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brath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brath or dil.ie/6578

Forms: mrath, mbrath, braith, bráth, bratha, braith

n Later form of mrath. Transitional spelling mbrath, Ériu iv 238.4 , LU 4707. Later also braith (: maith, Aithd. D. 61.31 ). Somet. bráth (see bráth). g s. bratha, Metr. Dinds. iv 194.15 , AFM v 1670.16 .

(a) act of betraying; treachery, betrayal: bid b.¤ (: chath), LU 4578 (TBC). mo b.sa, Anecd. i 5.11 (SCano 129). mairg lāim rogheoghain a b.¤ from treachery (?), RC xvii 229.28 . in bráth (sic) ┐ in trecun, TBC-LL¹ 4030. b.¤ is bét, MacCarthy 192.7 . ba lugu do chinaid . . . b.¤ a `mágistrech' andás b.¤ a `thigerna' (of Judas), PH 5167. ? fuair b.¤ (breith, v.l.) `fell . . . by treacherous chance', Metr. Dinds. iii 460.15 . dia b.¤ `to entrap' (sc. a bull), 370.3 . do bh.¤ . . . dia Céadaoin, DDána 14.7 . In cheville: cen b.¤ , Sc.M² 22a . amles do flatha, Laws i 230.z .i. . . . a braith, co ndligidh eneclann de, 234.3 Comm. i cinaid . . . do thengad, 156.31 .i. aer, no ainmed, no b.¤, no guforgill, no gufiadhnaisi, 162.6 Comm. See ZCP xiv 363.2 - 4 . Clann M. d'fagbail braith air ┐ a marbad doib `he was betrayed to the C.M.', Ann. Conn. 1390.3 . fuair an dream . . . / b.¤ ar a bheith i n-uaignios, Aithd. D. 3.14 . go ffuair an Ridire . . . b.¤ ar Shémus do beith i n-uamhaidh, AFM vi 2260.12 . b.¤ ar a háille an uair rug when he had an opportunity of observing her beauty (?), DDána 32.21 .

(b) act of spying, reconnoitring: do b.¤ in longphuirt, LL 38607 `to go spy out the camp', SG 378.3 . do b.¤ na mbailed marcaig, Ann. Conn. 1249.11 . do b.¤ tire tarrngire, Maund. 51. ni fhoil fath a mb.¤ mbaili `watching' or `guarding' (Notes), Magauran 2598 . an neach ga mbí an b.¤ the man on guard, Aithd. D. 5.4 . do bhaoi b.' gun ḟoirinn air were waiting for him, DDána 64.16 . Note further: [go n]dearbhair a buaidh aga b.¤ `may its (a boat's) excellence be tested and assured', Aithd. D. 82.11 . ro labuir fris do fuighlibh ailgeana do b.¤ a irlabra `to judge of his speech', Grail 82 . lór dá bh.¤ . . . / gach cath was sufficient testimony to him, O'Hara 3983. a mheic Bhríain a bh.¤ m'eíccsi `mark of my verse', Ériu ix 2.33 .

(c) act of revealing; revelation, sign: cen b.¤ brīathar goa `without meditating words of falsehood' (revealing ?), Arch. Hib. ii 54 § 2. lór do bh.¤ ar ghéire ar nguil / sgath mo dhéire na dheasguibh sufficient revelation of, IGT Decl. ex. 1120. Note also: ar n-a bhraith . . . do Gh. . . . go raibhe etc. when G. perceived, Keat. ii 1701. milaochus do braith ort, ZCP x 277. 26 . gá lucht iuil nocha bhíodh a bh.¤ / síon ciuin gan chioth, PBocht 2.23 . is tú braith na bhfleadh bhfíneamhna `hope of the wine-feasts', Aithd. D. 61.31 . b.¤ air bás Diarmada `a sign of D.'s death', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 328.18 .

(d) With AR: act of depending (on); dependence, something depending (on): an maitheas ar a mbí a b.¤ `the goods on which he depends', O'Hara 703. bheith aig bráth air chungnamh chách tar éis do bháis, De Imit. 45.13 . Cf. ar ṁb. Fer B. `our hope', Metr. Dinds. iv 334.22 .

(e) As qualifying and attrib. gen.: ethgig ┐ áes braith treacherous folk, LU 2190 ( FA 27 ). aés braith ┐ taisccélta ` spies ', AFM vi 2212.23 . cech bithbinech braith (: croich) `every treacherous criminal', PRIA xix (1895), 552 § 41 ( LL 18644 ). ni lossat na troich / recait bernaid ṁbraith (: scaith) `the gap of betrayal' (Táin 3368), TBC-LL¹ 3957. ar gach mbaegol mbraith, ACL iii 232.4 . beagán do luach bhraith as a fee for giving information, Magauran 1741 .

Compds. múr nach brisfe brathairminnleadh, DDána 89.20 . an bhrathbhuille bhodhbha `sudden blow', PBocht 3.3 . brath-choma bidhbhadh, MR 306.18 . cen báegul cen brathbini `treacherous crime', Metr. Dinds. iii 342.22 . bail nach bí brath-chocor beóil `no betraying murmur of lips', Ériu vii 220 § 8. adbul brathgnó, Metr. Dinds. iii 340.15 . berta brath-teagaisc false instruction, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 74.8 .

1 bró

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bró or dil.ie/6875
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: bráu, bróinte, broon

n n Earlier broo, brao , Ériu xlvi 36 n. 134 , bráu (for broe see GOI § 329 ). pl. bróinte (LU etc.). b.¤ f., IGT Decl. § 84.

quern; millstone, grindstone; act of grinding (?): broon gl. Molae (in n. loc.), Thes. ii 45.7 ( Ardm. 10a2 ). clocha broon . . . mola broo din, Corm. 29 s.v. muilend. muilend . . . mó a ail .i. mō a chloch(a) quam cloch[h]a brōn, Corm. Y 874. tuarcain do-fuaircitis inna grán . . . resiu arista brao the quern, Sg. 184b3 . issi (Mugdornn) cetna cumal ceta-ra-gaib broin inn-a laim la firu Erenn, Laws v 394.3 . bīait for mnā særa for bróintib, TBC-I¹ 1130. ? imbri b.¤ , LU 8399 (see ? imbri). combo demithir (sic MS.) bróin mulind as fast as a mill-wheel, LU 9054 ( FB 80 ). athgabail cuicthi . . . im denum liacc bron, Laws i 184.11 . noco modmar cach n-oenb. (: gó), LL 9489 `a single millstone is ineffective', TBC-LL² 2047 . bro toll, IT iii 81 § 59. Ciarnath 'cun broin (: ḟóil) borddaig, LL 16899 ( RC xlvii 301.16 .). tīrad ┐ brō ┐ crīathar, Bruchst. i 71 § 167. bro ┐ lossat ┐ altrum (i.e. the unproductive work of a housewife), Laws ii 410.17 Comm. See Stud. in E. Ir. Law 34 n.1 . bro ┐ losut, ┐ criathrud [do munudh] dia n-ingeanuibh, Laws ii 152.11 Comm. don cet sceinm na bro[n] ris cach naen `in the first slipping of the millstone' (of exemption from liability), iii 282.19 Comm. mar gluasacht bron (motion of the firmament), Ir. Astr. Tr. 142.14 . tormán na brón muilinn = the sound of the millstones, Jeremiah xxv 10. ar chlachaibh brán do bhreacadh from picking millstones, IGT Decl. ex. 1306. See breccaire. b.¤ bheag bhreac, Measgra D. 7.26 . do chasadh na líobhrón grindstone, TSh. 6211.

With meilid (see also 2 meile, bleith): Gall i Mugna melid broí (: druí), Éigse x 185 § 15. do bleith bróan, Three Hom. 64.2 . domheiled broin gach fer, Lism. L. 850. narab bro gan gaillsig . . . im meli bron, Cog. 116.10 , 13 . Prec. by prepp. I N-, A: ná derntar isin domnach . . . bleith i muilenn ná bróin `grinding in mill or quern', Ériu ii 202.1 . bleith a lam-broin dichmairc, Laws v 474.3 . naoi gcearna arbhair do bhleith . . . a bróin, Keat. ii 5233.

Fig. dia ḟadhbhuind si bhroin uachtair, dogentai bro íochtair dim if I found an upper millstone I should make a lower millstone of myself (answer to a proposal of marriage), ZCP xiii 280. 3 , 4 . Of a hero: ba bráu borb-leṅg inna bíu `a wild-whirling millstone', Metr. Dinds. iv 94.14 .

See lám compds. cet bromaistread lind . | ar tus i nErinn the first churning with a quern BB 25 a 55 .

doíre

Cite this: eDIL s.v. doíre or dil.ie/17939

Forms: doire, doire, doiri

n , f. (doír)

(a) captivity, bondage, slavery: doforsailced in doire the captivity has been loosened, Ml. 131d1 . amal bid iar mai[d]m chatha forru dubertis ba samlid a ndoire leu, 84c9 . ni bai dóere bad teinne, SR 3675 . a bithdoéra (: do-t-rega), 3344 . daire amlaid . . . ni tharlaid for bith buide, 3667 . daoíre a cuinge the oppression of her yoke, O'Gr. Cat. 518.3 . g s. inna doire , Ml. 61d9 . in calamitate .i. inna doire, 14b10 . fo brón na dóiri, Thes. ii 308.25 , gl. fo déraib, Hy. ii 2 . isse seo fochond a doere, Thes. ii 309.14 . for tuatha De tabrad (leg. -aid?) cach tormach ndoére, SR 3884 . inaimsir na tromdaire, 3694 . d s. conairleicthea asin doire ho Chir, Ml. 34d21 . reversionis .i. macc nIsrahel a dóiri, 46a5 . taidchuir macc nIsrahel a doire, 46a26 . issi a lobrae in popuil son isin doire, 45c9 . nonsoerni . . . di doiri babelon[e] doratad fornn, 46b26 . ar comthod ni as in doiri, 111a5 . arna tormal mo saigul nuile i ndoiri, 119b6 . nachabticfed for ri . . . a toiri, 46a14 . Codrige a ainm inna doere i nErind, Thes. ii 308.36 . comboé fo daire in-Egept, SR 3168 . in cethramath toisich . . . dodechaid asin dore (leg. doíre), Hib. Min. 212 . de dóiri Égipte, Fél. Ep. 532 . combái . . . oc ingairiu in dōiri, Mór M. § 3 . Patraic . . . ind inbaid sin i ndaíre in hErind, LU 266 . nis bia i n-daire damsa acht fogain don choimdid, IT i 40.39 . aititmit . . . ar mbeith fén a ṅdoire ar ar pecthaib, PH 7977 . i ndaeire ┐ i ndochraite ┐ i cumalacht do Eogan, SG 313.3 . a s. re techt in doiri , Ml. 80d9 . roétrummaigset in babillondai són doiri forsna cenela echtranna, 113c8 . ructha som i ndoiri, 102c7 . i mblogaib . . . cusin doriu (leg. doíri) baibilonde, Hib. Min. 209 . is 'na comar rugad ind airc isin daire, Todd Nenn. 40.10 . dosratsat fo thromdoere, SR 3664 . ruccsat a ndocar . . . ┐ i n-daire tar fairrge . . . leo, Cog. 42.19 . fogebtís . . . gorta ┐ doire, PH 4050 . traill a nomine trulla .i. lossat . . . ar d.¤ a fognama baseness , Corm. Y 1249 . dorat Eithne dáire fuirri ┐ rop í in dáire .i. nái méich arba do bleith cech lái servitude , SG ii 491.37 . daig fognait do na maithibh, is i a ndairi that is what constitutes their base status, Laws v 96.14 Comm. ní ar dhaíri na fineadhach sin acht ar dhaíri fhéir ┐ fhearaind ` liability ', Leb. Cert. 96.16 . In sense of stock held by a base client: nochon i athcuirther acht in daire, Laws ii 208.27 Comm. Cf. 1 saíre. Of the relation of a pupil to his teacher: cach felmac i n-aimsir daire do fithidir, ZCP xiv 375 § 38 ( Laws ii 288.7 ).

(b) dearness, costliness: (of Gobbán saor) go rodallta la hoirbire na naomh for a dáoire friú ┐ méd a loighi for charging them so much (for building), BNnÉ 10.14 . in tan do-chuaidh an fearann a ndaoire, PCT 801 .

Compd. ¤lige servitude: nos marthait a ndaoiriligi la Neimhedh, Leb. Gab.(i) 74.17 . in daoire lige, 19 .

losaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. losaid or dil.ie/30701
Last Revised: 2019

v (1 los) grows, increases, is produced; yields, produces : arge graece indolis interpretatur indili arindī lossas i ndile (sic leg. ?), O'Mulc. 53 . lethloss . . . .i. leith in neich ro losustar acut, O'Curry 440 ( H 3.18, 237a ). im ini folosas no inasus ona cethraibh; no is foilli losait ac neoch .i. samaisci ┐ colpacha . . . it is the young cattle that are produced, Laws i 190.7 Comm . trian cach neich losas ┐ asas ┐ infoirbres air, iii 126.22 Comm . ni lossat na troich / recait bernaid ṁbraith, TBC-LL¹ 3956 (cloisit, cloiseat, v.ll.). fir daera a bunudh ┐ losuit combít cúicer cona gelfine samluidh ac aen flaith, O'D. 449 ( H 3.17, 346 ). gentair amal turcu / losfait amal grán, LL 18610 . l.¤ foirbríg fer (fer foirbrig, MS.) `men's vigour thrives,' Ériu xvii 91 § 10 (? leg. grass grows to excess). lossaig [= lossaid?] eo train lige `a yew grew up', RC xiii 222.28 (asaigh, v.l. = ásaid?). is ed not-losathar .i. [i]s edh not-[ḟ]uillter 'it is the period in which you are increased in wealth … i.e. it is the period in which you are awarded damages', Contract Law 196 § 59 = ised no tlusaither .i. sedh no thuillter, H 3.18 446a ( O'Curry 1098 ).

losat

Cite this: eDIL s.v. losat or dil.ie/30703

Forms: losad

n ā, f. losad, IGT Decl. § 54.

(a) kneading-trough: losad gl. trolla, Ir. Gl. 42 . trulla .i. lossat , Corm. Y 1249 . lethech . . . ainm . . . do losait arindī lethait[h]ir bairgin fuirre, Corm. Y 825 . cia beith a lin na n-oged ni dechas for losait doib fria aidche (i.e. the supply of bread never failed), Irish Texts i 3 § 7. Freq. in law-texts in lists of household goods: folestrai iter erna ┐ loiste[a] ┐ chóidiu, Críth G. 176. tincur tigi caich . . . aiel ┐ caire, l.¤ ┐ criathar, Laws i 122.13 . losad, criathar, ceartfhuine, iv 8.23 (cf. O'Dav. 526 ). ni bi i mbantellach acht . . . l.¤ ┐ criathar, Laws i 148.1 . bro ┐ losut ┐ criathrud [do munudh] dia n-ingeanuibh (of the instruction suitable for the daughters of an `ócaire'), ii 152.11 Comm . ní eter lic ┐ lossait no o thenid co fraig . . . rom altsa (i.e. I was brought up among nobles—not among serfs), LU 10280 . doberat a mnaa saera ar brontib ┐ lostib, TBC-LL¹ 1759 (loisdib, v.l.). be luirge . . . be loisde, O'D. 2228 ( Nero A vii, 153b ). dá loistibh fuinte, Exodus xii 34. Fig. to represent household in the levying of tribute: do bátar fir Tethba i ngéillsine mhóir dhó .i. . . . bairgen cacha loisdi ┐ screapall gacha caithreach for every household . . . for every adult, SG i 87 .x . cain cacha leicci ┐ cacha loisdi ┐ screball cacha duine, Irish Texts iii 8 § 21 . cíos ar an losait, ┐ cíos ar an mbróin, Atlantis iv 160.20 .

(b) Fig. losad . . . `table spread with food', O'Don. Suppl. mairc dec[h]ras don domun dīan / . . . / a [ḟ]leda, a loste lāna, ZCP vii 498.10 . dochiu oidhche i mbrugh í Bhreasail / lucht uim losaid, Ó Bruad. ii 56.6 .

tráill

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tráill or dil.ie/41584

n (Germanic loanwd. Cf. O. Norse praéll, Engl. thrall) slave: traill a nomine trulla .i. lossat .i. ar dóire a fognama, Corm. Y 1249 , `a thrall a nomine trulla i.e. a kneading trough i.e. for the slavishness of its service,' Corm. Tr. 162 . Misunderstood by O'Cl. in: traill .i. losad. ┐ on focal so trullo a dubhradh. Hence `kneading-trough ,' O'R., Dinneen . puttrall .i. fait-trall .i. faitbed do traillib hi, Corm. Tr. 138 . Cf. cacht .i. cumal .i. bantraill, O'Mulc. 265 . traill odur ulchach areachtra, IT iii 86 § 88 . a thraaill, RC xxi 312.6 . an cú sebhrach nó an t.¤ tú, IGT Decl. ex. 2091 . tidlacad troch | tugadh on t.¤ , Irish Texts i 27 § 17.