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7 a

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 7 a or dil.ie/8
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: a, a, a, a, a, a, a, á, as, as, assin, asind, as, as, as, as, as, ast, assa, asa, asar, as, assa, asa, asum, essiut, ass, as, es, essi, esse, eissi, esti, eisti, este, aiste, essib, eissib, esib, estib, eistib, asta, asa

prep. with dat., geminating out of, from . In O.Ir. glosses frequ. á (see Celtica ii 239 - 40 ). See GOI § 834 . The usual form before nouns is a: a corin[tib], Wb. 7c18 . a ppecad, 3b3 . a persin, 4c23 . a rrath, 12a7 . a rrangabáil, Sg. 196b5 . a llatin, Ml. 3a15 . a mmedón, Tur. 72 . á óensonaib, Wb. 12a10 . In later lang. also as(s): as talomh, Fl. Earls 112.29 . as Éirinn, Rel. Celt. ii 182.13 (see Desid. xxxiv ). Before proclitics as(s). With article: assin folud, Wb. 9c10 . asind óinrainn, Sg. 197a17 . as tír, BDD² 435 . as tig, 544 . Note also: as cech ṡét, Thes. ii 320.3 .

With poss. adj. 1 s. as mo chuimriug, Wb. 23b7 . 2 s. as do, Sc.M² 11 . ast, 12 . 3 s. assa, Wb. 2c7 . 20d13 . asa, 25d16 . 1 pl. asar, Wb. 15c24 . 2 pl. as for, LU 8551 (H) ( FB 41 ). 3 pl. assa, MU² 276 . asa, 390 .

With suffixed pron. 1 s. asum, ZCP vi 285.8 . 2 s. essiut, RC xiv 188.z . 3 s. m. and n. ass, Wb. 29b15 . as, Ml. 36c20 . es, RC xxv 346 § 2 . 3 s. f. essi, Ml. 85c14 . esse, 113d2 , 131c14 . eissi, Sg. 196b2 . esti, PH 197 . eisti, BDD² 1405 . este, ZCP vi 81.4 . aiste, TSh. 4477 . 3 pl. essib, Wb. 12a10 , b23 . Ml. 87b18 . eissib, Sg. 190a1 . esib, 51b11 . estib, PH 2878 . eistib, ML² 1478 . asta, TSh. 2791 .

With rel. as(s)a n-: asatoróimed, Wb. 11a19 . See GOI § 834 , IGT Introd. § 100 (25.12) .

I Expressing motion, out of, from: oc techiud a rroí, Críth G. 539 . co rróimid topar husci ass, Trip.² 93 . fuil totmad (leg. totma(e)?) a crann a wound sustained in falling from a tree, Laws v 362.z . in ti bis for imrama a inad d'inad from place to place, Laws iv 36.12 Comm. coillti an talman do thuitim as a premaibh will be uprooted, RC xxviii 312 § 9 . luid fer a cath, BColm. 94.15 . facbuid-si asin tir-si leave this land, RC xiv 56 § 69 . na fuirighedh a Temraig ach imthiged asti co hobann, Ériu iii 170 § 29 . co cuala géim bó ic tiachtain al-loch Ṡithgail `out of Loch S.', Dinds. 155 ( RC xvi 270 ). rosái assen dia thigh, RC xviii 184.28 . atracht focétóir in marb a bás, RC ii 390 z . no ássad bolgg corcra assa etun a purple blister would grow out of his forehead, Ériu iv 32.3 . With impers. vb. ní thig asta `they do not shrink' (of shoes), O'Rah. xviii 24 . Without accompanying verb: do rigne Dia firt . . . .i. in topur husci asin talmain, Trip.² 96 . cúiseach bind asa bēalaibh sweet piping from her lips, Ériu iv 174. § 8 . asa tuaisciurt inda deiscert `(to go) from the North (of it) to the south (of it)', Mon. Tall. 133. 22 (§ 17) . do chuir se iarraidh ar thigerna A. . . . as Eirinn chuige `sent to the laird of A. to come to him from Ireland', Rel. Celt. ii 182.13 .

In complement of object of transitive verbs: with various transitive verbs (see also under several vbs.): tóbe uitiorum assa anmin `the cutting of vice out of his soul', Wb. 2c7 . aní asatorbatha `that out of which they have been cut', 5b39 . . . . benus do ṡūil as do chinn, ACL iii 308, z . ni béram ass gl. nec aufferre quid possimus ( 1 Timothy vi 7 ), Wb. 29b15 . dobert . . . dí báe déc . . . assint shíd, TBFr. 6 . an ghairbhiachtach . . . chuirid asta which they emit, TSh. 6705 . tarslaic Petrum a slabreid released Thes. ii 304.1 (Hy. i). is as do leigi iat (of shots), as a ninat . . ., Laws iv 226.17 . atdobrarbadse a tír Hérenn you have been banished from Ireland, BDD² 416 . ar ndichur a nGall esib, Ann. Conn. 1338.4 . hoc a tafonn (ac a cur v.l.) asa gort driving it out of his field, ACL iii 2.8 . gabais . . . daur . . . assa frēnaib, Sc.M² 18 . dasrenga ais `drew it out', Mon. Tall. 150.29 (§ 61). is cían rosraeined amach / Iudaich a crīch Rōmānach, ZCP viii 115.17 . dá sraoilleadh . . . as a chéile, TSh. 5696 . di loscud a thige . . . di gait as—a leth di gait ind for stealing from it . . . for bringing stolen property into it, Críth G. 123 . tonindnaig . . . leithi in chon dó assa laim chlí gives him . . . with her left hand, RC iii 177.5 . adetha C. assa láim, 6 . do urail S. a cengal as scotaib ceathra sdet `ordered him to be bound to the tails of 4 steeds', ITS xix 100.7 . gairfidh Íosa uair nó dó / as an talmhain a dteasdó, Dán Dé xiv 9 .

Common in 3 s. n. as adv. with verbs of going, etc. tíagait ass na teachta-sin depart, Sc.M² 4 R . documlát ass do Chrúachnaib, TBFr. 42 . amal ossa is amlaid rorathatar ass they ran like deer, Ériu iii 141.208 . imsái as in mac the boy turns away, Ériu i 116 § 5 . Hence with verbs of going, etc. escapes: 'san domnach dodechaid ass / a broinn in bledhmil Ionas, Ériu iii 144 § 14 . bualadh Tairrdelbaig . . . acht cena terno som ass, RC xviii 35.27 . ní dechaidh as gan gabāil nō gan marbadh acht Sir Gyi . . ., ZCP vi 72.12 . creid nách fhuil dul as ar domhan agad ót olc shíordhuidhe, Mac Aingil 1857 . Related meanings. Dies, comes to an end: dia ndech nech dībh as `departs' (this life), Marco P. 140 . din ló dochúaid Cerball ass, RC xx. 12 § 20 . ni ragha in la-su ass `this day will not go by', CCath. 3573 . na heirig ass co madain / do deacraib rig in richid (sic leg., ed.) do not cease till morning from (recounting) the wonders of the king of heaven, Ériu v 26.22 . co n-erlai [int archaingel] a rrecht ind ríg `forsook the law', Ériu ii 108 § 22 . With other verbs in idiomatic phrases: not-ber as dom' inchaib get thee out of my sight, ZCP i 105.1 . beir as tú `escape' Keat. iii 3246 . tucsat as in oidhchi-sin co himsnímach spent that night, Fianaig. 52.17 . a bheatha do thabhairt as go measardha to lead a life of moderation, TSh. 268 . ruccsatt ass amhlaidh sin ifoimhdin aroile they continued, Hugh Roe 288.17 (fo. 76a) . ni rug og na sen a comfad-so as damh riam gan toitim lium `held out against me', ZCP vi 101.7 . cuir ass na dorchu tuccais expel the darkness thou hast brought, Anecd. iii 35.17 . ata si arna cur as anois `it is now destroyed' (of a city), Maund. 43 . a lecan as, he was set free, RC xviii 283.15 . leicem as ar n-imram let us give up, RC xxvi. 136 § 9 . leig as 'athair cease, father, Ériu iv. 51 § 7 . do lēic ech in rīgh ar a glūinibh hī . . . ┐ nīr fēdadh as hī she could not be got out of that position, ZCP xiii 182.31 . Without accompanying vb. (freq. as ipv.) ass, a duine, ar éat `get out, O man!' (be off), Fél. 184.6 . as tír duit get thee out of the land, RC xxv 24.6 . as as bhar Fraoch get hence, get hence, said F. ML 124.13 . asa sin doibh, Rel. Celt. ii 178.3 . aisidhe dhó co Tulaig na C. thence he went, ZCP xiv 259.8 . In phrase: ní has dó there is no escape for him, he has no chance of escape (see O'Rahilly, Celtica i 348 ): ma commhor th'eucht led bhriathruibh, ni has dhamhsa if your deeds are on a par with your words there is no escape for me, Luc. Fid. 344.12 . ni has dh'aoinneach aguibh there is no escape for any of you, 284.15 . nach bu has dh'iachtaranuibh no dh'uachtaranuibh, 260.22 . ní has d'Éirinn eatorra between them Ireland has no escape, DDána 92.7 . In phr. as ┐ ind: do ḟeitheam a long . . . as ┐ ind `to watch his vessels (going) out and (coming) in', Dinds. 135 ( RC xvi 142.6 ). cloictheach . . . ┐ eoin duba . . . ind ┐ as `passing into and out of it', RC xvii 394.y .

II Expressing origin, source.

(a) from, originating in: a grec anísiu `from the Greek' Sg. 148b14 . assin tein atgládastar `out of the fire he addressed him', Thes. ii 318.4 (Hy. ii). ba hingnád aisec asind inut sin (.i. a détaib in chon allaid), Trip.² 148 . in port asa n-accai Patraic inna naimtiu, 1500 . bá foderc dó . . . assa imduí, LU 8219 ( FB § 16 ). nír faei i tig as mbi eggna suillsi tenead, BDD² 175 . is hí ro hic súil ind ríg / a topor Locha Dá líg, IT i 131.29 . is a Hérind anair, MU² 513 . secht mile as so `seven miles from here', ZCP vi 295.7 . co fesamar can as tucad till we know whence it was brought, Ériu i 46.10 . ni fes can as tánic `whence it came', RC xviii 302.7 . a tírib hIndía do, PH 820 . niamh ḟíona a hór (drunk) from a gold goblet, DDána 119.25 . from (of a number out of a group): mart as gach creich, muc as gach crú, caora as gach trét, BNnÉ 265 § 230 . sé ar fichit a Huib Neill `six and twenty of the Húi Néill', RC xxiv 202. 14 . Of the ground of proof from: is follus as for ng[n]imaib ni dligthi comardad fris etir, LU 8551 ( FB 41 ). follus asna scélaib-so Colmáin it is clear from these stories about Colman, BColm. 102, 12 . is esti demniges, PH 2185 . créad is iontuigthe as sin, TSh. 161 .

With various vbs.: nī contesba banne ass `not a drop was wanting therefrom', Thes. ii 348.3 (Hy. v). a tír asa tairidnither `from the land out of which (the water) is drawn', Ériu xvii 68 § 8 . cid asa fordailtea grád túa[i]the? what is the basis of the different grades of the `túath'? Críth G. 6 . rí rodelb eisse cach ṅduil, SR 25 . asnabbrad hi sennathib `whence it was said', Fianaig. 30.13 . rofiarfaigh dib crēd asa fuaradar an cís aingid sin, RC x 185.y . gach ainm eile . . . nach sloinntear as tarbh, Maguires of F. 45 .

(b) Hence introducing the instrument or cause of an action, etc. by, with, because or by reason of: a faill do denam for being neglectful, Laws iv 50.10 . ro bendach Pátraic asa díb lámaib in Machai with his hands, Trip.² 2799 . asa réir budesin of his own accord, Ériu i 219 § 7 . as mothoil féin `of my own will', RC xiii 272.6 . nach maith dogni duine asa chorp isin domun any good thing a man does with his body, Ériu vii 172.y . Cluain maic Nois d'argain . . . a comairle Muirchertaig, on M.'s advice, RC xviii 30.25 . is a radurc atconnairc Ith . . . Slébe Irruis deiscirt, Ériu iv 142.16 . roslen Nél assa lurg, by means of his track, Metr. Dinds. iii 404.13 . cia mod as a mbrisend recht in what way, PH 2588 . do-rinne an tshoil cumhachda gáoidhilgi ortha as ar cóir do chomhardadh íad by reason of which, IGT Introd. 11.16 . lot mh'anma a silleadh na súl / do rinneadh, Dán Dé ix 4 . a caingean Dé do diúltadh, IGT Decl. ex. 1355 . mellaid mōr duini asa dath / gid buidi in t-ōr is otrach, ACL iii 238 § 16 . Note also: ragat gussin Rōimh as go ffuilēngat croch ┐ cēssadh, Fl. Earls 206.25 ; whereby they will suffer Celtica ix 117-18 . Cf. 8.18 , 170.8 . With créd: créd dorinne sí asa rabhus di marsin what she had done that they were treating her thus, Ériu v 168.82 . créad as nach adhradh . . . na dée mar chách why, Keat. ii 5393 . With adv. as: is as tugadh Nár air this is why he was called N., 3645 .

(c) Introducing the name of a language: ainm an inaidh sin . . . a Gaeidheilcc in Irish, Maund. 57 . laphruiss . . . assin bérla glan ghrécach in the pure Grecian tongue, Anecd. i 34.70 . berla na filed asa n-acaillit cach dib aroile wherein they all address each other, Auraic. 200 .

III Miscellaneous uses.

(a) In sense of attached to, compos- ed of, in etc. : amal bīs tuir már oc fulang tige ┐ illāma esti, Corm. Y 1224 . ro-lēcis gaī form-sa co-rrabae as mo scíath `so that it stuck in my shield', Sc.M² 11 . cipe [no beth] démnach asa mér no asa brága whoever was possessed by a demon in his finger or in his throat, RC ii 400 § 40 . a edach delradach . . . imi, as a ndenad idbarta do Baich `in which he was wont to offer sacrifices', TTebe 2842 . gu bhfaiceabh asin coluinn-si Dia, ITS xix 92.6 . Cf. rí sithamail asa flaithes in respect of, Rawl. B 512 fo. 69d .

(b) After vbs. expressing recognition, etc. : atgénammár asa samail in fer sin, LU 6805 ( FB 46 ). cinnas do aith[g]ēnmais in degmnái . . . asa deilb ┐ asa costud, a tlás, a fos, a féile, ZCP viii 112.22 . misi do aimsigh Eabha / as a basuibh bairrgheala / 's as a derc ramhoill raglais, Ériu iv. 112.26 - 27 . ad-mestar asa toirthib talmain, ZCP xi 94 § 33 . ? a samlaib én n-etarlúamain, LU 8628 ( FB 47 ) (rhet.).

(c) After vbs. of bathing, washing: do-dheochaid co mbricht neimhe lé do Frāech corusfothraic ás . . . a arma he bathed his weapons in it, ZCP xiii 175.6 . doluid Cuchulaind dia bualad asna huscibsin, TBC-I¹ 2742 . nocho raibi husce ocai asa ndénad in bathis, Trip.² 91 . ro tinsain usce . . . conid as ronig a derc with it he washed his eye, Dinds. 64 ( RC xv 462 ). usce asa negar Grip, ZCP iii 214.14 . roghonais mo dhalta / rodergais as t'fhogha thou hast reddened thy spear in his blood, BS 12.14 .

(d) After vbs. of paying, exchanging, etc. dobertha a chutroma d'or ┐ d'argat ass, Hugh Roe 220.3 (fo. 58b) . diass as in cethramuin ┐ da bho as an bfer nach fuighthi dibh .i. bó as in duine ┐ bo as in éidegh, L. Chl. S. 31 . tainic Ciaran dá fhuascladh, ┐ tucc moran oir ┐ argait ass in return for him, BNnÉ 117.27 . dober braighi maith duit asum fein `I will bring thee a good hostage for myself', ZCP vi 70.15 . dlighe do dhíol as, TSh. 10084 .

(e) After words expressing hope, trust, doubt etc. : go ndearna dall / dóigh as an té do thoghsam, Dán Dé iv 26 . as do thrócuire atá ar ndóchas, xix 21 . thairisi asa deghgnimradhaibh féin, CCath. 330 . an neimhiocht gnáthach do bhí aige as féin `it was sad that his brother always had a suspicion of him', his usual mistrust for him, Keat. ii 2504 . bith cunntaphuirt agut asi[n] nduine aithenus tu `be on your guard against', Ériu v 136 § 93 . etir cin co fiss / no co n-anfiss ass, ACL iii.222.30 .

(f) After vbs. of boasting, etc. : dia maide as a shúalchib, PH 4855 . itā mo chorp 'na c[h]amra / cid uaibrech as m'urlabra, ACL iii 239 § 34 . rom-moltar ar cech feib as mo ghail, ZCP v 503.24 . créad as a ndéine díomus, TSh. 633 .

IV In later lang. also of time from, since: ní nach dearnadh as mo nua ná as mo naoidheantacht ariamh riom, ML 100.14 . fer na dechaid asa naindin riam gan cenn Connachtaig lais `from his childhood', ZCP i 103.1 . asa naidendacht `from his infancy', RC ii 386 § 9 . sé is (leg. as) th'óige ort / [is] móide ar an ḟolt mh'fiafraighidh that thou hast it since thy youth increases my wonder (?) at the hair, DDána 114.2 . asa tosuch from the beginning, Ériu iv 214.18 . nambered cách a huair dena maccleirchib dochum a tige leo `would take him home in turn', Ériu ii 222.24 .

In prep. phrases, see aithle, céile, ucht, etc. In adv. phrase see núa.

aigred

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aigred or dil.ie/944

Forms: oighredh, eighredh

n [o, n.] collect. of 1 aig. Later m. oighredh, eighredh m., IGT Decl. § 11 . ice: fíal tened ┐ fíal d'aigriud, LU 2066 ( FA 14 ). ticc in t-aighredh mur ghlain nguirmm, Anecd. i 27 § 19 . do aigred for cumaicc in cristal do denum, BB 493b1 . ní biadh eighredh in gach dú, Ériu iii 148 § 4 . mar tic oigred re tāeb tuili, ACL iii 242 § 15 . sicc mor, co téighdis groigthi . . . ar in eighridh, RC xviii 30.15 . in tobair ingnáith dianad aiste óigread in cech lo, Alex. 349 (= dia ndenand oigredh isin ló, BB 488a28 ). nach briseann oigreadh éntráith, Ériu iv 218 § 24 . guirmither oigread a rosc, MR 64.23 . tré oighreadh núa ní chuir crú (a horse), IGT Decl. ex. 862 . Attrib. g s. cuisne eighridh, IGT Decl. ex. 368 . lec aigrid, see lecc. síon oighridh `icy weather', Studies 1921, 418 § 9 . ind aidhce adhuair eighridh, Anecd. ii 23 § 4 . i madain oighrid innfuair, SG 172.13 .

1 aird

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aird or dil.ie/1792
Last Revised: 2019

n f. See Vendr. Lex.

(a) peak, point: mind . . . ceithri ardda cruanmoithni [fair], Trip.² 943 . cach n-ulind . . . ┐ cach n-a.¤ ┐ cach n-aircind don charput sin, LU 6403 (TBC). ra a.¤ a gúaland, MU² 726 . samalta lim ra trí airdi ind echrad-sin. elta dub-en os chind arbaige, etc., LL 189b29 . cach duine a.¤ each on his hill, Ériu iv 130.8 .

(b) Usually point of the compass, quarter, direction: cethri arda in domain .i. tair ┐ tíar tess ┐ túaid, LU 10063 . rosir [in teidm] fo chethri hairdib Erenn, RC xvii 416.24 (Tig.). fo chetheora ardda in betha, SR 8044 . scailit fo arttaibh ind aiéoir, RC xxvi 364.23 . tabraid triar cacha arda immon ṁbudinsin, LL 13939 . cia hardi robatar ina rigi what were the limits of his kingdom, BB 488a42 . trí treba di cech a.¤ impi, LB 121b4 = gacha airde, Celtica iv 32.457 . ro élodh A. . . . as gach áird d'a chéile from one point to another, Ériu i 81.1 . cucligi in talman occa thochur dar a.¤ ┐ dar cenn `being turned up . . .', Ériu ii 138 § 137 . cridhe san a.¤ -sin níor fhéagh heart never looked in that direction, Dán Dé xxiii 29 . i nacchaid na des-airde southwards, BNnÉ 70 § 117 . do na Pictibh san a.¤ thuaidh, Keat. iii 1343 . ní cóir a.¤ ar tús no ar deireadh comhfhocuil achd soir no siar ré n-airdibh eile words meaning points of the compass, IGT Introd. 24 § 98 .

In various adv. phrases. a.¤ in a.¤ batar in da cath in line , Cog. 168.24 . do gerrsin in gormslegh a.¤ a n-a.¤ gusa imlinn all the way up, Comp. CC 110.7 . a.¤ i n-a.¤ frisna rothaib iarndaidib level with, LU 6503 (TBC). co tarla in muir a.¤ fri a.¤ (ard inard, St.) fris i.e. the sea was level with his head. TBC-LL¹ 1309 . o ra siacht C. ard fri a.¤ (ard inard, St.) fris, 1179 . a.¤ an ard re cerdcae ciormhaire opposite , TFrag. 222.22 . ard i na.¤ fria roile `opposite each other', AFM v 1672.1 . tuittfit na slēibhti innus co mbet a.¤ ar a.¤ frisna glenntaib, RC xxviii 312 § 11 . ar a.¤ present: ar airt cona roib etarcéin `on the spot', Wb. 26a14 . G. ┐ A. rí Róman ar a.¤ occa G. and A. king of the Romans were present at it (viz. a ceremony), Trip.² 303 . badar da righdamna . . . ar a.¤ acu, Snedg. u. Mac R 31.17 . ma ta in fear ar aird 'if the husband is at hand', Mar. Dis. 34 § 14 . for a.¤ , PH 5433 . ni beo fen for a.¤ I shall not be alive, Three Hom. 70.20 . neart do lámh ar a.¤ ní fhuil the strength of your hands is not noticeable, DDána 56.5 . gan fheagra ar a.¤ ná éifeacht `without an answer of any weight or effect', Content. xxi 4 . beirid ar a.¤ brings forward, displays: tucsat . . . na cathfir a ceird muccada ar a.¤ `the champions displayed their swineherd's art', Dinds. 57 ( RC xv 453 ). conid hi dombeir ar a.¤ madain domnaig `tis she that brings it up (on the shore)', 139 ( RC xvi 147 ). tuc in tespuc in lebar for a.¤ , PH 25 . mentions expressly, cites: gin go tucc ar a.¤ though he did not mention it explicitly, O'D. 522 ( H 3.17, c. 424 ). cuid crui don eiric tucad ar a.¤ . . . ┐ cuitig flatha . . . na tuc ar a.¤ , O'Curry 2103 (H. 4.22, fo. 76a). is aire tuc tar crich ar a.¤ i.e. he expressly added the words `tar crich', O'D. 605 ( H 3.17, c. 424 ). logh bó . . . ná tard for áird do beth a foeitsecht aigi `he has in reserve the value . . . which he does not bring into the account', Laws iv 132.24 Comm. dāla Conculaind doberar ar a.¤ it is mentioned (transition of narrative from the doings of Fer Diad to those of C. C.), TBC-I¹ 2574 . dosbert na briathra sa ar a.¤ he said these words aloud, TBC-LL¹ 1497 . nach ttabhairther a nanmanna for a.¤ , `whose names are not given', AFM vi 2074.24 . cuirid ar a.¤ proclaims: orrtha chodoil chríche faghladh / fiadha í Chéin do chor ar a.¤ , O'Hara 4408 . ós a.¤ aloud, openly, publicly (opp. of ós ísel, cf. 1 ard): tucsat gáir . . . os a.¤ , LB 151b34 . ni ba menma . . . la cech oen turcebus airbert ngaiscid uas a.¤ hi tirib Grec, LL 400a39 . siodhach ós a.¤ ┐ eissíodhach ó mhenmain, AFM v 1772.x . do-beir ós a.¤ tells aloud, expresses openly: oc tabairt a n-anmand ós a.¤ , LU 10496 . dobered cách a chomram . . . ós a.¤ each used to tell his triumphs aloud, LU 3233 ( SCC § 2 ). iomthūsa M. dobearar ōs a.¤ , ML² 1542 . cuirid ós a.¤ : gan dáil cruidh do chor ós a.¤ , O'Hara 4304 . téit ós aird becomes public: sul deach ós a.¤ mh'fúasgaladh `ere my release be noised abroad', Ériu ix 162 § 1 . gidh measa ag Dia a dhol ós aird `though He likes not open (sin)', Dán Dé xxiii 27 . ?As prep. phrase: ag teacht na bhfarraid ós arroid na ndaoine before the people, 23 P 18, 25 b26 . Also with prec. c (g): imthúsa Clainni Cailitín do-berar cosaird, Comp. CC 88.7 . tucadh a gairm righ gos a.¤ let the king's cry be raised, CF 914 . narb ail leis mi-clu gos a.¤ do tabairt di, Smaointe B. Chr. 493 . do chuir Martha na mirbuile cos a.¤ (= publicavit), 1778 .

do-díuschi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-díuschi or dil.ie/17496

Forms: todíuscaid, todúscaid, todúiscid, toduscaid, todúisc, notódhuscedh, todúscab-sa, dodúsechad, ronthodiusca, dundiusgada, todhúiscios, doroidíusaig, dorodiusgad, dorodíuscad, dandersaig, todiuscud

(*to-di-uss-sech-, cf. Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 620 ). Later as simple vb. todíuscaid, todúscaid, todúiscid. Cf. do-fíuschi.

(a) awakens, brings back to life. Indic. pres. (Mid. Ir.) toduscaid . . . sind a bás isin esergi, PH 6584 . Ipv. todúisc ( todusaich, Lec. 617a40 ) in mac a chlérig ┐ rotfia a lóg, SG 385.10 . Indic. impf. notódhuscedh marba nóslánaigedh dulla, Moling 76 . donduisced in fecht aile he would revive them once more, Ériu i 114 § 2 . Fut. atbéla . . . fo thrí ┐ todúscab-sa fo thrí, PH 1151 . todúiscfet-sa in lucht ro-marbait uathi, 2497 . todúiscfe marbu o brethir, 2270 . is e tóduiscfes corp Adaim, 3813 . Condit. in ceol sain . . . dodúsechad marba a húir, RC vii 298.146 . Subj. pres. ronthodiusca, Thes. ii 351.17 (gl. donfosca, Hy. vi 5 ). mina todiusca marbu, Anecd. ii 17.8 . dena gardi do Choimded co ruthodiusci a báss, Lat. Lives 13.1 . Impf. dundiusgada ón gl. ex mortuis, as though thou hadst awakened us, Ml. 102c3 . docuas uadha ar ceann Molaisi ar co todhúiscedh na heocha a bás, SG 25.37 . Pret. and perf. todhúiscios R. iat ar madain , 67.24 . isse in sen dedersaich (dodersaig, v.l.) P. ierna guin, Anecd. iv p. xii 1 . is andsin doroithiusaig P. Fot, Trip. 216.5 = doroidíusaig, Trip.² 2552 . rí rothodiusaig a huaigh Lazair, SR 7673 . dorodiusaig in marb boi isind adnacol, Lat. Lives 32.15 . rothódúisc Senán inn gobaind a bróind na biasta, Fél. lxii 19 . ro-indarb demna ┐ ro-todusig marbu, PH 2297 . With depon. ending: ro-thóduscastar hil-marbu ele lais a bás, 3747 . pass. amal dorodiusgad Crist, Wb. 21b6 . dorothodiuscud in macc tre urnaigthi P., Trip. 198.20 = dorodíuscad, Trip.² 2333 . co rotóduscad a bás he, Lat. Lives 111.9 . Intrans. with DO: to-dúsig do Ultaib dochum in chatha, TBC-LL¹ 5780 . Cf. 5825 . todíuscais Sencha d'Ultaib dochum in catha, 5827 . Cf. 5782 .

(b) Fig. arouses, provokes, brings into being; (in hunting) starts: (of light, frequently consumed food) is lugai dodúsci ind daonacht fri míaccobar quam a mmór den gantuari it excites human nature less to evil desires, Mon. Tall. 152.21 . toddiusgat guth n-intiu (the vowels) `awaken voice into them' (i.e. into the consonants), Sg. 7a10 . ní todúscaither tola ó bar corpaib tria choemna, Alex. 982 (= ní todiuscar, BB 499a41 ). todiusgadar ind anim do dénum maith, Wb. 5c18 . in corp . . . dodíusgibther side tri nert inna deacte, 9d3 . Perf. dandersaig dia dia mbrith huam chadraig God stirred them up . . ., Ml. 66c14 . (of David and Absolom) dorodíusaig Día a mac | na agid fri frituttacht, SR 6893 . asé sin dodhuisigh mo chumha that awakened my grief, Ériu v 198.619 . mairg rothodiusc a forglaim, Cog. 162.19 . mad galar todiuscai ha nuall, Ériu vii 170.5 . in uair doduiscti fiadh no bethadhach eili ag in fein when a deer was started, CF 61 .

Vn. todiuscud.

feccaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. feccaid or dil.ie/21392

Forms: feacadh

v ā

(a) in physical sense bends, stoops , generally intrans. imperat. s. 3 d'ár flaith-ne ná feacadh fear let no man bow KMMisc. 248.19 . ro feacsat ... do Patraic bowed Acall. 3504 n . suaill ná feacdaois na feadha d'aidhble a measa AFM i 90.8 . ra ḟec a ḟeoil re cnáim (i.e. shrank) Ir. Review 1912, 248 § 9 . (trans.) feacadh an soighdeóir a bhogha, Jerem. li 3 . feacfuighear an uile ghlún, Eochairsg. 110.11 , do feactha glún gach Gaoidhil, Studies 1919, 258 . Fig.: go bhfeacann ┐ go bhfiarann toil an pheacthuigh ó bheith coimhshínte ré riaghail an reásúin, TSh. 3018 .

(b) with FOR, turns on i.e. against: ficfit fornd ... ┐ gébtaít ar tír frind, LU 4634 . fecca[i]s Fergus for Ulta di āg mná .i. di āg Medba (i.e. deserted) ZCP viii 305.20 .

(c) followed by FOR or OC, sets about, begins: feccais for cúi ┐ mairctenaich... feccais for figill, Ériu ii 222x = Mon. Tall. § 67 . fecais ... for qúi ┐ torrsi oca faicsin sin, § 61 . fecsit for coí, LU 1773 . seafainn golltraidhe dho go bfeic for ghol, Ériu xiii 26.31 . fecaidsem beous for a ngrinigud begins once more to scan them Ériu ii 24.1 . feccaid for a frithigid sets about attending to him LL 286b31 . ro fhecc fora guide began to solicit her RC viii 154.6 . feacaidh for aithrighi, Fl. Earls 228.16 . fecis Ailill oc cóí, LU 10766 . fecid in ben ocá cháiniud, 4356 fecais ann sin ic irnaide Aililla set herself to wait for A. IT i 126.10 . feccaid in ben ... ic cói, RC xiii 377.9 . feccait na gille for daescaire fris, occa caopadh, BNnÉ 303 § 12 .

(d) resolves: feicis gin codladh gin tomailt co madain , Ériu viii 186.12 ( fecais, ZCP viii 102 ). Cf. fecit fon samailsin cusarnabárach, LU 8764 ( FB 57 ).

1 finn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 finn or dil.ie/22134
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: findgil, findban, findflatha, findfocla, finnfoclaibh, findnémand, findtopraib

adj o-ā

(a) white (gen. bright white = Lat. candidus): bright, lustrous . Of color: tarb find, LU 3450 ( SCC 23 ). laith find (i.e. milk), Laws i 64.4 . trisin mbrat find (= pallio albo) Tur. 55 . Inis Bó finde, Fél. Aug. 8 . bolca finda (ref. to vescis candentibus) Ml. 99a4 . isa leth i mbátár na finna the side the white [sheep] were LU 1736 (= trēt gel, 1729 ). an focherded caírig find tar sonnach ... bá dub fó chetóir 1731 . Equat. finnithir canach slébe as white as mountain cotton-grass BDD 109 . Of lustrous objects: síthbe find findairgit, LU 10216 ( TEm. 14 ) = find forargit, LU 8634 ( FB 47 ). úatne finna forórda, LU 3687 ( SCC 33 ). i gcrích Ulad na n-es bfionn, O'Gr. Cat. 453.14 . fionn .i. follas, O'Cl. find .i. taitnemach, Stowe Gl. 175 . O'Cl. (fionn). As subst.: co find na matne till dawn TTr.² 1895 . Cf. corice in findmatin arnámhárach (leg. find, m. a. ?) 1656 . finn (name of letter b in a species of Ogham), Auraic. 5669 .

(b) fair, light-hued (of complexion, hair, etc.): línḟolt find forórdae fair, BDD 75 . find uile in fer sain eter ḟolt ┐ rosc ┐ ulcha ┐ abratchur ┐ dechelt, TBC-LL¹ 5348 = TBC-I¹ 3293 . in dias ... finna dib línaib cona foltaib ┐ a mbrataib ┐ it gilithir snechtae, BDD 99 . ben ... mong find fuirri, TBC-I¹ 2790 . ni thuca in finn ḟotai do not marry a tall fairhaired woman ZCP viii 112.30 . Common as sobriquet in this sense.

As subst.: in fhind robo scíamach 'the fair one that was beautiful', Celtica xxv 23 § 7 .

(c) fair, handsome (oft., but not necessarily, implying fairness of complexion): slog find forderg, LU 3866 ( SCC 38 ). mná finna, LU 8713 ( FB 53 ). nim geib format fri fer find I envy not a handsome man ZCP vi 267.3 . fer find (of Cú Chulainn, described as `dub' LU 8673 . 10218 ) LU 4546 = TBC-I¹ 58 is quoted by O'Cl. in illustration of 5 finn, q.v. In proper names: Be Ḟind, npr. f. LU 10843 . Bé Find, TBFr. § 1 . Bé bhind, Acall. 6904 . Bé Bhionn, DDána 91.17 . (see 1 bé). Ó Dálaigh Fiond (surname), ... ar an ó atá an moladh and sin Ó Dálaigh Ḟind ... ar Dálach atá an moladh and, § 168 , § 169 . In phr. with Donn and Dub meaning a nobody : ​ a n-íoc Fhinn nó Duibh nó Duinn, | ná cuir inn díot 'do not abandon me ... in punishment for a [mere] Fionn or a Dubh or a Donn', Ériu lxiv 164 § 1.12 .

(d) bright, blessed (freq. in religious poetry): is find a mbethu (gl. beati quorum ...) Wb. 2c2 . féil find Fergnai, Fél. Mar. 2 . búaid find Ualentini , Dec. 16 . la paiss find Faustíni , Oct. 8 . ar mbága finna (: thinga, v.l. thenga) Hy vi 17 (`our white fights' Thes.). in Fiada find (of God), Trip. 140.23 . munbad omun Fiadhat find, Ériu ii 229.10 . hi Fíadat find fíni `in the vine of the white Lord' Fél. Ap. 6 . Common epithet of saints: ceol cethri sanct find fichet SR 584 . (cf. seniores ... vestimentis albis Rev. iv 4 ) Fél. Jan. 9 , 14 ; Feb. 24 , Nov. 29 , Dec. 12 , etc. In n.l.: Mag Finn, Metr. Dinds. v 196 . Cf. in Finn faídech (name of a bell), s.v. faídech.

Cf. tarlagsa chucu dia fromad | focal finda filed, Anecd. i 47 § 4 (see also finn-focal in compds. below).

(e) in moral sense, fair, just, true: scél find fír, Ériu iv 132.2 . finda buana mo bretha, ZCP xi 91.8 . finn .i. fīr, Stowe Gl. 383 . fionn .i. fīrinne, O'Cl.

(f) of sounds: bro finn Fiachna `clear shout' O'Dav. 330 . Cf. the compd. finn-chéolán, below.

(g) of blighted corn: tornech ┐ tentich anbail ... gur milled moran do mes ┐ do torad ... ┐ cur fasadur arbanna finna fasa, Ann. Conn. 1328 § 3 (`corn grew whitish and empty' ALC i 607 ).

See finda.

Compds.

I With adj.:

(a) with adj. of color, denoting a light or bright shade (= Fr. clair, Germ. hell):

¤buide light-yellow: folt findbudi, TBC-LL¹ 213 . mongae findbudi BDD 84 ; 103 .

¤gel: Fiada findgel, SR 644 (cf. d above). Maire ... finngel, 4638 . g s m. Fiachach findgil , LL 127b6 ( MacCarthy 154 ). ¤rúad light auburn: ulcha findruad (of the apostle Philip), Ériu iii 194 § 7 . RC viii 363.13 . In: Forainn findruad, SR 3414 , ruad may mean strong.

(b) with other adjs. forming dwandwa-compds. ¤adbal: co flaith findadbail Fāelāin, 'prosperous powerful rule', Ériu xvii 38 § 1 . ¤aelta lime-white, white-washed: ` whitewashed ' P. O'C. don árus fhionnaolta, TSh. 2729 . foirccnemha fionnaolta, AFM v 1798.15 . ¤balc fair and strong: Eochaid findbalc, Metr. Dinds. ii 4.51 .

¤chas fair and curly: fer findcass foltlebor LL 120a43 . folt finnchas, Acall. 5992n .

¤chert: flaith findchert `noble righteous prince' Metr. Dinds. iii 452.39 . ¤fechtnach, see fechtnach. ¤lebor fair and long (or smooth): folt findleabor, Acall. 5992 . ¤lem fair and gentle: ind óg findlem ... | Maire ingen Ebraidé, SR 7503 . ¤mass fair and comely: dán findmas, Anecd. i 60 § 84 . ¤oll: ... A Dē ... | na roib coraither [ = co rāiter ?] immom | do bara findoll find-sa, ZCP viii 561.16 . ¤uar clear (?) and cold: i dtobar fhionnfhuar, TSh. 5047 . i madain focchmair fionnḟuair, AFM ii 932 (quot.). Cf. ind(ḟ)úar. ¤úallach: dáilimh ḟionnuallcha `fair, haughty cupbearers' TD 8.14 .

(c) with adj. derived from subst. compounded with finn: ¤bennach whitehorned , name of the bull of Connacht: LU 10400 . TBC-LL¹ 81 . Metr. Dinds. iii 370.66 (cf. 374.99 ). ¤chlothach: f. Bregh, Ériu xiii 21.22 . ? ¤lúasgach: áile laith ... fionnluasgach lí súla i mbí ina condull (of grain for malting), Ériu xiii 40.27 ( O'Dav. 1199 ). Possibly this belongs to finna. ¤nélach: flaith findnélach, LL 120b8 (cf. —nél). ¤súilech (cf. 3 finn ?), as sobriquet: C. occisus est on Ḟíndṡuilech RC xvii 403.18 (Tig.). AFM ii 884.2 .

II With subst.

(a) in various senses of the simple adj.: ¤airge a milch-herd: ocht fichit f., Acall. 514 . 1887 . 5985 (cf. 2 finn). ¤alt see finnalt. ¤argat white silver: síthbe findargit, LU 9262 . s. find findairgit 10216 . claideb co u-imdurnn findarcaid, TBC-I¹ 3345 . ¤bantracht band of fair women Acall. 5289 . ¤ben: g p. tri .l. findban , 6905 . ¤bile, fig. of pers.: in findbile `the noble prince ' Metr. Dinds. ii 8.1 . ZCP viii 226.19 . ¤bla: fál fri findblai `with a fair lawn' Metr. Dinds. ii 6.66 . ¤bliadain: cethri fichit findbliadna, LL 127b3 ( MacCarthy 154 ). ¤charn white carn: TBC-LL¹ 1203 (= carnd ngel, LU 5103 ). ¤cheólán blessed (?) bell: mór do findcheolanaib ceilebartha, Acall. 2610 . ar findcheolanuibh trath, 327 . ¤chles: finnclesa TBC-LL¹ 5512 St. ¤chóelach white (i.e. peeled) wattles: cét marclach do fhinnchaeluch (for building a house), Lism. L. 1572 . árach fionnchaolaigh, AFM vi 2218.1 . ¤choire: see findchoire. ¤delg white (i.e. silver) pin: .x. findelga (.i. airget), Ériu ii 5.5 . ¤ḟénnid: Iriel Fáid f., LL 127b17 ( MacCarthy 158 ). ¤feth: fine calm weather (? Cf. findbad): dorala f. doib for an ffairge, Leb. Gab.(i) i 258.11 . ¤flaith: g s. findflatha , BDD 100c (Y 1015 ). ¤focal fair word; magic (?) word: a p. ór nad fil lem ... findfocla frismberad F. fursunnud fiss, LL 259b29 ( IT i 68 ). fir domuin ... no ṡídaigfed da thrí finndfoclaib, LL 267b41 ( MU² 759 ). d p. i fis ┐ i foglaim ┐ i finnfoclaibh filedh, CCath. 4411 . basa bodhar foglime i findfocluib fis, ZCP xii 365.19 . ¤folt (of wave crests) Thes. ii 290.4 . ¤gáire a pleasant laugh: cia ro thibe fion[n]gāire, ZCP vi 267 § 6 . ¤gein: findgein Magdaléna `blessed nativity' Fél. July 22 . cf. findgen grían, ZCP xi 109 § 15 . ¤Goídel: sliocht fionnGaoidil, Léachtaí Cholm Cille xxiv 110 § 47 . ¤lebar: do findleabraib trāth (books of hours), Acall. 2610 . re finnleabhraibh fileadh, TD 5.7 . ¤maten dawn, morning: corice in findmatin arnámhárach, TTr.² 1656 (possibly find, m., see under a above). ¤mónann cowberry: ethad in ḟindmonai[n] (leg. ḟindmonainn; in ḟínemain, ind finemain, v.ll.) na [in in] brecce na crand crin 'essen sie die Preißelbeere oder die Rinde(?) dürrer Bäume', ZCP xxx 150.31 . ¤nél: white mist: findnél na cailce, RC xiii 456.19 (cited under finnell .i. nell fionn, O'Cl. Cf. finnell). ¤nem: fortacht ar Fíadat findnime, Hy iii 4 . ¤némand white pearl: g p. frossa findnémand , TBC-LL¹ 208 . ¤rop the small intestine: see findrop. ¤ṡlúag, Fél. May 23 . ¤sruth a fair stream: as n. fl. MU² 264 . findṡruth arggait, Imr. Brain § 40 . Fig.: nis fuinchessa co finnsrothaib airchetail .i. [na filid] icatāit na srotha taitnemhacha , ( O'D. 1220 (< H 2.15A p. 85 - 6 ). filidh nis fuinchesa go ffiondṡrothaibh aircheadail, Ériu xiii 51.12 . ( O'Mulc. 600 ). Finnsruth Fithil (name of a law tract), Laws i 120.1 Comm. Here perhaps: ara naisc finnsruth findtigha, Laws iv 38.10 (emended to ¤sru[i]th, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 137 , perhaps wrongly). Cf. the adj. findsrothach (versed in the (treatise) `Finnsruth' ?): dia mba brethem ba faṡach, ba f., O'D. 2227 ( Nero A vii, 153a ). ¤topar fair, clear spring: d s. mor do findtopraib , SR 500 .

(b) forming stable compds. in which the meaning of the subst. is modified: ¤choll whitebeam (?) (ZCP xvii 177-84 , Celtica xi 118 ): fidṡlatta findchuill, TBC-LL¹ 1434 . lorg findchuill, Acall. 3489 . ¤fúarad cooling, refreshment , see ind(ḟ)úar and cf. ¤úar above. Hence finnfúaraigid refreshes: an t-aiéor fhionnfhuaruighios mé, Mac Aingil 43.8 . ¤scél a story, a legend: se fichit findscél na fíann | foclas cech fili, LL 145a49 . finn-sgéal filidheachta, TSh. 7418 . Keat. ii 2336 . ¤scoth [leg. fíon— ?] hound's tongue (plant-name) Hog. Luibhl. cionoglosa .i. an ḟionscoith, 23 K 42, 400.2 . ¤uma white copper (species of bronze ?): fedana finduma, Acall. 2441 . fetan f., 7600 (of brooches). sceith co caladbualtib finnuma, LL 266b16 ( MU² 609 ). sonnach finduma, Anecd. ii 7.1 . Cf. findruine.

(c) occas. seems used in an ironical sense: as an bhfionnfregradh sin (of an opponent's answer), Luc. Fid. 295.15 . go gcead d[obh]ar bhfionnraidhtibhsi your glib assertions 207.1 .

(d) in poetry freq. prefixed to names of persons, tribes and places: fionnMhuire, Dán Dé ii 21 . fionnGhaoidhil, TD 1.56 . re fóir bhfionnBhaoille, 16.62 .

III In proper names.

(a) of persons: see Zimmer, KZ xxxii 158 ff ., Meyer, Wortk. 213 .

(b) common in place-names: Finn-glas, ¤glenn, ¤loch, ¤mag, etc., see Onom.

(c) in people-names: ¤gall a fair-haired foreigner orig. applied to Norwegians settled in Ireland (opp. to Dubgall Dane): Ragnall ... rí Finngall ┐ Dubgall, AU 920 . forgla Frangc ┐ Findgall, MR 110.11 . Later used of the Anglo-Norman invaders and their descendants, opp. to Gall = a contemporary invader: araill d'uaislibh na bFionnghall dusfangatar an insi fecht riamh ... ind agaidh na nGall dusficcset fa dheóidh a críochaibh Saxan, Hugh Roe 12.4 (f. 3a) . an Róisteach ... ┐ a bhen ... d'écc ... ┐ ni bhaí dfionnghallaibh Ereann ... lánamain rob oirdearca ináit-sidhe, AFM v 1798.11 . Of people of Hebrides (see Rannsachadh na Gàidhlig i 13 ): Ailín ler coisnadh clár Fionnghall, Rel. Celt. ii 218.5 . Crioch Fhionnghall anaimsir ailín, 220.21 . ¤ genti white heathens (contr. with Dub-g., q.v.), Norsemen: lucht ocht xxi t long di ḟindgentib AU 851 . Finngheinnte, Keat., iii 2457 . ¤lochlonnach a Norwegian (opp. to Dubl. a Dane); `a name given in Ireland to a Norweigian signifying Lakelander, in contradiction to a Dane who was called Dubhlochlannach i.e., a more foreign or strange lakelander' P. O'C. [gairthear] Fionnlochlonnaigh do lucht na Noruaegia, Keat. iii 2457 . Also the people of the Hebrides: Éireannaigh féin fionnLochlannaigh the Hebrideans are also Irish, CMCS xxxviii 23 . ¤lochlanna the Hebrides: i mbun a ghabháltuis féin i nAlbuin, agus i bhFionnlochlonnaibh, L. Cl. A. B. 51 § 7 . ¤genti `fair gentiles' (Norwegians) Cog. 20z . See AFM i p. 482 .

2 glas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 glas or dil.ie/25996
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: dubglass, rinn-glas

o,ā adj. descriptive of various shades of light green and blue, passing from grass-green to grey , opposed on the one hand to uaine green and on the other to gorm blue. It appears in the list of colours given as names to the winds in SR 58 seq. and Laws i 26.31 Comm.

I

(a) of green or greenish hue (esp. of growing things, grass, trees, etc.): géga glasa, BS 30.17 . ith nglass, SG 80.9 . do glas cainnind, Laws ii 254.9 . a gcrích bhranach na mbenn nglas, O'Gr. Cat. 513.6 . ar chraoibh dhuilleaghlais, TD 1.53 ; 6.4 . Compar. glaisiu geltaibh gort `greener than pastures is ivy,' Auraic. 1189 . Superl. glaisium cnis `most silvery of skin' (of the birch-tree), 5617 . As subst. : fiad-ubull ... amail glas fiadan he, Laws v 474.17 Comm. Glas nenta (name of a cat `Nettle-Green'), O'Dav. 1045.

Compds. ¤choll green hazel , LB 155a26 . ¤chraíbech green branches : tene do glas-chrāibech, MacCongl. 115.13 . ¤dair green oak : dairbre glas-darach, CRR § 37 . ¤désach green-spiked (of corn), AFM v 1628.3 . ¤ḟér : luigfér glasfeóir ┐ arbar, LU 8124 ( FB 9 ). Fen. 50.22 . ¤ḟérach green-grassy , TTebe 2268 . ¤géc glaisgēg darach, SG 328.20 . ¤gésca : glas-gesceda darach, CRR § 37 . ¤gort a green cornfield , CCath. 4915 . AFM vi 2332.28 . ¤míne `a green sward ,' BS 90.y .

(b) blue, greenish blue ; greyish blue : dubglass (gl. caeruleum), Sg. 70b12 . ba glas ┐ ba téntide a sliab, Ml. 96b17 (ref. to Exodus xxiv 10 : quasi opus lapidis sapphirini). Cf. dath glas ... forsind sl[é]ib fo chosmailius saphirr, 84d4 . Of the eyes : súil glass, IT i 79.5 . rosc glass, TBC-LL¹ 206 . Equative glasidir buga indala suil, BDD 97 . Cf. IT i 119.27 (glaissigtir). O'Cl. s.v. bugha. TBC-LL¹ 5270 . rinn-glas keen and blue (?) : M. an ruiscc rind-glais, Cog. 102.22 . Of the sky : Compar. nem ... as glaisiu cach ligdath, Ériu ii 110.2 . Of the sea : itir glasmuir ocus tír, Imr. Brain i 25 § 53 . Acall. 741. CCath. 3495 . tar glas-muirib, Hy Maine 134.15 . clo do glasré[i]n, RC xiii 222.3 (B. na F.). on tSúir ... glais, TD 17.33 ; 2.1 . na mara glastonnacha blue-waved , CF (Eg.) 20 .

(c) Seems to be used of the blue dye extracted from woad (hence called `glasen') : croceo .i. glas vel tinctura, Thes. ii 361.8 (= Ecl. iv 44 ). ? To this : amail glas fiadan `like a wild herb,' Laws v 474.17 . Probably to this is due the doubtful gl. : glas .i. cron no buide, Manners and Customs i 436. Of the practice of tattooing with woad : Amargen ... gairglas gl. icatá in colpa glas iarna crechad, Anecd. v 22.18 and n. 7 . crecad glas ar na roscaib blue tattooing on the eye-lids, Laws v 108.30 Comm. See ZCP x 400 - 401 (Meyer). ediudh dearg ocus glas ocus dond do macuiph airiuch ; ediudh corcrudh ocus gorm do macuib rig, Laws ii 146.12 Comm.

(d) Of metal : co scenaib glasgéraib, SCC 40. BDD 82 . scíath glass, TBC-LL¹ 5413 . do chainnlig na ṅglas-gae, Ériu iv 26 § 15 . taitnem ... na [n]glasluirech, CCath. 5447 . Ériu i 88 § 35. Cf. Cog. 202.9 ... a chlaideb ṅ-glasseltach, TBC-LL¹ 4603 . as bhar n-geimlechaib ... glas-iaraind, MR 178.4 . CCath. 2627 . catháir glas airgdidi (glassairgit v.l.), BDD 105 . glas-ghall a Viking (so called from their steel armour), MacCarthy 422.z . Ériu i 88 § 35.

(e) Of frost or ice : madain ghlaisreódha `shining with frost,' BS 90.z .

(f) Of shades of grey : cói ... hi ṁbrot glass the cuckoo in a grey mantle, Thes. ii 290.9 . graig n-gabor n-glas, SCC 33.14 . dá ech ... brecglassa, LU 8590 ( FB 45 ). glas-chullach a grey stallion , Dinds. § 107 (RC xvi). an Glas gaillmhe (name of a horse), Acall. 282 . mong glas gaisidech, RC xxiv 196.17 . glas-chlocha, CF 739 . forsan nglaslicc cloiche on the grey flagstone, RC xxvi 370.3 . xiii 66 § 68 . TBC-LL¹ 750 . ¤chéo a grey mist , 5042 . ¤nél dub dorchaidhe, TTr.² 848 . glas-neoill ... na maitne, CCath. 4362 . snath glasolla unbleached woollen thread, Laws i 152.10 Comm. See also (c).

(g) wan (of complexion) ; bluish, livid, discoloured ; faded (of garments) : glas mo ghrúadh, BS 118.23 . beid cassa is lāma ... glassa (of corpses), ACL iii 239 § 22 . cech det glasbuide, FB 37 (Eg.). corran glaisḟiacla, RC xxiv 196.19 . se glunmár ... glasingnech, FB 37 (Eg.). cruib garbae glaissfet[h]ac[h]a with livid sinews (?), CCath. 4029 . an tí ghlas ní dheachaidh de the livid mark (of Goídel Glas), Keat. ii 306 (poem). nídat glasa slíma a mbruit, Acall. 797 . As subst. a livid mark, bruise : math glas nō derg nō att 'if it be a bruise or an abrasion or a swelling' Cáin Ad. 28 § 44 , Ériu lii 127 . ni thernó ... gan chned no gan glas no gan derg, RC xv 202.10 .

(h) Modifying or modified by another adj. of colour : aghaid glasban pallid , CCath. 4022 . each glasbhán, Rev. vi 8 . na gruaidhe arna nglas-bhánadh, TSh. 1094 . det glasbuide, FB 37 (Eg.). cleirech glaisliath, Anecd. i 70 § 173 . madra ... glasodhar, Acall. 1900 . in t-ṡódh ... glasrod (v.ll. glasródh ; ghlasrúadh) russet, TBC-LL¹ 2366 . go ganem nglasruad reddish-grey , TTebe 1967 . brat dubglas dark-blue , TBC-LL¹ 5450 St. baill dub-glassa livid , Three Hom. 80.16 .

II Fig.

(a) glasmartre : a stage of self-mortification midway between bán- and dergmartre (glas being an intermediate hue) (see Ireland in Early Mediaeval Europe 44 ): filus trechenélæ martre daneu adrímiter ar chruich ... báanmartre ocus glasmartre ocus dercmartre ... issí ind glasmartre dó in tain scaras fria thola léo ł céssas saithor i ppennit ocus aithrigi, Thes. ii 246 - 247 (Camb. Hom.).

(b) fresh, young : glass glēthach Nūadu, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 41 § 36. Cf. glasaigne, glasláth. Fig. iar mbethaid glūair glasglain, ZCP vi 265 § 20.

(c) fresh, raw, sharp .

(1) Of the weather (prob. orig. grey, overcast) : Ingoeth glas, IT iii 17 § 45 . is glas errach oighreta, KMMisc. 313.23 . re sidi ṅglasfuar ṅgaithi, TTebe 2402 . aimṡer lethglas, ZCP viii 195 § 16 . glas ūar errach aigide, Ériu vii 4 § 3.

(2) Fig. in moral sense harsh : rochertus for Lagniu lánēraic glais gluind, PRIA iii 552 § 42 ( LL 147 a49 ). Intensive, out and out, stark : 'na gheilt ghlas, BS 6.y . gleo glasgharbh, Acall. 604 . Possibly also ZCP vi 265 § 20 . See II (b) supra.

(d) neutral-tinted, hence fig. plain, unpretentious, unassuming : re dán nglas ... | dán breaghdha do bhreágnachadh, Content. vii § 13 . is glas an sníomh an sníomh sin, ib. n .

(e) Leg. cú glas (derogatory) an immigrant from overseas (lit. grey wolf) : secht n-aithre la Feine nad icat cinta a mac, ri ocus esbog ... ocus cu glas, Laws v 234.24 . mac con glais .i. mac in con tar glas na fairgi, ib. 202.5 . Cf. Ir. Recht § 33 ; ZCP xix 348.

III Various compds. ¤bachall name of a crozier (prob. so called from its colour), BNnÉ 315 § 10 . ¤fhian (1) name of some sept (?) : in ghlaisfhian do mharbad ... ┐ rí na glaisfhéine .i. Mant na mulchán Ua Ruairc, ALC i 232.14 , 16 ( AFM iii 124 ). (2) a warrior-band of the Fianna (named from colour of armour or standards ?), Oss. iii 88.13 . ¤fhine the child of an Irish woman by a foreigner; descendants of a woman by a cú glas : glasfine mac mna ditfini beres do albanach, Laws iv 284.19 . glasfine .i. gabair tar glas na fairge .i. mac murcuirthe .i. mac ... beres bean don ḟine d'albanach, 290.6 -7. ? ¤ḟúaróit : tre gerrolainn nglasḟúaróte, 'for the sake of a cold, grey, short fleece' EIS 168 § 83 . ¤láith, see separate heading. ¤mes (?) : grúaca a cennaib, glasmes ndóine `na ré (i.e. in reign of Flann Sinda), ZCP xii 235 § 52 . ¤reng a boar : glasreng .i. torc, LU 1287 ; 1327 . a wolf (?) : g s. co rucsat (leg. ruca sat) glasrinde ... fon muine (v.l. sod maic thíre), D IV 2, 63rb46 (= fol. 86 ). co nglassríanaib, 'with unornamented (lit. grey) bridles' Críth G. 14.346 , EIF 89 .

IV o, npr m. Glass mac Caiss, Trip. ii 570.16 ; 122.25 . pl. na trí Glais, LU 9083 ( FB 83 ). See also Heldensage (Index) ; Rawl. (Index). f. an Ghlas Ghoibnenn (name of a cow), see Goibniu.

ind(ḟ)úar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ind(ḟ)úar or dil.ie/28553

adj o, ā (5 in- + (f)úar).

(a) very cold, chilly, cool, refreshing: cnáim ind íaich ettig innúair, LL 129b22 . ro adnacht ... a leabaid innḟuair, Acall. 1204. a maduin oighridh innḟuair, 3524 . in drúcht innḟúar álainn-si, IGT Decl. ex. 1691. corránic in n-áth n-indúar, Ériu v 221.21 . cet tengad aig athlom innuar `a hundred sharp ready cool tongues,' Cog. 50.15 . ór bog ┐ argad ionnúar, IGT Decl. ex. 471. a airne ionnúara `its refreshing sloes,' BS 110.8 . i madain focchmair fionnḟuair, AFM ii 932.7 . Compar. and superl.: do thalmain caithid a cuid, docum cumad innfuaire doibh é `that it may be cooler for them,' Maund. § 39. Adv. ina suidhe go hionnḟuar ... aerdha ar colba a hiomdhaidhe, Ériu v 76.35 .

As subst., cold: tolcha corra Cháoille an Drúadh | as áoighe (áoidhe, v.l.) orra an t-ionnúar, IGT Decl. ex. 1620.

(b) Fig. refreshing, pleasing, entertaining: sgaoith d'uirsgéalaibh ionnuara, TD 3 § 30. do-ghéan gréas ionnuar aoire `I shall compose a refreshing piece of censure,' § 50 . téid don fhlaith ionfhuair fhaoilidh, 31 § 4. bliadhain iomshlán d'Aonghas Ruadh | re hucht ngill ar ghrés n-ionnfhuar `for delicate work,' Studies 1920, 2 § 5 .

1 matan, maiten

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 matan, maiten or dil.ie/31670
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: mmatain, matin, matain, mmatin, madan, maidean, madan, maiden, madan, maidean, maidean, matain, maiden, matan, maitne

n ā, f., (< Lat. mā(tū)tīna, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 204 , 232 or < Lat. *matīna, Ériu xxxiv 60 n. 114 ): a s. co mmatain , BCr. 33b1 . matin, 33c5 ( Thes. ii 20.39 , 22.36 ). d s. isin matain , Ml. 44b1 . re mmatin , 107d13 . Also treated as o, m. in Mid.Ir. madan, IGT Dec. § 18.9 , maidean, § 54.5 (ā, f.); but madan, § 17.9 ; maiden, § 23 (o, m.); d s. a madan , ib. ex. 717 ; ar maidean , 830 . Cf. fair maitin . . . ar cumtubairt in maitin, O'Mulc. 491. Mod. maidean (maidin), f.

(a) morning: matan mairt, LU 3007. matan in loei, PH 103. co tanicc maten iarna márach, IT i 126.5 . tráth bá maiten dóib, 138.8 (LU = matan, Eg.). ar madain (= mane facto), Lat. Lives 20 = isin maittin, 37 . fri uare na matne, TBC-LL¹ 2089. a dorbblass na matni muchi, 3774 . mór maitne ba moch th'eirge, 4004 . dobhurṡoillsi na maidne muiche, CCath. 1923. grian eirgheas i madain , PBocht 8 § 23. As adv. in a s. or d s.: matain tancatar a tech, Hy. v 54 , but: matan ba óg in garman, ib. 76 . atragat . . . matain muich, FB 64. luid in rectaire matain moch, IT i 74.9 . sailm aurnaichti . . . fogníad madin la sochuidi psalms of prayer are used by some in the morning, Mon. Tall. § 5. maiden [matan v.l.] iar n-eirgi . . . slechtuid fo thri, ZCP vii 310 § 2. mad mattin no berthe in mac, viii 309.14 . Asadv. in g s.: dogníd C. cacha maitne cach cless díb every morning, TBC-LL¹ 2121. cen a fothrucud cech maitni, LL 125a7 . gacha maidne, TSh. 260. re tri maidneachaib a ndiaidh a ceili on three successive mornings, R.I.A. 23 P 10³, 6b34 (late form). Fig. dawning, beginning : conid hé-sin fescor na haéssi-sin, ar ro-baé matan ┐ fescor cacha haéssi 'that is the close of that Age, for there was a dawning and a setting of every age', Sex Aet. 71 § 18 .

(b) matins (canonical hour), also called iarmérge, tiugnár, see KMMisc. 162. antert, tert . . . midnoct, maten, Thes. i 3.36 .

Compd. matan-ṡolus dawn , Alex. 753.

tinnrem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tinnrem or dil.ie/40901
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: tinnram

n ā, f. vn. of *do-indrimi. Also tinnram; cf. ZCP x 323 .

I

(a) act of performing, carrying out: tris in tindrim gl. per exsecutionem, Ml. 33d13 . comram Echdach mic Darfind, fil a thindrem issin glind, ZCP iii 43 § 16 . ised ro canadh int én sin o madain co medon laí .i. tinnramh an betha re n-innsin ┐ re tuismeadh na ndul, KMMisc. 316.5 . teora cinel ind duinebath indso di thindrem, Flower Cat. 492 § 71 . tinrumh uile thoisci ┐ timthirthecht an tighi, Fl. Earls 182.16 .

(b) undertaking, beginning: tinnremh .i. tinnsgital, O'Dav. 1602. et is e sin tindrem genemna U., TTebe 4808 .

(c) behaviour: in corugud no in tinrum tucsat forro, Acall. 6088 . cindus ata do thinnramh, Flower Cat. 481.33 .

(d) course, voyage; adventure, story: cat in stiurad nó in tinrum doberisi?, Acall. 5279 . ... co h-Erinn na h-aine | ro toghsat a tindremh | gobhsat inber Slaine, Todd Nenn. 134.67 . tuargaibset a tindrem | sund a n-inbeir Bonni, 146.155 . tinnriumu (tinnruma, v.l.) na laechraide, CCath. 4309 . indisfet mo thindram det-siu, MacCongl. 105.18 . tindrum .i. sgél, ut est; tindrum mac Miled dochum n-Erenn, 197 s.v.

(e) course (of action) : cinnus atá do thinnrem…? 'what is your course of action…?' Ériu lviii 8 § 1 . tinnriomh .i. criochnugadh, O'Cl. do reir rechta na toicten ata tinnremh in cinedha daenna, CCath. 4071 . do innisin do tinnriuma duit, 4283 .

II service, attendance: tindrem, cancelled gloss on siren, Sg. 63b17 , which perhaps the scribe at first mistook for servitium (Plummer MS. notes). buadaig muintir Dareraca ri tinrem, Fél. 68.18 . selfaid fri tindrem tromsluag, SR 5230 . ninanais fri tindremm tinn, 5999 . fria tindrem, fria timthirecht, 6280 . o ro indis forru a tuirtechta ┐ a tindrium ṅdíles, Three Hom. 116.z . Badb is Macha ... Mōrrígān ... tindrema ind āga amnais | ingena ána Ernmais `Dienerinnen harten Kampfes,' ZCP xiv 176.8 . cath Feä feib tindrem, xii 436 § 10 .

? sceoo dalaib tindrime, ZCP viii 103.22 . ? admestar hūir asa tindremaib hi torath tecail, xi 95 § 43 .

trogain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. trogain or dil.ie/41998

n Perh. orig. d s. of n-stem. Cf. `troigh' ar thurghabhail ngréine, Metr. Gl. 29 § 50 . daybreak, sunrise: trogein .i. gein ┐ tróg .i. turgabail na gréine ┐ aicsin a ruthin resin ngréin isin matain, Corm. 42 = trogen .i. gein ┐ trog .i. turgabāil na grēne, ┐ as geinithir a ruithni riasin grēin isin matoin, Corm. Y 1216 . troghain .i. turgbháil greine .i. eirghe greine, O'Cl. al-lūachair trogain (throgan, v.l.) glossed dorooig a fuin .i. ainm do thurcbail deirg na gréne isin matain, RC xxvi 18 § 23 . cen tomailt ... co trogain maidne, ZCP viii 102.19 = co madain , Ériu ii 186.16 .

3 trom

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 trom or dil.ie/42031
Last Revised: 2019

I As adj. o,ā

(a) heavy: gravis .i. t.¤ , O'Mulc. 623 . ní .i. t.¤ , Ml. 20a18 . is t.¤ cenae ho aicniud, 20a20 . in toimseo truim gl. multi ponderis, 20a21 . .x. tulcubha truma .i. bair, Ériu ii 4.16 . ar claidbib tromma, TBC-LL¹ 3699 . tuc gach tīr a thoradh t.¤ , ZCP viii 109.5 . asa trillsib troma, TTebe 1036 . ní t.¤ féar a fanntolchadh, DDána 73.5 . Of the body: an corp mall toirrchimeach t.¤ , Dán Dé xxix 4 . ré hiomchar ualaigh thruim na haithrighe, TSh. 8884.

(b) Extended applications: circull t.¤ do démnaib `dense ring of demons,' Trip. 448.3 . Of sleep: ní maith cotlud t.¤ , LU 3608 ( SCC 30 ). suan t.¤ , RC xxiii 418.13 . Of a perfume: t.¤ ó gharadh na gréine | baladh céire um fhonn Áine, IGT Decl. ex. 1206 . 'na morcaibh troma teineadh, TD 4.22 . maille ré láimh thruim do luighe air, TSh. 9510 . ni raibe si t.¤ ar a toirrcis (Mary), Smaointe B. Chr. 392 . t.¤ ag roinn an fhóghmhair iad (of grasping peasants), Ó Bruad. iii 202.20 .

In IGT Introd. of the l, n and r resulting from assimilation after a long vowel in compd. nouns: ní fhuil cruth a tteaguimh .l. ┐ .d. nó dá .l. dá chéile a ccomhfhocal nach dénann ... .l. t.¤ [díobh] a ndíaigh shínidh fhada mur so: ... gáol ┐ dlúith, gáolúith a chomhfhocal. An tan teaguimh .n. ┐ .d. nó dá .n. dá chéile ... do-ní ... .n. t.¤ [díobh] a ndíaigh shínidh fhada, mur tá so: ... cíainearg (cían+dearg). An tan teaguimh da .r. no .rr. ┐ .r. édtrom dá chéile ... do-ní ... .r. t.¤ [díobh] a ndíaigh shínidh fhada mur so: ... gér ┐ ród, gérród (leg. géród ? Ed.), p. 13 . Also of n in inflectional forms: .n. t.¤ and .n. chasus mur so: abhann ┐ na haibhne, 5.4 . And in compds. after r preceded by a short vowel: corn ┐ dearg, coirndearg a chomhfhocal; .n. trom as coir d'ogham air sin, 5.5 .

(c) heavy, severe, grievous, difficult: nipsa tróm for nech gl. nulli honerosus fui, Wb. 17c2 . is tromm form for ṅ-ingnas `grievous to me is your absence,' Fél. Ep. 380 . ropo t.¤ iarum accobar forsind ingin `desire lay heavy upon the girl,' Mon. Tall. 149.11 . ba t.¤ for Brigit ind inbuith eter dí Chaisc la cen[n]galar, Irish Texts i 9.15 . cusin Cáisc truim trednaig, Ériu iii 98 § 18 . robo t.¤ tra la M. an ni-sin, RC xxiv 194.25 . ba tromm ... laissin druid dicheilt Etáiniu fair, IT i 129.20 . isin péin truimm sin, 186.28 . ecla na hingrema truimme-sin severe persecution, PH 565 . dorad side seirc truim de (leg. dí), Ériu iv 174.23 . t.¤ orm a innisi, ZCP viii 200.25 . t.¤ re híoc difficult to pay for, DDána 30.11 . do ba t.¤ leiss in tir he `all the country thought his maintenance a great oppression,' L. Chl. S. 58.3 . Hence sad, sorrowful: t.¤ .i. tuirseach, O'Cl. is tromm ar menmae linn ... indiu, ZCP viii 176.5 . ba t.¤ laisin a banchele do eg, Ériu iii 150 § 2.

(d) great, vast, powerful, mighty: t.¤ .i. mor, ut est co tuitet neime niuil truim, O'Dav. 1532. Of the earth: ar talmain truim, LL 343a48 (cf. Tec. Corm. 2.2 ). ar talmhuin troim, Ériu i 30.223 . Of places: atbath borg t.¤ Temra `Tara's mighty burgh,' Fél. Prol. 165 . túatha in tuaíscirt truim, ZCP xii 390.29 . a Tuadmumain truimm, Ériu viii 69.65 . Of persons: ba fer tromm, techtaide treb, Metr. Dinds. iii 410.3 . tairsigh troma i n-a ttionól, Geneal. Tracts 81.14 . ō thriathaib troma, ML² 468 . Various: os tuind truim, SR 882 . dar trethan t.¤ `over the vast deep,' Arch. Hib. ii 70 § 4 . búidne troma, PH 2919 . táinte troma fat (?) droves, IGT Decl. ex. 968 . líon debtha fa t.¤ dtinóil whose muster was mighty, O'Gr. Cat. 502.21.

Equative trummithir tinni deich brudamna cach n-ae, LU 7737 ( BDD 130 ). Compar. ba truimmiu cach othaig dún, LU 971 (ACC). it truma smachta geimrid oldaiti smachta samraid severer , Laws iv 88.y . trummi turcbáil something heavier than can be raised, MU² 972 . dolléci in n-osnaid as trummu cach n-osnaid, LU 2133 ( FA 20 ). ba troma cech ngalar leis toitim a athar, TTr.² 178 . truma na sin d-albuin t-ég, Rel. Celt. ii 220.8 . cia dhíobh pian is truime, TSh. 1999 . With de: is trumaite a piana ... a fuirech oc denam uilcc, Fél.² cxvii 12 . trummute lassin n-oenfher di suidiu, LL 283a43 . cach airdi bias in torad bid trumaidi a thuindseom ac toitim, YBL 167b34 . ro badh tromaide a thoirsi ar na tiribh `he was more lamented in the territories,' AFM v 1768.19 . Superl. in anim as truma pīan | fil a n-ifurnd, ACL iii 216.5 . rí as ... truime tabharta `of most generous hand,' Studies 1932, 141 § 13 . ós é as truma duais dána, A. Ó Dálaigh xlvii 1.

As adv.: ar th'fhine is t.¤ do thagrais, Content. xiii 27 . is t.¤ codultaidhi, Fier. 136 . inneóin Temrach tair co trom[m] (sic leg.), Ériu iv 110 § 72a . ra chotail Fer diad tossach na h-aidchi co rothromm, TBC-LL¹ 3249 . codlaid co t.¤ , RC xxiii 412.2 . a ttír do thadhall go t.¤ (i.e. to invade their territory), BNnÉ 256.35 .

II As subst. o, [n.]

(a) weight, heaviness, burden; greater part, bulk: is dingbāil truim don slōg removing a load (i.e. by getting rid of a troublesome ally), TBC-I¹ 1490 (= dromma, LU 5956 ). do thuit t.¤ an uilc | ar Thrian Conghail, L. Cl. A. B. 139.17 . bíodh gurb antrom t.¤ do th.¤, | t.¤ tret antrom go bhfagham `heavy a burden as Thy burden is, may I be weighed down by it,' Aithd. D. 92.5 . ar lēigen a truim forra (of warriors resting on their spears), ML² 1491 . congbaid t.¤ a slóigh ina ttimchel, AFM iii 222.17 . t.¤ an pheacaidh `the burden of sin' (Gloss.), TSh. 2980.

(b) severity, distress, difficulty, sorrow: ba nua no chesad cach tromm diofothuch .i. cach tromḟotach no chésad ba amal núa leisseom-sein, LU 969 (ACC). a t.¤ do cintuch in cetnu fechta `the severity (of the law),' Laws ii 62.18 Comm. beth idir dha th.¤ to be in a dilemma, ZCP x 286.12 . mór mhaothchroidhe (sic leg.) ar a ttug t.¤ many the soft heart it filled with sadness (the death of a chief), Rel. Celt. ii 272.3 . ar an dt.¤ fhuarus uime ` persecution ,' Ir. Review 1913, 624 § 15 .

(c) blame, censure: móide mo th.¤ a Thorna | ort, Content. iii 29 . t.¤ oram gidh bé gá mbé whoever blames me, PBocht 1.28 . With do-gní: déanamh truim | ar chloinn Éibhir, Content. v 67 . adéarthaoi nach dearnais t.¤ | ar shíol gCuinn, ix 13 . na hughdair do ghéanadh t.¤ | ar an aird thuaidh dá labhram `writers who would speak harshly of the North,' vi 34 .

Compds. Usually as intens. pref. or for alliteration. For stable compds. not given here see separate articles.

(a) With nouns. ¤achlán grievous lament: ag tromachlān, ag tuirsi ┐ ag truaighneimhēle, ZCP xiv 241.7 . do-rónsad tuirsi ┐ tromachlann, Comp. CC 125.3 . ¤ág severe battle: as mór tromágh risar bean, ZCP viii 228 § 27 . ¤aicme: ó th. ... Mh. `from M.'s teeming posterity,' O'Gr. Cat. 475.12. -alt(?): roddet a tuasciurt Connacht | tascid tiri dar tromm-alt, Ériu viii 70.82 . fa sluag ... Temra na t. `of the heavy deeds,' MR 252.4 . ¤anfad great storm: na téta ... aga trasgairt ... on t., Études Celt. i 82.4 . ¤ár heavy slaughter: Brigit cháid ... fri trommár, Gorm. Feb. 7 . dorat for slúag trommar thall, RC xlvii 307.15 . ac tarrngaire an tromáir, CF 741 . ¤choblach mighty fleet: in trom-choblach mór muride, CRR 14.16 . ¤chonách great prosperity: triath toictech, tromconaich, ZCP vi 35.8 . gach aon agá mbiadh toicce nó trom-chonách, TSh. 494 . ¤chotlud heavy sleep: contulmis tromchotlud, TBC-LL¹ 3536 . rabai Palpitus ... 'na tromchodlad, TTebe 3960 . ¤dígail severe vengeance: a tabairt fo thromdigail, SR 2412 . rí dosrat ... fo thromdiglaib, 7202 . ¤ḟlaith great lord: do macaib ... tromḟlatha fer Muman, RC xviii 173.13 . tromḟlaithi coicidh cennaird Concobair, TBC-LL¹ 5513 . ¤ gabáltas: is a nIarusalem do bí tighius ┐ tromgabáltus Iacim 'in Jerusalem was Joachim's house and farm', Ev.Inf. (LFF) 171 § 23 . ¤gáir mighty shout: co cualatar tromgair na slog, RC xxiii 412.7 . as taircetul tromgaire ndoinmeach in morcatha, CCath. 4382 . co ttuargaibhset tri tromghaire os aird, BS 14.3 . ¤galar sore disease: conebailt de throm-galur, Trip. 524.38 . ro lécustair sláetan trommgalair chuci, IT i 121.15 . ¤lasair mighty flame: tig de mo thesargain | ar tes na tromlasrach, ZCP viii 203.2 . i cathairib tromlasrach, Lism. L. 3639 . ¤less great benefit: as de ticc a ttrom-les, BNnÉ 256.28 . a ndearna do tharbha ┐ do throimleas dóibh, TSh. 4591 . ¤nél heavy cloud: tuc ... troim-nēll teinedh tar in tīr, ML² 313 . do toit taisi ┐ trom-nell fuirre ` swooned ,' Stair Erc. 2429 . fó troimnell teineadh, AFM vi 1964.24 . Cf. tromnélghal dorcha dubhcíach, CCath. 470 . ¤neiméle great pity, lamentation, sorrow: rogab truaighi ┐ tromneimeile iat, ZCP vi 277.18 . hic toirrsi ┐ hic tromneimeile co madain , Stair Erc. 1270 . dfaghail bháis ... do thromnemhele, AFM v 1584.6 . ¤níth severe conflict: ar trommníthaib | i críchaib ilib echtrannaib, TBC-LL¹ 3537 . ¤shnechta heavy snow: snigis t. ... for Ultaib, MU² 306 . ¤tharr great belly: ere nōnbair 'na tromthairr, Sc.M² 22c . ¤theine mighty fire: for srothaib ... trom-thened, PH 8148 . teach Cletig 'na tromthenid, RC xxiii 418.20 . tarmgal na troimtheinedh, ZCP viii 212 § 60 . ¤ thét bass string: cruit gan troimteit 'a harp without a bass string', Éigse xi 171 ​. ainm don tromthét 'a name for the bass string', RC xx 164 § 20 . na goloca isin chruit big, acas na tromtheada sin chruit moir, Manners and Customs iii 251 n. ¤thress heavy conflict: búiread tromthresa, BDD² 1062 . co Muir Torren na tromthress, Rawl. 76b6 . i n-imut ... troimthres, Lism. L. 3639 . ¤thúr (?) : fail mór do muirib moa múr | hIffirn co tuilib t., SR 906 . o ṡhunn báth Éssu mac Nún, | a toisech tolaib t., 5266 .

(b) With adjj. ¤debthach very quarrelsome: nochor'bo choimsech a cath, | ba toirsech, ba tromdebthach, SR 6092 . ¤drúchtach of heavy dew: fogomur tromdruchtach toirthech, ZCP xi 82 § 25 . ¤ḟóitech heavy-sodded: tochlait in talamh tromḟóidech, TBC-LL¹ 5513 . inn e in talam tromfoideach diultfas a fas?, CCath. 1021 . clár ... trom-ḟoideach na talmhan, ML 102.23 . fir (sic leg.) in talman tromfoidigh, ZCP vi 279.15 . ¤lethan heavy and broad: for taebaib tromlethna in talman, TTr. 1561 . Cf. torann tretnach | croithfes talam tromletnach, KMMisc. 158.142 . ¤mór heavy and great: torann t., Gorm. Mar. 18 . ¤rúad mighty and red: muir ṅdaiged tened tromruad, SR 910 . ¤thoimside: tricha traiged tromthomsidi inna claidiub ` amply measured ,' BDD 87.

(c) With vbs. ¤chotlaid sleeps heavily: fri trí tráth nír' throm-chotail, Metr. Dinds. iii 452.32 . ¤díbaigid destroys : is ē an rī sin ... do thromdībaigh Tūatha ... D.D., MU² p. 1 (Eg.). ¤gairid shouts loudly: cu ra thromgairset in slúag immon tech, 873 . ¤gonaid severely wounds: tromghonais Assal Lugaid isin comhrac, Cóir Anm. 200 . Cath Átha Seannaigh ... áit ar tromghonadh Aodh, Keat. iii 2352 . do tromghonadh goffraidh, AFM iii 362.3 . ¤loitid severely wounds: ro tromloited Oscur, Acall. 5711 . do throim-loit orchra íad-séin, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 14 § 1 . ? ¤thuinset: imtrén trómthuinset, LU 8712 ( FB 53 ).