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Your search returned 26 result(s).

aittenn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aittenn or dil.ie/2832
Last Revised: 2013

 

n o, m. See LEIA but also Études Celt. xxxvi 63 . furze, gorse: paliurus .i. . . aiten, Thes. ii 46.18 ( Philarg. 18 ). rusco .i. aittiun, 47.8 (ib. 50 ), 48.30 (ib. 119 ). aitend .i. āith-tend, sech is āith is tend, Corm. Y 56 . onn .i. aiten, Auraic. 1194 . is on aitenn tucad int ainm is onn frisin fidh n-ogaim, 5582 . lossa fedha .i. aitean, fraech, gilcach . . ., 1156 . int aitend no in fraoch, 2834 . sliabh fraich ┐ aiteann, Laws iv 276.19 Comm. aiteand, dris, fraech, 148.1 . im dire . . . do aitin do luachra, i 166.29 . biaid immad aittin ann / i tírib áilli Érann, Metr. Dinds. iv 306.23 . tri droighnibh ┐ drisibh ┐ aitinn arrachta do chirrbadh a cuirp, Études Celt. i 85.23 . ro tréghdadh a throighthe . . . lá haitten an tsleibhe, AFM vi 1900.13 . ? nír adba rosc fír ineithle maíssi aitind serthi capaill, IT iii 99 § 164 . As sobriquet: Oengus cenn aittinn, Rawl. 152a51 . Compds. ¤-chaithrech having furze-like body-hair: Ethne Aitencáithrech, LU 3246 ( SCC 4 ). Mugain Aitencaetrech, 8405 ( FB 28 ). M. Etanchaithrech, TFerbe 119 . re M. Aitinchairchech (sic), Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 22.6 . See Ériu i 117 note . ¤-garbh: san tír aimhreidh aiteanngarbh, Cog. 100.12 . ¤-ṡlíab: mar cech n-attennṡlíab, Metr. Dinds. iv 140.4 .

cindas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cindas or dil.ie/9113

 

pron (1 cía + indas, see Ériu i 7 ).

(a) With gen. of an indefinite noun and follg. rel. clause (actual or implied) what kind of? c.¤ persine attotchomnicc gl. tú quis és? Wb. 6b13 . c.¤ fer dia ndenid-si deu, 8c11 . cinnas cennaig sin? (folld. by answer giving details), LU 9014 ( FB 76 ). cinnas fir? . . . Fer mór . . . , TBC-LL¹ 2451 . cindus cléirig iat-som na trí Colmána?, BColm. 54.25 . Later occas. with nom.: cindus deifir ata etc., Ériu v 120.9 . cionnus cluain an clúain si? BNnÉ 32.18 .

(b) Forming copula-clause with gen. of definite noun: c.¤ in choirp i n-eséirset gl. quali autem corpore ueniunt? Wb. 13c20 . c.¤ a bésse, 28b32 . cinnas ind lossa? what is the appearance of the herb? Trip.² 2350 . c.¤ for cobarthasi?, Anecd. i 11.8 ( SCano 336 ).

(c) With pers. forms of prep. LA: ibar coicthi cinnas lat what dost thou think of I.? ZCP viii 218.9 . cionnus lat . . . / mac an tsaoir do rádha ris what do you think of the fact that? DDána 26.6 . cionnus libh dá mbeath dom brath / neach istigh ar mo theaghlach what would you think if? Dán Dé i 12 .

(d) With follg. rel. clause how? in what way? ciaindas rundgabsat, Ml. 55c1 . c.¤ ṁbias iarna cétbuid sem `how then will it be according to their opinion?' Sg. 40a15 . cionnus bhias éscce do chur um righ?, Ériu xiii 50.9 . iarmfacht S. do M. cindus nombiad etir an déde sin how he would be between these two things(?), Mon. Tall. 144.18 . c.¤ rainnfither in mucc? Sc.M² 6 . cesnaigthir . . . cinnas doraga how (in what form) he will come, LU 2360 . cionnas as éidir léo how is it possible for them? Ó Héodhusa 38.w . See Hermathena xcix 53 (1964) . Without verb: c.¤ on . ni anse ón how does that come about? Sg. 18a6 . As greeting or salutation well : cinnas sin a Lóig? LU 3662 ( SCC 33 ). cinnas, a m'anam a Iriel?, CRR 28 . cionnus sin, a Ṡuibhne?, BS 18.11 .

(e) Rarely as indef.: cindus beiti cena / bat fāssa a rát[h]a however they may be now, their raths will be desolate, ZCP viii 110.10 .

commailt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. commailt or dil.ie/11488
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: comailt, coimeilt

vn. of con-meil. comailt coimeilt .c. (cumailt cuimilt .l.) f., IGT Decl. § 42 . comailt coimilt .c. (cumuilt cuimilt .l.), Verbs § 46 . act of crushing, grinding, rubbing : oighe choimealta na gclogad / an cloidhemhsa ag C., IGT Decl. ex. 1194 . le comailt na mball (way of curing hiccup), O'Gr. Cat. 193.33 . dentar . . . coimilta na mball foirimillach, 215.32 .

In phr. do-beir c.¤ for crushes, rubs : dabered díanchommilt fair etera rigthib `he would crush him quickly', TBC-LL² 3923 . on foillgiud .i. on chomailt doberdis . . . forsna claro, Auraic. 1756 . Cf. ni ba comailt for serblind `a grinding of oats(?)', Hib. Min. 71.5 . With follg. prep. in sense rubbing, touching with; applying to: oca chomailt co cloich, O'Mulc. 420 . pota nua ar coimilt ghloine de coated with glaze, O'Gr. Cat. 209.35 . ar gcoinsiasa atá ar n-a gcumailt d'fuil Iosa Criosd `sprinkled', Carswell 122.9 . sug in lossa do cuimilt fæthi, Auraic. 5572 . cuimilt riú . . . / ní fiú th'aighneas `to deal with them', Content. xxii 20 . cuimeilt ré himeall a éuduigh = touch, Mk. vi 56 . salann do chomeilt imme, PH 1144 . dlighid co minic in draint do coimilt le mer, Irish Texts v 46 § 30 . See commlith.

díthrub

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díthrub or dil.ie/16909

 

Forms: díthrab, díthreb, díthram, díthrab, díthruib, dithraibh, dithruib, dithruba, díthruib, ndithruib, dithrebe, dithreba, dit[h]reib, díthramh

n (dí + treb, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 347 ). Later also díthrab, díthreb, díthram. díthrab, Ml. 98d4 (dithrub, Thes., see GOI p. 100 ). Orig. o, m.? g s. díthruib, SR 4069 , 4740 , 5074 , 6350 , 7576 . dithraibh, AU 756 . n p. dithruib, Triads 43 .

But early declined also as

(a) u, m. g s. in dithruba , SR 6292 , 6344 , and

(b) ā, f. a d s. díthruib, SR 6340 , 6402 , 6336 (díthraib). i ndithruib na hAfraice, LU 44 . ota dithruib, LB 125a37 ( isin díthreb, 122a43 . isin dithrub, 128b36 . asin díthrub, 129b1 ). g s. na dithrebe , 122a53 . na díthrebi, 129a45 .

In PH decl. always as masc.: g s. dithreba, PH 873 , 876 . isin dithrub passim, except 2099 : dul isin dithreb. Decl. as m. and f. up to early mod. period. Note g s. an dit[h]reib , Fl. Earls 236 . díthramh m., IGT Decl. § 28 .

Uninhabited or solitary place, wilderness, retreat: dithreb .i. beith cen treib n-ann nó cen trebadh, Corm. Y 432 . dithreabh .i. beith gan treibh no gan teagh .i. fásach, O'Cl. diothramh, fasach, fiodhbhuidh, Eg. Gl. 214 . díthrub (díthrab, MS.) són (ref. to in deserto), Ml. 98d4 . i ndiththrub in beotho, Wb. 11a19 . nim dil ced dithrub Temair (.i. . . . cid fās), Hy. ii 46 . Sen Phól . . . asa dithrub dubach `whose hermitage is gloomy', Fél. Prol. 98 . Druim Criaich . . . cen cop dithrub ni dímbuan, LL 151a1 . ri dosfuc tria d.¤ trén | is trisi[n]d sruth n-Eordanen, SR 5197 . diarn-écaib isin d.¤ , 4056 . is díthraib i mbaí D., 6336 . i ndiamraib dorchaib dithruib, 7576 . aittrebthaid in dithrubá, 6292 . in t-íí rotbiath sib isin d.¤ .i. maind, PH 2825 . lossa serua in díthreba, 873 . i ndithrub slébe (= in montanis convallibus), Lat. Lives 20 . a slēib no a ndithrub, Laws v 322.21 Comm. ac tuidecht tarsin ditrib, i 20.28 Comm. a ndithreib caille in a desert wood, RC v 201 . dercain a díthruib, xiii 46 . docuaidh Fursa ┐ Ultan asin mainistir ┐ dochuatar i ndit[h]reibh, xxv 398 . carais Cainneach . . . bheith i nditreibh crúaidh chrandaigh, ZCP i 64 . bothán derruid dit[h]raba, Ériu i 39 . isin díthrob, iv 100 . isin dithrum sin, Aen. 863 . coill dithrib, Acall. 4022 . i ndiamraib na dithrebi, YBL 66b1 . di srothaib na senditribi, BB 243a26 . ualach diothraimh na fairge the burden of the desert of the sea, Isaiah xxi 1 . In prov. expression: ba dál ri d.¤ ndemin it was a hopeless effort (?), LL 151b21 . trédi indarbus démnu in étraid . . . .i. lubair, díthreb, áine solitude, a hermit's life, PH 8391 . trí dithruib hÉrenn: Fid Mór . . . etc., Triads 43 . i ndithrubaib Ainge (= in deserto Engaddi), SR 6272 . i ndíthrubaib Connacht, LL 20b25 . a ndithreua srotha Iordanén nobíd a oenur, PH 871 . dochōid i ndīthrobaib i mBoirind Connacht, Ériu i 44 . cluinit cúana a dithrebaib, vii 4 . inn-uiliph diamraibh ┐ ditrebaidh na Tesaili, CCath. 5635 . i ndithrumaib, Aen. 1665 . tre lár (chlár, v.l.) díthramh ndoireadh, IGT Decl. ex. 874 .

do-érni

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-érni or dil.ie/17581

 

Forms: doérnai, doérnói, ternó-, térnam, ta-érna, ternóidhthear

v (* to-ess-ro-snī-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 635 ), pret. 3 s. doérnai, doérnói. Later treated as a simple vb. with stem terná- or ternó-, mod. téarnuigh-; IGT Verbs § 11 . Vn. térnam.

(a) gets away, escapes: marbthair rí Lagen sin cath, | ┐ térnaid rí Temrach, LL 299a38 . meinic térnus . . . sochaide dá mbí i ngábod, SG 345 . ternóidhit tar aiss ōn Eigipt, Fl. Earls 112 . da ternar . . . asin cath if I escape, CCath. 4046 . guidim-se . . . co rotherna indiu Molling, | ní thaeth do rinn ná d'faebur, SG 388 . ternam uile (.i. roérnam) may we all escape, Thes. ii 349.100 (Hy. v). ternam a baes let us escape from folly, Ériu ii 66 . ar nach omon risam tisam ternamar, ZCP x 345 = Rawl. 106b41 . ní gonad C. nech ar a térnád from whom he escaped, TBC-LL¹ 2413 . do-érnaba fessin, BDD § 102 g . = ta-érna (fut. 2 s.), BDD² 728 . toernae . . . assin orguin, BDD § 80 . piana . . . o nach ternaife tré bíthe, Aisl. Tond. xiii 3 . ternaife-sa féin ┐ térnaifeat do géill, Lism. L. 310 ; Lat. Lives 63 . is æn do cétaib nama do neoch dib doernaba, LB 242b86 . gid bed uaind ternabus asin comrug, Aen. 3122 . ní thernábad nech uad, TTr.² 1171 . dobérab scandir for in sluagh conná ternáifed béo dib uad, 1173 . ba dóigh lais nach tternaifedh gan troid ón dá tíghearna, AFM v 1570 . eirg, a mic . . . for muncind mara | cain ternais thou hast got safely through, ML 162 . ar aba écca an aoinfhir sin daérna uadhaibh, AFM vi 2298 . co napatar . . . cenmotha deichneabhar doérná, Leb. Gab.(i) 208 . amail sóersai Samsón | térnae (ternai, terno, terna, v.l.) assin chathir who escaped, Fél. Ep. 544 . térnai Dair iarna guin, Alex. 278 . térnai do rind gái, TTr.² 159 . muir nemthonnach . . . nach n-ethar rotnánic nocho ternoi ass, Ériu ii 112 . bertaigis forro, connā terna (ternó, LU) ní dona cóic gaiscedaib dēc, TBC-I¹ 556 . conna terno nech dia muinter, 2896 . ionnus nach teurnó do chlannaibh N. acht lucht aon-bháirce, Keat. i 184 . ni ḟeadamair-ni an terna ass nō nach dterno, MR 276 . in ternam terna Ionas fáid the escape which I had, PH 3432 . térna tuath Dé dá tír, Todd Nenn. 230 ( LL 134a2 ). ni therna don tromdígail . . . óen fer dona mórslúagaib, SR 5070 . ni terna cidh sciula orcne ass, Corm. Y 323 . ni terna dib acht lucht aen-ethair, AU 755 . terna Daniel o na leomnaib, Rawl. 74a17 . amail ternais D. asan cuithe leoman, Grail 2377 . a ndoernáttar ass, Hugh Roe 318 . ni slán térnatar they did not escape unhurt, TFerbe 429 . is cuntabair[t] in térnatar na oegaire, LL 283a2 . ternatar slán i tír, BColm. 94 . doérnaisiot la luas a n-ech, AFM vi 1976 . do ernaidhset, Leb. Gab.(i) 218 . Pass. (impers.) ní ternóidhthear beo on beim sin, CF 768 . mad coscrach cathbuadach thérnáidhter de, TTr.² 104 . Of passing out of one state into another: focherd in laech síde lossa ┐ lubi íci . . . i n-ilgonaib Conculaind, co ternó Cúch. ina chotlud, TBC-I¹ 1827 LU = co terno, TBC-LL¹ 2480 (hence tearnódh .i. thuitim: go tternó ina chodladh .i. gur thuit na codladh, O'Cl. ). Esp. of recovery from illness, etc.: dogní ernaighthi lais ┐ térnaidh fo céttóir, Moling § 61 . drong eile ternus ┐ drong eile geibh bas, 3 C 19, 19b19 . is luath bid ar meisce ┐ is luath ternaighit re, O'Gr. Cat. 216 . cia notherna do nach galar, Laws i 280 Comm. fios do bheth agad an tternochaidh fer na tissise, 24 P 3, 222.20 . na fiabrais o ternuighter nó ina bhfaghthar bas, 162.2 .

(b) goes away, vanishes, disappears: téarna mo lúth a's mo neart have failed, Oss. vi 152 . do thearnóig fuil mo mheair, CF 138 Eg. gidh int-én la ar aba úi Chuinn | fada go dtérná thoruinn even a single day . . . passed slowly by, O'Gr. Cat. 453 . is cosmhuil mo laethe re scáile noch théarnuighios, Psalms cii 11 . gnáthugud Fursu . . . tri mírenna sáille do ithe co rothérnad gail na piasta, Fél. p. 44 (`that he might abate', as if from do-airindi). an tráth do théarnaigh Donnchadh departed (this life), O'Gr. Cat. 596 . nechtar no ternoithe ar tús whichever should die first, Lism. L. xi 8 = dig, LL 278a42 .

(c) Various exx. With transference of meaning to an obj. following: minic téarnó teach nimhe | neach le héan-ló aithrighe has often escaped [and got to] heaven, A. Ó Dálaigh li 5 . gréagach an glé-ghille . . . do théarnuigh ó éacht ḟuirinn Áine i gcairt `who sprang from', Ó Bruad. ii 156 .

fér

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fér or dil.ie/21667
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: faer, fér, fér, feuir, feúir, ḟeóir, féiuir, féor, feór, feóir, féra, fér, fergoirt, ḟéarghloin

n o, n. n s. faer, Ml. 135d8 . a s. fér, 90b8 . a fér , LU 4733 . g s. ind feuir , Ml. 9b8 . ind feúir , LU 4735 . ind ḟeóir , 9142 . féiuir, Sg. 68b10 . d s. féor, LL 266a31 . d s. feór, g s. feóir, IGT. Decl. § 61 ex. 1471 . n p. féra, IT i 190.27 ( FA 30 LB). Cf. in raeóir (v.l. raifheoir), Metr. Dinds. iii 36.35 ( v 131 ). Grass (gen. of living grass, but occas. of hay and also of other graminaceous plants): gl. foenum Ml. 135d8 ; carex Sg. 68b10 . luigfér glasfeoir ┐ arbar small grass (?) LU 8124 ( FB 9 ). ní thíscad a drucht do rind ind ḟeóir, LU 9142 ( FB 88 ). nicon berat a drucht dind ḟéor LL 266a31 ( MU² 566 ). geltatar dá ech S. a fér cona bun a talam, LU 4733 . gelair scor ... i ngurt ḟeóir, Metr. Dinds. iii 96.15 . tuctha dá ech D. ... for f.¤ were turned out to grass Lat. Lives 15 . āin bō a fer driving cows to grass Laws v 136.6 . bia fo ḟer isin relicc marb, LB 204a30 (= bia fóen, Ériu ii 204.13 ). tuc óenach Tailten a feór, Metr. Dinds. iv 160 . amhail fhéar thirim hay (= sicut foenum) TSh. 3798 . ag buain an fheóir, 2644 . na guirt gemhair ... ro ḟaccaibh an cioth gan ioth gan ḟeor iad `without corn or blade' AFM v 1678y . tugadh an talamh féur, Gen. i 11 . a n-inbhear ḟéir minligh, Psalms xxiii 2 . Used to denote an indef. number: bit comlín fri f.¤ , Ml. 90b8 . bit lir ... fér for faichthi as plentiful as grass on a green BDD 89 . co f.¤ to the ground: gunaidhi ... sida co f.¤ umpa silken gowns reaching to the ground ZCP vi 71.32 ; 62.31 (cf. mod.: ó bhathas go féar from head to foot Eoghan Ruadh 501 ). Pl. (in distrib. sense) athnugud ... na fér ┐ na lubi, LU 2735 . conna facabtais cid mecnu na fér ná lossa hi talam, 10560 . féra gera rindaithe, FA 30 LB ( IT i 190 ). for feraibh nemhidibh in tire, CCath. 3944 (= in herbas Luc. Phars. vi 506 ). Grass-lands, pastures: eigem do chur indile a feraib, Laws iii 250.19 . do feruib na comaightech, iv 146.9 Comm .

Compds.

(a) with subst.: féarachadh meadow TD 17.49 . fér-aithgin (sic leg.) compensation ( restitution ) for grass Laws v 466.7 . ¤brug a grassy piece of land: f. gabala, Acall. 4179 (cf. ¤gort). ¤díguin (sic leg. ? Cf. féis dighuin feoir [leg. —feoir ?] ethamuin geimreta, Laws iv 80.7 ). ` preserved grass ' Laws v 466.4 . ¤dílse proprietorship of grass iv 128.7 . ¤gelt, ¤gleith grazing: feirgleith, Laws iv 256z . léic na eochu ar férgeilt, TBC-LL¹ 1134 . tucait a n-eich ... d'ḟergeltaib pastures 72 . dith a fergelta destruction of their pasture Thurn. Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 42.14 . fēirgleith (sic leg.), Laws iv 256.30 Comm. ¤gort a grass field: rochuir ... na eocho hi fergort, LU 8514 ( FB 36 ). g s. ind fergoirt , LU 8526 ( FB 38 ). ocht fichit bó do chur i férghurt gabhála, Acall. 2309 . na crecha do léccean for a fér-gortaibh, AFM iv 1220x . ¤lann grassy tract (?): os ferlannaib portglana ... in prephir ... talmanta, MR 112.10 (= airlann ?). ¤lepaid: dál féirleabtha d'inghin couching on the grass IGT, Decl. ex. 1113 . ¤mag a grassy plain: i férmaig Taillten, Ériu iv 106.2 .

(b) with adj., esp. in poetry, e.g.: ¤ardd long-grassed: os cloich ḟéraird stone amidst long grass (?): Anecd. i 55 . ar bhrú an tighe ḟéaraird `amidst rich sward' TD 8.11 . ¤bán: féarbhán ` fair-swarded ' TD 17.57 . ¤chorr: Banba an fhuind fhérchuirr `of smooth grass' Hy Fiach. 176 . ¤dlúth densely grassed: fonncheltra ... ferdluithi in talman ` close-grassy ' MR 240.7 . ¤domain long-grassed: fa chlár bhféardhomhain na bhFionn, TD 32.20 . ¤glan of bright, glistening grass: g s. an mhoighe ḟéarghloin , TD 4.4 . ¤glas green-grassed: ar in faithche férglais, Acall. 6363 . ¤mín smooth-swarded: um Thealaigh bhféirmhín na bhF., TD 14.24 . ¤thlachtmar having a grassy covering: formna fertlachtmara ...cach bruighe grass-clad MR 100.20 . ¤úaine green-swarded: Inis Fáil f. verdant ZCP viii 108.29 . go faithche ḟ., Ériu v 174.204 .

fid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fid or dil.ie/21999
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: fid, fid, fiuth, fedo, feda, feda, feadha, feda, fidu, feda, fedae, fiodh, feadh, fedae, feadha, Feda, Feadhaibh, fidbretha, fidbreth, fidbhrethaibh, buale, fiddromandaib, fidḟaebraib, ḟidliss, fidlestra, fidletrenda, fidlosa, fidnemeda, fidṡlatta

n u, m. (occasionally nasalizing in n.l. : Fid nGabli, LL 159a50 = Dinds. 11 . See Todd Lect. iv 203 ). n s. in fid Wb. 5b42 . d s. fid, Ml. 146a5 . fiuth, Trip. 194.19 . g s. fedo, Thes. ii 46.22 . Sg. 35b12 . feda, 12a5 . 70a12 . 121a1 . ind feda , LU 4768 . feadha, TD 13.2 . n p. feda, Auraic. 952 . a p. fidu, TBC-LL¹ 3791 , 6054 . feda, LL 108b46 . Corm. Bodl. s.v. serb . g p. fedae, O'Mulc. 511 (?). fidh, Auraic. 1199 . fiodh, feadh, TD 21.40 ; 28.35 . Orig. perhaps `a boundary-tree ' Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 41 .

(a) a tree (sense in Glosses). arnaib fedaib (gl. pro arbustis) Ml. 146a6 . is bésad leusom in fid do thóbu et fid aile do esnid and it is their wont to cut a tree and to insert another tree therein 5b42 . clandaid fedha isna muighib corbad caillte `plant trees in the plains that they may be forests' RC ix 16 § 4 . nenaid quasi non fid hi acht lus, Corm. Y 987 . amail timc[h]illes féth fidh, Fianaig. 94.21 . mar nasces féith fidu, TBC-LL¹ 3791 . ná loisc ríg na fed (of `féithlenn') SG 245.15 . risna fedaib fína (fig. of chiefs) RC xiii 74.18 . doire ... do ḟeadhaibh crainnreamhra (i.e. spears) ML 128.29 . direnar fo tairdbe cach feda ... acht ni saeres nemed de (.i. a bheith conad fidh neimhidh e), Laws iv 168.22 ( 170.14 ; cf. fidnemed). defining gen. : caill fedha `a wood of trees ' Laws i 32.14 . crich incoisce bile feada `a district ... marked by an ancient tree' iv 142.19 Comm . fāl fedae (g pl. ?) a tree-hedge O'Mulc. 511 . Passing into sense of tree-trunk, tree regarded as timber : ceithre fedha ... i croich mic Dé ... cedir, cupris, etc. ZCP viii 107.16 . is cuileand in tres fidh roith in carpait holly is one of the three woods used in a chariot-wheel Auraic. 1182 . Of small plants : fidh aigenta, ut est int aitend no in fraoch ┐ rl., Auraic. 2833 . Hence

(b) wood, timber: aicdi dognethi di fiuth [ḟid v.l.] na cailli sin, Trip. 194.19 . co ngaisciuth do ith wooden armour TBC-I¹ 1180 = doíd, LU 5657 (= do ḟid). Of a shaft or pole : feadha spear-shafts ML 132.17 . fonnad fri fonnad, f.¤ fri f.¤ , LU 8705 ( FB 53 ). canna, f.¤ bis il-laim (= walking-stick ?), O'Mulc. 204 . Of a wooden shield : fid fō coitled comḟūaim ṅglaíd, Ériu xx 192 § 2 .

(c) trees (coll.), a wood or grove: distinguished fr. 1 caill : fulacht cacha chaille, cnuas cacha feada, Laws v 482.26 . In Auraic. 1150 ff ., Laws iv 146.18 ff ., trees and shrubs are classified as airig fedha, athaig (aithig) f., fodla f. and lossa f. iter fid ┐ mag, Thes. ii 239.15 ( Ardm. 17b1 ). roselgatar ... in fith resna cairpthib TBC-I¹ 275 (= fid, LU 4769 ). fri tamnad feda for felling trees BB 365b13 ( Dinds. 27 ). imthéigmís ... cach f.¤ ┐ cach fásach, TBC-LL¹ 3531 . i fedaib ┐ fásaigib, 554 . ralotar fón f.¤ ba comnessam dóib, CRR 37 ( LL 176a35 ). ni ḟarcaibset figh na fēr ... gan loscad, RC xliii 110 § 116 . tairthe fiodh TD 21.40 . sleibhte ... ameasg a feadh, 28.35 . As n.l. in pl., Feda the Fews: isna Feadhaibh , AU 1452 . See Hog., Onom.

(d) a letter of the alphabet (each letter being called after a tree) fid ... a airbert .i. a thapairt for v fedhaib fichit inn ogaim, Auraic. 3551 . In this sense sometimes called f.¤ saerda artificial tree: fid saerda .i. f.¤ inn oghaim ┐ f.¤ aicenta f.¤ na caille, Auraic. 397 . Cóic Con. 25.3 . f.¤ .i. fo ead a inde iter saerda ┐ daerda ┐ aiceanta, Lec. Gl. 215 . imord feda .i. Colman quasi comlān transposition of letters BColm. 6.5 . fidh ┐ deach letter and metrical foot Anecd. v 27 n. 21 . fri fidíu [leg. fidu] ┐ deuchu, IT iii 24 § 3 . reim do fidh for fidh (= alliteration ) Auraic. 805 . dūil feda, the name of a treatise (see 3 dúil) : amal duiruirmi [Fenius] isin Duil Feadha Māir, Auraic. 200 . anmand fidh ... amal fogabar isna Duilibh Fedha inn ogaim, 1199 (= isin Duili F., 4311 ). de dúlib feda na for[f]ed, LL 38b7 ( Auraic. 5417 ), title of tract on the Ogham symbols for diphthongs. See 3 dúil. duili sluinnti ┐ duile feda, Laws i 44.20 .

(e) esp. a vowel, distinguished fr. taebomna `consonant' : fedha ┐ taobomna id est uocales et consonantes , Auraic. 2787 . 393 . f.¤ na filidechta ... ┐ an taophomna docuirither reisin bfiodsin, 3565 . f.¤ in anma prosta, 3567 . feda airegda vowels (dist. fr. forfeda `diphthongs') 1341 . 2870 . 199 . IGT, Introd. 4.16 . (Used inaccurately to include diphthongs) na .x. feadha airegdha, Auraic. 427 . Cf. uillind .i. uilli na fil and .i. dā cnāim nō dā fid, Corm. Y 1282 (see uilen and 2 uillenn).

Compds. ¤ár destruction of trees: uentus maximus co ra la fidhar, AU 856 . AFM iii 38.9 . ventus magnus ... condarsgar fidhár mar isnaib caillibh, AU 891 . co nderna f. 1121 . ¤bla boundary marked by a tree or wood: fidhbla, crich son incoisce bile feada, Laws iv 142.19 Comm. ¤breth judgment concerning timber: n p. fidbretha, Laws i 182.1 . O'D. 931 (< H 3.17, 658b ). g p. fidbreth, Laws iv 168.20 . d p. fidbhrethaibh, Irish Texts iv 26 . ¤buale a wooden enclosure or pen: as a faltaigib ┐ a fidbualtib, LL 265a9 ( MU² 391 ). ¤chat `wooden cat' mouse-trap (< ON tréköttr, Marstrander, Bidrag 46 ) : fidhcat, (gl. muscipula) Ir. Gl. 260 . amal charas in luch biad in ḟidchait, PH 7738 . ¤chóem (adj.) : slega ... fidcaimi with beautiful shafts Cog. 160.26 . ¤chrann wooden shaft; pair of large wooden dividers or reaping tool ( Peritia xv 314, EIF 501 ): ní bhoí rinn ... for gaib ... acht a mbeith mar ḟidhchrannaibh `wooden bars' Cóir Anm. 268 . dias f. Laws iv 310.12 ( Críth G. 178 `a pair of wooden shears', see note), cf. MacNeill, Law of status 291 .

¤chúach

drinking-vessel (the first element may originally have been mid mead) Celtica x 144-45 : mo[i]r beolu fidchōich, TBC-I¹ 395 ; 'as big as the mouth of a wooden drinking-vessel' Celtica x 144 = midchúaich, LU 4882 . samla beolo fidchuaich indara súil do, RC xiv 404.5 .

f. ┐ cú lomna leu, LL 251b44 ( TBFr. 26 ). ZCP iv 44. 32 ; 'a wooden vessel (for water or mead ?)' Celtica x 145-46 . Cf. dias oicfended, otē findliatha ┐ fidcuach cechtar de is mo, TBC-I¹ 2815 ; 'two grey-haired warriors, each carrying a wooden vessel on his back' (reading for muin cech ai) Celtica x 145 .

¤druimm a wooded hill or ridge: oc imt[h]echt ind ḟiddromma, LU 3768 ( SCC 34 ). d p. fiddromandaib, TTebe 696 . ¤fáebar : d p. fidḟaebraib, TBC-LL¹ 2328 (context obscure). Hence adj. ¤fáebrach : fraech ... f. deg-arm, MR 224.14 (epithet prob. refers to the spears of a phalanx.) ¤fogal plunder of woods or timber: Fea fri fidḟogail Fáil, Metr. Dinds. iii 198.3 . ¤gerrtha shaft-slashed: gur bho blogha ... fíodhghearrtha na feadha (of spear-shafts) ML 132.16 . ¤glennach belonging to a wooded valley: epithet of a bull , Metr. Dinds. iii 372.72 . ¤less: g s. Eochaid fírén ḟidliss `of the woodbuilt keep' Metr. Dinds. iv 44.14 ( v 141 ). re mac rígh fega fidhlis, Acall. 1195 (fedha findlis v.l., sic leg.? Stokes). dar Fé cusna fidlessaib (= Mag fea? Cf. ¤fogal) LL 48a22 ( SG 373.13 ). a bhferunn Fhiachach fidhlis, RC xliii 32 § 31 . ¤lestar a wooden vessel: pl. fidlestra, Laws v 406.18 . ¤lethrenn a wooden clog attached to foot of an animal to prevent it from straying: pl. ro scuirit a n-eich ... ┐ ro cuirit a fidletrenda fosta fuithib, Acall. 2803 n . ¤luss tree-herb, shrub: pl. fidlosa BB 309a19 ( Auraic. 5493 - 6 ) = losa feda, see (c) above. ¤nemed a tree which grows on the land of the nemed-person, a sacred tree ( Bechbretha 108-9 ); a sacred wood or grove , but also a tree or grove on church land ( CMCS viii 50 ): acht inni ṡoeras de sin a bheith conad fidh neimhidh e, uair nocon fo aignedh craind ita in [dire] aind side acht fo aigned graid inti iga m[b]ind 'but its being the tree of a sacred person is what increases it, for the penalty there does not depend on the nature of the tree, but on the nature of the rank of the person who owns it' Bechbretha 58 § 15 n. c . racossecrad ... fidneimed do Ióib ┐ a delb in dea isind ḟidnemiud, LL 227a20 ( TTr. 732 ). fidhnemhedh coisrectha dona déibh, CCath. 1768 . fidnemead (.i. fid cilli), Laws v 474.7 ( 476.3 ). dire in fidnemid i 162z Comm . Ard Macha do loscadh eter tigib ┐ dam líag ┐ cloictheach ┐ fidhnemidh, RC xviii 350.12 (Tig.). tene ... do ghabail Aird Macha cona farcaibh dertach ... na fidnemedh ann cen loscadh, AU 995 . pl. fidnemeda na Greci, TTebe 288 . is a fidnemedaib fognitis filid a ngressa, O'Mulc. 830 . Fig. fidhnemed do tṡlegaib urardu re ṅguaillib (of a band of warriors), Acall. 4418 . See neimed. ¤rath, lit. `wood-stock' (legal term): se rath file la Feine ... luathrath. f., etc., O'Curry 878 (< H 3.18, 393b ). fiadrath [leg. fidrath ?]. .i. rath erner hi fid do loingsech, O'Curry 879 (< H 3.18, 394a ) (cf. rath caille .i. rath do loingsech bis a caill, O'Curry 875 < H 3.18, 392b ). ¤slat a wooden rod, wand: pl. fidṡlatta findchuill, TBC-LL¹ 1433 . ¤úall? fid-úal (: gúal) `pride of timber' Metr. Dinds. iv 148.36 . ( ¤uall, fiodhghual v.l.).

Freq. used to form proper names, see Hail Brigit p. 23 n. 20 ; for stable compds. see below (fidbocc, fidchell, etc.).

fo-ceird

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-ceird or dil.ie/22405
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: focertiti, fotcicher, nimchicher, -cuirethar, -la, focress, focreasa, fosci[u]rtsa, focheirt, fodosceirdi, foscerdi, foceirt, faceird, focheird, foceird, focertam, fuchertat, focherdat, focerdat, foscerdded, focherded, fochertitís, focerdaitis, fuscerdam, foncerddam, foceirr, foceirr, facherred, focher[r]ad, fochichur, —foíchur, -cichiur, focicherr, fotcicher, chiuchra, —foicher, focichret, foscichret, fasciugrat, fochichred, —foichred, fochart, focairt, fochartatár, fachartar, focertar, fochertar, fomcertor, focerddar, fucertar, focerdatar, fócerddetar, focherte, focertha, focicherthar, focichertar, —foic[h]ert[h]ar, fochichritar, focres, focress, fochress, focreas, focressa, rochres, rochress, do creasadh, bhacresa, facheirdset, —ar, focherdsat, fochertsat, —cuirethar, —cuiretar, cuirthe, cuire, cure, cuirid, —coirther, —corathar, —corad, —corastar, —corthe, —coirthi, —lá, láim, —raltais, —ral, —rol, —rolur, —ralór, laa, laa, —rala, láis, —rabhais, lam, —roláid, rrálat, rolat, lád, —roltis, róiltis, roláosa, rolaus, rodalláus, rollais, laa, ralasom, láeside, —ralae, corralai, láoi, rālastar, lasid, —ralsid, laset, —rolsat, —ralsat, —ralsatar, lafithir, cuirfithir, coraltar, —ralatar, coralta, rolaad, rollaad, rolathe, roláithea, —lathe, —latha, rolaitea, rosaralta, ralta, F., dofuarat

prototonic forms of this verb are found only in the fut. ( ni focertiti , CCath. 2830 is late, and phonetically irregular. Cf. fotcicher ... nimchicher, cited below, II (a)), in other tenses they are supplied by -cuirethar and -la; the —ro— forms are regularly from -lá both in pres. and past tenses. Cf. focress (.i. rolaad), Hy v 48 ; 72 ; 79 . focreasa .i. rocurid, Lec. Gl. 87 .

Forms: A ind. pres. 1 s. fosci[u]rtsa, Phil. Soc. Trans. 1859, 196 (< H 3.18, 75b ). 2 s. rel. focheirt (gl. seminas) Wb. 13c21 . fodosceirdi; foscerdi, LB 219a19 ; 26 . 3 s. foceirt, Wb. 32c11 . Trip.² 904 . faceird, Ml. 94c8 . focheird, LU 8848 . foceird, O'Mulc. 527 . 1 pl. focertam, Wb. 15b4 . 3 pl. (rel.) fuchertat, Ml. 93a25 . focherdat, LU 8848 . focerdat, O'Mulc. 527 . imperf. 3 s. foscerdded, Rawl. 113a1 . focherded LU 5005 . 3 pl. (rel.) fochertitís, LU 7031 ( BDD 67 ; focerdaitis Y). imperat. 1 pl. fuscerdam, Wb. 34a2 ( Ériu xi 136 ). foncerddam, LL 283a19 . subj. pres. 2 s. foceirr Wb. 13c24 . 3 s. foceirr, Laws v 320x . past 3 s. facherred Ml. 124b3 . focher[r]ad, Corm. Y 323 . fut. 1 s. fochichur LU 5761 (= —iur, TBC-I¹ 1290 ). —foíchur, LL 251b20 ( TBFr. § 24 ). -cichiur, BDC 112.138 . 3 s. focicherr, Ml. 87d6 . fotcicher, LL 147a22 . fo chiuchra , LU 4583 . —foicher, TBC-I¹ 706 (= —focher, LU 5184 ). 3 pl. focichret, RC xxvi 38 § 201 . LU 4462 . foscichret, LL 289b7 - 8 . Cf. fasciugrat, LL 119b26 (rhet.). sec. fut. 3 s. fochichred, LU 5291 . —foichred, 6822 ( BDD 38 ). pret. 1 s. fochart, LU 10987 . 3 s. focairt, TBC-I¹ 3656 . LU 3279 . Ériu ii 33.14 , 15 . 3 pl. fochartatár, LU 1735 ( RC ix 480 : Cf. fachartar, Ml. 64a10 ). Pass. pres. s. focertar, Thes. ii 249.10 . fochertar, LU 5018 (= focherddar, TBC-I¹ 529 . fomcertor, ZCP xv 301§4 . focerddar, Sg. 71a19 . fucertar Wb. 34a2 . pl. focerdatar, Ml. 96c11 . fócerddetar, TBC-LL¹ 6145 . imperf. s. focherte, LL 106b34 . subj. past s. focertha, BDD 85 D (focerta UY). fut. s. focicherthar, LU 7129 ( BDD 81 ). focichertar, IT ii 178.137 . —foic[h]ert[h]ar, ZCP xii 235.16 . pl. fochichritar, SR 8324 . pret. s. focres, Ann. Inisf. 2b8 . focress, Hy v 48 ; 72 ; 79 . LU 4618 . fochress, 7060 ( BDD 72 ; focreas Y). pl. focressa, LU 6924 ( BDD 54 ). The pret. pass. rochres, LL 77b19 ( TBC-LL¹ 2586 ), rochress, LU 6439 . do creasadh, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) ii 73.25 . bhacresa, H 3.17 ; Eg. ( TBC-LL¹ p. 367 ) is by Windisch referred to this verb.

Analogical forms: pret. 3 pl. facheirdset, —ar, TBC-LL¹ 3630 . 3712 . focherdsat, TBC-LL¹ p. 895 n. 11 . fochertsat, Hugh Roe 166.12 (f. 44b) .

B From —cuirethar: ind. pres. 3 pl. —cuiretar, BCr. 32b11 . imperat. 2 s. cuirthe, Ml. 56c5 . cuire, BCr. 32c11 . LU 10821 . IGT, Decl. ex. 460 . cure, LU 4784 . LL 279b17 . 2 pl. cuirid, Wb. 27b11 . subj. pres. 2 s. —coirther, Wb. 10a21 . 3 s. —corathar, Ml. 68b9 . ZCP xi 84.32 (= coradar, LL 294a1 ). past 3 s. —corad, LU 4724 . Metr. Dinds. iv 132.17 . pret. 3 s. —corastar, Ml. 39a3 . LU 4919 . LL 117b34 . TBFr. § 20 . Pass. past subj. s. —corthe, LU 4762 (—coirthe, Eg., —coirthi Y).

C From —lá: ind. pres. 1 s. níro láim , LU 4774 . (?) imperf. pl. 3 —raltais, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 41 § 31 . subj. pres. 1 s. —ral Wb. 7a4 . —rol, LL 251a39 . —rolur, LU 5225 . —ralór, 6875 . 3 s. ro laa , 4740 . mani laa , 4766 . —rala, Wb. 11b21 . Cf. coro láis , LU 1378 (a later -s- formation, like 2 sg. —rabhais ?). 1 pl. coro lam , LU 3781 . 2 pl. —roláid, LU 6874 . 3 pl. co rrálat , LU 6725 ( BDD 21 ; co rolat Y). past subj. 3 s. coro lád , LU 4616 . 3 pl. —roltis, TBC-I¹ 808 = róiltis, LU 5283 . ind. perf. 1 s. roláosa, 4791 ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr., ii 499 , takes this as pres.). rolaus, LL 147a41 . rodalláus, 249b40 . 2 sg. rollais, 251b14 . 3 s. ro laa , Sg. 75a4 . ralasom, Tur. 80 . ro láeside , LU 2928 . —ralae, Ml. 90c17 . corralai, LL 260b14 . ro láoi , IGT, Introd. § 4 . rālastar (: at-āgastar `feared') ACC 56 Comm. 2 pl. ro lasid , Wb. 15d1 . —ralsid, 15a1 . 3 pl. ro laset , Thes. ii 343.43 . roláiset, LU 7032 . —rolsat, Ml. 16d2 . —ralsat, Rawl. 164a48 . —ralsatar, Metr. Dinds. iv 144 . Pass.: fut. lafithir, BDD 81 Eg ( RC xxii 179 n. 13 ; cf. cuirfithir ib. n. 14 ). pres. subj. s. coraltar, LL 269a16 . pl. —ralatar, Laws iv 206.14 . past s. coralta, ScM. § 5 (corolatha; co ro lathea v.l.). perf. ind. s. rolaad, Wb. 13d9 . Sg. 153b6 . rollaad, Ml. 29c1 (second a over line). 44d2 . YBL 212b39 . cor laud, LB 60b31 . pl. rolathe, Rawl. 73b31 . roláithea, Fél. Prol. 41 (—láithe, —lathe, —latha v.l.). rolaitea, Fél.² clvii 7 . Cf. rosaralta (= frisa ralta ?), Ériu viii 156.22 . Vn. 1 cor, q.v.

I

(a) sets, puts, places (with FOR, I N-, IMM, etc.): focertar ... it bois is laid on thy palm Thes. ii 249.10 . fuchertat a laim íarna cúl who put their hand behind their back Ml. 93a25 . focairt dī lāim ima bráigit embraces him ZCP viii 311.14 . foceirtt lamae fair lays hands upon him Mon. Tall. § 66 . ní for fírduine rolaset a ṅgona `inflicted their wounds' (ref. to: in fer fordacorsatar | goíta, Hy v 66 ), Thes. ii 343y . benaid ... a cethri cinnu díb ┐ focheird for ceth[e]ora benna na gabla, LU 4799 . focherd in láech ... lossa ┐ lubi íci ... i cnedaib ... Con C. applies 6341 . focherdat i ndabaig; ... in dabach aile in ro lád, 5201 . is aire sein rolathe na da mac for Tibir, Rawl. 73b31 . fodosceirdi ... it beolu na mírenda `these morsels thou must put in thy mouth' MacCongl. 97z . focheird cach fer a brat immáraile, LU 7542 ( BDD 107 ). focheird fáthi n-imbi, LU 5748 . foruapratar ... in cathraig co ro lasat faithe fiangaiscid impe, Anecd. ii 54 § 16 . dolluid nél solas imme co corustar a beolu for talmain , LB 146a19 . alterutro .i. ní alteroutro ... issechtar rolaa a dilledchi ní immedón `'tis outside he has put (exposuit) its declinability, not in the middle [i.e. not `altero utro'] Sg. 75a4 . ni du choscrad in tempuil storidi ralasom `that He has put it' Tur. 80 (or does this belong to II? Cf. III). Iar mac N. ro láoi íarmbérla san nGaoidhilg, IGT, Introd. § 4 . ro láiset láma do, ┐ ron ergabsat, PH 3101 . Cf. frim gruad corcra ma chora | dom ruacht bochta fombera, Auraic. 5342 (`auch wenn ich Purpur auf meine Wange bringe' Thurn., ZCP xvii 292 ). F.¤ FOR AIRD displays, exhibits: na clesrada ... focheird Fer d. bar aird, TBC-LL¹ 3748 (= tuc St). 3757 (= cuiris a n-airde St). Cf. rolaiset na lama co lanard risna lannaib raised their hands aloft with the blades (?) Ériu viii 44.35 . plants, sows: mad grainne cruithnechte foceirr, Wb. 13c24 . conasrolaside (conid roláas v.l.; leg. condarolaside) isna hinadaib in robo dóig leis a nn-ás, Ériu iv 150 § 29 . ro-hairedh in mag ┐ rolaad sil cruithnechta ann, YBL 212b39 (= Ériu v 114 ). Of pitching (a tent), throwing up (a pile, mound), erecting, etc.: focress a phupall ... for Ailill, LU 4618 (= do A., TBC-LL¹ 390 ). focherdat a puiple icond áth sin, LU 5524 . do creasadh a phuball for an aird-rí, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) ii 73.25 . card ... fochertitis in tan ba n-orgain. carnd roláiset ... in tan sin they used to make a cairn ... (etc.) BDD 67 ( LU 7031 ). focherte a ḟert ┐ a lecht ┐ a lie, LL 106b34 ( Ériu iv 26 ). rolad a fert ┐ a llia la C., Ériu v 213.122 . tairsiu ... coraltar mo ḟertsa latt, LL 269a16 ( ZCP iii 3 ; coro altar, coro claidter v.l.). focres a fert ann, Ann. Inisf. 2b8 . ro ladh a lia ┐ a lecht ... ar Muig Rein, Fen. 140.1 . tri liic ... Conall C. roda lā `placed them' Ériu viii 156.29 . cuma damh ... cibe focher trillsi treph raises wicker dwellings CS 610 = RC xvii 168 (Tig.), Bruchst. i § 90 (see trilis). For: rolād trā a gāir guba ┐ a ḟert ┐ a lia, Ériu i 120 § 13 , cf. (h).

(b) throws, casts, often of missiles: sís fucertar cech ingor suas fuscerdam ni, Wb. 34a2 . corralsat sis anchoram, Thes. ii 328.41 ( Hy v Comm. ) = co ro laiset sís a n-ingir, IT i 39 (< LB 82 marg. inf.). amal focerdatar saichtea for naimtea, Ml. 96c11 . focherd ... G. saigit forsin anmunna, PH 6304 . fochairt a chroísig forro, LU 3281 . fogabatside in n-id focheird [focheard TBC2] Cú C. ... Fír ol F. Cu C. rodla, 4732 ; 4741 . ní théssid secce conda rala nech úaib co n-áenláim, 4809 . bágais Cu C. ... fochichred cloich as a thábaill forru, 5291 . nochon ḟetur ... ní frisi corthe in t-id `I know not ... anything for which the withe should have been thrown' LU 4762 . fucaird L. liic talma dō `cast a sling-stone at him' RC xii 100 § 135 . fochartatár íarom bunsaig ... isa leth i mbátár na finna, LU 1736 . focherded a líathróit ┐ focherded a loirg ina díaid, 5005 . cía focerta míach ... fora mulluch `though a sackful ... were flung on his crown' 6821 ( BDD 38 ). f¤ saile spits : fo-cresa saile (MS saili) ... i n-einech dúilemon 'the face of the Creator was spat upon', Blathm. 191 ​. focheird a saili forsin n-ailig = projecit Lat. Lives 57 . fochairt [a luathred] i n-alt in maro, LU 1725 . Cf. fo[ci]chiur (?) an īch issan sāile I will throw the salmon Anecd. i 73 § 207 (= nan-cuirer, v.l. ruscurius, RC x 88.11 ). ro láithea for bíastaib `they have been cast to wild beasts' Fél. Prol. 41 . With cognate acc., or advb.: fochichursa aurchor dait, LU 5761 . tuc som a láim fon deil cliss dó ┐ focheird rout n-urchair úad TBC-LL¹ 1270 . focairt imroll missed his aim LU 3279 . ni focertiti imroll les, CCath. 2830 . F.¤ IMMUDU, IMMACH throws away, loses: is cor roda lláus immudu it is a cast wherewith I cast it away, i.e. I have lost it TBFr. § 13 . fon-rollassat immach a lloeg they lost her calf Irish Texts i 7 § 24 . frithe ... sleibe, da trian do fir fodngaib ┐ aentrian ... do neoch foceirr amach, Laws v 320x . F.¤ CRANNCHOR (CRANN), F.¤ AR C. casts lots: rollaad crannchur foir, Ml. 29c1 . focres crandchor forro dús cía díb lasa ragtha i tossoch, LU 6879 ( BDD 47 ; —creasa Y). co rolaset chrandchor inter se, Thes. ii 328.41 ( Hy v Comm = co ro laiset sortem, LB 82 marg. inf.). roláiset cranncur cia dib dia roised in flaithius ar tus, D IV 2, 77 [71]rb10 . focerdar crann eturru dus cia de beres ..., Laws iv 172.9 . focerdat crann iman agh mbeo dus ci ..., 102.11 . co rolaa ar crandchar and cia dia teccema a coimet, YBL 156a23 . See crann and crannchor. Cf. berar mucc ┐ ag ... dóib, ┐ apar friu a mmunter féin da n-irgnam dóib. foscichret i crandchor, RC xiii 444w ( LL 289b8 ).

(c) casts down, overthrows: dobeirsi dí láim friu ... conda ral[a] fón ṅglend pitched them into the valley LL 279b20 ( SG 414 ). Cf. doriacht Cethern ... acus focress in dunad ┐ in longphort foraib ┐ noṅgonand cach imme, TBC-LL¹ 4261 (= fosnobairside iarum tresin dūnad ┐ gontaiseom sochaidi, TBC-I¹ 2761 ). F. TAR CEND upsets, prostrates: is mór ríg ralā dar cend, Hail Brigit § 20 . atnagat a ṅgol ... co corastar na daíni ... tar cend, TBFr. § 20 . ro láiset ... a tech tar a cend, LU 1507 ( MU² 1003 ). Cf. fosceird dar a cend ┐ sí marb she falls down dead LL 117a29 (= RC viii 62 ). Cf. II for constr. Fig. is e ro lá dar cend ar forcetulne PH 1686 .

(d) F.¤ A, DE throws off, expels; drops, sheds: rolaad cech alt as a choir dam (gl. totus resolutus sum a campage membrorum) Ml. 44d2 . amal foceirt nech a aetach de Wb. 32c11 . foceirt a chocal de throws off his cowl Trip.² 904 . focertam fíal diínn, Wb. 15b4 . cuirid díib in nere se (gl. deponite ... de) 27b11 . (of a bull:) fochéird de na tri .l. mac nobitís oc cluchiu fair, LU 5330 . .xx. fer focherd de expelled 5819 . foceird a athair mac ingor a horba (.i. ada cuirid ... as in fearand), Laws iii 52.17 . faceird dia aicniud drives him from his nature (gl. perturbat) Ml. 94c8 . focicher don nirt i ttá `will hurl him from the power in which he is' BNnÉ 307 § 29 . is and roláset na bae a n-adarca díb LL 166a18 (= oralsat, BB 408a44 . con rallsat, Dinds. 123 ). cor lasat a n-adarca `till they cast their horns' Dinds. 16 . (cf. and sin ro chuirset na búair a mbenda, Metr. Dinds. iv 224 ). See also (e). is and rola C. in cennidi dia chinn, ScM. 15 . do láoi don chróisigh a ceann | gearr do bháoi an cróisin gan chrann, IGT, Decl. ex. 577 . F.¤ TAR: focheird úir da luib taris (of a bull ploughing up the earth with its hooves) TBC-LL¹ 1490 . Similarly: fócerddetar in n-úir thairsiu 6145 .

(e) puts forth, emits, sends out: focertar fíadain leó are sent with them LU 8869 ( FB 66 ). na rre ... focerdat in bech saithe `when the bees send out a swarm' Laws iv 172.13 (glossed: i cuirid beich ... uaithib). focherdsat na draoithe gaotha draoidhechta ina ndéoidh, Leb. Gab.(i) i 254z . do neoch fo-cheard doman de `all that earth brings forth' Ir. Review 1912, 248 . an dā each ... rolasett fa sech ri sliab, BColm. 90.4 . rolaad gairm escaire for naomaib hErenn `a call was made on' 54.21 . cuire huait, BCr. 32c11 (gl. tolle opp. to adde). Cf. di[a]ndrala huait CXVIII dofuarat latt ... (gl. tolle Kalendas, remanent CXX) Bvi 74 (`subjektlos,' hence 3 s., Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 499 ). gur láoi ioth, KMMisc. 168 § 5 .

Cf. focress di grán, mass a méin (om. comma and render: its ore was sent from a goodly grain ?), Metr. Dinds. iii 120.16 .

(f) launches (a boat): rolaisead a curach for muir, RC xxvi 136 § 8 . Cf. focerd a luing ... sech Eirinn soir `steered his vessel' Lism. L. 252 .

(g) In various figurative senses corresponding to above: ní rolsat som cumachtae ṅDé diib did not cast off the power of God Ml. 16d2 . focertar side ... hi selbad ind fir sin `is thrown into the possession of' 30c3 . i n-oena focerddar ┐ dofuasailgther cach áram (gl. omnes numeri ex [singulari] componuntur) Sg. 71a19 . is illeith Duid ... focert a n-ugturras refers (ascribes) their authorship to D. Hib. Min. 4. 131 . nach breth dobeirthe co Conn, foscerdded Conn cucisum, Caratnia § 1 . ro lá gach oman de, Leb. Gab.(i) i 198y . cach eccomnart ... romfarraid ... ro laas dīm fom cumhang, BNnÉ 301.2 . raráid A. ná curfed P. de in n-athis ... coro ralad tria chath ... do denam fri Grécu, LL 228a34 ( TTr. 818 ). in feil bis for luan focertar for mairt the feast ... is transferred to Tuesday LB 9b46 ( Rule of Tallaght § 10 ). o atraracht Crist a bás rolaad in cháisc iarom for dómnach was transferred to Sunday KMMisc. 146.5 . abbair fris, ní corathar a ḟlaith eter rindi gaí, ZCP xi 84.1 . foncerddam il-leth ar Tigernai let us entrust ourselves to our Lord LL 283a19 . Lism. L. viii . nícon béosa fot chumachta-su bas ire diandum roib forsa rol mo greis, TBFr. § 22 (`if I have anyone under whose protection I may put myself' Ériu xi 94 ). Cf. forollat for do greiss that have come [? put themselves ?] under thy protection Ériu viii 173.18 . See Mary Byrne, Ériu xi 94 ff . rolāsett each an dru[i]th ... for greis in aesa imthruimm, BColm. 90.5 . Cf. rotog ... gach dechnebar dib a menmarc do naemuib E., ┐ rolaiset fora muinteras ... ┐ rolaiset forro ainecrus a n-indtige ┐ a n-imtechta co toirsitis E., Lism. L. 2073 . do neoch doraega ┐ ro laí ina muinteras, LU 1393 (cf. II below). rolaite for coindmed cach naidchi they were quartered out every night YBL 209b46 ( Ériu v 236 ). focerd a n-oman cach tuaith `it casts every tribe into dread' Fianaig. 12 § 19 . ma cuaird focheird a toimsi it is measured by the circumference SR 169 = ima cuairt ... focert a tomus, Laws i 28.25 . rolasid súil torunn you have taken our measure Wb. 15d1 . 15a1 . ní ro láim súil toraib isind fid `I cannot cast my eye over them' (i.e. cannot see them all together) LU 4774 . tíagait ... co rolsat súil tairsiu ┐ ba dírim leó in slúag, 3782 ( SCC 35 ). Cf. o ralathur suil dar cach, Ériu ii 229 § 8 . focheird airdmius forsin lorg makes an estimate of LU 4788 . roláosa ... fomus forsa nī sin, 4791 . Mael S. ... focheird síth ima sen-mag `spreads peace' Metr. Dinds. i 44 . With DO of person: offers, grants (to): cid dam focerdta roga | nogegainn mo choimthoga if I were given my choice ZCP vi 267 § 11 . focres rogu do Mug Ruith do thírib Muman viii 314.19 . ro lád roga dóib, LU 8720 ( FB 54 ). With FOR of pers. lays, imposes (on); bestows (on): rolā cāin forsna clanna, Hy i 52 ( Thes. ii 306 ). cáin Patraic ... fucres for cach claind, Trip. 214.1 (2518) . turfochruic flathu foceird for doim `which he grants to an indigent person' (one of the seven bestowals not recoverable by distraint) Laws v 264.16 . rolá bricht forru cast a spell over them Metr. Dinds. iii 388.27 . F.¤ COMAIRLI takes counsel; plans: focres comairli ic lucht na cathrach cidh dogentais, CCath. 920 . focressá comairle léo cinnus dogendais ..., 130 . Cf. focresa cro comairle ┐ cindti comraid ac macaib S. Ériu viii 56.9 . F.¤ COR, CUAIRT turns, twists, makes a stir; goes round; visits; searches: nocon foicher cor dia chind riut will not turn his head towards thee TBC-I¹ 706 (= focher, LU 5184 ). na curid cor díb do not stir LL 259b20 ( IT i 67 ). focheird C. cor n-íach n-eirred de, LU 9119 ( FB 87 ). focerd Fergus cor conidralai for tech mbecc, IT i 144.4 (= do lá F. cuairt, ZCP v 501 . Cf. luid C. ┐ B. du chur cúarta fofúaratár óentech, LU 10579 ). focherd a suilchor issin tig casts a glance ib. IT i 144.16 (= foceird luathchor dá sūil isin tigh, ZCP v 501 ). oral cúairt fuiribsi that I may visit you Wb. 7a4 . asbert M. ... ar a n-indled a noi carpti dí coro lád cor isin dúnud, LU 4616 . regmai coro lam cor imón slúag, 3781 . ro lá curu in gaeth ... im Inber ..., Otia ii 82 . coro lá cor immán rigthech, LU 8381 ( FB 25 ). luid ... corralai cor imma techsom, LL 260b14 ( IT i 74 ). fochichret cuaird in domuin will go round SR 8088 . cia leith focheird a chainchuaird, 1198 . rolá cúairt hÉrend fo thrí `he made the circuit of Erin thrice' Metr. Dinds. i 16.30 . Cf. fochress cach cúaird imm alaile don díbeirg fri éitsecht in scéoil arranged themselves in concentric circles LU 7060 ( BDD 72 ). See 1 cor, 1 cúairt. focheird cor tra do menmannaib araile cid foruair, etc., the minds of some are exercised by the question, what caused LB 212a66 ( Alex. 1014 ). F.¤ COR makes a contract or agreement: cor focerdcar [sic] seach aga fine `a covenant made without the knowledge of the chief' Laws iv 60.12 . cor foceird baeth fri gaeth, iii 6.19 . dā cor focerdaiter fri hechlacha, iv 58.24 Comm . nach cor ... focerdtar for aes forngaire, ZCP xiii 23.23 ( Bürgschaft 11 § 37 ). inge secht n-uasalchuru nadat asu do thaithbiuch neochma rolatar [sic leg., ZCP xvi 271 ], Laws iv 210.2 . fo bith nand asu dichenglad cor mbel inneochma ralatar, 206.14 . coro-lasat a curu bliadain fri D., Dinds. 22 = BB 363a6 . With ellipse (cf. i): flaith foceird fri anflaith, Laws v 358.7 (expld. in Comm. p. 360 as one who accepts stock from an unlawful or extern chieftain). Cf. focerd fri flaith n-eachtrunn, ii 286.5 Comm . Similarly: focerd a mainche fri eagluis (= makes a contract of service with? See mainche) iii 68.5 . Eochaid mac O. focheird cuindlic [ = cuindilc] ┐ a hocht brathair E. and his eight brothers make a pact Anecd. iii 61.15 . focartatar coindi[l]c ib. 30 . ┐ focheird a ḟoesam ┐ a oentaid fris, Fél. 132.25 (see fáes(s)am). cach cor ... cach idnucul focertur forsna urgurtuib sa (.i. cuirither resin lucht ro urgairustur dligedh cunnrud do denum), Laws ii 290 ( ZCP xiv 376 ). Cf. is mōr ríg frisrala cor currech Corpri ... `whom the Curragh of C. has overthrown' [? to whom ... has plighted itself] Hail Brigit § 16 . F.¤ BEDG makes a leap, jumps, springs: focheird bedg cuce springs at him LL 260a41 ( IT i 72.19 ). rola Cu Ch. bedg de tresin mbudin, LU 1517 ( MU² 1015 ). focherdat in miolcoin bedg i mBrei, TBFr. § 5 . focheird Cu Ch. tri bidcu ina ndíaid, LU 5795 . See bedg, and cf. do-cuirethar. Cf. ni fuailfed focheird inti | luaithred M. `no motion in it made the ashes of M.' Metr. Dinds. ii 62.5 . F.¤ SCÍS rests: arrallsat scis a tig rig, YBL 13a21 ( Snedg. u. Mac R p. 12 ). Cf. lotar hi tír do chor a scísi, Trip.² 376 .

(h) of sounds, noises: utters, makes; raises (a shout, cry): focherdat ... gāir foa cheer him LU 8849 ( FB 64 ). focheird osnaid sighs LL 371a8 . ro lasat gáir mesca 259b15 ( IT i 67 ). biasta ... fochichret gaire garga SR 8060 . focherd srainn snores BS § 27.1 . focerd ilach cheers Laws i 244.6 Comm. focertitis ualla mora ┐ grithghairi `uttered great yells and howls' RC xiv 46.2 . baili i ralsat Gaill grithgair, Rawl. 164a48 = ait i rrollsat G. crithgair, LL 185a44 ( Arch. Hib. ii 85 ). roláadh gáir móir and, TTr.² 1640 . dia ralsatar fíanna faíd `raised a cry' Metr. Dinds. iv 144 . focheird fáid ... cloc bind, Auraic. 5131 . foceird fit ... frissin n-escmogin hisses at O'Mulc. 527 . Cf. for braigtib rig foceird feit (of a sword) LU 1042 ( ACC 101 ) = LU 9673 ( ZCP iii 214 ). fochartatar a ndord n-impi, LU 7850 ( BDD 141 ). a ngloim ro lásat na tri .l. curach oc tuidecht hi tír (the noise they made) LU 6935 ( BDD 55 ). Here perhaps f.¤ grith: (of weapons on a rack:) ro lásat grith co mbátár for lár in tige, LU 6936 ( BDD 55 ). (of swords, etc. tossed by a juggler:) fochartatár grith immi co mbátar for lár in tige, LU 7560 , 7568 ( BDD 109 , 110 ). foceird armgrith mór a rrígthech the house clattered (?) LU 8203 ( FB 15 ). (of a regiment:) an armgrith rolāsad oc teacht ind rēimme, TBC-I¹ 3221 . fochertar armgrith mór leo .i. mac sethar ind ríg do folmaisiu a báis, LU 5018 . rola Temair tri crithu [leg. grithu ?] di ┐ rolaiset na sluaigh ... ┐ roláset primdingnai Erenn uile, Anecd. ii 7.19 . Cf. f.¤ dírna, below, III.

(i) performs, executes, wages: f.¤ cath, etc.: fochartatar ... an [leg. na] coin cocluiche `the hounds had a coursing-match' RC xii 72 § 43 . secht catha raláe ma thīr, LL 44b33 (= ro ládh mun tir, 380b41 ). desin rolád ... in cath for fál F. `hence was fought ... the battle at the fence of F.' Metr. Dinds. iii 346.97 . gur laoi is Oilill cath Cláraigh GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 168 . With FOR of defeated side: in cath ... rolá for leith Chuind, Metr. Dinds. iii 200.17 . With FRI of opponent: co róiltis glied fris, LU 5283 . Cf. anaid sund ... conid rolursa frisin fer n-ucut till I tackle that man LU 5225 . mad comáes nod corad fris `had it been his match in age who opposed him' Metr. Dinds. iv 132. 17 . DO: focerd gliaidh do Aen. 2505 . Cf. focichret for collaib coin congala, RC xxvi 38 § 201 . co rrálat a ndíbeirg for firu Alpan, LU 6725 (`that they may wreak their rapine on the men of A.', Stokes, BDD 21 ). co rrólsat a ndibeirg lais, LU 6729 ( BDD 22 ). f.¤ ár (with gen. of obj.) slaughters; overthrows in battle: fochiuchra for tiugára, LU 4583 (= con curfe, TBC-LL¹ 290 ). focerddat a n-ár ┐ marbait in ríg, LL 242b5 ( TTr. 1910 ). cor muidh for Gallaib ┐ cur ládh a n-ár, RC xvii 351.20 (Tig.). co rolládh a n-ár etir ergabail ┐ marbadh, 355.26 (Tig.). rosceastar sliabh nEthna sruaim tened ... gu ro lae ar daini ┐ cethra ann, CCath. 854 . co ráemid for Gúari corro lad ár cend and LU 9605 . focerdded ār ceann and, BB 428b29 . Cf. co rolad ár mór dib and, Ann. Inisf. 19a14 (988) .

II Used to take the place of an intrans. vb. of motion.

(a) in older lang. in impers. constr., often with inf. pron. obj. (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 310 ff .): facheirt in alios sonos `it puts itself [ = passes] into other sounds' Sg. 4b6 . fosceird dar a cend ┐ sí marb she falls down dead LL 117a29 (cited above, I c). This is evidently the same construction as that in: arnach corathar immoth ... dia seirc that he may not become stupefied from love of them Ml. 68b9 . Cf. dia corastar Saul foir isin nuaim i mboí when S. chanced upon him Ml. 39a3 . bec nacham ralae i nderchoíniud I almost despaired 90c17 . (Cf. becc náchimrala húathbás, BDD 87 Y, where DEU omit becc). ni foichred cnoi díb for lár not one nut would fall LU 7329 ( BDD 97 ; ni rossed cnú díb lár, Eg.). focerd F. cor conidralai for tech mbecc ann, IT i 144.5 . foscerd iarsin i n-araile indsi `they land' RC x 72 (foscairt v.l.). foscerd do inis they come to an island Anecd. i 56 § 45 ; fosceirt, 59 § 74 . dochuamar a tir sunna, ronla a nuaim in Ciclopdai `we landed here and went into the Cyclops cave' Aen. 154 . is and rolasi co Cathbath, LL 259b26 . YBL 109b37 ( IT i 68 ; rolaad sí, Eg.). foscerd ... imonsech fo c[h]osmailess luathrinde they are whirled round (of three opposing sea-currents) Corm. Y 323 . nosuighfedh cid Erind focher[r]ad ind, ib. fotcicher i súan | nimchicher i súan thou wilt fall asleep. I will not LL 147a22 ( PRIA iii 548 ). nach duine rodacuala son foscerded i cess, LL 126a18 . focerd E. i ces a ben do eludh `it grieved E. that his wife had eloped' Ériu xii 188.7 . foscichreth uili i ndāssacht, Ériu ii 136.1 . amal snechtae fosceird i robāne `which is cast into great whiteness' 130 § 99 . fosceird iar sen a muir naill, YBL 6b45 (= focheirdat ass iar sein hi mmuir n-aill LU 1887 ; see section b below). foscerdsom ína cotludh they fall asleep YBL 5a21 = fochairt inna cotlud, LU 1801 . Cf. srethius fair ... in slig conid rallá ina chomsudiu, LU 5148 . rolá didiu i socht ... Mac D. Mac D. became silent ScM. 3 . roslá i socht na hUlto, 9 (= rolá socht mór forra R). focherd A. i serg de A. falls into a wasting sickness LU 10730 (TÉ). ge robatar longphorta slog in domain i n-athfoccus don tigh sin ni rolae tigerna in tige i snimh ... uair ni rabattar ... innmassa occo, CCath. 3337 . is ann sin ro láa [rogabsat; ro ba v.l.] curudha ... for tocbháil a fedhma catha, CCath. 2016 (cf. section c). Cf. ni rola imroll mo urchur cussindiu, LU 3281 .

Exceptionally to express completion of action: ic coistecht fris dóib uile coro láis in tasfénad sin do dénam, LU 1378 (= con roisc, LL 280b32 , corroisc, YBL 120b25 ). Cf. rolāi dí had achieved ' Fianaig. 46 § 9 .

(b) Somet. with reflex. inf. pron.: foscerdat inna buidne form ranks LU 4684 , cf. ro lasat i ndrungo ... ┐ buidne, BB 414b10 . Cf. TBC-I² 246 n. 211 .

(c) hence as intrans. vb. denoting indefinite motion (though some of the following may be corruptions really belonging to section a). lit. and fig.: is and fochichersom ar gním n-aithergaib [sic leg.] `he will resort to' BDD 102 c , (cf. CCath. 2016 cited in section a). focicher crú tria chnessaib blood will burst through skin (?`ich werde Blut ... springen lassen' Wi.) TFerbe 648 . focertat i suan co cenn tri la fall asleep RC xiv 46.17 (cf. YBL 5a21 cited in section a). focherddat Ulaid chuci, LL 124a25 ( Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 6 ). focerd C. a magh mor a aenur `C. found himself on' [went in to ?] IT iii 195.3 . focherd i tracht romra comes to (= anchors in) Anecd. ii 15 § 8 . focerd in long i roibi S. ┐ lenaid for carraic ` struck ' Aen. 1010 . focairt chos in Duind C, ar adairc a chele alighted TBC-I¹ 3656 . focaird forsin cuanlocht na mac tíre came upon the wolf-pack ZCP viii 310.40 . Cf. ar chribais il-leirg ... daceird [focheird v.l.] [my dog] comes upon a pig (?) IT i 162.4 ( LL 208a12 ). fochard and Morrigan ... do tascc an catha `proceeded to proclaim' RC xii 108 § 166 .

Cf. rolaus cian i cein | ar do charait i mbrōn, LL 147a41 ( PRIA iii 548 . Supply cuairt ?).

III In the following idiomatic constructions

(a) with AR (cf. II): ni áil dúib á iarfigid arna rala for cubus áiri lest it distress your conscience Wb. 11b21 (Thes. takes `for' as prep., comparing: act ni roib ní for cocubus, 30a16 ). focerd a chubus som ar tomailt torith na muindtiri `he exercised his conscience about eating the produce' Mon. Tall. 77 . ni ralá do cless n-airiut cosinnocht never troubled (?) thee LU 7562 ( BDD 109 ). ní arná corad mo chiall | arna fordulu no tíag it is not that my mind heeds not the strayings (= that I am not acting intentionally ?) LU 4724 . Michél ... focheird mo menma airi `M. ... my mind is set on him' Ériu ii 92.6 .

(b) In the following the vb. seems transitive: focairddsi menmain for in gilla set her heart on RC xxv 346 § 2 . ní foíchiursa mo menmain for óclach n-aile, TBFr. § 24 . ro láeside menmain fora macsom, LU 2928 . Cf. ráthaigis E. aní sin ┐ focheird a menmain airi she considered it (= was puzzled by it ?) LU 10743 .

(c) focerd dano menma in coca thairis cur bhá slan a sechtmain the cook forgot him (?) till a week passed Lism. L. 1997 .

(d) f.¤ for weighs on, grieves, vexes: na cuirid fortsu sin ... uair fogebum uili in t-olc sin grieve not for that BB 445a37 ( Mer. Uil. 10 ). ralágh [prob. for ro-lá] ... cumha a banchéle for an ríg coma ... imeslān é, ZCP xiii 197.12 . bai aenfer ... fornar laessat na cumscaigthi mora sin `whom those great commotions did not affect' CCath. 1086 . atcuas doséin a mhac do epilt. rolá fair go mór go mbaí hi siurcc, AFM vi 2218.20 . (of rain:) ba moa rolá for muintir Uí D. na frossa ferthana ... inás for ṡlógh an Gh., 2034.2 . ar a mhēd rolā fair gan a ṡlogh dia tharrachtain, Hugh Roe 252.29 (67b) .

ba fou fachart[at]arsom it was for that that they applied(?) it Ml. 64a10 . Cf. ni du choscrad in tempuil storidi ralasom `it is not of the destruction of the ... temple that he has put it (gl. non id ille dixit quod illi dicunt Comm. on Marco P. xiv 58 ) Tur. 80 . ba dō fachairtsam son, ar nicontissed aridisse, RC xi 444.3 (= ba do focerdsom anni sen for Coin C. fodeig arna contissed ..., ZCP iii 247.1 ). (Expl. of cruimther as transl. of premther:) in Bretain ... it ē dorintaiset ┐ is anni as premter dorintaiset. is fair iarom rolaset legnidhe na mB. annīsin: amail is lomm, etc. Corm. Y 211 (= is fáei ... latharsat LB; is foi ... rolasat HM. O'Don., Corm. Tr., renders LB `accordingly the literati of the B. explained it'). ni cian rollā for dāla did not long delay (?) SR 7651 .

(e) f.¤ dírna di = scares (?): fochérd dírna mór din tslóg co luid Medb día chosc, LU 4685 . atracht in slōg uile ara chind ┐ rola dirmae din chath imbi oc teacht isin telaig TBC-I¹ 3288 = ro lá dírna dina cathaib ┐ dina sluagaib ac déscid in láich sin, TBC-LL¹ 5391 . See Hermathena 1931 p. 4 , and cf. f.¤ grith I (h) above.

imdaigid(ir)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imdaigid(ir) or dil.ie/27436

 

Forms: imdaigedar, imdugud

v g (imdae).

I Intrans. abounds, increases, multiplies: doeprannt .i. imdaigitir gl. afluant, Ml. 39d2 . imdaigidir gl. redundat, 71c10 . gl. opimatur, 121b14 . nonimdaigi gl. (singulari) polleas (fortitudine), 88b6 . imdaigedar doib gl. ut ... possit manere certa perfussio, 68b11 . imdaigfid gl. uberabitur, 81c11 . arindni imdaigedar bestata ocus morolus and, Hib. Min. 351. ro imdhaigh in t-ár iarum, CCath. 2004 . cia ro imdaigset na cenela iartain, BB 3a6 . do iomdhaighettar na daoine naomhtha, BNnÉ 113.30 . in tan imdaigid na iiii lenna a n-aenfecht, RC xlix 27.2 .

II Trans.

(a) increases, multiplies: ni rabadar acht da cenela lxx tall in tan ro himdaigthea na berla, BB 3a5 . ro imdaiged tra uimir na cenél, 3a2 . saothraighet bar ccosa | imdaighter bar lossa `let your recompense be multiplied,' BNnÉ 309.6 .

(b) multiplies (in mathematical sense): gébé uair imdaidter nuimir deichtheach trí nuimir comtruim, O'Gr. Cat. 289.27.

Vn. imdugud.

? ind-anich

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? ind-anich or dil.ie/28321

 

Forms: idnusta, idnacht, n-idhnastar, idnacht, indnaicid, idnaicid, idlaicid, idhnaicidh, idhlaici, idnaices, iodhlaicit, idnaigther, iodlaict[h]er, idlaicter, n-inaice, innlaicther, n-iodhlaicfinn, indlaic, iodhnaic, iodhlaic, idhnaicset, iodhnaiceatar, idnaicthea, hidnaicthea, inliged, hiodhnaicthi

v subj. past s. 2 idnusta, ZCP viii 104.6 . pret. s. 3 cor idnacht , SR 6083. Pass. pres. subj. s. i n-idhnastar , Laws iv 268.18 . pret. s. co ro idnacht , Snedg. u. Mac R 9 § 6. Vn. idnacul, q.v. The earliest form of the weak verb, derived from the prototonic stem of the compound and conjugated like a ī-stem, was probably indnaicid. This became idnaicid and, under the influence of the vn., idlaicid. indic. pres. s. 3 idhnaicidh, RC xxiv 62 n. 7 . nach idhlaici , O'Curry 2536 (< Eg. 88, fo. 44d ). rel. idnaices, PH 4004. pl. 3 muna iodhlaicit , BNnÉ 259.27 . pass. s. idnaigther, RC xxiv 180.12 . iodlaict[h]er, ZCP viii 223 § 18. pl. idlaicter, Lism. L. 2813. subj. pres. s. 3 dia n-inaice , O'Curry 2536 (< Eg. 88, fo. 44d ). pass. s. innlaicther, Comp. CC 108.4 . sec. fut. s. 1 nocha n-iodhlaicfinn , DDána 69 § 3. pret. s. 3 ro indlaic , Cog. 132.21 . ro iodhnaic , TFrag. 212.5 . ro iodhlaic , AFM iv 818.5 . pl. 3 ro idhnaicset , Lism. L. 1926. ro iodhnaiceatar , MR 282.3 . pass. s. da idnaicthea , TBC-LL¹ 3595. co ro hidnaicthea , Aen. 2676. gur inliged , O'Gr. Cat. 9a25 (= ro cuireadh slán, AFM iii 282.10 ). pl. ro hiodhnaicthi , AFM ii 936.11 .

bestows, conveys, escorts, delivers: co ro idnacht amal lemnacht `sodass es ausgeteilt wurde wie frische Milch,' Snedg. u. Mac R 9 § 6. atraracht Ionathan ard ... cor idnacht Dauid ... uad co óen na fidbaide, SR 6083. nach cora i n-idhnastar mainib .i. nocha coir idhnacal maíne inn contracts in which goods are delivered ..., Laws iv 268.18 dia ninaice amach é ... is inann ┐ nach idhlaici, O'Curry 2536 (< Eg. 88, fo. 44d ). cach lúib ┐ cach lossa ... ra idnaicthea comraind ... díb dar ath siar d'Ḟir diad, TBC-LL¹ 3591. co ro laad in cend issin fairrge co ro idnacht cech tond fri araile co toracht int inad út, LL 166a11 . in fer ronidnacht the man whom he conveyed, 285a19 . in sét idnaices na firénu co hindlessa na bethad the path that conveys, PH 4004. ar cid bās dobera for cethra iss coitchend dōib, cid dia cinn idnusta a ffīacha is dīlus dō, ZCP viii 104.6 . idhnaicidh ... an cenn dochum a cholla amhail ro gheall, RC xxiv 62 n. 7 . innlaicther misi lat sul thuit[ios] tú féin a taisi bury me? (through confusion with *ad-anich), Comp. CC 108.4 . ro anaicset ┐ ro idhnaicset uatha asin crich ... [é], Lism. L. 1926. an t-iasocht fhuaras do nimh | nocha n-iodhlaicfinn idir I would not deliver it up, DDána 69 § 3. ro hiodhnaicthi iomlán iatt co fiora Mumhan `they were conveyed in safety,' AFM ii 936.11 .

2 ingen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 ingen or dil.ie/28652
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: ingen, inga, ingu, -ingin, hingin, ingni, ingne, hingne, ingine, ingin, ingnea, ingni, ingne, ingní, ingne, ingen, ingean, -ingned, hingnib, inginibh, inga, ionga

n ā, f. n s. ingen, Sg. 46b13 . Laws iv 90.y Comm. inga, Fél.² lxxvii 16. ingu, Laws iii 352.7 Comm. -ingin, Anecd. i 8.7 . a s. go hingin , ZCP xii 387 § 11. g s. ingni, ingne, LU 6551 - 2 . na hingne , Laws iii 352.3 Comm. ingine, iv 146.5 Comm. d s. do ingin , Sg. 217a7 . n p. inna ingnea , Ml. 87b11 . ingni, IT i 120.3 . ingne, BS 32.x. v p. a gerr-ingní , IT iii 102.21 . a p. ingne, i 79.46 . g p. ingen, SR 888. ingean, Anecd. i 38 § 104. -ingned, IGT Decl. ex. 1403. d p. dona hingnib , Gild. Lor. 197 n. d'inginibh , O'Curry 1161 (< H 3.18, p. 461ab ). Mid. Ir. inga, Mod. Ir. ionga. See IGT Decl. § 54. 11 .

(a)

(Of people) a nail (of finger or toe) ; (of birds or beasts) hoof, claw, talon ; a (metal) nail: dona hingnib gl. ung[u]es, Gild. Lor. n.197. cruba, cróga ingne, Sbuir, Eg. Gl. 123. i.¤ ab ung[u]e , O'Mulc. 720. inna ingnea mmoitha gl. tenerae ungulae, Ml. 87b11 . cróa [man. al.] i.¤ `a hoof, a nail,' Sg. 46b13 . do ingin gl. ad ung[u]em, 217a7 . cét n-i.¤ for cach oen baiss, SR 888. ni chorcu m'ingne, IT i 79.46 . inga mor bui fuirri amal ingin chon (explanation of name Coningen), Fél.² lxxvii 16. secht meōir cechtar a dā lām co ngabāil ingni sebaicc co forgobāil ingne griūin ar cach nāi fo leith dīb, TBC-I¹ 2036. lon Droma Seghsa ... | fúair bás i crobaib m'ingean (Hawk of Achill speaking), Anecd. i 38 § 104. congeil i.¤ fri fiacail `a nail rates with a tooth,' Laws iv 90.y Comm. ma ro benad barr a meoir o bun na hingne, iii 352.3 Comm. mas o duban suas ro benad de a ingu, eiric bain beime ann, ocus ingu eit don timpanach ar son aithgina `if it was from the black upwards his nail was cut off him ... and a wing-nail (shall be given) to the harper by way of compensation,' 352.7 Comm. caithchi cethra tra ... caitche a n-ingine, ocus caitce a n-adhairce the trespasses of their hooves ..., iv 146.5 Comm. ingni corcra córi cruindgéra lé, TBC-LL¹ 212. go ro bertsatar ingni na tarb ferchubat fir i talmain é arna bás, 6155 . ō mullach mo baisti go hingin mo coisi, ZCP xii 387 § 11. do ráinig tríd an móin ...gan ingne a eachadh dfhliuchadh, ii 556.11 . asbert in rí a chorp uile do scerdiud o ingnib iairn, LB 279a53 . Hirusan atach n-ingne .i. in uair bis in luch isin froighidh ni bi aigi-sium acht gabail da ingnibh don froighidh `the attack of claws,' Tromd. Guaire 738 - 40 . níor deargadh le hingnibh each | ... do leirg dtonnbháin, DDána 68 § 4. ná bí gan ionga a gcúl do chomharsan, Gadelica i 128.615 . cosa ... con n-ingnibh lángera leoganda, Stair Erc. 1237. ag gearradh an ghaiste dá ngobaibh ┐ dá n-ingnibh, TSh. 3910. giodh bé ar bhith roinneas a n-ionga `whatsoever parteth the hoof,' Levit. xi 3. In phr. ingen forbairte (?) (disease) quittor (?): d’eslainte cos tosuigh na n-ech ... inga forbairte , Celtica ii 34 § 9 , cf. 50 § 12 . don ingin forbairte. ┐ is maith a’ leiges air a fennad ┐ a nighi d’fual brén go cenn 3 la ł 4, ┐ a nighi d’fhúal úr o tsin amach. ┐ is maith a’ leiges air a losgad ina tighib fiara ┐ a nighi d’fual bren gach laei o tsin amach 'concerning inga forbairte [? quittor]. A good treatment for it is to lance [?] it, and wash it with stale urine for three or four days, and wash it with fresh urine from that on. Another good treatment is to burn it in transverse lines and afterwards to wash it daily with stale urine' 38 § 15 , ( 52 § 18 ). But cf. don ída forbaide (furbuigi, v.l.) .i. eslainti fhasas ar na hechaib os cinn a n-ingin, Celtica xvii 115 § 6 .

As npr. : I.¤ ┐ Ette (names of two birds), IT iii 243.248 .

Legal : ingen ar méraib the name given to descendants beyond the son of the great great grandson, i.e. collateral kin beyond the third cousins ( BBCS xxxvii 138 n. 6 ): ite fine cacha tuaithe, geilfine, deirbfine ... glasfine, i.¤ ar meraib, Laws iv 282.z . i.¤ ¤ ar meraib ... dedlaid fri fine, conranna-side finnteda on med addaimther i fini `it separates from the family, but it obtains a share of the family land, inasmuch as it is acknowledged as of the family,' 286.1 . is si in derbhfine amuil ro gabh bruinne in duine ... ┐ is í in innfine amuil ro gabhsat na da. dorn, ┐ isí in i.¤ ar a méruibh amuil ro gabhsat méra ┐ ingne, O'D. 548 (< H 3.17, c. 436 ). óthá athair ┐ mac co senathair for cūlo ┐ frithrusc a frithisi coruici i.¤-ar-mēraibh, Ériu i 215.17 . Somet. found without `ar méraib' : cion brathar for brathair ... ┐ cion indua for innua, ┐ cin ingne (.i. a da mac side) for ingin, O'Curry 2293 (< Eg. 88, fo. 22aa ).

(b) a clove of garlic: mad fir-caindend, se hingni dec cacha bairgine `if it be real garlic there are sixteen cloves to each cake,' Laws v 40.11 . dobretha mid ┐ ingne lossa di co ndeirgenae a ruidiud `mead and cloves of leeks were given to her until she blushed,' RC xx 284.13 (ACC). ingne gairleoige do berbadh ar uisge, 23 K 42, p. 354.4 - 6 .

COMPDS. ¤bóthur hoof-track: ar slicht in tṡluaig ┐ i n-ingenbothur na tánad, TBC-LL¹ 4930. ¤chruinn having rounded nails: bas i. fa cael croind | Mael finnEchlainn cas Conoill, Irish Texts ii 10 § 31 . having rounded hoofs: le heach n-i., L. Cl. A. B. 99.170 . ag ríadh sdéd n-ingeanchruinn n-óg, IGT Decl. ex. 1689. ¤derg having red nails: sduadh inghin-dearg abhramhall, DDána 49 § 12. ¤ḟota : Aimirgin ingen-fota .i. di ingin foda buí foru meor, O'D. 412 (< H 3.17, col. 314 ). ¤gér sharp-clawed: srónmhael ... ingingher slemain ... geirfhiaclach ... (of a cat), Tromd. Guaire 768. sharp-hoofed: ó chroibmearlúdh bhoirrthe each n-ingeinghéar, DDána 70 § 13. gan graifne ar ngreagh n-inginghéar, Measgra D. 51.42 . ¤glain having gleaming nails: Fallec is Iachtan cen ail | da mac Ebeir ingenglain, Rawl. 77a37 . ¤glaine gleaming of claws: lór ingeanghlaine na n-éan, Aithd. D. 9 § 7.

lecla(ide)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lecla(ide) or dil.ie/29713
Last Revised: 2013

 

(of a plant) rush(es) ( Celtica ix 164 , EIF 384 ). n glossed .i. luachair leclaidhe .i. luachair, ut est losa fedha, fraech, aitenn, gilcach, leclaidhe, O'Curry 1370 ( H 3.18, p. 626 ). lossa fedha .i. aitean, fraech, gilcach, raid, lecla .i. uachair, Auraic. 1158 = leclo, 4252 . leaglaidh .i. luachair, O'Cl. Eg. Gl. 423 . losa .f.: dris, aiteand, frech, spin, gilcach, raith, leacla; idilse a nængais, ┐ dairt ina nearba, CIH i 202.32 .

1 lía

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 lía or dil.ie/30096
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: lie, lie, liae, liaa, liic, liaic, liic, lia, liacc, liac, liic, lic, léig, lieic, liic, lic, legga, liaga, líac, leagaibh, liic, leag, líog, lie

n (orig. disyll., see Otia ii 86.y , Metr. Dinds. iii 116.100 . Later monosyll., LL 6365 , Duan. F. ii 78.48 ). nk, m. (later occasionally f., see below). l.¤ m. (as vocalic stem), IGT Decl. § 108. n s. lie, Wb. 21c6 . Ml. 131c12 . in lie , Wb. 4d16 . Fél. Ep. 14 (dissyll.), O'Mulc. 247. liae, Laws i 124.18 . liaa, TBC-I¹ 1230. a s. liic, LU 5365. liaic, TBC-I¹ 3004. liic (in place-name), LL 6365. lia, Acall. 867. g s. liacc, Wb. 4d15 . liac, Sg. 22b10 . Ml. 131c9 . d s. liic, Fél. Oct. 5 (dissyll.). liac, Sg. 65a1 (perhaps scribal error, see Strachan, OIPG 4th ed. p. 148 , 209 ). lic ( liic, LU 5367 ), TBC-I¹ 891. léig, Thr. Ir. Gl. 36.28 . n p. lieic, Sg. 18b7 . liic, Ériu viii 156.26 . lic, ib. a p. legga, LL 227a33 ( TTr. 741 ). liaga, TSh. 9455. g p. líac, LU 2121 ( FA 18 ). d p. leagaibh, CRR² 16. n du. in da liic , LU 4928. Note also: ar do lia luim (: chongbhuim), IGT Decl. ex. 1805 . This is (hesitantly) condemned as `lochdach', but may be an example of the usage described by O'Brien, Celtica ii 346 , iv 102 . Fem. gender is, however, supported by: is líag fhīorbhúadhach eiséin (with alliteration), O'R. Poems 2987 , cf. 2990 . On the late n s. leag ( lec, AU ii 174.9 etc.) see Bergin, Ériu xii 217. See also Duan. F. iii Gloss. s.v. líog.

Stone.

(a) In general meaning: lie . . . lapis , Corm. Y 810. lie uilnech gl. angularis lapis, Wb. 21c6 . Ml. 131c12 . lia brec ┐ lia find ┐ lia dub (used in ordeals), Laws v 472. 19 Comm . a mbeith amail comorba liacc their being like the inheritor of a stone, O'Curry 249 ( H 3.18, 144 ). cur liac putting the stone (`putting stones'), RC ix 454.18 .

(b) Various specific meanings. Whetstone : lia gl. cos, Sg. 67b12 . lieic gl. cotes, 18b7 . cotibus .i. lecib, Thes. ii 47.17 . cotut .i. a cote [.i.] lie forcid, O'Mulc. 247 . aithigud ar n-iarnd fri liic, Trip. 218.18 ( Trip.² 2592 ). bla liac limad (.i. slan don ti limus in scin risin lic, Comm.) grinding is exemption of a stone (i.e. the owner of a grindstone is exempt from penalty for accidental damage during grinding), Laws iii 294.20 , 21 . imbleith for lig, v 484.3 . mor sleg . . . ro limtha risin lia, Acall. 4495.

Upper millstone; millstone : im ocht mbullu ara fognat muillond: topur . . . liae, mol, indeoin . . . `for the eight parts which constitute (lit. serve) the mill . . . the stone, the shaft, the supporting stone' .i. . . . in cloch iachtair, Laws i 124.18 , 140.17 Comm . im denum liacc bron, 184.11 . imrethed ima cuairt amal licc muilind, RC ix 470.16 . Cf. 1 mol.

Standing stone, pillar-stone, usually of a memorial stone, one marking place of death or burial; Ogham-stone: tir . . . a claetar poll i curtar lia `land . . . where a hole is made, where a stone is put', Laws iv 6.12 . cladar a fert . . . sátir a lia, LU 5704 ( = liaa, TBC-I¹ 1230 ). ro tócbad a lia ┐ ro scríbad [a] ainm oguim ┐ doringned duma immon licc, TFerbe 757 . co ro chlaidhter mo ḟertsa lat ┐ co clantar mo lia that my grave may be dug by thee and my stone planted (i.e. set in the ground), Rawl. 130b28 . co tard a druim frisin liic leaned his back against the pillar, LU 3284 . ogum i lia, lia uas lecht, IT i 158.10 . tri lic . . . niathbuidne ┐ tri liic lathbuidne, Ériu viii 156.26 = sé coirthi cloichi, 15 . na mairbh . . . gan lia ná leacht ós a gcionn, TSh. 5761. Hence in later lang. in sense of grave, tomb (cf. lecc, lecht): do-chuadhais fan líg `thou didst enter the grave', Dán Dé ix 18 . [san] lia 'n-a éanar gan óidh / ní sgéaradh re Dia dá deoin, PBocht 13.18 . In: is hé ro sáith in lia lom, Duan. F. ii 78.48 , where lia corresponds to v s. líog in 47 , it is not clear whether a flat or upright stone is meant. Note also: co talaid a anmain as for a beolu i richt lici, Anecd. i 10.16 (confused with lecc, cf. 1 lía, 13 , lie, 19 ). atá ben Lóith ina lícc ṡalainn, Maund. 93.

Of a stone used as a landmark: see l. cloiche below. crich incoisce ail adrada . . . no crann, no líg a district which a stone of worship . . . or a tree or a standing stone (`flag') marks, Laws iv 142.17 Comm . crich íncoisce comarda feadha no muighe, craind no liag, 144.4 Comm . Of a milestone: isin treas lícc on chathraigh E., BB 207b24 ( = lapide tertio, Nenn., see Todd Nenn. 70 n .). Equated with carraic: coronesart 'moan cairric, conid marb and. Unde Lia Lindgadan, Dinds. 119.

Note also: lec an arain lapisfulta, O'Don. Suppl.

(c) With adj. or defining gen. l.¤ cloiche. In some exx. perhaps stone pillar: rosuigid . . . lia cloichi cóicdruimneach i fír-mullach Uisnig, Ériu iv 152.15 . tuc a lám ar lia cloiche ro bói a slis in dúnaid, Acall. 2175 . liaga cloch do dhenamh d'echaibh righ Uludh the turning of the King of U.'s steeds into pillarstones (`flagstones'), Lism. L. 2875 . do chruinniughadh a rabhadar do liagaibh cloch 'n-a seasamh i nÉirinn, Keat. ii 3504 (corresp. to cach coirthi . . . , Ériu ii 22.16 ). an líog chomhthrom chloicheise (of the tomb of Christ), DDána 20.42 . do ním líga cloch / dia feraibh, Misc. Hag. Hib. 35.17 . lia láime missile-stone, slingstone : lia laime druth, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 21 § 1 . fácbaid . . . / liic (sic leg.) laime cech láech-fhir, Metr. Dinds. iii 116.100 . ro gabadh . . . dib . . . di liagaib lam, CCath. 3150 . l.¤ telma slingstone : srethis liic telma boí ina láim fair, LU 5875 = TBC-I¹ 1406 . fucaird L. . . . liic talma do, RC xii 100 § 135 . l.¤ lógmar precious stone, see lógmar.

Of Lía Fáil, see 5 fál.

In names of mosses or fungus: co ndath losa líac, LL 6782 . ropo chomhderg a haiged ┐ corcair líac Laigen, Ériu iv 104.52 . samalta ra corcair lossa liac . . . a gnúis, LL 266b1 ( MU² 589 ; luss liac `foxglove', Watson). See corcur, 1 lus.

Compds. ¤aidne, see 2 aidne. ¤delgg, ZCP xxii 74.3 . liagdhealg .i. dealg in a mbí liag loghmar, no cloch úasal, O'Cl. liagh-delg óir, BB 260b 62 . da liaig-delgg n-iairn ina mbrutt (`two spoon-shaped brooches of iron'), ZCP xviii 297.6 .

1 los

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 los or dil.ie/30698
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: loise, lois, loss, losa

n o, m. Appar. also ā, f. g s. loise, ZCP ii 556.21 , d s. lois, RC xvii 383.12 (Tig.) (= los, CS 274.16 ; loss, AFM ii 842.21 ), n p. losa, O'Curry 827 ( H 3.18, 37a ).

I

(a) end, butt, foot, point (of a staff, stick, etc.): focherded a bunsach ríam conda gebed ar loss resíu dorótsad a bun for lár, LU 4869 . co lois na Bachla Issa, RC xvii 383.12 (Tig.). do sgeinn tobar uisge a ndiaig loise na bachaille, ZCP ii 556.21 (= cos, see 19 ). gurab tré bhonn Aonghusa do chuir Pádraig l.¤ a bhaichle, Keat. iii 361 (= rinn, 363 ). buille do l.¤ a throsdain with the butt-end of his staff, ZCP x 10.10 . sciath . . . co n-a loss imthróm iarnaide, LL 189b2 . croch . . . a mbel na piasta, ┐ a cros rena carpat uachtarach ┐ a ll.¤ rena carpat ichtarach, Laud 610, fo. 8a (Plummer MS. notes). tucadur leó he co l.¤ na croichi (pes crucis), Smaointe B. Chr. 3999.

(b) stem of a drinking-horn(?): go n-a naoi gcornaibh do (leg. co?) losaibh óir, Ériu i 95.3 . Of altar vessels: ceithri corn (g pl.) . . . robris imorro ┐ tall a n-innmusa ┐ a lasa[d] (leg. losa) dibh, AU ii 226.9 = lossa , AFM iii 110.4 .

(c) tail of an animal; tip of the tail(?): l.¤ .i. erball, O'Cl. iss ithi lochad co a llos. Slucid iarum erboll na llochad, RC xiii 446 § 30 . luchóg go n-a l.¤ do shlogadh, Keat. ii 2521 . nuimir mor do deilgnibh iarnaidhe ar a losaibh, Aisl. Tond. 104.15 . By extension, of a cloak: bruitt dubglassa fá loss i forcipul impu, TBC-LL¹ 4359.

(d) By transf. gain, increase, result : dober . . . luth ┐ nert céit in gach fer acuibh . . . ┐ dober loss ┐ solad daibh arnach bid urcra, RC xiv 36 § 28. ? crābud in buirb co n-indmus, l.¤ diūit nit goire a grīs, ZCP vii 311 § 16.

(e) In particular, produce or young of cattle , usually in contexts where the cattle, through having been stolen or temporarily forfeited, have been in the possession of others not their owners, and during this period have calved: l.¤ .i. fas, Lec. Gl. 326 (M 139) . l.¤ .i. na laigh, O'D. 1122 ( H 2.15A, 56 ). ní fo-roxla taide no cnet . . . as-renar cona fuillem co ndiablad aithgine, mad marbdile; mad beodile co n-as ┐ l.¤ ┐ fuilled ┐ fuillem `Jungen', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 38 § 18 . as ┐ l.¤ ┐ geart `Junge (die Kälber)'. ZCP xv 240 § 3 . icuidh aithgin a chota gan l.¤, gan as, gan inorbairt he pays the exact amount of his share without the natural increase, Laws iv 256.15 Comm . (of one who had absconded without payment of his share of a debt but his `fine' had paid it for him. On his return he must pay simply the original amount of his liability). techta fuillema gill dobeir ben bo-aireigh ┐ occaireich la Feine; ni taibret . . . acht lusaib a cethra `they give but in the produce of their cattle' (something omitted before lusaib?), v 386.26 . madh geall do berur fri fiachuibh ┐ bidh l.¤ for in fiach, dia mbe fonuidm in luis is a ícc, i 280.13 , 14 Comm . muna be fonuidm . . . ní híctur acht colunn náma; ┐ taisiuc in gill, cid geall luis, 17 Comm . co fuillem .i. mblechta, no losa .i. innuth, O'Curry 827 ( H 3.18, 379 ) (see indad). cona buar bera acht leth loss, . . . .i. . . . leith in neich ro losustar acut . . . , O'Curry 440 ( H 3.18 237a ). scaile[d] a set arin los, Laws v 438.12 Comm . (? = `alienating the principal for interest on it', Plummer MS. Notes).

II In prepositional phrases and compounded with oen has the meaning end, purpose, consequence (perh. also in: cáit assa tecait? . . . nó co lus tíagait `to what end?', Acall. 6285 ): oen-lus (see also ar oen-lus, below) intention, set purpose : guach cach brathum, aen-lus ┐ taige (= táide) `intentional or with concealment', Laws v 458.5 . it comarda a n-eiric aen-lus ┐ taige, 10 .

ar óen-lus intentionally, deliberately : nach ar ealguin . . . na ar aonlus, O'Curry 1770 ( 23 Q 6, 37a ). im cāinte . . . ┐ gona . . . cid ar aon lus dognethur ni digbunn a laneineclunn ium nech, Laws i 58.14 Comm . benaimsi in cluiccīn sae / . . . ar ōenlus / co nā hesboi Doelgus daith, Cáin Ad. 18 . as mor na coirthe do chomaentaigh sibh do denam ar oen l.¤ gl. mor bar ccionta comraite, Leb. Gab.(i) 32 n.7 . mad ar oenlus asbera nech in goi `deliberately', Ériu vii 158.7 . banbeim ar aenlus, . . . sarughudh ar aenlus, Laws iv 364.4, 6 Comm . ? Amloṅgaid ān Ōengus / attreb tōeba Temro, dosnort aridn-ōenlus (? leg. arind o.), Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 17 § 4 (`by his sole strength', Hail Brigit p. 7 ). Also d'óenlus: ba fora iarair d'aonloss do dheochattar, Hugh Roe² 10.13 .

a l.¤ , ar l.¤ , di l.¤ , i l.¤ l. (a) in consequence of, as a result of, on account of: a l.¤ a carut, Laws ii 280.16 (see ZCP xiv 369 § 31 ). l.¤ .i. son, as bhar l.¤ .i. as bhar son, O'Cl. a láimh gach [aoin] aigérus asa l.¤ who shall sue on their account, O'D. 547 ( H 3.17, 436 ). ba cara doib Gorthigern a l.¤ a mna, LU 232. ro gab eacla . . . Find assar l.¤-ne on our account, Acall. 6506 . a ll.¤ crochi Crist didiu nach ecail lind gorta, LB 233b48 . ro mallachtastair Noe Cam a ll.¤ a nderna, BB 5a2 . saiget do chur i Maoilechlainn . . . ┐ a écc as a l.¤ in consequence, AFM iv 800.11 . ar l.¤ corbaidh mhna Cuind `because of the depravity', Ériu iii 154.29 . ar l.¤ aimlesa `on account of a false charge', Ann. Conn. 1254.7 . tú ós ar gcinn-ne, a chros Eoghain, / m'inmhe ar a l.¤ laighdeobhaidh, DDána 65.4 . Similarly, ar losaib: ar losaibh dhoirre Domhnaill `because of D.'s anger', Studies 1924, 242 § 8 , cf. ar losain [leg. losaibh ?] an trír do thuit / an tír fa chosaibh Cormuic for the sake of (the sons of Uisnech). Aithd. D. 6.31 . truagh a Mhuire ar lén da l.¤ , L. Cl. A. B. 142.99 . cf. 138.95 . do thromluigh ceas lonn dā l.¤ , Hackett liv 24 . a marbad i llos na n-eladhan sin do beith acco, Acall. 6094 . 'na l.¤-sain 'na loighe atá, DDána 79.12 . go gcailltear a l.¤ an bháis an onóir shaoghalta leis na daoinibh bhíos mórdha ré linn a mbeatha (? simply after), TSh. 916.

(b) by means of, by dint of, by virtue of: a ll.¤ a lín is a craind / Beoan iascairi Comgaill / dosrat, LU 3071 . ceṅglaidsi in fersain a llus nirt, LL 2545 . ro briss a ll.¤ chlaidib chróin / for síl n-airdairc ṅHerimóin / cath Éle, 2000 . nocor' gabh Iúil Césair . . . a l.¤ a lámha, CCath. 68 . gur tairrnccedar . . . an chruit as a lambuibh a los éiccin by main force, Ériu iv 61 § 52 . tairccsin mheallta muinntire Brenainn don diabhal hi llos ítan, BNnÉ 63 § 90 . dochuaid as ar l.¤ a lama, Ann. Conn. 1230.7 . ni claidhfidis fir in talman . . . ar l.¤ nirt na nidhecais é, ZCP vi 44.29 . ar lus na lethláim (sic) using one hand only(?), TBC-LL¹ 2123 (see Études Celt. iv 317 ). dia mbēraind hi lloss retha hí don ḟēin uile, ZCP xii 375.12 . bith a deimin accutt nach i lus ghaile inā gaiscid rachu isin inad naobh sin, Grail 3745 . ? dorala Arcomenus . . . a lloss claidib fri Hechtoir `came to blows with', TTr.² 960.

(c) Of dragging by: a ngabail a l.¤ a mullaig eiste, . . . a tarrung a l.¤ a putrull mun dighsit cena (of an abbot expelling monks), Laws v 208.26 - 27 Comm . coro thairṅgiset . . . chucu in ṁboin sin loch a llus a herbuill, LL 21197 . a tócbail a ll.¤ a fuilt `by the hair of her head', PH 1394 . rotharraing Concubar Ilbreach a l.¤ a chinn chuigi, Caithr. CC 45.15 .

(d) about, concerning : ro doilbit sceoil bregi imda . . . a llus Cesair, CCath. 750. cf. Hugh Roe² 236.21 . scēl lem a llus na mbennacht / fa ḟūair Muiri mōrchendacht concerning(?), ACL iii 244 § 3 . cidh drochcelmaine atcluinim asa loss, CCath. 4051 . a ll.¤ tuarastail, RC xviii 271.30 (Tig.). sith do denam . . . risna hespocaib . . . ar lus feraind Patrisius hi Connachtaib, Ann. Conn. 1241.12 (`on account of').

(e) in charge of, concerned with (cf. i mbun): mac in chírmaire a llus chír, LL 18797 . da m-bammar ac Scathaig / a llus gascid gnathaig, TBC-LL¹ 3466 . in t-aél a llus in bíd / iss ed as chubaid ra hardríg, LL 300ay . fiarfaighis de in bó lonn leis beith a ll.¤ proinne na manach, BNnÉ 28 § 31 .

(f) about to: in tan adconnairc Lusus a athair do thoitim, ┐ Aenias a l.¤ a chind do buain de `about to shear off', Aen. 2631 . truagh fós, gan faicsin t'fhiodhbhadh / liom, ar l.¤ mo cheiliobhradh, Celtica iv 116 § 8 .

Compds. (i) With adj. ¤ard: ? scoirpioin In[d]ecda ba l. side luagh a n-iarcomlai foraib, BB 494b36 = scorpíon Indecda dorala for a iarcómla a mboi ina sesum, Alex. 705 . ¤chael: mil . . . / liath luath loscael, IT iii 43 § 56 ( ¤chlaen, v.l. 14 § 30 ). ¤glan: cethri cuirnd losglana im loinn fair-shanked, Fen. 370.16 . ? ¤ḟinn white-tailed, white-tipped(?): cet ndart flann, cet ndairti loisinn, O'Curry 784 ( H 3.18, 367a ).

lothommar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lothommar or dil.ie/30739

 

n (? -ó-) o, m. (? Lat. lōtus pp. of lavo and ommar) large vessel for holding liquid, bath-tub : tucait ... chucu ... a mílain ┐ a lóthommair ┐ a ndrolmacha, TBC-LL¹ 64 ( LL 7607 ). lothomur in taige aīged co n-usci na haidche remi ind, MacCongl. 11.22 . tucastar lathamar glaine . . . ┐ do chuir na lossa ind . . . ┐ tuc in tṡithal i llaim Chailti, Acall. 7149. Cf. loth `a lotion, or washing', P. O'C.

luib

Cite this: eDIL s.v. luib or dil.ie/30966

 

Forms: luibe, lubi, luibhi, tutlub, lubae, lube, lubai, luba, lubai, lubaib, luibi, lubgort

n f. g s. luibe. pl. id. (g p. lubi, LU 10641 = luibhi, Ériu xii 156.5 ). Somet. also with non-pal. -b: tutlub, -lob, etc., ZCP i 19 §§ 10 , 12 . g s. lubae, Sg. 61b15 ( lube, 100b2 ). n p. lubai, MacCarthy 62.24 v.l. luba, Alex. 1003 (lubad, v.l.). a p. lubai, SR 7019. d p. lubaib, 969 (n p. luibi, 935 ). Cf. lubgort. In later lang. freq. with n p. -enna, g p. -enn. Less freq. with dental infl. in pl. f., IGT Decl. § 14.

Herb, plant : de rosa dind l.¤ find .i. l.¤ derc gl. rosarium, Sg. 35b2 . gl. tús, 46a13 . ainmm lubae gl. gummi, 61b15 . l.¤ ┐ ní crann gl. nam siler non est inter arbores ponendum, 65a9 . l.¤ gl. cicer, 99b1 . salina .i. nomen lube .i. sálchuach gl. salinatoris, 100b2 . luibgort .i. gort luibe, Corm. Y 821 ( Thr. Ir. Gl. 27 ). cīch .i. κῖκι grég, l.¤ asa taet ass, O'Mulc. 221 . luibh gl. herba, Ir. Gl. 114. apio .i. luibh serbh, RC xiv 227 § 36 . no línta in gríanán sin do lubib boladmaraib ingantaib, LU 10640 . tobertatar na lucuirp luibe do iar sin ina cluasa, Ériu xvi 36.22 . ic loscad láir ┐ luibed in tíre, LB 118a38 . a coic sescat ar tri cet du luibib, Auraic. 1959. luibi cach ṡīl, ACL iii 235.15 . ? a lug gan luibi mar caruíd, MacCarthy 312.3 . do mughu muir mothach mbrughach brug treb dian iach, glossed dianit luibe bradain, LL 393a2 . doromailt . . . etir na lubid árchena ind athaba, RC ii 390.24 . luibe denma draidechta, CCath. 3907 . luibe neime, 3912 . a lan do (o) luibib Gall (recountal of the `díre' of a hen's egg), Laws v 84.6, 10 Comm . ina scris do luibib `herb-gardens' (see note), i 170.20 Comm . gl. im turorgain do bechdin, 166.26 . luibhe gach leirge, PBocht 25.11 . croind ┐ crocha ┐ luibenda, BCC 92.27 . do thionól luibhend fó na coilltibh, AFM vi 1956.28 . mar bhláth na luibhe `the flower of the grass', James i 10 . Fig. luibh an mhachaire Muire, DDána 7.26 . In B. na f. condeisset sund . . . / drūth luibe blogo egae, ACL iii 310 § 4 . For names of specific plants see Hog. Luibhl.

Med. of herbs with curative properties: mad fuar an cuis cuirter ina lepuid é, ┐ luibidh berbthi laim ris, Rosa Angl. 60.z . l.¤ na pairilisi `herba paralysis', 266.11 . Hence with qual. gen. chabra, ícce, leigis healing herb, remedy, panacea in general: luibh chabhra ar gcréacht (of Mary), PBocht 2.24 . níor luibhe chabhra dá chridhe / duibhe a habhra is gile a gruadh (S. Margaret and her suitors), DDána 32.23 . lossa ┐ luibi íci, LU 6341 ( TBC-I¹ 1826 ). lubi ┐ lossa icci, TBC-LL¹ 3588 . a luibh íce t'fhine féin, Aithd. D. 46.23 . ro chuir S. luibheanna íce ┐ leighis re cneadhaibh C., Oss. iii 128.z . ní gnáth milis luibh leighis, PBocht 21.26 . dár ngonaibh-ne is luibh leighis (of birth of Christ), DDána 6.11 . tug duine . . . / luibhe leighis ar ccrechta, Duan. F. ii 396 § 93 . éag gan luibhe dá leigheas, TSh. 1969. Note also: mur luibh choisge fuili, IGT Decl. ex. 1216 . luibh shíodha d'fhuil Éabha (of wounds of Christ), Aithd. D. 64.23 . grás as líonmhaire ná an luibh / ar bhás shíordhuidhe, DDána 35.11 .

In wider sense of plant, material used in the manufacture of articles: ní fil ó turgbáil co fuin / rofesed cia l.¤ a crann what wood was in its shaft (of a spear), Metr. Dinds. iii 122.36 . dá máelasa . . . ┐ ní feas cía l.¤ dia rabadar, Ériu iv 138.28 . inar corccra . . . ni fess l.¤ dia robi, PH 2854 (where ref. is perh. to the purple dye). di umu, no sicip l.¤ di-a mbe, Laws v 410.20 Comm . (of a `sét').

Compds. ¤gáirdín: an uile luibhgháirdín do phlantáil, Corp. Astron. 50.10 . ¤thrén of strong material: seaca leabhar luibthrēan, Celtica iv 110 § 14 . See lubgort.

luibred

Cite this: eDIL s.v. luibred or dil.ie/30976

 

Forms: luiberad

n o (luib). Also luiberad. plants, herbs : tuc luibriud bec ┐ mecain leis, Laud 610 f. 25a (Plummer MS. notes). luiberad ┐ fer in talman, MacCarthy 70.11 . lossa ┐ luibérad, LB 137a14 . oc ithe lúibrid ┐ lossa in talman, 156b27 . gan do bhiaidh agad acht luibhreadh na talmhan, Celtica iv 72.280 . roilec lan do luibredh `plants', Grail 3565 .

1 lus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 lus or dil.ie/31106
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: losa, luis, lois, Lusmhach

n u, m. g s. losa. Occasionally o, m. g s. luis, DDána 71.19 . ? n p. lois, see below. IGT Decl. § 72 . plant, herb, vegetable.

(a) In general sense: di l.¤ bis forsnaib caircib dognither in chorcur buide, Tur. 115 ( Thes. i 492 ). propir losa gl. anethi, Thes. ii 46.6 (Philarg. 6 ). luss bongar ind domnuch `a herb that is cut on Sunday', Mon. Tall. 132.19 . conna facabtais cid . . . fér ná lossa hi talam (of birds), IT i 136.3 ( LU 10560 ). na lois isin machaire (: hois), BS 64.3 ( Murphy Lyrics 46.2 ). clochcaop dond l.¤ rouoi a laim Ureisi, Anecd. ii 53.y . l.¤ atcondarc is ind éur . . . Cinnas ind lossa? Amal luachair, Trip.² 2347 - 50 . in arbor / as dech do lossa[ib] talman, Trip. ii 468.9 (of a future saint). i condulg losa talman, O'Mulc. 209 . ag bruith in neich is cain do losaib ┐ co (leg. do) eolusuib do neoch bis a ngalur, Laws i 300.15 Comm . fri beochu ┐ l.¤ ┐ cruacha, iv 118.21 Comm . (perh. in collective sense). in luss bentar dona būaibh / ar toidheacht dōibh asin tṡlēibh, ZCP vii 303 § 8 . gabhoir F. . . . / do-deachadar am lupgort / do itheadar mo losa dhe, Duan. F. ii 136 § 42. Cf. nipsa l.¤ cin fursanna (fursandath, fursannad, v.ll.) a rush(?) without light, Anecd. ii 60.9 (in list of proverbial expressions used of useless or unsatisfactory articles).

(b) In specialized sense of leek as article of diet: l.¤ gl. porrum, Ir. Gl. 810 ( RC ix 239.15 ). fa ceadaightheach doibh buinne losa, Rule of Tallaght 3 . dobert mid di ┐ ingne losa com-bai a maethruidead tria n-a h-agaid cloves of garlic, YBL 164a10 . bairgen ┐ luss ┐ meaduisce `leeks', Fél.² xl 10 . fichi glac losa `handfuls of leeks', Leb. Cert. 154.20 . braon oir tri such losa, Celtica ii 73.126 . gorm amail bis in l.¤ ithter, 85.521 . mar ata l.¤ ┐ uindemuin ┐ gairleog, Rosa Angl. 324.14 . an l.¤, ┐ na huinniúin `leeks', Numbers xi 5.

(c) With defining element. Of generic classes: l.¤ lubgoirt `garden herbs', BCrólige 27 . losa fedha `herb trees', Auraic. 1156 . losa feada; raith, rait, dris . . . spín `bramble-trees', Laws iv 148.1 . lossa serua in díthreba, PH 873. Of healing herbs: l.¤ cech galair a herb for every sickness, Ériu ix 66.11 . l.¤ na sláinte, DDána 2.1 . losa bro[th]chain cacha muige `pot herbs', Laws v 486.12 . lossa i lot Críst / go gcuireann as ar [gcroidhteachaibh], Aithd. D. 61.10 . losa ícce (leigis) curative herbs : lossa ícce, TBC-LL¹ 4211 . do lossaib ícci, 4339 . focherd in láech síde lossa ┐ lubi íci ┐ slánsen i cnedaib, LU 6341 ( TBC-I¹ 1826 ). dobered lossai legis . . . i n-a créchtaib, PH 422 . tucad losa ícce da innsaigid, Acall. 1932 . losa leighis, ML 90.6 . lossae neimnecha `poisonous plants', CCath. 3906 . l.¤ síde fairy (magic) herb: lossa síde ┐ lubi ícci, TBC-LL¹ 2478 . lán a glaici . . . do losaibh sídhe, Acall. 985. Freq. in medical texts and glossaries with attrib. gen. of particular species. l.¤ in cenncosaigh, Irish Texts v 7.7 . See cennchosach. l.¤ na cnó léna gl. virgola fraghinairia, ACL i 334 § 36. gl. calamus palustris, 336 § 98 . l.¤ na corrledan gl. eutropus . . . .i. fed caille, 333 § 7 . l.¤ creidhe burnet, speedwell, Irish Texts v 7.6 . 74.32 . Cf. l.¤ cree gl. berneta, ACL i 326 § 45 . l.¤ chneisi Con gCulann, 23 K 42, 421 . l.¤ na croiche `fennel' (Glossary), Irish Texts v 74.32 . sugh losa na feithlinne `honeysuckle', Rosa Angl. 40.15 . l.¤ na fiadh gl. ferina, Ir. Gl. 183 . l.¤ na frangc (gl. tansetum) tansey, RC ix 225.16 . freamh losa na ffrangc, 23 K 42, 42.1 . l.¤ na himmirce gl. barabastum vel tactus, ACL i 335 § 64. gl. astrologia longa, 336 § 106. l.¤ na laeg gl. barba ursina, RC ix 226.11 . l.¤ na ledan gl. erba fullonum, ACL i 331 § 27. Cf. l.¤ na ledan min (? leg. medan, Ed.), 332 § 56 . l.¤ na ledan, Irish Texts v 68.12 . l.¤ liac: deirgither losa liac gnuisi ┐ aichthi na n-ingen sin foxglove, TTebe 479 . See 1 lía. l.¤ na magrall `orchis', Rosa Angl. 286.11 . l.¤ na meall gl. satyrion, ACL i 328 § 78 . l.¤ na meall Muiri gl. acriola alosantum, 334 § 55. l.¤ na meccan gl. ipoquisdidos, RC ix 236 . l.¤ midi `mouse-ear' (Glossary), Irish Texts v 7.6 - 7 . l.¤ mhna an ghalloglaigh gl. mellisa, 23 K 42, 377.21 . l.¤ na monog bog-berry, ACL i 334 § 8 . l.¤ na mucc gl. crocus ecolicanus . . . .i. liathl.¤ , ACL i 335 § 70 . l.¤ in phapa gl. eufracia alba, ACL i 336 § 103. lus in sparáin = bursa pastoris 'shepherd's purse', Rosa Angl. 108.15 , O'Gr. Cat. 227.10 , Irish Texts v 68 § 54 . l.¤ na sengan gl. serpillum, ACL i 335 § 77 . l.¤ spínan gooseberry plant, ACL i 334 § 35 . l.¤ na sub gl. dens leonis .i. caisearban, ACL i 334 § 43 . l.¤ na mucoired (leg. n-úcaired) gl. erba fullonum, ACL i 331 § 26 (`fuller's thistle', Index).

Compds. With nouns. ¤brígmaire: re los-brighmaire a leagha botanical skill of her physicians, MR 102.18 . -mag. In n. loc. Lusmhach, IGT Decl. § 138 . -ogam, Auraic. 5807. With adj.: ¤chorr: ós linn luschoirr ` weed-thick ', O'Hara 4029 .

See tarb.

minaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. minaigid or dil.ie/32288
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: rumina[ige]d, minugud

v g. (min)

(a) breaks, shatters, comminutes: pret. pass. ? rumina[ige]d, gl. crepuit . . . et diffusa sunt viscera eius, Ardm. 171a2 = Thes. i 496.34 (reading doubtful, see p. 725 ). ra minaig beirn made a breach, TBC-LL¹ 5138 = ro bris, St. ro minaig in demun in hidal, PH 2082. dēta ho mínigther na biada, 6818 . co ro mínaiged a cnáma, Mer. Uil. 36. do mionaighte lestar an loma, BNnÉ 318 § 11. dá mionuigheadh crann críon fa n-a chosaibh if he broke, Keat. ii 5213. Fig.: minaigid cath = brisid c.: is iat ro minaigh gach cath roim in righ who won every battle for the king, LL 386b51 . da minaigh cath 'ga chosnamh, ACL iii 245 § 25. a móid nar mhionaigh a chrábhadh diminished , PBocht 33 § 18. With omission of obj.: glac nar minaid ar miche[i]ll `made no senseless havoc', Metr. Dinds. iii 362.104 . With AR: slat do minaid ar mōrdāim `who crushed a mighty band', ib. 92 . do chuir na lossa ind, ┐ ro minaig iat ar in uisci, Acall. 7150 .

(b) intrans. is broken, shattered (rare): as beg nachar minaideadar a chnamha, ZCP i 128.11 . do ḟoslaicedar na dorais 'n-a n-aenur ┐ da minaichedar a ṅglais, YBL 151b34 . do mhinaigh in cath . . . ar Lir the battle was broken on L., Acall. 1816.

vn. minugud: fuair an cloch arna m.¤ , ZCP xiii 173.13 . briscbruar na n-arm . . . ic a mbrudh ┐ ic a minugudh, CCath. 5918. iar na minugad (of woad-plant), Laws ii 374.2 Comm. iar mhiniugud, Lism. L. 4182. Demolishing (a building, etc.): ar mionachadh na cathrach, BNnÉ 322.7 = mbrisedh, St.

saethraigidir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. saethraigidir or dil.ie/35918

 

Forms: saethrugad

v (saethar) works, labours.

(a) intrans.: is airi asbertar prímgeindi do suidib huare saithraigte in doini friu (of first-fruits), Ml. 123c8 . serc la Dia maicc Israhél frissaru-saithraigestar oc a tuididen for whom He had laboured, 92c5 . issed a cétna ro saethraiged frissin n-ag the same [amount of] labour had been expended on the ox, LL 285b33 . corp . . . in duine shoethraiges ar Dia, PH 3546 . Pól . . . is e is mó do soethraig dona hulib apstalaib, 1652 . saethraigfit bar saerchlanda your nobles will be forced to work, Alex. 213 . ni saethraigem ┐ ní threbam, 856 . co saethraigseat airdrig imda i cosnum ríghe duibh, BB 490a31 . saothraighet bar cossa, | imdaighter bar lossa let your feet be active (?), BNnÉ 309.5 = ZCP x 43.23 (injunction to monks). na n-aithrigheach shaothruigheas sna subháilcibh, TSh. 8875 . Of mental labour: atberim . . . fritt . . . naro soethraige ┐ naro guide in coimdid be not worried, LB 225b30 . is air sin shaethraighim . . . cindus do gheinfedh mac . . . gan sil duine I am puzzled, perplexed, ITS xix 58.1 (machtnaigim, v.l.).

(b) trans.: cia dhíobh ler saothroigheadh sin by which of them was that (house) built, Aithd. D. 37.29 . an té sháothruighios a fhearann `he that tilleth his land', Proverbs xii 11 . Earns by labour, works for: an solas nar saothruigheadh `the light he has not deserved', PBocht 19.21 . 'san obair dhaonna, le saorthaighthear slainte ar n-anma, Luc. Fid. 226.2 = le saoraighthear, ib. 12 .

Vn. saethrugad: cen saethrugud isin sapoit, PH 2590 . díultuighid a lámha sáothrughadh refuse to work, Proverbs xxi 25 . tar éis saóthraighti doib ┐ móráin tagra do denamh `after their labouring', AU iii 556.17 (of a conference). ag saothrughadh mianaigh airgid, Eochairsg. 115.14 . ré saothrughadh na subháilceadh practising, cultivating, TSh. 1810 . mo dhán ar n-a shaothrughadh le fada, Aithd. D. 19.10 . foghluim do shaothrughadh go dithchiollach, Donlevy 340.22 . dá raibhadar lucht sealga ag saothrughadh tuirc allta `hunting a wild boar', BNnÉ 165.y . do saethrugadh a mbethad earn their living, D IV 2, 42va39 . ag saorthughadh (sic) na beatha suthaine, Luc. Fid. 229.1 . i neamhshaothrughadh na n-ocht seinbheannachta (the Beatitudes), Eochairsg. 93.6 . drong lemh lucht a shaothraighte (of the art of poetry), O'Gr. Cat. 556.3 .

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