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4 a

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 a or dil.ie/5
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: á, an, an, i, ind, ina, ina, na, na, na, a, a, a, a, a, a, a, a

pron demonstrative relative, nasalising, that which, what . On the spelling á see Celtica ii 339 - 40 . Orig. neut. art., GOI § 473 (cf. 5 a). Combines with ro to form arro (in later lang. ar): arrolegais, Wb. 28d7 , but an- (the usual form before vowels) is also found: anrogadammar, Wb. 15c22 . anró gad, Trip.² 1370 . an ro-ráidis, PH 726 . an raibhe, Keat. ii 265 . In later language also spelt i n-: i n-atconnarc, LU 3322 . ind digní, Mon. Tall. 134.20 (§ 21) . Also ina n-: ina mboí, LU 8416 (H). ina fuaratar, Ann. Conn. 1235.13 . na n-: na tongat, Sc.M² 16 . na n-dingentar, TBC-LL¹ 6179 . na ndenaid, Auraic. 58 . In O.Ir. folld. by absolute and deuterotonic form of vb. a n-asbiur, Wb. 17d12 ; but later the conjunct and prototonic forms become common (see Bergin, Ériu xi 139 n.1 ): a taibred, Sc.M² 1 . a sir, Dán Dé xxiii 37 . a ndenat, PH 2858 . When the demonst. rel. is plural in meaning personal pronouns referring to it are plural: a n-as sīrem diib, Ériu ii 130 § 102 . The vb. may also be pl. a mbid . . . de neithibh, Desid. 5724 . a rabhadar do liagaibh cloch, Keat. ii 3504 . a bhfuilti corrtha those of you who are tired, Donlevy 216.6 .

Frequently cecha n- whatever, however much, etc., see cech.

(a) As nom.: an as suthin, Wb. 13d9 . anasberthar ho giun what is spoken, 5d14 . for nem a (an v.l.) conrúalae . . . as mó mílib míle, Fél. Ep. 25 . arrobúi isind tsaltir nuli the whole contents of the Psalter, Mon. Tall. 133.11 (§ 16) . a nas aithgin do airechaib feda iseadh is dire do athechaib feadha, Laws iv 152.5 Comm. seachnuim a mbí a n-éintigh, Desid. 6426 . a dtarla dá chóir, TSh. 762 .

(b) As accus.: á fil etarru what is between them, Wb. 27d19 . tuicci an gaibes in salm, 12d42 . a pridchimmeni what we preach, 15b14 . a forchongair do chomalnad, 5c23 . a ndogensa what I shall do, LU 8082 ( FB 6 ). tongu-sa a toinges mo thúath, MU² 928 . mā rosaigh a broth a n-rosaig a blas `if its broth attains what its taste attains', RC xii 86 § 91 . ar ordaigh an t-aingeal-sain, Dán Dé xiv. 14 .

(c) With follg. partitive DI: a ndudesta . . . di foirbthetu, Wb. 1a9 . a césme di cach imniud, 13c7 . anrofiugrad di Críst `what has been figured of Christ', 15a34 . a mbaī di mnāib . . . hi Cūailṅge, TBC-I¹ 868 . a nrobíth leis día slōgaib, 1657 . an fogebed in gilla di scothaib, Trip.² 365 . ni hairemthar ar' marbad do macaib rí, RC xviii 173.13 . With different order of words: a n-du imnedaib . . . fo-daimi, Ml. 55d11 . a ndo ligdath doadbat, Ériu ii 114 § 39 .

With copula and superl.: a n-as sirem diib `the longest of them', Ériu ii 130 § 102 . a n-romba dech do thimthagaib flatha fer nGaoidel the best of the garments . . ., Corm. Y 1059 . an-as dech foruaradar do echraidh in righ, Marco P. 35 . i mba fearr do cach berla ┐ a nba leithiu ┐ a mba caemu `what was best . . .', Auraic. 1053 . in rop messa día muintir , RC x. 184.24 . Note also: is a mbeo beres a n-as beodu ┐ i na[s] segondo, TBC-I¹ 693 (compar. for superl.?). Less frequently with partitive gen.: doberat a n-as dech sét in dúine, TBFr. 419 . con-aitcetar ferann fair .i. an ba dech Mide, Dinds. 78 ( RC xv. 478 ).

(d) With prec. prep. (frequent in later lang.): do-farget (sic leg.) a rro-fera ar-a ferthar fris `he offers what he has given for what is given to him', Laws v 502.22 (see however GOI 680 ). ni tabair dír[e] asa n-gatass, Ir. Recht 22 § 24 (see GOI 298, 680 ). farnan bechtae on what is not certain, Bürgschaft 20 § 60 ( GOI 298, 680 ). bui dliged . . . fora raibhi do Thartraidhibh, Marco P. 82 . nach smuainid air a nabruid, Donlevy 468.13 . Gort an Óir ghairthear don Mhaigh . . . ó n-ar bronnadh d'ór lais-sean . . . ann `from the quantity of gold', Keat. ii 4470 . tré n-ar imreadar d'ulc air `on account of the injury they had done him', 4634 . tréas a ndearnsad do bhagar air, Desid. 3429 . Most frequently with DI, giving mod. dia, approximating to a new rel. particle: duine d'a marand indíu any man of those now living, PH 7318 . gach ní dā ndubrais, Feis Tighe Chonáin 105 . na h-uili obuir trocuire diar mol in eglus, ZCP vi 25.4 . ni ternō nech dona tainic anoir `of those that came . . .', Dinds. 23 ( RC xv. 323 ). an aenridiri is lugha dob olc da roibhi ina aimsir, ZCP vi 100.12 . gach aon dár fhás ┐ dá bhfásfaidh every one who has sprung and will spring, TSh. 13 . Temporal use: feacht n-æn da roibhe Cond Cetcathach, Ériu iii 150 . fecht n-aen dá táncatar, Acall. 361 . laithe n-aen … da raibe Find, 5737 . feacht n-aen da tainic Find, 5917 . la da raibhi Crist, Smaointe B. Chr. 1754 . gach úair da dtéighinn ’na theach, L. Cl. A. B. 187 § 9 . fechtus dia m-bui E. hi Frémainn, IT i 128 § 15 . fecht eli da raibe C. .c. a nDruim Cet, BCC 146.5 . lá airithi da ndechaid C. .c. do Temraig, 126.20 . feacht n-aon da ttainic Columcille, Anecd. iii 6 . feacht dia m-báttar, Hy Fiach. 336.1 . Also with acht: co tuctha a longa leó acht a ndechaidh ar éicin, RC xvii 361.17 (Tig.).

(e) When the antecedent is a noun the rel. clause is syntactically gen.: ar comalnad andotairrngert `to fulfil what he had promised', Mon. Tall. 146.20 (§ 51) . i farrad na n-dingentar innossa, TBC-LL¹ 6178 . cuirter fesa uathaib co hAth Cliath ar cend ar ḟacsat and do Gallaib, RC xviii 289.30 (Tig.). ag soin críoch ar chanamor `that is the sum of what I have sung', TD 15.54 . ag clos a ndoirtid, Desid. 4282 . ar son a ndéineann, 731 .

ad-aig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-aig or dil.ie/259
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: a-tom-aig, a-tob-aich, a-tn-agat, adagar, adagatar, a-tn-aig, ad-aigtis, ad-n -agad, atagtha, a-tan-ebla, adeblad, adacht, adachtatár, atachtsat, adacht, adachta, at(n)aigid

v Usually given as compd. of aigid ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 451 ), but in conjunct position -aig only is found. Perh. orig. ad-aig, -aig, a verb of the type described GOI § 543 (a) (ro-cluinethar etc.). Hence ad-aig here with deut. forms only and without vn. In mid. Ir. very common with tautological inf. pron. 3 s.m. (atn-aig). See aigid.

Indic. pres. 3 s. a-tom-aig, Wb. 10d26 . a-tob-aich, 9c20 . 3 pl. a-tn-agat, TBFr. 273 . Pass. sg. adagar, BB 252b27 . Pl. adagatar, Críth G. 93 . Ipv. 2 s. a-tn-aig, TBC-I¹ 935 . Indic. impf. 3 pl. ad-aigtis, MR 256.24 . Subj. impf. 3 s. ad-n -agad, Laws v 466.5 . Pass. sg. atagtha, Ériu ii 122 § 63 . Fut. 3 s. a-tan-ebla, Sc.M² § 3 . 3 pl. adeblad, RC xxi 382.12 v.l. pret. 3 s. adacht, LL 4899 . 3 pl. adachtatár, LU 5344 . atachtsat, Leb. Gab.(i) 116.16 . Pass. sg. adacht, LL 13608 . Pl. adachta, Dinds. 128 ( RC xvi 80 ). Later as simple vb. at(n)aigid.

(a) drives, impels to (DO): cid atobaig dó `what impels you to it?' Wb. 19d10 . is foirbthetu hirisse attotaig do neoch dogní `we know it is perfection of faith that impels thee to what thou doest', 6c16 . cid atobaich cen dílgud cech ancridi dognethe frib `what impels you not to forgive every injury that may have been done to you?', 9c20 . dílmaine aisndísen atannaig[n]i do, Ml. 93d12 . ar is ainbfius ┐ seimple adidnuid do, Laws i 94.7 . adaig a mmairtorad do digh `the produce of the sea impels one to drink', Ériu xii 20 § 25 . atnaig G. dó assin tig G. drove him out of the house, LL 13590 . atnaig dó for teiched, 13610 . Of driving animals etc.: fer adaig secht mbu i tir a cheile, Laws iii 128.2 . fer idaig cethra . . . ina fér . . . amail bid a cethra fodesin adnagad ind, v 466.4 . at-nagar gamain istech die marbad, Ériu vii 198 § 6 . ad-nagar cæra histech, 199 § 7 = doberar, 6 §§ 6, 7 . atnaigset na huain . . . docum a mmaithrech, Lism. L. 86 . adnaig tar fot cruach i nardnimed `he brings him away over gory sod into a high sanctuary', Ériu xii 83.14 . adacht Laigniu he drove the Leinstermen before him, LL 4899 . a.¤ i tenid sets on fire : adachtatár in crích hi tenid, LU 5344 (TBC). Note also: atan-ebla i luim luaith who will reduce us to bare ashes, Sc.M² 3 . ? adadar (adagar v.l.) tene ind, Trip.² 605 . atasaigid hi tenid, Cymmr. xiv 114.13 .

(b) pushes, thrusts, places, puts: ataig in cendáil occo isin sudi faire he puts the head beside him, LU 9093 ( FB § 84 ). benais mír don staic . . . ┐ ataig . . . ina beol, MacCongl. 65.11 ( LB 217a28 ). atnaig in di oibill . . . isin tellach, adnaidh a formna re comlaidh in dorois, Aen. 2296 . roadnacht F. grainne n-oir fo slinnen [a maic], ZCP ii 134 § 4 (form influenced by ad-anaig). atnaig C. foí atherruch C. thrusts him under it again (of wrestling in water), LU 5232 (TBC) = TBC-I¹ 755 . ataig a bratt tairsiu a triur, IT ii2 210.65 . ce at agtha fo claideb `though they were put to the sword', Ériu ii 122 § 63 . atnaigh-sium a mher tharse plied his finger over it (of playing the harp), RC vi 183.15 . atagat láim tairsiu they ravage them LL 231b5 ( TTr. 1046 ). atagat . . . cath cróda they prosecute a valiant fight TFerbe 741 . atnaig a bendachtain for Jacob, LB 114a5 . a.¤ aithne (for) recognises: ad-n-aig Corpre Músc aithne conarb' é Mac Con 'Corpre Músc realized that it was not Mac Con', CMMucr. (CCA) 92 § 13 . atnaigh in ingen aichne fair, IT i 126.9 .

(c) inflicts, imposes on (FOR): ataigh Midir . . . tri plagha foraibh, BB 390a39 . ataig cummasc . . . forsna slúagu `he caused the slaughter of the hosts', TTr.² 1480 . atachtsat (.i. tucsat) doeire forra, Leb. Gab.(i) 116.16 . atnagar rátha ┐ nadmand tenna . . . for muintir C. fria comall, MacCongl. 23.3 . ataigtis ratha airib / secht n-airig ata inir, LL 2596 . cach nidnacul .i. adanaig fair in flaith, O'Curry 830 (H 3.18, 380b). attaig Moysi forro in dam orda . . . do merliugud M. obliges them to destroy (?) the golden calf, BB 241a47 = atnaig, LB 120a37 . YBL 291a27 .

(d) proffers, gives: tescaid . . . in clérech a lúdain de ┐ atnaig don filid, Fél. 70.9 . ataig in poíc di ar dig, LL 4598 = dorat ind póice dí ar dig, Ériu iv 102.2 . adnaig side grád don gilla, RC v 200 § 15 . atnagar biad doib, MR 10.12 . ataig cuit cach trir, LU 1816 . atnagar cennacht macraidi Ulad do Choin Chulaind, LU 10494 . atnaghar doib Cú na cles `C. is surrendered to them', Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 44.22 . adnaigh .i. tabairt nó tidlacad ut est atnaigh uait surrender it, O'Dav. 131 . Of giving a blow: ataig taithbéim dia claidiub dóib, LU 3264 ( SCC § 6 ). atnaig T. bulli do, LL 329a7 .

(e) carries, brings: ataig C. lais ina fúair d'ór, TFerbe 745 . atnaig corp a athar leiss, LU 2796 . atnagad leo cen fhis they take him with them, YBL 139a45 .

(f) raises, puts forth (cry, shout): atreset iarsin ┐ dobérat (atbelat, adeblad, addeablatt v.l. ) an óengáir eisib, RC xxi 382.12 and n. andar lat batar fir betha adaigdis breisim foé Ériu xii 178 § 7 . atnagat a ṅgol, TBFr. 273 . ataig a díchelta ass he gives forth his secrets, LU 4457 . atnaig a gloim n-archon for aird, LL 12897 .

(g) a.¤ mnaí takes a wife (cf. do-beir m.): atnaigh mnai an Dunchada `he married the wife of D.', TFrag. 56.9 .

(h) undertakes, sets about, begins (with oc and vn.): atnagait (leg. ata-agat, Stories from Táin) . . . oc imtrascrad they set to wrestling, LU 5230 (TBC). atagat (atberat v.l. Ériu iv 102.41 ) ca rád ra Níall / dul don tiprait . . ., LL 4604 . attaig Isac ac lamachtad a láimí, BB 236b18 . atnaig oc blassachtaig `he began smacking his lips', MacCongl. 47.12 . Note also: atnaig in druí . . . for imthecht, Metr. Dinds. iv 60.29 . adnaig for iarraidh A `he went in search of A', Aen. 2656 .

(i) goes, proceeds: atnaig Ethne fades, LU 4465 . adnaig remib co Mag nGlass he sets out at their head to Mag nGlass, Ériu v 236.64 . atnaig E. i cocud crúaid `E. departs to stern strife', Metr. Dinds. iv 68.129 . adnaigh 'san imruagadh `he betook himself to flight', Aen. 2846 . atnaig and lá n-óen i m-boith aroli meic lēgind he goes into the cell of a certain student, MacCongl. 53.21 . atnagat uile inna agaid fadeoig, RC v 199 § 8 . atnagat (do chuiriter v.l.) nói do chauradaib ina dochum dia marbad, Otia ii 86 § 4 . atnaigim isin cuchtair, MacCongl. 91.17 . ataigimm isin tech mor, z 0 . Impers. atnagar hi cend breithi do breith they proceed to judge, 21.13 .

ad-slig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-slig or dil.ie/575
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: adslig, adsléi, aslacht, aslaigid, faslaigid, aslach

v (* ad-slig-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 631 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. adslig, Wb. 14d27 . Subj. pres. 3 s. adsléi, 20b2 . Perf. 3 s. ro aslacht , SR 1404 . Later as simple vb. aslaigid, faslaigid. Vn. aslach.

Tempts, entreats, urges, tries to induce. Usually with FOR and follg. verbal phrase: ciadsléi nech fuirib `though anyone tempt you', Wb. 20b2 . where the sense is to be completed by the Lat. ueritati non obaedire. ró aslacht foraib ainmne do dénum entreated them to be patient, Trip.² 2790 . is si ro aslaig fair combad he bad reilic adnacthi dó, LU 4109 . is me roaslaig for Adam . . . in imarbus ┐ for Cain Aibel do marbad, Fél. 74.26 . noaslaicfind for ind ríg na dernai olc fritt I would persuade the king not to harm you, Anecd. iii 74.13 . is ed ro-aslaigset Barabás do anocul ┐ Ísu do crochad this is what they urged, to release B. and crucify Jesus, PH 3272 . co roaslaighset for A. . . . techt do thóchuiriudh Achíl, TTr.² 1451 . ro fhaslaig ar áis ┐ ar écin fors in uile chinead . . . a adrad amal Dia, LB 235a17 . nacha nfasluighiunn dlighedh ar duine `the law does not require of a man', Laws ii 222.23 Comm. aisleōchad-sa Fearghus fēisin teacht ann 'I will persuade Fergus himself to go there', BDC 252.476​​ . Note also: ro aslaigh iad im chomhalladh in ro geallsat, AFM v 1872.23 . do asluigheadar . . . cead suaimhnis dóib féin, Maguires of F. § 66 . co ro faslaiged gradh Aenias i cridhi Didaine `and instil love of A. in the heart of D.' Aen. 386 . roaslaighsium . . . gorta for a muintir we have brought down famine on his people, CCath. 4587 . roaslaig mōr n-uar / isin mBrosnaig bāin `he endured much cold', BColm. 16.23 .

áeraid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áeraid or dil.ie/639

Forms: áerad, áertha

v (áer): ce nonmolid ce nonairid `whether ye blame us' (gl. per gloriam et ignobilitatem), Wb. 16a1 . satirizes, lampoons: nir' áerad lia muintir / Cenn-faelad abb Bennchuir, Fél. Apr. 8 . cein mair molthiar . mairg áerthiar Áed, LU 355 (ACC). mairg in íath ecnairc airthíar, 357 . ni romaerad-sa . . . riam i cinaid mo drochthidnacuil, RC iii 178.8 . asbert in fili nod naírfed dia áithgiud ┐ no áerfad a athair. . ., LU 10947 . ba dībech in rī frisna filedu: ranaersat co tarla teora bolga corcra for a grūaid, ZCP vii 300.17 . ( Ériu xiii 46 ). diabul n-eirce feib aighthe aertar, Laws v 228 x . ni aora, ní áorthar munab tar toirgsin ngill día ghruaidhe gris, Ériu xiii 17.18 . fili .i. fī a n-aoras ┐ lī a mmolas . . ., Corm. Y 600 = filidh .i. ani ærais, Auraic. 669 ; ani aorus, 3308 . nus-oerub ┐ nus-anfialub, RC xii 90 § 115 . no āerad ┐ no molad cach, MacCongl. 9.3 . ro aorsat iaramh muintir Uiginn, AFM iv 818.6 .

Vn. áerad. Part. áertha, Tec. Corm. § 7.16 . IGT Verbs § 80 .

aiccid, accaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aiccid, accaid or dil.ie/760

n tenant, farmer(?): atrocratar acaide in tire leis, CCath. 2901 . accaidi do gabhail, 1227 . muintir Rabhartaigh . . . Coloman an Sgríne ┐ acaid[e] rígh ó bhFhiachrach, Hy Fiach. 172.3 . acaidheadha .i. aittreabthaigh nó tionóntaige, O'Cl. Freq. found in association with the name Fiachu, youngest son of Cathaír Mór: attreib Cathāir / cōecait mbliadne būanḟlaith / a.¤ Fiacha fīrmaith / flaith ḟechair ḟūamdaith F. was a peasant, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 17 § 16 . sil Fiachach ba ha.¤ , Rawl. 124a22 . Fiachu ba ha.¤ can as roainmniged, 36 . Cathaer Mar mandrad Brega / Fiachu fer ba haicceda, 83a48 . Fiaca Baiccida .i. ba ha.¤ .i. in aicce a brathar, BB 253b4 . Fiachu baccid, LL 315b54 . ro bai [Fiacha] . . . a [bh]fail a bhráithreach . . . conidh de sin ro lil F. Fa hAicidh de ar a bheith a n-aicci a bhráithreach, Leb. Cert. 202.y . Cf. 1 aicde?

ainéchtach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainéchtach or dil.ie/1271

adj o, ā (ainécht) given to evil or violent deeds: ar marbad Chellaich chrechtaich / da ḟir-muintir ainechtaich, Metr. Dinds. iii 414.26 . ba heitigh aineachtac a dealbh . . . i lleth ra C., RC xliii 78.4 . As adv. tucc . . . a aghaidh go haneuchtach ar cath Conghal, ITS v 62.5 .

airbertnaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airbertnaigid or dil.ie/1628
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: airbert(n)ugud

v (airbert) Meaning uncertain in: is medhōn aratairberat (.i. airbertnaighit) ina cethra so ciasanechtar foferthar work, operate(?), Anecd. v 24.18 . isechtair in duine airbertnaighit na hernaile faillsigugud in coiri do impó oc dénum in aircetail, 26 n.2 . intan isa cethbliadain ra airbertnaigh ria . . . cid fota gur airbertnaighthea ria, O'D. 2366 ( Rawl. B. 506 fo. 43b ).

In Laws Comm. usually translated offers as excuse, pleads (so also Laws Gloss.): ma ro airbertnaighestair nech dia muintir a comairce ina égmais `if one of his people pleaded his protection in his absence', Laws iv 230.13 Comm. man[i] ro airbertnaig a faesam, i 100.5 Comm. ni ro airbhertnaigh cur gabhadh athgabhail, 194.4. Comm. munur airbertnuigh in breiteamnus do breith, ii 334.4 Comm. damad i in turbaid sin ro airbertnaiged, iii 394.7 Comm. nir airbertnaigh nach ac elod ro bi, 430.28 Comm. tacra la fear nad airbir a leass a n-airecht .i. tagra laisin fear nad airbertnaigenn a leas uodein isin airecht, v 252.27 Comm. intan ro airbertnaiged riu cona bu dir do[ib] fechemnus do dénum, O'D. 1658 (H. 5.15, p. 22b) `it was pleaded against them that they were not qualified', Plummer MS. notes. dia nairbertnaighe na haidhe achtrann amaille ris in ngalur . . . is athchor . . . ar do muinathar is dia ceilt ro airbernaig, O'Curry 2307 ( Eg. 88, 23b ).

Vn. airbert(n)ugud.

airec

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airec or dil.ie/1890

o, gender uncertain, see GOI p. 448 . Vn. of ar-icc. Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 552 .

(a) act of finding, obtaining; acquiring: ordd airic fil fuiri gl. x . . . quae nouissime a Latinis assumpta post omnes ponitur, Sg. 4b9 . Cf. ord arric crutha na ndul, Laws i 26.6 Comm. ara airiuc far diull tanaisiu `for its being found in the second declension', Sg. 106b20 . re n-a.¤ éta ┐ω gl. sicut etiam apud antiquissimos Graecorum erant ante inuentionem η et ω, 5a11 . is cuit airicc camai ni gaib airechas gl. inuenio igitur legem resistentem uolenti mihi facere bonum, Wb. 3d8 . is suaichnid sund tra as rect maid asmbeir do airiuc túas gl. legi Dei, 10 . a.¤ .i. faghail, ut est a.¤ cinn Johannis ( Fél. Feb. 27 ), O'Dav. 75 . is andso fri ha.¤ `it is difficult to acquire' (of learning a game), Ériu v 30 z . cuithchi airricc `a pitfall', vii 152.16 .

(b) act of inventing, devising; invention, contrivance, plan: aireacc .i. inntleacht, O'Cl. ēces .i. . . . ēcmacht a ches d[o] airiuc i cetheora rannaib fis filidechta, Corm. Y 538 . cethardai condagar da cech elathain .i. locc ┐ aimser ┐ persa ┐ fáth airicc the cause of composition, Fél. 2 . fath airic, Laws i 26.9 . caide loc ┐ aimser ┐ persu ┐ fath airic in ogaim? BB 308b44 . fāth airicc a dēnma .i. do díchor in luin crāeis, MacCongl. 3.10 . ros-bendach Dia na dúile ┐ ro faillsig fáth a n-airicc the reason for their creation, Fél. 2.33 . issed cethardha ara taisilbthar int psailm alis personis: airecc intliuchta ┐ gnathugad cetail . . . inventiveness of mind, Hib. Min. 5.160 . frith airecc ingnadh ┐ elada firglicc le muintir C., CCath. 2139 . dognítis airci druadh ┐ brechta nua, 3956 . dus cred aireacc do ghendais da saoradh ar dhilinn, Leb. Gab.(i) 10.7 . in fuigbi airicc dī tresa roised in tarb do comaentugud fria . . . is í airig forfuair in cerd .i. bó cranda do dhénum dhí . . ., ZCP iv 238.27 . conidh edh airecc fuairset cuibhrighi do chur fair (of conspirators), BNnÉ 296 § 30 . is e airic arancatar Greic each cranda do denum plan, Aen. 416 . bá sé airecc ar rainicc lais celcc do indell, AFM vi 1976.y . ba hi so . . . oirecc pene nua fogebthea forru a new means of inflicting pain, LB 156b55 . ? aireg .i. sgíath, ut est Táin: mo a.¤ dam a Láigh or C., Ériu xiii 64 § 34 . aireac .i. sgiath, Stowe Gl. 23 . arach .i. sciath, 200 . ? deil i na.¤ laime, O'Curry 591 ( H 3.18, 291 ). See Lochlann ii 211 . In cheville: amru aireg, Anecd. i 57 § 61 . In phrase A.¤ menman device, plan, project: basedh aireag menman arriocht la hUa nD. `this was the plan adopted by O'D.', Hugh Roe² 168.6 (fo. 43a) . conad hi a.¤ menman forfhuair `project', Marco P. 191 . ba mor . . . aireg meanman na mban so resourcefulness, Leb. Gab.(i) 158 n.8 . contuiled cach n-aidchi oca comaidecht do airic menman conda thainic a sult ┐ a feth `he used to sleep every night by her side comforting her', Ériu xii 156.3 (TE2). In title of a tale: a.¤ Menman Uraird Maic Coisse, Anecd. ii 42 ; `Verstandes-Erfindung', Heldensage 21 .

(c) providing, supplying (food, entertainment, etc.): trian a toraid cacha bliadna doratsat fria haireac (of a feast), BB 255a41 . dochōid for m'einech . . . a.¤ (tairec v.l.) co A. ┐ M. co mbúaib, ZCP iv 44.29 ( TBFr. 363 ). oc airiuc don t-ṡlúag os a cind, IT i 67.3 (LMU). coma hairec(h) aibhnisa d'ocaibh . . . eisteacht . . . , pleasure , BB 257b15 . Esp. in phrase a.¤ tuile waiting on, pleasing, satisfying , see tol I (d).

(d) act of determining, guiding: luamhaire . . . do a.¤ no do fhollamnacht na hecalsa, Lism. L. 2741 . doréir in tsenaidh ┐ airicc in popoil `by the will of the senate and the finding of the people', CCath. 76 .

airiugad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airiugad or dil.ie/2156

Forms: airigin

vn. of airigidir. Also airigin. act of perceiving, noticing; perception: is feta in t-airiughadh, is adobra in rad, Anecd. ii 32.6 . nírb innsaige gan airaegadh in innsaige-sin `an attack coming unawares', Fianaig. 72.22 . ni gnath . . . uasal-tres gan airigiu `without a proem', MR 94.12 . ag a.¤ an fhedhma sin, ML² 19 . dolluid Bóand . . . cosin tobur . . . d'airigud a chumachta `to make trial of its power', Metr. Dinds. iii 30.56 . arnā gabdaois fir sīde for Erind cen airiugud dō-som, ZCP iii 458.18 . ní theiged isin mag can arigud do Lǽg, TBC-LL¹ 1811 . nir bo mied leo a airechad da mbidbadaib, CCath. 2842 . gan fairiugud do[m] muintir , Aen. 164 . Note also: ag airighin a eachroidhe tending , ZCP x 284.5 . oirighin, 292.22 . (The above exx. function rather as vn. of 2 airid, ed.)

airlithir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airlithir or dil.ie/2222
Last Revised: 2019

v (cf. 1 airle)

(a) advises, counsels: is he nodairlestar ar a gais it was he gave advice on account of his wisdom, Ériu iii 140.158 (= conid he roscobair tria gaes, Cymmr. xiv 116 § 17 ). dilmuin do boethuib nad nairliut gaith fools whom the wise do not advise are exempt, Laws ii 82.7 = na nairliter, O'Curry 684 (H. 3.18 p. 333). Cf. airlethfimne na hóga .i. do ghéunam leathnughadh no comhairliughadh ar na laochaibh, O'Cl. (airle). With prep. DO: is and airlestar Eithne . . . dia haitib dul doib . . . advised her fosterers, Ériu iii 140.156 (= dobreth E. iarsin comairle dia meithre, Cymmr. xiv 116 § 17 ). ? táet Lugaid chuci or Ailill ┐ ara n-airlathar dó in n-ingin and let him advise him [to accept] the girl(?), LU 5864 = taet L. chuci or siat, ┐ aranarlathar, ZCP ix 154.22 (see ad-gládathar).

(b) consults, asks advice of: airliter cumni cóich comarbai cré, LU 3474 ( SCC² § 25 `let memories be consulted to learn to which heir the land belongs'). collaa dún . . . issa ndúnad co n-airlither (.i. co n-iarfaigea) Lugaid mac Nóiss, 5991 ( TBC-I¹ 1523 ). is imbe rotairles sech na ridiribh eile, Grail 2846 . deliberates, considers: mani airlestar, TBC-I¹ 74 (`if heed is not taken of him', Faraday 5 ).

(c) takes a resolution, resolves, determines: roairlesatar Connachta . . . techtaireda ūaidib, TBC-I¹ 3098 . ? In cheville: arnamāirech doibh / for muir miadh (= mad?) airleth (: bairgedh), ZCP x 344 § 12 . tiucfa la Flann Cinach / a coimpert madh airledh (: bairgen) well has it been decided(?), § 21 . ro-airliset īerom Connachtae i comairle cid di-gēndais 'the Connachtmen then decided in council what they should do', BDC 122.282 .

(d) looks after, sees to: arndip maith nairlethar a muintir `that he care well for his household', Wb. 28b32 . nipa díless duit an í hi tái mani cáinairlither gl. si permanseris in bonitate, 5b38 . Note also: airlethar no móras gl. sed quem Dominus commendat, 17b22 (wrong interpretation of commendat?).

(e) arranges, regulates: arlifimni na hócu chena conná gébat forsin tslóg (of the Galióin), LU 4648 ( TBC-I¹ 187 ). ? dia ard airlathar / aingel indrechta, 1156 (ACC). is and ro airled ri ┐ aithech here (i.e. in the Senchas Mór) was fixed (the difference between) king and serf, ZCP xvi 175 § 2 ( Laws i 40 ). is and ro-airled dire cáich fo miad, § 3 (ib.). is i Senchas Mor ro-airletha na cetheora cána, 176 § 6 . it teora eirce airliter, Laws iii 26.17 .i. erluaidhter na teora eirce, 25 Comm. slicht eitgedh airligter, 536.3 .i. eraluaiter aisneis na eirci, z Comm. ? ni ragaid mani deib cumachtachaib / arlidir crib coternam, LL 1620 = manab dib cumachta clanntar / crib airlither cat .i. munab cumachtach sibh ar erluadh no ar urfoichill catha do cor co crib no . . . biodh urfoichill chatha co luath libh, Leb. Gab.(i) 254.7 = ni raghadh muna deibh clandtar cirb airligther cath, BB 40a54 . prescribes, decrees: bailechro a n-ifernd ro-n-airlestar Dia fri pianadh na pecdhach `which God has designed', Ériu ii 132 § 108 . nad inand airlither Dīa do gach dāen, Anecd. v 23.2 .

Note also: conidnarlaid (.i. co roairlestar) síth iar sáeth, Thes. ii 332.17 .

aiste

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aiste or dil.ie/2515

n m. and f. * ad-sem-, Wortk. 53 . `?Lat. essentia', Plummer MS notes.

(a) characteristic, special quality, peculiarity: a.¤ in finda sin `the peculiarity of that hair', Fél.² cxliv 35 . rosuithe dó dáma (glossed dana) deacta .i. do a.¤ na deachta, LU 756 (ACC) = RC xx 178 § 45 . hi ḟail in tobair ingnáith dianad a.¤ óigread in cech lo, Alex. 349 . inis . . . ise a h-aisdi na cuirp berar inti ni lobait iter, Todd Nenn. 192.9 . ar besaib ┐ ar caen-estib (sic) (com-aistib v.l., leg. caem-a.¤ good qualities), Cog. 82.2 . inund aisti arúath dúinn, / inund gasced gnath, TBC-LL¹ 4172 ( LL 11005 ). is í a.¤ in chuilén-sin, PH 3438 . mórad ceall dob aisde agaibh (to St. Patrick), Dán Dé xii 13 . mōr d'aistib na n-ērlam fúair, ACL iii 307 § 28 . a.¤ gach céime i gcalmacht / gaisce féile is flathamhlacht, Hackett liii 23 . ni heiccen co mad aisdi do ierraidh do litrip ind ogaim ┐ do muitib na Laitne, ar is a nguthagoip forbaigter-side do gres a common nature, property, need not be sought for in Ogham letters and Latin mutes, since the latter always terminate in a vowel-sound (whereas the former do not), Auraic. 3015 .

Type, variety, class (of performance): dona cēadaistibh reapraidh dō, Feis Tighe Chonáin 227 . doghníadh C. aisde crábaidh C. used to practise a special kind of devotion, BNnÉ 141.1 is anaichnidh do muintir C. . . . ind a.¤ trialltai .i. teiched, CCath. 3563 . m'ionuath a aisde dá éis `very horrible his fate thereafter', Dán Dé xxvi 53 . iollardacht m'aisdeadh the variety of my talents, ML 124.6 . atá d'aistidhibh 's d'ealadhain nódh aca nach taobhtha d'aonneach . . . they have so many wiles and arts that none can trust them (of women), Hackett xxvi 63 . Pattern: im a.¤ lamthoraid, Laws i 150.8 .i. fuath in gresa innti, 152.23 Comm. Cf. a.¤ ab astilis ō slisnib corthaire, O'Mulc. 64 . way, manner: gurob é aisde ar a mbídís 'na suidhe, Geneal. Tracts i 39.12 .

With prepp. ar a.¤ like: ar a haisde is aghtha dhamh / brath leannáin dom lucht diomdhadh, O'R. Poems 2917 `just like her must I hope to find a lover', p. 229 . ar gach én a.¤ on every ground, BNnÉ 250 § 204 . Seonin a Burc do marbad arin asti cetna, Ann. Conn. 1342.4 . ar aisde na dinginn se in a way in which I could not achieve it(?), BNnÉ 132.z . fo a.¤ like: luin gela bid ann . . . ┐ celebraid a tratha fo aisti na heclaise, Trip. xliii 5 . fo aisti an Gregaid, Auraic. 3379 . tar a.¤ : rala ág dar [a] a.¤ / ra chuir ár (ar) na cichloiste beyond what he was used to, TBC-LL¹ 1477 .

(b) metre: cia lín na naisti . . . a cuíc sescat ar trí cetaib, IT iii 67 § 1 . cate a aisti coír cach baird, 22 § 67 . aisteda na ndaerbhard, 23.1 . it núacrutha na haisti seo, ar it núalitríde arrangatar íat, § 68. aisti ollaman bairdni inso anuas . . . aisti ansrutha bairdne inso sís, 10 § 12 , § 13 . iss hi seo ind a.¤ blaith brass / in ṅgnathaighther in senchass, 106.18 . cia a.¤ triasin ṅdernad in Félire . . . rindard, Fél. 4.24 . isin erlabra fégtair inna haisti, LU 461 (ACC). sluindfet duib dagaisti in dana, LL 5227 . dechnad mór . . . a.¤ is ferr i nHere, 5250 . ellach .i. aisti, ut est cibe cenel dina secht n-eillghibh .i. dona secht n-aistibh, O'Dav. 765 . co festar in n-aisti dona seacht primellgibh na filideachta, Auraic. 1687 . claechlodh aisdi change of metre, IGT Metr. Faults § 22 . i n-aisde 's i n-ábhacht, recitations, Hackett² xliii 240 .

2 aithigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 aithigid or dil.ie/2690

Forms: athaigid, aithige, athaige, athoighidh, aithighidh, athoighe, aithighe

vn. of 1 aithigid. Also athaigid, aithige, athaige. athoighidh aithighidh (guthaidhe leis orra, v.l., i.e. athoighe, aithighe?), IGT Decl. § 150 . Verbs § 65 .

(a) act of visiting, frequenting, resorting to: eglaise d'aithighe, ZCP viii 214. y . dilmainius aigthide (aigthige, MS) co cairdemail iter da rigda in Choimded, Todd Lect. vi 51 § 72 = aithigthi, Rawl. B 512, fo. 70c (Plummer MS notes). dorsi athaigthi access-doors, LB 154a37 . gan athaighe gan iomadhall (of a road), AFM vi 2222.27 . ro b'urusa . . . Ere d'imluadh ┐ d'aithighid, MR 102.14 . With obj. gen.: athigid na tened co menic going close to, BDD² 1221 . do aithidhigh in deissi `to visit the tenantry', Mon. Tall. 156.30 (§ 71) . eoin . . . batar oc athigid Chairpri, LL 22111 . mo Dūilem dom thaithigi / . . . / mo menma dia aithigi `my mind to go out to Him', Ériu ii 56 § 12 . si oca aithidig fon seol sin visiting him during that time, RC iii 344.8 . do thréicis tige nóla / ar aithighe altóra, SG 58.37 . With AR: tré gan aithidhe do dhéanamh ar ṡeinscríbhnibh through not consulting, Keat. ii 6170 . With co: ro būi C. . . . ag a.¤ sair co a muintir , Corm. Y 883 (Anecd. iv 75.y). fri athigid chucumsa `for visiting me', RC xxv 26 § 9 . uair na fil athaigid chucaib no uaib, Alex. 962 = athaigi na tathaigi, BB 499a21 . ma ta aithidhe uatha ┐ cuctha, O'Curry 2380 ( Eg. 88, f. 29(30)d ). With DOCHUM: batar oc athigid dochum C., LL 22114 . With I N-: hic aithigid 'na ōentech, ZCP viii 262 § 8 . an ród . . . 'na mbí triall ┐ aithighe iomad bó, TSh. 10746 .

(b) In a few exx. perh. occupying: dogni E. . . . tech immon tiprait . . . ┐ oen ben ocá hathigid one woman inhabiting it, LU 2955 . do bhádaragaithidhe na tulcha feadh ráithe `occupying' (of herdsmen), Keat. i 124.5 .

(c) practising, observing: ic athaigid trath, Anecd. ii 25 § 9 . ataidhe na trath, ZCP iii 33.8 = tathaighe, BNnÉ 310 . ō aithighidh arm, ML² 1734 . téighim tar teaguscc na n-easbal / tre aithighidh na n-olc mbuan, Studies 1919, 75 § 22 . ar a.¤ in use: nós . . . ar aithidhe prevalent custom, Keat. i 10.6 . beusa . . . na nGreugach . . . a bhfaghāil ar aithidhe ag a sliocht d'á n-éis, 236.5 go bhfuilid [focail na Gaedhilge] ar aithidhe i measc na Fraingcise, ii 973 .

2 aititnech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 aititnech or dil.ie/2818

n = aititiu (?): nad bet lobthaig cor .i. lobthaig can aitidnech im chor for a muintir , O'Curry 860 (H 3.18, p. 388b).

anaithnid, anaichnid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anaithnid, anaichnid or dil.ie/3331

Forms: anaichenta, anaichinta, anaichinti, anaitinte

adj i (2 aithne). Pl. anaichenta, CCath. 3836 . anaichinta, 6105 . anaichinti, 826 . anaitinte, Marco P. 25 . unknown, strange, unfamiliar, unheard of: anaithnidh, doḟaisneis `unspeakable', Eg. Gl. 52 . anaithnidh .i. droch aithneach ┐ fós duine ar nach bí aithne, O'Cl. Of persons: fer anmin mór úathmar anaichnid in t-Ingcél `uncouth', BDD 44 . triar n-úathmar n-anachnid i n-airinuch na buidni, MU² 604 . cosin soerslúag n-anaichne[i]d (: treib), SR 4750 . óic anaichnid, LU 10158 . fri cech n-oen eter aichnid ┐ anaichnid, LL 217b25 ( TTr. 51 ). drong d'Albanchoibh anaiteanta, AFM v 1788.19 . risna dainib . . . anaichindti, RC xxvi 160 § 46 . cét-riastarda im Choinculaind co n-derna úathbásach . . . n-ingantach n-anachnid de (anaithnidh, St.) unrecognizable , TBC-LL¹ 2590 . tir fir anaithnig, Laws v 238.21 = anaithne, 240.19 Comm. (see 1 anaithne). Of a place: indsaigid in tire anaichnid, TTebe 248 . do sirt[h]ain . . . na crich n-ectrann n-anaichnidh, CCath. 3856 . nogo rainic indsi ālaind anaithnigh, Ériu iii 164 § 18 . is na hiathaib anaithintaib, Grail 3692 . tar in muir n-uair n-a.¤ , SG 344.5 . Various: do dhelbaib en . . . n-anaichentae n-ingantach, CCath. 4707 . erge con anaithnig strange dog(?), Laws iii 416.6 Comm. torothair ingnathcha anachinti, LL 219b41 ( TTr. 197 ). mormor d'ingantaib anaithnigh, Grail 4031 . ar intech nanaichnid against an unknown way, LU 1181 . renna anaichinta, CCath. 826 . galar anaichnigh, RC xvii 386.1 (Tig.). fuaradar bás a.¤ , SG 210.10 . aidedha ecnecha anaichinta, CCath. 6105 . re h-imad . . . finnfaid . . . fhadbscailti an-aichnid, MR 240.3 . clú an áir anaithnidh, IGT Decl. ex. 835 . amus anaithchnidh do thabhairt for comharba Ailbhe `unusual', AFM ii 1016.16 . allgotha adhuathmara an ordanáis anaithnidh foreign, v 1734.1 . fa gníomh uathmar anaichnid, Ériu i 32.248 .

In predic. use unknown: Cnú deróil a ainm in ḟir / a n-Eirinn nír' anaithnidh, Acall. 632 ( SG 108.8 ). cear b'ingnad ciar b'anaichnid, LL 375b17 . is a.¤ do is unknown to: is anaichnidh do muintir Cesair . . . teiched, CCath. 3563 . drem dīb dan anaithnigh, drem dīb dan eōl, ZCP viii 216.7 . cus-in popul ṅgentlide ro-pa anaichnid do Dia anallana céin ro-bui ic adrad idal whom God did not recognize, PH 5287 .

As subst.: ro b'urusa d'á h-aithnidh ┐ d'á hanaithnidh Ere d'imluadh, MR 102.14 . In name of a type of metre: druimní suithe annso ┐ atat da ernail furre .i. imgharbh ┐ anaichnídh, IT iii 96 § 150 . is e so in tanaichnídh dona druimnibh suithibh, § 151. incípít dona hanaichintibh, 95 § 148 .

anbáil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anbáil or dil.ie/3388

Forms: anbóil

adj also anbóil and perh. -aíl (see below) (an + fóill); adj. of vague meaning, common in hyperbole and us. alliterating: Sergius . . . a theist is ard anbail (: fagbail) very great , Gorm. Feb. 24 . crothadh anbháil arrachta excessive , TBC-LL¹ p. 545 n.5 . do c[h]uirset greim anbáil air, ML² 284 . coccadh anbháil etir . . . Conn . . . ┐ Aodh, AFM iv 1186.12 . a mbeith i n-eiccen anbhail, v 1740.1 . i ngalar anba anbhóil (: Roimh), BNnÉ 276 § 259 . g. anbháil (anfforlannach v.l.), 275 § 257 . eagla anbāil, ML² 979 . aingcise anbháile na hanma, TSh. 7878 . bedgaid do bhithin a chráid / 'na chrithir ḟergaig anbháil `in a mighty tremor of resentment', O'Gr. Cat. 461.15 . ag fornaidhe an uilc anbháil `extraordinary evil', TD 4.24 . an téigmheadh (= éigem) ainbháil eccobsaidh na mban, Ériu v 76.1 . ícc anbail ina einech, MR 132.4 . an éaraic uile anbháil (: láibh), DDána 39.4 . fleochud mor ┐ falcc anbail, MR 68.6 . anfadh anbháil, TSh. 2054 . tuile éigse anbháile (: Dáire), Content. x 23 . mine chluinead . . . in n-nual[l] n-anuail, TTebe 408 . na nuala arda anbaile, Smaointe B. Chr. 3717 . uch, a Dhé, as anbháil an fhoir, ZCP x 26.12 . Of a weapon: ro ghabhastur an óirsgiath . . . n-anbhóil . . . gona bile . . . anbháil terrible, Cath MT 491 . Of a person: fatha marbtha Eōin āin / do muintir hIrúaith anbāil, Ériu iv 174 § 4 . anbhal .i. anbfóill .i. romhór, O'Cl. Adv.: rofubad Find co hanbail, LL 193a32 . fo cinget in roth co hanbhail imdiscir, TBC-LL¹ 5614 . glaoidhes C. go hanbhail ar Laogh, p. 561 n.7 . creidit na manaigh co hanbail / cabair d'faghbáil dóib ó'n righ, SG 23.8 . lá co n-oidhci do co hanbháil / can a fhaghbáil de ó dheoin Dé, 27.29 . atracht co hanbhfhail, Lism. L. 1485 . co anbail oscardha, MR 120.3 . bátar co hanbhail esrainti greatly scattered, CCath. 737 .

? Also: co cath ard Ocha a.¤ (: cain, leg. anbaíl: caín ?), Metr. Dinds. iii 12.142 . Appar. as subst. in: tug mac an Dagdha . . . / serc gan tarba fri hanbaíl / do mnaí Ch., Metr. Dinds. iv 270.5 . Perh. forms of anbal.

Cf. anfóill.

1 anfúirithe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 anfúirithe or dil.ie/3610

adj (fúirithe, see fuiride) unprepared: otchonairc Niall . . . muintir uí D. co h-esraoíte anfúirithe, AFM vi 2214.16 . ge ro baoi go hanffúirighthe ainerlamh, v 1766.11 .

annḟocal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. annḟocal or dil.ie/3713

Forms: annocal

n also annocal. some kind of cryptic saying, by-word: andḟocul habitual saying, Phil. Soc. Trans. 1944, 103 . conid annḟocal .i. Cú ┐ Ceithen, LL 3826 = gnathfocul, Dinds. 1 § 14 ( RC xv 281 ). annfocal .i. gnath fhocal, O'Cl. anfocal .i. focul gnáthach, Ériu xiii 63 § 27 . ba ha.¤ d'feraibh Érenn . . . a athcomarc diaroile, `An gus an Magh cCetna bertar an cíos . . .', Leb. Gab.(i) 76.24 . ba hé . . . a hannacol (hannocul v.l.) . . . maccain congair in aird cheoil / sech nin athgēn nimathgeoin, Mór M. 3 . iss ed dī andfocal (sic leg.) robói i m-bélaib in t-slúaig oc denam in tócuir: cuire i lláim tochra i llaim . . ., LU 10819 . Note also: iss e seo annofocla(?) boí ocá muintir . . . cuirthe i lland tochre i lland, etc., 10879 = is e seó and foclai, Ériu xii 182 § 11 (TE). ba é a hannacul: it crína indiu mo chrúi etc. (Ailill Ólom lamenting his forsaken state), RC xiii 460 § 60 . ba hé a hannacol Maic Con indíeid a drúith, § 61. ba hé a hannacol Saidbe (lamenting the death of Art), § 62 .

1 ansae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ansae or dil.ie/3771
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: ins(a)e, ins(a)e

(ass(a)e). Also ins(a)e, see GOI 544 . Always ins(a)e in Wb. in positive copula sentences, Thurn. ZCP i 5 .

I Adj. io, iā. Not used attrib. in O. Ir. Glosses.

(a) hard, difficult (to do): is insæ in ball do thinchosc neich asberad cenn, Wb. 13a19 . Frequ. in phr. is a.¤ do: nipa anse dúib mo intsamil, Wb. 19d18 . niba anse duit, 29d21 . amal nách nannse ṅdúib, 6d9 . is inse a ndímiccem, 4c2 . is inse ṅduit, 5b28 . ba inse dún epert gue, 14c29 . ni anse són, Ml. 45d20 . ba ansa dóib immthecht i tír, Trip.² 1525 . cid ansa don curp `if it is hard for the body', Mon. Tall. 149.22 (§ 60) . bá ansa damsa óenadaig / la demon co n-ír, LU 9441 . is andso (.i. is dolig) dam-sa ém a brethugud, 8777 . atá nech risnid andsa (.i. risnad dolig), 4004 ( SCC 45 ). is indsa don memor cachtad in cind, Laws iv 54.22 Comm. mo thaeb dess is mo tháeb clé / andsa mess for cechtar de, LL 9463 . dambad fherddi in cóiced a bith ace ra blíadain ni hindsa a bith ace it is not impracticable for him to have it, MU² 84 . Adv. ní géis co ansa do not make a difficult request, LU 3487 ( SCC 26 ). Of persons hard (to cope with), troublesome: dindí as na.¤ . . . á cenél sin `for that that nation is troublesome', Ml. 104a6 .

The phrase ní ha.¤ is commonly used to introduce an answer to a question in meaning well, as a matter of fact: cannas ro hainmniged? nī hannsa. Léna mac R. . . ., Sc.M² 23 . cid ara n-eperr Críth Gablach ? ní anse: arindí crenas . . ., Críth G. 1 . ced ón, cía sút ? ní hannsa . . . Conchobar . . ., MU² 550 . cindus nodngebtar ? . . . ninsa, Mon. Tall. 140.27 (§ 33) . cait a mbi si . . . ninsa .i. ni handsa, Laws v 2.7 Comm.

(b) hard in sense of unpleasant, unfortunate, sad: an cádhus do chleacht idir / ionnsa a dhul a ndímhigin (of poetry), Studies 1923, 421 § 3 . ionnsa don truaill-se atá umainn / an lá fhuair-se urraim uain `bad for this body of mine the day I spared it', Dán Dé xix 3 . ionnsa saor-shlat gan a síol / sníomh liom-sa th'Aonmhac, a ógh `sad that branch robbed of its seed', xxvi 37 . mar tám is ionnsa lem aithghin `my state is hard for one like me', Studies 1919, 74 § 13 . innsa re n-áes cumtha cóir / . . . / a dal ar lúi mara móir, BNnÉ 97 § 3 . cid innsa oc Mongḟind though it be unpleasant for M., Ériu iv 96 § 20 .

(c) In attrib. use: in leó húathmar a.¤ formidable , BDD² 515 . laech ansa do dingbail a gasciud fon samail, LU 6205 (TBC). tír ṅdúaig . . . co n-ócaib ansib, TBFr. 386 . ruc mac n-annsa die muintir troublesome(?), Corm. Y 878 . dús in [n]dernsaid nach gním n-insa `evil deed', Celtica iv 20.240 . a Comgaill cáid annsa 'o dear holy Comgall' Éigse xiv 20 § 7 .

Compar. ansu, Ml. 85c14 ; 95d13 ; 131b4 (see Suppl.) gl. gravius, cf. 133a4 . ánsu de (andsati v.l.), Trip.² 2593 . iss andsu dúib ind naithir fail ocon dún, TBFr. 414 . ba handsu dó meic Nectain / do chur assa prímlepthaib, TBC-LL¹ 1479 . imraidset . . . nípád ansu C. acht tuctha a cletíne airi, LU 5802 (TBC). andso dóib ma tát i péin / cen adrad Ríg roithes gréin things will be more difficult for them if they fail to . . ., LL 4167 . comtis annso a phiana oldas mar ata, Ériu ii 142 § 152 . gnim rob indsa dún, LB 116b46 .

Superl.: a n-as ansam diib (of difficulties), Wb. 10b1 . cid as andsam (.i. dolgi) lib ropridchastar in clerech, LU 9746 . inn é sin as andsam fil la Ultu hardest to deal with, 4837 . tene bas andsom lat dod loscud `the fire thou most dreadest to burn thee', Mon. Tall. 136.16 (§ 24) . andsum dire treibdire most difficult to assess or give a ruling on, Laws iii 458.12 . secht frithberta . . . ada andsum do ursciathu[d], v 290.17 . annsom i notrus . . . biatad ┐ tarrsunn `most difficult in nursing', BCrólige 24 . it e . . . ata andsam . . . oc sáigded, Alex. 504 . cid as andsom leat tucais? `what was hardest for thee to bring?', ZCP i 459.10 . ? Attrib. fer croda annsam chain . . ., TBC-I¹ 3169 . mac dorighne écht n-annsom, Cóir Anm.² ii 46 § 162 .

II As subst. difficulty, trouble: nacham tair olc na hindsa, LB 106b48 . luach é gan ionnsa, BNnÉ 204 § 49 . da indsa dec in domain abuses, Flower Cat. 489.3 . ní eadar gá ionnsa as mhó what greater difficulty(?), Dán Dé xxvi 28 . is cead liomsa a Dhé mo dhul / beag n-ionnsa é do eadar I know it is not difficult to say, xxv 17 . uch cid ro batar dam-sa / na ro ḟegsat ardinsa `great vexations', TFerbe 479 . Superl. used as subst.: dethfir itir in andsum ┐ in ecmacht: in t-annsum .i. is doiligh do neoch an fadbail, Laws v 222.7 Comm.

ansu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ansu or dil.ie/3794

Forms: annsa

adj compar. and superl. of 1 ansae in meaning (more) beloved, dear(er), etc. (see Gwynn, Hermathena xvi (1911) 382 - 384 , Breatnach, Éigse ix 161 - 162 ): ciar bo annsa re Pedar a Sláinicidh rob annsa ris[in] Slainicid Iohan, TFrag. 112.15 . conid andso anmcharde Dé oldás anmcharde dóine so that the spiritual guidance of God is preferable to that of men(?), LL 282a29 . fer as ansam robai ín Ere, BB 383a27 . Usually with follg. LA (the special meaning may have originated in this construction): is ansu limsa mo thech oldás mo trebad uli, LU 8386 ( FB 26 ). in nonbur as ansu leis dia muintir , Lib. Hymn. 87.z . ci[a don] triarsin lenab andsa mé, IT ii2 123.45 . marbadh in aenduine rob annsa lium, ZCP vi 49.23 . le Dia is annsa íorna mná / ná almsa ríoghdha dá ria, DDána 42.37 . is tú is annsa lium do ghein dearest of mortals, ZCP vii 302.16 . issed indmus ba hannsom leis, Fianaig. 6.5 .

Hence in later lang. annsa love, affection . f., IGT Abstr. Nouns § 12 . gan ar dtoil ┐ ar n-annsa uile d'fhagháil desire, what one wants , Desid. 2823 . tré iomad a n-annsa dhó, TSh. 5952 . soighdeoir na hannsa, DDána 78.6 . do chuir a n-annsa fa Éirinn he made them loved throughout Ireland, Aithd. D. 31.1 . dob í ar n-annsai-ne a fhochoinn love of us was its cause, Dán Dé xv 19 . gidh leasg dhún dul dar n-annsa though I am loth to forsake my beloved, KMMisc. 242.4 . dar n-annsa for love of us, IGT Decl. ex. 857 . bheith na hannsa ní shéanfam we shall not deny being in love with her, Dánta Gr. 6.22 . mh'annsa my beloved, 44.9 .

2 árach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 árach or dil.ie/3927

n m. (perh. same word as prec.) some kind of conveyance, litter, bier: an tá.¤ ina mbertaoi a chorp fo dheoidh do dhénamh dho, AFM iii 364.23 . ro fhorail á.¤ fionnchaolaigh do dhenamh, vi 2218.1 . ro badh i ccarpat no i n-á.¤ ro iomchairsiot a muintir . . . an Iustis, 2036.3 . ní bhiadh lá i n-á.¤ ar eachaibh `in a horse-borne coffin', Ó Bruad. ii 254.1 . arach .i. cróchar. imárach .i. fa chróchar, O'Cl. Cf. árad.

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