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airbert(n)ugud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airbert(n)ugud or dil.ie/1629

vn. of airbertnaigid: iar n-a.¤ n-airm (crotadh v.l.) shaking , Alex. 25 . With cath giving battle(?): ba fri luad síd ┐ córa . . . ┐ ni fri hairbertnugud catha, Alex. 762 (ba hoc airbertach cora ní bu og airbertach catha budesin v.l.). oc airbertugud in chathaigthi, 721 (oc tairbert, v.l.). Note also: dosfecait leomain . . . oc airbertnugud na slóg ┐ for díchlannad in catha, Alex. 734 (oc airbertugh (sic) in catha ┐ for dithugud in sluaigh v.l.). feghe ┐ feallsamhnacht ┐ airbertugad miled military prowess , 488b20 (Alex.).

airlúad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airlúad or dil.ie/2229

n ( lúad ) act of setting in motion, preparing: munab cumachtach sibh ar erluadh no ar urfoichill catha do cor co crib, Leb. Gab.(i) 254 n.4 . tria erluadh catha, n.5 . em-arluad (gloss on imlúad), Laws v 258.27 Comm.

amlúad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. amlúad or dil.ie/3153

n o, m. (1 lúad ) affliction, tribulation: gan anaoibh gan amhluadh aigeanta, TSh. 2716 . fear gan amhluadh einigh air, DDána 117.21 . troime an amhluaigh do fhoillsigh, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 340.8 . cúis amhluaidh, Content. xxiv 1 . fachain amhluaidh do chrích Chuirc, Ó Bruad. iii 46.3 .

bobeloth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bobeloth or dil.ie/6211
Last Revised: 2013

n : Fénius Farsaid … | hé ro ben in mbobeloth (inbó bellóidh, in bo belloidh, v.ll.) | cen lúad ar laiclitir lé, | aipgitir na Gaídilce `Fénius Farsaid … it was he who engraved the bobeloth without mention of a weak letter by it, the alphabet of the Irish language´ Peritia viii 133 § 61 .

ceilid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ceilid or dil.ie/8460
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: -cleth, cleithe, cleithi, ceilemain, ceilt, celad, cleth

v On indic. pres. 1 s. *cilu, *-ci[u]l (- cill, ACL iii 296.37 , cil, Fél.² lxi 7 ) see Bergin, Ériu xi 137 . For ā-subj., ē-fut., t-pret., pret. pass. -cleth see GOI 380 , 404 , 422 , 439 . For fut. with short vowel see Celtica xiii 23 (note to l. 189) . Part. cleithe, Vbl. of necess. cleithi, Vn. ceilemain, ceilt, celad, cleth. IGT Verbs § 34 .

Hides, conceals (ar, for from).

(a) Of objects: nudachelat gl. latentes, Ml. 54c9 . nuda-chéiltis cliatha (do.), 61a2 . nichelt [in] macc sochuide a multitude did not hide the son(?), Thes. ii 291.11 . ō Chríst nād cétla celar `who is not concealed in song', 352.1 . ro cleth cruth shapes have been obliterated (i.e. by snow in winter), LU 859 . rocleith Nia ben Lugnao indala coic lie do Corbmac, ZCP viii 103.3 (B. na f.). gid í Meadhb do célta a clú, IGT Verbs ex. 333 . créd fa cceilfinn ar mo rí[gh] / a bhfuarus uadha do mhaoín?, KMMisc. 368.9 . coro ceilti iatha . . . in talman foraib, Grail 2810 .

(b) Of facts, statements, information, etc. : dia celmis Crist do ergi o marbaib if we concealed the fact that, LB 224a16 . celid . . . diabul in fers = male . . . interpretatus est diabolus, PH 4842 . do ceileadh fios ara bh-faidhibh ann sin, ML 74.3 . docheltatar tra a muinter ar P. aní etc., Lat. Lives 56.9 . go gceilfeadh gach ní do nochtfadh seisean . . . dí that she would keep secret, Keat. ii 5276 .

(c) V. freq. in neg. does not conceal the fact that, a fact ; hence by litotes admits, allows, concedes; states, declares : ní ceilsom tra asné crist inlie, Wb. 4d16 (ref. to sicut scriptum est). nicheil cid dabíd gl. et Dauid dicit, 5b5 . nichélat indécnaide, / leir adfiadat . . . , SR 8181 . ni cheil in banḟaith Fedelm says so, LU 4585 . ní chélam as banchomarle that is obviously womanish advice, 4636 . ní chéltar orut ón I shall tell you that, TBFr. 324 . níchelam inráithe dothét foir .i. samrad, ZCP viii 175.29 . ní cheil mé ar máthair an Dúilimh `I say plainly to', Dán Dé xix 20 .

(d) Hence in chevilles: lúad nad cél I shall declare it plainly, Thes. ii 290.7 . ni-n-ceil (sic leg.), SR 7443 `es ist uns nicht verborgen', Wortk. 129 (950.y) . na ceil, LL 15393 . ni chelar, BNnÉ 314 § 8 .

(e) withholds, hoards, stints; suppresses, destroys : do ceiled athair ar a mac, LL 270a8 . ceilter in comrād-sin acu ōsin amach `thenceforth they ceased from . . .', Fianaig. 64.1 . ní chéala a chrodh will not stint, Magauran 4165 . ar a gceiltear fala whom none can hate, DDána 102.42 . cadad le ceiltear séimhiughadh an fhocuil bhíos na dhíaigh (as in bean trom etc.) is cancelled, IGT Introd. § 50 . ro ceilid uisceda an tire forro, Grail 1434 . is é an gníomh soin . . . / cheileas a shéan, TSh. 5461 `destroys', Gloss.

(f) With prepp. other than ar, for: ni celt ceis ceol de cruit Crabtene, LU 622 `concealed not music', RC xx 167 ( ACC 20 ), cf. Corp. Gen. 18.25 , Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 9 § 1 , Fing. R. 384 . nā ceil dam-sa in fírindi, BColm. 100.19 . fá cheann ní céaltair a n-iocht, Dán Dé xxvii 7 .

(g) The following are unclear: nī chēl a dōe ar Loge, Corp. Gen. 404.27 `his arm doth not fail L.', RC xvi 70 ( Dinds. 118 ). M. celas clú, LL 6384 ( MS. Mat. 480 ) = 380b33 . aro cheil cách corp an rígh `since the body of the king was hidden from all', AFM ii 898.7 . M. cheileas mná, Magauran 287 (`who entertains'? notes).

cin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cin or dil.ie/9104

Forms: cinnta, cionaidh, c., c., ceana, cion

n t, m., GOI p. 206 . For n p. cinnta, Ml. 62d5 see ib. 205 . n s. also cionaidh, Ériu xiii 30.18 . a s. gan a cen, ZCP x 49.1 . d s. lán do chen, Rel. Celt. ii 206.z . c.¤ f. (dental infl.), IGT Decl. § 4 adding acht na ceananna; comair na gcenann is noted ceart do chanamain, ex. 247 while co centaibh is prohibited, ex. 246 . c.¤ m. (g s., n p., ceana), § 71 . Latter inflection v. freq. in later language. ? g p. cion, Content. xiv 18 (unrhymed).

I Guilt, fault, crime : ni nach c.¤ aile `it is not any other fault', Wb. 19d26 . brithemnacht forsin c.¤ -sa, 9b10 . ní fil ci[nta] doib fri Saul gl. culpae . . . conscii, Ml. 30b2 . na bad eola inar cintaib, gl. conpati infirmitatibus, Wb. 33b21 . is ái in c.¤ `his is the crime', Sg. 203a18 . it móra mo chinaid `great are my crimes', Fél. Ep. 387 . i cóictidi doluigdís cinaith la hóes rechtgae, Hib. Min. 26.x . cen fīach fair ina chintaib, Corm. Y 472 . bec in c.¤ tria chaingne chon, Sc.M² 21b . din chutrumma chinad noslenand, LU 2094 ( FA 16 ). ní ba c.¤ ṁbreithe in chlaidib beithir dí her crime in bringing the sword, TBFr. 248 (where c.¤ a s. ?, cf. v.l. p. 20). nībbōi c.¤ nombeith dóib, TBC-I¹ 2907 . olc in cosc cinad romchrín (Eve speaks) punishment for sin, Ériu iii 148 § 2 (`the wicked advice'). fiarfaighidh damh créad mo chion the charge against me, Magauran 856 . toil na gciontadh love of sin, Dán Dé xviii 10 . cealg ar gcionadh, DDána 12.4 . bean chúitigheas ar gceana (of Mary), 7.32 . maor measta ar gcean (Archangel Michael), PBocht 2.39 . sein-eol an cheana `the old way of sin', Dán Dé xxi 16 . marbh ó bhar gceanaibh ┐ ó bhar bpeacaidhibh mortui delictis et peccatis, TSh. 1192 .

Attrib. gen.: m'fhear cionadh enemy , DDána 101.52 . im intinn cheana sinful mind, Aithd. D. 92.21 . ní ro-theacht Ísu nach ṅgaile chinad do pecud any stain of the guilt of sin, PH 4826 . dáil cheana occasion of sin, DDána 10.34 . With follg. gen.: co . . . foltaib fíraib . . . cintaib laíme `for crimes of hand', Tec. Corm. 2.24 . silliud súla, cintaib bél, 26 . cin laime, cin coise, c.¤ tengad, c.¤ bel, c.¤ sula, Laws i 238.10 . cin leagha, IGT Decl. ex. 1138 . Prov. gach ciontaigh a chion, Celtica i 103.507 . In cheville: cid lór do chion, BS 68.7 .

Of specific sins, crimes: cion na drúise, Dán Dé xxxi 34 . cin na hecni sin of violence, PH 7537 . cion an fhormaid, Dán Dé xxxi 39 . cion an fhuatha, 38 . cion na sainte, 37 . cen duine do marbhadh ina cintaib comraiti `intentional crimes', Laws i 14.8 Comm. cionta comhraite .i. cionta as a riocht, O'Cl. Of sexual sin: c.¤ do epscop Mél fria fiair, Trip.² 980 . connach fedar-sa c.¤ ó ḟir eli ó ro imig sin (Penelope), Mer. Uil.2 238. go ngébhadh Oigh toircheas gan chion fir, Carswell 114.19 . Med.: foillsigid . . . cionta na nae vitia hepatis, 23 K 42, 125.13 .

II In phrases. Preceded by prep.: ferr duit nech aile ar na cintaibh at fault, ZCP vi 272 § 10 . cen chinta friu-som gl. gratis inimicitias eius patior, Ml. 142b5 . cen cinta `without offence', 74a1 . cen chinaid n-uaim fri nech gl. sine causa, 54d16 . lucht céssais cen chinaid `crimeless folk', Fél. Jan. 17 . in fíren do crochadh cen cinaid, PH 2933 . N . . . . [do marbad] . . . cin chuis cin cinaid, Ann. Conn. 1306.11 . do-rocair . . . / do laimh Cethirn go cciontaibh in return(?), TBC St. 3740 . Ruad mac Baduirn ba d'Ultaib / nuall cach glanuill co cintaib, LL 2589 . co cinaidh, Leb. Cert. 206.9 . di chinaid, prep. phrase with gen.: tuccus doibhsion da chionaid / ionad i ccoraidh mo tempuill in return, BNnÉ 175.3 . ? Cf. do chinaib cuna / guin fiachglanta, YBL 179b12 = BB 259b1 . i cin(aid), i cintaib with gen. or Vn. phrase in revenge, atonement for: cim[b]ith i cinaid .u.ir `a captive for every five persons concerned' (of penalty for breach of a king's protection), Ériu xvi 37 § 3 . i ccinaid a m[e]ic `in atonement for the liability of his son', ibid. a cinta oirccne `on account of injury done', Mon. Tall. 155.29 . a mmbarbad ar Fíanna Fáil / i cinaid marbtha Dubáin, LL 29354 . hi cinta ind fergoirt do milliud, LU 8526 ( FB 38 ). 'n-a chion féin `through its own fault', Magauran 3724 . Similarly tré chin(aid), chinta: tré ch.¤ drochmna, IT i 75.6 ( LMU 13 ). ronlaad a Parthus tria china[i]d imarbois (said by Adam to Eve), MacCarthy 60.23 . tré chenaib in popuil, Caithr. Thoirdh. 4.15 . With follg. prep.: cen chinaid for mnāi / do réir dligid Dé `do not hold a woman liable', KMMisc. 272.1 . ní mó . . . a c.¤ frib . . . indás na tucsaid úadib, LU 8980 ( FB 73 ). ni fetur-sa c.¤ dam frit `I know of no wrong I have done thee', Grail 2109 . ní fhoil cion riomsa ag R. R. has nothing to complain of against me, Aithd. D. 48.16 .

Other phrases: do-gní cin(aid) fri offends against: na cinta aili do niat na daíne risin ferann, Laws iv 140.19 Comm. re ghnuis nderg go ndentar c.¤ `till some charge is brought against his blushing face'(?), Magauran 2997 . With cuirid: dá mbeinn dod chur i gciontaibh if I were to accuse you, DDána 88.22 . cionnta go gcuire ar do ghaoltaibh, Aithd. D. 26.16 . ? Cf. nī mō leis (= le Dīa) blāth droigin duibh / ┐ cāch do chur 'na ch.¤ / . . . inā duille da chor d'fidh taking everybody into account(?), ZCP vi 269 § 13 .

As quasi-vn.: ēside o[c] cinaith frit-sa, ACL iii 295 § 21 `that itself is what's sinning against you,' Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 104 .

III

(a) In legal contexts offence, crime, etc. for which the doer is answerable at law, hence with meaning liability, guilt, incurred penalty, etc.: focerdar c.¤ co fergac `liability is attached to the angry man', BDC 25 . imdích dliged a chéle cintaib cuir (of duties of `flaith'), Críth G. 339 `in regard to liabilities arising from contract?' (Notes). .vii. claid . . . na[d] dírenatar cinaid `whose liabilities are not atoned for', Ériu xvii 70 § 13 . óthá suidiu hícad cách cinaid a c[h]laid `the liability of his ditch', 72 § 14 . a ḟrepaid ó ḟi[u]r chinad guilty party, Críth G. 60 . c.¤ comḟocuis responsibility for a relative or legal connection: c.¤ cach comfoguis for araile `liability of each kinsman upon the other' (as with éiric), Laws i 262.16 . imtha fri cion comfocuis `it is likewise with liability of kindred', Stud. in E. Ir. Law p. 145 , glossed is amlaid sin atait re hic cinta comfocuis, amail comruinnit in dibad is amlaid comruinnid (ícaid, v.l.) in cinaid. cion comhgais, cáin nó díol do bhuain amach i n-éiric nó i n-eineaclainn an loit . . . doghní neach . . . d'á charaid nó d'á chineadh, Keat. i 68.47 . is mo sidhe do ch.¤ `thy liability . . . is greater than (the value of) this (sword)', IT iii 201 § 75 . Cf. berid-si lib ina c.¤ fén iat (said to tax collectors) `in their own discharge', Todd Lect. vi 44 § 64 .

(b) Hence in sense of payment due, levy, exaction : ? fri commus a cheana ┐ a smachta ┐ a fiadhaig (`rule'), IT iii 199.8 . ? oenach Cuile co cintaib appropriation, LL 25093 . ni beiride acht cethramthain di ch.¤ na somane, di orbu na saetur (of the iarḟine), Laws iv 284.6 . cion do chuir i nDruim Lethan / do rioghaibh mar gnathachadh (of a proposal to billet soldiers on the community of D.L.), BNnÉ 288.33 . can luad cairti 'n-a cenaib `without mention of a charter for their tributes', Hy Fiach. 212.y . ceathruime cidh ima ḟuil / c.¤ leathbaile na lenmain why has a quarter the dues of a half-village? IGT Decl. ex. 194 . gníomh d'fhearann saor ar gach ein-c[h]ion `free from every impost', Misc. Arch. Soc. 190.8 . do bhuain chean `to get dues', O'Hara 2598 . Cf. kinduff alias black rent, Fiants Eliz. 5997 quoted Measgra D. Gloss. p. 243 .

(c) booty, plunder, and hence by implication victory, triumph, success: buáil-si um cheanuibh gach críche `take the spoil of every country', Ériu ix 8.88 . gáir na stoc i n-am na gcean, Measgra D. 57.22 . cena mora ┐ crecha aidbli, Ann. Conn. 1365.5 . urusa dhuit déanaimh cean `to win triumphs,' TD 1.45 . mall ar gcéimne leis an gcion we travelled slow with the `creach', Aithd. D. 6.44 . le neart-ghoil céimeann nó cean `triumphs', Content. xxx 21 . ag cuimhne a gcean `recalling their exploits', O'Hara 4406 .

(d) share, due portion : do chion (sic leg.) d'fágháil do'n éiric, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 364.17 . gan chion i gcogar Dé dhamh `part', Dán Dé xxvi 14 . breith na clainne is cean [do] mhartra is a kind of martyrdom, DDána 32.17 . ? dá shochar do gheibhthear as an Aifrionn . . . cion impidhe ┐ leóirghníomh, Eochairsg. 51.6 . Hence in pl. fortune, weal : daoine ar tí chean a chéile `set against each other's weal', Dán Dé vii 17 . dh'ionnramh chean ó gCéin `to serve (as defence for) their interests', O'Hara 2393 . díon ar gcean `to secure our fortunes', Aithd. D. 84.37 .

In chevilles: ard an cion, DDána 17.23 . mór an cion, O'Hara 3241 .

As quasi-conj.: cion a raibhe do shólás . . . dá bhfuaradar . . . go raibhe sé do dhólás orra . . . the greater the pleasure . . . . the greater the misery . . . , TSh. 3730 . cion a bhfuil d'fhad-dáil . . . atá sé do chaoile tanto . . . quanto, 5405 .

(e) love, affection (for development of meaning cf. cuit, 1 pairt): Críosd dom chion san bhrátha-ló `may Christ love me', Celtica iv 169.272 . maircc as gar da chill go ccion `dear', BNnÉ 286.31 . tarbh tána ar nar ceileadh cion `well-beloved' (of warrior), O'Hara 3469 . ró ceana `great affection', 2993 . onóir ┐ míoonóir (sic), cion ┐ neimhchion, do thabhairt d'én nduine abháin, Desid. 2367 .

(f) esteem, respect : menicniugad cena do denam (of a `céile' rising up before his `flaith'), O'Curry 621 ( H 3.18, 300 ). gan a cen ar naomh nō ar dhān, ZCP x 49.1 . a chion do réir a ríaghla, Bard. Synt. Tr. 3.22 . mic Uisnigh dhár chóir c.¤ , IT ii2 115.25 . is beg in c.¤ ata acan tren[n]íadh ugud oirne `respect . . . for us', Stair Erc. 1477 . méad an cheana do bhíodh ag cách ar an inchinn `how highly everyone prized', Keat. ii 3085 . ní fhuil cion innte ar fhéiltibh (of Ireland), Measgra D. 55.17 . With defining gen.: cion áonanma as .c. orra they are to be treated as one noun, Bard. Synt. Tr. 203.11 . ní bhíodh cion fírinne ortha `were not regarded as genuine', Keat. ii 3878 .

In phrases. cuirid i c.¤: m'anam thuas dá chur i gcion being honoured, DDána 12.8 . do cheird féin ní chuire i gcion `you do no credit to your art', Content. xxiv 8 . túis dod ghuidhe cuir i gcion `urge thy most zealous petition', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxv 1 . féile an leinbh gá chora i gcion `making it manifest', Ériu ix 166 § 32 . roinn ar ar chuireadar cion the division which they fixed, Content. xi 7 . téid i c.¤: ní théid a rún cliachdha a gcion does not go into effect, LBranach 3543 . fo ch.¤ respected: gearr an seal thugsad fa chion, Content. v 106 . do ghlac an rígh an macaomh go honórach ┐ do bhí fá cion aige, Eochairsg. 114.13 .

In phr. c.¤ fátha (printed as compd.) occasion (of sin, etc.): ar ngabáil chionfátha dhon pheacadh, Romans vii 8 . do chum nach tiubhruinn cionfátha don druing lé na mían cionfátha dhfaghail, 2 Cor. xi 12 . Cf. cennḟáth and Dinneen s.v. fáth .

Compds. do chleith mo cheanfhaghla, Aithd. D. 55.3 . le Dia [gidh] cin-iomdha ar gcás, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxiv 10 .

comlúad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comlúad or dil.ie/11460

n ( lúad ): do chomhluadh catha ` waging battle', MR 284.14 .

dísc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dísc or dil.ie/16771

Forms: disc

(dí + sesc) adj barren, dry, run dry (of cattle, rivers, and fig.), and subst. barrenness, dryness: O'Don. Suppl. P. O'C. (diosc), aimrid, díosg, seasg barren, Eg. Gl. 22 . dioscc a cethra milkless , AFM i 96.4 . idir an dís, a tuile 'san d.¤ deluge and drought, Ó Bruad. ii 170 . an fearann díosg, Job xxxix 6 . ris an díosc nach beirionn the barren that beareth not, xxiv 21 . mairg do thréagfadh . . . tobar lán . . . ar an ccuir chriadh téid a ndiosg that runs dry, Ó Héodhusa 252 . dochuaidh an sruth . . . a ndíosg, Book of O'Conor Don 181a17 . i meadhón a aoise i ndíosc ní rachadh, Ó Bruad. i 146 . cúic bliadna . . . | o gein Crist i mBeithil buain | cen disc ar breithim brathluain, Lec. 354a39 . mar bhíos Críost san ghille ghlan | gan díosc 'na inne iodhan as Christ a never-failing source dwells in his pure disciple's heart, Arch. Hib. i 99 . lón gan locht, gan díosc, Keat. Poems 1259 . tri bliadna trichat . . ., maith dobēr mar nach disc dam, | o gen Crist nocor cēsad I will give (the number) aright as I have it in full (?), Lec. 363b37 . riaghuil nach diosg do dhailedh | bliaghuin Criosd re a chomhaiream an unfailing rule, Rel. Celt. i 143 (= ba riaghail nach díosc le n-áireamh, P. O'C. s.v. díosc) . As adv.: nach lamat lúad co disc diuir | cuirp Críst chiúin cen anart sroill let them (sc. clergy) not presume to administer the sacrament in grudging, penurious wise without a silken altar-cloth, LB 108b62 .

diúir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. diúir or dil.ie/16961

Forms: diuir

adj trifling, petty, mean: nírbo diuir (.i. nibu bec nó nibu dereoil) in gābud di, Hy. v 31 . ní dalb droṅggeṅg díur, LL 132a50 . deithbir dam cid diúir mo dath homely, plain (?), 37c57 ( Auraic. 5377 ). nach lamat luad co dísc diuir | cuirp Crist chíuin cen anart sroill meanly, LB 108b62 . diur cach co rath muc .i. is difoirithnech cach rath . . . is diur no is daor cach fer, O'D. 513 ( H 3.17 416 -17). diur cach terc ┐ terc cach doim, O'Curry 230 ( H 3.18 125 ) = diuir, 1388 ( 630a—b ). In cheville: ni diuir not trifling , AFM 925 (poem). As n.pr. m. Diuir Enaig, LL 360g50 . Gorm. May 19 .

doilig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. doilig or dil.ie/17839
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: duilig, doilid, doilgi, duilgium, doiligh

adj also duilig, doilid. See under suilig.

(a) hard (to do), difficult, troublesome: cach ceist duilig, LL 221a47 ( TTr. 308 ). cath dolig dibergach, Cog. 178 . cless doilig, Metr. Dinds. iii 62 . mór léim ndoiligh rolinges, BS 62 . i ndeabhthaibh duilghe, AFM v 1694 . is dolig a fiss, FA § 12 . is doilig a n-imfulang, Laws v 312.7 Comm. ba dulig cor ristí (leg. risintí) robói and it was hard to cope with, CRR § 55 . Compar. is glicu ┐ is dolgiu, TBC-I² 11 note a . is andsa .i. is doilgi , Laws i 252.16 Comm. anscuiche .i. is doilgiti a scuchad, iii 12.19 . doilgi ná gach gleó dibhsin comhrac in laich, MR 312 . Superl. (for compar.): in fail . . . comlonnaid a aesa is duilgium andásum? harder to encounter, TBC-LL¹ 849 = as andsam, LU. With DO: dolig duit gním n-erred do gabail fort it is hard for you, TBC-I¹ p. 63 n. 19 (LU). fa dolig dóib fri[th]airle int shlúaig romóir, TBC-LL¹ 452 . ní doilig duit co ndena bairgena dona clochaib-se, PH 4796 . a luad nocha doilid dam, Hy Fiach. 230 . ní hí a aés is dulgium dó his age is not his greatest difficulty, TBC-LL¹ 846 . With LA: ragat-sa lib imbárach cid duilig lim, LL 27a23 . an fear comhlainn céad is doilge leat it aghaidh whom you deem hardest (to encounter), Ériu i 87 ; ZCP x 286.28 . ní doilge leiss dul 'na dáil andás i ndáil cech bíid archena he deems it as light a matter to go to partake of it (the Sacrament) as of any other food, PH 5348 .

(b) hard to bear, grievous, distressing: scéla doilge (: choimde), SG 356.13 . co rīs in saidhbri suilid | iar ndai[d]bri duilig domoin, ZCP vi 264 § 8 . pian ele ba doilche inā sin, Aisl. Tond. 97 . ropa doilid la Dubthach ini sin, Laws i 6.24 . ac dighail Dé dhoiligh (Conchubar avenging the death of Christ), RC vi 77 . a fhir do chumm in cruinde | doilig lind do lettruimme, LB 186a13 . gidh doiligh linn gan leanmhain | don bhuidhin, DDána 97.28 . gér dhoiligh ris an rígh na scéala sin, Keat. iii 5382 .

As subst. difficulty, strait: tú-sa i ndulig I am in a fix, TBC-LL¹ 1338 . mac Decill fri duiligh, Gorm. Jan. 1 . i ndulig erraig in the hard time of spring (?), Hib. Min. p. 65 .

(c) Of persons hard, stern, intractable, inexorable: ba dulig irgaile I was stern in battle, Tec. Corm. § 7 . áilgin ag áibhness, rodoiligh i n-irghail, Expugn. Hib. § 5 . abbair fris nip diumsach duilig, ZCP xi 84 § 34 . corbat sídaig teglach tréin | gurbat duilig i ndroibhél, SG 107 . frissin fher ndoilig ndemnach, PH 89 . fiche cét Danar dian dolig, Cog. 152 . ag riarachadh dhámh ndoiligh hard to please, Arch. Hib. i 89.3 . pn As sobriquet (?): iar ṅDonnchad duilig (: bruidin), Rawl. 163b6 . Adv. ag tagra go tuirseach doiligh ré Dia, TSh. 4208 .

drem(m)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. drem(m) or dil.ie/18631

Forms: drem, dream

n ā, f. (in later lang. a d s. also drem, dream). Indefinite number of people, band, company: drem .i. diairimh, O'Dav. 698 . atat drem dermár aile and, FA § 29 . drem timairciter ar ecin, § 23 . mórdrém (leg. -drem) Dé, Fél. May 21 . sardrem a great throng , Gorm. 13 . munter Padraic . . . drem ca roibi roLaiden, Lec. 92d12 . dream nó táin dod shluagh, Oss. vi 26.16 . co romarbsat dreimm moir, AU 1018 . romarb Dubthach in dreim cáem, LL 153b28 . co ndréim aile do mathib Ulad, LU 2900 . in dara drem . . . in drem aile (two teams in a game), Laws iii 252.5 . bud sgiath dítin do gach dreim, SG 18.34 . amus do tabairt ar drem do coblach Sil M. on (some of) the people of the fleet, RC xviii 166.4 (Tig., cf. CS 1145 ). d'oendreim dóib they were of one company, BColm. 90.11 . iar barbad (= marbad) dremmi, LU 4348 . ar luad cacha láechdreimme heroic folk, Metr. Dinds. iv 24 . dá trian na dreme dorochair do nimh, O'Dav. 698 . ar marbhadh dréime móir (sic) do muinntir L., TFrag. 148.21 . mac Noe na n-il-drem, LL 520 . Murend ingen C. . . . eter dremmaib gualand nglan among bands of white-shouldered women, 140b12 . ní rondegtherb dia dremmaib he did not well to separate from his troops, Metr. Dinds. ii 48.30 . tiaghaid amach iona ndreamaibh by bands, Proverbs xxx 27 .

Of definite individuals: romarb Fer diad, duairc in drem, | Dam ndreimed is Dam ndilend, TBC-LL¹ 4128 . ceithri meic B. ba drem dil, Lec. 439b6 . is iad an dias ban úd ┐ an dá dhraoi dream ba táscamhla d'fhine Ghaedhil, Keat. ii 1398 .

Freq. with partitive DE some of: fóidit úadib dreimm . . . dia túathaib, SR 4651 . rofhóid drem do na Farsaidib imalle fris, PH 2175 . adbathadur drem díb, ZCP viii 274.23 . bualadh T. do drem dia muindtir fén, RC xviii 35 (Tig.). In absol. constr.: doní dream denam aile some give another version, Metr. Dinds. iii 362 . drem . . . drem some . . . others: drem díb-sin nocha dlegur . . . drem eile diub dlegur . . ., Laws ii 86.5 , 8 Comm. drem díb dan anaithnigh | drem díb dan eól, ZCP viii 216.7 . drém uainn 'na cotlud, drém oc faire, drémm oc cantain chiúil, Todd Lect. vi 54.2 . Cf. trí tráth . . . doréir foirne ┐ sechtmain doréir dreimi eili, SG 50.22 . Folld. by defining rel. clause, of a particular class of people: mellaid demun . . . in drém na techtait in fír-Dia, PH 1950 . an dream do léighfeadh anmanna na dtreabh soin whosoever should read, TSh. 452 . an dream ag a maithfidhe a bpeacaidhe dhóibh (= quorum remiseritis peccata), Eochairsg. 7.6 . da dhearbhadh cia an dream lér thuiteadar, Keat. ii 1474 . So with gen.: do dreim na heiséirgi resurrection-folk , ZCP viii 211.18 . cian a drem inguire uad those who would have tended him, O'Gr. Cat. 361.16 . dream an teagaisc teachers , Gadelica 4.17 .

Rarely of animals or things: marbaid dam dreim de lochdaib kill me some mice, SG 313.18 . atbert E. dreim dona briathraib-se, BB 422a37 .

Cf. dramm.

eigre, oigre, eiger, eigir, oigir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. eigre, oigre, eiger, eigir, oigir or dil.ie/19767
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: eigre, eigre, oigre, t-oíghre, t-óighre, oighrigh, eigir, oigir

n (eidre, etc. also common) (AN loanword Risk 588 ) heir, inheritor, successor, descendant (often equivalent to mac). The earliest dateable ex. recorded is eigher (:deiredh) in a 13th cent. poem 23 N 28, 35 (see below), but eigre (oigre), the commoner form, may be older.

(a) eigre, oigre m.: oigri eghre, IGT Decl. § 2 . eigri an iarla the earl's heir ex. 98 = Ridgeway Essays 324.11 . AFM v 1530.21 . TD 32.36 . eidhre Dé (i.e. Christ), Dán Dé ii 21 . tú ar nAthair...tú ar n-oidhre, xxvii 13 . mac i n-ionadh an athar | dob oircheas... | a athair na oighre dhó | ...as ḟachain iarghnó, GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 625 . lúad m'eigre fom' inad, Metr. Dinds. iii 62. 111 . a hairm 'na eigre dissi her place was heir to her (i.e. it carried on her name) 60.75 . oighre (eighre) Cuirc (= descendant of Corc) GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 284 . TD 9.51 . go mbia triur óigred oc fir husarachta .i. bésti ┐ nathracha ┐ cruma, PH 7587 . díchor óigrechta ona hóigrib dílsi, 7784 . dá oighribh, TD 32.70 . asé in mac thusmes is oigri air dia eis, Marco P. 67 . Keat. iii 2104 . ni fuil do cloind agum acht aeiningen ┐ is i is oigri orum, ZCP vi 52. 22 . Ériu v 198.639 . athair gan oighre, mathair gan mhac, TSh. 1169 . nach fuighedh se a dhiol clemhnuis da mbiadh oighre denta ar a shliochd ar tus, Rel. Celt. ii 158. 22 . cibé...doní oighre don eaglais, TSh. 5152 . With gen. or ar of what is inherited: a chealla...dfagbáil 'ga n-urradhaibh ┐ 'ga n-oighredhaibh iomcuibhde dia éis BNnÉ 264.11 . cinnit aca oigre...do denomh do naomh-Muire ar a n-uile innmhus, Fl. Earls 192.20 . Cf. an Rí as oighre ar na hainglibh, A. Ó Dálaigh i 10 . éisdid...rér nduain d'inghin a n-oighre the daughter of their inheritor (i.e. of him who has succeeded to headship over them) GF., Ir. Monthly 1919, 225 .

an t-oíghre , Matthew xxi 38 . an t-óighre , Galatians iv 1 . pl. oighrigh, Galatians iii 29 .

(b) eiger: fer cedmhaoite curadh | ni heccaointe a eigher, 23 N 28, 35 ; cf. Ir. Monthly 1921, 290 .

(c) eigir, oigir m.: in tráth sháiles duine mac díles do beth aige, is de dogní oighir, PH 7785 . mac airdríogh gan oighir air, IGT, Decl. ex. 1043 . mo char id gheimhil... fearr dhamh iná mh'eidhir ann, Dán Dé ix 2 . críoch gan oighir gan iarmhua, O'Gr. Cat. 452 = Studies 1921, 420 . rí Oiligh dob é a athair | sé 'na oighir d' Ultachaibh, Ir. Monthly 1921, 202 = YBL 374a37 . gurb é is aonoighir d' Eirinn, TD 8.18 . g s. ar úaigh oighir Eóin, IGT, Decl. ex. 365 . i n-uaig eigir [sic leg.] Ealanáir of E.'s son O'Gr. Cat. 381.10 .

feraid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. feraid or dil.ie/21676
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: fer, ferid, —fera, rofera, ferat, ɔdinroirea, condiroira, conroíret, fersai, ferais, fer—, fir—, nofired, firfeasa, firfassa, firfid, firfes, fhirfes, firis, ḟírastar, firfaider, firfitir, fiur—, fiurad, noḟurad, rom-fiurfu-sa, fiurfadh, furfadh, foir—, —foirfed, nosfórfed, fertom, feartot, ferthos, romferat, f.

v ā O. Ir. forms: imperat. s. 2 fer, Thes. ii 47.16 . pres. s. 3 ferid, Wb. 4b19 . —fera, Thes. ii 294.15 . (with ro-) rofera, 24b15 , 29b13 . pl. 3 rom ferat , Ml. 22d5 . pres. subj. s. 3 ɔdinroirea, Wb. 29b16 . cf. condiroira (for condid-roírea), Ériu vii 140.32 . pl. 3 conroíret, Wb. 29a9 . pret. s. 2 fersai, Blathm. 85 . s. 3 ferais Hy v 30 . SR 3033 .

In Mid. Ir. beside the normal fer— are found the stems:

(1) fir—: impf. s. 3 nofired, LU 10137 . fut. s. 1 firfeasa, TBC-I¹ 1023 = firfassa, LU 5504 . 3 firfid SR 8203 . Trip. 120.6 . rel. firfes, LU 4546 . fhirfes, B. in Scáil § 32 . pret. s. 3 firis, TBC-LL¹ 3388 . ra ḟírastar , LL 262b1 . Pass. fut. s. firfaider, 46b9 ( Ériu i 130 ). pl. firfitir, LU 10379 .

(2) fiur— (fur—), esp. in sense `suffices' or `supplies': impf. s. 3 no fiurad , LL 258b15 . noḟurad, 115b6 fut. s. 3 rom-fiurfu-sa, Ériu iv 142.14 . sec. fut. s. 3 con fiurfadh IT iii 188.2 = furfadh BB. Rarely foir—, sec. fut. s. 3 —foirfed, Acall. 3946 . nosfórfed, LU 2059 (cf. fo-fera) With suff. pron.: fertom ... feartot `serves me', `serves thee' Auraic. 1618 , 1619 (?) = 4691 ff . (see ZCP xvii 293 ). ferthos pays them (acc. pron.), Laws iv 328.3 . 330.14 (Críth Gablach).

The primary sense of the vb. is grant, afford, supply , and this is implicit in later development; the distinction below between I and II is mainly for convenience of reference.

I Grants, supplies .

(a) suffices, furnishes enough for; in Glosses with perfective ro— (lit. `is able to grant'); with pers. obj. (see ZCP xiii 105 § 5 ): coimsetu biid et áetich, ní rofera tantum just what suffices (gl. cum sufficientia) Wb. 29b13 . is suail romfera it is little suffices me 24b15 . mod ɔ dinroirea `the way that He supplies us' 29b16 . romferat they can suffice me Ml. 22d5 . co n-im[m]im rofera with sufficient butter Laws ii 254.3 . O'Dav. 947 . Cf. dofargaid arrofera offers what suffices (?) O'Dav. 979 (cf. Laws v 502y ). ól nguala, issí nofired Ultu uli, LU 10137 . nos-fiurad in ballán the cup used to suffice them (?) LL 370cx . ni taprad acht ēn-trian ┐ nofiuradh an sluaigh [sic] on trāth co 'role it used to suffice the host RC xii 70.1 . proinn cēd nosferud (nó fiuradh), BNnÉ 300.14 (feradh v.l.). nir bo bec immorro in biathad .i. muc ... do cach ḟir. No bítis fir istaig ... nach ferad sain whom that did not suffice LL 106b20 = Ériu iv 26.6 . rusfirfi min gainme will suffice them ZCP x 344.2 . nosfoirfed do biud boltnugud the smell would suffice them for food FA 13 LB = nosfórfed, LU 2059 . nom-firraidh do ascadhaibh satisfy me (imperat. pl. 2) ZCP xii 245 § 7 . roḟerastar torad in aen-méich bracha iat o Chaplait co Minchaisc eis ... abundauit Lat. Lives 72 (= co ro urthastar LB 64b5 ). Lism. L. 1361 . fúrfait bar cuirp coin your bodies will glut dogs Alex. 224 . confoirfed secht lanamna, Acall. 3946 (would be enough for ?). gilla ... usce innḟuar roḟoiread 1196 . ní nosfhiúrfadh in fhoirenn what would suffice the crew Hugh Roe² 4.16 (f. 2b) .

(b) with acc. of thing supplies, provides: ɔroíret a mbethid that they may provide their livelihood (gl. subministret illis) Wb. 29a9 . Cf. an cach rí ro fes follan fera [ = rofera f.¤ ?], O'Dav. 887 . rofherasdar mil ┐ fíon ... doibh, BNnÉ 110.19 . rofertha fer cacha maitne do fhuined muicci a man was told off every morning to cook a pig RC xiv 245 . ferdair a n-othrusa uile (i.e. they all get sick-maintenance) Laws iii 356.3 . O'Dav. 887 (`all their sick-maintenances are provided' BCrólige p. 90 ). In wider sense gives, yields, pays: gach call (= coll) ... go bferfa lán dabhcha dhe will yield a vat-full KMMisc. 168 § 3 . rosferastar Lasar di á cill L. bestowed her church on her Lism. L. p. 328y = Irish Texts i 16 (= obtulit Tertia V. c. 44 ). in tī nād mbī arbur feruid a lōgh do saimbiud he who has no corn supplies its complement of summer food BCrólige § 27 . feraid a lōg a rēir breitheaman pays Laws v 466.8 . fertair al-lōg di pennait, 390.8 . fertair a focruic a imcomus fer arocuile otrus `the fee for them is given in proportion' etc. BCrólige § 33 . muna rofeara (.i. muna eirne) flaith seotu, Laws ii 264.1 . (for: ro-era, as in 262.14 . 264.15 ? See ernaid). ferdair collna set in aithcuir are returned 322.5 ( ZCP xiv 387 ). ferthar .i. ērnithar, O'Dav. 979 .

(c) brings (?): drongtar fir, fertar mná are carried off (?) LU 5466 ( TBC-I¹ 990 , rhet.). Cf. feraid .i. atairgid, ut est: feraid insci di na rochar arra, O'Dav. 887 .

II Gives forth, pours .

(a) in lit. sense pours, showers, sheds, esp. of natural phenomena (rain, etc.). Orig. trans. and used impersonally or with refl. pron., later often intrans.: ferais snechta mór forru it snowed heavily on them LU 4777 . feraid snechta mór foroib, 10576 . feraid dertain IT iii 67 § 2 . tech innā fera flechod, Thes. ii 294.15 . nocar ḟer banne ina gort-si not a drop (of rain) fell Lat. Lives 85 . Cf. A mu Buach | feras in tond frisin mbruach, Anecd. i 12.21 (cf. aiges in tond ib. 19 ). Of blood, etc.: is ḟort raḟer mh'fuil was shed TBC-LL¹ 3955 . forfaidh [leg. ferfaidh ?] cru dar cuiged C. anocht aigi he will make blood flow ZCP viii 529.28 . fearaid ... déara aithrige ón inghin, A. Ó Dálaigh li 22 . Pól ... fearais cioth déar, Ir. Monthly, 1928, 437 . secht n-aithsceanmanda feardu (= ferte) fuil that shed blood Laws v 156.11 . do láim Find ferad a fuil `by the hand of F. her blood was spilt' Metr. Dinds. iii 234.20 . (but feraid v.l.). in ferfat ... frasa mo dēr dar mo gruaidh ?, ZCP x 46 § 6 . ilar fule firfitir, LU 10384 = firfaidtir , ZCP iii 256.22 (cf. d below). do fearadh an díle dóibh ... gur báitheadh iad, Keat. i p. 140.13 . Of other things than liquids: atchíu don bláth fertha fort ... bat fornocht `the bloom that bedecked thee' Metr. Dinds. iii 96.3 [doubtful reading; v.l. fort(h)a]. Cf. fiaich fotha firfitir, LU 10379 .

(b) by extension pours out (cries, lamentations, etc.), vents, gives expression to (a feeling, etc.): ní ferae [fera MSS.] coíni lament not Ériu i 198.8 . feraid guba makes lamentation Metr. Dinds. iii 42.36 . in gair ┐ ind gubha ferfuidit [ferfaidid, YBL 137a34 ] fir ┐ mna hoc coīned a macan, ZCP iii 227.13 (cf. d below). ferdais nual, SR 7209 . no feartais coin ... ualla mora, CCath. 884 . rofhersat a nguth raised their voices BS 176.32 . ... feras amran frim, O'Mulc. 350 = LL 275a3 . lin a fer fir ferdais feirg SR 4981 . ferfaid feirg will pour out his wrath KMMisc. 156.120 . Folld. by fri of pers.: ferais fáilte fris welcomed him BDD 39 (see fáilte). ferid itge frissin deacht, Wb. 4b19 . fermaid-ni nemeli fri rig nime, Mon. Tall. § 1 . nā fer mol | frisin marb ... pour not praise upon the dead LL 275a9 ( Mór M. § 6 ). roḟer surge ... fri mnaí coím paid court Metr. Dinds. ii 18 . rimsa na fer do ṡaebe `ply not thy perversities on me' Mart. Tall. 118.4 .

(c) esp. with obj. like cath, comlonn, etc., of giving battle: ní math d'ḟerus bāig I did not well to fight TBC-LL¹ 3962 . nā fer bāig, TBC-I¹ 953 . Feradach ferad catha, Metr. Dinds. iii 268 . firfid secht catha C., B. in Scáil 10 ( ZCP xx 221 ). firfid gle ib. B. in Scáil 16 . magen i ferfaithe in cath, LL 170a24 ( Dinds. 158 ). ba brigach dano roferad in cath sin ib. LL 170a 31 . ro ferad cath croda ... do dib lethib etarro, Ann. Conn. 1256 § 6 . im-mís Iuil ... | iss ann ferass [in grian] a lāngleō, SR 246 . o rofersat a ṅgriss ṅglain | a ndíss oca n-impressain, 1881 . isé in mac sa ferfas bar ngresa ZCP v 504.4 . gur ḟeradar gleic ferrdha ... ┐ rofersat comlann cruaidh, Ériu iii 166x . firfaider int imm[ḟ]orrán, i 130.38 . gae ... feras fechtu, IT iii 61.13 . gach ágh ┐ gach acais ┐ gach iomarcaigh do fearadh 'na cheann, ML 100.4 . With obj. omitted: in feraim-sea for galaib aenḟir no ar līnaib fer whether I am to fight in single combat or against many Ériu i 116.27 . firfait dīabalnāmait 'opposing enemies will fight', BDC 112.137 ​.

(d) in wider sense with abstr. or vn. as obj., does, performs, executes (cf. fer airli, gl. age ( Ecl. viii 17 ), Thes. ii 47.16 ): ferait a n-aittreb isin glind make their abode LU 2157 ( FA 22 ). rufer āmaill in cech cāin `has made sport' Hail Brigit § 12 ( LL 49b42 ). fer ... firfes chless, LU 4546 (sic leg. TBC-I¹ 58 ). firfassa ardchless ar bélaib eirred, LU 5504 ( firfeasa, TBC-I¹ 1023 ). fearfad a chluiche caointe, IT ii2 146z . ni fertar cluichi fair hi tig no games are played in the house in which he is (= he is not annoyed by games) BCrólige § 61 . is é céad-duine ag ar fearadh a chluiche caointe, TSh. 5570 . Cf. ferait a fert...i rRos na Ríg they make his grave in R. LU 4067 . roferad comarli oca áes gráda ┐ iss ed ro chinset ..., LU 4062 . aimsir in lucair ... firfes a comrama who will achieve his triumphs BNnÉ 305.29 . tegh an fir ro ferustar in cneid `who has inflicted the wound' BCrólige § 23 Comm. nā fer finga[i]l 'mot ēnmac, Ériu i 118.7 . ni fertar scannail `no brawls are made' BCrólige § 61 . feraiset grafaind `held a horse-race' RC ix 466 = agat g., Anecd. i 54.3 . firfid graphainn gergaile, SR 8203 . in grafand rofersam `the race that we have run' Fél. Ep. 73 . rofersam ar n-iarair we have made our search ib. Ep. 2 (glossed: doronsam iarraid , O'Dav. 1356 . feraid for n-aigidacht innocht and get your entertainment there to-night LU 8864 ( FB 66 ). o rofersat tri aidchi aigidechta when they had spent three nights of guesting LU 1861 ( RC x 50 ). aonach no fertha lais ... in gach bliadhain, Corm. Y 796 . fertha óenach la hUltu, LU 3228 ( SCC 2 ). a rogu ro fer .i. ro ferastar a rogu `his choice he made' ACC 135 ( RC xx 410 ). is cian mār ria C. roferad táin bo Cuailnge, O'Mulc. 779 . do ferad mór d'ulc ré lá much ill was wrought in his time Cog. 100.19 (poem). Folld. by FOR (AR) of pers. inflicts (on), deals (to): bean for a fertar ainim, Laws v 294.18 Comm. nā fer aithber form, TBC-I¹ 1215 . nā ros[f]hera brón fuirri, MacCongl. 97.6 . gac[h] fer fora ferthar fuil, BCrólige § 10 Comm. masa beocned roferad air, Laws iii 288.17 . ferais M. tri crechta ... fair, TFerbe 422 . iarsin mórḟingail rofersat for soerchlannaibh Erend, ZCP xi 63.11 . is alaind feras al-luad | gabair Baetain for in sluagh bears his course against AU 562 (but: gobhar ... rés an tsluagh, AFM 555 ). With direct obj. omitted: fear, a Chríost, ar lucht na mbréag take vengeance on Dánta Gr. 9.36 . Cf. flesc maith Moisi ... rofer for aesa a Egept, SR 4330 (corresp. to: barr flesci Moysi ór chuirestar plága ┐ piana for illtuathaib Egeipti, LB 121a28 ). for slig frisndringtiss, conclistiss for a rind, na ferad for a fonnib RC xi 444.28 . In follg. exx. feraid ar (of thing) may mean spends one's energies on, enjoys: lāntol menman di cech maith, nī ara feram, ACL iii 296 § 42 . Rathan na náemh ro charsam, | sosadh sáer ar ro fhersam, BNnÉ 313.24 . f.¤ fo: in follg. ex. the obj. of the prep. is uncertain: flaith dan cóire Teach D. ... | gach glóir fa dheoidh fearfaidh faoi | leathfaidh a ghnaoi do dheoin Dé, Ir. Monthly 1927, 470 .

fo-ácaib

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-ácaib or dil.ie/22337

Forms: fácaibh, —facaib, foácbat, fuácbat, —facabtais, —farcab, —fácba, —farcba, —fargbaid, facbat, facbad, faicfedh, —fargbad, fáiceb, —fuicéb, fo-t-uigebsa, —fuiceba, —foigebat, —faicebat, —fóicebaind, —faicbed, faicfedh, fotrácbus, fosrácbus, forácbais, fáccab, facab, facib, —facab, fácaib, foracab, foragab, forácaib, —farcaib, foragabsat, facabar, —facabtha, —farcabtis, faicebthair, fáicebthair, —faicebthar, faicebtair, foracbadh, fotracbad, —farcbad, —ffarccabhtha, fagbaid, fácbait, fácb—, fácbaim, fágbhaim, fácbai, fácbait, facbait, facbaid, fácbais, fúic, fófácaib, fofacaib, fofacbad, fosfácbus, forfacbus, forfaccaib, forfhagoip, forfacbad, forḟacaibthi, farcbur, —farcbainn, fargbhais, fágbais, rofarcuibh, bfargaibsiot, fácb—, fác—, fág—, fác, fagainn, ḟactais, —fáicfe, faicfimmít, ḟác, fhacsat, facthair, fágthar, faicfiter, fuicfider, fác—, fo-ác-, forfacsam, fos-racsamar, foracsabair, foracsat, forracsat, barḟacsat, baracsat, farcb-, fargsat, farcsat, fágbhuim, fágbhae, fágbhaidh, —fáguib, —fágbann, fágmuid, fágbhar, ḟágbhuinn, faeigfed, fóigfed, fūigfed, —fúigeab, —fóigeab, —faeigebh, fáoigfidh, fúigfidh, —ḟaeigfi, fáicfidi, faoigebtha, fúigfid, fúigfidhear, —ḟaeigfinn, —ḟúigfinn, —ḟóigfinn, —fāgbhas, fágbhais, —fáguibh, —fágbais

v (fo-ad-gaib). Early forms: Imperat. 2 s. fácaibh, CCath. 1666 . Ind. pres. 3 s. —facaib, Ml. 102a20 . 114b16 . 3 pl. foácbat, BCr. 18b11 . fuácbat, Ml. 80a10 . imperf. 3 pl. —facabtais, LU 10560 . subj. pres. 1 s. (perf.) —farcab, LU 5674 . 2 sg. —fácba, 6068 . 3 s. (perf.) —farcba, Ériu iii 104 § 33 . 2 pl. (perf.) —fargbaid, LU 8387 . 3 pl. narom facbat , Gild. Lor. 16 . past subj. 3 s. no facbad , CCath. 392 v.l. (nó faicfedh , text). ( perf.) —fargbad, SR 2835 (: tarddad). fut. 1 s. fáiceb, LL 252a37 . —fuicéb, LU 5152 . fo-t-uigebsa, Trip. 176.3 (2047) . 3 s. —fuiceba, ZCP viii 310.19 . 3 pl. —foigebat, Ml. 69a8 (for the -g- here cf. Ml. 95a12 ). —faicebat, LL 112a36 . sec. fut. 1 s. —fóicebaind, Trip. 244.5 ( = —foicébaind, 2879 ). 3 s. —faicbed, SR 4132 (cf. nó faicfedh , CCath. 392 ). pret. and perf. 1 s. fotrácbus, Wb. 31b1 . fosrácbus, LL 251b10 . 2 sg. forácbais, Trip. 176.2 ( = farácbais, 2046 ). 3 s. fáccab, Thes. ii 242.19 ( Ardm. 18b1 ). facab; facib, Thes. ii 240.14 ; 15 ( Ardm. 18a1 ). —facab, LU 10988 . fácaib, SR 6168 (possibly pres.). foracab, Ml. 37d10 . foragab, 30a9 . forácaib, Trip. 176.6 (2049) . —farcaib (—farggaib v.l.) Hy ii 10 . 3 pl. foragabsat, Ml. 95a12 . Pass. pres. s. facabar LU 4925. Laws ii 366.11 ( SM Facs. 41b1 ). subj. past s. —facabtha, TBC-I¹ 3595 . pl. (perf.) —farcabtis, Wb. 31d13 . fut. s. faicebthair, LL 303a17 ( Bor. 81 ). fáicebthair, LL 289b8 ( RC xiii 444x ). —faicebthar, TBC-I¹ 3594 . pl. faicebtair LL 302a8 ( Bor. 69 ). perf. s. foracbadh, Mon. Tall. § 71 . fotracbad, LL 147a5 . —farcbad, 286by 0 . TBC-I¹ 3594 . Cf. ruacbath, RC xxv 22.3 ; 227.1 . pl. —ffarccabhtha, AFM ii 846.10 . ro fagbaid , BB 445a51 ( = ro fácbait , Mer. Uil. 24 ). vn. fácbáil, —áil, q.v.

Mid. Ir. and later forms.

(1) Already early in Mid. Ir. the prototonic stem fácb— often takes the place of the deuterotonic forms ( pres. 1 s. fácbaim, LU 9217 . fágbhaim TSh. 5002 . 2 sg. fácbai, TBC-LL¹ 3473 . 3 pl. fácbait, LU 1547 . 8763 . facbait, SR 7655 ) and is treated as that of a simple vb., pres. 3 s. facbaid, SR 3687 . 3 s. pret. fácbais (see IGT below). Cf. fúic me meisi d'Feraibh Ceall, BNnÉ 174 .

(2) In deuterot. forms the f is often repeated. 3 s. pres. fófácaib, LU 5406 . fofacaib, SR 1201 . 3 pl. fofacbad, BDD 13 . Pret. and perf. 1 s. fosfácbus, Metr. Dinds. i 42.66 . forfacbus, ZCP vii 310 § 9 . 3 s. forfaccaib, Mon. Tall. § 47 . forfhagoip, Fl. Earls 1.2 (archaic). Pass. s. forfacbad, ACL iii 225.17 (Hy M). pl. forḟacaibthi, SR 1358 .

(3) Subj. and pret. prototonic forms with infixed -ro- are common: pres. subj. 1 s. da farcbur , LU 9932 . Past 1 s. (perf.) —farcbainn, Fianaig. 12 § 21 . 2 sg. cf. fargbhais .i. fágbais , O'Cl. 3 s. cu rofarcuibh , Marco P. 34 . pl. a bfargaibsiot , Leb. Gab.(i) i 14.19 .

(4) The stem fácb— is often replaced by fác— (fág—), both being freq. used side by side: 2 s. imp. fác, PH 1987 . past subj. 1 s. co fagainn , ZCP vi 55.20 . 3 pl. co ḟactais , LB 3b26 . fut. 3 s. —fáicfe, Cáin Ad. 19 . 1 pl. faicfimmít, TBC-LL¹ 4159 . 3 s. perf. ra ḟác , LL 227b42 . 232b20 ( TTr. 787 ; 1141 ). pl. ro fhacsat , Lism. L. 721 . pass. pres. s. facthair, LL 305a11 ( Bor. 123 ). fágthar, TSh. 4637 . fut. pl. faicfiter, LL 301b ( Bor. 67 ). fuicfider, Bor. 69 Lec. From fác— is formed the analogical deuterot. stem fo-ác-: perf. 1 pl. forfacsam, SR 1485 . fos-racsamar, LL 11b46 . 2 pl. foracsabair, LU 2397 . 3 pl. foracsat, AU 1056 . LL 134a13 . forracsat, LL 184b51 . barḟacsat ... baracsat , 261b34 , 37 . Similarly on the analogy of farcb- occur forms like: co fargsat , SR 6459 . co farcsat , TTr.² 1568 . IGT III § 85 gives: Ind. pres. 1 s. fágbhuim (abs. and conj.). 2 sg. fágbhae (abs. and conj.). 3 s. fágbhaidh, —fáguib, —fágbann. 1 pl. fágmuid (`cóir do chanamhain'). Subj. 1 s. fágbhar (abs. and conj.). imperf. ind. and subj. 1 s. do ḟágbhuinn . fut. 1 s. faeigfed, fóigfed, fūigfed. —fúigeab, —fóigeab, —faeigebh (3 s. fáoigfidh, fúigfidh, Decl. ex. 49 ; —ḟaeigfi III ex. 890 ). Cf. 2 pl. fáicfidi, LU 4584 (H ; = faicebthai. TBC-LL¹ 291 , faoigebtha St). 3 pl. fúigfid, TSh. 953 . pass. fúigfidhear (rel.), TSh. 5509 ]. sec. fut. 1 s. —ḟaeigfinn, —ḟúigfinn, —ḟóigfinn. pret.perf. 1 s. —fāgbhas. 2 sg. fágbhais. 3 s. —fáguibh, —fágbais.

I In general sense leaves (trans.) (a thing, place or person):

(a) gl. linquere Gild. Lor. 16 ; relinquere Wb. 31b1 . a rrig foragabsat dia náes their king whom they had left behind them Ml. 95a12 . fosrácbus im thaig dim éis, TBFr. § 23 . trēide as dile lem forfacbus, ZCP vii 310 § 9 . lucht na luinge foracabsat hi tír A., ZCP viii 313.24 . conafarcbad ar chind Neill so that he was left to await N., Rawl. 81a15 ( = co fargabad, BB 134b40 ). dorat rigan na Saba do S. ... .xx. ar .c. tallann d'ór ... mō ruc cid mor forḟacaib, Rawl. 79a45 . forácaib Úsaili i Cill Ú., Trip. 186.21 (2193) . is ann forothaig Cill M., ┐ farácaib díis dia muintir and, 94.11 (1049 : faráccaib). da fáccadh duine a ḟual a ngar do thigh, Maund. 217 . fofacbad na heoin a n-enchendcha ` quit (i.e. leave off, discard) their birdskins' BDD 13 . Departs from, forsakes , of places: fác an inad atai, PH 1987 . faccaibh an mendat attaoi, BNnÉ 302.1 . fag an cathair-si coluath, ZCP vi 55.1 . fácaib Eocho F. ... | a thír ar tír L. abandoned his country for that of L. xi 109 § 18 . forácsadar in n-innsi, TTr.² 824 . ná farcba a liss that he may not leave his enclosure Ériu iii 104 § 33 . dia mbad fómsa trá cách, ol in druí, no faicfithea in dunadsa innocht, LL 254a18 ( TFerbe 111 ). Of persons: i céin mairer nim-fargba, CF p. 89.21 ( GJ iv 56 ). in duine dia bhfoghnaim-si ... ni fharcabhsa he I may not leave him Lism. L. 184 . ni fuigeabh-sa ... aenduine dá tainic lim, BCC § 120 (p. 116) . Leaves remaining: conna facabtais cid mecnu na fér ... hi talam, LU 10560 ( CCC 1 ). bādur sé semmanda a sleig cech fir ... ┐ no gédais tri semanda as cech sleig ┐ fuicbidis tri semannda in cech sleig, Fianaig. 6y . conidh anbecht ma do ḟacsat mil na duíne, RC xviii 11 (Tig.) = conidh as inueachtain foragsat míol n-indile, AFM 1089 . in t-aentrian fuicfithear and do tṡluagh G. the third that shall be left Ériu iv 180 § 42 . is mar sin fheanntar an t-anam, go nach fágthar subháilce ar bioth ... aige, TSh. 9443 . Leaves behind i.e. outstrips (in a race): ata ben agum ... no fágbed [leg. -ad] na heocho, ZCP xii 252.24 . doling M. frisna heochu gur rusfágaib ib. 31 . nir taisdil in domhan ... cú nó fíadh nach fuicfedhsan, Duan. F. i 56 § 12 .

(b) relinquishes, renounces: ni ḟil ... cathair nar ḟacaib in t-ídaladrad, PH 2424 . úair foracsabairsi foromsa ... cach maith since ye have renounced for My sake every good LU 2397 . an tí aidmheóchas ┐ fhúigfeas iad who shall acknowledge and renounce them (viz. his sins) TSh. 9054 .

(c) With adj. or equivalent as complement of pred. leaves (in a certain state): o forḟacaibthi gle-nuicht when they were left stark-naked SR 1358 . manibed Moisi ... óenfer díb ... na faicbed beo for talmain, 4132 . cía romácbad Beothach béo though B. should leave me alive LU 1262 . ( Imr. Brain ii 288 ). fófácaib in trúaill fás leaves the scabbard empty LU 5406 . fáiceb in less n-óibela, LL 252a37 ( TBFr. § 28 ). benfaid frim adaircín nosfaiceba fás, LB 33b7 ( = Lism. L. 1054 ). forḟacaib B. he ic funi Mairt, LB 33b8 = forfacbhudh he ag bruith mairt Lism. L. 1055 . nacham facbaid-si m'oenur!, Ériu iii 137.1 . fómraccbhadsa sunn m'áenor, BNnÉ 93.6 . foceird-sim ... urcur di sleigh fuirri ... corus farcaib cen anmain, RC v 200z . cona farcobsat formáol fornocht so that they left it [the `dún'] bare and naked Dinds. 27 . ni theigdis uad ... co fācbaidis lān, Ériu ii 20 § 1 . fúigfid bandála Gall gruaidhḟliuch, TD 16.52 . as saidhbhir do fháoicfithea me, damad eol damh ..., Parrth. Anma 332.19 . arna farcabtais cen forcitlaid lest they should be left without a teacher Wb. 31d13 . nacham ḟácbasa cen brát[h]air, LU 6068 . fotracbad ar fán thou wast left desolate LL 147a5 ( PRIA iii 546 ). cach tailach ... namúrtis co fáctais ina foenglenntaib, LL 263b48 ( MU² 270 ). co fargbaid mo thechsa amal fondrancaibar for bar cind till you leave my house as you found it LU 8387 ( FB 26 ). ni aithergem na duile acht nos-lecam amal fosracaib Dia, Alex. 885 . f.¤ fri láim sets aside, excepts, stipulates: facbaim Concobar fri láim I leave C. aside LU 9217 ( FB 94 ). farācbaisemne fri lāim deitsiu ... nād ṅ-īurmais orguin co feasmais ..., BDD 73 Y. Cf. dochta do neoch dáles dāil | fācbas dáil n-éco fri lāimh, Fianaig. 10 § 3 . Cf. foscichret i crandchor ... fáicebthair Lugaid fris anechtair `L. will be left out of the chance' RC xiii 444x .

Folld. by CEN and vn.: foragab Duaid inna anman adiecta cen tabairt anman trén fríu D. left the adjectives without adding substantives to them Ml. 30a9 . dia ḟaicet ... gním maith i nduine, fácbait sin cen luad , PH 7678 . gunar ḟacsat uaim ... gan tachailt, Cog. 24.18 . is iomdha éacht ... ḟuigfeam ... gan chur síos which we shall leave untold Keat. ii 3237 . Cf. (k).

(d) folld. by LA, OC of pers. leaves with, in the hands of, in possession of; at the mercy of: tíagait úad ... ┐ fácbait bennachtain leiss, LU 1547 ( MU² 1057 ). facabar a cuit urgnuma in mifoltaig las in sofoltach, Laws ii 366.11 ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 32 ). ni scarfom ... co rrucsa do chen[n]su nó co farcabsa mo chend latsu, LU 5674 . techit ... ┐ fácbait a mbíad oc na bíastaib, LU 8763 ( FB 57 ). is e gell ... forácbad icon eclais i fus the pledge that has been left LB 251b3 . co fargaibhset a mbraighti aicce `left their pledges with him' AU 1157 . fágbad frithalam núa acan impiri ┐ imthigid (they) render the emperor fresh service (of a relay of attendants) Maund. 203 . fagbuis aigi budhein an Camcornn kept for himself Ériu ii 187.3 ( co fagbais, ZCP viii 103.11 ). fagbuit gne chustaim ag doirseoiribh in droichit pay toll to Fl. Earls 86.5 . fūicfidir sinne uile ar fódaib ... no fāicfemait [fúigfiom v.l.] oirechas agat-sa, ML² 1572 (cf. ML 118.26 ). Cf. da sirinn a meic no a mna ... dofuicfedis tes `gom thoigh they would have delivered them up ZCP viii 219 § 9 . cf. (f), (g). leaves (as a duty) to: fofacaib lim ... frithalim na n-anmanna leaves to me (the task of) attendance on the animals SR 1201 . With FO: fágbhaim fá bhreathnughadh gach aonduine I leave it to all to judge TSh. 5002 .

(e) leaves behind (on a battle-field, etc.), loses (of persons and things): maiti for Ultu. Facabar Conchobar C. is left (wounded) LU 4926 . fáicfidi leis mili cend 4584 . in farcbad mo macsa? ... Forrácbad has my son been slain ? He has 1529 ( MU² 1031 ). fácabar .xx. láech lais díb twenty of their warriors fell by him 1583 . mebaid ... forsint slúag mór ria nDauid | co fargsat ... huili cruid a ṅgabála, SR 6459 . maidid for Aibisolón. facabair in milid ZCP xiii 177.13 . tuitfimit-ni uili it lurg, amal ro fácbait do muinter uili connici so, Mer. Uil. 24 . ro memhaidh for Aedh ... co farcaib ili, AU 859 . co fargsat a muntir ┐ a longa, RC xvii 404 (Tig.; AFM 1065 have: fáccbhaitt a nethra lais imon luing ...). co farggabsat ... a llonga leu, AU 851 . sluaighed la D. ┐ la feraib M. ... cor lādh ór fer M. ... co facsad a lón ┐ a n-eich ┐ a n-airm, RC xviii 37 . romebaid forsna T. ... co farcsat ár mór do degdóinib, TTr.² 1568 . foraccaibhset a n-ār lá mac meic L. eittir marbhadh ┐ bathadh, AFM ii 964w . go bhfúigfe do cheann ┐ do chosgar ag cathaibh Chuinn, ML 122.1 . Cf. ni ḟil cidh oenfer ... natt farcbainn i tinorguin whom I could not leave i.e. vanquish Fianaig. 12 § 21 . trian érca cach éinḟir da muintir da faicfigther `the third part of the eric for every man ... that is killed' Hy Maine 64 . Cf. Maol Seachlainn ... do dhol i ttíribh Mumhan ... ro indir Mumha co muir ... iar madhmaim for a rioghaibh ... co ffarccbadh ann lais Maol Crón ... tanaisi na nDéisi, co sochaidhe ele, AFM 856 . AU has co fargbadh ann lethri na nDeise, Maol Cron ...

(f) leaves behind (at death): nicon foigebat ciniud ... dia næs, Ml. 69a8 . facbaid [Ioseph] dá mac, SR 3687 . tabairt mnā dó fo déig co farcbad comarba, LU 10166 . act a mbere-so ni fuiceba-som di chlaind [sic leg.] save what thou bearest he will leave no offspring ZCP viii 310.19 . ni hairdircc a chlann maro ḟacaib if he left any Rawl. 147a22 . ar na hoighreadhaibh fhágbhaid dá n-éis, TSh. 4577 . Hence bequeathes: fáccab Aed aidacht la Conchad, Ardm. 18b1 ( Thes. ii 242.19 ). seoit aini ro facaib a n-athair acu, Laws i 216.8 Comm. ní ḟágaibh athair ag mac | Inis Ḟódla, TD 17.3 . dá bhfágbhadh duine ré hudhacht ni nach leis fein, TSh. 5133 . dá bhfágbhadh ... neach a oighreacht ré hudhacht ag neach oile, 5140 .

(g) leaves (instructions, a charge, command, etc.), often with obj. clause: teorae briathra forfaccaib Diarmaid app Iae la C. ... fit foss figell, Mon. Tall. § 47 . faracaib Dia linn co ndigesta God left with us (the knowledge) that thou wouldst go Trip.² 275 . secht cluchi ... issed forḟácaib Patraic, Metr. Dinds. iii 16 . faccbaim cen a tidhnacul go brāth do Cloinn C. I leave an ordinance that they are never to be given to the clan of C. Anecd. ii 30z . fāgaim in ces naīdhen for Ultaib co brāth, ZCP xii 252y . a los na mallachta do ḟágaibh Noe ag Cam, Keat. i p. 178 . forácaibh [Pátraic] ordnidi lóech ┐ cleirech uad cu bráth promised that illustrious laymen and clerics should descend from him Trip. 210.13 (2464) . forácaib nobeitis ríg ... día cenél co bráth, 164.9 (1910 : furácaib). ro fagaib Colman troscud umpi seo C. left an ordinance that they should fast for it BColm. 88.13 . is i gCluain Mic Nóis do ḟágaibh Diarmaid é féin d'adhnacal, Keat. iii 2164 . ro fagaib fo péin a n-anma orra gan techt tairis sin, ZCP vi 80.28 . do fácbadh Menistir na mBrathar ... do beth os cind na mBrathar co huilidhi it was decided that the Minister of the Friars ... should be over all the Friars AU iii 526 . do fagcaib doib ... cruth a mban for a maccaib, BColm. 90.18 . fágbhais P. ... eineach is eangnamh Éirionn ... d'ḟágbhálaibh air, TD 7.17 (see fácbáil). Of a salutation, farewell: ro faccbustair iomchomarc bethadh ag R., BNnÉ 328 § 58 .

? is ed rofacbad do mnai, | is cet cía thái, cet cía théis this is the last word on woman (?) ZCP iii 37.18 . Cf. (j).

(h) fo-ácaib bréithir leaves a word i.e. a blessing, malediction, etc.: forácaib Patraic [br]eithir foraib, Trip. 208.24 (2451) . fácbaid bréithir ... for cléithib na Cráeb-rúaide, a mbeith fo chess `she leaves a word upon ..., that they should be in distress' Metr. Dinds. iv 130.1 . forfacaib-seom na m[i]briathra-sa doib .i. comdais brēcairi filid Connacht, ZCP xiii 25.24 . a los na mbriathar ro fagaibh Mocuda forra, BNnÉ 307.1 .

(i) of placing, inflicting: géabhthar air go bhfágthar iomad créacht air he will be beaten till many sores are left on him TSh. 3483 .

(j) leaves (on record), hands down (a statement, etc.): ro ḟagaibh fria blaisect mbāis gur fhír son, Marco P. 1 . do ḟágaibhsiod eólaigh gurab mó do thuit, etc. ML 142.28 . d'fagadar [na harsanta] againne gorab comfada, etc. Ir. Astr. Tr. 134.23 . faguibh aguinn a bunad make known to us Fen. 258.6 . Cf. (g), last cit.

(k) f.¤ immuig leaves out, omits: foracabsom lethchosmailius [—iusin MS] immuig `he has left out half of the comparison' Ml. 37d10 . Cf. (c).

II Rarely intrans.

(a) is left, remains (prob. in early Mid. Ir. an impers. use of the trans. vb.): connach farcaib i mBrudin i farrad Conaire acht Conall ┐ Sencha ... so that only C. and S. ... were left BDD 152 ( LU 7920 ). is cuit péne cach ra ḟác di ṡluag na Eurpa uli na rachomraic immon oenchomarli seo hardly were there any who were left of the host of Europe that did not join in this council (?) LL 232b20 ( TTr. 1141 ). ? fásughadh Muighe B. la Saxoibh ... ┐ rugsat braigdi iomdha leo as gach ionadh hi farcaibhset `from every place which they left' (? in which they had stayed) AFM 683 .

(b) departs, gets away: facbuid-si asin tír-si, RC xiv 56 § 69 . ro facsat tra na Troianu as gach gliaid ┐ as gach gabad, Aen. 195 .

forlúamain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. forlúamain or dil.ie/23749
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: forluamuin

n i, f. fluttering, hovering; (fig. ) restlessness, volatility: crinner ┐ forluamain [fortluaman v.l.], ZCP iii 450.11 . forluaman easpae cen taiscithe, 27.34 = forluamuin, Ériu vii 172(d) . doberut ... f.¤ ┐ adaltras, Alex. 908 . tucad lúad forluamna fom a fluttering motion LL 273b43 . imbeth [imad v.l.] forluamno, ZCP iii 449.22 . spirut forluamnai (fortluamnæ, v.l.) 452.21 . pl. fortluamnae (v.l. forluamain) cin fosta, ZCP ix 168.9 (= fordluamain, YBL 410b15 ). Cf. for-lúathar, folúamain.

grind

Cite this: eDIL s.v. grind or dil.ie/26654

adj i.

I accurate, exact; intent, diligent: atá lim co grind | cech gabáil rusgob `I know accurately every conquest,' Ériu iv 128.27 . gach ní atú do luad go grind, BNnÉ 261.29 . gach duine do tiucfadh annso d'fechain co grinn, RC xix 272 § 194 (Fier.). rop dīriuch a forcitul, | rop grēssach, rop grinn, ACL iii 313 § 11 . is misi Colum Cille | antē is grinne laphrus, ZCP x 50.19 . foillseochamaid so nis grinne `in more accurate detail,' Ir. Astr. Tr. 70.y . comall ngrinn (cheville), ZCP viii 107 § 4 . le seanchas grinn géar, Content. xvi § 183 . dá bhféachadh go grinn [an faltanas so], ib. xvi § 60 . aní do thuigfeadh duine go grinn, TSh. 2898 . tuigse ghrinn, 2908 . ag dénamh rēimeann rīomh grinn, IGT Decl. ex. 1258 . an tí fhéuchas go grinn ar reachd ... na sáoirse, James i 25 . smuain orra go grinn gérros[c]ach, Mac Aingil 337.16 . biodh cluas roghrinn aige ris na neithibh bhenas rea sdaid féin, Parrth. Anma 336.5 . a rádh ... go mbiadh eolas grinn na chreideamh ag Luitear, Ó Héodhusa 41.13. fear is grinne i gcéill 'sa dtuigse, ITS xvii 116.139 . grinn .i. cuibhdheas, O'Cl. go grinn attentively, steadfastly, sharply, Eg. Gl. 359.

Compds. ¤fégad: roboi Sir Persaual ica grinnfegad, D IV 2, 72rb8 . ¤feithem: ag grinn-fheitheamh na glóire, TSh. 2275 . ¤fhis, 'na ghrinnfhios as gnāth sinne, L. Cl. A. B. xli 11 . ¤mer: i bfeichemh shuaingherr ghrinnmher `in a brief-slumbered and alert watch,' O'Gr. Cat. 504.15.

II pleasant, lovely, comely, witty: ba bind a céol ṅgrinngel ṅglé, SR 5907 . nem talam ésca grīan grind, ZCP xi 57 § 10 . fo gréin grinn, Ériu iv 98 § 25 . gid gāeth, gid grinn, gid graifnech in láech, ZCP vii 299.1 . sássad ngrind `a fine satisfaction' (cheville), Fél.² lxv 32 . gairm grinn, BColm. 50.10 . rob imda dér dar gruadh ngrinn, Mórthimch. Erenn § 6 ; fa bean ghrind, L. Cl. A. B. 61.69 . mac in abaid is in cill grinn, Laws iv 382.22 Comm. grinn .i. glan, O'Cl. grinn .i. greannmhar, ib. ag aithris grinn gach líne romhainne `rehearsing the witty compositions of past generations,' O'Rah., ITS iii 130.178 (2nd ed.). planda is binne ghrinne ┐ is dísle do mhnáibh, ITS xvii 114.108 . See grenn.

? Compd. in grin-gen (= grinn-gen ?) graigech co ṅgail `the comely youth,' Metr. Dinds. iv 98.87 .

III swift, quick: araile ech ... grind imma áig, LU 8668 ( FB 50 ). for gabru grinne, Metr. Dinds. ii 82.39 . iar mbuaid do graipnib grindib, ZCP xiii 264.2 . reithfid in mag amal ro reithset eich grinni Faoaetan, Celt. Rev. ix 294.4 = eich greini, TTebe 2287 . foidis techtairi ... | aracenn cogrinn, co luath, SR 3461.

IV strong, vigorous, fierce (?): grinn .i. daingean, O'Cl. Glanna glan gas co ngail grinn, ZCP viii 118 § 18 . Slane na ṅ-gal ṅ-grind S. of the vigorous battle-feats ?, MacCarthy 212.7 . rob ūathmar in gnīm garb grind, Ériu iv 174 § 4 . ropsam grind grind ri harcaib `fierce, fierce I was in straits' (?), ib. i 72.12 . matat co mēt teimil ... | mo dā rosc i ngeimil grinn, ZCP vi 263 § 8.

imrád

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imrád or dil.ie/28017

Forms: imrádh, imráth

n o, m. vn. of imm-rádi. imrádh, imráth m. IGT Decl. § 11.

(a) the act of talking about, discussing, mentioning, recounting ; rumour, fame, reference: cid cuit á imraid co mmenic ni dernus `even as to mentioning it frequently I did it not,' Ml. 39a11 . atchuala Fer Diad in n-gae m-bolga d'i.¤ F.D. heard the `gae bulga' being discussed, TBC-LL¹ 3936. cia badh cubha[i]dh ré hiomrádh na n-aithiosg `who would be suitable to announce those terms,' CRR² § 9. robatur 'ga imradh cia leth noraghdais they were debating, RC xiv 40.18 . luad betha .i. o thengaid fer mbetha oca imrad, Fél.² cxxvii 14. gan iomrágh ar a ... hard chosgar `without mentioning its great slaughter,' Rel. Celt. ii 192.14 . Osgidha ... cen imrad ní fodhmam[m] `Osgitha ... we do not suffer her to be without consideration,' Gorm. Oct. 7. rob imnār le Muiri mōir | guide d'imrād ar ḟīrōigh addressing a request to a virgin, ZCP viii 562 § 4. báitir Garman 'sin loch lán | na heólaig aca i.¤ `the learned are continually making mention of it,' Metr. Dinds. iii 174.90 . Sgeallán Caol ... ara ndéinenn betha Fionnchon iomrádh, Mart. Don. 100.15 . ná leagar san teach a ttám | neach budh eagal dar n-iomrádh to our fame, Irish Texts i 38 § 13. o tchualadar imrad indsi Lemin `when they heard the tale of the island of Lemnos,' TTebe 2170 . iar gclos iomráidh na péiste dhó, Maguires of F. § 3. ón tráth fá a gcúalamar iomrádh bhur gcreidimh, Coloss. i 4. do bhí a iomrádh annsan uile chrích `his fame was in all nations,' 1 Kings iv 31. bíaidh iomrádh air iomrádh `rumour shall come upon rumour,' Ezekiel vii 26. gurab annamh bhíos luadh ná iomrádh ... ar an duine ó dho-gheibh bás, TSh. 4254. sgéal bhus cúis iomráith orra / 'na chúis iongnáith eatorra `a matter that will cause them to be discussed forms a curious dispute between them,' TD 15 § 26. ní mhaireann aicme Chonaill / dream ba rothoil i n-iomrádh, Measgra D. 55.30 . a clú, a eólas ┐ a iomradh naomhtha, Ó Héodhusa 95.10. lán d'iomrádh ┐ d'einech, AFM vi 2234.19 . céad slán iomráidh do na mnáibh, Dánta Gr. 3 § 1. tuar iomráidh `a portent of fame,' Content. xxx 13.

(b) act of meditating, thought: coicill .i. imrad, ut est [i mbréithir], a coicill, a ngnīmh, O'Mulc. 281. eadh risa ngebad a paider | ni biodh gan laiden d'iomradh `while he would say his paternoster he would not be without thinking of Latin,' ZCP i 66 § 137. Aithbi cen olc d'imrád `Aithbe who thought no evil,' Gorm. Apr. 4. do b'fhearr dhúinn gan iomrádh ort, Measgra D. 51.47 . do batar ac imrádh C.C. go mor `they set their thoughts right earnestly on C.C.', BCC 394.24 .

ind-saig ?

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ind-saig ? or dil.ie/28539

Forms: a-tob-segat, insegar, indsaigid, innsaigid, ind-asaig, a-tob-segat, insegar, innaigid

v indic. pres. p. 3 a-tob-segat, Wb. 14d37 . Pass. indic. pres. s. insegar, Laws iv 378.10 Comm. Later indsaigid, innsaigid i. In Laws frequently glosses 1 saigid.

Meyer, Wortk. § 130 and ZCP xviii 336 § 805 (6) , believes the 3 sg. of this vb. to have been ind-asaig (cf. in(d)-asaig). If so, a-tob-segat above belongs to ad-saig and insegar is a later analogical form. Pedersen Vgl. Gr. (ii 608 (6) ) believes the -s- of the vn. to be a restoration, the regular form being innaigid (see indsaigid).

(a) approaches, goes to, reaches, advances, advances upon, attacks: chosmili frisna preceptori atobsegatsi ar timchell-ni `like the preachers who go to you behind our backs,' Wb. 14d37 . nach tuidme .i. nach indsaigidh indsaiges neach da chois cuigi sia sa sia uada he every advance that anyone makes, O'D. 1008 (< H 2.15A p. 15b ). indseogat let co breithemain dá fis cindas icfait they shall proceed to ..., Laws iii 446.23 Comm. maní ro indsaige siad i cric eile unless they pass into another territory (of bees), iv 190.2 Comm. ind oired ro índsaighes guth in cluig as far as the sound of the bell reaches 194.6 Comm. muna indsaidhe in fer ut ani is oman lais, v 188.22 Comm. in tesbach ... for ar indsaig amach `the idler upon whom she charged out,' iii 228.22 Comm. cidh bithbinach in bo ┐ cid fri torbu indsaigius, v 154.2 Comm. rogab Nath Í ... Herind ┐ ro insaig co Slíab nElpa, LU 2784. ro indsaig ... co Maelruain, Fél. 12.1 . in[n]saig in laech n-ucut, nan-iarfaig moa chrích ┐ moa genél, RC xiv 404 § 11. no go ccomhraicit fir Erionn ar galaibh óinfir fris, ni ionnsochatsa (= ni ricub-sa, text), TBC-LL¹ p. 419 n. 1 . ind aband úar ronindsaig `the cold river that ran down to it,' Metr. Dinds. iii 168.12 . cinnus ... no innsaigfead a munter how he would reach his people, CCath. 2620. se nechi ... triasa n-insaigther iffernd `hell is attained,' RC iv 248 § 12. indsaighis cach a chele dibh ... mar dha leoman, Ériu iii 170.22 . dia fhaicet ... gním maith i nduine, fácbait sin cen luad ┐ indsaigit cech locht ... dia fhaicet ínntib, PH 7679. ro hairgedh trā sin ┐ ro hinnsaiged ┐ ro lomad, ML² 1128. ionnsaigh magh na múr sona | gabh go dún Í Dhonnchadha, DDána 66 § 15. do ionnsaidh Ruaidhrí rí Éireann | go hÁth Cliath i gcoinne Gall, Aithd. D. 38 § 23.

(b) causes to advance, drives, brings in: comlūath e ┐ int ech innṡaighther isin āenach, Anecd. v 25 n. 14 . oin in eich indsaigter for bla `the loan of the horse which is driven over a fair-green' (gl. oin eic agar for bla), Laws v 280.21 Comm. amail bid iat a cethra bodein ro indsaiged ind, 468.17 Comm. ni saig orba .i. noco n-indsaigter isin ferann ... in mac donither i ndorcaidetu `shall not be brought into the land,' 452.y Comm.

(c) puts forward, advances (a suggestion) (in the Laws -ch (= Lat. -que) is always glossed seichim no indsaigim) : noco seicim no indsaigim nach breth berar dun eclais `I maintain or advance, that every judgment which is given to the church ...,' Laws v 10.15 Comm. (gl. nach breat ecalsa dochuisin). seichim no indsaigim co fuilet tri seoit uada, i 102.15 Comm. (gl. noch fil tri seota). sech is tu do ren a fiachu .i. seichim no indsaigim cona thu ícas a fiacha iar mbás, O'D. 2033 (< Rawl. 487, fo. 54b ). madia n-innsaidhter ae fogra apaidh do beth ann if it be maintained ?, Laws i 284.34 Comm. ma ro sasar urfogra .i. madia n-innsaidhther ai fogra apa do tabhairt air, 284.39 Comm. noca ro indsighther ai fogra apa ar in cach is faonligach ag na bi arus the right to notice is not maintained, 284.31 Comm.

(d) seeks, demands, claims, seeks out: innsaigther eiric in cach fuil `wergild is sought for every wound' (gl. sechta cach fuil), BCrólige § 64 n. 6 . insaidhter in adhḟoirithin uais otrusa so sis d'uasal-fodhnum do gac duine arna uasal-tsloinnedh don breitemuin (gl. segar slicht otrus[a] : urgnaiter), Ériu · xii 80. n. 1 . saigid dire .i. indsaighid enecland ..., O'D. 1013 (< H 2.15A, p. 17a ). cid ar na segat cuicthe .i. cid nach anadh cuicthi ... indsaigter orra why is it not a stay of 5 days that is sought of them ?, Laws i 236.21 Comm. caidi in eneclann ro indsaigter isna cnedaib ?, iii 536.2 Comm. dia sasar .i. dia n-indsaigi tu lan breithemnuis na senchad, is ed sin dogeba acu `if thou approach the entire judgments of the antiquarians,' v 458.18 Comm. īar sin insaigis Cīr cain | rīge for feraib domuin, ZCP iii 19.27 . nā hinguib, nā hindsaig ágh do not avoid, do not provoke a quarrel, vi 272 § 10 . conna fedadar ceta inada inilli no indsechtais, CCath. 777. fer ro ionnsaigh Erind uile `a man who had aimed at [the sovereignty of] all Ireland,' AFM ii 1162.14 .

(e) sues, prosecutes: atait teora aimseara inseagair éidechta la feine .i. ... í n-indsaigenn nech ní is indligthech do denam three occasions on which illegalities are prosecuted, Laws iv 32.3 , 8 . da n-indsaigi se an feichem toicheda tairis sin, v 310.20 Comm. ar ni seadar .i. uair nocon indsaigthi do neoch ... in ní nar eraluaiged do dul, iv 34.24 Comm.

(f) enforces: masa gó-nascairecht ro indsaidh air if it be a false suretyship he is enforcing upon him, Laws v 148.18 Comm. in ní for a n-indsoigenn a cuma nascairecht ... .i. a cuíceal ocus a cirbolg, iv 10.25 Comm.

labra

Cite this: eDIL s.v. labra or dil.ie/29248

Forms: laibre

n (-ae) , f. (2 labar) f., IGT Decl. § 3 . laibre, IGT Abstr. Nouns § 97.

(a) As noun gift of speech, talkativeness; utterance : ba imm Chríst mo labrae, Fél. Feb. 8 . itge Tuae / . . . nad labrae the prayer of the Dumb One . . . which is not speech, Dec. 22 (`which is not arrogant', Meyer, Misc. Hib. p. 37 ). bind l.¤ , LU 3586 ( SCC 29 ). atchota . . . flaith labrai, LL 345b52 = folabrad, Anecd. iii 12.16 `beer begets talkativeness', Smith, RC xlv 12.2 . he focerd cen dolma / ném oir derg forml.¤ , IT iii 8.13 ( BB 297a37 ). issed l.¤ s[ū]t aingil . . . a mbelra-sa nolabraimsi `the speech of the angels', Ériu ii 102 § 10 . is l.¤ nach lomar cor, MacCarthy 312.15 . a c[h]īall cain di clothach l.¤ , ACL iii 296.3 . irdairc a lūad re l.¤ , ZCP viii 113.24 . is e in spirut-sin is augtar do'n labrasa, PH 6494 . nir' cumaing sium fen l.¤ do denam, RC xx 430.5 . go mbí a theanga . . . gan lūth gan labhra, TSh. 4198. As attrib. gen.: deghfer labhra a good speaker, AFM ii 1136.14 .

Of non-human sound, utterance : eisdeacht re labhra h'iolar, Duan. F. ii 372 § 9 . labhra a hén, Studies 1920, 568 § 23 . Of Lia Fáil: ni hé as labhra don Lia Fáil / cia dana cáir adhbha Ir, L. Cl. A. B. 231.11 . Of the sea: labhra na dTrí dTonn, DDána 93.10 .

(b) As vn. of labraithir speaking: l.¤ fríu nocha techta, Fél. 190.18 . ni dam tualnge laubru rimm, IT i 123.24 ( TE 9 ). cen duine d'acsin na dho labrai frium, PH 508 . a fhear grádha ag labhra linn, Irish Texts i 39 § 24 . ni hiongnadh don Lia gan labhra, L. Cl. A. B. 85.103 . na cúig cáis ag labhra leam, DDána 16.7 . do chairt ag labhra ar áon ortha, SGS iv 144 § 29. Of singing of birds: lán d'énaib . . . oc nuall ┐ oc l.¤ (erlapra v.l.), RC ix 492.z . With obj. gen.: boi Ísu oc lábhra na mbriathar-sa, PH 3076 . fétait maith ┐ olc do l.¤ , 2656 . is oircheas a labhra libh, Dán Dé xxix 11 . suairc an sgéalsa . . . / do ghéansa a labhra rem liaigh, 12 .

Note also: labrad ┐ labrae a labro .i. ō bēlaib, O'Mulc. 773.

Also as n. pr., see Corp. Gen.

lac

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lac or dil.ie/29255

adj o,ā. With -o- in d s. and g s. (as in cas = cos), IGT Decl. § 40. weak, feeble . Of persons: in tí as l.¤ is dó is méla, LL 307b21 . a chruachaidhi lenaim laic (: brait), IT iii 104 § 200 ( Bruchst. i 27 § 59 ). a leanaib laic (: cait), IT 93 § 140 . Freq. of hair soft, smooth : ó Concobair na cíabh lag, IGT Decl. ex. 70 . In metonymy: a chiabh lacch `thou lady of clinging tresses', O'Hara 659 . a chiabh lag, Aithd. D. 41.6 . a earrla lag, Aithd. D. 46.5 . ar teccuscc da thrilis loig, Irish Texts ii 97 § 11 . Of other parts of the body: a basa taise laga leabhaire, Keat. Poems 91 . a suile lacca liatha, LB 155a30 . In a variety of other applications: na lochta cen lomrim l.¤ , BB 331b40 . Tech na Fían, nirbo long l.¤ `it was no mean hall', Metr. Dinds. i 18.59 . nir l.¤ a ḟal, LL 4306 . nirbo l.¤ in lenamain, 375b4 . nír lag a dhal, BB 56b15 . ní l.¤ rogní iarcóir cath, / in rí dorat mór ndígal, SR 3943 . th'aire ar fhās na n-abhall lag, Ériu viii 195 § 4 . a thuir nach tor lag, ML² 934 . gér lag an long 'na raibhe Peadar, TSh. 2067. lag an foirgneadh aga mbi fulang . . . lag, Luc. Fid. 5117 - 8 . With neg. of copula as laudatory epithet and in chevilles: ní láthar l.¤ , LU 3737 ( SCC 12 ). ós Lifi Lagnech nách lacc (: tochmarc), Metr. Dinds. iii 82.67 . Lugaid nar l.¤ , LL 19477. tri hingena in láich nad lac, Metr. Dinds. iii 156.5 . líth nad lacc, Ériu iv 136.15 . ní lúad lac, Metr. Dinds. iii 146.9 ( ZCP viii 106 § 4 ). miad nar l.¤ , CRR § 29 . ni tres lag, Cog. 64.5 . a chreach bhó ar Laighnibh ní lag, IGT Decl. ex. 1180. Cf. sluagh na serda . . . / . . . lúardaib l.¤ , SR 6791.

As adv. roleigsed . . . a srein co lag asa lamaib, TTebe 4479 .

Compar. is laigide na lochta / mé ar m'intinn go harrochta, Dán Dé xxi 9 . loige a-chách ar geóir chuige, PBocht 12.7 . trí téad is laige táin, Rel. Celt. ii 293.14 . is lagaide an urraim ó fhile . . . dlíghthear dháibh, Ó Bruad. i 122.7 .

As subst.: cuirfid lamha ar laguibh ┐ slaineoghthar iad, Luc. Fid. 5751 . an tréan 'san lag, Keat. Poems 711. Cf. forroilged la Gartán dabach i llac mara, SCano 15 ( Anecd. i 1 ) where l.m. is taken by Editor (following O'Brien, Ériu xi 87 ) to mean shallow of the sea (a part of the beach accessible only at certain low tides), but is perh. to be referred to loc (e).

Compds. With nouns. ¤báid: ná déantair lat lagbháidh `be not remiss in love', PBocht 4.43 . ¤bothán: lag-bhotháin tógbhaid fragiles domos, Keat. i 54.5 . ¤chreitem: lagchreidiomh an tí bhíos ar úrnaighthe, Párl. na mB. 2887 . ¤gabáil: gan rann dá oigealaoidh lais ón laggabháil `poor treatment', Aithd. D. 19.8 . ¤lúb: Óilléan Carrún laglúb líomhtha léir, Hackett xxxi l.¤-thomus: lagthomhas meidhe Míchíl (of sin), PBocht 15.15 . ¤urán: glor gan l. `without weakness', Hy Maine 132.28 .

With adjj. (a) dvandva compds.: ¤buide: a fholt lagbhuidhe líneach, Top. Poems² 1580 . ¤lebar: a fholt laig-leabhar chladh gcam soft and long, DDána 105.24 . ¤remor: lama lacremra litarrda aice flabby, CCath. 4029.

(b) Formed with adjj. formed from nouns: ¤brígach: ná bí laig-bhrígheach, Isaiah xli 10 . ¤chroidech: eaglach nó lagchroidhech, Deuteronomy xx 8 . ¤lámach: curtha ┐ laglámhach, 2 Sam. xvii 2 . ¤radarcach: atáid ar súile lagradharcach, Lament. v 17 . ¤rúnach: don aithrigheach lagrúnach weak of purpose, Mac Aingil 2185 . ¤spiraitech: do na daoinibh laigspioraideacha, Desid. 772 . ¤ṡúilech: ina ḟanntassib bána ┐ ina n-ímágib laccṡuileacha dim-eyed (of starving men), LB 154b60 . ¤thuirsech: do chréachtghuin mé go lagthúirseach, Keat. Poems 81.

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