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airgabthae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airgabthae or dil.ie/2000

 

Forms: aurgabtha

part. of ar-gaib. As subst.: nidat lia a mbi inait a mairbh ┐ a nergabtai prisoners , BB 490b43 = irgabaig, Alex. 296 . aurgabtha gl. temtum, BCr. 41a3 .

aithéirge

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aithéirge or dil.ie/2617

 

n (éirge) rising, getting up again: sinim mo lámh remom do athērgi, MacCongl. 121.38 . ni hait [h]eirghi no leiccti doiph acht no scartitis . . . a cinnu . . . dib, CCath. 5731 . ben ar n-aithéirgidh Eire `newly come to life', O'Gr. Cat. 354.19 . imthaircsi aithergi fa chosaib na curad, MR 316.17 . tuitid . . . can atharrach can atheirgi do, TTebe 4895 . tré mheidhe gach mairbh do bhíodh ag aitheirghe, Keat. i 202 z .

bidgad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bidgad or dil.ie/5869

 

Forms: bedgad, bidhgadh

n u, m. Also bedgad. vn. of bidgaid. IGT Verbs § 80. sudden quick movement, start, fright; act of starting, jumping: bidhgadh gl. pavementum (cf. paveo and pavio), Ir. Gl. 769. memaid bánbidgud bodba d'echraid C.C., MU² 253. ro chlisesdair a cride ri groidb. na genidhechta, LL 409b10 (= MR 232.11 ). bidhgadh mor do righ Temhrach . . . a thech Casca do thuitim fair, AU ii 110.7 . in b.¤ sin ┐ in t-aduath, CCath. 769 . in bidgadh do-rinne Eoin (=stupefieri), Smaointe B. Chr. 3259. do ghaib bioga leis an mbréithir sin í (Deirdre) `she made a start', IT ii2 151.6 . uair ní fhuairsiot bedhgadh ina mballaibh acht amhail batís mairbh `life', AFM vi 1918.13 . do bhíodhgadh súas = that thou stir up, 2 Timothy i 6. brosdadh, béodhadh, bruideadh, muscladh, cailgeadh, corrughudh, biodhgadh `to stir up', Eg. Gl. 69. an chéaddairt ag cur beadhgaidh, DDána 78.13 . In phr. benaid b.¤ as: dobhen sé biodhgadh barramhail boirbretha aisde he started it (the steed) off at a powerful pace, Ériu v 178.32 . a dtúis an gheimhridh bhíodhgtha bhraonaigh `the tearful winter that has so startled us', O'Gr. Cat. 596.20. bás bíodhgtha `violent death', O'Rah. 96.10.

díchairdech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díchairdech or dil.ie/16076

 

Forms: díochairdigh, dicairdech

adj o,ā (carae) friendless: sochraite na dochraite .i. . . . on fir dicairdech no degcairdech, O'Curry 436 ( H 3.18 236a ). dochraid .i. dichairdech, 2488 ( Eg. 88, 39 (40)d ). duine díochairdigh (g s.) (gl. dochraite), Triads p. 40 . an parailiseach do bhí choimh-díocháirdeach soin nach fuair . . . aoin-neach do chuirfeadh a lámh faoi, TSh. 4731 . na mairbh díocháirdeacha atá i bpurgadóir, 4726 . isin imad ndaer ndichairdech, Laws v 74 . Adv. fēch anois mē co dicairdech ar tabairt mo croicind uile uaim in my forlorn state, 3 B 22, 33b9 .

do-fíuschi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-fíuschi or dil.ie/17644
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: do-fíusci, díusc-, do-fusci, dúsc-, diusciu, dofiusca, dofúisci, do-fúsci, diuschi, dosfiusced, diusaig, dúsced, corodusce, nomdiusca, dúsci, arnachandusca, nimdersaigi, condid-diusgea, donfosca, n[d]ersaigter, dīuscad, nduscide, dosruisces, doriusaig, dersaig, condom-dersaig, dersaig, rodúsig, doníussaig, dofúsig, do-foisich, do-foisidh, rondúsaig, dofíussig, roduiscestair, roduisccedh, dofhuscēba, dofhuiscēba, rondūisgfe, dúscad

v (*dí-uss-sech-) In Mid.Ir. do-fíusci, díusc-. Also do-fusci, dúsc-. Indic. pres. 1 s. diusciu, LL 122b36 (rhet.). 3 s. dofiusca, ACL iii 297 § 46 . dofúisci, Arch. Hib. iv 206.23 . do-fúsci, IT i 126.23 (LU). ní diuschi , Sg. 6b27 . Impf. 3 s. dosfiusced, Trip. 408.6 = Hy. vi 34 (dosfiuscad, v.l.). Ipv. 2 s. nachan diusaig , Rawl. B 512, 116c7 . 3 s. dúsced, PH 5826 . Subj. pres. 2 s. corodusce, LU 9225 . nomdiusca, TBC-I¹ 634 . rod dúsci (as ipv.), LU 3593 . arnachandusca, Hib. Min. 78.23 . (With RO) nimdersaigi, TBC-I¹ 634 . 3 s. condid-diusgea, Wb. 4a6 . donfosca, Hy. vi 5 (but see do-foscai). Pass. día n[d]ersaigter , BDD² 1080 . Impf. 3 s. nāch dīuscad (dusced, LU), TBC-I¹ 638 . Pass. ara nduscide , LU 3291 . Pret. and perf. 1 s. dosruisces, TBC-I¹ 3474 . 3 s. doriusaig, BDD 101 , IT ii2 103.36 . ro dersaig (dedersaich, dodersaig, v.ll.), Corm. Y 883 . condom-dersaig, SG 318.26 . ní dersaig , IT i 126.20 . rodúsig, 74.11 . doníussaig, Trip.² 2762 . dofúsig (do-foisich, do-foisidh, v.ll.), Imr. Brain § 2 . rondúsaig, SR 6690 . dofíussig, TBFr. 117 . roduiscestair, RC x 70.12 . Pass. 3 s. roduisccedh , CIH vi 2218.11 . Fut. 2 s. dofhuscēba, TTr.² 99 . 3 s. rel. dofhuiscēba, RC x 92.12 . rondūisgfe, ZCP viii 207.5 . Vn. dúscad.

Wakes.

I Intrans. dofúsci A. tráth teirt, LU 10758 (TE). ní dersaig co trath teirt ara bárach, 10755 . doriusaig iarom assa chotlud ┐ atraracht, BDD 101a . ní laimti-seom dīuscad, co ndūisced a ēnur till he should awake of his own accord, TBC-I¹ 426 . rodúsig in gilla iarsin assa chotlud, RC viii 58.1 . amal rodúiscset som bá ina curach bátar, ix 492 . dofíussig assint shúan, TBFr. 117 . diusces (dúisces, diuchtrais, v.l.) Poimp asa codlud, CCath. 1469 . dūscid Conall asa nēl, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 38.7 . do dhúiscestar Tadg, SG 321.15 . rodhuisigh for shomenmain he awakened in good spirits, Ériu iii 158.3 . dúscid Medb ┐ dúscis (trans.) Ailill ┐ adfét dó in fís, TFerbe 378 . Of the pulse starts: dodhúisigh in pulsa go laidir a gcedoir, 3 C 19, 81 vb 12 .

II Trans.

(a) dosuisceosom a ngol their weeping wakes him, TBC-I¹ 442 . nīmdersaigi fri ūathad, nomdīusca fri sochaidi do not awake me for one; awake me for a number, 634 . dochuaid arsin co rodúsig in ríg, IT i 74.11 . atracht mocrach arnabarach ┐ doriusaig a coimmilidiu, ii2 103.36 . ? rod dúsci suan (ro dúsci, v.l.) rouse up sleep (i.e. from sleep), LU 3593 ( SCC § 30 , see note). Cf. ro dusig suan, 3612 (ib.). huasal trínóit donfosca may the Holy Trinity awaken us, Hy. vi 5 . ní dúiscenn ní asa codlad iad, RC xxiv 380.2 . condomdersaig as mo ches erchor meic Ch., SG 318.20 . dofusich an téicsinea as a cotlud (sic leg.), O'Gr. Cat. 94.15 . in tí is frithairech, dúsced in cotultach, PH 5826 . bess bidh he dofhuisceba as bar cotlud, RC x 92.12 . intan bad santachu leis cotlud comad and noduiscithea he, YBL 191b11 .

(b) starts (game or prey): duísgit na gadhair míl, Cóir Anm. 214 . rodhúiscetur in cullach, Fianaig. 64.11 . duisgathar leo cairfhiadh cosluath, Gadelica 279.38 .

(c) resuscitates, calls up (the dead or evil spirits. More commonly do-díuschi in this sense): dofúisci a bas . . . in moirseser marbh, Arch. Hib. iv 206.23 . mairb dosfiusced (dosfiuscad, dosfuisced, MSS.), Hy. ii 34 . dosfuisigh iat a bbás, Lism. L. 100 . Glass mac Caiss . . . is é rodersaig (dodersaig, Laud) Patraic . . . iarna guin, Corm. Y 883 . ho rodiusaidh P. Eochaig ó bás, ACL iii 24.23 (cf. Trip.² 2084 ff .). an rodūsaig do marbaib . . is mó mīlib, 303 § 11 . mairbh a talmain nodhuscebad, RC xiii 6.8 . dūscid féin dó an fert[h]igis, BColm. 74.8 . noco chretiubsa . . . do Dia . . . nó coro dusce C. damsa, LU 9225 . tu rondúsaig na marbu, PH 1357 . ro-dusig demnu tria druidecht, 2198 . duiscebaid in coimdiu fáid . . . amal Moysi duib, 2267 . acht go ndúisgfinn é ann sa lá deigheanach, John vi 39 .

(d) arouses, excites (of anger or other emotions), calls into being: níta cumacc do cháingním condiddiusgea in spirut nóib, Wb. 4a6 . (of the letter `h') ní diuschi fogur amal consana, Sg. 6b27 . roduisccedh fuil fora gruaidhi 'blood has been aroused onto his cheeks', CIH vi 2218.11 , Cáin Ónae 42 . dofhuscéba Grécu `thou wilt arouse' (i.e. to war), TTr.² 99 . cidh dia ṅdúsci i n-ar n-agaid in fer noem, PH 783 . bail a ṅduiseochar hi t'agaid . . . cech ni, 7819 . co nduiscend se ferg Dia, 7720 . dofiusca ar fe[i]rg fichdai friu excites our fierce anger against them, ACL iii 297 § 46 . diusigsiu iarum fich feirgi . . . iter mo macaib-sea, TTebe 174 . o Baibiloin duscaid drend, Lec. 369a42 . nech diuscai debuith dia brathair, 3 B 23, 24b1 . samhail dá ghnúis do dhúisceadh díoghrais, Keat. Poems 879 . ná dúisigh feasta ár bfala, O'Gr. Cat. 534 . dúsgaidh foilmhe fuath gcarad poverty awakens the hatred of friends, 532.2 . dúiscter lesin sraedaigh sin an brigh ainmidhe, 181.22 . an té do dúisigh an ealadha . . . (= qui suscitavit scientiam), 250.6 . dementiam excitat .i. duisgidh saobhadh céille, 22 K 42, 250.2 . in saothur . . . dhuisges an teas nádurdha, 23 A 14, 124.13 .

écaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. écaid or dil.ie/19361

 

v ā dies: co ro ecc do gaeibh cro na gona sin, Leb. Gab.(i) i 226 . dá epscop...ro éccsat i n-aonoidhche i nDísirt Diarmada, AFM 842 . éagaid, TSh. 9529 . éagais san tráth soin, Keat. iii 3254 . do éagadar dias eile, ii 1437 . gur eugastair ann, i 1462 . gur éagaibh Mac Con de sin, ii 4468 . cuimhnighidh gur éagsad an dream dar chnámha na taise se, TSh. 291 . ar son gach mairbh dá n-éagadh uatha, 5020 .

éccosc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. éccosc or dil.ie/19455

 

Forms: ecoisce, hæcosc, hecosc

n o, u ; n., later m. ; the form ecoisce, BB 262a54 ( IT iii 195 § 36 ), if not a scribal error may be g p.

(a) external characteristics, distinguishing mark, sign by which a person (thing) is known for what he (it) is : conróbad écoscc a cheneóil foir the mark of his nation (i.e. circumcision) Wb. 6d6 . is hecen sainecoscc leosom for accrannaib inna ní prechite pacem (gl. quam speciosi pedes evangelizantium pacem) 5a5 . ecosc n-abstal forib, 24a25 . basa iudide ó écosc...nipsa iudide ó béssaib, 10d34 , 35 . cometecht dia n-écoscaib cen chometecht dia mbésib indulgence of their external customs but not of their morals 11c5 . is e in n-écosc .i. cride imthoimnech co ngoirtius nemnech co ndéraib troma, etc. (indications of repentance) PH 6442 . ba berrad mogadh (.i. ecosc) bai fair-seom, ACL iii 12 . Cf. cach lasa mbiat fethla .i. ecusc no comartha, O'Dav. 899 , cf. (f) below.

(b) kind, species : sainécosc noe (gl. celox, species est navis) Sg. 69a24 . an uair rachair d'innsaighi in othair... féch ar tús créd é in t-écosc .i. in ben nó in fer é (i.e. sex) O'Gr. Cat. 232.26 .

(c) in general, appearance, aspect : oft. in combination with delb, cruth, and nearly synonymous, though strictly used in a wider sense, including dress, etc., as well as person ; snuadh .i. ecosc no sainfeth, O'Dav. 1417 . ba hed ecosc na n-erc...i bae findae aúdergæ, Corm. Y 585 . dorīmi a ēugosg feib rombōi a lī, 698 ( p. 59.22 ). a crúth, a écosc, a chongraim, FB 44 . tucsatar tuaruscabail na hingene do etir chruth ┐ delb ┐ écuscc, IT i 119.9 . Moling 11 . ar chaine a dealbha ┐ ar ingantus a ecoisce (ecoisc v.l.), IT iii 195 § 36 . isin deilb ┐ isin ecosc in rochesair (in ea forma habituque) Lat. Lives 97 . for moladh crotha ┐ datha ┐ delbe ┐ eccoscca in clerigh, Moling 41 . rogab eccoscc doidheilbh fair, § 52 . tánic Alaxander i fíadhnaisi na hingine do thaiselbadh a crotha ┐ a écosca, a eirraid ┐ étaig, TTr.² 493 . ba docraid a ecosc il-leth a broitt (deformis esse et truncatus habitus videretur, of St. Martin who had given away half of his cloak) Lat. Lives 88 . boi menma fherrda i n-écosc banda aicce (of mother of the Maccabees) PH 6613 . gnūisi bāna co n-ecusc dhuine mairbh acu, RC xxviii 318 § 36 . gillae ecuisc anindustae, Corm. Y 1059 s.v. Prull . fer écosca ingnaid a strange-looking man LL 289a33 . teora hialla go ro-examlacht ecaisc (of bird flocks red, white and black) TBC-LL¹ 5632 St. dolluid fond ecosc sin, FB 92 . isind ecosc cetna PH 1546 . dealradh na diadachta i ndreich ┐ i n-eccoscc in chleirigh, BNnÉ 275.4 . a hégosg ní fhidir mé | ní théd súil silleadh uirrthi, Studies 1922, 247 . ecosc namat ridicule of (a person's) appearance (a punishable kind of satire) Laws v 228.27 (with gl.: namuitt um a ecosc .i. `ni sūil,' `ni srub', 232.8 ; cf. O'Dav. 1297 ). Of places, etc.: ecosc ṅ-áimin...tegdassa adchondarc-sa, Thes. ii 292.22 . ecosc na loch crotha gradhuill n-aluind, Anecd. i 51.1 . ba hedh a hécosc na hindsi, tir mblaith mbuidhech, 70.7 . ed a écosc in taige, LL 248b38 = ZCP iv 24z . Cf. cit. fr. Ériu viii 135 below. a phuirt is iongnadh th' éagcosg (to a castle), Ir. Monthly 1920, 539 . rob é airdmes...a n-eices ...ar écosc in armuige sin what they judged from the appearance of that slaughter MR 240 . By extension goodly appearance: (ben) co ndeilb ┐ écosc ┐ soerchenel of fair form and presence SCC 42 .

(d) garb, attire: triar cruittire con-écosc ríg im cech n-æ, LL 248b5 ( ZCP iv 33.22 ). coica ban... co n-ecosc ban síde impu, 250b45 ( ZCP iv 42.5 ). ica freasdul la Magnus do bhiudh ┐ deoch ┐ edgud nó ecasc ( livery ?) Marco P. 122 .

(e) in a looser sense form, manner, guise . eccosg .i. cuma, O'Cl. muadh .i. égcosg dealbh, no cuma, ib. muad .i. egusc, Corm. Y 958 . co ructha a breth chōir for cāch...i n-écosc co n-uamun ┐ co n-imecla in choimded `in a manner suited to' PH 4154 . fo ecusc athgabala by way of distress Laws i 192.29 Comm. ara feiser fer recht[g]a i n-ecosc dilsi `that thou mayst know when a lawful man is in the person (i.e. the legal position) of an outlaw' iii 136.1 .

(f) various occasional uses— Argument, summary (indication of what follows): hæcosc (gl. argumentum) Wb. 27d17 . Figure of speech: hond ecosc [c]omarleicthiu by a permitted figure (gl. schemate) Ml. 20b14 . Equipment, accessories, ornament (?): see (d) above and cf. further: fethal conduala .i....eccusc comduala, O'Dav. 992 , quoting Laws v 384.24 : ni conai fethal connduala what keeps the ornamented relic (i.e. the case or covering) with gl.: ni coimedas ecosc dala coin, 386.10 . feuthal .i. eugasg, Corm. Y 669 . fethal .i. ecosc ut est sceith co fethal condual la cach n-ae H 3.18, 616a (glossary to TBFr. , cf. ZCP iv 33.20 , and see fethal). Cf. O'Dav. 899 cited above. rogha iomdhaigh a nEamhain M. cona hégoscc orrdha fuirre `the apartment of your choice...with gilt facing' (gilded aspect, splendour ?) Ériu viii 135.8 . In follg. ex. hecosc may stand for thecosc: luid tria hecosc ┐ druidecht a ṡenathar do Themuir through the instructions ZCP viii 311.18 .

In fuil écosc fir agat, a ingen ? nimtha. an ail feis lem ? ar C. are you married ? ZCP xii 252.15 .

Cf. emenina .i. bannda no banecusgda no bangnimach, Auraic. 3091 .

1 fo, fa, fá

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fo, fa, fá or dil.ie/22333
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: fo, fó, fu, fa, ba, bá, ba, fá, fao, faoi, fa, ba, fa, fa, faoi, fua, foa, fo, fó, f, fo, fó, fá, fon(d), fón, fónd, foind, fóa, fun, fan, fona, fosnaib, foum, fóm, fúm, fúm, fóm, fout, fūd, fút, —d, fót, —d, fád, fo, foa, fua, foí, fóe, foei, fáe, fou, foú, fó, foa, fáe, foe, fai, fua, fáe, faoi, fa, faoi, faoi, foí, fúe, fóe, foithi, fóthi, foithe, fuithe, fúithe, fáoithi, fúithe, fóithe, faoithe, fúinn, fōin, fōind, fúnn, fúinn, fóinn, faoinn, fuibhsi, faoibh, fúibh, fóibh, faoibh, fóthu, fúthu, fūthu, fōthu, fōtha, fūtha, fútha, fóthib, fōthib, fóthib, foíthib, foithib, fūthaibh, fuithibh, —uí—, fúthaibh, fúthuibh, faoithibh, fóm, fom, bám, fám, fot, fót, fád, foa, fóa, fána, fo, fo, fóar, fo, fánar, fo, foa, fona, fana, fána, foum, f., Fo-

(leniting) prep. with acc. and dat. Forms : fo Wb. 5b3 . 9c31 . Ml. 14d4 . 27d7 . 28c12 . Sg. 140a4 . 153b6 . Acr. 8b1 . BCr. 31c5 . SR 1596 . LU 1928 . 2970 . 4764 . 6615 . LB 67b14 . 171b16 . 201a20 . fó, LU 3806 . 6498 . 6899 . 10792 . 10779 . LB 54a50 . 244b25 . fu, Ml. 63b4 . 67c2 . 77b11 . 94a2 . BCr. 18d2 . fa, LL 177b45 . LB 41b53 . 162b16 . 165b10 . ba, bá, 243a36 . ba, Maund. 237 . fá, LU 9132 . (cf. secht cneslénti [sic leg.] ... bítís bá thétaib ... hi cústul fri gelcnes dó LU 6413 ). fao, Fl. Earls 70.30 . faoi, RSClára 6a . fa (fá, ba) is frequent in Mid. Ir. and is the regular form in Early Mod Ir. (fáoi, fa fhior sin, IGT, Introd. § 73 . ata m'ḟalluing ... fa ḟior o beith faoi IGT, 24 P 8, 190 ), see exx. below. With nasal. rel. part.: fua, Ml. 35a9 ; b16 . 38c3 . 45a3 . Fél. Prol. 86 (fa v.l.). foa, Ml. 59d7 . Marco P. 16 . fo, Ml. 35b18 . Marco P. 136 . fó (ro) 18 . f, TSh. 7542 . Mid. Ir. fo, fó, fá. With art. fon(d), Ml. 35a9 . 53b9 . 36b16 . Sg. 14b1 . 73b3 . Fél. Oct. 15 . LU 3100 . 8461 . fón, LU 1508 . 1797 . 8214 . MacCongl. 103.3 . fónd, LU 6092 . LL 71b1 . foind, LU 6099 . fóa n— (neut.) 8240 . fun, Ml. 65c9 . fan IGT, 24 P 8, 190 . Ó Héodhusa 68 . pl. fona. Incorrectly fosnaib, LL 63bx ( TBC-LL¹ 1020 ).

With pron. suff.: 1 sg. foum (gl. íssum) Hy vi 4 Comm. fóm, LL 82b30 . fúm, ACL iii 236 § 6 . TSh. 4226 . fúm, fóm IGT, 24 P 8, 193 .

2 sg. fout, SR 1734 (monos.). fót, 835 . LU 2815 . fūd ZCP vi 283.21 . fút, —d; fót, —d IGT, 24 P 8, 193 . fád TD 10.20 .

3 s. m. n., acc. fo, Ml. 37a14 . foa, LU 8849 . fua, 8525 . foí, 2011 . fóo, TBC-I² 1283 . fóu, Trip. 130.6 . LB 191b58 (fói). fóe, LL 62b21 . 80a41 . foei LB 7b44 . fáe, Lat. Lives 46.10 . dat. (not distinguished in Mid. Ir.) fou, Ml. 38c3 . 64a10 . 98c10 . Bodl. Dinds. s.v. prull (foe Y). foú, Ml. 35b16 . fó, LU 1483 ( foo, 5620 is possibly acc. pl.). Trip. 222.6 . foa (fóu E) 240.14 . fáe, CCath. 1214 . foe, MacCongl. 89.15 . fai, Lism. L. 1666 . fua, LU 6424 . TBC-LL¹ 3378 . fáe (sin), CCath. 1477 . faoi, IGT, Introd. § 73 . ata m'ḟalluing ... fa ḟior o beith faoi , IGT 24 P 8, 190 . faoi, Ó Héodhusa 68 .

3 s. f. foí, LU 6214 . ? fúe, 7121 ( BDD 80 ). fóe (diss.), Imr. Brain § 6 (ref. to inis). foithi, Trip. 8.10 . Marco P. 16 . Lism. L. 50 . fóthi, LL 59.49 ; 267b27 . foithe, MacCongl. 122.32 . Lism. L. 2220 . fuithe, Acall. 2756 . fúithe, TSh. 1679 . fáoithi, IGT, Decl. ex. 432 . fúithe, fóithe, faoithe IGT, 24 P 8, 193 .

1 pl. found TBC-I¹ 3578 . fúinn, Maund. 157 . TSh. 8033 . fōin, fōind, ACL iii 235 § 28 (: ōir). 237 § 23 (cōir). fúnn, fúinn, fóinn, faoinn IGT, 24 P 8, 193 .

2 pl. fuibhsi, Acall. 2173 . faoibh, Studies 1921, 74 . Luc. Fid. 366.6 . fúibh, fóibh, faoibh IGT, 24 P 8, 193 .

3 pl. acc. fou, Ml. 42 b 7 . fóthu, LL 63b21 . 85a24 . fúthu, Fianaig. 94.17 . fūthu, CCath. 2445 (as dat. 1889 ). fōthu (as dat.) 3032 . 3189 . 4718 . fōtha, 4834 . 5208 . fūtha (as dat.) Maund. 157 . fútha, TSh. 1164 . dat. fóthib, LU 1889 . LL 95b43 . fōthib (as acc.) 62b33 . fóthib, 222a23 ( TTr. 363 ). foíthib (as acc.) LU 6166 . ? foithib (: soithib), Metr. Dinds. iv 86.76 . fūthaibh (as acc.) Marco P. 91 . fuithibh (—uí—?) 100 . fúthaibh, TSh. 2270 (as acc. 2374 ). fúthuibh, faoithibh IGT, 24 P 8, 193 .

With poss. 1 sg. fóm, LL 113b28 . LB 161bx . fom, LB 6a19 . 191a9 . bám, 179a42 . fám, FDG 287 . TSh. 2145 . 2 sg. fot, LL 259b24 ; 32 . fót, LU 3903 . 6090 . LL 259b36 . fád, TSh. 7867 , - 74 . 3 s. foa, Wb. 32c13 . LU 10653 . 10661 . 10910 . fóa, 5596 . LB 192b29 . fána, Keat. ii 6299 . TSh. 1576 . 4216 . fo (axail) BDD 148 U (foo Y). fo (smacht) LB 178b54 .

1 pl. fóar, Wb. 9a1 . LB 172b3 . fo ar, LB 171b37 . fánar, TSh. 5591 (verse).

2 pl. fo bar, Wb. 23d11 .

3 pl. foa, LU 6781 . fona, BCC p. 396.23 . fana, FDG 409 . fána, TSh., 3067 .

I Of local relations.

(a) under, beneath: used more extensively than the corresponding Engl. prep., as the Irish idiom, in speaking of two things one above another prefers to say that B is under A rather than that A is over B: foum (gl. íssum) Hy vi 4 Comm. bieit a namait fo a chosaib som under his feet Wb. 32c13 . a tabairt fu chossa `their being put under foot' Ml. 67c2 . lecca derca fo chossaib, LU 2424 . asin tiprait boí fón drochat, 1797 . co n-accatar fón muir fóthib annís dúine, 1889 . gabais in mnaí foa lethoxail took the woman under his arm 10910 . atnaig C. foí thrusts him under it 5233 . da lurgain lomchaela fae, Thr. Ir. Gl. 36 (Corm. s.v. prull). do chuir a lámh chlé faoi chum éirghe dó, Comp. CC 81.10 . léigcitt a nglūine fútha they kneel down Maund. 77 . gabais ... a chois foí, LU 1503 (`took him by the leg' MU 51 ). co mmema do fergara fót 6099 . ro thescsat a leth-iscait ... foei, PH 554 . mani má in talam fúe, BDD 80 . mana maidi in talam found, TBC-I¹ 3578 . in cloch no geissed fo chosaib cach ríg nogeibedh Hérinn, Dinds.. i § 13 = BB 350a18 . in tan ticedh ri Eirenn fuirre, do ghéised in lecc fái, Acall. 7999 . ro hecrait áine ┐ urluachair fóthu, TBC-LL¹ 998 . mairg cois isa bond fa mbris woe to the foot under whose sole it breaks ACL iii 237 § 21 . atá fó cach duma .l. fer, LU 2873 . a lec na righ ... fút atát cuirp na tri Tadg, Ériu ii 166.30 . líc ... foa n-adnaicthe na gennte, Marco P. 16 . in ail fó ro hadnachta a sin, 18 . fo Loch Echach, LU 2970 . fo dílind, Ériu iv 130.17 . docuaidh se fai an abhainn ... ┐ nir eirich se no gor baithed e, BCC § 149 . (cf. no thogfaind mo chlíu | ma úir, LU 9856 . ge fía dig fa húir, 9859 ). luid fo thalmain, Fél. May 20 . a chor fo thalmain to bury PH 664 . mar fhágbhaid fá úir é, TSh. 970 . droichet fo ngabhait longa under which ships pass Marco P. 136 . fo gréin (nim) under sun (heaven) i.e. alive; in the world: nisfil fo grein fairind ... basid feiliu, ACL iii 297z . gan coimmeas ris fon g. ... acht tusa he has no equal in the world but thee Duan. F. ii 324 § 25 . ní fil fo nim ní ... na dingned, LU 3911 ( SCC 42 ). teglach fo teglach ind ḟir | ni fil fo n., AU 894 . gan neach 'na n-aghoidh fo neimh no one in the world against them Duan. F. ii 164 § 35 . dona daoinibh fá neamh, TSh. 2088 (= sub caelo ... hominibus Actus iv 12 ). Esp. in sense of carrying, supporting: droichet ..., xxx. uaithne fulaing fai, Marco P. 97 . beir let licc ... fot suidi, SR 1593 . is amlaid ... atá in rígsudi ... co cethri colomnaib foi, LU 2006 ( FA 7 ). cen fúndamit fái PH 7816 . tū ag folang fóin supporting us beneath ACL iii 235.28 . ech ... foa suidiu, LU 10661 . tri eich derga foa suidib, BDD 30 (foithib, Eg. fosuidib DE). gerrán Patraic foa (fóu, Eg.) P.'s nag was carrying it (of a load) Trip. 240.14 . na dá ech filet fón charput, LU 8590 . secht carpait ... ┐ ceithri heich dēc fūithibh, ZCP vii 300.12 . fuaim nechraide fó ríg the sound of steeds under a king's chariot BDD 50 . fuaim carbaid fo rígh, BNnÉ 183.11 . in carpat fil fónd ócláig, TBC-LL¹ 1815 . carbad ... bhias faoi ... rothadha fan charbad, Ó Héodhusa 68 . in sdét robúi fae Sir G. ZCP vi 56.32 . ber mul ... fud `have under thee a ... mule' 283.21 . confacatar in fer mbecc ... ┐ luingin creduma foi in a skiff of bronze RC vi 183.4 . in cholcid boí foí the bed he was on LU 10478 . nirbo gnáth in corthe út fo enaib that pillar was not wont to have birds on it LL 121b34 ( RC iii 181 ). ech ... ina laige fo eri, PH 5846 . baile a laighfedh an damh fon ccarpat, BNnÉ 32.1 . arna loscedsi ... in fer nobiad fóthi that it should not burn the man who carried it (of a magic spear) MU² 741 ( LL 267b27 ). tuc gobal ... fo a cinnu stuck their heads on a fork Dinds. 144 . do rad C. a carpat fo leabhraibh Beraich loaded his chariot with B.'s books BNnÉ 31 y . asail berar fa lointibh la gach n-aen `asses laden with provisions are taken' Marco P. 20 . mac in chruittiri fón cruit, Ériu ix 49 § 30 . fer fo bhíudh ... aroile fo lionn, Hugh Roe² 11.26 (f. 6b) . focheirded id n-óir immi | nád bāded fairge foa that the sea might not drown him while he wore it Metr. Dinds. iii 104.23 . éicne ... is é fuillechta fo mil dressed with honey TBFr. § 23 . cuiridh fo shalann é pickle it BNnÉ 74.8 . tuirtín fá luaith (= subcinericium panem) TSh. 4926 . do chorpán fo chrú covered with gore ML 110.13 ( ML² 1455 ). cona brugaib fo blāth flowering meadows SR 379 . boí [Mag Breg] fó a lí ┐ fó bláth cach datha LU 10792 . finemhain fo torud, ZCP v 24 § 2 . gort nach bi fa barr that bears no crops ACL iii 236 § 5 . clúana ... fá sgingbheirt reóidh `meadows wrapped in a cloak of ice' Ó Heódhusa, Studies 1921, 419 . dolluid in curach fo séol trena mocoll under sail LU 1928 . laoidheang fa lán seóil under full sail TD 20.30 . do bhí an domhan fa dhall chiach 7.33 . cotlud dó fón sāith sin, LU 3451 ( SCC 23 ). in ghein fil fat bruindi in thy womb RC vi 175.55 . i taig fó glas, LU 4764 . fuaratar in carcair fon iadhad doratsat forri, PH 3696 . in carcair do beth fon ṅdúnad cetna, 3698 . Cf. a mbeit[h] i mbuaile fo iadhu an oidhche (of cows), Laws iv 96.24 . corbo ecen clar fo dlutad uasu, BB 390b1 . bheith geimhlighthe fá ghéibheann ghrás nDé, TSh. 2201 . docuaid C. fana corp fen san aiér in his own body BCC § 149 . an tan ... nach féadann ... an biadh ... do chongbháil fána chlí cannot retain his food TSh. 1575 . comēt dam mo chride ... ni raib miscais foë let there be no hatred in it ZCP vi 259 § 6 . dosrat fo chlaidiub put them to the sword SR 4148 . ce atagtha fo claideb, Ériu ii 122.21 . dochuaidh Pol fo cloidhem BB 10a3 ( MacCarthy 284 ). luidh fo lannaib fell by blades BB 50b29 ( MacCarthy 422 ). tair fón claideb come under the sword (in token of submission) LU 9659 ( ZCP iii 212 ). cárna samaisci do indarggain fo thál ┐ béuil, TBFr. § 19 . Often loosely used to denote an inferior position: tobert C. a lue ... co mboí a n-imdorus isin tenlug fó, LU 1483 ( MU² 964 , `the door fell down before him' MU 51 ). suidid fo glún Conchobair (i.e. at C.'s feet ?) LU 5206 . ro slecht fo chossaib Mártain at M.'s feet RC ii 400.16 . PH 1335 . tarrustar ... fo chossa G., 1372 . fo chosaib Gamaliél ... ro alt [Pól], 1649 . co mbí fo chrund bethad, LU 1356 . bud iomdha ... mairbh fa ríoghnaibh roisgḟliucha `many will be the wet-eyed queens over their dead' TD 16.71 . do-chuaidh Ionas ... fá chrann, TSh. 2477 . an tan bhíos ... fá láimh chlí Dé on God's left hand 9891 . angcaire ... do léigean fúthaibh, 2374 . fo choimm: see 1 coim. fo chomair: see comair.

(b) of direction towards, into, through: a naslui grién foa fuined `when the sun goes away to its setting' BCr. 33b18 . doluid fon caillid (= ad silvam) Lat. Lives 85 ( dochuaid isin caill, Hy v 61 Comm. ). gur ling an t-each uaidh fán gcoill, TSh. 1001 . ralotar fón fid, CRR 37 . nach tan nosbert eolchaire fo rian roglass whenever homesickness brought them on the sea Anecd. i 69.1 . amair raga sa ... asan curach fo thir RC xiv 60.24 . docuaidh ... roime fon tír, ZCP vi 51.9 . dochuiremar an long fo tír isin oilén, BNnÉ 49.35 . tunda fina do cur fo tir cast on shore Ann. Conn. 1310 § 10 . dús in táir cobair Ulad foo, LU 5620 . buailis fá lár a chorp to the ground TSh. 5586 . ro léig fo lár a ḟoghuil ... ┐ ro an acumsa `abandoned' Fianaig. 76.8 . Cf. roínfid fuil féne fo don, LU 6615 . teiched ... fo fhoithrib, Marco P. 55 . do theich fo sliabh C., CCC 79.1 . ni lamhann drochspirat techt fa tech i mbí, Maund. 15 (c ?). teid fan ceol in the direction of the music ZCP v 501 (cf. II j). tolotatar fon fes came to the feast RC xiii 223.50 . cromait ... fan cath bend to the (i.e. engage in) battle ZCP viii 224 . Cf. cuir aris fao cluasa do chroidhi da eisteacht = ad iterum audiendum aures cordis accommoda Instructio 119.28 . tigid fád lorg = sub tua vestigia TSh. 7867 . Cf. celebrait ... na ocht trath oc molad ... in Coimded co claischétol aircaingel oc tíachtain foí (the birds) sing the hours in praise of the Lord with the quire of the archangels accompanying it LU 2011 ( FA 7 ). do-beir láim fo undertakes, attempts (see lám).

(c) esp. of impact, collision, attack: benaid foo LU 4874 . benaid fona maccu, 4885 . buain fútha meddling with them (?) Ériu v 71.6 . (see benaid, búain). tarlaic urchur fuithib, RC v 199.11 (see do-léci). ac tabairt sádaid do crann a tsleigi fuithe, Acall. 2756 . buailtear an long fá charraig against a rock TSh. 3759 . do-bheir craos-ruathar ... fútha makes a hungry onslaught on them 1164 . téit (imm-soí, etc.) f. turns on, attacks: cobair cethra foa tiagat coin alltai helping cattle attacked by wolves Ériu ii 210.2 . teit [in béist] fo thrédu Gargan ┐ ro marb dímór dib, PH 7227 . amail teit ség fa mindtu, MR 70.16 = FDG 627 . do chu[a]idh fúthu ┐ tríthu, Fianaig. 94.17 . ná deach faoibh fréamh ar ndoibheart ` assail ' Eoghan R. Mhac an Bhaird, Studies 1921, 74 . imsoí foíthib ┐ marbthus íat, LU 6166 . imsói fothu, Metr. Dinds. iii 258.29 . maitti a ndírím fó araill, LU 6667 (`their forces rush at each other' Faraday, Faraday, 96 ). no co roicher (ndeachar v.l.) fo longphort fer nÉ., CCC 94.16 . eirgidh fo palas in rígh `attack' Fier. 131 . amhail choin ... do sgaoilfidhe fá shluaghaibh, TSh. 3122 . ionsoighidh foithib ... amhuil faolcoin fo chaorchaib, Hugh Roe 226.9 (f. 60a) . lingid ... fótha dá n-óirleach, Keat. i 204.31 . co ngreis a choin fona clerchiu, Lism. L. 276 . lecidh in rí na griba futhaibh, Marco P. 91 . lór do chur cháich fa chéile enough to set all at variance TD 6.2 .

(d) throughout, over, gen. of motion: ducuaid inducbal cruche Crist fun domun, Ml. 65c9 . fon domun for cech leth (gl. longe lateque) 53b9 . seinter lat ... cornn ... | co roa a glōir fo secht nime, SR 1368 . teid ... do iarraid a legis fon doman, RC xii 326.22 . ro closs fon ṁbith, Fél. Oct. 15 . dorónad coindmed na filed ... fo Érind, LU 360 . rocluinter ... a nggáir fón firmimint, 2199 . forodalta Conaille fo hÉrinn, ZCP viii 330.29 . roscuir ... a munter ... fon Eoraip sent his people all over Europe PH 267 . rosfuid Dia Michel fo na secht nimib, MacCarthy 68.9 ( LB 112bx ). co clos fona crichaib comfoicsibh, CCath. 1428 . fodlaidh baill an maic ... fo naemaib hErenn distributes the limbs ... amongst the saints BColm. 92.13 . co clos fosnaib tuathaib uili, TBC-LL¹ 1020 . scél scáilter fa chách amongst all CRR 54 . a clú ica irrdercugud fo cech popol, CCath. 333 . do bhrúcht Loch Con fa thír over the land Keat. i p. 162 . In : do himdergadh go mōr fa ghnúis ... na hingine a deep blush came over Ériu v 84.14 , fa replaces imm ; cf. ro himdergad imon ceand, RC xxiv 64 § 26 , and see (f) below. Cf. amal arrograd descad fo bairgin, Wb. 9b13 . laibhín ... faoi leaven mixed with it TSh. 8982 . foillech di menadaich fa bargen, Ériu vii 140.15 (` leg. for,' Ed.).

(e) on: .lll. mac fo chathaírib airgdidib, BDD 105 Y. Cf. faidhit din claraigh uasa mbarcuibh ... ni chuirid pic forro, acht ola ┐ cailc ┐ cnaib do mhingerred tritha, ┐ a cur fuithib (`with this they pay their ships'), Marco P. 145 .

(f) about, around (contamination of IMM , see also II l et seq. below): sciathrach scéith do gabáil fó brágit round his neck CRR 17 . gab craidhi spideoigi ... ┐ cuir fa braigid an ti ... take a robin's heart and hang it round the neck of ..., Rosa Angl. 234.7 . do cuiretar coroin fa chenn, Maund. 16 . craicind ... leoman ba cathbar[r] ma [fo, Eg.] cendaib on their heads TTebe 2672 . slabhra ... fána chom, Keat. ii 6299 (= moa bragit, Rawl. 81a15 . ima b., YBL 127a25 ). do gabh crios fa a colainn, ZCP i 62 § 45 . an bhfuil sróll ... fána chneas?, TSh. 4216 . fá bhrághaid, 7549 . duine fá mbíd an dá ghéibheann úd, 7542 . coróin fána cheann, 40 . fa (um, v.l.) dhruim píasda | filltir slíasda flatha Fáil, IGT, Decl. ex. 1226 . Hence hard by, near (?): ro marbsad lucht dā eathar fan Suca, RC xviii 188.32 (Tig.). Cf. dodechad ... dot chursu fan lind, TBC-LL¹ 3420 = mon lind, TBC-I¹ 2628 , where under is possibly the meaning. maidm ... do tabairt do Ch. fo Beol Atha S. for Conallchaib, Ann. Conn. 1359 § 3 (= oc Áth S., FM).

II Of fig. and abstract relations,

(a) under ; dofucfa ... na mbia fo menmain a chéli cena falsigud o briathraib, LU 2665 . Cf ailithre idan ... ticc co menicc fo menmain, ACL iii 321 § 1 . is messi ... dorat fó menmain Ailella do seircsiu put love of thee into A's heart LU 10779 (= for , Ériu xii 170. 15 ). Especially with words denoting appearance, state, condition, manner, attendant circumstances, classification : dath ... fo chosmailius saphirr like sapphire Ml. 84d4 . dolega ... fo chosmailius dilenn, 62b20 . conrotacht ... a tech ... fó chosmailius na Cráebrúadi, LU 8045 . fon óenchummi in one way Sg. 14b1 . is cuma nóblighthea bai ┐ eillti fon aenchumai cach dia ré linn, Cóir Anm. 26 . dotháet ass fón cumma sin, LU 6496 . fon cruth sa, 3539 ( SCC 29 ). atcessa iat ... fon cruth sin, LU 8770 ( FB 57 ). co n-ebairt fón n-innasa so that he spake thus LU 2317 (cf. sections g, j below). esergi in ciniuda dóennai fon n-innas sa, 2720 . fóa n-innas cetna in the same manner 8240 ( FB 18 ). LU 9095 ( FB 84 ). fon innas cétna, LU 8797 ( FB 60 ). fon n-innus sin, Marco P. 85 . nodslaid fón alt cétna beat him in the same way LU 3288 ( SCC 8 ). secht mbliadnai di fond alt sin in that condition LL 280a23 ( SG 415 ). a mbatar ... fon samail sin thus LU 3301 ( SCC 10 ). dorónad grianán ... fo chomardus imdaí Conchobair as high as LU 8062 ( FB 3 ). fo deilb diabuil in the form of a demon SR 1739 . slabrada ... fo deilb natrach, LU 2174 ( FA 25 ). imad ... lecc lógmar innte fo chuma grene ┐ ésca, LB 138b19 . fo feib, SR 375 . fo clith secretly 1281 . co mbatar blíadain fo chleith, Metr. Dinds. iii 390.79 . fo gné sub specie: fo gné bairgine, PH 5183 . fo bithphianaib, SR 1740 . fo déraib in tears Fél. Ep. 174 . Prol. 24 . sínset fo brón ... cosin crích `pursued their way in ... grief' Metr. Dinds. iii 390.73 . luid C. fo luinni úad in indignation LU 6021 . caland fa scīs a weary body ACL iii 237 § 26 . gan duine fo fhodord dibh `without one of them murmuring' BS 108 § 54 . siu nobeth fo athis rather than be disgraced LU 2932 . bía fónd anim sin thou shalt carry that blemish 6092 . bánbéim na fagaib feith fo saoth .i. fo tinnes, O'D. 826 ( H 3.17, 590 - 1 ). beth fa essanóir, PH 7387 . robúi B. fa anoir, ZCP vi 296.7 . cath ... ó a mbeid Gaoidhil fo mheabhoil, Duan. F. ii 160 . dolluid A. dochum a thíri fó chōri ┐ óentaid fri U., LU 1551 . scarsat ... fo ṡīdh ┐ chaenchomhrac, Marco P. 151. 156 . bheith ag luiṅgseóireacht arthraigh ... fá phioráideacht in piracy TSh. 2165 . bretnas ... cona ecor dé ór fo ṡnīm plaited Anecd. i 61 § 91 (= co mbrephnib óir LU 1809 ). fa áis na maighden `of the age' Maund. 253 . nech ... fu grad epscoip of the rank of a bishop Ériu vii 140.1 . fa marbhdataid ! mortifiyed RSClára 91a . dí laogh fona dathaibh uccat of those colors BNnÉ 10.27 . arrubert bith ann ... fo glēre lesaigt[h]i bíd ┐ cormae, BColm. 84.5 . níl an flaitheas so faoi ghluas acht moving Corp. Astron. 36.15 . eter comslechtaib na cethri sen find fichet fu aen fochanat in unison(?) Rawl. 106b29 (cf. Rev. iv 4 , 10 ). a lan do laechaib ... fa oengnim ┐ oengaisced fris fein equal in exploits ... to himself MR 80.11 = FDG 733 . da mbeth fuath duine ... am chride, ┐ bás d'fhagbail fái-sin cen aithrige were hatred of anyone in my heart, and I died thus, unrepentant PH 7488 (but this may belong to section j, q.v.). Cf. fo réim on a course (?) BDD 50 (sic leg.? Cf. dochuaid int en ... for foluamain fon reim sin, Aen. 1133 ). fo ogi oiffrinn `at completeness of offering' ACC 93 (= LU 994 ).

(b) of grammatical function, in Glosses (a particular application of preceding): is fo huath[ud] ... a n-institutae `institutae' is in the singular Ml. 42b12 . is ainm naimsire hisunt ... ciasu menciu fu dobrethir it is more frequent adverbially 67a4 . is fo infinit dutiagar ... á mmanifestare (the word) `manifestare' is construed as an infinitive 101c6 , 7 . cid fo gním cid fo chésath dotiagar actively ... passively Wb. 6a29 . is fo foxlaid dutiagtar `they are construed ablatively' Ml. 106c3 . fo diultad as a negative Laws iv 68.29 Comm. Corm. Y 407 . ni fú indidit ata `irascemini' sunt ... acht is for imchomarc ata `in affirmation ... in interrogation' Ml. 20b13 . fo neutur in the neuter Sg. 90b 5 , 6 .

(c) of meaning underlying: inni bess fon fogur sin the sense which is under that sound Wb. 12d5 . a folad foṡuidigther fond ṡun `the substance put under the word' Sg. 73b3 . fun trop són (gl. sub hac figure discribitur) Ml. 66a4 . muna cíall shiobhuil bhíos fúthaibh unless they are used with the sense of motion (of certain prepositions) IGT, Introd. § 72 . Cf. ni thuigim an fliuchadh sin, achd munab braiseach ... as mian leis do thuigsin faoí, Rule of Tallaght § 87 . briathar fá n-ab iontuigthe nach cóir, etc. from which we may infer Eochairsg. 9.20 .

(d) under, subject to: fun inuilligud (gl. sub tutione) Ml. 30b23 . fu Moysi under Moses (as ruler) 63b4 . dos-&mdot;béra fo chumachte in maicc, Wb. 13b30 . ni fó ar máam ataid, 9a1 . condumfel fo mám pectho, 3c38 . ni rabatar ... riam fo recht fetarlicce , Wb. 19d11 . bíd Sattan ... fót cumachtu, PH 3937 . biait fót ... airbri imdai archaṅgel, SR 835 . Pilait fua ro chés ar Fíada, Fél. Prol. 86 . ingreim na nIúdaide fó Antoich under (the reign of) A. PH 5499 . níor dúnadh dorus leasa | fa Bhéac `in the reign of B.' TD 32.39 . co mbet Cristaighi fa Idhalaib an uair sin mar attatt Idhail fútha-san aníu, Maund. 237 . úa na rígh ... bhios fo shiol na Saxanach, Duan. F. ii 166.42 . an lā ... dobēra cāch fuibh ┐ sibh os cāch, CCath. 5059 . do ocaib ... biti fo anmchairtes under spiritual direction Mon. Tall. § 71 . slechtais ... fo ogreir Maolruaoin prostrated himself in complete submission to M. (under the absolute will of) § 77 . fo míscaid bretheman brátha, LU 2289 ( FA 34 ). fo chis do Magnus fil si under tribute to M. Marco P. 3 . fo mhamus M. fuil si subject to M. 4 . na ... righ fil fo mamus Naim, 54 . cuiris M. faa smacht he, 99 . dorad iathu E. ... fo smacht flaithiusa Muman, RC xxiv 186.7 . gur chuir faoi forgla an domhain subdued TD 13.40 . na daine éadtroma ... do chonnmhail fa shilens an chlaustra = in claustro sub disciplina Instructio 201.17 . co fuilitt fa plánét Ṡáduirnn under (the rule of) Saturn Maund. 141 . ar mbeith dhuit fá leigheas = sub medicamento TSh. 8190 . mairg atá fá theas na teineadh, 6416 (cit.). ré mbeith don phobal I. fá éagcomhlann, 6103 .

Téit fo submits to, undergoes; assumes: in tan diagmani fo baithis. Wb. 3a15 . tect fo smachtu rechto, 19d11 . intí téte fo recht n-imdibi, 20a12 . dochóid Ísu fo reacht n-imdibe, PH 5652 . in tan teit oen ... fo gradaib in choimded takes holy orders 7157 . mane tē fó láim n-epscoip iar mbathus unless he is confirmed Ériu i 218.24 (see lám). fo-ácaib fo leaves at the discretion (mercy) of: do fágadh in faidhchi folum faī, ZCP vi 31.2 . forḟacaib [in mac] isinn inadsin fo na hethaidib left ... there exposed to the birds RC xxiv 190 § 2 . fágbhaim fá bhreathnughadh gach aonduine, cia is córa ... ?, TSh. 5002 (see fácbáil, fo-ácaib). fag gach aindligheadh ... fa dheithidi ... in bhreitheamhan, Instructio 200.22 . lectir fu mes nDe it is left to God's judgment Ériu vii 158.35 .

(e) under (a name, head, rubric, etc.): fond oinfailsigud (gl. sub eodem ... argumento) Ml. 36b16 . arroét Iosep ... Muire ... fo anmum chomaime under the name of wife PH 6917 . gab fon aithne-si gach lá saire include under this commandment 7372 . atā cech uli ... fon aithne-si every ... is included under this commandment 7542 . atā bán aithne-si ... cech ní 7609 . ní háirmighther Éire ... fan clíma ard Ireland is not counted as belonging to Maund. 157 . fo [o]en aicciund adfiadar `it [a compound] is pronounced under a single accent' Sg. 74b8 . Cf. dosbert fobairt bidbad fó bidbadaib foraib, LU 6498 (`the attack of an enemy among enemies' Faraday, Faraday 92 ). Here seem to belong: ba fou fachart[at]arsom, Ml. 64a10 . is fáei iarom latharsat légnide na mBretan innísin (introducing an explanation), Thr. Ir. Gl. 9 (Cormac s.v. cruimther. Y has instead: is fair iarom rolaset).

(f) under = less than; inferior to: faoi áois iomchubhaidh `before sufficient age' RSClára 6a . an t-aonmhadh lá déag ... faoi nó ós a chionn the eleventh day or thereabouts Corp. Astron. 4.12 . gion go raibhe créatúir san gcruinne fá aingeal budh uaisle, TSh. 1100 . ba hē amāin faoi Dia dusratt in Edāill ... fo chuing chreidmhe, Fl. Earls 100.14 . faoí Dia acht in guibernoir ni himda persa ... is fessach 70.30 .

(g) according to, in accordance with , an extension of (d) and (e) above; in Glosses gen. in combination with vbs. GAIBID and DO-BEIR: fon cheill fuandrogab in faith in the sense in which the prophet has uttered it Ml. 38c3 . cid fosodi[n] nogabad D. .i. foní fuantuic P., 35a9 . is fosodin rogabad 35b10 . bed foú nogabtis ... foní fuatabarr ib. 16 , 18 . as sain ind fiugor fuandrogab in faith ┐ ind rún fuantaibret in suuischelaichthi, 45a3 . is fo dobertar inna anman fonna inni fordi[n]grat names are given in accordance with the qualities they signify 37a14 . fo sin in that case, in accordance with that Ml. 42c24 , 46c14 , Sg. 106a5 . is foa ... dothét cech pennain ... fo meit an pectha every penance is determined by the magnitude of the sin RC xv 487y . pennith fon cinaid, Ériu vii 158.2 . gu cumaid a ndeghghnima fon n-etargna sin, Lism. L. 4612 . do suidhigedh na sluaig fo med i [ = a] n-uaisli, Fianaig. 56.1 . mani fochlither a bruth ... fóa réir fodein unless his ardor be attended to according to his own pleasure LU 8622 ( FB 46 ). direnar leithdire ... fo suire cacha feda according to the rank of each tree Laws iv 168.21 . dīre cāich fo miad `according to his dignity' i 40.13 . fothud ... do cechtar da lina fo miad, ii 378.5 . daithin na dáime fana miad ┐ fana ngrad, FDG 409 = MR 50z . doronsat iomarbaigh ... fa ccumang according to their ability Leb. Gab.(i) i 248.25 . fam dhícheall to the best of my power A. Ó Dálaigh x 2 . fá a ngníomrad mestar mic rígh, O'Gr. Cat. 358.5 . fuaratar fona mian í itir tess ┐ fhuacht as they liked it BCC p. 396.23 . Cf. in lucht dara betha a colann fo na míanaib do frestal, PH 7463 . rotheichset fo nertaib bāgh by dint of courage (?) RC x 54. 2 v.l. ( ICM xxi ). Here, perhaps: to-tēt meas fo aimseara, BDD 28 Y (fó U), expl. by: téid an breitheamhnas ris an aimsir, O'Cl. s.v. meas (8) .

(h) like, corresponding to (extension of preceding. Cf. fo bēsad fir trebuir `after the manner of a prudent man' Wb. 29d23 . fo béesad fir téte do chath, 9a3 ): ni thainicc riam tegluch fóo ┐ nicon riccfo co brath, IT iii 238.111 . orguin fón orguin dorat dún, BDD 48 (.i. mar an argain, Stowe; lit. in proportion to i.e. in requital of (?)cf. (q)). robad orgain fo araile in sin, 66 U (fon aile Y. ba argain már a chéle hí, Stowe). ni fail mac rig ... fo Ceallach, AU 894 (poem). ni taircell Eriu ... fer fo Mael ... Muru, 886 (= mar AFM 884 ). flaith fial fo rig nAilbine as generous as AFM 845 . fo Choin Culaind comchosmail, LU 8454 ( FB 30 = for, Eg.; fri, Voss.). teaghlach fo theaglach an ḟir ni fil, AFM 890 = AU 894 . fón bfleadhughadh út doronabair abhus forbia mu fhleadhssa tall daibh like the feasting you have enjoyed here Marco P. 12 .

(i) with numerals as multiplicative (an early use, perhaps orig. implying motion, ZCP viii 33 - 34 ): fo dí twice Wb. 24b22 . Ml. 46a21 . a úaig dil fo dí doubly dear LU 9977 ( PRIA iii 538 ). dammidethar fá dí, LU 9132 ( FB 88 ). a óen fo deich ten times one BCr. 31c5 . fo thrí, Wb. 17d4 . rogabsat ... forro fo thrí in n-insi, LU 221 . blegon inna mbo fo thri Hy v 32 . dorónsat fa thrí, LU 193 . fo aen a mbliadain once a year Laws iv 350.19 Comm. Cluain maic N. do argain fo thri ... fecht o Sil nA. ┐ fo dó hó Callraidhi, RC xvii 390.25 . AU 1050 . resíu goires in coilech fa dó, PH 3196 . a sé fo chethair four times six LL 181b28 ( Arch. Hib. ii 48 ). a chairdis Crist fó secht his seven-times gossip RC xviii 14.19 . With compar.: aidbliu fo míle, LU 2003 . soillsi fo secht oltas grian, FA 10 LB (= soillsithir ... andá LU 2029 ). mó fá dheich ten times more IGT, Decl. ex. 1027 . With co (later also co ba, co ma): confitebimur du ebert cu fudi twice Ml. 94a2 . co fo ṡecht, LL 209b46 ( Ériu vii 220 ). ro loisc Life co ba ṡecht, ACL iii 304 § 4 . tri cēd ... co ma thri thrice three hundred Fen. 354 . mo bhennacht gomá secht go Breifneachaibh, BNnÉ 267.7 . gid scriptuir bes go ma secht | in cech cill, Anecd. ii 38.1 .

(j) at, by (of occasion, conjuncture, etc. on or at which something happens, orig. perhaps an extension of (d) above): is fo forṅgartaid tra fosin dutiagar á manifestare ... is fo infinit dutiagar fu[n] dul so the (word) `manifestare' is construed as an imperative in that case [ = under that interpretation] ... as an infinitive in this case Ml. 101c6 - 7 . dochuamar i nEigeipt fo chuiriud Foraind at Pharaoh's invitation Ériu iv 140.21 . ar a gabail fo lige fo eirge for singing it at lying down and rising Lib. Hymn. i 46.17 ; 5.30 . lá lodmar fo gairm in ríg at the king's call LL 206b4 ( RC vii 290.6 ). tiucfa se fa guth an cluic at the sound of the bell BCC § 220 . is fad thúarasgbhailsi tanag (= on hearing of thy fame) Ériu v 98.31 . tancadar fir Erenn fo thasc in rig (i.e. on the report of the king's death), Dinds. 136 . in duine ticced fón n-égem, LU 1908 . egis in gilla. doroich Loegaire fua, LU 8525 ( FB 38 ). eighthi in muccid, co tanic tuath in da Maine fae, BDD 20 . Cf. ro héged immumsa ... tanacaisiu fon égim, ScM. 11 . fo sodain, fo sin usually means by that time but occasionally at (with) that: íachtais in gilla—tic C. fo sodain, LU 8537 , LU 8546 ( FB 39 , 40 ). ro scáich noínnin Ulad fo sodain by that time LU 5899 . dolluid E. immach fo sodain, 8242 . tic F. fó sodain, 5645 . dochuadar amach fái sin, RC xxiii 424.11 . tainic dereadh in lai fae sin, CCath. 2416 . rucsad forro fai sin, Ann. Conn. 1270 § 7 . dorochair D. fóisede by that time RC xvi 280.16 ( Dinds. 161 ).

(k) during: fiu and fo domnach `rested there throughout Sunday' Trip. 156.19 ( fó d., Trip.² 1825 ). Trip. 182.21 ( Trip.² 2143 ). fiusam fo domnach ann, Trip. 174.7 ( Trip.² 2025 ).

(l) Of approximate time of an occurrence, at, about (cf. imm): fó athgin [taite v.l.] in erruigh ar chinn by the return of spring CCath. 169 . C. do ēcc ... fo fel Lurint, Ann. Conn. 1243 § 8 (cf. F. ... d'ecc im feil Martain ib. § 7 ). sluagad ... la maccaib rig C. ... fo fel Muri, 1249 § 9 . fo fel cros doronadh ALC ii 116 = Ann. Conn. 1405 § 15 . fá'n Nodloig-si, Ériu v 54.9 . na hanmunna tecuit fo dhomhnach a hifern on Sundays RC xiv 48.19 . an tan fa ticfa, Fianaig. 74.9 . dochuaidh ... fo ṡamhain ar cciontt hi ccenn Gall `went to the English the ensuing Allhallowtide' AFM v 1622.6 . ón am far scríobh Caesarius , Keat. i p. 48.14 . ón tráth fá dtánaig tar muir, TD 2.58 . an uair fa dtigthí ar Ibh Táil whenever ... were mentioned 3.48 . fá aimsir chinnte by a certain time TSh. p. 160 . ón tráth fár dhearbh lais as soon as he was certain 2800 . Of space: ro ḟorcongair forra celcc do inneall fá mhile do Ṡlicceach `within a mile of Sligo' AFM vi 1978.3 (see f above). Similarly in expressions like: fo dered, fo deod, fo dechtsa, etc. (see 1 deired, dead, fecht): go fuighedh bās fa cend tri la within three days BCC § 257 . muna bfacchadh fios ... faoi chenn bliaghna, Ériu iv 51.18 . Cf. first cit. under (f), above.

N.B.—In most of the exx. in the follg. sections FO (FA, FÁ etc.) replaces imm.

(m) after words denoting cause or reason, in rel. construction with vb.; cia hádbar fa filet oc iarraid ... ? why are they seeking ... ? PH 2761 . cid imár adair Ísu, ┐ cid fa tuc anoir do ?, 2611 . adbar bá ṅdlegar a sechna, 7435 . issé adhbur fa ndernatar ..., Maund. 10 . is dona hadhbharuibh as mó fár chuir Ronán one of the chief reasons for which R. put Ériu v 74.17 . is é fath fa tangamar, ZCP vi 50z . crét fá tancabar ?, PH 2924 . crét an fáth fa ndentar sin ? RC xxix 124.12 . ni ḟuarais maith ... far mholta dhuit ... iad for which they should be praised by thee ZCP viii 219 § 10 . an dara hadhbhar fár fhuiling Dia ... another reason why God allowed ... TSh. 3513 . an treas fáth fár thuit Ádhamh 3527 . With cop.: is é fáth fána doilghe this is the reason why 1132 . ciodh fár chóra ... ?, Keat. ii 936 .

(n) in respect of, as regards: is iad so mogha fíre Fergusa fo neart ┐ fo ghniomhradh, Ériu viii 136.16 . i gcuibhreann na mbó fán bhféar `feeding on grass with cattle' TSh. 3464 . fear mar Ghuaire fá dhúais d'ógaibh, Keat. Poems 211 . Esp. after adj.: réidh fá mhaoin lavish of 526 . brugh fa fial fá bhiadhaibh, 861 . líonmhar ... fá dhaoinibh populous Keat. ii 937 . as bhuaine fa bhuanfholuibh, 23 F 16, 195 (`in respect of long-enduring kindreds' O'Gr. Cat. 399 ). In asyntactical constr.: fan seanchas chuirim chugaibh, congbhaidh é `as to the facts I bring forward' Content. xxi 6 . About, concerning: bá thómos a thigi thancabair `about the measure of his house' (Hennessy) MU² 855 ( LL 268b17 ). iar saruccadh Ruadain do Diarmait fa Aedh nG. after D. had insulted R. in the matter of A. BNnÉ 88.18 . cogadh ... fa chrích ... bhFáil fógrais É., TD 18.25 . damsa ceart ... | fon gcloidheamsin `grant justice ... about that sword' Duan. F. ii 132 § 28 . an bhreath ... rug Solamh ... fán gcloinn, TD 2.48 . mun ní fá dtairge a theagosg in anything in which thou attemptest to instruct him 15.51 . mór d'ulc ... do-righneadh fa (um v.l.) cheann an chnuic, 4.1 (see 1 cenn). síodh fan gcrann peace (i.e. forgiveness) for the spear Dán Dé iv 9 . súil Gaoidheal ruibh fad ríoghadh TD 10.31 . go dtug sé ... tuarastal do thaoiseach ... fá thoidheacht a reward for coming TSh. 259 . Esp. after words denoting mental action or emotion: cen chuimni fon ēc without thought of death ACL iii 239.16 . eagla ... fá thuitim, TSh. 3520 . fonn ... fá bhás d'fhagháil, 6059 . débhóision ... fána naomhaibh ┐ fa thaisibh na naomh, Ó Héodhusa 144x . amharus ... fa ḟiadh gConnacht doubt about TD 21.42 . budh ainfesach clēirigh fana fēiltiph fīre, ZCP x 50.14 . ní baránta inchreidthe é fa righ Lochlann do bheith, etc., it is not a credible guarantee that ... Keat. i p. 46 . After a number of vbs. (most of which are also used with IMM), e.g. of entreating, commanding, permitting, refusing, promising, preventing, of object of entreaty, etc.: roguid in coimdid bá indechad forsin errig, PH 792 . guidhim sibhsi fa guidhe ar mo shon fa mo leiccen mar so I entreat you to pray for me that I may be left as I am BNnÉ 67.6 . guidhes Dia ... fan documal sin do fortacht, RC xii 332.21 . do ghuidhsiod ... Dia fá gan eisean do mharthain that he might not live Keat. iii 2138 . impidhe do chur ar an rígh fá shaordháil do thabhairt dó, TSh. 4496 . tucc C. aonta fa theacht agreed to come Anecd. iii 2.17 . cead do thabhairt do L. fa chúanairt forba ... d'ḟaghail to allow L. to obtain Ériu v 78.28 . glend nach érthar nech fa coinnmedh where no one is refused entertainment BNnÉ 131.15 . díol farbh' éartha gach aoighe a payment which should be denied every guest TD 10.14 . is e Colum Cille bai 'na slanaigecht fona techt ... doridisi C. was security for his return RC xxiv 62 § 23 . muna dtugadh móid don rígh fá bheith díleas dhó, Keat. ii 5220 . rothairmisc tra in scel sin fa Polinices dul prevented P. from going TTebe 2767 (= imm, see do-airmesca). Of mocking: oc fanamut fa Ísu, PH 2864 (= imm). do fhochuitbiud fói (= immi) 3328 . dorindetar móran fonamhaitt fói, Maund. 15 . ag gāire fan ḟéin laughing at the fian CF 723 . occ gáiribh futha, BNnÉ 76.35 . ag fochuidmheadh fana seanchadhaibh, Keat. i 50.2 . Cf. focherdat in macrad gāir foa, LU 8849 . On account of: dobermáit glóir do Dia fá éistecht riut, Ériu ii 146 § 165 = RC xxiv 384.23 . éirghe amach i n-aghaidh a dtighearna fa n-a chíos féin d'iarraidh orra, Maguires of F. § 25 . Here perhaps: t'enech d'ácbáil fo bíad, LU 4353 . Of purpose, aim: trosccadh ... do dhenamh frisin cCoimdedh fa shoirbheachadh doibh that they might prosper BNnÉ 51x . créd do dhénmais fa dhul tar an sruth what we should do to cross the stream 49 . a llāma sínti fon dhiubhracad extended for shooting CCath. 5564 .

(o) along with, including (= imm): tucad ár forro fa mac Maic U. ┐ im A. Hua M. including the son of Mac U. and A. RC xviii 189.12 (Tig.). tucc coecait each fa ech ngorm, ZCP viii 221.5 . do loisgedh céad ech ... fa eachuibh an airdríogha, Ériu i 24.134 . tucadur i raibe do braighdibh ann leó, fa mac [U]i R. all the hostages including the son of Ua R. AU ii 488.5 . tuccadur a mbai do braigdib ... leo fo mac .h. R., Ann. Conn. 1348 § 6 . cuit do galloclaechaib .h. C. do marbad doib fan Constapla .i. fa Mac R., 1342 § 3 . ... dar marbad seser mac rig fo Chorbmac .h. nE., 1365 § 4 .

(p) after vbs. of swearing, asseverating, etc. of that by which oath, etc., is made (cf. 1 tar, dar BV); perhaps an extension of (d) above. tongu-sa fom [bam, tar, dar v.l.] chumachta, Ériu ii 196.18 . nech dothoing ethech fo cetharlebrai soscelai vii 156.20 . luigimsea bam arm, v 72.11 . ind lec ... cech oen dogní luga ṅ-eithig foithi who swears falsely by it Trip. 8.10 ( Trip.² 87 ). in luige thuccad fó ainmm Dia, PH 7636 . luige ... ba chnedaib Crist by the wounds of Christ 7324 . tug ... a minna fon aendia, ZCP vi 34.17 . dobheirim briathar ... fam chloidhemh, Ériu i 26.146 . doberimsi fam bréithir gomadh ..., ZCP x 277.34 . dobiur-sa fám gaisced ... nach FDG 287 . gúidim tú fon Día da creididh ┐ fat faistedh I adjure thee by Fier. 40 .

(q) in distributive sense with numbers (perhaps orig. in return for, cf. section h): dobheredh P. tri bhuille fan aónbhuille dhó would give three blows for every one he got Ériu v 182.334 . da bheim ... fo gach aoínbhéim, Duan. F. i 69.29 . biaidh an ghealach comhartha ar a haghaidh fo gach deich dá mbia san uimhir sin the moon will be advanced one sign for each tenth of that number Corp. Astron. 108z .

III Various idioms.

(a)

(1) ATÁ ... FÚM I intend: ... ní fhuil | fúm acht inneal ar olcaibh I aim at nought but sin A. Ó Dálaigh xxxix 13 . más faoisidin bliadhna atá fúd do dénomh, Mac Aingil 151.13 . ris in drochrūn doui fuí, Ériu v 98.8 . do bhríogh nach raibhe faoi an ceathramhadh ... do leigheas because He did not intend TSh. 1524 . Cf. do bhí a bhara faoi fēin díoghaltas do dhéanamh he intended, purposed 6085 (see 2 bara). an t-ógan agá mbí drochfhuadar faoi who is bent on evil 5316 .

(2) ATÁ FO is liable for (?) in tan is innlaeg berar in bo amach is hegen beith fuithe no co mbere laeg isin aige rogellad, O'Curry 653 ; 1100 (< H 3.18, 316 ; 446 ) = masa indlaeg ... is egean beith fuithe, O'Curry 689 (< H 3.18, 334 ). Cf. madh fo rāith dara ... beither, O'Curry 1100 . in inbaidh ... bīthar fo rāith a hinnlaoghais ib.

DO-ICC FO

(1) impugns: tecor fo coruib na druingi seo the contracts of the group are impugned Laws v 184.23 (see do-icc).

(2) is decided upon by: tainic fái a mhainistir ... d'fagbail he decided to leave ( RC xxv 396.31 . tainig fothaib a denam, Fen. 348z .

DO-TÉT FO: ní taīt Dia fo t[h]airngere conid-chumscaiged `God does not come under a promise that He should alter it' Ml. 109a5 . CUIRID ... FO (NECH) incites: an pecadh sin ... do cur faoi to incite him to that sin BCC § 223 . an merughadh sin do cuir an diabul fúd ib. CUIRIM FUM I settle down: iar gcur fúm i gclúidh, Ó Bruad. ii 248 . DO-BEIR ... FO ...: daringni da nathraig ... eittecha ┐ dorat foluamain fóthib for ammus lasoin made two serpents ... winged, and sent them fluttering towards Jason LL 222a23 ( TTr. 363 ). Cf. scarsit fóu ┐ L. `they parted from (?) him and L.' Trip. 130.6 ( Trip.² 1492 ).

(b) the form with 3 s. pron. suff. fó, foí (fáoi) occurs as adv. in some expressions: cid fó cid for ... bem[m]e whether we be beneath or above Snedg. u. Mac R § 7 ( YBL 12a10 ). ó tét grian fáe when the sun sets Maund. 246 . iar ndol don ghréin fáoi `after the setting of the sun' RSClára 15a . tré dhul fé do ghréin a bheatha, Ó Bruad. ii 242 . coirt darach do berbadh ... go ndeach a trian faoi till it is reduced (in bulk) by a third 23 K 42, 332.10 . amail dogentais in mbeirt | co mbad foe Hériu ardneirt Ireland should be subject (to them) Ériu iv 110.2 . mór míad dorad damsa in rí, | dom ríar dorad fiadha faoi he subjugated lands (?) ACL iii 304.22 . Here perhaps : ro thairc ferand fō (: gó), LL 147a35 (`that has won good land' PRIA iii 551 ). cath slebe Fúait ria Fergal dosfanair fói, Arch. Hib. ii 60 § 25 = LL 182bz . Cf. foí.

(c) fá mar as (of manner) : fá mar adeir an file, TSh. 2837 . fá mar dho níd na cearrbhaig ... go meinic, Ó Héodhusa 156 . Later also fé mar. See immar. See now Celtica ix 126 .

IV Fo enters into a number of stereotyped advbl. phrases, each of which will be found under the second constituent : see bíth (-in), commar, dáig(-in), deó(i)d, dered, leth, 1 sech, tharsna.

V Fo- enters into composition

(a) with vbs. as preverb, see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 295 , Thurn. Hdb. § 829 , Sjoestedt-Jonval, Études Celt. iii 219 ff . In some Middle-Irish MSS it is wrongly substituted for other preverbs, see Ériu xiv 129 ff .

(b) with nouns and adjs. as prefix generally either with diminutive sense (with adj. = rather, somewhat , (e.g. fogel), q.v. or that of subordination. Sometimes defining position (e.g. fochóel, q.v.). Hence fo .i. bec nó derōil, O'Dav. 981 .

1 gabor

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 gabor or dil.ie/25057

 

n (gabar, gabur) o, m. a goat. gl. caper, Sg. 37b3 . Ir. Gl. 372 (gabhar). gabar tria ailm quasi caper rotrūailled and, Corm. Y 675 . da ngrúad ṅgabair, BDD 79 . mendan ac deol gabair, IT iii 104 § 201 . is ferr guth in gabair mairbh | iná gairm in ghobhair bí, ZCP vii 269 § 9 . ise in gabur cid meighleach (i.e. gabor is masc.), Auraic. 540 . torc atchiu argair gabair, ib. 5230 . fa ghobhar bhleacht, TD 37.3 . pl. eich, muca, mairc cairig, gobair (sic MS), Laws i 268.21 . v 166.5 . broga im na gabraib, iv 86.2. Comm. míli do gabraib fri gleith, SR 6299 . almai gabur, 5652 . AU ii 506.21 . níor theilgeadar ... do ghabhair bhainionna a mionnáin, Gen. xxxi 38 . gabhar fíadháin wild goat, Deuteronomy xiv 5.

Compds. ¤chend a fabulous monster (the goat-headed, horse-headed?): luchrupain ┐ fomóraig ┐ goborchind, LU 124 . Briatharchath Goburchind (name of tale), Anecd. ii 53.9 . Gabhorchenn (name of a poet), AU 687 . ¤chómrád (expl. of ecloga): eccloga .i. gobar-c[h]omrád ... ar a doirchi ┐ ar a dot[h]uigsi, Corm. Y 561 . ¤thrét a goat-flock: gaburtrét na pecthach, Ériu ii 200.22

imchor

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imchor or dil.ie/27400

 

Forms: imchar

n o, m. vn. of imm-cuirethar. imchar m. IGT Decl. § 17.

I

(a) the act of carrying, bearing: corn Finn ... ┐ dá ghilla imchuir aici, Fianaig. 56.8 . gin gu beth acht si (i.e. a shield) ┐ fear a himcair, Tromd. Guaire 15. dá shleig shéta shenlethna | atá aige dá n-imchar, SG 260.16 . ni fíu mheisi a bhróga d'iómchur, Matthew iii 11. na mairbh d'onórughadh ┐ d'iomchar re a n-adhnacal, TSh. 5560. eathar .i. artrach iomchair, O'Cl. soidheach iomchuir an airdríogh, A. Ó Dálaigh ix 2. co nach mó ina ceithri fir décc do mhair lé hiomchar airm, AFM v 1776 x . aroile d'eachroidh Uī Nēill ar a roibhi pāirt dā airget dia imachor, Fl. Earls 86.y . bít ag imchar chéri as chopán | méinne macámh, IGT Decl. ex. 101. géill fa shíthlaibh óir ghá n-iumchar, ex. 955 . guin sgeine fa-deara dhamh | gan sgeana eile d'iomchar, ex. 2047 . fear iomchuir an dúilimh `the Creator's viceregent' (applied to the military chaplain), Ó Bruad. iii 42.12 .

In passive sense: cuiris iomchar faoi ┐ beiris leis da theach é he was carried, Keat. ii 3210. for (ar) i.¤ being carried: ro chuirsiot na fir for iomchar eissiumh gus an nglionn, AFM vi 1918.20 . gur bhris cnámha a chloiginn, gurab ar iomchar rugadh go teach Briain é, Keat. iii 4239. is imdha ón Fhailghech ar imchur | gaillcherc agus ganndal `many a foreign hen and gander is borne by the man of Offaly,' Studies 1920, 417.37 .

(b) Used fig. of bearing, carrying (a dignity, tradition, etc.): 'sa righe (sc. Colla Uais) i nam a hiomcair | acc barr íle o Eireannchoibh `his kingship while he bore it,' BNnÉ 281 § 266. ar mbeith dá gcorpaibh marbha 'na n-ablachaibh neamhchuibhdhe ré hiomchor garma onóraighe san bhioth, TSh. 1381. beid ag na daoinibh ó bheól go beól dá n-iomchur (of sins), 1255 .

(c) the act of behaving: mar as cóir dhúinn iomchar rér ccomhursain, Parrth. Anma 28.11 . cionnas dhlighther don fhior é féin d'iomchar do thaobh a mhna pósda, 165.17 . is go bhfuile ag iomchur ruinn | dar leat amhail nach diongnuinn, Content. xvi 1. do chuir roimhe ... a iomchar go foighideach, GJ iii 68b22 .

(d) the act of supporting, maintaining: ní fhuil díobh fear a hiomchair | d'éis ar imthigh d'Éirionnchaibh `since these Irishmen have departed there is not one to support her (?),' Ériu viii 193.45 . lucht iomchair supporters, partisans , AFM v 1590.10 .

(e) the act of bringing up: fer imchair in leinibh gl. pedagogus, BLism. 76vb35 . gan fer a hiomchair iná haltruim, ALC ii 218.20 .

(f) the act of enduring, suffering (trouble, etc.): éugcruás na ndáoineadh meirbh d'hiomchar, Romans xv 1. lón an lóirghníomha d'iomchor, TSh. 1877. re hiomchar ualaigh thruim pheannaide na haithrighe, 8883 . acc iomchar ettualaing a easccaratt, AFM v 1824.z .

II As ordinary noun.

(a) In concrete sense a charge, burden: cuirfead iomchar mo chroidhe | ar dhuine eile a mbliadhna, Dánta Gr. 49.9 . nar ba hiomchar d'fhiach a corp a burthen for a raven, Dánta P. Feiritéir 729 .

(b) In abstract sense

(i) bearing, deportment, behaviour: a dhrochiomchar leis féin `his misbehaviour,' ZCP iv 430.20 . tá cuid de na daoinibh spadánta gan iomchar, De Imit. 245.2 . tre bheith diadha deagh-iomchair, 17.14 . fear a aoise dob fhearr n-iomchuir ` attainment (?),' TD 25 § 14. is gnáth dúndam i n-iomchur na bhfeadhmannach, Ó Bruad. i 76.11 . tig iomchar re foghlaim, Hard. ii 408.9 .

(ii) forbearance, suffering: a ngloine a neólus a n-iomchar fhada, 2 Cor. vi 6. le hiomchar fada cláochluighthior prionnsa `by long forbearing,' Proverbs 25 § 15. ar fhuilngis d'imneadh is d'olc ... ní hiongnadh iomchar ionnaibh forbearance ?, Maguires of F. § 100.24 .

ingnatha

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ingnatha or dil.ie/28684

 

ind .i. mairb. condodúisigh iongnatha .i. dúiseóchaidh mairbh , O'Cl. ? a special meaning of ingnad.

1 lía

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 lía or dil.ie/30096
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: lie, lie, liae, liaa, liic, liaic, liic, lia, liacc, liac, liic, lic, léig, lieic, liic, lic, legga, liaga, líac, leagaibh, liic, leag, líog, lie

n (orig. disyll., see Otia ii 86.y , Metr. Dinds. iii 116.100 . Later monosyll., LL 6365 , Duan. F. ii 78.48 ). nk, m. (later occasionally f., see below). l.¤ m. (as vocalic stem), IGT Decl. § 108. n s. lie, Wb. 21c6 . Ml. 131c12 . in lie , Wb. 4d16 . Fél. Ep. 14 (dissyll.), O'Mulc. 247. liae, Laws i 124.18 . liaa, TBC-I¹ 1230. a s. liic, LU 5365. liaic, TBC-I¹ 3004. liic (in place-name), LL 6365. lia, Acall. 867. g s. liacc, Wb. 4d15 . liac, Sg. 22b10 . Ml. 131c9 . d s. liic, Fél. Oct. 5 (dissyll.). liac, Sg. 65a1 (perhaps scribal error, see Strachan, OIPG 4th ed. p. 148 , 209 ). lic ( liic, LU 5367 ), TBC-I¹ 891. léig, Thr. Ir. Gl. 36.28 . n p. lieic, Sg. 18b7 . liic, Ériu viii 156.26 . lic, ib. a p. legga, LL 227a33 ( TTr. 741 ). liaga, TSh. 9455. g p. líac, LU 2121 ( FA 18 ). d p. leagaibh, CRR² 16. n du. in da liic , LU 4928. Note also: ar do lia luim (: chongbhuim), IGT Decl. ex. 1805 . This is (hesitantly) condemned as `lochdach', but may be an example of the usage described by O'Brien, Celtica ii 346 , iv 102 . Fem. gender is, however, supported by: is líag fhīorbhúadhach eiséin (with alliteration), O'R. Poems 2987 , cf. 2990 . On the late n s. leag ( lec, AU ii 174.9 etc.) see Bergin, Ériu xii 217. See also Duan. F. iii Gloss. s.v. líog.

Stone.

(a) In general meaning: lie . . . lapis , Corm. Y 810. lie uilnech gl. angularis lapis, Wb. 21c6 . Ml. 131c12 . lia brec ┐ lia find ┐ lia dub (used in ordeals), Laws v 472. 19 Comm . a mbeith amail comorba liacc their being like the inheritor of a stone, O'Curry 249 ( H 3.18, 144 ). cur liac putting the stone (`putting stones'), RC ix 454.18 .

(b) Various specific meanings. Whetstone : lia gl. cos, Sg. 67b12 . lieic gl. cotes, 18b7 . cotibus .i. lecib, Thes. ii 47.17 . cotut .i. a cote [.i.] lie forcid, O'Mulc. 247 . aithigud ar n-iarnd fri liic, Trip. 218.18 ( Trip.² 2592 ). bla liac limad (.i. slan don ti limus in scin risin lic, Comm.) grinding is exemption of a stone (i.e. the owner of a grindstone is exempt from penalty for accidental damage during grinding), Laws iii 294.20 , 21 . imbleith for lig, v 484.3 . mor sleg . . . ro limtha risin lia, Acall. 4495.

Upper millstone; millstone : im ocht mbullu ara fognat muillond: topur . . . liae, mol, indeoin . . . `for the eight parts which constitute (lit. serve) the mill . . . the stone, the shaft, the supporting stone' .i. . . . in cloch iachtair, Laws i 124.18 , 140.17 Comm . im denum liacc bron, 184.11 . imrethed ima cuairt amal licc muilind, RC ix 470.16 . Cf. 1 mol.

Standing stone, pillar-stone, usually of a memorial stone, one marking place of death or burial; Ogham-stone: tir . . . a claetar poll i curtar lia `land . . . where a hole is made, where a stone is put', Laws iv 6.12 . cladar a fert . . . sátir a lia, LU 5704 ( = liaa, TBC-I¹ 1230 ). ro tócbad a lia ┐ ro scríbad [a] ainm oguim ┐ doringned duma immon licc, TFerbe 757 . co ro chlaidhter mo ḟertsa lat ┐ co clantar mo lia that my grave may be dug by thee and my stone planted (i.e. set in the ground), Rawl. 130b28 . co tard a druim frisin liic leaned his back against the pillar, LU 3284 . ogum i lia, lia uas lecht, IT i 158.10 . tri lic . . . niathbuidne ┐ tri liic lathbuidne, Ériu viii 156.26 = sé coirthi cloichi, 15 . na mairbh . . . gan lia ná leacht ós a gcionn, TSh. 5761. Hence in later lang. in sense of grave, tomb (cf. lecc, lecht): do-chuadhais fan líg `thou didst enter the grave', Dán Dé ix 18 . [san] lia 'n-a éanar gan óidh / ní sgéaradh re Dia dá deoin, PBocht 13.18 . In: is hé ro sáith in lia lom, Duan. F. ii 78.48 , where lia corresponds to v s. líog in 47 , it is not clear whether a flat or upright stone is meant. Note also: co talaid a anmain as for a beolu i richt lici, Anecd. i 10.16 (confused with lecc, cf. 1 lía, 13 , lie, 19 ). atá ben Lóith ina lícc ṡalainn, Maund. 93.

Of a stone used as a landmark: see l. cloiche below. crich incoisce ail adrada . . . no crann, no líg a district which a stone of worship . . . or a tree or a standing stone (`flag') marks, Laws iv 142.17 Comm . crich íncoisce comarda feadha no muighe, craind no liag, 144.4 Comm . Of a milestone: isin treas lícc on chathraigh E., BB 207b24 ( = lapide tertio, Nenn., see Todd Nenn. 70 n .). Equated with carraic: coronesart 'moan cairric, conid marb and. Unde Lia Lindgadan, Dinds. 119.

Note also: lec an arain lapisfulta, O'Don. Suppl.

(c) With adj. or defining gen. l.¤ cloiche. In some exx. perhaps stone pillar: rosuigid . . . lia cloichi cóicdruimneach i fír-mullach Uisnig, Ériu iv 152.15 . tuc a lám ar lia cloiche ro bói a slis in dúnaid, Acall. 2175 . liaga cloch do dhenamh d'echaibh righ Uludh the turning of the King of U.'s steeds into pillarstones (`flagstones'), Lism. L. 2875 . do chruinniughadh a rabhadar do liagaibh cloch 'n-a seasamh i nÉirinn, Keat. ii 3504 (corresp. to cach coirthi . . . , Ériu ii 22.16 ). an líog chomhthrom chloicheise (of the tomb of Christ), DDána 20.42 . do ním líga cloch / dia feraibh, Misc. Hag. Hib. 35.17 . lia láime missile-stone, slingstone : lia laime druth, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 21 § 1 . fácbaid . . . / liic (sic leg.) laime cech láech-fhir, Metr. Dinds. iii 116.100 . ro gabadh . . . dib . . . di liagaib lam, CCath. 3150 . l.¤ telma slingstone : srethis liic telma boí ina láim fair, LU 5875 = TBC-I¹ 1406 . fucaird L. . . . liic talma do, RC xii 100 § 135 . l.¤ lógmar precious stone, see lógmar.

Of Lía Fáil, see 5 fál.

In names of mosses or fungus: co ndath losa líac, LL 6782 . ropo chomhderg a haiged ┐ corcair líac Laigen, Ériu iv 104.52 . samalta ra corcair lossa liac . . . a gnúis, LL 266b1 ( MU² 589 ; luss liac `foxglove', Watson). See corcur, 1 lus.

Compds. ¤aidne, see 2 aidne. ¤delgg, ZCP xxii 74.3 . liagdhealg .i. dealg in a mbí liag loghmar, no cloch úasal, O'Cl. liagh-delg óir, BB 260b 62 . da liaig-delgg n-iairn ina mbrutt (`two spoon-shaped brooches of iron'), ZCP xviii 297.6 .

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mí or dil.ie/32120
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: mí, mís, mís, mís, mís, mí, mí, mí, mís, misa, mís, mí, mís, mí, mí, mí, mhís, mhí, aonmhís, mísa, mí, mís, mis

n s, m., in Old and Mid.Ir. and later also f. n s. in mí , Thes. ii 17.34 ( Ber. 32b5 ). d s. isin mís , 39.26 . a s. mís, SCC 39. Laws ii 104.30 . g s. cech mís , Ml. 102c9 . caich mís , Thes. ii 19.34 ( BCr. 32c7 ). n du. in da mí , Laws iv 88.24 . a du. frisin da mí deac, Thes. ii 33.24 . g du. co cenn da mí , ib. 25 . n p. trí mís deacc, ib. 18 . secht misa , Laws iv 38.20 . g p. mís, Thes. ii 30.33 , 34 . In PH 276 d s. mí occurs, but mís, 2574 , 3517 . Later n a p. sometimes mí: secht mí , MacCarthy 300.2 ( BB 12b ). mí f., IGT Decl. § 97. d s. san mhís mairbh , ib. ex. 1758 (san mhí mharbh, incorrect). g s. aonmhís, ex. 1765 . pl. naí mísa , ex. 1759 .

A month: mí (gl. September, October), Ir. Gl. 1050 , 1051 . mí Mái, Fél. May 31. i mmis Enáir, SR 234. mi air .i. mí marta . . . mí iul ┐ mí buana .i. mi medhóin an foghmair, O'Dav. 1249. isin mís medonaig ind fogomair, LU 2951 ( SG 234 ). mí sílta(i) 'the month of sowing (= Spring?) ' Críth G. 538 , ZCP xxxii 80 . asberar secht misa fri samfuacht, Laws iv 38.20 . fri trí mísaib mórgemrid, Metr. Dinds. iii 370. mí is rathe is bliadain, SCC 29. co cend coicthigis for mís (i.e. six weeks), CRR 11. mí aescai lunar month, Thes. ii 10.4 . laa mis grene solar month, SR 265. laithe na mís ṅgréine, Fél. Prol. 321. cend maic mís of a month-old child, TBC-I¹ 1938. hi cind teora mís, PH 7217. go forcinn na missa sin, Fl. Earls 134.17 . a ndeireadh mí Iuil ┐ na mísand ana diaigh, O'Gr. Cat. 301.11. Advl. acc. of duration: anais mís ina farrad, SCC 39. batar secht mís for bliadain isin inad sin, PH 1914. Rarely dat.: ro boí noí misaib im áin, BColm. 16.22 . Advl. g s. cacha mis every month, monthly , Laws ii 390.14 , PH 336. dia mís (this) day month, a month hence: día mís ind dardaoin dognitir once a month on a Thursday, Mon. Tall. § 27. co tí . . . día míos that day month, ib. luid iarum dia mís da acallaim Fheradaig, LL 287a41 .

moídem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. moídem or dil.ie/32457
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: moídem, maidem, moídme, moídim, moídem, maídim, maídib, maídheamh, -imh, -mhe, máoidhimh, máoidhthe, maídem

n ā, f., vn. of moídid. n s. moídem, Wb. 2b14 , 17c11 . maidem, 17c14 (a prima manu). g s. moídme, 17a13 . a s. moídim, 17c11 , 20 ; 17d17 . d s. dia moídem (sic), 14d37 . du maídim , TBC-LL¹ 1964. du maídib , 1778 . Later also o, m.: maídheamh (m., g s. -imh, -mhe), IGT Dec. § 101. máoidhimh (f., g s. máoidhthe), § 150 (see moíded).

(a) boasting, vaunting; a boast, matter for glorying: gl. gloriatio, Wb. 2b14 , 16b20 . cia dognéo moídim (gl. gloriari), 17c20 . combad sníni for moidem-si (gl. occasionem gloriandi pro nobis), 15d6 . ? ni maídim limm . . . oenlaech do mmarbad I do not deem the slaying of a single warrior matter for boasting, TBC-LL¹ 1277 (leg. maídem? ni maidemh lem, St.). ní maoidheamh don té do thogh | sé 'n-a naoidhean dá naomhadh `being sanctified . . . is no boast for him whom God chose', PBocht 77 § 34 , cf. 62 § 19 . slúag sochla ra sír-moídim `a host of renown, ever-boasted ', Metr. Dinds. iii 12.150 . With obj. gen.: ni tella do neuch . . . moidem a arilte to boast of his merits, Wb. 5c13 . im gu-maideam mna mairb[e] (.i. im in maidem ngua doberar ar in mnai mairbh) a lying panegyric (?), Laws i 184.8 , 188.10 . ceilt gach maitheasa a maoidheamh to boast of good qualities is to hide them, Content. xii 6. ag maoidheamh a uaisleachta féin, TSh. 10716. Folld. by prep.: ar nebm.¤ hi magistrib our not boasting as to masters, Wb. 8d26 , cf. 23d23 . oc maídem asa ecna boasting of his wisdom, TTr.² 1237. as do thriúr . . . maoidheamh mór níor dhéanta dhuit you should not have boasted much of your three men, Content. v 69.

(b) declaring, avowing; in Laws making avowal (truly or falsely) of a deed committed. gin go ndernatar in cin acht an maidheam amain, Laws iii 108.13 . maidhem iar ndénam cina, ib. 15 . eiric in maidme no eiric in gnima, 110.9 Comm. na rag-sa fessin dá maídib fris that I will not go to declare it to him, TBC-LL¹ 1778. na ranic fer maíti airgni uad not a man escaped to tell of the slaughter, RC xiv 424.14 . dá mhaoidheamh gurab é féin, etc., TSh. 8808. Cf. maídem (.i. brath), O'Gr. Cat. 78.28 (a species of `cin béil' = `mouth-crime').

(c) taunting, upraiding (with AR of pers.); for transition cf. TBC-LL¹ 1964 : ba níth la Fergus óen do maídim thechid fri Coinculaind = gur tec Cc. roime, St., where the sense of `boasting' is implicit, cf. 1974 . Sébah . . . le ndearnabhair maoidheam oruim-sa with whom ye did upbraid me, Judges viii 15. gan caoineadh na gcorp is cáir | ort a maoidheamh is mórdháil to reproach Thee for them is presumption (?), Ó Bruad. ii 122. With acc. of pers.: ní léigfe mé do mhaoidheamh `he will not let me be crowed over', Content. ix 29. milléan, maoitheamh `an upbraiding', Eg. Gl. 483.

(d) threatening, promising: ag maoidhim madhma orra (of a `Badb'), ML 32.12 .

Compds. ¤rád: oc foicheda(i)l maidemraigh uttering exultant speech (of birds), ZCP xiii 258.14 .

rachall

Cite this: eDIL s.v. rachall or dil.ie/34701

 

n see recholl. rachall .i. brat mairbh `a winding-sheet ', P. O'C.

recholl, racholl, rachall

Cite this: eDIL s.v. recholl, racholl, rachall or dil.ie/34897

 

n o, m. a winding-sheet, shroud : racholl .i. brat mairbh , O'Cl. P. O'C. rochall `a coverlet', O'R. tir tretholl oc a facbat rig recholl, RC xx 270.14 ( ACC 93 Comm. ) = cosa mberut rig recholl, LB 239a25 . fuair . . . léne Coluim Cille .i. cuit Chaindig sin dia rechull som, LB 33a66 ( Three Hom. 120 ) = cuid Cainnigh dia rachall som i `C.'s share for his winding-sheet', Lism. L. 1041 . g s. trian ēttaig na marb ┐ trian rachaill, BColm. 44.25 . sech cach ruaim rachaill `every shrouded cemetery' (?), 96.17 . recholl .i. cail[l]e, H 3.18 p. 630a ( O'Curry 1387 ).

richt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. richt or dil.ie/35260

 

Forms: riucht, richt, reachta

n u, m. d s. riucht, Tur. 85 ( Thes. i 490.32 ). richt m. (g s. n p reachta), IGT Dec. § 71.5 .

(a) form, shape, guise , in wider sense than delb of whole appearance; gen. in phrase: i rri(u)cht in the guise (of), disdisguised as: oc tabairt bendachtae foir hi rriucht Éssu, Tur. 85 (of Jacob disguised as Esau). do luid Lucifer . . . i rricht aingil gil co hEua, SR 1671 . i rricht eoin ticed Victor aingel co Patraic (= sub specie avis), Lat. Lives 20.8 . tanic in Mórrígu i rricht sentainne, TBC-LL¹ 2411 = i ndeilb, TBC-I¹ 1748 . luid an Coimdhe i rriocht aingil go Ruadhan, BNnÉ 319 § 14 . i riocht fhir an bhruit lachtna disguised as a man with a grey cloak , Keat. ii 3453 . ar a mēt no delbad i n-ilrechtaib for the number of different forms he used to assume , FB 75 . tecait anmand firén i rrechtaib én nglégel, FA 33 . slog mor do ainglib i rrechtu ēn ngel, LB 28b49 . tegait [na longa] i rachtaib ingen macdacht fon fairgi, Aen. 2035 . do cuir sin dath dubh orra ┐ docuadar isna rechtaibh sin a cenn diuice na L., ZCP vi 74.2 . no imbritis a mbrechta druadh forna duilib domunda conā leicctis a richta fein forra, CCath. 3917 . gan ríoghuin 'n-a riocht `disguising her queenly appearance', PBocht p. 22 § 36 .

i richt with gen. in the guise of = instead of , passing somet. into sense in mistake for: diamad Chú no bet[h] it'richt, SCC 34 ( LU 3752 ). eirg amach im'richt-sa, ACL iii 309.11 . ól rota i rricht ind lomma in mistake for milk , LL 11a40 . cor marbadur a muinter fein a richt Chlainde Morna, Acall. 7882 . measaim gurab i riocht an fhocail so `Ronanus' do scríobh Cambrens `Roanus', Keat. i 154.6 . atáid triar re a luadh ann so i riocht aon duine three persons are confounded here as being one , 152.98 .

(b) condition, plight : ? iss i richt mná siúil | sedda Ulaid uli, FB 24 ( LU 8357 ), cf. is i rrechtaib bó ┐ dam . . . settai mná Ulad, ib. ( LU 8367 ). da cinel déc . . . do tiprataib . . . co rechtaib examla orra, RC xxiv 374.5 . Toirrdelbhach . . . d'fhágbail a richt duine mairbh T. was left for dead , AU iii 458.18 , cf. agus hé fós a riochd mhairbh as good as dead , Hebrews xi 12 . `Créad an riocht 'na bhfuile?' `Atáim agam' chéasadh', TSh. 5040 . gur truagh na reachta sin dár chuireadar a oireachta féin rígh Fhearmanach pitiable was the plight in which his own vassals had put the king of F. , Maguires of F. § 25 . State, kind, quality : imfresan fiadhnaise for cach richt duine is isli inas every condition (rank) of person , Laws i 84.2 Comm. a breith a richt cruidh in duine sin . . . a mbreith a richt a cruidh fein (= on the understanding that they are the other man's cattle . . . his own), iv 228.17 Comm. cis rechta na gaibter a fiadhnaisi forgell what kinds of person are not accepted as evidence? Eg. 88 f. 51b ( O'Curry 2600 ). Cf. also: slan don fir etrana . . . an guin ime i richt a n-airm ┐ a n-etaigh (i.e. if he injure those around him in the matter of their arms or clothing), Laws iii 286.11 . i riocht peacaidh `in way of sin', PBocht 48 § 10 . it ōig-rec[h]ta na haisdi seo new kinds of poetry , IT iii 28.25 . go raibh Críost i dtrí reachtaibh ar an saoghal so . . . go saoghalta somharbhtha . . . go domharbhtha . . . go diamhar dofhaicsiona i sacraimint, Eochairsg. 73.6 .

as a richt

(1) out of one's proper form (condition, state): teit as a richt ar béluib sluagh (i.e. distorts himself in public, of a mountebank), Laws iv 354.5 Comm. ragaid cech oen ass a richt la uaill ┐ dimmus will leave his natural state (station ), RC xxvi 36 § 187 . airchinnech glan . . . fodlad dia manchaib co cert, | ní rucca as a richt let him not take them from their proper stations , Ériu iii 106 § 41a (Rule of Ailbe). téit cech duine ass a richt nā tabair tóeb fri hanmcharaid, i 218 § 2 . as edh rom ucc as mo riocht (i.e. that has made me a `geilt'), BS 38 y . mo chuimhne dochóidh a riucht, Irish Texts ii 78 § 1

(2) in late lit. as petrified phrase of set purpose, deliberately : goid do chennach asa riocht, Ó Héodhusa 175.15 . cor a n-aghaidh na fírinne asa riocht, 233.21 (a sin against the Holy Spirit). is le mailís ┐ le míorún as a riocht sheunaid . . . they deny with deliberate evil intent , Eochairsg. 88.20 .

i rricht co in such a way that, so that , of consequence: ceithre chuid . . . d'Éirinn . . . éinfhear dhíobh fa rí Mumhan | i rriocht gurab í an ceathrumhadh so that Munster is only a fourth part , Content. vi 48 . is amhlaidh do rinneadh somharbhtha é i rriocht nach féadfadh an bás d'fhagháil (sic . . . ut non mori posset), TSh. 3399 .

(c) in Bérla na f. person, individual : cia in richt rongiul a slechta (.i. cia in fer do lenfa a lorg), ZCP v 489 § 11 . Cf. ceall o n-eitcither cach richt `a church by which every form (i.e. condition) of person is refused', Laws v 118.2 , glossed .i. . . . cach richt duine, 120.13 , and see 4 recht.

ruchsaidhe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ruchsaidhe or dil.ie/35675

 

ind .i. rádh mairbh no briathar mairbh , O'Cl.

sádud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sádud or dil.ie/35875

 

Forms: sáthud, sáthadh, sádhadh

u m. vn. of sáidid. Later sáthud. sáthadh, sádhadh, IGT Verbs § 71 .

(a) act of fixing, planting, erecting : a ceand gacha cuaille . . . iar na sádha[d], Laws iv 76.26 Comm . cétna duine lér togbadh coirthi cloch . . . do ṡádha[d] a coicrich, Cóir Anm. 15 . ac sadad mandrach dia lóegoib `building huts', RC xv 468 ( Dinds. 67 ). ic s.¤ a crúi `in planting the stakes of her cattle-pen', Metr. Dinds. iii 376 .

(b) act of thrusting, a thrust : sesca cló . . . do sháthud ina chend, PH 1236 . D. . . . do marbadh . . . d'en sathadh do sgin, AU iii 294.31 . d'en sathaidh, 584.3 . ro chuir fograinne na slege etir in dá abra, ┐ tuccustar sáthad ar in sleig isin suil, Mer. Uil. 73 . sádhadh deilg . . . | i n-áladh, DDána 79.2 . sathudh sanntach sleghi, ZCP vi 34.30 . go gnáthuigeadh an damh sathadh to gore, Exodus xxi 36 . tráigh anar áontuigheadar an lung dho sathamh, Acts xxii 39 . cuaille . . . do sháthadh tré mheidhe gach mairbh , Keat. i 202.23 . má bheir sathadh air `if he thrust him', Numbers xxxv 20 . amhuil duine arna sháthad thríd, Psalms lxxxix 10 . ba sádhudh dá c[h]loch ndílend (of the impact of two warriors), ML² 1904 . pl. tucsat tri saiti . . . ar Dunlang, Cog. 182.z . tucsatar sati santacha . . . da cele, 184.13 . badh daingean na deagh-sháite, CRR² 40 . tug trí sháthadh don tsleigh . . . air, TSh. 1003 . re sáitibh cloidhimh `piercings', Proverbs xii 18 . Fig. don ógbhaidh mar shómpla dá sáthadh to urge them on (?), Hackett xl 71 . dá dteagasc 's dá sáitheadh, 137 .

scelparnach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. scelparnach or dil.ie/36401

 

n twanging of the strings of a musical instrument: sgealparnach le téadaibh searbha | 's go m-bainfeadh súd mairbh as uaigh, Tribes of Irel. 46.11 .

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