Search Results

Your search returned 14 result(s).

cacc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cacc or dil.ie/7526

 

Forms: cacca, cac

n g s. and n p. cacca. dung, excrement : cac a nomine cacon (κακόν) .i. malum uel dolum , Corm. Y 357 . c.¤ ina mbō, Ériu ii 22.2 . sluasad do ch.¤ each ┐ sluasad do ch.¤ con ┐ sluasad do ch.¤ duine, YBL 140a2 . combo buadartha in t-áth día ch.¤ , LU 6076 (TBC). a tri himett in chac(h)a ar son aithgina, Laws iv 122.18 Comm. issin otrach chacae for lar, IT i 265 § 25 note 1 . cac gabuir no coluim, Rosa Angl. 220.19 . púdar . . . caca con, O'Gr. Cat. 182.29 . ruter .i. cac gabhar, Ir. Gl. 1075 . cac an ghé, ZCP v 245.22 . In phrase: c.¤ fora enech, Críth G. 306 interpreted by glossators as the act of surrendering a refugee after receiving him in legal protection, note. cac ar enech (of a dishonoured man), Cóir Anm. 239 . As term of abuse: a ch.¤ cuirre, IT iii 102 § 189 ( Bruchst. i 36 § 86 ). a chac armaslaidh, 88 § 106 . a c[h]onu cacca, MacCongl. 23.26 .

cach, cech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cach, cech or dil.ie/7528
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cach, cech, cach, gach, gech, cacha, cecha, cacha, cecha, cacha, cecha, cacha, cecha, cach, cech

pronominal adj. prec. noun each, every, all , unstressed form of cách. See GOI 33 , 310 - 11 . In Wb. and Sg. usually cach. in Ml. cech ( cech, Wb. 1c18 , 2a22 , 3d30 , 4a2 , 5c20 (chech), 6b1 , 21a14 , 33c8 , 34a2 , Sg. 190a3 . cach, Ml. 19c1 , 22b1 , 24c9 , 35b10 , 51d3 , 92d12 , 111a5 etc.). In later lang. gach, see GOI 111 . gech, Celtica iv 28.396 . Not itself lenited ( GOI 141 ), but does not prevent mutation of follg. word. g s f. cacha, cecha (see below) geminates on evidence of later lang., GOI 151 . Follg. nasalization originating in neut. and a s. spreads to other grammatical contexts: amru cach n-ārmaig, SR (Greene) 3770 . ba amru cech n-ail, SR (Greene) 4513 . ba ferr cech ndáil, SR (Greene) 7125 . a mbreath gach nduine, TD 34.9 . gach n-oidhche, DDána 98.3 . See MU² xxxi .

Uninflected in sg. except g s f. cacha, cecha (below); rarely in other cases. g s n. drécht caich ceniúil, Wb. 5c3 . g s f. cecha cathrach, Ml. 53d6 . cecha soinmige, 56b22 . cacha frithare, 111a5 . cacha dúlo, Wb. 13b28 . cacha rainne, Sg. 26b9 . cacha áirme, 198a14 . cache oxile, Thes. ii 255.4 . cacha hairge, Anecd. i 1.9 ( SCano 9 ). cachae tremsi, Mon. Tall. 138.3 . gacha cairbhe, DDána 99.29 . gacha mēide, Fl. Earls 88.16 . a s f. doomlacht . . . ol nais caich mbleguin, AU i 188.8 . Later also cacha, cecha with other genders: cacha fechtais, BDD² 201 . cacha ráithi (sic MS.), Críth G. 179 . cacha lestair, Laws iv 192.9 . cecha carptig, CRR 38.x . cecha huilc, PH 6166 . gacha síodha, Aithd. D. 88.9 . ilimud cecha hairm, Stair Erc. 824 . For usage in class. verse cf. bean gach fhir, bean gacha fir .c. Fiafruigheam focal gach fear . . . .c. . . . gacha, ni .c. na dhíaigh achd táoibhréim úathaidh . . . meallam duine gacha fir, Bard. Synt. Tr. 24.9 ff. anam gach fhir, Dán Dé xxx 4 . do reactha rún gacha fir, Studies 1919, 258 § 19 .

In pl. somet. cacha, cecha, but also cach, cech: cecha dethidnea domundi all worldly cares, Wb. 3d30 . cacha cethri, ZCP xi 83 § 28 . tri (leg. fri ? edd.) cecha oina `towards every one', Ml. 56a20 . cecha soinmech gl. affluentiam rerum omnium, 91c12 . bendacht cecha bordgal (: ordan), Fél. Prol. 275 (leg. cech óen, Stokes Gloss., but see below). cacha leth, ZCP viii 307.26 . hi cacha bésaib `in all usages', Wb. 16a27 . hi cacha persanaib, Sg. 208a11 . Uninflected: sech cech ríga, Ml. 84b1 . ó cach tharmmorcnib `from all endings', Sg. 43a5 . cach iptha ┐ gach éle ┐ gach orthana, TBC-LL¹ 3639 . In follg. appar. with g pl. Note, however, absence of nasalization (see Bard. Synt. Tr. 24.9 ff. and cf. ciall iollraidh tá a ngach; dá dhearbhadh sin as .c. meallfad iad gach fear, Bard. Synt. Tr. 40. 3 ): for got cech meall do mellaib a dromai, BDD² 351 . fotha . . . cach imforran, RC xxiv 186.11 . go líon gcéad gach córughadh, DDána 74.17 . comhchruinnioghadh . . . gach ainchriosdaidheadh oile, Ó Héodhusa 33.3 .

In later lang. certain prepp. are modified before gach. See la, 1 do, i, tre and cf. leis gach bhfear, TD 9.26 .

I

(a) each, every, all : dognitis cech ndochrud and, Ml. 22a4 . is huaisliu cech duil, 25a1 . ar cech lau gl. in dies, 29a11 . hi cech dú gl. passim, 50c12 . im cech rét ru-n-ecat les, 57b4 . secech talmain, 84a2 (= sech cech). cech ṅdrochscél gl. omnis fabula, 86b3 . a cach duini gl. o homo omnis, Wb. 1c8 . foditiu cech imnid, 1c18 . fo bésad cech dachpreceptoro, 4a2 . do-feich cach n-olcc et mórid cach maith, 6a16 . is diamuin leiss cach thúare, 6b8 . i cach réit ro-hí a less gl. in omnibus bonis, 20c11 . os cech anmimm ainmnigther gl. super omne nomen, 21a14 . cach tenge gl. omnis lingua, 23c20 . cach gutae, Sg. 18a3 . do cach brethir, 161a1 . ciall cech muid, 190a3 . recachthuisiul, 210a8 . ducach belru, Thes. ii 226.23 . da gach bocht, Blathm. 40 . hi cinn cach thíre, ZCP xi 82 § 20 . etir cach salm deni trib cáocad sancte Michaol etc. , Mon. Tall. 130.24 . cech nderg . . . cach nua . . . cech ard everything red, etc., LU 3915 ( SCC 43 ). dicerint omne malum .i. cach nolc, ZCP viii 173.20 . cech saer noslēma, 110.29 . cach deisel is dī dacuas, ACL iii 237 § 26 . mar cach ndeiscipal acci, BColm. 56.9 . cluned huaim chech deag-duini, Ériu iii 196 § 16 . fuli cech anmae `the sins of every soul', 96 § 3 . du gach thir, Laws iv 162 n. in cech tīr, ZCP viii 109.4 . geall gach ḟir, IGT Decl. ex. 1308 . gach grádh riamh dá radas dise, Timth. viii 1918, 8 § 3 . saidhbir . . . o gech earnuil eisc, RC xlvi 226.7 . gach aimsir do-chuaidh thort, Corp. Astron. 6.6 . For phr. cach díriuch directly see díriuch, dírge.

(b) V. freq. in genitives of time, see bliadain, tan, tráth etc. and día, , GOI 159 .

(c) With uile (on follg. lenition see Bard. Synt. Tr. 95.11 ): do gach uili arm, Stair Erc. 1545 .

(d) For phr. cach aí each of them see 1 aí and cf. di cach di suidib immenetar `of each of them in turn', Ml. 26b20 . cech diib, 72b27 . cach diib, 114c15 . See cách (c).

(e) With follg. cardinal ( gach ┐ gach ré, .l. áireamh uathaidh nó iollraidh na mbéal, Bard. Synt. Tr. 40.2 ): i ngnimaib cech óin, Ml. 56c11 . cech oin, 68a13 . cach oén creitfess hí Christ, Wb. 4d21 . do c[ec]h óin bíth [hí] croi[ch], Tur. 136 . du cech óin dia chlaind, Ml. 133a10 . cech oin huaib, 34a3 . no sasadh cech naon, Blathm. 39 . cech n-ōen ronānaicc a less, ACL iii 2.4 . re cech oin salm, Ml. 2b4 . doaidlibem cech n-oin dliged, 14d5 . du cech oin erbirt biuth gl. ad ussús omnes, 128c2 . hi cech oinalaithe .i. cech dia gl. in dies singulos, 58d3 . nomen saindíles cach oenḟolaid, Sg. 28a16 . cach oinfolaid gl. pro uniuscuiusque rei, 200b4 . as gach éanaird, TD 8.11 . cech da son `two words apiece', Tur. 2 . cach di dúil, Sg. 3b8 . eter cach da asna, LU 8400 ( FB 27 ). iter cech dá dorus, BDD² 282 .

(f) With ordinal: gach treas baili, Acall. 1882 . cach nómad n-aidche, BDD² 174 . For phr. cachla every other, etc. see 1 aile, and cf. Zimmer KZ xxx 69 - 71 . Note also: cach ra n-úair . . . in n-úair aile, LU 2166 ( FA 24 ). cach ra fechtas, Rawl. 149b46 . gach dara lá, TSh. 7911 . For rules for use of gach ré in class. verse see Bard. Synt. Tr. 39 - 40 .

(g) With follg. abstr. noun: cach faicsi thiced d'aidchi ra étlaitis lucht a frestail the closer it came to nightfall, LL 268b24 . cech doimne noroisidh an t-adhnacul the deeper the grave reached, ZCP viii 560.22 . gach méad dob' inleighis d'a muinntir, Ériu i 90 § 39 . gach mēide rusmair `all who still lived', Fl. Earls 246.23 . gach fairsingi bias an dorus, is usuidi le dul amach, Rosa Angl. 44.11 . gac fad teit amach, Ir. Astr. Tr. 154.31 . gach līnmhaireacht aimsire however often, Fl. Earls 48.27 . Cf. gach réidhteach is fearr fhéadfadsa do dhéanamh leo dhéanad é, Maguires of F. 70 .

II

(a) Freq. after negatives, comparatives, and the conjunctions amail, mar in wider sense of all, any, any other : amal as n-esrantaid cech maith `is non-participant in any good', Ml. 31a12 . is duiliu lim cech rét m'anim, 55a4 . is suacbairi[u] indaas cech tír, 62b10 . fri tige cach n-aithech gl. nulla . . . discritio inter Templum tuum et priuata aedes..., 92d15 . as mou cech fortacht `greater than any help', 114b2 . is uaísliu cach ceítbuid córe gl. pax Christi, quae superat omnem sensum, Wb. 24b4 . ni torgaitha i cach caingin gl. ne quis . . . circumueniat in negotio fratrem suum, 25b5 . fisidhiu cech draoi `than any druid', Blathm. 7 . ní hinḟíadnaisi acht fri cach súaill trifling matters, Críth G. 35 . amail cach nduinorcnid `like any other homicide', Mon. Tall. 158.18 . mar cech n-ethait like any bird, LL 12717 . nī faictis cach conair notēigtis, ACL iii 224.35 . sir ní as tana ná gach tonn. IGT Decl. ex. 438 . can tsroin ac cach duine dib `not one of them has a nose', Maund. 175 . mar gach ainmidi `like any . . . beast', Stair Erc. 1909 .

(b) The form cech(a) cacha is freq. with follg. vb. (usually conj. or prot. form). The earliest sense is indef. whoever, whatever, whichever (see GOI 28 , 289 ). As accus. cosmail leiss cacha orr in cara fá æscara `whichever he may slay', Sg. 12b7 . cecha taibre, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 20.15 . ní dígbad ní dia uball cacha tomled de whatever he ate of it (all he ate of it ? See below), LU 10021 . cacha imlodmar cose / de bruig B. however much, Metr. Dinds. iii 204.49 . As nom. cech thucai `whoever gave it', Thes. ii 347.4 (Hy. v). ropo toil Dé cecham-theirb `whatever may vex(?) me', Murphy Lyrics 34.24 (cecham teirp, cach am teirb, gachum terb, MSS.); 'may whatever cuts me off/separates me be God's will' Celtica xxiii 36 n. 40 ; 'whatever hinders me be God's will' , Sages, Saints and Storytellers 316 § 24 . nír bo léir isin mballan cacha tuccad ind, Ériu v 116.43 . cech be dhe `whatever may come', Blathm. 108 § 3 . cach be da lin however numerous they be, Anecd. ii 31.20 . cach a raba di mét a thurse tired as he was, LU 9099 ( FB 85 ). cach a bé dim airddi, 9199 ( 92 ). Perh. also in cecip (indef.), see 1 cía B (e).

(c) Later in sense all that, that which (cf. 4 a). As accus. cecha ndernai do fertaib gl. a ndorigēnai, Thes. ii 338.2 (Hy. v). cacha ndénainn `of all I might do', Liad. and Cuir. 24.18 . adfiadatar . . . cechidepirt ind ingen friss, RC xi 442.7 . cacha ro-cesair, PH 1697 . ní áirmhim a leth nō a thrīan / gach a fūaras, ZCP viii 220.8 . cacha finnub-sa, TBC-LL¹ 5759 . 'ca cuimnechad do I. cach doronsad, TTebe 3895 . cacha bhfagbhaitis . . . a lamha, Lism. L. 1308 . gach nar ghabh all he captured, DDána 64.7 . gach ar léigis linn, 84.11 . gach a n-abrai-siu, ML² 478 . As nom. cecha marbt[h]ar dīobh 'sa ccath, ZCP viii 116.25 . gach a ccurthar ann, Párl. na mB. 1174 . cach a bfuil acat i tig, ACL iii 222.7 . gach ar mair `all that yet remained', Stair Erc. 2119 .

cairigid(ir)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cairigid(ir) or dil.ie/7925

 

Forms: cairiugud, cairigthi

v (caire) rebukes, accuses, blames : cairighim .i. cronaighim, O'Cl.

(a) With personal obj.: cairigid gl. hunc notate, Wb. 26b26 . corripis malum .i. na m[mi]tter .i. dia cairigther, 1c10 . co ro chairig side in clérech, LU 336 (ACC). ro cairiged-som ó Mani co garb aire-sin, TFerbe 112 . ro cairigh co mór uí Néill, ┐ ro imcáin for Finachta, RC xxvii 298 § 65 . in t-ī is áintech, cairiged in craessach, PH 5826 . an tráth do choirigh Partholón í, Keat. i 160.1 .

With DI, IMM, I N- introd. charge or accusation: cairigsi a menma Ailill don gnim sin dogéni, LU 10729 ( TE 6 ). níros cairgetár imó pecdaib, 2209 ( FA 28 ). ro chairigestar a muime co mór ind cuius rei causa . . . increpabat , Trip.² 146 . ar chaoi . . . nach cairighdis a chéle im na ciontaibh `vpbraide ech other of the faults', RSClára 101b .

(b) With word indicating crime, fault etc. as obj.: cairigthir gl. furor . . . notatur, Ml. 16c16 . ní chairigedar `does not blame it', 36a20 . c.¤ gl. notat vitium, 39 . is hed in so no chairigur i tossuch, Wb. 11d1 . araill tra cairigedar-som sunda `other things . . . which he blames here', 25b9 . cosced (cairiged, v.l.) indliged, Tec. Corm. 2.12 . With prep. FOR introd. accused: is aire chairigthir for Eōraip, Corp. Gen. 279 . 28 `darum wird Europa gerichtet werden', ZCP xiv 162 . cairighid A. fair fein inní sin, TE 6 Eg. ( IT i 121.11 ). cuireocha misi ort é i láthair go ndearnabhar claoinbhreith, Maguires of F. 18 .

Vn. cairiugud. Vbl. of necess. cairigthi.

cláen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cláen or dil.ie/9306
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: Cuilín

adj o, ā

I

(a) uneven, crooked, sloping; aslant, bending, stooped; curving, curved : dosroraind . . . cona deilg. Sīa īarom rosīacht a dealg ūaithe sair a bēlaib oldās dar a hais sīar. Is aire is clōen ind less, Corm. Y 502 . clóen ind ráth dind leith adiu, RC xiii 462 § 65 . in chuirn chláoin curved(?), IGT Decl. ex. 356 . a bheith claon nochar chás duid `its laying low troubled thee not' (of a severed head), PBocht 14.35 . ? Fig. mo chiall ata claon, Atlantis iv 180.31 .

(b) Freq. of hair waving (?) flowing (?): folt claon, DDána 96.33 . ciabh dhaghcruinn n-a cuaichleirg claoin, Magauran 1001 . is camarsach claon . . . / a carn-ḟolt, Keat. Poems 65 .

(c) Of eyes, squinting: Finan Cam . . . .i. cloen a rosc, Fél. 112.23 , Gorm. Apr. 7n. dā mac imleasan . . . ┐ sīat clǣna, TBC-I¹ 2612 . gura bhris in suil claein, MR 36.13 .

As epithet: a trian ro charsat Conall Cloen batis cloín cot acallaim, LL 13522 (Thurn., ZCP viii 72 ff. q.v., would translate hump-backed ). Conghal Caoch, no Claon, AFM an. 624 . co tard beach . . . a neim for mo leth-rosc-sa, gura claen mo ṡuil. Congal C. mo ainm ar sin, MR 34.12 . an Giolla claon Ua Ciardha, tigherna Coirpri, AFM ii 1092.11 .

(d) In moral sense, iniquitous, perverse, unjust, biassed: cil .i. claon no cutruma, O'Dav. 467 (? leg. écutrumma). nate ni clóin gl. (numquid iniquitas apud Deum?) Absit, Wb. 4c17 . in miscuis clóin, Ml. 46d10 . inna mbritheman cloin, 103b17 (brithem, MS.). adbar inna combartae cloine, 71c6 . is gó flatha do-ber sína saíba for tūatha clóena. ZCP xi 82 § 25 . scítha láma indrosc (sic leg.?) cloína unjust demands(?), LU 10884 (TE rhet.). ingena cloína Cain, LL 17437 . nírbat santa[ch] immun mbith / nō for ind nim (leg. indiub) chlóen, ACL iii 312 § 6 (indium, in nem, v.ll.). gan beith fa chomadaib claena `unjust conditions', MR 120.26 . freasdal a gcor gclaon `crooked wiles', Aithd. D. 52.3 . ainic nach claon do chathaoir `lest your poet's chair be partial', Content. v 186 .

(e) c.¤ fri (chum, do) prone to, inclined to: atá ar gcolann claon ré déanamh an uilc = prona est ad malum , TSh. 2916 . an drong beirthear faoi stiúradh na plainéide so bíd . . . geala, claon chum beith fionnchrothacha, Corp. Astron. 70.8 . biaidh an bhliadhain sin claon chum síothchána, 3 . na peacaidhe is mó d'a bhfuilmíd claon, nó tugtha, Donlevy 270.24 . atá sí laig-bhrígheach ┐ claon chum uilc, 210.26 .

(f) In metrics, uneven; without accordance, imperfect : is airi didiu asberar clōinrē, fobīth is clōen ma doberthar um nī, ūair it troma a trī oldati a dóu, ar it chōic dīalta fuilet a clōinré, amail rongab fīanamailechar, Corm. Y 447 (p. 37.21) . dunadh c.¤, amail ata . . . ar Muiri ┐ ar Martain (final line of a poem which began with `tangadar'. -tain does not adequately echo tan- therefore the conclusion is c.¤ or lochtach), IGT Met. Faults § 145 . áenghuthaighe is í fa dhó ... bidh cláen 'the same vowel occurring twice ... it will be incorrect', Celtica xxvii 58 § 3 . See also cláenaid and comardad (c).

Adv. in fer fodrácaib co claen the man who has left it crooked, uneven (of a house), LU 8391 ( FB 26 ) (opp. to co diriuch). is amlaidh ata Stodiaca gu claen ┐ an speir lan mor go direach, Ir. Astr. Tr. 126.13 . an tṡlat iarainn ṡaighes go claon `which goeth ouerthwart', RSClára 125a .

II As subst. o, m.

(a) stoop, slope, slant, inclination : sleagh do chur 'na chroidhe, / claon do bheith 'na bhrághaid (of Our Lord), Ir. Syll. Poetry 36 § 17 . do filleadh call tar a chláon, IGT Decl. ex. 910 . is binne donál na bhfaol / ná gach claon chuireas tú id ghuth (to a snoring bed-fellow) every twist(?), Measgra D. 5.24 . for c.¤ slanting, inclined : is for clóen in pars ochtarach for laim clii `the upper part is inclined on the left hand', Thes. ii 254.19 (Stowe M.).

(b) iniquity, obliquity, deception, injustice; perversion, error : inda leu som nis roissed imned na erchrae dogrés a soinmigi a cloinaib `though they are wicked', Ml. 39c34 (cf. Pedersen, ZCP ii 379 ). ara tintarrad ō chlóen / tūatha Hérenn do bethu `from iniquity', Thes. ii 314.1 ( Hy. ii 18 ). tír . . . / inná ráiter gó ná cloen, LU 3742 ( SCC 34 ). etarscara fri cach claen `severance from every obliquity', Laws v 118.7 . dia scarad fri clóen fri col, Metr. Dinds. ii 14.72 . ar cech óen ro chí / a chlóen for bith ché `his wrongdoing', Murphy Lyrics 27.6 = a chin, ACL iii 232 § 6 . bī-siu do rēir Chrīst cen claon, 313 § 9 . dia mbat rī bit rīghcerdach / ní oirdni nach claen, 314 § 30 . bothan derrit diamarda / do dilgud gach claoin, Ériu i 138.3 . ní bhí claon na cheirt-bhreathaibh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxi 9 . gan claon n-agra tar eolus `without partiality of argument in violation of fact', Content. viii 7 .

(c) Very common in names of metrical faults in the sense of any departure from the correct form: na lochta is coitc[h]eand teagaid in gach aisdi don dan .i. c.¤ comhardudh ┐ c.¤ uaitne ┐ ataid na claenreanda romhaind . . . ┐ c.¤ airmh[e] ┐ c.¤ airde ┐ c.¤ comhaimsearda ┐ c.¤ crichadh loc[h]tach ┐ dunadh loc[h]tach, IGT Met. Faults § 1 . trefhocul gan chlaen dona trí claenaib .i. c.¤ creiti .i. . . . c.¤ cuibdiusa . . . c.¤ ceille, O'Curry 1031 ( H 3.18, 433 ). Cf. cobfighe celli .i. co rob inunn ciall día nasneis o thosach co diaid in raind .i. na raib claen and, IT iii 30.7 . c.¤ áirme an irregularity in enumerating : c.¤ airmhi, amail ata . . . a tri no cuig no ceathair (because of the perversion of the natural order), IGT Met. Faults § 31 . c.¤ comardud a faulty internal rhyme: c.¤ comhardudh (leg. -daidh? Or claenchomhardadh? ed.), ann seo: Nocho n-oil agh ara orcur / re grain act ge cromthar ceann (i.e. the rhyme between agh and grain is faulty and it is the presence of the `i' in grain that makes it so), § 2 . c.¤ creitte error in the framework of the stanza: c.¤ creite i ndian oireng, amail ata: flaithe niamdha / daine sgiamda cland Conchobair. Lochtach sin, uair ní dleseadh focul beith edir sgiamdha ┐ Conc[h]obhor, § 39 . (On cláen creitte see Stud. Celt. ii 178 .) c.¤ cuibdiusa faulty end-rhyme: [trefhocul] can cloen cuibdiusa. Gabiam la seise soirche / Seotu sochraide soirthe / Ria ndul issin fargge / Gleam ar lessu re n-aidche. .i. soirthe ┐ aidche exemplum, Auraic. 5086 . c.¤ senchais error in historical fact: c.¤ seanc[h]ais, amail ata o Cuind no o Colla no o rRoigh no o Nell no o Duach do dhenaibh do righ d'fearaibh Muman ach duine beas gael riu. O Mogha no o hEmir no o Cais no o Bloid no o Tail do denaibh do dhuine do Leith Cuind acht do dhuine bheas gael riu, IGT Met. Faults § 98 . nir chan gó na c.¤ senchais (sic leg.) riam, MacCarthy 408.8 . c.¤ úaitne error in consonance: c.¤ uaitne, amail ata Bean do gebhadh ara gradh / geal a lamh leabhar a lem. C.¤ uaitne sin ┐ idir lam [leg. gradh] ┐ lem ata, ┐ edhudh claenas re n-ailm, ┐ i lem ata, IGT Met. Faults § 3 .

(d) With other qualifying genitives: airbert cin [cil-]ceill .i. do denum / cen claon ceille, O'Dav. 49 . tuccus cath, gēr c[h]lāon cēille / do fhlaith Temhra a departure from good sense, Ériu ix 178 § 11 . ar fochal-cae, ar claen conair, Laws v 470.27 Comm. saor dhiongbhas claon na córa perversion of justice, DDána 48.28 . gan chláon n-irsi `pervert not my faith', Ériu ix 6.67 . níor áirmheas le claon sligheadh `in perverse method', Content. vi 140 .

(e) Of people, iniquitous, unjust person : oc ingrimmim inna cloen `the persecution of the wicked', Thes. ii 247.14 (Camb.). fri bás inna clóen `of the wicked', 320.1 (Hy. ii 59 ). ni aurfóemha dana na cloen `the gifts of the unjust', O'Dav. 1610 . a claín trúaig . . . ro scáig do gal, LU 8569 ( FB 43 ).

Compds. With nouns. i gcéibh na gclaonalt `curling hair', Aithd. D. 11.6 . bellum for Cloenath, AU an. 704 (see Ériu xiii 176 ). croidhe gan claon-bheart, ZCP v 208.117 (Midn. Court). Attrib. g s. gan cionnta claon-bhirt, 209.180 . in tan no beiredh claonbreith unjust judgement, Laws i 24.13 Comm. (opp. to breth ḟīr). imon cclaoinbhreith rucc Diarmait ar Colom Cille im liubar Findén, AFM i 192.z . breitheamh breabóideach . . . rug claoinbhreath, TSh. 6788 . ¤-chaingen: claenferta í ngaeldais aíndre / claenferta na claencaingne, BB 351b32 . ¤-chéimm: can ethar nā chlōenchēmim / cingid tar cech ler `without . . . a false step', Ériu iii 14 § 5 ('na chlóenchéimmim `in their perverse path', Murphy Lyrics 17.5 ). linfaid cloencheo cairechda / cech rind reil co rian ruided, SR 8095 . le claoinchealgaibh an aidhbhirseōra, Beatha S. F. 1962 . earrla na gclaoinchleacht waving tresses, Magauran 965 . ni ellastar cloenchleir, LU 1002 (ACC) (.i. . . . na cliara ni-dligtecha, `for indligthecha', edd.). ¤-choma unjust stipulation : cisdi coimeta celg . . . ┐ claenchomhad, MR 260.2 . Eoganachta . . . Áni Loch Léin Casel Cloendabair, LL 16124 . ¤-derc (2 derc): an uair éagfair-se . . . / claonfaidh do chlaon-dearc, Keat. Poems 342 . i comarddus na Cloenfertai tuascertchi, LL 3876 . ataat na dí Chloenḟerta fri Ráith Granni aniar, 3877 . ro marbtha uili i Cloenglais, 28840 . Cuilen na cláenglaise, RC xviii 303.8 (Tig.). claonglonna in gille `wicked deeds', Metr. Dinds. iii 58.65 . Cloenloch. Unde nominatur. Cloen mac Iṅgair, LL 22459 . Cath Claenlocha, RC xvii 136.5 (Tig.). a chionnta ┐ a chláonmhianna, Párl. na mB. 3210 . ¤ míl hare (?) : tosessa lais clóenmíla Cernai, LU 6748 (BDD). geis dō clōenmīla Moighe Sainb do tophand 'it was taboo for him to hunt the hares (?) of Mag Sainb', BDC 106.30 . claennadmanna tolla, O'Curry 1069 ( H 3.18, 441 ). ōn chlaenrāith co Cenannas, Fing. R. 732 (? leg. Chlaen-). dul . . . do Cathair na claenratha bodes, Acall. 6387 . 1 -ré (see 1 ré) wicked life : ciambad lonnbrass digal Dé / fornn ba comadas friar cloenré, SR 3618 . (Cf. Lochlann ii 51 .) 2 -ré (see 3, 4, 5 ré) word or verse of five syllables (so called because it cannot be divided into two equal parts): it chōic dīalta fuilet a clōinré, amail rongab fīanamailechar, Corm. Y 447 (p. 37.x) . claenre . . . is a dho ar indara leith ┐ a tri forin leth n-aili, Auraic. 1422 . clóenré dā inso sis: A rí oirdnide / uasail atamhra / bet suairc do comairli / cuairt cen balamna, IT iii 21 § 63 . See Lochlann ii 51 - 2 . ¤-recht (see 1 recht): concertfa c. for iathu Banba, SG 254.29 (rhet.). ¤-rind (see 1 rind) incorrect end-rhyme : c. i ndebide sgailti, amail ata Mor in sgel Don[n]- do dhul / i nErinn is a nAlbain / bedid mna Gaidheal c[h]adh is Gall / ga c[h]aineadh arna comraind. Ataid da c. ann sin .i. c. isin leathrand tosaich . . . edir dul ┐ Albain ata ┐ c. i[n] deridh edir Gall ┐ comraind ata . . ., IGT Met. Faults § 85 . c. i [n]debhi[dhe] imrind, amail ata . . . righ (g s.): Cuirín, fín (a s.): Cuilín, § 86 . rand idir c. ┐ drochgaidhilg Ata triar conchar ag Cund / Niall is Donnc[h]adh is Domnall (i.e. Cund: Domnall is a faulty rhyme but Domnull would be ungrammatical), § 140 . ataid na claenreanda romhaind, § 1 . ¤-ró (see 1 ró): noem in chotaig ni cloenró it was not an excess due to partiality(?), LL 25382 . claon-rosc, Keat. Poems 319 . ¤ṡirite: cidh don cláenṡíridi ṡiabardha mo ṡárugadh do dhenamh, TBC-LL¹ p. 251 n.3 . Cormac a clōen-Temraich sloping Tara, ZCP viii 264 § 22 . ó phór chaithreach claoinTé, DDána 121.32 . ¤tinn d s.?: tug a cainnt dá chlaointinn ghéir `let loose the bitter tongue of his iniquity', Ó Bruad. iii 212.18 . ¤úall (1 úall): cēim cen chlóenúaill ō Dīabul `without wicked pride', Ériu ii 64 § 7 .

With adjj. th'fholt cas claonbhuidhe, DDána 114.25 . Conall Cloentruag t'ainm festa `the wicked wretch', ZCP i 104.18 .

With adjj. derived from nouns. dfheólaibh . . . ccethnatmolt . . . cclaonadharcach, Hugh Roe² 284.15 . Conall Claenbhraigdech Cernach, Cóir Anm. 251 . egoir Calcuis corpthi claenbhreathaigh unjust in judgment, Stair Erc. 2041 . a Shabhdain colaigh, claenbreathaigh, ZCP vi 59.19 . daoine . . . malluighthe claoincheárrdach `having an evil way of life' (Gloss), Párl. na mB. 1835 . Creon claencholach perverse sinful C., TTebe 4655 . cosin cathraig claincolaig, 251 . ¤dairech of bending oak-trees: san adhbha chlaondairigh ós Bóinn bhraoinealaigh, DDána 109.18 . ó Éirne . . . challghloin chlaondoirigh, Ir. Syll. Poetry 74 § 9 . ar a ccorpuibh corpthe cláonmhíanacha having evil desires, Párl. na mB. 2579 . ar Īsa in ḟuilt c[h]laenrāthaigh, ZCP viii 563 §27 . ó chéimniughadh chealgach chlaonrúnach of evil intent, TSh. 8301 .

With verbs. do-s-claencoraigenn icin aclaid `who makes a false representation at the suit', Laws v 462.13 Comm. claonmharbhfaidh mé m'ainmhianta `I shall mortify', Donlevy 190.16 .

With vnn. claonchorrughadh beag suarach don aithrighe, Trompa na bhF. 2433 . ¤díbirciud: drochcostud . . . do chloīndībircthib la drochdaīni, Sc.M² § 17.4 . iomshlán na míorbhuilleadha . . . do chlao[i]ndhéanamh to counterfeit, Trompa na bhF. 2630 . go ndéin an tsúil amharc aindlightheach, ┐ an chluas claoin-éisteacht biassed hearing, TSh. 3039 . gach cosg ┐ claon-mharbhadh na colna `mortification', Donlevy 126.14 .

comdroch

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comdroch or dil.ie/11068

 

n .i. malum .i. comolc, Corm. Y 345 . See 1 droch.

cularán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cularán or dil.ie/13762
Last Revised: 2013

 

n o, m. (curar, K. and H. Gloss.) cucumber, etc.: cularan gl. hic cucumer, Ir. Gl. 1049 . ciclamen malua .i. an cularan, 23 K 42, 381.1 . ciclamen malum .i. in c.¤ , RC ix 228 § 17b . virgola fraghinairia .i. lus na cno lena .i. culuran, ACL i 334 § 36 . daticus (leg. daucus) agrestis .i. culuran, 336 § 96 , Stud. Celt. xiv/xv 208 . edible umbelliferous plant Lexique de termes de botanique en latin s.vv. daucus, caucalis : siclamipomiterre aton c.¤ , 327 § 71 . na cúlaráin ┐ na mealbhucáin = cucumbers, Numbers xi 5 .

éccuibsech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. éccuibsech or dil.ie/19487

 

adj o-ā (neg. of cuibsech) without conscience; unconscious, unreasoning, unreflecting (?): in follg. quotation applied to erratic and purposeless movements of a patient: ubi residere uult aeger in ipso morbi vigore malum indicium est ... .i. in tan eirgheas an t-easlan go hobann no go heccuibhsioch isin staid, 23 K 42, 194 . Cf. 2 éccobsaid.

2 éis

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 éis or dil.ie/19846
Last Revised: 2013

 

n i, ī g s. perhaps in Traig Ési, Ériu i 118.35 . g p. perh. in: ainm don eclais-sin Aposania (no Appodonia) .i. costa, fo bith na folliucht (no na n-essi) batar inti, PH 6336 (here costa is an adj. from cos, and the reference is to the traces of the Archangel's feet, cf. 6330 - 1 ). Trace, track: es .i. integ...┐ slicht, O'Mulc. 437 . eiss...integ ┐ slicht, 442 . éis .i. lorg; do fhagbhadh éis a chos isin gcloich .i. lorg a chos, O'Cl. ACL iii 10.11 (= vestigia Trip. 19.3 ). forruim a choiss forsind leicc | maraith a és (a es, dia æs MSS.), Thes. ii 310 = Trip. 404.17 . nicon fess eng na eis dib track or trace of them IT i 143.27 . ata slicht a da chos and beos, is de ata Traig Ési la hUltu `the Strand of the Track' Ériu i 118.35 .

Most freq. in adverbial and prepositional phrases with ar, di, do, tar (dar):

ar é.¤

(1) after, in succession to; remaining after, waiting behind: (a) in bliadain ar eis na ronda sin the year after that division MacCarthy 304.3 ( BB 13a7 ). in bliadain ar eis rige do gabail do, 306.18 . bliadain ar es cesda Crist, 304 . 25 . ni himda aici fer a himcair...ara eis not many has [learning] to support her after him (i.e. after his death) AU 1345 . do anusdair E. ar eis Fergusa E. remained after F. had left ZCP viii 551.2 = dia éis, TBC-LL¹ 1845 . ro fhagaibh sé Sir H. ara eis, ZCP vi 42.16 . cia uand bias ar eis a chéli? (or D.) which of us will survive the other? YBL 126b7 . (b) bia-so ar m'eissi-sea .uii. mbliadain, or C., YBL 126b8 .

(2) for, instead of: (b) as-ren a fine aithgin ar a eisi, Laws iii 158.11 Comm.

co hé.¤ till the end of, till after (probably modelled on ar éis etc.): (a) gan longadh...go héis a saltrach till he had finished his psalter BNnÉ 279.32 .

di ¤ , do é.¤ As the two preps. fall together in unstressed position from an early period, it is usually difficult to decide which is intended. In similar contexts we find: dom héis-se, Wb. 29d9 and: dim(m)ǽs, Ml. 23d6 , 9 (see below).

(1) above, in the preceding context (see Celtica xviii 85-86 ): (a) di ess (gl. retro) Ml. 2c1 . di éis (gl. retro) BCr. 31b5 . in secunda coniugatione diar n-eis, Sg. 195a2 .

(2) after, later in time than, following, succeeding to; resulting from: (a) cen nech dimm æs dim chlaind frim foraithmet, Ml. 23d9 , cf. 23d6 . conid he as ardepscop L. o sein ille ┐ a chomarbba dia eis, Thes. ii 308.5 . RC xxiv 174.17 . ACL iii 5.12 . ni bí cland dia n-ǽs (gl. nullam successionem filiorum relinquentes) Ml. 57d6 . slucit ...cach anmain d'eis a céle one after another IT i 183.14 . a bhfuair mé | d'easláinte d'éis a chéile, Dán Dé xiii 3 = YBL 371a5 . ni raibh sinn...gan airdrígh d'éis a chéile without one high-king succeeding another TD 28.18 . tig tairsib d'éis aroile mentions them in turn 3.30 . regnauit ...di eis a athar reigned in succession to his father RC xvi 416.4 . in bliadain da es the following year BB 12a19 = MacCarthy 296.11 . d'éis chatha Chnúcha, ML 2.3 . d'éis tionnabhraidh, TD 24.22 . an choróin do-gheibh d'éis an bháis, TSh. 2785 . d'eis Meic Dé do chur docum báis, Maund. 10 . RC xxviii 310.10 . dá éis sin after that, afterwards TD 13.47 . TSh. 9448 . (b) ticfait dar timma... ┐ nis bia a ngrad oc Dia dia esi after that, thenceforth MacCarthy 50.22 . do imthigh sí úaidh da eisi sin thereupon Maund. 131 . Ériu ii 182.25 . After (the death, times of) a person: (a) dia n-éiss a cuirp chráibdig | i mmemraib óir, Fél. Prol. 79 . marait dia n-éis a scela, RC xxiii 304 § 2 . do thaoibh a chlú dá éis san tsaoghal, TSh. 4140 . go ndearnadh luaithreadh dhí...go nach fríoth a tuarasgbháil dá héis, 64 . (b) bid Mag da Gési co bráth | dia n-esi after them IT i 161.1 . dorat dia chloind dia éssi, MacCarthy 64.29 . PH 4246 . for ar clannaib diar n-éisi, 3285 .

(3) Of remaining after, left, waiting behind, surviving: (a) in tain ro n-anis-siu dom héis-se, Wb. 29d9 . dessid E. dia éis remained behind after him TBC-LL¹ 1845 . ni fedar cid ros fasto dom es, Aen. 621 . fosrácbus im thaig dim éis ZCP iv 44.7 . olc na druinge do bhí beó dá n-éis who survived them TSh. 5533 (= tar a n-éis, 5526 ).

(4) After the departure of, in the absence of: (a) assolgi A. iarum a bosān dia ēis A. opened his (Fraech's) purse when he had gone ZCP iv 39.25 (= RC xxiv 148.15 ). Thes. ii 340.27 . cach fidbad dara tictís...ba crích machairi da n-éis they left it a level country MU 14.29 = LL 264a1 . ni rabhat d'eis neirt may they never be without power Anecd. ii 33.12 . Duan. F. i 21.1 . Cend Febrat...atchíu... | d'éis na rígḟían, Metr. Dinds. iii 226.4 . corrach mh'intinn | d'éis na buidhne after (i.e. lacking) that company TD 25.34 . Cf. biaid Temair d'eis a fir, LL 149b37 , and: aighthe an tslúaigh mar gríos na gréine | an uair bhíos Eire da éis (v.l. héis) when (the sun) has left Ireland behind, i.e. is setting KMMisc. 172 § 22 . (b) dochuaid C... | do char T.... Aed dia éise T. gave her love to A. in his (C.'s) absence Metr. Dinds. iv. 110.28 . Hence instead of: (a) corragaibsi in cucnecht da hes took the churning in her stead Thes. ii 332.34 . Cf. (b) luid dia ésse | a ben... | do chomét búar, Metr. Dinds. iv 196.13 .

(5) in forming a participial phr.: (a) ealta...d'éis a n-ionnalta a hór flocks...bathed in gold TD 40.7 .

(6) occasionally after in the sense of notwithstanding, in spite of: (a) tiaghaid... | ...ar fhód mhearaighthe | d'éis a ndeimhnighthe dhoibh sain | sein-shlighthe Póil is Peadair, Dán Dé vi 4 = YBL 365b . d'éis ar chaitheadar riamh ruinn...cor lem anacal níor ál despite all they had lavished on me TD 3.17 .

tar (dar) é.¤

(1) behind: (a) fég...dar th'eis look behind thee IT i 222.29 . eirg a n-inad nderrit ┐ dún tar th'éis shut (the door) behind thee PH 7998 . ro hiadadh comhla an taiste tar a n-éis was shut behind them Hugh Roe² 5.4 (f. 2b) . geibis M. scíath díten dar éis fer nhErend covered their retreat TBC-LL¹ 6073 . CRR 52 . mar dubhart annso tar m'éis as I have said above Content. vi 57 . (b) Dia dam frim lorg (.i. dar m' ési), Thes. ii 350.30 . tú tar a n-éssi ocá n-imdegail, FB 10 . ní bendais na hurchuir re muintir C. acht is tar a n-eisi do tuitidis, CCath. 1870 .

(2) after, later in time than, succeeding to; resulting from: (a) bid hé N. bus rí tar eis a athar, RC xxiv 192 y ; 182.20 . aidchi ndomnaig ┐ dia domnaich tara heis on Saturday night and the Sunday following it Mon. Tall. § 45 . Tir Cannain...nis-tā dar éis a n-ecnaig, SR 4734 . naoi mbliadhna tar éis catha Sulcoide, Cog. 90.15 . tar éis gcodail (v.l. cho., co.), TD 11.6 . tar éis an bhaistidhe after baptism TSh. 3341 . tar éis áir...do tabairt ar M., RC xviii 164.9 . TD 8.31 . TSh. 2552 . tar eis mar = postquam: tar éis mar do iarr M. air after M. had asked him TSh. 1931 . (b) cách dar hési álaili, Wb. 13 a9 . ind aidchi dara heisi the following night Mon. Tall. § 9 . acht an rut bia tar éissi du airm ┐ do saigtige those that thou shalt have by virtue of thy weapons Trip. 152.4 . Hence according to (?): (b) dar eisi a cuinn do cech mnai follows her legal guardian, acts according to her reason? (cf. cond, Laws) Ériu ix 47.4 . After (the death, times of) a person: (a) ní maith lim ind áil (leg. ail) sin d'ácbail i nUltaib dar m'éis to leave that reproach behind me TBC-LL¹ 1761 (tar mh'és, St). (b) lécfet desmbirecht...calmachta dona moeth-oclachaib dar m'esi, PH 6560 . co fharcbatís dar a n-ési comartha suthain, 3236 .

(3) remaining after, surviving: (a) slán don fheadhain-sin tar mh'éis to that band (I leave) behind me Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 9.1 . m'fagbháil tar éis mo chompán that I should be left behind TD ii 248.32 . (b) bai ade and tar ési mBenigni tri fichtea bliadne, Thes. ii 238.17 ( Ardm. 17a2 ). noco bia na cein . . | sunn i pein dar m'ésse-se after I am gone SR 2044 .

(4) after the departure of, in the absence of: (a) cach sruth ┐ cach áth...dara tictís ba lecca lomma dar a n-éis they left them as dry stones MU 14.31 = LL 264a5 . robrisidh an baile tar eis na nGall after the foreigners (had quitted it) RC xviii 287x . co mbertais...corp Tit leo dar eis Ipomone when Hippomedon had gone TTebe 3468 . (b) dar a n-éssi ba cáep chró | in Lug ros gáet ac Ráith Chró L. was left all imbrued in gore after them Metr. Dinds. iv 216.15 . do chóidh...fó thuairim na nEtailleach tánaic dia thír dara ese who had come...in his absence AFM v 1750 w .

(5) for, instead of: (a) pars pro tota ....i. in rand dar eis na toiti, Auraic. 664 . co tici do chutrommæ do fácbáil dar th'éis, IT i 127.26 . Cf. techtugad indligtech do brith isin ferand .i. ba tar eis eochu cows instead of horses Laws iv 32. 10 Comm. , where the acc. may be due to confusion of the simple prep. tar with the phr. tar éis. (b) nipo accobor lassin feir suide et a cheile do thuidect dar a hési, Wb. 13a20 . olcc tar ési n-uilcc (gl. malum pro malo) Wb. 5d28 . du éric uilc tar ǽsi alaili, Ml. 127a1 . tar ǽsi (gl. pro) Ml. 47a3 . 60c1 . 88a1 , etc. ( tar æsi, 49d1 . 61d4 , etc.). tar essi, 109d8 . a thuidecht i cride tar ési Dǽ in place of God Wb. 22b5 . ma dudéll ní taibred ní tar a éssi do bochtaib, 22b7 . duberar tar ǽsi locht which is inflicted for faults Ml. 105d6 . a `speciosus' asrubartsom is dar esi indi as `gloriosus' `the word "speciosus" is for "gloriosus" ' Ml. 64d8 . ...indí as infimatis romboí apud veteres tar ési indí as infimas file hodie, Sg. 200b3 . dearb laiss is e A. nobertha i n-nem dar a éssi in his place MacCarthy 48.31 . ni fuil aisiuc na set...co tuctur seoit tar a n-esi in their stead Laws ii 304.7 Comm. da grad tar eise in aengraid bes airdiu two ranks in place of (i.e. equivalent to) one higher rank iii 142.1 . do-rónus doibh dua[i]n ...ni tardad dúas dara heisi in return for it ACL iii 296.45 . mad ech [rogata nech] da ech dara esi, Ériu vii 154.17 (cf. mad rogata nech cairich ceotheora cairich tar n-essi 154.16 . manibe ní aschomra [sic leg.] ind fognam dar essi, 154.20 .). occ eráil ghiall ┐ aittire oile dar a éisi in his stead Hugh Roe² 5.17 (f. 3a) . ní rochosna nech aile | ní dot anim tar t' ési no other can strive for aught for thy soul in thy stead Ériu i 201.9 .

1 fern

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fern or dil.ie/21728

 

Forms: ferna, fern, fernd, fernae, fernai

n ā, f.

(a) an alder-tree: a p. ferna (gl. alnos) Thes. ii 46.33 . fern (one of the `athaig fedha,' plebeian trees) Auraic. 1154 . Laws iv 146.24 . huinnius ┐ f.¤ , LL 275b11 = Mór M. § 11 (ferd v.l.). f.¤ ... is dī dogniter na sgeith, Auraic. 4265 (see below under (b)). fernd, 1169 . g s. cuaillne fernae , Corm. Bodl. s.v. orc trēith . taman ferna, BColm. 86.22 . colba ferna, MacCongl. 97.2 . i mbothán ḟerna, Cog. 92.17 . cep ferna `a log of alder' Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 28.12 . losc ... in fhern is in sciaig, SG 245. 35 .

(b) a shield (made of alder-wood , see Auraic 4265 cited above): sciath ar fern ... air isī in fern adbur in sceith, Auraic. 5536 . fearn .i. sgiath, O'Cl. tar fernn fland, IT i 108.6 . cú ferna fodluigthe shield-cleaving LU 8891 ( FB 68 ). pl. bit fernai fer dlochtai LU 8430 ( FB 29 ). ferna urdlochta .i. scietha bristi, RC xxi 401.18 . ferna tulbochtaib, BDD 35 (U). fir fern `men with shields' MU 22.32 ( LL 265a33 ; cf. MU² 440 , and note). fernaib (.i. sciathaib) ildlochtaib, LU 10376 .

(c) a pole or stake (strictly of alder ?), esp. in phrase: f.¤ siúil a sailyard; a mast: fernn siúil no seól (gl. artimone) Ardm. 189b1 ( Thes. i 498 ). feirn séoil luinge .i. bun an chroinn siúil, O'Cl. do feren seoil luingi S., Aen. 1125 (= malum de nave S., Aeneid v 487 ). feren seoil, Aen. 1131 . ótchondaic ... na seolcrannu ... ┐ na ferna, LL 235b4 ( TTr. 1367 ). Of a tent-pole: atbert ... f.¤ a pupla do ṡadhud, RC xliii 40.25 . ic gabhail férne na pupla don talmain, 42.1 . ro ḟuirim ... an feirn-sin, 42.13 . See fernae.

(d) the letter f: ind ú consain lasin laitneóir is f.¤ ... lasin Gaoidel, Corm. Y 576 . fern dono is o crand rohainmniged , YBL 235a17 = Auraic. 4264 . fearn an tshéimhighthe (i.e. lenited p) IGT, Introd. § 30 . fearn do níthear do .P. ... le séimhiughadh do chur air ib. airdibdad ferna extinction (i.e. lenition ) of f Auraic. 1283 . Cf. masa dairi fede feirn, LL 265a27 ( MU² 426 ).

1 fó

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fó or dil.ie/22335
Last Revised: 2019

 

(for etym. see RC xxxii 195 ) adj. and subst. good ; an O.-Ir. word, in later lang. confined to poetic and archaizing style : fó .i. maith, O'Cl., Lec. Gl. 154 , bonum O'Mulc. 547 . fó ainm do mhaith is do mhíadh, Metr. Gl., Ff. 4 . As pred. : fó díbad (.i. maith a epiltiu), LU 678 ( ACC 31 ). ma dagnet ní airi is fó it is well Mon. Tall. § 2 . fó cach scél, RC xxvi 34.172 . fó (.i. maith) mo cherd láechdachta, LU 6169 . fó mo cosc, Ériu i 118.11 . Cf. in tan ba fó fīrUlltaig, MR 200.5 . sech ba fial ba fíu ba fó, LL 35a21 = Rawl. 84a7 . nī fó LU 3947 ( SCC 44 ). ní fó an fecht dochuadhais, ZCP xiii 172.20 . Cf. gé iarradh neach ní budh mō, | urdail frighedh nī fō fair it is not right to add to it (?) vii 302z (= fó, YBL 318b26 ). Michiae, ba fó fia, SR 7455 . maith fer Patraic ... fó fer Patraic, Trip. 242.24 ( Trip.² 2874 ). maith fer Macc Cecht, fó fer Macc Cecht, BDD 157 . fil fora chend cid fó fer | ... tri foilt, LU 3822 ( SCC 37 ). fo fo cech scel (.i. is maith is maith cach scel), Rawl. 110b12 (= RC xxvi 34 ). fo bioath (= biad) indso `good food this' RC xii 86 . fó Dei (gl. bonus Deus) Auraic. 3341 . fo dia, a Feidlimid! hail! Hib. Min. 66.3 . fodia .i. fo ┐ dies .i. fó láe, O'Mulc. 590 . fó líth .i. sén maith `good luck' O'Cl. is fólíth linn in scéul sin, IT i 128.11 . do A. nirb fo lith, SR 6189 . nír fó líth | liṅges Ír sech Íth, LL 12b25 . fō mind, ZCP xi 109 § 12 . fó sén dia ngaib O. Alpain it was a lucky hour when O. took possession of Alba IT iii 33 § 7 ( Bruchst. i § 4 ). ní fó sén i tancas din tochmarc-sa, TFerbe 95 . fó húar mad mé foglesed, Ériu ii 63 § 1 . IS FÓ LIMM I deem good, like, am satisfied (with ), folld. by subst. or clause : fo lib lige a ai (.i. is maith lib ...) LU 1065 ( ACC 106 ). ba fo leo in frithi, Aen. 360 . is fo lium cia rafesid (gl. non volumus ignorare vos) Wb. 14b20 . fó (.i. maith) leó rodascload nech, Hy v 53 . bid fó lim donísed comartha n-úait, LU 5402 . ni head condaigimm ... ; fó liumm cé notísad de, MacCongl. 21.25 . ba maith dano limsa ... acht bith fó lat so, ZCP viii 310.18 . Sometimes equiv. to is cumma limm I care not, am indifferent: is fo limsa mu laiget my smallness does not trouble me ZCP vii 297 (quoted by O'Cl. under fó .i. cuma). fó limsa ón ... cia théis I don't mind if he go LU 5554 . fó limsa ón ... case [ = cibē St] chruth i mbet, TBC-LL¹ 447 (= cumma lem, LU 4654 ). fo leis gid no rissed ┐ ba fo leis gin co rissed, 2190 (= cuma les St). ba fo laiss cidh ár noláthe for a muintir, acht ... he cared not ... so long as ... CCath. 3730 . bá fó leis a bádhadh féin acht co mbáidhedh a námhait leis, 2155 . IS FÓ DOM it is good (no harm) for me: cid as fó dam ?, Tec. Corm. § 12 . fó duit-siu gid dia mbendaib nochingthe you might safely step TBC-LL¹ 1346 = is cuma duit cid ... chinge St. fó dúib fatchius, 504 . fo duit cia nocotailtea it would be well for thee to sleep Laws i 72.21 Comm.

Rarely attrib. : funchi fó, LU 3054 . fiada fó, LL 278a33 ( Ériu i 68 : `the good God'). ? fri ferccai fōa 'fine warriors', ​BDC 144.632 ​.

As adv. (?) : snigfid fairne [ferna v.l.] fer ga fó, TBC-LL¹ 539 (co fo. go fó v.l.). Compar. ca soithech fithir is fo ? (.i. ca hadbhur oide is ferr), ZCP v 488 § 7 (B. na f.).

As subst. : n. and m. fó n-olc (gl. bonum malum ) ZCP vii 480 ( Enchir. Aug. 71a ). is e a fó in fó thall his good is the good yonder (i.e. Heaven) Goid. 94 . ? cáin cach fó, RC xxvi 34 (fou v.l.). cach fó dó ... co ndá (.i. co tuca ... gach maith dó), ZCP v 489 § 13 (B. na f.). nach fō rocólae ┐ nach maith atcondairc, iii 452.12 . Eo Rosa ... fó foirne the good of a multitude (?) LL 200a3 . Cf. is tir hi fuil fó, LU 3058 .

The follg. may contain the gen.: fói leis cía nobeth inti, fói leis cenco beith, TTr.² 1235 ( = foi ... foi, LL 406b51 ). is faoi leis an bhfear ... gion go ndéine inn d'ionnlach | sinn dá chēile coimhdhiomdhach = he is content GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 568 ( DDána 101.48 ).

Compds. Possibly the follg. (if not compds. of the prep. fo): co Feradach Finn Fechtnach fobéo [fobeu v.l.] of happy life (?) ZCP xi 91 § 3 (the corresp. section in A has F.F.F. Fo buan ib. 80 ). Ogam focosach `well-footed' [?] (a kind of Ogham in which the strokes were dotted) Auraic. 6062 . Cf. also: dedol ... .i. dā fhōthadáil. dá dagthodail do dhía, Thr. Ir. Gl. 15 .

maile

Cite this: eDIL s.v. maile or dil.ie/31330

 

Forms: mali, maile

subst. evil; an evil, misfortune (archaic & poet.). mali, bare, gare Caie[u]r . . . maile .i. olc, dindi as malam (leg. malum ), Corm. Y 698 = maile, Corm. p. 24 s.v. gaire, O'Dav. 217. ni derna m.¤ ordugud orru mor `the arrangement did not do them evil greatly', O'Dav. 1236. ? pl. nu regtáis a teóra maila tairsi, midgla, ǽs, toithe fola three evils would come upon him, Trip. 166.4 . ? Soergus da m.¤ [óca m.¤ v.l.] . . . collais caín, 214.9 (cf. per culpam Soergassii . . . huius . . . pensionis . . . solutio recusata vel neglecta est, 215 n. 3 ). Cf. maíle.

3 muin, ? muín

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 muin, ? muín or dil.ie/32715
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: múin, main

n occas. written múin and main) a wile, ruse, trick , chiefly in phrase: dobeir m.¤ im nech plays a trick on. main .i. celg ut est doberar main imbe, H 4.22 p. 67b (quoted IT iii 223 § 14 ). main .i. cealg, ut est cer mhor in main dobert Bricni im Conchubar, O'Dav. 1242 (cf. FB 10 ). eirg . . . ┐ tabair múin imme dús in dingebad dín, LU 4451 , cf. Anecd. i 22.7 . ro imrāid [Bricriu] aice ina menmain . . . doberadh muin [maín MS.] mór im Concobur in coica ingen . . . d'fagbail sunn that it would be a great hoax for C. to find, ZCP v 502.9 (the subj. is the follg. phrase, cf. IT i 144.31 ). doberthar tra múin impu co fessamar . . . `let a trick be played on them', RC xiii 444 § 24 ( LL 289b5 ). in tan atconnairc Príaimh in Troi fothaichthi . . . dorat muin imbe do chathugud fri Grécu he beguiled her (Troy) into a war with the Greeks, LL 399a 50 = dorat múin imbi, TTr.² 213 (`he felt a longing to fight', Stokes). is séimh in muin doberat Ulaid ummum-sa techt for muin mo mic the Ulstermen are playing me a subtle trick (in asking me) to go on my son's guarantee, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 26 § 5 (there is a play on the words 1 muin and 3 muin). ionnas no fhóibéradh na Goill ┐ no béradh múin iompa, Hugh Roe 100.23 (fo. 27a) . ionnus no bheradh muin [sic MS.] im na Gallaibh do gaid a n-eoch forro, 246.5 (fo. 65b) . aiseadh dobheir maoin im Fhlann, comhardha na nGall ria a ais the standards of the foreigners behind him play F. false (i.e. their support proves a delusion), AFM i 508.3 . In proverbial phrase: tech iairn and so bar Cu Chulaind etar da thech claraid. Messu cach maín on bar Bricriu 'the worst of all treachery, a fate worse than death' LL v 35210 , Ériu xxxix 156 . bidh tathairte o feraib in talman inti clofiter ann: as fis . . . conidh messam cach main 'that that is the worst of all treachery' CCath. 4604 , Ériu xxxix 156 (= omne malum victi, quod sors feret ultima rerum , Luc. Phars. vii.122 ). Cf. a lōg mo chuil is mo cealg | mad rom-gab muin mō cach mairg 'if a fate worse than death (lit. 'woe') has overtaken me as a reward for my sin and deceit' ZCP vi 263 § 5 , Ériu xxxix 156 . Cf. muinbech.

olc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. olc or dil.ie/33783
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: mes(s)aite, meiste, miste, misde, mes(s)a, uilc

adj. and subst.

I As adj. o,ā. generally as pred., seldom used after a subst. and never before one (being replaced by droch-); cf. lochdach maith no olc a ttús chomhfhocuil, IGT Introd. § 97 (see however olcairne). Compar. mes(s)a; messu, TBC-LL¹ 3489 , SR 1349 , LU 8081 , Triads 91. Superl. (a) mesam, Triads 223. messum, 228 . messam, CCath. 4606. (b) is mes(s)a.

Evil, bad, wrong , in wide sense, physical and moral, of quality, state or condition, olcc, gl. malus, Sg. 42b10 . Ir. Gl. 662 . gním olc no maith, Ml. 15a6 . dān olc, ACL iii 238 § 12. sgél olc, IGT Dec. § 178 (d s. don sgeól olc or ulc). breath olc, § 179 . ubhall olc an iomarbhais, Dán Dé xxiv 20. oirchin- neach olc, xxix 4 . pl. námait ro-olca, PH 2353.

As pred.: ropo olc a mblath they had a bad colour, Mon. Tall. 52. is o.¤ in cendaige it is a bad bargain, PH 7467. os o.¤ bó do ghoit if it is wrong to steal a cow, 7778 . intí is o.¤ dó fadéin, cia aile dia mbad maith he? (= qui enim sibi malus), 5971 . olc dona sagartaib bad (wrong) for priests, ZCP viii 209.24 . With defining gen.: a thruaigh as o.¤ iontaobha un- worthy of trust, Dán Dé xxii 31. an t-aon-mac Gaoidhil as lugha dob olc i n-Albain `by no means the least distinguished of the Gaels', AFM v 1662.20 , cf. 1682.16 . Inauspicious, unlucky : bid olc ind adaig (= there will be trouble to-night), FB 21. ba holc lathe etha dó evil was the day they came for him, IT i 98.1 . olc húar lod-sai in an ill hour you went, IT iii 244.24 . is o.¤ limm (frim) I deem ill (unfortunate), I dislike: cid o.¤ lam naimtea though my enemies dislike it, Ml. 2d12 . bá holc leo . . . Temair a bith cen rechtgi ríg furri, SCC 21. ba holc lais a dalta dia fhacbail, PH 2197. an olc libh? art thou sorry? A. Ó Dálaigh xxxvi 2 . mad o.¤ ra lucht na críchi in sét do thabairt, TBC-LL¹ 94. rob o.¤ ria C. in cath do chur, RC xxiv 62 § 24. ba holc frisin imper a menma de sin, PH 1027. is o.¤ lim mo menma iar marbad mo righ my heart is vexed, Ériu ii 28.4 (see 1 menma). olcc occo-som máthair Néill they disliked N.'s mother, iv 92 § 6 .

Folld. by a vb., in adverbial sense: is o.¤ ataim cuca I am in bad plight to meet them, ZCP vi 65.20 . ris an anmain is o.¤ bhím `badly I treat my soul' (? I am in bad state as regards my soul), Dán Dé xxiii 7. gidh o.¤ do dhligh déagsain dún though [she] had little reason to have regard for me, ii 10 . o.¤ freagarthar an robhadh, xxv 11 .

As adv. in d s.: nad n-acco(m)bra ind-ulcc (= non vult male), Hib. Min. 13.432 .

compar. messa, folld. by dat. of object compared or by conj.: creitmech as messa ancreitmech worse than an un- believer, Wb. 28b24 . trí gena ata messu brón worse than sorrow, Triads 91. iss messa acach ar gach lo worse from day to day, IT i 121.23 . os olc bó . . . do goit, is messa co mor duine do goit, PH 7778. is messa in usaracht nā'n gadaigecht, 7573 . messa fria mbraithrea indate a nnamait worse to their brethren than are their enemies, Ml. 100c26 . ata ni is messu de tra, | scarthain cuirp ocus anma there is something still worse, SR 1349. do budh measa íad ná an chríaidh, Job xxx 8 . dá raibhe ní sa mheasa ioná . . . (= si quid deterius est), TSh. 8343. Folld. by DO: fodaimid nech as messa dúib .i. seodoapostolos , Wb. 17b24 . `Bid olc in adaig', ol se. `Bid messu duitsiu', ol C. it will be (a) worse (night) for you, FB 87 ( LU 9114 ). is messu duit na mbia de (= the result will be worse for you), TBC-LL¹ 3489. cu mba mesa dúib oltás dam-sa, PH 2043. cid ferr cid messu dom nirt whether my strength is better or worse, LU 3862 ( SCC 38 ). ni raibe nech ler bo mesa he inā C. no one was more hostile to him than C., BNnÉ 168 § 2. As adv.: is follus co nach mesa labras mo thenga-sa innossa oltás in tan ro tescad hi that my tongue does not speak worse, PH 799.

superl. cia mesam hi trebod? what is worst in a household? Triads 223. trí ata ferr i tig . . . trí ata messum i tig, 227 - 8 . cia measom do cain tsaorraith? (.i. caidi inní is mesa), Laws ii 194.2 , 5 . measam bean banchánti, ACL iii 230.154 . a dūil is mesa dona hulib dúilib worst of all creatures, PH 8281. oen is mesa ro gen do shil Adaim, 3079 . cia ben is mesa do mnáib? worst of women, ZCP viii 13.11 . sáeth ┐ galur ┐ cech aingcis bad messo do duine worst for men, iii 210 § 16 . messam cach main, CCath. 4606 , is an archaism, the phrase being prob. proverbial.

Folld. by DE the compar. mes(s)a (messu) de becomes mes(s)aite, later meiste, miste, misde, a form which gradually replaces mes(s)a to a great extent, the force of -de being of- ten obscured or lost. conná léicther dún cid aithigud ar n-iaronn . . . corup messu-de dun (= ut inde maiorem tribula- tionem habeamus), Lat. Lives 57.6 = gurab mesaiti, Trip. 218.19 . uair na tarfaid duib ni d'ulcc, | is messaiti for n- intliucht, SR 1244. fo-bíth na rucad gubreith, naptis messaiti a thorthi that his crops might not be the worse thereof, Ériu iv 24 § 10 ( LL 106b8 ). rafetammár in gilla . . . ┐ ní messaite fria fis is dalta dún we know him none the worse (because) he is a foster- ling of ours, LU 4973 = mesaide, TBC-LL¹ 485. eser ní re ndol ar fecht . . . ní ba mesoitti t'imt[h]echt your journey will be none the worse (for eating), ZCP vii 269 § 15. bá messaide a menma lais a chluinsin `his mind was the worse for hearing it', ACL i 8.5 . ni messaiti seom de sin . . . ni pat fer[r]dde siu, ZCP iii 4 § 9 (where de is expletive = nir bo measaiti seom sein, YBL 112a48 ). meisde dun gurbh Ulltaibh ind the worse for us that we are Ulstermen, Irish Texts ii 108 § 34. is misti dontí leis a ragham i cenn catha, CCath. 1673 (mesti, meste v.l.). is iontuighthe nach miste don fhíréan olc ná anfhochain, TSh. 10911. nara mesti Dia frit-sa hí may God be none the harder on thee for it (the curse), LB 273a66 = narab mesdi, CCellaig 184. adubairt C.c. nar misde an cloc a beith gan tengaidh that the bell was no worse for not having a clapper, BCC 132.7 . a ndul ní mesti lem I do not object to their going, CRR § 14. ní meiste lium dol a clí, ZCP vii 301 § 10. nach nderna se en-ní bud mesde les do denamh air fein anything that he would not like to be done to himself, BCC 262.27 . biodh an comhairlech crionda . . . narab misdi let a bheith bocht do not mind if he is poor, Mac Aingil 199.10 . ní fedar gur misdi in builli ugud do thabairt `that there was harm in blowing the blast', ZCP vi 73.6 . ní fedar-sa gur misdi a marbad, 74.36 . an misde urnaighthe do dheunamh ina bhfiadhnaise? Ni misde is there anything wrong in praying before them (i.e. relics), Luc. Fid. 93.10 . ní misde go ndéinigh Dia breitheamh- nus eadrainn (= may God judge betwixt us), Eochairsg. 102. 21 . cár mhisde bean dom thréigean? what harm if a woman forsakes me? Dánta Gr. xiii 11 . gar misde dhuit airtegal eigin dod chreidimh . . . do thaisbeuna what harm would it do you to set forth (= it would be well for you to set forth), Luc. Fid. 313.1 .

II As subst. o, m. a bad man, an evil doer , nearly always in pl. uilc, gl. errantes, Wb. 30c26 . 6a9 . do dechrugud etir maithi ┐ ulcu, Ml. 19d2 . acht ní ro fúit[er] oilcc dia guin provided evil men are not sent, Laws iv 336.3 . Men of base degree, the rabble (distinguished from maithi `optimates'): is cuma no airctís na mathi ima n-indmus ┐ na hulcu ima mbiad, LB 154b16 . go ndeachadur a mbáthadh mórán dá mathaibh ┐ da n-olcuibh, Gadelica i 130.682 (Pairl. Chl. Tom.).

III As subst. o, n. (later m.) evil, wrong; an evil, misfortune , in wide sense. In glosses the uninflected form of n p. is used after the art. a n-olc the evil, Ml. 33d2 , cf. Wb. 1c10 . ar ind ulc fodaim nech, Ml. 99b1 . cid na olc mbec, gl. ne quid parvum malum , 35d9 . olcc tarési n-uilcc ( malum pro malo), Wb. 5d28 . dechair eter olcc is maith, SR 1255. tan is d'oencraunn maid [= maith] is uilc, 1247 (form due to rhyme). fiss uilcc ┐ maithiusa, MacCarthy 52.20 ( LB 110b59 ). olc do rada rim, TBC-LL¹ 3751. olc duit-siu ill befall thee! (?), SCC 29 ( LU 3535 ). nephdenum neich di ulc fri nnech dogní olc frit not to do aught of evil to any one who does thee evil, Ml. 23c20 . is coir t'olc do denam to do thee harm, TTebe 4263 , cf. 2158 . atu im ulc, nimfuil im maith I am in evil plight, TBC-LL¹ 2325 = i n-ulc . . . i maith, St. fada bias Éiri 'na hulc | iar ndith do Colman, ZCP x 52.21 . Goill is Gaoidhil i n-ulc de (will be) the worse for it, Cog. 204.22 . ro feallais orum ┐ tiucfa a olc aniugh duid the evil consequences of it, ZCP vi 41.17 . pl. inna olc-sa, gl. haec mala, Sg. 217a8 . dubartis inna olc forum-sa (adversa), Ml. 89a2 . nícon rabatar olca betis mou (ultimis malis), 100c11 . digail for S. inna n-olc dorigeni side fris, 55d4 . beti uilc immda ┐ imnedai móra isin ló sin, FA 34 (LB). boi C. for dibeirg ┐ dognidh ulcu caich used to wreak injuries on all, ACL iii 225.14 . i n-oirchill na n-olc bhíos ré tuirling orra, TSh. 532. An ill deed, wrongdoing : is suaill int olc dorígnis ┐ is sochaide doróine ulcu bud móu indatt, PH 6473. ra ḟaismis ḟair na huli ulcu ┐ écora doriṅgni, TBC-LL¹ 2778 = olca, St. ar n-uilc . . . admum do Dia our sins, ACL iii 235 § 32. a uilc i gcionn gach chiontaigh, Dán Dé vii 15. na filid nā fitir so . . . cindas fhailgit a n-ulcu? how can they hide their faults? Auraic. 2008.

ar ulc fri (in order) to spite (injure): ar ulc friu, gl. nocendi [affectione], Ml. 72b22 . ar ulcc fri fraicc ind niad, Hy. v 71. ar ulc fri doíni, Fél. Ep. 422. ro fhaccaib Columcille Ére ar ulc re feraibh Erenn to vex, Anecd. iii 1.8 . as ar ulc fri mac M. doronsat an fheall sin `it was to annoy', AFM iii 852.10 . In pl. ar olca(ib)/ulca(ib): do crech Laigniu Fergal . . . ar ulcuib fri Cathal, RC xxiv 44 § 1 (ar ulc ri C. v.l.). Cf. dar ulcaib [ar ulc v.l.] ria `in order to cause her ills', TTebe 761 . do milleadh Connacht ar ulca fri Ruaidhri 'to annoy R.' AFM iii 34.13 . ar ulca la hua nD. 'to spite O'D.' vi 2236.18 . ar ulca re Maedocc, BNnÉ i 208.15 . dar ulcaib (ar ulc, v.l.) ria, TTebe 761 . ré ulca re Cairpri, BCC 132.28 . re olca re Thuathaibh D.D., Feis Tighe Chonáin 1638 . cá (gá) d'ulc (in later poetry, alliterating with d, the prep. and noun being treated as one word): a soithlighe gá d'ulc dhamh? `what harm could their wickedness do me?' Dán Dé xxi 30 = cad dulc, YBL 401a7 . ag Rudhraighe ga dulc dhó? `how does it hurt R.?' Studies 1919, 258 § 21 .

trúailligid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. trúailligid or dil.ie/42099
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: trúailligthe

v g (trúailnid) corrupts, defiles, putrefies: co truaillighfedh in duine, Irish Texts v 5.14 . truaillighidh beagán laibhín an taoisleadh uile =modicum fermentum totam massam corrumpit, TSh. 8918 . an neimh do ghabh Ádhamh ... do thruailligh é féin, 3298 . gur do dhíth grinn-bhreathnuighthe do truaighlíghthear na beusa, Donlevy 462.9 . Intrans. do thruaighlidh hailne, RC xxiii 12.8 .

Vn. trúailliugad: in tan imdaiges in silne sin maille ri truailliugad eirgid deathuigi fuara isna rannaib uachtaracha, Irish Texts v 24.20 . ? nach raibh aco ... taruinge gan truailíoghudh, CF Eg. 23 = trot[h]lugud, CF 48 . ionad comhnuighe Dé do thruailliughadh, Donlevy xiv 15.

Part. trúailligthe corrupt, defiled, impure: nach d'ór no d'argat truallnigthe, PH 7513 . in tan tanuc cus-in corp truailliche-seo, 8164 . do bhí sí ní sa thruáillighthe iona grádh ainmheasardha ná ise, Ezekiel xxiii 11 . gach uile ní geinter ar slighi truaillighthi mar atáit na crumha agá ngenemain ó'n cáith, O'Gr. Cat. 235.29. is samhuil ... dfúarán truáillighthe, duine ionnruic ag tuitim síos a lathair an chiontoigh, Proverbs xxv 26 . bí an corp truáillighthe aga chur, ┐ eirghidh sé gan truailleadh, 1 Corinth. xv 42 . as éigean don ní thruáillighthesi neamhthruáilleadh dho ghabháil uime, 53 . Med.: na lenna truaillighthi do glanadh, O'Don. Gram. 450.3 . da mbia iongar truaillighthe a ttimcioll nescoidi ab erysipelate putredo aut suppuratio malum , 23 K 42, 107.4 . Gerund. a gcosmhaileas iomháidhe dhuine shothruáillighthe ` corruptible ,' Romans i 23.