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aidbéil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aidbéil or dil.ie/830

 

adj Apparently conflation of adbal and aicbéil (aipéil?).

In sense of adbal: loingeas lánaidhmhéil, Oss. iii 82.6 . as ro-áidhbhéil an sochar very great , Desid. 7105 . In sense of aicbéil: fearg aidhmhéil fierce , Psalms lxxxviii 16 . Adv. go haidhmhéil uathbhásach, PCT 997 . Note also: sanntach, aibhéil, diomsach boastful , 2 Timothy iii 2 . Perh. also in this sense: do thogaibh a ghuth nard naibheoil, RC xv 63.4 . As subst. do ní aidhbhéil . . . a niomad a maoine `boasts himself', Psalms xlix 6 .

1 búal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 búal or dil.ie/7255

 

n prob. an inference from 2 búalad; expld. as water. See ZCP i 98. būal .i. usce, ut dicitur: nī ragha do chos i mbūal, Corm. Y 183 , Ériu xiii 76 § 197. fual .i. bual uisce inde dicitur arna sai hi fual (.i. i mbual), Corm. 20. fūal quasi fuil ar a dath. Uel quasi būal .i. uisce, Corm. Y 643 , Corm. Tr. 79. bual .i. uisce, O'Dav. 210 , O'Cl. loithēan do loingeas ō bhūal glossed: .i. lacha d'indarba ó uisge (B. na f.), ZCP v 488 § 3.

? In compd.: bualeann didu .i. lenn frith for bual .i. brat fuaradar meic Míledh forsan ocian amail tresbann, ┐ ní fes cisi luibh dia ndernadh, O'Dav. 210. Cf. fleann-uisge `water crowfoot', Hogan Luibhl.

cnúas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cnúas or dil.ie/9778

 

n o (cf. cnú) nut-harvest, (hazel) nuts; produce (in general), fruit: c.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 96 . cnuas cacha feda, Laws v 482.26 .i. a mes ┐ a cno, 484.13 Comm. dentar lim-sa dúas ni gó / do chnuas na cno cumraide, LL 5270 . cnuas gar um gach lís re línd, BB 25a7 . in c.¤ (of hazelnuts of Crimall), KMMisc. 194.12 . co n-iomad coll caomh is c.¤ `nuts', BS 136.2 . ceatha cnuais ┐ toraidh, Leb. Gab.(i) 256 n.4 . trí cnuasa / . . . uas a slatuibh / /cnuas ic tuitim . . . / cnuas fó bláth is cnuas abaigh, Acall. 455 - 6 . cnuas a fiodh, iasg a hinbhear, Measgra D. 52.42 . Attrib. g s. coill fhionnshlat chnuais `fruitful wood', O'Hara 2132 . craob chnúais `a nut-laden bough', O'Gr. Cat. 384.10 . cnoc na gcleath gcnuais, Ir. Syll. Poetry 32 § 8 . Note also: bensat giallu iar congail / as siar im chnuas nuach, RC xvii 145.14 (Tig.), taken as n. loc., AFM i 200.1 `rich treasure', CS 56.6 .

Transfd.: an cnuassoin croinn an álaidh, Aithd. D. 77.11 . ní lacc celg dá cnuas, Caithr. Thoirdh. 18.16 . cnuas sin do ghéag-craoibh na ngrás (of salvation), A. Ó Dálaigh xxxii 3 . an loingeas san chuan mar chnuas as a bounty, Hackett² xliii 156 . an chnú do chnuas Mhac Mílidh (of chieftain), Ir. Syll. Poetry 68 § 9 .

Compds. With nouns: cnuaisleigheas a restorative of fruit, DDána 91.5 . íar ccruin[n]iughadh an chnuastoraidh sbioradālta, Parrth. Anma 5315 . With adjj.: a Éire chraobhach chnuais-gheal, Keat. Poems 1377 . in crann cnūasadlescboc (of bishop), Measgra Uí Chl. 150 § 21 . fá chríoch . . . gcnuaistigh gCuinn, DDána 75.38 . coiccedal na ccraobh ccnuastort[h]ach, Anecd. iii 5.6 . don chraoibh . . . cnuastruim (of family stock) `heavy fruited', Content. xxix 18 .

cocad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cocad or dil.ie/9864

 

Forms: cocda, coctha, coicthe, cogtha, coicthi, coicthib, cocaid, cogthadh, cogthach

n u, m. (com + cath) g s. cocda, Sg. 64b9 . coctha, ZCP xvi 176 § 10 . Pl. coicthe, later cogtha. For early exx. of pl. cf. coicthi, Corp. Gen. 80.28 , co coicthib , SR 5559 . Later also o (g s. cocaid, SR 3042 ), IGT Decl. § 17 (71.25) . g p. cogthadh, Mk xiii 7 , cogthach, Mac Aingil 6293 .

War, conflict; act of waging war (for, fri against): cogad .i. com-cat[h], Corm. Y 346 . c.¤ gl. bellum, Ml. 103d2 . cogad gl. guerra, Ir. Gl. 139 . ro bói ch.¤ etir deichthriub ┐ dethriub corrici sin, Ml. 137c8 . hua chogud gl. bello, 103d5 (see GOI 106 ). i cócád contra Dominum , Thes. i 5.19 . ro batár hi c.¤ faraib, LU 5108 n.a . tria cacad (: apad), Metr. Dinds. ii 32.75 . rūinid coicthiu / cuan . . . fri fīannsa, ACL iii 298 § 67 . na nēil ollchoicthe arracht / for slēib Conmaicne Connacht, ZCP xiv 174.7 . do chocud fri cūiced C., Corp. Gen. 23.4 . ferr les a sidh na a cocudh preferred to be at peace with them, Stair Erc. 1859 . Cogadh Gaedhel re Gallaibh (title), Cog. 2.1 . cogadh oirne war against us, Aithd. D. 66.17 . ó chogthuibh cláir Chéin, IGT Decl. ex. 760 . tír nār chleacht cogtha, O'R. Poems 1309 . ag cogadh, Keat. Poems 1512 . Note also: mo chruth ┐ mo ch.¤ do L. (in a testament) martial spirit(?), Corp. Gen. 131.26 .

Attrib. g s. cart cogaidh, Eg. Gl. 114 . edir da tír cogaidh hostile, O'Curry 300 ( H 3.18, 165 ). ammus coctha, LL 31665 ( TTr. 852 ). m'fhear cogaidh enemy, PBocht 15.13 . loingeas chogaidh, Rel. Celt. ii 176.40 . léighionn caguidh military training, Studies 1919, 439 § 4 . eassaénta choccaidh, AFM vi 1934.20 . general coccaidh na bainrioghan, AFM vi 2000.8 . In sobriquet: Duibtrīan Connacht an c[h]agaidh, ZCP viii 226.9 .

con-ricc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. con-ricc or dil.ie/12269

 

Forms: -comraic, -comairset, -comraicf-, cotricim, condrigei, conricc, condric, contric, -comraic, condregar, conrecat, condrecat, cotrecat, cotregat, cotrecat, -chomrucat, -comraicet, -comraiged, -chomraiced, conrictís, -comhris, cotrīs, -comris, -comrís, -coimrís, -coimris, cotri, cotrí, -[co]muir, -comair, conrisar, ce chotriastar, -coimristar, condrísam, cotríssam, -comairsem, conrisaidh, conríset, -comairset, con-rīsainn, -comrasta, -comairsed, -comuirsedh, condrístá, conrīsta, condrísmaís, condrístais, -comairsitis, -comarsatis, condricub, -chomraiciub, -chomraicfe, con-ricfa, -comricfea, conricfum, -comraicfem, -chomraicfem, condricfat, -comraicfét, comraicfead, -comraicfed, comhraicfedh, -comroicfed, conricfaidis, -comraicfidis, conrangus, conranaic, cond-rānic, cotránicc, coṅarnaic, conarnic, -comairnaic, -comairnig, -comarnic, -ccomhairnig, -comfarnaic, -comḟarnaig, -chomranic, cotráncammár, conarnecmar, -cumairnecmar, -comairnecmar, -comracamar, conráncatar, cond-rancatar, connairnechtatar, -comairnectar, -comarnachtur, comarnectár, comairneachtair, -comarnecgetar, -comrancadar, -comrancatar, comraic(c)id, comríachtain, comraicthe

v (* com-ro-icc-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 556 ). In saga-texts etc. v. freq. with neut. inf. pron. (see BDD2 Gloss.) in deut. forms. Deut. and prot. forms influence each other in pret. and perf., and indic. pres. 3 s. prot. -comraic tends to spread as general stem (e.g. -comraicet for -comaircet with syncope and secondary vowel, cf. subj. pres. 3 p. -comairset), the prot. stem of fut. and condit. always being -comraicf-. Indic. pres. 1 s. cotricim, LU 4929 (TBC). 2 s. condrigei, RC v 203.9 . 3 s. conricc, Wb. 7d9 . condric, LU 5165 (TBC). ZCP viii 301.31 . contric, LU 1527 ( MU² 1029 ). -comraic, Ml. 48d2 . Metr. Dinds. iii 168.6 . Pass. condregar, ZCP xiii 178.21 . 3 p. conrecat, Fél. June 10 . condrecat, LU 5885 . 5826 (TBC). LL 37144 . ZCP viii 334.12 . cotrecat, IT iii 240.166 . cotregat, LU 6863 = cotrecat, BDD² 403 . ZCP xxx 59.985 . LU 5418 (TBC). -comrucat, Ml. 69a23 . -chomrucat, Ériu xix 62 § 23 . -comraicet, LU 7226 . Tec. Corm. 16.31 . Ériu ii 194 § 4 . -comraiged, BDD² 849 .

Impf. 3 s. -chomraiced, LU 4989 (TBC). -comruicedh, ZCP iii 32.29 . 3 p. conrictís, LU 5700 (TBC). -comraictis, TTebe 3069 .

Subj. pres. 1 s. -comhris (as fut.), RC xxvi 366.6 2 s. cotrīs, ZCP x 47.23 . -comris, Corp. Gen. 148.z (comhrais, v.l.). -comrís, Fing. R. 43 . -coimrís, Tec. Corm. 19.3 . -coimris, TBC(C) 594 . 3 s. cotri, Ériu vii 146.26 . cotrí, Fraech 48 . -[co]muir, Wb. 24a17 . -comair, LL 36356 ( SG 414.20 ). Pass. conrisar, Ériu ii 210.6 . Cf. ce chotriastar, O'Curry 839 ( H 3.18, 383a ). -coimristar, 2585 ( Eg. 88, 49 (50)d ). 1 p. condrísam, TBC-LL² 1243 . cotríssam, Thes. ii 304.10 (Hy. i). cotrísam, LU 1675 . -comairsem, Wb. 33a9 . Snedg. u. Mac R 10.20 . Ériu v 211.90 . 2 p. conrisaidh, Anecd. i 73 § 216 . 3 p. conríset, RC xvii 241.27 . -comairset, LU 6661 (TBC). 5911 (ibid.). Impf. 1 s. con-rīsainn, Fing. R. 150 . 2 s. -comrasta, LU 5222 (TBC). 3 s. -comairsed, Ml. 39c15 . -comuirsedh, Lism. L. 4492 . Pass. condrístá, LU 5082 = conrīsta, TBC-I¹ 2138 . 1 p. condrísmaís, LU 10044 . 3 p. condrístais, TBC-LL² 1255 . LL 20164 ( IT i 158.4 ). -comairsitis, Ml. 119d12 . RC xii 82 § 82 . -comarsatis, Airne F. 148 .

fut. 1 s. condricub, LL 35960 . -chomraiciub, Ériu v 208.12 . 2 s. -chomraicfe, LL 35761 . 3 s. con-ricfa, ZCP xxviii 201.28 . -comricfea, Wb. 12c35 . 1 p. conricfum, Laws v 274.20 Comm. -comraicfem, Vita Br. 40 . Corp. Gen. 79.16 . -chomraicfem, LL 14294 . 3 p. condricfat, LL 32267 . TBC-LL² 4618 . -comraicfét, LU 7128 = comraicfead, BDD² 733 . Condit. 3 s. -comraicfed, Lat. Lives 56.8 . comhraicfedh, RC xxvii 288 § 46 . -comroicfed, Airne F. 149 . 3 p. conricfaidis, RC xiii 222.23 . -comraicfidis, 9.21 .

Pret. and perf. 1 s. conrangus, TTebe 4710 . 3 s. conranaic, Ml. 52 . cond-rānic, Fing. R. 388 . cotránicc, ZCP viii 564.6 . coṅarnaic, LL 12978 and conarnic, ZCP viii 313.35 show infl. of prot. form. -comairnaic, Fraech 331 . -comairnig, TBC-I¹ 2869 . -comarnic, Trip.² 807 . -ccomhairnig, Ériu xiii 26.18 . -comfarnaic, BB 363a12 . -comḟarnaig, Dinds. 42 . -chomranic, Anecd. i 9.23 ( SCano 290 ) (infl. of deut.). 1 p. cotráncammár, LU 7562 . conarnecmar, Fraech 335 (infl. of prot.). -cumairnecmar, RC xii 60.y . -comairnecmar, Fraech 302 . -comracamar, Mon. Tall. 134.26 . 3 p. conráncatar, TBC-LL² 4620 . cond-rancatar, RC xiii 458 § 55 . ? connairnechtatar, TBC-LL² 1260 (cf. prot.). -comairnectar, RC xii 84 § 87 . -comarnachtur, ZCP xii 402.20 - 21 . comarnectár, LU 6726 = comairneachtair, BDD² 220 . -comarnecgetar, TBC-LL² 3711 . With infl. of deut. -comrancadar, Ériu v 238.98 . -comrancatar, LL 13527 .

Later comraic(c)id ( coimricenn, MS. Mat. 530.7 ), with ē-fut. as well as f-fut., IGT Verbs § 65 .

Vn. 1 comrac, comríachtain. Part. comraicthe?

Meets, encounters, joins (often of meeting in combat and of cohabitation); attains to, arrives at.

1 Absolutely: ó condricfat fir Hérend óenbaile, TBC-LL² 226 . dáig concomairnectar inn óic ḟéinne anair ┐ . . . aníar met , 4123 (see n.). i sunn condrecat Laigin ┐ Ossairge (of co-incidence in genealogy), Corp. Gen. 15.16 . inad i comraic muir is mór-thír, Metr. Dinds. iii 168.6 . co comairsem that we may fight, LU 8456 ( FB 31 ). áit i comraicfét díabolnamat, 7128 = comraicfead, BDD² 733 . ro comraicetar . . . D. mac E. . . . ┐ Plait, Cog. 174.14 . niconcomracamar díoblíonaib we have not had intercourse, Mon. Tall. 134.26 . nírchomraic a athair ┐ a mathair riamh, Ériu iii 158 § 11 . ni rochomhraceam `may I never reach it', BS 116.26 . bith a fis accaib curab fa cnocc Liban comraicces tír tarrngire sair `beginneth', Maund. 109 .

2 In `inclusive plural' constr.: conráncatar ┐ D. `he and D. met', Thes. ii 241.5 . condrecaid in araile dithrubh ┐ feindide aili, BB 259b20 . Modified constructions: comraicit doib ┐ do Chiarán, BNnÉ 42.15 (see 5 infra). is and condric ┐ Brigit, ZCP viii 301.31 .

3 Trans. consuidet nád comraicet `what they do not attain', Tec. Corm. 16.31 . condregar . . . in cath, ZCP xiii 178.21 . ní mar chách conarnecar . . . comrac riut, TBC-LL² 2732 (fig. etymol., see 1 comrac).

4 With FRI etc.: cech rét frissacomraic `that it encounters', Ml. 48d2 . cech sasad frisa comrucat, 69a23 . desemmrecht . . . frissa comricfea farnaire `will attain to', Wb. 12c35 . concomairsem friarfochric, 33a9 . comhrag ann sin; ar an ni con-ricce (sic) a chubhaidh fri araill, Ériu xiii 43.31 . condríucfa in t-aen risin n-aen, BB 25b38 . in muir Chimerda condric . . . fri Asia borders on, LL 16274 . ic Coirpri L. condrecat Airgīalla fri hÜa Nēill (in genealogy), ZCP viii 317.6 . co comraicet . . . na pecdaig fri cétglífid, etc., LU 2087 ( FA 15 ). condrecat fri C. they fight with C., 4952 = cotrecat, TBC-I¹ 468 . t'airm it lāmaib co comris fri macco do brāthar, Corp. Gen. 148.z . ní choimréc (fut. 1 s.) fritsa imon flaithius, FDG² 895 . ra chomraic in ben sin ri fer, LL 35685 . With other prepp.: co comḟarnaig matain moc . . . cosin sliab arrived at, BB 376a44 . as de conrainic an tainm as Túatha Dé doibh, Leb. Gab.(i) 142.23 .

5 In impers. usage with prepp. DO, ETER: coṅarnaic dó fri CC. ar Áth Mór, LL 12978 . cur comracc doib co hainiarmurtach they fought, Anecd. v 21.21 . ro comraic . . . do I. . . . ┐ do A., TTebe 3112 . ima ccomhráinicc dóibh ┐ don loingeas oile, AFM ii 1112.3 . co comranic eturro ┐ Tigernan `a conflict took place between them and . . .', RC xviii 55.6 (Tig.). cor comraicc doib co haindiarraid `they fought a fierce fight', Ériu ii 182.22 (Lec.). With pass. forms: comhructer doibh ar an lathair, ZCP x 295.20 . rocomraiged aturra they fought, Ériu iii 166.19 .

danmargach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. danmargach or dil.ie/14613
Last Revised: 2019

 

n o, m. deriv. from Danmarg.

ferocious foreigner; fierce warrior, marauder : conach raibhe cuan...gan loingeas Danmarccach ┐ allmurach, Cog. 40. 7 . mór do dhuadh...roḟodaimsiot sruithe na nGaeidhel ó Danmarcachaibh allmardhaibh ┐ ó dibergaibh barbhardaibh, ib. 4. 14 . ní [bhfuilit] dībheirccigh nō danmharccaigh a nĒirinn, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) i 4.16 . See 2 anmargach, Danar.

dún

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dún or dil.ie/19227

 

Forms: Dún, ndún, dúin, dúne, dune, dúne, duine, dúni, duini, dúin, dúine, dúna, dún, dúini, dún, dhúin, dúine, dunu, dúine, dune, primdún, ndun, dúine, duinib, dúinte, -dúine, dúinte, dúintibh, dhúintedh

n o, later s, n. (see GOI 178 ) n s. Dún nGalion, LL 311a27 . a s. a ndún , LU 1524 , 8381 . g s. As o-stem: dúin, LL 311a27 ; Laws i 122.19 ; AU 680 , 685 , 697 , 844 , 864 , 872 . Fél. Jan. 3 . As s-stem: dúne, FB § 44 , dune, Laws iv 220.8 . dúne, Trip.² 2166 . duine, FB § 89 ; AU 866 , 964 , 1174 . dúni, TBC-LL¹ 1816 , duini, Laws iv 154.21 . Both forms current in later lang.: dúin, TSh. 909 ; Oss. vi 198.6 . dúine, AFM i 26 , iii 4 , vi 2014 ( dúini, ii 1114 ); Oss. iv 294 . Note also: dúna, Laws v 302.33 ; SG 269.12 ; Oss. vi 198.27 . dún occurs with follg. n.pr. in gen., Fél. Jan. 3 v.l.; MacCarthy 416.19 ( BB 50a ), BS 98.13 . d s. tri coiri bíte in cach dúini , Triads 127 (prob. due to confusion with constr. tri coiri cech(a) dúine). v s. dún, AFM i 308 (poem). a dhúin , TSh. 10990 . n p. dúine, LU 10713 ; Fél. Prol. 68 . a p. dunu (: múru), Lec. 45b1 . dúine, LU 1889 . dune, TBC-I¹ 622 = TBC-LL¹ 1213 , AU 836 . g p. na primdún , SR 7342 . Cermna na ndun , Lec. 51a40 . dúine, LB 208a23 ( Alex. 382 ); Corm. s.v. aurduine . d p. duinib, LU 10714 ; SR. Later as dental stem in pl.: rig-dúinte , Corm. s.v. Mogheime = -dúine, YBL; dúinte, ML 78 , Keat. iii 4119 ; dúintibh, BB 30a40 , AFM v 1666 . g p. dhúintedh, Marco P. 123 . m., IGT Decl. § 46 .

Fort (see ZCP xiii 164 - 5 , KZ l 155 - 6 ); in O.Ir. usually applied to residence of a chief or dignitary, consisting of an earthen (more rarely stone) rampart, inside which the house (`tech') or houses were erected; oft. of considerable extent and in case of a royal residence having two (or even three) circumvallations with a moat between (hence O'Dav. 695 ; d.¤ .i. dá cladh im uisci, ut est du-en .i. dá usque im cladh); such fort being generally called after the builder or owner, e.g. Dún Cermna, D.¤ Sobairche, etc. Cf. Aodh Ó Domhnaill dhúin na bhfionn (= Dún na nGall?), 3 C 12, 245.15 . Freq. used as Ir. equivalent for fortress or city; in Norman period of any strongly enclosed or fortified place (whether a single residence or a burgh or town ).

Gl. castrum, Sg. 57a10 ; arx, 60b21 . i ndorus in dúine = ad portam civitatis, Lat. Lives 81 . a dhúin Dé (= civitas Dei, Psalms lxxxvi 3 ), TSh. 10990 . isin digas .i. isin dun daingen, Ml. 32a16 . dorala B. do dun ríg Breg, Hy. v 73 Comm. claide cluid dune Alinne .i. in tres primdun rig Lagen, 68 Comm. dun tigerna . . . d.¤ breitheaman na tuaiti, Laws iv 106 Comm. trí dúine hÉrenn: Dún Sobairche, D.¤ Cermna, Cathair Conrai, Triads 36 . déntar dúine . . . lib damsa ┐ tigi móra, RC xxvi 132 . corbo leór do d.¤ . . feib dollotar rotha in charpait hi talmain (i.e. the wheels displaced enough earth to build a `d.¤'), TBC-I¹ 1986 . Artt Imlech las-roclassa | a cōic dūine domgnassa, Lec. 51a32 . lar duna no treibe cach airech, Laws v 302 . nochotulsat flathi fiann, fās a ndūine, ZCP xi 110 . etir cealla ┐ dune ┐ treba, AU 836 . for faidchi primdúni, TBC-LL¹ 1816 . sonnach dergdharach a timchioll a dhúine, SG 66 . berthar a fir maithi ina dun co hEogan ┐ biathtar a ndaescursluag a nduntib feachtair, Lec. 409a25 . suidigud na mūr im-maig | immon dun, immon cathraig (of Celestial City), SR 426 . ic togail na primd.¤ (of cities of Canaan), 7342 . aitcidh ardnaom órduinte, SG 21 . mor dúine ndaingen roscroithset, Alex. 382 . co nac raibhe . . . d.¤ no daingen no dingna . . . gan loingeas , Cog. 40 . do cumhduigheadh dúinte ┐ daingne leis, Keat. iii 4119 . do daingne a dhúintedh ┐ a cathrach, Marco P. 123 . i ndúintibh ┐ i ndaghbhailtibh fher Mumhan fortresses, AFM v 1666 . Encampment (= 1 dúnad), TBC-LL¹ 1765 ; 1829 (= longport, St., dunadh, H 2.17 ). Dwelling, residence in general: tréigean dúin deagh-athar (i.e. heaven), Keat. Poems 372 . bunaidh, dún, a habitation , Eg. Gl. 81 .

Compds., see dúnárus, -chaire, -chlad, -lis, -phort.

Common in place-names, see Hog. Onom.

loinges

Cite this: eDIL s.v. loinges or dil.ie/30536

 

Forms: longas, loingse, long(a)is, loingis, longais, longes

n ā, f. (long) O.Ir. longas, g s. loingse, a d s. long(a)is. IGT Decl. § 54 . Later appar. m. § 53 , g s. loingis but this not clearly attested, though supported by a d s. ¤. longais, LU 6601 = longes, TBC-I¹ 2072 (see also LU 5489 , 6629 , 6644 = TBC-I¹ 1010 , 2090 , 2104 , and RC xviii 179.10 ); later usually -eas, -ius.

(a) fleet; ships, shipping: longas tre ḟichet long di Norddmannaibh, AU an. 837 . long .i. Saxanbērla .i. lang .i. fada, et inde dicitur loṅges, Corm. Y 845 . longus Locha Cuan do ghabail oc Linn hUachaill, AU an. 926 . troid longsi etir longes an tuaisceirt ┐ coblach Con[n]acht, RC xviii 179.10 (Tig.). toisc loiṅgsi `a naval expedition', AU ii 540.23 . an sál lomnán do loingis, IGT Decl. ex. 1370 . is lia do loingius dó innat srotha in betha `it has more shipping' (of a river), Marco P. 134 . i mbeagán do luingeas fhada (= longis navibus non multis), Keat. ii 1717.

(b) naval expedition, invasion by sea : tancutur luinges macc Miled, Laws i 20.31 Comm . toisig na lloṅgse dar ler, LL 1920 . tancatar dar muir morglass, / hi tri longsib . . . / Galiuin, Firbolg, Fir Domnand, MacCarthy 148.7 . for l.¤ a hEaspain co Sceithia, 290.26 . a marl.¤ Aeniass, TTebe 4036 .

(c) banishment, exile (not necessarily over sea), (téit for lo(i)ngis goes into exile): l.¤ .i. indarba, O'Dav. 1177 . luid epscop Fith leo for longis, Thes. ii 240.20 ( Ardm. 18a ). dia luid Duaid for longais re Saul, Ml. 55c1 . īarna longis `nach seiner Vertreibung', Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 10 § 3 . is 'na haimsir-side tollotar na Deisse for longais, Cymmr. xix 108 n.1 . luid Eochu for l.¤ co Fergus, Ériu xvi 37 § 1 . longus Coirpri mic Foghertaigh re nDonnchad `banishment', AU an. 769 . Cuanu abbas Lugmaidh . . . do dula a tire Muman for longais, an. 818 . cia bemni for l.¤ riam, nī fil ind Ére ōclaig bus amru, TBC-I¹ 372 . longas Fergusa ó Ultaib, IT i 70.15 ( LMU 5 ) (luingius, v.l.). mór do maith fuarais i fus / ar do loṅgais a Ḟergus, TBC-LL¹ 493 . tria longais ┐ carcair, PH 4200. In the titles of tales: Loinges mac n-Uisleand, YBL 109b20 . From the tale-lists: Longus nUlad, Anecd. ii 43.16 . Longes Labrada, LL 189b33 . Tocomlod loṅgsi Fergusa a hUltaib, 190b1 .

In B. na f. as quasi-vn. to drive away : loithēan do loingeas ō bhūal (.i. lacha d'indarba ó uisge), ZCP v 488 § 3.

(d) band of sea-rovers, company of banished men, invaders : cach longas tra rofitir Eithne Huathach la Herind dosreclam cosna Deisse, Cymmr. xiv 122 § 22 ( Rawl. f.73ra4 ). forbrisfet comlund scéo Fergus dánae co loingis Ulad, LU 6629 (rhet.). tricha cét rop é lín na longsi, IT i 77.3 ( LMU 16 ). clú . . . na luingsi ut, Laws i 20.34 Comm . ar húaman a mmórlo[i]ngsi (of the Israelites), SR 4748 . do bhí ag Cathaoir don taoibh theas / slógh Laighean i na loingeas among his forces, DDána 105.30 .

In the sobriquet of Cormac son of Conchobar mac Nessa, Cond Loṅgas head of the exiled bands : Cormac Cond Loṅgas mac Conchobair, LU 4485. 5961 . Condloṅges, TBC-LL¹ 705. Corbmac Con Loinges, TBC St. 162 . do Chormac Con-loinges, Metr. Dinds. iv 276.x . Cf. Cormac, cond na loiṅgse-se, 236.14 . Cormac ba con longas laind, ZCP viii 333.8 .

1 loth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 loth or dil.ie/30725

 

Forms: lath, loithe

n ā, f. Also lath. mud, mire: quagmire, marsh: air ind loith domuin gl. pro imo ceno, Ml. 60a6 . caenum .i. l.¤ , Sg. 22a11 . nomen loithe infernalis gl. mefitis, 127a1 . l.¤ gl. Lerna, 34a6 . lap .i. l.¤ no cechair, O'Dav. 1147 . lœthi iffirn gl. Cocitique, Goid. 69.16 . laith .i. feith ┐ uisce for a huachtar, O'Dav. 514 . fidba for lind latha, O'Mulc. 110 . imain fo laith; imain fo cechair, Laws v 138.11 . is blāth for laith (of beauty which is not matched by good sense), ZCP vi 267 § 5. ? leig lath, Ériu xvii 9P § 9 (may mean `the swamp is lovely', Ed.). ? diroirpiter coin, ardidsiter eich illenith l.¤ ibther . . . , TBC-I¹ 3090 (rhet.).

Compd. ¤én: loithean do loingeas o bhual .i. lacha d'indarba ó uisge, ZCP v 488 § 3 (B. na F.).

See 1 lad.

1 úar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 úar or dil.ie/42762
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: úa

adj o-ā (later also with prothetic f-) fúar úa, IGT, Decl. § 96.23 .

I

(a) cold, cool : is húar allaa nísiu, ZCP viii 175 . a ttosach oidhche fúaire, Duan. F. ii 70 § 17 . gach adhaigh uar, Dán Dé iv 15 . Feabra fúar, IGT, Decl. ex. 84 . do bhí an aimsear fuár, John xviii 18 . san aimsir fhuair, L. Cl. A. B. 164.70 . madh fuar am na hIairmhéirghe, Dán Dé xxviii 37 . is hé sain int-aear huar, SR 109 . Ri dorigne aéar n-uar, 313 . dar aer n-úar, 7932 . isin aher n-úar, 7936 . rith ... | ind aeor uair uscide, 40 . Ri c(ria)thras usce n-an, n-úar | for iathmass na n-al n-ollmuad, 41 . Ri thuc doib sruam usci uair, 4629 . Ri robennach ... | na secht lestru usci úair, 7602 . cupán duisge ḟúar, Matthew x 42 . immun n-usce n-uar, SR 3763 . tar gormṡáile n-úar (: túar), IGT, Decl. ex. 638 . tar in ffairrge ffúair, Duan. F. ii 40 § 34. uar cech ler, MR 48.3 . fogar esa uair ra hall, SG 366.12 . ardomneat anfud uar | fri uar fairrci duilgi fál, 235.27 . mun eo fhuar, 24.25 . ó bhonnaibh craobh n-uar n-iobhair, Ir. Monthly 1919, 226.18 ( DDána p. 332 ). i n-áit ḟuair, Corp. Astron. 34z . i dtalamh ḟuar, 52.6 . mur uisge a beól (v.l. mbéol) úar eisci, IGT, Decl. ex. 1081 . imdadh úar (v.l. fuar, ḟúar), ex. 541 . is amlaidh bói an inis, ┐ secht ccosa fúara fuithe, BNnÉ 90 § 194 . is é is cáilidheacht dí (sc. the moon) [a bheith] fuar, Corp. Astron. 88 § 32 . uaraib adbaib, `in cold dwellings,' Auraic. 5585 . a dhá chaomthach re feadh bfaghla | cáolshruth sean is adhbha fhúar, Studies 1919, 75.21 . fúar liom an adhaighsi dh'Aodh, 1921, 417.1 . Adv.: sul bheas mo rosg go fann fuar, A. Ó Dálaigh xli 12 . a rí thuc Emain co húar | iarna dedail ria deg-shlúag, `that broughtest E. to desolation' Metr. Dinds. iv 130.105 (cf. c, below).

(b) freq. as epithet of wine, etc., cool, refreshing : fín fúar finnmer, IGT, Decl. ex. 184 - 5 . ibhe thunnaill bfíonduinn bfúair, ex. 520 . fíon fuar finngheal, Ir. Monthly 1920, 166.31 ( DDána p. 397 ). tulach na bhfíon bhfuar, A. Ó Dálaigh lii 48 . mór bhfleadhtunna bhfúar, IGT, Decl. ex. 1088 . ar Mac L. na bhfleadh bhfuar, Ériu i 98.26 .

(c) of places, freq. in sense bleak, unfriendly : fuaramar tir n-uar n-aiṅbtech, SR 4681 . i Lundain ḟuair allmhardha, TD 36.7 . is cosmhuil ré Beinn ḟuair Éadair | gruaim Í Ghrádaigh, 34.22 . a chuit ar ṡléibh úair Ealpa | fúair ..., IGT, Decl. ex. 296 . do mnai na n-airer nad uar, ZCP xiv 161.15 . i nOcha fhúar, L. Cl. A. B. 117.61 . budh fuar do dhruim a ndéanann | ráth séadChruachan ... | fa éadnuachar ... nGaillmhe, `his own deeds shall make comfortless the rich castle,' Ir. Monthly 1921, 329.18 ( DDána p. 303 ).

Cf. also Metr. Dinds. iv 130 , cited above.

(d) esp. of hell : Ri dofuc brait hIffirn uair | a pein, ..., SR 7777 . teach fuar an-aoibhinn Ifrinn, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxv 5 . i nIfearn fhuar, Dán Dé xxvii 8 .

(e) of pain : i píanaib úaraib Iffirn, SR 8330 . uara idna `cold pangs' ( shivering fits ? ) etym. gl. on Aedh Uaridhnach, Cóir Anm. 121 .

(f) of weapons : lann ḟúar ḟéinidh Ch. ..., IGT, Decl. ex. 1085 . budh iomdha colg fuar is fagha, TD 16.66 . do marbhadh M. d'arm uar, Dán Dé xxvi 49 . Cf. Eochaid Uarches .i. úar-ghaiech nam cess gai dicitur , Cóir Anm. 30 (see also úarchess below under Compds.).

(g) of clothing : i croicnib hūaraib, ZCP vii 498 .

(h) of persons, in uncomplimentary sense, implying coldness of disposition, sometimes = cruel (see Compds., below): brissiud cride úair Aichle, LL 161a49 (= Metr. Dinds. i 46 ). don rachēim rucc Eachtair án | dar' gabh fa gāibh Aichēil ūair, ZCP vi 269 § 10 . an corp fuar-sa i bhfuile a Thríonóid, A. Ó Dálaigh xvii 5 . Étar úar, cruel Metr. Dinds. iii 324.7 ; 326.25 . (fig.) onchu uar airgneach Erend, BB 51a42 (of Tigernán Ó Ruairc). Conall mac Etersgeoil fhuair, Ériu x 81 § 45 . nách fuil tú fuár na té, Rev. iii 15 . gu bfhuile fuar, gan fhonn gan dúthracht, Desiderius 1709 (80) . an uair do bhíodh fuar 'na chrábhadh, 5189 (249) .

(i) in technical legal expression mac húar (lit. cold son), a son who has failed to provide filial service and obedience and so is rendered legally dependent on the father ( GEIL 80 , see Ériu xlvii 195 ) : atait tri mic beoathar la Fene .i. mac huar ┐ mac De ┐ mac ailte. mac huar, as isidhe bis ina hocht i ngnae helotha athar, co n-oponar a lepaith ┐ a apuith, ZCP xiii 23.12

(j) atá (is) fuar fa (imm) is cold, indifferent towards: ag so an tí fa bhfuile fuar, `whom Thou lovest not,' A. Ó Dálaigh xx i . do tholl a thaobh | do chloinn fa a n-athair dob fhuar, `whose love for their Father was cold,' Aithd. D. 63.36 . ná rabh Peadar umam fúar, Studies 1919, 75.22 . do bhuime a rí is truagh nach tuilleam | ná budh fhuar í uman, PBocht 4.20 . gémadh fuar umainn th'aigneadh, Ir. Monthly 1921, 114.18 . nach truagh na trí geallta | ar an tí as fhuar iompa, PBocht 22.12 . ní meise an bráthair nach bí | go fuar im dheaghmháthair nDé, Dán Dé ii 1 . dá mbeath go dtuillinn gan triall | san teach fa bhfuilim go fuar, `for which I feel so little desire,' Aithd. D. 95.13 .

(k) in sense of ineffective, unprofitable, vain (cf. Mod. Ir.: tá sé f. ag, etc.): fuar don dul sa a daltacht the | d'Art Chliach, do Chormac Bhóinne, `vain now is her kindly rearing of Art,' Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 29 § 5 . gach céim sochair | dar áirmheas ar Ulltachaibh ... | ní sochair ḟuara d'Éirinn, `no useless benefits,' Content. xxx 27 . ní hí an tuigse ḟallsa ḟuar | duid-se as dual damh-sa mo dhán, `it is no idle vain idea' A. Ó Dálaigh xxxiv 2 . mo smuaineadh fuar fada ó chéll, Dánta Gr. 63.18 . guidhe na mná bhus dhíon damh-sa | ó tá mo ghníomh fallsa fuar, `ineffective,' A. Ó Dálaigh xliv 11 . idir gach comhrádh fuar, `stupid talk' Content. xvi 93 . muna ndiulta sibh... as th'ughdarás féin go fuar, `vainly' xvi 21 . Cf. acht muna mbeith go gcuala | uait féin it ḟuighlibh fuara, 69 . sgéal fuar ar a bhfionntar bréag | ní cóir a chreideamh go h-éag, `an unlikely tale,' vi 124 . Here perh. belongs: as úar náoidhe an t-iongnadh é, Studies 1919, 72 .

(l) of poetic composition, stately (?): laoithe fuara suadh dhá séisghabháil, Hackett xix 15 .

Of a welcome: rún m'anma, fáoilti nach fúar, Studies 1919. 75 . nírbh í soin an fháilte fhúar, ib.

Compar. and superl.: fuairiu ina sírsnechtu, FA 30 (LB). iss é is fuaire and, uisce an uarain, O'Dav. 669 . (of warriors) as iad ba fuaire ... ris na forgomhaibh `the coolest ... for the thrusts,' ML 132.13 . Compar. with de: ce roib re snechta ┐ re gaith ni fuairidi the colder , YBL 83b10 . ciar' gabthar i ngaethuibh ┐ aigredaib ┐ shnechta ni fuairi-de fris, Ériu ii 114 § 44 .

n II Subst. a cold thing : tri húar fíchte: tipra, muir, núae corma `three cold things that seethe,' Triads 145 (v.l. huara). As name of a spring: Uar ainm a tiprat, Fél. p. 86 . mar uar dom `I am very cold' (a scribal note), Thes. ii xx ( Sg. 114 ). Cf. mor uar dam `woe is me,' Otia i 126 § 22 . As npr. m.: Is Loch nÚair, cía hÚar 'sa loch? | cía díb in t-Úar ronúarchroth?, Metr. Dinds. iv 230 x . airm Uair mheic Th., Ir. Monthly 1921, 331 § 41 (leg. uair-mheic? For the sons of T. cf. Atlantis iv p. 171 ; ZCP xii 241 ff. ).

Compds.:

n (a) with subst.: ¤álach? cóirigter cosair d'úib Ch. ┐ fuarálach d'úib O. `a cold lair' Caithr. Thoirdh. 121.4 (cf. ¤ḟalach). ¤astar a useless journey : fa ríor! is é an fuar-astar | mionca ar dturas dot fhéachain, Dánta Gr. xxxiii 9 . ¤bert a cool garment, i.e. mail (?): slán ann dá súainleabthuibh sróil | fóir Ghall na bhfúairbheartuibh féin, IGT, Decl. ex. 1112 . ¤both f. a hut, habitation, dwelling, bothy, hunting lodge (cf. airboth): andord Andle dia uarbaith, LL 261a31 ( IT i 78 ). tic iarom F. doṅd huarbuid, Corm. Bodl. (s.v. orcc) = don ḟuarbóith, Thr. Ir. Gl. 34 . don ūarboith, Corm. Y 1018 . Énan na húarbothi, LL 298a43 ( RC xiii 48 )=E. na fuarboithi Lec. facs. 300vb 22 . ro lingsiot an ḟuarbhoth fair captured the hut in which he was AFM v 1794.3 (where f.= fianboith folachtae, ib. 1 ). a ḟuarbhoth oidhche saighnéan, Ir. Monthly 1920, 208.9 ( DDána p. 374 ). ¤chécht a bare plough-share : sía indás uarchécht arathair, Metr. Dinds. iv 138.80 . ¤chess: slúag Banba fo bét 'mon mbress | diarb adba éc is úarchess, Metr. Dinds. iii 370.54 (`death and savagery' v 138 ). co torchair in dáilem diss | la Fergna n-áir-mer n-úairchiss `barbarous,' iv 88.28 . pn As sobriquet: Eocho hÚarches, ZCP viii 303.5 . Eochu uarches, Fen. 26.7 . la hEochaid n-airdirc n-uairces, BB 46bz . Eochaid Uarches ... ceasa uara bádur aigi ina chobhlaighibh, Cóir Anm. 30 . is uime ghairthear Eochaidh Uaircheas dhe .i. ceasa fuara do bhíodh aige mar loingeas , Keat. ii 2242 . ¤chinnsel: fuairchinnsel nach fiu pinginn `dull aspersions' O'Gr. Cat. 556.17 (cf. cendsal, Contribb. ). ¤chioth a cold shower : do sgéith fúair-chioth gach flaithis, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 19 § 32 . ¤chóir: fiu an crannsa clódh fuarchóra `stern justice', Aithd. D. 60.13 . ¤chrábud m. hypocrisy : lucht in fhuarchrabuidh, Lism. L. 4579 , ZCP iv 389.3 . fuar-chrádhbhadh, Donlevy 158.5 . ¤chreitem: tar ēis an fhuar-chreidimh do chur ar gcūl 'after abandoning the false faith', Carswell² 1.9 . ¤chride a cold (unfeeling?) heart : fo chen a scíth búagnigi | ... | úarcraidi taiscea, LU 10352 . ¤chúis: ag iarraidh taise 's budh fuarchúis dáibh `scant cause,' Ó Bruad. iii 224.14 . ¤dúsccad a cold awakening (common in the Annals of surprising the enemy): tuccad fuar-duscad namat for lucht na cathrach isan aidci sin, BB 442a38 . fuardhúsccadh namat do thabairt forra, `gave them a hostile awaking' AFM iv 1242.17 . do radadh uardhúsccadh námhat for an lucht báttar go sóinmheach suanchodaltach, v 1652.8 . dobert uardhúsccadh namhatt for fianlach an bhaile `awoke the soldiers of that town with the sword' vi 2362.4 . ¤errach cold Spring : ba hadud n-aird-grise for fidnaig n-uarerraig Marta mis, Anecd. ii 48z . ní thiobhrainn do chléir cheannaigh | mo chliath fosgaidh fhuairearraigh, Studies 1926, 238 . ¤ḟairrge cold sea : tar sruthrabhartaibh ... na fuar-ḟairrge, ML 46 z . ¤ḟalach (ḟolach) m. a cold hiding-place : amhail chréachtacha 'na gcodladh 'na bhfuar-fhalchaibh ar nach bí cuimhne ó shin amach `in sepulcris' TSh. 4709 . ¤ḟéchain `a lukewarm regard': dá ghaol féin ní fuairfhéaghain, Aithd. D. 65.37 . ¤fiafraige a stupid question : do bferr mo fhreagra go glan, ina bheith leis na fuairḟiafraighthibh sin, Luc. Fid. 367.6 . ¤gam mid-winter (?): isin mís īar n-úargaim (: Brain), ZCP xii 234 § 47 . cf. ic ō[u]l isinn uargaim (: Brain), ZCP ix 338 . ¤gaol sódh fuilngthe gacha fuarghaoil `a disaffected kinsman' Measgra D. 26.62 . ¤grés: firfid cath T. la teora húargrēsu hÚ Māil, ZCP xiii 375.13 . ¤gus: cengait celga úargossa | fri ág erred anglonnach, TBC-I¹ 1693 (in a rosc). ¤ifrenn cold hell : ar n-argain ḟūarifrinn, ZCP viii 206 § 37 . ¤lámach: a thiaghanaigh etigh aitigh uarlamhaigh cold-handed (i.e. inhospitable? ) IT iii 103 § 198 ( Bruchst. § 74 ). ¤ledrad: do fuaratar a bfuair-ledrad, Caithr. Thoirdh. 25z . ¤leitir: créad fá mbeinn re fuairleitribh?, Measgra D. 53.7 . ¤lommann: nī lua úar-lommann fola for úarmírenn crōdai, ZCP xi 85 § 37 . ¤a cold month : gné shéimhlí a aighthe i n-uairmhí, L. Cl. A. B. 217.64 . ? ¤neim: see fúairneim. ¤scailteóc: fuarscaoilteog `a cold winding sheet,' Keat. Poems 356 . ¤scél a silly story, fiction : dobheir fuair-sceul fabhaill leis, Keat. i 62.23 . ¤scoth: dar cend Fhebrat na n-uarscoth, LL 198b19 (`cool flowers' Metr. Dinds. iii 227 ). ¤sioc: adhbha úairsheaca, BS § 45 . ¤sliab a cold mountain : 's is guth adhradh d'fuair-shléibhtibh, Ir. Monthly 1919, 284.13 ( DDána p. 229 ). ¤sreb a cold refreshing stream : fúairsreabh dá hól ag aoighidh, IGT, Decl. ex. 1337 . a n-ibheadh d'fhuair-shreabhaibh, Ir. Monthly 1921, 421.13 ( DDána p. 267 ). ¤sruth a cold stream : fuar-shruth Finne, 68.12 ( DDána p. 315 ). ¤thress a cruel fight : dar Mag nAilbe na n-úarthress, Metr. Dinds. iii 148.12 . ¤thingell deceitful pledge : ó na fuairthinghealltoibh imrighne ettarbhacha no geallta dó, AFM vi 2140.22 . ¤uisce cold water : féar a gcuilt, fuaruisge a bhfleadh, TD 21.9 . teora dabcha úarusci, LU 3794 ( SCC 36 ), 8719 ( FB 54 ). ¤urnaigde (airnaigde) f. lukewarm prayer : fuarurnuighe, Donlevy 390.6 .

adj (b) with adjectives: ¤angbaid cruel and ruthless : dām ifrinn ḟúarangmaid (v.l. úarangbaid), ZCP viii 211 § 56 . ¤choíl cold and narrow : leabaidh fhuar-chaoil dómhain, Keat. Poems 358 . ¤chráibthech hypocritical : drong thógbhálach, fhúar-cráibhtheach, Donlevy 128.15 . ¤chr(a)idech cold-hearted : nipat úarcraidech im chardiu, LU 3493 ( SCC 26 ). ag éisteacht re briathraibh fuar-chraoidheacha, ML 102.3 . do laochaibh fuar-chraoidheacha na h-Aisia, 116.7 . ¤derg cold and red : co Muir nIcht n-uarderg, Rawl. B 502 83a52 . ó fhíon fhuairdhearg, Ir. Monthly 1919, 403.54 ( DDána p. 301 ). ¤fliuch cold and wet : fa chlár ndíllidh bhfuairḟliuch bhFáil, TD 7. 48 . fan gclár bhf., 28.4 . idir dhorchladh bhfúairfhliuch bhfeóir | is confadh úaibhreach aieóir, Studies 1921, 418 . a inis fh., Keat. Poems 1356 . ¤foirfe cool and complete : a mbeirt fhúarfhoirfe iairn, Studies 1921, 418 . ¤glan cold and clear : tofil in matin n-uairgloin, ZCP viii 418.9 . re taeb Eoire uarglaine `the cold-pure Nore,' Fél. p. xxiv . ¤glas cold and green : i n-achadh fhuarghlas Eireann (: dualghas), Studies 1925, 403.1 . ¤idnach: Aed úaridnach, LL 304b44 . Cóir Anm. 121 (where it is variously explained as `cold pangs' or `cold weapons'). ¤lebor cold and long : tonn ... fhuarleabhar, ML 94.16 . ¤mer cold and stimulating : ní d'iarraidh chlú ... | do cheannchaidis fíon fuair-mhear, Ir. Monthly 1921, 374.16 ( DDána p. 258 ). ¤thondach having cold waves : go Loch n-úarthondach aAindind, ZCP viii 220 § 32 .

(c) prefixed to vbs. (rare): ¤chrothaid shivers with cold: andsin romemaid in loch | fosin fedain, ronúarchroth `quaked with cold' Metr. Dinds. iii 462.42 (v.l. ronuacrot; romarbchroth). cía díb in tÚar ronúar-chroth?, `who stirred its cold waters' iv 230 x . Cf.: an Ruachtach ag fuarghol go brónach, O'Rah. xxii 129 .

1 úathad, óthad, úaithed

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 úathad, óthad, úaithed or dil.ie/42815
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: úathadh, úathadh, úathadh, úathad, úathad, indhuathad, nóthud, nothud, nothuth

n (see Ériu iii 74 ) o-ā, freq. used substantivally. N.pl. and cpv. forms wrongly listed s.v. 2 úaite q.v.

(a) a small number, a few : úathadh , IGT, Decl. § 11 . úathadh .i. beagán, O'Cl. ainm d'áon `úathadh', Metr. Gl. Ff. 21 (aon ainm uathaidh; ┐ aen ainm gach uathaid v.l.). húathad ṅdóine do chretim diib few persons would believe (`pauci, paucitas hominum'), Wb. 4d4 . cid an uathath nísiu (gl. et ego relictus sum solus, et qu[a]erunt animam meam), 5a26 (=`hanc unitatem, hunc unum' Ascoli 131 ). huathad foirbthe a few perfect men Ml. 90c12 (cf. 2 úaite). conna torchair acht uathed mbeg im Chonaire .i. nónbor nammá, BDD 158 U (huathad Y). uathad becc, LB 149a58 . subaith cach n-ōthath ` singleness ,' Fianaig. 38.8 . táinig annsin le hiomud coguidh uathadh fear agas foirne ar mhórán d'Éirinn, PCT 680 . is i toil ar Fiadhad find | ūathad brāthar fo aencuing a few brothers beneath one [monastic] rule , Ériu ii 229 § 7 . hūathad ōclaoch innide, Ériu i 39 § 5 . as cómhartha fainne uathadh sochraide, ML 104.3 . do bhí uathadh ban sa gcáthair, ITS i 108.29 . atāt deich primratha fichet forsin sceolsa, ┐ is lōr ūathad dīb for desmberecht, MacCongl. 111z . Attrib. gen.: atchondarc and fert n-úathaid `a lonely grave,' Metr. Dinds. iii 228.29 , cf.: rogab lige n-uachail (v.l. n-uathaid) n-ard, ii 14.55 . d s. hua huathud do áis foirbthiu (gl. paucís uirtutis studio praeditis), Ml. 90c11 . iomad asa ag uathadh cruidh, TD 1. 54 . go n-uathadh oile i n-a choimhiteacht, Fl. Earls 190.26 . co n-uathadh do chlandaibh Néill, AFM iii 108.4 . an t-uaithed ro baoi 'na farrad, TFrag. 122.6 . ro thairis uaithtedh i ffarrad Ch., 208.18 . ní tearna ... acht dias ... ┐ uaitheadh beag leó, 146.19 . Adverbial use (dat. or nom. of accompaniment) with a small number: ní ba úaithed dondriga (gl. in adventu Domini nostri cum omnibus sanctis eius), Wb. 25a38 . iss ed ... roráid M. ra F. can tocht úaithed í cend rig Herenn co feraib Herenn imme, RC xiii 46.6 . tiagam huathud sluag co pupaill morscoith, TBC-I¹ 1067 . Tigernan do dhul ..., uathadh sochraide, with a small body of troops , AFM iv 720.10 . co nach ternó dhibh ass acht mac D. uathad ar echaib, ALC i 196.4 . conus-tarraidh Aenghus ... uathadh orro, RC xvii 354.3 . With subst. vb.: rí Crúachan nocha ttéid troighid | beith uathad is doiligh dhó, `for his forces to be small is grievous to him,' KMMisc. 172 § 23 . gé do bhí uathadh fan aim-sin, DDána 17.8 .

i n-úathad alone, with a small number: fēle, ar nī bī a n-uathad, O'Mulc. 60 . teid D. lā n-aen do seilg, co rucsat na laeic[h] sin fair a n-uathad óa muintir, Marco P. 98 . gur fhágbhadar M. ... 'na uatha ┐ 'na aonar, ITS i 12.3 . rofiarfuigh do P. cid imma mboi in uathadh ind sin, D IV 2, 73rb 8 . gearr go rabhad 'na n-uathadh (úadh-, MS), | Rāth Tuathail is Ráth Teamhra `soon shall they be lonely,' KMMisc. 352.1 Cf. ní bhfuilim acht am uathadh `we are but a handful,' Oss. vi 136 . fatigus i n-uathad `heedfulness in solitude,' Ériu vii 138 . As pred. of cop.: is huathath (gl. rarus est [qui nesciat]), BCr. 31d1 . as ūathad dan hoiris, Irish Texts ii 9 § 28 . is uathadh dona heolchuibh aga bfuil fios, RC xxix 116 § 12 . rob ūathad mo dám `I was only a party of one,' MacCongl. 19.23 . tinolaid for sluagad slan, | ni ba huathad for comdal, SR 1374 . rop u.¤ i sanasaib, LL 343d20 . giarb uathed do dám malle though few was thy train along with thee , LL 87b25 . ua huathad eolaig (Eg. eolach) inn usci sin, few knew of , TTebe 1752 (but: as úathadh na fir, lochtach; as uaiththe na fir, cóir , ZCP xvi 333 ). cid uathad in timna-sa i fhoclaib, aráide is lethan hi ceill, PH 5838 . rob uathadh a chomhaoisi there were few as old as he , ZCP xi 44 § 52 . traigle i nach uathadh ḟuidhre, IT iii 85 § 83 ( Bruchst. 88 ). do Chrúachain cháid cen chaite, | ac' nach úathaid (v.l. úathad) ecraite `whose foemen are not few,' Metr. Dinds. iii 348.16 . teagh ... is (Mss. um, as) nach uathadh urra um Aodh, DDána 119.23 . Cop. not expressed: uathadh bean i mbia t'úire, Ir. Monthly 1919, 226.26 . uathadh loingeas an ríogh ráin, ML 82.27 .

In phr. is úathad do is alone, is with a small number: ba fūathad do Chond in tan sin, ZCP viii 276.9 . ba ūathad dō, 10 . is uathadh duinn anosa `we are few now,' BNnÉ. 41 § 84 . is cumung ... ar ferand-ni ┐ as uathad d'ar sluagaib, Aen. 1872 ( BB 469b40 ). mad úathad do a ndeilb fhagla | dleaghar suil re sodamhna, Irish Texts ii 25 § 3 . do-chonnarc uair, nár bh'uathadh dhíbh-se, | gé taoi anocht gan scot re scaoithibh, Keat. Poems 1475 (to Cahir). With cop. omitted: uathadh dot aos cuidighthe, Content. vii 16 . Advb.: indhuathad (gl. raro), Sg. 137b2 .

Contrasted with words denoting multitude. With ilar: tucais nuachar a Dhe dhamh | is mé an t-úathad re hilar, Irish Texts ii 15 § 36 . ger bhuathadh i naghaidh iolair eisiomh, AFM iii 576.5 . tug go huathadh iolar sluagh | a shiobhal fa ruathar ríogh `many a host he made small' i.e. reduced to a unit , Ir. Monthly 1919, 399.23 ( DDána p. 298 ). With imad: nír an uathadh ná imad a n-áeninad rena aigid, Comp. CC 109.15 . ar uathadh nó ar iomad sluaigh, TD 19.8 . With sochuide: cit sochudi bid huathad creitfes diib, Wb. 4d5 . cía lín ro lá insé | inn úated nó in sochaide, LU 4747 . curach berar for sál i n-domnach cid úathad cid sochaide nodmbera, `whether it be one or many,' Ériu ii 206 § 24 . nim dersaige fri úathad nomdíusca immorro fri sochaide, LU 5119 . trí húathaid ata ferr sochaidi: úathad dagbríathar, úathad bó hi feór, úathad carat im chuirm `three fewnesses that are better than plenty,' Triads 93 . eter uathad ┐ sochaide `one and all,' BNnÉ 267 § 235 . i núathud ┐ hi sochaidi alone and in a multitude Thes. ii 356.21 . ó uathad co sochaidi, Lism. L. 723 .

(b) The singular number (gramm.): ilar ar huathud són plural for singular , Ml. 145d5 . is fo huath[ud] amal sodin an institutae creaturae is in the singular , 42b12 . ut nomina pluralia techtaite huathath that have a singular number , Sg. 71b3 . ní rochinnset ó nach uathuth etir they have not descended from any singular at all , ib. hothad ut mei meus singular 198a22 . i narim hodid in the singular number , 66b9 . i nóthud in the singular, 41a8 . i nothud , 92b2 . i nothuth , 198b3 . sum, es, est, a uathad its singular , Auraic. 310 . cen uathad fri ilar, 1942 , cf. 5058 . cetperso in uathaid sum, 325 . tres perso in huathaid, est, 326 . persa tanaisti huathaid es 305 . cid ar a n-eipertsium guta ┐ consaine, uair guthaigi uathaid ┐ consaini iolair?, 2756 . itait amh a tri i n-uathad .i. sum, es, est, 323 , cf. 1641 etc. dlighidh aithne ar lochduibh iomdha oile mur atá ... iollradh re húathadh (a metrical fault), IGT, Introd. § 2 . as díobh aithne ar chíalluibh úathaidh ┐ iollraidh, ib. ainm uathaidh an fhocuil do fíafróchthaoi dhe d'fhéchain ar tús, § 3 . ga líon siolla san fhocal as sía do Gháoidhilg do chomhfhocal no d'ainm úathaidh, § 1 . ainm úathaidh cáol ... ainm úathaidh leathan, ZCP xvi 333 .

With the ordinals to distinguish the units from the tens (see Ériu xxii 179 ). Of the age of the moon : hi coicid huathid (gl. quinta luna) in the fifth , BCr. 33b7 . in n-ochtmadh uathaid rogenair Brigit, i cedain sainriudh: i n-ochtmad dec rogabh caille, Lism. L. 1351 . Natiuitas S.B. día cédaoín an ochtmadh uatha[i]d escca Febhra, CS 22.14 . Nativítas S.B. dia cetaine in uííí.mad uathaid esca, LB 220 marg. inf. in. deachmadh uathadh (v.l. ind x. maid uathaid) escai i mís Mai, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 23 n. 25 . aimsir gemhreta ann, ┐ tres uathaidh ar [ai] ais ésci, CCath. 449 . hi cuigeadh uathadh gan eill | doruacht Ceassair in Erinn, BB 22a46 ( ITS xxxv 228 ). Kl. Enair for cetain, ocus oen uathadh fuirri `the first day of the moon,' CS 338.8 . ail uathaidh fuirri, RC xviii 284.2 (Tig.). dechmadh uathadh fuirre, 56 . ALC i 292.6 .