Search Results

Your search returned 66 result(s).

aingním

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aingním or dil.ie/1381

 

n (gním) evil deed: a los uilc ┐ ainghníomh Ádhaimh, TSh. 506 . déanamh síodh tar olc m'ainghníomh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxv 14 . is neimh-fhirindeach in ainghniomh, ITS xxix 222.19 .

amlos

Cite this: eDIL s.v. amlos or dil.ie/3152

 

n (1 los ) decrease: ri doruasat Adam n-án . . . congrad, cen amlós rochlos / hi Pardos . . ., SR 1039 . Ioseph congloir cen a.¤ , 3470 .

anbarr

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anbarr or dil.ie/3395

 

n (barr) excess, superfluity: ní fhuil acht iomarcuidh ┐ anbharr sna neithibh-sin, Desid. 1325 . a los anbhairr ┐ iomarca, TSh. 1722 .

1 ás

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ás or dil.ie/4363

 

Forms: ás, fás, áis, ása

n Orig. n. ? (see Mon. Tall. 156.8 below). ás, fás m. (g s. and n p. áis, ása), IGT Decl. § 38 . Verbs § 123 .

Act of growing; growth, increase: uisse in boill dó ass ón chiunn, Wb. 22a17 . cen hass cen aes cen erchra, SR 8384 . fer rosasad a áes ┐ a á.¤ age and development, LU 4844 (TBC). ná beth ar á.¤ 'na ḟine / acht a bás 'n-a bith-bine `that he should not thrive', Metr. Dinds. iii 18.231 . ruc Nár for á.¤ a ḟine `N. caused his tribe to increase', iv 178.4 . meni rathaiged in ben in cnoc for á.¤ . . ., 184.18 . maic Achir . . . / . . ./ fúaratar bás . . . / ro mill a n-á.¤ i n-oenḟecht, iii 68.z. drem dhíne fá críaidh na cruinne / líne na díaidh uirre ag á.¤ , IGT Decl. ex. 997 . ? eccla croinn áis an áraidh / eccla gábaidh báis brónaigh fear of the quick-set wood of the bier, ACL iii 216.17 (cf. crann fáis `a quick-set tree', P. O'C. ). In sense of produce, fruitfulness (resulting from or liable to growth) (cf. 1 as): ass ningnama doib ann `the growth of the crops was given to them then', Mon. Tall. 156.8 (§ 68) . fobithin is ann forcentai a nas `it was then that (the crops) reached their full growth', 12 (ib.). as ┐ los ┐ geart the growth, the calves and the milk, ZCP xv 240 § 3 ( Laws ii 196.7 ). mad beodile co nas ┐ los ┐ fuillem, Laws ii 376.2 . aithgin a chota gan los gan as gan inorbairt, iv 256.15 Comm. somaine .i. los ┐ as, v 500.20 Comm. dí mnái Loga, roslúi á.¤ / Búi in broga ┐ Nás nár `fruitfulness came to them' (i.e. they became pregnant), Metr. Dinds. iii 48.7 .

See also 2 fás.

báid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. báid or dil.ie/5167

 

Forms: báigh, bádh, bágh, bāide, buide, bagha, bagha

n báigh f., IGT Decl. § 42 (95.14) ; bádh m., § 96 (130.17) ; bágh m., § 38 (87.15) . g s. bāide, Corm. Y 878 (= bóid, Thr. Ir. Gl. 29 s.v. Munnu, buide, Corm. Bodl. 16 ). bagha, AU i 318.11 (an. 824 ). Orig. perh. not distinct from bág, q.v.

(a) affection, fondness, attachment, partiality (obj. of affection expressed by gen., FRI (LA), I, IMM): b.¤ Ulad ann `the affection of the Ulstermen for him', Stud. Hib. iv 74 § 74. rogab aen baid uili lucht na hEtaili im . . ., Aen. 1758. baidh ┐ connirchle, D IV 2, 73va33 . fam dhúthchus déunaidh(-se) báidh, KMMisc. 56 § 2. Cf. DDána 90.6 . baidh ar n-aicmeadh rer-oile, 90.23 . ar gceann báidhei-ne an bhean our chief love (of Mary), Dán Dé ii 29 . tug a cheann (c., MS.; ? leg. i c.) báidhe na mban / dhamh tar ceann mo náire neamh as well as the love of women (?), IGT Decl. ex. 1220. a los báidh (: éagcáir), Content. x 10. báidh re healadhain, Keat. i 92.5 . Note also: do ghabh bágh re Manainn mé, Aithd. D. 23.1 (: grádh).

In phr. is b.¤ la is pleasing to: báidh lem chroidhe an cleas ra-niad, Magauran 4298 . báidh leam bhar dteisd ar thuir Chua, DDána 91.14 . tú urlamh gidh bé len báidh / is é ar dturnamh do thógbháil, 65.1 (to the cross over his son's grave).

ar b.¤ for love: ar Dia, no ar baid ri eclais, Laws v 128.11 Comm. ar baig no ar blait, TBC-LL¹ 2339. ar connailbhe ┐ ar bhaidh brathairsi, Lism. L. 3277. Cf. ML² 1573. ZCP viii 214.11 . ar báig ┐ chondalbdus i forithin P., LL 32275 ( TTr. 1464 ). Cf. abraid ris ar in mbaid mbunaid dul lib, TTebe 4660 .

In phr. breth le b.¤ partial judgement: breith le báidh, Content. iv 2. nach inmheasta go mbéarainn breath le báidh, Keat. i 76.46 . Cf. ní rug . . . breith mbágha `a biased award', TD 10.17 .

As quasi-vn. cách mar sin ag rabháidh ruibh, Magauran 2066 .

Attrib. g s. Benncor bagha , AU i 328.11 . brun-dalta baidhe, MR 112.3 . inntinn mbáidhe `a friendly disposition' (Note), O'R. Poems 1649. ár n-aon-leannán báidhe, Keat. Poems 524 (some of these may belong to baíde, q.v.). Cf. tonn bháidh an bhéine (bhéinne, v.l.) bráthar / báthadh féine Chláir Chrúachan, IGT Decl. ex. 1004.

(b) In some exx. with suggestion of pact, alliance etc.: luid E. i mbáigh I. . . . co comtisadh le do digail a sceoil for D., Dinds. 24. dia [gcomhaille] báidh go bráth, ML 92.16 . a sochraide ┐ a mbáidh Ghall, ALC i 4.6 . lucht baidhe ┐ bith-chadaigh, BNnÉ 251 § 206 . is iad rocengal a mbaidh ┐ a mbraithres re cele, Aisl. Tond. 118.3 . TD 26.17 . Ir. Review 1913, 623 § 6 . na Góidhil atrachtatar (sic leg.) in bar mbáigh, Hugh Roe² 130.2 . aga mbeith buain no báidh le Saxancoibh, AFM vi 2056.4 .

béo

Cite this: eDIL s.v. béo or dil.ie/5671
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: béu, béu, mbi, bii, -bíi, béoa, beó, bh, beó, bíe, beoloiti

adj o, ā. In O. Ir. also béu (note n. pr. Beuchell, Sedulius Scottus, Monumenta Germaniae, Traube). See GOI § 204 , § 206 , § 352 . n s. b.¤ , Wb. 10b27 . béu, 13d6 , Ml. 44c11 . a s. f. mbi, Laws iv 218.17 Comm. n p m. bii. Wb. 3b6 , -bíi, 3b7 . a pl. béoa, Thes. i 4.31 . duine beó, g s. beó, bh, IGT Decl. § 205. bean beó, g s. beó, bíe, § 139 .

(a) (i) as attrib. living, quick (ii) as predic. adj. alive . (i) eclás Dé bíí, Fél.² i 20. ité uiui in dóini bí, Sg. 39a23 . na heoin beoa do gabail to catch the live birds, TBC-LL¹ 1334. Crist gunig gach mbeathaidh mbi (: eabraidhi) `Christ who controls all living life', Ériu xvii 74 § 8 ( Laws iv 218. 17 Comm. ). gē dosanntaig bhetha[id] mbī / nīr tsechain Rí an alltair ē earthly life, ZCP vii 304.2 . i lámhaibh an Dé bheó (= Dei viventis), TSh. 5397. Of fire: do theinid bī, ACL iii 242 § 7. Of spring water: benaid in talum . . . ┐ tanic topar usce bíí ass, PH 1338. lively, spirited (of a combat): troid beó fa comthruime cur, IGT Decl. ex. 529.

(ii) céin bas mb.¤ in fer gl. uiuit, Wb. 10b23 . is cundubart leu indat bii gl. qui . . . se uiuere nesciunt, ZCP vii 482.12 ( Enchir. Aug. 75b ). an beó do thigerna ? BDD² 1519. ro hadnaiced na geill . . . ┐ siad beoa `the hostages . . . were buried alive', RC xxiv 184 § 17. madh beo na daoine, Content. xxv 8 . living, alight (of fire): ní béu cid in teni, Trip. 10.17 . For the phr. béo bocht see 1 bocht.

(b) As subst. o, m. a living being; in spiritual or mythological sense an immortal: oc ascnam tíre tairṅgiri inna mb. `the Land of Promise of the Living', Wb. 11a19 . dodeochad- . . . a tírib beó áit inna bí bás nó peccad, LU 9996. cen sa écnach nach bí `without reviling any living thing', Ériu iii 104 § 40. ar nī fírḟlaith nad nīamat bi (bíí, v.l.) bennachtnaib whom the living do not glorify, ZCP xi 97 § 59. totchurethar bíi bithbi the ever-living ones invite you (i.e. Conle, to come to the other-world Land of the Living), LU 10027. is cumma barrurim biu ┐ marbu dó in like manner he enumerated for him the living and the dead, TBC-LL¹ 4761. amail bid bēo nobeith ann, ACL iii 5.15 . do mess for bíu ┐ marbu `to judge the quick and the dead', Ériu ii 194 § 7. gan beó, gan baistedach / aram (leg. ar) bith [c]āemh cé no living creature, ZCP viii 212.15 . beo gach buainchethra, Metr. Gl. 31 § 60. In spiritual sense: créud íad na beóa ar a ttiobharthar breath ? who are the saved (?) who will be judged ? Parrth. Anma 1561.

(c) In phrases. Used with possess. pron. usually in sing.: ní col dó cid less ar mb.¤ et ar mmarb gl. siue ergo uiuimus etc., Wb. 6b20 . a beō nach óe do breith to bring any of them alive, TBC-I¹ 685. ragaid do beo no do marb you shall go dead or alive, TBC-LL¹ 1224 ( LL 8614 ). beannacht dá mbeó is dá marbh a blessing on them living and dead, Dánta Gr. 3.12 . ní suthain a mbí they do not live long, ZCP vi 261.29 . re na beo fen during his own life, BCC 33.

In phr. i mbíu alive (with gen. or possess. pron.) in the lifetime (of): nī dlegat a ndola i mbiu, Ériu vi 121 § 5. otáam inar[m]bíu / nochotacca cusindíu `since we have been alive', Trip. 140.13 . ar ropo námasom na bíu do Laignib `in his lifetime', RC vi 165.34 ).

(d) the quick of the skin: bheith ag dol i mbeó ar Dhia . . . lé dubháilcibh to cause distress to God, TSh. 2296. tairnge i mbeó (prov.), Hard. ii 408.9 . táirnge a mbeó go raibh ann do bhonn, Éigse vi 6.29 .

See argat.

Compds. With nouns: cenmotha beoalma, Anecd. ii 59.1 . -athair in leg. technical term mac(c) b.¤ -athar son of a living father, hence a son unqualified to make valid contracts: gach mac beoathur nad bi saor a chor, Laws ii 288.7 . trí nata[t] túalaing sainchuir: mac beo-athar, ben aurnadma, dóer flatha, Triads 151 . rucus rāith ar mac ṁbeoathar, ZCP xv 311 § 7. -bethu: mess ┐ beobethu animal fodder, ZCP xii 366.10 ( PRIA xxxvi (1923) 310.5 ). Cf. also ZCP xvi 203 - 204 . ¤búaid: ' sin chrích badba co mbeó-búaid (bladbuaid, v.l.) `of living excellence (?)' (Notes), Metr. Dinds. iii 372.6 . ¤chned: dire beocneidhi `the penalty for a non-mortal injury', BCrólige 39 n. 6 . ¤chride: ni minec bar mearughudh / isin brugh co mbeocraidhi with beating heart, IT iii 89 § 114. As attrib. ar da n-echaib . . . beochridi blenarda, LL 10358. lé clódh beóchroidhe bos `with sorrowful beating of hands' (?), Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 18 § 29. ¤chrod livestock: marggad beochruid bó ┐ (facs.) ech, LL 25108 ( Metr. Dinds. iii 480.1 ). ¤chruth: mic Metusalem do b'fhada bhí a mbeóchruith `in mortal shape', ITS iii 84.24 (1900) . ¤dartaid live calf: [d]ersaid bec beodartaid (beomartaid, v.l.). / mani tugedar (leg. tuigther, note) d'ilbíadaib, Ériu vii 6.12 . ¤dédail (?): Rind ┐ Faebur fegar / cen baegul ria mbeodedail, LL 20341 (untransl. Metr. Dinds. iii 272.6 ). ¤dil (leg. technical term, opposed to marbdil q.v.) animate possessions i.e. livestock: as-renar cona fuillem co ndiablad aithgine, mad marbdile: mad beodile, co n-as ┐ los ┐ fuilled ┐ fuillem, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 38 § 18 ( Laws ii 376.2 ). indile (.i. beo dile), O'D. 989 (H. 3.17, 853). ni tascnai fine, na orbu, na beodil, na marbdil `the live chattels', Laws ii 288.3 . ¤ḟedan: beo-ḟeadain . . . for feraib fedair `live carrying' (away on sick maintenance), BCrólige 58 . ¤gasrad: beóghasraidh `vigorous company', Studies 1920, 417. 18 . ¤idbart living offering: amal rundgab in beuidbart sin gl. uitulus, Ml. 87b9 . ¤mainchine service during life: bar mbéomaicne (mbeomainchine, v.l.) ┐ bur marbmaicne (marbmainchine, v.l.), Acall. 3506. ¤thlus livestock: fear ro ba saidhbhre i nErinn a mb.¤ , AFM iv 1128.18 .

Of fire: (?) ¤bruiden burning hostel: adcíat in daigid nduilig / 'na brainig don beó-bruidin (breó-, v.l.), Metr. Dinds. iv 236.35 . ¤chaindell: fri beocaindle with burning candles i.e. clear testimonies of witnesses ( Bürgschaft 7 § 3 n. 2), ZCP xiii 20.7 . atait secht fiadnaise . . . ite secht mbeocaíndle and ro forosnad gae cach rig seven burning candles i.e. certain disastrous events accepted as evidence of his `falsehood,' Laws iv 52.9 . See BCrólige 58 notes. forath ni acair acht beo-cainneall a flaitheas . . . acht an tí dana taithnemach é amail caindill (sic leg., Stokes, Laws Crit. 8 ) mbi .i. mac flatha, ┐ ua aroile, Laws iv 380.3 . ¤grís living flame: co ro bheathaidhsiot beóghrís a seangomh, AFM vi 2054.2 . an tshacramuint-si . . . do bheith 'na béoghrís gacha subhāilce dhamh `stimulant' (Gloss.), Parrth. Anma 5122. ¤luisne burning flame, brand: ar clann Fheóraisne sa n-eachra / b.¤ i n-am debtha díbh, IGT Decl. ex. 179. ¤theine blazing fire: fúair bás ┐ beó-thenid (breo-, v.l.) `he met death in fatal fire' (viz. the burning of Bruiden Da Choca), Metr. Dinds. iv 236. 16 .

With adjj. derived fr. nouns: ¤bríathrach of living words: bennacht Brenainn beobhriathraigh, Anecd. ii 32 § 3. ¤tharrach, ¤thlusach possessed of live-stock: gnithi manach beothlusach, O'Dav. 1530.

With vnn., life-, (while) living: ¤élud (in Laws, in contr. with mairb-élud) abandoning, evading while living (the obligations of tenancy): fri beo-eludh, ZCP xiv 343 § 5 ( Laws ii 228.16 ). ¤léiciud: (of ensuring discharge of liabilities between co-tenants) sith aili no beolegud nascaither na smacta so iarsin `living deposits i.e. witnesses' (Mann. and Cust. i cxcii n. 347), O'Curry 31 (H. 3.18, 13a). ¤scarad (of the termination of a contract between flaith and tenant in the lifetime of the parties) separation during life: atait secht mbeoscartha do flathib ┐ a n-aiccillnib imis-fuaslaice[t] dligid do coraib, ZCP xiv 383 § 48 ( Laws ii 312.21 ).

As intensive prefix oft. meaning deadly: ¤chobra speech before death, farewell: beochobra Con Culaind isind ló fúair bás, LL 13845.

With second element expressing action causing danger to or deprivation of life. ¤bág: a topur na tonn táide / moambí bocur beó-báige `round which hung a threat of mortal import' (sic leg. Corr.), Metr. Dinds. iii 344.8 . ¤gletin deadly (?) combat: ba balc-gent co mbeó-gletin `mortal in conflict', Metr. Dinds. iv 188.24 . ¤marb slain: co fagbaindse a n-eltae beómarbae isnaib slébib, LU 9321. ¤chorach: flaith Dúine Bárc beó-choraig `of deadly-hurling D.B.', Metr. Dinds. iv 8.32 . ¤gonaid, ¤gonaigid wounds but doesn't kill (?), to the quick: bertatar cloic (sic) cach fir beógaíti leo ass, LU 8003 (BDD). māth bēoguin rogonae nech `a life-wound ', Cáin Ad. 44. R. do dul beoghonta dia thigh `severely wounded', AFM iv 690.3 . créad do bheoghnuigh snódh na gréine ? `what has deformed the features of the sun ?' O'Rah. 146.2. ¤loitte, ¤loittithe severely, fatally wounded: beoloiti, Ann. Conn. 1373.5 . rucad Conn beoloitide forin nGrencha .. . et sepulerunt , 1411.28 . ¤marbad act of slaying, killing: do bhualadh ┐ do bheomharbhadh to knock down and kill (viz. cattle), AFM v 1470.15 . ¤thollad act of piercing to the quick: beara . . . ré beó-tholladh bocht-anam ann, TSh. 6677.

With first element bí- see bícherb, bíchim.

berraid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. berraid or dil.ie/5725

 

Forms: bér[r]tha, berrad

v (berr)

(a) shears, clips; shaves: berrthar . . . no is cumme dí no berrthe gl. tondeatur, Wb. 11c13 . co sebaind a folt de amal bíd co n-altain no berthá, LU 5679 ( TBC-I¹ 1205 ). co roberr māil fair cosin chloduib `cropped his hair', Ériu ii 22.2 . Moen . . . is é cetna fer no berrad i nHerind, LL 22246 ( Bodl. Dinds. 25 ). ro bearrastar mac na baintrebthaigi in ri, RC ii 197.8 . berrthar fuilt na sethrach = the Sisters . . . haue their hayre cut, RSClára 70b . a fhir ghlacas a[n] ghalldacht / bhearras an barr bachalldacht, Ir. Review 1912, 471 § 1 . Transfd. tonn . . . a tondeo .i. ar b.¤ in fēr don murbach, Corm. Y 1243. ro berrad L.L. was laid waste, SG 411.11 . do bhearr d'fhaithchibh fionna a bhféar (of greens made bare by horse-racing), Magauran 3035 . ón ló . . . bhearrfas muir do mhong (the end of the world), DDána 50.22.

(b) tonsures: berrsi Pátricc, Thes. ii 241.14 . ní bertar co tí a ord berti `there is no tonsuring until the regular time of tonsure', Mon. Tall. 137.15 . romberr P. (= ablati sunt capilli capitis illius), Lat. Lives 27 § 22. coro berr berradh manaigh fair, Trip.² 250. berrait a choraind ō a chūl (i.e. like a slave), O'Mulc. 726.

(c) cuts (i.e. deals ?) cards: ní bheárrfad cárta, Hackett xxvi 33 .

Part. mucc bér[r]tha ` shaven ', Trip. 40.10 , dá bhróig shioscaithe ribeanta bhearrtha ` well-trimmed ', O'Rah. 100.5. a los íoca an bhainne bhearrtha skim milk, Ó Bruad. iii 206.3 .

Vn. berrad.

cartad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cartad or dil.ie/8271

 

[u and] o, m. vn. of cartaid act of scouring, clearing out, cleansing; (of persons, animals) expelling: c.¤ a cartosacaros .i. scopae , O'Mulc. 212 . carta[d] .i. dorta[d], ut est carta[d] ecar aircellad .i. dortad ar égin, O'Dav. 419 . can tide (leg. tige) do cartadh ann (i.e. on Sunday), O'D. 1947 ( Add. 4783, 7b ). c.¤ raite, c.¤ aenaig, Laws i 122.14 .i. . . . a ndrisi ┐ a ndraigne do beim dib, 128.7 Comm. is slan a c.¤ a pudrull eistib amach, v 208 n. 9 Comm. gl. a tarrung a los a putrull. for sluasaitt in chartaidh, BNnÉ 325 § 42 . Of persons: ica c.¤ ind ifirn, YBL 121a16 . a c.¤ a purt na Troe, LL 31035 (TTr.). ? itaghar mor duin a c.¤ in morsluaig umaind dogach leth surging(?), BB 414a18 . Of driving out cattle: slan do a c.¤ an conair tangadar, O'Curry 2325 ( Eg. 88, 25b ). imain fo muir .i. . . . in tan is for traig tancatar, is a c.¤ for traig, Laws v 138.17 Comm. atbert a ch.¤ for cúl (of a horse), Metr. Dinds. iv 66.109 .

cathaír

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cathaír or dil.ie/8364

 

n f., g s. ¤e. In later lang. also with k-inflection (Lat. cathedra, GOI 569 ).

(a) chair, seat : fo chathaírib airgdidib, BDD² 1127 . inadh for cathāiri, Cáin Ad. 5 . 'na chatháir . . . dergóir (of Aaron), SR 4516 . rogabsat cathaire gíal / da mac rachaine Rachial, 3003 . os cinn na caithaire, Acall. 792 . cathaire na fairne no-chreccatís . . . na coluime, PH 4393 . an ch.¤ chomnaidi resting-place , MR 234.7 . cathaoíreacha Domhnall Óice, AFM iv 1068.7 . co cathairib ┐ chorónib . . . carrmocail, LU 2052 ( FA 13 ). cona cathairib credhumae fot[h]u `settings' (of precious stones), CCath. 5289 . o cathairibh na cobradh `beds of the bosses' (of shields), 5323 . ? cathair chorr chitus fri culbhard (a metre), IT iii 23.1 . Of royal seat, throne: ? rop cathāer cloth Connacht do chrích (blessing of St Patrick on chieftain), Corp. Gen. 317.y . ina ch.¤ rigdai, LU 2014 ( FA 8 ). 'san gcathaoir i n-a ngairthear rí Sacsan, Keat. i 208.9 . cathaoir an reachta ríogh, O'R. Poems 726 `the seat of kingly rule', Gloss. Of judgment seat: for cathairib in oenaig isin Roimh `rostra', CCath. 5145 . ar an gcathaoir bhreitheamhnais, TSh. 6792 . Of pulpit: in cathair proicepta, RC xvii 358.28 (Tig.).

Further applications: théid do bhuain cathaoireach amach a los a bhfoghluma professorship , Keat. i 72.13 . Of persons seat, source : ar cathāir chanóne (of Colm Cille), ACL iii 218.8 . a cháthaoir na hegna sedes sapientiae, Parrth. Anma 3950 . seacht gcathaoireacha céille (of daughters of humility), DDána 55.15 .

(b) episcopal chair, see, diocese : airdeaspoc chatháoire Patraicc (`throne'), Gorm. Nov. 2 note 6 . Mael M. . . . do dhul a cathair Padraic, RC xviii 152.11 (Tig.). bā hathlæch i cathair n-espuic (prov.), MacCongl. 73.15 . G. C. . . . do oirdneadh i cathair Conmaicne (i.e. in the See of Ardagh), AFM ii 1156.14 . Lā Chatháoire Pheadair Feast of the Chair of Peter, Rial. S.F. 824 .

celebrad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. celebrad or dil.ie/8551

 

u and o, m. Vn. of celebraid. IGT Decl. § 11 (55.19) .

(a) Perh. act of celebrating, making famous, exalting in: ceilebrad ōndī as celebro .i. airdaircigim. C.¤ didiu erdarcugud anma Dé, Corm. Y 284 . búaid A. . . . / dia ch.¤ coméir `to celebrate it', Fél. Aug. 26 . a dhraig as cian cheileabhradh, DDána 102.46 `clú', Gloss.

(b) act of celebrating, holding (a religious ceremony, etc.): inc.¤ gl. celebratio, Ml. 80a4 . du c.¤ sollummun indi gl. ad festa, 133c9 . c.¤ cóir co nainmnit, Ériu ii 64 § 4 . mor do ḟindcheolanaib ceilebartha, Acall. 2610 . sacart, ┐ toiseach ceileabhartha Cluana mic Nóis, AFM ii 764.18 . cothuigh im chlí do cheileabhradh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxvii 4 . ro-chlaiss chelebartha cantaic `singing canticles', Celtica iv 28.366 , cf. da clais segda sechtmogat do clasib . . . coiri celebarta, BB 241b30 .

Acc. to Plummer, V. SS. Hib. i cxv n.14 , when used in native contexts without qualification refers almost exclusively to celebration of canonical hours, only later to Mass. c.¤ iarmergi `the office of nocturns', Mon. Tall. 130.28 . Cf. 129.7 . [c]elebrad trátha, Wb. 25c23 . celebrath cach(a) tratha, Ériu xix 60 § 13 . fri ré ceileabhartha easparta, AFM iii 342.y . c.¤ domnaich `Sunday's office', Mon. Tall. 148.6 . afrenn is c.¤ glē, BColm. 100.13 . fri oiffrenn ┐ c.¤ , Celtica iv 32.458 . ceileabhradh oiffrinn, RSClára 87a . ord ceilibartha `liturgy', Fl. Earls 100.9 . In Laws in list of guarantees for contracts: naidm ┐ raith ┐ aitire ┐ ceilebrath ┐ gell, Bürgschaft 14 § 48 , acc. to Thurn. Hdb. p. 15 ref. to oaths taken on relics or gospel-book. In follg. the office of a religious functions as surety: amal . . . do dicsed a ch.¤ aire (of a `deórad dé'), Laws iv 210.9 . see Bürgschaft 59 . Note further: troscud no ch.¤ , Laws v 388.x . imcim ceileabarta fir lais i [mbi] cuma fir ┐ go, 178.4 .

(c) conversation, talk, discourse : ceileabhradh .i. comhrádh no comhchaint, O'Cl. c.¤ aingel, LU 3096 . mise gach laoi id leanmhain / tusa gan chead gceileabhraidh, Dánta Gr. 39.26 .

(d) Of birds act of singing, warbling: hoc gyrgyrium ceilebradh eoin, Ir. Gl. 746 . c.¤ en, RC viii 350.45 . fírrinn ceoil a gceileabhradh (birds), DDána 82.19 .

(e) act of bidding farewell; leave-taking, departure : co dairled forsin slige do ch.¤ dona maccaib, LU 5074 . ceileabhradh dhuit farewell , DDána 64.31 . ar los mo cheileabhradh (:fhiodhbhadh) leave-takings , Measgra D. 51.30 . ro caoíneadh an ceileabhradh sin an President acc bochtaibh ` departure ', AFM v 1664.20 . tiomnais celeabradh doib, MR 42.4 .

cloisin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cloisin or dil.ie/9584

 

vn. of ro-cluinethar. act of hearing : nirbo lor la hA. a closin na failti do thabairt dosom, Anecd. i 2.y (= a c[h]los -[s]in, SCano 42 ). iar closin doib a sethar do brith ar athed, TTr.² 572 . iar c.¤ ega F., RC xxiv 186.2 (cloisdin, v.l.). ? ni ḟil cirmin gin a ch.¤ .i. ni fil coir in ní gin a c.¤ , O'Curry 1468 ( H 3.18 , 652 ). ? In compd. fri huaim n-ecarat umat ciallathar .i. . . . re techt t'eascarat cucat dott adhbalclosin, O'Curry 378 ( H 3.18, 214 ). Cf. forcluaisin, 379 . See also 1 clos, cluinsin.

corbbad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. corbbad or dil.ie/12436

 

o vn. of corbbaid. act of polluting; corruption, incest : scris ar culu ┐ ar corbaid `pollutions', Ir. Lit. 48.w . is corbad don chach dosbeir tara cend (of water), Rule of Tallaght 76 § 47 . hicorbad .i. hic fóibadud chuirp Crist, LB 240a2 . a chol ┐ a chorpud, 143b5 . ingen . . . cen ch.¤ ro rathaig rath, LL 17230 . bid corbbud don tṡíd `would be polluted', Dinds. 158 . ar los corbaidh mhna Cuind `because of the depravity', Ériu iii 154.29 . trí cinaid do circ .i. foxal, ┐ dortad, ┐ corbad `wasting', Laws iv 116.5 Comm. ba hinglaine ┐ corpad a bhidh, Lism. L. 1228 . corbad .i. truailled no salchad, O'Dav. 356 . do rinne corbadh do dhruim mheisce ré n-a mháthair féin, Keat. ii 3340 . bean . . . dorinne corbadh re bráthair dí féin, Eochairsg. 80.17 . Attrib. gen.: gein cuil ┐ corbaidh `a child of . . . sin and corruption', Moling 27 . lucht corbaid, BB 251a23 .

1 crod

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 crod or dil.ie/13056
Last Revised: 2019

 

n o, m.

(a) cattle, herds, stock : loilghidh, crodh bainne, Eg. Gl. 420 . ni a los a cothas .i. a cruidh, O'Curry 2214 ( Eg. 88, 15ba ). do breith táircthe cruid o A., LU 1639 . na ba sin nir cradh cealga / siad coimfinda cluasderga, Celtica ii 158 § 12 . a n-eti ┐ a crodha (a p.) `flocks and herds', AU i 376.2 . lacht in chruidh, Ériu iv 224.3 . le feighlibh caillgheala ar ccrodh, IGT Decl. ex. 813 . in briughadh leithech .i. da cet do cach crudh aici, cinmotha coin ┐ cata, Laws i 46.24 Comm. da mbera galur a crodh feín uile `if disease has carried off all her young', iii 368.12 Comm. ag tinol cruidh ┐ cethri, IT iii 198 § 53 . bur cruidh ┐ bur cethra `your herds', Stair Erc. 1946 . a chródh ┐ a spré, Trompa na bhF. 8134 . do chrudh ┐ do chreachaibh na criche of the cattle and plunder', Hugh Roe² 62.22 . tréad féinneadh gan cruas um chradh `lavish of herds', Keat. ii 1525 (verse). Of people (?): Ísa Críst, Coimsid cach chruid 'Jesus Christ, Master of every herd', ITS Sub. xxvi 86 § 22​​ .

(b) In wider sense goods, property, wealth: crodh a thighe, Ériu xiii 24.8 . mathi na cruid beri latt / aél is chore comnart, LL 38361 . tessargain cruid in goband `to save the chattels of the smith', Ériu iv 110.1 . cona crodaib ┐ cona cundarthaib, PH 4495 . ar ch.¤ ┐ ar indmas = ad pecuniam, 4634 .

(c) Of payments of various kinds: ní tabhar c.¤ la hingin i críchaib na Tartraidech na laeich nos-ber crodh dia maithrechu dowry , Marco P. 45 . ní bhfuil an Rígh ag íarruigh crodh ar bith = any dowry, 1 Sam. xviii 25 . S. . . . dorat ch.¤ do chetamsaib, LL 14934 ` stipend ', MacCarthy 173 § 3 . is ē toīsech do-rat c.¤ tuarastail do amsaig i nhĒrinn, Corp. Gen. 117.23 . nochar ēr filid fa crad, Mór M. 268.19 . cradh a dhúaine nír dhochta, IGT Decl. ex. 846 `the reward for his poem was not trifling', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 149.35 . gen crodh gen chíss orra, ALC i 344.13 .

Compds. atcota crodlesc leghadh, Anecd. iii 12.10 . cluithchi Cúailngi fri crod mbarc, PRIA liv C 20 § 5 n. 1 , leg. crodmarc? (cf. crodhmharc, BB 267a40 ). asar crodtigib (: loitidib) store-houses , ACL iii 234 § 10 ( Aithd. D. 61 ). With adj. croidh-líonmhar coigcríochach cíosach, Keat. Poems 796 .

danar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. danar or dil.ie/14595
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: danair, danair, danar, danaraib, danaru, danara, danair, danḟer,, danḟir, dainḟir, danair, danar, Danair, danar, danair, danar, danaraib, danaraib, danair, danar, danair

n o,m. g s. danair. n p. danair. g p. danar (danair LL 192 a 23 (:samain); Cog. 152. 1 ; Acall. 5655 ). d p. danaraib. a p. danaru ( LL 183 a 26 ; TFrag. 132. 20 ), danara; danair ( TFrag. 132. 15 ). Often wrongly associated with fer and written danḟer, pl. danḟir, dainḟir (e.g. TFrag. 158. 6 ; Keat. iii 2455 , 2932 ; Coneys). The pl. danair renders Norse danir `Danes'; the sg. danar is modelled on the o-stems.

I A Dane, a man from Denmark, a dubgall or `dark foreigner' as opposed to a findgall or lochlannach `a Norwegian'; also dub-danar under the influence of dub-gall and dub-geinnti; but find-danar does not occur. The pl. Danair is never used for `Denmark ' (cf. Danmairg). Other synon. danmarcach (anmarcach), daunites (aunites). —In the Annals of Ulster, which offer only three instances, danar appears for the first time under the year 985; then it appears once in the SR and in various early Mid.-Ir. texts from the LL and YBL. In all probability the name became fixed about the middle of the 10th century; it is later than the synonymous dubgall and dubgeinnti (first occurrence AU A.D. 850 ).— na danair do thuidecht i nairer Dáil Riatai...I Coluim Cille do arcain do danaraibh, AU A.D. 985 . AFM ii 718. 14 , 17 . lasna danaraib, AFM ii 718. 6 . ár mór forsna danaraib rooirg I, AU A.D.986 . AFM ii 720.3 . Danair = Daunites: dream díbh asedh adberdís conid lochlannaig dá ffurtacht sam dream oile conid daunites .i. danair, TFrag. 116. 5 . isin aimsir si tangattur aunites .i. na dainḟir, ib. 158. 6 . Danair = Dublochlannaig: do ghabháil bharántais Dainḟear nó Dubhlochlonnach, Keat. 2932 . Danair opp. Lochlannaig, Normainnig: lochlanduigh danair normainigh ┐ frangcaigh, MacFirb. 423 k . r oforuaislig long na ndanar long na lochlannach ┐ marbaid na danair lucht loinge na lochlannach. lengait a naoinḟeacht uile na danair i ccenn na lochlannach...tugsat na danair longa na lochlannach leo go port. ragabsat tra na danair arsain mná...na lochlannach, TFrag. 116. 13 . rathionolsat dá thoísech loingsi na lochlonn slóigh móra a naighidh na ndanar, ib. 118. 1 f.b. eidir danaru ┐ lochlannaigh, ib. 120. 5 . etir dhanaru ┐ ghaoidealu, ib. 132. 20 . táinig Zain leithrí na lochlann dingrim na ndanar, ib. 122. 5 . tiaghaid na danair for longphort na lochlann, ib. 122. 15 . tainic Cerbhall reiṁe dionnsoighidh na lochlann go slógh mór danar ┐ gaoidheal, ib. 132. 1 . echtarchinedaigh....i. lochlannaigh ┐ danair do inredh na hErenn, ib. 226. 7 . is risna danaraibh doronsad na gaoidhil sin uair ba lug[ha] ba caraid dóibh iad ionáid na lochlonnaigh, ib. 234. 14 . as cian na rosaighsiod danair ná lochlannaigh orra, ib. 230. 13 . dergár na ndanar ┐ na lochlannach, ib. 232. 11 . Further examples from TFrag. : n pl. danair, 116. 11 , 16 ; 120. 1 , 6 ; 122. 12 , 27 ; 124. 8 , 10 ; 130. 10 , 20 ; 132. 10 ; 172. 10 . g pl. danar, 118. 1 ; 122. 7 , 27 ; 228. 6 , 12 ; 230. 20 . d pl. dona danaraib , 122. 8 , 22 ; 130. 23 . forsna danaraib , 120. 6 . risna d., 122. 14 ; 234. 8 . umna d., 124. 7 . a pl. danair 132. 15 . dochraiti mór fa feraibh hÉrenn ó lochlannchaib ┐ ó danaraibh dulgib dúrchridechaib, LL 309 a 3 (cf. Cog. 2. 3 ). mór dimned raḟulṅgetar fir hErenn ó lochlanchaib ┐ o danaraib, ib. 309 a 11 ( Cog. 222. 5 ). míle láoch do dhubhdhanaroibh dána a thousand bold black Danes ALC i 4. 17 . conadh .vi. catha coṁmóra coiṁlíon na ndanar (sic leg.), ib. 6. 4 . loṅgas...hic saigid for cach gním ṅgarg | danair a tírib Danmarg, SR 2380 . Brian...ba galar garg ort la droṅg ṅdanar ṅDanmarg, LL 133 a 1 f.b. dofaeth Brian mac Ceindeittigh...a bas hi ccath na ndanar, Anecd. ii 21. 1 f.b. da bliadain damsa iarsin i rigi for danaraib in kingship over Danes (or vikings) RC xxiv 414. 1 f.b. (YBL; the anachronism is noteworthy). cath for danaru i nDaire Chalggaig Danes or foreigners LL 183 a 26 (list of battles). biaid orra nert danar ind the power of the Danes (or the vikings) shall be over them for it Fen. 220. 21 . is iad aicme táinig ann an tráth soin .i. dainḟir ón Dánia .i. Denmarke , Keat. iii 2455 . —Ambiguous: co dún danair Dublinde, Acall. 5655 . danair Puirt Lairge, Ériu i 78 § 2 .

II A viking in general; syn. 1 Gall. rotincell senCiaran in scél cétna .i. danair fo thrí do gabáil Érenn, Cog. 10. 19 . ragell dÉrinn co fa thrí dáma danar dubloṅgsi, LL 309 b 8 ( Cog. 225 a 4 f.b. ). isin phurt ua dóigh dḟaghail a longaibh do danaruibh (says Enna to Conall Gulban; the anachronism is to be noted) by the vikings (or Danes) Fen. 404. 2 . táisig loingsi ┐ inarbthaig ┐ danair iarthair Eorpa uli in dias sin (sc. Brodor and Amlaib, sons of the king of Norway) the chiefs of the vikings of all the west of Europe Cog. 52. 1 = goill iarthair Eorpa, AFM ii 772. 9 (dealing with the same event). drong na ndanar do scaipeadh thar sáile (of Brian Boruṁa) ITS iii 164 l. 64 .

III A stranger within a territory, a foreigner in general; sometimes Synon. with deórad. duine eisidhe (sc. Owny O'More).... dobhen urlaṁas a atharda a los a láṁa a dornaibh danar ┐ deóradh, AFM vi 2178. 19(A.D. 1600) . an fer rob ḟerr oinech ┐ bá mó cendairrc ┐ cointinn re galloib ┐ re danaraibh ima duthaid with the English and all foreigners ALC i 489. 26 . ní tháinic ó Brian Boruṁa anuas fer is mó dodhíthaig do danuraibh anás, AU ii 554. 6 (A.D. 1375 ; of Donnchadh Caemanach Mac Murchadha). corp in danair nar bu diu. maraid fon charn adcísiu (of Noah's son Bith who died at Sliab Betha soon after his arrival in Ireland, cf. RC xvi 154 sq. ) BB 397 b 37 ; ib. 1 . 26 , he is called deorad: atchiu lecht deorad du céin. Here also LL 137 b 27 : Lifi ben Deltbunni...mac side Druchta in danair, cf. Dinds. 12 .

IV Often, like gall, applied to Englishmen : ticfa graifnech Cruachna díth danar co dédla the bold destroyer of the English Fen. 280. 14 (probably referring to Turlough, son of Aedh O'Connor, who died A.D. 1244). dícerthar na danair the Englishmen will be expelled, ib. 282. 23 . díth ar danaraib, ib. 374. 17 . gur thuit Brían Binne hAbhaidh a gcath Dhúin re danaruibh so that B. fell by the English Miscell. Celt. Soc. 156 l. 126 (of Brian O'Néill, †1260; cf. Ann. of Clonmacnoise A.D. 1260: Hugh O'Connor went to assist Brian against the English). attcuas immorro do dhanaraibh Duibhlinne adhbhchlos ┐ erdhercas an ṁic sin, Hugh Roe 2. 3 f.b.

V In depreciatory sense a cruel and ferocious foreigner or barbarian, a robber, pirate, bandit ; often connected with allmarach, díbergach, indarbthach; synon. 2 anmargach. It is probable but not certain that this sense arose on Irish ground, although a similar development of meaning has taken place also in Old Norse Brjótr berg-dana `the oppressor of the giants' (the rísir) occurs in the Snorris Edda (i 882. 2 ; Hýmiskviða 17) as an epitheton of Thórr, and Snorris Edda i 298. 2 , flóðrifs Danir applies to the rísir. fer díthláithrigh danar ┐ díbhergach ┐ innarptha allmurach ┐ echtair-chineoil a hÉrinn the extirpator of bandits and marauders ALC i 582. 20(A.D. 1316). torchair .xc. danar dibergach sacsanach ┐ lochlannach aroen friu, Cog. 206. 13 . fiche cét danar dian dolig dibercach durcraideach do anmargachaib, ib. 152. 4 . ní baí danar no díbergach don fichit cét sin can lúrig, ib. 152. 7 . Here perhaps Metr. Dinds. ii 46. 16 : Dairbre mac Ligmuine irlaime im debaid danair readiest in savage conflict (Gwynn).

MOD. danar, g s. and n pl. danair, a Dane, any stranger or cruel foreigner P. O'C.

díblide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díblide or dil.ie/16040
Last Revised: 2013

 

adj io,iā (díbell) worn out, decrepit; wretched: usque in senectam (gl. aetatem) et senium (gl. tempus) .i. diblide, Ériu xliv 100 . senoir diblidhe, Laws iii 354 . is fo diblidhi airmither na mic so, O'Curry 2232 ( Eg. 88, 16 (17)d ). is senóir diblidi dolámaigh thusa, a Fhinn, Fianaig. 80.33 . senoir crithach críndiblidi, Cog. 186 . Hence wretched, miserable: a innarbtoir dibligi derōil, ZCP vi 282.11 . fuair enduine diblidi derōil sa halla ┐ ilimud iarainn fair, 102.29 . fuicfid íad go díblidhe, BNnÉ 148.27 . arracht duine truaigh diblighi, Aen. 147 . is é an dochar díblidhe (sic) . . . theagmhas do'n duine a los an bháis, TSh. 4025 .

díl

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díl or dil.ie/16367
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: díol, d.

[u, m.]. vn. of 1 do-lá. díol m., IGT Decl. § 95 .

I Legal act of discharging, taking the place of (?): mana-hatmaiter fri ní itir is a dá comgrád do dil de ┐ neach diambidh logh enech in cunnra, da dil don feichemuin; no cethri comgrádh da dil dibh a ndis (i.e. if a surety is not acknowledged he must be discharged or replaced by two persons of his own standing and one person whose `lóg enech' is equal to the contract; or alternatively these two must be replaced by four of their standing), Bürgschaft 44 . na fiadhain dligthecha . . . acht mana bet a da comgrad do díol díbh, O'D. 671 ( H 3.17 491b ). sena iar naititin . . . is a da comgrad do dil de nar aititniged dó two persons of his own standing are required to discharge him from the amount for which he was acknowledged as surety (?), O'Curry 316 - 17 ( H 3.18 174b ). gialla gabhala dia dil dia mbe tuarasndal bansgal (i.e. as female testimony is not sufficient in itself a `giall gabála' is required in addition), Cáin Ad. § 53 (see Bürgschaft 44 n. 3 ). Hence: do liud fiadnaise . . . .i. do dil a fiadnaise, Laws i 138.22 Comm. Cf. díol .i. diultadh (B. na f.), ZCP v 485 . In phr. díl ┐ séna: feich cin dil cin tsena fully acknowledged (substantiated) debts (?), Laws v 310.13 . muna be for diul ┐ sena, i 276.29 . iii 326.12 . ? Cf. is and fogéba do mnaí | cen d.¤ séna fo ṡóergnaí, Metr. Dinds. iii 354.78 .

II General senses.

(a) requital, recompense, retribution; atonement, reparation: in tan ata dil in cinaigh isin rob fein `when the beast itself is value sufficient to pay for the damage', Laws iv 88.12 Comm. nochan fuil dil in cinaid aga do setaib, i 110.18 Comm. ca dil raghus ar in duine ina chinta? a marbhadh ina cinta comraite, O'D. 550 ( H 3.17 col. 437 ). cen d.¤ (.i. cen biathad) daimi rissi, RC xx 158 § 8(ACC) .i. cen dil oegidechta in scelaige, ib. dom-bér i nd.¤ do mac ind ríg romarbus `I will give myself in forfeit', xiii 462 § 67 . a ndíol a ndearrna mise d'ulc . . . marbh-sa me, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 40.x . carnn in chotaig sin la cách | cen nach ṅd.¤ cocaid co bráth | eter chlainn laind Labain lóir | ┐ clanna I. retaliation (?), SR 3042 . go bráth bud é mo díol de | techt tar sgél in chloideimse requital , SG 252.27 . a banscál, bid maith do d.¤ | fogeba nem cen anfīr, YBL 314b16 . triasin apstal doberair in d.¤-sa foirn, PH 2161 . cenmothat a oeigid ┐ cech oen dia mbói dil uad amach to whom he was under an obligation (?), LB 130b47 . seacht bpeacaidh dhleaghmuid do dhíol `we must atone for', Dán Dé xxxi 33 . leanum Crist co carthanach, | denum dil dar ndroch-ceirdibh, Lib. Flav. i 33ra9 . ní díol liom a los m' ḟola | ingreim fer mo chognoma I deem it not a fitting recompense, O'Gr. Cat. 463.7 . i ndíol mo sgeóil, TD 25.23 . ní ṡirfid fós díol 'na ndearna | síol bhF. ar an bhfaghuilsin, 16.31 . go dtiobhradh díol ar gach dán `a reward ', 8.22 . na fuighbittís díol fiach ina ffaltanas badh ferr a better satisfaction of their grudges, AFM vi 2080.8 . dream ar nach díol a ndearmad a fitting requital, Content. xxix 22 . saidhbhreas . . . an tsaoghail do dháil dó i ndíol Rachel .i. ghlóire nimhe, TSh. 9964 . ós é an bás is díol ┐ is tuilleamh i n-íoc an pheacaidh, 1539 . rainn díola dom dhán do Dhia verses offered in requital (?), A. Ó Dálaigh v 1 . i ndíol a ndearna mise do dhochar do Ch., Keat. ii 3201 . i ndíol a ṡáruighthe, iii 1403 . do bheir Día rath beg saoghalta . . . dona drochdhaoinibh a ndiol na maithesa bige do righneadair, Luc. Fid. 37.13 . ionnas go ttugadh [Críost] diol cert do Dhia san aindligheadh tugadar ar sinnser . . . dho, Luc. Fid. 44.6 .

(b) satisfaction, sufficiency; act of satisfying (a debt), paying; act of entertaining (poets, mendicants, etc.): cách aca nd.¤ riam a mbrugh | idir hécis is ollumh, Anecd. i 29 § 32 (v.l.). oc dīl occorso do chēli Dē, Ériu i 46.2 . mos-luadat . . . do d.¤ a n-itad co Boinn, Dinds. 16 . gan d.¤ a ṡainti, MR 250.18 . ag diol a bhfiach `paying their dues', KMMisc. 50 . coire . . . | 'na mbeith diol seacht gcéad d'fulacht, Duan. F. i 62 § 20 . smuaintighid nach bidh a ndiol aimsiri acu, 3 C 19, 70vb21 . nach roib agamsa don duine d.¤ fíach re tabairt tar cenn a anma, 3 B 22, 33b15 . legar fiuchadh doibh . . . no gomad diol bherbhthi in ptisan `sufficiently boiled', 3 C 19, 139a30 . do bhéaruinn duid do dhíol saidhbhris, A. Ó Dálaigh xlix 12 . ag caithem a ndila dona toirtibh, BCC § 355d . tareis na mboct do dil `after the poor had been satisfied', § 78 . cidh sámh leis an sódh . . . is doiligh leis bheith agá dhíol paying for it, TSh. 3606 . ní raibhi acht begán fiach orra féin ré ná ndíol, Mac Aingil 447.10 . teach do dhenom . . . do N. . . . do díol dámh Éreann `for the entertainment of the learned men', AFM iv 706.y . an breithemhnas aithridhe . . . do ghabháil chuige go toltanach ┐ a rún do beith aige a dhíol an tan fhedfas to fulfil, Ó Héodhusa 212.2 . a d.¤ coimhéta, ZCP vi 296.17 .

(c) treatment, handling: ge fūarais ūaind | onōir dalta . . . rab olc | ar ndīl ort arnat oilemain, ACL iii 235 § 30 . ag fechain an díla do-bera se ar an féin gach lai, CF 429 . gár bheag croidhe an Ríogh do roinn | 's gach díol oile [dar] fhuloing, Dán Dé xx 26 . an díol do-bheirid na crumha ar an gcolainn, TSh. 3884 . as bocht mo dhiol agad, Luc. Fid. 288.1 . Note also: a cor ar d.¤ maith `put to a good use' (of riches), PH 7751 .

(d) equal; complement; fitting object, warrant, guarantee; what is fitting or worthy (folld. by gen. or DO, rarely I N-): connach fail . . . dó dúal na do d.¤ ri gail na ra gaisced there is none to equal thee, TBC-LL¹ 3792 . ní mó ná díol mo ghaisgidh-se im' aonar atá ionntaibh they are not more than my single-handed valour can cope with, CRR 72.6 . gan a dhiol d'fhilidh induind a poet worthy of him, ZCP ii 351.z . co dtuc leis iat (sc. logs of timber) fóna ndíol taobán `with their complement of rafters', SG 292.25 . caogaid laoch . . . cona ndíol do mhnáib, 268.10 . ben díola degduine `fit for a gentleman', 142.4 (attrib. gs.). díol fuatha flaithes Eirenn `a mark for hatred', 469.13 . dil cach fedna 'na fearaib `his men worthy of any host', Hy Fiach. 212.1 . diol a bainne do soithidhibh vessels enough for her milk, BNnÉ 10 n. 16 . fil bur ndiol do ab sunn `a fitting abbot', 7 § 21 . tri ced bó . . . cona ndioll capall `with a proportionate number of horses', ALC ii 366.3 . a chuirp . . . | tú fa ríor nochar mhúin meise | dúinn gion gur díol treise thú though thou wert no guarantee of strength to me (?) Dán Dé xix 9 . na mná dhíobh ba díol tola | ní hiad anosa is annsa, Dánta Gr. 6 § 3 . díol san cheathrarsoin `the match of those four', TD 32.6 . ní díol síothchána síol gConaill no warrant for pacification, 16.4 . gé tharla a díol uirre d'uaislibh (sc. uille an ríogh) `its due of nobles', 11.26 . lór le fear má fuair do bhriathar, | beag 'na dheaghaidh do dhíol port `what place thou choose (?)', 29.18 (whatever you may say?). as sinn ios mó dho dhíol trúaighe dona huile dháoinibh, 1 Corinth. xv 19 . is maith an díol smachtuighthe é a proper subject for correction, TSh. 3478 . fá Dhia do dhéanamh a dhíola féin dá chréatúir `what pleases Him' (Gloss.), 8595 . ní feas do neoch an díol grádha nó fuatha é féin, 1155 (nemo scit an odio an amore dignus sit). a dhíol d'oidhre `an heir worthy of him', AFM v 1568.y . ni diol fochmhuide Dia, Luc. Fid. 278 . geall díola do chléir a warrant for rewarding poets, Ó Bruad. ii 128.21 . ris aní se . . . do chríochnughadh mar is díol as is fitting, TSh. 32 (for dual?).

(e) lot, fate: luadfet ed rígi cach ríg—is d.¤ firi na fer fíal the true fate, LL 32a48 . truag in garg-dīl rognīd and | for ingin ardríg hErend (of a princess burnt to death), LL 192b28 . on lo ro tilgedh ar in muir iad ni fes a ndil o thoin alle, KMMisc. 318.27 . Murchertach . . . | re ceithri mbliadhan fichet; | a cleitech cāidh, a dīl de (sic leg.) | ro bāidh fín, ro loisc tene, MacCarthy 410.y . do chuadar a ndrochdilaibh, 410.2 . olc d.¤ i torchair mac Duind, Metr. Dinds. iii 150.9 . ferr do d.¤ innáit sin uile .i. missi do tharrachtain duit, Acall. 4597 . nír ḟeadadar a dhiol na a dhiach, Hy Fiach. 38.16 . gan chodladh . . . | gan chobhair . . . | as doraidh mo dhíol, BS § 19 . dil in Aeda sin . . . indesat duib, Fen. 72.3 . ? biaidh tú it aoinmhnaoi agamsa. —Ní hagam féin atá mo dhíol, ar ise, acht agam oide, Keat. ii 4727 .

(f) end, destruction: d.¤ a uerbo deleo ┐ deleo mortifico , O'Mulc. 345 . díol .i. críoch, O'Cl. dia mbera breith fír for sein | ni bia d.¤ for th'airmitein, SR 3320 = erchra, LB 116a2 . bithaittreb péne . . . cen nach ṅd.¤ etir (of Hell), LL 281a19 (= crich, LU 1405 ). truag in garg-dil rogníd and | for ingin ard-rig hErend 'woe for the violent fate that was then contrived for the High King of Erin's daughter' Metr. Dinds. iv 328.39 , Peritia xvi 228 .

See díla.

dḯuit

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dḯuit or dil.ie/16964

 

adj i (dí + ét, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 219 , dí + fot, GOI § 105 )

(a) simple, single-minded, sincere: ni sulbir in bríathar .i. ní dron act is diuit et is glé, Wb. 17b4 . diuti dúthrachtig do chomalnad soscéli gl. sinceres, 23b4 . ba diuit (.i. glan) fri Dia in naem-og sin, ZCP xii 293.21 . ba diuid dílocht o menmuin, vii 311 . gach cendais, gach ciúin, gach diūid, Ériu vi 236 . dús im bad diuit ┐ im bad maith a thaírus straightforward , Imr. Brain i 52 ( LU 11008 ). tabrait dait a coibsena | co diūit ┐ co lēir let them make full and sincere confession, ACL iii 318 , cf. LB 261a66 . As subst. sincerity, truth: ara n-indissed di diuit a imtech[ta], LU 11033 (diúiti, diuidi, v.ll.) ( Imr. Brain i 56 ). Of animals: don dá dhamh díana, díuide | doní doimh ciuine cennsa undomesticated , BNnÉ 213 § 79 .

(b) single, simple, uncompounded; often opposed to comsuidigthe compound: inna brēthre diuite of the simple verb, Sg. 168a3 . in diúit no in comsuidigthe in focul is eitged? Laws iii 94 . coll ar coll ndiuit single c (opposed to q = cu), Auraic. 2895 . gort ar gort ndiuit single g, 2898 . diles do a seacht diuidib it is proper to its seven simples (i.e. units, constituent parts?), 747 . crābud in buirb co n-indmus | los diuit, nit-goire a gris a flame and nothing more, its glow warms thee not, ZCP vii 311 . sugh na smér do tabairt co diuid nō maille biadh by itself or with food, 23 Q 5, 48.31 . ni bhfhuil acht trí gnéthe ar na fiabrusaibh aonda diuide, 3 C 19, 241 vb 1 . nach eslainte diuid . . . acht eslainte comhsuighi[g]thi, 129 va 25 . leiges diuid . . . leiges comsuigigthe, 23 P 10, 136a75 . leiges diuid .i. an leiges nach bi contraracht cumusci rena fholad (= simplex medecina), 23 F 19, 27 va 29 .

(c) simple-minded, silly: bale i mbai in Dagda, nar diúit who was no fool, Ériu vii 220 , 228 . hí Tressaig nocha dāl diúit `not a backward race', ii 50 . a druith na halla . . . a brecanaigh diúit!, IT iii 98 . is diud ┐ as amglicc do duine amhurus do beith aigi ar na briathraibh adubairt Crist, Lib. Flav. ii 40 rb 5 . a daeine diuidi borba is mall-croidi docum creidim, 3 B 22, 80 b10 . ag rādh neithi ndiuid leanbuidhi, 3 C 19, 78 vb 10 . aislingthe eglacha . . . diúide, 3 C 22, 206b31 . timid, hesitating (?): ba diuit meta a comarli, Cog. 170 ( foolish ?).

2 drúth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 drúth or dil.ie/18911

 

Forms: drúith, drúith

n o, m. Subst. use of 1 drúth. Later also drúith; in oblique cases somet. confused with druí.

I

(a) professional jester or buffoon: d.¤, fidchellach, fuirseóir (in the household of Tara), Metr. Dinds. i 26.165 . rom altsa . . . eter erredaib ┐ ánrathaib, eter drúthaib ┐ drudib, LU 10281 , cf. ZCP iii 235 . do druith, do oblaire, Laws i 156.31 . .x. ndruith .x. ndeogbaire, TBC-I¹ 1372 . druith ┐ deogbairi . . . ic dáil dóib, Ériu iv 124.23 . na cornairi ┐ na druith, IT ii 180.2 . Find ua Baiscni, is dó ropad druth Lomna Midlag, Corm. Y 1018 . Darera .i. druith Meic Con, Lec. 361b50 . Húa M. . . . rigdruth Erenn, RC xxiv 50 § 7 . amal druth ic furséoracht (of David dancing before the Ark), SR 6684 . tri druíth remib co mindaib argdidib, TBFr. 38 . géim drúith `a jester's shout', RC xxiv 54 § 16 . The d.¤ somet. exercised the functions of a satirist: fáitte Medb na drúith ┐ na glámma ar cend Fhir Diad, TBC-LL¹ 3017 . a tri druid (drude, LU; leg. drúith?) dénma glám ngér, ZCP iii 262.30 . na secht ndruith dia rinnad ┐ dia ndressad, Lec. 34b40 . mac an drúith al-los ghlamh ngéar, 3 C 13, 923.18 . There was an inferior class of drúith who were vagrants , often spoken of with disapproval in relig. lit.: donaib druthaib = cléir aesa ceirdd = praecones, Trip.² 2382 ff . drúith ┐ gobaind ┐ cáinti (forbidden to travel on Sundays), Ériu ii 208 § 31 . na druithi ┐ na cainti ┐ na crosanaigh (among the damned), RC xxviii 318 § 30 ; ZCP viii 208.5 .

(b) In later lit. somet. poet, learned man (prob. through confusion with druí): Murchadh Hua C. primdruith ┐ primollom Condacht, RC xvii 406.29 (Tig.) = AFM 1067 (file, v.l., see note K). an dall Ua C. ríghdruth Ereann `royal poet', AFM 1166 . druth Aedha cecinit, 866 .

II In Laws imbecile, person not responsible for his actions: druith dochuinn dasachtaig (classed among `fuidhir' tenants), Laws iii 10.18 ; cf. Comm. 12.1 , where the d.¤ is said to be `co rath' (i.e. able to be of some use?), oppd. to: dochuinn .i. mir cen rath no mic beca. Distinguished from gaeth (a normal sane person) and fer lethcuind (a half-witted person), iii 156.18 f. fer turgaire druith is é asren a cinaid the man who incites an imbecile pays for his guilt, iii 156.4 . cor druith no mire (invalid contracts), i 52.1 . ni gabter athgabail druith na dasachtaidh, ii 44.27 . druth .i. oinmit . . . cen fiach fair ina chintaib, Corm. Y 472 . orba drúith the inheritance of an imbecile, Triads 205 . ní cria di ṡecht mbáethaib file la Féne .i. . . . di drúth, di dásachtach, Tec. Corm. § 19 . Equated with amatán fool , O'Dav. 518 . d.¤ .i. oinmhid, O'Cl. As ā, f. of a female imbecile: lanamnus genaige, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 16 .i. donither tre gean og mear no dasachtach fri druith no dasachtaid, Laws ii 356.28 Comm. = fri dru[i]th no dasachtaig, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 74 .

Hence Corm. Y 875 , druith gach mer, cf. Ériu ix 47.20 .

Compds.

(a) With adj. ¤bennach : m. Trichim Druthbennaig, ZCP viii 334.11 (for possible meaning of sobriquet cf. Corrcrechda .i. ainm do cnoc bis a n-étan na n-amatán . . . is é aithni in druith in corr-c. do beith ina étan, O'Dav. 518 ).

(b) With subst. ¤cathmíl: iar marbad a druithchathmil[ed] jester and soldier, Fianaig. 34.7 . Druthnia, n.pr. m., LL 190b43 ; Rawl. 155b52 , 157.48 (Druith-). ZCP viii 332.31 .

engnam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. engnam or dil.ie/20100

 

n u, o, m. IGT, Decl. § 28 .

(a) skill, dexterity , eangnamh .i. gliocas, O'Cl. : Iuchdan cerd... | is dia engnom og aibind | roberbad ōr i nErinn, Lec. 564b44 = BB 37b6 .

Esp. (b) skill at arms, valour, prowess (here probably: dorochair a graif a brut Patraic oc erlad in nítho ┐ in eggnamo frisin n-ídal, Trip. 92.8 ): S. co n-engnom ḟuilech, Metr. Dinds. iii 460.9 . buaid n-eṅgnama the gift of prowess, prosperity in arms TBC-LL¹ 1090.1133 . matá th'engnum mara mar atá t'engnum tíre, Ériu i 124.20 . do chomartha a gascid ┐ a eṅgnama TBC-LL¹ 2741.3023 . in cach ceird gaiscid ┐ engnoma RC xxiv 176.17 . ni raibe do dóinib domain ceped febas a n-engnama...lucht conístáis ermaisi Hectoir, TTr.² 1098 . maccaom arái n-aisi...cathmilid arai n-engnama, 1589 . 834 . TTebe 2512 . SG 65.6 . degthóisech engnama (i.e. Hector) TTr.² 1207 . lucht gaisccid nó engnama, CCath. 5078 . rugsad...as é ar neart a n-eangnamha, ML 20.10 . in gille óg can engnam, Polinices, TTebe 3884 . comtis chrithnaigthi comlaind ┐ comtis ailsedaig engnuma slack in wielding their arms 3134 . in ecen engnoma i roibi I., 3438 . An exploit, valorous deed, warlike action: is emilt engnam cach fir fo leith dib d'innisin, TBC-LL¹ 2141 . Lug...doringni in n-engnam ndana, LL 27b39 . cia heṅgnam dorignis riam?...deig-eṅgnam (of David's exploit against the lion, 1 Sam. xvii 35 ) YBL 121b15 = ZCP xiii 176.19 . med ┐ danadus in engnuma doronsat friu, Aen. 2428 . is decair damsa deg-engnum...trena anfaindi atám, YBL 317a10 = RC xxiii 418.28 . nírba tualaing ursclaidi na hengnoma iad, TTebe 1969 . ní cuirthe i ndán go ndearnadh | eangnamh ná dál nach dingneadh, G.B. Mac Con Midhe, Ir. Monthly 1924, 589 § 34 . bail na rochumaingset engnamh nó eisiomol do ghniomh i n-aghaidh a namhat (a place of imprisonment), Hugh Roe² 5.5 (f. 2b) .

In later texts freq. associated with enech, with contamination of meaning, cf. eangnamh .i. eineach, O'Cl. , and see Gadelica i 297 n. : a einech ┐ a eangnum, MR 114z . imcongbail...enig ┐ engnuma na hErenn, 148.21 . AFM vi 2164.4 . Cog. 166.9 ; 56.25 . rofáccbhadh...eineach ┐ eangnamh insi Gaoidheal isin iomairecc sin (of Kinsale) AFM vi 2288.16 . i bhfolamh gacha haisce...dá dtiubhraidh uaidh a los oinigh et eangnamha, Ó Bruad. i 108.4 . ar gradh h'einigh ┐ h'edhnamha, ZCP vi 104.20 .

fo-ácaib

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-ácaib or dil.ie/22337

 

Forms: fácaibh, —facaib, foácbat, fuácbat, —facabtais, —farcab, —fácba, —farcba, —fargbaid, facbat, facbad, faicfedh, —fargbad, fáiceb, —fuicéb, fo-t-uigebsa, —fuiceba, —foigebat, —faicebat, —fóicebaind, —faicbed, faicfedh, fotrácbus, fosrácbus, forácbais, fáccab, facab, facib, —facab, fácaib, foracab, foragab, forácaib, —farcaib, foragabsat, facabar, —facabtha, —farcabtis, faicebthair, fáicebthair, —faicebthar, faicebtair, foracbadh, fotracbad, —farcbad, —ffarccabhtha, fagbaid, fácbait, fácb—, fácbaim, fágbhaim, fácbai, fácbait, facbait, facbaid, fácbais, fúic, fófácaib, fofacaib, fofacbad, fosfácbus, forfacbus, forfaccaib, forfhagoip, forfacbad, forḟacaibthi, farcbur, —farcbainn, fargbhais, fágbais, rofarcuibh, bfargaibsiot, fácb—, fác—, fág—, fác, fagainn, ḟactais, —fáicfe, faicfimmít, ḟác, fhacsat, facthair, fágthar, faicfiter, fuicfider, fác—, fo-ác-, forfacsam, fos-racsamar, foracsabair, foracsat, forracsat, barḟacsat, baracsat, farcb-, fargsat, farcsat, fágbhuim, fágbhae, fágbhaidh, —fáguib, —fágbann, fágmuid, fágbhar, ḟágbhuinn, faeigfed, fóigfed, fūigfed, —fúigeab, —fóigeab, —faeigebh, fáoigfidh, fúigfidh, —ḟaeigfi, fáicfidi, faoigebtha, fúigfid, fúigfidhear, —ḟaeigfinn, —ḟúigfinn, —ḟóigfinn, —fāgbhas, fágbhais, —fáguibh, —fágbais

v (fo-ad-gaib). Early forms: Imperat. 2 s. fácaibh, CCath. 1666 . Ind. pres. 3 s. —facaib, Ml. 102a20 . 114b16 . 3 pl. foácbat, BCr. 18b11 . fuácbat, Ml. 80a10 . imperf. 3 pl. —facabtais, LU 10560 . subj. pres. 1 s. (perf.) —farcab, LU 5674 . 2 sg. —fácba, 6068 . 3 s. (perf.) —farcba, Ériu iii 104 § 33 . 2 pl. (perf.) —fargbaid, LU 8387 . 3 pl. narom facbat , Gild. Lor. 16 . past subj. 3 s. no facbad , CCath. 392 v.l. (nó faicfedh , text). ( perf.) —fargbad, SR 2835 (: tarddad). fut. 1 s. fáiceb, LL 252a37 . —fuicéb, LU 5152 . fo-t-uigebsa, Trip. 176.3 (2047) . 3 s. —fuiceba, ZCP viii 310.19 . 3 pl. —foigebat, Ml. 69a8 (for the -g- here cf. Ml. 95a12 ). —faicebat, LL 112a36 . sec. fut. 1 s. —fóicebaind, Trip. 244.5 ( = —foicébaind, 2879 ). 3 s. —faicbed, SR 4132 (cf. nó faicfedh , CCath. 392 ). pret. and perf. 1 s. fotrácbus, Wb. 31b1 . fosrácbus, LL 251b10 . 2 sg. forácbais, Trip. 176.2 ( = farácbais, 2046 ). 3 s. fáccab, Thes. ii 242.19 ( Ardm. 18b1 ). facab; facib, Thes. ii 240.14 ; 15 ( Ardm. 18a1 ). —facab, LU 10988 . fácaib, SR 6168 (possibly pres.). foracab, Ml. 37d10 . foragab, 30a9 . forácaib, Trip. 176.6 (2049) . —farcaib (—farggaib v.l.) Hy ii 10 . 3 pl. foragabsat, Ml. 95a12 . Pass. pres. s. facabar LU 4925. Laws ii 366.11 ( SM Facs. 41b1 ). subj. past s. —facabtha, TBC-I¹ 3595 . pl. (perf.) —farcabtis, Wb. 31d13 . fut. s. faicebthair, LL 303a17 ( Bor. 81 ). fáicebthair, LL 289b8 ( RC xiii 444x ). —faicebthar, TBC-I¹ 3594 . pl. faicebtair LL 302a8 ( Bor. 69 ). perf. s. foracbadh, Mon. Tall. § 71 . fotracbad, LL 147a5 . —farcbad, 286by 0 . TBC-I¹ 3594 . Cf. ruacbath, RC xxv 22.3 ; 227.1 . pl. —ffarccabhtha, AFM ii 846.10 . ro fagbaid , BB 445a51 ( = ro fácbait , Mer. Uil. 24 ). vn. fácbáil, —áil, q.v.

Mid. Ir. and later forms.

(1) Already early in Mid. Ir. the prototonic stem fácb— often takes the place of the deuterotonic forms ( pres. 1 s. fácbaim, LU 9217 . fágbhaim TSh. 5002 . 2 sg. fácbai, TBC-LL¹ 3473 . 3 pl. fácbait, LU 1547 . 8763 . facbait, SR 7655 ) and is treated as that of a simple vb., pres. 3 s. facbaid, SR 3687 . 3 s. pret. fácbais (see IGT below). Cf. fúic me meisi d'Feraibh Ceall, BNnÉ 174 .

(2) In deuterot. forms the f is often repeated. 3 s. pres. fófácaib, LU 5406 . fofacaib, SR 1201 . 3 pl. fofacbad, BDD 13 . Pret. and perf. 1 s. fosfácbus, Metr. Dinds. i 42.66 . forfacbus, ZCP vii 310 § 9 . 3 s. forfaccaib, Mon. Tall. § 47 . forfhagoip, Fl. Earls 1.2 (archaic). Pass. s. forfacbad, ACL iii 225.17 (Hy M). pl. forḟacaibthi, SR 1358 .

(3) Subj. and pret. prototonic forms with infixed -ro- are common: pres. subj. 1 s. da farcbur , LU 9932 . Past 1 s. (perf.) —farcbainn, Fianaig. 12 § 21 . 2 sg. cf. fargbhais .i. fágbais , O'Cl. 3 s. cu rofarcuibh , Marco P. 34 . pl. a bfargaibsiot , Leb. Gab.(i) i 14.19 .

(4) The stem fácb— is often replaced by fác— (fág—), both being freq. used side by side: 2 s. imp. fác, PH 1987 . past subj. 1 s. co fagainn , ZCP vi 55.20 . 3 pl. co ḟactais , LB 3b26 . fut. 3 s. —fáicfe, Cáin Ad. 19 . 1 pl. faicfimmít, TBC-LL¹ 4159 . 3 s. perf. ra ḟác , LL 227b42 . 232b20 ( TTr. 787 ; 1141 ). pl. ro fhacsat , Lism. L. 721 . pass. pres. s. facthair, LL 305a11 ( Bor. 123 ). fágthar, TSh. 4637 . fut. pl. faicfiter, LL 301b ( Bor. 67 ). fuicfider, Bor. 69 Lec. From fác— is formed the analogical deuterot. stem fo-ác-: perf. 1 pl. forfacsam, SR 1485 . fos-racsamar, LL 11b46 . 2 pl. foracsabair, LU 2397 . 3 pl. foracsat, AU 1056 . LL 134a13 . forracsat, LL 184b51 . barḟacsat ... baracsat , 261b34 , 37 . Similarly on the analogy of farcb- occur forms like: co fargsat , SR 6459 . co farcsat , TTr.² 1568 . IGT III § 85 gives: Ind. pres. 1 s. fágbhuim (abs. and conj.). 2 sg. fágbhae (abs. and conj.). 3 s. fágbhaidh, —fáguib, —fágbann. 1 pl. fágmuid (`cóir do chanamhain'). Subj. 1 s. fágbhar (abs. and conj.). imperf. ind. and subj. 1 s. do ḟágbhuinn . fut. 1 s. faeigfed, fóigfed, fūigfed. —fúigeab, —fóigeab, —faeigebh (3 s. fáoigfidh, fúigfidh, Decl. ex. 49 ; —ḟaeigfi III ex. 890 ). Cf. 2 pl. fáicfidi, LU 4584 (H ; = faicebthai. TBC-LL¹ 291 , faoigebtha St). 3 pl. fúigfid, TSh. 953 . pass. fúigfidhear (rel.), TSh. 5509 ]. sec. fut. 1 s. —ḟaeigfinn, —ḟúigfinn, —ḟóigfinn. pret.perf. 1 s. —fāgbhas. 2 sg. fágbhais. 3 s. —fáguibh, —fágbais.

I In general sense leaves (trans.) (a thing, place or person):

(a) gl. linquere Gild. Lor. 16 ; relinquere Wb. 31b1 . a rrig foragabsat dia náes their king whom they had left behind them Ml. 95a12 . fosrácbus im thaig dim éis, TBFr. § 23 . trēide as dile lem forfacbus, ZCP vii 310 § 9 . lucht na luinge foracabsat hi tír A., ZCP viii 313.24 . conafarcbad ar chind Neill so that he was left to await N., Rawl. 81a15 ( = co fargabad, BB 134b40 ). dorat rigan na Saba do S. ... .xx. ar .c. tallann d'ór ... mō ruc cid mor forḟacaib, Rawl. 79a45 . forácaib Úsaili i Cill Ú., Trip. 186.21 (2193) . is ann forothaig Cill M., ┐ farácaib díis dia muintir and, 94.11 (1049 : faráccaib). da fáccadh duine a ḟual a ngar do thigh, Maund. 217 . fofacbad na heoin a n-enchendcha ` quit (i.e. leave off, discard) their birdskins' BDD 13 . Departs from, forsakes , of places: fác an inad atai, PH 1987 . faccaibh an mendat attaoi, BNnÉ 302.1 . fag an cathair-si coluath, ZCP vi 55.1 . fácaib Eocho F. ... | a thír ar tír L. abandoned his country for that of L. xi 109 § 18 . forácsadar in n-innsi, TTr.² 824 . ná farcba a liss that he may not leave his enclosure Ériu iii 104 § 33 . dia mbad fómsa trá cách, ol in druí, no faicfithea in dunadsa innocht, LL 254a18 ( TFerbe 111 ). Of persons: i céin mairer nim-fargba, CF p. 89.21 ( GJ iv 56 ). in duine dia bhfoghnaim-si ... ni fharcabhsa he I may not leave him Lism. L. 184 . ni fuigeabh-sa ... aenduine dá tainic lim, BCC § 120 (p. 116) . Leaves remaining: conna facabtais cid mecnu na fér ... hi talam, LU 10560 ( CCC 1 ). bādur sé semmanda a sleig cech fir ... ┐ no gédais tri semanda as cech sleig ┐ fuicbidis tri semannda in cech sleig, Fianaig. 6y . conidh anbecht ma do ḟacsat mil na duíne, RC xviii 11 (Tig.) = conidh as inueachtain foragsat míol n-indile, AFM 1089 . in t-aentrian fuicfithear and do tṡluagh G. the third that shall be left Ériu iv 180 § 42 . is mar sin fheanntar an t-anam, go nach fágthar subháilce ar bioth ... aige, TSh. 9443 . Leaves behind i.e. outstrips (in a race): ata ben agum ... no fágbed [leg. -ad] na heocho, ZCP xii 252.24 . doling M. frisna heochu gur rusfágaib ib. 31 . nir taisdil in domhan ... cú nó fíadh nach fuicfedhsan, Duan. F. i 56 § 12 .

(b) relinquishes, renounces: ni ḟil ... cathair nar ḟacaib in t-ídaladrad, PH 2424 . úair foracsabairsi foromsa ... cach maith since ye have renounced for My sake every good LU 2397 . an tí aidmheóchas ┐ fhúigfeas iad who shall acknowledge and renounce them (viz. his sins) TSh. 9054 .

(c) With adj. or equivalent as complement of pred. leaves (in a certain state): o forḟacaibthi gle-nuicht when they were left stark-naked SR 1358 . manibed Moisi ... óenfer díb ... na faicbed beo for talmain, 4132 . cía romácbad Beothach béo though B. should leave me alive LU 1262 . ( Imr. Brain ii 288 ). fófácaib in trúaill fás leaves the scabbard empty LU 5406 . fáiceb in less n-óibela, LL 252a37 ( TBFr. § 28 ). benfaid frim adaircín nosfaiceba fás, LB 33b7 ( = Lism. L. 1054 ). forḟacaib B. he ic funi Mairt, LB 33b8 = forfacbhudh he ag bruith mairt Lism. L. 1055 . nacham facbaid-si m'oenur!, Ériu iii 137.1 . fómraccbhadsa sunn m'áenor, BNnÉ 93.6 . foceird-sim ... urcur di sleigh fuirri ... corus farcaib cen anmain, RC v 200z . cona farcobsat formáol fornocht so that they left it [the `dún'] bare and naked Dinds. 27 . ni theigdis uad ... co fācbaidis lān, Ériu ii 20 § 1 . fúigfid bandála Gall gruaidhḟliuch, TD 16.52 . as saidhbhir do fháoicfithea me, damad eol damh ..., Parrth. Anma 332.19 . arna farcabtais cen forcitlaid lest they should be left without a teacher Wb. 31d13 . nacham ḟácbasa cen brát[h]air, LU 6068 . fotracbad ar fán thou wast left desolate LL 147a5 ( PRIA iii 546 ). cach tailach ... namúrtis co fáctais ina foenglenntaib, LL 263b48 ( MU² 270 ). co fargbaid mo thechsa amal fondrancaibar for bar cind till you leave my house as you found it LU 8387 ( FB 26 ). ni aithergem na duile acht nos-lecam amal fosracaib Dia, Alex. 885 . f.¤ fri láim sets aside, excepts, stipulates: facbaim Concobar fri láim I leave C. aside LU 9217 ( FB 94 ). farācbaisemne fri lāim deitsiu ... nād ṅ-īurmais orguin co feasmais ..., BDD 73 Y. Cf. dochta do neoch dáles dāil | fācbas dáil n-éco fri lāimh, Fianaig. 10 § 3 . Cf. foscichret i crandchor ... fáicebthair Lugaid fris anechtair `L. will be left out of the chance' RC xiii 444x .

Folld. by CEN and vn.: foragab Duaid inna anman adiecta cen tabairt anman trén fríu D. left the adjectives without adding substantives to them Ml. 30a9 . dia ḟaicet ... gním maith i nduine, fácbait sin cen luad, PH 7678 . gunar ḟacsat uaim ... gan tachailt, Cog. 24.18 . is iomdha éacht ... ḟuigfeam ... gan chur síos which we shall leave untold Keat. ii 3237 . Cf. (k).

(d) folld. by LA, OC of pers. leaves with, in the hands of, in possession of; at the mercy of: tíagait úad ... ┐ fácbait bennachtain leiss, LU 1547 ( MU² 1057 ). facabar a cuit urgnuma in mifoltaig las in sofoltach, Laws ii 366.11 ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 32 ). ni scarfom ... co rrucsa do chen[n]su nó co farcabsa mo chend latsu, LU 5674 . techit ... ┐ fácbait a mbíad oc na bíastaib, LU 8763 ( FB 57 ). is e gell ... forácbad icon eclais i fus the pledge that has been left LB 251b3 . co fargaibhset a mbraighti aicce `left their pledges with him' AU 1157 . fágbad frithalam núa acan impiri ┐ imthigid (they) render the emperor fresh service (of a relay of attendants) Maund. 203 . fagbuis aigi budhein an Camcornn kept for himself Ériu ii 187.3 ( co fagbais, ZCP viii 103.11 ). fagbuit gne chustaim ag doirseoiribh in droichit pay toll to Fl. Earls 86.5 . fūicfidir sinne uile ar fódaib ... no fāicfemait [fúigfiom v.l.] oirechas agat-sa, ML² 1572 (cf. ML 118.26 ). Cf. da sirinn a meic no a mna ... dofuicfedis tes `gom thoigh they would have delivered them up ZCP viii 219 § 9 . cf. (f), (g). leaves (as a duty) to: fofacaib lim ... frithalim na n-anmanna leaves to me (the task of) attendance on the animals SR 1201 . With FO: fágbhaim fá bhreathnughadh gach aonduine I leave it to all to judge TSh. 5002 .

(e) leaves behind (on a battle-field, etc.), loses (of persons and things): maiti for Ultu. Facabar Conchobar C. is left (wounded) LU 4926 . fáicfidi leis mili cend 4584 . in farcbad mo macsa? ... Forrácbad has my son been slain ? He has 1529 ( MU² 1031 ). fácabar .xx. láech lais díb twenty of their warriors fell by him 1583 . mebaid ... forsint slúag mór ria nDauid | co fargsat ... huili cruid a ṅgabála, SR 6459 . maidid for Aibisolón. facabair in milid ZCP xiii 177.13 . tuitfimit-ni uili it lurg, amal ro fácbait do muinter uili connici so, Mer. Uil. 24 . ro memhaidh for Aedh ... co farcaib ili, AU 859 . co fargsat a muntir ┐ a longa, RC xvii 404 (Tig.; AFM 1065 have: fáccbhaitt a nethra lais imon luing ...). co farggabsat ... a llonga leu, AU 851 . sluaighed la D. ┐ la feraib M. ... cor lādh ór fer M. ... co facsad a lón ┐ a n-eich ┐ a n-airm, RC xviii 37 . romebaid forsna T. ... co farcsat ár mór do degdóinib, TTr.² 1568 . foraccaibhset a n-ār lá mac meic L. eittir marbhadh ┐ bathadh, AFM ii 964w . go bhfúigfe do cheann ┐ do chosgar ag cathaibh Chuinn, ML 122.1 . Cf. ni ḟil cidh oenfer ... natt farcbainn i tinorguin whom I could not leave i.e. vanquish Fianaig. 12 § 21 . trian érca cach éinḟir da muintir da faicfigther `the third part of the eric for every man ... that is killed' Hy Maine 64 . Cf. Maol Seachlainn ... do dhol i ttíribh Mumhan ... ro indir Mumha co muir ... iar madhmaim for a rioghaibh ... co ffarccbadh ann lais Maol Crón ... tanaisi na nDéisi, co sochaidhe ele, AFM 856 . AU has co fargbadh ann lethri na nDeise, Maol Cron ...

(f) leaves behind (at death): nicon foigebat ciniud ... dia næs, Ml. 69a8 . facbaid [Ioseph] dá mac, SR 3687 . tabairt mnā dó fo déig co farcbad comarba, LU 10166 . act a mbere-so ni fuiceba-som di chlaind [sic leg.] save what thou bearest he will leave no offspring ZCP viii 310.19 . ni hairdircc a chlann maro ḟacaib if he left any Rawl. 147a22 . ar na hoighreadhaibh fhágbhaid dá n-éis, TSh. 4577 . Hence bequeathes: fáccab Aed aidacht la Conchad, Ardm. 18b1 ( Thes. ii 242.19 ). seoit aini ro facaib a n-athair acu, Laws i 216.8 Comm. ní ḟágaibh athair ag mac | Inis Ḟódla, TD 17.3 . dá bhfágbhadh duine ré hudhacht ni nach leis fein, TSh. 5133 . dá bhfágbhadh ... neach a oighreacht ré hudhacht ag neach oile, 5140 .

(g) leaves (instructions, a charge, command, etc.), often with obj. clause: teorae briathra forfaccaib Diarmaid app Iae la C. ... fit foss figell, Mon. Tall. § 47 . faracaib Dia linn co ndigesta God left with us (the knowledge) that thou wouldst go Trip.² 275 . secht cluchi ... issed forḟácaib Patraic, Metr. Dinds. iii 16 . faccbaim cen a tidhnacul go brāth do Cloinn C. I leave an ordinance that they are never to be given to the clan of C. Anecd. ii 30z . fāgaim in ces naīdhen for Ultaib co brāth, ZCP xii 252y . a los na mallachta do ḟágaibh Noe ag Cam, Keat. i p. 178 . forácaibh [Pátraic] ordnidi lóech ┐ cleirech uad cu bráth promised that illustrious laymen and clerics should descend from him Trip. 210.13 (2464) . forácaib nobeitis ríg ... día cenél co bráth, 164.9 (1910 : furácaib). ro fagaib Colman troscud umpi seo C. left an ordinance that they should fast for it BColm. 88.13 . is i gCluain Mic Nóis do ḟágaibh Diarmaid é féin d'adhnacal, Keat. iii 2164 . ro fagaib fo péin a n-anma orra gan techt tairis sin, ZCP vi 80.28 . do fácbadh Menistir na mBrathar ... do beth os cind na mBrathar co huilidhi it was decided that the Minister of the Friars ... should be over all the Friars AU iii 526 . do fagcaib doib ... cruth a mban for a maccaib, BColm. 90.18 . fágbhais P. ... eineach is eangnamh Éirionn ... d'ḟágbhálaibh air, TD 7.17 (see fácbáil). Of a salutation, farewell: ro faccbustair iomchomarc bethadh ag R., BNnÉ 328 § 58 .

? is ed rofacbad do mnai, | is cet cía thái, cet cía théis this is the last word on woman (?) ZCP iii 37.18 . Cf. (j).

(h) fo-ácaib bréithir leaves a word i.e. a blessing, malediction, etc.: forácaib Patraic [br]eithir foraib, Trip. 208.24 (2451) . fácbaid bréithir ... for cléithib na Cráeb-rúaide, a mbeith fo chess `she leaves a word upon ..., that they should be in distress' Metr. Dinds. iv 130.1 . forfacaib-seom na m[i]briathra-sa doib .i. comdais brēcairi filid Connacht, ZCP xiii 25.24 . a los na mbriathar ro fagaibh Mocuda forra, BNnÉ 307.1 .

(i) of placing, inflicting: géabhthar air go bhfágthar iomad créacht air he will be beaten till many sores are left on him TSh. 3483 .

(j) leaves (on record), hands down (a statement, etc.): ro ḟagaibh fria blaisect mbāis gur fhír son, Marco P. 1 . do ḟágaibhsiod eólaigh gurab mó do thuit, etc. ML 142.28 . d'fagadar [na harsanta] againne gorab comfada, etc. Ir. Astr. Tr. 134.23 . faguibh aguinn a bunad make known to us Fen. 258.6 . Cf. (g), last cit.

(k) f.¤ immuig leaves out, omits: foracabsom lethchosmailius [—iusin MS] immuig `he has left out half of the comparison' Ml. 37d10 . Cf. (c).

II Rarely intrans.

(a) is left, remains (prob. in early Mid. Ir. an impers. use of the trans. vb.): connach farcaib i mBrudin i farrad Conaire acht Conall ┐ Sencha ... so that only C. and S. ... were left BDD 152 ( LU 7920 ). is cuit péne cach ra ḟác di ṡluag na Eurpa uli na rachomraic immon oenchomarli seo hardly were there any who were left of the host of Europe that did not join in this council (?) LL 232b20 ( TTr. 1141 ). ? fásughadh Muighe B. la Saxoibh ... ┐ rugsat braigdi iomdha leo as gach ionadh hi farcaibhset `from every place which they left' (? in which they had stayed) AFM 683 .

(b) departs, gets away: facbuid-si asin tír-si, RC xiv 56 § 69 . ro facsat tra na Troianu as gach gliaid ┐ as gach gabad, Aen. 195 .

Load More Results