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2 áes

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 áes or dil.ie/645
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: áes, aeis, aesa

n u, m. áes m. (g s. and n p. aeis, aesa), IGT Decl. § 38 .

People, folk, those who, etc. Almost invariably with qual. clause, adj., or noun in gen.: áis fil oc turcbail grene gl. qui primi hominum solem uident, Ml. 94b18 . ?dommuinetar indóini is (indoiss, MS.) ferc do insin, 49b7 . dond aos bís illobrae `to those that are lying sick', Mon. Tall. 148.9 (§ 56) . genaiti áesa a Tenmag Trogaigi, LU 3521 . a Athair na n-uile aos `Father of all folk', A. Ó Dálaigh xxix 4 .

With follg. adj.: int ais amprom `the wicked ', Ml. 31c6 . int óis anfoirbthe `the imperfect folk', Wb. 13c13 . ind aiso boicht `of the poor ', Ml. 31c1 . in n-áis déed `the lazy folk', Wb. 25c19 . aithbeoadh aois éidtreoraig `a resurrection of all feeble folk', O'Gr. Cat. 485.1 . int ais firian `the righteous ', Ml. 55d11 . tairisem ind aiso firien, 54a13 . ni forcital óisa foirbthi `of perfect folk', Wb. 8c3 . ind aosae galrich `of sickly persons', Mon. Tall. 146.27. (§ 52) . dar cenn ind óesa lobuir `for sake of the feeble folk', Wb. 10c11 . int ais lósc `the blind ', Ml. 45c9 . in n-aés moith ┐ anfoirbthe `the tender and imperfect', 45b17 . ind áisso noib `of the saints ', Ml. 27c2 . inna fochaide dobertar forsin naís noib, Ml. 27b15 . in t-aes ócc óetedhach the young , TTr.² 1218 . aes sruith superiors , Trip.² 2115 . cen imcomet aesa sruith, Laws iii 510.2 . With follg. noun in gen. (for similar phrases see fer, lucht): áes . . . airechta members of an assembly , O'D. 544 ( H 3.17 c. 435 ). bhur náos énúaire sojourners , Levit. xxv 23 . áos aithrigi ` penitents ', Mon. Tall. 131.z (§ 11) . in t-aes cairdiusa ┐ caradraidh friends , CCath. 233 . óis carcre ` prisoners ', Wb. 28d30 . áes comchotaig allies, partners , LU 4637 (TBC). aes comgnima co-operators, fellow-workmen , Laws v 156.18 Comm. aes cotalta sleepers , Laws iii 220.23 Comm. don aes na deiccsin (leg. -sen) the watchers , BDD² 589 . aithgabail aesa ecolsa ` ecclesiastics ', Laws ii 120.5 Comm. fíad áes enig, LU 3903 ( SCC § 41 ). áes gráda retainers, counsellors : ar marbad a muintiri, ocus aessa grada, ocus a comalta, Cog. 62.2 . tugudur a aes gradha mur comurle dó, ZCP vi 273.4 . is and sin do gluaisetar a glanaos gradha gu hO mBriain, ITS xxvi 63.25 . do gluais uathad da aes grada, Ann. Conn. 236(s.a. 1315.11) . ro airc Feidlimid iar sin aes grada Ruaidri h. Conchobair, 1316.4 . for aes n-imthechta messengers , TBC-LL¹ 148 . mian ngalair aesa inhuitir `sick craving of invalids', Ériu xii 20.1. (BCrólige). á.¤ láime actual perpetrators: is iat is aes laime ann lucht in combaiti, Laws iii 252.13 Comm. ( lucht laime, 8 ). æs mancuine `personal retainers ', Ériu xii 40 § 50 (BCrólige). oís muntire gl. domistici Dei, Wb. 21c4 ; 21b12 . do óes oifrinn congregation at mass, Trip.² 1386 . ar n-óis rechto `we folk of the Law', Wb. 31d1 . int ais sechmaill `the passers-by ', Ml. 102a15 . romtar óis teglig `folk of (His) family', Wb. 7b13 . ond áes tuaithe from the laity , Wb. 28b32 . Esp. to denote an occupation or calling: óes cherdd craftsmen or poets , Críth G. 281 . int aos creth poets , ACL iii 310 viii 3 . a.¤ dána artists, poets , see dán. a.¤ gráid men in orders, see 1 grád. a.¤ gráda favourites, confidants, etc. see 2 grád.

Folld by gen. of a place-name: áes an Arda (= Firu Arddae § 1), ACL iii 296 § 35 . for aes mbabelone `the Babylonians ', Ml. 107a5 . áis inna ethiobae `those of Ethiopia', 94b22 . á áis siriae `O Syrians', 66c12 . aes na Temrach, BDD² 159 .

In nn. loc. see Hog. Onom.

billóc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. billóc or dil.ie/5904
Last Revised: 2019

n : billōg .i. tiag lobar, O'Mulc. 187 . bilóc (billoc, v.l.) .i. tiagh lobuir , CIH 1069.31b, 606.25 . ? = 1 bileóc, Stud. Celt. xlvii 62-63 .

éccond

Cite this: eDIL s.v. éccond or dil.ie/19448

Forms: eccuind

adj o-ā wanting in sense, without reasoning power ; mentally defective, irresponsible ; as subst. one legally incapable ; a minor, an imbecile (see ZCP xiv 379 § 43 . 380 ) : dia athair nírbo chialla | ferg fri mac noí certbliadna...dáig rofitir ba hécond, Metr. Dinds. iv 132 . énirt cach n-écond ACL iii 228.85 . écond cach fuithi, ib. 90 . dligid econd imcomet, Anecd. iii 14 . faill do connaib cen imcomet cach ecuind, Laws iii 500.21 . athgabail lobuir ecuind distress from a sick imbecile i 192.13 . on do econn `a loan to a deranged person' v 370.4 . airligud de econn, 372.5 . dul ar éconn `to go security for an imbecile' Triads 235 . v s m. a shir oig eguind anbhfesaigh, ZCP vi 66.11 . g du. comrac da eccond, Laws v 490.6 . (in n.l.) Ess Da Écconn, Leb. Gab.(i) i 26 . cuan Easa Dá Éagann, TD 1.50 . Ros Inbhir dá ēgonn, Ériu viii 137 . pl. eccuind `imbeciles' Laws i 242. 12 (with gl. .i. na meic beca no mir little boys or lunatics 244.29 ). mná meic scceo inghena, aos galair, eccuinn ┐ aos arsaidh ` idiots ' AFM v 1730 . urscar[t]ad rob ┐ eccond driving away beasts and irresponsible persons (to guard them from accident) Laws v 156 n.5 . Of language : is ainndiuid amnaireach econd tosach h'uraghaill foolish ZCP vi 26.14 .

Cf. máthir coctha coisicartha eccuinn, O'Dav. 1212 (Stokes would read : c. coscartha, but the meaning seems to be the—? of an incapable is a source of war; leg. coisecrad e.¤ ?). See also éccodnach.

gemen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gemen or dil.ie/25620

n (also gaimen) o, m. a skin, a hide integument ; a couch or seat of hide : gaimen .i. gaimfinn, is sia a find-side quod [h]ieme occiditur , Corm. Y 242 . trénbrat ... marbad gemen coem comlán (of the heavens encompassing the earth), SR 189 . direnar daggamun, Laws iv 314.5 . gaimen ocus cherchuill, v 406.17 . ni inorgaiter gaimin `no hides are beaten,' Ériu xii 48.13 . a c[h]erchaill clūimhe ┐ a geimhin claisi (of the effects of a dead monk), ZCP vi 271.22 . gemen findach fírgámna, MacCongl. 95.27 . atracht asa churuch gaimhin, Anecd. ii 18.1 . isé dergudh is córu ... feis a cochlan for geimin, D IV 2 47r marg. infra . bā cǣra for gaimen (of a vain effort ; cf. nibdar caera ar seichi, Ériu vii 242.6 ), MacCongl. 73.21 . Cf. MR 124.14 . pl. ocht n-imdai ... cona córus tincair itir corcailli ocus gaimniu suidi, Laws iv 326.6 Comm. athgabail lobuir dia mbe for gaimniu, i 192.13 gl. .i. ... a taeb risna gemnib, 194.3 Comm. g p. ? co fagbuitis landgur a n-gainme forro (of serpents) the scales of their skins, BB 495a3 (Alex.). In n. l. : Glenn Gaimen, Hog. Onom. 443a . Same word (?) : co ngemlib gemen (: Nemid), LL 695 = co ngeimlib glainír, BB 28b11 = co ngeimhlibh glainfhir, Leb. Gab.(i) i 98.15 .

lobur, lobor

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lobur, lobor or dil.ie/30409
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: lobar, lobhar, lobuir

adj o,ā. Later lobar.

(a) weak, infirm, sick, afflicted : bille .i. bochd, mar tá, faighdheach, truagh, lobhar, no beag, O'Cl. hore as l.¤ amal chach `infirm', Wb. 33c2 . aís lobor `feeble folk', 17b29 . cia bo lobor oc tecmallad (of one gathering manna), 16c26 . do deórudán l.¤ , Fél. Ep. 366. áos labor tra ┐ senoire, Mon. Tall. 145.4 . ? bearna [i] luing lubhair `a battered ship,' Magauran 4343 . Compar. ata lobru amal rongab cride et óa gl. (membra corporis) infirmiora, Wb. 12b1 . hóre as lobro mulier quam uir, 17b29 .

As subst. o, m. lobhar, IGT Decl. § 17 : is gnáth do cobir cach lobir gl. qui consulatur (sic) humiles, Wb. 16a31 . cāinbói fri lobru trúagu `gentle was she to the wretched sick', Thes. ii 328.3 ( Hy. v ). iter lobru ┐ tríunu both weak and strong, Críth G. 527 . folach cis lobair, Laws i 230. x , glossed: in duine troig, 232.25 Comm . am senóir ┐ am l.¤ , Trip.² 2045 . ceim torroma lobair lis, ACL iii 215.2 . torramad lubru, lessaiged triunu, Tec. Corm. § 1.31 (eslánu, v.l.). tocbaid lobru, tairnid triunu, LU 3417 ( SCC 18 ).

One who is afflicted with some skin disease (see MacArthur, Ir. Hist. Stud. iv 186 - 7 ), lazar (Ní Dhonnchadha, Cín Chille Cúile 174 n. 23 ). somet. leper: lobor quasi lebor, a lepra latine , Corm. Y 840 . tabar . . . fuil laeig ┐ táes secail dam coro commilter dam . . . doringned amlaid sin corraibe amal cach lobor, RC xiii 80 § 84 (Bóroma). na taighe ernaighe . . . cona lucht do Chélibh Dé ┐ do lobhraibh, AFM ii 604.8 (an. 919 ). S. Neasan lobhar décc, AFM i 188.8 = N. leprosus pausat, RC xvii 141 (Tig.). co mbui ina lobar moel, PH 376 . dorindedh l.¤ de, BCC § 434 . go raibhe féin 'na lobhar (of Naaman), TSh. 446 . tainic lóbhar chuige, Matthew viii 2. Attrib. g s. is fear lubhair é, 44 .

(b) weak in faith, etc. unstable, wavering: hóre rombebe Crist dar cenn ind óesa lobuir , Wb. 10c11 . is l.¤ ar nirnigde-ni, 4a27 . nipo l.¤ a hires gl. non infirmatus est in fide, 2c25 . cubus lobar, ZCP vii 298.12 . gním nád lobor (rhet.), BDD² 1188. Perh. also in: líneach lobar, name of a metre, IT iii 23.4 .

As subst. lobuir gl. imbicilles, Wb. 33c11 . dond l.¤ i n-iriss, 11c4 . dond l.¤ hiressach `to the weak believer', 11b18 .

(c) In Laws used also of those who, being either under the legal age of responsibility or of unsound mind, are incapable of looking after their own affairs: indraicc cech l.¤ every l. is incapable of incurring guilt(?), Tec. Corm. § 13.21 . athgabail lobuir, dia mbe fri gaimniu, athgabail lobuir ecuind, Laws i 192.12 , 13 . is aoi lobair aoi gach banscaile, O'D. 540 ( H 3.17, 433 ). sealba, seoit, ni dilsigar airgse na haitidiu, Laws v 496.4 .i. lobra .i. in mic bic, 11 Comm . (i.e. apparent complaisance does not justify the seizing of property in cases where the owners are incapable of defending their interests).

Compd. ¤dam: nī lōig i ligiu lobordaim laiges `eines siechen Hirsches', Bruchst. i 5 § 1.

2 lorg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 lorg or dil.ie/30683
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: lorc, lorg, lorg

n ā, f. but d s. lorc dromma, Ml. 51a8 . a s. lorg catha, Todd Nenn. 184.4 . lorg f., IGT Decl. § 158.

(a) staff, stick; rod or wand of office: lorc isind laim aili is samlid insin imme[t]ét . . . int ais lósc, Ml. 45c9 . dobert-side in loirc do bai 'na laim do (a king's sceptre?), Ériu v 36.22 . rechtaire teghlaig C. . . . Isí a lorc teglaig fail úasa, BDD² 800 ( LU 7186 ). slicht a luirge ina diaid, Triads 103 . ba híat a slegha ba lorga fosaighthi doibh `props', CCath. 2312 . a llorga ┐ a mbachla ina lámaib, PH 5103 . beir mo luirg [fessin] lat . . . ┐ rega gach conair bus ail duit, 2232 . rogerr a slegh ┐ dorindi l.¤ di (of a warrior turning pilgrim), ZCP vi 84.32 . an l.¤ no an baitín do bí n-a laimh (of Colum Cille), xi 142.33 . . . . mic Flaithbhertaigh an trostáin .i. a l.¤ Rómha (i.e. a pilgrim's staff), L. Cl. A. B. 3.9 . na daine . . . threigis an saeghal uile, ┐ gabus sgriptha ┐ l.¤ do ghradh Dia (virga). Smaointe B. Chr. 6071 . colg ara clúimh / sa l.¤ na láimh (of a dead pig, because he was setting out like a pilgrim on his last journey?), Irish Texts i 31.47 . l.¤ dromma the spine : hó lorc dromma [nō] delc gl. spina, Ml. 51a8 (see Études Celt. xl 65 ). na lorgdromma gl. spinas (? leg. lorg[a] d.), Gild. Lor. 169.

Used in some kind of proof or ordeal for determining the paternity of children of madwomen who have not been affiliated during the lifetime of the (putative) father: meic na mban mear so ┐ nucur astadh iat i mbeathaidh a n-athar, ┐ isedh dlegar dib a n-astudh ar a ligi (= luigi) go loirg no go mbreithir no go sulgnais, O'Curry 2295 ( Rawl. B 506, 28 ). tri fira is luga a fenechas .i. l.¤ ┐ briathar ┐ sulgnais .i. a l.¤ on mir gan urlabra, a briathar on mir co n-urlabra, a sulgnais on ciall maith gin urlabra, O'Curry 603 ( H 3.18, 295 ) = Cóic Con. 42 § 63 (`Spur'). a mhiond loirge mar luighe / gu ngoirge Ḟinn ḟalmuire, IGT Decl. ex. 2021.

(b) club, cudgel : l.¤ gl. claua, Ir. Gl. 52 . l.¤ .i. lúi airg .i. lāich í, Corm. Y 805. quia regem laginensium occidit .i. din tomad tuc fair dia luircc, Fél.² clxx 2 . .ix. slabrad iairn a cind cacha luirgi, BDD² 1280 . co trí lorggaib íarnaidib ina lámaib clí, MU² 775 . ethaid in luirg n-āairn ro bae triasin slabraid iron bar, Otia ii 86.16 . nir bo sop i n-inad largi [sen], Cog. 100.23 (of Brían Bóruma, a proverbial phrase). fuaim luirgi re luirigh, CCath. 6078 . gona ruibhne rena ghualainn / gona luirg fa luath a ngoil, ML 20.26 .

l.¤ áne hurley: tíagait tri coecait mac leis cona lorcaib áni, LU 5907 . a bunsach ┐ a l.¤ áne, 4868 . focherdat dano an tri .lll. lórg ána fair, 4877 . turcbaid . . . a oenluirg n-ániusa ┐ dícuris na trí coicait l.¤ , 914 . Without áne: bla liathroide l.¤ ┐ poll ┐ log . . . donti buailis in liathroid da luirg, Laws iii 554.3 - 4 (Text and Comm.). focheirdseom ūad a līathrōit ┐ a lloirc, TBC-I¹ 523.

l.¤ anfaid (anfad fury): atchíu fer chucund . . . l.¤ anfaid inna láim. Calg dét fóa choim (of Mac Roth), LU 5595 ( lorc anfaith, TBC-I¹ 1112 ). co táinic in Dagdha ┐ a lorg anfaidh 'na laim, Metr. Dinds. iv 294.20 (cf. ZCP iii 240 § 34 ). Cf. lorg adúathmar íarnaidi 'na láim, cend anbthen fhurri ┐ cend álgen . . . fuirmid in cend n-anbthen for cendar na nónbor condas-marband . . . Fuirmid in cend álgen forru condas-bethaigend, MU² 628.

(c) handle or shaft of an implement, etc.: for teora[ib] lorggaib a[i]thich—lorgg ḟorcha, lorgg ṡamthaige, lorgg rám(m)ai, Críth G. 531.2 . co na fuil aici acht rigi na tri larg; l.¤ a suisti, ┐ l.¤ a bela ┐ l.¤ a fidba (of an aithech), Laws iii 106. 14.15 Comm . caire cona inbiur(b) cona lorggaib, Críth G. 174 . a lorga maela (of hurleys), Ériu v 28.17 . tócbais a thēig libair for a luirg isin fraigid `on the peg in the wall', MacCongl. 11.27 .

(d) the membrum virile : secht nartim ina luirg (of Fergus mac Roig), Ériu iv 26.11 . tintā Fergus do debaid fri Coinculaind. `Olc dait . . . mo dīguin; is gairit mo lorc lat', TBC-I¹ 1210. See O'Brien, Études Celt. iii 369 f .

(e) g s. used attributively in several phrases (meaning is not always apparent) (i) áe loirge (áe lawsuit): ? ceas[c] co taet ae in-airecht la Feine? Nī. Ae loirge ar as ae lobair andsin, ae gacha bannsgaile, O'Curry 1614 ( 23 Q 6, 6a ) = cesc co ted ae i n-airecht la fene. Ae luirgi ar is ae lobuir annsin, ae cach bannscaile na fil folta (.i. na feine) na iardin (.i. iarmbrethemnus) le na turbaid, O'Curry 1269 ( H 3.18, 514 ). (ii) bard loirge name of one class of the dáer-baird, IT iii 110 § 8 , anmand na ndóerbard . . . culbard ┐ srutbard ┐ bard lorge ┐ drisiuc, IT iii 5.y . bard loirgi gan aisde ndilis the b. l. has no characteristic metre, iii 23.5 . bard lorce, .i. lorc ria hucht 'he has a staff in front of him', UR 51 n . do-eimh bard loirge lár 'a bard loirge protects a floor', UR 49.14 . (iii) bé loirge: direnar be luirge landire be loisde luineatha alaile, O'D. 2228 ( Nero A 7, 153b ) (`a distaff woman is entitled to full compensation-fine; she of the kneading-trough and churn-stick to the same assessment', O'Gr. Cat. 145 ).

(iv) cú loirge: cu loirge [.i.] cu ris na gabann greim lorg, Laws iii 414.26 Comm . (`a club dog i.e. a dog on which a club takes no effect', Plummer MS. notes); but perh. tracking dog. Cf. confusion between 1 and 2 lorg, O'Dav. 1155 s.v. 1 lorg (b). in cu loirgi . . . lan fiach ina cet cinaid seic, mad fri duine foglaidh, mad fri rubu, is aithgin; ar ni riagailter lorg fri rubu, 416.5 Comm .

Compds.

(i) With noun. ¤ḟertas (later by metath. ¤ḟersat) club or cudgel; iron bar : doghlac a lorg fersat catha .i. túagh thailc throm, Ériu v 174.200 . rabert C. béim d'a lorgḟertais bar na sluagaib, CRR 44 . muadhbemnech na loirc-fersat n-uiriarainn, TBC St. 4653 . luirgfhearsad imreamhar iarnaidhe trés an dá lúib do bhí ar cheann an tslabhra, Keat. ii 6300.

(ii) With adj. ¤remar thick-staved : do rinnetar leibenn lethann loirgremar . . . a timcell Oilella, Celt. Rev. iv 12.10 .

See maglorg.