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lúaide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lúaide or dil.ie/30791

n m. the metal lead : plumbum .i. in luaidhe, RC ix 240.3 . Ir. Gl. 60. 788 . coire do linad . . . ho luaide, PH 1264. livida (sc. urina) mar dath an luaighe , 23 K 42, 162 . sal in luaidhi, Arch. i 328 § 87 . méin luádi, ZCP xi 85 § 39b . in luadi letrom robris cach tren (of a band of warriors), Cog. 160.9 . Freq. as attrib. g s.: comrair luadi, PH 1276. mill luaidi, Aen. 1065 . sab luaigi, LB 151b45 . do ṡund luaige with a leaden club, KMMisc. 144.6 . dí thábaill lúadi, PH 1080. Of bullets: co na bpúdar, ┐ co na luaidhe, FM v 1662.7 . pūdar is luaigh, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 10.16 . As roofing material: in damliac . . . cona tuighi do luaidhe, AU i 546.1 . cenn luaighi fair (of a church), Fl. Earls 220.10 . dār leagh don luaidhe, Butler P. 2059 `leaden castles(?)', Notes. With múr (precise application not clear): múr luaidi for lassad, IT i 181.31 ( FA 17. g s. of lúaith ashes (?), Wi.). luaidhe gach mhúir Ghallda tré ghoirmtheinidh, Aithd. D. 4.4 (not transl.). See murluaith, lúaith.

Plummet, plumb-line : 'iar léigeann an luáide síos, Acts xxvii 28 . plumma luáighe , Is. xxviii 17.

lúaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lúaigid or dil.ie/30800

v (lóg) pays for, buys : muc luaigthir do arbur a pig paid for in corn, Laws ii 368.13 Comm . in ti nad racand ┐ na luaigend, iii 46.1 Comm . fal fri bruinde in fir luaiges, v 508.21 Comm . cia luaighe nech iar na fis is dire no icfaidh (of a missing `sét'), O'Don. 862 ( H 3.17, 615 ) = luaidhe, O'C. 2161 ( Eg. 88, 4(5)c ) = luigend, O'Don. 1648 ( H.5.15, 20b ). ra luaigsi in mac, LL 226b34 `ransomed', TTr. 703 . roluaidh moghud na cumaile `he bought the service (?) of the bondmaid', Lism. L. 1190. ? ar cech n[d]une . . . no luadfed in ferand, Misc. Arch. Soc. 148.5 . Vn. do rat C. Cill Delga . . . do Dia . . . cen luaiged without payment, Misc. Arch. Soc. 138.6 . Perh. also: ar méit in lóighthi do righne in ceili risin flaith, Laws ii 268.2 Comm . (or g s. of logud?).

1 lúath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 lúath or dil.ie/30854

Forms: imlúaith, imluath

adj o,ā. Cf. n s m. imlúaith (: Cruaich), LL 1397 (cruach: imluath, v.l., ITS xli 234 ).

Quick, swift : fo bés srotha luaith, Wb. 32c16 . ar uscib lūathaib, Hy. vi 16 . loṅga lúatha, Fél. Sept. 9 . goetha luatha, FA 30 (LB). a haisdear ni luath, Magauran 1036 . frasa . . . luatha . . . d'armuibh, Comp. Con C. 126.15 . dá súil lúatha Loingsecháin, Buile S. 44.12 . Of animals: ech . . . luath, LU 8659 ( FB 49 ). lúatha coin dod-repnadar, BDD² 1515 . da n-ag lúatha, TBC 1324 . loscind luatha, BB 240a44 . In more abstract applications: ber na bretha lūatha ūd do chāch, ZCP xiii 179.7 (see below under compds.). i bhfeirg nar luath `not fickle in anger', Magauran 124 . Cf. also: Aifreann luath `an early Mass', O'Hara 4081 . im Shuibhne luath ar buaireamh céille atáim mad, Hackett xix 5 .

In adverbial use quickly, hence also soon, immediately, instantly: dobert doíri forsna Laigniu / luath atchiam, LL 4900 . is toich no is luath toibgit na sofir a ferann, Laws iv 2.5 Comm . Loch Gili as luath do linged. Ir. Texts ii 13 § 24. for l.¤ , Fing. R. 320 (ar, co, v.l.) (see Notes). ticed co l.¤ , LU 3660 ( SC 32 ). co l.¤ , SR 5978 . tair co luath asin sruth immediately, Mac Carthy 66.5 . atracht a bas co luath, Lat. Lives 67.4 . rithidh go luath, TSh. 10331 . seal go luath ┐ seal go mall (of the pulse), 1656 .

Equative: lasar thened luathaigther (sic MS.) athach ngáithe, RC xii 426 § 10 . luaithir bogsimhin ar lár srotha, Comp. Con C. 102.18 . lūaithit[h]ir fīamain, Corm. Y 1059. lúaithigthir fíamuin, BDD² 1340 (altered from luaithir, Gloss., luaithidir, v.l. p. 64 ). lúathidir gaíth n-erraig, LU 3809 ( SC 37 ). luathither lochait iar forgarmain, Corm. 36.45 . lúathidir rothán ṁbúaled, LU 7542 ( BDD 107 ). luathidir ruathur funemda, Ériu iv 30.3 .

Compar.: ni ra lúathiu na nóecharptig anda in triar de choiss, TBC 5876 . am lūaithe nā crand fri sruth, Arch. iii 233 § 6 . dothoet C. fa chēttōir co Temraigh ┐ robtar luaithi rāngator techta Uladh sooner, ZCP xiv 223.4 . atbert Cruind . . . ba lúaithiu a ben, Met. Dinds. iv 126.36 . is luaithiu gabas nech tuinidi gl. aitheam = áithem, Laws iv 2.10 Comm . (see Celtica vi 221 ). indas is luathi oltás amal dogním-sea more quickly than I do, PH 4135 . luaithe íad go tech Temrach / ná Ó Ruairc 'sa ro-thecchlach earlier (they came) to . . . , BNnÉ 289.11 . luaithe ná líonadh na mara / maidhm an díomais ag drud ria, PBocht 8.6 . toil a fhaghbhala nis luaighe (viz. death), ITS xxix 194.6 . Adverbially before (in time): ní is lúaithi na rucadh Iosyas `before I. was born', Maund. 110. Cf. gach ní tig ó ní oile, as luaithe bhíos an ní ó ttig ann inā é i.e. exists before it, Parrth. Anma 1229. Of wish, intention (cf. Engl. sooner, rather): gurab luaithi d'fuileon[g]adh bota pilēr do dhēnamh 'ná thiocfadh go Cōigeadh Uladh san chonvae sin, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 32.16 . is luaithe d'fhuileongainn bás ioná d'aon- tóchainn dhóibh I would rather suffer death, Donl. 418.5 . achd gu madh luaithe dhiongnas saothar let him rather labour, Ephes. iv 28. In phr. mar as lúaithe (sense of superl.?) as soon as: do eirigh an maccamh mar as luaithe adubradh sin, BNnÉ 115.23 . mar is luaithi moitheochair na droch- smuaintighthi, ITS xxix 195.20 . With DE: nosnaltatar for feolaib maccoem mbec, ardāig comad luathite a forbairt that she might grow the more quickly, Ériu iii 138.82 . comad luathaide do soisdís a feich dḟeichemain toichida `that the plaintiff might the more readily recover his debts', Laws iii 152.12 Comm . ionnus gurab luathaide do fhásfadh é, Keat. ii 4906 . gurab luathaide ghuidheas an eaglais ar an marbh, TSh. 5197.

Superl. In LL adverbially and apparently in sense of compar.: cid ellom condranic cách, luaithium conarnic Fergus, TBC 1035 . cid l.¤ condránic in gilla luathiu[m?] con arnic Cu Ch., 1421 . luathium luis Goll a láma (i.e. more quickly than his adversary), LL 12705. The forms lúadem, LL 572 and in: Life, luathem a linne (`swiftest his waters'), Met. Dinds. ii 82.43 are perh. rather 1 pl. of lúaidid, q.v.

As subst. with prep. AR: luath ar exibh indse Cuind / as gach aird d'fhis Í Dhomhnuill the poets of Ireland hasten towards O'D., Ir. Texts ii 90 § 30 . luath ar an gcioth mheasdar mall the shower is early which is expected late(?), DDána 73.7 .

As n.pr.: S. mac Luaith, AU i 222.10 . Lurgu mac Lúaith lasar-deirg, Met. Dinds. iv 122.10 .

Very frequent in composition. In the follg. lists com- pounds where l.¤ is used mainly for alliteration and / or rhyme have not been fully listed.

(a) With nouns. ? ¤áirem: each da bo . . . luathairem ar aird eamain, Laws v 66.19 . ¤breith: gan luaithbhreith without rash judgement, Content. xiv 32 . na beir luaith- bhreith ar leithscél, Acall. 1414 . ¤cháin: mac dia tibrat laeich lūathchāin ready tribute, BColm. 6.21 . ¤chles: luath- chleas seannuig, Párl. na mB. 2367 (assonating with cuach). Cf. lúth compds. ¤chor: foceird . . . lūathchor dá sūil isin tigh a rapid glance, ZCP v 501.26 . ¤chride: luathchride gl. cardiacus, Thes. ii 231.10 . ¤chúaird: ro lá mo súilse lúath- chuaird I glanced rapidly around it, LU 7071 ( BDD 73 ). ¤éc: mortlaid . . . .i. luath-écai . . . .i. mortluath . . . luath .i. bás, Hy. v 12 gl. 24 . ¤ḟoibirt see fópairt (c). ¤gol: mná uaisle ag luathghol ar shráidibh weeping copiously, Keat. Poems 479 . ¤grinde: in luathgrinde áigh ┐ irgaile `swift phalanx' (Gloss.), Acall. 2819 . 4417 . ¤guin: nert a luath- guinib, Acall. 4740 . ¤immáin: luath-ímana so sis, ┐ imana indligtheacha, Laws v 138.9 Comm . (introducing a list of punishable `drivings'). ¤lasair: luadfit lergga luathlasra fiercely flaming, SR 8207. ? ¤mag: cia ghébus Laigniu a lluathmaig / tacair [cruai]d tria báig, SG 382.24 . ? ¤rann: Mag Li luatraind, Mag Lathraind, Leb. Gab. 62.8 . luath- rainn .i. luaittear a rannaibh, O'Cl. ¤réim: ina luaithréim `on his rapid progress', FM v 1820.2 . ¤tinól: forfuair do A. in luathtinol sa do dénum, Alex. 77.

Rarely with noun forming adjectival compd. ¤enech: gripp lepp luathaineach / liath luath loscael, IT iii 43 § 56. Cf. also LU 3382 - 3 printed Labraid Lúathlám ar claideb, SC 17 `Swift-Hand-on-Sword', Sc. G. Stud. vii 54 (cf. BDD² 269 cited s.v. luïd.).

(b) With adjj. In dvandva-compds. (the available exx. all show alliteration). ¤adbal: ina lasrachaibh . . . luath- aidhbhle, ML 84.12 . ¤athlam: muineadha loma luath-ath- lomha, 84.23 . ¤bras: ín gres luighthi co luath-bras, Acall. 818 `rashly and perfunctorily', SG ii 121 . ¤lom: eclach siden luathlom lísta lurgan-breac, BB 257b7 . ¤mer: ina laemannaib . . . luath-mera, MR 222.23 .

With adjj. formed from nouns: ¤aicentach: claochlódh corrach . . . luath-aigeantach, TSh. 1662 . ¤basach see lúthbasach. ¤béimennach: Laegaire Lúathbémandach, Fianaig. 70.7 . ¤fasaig see lúthbasach. ¤gonach: an laech . . . luath-ghonach, MR 278.24 . lúathghuineach, Duan. Finn ii 44 § 48 . ¤léimnech: ech . . . lúathlemnech, LU 6489 ( TBC² 1975 ). ¤ṡíntech: in lann . . . luath-shintech `quick- striking', MR 300.8 . ¤ṡúilech quick-eyed: na bí gaireachtach na luath-shúileach indti = non oculos circumferas (i.e. at prayer), ITS xxix 198.9 .

(c) With verbs. ¤báidid: romarb, roloisc, roluabhaídh, MacCarthy 412.8 . ¤brisid: roluathbrisedur a longa, Ériu viii 18.z . ¤éirgid: roluatheirghidar na tonda `swiftly uprose', Ériu iii 156 § 9 . ¤gaibid: and rolúath-gab cen lumma / draic úathmar fili sunna, Met. Dinds. iii 224.19 . ¤lonnaigid: do luath-lonnaigh im Conall trias[n]a haithesgu sin C. flew into a passion. ZCP xiv 258.17 . ¤marbaid: ro luathmarbad . . . na tri cét fer, Acall. 7868 . ¤medraid: ro luath-meadrad in saermiled, MR 230.25 .

With vnn. ¤ḟácbáil: Luimnech do luathfhacbail to leave L. quickly, Caithr. CC 8 . ¤gorad: dia fúair L. luathgorud, LL 4162 ( RC xxiii 316.2 ). ¤letrad: robo imda laoch 'na ligu iarna luathledradh, LL 408a52 (= TTr. 2230 ). ¤répad: ac loscad ┐ ac luathrébad críchi Cuailgne, Comp. Con C. 82.19 .

stán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. stán or dil.ie/38899

Forms: sdán, sdain

n o (see Ped. i 103 ). sdán m., IGT Decl. § 96 (129.34) . tin: s.¤ gl. stagnum, Sg. 73a2 . trian do argut ┐ trian di stān nō da huma, ZCP vii 300.24 . sdan ar a faignigibh `tin upon the scabbards', Laws ii 146.18 Comm . eter iarann ┐ stan ┐ luaidhi, CCath. 5293 . an tairgead ┐ in sdan ┐ na mitaill ele sin, Ir. Astr. Tr. 138.7 . an s.¤ ┐ an luáighe , Numb. xxxi 22 . g s. as attrib.: Loch Lein; ceathra chircilla uime .i. chircall sdain , etc., Todd Nenn. 220 n . cris sdāin, ZCP v 24 § 12 . cuir i soightech sdain ar teinidh, Rosa Ang. 314.4 . ola . ..coimēdtur a soitheach sdāin, RSláinte 4028 . Fig. 's gan acht sdán i gcuid dá cheird `though most of his work is only tin', Content. xxv 2 . béruidh mé do s.¤ uile asad, Isa. i 25 .