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6 a

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 6 a or dil.ie/7
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: á

conjunction, nasalizing and followed by nasalizing rel. clause when, while . Orig. neut. sg. of article, see GOI § 890 . With neg. an(n)ad: anataibrem, Wb. 15d25 . annád foirpret, Sg. 48b5 . With ro: ar(r)u, ar(r)o, anru: arocelebrus, Wb. 14d31 . arrucestaigser, Ml. 2d3 . Also á (see Celtica ii 339 - 40 ).

In O.Ir. glosses usually in phrases glossing Latin participles: arocelebrus gl. ualefaciens, Wb. 14d31 . annongeiss cách gl. testificans, 30b4 . anataibrem do neuch gl. nemini dantes, 15d25 . a fortéitsi aém ref. to adiuuantibus, 14c3 . anambet ecailsi gl. non discutiendi `when they will not be to be examined', Ml. 15d7 . anas lie uilnech and Isu gl. superaedificati ipso summo angulari lapide . . ., Wb. 21c6 . arumsa loiscthe gl. adustus, Ml. 118d1 . a lléicfimme gl. relinquentes, 14d8 . arrucestaigser frisin nebride gl. cum Ebreo disputans, 2d3 . nad necmai andumenmarni gl. aestimantes, 15d5 . continuans .i. a comoicsider, Sg. 59a2 . andonaidbdem gl. ostendentes, 211a12 . an as suidigthe gl. positum, 4a11 . andocoisgedar ne comaccomol .s. gl. sequente, 15b4 . andonaithchuiredar .u. gl. redeunte `when u returns', 18b6 . ambas cete gl. cantato `when it shall have been sung', Thes. ii 17.34 . ( BCr. 32b5 ). anaslui grién foa fuined gl. occidente, 33b18 . andusleicet inna rind gl. residentibus `when the planets sink', 18b10 . Note also: conid gau dóibsem . . . anasberat nadṁbed ad plures , Sg. 40a15 . annád foirpret `when they do not increase', 48b5 .

With impf. indic. andummecitis gl. dispicientes, Ml. 34c6 . annumfindbad[a]igtisse gl. beatificantes, 39d14 . So also in Trip.: P. . . . anno cluined inna briathra sa dorothlaig . . ., Trip.² 118 . anno cníted . . . is éd ro ráde . . . = suspirans . . . ait, 405 . A Latinism, GOI § 519 (see also note p. 682, and Stokes, KZ xxix 376 ). Note also: ferais L. faelti fris . . . a n-asbert saying, LU 3430 .

In literary texts: a lluid fon loch con(f)aca[e] in muirdris, Ériu xvi 38 § 6 . mairg Ultu arro génair . . . in gormac, MU² 323 . fer dorigne sin amdar lana a .vi. bliadna, TBC-I¹ 543 . ar-roldatar (irroldatar, v.l.; leg. inróldatar, Immrama 86 § 2 ). fairggi fergaidh when they went on the angry sea, Snedg. u. Mac R 9.§ 2 . inba siu as . . . indbasi hée ┐ inuuisi ron, . . . inuaisi cú `when I was a deer', etc., ZCP ii 315.9 . a m-luidset co leth lenna `when they had got halfway across the sea', Dinds. 5 ( RC xv 294 ). a ronecam-[ni] do lesa, ACL iii 294 § 13 . a mbātar ann oc fledōl co cualatar ēigem na caillige, ZCP vii 306.5 . i n-bása isind ecclais so `when I was in this church', BNnÉ 93 § 203 . a mbuí ann, Stair Erc. 387 .

1 aile

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aile or dil.ie/978
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: oile, eile, arch, aild, aile, aile, aill, aile, aill, aili, ailiu, ailiu, áili, aili, aili, aile, ailib, aile, aili, aile, aili, aili, a., n-aill, n-aile, éile, éle, aill, aili, ailiu, ailiu, aile, alaill, allail, alaill, alaili, alailiu, aili, alaaili, alaili, n-aile, allaili, aile, alaili, aili, alaile, holailiu, horaili, fulailiu, folaill, hualailiu, alaile, alaill, alaile, arele, lelele, alaill, aláil, araill, alaili, aláili, álaili, araili, áréli, alailiu, arailiu, alaili, aili, lialailiu, liala ailiu, aile, alailib, alaili, aréli, alaili, indala, indala, dondala, indala, indala, indala, all, AILE, ALAILE, arailiu, alailiu, alaile, (a)la, al(l)

In later lang. oile, eile other, one of two, second , pronominal used as adj. and noun. Inflected as io, iā -stem except in n a s. neut. (aill, see below). GOI §§ 486 ff. , Hamp, Études Celt. ix 477 (aill, arch. aild). Old-Irish forms. Stressed forms

(a) aile (as adj. follows noun; as subst. always with article or nach). As adj. n s m. aile, Wb. 12c46 . n. aill, 9c3 . a s m. aile, Wb. 9d31 . n. aill, 13a1 . g s. aili, Sg. 30a2 . d s. ailiu, Wb. 21a7 . ailiu, Sg. 30b4 . n p. áili, Wb. 12b1 . aili, 22d14 . a p. aili, Sg. 28a6 . g p. aile, Wb. 12b3 . d p. ailib, Wb. 12b11 . Fem. n s. aile, Wb. 10d18 . a s. aili, Sg. 189a8 . g s. aile, Sg. 188a12 . n p. aili, Sg. 22a3 . a p. aili, Sg. 191a2 .

n As subst. n s m. nach a.¤ , Wb. 20a10 . n s n. a n-aill , Wb. 4b24 . a s m. nach n-aile , Wb. 8a3 . éile, éle (influence of céile, GOI p. 308 ), 6a15 , 6c18 . a s n. na aill , Wb. 17c23 . g s. nach aili , Wb. 17b28 . d s. nach ailiu , Sg. 209b12 . a p. amal na heliu, Sg. 9b1 . ailiu gl. quos (nullos tepefacit sol), Ml. 94b20 . Fem. g s. inna aile , Thes. ii 15.42 (BCr.).

(b) With double stem ala aile, alaile, with dissimilation araile (with stress on -ail-) (as adj. precedes noun; as subst. does not take article or other proclitic, cf. Ped. Ériu xv 188 ff.).

As adj. n s n. alaill ṡain, Sg. 6b24 . allail (recte alaill, edd.) pronomen , 209b10 . g s. alaili thríuin, Sg. 96a4 . d s. alailiu chruth, Ml. 98d1 . n p. alá aili aidme, Ml. 89a9 . alaaili réta, Sg. 111b5 . a p. alaili dliged, Ml. 18c11 . g p. ala n-aile ndoine, Ml. 54a21 .

Fem. a s. allaili mbeasti, RC xi 446.1 . g s. ala aile aidme, Ml. 51c5 . d s. alaili tain gl. quando, Sg. 222b2 . n p. ala aili interiecta, Sg. 10a1 .

When used with a prep. ending in a vowel alaile sometimes drops its initial: holailiu, Ml. 80a2 . horaili, 2a6 . fulailiu (sic MS.), 102d2 . folaill, Laws iv 102.14 . But hualailiu, Ml. 40d17 . Sg. 25b12 . With la see substantival use infra.

n As subst. n s m. alaile, Wb. 6b20 . n s n. alaill, 7d11 . a s m. alaile, Wb. 5d15 . arele, 9c19 . With la: lelele, 16c24 . a s n. alaill, 4c33 . aláil, 12a10 . araill, 23b21 . g s. alaili, Wb. 4c13 . aláili, 12a34 . álaili, 13a9 . araili, Sg. 10a10 . áréli, Wb. 13a5 . d s. alailiu, Wb. 2a14 . arailiu, 21a13 . n p. alaili, Wb. 13a16 . ala aili , Sg. 215a1 . a p. with la, lialailiu, Ml. 14a4 (liaailiu, MS.). liala ailiu, Sg. 32b5 . g p. ala n-aile (gl. reliquorum), Ml. 37a21 . Sg. 201b15 . d p. alailib, Wb. 25b13 . Sg. 208b8 . Fem. a s. fri alaili , Sg. 202a4 . d s. aréli (see above), Wb. 8a7 , alaili, Sg. 189a7 . 212b3 .

In Bardic verse this form alliterates with words beginning either with r- or vowels: líonmhar dá reic re-roile, DDána 61.3 . sgol i n-ucht ar-oile ag ól, 103.25 .

(c) Unstressed forms (always adjectival preceding noun or aí, see below, and most usually with preceding article or cach). With article (both words indecl.) n s m. indala mmod, Ml. 45b11 . a s m. indala fer, Wb. 4c16 . d s. dondala lucht, Wb. 16c20 . n s f. indala chlas, Ml. 138d1 . g s f. indala rainne, Sg. 74b7 . a s n. indala lestar, Wb. 4c32 . With cach, usually cach la: cach la sel, Wb. 15d9 . cach le céin, Ml. 19c1 . Without art. somet. also all, see C I (a) below.

A. The form AILE.

I As adj. following its noun other, second: frituidecht a.¤ anísiu, Sg. 21b11 . pronomen naill, 197b17 . fogur na liter na.¤ , 4a8 . guidiu itge n-a.¤ , Fél. Ep. 413 . anní nail as much again, IT ii1 180.177 . cethri fogaetha a.¤ , SR 49 . immon michil lasin crosfigill-so immon muiri lasind crosfigell na.¤ immasech `with the next', Mon. Tall. 137.z (§ 28) . do nach raod aliu `to any other matter', 143.30 (§ 43) . isind le[i]th ailiu, Críth G. 591 (eliu, MS.). do c[h]ellaib elib, BColm. 62.20 . forsin triur aili `the other three', RC xxiv 174.10 . aisceda imda eili, Sc.M² § 4 R . Longínus in ainm ele, PH 673 . a dhuine dhiombuain eile, DDána 27.3 . céd eili d'uaislib `a hundred other nobles', IGT Decl. ex. 60 . ┐ ní eili and furthermore, Hy Maine 161.31 . beag oile as congnamh ré chois `little else', Dán Dé x 17 . aill with non-neut. noun: ro-lēcus-[s]a gaí n-aill cucut-su, Sc.M² § 13 . issin láim n-aill, MU² 543 . do thuc bulli n-aill, TBC-LL¹ 1998 . fecht n-aile (n-aill), úair a.¤ another time, on another occasion see fecht and 2 úar. Of future time, next, forthcoming: lathi n-and resint samḟuin a.¤ cind bliadna, LU 3298 ( SCC § 10 ). cosin caiscc naili `until the next Easter', Mon. Tall. 132.17 (§ 12) . nach (na) . . . a.¤ (aill) any other . . . : nábat nacha arm aili `let it not be any other arms', Wb. 11d14 . dochum nacha rainne a.¤ , Sg. 188a12 . indtan noteigdis nach leth aili, Mon. Tall. 129.18 (§ 6) . in nacha reduibh ailib, Ériu ii 106.9 . Masc. with neut. noun: huare nad fil na nert n-a.¤ , Ml. 29d5 .

n II As subst.

(a) another, the other, others etc.: cuit inna aine ┐ inna a.¤ of the one and of the other, Thes. ii 15.42 (Bcr.). amal na heliu `like the others', Sg. 9b2 . arus leth do fallaib an aill do doebdadaib `for half is due for the neglects, the other for the claimants,' Laws iv 126.21 Comm. mad a.¤ da lina beta olca folaid `one of two parties', ii 366.11 . ma a.¤ dá lína bes anfoltach, O'D. 565 ( H 3.17, 441 ). co ndearnadhsom in a.¤ chédna likewise, TFrag. 22.22 . mani tucad . . . ní din chéttadall ni bered a n-aill, Sc.M² § 1 . ní fargaib bennachtain ┐ ní thuc anaill (alali, v.l.), RC viii 52.25 . aroile . . . anaill the one . . . the other (ref. to léo), Grail 3399 .

(b) period of two days: a.¤ do mnaib . . . treisi do rig, Laws i 78.15 . nat ṡasai aena tar a.¤ `that one day should not be extended beyond two days', 120.18 . athgabail a.¤ itir uin ┐ treise rosmidir Sencha, 126.11 . cach athgabail a.¤ , 144.24 .i. for ata anad naili ┐ apad aili, 146.21 Comm. is for dail na haili, 146.12 Comm. athgabail a.¤ do ingin im comorbus a mathar, 146.y .i. ar ata anadh naili, 148.3. Comm. a.¤ déc space of twelve days (cf. a.¤ déc one twelfth , (g) infra): a.¤ do mnaib, a.¤ dec doib im roe, Laws i 78.15 .

(c) Frequ. a n-aill something else, anything else: nimbe anaild arbera bith `he has nothing else that he may eat', Mon. Tall. 146.16 (§ 50) . ind lethbairgin ┐ ind cethramtu nó anaild `the half loaf and the quarter or other quantity, 151.z (§ 63) , ní fogbat merdrecha Ulad a n-aill acht foraim én dóib, LU 3254 ( SCC § 5 ). it é do theoir ríagla / nítroib anaill bas diliu `have thou naught else dearer', Ériu i 194 § 7 . in fil anaill? ol Grigoir `is there anything else?' ZCP iii 30.21 .

(d) Hence with ocus, etc. furthermore: ┐ anaill forácbus[s]a . . ., LL 279a7 . ┐ anaill béus, iarfaig-siu and furthermore, ask . . ., TBC-LL¹ 1920 . ┐ dano a n-aill and úair ni chesend nech, LU 2654 . ┐ anaill niro tagaill . . ., Grail 2786 . Cf. similar use of araill: et araill aile dana béus, TBC-LL¹ 106 . ┐ araill and, dano, . . . ní fil rígain . . ., LU 4015 ( SCC § 46 ). araill ele bheós ro leth ainm . . ., AFM v 1858.z . ┐ araill ele nir bó siodhach . . ., vi 2052.10 .

(e) Uninflected aill . . . aill one . . . another, some . . . others (not found in O. Ir. Glosses): imrordus in rígraid / . . . / aill úas laithib lígdaib / aill fo díanaib déraib some . . . others, Fél. Prol. 23 . aill fir mair . . . / aill ingene húage `one of a mighty man . . . another of a virginal maiden', June 5 . áill fri cumaid . . . aill ele fri teichead (of persons), Alex. 309 . .lll. carpdech . . . aill bruitt budi aill bruit deirg `some in yellow mantles others in red mantles', RC xiv 412.8 . Hence adverbially partly . . . partly: aill is tóla catha crūach / aill is cōra cacha crích, ZCP xi 110 § 30 . go ruc in ingen leis aill ar áis aill ar égin, Ériu xi 46.13 . Cf. aill .i. aonfecht .. . ut est aill torla tres tochuired, O'Dav. 34 , Ériu xiii 15.11 .

(f) With nach any other: arna arroímatsom nach na.¤ `lest they should receive any one else', Wb. 14d37 . cen acaldaim nach aili, Sg. 153b7 . cen acomol naich aili do `without joining any other to it', 197b17 . nib écen na aill, Wb. 22d12 . ni gessid na aill act búaid precepte, Wb. 26a34 . ní epur na haill `I say nothing more', Sg. p. 217 marg. sup. (Thes. ii xxii). in fail na aill adcota[r] dam, Trip.² 1323 . cona bía cuit do nach ailiu i nHére, 2766 . do-bérad naill ( = na aill) would give something else, BDD² 276 . With partitive DI something else of: asbéram na aill diar ṅgnímaib, Wb. 17c23 . in fuil anaill d'ingantaib air?, Grail 2983 . Cf. aill do buadaib Duind C. andso something of the triumphs, TBC-LL¹ 1529 .

(g) In numerals (fractions). a.¤ déac one twelfth: oile dég f., IGT Decl. § 3 . oil a dég (oil dhég v.l.) lochdach, IGT Decl. § 14 . aili deac brotto `the twelfth part of a second', Thes. ii 13.29 (BCr.). erpais Patraic aili deac Erend dó the twelfth part of Ireland, Trip.² 911 . `a.¤ dhéc the twelfth part, the Brehon's fee . Anglicé allayéag,' O'Don. Suppl. ni uil aile déc dosomh ┐ atá éiric a gubreite fairsium, O'D. 536 ( H 3.17, 432 ). da tecarthar ni da folaid cruid on breithemain, no ailedec, Laws i 234.17 Comm. diablad na aile dec, 234.18 Comm. no co thormaigi fa geall co roib aile dec, v 252.20 Comm. log a breithemnuis, aile dec, 212.22 Comm. Perh. also in: ni bhía an oile dēgsi am díaigh / nach foighe Ó Bríain d'éicsi úaim, IGT Decl. ex. 216 . barr na ngēg uile re n-idnaibh / uile dég gun fidhbaidh ortt (lochtach), ex. 225 . Cf. Kl. enair for dardain ail uathaid fuirre `the second day of the moon thereon', RC xviii 176.27 (Tig.). 284.2 . For ail dec 35.9 Stokes suggests reading ail uathaid.

B. The form ALAILE etc.

I As adj.

(a) other: aliud pronomen . i. is allail (recte alaill, edd.) pronomen , Sg. 209b10 . cenn cridi ┐ alaaili réta `and other things', 111b5 . sech alaili dliged ┐ indliuchtu `apart from other sayings and meanings', Ml. 18c11 . imtech[t] Boinde . . . ┐ alanaile n-aband, AU i 308. 11 , cf. 330.4 , 374.4 . In later lang. neut. form somet. used after noun irrespective of gender: leth in moige . . . al-leth allaill, RC xi 446.52 . don taeb araill, Stair Erc. 782 . isin luing araill, Grail 2969 . isind láim anaill, TBC-LL¹ 1719 . Note also: adhaigh n-aill n-aile another night, BNnÉ 324 § 38 .

(b) Usually some, a certain (gl. quidam, aliquis): hualailiu chlausul gl. uelut in clausula, Ml. 40d17 . holailiu lon gl. quodam adipe, 80a2 . ainm alaili thríuin `name of a certain hero', Sg. 96a4 . alaill ṡain, 6b24 . hualailiu mud gl. quodammodo, 25b12 . con alailiu fogoir (leg. fogur, edd.) gl. aliquo `with some sound', 39a2 . alaili tain gl. quando, 222b1a . ac gūmāidim ala naile nairec ninganta falsely boasting of various wonderful inventions, Corm. Y 825 . cornan alaili cuislendach, `a certain piper Cornan', Mon. Tall. 131.23 (§ 10) . alaili fáith marb, Trip.² 1395 . di araile anmcharait, ACL iii 5.3 . aroile fer angid, PH 818 . doní . . . araile gaitt irisech `she commits a certain pious theft', BColm. 84.10 . i n-araile domnuch, ZCP iii 33.15 . ro indsaig araile carruic . . . ┐ ros buail, Grail 1435 . in araile locc i lLaighis `at a certain place', AFM ii 1066.3 . Cf. co aroile mainistir ecin, RC x 187.4 .

n II As subst.

(a) another, the other: ni ferr nech alailiu, Wb. 2a16 . ni áir do neuch molad alaili, 16a24 . is coitchen do cechtar de ainm alaili `the name of each is common to both', Ml. 14d12 . intí diib bes tresa orcaid alaile, Ml. 19d6 . tar cenn alanaile gl. aliorumuice, 95d9 . Sg. 201b15 . cenmathá dobrethir ┐ alaaili `except the adverb and other (parts of speech)', 71b17 . muidit secht catha ren Osseirgé for na Déise . . . asberat araile is tricha cath others say, Ériu iii 138.102 . in foirend is craibdige araile `the folk who are more believing than the rest', PH 6363 . coná baí aithgne neich sech alaile díb, TBFr. 271 . cach gabal tra issuidiu araile hisesam `every other division is sung sitting, the next standing', Mon. Tall. 140.4 (§ 31) . gach clas ro claideadh do línadh do arbaim alaill do imbim the furrows to be filled alternately with corn and butter, Laws iv 98.14 Comm. drécht diib i nAidniu, araill diib oc Dubcechair, ZCP viii 305.30 . Hence alaile . . . alaile etc. (the) one . . . the other, another: biit alaili and rofinnatar a pecte rosíu (sic) docói grád forru alaili is iarum . . ., Wb. 29a28 . alaaili diib hi remthechtas . . . alaaili dano it coitchena eter remthechtas, Sg. 215a1 . Later araill . . . de is used of all genders: comérgit Ulaid araill díb . . . araill, LU 5017 . Cf. a dá grúad . . . co ndeirgi fola laíg ┐ araill eile co solusgili sneachta, BDD² 38 . Also when first part of phrase contains ind ala (infra).

(b) With idea of mutual action each other: con rochra cách a.¤ lit. that each may love the other (= that all may love each other), Wb. 6d1 . rosbennach cách dib elathain aroile, Fél. 4.20 . Eogan . . .┐ Oed . . . do marbad aroili, Ann. Conn. 1340.12 . ar bruinnib ┐ ochtaip aroile ┐ a chēile, Fl. Earls, 80.17 . Frequ. with prepp.: combad imned for araill domsa so that it should be trouble upon trouble for me, Wb. 23b21 . Cf. in peccath for arele, 9c19 . is ball cách dialailiu, 5d4 . ar a ndig cechtar dīb sech anaile (araile v.l.) so that they can get past each other (of two chariots), Corm. Y 1082 (96.11) . ni dernai nechtar n-ai olc fri araili, TBFr. 24.3 = fria chéile, 420 . ón tráth co roili, BDD² 1251 . lán ón orsain go ar-oile / an teach . . ., DDána 85.37 . casmhail a rún dá-roile, 92.6 . an ro loitseat Goill ┐ Geraltaig imo roile (roile) isan tansa `the injuries mutually done upon each other', AFM v 1734.15 . dīss derbrāthor dieroile `two . . . brothers', Fl. Earls 124.1 . ?asrean a ceile agh fo laill do `his neighbour shall give him another calf', Laws iv 102.14 Comm.

(c) somebody, something; a certain person or thing . In sg.: araill tra cairigedarsom there is a certain thing (?) (`there are other things now which he blames'), Wb. 25b9 . So also: [con]-secha alaill indib (`he corrects another thing in them'), 26c1 . aroile do lāmhoip S. Niclās `one of the hands', Fl. Earls 80.20 . ba ingnad liasna Fomoire alaill tarfas doib isin cath a certain thing, RC xii 92 § 122 . atpert aroile fris `a certain man', Stair Erc. 1449 . Note also: ara ara bélaib isin charput sin araile forseng fánfota forbrec a charioteer in front of him . . . and he was, LU 9274 . In pl.: is sí cétbaid alanaile `this is the opinion of some', Ml. 36a1 . circunflex la grecu for alailib diib, Sg. 208b8 . With DI: araill d'feraib Midi `some of the men of M.', RC xviii 23.31 . do deachaidh fein cona mac . . . ┐ ar oile dia mhuintir innte, Leb. Gab.(i) 242.26 . d'foraithmet araill dona neithibh remraiti, 272.6 . araill d'áes na cemenn sin, CCath. 86 .

(d) As adv. (d s n.) arailiu `otherwise', Wb. 21a13 (introducing an alternative explanation); cf. alailiu chruth gl. aliter, Ml. 98d1 . alailiu, Wb. 9a23 (see Bergin, Ériu xiv 29 ; xvii 1; Pedersen, Ériu xv 188 ). alaile, Anecd. iii 59.2 . araili .i. gne eile, Laws iv 68.3 . Perh. also in TBC-I¹ 1044 , TBC-LL¹ 1833 ff. (reading ... cadān co leith. Allaile (alailiu LU) dia tonda etc.) .

C. The form (a)la, al(l).

I As adj.

(a) other, one of two, second (in this use a `compositional prefix', GOI § 394 ): all-aidchi on another night, IT ii2 194.21 . alachéill in sin, ZCP viii 313.29 . Morc .i. ala flaith na Fomoire, Leb. Gab.(i) 80.30 . béra cend ríg alathúaithi lat, BDD² 727 . fria lesa alabrugh of other territories, O'Curry 454 ( H 3.18, 242a ). rogrād fir alathīre 'great love of a man of another land', Ériu ii 15 § 2 . ? nach for ala thire tí tarrassais 'that you did not abide upon the surface of another land', PMLA lvi 940 ( LL 37013 ). li ala lécuinn Saul `by one of S.'s cheeks', Ml. 55c1 . ala n-or di i teg, a n-aill fri sīn, Corm. Y 35 (aurso). ala thred dub alaili find, Anecd. i 57 § 58 . tēora blaī būirig . . . blaī mescae . . . alablaī dúnaid la túatha téchtai tecraiter the second exemption, ZCP xi 83.1 . cath Ocha alachath `the second battle', RC xiii 54.10 . ala-chor second contract, Laws ii 274.z . mád ala feacht iar mbrethaib forru `for the second time', 66.16 . See also under compds. and 1 al. See also under allabrig.

(b) With article ind ala one of two, (the) one (. . . the other) (see also B II (a) supra): dotóeth indala fiacail airthir a chinn `one of the two teeth', Thes. ii 248.9 . arambé indala rann cen diall `that one of the two parts be undeclined', Sg. 74b6 . ind ala c. gl. praetermisit unam c (i.e. by writing hoc for hocc), 205b5 . co lluid tré scíath n-ete indala heóin one of the two birds, LU 3282 ( SCC § 7 ). doroigu ind ala fer . . . et romiscsigestar alaile, Wb. 4c16 . is léir dorigni indala lestar is dínnimu dongní alaill, 4c32-33 . ni coir dídnad dondala lucht et troscud dond lucht ailiu, 16c20 . īadais andala (indara, LU) sūil . . . asoilg alaile, TBC-I¹ 394 . benaid . . . Mac Cecht a chend dondala fir . . . ro boí in fer aile oc élúd, LU 7942 . Loch nE. dindala leith di ┐ Slíab C. dind leith ailiu, Trip.² 1957 . Later indara: indara láim dó fri ubull bragat in chon. dobeir araile fria chúl one of his hands, LU 5012 . indara fecht . . . canait ceol . . . in fecht n-aill contúaset fri ceól muintire nime, 1978 ( FA 5 ). is hé indara fer . . . ró an . . . Donnmal int aili, Trip.² 1521 .

(c) ind ala the second (cf. tánaiste): cengsat siar dind ara chur `for the second time', Metr. Dinds. iii 4.33 . isin dara cét lá deidenach don ré `on the second last day of the term', Laws iv 136.1 Comm. Hence in compd. numerals: ala rann deac `one twelfth', Thes. ii 13.29 (BCr.). issed indala nainmm déc the twelfth name, Thr. Ir. Gl. 25.9 = indara hainm, Corm. Y 750 . indala descipul lxx at the seventy-second disciple, Laws i 20.2 Comm. fir errainne co alasét sesed with sixty-two `séts' ZCP xii 361.21 . ?torad cach trethain ala cairrge, Laws v 484.2 (Comm. takes as all beyond). Cf. co treathan ala cairge no ala caire, O'Curry 20 ( H 3.18, 9a ).

(d) cach (a)la every other, every second: cach la céin . . . in céin naili sometimes . . . sometimes, Ml. 19b1, 3 . cachlacein `alternately', Mon. Tall. 146.29 (§ 52) . is i fescur cachlacēin / dlegar dīdnad dōib they are entitled to a meal on alternate days at vesper-time (of fasting regulations), ZCP xiii 29.14 . cach la sel dún for imrádud dé in sel aile for precept `at one time meditating on God, at another time preaching', Wb. 15d9 . ammarbad cach la sel iarum do a mbeogud indtale dia marbad `he continues alternately to mortify and revive them from their dying state', Mon. Tall. 147.16 (§ 52) . bó cona timthuch cech la blíadnai . . . colp[d]ach ḟirenn lee in mblíadnai n-aili every second year, Críth G. 266 . cach alablīa[dain] every second year, Corm. Y 1082 ( Anecd. iv 96.16 ). cach ara bliadain, Laws iv 140.29 Comm. druinech cechla bean / crecōir cechla fer, ZCP ix 170.17 . ate cuir treineacha la Feine cach la fear dia urgaire, alaili dia forngaire, Laws iv 54.13 . gach re n-am alternately, Dán Dé v 41 .

II n As subst. indala n-aí (invariable) one of the two: is dochu ind ala nái oldaas a n-aill, Wb. 4b24 . togu ind ala n-ái . . . damnad alaili `to choose one of the twain . . . to condem the other', 4c13 . ci atbela ind ala n-ái ni epil alaill, Sg. 30a3 . ind ala n-aí antúaid alaile andess, 67b22 . co n-accai in da mnaí . . . indala n-ai brat úaine impe alaili brat corcra, LU 3285 ( SCC § 8 ). elcuig indalanae, ruibidh alailiu, ZCP viii 105.11 . da fítt . . . inddala hí do tabirt do Día . . . araile do tomailt fadein, Mon. Tall. 161.10 (§ 80) . Later also ala (n-)aí: ar lēicse ala aí di arailiu, ZCP xv 316 § 10 . ni frith ala ai do thacru, 354 § 42 . dá [n]dorus [n]-and—comla[e] ar ala n-aí, clíath ar alailiu, Críth G. 101 . bōthar, talla dā boin fair .i. alanāi for fot alaile for tarsnae, Corm. Y 1082 ( Anecd. iv 96.17 ).

COMPDS. cosnamach fri hailecricha, Ériu viii 173.28 . i n-ailithír, Trip.² 2033 . asna hailithírib foreign countries, TTr.² 1747 (cf. ailithir). aile máthair, Sg. 152a2 (not treated as compd. by GOI § 394 . Perh. infl. by the Lat. altera mater). See also C I (a) above.

andess

Cite this: eDIL s.v. andess or dil.ie/3491
Last Revised: 2013

 

(dess). Cf. aneasan, Bard. Synt. Tr. 215.6 . Adv. of place stressed on the second syll.

(a) from the right: occá sirḟegad imme anair ┐ aníar anes ┐ atúaid, LU 2028 ( FA 10 ). frim andess gl. dessom `to the right of me', Thes. ii 350.32 .

(b) from the south: duimchella son in cathraig andes ┐ aníar ┐ antuaid, Ml. 67d8 . a.¤ in gel gle, amra (of the south wind), SR 70 , cf. Laws i 26.33 Comm. roerig in gaeth andeas, TTebe 278 . do lluid a-mmaidm a.¤ for Beluch S., Sc.M² 20 . co n-acus . . . a n-indread . . . andeas, BDD² 238 . táncatar rompa anes, Acall. 1008 . With the idea of motion much reduced, in the south: indalanái antúaid alaile a.¤ gl. nam duae arcti sunt, Sg. 67b22 . conidfarcaib la German / andes i ndeisciurt Letha, Thes. ii 311.2 (Hy. ii). huarda a.¤ is uarda atuaid (the frigid zones), SR 157 , cf. Laws i 28.22 Comm. i tāib na ratha a leath aneas, ZCP i 104.32 . mac rig na ṅDeissi a.¤ hé, Acall. 2606 . (cryptic) aninches .i. andes, Goid. 78 § 191 (Dúil Laithne) , ZCP xlix-l 612 .

With fri south of: fri muir galile andess, ZCP xxi 288 § 42 . riund andes atá in slúag, MU² 303 . gia mag . . . in cúlach ruind aness, TBC-LL¹ 1215 . a.¤ do on the south of: amal rundgab sliab sion andes ┐ antuaid dun chathraig, Ml. 67d14 . cusin tráigh . . . leth an[d]es d'Ḟ., Acall. 837 . With prec. di: sliab sión diandes on the south, Ml. 67a2 (cf. díanechtair).

1b bró

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1b bró or dil.ie/6877

 

Of people or objects dense mass; multitude, crowd, company, phalanx: b.¤ .i. iomad, O'Cl. ? bro .i. bisech ` increase ', O'Dav. 331. de betho bróu (bro, v.l.) `from the crowd of the world', Imr. Brain 29. ? hine bron dian degduine, Ériu vii 199.1 . it bróin dírmai, BDD² 284 = hit broí d., LU 6776. in gach mbróin sesmuigh sleg-aigbēil dīb, ML² 1711 . a Ferguis d'an bidba b.¤ `that hast enemies in number', SG 248.13 . b.¤ ṡagh, IGT Decl. ex. 911. b.¤ bhord ┐ b.¤ bheinsi, 34 . bro do bhoghaibh `a dense mass of bows', Magauran 3611 . bro bhadhbha . . . bratac, Caithr. CC 11. o bhroin bhoth `from the clustered bothies', Magauran 402 . idir bhróin reann, DDána 91.51 . co rabatur fó bróin scéith ┐ claidim . . . fa Finn mac C. `they were a mass of shield and sword . . . around F.', Fianaig. 86.28 . docunnuic na nai cét . . . cona mbroín sciath ┐ cloidem acu, ZCP xiii 224.13 . do chonncatar O B. ┐ a chlann ina mbroin sgiath ┐ claidemh chuca astech `in a body with shields', etc. L. Chl. S. 9. b. ¤churraig moss (?): do lín sboingia de (.i. bró curraidh a canoin gaeidhilgi noch súighus ┐ gabus gach uile fliuchaideacht noch curter innti) , Celtica vii 177 .452 . tucadh fínegra ┐ domblas ae a sboingia do .i. a mbroin chuiredh (leg. churraidh) a mbarr shlaite , Smaointe B. Chr. 4141 , Celtica vii 184 . ? Cf. co lluid itir cobrad ┐ brōin in scēith, TBC-I¹ 1512 `between the rim (?) and the body of the shield', Faraday; `between the boss and the centre of the shield´ TBC-I² 173 .

Compds. ? dideirn (.i. dot gráin) bródeirg brufitir, LU 10388 (Tochmarc Emere) = brodercc, ZCP iii 256.26 .

cleittíne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cleittíne or dil.ie/9431

 

Forms: cleittín

n io, m. (cleitte). Later also cleittín. Small light javelin, dart (usually of one of Cú Chulainn's weapons); dagger(?): do chuingid in cletine .i. gai Con Culaind, LU 5805 (TBC). imráidset iarom nípád ansu Cu Chulaind acht tuctha a cletíne airi, 5802 . focheird . . . in cletine dó co lluid triana chend, 5809 . airm i n-arrasar a n-uma don cletiniu, 5812 . immárubartsa in clétine / gai bolgae do léir, 9447 . .ix. cletíne clis, LU 8566 = cleitin, IT i 274 § 42 v.l. claidhemh, cletine, cathbharr, Ériu xiii 30.16 . gebid a chlettini diburgthi, LL 8319 (TBC). no thelged a chlettin, 8323 . a arm chletin, TBC-LL¹ p. 273 n.3 . d'iarraidh in chletin chleasa fair, n.5 . a chletín curad, Anecd. i 37 § 99 . cletine .i. lethfaobrach .i. claidhmíne no bedh fri cnis fri hairlech, dorn ann, nó dorn co n-airtem a dagger, O'Dav. 568 . Cú an chleitín, DDána 117.32 . In rhetorics: cumall (.i. cu) curson (.i. saoi) clettine, KZ xxxiii 82.7 . cairptine cleitīniu clār clē, Ériu i 116.11 . ar cletīnib cīanaib, 25 . cain sug set gai in cleitīne cain, 118.17 .

cóicer

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cóicer or dil.ie/10057
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: -iur

n o, [n., GOI 243 ] (cóic + fer, Thurn. loc. cit. Otherwise Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 136 ) n s. later also -iur (orig. dat.). Personal numeral (a) five persons, company of five : aire cóicir, Críth G. 359 . gelfine co cuicer `g. extends to five persons', Laws iv 284.1 . i cinaid in cuicir urradh, i 68.6 Comm. in cóicḟer, LU 6240 (TBC). cóicḟir (n s.), Trip.² 1652 . ba teist coicḟer (of Transfiguration), SR 7661 . da cuiciur (of angels), 743 . ar marb B. do gallaib . . . ina triaraib, ┐ ina cuiceraib, Cog. 60.21 . cúicfhiur díb, MU² 10. 12 . cúigear dearbhráthar, TSh. 6838 .

(b) five things: cóic aicmi oguim .i. cóicer cacha aicme 'five groups of Ogam letters, that is, five units for each group', Auraic.² 51 § 6,3 . cuiciur argit, Acall. 3950 (of chessmen). cóig aicme chúigir five species each containing five, IGT Introd. § 4 (3.23) (of the alphabet).

As dat. of accompaniment: ro lluid C. . . . cóicḟiur ┐ trí fichit, LL 22796 ( CRR 11 ). atrachtsat cóiciur fer, PH 1286 . In compd. num.: coíciur ar trib fichtib ar .ccc., LL 12475 . coiciur ar cethri fichtib, SR 6204 .

1 día n-

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 día n- or dil.ie/15846
Last Revised: 2019

 

(later dá n-) conj.

(a) with pret. when: dia luid Duaid for longais tri glenn I. dambidc Semei di chlochaib, Ml. 68c4 . Ml. 52 . P. dia mbói i llobrai | ad-cobra dul do Machi, Hy. ii 45 . rí romol Semeon . . . | dia mbái icon glanaltóir, SR 7558 . rí rosaer Petur . . . dia lluid co Crist, 7395 . diarluid He. fectas do sruth I. luid in sruth for cúl, 7145 . Sucait a ainm o thustidib, Cothraigi dia mbai ic fognam do cethrur, Trip.² 204 = IT i 17 . is annsin conbocht fīr fer fairsom a llāsin, dia lotar in cōicer cucaisom fon oenme, TBC-I¹ 1739 . da mbamar ic S. . . . is amaraen imriaghmais, 2654 ( TBC-LL¹ 3465 , 3529 ). danamthuc M. robam céle comadas, LU 3971 ( SCC 45 ). romid do chach díb a chert dia | mbatar (= mar badar, BB 42a20 ) 'con tṡelgairecht, LL 14b7 . rofaillsiged do A. . . . día ro escomla a anim asa churp . . . ┐ día rucad dochum richid, FA 3 (LU). nirbo chian do Ch. dia mbaí and co facca . . . na longa, CRR § 11 . na mucca diamtar dóine `the swine, when they were men', Metr. Dinds. iii 386 . dia mbatar i nEmuin . . . daimtis cert, ZCP viii 218 . dorúmenair co mba Dia dia fhacca in spirut noem do thuidecht fair, PH 4790 . is é thug tríocha creach a B. dia raibhe . . . ag imluadh cogaidh, Keat. ii 4294 .

(b) With subj. if. neg. mani, earlier dina, dena, Ériu xx 229 . With pres. subj.: ní lour in bendachad dia mmaldachae, ní lour dano in nebmaldachad mani bendachae, Wb. 5d23 . dia mbemmi hi combás bemmi i comindocbáil, 24a10 . for ṅgnimrada diamat glain . . . do berthar nem . . . do chach, SR 1461 . is col duin dia foirglem, Fél. Ep. 98 . foircis dliged . . . dianad bē feineachas; muna bē feineachas tellais, Laws iv 18 . dia cloadarsom indí sin . . . ní fil ní . . . na dénat, Mon. Tall. § 26 . dia mbat rī bit rīghcerdach, ACL iii 314 . dia ructar ar mna daera uáinn biait ar mna soera for brointib ┐ bemi cin blicht ma ructar ar mbai blechtai uán, ZCP ix 148 ( TBC-I¹ 1129 ). diamsat fissid . . . ro- pad mithig duit eirge, TFerbe 352 . mad iat do charait bes and . . . da mbad iat, bar C., rapad lugaiti bar n-eneclannsi, CRR § 11 . dia ngaba mh' ḟorcetul-sa . . . notuaslaicfind . . . ┐ biat ri, Anecd. iii 74.12 . da fagair na móra finna . . . tabair iat, ZCP viii 113 . dia fhélltair form' fiachaib filid dia n-aīr if I am cheated of my dues, let poets satirize them, MacCongl. 45.y . da n-icat mo screpulsa . . . guidimsi mo Tigherna nachastí nach plaigh, Anecd. ii 34 . da raib accumsa a fis . . . do gebasu, Acall. 6294 . dá rabh ocumsa . . . sin do ghébthar, 80 . dia n-accara nech cen etach, tabair etach dó, PH 4960 . caithfidh bheith creachach . . . | dá raibh duine dasachtach, TD 20.6 . With neg. dina, dena: on do fiur adbaill, dena ro nastar tasicc fair 'a loan to a man who [subsequently] dies unless [its] return have been bound on him' Laws v 370.6 , Ériu xx 229 . feraid insci dina rochar arra 'he makes a statement if the consideration cannot be declared (?)' O'Dav. § 887 , Ériu xx 230 . ni aighne dinad aenaighe[d]ar for aein ai 'he is no [proper] advocate if he does not unite on one of them' ZCP xii 364 , Ériu xx 230 . dina derlaiter (? leg. derlathar) dil 'if it cannot be removed' Bretha 42 § 32 , Ériu xx 230 . dona bi (? leg. dina bē) iarair 'if there be no [previous] claim' Bretha 46 § 37 , Ériu xx 230 . Neg. with infix. pronoun: dinach | dime deithbiri 'unless justification shelter him' Laws iii 536.31 , Ériu xx 230 . donnach bē (? leg. mbē) asa tormastar sēoit d(h)ō cheana 'unless he have [something] else out of which séoit are increased for him (i.e. by which his property is increased) ' Ir. Recht 73 , Ériu xx 230 . dinach gell guaissi (? leg. -guasa) i n-anma (? leg. ainmne) ail, Bretha 36 § 23 , Ériu xx 231 . diani chel 'that I do not hide it' Celtica xv 33 § 8 . With past subj.: robad bethu dom dianchomalninn, Wb. 3c28 . dia mbad athirge dognéth . . . dodilgfitis do . . . a chinta, SR 1409 . dia mbeindse for mo nirt, ni tóethsitís in macrad, TBC-I¹ 1856 . diamtís Ulaid nobetis immalle frimsa ní fuléṅgtha in cath, TFerbe 396 . día mbeth dóine . . . istaig . . . dogénut écnach, MacCongl. 49.7 . da mad tol duib no-indfaind-sea bar ceist were it agreeable to you, I should . . ., PH 19 . atraigsetar ferg Ḟoraind friu dia torsed for cúlu, Ériu iv 142 . gá luagh dobérad sibh dham . . . dá tucaind bhur bhḟir féin cuguib?, Acall. 976 . dia mairedh . . . ní léigfedh mé, Duan. F. i 82 . dā sirinn a meic . . . ar an laochraid rem lá dofūicfedis tes 'gom thoigh, ZCP viii 219 . do bheinn ós chionn chríche F. . . . dá maradh M., TD 25.42 . dá dteagmhadh long . . . i n-imlibh cuain . . . T. do ní do niort nach oirbhearnach í ag imtheacht, 7.27 . dá bhféadthaoi a rádha ris . . . ní ḟuil ní d'adhbhar aige if one might say it to him . . . he hath no reason for it, 8.32 .

Freq. tautologically with ma(d): mad da mbeth i mbrōn . . . pennit in manach . . . for uisciu ┐ bairgin, Ériu vii 172 . imchian etarru . . . moalle | mad dia fégthar fírinne, Metr. Dinds. iii 168 . mad dia marbthar M. . . . atresat curaid, TFerbe 370 . 377 . mad dia ngabad rigi . . . isi bean nobiad aicce, Anecd. i 10.11 . intī taraill gait | nocha n-ālaind duit mad dia fagba a dín if any man has committed theft it is not honorable for you if he get shelter, KMMisc. 274 . LL 148b39 . in tan ba fíren in rí nobid in fót fo chaemchlí mad dia raded gói . . . suas dochured a foescal, LL 204a26 . . . . madh dia ndeni-siu forru . . . am erlumsa (sic leg. or for siu leg. sin?) if you will obey them . . . I am ready, BNnÉ 304 . Note also: is bec cid dia fesstar a chenél his descent will hardly be known at all, RC xxiv 176 .

éccaíne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. éccaíne or dil.ie/19384

 

n (possibly fr. 1 éccaín with primary meaning friction, discomfort: The first syll. undoubtedly came to be identified with éc death and the word is in usage a synonym of coíne) groaning, lamentation, mourning: gen. athach écaine (: cētaīne), SR 8103 . do-lluid chucu M.... d'ḟuatuch Étáine co n-úath | dia mbái écáine iltúath, Metr. Dinds. iii 350 (= is annsin rothócbatar banntrocta fer nErinn a ngáiri guil, IT i 128 ). rotirmai sécáine uilc | d'ingnais Étáine, 352 (= rotirmaiss écaine ocus mór olcc... duit bith i n-ingnaiss do mna, IT i 129z ). nior erig riam gan eccaine (of a wounded warrior) TBC-LL¹ 2253 St. égaine gan taithleach lamentation without appeasement (of sinners in torment) RC xxiv 382 . nochar chuirset riam co sé | ēnchath as mó egcaine, Acall. 1142 . damhna eccáoine, BS § 67 . ní dhó as mhó ḟuil ar n-éagcaoine, Gofraidh Fionn, Ir. Monthly 1919, 168 . i ndeaghaidh mh'éagaoine after my lamentation TD 3.50 . go gcualadar éagcaoine Thaidhg T.'s moaning Keat. ii 4571 . thuilleas éagcaoine na marbh who earn the reproaches of the dead TSh. 4572 .

As vn.: ra gab C. ac écáine ┐ ac airchisecht Fir diad TBC-LL¹ 4005 . isbert Conall na briathrasa oc egaine Concobair in lamentation for C.('s death) Ériu viii 172 . ac écaine in fhir nóim do crochad, PH 2441 . robadar icá n-écaine co fata, Acall. 3423 . ic uchbadhaigh ┐ ac egáini moir, CCath. 500 . BS § 66 . complaining (of): cid tai d'accaine ┐ d'egaine, a ingen ?, YBL 63b33 . is córa duit...t'imned d'écáine fris, Mer. Uil. 222 (D iv 2). gun Róimh ag éagcaoine a huilc, TD 24.24 . ag éagcaoine na guaise bewailing the peril TSh. 2126 . a éagcaoine é féin do bheith ag dul ar seachrán, 9591 . ag éagcaoine ar Dhia ris féin, 4250 .

echtra

Cite this: eDIL s.v. echtra or dil.ie/19563
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: eachtra, heachtra, echtrai, hechtradha, eachtradh

n , f. (echtar Celtica xv 18 ) n s. an eachtra , Studies 1919, 255 . g s. na heachtra , A. Ó Dálaigh xxx 6 . n p. echtrai, LL 189c55 . a p. na hechtradha , Anecd. ii 44.6 . eachtradh, Carswell 19 . An expedition, journey, voyage ; usually in sense of an adventurous journey, an expedition in quest of adventure: téit e.¤ (ar e.¤) goes on a journey, an adventure: Crimthann mac L. isé do-chuaid in n-echtra a Dun C. la Nair...co mbae coicthigis ar mis ann, Rawl. 136a40 . dia ndechaid in n-echtra do thig Uilc, LU 119a10 = PRIA iii 532 . luid uaithe echtra n-etruim | d'iarraid tṡelga, Acall. 3839 . rachair ar eachtra n-imchéin, ML 36.13 . dochuaidh ar eachtra a hÉirinn, Keat. i 202.3 .

con ébailt aithle a echtra, LL 129a44 . dom echtra hi tech nUilc, LU 119b19 = PRIA iii 536 . do-lluid Cet... do chuairt ectra la Ulto, LL 123bz = Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 4 . gach gnim gaiscidh dia nderna fura echtra, ZCP vi 80.15 . eachtra Íosa anuas do nimh, A. Ó Dálaigh xlvii 6 . Of a warlike expedition, a hosting, enterprise: is muna thechta cath cain | gan echtra air seach righaib he is not obliged to go on expeditions more than other kings BB 281b7 = Leb. Cert. 258 . sluaigheadh ag síol Ádhaimh | budh í an eachtra fhada, Dán Dé viii 3 . Studies 1920, 417 y . rug leis san eachtra é, TSh. 6981 . millidh...eachtra an aithrighigh spoils the enterprise of the penitent 10453 . Of a journey, pilgrimage: an tan do rindi Seon (i.e. Maundeville) a echtra, ZCP ii 2.29 . iar ndul do Dh. ar eachtra don Róimh da oilithre, Keat. iii 4586 . ar e.¤ abroad, on a journey; in exile: do bhí sé is an ógh ar eachtra, Dán Dé x 11 . gan teachtaire...nach bia ar eachtra ar dhaoinibh journeying to the people xxiii 1 . ge tamaitne ar echtra ┐ ar indarba, Celt. Rev. vii 332 = TTebe 677 . ar mbeith ar eachtra dhóibh, tograid...triall dá ndúthaigh, TSh. 9614 . i n-e.¤ : an t-iarla do chor ar eachtra don Aiffric. Agus ar mbeith don iarla san eachtra soin..., 5488 .

Transf., a tale, narrative, history: rofiarfaig in ri scela dib; ro frecair N. ┐ ro indis in echtra, RC xxiv 202 . eachtradha dimhaoineacha...saoghalta do cumadh ar thuathaibh dé dhanond, Carswell 19 . eachtradha...an phobaill gheindtlidhe `history' 5 . dá gcuirinn síos annso mar do thuit C...┐ iomad oile do churadhaibh...go mbiadh eachtra adhbhal ré a hiomluadh orra, Keat. ii 3411 . éirim na heachtra, 2939 .

Esp. as title of one of the recognised classes of tales, LL 189c55 = MS. Mat. 589 . togla ┐ tana...echtra ┐ aidheda, Laws i 46.5 .

éislinn

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adj i unsafe, insecure ; as subst. insecurity, danger; an insecure, unguarded place: eslind .i. esinnill,...inill i medon, eslind .i. extra , O'Mulc. 439 . eislinn .i. esinnill no edaingean, O'Cl. Thes. ii 352.5 - 42 . nau tholl diant eslinn guas, 294.27 . cé ní eslind libsi | ar gnúis ind ríg `though you have no danger' Fél., Epil. 397 . nobítís cauraid...ara bélaib hi cathaib ar na bad eslind dó that he might not be exposed to danger Ériu iv 24.28 . conuir bud eislinn do unsafe for him Laws iii 58.29 Comm. imthéit i n-ág i n-eslind, IT i 221.17 . na haithne aithniter don duine i n-eislind o do ria leis co inill ata trian do ar a comet, Laws iii 220.11 Comm. an tan no théged i cathugud no íadaitís...láma fair ná díchsed i n-eslind TTr.² 1676 . ni reilced...i n-eislind, Ériu iv 24.26 . cona bai ní badh eislinn doib acht a n-airm fen dia crechtnugad, CCath. 5690 . tucsat glūn re gliaid ┐ aighed re heislind do Goll cona muintir, Acall. 2828 . doriacht aenben... | is do ḟuacair ar Ḟein Ḟind | comling aenḟir gerb eislind, 5651 . doriachtsam as gach eslind, Aen. 619 . A vulnerable part of the body, flank (?): dolleici...uad indara sleig...conostarla tria eslind a chuirp corbo chross tall tarsna triana chlíab iar tregdad a chride, TFerbe 242 . dorat Achil furmiud fair don lágin...co lluid...tri eslind a chléib ┐ tri chomthrom a chride co ro briss a druimm dar dó `through the flank of his chest' TTr. 2047 = LL 244a41 . Cf. gor ab iad eislinni, inni ┐ inathair C. arna criathrad ┐ arna comthollad do cēdurchor Cellaig, MR 270.8 . Of worry, insecurity, mental affliction (?): agá rád riu gan dogra do dénam ┐ cen eslinn ┐ gan imshním do beith ortho 'telling them not to despair and not to feel sorrowful nor insecure', Stair Nic. 24.447 . Cf. éislinn 'a weak spot; a flaw, a defect; a failing in health'​​, Dinneen . As attrib.: ind áth eislind ind-agaid for namhot, Ériu viii 172.12 . gur crechtnaigit na cuirp ina n-inadhaib eslinne, 46.33 . Cf. imfaebair cach giallnai eislinniu `the punishment of every imperfect service' Laws iv 320.17 (`of every defective vassalage' PRIA xxxvi C 16, 296 ). Obscure exx. are: gáeth úar tar fáebru eslind, BDD 101a = LU 91a42 . fer ar-feid solaig fri aiss esslind..., LU 132a13 .

forgabál, forngabál

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Forms: forngabail, forngabáil, forgabhala, Forgabail, Forngabhail

n ā, f.

I

(a) in physical sense grip, clutch: .uii. meóir ... co ngabáil ingni sebaic co forgabáil ingne griúin ar cach n-aí LU 6552 (= forgobail, TBC-I¹ 2036 ). TBC-LL¹ 2725 . Holding fast, keeping back: lie forgabail aru fual constriction RC xii 90 . Of a dam: do sgaoil ar in sruth ┐ ro ḟosgail an ḟorgabail , TBC-LL¹ 3888 St. co hionadh na forgabala, 3878 St (preparations for launching the Gae Bolga).

(b) in Laws forcible or illegal seizure, esp. of exacting a due already paid: ina gabail etechta no ina forgabail (.i. firgabail uimpi dar gellaib ┐ dar airgib), Laws i 90.29 ; cf. i ngabail aithgabala ettechta no inna forngabail , Ir. Recht p. 9 (`Zurückbehalten'). athgabail tar cert a forrngabail, Laws v 256 . is i a forngabail cach athgabala ... cin dia ruicter a breith ... do imluad aitherrach ib. forngabail, O'Dav. 958 . cin gaiti ... ó biudbuidh ina forngabail do fechemuin ina breth tar crich ` recapturing ' Laws i 222.14 Comm. cf. ii 76.22ff. Comm . For ma forngabhaid, ma forngabadh, Laws i 220 the MS ( H 3.17, c. 83 ) has ina forngab- which prob. should be read forngabáil as in Laws i 222.9 , 14 , where MS has same suspension. ar dofuslaicthi fīr cach forrgabail .i. fuaslaicter a firgabail on tī bīs oc gabail ime co inndligthech , H 3.18, 233a17 .

(c) in wider sense seizing by force, capturing: ferann creiche ... ┐ forgabhala, Cog. 40.24 ; 70.7 . la forgabhala Briain `in addition to the capture of B.' AU iii 342 [but the form is either gen. or pl.; leg lá f.¤ ?]. As allegor. npr. m.: Forgabail (one of `sē maccu Mīenich') RC xxiv 280 § 20 = Forngabhail, Anecd. ii 63 (hence, prob.: fornghabhail .i. cruas, O'Cl.).

II Of a method of spear-throwing: fosceirdside issa tír súas in slig, ┐ a mmíl inna tháeb. léciud ón co forgabail, [i.e.] cenéle n-imberta gaiscid, co lluid tarsin tlacht ... ┐ tresin léine baí im A., LL 250b8 ( TBFr. § 18 ).

Cf. 1 forgab.

1 in

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 in or dil.ie/28194
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Forms: int, -nt, -(s)int, int, na, inna, inna, in, -n, ind, in, ind, int, ind, int, int, ind, s-, -ss-, ocin(d), immin, immun, indá, dundaib, -b, -b, inna, na, na, in, in, na, ind, in, int, inna, na, a n-, a, a, -(s)naib, -(s)na, -d, na, inna, in, ind, an, an t-, in, int, ind, ind, a n-, in, mbúaid, a, in, ind, in, in, na, inna, inda, ind, indá, inna, na, inna, na, na, inna, na, ina, inna, na, in, -n, in, in, in, in, in, in, in, isin, isin, ind, na, in, in, na, na, na, in, in, na, na, na, an, na, ind

def. art. the. See GOI § 467 ff . Zeuss pp. 210 - 217 . Paradigm in O.Ir. Masc. Fem. Neut. Sing. N. in, int ind', in', int a n- A. in n-, -(s)in n- in n-, -(s)in n- a n-, -(s)a n- G. ind', in', int inna, na ind', in', int D. in' -(s)ind', ind', -(s)ind', in', ind', int, -(s)in', -(s)int, -(s)in', -nd', -n' -(s)ind', -(s)in', -nd', -n', -nt -(s)int, -nd', -n', -nt Plur. N. ind', in', int inna, na inna, na A. inna, na, -(s)na G. inna n-, na n- for all genders D. -(s)naib

The forms int, -nt, -(s)int are used before ṡ, except int of n s. masc. which occurs before vowels.

The forms na, inna g s. fem., n p. fem. and neut., and a p. of all genders, geminate follg. consonants and prefix h to vowels (but this h is very rarely written in O.Ir. Cf., however, inna hirise, Sg. 209b24 ).

Before the dual the art. always has the form in, -n except ind da la, Thes. ii 33.21 (Bv.).

The dat. forms without preposition, in, ind, int, occur in the formation of advv., see II (a) below.

Irregularities are not uncommon, e.g. ind for int, int for ind, etc. See Strachan, ZCP iv 62 - 3 and Zeuss, loc. cit.

The original initial s- appears only in the dat. and acc. after prepositions which originally ended in a consonant, with which it unites to produce -ss-, e.g. cossin n-óin, Wb. 2a21 . isin anmim, 9c30 . The s- does not remain after OC though this does not lenite a follg. subst. TRE lenites a subst. but the s- of the art. remains, perhaps through analogy. After FOR, which did not originally lenite, occur forms both with and without -s-, those with -s- being the more usual: forsin dígail, Wb. 1d2 . fornaib gnímaib, 5a5 . After prepositions originally and in O.Ir. ending in vowels both the initial s- and the vowel of the article are lost: ón bunud, Sg. 33b2 . dind insci, Wb. 5c16 . dont lathur, ib. With OC occur ocin(d) (so always in Wb.) and ocon(d); with IMM, immin and immun.

In medial position -nd- had become -nn- by the O.Ir. period but in a few archaic examples, -nd- is written: indá érrend gl. stigmata, Wb. 20d5 (a prima manu). inda fodb gl. exuias, Thes. ii 47.24 (see Thurneysen, ZCP iii 53 ). dundaib abstolaib, Thes. ii 247.12 (Camb.). dendibh Airgiallaib, AU i 178.8 (A.D. 726) . After prepositions the -n- is single even between vowels: cosnaib, frisna, donaib.

Occasionally even in the O.Ir. glosses the first syllable of the dissyllabic form is dropped, and this becomes the rule later: na teora persana, Wb. 9c30 . na cétne tuisten, 21b4 . na cetnae rainne, Sg. 18b1 . For other exx. see below. In the follg. instances from Sg., in (acc.) seems to have dropped out after -r and before a numeral, leaving an eclipsing n. etar ṅdi rainn `between the two parts,' Sg. 2b2 . etar ṅdá n-ulla , 45b19 . far n-óeṅdeilb `according to the same paradigm,' 90b2 . for n-óin ṅdeilb, 201b6 .

The forms in -d (ind, -sind, -nd) remain only before vowels and before lenited f, r, l, n and, in Wb., sometimes also before lenited m and b.

In forms such as dinab fochidib, Wb. 11b4 , dinab gabalib, 13d33 , arnab uilib cumactib, 21a13 , the quality of the final -b of the article is assimilated to that of the following initial. d p. forms without the final -b developed from such examples as donaballaib, Wb. 12b2 , huana fochaidib, Ml. 54a18 , hona mainénaib, 69c5 , where the final of the article became assimilated to a following initial labial. These forms, however, are still infrequent in the O.Ir. period. Three times in the glosses the n p. fem. and neut. form occurs as masc.: inna leomain, Ml. 80a10 . na tri recte, Wb. 29a16 . na sothe, Sg. 64a14 (see GOI § 309 ).

The art. is regularly sg. before collectives and personal numerals.

When an ordinal numeral adj. follows the art., in the older texts the inflection is regular: na dechmaide bliadna, IT iii 54 § 99. inna treisi dūalchae, ZCP iii 25.35 (but see 2 tress). inna cōicthe dūalche, 26.26 ; but later it varied, the masc. form of the art. being somet. used before a fem. noun: n s f. in ochtmad taidbsi, PH 6716 ; but cf. in cethramad taidbsi, 6702 . is í so in t-ochtmad plāg, 7653 . g s f. na hochtmadi oesi, 3582 . i gcionn an treas bliadhna, Keat. iii 1919.

The chief changes occurring in the form of the article in Mid.Ir. are

(i) The n p. masc. forms ind, in, int gradually disappear and are replaced by the forms common to the fem. and neut., inna, na.

(ii) By 1000 A.D., a n- in the n s. and a s. neut. has virtually disappeared, the only certain examples in SR being: a lleth n-aill, SR 5152 , a mbé, 5974 (see Strachan, Phil. Soc. Trans. p. 7 ).

(iii) -(s)naib in the d p. gives way to -(s)na.

(iv) the -d forms are less common.

(v) the monosyllabic na tends to displace inna.

In Mod. Ir. in, ind > an, an t-.

I Forms (divided into (a) forms from O.Ir. glosses, (b) forms from other texts).

Sing.

nom.

masc.

(a) in fer, Wb. 22c9 . in corp, Ml. 22d9 . in ball, Wb. 12b11 . in senduine, 27b8 . int athir, 4b13 .

(b) int othrus, Críth G. 47. in sluag, LU 4563. in t-ara, 4507 . in cing, 347 . in fer, PH 92. in t-espuc, 25 . in slog, 7237 . an samhradh, TSh. 6345. an t-adhaltrach, 6482 . an ciste, 2951 .

fem.

(a) ind leire, Wb. 13d15 . ind nóibe, 9c30 . ind rún, Ml. 45a3 . ind fáilte, Wb. 16b2 . in fírinne, 9c30 . ind almsan, 17a3 . in ben, 22c9 . ind bendacht, 19b15 . in tol, Ml. 18c9 . in chiall, Sg. 27a8 . int ṡillab, 25a1 . cf. ind sillab, 26a4 .

(b) ind ḟlaith, Críth G. 573. ind ingen, LU 4525. ind rígan, 5205 . ind lánamain, 5403 . in tslige, 5077 . inn orcuin, BDD² 493. ind aimser, PH 5032. in eclais, 86 . in tslanti, 275 . in rīghan, ML² 45. an aislinge, 69 . an chiall, TSh. 985.

neut.

(a) a n-accobor, Wb. 3d3 . a mbás, 15b28 . a teg n-oiged, 4a7 . a ndede n-isiu, Ml. 62c3 . a laithe, 21c3 . a folad, Sg. 3a2 . a rrind, 70b7 . a nnu-iedniss, Wb. 15b2 .

(b) a n-ag, LL 112b31 (Sc.MMD). a n-ude, LU 4866. a llá-sa, 5039 . in laa, 5057 . a llathe, 9743 . a n-ainm, 6182 . in n-écosc, PH 6442. a sessed ngrad, 6246 . (Cf. in t-ochtmad grad, 6251 ). in ainm, 672 . in iach-lind, 381 . in ní, 897 . ind ni, 5251 . an ni, 6194 .

Acc.

masc. and fem.

(a) frissin popul, Ml. 46b26 . trisin recht, 46c20 . in digail, 40c3 . in soscéle, Wb. 18c10 . frisin n-iarfaigid, Ml. 20c9 . in n-almsin, Wb. 16d7 . tresin n-aimsir, Sg. 188a26 .

(b) fón slóg, LU 4654. lasin n-íngin, 4522 . in domon ndron, 3566 . in mbelra, PH 2619. frisin ṅdeilb, 125 . in anmain, 2068 . romolsadar in t-ardrīg, ZCP v 25 § 10. ro gab naire in t-airdrigh, Stair Erc. 1135. gurab é Dia ... do-rinne an bás, TSh. 1052. an cheist, 2855 .

neut.

(a) a mbúaid , Wb. 11a6 . tresa n-acomol, Sg. 32a8 . trissa ndede-se, Ml. 123c5 . cossa laa-sa, Wb. 23a17 .

(b) isa tír, Imr. Brain § 62. a fér, LU 4733. lasa comérge, 4880 . isin n-ármag, 4943 . issa sudiu, 9080 . isi[n] sudi, 9082 . in n-aicned doennai, PH 179. in mboimm, 2373 .

Gen.

masc. and neut.

(a) in betho, Wb. 1a3 . in cháich, 2b11 . ind lóge, 3c1 . ind rechto, 15a34 . ind fir, 13a12 . ind ḟolaid, Sg. 28b19 . ind apstail, Ml. 26a2 . int soirtha, 46b26 . (cf. ind senduini, Wb. 27b8 . ind ṡrotho, Sg. 35b7 ). int srotho, Ml. 93b11 . in tairmchrutto, Wb. 15b6 .

(b) in muilt, Críth G. 73. in tairb, LU 4610. in chon, 5013 . in pheta eóin, 5289 . ind ríg, 4757 . in rothclessa, 8844 . ind laí, 4858 . in locha, 9098 . ind athig, 4684 . ind fir, 4765 . in tṡeuin, 4508 . ind rig, PH 4365. an fhir, 1177 . in apstail, 1991 . ind ecraibthig, 6062 . ind imdibe, 5652 . in t-sacairt, 2508 . in slaníceda, 5146 . an fhedhma, ML² 20 . ind fhir, TTebe 1544 . and fhir, 2433 . inn eich, 2278 . en foulachtae, CMT² 60 § 133 . an bhrátha, TSh. 1014. an tsein-reachta, 404 .

fem.

(a) inna deacte, Wb. 5c16 . inna flaithemnachtae, Sg. 2a1 . inna aidche, Ml. 21c3 . na aimsire, Sg. 188a28 . inna hirise, 209b24 .

(b) na llongsi, IT i 77.3 . na mmucci, LL 112b43 ( ScM. § 8 ). inna conaire, LU 4710. na glassi, 4797 . na haidche, 9058 . ina óidche, PH 1490. na hindsci, 6213 . na colna, TSh. 947. na haithne, 1009 .

Dat. m., f. and n.

(a) isin chétne tuiste, Wb. 1a1 . forsind immarmus, 1d2 . dind fiur, 22c9 . dind failti, Ml. 21c3 . isin anmim, Wb. 9c30 . huant firinni, Ml. 57d8 . isind laithiu, 21c3 . dont lathur, Wb. 5c16 . isint saltair, Ml. 23c19 . isind salm, 50d4 . isin biuth, Wb. 12c16 . dind béstatu, 5c16 . don duini, 4b3 . dond macc, 7c13 .

(b) don chath, LU 4557. isin phupull, 4620 . iarsind frecra, 4772 . don tslúag, 4570 . don ṡlúag, 4748 . dond ríg, BDD² 99. don ríg, 85 . asind aimsir, PH 4928. isin eclais, 3181 . don tsacart, 3140 . assin sinagoig, 110 . asind lucc, 4099 . donn ītadhach, ZCP viii 215 § 75. don fhíréan, TSh. 1146. don pheacthach, 1137 . don tsaidhbhir, 954 . san bhioth, 832 . (cf. san mbioth, 837 . san Sabboit, 4114 ).

Plur.

nom.

masc.

(a) in phreceptori, Wb. 5a2 . in chnamai, Ml. 22d7 . in pecthaig, 55d11 . ind rig, 85d10 . ind apstail, 42b7 . ind fir, Wb. 5a5 . ind ḟilid, Sg. 162a3 . int soirthi, Ml. 19b11 . inna leomain, 80a10 . na tri recte, Wb. 29a16 .

(b) na trí maccáin, Fél. Aug. 2. inna druing-sea, Fél. Ep. 285. (All other examples in Fél. follow strict O. Ir. paradigm, Stokes). inda sacairt, Mon. Tall. 134.11 . in doíni, TBFr. 55. na doíni, 306 . in maic, LU 4900. ind eich, 4733 . na heich, 5070 . in tṡlóig, 4609 . inn óicc, BDD² 896. na heóin, 142 . ind eolaig, PH 7313. in augtair, 6944 . na noim, 3649 . na hapstail, 1826 . inda hapstail, 5371 . ind apstail, 6720 . ind ēcis uile, Anecd. iv 93.10 (Corm.). na tri coicait, LL 114a29 ( ScM. § 21b ). na trenmilid, TTebe 4478 . na cinn, TSh. 73. na haidhmillte, 6088 .

fem. and neut.

(a) indá érrend (gl. stigmata), Wb. 20d5 (a prima manu). inna briathra, Ml. 22c5 . inna ancride, 27b15 . inna anmmann, Sg. 28b18 .

(b) na tigi, IT i 74.7 . inna buidne, LU 4685. na bai, 5398 . na cenna, 4806 . na mna, PH 4997. na créachta, TSh. 1013.

Acc. m. f. and n.

(a) inna fíraingliu, Wb. 9c10 . frisna preceptori, 14d37 . lasna fileda, Sg. 63b4 . na rúna, Wb. 12c11 . lasna anmmann, Sg. 51b10 .

(b) na firu, LU 4626. inna heonu, 5159 . inna echraidí, 4712 . na pecdachdu, PH 3619. na briathra, 3660 . na cóic ṡéotu, Críth G. 162. inna .vii. sa, 307 . na teasta, TSh. 6771.

Gen. m. f. and n.

(a) inna ndóine, Wb. 5c16 . inna fer, 7c8 . inna mban, 22c10 . na n-abstal, 18d14 . na sacardd, Sg. 54a11 . na conson, 9a19 . na forcetal, Wb. 16a12 . inna rrath, 15c3 .

(b) ina ndescipul, Hib. Min. 54. inna muccaide, LU 4670. na nGalión, 4648 . na fíren, PH 437. na ḟer (sic leg.), 1017 . na mbeo, 3648 . na n-ilberla, 5484 . airdena ana cóic la ndéc ria mBrath, RC xxviii 310 § 1. inna fer, TTebe 1845 . na n-ánrad, 951 . na bpeacthach, TSh. 991. na sácramainteadh, 1561 .

Dat. m. f. and n.

(a) donaib ballaib, Wb. 7d14 . donaballaib ailib, 12b2 . arnab uilib cumactib, 21a13 . dinaib fochaidib, Ml. 19b11 . isnaib consonaib, Sg. 9a22 . donab huilib doinib, 189b9 . forsna huilib remṡuidigthib, 212a13 . ocnafothaircthib palnacdib, 217a4 . honai gabalaib, Ml. 54b25 . donab nemindithib, Thes. ii 33.28 (Bv.).

(b) oconaibh insibh, AU 851. donaib Galionaib, LU 4659. dinib collaib, 4937 . dona druídib, 5061 . dina lecaib, 5889 (H). forna bochtaib, PH 3603. dona noemaib, 3620 . donaib maithib ┐ dona holcaib, Ériu iii 2.13 . fornaib coic cathrachuib, ii 140.5 . dona hōgaib, ML² 173. dona daoinibh, TSh. 968. arna heasbadhaibh, 973 .

Dual.

(a) In the O.Ir. glosses, before the dual, the art. always has the form in, -n: Nom. m. in da fersin, Ml. 58a11 . f. in di bai, 2b11 . n. in da n-ainm, 34d6 . Acc. m. in da airdigtha, Sg. 77a8 . f. etir in dí ṡillaib, 59a17 . Gen. m. cechtar in da popul, Ml. 46b30 . n. cechtar in da leithe, Sg. 25b6 . Dat. f. isin dib bliadnib, Thes. ii 30.35 (Bcr.). n. isin dib desmrechtaib-so, Ml. 114b1 . ( ind da la occurs in the Vienna Beda, Thes. ii 33.21 .).

(b) Later the art. preceding the dual is sometimes na, but in remains more common: in dá erred (g.), LU 8057. na dá ech (a.), 8590 . na da ban (g.), 8375 . na dá Maine (n.), BDD² 106. in da gilla chétna (a.), TBC-LL¹ 677. túath in dá Maine (g.), BDD² 210. na da ánrath ┐ na da rind n-agha (n.), TTr.² 583. na dá n-ug n-urchoidech (g.), MR 110.4 . na dá neirrech (g.), Laws iv 336.16 . an dā rīg (na, v.l.) (n.), ML² 776. asna dib berlaib, Lec. 167d31 . don da thóisech, Ériu v 152.126 .

II Article used in formation of adverbs ( GOI § 251.3 and § 379 , § 382 . Zeuss 608 - 9 ).

(a) When nouns of time and manner are used adverbially in the dat. sg., they may be preceded by the article, e.g. in chruth as coir, Wb. 7b1 . in chruth sin, 7d16 . ind echt sa, 3a7 ; but cf. cruth ro pridchissem, 24c17 . inni rombatar riam hí tempul, Ml. 62b2 .

(b) In O. and Mid. Ir. the article (but see alternative explanation, GOI § 379 ) was used with an adj. in the dat. sing. neut. and with some participles in -de to form an adverb. The follg. list is illustrative only: in biucc gl. paulatim, Sg. 12b1 . in mór, Wb. 14b21 . in már gl. adeo, Sg. 8a2 . in deurb ` certainly ,' Ml. 70b2 . ind fír ` truly ,' Wb. 14c32 . ind ḟír, Sg. 106a5 . in demin gl. quidem, Ml. 37a13 . int soer gl. libere, 31b18 . int sainriud, 54a22 . in chomocus ` nearby ,' Sg. 188a19 . ind imdu gl. passim, Ml. 35b5 . in fortgidiu ` covertly ,' 30a3 . in chlidiu, 50c13 . in chotarsnu gl. e contrario, Sg. 17b9 . ind ulcc male, Hib. Min. 432. ind infholach secretly , PH 6085. in infholuch, 7998 . In a few exx. the form of the adj. is that of the nom.: ind utmall, Wb. 26b10 (but this form may also have been used for dat.). in madae, 19d16 . ind immdae, Sg. 26a5 . Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii § 419 explains this as being due to the similarity of nom. and dat. masc. and neut. forms in some adjj. Cf. also: in tsainrethaig, LU 5514.

With compar. and superl. of adjj. to form comparative advv.: ind ichtarchu gl. inferius, Ml. 24d30 . int serbu gl. amarius, 24c10 . in máam gl. primum, Wb. 1c20 . ind luindiu gl. commotius, Ml. 32d1 . ind feliu gl. uericondius, 58b1 . ind lugu gl. minus, 123c12 . in mó ┐ in mó, Trip.² 2108 , 2628 . in mor-mo, PH 3369 , 3605 . See GOI § 382.

(c) In the case of adjj. in -d(a)e (except imdae) and participles in -th(a)e (but see in fortgidiu, in chlidiu, above), instead of the dative a form in -id, -ith combines with the art. to form the adv. A few instances also occur of advv. formed in this way from substantives. From adjj.: in doracdid `in the Doric fashion,' Sg. 204b9 . in chorpdid gl. corporaliter, Wb. 27a12 . ind óindid once , Ml. 29a3 . int slanidid ` salutarily ,' 71a1 . in tuailngigthid ` deigningly ,' 78c1 . ind inchlidid gl. latenter, 100c7 . in tuasailcthid ` absolutely ,' 32d5 . From substt.: in mesid (<mess) gl. iudicialiter, Ml. 51c21 . ind frithoircnid (<frithorcun) ` offensively ,' 127c23 . in diglaid (<dígal) gl. ulciscenter, 62d3 . ind áirmith (<árim) ` numerically ,' Sg. 27a17 .

III Usage.

The article is always proclitic and is used before a substantive to express the definite character of that substantive unless this is already apparent either from the nature of the substantive itself, as in the case of proper names, or from some accompanying defining word or phrase, e.g. when the substantive is followed by a definite genitive, or preceded by a possessive adjective.

A Exx. of the ordinary use of def. art.: accaldam auctor ind recto `an address to the teachers of the Law,' Wb. 3c4 . risiu rocloammar in fogur `before we hear the sound,' Ml. 112b12 . intan labratar ind ḟilid `when the poets speak,' Sg. 162a3 . oc déscin na macraide, LU 4859. in trénfir ┐ ind láith gaile, 8104 . an cúigeadh cinéal, na mairtírigh, TSh. 4842. In: amal in scrissid .i. amal in n-altain n-áith `as a scraper i.e., as a sharp razor,' Ml. 72b8 , translate: as the scraper etc., regarding it as a type of instrument rather than a single instrument of its kind?

The article is used

(a) in the sense of each, every, also a single in such phrases as: ced fan fer, Stair Erc. 1471. 1532 . berad-sa anam a flaithess duit a n-agaidh an ruainde da fuil ad brat `for every thread in thy cloak,' BCC 358.14 . is assu duinni in fer cech laí andás a cét cach n-aidchi one man every day, LU 5622.

(b) sometimes with cách, when this is followed by a relative clause: ní lat in cách forsa mmitter `not thine is everyone on whom thou passest judgment,' Wb. 6b22 . úar in cách dodechaid úad, Trip.² 1198. congnamh lásan ccách nó chathaighfeadh dar cenn an chreidimh, AFM vi 2290.22 .

(c) with oen-, intensifying the idea of singleness: nabīd D. fut ind ṡamlāi oc breith na hēnbrethi `giving a single judgment,' ZCP xiii 179.1 . con-accai ni ... .i. in n-aenmnái for fertais in charpait, TBC-LL¹ 202. hespach do neoch a thríall acht dond oen ḟialluch, 415 .

(d) in speaking of two things (cf. Fr. l'un, Germ. der eine): focherded a líathróit ┐ focherded a loirg ... Níbo moo in band oldas a chéle one stroke was not greater than the other, LU 5006. timchillid a teach ón dorus colaile, RC xxiv 145.14 . dā ṡenrand ... dun rand díb ... don rund aile, Fianaig. 48 § 14 , § 15 .

(e) frequently, and particularly after verbs of seeing, before a noun which is logically indefinite to draw attention to it and to render the narrative more vivid (for an alternative explanation see GOI § 470 ): co facatar in tsentuinne they saw an old woman, Corm. Y 1059.43 . co n-acca ara chind in fer ┐ leth a chind fair, LU 4933. co n-aca Cú in n-ócben cuchi, 6082 . co n-acca in tech find, MacCongl. 67.12 . co n-accas na trí coícait ban co n-inaraib corcraib, TBFr. 258. rataiges in triar marcach dochom in tige, LU 6779. is and dosnarraid in fer máeldub, 6820 . doringni in mac bec in tres gním `eine dritte That,' TBC-LL¹ 1068. duscōtar īarum condusrulai isin mag n-ālaind co n-acatar an rīghrāith isin [maig], ZCP iii 459.18 . is iarum bert in Liath Macha na tri dergruathra, RC iii 181.36 .

(f) before nouns followed by the demonstratives so, sin, tall, ucut: in chrud sin, Wb. 13a6 . tarsin corp sin 15c16 . in teintide tall, ZCP v 25 § 7. isin tsalm tall, Ml. 58a11 . don mac so, BDD² 107. in tan sin, 130 . in triar ucut, 295 .

B The article is not usually used before

(a) personal names. In O. Ir. names of individuals take the article only when they are qualified by an adj. or a demonstrative, or when used as common nouns (e.g. á ṅIacob the name Jacob, Ml. 34d6 ): ol Duaid, Ml. 95d7 . mad la Cirine `according to Jerome,' 74d13 . ho Isaác, Wb. 4c7 . for érlam Patraic, Thes. ii 305.5 ; but: in Scip Emelendae gl. Emilianus Scipio Sg. 31a2 . in Caesar Octauienda gl. Octauianus Caesar, 31a3 . in Fiac sin, Thes. ii 307.3 . co tech in Dubthaig sin, ib. 9 . Exceptionally: Nabál sin slebi Carmil, SR 6307. In Mid. Ir. it is somet. used with anaphoric force: a n-Inis meic Uchen robai in Gartnan, Anecd. i 1.3 . in Cathal, MacCongl. 41.28 . iman Mormael, Ériu xii 190 § 23. do marbsad in tEochaid andsin, ZCP viii 274.13 . ba rí hi Temair in Fīachu Sraptine amal adrubrumar, 317.16 .

(b) place-names: i Corint, Wb. 14b5 . i nEgipt, Ml. 88a12 . téicht do Róim, Thes. ii 296.3 . co nōgaib Hérenn, 306.1 ; but: ind Róm fil hí Constantinopoil ... inna Rómae, Sg. 174a1 . In Mid. Ir. the article became more common particularly before a noun in the genitive, but the omission of the article was still much more frequent than its use: ind Eriu, LU 4042. íar sligi na Temrach, BDD² 131. do Themraig, 149 . fonaidm ṅgíall Temrach, 164 . sethnu na Hérind, 608 . i tír Hérend, 690 . i nOenuch na Crúachna, LU 2888. hi cathair Cruachna, 2886 . isin Taltin, 2894 . hi Taltin, 2896 . In Mod. Ir. some geographical names regularly take the article, e.g. an Fhrainnc, an Spáinn. Others sometimes take the article, but in the gen. only: Éire, i nÉirinn, tír na hÉireann. Alba, muinntear na hAlban; but cf. lucht cuarta Éireann, Dáil Éireann (Dinneen, s.v. Éire).

(c) names of peoples and patronymics: arindí atrebat Romáin and, Sg. 33a11 . atrebat Laitnóri and, 14 . di Romanaib, 33a10 . Romoldai, 31b4 . la Ebreu, Ml. 26c1 . di Iudéib, Wb. 27d4 . fri Saxanu, Críth G. 523. la hUltu, BDD² 977. do ríg Rómán, LU 6389 ; but: ind Romain, Sg. 31b5 . int Ṡabindai, 28a10 . forsna Egiptacdu, Ml. 96c11 . do choscc inna nIsrahélde, Wb. 5a16 . na nDéisi, Thes. ii 297.5 . in Galióin, LU 4656. co tríchait chét na nGalión, 4648 . The absence of the article would seem to be the earlier usage, cf. la Féniu (a phrase common throughout the law-tracts), Críth G. 125. chórus Féne, 588 .

(d) nouns that refer to things of which there is one only, or one outstanding example (these nouns approach in meaning to proper names): is samlid dano gniith demun, Wb. 21b2 . amal indocbáil dáe, 21a10 . as tualang deacht todiusgud Crist `the Godhead,' 13c15 . i tempul, 26a8 . hi fudumnaib talman, Ml. 40d16 . di chosecrad tabernacuil, 48b11 . gein maicc hua athair `the birth of the Son from the Father,' 85b11 . conapad firdía mac `that the Son should not be true God,' 21c12 . amal as toisegiu grián indáas laithe, 85b11 . o hescgu co grein, SR 113. o thosuch domuin, 517 . dochuaid diliu don domon, 2592 . co lluid trít co talmain, LU 5767. do diabul, PH 4889. nī dlig sāire ... i tūaith nā i n-eclais amongst the laity or in the church, Ériu i 218 § 2. roaithbeōaig Cairbri ō marbaib from the dead, ACL iii 225.v . Siuir agus Máigh ag gréin dá ngeimhliughadh, DDána 109 § 11. for fairgi, Corm. Y 1059.14 . fri tīr, ib. 15 . slánaigh le hóigh t'oileamhain `make good to the Virgin her nursing of Thee,' Aithd. D. 67 § 26.

Here belong the names of parts of the body: ho giun et ... hi cridiu, Wb. 5d14 . ind foisitiu i ngiun `the confession in the mouth,' 4d33 . a n-asberid hó bélib, 7d10 . a lleth o laim deiss `the half from the right hand,' Sg. 17b2 . risiu rocloammar in fogur hua chluasaib with the ears, Ml. 112b12 . anuas co imlind, LU 5780 ; but cf. intan citambí ind lám in terochraic, Ml. 36b1 . in geno gl. oris, 82c5 .

(e) a noun occurring in apposition to a proper name as a sobriquet: for Lomnae Drúth, BDD² 705. Suibne Geilt, Thes. ii 294.10 . for Tamun drúth, LU 6670. Cauland cerdd, 4975 . aided Redg cáinte, 5803 .

(f) the names of abstract ideas, virtues, vices, etc.; nachin rogba úall `that pride may not seize us,' Wb. 15d40 . is asse dúib maid do denum, 4a4 . inne maith ł uilcc, Sg. 39a32 . nephdenum neich di ulc fri nech dogní olc frit, Ml. 23c20 . dechair eter olcc is maith, SR 1255. erig, ... córu achāch duit mormenma, TBC-LL¹ 3978. ni rabi a samail ... ar maisse ┐ míne ┐ mórdacht, TTr. 621. ní fhuil nert agud gun techt lium, ZCP vi 48.12 . na ndenad (leg. denad) uaill na diumus, PH 4255. Exx. with the article are: ind huall gl. arrogantia, Ml. 51a11 . gl. elatio, 28a1 . frisin noibi ┐ in glaini, 98d2 . ised a nnert foirbthe imgabail cech huilc this is perfect virtue, 35d14 . immeradi a n-olc, 33d2 . a mundit[i]a .i. ōn gloine, Corm. Y 900. attach inísel ... tairnid in díumus `superbiam excludit,' PH 8035. sanntaiged in rig ... in fírinde, 4254 . ro coimnertaigiss an coir `thou hast strengthened justice,' Stair Erc. 429.

(g) a subst. followed by a definite genitive. (The article is used when the gen. is attributive rather than defining, e.g. á cenele ndoine, Wb. 5c16 . a llaa mbrithemnacte sin, 6b26 . forsa cenélae metir sin, Sg. 8a13 . in Briccriu Conaill Chernaig (name of a shield), BDD² 977. in Brug mna Elcmair, Ériu viii 175.9 . an Iodh Morainn, Keat. ii 3659. as an gCraoibh Dheirg Chonchubhair, ib. 3086 ).

The gen. is a proper name: ar iriss Crist, Wb. 25a10 . di doiri Babelon, Ml. 46b26 . ó Thuind Clidnai, BDD² 1087. la firu Hérenn, 123 ; or approaches in meaning to a proper name: precept soscéli, Wb. 1b10 . Exceptions are rare: in tṡlóig Herend, LU 4609. gol mo matharsa so ┐ na mban mBoine, TBFr. App. § 20 (= ... ┐ bantrochta Boínni, text).

The gen. is preceded by the def. art.: ar meinci inna indithme, Ml. 85d1 . ardlathi in betho, Wb. 1a3 . dar cenn ind Iudidi, 2a4 . tri hiris in cháich, 2b11 . fri bás inna clóen, Thes. ii 320.1 . for lorg in tslóig, LU 4782. lucht in baile, PH 49. In O. Ir. there are a great many exceptions to this rule but in Mid. Ir., comparatively few, and fewer still in Early Mod. Ir.: inna ndánae in spirito, Wb. 21c2 . in pian inna diglae, Ml. 28c19 . din chamull in diumsa, Tur. 60. in dluthe ind flechuid, Ml. 81c8 . in dán inna litredachte, Sg. 33a28 . an fír-thsochraidecht an bethadh suthain, Ir. Lit. 26.18 . leth in orba in athar, Laws iv 46.24 Comm. in prīm-cathraig mōrglain ... in dúnaid, MacCongl. 87.27 . an dara cuing an catha, Irish Texts ii 9 § 24. issind aurlaind in dúine, TBFr. 60. isin sinagoig moir na nEbraide, PH 48. na cuic cuicidh na hEirenn, ZCP xi 43 § 31. oc saigid na cána in domnaig, Ériu ii 208.15 . in mér medhon na láime clí, O'Gr. Cat. 270.29. in fer na tocla, TTebe 1601 . ingen in rig na nEberda, 4645 . In PH there are two cases where this rule does not apply (a) when the governing noun has a demonstrative suffix ¤sa or ¤sin, (b) when it is defined by an ordinal. Exx. (a) na scéla-sin in aingil, PH 2975. in rath-sa na n-ilberla, 5484 . cf. O. Ir.: don dlúim máir sin inna pecthach, Wb. 9d5 . in gnim sin in tengad, Ml. 31b24 . (b) in cetna mís na bliadna, PH 3516. isin tress uair ina óidche, 1490 . In TTebe, s.v. in , Calder notes that while a few instances of the double use of the article occur this is especially the case when the governed noun is followed by sin. The use of the double article when the governing noun is defined by an ordinal though very common is not invariable: cosin tres mac imlesan na hoensúla, BDD² 641. in treas rann sesgat ind uile, Laws ii 370.21 - 22 Comm. an tres gaisgedach na Tiabanda, TTebe 4879 ; but cf.: dorumalt Moisi ... | ann tresraind a aimsire, SR 3784. tres ṅdírime na tána, TBC-LL¹ 2656. i tres boin in brugad, Laws v 402.7 Comm.

The gen. is preceded by a possessive adj.: di foirbthetu for nirisse, Wb. 1a9 . lóg a pecthe, 1c3 . do thudidin do menman, 1c15 . do ind a oenláime, TBC-LL¹ 676. lín a teglaich, TBFr. 8. Exception: lasin flaith far mbretha ifos, SR 1215.

The gen. is defined by cech (Mid. Ir. cach), nach: du thuistin cech dulo, Ml. 85b16 . imfolang nach gnima, 80d2 . tri thesbaid naich baill, Sg. 5a5 . fo cosmailis nacha cat[h]rach, Hib. Min. 219. céol cach ḟir, LL 207a18 . cend cech ḟir díb, TBC-LL¹ 682. i tossuch cach dúnaid, 571 .

The gen. is defined by a further definite genitive: ó soilsi deachte Crist, Wb. 26a17 . irchre fla[tho] Román, 26a5 . co maithib fer nÉrenn, BDD² 1441. An exception is: dar fíartharsna in dunaid fer nÉrend, LU 6291.

C The article is optional before an ordinal adjective: isin chétne tuiste, Wb. 1a1 . cetnae accuis inso `this is the first cause,' Ml. 118d12 . co nómád n-aó `to the ninth generation,' Críth G. 327. cetna gnim gnisset, SR 4197. cethramad gnim, 4209 . (The omissions in SR are necessitated by the metre). Cf. in chethramad accuis, Ml. 118d18 . ón chétna duini, SR 7889. in tres gnim, 4205 . Cf. ll. 83 ff. col. 183 above.

D As a rule substantives defined by a relative sentence take the art. unless they are preceded by is é, conid é, is inunn, etc. (However, before words like airm, baile used adverbially the article is omitted: ría ríg Hérenn airm hi foí, BDD² 488. co ránic na díberga baili i rabatar, 647 . tancattar na hingena airm a mbói Hiruath, PH 905. bail hita a athair, 1380 ): dund óis nad chaithi cach tuari, Wb. 6c11 . a forcell doberam, 25d21 . isind huiliu labramar-ni, Ml. 31b23 (exceptionally: ra mbía ... carpat bas dech bess i n-Aii, LU 5587 ); but: is hé cruth inso áem no-s-messammar, Wb. 9c10 . is inunn chiall isindi as scit ┐ as nōuit , Ml. 114b1 . issí inne fil hi cechtar de, 114b1 . is he titul fil i ndreich ..., Hib. Min. 1. is é óencharpat insin nad foglentais dirmand na hecrada, LU 10177 - 8 . is tú láech as dech fil i nHerind, 5768 . is ed gen n-imarbága fil la firu Hérind, BDD² 1135. is é céadchrann tarla dhó, soileach, Keat. ii 2687. is é áit ar ghabhadar tír, i gCúan an Bhainbh, iii 5055 . is e recht ro buí isin Libia in n-inbuidh sin, Stair Erc. 1101. When the antecedent of the relative sentence is qualified by an ordinal the article sometimes occurs: fá hé Colum ... an céadduine do thógaibh mainistear i n-oiléan Í, Keat. iii 1344. ionnus gurab é an treas fear do chreid ..., ii 5372 . conidh e sin an cedcath do cuir Ercuil, Stair Erc. 966 ; but: gurab é C.C. céaddoctúir do chuaidh, Keat. iii 1347. is si sin cedmainistir caillech ndub ro buí isin Teib, Stair Erc. 890.

1 lín

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 lín or dil.ie/30233

 

n u, n. and m., GOI § 309. Also perh. o, cf. g s. l.¤ , Ériu viii 156.z .

I

(a) full number, complement (in numbers): da ḟer déc ba sed a lín-saide, TBC-LL¹ 4530 . dam ochtair a lin, Dinds. 134 ( RC xvi 141 ). tricha buiden l.¤ Maic Con, Fianaig. 38.1 . co lion a muintire his full following, Leb. Gab.(i) 200.26 . líon a thionóil `in full muster', Aithd. D. 3.8 . Note also: ní tet cuach lan tar a lion a full cup holds not more than its measure, ZCP v 487 § 13.

(b) Followed by gen. of noun or vn. number sufficient to perform particular deed, full complement : l.¤ aigh enough to give battle, Irish Texts ii 62.39 . ni ḟail do slogaib ocut l.¤ t'anacail enough to protect thee, RC xiv 426.25 . lin annlaicthe a filed féin, Irish Texts ii 43 § 23 . líon baisdidh anma ort, Aithd. D. 26.17 . ni thalla impi do lin na sochraidi a tabuirt i tech fer fingaili, Ériu ii 116 § 47 . l.¤ catha enough to give battle (freq.): cen l.¤ catha imbi, LU 4826 . líon catha ón chonair do chuaidh / re homhain sluaigh Lacha Laoigh, L. Cl. A. B. 235.127 . ó nách rabhadar líon catha do Chonn, ML 26.20 . mar do chonncadar na Cruithnigh gan iad féin líon cathuighthe ris, Keat. ii 1779. Cf. nirthá do l.¤ na h-adbor cathugud frisna barbárdu, LL 220a25 ( TTr. 221 ). ní fhuil líon a gcoisgthe go ceannsa no power can subdue them, DDána 111.18 . líon a gcomhairmhe `their full number', Duan. F. ii 68.12 . lin a co[e]mthechta do gres `the full number of his usual retinue', BCrólige 26 . líon coinne `in full muster', Aithd. D. 38.25 . líon creiche ar chách do choimhéad `enough to hold the prey against all', Ériu ix 163.10 . cath móna daire Lothair / co líon cuirthe sufficient number to fight(?), L. Cl. A. B. 17.6 . lion faire meic Muire `sentry-guard', PBocht 12.43 . líon feadhma sufficient number for a feat, L. Cl. A. B. 222.61 . líon gliadh . . / fá Bhrian 'na mbeithribh cróda battle-host, 88.29 . l.¤ a hithi, Celtica iv 24.318 . cath . . . for laechraid Lagen l.¤ orggain (leg. orggan, Ed.), Arch. Hib. ii 61 § 33 . lin a sharaighthe, Ériu ii 130. y . gan líon síoluidhe d'fior / d'fagbháil a nEirinn iodhain sufficient men to propagate, Duan. F. ii 226.20 . l.¤ a trascartha, LU 4990 ( TBC-I¹ 501 ). líon a tógbhála, ML 2.18 . l.¤ a urgabala, TBC-LL¹ 981.

Freq. with vbs. of motion, assembling, etc.: ce tára nech l.¤ a blad / ro bad ferr lim tairisem, LU 3927 ( SCC 44 ). berair he l.¤ a chuimrig ┐ a chométaid a dóchum na Sabrainne `bonds and guards and all', MacCongl. 25.12 . imma-lluid l.¤ catha, Fél. Aug. 23 . dochuaid Aenias in la sin a cend seda lin a choblaigh `with all his fleet', Aen. 2408 . an líon do-chúaidh sibh a sídh, IGT Decl. ex. 1103 . in l.¤ long trá tanic cach tuisech, LL 232b48 ( TTr. 1162 ). dul líon cabhlaigh d'ógbhaidh na Spáinne don Scitia `with a fleetful of the young men of Spain', Keat. ii 637 . luid Liath l.¤ a maccaem, Dinds. 126 ( RC xvi 78 ). luid . . . Cir l.¤ a sluaig cosin Scithia in full force, Rawl. 74b46 . techt . . . l.¤ a ṡloig sa ṡochraide, Cog. 104.z . co tísam l.¤ bas lia, LL 220a29 ( TTr. 223 ).

Preceded by prep. I and poss.: dírim atchiu-so don dun . . . inall.¤ , ZCP iv 34.3 ( RC xxiv 144.13 ).

Used predicatively with substantive vb.: forond l.¤ atám hi Cruachnaib Ai, LU 8621 ( FB 46 ). atám[ai]t-ni . . . d'feruib feruinn agat-sa . . . lín do c[h]ongbala go cend bliadna, Fianaig. 68.19 . ni fhuilim lin tachair daib I have not sufficient numbers to contend with you, TTebe 2145 . o nach raba lin trodai no tecmala do tabairtt do Chondachtaib, Ann. Conn. 1409.7 . o nach raibhe l.¤ tegmhála friu, ALC i 378.20 . gé taoi lín eachtra 'n-a n-éagmhais `though thou art strong enough without them', Aithd. D. 24.18 . teccaid clann R. . . . an líon báttur co cill ch. `with all the troops they had', AFM iii 222.14 . do bhídh oide an airchinnigh / l.¤ troidi do thromchoindimh, IGT Decl. ex. 1199.

II

(a) number in general sense. great number, of persons multitude : Bran . . . co l.¤ glond `with many deeds', Hail Brigit 24 . cía l.¤ , Críth G. 582 . fer . . . / co l.¤ crechta fora chnis, LU 4547 ( TBC-I¹ 58 ). ciá l.¤ ro lá insé / inn úated nó in sochaide, LU 4746 . forland líno, 5657 . l.¤ m-band m-balcbúada, 8289 ( FB 22 ). di cech l.¤ ronalt a húair, Hail Brigit 15 . is ed in lin marb dlomus, Ériu viii 123.10 . fo l.¤ laithe mblíadnae, Fél. Prol. 296 . ní fes ca lin idrocair, Cog. 8.7 . cá l.¤ do marbh mo dalta d'feraibh Érenn, Comp. CC 116.7 . for galaib aenḟir no ar linaib fer forndul in single combat or in battle against great numbers, Ériu i 116.28 . ni guais deit no lat do l.¤ , Irish Texts ii 32 § 11 . dob e ar líon ar tteacht or tticch, / coicer ar ceithri fichtib, ZCP viii 219 § 13 . dobeir bennacht for Patraic / forul a ll.¤ , LU 9489 . is lí sula l.¤ ar slúaig, 10850 ( Ériu xii 180.17 ). cure airdmius . . . tarsin slóg . . . co fessammar l.¤ in tslóig, 4785 . co l.¤ ilach, Fél. Prol. 106. trúag d'Ultaib co l.¤ garta, LU 3544 ( SCC 29 ). ceithri lina isan indsi . . . / óca ogbuith . . . / rigraidh righna, Anecd. i 60 § 80 . agad leigheas go líon gceird `being cured by numerous arts', Duan. F. ii 70 § 15. Cf. ciapa lin ciapa nuaite `whether it be manifold or single', BCrólige 57 .

In chevilles: l.¤ cert, SR 3373 . iar l.¤ chor, Metr. Dinds. ii 54.13 . lin a tuir, SR 4471 . línib sess, 1513 . linaib gal, 1543 . linibh gal, Celt. Rev. x 347.22 . linib glec, ZCP viii 119 § 37 . línib dindgnai, Metr. Dinds. i 132.47 . linibh cuire, AFM i 532.5 . linib la, Ériu xvii 46 § 39.

(b) As quasi-relative as many as (Lat. quot): ind ldín file isund `those who are here', Mon. Tall. 77 . atgníed din died notheche din tich allin nombid con ngalur ann he knew from the smoke which came from the house how many were ill in it, RC iii 344.12 . all.¤ ló fil for cassal do chochaill, all.¤ peccthach do dul dochum nime as many . . . so many, Trip. 398. 23 , 24 . a ll.¤ laa bís issin bliadain issé l.¤ fer no bíd hi tegluch Conchobair, Ériu iv 26.2 .

(c) Legal party: atait secht lina a tuaith toingthi for righ rechtaid, O'Curry 2188 ( Eg. 88, 7a ) = O'D. 1706. See also under III.

III In g du. dá lína of both parties, both : in cumscugud bís hi cechtar da lino `in each of the two', Sg. 162b2 . dus ce da lina no do gella, Laws i 192.14 . cipe dallina inidicoimge `whichever of the two parties commits injury', iv 168.19 . dofuittet tri fichit díb di cechtar dá lína, LU 6667 . gell adcobra cechtar dá lína, 10835 ( TE 9 ). ferthair iomairecc ettorra . . . cechtar da líona, AFM iv 750.18 . Common in phr. díb línaib both, on both sides, etc., see .

Compds. ¤ḟíaclach having many teeth as personal epithet: Lén l. mac Bolgaig, Metr. Dinds. iii 260.18 . Leand Linḟiaclach mac Bainblodha Banna, Anecd. ii 4.6 .

remi-tét

Cite this: eDIL s.v. remi-tét or dil.ie/35066

 

Forms: remitét, diand-remthiasat, remiteised, remthíastais, reme-lluid, remdechutar

v pres. 3 s. remitét, Sg. 17b10 . remi-ta-tét, 197b5 . subj. pr. 3 pl. diand-remthiasat, Wb. 5a32 . subj. impf. 3 s. remiteised, LL 124b24 ( Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 10.15 ). 3 pl. nad remthíastais , LU 6788 ( BDD 32 ). pret. 3 s. reme-lluid , Ml. 132c13 . perf. 3 pl. ní remdechutar , Wb. 5a30 . Goes before, precedes (in temporal or local sense), generally trans.; glosses antecedere, Sg. 17b10 , praeire, Ml. 132c13 . ind psalm-sa remitet na huile psalma, Hib. Min. 11.350 . is mucc remitéit mess, BDD 106 (remetuit, remituit v.ll.) = remithuit, § 66 (perh. right reading); a proverbial expression for premature death, cf. as muc rémitéth mes, AFM ii 1114.13 . amal remetet ara coimdig as a charioteer goes before the lord , O'Mulc. 54 . adhaigh reimteit la, O'Dav. 1409 . cid ara remtet bethi ria cach why `b' precedes all other letters , Auraic. 5488 . it brec[h]ta remitiagaitt ḟelesa, IT iii 9 § 10 . asbert friu nad remthíastais in ríg, BDD 32 . boí tincoscc forru conā remtiastais in crobuailidh, CCath. 5699 ; 4888 . perf. isind aidchi remideogaid the night before LU 8002 ( BDD 168 ). remdechaid tusmed na rígna in ua[i]r sin (= regina ante horam genuit filium), Lat. Lives 66 = reimh-dheachaid , Lism. L. 1197 . remídechatar [a]irde ile coisecrad na heclaisi, PH 6283 . In sense has (had) gone previously : friothrosc na conaire remedeochatar, AFM v 1862 z . See remthechtas.

seichithir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. seichithir or dil.ie/36883

 

v (a) follows, pursues (lit. and fig.): numsechethse (sequatur me), Thes. ii 245.6 (Cam.). aire sechethar slictu ar fédot, 244.31 (do.). sechitir goa ar saint gl. semper mendaces, Wb. 31b20 . cruth as sechidi bethu et nebmarbtu `how life and immortality are to be pursued', 29d24 . ara sechemmar a bésu som, 2d4 . ara sechitis a thimnae arna ructais i ndóiri, Ml. 125c2 . ní sechetar immurgu ord, 19b11 . as maam roṡechestar arsidetaid `who has most followed antiquity', Sg. 208b15 . attá di ṡeirc la laitnori inna ngrec co seichetar cid a comroireniu, 1a2 . libru Solman sexus, glossed: nó ro siach libru Solman, LU 818 - 19 (ACC). soér sech tuaith . sín inedim .i. soer no saichtís secht tuatha . . . no sechthi hé sechtar na tuatha `the noble one sought the North: . . . a noble whom seven folks used to seek', RC xx 404 § 124 (ACC). seiched fírinni. nos-seichfe, ZCP xi 88 § 7 . sechim iar mo baithis Patraic, Laws i 10.z . bía fónd anim sin coro secha bráth bennachtan fort, LU 6092 (TBC). fochartso erchor fair co sech trít co lluid hi talmain, 10987 . cinset do thorian sechset sech affraic siachtatar hEspain, LL 14b34 . cia forbrid cia sergait in loch sechid si he in cach aisdi dibsin dogres `(the well) imitates it in each change continually', Todd Nenn. 194.6 . ma seitche (ma seichti, mosfechti, v.ll.) dlighidh nó senbés, CCath. 414 . cid . . . ar nach sechend ┐ ar nách inntshamlaigend ind eclais Crist ic timna na himdibe, amal seches isin bathis, PH 5764 . nech atcobra dul for nemh, | . . . | seched rīagail [in]na nāem, ZCP vii 310 § 1 .

(b) remains, continues (?): ind ae rosechastar ina menmain .i. in guth fil isin leathguthaibh no-airised lais fo dheoidh, Auraic. 506 . do sheich sna croid[h]ibh ro chráidh | gráin gach neith badh doiligh dhóibh, DDána 79.17 . do sheich t'áireamh i n-Albain, 99.14 .

Various: sechais (sechis, v.l.) Cormac .uii. cumala andsin on rechtaire exacted (?), IT iii 201 § 77 . sechaidh breth, Laws i 196.7 (`judgment follows'). ? rosre tened .i. am rossir amal tenid no ro seich cucut m'inchrecad amal tenid, LL 187a2 .

? To this: is ben fora sectar (? sic leg.) indliged cach ben cusa tiagar a tāitius, Laws v 456.25 Comm .

sleg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sleg or dil.ie/37884

 

n ā, f. IGT Decl. § 39 . a javelin, spear, lance : ro gabustair a sleig, Laws i 6.2 . dolléici a hathair sleig cóicrind dí anúas . . . co lluid trea triliss ┐ condo ragaib Fróech inna láim in slig, TBFr. 234 . sleg ḟota thredruimneach reimithir cuing n-imechtair a crand fil indti, BDD² 968 . tarlucus urchur dom sleig | i ndúnad Eogain Inbir, LU 3859 ( SCC 38 ). fosnessa sleig culind ina bond traiged, TBC-LL¹ 2187 . ra gabastar a da ṡleig chendchritháncha bennacha isin charpat, 4604 . slegha slindlethna for crandaibh midhsenga ina lamaibh, 5537 (Stowe). tuc slinn na sleigi ┐ a forgraín re a édan, Acall. 1725 . bi in chomlaid co n-ev a slige co luid trea, RC xi 446.61 . ro cotar na curaidh . . . for a slegaib senta ┐ for a ruadhgaib remra, CCath. 5854 . do ghabh a tsh.¤ . . . ┐ do rad crecht adhbhal ar taebh dhes an Tigherna lancea, Smaointe B. Chr. 4277 . is í an tsleagh úd do sáthadh tré Absolon, TSh. 1009 . adeir in rí teile an túagh | crúadh a ṡleighi isí ar na sním, IGT Decl. ex. 1084 . ceann do ṡleighe ar gcora a croinn, TD 29.24 . tromghontar Eogan conad for crannu sleg ro himairced hé, SG 50.21 .

COMPDS. ¤aicbéil: cenn do c[h]ur in gach mbróin sesmuigh sleg-aigbēil dīb, ML² 1712 . ¤daire a wood of spears : s. slindgér na ngái, TTr. 1447 . ¤oll: Breogan . . . is a shil sleagoll sneidseang, BB 36b33 . ¤rann spear-point : Siol Semeoin sleithi slegrann (.i. do niodh sloidhe re rendaibh sleg), Leb. Gab.(i) 124.5 . ¤tholl pierced by a spear : gur fhagaib a sleasa go sleaghtholl, MR 272.7 .

1 tar, dar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 tar, dar or dil.ie/40049
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: dar, tar, dar, tar, dar, dar, tair, thar, tairis, thairis, tarsin, darsin, tarsa, darsa, tar, dar, tarsna, darsna, dar, darna, tarna, tar, darm, tarmu, dar, tar, darth, tart, tardo, tardot, tara, dara, tara, dararn, darfar, dara, torum, torom, toram, taram-sa, tarumsa, thorum, thoram, torut, torot, thorad, tharad, thort, thart, tarais, taris, tairis, tharis, thairis, tarse, tharse, tairse, thairse, tarsi, tairs, tairrside, tairsi-side, tairrsi, tairsdi, torunn, torunni, torund, thoruind, thoruinn, taraind, tharainn, toraib, thoruibh, thoraibh, tharaibh, tairsiu, tair(r)siu, thairsiu, torrsu, tarrsu, tar(r)sa, tharsa, tarsta, thórsa, ta(i)rsib, thairsib, tarstibh, tar, tairis, tairise, thart, tar ais, tar éis

prep. with accus. See Thurn. Hdb. § 843 . In Mid. and Mod. Ir. also sporadically with dat. : dar broinfeirtsib (sic leg.), TBC-I¹ 2525 . t.¤ ... ferannaib, Laws iv 136.26 Comm. t.¤ a cladhaibh, TD 13.11 . t.¤ esccairdibh, Ó Héodhusa 78.13. Somet. leniting in Early Mod. Ir. : t.¤ chlár, Content. xviii 53 . t.¤ Mhac Dé, DDána 22.1 . t.¤ chonair, Hugh Roe 28.23 . t.¤ thoil nDé, TSh. 2012.

The proclitic form dar is frequent in O. Ir. beside tar. It occurs also in Mid. Ir., but in Mod. Ir. only in the meaning by in swearing, oaths, etc. (see B V). In Wb the more frequent form is dar. From Ml on tar is the more frequent, but dar is the only form in SR. Exx. of dar: Wb. 2a4 . 3c36 . 6b28 . 7b5 . 10c11 . 13a9 . 13a20 . 16b4 . 16d8 . 18a14 . 23b18 . 24a3 . 24d13 . Ml. 64d8 . SR 1162 etc. Mon. Tall. 141.28 . Sc.M² 17.y . BColm. 92.27 . TTebe 4011 . O'Gr. Cat. 590.33 (in swearing). Exx. of tar: Wb. 3c37 . 5d28 . 15c16 . 21a8 . 22b5 . 22b7 . Ml. 2a6 . 16c5 . 47a3 . 49d1 . 60c1 . 61d4 . 88a1 . 105d6 . 109d8 . 127a1 . Sg. 172a3 . 200b3 . 217b2 , 3 , 12 , 16 . 218a6 . Thes. ii 311.1 . Fél. Ep. 66 . Mon. Tall. 137.14 . Laws ii 262.2 . Sc.M² 21 h . tair, Sg. 8a7 .

In Mod. Ir. occasionally with lenited -t- thar: RC xvii 154.z . Eochairsg. 26.13 . Donlevy 186.21 . This form is commonest in forms with suffixed pron., see infra. The form with suff. pron. 3 s. is also occasionally found as simple prep.: tairis ar marbhadh dhiobh, Rel. Celt. ii 192.6 . thairis gach ní, Feis Tighe Chonáin 862.

With article. sg.: tarsin, Wb. 15c16 . Ml. 16c5 . darsin, SR 1529 . tarsa, Mon. Tall. 130.7 . darsa, TBFr. 79 . tar in, PH 718 . dar in, TBC-I¹ 2500 . pl. tarsna, Ml. 122a3 . Sg. 217b3 . darsna, FA 29 ( dar na, v.l.). darna, Sc.M² 17.y . tarna, IT i 42.13 . tar na, Donlevy 384.6 .

With poss. 1 s.: darm, Wb. 23b18 . SR 1396 . ZCP iv 39.5 . tarmu, Thes. ii 241.13 . dar mo, IT i 121.22 . tar mo, PH 3825 . 2 s.: darth 'airmitein, SR 6320 . tart, TBC-I¹ 1047 . tardo, Sc.M² 13.y . tardot shuilib, Lism. L. 1420 . 3 s. tara, dara: Wb. 24a3 . Ml. 101a3 (leg. tara). Sg. 218a6 . BDD² 921 . 1 p.: dararn-essine, SR 1862 . 2 p.: darfar cenn, Wb. 18a14 . 3 p. dara ngnussib, LU 2091 ( FA 16 ).

With rel.: taratoissed, Wb. 33d10 . tarateged, Thes. ii 315.26 . dara gaib, Mon. Tall. 141.28 . tarndotuidisa over which I shall lead you, TBC-I¹ 238 . tarsa tochuirther, Ml. 22c1 . darsa tiagu, TBC-LL¹ 481 . cindus tíri dar-si fuiniud, Ériu iv 140.14 . dars' tic, Metr. Dinds. iv 286.51 .

With pron. suff.: 1 s. torum, TBC-LL¹ p. 241 n. 1 . PH 1154 . torom, TBC-LL¹ 4709 . toram, Dán Dé ix 8 . taram-sa, TBC-LL¹ p. 115 n. 2 . tarumsa, ACL iii 235.1 . thorum, 242 § 6 . Studies 1934, 434 § 6 . thoram, TSh. 4211 . 2 s. torut, Sg. 217b4 . torot, LU 8139 ( FB 10 ). thorad, DDána 114.7 . tharad, TD 2.32 . thort, DDána 52.39 . Corp. Astron. 6.6 . thart, Content. v 186 . Dán Dé ix 11 . 3 s. m. and n. tarais, Wb. 33d10 . Ml. 28c12 (sic MS.). Goid. 94.16 . taris, Mon. Tall. 136.22 . TBC-LL¹ 1644 . tairis, Mon. Tall. 151.15 . LU 5937 . O'Gr. Cat. 442.y . TSh. 2696 . tharis, BDD² 790 . LU 2150 ( FA 22 ). thairis, Anecd. i 3.10 . TD 20.2 . TSh. 4300 . 3 s. f. tarse, BDD² 978 . tharse, RC vi 183.15 . tairse, LU 3794 ( SCC 36 ). thairse, DDána 52.29 . tarsi, TBC-LL¹ 1600 . tairs, p. 359 n. 7 . tairrside (? leg. tairsi-side), 3727 , cf. TTebe 505 . tairrsi, RC xvii 144.4 . tairsdi, ZCP vi 290.15 . 1 p. torunn, Wb. 15a1 . 15d1 . torunni, 27a14 . torund, Thes. ii 299.37 . thoruind, Fianaig. 68.21 . thoruinn, DDána 95.7 . Donlevy 392.1 . taraind, IGT Decl. ex. 664 . tharainn, DDána 24.19 . 2 p. toraib, TBC-I¹ 281 . thoruibh, DDána 7.4 . thoraibh, TD 14.31 . tharaibh, DDána 53.13 . 3 p. With acc. inflexion: tairsiu, Ml. 121b1 . 123d3 . tair(r)siu, SR 4285 . Laws iv 214.6 . BDD² 142 . thairsiu, TBC-I¹ 150 . LU 2167 . ZCP xi 83.7 . torrsu, Laws v 270.y Comm. tarrsu, iii 424.15 Comm. tar(r)sa, Content. xxi 19 . Ann. Conn. 1342.11 . TSh. 295 . tharsa, DDána 18.2 . RC xxix 220.9 . tarsta, Mac Aingil 576.17 . Eochairsg. 36.32 . thórsa, Ó Bruad. ii 226. With dat. inflexion: ta(i)rsib, SR 4297 . LU 2961 . Laws v 382.21 Comm. DDána 107.21 . Fl. Earls 22.4 . thairsib, TTebe 2705 . DDána 30.24 . tarstibh, TD 3.30 v.l.

The meanings of tar may be divided roughly into concrete and abstract. But it is frequently difficult to assign an example or group of examples to one category or the other. For the sake of convenience a somewhat arbitrary division has been adopted in the following.

A In meanings of a concrete or physical nature.

I over, across, covering , implying rest rather than motion (see ZCP viii 60 ), including exx. where the meaning is that of coming and remaining across .

(a) cona roib temel ... t.¤ rosc for nanme, Wb. 21a8 . fri nech tarsa tochuirther sciath, Ml. 22c1 . mar dlúm dar dreich, SR 6959 . fri hōrsnath īar ndēnam a datha dar or nindeōna, TBC-I¹ 2567 . drochet ... darsin nglend, LU 2148 ( FA 22 ). co ro-thib tond tairis `so that a wave laughed over him,' CRR 34.21 . slicht meōir epscoip dar a ucht, ACL iii 307 § 26 . cro[i]theas a lúireach t.¤ a cheann amach brandished his breastplate above his head, Ériu i 88.1 . tuc sciath t.¤ lorg do maithib Muman covered the retreat of, ML² 274.

(b) Of covering with clay, burying: focheird úir ... taris, TBC-LL¹ 1491 . ó doradadh úir t.¤ Aedh, ACL iii 304.z . ní cóir cré na talamh thorum, Studies 1934, 434 § 6 .

(c) Of wearing, being covered by clothes: ind etaig bruinnidi .i. bís t.¤ bruinniu ógae, Ml. 144c7 . in ṁbrat ... roboi tarais, Goid. 94.16 . ragabsat fial falaid tairsib, TTebe 4159 . deich gcéile ... | t.¤ ar shín Éire a hionar, DDána 113.17 .

(d) Of wearing a belt: a cressa dar a n-áirnib, PH 5103 . rogab tairis in cloidem he girt on the sword, D IV 2, 45d4 .

(e) do-beir lám t.¤ seizes, takes hold of: tabraiter láma tairis, TBC-I¹ 1471 . fochertar lama tairis, LU 5941 . Cf. co tarat láim dar hIffern, SR 7772 . lám Emeire ... dar a brāgaid, Ériu i 118.6 .

(f) With cros a cross: dobér-sa anosa | a crosa darm'aigidh, ZCP viii 110 § 5 . Cros Críosd thorad, DDána 114.7 . tabair cros Crist ... tardot shuilib, Lism. L. 1420.

II over, across implying motion (`motion over a space,' ZCP viii 59 ).

(a) ní tirga tara trachtu, `it will not come beyond its shores,' Ml. 121a17 . t.¤ crích innunn, Sg. 217b12 . doloddursom ... tarsa ceim `came over the stile,' Mon. Tall. 130.7 . im cert filid t.¤ crich the right of a poet to cross a territory (?), Laws i 184.17 . is muir dar crícha, TBC-I¹ 3290 . in uair tra nobenadh bainne don gemlóichet dar a aighidh whenever a flash of lightning struck him across the face, ACL iii 4.28 . tairrsech darsa fuineann grían, Ériu iv 140.16 . ní lamdais ... eoin ... cromad dar craebaib na caillead, TTebe 910 . re comhfhlaith t.¤ chlár anonn from across (?), Content. xviii 53 . tugadh léim t.¤ líne leis `he has now crossed the line (i.e. taken his decision to act),' Aithd. D. 30.12 . Gramm. cumscugud e t.¤ i co ndéni ei deogur (e.g. adeibam for adiebam), Sg. 191a3 .

(b) Of crossing rivers, the sea: dia tanic ... | dar Iordanan, SR 6938 . t.¤ sál sidi, Fél. Sept. 10 . comainm ind atha dar a sredestar, TBC-LL¹ 1463 . don fhéin ... tar tuinn `from beyond the wave,' TD 18.36 .

(c) over the wall of a city, rim of a vessel, etc.: cenn meic B. immach | rolad dar múr na cathrach, SR 6988 . ba léim ro leblaingseom tarsin cathraig ammuich, LU 9077 ( FB 82 ). dar bil in sceith, TBC-LL¹ 3779 . t.¤ luing amach `over the ship's side,' RC xv 294 § 5 . in cetna dabach i tét fichid tairse boils over, LU 3794 ( SCC 36 ).

(d) 3 s. tairis as adv. across: tainic neill diamair ... tairis, TTebe 3758 . dognīd oircne ┐ crecha ... tairis sair i crīchaib cīanaib, ACL iii 224.20 . do ghabhas thairis `transiui,' TSh. 4300 . an duine dorinde an glaedh do tabhairt tairis `to bring the man who raised the cry into his presence', BCC 202.32 . Of crossing the Irish Sea: co n-darafnetar Ulaid tairis i crich n-Alban, IT i 73.z . ar ttecht thairis (.i. tar muir), AFM iii 306.4 . Iarla D. demersus est ac dol taris, Ann. Conn. 1357.4 . Hence in Laws Comm. of stranded persons, etc. alien, foreign (opp. to Érennach), `(über die See) herübergekommen,' Ir. Recht 39 . do murchuirthi .i. tairis .i. dair, Laws i 162.1 . cid fodera conid mo doib ina ndaeraib thairis na ina ndaeraib Erennchaib, v 110.12 . trian eneclainni do daor tairis na nisil, ┐ cethraimhe don daor Eirennach, H 3.17 col. 525 ( O'D. 720 ) = tairise, H 3.17 col. 426 ( O'D. 525 ). in da murcurtha ... más do aon chinel tairis dóib, H 3.17 col. 526 ( O'D. 722 ). Cf. bráighaid-comhal, tairis `an hostage, pledge ,' Eg. Gl. 73.

(e) 2 s. thart as adv. past, around: tar thort `come hither,' TD 2.4 . thort thiarain `over west,' 3.8 . tabhair suil thart ar gach taoibh `examine the subject in every way,' Content. v 186 . léigidh thart an tsláinte pass the health round, ITS xvii 114.96 .

(f) In descriptions of fights: conna torgethar sechut na treót na torot, LU 8139 ( FB 10 ). tēt an fer tarat amal tēti bott t.¤ catt, TBC-I¹ 2680 . laóch bas tualaing th'ergaire ┐ techt thorut `overcome thee,' TTr.² 767 . roling darna laechv, 1076 . regaid fer dar fer, Sc.M² 15.8 . do cuatarsom foithib ┐ trithu ┐ tarrsa, D IV 2, 45a44 .

(g) In phrase buille t.¤ : do-rat cách díb builli dar sróin a chēili riam, Sc.M² 7.10 . ro boí trá buille dar áo i suidiu (builli t.¤ cluáis ┐ t.¤ cend, v.l.), 17.8 .

(h) t.¤ sét, slige, etc. astray: ná léig sinn t.¤ an slighidh do not allow us to stray from the path, DDána 25.4 . cuir inn t.¤ eol mearachaidh keep us from a wrong path, 25.1 .

(i) fo-ceird súil t.¤ : caní ralsid súil torunn? `have ye not cast an eye over us?' Wb. 15a1 . do chor súlae taris, Mon. Tall. 136.22 . nī rolāim sūil toraib isin fid, TBC-I¹ 281.

(j) fo-ceird tar cend overthrows, upsets: is mór ríg ralā dar cend, Hail Brigit § 20 . co corastar na daíni ... tar cend, TBFr. 274 . cend dar cend ┐ druimm dar ais, PH 4392 . See 1 cenn.

(k) With certain verbs: cid siu dothised thairis before she met him, Anecd. i 3.10 . tar doirr troide na tairche `come not into the wrangle of battle,' Content. xxii 19.

III past (i.e. leaving behind).

(a) ulcha ... co soiched dar māethīchtar a māethimlenn sīs, TBC-I¹ 2336 . rochechaing iarum tairsiu it then stepped past them (of the sun), Ériu iv 140.12 . beith t.¤ gach anbhuain aige `to be with him beyond all trouble,' Ériu v 54.45 . dochuaid tarrsa ar tarad a lama laitiri got past them (i.e. defenders), Ann. Conn. 1342.11 .

(b) With léicid (frequently in more or less abstract meanings): im legud ina tāna dar Tailtin, TBC-I¹ 2964 . ro léigedar sin thársa go maidin `they let the matter stand over till morning,' RC xxix 220.9 . far léig mé toram dod thoil, Dán Dé ix 8 . nach lēigfidīs tocrādh a tigerna tairsib that they would not leave unpunished, ML² 1527.

(c) With téit misses, escapes: t.¤ rachuimhne ó ghrásaib Dé nar deachaimne `may we never be forgotten,' Studies 1932, 433 § 7 . a ndeachaidh thorainn `all our shortcomings,' Aithd. D. 97.33 . ar an mbás gcorpordha, ┐ gan dul tairis ag aon-duine, TSh. 2696.

(d) do-icc tar mentions, refers to, treats of: tāinic t.¤ brīathraibh Frōich do Mhidhir, ZCP xiii 174.28 . fada ó tángas t.¤ an ainm `long ago has the name been written of,' Content. v 35 . ní tháinig thar dhortadh fola said nothing about shedding of blood, Eochairsg. 26.13 .

(e) With certain other verbs, frequ. in abstract senses. cuirid: uair ni rocuir ... ailges na acobur e t.¤ a modh gnath roclecht cosin did not cause him to deviate from, D IV 2, 78a22 . fan Páis do chur tairis `to put it past Him,' Maund. 87 . mór do chuir don triallsa thort `has driven ... out of thy mind,' Aithd. D. 31.36 . tar ēis forlonn na faichthe do c[h]ur tairsi when she had got beyond, Feis Tighe Chonáin 984 . do-gní: t.¤ nach éidir dénamh which cannot be done without, IGT Introd. 1.11 . 2.y . gaibid: ma gabthair tairis `if a man gets clear of it' (of carnal thoughts), Mon. Tall. 151.15 . trebaid: Muire ó nach treabhann tharainn since she does not neglect us, DDána 24.19 . ni fhuil cumadh ná siosmadh na seoladh | ... nár thimcheall thórsa `every shaping ... he hath compassed completely' (of an expert shoemaker), Ó Bruad. ii 226 .

IV through, out of (an aperture). Cf. II (c) supra.

(a) Of doors, gates, etc.: coro-m[a]idhetur secht srotha do fhuil ... amach darna secht ndoirrsib, Sc.M² 17.y . tanic an bás t.¤ doirsib mo chuirp is-tech, PH 7805 . Bernais Tana bo Cualnge ... dáig taris rucad in tain, TBC-LL¹ 1587.

(b) Of parts of the body, etc.: in mac imlesen. Fand iarom ainm na dére dothaet tairis, LU 3377 ( SCC 17 ). connách tic focal a corai tardo chend so that you cannot speak properly, Sc.M² 13.y . ní ticfa gāire tar a bél co brách, RC xxiv 374.9 . crechta doimne ... ┐ siat ic tipirsin fhola tairsib, D IV 2, 72b10 .

V through (clothes, etc.): co lluid (sleg) tarsin tlacht ... baí im Ailill, TBFr. 238 . bricht comga ... Ro gonadhsan cach tairsí ┐ treithi ┐ séici, TBC-LL¹ p. 359 n. 7 .

VI In phrases.

(a) tar ais back: in ced do cur tar aís to withdraw the permission, RC xix 28.2 . rathsill ... dara ais, TTebe 4011 . gairm thar ais ` appeal ,' Donlevy 186.21 . See ais.

(b) tar éis on behalf of , etc., see 2 éis.

VII Of time.

(a) Prospectively: nat ṡasai aena t.¤ aile `that one day should not be extended beyond two days,' Laws i 120.18 . Cf. 150.17 . má (sic leg.) téis immurgu t.¤ domnuch `if however it pass the Sunday,' Mon. Tall. 137.14 . tairis sin ` from that forth ,' Laws iii 370.2 Comm. go dtéid t.¤ tráth codalta, TD 20.59 .

(b) With téit is imminent, falls due: do-chuaidh thort mo tháirriochtain it is time for you to save me, DDána 11.23 . 52.39 . dá ndeachadh thoruinn if I was put to it, 95.7 . rachaidh thoruibh tráth oile | bláth toruidh na trócoire, 7.4 .

(c) Retrospectively: noco cuirem in bliadhain-si thoruind `till the year is ended,' Fianaig. 68.21 . atáid re hathaigh d'aimsir ... thart thall `for some time past,' TD 3.2 . an bioth go dtairrnge tharaibh till your life is over, DDána 53.13 . na faoisidineadha do chuaidh thort ` past ,' Donlevy 320.4 .

(d) tar éis after , see 2 éis.

B In meanings of a more abstract nature.

I Denoting increase, excess, etc.

(a) in addition to, besides: dá bfuirgedh dia ... | tairis in chuid do chaithemh `yet farther to consume the meal,' O'Gr. Cat. 442. y. tairis ar marbhadh dhiobh `besides those that were killed,' Rel. Celt. ii 192.6 . tairis sin `besides,' Donlevy 218.14 . tairis so, Corp. Astron. 2.29 .

(b) in excess of: rath t.¤ airdig `over-plus food stock,' Laws ii 262.2 . troscad t.¤ dliged `fasting in excess of what is legal,' iv 58.10 Comm. a mbeith t.¤ a riachtanus `aught over and above his needs,' TSh. 7105.

(c) With téit exceeds: ni conraga tairis it will not increase, Laws i 48.10 . co ndechaidh t.¤ airem a n-esbadha `their losses exceeded computation,' RC xviii 173.2 . téid t.¤ fhine Éireamhóin ` excels ,' Aithd. D. 18.26 . do chuaidh mo shúil t.¤ mo chuid, Dánta Gr. 88.1 . Cf. nā ticidh taris do not exceed it (of a stipulated number of men for a fight), ZCP xiii 228.9 .

II Denoting preference, comparison, distinction , etc. between two objects or between one and several others.

(a) excelling, surpassing, beyond: ar Chríst cóem t.¤ folaid (sic leg.?) excelling, Fél. Apr. 10 . debaid dar dā bran `combat fiercer than two ravens,' ZCP iii 45.9 . rainig a theisd t.¤ ghniomh ghaoidheal `excelled,' Rel. Celt. ii 218.31 . thairis gach ní above all, Feis Tighe Chonáin 862 . a neart t.¤ an gcóir do chuir `He has set Her power higher than any rights,' Aithd. D. 86.18 .

(b) in preference to, rather than: ar adradh Dē dó tairsibh in preference to them (the druids), RC xviii 382.19 . do thogh Dia ... gnúis í Néill ... t.¤ féin ... Gaoidhiol, TD 7.43 . a ghnaoi t.¤ nar bh'iarraidh Art (i.e. when we have you we no longer look for A.), DDána 106.31 . diomoladh na neolghach d'fulang, t.¤ a bheith dorcha air chách (of simple writing), Donlevy xxii 17.

(c) Approximating to of in Eng. of all things, persons, etc., above all: do Laighnibh t.¤ tir oile | níor dhligh buain na bóruimhe from Leinster of all countries, Content. vi 236 . buachoill mo bhó féin | t.¤ gach duine dá dtéid uaim `of all those that deserted me,' TD 22.18 . t.¤ gach arm ... dhíobh sin nachar bhfer feadhma do dhéanamh re clogat é `a helmet, above all ... accoutrements whatsoever, he was not the man to use,' O'Gr. Cat. 510.25.

(d) in comparison with: ní fhuil ann acht dia díomhaoin | t.¤ Mhac Dé (of wordly goods), DDána 22.1 .

(e) aithnid x t.¤ y distinguishes x from y: budh feidhm aithne ar an ngréin ghil | tar néimh aighthe gach aingil to distinguish the bright sun from the radiance of the angels' faces, DDána 29.34 . ionnus nach aithnighedh an dubh t.¤ an mbán, ZCP xii 396.22 . fios an sgrioptuir choir ... t.¤ an leabhar nach sgrioptur, Luc. Fid. 257.2 .

III In meanings with the underlying idea of substitution:

(a) on behalf of, for the sake of (?): is tríd trá do rádhusa | ... | t.¤ chach `on behalf of the others,' Content. vii 6 . níom comhghaol níom cara dhuibh | tarsa ná tathaoir Lughaidh `do not blame L. on that score,' xxi 19 . trúag gan mé is taraind ar thuit, IGT Decl. ex. 664.

(b) tar cend on behalf of , see 1 cenn.

(c) tar éis, see 2 éis.

(d) in return for: t.¤ cais cain-denam (in return) `for hate, well-doing,' Lib. Hymn. 173.358 (ACC). lecid in mnai ass ┐ tabar slan dúib taris in return, LL 276a36 . t.¤ gach leathtrom ... | malairt urchair uaim tar ais | do bhéar `in return for the harsh words,' Content. xvii 10 . Note also: is tairside dochuaid A. ua cleith `through her A. went in secret ...,' TTebe 505 .

IV in violation of, against, generally governing a noun meaning law, treaty, etc.

(a) With téit, do-icc, gaibid etc. transgresses (see also tairmthecht): ho luid adam t.¤ réir, Wb. 3c37 . tairmthtecht t.¤ timna, Laws i 10.3 . raghaidh cech recht t.¤ araile every right will run counter to another, ZCP viii 195.6 . berar coma úan don laech, | mad dia ti taris is báeth if he reject it, TBC-LL¹ 1644 . dias doroine cundradh ... is cuimgech cach fer dib masech tiachtain tairis `withdraw from it' (Plummer MS. notes), H 5.15, 8a ( O'D. 1589 ). riasind aurd dara gaib `the orders which he transgressed,' Mon. Tall. 141.28 . dá ngabhthar linn slighe t.¤ a síorghuidhe, Aithd. D. 19.14 . Cf. t.¤ láimh an ríogh ... | do-chuaidh sinn, 66.28 . ni failmet darth'airmitein, SR 6320.

(b) against, in violation of: dar timne recto dognither int immarmus, Wb. 3c36 . dar brethir Colum Cille, BCC² 233.334 . tar breithir an tṡenaire ┐ an druadh, RC ix 462.14 . toirched t.¤ apud `getting a woman with child notwithstanding being forbidden,' Laws i 176.1 . is t.¤ menmin lim `es geht mir gegen den Sinn,' ZCP viii 175.27 . is t.¤ ghealladh do mhaoidhis `against your promise you boasted ...,' Content. v 183 . faill do thabhairt i ngrádh Dé, t.¤ mar budh dlightheach dhó, TSh. 8613 . t.¤ mo shárugud, PH 3825 . dar sāruccud Dē, ACL iii 308.19 .

(c) in spite of: in ti troisces t.¤ taircsin reir do, Laws i 118.4 . a ngabail t.¤ a n-ainme cipē cruth i mbeid taking them in spite of their defects, ZCP viii 113.10 . robudh thochmarc t.¤ lóegh mbeo sin that were a wooing despite a living warrior (her lover Fróech being alive), ZCP xiii 173.5 . t.¤ a mbí dá dhocracht dó, TD 15.22 . Hence tairis sin yet nevertheless: rodlesaighes thairis sin and yet I have befriended thee, BS 20.27 . bíodh nach tabhair an t-aifreann éin-ní nua dona naoidheanaibh ..., thairis sin ... dleaghair a rádh, TSh. 4831.

V In asseveration = Eng. by (perh. from practice of placing hand over object sworn by, Fraser ZCP viii 60 ): ducuitig tarais fadeissin ... nech taratoissed he swore by himself, Wb. 33d10 . t.¤ ioib gl. per Iouem, Sg. 217b2 . dar mo bréthir, IT i 121.22 . tongu-sa fom chumachta ┐ t.¤ in mac n-oengine, Ériu ii 196.18 . dar an bpeann `by the pen,' O'Gr. Cat. 590.33.

timthirecht, timpirecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. timthirecht, timpirecht or dil.ie/40825
Last Revised: 2019

 

n ā, f. vn of do-im(m)thiret.

I

(a) act of going to and fro: cumma ┐ t.¤ bech i llau ánli cach hae sech alaili súas, BDD² 1169 . t.¤ na n-aingiul imon tir angelos circumvolitantes, Lat. Lives 102.4 . t.¤ n-aingel issin mónai dond lige, KMMisc. 212.18 . t.¤ angel dond ligi dochum nimi, 214.2 . do t.¤ iter Dia ┐ doinib, PH 6228 . co faca t.¤ na n-aingel súas ┐ anúas and, LU 9825.

(b) act of serving, ministering to; ministration: bieid crich for timtherecht cacha dúlo, Wb. 13b28 . inna timthrechta ind labrada gl. officia, Ml. 42c4 . in ointimthrecht on frinni, 53b20 . timthrecht deggnima du edbairt dait, 73a10 . atrebat ní tria timdirecht, Sg. 35a2 . oc t.¤ in tslóig uile, BDD² 1307 . dorat sē laithi ... don domnach da th.¤ , Ériu iii 143 § 4 . oc a t.¤ na sruithi sin, Mon. Tall. 136.25 . t.¤ inna pīan `ministration of torments,' Ériu ii 136 § 120 . consacratar inna huili grada-sa frisna timtherechta cetna iar pennuid, vii 142.14 . is díaisneisi ... a thimthirecta inna dhūlib ō tosach domuin, ii 140 § 151 . na timrechtæ re suidigeasta (timchireachta, v.l.) 'the agencies which were established', TBith.² 104 § 4 . gid urd ... aon oidchi den timtirecht, Laws i 22.24 Comm. na dernasamar t.¤ ┐ umallóit duit, RC iv 248 § 10 . umalóit ┐ t.¤ do'n fhoirind beit hi carcair, PH 6002 . dar trealmaib timtirechtai a anala `through the gear that served his breath,' CCath. 4701 . aingil nimhe do bheith ag timpireacht dó, TSh. 3429 . Of religious ceremonies: ithé són leviti olchene nobítis oc t.¤ inna nidbart, Wb. 10d17 . eolus timthirechta a graid, Ériu i 218 § 2 . t.¤ imāin is leis | lasin fer grāidh, RC xxxvii 346 § 15 . lestra imda oir ... do th.¤ (sic leg.) altore De, Anecd. iii 75.27 .

(c) act of supplying: co [a] timtireacht a triur | do biudh (muntere) nime, Snedg. u. Mac R 13 § 62 . alma ... fri t.¤ fheola, Alex. 621 . an t-én nó ghnathaighedh t.¤ a bproinne doibh, BNnÉ 79 § 154 . conda tanic t.¤ o Crist, Lism. L. viii 25.

II anus: co lluid hi t.¤ a chuirp, TBC-I¹ 1735 = con dechaid dar t.¤ a chuirp, TBC-LL¹ 3947 . fuil na srona, no na timtirachta, Rosa Angl. 18.17 . nescoid arin timtiracht, 200.16 . a timparacht an othu[i]r, O'Gr. Cat. 270.30. ider in timperacht ┐ na huirghe, 271.2 . na heigin go laidir do timperacht nec comprime fortiter anum, Mackinnon Cat. 66.y .

tlacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tlacht or dil.ie/41005
Last Revised: 2019

 

n [u,]m. Later slacht, q.v.

I

(a) covering, protection: os talman t.¤ , Snedg. u. Mac R 10 § 14 . a tabairt fo thalman t.¤ | iarsin mo Dia dil tarmart, SR 4743 . noco tard in tarim (leg. talam) t.¤ | tar mac bud danu daenacht, BB 401b41 . (Hence : `tlacht' talamh comhádhbal cain, Metr. Gl. 14 § 27 ). co mbert in macc | co tart fo th.¤ ina thétluing, Arch. Hib. ii 70 § 3 . t.¤ .i. diten, ut est imtongat uill tlachta nobles swear by defences, O'Dav. 1512. conastacmaing t.¤ in trefocuil so that the protection ... encompasses them, Auraic. 1960 . eite lúidh 's t.¤ ar dtreisi, L. Cl. A. B., 256.111 . créad é an t.¤ so ar cheannaibh Éireann ? grief , ITS iii 140.1 .

(b) ornament, finish, beauty: in t.¤ ós ligib, Hy. 4.10 . potestates delbda a t.¤ , SR 695 . for tir, for talam, treb tlácht | coragab fír flathemnácht, 6636 . eirgit sluaig Temrach na t.¤ , SG 368.2 . t.¤ ní thig cen ruad polish , Metr. Dinds. iii 54.7 . ro-choillset torad is t.¤ | i cóiciud chlíarach Connacht, 382.22 . inmhain t.¤ a hisdadh núr ` decoration ,' O'Gr. Cat. 474.18. ní comhrádh ar a bhfuil t.¤ | nach diongnadh do Chorc dúthracht ` plausibility ,' Content. xiii 10 . teacht mar saorchuairt tar sál soir | le t.¤ ó aobhacht an fhir, Rel. Celt. ii 276.26 . aighthe féinneadh feirrde a dt.¤ , L. Cl. A. B., 239.50 . tólaib t.¤ (cheville) SR 15 ; Metr. Dinds. iii 224.13 ; ML² 55 , etc.

Hence skin, hide: t.¤ olla fíraille co cinél cacha datha trít, Cóir Anm. § 38 . brec, dub, odar, tes a t.¤ , `warm was their coat,' Metr. Dinds. iv 170.15 . t.¤ taighleach ó carr go h-ardghoilmhioch air, ML 38.31 .

II garment, clothing: cit úallaig ríg talman | i tlachtaib at glainiu, Fél. Prol. 246 . hi fuil Chríst trea curpu | docóemnachtar tlachtu (: balcu) `they had washed their robes,' Jan. 4 . immutsa co mbánt.¤ , Ep. 331 . do cholcthib gelaib ocus di tlachtaib etrochtaib, LU 1712 . co ndaimtuigdis tlachta áilde ildath, Ériu iv 163.15 . co lluid tarsin t.¤ corcra ┐ tresin léine baí im Ailill, TBFr. 238 . roclaemclai clí, leth an smacht | dorochair di a coemth.¤ , SR 1296 . ronbáe biad, ronbai t.¤ , 1557 . fri tindrem t.¤ , 2495 . bui ingen Ecit i cathair cumtachtai ┐ t.¤ derscaigthe impe issin tig, Irish Texts i 33.7 . tabairt bíd do bochtaib Dé | t.¤ (sic leg.) do nochtaib, BColm. 100.11 . rogha iomdhaigh a nEamhain Macha ... ┐ a t.¤ ríoghdha ró-mhaiseach uirre, Ériu viii 135.8 . tuchtach a t.¤ , Anecd. i 60 § 83 . i t.¤ etrocht, § 89 . at lassar rígthigi di leirgg a tlachta (sic leg.) ┐ a n-errid ┐ a n-éttaid, CRR 28 . doberad a tlachta folaig ... do uilib aittib, CCath. 4318 . do ben in t.¤ carcra de, ML² 534 . aircellad tlachta na dithle tuinech `taking away raiment is every pilfering of tunics,' O'Dav. 1531. t.¤ .i. édach, 1505 . tréigidh a t.¤ iasochta, Studies 1918, 453 § 13 . t.¤ na nemmarbdachta, PH 3520 . ag buain tlaicht taitneamhaigh na ngrás de, TSh. 7003 . t.¤ álainn do cor ar an nanam ccédna, Ó Héodhusa 120.11.

Compds. ¤balc with stout covering, mailclad: túath toimsech t.¤-balc, Metr. Dinds. ii 34.94 . ¤chrích fair land: fa thuathaib, ocus fa thlacht-chrichaib na talmhan, MR 114.13 . ¤dillat clothing: don t.¤-dillat ... do bretha dó, TBC-LL¹ 2586 . ¤mag ornamental lawn?: fá'n gcladh dtlacht-maige, O'Gr. Cat. 508.8. ¤Mide fair Meath: re tuathaib ... t.¤-Mide, MR 124.11 . ¤múad with fine hide: Muc Mic Dá-Thó, t.¤-mūad torc, Sc.M² 22a . ¤réid?: corbo th.¤-réid (macc réid, L.) a menma | macc-Néill mullaig máel-Themra, Ériu iv 98 § 28.

trilis

Cite this: eDIL s.v. trilis or dil.ie/41933

 

Forms: trilse

n f. Orig. n. ? cf. dá t.¤ n-órbuidi, BDD² 14 . pl. trilse 1278 . IGT Decl. § 150 . See ZCP vii 366.

(a) tress or plait of hair; the hair: t.¤ .i. folt, O'Cl. mac ... ingine fo th.¤ `son of a girl still wearing tresses,' Triads 152 . benaid a dí t.¤ di, LU 5876 . teóra trillsi fuirri .i. dí thriliss immo cénd suas. t.¤ tara haiss síar. co mbenad a da colptha inna díaid, 4518 = teora trillsi da fult imma cend, t.¤ aile co m-benad foscad fri colptha, TBC-LL¹ 213 . dolléici a hathair sleig ... co lluid trea triliss, TBFr. 235 . t.¤ conice a shálu fhair, PH 2104 . go trillsib folt cas chaemshalais, SG 249.29 . gatair a súile assa cind ┐ a sróna ┐ a da nó ┐ a t.¤ , Ériu v 209.24 . taithnemh na trillsi sin, TTebe 3743 . tabhram ... ar móid | 's ar dhá dt.¤ don Tríonnóid, Measgra D. 69.4 . a bharr 'n-a th.¤ taitneamhail, DDána 114.3 . ra thógaibh táin trillsi a treoir, TFrag. 34.18 . a th.¤ fhiar nar fhaomh cion `fair-tressed sinless lady', PBocht 13.45 . trillsi áille ordae oraind, BCC 396.12 . ocht ttraighte décc fod a trillsi, AFM i 540.13 .

(b) Extended applications: co n-dracaib, co trillsib tened foraib, FA 191.11 . in badb catha ... ┐ a trillsi natharda ... immo cend, CCath. 903 . rind ... co trillsib tendtidib (of the tail of a comet), 832 . cona trillsib do nathrachaib, TTebe 182 . cotur cain coir co trillsib oir ┐ argait (of decorations of a book), ZCP vi 234.8 . gabhthar le trilsibh bróg mban | an ród glan fringes (?), DDána 119.21 . Of foliage, vegetation: bláth an toraidh 'n-a thrilsibh nuaigheala `fruit-blossoms in bright-white clusters,' Aithd. D. 4.8 . a oilen as úr t.¤ | ar ar cul do cuimnighis, Irish Texts ii 12.14 . dá dtréigfinn do th.¤ nduinn | a inis, Measgra D. 50.47 . ? Áine ... | fecht do luidh ceim fo t.¤ , Duan. F. i 84.14 .

(c) crest of waves, sea: lir úas t.¤ , Fél. Mar. 15 . dar t.¤ (.i. dar muir) lir, 90.31 . uas tuind t.¤ , Apr. 23 . lir uas t.¤ .i. uas moing in mara, Thr. Ir. Gl. 130.22 ( Fél. Mar. 15 ). crann tuinne ōs t.¤ , ZCP xi 156 § 113 ( Anecd. i 62 ). tonn ōs t.¤ , ZCP x 152 § 46. dar tonna trén-trillse `over the strong-maned sea,' Metr. Dinds. iv 164.42 . uas trillsib na tonn trengairg, Lism. L. 3822.

(d) palisade, sheep-fold (made of plaited twigs ?): t.¤ chuanna na caem-dos `the lovely precinct of the gentle guardians,' Metr. Dinds. iii 424.40 . cāera find cacha tige ocus cacha trillsi `a white sheep for every house and for every fold,' MacCongl. 45.21 . ? ce bē focher trillsi treb `geflochtene Wohnstätten,' Bruchst. i 38 § 90 (Tig., RC xvii 168 ).