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ad-fét

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-fét or dil.ie/440

Forms: adfediu, adfiadu, adféidim, adonfedi, adfeit, adfét, adfet, adfiad, adféidend, asidfet, adfiadam, asṅdafiadam, adfēdem, adfiadhamar, adfédid, adfiadat, adfethet, atfetet, as-fiadat, adfiadar, ad-iadar, adfedar, adfiadatar, adfethed, adféded, attafeid, adf, adféta, atchous, at-coïs, atchois, ad-cois, asidchói, ad-cæstar, adfeissed, atcoad, atchosse[d], ad-fias-[s]a, adfias, addéos, addíus, -adius, ad-fiassar-sa, ad-fessar, adfesar, ad-fii, adfí, itfe, adfessam, adfíastar, atfesedh, at fiad, adfíadar, atfiadhamar, adfiadatar, adfétaiter, adfedsat, adfes, ad-fessa, adféta, adchoad, adcuaid, adchuiaid, adcuid, itcuaid, rachuaid, adchuadamar, adcóidemmar, choidemar, adcuademar, atchuamar, adcuadatar, atchúidetar, atchuatettar, atcuatar, atchuas, adcuas, atcóas, adchoas, adcos, hitcós, racuas, rachoas, dofedisiu, dofet, dofeid, dofedat, dos-féta, dochúaid, docuas

v (* ad-fiad-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 518 . GOI p. 520 . See also in(d)-fét). Indic. pres. 1 s. adfediu, LL 662 . adfiadu , CCath. 4518 . adféidim (: Erinn), LL 513 . 2 s. adonfedi, BB 498b35 . 3 s. adfeit, Ml. 111c4 . adfét, 62a6 , 87d1 ; Sg. 18a1 , 103a1 . adfet, Ml. 99d9 . adfiad, SR 2518 . adféidend (: Ērenn), ZCP xiv 178.5 . In rel. clause with inf. pron. asidfet, LU 3626 ( SCC § 31 ). 1 pl. adfiadam, Ml. 14d10 . In rel. clause with inf. pron. asṅdafiadam, 93d14 . adfēdem (: Erenn), LL 6292 . With depon. ending adfiadhamar, CCath. 2263 . 2 pl. adfédid, Snedg. u. Mac R 14.7 . 3 pl. adfiadat, Wb. 28c23 ; Ml. 51d2 . adfethet, Metr. Dinds. iii 410.1 . atfetet, TTr.² 346 . as-fiadat, IT i 137.22 . Pass. sg. adfiadar, Wb. 18c8 ; Ml. 128a15 ; Sg. 74b8 . ad-iadar (rel.), Wb. 27a10 . adfedar, RC xvi 83 § 130 . Pl. adfiadatar, Ml. 23a13 . Indic. impf. 3 s. adfethed, Rawl. 84a20 . adféded, IT i 74.16 . Ipv. 2 s. attafeid, ZCP xiii 372.26 .

Subj. pres. 3 s. adf, H 1.18, 23 b (cited ZCP xviii 318 ). adféta, TBC-LL¹ 1764 (or fut.?); Metr. Dinds. iv 284.5 . With perfective -com-: 1 s. atchous, Tec. Corm. § 2.3 . 2 s. at-coïs (ad-coois, atchois v.l.) Fél. Prol. 182 . ad-cois, Imr. Brain ii 286 (see Celtica v 135 , vi 126 ). 3 s. rel. with inf. pron. asidchói, Metr. Dinds. ii 24.96 . Pass. pl. ad-cæstar, Bürgschaft § 59 . Subj. impf. 3 s. adfeissed, Hail Brigit § 21 . ? atcoad, LU 3323 ( SCC § 11 ). ? atchosse[d], 5616 ( TBC-I¹ 1136 ). Fut. 1 s. ad-fias-[s]a, SR 1785 . adfias, Metr. Dinds. iii 112.21 . addéos, LL 462 . addíus, Lec. 13rb4 . -adius, 11rb47 . With deponent ending ad-fiassar-sa, Anecd. ii 43.5 . ad-fessar, Trip.² 2628 . adfesar, Ériu iv 152 § 33 . 3 s. ad-fii, Imr. Brain 52 . adfí, ii 285.25 . itfe, Laud 610 , fo. 12b (Plummer MS notes). 1 pl. adfessam, LL 1461 . Pass. sg. adfíastar, LU 3514 ( SCC § 28 ). Condit. 3 s. atfesedh, Ériu ii 126 § 81 .

Pret. and perf. (on the pret. forms see GOI 430 ). 3 s. at fiad, Gael. 50, 123 ( Blathm. 73 ). adfíadar, LU 3454 (SC § 23). adfiadar (rel.), 3436 (§ 20). rod fét, TBC-LL¹ 5670 (St.). 1 pl. atfiadhamar, CCath. 2263 . 3 pl. adfiadatar, RC xi 442 § 5 . adfétaiter, MU² 818 . adfedsat, Fl. Earls 118.23 . Pass. sg. adfes, Mon. Tall. 141.5 (§ 34) . Pl. ad-fessa, TBC-I¹ 331 . adféta, TBC-LL¹ 866 . See adbas. With perfective -com- 1 s. adchoad, Arch. Hib. ii 74.68 . 3 s. adcuaid, Wb. 21d11 ; Ml. 65a1 . adchuiaid, Ml. 123d4 . adcuid, Ml. 110c5 ; 126b2 . itcuaid, Alex. 491 . rachuaid, LL 219b19 ( TTr. 182 ). 1 pl. adchuadamar, LU 19 . adcóidemmar, Sg. 43a6 . at choidemar , Gael. 50, 129 ( Blathm. 370 ). adcuademar, Trip.² 3095 . atchuamar, BB 38a15 . 3 pl. adcuadatar, RC iii 346.1 . atchúidetar, Trip.² 634 . atchuatettar, 928 . atcuatar, PH 3775 . Pass. sg. atchuas, IT i 76.12 . adcuas, Cog. 98.3 . atcóas, TBC-I¹ 1162 . adchoas, LL 245b25 . adcos, CS 8.24 . hitcós, Alex. 159 . racuas, TBC-LL¹ 4591 . rachoas, TFrag. 62.8 .

With substitution of prefix do- for ad-: Indic. pres. 2 s. dofedisiu, LB 211b48 ( dofeidiusu, Anecd. v 5.4 .). 3 s. dofet, Lec. 31ra29 . dofeid (.i. aisnéidh), Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 22 § 1 (cf. do-fed) ( LL 393a52 ). 3 pl. dofedat, Rawl. 69a35 . Subj. 3 s. (or fut.?) dos-féta, TBC-LL¹ 1773 . Perf. 3 s. dochúaid, TBC-LL¹ 5034 . Pass. docuas, CRR § 17 .

For forms apparently due to conflation of ad-fét and do-adbat see do-adbat, and also árfas, ar-fét .

Tells, relates (DI of, DO to): o adcuaid rúin ícce in cheneli dóine, Wb. 21d11 . senchassa rechta adfiadat sáibapstil, 28c23 . a n-adiadar di crist, 27a10 . is ed adfet a legend, Ml. 84d4 . manip ecoir frisin stoir ad-fiadam-ni, 14d10 . adfiadar . . . airechas du thabairt do macc, 128a15 . iarsindí adcuaidsom di neuch, 65a1 . ciasu du duaid adfiadar isin titul though mention is made of David in the title(?), 72d9 . ní etarscarad comsuidigthi file and huare is fo oen (sic leg.) aicciund adfiadar `since it is pronounced under a single accent' (is described as having?), Sg. 74b8 . is airi adfét de `therefore he discourses of it', 18a1 . adfii rúna `he will make known', Imr. Brain 52 . inbat la comorbu cuimne cen ogom i n-ailcib . . . ci ad-caestar, cia for curu sen siastar `when heirs have (only) memories without ogom on stones . . . although these (i.e. their memories) have been proclaimed how shall the contracts of the deceased be enforced? Bürgschaft § 59 (see Ériu xi 155 , xii 207 ). adfiasa duit cen bréc ṁbrais / . . . / féib leir donralad do nim, SR 1785 . ? in breth berar adbia do dia tigh, O'D. 518 ( H 3.17, 420 -1). atdius dāib a n-aicned fīr / in[n]a nder . . . I will tell you the true nature of tears, ZCP vii 299.14 . iarsin gním adchuáid Fergus, LU 4974 (TBC). adfeta don mac sin scéla na maccáem, LL 8308 (TBC. = o'tt-chuala an mac . . . scéla, Stowe 776). ros bīadh mōr do scēlaib atfesedh manus-beth tenga dia rēlad, Ériu ii 126 § 81 . dothiasar fair ma atchosse nech dúib, LU 5616 = ma atchoise, TBC-I¹ 1136 (?read atchoí or atchoised) it will be a subject of conversation if anyone tells it to you(?). o 'tcuas d'feraib Eirenn marbadh na mbeo, Laws i 14.16 . maso amnne adonfedi if it be thus thou relatest to us, BB 498b35 = dofedi, LB 211b48 ( doedi, Alex. 920 ). adfét a aithesc, LL 12698 . adfét dóib uli amal atchonnairc, LU 3332 ( SCC § 12 ). addíusa dúib . . . écta Guill, LL 204a34 . adfias (atcías, v.l.) dúib . . . a senchas, Metr. Dinds. iii 112.1 . mat cias (?read ma'tcúas or ma'tcess, edd.) a maith `if his virtue was reported', Mon. Tall. 141.27 (§ 36) . adcós úaim duib I have told you, CS 8.y . is ann . . . atfiadar lith ┐ sollamain inti noem C. i mi nouimbir `is celebrated', Fen. 6.5 . adfess forru corbo miscais leo a cheile it was told of them(?), SG 51.27 . amail adfedar ar Macgnimarthaib C. as is related in(?) RC xvi 83 § 130 = atfegar, BB 410a29 . eos no adéos .i. sloinnfeadh no inneosad, O'Cl.

2 amm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 amm or dil.ie/3158

n n, n.

(a) the human hand: a n-am gl. manus (hominis), Ml. 36c16 . a n-ám gl. manus (eorum), 33d17 . in nephchumsanad ind aim no hi tengad (leg. ind aimme no intengad, Stokes; illaim no hi tengaid, Strachan), 33d20 . Fig. power, control, etc.: in am .i. hi cumachtæ gl. in manu (regis), Ml. 34c19 . hond ammaim gl. Israhelitarum manu, 36d19 .

(b) band, host: ám gl. fuerit omnis manus hostium caesa, Ml. 36b21 . dían a ṅámmsa (consonating with clandsa, mindsa, frimmsa) `this band', Fél. Dec. 18 . ámna (ám na MS) huathmara na nÉutrustecda, TTr.² 625 .

1 ar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ar or dil.ie/3902

Forms: ar, air, er, eir, air, er, ar, arin,, airind, air, airnaib, armo, aire, aratobarr, arandéntar, arambiat, ara, armbad, ara, arindepur, aridlabrathar, arna, áirium, erum, erumm, erom, erut, ærut, airiut, airut, airiut, aurut, airiu, airi, airi, erre, airri, airre, airthe, erunn, erund, erond, airiund, airriun, airund, airib, airibsi, airiubsi, airiuibsi, eruibsi, erru, erriu, erro, airriu, airiu, erthu, airthiu, airtho, airib, airaib, or(u)m, or(u)t, air, uirre, orainn, oirinn, oraib, orru, orrtha

prep., leniting, with accus. and dat. See GOI § 823 , Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 150 , Frazer, ZCP viii 5 , Williams, Celtica ii 305 ; IGT Introd. § 130 .

Usually spelt ar. air, Ml. 51c2 , 2d2 ; er, 122a16 , BB 449a10 ; eir, Ériu iv 180 § 39 . The spellings air, er, etc. (more freq. in later lang.) and the modern pronunciation show that O. Ir. ar as simple prep.was replaced by a conflation of airi and fo(i)r (3 s. n. of 1 ar and 1 for).

In Mid. Ir. 1 for and 1 íar are frequently spelt ar. See III, IV below and the articles on these words.

With article arin, -int, -a, etc. Note also airind, Ml. 31b17 , air ind, 53a15 . arndi (= arindí), Ériu vii 138.4 . airnaib, Ml. 110d9 .

With poss. armo (m'), -do (t'), -a, -ar, -far (-bar) etc. Note also ar mh'éigse, Content. ix 26 . aire slicht, L. Chl. S. 2 .

With rel. part. ara: aratobarr, Wb. 12d29 . arandéntar, 2a10 . cid arambiat , Ml. 56b9 . ara n-eperr, Críth G. 1 . With copula: cid armbad , Wb. 11a19 . cidar impotabis, Ml. 56a13 . cid arnabu son, ib. ardott áigthe, LU 5656 = arṅdotāigi, TBC-I¹ 1178 (taking áigthi as vbl. of necess.). ara trēn, ACL iii 239 § 32 . ara n-amra, ZCP vii 312 § 26 . Before inf. pron. arindepur, Wb. 5a31 . aridlabrathar, 7d2 . With neg. arna airecht, Sg. 198b3 . arnach faca, ZCP xiii 169.13 .

With pron. suff. Early forms. 1 s. áirium, Wb. 7a12 . erum, LL 286a25 . erumm, PH 1397 . erom, 1503 . 2 s. erut, Wb. 27d19 , 29d7 , YBL 326b42 , PH 6565 . ærut, Ml. 2d8 . airiut, Blathm. 569 , LL 289b30 . airut, LU 8086 . GOI § 437 also gives airiut, aurut without reff. as `old forms which occur only in later sources' ( p. 272 ). 3 s. m. and n. GOI § 437 gives airiu as the dat. form (cf. airiu, O'Dav. 22 ?), airi as the accus. airi is the usual form passim in the early language. Cf. áiri, Wb. 11b21 . f. (accus. and dat. not distinguished) erre, Irish Texts i 3 § 8 (sic MS. See Ir. Hist. Stud. i 347 ). airri, SR 405 (emended to airre, GOI § 437 ). airthe, LL 286a7 . 1 pl. erunn, Wb. 15d13 , Ériu ii 124 § 65 . erund, LU 597 . erond, 588 . airiund, TBC-I¹ 170 . airriun, ZCP xi 110 § 26 . airund, LU 593 . 2 pl. airib, Wb. 20a3 , 22d25 , 27c19 , Metr. Dinds. iv 232.33 . airibsi, Wb. 14d25 , a33 , 16a26 . airiubsi, 15c1 , 17a5 . airiuibsi, 16c23 . eruibsi, 27d7 . Ml. 2a11 . 3 pl. acc. erru, Wb. 4d20 , 11a29 ; ZCP ii 315.26 . erriu, Wb. 9c8 , 11a20 . erro, LL 289b30 . airriu, Wb. 15a23 , 21d11 , O'Dav. 985 . airiu, Wb. 11d11 , Laws iv 176.7 . erthu, LL 280a1 . RC viii 154 § 5 . airthiu, LU 4915 . ZCP viii 310.22 . airtho, TBC-I¹ 409 . dat. airib, Laws iv 162.2 . airaib, 114.21 Comm.

In later lang. all pronominal forms influenced by those of for, giving or(u)m, or(u)t, air, uirre (uirthe), orainn (oirn. oirinn, O'Gr. Cat. 556.25 ), oraib ( oirb, BColm. 100.3 ), orru (orra, orrtha), etc.

The presumed distinction between ar with accus. when motion is implied and with dat. when no motion is implied ( Zeuss 622 ; with reservations Vendryes Gramm. § 283 ; see also Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 73 - 74 , Williams loc. cit.) appears most clearly in the stereotyped phrases ar chenn towards, ar chiunn ahead of, before (see 1 cenn): ar beolu towards, ar bélaib before, in front of (see bél). The dat. is usual in ar cach láu daily (see ) and in ar thosuch ( Sg. 203a7 , see tosach). Usage is less clear outside fixed phrases, and that of the various collections of O. Ir. glosses differs (the available material is also much reduced by the frequent identity of form of a s. and d s. of nouns). The accus. is regular in Wb. in senses of taking away from and counting as , and also in glosses on Lat. ob, the dat. where the meaning is with regard to, instead of and in glosses on Lat. super. Both cases are found where the meaning is for the sake of, because of . In Ml. accus. is constant only in set phrases. The dat. is usual in meaning counts as , do-beir ar (for?) calls and in glosses on Lat. dat. without preposition (ar gentib gl. gentibus, 78a12 , 89c2 ) and where a Lat. compd. noun is treated as two words (arintinmlegun gl. promulgatione, 71c18 ). In general use the meanings saving from, instead of, in meaning of, in return for, on account of, because of, for the sake of, for the purpose of are all found both with accus. and dat. In Sg. the meanings instead of and on account of are found with both cases. See also IGT Introd. § 130 , Bard. Synt. Tr. 2 - 4 , 17 , 20 (where detailed rules are given for accus. and dat. both with simple ar and for compd. preps. such as ar aghaidh, etc.).

I

(a) Much less freq. in concrete or physical meanings than in more abstract ones. Perh. before, in front of in (case of follg. noun not certain): dá [n]dorus [n-]and, comla[e] ar ala n-aí, clíath ar alailiu (-e, MS.) `in front of' (Gloss.), Críth G. 100 . ar Tuatha Dé Danann `before the T.D.D.', Ériu xii 152 § 15 (TE). cethridoruis airri (recte airre) im-mach, SR 405 . ó beit fíanna fer nÉrenn ┐ Alban do Chonaire ar thig, BDD² 1416 . Cf. 1081 , 1400 , 1492 . ? airiu . . . iarmo in front of it . . . behind it(?), O'Dav. 22 . Cf. airber .i. frit anair bere .i. eter do dī lāim, ar is fort muin bere ere [n-]aile, Corm. Y 58 . Acc. to Binchy, SCano p. 33 , frequent in meaning east of, the only example cited being: acon loch ar Mag Aí `by the lake east of Mag Aí', Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 32 § 2 (`on'). Cf. Airbri .i. fri Bri Eli anair, O'Mulc. 70 = Dinds. 16 ( RC xv 308 ). ? a nAicill ar Temair, Anecd. i 17.1 . Cf. perh. Síd ar Femin, LU 7846 ( BDD 140 ), etc. (or for al?). Perh. orig. with concrete force also in: do té(i)t aitire ar ḟer feras in fuil, Críth G. 52 `goes surety for', Gloss. Concrete meaning is perh. also to be assumed in the phrases agaid ar (late, orig. for?), ar agaid, ar amus, ar beolu, ar bélaib, bél ar bél, ar chenn, ar chiunn, ar dorus, ar dreich, ar fed, ar gnúis, ar leth, ar medón, ar ṡúil, ar thosuch, ar thús, ar úairib. See under the nouns concerned. With more abstract force in ar aí, ar apu (see 3 aí, 1 apa). Here may also be included: doire acummisc arúir `of their being mixed with mould', Wb. 13d3 . úachtar ar lemlacht dó mixed with, Críth G. 63 . loim midc do chumasc ar usciu `to mix a sip of whey with water', Mon. Tall. 143.25 . ba fial ṅdō buith arnaib ōcaib, cēin dogēni calma among, TBC-I¹ 1266 = LU 5739 . ? tiucfa in mac cētna ar bar cloind, ZCP viii 563 § 27 (for?). Perh. for for in: ó fó-certa a ṡrúb ar géscoe against a branch, BDD² 349 (= ar gésce, 355 ). conadh ar x. míli cathrach do shiublaighdis techta Magnuis Cam . . . ō maduin co fescor `to ten thousand cities', Marco P. 96 .

Rarely of time. See ariu before .

(b) In the follg. exx. the meaning is also more or less concr., though the precise meaning of the prep.is obscure, and it would be possible to consider them as early exx. of the replacing of for by ar (see III, and fo-ceird III): arnarala for cubus áiri, Wb. 11b21 (see note). Cf. focheird mo menma airi `my mind is set on him', Ériu ii 92 § 2 . ón lá tarrla ar n-airi air, iv 220.27 . torala dia archeill do degnimu su `let God bring to mind thy good deeds', Ml. 43b15 . iscor lame ardodced buith ocairbiathad sainte gl. nam qui volunt divites f[i]eri, incidunt in temptationem, Wb. 29b18 . ? Cf. ni comarleiced (.i. nir cetaig) dó cor lamha aire (.i. dul do sacarbhaic) cin foghlaim, Trip.² 243 . mabeidní dirúnaib dothéi armenmuin indfir, Wb. 13a12 . Note also: arnaib réib ilib gl. et qui ascendit super omnes caelos, 22a8 .

(c) In compd. numerals (with dat., see Celtica ii 312 ): a n-óen ar fichit (fichet, MS) the twenty-one, Ml. 2d2 . cóic míli ochtmugat ar chét one hundred and eighty five thousand, 34b17 . a ocht deac ar chét, BCr. 32d2 . deichinbair ar dib fichtib ar trib cétaib, Trip.² 3104 . secht cathae ar chetharchait / ar secht cétaib is huilliu, ZCP viii 313.34 . cōicer ar ceithri fichtib, 219.29 . fer ar sheisir seven men, Celt. Rev. x 348.23 . fri re tri n-aidhche ar mís, RC xviii 162.32 . Note also: tāinic buiden mōr . . . dōig lim is ar trichaid cēt inti approximately(?), TBC-I¹ 3142 (text perh. faulty).

II In a wide variety of abstract meanings for the most part deriving independently from those given under I.

(a) for, for the sake of, on behalf of, etc. (often gl. Lat. pro) (with accus. and dat. See Celtica ii 309 ): cia dudrigni dia mór di maith erriu, Wb. 11a20 . innahí dorigeni Día ar maccu Israhel, 30 . mirabilia dorígeni Dia ar maccaib Israhel, 28 . massu arinbethid . . . dagníu, 13c11 . mor ní as dénti ní airriu, 15a23 (in sense of mod. déanaim rud ar I obey, see Thes. Suppl. 51 ). niarséuti . . . robcarsi tíamthe, 23d4 . ar erchru gl. pro defectu, Ml. 31a4 . dusrigeni dia erru amal robu thol doib, 54a34 . fri assaru ar maccu israhel gl. rerum gestarum (testimonio), 94d2 . ara bǽsaib som .i. ar denum a thule gl. pro suis ritibus laborantes, 87b20 . a ndorigēnai in rí / do ḟertaib ar ṡanct Brigti, Thes. ii 332.4 (Hy. v). or ar Bran nailither, 286.34 (inscr.). lānamain . . . nī fil etarscarad dōib acht ar Dia, Corm. Y 824 . léicfider cach bean do mnáib airiut thou wilt be preferred to all other women, BDD² 59 . ar ghaol for the sake of relationship, Studies 1918, 99 § 15 . dorindedh mainistreacha ┐ sepeil le ar anmain Gyi `for the soul of G.' ZCP vi 90.11 . See also under meince, 1 pairt. Freq. in sense of (praying) for, see airnigde, guide, guidid, oráit.

(b) for the sake of, by in adjurations and invocations: dilig dam . . . / ar Maire n-amra n-Ingin, SR 7820 . ar do chumachtae . . . tesaircc dam-sa mo chūrcha, BColm. 54.3 . ar do thrīnōiteacht, a Thrīnōit, ACL iii 241 § 2 . ar t'fhírinni riutsa, na furáil etc. by thy honour, CCath. 1659 . ar na deib rib, TTebe 4025 . síol Ádhaimh . . . / ar do thocht díobh slánaigh sinn, Dán Dé ix 22 .

(c) on account of, because of (with accus. and dat. Glossing Latin ob, pro, propter): ar ar comoicsi do bás on account of, Wb. 14b25 . aracethardese gl. quam ob causam, 31b24 . ob mirationem .i. airinn adamrugud, Ml. 61a15 . ar chosmaili ind fochuinn diaragbtha gl. causae uicinitate, 35b24 . ar ét im chrabud gl. pro zelo religionis, 36d24 . arna lithu gl. propter cultús diuini festa, 47b2 . arna pecthu immefolngat guasacht do anmin gl. propter animae pericula, 7 . cid arnaibhisiu .i. arnaib hi forodamarsa gl. ob ista, 58d13 . ní ar pianaib do thabairt forru `not on account of the infliction of punishments upon them', 114b7 . ara foirbthetu fadesin, Wb. 6c19 . tocombaig a ṡlán ara ḟornert because of, Críth G. 415 . ar ṡóethaib because of grievances, 581 . ar ilar a imarbus, ZCP viii 104.7 . Corco Bāiscind ar a nert / nī damaid cert d'Eoganacht, v 500.16 .

With a variety of nouns in more or less stereotyped phrases: ar na h-ádhbharaibh sin for those reasons, ML 58.11 . ar[a] airmitin som through respect for him, Ériu iv 30.23 . ar t'ḟuath, i 97.32 . ni diles ni doberar ar uathbas `nothing is lawful which is given out of terror', Laws iv 286.25 . See also under áis, cairde, 1 cúis, 1 écndairc, éicen, ecla, 1 gart, midlachas, miscais, omun, sant, serc, úacht, etc.

Common with abstr. nouns from adjj. in the construction: nīr fētatar a tōcbāil ar a truma because of her weight = because she was so heavy, Anecd. iii 9.8 . ar dúire a drochdelba, Ériu iv 102.16 . ar ḟebus na cuidechtae because the company was so excellent, BColm. 78.18 . ar a laechdacht, ZCP viii 318.12 . ar cumga in puill nír féd dul amach, Ériu v 49.7 . in senadh ic á adhradh ar a uaisle, CCath. 334 . ar ghoire do ghaoil, Dán Dé xi 11 . Without poss. or gen.: cona tisa . . . in dam tarais ar airdi (a fence), Laws iv 76.19 Comm.

Freq. in advv.and conjj. in O. Ir. glosses. 3 s. n. as adv. on account of it, therefore: fristemlighter cid ind aier airi, Ml. 73c2 . ni bad pronomen airi, Sg. 203b2 . isairi doroigu dia geinti hore . . . this is why . . . because, Wb. 5b12 . is airi inso rogabad som hi rige, Ml. 14a4 . cinid airi doberr desimrecht acht ar atrebthach nand, Sg. 35b13 . With article and i: arindi gl. eo, Sg. 190a4 . ni arindí . . . sed quia not because . . . but because, 5a4 . arindisin gl. ei, Ml. 54c6 . arndi furumai sár for cach toil, Ériu vii 138.3 . With se: ní nád ṁbed arse di chorp gl. ideo, Wb. 12a22 . arse gl. ob hoc, Ml. 18d15 , gl. qua re, 29d1 . isarse gl. quo circa, Enchir. Aug. 70b , 81b ( ZCP vii 480 , 484 ). airechas ceneóil airsiu (leg. airsin? edd. airriu, Ped. MS Index to Wb. glosses) ní airechas fidei, Wb. 1b12 . Later: air sin on account of that, CCath. 2350 . Note also: ar a smuaintighib do beith . . . a mbeat[h]aidh an tigerna so that his thoughts might be in, etc., BCC § 5 (cf. ara).

(d) instead of, in place of, as substitute for, in meaning of (meaning confined to O. Ir. glosses. With dat., occas. with accus.): arnab geintib huilib taken as referring to all the Gentiles gl. Iudeos et Grecos omnes, Wb. 2a15 . foirbthe ar anfoirbthu gl. decem milia, a perfect (number) for an imperfect, 9a10 . corda .i. arin duiniu huli lesom gl. a parte totum, Ml. 53a2 . todochide ar sechmadachtae n-anfoirbthe gl. commotatio . . . temporum `future for imperfect', 62a16 . arnaib bolcaib gl. pro uesicis, 99a4 . fogur cechtar de ar alaliu ┐ fogur na liter naile airriusom, Sg. 4a8 . ni roscríbad ar naill (leg. ar na aill, edd.), 6b3 . a ṡuidigud ar anmmaimm dílius, 27a1 .

Often with as-beir, do-beir etc.: dobeir inso arnab uilib cumactib gl. supra omnem principatum et potestatem et uirtutem et dominationem, Wb. 21a13 . epert innan (MS. inna) aisndisen arnaib gnimaib gl. dicit autem non quia talia locuti sunt Scribae . . . sed quia talia fecerint, Ml. 16d3 . a ndurigni duaid in gnim sin in tengad do airbirt ar gnimaib in choirp, 31b24 . intan asmbersom pes ┐ manus nochis arnaib gnimaib són dungniat som honaib ballaib hisin atbeirsom, 56b3 . tri suidigud dosom inna cluas arin chorp huiliu, 60b16 . arnaib fedaib sonartaib ardaib gl. pro terribilibus arbustís cedros possuit, 146a6 .

The idiom ad-rími ar counts as (with accus. and dat.) is prob. to be assigned to this section: ní ármisom ar chumactte, Wb. 6a1 . cenid ar chomsuidigthib adrímther inna fortórmach so, Sg. 202a5 . See ad-rími. With LA: petra les arin trediusa sís he takes petra as standing for, Ml. 60a7 . in loc lesom híc arnaib aitrebthidib gl. a loco habitatores intellegite, 144c3 .

(e) in return for, in exchange for, as price of, in payment for, as equivalent of (with accus.): airitiu lóge ar mo precept in return for, Wb. 10d31 . rotbīa a lōg airi you shall have a reward for it, TBC-I¹ 585 . is lá cach(a) tíre do-tét dlega(i)r aire `is due for it', Ériu xvii 70.4 . Freq. do-beir lóg etc. ar: ainm indlóge doberr domiledaib armílte, Wb. 3c1 . intan dobera Dia fochraicci ar degnimu, Ml. 90c14 . screpul doberar do gilli . . . ar comaitecht do neuch o pecad `a groat that is given to a lad for accompanying someone in a sin', Mon. Tall. 143.9 . nī tibur-so in tinnscra sin(ee) cid ar Meidb C. feissin I wouldn't give a brideprice like that for M. herself, ZCP iv 39.7 (cf. TBFr. 185 ). ní conrogab terochraic . . . ar forbrissiud fir truaig `reward for oppressing a wretched man', Ml. 36a32 . ni riat na dánu diadi ara n-indeb domunde sell for, Wb. 28c2 . ríthæ . . . ar ech ndonn, Thes. ii 240.1 (Ardm.). tale damsa a log ar epert do firinne lat, Ml. 36a32 . síodh Dhé 'gá ceannach ar chrodh being bought for herds, Dán Dé xxvii 33 . With vbs. of leaving, abandoning: ni dérsid for sóiri ar fognam, Wb. 20b10 . roleicc creitim ar in paganacht he left the faith for paganism, Anecd. iii 72.28 . as uime do trēig Temraigh / ar Chend Maghair, ZCP viii 108.19 . Denoting preference: ragaid duit aire . . . rígi hÉrend in preference to him, BColm. 68.18 . do mholfuinn fear an leithléighinn 'gá mbíadh beatha ghlan . . . arfhear láinléighinn 'gá mbíadh beatha némhthromdha, Mac Aingil 4782 .

(f) for the purpose of, in order to obtain (as far as the exx. serve with accus. in Wb. and dat. in Ml. The exx. from Wb. given here, however, could equally be referred to the preceding section): precept arbiad in order to obtain food, Wb. 10d13 . madarlóg pridchasa, 23 . is arnach nindocbáil móir fodaimim se inso, 23b12 . asberat isar indeb isdénti tol dǽ, 29b12 . arind etarimdibiu (arindetar imdibiu, MS.) gl. pro interfectione aduersariorum, Ml. 36b23 . ar chuindriug pectho gl. instrumentum est divinae iustitiae `for the correction of sin', 49b7 . gabthe dunad les fris arinoillus for protection, 55c1 . asberar ar thormuch pectha for the purpose of increasing sin(?), 76a5 . bliadain lán dano do M. [┐] a muindtir uli for usciu ┐ bargin ar tuaslucud anmae B. `to obtain the release of the soul of B.,' Mon. Tall. 133.29 . serc fochraici ara n-as[c]nam, piana do imchaisiu ara n-imgabail in order to avoid them, Ériu vii 138.28 . is rimsa . . . rohérbad ar eisnéis it is to me it was entrusted for relating, iv 144.21 . annsa lebur tuc sé dóib ar choimét a ndligid feín `for keeping', Maund. 61 . Also perh. in phrase ar olc fri, see olc (because of?).

(g) by virtue of, by means of, through (dat.): condenad fingail ar chuinged soinmige do gl. mercari peccato securitatem, Ml. 39a6 . ? ar gressaib gal / glenaid luch inna línsam `by feats of valour', Thes. ii 293.20 . ni ar lín óc brister cath, Ériu ix 47 § 18 . ar neart a n-engnama by dint of their prowess, ML² 286 . gaibsit tír and ar chlaideb by the sword, ZCP viii 313.21 .

(h) In general sense of in respect of, with regard to, in the matter of, relating to, etc. (appar. with dat.) (the ascription of some exx. to this section is tentative): desmrecht insin ar aimsir deirb that is an example of, Sg. 66b17 , cf. exemplum ara airiuc far diull tanaisiu, 106b20 , exemplum inso ara rangabalda asrubart, 39a5 . annsom hi taurgillib tairgille ar bechaib, Laws iv 162.1 . rucus tairgilli ar bechaib `für Bienen ist ein `tairgille' . . . zu stellen', ZCP xv 319 § 12 . ? isam ómun ar a aisnéis I am afraid to relate it, LU 5349 . is fon samla-sin . . /gníth . . . a cét-chumma / Temrach . . . / ar áibnius in beauty, Metr. Dinds. i 10.64 . fear feadhma deas ar gach ndān in every art, ZCP viii 562 § 16 . bean as ghloine ar ghníomharthaibh `purest in deeds', A. Ó Dálaigh xv 15 . issí eisimplair Crist . . . do lenfadís ar míne ┐ ar buaine, ar deirc ┐ ar trocaire, Maund. 123 . ro derscnaigh d'ógaibh a chomaoisi ar goil ┐ gaisccedh, Leb. Gab.(i) 200.7 . Also in phr. ar chuit, see cuit. For do-beir teist ar see teist. See airbág.

Common in phr. of type: teine . . . ar thes crabaidh (of a person) a fire . . . in heat of piety = a paragon of piety, Anecd. iii 5.19 . Muridach, ba muir ar crūa[i]s, ZCP viii 299.34 . deochain ar grādaib ┐ sacart ar ūaisle a deacon in rank and a priest in reputation, BColm. 82. 15 - 16 . ba laech ar gaisced, RC xxiv 184.4 . a éan choluim ar cheannsa, Dán Dé i 19 . mar lile ar lí, Dánta Gr. 30.14 .

(i) about (of stories, books, reading, etc. In late exx. only. Perh. orig. for in this meaning): iomda ar Lasair ferta amhra many wonderful miracles (are said to have been performed) by L., Ériu v 90.4 . is mebair linn . . . / in seanchus fil ar Mag Ráin the lore about M., iv 156.18 . Leabhar Oiris ┐ An[n]ála ar Cogthaibh . . . Éireann, i 78 . craoibsgaoileadh ar chath Cluana Tairbh description of the battle of C., 16 n. léighmid ar Alexander n-uaibhrech, etc., Mac Aingil 872 . léan ba sgéal ar fianaibh Fáil, Magauran 2790 . Cf. sgriobhthar ortha go . . ., Ó Héodhusa 68.16 .

(j) With verbs of depriving, stealing, hiding, lacking, etc. from (accus. and dat.): tri airchellad donaib sommaib a n-anae airnaib bochtaib, Ml. 90a11 . is amne asruluús airi, Wb. 17d16 . a manaig do béim ar Lommān, BColm. 84.16 . ní bēram-ne t'áthius ort we shall not take thy victory from thee, 74.22 . ni cumscaichthi cumachtae nairi gl. hoc potestatem literae motare non debuit, Sg. 6a5 . ni fil nach díchlith airi, Wb. 1a4 . tesbanat boíll aíriu, 11d11 . in dá ṡét tesbanat airi, Críth G. 130 . ní gette na brithemnachta becca erriu you would not snatch the petty judgements from them, Wb. 9c8 . nī gatar a forgall ar domun degmnā, Cáin Ad. 4 . a tellad errusom, Wb. 11a29 . dives cui (.i. isar) clam tollitur , Enchir. Aug. 76b ( ZCP vii 482.27 .)

(k) With verbs of protecting, saving from , defending against (accus. and dat.): ainsium Crīst ar cech nernbās, Thes. ii 352.4 (Hy. vi). Dīa dom chobair . . . / ar cech ṅgúasacht, 350.16 (ibid.). dia dítin ar in pecthach, Ml. 57c4 . dia diden . . . ar náimdib, Thes. ii 354.2 . airnaib imnedaib doneimni a dǽ, Ml. 110d9 . fri himdegail cuirp . . . ar demnaib, Thes. ii 354.4 . diar snádud . . . / ar gábud, 359.6 . for soirad ar senachrib, Ml. 33b21 . air ni bói numsoiradsa ar chumachtae ṅduini, 74b13 . Continuing a Latin construction: ar thes inna gréne són ┐ ara naimtib gl. quae etiam inumbraret eos et regeret, 97c4 . arnaib cumachtgaib gl. difensionem, 103c7 . arnaib hi sin gl. ut illis eripiat, 117b4 . defensionis . . . ar maccaib israhel, 124b10 . Note also: comad chādus ar cach ngúasacht that it might be a halidom against every danger, BColm. 96.10 . tucc dam a Dē mōir / . . . / ar pīanu na plāg / tonna dīana dēr, ACL iii 232 § 1 .

III In later lang. ar and for become a single preposition (often with surviving difference in follg. mutation, see the examples in Bard. Synt. Tr. p. 2 ff. ). The follg. are exx. of ar for earlier for. Of local relations (for I): imda gol gargc ar a brú many a fierce wail in its lap, BColm. 100.6 . ar saebchoire in a maelstrom, 94.12 . tarrúd úire ar airib / for leccaib ar láech-maigib, Metr. Dinds. iv 232.34 . seóit Cluana maic Nóis do foillsechadh ar Gallaib Luimnigh `were discovered with', RC xviii 53.12 . Of quasi-local relations, etc. (II). Of point of time (c): ar na tri soldomnaib `on the three chief feasts', Mon. Tall. 129.27 . ar notlaice ┐ caiscc ┐ cengciges, Ériu vii 150.30 . Of rule, sway, over (f): ba rī tenn ar Tūathmumain, ZCP viii 119.28 . flaithius ┐ forlamhus ar crichaib . . . na cruinne, CCath. 1 . In addition to (g): cotardda trá ar se mo chendsa ardo chend my head in addition to thine, RC iii 185.8 . credo ┐ pater . . . ar cech m-biait, xv 490 § 26 ( for cach mbiait, § 32 ). Affecting, afflicting, etc. (h): bíd oirb oman Dé do neim, BColm. 100.3 . trom orm a innisi, ZCP viii 200.25 . duaithnid ar dainib in domain incomprehensible to, Fen. 38. 16 . Subsisting on (j): ar geilt féoir feeding on grass, Ériu iv 156.12 . ar usci ┐ bairgin, RC xv 491 § 30 , cf. for usci ┐ bairgin, 490 § 26 . In a state or condition (k): na biad ar in mbreith sin `that she would not abide by that judgement', RC xxiv 196.1 . nírbo borg báeth ar bruidin it was not a foolish castle engaged in brawling, Metr. Dinds. i 32.46 . With vb. of motion: ge deach rī Conaill a ccēin / ar slūaiged rí Temhra tréin, ZCP viii 116.21 . To express the dativus incommodi (m): adbathadar uile thorad parrthais ar Adam `were forfeited by Adam', Laws iv 266.14 . adbathadar ar Aongus a thire, 15 . rogabsat tech air they stormed the house in which he was, BColm. 72.4 . ni cloifithir oirb bar cath, YBL 314b55 . Perh. also: ben clucc ar Cellach against, Cáin Ad. 18 . cogadh mór le Domnall . . . ar Brian, Ériu i 78.5 . In phrases (p): ar bith c[h]é on this earth, BColm. 100.3 . ar comairci C. under the protection of C., 86.28 . ar debaid in haste, LL 7493 . ar lár cháich in the midst of everybody, Ériu iv 222.28 . ar neam in heaven, Anecd. i 39.114 . ar ṡeilbh (sic leg.) éicsi, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919, v 92 § 9 . With verbs (III): dorad min aire `put meal over it', Mon. Tall. 147.11 . dobert trian forcridi . . . ar chuid cach lae `added one third of water to the daily allowance', 7 . do thabairt geinti ar ireis, ZCP iii 22.6 .

Note also: rostatlaig ar thenn-medón he clasped her by the sturdy waist, Ériu iv 104.8 . roghabh nathraigh mbí ar bolgán `by the belly', CCath. 4194 .

IV Replacing ÍAR. Of time (I): ar cath Ch. after the battle of C., ZCP viii 314.18 . arsin, Ériu iv 132.1 . is ar sein anid sí co arnabárach thereupon she remains till the morrow, ZCP viii 309.20 . ar n-ēirghi grēine at the rising of the sun, ML² 1333 . sóaidh co brónach dia taigh ar marbadh a maic, RC xviii 45.31 . ar tteacht ór tticch, ZCP viii 219 § 13 . do bātar ar n-a crēchtnugad, ML² 386 . ar ngabāil gīall for Mumain, ZCP viii 119.31 . Of place (II): arsin t[s]eit along the way, Mon. Tall. 153.20 . ar slige Póil is Petair in the track of Paul and Peter, Ériu v 24.24 . According to (III): suidfither gach aon duine . . . ar miadh ┐ ar dligedh ┐ ar a sognim[r]adh, RC xxviii 22 § 49 . ar a fidhair fen do cruthaigh Día é in His own image, BCC § 408 .

For use as conjunction see 2 ar, 1 ara.

as-luí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. as-luí or dil.ie/4453
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: aslui, asloi, atd-lu, -elai, asluat, -elat, as-luigit, adluinn, elaind, asluad, asloa, -elammar, ciacloid, ciatloid, asloat, -élat, n-elathar, -rohéla, -erla, -ērlam, asrullat, aslóinse, -elaitís, atrullad, atluife, as-luífet, as-la, as-lōe, atlōi, at-lúi, as-lōeth, asluíd, asluiset, asruluús, -erlós, at-rulais, as-rola, as-rulla, at-rullai, atrulláe, adrullui, asrulaid, adrulaidh, -erlai, atrullaiset, -erlaiseat, atrullatar, adrullatar, -erlatar, élúd

v (* ess-lu-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 571 ). Later also with petrified inf. pron. at(ad-)-luí (or early confusion of ad- and as- Ériu xxxv 110 n. 65 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. aslui, Thes. ii 21.36 . asloi, ZCP vii 482 (Enchir. Aug.). adlai, IT ii2 197.17 . atd-lu, MU² 1028 . -elai, Laws i 118.6 . 3 pl. asluat, Ml. 44a17 . -elat, Laws iv 190.12 . ? as-luigit, Ériu lix 124 § 7 . Indic. impf. 1 s. adluinn (adluinid text) (no elaind v.l.), Imr. Brain ii 292. 35 . 3 s. asluad, Ml. 54c21 .

Subj. pres. 3 s. asloa, O'Curry 60 (H 3.18, 21b). 1 pl. -elammar, LU 1161 (ACC). 2 pl. ciacloid (leg. ciatloid, note), Wb. 26a2 . 3 pl. asloat, Anecd. iii 24. 15 . -élat, Ériu i 219 § 9 . ? Pass. sg. co n-elathar (-arlathar, -aicillther v.l.), MU² 560 and Gloss. With ro: 3 s. -rohéla, Wb. 30a10 . -erla, Laws iv 240.3 . 1 pl. -ērlam, Corm. Y 1059 ( Anecd. iv 92.9 ). 3 pl. asrullat, Laws iv 240.6 . Subj. impf. 1 s. aslóinse, Ml. 59a1 . 3 pl. -elaitís, LU 5734 . With ro 3 s. atrullad, Alex. 608 .

Fut. 3 s. atluife, ZCP x 344.2 . 3 pl. as-luífet, BDD² 1158 .

Pret. 3 s. as-la, BDD² 1510 . as-lōe, ZCP xv 343 § 34 . atlōi, Corm. Y 698 ( Anecd. iv 59.15 ). at-lúi, LL 247b25 . as-lōeth, ZCP viii 314.7 . asluíd, BB 25b8 . 3 pl. asluiset, Laws i 64.3 . Perf. 1 s. asruluús, Wb. 17d16 . -erlós, Fing. R. 116 . 2 s. at-rulais, Sc.M² 9 . 3 s. as-rola, Fél. Apr. 3 . as-rulla. Laws iv 240.3. at-rullai, Fing. R. 535 . atrulláe, LU 4376 . adrullui, IT i 144.4 . asrulaid, Metr. Dinds. iii 266.19 . adrulaidh (: churaigh), Anecd. i 62 § 103 . -erlai, SR 5349 . 3 pl. atrullaiset (atruluiset v.l.), Airne F. 186 . -erlaiseat, AFM i 556.4 . atrullatar, Dinds. 125 ( RC xvi 77 ). adrullatar, BB 255b20 . -erlatar, SR 4471 .

Later as simple vb. élaid q.v.

Vn. élúd. IGT Verbs § 64 .

(a) escapes (in physical sense): ni erla nech dib acht aenfher, LB 129a5 . co ro gonad fadeín ┐ co n-erlai iar n-a guin, LL 275a24 . ? asrulaed fo ííí ┐ ro giall Ériu do fo tri he escaped(?), YBL 418b4 = ar aslaesead co fothri . . ., 140a46 . co nerla ina longaibh iar nár a mhuintire, AFM ii 682.6 . In more general sense escapes, absconds, goes off, decamps: lotar (asluat v.l.) anair . . . co hA., Metr. Dinds. iii 442.37 . atlai . . . F. for teicheadh rias na mnaibh, Leb. Gab.(i) 14.20 . nech . . . oca coimet arna ra elat (of bees swarming), Laws iv 174.27 Comm. saithi beach matrollae, ii 420.10 Comm. ag iarraidh bó atrulla (do éló uaidh v.l.) do bhreith laigh, BNnÉ 16.y . gur 'trulla la M. `until she eloped', Todd Nenn. 178.4 .

With o, A(S) or DE (of the person or place escaped from): atrula int-ossar uad, SR 5317 . adlaoi uadhaib Asgall, AFM ii 1176.16 . atdluí Crumthand . . . ass, LU 1527 . nocha n-érlai asin cathraigh acht cía térnai do rind gái, TTr.² 158 . aen duna tesbadachaib atrulladar a Temraig, BB 408b23 . atluí morfesser díb do Cruachnaib Aí, LU 1584 . ? ni n-érlá acht atrullai di rennaib gai, LL 224b49 . With AR: is amne asruluús airi gl. síc effugi manus eius (of St. Paul's escape), Wb. 17d16 . atlui iarom fair co ndechaid issin n-áith do thirad, Irish Texts i 35.3 . as-luífet airib húaire is a sídaib doib, BDD² 1158 . in ērla . . . mo mac-sa foraib? ZCP xiii 178.32 . asloíset Lagin ar Chormac, LL 4908 .

(b) absconds, evades (a legal liability, etc.). Used absolutely: nach deoraidh ... cintach aslai, Laws iv 242.15 . ma nerla mas rulla teit for innile, 240.3 i.e. if a guilty person absconds his chattels become liable. ma atloat gaibter a sesci, ii 120.10 Comm. eisce .i. bith fri hais ┐ adrulla ┐ asrenar eisce immbi ceni tarracht, O'Mulc. 436 . With IMM (of that in respect of which absconding or evasion has taken place): is ima log nenech atrulla in flaith, O'D. 263 (H 3.17, 211). dia nel[a] impu, Laws ii 194.8 Comm. With prep.A: ben aslui a cain lanamna, Laws iv 184.16 . at-rulláe-side a giallai (an giallacus v.l.), ZCP xxvii 28.9 . co n-erlai a rrecht ind rig dodrigne (of Lucifer), Ériu ii 108 § 22 . With AR: raith ar mug aslui ar a flaith, Laws v 224.4 . athgabail eloduig aslui ar a fine, athgabail fuidir aslai ar a flaith, 260.18 .

With accus. bésse inna fedb asluat hiris `who evade the faith', Wb. 29a3 . slógad tar crích fri túa[i]th asidluí, Críth G. 513 . atumluifessa .cxx. annis . . . ┐ do athcuirfe cucum it will depart from me (i.e. the church will be alienated from me) . . . and will revert to me, Trip.² 1842 . athgabail . . . feicheman aslui dligid, Laws i 214.22 . fer aslui flaith `a man who evades [his obligations to] lord', BCrólige 16 . ma as-loa cobach (.i. feichem) tra conna acmai naidm da saigid fair, Bürgschaft 13 § 44 . ben no fer aslui gairi a mathar, Laws iv 184.16 . With figura etymol. ba hēlud as-lōe, ZCP xv 343 § 34 . corup elod aslui inti imma cuirither in t-eisce, O'D. 873 (H 3. 17, c. 624).

In phrase a.¤ sáeth(u) dies(?): slúag E. . . . / asrola sáeth (asaeth v.l.) sétaib, Fél. Apr. 3 .i. ro éla asna saethaib, Fél.² lxxi . asrala ri sacart saethu .i. ro la as ri na sacart a sáethu .i. i n-amsir a etsecta, LU 710 ( ACC 38 ). i n-ucht fiadat . . . asrola samthand saethu, LL 365 marg. sup.

claidemnas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. claidemnas or dil.ie/9327

n u, m. See Éigse xiv 132 . metrical term for a word or verse-line of seven syllables: claidemnus in sechtmad dēach .i. claidem manus .i. na lāime . . . seacht ndēalt dano fil i claidemnus, ut est fīanamailecharadard, Corm. Y 447 (p. 38.4, 7). c.¤ .i. claidebh manus .i. manus lamh ┐ claidebh na laimi in slindean: ┐ is e in sechtmad dialt, Auraic. 1425 . oenfidh . . . i ndialt, . . . a secht i c.¤ , 1217 . claidemnus dā, ut est: Atta cara cobolcaín / damsa for maig lagen lir, IT iii 49.1 . cloindmanus, 21 § 65 (claidemnus, v.l.). casbairdne . . . .iiii. randa indide ┐ cloindbinnius in cach raind, 11.8 . cloindbindus i cechtar de; ocht ndialt fichet son, IT iii 11 § 15 (claidemnus, v.l.; i.e. a stanza of four seven-syllabled lines).

comthetarracht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comthetarracht or dil.ie/11846

vn. of con-tetarrat: manus . . . arin chomtetracht `for seizing', Ml. 56b3 . ar chomthetarrachta ndemna ` attacks (lit. seizures)', Ir. Lit. 34.z .

craptha

Cite this: eDIL s.v. craptha or dil.ie/12778

etc. part. of crapaid. crapta, creaplaighte = wrapped, shrunk , Eg. Gl. 162 . lamh thirim chrapaighthi = manus arida, Smaointe B. Chr. 2094 . atáid a fhréumha c.¤ timchioll an chnocáin wrapped, Job viii 17 .

cumachtae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cumachtae or dil.ie/13790
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: cumactte, cumachta, cumacht, cumachta, cumacht

n io, n. (cf. con-icc, GOI 128 ). Also cumacht, see Bechbretha 157 . Freq. with -ct- in O. Ir. glosses, and in later lang. with com-. On cumactte, Wb. 6a1 see GOI 86 . Later cumachta [] and n, f. and cumacht m. and f. cumachta f., IGT Decl. § 8 . cumacht m., § 25 .

Power, strength, might : co cumachtu apstil, Wb. 29c6 . tre essamni cumachti `through confidence of power', 17a7 . arnab uilib cumactib dichoissin inim ettalam gl. supra omnem principatum et potestatem, 21a13 . is hóathir arroét macc c.¤ , Ml. 17c7 . hi c.¤ gl. non tradetur . . . in manu, 34c19 . is ed ac.¤ cétnæ gl. simili potentia, 48a21 . cenduch.¤ siu, 50a6 . a c.¤ gl. manus Dei, 51a7 . ní comtacht c.¤ ṅ diglae foranáimtea, 59c3 . mét inchumachtai ón, 64d7 . innac.¤ nemdi, 108c8 . huanchumachtu gl. nutu, 108d10 . in chumachtai `of the power', Sg. 3b17 . ni cumscaichthi c.¤ nairi, 6a5 . cumachtai (rectius -ae) gl. ylementa, 3b21 . saini archuit cumachti, 7a5 . c.¤ ṅDé dom chumgabāil, Thes. ii 356.7 . do ratadh cumhachta nglan, Blathm. 186 . arindí riges cumachtu(i) chun[d]rig fora thuatha(i), Críth G. 444 `coercive power', notes. cumachta díasnéte in Chomded, LU 2046 ( FA 12 ). gora lásetar in n-abaind assa curp ┐ assa cumac[h]ta `from its usual course and extent', TBC-LL² 3330 . riasin cumachta moir sin, Bodl. Dinds. 14 . dotchumachtaib nemtruailnide gl. potentia, Gild. Lor. 69 . ru-s-gab . . . in plag . . . cumachta fors-in Róim, PH 340 . tred chumachtain fen, YBL 150b27 . cérd a chomhachta `his best skill', Rel. Celt. ii 262.8 . tria cumachtaib chinid a mathar with the aid of, Ann. Conn. 1290.7 = AFM iii 450.8 . cóir creideamh do chumhacht (to the Host), DDána 14.2 . do reir gníma no cumachtan `actually or potentially', Rosa Angl. 50.5 . do réir ar ccomhachd, Mac Aingil 2545 . le cumachtaibh-sin (of precious stone), ZCP vi 325.9 . ar son a beth gabháltach ┐ a comachtain cum na foirme (of materia prima) in potency, O'Gr. Cat. 243.7 . cumhachd, deaghbheatha, ┐ léighionn jurisdiction (required in confessor), Mac Aingil 4465 . trí chumhachda, .i. meabhair, toil, ┐ tuigsi, 583 .

Of preternatural or magical powers: ba mor a cumachta si ┐ a huaman for cach, RC xxiv 190.16 . int aes cumachta ┐ anai ( andéi, LU 6251 ), TBC-I¹ 1751 . itá nách cumachta fora cul na n-én sa, LU 3276 ( SCC 7 ). do immirt mela ┐ cumachta forni, 8554 ( FB 41 ). dar mo chumachtasa, Anecd. i 11.21 ( SCano 354 ). a máthair tuc in cumhachta tṡidhamail sin dó, Cóir Anm. 26 . is imda lucht na cumachta, Mer. Uil.² 278 .

Gramm. of `powers' of consonants (in assimilation): éol ar uile chumhachtuibh connsuineadh, IGT Introd. § 2 (2.14) . an tan bhogthar connsuine crúaidh do chumhacht connsuine ghairbh when a voiced consonant is devoiced by assimilation to a voiceless fricative, § 29 . gé do-rinne an tshoil cumhachda gáoidhilgi ortha though the s has altered their pronounciation (so that they rhyme), § 31 .

Transfd. uses: na rig ┐ na cumachta (of persons), PH 1216 (cf. Wb. 21a13 cited above). ro teichset . . . riasin cumacht moir, BB 409a43 . o cuadar mo cumachta .i. mo ridiri uaim, Fier. 181 . screapall gacha tighe . . . fana chumachtuibh throughout his dominions, BNnÉ 202.10 .

In phrase fo chumachtu, -e under the power of: do buid fom chumachtu gl. quos mihi dedit Deus, Wb. 32d7 . fo chumachtu na doinechte, 32c14 . fochumachte dáei, 22c10 . nícon béosa fot chumachtasu, Fraech 281 . fom' smacht sa ┐ fom' chumhachta, MacCarthy 48.w . fo chomachtoip rīg na Spāinne, Fl. Earls 24.23 . dosṁbéra fochumachte in maicc, Wb. 13b30 . nim tharberar fochumactu nach sásta diib gl. sub nullius redigar potestatem, 9c31 . dotairbertsat in Asia fo chumachtaib ┐ fo mham, BB 417b20 . iar ttairbert chaich . . . fo a mamus, ┐ fo a chumachtaibh, Leb. Gab.(i) 236.23 . tuccastair an baile . . . fora cumus ┐ fora cumhachtuibh, BNnÉ 264.36 .

With follg. Vn. phrase: cumachtu m'anama do chur uam power to lay aside, PH 2370 . cumachtu laburtha, 2654 . With copula: masa chumachtae n dom gl. si fieri potest, Ml. 118a5 . di neoch bad chumacht, LU 10916 . connaba cumhachta do nach doen a tairchella rosc 'so that no mortal will be able to see them all', TBith.² 213 § 92 . With attá: nímtha cumachtæ ṅdo, Ml. 140b7 .

Cf. cáemachtu.

cumgabál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cumgabál or dil.ie/13832

Forms: chumgabal

ā, f. vn. of con-ocaib ( GOI 525 ). act of raising up, lifting, exalting; rising : dethiden dinaib bochtaib no ac.¤ `uplifting them', Ml. 129c3 . chumgabal filiorum israhel , 94c2 . in ch.¤ gl. exaltatio, 57d4 . tria chumgabail ┐ tria molad doib som `through his being extolled', 39d22 . c.¤ lám ón gl. leuabo manus , 79d5 . 138a1a . 2 . cumachtae ṅDé dom chumgabāil, Thes. ii 356.7 . is cumgabáil ordan, Fél. Ep. 208 . co cúala c.¤ in locha i n-airddi, LU 9098 ( FB 85 ). ma co feirc im (leg. in, Ed.) chumgabal (of voice), Ériu vii 170.4 . ērge .i. comgabāil, Corm. Y 520 . comgabhail ind nimhe don talmain, Anecd. ii 15.11 . ros-gab in gaim cumgabáil `winter has begun to raise it' (wave), Lament 15 . cros cloichi . . . do cumgabail is in aeor `was taken up into the air', Todd Nenn. 214.2 = CS 150.5 . is ann ata cúmgabail fodecht-sa do'n choimdid, PH 3498 . ? mongur na curad ac comghabail a bḟedhmann catha `upheaving their efforts of battle', Marco P. 61 (perh. com + gabál). ? iar ccomgabail sunn sedal / do Partholán `after he spent a while(?) there', Leb. Gab.(i) 62.9 (com + gabál?). tige na troch . . . ic comgabail a cheli `keeping back', MR 316.25 (for congbáil).

dán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dán or dil.ie/14559
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: dáno, dánu, dánou, dána, dáin, dána, dánai, dána, dánta, dánae, dána, dán, dánai, ndán, dán, dánae

n u, m. g s. dáno, dánu, dánou, dána; mod. also dáin. n du. dá dána , LL 99 a 29 . n pl. dánai, dána (both in Wb); mod. also dánta. g pl. dánae, dána and once dán (supported by the metre) SR 7212 . —Dim. dánán ( ZCP x 370 ), q.v.

I A gift, bestowal, endowment, present , translating Lat. donum, donatio and glossed by ascid, tindnacol, tidlaic, bronntanas. dán do thabairt (do thindnacul, do dáil, do ḟodáil) do to bestow upon. Dán in sense I is not found in the Laws; the legal terms for gift are tidnacol, 2 aiscid.

(a) in a material sense. dán .i. tidhnacul, Stowe Gl. 311 . dán airgid .i. maoin no aisgid airgid a gift of silver O'Cl. P. O'C. alali caillech dobert dán ṁbec disi hi rusc who gave her a little present (of fruit) in a basket Lism. L. 326. 14 , cf. Todd Lect. v 75. 7 . na draid tancatar do adrad Críst co ndánaib examla, PH 7113 . nothictis mic Israel co ndánaib ┐ dliged ┐ idpartaib don eclais sin in choimdhed, LB 122 a 24 . dánai na hecailse gifts given to the Church, its goods : airchinnig bíte ós inchaib martra nannaeb for dánaib ┐ dechmadaib na hecailsi, FA § 25 .

(b) in a spiritual sense.

(α) a gift from man to God, a spiritual offering; often in connection with idpart or dependent on adopair: na trí dána édbras ind eclais do Chríst .i. óige ┐ aithrigi ┐ lánamnus dligthech, PH 7082 . cura edpram dó na dána logmara sa .i. deigimrád ┐ deigbriathra ┐ deiggnim, ib. 7115 . co nérnend na dána trédai iris frescisciu ┐ déircc do Dia, ib. 7093 .

(β) a divine gift to man from God or the Holy Ghost, a Christian virtue looked upon as an emanation from the Holy Ghost , usually plural dánai. donationes secundum gratiam differentes: is sain dán cáich, Wb. 5 d 5 , 7 . sechiphé dán tra doberthar do neuch bad fri cumtach necolso immabera, ib. 13 a 3 (the same thought is expressed Wb. 22 a 11 : in aedificationem corporis Christi (i.e. the Church): is hed dothéit de tre ilar na ndáne). gratia habundans propter multos: mrechtrad inna ndáne tindnagtar do chách, ib. 15 c 2 . nítat ildáni do oenfiur et ní oen dán do sochuidi, ib. 21 a 16 . na decad in dán doradad dó fessin acht dán á cheli, ib. 23 c 16 . acht rocretea deacht Críst bit less ind huili dáni et na huili timne, ib. 27 b 15 . ni riat na dánu diadi aran indeb domunde, ib. 28 c 2 . fortgellam Dia dana (: slána) De we declare by God God's gifts SR 3611 . dán buidech briathar dimbrass a grateful gift is speech without boasting Ériu ii 63 st 3 . i coṅdiulg cech dána rothídnaic Dia do sruthib fetarlaice is dermáir in tidnacul tuc indiú dona hapstalu PH 5450 . in spirut noem inṡorchaidius ┐ ḟoillsigius dána ┐ derritus inna ṅgním ṅdiada, ib. 8082 ; cf. in spirut noeb ...roinṡorched dána ┐ derritiusa na ndliged ndiada don eclais, FA § 1 LB (which seems to correspond to the passage `arfuirid derritussa ┐ fochraice écsamla nimi dona bennachtnachaib' in the LU version). rodánaigthe a dánaib Dé tria secht fáthaib fáthsine, ZCP iii 21. 42 . duine co ndán ndligthech ṅDé, MacCarthy 40. 17 . dánai in spirto nóib the gifts of the Holy Ghost: doadbadar sunt ata nili dána in spirto et as nóindæ in spirut, Wb. 12 a 11 ( 1 Corinth. xii 11 ; cf. PH 5491 infra ). tairchella híc huili dánu in spirito, ib. 12 b 33 . tre thindnacul inna ndánæ in spirito do chách, ib. 21 c 2 . isé in spirut noeb sin ḟódlas a dhána dilsi do chách, PH 5491 ( 1 Corinth. xii 11 ). dána examla in spiruta noíb do thidnocul don eclais, ib. 5571 . They are seven: uair is secht ṅdána airegda airmither don spirut noem, ib. 8028 . hí figuir .vii. ṅdana spiritus sancti, Thes. ii 254. 9 . secht ndána in spiratu naoiṁ, O'Don. Suppl. 615 ( = secht tidluice i. s. n., 23 Q 1, p. 24 b 6 ). Their names are wisdom, intellect, counsel, vigour, knowledge, piety and fear of God: ecna intliucht comarle nert fis gaire gúr omon Fiadat for bith ché secht ndána Dé dún ZCP v 499 (stanza 4) .

(γ) in a special sense, a natural endowment, faculty, ability or talent, ingenium . fear creanus ... dliged ... dia tallaind tidnaic Dia do .i. isé Dia dotidnaic na dána sin do, Laws v 20. 13 , 25 .

II Skill in applying the principles of a special science; science; skill applied to the material or subject-matter of art; artistic faculty, art; especially the poetic faculty; the art of poetry . It translates Lat. ars. Synonyms elada, elatha, 1 fis, sous, airchetal. proficiebam in iudaismo, gl. ropsa airchinnech isin dán sin I have been a leader in that science Wb. 18 c 15 . is ecen do neuch fosisedar dán inna grammatic cotinola inna huili doilbthi, Thes. ii 6. 13 b 1 . badar liubair cacha dana issinn aracal irraibe Colum Cille books of every science Fél. 198 n 2 . ni bói dán aile innte acht legend ┐ scribend nammá quia ars ibi exceptis scriptoribus nulla habebatur Lat. Lives 92. 14 . Lochru ┐ Lucat Mael ithé...roptar auctair in dána sin inna sæbfáthsine inventores doni illius (sc. the druidical art), ib. 2. 6 . ocht ṅdalta do æs in dána druidechta na farrad, TBC-LL¹ 1071 . bar sciam ┐ bar ndán (v.l. náni) la Fiachra, RC xxiv 194. 10 . tria dan ┐ fisidecht a athar, ib. vi 178 l. 132 (v.l. from YBL). dénaid bhar ndána (i.e. music and dance)... Adubradar na mná nách dignidis dán go feastais a dtuarustol, Ériu iv 178. 16 , 18 . is dom sous matchous: a ndorigénai (sc. Brigit) do maith .i. is dom dán .i. is dom filidecht, Thes. ii 337. 21 . bretheam ...co ndán duis dfilidecht aigi a brehon with the skill of a `dos' in poetry Laws v. 92. 2 . aes cach dána núi cen inandus (sic leg.) na nastib, LL 197 a 9 ( Metr. Dinds. iii 180. 168 ). mac ind ḟiled cosin dán let the poet's son take to poetry ib. 148 a 11 . filid oldam anroth clí cano doss mac már...morsesser dian dan the seven who practise poetry ZCP v 499 st 7 (the bárd áine does not: ní fil dán lais, IT iii 5. 11 , 24. 10 . ní tuiremar dán lais, ib. iii 28 ). is oendán tegait .i. bairdne, IT iii 24. 18 , cf. ib. 6. 10 . i n(d)airib dána (sic leg.) in oakwoods of poetry ib. iii 106. 10 . dligid dan dúscad dligid fis foillsigud (sic YBL) MR 94. 16 . Gilla Aengussa O Cluman ollam Condacht re dán, RC xviii 165. 9 . beanuimsi fós (says Marvan to the sgeulees) a hucht mu dhia bar ndán díbh uili gan énrand do dhénumb ó so amach acht aenduan namá I deprive you all of your poetic faculty Oss. v 102. 18 . Ecna mac na trí ṅdea ṅdána, RC xxvi 30 , 139 . áes dána people of art ZCP x 370 , After Rome 34 , esp. poets (cf. IV): is annsin doeirgheadar aos dána an rígh do ghabháil a nduan ┐ a ndán do chách, Atlantis iv 198. 15 . re haes dána dénta duán, Acall. 587 . dá tí dano aes dána sin crích...corop siat a duana saṁ ┐ a dréchta gabtair ar tús i nEmain, TBC-LL¹ 1154 . oes dana Uladh im Fercertne sin, ib. 5466 . filid ┐ aes dána ┐ aes glamtha gruaidi, ib. p. 441 n. 1 . aos dána in ríg co rinnib, O'Mulc. 830 d . Also áes dán: file bard dúanaire áos dán, Eg. Gl. 350 . Cf. SR 7212 . fer dána (cf. IV)

a poet ZCP x 370 . a chlaidib ríg...fogéba duit thḟer dána tigerna do diṅgbála RC xx 12. st 19 .

atbertatar a chliar risin fer ṅdána...massed bar in file, &c. , Bor. § 132. 3 . Cú Condacht ó Dálaigh in fer dána is ḟerr dobai, RC xviii 157. 24 .

In a figurative sense in the phrases dán ecnai, d.¤ forbai, d.¤ laechdacht: maith dán egna ferr dán forba doiligh dán laech[d]acht...mairg dianad dán laech[d]acht, ZCP vi 261. 30 ; cf. LL 346 a 40 . dán ecna dogní ríg do bhocht the art of wisdom makes a king of a pauper LL 346 a 35 .—PERS.: Dán mac Osmenta Poetry, son of Scrutiny RC xxvi 30. 130 .

III A poem, song, verse, rhyme . dán an ode, poem, lay, song or ditty; hymn. gen. dáin or dána, P. O'C. adrad maicc dé dán búada, Thes. ii 349. 7 . baudar amra [a] dana, Laws i 22 , 28 . i nduais filed....i. logh ar admolad uair ni dlegar dib dan do chennoch, ib. v 129. 1 . érned ar cach ṅdán as dír ┐ is dliged do reicc, LL 215 a 22 . cid i ndeochraigetar (sc. na baird)...i ndánaib ┐ grádaib ┐ anmandnuibb in poems, grades and names IT iii 5. 5 ; 24. 7 . na soerbaird cid nosdeochraigethar i ngradaib. ní hansa asa ṅdánaib forberat, ib. 6. 2 ; 24. 11 . Cid nosdeachraigetar ┐ nosæntaighedar ina ndánaib, ib. 24. 17 . do ghabháil a nduan ┐ a ndán do chách, Atlantis iv 198. 16 . dia seichmis cech dia do dán, ZCP vi 266 st 8 . dá mbeirthea dán lat, ib viii 109. 26 . is fírdliged deit dan mic rigfiled Ruirend, MacCarthy 132 iii a . dagaiste in dána, IT iii 106. 2 . is iat sin ardaiste in dána, ib. 27 . reacfad feasda dán re dia, 23 D 13 , p. 25. 1 . Further examples Exodus xv 2 . Deuteronomy xxxi 19 . 2 Samuel xxii 1 . 1 Kings iv 32 . Job xxxv 10 . dán do chumtach to compose a poem: conutaing duine dán, H 3.18, 53 b . conrotacht dan duib, TBC-LL¹ 1707 Y. dánta diaghachta psalms Donlevy 454. 17 . i ndán in verse : aithghiorra an teagaisg chríosduighe a ndán, ib. v 7 ; cf. lii 18 ; 487. 2 . dán dírech the name of a metrical system used by the Irish: asé dochúm na duanta senchasa so i ndán díreach, AFM v 2320. 5 . dán d., Rel. Celt. ii 297 . 34 . O'Molloy 144 .

IV An industrial pursuit of a skilled nature; a craft, trade, business, office, calling, profession . Sometimes hardly distinguishable from II. Glossed by tidnaiced, Laws v 14. 23 , 26 , ib. 90. 26 ; translating Lat. professio, Sg. 33 a 25 , ars Todd Lect. v 92 , Sg. 156 b 4 , and often used synonymously with cerdd ( Laws i 14. 25 ; Thes. ii 293. 15 ; RC xxvi 21 ff .) and eladu ( Laws v 98 pass.). is ionann dán ┐ ceard, Keat. 666 . dán .i. ceárd, P. O'C. —dán do aittreb to hold or possess a profession (Sg). dán do aurfognom ( RC xii 78. 13 ), d.¤ do frithgnom ( Ml. 37 b 12 ; RC xii 76. 2 ), d.¤ do dénom ( Wb. 27 d 10 , Laws pass. ) to practise a profession. dánae do chongbáil ( Laws v 104 ; RC xii 78 ) to keep up or practise several professions (only pl. dánae). dán do ḟoglaim to learn a profession ( Ml. 37 b 12 ; Laws). dúlchinne or lóg in dáno ( Laws pass. ; ACL iii 227. 29 ) the pay of the profession.

The various dánae were divided into prímdánae (dagdánae) and fodánae (drochdána); compare Laws and LL 215 a 20 : lucht cech dána eter prímdán ┐ ḟodán. The latter class included according to Laws v 108. 20ff . the aes ciúil ┐ oirfidid oilchena monaig ┐ araid ┐ luamain ┐ comail ┐ daime ┐ creccoire ┐ cleasamnaig ┐ fuirseóire ┐ brugedóire ┐ fodána olcheana...nísta saíre cena foleith. While the aes ciúil thus are graded with jugglers and buffoons, an exception is made for the harpers, the cruittiri: cruit isé aendán ciúil indsein dliges saíre, ib. 106. 27 . All who practise a profession are daernemed-persons with the exception of the filid ( Laws v 14 ff ), because they serve saernemed-persons and receive payment from them. `Every profession has its nemed' (cach dán a nemed) and `Every profession has its emoluments' (cach dán a duilgine) says the Alphabet of Cuigne mac Emoin ( ACL iii 226. 14 ; 227. 29 ). Highest among the aes dáno rank the saír `carpenters,' gobainn `smiths,' umaidi `braziers,' cerdda `gold-smiths,' legi `doctors,' breithemain `brehons,' and druid `druids' ( Laws v 90. 19 ). Other professionals mentioned in the Laws are the ailtiri (probably a subdivision of saír), cairemain `shoemakers, leathern-bottle makers,' círmairi `combers,' geibich `cloth-figurers,' iascairi `fishermen,' nascairi `chain-makers,' rindaigi `engravers,' tornóiri `turners,' tuathait `shield-coverers,' v. Laws v 106 ff . To these may be added from other texts the senchaidi `historians,' the grammarians, the chess-players, the lucht cumachtai `folk of might' (including the corrguinig, tuathaig `sorcerers,' ammaiti `wizards'), the araid `charioteers,' selgairi `hunters,' deogbairi `cupbearers,' &c., cf. RC xii 76 ff . 88 ff . But farmers of land exercise no dán; in the Tecosca Cormaic LL 375 c 20 dán is used in opposition to orbae 'inherited property'.

The Laws make a distinction between dánae inunna the various branches or subdivisions of one and the same profession, and dánae écsamlai different professions, as is evident from the following passages: cethri dána inunda aigi he has four parallel professions (viz. the building of sea-ships, barques, canoes and vessels), v 104. 7 . fer congeb trede .i. trí dána inanna aigi .i. durtech ┐ muilinn ┐ ibroracht, v 104. 21 . fer congeb dede .i. fer congbus dá dán examla .i. goibnecht ┐ cerdacht smithwork and goldwork v 104. 18 . fer congeb ceatharda .i. cethra dána éxamla .i. goibnecht ┐ cerdacht ailtirecht ┐ gebidecht smithwork and goldwork, carpentry and cloth-figuring ib. v 104. 30 . dia mbeth dána éxamla aice beith eneclann cacha dána dib, H 3.18 , p. 126 . O'D. Suppl.

Salutat uos Lucas medicus, gl. dicit híc ainm dáno dorigéni i tossug, Wb. 27 d 10 . alia a professionibus .i. hua ḟóisitnib inna ṅdáne frisgniat ┐ ataimet, Sg. 33 a 25 . ut mechannicus .i. arindí atreba in dán sin. ind ḟiss asberar michanicé , ib. 33 a 26 , 27 . grammaticus .i. airindí atreba in dán inna litredachte, ib. 33 a 28 . dual dán, Laws v 104 . artium vero nomina .i. dana .i. anmman araḟóimtar di danaib ut doctor de doctrina , Sg. 156 b 4 . quos multa peritia facit ab eiusdem artis consortibus eminere .i. sainred neulais leu isin dan frisgníat sech cách fodglein olchene, Ml. 37 b 12 . cechtar nathar fria saindan, bíth a menmasam fri seilgg mu menma céin im saincheirdd, Thes. ii 293. 14 . maith la cechtar nár a dán, ib. 294. 2 . isé a prímdán budein filidecht, Laws v 12. 17 . is saer cid cách creanus a suíre dia dán, iv 14. 28 . in cách...cendaigis saeiri dó dun dán bís aigi amail atá in gaba, v 14. 30 ; cf. ib. 20. 14 , 22 , 33 . is feardi in fear sin na dána sin do cindemain aigi that man is the better of those professions having fallen to his lot, v 20. 28 . cethri ba do ar gach ndán four cows for each profession, v 104. 8 . in dán is uaisli dib, ib. 104. 22 . dá prímdán do beith aigi i fotha .i. clochsairsi ┐ crannsairsi ┐ in dana dan as uaisli dib do beith aigi i fotha .i. damliag ┐ duirrtech, v 92. 2 f.b. fégad arna dánaib eile, v 94. 3 . in dúil chinntech doberar dontí aca ndéntar in dán .i. lóg in dána, v 266. 12 . seisid doben allógh gacha dána dib, ib. 94. 4 . Cf. sesid do asna dánaib eli, v 104. 25 . saer daer dagdána dáig fogniat ┐ fogníter free, unfree are the good arts, because they serve and are served, v 96. 10 , 13 . in oiret bes (sc. in dalta) ica ḟoglaim .i. ic dénum a dána dligthig (apparently = while he is learning his lawful profession, though dán do dénum usually means to exercise a profession), v 96. 24 . a étail dána uile...┐ cédtuilleam a dána the entire profits of his profession and the first earnings of his profession, v 96. 28 . dia congba dá dán díb if he unites (keeps up) two of these arts, v 106. 8 , 15 . ni ḟuil nach ní doib ara ndán nothing is due to them in right of their profession, v 106. 25 . ma feraind fuair ara dán hé, ib. iii 50. 3 . ara dhán no ara leginn no ara filidecht, ib. 50. 6 . mad étail brethemnasa no filidechta no nach dána olcena, iii 50. 4 . a dualgus a dána in right of his profession, v 108. 16 , 17 , 36 . nach dán asrubartamar dliges saire, v 108. 1 . gan a dán, 108. 2 , 7 . intí aca mbia aendán the person who has one profession, v 108. 13 . intí ca mbed dána ilarda, ib. 14 . ildána (n pl.), ib. 16 . damad hé dán dliged na fine if it was the lawful profession of the tribe, iii 50. 10 .

cipe dán ara corat[h]ar neuch láiṁ ised as dech dó foss occa, Mon. Tall. 159. 6 . cid hé mo dán though that be my craft FB § 92 , cf. Strachan ZCP iii 422 . ni hé mo dan dogrés atát dána lim chena, FB § 93 . a gillai forcitail (a mmo sruith) cia dán dognísiu, RC xxvi 20 § 54 , 22 § 70 . oc dénum a dána, H 3.17 , col. 175 . cia dan frisag[n]eie al sei ar ni teid nech cin dan i Temruig, RC xii 76. 2 (compare ní théiged [don fleid i.e. fleid Temrach]...duine cen dán, Ériu iv 124. 12 ). abair ... an fil les oeinfer codogabai ina danu sæ ule, ib. 78. 9 . na huili dano arufognot det muntir si atát les ule a oenor conedh fer cacha danai ule ei, ib. 78. 13 . bo suí cach dáno é, ib. 78. 24 . ruaicill Lug cach ar uair dib fria ndanoib, ib. 92. 13 . bid furside cech dán, ib. xxvi 36 § 185 . fer sotal im gáis im dán im thocad, Tec. Corm. § 32 . romeasc cách ar dan a chéle IT iii 187 § 7 (= MS. Mat. 511. 24 . BB 261 a 25 ). ro hordaigheadh cách díb fora dhan díleas, ib. ferr dán orbba a trade or profession is better than inheritance LL 345 c 20 . rofiadaiged ar grádaib ┐ dánaib ┐ dligedaib, &c. TBC-LL¹ 997 . rocóraidhid iarum cách fo grádaib ┐ i ndanaib ┐ i ndligemnus, Ériu v 234. 9 . na hollumain ┐ anis deach fri cech ndán olchena, FDG 25 . an dán cétna dóib sund, BColm. 20. 23 . dober Colmán dó hi fus in dán cena cétna, ib. 74. 23 . Here also O'Mulc. 222 : cerd graece cires .i. manus unde cernach .i. buaidh lám dicitur. ar cach dán dogniat lámae is cerd dongairther .i. lámdae because every craft, exercised by the hands, is called `cerd.'

dán ciúil the profession of the `áes ciúil.' cruit isé aendán ciúil indsein dliges sairi, Laws v 106. 27 . aes dáno (pl. aesa dána, FB § 12 ) .i. in lucht aca mbí in dán, Laws v 98. 6 . The practisers of a profession, people of any trade or art (other than farmers of land) = aes cerdd, Laws iv 316. 25 , aes tidnaicthe, ib. v 14. 23 , 26 , aes eladan, v 90. 28 , though v 98. 11 a distinction is made between `aes dána' and áes borbeladan 'workers in unskilled professions'. Opp. aes trebtha, Cóir Anm. § 149 . tarrcomlad cach aes dána la hÉrind co tarfen cách a cheird fia[d] Patraic, Laws i 14. 25 . aithgabáil cach aes (sic) dána, ii 118. 21 . breithem bes tualaing fuigell frisind aes ndána, v 98. 1 . duilgine cach aesa dána adroilli duilgine, v 264. 15 . formna láth ngaili Ulad arcena ┐ a maccæm ┐ a næsa dána, FB § 12 (p. 258. 13) . rofáid C. filedu ┐ áes dána ┐ drúdi Ulad dia saigid... rotriall som dano in næs ndána do marbad, SCC § 48 . aragarud...oes danu Erionn, RC xii 84 § 85 . degníth lesin oes ndanou indsen, ib. § 86 . den oes dana, ib. § 124 . do ḟiledaib ┐ aes dána, TBC-LL¹ 2708 . aes cacha dáno, Laws v 14. 18 . rodeiligsid arís æs cacha dána fria aroili, IT iii 187 § 7 ( MS. Mat. 511. 26 ) aes cacha dáno olchenae 'any other professionals': daerneimead imorro aes gacha dána olchena, Laws v 14. 17 . daernemed tra saeir ┐ gobaind ┐ umaide ┐ cerda ┐ legi ┐ breithemain ┐ druid ┐ aes cacha dána olchena, ib. v 90. 21 (gl. .i. lucht cacho tidnaicthi uili cena ┐ na fodhán). iter eclais ┐ tuaith ┐ aos gacho dána olchena, ZCP viii 111. 21 . doescarṡluag ┐ oes dímain ┐ oes cecha dána olchena, LB 116 a 27 , cf. di daoscarsluag ┐ daos cecha dánæ olchenæ, RC xii 104. 2 . cóicedaig Érenn...┐ a rígu ┐ a toísig ┐ a nócthigernn ┐ a namsaid ┐ oes cacha dána gnáthaig ┐ ingnáthaig olchena FDG 158 . aes dánae, aes dán (pl.) = aes dáno; cf. dér as g pl. Fél. Epil. 400 . cen aes ṅdán, SR 7212 , cf. aos dán poets Eg. Gl. 350 . ceth ind táos dánae ol Máolrúin in gobui[n]d ind tsáoir ┐ reliqui , Mon. Tall. 135. 30 . For the use of the pl. compare the synonymous áes cerdd. fer dáno a member of the aes dáno, a professional man: mad fer dána, Laws iii 48. 18 ; in a spec. sense a poet, v. II. Idiomatically in asseverations: dar mo dán by my craft (profession): d. m. d. is luag noragad duid ar sin do dénum, Anecd. i 46. 6 . Cf. fo mo cheirdd, LU 75 b 30 ( TBC-I¹ 1685 ).

V A craftsman : cach dán dogní aicdi flatha nó ecalsa 'every craftsman who manufactures articles for a lord or a churchman', Críth G. 486 , Ériu lxvi 2 . cruit, is ē āendān cīuil ind sein dliges saīri 'a harpist, that is the only skilled musician who can claim independent status', CIH v 1616.31 , Ériu lxvi 2 . sāer dāer dagdāna 'good craftsmen are [at once] noble and base', CIH v 1613.22 , Ériu lxvi 2 . cis lir fodlai for soírneimthib? ... a cethair - ecnae, eclais, flaith, fili; it é doírnemid dánae olchenae 'how many divisions are there of noble privileged ones? ... four, ecclesiastical scholar, churchman, lord, poet; the remaining craftsmen are base privileged ones', Ériu xl 8 § 1 .

VI A profession as represented by its practisers collectively; the members of a trade as a body. cach dán dogní aicdi flatha no ecalsa all craftsmen who make the manufactures of a chief or a church Laws iv 332. 1 . dán cimbeda probably= captives, prisoners (if not corrupt for damna cimbeda, see damnae I (b)): gabtar na fir ┐ ná gontar iter dáig nimmó ná dán cimbeda rothoegat, TBC-LL¹ 5120 . That the sense is a concrete one and Windisch's translation wrong is proved by TBC-LL¹ 5122 : Conchobar gan a guin do gabáil ┐ dán cimbeda do dénam dona deich cét ar ḟichit cét bátar na ḟarrad.

VII An occupation, function, business; an allotted task . dán .i. obair, Lec. Gl. 446 , Stowe Gl. 59 , 330 . cumal .i. ben bís oc bleth brón ar isé dán na mban ṅdáer riasiu darónta na muilind for this was the business of bondwomen Corm. s.v. cumal ; Zeuss² 245 . trí dána dobertsat slóg na Galia fair úir do tarradh ┐ muighi a fedhaib ┐ scáileadh murgabla srotha Ligir three tasks the people of G. imposed upon him RC xv 434. 26 , where dán= obair, l. 29 below (┐ adaigestar obair naile do thabairt fair). tri dán tucsat for R., LL 196 a 36 . olc or sí do dan bith oc buadred na Hérenn LU 53 b 8 (Tuc. Ind. na nD.). trí eoin aregda isin chathair ...┐ a menma ina ndúlemain tria bithu issé sin a ndan FA § 7 . bid hé mo dán iter drungu démnu...beth icot mallachad sa, PH 8263 . Hardly in Mon. Tall. 133. 10 : asrubart M. nibu móo dan lais arrobúi isind tsaltir nuli; the translation given seems impossible.

VIII To give in payment; a payment (cf. dawn bwyd payments in kind in the Welsh Laws). dan .i. ic ut est co hiar nde mis rodantar frit no r[o]dana .i. cidh riut icar cidh tu icas, O'Dav. 693 . So in Alexander 382 : rotustuillset fo chísaib ┐ bés ┐ dán ┐ dliged dóib, if it is complete (the line ends with fo chísaib ┐; something might have been dropped at the beginning of the new line). It recalls the passage TBC-LL¹ 997 , containing dán in the sense of profession : rofiadaiged ar grádaib ┐ dánaib ┐ dligedaib ┐ uaslecht ┐ cáinbésaib.

IX PHRASES.

(a) is dán do: bá dán dosom intan ba holc a menma noslocad indala súil conna roched corr inna cind it was his custom (?) SCC § 5 . ar is do is dán tidhnocol for to him `belongs to make presents (O'Don.) Leb. Cert. 192. 14 . gottí an tairrngeartaigh dar dhán sí asa hairmbertaibh diompádh who is allotted to Tadhg O'Huiginn (R.I.A. 23 L 17 , f. 576 § 12 )=dá mbed i ndán. Cf. VIII (b).

(b) i ndán (do) destined to, in store for; espec. destined by fate, fated, allotted ; phonetically i nán. Synon. i cinniud, i tairngiriu.—Only in connection with atá or dorala. The phrase does not appear in the Glosses, and the earliest instances collected here are taken from the YBL and the LB. Dán used independently in the sense fate, destiny , is not common in Irish, though this meaning is frequently given by modern lexicographers (dán .i. cineaṁain P. O'C. , cf. Coneys, O'R., Dinneen ). A late instance is quoted VIII (a). It occurs, however, in spoken Gaelic: is duilich cur an aghaidh dàin to oppose fate is difficult ( Macd. Gael. Dict. i 310 a ); but as a rule in Gaelic also it depends on i n- (ma tha e 'n dàn dhoṁ a bhi beò). robai i ndán ┐ i tairngire in aided úd diar mbreith doréir faistine in druad was fated and foretold RC xxiv 280 § 19 (YBL). aspert in sruith [fri]usuṁ imthecht uair ní hannsut boi i ndan [do]ibh eserghi, ib. xiv 58 § 72 (Book of Fermoy; v.l. nách ann rocinnedh doib a neiséirge). mata a ndán duit, ib. xxiii 420. 28 (YBL; compare l. 24 : do bi i tairngiri dam). ma rocollit riam a gessi rocollit innocht .i. boi a ndán a coll for their breaking was fated MacCongl. 15. 13 (LB). na nethe aurdhalta bis a cinded ┐ a ndan doib, Fen. 38. 17 . ag déunaṁ réiṁḟiadhnuise airna neithib dobhí a ndán do Chríosd dḟulang, RC vii 359. 10 ( 1 Peter 11 ). noco tí an ridiri da fuil a ndán an pócc do thabairt, ZCP ii 24. 28 . ca fis nach da cloidhem féin atá a ndán a marbadh ib. vi 103. 7 ; 'who knows that it is not his own sword that is destined to kill him' x 371 . cip hé for talmain...dia da (leg. dia d[t]a) i nndán a fúaslocod (sc. inna cest), ib. iv 234.1 f.b. , RC xxxvii 18 . a beith i ndán dam bás dagbáil in lá dá gebthasu bás, Cog. 172. 8 . ní fhuil a ndán do bás dḟaghail nó go mbuailtear trí buillidhe don luirgḟearrsaid atá aige air, Oss. iii 120. 6 . fothrugadh luaidhe ar do chind sa óir dobhi a n[d]an do thiachtain annso, Ériu iii 164. 3 f.b. dobhaoi a ndán...tocht do ṡluaigh go hiathṁaigh (sic leg.) nAdhair, Hugh Roe 198. 17 . gach ainiarsma da mbí i ndán dó féin ó thosach a gheineaṁna go síorraidhe tre ṡaoghal na saoghal, TSh. 72. 18 . Further instances Acall. 6876 . Miscell. Celt. Soc. 150. 23 . SG 65. 45 ; 234. 5 . RC xiii 222. 39 . Aen. 84 , 93 . Gadelica ii 93 . 8. OCL 6 . BS § 76. 2 .—The following examples do not involve the sense of fate or destiny: na cóicedaig archena do ṡuidiugad amail robuí a ndán do chách, FDG 203 . do Luaighni atá i ndán in tres, Fianaig. 68. 11 . dobhraith cách uili den láiṁ (leg. d'ēnláimh) go bfuil caphair a ndán dí, Ériu vi 128. 6 f.b. , ZCP x 371 tárla a ndán di teagṁáil aran gcuid don ṁachaire noch fa le Boas it was her hap Ruth ii 3 .

(c) beith doendán i cenn oppose together, be on the same side against; the same as beith doenláim i cenn, as is evident from the passage LB 140 a 15 : co ndernsat caratrad do beth doeṅdán i cend Aristobuil...o rabtar oentadaig dénlaim i cend A. &c. Developed from sense IV.

MOD. dán (Connaught also nán, nnán, abstracted from i ndán), gen. dáin (dána obs.), n pl. dáin and dánta, d pl. usually dánaibh, a song. fear dáin a poet : is mór an fear dáin docheapadh é (Kerry). i ndán (with tá) fated, in store ; also able to: níl tú i ndán anacht id ṡuidhe ( Finck ii 99. 6 ); cf. Acall. 2396 : ní raibhi a ndán dúinne a marbad we could not kill it (sc. the monster). In the sense of I-II, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII (a) and (c), dán is now obsolete, and in the sense of III words like amrán, dúan, laíd are now more usual.

Compd.: ós cech dándíne drong trén 'over every gifted host of strong bands', SR (Greene) 6703 .

danó, dano

Cite this: eDIL s.v. danó, dano or dil.ie/14616
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: dā, dano, dana, daniu, daneu, dano, dono, dana, danau, dā, dā, dō, dano, dono, dona, dana, dāa, dōo, denu, doná, nú, dno, dna, d, do, no, dono, dano, dana, denu, dā, dno, no, dno, no, dā, No

sō: da-nō, Ir. Gosp. Thom. § 22 . shō: 'nō, DDána 175 § 29 . 'nó, LL ii 11121 (TBC) . See Ériu liii 139: of unknown origin in spite of Zeuss 1005, n. 3 . Perhaps da-no, da-nu, cf. co-nu, ACC 66 , nu, ib. 11 , and BB 318 a 33 : dā .i. da nui insein; daniu, Cambr. (modelled on didiu? daniu: danu = didiu: didu); niu the dative of ní in Mil seems a late form and should not be compared. It is worth noticing that in the Enchir. Aug. 85 a ( ZCP vii 485. 6 ) Lat. denuo is glossed by nuu. The oldest meaning of dano is that of denuo ` anew, again ' (e.g. Mon. Tall. 149. 26 ). All other meanings arose from this.

A OLD-IR. Usually written dā = dano or dana.

daniu, Cambr. 37 d .

daneu, Cambr. 38 a , 38 b .

dano in full, Wb. 5 c 12 , 5 d 23 , 9 c 10 , 32 c 2 ; Ml. 43 a 22 .

dono in full, Wb. 2 d 10 , 8 d 5 , 7 d 16 .

dana in full, Wb. 5 c 18 . Elsewhere always dā in Wb.

danau, Ml. 37 a 8 .

The 8th century MS Cín Dromma Snechta had dā.

B MID.-IR. Usually written dā, as in Old-Ir., and dō.

dano in full, Laws i 26. 22 ; 28. 17 , 25 ; 242. 18 .

dono is the usual form in the Laws; always nó dono; (nó dō); in full RC xi 446, l. 55 ; Laws i 236. 20 (cid dono); Death-tales of the Ulster heroes § 4 ; Lib. Flav. 16 a 1 . 2 .

dona in full RC xi 444. 1 .

dana in full, ScM. 17 ( IT i 105. 5 ), H 3. 18 ; TE 13 ( IT i 127. 4 ), Eg. dana supported by the rhyme Acall. 3852 .

dāa, RC xi 444. 1 f.b.

dōo, Laws i 8. 1 .

denu in full RC xii 72 § 44 , Harl.; dē, ib. 86 § 93 .

doná, AFM iii 34. 3 ; 34. 14 ; 38. 10 ; 40. 6 ; 48. 11 ; TFrag. 8. 15 .

nú (: Lúachrú; no, v.l.), Three Historical Poems, 112 q.23Aa .

Syncopated forms:

dno in full, Thes. ii 308. 5 (Preface to Fiacc's Hymn; but dā, 307. 4 , 9 .); ib. 325. 7 (Preface to Ultan's Hymn, Franc.). Laws i 112. 1 ; 220. 8 - 16 ; v 368. 9 . CCC § 2 LU (v.l. dā). TBC-LL¹ 3756 ( LL 86 a 37 ). LL 34 b 31 (: rempo). BB 109 a 20 ; 353 a 31 ; 296 b 51 ; 322 a 14 , 19 , 21 , 22 (most frequent in this MS). Hib. Min. 15 (l. 51 , 58 ); 18 (458) ; 40 st 3 (Rawl.). RC xii 100. 1 ; 108. 1 (Harl.); ib. 108. 11 ; 92 § 122 ; 82. 1 f.b. ; 58 § 12 ; 72 § 43 . ZCP iii 227. 21 (Harl.); 249. 10 ; 228 § 3 ; 237 § 27 . ACL iii 2. 5 . Anecd. iii 25. 16 . dā = dno supported by the rhyme, LL 8 a 39 , 144 a 9 . dō = dno supported by the metre, ACL iii 297 st 60 , H. 3. 18.

dna in full: Laws i 20. 7 . RC xiii 377. 8 (H. 3. 18), v.l. dā. ScM. § 19 Harl., v.l. dā. Cog. 160. 25 . TFrag. 148. 11 . AFM i 470. 10 f.b. ; iii 110. 17 ; 118. 1 .

d, TBC-LL¹ (LL) 2298 ; ib. p. 179 n. 3 (Stowe-MS). ZCP iii 249. 25 ; 251. 4 . Lib. Flav. 26 b 1 . 43 . RC xii 66 § 33 (Harl.); ib. 72 § 44 ; 74 § 53 ; 98 § 131 . Hib. Min. 15 (l. 53) , 18 (l. 449) .

do, RC xii 104 § 149 .

no (short `o,' cf. below; nó, LL 90 a 3 = TBC-LL¹ 4318 ; cf. no rhyming with dó, BB 297 b 42 ; written l-, LL 55 b 27 = TBC-LL¹ 200 ): TBC-LL¹ (LL) 437 , 2826 , 2835 , 2839 , 2911 , 2914 , 2948 , 3167 (?), 3239 , 3647 , 3745 , 3753 , 3756 , 3885 , 4241 , 4261 , 4305 , 4322 , 4332 , 4343 , 4355 , 4365 , 4392 , 5018 , 6023 . CRR § 7 l. 9 ( LL 172 a 1 ), § 9 l. 8 ( 172 b 2 ), § 14 l. 5 , § 25 l. 6 , § 34 l. 2 , § 41 l. 4 , § 46 l. 7 , § 51 l. 11 . LL 57 a 33 , 91 a 54 , 101 a 2 , 172 b 48 , 175 a 42 . BB 46 a 19 , 269 b 51 , 297 b 42 (= IT iii 12 § 21 ). Laws v 368. 17 (? ar is ón no darcid inn[d]omon do duiniu).

for `dni' AFM v 1552 read didiu ( dī, Aut. MS fo 87 a ).

Of the Old-Ir. forms dono arose from dano, as ocus from acus, under the influence of the u-shaded `n.' At the time of the Würzburg Glosses dano was still kept distinct from dono, the latter being used after interrogatives apparently as an enclitic, without accent: ar cia dono, Wb. 2 d 10 . cepu dono, 7 d 16 . ce dono, 8 d 15 (cf. cid dono, Laws i 48. 24 ; 54. 3 f.b. ).

The syncopated Mid.-Ir. forms dno, no retaining `o' show that also in Old-Ir. the stress fell on the ultimate, as dano stressed on the penultimate would have given Mid.- Ir. dana. The Mid.-Ir. writing denu ( RC xii 72 § 44 , cf. dechum, debert) points in the same direction. Compare also the writing doná in the FM. In poetry the accent falls on the ultimate:

Acall. 3852 : mairg dadhair don luing dana. nachasainic Tonn Chlidna.

The syncopated form is often used in poetry for the convenience of the metre. It appears in several poems ascribed to poets of the 11th and 12th centuries, e.g.

LL 144 a 9 : Almon rathuit artús dā (dno leg.) i nEtail ra Troiano.

(a poem by Giolla an Choimdhedh Ua Cormaic of the early 12th century).

LL 8 a 39 : anmand tri mac Nemid dā (dno leg.) Luach Cessarni ┐ Luachro.

(poem by Tanaidhe Ua Maoilchonaire †1136; v.l. no, BB 46 a 19 ).

LL 34 b 31 : i ndáil fer talman sund dno [labrad] (cf. l. 43 ) lá is aidchi rempo.

(poem by Cúán O'Lothcháin †1024).

Further in a 10th-century poem from Rawl. 1 a 1 , Hib. Min. 40 st 3 :

fuilriud már guin dóine dno ocus plág for pecthacho.

in Fingen mac Flainn's poem on the Fir Arddae from the middle of the 9th century, ACL iii 297 st 60 :

ní mandingentar dno dóibsium dál ndrong ndelech.

and ICM st 188 :

atchitis dno (sic leg.) triasan tor sin forsin dorus atreab nálaind &c.

This brings us back to the time of the Codex Sangallensis; whence it follows that dno, though not occurring in any MS older than the LU, belongs to the Old-Ir. period.— No was developed from dno in Mid.-Ir. time. It seems impossible to fix the date of this development accurately. The appearance of `no' in old poetry, as BB 46 a 19 , 297 b 42 , is no test, as no might be a late substitute for dno. The fact that the earliest instances occur in the LL points to the 12th century. In Mid.-Ir. MSS dā, dno, and no go hand in hand. The spoken form was dno, later no; but the traditional writing dā lingered on for centuries in the MSS. No is found in MSS from the early 13th to the 15th century, when it became obsolete. The FM write doná, dana, dna, purely literary forms. In the Annals of Ulster the particle does not in any form occur after the year 1204 ( AU ii 242. 2 ).

In Mid.-Ir. no syntactical distinction is made between dā, dno, dna, and no. The particle is never placed at the head of the sentence, but can, apart from this, occupy almost any position within it. It follows stressed and unstressed words, and appears particularly often after emphasising particles, a circumstance which contributed to the syncope of the first syllable. It gives a certain emphasis to the accented word immediately preceding. The following is a synopsis of the most common positions of the particle:

(1) asbeir daniu ind apstol, Cambr. 37 d. torchratar no muinter Fintain, LL 91 a 54 . bemmini dano, Wb. 9 c 10 . mathidsom dano, Mon. Tall. 138. 26 . dogénsa no, CRR § 9 .

(2) abi mogasi dano, Wb. 27 c 17 . (is) maith dano, ib. 33 a 5 . bat roumal dano in fer sin, Mon. Tall. 159. 2 . is ferr dano lais, ní haurcuil dano lais MT.

(3) issí dano, Wb. 19 b 12 . issed dano, Mon. Tall. 136. 13 et pass. cipé no, TBC-LL¹ 200 .

(4) (a) uait no, CRR § 7 . dóib no, TBC-LL¹ 3239 . (b) is samlid dano, Wb. 21 b 2 . etrunni dano, ib. 12 b 12 . forthusom no LL 172 b 48 . uaimse no, TBC-LL¹ 4305 .

(5) is annsin dano tanccatar, BDD 151. 7 . intan dano, ib. § 162 . on uair dano ronuc, Laws i 18. 11 .

(6) a forbi tra dano, Mon. Tall. 128. 7 .

(7) after a noun in all cases except the vocative: nom. in hilur dano asberr a rind hi roṡoithe, Sg. 73 a 11 . gabtha díberg dano la suide, BDD § 41 . Diarmait dano abb ĺa lais, Mon. Tall. 153. 17 . acc. nicodoes mír feolai dano, Mon. Tall. 129. 22 . gen. cend Ferchon Longsig no, LL 80 a 44 . bóisom ic fechadh a bhráthar no, TBC-LL¹ 3885 . dat. do díb lethaib no, LL 175 a 42 . da saigid no, TBC-LL¹ 4261 .

Dā, no (&c.) is a particle mainly employed in principal clauses, though both in Old- and Mid.-Ir. it also appears in secondary ones. Already in Old-Ir. often = didiu, trá. In Mid.-Ir. MSS the interchange between dā, dī, tra, and imorro is quite common; cf. Windisch's note IT Glossary 467 . dā, LL 316 b 28 = dī, BB 133 b 9 . Particularly common issed dī = issed dā, nó dī = nó dō.

I adv Also, further, in addition, besides, as well, too , as a further point or circumstance tending in the same direction. Often with 1 ocus, acus, íarum, íarom, íaram, iar tain, beus, olchena, opp. cétamus Mon. Tall. 136. 23 .

A In the apodosis or main clause, preceded by a subordinate clause expressing:

(a) comparison : amal gnís tra Críst in iustis...is samlid dā gniith demun in filiís defidentiae thus, too, worketh the Devil in f.d. Wb. 21 b 2 . amal as hiress ronóib Abracham nitat gnīma rechto issí dā robnóibsi it also has sanctified you ib. 19 b 12 . amal bete som i nimpudiu inna brithemnacte bemmini dano, ib. 9 c 10 . amal durígni inna gnímu sechmadachtai dugéna dā innahí tairngir hisa todochide, Ml. 50 d 10 . amal it dá lebur fichet it dí litir fichet dā, ib. 2 d 2 . Cf. ib. 69 b 3 . amal as messe dudaforsat inna dúli is me dā bæras mes firian foraib, ib. 94 b 7 . amal nách forcenn libuir...ní forcenn libuir dā, Hib. Min. 22. 6 . Cf. also: amal file oentid eter baullu coirp duini conroib óintu etrunni dā hore ammi corp Críst, Wb. 12 b 12 .

(b) condition : acht robæ quies et tranquilitas regibus bieid dā dúnni a ndede sin, Wb. 28 a 23 . dóecastar i mbí hinun folud bís indib ┐ a cétnide. mad inun is óinrann dā if it be the same it is also one part (of speech), Sg. 188 a 6 . madh tochus cin innrucus nama ┐ maith do dénum de as letheineclund dono beos, Laws i 54. 3 f.b. Cf. also Wb. 14 d 24 : intí dia ndílgidsi dalugubsa dā, where a relative clause takes the place of a conditional one.

(c) time : o adcuaid...a ndorigeni Dia airriu de maid asbeir iarum dā arandathidisom di maith, Wb. 21 d 11 . ho imrordai nech didiu isind [ḟ]recdairc...in tairsitiu adchí dolbthai dā iarum he also afterwards feigns it PCr. 64 a 1 .

(d) cause or reason : hore...adib cretmich infectsa cretmech dā for cland, Wb. 10 a 6 . huare techtas nerta is cóir dā iarum cobsaide oc díten a muntairai, Ml. 85 a 4 .

(e) concession : v. V (a).

B In principal clauses repeating the verb of the preceding clause, with or without `ocus'; also, again . Type: dorochair Laimidon...dorochratar dā forgla ríg ┐ taísech na Troiana, Aen. 18 .

(a) cop.: ishé som doradchiúir ┐ ishé dā as taidcricc it is he also that is the ransom Wb. 2 b 9 . ished ón immurgu as fír et is fír dā esséirge omnium post sé , ib. 13 b 23 . is oc frecur céill dæ atáa (sc. mo chland) is occa dā attósa, ib. 29 d 6 . ropo do Dáil Chonchobair dosom ┐ rop ed dā do máthair Brigte, Thes. ii 325. 4 . is misiu ém dorat...is me dō rothairmisc, TE § 13 Eg. ropa cridiscél dam cédamus ...ropo cridiscél dam dā...┐..., Mon. Tall. 136. 23 . ba hamnus muirn na curud...amnus d an tarneuch ruboi and, RC xii 98. 17 ; cf. Ériu v 238. 5 . conid desin...is de dno hence also RC xii 106 § 162 . indligid don fechemain apad... indligid dō don bidbaid a élod sum im dliged, Laws i 114. 20 . isé rothomais ótha esca co gréin...isé dō rothomais, &c. , ib. 28. 11 , 14 .

(b) subst. verb: cach genitiu dichoisin ataat indib in dí chéill se sís. atá dā hi `sui,', Sg. 209 b 29 . bátar Ulaid oc ól i taig F....bái dā ben ind F. oc airiuc don tṡluag, IT i 67. l. 3 . atá...atá dā, RC xiii 458 § 56 . ar atát foruis...atá dō forus, Laws ii 128. 19 . dáig atát na .uii. Mani...┐ atúsa com thegluch no, TBC-LL¹ 437 . atá limsa for M. buaid cluaisse. ata limsa dā for M. A. buaid rodeirc, BDD § 48 .

(c) other verbs: ut Paulus ait...ocus asbeir daniu ind apostol, Cambr. 37d . rohucad airechas inna Rómæ co Constantinopoil. rucad dā a ainmm, Sg. 174 a 1 . Cf. ib. 73 a 12 (in hilur dā = is in h.d). rodelb iartin dluma in talman...rodelb dō na hocht ngaetha...rodelb dona datha na ngaeth, Laws i 26. 27 , 30 ; 28. 5 . dorimchell (v.l. rothairmcheall) rígusciu Hérend ria matain...toróchell (v.l. dorarmchell) dā prímlocha Hérend r.m. before morning he had also travelled to the chief lakes of Erin BDD § 155 ; ib. § 95 . tarlaic...dosléicimse dā, IT i 101. 16 . sadais ind snáthaid fo thrí inda dernaind co toltnadar na trí srotha folæ asind láim...saididsiom dā ind snáthat...co tultatar dā, &c. , he thrusts again the needle into her hand Mon. Tall. 149. 26 . dorad M. ocht fichtiu bo don Choimdhigh. dorat dā baile ic Drochat Átha, AU ii 130. 8 ; cf. also 130. 6 . asbert... asbert dā, RC xi 450. 130 . dogníth side na harma...dogníth dō L. soer na crondo...dugníth dno C. cerd na semonn, RC xii 92. 1 f.b. , 94. 4 . ícais an gilde den indel cétnæ...ícais d an gille d.i.c., ib. 68. 7 . focres forrai dno dus &c....focres forra d dus..., ib. 72 § 44 . dorochratar a trí comlín leo ┐ torchratar no muinter F., LL 91 a 54 . issed atberat som ...asberat dā, ib. 125 b = Ériu v 212. 2 . is amlaid tánic som...is amlaid tánic in Mane Andoe no, TBC-LL¹ 2826 . atbert cend cach ḟir díb bara lííc ┐ atbert cend Ferchon Longsig no bar lííc, ib. 2914 . táncatar rempo...et tánic no Fiacho, ib. 2948 . rachúaid dóib...dachuaid dóib no, &c. , ib. 3239 . Cf. also ib. 4299 - 4322 ; 2911 . atraacht C....atraacht trian slóig Ulad laisium no, CRR § 34 1. 2 ; ib. § 9 (rogniad... daronait dā). adorcradar som ┐ torcramar dō and we too are fallen Acall. 3174 . Cf. ib. 3399 (dō). roíarfacht didiu di araile cidh dorala dó...roḟiarfacht dā dḟir aile in cétna, Cóir Anm. p. 320. 6 f.b. genfidh ón ḟir sin ┐ ót ingin siu rígradh na hEtaile ┐ genfidh dō uaidib airdrigh na huili domun, Aen. 1519 . dochoncadar arna rindad fuath na Trai. rorindad and dō dealb in chatha...┐ rorindad ind dō amal rochathaig P., ib. 312 ; further exx. 256 . 326 . 477 . 568 . 1780 . gaeth mór...rothrasccair railghi. rothrasccair doná sé fichit crann i nDoire C. C., AFM iii 38. 10 . AU ii 192. 8 (dō).

C In principal clauses introducing a new predicate with or without `ocus.'

(a) the sentence introduces an additional action or condition of the subject of the preceding clause, the subjects being the same: robtar erdarcu de dind ulc doratad forro leusom ┐ roptar inducbaidiu de dā apud Deum, Ml. 47 a 17 . dobir cros dit sailiu for óchtar do chinn ┐ dogní a tóirand sa dā .U. fort chiunn, Thes. ii 249. 4 . rochúm [Día] in firmaimint imacuairt uime (sc. in talam)...rodelb dō iartin dluma in talman, Laws i 26. 25 . in mét dona fuil ó thalmain coruice suide (sc. in firmamint) issed dono fuil ó thalmain sís co fudomain ifirn, ib. i 28. 18 . rofiarfaig iarum don corrguinech dús cia cumang gonanacair... imcomaircidh dno den deogbori..., RC xii 82. 1 . Amenicán imráidim ┐ dno cóin innláidim, ACL iii 2. 3 .

(b) dā introducing a new subject and a new verb. The sense of dā becomes more emphatic, the statement being strongly marked as additional to what has been said before: further, besides, moreover . cum manu sapere plena fuerit .i. no rapere fit in aliis libris ┐ is manus dā bís indib, Ml. 36 b 2 . inna aithissi dombeirtis som fornni batir athissi dā daitsiu a Dæ, ib. 90 d 17 ; ib. 40 a 15 . dagnítis dā int Ṡabindai aní sin, Sg. 28 a 10 . sed etiam in accentibus, gl. biid dā comaitecht ceneuil do chenéul i naiccendaib, ib. 75 a 7 . is and ba hadaig for feraib Uloth. feraid snechtae már foroib dā (dno LU) CCC § 2 , ib. § 31. 4 . ní déntar ceth crosfigill...etar dí nodlaic. mathid som (i.e. Maelruain) dā and salmu aurnaigthe do chetal, Mon. Tall. 138. 26 . canir dā biad fri aitherruch aidchi lúoin. cantir dā salm aurnaigthi aidchi ndomnaich...fogní dā ailli mési laissom (i.e. Maelrúain) aidchi lúoin, ib. 131. 6 - 9 . is ferr laisiom dā he thinks it better, moreover ib. 161. 29 . is ferr dā lais, ib. 147. 27 ; similarly: is aurchail lais dā, 164. 14 . ni haurch. d.l. 143. 18 ; 161. 26 ; cf. also the common phrases issed dā is chóir (is maith, is dóig) la (or issed i. c. lais dā), ib. 134. 11 , 16 ; 148. 8 ; 161. 21 . Other exx. 136. 13 ; 143. 2 , 3 ; 161. 13 .— fochairt iarom for tech nand ... imarnic dō fri oclaig naile, RC xi 4461. 50 . birt roth leis ond óclaich... dobert dono uball dó, ib. 4461. 55 . ar ba fáith si dā she was also a prophetess ib. 4481. 81 . inor aodhar imbe ised dē uchtlebar, ib. xii 86 § 93 ; cf. 72. 19 . ronaisceatar fomoraig a cíos for Érinn...dobretha d na trénfiræ a foghnam dou, ib. 64. 1 . ┐ atrubairt dā in fer cétna riss and moreover the same man said BDD p. 152 . dorónsat baindea muiridhi dia longaib ┐ roiadh dō mórṡluagh na R. do leith tíri, Aen. 2348 . dorala dō olc ele and moreover, another evil happened, ib. 484 . loisccthear Slicceach leo. romarbad dana mac Corbmaic, AFM iii 362. 9 . tucsat ár for gallaibh...domilltea dō Laigin leo, AU ii 164. 7 ; 130. 8 .

D Often in the sense of `too' (`also') immediately after nouns and pronouns (or emphasising particles): domini, quod iustum est seruis praestáte...et uos dominum habetis in caelo .i. abi moga si dā atá for coimdiu i nnim ye, too, are servants Wb. 27 c 17 . cid sisi dā ronfitid ni, 15 c 28 . si totum corpus oculus, ubi auditus, gl. bid corp són dā that, too, will be body, 12 a 27 , cf. són dā, 18 d 2 , 25 c 11 . duber som ainm fíno dun pláig duber[r] for nech ( 77 d 3 )... duber ainm fína dusuidiu dā he gives the name of wine to that too Ml. 77 d 4 . uetustissimi...`plerus plera plerum' (solebant proferre), gl. robói són dā leo this, too, they had Sg. 75 b 4 . ruc som fuil ṁbic uaimse no from me, too TBC-LL¹ 4305 , 4318 (nó). corocherddainse no mo búraig ferge that I too may LL 176 b 26 ( CRR § 41. 4 ). dober comermitin féid fris fessin ┐ fri deacht maic dā do dóinacht mac, Ml. 127 d 10 - 11 . cum Clemente .i. dalte Petir. rachomalnastar sede dā he, too, had fulfilled it Wb. 24 a 37 . Conchobar dā (v.l. dō) hissuidiu inna charput...eirrid Uloth olchenae inna carptib...Bricriu dā (v.l. dō) leo, CCC § 1 . birt macc. laír dā (v.l. dō) bói i ndorus in tige trogais dá lurchuire, ib. § 3 . in pendit...a dénam doa macc accus a sétig dā do pennait that his wife also should do penance Mon. Tall. 163. 18 . Diarmait dā lais, ib. 153. 17 . atá i rriagailib ailibh dā cosmailius fitta in other rules also, 156. 17 ; 138. 36 ; 151. 6 . gid iat Greic nomtairsidh romuirfidis me. Troianaig dō ad buidin bidbudh dam the Trojans, too, are a multitude hostile to me Aen. 458 . —In phrases like the following: isin chath sin dno robenad a láṁ de Nuadaid, RC xii 58 § 11 , the particle goes with the preceding noun (pronoun) and may be rendered by same. bói cath for Scathaig isind aimsir sin dō fri tuathu eile at that time also, at that same time ib. xi 448. 4 f.b. is inntisin dō táinic hEoan in that same year AU ii 192. 10 . sluaghadh la M...┐ is foran sluaghadh sin dā romarbadh hua hInneirghi, ib. 128. 9 . isin bliadain sin dō táinic mórgaith adhbuil, ib. 192. 5 . is annsin dā tánccatar dá prímmucaid Eterxel fón doiri at the same time BDD p. 151. 7 . —Compare also Wb. 6 b 25 : omnes enim stabimus ante tribunal Dei, gl. aratá brithem and cenutsu .i. deus. ishé side dā as éola and, where dā seems to emphasise the reference to Deus.

E Often in enumerations without a verb; espec. in the Laws and in the Annals (to introduce a new entry). cethruimi fair ar sellcecht...cethruime dona...cethruimi dono, Laws i 242. 12 . lethchumul dno ó fethemuin... lethchumul dno ó bidbuid...cumul dno...┐ cumul dno..., ib. i 220. 8 - 16 . impudh Uladh dā for Ua L....crech dō leo for Uib Bresail, AU ii 146. 17 . crech la Nial...crech eile dō, ib. i 582. 13 . maidm for Connachta ria feraibh Breifne. maidm dana re Connachta for f. B., ib. i 520. 14 . sloghadh la M...sloghad dā la D., ii 82. 4 ; 88. 18 ; 128. 12 ; 186. 21 . ithé mo thrí indroscc. giallnai do Scathaig...muinterus dā frimsa dadaich, &c. , RC xi 450 l. 127 . FB § 28 . Cf. the 12 times repeated `cia cléirech dā' BColm. 102. 15 - 103. 11 .

F ní (ná, nách)...dano nor...either, like Germ. `auch nicht.' ní lour in bendachad...ní lour dano in nebmaldachad auch geniigt nicht nicht zu fluchen Wb. 5 d 23 . ar ní cumuing side dā imfogbaidetid ná lánamnas manip tol apud mulierem, 9 d 18 . nihil enim intulimus in hunc mundum, haud dubium quod nec auferre quid possimus .i. ní béram ass dā, 29 b 15 . et uos, domini, eadem facite illís .i. nachiberpid si dā ibar cumachtu, 22 d 6 ; cf. 3 a 14 , 9 d 5 . amal nad frescat bás inna cethrai ní bí dā cida fresciso in báis etir lasna dóini so, Ml. 69 b 3 . ní díltai dā (sc. Priscianus) in cétbuid nísin leugnet auch nicht Sg. 201 b 10 . Compare RC xii 68 § 36 . Mon. Tall. 129. 22 ; 131. 22 ; 143. 15 ; 145. 19 ; 160. 4 .

G nó dano, nó dono, nó dno ( BB 323 b 7 . Laws i 112. 1 ), nó no ( BB 35 b 7 ) = emphasised nó, often interchanging with simple `nó.' or, or else . Synon. nó didiu, Fél. 2. 13 . PH 7082 . nach dú immurgu inimfogni fri foxlid nó fritobarthid dā wherever it is construed with the ablative or dative Ml. 27 c 10 . nó dō (v.l. nó itá i.e. ita), ACL iii 293. 16 . Very common in the Laws to introduce a new and different opinion. dogabar eneclann do neoch a dualgus a dhána...┐ nocha faghbar a dualgus a chinn...nó dō go fathar eneclann dó a dualgus a dhána ┐ in chinn aga nderna uirrned, Laws i 62. 2 f.b. senchus dō a `sen' fil ann is ónní as senex atá...nó dō a `sen' fil ann is ónní is sensus, ib. 34. 28 ; ib. 36. 2 ; 40. 7 ; 68. 5 f.b. ; 96. 17 : 106. 35 ; 108. 5 ; 112. 1 ; 128. 17 ; 130. 7 f.b. ; 188. 7 ; 228. 9 ; 250. 4 (no dō cena); 274. 1 ; 296. 1 ; ii 22. 18 ; iv 8. 10 ; 12. 20 ; 256. 8 f.b. — Aedh Uaridnach .i. uara idna tigdís dó...nó A. Fúaridhnach...nó dā uara tigdís dó, Cóir Anm. § 121 ; ib. § 142 et pass. PH 5719. 5720 . 5654 (dō).

H ocus dano and moreover: rupu accubur leu etergne mu chumachti ┐ rusmbói dā, Wb. 33 a 11 . ocus dō fon cóir cétna cidh adultrus dogneth, Laws i 56. 8 f.b. ┐ dano or si, LU 9052 . aile dano: ainm naild dō din tibroid sin Loch Luibe, RC xii 96 § 126 . Imroll aile B. E. ainm aile do no, TBC-LL¹ 2835 .

I amlaid dano thus, thus also : is samlid dā, Wb. 12 c 46 . pronomen hi foirciunn indib. robu samlid dā robói `modi huius ' hi tosuch, Sg. 203 b 5 . is amlaid dō doroimsi in ferta, ACL iii 30 § 83 . sic dō, Laws i 114. 28 ; ii 244. 14 .

Jin secondary clauses: is torbach du popul flaith firian leu .i. amal as ṁmaith dund flaith fessin dā, Ml. 90 b 11 . adcondairc...nombíth forcleith leo dā for tabairt a coibsen, Mon. Tall. 135. 19 . curo ícuit in cin dō, Laws i 60. 11 , &c. madeadh asbersa...madead asber dono , ib. i 8. 1 .

II Therefore, then, accordingly, itaque, et ita, igitur — both in principal and secondary clauses, drawing a conclusion from what has been said before. By the Irish themselves translated by ergo, igitur, ita (locus ergo, locus igitur, sic igitur, no ita ( ACL iii 293. 16 ) = loc dā, amlaid dā, nó dā). Common in the Glosses, esp. with imperative and in prohibitions, but rare in all Mid.-Ir. MSS.—

(a) si autem spiritu facta carnis mortificaueritis uiuetis, gl. ní bo líach dā a marbad killing them therefore were not regrettable Wb. 4 a 12 . is irlam ind anim do thuil Dée. todiusgadar dana ind anim do dénum maith let the soul, then, be roused to do good ib. 5 c 18 . similiter et uir sui corporis non habet potestatem sed mulier, gl. nách móided dā in fer infechtso hi cumachtu, 9 d 18 . do óis anfoirbthiu tra asrobrad insin. ná bad anfoirbthi si dā arnáp, &c., be ye not imperfect, then, lest, 12 d 26 . ní derlaichta a pecdæ doib acht duratad dígal forru. cenotad maic si raith dā ma imroimsid ní dílgibther duib, 33 b 8 . Further exx. from Wb.: 9 b 10 . 11 b 4 . 13 a 4 . 15 a 5 . 19 d 21 . 28 b 17 . —interrogemus igitur: imchomarcam dā, Ml. 18 a 1 .— vetustissimi tamen et `altera utra' et alterum utrum' solebant proferre, gl. daeltais dā foa dá nóg inna genitin they used to decline it then according to its two integrals in its genitive Sg. 75 b 3 . Setum pro Zethum, gl. biid dā sethvs pro z. Sethus then is for Z. ib. 184 a 1 . derbaid cenél dā i suidib aní remitatét what precedes them, then, certifies the gender in them, 197 b 5 . Cf. further 38 b 8 .— ní diṅgne su mo lessa afechtsa. is ferr let in fer ucut toenur. biat marb so dā (v.l. dna) limsa, RC xiii 377. 8 .

(b) in a weakened sense utpote, nempe, nimirum; videlicet; namely, to wit, that is to say, introducing an explanation or conclusion, like German `nämlich.' non enim per legem promisio facta est Abrachae aut semeni eius ut heres esset mundi sed per iustitiam fidei, gl. .i. dorairngred dā rombad oirdnide a chland ut `in semine tuo rl.' ( Gen. xxii 18 ) it had been foretold, then, that his children would be distinguished Wb. 2 c 12 . ut et ipsi misericordiam consequantur, gl. bid misericordia dano dodaessarsom nípa meritum intan creitfite it will be misericordia then that will save them when they shall believe: it will not be m. ib. 5 c 12 . Dei aedificatio estis secundum gratiam Dei quae data est mihi, gl. Pelagius: non secundum meam uirtutem .i. is per gratiam cotofutaincsi dā it is p. g. that he upbuilds you then, 8 c 16 . Dei et adorent eum omnes angili .i. it les dano indaingil, 32 c 2 . dico...quod idolum sit aliquid? .i. ní ní dā in tídol the idol, then, is not anything, 11 b 11 . Further instances: 10 b 19 . 12 d 12 . 12 d 21 (in secondary clause: arna tomontis dā). 13 a 30 . 16 d 3 (?). 25 a 29 . 27 c 34 . 29 a 28 . 29 d 1 .

Here also Laws i 74. 9 f.b. : in uime rocuiris tech andso ara tabhairt uait fecht naill? in uainn tucadh dō ar sé was it from us, then, it was taken? and Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 26. 3 : ticed Celtchar da tír ar Ulaid. ticed dā ar Conchobar let him come then.

III Very common in progressive description or narrative, indicating temporal and logical sequence: then, accordingly, so, upon which, thereupon, now . This usage arose from I, the original sense ` further, again ' being still perceptible.

(a) type: perge ad Columbam. dochóid ón dā `go to Columba' (said Satan). So he went Mon. Tall. 154. 17 . ercc co Comgald co ruccæ breith fort. dochóid som ón dā, ib. 154. 9 . fó duit cia nocotailtea. lasodain dona luig Fergus ina charpat ┐ contuil `it would be well for you to take a sleep.' So Fergus went into his chariot and slept, Laws i 72. 22 . telcar (sic leg.) issin tech hí. tánicc si dā issin tech, BDD p. 155. 9 . rotficbam co port i mbia innocht...dotaet dā reompa (v.l. téit iarom), ib. § 40 Eg. raráidsetar fir Hērend ri Tamun étgud Ailella do gabáil immi...ragabastarsom no étgud nAilella immi, TBC-LL¹ 2839 ( LL 79 b 30 ). raráidset...ri Mac Roth techta go Slíab Ḟúait...táinic Mac Roth reme no go S.F., ib. 4241 . asmbert Domnall nadmbai fóisitiu forcoitil Conculaind conrissed Scathaig bói fri hAlpai anair. nalotar dā...tar Alpai RC xi 444 l. 34 . asbert fris búi glend már ara chind. oentsét coel tairis...luid dō in sét sin nísin, ib. 446 l. 60 . Cf. also: rofaoidh días do thaisccéladh forna slóghaibh... dochódar sidhe dni (sic) go mbattar i ttréchumaiscc na slógh, AFM v 1552. 1 f.b.

(b) indicating progression in general. dothaet Conaire do saigid a harm...┐ gabaid glés nimberta a arm forsna díberga...tofuitet dā sé chét lais, BDD § 143 . bátar trí ríg ...oca urnaide seom...conacces som dō rout forsa mbátar then he was seen ib. § 14 . dolluid (sc. Derbforgaill) anair irricht dá géise ┐ a hinailt co mbátar for Loch Cuan. amail robói dā Cuchulainn ┐ Lugaid laa and conaccatar na heonu, Ériu v 208. 3 . dosrat a sním mór slóig na nG. umman ní sin ┐ rotimairgit dā maithi na nG. cusan rí imon caingin sin, ib. 146. 6 . dorragab som iarum ind praind iterum. robói si dā for suidiu co cend mbliadna Mon. Tall. 149. 24 , 29 . rucad iarum do muliund Ratha Cathair fa dí ┐ foremthes a bleith and...dochuaid dā timthirid Brigdi in tres fecht then B.'s servant went a third time Thes. ii 335. 33 . scaraid dā Bricriu friu iar sodain FB § 11 . ó dochóid tar Alpi ba brónach do díth a choiceli anais dana desuidiu ó roairigestar, RC xi 444. 1 f.b. ib. 444. 1 . TBC-LL¹ 2298 . dochótar immurro uile iarsin co Telaig hUa nD. co ndernsatar ossad mbliadna ┐ fir Muman. dodeochaid dō Domnall ar fut Connacht dia thig whereupon D. went home AU ii 90.23 . táinic Murchad cu nUlltaib cucu ┐ tucsat taelcad doib. romebaid dō for Gallaib, AU i 192. 15 ; 138. 18 , 19 .

(c) introducing a new event or indicating transition to an entirely new subject: now, now as to, as for . as ar chenél cruche adrímther in coicsath. filus trechenélae martre daneu adrímiter ar chruich now there are, &c., Cambr. 38a . ib. 38b . ba cara do Patraic hé (sc. Dubthach) ...luid dā Patraic fecht co tech in Dubthaig sin now P. once went to that D.'s house Thes. ii 307. 9 . nó is Brenainn dorigne in nimmun sa...locus ergo mare tempus uero Diarmata. tánic dā B. co Brigit now B. came to Brigit ib. 324. 21 . ib. 324. 1 . intan dā robói Macc Cecht fora áltaib isind ármaig conaccai in mnái sechae now when M. C. was lying wounded on the battlefield BDD § 162 (the preceding four paragraphs do not deal with M. C.). ib. § 163 , §165 . RC xii 108. 1 . cid Tuath Dei Dononn d derochratar go már isin chath now as for the T. D. D. they lost many men in the battle ib. 58 § 12 ; ib. 66 § 3 ; 74 § 53 ; 108. 1 ; 82. 1 f.b. ; 92 § 123 ; 72 § 44 ; 100. 1 ; 104 § 149 ; 102. 11 . isé dō cétní rotheip Dia asin maisi .i. in talam now the first thing which God separated from the mass was the earth Laws i 26. 22 (at the head of a new paragraph). dia té dō bidbuid i ndeaguid a athgabála tar crích now if the defendant, &c., ib. i 220. 19 . ib. 18. 11 ; 28. 23 . In the following exx. from the MT dā stands at the beginning of an entirely new passage: mad doairle sale dā ind láim oc praind imberar usci leosom iarum now if spittle falls on a man's hand, 142. 14 . intí dā arbir bith oss nallaid...non manducat, &c. , as to him that eats the flesh of a wild deer, he must not eat (any other flesh until the Easter following), 146. 8 ; ib. 128. 1 , 7 ; 156. 23 ; 160. 15 ; 162. 8 . Very common is the following type: teclaim ubald dā dia domnaich...ní fogni leusom now as to gathering of apples on a Sunday, it is not allowed amongst them ib. 145. 17 . gille dā nó timtirid ní hécen aithrigi di suidiu as for a servant, 142. 1 . aos tróg dā nád ebat amail cách now as to invalids, 147. 19 ; so also 153. 3 ; 161. 1 ; 162. 1 . Mane Mathramail dā .iv. fichit déc fo churp a ndíbergae as for M. M. BDD § 42 . filedha dana robátar isin indsi si...nicon bíth lóg enech la cach fer díb noberedh gubreth now as to the poets, not a man of them had honourprice who passed false judgment Laws i 24. 28 . in file dō cunnuid forcruid duaisi...as a letheineclunn dígbus uime, ib. 58. 17 ; cf. ib. 62. 11 f.b. ; 30. 14 ; 22. 11 ; iv 50. 1 ; v 368. 9 .—Cf. also: araile ancarae robui hi Cluaoin maic Naois...hé dā hi luibri galar now he was infirm with disease Mon. Tall. 155. 5 . slógad la Domnall i nUlltaib. Ulaid dō i Craib telcha i llongport, AU ii 62. 8 . Here also the common phrase loc dā as to the place (of the hymn), it was: loc dno Duma ṅGobla, Thes. ii 308. 5 , by the Irish themselves rendered by `locus ergo (igitur),' ib. 324. 20 .

IV In commentaries, glosses, or explanatory notes repeating the word or phrase which is to be commented on. Syn. tra, didiu ( Cóir Anm. § 225 , 226 ; RC xi 442. 18 ; BColm. § 6 ). ┐ Raith Guthaird a loc, comm.: Raith Guthaird dō is airi atberur as to R. G. it is so called &c., Laws i 2. 8 . senchus dō a `sen' fil ann is ónní as senex atá...nó dō is óní is sensus ciall, ib. 34. 26 . Colmán macc Daráne. Colmán mac Daríne dō .i. siur máthar do Cholmán Dairíne, Fél. p. 172. 31 . Mo Senoc Mughna dā .i. M. darbile mór, &c. , ib. 258. 15 . Luighith dna .i. Hith robo lughu na athair, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 2. 1 . Daire Fine dā .i. duar ḟine, Cóir Anm. § 68 . Also in parenthetic remarks: Fiacc Sleibte dorónai in nimun sa do Patraic. in Fiac sin dā mac eside meic Ercha now that F. was son of Mac E. Thes. ii 307. 2 . Cf. BDD p. 153. 16 . RC xii 108 § 163 . BB 318 b 34 .

V However ,

(a) in concluding sentences after a preceding concessive secondary clause. Syn. camaiph. cia fudama in firián ní du imnedaib hisin biuth frecndairc sóirfithir dā in céin naili dā (one dā is superfluous, but both positions are allowed) he shall, however, be delivered the other time Ml. 68 d 14 . ciasu du Duaid adfiadar isin titul immeairc són dā Ezechiæ though it is to D. that it is ascribed in the title, it is suitable, however, to E. ib. 72 d 9 . With camaiph: ciasidruburt frit tuas `alter utra'...robói camaiph la arsaidi `altera utra,' Sg. 75 b 2 .

(b) however, but ; the addition introduced by dā is opposed to what precedes: intan conucbad in nél nobíth immun aírc migrabant filii Israhel hisuidiu. intan dā nunanad in nél hísin nogaibtis som dúnad hisuidiu when, however, that cloud used to rest Ml. 83 a 4 . aimrit imorro Dairíne clannmar dō Sanct a siur but her sister S. was prolific Fél. p. 172 § 31 . co fil in firmamint na trénbrat gemnaide im talmain co trí nimib ┐ co trí nime impi. in .vii.mad imorro rocertad i trí nimib. ní hé dō sin sosad aingel this last, however, is not the habitation of the angels Laws i 30. 2 . benaid M. C. a chend dond ala fir ...robói dā infer aile oc élúd ass the other man, however, was fleeing forth, BDD § 157 . issed as cóir...arnáchad-fercaigthersu (sc. frit gilla). manatfercaichther frit gilla dā if, however, you are angry with your servant Mon. Tall. 142. 9 . mani chaithea dā feoil if, however, he does not eat flesh ib. 146. 14 ; ib. 159. 38 . bói N. oga uothras ┐ dobreth láim nargait foair lioa D.; nír uo maith d liaa mac sium this, however, did not please his son RC xii 66. 4 f.b. táinic hEoan cona ritirib co Machaire Conaille co ndernsat airgthi ann. táinic dō Murchadh hua C. cucu but M. came up with them AU ii 192. 12 (v.l. táinic imurro); similarly ib. 192. 17 . Same usage AFM iii 40. 6 ; táinic Iohn...do orccain Dál A. tucc doná C. deabhaidh dosoṁ but C. gave battle to him; 34. 3 (doná); 34. 14 (doná); 110. 3 f.b. (dna); 118. 1 (dna).

VI In a weakened sense with interrogatives. ut quid autem...pro impis mortus est, gl. ar cia dono, Wb. 2 d 10 . aut in nomine Pauli babtizati estis? gl. cepu dono adrad dæ do thabirt do Pool in chruth sin, ib. 7 d 16 . omnia enim uestra sunt, gl. ce dono rigne occo. it lib huili, ib. 8 d 15 . cid dā dotbératsu chucci, ScM. § 16 . ní fritsa oI sí rodálusa itir. cid tu dana icim dáil why then TE § 13 Eg. ut est `ar is fo gnímaib midither Dia for duine' cid dono arnáb fo gnímaib no mesemnaighther duine for araile for innus sin, Laws i 48. 24 , cf. ib. 54. 3 f.b. —After concessive cia, cid (like Ger. `auch' in `wer auch komme, was auch erfolge'): cia focherta dā a srúb ar gesce folilsad, BDD § 38 . cipé no ná tic ticfasu fessin, TBC-LL¹ 200 . acht ciat-beram ni andso no tæit nech dḟarcsin maigi Mide, ib. 5018 . gid ed dō but nevertheless Aen. 413 .

VII Various usages.

(a) rofetarsa is foirbthe do hires so. ba toich deit dā ar ba foirbthe hires do máthar, Wb. 29 d 3 . ní fil amain tra Bresi ol sé. ba fír ón dno ní bói acht meth foairi sim ond uair sin, RC xii 70. 14 .

(b) even ? tamquam famulus, gl. rubu fer som muintire maith dā dul humal he had been a man of the household. Good is even (also) a humble position, Wb. 33 a 5 .

(c) aṅgo dā is deithbir daitsiu a Ingceoil, BDD § 80 ; ib. § 90 (twice), § 102 h ; angó dā, § 105 .

(d) intan imorro rofuidi Feinius a dá deiscipul sechtmoget do foglum na nilbérla fon doman Cae dna isé rosiacht co Eigipt, Laws i 20. 7 . I have no further examples of this usage.

dedaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dedaid or dil.ie/14975

Forms: -deda, dedait, dedas, notedmais, nodedais, nundedais, dedussa, -ded, -dedsat, conrodeda, con-deda

ā, a primary reduplicated verb † di-dā-ti, belonging to the Oir. period only. For etymology v. Strachan KZ xxxiii 207 . Zupitza, ib. xxxvii 388 .—pr. ind. 3 sg. -deda, Ml. 22 d 7 . 118 b 2 . 3 pl. dedait (transl. a future), 79 b 10 . subj. 3 sg. dedas, 104 d 1 . impf. ind. 1 pl. notedmais (sic), 131 c 4 . 3 pl. nodedais, 102 d 14 . subj. 3 pl. nundedais, 83 b 3 . s-pret. 1 sg. dedussa, 44 d 10 . 50 b 13 . 3 sg. -ded, 111 b 12 . 3 pl. -dedsat, 22 d 6 .—conrodeda (contabuit), Ml. 118 b 2 , seems an imitation of the Latin; v. con-deda.

I Melts away, decays, wastes . Translating Lat. tabescere, contabescere, tabefieri, evanescere.

(a) of things: of the flesh on the bones : horudeda ind feúil forsnaib cnámaib, Ml. 22 d 7 . tabefactae carnes .i. horudedsat, 22 d 6 .

(b) of persons: tabescere . . . macie .i. dedas, ib. 104 d 1 . tabescere (like the wax before the fire), gl. cid nundedais, 83 b 3 . uani erunt et euanescent, gl. ┐ dedait, 79 b 10 . maerore contabui .i. rodedussa, 44 d 10 . desiderio tabescebamus, gl. notedmais, 131 c 4 . miseria tabefactus sum .i. rodedussa, 50 b 3 .

(c) of life : uita nostra salutis disperatione contabuit .i. roded, ib. 111 b 12 . contabuit, gl. conrodeda, 118 b 2 .

II Becomes weary, exhausted , transl. Lat. fatiscere, Synon. with scíthaigidir: et manus iugi opere fatiscebant .i. nodedais .i. noscithaigtis ón, ib. 102 d 14 .—Cf. con-deda.

do-fed

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-fed or dil.ie/17626
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: do-feid, dofaith, , dafáid, dofed, dofeid, dofet, tofet, dodaféit, to-n-fethi, dofedat, difedat, dofeghar, to-n-feid, ta-feid, -tuid, da-féta, tóided, dafétar, dus-feded, do-d-fetis, do-n-fé, dud-fessed, túissed, dofessind, dofaid, dut-fidedar, duda-ruid, doruided

v According to Baumgarten, Ériu xxxiv 190 , the citations here belong to two separate verbs: 1 do-feid (< di-fed-) leads, escorts (from one point to another); leads to; brings about , for which see the examples under (a), (c) and (d), and 2 do-feid (< to-fed-) takes precedence over, for which see the examples under (b). Also do-feid brings, leads . In pret. and perf. this vb. is easily confused with do-foídi sends and do-feth (*to-feth-, *to-fo-eth); the 3 s. pret. dofaith, Hy. ii 39.47 is by Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 514 referred to *to-fo-eth-, but by editors of Thes. treated as a trans. vb. (reading dafáith , dafáid).

Indic. pres. 1 s. dofed (-fet, v.l.), Imr. Brain § 3 . 3 s. dofeid, -fed, -fet, Laws i 112.14 , iv 70.1 . dofet, Críth G. 387 . tofet, 314 . dodaféit, Ériu i 215.30 . ? to-n-fethi `it brings to us', Hib. Min. p. 41 . 3 pl. dofedat, ZCP ix 488.18 = difedat, Anecd. v 29 (?). dofedhat, Laws iv 268 . Pass. dofeghar, Ériu xiii 25.30 , 26.5 . Ipv. 2 s. to-n-feid, Hib. Min. p. 39 . ta-feid, RC xi 446.65 . -tuid (disyll.), TBC-I¹ 234 . Possibly also da-féta, Ériu vii 221 § 17 . 3 s. tóided, Fél. Jan. 1(?) . ? Pass. dafétar, Ériu vii 221 § 18 . Impf. 3 s. dus-feded, Ml. 97c5 , cf. 100b17 . 3 pl. do-d-fetis, Hy. ii 13 . Subj. pres. 3 s. do-n-fé, Hy. iv 2 , i 1 . Cf. donfae .i. donfuga, O'Curry 1893 ( H 3.18 667 ). Impf. 3 s. dud-fessed, Ml. 78b14 . manus túissed , Ériu xvi 182 § 28 . Condit. 1 s. dofessind, RC xxv 226.2 (but see Celtica xviii 31 ). Pret. and perf. 3 s. dofaid, Hy. ii 8 (corr. dafáid, Thes. ii). 3 pl. dut-fidedar, Thes. ii 242.13 ( Ardm. 18b1 ). duda-ruid, Ml. 63b12 . Pass. perf. doruided, BDD § 90 . Vn. (of 1 do-feid) 3 díden.

(a) leads, brings: amal bid nach toisech corpthae dudfessed gl. tamquam itineris dux, Ml. 78b14 . dofeid fiana . . . macc Labrado leads war-like hosts, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 22 § 1 . cróib dind abaill a hEmain dofed I bring, Imr. Brain § 3 . Columb Cille coinneal tóidhius teóra reachta, ZCP viii 197 (perh. rather who illumines, see taídid). tonfeid, a Christ lead us, Hib. Min. p. 39 . tafeid im tolc-sai bring him to my couch, RC xi 446 = tofeid, ZCP iii 251.4 . dochum nErenn dodfetis (.i. dobertis) aingil De, Hy. ii 13 . Brigit . . . donfé don bithflaith, iv 2 . donfe .i. donfuca, Lec. Gl. 59 , Stowe Gl. 307 . as nert Dǽ dudaruid-som du cech imniud, Ml. 63b12 . dofaid (leg. dafáid) tar Elpa huile, Hy. ii 9 (glossed .i. rofaidestar Victor Patraic, T, rofaid no rofuc, F). tomraid in Coimdi co tuatha Gente do precept doib, Ériu ii 102 § 9 (possibly = tomr-óid from do-foídi). ? dofedhar fír a fortaib flatha .i. dofairgiter conad laisna fírflathaib fortach fora memradh, O'Curry 458 ( H 3.18 243b ).

(b) Trans. and intrans. goes before, takes precedence of (esp. in legal texts): dofed ōc iarnglus .i. airegdu int ōc co ndagrusc oldās in sen co ndibelrusc, Corm. Y 689 , cf. Laws iv 376.22 . dofet aurfocra cach n-athgabala, Laws i 112 . dofet a cert certaib her rights precede [other] rights, 124.10 . cid dofet a comaices?, iv 70.1 (with gl. cid is remthechtach isin . . ., ib.). airi túisi ced arin-eper ? Arindi is toisech a chiniul ┐ dofét airi n-ardd, 324.20 ( Críth G. 387 ). inti bes siniu is e dofet (.i. ise remeteit ina huird aisneisen), iii 26 .

(c) brings about, causes, induces: an gach tethnais dofedhat micuir in every violence that unfair contracts cause, Laws iv 268 . is me doruid a n-orgain, Ériu v 213 . is i mo orgain doruided and, BDD § 90 .

(d) With FRI in fig. sense brings beside, compares to: is fria dofedar cech degben in hErinn, LL 274b21 .

elada, elatha

Cite this: eDIL s.v. elada, elatha or dil.ie/19919
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: -an, -na

n n, f. g s. -an, later also -na, IGT, Decl. § 9 .

(a) art, science, acquired craft or skill (in general sense or of a specific branch), renders Lat. ars: beanaidh ris an ealadhain leighis = artis est medicinae TSh. 8229 (cf. Lile na hEladhan Leighis = Lilium Medicinae O'Gr. Cat. 202 ). abairt .i. ab arte .i. issī abairt do-ní .i. elada, O'Mulc. 10 . O'Cl. s. abairt. foillsigther do fis cecha healadna, Auraic. 4940 . lan do ecna in gach uile eladhain eter dlighedh ┐ diaghacht, ḟisigecht ┐ ḟellsaime ┐ ealadhain Gaeidhilgi air chena every science including law, divinity, physic, philosophy and the art of Gaelic [composition] in general AU 1498 . do réir [sic leg.] ealadhan an photeceári, Exodus xxx 35 . tárras deigh-ealadhain a noble craft (viz. poetic art) Dán Dé xxv 4 . gorab sec[h]ranach ealadhan an baramail sin unscientific Ir. Astr. Tr. 70.23 . Gailian Ipocráid amhra | gérbh égcinnte a n-eladhna `boundless as was their science' O'Gr. Cat. 556.5 . aes borb eladan unskilled workmen Laws v 98.11 Comm. (here opp. to aes dána). gnimrada borba...ac na recar a les ealat[h]u, iii 174n .

Esp. of literary or poetic art, or of minstrelsy , the underlying meaning being always skill , hence the word is not synonymous with éicse: aes ciuil ┐ oirfide ┐ ealadna, IT ii2 122.6 . aos ealadhna (of poets), Studies 1924, 85 . TD 8.16 . uinivers na healadhna (i.e. the poet's study), Ir. Review 1913, 594 . buime is ḟearr don ealodhain (of one bountiful to poets and minstrels) TD 9.51 . bágh na healadhna eadruinn the bond of art (letters, music) 23.5 .

With defining gen. of a particular craft or calling: doneoch...is tualaing éladu imbertha airm, TTr.² 91 . eolus ealadhna an ghaisgidh, Studies 1919, 439 . Cf. bearradh...lais...a ccomhartha ealadhan re taighleoiriocht in token of (his) calling as a courier Todd Lect. iv 68.14 .

do-gní e.¤ studies, learns, teaches or practises a craft: ag dénum eladhan isin cathraigh sin, RC x 182 y . co ndenad se ars memorativa .i. el[adh]na na cuimni do chach, 182.7 . ní tíaghair...d'íarraidh ealathan to seek (training in poetic) art IGT, Decl. ex. 315 ( = Studies 1924, 86 ). TD 12.6 .

(b) of applied skill in any art or craft; workmanship: ro derscaigestar a tech so eter adbur ┐ elathain material and workmanship FB 1 . screpall rob fiu in bunad ┐ da screpall dorormacht ealadu ┐ frichnum air (of a metal vessel; the skill and industry of the craftsman augmented the value of the material), Laws v 18.1 Comm. Of horse-training: don fer do-righne in eladhain...don fer do-righne in frichnumh, Cóic Con. 48.2 = Laws v 214.7 Comm. Of medical or surgical treatment: da ndecha mer as a inadh tarringther é ┐ cuir le suil th'ordoige 'na inadh é ┐ dentar an eladha cedna air (viz. apply a bandage, etc., as in the case of dislocatio manus) YBL 349a41 . nach fetir do reir naduire na ndaine clocha...dfoirithin, acht do reir eladhan...fetir seandaine eigin dfoirithin, 353b10 .

In connexion with military operations: doronsat... aidhme iongnaithe d'amhainsi ealadhan ┐ inntlechta trias ro ghabhsat Carrag L.C. for mhuintir F., AFM iii 280.17 .

(c) of skill in deception, craft, cunning, wile: gabaid fen rigi...tria cheilg ┐ elathain, LB 140a42 (= Todd Lect. vi 78.7 ). PH 8090 . mellaid demun tria eladain in drém na techtait in fírDia, 1950 . na fil celg no eladu dráidechta lais, 786 . BNnÉ 43.5 . trem' inntlecht ┐ trem' ealadhnoib diaplaidhi infernal arts Fl. Earls 138.11 . Here probably: ealaidhe na bpeataoi-se manœuvres (?) Ó Bruad. iii 134.22 .

(d) an exhibition or specimen of skill, craftsmanship: do erail eladan forru a display of their skill (in dancing) PH 893 . doronsat éladna inganta performed wonderful (gymnastic) feats 897 . trí fáilti coirmthige: immed ┐ dúthracht ┐ elatho (.i. ealadha do thaisbeana[dh]), Triads 225 and p. 42 . dob imdha céol ┐ eladhna ar an mbanais sin, ZCP vi 82.33 . augtair na elathan ic tennad a tairngi the builders of the structure (of a ship) LL 219a1 = TTr. 136 . Cf. cliatha bo Raghamain ruanaid | nírb ealadhain uabair [sic leg. ?] iat, Ériu x 85 z . Of a literary composition: augtar inna healathan-sa Béid Bede is the author of this work Anecd. iii 63.25 . S. O'D. da-rini inn ealadhu-so (heading of a piece of alliterative prose), H 2.7, col. 213 . don eladuin-si na Táno, ACL iii 3.3 . ros bennach cách dib elathain aroile, Fél. 4.21 . cethardai condagar da cech elathain .i. locc ┐ aimser, etc. 2.3 . MacCongl. 3 . Ériu viii 150 . co nderna liubra ┐ eladhna lanmora do amaindse ┐ do indleacht `treatises' [cf. above, last cit. under (b)] RC xvii 417.29 . Cf. Ir. Astr. Tr. 8.12 . RC x 183.3 . is don Mac S.-si doroinneadh na healadnacha adchualabar these poems were composed L. Chl. S. § 40 . Cf. elada .i. eccloga .i. gobarc[h]omrád...ar a doirchi ┐ ar a dot[h]uigsi, is umi aderar gobarc[h]omrad...rie, Corm. Y 561 .

COMPD.: in t-eladenmaid = artifex PH 5578 ( = elad-d., see IGT, Introd. § 94 ). Cf. gusan elandenmaid, Ériu v 72.6 (n.2) , perhaps for eladandenmaid (see IGT, Introd. § 93 ). See also acunailind denmaid, Ériu v 72 n. 2 (E 3 5 p. 56b) .

foga

Cite this: eDIL s.v. foga or dil.ie/22689

Forms: fogau, fogu, fagu, foga, fogha, fagha, -dha

n io, m. (fo-gaí) O.Ir. a p. fogau (gl. spicula) Thes. ii 48.7 . fogu (v.l. fagu) ib. 34 . foga, 363.2 . In later Mid. Ir. freq. treated in pl. as dental stem: fogha, fagha (n p. ¤, -dha) IGT, Decl. § 2 p. 40 .

A small spear, a javelin, in heroic lit. distinguished from gae and sleg , and generally forming part of a warrior's equipment. faga .i. fī-ga .i. drochgaī, Corm. Y 635 . gai fota ... re faga féig fobartach, LU 6562 . sleg cóicrind ina láim. foga fogablaigi inna farrad, 6298 . Ailill Diabalgái ... is leis dorondad faga ar tus dia beith i fail gai moir, Cóir Anm. 288 . Ferghus Fogha .i. issé [a]rainig foghai la gai mór ar tus, 259 . robo imda gái ┐ f.¤ íarna brisiud, TTr.² 1371 . ac seo sleg it laim ... ┐ ac seo fagha fogablach it laim, Acall. 6867 . Ben bodbda ainm na sleige ┐ Deogh bāis ainm ind ḟagha, 6876 . ro mebdatar a slegha ┐ a foghadha, CCath. 2126 . dobertaig na fagada bega ... rabai 'na laim, TTebe. 919 . do gab a fhaga ... ina laim ... ┐ tuc urchar do Tid, 924 . fetgaire na faga fírgēr, LL 243b41 ( TTr. 2009 ). scrédgaire na fagha, CCath. 476 . ro coirighsit a coirrmera ... i suaineamnaiph ... a fogad , 5552 . foluaman a bḟagadh, Marco P. 61 . fúair ... aradain olc | ac fagadaib i Fornocht, Metr. Dinds. iii 74 . berid lais lan a glaice d'ḟoghadhaib, Aen. 2655 = manus ... iaculis oneravit Aeneid x 868 . ? cona fogtaib, BB 494b45 ( IT ii 99.22 = cona ḟochestaib, Alex. 713 , see fogast). meóir ... lúbtha um ḟoghaibh, TD 4.30 .

fordinge

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fordinge or dil.ie/23539

n (decl. uncertain, cf. TTr.2 below). Mid. Ir. vn. of for-ding. Pressing, compressing; oppressing, crushing . f.¤ forlonn `very violent urging' Tec. Corm. § 25 . conid hé Michél dotháet ... dia f.¤ , LU 1427 ( RC xxi 386 ). o 'tchonnairc in fordingi móir dorat Hector forru, TTr.² 1042 = fordingi mor, LL 404b13 . ro sraoínead ... for mharcṡluagh Uí N. ..., ┐ ro bás occa ffoirdhinge ina ndiúidh gan díchell `they were pressed in the pursuit' AFM v 1812.18 . a nert ┐ a lamha da fordingi, CCath. 1115 = compressas tenuisse manus , Luc. Phars. ii 292 . a cheann do bhuain de is a chur fána sliasaid da ḟoirdhinge `to press it beneath their thighs' Keat. iii 3299 . fri fourbaid fordingi (of the accent `airnin') Auraic. 3647 . As allegor. npr. m.: Diumusach mac Fordinge, Anecd. ii 49 .

gilla

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gilla or dil.ie/25843
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: gilld, gille, gille

n n s. gilld, Corm. Y 676 , 1059 ( p. 93.11 ) ; also gille, IGT Decl. exx. 1136 , 1405 , 2130 ; cf. gilli (: fīrindi), ACL iii 246.7 ; gille (: imme), MacCongl. 69.30 . n p. gailli (subscript a), gaille, ZCP xxvii 43 (B) . io, m. A word of pre-Norse origin, prob. from Latin. See Pokorny, ZCP xii 298 ff. ; Marstrander, ib. 309 ff.

(a) a youth of an age to bear arms ; one who has arrived at the third of the six ages of man (for which see gillacht) : Dauid in gille dáne, Hy. i 12 . gilla oac amulach, LU 3825 ( SCC § 37.14 ). TBC-LL¹ 265 . do gilli no óclig, Mon. Tall. § 41 . v s. cucainn cetna thanacais do chétgasciud, a gillai, IT i 103.9 . a gilli, LU 3535 ( SCC § 29 ). a ghille ... doní uaill as do ghile, A. Ó Dálaigh xliii 2. As a contemptuous mode of address : creud as creidemh dhuitsi, a ghiollaidh thall, Luc. Fid. 182 . pl. a ṅgillai óca, CRR § 34 . gilde ┐ ócláoich, Mon. Tall. § 48 . a gillu Connacht, IT i 106.21 (LL). chethirn ṅ-gilla, TBC-LL¹ 5762 . gialladh do ghillaibh óga giving youths as hostages, AU ii 540.17 . tri chet do gillib occa, TTebe 1468 . tuc Ráp ... aeghaidhecht do ghilladaib Israel (of the spies), ZCP ii 52.9 ( Maund. § 90 ). atconnarc gillu glána, LU 3767 ( SCC § 34 ).

(b) Sometimes (with or without `bec') used as the equivalent of `mac,' a male child, a boy : in gilla bec mo dalta sa, TBC-LL¹ 842 , gilla, TBC-I¹ 514 = mac bec, TBC-LL¹ 1015 . Cf. also TBC-I¹ 508 , 537 with TBC-LL¹ 989 , 1046 respectively. ba gilla bec, LL 226b28 ( TTr. 700 ). PH 1366.

(c) Used of a pupil : gilldæ .i. is fri gil is cosmail. ... issē dono bēssad in gilla tosugud (do ṡugud, LB) forcetail do t[h]engaid a fithidire, Corm. Y 676.

(d) a servant, a gilly, a messenger : gilla a cillus, graece manus unius, ar is lām do cach áon a gilla, Corm. Y 702 . Cf. O'Mulc. 654 . a gilla laiss .i. ēcsīne ēiside co menmuin fithidire lais, Corm. Y 825 . ro chuir in gilla na eocho hi fergort, LU 8514 ( FB § 36 ). TBC-LL¹ 3295 . TBC-I¹ 2468 . ro-fhóid tra Iacop a gilla, PH 2193 . C. giolla gradha do Brian `confidential officer,' Cog. 102.19 . gilla Crist (gl. Christianus), Ir. Gl. 523 . gilla ... nó timtirid, Mon. Tall. § 37 . pl. ferr lais feis la gillib to sleep with his servants, Laws v 292.22 . daescurṡluag ┐ gillida fedma `drudges,' Acall. 5627 . CRR § 28 . gilli na sluag `horse-boys,' Cog. 82.7 . giollaidhe an tsluaigh `camp-followers,' Keat. iii 3199 . daill iad ┐ giolladha dall = duces caecorum), Mac Aingil 401 . With a defining gen. of the work allotted or the service performed : g.¤ adhairce (gl. cornicen), Ir. Gl. 1018 . g.¤ con a kennel attendant, Laws v 72.29 . ZCP xiii 254.16 . g.¤ cupáin cup-bearers , 1 Kings x 5 . g.¤ na-n-each (gl. mango), Ir. Gl. 946 . Cf. Ériu iii 141.196 . BColm. 102.2 . IGT Decl. ex 2130 . g.¤ an eich, TD 22.17 . gille echraide grooms , RC xliii 26 § 25 . g.¤ na fi[d]chli chess-board attendant, Acall. 1344 . g.¤ na filed .i. g.¤ urraith .i. i cometecht caich bis a bailiu i mbailiu, Laws i 106.10 Comm. ; 'baggage-boy' UR 133 . g.¤ gái a spear-gilly , SG 66.1 . marbus g.¤ in gái .i. in callaire sergeant (?), 76.9 . g.¤ glomair horse-boy , Laws v 72.29 Comm. g.¤ an ghobanno the boy who feeds the smith's furnace : fuaradh ghiolla an ghabhann (prov. saying), TSh. 6206 . g.¤ scuir a stud-groom, a stableman , Acall. 778 . g.¤ tened one who attends to the fires, SG 354.33 . g.¤ turusa a messenger : cursúr .i. gilla turusa, PH 2601. Laws v 72.29 Comm. g.¤ urláir a household servant, Laws v 72.29 Comm. Cf. echlach urláir, Ériu ix 15.

(e) Commonly used from the close of the 10th cent. as the first element of masc. proper names, foll. by gen. of npr. (saint or other), see Marstrander, ZCP xii 313 . Gillacolaim, AU i 488.16 (an. 976) . G.¤ Patraic, 492.22 (an. 982) . G.¤ Ciarain, Caithr. CC § 53 . G.¤ na Trinódi hUa Dálaigh, RC xviii 270.1 . For further exx. see AU (Index) : AFM iii 2-3 n. and Heldensage (Index). Also (accompanied by a descriptive adj. or gen.) used as npr m. or sobriquet : G.¤ Bec, Rawl. 159a14 . G.¤ Luaithrindi, Lec. 57rb16 . In G.¤ Leithderg O Concobair, RC xviii 276.25 . See also Dubgilla, Crōngilla, Gormgilla, ZCP xiii 1 - 2 .

indlat

Cite this: eDIL s.v. indlat or dil.ie/28463

Forms: indlat, indlad, ionnladh, indlat, únladh, indlait, ionnluid, indlut, inlut, innladh, ionnlad, innalta, iondlait, ionnalta, indladh, indlat, indlait

n o, m. (<indmat, q.v., influenced by lám with which it very commonly occurs. See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 488 , ii 575 , and Irske Studier § 94 ). n s. indlat, Corm. Y 597. indlad, YBL 137b36 . ionnladh, DDána 70 § 22. a s. indlat, LU 1447. únladh, Midnight court 401. g s. indlait, Críth G. 176. ionnluid, IGT Decl. ex. 767. d s. oc indlut , Thes. ii 249.10 . inlut, LU 3787. innladh [ionnlad], IGT Decl. § 104. In Mid. and Mod. Ir. g s. sometimes as u- stem : innalta ( iondlait , v.l.), TBC-LL¹ 1555. ionnalta, A. Ó Dálaigh li 18. indladh, IGT Decl. § 106.

(a) act of washing the hands or feet (later used also for washing the face. See indlaid), act of cleansing: indlat .i. inde lauat manus et pedes , O'Mulc. 730. ionnlat .i. glanadh, ionnlat a bheathadh ... `purifying his life,' O'Cl. intan adnaim duine a chosa ┐ a lāma indlat innsin .i. inlót, lotum .i. dīunag n-ind, Corm. Y 597. māt .i. lāmh, unde indmat .i. ind na lām negar and. Indlat immorro .i. lat .i. traig. Indlat don chois didiu ..., 943 . it bois láin di uisciu oc indlut, Thes. ii 249.10 . usce loch aelta .i. ni maith do dig ní maith do indlut, LL 283b28 . is lor do indlat a choss nama, PH 5261. icc indlat a haighthi ┐ aglanad a gelglacc, BB 239a52 . buinne lindghlan láimh re leas | gá theas ní háil indladh as, IGT Decl. ex. 1671. d'éis a n-ionnallta a hór ghlan `which have been bathed in pure gold,' TD 40 § 7. tainec go Tibra an Laeich Leisc d'indlad a lam ┐ a gnuísi ┐ a aidhce, BCC 28.13 . Attrib. gen. ambur indlait ┐ long ḟoilcthe[o], Críth G. 176. Fig. gurbh' uisge ionnlaidh dhí a deora, DDána 30 § 19. sruth ionnalta na n-anam (of Christ's blood), PBocht 15 § 14. iad féin d'fhothragadh ┐ d'ionnladh a tobar ... na haithrighe, TSh. 7051. fuair Beannghlan, mór an modh, | a ceangladh d'ór 's a hionnlodh (of a harp), Dánta P. Feiritéir 484 .

(b) In concrete sense, water for washing: tessaigid indlat dóib ol Ailill, LU 1447. cian ō thessaigthe intslatt (leg. indlat), Ériu viii 157.21 . cen dig cen bīad cen indlat, MacCongl. 13.18 . ni raibe tene na indlad na dergad and, YBL 137b36 . Fig. mo chearchuill chodalta, ionnladh mh'aigeanta (of the poet's patron), DDána 70 § 22.

lám

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lám or dil.ie/29507
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: laám, láme, láam, láim, láma, láime, nondalámgaba

n ā, f. n s. ind laám , Wb. 12a23 (see GOI 20 - 1 ). g s. láme, Sg. 68a1 , 68b13 . g p. láam, Wb. 9a6 . n s. later also láim, and g s. láma, láime. IGT Decl. § 192.

I

(a) hand: gnúis et láma et cossa, Wb. 12b4 . is sochrudiu láam oldōsa ol coss, 12a21 . precept dosom fri dei et saithar ho lámaib in nocte gl. operantes manibus nostris, 9a5 . ine láim nú ine méraib, Thes. ii 245.37 . ind l.¤ gl. manu, Ml. 36b1 . lam, 131b4 . torad a láam is hed dodtoisged `it is (the) fruit of his hands that used to support him', Wb. 9a6 . orddu lámae gl. pollex, Sg. 68b13 . dunecomnacht Dia inní saúl inna lama som delivered S. into his hands, Ml. 55c1 . ro bendach Pátraic asa dib lámaib in Machai, Trip.² 2799 . conid eiter a lamaib rothathamir cú rui (leg. Cú Roí) `in their hands that C. expired', Mon. Tall. 65 . idna láme (one of the `streams of poetry'), LL 3900 ( IT iii 58.2 ). bud bhinn lam ┐ bel a fine instrumentalist and vocalist, AU iii 340.7 . claidhemh gacha lamha, Cog. 252.9 . ro-gab . . . lān a lām do c[h]ochall an c[h]lērig, BColm. 36.10 . líon mo lámha `the full of my hands', Dán Dé xxx 7 .

With adj. or attrib. gen.: l.¤ bennachtan as opposed to l.¤ soscéli right hand v. left hand (see Stokes, Ériu iii 11 - 12 ): in ferand ar do láim soscéla ic dola sís . . . no ar do laim bennachtan anís, Ériu iii 11.14 - 15 . See soiscélae. l.¤ choitchinn: airgitur langilli na bo iar fir i llaim coitchinn ra aichne `in gemeinsame (neutrale) Hand', Cóic Con. 17.2 . lámh chlé (lámh chlí prohibited form), IGT Decl. § 139 . ros-mugaig, ros-mill, ro tracht / trí coecat barc co laim clí, Fél. 200.28 . na findad do l.¤ chlíí an a n-dingne do l.¤ dess, PH 5950 . lámh deas right hand, IGT Decl. § 137 . bennuch, a Dhe, . . . / cot laim dheis mo cuili-se, Lism. L. 1287 . fíréin láma deise Dé, PBocht 26.34 . l.¤ doí see lámdoé s.v. 1 doé; l.¤ (in) scéith left hand or arm; see 2 scíath and cf. ar laim congmala a sgeith, Ériu xi 189.30 .

In l.¤ des, l.¤ chlé of directions; in a variety of uses: a lleth o laim deiss dexteram ejus partem, Sg. 17b2 . for láim deis aníartúaid . . . for laim chlí anairtuáid, BCr. 19c2 , 3 . éla fort láim ṅdeiss `decline ab eis in dexteram partem', Lat. Lives 80.15 . Fir Domnand co trí rígaib / lam des fri hErinn n-íraig `up the west coast', MacCarthy 148 § 3 ( LL 14718 ). impoit . . . for a láim chlí they turn to the left, AU ii 120.7 . ro ghabsat iaramh laimh cli fris an loch `with their left to the lake', AFM vi 1940.18 . do chuaidh . . . hisin . . . long . . . lamh dhes frí hérinn soirttuaidh, 1966.z . dia lāim deis on his right, ZCP viii 108.3 . Note also: is í so slighe ina ttáinig . . . .i. láimh sgéith re Ráith Ḟionnchaoimhe, Ériu viii 135.24 .

In a number of idioms with vb. gabaid: gabaid láim x seizes, abducts x: nis gebh do laim . . . ar med do nóimhe, BNnÉ 304.17 . gabais laim ingine Foraid . . . ┐ fordoscarastar, Rawl. 131b24 (Cf. Ériu iii 135.4 ). dodechaid in chaillech do béim chluic . . . gabais Ailill a láim, ┐ dos tascar, ┐ dogéni a coblige seized, RC ix 452.14 . See gabál. Cf. ní má ar gabáil ar lámha / úaind, ZCP viii 219.36 . M. . . . do gabail . . . l.¤ Huí L. . . . asint ṡuide apad `expelled', Ann. Inisf. 1052.5 . gabaid láim x dochum leads x to: gabais a chomalta a laim dochum mara led, Anecd. iii 59.9 . gabthe mo laim mattin dochum mara, 1 . With follg. prep. AS expels: ni ragh sa adiu . . . go ro gaba ri no espoc mo laim as, BNnÉ 302.4 . gebatt sa . . . do lamha sa asin suidhi righ ittaoi, 305.13 . conid ari rogabad al-lam a Pardus `on this account they were driven out of Paradise', Ériu vii 164.7 .

(b) arm : cumgabail inna lam i crosfigill is sí briathar l.¤ insin, Ml. 138a2 . tócaib do dí láim i n-airdi frisin Coimdid, MacCarthy 64.10 = suidig do da laim cech thrath / fri ruirig nime, SR 1605 . doe láme gl. lacertus, Sg. 68a1 . a di láim tri derca ṡedluch allenith immach, TE 4 ( IT i 119 ). gur ben in lamh des aga gualaind de, ZCP vi 36.18 . lámh on gualuinn a fad, ALC i 184.20 . láma caolrigthecha, Caithr. Thoirdh. 104.27 . Of clothes, sleeve : lēinte lainneardha lāimhgheala lín 'brilliant, white-sleeved linen tunics', BDC 226.57​ .

(c) Of the hand used in measuring length: on fir do ní in tomus o laimh, Laws ii 232.22 Comm . ocht nduirn a fot, do toimsib laime techta fil fri mesu ┐ toimsiu, Laws ii 246.8 . tinne tri mer a mbun laime, Laws ii 250.2 . See 2 tinne. is í sin is áis do'n ésga do réir láime (of calculating the moon's age by disposing the verses of the Golden Number upon the finger-joints), O'Gr. Cat. 300.14. Of the whole arm as measure: fád láimhe laoich do chrann, Keat. ii 5200.

(d) Attrib. g s. cennach láime: fuair . . . na seacht Laoighise dó féin . . . mar cheannach láimhe i ndíol an cheannais do rinne `handsel', Keat. ii 4812 . cin láime distinguished from cin coise, tengad, etc.: cin laime de guin, no gait, no mi-imirt, Laws i 238.11 . cís láime: ní cíos láime atá acutsa orra acht rígféinnidecht ┐ maer choiméta atá acut innte tribute of the hand i.e. won by force(?), SG 338.22 , 337.17 . triatha uaisle dho i mbuannacht do bhíodar / a chíos láimhe mar ránaig ar ríoghraidh, Hackett² 30.290 . See dígbál. fer láime: fer láma ríg Themra thair / Illand ergna mac Erclaim `henchman', Metr. Dinds. iv 88.13 . Legal perpetrator, distinguished from sellach spectator : mas lethbrostu ┐ ro fes in cu do rigne in fogail is amuil fer laime tigerna in con do rigne in fogail the master of the dog which did the injury is taken to be the perpetrator (of liability for dog injured in a dog-fight), Laws iii 194.y Comm . noco fo lan fir laime icus sellach a lan, 100.z Comm . See sellach. Also áes láime guilty persons: is iat is aes laime ann lucht in combaiti (`hand-party'), Laws iii 252.13 Comm . flesc láime see 1 flesc. liacca lamh, CCath. 5657 (see 1 lía). rogad láime, see rogad.

Extended meanings: gesce ┐ lama imda branches (of tree), RC x 74.3 v.l. gur teig lamh na lainne dā lethtaoibh handle, ZCP xiv 233.1 .

II In various abstr. and fig. applications.

(a) prowess, valour, accomplishment: ar eagla a laime ┐ a dighultu[i]s, ZCP vi 273.9 . ni caithimsa sin noco fagar do laim iat (do nert laime, v.l.), RC xix 34.2 . do chuaidh A. a llos a láma as by his own valour, ALC i 302.23 . Cf. CCath. 68 . ba fearr lamh na luighe `one better in deed or word', Duan. F. ii 176 § 5. clú láimhe, Hugh Roe² 104.5 . fer . . . go lán ainm láimhe ┐ tighe aoidhed, AFM v 1628.18 . fear . . . ro ba maith lamh ┐ oineach brave and generous, 1692.10 . teist ┐ tuarasccbháil láimhe ┐ einigh, 1684.18 . Sir Gyi ┐ sir Heront rob ferr lam ar gach taebh acu, ZCP vi 45.29 . ní fuil . . . ridiri is ferr lamh, 52.2 . ni frith fear mo laimhe riam `a man to match with me', Duan. F. i 63 § 33 . l.¤ láitir might: techt do fein ar los a lame laitiri as, Ann. Conn. 1373.5 .

(b) control, power : is he nert Dé ┐ l.¤ Dé, LB 138b46 . san tír dar ghoire do ghrádh / lámh ag rígh oile mon-uar another king rules, DDána 45.6 . as é dob fearr eineach is ágh / ní deachaidh lamh ós a cionn `never was he overpowered', Duan. F. ii 218 § 8 . adubhairt riu gan an rigacht do chur as a laimh, BCC 246.34 .

In phrase l.¤ i n-úachtar upper hand, conquering arm : rapo doss díten ┐ rapo buinne bratha ┐ rapo l.¤ i n-uachtur leo Conall, CRR 44.1 . go dtug Dia an lámh i n-uachtar ag Scotaibh is ag Pictibh orra, Keat. ii 6144 . In legal phr. lám gabálae forcible seizure : do-beir in fer ada-gair comrac forsin mil sin co tét i lláim gabálae 'the man who brings a claim against them causes a confrontation over that honey so that it (the honey) passes by forcible seizure', Bechbretha 186 (e) .

(c) Legal active part in crime : icad fer tairce trian . . . a dualgus a tairci; ┐ cutruma re aenfer don dá trian aile a dualgas a láime the inciter pays a third due because of his incitement . . . because of his share in the deed (of fine for killing by soldiers), Laws iii 114.x Comm . asren cāch a chinta ar a láim `for his own hand', Cáin Ad. 43 . im fiach a laime, ┐ im fiach a tairci, Laws iii 116.1 Comm . See tárcud. ? síoll Eoghain ní hosadh ghealloid / ní ghébdís duit díol i láimh, L. Cl. A. B. 223.106 . In phr. l.¤ derg murder, murderer (cf. We. llawrudd) (in latter sense more commonly fer láime deirge): cumal aithgina fo fer laime dergi laes na gona and, Laws i 244.2 Comm . bid fir lāma dergi ina suidedaib apad, BColm. 62.19 . ba comeirque laime derce nach bruidhen an asylum for a murderer, RC xxi 314.6 . bud í in phláig dibse is a bedg / in l.¤ derg dimbert oram murder, SG 55.37 . ná déantar lámh dhearg acht dí / ar ghrá na dtrí ndealg a Dhé `that my body alone be treated as a foe', Dán Dé ix 9 . atú mar láimh ndeirg ag Dia, ii 30 .

(d) In metonomy, pars pro tota . Of warrior: dob iomdha lamh áthasach do Dhom[n]allachibh ┐ Ghordonchib do bhi san lathair sin, Rel. Celt. ii 192.13 . ni roibi . . . aenlamh fa crodha coscur a cathaibh, ZCP vi 43.33 . lámh ar nár cheisd an cheisd chrúaidh, L. Cl. A. B. 265.9 . marbthar lais Conn O Concobhair in aen lámh mharcaigh as lugha rob olc i cConnachtaibh, AFM vi 2040.11 . With descriptive gen. of generous person: in l.¤ tidnaicthi (of Cú Chulainn), LL 7962. da láim thidnaicthi ratha (Cú Chulainn and Fer Diad), 10729 . lámh chothaighthe deibhléin Dé she who supported God's orphan, DDána 32.24 . Of help: don bocht a tibred laim, PH 6145 . a lámh nach lámh tar threise `o arm unsurpassed in strength(?)', PBocht 23.49 .

(e) In phrases ref. to plighting of troth, wedlock, etc.: dobhi ar fes laimhe ┐ leaptha ag an inghin an oidhche sin, RC xxix 134.18 . roḟai ar laimh ┐ ar leabaid le, RC xliii 24 § 22 . See foaid. sáith ríogh ar leabaidh 's ar láimh / gach inghean ard álainn óg, Dánta Gr. 5.31 . tug mná cneasta i bhfeis leabtha ┐ láimhe married, Hackett² 53.106 . Cf. mé th'éadach láimhe is leaptha (said by cloak to its owner), 32.33 . nascis . . . for láim ind fúatha sin `bound that (boon) on the Spectre's hand', Moling 20 .

(f) In proverbial expressions: ba lam i net nathrach . . . insaigid fair `a hand into an adder's nest', LL 225b7 ( TTr. 608 ). ba luam a net natrach . . . cor fri sluag na Fomoire, RC xii 96.17 . lámh an eirr easguinne unsafe grip, IGT Decl. ex. 587 . l.¤ déoraid (status of) a person whose protection and rights had been forfeited ( ZCP xxxiii 87 ): bid l.¤ déoraid dó, LU 5137 ( TBC-I¹ 654 ); 'he is as good as dead' ZCP xxxiii 87 . See deorad. l.¤ latrainn ba l.¤ latraind i n-árbaig la Hercoil isin chath sain, LL 226a15 ( TTr. 651 ). conid de sin ata `lam clé Ulltain in agaid in uilc', Fél. 200.19 . cach lāimi a lāindīrgi, ACL iii 226.21 (see ZCP xviii 48 ). mairg do loitfeadh láimh eadruinn `it were pity for any to hurt his hand (intervening) between us', Studies 1921 589 § 6 . Legal maxim: ni fognai lam laim, Laws i 228.16 .

III In phrases with follg. prep. (in most cases also with prec. vb.).

(a) DI: dothongusa . . . conna get-sa láma dib, conastarddur uile fo thalmain that I shall not release you, TBC-LL¹ 943 . nír' scar lámha díbh cor' ḟalaigh díden na coilltedh íat fair, CCath. 195. See scaraid. ní thall in gáeth láma de / co foraim bága in bile `the wind withdrew not its hand until it brought down the Tree's pride' (of Bile Tortan), Metr. Dinds. iv 244.51 .

(b) FO: do-beir láim fo undertakes : ni-s-tibrea liaig doenna laim fo-m leiges-sa, PH 424 . in ni fo dard láimh, CCath. 1795. lámh do tabhairt fán marbh ndíocháirdeach (sic leg.) bhíos i bpurgadóir, dá ḟóirithin as, TSh. 4752 . tabhair mar thugais roimhe / lámh fúm `deal with me', Dán Dé vi 33 . l.¤ fo act of undertaking : ba l.¤ fámórobairsin, TBC St. 3830 . lām fo crābud deduirn dūr, ACL iii 306 § 4 . lámh fá othar mádh áil leo / is beo ar n-a chrochadh dháibh [Dia] `if men wish to touch his wounds', but perh. rather if men wish to attack the wounded, Dán Dé xxvi 34 . Prov. of impossible undertakings: as trágadh lacha as a lār / lámh fa bhádhadh ratha an rígh, IGT Decl. ex. 1036 . is lámh fa chraoibh nach cromann / bheith réd chumann, DDána 4.5 . ríomh réadlann nó gainimh ghil / . . . lámh fa ríomh a sochar sin, Content. xxviii 24. Cf. tabraidh mo lamh fa comhall sin, ar Corbmac. ┐ donaisc orra amlaid sin swear by my hand, Irish Texts iii 8.25 .

(c) FOR: l.¤ for áirithe an undertaking certain of success : níor bó lámh for airidhe a n-ionnsaighidh muna luigheadh líon lam . . . forra, AFM v 1826.8 . ni bad lam ar airgthi doibsium sin mana deonaiged in toichthi, Fen. 138.20 . foceird láma for: foceirtt lamae fair she laid hands upon him, Mon. Tall. 66. Cf. ro láiset láma do they arrested him, PH 3101. Of ordination: cuirfid . . . a lámha arna Lebhítibh, Numbers viii 10. Cf. ni comairleiced . . . dó cor lamha aire (.i. dul do sacarbaic) cin foghlaim `put hand upon him' (i.e. on Christ in the Eucharist), Trip. xlix 11 . atgeall in filidh lāmh for a dān to attempt, ZCP vii 305.6 . do-beir láim for (ar) proposes, attempts : do beartsatt . . . laimh for imdhecht, AFM vi 1900.10 . gabaid láim (láma) for: si dobeir phoíc la cech n-oendig dó, isí geibes láim for a chuit arranges, TBC-LL¹ 2180 . Gaileoin . . . .i. an trian nó ghebadh lamha for an dá trian oile fo ghail fon airredh (leg. airrigh) excelled, Leb. Gab.(i) 118.16 . Of course of action undertakes: do ghabh lam for an Easpain d'fágbhail, ML 44.2 . do gab E. lámh for imtheacht d'fágbhail na h-innsi, ML 36.9 . Of persons enjoins upon, the action enjoined usually being denoted by imm: rogab A. lama (lam, v.l.) ar Perelass im ergi dochum in cluichi sin ordered P., TTebe 2474 . in tan gaba lam forainn, BB 418a51 gabais lāma for in úathad slúaigh robúi ina ḟarrad im calma do dēnom, Fianaig. 86.23 . rogabhagh lamh ar an oglach im dul dochum na teneadh, Ériu iii 156.31 . Also petitions : ragabsad T. uili . . . lama air um thuilleadh fhís do denam doib `entreated that a further vision should be made', TTebe 4156 . ní rigise a les lam do gabail forainn there is no need to ask us (to protect you), Celt. Rev. iii 314.6 . Note also: ragab láim ar a araid (itbert re a giolla, v.l.) ara ngabad a eochu, TBC-LL¹ 3252 . ní ḟedabair an lá no an uair i ngebthar lamh foraibh `a hand will be laid upon you', RC xxv 388.17 . imm-beir láim for practises violence on, see imm-beir. Med. operates on: ro himred lámu . . . for Eogan co mbí ina chinnte bás d'fhaghbáil do, SG 50.25 . Note also: a thaoibh-se ar a dtá mo lámh on which I rely(?), Dán Dé xxv 43 .

(d) FRI: l.¤ fri act of avoiding, renouncing : lam fri idal ṅglethech ṅgal (command against idolatry), SR 4845 . lāim fri lochta, ZCP vi 264 § 9 . lam fri cath fri cēilide, Ériu ii 56.9 . lámh fri turbhaidhe domhnain cé, AFM ii 618.18 . As prep. beside : tainic laim re fiannbhoith mac mBrocain, ZCP xi 40.11 . ealba fhiadh is eadh at conncas / cealga Laoghaire láimh ria, PBocht 10.16 . rohadnaicedh laim re haltóir (sic leg.) Chiarain, RC xviii 182.4 . tarr láimh riom, Gen. xxvii 21 . muna raibh do dhearbhrathair láimh riot, Deuteronomy xxii 2. Also of motion along by (see also under I (a) above): lodar . . . laim re muir siar co rangadar Teach nDuinn, Anecd. i 18.5 . doberat a lam fri h-Etail `skirted', Aen. 138 . tar Dūn ac Loduin . . . / lāim re gach loch go Loch Rīach, ZCP viii 222 § 3 . a lam re fairrge co hAth Cliath, RC xviii 51.26 = laimh fri faircce co rocht co hAth Cliath, AFM ii 1028.x . Note also: tug Muire láimh ris an leas / an uile sháidh do shaidhbhreas `besides salvation', A. Ó Dálaigh l 39. Also compared with: láimh re hAodh ó fhior eile / mion gach taom dá thaidhbhsighe, L. Cl. A. B. 64.159 . ionnus nach fuil i n-uile ṡeanchus . . . láimh re seanchus na hÉireann, Keat. i 44.22 . do-beir láim fri refuses, rejects : na tabair laim frim (Potiphar's wife to Joseph), SR 3182. Of renunciation of world, sin, etc: dia mba maccleirech fa mām / tapuir lām fri holc, ACL iii 319 § 87 . na hulca imgabamít, is e in ecnai erailes ornn laim do thabhairt friu, PH 6867 . do rad láimh ris an saoghal, TFrag. 204.2 . fo-ácaib fri láim excepts: facbaim Concobur fri láim . . . dáig a rige, LU 9217 ( FB 94 ). dochta do neoc[h] dáles dāil / fācbas (?) dáil n-éco fri lāimh, Fianaig. 10 § 3 . Note also: fa-rácbaisemne fri láim deitsiu . . . nád ṅ-íurmais orguin we stipulated, BDD² 659 . scaraid láma fri desists from: roghabh acc timchelladh in chaithmhīledh co nāro-scar lāmha fris go ro eiderdelaigh a cenn rea chúilmēidhe, ZCP xiv 232.12 . ni rosccarsat lamha fris go ragbhatar an caistiall ar eigin, Hugh Roe² 100.16 . Cf. dochuaid re láim he went security, O'Curry 2157 ( Eg. 88, 4a ).

(e) I: do budh dána dul le bréig / do chur lámh 'n-á (leg. 'n-a) leithéid `to resort to guile in attempting such a thing(?)', Dán Dé xxi 21 . cuiris lámh i Mochuda ┐ tug go heasaontach as an mainistir amach é seized, Keat. iii 1948 . dobeir láim i láim neich becomes someone's vassal: ní thug a lámh a láimh riogh occlach dob'fhearr treisi gniomh, ITS v 176.20 . ri Uladh na n-iath solus / . . . dobhera se a lamh ad laimh / gidh be len b'ál gan t'anair, Irish Texts ii 98 § 14. Hence accepts the protection of someone : tuc al-laim il-laim Ḟind, Acall. 5972. Also shakes hands : nach tarmchillend Heriu óclách do neoch do-beir a láim i llaim tigerna nach aichnid damsa, CRR 16.x . tuc a lam in a laim in la sin, Cog. 132.13 . go dtugsad uile a lámha iona láimh, ML 54.31 .

(f) ÍAR: l.¤ íar cúl reserve force : gan lámh ar gcúl uile againn / Muire dhún go n-agaill é `none of us having any support', Dán Dé xix 18 . With cúlu: cusna buidnib medonc[h]aib . . . ┐ cusin laim ar culu, CCath. 5771 . cinnas as áil duit techt i ndáil Medba . . . atágur l.¤ ar cúl aci, LU 6154 ( TBC-I¹ 1669 ).

(g) IMM: gaibid láim imm manipulates : do ghabhadar na fóirne . . . lámha um na leabhar-líontaibh, ML 46.24 .

(h) LA: do-beir láim la helps: is olc in lam tucadar na dee . . . linn, Fier. 106 . móide do-bhéara láimh linn the more wilt thou help me, Dán Dé xi 9 . ag tabhairt láimhe liom féin / a-tá meise, xxii 17 . ní fhuil duine agam do-bhéaradh lámh liom, TSh. 4735 . fo-ceird láim la with same meaning: nach áil cur lámha lat `they will not help thee' (of Mary and mankind), Dán Dé xix 25 . dlighidh cur a láimhe linn, L. Cl. A. B. 251.52 . nior chuir an samhradh lámh linn, Rel. Celt. ii 232.35 . Cf. lámh muna chuire re a gcosg, PBocht 15.5 . l.¤ la help, assistance to: lámh linn ar do bhreith ní bhia `to save me will not be in thy power', PBocht 13.38 . do ghuidh é (sic leg.) fa lamh leis chum síobhail ró mhóir do bhí na éigean air do dhéanamh, ZCP ii 558.22 . as maith an tráth láimhe linn / is cách ré'r ndáin[n]e ag doichill, Ériu v 52.15 .

(i) TAR: fochertar lama tairis they seized him, LU 5941 ( TBC-I¹ 1475 ). do-beir láim tar takes possession of usually by force: co tarad láim dar Corco Loígi, Anecd. i 13.21 . co tarat laim dar hIffern (of Christ harrowing hell), SR 7772 . tuc-som laim tarsan tir ┐ do lomarced leis . . . hi, Ann. Conn. 1249.2 . dochoid A. . . . do índriudh innd idhoiltige ┐ doberait laim tairis, LL 402b31 ( TTr.² 505 ). tugad l.¤ tar na luathcrechaib soir go slioschlár sluag Mhaonmaige they were carried off. Caithr. Thoirdh. 53.39 . do rat lá[i]m dar a longphort, Arch. Hib. ii 72 § 31 . tuc sisi lamh tar an mbiorar báoi for an sruth, BS 82.22 . Note also with pl. láma: tabraiter láma tairis let him be seized, LU 5937 ( TBC-I¹ 1471 ). do-beir láim tar a agaid. Of person waking from sleep: itraacht C. . . . asa chotlud ┐ dobert l.¤ dar a agid, TBC-LL¹ 2495 . do-icc tar láma violates, disobeys : ticcedh thrá Suibhne tar lamha an chleirigh, BS 175.20 .

IV In phrases with preceding prep. (and freq. vb.):

(a) DI: ceb é tan no ghebhudh dia lámh fair `whensoever he should receive the eucharist from him', Lism. L. 2886 . rogab comaind ┐ sacarbaic do laim Tassaig espoic, IT i 22.2 . Of reception of viaticum: téit Comhgall docum nimhe . . . do laimh Ailbhe, Lism. L. 2883 . co nabail dia laimh (i.e. Mochuda) iar mbreith buadha o dhemhan ┐ ó dhomhan (i.e. he died after receiving viaticum from M.), BNnÉ 295.9 . sáeraid di lámaib liberates from : amail soersai Abram / de lamaib na Caldae, Fél. Ep. 456 . rosoirad in chathir di lamaib assar, Ml. 61d2 . See saeraid.

(b) DO: gaibid do (orig. di ?) láim undertakes : ro erb M. fris frestal na hatha. Ro gab-sum sin do laim undertook, Fél. Pref. 12.10 . ro ghabh do láim . . . athaghidh [in muilind], Lism. L. 1969 . rogab Cuipidh do laim o Uenir inni sin, Aen. 387 . do gab . . . Domnall . . . do laim é, Cog. 174.18 . gabhmaitne do laim iatsom `we shall take them in hands', Caithr. CC 63 . do gab du laim cin toidecht i n-agaid mac Ruaidri aris, Ann. Conn. 1225.17 . gabh do láimh i ló na héigne / . . . bheith ós ar gcionn mar chrann díona, PBocht 10.49 . sibh-se . . . gabas do láim an t-eolas who profess learning, Content. xviii 10. Note also: do ghabhadar do láimh dhó nách roichfeadh . . . tochradh a dtigearna tairsibh `they pledged themselves to him', ML 116.8 . rogab H. do láim ón tṡiair sein, LL 226b40 `accepted that charge', TTr. 707 . téit (do-icc) do láim goes to communion : oc techt do laim at the Communion, Thes. ii 254.14 (Stowe Missal). in tan na tiagar do láim dia domnaig, tiagar dia dhardaín ina dhegaid, Rule of Tallaght 15 . fecht n-aill do B. ic techt do Laim in epscuip quadam die accessit B. ut Eucharistiam sumeret de manu episcopi, Lat. Lives 84.15 . gab do lāim / cen tabairt ngotha ar fer ngráid / . . . lēic don churp bīs ina lāim, ACL iii 222.18 . ni dlegar escómlad cen dol do lāim (`without being shriven'), MacCongl. 23.9 . as mitidh a n-anmain De techt do laim `it is time . . . to go to communion', RC xxvi 374.11 = do thāed do lāim `for you to take food(?)', Ériu i 44.24 . ic techt do láim in epscuip (`confess'), Three Hom. 80.21 . téit . . . Gillas . . . do churp Crist annsin do laimh Brenainn, BNnÉ 84.14 . sacairt ic dol do laim celebrating mass, Grail 1326 .

(c) FO. In various uses with téit: téid an bhuidhen fó láimh `submitted', ALC ii 350.12 . otcondai[r]c . . . na hairberta móra sin do thecht fo laim lé Césair being undertaken, CCath. 2389 . gur bhó heiccen do . . . dul fa lámhaibh legh (of surgical operation), AFM vi 2232.21 . See síned. téit fo láim n-epscoip receives confirmation : ní thic comlāine in spirta nóim mane tē fó láim n-epscoip īar mbathus, Ériu i 218.24 . confirmatio, no dul fa laimh easpuig, Luc. Fid. 3688 . Cf. Siluestar ap na cathrach / eirg fo [a] laim ar is rathmar, Fél. 46.29 (where however penance may be intended).

fo láim in the power of, at the discretion of: baí sé seachtmuine ina othairlighe fo lamhaibh legh, AFM vi 2116.2 . tug Dia fád láimh féin lesúghadh do thabhairt uait nó gan a thabhairt, Mac Aingil 3521 . fuair bás fánar lámhaibh, TSh. 5591. Hence subordinate to: guibernōir ar leith fo lāimh in ierla uassa, Fl. Earls 96.14 . Of swearing : gebatsa a luige fó láim Chiaráin by C., LL 274a16 ( SG 416.5 ). lúghu fo láim rig Caisil `by the hand of', Leb. Cert. 70.3 .

(d) FOR. for láim x beside x: asber fris suide for láim Findabrach, TBC-I¹ 1532 ( LU 6001 ). robéosa fort láimsiu, Fél. Prol. 273 . fer buí for láim Airt, ZCP viii 310.7 . Cf. alaile for laim n-ainsedo `another agreeing with(?) the accustive', Ml. 23c21 . Hence of possession, control: nach raibh ar láimh ní fa nimh in his possession, A. Ó Dálaigh 1(50) 10 . do bhí ar a láimh é d'fheithimh it was in His power to watch it, PBocht 21.33 . a bailte móra ar a láimh, Rel. Celt. ii 182.14 . do-beir for láim places at the disposal of: dos bert for láim Eogain, IT i 81.20 . tug a' Gen. na caisléin an boili ┐ na braighde ar lāimh a' Ninntius, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 46.13 . an tan tug ar láimh na heaguilsi eochracha cengail ┐ sgaoilte cháich, Mac Aingil 179 . Note also: beir an dall ar láimh libh `take the blind man by the hand with thee', A. Ó Dálaigh vi 9. Of imprisonment: do cunnbhad ar laimh é gur fháguibh a dheic bhliaghna fichead d'aois, Rel. Celt. ii 162.21 . do bhi an ri san nam sin ar laimh aga naimhdibh .i. Parlameint Shagsan, 202.31 . Cf. dan-indnacht ar láim `by the hand', Blathm. 90 § 3.

(e) FRI. fri láim on behalf of, deputizing for: is e Niall . . . ro gab rigi nErenn . . . acht cheana is é Brian ba tuairgnid catha fri[a] laim side `in his stead', RC xxiv 180.7 . tigerna airthir Connacht fri lāimh a athar acting for his father, AFM ii 836. 10 . With difft. meaning: nochar gabhadh re lāimh T. T. was unassailable, ZCP viii 225.2 . nech padh calmai fri laim imbertai cloidib when it came to swordplay, RC xii 72.22 .

(f) I: gaib id lāim mo fāesam airtho undertake, TBC-I¹ 409. i láim captive, subservient (to): i láimh atú i ttalmhain, Dán Dé xii 7 . minic mē a láim acc dreasaibh, KMMisc. 352 § 7. do marbad U. isin lam-sin `captivity', Ann. Conn. 1270.7 . mé mar bhráighid bhíos i láimh, Dán Dé iii 32 . Aedh . . . do bí illiamh (leg. illáimh) sa chaislén, AU ii 466.18 . grádh mná 'ga bhfuilim i láimh, Dánta Gr. 8.5 . is fiacha i láimh / na féich ar a bhfuil admháil as good as paid, L. Cl. A. B. 162.13 . do thuaslucud chimmeda bai illāim oc ríg qui erat in vinculis apud regem, Lat. Lives 80.11 . Also in pl.: ro gabad annsin Marcus Crasus, ┐ tucad il-lámhaibh é docum airechta na Partecdha, CCath. 136. Also with gen.: cá láimh ataí, a rioghain? I láimh Anadail mic Rí Conchend . . . ar sí, ITS v 54.8 . tugas grádh éagmhaise d'Eoin . . . / 'na láimh tharla an rí [dá] réir `he can make the Lord obey him', PBocht 27.1 . caide . . . an bean i rroibe mo mac sa laim (na laim, v.l.), TTebe 2125 . tuc i lláim Michil . . . in imerci sin, Ériu iv 118 § 36 . With same meaning: a leith a lámh bítt na mná so [do]gres `are always obedient to her', Maund. 135.

In extended sense: ón bhan-óigh do bheith im láimh / budh dáigh breith ar anóir [uainn] my winning regard is likely, the Virgin being on my side, Dán Dé xxiii 39 . do bhí sise im láimh gach laoi she has always been by my side, 40 . beid go luinneach im láimh thall `shall be active for me' (of saints), xxv 69 .

(g) IMM: atbert int aingel friu ni de min do chummisc doib ar an im . . . arna toitsitis an aes penda immallama die on their hands, Mon. Tall. 73.

(h) SECH: léim sech láim false leap(?) LL 307a12 ( SG 386.23 ). nichat léicfider sech láim (of a sword) thou wilt not be laid aside, RC xx 12 § 21 . ná léicetsom sech láimh neglect, LL 301a48 ( SG 373.y ). ? conralta dibh sech laim, Anecd. ii 63.10 .

(i) TAR: tar láim. In oaths by: dar láimh do chinn ┐ do choise, Gadelica i 44.302 . dar láimh Moling, Ó Bruad. i 54 § 5 . tar láma(ib) in spite of: ro chongaibh an Breifne gan baoghlucchadh tar lamhaibh a chomharsan, AFM v 1804.15 . Legal: i slanuibh dochuaidh an duine . . . ┐ tar a lama tecar . . . tiachtain tara lamuibh, O'Curry 393 ( H 3.18, 220a ). tiachtan fo'n cundrad tar do láma `in violation of thy security', Laws v 508.16 Comm . is e dogab Eirinn dar lamaib Chormuic uí Chuinn (ni th[ar] a lamhaib dogab uair fa gilla og Cormac an tan sin), CGSH § 142 n. k-k​ .

V Adv. phrases. a láim i láim from hand to hand : á tinnacul a llaim hillaim, Ml. 96d6 . l.¤ (láim) ar láim equally balanced : dá mbeith an ní láimh ar láimh / idir Eoghan is Conn cáidh, Content. xviii 35. Also: comhraicis Iollann ar a' traigh / Maghnus lamh ar laimh `hand to hand', Duan. F. ii 326 § 31 . d'óenláim together, unanimously : d'oen láim, LL 296b30 . érgit slúaig Ulad innáig / ┐ a n-ardrí d'oenláim, 299a1 ( SG 368.1 ). nach maithfidhe le Dia dháibh / go ria a n-aithrighe d'énláimh, O'Gr. Cat. 467.4 . fo láim secretly: co ndechaid fein as fo laim, Ann. Conn. 1278.6 . maidhm for Maghnus dana ┐ é fén do dul [as] fo laim `secretly effected his escape', AFM iii 452.17 . gabais reime fó láim for lergaib in tsléibe `privily', SG 381.2 ( RC xiii 92.20 ). l.¤ fri láim side by side : in cailli selga noghabhdais dosreathdais 'na uirtimcill lamh fria laim, Marco P. 89. Note also: lecit sírthi fo cricha na Camandi ┐ in lamh ag aroile dhibh `keeping near one another', Marco P. 10 . (ó) láim do (co) láim one and all : do chuala a chloinn láimh do láimh, DDána 46.10 . leis na haingle ó láimh go láimh, 38.20 . tucsam lughi lámh do láimh / fian meic Cumuill einechnair, Acall. 1443 . l.¤ tar láim: do chuirsead fós lámh tar láimh clú a bh-feadhma ar fud an domhain `upon all hands', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 374.17 .

cacha láma (láime) on either side : secht cumala gacha laime go tri nonbura, Laws iv 234.9 . annam lend aithled cecha lama itiaid-siu, LL 286b15 . Gall faoi ┐ Gall gacha láimhe dhó, Ériu i 87.14 . gadaidhe gach láimhe leis, Dán Dé xx 24 . breac beó gacha lámha leis / dála an dá eó nír indeis, IGT Decl. ex. 2135. Cf. in literal sense: do bheredh cend gacha láma would take a head in either hand, Caithr. Thoirdh. 75.30 .

In nn. pr.: Lām-fri-hēc, Mug láma, see Corp. Gen. Lámh Ghábhaid, Cóir Anm. 280 . L.¤ Luath, Acall. 7476. Cf. Lám áed `hand Aed' (as nickname), Trip. 200.7 .

COMPDS. With nouns: ¤aire, see separate article. ¤anart napkin : teagh budh lonnraighe lámhanart, Studies 1924, 244 § 22 . ¤arm, used of small weapon which a warrior took to bed with him for use in emergency: lámh-arm gach laoich ar a leabaidh, ML 76.10 . ¤brat: lambrat gl. mantile, Sg. 172a3 . gl. gausape, 128a1 , 3 . ¤bréit towel : nipsa lambreid lamhglanta, Anecd. ii 60.7 . ¤bró handquern: ni meath log-einech ar ithlaind ┐ lambroin, Laws v 88.11 Comm . ¤chartad ` masturbation ' O'Dav. 1474 . in sesmac pectac imorro le lamhcartad dogeibh a toil, BCrólige 29 . ¤chlaideb: cen arm occaib . . . acht lamcloidmi becca bidis ina lamaib, BB 439b2 . ¤chloc: iseal a treoir in tan is lamclog (gl. aistreóir), Laws v 22.8. Comm . ¤chloch: gebid lamhcloich do lár thalman dar bo lán a glac, TBC-LL¹ 1181 . ¤chomart clapping of hands in grief, lamentation : darindidar lam-chomairt mor ┐ nual-guba dearmair, YBL 147b8 . lámchomairt . . . ┐ basghari do mathrechaib, LB 141a3 . lamcomairt .i. basgaire, O'Dav. 1193 . oenach ina lamcomarthae in quo ignis ┐ tonitru similitudine die judicii. ind lamhcomart hi feil Michel dianepred in tene di nim, AU i 240.1 - 2 (A.D. 771) = AFM i 370.15 . in chantaicc Solomon ┐ ind Lámchomairt libuir Ieremiae Book of Lamentations, Hib. Min. 26 § 186. ¤chongnam: gan lāmh-chongnamh ar doman, Fl. Earls 72.15 . ¤chor: lámhchara .i. lamhchora .i. cur láimhe ar ní, O'Cl. (cf. BB 419a25 below). corugud (sic leg.) cach cuaille iar n-uachtar, ┐ lamcur doib co nach urfaema in (sic leg.) talam `they are pushed down by the hand', Laws iv 112.11 . dorinne lamhchur air laying on of hands, Keat. iii 1603 . ¤chorrán: rolá . . . lāmhcorrán iarnaidhi [uada] d'fastudh na luinge `grappling-irons' CCath. 2083 . ¤chrann. Of part of a harp: olc a l. olc a corr, Measgra D. 7.121 . ¤chruit: a lámh-chruit do leiséaghuinn, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 115 § 12 . ¤déraigthe (cf. 1 dérgud). In phr. ar feis leptha ┐ láimdéraighthe in cohabitation : do berdais a ndaermná (sic leg.) ar feis lepta ┐ láimhdhéraidhthi daib, ZCP viii 545.21 = TBC-LL¹ 1738 - 40 . is and sin ro ḟaietar (sic leg.) in lánamain sin ar feis leaptha ┐ láimhdheraighthi, Acall. 821. Cf. 7842 . ¤día household god, idol : tuc lea lámdeo á athar (of Rachel), SR 3016 . beir leat t'athair Anachis ┐ do mac ┐ do bean ┐ do laimdea, Aen. 578 . tabhraidh láimhdhia chugaibh, ┐ adhraidh dhó, Keat. i 142.43 . ¤dóe (dóit): lámdoti na laechraidi, LL 235a22 ( TTr. 1345 ). ¤écht: an t-iarla ó Lúcan . . . / triath is iomdha láimhéachta, Ó Bruad. iii 144.z . ¤fheidm manual effort : tar lám-fheadhmannaib na laoch, ML 46.26 . ¤ḟile: Feidhlime Ruadh . . . / gá togha is dírighe do luadh gach láimhfhile poet with a patron(?), Hackett² 43.4 . ¤ḟrestal: láimhfhreastal sámhghasda saoitheadh, Hackett² 28.234 . ¤ḟritheolad: do láimh-fritheoladh Choncubhair `to deal with C.,' CRR² 82.x . ¤gaí: gur tholl an lamh-gai an luireach, MR 286.1 . ¤gésca twig : lamgesca mora, RC x 74.3 . ¤glanad: lambreit lamghlanta, Anecd. ii 60.17 . ¤glés wringing of hands : mor lámchomart ┐ láimglés . . . fógensat cumala, Alex. 389 . ro crochtha oca he isin laimgles doroindi, YBL 172b18 = SG 74.4 . ¤lecc: imbertside na lamlecca foraib, LU 4966 ( TBC-I¹ 479 ). ¤nert: re cumas láimhneirt, Oss. iii 264.14 . ¤maide: na soighde, ┐ na lámhmhaideadha, Ezekiel xxxix 9. ¤raite by-road, secondary road : madh for laimraitib beacaib, is i nde randait, CIH v 1549.37 . lamraiti .i. iter di sligid 'by-road, i.e. between two highways' EIF 538 . See also ¤rót(a) below. ¤ rinda: lamrinda nó luathrinda .i. ligatura inter diversas picturas gl. plectas ( 1 Kings vii 29 ), Thes. i 1.30 . See lúathrinde. ¤rót(a) (? properly ¤raite, perh. confused with 1 rót, rota) by-road: lamróta .i. iter da ṡligid, Thr. Ir. Gl. 38 = lāmrotae, Corm. Y 1082 = lomrottea, laimroitea, Corm. Bodl. 36.38 . lamhrod .i. ród láimh le ród eile, O'Cl. mad for rot mor . . . mad for laim raitib becaib, O'Curry 2004 ( H 4.22, 31 ). ¤scaíled manumission: mic mhuinntire, ar nach déantar lámhsgaoileadh, TSh. 5121 . ¤scíath small shield : tú ar láimh-sgiath lá an ghuasochta, A. Ó Dálaigh xix 4. trí chéud láimhsciath, 1 Kings x 17 . ¤scor: gursad . . . lúthmhar ar lámsgor `till our hand teams are . . . spirited', CRR² 62.12 . ¤smacht: na mic nach bí sgaoilte ó lámh-smacht a n-aithreach, TSh. 5122 . ¤thapadh: tuc in t-iarla lamtapadh laechda . . . fora cloidim, ZCP vi 274.32 . As name of Conall Cernach's shield: Lamthapad Conaill Chernaig, LL 12508. ¤thargair .i. oirchi beg no mesan `i.e. a small hound or lapdog', O'Dav. 1153. Cf. lamtairrṅgir, O'D. 2226 ( Nero A vii, 152b ). ¤thoca. As comic n. pr. Lonidh mac Lamthoca, Anecd. ii 55.x , perh. for ¤thoccad. ¤thomus lit. hand-measurement : tugador dhá fhorghomh . . . do na leabhar-armaibh lámh-thómais with their weapons at arm's length(?), ML 136.7 . ¤thorad handiwork, what is produced by weaving, sewing, etc. as opposed to frithgnam: abras . . . .i. lamt[h]orud inailte, Corm. Y 90 . ben lamtoruid `a woman of profitable handicraft', BCrólige 31 . leath do mnai a etach no lamtorad snithiu handiwork consisting of spun material (of what is due to a woman when separating from husband), Laws ii 372.15 . See Thurn., ZCP xv 340 - 1 . See also sníthe. As comicn. pr.: Lenn ingen Lamthora (Lamthoraid v.l.), Anecd. ii 56.2 . ¤thúag: lámtuag gl. hoc manuale, Ir. Gl. 857 . ¤thort. Fig. of warrior: lamtort n-irgala uae beolaig Bressail, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 22 § 2 . meic Labradha lamhtort n-irghalach, LL 393a54 .

With adjj. (many of the follg. are applied to individuals as sobriquets). ¤daith nimble-handed . Of Cú Chulainn: an lāmdhait[h], Fianaig. 42.y . ¤derg: Lugaid lámderg, MacCarthy 176 § 6 . RC xx 136.20 . Frequ. of Leinster and Leinstermen: ri coicid lámdeirg Lagen, CRR 26.7 . DDána 100.26 . ¤des: Loarn laimdheas, Todd Nenn. cv.z . As n. pr. = Manus Dextera, Reeves Ad. 136.z . ¤dóitech. As comic n. pr.: Lámdóiteach mac Lethircind `Wristy-hand', MacCongl. 77.22 . ¤échtach: Mac Lugach [lámechtach], Acall. 227 . re Lúghaidh lámhéachtaicc Lágha, Flower Cat. 401.z . ¤ḟíal: ó C[h]orc . . . lāimhf[h]īal, Ériu ix 177.4 . ¤ḟind: Lugóir . . . lámfind, LL 2428. As n. pr. Láimhḟionn is Lámhghlas, Keat. ii 523 . ¤ḟota: is hé . . . leithinchind lamfota, TBC-LL¹ 5400. In n.pr. Lug(aid) Lámḟota: airemh Logha Lamhfoda for na Fomhoraibh, TBC St. 570. As nickname: Osbrit lamfota, BDD 116 . ¤gel: Lughach laimgheal, Duan. F. ii 72 § 22. Fiachaidh láimh-gheal, ML 86.24 . ¤garb: Mani L., RC xiv 426.10 = xxiv 276.16 . ¤gerrtha: laochraidh láimh-ghearrtha, TSh. 6610 . ¤glan: a degmic lāmglain Lūachāin, BColm. 50.17 . ¤glas: Láimhḟionn is Lámhghlass, Keat. ii 523 . ¤grod: go lámh-ghrod dian, Oss. iv 132.22 . ¤idan: d'Aengus Laimhiodhan, Anecd. ii 37 § 2 . ¤licthe: nadh bi lamlicthi (of a food-rent), O'Curry 880 ( H 3.18, 393b ). ¤nertmar: go m-biadh sé láimhneartmhar go leor, Oss. iii 268.19 . ¤rúad: Lugaid Lamruad, RC xx 136.24 . ¤thapaid: ina laem loinrech lasamain lamthapaid, Ann. Conn. 1256.6 . go leidhmheach lámhtapaidh, AFM vi 2072.15 . ¤thenn: fear láimh-theann, Oss. iv 110.2 . ad lamchara laímhtheanna . . . bar trenmilídh, BB 419a25 .

With vb. gaibid in artificial formation: nondalámgaba gl. mancipare, Ml. 43a2 .

lámostae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lámostae or dil.ie/29536

adj io, iā (lámos) gl. manus manul[e]atus, Sg. 60a1 .

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