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1 airches

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 airches or dil.ie/1704

 

Forms: aircheist, airchess, airceist, airrcis, airrcheisd, airchisse, airrceis, airrc[h]eist, aircéssa, arrchesaib

n f. Also aircheist. n s. airchess, Metr. Dinds. iv 122.25 . airceist, ML 162.8 . a s. airrcis, Dinds. 93 . airrcheisd, ALC i 384.y . g s. airchisse, ZCP viii 310.38 . d s. airrceis, LU 1354 . airrc[h]eist, Ériu xi 48.29 . a p. aircéssa, Alex. 863 . d p. arrchesaib, H 3.18 541a10 . For unlenited c in Mod. Ir. see Duan. F. Gloss . (aircisid). See also Vendr. Lex., Lochlann ii 209 and Ériu xix 111 .

(a) act of trapping; trap, snare: arc[h]es .i. ab arceo .i. ōn c[h]umgach .i. īarsinnī doimairg innī tēit ind (innte v.l.), Corm. Y 15 . caite deochuir itir seilg fiadach ┐ airnelaib ┐ airrchesaib . . . sealg .i. for aighib, fiadach for milaip muighib, ┐ airrchesaib for mucaib allta ┐ arnelai for enaib, H 3.18, 541a10 ( Auraic. 113 ). is e cétna ro indlestar airrcis ┐ cuithig ar tús i nErind, Dinds. 93 ( RC xvi 44.7 ). do a.¤ AR to entrap, ambush: doluid side do hairchis ar fiadrad, ZCP viii 310.39 . doluidh C. . . . d'airrc[h]eist ar Lomma gur marbsat hé C. went to ambush L., Ériu xi 48.29 . ba himhecal leis D. . . . do airrceiss for a chind that D. would lay a trap for him, RC xx 52.24 .

(b) encounter, meeting: dá ndiultadh m'oirchis-se, DDána 11.30 . T. do ghabhail go holc leis na Saxanachaib tareis arrcisse do chur air ┐ a thiachtain 'n-a ceann leis an arrcis sin safe conduct, appointment for a meeting(?), AU iii 602.20 . do-beir a.¤ AR encounters, engages: adcuas do mac F. . . . innsin go ttucc airrchis orra (= tuc airrcheisd, ALC i 384.y . arrchest, Ann. Conn. 1249.5 ) `marched to meet them', AFM iii 332.16 . tuc Muiredach . . . aircis ar tossach na tren-sluag, Celt. Rev. iv 212.5 . ag tabairt aircissi ar anam a fir posda fen meeting her husband's soul, BCC 228.11 . minic dorad ingean óg / airchis ar neach a n-allód `put her spells', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 410.24 . téit (or other vb. of motion) i n-a.¤ X goes to meet x; pursues x: do luid . . . a Tracia i nairchis a muintiri, Laws i 22.1 Comm. tainicc ina n-airrcis . . . dochum an puirt, BNnÉ 70 § 118 . eirgitt uile 'na n-airrceis they rise and go to meet them, 269 § 240. do chúaid ind airrcis A., ITS xvi 60.29 . rith sé ina airicis, GJ vii 108a5 . adubairt ris mo long do tabairt i m'aircis go cúan Cuili `to meet me', Celt. Rev. iv 10.23 . ro chingseat . . . hi ccoinne ┐ hi ccert airrcis an tslua[i]gh, AFM iv 1214.13 . do cuaidh in airchis na ccreach go ttarla na ccenn é `in pursuit of', AFM iii 452.21 . tángatar tromsluagh Tuadmuman gu tindesnach na taobairrchist `in vehement pursuit' Caithr. Thoirdh. 90.9 .

(c) Gramm. in phr. innscne airchisi i.e. a conjugated prep. differing in gender from the noun to which it refers when separated from it by other words: ata conchlann gan úidh air / fá comthrom lúidh is lámhuigh, lochdach munab cóir d'innscni airchisi (the difficulty is apparently that `air' refers to `conchlann' which is fem.), IGT Decl. ex. 530 . fúair coma nach creite a méd / ní ḟéd dola seici súd, lochtach acht munab cóir d'innscne airchisi (here f. seici refers to m. coma), ex. 234 .

1 aithed

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aithed or dil.ie/2614

 

Forms: athadh, -idh

[o] vn. from * aith-eth-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 514 . athadh (ón élódh) m. (g s. and n p. -idh), IGT Decl. § 11 . elopement, flight: a.¤ cen dethbiri, Laws v 310.3 . mad a.¤ and, nir' chlunter / cid athḟer cid athmunter, Metr. Dinds. iii 18.227 . ni saiched siblig dar sál / a.¤ n-án da ingin úad, iv 96.z. im athadh dian Derdrinde, BB 258b17 . ni bia oram fairisiumh acht mar bhís ben ar aithedh, BNnÉ 313 § 6 . do-tét, téit for a.¤ (la) elopes with: dodechaid for athiud la Midir, LL 22552 . ro laisi . . . algis fairsium co tudchad for a.¤ léi, LU 2931 . luid ar athad ┐ ar élod le hO., Acall. 2975 . luidh Deichtir siur Concubuir . . . for a.¤ , ZCP v 500.30 . Treablann do theacht for aithi tochmhairc fri Frōech, xiii 171.17 . do-beir, beirid for a.¤ (la) carries off: dobert iarom Eochaid Eblind for a.¤ , LU 2933 . berid ar écin Murni for a.¤ leis, 3167 . dolluid si i ndāil Fothaid ┐ berid ar aithid (aithigh MS) leis hí, Fianaig. 8.1 . breith Helene for aithedh, TTr.² 508 . Elend do brith ar athed, 585 . rug Fathadh ní feis gan bhrón /leis ar athadh 's ar élódh, IGT Decl. ex. 350 ( DDána 64.15 ). Name of a category of tales (elopements) in saga-lists, see Heldensage p. 22 . Cf. Laws i 46.4 , Anecd. ii 45 . In less precise sense: ná ro leíce aitheadh na eígen . . . do eígen . . . do eírge ina reimhes, AFM vi 2374.7 .

aithle

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aithle or dil.ie/2724

 

Forms: aithliu, atlu, a., aithliu

n [io, n. Cf. d s. aithliu, Mon. Tall. 161.4 , atlu, Laws iv 346.7 ] Vn. of ad-len, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 565 . consequence; remainder, vestige, track: ar niba maith a áidlea (leg. a.¤ , edd.) dúib a n-étsecte `for not good will be the consequence to you of listening to them', Wb. 18c11 . im chath Chind chruaid n-a.¤ `of stern consequences', Arch. Hib. ii 54 iii § 6 . a Rí richid reidig dam / . . . / a.¤ na cesta ṅdúr ṅdub the solution of the hard questions, LL 17729 . aithenne .i. aith-tene nō a.¤ thened remnant, remainder, Corm. Y 76 . foilmen .i. nomen do aithli bruit, 590 . a.¤ .i. seanbhrat, O'Cl. (see Hermathena xxiv 57 ). a.¤ .i. ath-ḟolae .i. is mesae cid indās fola, Corm. Y 45 . ciarbo airmeirb lend aithli / aithforgaib maic M. `the leaving of the weapon' (of men slain in combat), Fianaig. 12 § 16 . ro chuindichset in dias do bi thall a.¤ a ronna `i.e. the other two claimed the reversion of his share' (Plummer MS. notes), O'D. 2288 ( Rawl. B 506, f. 26d ). olc a.¤ do sochaide, Laws iv 266.8 `an evil heritage to many', Plummer MS. notes. hathle an eich rugscat namaitt `the enemies took the track of the (other) horse', BColm. 90.11 . ? na beth i n-athbe isse air / richt a les athle ard rig, LL 376a32 .

Common in prep.and adv. phrases, where presumably orig. d s. aithliu. D s.(?) as prep. with gen. after; in consequence of, as a result of: ithle (d'a.¤ v.l.) inn echta doringnius, TBC-LL¹ 3983 . athli ar n-orcni ┐ athli ar taichi . . . do loscud in consequence of our ruin and the burning of our houses, KZ xxxi 254.x . ragait a.¤ a mmesa dochom péné, LU 2369 . Aed A. a.¤ Fergail / isse ro gab for Temraich, Rawl. 163a7 . itt é ata nessom d'Uib Néill athli Condacht next after C., ZCP viii 317.5 . hi tír Grec a.¤ ind ilair / luid Semion, LL 761 . With co: co ha.¤ na treisi `till after three days', Laws ii 380.16 Comm. gl. co iar nde treise, 13 .

With prec. prep. With A(S): aidchi cenlai a aithliu na cetaoine `the eve of Maunday Thursday after the Wednesday', Mon. Tall. 161.4 (§ 80) . a ha.¤ a gabala, Laws ii 352.22 Comm. a haithli sechtmogat bliadan do forba after completing seventy years, ZCP viii 111.29 . a haithli na crech mor-sin do denam do, Ann. Conn. 1262.6 . as m'a.¤ `after me', BCC 284.19 . Note also: luidh a athaithli in cata sin, BB 489b43 = luid A. a.¤ in choscair sin, Alex. 152 . athaithli marbtha Cír, BB 7a45 (cf. a ha.¤ infra). With I N-: lá éigin 'n-a a.¤-so, after this, Dán Dé v 25 . 'n-a a.¤ sin, Aithd. D. 38.30 . With D' (= DI or DO): d(o) a.¤ thogla thuir Conuing (heptasyll. line), Todd Nenn. 274.2 . d'a.¤ oidedha m'oide . . . do chur, ZCP xiv 241.9 . d'a.¤ a imshníma, LB 129b34 . chóig céd bliaghan d'aithli Chríostt, Desid. 4108 . mar altain d'a.¤ a hoirnimh `as sharp as a razor after whetting', Dán Dé xxv 22 . gach learg dhlúthta d'a.¤ a hord (of the wall of a building), DDána 119.34 . Adv. phrase asa a.¤ with 3 s. n. poss. afterwards: ar nípam comchirtisea do neoch asa aithli, LU 4248 . assa a.¤ then, TBC-LL¹ 138 . In later lang. asa ha.¤ (with h- from the prep. phr. a ha.¤ ?): ro imthigh fein asa haithli, Stair Erc. 81 . asa haithli, ZCP viii 111.22 . as a ha.¤ `afterwards', Fl. Earls 8.21 (cf. athaithli supra). See aithilte, also under athlad

allanall

Cite this: eDIL s.v. allanall or dil.ie/2938

 

Forms: alla anall

(alla(e) + anall) Somet. alla anall, which, however, counts only as three sylls. in LL 10885 infra. Adv. on the other side, yonder: do athchor a ndíbergi a.¤ , BDD² 401 . ba uair didiu teagosc a.¤luidh co Scathaigh, BB 266a9 . adbert didiu drai a.¤ fris, b10 . mad dá mmamar alla anall / ac Scáthaig . . ., LL 10885 . co torchair allda anall, RC xxv 344.6 . a mbeith i ffolach alla anall `on the inside', TFrag. 232.5 .

altrannas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. altrannas or dil.ie/3042

 

n o, m. (altra) fostering, fosterage, nurture: do cleamnus . . . ┐ d'ailtrindus, O'D. 592 (H 3.17, c. 448). luidh Fiachra . . . co Teamhraigh do chuinchidh altrandais for rīcch Ērenn .i. a rogha dia cloind (i.e. to ask that he might choose one of the king's sons to foster), ZCP xiv 218.9 . arna tuca a.¤ cisa . . . forsin eclais, O'Dav. 62 . dīburtud .i. . . . dered n-ērea indsin .i. a.¤ .i. arnā rob olc menma neich īarom, Corm. Y 425 = altram for chinadus natbé drochmenma iaram, Corm. p. 15 . Cf. dabruidiud altrannus ar na rab olc menma neich .i. altrandus gin tanaisi isin tan sa, O'Curry 1001 (H 3.18, 427b). cleamhnas ar deis duine féin / is a.¤ i n-imgcéin, DDána 66.9 . mar iomchras an tathair altrannus leanbh, Numbers xi 12 .

1 ben

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ben or dil.ie/5644
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: bean, bean, bein, mnái, mna, mnāi, mnai, mná, mnaa, bein, mnáoi, mná, mnaa, mná, mn, mban, ban, mnaibh, mnáib, mnaib, mnaaib, mnaibh, mhnaoi, mnai, ban-, banab, -aigne, -airchinnech

n ā, f. GOI §§ 190 , 291 , Lohmann ZCP xix 63. bean aithnidh, f., IGT Decl. § 170. See also Ériu xvii 108.

I

(a) woman : n s. in b.¤ , Wb. 11c14 , Imr. Brain 1 , PH 5720. bean, CCath. 1140. in bhean, Duan. F. ii 130 § 23. v s. a b.¤ , LU 3420 ( SCC 19 ). a s. bein ( KZ xlviii 65 ), Laws ii 382.15 ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 49 § 23 ), Metr. Dinds. iv 178.w (: Celetir), Ériu vi 136.78 , Auraic. 1835. mnái gl. mulierem, Wb. 10a10 , Imr. Brain 2 , CCath. 1141. mna, Críth G. 125 , mnāi, ACL iii 308.13 , mnai, Trip. 86.24 . g s. mná, Críth G. 124 , Imr. Brain 26 , PH 857. mnaa, LL 7558 , TSh. 5773. d s. bein, Auraic. 1833 , 5020 . mnáoi, Mon. Tall. 143.10 . n pl. mná (monosyll.), Imr. Brain 41. mnaa (monosyll.), LL 44. mná, TSh. 5718. a pl. mn, LU 8265 ( FB 21 ). g pl. mban gl. mulieres, Wb. 22c10 . ban, Ml. 65c16 . d pl. `somet. disyllabic in verse,' GOI § 291 , mnaibh (disyll.), Blathm. 586. mnáib, LU 3266 ( SCC 6 ), RC xiii 36 § 2. mnaib (monosyll.), LU 3950 ( SCC 44 ). mnaaib, LL 2919. mnaibh, ZCP xvi 225.4 . n du. dī mnái, Cáin Ad. 25. dá mhnaoi , Dán Dé iii 15 . di mnai dec, BCrólige 32 .

As dist. from a virgin: ni finntar in b.¤ fa nac si, Ir. Recht 5 § 3 . femen . . . .i. femur .i. sliasat, air is and is b.¤-si intan fognaithir dia sliasait, Auraic. 609. Of a bird: ben a lleinn co londath, Murphy Lyrics 10 § 10 , Ériu xxii 51 .

(b) With following defining word. With adj.: b.¤ gáelmar, see gáelmar. b.¤ uasal `a lady', BNnÉ 121 § 56 . With part. b.¤ pósta. With gen. of definition or description: b.¤ áirge woman of the milking place, dairymaid : in b.¤ airge, Ir. Recht 9 § 11. b.¤ aititen, see aititiu. b.¤ chengail wife: nach béidh fear ’gā mhnaoi cheangail, Celtica iv 109 § 10 . b.¤ crislaig: is i in b.¤ c. .i. is le fein in coimpert sin (lit.) woman of the womb, Laws v 202.13 Comm. See crislach. b.¤ chraí (chruí) the wife of a deceased relative; a forbidden woman: nír ben chrábaid ach ben chraí `not a holy wife but an unlawful one´ Celtica x 105 § 3 . ’na grádaig mnaí craí ná col `do not love a woman forbidden to you´ 105 § 5 . ro bui inna mnoí crui, icá derbrathair … conid hi sin cetben crui ro hincrechadh riamh, 111 (King’s Inns MS. 10) . ar a bith ben crui .i. oca derbrathair, ibid. (NLS MS. 72.1.5) . b.¤ chuil (cholach) : ’na grádaig mnaí craí ná col `do not love a woman forbidden to you´ Celtica x 105 § 5 . dā ccionntuighthea ré mnaoi chuil, Mac Aingil 3002 . ben chuil 'concubine', PH 867 . mna cúil ┐ cairdeasa dionnarbhadh ó fheraibh 'to put away concubines and lemans from men', AFM ii 1100z (s.a. 1152) . mnai cuínnceda betrothed woman, BB 442b4 . an bhean chuinghedha, IGT Decl. ex. 1198. b.¤ ḟir married woman: fóemad serce a mban fer, Ériu lix 70 . b.¤ ḟúataig an abducted woman (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 90 ). b.¤ gáeil kins-woman : is í a b.¤ gáeil fen phósas, PH 7790. See 1 gáel. b.¤ grésa embroidress : coeca ban [n]gressa is ferr bói a nEirinn `sempstress' (Gloss.), Acall. 5537. See 1 grés. b.¤ imtha see immad. b.¤ oéntama single, unmarried woman (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 107.10 ). slān slithi mnā oēntama `immunity for overcoming a single woman by stealth' ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 107.13 ), ZCP xv 351 § 40. See oentam, 1 oentama. b.¤ síde, see 1 síd. b.¤ tanaisi lanamnusa `second [subordinate] woman of union', BCrólige 56 . ag mnaoi Mháighe by the lady of the Maigue, DDána 99.37 .

(c) In g s. with prec. noun female, -ess, etc.: aoighe mná nách mair a fear `a stranger woman', TD 11.32 . dalta mna `a foster-daughter', BNnÉ 120.16 . Bóann, fāigh mnā prophetess, ZCP xiii 166.9 . ni thaghuill b.¤ no leanobh og mna a reileg `no woman or young female child', Mart. Don. 400.25 .

II wife : mo bensa `my wife', Sg. 61b14 . Tea b.¤ Ermoin meic Milid, Thes. ii 314.24 . leth díri cach gráid túaithe fora mnaí, Críth G. 125. cetharda[e] ndíllat(a) leis ┐ a ben `he and his wife have' (note), 199 . orca[e] lia be[i]n, 408 . coblaith dia mnai fri bein in rig equal rank with the king's wife for his wife, Ériu vi 136.14 . b.¤ dagḟir, LL 7554. ro theacht mhnaoi a dhingbhāla `he had a worthy wife', Fl. Earls 132.22 . tré mhnaoi Thighearnáin Uí Ruairc do bhreith leis, TSh. 5471.

Compds. ban- is the normal composition form (for gender of compds. see GOI § 254 , O'Rahilly, Ériu ix 16 ff.). When prefixed to a noun (1) denoting a male person or animal it makes a corresponding female form; (2) it has adj. force and means female, pertaining to a woman .

With nouns. ¤abb abbess : banab gl. abatissa, Ir. Gl. 22. Finnguala . . . banab Chille Craebnat, Ann. Conn. 1301.2 . banab m., IGT Decl. § 21 , g s. an banabadh, ex. 788 . mar bhanabaidh ndlighthigh `Abbesse', RSClára 98a . ¤accaid (see aiccid) female tenant, farmer : (contemptuously of Medb) cid ra mer in cali ┐ in b.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 1934. ? ¤aicde woman's handiwork : ar cirtha adbullom banaicdigh, Laws ii 394.10 Comm. banaicidh (but leg. -aicdi, Stud. in E. Ir. Law, 35.1) uaidhsiumh `feminine implements' (supplied by her husband to the woman worker described as a beccdéntaid), Laws ii 410.22 Comm. ¤aiced (collect. cf. prec.) woman's implements, tools : comad urlam a frichnam ac ban-aicidhibh, O'Curry 661 (H.3.18, 323). ¤aided woman's death (i.e. in child-birth): cen mna décaib de banaidid, Dinds. 161. -aigne female advocate: mar bhanaighne is ort anaim, PBocht 14.36 . -airchinnech female erenagh ; abbess : b.¤ gl. antesta, antestita, Sg. 66a17 . tanic an banairchindeach do béin cluig, YBL 1a19 . co banairchinnig Lainne, BColm. 26 § 28. b.¤ na hecalsa `prioress', Lism. L. 1436. ¤airfitech female musician : banairfidech Thíre Tairnngaire uli hí, Acall. 7205. ¤airle woman's counsel : Adham Samson Solum rí / romersat a mbanairlí, Ériu ii 229.9 . (in rhetoric) b.¤ betha (báetha, LU) nacha auchaide heed not the foolish words of women, TBC-I¹ 2092. ¤aite: ó bhanoide na gcuradh .i. Scáthach `instructress', Keat. ii 3390. ¤aitire: b.¤ tainic tar cend banbidbad (sic leg.) re laim a banfecheman and `a female surety', Laws i 148.24 Comm. apad naile ┐ anadh naile o ban etere for banbidhbaidh, O'Curry 988 (H. 3.18 424b) = Laws i 148.28 Comm. ¤ammait witch, hag (with magic power): robai banamaid i tig in rig . . . ┐ dobert a mathair Corc for faesam na hamaide, BB 251a35 . ¤amus woman-servant, female hireling: mad feramus nó b.¤ noda-mela (of grinding with a quern on Sunday), Ériu ii 204.22 . b., a folac a incaib maicc no celi `a hired woman', Ériu xii 85 § 4. mac banamsa, ZCP xvi 215.33 . rucus comaltar do banamuis, xv 310 § 6 . sóeramais ┐ banamais ic roind ┐ ic dáil dóib, Ériu iv 124.27 . ¤augra: máth b.¤ co sārtairbirt trī muilt ind `a fight among women', Cáin Ad. 44. ¤augtar: Bridhe banughdar, Keat. iii 498.

¤breth female judgment, judgment of (concerning ?) women: banbrethaib glossed bretha ban, O'Dav. 994. b.¤ briugu female briugu EIF 417 : batir banbrugaid sōn, Corm. Y 87.12 (§1018) . Becnait banbhrugaid ainm (na) mná maithe si, Acall. 1876 . ¤búachaill herdswoman: sech ba bard, ba b.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iv 22.20 .

¤cháem: banchōem de Alpa female noble, Celtica iii 182.3 . ¤chaingen female question, case: nocha n-ē an banc[h]aingen / berar ar cúl, ZCP viii 216.32 . ¤cháinte female satirist, lampooner: ba banchainte (viz. Lebarcham), IT i 71.12 ( LMU 6 ). cont-ric fri Richis mbancháinti, MU² 1029 ( LU 1528 ). a comlebaid na banchainti, Cóir Anm. 54. ¤chara woman friend: do uc Mane banscál n-alachtai b.¤ dó `a concubine of his', Trip. 86.19 . b.¤ in dorchaduis (= amica tenebrarum, ed.), Aisl. Tond. 95 § 2. bretha in mac . . . cúa bancharait, LU 1663 ( RC ix 454.10 ). ¤chath: conid b.¤ Rochada insin `Rochad's Woman-fight' (Faraday), LU 5945 ( bān-, TBC-I¹ 1479 ). ¤chéile female companion, mate, wife: a bancheli díngbala diabuil, PH 8175. as i fa banchele dó .i. Eithne Taebhḟada his wife (of a king), Ériu iii 150 § 1. ¤chenn female ruler: (of B.V.M.) tú bain-cheann brogha nimhe, A. Ó Dálaigh xi 5. ¤chimbid female captive: co mbanchimidh lais i n-ergabhail, Anecd. ii 12.15 . ¤chlíamain female relative-in-law: a bhainchlíamhuin Sárai bean a mhic Abram = daughter in law, Gen. xi 31. go ma malluigh an té luighios léna bhainchlíamhuin = mother in law, Deuteronomy xxvii 23. ¤choairt female land-holder: b.¤ mnā, ZCP vii 300.2 . ¤choic female cook: bancoig gl. presena (sic), Ir. Gl. 247. atgnīed cach b.¤ dībh a būaraigh, ZCP vii 300.9 . ¤choimdiu female ruler, mistress, lady: inna banchoimded gl. dominatricis, Ml. 84c4 . isin banchoimdid gl. in domina, 129c7 . ¤choimétaid ( ¤aige) female guardian, custodian: a bhuime ┐ a bhancoimedaidhe, BNnÉ 192 § 9.5 . banchoimedaith do chiraib ┐ do clioirib `keeper of . . . combs and caskets', Dinds. 80. See banchola. ¤chomairlid female adviser; woman councillor: banflatha ┐ banchomairlighe, Anecd. ii 64.7 . ¤chomarba heiress (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 103 f .) glossing be togai: .i. b.¤ las-mbi fer for bantinchur, Ir. Recht 8 § 9. female coarb, successor (as head of religious community): bancomurba Brighdi, RC xviii 31.30 . ¤chorr female heron: in b.¤ , Triads 237 . ¤chró: lánéraic a mb.¤ of their female stock, Cáin Ad. 29. ¤chú bitch: ba banc[h]ú tra in t-orci ┐ ba torrach, Corm. Y 883.39 . b.¤chuire woman-troop: cichit biet b.¤chuire, Études Celt. xv 539 . ¤chumal bondwoman: b.¤ dit muntir atamchomnaic, LL 7749 ( TBC-LL¹ 219 ). ro gonais cride . . . do banchumale fen, LB 233a58 .

¤dálem waitress: b.¤ gl. caupona, Sg. 63a3 (see Études Celt. xi 128 ). ¤dalta: ónmid b.¤ doib a female ward, ZCP viii 308.31 . ¤dechon see dechon. ¤día goddess: Brigit . . . bandēa no adratis filid . . . eam deam uocant poetarum , Corm. Y 150. bándǽ iffirnn gl. Parcas, Sg. 53b1 . Ceres bandea hetho, 60a4 . bandia Cimodocia `the goddess Cymodoce', Aen. 2410. a meic na baindea, 2411 . ¤deiscipul female disciple: doronai Patraic combo bandescipul dó, Trip. 178.11 . ¤delb: nói mbain-delba (-delbda, (mná) remhra, v.ll.) dluth-chóema `nine female forms', Metr. Dinds. ii 28.4 . ¤deoraid woman-stranger, woman outsider: cumad miach sliged do bandeoraidh, Laws ii 390.26 Comm . Fig. (of a flag) bratach mheic éachtaigh Eoghain / minic bhíos n-a baindeoraidh, DDána 85.7 . ¤dialt feminine declension, Auraic. 1830. ¤druí druidess; female skilled in magic arts: tri ferdruid ┐ tri bandrúid, TBC-LL¹ 2402 = dī (leg. tri) drúid insin ┐ a teóra mná, TBC-I¹ 1767. bandrai ┐ bancumachtach mē, ZCP xii 252.14 . a mhaca na bandrúagh = of the sorceress, Isaiah lvii 3.

¤ech mare: (description of a camel) anmann iongantach . . . ionsamhail bhaineich, AFM iv 1080.11 . ¤echlach female horse-messenger: cuiris E. a baineachlach arcend Meadba co Cruachain `female messenger', Ériu ii 178.20 . ¤écht: ni dernnsat banechta ban `have never committed woman-slaughter', MR 212.9 . gan bainéacht do dhéanamh lé `not to slay a woman with it' (one of three `geasa' on a spear), Keat. ii 4389. ¤éices poetess: baneices, LL 1110. ¤én hen bird: ise in mintan cid banen (i.e. the word `mintan' is masc. though it denotes a female bird), Auraic. 541. ¤ernastaid female spouse, wife: (in spiritual sense of Christ and the Church) in fáilte fil do'nd ernastaid spirutalda i n-a mb.¤ , PH 3987. ba sí síur ind Oedha roba bainernustaidh don tí Niall `Hugh's sister was N.'s wife', Hugh Roe 252.2 . ¤esba woman's wantonness: condot ellat / eter briga banespa, LU 3525 ( SCC 28 ).

¤ḟáith, ¤ḟáid woman seer, prophetess: a Feidélm banḟaith co acci in slúag?, LU 4530 ( TBC-I¹ 43 ). Feidelm banḟáid . . . atamchomnaicse, LL 7750. M. bhanfháigh, Exodus xv 20. ¤ḟéinnid woman warrior, amazon: N. . . . ro bith and la hE. mbanfeinded `E. the championess', Dinds. 105. na banḟéndi, TTr.² 1698 . ¤ḟeis(s) see banais. ¤ḟigige woman weaver: bacan na bainfighidh, BNnÉ 191.4 . ¤ḟili poetess: Fedelm banfili do Chonnachtaib mo ainmsea, LU 4525 (TBC). Quies Huallaige . . . banḟile Herend, Ann. Inisf. 934. ¤ḟlaith princess, sovereign lady: banflaith .i. ben . . . amal Meidb Cruachna, Ir. Recht 4 § 1. iar nairdbiu inna banflatha sin gl. Athalia, `queen', Ml. 14a2 . ¤ḟuine baking, kneading done for a woman hence (in opp. to fer-ḟuine) baking of a smaller size, quantity or measure: ceitheora bairgena fichet do banfuine, ZCP xiv 356.7 .

¤gaiscedach female champion: banghaisgedach do mhuinn- tir Ghuill, ML² 412. ¤gal woman's feat of arms: b.¤ (sic leg., ed.) banuallach and-so ale, TBC-LL¹ 4312 ( LL 11116 ). ¤galgat female champion: for slicht na bangalgaite, Airne F. 29. ¤geis: nā gabaidh na baingesa let them not touch forbidden things (i.e. have dealings with a woman), ZCP xii 394.4 . ¤gíall female hostage: (of Mary) ba bangīall (sic leg.: Gabhrīal) Rīgh in rīchidh, ZCP viii 562 § 3. ¤glór: tuath-bhanglór tásclabartha troch `perverse woman-like talk', MR 294.21 . ¤gním: do chuaidh b.¤ tar fergním ag C. the action of a female overcame C.'s action of a male, Comp. CC 116.13 . With 1 grád female rank: teora cumhala cach bangradh do neach is ingen graidh sechta, O'D. 2397 ( Rawl. B 506, 49 ). With 2 grád love for a woman: laigi fri b.¤ , LU 3590 ( SCC 30 ). ¤grés woman's work, needlework; in comic name: Brecan mac Bangresa, Anecd. ii 55.15 . Cf. baingrésach, Acall. 5537 v.l. ¤Gúaire female counterpart of G.: a bhanGhuaire Chláir Chormaic, Dánta Gr. 16.24 .

¤impir empress: do chúala in bhainimpir sin .i. Saphia, ZCP xiii 181.27 . ¤inne women's mind, intuition (?): tic b.¤ don banmíl, LL 375a43 . ¤insce, ¤innsgne feminine gender: gach banindsci, Corm. Y 1219. ferinnsci ┐ banninsci (banindsge, 3024 YBL) . . . lasin nGaidel .i. mascul ┐ femen . . . lasin Laitneoir, Auraic. 521. gobhar gabhar . . . indscne bainindsci innta they take a feminine pronoun, IGT Decl. § 17.23 (usually contracted to b.¤ ).

¤ auspicious day for women: trí banlae: lúan, mairt, cétaín, Triads 216 . Cf. trí ferlae, 217 . ¤leiccerd, ¤lethcerd poetess (see leiccerd): Etan ingen Dīancēcht, banlethcerd ( bannlicerd, Corm. 37 ), Corm. Y 537 . Cf. -éices supra. do Sampait . . . buachail dī ┐ banlicerd isen, BB 393a46 ( Dinds. 86 ). Cf. (of S.) sech ba bard, ba ban-búachail, Metr. Dinds. iv 22.20 . co comfarnaic frie Gris banliccerd ingen Ricisi, BB 368a25 . ¤lennán mistress: at banlendan ┐ at menmarc fer n-domain uli, LU 8237 ( FB 18 ). a baínleandan ┐ a mnai cuínnceda, BB 442b4 . luidh i riocht bain-leandain Conoinn, Leb. Gab.(i) 82.6 . ¤léo, léoman lioness: banleu, Études Celt. xi 125. fer-léo ┐ bain-leo, BNnÉ 84 § 171 . dealbh bhainleomhain, Keat. iii 2002. ¤liaig woman physician, leech; A. b.¤ (daughter of Dian Cécht), LL 1110.

¤mac(c), ¤mac(c)án female infant, a girl-child (see O'Rahilly, Ériu ix 16 ff .): it brestai in bainmaicc `the woman-children', Fél. July 20 . intan asberar ise (= is é) in banmhac-sa (of a masc. noun used for a female), Auraic. 531. Lende banmac ben ba Tuathail / . . . / Báne a hainm, LL 4888. dia mbad missi in banmacan, / nocechrainn cach faelmacan, Auraic. 533 (= banmacam, 3163 ). ¤máer: banmhaor . . . ag tabach na cána soin seachnóin Éireann `a female steward', Keat. i 182.3 . ¤maigister: ingena . . . ┐ do bí banmaighister accu `a governess', Fier. 93. ¤mug bondwoman: cride . . . do ban- chumale fen ┐ do banmogad, LB 233a58 . caoca fermhogh ┐ caoca banmhogh, BS 104.31 .

¤náma(e) female enemy: bannamae gl. inimica, Ml. 26a4 . a bannámu diabuil, PH 8327. ¤noéb(-m) holy woman, female saint: sarucchadh na bannaoimhe, AFM v 1668.7 . ag naomh nó ag bannaomh, TSh. 1048.

¤óclach: go léigfeadh . . . gach uile dhuine a bhanóglach sáor = maidservant , Jeremiah xxxiv 9. amhail banóglaoich, Keat. ii 4699. ¤óg virgin , BNnÉ 189 § 38 . ro tuirn ar mullach cinn na banóighi 'alighted on top of the virgin's head', Ev.Inf. (LFF) 187 § 37 . do-ṡaoileadar . . . gur loisgeadh an banoigh ionrac, Ériu v 76.30 . tar an mbanoigh, 32 . ¤oígi: banoegi (banogi, MS.) `female guest', Sg. 66a15 . ¤othrus: annsom i mbrithemnacht otrusa la Fēne banotrus `nursing of women', BCrólige 30 .

¤rechtaire: rechtairi ┐ banrechtairi . . . ic dáil dóib side ` stewardesses ', Ériu iv 124.19 . dís bhanrachtaireadha `two dairymaids', ITS xvi 118.1 . ¤ríga(i)n queen: is si robad banrígan in chóicid uli, LU 8259 ( FB 20 ). inghean rígh thír na mbéo / is bainríoghain fós, Oss. iv 250.10 . ¤rígnacht queenship: b.¤ úas bantrocht, LU 8231 ( FB 17 ). ? ¤rothán: banrothan (: ¤ṡrothán ?) (name of a metrical stanza), IT iii 101 § 181. -rún: ni dat maithe banrúna, IT i 123.18 . ( TE 9 Eg.)

¤ṡáer: bansaer `a woman wright', BCrólige 32 . -ṡacart priestess: bansagart Iunaindi iside, Aen. 1673. ¤ṡégonn, ¤ṡégainn a distinguished, accomplished lady; consort of a ségainn: manad-fuil . . . nac mbainsedoind lib-si nad gubansedonn (Find asks Cormac for a bride), ZCP xiii 268.19 . cach rí cona rígain, . . . cach ségaind cona banshégaind, MU² 198 . ¤ṡéitig ( ¤ṡéitche) wife: is ecoir do sailisi misi d'fhaghail do bainseitci `as wife', ZCP vi 26.22 . ¤ṡelgaire huntress: i ndelb bansealgairi (viz. Venus), Aen. 293. ¤ṡenchas history, traditions of (celebrated) women: b., buidne, bága (recited at the Fair of Carmun), Metr. Dinds. iii 20.15 . bainṡenchas Erind anso siss, BB 282a11 (title. See RC xlvii 282 ). Leabhar Bainseanchuis, Keat. i 80.5 . ¤tṡeomratóir, ¤ṡeomróir female chamberlain: do goir cuice a bainseomróir (bantṡeomradoír, v.l.), Fier. 92. ¤ṡídaige female dweller in a síd, fairy woman: is é dochoid in n-ectra . . . re Náir b.¤ , LL 2898. conid si aided Moingfinde bansidaige `so this is the death of M. the Banshee', RC xxiv 178.18 . ¤ṡlecht: co hAth mbannslechta to the Ford of Woman-Slaughter, Ériu v 212 n. 92 - 96 .

¤tairchetlaid prophetess: bantaircetlaid Críst (said of St. Brigit), Lism. L. 1704 . ¤tairngertaid prophetess: is hī seo bantairrngertaig Chrīst, ZCP xii 293.31 . ¤tairismid: banterismid gl. obstetrix, Sg. 69a18 . bantairsi (leg. tairismidi?), Lism. L. 1201. ¤tellach: techta cach banteallaig `every woman's entry', Laws iv 8.22 . dethbir in baintellaigh ┐ in feartellaigh .i. anus dechmuide dfir anus cethruime do mnaoi, 14.22 Comm. ¤teolaid see teolaid. ¤tigerna lady; mistress; female ruler: b.¤ Clainni Connmaig re linn tri tigerna `Lady of Clanconway' (first as wife and then as Dowager, n. 3), Ann. Conn. 1411.30 . dobudh baintighearna dhó féin (the soul) that was his (i.e. the body's) own mistress, TSh. 9678. an sólās do bhí ar ar mbaintighearna ghlórmuir (viz. Muire), Parrth. Anma 3792. uinge dor ag an mBaintiagarnain . . . a neaghmais amantuir Tiarna; ┐ tri huinge san mbliaghain do chios Bantiarnain . . . a neaghmais, etc. `Lady's rent', Trans. RIA xv 43.z , 44.2 . ¤tinchor the property brought by a woman on marrying: fer for bantincur, Laws ii 356.7 . acht do bithsiu ar bantincur mnaa supported by a woman, LL 7558. ¤tindnacul = prec. ? fer ratchuir ar bantidnacul mna who has made you dependent on a woman's bounty, LL 12250 ( TBC-LL¹ 5998 ). ¤toísech: bantaisech ingenraid[e] na Cruachnai ` chieftainess ', Dinds. 80. ¤trebthach see baintrebthach. ¤túath: ag na bantuathaibh seo bhádar an dá ríoghdhámh `noble females', Keat. i 218.16 . ¤túathaid (supernatural) woman with magic power: ar ba cumachtach sidhe ┐ bantuathaíd cen bai a colaind, BB 264a7 ( SG 332.9 ). ¤tuilg (a d s.) applied (? only) to wife, consort of a briugu: (of Feast of Tara) ni teded dia hol . . . brudidh gin bantuilg leis, ZCP xiii 260.14 . briuga cin bantuilcc, 268.13 . cach briugu cona bantuilg each hospitaller with his consort, MU² 196.

¤úa female descendant: ag banua Iarla Uladh, DDána 99.10 . banua niece Plunkett s.v. neptis , Celtica xix 138 .

With adjj. derived from nouns: ¤éccoscda of womanly kind, form: onni as feminina, femina .i. banda no banecoscda, Auraic. 612. ¤gnéthech(-ach): bangnethach no bangnimach `of womanly activities', Auraic. 612. ¤úallach: (of a woman's feat of arms) bangal (sic leg., ed.) banuallach and-so ale, TBC-LL¹ 4312 ( LL 11116 ). As subst. ¤áirgech milkmaid: an bhanairgheach, BS 177.27 . ar na cocairibh ┐ banairghibh `dairy-maids', Rule of Tallaght 8.12 . ¤bachlach gl. leno, Sg. 52a5 . pn As epithet: ¤Bretnach British woman, Anecd. iii 57.6 . ¤cháintech female satirist: bancháinteach Chonchubhair da ngairthí Leabharcham, Keat. ii 2952. ¤chumachtach woman possessing magic power: Cáoineocc ban-cumachtach sithe `a fairy witch', BNnÉ 151.33 . (epithet of Venus) imthusa Beniri banchumachtaighi, TTebe 1046 . ¤grésach (1 grés): baingrésach, Acall. 5537 v.l. ¤Laignech Leinster-woman: ropo beoda in b.¤ , Rawl. 87a35 . ¤túaithech witch, wise woman: bantuathecha (sic, bantuatha, banthuach, v.ll.) Tuathe de Danand, LL 16545. woman of Túatha Dé Danand: .iii. híngeana Earnmhais na banthuathaíghe, BB 33a38 . Be Chuille ┐ Dianand na dí bantuathig, LL 1112. Badb ┐ Macha ┐ Anand . . . tri ingena Ernbais na bantuathige, 1121 . female chief: ionann . . . tuathach ┐ tighearna . . . do beirthear dá bhantuathaigh ar Bheuchuill ┐ ar Dhanainn, do bhí 'na mbaintighearnaibh aca, Keat. i 214.25 .

Rarely with form ben-. ¤Ebrach: mas eabhrach nó air beineabhrach = Hebrewess, Jeremiah xxxiv 9. ¤gág wrinkled woman, hag: a bh.¤ , BS 86.28 . ¤geilt madwoman: co ttarla bengheilt dó ann, BS 108.6 . ¤impire empress: Henri mac na Beinimpire, Mart. Don. xxix 29.

See banais, banaltra, bantrocht, banscál.

2 búal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 búal or dil.ie/7256

 

n (same wd. as prec.) expld. as cure, curing: bual .i. leighis, ut est: luigh Cú Chulainn dia bhual isin uisci, Ériu xiii 76 § 198. buall .i. leighes, [ut est] luidh Cúchulainn dia buall, etc. `healing . . . C. went to cure himself', etc., O'Dav. 333.

1 caíne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 caíne or dil.ie/7821

 

n , f. (1 caín)

(a) gentleness, pleasantness, beauty : ara caini ón gl. erit memorabile, Ml. 90b1 . inna caine sainredchae gl. elegantiae singularis, 37b10 . ní ho mud neirt nó chaine `it is not from the fashion of strength or beauty', 16 . cáine amre lasin mBran `B. deems it a marvellous beauty', Imr. Brain 33 . co na ch.¤ cona dene (of the south of Ireland), LL 16108 ( Todd Nenn. 252.12 ). cáine nuachair, TBC-LL¹ 3092 = cāime nūachair, TBC-I¹ 2283 . doronsad caine comraidh re ceile pleasant conversation, KMMisc. 317.13 . triar coemdos co caene (of saints), Gorm. Nov. 17 . ré caoine a sheanma the beauty of his playing, Studies 1920, 99 § 12 . réd shíol do chuir ar gcaoine / guin do thaoibhe, a ghríobh Gháille the wounding of your body has caused us to be gentle to your seed, RC xlix 170 § 14 . ina féil cháoine, Bard. Synt. Tr. 18.5 `a joyous feast', p. 143 . In special use with follg. gen. cāine airt `ein herrliches Bär', Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 27 § 1 . cáine tíre adamri, Imr. Brain 11 . tucad cáine bíd dóib (do roignib gacha bidh, v.l.) the best of food, TBC-LL¹ 115 . cāine flathu `fairest princes', K. and H. 18 . c.¤ drenn see 3 drenn. In chevilles: caini gnima, SR 4097 . cáine étatho, Imr. Brain 13 . cáine sretha, ZCP viii 108.7 .

(b) diversion, game, amusement : to luidh Mac A. . . . / ingnuis a ch.¤ , Blathm. 92 § 8 . caine maic ind righ, 92 § 10 . anat dina cuínib co fodailter dóib, TBFr. 144 . Ironically in: ní mellach a c[h]aíne do-gní (of an attacking enemy), MU² 1020 .

? ni cóir ríg cóel caíni tria rind umae báis berair, LU 5446 (rhet.).

cían

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cían or dil.ie/9003
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cén, cíana, cíana, chíana, ciana, cían, céin, céin, géin

Arch. cén ( Ériu ix 48 § 23 , xvi 146.7 below). The follg. may contain a by-form cíana: ed cíana , Harl. 5280, 42b (cited Meyer Contribb.), TTr.² 499 , hi tir chíana , Trip.² 1438 , if not attrib. gen. of the abstract cíana, q.v. Cf. also cu ciana , LL 13576 ( Irish Texts i 33.10 .).

I As adj. o, ā long, enduring; far, distant : c.¤ .i. fada, O'Cl. Attrib. of time: ho etartetarcur cián `at a long interval', Ml. 88d13 . sechmadachta ṅ-ocus ┐ c.¤ , Thes. ii 229.26 . fri ed cián for a long time, TBC-LL¹ 1846 . íar n-aimseraib cíanaib, Imr. Brain 17.12 . ra charusa in laech út uair chéin for a long time, TBC-LL¹ 4560 . loc dam-sa . . . co hūair chéin, ZCP viii 312.2 . tri rei ciana `for a long time', Ml. 90d14 . iar reib cianaib, Ériu xvi 36.5 . dolodar . . . filid . . . riab cianaib iarsna gnimaib-sea (`a little time'), Auraic. 149 = reib chianaiph, 2452 . roan . . . fri ré ciana = multis diebus, Lat. Lives 4.9 . bui iarum imale fri Fergus re ciana, Ériu xvi 37 § 1 . fria rē ciana, Grail 629 . bai cocad mor etarro fri re ciana iarsin, RC xxiv 186.9 . le headh gcian, Aithd. D. 52.5 .

Of place: i crīchaib cīanaib, ACL iii 224.20 . adclos ua na (fana v.l.) crichaib ciana comaidchi, TTebe 694 . écndairc cian ut ille gl. absenti, Sg. 138a2 . i cendachaib cianaib in domain, PH 5500 . tancatar a tirib ciana, 5497 .

Of persons: Colmān cian of yore, Corp. Gen. 126.2 . Conán máol coinntinneach c.¤ `wearisome (?)', Duan. F. ii 258 § 37 . Corpre comramach c.¤ (: fírian), LL 15741 . Nial c.¤ Caille `old', Arch. Hib. ii 61 § 42 .

Other applications: ce beo i tairisium chian, Airne F. 138 . gidh céim c.¤ , BS 120.15 . faghail chian distant, Magauran 4396 . in cú ch.¤ (: níad), LL 29333 .

Predic. with copula, usually long (of time): ni ba cián ṁbete oca cloinib, Ml. 28a10 . nipi c.¤ a masse in choirp lasting , Wb. 28c25 . ni ba cian mbias in pecthach, Ml. 56c22 . ni ba cián ṁbete and, 66d14 . is cián arfolmas dún in sin, Wb. 21a2 . as cian do rairngredh, Blathm. 127 . is cian bus cuman, TE 9 (Eg.). domun dīan / cia bether fair nī ba cīan, ZCP vii 498.5 . cian bhus bladh, Aithd. D. 21.36 . as cian ata an sean-fhocal, MR 286.21 . Of space: is c.¤ etarru `far', Ml. 119d10 . im fochróib bá c.¤ `whether at hand or afar', Sg. 151b2 . ré nách c.¤ , LU 1992 ( FA 6 ).

In phrases. is c.¤ co it is long till (freq. with neg. shortly, soon): niba ch.¤ (leg. c.¤ ? Edd.) cu forcenn á saiguil gl. instare tempus, Ml. 56d7 . níbí cian conid apail, 91d2 . mad c.¤ co tari a fobdhub if it is not immersed quickly (a spear), BDD² 1237 . nirbo chian co toracht C.C. in sligid cetna, LU 8530 ( FB 39 ). nir-bo chian do Chonchobor . . . co facca, CRR 11 . ní cian . . . co teccema frit-sa é, Grail 2665 . Note also: nir cian d'Ercuil . . . in tan nocunnuic in rí E. soon saw, Stair Erc. 463 .

is c.¤ ó it is long since, far from. Of time: is c.¤ ós accobor lemm far ríchtu I have long wished to come to you, Wb. 7a3 . is cian . . . o rot carus, Grail 2359 . robo cian o nach facca-som iad, 1550 . mairg nach cian ó dchualabhair, Content. xi 4 . cian ód cualadh, Keat. Poems 1357 .

Of place: ni cian huaib imbíat `not far from you where they are', Mon. Tall. 151.9 . ni c.¤ úait here he is, IT i 71.20 . is c.¤ uait . . . airm in-das-fil, TBC-LL¹ 884 .

In disjunctive phrases with gar: cid c.¤ cid gair gl. quanto tempore, Wb. 3c5 . cēn gair cech fān imthéit lēn `sooner or later every wanderer comes to grief', Ériu ix 48.23 . cian gar dom beith it ingnais `whether I be a long or short while away from thee', LL i p. xvi 11 . c.¤ garit co bráth, 307a8 ( SG 386.18 ). gēr c[h]ian gar, ML² 156 . As quasi-conjunction however long, as long as, while : cián gar ro batar for innuropair sin, TBC-LL¹ 2038 . cien goirit boi C. ig a díchur dhe, 2302 . co na baoí tesbhaidh neith . . . cian gairitt battar hisuidhe, AFM vi 2276. 11 . cid c.¤ gairit ro bás . . . atrochair . . . , Acall. 4736 . cian gar co toirset nóim ind until (?), 2673 (cid cian gairit no co tí, v.l.). See 1 gar.

With prep. LA: rochīan limsa anad fri sodain I am not prepared to wait that long, TBC-I¹ 375 = c.¤ lim-sa di shodain, TBC-LL¹ 881 . ba cian lasin righ boi an t-ara tall, BNnÉ 323 § 33 . cian lem . . . / tren tucc fa toirrsi m'aignedh it grieves me(?), 254.21 . fada ar saoghal d'éis na bhFian / ní cneasta ná badh cian linn if I did not find it tedious, Measgra D. 71.22 . cíen liom 's ní ar a ghrádh `I long for', Duan. F. ii 162 § 28 . Note also: is c.¤ dúni beith acot irnaidi, TBC-LL¹ 991 .

Adv.: in ch.¤ gl. diu, Ml. 38b4 . Cf. níbu in c.¤ (níbuncían, MS.) riam gl. non multo ante, 32b17 . ro clos cian son a garma `far', Thes. ii 312.16 (Hy. ii) glossed: fo Herinn. co c.¤ dar éis na haband `till long after', Metr. Dinds. iii 168.20 . co cíen `continuously', Ériu xix 10 § 5 . iar tochaithem a bethad dó . . . co cian i fhechtnaigi, PH 4296 .

II As subst. ā, f. (elliptical for ré c.¤ , Zimmer KZ xxx 26 - 27 ). a long time, period : triasna cíana cotaislia .i. trisin ré cian, LU 985 - 6 ( ACC 90 ). is cian mór ó 'tbaltsa, 9496 . baoi cian d'aimsir ag coimhmeasgadh flaithis na Rómha `a length of time', Keat. i 226.19 . mainistear . . . do bhí cádhasach cian d'aimsir, iii 1345 . In: re cian do bhliaghnuibh, Párl. na mB. 390 and re cian d'aimsir, Parrth. Anma 6000 re (see 1 ré) may be noun and cían adj. le cianaibh for ages, Hackett² 21.15 . Of distance: is c.¤ do thír már do muir / eturru is Imlech Ibair, ZCP viii 327.36 . In cheville: céin n-gle `temps glorieux', RC xvii 282 § 6 .

In a variety of adv. phrases. Without prep. (cach la céin) . . . in céin n-aili: cach la céin aisndís dia throgai in céin n-aili aisndis dind fortacht durat Dia do at one time . . . at another, Ml. 40b8 . in céin n-aili `at another time', Sg. 8a9 . in céin n-aili gl. nunc, Ml. 39d12 . Cuaird Comgi Michíl, Cuaird Comgi Muire a n-ainm laisim i cen n-ale (of Hymn to Michael and Hymn to Mary) `respectively', Mon. Tall. 137.20 . Note also: dī-cechlacēin is diultad, alaill is aidbliugud, Corm. Y 418 . nach céin (with neg. vb.) any long while: arna bether ocu nach cein, Mon. Tall. 164.17 (§ 89) . ní beind nach céin i ndamnad, KMMisc. 212.11 . See also 1 nach. Various: atat connarc cein `long ago', Blathm. 102 § 38 (if not céin = féin, cf. tá chéin, for M. Milscothach silence a while(?), BDD² 447 ). is cīan mór hūadh ō dac[h]ótar mo chíghi-si i ndīsca, Cáin Ad. 8 . cian mór uadh `long ago', CCath. 4067 . ro-haidnaiced is cian uad `long ago', PH 657 . do foillsighed dó c.¤ suil do thicfed long before he was due, BNnÉ 328.22 .

For céin mair (with céin used as preverb, GOI 241 ) see maraid. Note further: cein do mhair, Blathm. 207 and n. to 825 . canais moir, 34 , see n. to 133 . can mair in clercin `long life to the little cleric', Ériu v 236.74 . cēnmair Ulltaib, TBC-I¹ 3424 = bochin Ultu, TBC-LL¹ 5748 . bo chinmaír rissa ṅ-gebat, 5707 = cen mair, TBC St. 4709 . Cf. nī gcēinmair doraa an māin (.i. ní mogenar dochonnaic an eladha), ZCP v 488 § 7 (B. na f.). céin mair seems to have influenced céin móir in later language occasionally giving céin máir (see below).

With CO: co céin móir for a long time, LU 5230 ( TBC-I¹ 752 ).

With DI from of yore, long; from afar : ba di chein `from of yore', Blathm. 98 . do-arrchet di chéin no mbiad adrad dǽ la genti gl. sicut scriptum est, Wb. 6d8 . o Adam co dilind dein / in chet-aimser daib dichen, Lec. 30 vb10 . is do chéin gid so afar, TBC-LL¹ 4689 . can dodeachaig? . . . ní do chein, YBL 174a40 . boi . . . Petur i cómitecht Ísu do chéin, PH 3135 . do chéin mair anall, 7046 (see céin mair above). do ch.¤ nó do c[h]omhfhogus `from far or near', Duan. F. ii 62 § 12 . Also in pl.: robadar cethtri cridiscél liom-sæ de chianaib `I have long had four darling wishes', Mon. Tall. 136.20 . As quasi-adj.: sen-briathar do chéin `from of old', Celtica iv 10.41 . Tuatha De Danann dochein, Lec. 58a10 = BB 31a41 . ar ṡeirc ind óclaích . . . di chéin, LL 31153 ( TTr. 336 ).

With ÍAR: in chaingnímai aili is iar ceín rofinnatar after some time, Wb. 29a30 . iar cein, PH 1024 . iar cein shortly, Aisl. Tond. 105 § 3 . íar cēin móir, BColm. 70.18 . iar ccein máir iarsin, BNnÉ 90.24 (see céin mair above). iar ceín mair, BB 18a49 . iar sin iar cenmair, Ériu viii 174.33 . iar cen mair do Th. . . . co faca, Aisl. Tond. 106 § 5 . ier cēin mhāir `a long time ago', Fl. Earls 208.30 . Note also: cu-du-boing cein (.i. iar cein) comarba curu, Bürgschaft 21.4 (for féin ?).

With I N-. For variety of forms cf. rachad a ccéin ┐ a ccíana ┐ a ccíanuibh, Bard. Synt. Tr. 26.19 . indtan noteigdis i céin `when they went a long distance', Mon. Tall. 129.21 . taig drochcarad hi céin (proverbial saying), BDD² 58 . fer bis a cein, Anecd. i 15.1 ( SCano 501 ). dā ndeachaid Congal a ccéin, ZCP viii 109.1 . seisrech . . . a toigheacht a gcianaibh cuige, BNnÉ 186.26 . i gcéin 's i ngar, 51.14 . Note also: rolaus cian i cein / ardo charait i mbrón, LL 18615 . As quasi-adj.: créd agaibh aoidhigh a gcéin `from afar', Studies 1924, 241 § 1 . Rarely of time: ní tualaing ionchoisiod i ccéin i gcuimhne for long, Ériu xiii 29.11 . With ocus: imb i céin fa i n-accus beo-sa, Wb. 23b41 . i ceín ┐ i n-ocus, Thes. ii 356.20 (Hy. vii). cid i cein, cid a focus, Laws i 240.17 Comm.

With ó. ó chéin from of old, long ago : iarsindi ro-n-an hua céin di aisndis dun popul gl. tam longum `after he had ceased a while', Ml. 126b1 . F . . . . atbath ó céin, Trip.² 1513 `long ago', Trip. 133 . is mé ro baeglaiged ó chéin, LU 3921 ( SCC 44 ). Bretain o chéin rodochumdaigset the B. had built it long before, Anecd. iii 70.2 . ós é sin ó chéin ar nós `our ancient custom', Content. xxviii 71 . [Críst] roncuinnig ō chēin chain, ZCP iii 18.27 . o chein mair anall, PH 3422 . ó chíanaibh just now, lately, already: fotdāilfind a nilparttib ō chīanaib acht nīpad Fergus (C.C. to Etarcomal), TBC-I¹ 1198 . mac na trí curad at-rubart a (= ó) chíanaib, MU² 679 . ticbatis Herind o chianaib they would have reached Ireland a while ago, Snedg. u. Mac R 13.9 . leis an íairmbérla adubhart ó chíanuibh just now, IGT Introd. 30.18 . Used as quasi-adj. recent, just mentioned : int urchar o chianaib `the cast just now', TTebe 2087 . is don drochgaidhilg o c[h]ianaibh é above mentioned(?), IGT Metr. Faults287 § 130 . gach re cuidechta a cianaib every other company mentioned, BCC 384.21 .

As n. pr. m. tochomladh Céin a Caisil, Anecd. ii 46.18 . See also Corp. Gen.

III As conjunction

(a) (in) céin (later also i céin , géin ), céine (for) as long as, since, when . Folld. by nasalizing rel. clause in O. Ir. (see GOI 553 ) and in later language also with follg. rel. clause (see Duan. F. iii 44 n.l . ). cein mbith oc ic, Blathm. 39 . cein ba dibh amhatair `since His mother was of them', 103 . ceín rongabus i carcair `so long as I am in prison', Wb. 23b18 . cene ṁ bether in hac uita , Ml. 107d8 . cene conmesarsa olseseom ┐ céne connoither mo thimnasa `as long as I shall give rules . . . and as long as my injunctions are observed', Mon. Tall. 129.29 . cen bai Cormac beo, Ériu xvi 84.101 . céne (cean a, MS.) forcomédaidh fírinni, 65.21 . céin mbete i llucc irnaigdi / céne mbess coic fíal findbalc, iii 104 § 34 . i céin ra búi seom aice-sain, TBC-LL¹ 2956 = an ccein, TBC St. 2564 . hi céin bae Issau ic triall dont ṡeilcg, Celtica iv 8.20 . in cen bes coir dib, Laws i 136.10 Comm. i céin raibh nemh is talamh while heaven and earth last, BNnÉ 314 § 8 . in cein do bas arin cuirt `while this assembly was in session', Ann. Conn. 1228.5 . in gein ronbuí 'na bethaidh, Duan. F. i 55.8 (`a pseudo-archaism', iii 44). géin bhus beo, Content. ii 42 . ? Cf. cen bad buidech, Metr. Dinds. iii 192.35 (leg. céin, Corrig.).

(b) céin co until: cein conid ris `till I reach him', Blathm. 102 § 42 . an frim céin córda sille, LU 3807 ( SCC 37 ). céin co tí . . . don chath, 5872 ( TBC-I¹ 1403 ).? ní béra demon díb nech / cen corop (leg. cor'p) óg nó aithrigech `while they are perfect', BColm. 52.7 . céin co n-ebar in fín nua imalle frib (words of Christ at Last Supper), PH 2995 . céin go dtarrastair .i. no go dtarla, O'Cl. gen gar muig rempu till they won the victory, BNnÉ 310.12 . Exceptionally with art.: in céin co roiscc in ceilebrad, Grail 1790 , ? Cf. cen co tola, Fing. R. 181 (see n.).

COMPDS. With nouns: iar ccianaois, AFM ii 640.12 . cienaimser ria n-a thōgbāil, Fl. Earls 110.15 . a chisde na gcianbhann lúidh (to a prince), DDána 79.27 `O thou who art skilled in the old valour feats', Ir. Monthly 1921, 247 . ? Colla Uais uas chianbla chain, LL 15753 . tochombaig Ciannacht cianbruige, Laws iv 8.17 `C. has recovered distant lands', Celtica vi 227.5 . i cind chían-chóicthigis, TBC-LL¹ 2050 (as two words LL 9331 and so also at 22815 ). ní ro chumaingsiot a chianchosnamh fris in lion sloigh, AFM vi 2026.9 . bud fata bas chianchuman, LL 7822 ( TBC-LL¹ 294 ). co crich cinnte . . . cein-eisergi caich, MR 264.5 . a gcáoile ┐ a ccíaneitche, Ériu v 80.12 . hí cíanfoccus at some little distance, BDD² 626 . dála . . . catha chianfhoghla, DDána 83.8 . clogat . . . cianḟulaing, MR xiv 21 . ar gcabhra i gciainimneadh, Aithd. D. 76.8 . cichsot cēnmuir `shall advance to the distant sea', Ériu xvi 146.7 .

With adjj.: isin set cianfotta, BB 240b15 . tellach dá dechmad / cíanramar `long and solid(?)', Celtica vi 221. 11 ( Laws iv 4.18 ) = cennramar, O'Curry 846 ( H 3.18, 384b ). With adjj. derived from nouns: seanoir cianaosda, MR 42.6 . sein leabar cianáosta, Gorm. p. xviii . a chloidhiomh . . . cianainignech destroying far and wide, MR xiv 24 . clanna cianairgnecha Cuirc, Caithr. CC 81 . do Macc cían clothach `far-renowned', BDD 157 . rosc corrglas cianradarcach, BB 427a36 . níor bhó cianṡaoghlach somh iar ngairm tighearna de, AFM vi 1996.9 . do bhuidhin chuirthe ciainsiublaigh, AFM vi 2318.7 . deaghmhac cian-teasdach Conchubhair far-famed, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 177.w . an chloch cian tuinigte `enormous', AFM vi 2012.11 . ben bhocht chumhthach chíantuirseach, Ériu v 80.5 .

cimas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cimas or dil.ie/9088

 

n ā, f. edge, border, limit : cimhas f., IGT Decl. § 37 . ciumhais, oire, imeal, buinne, Eg. Gl. 120 . brae .i. cilium .i. ciumais in brae, Lib. Hymn. 10 gl. 54 . corrthar .i. ciumus, O'Dav. 579 .

(a) Of clothes dress-fringe, hem : in cimais gl. oram (uestimenti), Ml. 137d3 . inar find co cimais duib, Cáin Ad. 24 . brat . . . cona chimais or-shnáith, YBL 318a2 ( Aided M. 871 ). fria cimais cochaill Áróin, LB 121bx . cimus alaind ordha a[c] comdrud a edaig, TTebe 3739 . ionar . . . / co cciomhsaibh arccait is óir, ZCP viii 220.6 . no gur lomais fam lámhaibh / id chiomhsaibh, a chompánaigh (to an old cloak), Ir. Review 1912, 378 § 2 . Of ornaments of battle-dress: a uathroic srebnaide . . . cona cimais do banór, LU 6421 = TBC-LL¹ 2566 . a ḟuathbróic . . . cona cimais d'ór bricc, 3725 . teora cimsa cummaidi . . . dó, LL 32348 ( TTr. 1538 ). ciumhus . . . orshnáithe iona láimh, RC xxix 120.4 . cimsa óir reá n-aichthaib (of the blessed), ZCP x 51.14 .

(b) Of flank of army in battle-array: dorinne cimsa comc[h]omuisc dona cathaib mesg ar mesg `the fringes of the two armies became mingled in confusion', Fianaig. 90.8 . cimhsa comhdlutta cengailti, Caithr. CC 55 (33.6) . cimsa ┐ cath-imli catha, MR 254.5 . ciomhsa an champa Chonnachtaigh `those on the outskirts', Hugh Roe² 154.17 .

(c) Of limits of territory (cf. Lat. fines): luidh sidhe . . . ó chiomhsaibh caonraighe, AFM v 1760.3 . rí `sa chríocha gan chiomhsa `whose kingdom is without a limit', Ó Bruad. ii 180.w . ar chiomhsaibh ar gcríche, Aithd. D. 39.8 . ciomhsa a dtíre (of Teallach nEachach) `T.E.'s borders', Magauran 3040 . Of coast: mheabhas ciumhsa caladhphort, Content. vi 68 . thríallsat amach ó chiomhais chuain ┐ caladhphuirt, Celtica i 113.8 . ó chiúmhsaibh . . . cuan, ML 44.28 .

(d) Other applications: errandus do chimais na bairgine `not so much as a biscuit-rim', MacCongl. 54.2 . go mbaoí ciumhsa ┐ certlár an bhealaigh for a chumas, AFM vi 2256.6 . ciomhsa a chladh arna comhar / an magh fionns[a] an bhfacabhar, IGT Decl. ex. 976 . líne léirmheasta ar a bhfuilid ciomhsa cinnte to which there are fixed limits, TSh. 725 . sech cimais an c[h]roimsgēith, ML² 1249 .

Compds. With adjj. do chathbarraibh ciomhusarda `high-crested', Hugh Roe² 174.22 . a léinidh cháeil chimhasbláith, IGT Decl. ex. 642 . a sciath cimais-derg, ML² 1483 . donaibh sleamhanchláraibh ciomaisdirghe `straight-edged', Hugh Roe² 108.28 . coilér . . . cimasgel, CF² 680 . co n-inaraib . . . crunnblaithi cimasmilla `edge-figured', Celt. Rev. ii 208.8 . Éire na gcuan gciomhaiste of warm shores, DDána 107.2 .

crosḟigel(l)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. crosḟigel(l) or dil.ie/13136

 

n (cros + figell) lit. cross-vigil; position of body with arms outstretched in imitation of cross, prayer(s) offered in this position; act of praying, keeping vigil: croisfhighill .i. urnaighthe no faire do ní duine ar a ghluinibh ┐ a lámha sinte a gcrois, O'Cl. cumgabal inna lam hicrosfigill gl. sermo . . . corporis, Ml. 138a2 . oc slechtan ┐ chrosigill, ibid. crossigell slechtain irnaigthi idan, LL 358 marg. 31 . ind crosfigeild fri biad `the cross-vigil is performed with the Beati', Mon. Tall. 129.1 . con-da-acca inna crois[fh]igil, Vita Br. 4 . crosfigell hi forciund cach cet combat scitha a lama, Ériu xix 60 § 11 . croisfigeall hi toi, Hib. Min. 41.26 . heirg itchrosfigill (Adam to Eve), SR 2062 . luidh R. ┐ B. . . . ina croisfighill, BNnÉ 324.13 . ro leicc fora ghluinibh é ┐ dorinne crois-fighill dhe stretched out his arms, 329 § 64 . do léic se a lamha ass a croisfighill, BCC 182.24 . i croisigill fria dia anosa `praying to his God', Ériu v 240.123 . i crossigill risin Coimdid, BB 244b17 . do sin a laim hi crosfigill cosin Comdid, RC xlvi 234.x . Of Moses in the battle against Amalek ( Exodus xvii 11 ): dorochair mór n-armach de / tall tria crosfigill Móise, SR 4080 , see RC xii 434 § 37 . Of Joshua: tan ba scith lais . . . / a di laim i crosḟigill, SR 5090 .

Appar. crucifix in: a psaltair i n-a ḟiadhnaise, ┐ a chrosḟíghil i n-a láimh chlí, Ériu i 86.23 .

1 cúairt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cúairt or dil.ie/13327
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: cōirt-, -rd

n [i], m., later f. Arch. cōirt-, see compds. c.¤ , -rd, f., IGT Decl. § 42 .

I

(a) circle, ring; circuit, circumference: ánus cuáirt `a circle', Sg. 59b13 . in chuartai frithsuidighthi gl. oppossitique orbes, Ml. 39c12 . dun chuairt gl. giro, 84a9 . a chuaird corcorgemmach its circlet of crimson gems (a brooch), LU 7400 ( BDD 100 ). cuaird (cuairde v.l.) bec . . . amal circáill ḟeta (necklet worn by Morann), IT iii 190 § 15 . cuaird uilche aos na fer midba, O'D. 1952 (Cod. Clarend. vol. 15, f. 7, p. 2 col. b) (see compds.). fochress cach cúaird immalaile etc. arranged themselves in concentric circles, LU 7060 ( BDD 72 ). Cf. cuaird .i. buidhin ┐ is buidhen ar chath sunn . . . .uii. chuarda . . . ┐ .7. nimdha, etc. (= FB 55 ) ┐ isíat na .7. cuárda .i. .7. catha Ulad taken to mean troop, battalion , H 3.18, 608b5 , 7 , 8 ( O'Curry 1324 ). do ḟiannaib Erenn, cach cuaird im araili im Temraig `each (band) encircling the other around T.,' Ériu xii 182 § 13 (TE2). tanic Fiac ┐ a chuairt leis `circuit' (sc. the poets or druids on F.'s c.), Thes. ii 307.15 .

(b) circuit, globe (of heaven, earth); area, territory, district; inner space, enclosure: no línfed . . . in n-ule cuaird in talman gl. omnem terram, Ml. 25a8 , 11 . rígi inna huili cuarta, Trip.² 2106 `of the whole globe', Trip. 180.8 . cuairt ind richidh co noi ngradaib aingel `the circuit of the celestial vault', Ériu ii 106 § 17 . dá arrig dec . . . / cach for a chuaird . . . / for dá thuaith dec Israhél district (?), SR 7011 . caille comhfhada / cladh na cúarta-sa `circuit' (enclosure or district (?), cf. crioch, 4), BS 98.10 . cru tire do telluch .i. cuairt in tíre .i. guirtt .i. cro .i. ime, O'D. 415 ( H 3.17, 317 ), cf. Laws iv 20.5 . uii. cúarda . . . ┐ uii. n-imdada o thein co fraig circular compartments (?), LU 8730 ( FB 55 ). for cuairt an rígh .i. istigh i mbi an Rí (under heading dámh cháe na ngradh ffileadh), Ériu xiii 52.10 . See midchuairt. cuairt .i. crich . . . ma rofiastar a ratha a mignima in-óen chuairt urraduis .i. i n-aon crich urraduis sin `in one circle of urradas (the customary law of freemen)', O'Dav. 503 . iter da cuairt ingelta ro marbad é (a dead beast), O'Curry 2102 (H. 4.22, 76a). See comaithches, comingaire, comingelt, ingelt .

(c) circuit; a turn around, revolution : cuaird cech laithe a daily circuit (of horse-races), LL 25101 . en cuairt o oirrcir co hiartar an domain revolution, course (of moon), Ir. Astr. Tr. 108.22 . ? do chuir sé c.¤ air ághaidh a naigéin = he set a compass upon the face of the deep, Proverbs viii 27 (1827). Hence of a recurring event, turn : in cuairt muilinn, Ériu xvii 64 § 1 n. 4 `the circuit (`rotation') of the mill', see 62 , 63 . tossach cuarta in so doridisi, 76.5 . timchelsat teora cúarda cech ḟir díb ir-ríge .i. lxiii. (of 3 kings who held sovereignty in turn for a septennium), Dinds. 161 . conom thí de chind chúarda till it is my turn, LU 6699 (TBC). in tan rosiacht do Chua . . . c.¤ a cometa `his turn of guarding', Dinds. 157 . táinic naí cuarta fó[n] cath attacked the host nine times, CF² 1111 .

(d) circuit, tour, visitation, journey and related meanings: a cuardaib ane .i. a caí uird inna fíraí .i. inna fíréicsi poetic visitations, LL 24320 (see RC xxvi 18 § 25 ). for chuartaib cloth, Ériu xiii 38.15 . ni far cuairt parche do-coid `diocesan visitation', Wb. 21a12 . ɔral c.¤ fuirib-si gl. praeter[i]ens uideam uos, 7a4 . do dechaidh . . . / du cuaird is naibh hifernoibh `went . . . on a visit to Hell' (of Christ). Blathm. 696 . Felix fuair cuairt (cuaird, v.l.) céoldai `sojourn', Fél. Jan. 22 . rolá P. cuairt Lagen = migravit . . . ad fines L., Lat. Lives 61 § 53 . D. comarba Patraic for cuairt Muman, AU i 486.11 . mac in chléirig ar in cuairt `let the cleric's son go on the circuit', Ériu ix 49 § 29 . congbail tsenad na hEclaisi oc cuingid cuarda `visitation', Laws i 158.18 Comm. dia ndeochaid . . . ar cuaird ardrīg i nInis Bretan, Corp. Gen. 132.19 . tinoilis H. . . . slog mor . . . amal tísad for cuairt rig, PH 844 . cuaird Erend do chur co n-acamar a ndingnu, etc., Anecd. i 9.26 ( SCano 293 ). dochoid side (sc. a poet or druid) for cuairt i Connachtaib, Thes. ii 307.14 . cuirit . . . inn ēgis mórchúairt Hērenn ┐ Alban dia fochmurc the poets make the great tour of Scotland and Ireland to seek it (sc. the Táin), ACL iii 3.25 . dā mbeirt[h]ea dán lat bothúaid / . . . / nī budh lúgha let ale / nās ō chūairt Érenn uile, ZCP viii 109 § 9 . luidh-siumh (the young Molling) . . . do c.¤ na Lúachra wandered about L., RC xxvii 268 § 15 . ropo chūaird `a visit' (of a battle), Arch. Hib. ii 63 § 65 . mithigh cuairt a gceann Fhiacha it is time to visit F. (a patron), LBranach 2181 . logh an chuairt-se do-chuamar the visit I paid (to a patron) was payment, DDána 67.49 . taispenad a cuarta (.i. a n-imdeachta) `their journeys', Auraic. 193 . Of reconnoitring, etc.: luid Conall ┐ Bricriu du chur cúarta to search (for shelter for the night), LU 10579 ( Comp. CC 3 ). dolá F. cūairt co tarrla docum tighi, ZCP v 501.12 . gin a cuairt do cur without making a tour (of inspection) of it (a green), Laws iv 196.6 Comm.

(e) With following descriptive gen.: cuairt buadha `a triumphant visit', Ériu iv 112 § 1 . dia cuairt cairte .i. cuairt flathamnais, O'Curry 480 ( H 3.18, 250 ). a c[h]uairt certaigthe = his Visit iuridicall, RSClára 130b . ar cuairt chrábaid, SG 39.25 . dolluid . . . do chūairt ectra la Ulto `went upon a round of adventures in U.', Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 4 § 3 . cuaird erlama `the visitation of a patron saint', Laws v 450.8 Comm. gl. sen-dliged, 4 . for cuairt gemridh a farrud rígh Osraigi (of a fili), Ériu xi 47.4 . O'D. 952 ( H 3.17, 666 ). níor mhian leis an lá do mhair / gan chuaird ollaimh 'n-a ḟochair (in elegy for prince and his ollamh), DDána 73.21 . cuaird retha canait / cínticha clíí (a division of poetry), IT iii 31.18 . is amlaid ro chiṅged ri Temrach for a chuairt rigi, RC xxiv 176.25 . lodsamar ar cuaird selgga `went on a hunting round', vii 304.1 . luidh-sen . . . do chuairt teglaig co a tiagherna, Anecd. ii 42 § 2 . See s.v. amsaine , cáe, cenél, rígdomnacht , 1 selg, scís.

(f) What is levied, or requested on a c.¤ , tribute, dues, claim (otherwise Contribb. 544 ): cuairt fer Midhe etir chill ┐ tuáith `visitation of, etc.' (i.e. collection of tribute from them), RC xvii 345.3 (Tig.). Moling . . . / dligidh cuarta ┐ cealla, Anecd. ii 23 § 14 . rocind . . . cūairt do-som uáid fēin a tribute was fixed for him from, etc., BColm. 88.10 . tabrat a cuart dom catraig `tribute' (claimed by ecclesiastic), Fen. 80.16 . co ttucc a lán chuairt etir screpall, ┐ edbarta `a full visitation tribute', AFM ii 894.17 .

(g) As attrib. and descr. gen.: i n-a cēidi c[h]uarta, ML² 1133 . mur ollamh cuarta . . . / na mes misi a mic Siobháin do not look upon me as a poet on a round of visitation, ZCP ii 348.18 . Note also: Fergus file . . . esgra márchuarta, Ériu xiii 30.14 . ar ḟior gcuarta visitor or guest, DDána 110. 21 .

(h) In legal contexts: ordaib neimid nuither cuardaib, Laws iii 26.6 .i. ordaithter . . . iar cae uird . . . cidbe cuaird i mbe `circle', 12 Comm. ni cuirithur cuaird for gablu fine `the succession shall not devolve upon, etc.' (of property), 78.20 . cuairt .i. tiumarguin . . . airbert i cuairt cach slan `restraint', O'Dav. 405 . ? cuairt saigeas a comnaidm la fear foirgeall fiadnaise, Laws iv 8.24 .

II In adv. and prep. phrases. Preceded by imm (fa) + an ( GOI 517 , 1 imm ) imma(c)cúairt round about, around ; im na insi immacuairdd (ma over line, note), Ml. 89d18 . forda-rubai . . . F. imma cúaird strikes them all around (?), MU² 1017 . secht n-imdai ó thein co fraig . . . imme cúaird, Fraech 66 . im chomm, Laws i 124.4 .i. ima cuairt, 134.3 Comm. is mar so gerrtur an crann sin fácuairt co gar do talam `round about near the earth', Maund. 160 . atá folach i sléib Fuait / do chuirfedh Eirinn má cuairt `set . . . on the move', SG 180.y (Acall.). a himpod ima cuairt `to whirl it (the discus) round', TTebe 2471 . ben fuil astu . . . fo guairt (maguairt, v.l.) le tingin `extract the blood all round' (from warts), Rosa Angl. 206.5 . imthighios fá gcuáirt = that goeth about, Proverbs xx 19 . Note: áonrotha . . . ┐ sé ima ccuairt = so compassed, RSClára 92b (appar. the Engl. (= contrived etc.) was misunderstood, Gloss.). With follg. IMM, etc.: fuslegar de immandelg immecuáirt `it (butter) is smeared all round the thorn' (in charm), Thes. ii 248.7 (Sg. Incant.). atacordat . . . imacúairt imon torad sin `roll about in the fruit', Ériu ii 192 § 3 . isiarsin dodechatar na fir immacuairt immi `then came the men all around him', RC iii 181.30 . tangas ma ccuairt orrtha `they were . . . surrounded, etc.', Rel. Celt. ii 202.37 . go mbeinn mágcuarda / idir na daoinibh duarca `should live with sullen men around', Ó Bruad. i 130.y . In phr.: don ch.¤ sea (aniugh, v.l.) on this occasion (lit. visit), at this time, Mer. Uil.² 149 . In prep. phr. i cuaird bethad brigadbuil `around the . . . world', Hib. Min. 39.5 . birt būaidh [n]-eaccna hi c.¤ Ēirenn all round (?) Ireland, ZCP viii 197.11 .

Compds. With nouns. cuart-anáir (: uachtaráin) Bhanbha `honour-circuit', Content. x 13 . inna cuairt roth `in its circle-wheel' (of particles of the host in the form of a cross), Thes. ii 255.4 (Stowe M.). See Plummer, KZ xxvii 445 . With ¤sel rotation, gyration, whirl (see Wortk. 47 , Celtica i 378-80 ): is cicul dūn ol in duine quasi dixisset is cuairdfell dun son, Corm. 10 cicul = cūairtfell, Corm. Y 264 . a gyrando on cuairtfell bis fuirre `circular flight' (of a goose), Corm. Tr. 88 gigrand. a coirib cuairdill `from whirlpools', Laws iii 422.11 Comm. a ro-domain, v 298.10 .i. caire cuairt-bill ┐ a murlochaib, 17 Comm. coirt-tobe gl. circumcissio, Wb. 23d24 (a prima manu). ¤ulchaige beard encirclement (the stage at which a boy becomes an adult) Críth G. 90 , ZCP xliv 167 . co cúairtulchaigi (-ulcaid MSS) lit. `encircling beardedness . . . or read c.¤ n-ulchaige ?' (Notes), Críth G. 67 , see p. 90 . With adj. delb chuairtchruind `shape of a round circle', Ériu ii 106 § 17 . ropo chúairddulchach , Críth G. 68 .

1 dath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dath or dil.ie/14728
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: dath, dath, datha, dath, daith, datho, dathu, datha, dathe, dathai, dadha, datha, dath, dath, dath, datha, datha, dathanna, dathn, datha, dathann, dathan, dathannaib, datho, dath-, -dath, dub-dath, crón-dath, gorm-dath, oen-dath, aondatha, doel-dath, drech-dath, drech-datha, for-dath, dath, il-dath, ildatha, líg-dath, ór-dath, so-dath, soer-dath, dath, datha, dathanna

n u; the n pl. dath, LMU § 7 points to neuter gender; less stress should be laid on the eclipsis in the n s. SCC § 37 : dath nétrom.

RHYMES & ASSON.: dath : rath, ZCP viii 217. 11 : cath, vi 269 st 5 . Acall. 7592 . datha : Macha, CRR 32. 2 . : catha, Acall. 5871 . For further instances see Inflexion.

INFLEXION: n s. dath, Ml. 28 c 12 . Laws ii 148 &c. ; rhyming with iadad, SCC § 33 , pócath, TE § 10 , cath, TBC-LL¹ 265 , Findchad, Rawl. 158. 22 . daith frequent in mod. MSS, Midnight court 17 (similarly daithibh d p. ib. 417 ). g s. datho, Imr. Brain § 8 (: gretho), § 13 (: étatho). Wb. 5 c 19 . dathu, Laws ii 148 pass.; later datha: SCC § 31 (: Labrada, g s.). Fél. Nov. 15 (: catha, g s.). SCC § 34 (: flatha, g s.). LL 133 a 16 (: macha, g s.). Leb. Cert. 84. 9 (: lúireacha). dathe, Laws v 382. 18 . dathai, Fen. 140. 18 ; for dadha TE § 10 read datha. d s. always dath (: immarbad, Imr. Brain 38 ). n du. da dath , LL 16 b 41 . n p. dath, LMU 71. 18 . datha, LL 174 b 21 (: macha, g s.). dathanna Mod.-Ir. ( OCU 111 ). a p. datha, LL 149 b 29 (: flatha, g s.). Laws i 20. 30 . dathanna, Lib. Flav. 36 b 1. 9 f.b. g p. dathn , SCC §§ 33 , 37 , BDD § 106 , FB § 45 . datha LL 120 a 46 (= dath, LU 105 b 4 f.b. ), PH 1304 . dathann, Lib. Flav. ii 38 b 2. 19 (examlacht d.). Bedel Gen. xxxvii. 3 . dathan, 23 I 41, p. 5. 3 . d p. dathannaib, ZCP ii 303 . Gadelica ii 130. 689 .

I Colouring matter, dye : fuilled risin trían (sc. na roidi of the dye plant) gurup leath ó bias ina min nó na dath urlaṁ when it is in the state of meal or prepared colouring stuff Laws ii 420. 7 . ni thig dath ar bith gan ruanann, O'Cl. s.v. ruadh (glossing a quotation from Ds. of Ceilbe, Metr. Dinds. iii 54. 7 ). ó bláthannuibh na talman dogeibh sé dathanna, Lib. Flav. 36 b 1. 9 f.b. Cf. dathugud I and Scotch cha luidh dath air dubh luidhidh dubh air gach dath black materials will not take any dye Macd. 312 b .

II Colour in general, a particular hue or tint ; in the following instances used of the colours: bán, 1 brecc, 1 buide, corcair, croderg, crón, derg, 1 donn, dub, 1 finn, glas, gorm, rúad, úaine. Often connected with 1 lí, 1 lígrad.— is lí, gl. nó is dath, LU 131 b 33 . cen líga .i. cen datha LL 188 c 7 .. hic color dath, Ir. Gl. 1087 . adhbh .i. dath H 2.15A, 117 b . lath ised dath, Todd Lect. iv 134. 4 f.b. cen chaile nach datho chen chaile pectho without a spot of any kind Wb. 5 c 19 . mac in airiuch...dath fo leth a éduigh cach lae, Laws ii 148. 5 ; ib. 148. 8 . lígrad óir ┐ airgit...┐ datha cach thíre, FB § 2 . tibri uani tibri gorm tibri corcra dath nétrom, SCC § 37 (cf. topur co niumad datha, PH 1304 ). corcair co náldi datha, ib. § 31. 4 . cach dath atchí duine do guirm do bricc do buide is do chorcair LL 196 b . i fégaiter datha .i. find i mmoltar dub i naerthar brecc i fuacarar, RC xxvi 18 § 29 . co nd.¤ ┐ tóthocht, LL 37 a 17 . is álaind a ndath ar nim, Laud 615 38 a 1 (of the apostles). duibi a delb iná gach dath, BB 402 b 4 . a illdelbaig (emblems) ...arna forniamad a dathaib dathálli, TTr. 141 . ibar .i. ab ebore .i. ó cnáim elefante ar dath ┐ suthaini, O'Mulc. 700 . (cloch dub...bán...glas) cia dhíobh sin dath, TSh. 20. 8 . cóta diomad dathann, Bedel Gen. xxxvii 3 . anúair thaisbeanas sé (sc. an fíon) a dhath annsa chupán, ib. Proverbs xxiii 31 . daith an locha ┐ gorm na dtonn ag teacht...go tromm, Midnight court 17 . boladh dath ┐ cumadh aráin, Donlevy 242. 14 . Brightness : trí claidhmi coindli datha, Leb. Cert. 84. 1 .—Of the body: is annsin ba réill do chách díb (i.e. Adam and Eve) dath cuirp araile, MacCarthy 56 i . glór na ndiabhal as a ndath lór do phianadh na bpeacthach, TSh. 187. 2 f.b.Of the hair: trí foiltne co saine dath SCC § 37. 14 (ní hinand a ndath, ib. H). mong buide fair ...álli dath, ib. § 33 . folt trí ndath fair folt dond ... cróderg ... budi, FB § 45 . oenḟer forsa mbetis na trí dath ucut .i. in folt marin fiach ┐ in gruad marin fuil ┐ in corp marin snechta, LMU § 7 . ba cosmail dath ind ḟoilt sin fri barr nailestair...nó fri dergór iar ṅdénam a datha, BDD § 1 . cosmail fri túidlig nóir forloscthi dath a fuilt, ib. § 99 . ib. § 106 .—Of the colour of an animal: dath a ech, FB § 44 . it lóig it úain co ndagdath, Imr. Brain § 38 (v.l. co ndath). mucc co ndath oiss, LL 162 b 36 . deich ngabra donna datha, Leb. Cert. 84. 9 . marcṡlúaigh álainn aondatha, OCL 23. 7 . masat cethra co ndath cethra, Mesca 24. 4 f.b. elta co ndath elta, ib. 22. 1 . caora cruandatha, BS § 68. 5 .—Of the colour of the snow (opp. dath fola): fri dáth (dath, Eg.) snechtai, IT 69. 5 . is dath snechta corp, ib. 132. 5 f.b. úaitne i nd.¤ snechtai ┐ araile a nd.¤ ḟola, RC x 185. 24 .—Of clothes, &c.; also of the gold and silver embroideries thereon, as the following passage shows: étaige cen líga .i. étaige cen datha .i. cen imdenma óir is argait, LL 188 g 7 . Cf. dathugud II. caille aendathe, Laws v 382. 18 . áildiu cach dath (sc. in broitt) alailiu BDD § 99 . ní coill dath a mmaforta (.i. copchaille), Thes. ii 339. 4 . d.¤ a nétaich, RC viii 348 st 29 . corccra dath an inair sin, PH 2861 . —Of gold : úbhla ┐ d.¤ an óir órloisgthe orra, OCT 26.17 . BDD § 1 . —Of precious stones: araill a ndath asmirón .i. cloch co ndath nglas, RC x 185. 25 . Of plants: co nd.¤ losa liach, LL 47 a 44 . ACL i 340 . is dath síon and cech gruad, gl. nó is brecc, IT i 132. 3 f.b. cóimchlod datho change of colour: banna bec son de usci ┐ robúi buidetai bec fair do caomchlad a datha, Mon. Tall. 150. 37 . luibhi cen claechlodh a ndatha herbs that change not their colour Marco P. § 81 . gen. datho coloured , étach datho a coloured cloth: dá étuch dathu uime dia doṁnuigh, Laws ii 148. 7 . ib. 148. 9 , 13 , 14 , 18 . atconnarc étach ndatha (: flatha, gen.) SCC § 34 . .x. n-etaighe datha fichit, Tig. RC xviii 271. 33 . dechelt dathai a coloured mantle Fen. 140. 18 . cloch datha a coloured stone: dá marbad do cloich datha ba ruad rind, RC viii 354. 2 . ór datha = ór iar ndénum a datha. cloch atá i nDún dá lacha: is fiú a comtrom dór datha, FDG 751 . Cf. BDD § 1 . —cach datho, cech datho, cach oendatho; cacha datha of every colour: taitnet líga cech datho, Imr. Brain § 8 . móini dússi cach datho (v.l. datha), ib. § 13 . asraracht ...do imchaisin Maigi Breg. fóa lí ┐ fó bláth cach datha LU 130 b 22 . co gné gréne fair...┐ cacha datha archena FA § 11 . cét détach gach datha (sic leg.) bric, IT i 125. 15 . étaige cech oendatha impu, LU 85 a 26 . co nétaigib cacha datha, Acall. 2804 . co saine étaig cacha datha umpu, ib. 3423 .—sain datho, saine d.¤ , saine dath exquisite colours: trí huathnedha cu saine ndatha, RC x 185. 24 . in dá ech...co sain delba ┐ datha, LU 113 a 34 . édach co saine gacha datha, Acall. 414 . —datha écsamlai various hues or colours : dáig na nilgné filet forsind ḟult fil fair ┐ inna ndath nécsamail docorethar in folt fair, BDD § 106 . co ndathaib écsamlaib ina thimchell, FA § 11 . clúṁach iona raibh datha égsaṁla, Ezekiel xvii. 3 . datha éagsaṁla diverse colours Lhuyd.

III Of the face or skin, complexion, hue; esp. beautiful complexion; sg. or pl., cf. drech-dath or pl. drech-datha id. TTr. 1686 . a dath amar dhath an aeil (of a fine woman), Acall. 784 . Laeg i lLiniu lígda a dath, LL 22 a 20 . gilla óc is delbdu dath, TBC-LL¹ 265 . a dath is gilither géis uan fuinni dath a dá ó, BB 323 b 30 . Domnaill na ndath of the beautiful complexion BB 50 a 35 . a éicsin datha (: catha), Metr. Dinds. ii 48. 38 .

roscáil (docóid) mo dath my beauty is gone: roscáil mo delb is mo dath, Acall. 4584 . dochúaid mo delb is mo dath, ib. 4586 .

sóid dath, sóithir a dath, sóitir a datha: (a) he changes colour, esp. turns pale , like Lat. mutare (perdere) colorem: ní fess ca galar rodnuc acht a ḟagbáil marb sech nír ṡǽ dath ní ralob a chorp, LL 18 b 48 . (b) euphem. he dies : cen táṁ cen galar sói dath iar naifriunn, Fél. p. 158 at June 28 . dá tora rí Macha sáifiter a datha claifiter a ratha LL 174 b 21 ( CRR 32. 2 ).—Cf. soïd dies , sóid gné, sóid lí, caillid a gné.

conimchloi dath, conimchloither a dath, conimchloiter a datha, or only clóid dath id. (a) mac Olloman...atbath gan claechladh for dath, BB 46 b 16 = LL 128 a 5 . tócaibset in cend cen claechlo datha nó delbi de acht amal bid hí in úair sin rotescthái, PH 923 . fri cath ní coimcloitis dath, Rawl. 158. 22 . ZCP viii 218. 4 . rochlaochaigheas dealbh is dath B IV 1, 86 b (Buile Suibni). saoth lem do chnes rochlói dath, ib. (b) dar chlaechlod a dhath...ég adbath ua Muiredhaigh, BB 59 a 21 . na dá Fland ... farír roclæchlosed dath, Ériu v 242 l. 172 .—Cf. conimchloi, conimchloither a lí he dies, Sc. caochladh. (c) v.s. II.—Cf. dathchlód.

IV Transf. applied to the weather and the winds, the colours of the winds . Each wind has its own particular colour according to Laws ii 26. 30 sq.: rodelb dono [Dia] datha na ngaeth conid sain dath cacha gaeithe díb fri araile ...anair in gaeth corcra aneas in geal atuaith an dub, aniar an odur. Cf. further SR 53 sq. , 7948 and O'Dav. 692 : dotongar dar drúcht dar daithin .i. dar dath sína nó dar dath na sína dar gréin ┐ dar ésca úair grian ┐ ésca dobeir dath arna sínaib. Here probably LL 211 b 49 ( Metr. Dinds. iii 426. 15 ): tuc rí cach datha dá deóin ba turchar flatha fíreóin king of every hue. God is called rí na ngaeth (Gwynn), and Dia datha, Lib. Flav. ii 50 b 2. 6 .

V Fig. Outward appearance, semblance of something, esp. what serves to conceal the truth: dath fírinne the colour of truth: callide excogitant quod ad nuditatem eorum colore perueniant .i. dath fírinne do thochur tarais, Ml. 28 c 12 . fabulam perquam futilem. sgél goirrgech gan dath fírinne, BB 208 a (in the handwriting of Charles O'Connor) Éigse xvii 200 . Cf. the same use of dathugud, Keat. i 18. 27 . dath brécae a disguise, a false show, Lhuyd. O'Brien. a false dye, Macd.

VI Fig. Degree, rank, order ; Synon. miad, grád. This sense has been inferred from the following passages: Dia fadein dobeir datha ┐ gráda ardḟlatha, LL 149 b 29 . la cessad Secundi co slógud cech datha, Fél. Nov. 15 . It may also be sought in such passages as `a Domnaill na ndath' BB 50 a 35 , or `a éicsiu datha,' Metr. Dinds. ii 48. 38 , see III above. According to the Cáin-law of fosterage ( Laws ii 146 sq. ) the colour of the clothes varied according to rank and dignity: fo miad cháich éitid a mic ótha fer miudbu co ríg ( ii 146. 10 ). Satin and scarlet were prescribed for the son of the king of Erin ( sroll ┐ scarloit do mac ríg Érenn, ib. 146. 16 ), black, yellowish, grey, and blay clothes for maic na ngrád féne ( 148. 3 ). Similarly the colours were fixed for the mac in airrech, mac in airrech túis, m. in a. aird, m. in a. forgill, and mac na ríg.

VII In chevilles and at the end of the verse-line in various senses of the word: la Congalach cáem cen chair...oc Dollud di rechtga dath robíth Finnaechta fledach, LL 133 a 4 . Flaithbertach mac Loingsich...argg fo uair dorchad ṅdatha i nArd Molthach Mórmacha, ib. 133 a 16 . Donnchadh gan doirchi ndatha (: Murchadha), MacCarthy 420. 8 f.b. tosach suirghi caem a dath: ben is fer icompocath (leg. i compōcath or ic compōcath, ZCP x 374) IT i 125. 7 (TE). Hériu ria ndílind datha, LL 5 b 4 . Here also Thes. ii 292. 18 : is glae thegdais tórm rochloss...is tech ndagḟir dath atchí.

VIII a trace, hint, sign (?): ar cathbarr cen duīthi dath 'our helmet without trace of foolishness', SR (Greene) 2689 (of God).

IX In local names: ocus na cethri catha for Gallaib Glinni Datha the Foreigners of the Coloured Glen Cog. 94. 21 ; not sufficiently supported.

X COMPS. (a) dath-, see below. (b) -dath in cpds. almost exclusively in the sense of I; frequent with adjectives denoting colour: dub-dath, crón-dath, gorm-dath, q.v. Compare further: oen-dath, aondatha of one colour ; doel-dath the colour of the blackbeetle ; drech-dath or pl. drech-datha complexion of the face; for-dath = dath; il-dath: étach ildatha of many colours; líg-dath (lí-dath) bright colour ; ór-dath the colour of gold ; so-dath a beautiful colour (opp. do-dath); soer-dath a noble colour , &c. q.v.

MOD. dath, g s. datha; n pl. dathanna colour, complexion ; with ní or gan nothing at all, v.s. VIII; this latter usage is common in all districts, cf. Dinneen, whose examples are all taken from the spoken language: níl aondhath de ṁoill orm there is nothing to hinder me, Quiggin Dial. Don. § 136 . cha rabh a dhath a maith dí sin a dheanadh ach urad, Craig Derry People 30 iv p. 3 .

dess

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dess or dil.ie/15783
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: deas, dessum, tes

adj o, ā.

(a) right (as opposed to left), dexter: deas (gl. dexter), Ir. Gl. 386 . for láim deis, BCr. 19c2 . alleth o laim deiss gl. dexteram eius partem, Sg. 17b2 . i noxil in tuib deiss of the right side, Thes. ii 254 . co súilib dessaib (: chennaib), SR 3671 . inna ndornaibh dessaib, Ériu ii 130 . a lámh dhes is a chos chlé, Acall. 1539 . in fath . . . ara n-abar cle seach deas, Lec. 533a31 . smitt a cluaisi dessi, PH 3115 . ocht cét lām ṅd.¤ do imdibe, LL 123a54 . na láma desa, Reg. San. Col. xxi . beannacht na láimhe deise, TSh. 272 . Hence as subst. ā, f. right hand, right-hand side (lám being understood): tria deis, Tur. 142 . for Dé deis, SR 1497 . Hib. Min. 10.323 . bith dia deis hi flaith nime, Trip.² 284 . réidig romainn . . . for do deis, Metr. Dinds. iii. 40 . ? ar des rig is ruirech, TBC-I¹ 2269 . suidhimse ar deis dreagain T., TD 11.101 . manais . . . ina deis, TBC-I¹ 3305 . a chlé fri muir n-Icht, a d.¤ fri bruig mbuan-B., Metr. Dinds. iii 190 . deis fri Banba, bél fri Bóin, Ériu iv 92 . a d.¤ fo-thuaid fri fuined His right northward towards the sunset (Christ on the Cross), PH 3321 . ná findad do chlé a ndingne do deis (leg. dess), 6081 . cor duinndeise fad ghruaidh a blow on thy cheek from the right hand (?), TD 3.41 . Combined with 1 s. pr. aff. dessum on my right, to right of me: Crist dessum, Crist tuathum, Thes. ii 357 (Hy. vii). Dia tuathum . . . Dia dessom, Hy. vi 2 .

(b) south (the s. being on the right to a person facing east). As prep. south of. In Mid. Ir. usually tes on the analogy of tuaid, tuath: i nDruim rig tes Taltin tréin, RC xxiii 312 . des Almain south of A., RC xxiv 54 = TFrag. 42 . i n-iath Cairpri des Bóinn, Rawl. 158.2 = ZCP viii 333 . des maig Midi (sic leg.), Fél. Prol. 226 . Cf. Desgabair (= s. of the Gabar). Note also: do deiss Danuib s. of the Danube, LL 136a33 (cf. tuaith Benna Bairche n. of B.B., Hy. ii 29 ). See O'Rahilly, EIHM 462 . In various advbl. phrases: andess from the south, northwards: dolluid andes for Beluch M., IT i 106 . ro faith a ndeas, Todd Nenn. 138 . With FRI from the S. towards, hence to the south of: ruind aness (= frinn andess south of us), TBC-LL¹ 1215 . conid farcaib . . . andes i ndeisciurt Letha, Hy. ii 10 . D. mac D. do Ernaib Muman andeas, Acall. 207 . fo d.¤ , fa d.¤ southwards: fa d.¤ no fa thuaith, Wb. 29a21 . scailit uad fo d.¤ fo thuaid, LL 209a5 . do chuatar fo des dochum a tīre, ZCP iii 19 . dafáid fo d.¤ co Victor, Hy. ii 47 . isin dara míle ó Róim fo d.¤ , PH 1918 . roláis a n-ernail . . . seoco fod.¤ hi clithar B., TBC-I¹ 1774 . bodes is bothuaid, Acall. 2742 . do cuaid Padraic d'foglaim bo deas, Todd Nenn. 106 . luidh bu dhés, ZCP xi 212 . dēchais uaidh fo dhes, Moling § 33 . a chlé fod.¤ frisin ṅgréin His left southwards towards the sun (Christ on the Cross), PH 3320 (cf. ZCP ii 225 ). (mod.) an taoibh budh dheas, Matthew xii 42 . Cf. sadess.

(c) In fig. sense right, just, meet: nír d.¤ (or deis, see note) dait mo guin, TBC-LL¹ 3953 . ni deis re Dia dergmartra ar dáinib God does not deem fit, desire, MR 172 . nochar deis é le dreich nDē, ZCP vii 304 . an arra is deisse re feichemuin toicheda ināt a seoit fein which . . . prefers, Laws v 420 . ? nírbo dál deis, Metr. Dinds. iii 70.3 . Manchaigh as dáibh as deisi | sealbh inbhir na hÉirnesi they have the best right to the possession, 3 C 13, 453 . As attrib.: cūic bā dēc don deachain des (: ances), ZCP ix 171 § 3 . Dia deas, SG 21.41 . rogell C. cach ní ndes, BColm. 90 .

(d) By extension convenient, becoming, agreeable, well-arranged, neat, later pretty, fine: des cach suabais, Corm. Y 468 . folt . . . cass d.¤ drumnech, TBC-LL¹ 5173 . in t-aislingthe laind lán-des, SR 3350 . cēd matal mōirdhes, ZCP viii 116 . claidmi . . . dessa, Cog. 162.14 . mór a gcrábhadh deas a ndaonnacht, DDána 122.17 . gārda roidhess, Fl. Earls 78 . cos deas ó mbídh slacht ar bhrógaibh, Keat. Poems 203 . ro bo des leo, Lism. L. 1909 . ger maith leis . . . nochar deis ē le dreich nDé, ZCP vii 304 . is des tarla sin that has happened conveniently, Caithr. CC § 65 . go dtárla an ghaoth go deas dona death-ḟearaibh, ML 46 . do cuir fa aithne ar a manchaibh biadh . . . do beith co des acu to have in readiness, BCC § 230 .

Compds.

(a) ¤dorn: ní raibhi . . . d. gan dá manáis, Acall. 232 . a chúach 'na des-durn, Ériu iv 100 § 33 . ¤druim right of the central line (of Ogam): it hé a n-airde: desdruim, túathdruim, lesdruim, tredruim, imdruim 'these are their symbols: right of, left of, athwart, across and around the central line', Auraic.² 51 § 6,4​​ . ¤ḟertas: fil do desḟertais in charpait, IT i 320.21 . ¤lám: ca lín dofaeth dom deslaim, RC xxiii 420.10 . co scenaib . . . ina deslamaib, LU 3888 ( SCC 40 ). beannacht na deasláimhe, TSh. 9896 . deslām glēgeal, ZCP vii 304 § 9 . deas-lámh Dé, Dán Dé xxiii 38 . ¤lethan: in dá ech . . . deslethna, JRSAI lxxi 376.9 . ¤breth: nírbo deis-breth ná daig-bert, Metr. Dinds. ii 30.55 .

(b) ¤donn: co ndānaib domuin dess-duind, SR 2674 ( brown or ruddy in the south?). rinn . . . ina glaicc . . . da deasbualadh Ainnti-Crist (intens. to give A. a fine beating?), Lib. Flav. 32ra23 . ¤mass: as mo lāim degduinn desmais ` shapely ', ZCP xiii 8.8 (cf. GJ viii 49 ).

do-immchella

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-immchella or dil.ie/17856

 

Forms: to-n-imchéla, dodomchela, du-n-immerchell, dorimchell, do-s-rimchell, duimcheltar, timchell, timchellad, timchellaid, timchillid, timchellaigid

v (* to-imb-cell-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 483 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. to-n-imchéla, Thes. ii 33 . dodomchela (= do-d-imchela), LU 10051 . Perf. 3 s. du-n-immerchell, Ml. 108a12 . dorimchell, BDD § 154 . do-s-rimchell, TBC-I¹ 1997 , TBC-LL¹ 2652 . Pass. pres. s. duimcheltar, Ml. 108a14 . Vn. timchell, timchellad. Later as simple vb. timchellaid, timchillid, timchellaigid. IGT Verbs §§ 52 , 65 , 84 .

(a) goes round, makes a circuit of: gl. ambire, Ml. 108a14 ; BCr. 36c1 . cech mbliadain dosstimchellae (of the sun), SR 180 . annamh tír dar thimchil grian, 3 C 13, 788.14 . na renda thimceallat in doman, Ériu ii 126 . nochar thimcilsit renna | cenn amar cenn Ailella, Celt. Rev. iv 24 . timchellad (leg. timchellat) a tech imme cúaird ón dorus dialailiu they march round the house, TBFr. 83 . doimchellaind mo dúrais `I went the round of my abode', Imr. Brain ii 290 ( LU 1312 ). rothimchill fo thrí in topur, Metr. Dinds. ii 30 . timchillsead Erind fo thri sailed round, BB 39a23 . dosrimcheallsat Erinn, Leb. Gab.(i) i 250 . dobērthar duid . . . ina timcellfa do charbat co haidchi as much (land) as thy chariot shall go round, BB 192a29 . rotimchell cath na columan fo thrí, Fianaig. 94 . do thimchill E. an cath fa naoi, ML 134 . Macne Conchobuir . . . ní rothimchell cath ná crech | nónbur ardosaraigfed, ZCP viii 217 . Cf. TBC-I¹ 1997 , TBC-LL¹ 2652 . luidh dochum na heglaisi ┐ do thimcoll martra, Ériu v 120 . timchelat (leg. timchellad) reilicc, Ériu ii 228 . toimchiullu (leg. -a) hEreo hule co fuair ind ingin traverses , RC iii 345 . is e timchellas hErind ind-ōenlō, TBC-I¹ 1110 . doimchellind hEirind, Imr. Brain ii 288 . do thimchil aoin-bhean Éirinn, Keat. iii 4134 (poem). rotimchellus in tír I scoured the country, PH 1570 . timchillit . . . oirer Bóinne, O'Gr. Cat. 502 . gur thimchill sé na seacht dtuatha so Ḟearmanach, Maguires of F. § 54 . dorimchell rigusciu hErend, BDD § 154 . dlighidh a saerbiathadh . . . secib dú timcella every place he visits in his circuit, Laws iv 344 Comm. In loose sense: in tí timcellus int arathair . . . no ní d'a timcelltar in arathair, in brot the person that goes round (keeps about) the plough or the thing which is made to go round it, the goad, v 488 Comm. timchelsat teora cúarda cech ḟir díb ir-ríge `they went round three circuits each man of them' (i.e. each took three turns), RC xvi 280 . Intrans.: ǽrat tonimchéla luna inna óenmís as far as Luna goes round, Thes. ii 33 . doimchealla[t] creasa immon nem, Ériu ii 110 . quodcunque mare nad timchella imac(h)uairt ut Mare Terrenum which does not circulate (?), Corm. Y 753 . rothimchill dáil teallaigh aca rations went round, ITS v 12 .

(b) surrounds, encompasses: gl. amictari, Ml. 90d5 . Mons Sión .i. duimchella son in cathraig andes ┐ aniar ┐ antuaid, 67d8 . fo cosmailis nacha catrach tonimcella oen-mūr, Hib. Min. 220 . na trí mūir . . . timchellait in primcathraig, SR 422 . in chathir . . . dosrimchelsat secht múir, 5059 . égusc na cóic righthighi timchilles na secht neime, RC xxiv 372 . an tan dotnimcellat (leg. dodn-) drechta gialna when . . . surround him, Laws iv 336 Comm. do thimchealladar iomad do mhadadhaibh mé (= circumdederunt), TSh. 3880 . do baei . . . gur thimchealaigh, IGT Verbs ex. 830 . an ḟcoil thimchiollus an cnaim, 23 K 42, 103.16 . In med. tracts freq. = anoints, poultices: timcillter a[n] nescóid le casia ┐ le huisci, 23 P 10, 54 . timcillter an goin lé cre Armenia, 67.42 . timtillter an tsuil le licium , 89.7 . Surrounds (one thing with another), with pers. subj.: timchillid in Coimdiu in cuthi o níul, PH 1222 . gur bé Dia . . . do thimchill mé le n-a líon, Job xix 6 . do thimchioll sé na huisceadha lé teorannuibh, Psalms xxvi 10 . timcheallfaid th'eascaraid 'na mainnir thú (= circumdabunt te vallo), TSh. 1064 . In sense limits, sets bounds to: tarla buille do trosttán Senáin don Chlárach, gur thimchill a shaoghal cut short his life, ZCP x 12 .

1 dúnad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dúnad or dil.ie/19229

 

Forms: dúnaig, dunaich, dúnadh

n o, m. (orig. neut., Hog., CRR 143 ) (dún); g s. dúnaig, Imr. Brain i 68.23 , Todd Nenn. 80.3 ; dunaich, Lec. 600b14 . dúnadh (ón dún) m., IGT Decl. § 53 , (ón tsluaighedh) m., § 11 .

(a) encampment , i.e. the entrenchments cast up by an army on march round its halting-place (= L. castrum), oft. synon. with longport; hence used also of a permanent entrenchment or fort , as synon. of dún: dunadh .i. sluaghadh no nert no fas (= foss) no faslongport, O'Dav. 657 . dúnadh .i. foslongphort, O'Cl. nogaibtissom dunad hisuidiu they used to encamp (of children of Israel in wilderness), Ml. 83a4 . gabthe dunad les fris ar in(o)illus a camp was pitched by him, 55c1 . dosnetarraid oc gabáil dúnaid, TBC-I¹ 1701 , cf. 1348 . ar abba dunad ┐ longphort do gabáil dóib, TBC-LL¹ 431 . gabsat cethri ollchoiced hErend dunad ┐ longphort inn aidchi sin ic Belut A., 1589 (cf. 5090 and TBC-I¹ 1772 ). can aidchi ndunaid ┐ longphuirt sund, 612 . luidh slogh huadh asin dunadh du saghaid arba, AU 913 , 859 . blai dúnaid freedom of encamping (?), ZCP xi 83 . co rasaerur mna Erind . . . ar feacht ┐ ar sluaiged ┐ ar dunad till I free the women of Ireland from (participation in) march and hosting and encampment, Lec. 336a4 . Fort, residence (of chief, etc.): ní ba d.¤ cen rígu, IT iii 50 . ní bia dunadh na rígh-ráith | gan dul uile a n-anflaitheis, Cog. 204 . Dunbléisci . . . Blesc ainm muccida ríg hUa C., is e robui isin dunud sin, Fél. 40 ( LL 355a ). baí rí amra do Grecaib i ndunud fecht and, LL 279a36 ( SG 413 ). do rīgaib in dúnaid-sin (of Heaven), PH 4354 . dochuaid do dunad in corad . . . do proceapt dó, Todd Nenn. 78 . coem in d.¤ rancamar, MacCongl. 37 . ar mhullach gach aoin tighe dá raibhe san dúnadh, SG 5 . roscart maccu na curad . . . ar dorus a llis ┐ a ndúnaid fadessin, TBC-LL¹ 949 . o ranic co faidche in dunaid i mbái Culand, 1017 . do badar tri dunaidh a n-iarthar na crichi .i. Dun Cais, etc., CF 83 . raloscit ar ndúnaid ┐ ar ndegbaleda, CRR 3.15 . isin d.¤ sa, MU² 613 . Fig. of a person: dunadh dōini . . . Ruman mac Cathasaigh cain, AFM 919 (poem).

(b) encamping army, host: dúnadh .i. sluagh, O'Cl. secht trichait cét deac . . . iss é lin ar ndúnaid, TBC-I¹ 189 , cf. 917 . adreth riched rúnach | d.¤ Adriani, Fél. Nov. 6 . ronsnádat dond rígu | cona ṅdúnud dánu, Fél. Jan. 23 ; cf. July 22 . Cf. cen dunad, cen biathad, Cymmr. xiv 118.4 = cen slóged, Ériu iii 140.17 .

1 eng

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 eng or dil.ie/20078
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: eing i n-, (a h-)eing

n track, trace: eang .i. lorg...dochuadar ar eing no ar lorg, O'Cl. nicon fess eng na eis dib track or trace IT i 143.2 . ni fríth eṅg na eis dóib, LL 232a20 = TTr. 1098 . luidh E. ┐ lucht na luinge for iaraid in meic bic ┐ ni uaratar eng na heis de, BB 414a36 . triar... | do lean d'ḟír-eing na n-ughdor, Keat. ii 100 . do thabhairt áosa fainn for séis ar eing na ccédughdar, IGT, Introd. 1.2 . do-chím eang an uile cheathra | chuige so...'sní uil .. eang gá ḟágbháil, TD 16.39 . In phrase, ar eng 'according to': ar eng esiomláire Íosa Críosd, Ériu xv 72.1 , Supplement 47 .

Adv. phr. eing i n- (a h-)eing step by step, on the heel of: suil dobheinn eing a n-eing | agus cailleach an mhuilinn in step with, in the company of (?) BS 126.11 . co riachtatar eing i n-eing i lurg áonluincce co Loch F. (of a fleet of ships), Hugh Roe, 232.24 (f. 62a) . dá chéad déag d'éigsibh ána | dá gcur tar sáil eing a heing together, one and all Content. xxviii 7 (see note).

epistil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. epistil or dil.ie/20187
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: epistil, æpistil, eipisti, eibisdil, epestil, eipistei, eipisdil, eibistil, epistil, n-eipistil, epistle, epistlech, heibisdili, epistli, epistli, n-episle, eipistleach, n-episle, eipistlech, hebislechaib, eipisdlib

n f. (Lat. epistola Ériu xix 68 ) an epistle, letter: n s. cib cenél dia roscribad ind epistilso, Wb. 3b20 . ind epistil-se, 27d13 . ind æpistil ib. eipisti, Ériu ii 192.3 . eibisdil ib. n. 11 . epestil PH 3722 . eipistei, 1 Corinth., title . eipisdil, Galatians an dara heipisdil, 2 Peter iii 1 . a s. rochuir H. eipistil...for amus a meic, PH 489 . eibistil, BB 261b19 = IT iii 190 § 16 . mar da legh I. ind ebistil, YBL 148a16 . d s. isind epistil tóisich Wb. 14d1 . i n-eipistil d'áirithe, TSh. 10184 . g s. tíchtin inna epistle , Wb. 14d2 . 15a15 . intinscanadh epistlech , Ériu ii 192 n.2 . briathra na heibistleach do chuirsead dochum Ioseph, YBL 148a9 . úghdar na heibisdili , Mac Aingil 474.14 . a n-aghaidli eipiostalach eiricigh, Eochairsg. 82.3 . n a p. rufoitea epistli uaidib, Wb. 9d14 . in epistli (gl. in litteras) BCr. 37c3 ( Thes. ii 27.31 ). secht n-episle , MacCongl. 39.10 . eipistleach, Eochairsg. 23.22 . g p. luirech na n-episle , BNnÉ 32.33 . i liubar a eipistlech , Lism. L. 154 (i.e. Patrick's Conf., etc.). d p. isna hebislechaib ro caemclae Alaxandair re Dinimus, BB 488 a35 = IT ii2 95.29 . d p. eipisdlib, 2 Peter iii 16 .

Of a letter used as a charm or spell: luidh M. co Pol abstal, ┐ dobert eibistil uadh, ┐ bidh 'ma bráigid, IT iii 190 § 16 . antan dobereadh M. breth nogebedh epistil ima bragaid ┐ ní abrad gaí iarum ib. eipistil boi immo brāgoit fri foirgell fīrinde, Corm. Y 1160 (sīn). luirech na n-episle | no bíodh fora muin, BNnÉ 32.33 . Cf secht n-allsmaind, secht n-episle | do cháisib, do choelanaib | fo bragait cech fhir, MacCongl. 39.10 ; 89.12 . Of a message (metaphorical): tria bas no epistil ngalar 'by means of death or a message (?) of sickness' Ériu xix 58 § 5 .

faithche, faidche

Cite this: eDIL s.v. faithche, faidche or dil.ie/21214
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: -d-, faith-, faig-, faithche

n , f. Does not occur in Glosses. The form with -d- is common in LL, beside faith- and faig-. It may well be the earlier form. A green or lawn in front of a fort or residence or church; an open space in or before a city; public square, courtyard ( Celtica xviii 89 ); a green meadow, or playingfield; sometimes referred to as a place for cattle: fait[h]che .i. feth-chaí .i. conair iarna fethughadh .i. iarna reidhiughudh (i.e. a levelled space). Corm. Y 628 . a platea .i. on faithche, 1073 . fail ann faithchi cach doruis a green before each gate SR 373 . Defined in Laws: issí in faithchi techta ... ni ro saig guth cluicc no gairm cailig cercc, Laws iv 194.2 . frithe faiche a waif of [i.e. found on] a green v 320.8 , with gl: .i. dogabur isin faithce .i. isna ceithri gortaib is neasum don baile, 322.9 . is eadh is faithi ann: na ceithri guirt is nesa don baile .i. gort gacha hairde ime ┐ cidh in sliabh is nesa don bhaile rob amail faithe amach, O'Curry 1793 ( 23 Q 6 41a ). faichti blaithe, MacCarthy 40z (= brugi bláthi, SR 477 ). faithchi lána ... cuile fása greens swarming [with beggars ?] ... empty larders (?) ZCP viii 196.15 (signs of a decadent period). oircc peata bis a lis no a faitche lingeas eirlim a ngort faithche `which is kept in an enclosure or in a green, which makes airlim- trespasses into the garden of the green' Laws iv 108.10 . do loddur ... asind gurt tarsa ceim isind faichti, Mon. Tall. § 7 . im nemdenam na himi bis itir na gurta arba ┐ na faithchi feoir, Laws i 216.15 Comm. bit lir ... fér for faichthi, BDD 89 . tucait a murthréta caírech d'aicthib ┐ d'urlannaib ┐ redib, TBC-LL¹ 68 (do faithchibh v.l. Windisch observes that aicthib may belong to ached). mētithir ... óen na prīmbili bís for faidchi prīmdúni, 1816 . dūn rīg cona faiche ... faiche briugad, faiche fili (places where fighting is forbidden), Laws v 302 x , z 0 . hi faichthi na bruidni, BDD 56 . ro marbtha ... sethnón na faidchi, LL 261a2 = IT i 76.9 . hi faithci uasalnemid, Laws i 92.1 . ceall gen faithche, iv 6.9 . for faidchi na hEmna, LL 260b41 = IT i 75.17 . forsin faichthi ina Temrach, RC xxiv 190 . triallsat troscud ... for faithche Cruachna Connacht, Metr. Dinds. iii 446.80 (of guarantors enforcing a claim; see ZCP xv 265 ). faidche in dunaid [where dúnad is used loosely, corresp. to tech, TBC-LL¹ 996 , dún, 964 ] TBC-LL¹ 1017 . tarmlaing ... assin charput for ind ḟaichthe. amlaid boí faichthi in dunaid ┐ corthi furri ..., 1228 . tarblaingset in slúag for inn faidchi, LL 265b26 ( MU² 506 ). suidset ... for inn achthi ib. LL 27 ( MU² 507 ). uas faigthi in baile (marg. gl. on: as bla brune) LL 206a39 (= Metr. Dinds. iv 368 ). luidh P. ... co dun Nais, ata lathrach pupla P. i fhaighthi fria sligid anair, Lism. L. 397 . ar faithci a dúnadh, ZCP vi 280.32 . géill ... | dá bhfógra ar faithche a dhúna, TD 10.42 . hi ḟaichthi Chorccaige, LB 215a24 ( MacCongl. 31 ). go Cill Mhaighneann ┐ go faithche Átha Cliath, Ériu i 83.21 . ed risan imred oencluchi do fidchill for fagthi Maigi Adar, Cog. 66.6 . rochidis ... faicheda fondglasa na Tebi, TTebe 2733 . rochrithnaigsedar faichtega (faithcedha v.l.) ┐ tulcha na Teibi, 3500 . isinn faithche os in cathraig (= in pavimento ... civitatis) Todd Nenn. 66.2 (aithche, aidhchi v.l.). In phrases: is crích bidbad so ┐ ni faidchi airurais a green for play TBC-LL¹ 1240 . as faighthe namhad, ZCP x 283.26 . Gen. as attrib.: feidhneóir fíoruallach faithche trooper of the lawn (used of a braggart; equivalent to carpet-knight ?) TSh. 1720 .

fáithliaig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fáithliaig or dil.ie/21223
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: Fáthliaig, Fháthlega

n i, m. (fáith `seer' ? or fáth ZCP xxxi 48 ) a leech, physician (used chiefly in early heroic lit. where the physician is also to some extent a magician; `Wahrsager-Arzt' Heldensage i 71 ): brithem ┐ fathliaig, Metr. Dinds. iv 318 . go Fíngin fáthliaig, TBC-LL¹ 4290 = faithl., TBC-I¹ 2776 . in Fáthliaig ` Wizard-doctor ' MacCongl. 87.1 . g s. (dīsert) int Fháthlega , 85.25 . luid ... ar cend ind ḟáthlega, LL 329a27 (= táithleagha, Keat. ii 4570 ). luidh ... do iarair leigis ... do thig araile fathlegha, D IV 2 53ra 11 .

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