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ablann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ablann or dil.ie/72

 

n f. Later form of obla(e), q.v.

(a) nochtad . . . inna hablainne, LB 251a41 . fechait oblaind .i. ablanna ┐corp Crist, RC xxvi 34 - 5 . i gcruth abhloinne, Dán Dé xviii 28 . gé nach ttréigeand an abhlann fioghair . . . aráin, Parrth. Anma 210.20 (3005) . fedb irissiuch dognid ablanda dosom, RC xlvi 239.9 .

(b) ?is bés . . . oc Gregaib grán cruitnechta do h-idpairt i fharrad áblainde, LB 141b5 . abhlanna gan laibhín ungtha le fíon `unleavened cakes ', Levit. vii 12 .

Apparently for annlann in: luibh dárab ainm fiaidhleitiús do chaitheamh mar abhlann leis (of the Paschal lamb; = azymos panes cum lactucis agrestibus, Exodus xii 8 ), Eochairsg. 98.4 .

ásaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ásaid or dil.ie/4369
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: ásair, assar, rohassair, fásaid

v (1 ás) Pret. 3 s. ásair, Rawl. 164b21 . Perf. ro assar , Anecd. iii 67.20 . rohassair, 22 . IGT Verbs § 123 . Also fásaid.

(a) grows of plants, people, etc.: in fualascach bec ásas asin chrunn, Sg. 65a7 . roásaiset drissi . . . tar sodin, Ml. 2a6 . lase nastae `when they are growing', 87b12 . di neoch asas á terra, Thes. ii 11.36 ( BCr. 18a2 ). nocon ássa froíchne isin maigin sin, Trip.² 1021 . bíam cúsa do imdegail do chethra . . . cor ása in cú hísin, LU 5028 ( TBC-I¹ 539 ). co mbad prapiti no asad, 4436 . a bith roóc ar níro ásatar a renga, 10157 . ind ḟidbad ro ás triana chend, LL 4478 . trian cach neich losas ┐ asas ┐ infoirbres air o thir, Laws iii 126.22 Comm. co ro asa a rind for a feor `until the top grows on the grass', iv 48.17 Comm. fidbudh . . . fora n-āsatar . . . ubla, Anecd. i 56 § 45 . ní ḟás luibh a húir, TD 11.11 . noch d'fas faoi an bféinn `grown of the Fianna's stock', O'Gr. Cat. 583.36 . co roasat a n-ulchada, Rawl. 79a20 . ro den . . . a ó co ná farcaib feoil . . . fair ┐ co ná ro assair fair riam, SG 310.x . Springs from (DI, ó): síl Aeda . . . diar ásair mór ríg, Rawl. 164b21 . ni fhāsann ech dia ngroighibh, Marco P. 175 . da nasa coimpert uathaib, Laws ii 406.31 Comm. in fhrém o fhás in uli olc, PH 7603 . an céad athair ó'r fhásamar, Eochairsg. 27.24 .

Of inanimate things increases: fásaidh slios ré ar n-a raghuin the side of the moon grows after waning, DDána 90.9 . roḟas ceo . . . dun a fog gathered around us, Ériu v 146.24 . roás ind n-imguin foraib cach dia `the slaughter increased on them', Ériu ii 30 § 15 . an mhéide ro fhāss forsan mbairghin `how much the loaf had increased', Fl. Earls 228.1 . Spreads, covers: ésga órrtha ar nár fhás dubhadh `whereon no eclipse has spread', Studies 1919, 75 § 17 . tuile gan tráigh daonnacht Dé / ar gach aon-olc nar fhás sí has it not covered every evil? A. Ó Dálaigh xxix 1 . Becomes: d'fhás feoil an leinimh te, 2 Kings iv 34 .

(b) arises, develops, esp. of dissension, war, etc.: ásaidh comrac úathmar, TTr.² 1462 . fasaidh gredan mor, Aen. 1987 . roḟás ceist adhbhalmhor ag feraibh Érenn 'mon caingin sin, Ériu iii 154 § 8 . rofás ceist mór ag Finn don ghním-sin, Fianaig. 56.14 . rofitir fein ga[ch] ni asfas dochair ind, TTebe 2325 . réidhiughadh roinn / ór ḟás d'éiliughadh eadroinn, TD 15.1 . fásuidh aimhreighe eidir e ┐ athair, Rel. Celt. ii 162.8 . Subj. unexpressed: is iarum ro ás dó ┐ do C. a quarrel arose between him and C., Rawl. 134b22 . Results from, arises from (DI, A): conid ed roḟás de sidhe . . . cormarb cach dib a cheli `it resulted that . . .', RC xviii 273.4 . ro assar iartain oc Bretnaib fledog(ug)ud imda . . . rohassair assaide sarthol ┐ etrad . . ., Anecd. iii 67.20 . is de ro fas bas Cheit, Ériu viii 176.25 . nir fas don tsluaiged sin doib-sim acht in tir . . . do lot, Ann. Conn. 1225.25 . dond errlaime asas donn iarraid, Laws i 36.10 Comm. conad he sin adbar d'ár ḟasastar fuathnell, MR 240.4 . dia tuctha na deich fo cethair is .xl. fhásas dib, Lism. L. 4620 . is as sin ro ás indiu na h-uli datha i n-etuch epscop, LL 2040 . is as fhásas in faisne[s]-sea, PH 1616 . as assin ro fhás co na deni sacart oifrenn i fiadhnaisi epscoip, AFM i 358.7 .

Occas. in impers. (trans.) use (but see Ériu xxxvi 193-94 ): nirás nach ṅduine dalbda / commus huili a aurlabra, SR 4809 = conid de sin is follus nach la duine fen comus a erlabra acht la Dia, LB 123a6 . ro ás gnóe móir in n-ingin, LU 3161 ; 'she grew with great beauty, the girl' Ériu xxxvi 193-94 (= ara n-ingin, YBL 175b50 ). Cf. Ériu ii 30 and Fl. Earls 228 supra. Vn. ás.

benaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. benaid or dil.ie/5647
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: benim, benaim, benai, benith, benaid, bennaid, benid, bentai, -ben, benas, benait, -benat, -rubaim, benair, benar, -bentar, -benad, -bentais, ben, benad, benaidh, benat, benar, -bia, -ruba, -rubai, -bethir, -ruibther, betir, -rubad, -rubaitis, -rubdais, no-m-bethe, bīu, biëd, bíthus, bias, bifas, -biter, bethir, -bífad, -bífed, mbíthe, beo, bii, b, bissis, bisius, bië, -beotur, -rubha, -ruba, -rubai, -rubi, rodmbi, ros-bae, robéotar, robeotar, robeobdar, -rubatar, -rubhradar, bíth, -rrubad, bíthi, bitha, -bítha, ro-bīthe, bethi

v See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 369 , 461 , GOI §§ 551 , 654 , 691 (a) , KZ xlvii 159. Indic. pres. 1 s. benim, Thes. ii 42.7 . benaim, LU 6170. 2 s. benai, TBC-I¹ 3592. 3 s. benith, Thes. ii 250.11 , benaid, Ml. 46d4 , LU 6206 , bennaid, 5213 . benid, TBC-I¹ 397 , bentai, 1201 (with suff. pron.). bentus, Airne F. 2.17 . -ben, 424 , Blathm. 98 § 26. Rel. benas, Corm. Y 1235 , Críth G. 556 , TBC-I¹ 3605. 3 pl. benait, Fél. Jan. 31 , June 30 , -benat, MU² 544. With ro-: 1 s. -rubaim, LU 6230. Pass. sg. benair, Ériu ix 47 § 19. Rel. benar, Thes. ii 254.3 (Stowe M.). 3 pl. -bentar, Ml. 91b3 . Indic. impf. 3 s. -benad, LU 9137 ( FB 88 ), 3 pl. -bentais, TBC-I¹ 30. Ipv. 2 s. ben, TBC-I¹ 3593. 3 s. benad, Wb. 20c8 . 2 pl. benaidh, Ériu ii 120 § 58. 3 pl. benat, TBC-LL¹ 5834. Pass. sg. benar, Ml. 93d16 .

Subj. pres. 3 s. -bia, Laws iv 124.10 . With ro-: 2 s. -ruba, TBC-I¹ 1596. -rubai, Críth G. 581. Pass. 3 s. -bethir, Ml. 36a5 . -ruibther, CRR 54. 3 pl. betir, Ml. 54a17 . Subj. impf. (with ro-) 3 s. -rubad, TBC-I¹ 2769. 3 pl. (?) -robeotais, Cymmr. xiv 118 § 19 ( Rawl. 132b35 ). -rubaitis, TBC-I¹ 806 , -rubdais, Metr. Dinds. iii 104.24 . Pass. sg. no-m-bethe, Ml. 39a19 .

Fut. 1 s. bīu, TBC-I¹ 3592. 3 s. biëd, Celtica xxi 200.6 . bíthus (with suff. pron.), LU 10481. Rel. s. bias, TBC-LL¹ 3453. With -f-: bifas, Rawl. 132b36 . Pass. pl. -biter, Anecd. i 44.4 . Rel. s. bethir, Blathm. 957 . Condit. 3 s. no bīad, TBC-I¹ 2942. -bífad, SR 5812 , -bífed, TBC-LL¹ 744. Pass. s. no mbíthe (nom bithe, MS.), Blathm. 506.

Pret. and perf. 1 s. beo, TFrag. 108.6 = AFM i 302.9 . 3 s. bii (disyll.), Blathm. 98 § 25. b, LU 1750 (ICM). -bí (= -bai, TBC-I¹ 696 ), LU 5176. Note also (with suffix. pronoun and intrusive -s-) bissis, RC xii 68 § 34 , bisius ib. Rel. s. bië (disyll.), Blathm. 279. 3 pl. -beotur, Corm. Y 698 (59.5) = -beodutar, Corm. 24 (gaire). With ro-: 1 s. -rubha, AFM i 242.9 (= RC xvii 177.2 ), 2 s. -ruba, Wb. 13d25 . 3 s. ro bi, Rawl. 88a30 , -rubai, LU 5334 , -rubi, BDD² 187 , rodmbi, Laws iv 176.26 . ros-bae, CRR 56. 3 pl. robéotar, LU 5110 (= TBC-I¹ 625 ). robeotar (beóatar, robeobdar, ro hortsat, v.ll.), Metr. Dinds. iii 98.3 . -rubatar, TBFr. 60 , BDD² 695. Note also: go n-da-rubdatar, TBC-LL¹ 4384 (see Ériu xiv 118.1 ). -rubhradar, ZCP i 464.29 . Pass. sg. bíth, Metr. Dinds. iii 94.23 . ro bíth, RC xxiii 308.33 . -rrubad (sic leg.), Fianaig. 10.21 . pl. bíthi (bithi, MS.), Blathm. 203. bitha, RC xxiii 308.33 , -bítha, Arch. Hib. ii 62 § 52. ro bitha, Ml. 100b2 , TBC-I¹ 1373. ro-bīthe, ZCP xi 62.4 .

Part. see bíthe. vbl. of necess. bethi, Ml. 114c12 . Vn. see béim, bíth. Later with stem ben-, boin- (cf. boingid), bain- throughout (with ā-subj., f- future and s- pret.). See rubaid.

I

(a) beats, strikes: in O. Ir. gl. pinso, Thes. ii 42.7 , perculsus, Ml. 45d6 , pulsat, 46d4 , iecta, 123c17 . beanaim .i. buailim, O'Cl. b.¤ in t-aingel in sruth co fleisc, LU 2117 ( FA 18 ). bi ind ala slabrad suil ind rig, Ériu iii 136.2 . co mbensom dia durnn inna ētan, TBC-I¹ 423. fer benas dam óenbéimmim who fells an ox with one blow, Críth G. 556. bentai Cuc[h]ulaind cona claideb, TBC-I¹ 1201. b.¤ in talum o chois deis he strikes the ground with his right foot, PH 1337. benith galar (a charm), Thes. ii 250.11 . araile fer . . . robenad on crithgalur was stricken by, Lat. Lives 98 § 93. benfat na demna o phianaib examla me, PH 2231. (of a head of hair) b.¤ braine a dá imdae it strikes against (i.e. touches) the edge of his hips, BDD² 963. drud rú asa mbearna bheanaid `whose gap they strike at' (Gloss.), O'R. Poems 859. an mheadh as lán dom lochtaibh / bean a clár dod chumhochtaibh `strike up . . . the scale weighted with my sins' (?), Dán Dé xxii 12 . Transfd. casts (a shadow): co mbentais foscod i medōn a dā gruaide (eyelashes), TBC-I¹ 30. reaches: benaidh immorro inis Breatan seach hErinn saerthuaid co cian (`extends', Todd Nenn. 31.2 ), BB 203b40 .

Of hand-clappers, bells strikes, rings: ben do chlocc, Trip.² 1370. clocán bind / benar i noidchi gaithe that is struck, IT iii 16 § 40 . benais Sencha bascrand, MU² 923. robenadur na cluic `sounded', ZCP vi 285.1 . benait cluig ┐ ceōlāin . . . uaidhip fēin `the bells and chimes . . . of themselves rang', Fl. Earls 52.2 . In phr. b.¤ (cloc) FOR (? AR), see II infra.

Strikes (fire), lights: co bethir gl. inuratur, Ml. 36a5 . roben in tenid Chascae = incendit ignem, Lat. Lives 5 § 4. do benusa teine ┐ doronus a fadodh, BNnÉ 69 § 114 .

Note also: F. féigbind ro ben bríg mbreth who passed weighty judgments (Thurn.), ZCP x 271.4 . With galar: benaim galar `I slay the disease´ Celtica xxv 252 . benim a galar, Thes. ii 249.7 . benith galar, 250.11 . See also 1 fris-ben.

(b) hews, cuts down, off: bíi Ququlaind a dī ord lāma ┐ a dī ortt coisse, ZCP viii 120.21 . bennaid Cu Chulaind omnae, LU 5213. do benuit leō roga ro-chleth . . . ┐ mīne mōirf[h]eda, ML² 1064. benat scíathu let them slash shields, TBC-LL¹ 5834. (of breaching, knocking down a wall) dia robenad in t-ochtmad múr, PH 8014.

(c) slays; wounds: beosa L. an[d] do chailg, TFrag. 108.6 (= AFM i 302.9 ). ra mbeótar i n-ecomlond, LU 6680 (= TBC-I¹ 2138 ). intī bifas nō genfas (sic) nech do slōg araile . . . arthús, Rawl. 132b36 . nad ro marb in bech rodmbi (glossed: ro gonastar e, 178.7 Comm. ) `the bee which stung him', Laws iv 176.26 . Eoin . . . do thriall tar sáil / is mó bhíth mé is do ghríos mé ná is mian do rádh `what has wounded me more sorely', O'Gr. Cat. 581.10.

(d) Of crops cuts, reaps; gathers: (of Adam) co n-aireadh ┐ co mbenadh gan allus, BB 16b2 ( ITS xxxiv 58.15 ). benaid in gort uile `they reap the whole field', Ériu v 116.14 . glenn . . . ina mbenaid dáoine ímforcraidh spísraid, Maund. 54. an chnú ní 'na bláth beantair, Dán Dé vii 15 . luibh leighis re báidh beanais with love (for us) He plucked a healing herb, DDána 48.1 . (of turf-cutting) mani bentar hi ina haimsir coir, Laws i 132.7 Comm.

(e) incises, engraves: ise in luathrindi sin robenadh i sciath C. that is the `luathrindi' (lit. ash-point) that was cut in the shield of C., Ériu v 72.23 . (of drawing Ogam characters) no da mbentar uile, LL 5338 ( Auraic. 5449. )

(f) takes (away), carries off: bensat giallu iar congail, RC xvii 145.14 . Of tax, tribute, etc. exacts, levies: mili dam mili bo benaim `I exact', 49.9 .

II With follg. adv. do ben a claidheamh amach drew his sword, ITS xix 44.4 . lér bhain sé a fhlaitheas . . . amach arís `recovered', Keat. ii 1089. do benadh luirech an ridire sin amuig `was captured', L. Chl. S. 38. do bean Úa B. . . an gealladh . . . ar aiss retracted, Expugn. Hib. 69. do benatar ar lár laim ris `they fell to the ground', BCC 132.

With prepp. With A takes from: in pars benar a hichtur in lithe `the particle that is cut off', Thes. ii 254.3 (Stowe M.). ercōit benus do ṡūil as do chinn, ACL iii 308.z. is tu rogab misi . . . ┐ roben fhuasgailt asum `got ransom from me', ZCP vi 285.8 . (of a rescue from a castle) go mbendaís an tiarla as d'áis no d'eiccen, AFM vi 2172.25 . do bheanadar as . . . they inferred that . . ., PublicRecords Appendix 40.22 . eunuchi . . . .i. na daoine as a mbeantur, 23 K 42, 94.18 . na h-ainmhíntidhe a mbaintear asta which are gelded, Corp. Astron. 90.21 . as e as adbur as a mbainter na catraca `that is the material from which cities . . . are formed', Ir. Astr. Tr. 36.7 . do benadh comnuidhe asainne forsan muir we were stayed, BNnÉ 7 § 22 . robenus lēim luthmur . . . as mo sdét made my steed leap, ZCP vi 65.9 . beantur fiuchad as `bring it (i.e. milk) to the boil', Rosa Angl. 94.2 . b.¤ custam as levies toll on: bentor custam as a n-eachroidh in gach baile dip, Fl. Earls 86.1 . b.¤ greim a see greimm. ? gan mo bhac, a Dhé, i ndeacraibh / ná beantair lat é as m'olcaibh, DDána 61.6 .

With DE takes from: robenaitt a lama ┐ a cosa donti dorone were cut off, Ann. Conn. 1224.3 . benuis screapall beg . . . de `broke off', Fl. Earls 34.17 . dobenadh a ceimniughudh de the power of walking was taken from him, Aisl. Tond. 107.3 . Of covering, clothing, etc. ben a erriud ┐ a étgud de take off his equipment and his clothing, TBC-LL¹ 4061. bensat a chroicend de `stripped his skin from him', PH 2146. bean an dá bhliadhain déag . . . do na hocht gcéad déag bliadhan úd `deduct . . . from', Keat. ii 1160. do ben minna da ṡíair fa marbad uile `he made his sister swear that she would kill them all', Maund. 82. go mbeanfaidhear cúntas 'na smuaintighthibh dhe an account of his thoughts will be demanded of him, TSh. 7304.

Various phrases. b.¤ céill, súil de, see cíall, súil. b.¤ cert de, see cert. do bhean Ír díobh . . . tosach `outstripped [them],' Content. xxx 4 ; cf. ag béin túsa d'íbh Táil, IGT Introd. § 38. ris an mbréig níor bhean dá mhóid he did not break his vow (?), A. Ó Dálaigh l 31.

With DO: lucht an bheatha dá mbeanfadh on whom it would fall (i.e. a deluge of rain), DDána 75.22 . do ben escor don nech the person fell, BCC 452.27 . do bhain a mhaoith (sic MS.) do gach fior affected everyone, Ériu i 98.32 . ro bhen a droch-dhiach dhó oir fuair a righedh ar carr `his evil destiny awaited him', AFM v 1818.12 . ní bhean th'aigneadh d'Eóghan thy opinion did not effect E. (i.e. E. was not of thy mind), Ir. Review 1912, 471 § 5 . dom anmain is eadh bheanas / an mac do bhí i mbraighdeanas the child . . . is my soul, DDána 7.21 . gidh cúich mé, a bhean, beanfad daoibh / madh áil leat leannán macaoimh I shall be yours, 67.14 . Caiter ḟíona .i. an chailleach dhubh do ben dó who adhered to him, Ó Héodhusa 42.8 . ní bheanann dúinn trāchdadh orra annso it is not our business to . . ., Mac Aingil 2586 . ní bheanand doibh offic Chriosd do ghabhail chuca `they have no right to', Carswell 225.

With FO: b.¤ foo (in ras. H) attacks them, LU 4874. bean far dtoirmisg-ne far dtoil try to prevent us from achieving our wish, DDána 95. 24 . má bheanann faoi ag mionsmuaineadh . . . ar na neithibh si if he happens to be thinking, Mac Aingil 360 .

With FOR (AR): forom-sa co m-benfat a n-osnaid ┐ a mmallachtain it is at me their sighs . . . will be directed, TBC-LL¹ 197. benais Medb béim n-aisce fair reproached him, 472 . benfait Ulaid form do lecud th'oenur sin cocrích, 1176 . ní bheanfa aimhleas no olc / ormsa inghean Con Connocht `Cú Ch.'s daughter will not charge me with hurt or harm' (?) Studies 1921, 589 § 8 . ro ben cotlud na haidhchi forro deprived them of, CCath. 2439. ni bhenabh sa a chuid don tsaogal fair, BNnÉ 182.15 . ar neach do bhean a mbúaludh / uabhur h'each mear dhā mūnadh `the mettlesomeness of your swift steeds . . . deprived a person of (the need of) beating them' (Notes), O'R. Poems 2535. nā benaidh amhiris for Dia imm immut a mirbhol do not visit God with disbelief (?), Ériu ii 120 § 58. b.¤ (cloc) for (? ar) lit. rings (a bell) against, hence excommunicates: gabais salmmu escaine foraib . . . B. a chlocc foraib, Trip.² 1303. cor benadh an Bernān Ciarāin (i.e. the saint's bell) fair, RC xvii 383.11 . benait co mBríg . . . / barr find for slúag enair they, together with . . . B., bring the host of January to a good end, Fél. Jan. 31. See 1 glas.

With FRI (LA): traig . . . isī benas fri lār touches the ground, Corm. Y 1235. is béss didu ind liacc benir (sic MS.) ilbeim friss gl. lapidem offensionis et petram scandali, Wb. 4d15 . fuair fearthain . . . / nochar bhean re brat an naoimh, Dán Dé iv 22 . in Brug risa mbenand tond, Ériu vii 219 § 6. ? co Luimneach lethanglas / frismbarca ben, iv 154.2 (see F 428.56). benum . . . frisna catrachaib filet fri toeb mara let us visit, LB 142a29 . acht co mbeantai (toccaibti, v.l.) mur friu `if only a wall were set up against them', Ériu viii 179.9 . inud in ro ben in nathair fris 'the place where the serpent had stung him', ITS xxxv 34 § 119 . Fig. touches, affects; is concerned with, meddles with: benad fria chubus fessin gl. opus suum probet unusquisque, Wb. 20c8 . benaidh rind labhairt ar aesaib(h) an domhain, Leb. Gab.(i) 2.7 . ná bean ris, Proverbs xx.19. Ronán . . . / Colman fria mbaig benaim `whom I entreat for their blessing', Gorm. Aug. 18 (? modelled on late Lat. use of pulsare in sense of rogo, see Du Cange s.v. 1 pulsare ). ara mbaig fris mbenab, Nov. 4. gach ní dar bhean le Tepoitt `all the possessions of T.', AFM vi 2146.19 . an té do-ní adhaltrannas . . nō bheanas ré mnaoi neamhpósda, Parrth. Anma 2495.

With I: b.¤ side sleg n-ind, LU 1522. suil beanfuighthear innte = before it be meddled with, Proverbs xvii 14.

with ó forms, derives from (gramm.): cia an t-éntuillréim dég iollraidh ó nach beantur samhlughadh amhuil, IGT Introd. § 2. ? aer o bard benar, Laws v 228.28 .

1 búal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 búal or dil.ie/7255

 

n prob. an inference from 2 búalad; expld. as water. See ZCP i 98. būal .i. usce, ut dicitur: nī ragha do chos i mbūal, Corm. Y 183 , Ériu xiii 76 § 197. fual .i. bual uisce inde dicitur arna sai hi fual (.i. i mbual), Corm. 20. fūal quasi fuil ar a dath. Uel quasi būal .i. uisce, Corm. Y 643 , Corm. Tr. 79. bual .i. uisce, O'Dav. 210 , O'Cl. loithēan do loingeas ō bhūal glossed: .i. lacha d'indarba ó uisge (B. na f.), ZCP v 488 § 3.

? In compd.: bualeann didu .i. lenn frith for bual .i. brat fuaradar meic Míledh forsan ocian amail tresbann, ┐ ní fes cisi luibh dia ndernadh, O'Dav. 210. Cf. fleann-uisge `water crowfoot', Hogan Luibhl.

1 buga

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 buga or dil.ie/7330
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: bugha

n io. bugha, m., IGT Decl. § 2 (39.26) . Name of some bright-coloured flower, hyacinth (?), bluebell (?), see Hogan Luibhl. Freq. in comparisons: bugha .i. bo muc, mar atá luibh gorm no glas ris a samhailtear súile bhios gorm no glas, O'Cl. bugha .i. bó muc `a kind of very green herb called blue-bell or bluebottle, a cyanus or hyacinth ', P. O'C. cosmail fri b.¤ (.i. luibh ghormghlas, marg. sup.) a suili, BB 261a1 , IT iii 186 § 3. batar glasithir b.¤ na dí ṡúil, BDD² 24. barrán budi, buge nglé, / ba hé dath a imleisse, GJ x 579 § 3 ( YBL 127b27 ). guirme a ṡúil (sic MS.) fri mbugha barr, ZCP xiii 169.16 . [a] dá ghormshúil mar bhláth mbugha, Magauran 1327 . fa báine iná búgh a dhá shúil, ITS xxiv 12.20 . co pubaill co [mbricht mb]ugha, Acall. 795 `colour of hyacinth', Gloss. blas an b.¤ / as ní raga (of a chief), BColm. 66.z .

Compd. bantracht baillgel bugaruisc 'white-limbed, blue-eyed women', BDC 126.342 .

1 cadb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cadb or dil.ie/7550

 

adj fair, beautiful(?): c.¤ calb glossed ar cāinchend, ZCP iii 222 § 1 . ainm in chanand caidb (.i. cendchaeim .i. Seanan c.¤ ┐ calb cenn), 224 § 12 . camchúl cladhdhlúth, cadhblúb (cadbluib, -luibh , cadhluib, MSS.) cruinnighthe cuach, Hackett xxxii 3 . c.¤ .i. cain, Lec. Gl. 150 .

caithriugad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. caithriugad or dil.ie/8014

 

v (caithir): do dhéanuid caithriughadh amach . . . mar luibh = shall flourish , Ps lxxii 16 . See Dinneen .

1 cích

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cích or dil.ie/9038
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cíche, chichib, cīguib, chiigh, ciich, cích, cígh, -e, cích, -e, -a, cich

n Orig. s, n. ( cich ┐ glun a ndemi thepide, Auraic. 1852 ). Later m. and f. g s. and n p. cíche. d p. chichib, Anecd. i 4.2 ( SCano 80 ). Perh. orig. s, n., but cf. d p. cīguib, Corm. Y 145 . Note also n s. chiigh, Cáin Ad. 8 , n du. dā ciich , 3 . cích cígh f. (g s. -e), IGT Decl. § 39 . m. (g s. cích, -e, -a), § 46 .

(a) pap, (the female) breast : cich haec mamma , Ir. Gl. 100 . mo c[h]iche cen loimm, Todd Lect. vi 83.6 . immacossaitiub dá c.¤ cacha óenmná (threat of Bricriu), LU 8089 ( FB 6 ). dī cīch mnā nochlōitis leis (of Bricriu), ZCP viii 218.12 . ba cenn mna nō dā ciich noberthe i tasilbhath, Cáin Ad. 3 . di chich a mathar Finnchoime, IT i 142.18 . dac[h]ōdar mo chíghi-si i ndīsca, Cáin Ad. 8 . a ciche do taitnemh amail t-snechta, Lism. L. 3337 . a boill imellacha ┐ a cighi, Rosa Angl. 90.25 . delb mna o cichaib suas (of monster), TTebe 523 . ár mbrollach ┐ ár ccíocha leis breasts exposed, Párl. na mB. 562 . Of womens' supplication: nochtaid a cithi ris ┐ a n-ochta ┐ i n-urbruindi, ZCP viii 538.18 . tancatar uli máthrecha . . . ┐ a ciche nochta, PH 393 . cíche ar mná gaoil gá ghuidhe (Mary), DDána 7.9 . Of male: fo ch.¤ curad, Sc.M² 15 . eter a dí ch.¤ (of the Cyclops), Mer. Uil. 61 . da ghreamaigh . . . / fá bhun a dhá chích an t-athach mór, Oss. vi 202.16 . Of pierced breast or heart of Christ: a luibh leighis créachta an chígh, A. Ó Dálaigh xiv 5 . fa ghoin an chígh a chead, IGT Decl. ex. 1271 . do chuir don chrondsa an chíogha / fondsa díona vm fhuil ébha this spear which wounded the heart(?), Carswell 246.5 .

Of breast (heart) as seat of emotions: cíoch maithmheach na maighdine, PBocht 17.24 . breitheamh an chígh chruaidh `sternhearted judge', A. Ó Dálaigh xviii 10 . a labhairt chle 'na chighsin `his breast is full of evil words' (of critic), Ó Bruad. ii 236.z .

Applied to persons in metonymy: a ch.¤ na nóiden (of Mary), Trip. clxvi 10 . cīocha na heaguilsi (of the Apostles), Mac Aingil 4878 .

(b) In phrases indicating attesting of loyalty, allegiance, good faith, etc. by sucking the breasts of recipient (cf. Hiberno-Latin sugere mammellas, O'Brien, Études Celt. iii 372 - 3 ). iss esside abac dide a chichesom fergusa ┐ gaba(i)s a gruaide i nnairide a anacuil `this was the dwarf who sucked his, F.'s, breasts . . . as a token of (asking) quarter', Ériu xvi 38 § 5 (cf. xi 95). Less explicitly: trí meinistri (`halidoms') fer Féne .i. c.¤, grúad, glún, Triads 63 . fir ciche ┐ gruaide, nime ┐ talman guarantee of breast and cheek, etc. , Rawl. 132a31 ( Cymmr. xiv 112.7 ). ratha cuibse ┐ ciche ┐ cride, LL 4941 . ata mor dona doinib / fo chichib macni n-Oeda bound in friendship (loyalty), Anecd. i 4.2 ( SCano 80 ). caradradh do cholna .i. cairdes cíche ┐ glúine, Ériu xiii 45.22 . Hence c.¤ in special sense of covenant : ná bris chíg, na briss cairdess, TBC-LL¹ 3508 . bāithfidear cīch ┐ cot(h)ach, ZCP viii 195 § 4 .

(c) Other phrases. With vbs.: si oc tabairt a ciche do (of Mary), Todd Lect. vi 49.7 . co tartur mo chiigh dō, Cáin Ad. 8 . Note also: riú-so is sínte súgh do chíogh (addressed to Ireland), Hackett² xxxvi 150 . a gait de cígh to wean her, Vita Br. 5 . bentair L. da chich, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 44.8 . mo ch.¤ rosibh fed at my breast, Todd Lect. vi 82.9 . do chíogh an uime do ibh? (: ríogh), Dán Dé xv 6 . a cíghe do dheol, Arch. Hib. i 85 § 2 . With prep.: ┐ Laigh mac Sriangabra ar cich leó being suckled, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 44.2 . noídin . . . Catar for c.¤ , Éigse vi 118.24 . maic a mbroind is maic ar chīch, ZCP v 25 § 10 . rí na cruinne ar a cíchibh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxv 3 . Note also: for oenghlún ┐ oench.¤ ro alta ┐ Eogan he and E. were fosterbrothers, SG 310.15 . rod n-alt . . . éseom ┐ tri meic ind ríg i n-óenchliab ┐ for áench.¤ , LU 1666 .

(d) Attrib. gen. a bhuime chígh an Choimdheadh `nurse' (of Mary), Dán Dé xv 8 . banaltra cíodh Rígh ghil na glóire, Párl. na mB. 2012 . cuisle an chíogha `mother's arm' (i.e. Mary), A. Ó Dálaigh xi 13 . fola in misa ciche the suckling month, O'Curry 1876 ( 23 P 3, 21 (23)a ). leanabh cígh suckling (of newly-born Christ), DDána 17.1 . For noídiu cíche see noídiu. Cf. naoídhe na ccíoch, Isaiah xi 8 . dia mbeid aoinbheóil aoinchiche (of close relationship), Ériu xiii 16.17 .

(e) In transfd. senses. Of recesses of woods or tops of mountains (somet. perh. as prep. phr. i cích(aib) in the bosom of, in the midst of, among ): i bhfoithribh nó i gcíogh choille (: díon), Ériu ix 163 § 7 . i ccigibh cnoc, BS 58.13 . learga buadha do chíogh gcorr (of hills of Ireland), Measgra D. 50.51 . Note also: do ling crobhuing chaoin bhalsaim / as cíoghuibh a cceas (? leg. creas, Ed.) a-mach (of branch from tree), O'Hara 3277 . tre chíghibh cíogh (? leg. craobh, Ed.) gcorr (of water falling through branches of trees), 2645 . Of the sea: ceol eachdra a gcíoghoibh cuain `on the breast of the sea', O'Hara 4154 . an fedh do chóidh o chígh cuáin inland, Rel. Celt. ii 226.4 .

Other applications: a cholggairthe na gcíoch ngeal (of castle), DDána 68.34 `thou castle of . . . fair bastions', Ir. Monthly 1920, 543 . clodib orduirn . . . go cichib oir `inlayings', RC xii 60.18 . Of herb: cīch .i. cich girg (sic MS.), luib asa taet ass, O'Mulc. 221 . Note also: cíoch-bhraighed (leg. cíoch bh.) uvula, Mackinnon Cat. 56.11 .

COMPDS. With nouns: sreabh chorcra an chíoghasa, Aithd. D. 65.38 . cíochoighir in chríochshlóigh `suckled heir', O'Gr. Cat. 399.18 . ar cíchshlios cuain dochuadhas im aonarán enclosed margin, Hackett² xlii 33 . With adjj.: cichban cearbnad, BB 23b6 = Cermnat chích-bán, Meyer Contribb. ( Eg. 1782, 55a ). cath cro cearnach cíchbhlaith, IT iii 89 § 116 . See also Cíchloiscthe, Cíchloiscech.

cobair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cobair or dil.ie/9802

 

Forms: cobir, cobuir, cobar, cobrith, cobraid, chobrad, cobraid, chobrait, cobra, cobartha, cabra, cobra, cobra, cobhraidh, cuibre, g[c]abartha, cobair, cabhair, cobair, cabair, cobra, cabra, cobhair, cabhair

n f. (*com-fo-reth, Thurn. ZCP xxii 26 ). Inflexion very variable. n s. cobir, Wb. 5c5 . 16a31 . cobuir, Ml. 44c9 . cobar, TBC-I¹ 2189 . a s. cobrith, Wb. 7c4 . cobraid (: don-formaig), Fél. Oct. 18 . Imr. Brain 46.23 v.l. g s. chobrad, Cymmr. xiv 132 § 25 . Corp. Gen. 26.24 . d s. cobraid, O'Mulc. 779 . chobrait, LB 262a63 . Later with g s. cobra, cobartha. cabra (: Abla), Metr. Dinds. iv 184.12 (see Thurn. loc. cit.). ? cobra, ZCP iii 466.19 . a s. cobra (: mogda), Metr. Dinds. iii 380.10 . ? n p. cobhraidh, AFM ii 588.17 . g s. cuibre, Ériu vi 115.2 . a p. g[c]abartha, Auraic. 2126 . Note also combair (cobair, cabhair, v.ll.), Fél. Prol. 243 . cobair, cabair, g s. cobra, cabra f., IGT Decl. § 10 . cobhair, cabhair, Verbs § 124 .

(a) help, assistance: lase dombeir dia cobrith n-occo `when God gives help therein', Wb. 7c4 . cotarat c.¤ trein trait, SR 3767 . ní cobuir ín tasc `the notice is of no avail', Laws i 60.x Comm. (cobraithir?). MoChonne coemh cabair, Gorm. 25 . teasda c.¤ múir Mhaicniadh ` guardian ', A. Ó Dálaigh lii 9 . is adbul a c.¤ , Fél. July 28 . is ar ch.¤ ocon Táin dorigni (of infidelity of Medb), LU 5410 (TBC). is mithig in chabair, TBC-LL² 2890 . giarb i in ch.¤ iar n-assu `help that came too late', 3353 (see 2 assa(e)). c.¤ fo-gēba `you shall be comforted', Ériu xvi 163 § 28 . ? mun is cobuir coiblis, Laws v 242.11 Comm. d'iarraidh cabhra air, Keat. ii 6058 .

With DO: ropo ch.¤ dond Érinn / tīchtu Patraicc, Thes. ii 312.5 (Hy. ii). a ndogena cách is hed bes chobuir dó, Wb. 20c10 . ro pad mór a ch.¤ dia chomaltu, TFerbe 630 . im chobair do fuidir, Laws i 124.12 . 138.27 Comm. cindas for cobarthasi damsa?, Anecd. i 11.8 ( SCano 336 ). robadh couradh damh, Ériu iv 236 § 9 .

With descr. gen.: cabhair fhaghla military help, Aithd. D. 26.22 . Clann Charthaigh . . . / gan chabhair anfaidh aco `help against the storm', A. Ó Dálaigh lii 16 . guth gan chabhair choigcríche (of Irish language), Keat. Poems 2 . Attrib. g s. a chelg nir chelg chobartha `helpful cunning', Metr. Dinds. iii 77.132 . a Chríst cobra `Oh helpful Christ', Ériu vi 114.17 . ba h-édāil c[h]abhartha do c[h]uradhuib, ML² 1577 . a sgiath cabhra na gcóigeadh, Ir. Syll. Poetry 40 § 8 . luibh chabhra, DDána 70.7 .

(b) As vn. act of helping, assisting . With subj. gen.: dús in táir c.¤ Ulad foo, LU 5620 (TBC). With obj. gen.: dom cobhair, Ériu xiii 38.6 . robatar ac cobraid Ailillæ, O'Mulc. 779 . c.¤ fir a culchi chíar, LU 3053 . connā cumaiṅg nech dīb cobair araile, Corp. Gen. 205.9 . tancatar do cabair in tighi, Lism. L. 1210 . mo cobair-si help for me, ZCP vii 306.17 . In other Vn. constructions: dotaísed . . . do chobair dún, Fraech 158 . gan nert cobharta forra féin, BNnÉ 5.9 . an marbh do chabhair, TSh. 4874 . ? cobhair .i. comhorgain, O'Cl.

cráeb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cráeb or dil.ie/12707
Last Revised: 2013

 

n ā, f.

(a) branch, bough; sprig; rod, wand; post : ni cech cnú fociṅg dia croíb, LL 19134 . etir moin céir ┐ craib, 34903 ( MU² 463 ). co tuca chroíb dam din chaírthend, Fraech 194 . aithsceinm craibi tar ais, Laws v 156.14 . colpach ína ngablaib, dairt ina craebaib, iv 146.23 (see gabul). craeb . . . olachraind, TTebe 2007 . crāeb ola, ACL iii 238 § 8 . as craobh ria na bláth écc ind ḟir hisin (prov. of untimely death), AFM ii 1114.13 . Cf. ni coilte cra[eb] r[ian]a bláth, Éigse ii 184 § 5 ( LL 374c28 ). léiccis cráobha . . . lécciss coilcthi (? branches strewn for bedding. Poss. w.r.t. bracken or heather branches or perhaps a wooden (or wickerwork) bed-frame , Ériu xxvi 95 ), ZCP viii 198 §§ 16 , 17 . fo chiamhair chraobh `among the gloom of branches', BS 24.13 . craeb sidha a laim gach aeinfir dibh olive-branch , ZCP vi 48.9 . atait 5 craoba ar in luibh so springs, ACL i 332.60 . an té do-ní craoibh don chnaoi (viz. God), DDána 42.30 . is amlaid documlai in mac ┐ craeb airgdide uaso . . . Craeb óir . . . uasna ollamnaib. Craeb umai úasna filedaib archena a golden wand, LL 24227 . Cf. bun(n)sach. craobh conaire signpost , LBranach 1004 . craobh eóluis ar oinigh Aodh, 361 . mithidh damhsa . . . / . . . do chuir ar chraoibh, a chompáin to put away, to put aside (to an old cloak), Hackett² 31.26 , 29 . c.¤ luirg see 1 lorg . rod on which ogam was written: cairechtaire Gaoidhelge . . . sgríobhtha 'na bhfleasga ar chraobhaibh, Celtica i 97.309 . Hence: an carachtaire ele . . . goirthear ogham-chraobh (leg. ogham craobh ?) dhe, 306 .

(b) tree, bush : in chróeb i Cind Febrat, Metr. Dinds. iii 230.68 (? ref. to in t-ibar (sic leg.) of 49, 53). unnius i (? Í) Tortain . . . / unnius Uisnig . . . / tuitset na craiba, LL 27698 . teg mór ffer, ┐ ech, docum craoibhe Fert Luighdheach, Ériu xiii 44.10 . ealta minén ar fud craíbhe éigin, CF² 883 . táinic . . . amach as lár craóibhe = out of the midst of a bush, Exodus iii 2 . In phr. fo chráeib out of doors, in the open(?): encorach dicitur duine fossad fo craeph, O'Mulc. 398 (`or fochraib ?' ed.). codlaim fa chraoibh 'san ess, BS 136.16 . Of particular trees: C. Da Thi / . . . crand na sluag, LL 27692 . unnius im̄ Craeb Belaig Da Thi, 27683 . Craeb Uisnig, 27647 . For mod. le (ar na) craobhachaibh ` mad, crazy ', see Ó Cuív, Éigse viii 104 - 5 .

(c) In a wide variety of transfd. meanings.

Of persons: in chróib co mbláthib (of Brigit), Thes. ii 325.20 (Hy. iv). Áed . . . c.¤ chomlán do thennad túath, LL 17038 . in chrōib chāin chumra (a warrior), Bruchst. 122 . a chraobh bhíthe bhanda, DDána 80.28 (to a lady). craobh na rosg ruadh (of Conn), ML 122.11 .

Of locks of hair: a bháirr . . . na gcraob gcam, O'Gr. Cat. 456.7 . le hearla na gcraobh gcumhraidhe, DDána 109.8 . cíoradh na gcraobh, Magauran 976 .

Of weapons: crōib glec lāich ina lāmaib (description of Cú Chulainn in his chariot), TBC-I¹ 2571 . in C.¤ Glasach .i. claidem . . . F., Acall. 2192 .

Of a branched wand or staff from which bells were suspended: craebh sidhamhail . . . co tri hublaibh dergoir fuirre, Manners and Customs iii 317 n. 313 f. Cf. i. dxxxvii. eistecht risin ceol dogníd in cræbh, IT iii 193.22 . ro croith in craib Sencha ┐ contoíset Ulaid uli fris, LU 8421 ( FB 29 , H). c.¤ chréduma ra haird a gúaland (of Sencha), LL 35114 ( MU² 749 ). craeb ṡída ┐ forṡidaigthi Fian Érenn, Acall. p. 329.22 . Note further: ar mbreith bhúaidhe cheóil chraoibhe music of the harp(?), IGT Decl. ex. 1165 . ná déin dearmod don chraoibh chiuil, Bard. P. 46.8 . ó ṡeinm na gcraobh gciúil, TD 14.7 . glór bhar síodhchraobh seanma, DDána 68.21 .

Of branching decorative work, arabesque : cráeba cailce for a cliu (of a shield), Eg. 88, 19a cited Contribb. 503 . feilm óir na gcraobh gcorcra, DDána 75.40 . tre chraobhoibh do chuach n-órtha, O'Hara 4363 . craísech chráebh n-úaine, IGT Decl. ex. 1205 .

Of waves: ar chorp mar chraobha tonn, Magauran 1004 .

In sense of pedigree, genealogy, descent, branch of a family tree; scion : do fremaib ┐ do bunud ┐ do craébaib, BB 411a33 . ar bhfréamh chraobhei-ne ime, DDána 70.17 . cráobh do chin óna Collaibh, IGT Decl. ex. 1330 . Freq. c.¤ choibnesa, c.¤ geinelaig: cade a craeb choibniusa? pedigree , Metr. Dinds. iv 346.7 . a c.¤ choibniusa (sic leg.) fri Grécaib common descent (of the Trojans), LL 30859 ( TTr. 41 ). triúr anuas . . . / d'Anna sa chraoibh choibhneasa, Dán Dé xi 12 . craobha geinealaigh Gaoidheal, DDána 72.21 . See coibnius.

Note also: hi trūaill . . . findarcait ūas chrōebaib(?) a chnis, TBC-I¹ 2342 . deisme neómain im chét c.¤ (dees imomain im chet croeb, YBL), TBC-LL¹ 4958 ( LL 11620 ). ? cionnus lat tré chraoibh na cána / mac an tsaoir do rádha ris (of Christ), DDána 26.6 . cuanna arna threaghdadh a thaobh / ag cealgadh craobh uadha d'fhíon, Dán Dé xxvi 21 . gach craobh chorr, O'Hara 2444 (`each rounded limb'). craobh uaine ad shuil mar shamfhrais, Celtic Scotland iii 424 , xlii (`beam'). craobh barr-dheigh-ṡleagh a barr sin `whose glory is pre-eminence in sharp good lances', Content. xxix 17 . ? cach sathe díib rogab crúib, ZCP viii 308.20 .

Freq. in nn. loc.., see Hog. Onom .

Compds. General sense branching, spreading , but freq. merely for alliterative or other metrical purposes. With nouns and vns. 'san gcraobh-bhanna phéacach, Keat. Poems 304 (`flowing riband, branching band', Gloss.). fás a craobhchall, DDána 64.21 . craebcoroin . . . do nat[h]rac[h]aiph neimde, CCath. 4119 . craebdearca Conaill, MR 116.21 . atbath craobhdhos bhile mhóir, Aonghus, Keat. iii 707 (quotation). i torchair cain craebdus / Oengus ┐ Eithne (cheville), LL 23505 (c.¤ + dos ?). ós chionn do cheathra gcraobh-fhabhra branching lashes and eyebrows , DDána 114.14 . in chliat[h]sa ni craebhḟál `fence of branches', Gorm. 9 . tré chroeb[ḟ]odail, ZCP viii 307.1 (rhet.). craebhfhoghla . . . caibniusa tuath `genealogical ramifications', MR 98.14 . techtughudh . . . cu cruibh ime temporary fence(?), O'D. 2272 ( Rawl. B 506, 23cd ). arm áigh craoibhlíne ` engraved ', O'Hara 683 . tre Mhagh gC. na gcraoibhleas, DDána 74.50 . atād trī caoga craobh-ogham aguinn ogham written on staves, Celtica i 97.306 . Conall . . . uaind ro geinedh in craebh-shlat, MR 310.20 . laoch … craobhshūileach bushy-eyed Celtica xiii 42.103 . craebhthonna spreading waves(?), CF 926 .

With adjj. a Caiseal craebchorr, BB 60b40 . tré ghéarlasair chraobh-dheirg, Keat. Poems 351 . clanna . . . craeb-gasta, MR 118.18 . mar bhláth éadtrom chraobhghlas, Keat. Poems 288 . dreach craobhghoirthe `bright-curved', O'Hara 1907 . go Cliaigh gcr[a]oibhiodhain, DDána 109.3 . a ghruaidh chraobhnár mar chrithre, Aithd. D. 34.6 (`o'erspread with fiery blush'). in t-abhra réidh craobhnocht, O'Hara 4457 (`curving'). um chlár gcraobhsholus gCobhthaigh, Aithd. D. 16.25 . fuairshreabha an chalaidh chraobhshona, 4.8 (`tree-rich'). cuingeda . . . craeb-uaisli `free-born', MR 246.3 .

With adjj. derived from nouns: craibdig .i. . . . craeb-bethadaig (etymol. gl.), Fél.² xxxi 16 . go Cruachain gcraobhchollaigh, Aithd. D. 4.13 . clar-sceimelta . . . craeb-dathacha cath-sciath, MR 224.5 . in Craebhghlasach, claidem F., Acall. 2244 . dh'éis luit do chuilg cráoibhlitrigh, O'R. Poems 109 . na cromsróna . . . craebhshilteacha, CF² 288 . D. . . . / na sul ngormall craebhsuirgeach, IGT Met. Faults § 149 . gu Céis cráebthorthuigh Coruinn, Anecd. i 31 § 49 .

See cruibe.

2 díles

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 díles or dil.ie/16404

 

(subst.use of 1 díles)

(a) private property, possession: ni bíd nach diles ic neoch díb nemo ibi sibi quicquam proprium habebat, Lat. Lives 92 (= RC ii 392 ). mórán do daeinib . . . do rec a ferann ┐ a selba ┐ a n-oigrechta ┐ do-beridis a luach dona hapsalaibh da tabairt don coitcenn ┐ ni lamdais fein diles neich do beth aca acht an coitcenn oir is as do-geibdis a riachtanus a les uile, 3 B 22, 26av . ní bíodh d.¤ etir acca acht inneoch dogheibhedh dobeiredh do bochtaib . . . , SG 19 ; similarly RC xii 340 : tri cét manuch gun nach (sic leg.) diles ag nech dib; Anecd. v 5 (= Alex. 935 ): ni gaibem forba nach diles isin bith. Temair Breg . . . d.¤ Néill, Ériu iv 92 . diles gac enduine a eidhrecht, RIA MSS. Ser. i 51 . ro gaib a righi do dhiles co brath do féin ┐ dá chloind, Todd Nenn. 192 . comad le fein do dilius an ferann do idbair dhó, Lism. L. 980 .

(b) possession: do bhronn bith-d.¤ na Midhe do Hugo is da ṡliocht 'n-a dhiaidh, Keat. iii 5399 .

(c) property, characteristic function: ase as dilius don luibh so (Germander) oibriughadh a n-aghaidh easlainte na seilge, 23 K 42, 383.13 . Of symptoms preceding crisis: madh follus comurtha in dileghtha rompa so, ┐ a ngluasacht do ueith la diles in ḟaoithighthi, criochnuighter in faoithiugad cum maithesa, 3 C 19, 271vb25 .

Contrasted with ruidles on one hand and coitchenn on the other (gramm.): caiti ruidhles ┐ diles ┐ coitchend indles isna deachaibh? Ruidhles doib a n-anmand fein do rad friu amal ata dialt. Diles doib dialt do radh fri cach n-ai dibh air is dialt duformaidh gach n-ae dib for araili. Coitchend doib deich do radh fri cach dib. Indleas do dhialt immorro deach duna seacht ndeachaib ele do radh fris, air ní fil alt and, Auraic. 773 . See also 833 , 841 , 848 .

1 domun

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 domun or dil.ie/18161

 

Forms: doman, domon, dommon, domnaib, domain

n o, m. Also doman, domon; dommon, Corm. Y 416 . is domain tair, ZCP viii 114.1 .

I The world, the earth: in domon gl. mundus, Ml. 145c4 . rann di rannaib in domain gl. mundi, 125b7 . a huili chenela domuin, 67b17 . fon domun, 53b9 , 65c9 . isin domun, Wb. 2a21 . i ndíthrub in domuin asreracht Críst, Tur. 19 . flaith in domain co immel, Thes. ii 333.13 . linfaid inn-huili ndomon, SR 8032 . toirthi in domuin, 2623 . cen siriud in domain duind, LU 3546 ( SCC § 29 ). aird do airdib in domain, FB § 80 . mi in ro-cet-cruthaiged in domun, PH 3518 . co ngébad [Ísu] ard-rigi in uli domain, 3922 . prima etas mundi . . . in ced áis don doman, MacCarthy 278 .

Freq. used without article: oc tuis[t]in domuin, Ml. 19d1 . rí . . . dorósat domun dualach, SR 3 . sluaig fer ṅdomuin, 3488 . fir domain i n-óen-bale, FA 13 . de mnáib domain ule, FB § 19 . do maccaib domain, Fél. June 16 . béstín . . . is áille bói do béstib domain, PH 7201 . a hoirthur domain, 917 . tháinig clann Míleadh tar muir | an treas aois d'aosaibh domhain, Content. xv 71 . Manannán úas domun (leg. domuin?) dind, LU 3961 ( SCC § 45 ). In sense of mankind: ícc in domuin, Wb. 5c14 . atbath in doman i mbás pecctha, PH 2973 .

In religious lit. the world, i.e. the earthly life, etc. (oppd. to eternity): scarad fri indeb in domuin, Wb. 30a18 . ar accubur ┐ saint immin domun (sic leg.) gl. pro appetitu caducorum, Ml. 69a6 . bethad cé .i. in domuin chentar, Hy. v 22 Comm. ( Thes. ii 332.26 ). ní cair in domuin cathim she loved not enjoyment of the world, 8 . fristoing don d.¤ renounces the world, ZCP iii 453.24 . fear roscara[d] frisin d.¤ (.i. teit i n-ailithre), Laws v 234.23 . ropo crochda in domun dó ┐ rocrochar-som don d.¤ , PH 1673 . cath fri demun ┐ doman, 1920 . iar mbreith buadha ó dhomhan ┐ ó dheamhan, O'Don. Suppl.

In physical sense earth (cf. talam): tucad [Ádamh] iter chois is cheand | isin domun chaem choitchend, Lec. 533a10 . do neoch focheard doman de all that the earth puts forth, Ir. Review 1912, 248 § 3 . In loose sense, of inhabited earth: cérbo rí in domuin Nabcodon, Fél. Prol. 93 . r[o]gabsat a thoisig in domun dia eis (i.e. after Alexander), Lec. 34a4 . Esp. of Roman Empire: do Chonstantín . . . do ardríg in domain, FA 32 . bui rig croda . . . forsin domun (of Decius), PH 961 . Oenric rí in domuin (of medieval Roman Empire), RC xvii 363.18 (Tig.). In pl. (in poetic hyperbole): gabais for dōine (doenib, dhainibh, MSS.) domnaib he seized sway over worlds of men (?), Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 10 § 5 . crothais domnu he made worlds tremble, i 40 § 15 . in d.¤ mór the great world (i.e. the world outside one's own country, oft. Europe as oppd. to Ireland): comaimsirad righ hErend fri rigaib in domain moir, Lec. 34a1 . coriandrium .i. luibh fhāsas annsa domhan mor . . . ┐ dogeibter i nEirinn, 23 K 42, 410.10 . toradh croinn fasus annsa doman mor, RC ix 232.6 . Cf. Acts xix 27 : a nAisia ┐ an domhan mór uile. Similarly in d.¤ tair the eastern world (i.e. the Continent): for muir isin domun tair, Cóir Anm. 115 . dā ndeachaid . . . sa domhan soir, ZCP viii 109.1 . in d.¤ becc the microcosm, i.e. man: in duine dianad sloind ic na felsamaib domun becc, PH 4606 . comaentaighi an doman is lugha risin doman is mo correspondence between the microcosm and macrocosm, 23 P 10, 17b17 .

In phrase isin d.¤ , for (ar) d.¤ in the world , i.e. anywhere, at all (follg. a noun), any, whatsoever ; freq. in neg. sentence and after superl.: mani dirge-siu . . . nocon fil isin d.¤ nodn-dírgi, FB § 27 . nicon fail i n-a sealba isin doman ní nā tibre dam, Corm. Y 698 . fer as dísle san domhun, KMMisc. 246.16 . ni fuil cruthugad isin doman a Stodiacc there is no figure at all in the Zodiac, Ir. Astr. Tr. 122.16 . nách sochma do neoch for doman d'fhaisneis, PH 4315 . cen biadh ar doman do tomailt, SG 19.37 . ní gatar a forgall ar domun degmna `no woman is deprived of her testimony' (= ní gatar forgall degmna ar d.¤ ?), Cáin Ad. 4 . nach dleaghar a gcas ar domhan fín ┐ bainne d'ól . . . in any case whatsoever, 3 C 19, 127.18 . Later used merely to emphasize statement: cainneal ba lōr métt sa doman an exceedingly big candle, Fl. Earls 50.16 . co n-a n-uile riachtanus a less ōrdanāiss mhōir ┐ munisioin ar doman with all they require of great ordinance and ammunition, 40.10 . Similarly in gen.: sēpēl ro-onōrach ar dheissi in domain , 72.10 . ba lōr do chūiss ūathbhāiss in domain enough to cause the greatest terror, 188.12 .

II In limited sense, country, native district, (of a ruler) realm: gur thúiri mé an tolamh thoir | mur budh é an ndoman duthaigh, IGT Decl. ex. 719 . o ranic in rig bo des | ina doman derb dileas, Lec. 608a27 . ní bhí gart dall ina dhomhan `there is no untilled field in his realm', KMMisc. 174 § 36 . a domun do dichennad . . . .i. a chūiged gan chennach, MR 218.1 . Hence property, power, influence (in indeterminate sense): ar chuncid indmais no domain uasail, PH 8369 . cona bugh lugu dogebthai do rigi ┐ du d.¤ o mnaib inas o feraib, Lec. 31a35 . gan lógh do ghabháil ar domhan n-ecclastucdha `for church property', AFM ii 1102.2 .

Compd. ¤scríbnid: inna ṅdomunscribnide gl. cosmographiorum, BCr. 37b1 .

elestront

Cite this: eDIL s.v. elestront or dil.ie/19950

 

Forms: elestront

n m. olusatrum (< holus atrum), alexanders, Macedonian parsley: alexandrum macedonicum petrosemanna an elistroint, 23 K 42, 343.10 . adearar persille alastront risin luibh so ib. elestront, RC ix 230.13 . See Rosa Angl.

5 es

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 5 es or dil.ie/20364

 

Forms: eás, eas

n ā, f. IGT, Decl. § 39 . a stoat, weasel: eás (gl. mustella) Ir. Gl. 259 . eas `a weasal' P. O'C. fuil esi `weasel's blood' O'Gr. Cat. 182.27 . buailis E. an eis | go ros mharbh... | eas oile...do chuir | luibh 'na beol go ros bheathaigh, Ir. Monthly 1920, 424 . Hence: luibh na heisi the stoat's herb IGT, Decl. ex. 1090 .

feódaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. feódaid or dil.ie/21633

 

Forms: feóch—, feóg—

v (feóch—, feóg—) ā intrans. withers, wastes: go bhfeodhann [an duine] ... amhail do-ní bláth an mhachaire, TSh. 3804 . d'ḟeoigh an bile, Oss. iv 172.17 . cuiridh a srón fán lile, nó fán luibh ... go mbeanann as a bpréamhaibh iad, go bhfeódhaid dá éis sin, TSh. 9448 . Fig. caoi ... nach feoidhfidh go fóill a lament that will not die away Ó Bruad. ii 188 .

fidius

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fidius or dil.ie/22020
Last Revised: 2013

 

n (Lat. assidios) name of a herb : sa tir cedna ata luibh danadh ainm fidius, Celtica ii 122.38 .

foirid, fóirid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. foirid, fóirid or dil.ie/22973

 

v (apparently a contamination of the prototonic stem of fo-reith with that of *do-foirid, see O'Brien, Ériu xi 159 ).

(a) helps, succours, heals: with acc. of pers. (or thing), often folld. by AR, O or AS of danger, etc. intí ra ḟóir é TBC-LL¹ 2969 . sóer ┐ foir me !, RC vii 360 (= Maund. 57 ). fóireadh mé máthair an Dúilimh !, Dán Dé x 2 . crodh críche tar ceann a anma ... ní fhóirfe neach, xxxi 18 . iss mor do ghalur ┐ dia fessmais indni not fóirfed ..., IT i 122.21 . an fear ḟóirfeas Éirinn, TD 1.40 . do ḟóireamar ... ṡibh, Content. xviii 165 . mina fhoirther co luath, airgfider ... in cathair, Aen. 3114 . ar imad óc ... nís-fórfed nech, Metr. Dinds. ii 40 (v.l. foirred, foirgfeth, foirccedh). tobur ... tren d'foir iad ar ítoigh, BB 21a13 . ar phéin do ḟóiris na huile, IGT III ex. 7 . minic do fhóir sinn ó bhaoghal | an lamhsin, Duan. F. ii 390 . do fhóir sinn ó ghāphadh, 396 . gur fóireadh leo ó bhruid na Muimhneach Cúigeadh Laighean, Keat. ii 4808 . do fóiredh an tegh ona losccudh BNnÉ 120 § 50 . fóiridh [an ola] íatt on[a] gallruib, Maund. 112 . gach ben ... caithes ní di, foiridh a cedoir hí, BCC § 51 . go ffoirfeadh sinne as gach amhgar, Duan. F. ii 398 . cuiridh i bpríosún ... iad, ┐ fóiridh as arís iad, TSh. 4470 . Intrans. with DO (AR< FOR) of pers. : ro thocbus in sciath suas ... ┐ nír ḟoir sin ní damsa did not avail me one whit Acall. 6799 . rofoirset na dei dó, CCath. 2368 (ro foirseat ... é v.l.). a thigerna ... foir orum !, ZCP vi 286.22 . tú ḟóirfeas ar ḟiadh mBanbha | ó mhóircheas, TD 21.18 . go bhfóirfeadh Dia ar gach nduine, Dán Dé xxi 5 . Absol. : feodaigid in tene in crand ... nucun foirend óícin and the ocean is of no avail LL 150a22 . Impers. (?) constr. : is amlaid so ... rofoired a hecin na heclaise, PH 371 (leg. a hécen ?).

(b) relieves, remedies, averts (a disease, danger, etc.) : focra fores cach n-écell, O'Dav. 1000 . dā delidin ... foirit ecommuaim, Auraic. 2170 . fóirid a búadha ... fúacht iss íta, Anecd. i 35 . do fhóir soin ar snaidhm `relieved our strait' PBocht 5 § 2 . fóir gach ní as cás ar do chloinn, Dán Dé ix 22 . as dual go foirfe si gach uili esláinte, BCC § 51 . foiridh a domblas aei gach neim is an antidote to all poisons Marco P. 107 . foirid in tsiroip sin gach uile nescoid, Rosa Angl. 222.3 . na toicthigh ... nach fóireann riachtanas na mbocht, TSh. 7155 . Absol. : ni fhóir luibh na liaigh, Dánta Gr. 90. 16 . cuiri é ... mar cerin ríu, ┐ foiridh, Rosa Angl. 206.11 .

See fóirithin.

gum

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gum or dil.ie/26823

 

n gum : Sarcacolla .i. gum folmaiges linn finn, ACL i 325.10 . Assa Faetida .i. gum crainn, 23 K 42, 361.9 . guimi .i. gum ┐ intan aderar gum a focul coitcenn is do gum araibi is coir a tuicsin, RC ix 235.3 - 4 . gur sharaigh na huili luibh ┐ spisradh ┐ gum ar dethboludh, ZCP vi 99.30 . is iat so na guma is maith ann, Irish Texts v 54.13 .

ícc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ícc or dil.ie/27149
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: hícc, íc, t-íc, t-íc, íc, n-ícce-si, íce, ícca, ícci, hícc, íc

n ā, f. vn. of 1 íccaid. n s. ind hícc , Wb. 14b18 . íc, Ml. 72d1 . (cf. in t-íc , MR 130.6 . an t-íc , CF 922 ). a s. íc, Ml. 35c20 . g s. far n-ícce-si , Wb. 7c12 . inna íce , Ml. 50c11 . ícca, Laws i 98.1 Comm. na ícci , Lat. Lives 53.11 . d s. do hícc , Wb. 4a10 . dia íc , Ml. 48d28 .

I

(a) act of paying (for) ; payment, compensation, requital, atonement : followed by RE or DO of the person to whom the payment is made, the cause of the compensation being expressed by the genitive dependent on the vn., or by the dat. governed by the prep. I : do hícc inna fíach, Wb. 4a10 . uidhe ice in fira the periods for making good a pledge, O'Curry 333 (< H 3.18, p. 183 ). conad edh do niat a .vii. cumala do hic re flaith, ┐ a secht mbliadhna peinne do híc re eclais, O'Curry 2541 (< Eg. 88, fo. 45b ). dligit íc is eneclann, ACL iii 223.23 . fiach eloidthe d'ic riu, Laws i 88.6 Comm. i n-hicc int sáraigthe sin `in compensation for,' Fél.² lxxxvii 26 . is olc an t-íc dhamh thu annsna righaibh ... do thuit leat `thou art a bad compensation to me for ...,' CF 922. íc sa ḟinghail, ZCP iii 433.33 . na cairig i n-ic na glaisne, YBL 181a43 . Dia dha íoc ren anmuin, ALC ii 352.z . ba momor in t-íc aen uige, MR 130.6 . i n-íoc an pheacaidh, TSh. 1539. i n-íoc a saothair, PBocht 4 § 16. inti ica nach bid acmaing a ica, Cog. 50.12 . ic íc císa risan sobhdán, Maund. § 97. mar īoc a sligedh `to pay their way,' Fl. Earls 26.20 . a chrú is íoc im anḟolaidh, Aithd. D. 65 § 22. i n-íoc a ríoghtha `as compensation for not being crowned,' 28 § 16. íoc an chroinn `the atonement made on the Cross,' 98 § 5. bíd aige i n-íoc a dhaidhbhris in requital for his poverty, DDána 22 § 7. i moghsaine ┐ i mbochtacht, ag íoc uabhair ┐ aindlighidh ... a sinnsear, TSh. 5360. do-chítear iarlaoi fá íoc dhuit `tributary to thee,' Keat. Poems 915.

(b) act of enduring, suffering (pain or hardship with a view to making atonement) : gach gné oile phéine dhleaghair dhíobh d'íoc innte, TSh. 4004. na piana aimsiordha atá d'fhiachaibh oruinn d'íoc ansa tsaoghal-so, Donlevy 308.7 . breth aithrighi ... do cuirfedh an sagart ... ort ┐ a híc `if thou perform it,' BCC 222.37 .

(c) revenge, redress : aithi .i. íc, O'Curry 2069 (< H 4.22, p. 67b ). ceann ríogh i n-íoc a athar, Content. v 167. is rún liom íoc air `ich lechze nach Rache,' Midnight court 998 ( ZCP v 230 ).

(d) salvation, redemption ; act of redeeming ; is fochunn ícce dúibsi foditiu na ningremmen, Wb. 23c6 . is and sin bieid íc du israhel, Ml. 72d1 . co crochfaidea he ar hí.¤ in cinedu doenna, PH 2366. nícon deine tú fén do í.¤ , 3337 .

II

(a) cure ; act of curing, healing : dia íc din galar hi robae, Ml. 48d28 . inna somailse inna íce `of the sweetness of the healing,' 50c11 . ícc ecesia ( ἄχεσις ) graece salus latine, Corm. Y 767. ic .i. leigius, Lec. Gl. 182 (M). th'í.¤ don chlaime, Lat. Lives 72.7 . sóera ainme, essóera ícce `ready to injure, never ready to heal,' Tec. Corm. § 16.30 . focheird ... lubi ícci ... i cnedaib ... Ch., TBC-LL¹ 2478. tancatar fiallach ícci ┐ legis da n-í.¤ ┐ da leiges, 3587 . ar luibh íce, ar n-órtha chodail, TD 25 § 7.

(b) solution (of a problem): is si íc inna cestae sin 'this is the solution to that question', Études Celt. xl 62 ( Ml. 37c16 ). nī frīth ... ī.¤ na cesta sin, ACL iii 3.21 . ona berar ainceas gan ic 'from whom one does not go away with a problem without it being solved', UR 102 § 3 gl. 11 . satisfying, satisfaction : híce do menmansu `in satisfying thy mind,' Ml. 2d13 .

Compds. ¤luib a healing herb, a remedy : íoc-luibh iomorra an mhiorr, TSh. 7684. íoc-luibhe borba do-bheir Dia dhóibh do shlánughadh a n-anmann, 8195 . galar gan íoc-luibh , Keat. Poems 1501. ¤ṡláinte a remedy, salve: do lossaib leighis ┐ ícṡlainti da chor í cnedaib, Acall. 5227. Of musk : suail nach icṡlainti eisiumh `it is almost a panacea (?),' Marco P. § 43. doghní an úir sin ic-ṡlainti da gach aen nos-toimliunn, § 173. íocshláinte fhóireas gach nimh, DDána 7 § 31. ¤ṡláintech remedial, healing: an Fhaoisidin oiríseal, iocshláinteach-so, Donlevy pref. xiii 24 . fios na n-earradh n-íoc-shláinteach, TSh. 2308.

laigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. laigid or dil.ie/29387
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: laigid, llaig, laiges, nolaiged, -lloigid, -legat, i-llius, -dellset, -deilset, lessed, dellig, n[d]eillig, deilligh, deillich, ndellechuir, dellgetar, -lee, -leasad, lige

v also loig-, luig-, lig-. See Wagner, ZCP xxv 163 ff . Later as weak vb., generally luig-. Indic. pres. 3 s. laigid, LU 2940. AU i 144.3 . i llaig , LL 1565. rel. laiges, LL 16335. Impf. Indic. 3 s. nolaiged, RC xx 168.2 (ACC). Metr. Dinds. iv 184.5 . 3 pl. -lloigid, YBL 169a14 . -legat, Fianaig. 30.30 . Subj. pres. 1 s. i-llius, Thes. ii 357.17 (see Watkins, Celt. Verb 26 , 56 , GOI 391 ). perfective 3 pl. -dellset, O'Dav. 694. -deilset, Laws iv 78.9 (80.9) . Impf. subj. 3 s. noco lessed , Metr. Dinds. iv 66.3 . Perf. 3 s. dellig, LL 204a28 . co n[d]eillig , BB 368a30 . deilligh, 396a15 . deillich, YBL 140a13 . i ndellechuir , Trip.² 2847. 3 pl. dellgetar, LL 6189. Fut. 3 s. -lee, Imr. Brain 25 § 51 (con-laig). 3 pl. -leasad, TBC-I¹ 3449 (for lesat, GOI p. 410 ). Vn. lige. IGT Verbs § 74.

I lies (somet. with cogn. accus. lige, crólige).

Absolutely (a) gets into lying position, lies down : dellig . . . / in gerrán buadach Patraic, LL 204a28 . co deiligh a dela iarna thaemad `his drinking cup fell down', Dinds. 93 ( RC xvi 44 ). for Maig Ailbe dellgetar `fell on Ailbe's plain' (Strachan Phil. Soc. Trans. 1895, p. 62 ), LL 6189 . noco lessed lige líuin / i n-óen na n-íath-mag n-aníuil till he should lie down forwearied in a meadow-land unvisited, Metr. Dinds. iv 66.107 (lige líuin cogn. accus. or cheville). dellid (dellig, MS) ind [ḟ]idbad forlar, SR 1389 . roloigset croind ┐ fidbuid Parthuis co lar thalman ar oirmitin in duileman bowed, LB 111b9 = MacCarthy 56.26 . rolaigestair for croicnib na caerach sin, Aen. 1512 . cach laech nolaiged fon lind / atraiged suas (`every warrior he laid'). Metr. Dinds. iv 184.5 . gur luidestar . , . re himarcaid na hesláinte `took to his bed', Caithr. Thoirdh. 58.14 . cur loigsetar atai na bolga subsided, Laws iv 16.10 Comm . teas ar áth ar oighibh ónna / loighidh ó thráth nóna anund dies down, IGT Decl. ex. 891 . ro luig fo chossaib prostrated himself, TFrag. 102.9 . a sgarthain an uair do b'ál / . . . ar a leanb do luigh an ógh `cast herself' (on dead body of Christ), PBocht 13.17 . a shamhuil ní léir gur luigh died, L. Cl. A. B. 276.123 . do luigh cóir ar leinbne `the debt due to our dear Child set', Aithd. D. 95.22 . glé no laiged isin ganim / inna ligu iar mórsaeth lie flat, RC xx 168.2 .

Of night, darkness falls: o laiges ind ḟíradaig, LL 16335. go ro laig inn adaig bar feraib hErend, TBC-LL¹ 6164 . ro laighset landorcha na haidhchi forro, CCath. 2688. Of sun sets: loighidh grían is sí ar slighidh, L. Cl. A. B. 75.136 . éirghidh an ghrian . . . ┐ luighidh sí, Corp. Astron. 20.18 . Cf. laigis Medb a heinech fa damdabaich sciath, TBC-LL¹ 2742 , where laigis is to be referred to fo-luigi.

(b) is in lying position, lies, sleeps : senteg coisrectha don choimdi alloigid daine galair, YBL 169a14 . no laigdis da ingin . . . immi cach n-aidchi comad móide in cath dó fri Demon, Fél. 40.16 . laigid C. an aidchi sin for lepaid Mobí, BColm. 82.4 . do loighsit an oidhche sin co subhach, Ériu iii 170.11 . na coimsig loighios ó ló `that loll on after daybreak', O'Gr. Cat. 479.15 . ni luighim ar leabaidh, Keat. Poems 1432. laighid croligi lies sick, AU i 144.3 (croligi cogn. accus.). flaith laiges tren-lige for seilb a ceile `who lays a heavy burden on his tenant's possession', Laws v 358.6 . In transferred sense: daoine luigheas . . . ar an loise laomdha `settle down' (Gloss.), TSh. 6970. Cf. cia dú i llaig funiud grene, LL 1565. nilóeg ilige lobordaimm laiges, IT iii 59 § 114 ( dam laides, B 97 § 157 ).

II With follg. prep. or prep. phrase. l.¤ fo yields to: an t-éasga lán nar loigh fa ainbhfine, DDána 109.8 . loigh co h-umhal fona smacht, ITS xxix 111.29 . Cf. luidh fa tharm (leg.? th'arm) ┐ admhaigh go bhfuilir claoidhte lay down your arms, Luc. Fid. 4312.

l.¤ for. In lit. sense: d'eilligh a chotluth fair, he fell asleep IT i 126.6 . deillich fuírri lay with her, YBL 140a13 . Usually in fig. senses. Affects, blemishes : ro laig senordacht for Athirne, LL 13616 . ar nár laig lagadh `on whom no depression had come', MR 298.1 . nā luigedh úamhan nā imeccla oruibh, ZCP xiv 250.12 . ar Lúcās do luigh cumha (i.e. at Mary's death), Dán Dé xv 25 . dá lóchrann ar nach luigh smál (i.e. the sun and moon), xxvii 10 . do luigh ortha . . . / orchra re h-ucht a éaga, PBocht 11.19 . luidis tamh air 'com fhaicsin, Irish Texts i 59 § 41 . do luig na lic ar mo lár, O'Gr. Cat. 361.17 . go luigheann néall náimhdidhe na locht ar rosgaibh a réasúin, TSh. 9254 . lucht ar nach luidh m'ealadha, L. Cl. A. B. 163.50 . go luighfeadh daoirse na breithe . . . uirre féin, TSh. 3249 . Muircheartach ar nár luigh tár, L. Cl. A. B. 116.36 . giolla ar nár luidh iomarbhé `on whom no blame was ever laid', Duan. F. ii 352.61 . Oppresses, presses hard on: leoman mor laiges for préid na for mart, Alex. 1069 ( BB 500a10 ). delligh anfforlann an eccarat for a mbaoi isin Espain do Gaoidelibh, Leb. Gab.(i) 234.2 . do loigedur sersenaig imdo air, Ann. Conn. 1230.6 . do luid (leg. luig) orra Cairbre, Fen. 398.16 . níor luigh ar leith a mháthar he encroached not on his mother's share, DDána 96.29 . do luigh a' nāmhaid oruinn, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 21.10 . do luidh an oiread sin de ghorta air, Eochairsg. 82.23 . In proverb: luighidh iolar ar uathadh the many overcome the few, AFM vi 1940.x = loigenn ilar ar uathaid, Caithr. CC 74 = luigidh iolar for uathadh, Hugh Roe² 64.23 .

In different construction: ní loigh m'intinn ar ábhocht dwells not on, Aithd. D. 6.7 . ra ghréas laoidhe ar ar luigh san to which he devoted himself, Content. xxii 13 . na tolcha ar ar hoileadh inn / go loigheadh orra mh'intinn, DDána 88.30 .

Legal: laidig ail for naesaibh, l.¤ imna for giallna, . . . laigidh feith for fintiud takes precedence (the prior claim `lies upon' the later claim, so that the latter cannot come forward till the former is discharged, Plummer MS. notes), O'Curry 1868 ( 23 P 3, 20c ). l.¤ ail for naesaib quoted Laws iii 220.21 , 25 , 226.21 (all Comm.). loigid finntiu for imna, O'D. 2283 ( Rawl. B. 506, 26a ). ni laig aimsir for rainn sochraite na dochraite, O'D. 580 ( H 3.17 col. 444 ).

Note also: an tan do luigheadar ort, do bhris tú `leaned upon thee', Ezekiel xxix 7.

l.¤ i fiadnaisiu prostrates oneself before : ra-s-loigset uile i n-a fhiadnaise, PH 191 . luidhigh (loigis v.l.) an mac eccailsi ic prostrait i fiadnaisi Mocuda, BNnÉ 310.9 . rolaigset 'na fhiadnaise, RC xiv 34.21 . ro-loigset uile i fiadnaise hin fireoin, PH 244.

l.¤ imm. Of garment: ciasu fili immali[g] tugen cona llí is worn by, RC xxvi 14.10 . l.¤ le lies with, espouses luigh liomsa, Gen. xxxix 12. luighis Cormac ré hEithne gur toirceach leis í, Keat. ii 4732 . Of mystic espousal: na loidedh a leaba goill / feithed fós ar Cloinn Conoill (of Ireland), Irish Texts ii 56.52 . luighid an t-óg 's an sean le ar siair `young and old wed our sister' (of Mary), PBocht 2.5 . an chomhairle as ar luigh leis / dár ngonaibh-ne is luibh leighis (of the Incarnation), DDána 6.11 . mar budh fear do luigheadh lé `he was as a spouse to her', Aithd. D. 84.6 .

Rarely in trans. use: go nach luighfeadh Dia lámh air, TSh. 5419.

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