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7 a

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 7 a or dil.ie/8
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: a, a, a, a, a, a, a, á, as, as, assin, asind, as, as, as, as, as, ast, assa, asa, asar, as, assa, asa, asum, essiut, ass, as, es, essi, esse, eissi, esti, eisti, este, aiste, essib, eissib, esib, estib, eistib, asta, asa

prep. with dat., geminating out of, from . In O.Ir. glosses frequ. á (see Celtica ii 239 - 40 ). See GOI § 834 . The usual form before nouns is a: a corin[tib], Wb. 7c18 . a ppecad, 3b3 . a persin, 4c23 . a rrath, 12a7 . a rrangabáil, Sg. 196b5 . a llatin, Ml. 3a15 . a mmedón, Tur. 72 . á óensonaib, Wb. 12a10 . In later lang. also as(s): as talomh, Fl. Earls 112.29 . as Éirinn, Rel. Celt. ii 182.13 (see Desid. xxxiv ). Before proclitics as(s). With article: assin folud, Wb. 9c10 . asind óinrainn, Sg. 197a17 . as tír, BDD² 435 . as tig, 544 . Note also: as cech ṡét, Thes. ii 320.3 .

With poss. adj. 1 s. as mo chuimriug, Wb. 23b7 . 2 s. as do, Sc.M² 11 . ast, 12 . 3 s. assa, Wb. 2c7 . 20d13 . asa, 25d16 . 1 pl. asar, Wb. 15c24 . 2 pl. as for, LU 8551 (H) ( FB 41 ). 3 pl. assa, MU² 276 . asa, 390 .

With suffixed pron. 1 s. asum, ZCP vi 285.8 . 2 s. essiut, RC xiv 188.z . 3 s. m. and n. ass, Wb. 29b15 . as, Ml. 36c20 . es, RC xxv 346 § 2 . 3 s. f. essi, Ml. 85c14 . esse, 113d2 , 131c14 . eissi, Sg. 196b2 . esti, PH 197 . eisti, BDD² 1405 . este, ZCP vi 81.4 . aiste, TSh. 4477 . 3 pl. essib, Wb. 12a10 , b23 . Ml. 87b18 . eissib, Sg. 190a1 . esib, 51b11 . estib, PH 2878 . eistib, ML² 1478 . asta, TSh. 2791 .

With rel. as(s)a n-: asatoróimed, Wb. 11a19 . See GOI § 834 , IGT Introd. § 100 (25.12) .

I Expressing motion, out of, from: oc techiud a rroí, Críth G. 539 . co rróimid topar husci ass, Trip.² 93 . fuil totmad (leg. totma(e)?) a crann a wound sustained in falling from a tree, Laws v 362.z . in ti bis for imrama a inad d'inad from place to place, Laws iv 36.12 Comm. coillti an talman do thuitim as a premaibh will be uprooted, RC xxviii 312 § 9 . luid fer a cath, BColm. 94.15 . facbuid-si asin tir-si leave this land, RC xiv 56 § 69 . na fuirighedh a Temraig ach imthiged asti co hobann, Ériu iii 170 § 29 . co cuala géim bó ic tiachtain al-loch Ṡithgail `out of Loch S.', Dinds. 155 ( RC xvi 270 ). rosái assen dia thigh, RC xviii 184.28 . atracht focétóir in marb a bás, RC ii 390 z . no ássad bolgg corcra assa etun a purple blister would grow out of his forehead, Ériu iv 32.3 . With impers. vb. ní thig asta `they do not shrink' (of shoes), O'Rah. xviii 24 . Without accompanying verb: do rigne Dia firt . . . .i. in topur husci asin talmain, Trip.² 96 . cúiseach bind asa bēalaibh sweet piping from her lips, Ériu iv 174. § 8 . asa tuaisciurt inda deiscert `(to go) from the North (of it) to the south (of it)', Mon. Tall. 133. 22 (§ 17) . do chuir se iarraidh ar thigerna A. . . . as Eirinn chuige `sent to the laird of A. to come to him from Ireland', Rel. Celt. ii 182.13 .

In complement of object of transitive verbs: with various transitive verbs (see also under several vbs.): tóbe uitiorum assa anmin `the cutting of vice out of his soul', Wb. 2c7 . aní asatorbatha `that out of which they have been cut', 5b39 . . . . benus do ṡūil as do chinn, ACL iii 308, z . ni béram ass gl. nec aufferre quid possimus ( 1 Timothy vi 7 ), Wb. 29b15 . dobert . . . dí báe déc . . . assint shíd, TBFr. 6 . an ghairbhiachtach . . . chuirid asta which they emit, TSh. 6705 . tarslaic Petrum a slabreid released Thes. ii 304.1 (Hy. i). is as do leigi iat (of shots), as a ninat . . ., Laws iv 226.17 . atdobrarbadse a tír Hérenn you have been banished from Ireland, BDD² 416 . ar ndichur a nGall esib, Ann. Conn. 1338.4 . hoc a tafonn (ac a cur v.l.) asa gort driving it out of his field, ACL iii 2.8 . gabais . . . daur . . . assa frēnaib, Sc.M² 18 . dasrenga ais `drew it out', Mon. Tall. 150.29 (§ 61). is cían rosraeined amach / Iudaich a crīch Rōmānach, ZCP viii 115.17 . dá sraoilleadh . . . as a chéile, TSh. 5696 . di loscud a thige . . . di gait as—a leth di gait ind for stealing from it . . . for bringing stolen property into it, Críth G. 123 . tonindnaig . . . leithi in chon dó assa laim chlí gives him . . . with her left hand, RC iii 177.5 . adetha C. assa láim, 6 . do urail S. a cengal as scotaib ceathra sdet `ordered him to be bound to the tails of 4 steeds', ITS xix 100.7 . gairfidh Íosa uair nó dó / as an talmhain a dteasdó, Dán Dé xiv 9 .

Common in 3 s. n. as adv. with verbs of going, etc. tíagait ass na teachta-sin depart, Sc.M² 4 R . documlát ass do Chrúachnaib, TBFr. 42 . amal ossa is amlaid rorathatar ass they ran like deer, Ériu iii 141.208 . imsái as in mac the boy turns away, Ériu i 116 § 5 . Hence with verbs of going, etc. escapes: 'san domnach dodechaid ass / a broinn in bledhmil Ionas, Ériu iii 144 § 14 . bualadh Tairrdelbaig . . . acht cena terno som ass, RC xviii 35.27 . ní dechaidh as gan gabāil nō gan marbadh acht Sir Gyi . . ., ZCP vi 72.12 . creid nách fhuil dul as ar domhan agad ót olc shíordhuidhe, Mac Aingil 1857 . Related meanings. Dies, comes to an end: dia ndech nech dībh as `departs' (this life), Marco P. 140 . din dochúaid Cerball ass, RC xx. 12 § 20 . ni ragha in la-su ass `this day will not go by', CCath. 3573 . na heirig ass co madain / do deacraib rig in richid (sic leg., ed.) do not cease till morning from (recounting) the wonders of the king of heaven, Ériu v 26.22 . co n-erlai [int archaingel] a rrecht ind ríg `forsook the law', Ériu ii 108 § 22 . With other verbs in idiomatic phrases: not-ber as dom' inchaib get thee out of my sight, ZCP i 105.1 . beir as tú `escape' Keat. iii 3246 . tucsat as in oidhchi-sin co himsnímach spent that night, Fianaig. 52.17 . a bheatha do thabhairt as go measardha to lead a life of moderation, TSh. 268 . ruccsatt ass amhlaidh sin ifoimhdin aroile they continued, Hugh Roe 288.17 (fo. 76a) . ni rug og na sen a comfad-so as damh riam gan toitim lium `held out against me', ZCP vi 101.7 . cuir ass na dorchu tuccais expel the darkness thou hast brought, Anecd. iii 35.17 . ata si arna cur as anois `it is now destroyed' (of a city), Maund. 43 . a lecan as, he was set free, RC xviii 283.15 . leicem as ar n-imram let us give up, RC xxvi. 136 § 9 . leig as 'athair cease, father, Ériu iv. 51 § 7 . do lēic ech in rīgh ar a glūinibh hī . . . ┐ nīr fēdadh as hī she could not be got out of that position, ZCP xiii 182.31 . Without accompanying vb. (freq. as ipv.) ass, a duine, ar éat `get out, O man!' (be off), Fél. 184.6 . as tír duit get thee out of the land, RC xxv 24.6 . as as bhar Fraoch get hence, get hence, said F. ML 124.13 . asa sin doibh, Rel. Celt. ii 178.3 . aisidhe dhó co Tulaig na C. thence he went, ZCP xiv 259.8 . In phrase: ní has dó there is no escape for him, he has no chance of escape (see O'Rahilly, Celtica i 348 ): ma commhor th'eucht led bhriathruibh, ni has dhamhsa if your deeds are on a par with your words there is no escape for me, Luc. Fid. 344.12 . ni has dh'aoinneach aguibh there is no escape for any of you, 284.15 . nach bu has dh'iachtaranuibh no dh'uachtaranuibh, 260.22 . ní has d'Éirinn eatorra between them Ireland has no escape, DDána 92.7 . In phr. as ┐ ind: do ḟeitheam a long . . . as ┐ ind `to watch his vessels (going) out and (coming) in', Dinds. 135 ( RC xvi 142.6 ). cloictheach . . . ┐ eoin duba . . . ind ┐ as `passing into and out of it', RC xvii 394.y .

II Expressing origin, source.

(a) from, originating in: a grec anísiu `from the Greek' Sg. 148b14 . assin tein atgládastar `out of the fire he addressed him', Thes. ii 318.4 (Hy. ii). ba hingnád aisec asind inut sin (.i. a détaib in chon allaid), Trip.² 148 . in port asa n-accai Patraic inna naimtiu, 1500 . bá foderc dó . . . assa imduí, LU 8219 ( FB § 16 ). nír faei i tig as mbi eggna suillsi tenead, BDD² 175 . is hí ro hic súil ind ríg / a topor Locha Dá líg, IT i 131.29 . is a Hérind anair, MU² 513 . secht mile as so `seven miles from here', ZCP vi 295.7 . co fesamar can as tucad till we know whence it was brought, Ériu i 46.10 . ni fes can as tánic `whence it came', RC xviii 302.7 . a tírib hIndía do, PH 820 . niamh ḟíona a hór (drunk) from a gold goblet, DDána 119.25 . from (of a number out of a group): mart as gach creich, muc as gach crú, caora as gach trét, BNnÉ 265 § 230 . sé ar fichit a Huib Neill `six and twenty of the Húi Néill', RC xxiv 202. 14 . Of the ground of proof from: is follus as for ng[n]imaib ni dligthi comardad fris etir, LU 8551 ( FB 41 ). follus asna scélaib-so Colmáin it is clear from these stories about Colman, BColm. 102, 12 . is esti demniges, PH 2185 . créad is iontuigthe as sin, TSh. 161 .

With various vbs.: nī contesba banne ass `not a drop was wanting therefrom', Thes. ii 348.3 (Hy. v). a tír asa tairidnither `from the land out of which (the water) is drawn', Ériu xvii 68 § 8 . cid asa fordailtea grád túa[i]the? what is the basis of the different grades of the `túath'? Críth G. 6 . rí rodelb eisse cach ṅduil, SR 25 . asnabbrad hi sennathib `whence it was said', Fianaig. 30.13 . rofiarfaigh dib crēd asa fuaradar an cís aingid sin, RC x 185.y . gach ainm eile . . . nach sloinntear as tarbh, Maguires of F. 45 .

(b) Hence introducing the instrument or cause of an action, etc. by, with, because or by reason of: a faill do denam for being neglectful, Laws iv 50.10 . ro bendach Pátraic asa díb lámaib in Machai with his hands, Trip.² 2799 . asa réir budesin of his own accord, Ériu i 219 § 7 . as mothoil féin `of my own will', RC xiii 272.6 . nach maith dogni duine asa chorp isin domun any good thing a man does with his body, Ériu vii 172.y . Cluain maic Nois d'argain . . . a comairle Muirchertaig, on M.'s advice, RC xviii 30.25 . is a radurc atconnairc Ith . . . Slébe Irruis deiscirt, Ériu iv 142.16 . roslen Nél assa lurg, by means of his track, Metr. Dinds. iii 404.13 . cia mod as a mbrisend recht in what way, PH 2588 . do-rinne an tshoil cumhachda gáoidhilgi ortha as ar cóir do chomhardadh íad by reason of which, IGT Introd. 11.16 . lot mh'anma a silleadh na súl / do rinneadh, Dán Dé ix 4 . a caingean Dé do diúltadh, IGT Decl. ex. 1355 . mellaid mōr duini asa dath / gid buidi in t-ōr is otrach, ACL iii 238 § 16 . Note also: ragat gussin Rōimh as go ffuilēngat croch ┐ cēssadh, Fl. Earls 206.25 ; whereby they will suffer Celtica ix 117-18 . Cf. 8.18 , 170.8 . With créd: créd dorinne sí asa rabhus di marsin what she had done that they were treating her thus, Ériu v 168.82 . créad as nach adhradh . . . na dée mar chách why, Keat. ii 5393 . With adv. as: is as tugadh Nár air this is why he was called N., 3645 .

(c) Introducing the name of a language: ainm an inaidh sin . . . a Gaeidheilcc in Irish, Maund. 57 . laphruiss . . . assin bérla glan ghrécach in the pure Grecian tongue, Anecd. i 34.70 . berla na filed asa n-acaillit cach dib aroile wherein they all address each other, Auraic. 200 .

III Miscellaneous uses.

(a) In sense of attached to, compos- ed of, in etc. : amal bīs tuir már oc fulang tige ┐ illāma esti, Corm. Y 1224 . ro-lēcis gaī form-sa co-rrabae as mo scíath `so that it stuck in my shield', Sc.M² 11 . cipe [no beth] démnach asa mér no asa brága whoever was possessed by a demon in his finger or in his throat, RC ii 400 § 40 . a edach delradach . . . imi, as a ndenad idbarta do Baich `in which he was wont to offer sacrifices', TTebe 2842 . gu bhfaiceabh asin coluinn-si Dia, ITS xix 92.6 . Cf. rí sithamail asa flaithes in respect of, Rawl. B 512 fo. 69d .

(b) After vbs. expressing recognition, etc. : atgénammár asa samail in fer sin, LU 6805 ( FB 46 ). cinnas do aith[g]ēnmais in degmnái . . . asa deilb ┐ asa costud, a tlás, a fos, a féile, ZCP viii 112.22 . misi do aimsigh Eabha / as a basuibh bairrgheala / 's as a derc ramhoill raglais, Ériu iv. 112.26 - 27 . ad-mestar asa toirthib talmain, ZCP xi 94 § 33 . ? a samlaib én n-etarlúamain, LU 8628 ( FB 47 ) (rhet.).

(c) After vbs. of bathing, washing: do-dheochaid co mbricht neimhe lé do Frāech corusfothraic ás . . . a arma he bathed his weapons in it, ZCP xiii 175.6 . doluid Cuchulaind dia bualad asna huscibsin, TBC-I¹ 2742 . nocho raibi husce ocai asa ndénad in bathis, Trip.² 91 . ro tinsain usce . . . conid as ronig a derc with it he washed his eye, Dinds. 64 ( RC xv 462 ). usce asa negar Grip, ZCP iii 214.14 . roghonais mo dhalta / rodergais as t'fhogha thou hast reddened thy spear in his blood, BS 12.14 .

(d) After vbs. of paying, exchanging, etc. dobertha a chutroma d'or ┐ d'argat ass, Hugh Roe 220.3 (fo. 58b) . diass as in cethramuin ┐ da bho as an bfer nach fuighthi dibh .i. bó as in duine ┐ bo as in éidegh, L. Chl. S. 31 . tainic Ciaran dá fhuascladh, ┐ tucc moran oir ┐ argait ass in return for him, BNnÉ 117.27 . dober braighi maith duit asum fein `I will bring thee a good hostage for myself', ZCP vi 70.15 . dlighe do dhíol as, TSh. 10084 .

(e) After words expressing hope, trust, doubt etc. : go ndearna dall / dóigh as an té do thoghsam, Dán Dé iv 26 . as do thrócuire atá ar ndóchas, xix 21 . thairisi asa deghgnimradhaibh féin, CCath. 330 . an neimhiocht gnáthach do bhí aige as féin `it was sad that his brother always had a suspicion of him', his usual mistrust for him, Keat. ii 2504 . bith cunntaphuirt agut asi[n] nduine aithenus tu `be on your guard against', Ériu v 136 § 93 . etir cin co fiss / no co n-anfiss ass, ACL iii.222.30 .

(f) After vbs. of boasting, etc. : dia maide as a shúalchib, PH 4855 . itā mo chorp 'na c[h]amra / cid uaibrech as m'urlabra, ACL iii 239 § 34 . rom-moltar ar cech feib as mo ghail, ZCP v 503.24 . créad as a ndéine díomus, TSh. 633 .

IV In later lang. also of time from, since: ní nach dearnadh as mo nua ná as mo naoidheantacht ariamh riom, ML 100.14 . fer na dechaid asa naindin riam gan cenn Connachtaig lais `from his childhood', ZCP i 103.1 . asa naidendacht `from his infancy', RC ii 386 § 9 . sé is (leg. as) th'óige ort / [is] móide ar an ḟolt mh'fiafraighidh that thou hast it since thy youth increases my wonder (?) at the hair, DDána 114.2 . asa tosuch from the beginning, Ériu iv 214.18 . nambered cách a huair dena maccleirchib dochum a tige leo `would take him home in turn', Ériu ii 222.24 .

In prep. phrases, see aithle, céile, ucht, etc. In adv. phrase see núa.

1 adba

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 adba or dil.ie/329

Forms: adhbha, -aidh, adbad, adhbhadh

n , f. Vn. of *ad-fen (see Lochlann ii 203 ). Later also t, f. adhbha f. (ó dá chéill an tráth téid a réim asda. d s. -aidh. g s. -adh n p. -tha), IGT Decl. § 4 . Also adbad: adhbhadh (: adhbhar), A. Ó Dálaigh xxxviii 5 .

Abode, dwelling place: Beccán . . . hi Cluain aird a adbae, Fél. May 26 . díambá ha.¤ ind a.¤ sin, LU 2458 . robad á.¤ daíscarsluaig, Trip.² 2399 . it adbai do demnaib indsin `these are abodes of the devil', Rule of Tallaght 74 § 42 . a a.¤ bunaid his original home, PH 7302 . isind adbai n-iffernaidi, Ériu ii 142 § 158 . téged cách díb iarom dia adbuid, LB 110b9 . as imdha aitti ┐ a.¤ aili ocon Coimdhi, Lism. L. 3703 . re h-innarba h-anma---in adbaid a n-aigérthar uirre a h-uilc MR 294.2 . i n-adhbhaidh fhalaimh, DDána 17.10 . go hadhba Poil is Pedair, (i.e. Rome), BNnÉ 283.4 .

Of the lairs of animals, etc.: a.¤ ron abode of seals (kenning for the sea), Bruchst. i 65 § 149 ( IT iii 38 § 24 ). ? do berlaib cech mil bladmair / dia n-ergnaib dia n-iladbaib, SR 7264 (could also be referred to 1 adb or 2 adba). a.¤ én, LU 3046 . condaberat leo dia n-adbai (adba, adbaid v.ll.) (locusts carrying away grapes), Ériu ii 192 § 3 . a n-adhpaid con, RC xi 130.38 . i n-a.¤ oss ┐ fíadmíl ┐ sinnach, TBC-LL¹ 5996 . dober-sa cach bó ┐ cach ben díb . . . co aitte ┐ co adbái fadessin, 4757 . gur charas an adhbhadh so tream' oileamhuin uirthe (a stag of the oak in the forest near which he was reared), Celt. Rev. x 136.16 .

Various applications: is a.¤ ega an ni atciam abode of death (i.e. a dangerous place to enter), RC xiv 54 § 66 . iar n-adbai escai .i. rofitir in n-a.¤ i mbí in t-ésca il lo ┐ in grían i n-aidchi RC xxvi 18 § 37 . rop a.¤ sciath ┐ scen, Metr. Dinds. iii 314.5 . Of the grave: in ben mór in Dagda dond / ní duachnid a n-a.¤ and, LU 4140 . a techt i n-hūire a.¤ `the abode of clay' (i.e. the grave), Fianaig. 10.16 . See also under othan. Of the body: inghnadh eagla gum anmain / mo dul as[in] drochadh- phaigh, ZCP xii 367.4 . a ádbai na ndoel (voc.), PH 8256 . iar ndenumh ádbai indat, 8278 (the body to the soul). Of a warrior: adhbha na gcraoiseach, LL 394.29 . an fer bhus adhbha sochaidhe coiseóna féin Righe `rallying-point', ITS v 26.6 . In Laws translated property: amboi (= ambua) adba .i. domo (= doma) seoit, Laws v 182 n.2 . fobith bana.¤ taisic `because female possession reverts', Laws iv 16.24 .i. fon fath is a.¤ dar coir aisec in feraind, 18.12 Comm. In kennings: Adhbha Ír Ireland, TD 19.16 . adhbha . . . chuaine Chuirc Cashel, 5.10 . Of ship: nach raibh aco lóng gan leónadh ná athbha gan fosgla, CF Eg. 22 .

admat

Cite this: eDIL s.v. admat or dil.ie/498

n o, m. vn. formation from *ad-moin-, see Celtica iv 46 and i 339 .

(a) invention, contrivance; device, artifice: bid hé corp ar n-aicde / a.¤ na ba tíamdae, Fél. Prol. 293 . gnim tanaissi . . . a.¤ adfét in scriptúir . . . bacc iairnn cech oenfir the second thing they made, an object which Scripture tells of, was an iron hook for each man, SR 4202 (of the construction of the Ark) (= is é gním tánaise dorigned ann . . . baccán iarinn cech aenduine, Celtica iv 30 ). glé ni hinunn seis na smacht / gne na hintliucht, na a.¤ craft (of the animal creation), SR 7266 . isochma do Día coro cumtaige cen adbar . . . cech n-a.¤ no cech n-aicde bes áil dó, LU 2601 . suí cech admait conna rabi riam . . . goba bad ferr, LL 13566 . greas for indeoin, admad a ceardca, tirad a n-aith, Laws v 474.2 . aithgabail goband . . . gat im indeoin ┐ apud nad derna atmat fuirri, ii 118.23. Comm. ingean Mhuireadha Meas fial-nar / ca hadmad caem ar nar' chlis, Ériu x 84 § 79 . Hence material esp. timber: atá an t-adhmat benta isin coilledh aguind (for building a church), BNnÉ 237 § 163 . ag tarraing an adhmaid on coilled, 238 § 164 . rugadar clocha . . . ┐ an tadhmad, 1 Kings xv 22 . In follg. passage glossed .i. foglaim (falso inference?): adhmad .i. foglaim . . . deismirecht aile ann gurab inann adhmad ┐ foglaim, amail adeir isin Breisligh . . . Cuin do raghtar fris? . . . co nderntar tri gaiscid linne . . . .i. adhmat sechtmaine. Is mithig duin . . . erfuagra uan for firu Erenn. Nocha mithigh . . . uair adhmad sechtmaine is adhmad secht mbliadna .i. aon la cacha bliadna . . . fri denam na ngae, O'Curry 977 (H. 3.18, 422) (from Aided Con Culainn). So also Thurn. Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. ii 15.28 (from H. 3.18, 601) `Stoff für eine Woche' etc., `material for study practice', Plummer MS. notes.

(b) poetical composition, poem: Flann mac Lonán . . . .cc. in t-adhmadsa isin lo iarna marbad, Irish Texts i 24.18 . do nithi leisiom an laoidh / an drecht sa t-adhmad d'entaoibh ZCP ii 352.11 . airligud in dine (.i. in diune) cach fir dana, dian prim-a.¤ no prim-cerdd i n-aga a erco, Laws v 372.x . is mithigh anes o eigsibh / a meic, sguir d' adhmhad tre aiebh, Ériu x 88 § 109 . ní thuillfeadh san adhmad-sa / an deachmhadh cuid dod chaithréim in this composition, DDána 120.37 . aithris dí na mharbhlaoidh más adhmad dúinn, Ó Bruad. iii 226 § ii . dá ndeachoinn do dheilbh adhmoid, Studies 1920, 263.11 . adhmad beag andso do rinde M. Séon Carsuel (a poem directing his book on its course), Carswell p. 24 . ní marbhnaid bud dáothan dó / mar ṡaothar adhmaid énbhó, IGT Decl. ex. 649 .

admolad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. admolad or dil.ie/502

Forms: adhmoladh

n u, later o, m. (ad + molad. See admolaid). In later lang. usually adhmoladh (on the phonetic treatment, see O'Rahilly, Celtica i 340 ).

Act of praising; great praise: do admolud in Choimded, Trip.² 1997 . gaibtir ag a.¤ ┐ ic [a]d[h]amrugud in sceoil sin, TBFr. p. 22 § 24 . do chum mh' Íosa . . . d'onórughadh ┐ d'adhmholadh uaim, Desid. 1666 . oirbearta na hErenn . . . d'imluadh ┐ d'adhmholadh, MR 94.z . do athchor a chotaig admolta fri righ Temrach, Anecd. ii 74 § 31 . do chuinchid a n-admolta o dainib, PH 8358 . adhmoladh Íunainde for Ercuil, Stair Erc., 430 . In ref. to literary compositions act of eulogising; eulogy, praise-poem: lo[gh] ar a.¤ , Laws v 130.1 Comm. batar int aes admolta . . . oc a.¤ ind rīg, Fing. R. 341 . ro-canait ciúil ┐ airfiti ┐ admolta dóib, CRR 13 . a n-áes ciúil ┐ airfiti ┐ admolta, 3 . ro gab F. ar a.¤ ┐ dobretha laid furri, TBC-LL¹ 783 . anois ar a cruth corcra / dailfiod [m]o deoch agmolta, ZCP ii 338.19 . sreath adhmholaidh, DDána 73.13 . do len an t-athmoladh air / fer na hathroghan d'iarraidh, IGT Decl. ex. 252 . ēigis re h-adhmolad, ML² 1193 .

aigred

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aigred or dil.ie/944

Forms: oighredh, eighredh

n [o, n.] collect. of 1 aig. Later m. oighredh, eighredh m., IGT Decl. § 11 . ice: fíal tened ┐ fíal d'aigriud, LU 2066 ( FA 14 ). ticc in t-aighredh mur ghlain nguirmm, Anecd. i 27 § 19 . do aigred for cumaicc in cristal do denum, BB 493b1 . ní biadh eighredh in gach dú, Ériu iii 148 § 4 . mar tic oigred re tāeb tuili, ACL iii 242 § 15 . sicc mor, co téighdis groigthi . . . ar in eighridh, RC xviii 30.15 . in tobair ingnáith dianad aiste óigread in cech lo , Alex. 349 (= dia ndenand oigredh isin , BB 488a28 ). nach briseann oigreadh éntráith, Ériu iv 218 § 24 . guirmither oigread a rosc, MR 64.23 . tré oighreadh núa ní chuir crú (a horse), IGT Decl. ex. 862 . Attrib. g s. cuisne eighridh, IGT Decl. ex. 368 . lec aigrid, see lecc. síon oighridh `icy weather', Studies 1921, 418 § 9 . ind aidhce adhuair eighridh, Anecd. ii 23 § 4 . i madain oighrid innfuair, SG 172.13 .

áinle

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áinle or dil.ie/1425

adj (án + lí, O'Rahilly, EIHM p. 286 ). Only in phrase i lló á.¤ on a fine day: timthirecht bech i llau ánli, BDD² 1169 . feib dodrimsired beach i llō ainle, TBC-I¹ 3553 . mar beocho aínle (no aille), TBC-LL¹ 3558 (i lló ainle, St.; a ainnle, Eg.). uiret téid uiseog i lló ainle, 5528 (St.). ar ba lir bech-telleoin hi áinnle imfreagra a ndiubraic[th]e, Dinds. 126 ( RC xvi 78 ). siubal [na saithe] mbech os a mbechlannaib i lló ainli, CCath. 5887 . ainle .i. alainn a lí, O'Cl. (cf. O'Rahilly cited above).

See áille.

1 airde

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 airde or dil.ie/1812

Forms: airrdhe, -ena

n io, n. Later f. airrdhe f., usu. -ena in pl. airrdheana sighni (ó enchéill), IGT Decl. § 180 . See Vendr. Lex.

(a) sign, token: a.¤ síde, Wb. 24b28 . a.¤ cáinchumricc `a sign of benevolence', 7b4 . a.¤ néelutha máma, 11c11 . dogéna sáibfirtu et sáiba.¤ , 26a20 . a.¤ .i. egcosc, Lec. Gl. 249 . Patraic cen a.¤ nuabair, Thes. ii 321.2 (Hy. ii). is a.¤ sīda pax , Corm. Y 1057 = is airidhe sída in phóc, Thr. Ir. Gl. 36 . noda sénsat . . . ó airdiu croiche Crist, LU 1765 . oc fegadh . . . na [ha]irrdi (nairrdhi MS.) aduathmaire sin, Aen. 72 . airgena bróin, ZCP xiii 204.5 . airrdhe na críne, vi 268.15 . d'airdhibh uilc, TD 7.11 . gach dúil ag aithne th'airdheadh, 21.41 . ni ro taisbeinsiot nach nairrdhe nuireccla idir, AFM vi 2072.2 . d'airghibh th' annsachta, Desid. 81 . ro caithset . . . co fraocha fír-nemnech . . . na h-airdheana co coitcenn re ceili, co nár fagaibsit sgiath gan sgailedh, etc. i.e. exchanged the usual signs of war(?), Celt. Rev. iv 120.12 . it e a n-airdi these are their signs (of the ogham letters), Auraic. 947 . airdheanna Inse Éireann `the Wonders of Eire', Content. vi 164 . nár mhaoidhte do R. . . . cách dá airdheanaibh d'adhradh `follow his standard', TD 20.6 . In prep. phrase i n-a.¤ : gaba(i)s a gruaide i nnairide a anacuil `as a token of (asking) quarter from him', Ériu xvi 38 § 5 . a n-airginaib broide ┐ gabala, ZCP vi 281.23 . Special sign, portent. Of the last day: ticfait a.¤ inganta, SR 8129 . nidat airdi aniussa, 8055 . fri hairrdhibh laoi bratha, AFM i 370.16 . bid hé airdi d'assliṅge, TFerbe 146 . in tan nalád in nellaib / ba hág ar na hairdenaib `constellations', Metr. Dinds. iii 428.34 . do réir fhoistine ┐ airrdhean, AFM v 1448.11 . dia ra-iarfaig C.:— ciata a.¤ iṅgantacha so?, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 10 § 13 . airdhe niongnadh do thochar an bhliadhainsi .i. di gréin d'faicsin for a rith i maille i noen , AFM ii 574.13 . na mor airrde inganta dorónta miracles , PH 3712 . Sign, symptom: ba trúag airdena gona don rígmilid. Rogabsat a chossa crithnugud . . ., LL 244a48 ( TTr. 2052 ). airrdena . . . techid, MR 232.17 . ro fiarfaig cinnus ro boi isin lucc sin nō cred rop airgena do in fott boi samlaid, Grail 3825 . bat imda a n-airlig / is léir for a n-airdhibh, ZCP viii 110 § 1 . In phrase airdena éca (báis) signs of death: ó'dchondairc airrdena éca do thuideacht chuice, Ériu iv 158 § 35 . airdena báis ┐ éca ┐ aideda, TBC-LL¹ 1237 . iar dteacht d' airgheanaibh báis i ndáil an ríogh, Keat. ii 5407 .

(b) characteristic, quality: cúic airdena déc degmná: ciall, cóime . . ., ZCP viii 118.18 . inand d' airrgenaib iad sin alike in qualities, ii 350.30 . tré na h-airdheanaibh .i. a chalmacht, etc., Hy Maine 139.8 . doigh ro chlaochlaisiot a n-airrdhe ┐ a n-aigenta `their characteristics and dispositions', AFM vi 2298 . 16 . airrdena na n-athardha d'aithreis `attributes', MR 150.12 . gnáth cédairde gach meic mhir / ag reic édaingne a aignid, O'Gr. Cat. 458.32 . lucht an dhíomuis ┐ na ndroch airghean, Eochairsg. 69.12 . is d'airdheanaibh an reithe it is one of the characteristics of the ram, TSh. 3571 . tucus grad d'airrdenuib Uilliam good qualities, O'Gr. Cat. 338.34 . acca accallamh . . . ┐ occa increachadh do thaisccéladh for a airdhibh `that they might explore his natural endowments', AFM v 1864.5 .

Compd. ¤-gnúsigud signification: ithé sidi nad techtat in na. cechtar de gl. quae neutram habent significationem, Sg. 77a6 .

áirem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áirem or dil.ie/1927
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: áram, áireamh, -imh, -mhe, áirimh, -mhe

n ā, f. Later also m. O. Ir. áram. áireamh (g s. and n p. -imh, -mhe) m. IGT Decl. § 101 . áirimh, f. (g s. and n p. -mhe), § 150 . Vn. of ad-rími.

(a) act of counting, reckoning, estimating; number, numeral: tri thogairm nanmae dæ ┐ arim a degmaine, Ml. 102d17 . ārem gl. et in calculo, Mittelalterliche volkssprachige Glossen 18 . bidh i a n-arim [fír]chert / do gaethaib da gaeth deec, SR 51 . baí ica n-áirim tria fisidecht, LU 2852 . Forgall . . . ansu árim a ilcumachta impossible to count, 10265 . teimel imorbuis Adaim / dodonarcheil ar araim `hath prevented us from being counted', Ériu xii 180.z (TE2). ocht míli déc a n-arim míli eighteen thousand reckoning by thousands, LL 219b5 ( TTr. 173 ). sé rígh ḟichead d'áireamh flath `in the reckoning of princes', TD 7.46 . is ed ro harmed ann xx. mili ar arem ainfir `twenty thousand to a man', Ann. Conn. 1256.5 . go ráinicc trí chétt cenn in airemh dibh, AFM iii 588.11 . áireamh a fhearta / lia ná áireamh sneachta sin, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxvi 10 . airim craeibhi ar conuibh Finn i.e. Finn's hounds are as numerous as branches, Acall. 192 . snaidhm díamhair ar tháobh na táibhle / sáor ag íarraidh áirmhe as, IGT Decl. ex. 1385 . dofarcat cech nárim `who surpass every number', Fél. July 15 . co ndechaidh tar airem a nesbadha their losses were innumerable, RC xviii 173.2 (Tig.). ni fuil airim ara med do clēirchib . . ., 30.33 . ro femed a airium and ar marbad do gallaib, Cog. 38.1 . number, numeral: huare is haram foirbthe ind aram séde `because the number six is a perfect number', Thes. ii 31.25 . numerus .i. is á n-aram `it is their number', Ml. 18d3 . isí chetne aram sainigedar fri hunáir, Sg. 41b9 . na nota áram gl. numerorum figurae, 6b21 . frisin n-araim ṅgrecdi gl. ad Graecum numerum, Thes. ii 34.28 . fotha airim (airmi v.l.) = fundamentum numeri, Auraic. 690 = fotha airme, 3319 . lochdach iomurbháidh a ttús chomhfhocuil . . . no áireamh i.e. a numeral is not to be used as first element in a compound, IGT Introd. 24.23 .

(b) certain collective quantity, amount, sum: in n-arim gl. summam, Ml. 36a27 . amal bid i n-araim gl. in summa, 88c12 . In Laws used in the technical sense of the proper number of stock which a claimant may place on land to which he lays claim, Plummer MS. notes: biri airem lat .i. da ech i llaim, O'Curry 850 ( H 3.18, p. 386a ). dobeir do airim isa tir, O'Curry 851 (ib.). berid forcraid nairme hi tir, ib. dilse nairme i.e. forfeiture of the cattle in an illegal entry, O'D. 746 (H. 3.17, col. 541). dia mbera airaín (sic leg.) for airím teachta do dainib ┐ eachaib if he brings any persons or horses in excess of the legal number (it is all forfeited), Laws iv 26.3 Comm. is leth dilsi nairme i sodhuin, 26 Comm. fiac techtai[g]the . . . ┐ dilsi nairme, iii 148.6 Comm. cenmotha airme ata mo, ii 110.14 .

(c) reckoning, computation (of time): 1602 do réir airmhe na Saccsan ┐ do reir rímhe na Romhan as 1603, AFM vi 2322.y . re n-aiream suas co saerNín, BB 14a5 ( MacCarthy 316.z ). do réir áirimh na nEabhraidheach, Keat. ii 124 . ind áireamh na naes, Leb. Gab.(i) 2.13 .

(d) grammatical number: áram inchosaig dede ar is áram ilair . . . acht asringba óen, Sg. 71a2 . dobriathar áirme `numeral adverb', 71b14 . ar is coitchen ade cacha áirme, 198a14 . dechor nuird in arim fil indib ┐ it anmmann uirdd fo ṡodain, 41b7 . ní aiccidit di aram air cia beit dobriathra persandi robiat sidi cen áraim, 71b8 . ni techtat arim, 161a2 . doḟoirdet áraim, 203b11 . do chenelaib ┐ áirmib ecsamlib `to different genders and numbers', 211a14 . etir di árim, 72a2 . trissin n-airim nilair, Ml. 48c19 .

(e) act of enumerating, recounting: ni tairesad a thuruim, no a asneis, no a arium no a innisi [an] ro odimset Gaedil, Cog. 50.18 . Machabeus . . . / cen árem ni foelab, Gorm. March 31 . áireamh ┐ iomrádh a n-éacht ┐ a n-áitheas do dhéanamh, TSh. 5578 . beag dhe ré n-áireamh na aghaidh little can be said against him, Content. xxv 10 . cóir a n-anmanna dh'airemh, IGT Decl. ex. 1136 . gi bé do dáileadh damhsa / gan é d'áireamh oramsa that you did not count against me, TD 14.9 . ní chlos éin-bhean aca sin . . . ós breacmhoigh Éireann d'áireamh no woman amongst them is heard of as having ruled over Ireland, Content. xxx 21 .

(f) estimation, repute, account: docuala h'airem ┐ h'ardnos, ZCP vi 25.21 . fuair ar eachtra áireamh ríogh `wins kingly glory on foray', Magauran 1683 . aon dhuine ba mó . . . aireamh, AFM iv 680.5 . ant aentaisech dob ferr icht ┐ airem ┐ enech, Ann. Conn. 1281.3 . [ní dearnadh] . . . ó [th'éaga] . . . / míorbhail nar chuir áireamh ort, DDána 59.32 .

(g) act of reckoning with, among (LA, I N-): is la brethir a n-áram gl. quare non sunt separanda a uerbo, Sg. 26b17 . nephdenom rainne di foleith acht a aram la ainm, 188a22 . mad t'árim immorro bail i m-biat dagláich, TBC-LL¹ 1851 . 'sgan mindeabhaidh ann d'áireamh, TD 4.18 . In phrases: téit i n-a.¤ : tet i n-airium aitgina do cuic seoit na hoidhche sin the five seds of that night are reckoned as part of his restitution, Laws ii 16.28 Comm. ni teit i nairem cinad do cuilain do breith having brought forth whelps is not taken into account in its trespasses, iii 416.1 . do-beir i n-a.¤ takes into account: nim-mór as tabart[h]a i n-árim na tacair, LL 229b44 ( TTr. 932 ). ni tardat i n-airium cenela n-examla, BB 3a7 . ní thibérsa tusa i n-áirem `I will hold thee of no account', PH 1804 .

(h) regarding, reckoning as (AR): ba háiremh ar easbuidh dUltaibh a iondsoigid fothaibh his attack as good as meant defeat (lit. loss) to the men of U., ZCP xiv 232.1 . meic ríogh san fhochla fhéinneadh / fíon gléigheal ortha d'áireamh they were reckoned as, IGT Decl. ex. 139 . clann M. . . . gé fhuairsed urri áirem though they have been reckoned amongst them (lit. her) (?), Hy Fiach. 214.2 .

aiste

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aiste or dil.ie/2515

n m. and f. * ad-sem-, Wortk. 53 . `?Lat. essentia', Plummer MS notes.

(a) characteristic, special quality, peculiarity: a.¤ in finda sin `the peculiarity of that hair', Fél.² cxliv 35 . rosuithe dó dáma (glossed dana) deacta .i. do a.¤ na deachta, LU 756 (ACC) = RC xx 178 § 45 . hi ḟail in tobair ingnáith dianad a.¤ óigread in cech lo , Alex. 349 . inis . . . ise a h-aisdi na cuirp berar inti ni lobait iter, Todd Nenn. 192.9 . ar besaib ┐ ar caen-estib (sic) (com-aistib v.l., leg. caem-a.¤ good qualities), Cog. 82.2 . inund aisti arúath dúinn, / inund gasced gnath, TBC-LL¹ 4172 ( LL 11005 ). is í a.¤ in chuilén-sin, PH 3438 . mórad ceall dob aisde agaibh (to St. Patrick), Dán Dé xii 13 . mōr d'aistib na n-ērlam fúair, ACL iii 307 § 28 . a.¤ gach céime i gcalmacht / gaisce féile is flathamhlacht, Hackett liii 23 . ni heiccen co mad aisdi do ierraidh do litrip ind ogaim ┐ do muitib na Laitne, ar is a nguthagoip forbaigter-side do gres a common nature, property, need not be sought for in Ogham letters and Latin mutes, since the latter always terminate in a vowel-sound (whereas the former do not), Auraic. 3015 .

Type, variety, class (of performance): dona cēadaistibh reapraidh dō, Feis Tighe Chonáin 227 . doghníadh C. aisde crábaidh C. used to practise a special kind of devotion, BNnÉ 141.1 is anaichnidh do muintir C. . . . ind a.¤ trialltai .i. teiched, CCath. 3563 . m'ionuath a aisde dá éis `very horrible his fate thereafter', Dán Dé xxvi 53 . iollardacht m'aisdeadh the variety of my talents, ML 124.6 . atá d'aistidhibh 's d'ealadhain nódh aca nach taobhtha d'aonneach . . . they have so many wiles and arts that none can trust them (of women), Hackett xxvi 63 . Pattern: im a.¤ lamthoraid, Laws i 150.8 .i. fuath in gresa innti, 152.23 Comm. Cf. a.¤ ab astilis ō slisnib corthaire, O'Mulc. 64 . way, manner: gurob é aisde ar a mbídís 'na suidhe, Geneal. Tracts i 39.12 .

With prepp. ar a.¤ like: ar a haisde is aghtha dhamh / brath leannáin dom lucht diomdhadh, O'R. Poems 2917 `just like her must I hope to find a lover', p. 229 . ar gach én a.¤ on every ground, BNnÉ 250 § 204 . Seonin a Burc do marbad arin asti cetna, Ann. Conn. 1342.4 . ar aisde na dinginn se in a way in which I could not achieve it(?), BNnÉ 132.z . fo a.¤ like: luin gela bid ann . . . ┐ celebraid a tratha fo aisti na heclaise, Trip. xliii 5 . fo aisti an Gregaid, Auraic. 3379 . tar a.¤ : rala ág dar [a] a.¤ / ra chuir ár (ar) na cichloiste beyond what he was used to, TBC-LL¹ 1477 .

(b) metre: cia lín na naisti . . . a cuíc sescat ar trí cetaib, IT iii 67 § 1 . cate a aisti coír cach baird, 22 § 67 . aisteda na ndaerbhard, 23.1 . it núacrutha na haisti seo, ar it núalitríde arrangatar íat, § 68. aisti ollaman bairdni inso anuas . . . aisti ansrutha bairdne inso sís, 10 § 12 , § 13 . iss hi seo ind a.¤ blaith brass / in ṅgnathaighther in senchass, 106.18 . cia a.¤ triasin ṅdernad in Félire . . . rindard, Fél. 4.24 . isin erlabra fégtair inna haisti, LU 461 (ACC). sluindfet duib dagaisti in dana, LL 5227 . dechnad mór . . . a.¤ is ferr i nHere, 5250 . ellach .i. aisti, ut est cibe cenel dina secht n-eillghibh .i. dona secht n-aistibh, O'Dav. 765 . co festar in n-aisti dona seacht primellgibh na filideachta, Auraic. 1687 . claechlodh aisdi change of metre, IGT Metr. Faults § 22 . i n-aisde 's i n-ábhacht, recitations, Hackett² xliii 240 .

1 aitecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aitecht or dil.ie/2539

Forms: oideacht, oideachd

n (1 aite) oideacht m. IGT Decl. § 24 . oideachd f., § 26. tutorage, instruction: log . . . a oidechta, Laws v 212.21 Comm. ernail na haideachta, MR 294.19 . seal do re hoideacht (hoideas v.l.) scol, BNnÉ 282 § 268 . do ghabh proigeacht an pobal / glan an oideacht úaradar, IGT Decl. ex. 840 . ochd bfir as ḟearr n-oideachda, ex. 856 . dobadh léir é ar a oidiocht / sé in gach céim gá chomhaideacht, Studies 1918, 98 § 4 . an oideacht doním aniogh / dá dhaltaibh . . ., 1924 , 88 § 21 . an fáidh ó bhfuair gach oideacht, DDána 73.21 .

aithtinól

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aithtinól or dil.ie/2805

n (tinól) act of reassembling: in slog do athtinol . . . fri hathchathugud, Alex. 168 . Goill do aithtionol sa cédna, AFM iv 886.4 . attinól sluaigh, AU iii 492.7 .

allas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. allas or dil.ie/2942
Last Revised: 2019

n o. See LEIA A-62 , Féil. Mhic Néill 142 . perspiration: a.¤ .i. sudor , Thes. ii 42.17 . roleg bruth ┐ allus in miled hé the heat and sweat of the soldier melted him, LU 7976 . do modh . . . do slechtanaib co tī th'a.¤ co menic (rule for religious life), ZCP iii 30.8 . allus de / isin lo the conaire, IT iii 103 § 196 . dopperar ēttach tromm foir condotice aldus, ZCP vi 257 § 6 . in damuscach allais effusion of sweat , PH 3042 . lan do a.¤ o cind co bond, Todd Nenn. 80.z . allos (sic leg.) na fala bloody sweat, PH 22 . cludugad co maith no co ngabhadh si allus, Irish Texts v 18.30 . do bhí a a.¤ mar bhraona fola, Luke xxii 44 . dá ttiubhra allus, Ezekiel xliv 18 . rochruaidh an punc ann a gcuirir me, ┐ beana[i?]dh se a.¤ as mo mhuintir uile (a disputant who is driven into a corner), Luc. Fid. 316.20 . allus a maoile fein ícus cach from the sweat of his own brow comes each man's good (prov. saying), BNnÉ 301 § 5 . a.¤ Mhuire name of a plant , RC iv 190 n. Attrib. gen.: don plaidh allais the sweating sickness, AU iii 358.16 . bréit allais handkerchief (sudary), PH 2193 .

1 amm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 amm or dil.ie/3157

n n., later m. Perh. o-stem, the form áim, LU 7656 (`time', BDD 122 ) being for áin (óen), and in aim when a gen. of time (see exx. below).

Time, point of time: a.¤ aile a second time, LB 231a23 . ón ro delaig rinde . . . co ham na huaire sea, Acall. 3452 . cá ham san , TSh. 1174 . slechtsat tri maige, méd n-a.¤ `after many a spell', Metr. Dinds. iii 198.13 . as ann báttar . . . mun amsa a ccomhghar do Loch mic F., AFM iii 224.12 . ann amaibh eile at other times, Donlevy iv 23 . Of age: cid óc th'am-sa `though young thy age', Ériu iv 100 § 36 . right time, due season: leis commus ar marbthane / in tan tic in ta.¤ (: cland), LL 306a26 . doriacht a ham ┐ rotuisim oen ingin time of delivery, Dinds. 41 ( RC xv 432 ). do b'é a am `it was high time', PBocht 13.28 . go nár bo ham dóibh luamaireacht, ML 108.13 . a nam ┐ a nanam, 2 Timothy iv 2 . 'na a.¤ in its right time: slighe Dé d'imtheacht 'n-a ham to pursue God's way at the proper time, DDána 3.17 . do-bheir i seachmall a déanamh 'na ham in its due time, TSh. 7392 . fós ós chách do-chuaidh 'n-a am / go hág ar an uair do b'fhearr, DDána 93.27 . With qual. gen.: dessid C. i n-Emain cor bo amm scailti till it was time to disperse, TBC-LL¹ 965 . ám tuismedha, CCath. 648 . ind am éicne in time of need, Lism. L. 3273 . i nam foghelta, Laws ii 114.18 Comm. o do rodha (= do raga) aim iunta `time of laying', iii 380.4 Comm. (leg. aimser?). a.¤ treabhtha, IT iii 196 § 46 . a n-am brēithre Dē d'ēistecht, ACL iii 222.12 . mar sin dóib co ham deirid oidche, SG 56.8 . is am [d'ḟéachain], A. Ó Dálaigh xv 18 . In phrase fo-gaib (or similar vb.) a.¤ (ar) finds time, opportunity (for); gets a chance of: fuair ríghbhean am ar n-eagair found time to arrange us, DDána 48.24 . ó fríoth an t-amsa ar Oileach `having got a chance of O.' Aithd. D. 37.23 . nach faghthar ort am / cruas do chaitheamh liom that you would never have the chance of treating me harshly(?), PBocht 5.25 . mar fuair ar ṡíol Ádhaimh am when (Christ's) time to save Adam's race had come, DDána 3.22 . nach bhfághuid am air urnaigh do dheunadh, Donlevy 478.6 . Note further: am a thabhairt d'a shearbhfhóghantuighibh . . . urnaigh do dheunadh `to allow his servants time . . . ', Donlevy 478.22 .

Adverbial: nach am (not) at any time, Laws i 254.21 Comm. dáig bá snímaig cech a.¤ thair `they were distressed perpetually', Metr. Dinds. iii 4.31 . in ám-sin tra ro-thatin óc milid . . ., PH 7230 . is gach am, Dán Dé xxvi 13 . gach ré n-am alternately, TSh. 6220 . i n-a.¤ at the right time: Muire ┐ naoimh go ttíghid ionar bhfochair a n-am, Párl. na mB. 318 . an lóirghnīomh do dhénamh a n-am, Mac Aingil 3926 . seanḟocal ré rádh i n-am, Content. xxvii 9 .

Phr. a n-a.¤ , in a.¤ (aim) when: ana.¤ dollodar, Blathm. 317 . a n-am luide don chrund siúil, LU 10609 = in am, CCC 6 § 6 . in aim tra ráncatar Emain, LU 8935 ( FB 70 ). inaim robo sāithech . . . Fer Diad, TBC-I¹ 2221 . in am inat ṡlána secht ṁ-bliadna déc, TBC-LL¹ 1065 ( in aim, 1386 ). in gach am no tomaithead egendail forro `whensoever', CCath. 924 . in n-am bias a chorp a ngill `when he is in need', PH 7548 . sealbh na n-uile an t-am fa bhfuair, Aithd. D. 66.37 . With follg. i n-: an am inda frecrat anfolaid, Laws ii 326.11 .i. an uair, 17 Comm. in am in tochumlat when they swarm (of bees), iv 176.21 .

anaibsech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anaibsech or dil.ie/3294

adj o, ā (aidbsech) not excessive: mad fogus duit sa lo iat as anaibsec a solus `their light is not so bright', Ir. Astr. Tr. 106.18 . triall anaibhseach ag linn láin / amairseach ngráidh sinn dar siair a full pool has not excessive movement (still waters run deep?), PBocht 11A.3 .

anfainnigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anfainnigid or dil.ie/3554

v (anfainne?) weakens, enfeebles: gach uile imarcraidh anbhfainnighios (anbainnighios, MS) ana nadúir `all superfluities which in their nature debilitate', O'Gr. Cat. 226.32 . anbaindigter an naduir on leiges, RC xlix 26.10 . maidm . . . dar ainfainnigh iat humbled them, AU iii 514.10 . roanmaindigh Día an dragun, ZCP vi 295.3 . da hanmainneoctaig gluasacht na firmaminti, Ir. Astr. Tr. 76.9 . rohanfainnidhedh . . . na Geistedha uili, Ériu v 156. z . In intrans. sense: do anbhfainnigheadar do mhic thy sons have fainted, Isaiah li 20 . má anbhfainnighionn tú a na aindeisi if thou faint in the day of adversity, Proverbs xxiv 10 .

Vn. ag anbhaindiugad na brighi, RC xlix 18.11 . do bas 'ga anmainniugud co mor, CF 890 .

Cf. anfannugud.

anfáth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anfáth or dil.ie/3562

n (fáth) non-cause, unreason: na clerig na creid co brath / uair ni chanait acht anfath nonsense , RC xxiii 416.18 . sacart cemad garb a guth / amail bīs salchar re sruth / acht co nderna sē a thrātha / folcaid uile a anbfātha it washes away all his thoughtlessness(?), ACL iii 222.17 . gá sena, nir dhichell dhamh / tuilledh is teóra bliadhan / mo chedfher cumainn do chách / ecen urraim don anfáth one must yield to necessity, Irish Texts ii 79.6 . ? ní bia fáitsine cobrath / on gabthai dim a.¤ , FDG 561 . In chevilles: is amlaid thicfa do bráth / mac de athar cen anfáth, KMMisc. 156.132 . do rer rechtai cin anḟath, 158.148 . gan anfath, BB 231a36 . can anfháth `without fail', Ir. Review 1912, 248 § 2 . gan anbfath, Irish Texts iii 57.104 . See anbáth.

1 anocht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 anocht or dil.ie/3736

n m. Orig. n., Thurn., ZCP xvii 290 . fault to be avoided by poets (see Bergin, Ériu xii 220 ): a.¤ ainm coitchend . . . / do lean do gach lanphudair / int a.¤ . . . / cia ralocht dian ruidles, Auraic. 2071 . da a.¤ deg . . . / dlegait a fis na filid, 1970 . dialt n-etarleimi n-oll / icaid da a.¤ aconn, 2102 . cindas aincit anuchtu, 2009 . dingbaid dichnead tri phudra / d'ar n-anochtaib anumla, 2112 . a.¤ mas ainm do cach locht / cid dia n-aidera d'oenlocht?, 2075 . Used for a specific metrical fault (in which a word in one line of a couplet lacks the required rhyme with a word in the other): nocho gabam ar mo gol / on lo nach marand Murc[h]odh—o nach fuil comhardudh a n-aighidh an `lo' ann sin amail ata re `marand' is eadh do-ber in t-a.¤ , IGT Metr. Faults § 6 . trefhocul . . . can anoc[h]t, Auraic. 5062 ( IT iii 126 ) .i. cia locht .i. a nda nocht iarna diriuch don dligiud, 5222 .i. cen nocht and . . . asberat na hugdair: fogonar airchetul i n-a.¤, ut est: torc atchiu argair gabair / fiu Corc no Lorc no Lugaidh— `argair' and cen ni fris cia rodligh co fil nocht and foesin, 5226 . dlighidh aithne ar lochduibh . . . mur atá . . . mac ar muin no anuchd, IGT Introd. 2.29 . Of a gramm. fault: milliud [remi] gach reim n-olc / do ni ainm ni acht a.¤ , Auraic. 2178 .

apdanaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. apdanaigid or dil.ie/3874

Forms: apdainigid

v also apdainigid (apdaine) rules, holds sway over (DO): dorigní am in lespaire is mo . . . co ro 'pdanaiged don lo . . . ┐ dorigni retlanda . . . coro aptaínigdis do lo ┐ do aidchí, BB 15b17 - 20 ( Gen. i 16 ).

apstal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. apstal or dil.ie/3887

Forms: abstal, abstil, abstul, abstolaib, asbal, asbal, asbhal, esbal, esbhal, absdal, eabsdal, eabhsdal, abhsdal

n o, m. (Lat. apostolus). abstal, Wb. 10c16 . abstil (g s.), 10c20 , 23a10 . abstul, Lism. L. 4605 . abstolaib, Thes. ii 247.13 ( Cambr. 38a ). Later also asbal. See esbal. See GOI § 919 . asbal asbhal esbal esbhal absdal eabsdal [eabhsdal abhsdal add. P] m., IGT Decl. § 11 . asbail (g s.) (asbhuil, v.l.): casmail, ex. 389 .

Apostle . In O. Ir. glossing Lat. apostolus, Wb. 5b17 , 10c16 , 18c1 , 18d1 , 21c5 , 25a14 ; Ml. 38c3 , 42b7 , 50d16 . condartar ainm napstil doib tre precept nimdibi dúibsi, Wb. 20c24 . apstil i tossug, 27a5 . fornét frisáibapstalu dar[m]chensa, 16b4 . uitam aeternam amal dombérthar dúnni apstalaib, 25d12 . amal dundrignis do Pól a.¤ , Ml. 128a12 . Patraicc príma.¤ Hérenn, Thes. ii 322.4 (Hy. iii). apstol .i. ab postulo ad Deum .i. tochuirim, Corm. Y 77 . rig no esbog no comarba abstail (prob. of `the twelve apostles of Ireland'), Laws v 242. 25 Comm. soillsi Críst ┐ na n-a.¤ , Trip.² 57 . hi feil a.¤ , LU 1857 . da apstal déc innsi Fáil, SG 34.35 . da apstol decc na hErenn, BNnÉ 96 § 1 . for altóir Petair apstail, Ériu ii 192 § 1 . fri harchangliu ná hapstalu, 194 § 8. Jacōb mac Ailphi cen on / ulcha fata ar in abstul, iii 196 § 11 . san domnach . . . tadbas Críst da aspulaib, 144 § 17. a absail (v s.) (: bratsain), Dán Dé xii 22 . na hasbhail (: an tann-sain) . . . uile, xv 23 . is é céid-easbal do chan / 's do thréigeasdar é an t-asbal, xx 7 . do gun asbal inn, IGT Decl. ex. 388 . do delbhoip . . . apsal, Fl. Earls 70.1 .

Cf. axal.

árc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. árc or dil.ie/3991

Forms: áirc, ārcc: trācht, háirce

n ā, f. Later also áirc (f., IGT Decl. § 14 ) (Lat. arca, see GOI 573 . Vendr. Lex.). ārcc: trācht, SR 2601 . áirc (: báirc), TD 7.38 . g s. na háirce (: slánte, LL 17455 , : fáilte, DDána 107.23 ).

Coffer, chest: taisi . . . do chor i n-áirc baí 'arna himdenamh d'ór ┐ d'argatt (of a saint), AFM i 404.11 . i n-a.¤ a anma, PH 7101 . ro-oslaicset a n-árccu (of the wise men), 7017 . airc na ttrī rīgh dodeachator d'aithreōss Críst, Fl. Earls 100.23 . co nár ibh daif a harcc n-aile (B. na f.), ZCP viii 102.10 = conasibh digh a leastur aile, Ériu ii 186.10 . ? crodh roimh an arc (prov.), Hard. ii 398.z . Of a coffin(?): mo comaid fri coimine / in tan focroilge a ar[c] (: barc) when his coffin lies under a grave(?), H 3.18, 19 marg. sup. = mo chuma-sa iar Cummīniu / ōn rofoilgedh a ārc (: bārc) `da sein Leib zugedeckt worden ist', Bruchst. 41 § 5 . donn ainech do bodba bairc / cruimgel is [a] tond fri hairc, O'Mulc. 595 .

Ark of the covenant: in nél nobith immun aírc, Ml. 83a4 . hí coimtecht inna árcae, 82d1 . ind arcc testemain, SR 4188 , Celtica iv 32.436 . co nderntais . . . in n-airc t., BB 241b8 . ar cenn na hairce, SR 6667 . ré háirc Ndé bhí, Desid. 3921 . an Áirc . . . cona taiscedhaib, Maund. 80 . treabh Leui, an Airc 'na brataigh mar shuaitheantas, Keat. iii 1997 . Of Noah: a hairc mic Laimiach tuca[d] artus (expl. of name Baircne), O'Dav. 242 . o rolínad ind arc, SR 2509 . lucht na hairce, 2606 . co toracht in n-aircc, 2571 . do bennaich Nái in áircc, Ériu v 49.8 . sáer na háircci, 49.1 . roairis in áirc iar ternam o dhilinn, Marco P. 4 .

Fig. of a person: a airc an reachta (of Blessed Virgin), Parrth. Anma 3959 .

Cf. 3 arg.

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