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1 cara

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cara or dil.ie/8205

 

Forms: carae, chare, c., carae, carit, carit, charait, cairde, chardde, charaid, charaid, caruit, charuid, cairde, cháirde, chardiu, cardiu, caraid, cairde, cairdeadh

n nt, m. GOI 207 . Earlier carae. n s. chare, Ml. 29c16 . c.¤ , Sg. 12b7 . carae, Blathm. 142 . a s. carit, Wb. 30b27 . n p. carit, Wb. 5c7 . Ml. 44c1 . mo charait , 6 . a p. cairde, Laws ii 380.14 . a chardde , LL 32598 (TTr.). Later forms: n s. mo charaid , Párl. na mB. 210 . v s. a charaid , TSh. 8887 . d s. with f. adj. (see O'Brien, Celtica ii 346-8 ) ha caruit cumachtaig, TTebe 3673 . am charuid mhóir, Desid. 5782 . n p. cairde, Ériu xiii 44.25 (proscribed, IGT Decl. § 6 ). v p. a cháirde , TSh. 958 . a p. im chardiu , LU 3493 ( SCC 26 ). cardiu, 2432 . ZCP iii 27.21 . PH 5797 . caraid, TTebe 2322 . Stair Erc. 2272 . TSh. 7129 . g p. cairde, Párl. na mB. 152 . cairdeadh, DDána 108.12 . m. only, IGT Decl. § 6 , but later also f. (see above and Desid. p. 249 ); bhudh í an ch.¤ (: thí), O'Hara 1272 (see n.). an ch.¤ chéibhfhionn, Ó Bruad. ii 28.7 (taken by Ed. to refer to female).

Friend : coscc carat `a friend's advice', Wb. 5b32 . manum gaibi ar charit `if thou takest me as a friend', 32a16 . is and asgniintar in charait intan mbither in periculis , Ml. 108b4 . c.¤ gl. amícus, Ir. Gl. 413 . diammad ch.¤ dam, LU 3320 ( SCC 11 ). lín a chomairce ┐ a charat, Críth G. 366 . a charaid claechmodha `Freunde des Wechselns', Ir. Recht 41.23 (see cláechlód). bid caro sochuidi, IT i 142.20 . mac Muire mo ch.¤ , 40.35 . ní diultach mo charae (: barae), Fél. Ep. 371 . mástat carait, LU 9091 ( FB 84 ). comainm carat (of the yew-tree), Auraic. 5656 . c.¤ ceathra (of the elm-tree), 5619 . da thigerrna carad companaig .i. don easpug, Ériu x 68 § 1 . is tigerna ┐ is c.¤ bunaid A. `original friend', TTebe 2324 . c.¤ an tí do ordaigh é `love be to Him', PBocht 8.12 . a gc.¤ anma confessor, O'R. Poems 2072 . rogha [cairdis] c.¤ maoir `the best of friendships is the steward-friend', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxii 1 . mo charaid ┐ mo chomharsain, TSh. 4243 . rena ccáirdibh spioradálta, RSClára 105a .

Less freq. relative (cf. Celtica i 369 ): huam chairtib gl. domesticis `from my kinsmen', Ml. 86d6 . ? ar id carut a ngenelaighe `their tribe relations are friendly', Laws ii 160.23 . E. ro marbh a caraid ┐ comgael, Stair Erc. 2272 . favith rogoidis voin ott caroid Críst gossip, Aisl. Tond. 100 § 3 . ? Cf. do ghaeltuibh ┐ cairdib na naidhiun `gossips of the babe', Marco P. 21 . gurob mó is c.¤ don nádur fuil derg naid leanda ele `red blood is more akin to the nature (of man)', Reg. San. 26.19 . comtar carait ┐ ind ingen he and the maiden were lovers, RC viii 150 § 2 . mairg . . . / . . . dian c.¤ Colco, Anecd. i 7.11 ( SCano 209 ). ní fhuighbhe an bhaintreabhach bhog / leannán ná céile carad (of Ireland), Keat. Poems 1146 .

Compds. (cf. GOI 208 ). With nouns: etir maccu rígan ┐ caratban concubines , LL 31643 (TTr.). iar s eter caratnáimta ataaid `false friends', Wb. 23c28 . In n. pr. Gúbretha Caratniad Tesct[h]i (title of tract), ZCP xv 306.1 . With adjj.: craibdig . . . .i. caradbethadaig .i. caraid cách a mbethaid, Fél.² xxxi gl. 16 (1) . imrad Cainnig caratchoem ` friendly-dear ', RC xx 148.1 .

cúl

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cúl or dil.ie/13749
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: chúiledh, caúlæ, caula, culad

n o, m. g p. chúiledh, Bard. P. 40.24 . for caúlæ , Mon. Tall. 151.17 . for caula , Ann. Conn. 1235.8 . ar culad , MR 264.z .

(a) back, rear; back of head, neck: cūl a collo , O'Mulc. 255 . o bun irlai co clais a chuil, LL 12968 . it é comlebra for c.¤ ┐ étan, BDD² 747 . tria ch.¤ a cind, TBC-LL¹ 1267 v.l. da nimpōind m'aiged i lleth atā mo chūl, TBC-I¹ 2580 . c.¤ a cinn `back of his head', Stair Erc. 587 . do iompoigh sé a ch.¤ d'imtheacht ó Sh., 1 Sam. x 9 . Also side, edge (?): ata cloch againne danad ainm iris ┐ .u. cula bis uirre, Celtica ii 125.147 . Of head of hair, hair on back of the neck: punnann chúil bhuidhe bhachlaigh, IGT Decl. ex. 583 . fine Chais na ccul ndruimneach, Manners and Customs iii 273 1. 20 of note. c.¤ mar ómra, Keat. Poems 197 . tighearna M. an chúil bhuidhe, O'Rah. 220.2 . In metonymy (pars pro toto): a ch.¤ na ród `o wavy-tressed Lord', Aithd. D. 70.21 . a fhir ṡochair ┐ a chul urbhaidhi, RC xliii 62.7 . Note also: céad cathbarr . . . / go g-c.¤ trom crest, ML 146.17 .

Appar. protection, keeping (if same word) in: indae do indell i cul [.i.] i comet . . . .i. aindil atai a cul a comet, Laws i 36.y—z . doberind culu (.i. comet) ar gart Find, LL 29424 (B. na filed). cul .i. coimed, Stowe Gl. 275 . cul coimhéd, Metr. Gl. Ff. 30 , 50 . D 45 . cul .i. comairce, O'Curry 2068 ( H 4.22, 67 ). mascul .i. mas fer, ┐ cul, comet, Auraic. 604 . ? C. ó nGuaire ní c.¤ creach, Magauran 173 (see n.).

Attrib. g s. annsin nincind chúil `in the posterior brain', O'Gr. Cat. 181.33 . a inchinn chúil, MR 282.6 . do thuit a cloch cúil d'Eirinn ` buttress-rock ', O'Gr. Cat. 400.3 . a gcloch chúil an gcéin do mhair, DDána 110.1 . a chré chúil supporting bank (of Mary), Aithd. D. 54.2 . an ccéibh ngobhlánuigh ccais ccúil, IGT Introd. § 81 .

In n. pr. Fotharta Fer Cūl, ZCP viii 301.23 .

(b) In phrases: c.¤ fri act of turning one's back on, renouncing; desisting from: c.¤ risin mbith, IGT Decl. ex. 617 . menma re cill / cūl re tuaith, ACL iii 306 § 9 . ní leam c.¤ red chíos-sa `I cannot rid me of my debt', Dán Dé xii 10 . In pn sobriquet C.¤ fri Héirinn (of Colm Cille), ZCP v 497 § 6 . Cf. isam [trú] gan ch.¤ re crudh `with no wealth to rely on (?)', Aithd. D. 62.6 . With vbs.: a ch.¤ do chur re peacadh to renounce sin, DDána 7.8 . iomdha bean . . . / . . . bhíos ag cor a gcúil re chéile, LBranach 5640 . cul do thochar friar naimdibh, Hugh Roe² 46.1 . dorat cul fri clotha who scorned fame (?), BB 299a24 . tuc cūl don loch, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1208 . cul do thabhairt don eagluis Romhanaigh, Luc. Fid. 2855 . ar dtabhairt cúil diath Fhionntoin, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 8 § 2 . ni thuccus c.¤ don oineach, BNnÉ 286.25 .

Very freq. with prec. FOR, IAR etc. as adv. phr. (for cúl, cúlu etc. back, backwards ) and as prep. phr. at the back of, behind ). As adv. phr. forcul gl. retro, Ml. 34b15 . techt forculu, 129d3 . dluthad . . . forculu, 50d6 . forculu gl. in terga, 26c8 . airimhthear in geinelach for culu, BB 35a34 . tíagait for cúlu, BDD² 471 . luid insruth forc.¤ , SR 7147 . conda tuc C. . . . for cúlu, Fing. R. 151 . leabhor do clōdh forcula ó theangaidh na T. to translate, Marco P. 1 . nó gur chuir M. ar cúla in céadfuidh sin refuted, Caithr. Thoirdh. 74.25 . A. Ó C. do chur ar cc.¤ `was removed' (of bishop), ALC ii 458.21 . tuile do char ar gcúlaibh, Aithd. D. 88.12 . Note also: a séan catha ar gcúl do-chóidh 'her success in battle vanished', Celtica xxvi 104 § 43 . dol ar cc.¤ ón sttaidd so = depart from, RSClára 17b . coibnes na liachtanu-su for cúla previous, PH 2986 . cēim ar cūlaib a step backwards, ML² 1380 . céim ar cc.¤ , 1462 . fosernd clothrī Connacht īer cūl places himself behind, ZCP viii 108.7 . gan lámh ar gc.¤ uile againn support, Dán Dé xix 18 . an corp . . . / . . . ar gc.¤ do bhaoi beo `came back to life', PBocht 5.39 . geilfini iar culaib .i. brathair thathar, ┐ mac co cuicer beos, Laws ii 162.1 Comm. rachad ar cc.¤ ┐ ar ccúla ┐ ar ccúlaibh .c. uile, Bard. Synt. Tr. 219.16 . dlegur ar tus a glanadh mailli re neithib inglanas ┐ cuiris an tinnes ar cul, Irish Texts v 32.6 .

As prep. phrase: docoid in grian fora culu gl. solis . . . regressio, Ml. 43d27 . ind raibi athcomare lat iar do ch.¤? `didst thou ask permission of those whom thou didst leave?' Mon. Tall. 135.x . in son file iarcul indi as sanctis `behind', Ml. 37a18 . fuchertat alaim iárna c.¤ gl. auertunt a gremis ad dorsum manum , 93a25 . iarnach. `behind it', Sg. 148b9 . bariagolda anainmmsin arach.¤ , 31b21 (see n.). diatechta briathra in go arac.¤ `if they have verbs in `-go' behind them,' 112b3 . ambís iarna chúul dindséit gl. quae quidem retro sunt, Wb. 24a17 . itá nách cumachta fora cul na n-én sa those birds have some occult power, LU 3276 ( SCC 7 ). læch . . . is dech robói ar c.¤ scéith ┐ claidib ┐ gai, TFerbe 386 . iar c.¤ na comlad, SR 3208 . ar c.¤ comhóil at a banquet (?), O'Hara 1839 . gabh an cúan ar c.¤ Árann, IGT Decl. ex. 1128 . er cul Peter apstel `on behalf of', Thes. ii 289.18 . is eiside ciado-rat raith iar cul dligid a n-Eire, Laws v 348.2 cited s.v. cul .i. tareis, O'Dav. 480 . cutrumus leth-iarrata . . . ar cul in athur `in aid of', Laws v 200.4 Comm. Hú Néill uile ar c.¤ Coluim `under the protection', Arch. Hib. i 361.3 . moghenar . . . ceall / bias ar cul in meic sin, Lism. L. 1854 . iarna chulaib ┐ ara belaib `behind him and in front of him', Ériu iv 30.6 . bai ica comthuargain ara aghthib ┐ ara culaib `forward and backward', CCath. 3612 . teithid ara cculuibh, BNnÉ 165.18 . dothoguibh Gyi Heront ara cúluib behind him on his horse, ZCP vi 38.34 . go ro chuirseat. . . a mbú . . . i ndroibhélaibh an tíre iar ná ccúlaibh, AFM v 1550.13 .

With DO (DI): co na berad do cul no do taibh `backwards or laterally', Laws iv 292.12 Comm. cet sceinm do cul no do thaeib backwards (of flail), v 158.9 Comm. secht traighi déc do chul no do thaib `behind it', iii 180.10 Comm. is cuma congontis . . . da culaib ┐ da aigid, TTebe 3772 .

Other phrases: dodeochatarside ┐ a c.¤ rempo backwards , LU 118 . tairnid . . . in mbial fora munél ┐ a c.¤ rempi reversed , 9031 ( FB 78 ). Gaoidhil is a gc.¤ re chéile at variance, Aithd. D. 24.13 . na súile i n-aimsir an éaga / . . . do-chím c.¤ ar aghadh iad back to front, DDána 36.8 . tánic C. do le[i]th a chuil co I. from behind, IT ii2 141.x . do chuadar a ndiaigh a ccúil backwards , Gen. ix 23 .

Compds. With nouns: cūlairecht . . . is a suide bīt rīgh ┐ espuic rear assembly, ZCP xii 359.15 . atá cúlaitiri iarna c.¤ , BDD² 605 . culbard ┐ srutbard (in list of dóerbaird), IT iii 5.15 . Ériu xiii 42.11 . bied do cholg culbémend, LU 10362 . fear na cúlchainte backbiter , Párl. na mB. 1762 . la Hīb D. cūlc[h]omét ríg Fer T. rearguard , BColm. 52.30 . cūlchomētaid ┐ dorsaid, Corp. Gen. 94.8 . téid an inghean . . . tré chúldoras back door, Keat. ii 2841 . nicoir átecht fo culḟiacli (of communion particle), Thes. ii 255.18 . cruimh 'na chúilḟíacuil chúasaigh, IGT Decl. ex. 677 . aga culgairm, YBL 152a12 . cúlchaint ┐ cúlghearra, Párl. na mB. 1782 . an cúlghearrthóir `detractor' (Gloss.), 1778 . cuilleabaid chorcoirderg, ZCP x 292.6 . mo chúilleath re croich nDé back , Aithd. D. 62.29 . goro-eidirdelaigh a cenn rea chúilmēidhe neck , ZCP xiv 232.13 . cúlmongae foraib, LU 7086 . noragdais fersde charpait triam chūlmuinēl neck, TBC-I¹ 2580 . culreang dromanna a cathmiled ` spines ', MR 314.25 . inda llatt bá culscian srúb cechtar de, LL 33443 `not double-edged', Contribb. 560 . sí ic cúlṡnámh ┐ ic táebsnám swimming on the back, Acall. 3212 . mo theagasc duit ar eagla na cúilstéille ` back-cut ', Ó Bruad. iii 2.3 .

With adjj.: du ri Dail Cais cuilbuidhe fair-haired , BB 271a29 . in barrann (leg. barrḟinn) cuilcenann (of horse), H 3.18, 85b22 . mic Culclain (n. pr. m.), Laws i 150.16 . Ciar Cúldub, Corp. Gen. 31.23 . flaithius ind ḟir chíchmair chulḟind with fair back hair, LL 1273 . Cormac Cúlḟoda .i. c.¤ foddai fair, Cóir Anm. 113 . C. mic Cormaic culglais, Fen. 126.2 . ón Chúlglaiss Chonaill Chernaig (subst. of spear), Anecd. i 37.3 . le cloinn chúillebair Cholmán, SG 65.46 . loṅgas nacúllom (of the Danes), SR 2378 .

With adjj. formed from nouns: m. Orni Cūlbennaig, ZCP viii 334.11 . an cúlchainteach munabrach, Párl. na mB. 1772 . do phearsanaibh cúlráidhteach, 1483 . a n-aghaidh Guill chúil-sgathaigh, Duan. F. i 13.29 `bushy-headed (?)', Gloss.

See cúil, cúlad, and cúltech.

daimid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. daimid or dil.ie/14221
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: damuid, -daim, -dam, -daimenn, -damann, damand, damait, -da[i]met, daimes, dama, -dama, rodama, -damat, daimtis, nodaimtis, daim, dam, dáṁ, damaid, -dém, -déma, démait, -démaitt, -didam, -didem, -didma, -didemam, -démad, rodémad, rodá- mar, dámair, -dámair, rodámair, dámatar, rodámatar, -rodmatar, dámatar, damnatar, damhnatar, rodamnatar, furodamnatar, dét, rodét, -dam, -rodam, dam, rodaim, rodamastar, damsat, rodamsat, damsat, daimset, radamsatar, damth-, damd-, -damthat, dam- thatar, damdatar, damhdhatar, daimtis, damhdaois, damair, damar, -damar, -damair, -daimt[h]ear, -damthar, -damthair, damthar, damtha, -démt[h]ar, -démt[h]a, -demthaoi, dét, rodét, nirodamad, damad, détiu, damthain, -ditiu, -ttiu

v pr. i. ACT.—pres. ind. 3 sg. damuid, -daim, -dam ; -daimenn, -damann, damand after negation, Laws (Commentary). 3 pl. damait, -da[i]met. rel. daimes. pres. subj. 2 sg. dama. 3 sg. -dama, co rodama . 3 pl. -damat. ipf. 3 pl. daimtis, nodaimtis. ipv. 2 sg. daim, dam, dáṁ. 2 pl. damaid. future (a) ē-fut. 1 sg. -dém. 3 sg. -déma. 3 pl. démait, -démaitt. (b) red. fut. 1 sg. -didam, -didem. 2 sg. -didma. 1 pl. -didemam. sec. fut. 3 sg. -démad, rodémad. pret. perf. (a) pret. with no suffix. 1 sg. rodá- mar. 3 sg. dámair, -dámair, rodámair. 3 pl. dámatar, rodámatar, -rodmatar, nir dámatar ; damnatar, damhnatar, rodamnatar, cf. Fél. Oeng. and furodamnatar, Ml. 96 b 8 , 105 b 9 . Thurn. Hdb. 401 . (b) t-pret. dét, rodét. For dĕt see det. (c) s-pret. 3 sg. -dam, -rodam, nár dam ; rodaim ( Cog. 56. 11 ). depon. rodamastar. 3 pl. damsat, ni rodamsat , ní damsat , nir daimset ; depon. radamsatar. (d) pret. damth-, damd-. 3 pl. -damthat ; depon. dam- thatar, damdatar, damhdhatar. Cf. Thurn. Hdb. 401 . Zeuss 1092 b . Pret. subj. 3 pl. daimtis, damhdaois.

PASS. pres. ind. 3 sg. damair, damar, -damar, -damair ; -daimt[h]ear, -damthar, -damthair. subj. damthar. ipf. 3 sg. damtha ; subj. id. fut. 3 sg. -démt[h]ar. sec. fut. 3 sg. -démt[h]a. -demthaoi ( ZCP viii 223. 19 ). pret. perf. (a) dét, rodét. (b) nirodamad, nir damad . Cf. ACC § 75 (damad leg.).

VN. détiu, damthain, enclit. -ditiu, -ttiu.

I Endures, suffers : dia nnama noe (.i. dia ndama duine) for tír, Corm. s.v. noe . Cf. ar is nae duine ut est dia ndama nae for tír .i. duléici in duine céssad fair, BB 328 b 43 . damhdhatar .i. doḟuilngeadar, O'Cl. damdatar (v.l. damthatar, damadar) mór tadlech they endured many afflictions Fél. Oct. 15 . riana techt don rígu rodamnatar (v.l. rodamdatar, rodamatar) saethu they have suffered tribulations ib. Prol. 32 . rodamnatar uili (v.l. rodamdatar, rodamatar) they have all suffered ib. Prol. 53 . ni rodamair huar na te I have not suffered cold nor heat Trip. 140. 16 . cech dochruide rodámair ó ṡíl Ádaim cin teirci, 23 P 10, 95 .

ABSOLUTE : holds out, goes on with : damnatar la tri laaib ic ol, Mesca Ulad. suffers = dies. o rodamuir when she died Laud 610, 100 b . brooks, vouchsafes : ni rodamsat Ulaid co mbuaid choscair do Emain Macha in tsechtmain sin. Rodamastar immorro anim Conculainn co tárfad don .l. rígan, LL 122 b 30 . With fri stands, bears up against : ar is derb lind ni déma siriti bras birda na letheti út fri brúth ┐ feirg niad do letheti siu, LU 76 a 25 .

II Submits to a judgment, stands by, assents to a decision, accepts law. Frequent in the Laws in connexion with breth, 1 cert, cóir, dliged, etercert.

(a) trans. uair nár dam sam dligedh as he did not submit to the law Laws ii 304. 3 . intan damuir dligedh iumpu when law is submitted to respecting them ib. 298. 14 . inge mad nech ná dama coir iar séta táide, ib. iv 184. 17 . v 318. 16 . is innles dóib in tochus dia ndamat dliged iar ndénam indligid, ib. v 120. 10 . muna damunn dliged intí risi ndeachaidh lámh is éicin íc tara chend. ma daimet dliged &c. ib. 226. 18 .—nír daimset in fir aile do Coinculainn in breth rodnucad do they disputed the verdict, given in favour of C. FB 78 . acht go ndaṁdaois a eidircheart provided they submitted to his decision, 23 E 26 p. 289 .

(b) intrans. with for. nách dernad etercert dúib? ol B. dorigned om for C. ┐ ní daimet ind fir út fair eter. ni didemam om oldat ind fir aili ar ní breth eter aní rucad dún they do not stand by it FB 75 . asbert U. friu nod lémad a mbrethugud acht co ndaimtis nammá fora breith. fodémam or iat provided they would adhere to it, etc. ib. 76 .

III Submits to, i.e. permits, admits of, lets . noca damann in lanad imdegla enech in lulgach anad is sia ná anadh naine, Laws i 120. 29 (commentary). ni daim anad isia ina anad náine, ib. 31 . ní daim ( ní dam, i 120. 19 ) enecland anad non patitur honoris reparatio moram ( Zeuss 430 a ), ib. 228. 16 . ii 100. 7 . dáig ainech ná daimet anad, i 236. 12 . nír dama[d] dóib dul fri lias fobíth in coctha búi itir Féine ┐ Ulta, i 74. 28 . is indligthech sum ce daim a cairiugad ┐ ni daim a car[iug]ud dab annóiti, v 122. 14 . mad neach ná daimenn a gaire do reir chóir, ib. 318. 29 . eich no daim ná daimet firiu na fedna foraib which permit not men nor carriages upon them 250. 5 . na daim ná damand fir orra, ib. 19 (comment.). Similarly Laws i 150. 21 : conid táinic C. nád rodamair nach ndligedh nád beith for úin acht a beith for treisi.—rodamasdar iarum a cur a nurlaim coitchind he allowed it (his possession) to be put into common patronage O'Dav. 1362 . a Eua daim dún do thinchosc let me instruct thee SR 214 . ni rodmatar a mbrethugud innach baliu aili acht ocutsu they did not permit of their being judged anywhere else than here by thee FB 56 . tarraid ... do chuinchid bíid. ni damthatar (v.l. damnitatar) erchoimded they suffered no excuse Trip. 204. 1 . ni rodámair in mórbríg do Mani bith ina thost did not allow him to remain silent TFerbe 299 . Cf. ní damair a bruth co fe[i]rg: co ro thogla innocht for Glend Geirg, ib. 360 . in didma tanoccol? nocho didem, TBC-LL¹ 754 Y. rodemadh a losgad siú rotruaillfitis a cuirp ar gradh De who would allow themselves to be burned Aisl. Tond. 119. 3 . ni didamsa, Laud 610, 99 b 2 . dam thumalfossaic a manum a Cháilti. ni dém etir ar Cailti, Acall. 5033 . dá cét laech rolámair sium | damair a ndimdaige, LL 192 a 12 . a díth rodámair sin chath, 132 a 26 . geguin tricha fer narmach | iarsin damair a marbad, YBL 124 a 24 . gur damair in togmac a urgabail (dhamustar, Stowe MSS) suffered himself to be taken prisoner MR 246. 20 . is aire rodamair Ísu do diabul a aimsiugud, PH 4893 . nir dhamh eadh ná hosadh dóibh aga slaidhi he allowed them neither space nor truce, slaying them Aen. 2148 ( BB 473 a 6 ). nách ar dámadh sísd no sealaigheacht dha bhur sinnsearaibh that your ancestors were not allowed their proper time ML 116. 32 . níor damhadh sealaidheachd dóibh no change was permitted them, 23 E 26 p. 35 . níor dhamsat ceannus dá chéile they did not permit superiority to one another ib. 180 . do smachtadh ara muintir gan éisiom do mharbhadh da ndamhadh a ghabháil if they could take him prisoner AFM iv 710. 8 . Here prob. also Ériu iii 136. 1 : daimthi dal cuind dosom innisein. ni didam sa caimme, ol O. Cf. Rawl. 131 b 29 : daimthi dail cuind damsa. Archena demasu cenco damasu.

IMPERS.: ni rodam dó cen tinntud fri M. he could not bear not to turn against M. TTr.² 1562 . ní rodaṁair do can a innsaigid he could not refrain from seeking him, CCath. 2920 . ní rodamair do gan dol dia ffurtacht, AFM vi 2250. 17 . berid leis iarum in mnái. ní rodamair tra do Chormac innísin, BB 262 a 35 . ┐ ní rodamair dó co ndeachaidh dia feg fegsin, 258 a 26 ( dia feg forcsin, YBL 177 b 39 ). Cf. ótconnairc...daigh na hoirgne fora daltae ni rodamair do he could not endure it RC xvi 82 (quoted from H 3.18 , p. 717 - 718 ).

IV Allows, i.e. concedes, accords to, grants, yields. Common in the Laws and sagas with 1 cert, cóir, cubaid, dliged to yield justice, cede law and right to (do). With fír fer, f. comlaind, comland oenfir in the sagas to grant single combat. With dílgud to forgive, with trócaire to vouchsafe mercy. geall do incaib fri nech ná daim ceart, Laws ii 268. 4 . fer ná daim ceart ná dliged do duine, v 206. 2 . dia ndamt[h]ar cert dó. muna damthar cert dó, iii 4. 3 . nír damad dlighedh do Feinib, i 74. 17 . nocho damand dliged dogrés in taire sin, v 174. 27 . co [n]damann sí d., 432. 12 . damhar d., 210. 9 . gabáil oc marbchrud dona daimt[h]ear d. ar uair tarrachtain, 430. 27 . doná damhthar dligi[d], ii 70. 24 . imná damt[h]ar d. dó, iii 318. 2 . muna damt[h]ur d. dó, iv 4. 12 . masa cindti lais ná demt[h]ar d. dó...co ndemt[h]ar, 12. 7 . is cindti lais ná demad bodein d., v 174. 29 . masa cinnte leis coná demtha d. dó, v 206. 13 . ná demt[h]a d. dó, iv 4. 14 . in inbaid is cunntubairt lais i ndemt[h]a nó ná demt[h]a d. dó, 12. 10 . giall in fechemun toicheda do thócbáil nocon damtha d. dó until what is lawful is given him, ii 140. 2 . ní dam trócaire trinóit, i 12. 6 . dáimhes d., O'D. Suppl. (Not here, but to con-daim, Laws v 174. 18 : aire ná condaim ceart..., cf. nád condaim c., v 202. 5 . asná condamar, 160. 4 .) ni dámair cert dóib, Expuls. 6 . Cúchulainn ní damair c., ScM. 21. 12 . ná dam cert do deman dúr, LB 237 m . ní damhsat c. dia fithidir ZCP vii 305 . baithgér...in imtuarcain ┐ ní rodam neach c. dia céli, BB 438 a 43 . ní damann sé cert dam...┐ ticfa aimser ann ┐ ní dema nech cert dá chéile, Fianaig. 74. 4 . co rodama cert in toenḟer, Rawl. 113 a 33 . nocho damand findchert, Anecd. i 48. 12 . nir damad c. dó YBL 123 b . ní demaitt cert man tír thair they will not observe right towards the eastern land Fen. 378. 9 (perh. to II). nocho cert na cubaid damait dairecht Breg CRR 22 . nír dam Conall cóir ná cert do bidbaid C. accorded not justice nor right to an enemy Fen. 312. 23 . dó nochur dam cóir na cert, Fianaig. 66. 33 . ní rodamsat cóir na cert, Rawl. 156 b 44 . dErinn nír damatar cóir to E. they did not grant justice. acht cor damthar fír fer dam ...atbér, FB 94 . intan nach démt[h]a córdus doib uime sin, Cog. 54. 13 . a láich...ma daime dáil ṅdligid dún, LL 209 a 53 . ní fír fer ná comlond oenfir radamsatar dó, TBC-LL¹ 2910 . ní damar (níor damadh, Stowe) fír fer dam ná comlond oenfir, 4706 . 4733 . ní ba cumland oenfir démait duinn, 3972 . ní rodamad fír comlaind dóib, Bor. 10 . noco damthadar comraind do thuathaib De Donann, ZCP x 365 , Rawl. 135 b 20 . rí rodet dílgud ... do Dauid, SR 6873 . rodet .i. rodam .i. rodet a cron iarsin do mend, O'Dav. 1362 . rodet it was granted BDD 143 . dAed Dub rodét, Rawl. 165 b 54 . mo manchine is duit rodétt, BColm. p. 48 . a bo do ní demad certa: cen bad leo a lachta, Anecd. i 47. 14 (v.l. ní dhema a certa). dámh comhrádh red chomhalta, B IV 1, 87 a .

ABSOLUTE: maith lind dia ndama dúin féin if he spare us RC vii 300. 7 ; the prose has die coigle, RC xiii 6. 16 .

do-srenga

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-srenga or dil.ie/18480
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: da-srenga, dosrenga, dosreggat, ndo-sreng, tairrng-, tarngid, tarraing, tarrgid, tairngid, tairgiter, tairgitir, tairngithir, tarraing

v (* to-sreng-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 637 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. da-srenga, Mon. Tall. 150.28 . LU 6023 = TBC-I¹ 1556 . dosrenga, Corm. Y 1097 . 3 pl. dosreggat, Goid. 71 . Pret. 3 s. a ndo-sreng , RC xxv 344.6 . Later as simple vb., stem tairrng- (tairng-, tarng-), indic. pres. 3 s. tarngid, TBC-LL¹ 2188 ; pret. tarraing. Not infreq. written tair(r)g-; cf. ipv. 2 pl. tarrgid, FA 19 ( LU 2127 ) = tairngid, LB ; pass. tairgiter, Laws iv 168.7 Comm. , tairgitir, 208.3 , tairngithir, 1 .

Vn. tarraing.

I Trans. draws, drags, pulls (nearly always of motion towards agent).

(a) Without prep. or adv.; dosrenga a fortgae ┐ a forgaimniu robādar fo Coinchulaind draws away , TBC-I¹ 636 . tairrngios in fer mór int agastar do bí rena ech, SG 261 . tarraing da lāmh gen bes nī dot' algas agud draw back thy hand, 23 P 10, 153va7 . cunas-tairṅgend feib rothairṅged a comlín de bolgánaib belca, MU² 665 . ar son co tairnccenn an t-adhamus an t-iarann, Maund. 144 .

Folld. by various prepp.: fornesa sleig chuillind hi cois C. Dosrenga (dasrenga, LU) ass pulls it out, TBC-I¹ 1556 . tarngid C. in sleig . . . assa fremaib, TBC-LL¹ 2188 = tairrngidh, St. notairrngedh d'a méraib a sūile a cloiccnib, CCath. 3976 . dussreanga [Satan] in ainim asin curp, Ériu v 122 . as tir-si dosrengad (leg. dosrengat) slad an sluag sedlach are dragging plunder, Anecd. i 59 . rolingsid isin teinidh ┐ rothearnngsid C. leo as, RC xxxiv 320 . do tharraing an ceann d'a cholainn tore the head off his body, CF 222 . tairrngidh in rón in fer tar in bhfairrce (= traxit secum virum), Lat. Lives 85 . rotharraing ina dhiaigh é tar an ccill amach, BS 4 . nostairnged tria ladraib a choss ┐ a lám, TBC-LL¹ 1408 . rap . . . nach n-anmann dosrenga chugae, ut sunt sues (contrasted with animals which butt), Corm. Y 1097 = ṡrengas, LB. intan dosreng in sleig a dochum, Expuls. 2 . manum retrahe .i. tarruing do lámh chughatt (i.e. abstain from further food), O'Gr. Cat. 263 . tairrngidh in curach cuice allus an tsnaithe, RC x 68 . co rothair[r]ṅgiset chucu in mboin . . . allus a herbuill, RC xvi 270 . dosrengait an t-anfad . . . co bord na saebhcoire the storm drags them to the edge of the whirlpool, ZCP x 411 . amal ataid puil na srona aga tarraing cum a ceile (i.e. contracting), 23 P 10, 1b42 . anuair smuaintighes neach raed co domhain . . . ní tairnginn int aer cugi re seal fada ┐ tairrngidh 'na diaigh aeinfheacht amain co romor he does not draw breath for a long while and then draws a deep breath, 5b1 . rig a leas an t-aer fuar do tarraing cugi to inhale, 5a41 ; cf. 3b28 . co motairrngend suas . . . in lia sain co na drolaibh draws up, BB 394b41 . mar thairringeas an ghrian gheal | an t-uisce suas ar sileadh, Arch. Hib. i 99 .

With pers. form of LA ref. to subj.: tarrgid (tairngid, LB) lib . . . in n-anmain n-écraibdig-sea, FA § 19 . co tairrnget leo in anmain i fúdomain ifirnd, § 30 LB. rotarraing in n-apach ina diaidh le dragged the corpse after her, CCath. 3976 . rotharrangsat leo dochum in ethair é, SG 55 . do tharruing Tú leat (sic leg.) do dhíbhfhearg uile Thou hast taken away all Thy wrath, Psalms lxxxv 3 = do rug tu leat, ed. 1826 . Cf. also: ná tarruing mé leis na cionntachaibh draw me not away with, Psalms xxviii 3 .

(b) draws out, extracts: tairrngis a fholt 's a fhionnfaidh, TSh. 5587 , cf. Oss. i 66.142 . tairngter an folt ar tús, O'Gr. Cat. 178 . cantarides . . . tairnghid neim na n-uile ball, 227 . an purgaid . . . tairrngidh sin gach aen linad carries off all repletion, 23 P 10, 139vb39 . cuir in cerin sin ar in crecht ┐ turngidh at ┐ diachair, 23 F 19, 8vb2 (freq. so used in med. texts).

(c) Various special meanings, in many corresponding to Eng. draw; draws (breath): da ttairngtear an anal go luath, 23 K 42, 196.18 (freq. in med. texts). draws a sword, etc.: tairrngidh arm a gcētōir, Fl. Earls 64 . do thairrngeadar na drochdhaoine an cloidheamh, Psalms xxxvii 14 . ón ccloidhiomh táirngthe, Isaiah xxi 15 . an bogha . . . bhíos umhal d'fior a tharroing, Arch. Hib. i 86 . Of water draws, conducts: treb oc na bi usce . . . co tairidnither seicce, Laws iv 214 .i. co tairngiter seachu é, 216 Comm. int uisce tairgiter tar na fearanduib, 168 Comm. atáid daoine is tir sin féin | thairngeas an mhuir chuca i gcéin, Content. vi 73 . Of a wound, sore, etc. draws, drains: as coir an crecht do tarring le hadurc noc[h] bís lan do cadas, 23 P 10, 67.41 . curter an cerin so uirre da taring, 63.5 . leagur cuisle fo tracht a coisi ... ┐ tairngidh an fuil, Irish Texts v 16.19 . Of translating out of a language: is e U. do tharruing o Laidin gu Gaeghilg an beatha sa, Lib. Flav. i 32va37 . gach nech léighfís an leabhar so, tabhraidh bennacht ar anmain a[n] té do tarraing ó Laidin a nGaedhilge hé, 24 P 3, 195.3 . Of drawing money: a bhfuair 'gá athair d'ionmhus | 's ar tharraing d'á thighiornas, A. Ó Dálaigh l 8 . Of persons draws, makes come: tairrngis Mac M. iarla D. don tír, AFM v 1782 . rotharraing Ua Neill drong do Ghallaibh . . . dia nertadh, vi 1930 . Of troops draws up: do tárnedh aon mile dég fer 'na mpataillenuibh were drawn up in battalions, Rel. Celt. ii 200 . targes S. a n-ordughadh bláir iad, 154 . ar tarruing na cuidecht having marshalled the army, 198 .

(d) In fig. senses. Induces, brings about: do tharraing [Críost] síothcháin ┐ sítheóltacht ar neamh ┐ ar talamh, Eochairsg. 32 . do tharraing síothcháin ┐ cáirdios eatorra, Gadelica 129 . síoth do tharraing idir Ruaidhri ┐ Dhiarmaid, Keat. iii 5113 , 3184 . With extension of sense: tharraigiodar coingheall eatorra féin made a covenant, GJ xii 536 . Of persons draws, induces: is beag nách ttairrngeann tú mé chum bheith am Chríosduighe, Acts xxvi 28 . táirngeamaóid daóine chum creidmhe, 2 Cor. v 11 . Applies (to), transfers (to): do tharruing mé na neithe-si chugum féin . . . a bhfioghair I have transferred to myself, 1 Corinth. iv 6 . as éidir na ceithre cotchanna . . . .i. an chré, an paiter, na haithenta ┐ na sacramainnti do thairreng do chum na subháilchedhsa, Ó Héodhusa 14 .

Folld. by AR (FOR), draws, brings upon (of a consequence, etc.): le chomhall na n-aithenadh dherbhmaoid ar ngrádh ar Dhia ┐ thairrengmaoid a grádh orainn, Ó Héodhusa 14 . do thairngis oirbh an iomairg you have brought on yourself this fright, Content. xxii 21 . gur tharraing gean an leinbh go mór air, Eochairsg. 62 . With AS deduces, infers: táirngid as so gur etc., Corp. Astron. 2 .

(e) In a few cases apparently stretches, extends (of motion away from the agent): dosrenga a chois fris co mebaid a fergaire (i.e. kicked?), TBC-I¹ 3661 . a ndosreng fris a láim `when he withdrew his hand' (stretched out his arm to lay hold on him?), RC xxv 344.6 .

In follg. cases almost brings, offers: teit in caitin . . . dosrengai bratan dhoibh, Lism. L. viii , cf. LL 283a24 . frithi dam bratan [m]béodha | doburchu glan dosreanga dom, Anecd. i 73 .

II In later lang. also intrans. of motion draws (near, etc.): rotairrngedur na Lumburduigh docum glenna domuin retreated, ZCP vi 42 . sliocht Fhiachach S. do tharraing don Mhumhain, Keat. ii 4871 . don tuaisciort tarruing romhat go forward , 3 C 12, 82.14 . In fig. sense, with CHUM, draws, tends (towards): an t-inglan tairngus cum buidheachta which approaches a yellow colour, 23 P 10, 16b38 . an dath bān neoch tairngus cum uainigheachta, 14a2 . gurma ag tarraing chum datha uaine blueness of a greenish shade, 13b46 . in gaoth danad ainm Eurus . . . tairrngidh cum teasa ┐ cum tiorma, 3 C 19, 256va6 .

1 emon

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 emon or dil.ie/20034

 

Forms: emuin, emo, emun, emain, emun, emo, emuin, emnu, eamhna, Emhna, emo, emain

n o, m., emuin ī, f. (?) (See Ériu v 160 ) n s. emo, Corm. Y 503 . emun, BB 368a35 . emain, Anecd. v 18.1 . a s. emun, LL 126a16 . d s. emo, Metr. Dinds. iv 310.9 . n p. emuin, ZCP ii 134 y . a p. emnu, Rawl. 155b37 . In Cóir Anm. 104 the second element of (trí) Finn-eamhna is apparently taken as n p. of this word, but: mac na trí Find nEmna, Rawl. 21a35 . mac na tri Find Emna [where Emna: derba] LL 125 b7 . lasna tri Finnaib Emna, Rawl. 137 b41 . Dá Thí Themhra ┐ Bé Bhionn | cré na ttrí bhFionn Emhna ann, 23 L 17, 8b indicate that the reading should be Finn Emhna of Emain.

(a) a pair (or triplet) born at one birth: emon ab ema [αἷμα]uno. emon didiu unius sanguinis...vel emon ema graece iuga manum , ar is dis doib i cuingg, Corm. Y 574 . emon iarom é-áen .i. ni oen acht is da lelab geiniter and 503 . gid dias no triur berar i n-aenfecht is eamain adberar friu, BB 254b40 . emun dno Conall...┐ Maer BB 368a35 = emo, Dinds. 32 . combert emun .i. mac ┐ ingen, LL 126a16 . BB 134a26b . conidh on Macha sin ┐ don eamon rosfuc ata Magh Macha ┐ Eamain Macha, Metr. Dinds. iv 310.9 ; 128.79 . (nach mil con-beir deiche) .i. diablad buair no emain `double offspring of kine, or twins Laws i 146.14 (possibly n p. here).

(b) a twin, one of two or three born together: ingen d'Oengus in Máer mall, | ba hemain cáem fri Conall she was Conall's twin Metr. Dinds. iii 136.26 . hit emuin in da mac-sa ┐ it hemuin in di ingin, ZCP ii 134 y . beired Fainche emnu .i. tri fer-meic , Rawl. 155b37 . co tug F. a leath-eaman do mnai Gabrain one of her twins BB 134a27b = Miscell. Celt. Soc. 58 . inemnitb (= i n-emnib ?), gl. in geminis Enchir. Aug. xx , ZCP vii 481.37 .

(c) in general a pair (of persons or things connected with each other): emon dono non unus sed duo .i. ni hoen-ni acht da ní, Corm. Y 503 . eamhain .i. dá ní, O'Cl. eamain cach raed cengailti, Dinds. 140 . Anecd. v 18.1 .

fáiscid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fáiscid or dil.ie/21178

 

Forms: fasced

v (a) presses, squeezes: faiscis drecht dib il-lestar squeezed some (of the berries) into a vessel RC x 70.10 . no ḟaisced (ro faiscsiot v.l.) ib. z 0 . scotha fína inna ḟlaith co fásctis i llestraib glaine, LL 18b23 (= go bhfáiscthí i gcornaibh iad, Keat. ii 2039 , see Cóir Anm. 246 ). go ngairbhfaiscend iad feibh nó faisccfed neach caera fíni etir a glacoibh, Aisl. Tond. 109.10 . dorat a méra imon crecht co roḟaisc, Lat. Lives 98 . rogab cendmullach in gaill ┐ ro huisc a lurich dar a cend sair `pulled his coat of mail over his head' Cog. 196.6 = ro ḟaiscc, 259z . Pass. co robligtís [na baí] ... ┐ ro fasced uadib a mboí ocaib di blegon was pressed, wrung from them (of cows) LL 169a30 ( Dinds. 46 ). beiridh ... air, ┐ faisgthear leis barróg ... ar a mheanmain, TSh. 2328 . an tan fháisgthear linn barróg ar mhianbhruth na colna (= cum ... coarctamus) 10413 . ro faiscit tre bruth na gréine cor ṡilset 'na cethaibh (the clouds) were condensed CCath. 2336 . ar teacht a tháisg gu teagh dTáil | do ḟáisg fear láimh um fhear n-óir tightened his grip on a golden (chess-)man (i.e. in emotion), IGT, Decl. ex. 1741 (cf. Cath. M. Mucrime § 21 ). nā taghaill ben ... ┐ nā fāisc a lamh, Instructio 138.3 (non manum stringendo 24.17 ).

(b) Fig. ni faisce do not extort LU 3497 ( SCC 25 ). Cf. Clann Conuill Gulban do ghabh | seal beag ar n-éag a n-athar | ar tteacht a tháisg fa thráth chóir | do ḟáisg ar chách a ccéadóir controlled everyone (?) = everyone was gripped (with emotion) (?) 3 C 12. 98 = Irish Texts ii 8 .

Vn. fáscud, q.v.

illé

Cite this: eDIL s.v. illé or dil.ie/27266
Last Revised: 2013

 

adv. (on etym. see GOI § 845 and Pedersen Vgl. Gr. § 199 ; with final long vowel, Ériu liii 137: illē: mallē, BColm. 24.18 . illē: ché, SR 7965 . illé, 6415 )

(a) Of place, hither: do thuidecht lat illei, Wb. 30d17 . dofóidid (leg. dafóidid, Edd.) illei resíu ríssa `send ye him hither before I go,' 14a17 . táit .i. ille, Ml. 34a1 . innúnn ille gl. recedere ... accedere, 27d15 - 16 . innunn hi.¤ gl. huc illucque, 15c6 . firmimint alleth frinnai i.¤ `the firmament on the side towards us' (lit. towards us hither), 42b10 . co tucsat a mbú taris illei, TBFr. 427. tair i.¤ isa tír, a Brain, Imr. Brain § 62. [an l]īn tāngabair a-le, ML² 807. dorus ... ind nime as nesu i.¤ , LU 2084. táit le is fochen `come ye hither,' Ériu iii 106 § 46. tuc do mér hi.¤ `affer manum tuam,' PH 6674. With ellipsis of verb of motion : atchíu dar in muir i.¤ ... marcach, LU 3987. bá raon i.¤ ┐ inund in comrac sin, TTr. 2213 ).

(b) Of time, since, down to the present time: conus-faicit fir Erenn co n-oénṡúil o sin alle, ScM. R § 11 . isé a ainm o ṡhain illé | Siclech, SR 6415. conid de ita Snám Rathaind o sin ille, LU 8927. tug móid ón lósoin i le, TD 1 § 38. ó aimsir Ghaedhil i leith (v.ll. ale, ille), Keat. i 92.48 .

(c) ó ṡoin ille moreover, over and above that: cét cach míl ohoin ille, IT i 125.17 .