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2 abairt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 abairt or dil.ie/37

 

Forms: abhairt

n [ā], f. Initial a- somet. marked long, but quantity not fixed by rhyming exx. Prob. vn. of *ad-beir. The lenition in abhairt, H 3.18 603 prob. an error. f., IGT Decl. § 42 .

(a) game, feat, trick: ni hadha dom anmuin apairt romnett, Ériu ii 3.3 `not due to my soul is the deed (or feat) that has quelled (?) me', p. 7 . abras ┐ a.¤ dogní int ócláech . . . focheird a bunsaig rout n-aurchora úad . . ., TBFr. 49 . ba si abreth (a.¤, v.l.) dogniad C. . . . .i. dobeired a da mér immon cailg ndét . . ., Ériu iii 142.231 . cidne apairte dorigne m'athair ag bein a cind doit dé .i. dó Art, 23 E 29 34b2 . dosgní cuclaide . . . ┐ abarta inganta (of the ark), LB 128a50 . fochann . . . tresa ttángattar . . . na habarta fúalaing ┐ folúaimhnighe ain fáoi-siumh, BS § 1 . In association with reb: reb ┐ ā.¤ , TBC-I¹ 1796 . roboth ocond reibsin ┐ ocond á.¤ on tráth coraile, 1418 . lorg . . . ba sed a reba ┐ abairti, MU² 629 . reba ┐ abarta, TBC-LL¹ 5191 . a.¤ .i. ab arte .i. issī a.¤ doní .i. elada, O'Mulc. 10 . ar ae .i. ar a a.¤ .i. ar a dán, Laws v 460.4 Comm. a.¤ .i. cleas, H 3.18, 603a . a.¤ .i. bés, H 3.18, 51b . a.¤ .i. ealadha no bés, O'Cl. a.¤ .i. indell, Lec. Gl. 397 .

(b) performance, behaviour: fo dhaig dognith apairt dia sirsilliudh `for it was his wont to gaze at her continually', Ériu xii 164 § 3 (TE2). ba hisin . . . a abair[t] this was how he behaved, RC ix 470.16 . bliadain . . . ocund ábairt se (of birds), IT iii 244.39 . .i. cleas, 276 § 4 (H 3.18, 603.25). Freq. with prep. FOR; teora mí dó forsan a.¤ sin (of a magic ox), BNnÉ 186 § 23 . secht misa dhoibh forsan abart sin (of a host beleaguering a city), Marco P. 151 . dia coscc don apairt sin (of reviling), Fen. 116.10 . co n-á.¤ imtholta, TBC-LL¹ 5325 = co mmīad imtholton, TBC-I¹ 3263 .

áilgen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áilgen or dil.ie/1003

 

adj o, ā. See LEIA soft, mild, pleasant: lenis .i. ailgen, LU 936 (ACC). ailgen no slemon gl. leuem, Ml. 87b13a . amal bróin nailgen sniges hi cnai, 89c15 . in dealb alainn ailghen, TBC St. 2409 . do thaisbenad a chrotha álgin alaind do mnaib, LU 6536 (TBC). a dhreach áilghin, SGS iv 138 § 7 . a gilldai umail ailgein `gentle', Cáin Ad. § 18 . Erne á.¤ imchubaid (: -báided), Metr. Dinds. iii 462.z . lorg . . . cend anbthen fhurri ┐ cend álgen, MU² 629 . ceól meldach n-á.¤ , LU 1800 . lēnis cantus .i. canamain mīn ālgen, ZCP v 497.20 . re séisibh . . . ailgeana . . . oirfidech, MR 110.22 . ro cendsaich M. o briathraib ailgenaib E., TTebe 3180 . aithescc ailgen in t-slanicceda, PH 6137 . bolad ailgen, LB 230b33 . Compar. biad bis ailgini, Ériu vii 150 § 19 . Used predicatively: is á.¤ doneprinn. Tráctairecht forsa liquitur insin gl. pedetemptim desolvitur, Sg. 145a4 . mám in Choimded is á.¤ , Ériu i 197 § 14 . is cennais ┐ is á.¤ (of a person), LU 1941 ( FA 1 ). airchinnech glan, cráibdech / algen fri cech ndlicht `gentle in every determinat- ion', Ériu iii 106 § 41a . uair ro bo ṡoghnasach ┐ ba hailghin oc a haltrum, RC vi 174.3 . dob áilghen a gciall fa ól, L. Cl. A. B. 118.100 . Adv. gu hailghen mesarda pleasantly and moderately, Ériu v 134 § 73 . go cennuiss áilghen, Fl. Earls 48.22 . co hinmain ailgen aga hagallaim, TTebe 1069 . a hiarraidh go háilghean (of heaven), DDána 37.40 .

n Subst. huare as serb ┐ nad ṁbí ní du ailgen indi, Ml. 94c8 . ba h-algen curmthigi, is ba dúr debtha he was the darling, TFerbe 309 . 's as tú a-bháin, a bhean Cheara / fat fhear lenb áil t'ailgheana `who lovest to exercise thy charms on thy spouse', O'Hara 3234 .

áin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áin or dil.ie/1161

 

Forms: áine

ā, f. and i, f. see GOI § 736 . Also áine. Vn. of aigid.

(a) act of driving (animals etc.): cuic seoit a n-ain (.i. inund .i. ind) ┐ a tain (.i. imach .i. as), Laws iv 156.20 ; 158.7 Comm. ni haclaide ain bo do tarb, 156.21 . [ d]ilmuine ana aiges, ii 72.8 . i ndeguidh na hana, 13 Comm. atait secht n-imana . . . na tuillit fiacha . . . ain bo a fer, etc., v 136.6 . fothla ┐ tothla ┐ an ┐ airgsiu (species of `duinecaithe' or man-trespass ), iv 98.18 Comm. andilsi do flaithib fothla tothla an tan aircsiu, ZCP xii 366.16 ( H 3.18, 7b ) = án tán `driving in, driving out', PRIA xxxvi (1921-4) 310.71 . á .i. táin. O'Cl.

(b) Of games: in tan ba há.¤ phuill dognitis when they were driving (balls) into a hole, LU 4985 . oc āin līathrōidi, TBC-I¹ 495 . oc aine (áni LU) līathrōidi, TBC-I¹ 428 . a lorg āne, 381 = l. ána, 390 . bai seom . . . oc aine feacht ann, YBL 181a24 . iar n-áine faebur `play of blades', Metr. Dinds. iv 330.14 . ? ba hathlamh áine im úaga, i 6.8 . Of racing horses: ōenach .i. āine ech, Corm. Y 1002 . ōen nde blaī āne ech n-oenaig, ZCP xi 93 § 28 . Of holding a fair: ní cumhaing aenach do á.¤ , AFM ii 594.y (cf. 1 aige).

Note also: an mac [bāid] robói / nói mīsaib im āin (: bāin) `in my womb', BColm. 16.22 .

ainbthen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainbthen or dil.ie/1183
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: ainbthine, ain(b)fen, ain(b)fene, ain(b)fine, anbthine, ainuthen, ainbthine, anbthena, hanfine, ainbthin, -anfhethna, anbthen, ainbthinib, ainphenaibh

n earlier ainbthine f. (anboth (see anfud), LEIA Cf. Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 59, 628 . See also feithine). Also ain(b)fen, ain(b)fene, ain(b)fine. n s. ind anbthine , LL 6889 . a s. ainuthen (ainbtine, v.l.), CCath. 3924 . g s. ainbthine, LU 8709 . anbthena, TBC-LL¹ 5300 . na hanfine , PH 4241 . n p. ainbthin, LU 2364 . -anfhethna, CCath. 1927 . ?g p. anbthen, MU² 629 . d p. ainbthinib, LU 2234 . ainphenaibh, RC xi 129.y .

(a) storm, tempest: maidm toraind tollchléthi / trethan trom ainbthine, LU 8709 ( FB 53 ). trethan .i. anfen, ut est ardainm tar tuinn trethan .i. anfenaigh, O'Dav. 1576 . ond anbthine sein ruc Paulínus E. i lluing, Anecd. iii 75.24 . gorta ┐ ainmtine, RC xxiv 373.4 . cur roimeclaigh Persaual in ainmten imurcrach roboí forsin sruth, D IV 2, 73 rb 30 . rodáil a ainbthen uile / dar Mag nA. (of Loch Rí), Metr. Dinds. iii 458.99 . immud anbthine na peni suthaine, IT i 170.z . commbogad ainbtini dermairi, CCath. 868 . isi conair tuc in ainfin e, 2104 . ainbhthine an aeéir, Studies 1921, 75 § 15 . ainfine imarcach ┐ doinionn dermhair, Fl. Earls 8.17 . ?g p. used attributively: lorg adúathmar . . . cend anbthen fhurri ┐ cend álgen, MU² 629 and n. Fig. ni ḟodhmad broinn ainfen[e] `stomachs endure not a storm', BCrólige 25 (cf. anfen .i. ingnad, ut est fri fail mil moir ni fodma bronda anfen, O'Mulc. 107 ). i n-anfine n-ai as regards the storminess of the case, Cóic Con. 15 § 2 = ainfene, 34 § 38.

(b) violence, fury, rage in general: troithaith ainbthine di dagbesaib cana ┐ rechtge, Laws iii 24.15 . flaith leigis anbtine for a tuaith .i. . . . leigis anfethaigh ar in ceile, O'Curry 458 (H. 3.18, 243b). co rolad anbfen eturru im glenn tribthine, BB 6a37 . mor do anfene ┐ do eccoimhnert, Stair Erc. 375 . atracht . . . a ainbfine onchon, 1347 . bruth ┐ anbthine Palámid, TTr.² 1311 .

As n.pr. Ainpthini ingen Maelduin, LL 362 marg. inf.

áinius

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áinius or dil.ie/1424

 

Forms: áines, áines, áinis, áinesa

n u, m. (án. Form influenced by oíbnius with which it is frequently coupled, O'Rahilly, EIHM p. 287 . See also Vendr. Lex.). Later also áines o, m. áines m. (g s. and n p. áinis, áinesa), IGT Decl. § 38 . Verbs § 83 .

(a) splendour, delightfulness, pleasantness: a āinius ┐ a airrdricus, TBC-I¹ 355 . ar th'airscélaib ┐ t'ánius, BDD² 55 . ar is tu ceand anissa ┐ airdercusa ┐ grian na Greci uile, LL 398a16 . mor n-orddain ┐ ániusa, Ériu iv 28 § 18 . gur bhó hadbha do chonaibh allta cill mocheallócc iar gach náines baoí innte gó sin, AFM v 1654.2 .

(b) pleasure, enjoyment, sport, play: fecht n-āinius[a] a journey of pleasure, Corm. Y 1059 (perh. visitation, cf. SCano 293). cluchi ┐ céti ┐ ánius ┐ aibinnius, LU 3226 . ní dingén aínes festa / ro líon cuma mo chraide, SG 61.12 . cen ainíus / in caingen dorigenus, BB 303a24 (Liad. and Curithir). áines menma `cheerfulness of spirit', O'Gr. Cat. 472.25 . dá mbeith áineas Banbha ar bun were Banbha's happiness assured, Content. xxv 3 . áineasa ┐ antláis . . . na hanma, TSh. 8722 . cosg dubha, dúsgadh áinis (: fis) (of a poet), DDána 73.42 . milse meala, meisge chorm . . . do bhí dhamh 'na n-áineas orm, TD 25.18 . ruagadh áinis, áladh airgthe treón the banishing of joy (of the power of age and death), Hackett xii 27 . áines tar gomh ag mnaí mérchuirr / ag dol ar cháoi ndérthruim dhí, IGT Decl. ex. 987 . aineas gan imdheargadh n-áoin, Studies 1918, 452 § 7 . in tan ba háines do when he pleased, LB 130a 15 . ba sedh rob aines ┐ rob airecc tuile dóibh their favourite amusement was, AFM v 1864.8 . ?In specialized sense: is lasna firu-sa a naenur a mbreth ┐ ænius (áinius v.l. p. 205) ┐ eolus `these men alone have . . . their skill', IT iii 187.4 . Of the bliss of heaven: Pardus . . . co n-ainius, co n-aebinneos, SR 974 . ní inisfea nech . . . a anius ┐ a aibnius, LU 2023 . cumachta . . . in Chomded . . . mórthimchell ind rigsuide . . . co n-ánius ┐ co n-áibinnius, 2048 ( FA 12 ). Of games, sport: gebid a adbena ániusa, TBC-LL¹ 886 . turcbaidsium a oenluirg n-ániusa, 914 = a lorg áne, LU 4869 . fo bíth in chluichi ┐ ind ániusa, LL 292b16 . a haithle a n-oenaig ┐ a n-aniusa, LU 2238 ( FA § 30 ). inn aimser ainesa in time of sport, CCath. 5250 . dénat ánius eturru (of hunting with dogs), Anecd. i 9.22 . As quasi-vn.: ic ol ┐ ic ánius ┐ ic áibnius, TBC-LL¹ 189 . ag imagallamh ┐ ag āines bhriathar re aroile, Fl. Earls 78.20 . rogabsat ac ain[is] imacallma fria araile, Grail 642 . mé ag áineas tar m'eólchoire, Studies 1924, 88 § 24 . robadur ag aines ┐ ag urgairdiugudh foran iarla `joking', ZCP vi 297.10 .

Cf. 1 áine.

? airbél

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? airbél or dil.ie/1613

 

n (bél): tri lorg línfíaclach o urbél co úae, LU 7276 = o ur bél co uoe, BDD² 909 .

1 aithech,

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aithech, or dil.ie/2605
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: athach, athaig

n o, m. (aithe). See LEIA a.¤ (cóir), athach, eathach (lochdach) m., IGT Decl. § 11 , § 55 . Note however, athaig (g s.): athair, Éigse viii 290 § 12 and n. 0

Lit. rent-payer; vassal, peasant .

(a) In legal contexts used of a particular class of tenant and sometimes to describe the commoner as opposed to the noble. See Críth G. p. 74 ; ZCP xv 245 . ethach .i. quasi aithech .i. doniter a aithe for neach, O'Curry 105 ( H 3.18, 70 ). a.¤ .i. fer braith ut est taidhe cach a.¤ .i. is amail gataide in fer braith nó in fer forinaiter féich, O'Dav. 37 . Cf. táid gach a.¤ | a.¤ gach ainbh, Ériu xiii 20.14 . a.¤ = briuga, Harl. 5280, 53b (Plummer MS. notes). athaigh .i. íocaidhe, O'Cl. flaith ┐ a.¤ `lord and vassal', Thes. ii 238.12 ( Ardm. 17a2 ). fri tige cach na.¤ , Ml. 92d15 . athaig ┐ bachlaich domeled sin uile, SCano 345 . flaith athuigh na bid flaith a athair i.e. a noble whose father was a commoner, `Bauer-Herr', ZCP xv 245 § 4 . ní dlig a.¤ mraich cor[o]p flaith, Críth G. 254 . díre n-aithig honour-price paid by an a., 530 . athich cacha slointe di ṡhund huma anechclann the commoners of every family from here on with their e., Rawl. 118b38 . adnacol do cholaind aithich thuaithe a peasant of the tribe (laity?), RC x 82.12 . soifid roúall . . . i mmaccu a.¤ .i. grád fene no chille, LL 188c1 ( RC xxvi 42.1 ). ait[h]ech cách co hEogan húais, ZCP viii 299 z . ísel cech athech, Tec. Corm. § 15.15 . ó a.¤ co righ, ML² 836 . athig i comairli ríg / mairg tír i tic in scél, Ériu ix 48 § 23 . aondath i n-éadach moghaidh, dá dhath i n-éadach an aithigh, Keat. ii 1918 . aithigh Laighion / siad ós maithibh measfuidhior, LBranach 5776 = DDána 117.16 . gach saoirfhear ann badh aitheach, 72.32 . Prov.: as ait[h]ech cāch gan deōladh no one is so exalted but he can do with assistance(?), ML² 162 .

With qualifying clause, gen., etc. a.¤ ara-threba a deich (so called because his stock is numbered in tens, and represented as standing midway between the ócaire and the bóaire, Críth G. p. 77 ): cateat fodlai bóairech? dá ḟer midboth(a) ┐ óccaire ┐ a.¤ arathreba a deich, 17 . a.¤ arathreba a deich, deichde a búar sidi, 132 . a.¤ baitside (baitsid, baitse), meaning doubtful; is é a.¤ baitside inso dia mbé in[n]a enncai cen gait, cen brait cen guin doíne acht láa catha nó nech toṡaig a chenn fair, Críth G. 142 and n. a.¤ forrtha (fortha), one appointed to take the king's place in legal actions against him, see forrtha.¤ im athechu bunaid (.i. na aithig ḟortha) im athechu cis (.i. na doerchele), Cóic Con. 21 § 14 .

(b) In pejorative sense churl, boor, uncouth person: contall a chenn dind aithiuch labar, Ml. 58c6 . in triar a.¤ . . . ro anacht Cú Ch., BDD² 1287 . robo leanamnach int a.¤ (aidech, LU), TBC-I¹ 1207 . ni thecat da fuapairt / acht [mad] athig mith, TBC-LL¹ 3371 (see meth). is duit dosratsam ┐ ni dont ṡenaithiuch ucat (of Rónán), Fing. R. 67 . ni tú as cóir dia chairigud . . . a.¤ samlut (of Lugaid Mac Con), RC xiii 438 § 9 . bríathra athig churlish words, LU 5450 (TBC). in t-eathach, Acall. 5532 . dias aitheach oc ingairi cairech, YBL 122a2 . cumala ┐ athig na Pers, Alex. 390 . athig ┐ doeraicme, TTr.² 1303 . ar ba haitheach somh a h-ucht treóin `being a plebeian representative of a hero', AFM iii 178.17 . a tigh aithigh ┐ áonmná / caithidh sibh an cáomlá ar cúairt, IGT Decl. ex. 363 .

In phr. a.¤ feda base tree (oppd. to aire feda). Used of letters of the alphabet: athaigh feada, Laws iv 146.19 , 24 . airigh fedha ┐ athaig fedha . . . athaig fedha .i. fern, sail, bethi etc., Auraic. 1151 = aithig, 4249 .

(c) giant, monster: immacomarnaic dó ┐ don scál. tresi cluchi ind athig, LU 8538 ( FB § 39 ). da aitheach forgranna, Aisl. Tond. 98 § 1 . ar neimib a n-arm na n-athach n-uathmar n-agarbh, BB 43b1 . lorg in fhathaigh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1006 . ris an athach darbh ainm Goliath, TSh. 10937 . combarala dam ┐ dond a.¤ (of the Cyclops), Mer. Uil. 56 . ethach ┐ arderrad ┐ fogmoir, Stair Erc. 1290 . is i in [n]aithir neime .i. in t-a.¤ aingide (of the custodian of the Garden of the Hesperides), 254 . tú an aithir sheang . . . / is ceann aithigh uirrei-se, DDána 50.10

COMPDS. ¤-aicme vassal tribe: seacht n-aitheachaicme robadar isin tir re tiachtain de Uib Eachach, ZCP xiv 44 § 6 . ¤-lus lit. churl's herb (protection against the evil eye ? Celtica xxiv 38 ): righlus ┐ tarblus ┐ a. . . . a. do ghradaibh feine, O'D. 2365 ( Rawl. B. 506, f. 43b ). ¤-matad base dog (term of contempt): ni tocrad dam int aitheachmattud [do] gleid (glieid, LU) frisin coin moir, TBC-I¹ 1228 . aithechmadad druthsotal, 1594 . ciarso dúal don athiuch-matud saigid forsin árchoin, TBC-LL¹ 1935 . ¤-phort rent-paying town: trí aithechpuirt (.i. bailte bodaich) Hérenn: Clúain Iraird, Glenn Dá Locha, Lugbad, Triads 33 and note p. 36.

¤-thúath subject people (see Mac Neill, Early Irish Population-Groups, PRIA xxix (C) 59 - 114 , O'Rahilly, EIHM p. 154 ff. ): ro díbdáit uili cland Ugaine Máir la athechthúathaib Herend . . . ┐ ro gabsat athechthuatha Herend flathemnas Temrach, LL 7308 . ba di athechthuathaib Herend dó, 14616 . na haitheachthúatha ┐ Cinél Conaill . . . ag argain an bhaile, Ériu v 76.16 . le daorchlannaibh nó lé hathachthuathaibh Éireann, Keat. ii 3702 . annam lib athechthuatha do tháinsemad bartrenfer, LL 238b25 ( TTr. 1617 ).

See next.

áitt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áitt or dil.ie/2826
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: átt, áttaib, átachad, áitt

n f. Perh. orig. átt ā, f., cf. d p. áttaib, Críth G. 173 , átachad, IGT Verbs § 106 . See Mac Airt, Celtica iii 263 . Vendr. Lex. Lochlann ii 213 .

(a) place, situation, position, dwelling: hi cech ait isin chathrig, Ml. 68a13 . co cach inchruth a thige inna áttaib córaib with all the furniture of the house in its proper positions, Críth G. 173 . ni fuair ait forstarrasad (of the Ark), SR 2572 . ro facsat ait na scainnre do S., CCath. 3697 . áit buailte do thabhairt dóibh a place for defeating them, Mac Aingil 1748 . arna shuidhiughadh san áit is onóraighe don chlár, TSh. 855 . na háiti d'folmughadh, IGT Decl. ex. 723 . a buird 'na n-áitibh gá n-uaim planks being joined in their places (of a building), DDána 119.35 . anuidh an connsuine bog na áit féin remains unchanged, IGT Introd. 26.31 .

Abode, dwelling: ra curit ina n-aitib ┐ ina n-imdadaib (of men after feasting), CRR 20.2 . a hait ┐ a hadba, TTebe 186 . do chuaidh gach aon díobh d'a ait (bhaile v.l.) féin, ZCP iv 400.19 . techit na harrachta asa n-attib, PH 743 . aitte (háit v.l.) cumhsanaidh lair (of an animal), BNnÉ 317 § 5 . hi senáitibh slechta Conuill Chernaigh in the hereditary seats of the race of C., AFM vi 2186.12 . anmhain ar ar n-aitibh fein in our own districts, O'R. Poems 3906 .

Passage (in a book): gibé thuigfeas na háite do haithleigheadh linn, Eochairsg. 111.1 . do réir na háite sin (in Bible), TSh. 22 . léaghthar san áit chéadna, 285 . ar lorg na háite-se san Leabhar Ghabhála, Keat. ii 796 .

Perh. crossing-place of a river in: hae aite (in a list of things (on private property) of which there is no exclusive ownership) i.e. salmon seen at a river-crossing can be appropriated (?), Laws v 482.23 (see Mac Airt loc. cit.). Or w.r.t. the location of one's house, EIF 286-87 . Or áe as in the plant-name áe aba, Peritia xvi 390-92 ; see 1 áe.

In phr. á.¤ i n- as conj. where: a tírib beó ait inna bí bás, LU 9996 . ait hi funend grían where the sun sets, 3691 ( SCC 33 ). áit i mbaí a h-adba inmain, Sc.M² 24 (e) . áit i comraicfead díabolnámaid, BDD² 733 . lige Fergusa maic Rōic āitt in rohadnacht ar Mag nĀi, ACL iii 3.3 . áit i farggab C. . . . a chend .i. cenn-áitt F., TBC-LL¹ 2915 . tomaidm Linmuine edón Locha Echach áitt dollégad síl nD., RC xvi 413.16 (Tig.). áit ar marbhadh C., Keat. iii 2545 . Note also: áit mal connairnechtatar where they met, TBC-LL¹ 1441. 1565 .

Combines with interrog. to give cáit where (in dependent and direct questions) (perh. a modification of O. Ir. cote, see Mac Airt, loc. cit.): ní fes do Galafas cait a ndeachaidh, RC x 185.9 . do c[h]uireadar fesa da fhis cáit a rabatar, ML² 911 . cait hir-raibe?, PH 201 . cāit a fhuil Finn?, ML² 1492 .

(b) place formerly occupied by someone or something: ní fuaradar acht a ait ann they found the place empty, ZCP vi 76.13 . do níd áit leabhar dona tuatadhaib they take the place of books (of images), Ó Héodhusa 143.12 . fear a áite his successor, Mac Aingil 6004 . cead . . . an easbuig . . . nó fhir áiti delegate , 4389 . fear āite Chriosd, Parrth. Anma 2934 . do dhiúltuigh . . . ar gealladh d'oifig is d'fhurthacht is d'áit dó place, office (of an Irish chief who resisted the bribes of the government), Hackett xl 192 . imprint, mark: co fil āit a beōil isin c[h]loich fóss ann, BColm. 64.8 . lorg cneadh ┐ áit áladh, DDána 54.9 . Hence in phrase i n-á.¤ with gen.: nach faicim acht fís . . . i n-áit an mhóir-eoluis cheirt instead of, Content. xvi 87 . mar íoc i n-áit an tsochair `as requital for those benefits', ix 26 .

(c) In phrase of doubtful meaning do áitt , diait, diad etc. See Mac Airt loc. cit.: Ri ro sáer Iacob do aitt / do láim Isau meicc Isaic, SR 7313 . teine do áitt etc., for exx. see 1 teine.

áittiugad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áittiugad or dil.ie/2837

 

Forms: áttagad, áitechadh, átachadh

vn. of áittigid. Also áttagad. áitechadh, átachadh, IGT Verbs § 106 .

(a) act of inhabiting, dwelling (in), settling (in): lorg a n-áitighthe `the marks of their dwelling', Content. vi 63 . ionad áitighthe dwelling-place, Eochairsg. 107.24 .

With obj. gen.: iar n-áitiuccadh Locha O. do Brénainn, BNnÉ 87 § 180 . i n-oileán . . . nach raibhe duine . . . dá átughadh, TD 20.18 . With prep. I: do bhí . . . ag áitioghadh ann, Desid. 6188 . do Dh. . . . a ndeineadh Áodh áitechadh, BNnÉ 259 § 219 . mé i n-ainchean d'átoghadh that I persist in sin, Aithd. D. 71.7 . cia an chéiddream . . . dochuir átaghadh ionnad? `who inhabited thee?' TD 28.13 . Maund. 49 . cultivated, inhabited land: an tír uile etir fhasach ┐ áitiucchadh, AFM v 1562.6 . co nár fhágaibh urra aitighthe aon baile ferainn `a proprietor of a single townland', 1666.5 . Common with arbar (cultivated ground): gach baile gach arbhar gach aitiucchadh, 1720.z . d'arbar nó d'áitiucchadh d'indilibh nó d'áirneis, vi 1958.6 . adhbail sccrios aiticchti ┐ arbha, Hugh Roe 280.27 .

(b) act of establishing, founding: cum oenaig d'aitegud to establish a fair, Metr. Dinds. iii 422.18 . a eagluis d'áitiughadh, Eochairsg. 4.16 . an cháin trom do bhí ag Balor / ar Éirinn dá hátaghadh which was imposed, TD 24.5 .

(c) act of proving, demonstrating: an meid-se dhíom ó dleaghar / bíodh ar mh'éigse a áiteaghadh `the stating of it', Content. ix 26 . ní fhéaduid a áitiughadh nó a chruthughadh gur truaileadh an creideamh (sic leg.), Eochairsg. 5.16 . Cf. d'á áiteamh mar shómpla, gur . . . , Hard. ii 268.13 .

anfud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anfud or dil.ie/3608
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: anbod, tanfad, ainbthe, ainbthe, anfaid, anfod, anfaid, ainbthib

n earlier anbod (intens. of 2 féth or neg. of 3 féth, see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 628 , LEIA s.v. anboth). Gender and inflexion doubtful. n s. in tanfad , LL 183a11 . g s. (or g p.) ainbthe, RC xvii 143.21 (Tig.). a s. (or a p.) ainbthe, LU 2980 . g s. anfaid, LU 8498 ( FB 35 ). a s. anfod, LU 9429 . d s. anfaid, Anecd. ii 41 § 17 . d p. ainbthib, Thes. ii 352.5 (Hy. vi). Mod. anḟaithe, O'Rah. 26.3 .

Tempest, storm: féth no anboth gl. navegantium . . . inaequalitas, Ml. 125d11 . ar cech néclind bas eslind / dom chorp co nainbthib hūathaib, Thes. ii 352.5 (Hy. vi) .i. fil co nanbthib, 43 . acht nip forlucht no anfuth (of taking out a boat), Laws iii 210.24 . for feth . . . for anfuth, 212.7 Comm. cia do f[u]air anfad for muir, v 190.y Comm. is mac ainbthe notusmairn `son of storm', RC xvii 143.21 (Tig.). fossod a tond medrach mend / mandra sál fri ainbthe hír, LU 2980 . baíthium a.¤ mílach mend, 3018 . ardomneat anfuth úar, 3019 . báite fairind mo churaig / lasin n-anfod crúaid, 9429 . talgud (= tailciud ?) inna fidbadh . . . la a.¤ tentide di cech le[i]th, Ériu ii 138 § 128 . a.¤ mara, LL 190c30 . Finnai cid lethan a loch / ┐ cid mór a anfod, Metr. Dinds. iv 306.14 . do éirigh anfadh orra, Keat. ii 531 . muir ar n-éirghe anfaidh, DDána 74.19 . do cuir an peisd an uired sin d'anfadh ┐ do combuaidhredh ar an fairce, ZCP xi 144.18 ( BCC 233 ). can tocht re gaith no ar feanfud, Cog. 182.22 . Attrib. g s. Tú mhínigheas an mhuir anfaidh the stormy sea, DDána 13.10 . ? As fixed phrase: a liuthad sodar mhuir anfaidh, SGS xviii 106.27 . go Loch n-anfaidh nUachtair, TD 16.53 .

Fig. in phrases descriptive of a hero, etc.: tonn anfaid, as í a shamhoil, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. v (1919) 93 § 29 . ard-anfud dond dílinne / décsiu Cerbaill chóe[i]m, RC xxix 211 § 4 . tonn is treisi anfadh `wave mightiest in fury', Studies 1920, 418.32 . a réim aithbhe dá hanfadh course of an ebb-tide in its storminess(?), DDána 92.44 . Cf. the compd. do léim tar fhál anfadhaithbhe across the barrier of a stormy ebb-tide(?), DDána 89.7 .

(b) turbulence, fury, rage in general: co ucht anfaid irgaile / re n-ocaib Ulad, LU 8498 ( FB 35 ). cosin flaith find fil fri a.¤ / i fil Dondchad, LL 4992 . cath F. / for coímu in chóicid . . . / og in t-anfad / irrubad Aed Rón is Chonchath, Arch. Hib. ii 61 § 32 ( LL 183a11 ). anfadh cogaidh mhóir i nErinn, AFM ii 1024.11 . aister is fherr anfadh `a most dashing raid', Studies 1920, 418.12 . dín a Dé A. . . . / ar iffern co méit anfaid, LL 199b58 . tainic anfadh an bais chum na baindtigherna = semimortua facta est, Smaointe B. Chr. 3936 . ra érig . . . a.¤ anfóill ecíalla isna ardrigaib, LL 240a14 ( TTr. 1724 ). re hanfadh a ffercc, ZCP viii 224 § 31 . le hanfadh aigeanta, ML 128.14 . mínigh fraoch anfaidh an ḟir, TD 15.50 . íslig . . . grísnimh anfuid th'intinne, O'Gr. Cat. 457.13 . fulang hanfaid, Prolegomena 42 § 9 .

(c) In name of a weapon: lorg anfaid inna láim, LU 5596 (TBC) = lorc anfaith, TBC-I¹ 1113 . tainic in Dagdha ┐ a lorg anfaidh 'na laim, Metr. Dinds. iv 294.22 . Cf. ainbthen.

ar-clich

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-clich or dil.ie/4021
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: airchlige, airsclaige

v ( air-clich-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 493 ) wards off, and hence with transferred obj. defends . Perh. orig. with inf. pron. 3 s. n., Hull, Language xxv (1949) 130 . Indic. pres. 3 s. gilla araclich claideb co scíath, LU 6121 . focherdat dano a . . . lorg ána fair araclichsom co nach ráncatar hé, 4878 ( TBC-I¹ 390 ). Pass. sg. tarbflaith . . . ar-clich ar-clechar he wards off and is warded off, ZCP xi 97 § 62 = con-clich con-clechar, 87 § 48. Ipv. 2 pl. afraigid rīg Macha aurclichid ┐ reliqua , TBC-I¹ 3081 = aurc[h]laidmig far mbū (`the siglum for m seems to be later', Edd.), 3456 . Indic. impf. 3 s. cōim eirr / arachliched (arclicead v.l.) cairptib, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 27 § 1 . dobictis in poll arachliched-som a óenur conná téged . . ., LU 4987 ( TBC-I¹ 498 ). Subj. pres. 2 pl. ara-clessid gl. exstingere, Wb. 22d18 . ? Fut. 2 s. ar búaib bennachaib arciuchlais, LU 5481 ( TBC-I¹ 1002 ). cīallflaith, ar-clich side crīcha scēo tūatha do-lēcet a sēotu ┐ a téchta ndó he defends borders and peoples, they hand over to him their valuables and lawful property, ZCP xi 97 § 60 (= con-gaib side a chrícha cen choscru . . ., 86 § 46 ). araclich .i. urdairc, ut est arm araclich (araclith v.l.) tuatha, O'Dav. 162 = arm aracleith t., Ériu xiii 30.15 . ? airecht fodesin . . . airlighe ardacleth, ZCP xii 360.10 .

Vn. airchlige, airsclaige.

athlorg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. athlorg or dil.ie/4815

 

adj ( lorg ): ní thart nech díb . . . / agaid ind eich 'na a.¤ ` homeward ', Metr. Dinds. iv 66.119 .

baitín

Cite this: eDIL s.v. baitín or dil.ie/5271

 

n m. (bata) small stick: an lorg no an b.¤ do bí 'n-a laimh, BCC 262.19 .

bard

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bard or dil.ie/5404
Last Revised: 2019

 

n o, m. IGT Decl. § 96 (130.5) . See Wagner, Beiträge 294 n . poet or rhymester inferior in qualifications and status to the `fili' (q.v.). See G. Murphy, Bards and Filidh, Éigse ii 200 ff. There were sixteen subdivisions among the `baird': cis lir baird (bairdni, v.l.) docuissin? Nī: a se deac .i. ocht soerbaird ┐ ocht ndóerbaird, IT iii 5.4 . citne a namnand na soerb.¤ ? Nī: rigb.¤ ┐ anruth bairdne ┐ sruth di aill ┐ tigernb. ┐ admall ┐ tuathb. ┐ bób. ┐ b.¤ áne. ┐ in tochtmad b.¤, ni fil dan lais, acht a ngradhaibh a thuistige dorenar, 8 ff. (cf. ACL i 160.15 ff. and Ériu xiii 42.13 ff. ). it é anmand na ndóerb. .i. culb. ┐ srutb. ┐ b.¤ lorge ┐ drisiuc ┐ cromluatha ┐ sirti ui ┐ rindaid ┐ longbh.¤ (lorgb.¤, v.l.), x - z 0 . na soerbaird dano, cid nos deocraigethar i ngradaib ? Nī: asa ṅdanaib forberat ┐ deocruigid. Amal forber cach grad filed sec alaili i sóus ┐ aircetail, is amlaid forber cach ái dib sem sec alaile i nimud sóis et segda, cenmotha fidu ┐ deachu ┐ remend ┐ rl., 6 § 3 . gé ni dleghar dona bardaibh eolus i ffedhaibh ina i ndeachuibh dlegar doibh a cubhaid techta do urmuisi, ┐ do aithne fria cluais ┐ aignedh though the bards are not bound to have a knowledge of letters and syllables they must be able to distinguish and recognise correct consonance by ear and by thought (?), Ériu xiii 44.1 . cate a aisti coír cach baird dona barduib seo doruirmisium ? . . . dos rónat ollamain (leg. ollbairdne ?) uli, acht namá it dechnada uile ┐ sétnada a ruidles. Ansruth bairdne dano, is ollbairdne et cach ní doroich ollbairdne a ruidles. Tigernb. dano, is duan ┐ forduan a ruidles . . . what is the allotted metre of each of the bards whom we have mentioned ? IT iii 22 § 67. bairdne na ndaorb. na sechither dlighedh, bid focla maithe ann ┐ comhraca séghdha; araill nicon fíu cluais, Ériu xiii 44.15 . is aon ann dobheir daoine doibh (sc. na daorbaird) . . . (┐) (sic leg. ?) a mbeith gan tothchusa their being without qualifications, 17 . cidh dlighedh i ffil an bhairdne lasna filedhoibh . . . amhail roghabh rithim arradh mettuir, as amhlaidh atáid na báird cona mbairdne arradh (no i ffarradh) na ffiledh as rhythm is to metre so are the baird to the filid, 42.4 - 6 . b., dno, cin dliged fegluime (sic) acht indtleacht fadeisin (i.e. they were dependent on intuition rather than training), Laws iv 360.10 . is aire na rotcet som (sc. na soerbaird) acht lethenecland na filed, fobith na frithgnat because they do not study (?) (cf. frithgnam, IT iii 6 § 3 (`they do not give reciprocal service (?)', s.v. fris-gní). ró miodhair Neire nemhedh gach báird fri gradha Féne the status of every bard as against that of the Féni grades, Ériu xiii 43.6 . See also boim(m), ? 2 búaignech, 2 lorg , scían.

As exponent of satire: aer o b.¤ , Laws v 228. 28 . techta fuillema gill cacha fir rinnas . . . otha tigernbardd co ruicce driscona, 388.5 . is cu ar amaindsi na saerbaird uili, 16 Comm. cacha mna rindas .i. in ban-b.¤ , 7 Comm. aurcuillte ratha .i. b.¤ ┐ lethcerd ┐ cáinti, i 86.1 Comm. Cf. v 226.36 Comm.

In less technical contexts: seanchas righ Teamhrach / ní fhidir cach bárd bélghach / ní dír báird acht dír fileadh / fis cach righ is a dhlighedh, Leb. Cert. 182. 15 - 18 . dichlannaigfitir filid .i. conna biat filid acht baird nammá, LL 24831. popul dianadh ainm Bardi . . . lángnáthaighitis filidhecht ┐ duana molta do dénam. Is assin iderar baird ┐ bairdne isin Scotic, CCath. 722. mé gan fiú an bhaird do bhuidhin, DDána 46.29 . na báird, na gláimhe is na geocaigh, Keat. Poems 178.

Compds. Brian co mbardlí uas barr Breg. / ardlí Gall ┐ Gaedel bard-sung splendour, LL 15966. bārc bardlōgh gan ordal / oghdar dían ardrōn airdnem (of Colum Cille), ZCP x 340.6 .

1 bé

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bé or dil.ie/5502
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: Bée, béithe, beith, mbéithe

n n., later f. See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 113 and Études Celt. xxv 123-24 . n s. b.¤ nAnand, Corm. Y 104. a mb.¤ , SR 5974. in b.¤ thondgel, LL 18500. g s. Bée, LL 27711. d s. do b.¤ , TFerbe 64 . Mod. g s. na b.¤ , Hackett xi 27 . d s. don bhéith ghlain, O'Rah. 154.5. n pl. béithe, ZCP v 229.26 (Midn. Court). g pl. beith, Ó Bruad. i 62.7 . mbéithe, ZCP v 226.10 (Midn. Court).

Woman: Brigit b.¤ bithmaith `ever excellent woman', Thes. ii 325.15 , glossed: ben ut dicitur b.¤ bind .i. ben find, 29 . bē nē[i]t (.i. badb) .i. bē ben ┐ nēt cath . . . Inde dicitur: `b. nét fort,', Corm. Y 168. Brigit bē n-ēxe . . . B.¤ bē legis, ┐ B. bē goibne (sic leg.) ingena in Dagda goddess, 150 . b.¤ find fors ṅdestatar deirgindlid áir (rhetoric), BDD² 306. be ḟind ḟota ḟoltlebor, IT i 69 § 4. a bē, ZCP viii 102.15 (B. na f., 557.17 ). a mb.¤ n-aill, LL 21147. b.¤ adbul Heriu, 1651 . do b.¤ thastil female messenger, TFerbe 64 . cain-be fial forssaid ḟindnar, SR 3700. co tucas-sa in mb.¤ sáir sláin / Aife, Ériu iv 154.26 . seimigud b immorro .i. a bhen, a bhan, a bhe binn, Auraic. 1275. b.¤ ebraice (bath `daughter'? ed.), mulier latine , O'Mulc. 130. `b.¤' ben, Metr. Gl. 18 § 52. b.¤ .i. bean, O'Cl.

In Laws and glossaries in designations of classes of women. b.¤ carna wanton, harlot : cia ben is mesa do mnáib? Ni hansa. B. chārna, ZCP viii 113.12 . be carna .i. meirdreach, O'Curry 2037 (H. 4.22, 58a). b.¤ charna .i. merdrech, ar dia ndech in ben co cuicir is b.¤ charna. fothad cairn .iiii. clocha, cloch fair is carnn iarum, O'Dav. 213 (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 108 ). b.¤ cétmuinterasa woman with standing of head of a household, chief wife (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 46.28 ): mad be cetmunterasa techta, comaith ┐ comceniuil, Laws ii 380.31 (= Stud. in E. Ir. Law 46 § 22 ). mad be cetmunterasa glossed: mad bean bus cetmuindter uais co dligthech, 382.4 Comm. b.¤ cuitgernsa `woman of condominium' ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 218.18 ): ma co tir ┐ cetra ┐ intreb, ┐ mad comsair comtechta a cuma lanamnusa, ┐ is don ben sin asberar be cuitcernsa, ii 356.31 (= Stud. in E. Ir. Law 18.36 ). b.¤ n-imrama lit. wandering woman (a class of concubine) ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law, 64.25 , 96 f. ): nocon uil ni do do lamda . . . a be nimruma, uair ar a urail fein bis a chartach . . . ┐ nocon eadh bis . . . a be nimruma, Laws ii 400.15 Comm. be nimrama .i. meirdreach, O'Curry 2037 (H. 4.22, 58a). sechtmud do i n-a dormain ┐ i n-a be n-imruma, Laws v 72.4 Comm. b.¤ n-indlis `non-owned woman', see Ériu xii 74.18 . a atitin a primmna ┐ a fine ata cach ben dib sain aicce cenmotha in be nindlis; ┐ a aititin a fir ata saide, Laws ii 400.26 Comm. b.¤ loirge: direnar b.¤ luirge lándire `a distaff woman', O'Gr. Cat. 145.19 (Nero A vii, 153b9). Cf. dorenar be loirge landire .i. ben conaire in filed, glossing lorg `road', O'Dav. 1155. b.¤ loiste loinetha woman of the kneading-trough and churn-dash: direnar . . . lándire b.¤ loisde luineatha alaile, O'Gr. Cat. 145.19. b.¤ roethine woman cast up by the sea?: be roethine .i. roethine mara dode-cuirethar .i. mairchor- (leg. muirchorthae, ed.), Ir. Recht 8 § 8. b.¤ tacuir foundling woman: b.¤ tacair do-renur cuic setaibh, a tri dibh a mamaib eca (leg. ecalsa, ed.) no (leg. ┐, ed.) ina dó eile ó feinib (finib, v. l.), Ir. Recht 6 , 7 § 7 , see ZCP xix 347. b.¤ táide lit. woman of a secret relation, i.e. in an irregular association with a man (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 99 , 100 ): baidsech cach be taide, no cach ben deirge lann (cf. . . . deiraig a lanamnus, v 456.22), Laws iv 58.26 Comm. merdrech [ut est] baitsech cach b.¤ táidhe (thaidhe, v.l.) `every secret woman', O'Dav. 306. b.¤ togu woman (with power) of choice (variously interpreted in Laws Comm.): be togai .i. togu an (leg. and ? ed.) imm a inchaib a ceile fa isint (leg. asint, ed.) seilb techtus di-rether .i. bancomarba lasmbi fer for bantindchur. be thoga .i. tic di co aos togai, na (leg. .i. or [atá] 'na, ed.) tagai, .i. im co fer theis fa in ngaba chaille . . . who has the choice as to whether she will be paid according to the status of her husband or according to her possessions . . . who is of an age to choose whether she will marry or take the veil, Ir. Recht 8 § 9.

Common in later poetry woman, maiden : rádha róchaoin bheóilín bhinn na b.¤ , Hackett xi 27 . is baoth don fhear do scar le béith bhig óig, xxxiv 1 . míle beith ghléigeal `a thousand fair ladies bright', Ó Bruad. i 62.7 . G., leannán béithe `beloved of women', O'Rah. 148.21. do screadadar béithe, 150.27 .

In nn. pr.: Fróech . . . mac side do B.¤ Find a sídib, TBFr. 2 (as b.¤ was orig. neut. the name Bé Finn > Bé Bind, later also Bé Ḟind). Bebinn ingen (sic leg.) Turgeis, Caithr. CC 27. is ed ainm dobered Midir dí B.¤ Ḟind (i.e. Étaín), TE² 180 § 10. B. Néit wife of Néit (a goddess of war): bē nē[i]t (.i. badb), Corm. Y 168. B.¤ nēid .i. Nēid nomen uiri. B.¤ eius Nemon, a ben, 181 . in b.¤ néit . . . .i. Enio, siur Mairt .i. dei in chatha, TTebe 3247 . co festais ca drem . . . din ro samaigfed in B.¤ níth-gubach Néit a neirt-bhríga, MR 242.1 . Aingene ainm ind fir ┐ Bee n-Aingeni ainm na mna, RC x 224 § 17. Be Chuille ┐ Dianand . . . na dí bantuathig, LL 1352. Bé Tuinde, Dinds. 139 ( RC xvi 147 ). In n. loc. oidhre Leice Bébhionn Lickpevune (Co. Kerry), AFM v 1628.21 .

bengánach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bengánach or dil.ie/5652

 

Forms: benglánach

adj o, ā (bengán) also benglánach. Cf. banganacht. branching: lorg bengánuch (benglanach, v.l.) 'na laimh `forked club', BCC 187.

1 bir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bir or dil.ie/5933
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: biur, biur, ṁbir, biur, beura, bear, bearann

n u, n. Later m. O. Ir. biur, b.¤ a s. biur, TBC-I¹ 1255 , a nōmad ṁbir , 1258 . d s. biur, LU 5733. n a p. beura, Sg. 67b11 ( GOI 198 ). b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 71. g p. bear, ex. 1544 , bearann (: fearann), ex. 1541 .

Stake, spit; point; spear; spike: beura gl. sudes, Sg. 67b11 . sudum .i. inna[m]bir, Gild. Lor. 152. bir a ueru , O'Mulc. 151. braga .i. b.¤ -āga. Aige ainm b.¤ , Corm. Y 161. berid .ix. mbera culind . . . laiss nine spits of holly (for use as spears), LU 5726. sríd N. biur for C.C., 5728 . for rind in bera, 5729 . focheird-sium b.¤ for C., TBC-LL¹ 1947. biaid do chend ar bir, 3476 . for rindriis na mbera, LU 5733. gan nach n-arm . . . acht b. iairn ina láim, TBC-LL¹ 4245. beara iaraind, Todd Nenn. 60.3 . coica bera ara mbái rind / tuc leis do beraib cáirthind, RC vii 300.9 , 10 . nochan fuaratar b.¤ na bundsach isin tsligid-sin, Ann. Conn. 1225.12 . secht mbeara fiched d'iaron aithleghtha, RC xxix 124 § 27. co mberaib gera iairn `with sharp spikes of iron', PH 1240. bera bodba biraithi `darts', Cog. 160.27 . do soighdib . . . ┐ do beraib birgéra ┐ do laighnibh . . . lánmóra, Acall. 2829 v.l. do hinnledh na beara ┐ na r[e]anna uile ar a cheann `spears and darts', RC xxix 124 § 31. an bior ar nach rabha rinn, DDána 3.38 . agá dtreaghdadh do bhearaibh troma teinntidhe (one of the pains of hell), TSh. 1979. gin bera gin slegadh `stakes or spikes', Laws i 304.17 Comm. i ninde bera na corad stake of the (fishing) weir, Ériu xvii 68 § 9.12 ( Laws iv 212.12 Comm. ) ineich doberar a ind in uisci, for ind in bera, in t-iasc, Laws v 478.8 Comm. go mbearuibh omhna `with wooden shafts' (notes), O'R. Poems 684. mé do lá b.¤ 'na bonnaib `I thrust a spike into His feet', Ériu iv 114.21 . lorg bear a bhonn mbeoghonta, DDána 54.14 . sa derna do bhí fan mbir (: fuilngir), IGT Decl. ex. 1149. b.¤ bodba `warlike point', TTebe 2818 . acht muna faice bera no slega `unless he saw the dangerous thing', (lit. `spikes or spears',) Laws i 178.15 Comm. iii 500.23 Comm. Cf. beara .i. sleagha, O'Cl.

Cooking or roasting spit: b.¤ bruinnes, LL 3649 (see Petrie Tara, Plate 8). b.¤ co lúdh, YBL 419a27 (Petrie Tara 189, 5-9). b.¤ Neithin, fulacht na Morrígna, inneóin in Dagda `N.'s spit', Triads 120 . ro iorlamhaighsit . . . do bhior ┐ do choire by roasting and boiling, TFrag. 72.15 . féoil om ar beraib ca[e]rthind `on spits of rowan', RC vii 300.16 . láeig beca ar beraib / a fedaib Cáibden, LL 37949 ( SG 364.33 ).

Other applications: fūaratar bās do beruib / ōn muic dísgir druimremuir `by the tusks' (of a boar), Fianaig. 54.19 . dothuit hi Fidga . . . di bir ois antler (?), ZCP xii 238 § 63. earca brech biathuis da b.¤ .i. gai `countless wolves fed he with his spear' ( MS. Mat. 481.11 ), LL 380b38 = LL 6398. `plug or tent for a wound (?),' TBC St. Gloss.: do lingetar a bera (sic leg., ed.) dhe, ib. 4905 . Expld. as hand in B. na f.: beara (.i. lāmha) nach lang (.i. fada), ZCP v 484 § 6 (= ZCP iii 378.13 ). Of dressing for a wound (or a tent ?): do lingeatar a bhera de co raithin cinn bera, Éigse ix 186 n. 14 (24 P 4 p. 211) .

Compds. With nouns: foghluim an bhiorchleasa `dart- feat', RC xxix 126 § 32. barrthagar / birchogad, IT iii 105 § 208 . bir-crand (.i. in berb-crand, 484.18 Comm.) treige n-urcomail, Laws v 482.28 . biorchrainn caola slender arrows, DDána 111.23 . do gaínib ┐ birínib ┐ slegínib ┐ birchruadib `hard points' (Táin 2222), TBC-LL¹ 2544 = LU 6401. bir chúaille (? birch.) `sharp spike', Imr. Brain 65.28 . garbeccur grainemail do birfiaclaib barrglassa `of spiky teeth', CCath. 4027. Trí Bior-ghaoithe an Bháis `Three Shafts of Death' (here perh. in sense of tent for a wound, C. O'Rahilly, Éigse ix 186 ), TSh. p. 1. le racht biorghlóir `in sharp-voiced rage', Ó Bruad. iii 212.14 . sída is sróll . . . / sréin is buabae is birtenga, some kind (or part) of horse's headdress (?), SG 249.21 . ? Leg. bir-theng[th]a cooking-spits (?) Fil Súil nGlais 51 .

With adjj.: in torc . . . cusna fiaclaibh bir-athi, Laws v 444.16 Comm. eich . . . bir-cheanda with pointed heads, Leb. Cert. 212.10 . do bogadaib bircennaip, CCath. 5442. cor bo birḟocus cach fonnud issin charput sin next to a point, TBC-LL¹ 2544. do gháibh bega birghéra, Acall. 1802. do beraib bodba birguirt rinnaithi keen-pointed, CCath. 3154. See berach (b).

bríathar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bríathar or dil.ie/6796

 

Forms: brethar, breithre, briathar, -glicc

n ā, f. GOI § 161. brethar, Laws i 268.14 . b.¤ f., IGT Decl. § 56. In later lang. also o, m.

(a) word; in religious sense Word (of God); utterance, talk, saying(s), speech, discourse ; non-verbal sign (?) Éigse xxiv 41 : o .i. son i mbraighid. p .i. briathar sechtair, Ériu xiii 37.4 . nach tan do furgaib int augtur brethir for a gin sechtair bid briathar for a menmain fris gair do suidev . . . illud verbum . . . illi verbo . . ., Hib. Min. 12.410 , 411 . briathar cen guth .i. briathar in sgribhind, nó in compoid merda `the written word', O'Dav. 285 , Ériu xiii 37.7 . briathor insce apud Eoles (an Aeolic *βρήτρα seems intended, ed.), O'Mulc. 160. be sóir mo brethre `I shall be free as regards my word', Wb. 4c18 . ammi tuailṅge ar mbrethre gl. uerbo (. . . æpistolas), 17b5 . indat mbriathra gl. verba, Ml. 44b9 . do rad inna mbriathar sa gl. haec uerba, 46a19 . imfresnat a ngníme fria mbriathra `their deeds conflict with their words', Wb. 31b30 . deich míli briathar, 12d25 . it immaircidi dunni inna briathrasa, Ml. 22c5 . ni aithirgi ho briathraib nammá cen gním gl. non usque ad uerba, 23a11 . olc hi cridiu ┐ briathra aildi `fair words', 55a11 . ar chomallad do briatharsu, 39a12 . ni sulbir in b.¤ gl. sermo contemptibilis, Wb. 17b4 . taibred for mb.¤ ráth spirito do chách gl. sermo vester, 37c28 . briathra aildi la cechtar de fri alaile gl. sermone, Ml. 31a24 . inna briathra radas, 42c4 . níbat briathra nach aili gl. non explorata loquar, 68c10 . eritiu briathar ho neuch anall gl. reddendique sermonis, 59a15 . frissaní immeraidtis hua briathrib, 61c12 . briathar lám . . . briathar súle . . . briathar glunæ . . . briathar choirp gl. membrorum motus sermo, 138a2 . int ord nobeth fornaib briathraib gl. dictorum hunc habet ordinem, 27d22 . inna briathra grecdi se, Sg. 72a2 . hi mbrethir hi cocell hi ṅgním, Thes. ii 253.11 (Stowe M.). for brethir `in word', Wb. 15d5 . intan tra batar forsna briathraib se `when they were thus talking', Thes. ii 307.15 (Hy. ii Pref.). umaldóit for (fri, v.l.) bréthir ` mouth-humility ', Ériu iii 102 § 27a . trea chumbair ṁbriathar ` compendiously ', Thes. ii 327.5 . briathar foirbthigedar in duine i ndírgi cáingníma `the Word which perfects man', Wb. 4d6 . in bethu dorairngert som issí in briathar insin gl. uerbum suum in praedicatione, 31a9 . indhí pridchite . . . brethir dǽ gl. qui laborant in uerbo et doctrina, 29a12 . briathra dǽ, Ml. 146a1 . oc procept bréthri Dé, PH 2173. as esiomh . . . an bhriathar = the word, RSClára 142a. cundail a b.¤ (rhet.), LU 3401 ( SCC 18 ). grāibre .i. magar .i. briathar grata, O'Mulc. 688 = graibhri .i. briathar ghrata, no onórach, O'Cl. rabert-si na briathra sa she spoke these words, TBC-LL¹ 5730. ilar mbriathar mbláith rot char, LU 3614 ( SCC 30 ). millse briathra ḟir thochmairc, LL 13975 n. a (121a marg. sup.). in tan . . . bói Ísu oc lábra na mbriathar-sa, PH 3076. Secundi / cain i mbriathraib bíae `fair in words of might', Fél. Mar. 22. cona . . . digebad cid a oen ḟocul dia briathraib `not to . . . take away a single word that she said', Mon. Tall. 150.5 . nach duine isin tig arta-ceisi guth ┐ gním ┐ bréithir with . . . word, BDD² 884. brēthir bláith with gentle words, Sc.M² 21 f . dorónus dōibh dūa[i]n mbinn mbairdne, / brēithir glēisi with clear words, ACL iii 296 § 45. ro-slanaig Ísu me d'aen brethir, PH 2789. briathra Brain (of the baying of a hound), Measgra D. 38.15 . bríathra cogaidh, Studies 1920, 416.1 . ná tabhair bréithir mbréige `utter no false word', 1924, 244 § 26 . Brīathra Floinn Ḟīona maic Ossa (title of collection of maxims), Anecd. iii 10.15 . briathra fíra `just judgements', PH 823. briathar fhoirbhthe an ughdair-se this author's excellent saying, DDána 27a2 . ra bréthir a flatha `at . . . the command of their prince', TBC-LL² 4104 .

In phr. attá b.¤ (la, oc) di: intí diarobe briathar linn riam gl. de quo iam dixi, Sg. 197b12 . in Bethfage dia ta briathar i-fus of which mention is made here, PH 4600. ni do Thempul Solman . . . ro-bói briathar oc Ísu, 2725 .

(b) blessing, prayer, good wishes; in bad sense curse: forácaib bréthir fair (a well) `a blessing', Trip. 162.25 . tre brethir ṁBrigte, LL 38303 (` intercession ', SG 408.5 ). briathar .i. búaidh. fágbhaim ort briathar ┐ buaidh ar Colum Cille re Domhnall mhac Aodha, O'Cl. foracaib Pátraic breithir (.i. escaine) foraib, ACL iii 28 § 78. dorat Brigit brethir for Raith C. cona be[d] etc., Thes. ii 335.34 (Hy. v Comm.). fuirimh . . . / briathar doréir righ na rind / ar Ch. lay a curse on C., BNnÉ 314 § 8 .

(c) word, promise, assurance; pledge, vow: darm brethir (sic leg.) tra . . . isatt ailsiu damsa upon my word, LU 3918 ( SCC 43 ). dar ar mbréithir, CRR² 23. do brīathar bad fīr `let thy word be true', Ériu ii 172 § 3. ag so mo briathar ris . . . nach ticfaind . . . ┐ is briathar eile damh . . . nach gébaind, ML² 1439. ni ro-gabsat uada acht a bréthir do comallad friu save only that he should fulfil his promise to them, PH 908. ? dligid bés brēithir, Anecd. iii 15.2 (` `perhaps' merits a promise', RC xlv 71 § 36 ). co tanic mac N. ar breithir asin tig himag under a guarantee of protection, Ann. Conn. 1239.5 . gēmadh í an bhriathar bheag though it were a mere promise, Butler Poems 1243 . Phrases with verbs: dabiur bréthir . . . na fuil etc. `I swear ', TBC-LL² 747 . do-beram ar mbréthir . . . cunad fír, MU² 284. dobeirim fom bréithir a bhfiadhnaisi an Dúilim I swear in the presence of the Creator, Anecd. i 77.16 . tuc dā brēithir pledged his word, ML² 191. da-oṅg-sa mo bréthir, MU² 181. do radh dhá bréithir . . . nach rachad he vowed, Duan. F. i 1.17 . ni thánic dar a bréthir did not break his word, RC xx 12 § 17. tucus mo bréthir ris . . . ┐ ní faris ticfaither, MU² 179.

(d) Legal statement, testimony: is iat na tri fira is luga a enechus: lorg ┐ briathar ┐ suilgnais. A lorg on mír gan urlabra, a briathar on mir co n-urlabra ┐ a sulgnais on ceill maith gan urlabra, Cóic Con. 42 § 63. na hechlacha, cor indligthech, cin breithir, ni berat coibchi muna thisat fri dligi without guarantee, Laws v 272. y Comm. ? fasc tres brethar an is nesam i n-urd, i 268.14 . na tri briathra da fasc na athgabala . . . gur ab edh adbera don tres brethir i n-urd aisnesin: ro gabuis t'athgabhail, 302.23 , 26 Comm. ni fastann acht na tri briathra .i. in lin fear, ┐ in lin ceall, ┐ in la sundradhach (of the testimony of the mac bec or m. enncai), O'Curry 2431.2 ( Eg. 88, 35a-b ). tecmaltar a insce dó hi teora bríathra his statement is assembled by him into three words (of testimony of the fer midboth), Críth G. 40. Attrib. g s.: aithne breithre `a verbal charge ' (one of seven deposits that require to be restored), Laws v 196.3 .

(e) Gramm. verb: briathar . . . uerbum , Auraic. 300. ind infinit in e ón bréthir in o, Sg. 54a16 . amal as ṁbriathar gníma aperio an active verb, 145b4 . fríssin bréthir as sum , Thes. ii 228.36 (PCr.). ara forcmatis in tuisel sainredach inna brethre hua mbiat, Sg. 149a5 . itar in di brethir so, 203a16 . ar in ṁbrethir ṅdiuit, 140a4 . dia techtat briathra in -go gl. si a uerbis sint in `go' desinentibus, 112b3 . on brethir is axarcisto, Laws v 22.10 Comm. in dobriathar .i. do 'g-a rada nach briathar he, 4.11 Comm. on brethir choitchind asberar sufragor gl. [s]uffragare, Gild. Lor. 1.

Compds. With nouns. in Briatharchath ban Ulad War of Words, LU 8039. gur uo briathor-chealga brēgacha ro chan `deceitful . . . words', Fl. Earls 138.28 . ag bríathar-chomrādh re aroile ` conversation ', 46. 23 . drem dub dorcha brisess bruth, / atbelat fri briathar-chruth, MS. Mat. 633.29 ( LB 242b85 ). Bríatharthecosc Con Culaind inso (heading of precepts of C.C. to king of Tara), LU 3465 ( SCC 25 ). With adjj. co Bresal ṁbrec ṁbriatharchaem of the fair words, Rawl. 83a53 . bērus bre[i]th brīathargla[i]n, ZCP viii 199.27 . derdilinne an eoil oirrdirc / firinne a beoil briathoirgilc (-gilc for -glicc ed.) wise of speech , ii 350.11 . a Bricriu báeth briatharguirt ` sour-worded ', RC xiv 424 § 45. sámud būan bríatharísel ` low-voiced ', Ériu ii 63 § 1. a bhille bhriatharmhaill `o letter of tardy words', Ir. Review 1913, 624 § 13 . an bhuidhean bhriatharnar of modest speech, DDána 75.29 . With adj. as subst. don bhriatharthaoi bhinn quiet-spoken one (of a lady), DDána 117.51 .

brúirech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brúirech or dil.ie/7129
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: brúilech, blúirech, spúirech, sprúilech, -ig, -ech, -igh

n (cf. bruar). Also brúilech, blúirech = spúirech, sprúilech (see O'Rahilly, SGS ii 29 ; Wortk. 130 ). a d s. -ig in early exx., later -ech. g s. -igh, Eochairsg. 57.24 . b.¤ a dá gaí ┐ a scíath ` fragments ' (Gloss.), BDD² 1512. dolleici a cend immon cloich co nderna brúrig dia cind, LL 34586 ( LMU 19 ). focerdad bruirigh a fhiacal amach lasin fhuil, Aen. 1119. an bruleach tuitius do bord in Tigherna = micae (Gloss.), Smaointe B. Chr. 2265. on bruilech, 2279 . dá mbeidís bruaireach . . . ar lorg an bhriste (of the consecrated wafer), Eochairsg. 73.20 . ata da cruaide nach fetur a scoltad na a ledrad acht le bruilid adamuis , Celtica ii 72 § 5 .

caince

Cite this: eDIL s.v. caince or dil.ie/7790
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: caínc(h)e, caincinn, -nn

n Also caínc(h)e. If Murphy's emendation of n s. caincinn, K. and H. 26 to caīnciu (Lyrics 8.26) is correct perh. n , f. with oblique cases in -nn. The divergent forms and meanings may indicate several distinct words. O'Rahilly, Measgra D. i suggests borrowing from We. cainc and discusses the forms. For the treatment of -nc(h)- see also Ó Máille, ZCP ix 345 .

(a) strain of music, melody : c.¤ corr / doní tonn trom Tulcha leis, Acall. 861 `a woeful melody', SG ii 122 . ceól nó c.¤ , ITS xxiv 100.25 . laoch na gcon na gcrot na gcaoinceadh (ccaoineadh, ccoíncheadh, MSS), Hackett² xxx 111 . brugh fa ba lia . . . fa chóirighthibh ceólchaire ar chaoince (coinnce, coínnte, chaoincidh, MSS), 233 . dáin a's caoínche chláir Mídhe, Hard. ii 228.y .

(b) some kind of song-bird : caincinn gestlach, K. and H. 18.26 (emended to caīnciu, Murphy Lyrics 8.26 . See above). ceól caoince, Measgra D. 39.23 (caoínce, cainche, MSS). ní chodail in chaoínche bhras, Duan. F. i 84 § 13 . gébhthor dhó . . . / . . . / roinn ṡaora . . . / go ngothaibh cáola cáoin- cheann `shall be chanted . . . noble stanzas . . . with the clear notes of the c.', Ériu ix 168 § 43 . da choinchinn ó Chorraiffe, Duan. F. i 20 § 11 ( dí chaoínce, v.l., iii 20 ). ceól do caoíncheann (sic leg.), ii 372 § 12 and Gloss.

(c) Perh. bough, branch (basic meaning of We. cainc. Cf. Mod.Ir. caincín (large) nose) in: adracht O. ┐ do chuir in caincinn frithroisc for a lorg co nach facad nech a longphurt . . . é, Acall. 2327 (chainchinn, cairchi v.ll.). leigfidhear Caoinche ar do lorg , Duan. F. i 84 § 10 . ? Cf. n. pr. Cass Corach mac Caincinne, Acall. Index.

Meaning doubtful: fogabar . . . in ingen ina cotlad ┐ a gnus amal am ch.¤ , Vita Br. 1 (O'Brien, Ir. Hist. Stud. i 346 suggests reading: amal áin cainche `like the playing of a melody': am, however, may be simply dittography of first syll. of amal; see also Bethu Brigte 36f. )

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