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bech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bech or dil.ie/5523
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: beach

n o, m., also [ā], f. See Gleasure, Ériu xxiv 186 ff. beach m., IGT Decl. § 171. f., § 39 . See Wagner, KZ 76.81 f. and Hamp, Ériu xxii 184 f. on orig. form and reflex in mod. dialects. bee: b.¤ gl. apes, Sg. 47a11 . síl ṁbúadach ṁb.¤ n-Erenn, Fél. Feb. 13. timthirecht b.¤ the to and fro of bees, BDD² 1169. cobair mb.¤ ┐ bu i noibiull (tasks exempted from the law of Sunday), LB 204b48 , cf. dol a ndiaid mbeuch no bóu a n-aibiull, Anecd. iii 22.8 . cen fhoche, cen chernuban, acht beich duillebhair Temhrach (during the sovereignty of Conn), Airne F. 343. nī rī arm acht arm bec beich the bee's little sting, Measgra Uí Chl. 149 § 18. Freq. in Laws, see in particular the tract entitled Bechbretha, Laws iv 162 - 202 . do tigerna in beich `by the owner of the bee', iii 434.5 Comm. cin b.¤ `injuries in the case of bees', 432.13 . tairgille ar bechaib the t. for bees (of security against damage committed by bees), iv 162.1 . foloingatsom beochu co cend mbliadna aithirruch, 172.15 . cetna breth . . . im chinta b.¤ for Conall (sic leg.) Caech caechsite beich (sic leg.), 178.13 . ili bethamain .i. beich, RC xxvi 34.3 and note. lut[h] b.¤ .i. sail sin ar a blath ┐ ar a canach (name of ogam letter s), Auraic. 5624 , cf. a lūth beach .i. blāth soilech, Anecd. iii 44.10 . dibech . . . . .i. . . . ni-b. quia apes in commune vivunt a non-bee, O'Mulc. 310. beich óghlána d'argain `plundering laden (?) bees' (of a rash act), TD 18.34 . beich gan mhil, DDána 81.34 . amhuil thiaghuid na beich a ndiaigh na meala, Desid. 6710. nid bheach nests of bees (being eaten) (i.e. honeycombs), O'R. Poems 164. léaghthar . . . nach bí cailg i rígh na mbeach, TSh. 9728. Fig. in phr. b.¤ éoluis, b.¤ éoil guiding bee: beach eóluis na héigsi Aodh / do chuir sí a haire d'éntaobh / . . . / fírbheach eóil na healadhan, LBranach 1 , 4 , see n. an éinbheach eoil (of the Blessed Virgin), Aithd. D. 63.24 .

Note also: beith beca bithaille ac dordánaigh ar na torthaibh `little bees', Ériu iii 156 § 9. Cf. 2 bethamain.

Compds. ¤adba apiary; hive (?): amhail teagoid beich a beachadhbha a lo . . . ḟoghmhoir, ZCP x 287.3 . ¤breth: Laws iv 162 see above. fintiu griain i mbechbrethaib isi deirbfine i mbechbrethaib tir bes da nesom fo-da-loing, 172.4 . ¤díbad: bechdibaid `mortality of bees', AU i 468.23 . ¤dín: im turorgain do bechdin, Laws i 166.27 , glossed: i ngait na cesach b.¤ , 170.19 Comm. ¤lann beehive: siubal na saithe mb.¤ os a mbechlannaib i lló ainli, CCath. 5887. foirched fírbeach a bruinnibh b.¤ , AFM vi 2224.3 . ¤lus: saithchi . . . b.¤ os bechlusaib `honey-flowers', ZCP vi 285.26 . ¤ṡlat (?): cath cro cearnach cíchblaith beach slaití, IT iii 89 § 116. ¤ṡlúag: Curoi ro hir dam . . . .x. mbeichluaigh (.i. saithe b.¤ ┐ lestra) buain bee-swarms , Ériu ii 3.11 . ¤theillén, see 1 teillenn.

canach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. canach or dil.ie/8122

 

n o See Études Celt. i 320 , RC xlvii 200 . woolly substance, down of plants, etc. : lanugo .i. c.¤ , Thes. i 1.35 . dil lasna ceathra in lem ar a blath ┐ ar c.¤ , Auraic. 5620 . lut[h] bech .i. sail sin ar a blath ┐ ar a c.¤ , 5624 . do clum ┐ do c.¤ na peisti sin .i. salamandra , Celtica ii 123.91 . Applied esp. (often defined by g s. sléibe, mónae) to several species of cotton-grass (Eriophorum) (see JRSAI xcv 104 ff. ): findithir c.¤ slébe cach finda ásas triana chend, BDD² 1164 . cluim no c.¤ móna, LB 127a5 . slemonciortor m'folt a canoch fhionn- mhonae, JRSAI xcv 105.19 . ro figdírged a canuch cetamuin do cach laech fo leith, LL 12800 ( RC xiv 416 § 30 ). cearbaid sam . . . / . . . / lethaid folt fada fraích / forbrid c.¤ fann finn, RC v 201.x (c.¤ a gloss incorporated in text, Ériu xvii 89 ). dias . . . / gilithir gēis nō c.¤ , ZCP xiii 256.21 . Of other varieties of plant: c.¤ `a general term for moss and other mountain and marsh plants but esp. applied to the Hypnum cupressiforme used for dyeing', Manners and Customs i cccci . do chuir c.¤ ┐ cneasugh a mbéal na gcneadh sphagnum moss(?), ITS xxiv 74.4 . ? slios caomh cladhach / do thaobh mar ch.¤ [gCreamhchoilleach] (of a woman), DDána 114.20 . ? Cf. connach a chuirp im chanag rind a ruisc, BDD² 1266 = connách a chuirp, LU 7732 .

comla

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comla or dil.ie/11379
Last Revised: 2013

 

n (-ae) d. f. (cf. con-luí). IGT Decl. § 7 .

Valve of door, window, etc.; lid; covering: c.¤ .i. com-lūt[h] .i. coma lūas tūas ┐ tīs, Corm. Y 236 . haec valua c.¤ , Ir. Gl. 125 . comhla .i. comlá thís ┐ túas, Ériu xiii 67 § 75 . comhla = a gate, portcullis, grate , Eg. Gl. 140 . tech miodhchuarta . . . dronchaol a ch.¤ , Ériu xiii 40.16 . im comhlaidh a thighe, 14.22 = imcomlainn, O'Dav. 376 . cosmail comlaid ōir / ūë Luirc Labraid, Ält. Ir. Dicht. 41 § 30 . di brisiud a chomlad (-ai, v.l.), Críth G. 214 . im ocht mbullu ara-fognat muilenn … comla concerning the eight parts that serve a mill … the sluicegate Studies on Early Ireland 14 . derc hi cinn na cobla `at the end of the door', Cáin Ad. 2 . c.¤ for cach senisteir, SR 188 . di senistir déc and co comlathaib glainidib fríu, LU 8733 ( FB 55 ). tech . . . eter fraig ┐ lár ┐ chomlada, Fing. R. 418 . córaigis comlaid cen chol / forin tiprait `lid', Metr. Dinds. iv 66.y . noco ndech c.¤ fri haieór (of an impossible eventuality), ZCP viii 111.15 . c.¤ umaide, LB 152b2 . comhladha gloinidhe, Ériu iii 156.20 . do sithlaighthi iatt tresin comloith n-io[i]rn amail ciaro tré línanairte, Aisl. Tond. 97.7 . mé ar cúlaibh a comhladh (of heaven), DDána 37.30 . cor eich ní chaigle go comhlaidh `thou dost . . . drive . . . Thy steed up to Hell's gates', Aithd. D. 77.27 . a raibhe ó slabhradh na comhladh asteach (of castle), AFM v 1638.14 . caithfe an dorus dá chomhlaidh do bheith air = two sides, RSClára 27b .

Extended applications: rogab iarum att in ingen . . . ┐ rodún a comlaid conustacht a hanail `her door' (uvula ?), Dinds. 21 = comlaich, LL 27722 . comhla dearc súlchorr Sadhbha eye-lid , DDána 99. 32 . ar comlaid na slige the door giving on to the road. Cymmr. xiv 104.11 . mo cumachta a comlaid mo chlaidim, TTebe 1309 v.l. (comlai[n]d, text). a ch.¤ sciath na Héirenn (to a shield). ACL ii 146.26 . Duan. F. i 34.11 . Fig. comhla an bháidh `the door of love', Aithd. D. 71.10 . lé comhlaidh chean, TSh. 1651 . eochair an cheóil ó sa ch.¤ (of a harp), Manners and Customs iii 258 n. Freq. protection, shelter : Petur . . . / . . . / mo ch.¤ nach camm. KMMisc. 256.14 . c.¤ cōicthi thūaiscirt hĒrenn, TBC-I¹ 3338 . do sgiath réidh, comhla na gcríoch, Magauran 2071 . a chuilinn . . . / a c[h]omhla re gáoith shelter against, BS 66.6 . comhla re fearuibh fiach, O'R. Poems 683 . Note also: comhla re rún ríogh Teamhra / síol Eadhra ar cúl na comhla, O'Hara 3961 - 2 (see n.). Of warriors: c.¤ ergaile, LU 4842 (TBC). ina c[h]omlaidh chothai[g]the curad (of warrior) `protecting door-valve', Fianaig. 86.9 . in c.¤ catha, Cog. 188.6 . Cf. a c.¤ catha . . . .i. a scieth, CCath. 4721 . in Chomla Chatha Cheltchair, LL 12514 ( Ériu iv 28 ). As n. pr.: trí meic Ersand ┐ Chomlod, BDD 1345 .

Lút

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Lút or dil.ie/31126

 

pn (Engl. loanword) Louth: Condae L.¤ , Cín Lae Ó Meall. 21.25 .

lúth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lúth or dil.ie/31131
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: lútha, lúith, lúdh, luud, lúd, lúthu, láth

n g s. lútha, lúith. l.¤, lúdh m., IGT Decl. § 38 . Verbs § 83 . Also luud, lúd. ?a p. lúthu, LU 8675 ( FB 51 ). See láth. Orig. vn. of luïd, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 571.

I As vn. act of moving : femidset lúd as nach leth, Metr. Dinds. ii 26.17 . lúd lúadrinna (sign of a good carpenter), Triads 118 . nír cuimciset luth a cos nó a lámh, CCath. 2100. ni bither fri lúd nadma na ratha uime, O'Curry 375 ( H 3.18, 208 ). dia coemsaitis a lama do luth if they were able to move their hands, CCath. 5692 . ro gab ac lúd reime (of lion) `began to sport', Grail 2086 . ic lúd fri araile, 2253 . ? Cf. ni codhnach araile luth anapta eipiltain an con, O'Curry 2525 ( Eg.88 f. 43 (44)b ). Of sentiment longing: do bhí a chroidhe ag l.¤ re na dhearbhrathair, Gen. xliii 30 . for (ar) l.¤ on the move : amal bis rothmol for luth, SR 199 . sailghe fada . . . ar luth fúithe, ALC ii 264.4 . a theanga . . . ar luth, MR 180.17 . a scor . . . ar l.¤ (leg. lúdh: úr) `at their speed', O'Gr. Cat. 474.19. eich ar l.¤, sról re sleghaibh, L. Cl. A. B. 100.191 . ar l.¤ ┐ ar luadhaill, TSh. 1677.

II

(a) power of movement, motion : is lúud leu teistiu fuile gl. veloces pedes eorum ad effundendum sanguinem, Wb. 2b1 . léim . . . .i. lūud sēim hē, Corm. Y 835 . bir co lúdh an automatic spit, Petrie's Tara 213.9 . lāth quasi luth [.i. iarsinní lúthas] `motion', Corm. Bodl. 10 . lūth ēoit futhachta glossed luthad do tre eút īar ndēnum fuiche de (one of four carnal sins), Anecd. v 25.3 . See fuiche. ilar n-én foleímdis tre lud eter na platantaib ordaib, BB 493b21 ( IT, ii2 99.1 `lustig', Alex. 597 ). re l.¤ éin, Duan. F. ii 368 § 22 . Of use of limbs: ma ro facad ní da luth isin cois `power', Laws iii 350.21 Comm . nim thá lúd hi cois no i llaim, LU 1256 ( Imr. Brain ii 288.3 ). lám argait co lánl.¤ cacha láma in cach meór (of silver hand of Nuadu), LL 1075 = BB 32b39 . laim airgid foair co luth cecai láma, RC xii 58 § 11 . mo chorp gan l.¤ , Keat. Poems 954 . l.¤ luaimneach a mhéar, 250 . tré iomad luith do bheith 'n-a chorp, Keat. ii 5216 . do thréig tu do l.¤ ┐ do neart, Oss. iv 2.3 . an mhuinghin . . . iona lúith (of King Cormac), Párl. na mB. 53 . Cf. perh. is mōr cosgar ruc le lūgh (: dūn), ZCP viii 229.11 .

Note also: ni duine iar fír he, acht diabul fo lúd duine in the guise of(?), LB 131b3 .

In various related senses: luth luas, Metr. Gl. Ff. 21 (v.l.). co rothóed in bó-sin / dá lóeg ar in l.¤ sin `because of her haste', Metr. Dinds. iv 70.18 . velocitatem .i. luth ōir bud lūaithi co mór . . . nā gaoth (of bodies of the glorious), RC xxviii 320 § 47 . ar imarcaid lúidh `excess of fleetness', MR 318.7 . Cf. fuluth .i. lūth foi, .i. utmall, Corm. Y 663. Feat: luth buadha glorious feat, Misc. Hag. Hib. 118.21 . in tsliasat tseng nó in glún geal / nachar mell lúgh d'a lingfeadh `never failed him in any athletic feat he might attempt', Ériu iv 218.12 . gasda a lúdh a dtrealam trom / leabar mong a súl rom ṡill, IGT Verbs ex. 739.

(b) In wider sense of vigour, power, energy : l.¤ Labrada, LU 3532 ( SCC 28 ) `the vehemence of L.', SGS vii 59 . l.¤ co ṅáni `power', Fél. Oct. 8 . la l.¤ aingel ngel / dobérthar nem dó power, LU 9861 . luth la fáebra, 8616 ( FB 46 ). l.¤ fiansa, TBC-LL¹ 5740 = luud fianna, TBC-I¹ 3423 (in rhetoric). in carpat . . . go ll.¤ go llúais, TBC-LL¹ 3374 . lassaid ar l.¤ lanésci, LU 7399 = BDD² 1027 . lingged ar failti . . . / David fria l.¤ (of D. dancing before the Ark of the Covenant), SR 6683. da cumuil dí dhóit ar luth ┐ nirt, Laws iv 362.1 Comm . fri l.¤ láech-Níall, Metr. Dinds. iv 222.8 . luth seirce sóerligi, LU 8328 ( FB 24 ). in Liath . . . co l.¤ ceithre crú, Comp. CC 102.2 . lúdh Fódla do-chíam na choinne, IGT Decl. ex. 1211. nirbo luth re letredh doib-suim ┐ nirbo turrac gan tubha, CCath. 5796 (prov. expressions describing weak opposition in battle). lúdh foda nach fuil n-a urd, Magauran 1278 `energy sustained but not methodical', Notes. o doficed a l.¤ lathair battle-fury, LU 6415 ( TBC-I¹ 1900 ). l.¤ lathair, TBC-LL¹ 1709 , 2559 . luth legha `a physician's strength' (name of letter ng in Briatharogham of Morann m. Máin), Auraic. 5561 . ní heasbaidh lúith ná láthair, Keat. Poems 1085. E. . . . co l.¤ leómain `with a lion's spirit', Metr. Dinds. iv 118.135 . l.¤ ┐ lámach dexterity and marksmanship: in mac rígh ba ferr l.¤ ┐ lámach, Acall. 223 . gan mac ríogh ná taoisigh ag fogluim lúith ná lámhaigh, Keat. iii 2771 . ní tacha lúid ná lámhaigh, O'Gr. Cat. 504.21 . ag dénaim lúidh ┐ lámuigh, 508.6 . See 2 lámach. Sustenance: lúth cethrae 'sustenance of cattle' Ériu xxxix 136 . lúth bech 'sustenance of bees' ibid . lúth lega 'sustenance of a leech' ibid .

g s. as attrib.: a gclesa lúith (leg. lúidh: búidh) athletics, O'Gr. Cat. 472.20 . almai énlaithe lúith speedy, LU 8662 ( FB 49 ). ra daṅgnigit drochti lúith di lúthechaib mobile, LL 239b1 ( TTr. 1675 ). raforbad ám in saethar sin co railaied for al-lind luith, LL 219a10 ( TTr. 144 ) (dock?). s dá dhá gealghlaic leabhra lúith nimble, Dánta Gr. 30.19 . baccain lūith, Celt. Rev. x 346.4 . cor luith, ZCP x 295.28 . a mhaighre lúidh learg Line active salmon (of prince), L. Cl. A. B. 121.43 . féitheach lúth (MS. lúith) a chuirp nimble muscles, Ériu v 180.300 . léim lúid (lúda) vigorous bound : ní a leith a chémend do-chúaidh / an Múaid ag breith lémend lúidh, IGT Decl. ex. 1256 . táinic soin dá léim lúdha / béim súla ┐ goin ghrádha, ex. 989 . rugais ocht léimeanna lúidh (addr. to Christ, of Incarnation etc.), Dán Dé xxix 18 . tucc mo chroidhe gan léim lúith, ACL iii 305 § 6 . eite lúith: eite lúidh na lachan the plumage by which it can fly, IGT Verbs ex. 102 . Transferred: eite lúidh fheirge t'oidhir `thy Son's swift-speeding anger', Aithd. D. 67.27 . linn lúith life-blood: a linn lúidh gur fhear t'oidhir (of Christ on the cross), 19 (`lake of life'). mo dhínchrios taobha-sa, mo lionn lúdha-sa (of prince), DDána 70.11 . lionn lúith na locht, TSh. 2318.

In chevilles: l.¤ ro fes, LL 259a22 . luth n-alta, SR 3031. diluth glan with clear vigour, 5913 .

(c) joy, rejoicing : rongab l.¤ 'ma lan-aicsin, Metr. Dinds. iv 24.14 . subuchus ┐ l.¤ , TTr.² 527 . fáth lúidh is fáth faitcheasa / dhúinn an tráth fa ttiocfasa, IGT Decl. ex. 1058 . rogab luth lanmór iarla Aimbri ar faiccsin a maic `great joy', ZCP vi 76.22 . a lúdh innte dá huaisleacht `the bright joy in her is part of her noble nature', O'Hara 3514 . ro gabh l.¤ ┐ forbfailtechus iad, BNnÉ 110 § 44 . In phrase is l.¤ la x x is eager (to), pleased (with): ni solum (.i. luth) leis dul i cert he is not eager to resort to law, O'Curry 431 ( H 3.18, p. 234 ). rob l.¤ leo-san sin, ZCP xiii 197.5 . tochd ar cuan mar nar l.¤ linn `a thing we liked not', Magauran 2850 . Cf. ba luthmenma (? leg. l.¤ menma) lasin imperi na scēla-sin, ZCP vi 274.10 . O'Conbuidi as lúd lind `who is dear to us', Hy Fiach. 260.16 . lút[h] la cridhi (cheville), Snedg. u. Mac R 10 § 23.

Appar. in sense of 1 lúithech in: cengailter luth da laime deise `fasten your right hand', Ériu viii 56.32 .

Compds. Usually alliterating. ¤chles. In pl.: lúth-clesa leinim `dexterous feats of a child', MR 294.9 . ¤ettech: a lán lúitheitigh, L. Cl. A. B. 98.136 . ¤ḟoimtiu: tri trenbeimenna . . . do luthḟoimittin a lama defensive vigour(?) `sinews'(?), MR 300.25 . ¤gáir, -e, see separate entry. ¤géc: a labhartha sa lúithghéaga, Ó Bruad. iii 2.10 . ¤glacc: ar lagad . . . a lam ┐ a luthghlac umpu, LL 409b4 . ¤graig: lán do lúithghreadhaibh, L. Cl. A. B. 94.2 . ¤léim: clesamnaig fri clesaib ┐ lúth-léimendaib, Alex. 469 . ¤lige: ? conlee M. . . . / l. la C. `will be a rigorous bed-fellow', Imr. Brain i 24 § 51 = l.¤ lige `effective intercourse', Murphy Lyrics 39.19 cf. luth seirce, LU 8328 above. ¤rochtain: lúthrochtain dúine Dé, Aithd. D. 76. 20 . Note also: ech luath lutlugmar, LL 189a18 . See , 1 luud.

tís

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tís or dil.ie/40973
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: thís

adv. later thís. See also tísana.

(a) below : cotam-róither | t.¤ túas ar cech mélacht, Fél. Ep. 70 . comla .i. com-lūt[h] .i. coma lūas tūas ┐ tīs, Corm. Y 236 . do ḟéith bic bis fon tengaid this gl. sublingue, Ir. Gl. Gild. Lor. 132 . iar conair thís ... iarsin conair uachtaraigh, Trip. 134.15 . gabais ... línfhūathróicc tīs ime, MacCongl. 63.4 . ni accatarsom cinnas bói t.¤ a híchtur no a huachtur túas, LU 1926 . cele dond fir uccut t.¤ , 5599 (TBC). at-chondarc a cloideb n-órduirn occo thís, BDD² 1004 . muchthair in tene bái thís, LL 207a36 = báidhtear in tene bói tshís, Duan. F. i 30.5 . robudh ferr lim t.¤ | gid oibhni dam túas on foot , Celt. Rev. iii 204 . a deg-áes dána-sa thís, CRR 16.13 . cá seadh teine ar a tí thíos | muna dtí gríos nimhe anuas, DDána 119.9 . maol na gualann budh toll thíos | ón chronn bhíos nuabharr anuas, 14 . (Cryptic) tinnichis .i. tis, Goid. 78 § 189 (Dúil Laithne) , ZCP xlix-l 612 .

(b) referring to a later passage in a book, below : co ro recrad don merita t.¤ , Lib. Hymn. 15 gl. 13 . tar muir tancatar na daine so, ocus nihed tancatar na daine tiss, Laws i 128.20 Comm. ni sund indister acht i leith dered in libair t.¤ , PH 54.

(c) in the north : ar do ṡíothchain gidh beag troigh | ni thiubhroinn duibh don taoibh thíos, Content. xxvii 14 . a fhir thíos, 17 . ní rach síos ó Chruachain Chuinn | 's nach tíos uathaibh do anfuinn, Ir. Monthly 1927, 311.35 . an Cnocán Ruadh so thuas ... is Cnoc Fírinne thíos, ITS xi 16.