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bec

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bec or dil.ie/5512
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: lugimen, beag

adj o, ā small, little, of size, quantity, extent, physical and moral: b.¤ quasi ec ebraice paru[u]s interpretatur, , Corm. Y 151. duine beg gl. homunculus, Ir. Gl. 436. magnus et minus . . . mor ┐ beg, Auraic. 676. natat beca gl. non parua, Ml. 18b6 . cid na olc mb.¤ `even any little evil', 35d9 . atá debe m[b]ec nand, 40a20 . ma beth na galar b.¤ for corp duini, Thes. ii 245.34 (Cambr.). na brithemnachta becca `petty judgements', Wb. 9c8 . both b.¤ gl. umbraculo, Ml. 100c21 . inna mmacc ṁbecc, 123b12 . cid b.¤ cid már gl. quantitas, Sg. 28b7 . immar fa b.¤ `whether it be great or small', 73a16 . huan suidiu biuc gl. modica sesione, Ml. 135a14 . o aimsir bicc `for a little time', Wb. 5c2 . is becc rand aos túate ┐ lucht na sencheld mór ucut `the laity and the people of the great old churches yonder are of little worth', Mon. Tall. 137.4 nibo b.¤ in tech, Sc.M² 5. fri ré iúbili bicci .i. uii mbliadna, LU 4044. cansit ceól mb.¤ , LU 3274 ( SCC 7 ). ar thoirsi in meic bic do chosc, MU² 186. atchi tenid mbic `a little fire', RC xxiii 418.25 . id-bert an laoidh mbig si ann, ML² 1151. b.¤ cech glōr is cech gredan, Bruchst. i 62 § 143. dogní na briathra beca sa (of some lines of rhetoric), SG 371.18 . faillsighis . . . doibh-siumh an talamh mbiucc dia mbattar iarraidh .i. tir thairrngire, BNnÉ 77 § 148 . lethad baisi bigi (of a measure of bread), ZCP vi 286.10 . beag nglóire thú i dtalmhain (lit.) small as regards glory, Dán Dé viii 13 (but ex. may belong to subst. use below). más beag mór ar mbéim `all our sins, great and small', Aithd. D. 85.2 . ní fhuil dá éis dom scéimh acht scáil bheag, Keat. Poems 516. do chrích Banbha is beag re maoidheamh `small credit to B.', Aithd. D. 28.6 . b.¤ b.¤ very small, Ériu v 22.21 . becc nāt beg `not too tiny', K. and H. 10 (See Bull. Board of Celt. Stud. xxiv (1972) 484).

Compar. and superl. supplied by root *lug (cf. ). b.¤ ┐ lugum ┐ lugusomh, Auraic. 659. Compar. laugu (sic leg. laugi, MS), Wb. 6b12 . lugu, 16c26 , Ml. 23a13 . laigiu, 17c7 , Sg. 120b2 . lugha gl. minor, Ir. Gl. 1115. dleagait mic leigind . . . saire ada lugu a free status that is less (than that of higher-ranking men of letters), Laws v 102.6 . gnim nad lugu smacht for which the penalty is not less, IT i 70.19 . co nar ba luga hí . . . oltás orcc cránai it was no smaller than a young pig, PH 7210. ni lugu is machtnaigthi lim-sa I have no less reason to marvel, 1758 . gerba lugu d'ais ┐ do airrdi in gilla sin `of lesser age and height', TTebe 393 . Scotia Minor nó Scotia ba lugha, Keat. ii 5797. With DE: combad lugaite a nert i n-agid ríg Lagen that their strength might be the less, LL 6423. his laugudi a pennit, Ériu vii 154 § 2. ba lugaide a galarsom ón do suidiu `thus his sickness was alleviated', Ériu xii 166.7 . ro ba lughaide ro heccaoíneadh a oidheadh go ro thionnsccain sé dol ar bélaibh a athar `was the less lamented', AFM v 1778.1 .

Superl. : lugimen gl. minimam, Ml. 14c10 . is ē dēach is laigem, Corm. Y 447. cia luigem i fuillemaib gell, Laws v 376.1 . With form of compar. : ūair is é mer is lauga isin lāim é (the little finger), Corm. Y 809. na tri fira is luga a fenechus the three smallest (least in value), Cóic Con. 42 § 63 . i coneilg in neich is lughu, Auraic. 677. in aen lámh mharcaigh as luga rob olc `by no means one of the least expert horsemen', AFM vi 2040.11 . In adverbial phrases: na rachthai . . . co cend .x. ṁbliadan a n-as lugu de `at the least' ( TTr. 1776 ), LL 32574. in mēide is lugha dhe, Fl. Earls 178.z . adeirim nī sa lugha cúig Paidreacha at least , Parrth. Anma 777. muna rabha sí ann go follus, ní as lúgha de, bíodh sí a bhfolach none the less, Mac Aingil 2210 .

As adv. in d s. (in) biuc little, a little ; a while?), in some exx. perh. merely expletive: ma conatil biucc `if it has slept a little', Wb. 29d15 . in biucc gl. paulatim, Sg. 12b1 . cid in biucc `even in small measure', 39a25 . in biuc iarum gl. paulo post, Ml. 19b6 . in biuc `to a small degree', 122b7 . seōl bic romaind 'sa rōt cētna / a choss truag-sa, ACL iii 243 § 27. an biuc, a L. corot-aiciller, Sc.M² 9. tair bic ille, LU 3724 ( SCC 33 ). Compar. as adv. ind lugu gl. minus, Ml. 123c12 .

As subst. of persons and things small, petty, unimportant (of state, rank, possessions, etc.): ataat cetheora sabuid tuaithe noda-desruithetar i mbecaib who are degraded to small people, ZCP xvi 177 § 14 (= Laws i 54.8 ), see 184.23 . a becco, ol Fer Rogain, BDD² 888. nān .i. b.¤ ut dicitur, nanus .i. abac nō lucharbān, O'Mulc. 828. dona beaguibh (= paruulis, Psalms 118 ), Parrth. Anma 9 (title-page). In phr. o b.¤ (biuc) co mór both small and great i.e. everybody: tabhach cíosa ┐ cána Maodhóg o bhecc go mór `from small and great', BNnÉ 203 § 44 , cf. v.l., n.3. na coiglidh enduine acu o b.¤ co mor, Fier. 131. donangatarsidhe ó bhiug co mór, Hugh Roe 108.10 . Cf. etir b.¤ ┐ mór both small and great, Ml. 114b17 .

As subst. o, n. a little, a little while, etc., smallness, fewness : beag, m. IGT Decl. § 65. cid a mb.¤ gl. uel paululum, Ml. 29b12 . b.¤ gl. paulum, Sg. 14a11 . Études Celt. xi 110. iṁforling hícc a mbeicc rochreti `of the few of them', Wb. 5b21 . is becc rofitemmarni i rrúnaib dǽe, 12c5 . cid beicc daucbaid si `of little worth', Wb. 21c12 . is hed a mbeccsin nammá dogníu di maith, 24a12 . cid b.¤ ṅdi ulc, Ml. 46a1 . cid cen na b.¤ ndo síd and `even without a little of peace there', 51a5 . ní b.¤ dia ndergeni forcenn a sailm `it is no small thing', 69c7 . corrobu b. du essarcnaib furodamair, 131b12 . becc torbai little profit, Thes. ii 296.4 . a mbecc mín `the small light diet', Mon. Tall. 152.20 . a mb.¤ arathá . . . doṁsaegulsa during the little that remains of my life, RC iii 179.9 . edrad fota do biuc (bicc, v.l.) buair `long the milking time for a few cattle', Ériu v 116.8 . dochóidseom trá i nnem arin ṁb. sin do maith, LL 36833. don ti rucc becc h'innmusa, RC xxvi 366.4 . beg dá hioth do-chúaidh ar gcúl, IGT Decl. ex. 1093. as beag do geabhthar do dhaoinibh fíréanta a small number, Desid. 2257. beag ga bhfoil an ceart ar chuimhne ` few ', Aithd. D. 38.5 . ar uathadh sluaigh ┐ ar beg mbuidhne, AFM v 1662.3 . Of time: ni bia do m'fhuirech-sa anosa mar-oen frit . . . acht b.¤ bet oc tuba h'uilc . . . i t'agaid, PH 8230. dar thrachtsam beg roimhe so `a short time', Geneal. Tracts 53.5 .

With prec. possess. 3 s.: rochotail a becc slept a while, TBC-I¹ 2513. nír codail a b.¤ an aidhchi sin he did not sleep at all, ZCP x 307.18 . ni rucsat a beg ar a m-buidnib they quite failed to overtake, Celt. Rev. iv 206.20 . dá leigeadh a lámha síos a bheag nó a mhór, Eochairsg. 54.5 . hi tōeb na conaire anair a bic `a little to the east', Dinds. 20. gan a bheg `not a whit', Duan. F. i 53.20 . dubhairt-sean nach raibhe a bheag `he said it was nothing', Keat. ii 5272.

With neg. verb and follg. DI anything at all, the smallest quantity: ní romill a becc din chasail (= permanente cassula tantum intacta quod ignis non tetigit), Lat. Lives 11.12 . na beiridh a bhecc da bhar nettaighibh libh asin luing, BNnÉ 54 § 55 . ní haithristear a bheag da scéalaibh `no tidings whatever are given of them', Keat. ii 2571. Cf. nochon do biuc bae dia brīg not slight was his power, ZCP viii 217 § 5.

In phr. acht b.¤ almost, nearly: fri re tri n-uairi acht b.¤ , PH 550. dia bualad co mbo marb acht b.¤ so that he was nearly dead, LU 3290 ( SCC 8 ). roscarsatur ar cuirp fri ar n-anmannaib acht b.¤ `have all but separated', MacCarthy 66.23 . acht madh beac, Fl. Earls 168.23 . b.¤ ná, b.¤ nach almost, nearly (i.e. little but that): b.¤ nachamralae i nderchóiniud ón `I have almost fallen into despair', Ml. 90c17 . b.¤ nád múchtha doíne impu were nearly stifled, TBFr. 272. beag nach brisiodh mo chroidhe / gach dán roimhe da gcumainn, Studies 1918, 618 § 11 . beg do Tuadmumain nár thrían / do bí ag M. M. held almost a third of Thomond, Caithr. Thoirdh. 136.15 . go raibhe trian bhfear nÉireann ré filidheacht beagnach, Keat. iii 1462. So also: is b.¤ mā dorinnus ariam gnīomh . . . badh doilghe liom do dhēanamh hardly , Feis Tighe Chonáin 1469. is beac ma ba oirrdearca C. `C. . . . was scarcely more illustrious', CF 411. Cf. is b.¤ cid dia fesstar a chenél `his kin will be almost unknown', RC xxiv 176.5 .

With copula and follg. prep. is b.¤ do it is little, insufficient (for): ba becc duitsiu cometecht dossom `it were little for thee (sic leg.) to be indulgent to him', Wb. 10c10 . ba b.¤ ṅdamsa mad buith cen chotlud tantum , Ml. 95d13 . Hence with neg. it is enough; an bhraid-sin nochar bheag dí `grief enough for her', Dán Dé ii 23 . ní beag dó dá chora i gcéill / an fhola féin i ló an Luain, Aithd. D. 100.33 . ní beag seal don bhaois, Dánta Gr. 102.2 . níor bheag aon aifrionn amháin do rádh ar gach n-anam a single mass would suffice, Eochairsg. 51.20 . cá b.¤ do ? is it not enough (for) ?: ca beag dóibh so do robhadh?, KMMisc. 352.3 . cár bheag dhuid aithmhéala inn ? `would not repentance satisfy thee ?' Aithd. D. 34.5 . cá beag sin dá chur i gcéill ? isn't that enough to make it clear ? Dánta Gr. 85.8 . is (ní) b.¤ la deems insufficient; thinks little of: is beic (g s.) lim in bríg sin ced molad ced tatháir domberaidsi domsa is beicc limsa a bríg `little do I care', Wb. 82d1 . as becc lem slechtain dó I think it beneath me to make obeisance to him, BNnÉ 13 § 13 . mó as beag lé burba na bhfear `small account did she (viz. Eamhain) make of', Content. xxx 35. fá beag leó . . . iad féin ┐ a sochar do bhuain don duine `they did not hesitate' (Vocab.), TSh. 3065. ní beg limm do biadh gu bráth / balad mo chráibi cáimhe, Anecd. i 34.23 . ná bad begc la hingin ríg hErenn feis lais that the daughter of the King of Ireland should deem it no small honour to sleep with him, BColm. 88.8 . doraid in saer nar' beg lais do shaegul usci do thoidecht docum in muilinn (= sufficit mihi vivere donec), RC xii 344 § 39. adubradarsan nar beg leo féin a fheabhus sin they thought that excellent (i.e. an offer of billeting), L. Chl. S. § 9.12 . is b.¤ ar thinks little of, considers insignificant; despises, dislikes: sgéal is beag ar a mbuachail, Ir. Syll. Poetry 29 § 3. is beg oram cáil na mban, Duan. F. i 85.31 . beg air imurro caingean na namad . . . uair ra dhlighsiot `he thought little of the doings of the enemies . . . for they were entitled to it', TFrag. 154.13 . is bec orumsa gach uile leiges lagtach isin cuis so acht clisteri (= abhorreo), Rosa Angl. 288.16 . gidh beg ormsa S., Ériu v 184.1 . an tí do dhéanadh math . . . dhóibh, go madh é budh lugha orra, Gadelica 38.65 . is lughaidi orum tú beth a t-[S]axanach . . . uair is don talam-sin in dias is lugha orum tainic riam, ZCP vi 87.21 . gidh ard thú ó threibh fhola, / dola i gclú leibh ní lugha you are just as intent on becoming famous, L. Cl. A. B. 215.20 .

In nn. loc.: in herinn bicc bebais `in Becc-Eriu', Fél. Apr. 23. Augustin Insi Bice, Lat. Lives 42.2 . See Hog. Onom.

In n. pr.: feil Brain Bic, Fél. May 18 .

Compds.

(a) With nouns. .x. mbuair . . . mbecalma, Ériu ii 4.11 . ¤baile: go mbeg-bailtip `villages', Fl. Earls 82.20 . ¤brat ina becbrataib `in his swaddling clothes´ Blathm. 34 . ¤déntaid `small worker ' (one of categories of wives with specific activities, see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 34.32 ): masa beccdentaidh, gunudh seiseadh no nomadh gnimha a fir aiccisi ann sein, Laws ii 410.7 Comm. issed da ní beccdentaidh dissi banaicidh (sic) uaidhsiumh ina aighidsi `what makes her a small worker is to have feminine implements supplied by him', 22 Comm. ¤dolb: (in rhetoric) iba srúaim sruthborr slán lam broind begdolb crú, LL 13860. ¤ecla of little fear . pn As epithet: Conaing B., ZCP viii 337.20 . ¤enech of small honour: comairge béldub b.¤ , Tec. Corm. 33.2 . ¤ḟola, small stock, cattle: .x. mbuair mbecfolad . . . glossed: .i. cáirigh nó gabhair nó dairt, Ériu ii 4.10 . ¤grend short-beard: Tuirenn Beggreann, Cóir Anm. ii § 159 . ¤a small thing, a trifle: dorindi in ridiri bagar ┐ becni do briathraibh Sir Gyi, ZCP vi 32.26 . ¤popul little (lowly) people: is cend daim for dartoid [.i.] mōrpersan for becphopul, O'Mulc. 753. ¤ṡaegal short life: gan uamhan báis nō begs[h]aogail, ML² 1189. ¤ṡed little interest, heed: teirce a-cách an creideamh cóir / beigsheadh ag cách san chanóin, DDána 57.1 . ¤ṡelb: i lennmhain a mbegṡelbha bó `their few cattle', Hugh Roe 84.20 . ¤ṡluag a small company, host: is doras bāls beg-s[h]luag, ML² 1384. With vn. ¤carthain: gan bhríogh i mbeag-charthain séad `paltry love of treasures', Content. xxix 13.

(b) With adjj. derived from nouns: ¤cíallda having little sense, weak-witted: boathán builidh beig-ciallda, TSh. 1721. ¤cosach short-stalked: (of a plant) luib b.¤ , ACL i 330 § 11 . ¤cridech small-hearted, hard-hearted: aderthar gurab duine cruaidh no beccchroidhech thu, Ériu v 138 § 124. ¤dígbálach of little harm: neithi iat sein . . . begdighbalacha, Irish Texts v 2 7. ¤eclach fearless: Conaing B., LL 2491. ¤ḟoltach having little substance, `inops': sochla brīg b.¤ , ZCP v 503.1 . ¤lachtach yielding little milk: comét in buair bec-lachtaig, Metr. Dinds. iv 338.26 . ¤menmnach dispirited: dobhí se go brónach begmhenmnach, Ériu v 196.33 . ¤náirech impudent, shameless: m'iaraidh-si do bhancheile led' bogbhriathraib begnaracha, ZCP vi 26.16 . ¤nertach having little strength, weak: biaid in bhuidhe becnertach (of a plague), SG 21.4 . ¤nertmar: don chriosdáidhe óg bhíos maoth beignertmhar, Ó Héodhusa 195.13 . ¤thuicsech feeble-witted: an téigentach bocht begthuigsech sin, Ériu v 166.34 . ¤uiscech: biaidh . . . an geimhreadh . . . beag-uisceach `scarce of water', Corp. Astron. 64.7 . Note also artificial compd. ¤máo: in b.¤ máo (? leg. becmáo) .i. is b.¤ as máo oldáusa .i. is b.¤ in derscugud gl. paruo maior quam ego, Sg. 45a15 .

Note also: muiti .i. mifothai . . . .i. b.¤ caithte a foghur, Auraic. 467.

1 cuirid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cuirid or dil.ie/13660

Forms: cuired, cuirthe, cuirthi

v repl. earlier fo-ceird, do-cuirethar. ? Cf. arch. cuirithir (. . . bedc), Ériu xxii 42 § 9 (-er, MS), see also xvii 93 (4 c) . IGT Verbs § 83 .

(a) With direct obj.: mór do chathaib . . . ro chuir O. waged , LU 4393 . cuirit a ndergár, LL 38715 . in n-úair nochuired . . . / in bíast buidech a brocc-lomm vomits , Metr. Dinds. iii 428.29 . bid loch . . . / curfes co tromm trénṡaithe `that shall overthrow', 456.72 . cor cuiread graifne in aenaich leo `the fair-races were run', Ériu ii 178.22 . c.¤ gáir, Airne F. 289 . cuirit . . . inn ēgis mórchuairt Hērenn, ACL iii 3.25 . nocha cuirfither hé `he . . . shall not be overthrown', BColm. 94.26 . ro cuireth a n-or ┐ a n-airged, ZCP xxx 157. 35 = rotus loitt im a n-ór, Alex. 1091 . galar . . . trias ro chuir a ḟolt lost his hair, AFM ii 906.1 . ? ri ruc ingrein cuires cách, SR 7241 . cuirit a scis and `put away', RC ix 22 § 22 . no co curtur é `till it is buried', Rosa Angl. 256.z . is gach instrúim ceóil cuirthear is played, Timth. vi 38 § 19 . nach do réir oghuim do shíor chuirthear comhardadh rhyme is not always in accordance with spelling, IGT Introd. 3.1 . cionnus do chuirios ┐ do chaitheas a bhfuarus to what use I put etc., Mac Aingil 574 .

Invites : rocuired don cormaim hé, RC xiv 242.19 . con[id] si adaig and sin ro curthea a mathair a athair . . . do thig ríg a thúate, LU 6730 (BDD). cuir h'oireacht ┐ aguill iat (proscribed, cuiredh not having allowable personal forms), IGT Verbs ex. 793 . ? ni he rochuir iat `he had not sent for them', Ann. Conn. 1225.14 .

Sows; plants : cuiream ar síol, Dán Dé xvi 4 . curid ┐ benaid arbhar fa dó sa bliadain, Maund. 270 . a dhuine chuirios an crann, Ériu viii 195.1 . an tiubhar do chuir Pátraic, AFM ii 1146.4 .

Causes, has done : ar na cuirend dogres catha na cogadh do denum, Aen. 2752 . nīcoirset cesa / cen lessa a n-anma sufferings have not prevented them from caring their souls (?), ZCP viii 110.27 . 'nar cuiris mo mac do dighbhail orum `caused my son to be taken from me', Fier. 99 . na cuir galltrompa dha sheinm romhat, Matthew vi 2 . Cf. cuir-se ar múnadh, DDána 11.25 . do chuir / a fhuath caused him to be hated, Aithd. D. 10.6 .

(b) In a variety of idioms with prepp. With A(S): ro curthea gai a Herind re lind spears were banished, LL 888 . c.¤ . . . Adam a Partus, MacCarthy 58.9 . an ghairbhiachtach . . . ch.¤ asta emit, TSh. 6705 .

With co: ra curit techta chucu, MU² 850 . cuiridh in rí coblach . . . co C.B., ACL iii 309.5 . comad é fear a inaid no cuirfidhe co ríg Caisil ar tús `who would be summoned', Ériu xvi 66.87 . dochuiredar chuci diblinaib `attacked him', Ann. Conn. 1405.15 . cuirimsi cucaib, a breitheamna . . . I submit to you, O'D. 1700 ( H 2.12, No. 8, 1 ).

With DI: ro chuir a mertnigi . . . de put off, LU 3617 (SC). ? no cureb-sa dít, Fing. R. 87 . ramchursetsa . . . / do chirt Banba deprived me, LL 19233 . d'éis gach chuir dar cuireadh dhí, Aithd. D. 28.11 . gur chuir . . . allus fola dhe, TSh. 6747 . cuirid súil di see súil. DO: guidhe dá chóir ní chuirfe will not make supplication to Him (of Christ in Judgement), DDána 27.11 . ? béim air nocha nḟuigheadh sí / dá ccuireadh an ḟail d'Éinrí, IGT Decl. ex. 689 . do cuir do gorta iat starved them, Maund. 78 .

With DOCHUM: da curtái docum laburtha . . . le healadnaibh saera `which were caused to speak', Maund. 252 . gur chuirsead chum báis . . . íad, Desid. 3538 .

With FO: cuireas faoi milleadh na mbracchadh `induced him', Hy Maine 11.28 . fir nar chuir fan ríghe ribh `who have not contended', O'Hara 2374 . nó gur chuirsead . . . / fúthaibh `made conquests', TD 26.21 . cuirfe se faoibh an uile = suggeret vobis omnia, Luc. Fid. 5531 . go gcuire grádh féile faoi `till he has made up his mind to do some deed of generosity', Aithd. D. 31.39 .

With FOR: ? coro cuired Emuin M. forsna sluagaib, LL 13776 . docuir Sir Gyi tri cluithci aran sdibard (of chess) defeated, ZCP vi 54.22 . cuiris tiomargadh ┐ tionól ar maithibh Grécc mustered , Leb. Gab.(i) 80.16 . gurab ar Moling chuires an seinleabhar iad ascribes , Anecd. ii 24.y . cuirim ort a fīadnaise call you to witness, ZCP x 42.3 . an cuairt / . . . charit (sic) ar Sulcuaid the visit they make to S., Cog. 98.36 . cuirim si fort . . . scaradh fris, BNnÉ 5.29 . docuiredur . . . a cert ┐ a cōir ar comlunn disi they staked, ZCP vi 96.15 . do chuir ar [mh]í-chéill mise, A. Ó Dálaigh xxiii 2 . do chuiredh deichneabhar ar coitcheann S. `were quartered on', ZCP x 18.12 . cuirigh na croinn si foraibh cast lots among you, BNnÉ 7.17 . ben nár chuir eól ar an éra to whom refusal was a stranger, Bard. P. 40.92 . gur chúir S. . . . fios ar óglaoch sent for, TSh. 9095 . docuredh orum . . . gurb é do-reic-si re luing cennaigh doronus I was charged, ZCP vi 101.21 . as lugaide rocuirfed form do thecht uaim would grieve me, Aen. 808 . air nī cuirenn does not disturb it, BColm. 68.2 . cuirid ar an aígen, KMMisc. 322 § 7.1 = tiagaid arin muir, 315 .

With FRI: ro cuirsiod friu `attacked them', TFrag. 236.15 . cid sochaide . . . dia náimtib docuiread fri huaithed do chlaind Israél were sent against, Celtica iv 40.595 . meic (mac ?) ríogh nach cuirthear re chéimibh `unequalled', O'Hara 2865 . cuir rem dhíon undertake my protection, O'Gr. Cat. 411.19 . go gcuiridh cúl ris na coiribh, TSh. 7983 .

With IMM: co curend téora imsrotha im claiss a chúlaid, LU 6543 .

With I N-: cuirim a mbreth (of counsel's opinion), O'Curry 2120 ( H 4.22, 82 ). do chuirsiot D. anég . . . da fichet céd killed , Cog. 112.9 . cionnus chuirthear focuil shínidh ghirr a síneadh mheadhónach is changed into, IGT Introd. § 1 (1.22.) cuir thinntinn sa numla, Ériu v 136 § 103 . dá gcuireadh neach i n-iongantas orm should anyone think it strange in me, Keat. i 90.3 . ro-chuir naemhu Erenn uile hi socht, ZCP x 410.7 . cuirit a gceist ┐ a n-ingantus `they were very much troubled', Fl. Earls 34.24 . gibé . . . chuirfes conntabhairt ionnta, Ó Héodhusa 224.1 .

With LA: cuiris ferann manach . . . le Cnoc . . . M. added, Anecd. iii 7.6 . mar do chuir lé ar leithéid-ne `as He applied it', Dán Dé vi 25 . dá gcuirdís `fallsa' leis (of title of book), Mac Aingil 86 . ós liom chuirfeas since he will take my part, Ó Bruad. iii 208.5 . do chuir . . deire léna cómhrádh, Párl. na mB. 404 .

With ó: do-chuiris o adrad ídal hi you have banished the worship of idols therefrom (a city), PH 778 . an turcar cuires uadha an boaire dhí sin `the cast which the boaire chief makes with this', Laws iv 226.11 Comm. muir derg cuiris imat leag loghmur . . . úaithi deposits, RC xxiv 373.23 . ó chradh cuirfidhir, O'R. Poems 173 `will be separated from wealth', Gloss. chuireas iad ó bheith infheadhma which prevent them from being of any use, TSh. 7243 .

With RÉ N-: cid dam-sa na curfind mo chomlund a chetóir romum why should I not at once engage in battle? CRR 25 . ro cuirseat a comlunn rompo re n-ég were determined to fight to the death (?), CCath. 2788 . an tan chuireas roimhe díoghaltas do dhéanamh, TSh. 5421 . dána an chúis do chuir roimhe, Bard. P. 2.3 .

With TAR: no co cuirem in bliadhain-si thoruind till this year is over, Fianaig. 68.20 . ra chuir súil darin cétna mbraini cast an eye over, LL 34941 (MU). cuireadh thoram feirg Dé, Celtica iv 166 § 256 .

(c) With adverbs and adv. phrases: curus an curach amach, Ériu iii 164 § 18 . níor chuir mé / amach uaim breith an chluiche `did not set forth', Content. xiv 55 . guidhim Muire ogh / nacham-cuire ar cul, KMMisc. 319.9 . cuir ass ma connicci dispel (it) (viz. snow), Trip.² 562 . is mó do cuirthí do mheamhair leis na macaibh fóghluma é would be memorized, Keat. i 90.9 . gur chuir d'fhiachaibh air compelled him, Desid. 5316 . cuirfid se in cride druim tar ais, PH 7797 . cuir do chomhrádh ar athlá, Dánta Gr. 39.2 . do cuir fa aithne orra dul is in oilen, BCC 239 . ro chuirseat for nemhthní na F. `set nothing by the F.', AFM ii 1172.20 . niro cuirsit a mbridh an ni sin ignored that, Grail 3308 . rocursed na curaid a cenn a chele `the warriors attacked each other', Ériu viii 36.8 . an síodh cuirthior 'n-a chéile which is restored, O'Hara 1279 . cuir a gcrích ar chan an fáidhsin cause to come true, SGS iv 142 § 21 . go gcuireann cuid éigin . . . i bhfeidhm, TSh. 2222 . má chuiré a ngníomh iad, Desid. 3219 . chuiris a lochda . . . ós áird, Mac Aingil 3351 . cuireadh sin sios go mor do Chriosd = fit iniuria Christo, Luc. Fid. 3640 . cuir . . . súasuin sinn `lift me up', Bard. P. 6. 5 . cuirim suas don ghrádh I forsake (despair of?), Dánta Gr. 90.2 . ni chuireann . . . an Cailbhineach suas don Luitearanach, Luc. Fid. 2889 . cuiridh . . . a tigh súas = buildeth her house, Proverbs xiv 1 . cuirfit darcend naforcetla will upset, Three Hom. 70.7 . ro-chuir cend dar cend ┐ druimm dar ais miassa . . ., PH 4392 . cuir trit a ceile mix (them) together, Rosa Angl. 212.20 .

Vn. 1 cor. cuired. Part. cuirthe. Vbl. of necess. cuirthi.

5 de

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 5 de or dil.ie/14791
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: de, dé, dæ, de, -de

prep -te, -ti added to comparatives, corresponding in sense to Lat. eo, Eng. the. Identical with 1 de, di from it, because of it. In Oir. still treated as an independent word and always written de ( dé, Wb. 22 d 2 ; dæ, Ml. 90 a 11 = de); in Mid.-Ir. wholly enclitic and written together with the comparative, the unaspirated, now intervocalic, -d- according to the rules of spelling being written -t-: córaite (Oir. córu de). -d slender at all phases of the language and never discarded (Quiggin's explanation of `a chách,' Quiggin Vorton. Wörter 34 , is wrong). Its place is immediately after the comparative, only exceptionally separated from it by an enclitic word as Ml. 23 d 23 : [im]mi ardu ni de; ib. 83 b 11 : bid étrummu doib de.

In certain points the Mid.-Ir. usage diverges from Oir. In the Glosses -de is used proleptically, referring in a general way to a cause which follows introduced by the prep. di or trí, e.g.:

A robtar erdarcu de dind ulc doratad forru they were the more famous for the evil that was inflicted on them Ml. 47 a 18 . airmi ardu ni de tri dul isna lucu arda for we are the higher for going into high places ib. 23 d 23 . is huilliu de mo ḟreiscsiu do (= di) neuch rorádis su, Thes. ii 2. 34 .

.

B (di, tri + vn. + gen.) conid étrummu dæ in bochtae...tri frescissin messa fíriéin ind ríg doib iarum so that the poverty is the lighter through their expectation of the just judgment of the king afterwards Ml. 90 a 11 . is moltaidiu de tri tabairt fortachtan cid du neuch nachidáirilli it is the more praiseworthy through giving help even to one who does not deserve it ib. 84 c 13 . ( LU 60 a 38 fri seems used in a similar way: rafetammár ém in gilla sin ┐ ní messaite fria fis is dalta dún.)

— In Mid.-Ir. the prepositional expression was completely abandoned. The usage is illustrated by the following examples.

A corresp. to A above: is moti a pian som cach olc dorónsat their suffering is the greater for the evil they have committed LU 33 b 3 . ba nertiti leis a menma na scéla adfiadar dó in gilla, SCC § 20 . is córaiti hí a fromad ima hairigthib it is the more fit for having been tested Laws ii 252. 12 . ferrdi re fer na haicdi a bith urrlum the owner of the article is the better pleased for its being ready ib. ii 414. 23 . Cf. i 152. 23 ; ii 88. 5 ; iii 418. 5 . finnaid dún in líon atám. ni meisde nech uaib a rád, Acall. 1101. 6528 . comad móti in pian dó beth beo co fotai isin croich, PH 2439 . rocumbrig Ísu in ernaigthe sea...co mbad erusaite do chách a mebrugud a beth cummair that it should be the easier to remember to every one for being short ib. 7862 .

B corresp. to B above: ni mescaiti hé in lind dól he is none the more intoxicated for having drunk the ale Laws iii 202. 6 (Oir. † ní mescu de dóul (or di óul) ind lenno dó, RC xxxvii 218 ). is bindide sian na bó a laeg do légan lé the bellowing of the cow is the more melodious for her calf being left with her ib. v 62. 19 . ib. 20 , 27 ; 40. 10 . i 138. 4 f.b. ropo móde in firt sa do dénam it was the greater for the working of this miracle (note on Broccán's Hymn), Thes. i 346. 21 . conid móti éstither riu immad erlabra do dénum that the more attention would be paid them for their much speaking PH 7840 . ni feirrde neach bás súaiṁneach dḟaghbháil ara leabaidh dhó, TSh. 236. 10 .— Sg. 2 a 7 : bith má de do buith daitsiu hi coimthecht oco it will be the greater for thy being associated in it, does not represent the Mid.-Ir. type, as do is not the possessive but the prep. di.

Often corresponding to preceding cach + subst.: cach mét donóir ṡægalta i mbía nech is móiti a guasacht the more a person possesses of worldly honour the greater his danger YBL 167 b 32 . cach airdi bias in torad bid trumaidi a thuindseom ac toitim the higher the fruit...the heavier ib. 167 b 35 ; but Mod.-Ir: dá aoirde an toradh iseadh is truime , &c. Already Laws iii 420. 3 f.b. : cach codnaidetu i mbia fer inmuillti is indligthiti cú. cach éccodnatu i mbia fer inmuillti is dligthechaiti cú the more sensible...the more unlawful, &c.

With multiplicatives: áibinniti fo deich ten times as beautiful LL 151 b 1 f.b. áigthidiu de, áigthidite the more dreaded : arimp áigthidiude, Wb. 23 d 23 . ansu de, ansaite the heavier , eo gravius: air is ansu de a dothaim mani airissedar ind lám fri talmain occo, Ml. 131 b 4 . curap andsati (v.l. ánsude), Trip. 218. 20 . ardu de, ardaite the higher : cia thés hi loc bes ardu ní ardu de, Ml. 23 d 23 . airtem .i. airdiu de indem a eiṁ fair, Laws ii 240. 1 . armad ardiu crand is móide co mór benaid na gætha fris the higher a tree is the more do the winds beat against it YBL 167 b 32 . roimpá form Finnachta ní ba airdite a ḟine, LL 308 a 22 . assu de, usaite the easier : is assu de tabairt in ferso huachtaraig, Ml. 107 c 16 . usaite le in torad dogní ó láim inn [f]uath ledb ina fiadnaisi, Laws i 152. 23 . comad usaidi do bidbaid a fagail (sc. the debts), ib. iii 152. 13 . ussaite, Fél.² xxxii 34 . bindiu de, bindite the sweeter : is bindide sian na bó a laeg do légan le, Laws v 62. 19 . buidechu de, budigiu de, budechaiti the more satisfied: tabar in deired fledi do mathib Lochlainne corop budechaiti iat, CRR 20. 8 . calmu de, calmaite the braver : is nertmairite┐ is calmaite in menma daenna, PH 4801 . córu de, córaite the more proper : is córaiti hi a fromad ima hairigthib it is the more fit for having been proved by its tests Laws ii 252. 12 . dánu de, dánaite the more audacious : co mbad dánaite tísad diabul dia aimsiugud, PH 4781 . deccru de the harder : deacraide, TSh. 257. 26 . BS 54. 10 . deissiu de: deiside the nicer, &c. P. O'C. 1531 . dligthigiu de, dligthigite , dligthechaiti the more lawful : cach éccodnatu i mbia fer inmuillti is dligthechaiti cú, Laws iii 420. 1 f.b. dligthidiu de, dligthite the more lawful : cach codnaidetu i mbia fer inmuillti is indligthiti cú, ib. 420. 2 f.b. Cf. dligite, indligite in the corresp. passage, ib. 198. 17 sq.; but dlighthighi, ii 202. 6 , dlithidhe, iii 524. 2 do not, as Atkinson thinks, contain -de. dóchu de, dóchaite the more likely : dochaite in gním do dénum dó uair adeir it is more likely that he has committed the deed for he says so Laws iii 110. 3 f.b. Lism. L. 390 b . Anecd. ii 36 § 21 . Bor. 105 . dochaidi, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 332. 15 . dothíde, Seanchaint 205 . doilgiu de, doilgite the more difficult: anscuiche .i. is doilgiti a scuchad...ó bias fola lánlóige and, Laws iii 12. 19 . duibiu de the blacker : duibhide, P. O'C. 1531 . dúthrachtachu de, -taigite the more zealous, earnest : cumad dúthrachtaigite dobérmaisne ár menmain inár nernnaigthi, PH 7849 . erdarcu de, erdarcaite the more famous Ml. 47 a 18 , quoted above. erusu de, erusaite the easier: co mbad erusaite do chách a mebrugud a beth cummair, PH 7862 . essamnu de, essamnaite the more fearless: it essamnu de ar rofitetar is, &c., Wb. 23 b 12 . étrummu de, étrumaite the lighter Ml. 90 a 11 , quoted above. dia tartaid si fortachtain doib som bid étrummu doib de, ib. 83 b 11 . ferr de the better : ciarud-chualatar ilbélre ┐ cenuslabratar nípat ferr de, Wb. 12 d 28 . bieid [ní ?] bes ferr de, ib. 32 a 13 . cumad ḟearrde áith that its strength might be the better Laws ii 240. 6 . acht ferrdi re fer na haicdi a bith urrluṁ the owner of the article is the better pleased for its being ready ib. 414. 23 . is feardi in fear sin na dána sin do chindemain aigi, v 20. 27 . nír bo measaiti seom ┐ níbot ferdi sio, YBL 112 a 48 . ferrdi a Íssa haithnisi, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 338. 3 . conid ferrde lemsa cech pian fogéb ar ainm ṅDé, PH 2427 . dá mad hé in bith uli dogébtha maille re díth tanma cá bud ḟerrde dosin, ib. 7582 . ní ferrde le Find féin scél do dénam fair, Acall. 5358 . fíriánu de the more righteous : condid f.d., Wb. 2 a 7 . fotu de the longer : faidite, Acall. 6811 . gairddiu de, gardditi the shorter : gardditi lind éistecht riss mad colléic, LL 96 b 54 . Acall. 6815 . Laws ii 216. 7 . gairdi is used in the same sense as gardditi, cf. siaiti, ib. l. 10 . giliu de the brighter : gilide, P. O'C. 1531 . imdu de, imdaite the more abundant : ut gratia habundet .i. corop imdu de duún, Wb. 3 a 12 . condib imdu de torand inna forgnúso, Sg. 198 a 4 . inducbaidiu de the more glorious : robtar i. de apud deum , Ml. 47 a 18 . irlamu de, urlamaite the readier: omnis autem qui in agone contendit ab omnibus sé abstinet .i. armbad irlamu de don buaith, Wb. 11 a 7 . is bés dósom cosc inna mban i tossug...armbat irlamude ind ḟir fo chumachte Dæi, ib. 22 c 10 . irlithiu de, irlithite the more obedient: armbat irlithiu dé mandatís dei , Wb. 22 d 2 . ísliu de the lower : íslide, Lec. 534 a 11 . lainniu de, laindite the more eager : co mbad laindite leo in forcetul do gabáil do láim, PH 6759 . lemnethu de or slemnethu de the more willing : ardislemnethu de do hícc inna fiach, Wb. 4 a 10 . lethnu de the broader : leithneide, Rel. Celt. i 159. 101 . lia de, liaiteeo plus, eo plures : hóre am essamin se precepte...is lia de creitfess, Wb. 23 b 7 . imurcruidh dáine do thiachtain do chaithiuṁ in bídh célsine uair nocha liauite in biad...cia beth, &c., for the food is not the more plentiful though, &c., Laws ii 28. 17 . luathu de, luathaite the quicker: is airi doníthar in tréiniugadh so orra comad luathaide dosoisdís a féich dḟeichemain toichida, Laws iii 152. 12 . lugu de, lugaiteeo minus : ní lughaiti dlighes in gairi do dénuṁ they are not the less bound to undertake the maintenance Laws ii 192. 5 . noco lugaite smacht ná díre in coma bith indligedh, ib. iii 418. 5 . cé beith nech...noco lugaiti dligus a fochraic díc ris, iv 48. 24 . nuchu lugaidi is grád hé céli do beth aigi, v 40. 10 . dothéged Étáin cach dia dia athreos ┐ ba lugaide a galar som ón do suidiu, TE § 9 LU. rodígaib a thuara ┐ nírbo lugaide a nert Lugdach, Thes. ii 344. 29 . is aire roartraig in taingel hi ṅgné solais in tṡnechta comad lugaiti nobídgtis na banscala riana ḟacsin, PH 3384 . co mbad lugaide , ib. 5207 . (rotescad a tengaid) arái ní lugati dogníd sum forcetul in popuil inní sin, ib. 2549 . scarad cuirp ┐ anma ┐ ni lugaite marus in tanumm, ib. 7480 . mailliu de, maillite the slower : is gnáth mirr do thabairt im chorpaib dóine i nadnocul conid maillite thinaid, PH 7023 . mescu de, mescaite the more intoxicated: noco mescaiti hé in lind dól, Laws iii 202. 6 . messa de, mesaite, meiste, miste the worse. messude, Trip. 218. 9 Eg. mesaidie: cia...nir uó m., IT i 109. 6 . messaite: rafetammar in gillu sin ┐ ní m. fria fis is dalta dún, LU 60 a 38 . mesaite LU 54 a 17 . messaiti, SR 1244 . LL 106 b d . measaiti YBL 112 a 48 . SG 70. 24 . mesaidi FDG. MR 14. 22 . meisti: is m. lóg a roind, Laws iii 462. 17 , 19 .; ib. 478. 24 . mana derntai...bud meisti dáibh, RC xiv 56 . CRR 20 § 14 . cá bud ḟerrdi ┐ cá bud mesti, PH 7582 . ní meisde nech uaib (a rád), SG 118. 25 . miste, ib. 97. 35 . misde: is m. nár bhuan a leithéit, Atlantis iv 226. 4 .—Cf. messa s.v. olc. moltaidiu de the more praiseworthy: is m. d. tri tabairt fortachtan, Ml. 84 c 13 . móo de, móite eo maior, eo maius. móo de, Wb. 2 a 8a . SCC § 10 . mou de, Ml. 53 c 13 . moaide Laws ii 404. 11 . mouite, ii 22. 1 . moaite, ii 202. 1 . mó de, Wb. 29 c 4 . mode, Thes. ii 346. 27 . bith má de eo maius erit Sg. 2 a 7 . maiti, Trip. 114. 22 . cumud móite, Laws ii 22. 17 . noco moite, iii 406. 7 f.b. ba mote, LU 121 b 33 . móti, LL 206 a 21 . PH p. 806 b . bid moti bas trén mo scél, LU 119 b 3 . nucu moiti, Laws ii 414. 2 . móide, ML 40. 9 . moide, Laws ii 88. 5 . moidi, ib. 350. 18 . YBL 158 a 46 ; 167 b 32 .—Cf. mór. nertaidiu de the stronger : nertiti, SCC § 20 . nertmairite the stronger : is nertmairite ┐ is calmaite in menma daenna, PH 4801 . óibindiu de, áibinnite the more beautiful : is áibinniti fo deich, LL 151 b 1 f.b. prapaiti the quicker : comad prapaidi noḟoirbred, Lec. 441 b 35 . sia de, siaite the longer: condib sia de, Sg. 201 b 16 . siaiti, Laws ii 216. 10 . is siaidi a anad, ib. i 282. 43 . siaide, MR 318. 17 . siauite, Laws ii 28. 18 ; 114. 5 . socomlu de, socomlaite the easier : co mbad tṡoccomlaite do Ísu marcachus do dénum, PH 4455 . soimbertu de the more easily plied: bennachais Patraic na iarnu comdar s.d. (v.l. soimberta de), Trip. 218. 21 . soirthiu de, soirthite the easier: s.d. in labrad di, &c., the easier is the pronunciation from, &c., Sg. 15 a 4 . suthnu de, suthnaiti lasting the longer Lec. 441 b 37 . tanu de, tanaite the thinner : á sémigud co mbí tanu de, Ml. 34 a 27 . tressa de, tressaite the stronger : co mbad t.d. hiress apstal do fulung tribulationum, Wb. 25 a 14 . Mid.-Ir. treisidi, TBC-LL¹ 2484 Y. trummu de, trumaite the heavier : trummute, Lism. L. ix 13 LL (trumaidi, Lism.). cach airdi bias in torad bid trumaidi a thuindseom oc toitim, YBL 167 b 34 . tromaide, AFM 1768. 19 . truimite, Acall. 5152 . uilliu de, uillite the greater : Thes. ii 2. 34 . uilliti hé in dá sreith do beth air, Laws i 138. 4 f.b. iv 34. 29 .

MOD. Suffixed to any adjective: ní folláinede madra marbh é bheith san uisge glan. Ní milsede an domblas é bheith i nárthach airgid. Níor ṁeasa do dhuine rud do ghearrfadh a sgórnach ná sgian óir. Aran gcuma gcéadna ní folláinede ┐ ní milsede ┐ ní macántaide sgéal neaṁcháidh é bheith dá innsint i ngaedhilg uasail, P. O'Leary GJ vi 110 . Other comparatives from the mod. literary period are deiside, gilide, giorraide, liaide, siaide, teoide, usaide. —But in the spoken language usually confined to a small number of adjectives. Very common are fearrde, miste, móide (q.v.), idiomatically used with the copula and the prepositions la and do. The original sense has been obscured and as a living comparative particle -de seems obsolete.

dermat

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dermat or dil.ie/15677
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: dermet, dermait

n o,[n.], later m. vn. of do-ruimnethar. IGT Decl. § 11 . Verbs § 99 . forgetting; forgetfulness, oblivion: dermet, Ml. 23d11 . g s. ancride in dermait the injury of oblivion, 23d12 . tucsat na druíd dig ndermait dó a potion of forgetfulness, LU 4030 ( SCC § 48 ). a inchind dermait do buain a cind Cindfaelaid his brain of forgetfulness, Laws iii 86.y . ní raibhe . . . | fer díchill dibh na dermuitt a man neglected or forgotten, BNnÉ 287.34 . With obj. gen.: i ndermut gnimae nDæ, Ml. 124c2 . durumenarsom Dia dia dermut he thought that God had forgotten him, 32d10 . mna delbda . . . a nd.¤ ni dlegar dím, LL 137a12 . lind dermait De the liquor that causes forgetfulness of God, Mon. Tall. 6 (129.32) . dearmad cuimhne mistaken notion , Content. xvi 22 . With prep. AR: dermad ar dubailchib, ZCP viii 215 § 74 . dogní d.¤ di forgets: na déin dearmad do chloinn Ír, Rel. Celt. ii 299.1 . téit ar d.¤ is forgotten: dogníd C. cacha maitne . . . cach cless díb . . . na digsitís ar d.¤ no dichumni úad, TBC-LL¹ 2123 . tú dá chur ar dearmad causing him to be forgotten, TD 29.17 . téit i nd.¤ , id.: co mbad lugaide dechsad i nd.¤ ond eclais, PH 5207 . co ndechsat na tri anmand sin i nd.¤ a hEre, Dinds. 110 ( RC xvi 61.16 ). dobeir i nd.¤ forgets: an drong . . . do-bheir i ndearmad . . . a gcríoch dhéidheanach, TSh. 224 . go dtugaid a charaid i ndearmad é, 3899 . In concrete sense, something forgotten; an omission : dearmad do fhágbhas ag Aodh 'I left behind with Aodh something I forgot', Giolla Brighde 162 § 1 . dearmhad éigin do fhágsam 'I left something forgotten', Giolla Brighde 162 § 4 . nach do bhrigh chumardhachta na dermuid do ronus 'that it is not because of abridgement that the omissions which I have committed occurred', Celtica xxviii 5 .

Compd. ¤obair mistaken action: do ládh druim, gér dhearmad-obair, | le clár Chuinn, Ir. Monthly 1920, 314 § 3 ( DDána 89 ).