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ad-gnin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-gnin or dil.ie/463
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: -athgniniu, adgniatt, -aithgnintar, -aithnentar, atgnied, -aithgnead, conatcomgeontais, -athgneorsae, -aithgné, -aithgnet, atgnead, adgneth, asaithgned, atagensa, -aithgéna, atatgentar-su, -athgnitae, adgén-sa, -athgén, -aithchéin, -aithgein, ad-geúin, ad-id-geúin, -aithgeuin, -aithgiuin, atgeóin, aithgeóin, adgenammar, adrogenmair, -orgenamar, -aithgenamar, -athgénmár, atgenatar, -athgéntar, atgensat, aichensat, aithgensat, aithgeonadh, aithne, ætgnithi

v (* ath-gni-n-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 546 ). Indic. pres. 1 s. -athgniniu, Liad. and Cuir. 16.4 . 3 pl. adgniatt, O'Dav. 156 . Pass. sg. -aithgnintar, Sg. 29b10 . -aithnentar, Triads 188 v.l. . Indic. impf. 3 s. atgnied, ZCP vii 300.11 . -aithgnead, LU 5921 (TBC). Cf. 3 pl. conatcomgeontais `so that they knew not', CCath. 4777 , cf. 4800 .

Subj. pres. 1 s. -athgneorsae, BDC 126.354 . 3 s. -aithgné , LU 5870 (TBC). 3 pl. -aithgnet, Ériu ii 118 § 54 . Subj. impf. 3 s. atgnead, LU 10323 . adgneth, O'Curry 2165 ( Eg. 88, fo. 4(5)d) . With inf. pron. in rel. clause asaithgned, LU 8384 ( FB § 25 ).

Fut. 1 s. atagensa, Ériu xii 186 § 18 (TE2). 3 s. -aithgéna Liad. and Cuir. 22.4 . Pass. sg. atatgentar-su, Ml. 121d22 . Condit. 2 s. -athgnitae, IT i 144.21 .

Pret. and perf. (in early lang. frequ. with meaning of present) 1 s. adgén-sa, Wb. 12c13 . -athgén, LL 274b32 . 2 s. -aithchéin, TBFr. 206 . -aithgein, RC iii 345.25 . 3 s. ad-geúin: ad-id-geúin, Wb. 12c13 . -aithgeuin, Ml. 52 . -aithgiuin, Ériu ix 48 § 26 . atgeóin, Metr. Dinds. iii 224.11 . ro aithgeóin , Ériu iv 94 § 11 . 1 pl. adgenammar, Wb. 14d28 . adrogenmair, O'Curry 1887 (23 P 3, fo. 22a). Cf. also -orgenamar, CRR 17 , 33 ? -aithgenamar, RC xiii 222.33 . -athgénmár, LU 10800 . 3 pl. atgenatar, Ériu ii 102 § 10 . LU 8384 ( FB § 25 ). -athgéntar, RC xxv 348 § 3 . With s-pret.: atgensat, AFM vi 2214.11 . ro aichensat , CCath. 5558 . ro aithgensat , 5560 . ? Pass. sg. aithgeonadh, SG 121.33 .

Later as simple vb., see 2 aithnid.

Vn. aithne. Part. (pl.) ætgnithi (corrected from angnithi), Wb. 1b14 . See also as-gnin.

See con-gnin.

(a) knows, recognises: air nicon bia-som manibé aní hua n-aithgnintar ┐ hua n-ainmnigther, Sg. 29b10 . atatgentarsu gl. cognosceris, Ml. 121d22 . ni naithgeuin ┐ leicsi huad `he did not recognise him', 52 . ni rabi la Ultu fer asaithgned amal ro salchad, conid i n-a labrad atgenatar there was not . . . anyone who recognised him . . . so that it was by his speech that they recognised him, LU 8384 ( FB § 25 ). ecmaic atgeoin-sium for erlabrai ind fir co mbo druth he knew by the man's speech, LU 5874 (TBC). atgéoin ba doib forruised in praind, 1715 . aithgin a athair and ornasc imma meor, his father recognised . . . the gold ring, RC xii 72 § 44 . Pret. frequ. used with pres. meaning: adgenammar a séis `we know his meaning', Wb. 14d28 . a mbelra-sa no labraimsi . . . atgenatarside they know it, Ériu ii 102 § 10 . ? nis fuighli nad ergeouin, Laws i 296.20 . atatgen, is tú rommalt I know thee, it is thou who fostered me, SR 2887 . atgénammár asa samail in fer sin we recognise, LU 8605 ( FB 46 ). aithgén ar a mbernaib beit mairt ili, LU 6623 (TBC rhet.). atgeon-sa isat filid, MR 68.3 .

(b) perceives, is aware of: ataat tri laa . . . o atam-ni ic imbirt na fidchille acht nat aic[h]enmar lasin mbansoillsi, TBFr. p. 18.10 . atgniat na Gaill gur bhó celg rohinnledh, Hugh Roe 84.17 (fo. 22b) . atngneadh i n-aghad hin duine in galur no-m-bid fair atgnied . . . al-lín no-mbid conn galur ann (of a physician), RC iii 344.11 . roaithgeóin (conaithgéoin, v.l.) smacht féig fíadnach he experienced keen well-known discipline(?), Ériu iv 94 § 11 . Of knowing sexually: nír forfáemusa mnaí atgnead fer, LU 10323 .

athchomarc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. athchomarc or dil.ie/4713
Last Revised: 2013

o vn. of ad-comairc. act of asking, enquiry; request, question: arrufoitea epistli uaidib som co n-aidchomarcaib cucisom gl. questionibus, Wb. 9d14 . ail dam ní d'a.¤ huait, SR 1205 . tiagair di a.¤ Cano, Anecd. i 4.18 . arfoemad . . . aithcomarc neich dond áos fuirbti `he would sometimes allow holy persons to consult him', Mon. Tall. 135. 23 (§ 23) . manibé nech aile bes lór laiss . . . do athcomarc fris `if there be no one else of sufficient authority for him to consult with', 160.20 (§ 79) . fritamgair céin . . . / . . . / is ed a.¤ is nesam / dūin diar cobhair, ACL iii 294 § 11 . docuas . . . dia athcomarc dia Mathair dus a ndingned olc, YBL 137a21 . no bíd Poir oc a.¤ Alaxandir dona míledu asking the soldiers about A., Alex. 763 . ba hannfhocal d'feraibh Érenn . . . a athcomarc diaroile an . . ., Leb. Gab.(i) 76.24 . acc á.¤ scél ndó, AFM v 1864.4 . Sense not clear in: cia lin a.¤ fil im cach ernail dibh? . . . a tri . . . roscadh ┐ fasach ┐ testemain, Cóic Con. 26 § 3 . Cf. cóir n-athchomairc below.

In phrases. cenn athchomairc chief counsellor: conda ragbat fir Herend do chomarlid ┐ do chind athchomairc dóib, LU 9665 . ticfea in chaindel do muintir Dé . . . bes chenn n-athchomairc don tua[i]th sea .i. Senán, Trip.² 2427 . iarna comairle re cenn athchomairc bes accu, Laws iii 36.17 Comm. co cend n-athchomairc Muman, co brithem Caisil, Ériu iii 140.157 . ceand áthcomhairc Gearaltach, AFM v 1762.1 . ? Cf. co agu athcomairc, O'D. 1958 ( Eg. 90, 7(8)ab ).

Cóir n-athchomairc, name of one of the procedures used in deciding a law case, see Cóic Con. p. 3 , 10 - 11 . coic conara fugill fegaiter and .i. fir et dliged, cert ┐ techta ┐ coir n-athchomairc, Cóic Con. 15 § 1 . .v. sreth failsigthi na [con]aire fugill is choir n-athchomairc: coir n-athchomairc do-eclannar im cach solam sonaisc, acht ar-dloma deruisc fir foglamma fiss i.e. cóir n-a.¤ is chosen in a case which has been well-prepared and for which suitable guarantees have been given, provided this is the decision of one learned in law, 22 § 18 and p. 80. coic slechta .xx.et in chorusa fine, is ed acarair forin chonair fugill is choir n-athchomairc, 23 § 20. is siat a n-airge . . . raith fri techta, aitiri caomtachta fri coir n-athcomairc, § 21. ┐ ara ind hi as cetharda fris ngaibther athgabail: fir ┐ dligid, cert ┐ techta ┐ coir n-athcomairc; ar in coir n-athcomuirc is ainm coitcend doib uile du i mbeth corai fechemoin fri aithcomarc a breithi don breithemuin, Laws i 258.20 Comm. (cf. Cóic Con. p. 79 ). aidire caomtechta fri coir nathcomairc, 282.8 Comm. ecoir n-athcomairc, Cóic Con. 28R . cis lir gealla athcomairc? .i. o fechemuin ata na gealla so acht da geall o cintach nama, Laws ii 94.y . menma athchomairc `an enquiring mind', Tec. Corm. § 3.6 .

Cen a.¤ without (asking) permission: cach dichmairc .i. cach errach berar o neoch cen athcomarc, Laws ii 352.24 Comm. cen a.¤ don gillu, LU 5551 (TBC). gan a.¤ gan fhiafraigidh dá athair, AFM vi 2230.z . co ná diccseadh aon táirsibh . . . gan a.¤ `without examination', 1896.9 . ístait coin allta do chorp / isin écht gan athc[h]omarc wolves shall eat thy body for this deed without asking questions i.e. without more ado, ZCP xii 391.13 . Hence in sense of permission, consent: ind raibi athcomarc lat? `didst thou ask permission ?' Mon. Tall. 135.28 (§ 24) . munab athcomairc tuaithi teis .i. manab amlaidh dech inte arna a.¤ do da tuaith, O'Curry 2192 ( Eg. 88, 7(8)c ) `unless he goes with the consent of his tribe', Plummer MS. notes.

Sense not clear (perh. guard-house Celtica xviii 98 ) in: cethri doruis airri im-mach / . . . / frisin tetblai . . . / frisin cetna [a]thchomarcc (of the lawn of heaven), SR 407 . tri athchomairc cech doruis / . . . / fri cach clothalt . . . / a.¤ for cach oenmúr, 461 .

cuit

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cuit or dil.ie/13717
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: cuitig, cotach, cotanna, cotannaib, cuitig, cuta, cuid, cuitigh, cotcondaib

n i, f. Later also with velar inflection (a d s. cuitig, g s. cotach etc. and nasal inflection (a pl. cotanna, d pl. cotannaib) . For n s. cuitig see Thurn., ZCP xx 367 . ? n s. cuta, CRR 43 , 44 , cited below (if not predic. g s. or to be referred to ad-cota). cuid f., IGT Decl. § 42 . cuitigh f., § 187 . d p. cotcondaib, O'Gr. Cat. 289.33 .

1 share, part, portion : adbur an tseóil ... ┐ sé 'na secht cotannaib, Ev.Inf. (LFF) 191 § 40 . dénaidh cranncur umna secht cotannaibh sea, Ev.Inf. (LFF) 191 § 40 . dar éis chota na mban, Metr. Dinds. iii 14.178 . ch.¤act of God (of death of woman), Cáin Ad. 42 . gor cuir a c[h]uitig go ceart / go cubaidh 'san cantairecht (of Gregory the Great), ZCP viii 114.22 . leth do chuite, LL 36668 = chota, Fél. 64.25 . c.¤ na n-anmand n-indligtech, MacCarthy 62.w . nocho nfuillter o choitibh, Auraic. 1444 = o chouitibh, 4494 . aithgin a chota, Laws iii 270.16 Comm. im ithlaind i cuitib `in shares', i 124.17 . fer codach ain fir (leg. aínḟir ?) `a freeman', Celt. Rev. iv 204.12 (see n.). conid airimh in sain is fuilliu anda coit tre taithmet a lethe ` factors ', Auraic. 1452 . go ndearnattar cotanna croinne . . . ┐ blodha bearnacha . . . ┐ aisleagha cearta . . . do na craoiseachaibh, Eachtra Uill. 3016 . éisdidh re cuid Moire a mhná `the verses to Mary', Dán Dé xxvi 43 . a cuidich ar na fasdodh `their wares thus bespoken' (of poets), Magauran 852 . rannais E. . . . cúigeadh Ch. i n-a thrí cotchaibh, Keat. i 116.z . a chodcha íochtaracha = lower parts, Isaiah xliv 23 . tig ót omna ḟaidcheannaigh / an chomhla na codchannuib in pieces(?), IGT Decl. ex. 69. 2106 . ba chuta dom ṡeilbse sain ale for seilb neich n-aill n-aile, LL 23161 `a right of my possession', CRR 43 . ba chuta damsa, LL 23165 `a part(?) for me', CRR 44 . c.¤ péne see pían . c.¤ tobaig, Binchy, Celtic and Anglo-Saxon kingship 18 . Of share in an action, participation: nād bi coimtig laech nó læiches nād bī c.¤ oc marbad duini `that has not had a share in . . .', RC xv 488 § 7 . a-tá dhóibh cuid i n-a chrochadh, Dán Dé xxxi 28 . na bid do chuid ic denum uilc frissin duine firen sa (Pilate's wife's message), Rawl. B 512, 72b cited Plummer MS. notes. Perh. also: gach arg cumhdaigh ar do chuid `belongs to thee', SGS iv 60 § 3 . bí ar mo chuid be on my side, Dán Dé i 3 .

2 With follg. prepp.: c.¤ cáich dinrath diadu, Wb. 5d6 . truagh an chuid-sin dom chrábhadh, Dán Dé xxviii 25 . do chuid don chondradh `thy part in this transaction', O'Hara 2258 . fá phéin . . . a choda don tsaoghal do chailleamhuin wordly goods, Desid. 3970 . a chuidigh ar an gclasach, IGT Decl. ex. 2107 `his part of the ditch', Bard. Synt. Tr. 180.11 . ni dlig fer in bunait c.¤ indib `the original owner is not entitled to any share in them', Laws iv 180.24 . manibe cuid deid inda gabail `if thou have no share in receiving them', Mon. Tall. 128.17 . ann . . . ní roibhe ar gcuid `no claim on it' (of heaven), Aithd. D. 97.32 . ni fuil cuid duib isin fir sa (to demon), Otia i 115.6 . ismaith ach.¤ occa `good is His share in it', Wb. 26d18 .

3 Of property, possession, means : do chuaidh mo shúil tar mo chuid, Dánta Gr. 88.1 . ar tairccsin a choda (cotach, R), Grail 3842 . mo chuid is cuid mh'anma, Dán Dé xxix 10 . ní . . . do chuid na comharsan neighbour's goods, Parrth. Anma 2537 . adhluicthear iad lé cuid dhuine eile at somebody else's expense, Mac Aingil 971 . bith-shearbh do chruth ┐ do chuid `followers(?)', Dán Dé xxix 22 .

4 Of partiality, love for a person: ni fil diib mnaí nachit charad no ná beth c.¤ duit who was not partial to thee, LU 3269 ( SCC 6 ). ni raibi c.¤ menman na aicenta di ann she had no vestige of love for him, Acall. 5696 . mo cuid, mo cuisle (term of endearment), Ériu ii 89 § 9 . `mochuidig tu' ol in t-espocc; conid de do len Mochuda de, BNnÉ 291 § 5 . ro ba chuid chroide leo faicsin na bflathuaisled `their hearts hailed the advent of . . .', Caithr. Thoirdh. 56.35 .

5 portion of food, meal; evening meal (frequ. cuitig in this sense. Cf. "cuddy", Irish cuid oidhche, of the State Papers', Féil. Mhic Néill 21.11 ). oc ergnom cota methli, LU 4349 . opar in lochta asa c.¤-seo, 4351 . ind ingen no gebed láim fora cuitseom, 6006 (TBC). slicht a ḟíacal 'na ch.¤ (sign of fop), Triads 103 . co mbad ch.¤ fíach, Ériu iv 94.6 . caith do chutig, LB 151a35 . is ferr . . . a chutig do breith dó `his ration', MacCongl. 13.27 . a cuidigh nír chognadair, IGT Decl. ex. 1344 . co fargdais c.¤ na aidchi (of birds), TBC-LL² 1707 . tar cend chota na hoidchi by way of supper, LB 134a48 . cuid corgais, BNnÉ 282.22 . ar ēnchuid Chorghuis, Celtica i 219.348 `principal meal on a fast day', Gloss. thoirbhir é féin dúinn ina chuid dhēidhenaigh Last Supper, Parrth. Anma 833 . cuid ┐ dīnnéur prandium . . . coena, Rial. S.F. 350 .

6 Of cited words force, meaning: ise c.¤ in dilmuin is ecin, Laws ii 82.15 Comm. is e c.¤ in acht and, iv 42.1 Comm. 46.11 Comm.

7 As pron.: c.¤ oc marbad duni some, Ériu xix 60 § 8 . in c[h]uid nār marbad dīb those who . . ., ML² 385 . do chuid ēigin do na cairdionālaibh, Beatha S. F. 927 . cuid 'na ndúsgadh dhíobh ┐ cuid 'na cciúnus, 1051 . ro mebaid ar in cuid ele the others, Grail 3315 . ag gabháil ar chuid aca, ┐ ag marbhadh choda eile, Mk xii 5 .

8 With follg. gen. some, a certain amount : cen ch.¤ ṅdígnai `without a whit of reproach', Fél. July 29 . cuid focall ┐ impide, AU i 560.12 . cen ch.¤ cairde, Snedg. u. Mac R 12 § 50 . cuid amharais `matter of doubt', TD 7.4 . a Chrīst gan cuid cairighthe O Christ free from censure, ACL iii 230.z . gan chuid caithmhe, Dán Dé iv 20 . mairg fer budh cuid coindmedha, IGT Decl. ex. 864 . Follg. exx. from Laws are perh. to be refd. to this section, though sense may be rather due, proportion, fixed amount, etc.: c.¤ forbaig, Ir. Recht 34 § 36 . do cuiti frithe `waif-share', Laws v 324.1 Comm. co cuiti geill, 346.20 Comm. cuitig tobaig `Eintreibungsanteil', Ir. Recht 59.12 (see above). ma fis cen trebaire, dilius cuiti feasa iar ndechmad, ┐ ni fuil crich fri cuite trebaire, O'Curry 2392 ( Eg. 88, 30bb ). is cuiti treb-dire is esbadhach air[e] `a share of house-`dire ', Laws v 162.25 Comm. is é c.¤ tucaite gach neich dib, O'D. 578 ( H 3.17, 444 ) (see tucait). cuit urgnuma `Besorgungsanteil', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 59 § 30 . With possess. and follg. gen. of noun replacing simple noun: íc ithí a codach arain ┐ immí eating their bread and their butter, IT iii 101. z . do chuid chroinn ón aongha inn thy lot, Aithd. D. 84.19 (see n.). co cabra a c.¤ carat dear ones, Ériu xix 5 § 5 . in bhar ccuid ionnmhais, Beatha S. F. 2235 . ? ní fuil écht do choite féin inti (a horse), SG 242.32 . Phr. c.¤ ronna appar. = c.¤ : mo chuid ronna dhíobh ar ndul `after the death of my chosen ones', Aithd. D. 14.21 . dod chuid ranna go rua sinn `may I come among thy folk', Dán Dé xxviii 22 . loighead na codach comhronna, Ériu viii 135.2 . bhur ccuid ronna = portio vestra, Rial. S.F. 1460 . an triocha chét sin . . . do chuid ronna, Hugh Roe² 40.10 . Note also: cor' brisidur muineil chodach acu some of them, Fier. 213 . ataid lochta nach cuidich orro considerable(?), IGT Metr. Faults§ 87 .

9 a matter of, a mere : ni síratrab act is c.¤ fresligi, Wb. 3d4 . isc.¤ airicc camai nigaib airechas `it is a mere finding however; it gets not leadership', 3d8 . ní ba c.¤ adíll cucuib-si gl. manebo; a matter of a (mere) visit (?) `a passing visit', 14a8 . Cf. 27b25 and Ml. 102a15 . cid do uáir .i. c.¤ hóre gl. etsi ad horam, 16b5 . c.¤ ree `for a time', Tur. 71 . ní c.¤ broto acht is dugrés gl. ad momentum, Ml. 32c10 . c.¤ foammamigtho tantum ón `as to subjugation only', 67c2 . is c.¤ atoíbthe nammá `it is a mere adherence', Sg. 29b15 . 18 . anas c.¤ erroris annt gl. non ipsum errorem, ZCP vii 481.29 ( Enchir. Aug. 74b ). This may also be the use in: cuid aidhbhsighthe, Content. xiv 47 . ger chuid mhaoidhimh `something to boast of', O'Hara 917 . TD 10.22 . mélltar is-in c.¤-si do'n chennaigecht, PH 7585 `in this very matter of merchandise', Gloss.

10 In phr. ar ch.¤ with gen. as regards : arch.¤ óisa et bésa `as regards age and morals', Wb. 28d24 . arcomfulidib ar ch.¤ ceneuil `our kinsmen by race', Ml. 66d1 . ar ch.¤ suin tantum , Sg. 59b8 . 112a2 . 138a5 . 200b8 . ar ch.¤ choemdha `in the matter of cohabitation', Blathm. 154 . atometha lat ar mo ch.¤ féin, LU 10907 `as for me', Ériu xii 184 § 14 . Note also: is í breath rucadh uir[ri-si] ana c.¤ féin, Ériu iii 150.x . ar chuid Chuinn . . . ar a cuid(h)siomh, ML 70.29 . mo cuid-se dhe, as lor leam . . . as for me, Luc. Fid. 3765 . ? ní bá mo ch.¤-se . . . dorega farcend `so far as concerns me, ye shall not be opposed', TTr.² 338 = ZCP xxx 53 .

11 With cid: cid c.¤ a foraithmit dam `even as to their recollection by me', gl. in memoriam, Ml. 37c14 . cid c.¤ a ocmaide nammá `even as to touching it only', 39a10 . cid c.¤ áimraid commenic `even as to mentioning it frequently', gl. in familiarem usum, 11 .

12 In adv. phr. ara ch.¤-sidi however, nevertheless (`as to it', `as regards this', etc., Thes.): nímptha fírion ara ch.¤ sidi gl. sed non in hoc etc., Wb. 8d24 . ciasu airegdu in fer arach.¤ sidi nirubi nechtar de cenalail neque mulier sine uiro , 11c17 . arách.¤ sidi is de corpore dissi gl. num ideo non est de corpore? 12a26 . ni fetar sa mo imthechta arach.¤-ade gl. si autem tardauero, 28c10 . ar[a] ch.¤ sidi gl. quamuis, Sg. 184b1 . 195b4 .

do-immoirg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-immoirg or dil.ie/17863

Forms: do-immurc, do-m-immuirc, timmargad, timmar, da-imchomarr, timcomair, doimmarr, do-n-imaircfi, dan-immart, do-b-imchomartt, timmorcar, du[m-]immaircthe-se, doimmairctis, do-n-immarthae, du-immarthar, timortae, timorcon, timarc

v (* to-imb-org-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 589 ). Indic. pres. 1 s. do-immurc, Sg. 181b3 . 2 s. do-m-immuirc, Wb. 23b36 . Ipv. 3 s. timmargad, Ml. 136c8 . Subj. pres. 3 s. ná timmar , Cáin Ad. § 31 ; (with perfective -com-) da-imchomarr, Ml. 77a12 . timcomair (-arr, v.l.), O'Dav. 1537 . Fut. 1 s. doimmarr, Wb. 9a20 ; later with ¤b- fut., 3 s. do-n-imaircfi, O'Dav. 1591 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. dan-immart, Ml. 14b14 . do-b-imchomartt, Wb. 3b21 . Pass. pres. s. ní timmorcar , Sg. 3a4 . Impf. s. du[m-]immaircthe-se, Ml. 73c4 . pl. doimmairctis, 36a26 . Subj. impf. s. do-n-immarthae, 130c21 . Fut. s. du-immarthar, 90a9 . Part. timortae. Vn. timorcon, timarc, etc. Later as simple vb. timaircid.

Presses, compresses in lit. and derived senses: gl. arctare, Ml. 131a10 ; coarctare, 39c32 , 73a4 ; angere, Sg. 181b3 ; part. translates artus, Ml. 27a4 , 57a6 ; arctus, 44a2 .

(a) In lit. sense: doimmaircet ind éoin a n-ette friu press their wings to their sides, RC xxi 378.2 . doimairg cricha narrows (?), ZCP iii 453.12 . no thimoirced a láma fria thoeb, LB 124b28 . [frith an seol] timmarcté etir na dā clār squeezed between the two boards, Todd Nenn. 96 . tuslis ┐ timmortis in chomlai (i.e. he fell against the door), Ériu v 28.15 . co rotimsaig ┐ co rothimairg A. gripped A. tightly (of a wrestler), TTebe 2566 .

(b) presses on, urges, drives: dorimmart dochum n-iffirn, SR 860 . do imairg na bú síar, TBC-I¹ 1720 . timorc-sa na ceithri forsinn āth, 1621 . rostimairg reme . . . amal timairces seig mintu, LL 408a34 . srotha doimne . . . as inntibhsin dorimartais (sic leg.) a long dia mbādhudh, Lism. L. 3619 . dosnimairc in seol seach tragaib insi L., CCath. 3369 . rostimort gaeth . . . co hErinn, Leb. Gab.(i) 18 . nustimaircc leis ina fuair di mucaib, ZCP iii 261.16 . timairccthear Find isin chūil, RC xiii 7.5 . (with transference of obj.) timmaircther cúl dorcha dub | orn ar triur in-oen inud we three are driven together into a dark corner, vii 300 .

(c) gathers, collects, brings together, amasses (oft. synon. with timsaigid): rí dorimmart . . . i n-airc Noe . . . lanamain cach oenmil, SR 2501 . ratimsaigit ┐ ratimmairgit fir hErend go Cruachain, TBC-LL¹ 6121 . dorimarta geill cech feine di-si, ACL iii 325 . timuircter [in sugh] a soigthighibh, Marco P. 163 . mar thiomarcces an bhech an mil, ITS xvi 20 . timoircid [in genntligecht] brēcscēla, PH 723 . do tiomairgimair . . . rāiti Ippocrait ┐ Galen we have collected the sayings, 3 C 19, 2rb7 . donitear ém pold . . . ina ttimairgtear imaig na neithi sofecsana in which the image . . . is focused, 98va24 . (Fig.) do thiomarg a anam do Dhia concentrated his mind on, Ériu v 98 .

(d) gathers, assembles (intrans.): rothimaircset co hairm i mbui S., Marco P. 29 . timairgid ┐ donit sluaighid (bees) collect and swarm, O'Gr. Cat. 213 . timairgit ┐ comchruinnigit clier na heguilsi, Fl. Earls 62 . dorimart in tuile i n-arda swelled, RC xv 437 ( Dinds. 45 ) = dorumart, SG ii 481.18 .

(e) controls, checks, subdues: doimmarr a n-úail I will restrain their pride, Wb. 9a20 . ar Coimdiu . . . timmairgfid cuaird a dūla will check (i.e. correct?) the circuit of his elements, SR 8080 . cu rathraethum ┐ cu rathimaircem ar corp, PH 5827 . timairc hí (i.e. Éire) dot réir, KMMisc. 276 . ramimmart baeis ┐ brón have oppressed me, TBC-LL¹ 3982 . duine . . . timairgeas galar whom disease reduces, Corm. Y 42 .

(f) chastises: gl. castigare, Ml. 36a26 , 130c21 , 136a8 . romallach Dia Cáin cruaid . . . é féin rothimmairc co trén | tria na fhingail for Abél, LL 141b45 . ni sraiglend [mac Dé] a less macu . . . acht a meic fēn rostimairg, ZCP vii 297 . ríg Connacht cáem doscomart subdued them (i.e. enemies), Arch. Hib. ii 62, § 50 .

(g) compels, constrains: manibé nech . . . daimchomarr (leg. duda imch.?) dia chomalnad to constrain them to fulfil it, Ml. 77a12 . drem timairciter ar écin do denam thole Dé, FA § 23 . cid genti dodnimaircet do chaithim feolae, Mon. Tall. § 51 . munabat ucca lasin cēile is ecen donimairg do riar a flatha need constrains him to the will of the chief, Laws ii 318.2 .

(h) d.¤ ní for nech enforces on, compels (to): nach oén loittfis Cháin nAdamnān ┐ nā timmar for cāch, Cáin Ad. § 31 . dlegar do flaithaib donimairget cach dib for a deis the chiefs are bound to levy, Laws iii 20.6 . nocho timairgind dlighedh for in fer . . . a tabairt, O'D. 1598 ( H 5.15 10a ). ni tiumorgar for nech bes ro uasal, O'Curry 2488 ( Eg. 88, 39 ). dia mbe fine is forro thiumargar, Laws iii 68.19 Comm. rotimoircsett fair ar eiccin tichtain go hAdamnan compelled him forcibly to go, Anecd. ii 11 . is é timairg for cech eclais co raib a durrthech hi nglaine, Ériu ii 219 § 6 .

(i) Gramm. shortens , used to transl. Lat. corripere; esp. in part.: co regdar ┐ co timairciter (= produci et corripi possunt), Auraic. 1078 . in timarr .o. if it will shorten `o', 2950 . ind. .e. timmorte gl. correpta, Sg. 12a3 , 115a2 . ani is bath in tan is timmortae (cumair, v.l.) is bās fordingair `bath' with a short vowel means death, Corm. Y 114 .

2 éis

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 éis or dil.ie/19846
Last Revised: 2013

n i, ī g s. perhaps in Traig Ési, Ériu i 118.35 . g p. perh. in: ainm don eclais-sin Aposania (no Appodonia) .i. costa, fo bith na folliucht (no na n-essi) batar inti, PH 6336 (here costa is an adj. from cos, and the reference is to the traces of the Archangel's feet, cf. 6330 - 1 ). Trace, track: es .i. integ...┐ slicht, O'Mulc. 437 . eiss...integ ┐ slicht, 442 . éis .i. lorg; do fhagbhadh éis a chos isin gcloich .i. lorg a chos, O'Cl. ACL iii 10.11 (= vestigia Trip. 19.3 ). forruim a choiss forsind leicc | maraith a és (a es, dia æs MSS.), Thes. ii 310 = Trip. 404.17 . nicon fess eng na eis dib track or trace of them IT i 143.27 . ata slicht a da chos and beos, is de ata Traig Ési la hUltu `the Strand of the Track' Ériu i 118.35 .

Most freq. in adverbial and prepositional phrases with ar, di, do, tar (dar):

ar é.¤

(1) after, in succession to; remaining after, waiting behind: (a) in bliadain ar eis na ronda sin the year after that division MacCarthy 304.3 ( BB 13a7 ). in bliadain ar eis rige do gabail do, 306.18 . bliadain ar es cesda Crist, 304 . 25 . ni himda aici fer a himcair...ara eis not many has [learning] to support her after him (i.e. after his death) AU 1345 . do anusdair E. ar eis Fergusa E. remained after F. had left ZCP viii 551.2 = dia éis, TBC-LL¹ 1845 . ro fhagaibh sé Sir H. ara eis, ZCP vi 42.16 . cia uand bias ar eis a chéli? (or D.) which of us will survive the other? YBL 126b7 . (b) bia-so ar m'eissi-sea .uii. mbliadain, or C., YBL 126b8 .

(2) for, instead of: (b) as-ren a fine aithgin ar a eisi, Laws iii 158.11 Comm.

co hé.¤ till the end of, till after (probably modelled on ar éis etc.): (a) gan longadh...go héis a saltrach till he had finished his psalter BNnÉ 279.32 .

di ¤ , do é.¤ As the two preps. fall together in unstressed position from an early period, it is usually difficult to decide which is intended. In similar contexts we find: dom héis-se, Wb. 29d9 and: dim(m)ǽs, Ml. 23d6 , 9 (see below).

(1) above, in the preceding context (see Celtica xviii 85-86 ): (a) di ess (gl. retro) Ml. 2c1 . di éis (gl. retro) BCr. 31b5 . in secunda coniugatione diar n-eis, Sg. 195a2 .

(2) after, later in time than, following, succeeding to; resulting from: (a) cen nech dimm æs dim chlaind frim foraithmet, Ml. 23d9 , cf. 23d6 . conid he as ardepscop L. o sein ille ┐ a chomarbba dia eis, Thes. ii 308.5 . RC xxiv 174.17 . ACL iii 5.12 . ni bí cland dia n-ǽs (gl. nullam successionem filiorum relinquentes) Ml. 57d6 . slucit ...cach anmain d'eis a céle one after another IT i 183.14 . a bhfuair mé | d'easláinte d'éis a chéile, Dán Dé xiii 3 = YBL 371a5 . ni raibh sinn...gan airdrígh d'éis a chéile without one high-king succeeding another TD 28.18 . tig tairsib d'éis aroile mentions them in turn 3.30 . regnauit ...di eis a athar reigned in succession to his father RC xvi 416.4 . in bliadain da es the following year BB 12a19 = MacCarthy 296.11 . d'éis chatha Chnúcha, ML 2.3 . d'éis tionnabhraidh, TD 24.22 . an choróin do-gheibh d'éis an bháis, TSh. 2785 . d'eis Meic Dé do chur docum báis, Maund. 10 . RC xxviii 310.10 . dá éis sin after that, afterwards TD 13.47 . TSh. 9448 . (b) ticfait dar timma... ┐ nis bia a ngrad oc Dia dia esi after that, thenceforth MacCarthy 50.22 . do imthigh sí úaidh da eisi sin thereupon Maund. 131 . Ériu ii 182.25 . After (the death, times of) a person: (a) dia n-éiss a cuirp chráibdig | i mmemraib óir, Fél. Prol. 79 . marait dia n-éis a scela, RC xxiii 304 § 2 . do thaoibh a chlú dá éis san tsaoghal, TSh. 4140 . go ndearnadh luaithreadh dhí...go nach fríoth a tuarasgbháil dá héis, 64 . (b) bid Mag da Gési co bráth | dia n-esi after them IT i 161.1 . dorat dia chloind dia éssi, MacCarthy 64.29 . PH 4246 . for ar clannaib diar n-éisi, 3285 .

(3) Of remaining after, left, waiting behind, surviving: (a) in tain ro n-anis-siu dom héis-se, Wb. 29d9 . dessid E. dia éis remained behind after him TBC-LL¹ 1845 . ni fedar cid ros fasto dom es, Aen. 621 . fosrácbus im thaig dim éis ZCP iv 44.7 . olc na druinge do bhí beó dá n-éis who survived them TSh. 5533 (= tar a n-éis, 5526 ).

(4) After the departure of, in the absence of: (a) assolgi A. iarum a bosān dia ēis A. opened his (Fraech's) purse when he had gone ZCP iv 39.25 (= RC xxiv 148.15 ). Thes. ii 340.27 . cach fidbad dara tictís...ba crích machairi da n-éis they left it a level country MU 14.29 = LL 264a1 . ni rabhat d'eis neirt may they never be without power Anecd. ii 33.12 . Duan. F. i 21.1 . Cend Febrat...atchíu... | d'éis na rígḟían, Metr. Dinds. iii 226.4 . corrach mh'intinn | d'éis na buidhne after (i.e. lacking) that company TD 25.34 . Cf. biaid Temair d'eis a fir, LL 149b37 , and: aighthe an tslúaigh mar gríos na gréine | an uair bhíos Eire da éis (v.l. héis) when (the sun) has left Ireland behind, i.e. is setting KMMisc. 172 § 22 . (b) dochuaid C... | do char T.... Aed dia éise T. gave her love to A. in his (C.'s) absence Metr. Dinds. iv. 110.28 . Hence instead of: (a) corragaibsi in cucnecht da hes took the churning in her stead Thes. ii 332.34 . Cf. (b) luid dia ésse | a ben... | do chomét búar, Metr. Dinds. iv 196.13 .

(5) in forming a participial phr.: (a) ealta...d'éis a n-ionnalta a hór flocks...bathed in gold TD 40.7 .

(6) occasionally after in the sense of notwithstanding, in spite of: (a) tiaghaid... | ...ar fhód mhearaighthe | d'éis a ndeimhnighthe dhoibh sain | sein-shlighthe Póil is Peadair, Dán Dé vi 4 = YBL 365b . d'éis ar chaitheadar riamh ruinn...cor lem anacal níor ál despite all they had lavished on me TD 3.17 .

tar (dar) é.¤

(1) behind: (a) fég...dar th'eis look behind thee IT i 222.29 . eirg a n-inad nderrit ┐ dún tar th'éis shut (the door) behind thee PH 7998 . ro hiadadh comhla an taiste tar a n-éis was shut behind them Hugh Roe² 5.4 (f. 2b) . geibis M. scíath díten dar éis fer nhErend covered their retreat TBC-LL¹ 6073 . CRR 52 . mar dubhart annso tar m'éis as I have said above Content. vi 57 . (b) Dia dam frim lorg (.i. dar m' ési), Thes. ii 350.30 . tú tar a n-éssi ocá n-imdegail, FB 10 . ní bendais na hurchuir re muintir C. acht is tar a n-eisi do tuitidis, CCath. 1870 .

(2) after, later in time than, succeeding to; resulting from: (a) bid hé N. bus rí tar eis a athar, RC xxiv 192 y ; 182.20 . aidchi ndomnaig ┐ dia domnaich tara heis on Saturday night and the Sunday following it Mon. Tall. § 45 . Tir Cannain...nis-tā dar éis a n-ecnaig, SR 4734 . naoi mbliadhna tar éis catha Sulcoide, Cog. 90.15 . tar éis gcodail (v.l. cho., co.), TD 11.6 . tar éis an bhaistidhe after baptism TSh. 3341 . tar éis áir...do tabairt ar M., RC xviii 164.9 . TD 8.31 . TSh. 2552 . tar eis mar = postquam: tar éis mar do iarr M. air after M. had asked him TSh. 1931 . (b) cách dar hési álaili, Wb. 13 a9 . ind aidchi dara heisi the following night Mon. Tall. § 9 . acht an rut bia tar éissi du airm ┐ do saigtige those that thou shalt have by virtue of thy weapons Trip. 152.4 . Hence according to (?): (b) dar eisi a cuinn do cech mnai follows her legal guardian, acts according to her reason? (cf. cond, Laws) Ériu ix 47.4 . After (the death, times of) a person: (a) ní maith lim ind áil (leg. ail) sin d'ácbail i nUltaib dar m'éis to leave that reproach behind me TBC-LL¹ 1761 (tar mh'és, St). (b) lécfet desmbirecht...calmachta dona moeth-oclachaib dar m'esi, PH 6560 . co fharcbatís dar a n-ési comartha suthain, 3236 .

(3) remaining after, surviving: (a) slán don fheadhain-sin tar mh'éis to that band (I leave) behind me Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 9.1 . m'fagbháil tar éis mo chompán that I should be left behind TD ii 248.32 . (b) bai ade and tar ési mBenigni tri fichtea bliadne, Thes. ii 238.17 ( Ardm. 17a2 ). noco bia na cein . . | sunn i pein dar m'ésse-se after I am gone SR 2044 .

(4) after the departure of, in the absence of: (a) cach sruth ┐ cach áth...dara tictís ba lecca lomma dar a n-éis they left them as dry stones MU 14.31 = LL 264a5 . robrisidh an baile tar eis na nGall after the foreigners (had quitted it) RC xviii 287x . co mbertais...corp Tit leo dar eis Ipomone when Hippomedon had gone TTebe 3468 . (b) dar a n-éssi ba cáep chró | in Lug ros gáet ac Ráith Chró L. was left all imbrued in gore after them Metr. Dinds. iv 216.15 . do chóidh...fó thuairim na nEtailleach tánaic dia thír dara ese who had come...in his absence AFM v 1750 w .

(5) for, instead of: (a) pars pro tota ....i. in rand dar eis na toiti, Auraic. 664 . co tici do chutrommæ do fácbáil dar th'éis, IT i 127.26 . Cf. techtugad indligtech do brith isin ferand .i. ba tar eis eochu cows instead of horses Laws iv 32. 10 Comm. , where the acc. may be due to confusion of the simple prep. tar with the phr. tar éis. (b) nipo accobor lassin feir suide et a cheile do thuidect dar a hési, Wb. 13a20 . olcc tar ési n-uilcc (gl. malum pro malo) Wb. 5d28 . du éric uilc tar ǽsi alaili, Ml. 127a1 . tar ǽsi (gl. pro) Ml. 47a3 . 60c1 . 88a1 , etc. ( tar æsi, 49d1 . 61d4 , etc.). tar essi, 109d8 . a thuidecht i cride tar ési Dǽ in place of God Wb. 22b5 . ma dudéll ní taibred ní tar a éssi do bochtaib, 22b7 . duberar tar ǽsi locht which is inflicted for faults Ml. 105d6 . a `speciosus' asrubartsom is dar esi indi as `gloriosus' `the word "speciosus" is for "gloriosus" ' Ml. 64d8 . ...indí as infimatis romboí apud veteres tar ési indí as infimas file hodie, Sg. 200b3 . dearb laiss is e A. nobertha i n-nem dar a éssi in his place MacCarthy 48.31 . ni fuil aisiuc na set...co tuctur seoit tar a n-esi in their stead Laws ii 304.7 Comm. da grad tar eise in aengraid bes airdiu two ranks in place of (i.e. equivalent to) one higher rank iii 142.1 . do-rónus doibh dua[i]n ...ni tardad dúas dara heisi in return for it ACL iii 296.45 . mad ech [rogata nech] da ech dara esi, Ériu vii 154.17 (cf. mad rogata nech cairich ceotheora cairich tar n-essi 154.16 . manibe ní aschomra [sic leg.] ind fognam dar essi, 154.20 .). occ eráil ghiall ┐ aittire oile dar a éisi in his stead Hugh Roe² 5.17 (f. 3a) . ní rochosna nech aile | ní dot anim tar t' ési no other can strive for aught for thy soul in thy stead Ériu i 201.9 .