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fannall

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fannall or dil.ie/21299

Forms: fandoll, ḟandaill, fainnle, Fandall, Fandle, Fannall

n ā, f. A swallow: Sg. 52b5 (gl. hirundo). fandoll TBC-I¹ 657 . Cf. fannall .i. fanal [ = fann-āl] quia infirmae alae eius. fannall didiu fannitech, O'Mulc. 490 . a s. mar ḟandaill , TBC-LL¹ 1301 = aindli St. luathithir fri fanaill, MacCongl. 63.9 . luathither fándli, Thr. Ir. Gl. 36 (Corm. s.v. prull). g s. co lúas faindle, LU 6485 . i n-athlaime na fandle TBC-LL¹ 528 . n p. lingid fainnle fanna suas (sic leg.), RC v 202.3 . i n-ocht calaind apreil āin | tecait fainnli fria nglandāil Mart. Tall. 94 ( LL 356 marg. sup.). Cf. mar eirb nó mar fainle, Acall. 6057 n . As npr. m.: Fandall [mac Nechtan] TBC-I¹ 624 = Fandle, TBC-LL¹ 1300 . Fannall, Dinds. 130 . Cf. ainnel.

gríb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gríb or dil.ie/26639

n (Lat. gryphus) ā, f.

I a gerfalcon; a griffin: ba luathither ... grib dia ned no séig do ail, Thr. Ir. Gl. 36.y (s.v. prúll). nathir cach ben, grīb cach ingen, ZCP viii 196 § 15 . net grībe, Corm. Y 968 . gáir gér gríbi, SR 921 . grip ingnech fot súil, Moling § 35 ( RC xxvii 280 ). an tén adhuathmar ... .i. griobh ingnech, BNnÉ 76 § 142 . do chomraic risan ngribh, ib. gribha garba, goibghera, Lism. L. 3651 . batar ocht ngribha ingnecha for .xl. lais arna seolad for seilg na n-anmunn n-aerdha, ZCP i 378.22 . imud camhall ┐ gribh ... isna crichaib sin, ib. 268.26 . grif a grife .i. quadrupess pennata , O'Mulc. 659 . gríobh ghreannach ghob-lom ghearánach, TSh. 6623 . is lámh nocht i nead gríbhe, TD 18.34 .

II a claw, a talon (?): ? ar sinedh a gribhe di [sc. don gríb] dochum na mbrathar `as the griffin was stretching out its claw,' BNnÉ 76 § 142.

III Fig. a fierce warrior, a hero, a chieftain: robith Fergal ... | grib glond galann, RC xxiv 64 § 24 . a Domnaill ... a gríb in gascid gabthig, TFerbe 637 . gríbh finn Imgán, Ériu iv 216 § 14 . grīb thuir thricc thressaig, Bruchst. § 123 . grīb indrid īath n-anēoil (of Labraid Longsech), Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 10 § 4 . berim chomharc uaim don ghríb, ITS v 16.14 . Muscraige ... fond na gríbe gu gnāthach, ZCP viii 226 § 10 . a ghríb Gháiridhi, O'Gr. Cat. 367.16. d'éis m'iuil ar ghéiriúl na gríbhe after my intimate acquaintance with the hero, Hackett xxix 31.

Compds. ¤aithech griffin-like giant: gríobh-aitheach goimheamhail, TSh. 1159 . ¤chath a fierce fight: i ngríobhchath gleóchomhraic, Hackett xxi 33 . ¤dál assembly of heroes (?): atraig cāch isin gribdāil, MacCongl. 117.15 . ¤gal a warrior-fight: coṅgríbgail cherta, SR 7195 . ¤ingen (a) the claw of a griffin: (as a reward to a poet) ro hir dom.x. ngrib ingne (gl. .i. cuinnid ingi ngribhe), Ériu ii 4.3 . (b) a griffin (?): mar dha ghribhingne mheara mhoirghniomhacha, GJ iv 18a.40 (Stair É. Uí Chl.).

1 lúath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 lúath or dil.ie/30854
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: imlúaith, imluath

adj o,ā. Cf. n s m. imlúaith (: Cruaich), LL 1397 (cruach: imluath, v.l., ITS xli 234 ).

Quick, swift : fo bés srotha luaith, Wb. 32c16 . ar uscib lūathaib, Hy. vi 16 . loṅga lúatha, Fél. Sept. 9 . goetha luatha, FA 30 (LB). a haisdear ni luath, Magauran 1036 . frasa . . . luatha . . . d'armuibh, Comp. CC 126.15 . dá súil lúatha Loingsecháin, BS 44.12 . Of animals: ech . . . luath, LU 8659 ( FB 49 ). lúatha coin dod-repnadar, BDD² 1515 . da n-ag lúatha, TBC-LL¹ 1324 . loscind luatha, BB 240a44 . In more abstract applications: ber na bretha lūatha ūd do chāch, ZCP xiii 179.7 (see below under compds.). i bhfeirg nar luath `not fickle in anger', Magauran 124 . Cf. also: Aifreann luath `an early Mass', O'Hara 4081 . im Shuibhne luath ar buaireamh céille atáim mad, Hackett xix 5 .

In adverbial use quickly, hence also soon, immediately, instantly: dobert doíri forsna Laigniu / luath atchiam, LL 4900 . is toich no is luath toibgit na sofir a ferann, Laws iv 2.5 Comm . Loch Gili as luath do linged. Irish Texts ii 13 § 24. for l.¤ , Fing. R. 320 (ar, co, v.l.) (see Notes). ticed co l.¤ , LU 3660 ( SCC 32 ). co l.¤ , SR 5978 . tair co luath asin sruth immediately, MacCarthy 66.5 . atracht a bas co luath, Lat. Lives 67.4 . rithidh go luath, TSh. 10331 . seal go luath ┐ seal go mall (of the pulse), 1656 .

Equative: lasar thened luathaigther (sic MS.) athach ngáithe, RC xii 426 § 10 . luaithir bogsimhin ar lár srotha, Comp. CC 102.18 . lūaithit[h]ir fīamain, Corm. Y 1059. lúaithigthir fíamuin, BDD² 1340 (altered from luaithir, Gloss., luaithidir, v.l. p. 64 ). lúathidir gaíth n-erraig, LU 3809 ( SCC 37 ). luathither lochait iar forgarmain, Corm. 36.45 . lúathidir rothán ṁbúaled, LU 7542 ( BDD 107 ). luathidir ruathur funemda, Ériu iv 30.3 .

Compar.: ni ra lúathiu na nóecharptig anda in triar de choiss, TBC-LL¹ 5876 . am lūaithe nā crand fri sruth, ACL iii 233 § 6 . dothoet C. fa chēttōir co Temraigh ┐ robtar luaithi rāngator techta Uladh sooner, ZCP xiv 223.4 . atbert Cruind . . . ba lúaithiu a ben, Metr. Dinds. iv 126.36 . is luaithiu gabas nech tuinidi gl. aitheam = áithem, Laws iv 2.10 Comm . (see Celtica vi 221 ). indas is luathi oltás amal dogním-sea more quickly than I do, PH 4135 . luaithe íad go tech Temrach / ná Ó Ruairc 'sa ro-thecchlach earlier (they came) to . . . , BNnÉ 289.11 . luaithe ná líonadh na mara / maidhm an díomais ag drud ria, PBocht 8.6 . toil a fhaghbhala nis luaighe (viz. death), ITS xxix 194.6 . Adverbially before (in time): ní is lúaithi na rucadh Iosyas `before I. was born', Maund. 110. Cf. gach ní tig ó ní oile, as luaithe bhíos an ní ó ttig ann inā é i.e. exists before it, Parrth. Anma 1229. Of wish, intention (cf. Engl. sooner, rather): gurab luaithi d'fuileon[g]adh bota pilēr do dhēnamh 'ná thiocfadh go Cōigeadh Uladh san chonvae sin, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 32.16 . is luaithe d'fhuileongainn bás ioná d'aontóchainn dhóibh I would rather suffer death, Donlevy 418.5 . achd gu madh luaithe dhiongnas saothar let him rather labour, Ephes. iv 28. In phr. mar as lúaithe (sense of superl.?) as soon as: do eirigh an maccamh mar as luaithe adubradh sin, BNnÉ 115.23 . mar is luaithi moitheochair na drochsmuaintighthi, ITS xxix 195.20 . With DE: nosnaltatar for feolaib maccoem mbec, ardāig comad luathite a forbairt that she might grow the more quickly, Ériu iii 138.82 . comad luathaide do soisdís a feich dḟeichemain toichida `that the plaintiff might the more readily recover his debts', Laws iii 152.12 Comm . ionnus gurab luathaide do fhásfadh é, Keat. ii 4906 . gurab luathaide ghuidheas an eaglais ar an marbh, TSh. 5197.

Superl. In LL adverbially and apparently in sense of compar.: cid ellom condranic cách, luaithium conarnic Fergus, TBC-LL¹ 1035 . cid l.¤ condránic in gilla luathiu[m?] con arnic Cu Ch., 1421 . luathium luis Goll a láma (i.e. more quickly than his adversary), LL 12705. The forms lúadem, LL 572 and in: Life, luathem a linne (`swiftest his waters'), Metr. Dinds. ii 82.43 are perh. rather 1 pl. of 1 lúaidid, q.v.

As subst.: a ingen, a lúath, a láeb, a Leborcham 'o girl, o swift one, o crooked one, o Leborcham', Tall. Étair 47.130 .

As n.pr.: S. mac Luaith, AU i 222.10 . Lurgu mac Lúaith lasar-deirg, Metr. Dinds. iv 122.10 .

Very frequent in composition. In the follg. lists compounds where l.¤ is used mainly for alliteration and / or rhyme have not been fully listed.

(a) With nouns. ? ¤áirem: each da bo . . . luathairem ar aird eamain, Laws v 66.19 . ¤breith: gan luaithbhreith without rash judgement, Content. xiv 32 . na beir luaithbhreith ar leithscél, Acall. 1414 . ¤cháin: mac dia tibrat laeich lūathchāin ready tribute, BColm. 6.21 . ¤chles: luathchleas seannuig, Párl. na mB. 2367 (assonating with cuach). Cf. lúth compds. ¤chor: foceird . . . lūathchor dá sūil isin tigh a rapid glance, ZCP v 501.26 . ¤chride: luathchride gl. cardiacus, Thes. ii 231.10 . ¤chúaird: ro lá mo súilse lúathchuaird I glanced rapidly around it, LU 7071 ( BDD 73 ). ¤éc: mortlaid . . . .i. luath-écai . . . .i. mortluath . . . luath .i. bás, Hy. v 12 gl. 24 . ¤ḟoibirt see fópairt (c). ¤gol: mná uaisle ag luathghol ar shráidibh weeping copiously, Keat. Poems 479 . ¤grinde: in luathgrinde áigh ┐ irgaile `swift phalanx' (Gloss.), Acall. 2819 . 4417 . ¤guin: nert a luathguinib, Acall. 4740 . ¤immáin: luath-ímana so sis, ┐ imana indligtheacha, Laws v 138.9 Comm . (introducing a list of punishable `drivings'). ¤lasair: luadfit lergga luathlasra fiercely flaming, SR 8207. ? ¤mag: cia ghébus Laigniu a lluathmaig / tacair [cruai]d tria báig, SG 382.24 . ? ¤rann: Mag Li luatraind, Mag Lathraind, Leb. Gab.(i) 62.8 . luathrainn .i. luaittear a rannaibh, O'Cl. ¤réim: ina luaithréim `on his rapid progress', AFM v 1820.2 . ¤tinól: forfuair do A. in luathtinol sa do dénum, Alex. 77.

Rarely with noun forming adjectival compd. ¤enech: gripp lepp luathaineach / liath luath loscael, IT iii 43 § 56. Cf. also LU 3382 - 3 printed Labraid Lúathlám ar claideb, SCC 17 `Swift-Hand-on-Sword', SGS vii 54 (cf. BDD² 269 cited s.v. luïd.).

(b) With adjj. In dvandva-compds. (the available exx. all show alliteration). ¤adbal: ina lasrachaibh . . . luathaidhbhle, ML 84.12 . ¤athlam: muineadha loma luath-athlomha, 84.23 . ¤bras: ín gres luighthi co luath-bras, Acall. 818 `rashly and perfunctorily', SG ii 121 . ¤lom: eclach siden luathlom lísta lurgan-breac, BB 257b7 . ¤mer: ina laemannaib . . . luath-mera, MR 222.23 .

With adjj. formed from nouns: ¤aicentach: claochlódh corrach . . . luath-aigeantach, TSh. 1662 . ¤basach see lúthbasach. ¤béimennach: Laegaire Lúathbémandach, Fianaig. 70.7 . ¤fasaig see lúthbasach. ¤gonach: an laech . . . luath-ghonach, MR 278.24 . lúathghuineach, Duan. F. ii 44 § 48 . ¤léimnech: ech . . . lúathlemnech, LU 6489 ( TBC-I¹ 1975 ). ¤ṡíntech: in lann . . . luath-shintech `quick-striking', MR 300.8 . ¤ṡúilech quick-eyed: na bí gaireachtach na luath-shúileach indti = non oculos circumferas (i.e. at prayer), ITS xxix 198.9 .

(c) With verbs. ¤báidid: romarb, roloisc, roluabhaídh, MacCarthy 412.8 . ¤brisid: roluathbrisedur a longa, Ériu viii 18.z . ¤éirgid: roluatheirghidar na tonda `swiftly uprose', Ériu iii 156 § 9 . ¤gaibid: and rolúath-gab cen lumma / draic úathmar fili sunna, Metr. Dinds. iii 224.19 . ¤lonnaigid: do luath-lonnaigh im Conall trias[n]a haithesgu sin C. flew into a passion. ZCP xiv 258.17 . ¤marbaid: ro luathmarbad . . . na tri cét fer, Acall. 7868 . ¤medraid: ro luath-meadrad in saermiled, MR 230.25 .

With vnn. ¤ḟácbáil: Luimnech do luathfhacbail to leave L. quickly, Caithr. CC 8 . ¤gorad: dia fúair L. luathgorud, LL 4162 ( RC xxiii 316.2 ). ¤letrad: robo imda laoch 'na ligu iarna luathledradh, LL 408a52 (= TTr. 2230 ). ¤répad: ac loscad ┐ ac luathrébad críchi Cuailgne, Comp. CC 82.19 .

1 mang

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 mang or dil.ie/31534

n [ā, f.] term for a young (female?) deer; a fawn (? doe): m.¤ .i. gamhain fiadha, O'Cl. luaithi m.¤ inā mathair .i. derb, Corm. Y 936. co nach fuaratar . . . dam na eilit na m.¤ na oglaegh ` roe ', Fianaig. 52.16 . luathither fria maing bá cet-laeg `a hind about her first fawn', MacCongl. 63.8 .

net

Cite this: eDIL s.v. net or dil.ie/33139

Forms: nit, nitu, nead, nid, nnit, neide, néit

n o, m. g s. nit (in n. l.), Trip. 338.8 (< Ardm. 17a2 ). a p. nitu, Lib. Hymn. i 114 z . nead (declined like `fear'), IGT Dec. § 65. n p. nid, ex. 1491 . Also fem. in later Irish (so given in O'R.; m. and f. , Coneys and Dinneen ): d s. i nnit , Anecd. iii 59.22 . g s. na neide , Celt. Rev. x 143.9 (18th cent. MS.).

A nest: net a nido latine , Corm. Y 977. cré nit na fáinnli, O'Gr. Cat. 196.21. an t-éan íochtair neid in the bottom of the nest, Dán Dé xxix 26 . mar chorruighios an t-iolar suas a nead, Deuter. xxxii 11 pl. co ndernsat na heóin a nnitu inna glacaib, Lib. Hymn. i 114 = Lism. L. 344.25 . is annsna crannaib . . . donít préchain nit, PH 7744. i nnetaibh na n-aquili, CCath. 4151. atáid . . . neid ag enlaithibh, Matthew viii 20. Of animals other than birds: fail neir, net gribe, Corm. Y 968 , cf. IT iii 98 § 161 , Bruchst. i § 133 ; the reading néit of LB ( Corm. p. 31 ) and Laud may be derived from a different version: foll ner neít nett [net B.] gribe, IT iii 49 § 88 , where néit may be g s. (see néit). luathither . . . grib dia ned, Corm. p. 36 z (prúll). in gríb . . . a breith-sium lé ina nead, RC xxiii 422.3 . fearg nathrach ima ned, Aen. 753. lám i nnet nathrach (prov.), see nathair. ba coll nit nathrach, AFM v 1578.7 (of a hazardous attempt).