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cos

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cos or dil.ie/12566
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cuis, cos, cas, coisi, cois, chaissi, chais, coss, chois, cosa, cossa, achossa, cossa, chos, chosaib

n ā, f. On d s. cuis, Thes. ii 245.36 (Cambr.) see GOI 48 . cos f., IGT Decl. § 39 (91.11) . cas f., § 40 . (g s. coisi, d s. cois; proscribed forms: don chaissi , Decl. ex. 1124 . red chais (: glais), 1125 ).

(a) foot, leg (of human beings and animals): coss a cospite .i. ō eirptiud (.i. ō erlonn). Coss latine cosus .i. cos bruinde, O'Mulc. 246 . n s. coss gl. pes, Wb. 12a20 . 21 . 23 . a s. chois, Ml. 56b1 . n p. cosa, Tur. 65 . cossa, Wb. 12b4 . Ml. 111b14 . 126c17 . v p. achossa, Wb. 12a33 . a p. cossa, Ml. 111b17 . 89d14 . g p. chos, 126c16 . 138a2 . d p. chosaib, 126c17 . bithi cloi tria cossa, Blathm. 51 . fuil chuise `a wound on a foot', BCrólige 63 . cinta coisi trespasses (?), Laws ii 46.8 Comm. secht meóir cechtar a dá choss, TBC-LL² 1199 . bulli da choiss kick, MU² 880 . cor coise trip, Magauran 1192 . rogab a choiss fón chlerech, RC xiii 106.w (`a mark of respect', n.). mairg cois isa bond fa ṁbris, ACL iii 237 § 21 . coss chraind `a wooden leg', RC xiii 80 § 84 . cossa cinn ind eich forelegs, Cóir Anm. 125 . itir a da cois tona hind legs, Laws ii 240.4 Comm. do cois mairt (as weapon), RC xvii 406.9 (Tig.). cosa dunta webbed feet, Rosa Angl. 324.16 . cos dubh (a bird), Eg. Gl. 124 . ? do cach fior díob ba cuit choissi / lán a bhoissi do ghrán glan, SG 20.8 .

(b) stem, support, handle, shaft of various objects: huanaib cosaib hilignidib gl. lectulos . . . illigneis pedibus, Sg. 33b8 . atchiat insi . . . for óenchois on a single column, LU 1936 . delg ara cuirit[h]er a ch.¤ , Corm. Y 301 . sreth . . . di bretnasaib . . . ┐ a cosa isind fraigid pins, LU 1709 . luibne na mér na lāime, ┐ c.¤ eissib sūas ind rig, Corm. Y 447 . ainm lestair . . . ┐ a choss triana mhedón, Corm. 18 . adbur coisi in rama, Laws v 488.24 Comm. im chois a altoire, ii 120.8 (text printed as Comm.). foirchrédh a ch.¤ (of an `escra)', Ériu xiii 41.13 . ailen . . . ┐ in muir . . . do cach aird uimmi acht oench.¤ eascra ind namma isthmus, CCath. 3412 v.l. See escra. amail didniu[s] side (i.e. an dos) in cois bis fai `stem', Laws v 28.2 Comm. fa chosuibh a caeimhleptha, Acall. 791 . c.¤ cech losa, Ériu ix 66.4 . fo cosoip fulaing na n-iudus `under the supports of the turrets', CCath. 3537 . feadh coisi casabhair, IGT Decl. ex. 949 . deargfa a chais nduinn (: bais) (of a spear), Magauran 3058 . buille dá chois (of a crozier), ZCP ii 556.19 .

(c) Metr. is cosin (c.¤ in?) ndīalt sōn, Corm. Y 447 (37.13) .

(d) infantry, foot-soldiers : sloig L. eter chois ┐ ech, ┐ choin, IT i 46.27 . eter cois ┐ cairptheach, Aen. 1179 .

(e) In phrases with prepp.: immáteged cách dia chuis (: nuis) on foot, LU 2994 . [a] chur dia chois `was . . . dismounted', AFM v 1780.12 . don choll gan chor dhá chosaibh without being felled, Duan. F. i 35.6 . da cois near him, TTebe 4206 . is mor maidm dober da chois `besides', Fen. 88.3 . bieit anamait foa chossaibsom gl. scabellum pedum tuorum, Wb. 32c13 . atabairt fuchossa gl. humiliatos . . . gentiles, Ml. 67c2 . fo chosaib aurdragh at the mercy of spectres, TBC-I¹ 453 . fa a chois, DDána 119.4 `níos lugha ná', Gloss. mucc ┐ ag fora coiss on the hoof, RC xiii 444 § 24 ( LL 37202 ). for a cois `standing' (of furze), Laws i 172.14 Comm. mo chíos bhróin rem chois dom chailg beside me, Rel. Celt. ii 236.11 . a gcinn le cois a gcána `as well as,' Content. xxvi . re cois aoise `except for his being old', xiv 24 . fiche bliadhain is bárr re chois `and more besides', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 342.21 . se fein dochuaid i cois in dilsidh `to watch the condemned prisoner', Laws v 486.7 Comm. muna frith slabrad eile do bertha fair, no nech eile do deachsa[d] ina cois is slan do sum . . . do dol ina cois to guard him(?), O'D. 443 ( H 3.17, 341 ). degla go rachadh cechtar aca a gcois a chonartha aran bfer eile `go back on the bargain', Ériu v 172.148 . do gheall . . . éiric . . . ┐ go rachdaois 'na chois evade it, Atlantis iv 186.36 . an geall[adh] thugamar . . . as nár linn dol na chois, RC x 345.17 . 'na chois `along with him', Auraic. 76 . da m-beinn-si do rer mo coisi . . . a muig `were I outside and at liberty', Celt. Rev. iii 302.6 . rotairisetar a n-inadaib a coss `they remained where they stood,' CCath. 5686 . ? bruth d'echaib . . . / do mnāi ra comlund a chuiss `racing . . . on foot', Fianaig. 48.20 .

Adv. cossaib tírmaib dryshod , SR 7679 . Ériu ii 198.10 . v 34.24 . cos i cois `a foot for a foot', Laws i 8.6 (Introd. to SM). cois (c.¤, v.l.) ar cois frisin marcsluagh foot to foot (i.e. in close combat), CCath. 5709 .

Prov.: cos fo coraith (of useless undertaking), Bürgschaft 30 § 81 . ni ar aonchois thainig Pattruic go hEirin i.e. I have another string to my bow, Luc. Fid. 4991 .

In n. loc. a n-dúthaigh Chois Daoile along the Deel, Hy Fiach. 334.2 ó Chois Machan, Keat. Poems 228 .

Compds. With nouns: d'eachaibh . . . ar n-a gcaischleas, Magauran 834 . im dibh coscolptaib dho `calves', CCath. 4663 . innacoschométide . . . costigthith (both gl. p[a]edago- gorum, with paed- taken as Lat. ped-), Wb. 9a11 . rogab a coiseitigh iar n-ichtar, Grail 1275 . cos galor, CS 256.3 . huachosglasaib gl. uinctos conpedibus, Ml. 83c10 . cual do coslámaib `a pile of arms and legs', Caithr. Thoirdh. 104.39 . Cf. fá cendchoslámaib na cath, 113.4 . cossogam .i. mera da laime ar son na feadh imon lurgain, Auraic. 5779 . colg dét iarna chossliasait chlí `thigh', TBC-LL² 4406 . cais-slighe chuige, Dán Dé vi 13 ` foot-road (?)', Gloss.

With adjj. a cná cosbuide, SG 347.23 . dam . . . coisfhiond (cossind, v.l.) white-legged, ZCP xiv 400.3 . ar dá n-echaib . . . cosscháela, TBC-LL² 2918 . go siobhlaidís . . . coslomnocht, RSClára 76a . C. coslūath, ZCP viii 118 § 18 . co herard . . . coslūthmar, MacCongl. 83.27 . ossé cossalach, LU 7767 `dirty-footed (?)', BDD2 Gloss. in t-ech aile . . . coseng, LU 6490 (TBC). With adj. derived from noun: baccaig ┐ coss-gallraig (as subst.), PH 4399 . i n-ecusc na Bhrathar Coslomh[nacht]a 'in the habit of the Discalced Friars', AI 392 (s.a. 1302.2).

1 doé

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 doé or dil.ie/17513

 

Forms: dóit, dóite, dóid, dóidi

n (orig. doë disyll., GOI § 326 ) nt, f. Later with n s. dóit, g s. dóite. dóid, g s. and n pl. dóidi, IGT Decl. § 14 .

(a) The upper arm from shoulder to elbow, humerus (oppd. to lám arm in general and rig forearm): doe láme gl. lacertus, Sg. 68a1 . inna ndoat gl. lacertorum, Acr. 26v2 ( Thes. ii 8 ). dae .i. righ nó guala, O'Dav. 740 citing Laws iii 290.15 where d.¤ is explained as meaning `guala' in a man and `ucht' in a woman. co memaid a doe láma, LL 292b31 . remithir dóit láma, FB § 91 . luibenchossach .i. luibne na mér na laime ┐ cos eissib (┐ cosa na mer estib, LB) suas, ind rig ┐ in doe (in doit, LB), gusin n-alt na guailne arsisidar . . . sē haisle didiu fil otha ind meoir co halt na gualand (viz. three phalanges, metacarpal bone, rig forearm, and doe upper arm), Corm. Y 447 . cusna rigthib . . . ┐ cusna doitib (where rigthe = ulnas), Gild. Lor. 164 . mebsaitis limsa glaine fer dia mbrāigde, brāigde fer la ṅdōite, rigthi fer la n-uaille (leg. a n-uille) men's necks (shoulder-blades) with their upper arms, TBC-I¹ 3547 , cf. TBC-LL¹ 5947 . turcbaid-sium a dóti ┐ a rigthi ┐ a dernanna, TBC-LL¹ 916 . cu roloisc in tene . . . doiti ┐ righthe na ndibercach, Lism. L. 2974 . co rosedlad buinde a sliasta ┐ a dá dóit, RC xvi 44 ( Dinds. 93 ). a dí ḟoil argit ┐ a dí bunne doat armlets, Imr. Brain ii 48 . bouinde doat, IT iii 238 . deich muince doat, Ériu ii 4 (dóat, v.l.). fail mo láma is mo dóitti, Fen. 400 . falge óir im dóitib, LL 18b34 . órnasc nobíd um dóitib . . . mac na saerchland, Thr. Ir. Gl. 4 s.v. aunasc. bla deilge dae `exemption as regards the brooch on the shoulder', Laws iii 290 . dealc n-oir huasa doidib ina brot above his fore-arms (i.e. on the shoulder), TBC-I¹ 3344 , cf. 3159 and TBC-LL¹ 5685 . dobertha ailge arda foa doitib (of Moses praying during the slaughter of the Amalekites), RC xii 434 .

(b) By extension the arm in general (synon. of lám): doit .i. lam, Cóir Anm. 236 . dóid .i. lámh, O'Cl. trisin doit gl. brachio, Ml. 29b8 . ní ceil a dóe for Láige `his arm doth not fail Laigde', RC xvi 70 ( Dinds. 118 ) = ni chel a dae, AFM 226 (i 110) , ní chél a doe, SG ii 492 ; ni cheil a doid for laga, Lec. 278a4 . co n-eccmoiṅg a láim dói di Lugaid . . . benar a lám dói di choinculainn . . . conid and atá otharlige a chind ┐ a láime dói, RC iii 182 (`right hand', perh. a misinterpreted compd. lámdóe; lam doe, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. ii 17 ). tucastar . . . dóit fri dóit, CRR 45 , 48 , 51 ; FB § 53 . dóid fria dóid ┐ gualaind fri gualaind, CCath. 1722 . dói fri dói, LL 146b51 ( PRIA xix 544 ). ar ndiceannadh mo dóiti, MR 308 . nibtar dermaill a di doit (: cōic), Corm. Y 398 . dóide dromghonta, ML 134 ; TSh. 6614 . i cein cotnicfat ar ndoidi foga do cassad as long as our arms are able to whirl javelins, CCath. 635 ; 662 , 655 . lotar dō iar ndōtib drenn | cōic cōicid in[n]a Erenn `after arms of combats' (i.e. after wrestling, bouts, fights?), ZCP iii 37 = IT i 109 (where Wind. reads iarnd.¤ iron gauntlets). lederthar a doti, PH 1119 . rosiacht a cholpa's a dóit `its shank and its toe' (its leg and its arm?), Metr. Dinds. ii 100 .

(c) hand (esp. in later texts, cf. similar use of lám): gibe díbh gēbhus righe, | ná siritt slata 'na ndoid | acht ó fhior ionaid Maodhóicc, BNnÉ 258 . ceithri . . . binni clis hi cechtar a do dhoit, TBC-I¹ 3396 . do ghlac a arm 's a sgiath 'na dhóid (on his arm?), Oss. iv 132 . ling ar mo theangaid, a Thrinóit, | beandaig ind dot míndóit móir (allusion to hand used in benediction?), ACL iii 241 . méor dhóide, Hackett xxi 23 . iadas . . . na glac-doidi garga . . . tar corp Conaill, MR 256 . gur theilgetar a gcuilg a ndóidib ┐ á nglacaib, SG 272 . gur bheansad dóide feola a corpoibh a cheile handfuls (?), ZCP x 289 . dodracha caipiri `fists of copper', ITS xvii 113 . cnagaire dóide `a knocker ', Ó Bruad. ii 234 .

pn As sobriquet: Ailderg Dóit is leis ar thūs doronait failge ōir im doitib, Rawl. 147a27 . Allerg Doat, ZCP viii 302 . Enna Dóit, Lec. 52a43 . mic Enna Dóit, ITS xv 48 . mac Enna Doat, Rawl. 154b2 . Mael Doid . . . i cnocaib Maele Doaid, Arch. Hib. ii 83 (?).

Compds. ¤buinne: curro cuir comfota dótbuindi dedhlaeich do crund na cruisigi treimit ` champion's armlet ', Grail 884 . ¤chirrad: mo dóit-chirradh, MR 306 . ¤chleth: dóidchleatha meor-laga ` trellis-hand ', Keat. Poems 101 . ¤gel: ben dían d. white-armed , MacCongl. 97 . duine d., Metr. Dinds. iii 108 . ¤lám arm: roiadhadar na dodlamha doleonta . . . tar na dromannaibh, CF 205 ; 357 . snadhmaid na dóidlámha tar chaoldromannaibh a chéile, Oss. iii 94 . Cf. doé láime, lám dói above. ¤lebar long-armed: fri Domhnall d., MR 110 ; 116 , 182 . ¤lethan broad-fisted (?): ina ndóidib détla dóidlethna, SG 265 . ¤mer: Cerball nír dúi ciar dótmer swift to strike, rash (?), LL 201b30 . ¤rig fore-arm (arm ?): rodúin a dá doitrighid im cael a droma, CCath. 2957 . rolá a dá dóitrighidh imme, Moling 8 . roiadhusdair a dha dhóidrigh, ITS v 38 . toccbuis Fer D. eter a dhoidriogaibh mora, ZCP x 297 .

luban

Cite this: eDIL s.v. luban or dil.ie/30876

 

Forms: luibne

n o and ā in s., pl. luibne . Name of some ornament of cloaks and mantles, perh. tassel, in pl. (fringe of) tassels: trí coícait l.¤ / . . . 'ma thimchell (of famous mantle), Metr. Dinds. iv 220.5 (: cuman) = l.¤ dergoir roboi isin chetaig Crimthainn . . . a tri coecta l.¤ co n-uboll oir ar cach lubain, Dinds. 121. brothrach co luibnib finnaib, LL 252b26 . moṅga tara cenn síar ┐ lubne gela foraib, LU 4495 (`shields' (?), Faraday p. 1 , see under 2 luibne ). noí cochleni impu co lubun chorcrai, LU 7608 `loop', BDD 115 . ti dubglas co l.¤ airgid, YBL 136a46 = lúbáin, SG 74.30 . tii dubglasso co lluibnib corcraip impu, IT iii 239.136 . As attrib. gen.: a chorr liathroití lubain (: mumain), IT iii 69 § 12. Cf. lubán findchuill . . . ac imḟulung a n-étaig, Acall. 5201 (`bended twigs', SG ii 227 ). See luibenchlad, -chosach, 2 luibne .

luibenchosach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. luibenchosach or dil.ie/30969
Last Revised: 2013

 

n (luban + cos?). Of an unprepossessing physical feature: an eachlach . . . lubanchosach, YBL 177a34 ; 'having six toes (on each foot)' (?) (or a corruption of lúbchosach 'having bent feet', Celtica xiii 20 ). Usually as metr. term used of a `deach' (q.v.) consisting of six syllables (dialt) and explained by the glossators on the analogy of the five toes and the foot or leg and the five fingers and the hand or arm (see also Murphy Metrics 27 , 88 ): luibenchossach .i. luibne na mér na lāime, ┐ cos eissib sūas ind rig ┐ in doe gusin n-alt na gūailne arsisidar, ar is fri sodain samailter in dēach sin i curp duine. . . . Sē dīalta . . . filet a l.¤ , Corm. Y 447 = in sesed deach luib .i. luibne mér na láime ┐ cossa na mer estib suas .i. in raig ┐ in doit . . . ┐ fri sodain samailter in deach sin i corp duine, Corm. p. 17 . luibheanchosach .i. an chos maille ris na méraibh, no an lámh maille ris na méraibh, O'Cl. da bricht ┐ da luibencosach, IT iii 7 § 6 (see p. 129 - 30 ). dechnad mor cetamus is da luibencosaigh ┐ da bricht filet ann, 7 § 6 n. 2 . dialt . . . ┐ l.¤ , Auraic. 1214 . oenfidh airegda i ndialt . . . a se i l.¤ , 1217 . luibenchossach .i. in choss cona luibnibh .i. na coic meoir ┐ in traigh in sessed, 1424 . As adj. incipit dona laidhibh luibencosacaib, IT iii 94 § 143 . laigh luidencosach, O'D. 1194 ( H 2.15A, 80a ).

1 luibne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 luibne or dil.ie/30971

 

n (luib) stem of a plant, twig : adamra ind rig . . . / at líu luibni fidbad fann, SR 7291 . femm a fimbria .i. ō luibniu .i. mairis, O'Mulc. 515. See next.

2 luibne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 luibne or dil.ie/30972

 

n Used both as s. and pl. in various meanings, and perh. either pl. or deriv. of luban, q.v. The exx. under 1 l. may belong to this word.

(a) In passages referring to the fingers or toes: l.¤ na mér na lāime, Corm. Y 447 ( Corm. p. 17 ). luibhne mér, Metr. Gl. Ff. 42 ; D. 14 . luibhne .i. méoir, O'Cl. in choss cona luibnibh .i. na coic meoir ┐ in traigh, Auraic. 1424. 4479 . See luibenchosach.

(b) spear, lance : luibhne . . . senainm . . . áirdṡleighe, Metr. Gl. Ff. 36 . luighne (luibni, v.l.) ainm na sleighe díubhruic[th]e, 48 . luibhne .i. sleagh diubhraicthe, O'Cl. ? Fig. of a warrior: is é inn acci lómnach, is é in lumne leítmenach (luibne v.l.), TBC-LL¹ 5417.

(c) shield(s) (cf. 1 ruibne): luibhne .i. sgiath, ut est luibhne geala foraibh, Ériu xiii 73 § 155 = lubne gela foraib ┐ slega . . . ina lámaib, TBC-I¹ 12 ( LU 4495 ) `white shields(?)', Faraday (see luban). mo ruibni mam luibni ar ló, IT i 162.1 (glossed both sleig and sgiath). do luathbhriseadh luibhne na laoch, Cath MT 499 . luibhne .i. sgiath, O'Curry 1370 ( H 3.18, 626 ), O'Cl.

luibnech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. luibnech or dil.ie/30973

 

adj (2 luibne ) having long fingers(?): Leaburcam . . . ladrach luíbhnech, BB 257b26 = an eachlach luibneach, YBL 177a34 (cf. RC xxiv 272 ). Also in: in t-íchdar brothurl.¤ biastaide dofil léo fo uisgib `hairy-clawed' (fringed? See under luban) (of mermaids), Dinds. 42.

2 luimne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 luimne or dil.ie/31002

 

x see 2 luibne .

luimnechda

Cite this: eDIL s.v. luimnechda or dil.ie/31005

 

ind in explanation of the name Luimnech: is luimnechda lind maic Lir, Metr. Dinds. iii 274.67 . is luimnechda in t-inber, Dinds. 57 . luimneachda .i. bratach, no sgiathach, O'Cl. is lumnigthe in t-inber oll, Metr. Dinds. iii 274.51 . Cf. 2 luibne , luimnech, lumman.

lumne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lumne or dil.ie/31074

 

x see 2 luibne .

1 rig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 rig or dil.ie/35264
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: rig, righidh, riged, righ

n d, f.. a s. rig, SR 7219 , LU 4888 ( TBC-I¹ 401 ). righidh, CCath. 2060 . g s. riged, TBC-LL¹ 46 . righ f. (g s. -eadh, d s. -idh, n p. -thi), IGT Dec. § 191 .

The fore-arm from wrist to elbow (somet. used to include the latter) distinguished from lám `arm' and doe `upper arm'. na rigthe nó na huille, gl. ulnas, Gild. Lor. 163 . cusna rigthib, gl. cum cubitis, 164 . cubi[t]us latine .i. righ, O'Mulc. 112 . dae .i. righ no guala, O'Dav. 740 (definition inaccurate). luibenchossach .i. luibne na mér . . . ┐ cos eissib suas ind rig ┐ in doe gusin alt na guailne, Corm. Y 447 s.v. deach. int herdornn óg cen rig fist without forearm , SR 7219 . doid [┐] rig, Laws v 354.5 . dornn caurad ┐ rig ruanada, TBC-I¹ 425 . secht cubait rigi (i.e. cubits measured by the fore-arm), Dinds. 54 ( RC xv 450 ). ucht rigi the bend of the elbow , Laws v 363 n. ro sháidh sgían trí bhun a ridhe 'his wrist' ZCP xxxiii 130 § 5 . ail focheird dia rigid rind (leg. riged) at arm's length , Metr. Dinds. ii 84.51 (see Corrigenda v 130 ). comhfada re roigh laimhe laeich o iond a mheoir go hiond a ghualann, ZCP x 277.6 (Franc. TBC). doronsad aenach cind righed, 305.14 (some kind of close combat?). feóil a righe, Isaiah ix 20 . du. tuc a dā rigid 'mun coirthi, TBC-LL¹ 1233 = a di rig, St. Ériu iv 104.6 . pl. turcbaid a dóti ┐ a rigthi, TBC-LL¹ 916 . snadmait a rrighthe (of wrestlers), CCath. 2943 . ro gab i n-a noídin Ísu for a rigthib, PH 3750 . folongat na mna cach altrom for a rigtib, O'Mulc. 114 . neartuigh sí a ríghtheacha, Proverbs xxxi 17 .

Rig mná Nuadat (poetic name of part of the lower course of the river Boyne), Metr. Dinds. iii 26.15 , ZCP viii 106.6 . iar rig mna Nuadat, RC xxvi 18 § 35 ( .i. iar nirt fhilidechta Nuadat, LL 186b50 ), although Rig is a well-attested hydronym Celtica iii 263 .

As fictive npr. m.: maic Rigedh Rothriune maic Lāime, Anecd. ii 53.17 .

Compds. ¤derg with red (i.e. bloodstained?) forearms : in Cú Chulaind cathbuadach . . . rigderg, LU 9313 = righderg, Anecd. iii 52.16 . Rechtaind Ríghdherg .i. rígh derg ro bhoí aigi, Cóir Anm. 24 .

¤fota: Coirpri Righfhoda .i. righ fhoda baí aigi, Cóir Anm. 63 . Cairpri Ridhfoda, Anecd. ii 77.18 .

¤remar: doiti rigremra, CCath. 2946 .

¤trén: scáilfer . . . rengmar rigtrén, FB 37 .

¤tend: laech ruanaid rigthend, LL 266a45 ( MU 30.16 ).