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baíd

Cite this: eDIL s.v. baíd or dil.ie/5168

 

Forms: búid, bóid, báid, baidi, robaíd, báidh, búidh, báid, buidsin

adj i Also búid, bóid, báid etc. baidi (: caīni), SR 484. robaíd (: croíb), LL 19135. báidh (: láimh), DDána 31.20 , (: thógbháil), 65.1 . búidh (:múir), 17.9 , (: ionrúin), Dánta Gr. 39.3 .

(a) fond, affectionate, tender, partial, devoted. Freq. of persons: mathair boed bronach, AU i 248.3 (an. 778 ). ar do maithir Mairi mbaid (: gaīth), Vita Br. 48 (mboid, MS.). do baídathair baíd, LL 18497. a gillai bic buíd, 18555 . ben bōidh, TBC-I¹ 2682 (= baíd, LL 10746 ). ba buid fri haígedaib, RC xii 336 § 26. tréad báidh dar bheatha an bhochta (of the monks of Dún na nGall), DDána 81.18 . búidh ana oibreachaibh (= clemens), ITS xix 112.3 .

In other applications: ní boíd ind imbert moithchulióin sin, LU 5700. laegh bo baidi, Cog. 92.11 . Cf. IT i 124.10 (TE). i mBeithil bóid, AFM ii 674.9 . do nocht an Coimdhe a chneas búidh, DDána 31.19 . seanmóir bhúidh, 20.21 . breath báidh partial judgement, 31.20 (cf. báid). a cholaim bhúidh, Measgra D. 57.14 . maille re sasadh buidh inntinde, Smaointe B. Chr. 1876. gér bhúigh a fuighle (of the Suir), Keat. Poems 1517. Adv. co báid , SR 453. co buidh banamail, TTebe 3594 .

(b) pitiful, touching: is bōedh ┐ is trógh lim-sa suut, Cáin Ad. 8. Compar. nī acatar nī bad bāidiu nā bad trōighiu lēo, 7 .

As subst. ? Teothota in baidsin (: maīthsin), Fél. Aug. 2 (buaid sin, buidsin, v.ll.).

Compds. With noun: a bāidhathair (of Deity), Ériu iii 30 § 17. regasa latt, a báidathair, LL 37260. Fiacha . . . / búidhghein Berbha `lucky offspring', Leb. Cert.² 166.3 (buaid-, v.l.). ro nert a mbe boidgeana, Blathm. 253 (boídgenae, ed.; `loving, smiling mother'). ar belaibh a boidhmhathar, ibid. With adj. a eaglas bhláith bhúidhiodhan, DDána 122.3 .

Cf. 1 báeth. See boidmís ?.

Déclán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Déclán or dil.ie/14956
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: Declán, Declan, Decclan, Deglan, Declain, Decclain

o, npr. m. Bishop of Ard Mór in the Dési of Munster; son of Erc mac Macniad, Mart. Don. July 24 . —Son of Indros, brother of Ochda BB 68 b 12 . Son of Ernbrann, ib. 218 b 27 . LL 348 e 52 . Son of Ross, ib. nom. Declán: D.¤ Arde Móri mac Ernbraind nó Declan mac Rosa, LL 348 e 52 . Sanctus Declán, 366 c 26 . Declan: a Hére táthut cenn céit míle D.¤ Arde Máre, Fél. July 24 . D.¤ Airddi Mairi , Rawl. 91 b 28 . Declan Patric na nDéise, Thes. ii 297. 5 . BB 68 b 12 . 218 b 27 . Mart. Don. July 24 , Jan. 6 . Decclan: Mart. Don. July 24 . Deglan: D.¤ tuc in segal, Fél. 112. 5 f.b. gen. episcoporum...Dagani Eogeni Declani Carthani , Stowe Missal ( Thes. ii 284. 26 ). Declain: Berchan mac D., LL 351 g 9 . Rawl. 92 f 37 . 93 a 14 . 93 b 37 . Decclain, Mart. Don. Jan. 6 , July 24 . In nom. loci: Tech ṅDeclaín: isé a ferand T. ṅD., LL 318 a 55 . Rawl. 127 a 10 . Lec. 216 . 274 . dat. in Déisi oc Declan co bráth, Thes. ii 297. 5 .—c = gg.

gainithir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gainithir or dil.ie/25186
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: genither, genethar, geniter, genetar, gignither, gignethar, gigne, gignidh, gignathar, gignis, gēntar, gignitir, gentair, gein, rogeinset, ro-genset, genfed

v Conjug. (1) In O.I. and gen. in Early Mid. Ir. deponent. See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 533 . Further : pres. ind. 3 s. genither Laws iv 38.14 . rel. genethar, Corm. Y 1224 . pl. geniter, LU 3477 . nad genetar , 701 . fut. 3 s. gignither, Three Hom. 98 (LB). nochon gignethar (s.l.), AFM 472 . gigne, TBC-LL¹ 4015 . gignidh, Anecd. ii 8.23 . rel. gignathar, Ériu iii 137.20 . gignis, LL 380b47 . gēntar, ZCP viii 113.16 . pl. gignitir RC xxvi 48.255 . gentair, LL 147a39 . (2) In Mid. and early Mod. Ir. active forms with the stem gein (gen) are frequent. See below. Further: pret. 1 s. (?) geinsiu, FB 22 ( LU 8287 ) but see ZCP xxiv 237 . 3 p. rogeinset, Rawl. 70a5 . ro-genset, PH 7060 . do gheansadar, Celtica xvi 75 § 3 . sec. fut. rel. 35 . no genfed , LU 4261 . vn. 1 gein, q.v.

I Intrans.

(a) comes to life, is born : is hé Crist rogenir, Wb. 11a17 . corogenar sa ... triut su, Ml. 44c11 . nogigne[d] (gl. nascebatur), Sg. 138b1 . 31a6 . annogenad (gl. nascente), Enchir. Aug. Aug. 81b ( ZCP vii 483.34 ). génair Patraicc i Nemthur, Hymns ii 1 ; vi 26 . Rí rogenair imBetheil, SR 7522 . gigned i flaith Ochtauein, 7524 . tuiregin ... .i. gein ngenethár ┐ a dā chois riam, Corm. Y 1224 . in Tarso C. ro-genir, PH 1648 . in berla i-n ro-genamar, 5380 . as amram rogénair, Fél. Sept. 24 . co rogentea-su in n-uair genemna do ríg, PRIA iii 546 § 7 ( LL 147a8 ). géntair amal turcu `they will breed like wild boars,' 550 § 32 . rogēner co ndechaid dochum neime, BColm. 4.19 . a comainm in lae cétna geinfis in gein, RC vi 175.57 . cuirp na ndaine ... genit ┐ tusmitir, xxv 252 § 37 . mac gheinis inocht, Anecd. ii 1.9 . ōn lo ro ghenis a huigh, Anecd. i 25.10 . Tāilcend gignid 'na ré, ZCP xii 238.3 . flaith fial ... nochon gignethair, AFM i 472.16 . Níor ghein úr eile mar í, A. Ó Dálaigh ii 7 . gur ghein eo na dtrí dtobar, Dán Dé xii 4 . geintear piasda i ndeilbh dhuine, TD 4.26 . is procreated : curo genir Abel mac Adhaim eatura, D IV 2, 42vb36 . Cf. in mac gēntar ūatha ar áen, ZCP viii 113.16 . With prep. ó is born from, springs from, descends from : intan gainethar hon mathir, Ml. 44a11 . dun genim rongenair-som hua athir, 85b11 . ó oínsíl rogénartar (leg. rogénatar ?) da macc de, Wb. 4c12 . SG 84.1 ( LU 4261 ). Críst ó Mairi ... gēnair, Fél. Dec. 25 . na huli chenela ro-genset o thri maccu Noe, PH 7060 . cia ór' genis, RC xxiii 406 § 16 . mormenma na fer mor or-geinis, TTebe 1114 . Breathnaigh uile ... uaidh ... rogheinsiodar, Keat. i 186.23 (poem). With de : Ionan ... dia roghenedar Greic, Auraic. 176.

(b) With extension of meaning : is produced, is derived, is formed, arises, originates : nicon gainedar (sic leg.) ní ó thucidib écsamlib, Thes. ii 5.30 ( Acr. 12b ) inna ṅdobriathar ... huaṅgainetar comparaiti, Sg. 39a26 . ranic maige mós nad genetar ciuil (Amra CC.) with gl. .i. inid bes nemgenemain ceol sed sunt semper in se, RC xx 174 § 36 ( LU 701 ). genithir tri coire in cach duine, Anecd. v 24.5 . fo miad grian genither `according to the size of the land it (i.e. the cumal) is produced,' Laws iv 38.14 (`the land is graded (?),' Stud. in E. Ir. Law 143 ). it ē ... fodlai genethar ó ainmnit, ZCP iii 25.9 . ib. 23 . Is si tra cland gainethar on dualaich so, Ériu vii 138.12 ; 160.19 ; 164.29 ; 174.5 . fuacht a n-agaidh gignithir, Ériu vii 197 x ; `cold will spring up in one's face,' ib. 5.9 . gignithir breo a muig Breg, LB 220 (marg. inf.) . in cu hoband ro-gein in rédlu?, PH 6977 . in ball-sin in ro-gein in galar the member in which the disease originated, 4225 . an bás do ghein a truailleadh an chraois, TSh. 2487 . an céolchuire fár ghin goimh, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 14 § 2 . ge ra gin coll cana Cathaeir, Ériu x 83 § 64 . Of a tree, wood, lake, river, etc. springs up, springs forth : as innte (i.e. san oidhche sin) ro-ghenisiod crainn thoraidh tré thalmhain i n-Eirinn, ML 94.21 ; 96.12 . Eo Mugna ... rogein a talmain, Ériu x 82 § 55 . nir genar fiodh ann riam `no tree ever grew there,' CS 8.5 . genid buindi asin talmain, ZCP xiii 26.11 . genid tipra and, Metr. Dinds. iii 326.35 . loch geinfes a sruthar na Slaine, RC xv 429 § 6 ( Dinds. 40 ).

II Trans. and active (a later usage).

(a) begets, procreates : (Crist) mar nar geineadh e fein o einneach is mar sin nar gein se nech, ITS xix 54.19 , 20 . an fheis ... dār geined Bē-binn, ZCP xiii 18.27 . go raibhe Z. balbh an tan do geineadh Eóin leis, TSh. 8692 . Eíst red athair, noch do ghin thú, Proverbs xxiii 22 . an té ghineas amadán, xvii 21 . níor geineadh, ní geinfidhear ... a samhail, TD 7.8 .

(b) conceives : as annsan oidhce cetna sin do geinedh an nech naomhtha ... i mbroinn a mhathar, BNnÉ 190.21 .

(c) produces, brings into being : cosnam Gaileoin gignis fích, LL 380b47 . geinter balsamum anorach uadha, Marco P. § 43 . genid na neithi millsi tochus ┐ bruth, Irish Texts v 80.2 . na biada genes fuil derg, 80.36 . geinter ... nesgóid ó'n gerradh sin (= quibus ... apostemata gignuntur), O'Gr. Cat. 272.14 . an tan chríochnuighthear an peacadh, geinidh sé an bás, TSh. 1496 . mar gheinter iómháigh ó dhuine ag féchain a sgathán, Ó Héodhusa 22.

III pret. 3 s. (3 p. occurs once in Ml. 90b12 ) is used with mad- (later ma-, mu-, mo-, mon-) as a stereotyped phrase in sense blessed (fortunate, happy) is. For exx. and usage see mad- (a weakened form of maith).

mad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mad or dil.ie/31224

 

Forms: ma-, mo-, mu-, man-, mad-génair, mad-génair, mod-, mon-

adv. (a weakened form of maith, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 272 , Thurn. Hdb. 230 ).

I Well, fortunately , used as prefix with prototonic vb.-form ( ni mad-bui, Ériu ii 3.4 ; ni ma-bi, YBL 140b23 , from subst. vb.); in Mid.Ir. final d is generally dropped after neg. before a consonant, and ma- often becomes mo- or mu-, cf. dag ocus fó . . . so is mo . . . anmanna sin do maith, LB 93 m. inf. ( Metr. Gl. 3 ); also man- before a vowel (or lenited f) or d ( ni man-ḟacamar, SR 1346 , cf. 1858 ). Lenites follg. consonant: mad-chin, LL 369 m. sup. ; ni ma-chualamar, Fél. 48.3 , cf. ní math d'ḟerus baíg ( = ní mad-ḟerus?), TBC-LL¹ 3963.

(a) in affirm. sent.: in rí cain . . . mad-génair ó Mairi he was happily born of M., Fél. Prol. 251. mad-genatar á thimthirthidi (= beatos appellat servientes), Ml. 90b12 . mad-bocht it was well reaped, Hy. v 29 ( .i. maith ro boinged, Comm. ). a máthair mad-chin i crí was well born, LL 369 marg. sup. ( Arch. Hib. i 365 ). mad-gab nāsad noibrainne well hath he entered the assembly of the holy host, Bruchst. i § 108 = mad-gabh, AFM 870 ; do ghabh, TFrag. 196. mad-deochaid a ṡenchass his story has spread far, Metr. Dinds. iii 450. madochód i n-echtra n-áin well I fared, 120 .

Rarely with cop.: Félix ba mad tuluid he came well, Fél. July 12 (maitulaid, maith t. v.l.), cf. O'Dav. 1240. ba mad ladsaid it was well you went, TBC-I¹ 823 = bá mád lodsaid, LU 5300.

Exceptionally as attrib. (in B. na f.): mad re n-irtar cond sceo colt happy he on whom raiment and food are bestowed, ZCP v 486 § 6.

(b) usually in neg. sent. With pres. tense: ní ma-teit du rigi rand (any poet who does not observe these rules) does ill to proceed to evolve stanzas, Auraic. 2121. n[i] ma tæt fort beolu (such language) comes ill from thy mouth, RC xiii 440 § 12. ní ma-ráidi in focal, SG 348.1 . in ro-álainn cen céill | ní mad-aicci gréin dia len (= woe betide the man he cleaves to), ZCP vii 268 § 3. With fut.: lasanais [leg. lasin aís?] ón . . . ní ma-ricfe (that plan) will not turn out well (?), TBC-I¹ 175.

Most commonly with pret. or perf. did not well to . . ., often = would that . . . had not . . . (= Lat. utinam ne). ni mad-airgenus flid would that I had not prepared a feast! TBC-I¹ 532. ni mad-lodmar dō, 290 = ni má l., LU. ní mad-biadsam ar cono, Triads 236. do chath . . . ni ma lott would that I had not gone to the battle! BS 38.10 . ni ma-lotar luan for fecht, AU i 529 n . ní má-rulaid Loegaire cosnam cirt curadmír, FB 71. ní ma-tulaid co Connachta, Ériu vi 150.5 = ma da luidh, IT iii 202.6 . ni ma-tulaigh [= tulaid] Donnbo bare, AU 758. ni ma-rucsam ar mbāire, | ni ma-lodmair sec[h] Lere, | ni mar-gabsamar Eogan, CS 827 , cf. AFM 826. ní ma-frith in fáth forúair ill-found was the cause, Metr. Dinds. iii 324. ni-mman-ḟacamar do gnúis would I had never seen thy face, SR 1858. ni man-dernais da ḟled d'Ultaib, a Ch.!, LL 268b43 = MU 44.30 . ni mon-decha[d] budeine do chath C. would I had not gone myself, ZCP vii 309.27 = ni ma ndechus, Reeves Adam. 274. ni-mmun-aicces int ardrath would that the high rath had never been seen! ZCP viii 264 § 23. Folld. by another neg. before the vb.: ni má . . . na tangabhair fer gach fir dúin you did ill not to come a man for each man of us, ZCP viii 219 § 17 (poem of late 10th cent.).

II The combination mad-génair (3 s. pret. of gainithir) `luckily was born' comes in Mid.Ir. to mean fortunate, happy (for transition of meaning cf. Fél. Prol. 251 , Ml. 90b12 quoted under I (a)); mad-génair>mod- (mo-, mon-) -génair (-génar), and is used alike with a sing. or pl. subj., at first folld. by a rel. clause, later regarded as a pure adj. and used with copula or in neuter sense folld. by DO; rarely with neg.

(a) modgenair doss-uc well for him who has taken her, IT ii1 176.3 (oppd. to: mairc dosn-uc). mogenair bias co ndegarliud, RC iv 256 § 26 ( LU 2487 ). mogenair no bíad i rricht na mbratán, LU 3088 ( SG 236.20 ). mogenair duine doni don tṡaegul neimni, ACL iii 221.20 . mogenair crístaidhe no comaillfe, ZCP viii 214.29 . moghenar tuath . . . bias ar cul in meic-sin, Lism. L. 1853. ciall . . . ocus cruth | mogénor dian suidhiughudh happy he who is so constituted, ZCP vii 268 § 3. moghéanar as duine di happy he who is one of hers, A. Ó Dálaigh xlviii 23 . mangenar gairmebhus Brenainn happy is he whom B. will call, BNnÉ 78 § 150. mongenear fuair a beannacht, ZCP viii 230 § 13.

(b) with copula: is moghenar theit in turus happy is he who goes on that journey, Lism. L. 1559. is mogenar aga mbeith an ridiri sin, ZCP vi 100.26 . is moghenur bes co ndeghbésaibh, RC xxviii 322 § 52. is mongenar rí ros-beir, SG 249.6 . corab mogenair ga mbí C.C. 'na chara, BCC § 82. bá madhngénar . . . do chluin ina cluin sidhe happy would the man be who heard what he hears, ZCP x 339 § 13. With neg. (in cheville): rus-frith deabhadh, ní moghenair unhappily , Duan. F. i 17.21 .

(c) with DO: mongenair don ḟairind attrebait i[t] tegdais-[s]iu, RC xxv 248 § 28 ( LU 2673 ). mogenar don tí bus ríarach dhó, Lism. L. 2012. mogenair duit ro hadlaiced issinn inudh it is well for thee that thou hast been buried, Acall. 2609 , cf. BNnÉ 192.31 . moghenar duit it bhethaidh, AFM ii 1046.6 (poem). is mongenar dod mathair . . . a hēg remut it is well for thy mother that she died before thee, Aen. 2708. ma mongenar do mac Dima 'n-a chill credlaig if D.'s son is blest, ZCP vii 309.28 .

Maire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Maire or dil.ie/31395

 

Forms: Muire, Máire

n , f., npr. (= Lat. Maria). Quantity of vowel shown by follg. rhymes: baile, Hy. vi 6 , Fél. Prol. 143 ; gaile, ib. Prol. 56 , Jan. 11 ; glaine, Jan. 6 ; gaire, Ep. 384. The name of the Virgin Mary in old relig. lit., later Muire, q.v. m.¤ Ingen, Fél. Prol. 129. macc Maire, Hy. i 1. siúr Maire máre, Fél. July 6 . maithgein Mairre (leg. Maire, :gaire), SR 2733. madgénair ó Mairi , Fél. Prol. 251. Cf. npr. m. Mael Maire (see 3 Mael). In Mod.Ir. with long vowel as npr. f.: Máire, IGT Dec. § 3.33 .

1 nocht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 nocht or dil.ie/33221
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: nocht, anocht

n night ; an early word, supplanted in general use by adaig and surviving only in the advbl. phrase i n-nocht tonight , later anocht. nocht .i. aidche, O'Dav. 1285. ?nácht dia, gl. nocte et die, Wb. 17d5 (by Ascoli referred doubtfully to this word). acher in gaíth innocht, Thes. ii 290.4 ( Sg. 112 m. ). ib. 291.3 ( Ml. Poems i 1 ). ad-condarcc ind nocht Mairi I saw this night (i.e. the night which is now over) Mary, Bethu Brigte 3 § 11 . toet chucum a ben hinnocht, IT i 145.8 . feraid for n-aigidacht innocht and, FB 66 = anocht, Eg. geinfidh do rí . . . inocht, Lism. L. 3345 . bid marb tussa anocht, PH 299. isin aidche anocht, 3003 . san oidhche anocht, TSh. 539. anochd féin this very night, Luke xii 20 . With ellipse of prep. (after a preceding vowel in verse): secht ṁbliadna lána o nocht from to-night, TFerbe 787 . rit ita ár súil uli nocht `on thee is all our hope to-night', Cog. 120.28 (leg. rit ita ár súil innocht?).

Compds. ¤adaig: gach nochtai[d]chi sceo dee every night and day, O'Dav. 1285. ¤colba night-bedpost i.e. bed, couch: ní ranaic nochtcholba nemda the heavenly rest, ZCP xiii 363.4 = Leb. Gab.(i) i 174.15 .

notlaic

Cite this: eDIL s.v. notlaic or dil.ie/33316

 

Forms: nolaig, notlac, nollac, notlaicc, nodlaig, nodlag

n f. (Lat. natalicia, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 204 ). n s. nolaig, Laws v 396. 25 Comm. g s. notlac, LL 22a55 . nollac, Laws iii 492.12 Comm. (phonetic). d s. ré notlaicc aird, Fél. Nov. 13 (nodlaig LB). Mod. nodlaig, g s. nodlag: na nodlaige, O'Gr. Cat. 594.41 (scribal entry of year 1733).

Christmas; Christmas day, either alone or in expression n.¤ mór great Christmas, in distinction from n.¤ becc (stéille) little Christmas (C. of the star), i.e. the Epiphany; in these expressions the adj. is often undeclined. Later n.¤ becc came to be used for the feast of the Circumcision (Jan. 1), as in the Book of Common Prayer (editions of 1608, 1702); the term Nodlaig Bheag is still current, being used in Munster of the Epiphany, in Connacht and Ulster of New Year's day. i n-obli casc ┐ notlaic (leg. notlac?) ┐ cheṅṅcigis, Thes. ii 254.18 ( Stowe M. 65b ). in notlaic . . . Críst ó Mairi . . . génair, Fél. Dec. 25. ciped laa forsa mbe notlaic mór nó notlaic stéille, Ériu ii 208 § 28 = notlaic mor .i. epifania Domini nó notlaic becc nó notlaic stelle, LB 203b52 (where the gloss is misplaced). día tairridi notlaic steild the day after Epiphany, Mon. Tall. 30 = an la d'eís epífania, Rule of Tallaght § 96a . ó nodlaig mhóir go féil Bríghde, Ériu i 80 § 10 (Leabhar Oiris). ó nodlaic mór co nodlaic becc, Cog. 112.14 . o nollaic co feil Brighdi, AU ii 362.16 (a. 1282) . adaig notlac mór, LL 22a55 . aidchi notlac moir, RC xvii 365.17 . aidhce nodlaic mór, AU 1056. ota aidchi notlaic mair co hiarnotlaic steill, ZCP xiii 28.8 (nodlug mor, notlac móir v.l.). go hoidhche nottlacc stell, Hugh Roe 18.21 (f. 5b) . fó nodlaicc mór, AFM vi 1988.13 . du. etir dí notlaic, Mon. Tall. 30. snechta mór eter dá notlaic, AU ii 290.22 . Meton. of a Christmas banquet: do chaith sé an nodluicc do roinnedh d'Aodh Buidhe, L. Chl. S. § 39.

1 ó

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ó or dil.ie/33364
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: ó, hó, oa, ua, ualailiu, ón(d), (h)uan(d), ón, ón, on, ón, hond, huand, ond, uandí, huand, onaib, honaib, huanaib, hunaib, óna, (h)uaim(m), óim, (h)uait, (h)uad, ood, ōd, ód, uad, huad, huadh, uada, uadha, uaid(h), uaidh, (h)uadi, úade, huade, uathi, uaithi, hude, (h)uain(n), huann, húan, uanni, huanni, ónni, onni, uann, uainn, úanna, (h)uaib, (h)uadib, uaidib, huaidib, úaidib, uadib, uaidib, uathib, uaithib, úathu, uathu, uathaibh, uatha, uatha, óm, ót, óa, ó, óa, ua, ó, , óa, ua, ó, hoa, hua, hua, ho, ondid, honid, onid

prep. leniting follg. consonant and governing dat.

Forms O.Ir. ó (o); hó (ho), usual form in Ml. oa, Sg. 4b1 . ua, 3b4 ; 112 ( Thes. ii 290.5 ), cf. huaitherrechtaigthib, 32b2 ; ualailiu, 25b12 .

With art.: sing. ón(d), (h)uan(d): ón bunud, Sg. 33b2 . ón chiunn, Wb. 22a17 . on deacht, 9d10 . ón spirut, 15a12 . hond airdbiu, Ml. 55b17 . huand imbud, 56b23 . uand aitherrech- taigthiu, Sg. 32b7 . (with pron. í) ond, 156a1 , 3 , b3 . uandí, 156b1 . huand, 156b2 .

pl. onaib, Sg. 44a3 . Enchir. Aug. 75b ( ZCP vii 482 ). honaib, Tur. 91 , 92 , 93 ( Thes. ii 491 ). Ml. 32b2 . huanaib, Sg. 33b8 . hunaib, 32b6 . hona fuathaib, Enchir. Aug. 76a ( ZCP vii 482 ). Mid.Ir. óna.

With pron. suff.: 1 s. (h)uaim(m). óim, Enchir. Aug. 75a ( ZCP vii 482 ), archaic. 2 s. (h)uait. 3 s m. (h)uad. ood, Cambr. 37 a ( Thes. ii 244.25 ); ? ōd ( ód v.l.), Trip. 238.21 (archaic forms). Mid.Ir. uad, huad. huadh, Hib. Min. 8.271 . uada, TBC-LL¹ 2251 , PH 841 , 908 , 2118 , 7636 , 7682 , 7782 , 8289 . uadha, 7722 . Later uaid(h), mod. uaidh. 3 s. f. (h)uadi. Mid.Ir. úade ( huade v.l.), Hy. v 36 ; uathi, uaithi. hude, Mon. Tall. 150.23 . 1 pl. (h)uain(n); huann, Wb. 4d9 . húan, BCr. 32b3 . uanni, Wb. 12a12 ; huanni, 5a7 ; ónni, 4b19 ; onni, Cambr. 38a ( Thes. ii 246.21 ). Mid.Ir. uann, uainn (uaind). úanna, Mon. Tall. 153.28 . 2 pl. (h)uaib. 3 pl. (h)uadib. uaidib, Wb. 24b29, 27d1, 31d18 . huaidib, Wb. 32a29 . úaidib, Bechbretha 62 § 23 . Mid.Ir. uadib, uaidib, uathib, uaithib; úathu, TBC-LL¹ 3557 , 5092 ; uathu, 3581 , 3630 , 5064 . uathaibh, uatha, Keat.; mod. uatha.

With poss. pron.: 1 s. óm; 2 s. ót (later often ód); 3 s. óa, ó (latter form common); 3 pl. óa; ua mbraithrib, Wb. 34a6 . In late Mid.Ir. -n- is often inserted before the poss. of the 3rd pers.: ó (= óa) , TBC-LL¹ 6159 = óna ó, H., Add.

With rel. pron.: óa n , ua n , ó n : hoa rícc, Wb. 5c16 . hua mbí, Tur. 10. hua n-erbirmis, Ml. 135d3 . hua ndirrudigeddar, Sg. 33a23 . ho n-eroimer, Ml. 17c7 . ho torgab, 32a23 . ó n-aidil- cnigthir, Hib. Min. 8. 245 . cia o-rb halachta, Lat. Lives 65.8 ( LB 62a22 ).

With cop. 3 s.: ondid, Wb. 12d23 . honid, Ml. 51c2 . Mid.Ir., onid, BColm. 32.25 .

In late Irish lenition is arbitrary in stereotyped phrases like: ó sin ale, see TD ii 264 n. § 36 . Occas. folld. by acc. pl. in Mid.Ir.: o marbu, PH 1073 , 1854 , etc.

In meaning, corresponds in general to Lat. a, ab or to the ablative case, in Glosses used to represent either. Hence by analogy after arbeir biuth = Lat. utitur: ho n-erberad biuth (gl. qua oratione sit usurus), Ml. 48a5 , cf. 48b12 . hua n-erbirmis biuth which we spent, 135d3 (gl. ex illo tempore quo degebamus [in Aegypto] `in which we lived'; the glossator perhaps mis- understood the Lat. construction). Cf. also Hib. Min. 13.438 : aranni arbar bith inn aesa dilmain on bethaid shuthain = eo quod scilicet vitâ aeternâ fruitur; `because the lawful people enjoy life everlasting', Meyer, but the construction is not clear. Similarly Enchir. Aug. 79b : ut ratione utatur (.i. o cheill).

I Denoting separation from (lit. or fig.), after vbs.

(a) of motion: tóiniud flatho ó róma[nib], Wb. 26a5 . eirg ón muicc ! get away from, IT i 104.13 , cf. do duit uaim be off! 214.19 . imreitís úathu ┐ chuccu to and fro from them, TBC-LL¹ 3557. na daíne claenus o t'aithnib who swerve from, PH 7303. atracht [Christ] . . . o marbu, 1854 . regaid cech n-olc uaib, 2102 . dochuáid úait in curathmír you have lost, FB 43. go rachadh a thir ┐ a dhúthaidh uaidh, ZCP ii 558.27 . Putting, sending, casting (away), etc.: léic uáit inna biada mílsi put away, Wb. 6c7 . ros-lá úad uli sent them all away, Mon. Tall. 23. sín in láimh uait stretch forth thy hand, Ériu iv 118.13 . focheird a adbena . . . úad, TBC-LL¹ 1076. sróna na n-ech . . . ac súgud grene ┐ gaíthe uathu ┐ chuccu exhaling and inhaling, 5064 .

(b) taking from: oc tabairt tana bó uait carrying off thy herd, IT i 101.24 . dia ructhar ar mna doera uand, TBC-LL¹ 1130 (= úan LU). co mbert a mac huaithi, ZCP viii 310.37 . dobered . . . búaid ṁbáire . . . ona tri cóictaib maccaem, TBC-LL¹ 971. cidh bé doberadh buaidh catha ona naimdib, Maund. 10.

(c) desisting, hindering: anad o pecdaib, PH 3455. in rí tairmisces a chloidem o fhuil (= qui prohibet . . . a sanguine), 4213 .

(d) preserving, delivering, etc.: condanfírianichthi úadib (sc. a peccatis nostris), Wb. 2d14 . dlegar do neuch a chongmail uadi to keep away from her, Mon. Tall. 14. dia coimet on índdirge, PH 1009. ros-glan Dia in tempul on uli élned, 2098 . ro saerait . . . o bas, 412 . ro thuaslaicset . . . popul na ngénnte o fhógnum hídal, 4565 . Similarly after adjs. denoting exemp- tion, etc.: bid slan tú o fholaid Christ `free from the enmity of C.', PH 803. isam nemchintach-sa o fhuil in duine noim, 3282 . Cf. is fáss ó comarbaib féin hí (the steading) is empty of its own inheritors, BColm. 78.14 .

II Origin, source from which someth. comes or is obtained:

(a) after copula or subst. vb., expressed or understood: is húad cach n-ecne all wisdom is from Him, Wb. 7c15 . rop saiget húan fri demnai, Hy. i 20. is ond nemud a n-incoimet `they are to be minded by the "nemedh"-person', Laws iv 180.20 . is eiric tairsce uadaib and `it is the fine . . . that is due from them for it', 138.8 Comm. ná bith fochunn uaimm fein dom aecṅduch let me give no cause to speak evil of me, Wb. 11c1 . gach lá saire er a fhuil cengul on eglais (= which the Church enjoins), PH 7373. na feich uilet uad asa faithchi which are due from him, Laws iv 28.15 Comm. After a noun: furóil serce ho Pool doib-som abundance of love from P., Wb. 14d30 . in fírinne hó hiris (= ex fide iustitia), 4d23 . gním uad feisin foir feisin action from himself on himself, Sg. 209b12 .

(b) after vbs. of motion: comma rí far ṅdígal huaim-se that vengeance for you may happen from me, Wb. 5d37 . ni fil uaidib som o nach ri (ónach ric LU) there is not one of them who cannot do it (lit. from whom it arrives not), TBC-LL¹ 684. ní tharnic úan do rád (= we failed to announce it), TBC-LL¹ 645. rangus ó Iruath 'na diaig (= Herod sent messengers after him), ZCP viii 115.1 .

(c) sending; bringing, taking : foídis E. techta úad fo Erind, IT i 118.32 . leig uait misi d'indsaigi na Teibi send me, TTebe 1025 . berar a n-imchumarcc huáib let a salutation be taken from you to them, Wb. 7b4 . ructha eipistil uad fon uli thalam, PH 1171. doberdis audpartai dosom ó Máolrúoin, Mon. Tall. 10.

(d) receiving, getting: in doínecht araróit som ónni which he hath assumed from us, Wb. 4b19 . ni hetus huaim fess ri fer, IT i 120.22 . fogebtís mor d'ulcc ona naimtiu, PH 4049. ros- cendaig on Iudaide had bought it from, 55 . With ellipse: is ail dona mnáib ind eoin ucut úatsiu the women would like to get those birds from you (= would like you to get them those birds), SCC 5. Analogous: cech bo . . . no-mbligtis da trian blechta d'immarcraid uadib, IT i 72.6 . forodamair guasachtu . . . o latrandaib, PH 1659.

(e) asking, desiring: ro thothlaigset fortacht o Dia, PH 6292 . dom íarraidh úam ar éládh asking me to elope, Ériu ix 4.40 . cid is ailicc dúib húam? what do ye desire of me? iv 140.5 .

(f) hearing, learning, etc.: amal bid o Dia rachlóithe, Wb. 24d21 . cech dírúais ro Columb ó chille cualammar that we have heard from Colum C., RC xx 258 ( ACC 64 ) = o Chollum Ch., LU 866. sochide rodá-scrib húan many have transcribed it from us, BCr. 32b3 . uadh do sgriobhadh i lleabraib it was written down from his teaching, ZCP viii 116 x . is áil a fhis uaib I wish to find out from you, PH 1067. indis do cách creitfes uait, 2395 .

(g) this is prob. the orig. sense after vbs. of giving. In later Mid.Ir. and in Mod.Ir. ó is commonly used with the reflex. pron. after such vbs. damadh leis righe an c[h]uiccidh . . . dobheradh d'eicsibh uado he would give it away to poets, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 v 93 § 21 . da tucadh duine cach uile festa uáidh, Maund. 181. tabraid dam in n-aiscid sin uaib, TTebe 3314 . an cath dobhéaridís uatha nó an braighde whether they should give battle or give hostages, Ériu i 81 § 14. Similarly after vbs. of saying: innis-[s]iu uait dam tell me, Ériu v 26.14 . inneosad uaim daoibh-se sain, Keat. ii 1645 (poem).

(h) to express derivation, descent: [regno] ondí as rex (gl. a rege), Sg. 156a1 . bid titio atinne ┐ titulus huadh ` titio' is a firebrand and `titulus' (is derived) from it, Hib. Min. 8.271 . is úadib Crist (= ex quibus [est] C. secundum carnem), Wb. 4c2 . madgénair ó Mairi , Fél. Prol. 251. in iat a tustige o ṅgenir? PH 2292. saíthi ór chin Ó Caímh from whom O'Keeffe has sprung, Ériu iv 218 § 26. Gaidel glas . . . o tat Gaidil, MacCarthy 288.1 . bid uad Heriu co brath Érin will be (inherited) by his posterity, RC xxiv 192.9 . is húait bias flaith for hÉirinn co bráth, ZCP viii 318.3 . Dondchad ní fil huad D. has left no posterity, 296.18 . dia mbad o Uib Neill . . . in rige if the king- dom were held by one of the O'Neills, Ériu v 232.11 .

(i) after vbs. of naming, calling, after, from: o máthair ro hainmniged (of Concobar mac Nessa), Ériu iv 22 § 1. do- bretha ainm fair o anmum in tsrotha, RC vi 177.110 . an t-én ceileabhrus do chách | uadh sloinnfidher é (i.e. he will be named Lonán from `lon' a blackbird), ZCP viii 109.22 . uait do gairmeadh ainm an taoisigh, Keat. Poems 1530.

(j) in sense hailing from, coming from: fer . . . on Antuaig a man of Antioch, PH 284. on Effis dam I am from Ephesus, 1058 . in sab . . . ó Óendruim, Fél. June 23 . in maccáin ó Bethil, Dec. 28. Occas. after titles: cing o Nuibie king of Nubia, ZCP vi 56.24 . iarla o Barbuicc earl of Warwick, 24.16 . (analogically) iarlacht o Bharbhuicc, ib. 4 .

(k) used with refl. pers. pron. on the part of; of oneself, of one's own accord : ni uaínn fesine ataam for tectiri (gl. non quod sufficientes simus cogitare aliquid a nobis), Wb. 15a13 , perh. rather to be referred to (c). huadib féissna . . . non ab alio , gl. per se [pati demonstrant], Sg. 144b1 . línaid [na dabcha] uatha fein fill of themselves, Maund. 18. osclaigid . . . na doirsi uathaib fein, RC xii 334.3 . Cf. méin mhaith uaibh- se gé do fhuair, | uaidh féin as uaisle flaith Fáil is noblest on his own account, Ir. Monthly 1919, 399.16 .

Analogous are the follg. exx. in which ó is used after an adj.: gebe duine deradh . . . nach fior uaim a raidhim, Rel. Celt. ii 292 y . amhnáirech uan aighed ort it is presumptuous of us to face thee, IGT Dec. ex. 1388. Cf. na daeine onab eolach leabur do legadh who know how to read (?), Maund. 117 (leg. donab?).

III Cause (closely akin to preceding): is o aicniud pectho doforchosalsam it is from (our) sinful nature that we have trans- gressed, Wb. 21b4 . is borb . . . cech duine on gentligecht `through paganism every one becomes rude', PH 725. is ó duthracht a menman badéin dochoid (= ductus voluntate animi), 4742 . relta . . . onid sorcha in bith, BColm. 32.25 . bid subach sind ma dubach ind on aithrigi I shall be happy if I am sorrowful through penitence, ACL iii 234 § 8. an duine chuimetus a run ona aithne de who keeps a secret because bidden to do so, Ériu v 128 § 31. dergfait cloidbe . . . beit úada gan maithius they will gain nothing thereby, ZCP iii 32.18 .

Of persons (regarded as cause of a certain state): cia orb halachta in chumal, Lat. Lives 65.8 . fá torrach uad fein í, TTebe 4800 . is imda ledartha ┐ cuirp tholla annso uadha (= he has left many mangled corpses), ZCP xiii 244.11 . an cúiger druadh . . . an cuigead uadh dob ḟuigleach the province was left a remnant by them, Ériu iv 222 § 38. gan fear 'na bheathaidh aguinne ó Chonn is óa thriathaib, ML 38.2 .

IV Material from which someth. is made: dorigéni Dia corp duini ó ilballaib, Wb. 12a29 . ainmidhi cumuscdha ó dhuine ┐ ó tharb (of the Minotaur), ZCP iv 239.3 . To this head belongs the idiomatic use of do-airissethar with ó = consists of (in), prob. an imitation of Lat. consistere, constare with abl.: is hi ernaigthe thairises ón airem rúnda (= oratio consistens consecrato numero), PH 8026. in tíí tairises . . . o dib n-aicen- taib .i. hon doenacht ┐ o diadacht, 6782 ; cf. 7091 . co tarsidar o .x. tetaib (the harp) consists of ten strings, Hib. Min. 1.20 , cf. 2.25 . is on deda-sa immefolangar cach dune findbathach (= de his duobus beatus homo efficitur), 13.432 . Analogous: o thochaiter . . . in bliadain uile o chóic lathib sescait [leg. -at] ar tri cetaib (= per trecentos . . . dies annus ducitur), PH 4934.

V Instrument :

(a) in strict sense: a n-asberthar ho giun what is uttered by mouth, Wb. 5d14 . ni labrátar uili ó ilbélrib all do not speak with many tongues, 12b22 . in sians ondid accobor limsa ícc cáich by which I wish to save every one, 12d23 , cf. 5c16 . arnaib gnimaib són dungniat som honaib ballaib hisin which they do with those members, Ml. 56b3 . combad ó lémum [léimim] dochúatár . . . tairse by leaping, FB 88. timchillid in coimdiu in cuthi o níul, PH 1223. in tíí rot-biath sib o maind nemda, 2825 . comba soleir duit o shuilib corpardha he, ZCP iv 384.10 . do chomarthaigh ó comhartha na croiche . . . é féin, BNnÉ 275 § 257. ros-eitseat o eirreadaibh dereoilibh clad themselves in wretched garments, CCath. 1073. ro ghabus oca cendsugud o briathraib áilghinaib, Ériu v 148.36 . la- brastar o bérlu aiṅglecdha, Ériu ii 100 § 7.

(b) after vbs. of filling, satisfying and kindred adjs.: in tí nach sástar o brethir Dé, PH 8381. ro línais mo meis o cech maith, 1359 . lan o rath in spiruta noim, 2258 . saithech o began satisfied with little, Ériu v 128.1 . coimlinta o dhaoinibh, Fl. Earls 258.2 .

(c) in adverbial expressions denoting way, manner, atten- dant circumstances: o nach mud etir (gl. omni modo), Sg. 25b11 . o tri modaib ordaigther in sollamainsea, PH 3600. o béss saegulla in secular fashion, Trip. 80.24 . munat ón chéill-si adeirthear in this sense, IGT Introd. § 28. gan shunnradh . . . ó shunnradh in an indefinite sense . . . in a definite one, § 73. as leó o cert an tsealb theirs by right, Leb. Gab.(i) i 254 n. 1 . go bhfuil agam ó dhligheadh . . . léim thar uimhir éigcinnte that I have a right to skip, Content. vi 86 . Rendering a Latin ablative: atbēla ō bhās, ITS xxxiv 58 § 29 (morte morieris, Gen. ii 17 ). na ro aiplium o thircur, ITS xxxiv 66 § 31 (ne forte moriamur, Gen. iii 3 ).

VI Agent (an extension of II):

(a) with passive vb.: cf. Enchir. Aug. 75a ( ZCP vii 482 ): quaestio . . . mihi (.i. dativus .i. óim) enodanda. amal non-nertar-ni ho dia, Wb. 14b13 . intí on gontar nech by whom some one is slain, Ériu iii 140.182 . tinólfaider uanni a muster will be made by us, CRR 22 (p. 32.6) . coro gabad o Iúdaidib ┐ coro crochad o míledu, PH 2363. cethri cinid . . . ó ngabtha rigi in domain, Ériu iv 174.5 . forfemdeass o neoch . . . techt 'na adhuicch none was able to oppose him, RC xiii 8.7 . ro forcóngradh ó Ṡenchan for filedaibh Erenn, ACL iii 4.21 .

Similarly with part. and participial adj.: adib scripthi-si ón spirut ye are written by the Spirit, Wb. 15a12 . ba hada- mraigthi . . . he ona hapstalu admired by, PH 685. Cf. also: peacadh Mhuire . . . ro ba ghlan uile ón Fhíréan, A. Ó Dálaigh li 10 (= ro ba ghlanta). mar tá tú uainne `the state I have brought Thee to', Dán Dé xviii 11.

(b) after verbal and kindred nouns (a later use than that of DO, the prep. commonly employed in Mid.Ir.): adrad in Maic óna trí druídib, Ériu ii 198.20 . arna rád ó tri húgdaraib, BColm. 2.11 . bás Anmchadha . . . ó Mhathghamhna, Ériu i 102.4 . trí conganta na nguthaidhe ó chonnsuinibh three cases in which vowels are reinforced by consonants, IGT Introd. § 18. gním an cét laí on dúilem, RC xxiv 372.10 . ata i cúibrech o ainglib Dé is held in chains by, PH 2038. a dhochar ón drochshaoghal `his sufferings from the cruel world', Dán Dé iv 12 .

VII In partitive sense, generally after an indef. or demonstr. pron. or numeral; in early Ir. only before pronouns, DE being used before subst. la nech huáin any one of us, Wb. 6b20 . cách uáib, 25a34 . rann uáibsi, 14c15 . is aen uaib nom- braithfi-sea, PH 2372. dias uaib two of you, Ériu i 118 § 10. cechtar bhuaind both of us, ZCP xiii 232.15 . antí bus coscrach uaib whichever of you conquers, TTebe 4392 . gibé uaibh lén háil coinntinn, Content. xxviii 59. tuarustal . . . da gach en- brucchaid uathaibh, ZCP viii 116 § 15. cethrar o marcachaib, Anecd. i 10.5 .

VIII Used with a noun to limit or define the application of a preceding adj. or noun:

(a) in respect of, with regard to , gen. after adj.: basa iudide ó écosc . . . nipsa iudide ó béssaib a Jew in appearance . . . a Jew in customs, Wb. 10d34 , 35 . marb hó thoil cholno dead as to the desire of the flesh, 19a17 . it hǽ ata dirgi ho chridiu upright in heart, Ml. 56a20 . cennais o menmain ┐ o fordreich, PH 1974. ba genmnaid o curp he, RC xii 334 z . do bhí . . . láidir ó bhríoghaibh, ITS xvi 2.20 . ro ócc o aeis too young in years, BCC § 63. gerb fada C.C. uatha ó corp . . . do bi sé faríu ó spiraid far from them in body . . . with them in spirit, § 274. cách fria chárus ó [oa, v.l.] thaig | inna árus ard-oenaig `each in due order by rank', Metr. Dinds. iv 150 y (`the house he lived in marked his social standing,' note). Cf. iii 368.41 : Medb ropo thúalnge ó [oa, v.l.] thaig = who was competent by virtue of her rank, descent? Similarly after a vb. or vn.: nech immaruimdethar o banscáil `who transgresses in respect of a woman', Ériu vii 140.1 . ar comaitecht do neuch o pecad `for accompanying someone in a sin', Mon. Tall. § 41. serc De o huilib nerttaib, o chridhi, o gnim, ACL iii 312 § 1. In the follg. exx. the primary sense is locative: don leith ó tír on the land side, CCath. 1740. do leth ón muir, from the sea side, 1909 .

(b) about, concerning : don badbscel ro innis o chelib the tragic tale he told of his companions, FB 70. nídat fíra na scéla sin on fhir út, PH 2668. ná rab tathmet o Blathmac that there should be no memory of B., BColm. 20.10 . nirb ail léo labairt o maith to speak of good, Aisl. Tond. 114 § 2. gan (ó bheith aige) . . . gan (ó bheith na égmhais) `gan' [= O.Ir. ocon] of what one has . . . `gan' [= O.Ir. cen] of what one is without, IGT Introd. § 67.

IX Used of distance (in time, space or order), to denote the initial point of measurement.

(a) of time: ó thossuch from the beginning, Wb. 7b11 . huand uair nundabertatar filistindi from the time the Philistines carried it off, Ml. 82d9 . ón challaind co alaili, Fél. Prol. 325. ón chind bliadna ca chéile from one end of the year to the other, CRR 11. ó luan taite ṡamna co taite n-imbuilc, TBC-LL¹ 2900. in cóicatmad laa o dómnach na hesergi, PH 5414. o Adam co tanic Christ, 3665 . niconfacae óa gein gusan aidchi sin, Mon. Tall. § 67. ni ro gab nech aili rigi nErenn o Niall ille from (the time of) N. on, RC xxiv 202.11 . So in a number of stereotyped expressions: ó chéin long ago, ó chianaib, ó sin (ṡin) amach (anall, ille) from that time forth, ón tráth-sa.

Rarely used to express duration of time: ataat alai[li] feid- ligte ho aimsir who endure awhile, Ml. 21d4 (= ad tempus aliquos manere). ex parte .i. o aimsir bicc . . . .i. tempore tantum , Wb. 5c2 . not-cloifither anosa ┐ scērthar frit do cumachtu . . . o chéin `for long', PH 3890 (elsewhere in PH ó chéin = long ago; a mistake for co cian?). Of point of time: olaili laithiu (= in die quadam), Lat. Lives 16.13 . olailiu domnuch, 17.10 (= olaili laithi, Trip. 124.16 ; olaili domnach, ib. 7 ).

(b) space: noí n-imdada ó thenid co fraigid, FB 2 ( LU 8051 ). ó ó go erboll, TBC-LL¹ 6159. is cían uait airm in-das-fil, 884 . téora fuithairbi on tig, FB 20. mile ceimenn seachtair o ballaigip na Romha, Fl. Earls 194.16 . atá flaith adamra fri gnúis do gnúis dóib úathib sáerdes south-east of them (lit. from them south-eastwards), FA 5. is fada daine ┐ cathracha buain [= uain], ZCP vi 293.10 . In later Mid.Ir. ó is replaced to a great extent by óthá, q.v.

(b 2) 3 sg. m./n. as adv. since, hence : teora bliadna ūadh, ZCP v 501.w . truagh mo chur i gcolainn ’s gan dul uadh go hinnill 'sad is my incarnation unless I go hence safely' Ir. Syll. Poetry 35 § 11 , Celtica iii 336 n. 4 .

(c) of series of other kinds: ro hinnisidh a scélu o thus co derith, IT i 128.10 . cech olc dogné nech o bic co mor, PH 6432 . réalt is mo shoillsigheas . . . on ghealaigh amach (i.e. next to the moon), Corp. Astron. 80.27 . idir dhéirc . . . urnuighthe aifreann is gach deighghníomh oile ó shoin amach all other good works besides, Keat. iii 3040.

(d) with reflex. pron. after vbs. of seeing, viewing, at (an indefinite) distance from oneself: adchonnairc uadha an dabach he saw before him, Ériu iii 156 x . docunncadur longa uadha furan muir, ZCP vi 294.15 . tiagam . . . do deiscin uainn for fertais Locha E., TBC-LL¹ 602. o thuc aichne air uada when he had recognized him some way off, TTebe 3299 . ba ler disi tochim na sluag uaithi she could clearly see the hosts advancing, 2649 . dochonnarc uaim . . . maighdean, Keat. Poems 410. Similarly after a noun: tecoscis in gilla dó Ulaid ar cach leth úad pointed out (the places in) Ulster on every side, TBC-LL¹ 1212. na maic sin a hÉrnaib úan from the distant Erainn, Metr. Dinds. iii 70.57 . dochonncadar . . . ar chnocaibh uathaibh iad on hills in the distance, ML 62.10 . a léine as leascc leam húaim `his tunic I am loth to behold', KMMisc. 348.9 .

X After noun or vb. expressing want,

(a) of the person needing (an extension of I): nad rabi ní ba esbaid úad that he lacked nothing, FB 4. comtis failtigide [sic leg.] d'fagbail [sic leg.] stelli a hesbaid uathib that they might rejoice the more to find the star because it had disappeared from them, PH 7013. nach tessta do treigib rigachta uadha that he lacked no royal characteristics, RC x 182.4 . In late lang. common after subst. vb.: atá ní uaim I am without; I want : ná bí uaim acht agam `be mine, keep not aloof', A. Ó Dálaigh l 17. biaidh uainne go bráth ag Íor tús ar gcreach we have forfeited for ever to I. the leadership of our raids, Content. xxviii 31. isin laithe . . . in badh móo ro baoi úaidhibh for chalma do dhenomh when they had most need to show valour, Hugh Roe 316.19 (f. 82b) . an ni a bhios uaidhe d'faghail, Luc. Fid. 200.6 . Cf. cia hé an duine . . . do rachadh gan ádhbhar mor uaidh air gusan áit a mbiadh pláigh? without strong reason for it, Mac Aingil 211.8 .

In follg. exx. the prep. is equivalent to the dat. incommodi: duine . . . óna bhfuair moran da cairdib . . . bās many of whose friends had died, BCC § 109. in airdríghan ro bo marbh uadha féin whom he had lost by death, CCath. 1454. gur leor uireas- bhadh Thuaithe R. .i. O Flannagáin do mharbhadh uatha the loss sustained by the T.R. through the fall of O'F., Maguires of F. § 17.

(b) rarely of the thing needed; this construction seems con- fined to the vb. adilcnigidir and may be an imitation of the Lat. constr. of egere, indigere with abl. ata coicthi ón aidilcnig- thir ecna ┐ latar na psalmb five things which the knowledge . . . of the psalms requires, Hib. Min. 8.245 . ni aidilcniget o nach airchisecht, Alex. 851 , cf. 849 . co ro aidilgniged Ísu o fortacht aingel (= indigebat adiutorio angelorum), PH 4841 , cf. 6256 .

1 rudrad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 rudrad or dil.ie/35695
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: rudra, rudartha, rudrada, rudart[h]a

n (? 2 ro + dúrad) u, m. occas. rudra. g s. rudartha. n p. rudrada; rudart[h]a, Laws v 314.8 . excessive delay ; lapse of legal right; prescriptive right, usucaption: rudrud .i. ro-dūradh, Corm. Y 1089 . rudrad [ruradh v.l.] .i. ro-dura[d] .i. beith co foda for ferann comaidhtech, O'Dav. 1355 . rudrad .i. ro-duradh .i. anadh fota for tír nach aile, H 3.18 p. 73 ( O'Curry 119 ). inann rudradh re rādh ┐ ro-tairisisium, H 3.18 p. 286 ( O'Curry 575 ). dechmad fri rudrad a ten-day period of grace on account of an excessive delay Celtica x 44 . senchathraig . . . imma roerad rudrad `old cities . . . wherein ownership has been acquired by long use', Fél. Prol. 206 . cen rudra im raind | d'óenaigib urgna `without long possession of a share in famous fairs', Metr. Dinds. iii 14 . Freq. in law-texts, in which different kinds of r.¤ are distinguished: ataat rudrad[a] māir ┐ bic. . . . Atte na rudrada mairi no miditar iar saeglaib na comorba iar n-áesaib techtaib .i. lxx no lxxx anni. . . . Is ann as rudrad o rosaigh co coiciur. . . . Ite na rudredui becci toimditar fri bliada[i]n ┐ mís ┐ laithe, ZCP xii 363.15 , 20 , 22 ( H 3.18 p. 9b ); i.e. `rudrada móra' are estimated by the normal length of a life-time, a rudrad extending to five lives, whereas `rudrada beca' are measured by year, month and day. ruthrod, ib. 27 . rudrad la coic saegail .i. . . . re rē cuicir, H 3.18 p. 229a ( O'Curry 417 ). atait secht rudart[h]a la Feine . . . rudrad ar aen-la, araile is r.¤ ar caegad bliadan, araile ni fil comus for a fot na for a ngairde, Laws v 314.8 (the follg. passage deals with the conditions under which the seven `rudrada' are determined). quorum si unus abesset non usucapio prodest .i. cidh bé do na cúic gneithibh testebhus uadha ní ba rudra do réir dlighidh tuaithe no eclaisi, H 3.17 c. 465 ( O'D. 625 ), i.e. usucapio does not hold either in civil or eccles. law if anything be lacking of the five life-times. aimsir rudartha gin fogurrudh, ib.