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1 báire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 báire or dil.ie/5225

io n

(a) course, progress: is gnāth la Fland, lāthar n-āne, / bāre sech a dīne to outstrip his (own) generation (?), Bruchst. 11 § 19. sóiset a mb.¤ dia brath / co tarb nDáire maic F. they turned their course, Metr. Dinds. iii 370.47 . mo bh. tar muir mbarcláin, BS 30.9 . b.¤ baíse wild or wanton course: co tanic mac . . . P. ar a baírí baissi ina ruatur rabarta, BB 430b48 . ina ruathar righmiledh ┐ ina baire baíssi, Stair Erc. 283. Cf. Oliuane / na tarat bari for baís, LL 16480. Of a child's play: ar a bāire baīsi a coimidecht a oide, ML² 13. cnuic áille ar ar hoileadh mé / oirear mo bh.¤ baoise, DDána 88.31 .

cenn báiri goal, destination: is cucainni cenn a báiri it is us he makes for, Sc.M² § 9.5 . rachaidh mé dar mbaileine / mar a bhfuil ceann ar mb.¤ , Magauran 800 . a Moling . . . / gus' tuccus cend mo bhaire towards whom I have directed my course, Anecd. ii 24 § 18 .

(b) goal, aim, object; victory: fácbaid sund fri b.¤ mbil / liac láime cech láech-ḟir, Metr. Dinds. iii 116.99 . bruthmar b.¤ , ii 2.2 . b.¤ breath-ṡoluis gacha bréithre (a prince), MR 108.18 . neach nach tréig b.¤ an bheatha / téid beatha as sáimhe seocha, Dán Dé vii 3 perh. to be assigned to (a). lá b.¤ `Victory Day', PBocht 3.30 . is ruathur ratha, is rót do báre, TBC-LL¹ 5343. a bhuille bh.¤ na mban `master stroke' (to the Blessed Virgin), PBocht 13.45 . buailfidh Dia a bhuille bh.¤ , 3.1 .

(c) game of hurling; goal: búaid ṁb. ┐ immana, TBC-LL¹ 971. ros fuc (sc. in liathróit) dar brúach ṁbaire uadib, 904 . ag imirt an bh.¤ , Oss. iii 118.4 . ar mhachaire an bh.¤ , ZCP v 211. 253 (Mid. Court). ar gcur bh.¤ having scored a goal, DDána 105.6 . ro chuiris an b.¤ trí huaire ar Chairbre, Oss. iii 56.19 .

v (d) With beirid.

(i) directs one's course (attack), proceeds, sets out: nima rucsam ar mbaire / nima lodmair sec Lere, CS 136.13 (an. 827 ). iss ed ruc a báre . . . co rígu Sparte, LL 31293 ( TTr. 477 ). beiridh baíri mbruthmar . . . dochum na debhtha, 405bz 0 . i dtráth beirthe an bh.¤ at the moment of attack, DDána 48.29 . Fig. monúar ámh nach daoinleith ro iomáinset ┐ do bertsat a mb.¤ , Hugh Roe² 264.20 . Cf. AFM v 1860.6 .

(ii) wins, gains the victory: gach āen 'ga mbīa in marbnad-si, / budh hē bērus an bāiri, ZCP xiii 17.28 . in fer . . . / beirios b. ar cach cuaini, SG 61.10 . ní rugamar an b.¤ ar a chéile, Oss. iii 118.7 (Tór. Dh.). rug b.¤ ar gach aonlocht hí, DDána 32.5 . gnaoi Rōisi ag breith bhāire, O'R. Poems 973.

With other vbs.: mo lic láimhe / . . . / bid breo brisfeas báiri, Manners and Customs ii 280. n. ar mbuadugad cacha b.¤ ┐ ar maidem cacha mórchoscair, MR 244.21 . dias do maoidh baire um Berbha, LL 394.5 .

dúan

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dúan or dil.ie/18966

Forms: dúain, duan

n ā, f. Later oft. dúain. a s. also duan, MacCarthy 408.434 .

Song, poem , general term for a verse composition intended to be recited or sung, usually of more than one stanza (rann); each of the 150 divisions of SR is called a duan (prose notes follg. l. 7788 and 8016). In BB 307b19f. ( MacCarthy 138 ) perh. stanza: is lāntomus duaine in Debide fota `the Long D. is the full measure of a stanza'. rann ar gach duain . . . duain ar gach ollamh d'Éirinn a stanza of every poem . . . a poem for every poet, Content. xxx 23 . duain gil (duan, BB), Todd Nenn. 144 . Duilem na ndulgeine | da ndealbam duain to whom I frame a song, ZCP viii 199 . ón ló do delbus in dúain, Ériu ii 168 . dorónus dóibh dua[i]n mbinn mbairdne, ACL iii 296 . oc cormaim gaibtir duana poems are chanted, Thes. ii 295 (SP v). da tí aes dána sin crích . . . co rop siat a duana sain ┐ a dréchta gabtair ar tús i nEmain, TBC-LL¹ 1156 . do ghabh duana ┐ dreuchta ┐ deagh-dhánta a sean ┐ a sinsear dí, Oss. iii 48 . o thair in duain do gabail `when the recitation of the poem is finished', Laws v 212 Comm. rocan in fili in duansa deis-creidmigh, MacCarthy 408 . cionnus chanfam duain an Tighearna, TSh. 6361 (= canticum, Psalms cxxxvi 4 ). sheinnios D. duan ┐ degcheol dō, SG 277 . tallus luag mo duane de, Metr. Dinds. i 52 . do chuingid duaisi duaine, Acall. 5489 . dúas ar nduana (for d.¤, v.l.), ACL iii 296 § 44 . cenél Fermac . . . deig-reic a nd.¤ ní dimain, BB 188b27 . Sathgel caem dar deimin d.¤ who was sure of a song (i.e. of praise of bards), 189a2 . roindis duana da n[d]eig-righ, 10 . amail rustuirim M. i mbrollach duaine Flainn, Lec. 38b19 . dūnta for nd.¤ decid lib, | a aes in dana dlighthig, Auraic. 2183 . dūnait curpu d.¤ , 2210 . dosgēn fēin raduain a rrig I will compose them a mighty song for their king, Ériu vii 219 . bās righ na raduan, MacCarthy 422 . as é do chum na dúanta senchasa so i ndán díreach, AFM vi 2320 . duain naoimhsheanchais, Keat. iii 749 . iomad do dhuantaibh nó do dhántaibh, i 90 . ag déanamh duan don tsluagh dá ngríosadh, Keat. Poems 1560 . ? a-tá uan liom ag ar bhfoghnamh, | d.¤ liom do lomradh gach laoi Thy shearing is my daily song, Aithd. D. 70.10 (? leg. dual, note).

Compds. ¤abb `song-abbot', poet , LL 11a4 = BB 34a2 ( ZCP xiii 363.8 ). ¤bairdne one of the four divisions of bairdne, IT iii 6 . ¤gleo: Aildergdoit rogab 'na diaigh | di bliadain déc tria duaingliaidh contest of song (?), Lec. 51a23 . ¤grinn: dareis Diarmata d. of the pleasant songs, ZCP ix 466 ( Rawl. 165b23 ). ¤grith: i nduangreathaib, IT iii 90 . ¤ḟial: Mendraige Dairbre duanḟéil generous to poetry, Metr. Dinds. ii 46 . ¤ marbnad an elegy or threnody: duanmharbhnadh a mhna, O'Gr. Cat. 574 . ¤mebair: atchiu maidm ar mórṡluagaib, | noco lem nach d., LL 48a32 = duainmiobair, SG 373 . ¤molad panegyrical poetry: lethat Tuadmuman . . . sloinnfet tre d. dōib, Ériu ii 50 . ar dhuasaib duan-mholta, AFM vi 1906 . ¤oirfided singing songs: cruitirecht ┐ d., BB 464b30 . ¤timna a testament in verse, BNnÉ 273 § 245 .

marb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. marb or dil.ie/31569
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: máirm, mairb, moírb, mairm, marbh

adj o, ā. adj. and subst. g s m. máirm, LU 5327 = mairb, TBC-I¹ 851. n p m. moírb, Wb. 11b11 . mairm, LU 3478 ( SCC 25 ). marbh (o, m. subst.), IGT Dec. § 96.

(a) dead; (subst.) a dead person; mortal; in religious lit. often fig. in sense either mortified, insensible, or spiritually dead . Transl. Lat. mortuus, Wb. 3b6 , 4a6 , Ml. 49c6 , etc. amal da marb i n-adnacul two dead persons in a grave, Wb. 20c26 . esseírge inna n-uile m.¤ , 13d16 . asreracht Crist hó marbaib, 13b12 . m.¤ cen anmain, TBC-LL¹ 1571. duine m.¤ hi curp beo, PH 8382. praind do tomailt la m.¤ hi tig with a dead man in the house, Mon. Tall. § 65. bit lia ar mairb oldáte ar mbí, FB 5. at marbu (= marba) anmanda na n-uli doíne, PH 2386. doraga do mess for bíu ┐ marbu, 3633 . dob'i sidhe cēd-marbh Erenn diob the first of them to die in Ireland, Leb. Gab.(i) i 74. lá féile na marb All Souls' day , AFM iv 1084.15 . cisde na marbh a coffin , Eg. Gl. 116.

(a 1) dying; on the point of death; lifeless, unconscious : ┐ se marb 'sin glind 'and he dying' PMLA lvi 940 . grech muíce mairbe 'das Geschrei einer sterbenden Sau' IT iii.1 104 § 201 , Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919, 545 n. 3 . dorala sain [sic leg.] marb di muaid móir ... ri ré cían, TBC-LL¹ 4285, 4436 . in liaig marb ... berti robad, TBC(C) 2415 . do thuit féin ... ┐ ba marb hé asa aithli acht gé dho éirig arís, CF² 1338 .

(b) used idiomatically with poss. pron.: is mo beo ragas . . . ┐ mo m.¤ fócebthar icon dún I shall be left behind dead, TBC-LL¹ 1224 , cf. 1251 , 1332 . co tabrad a m.¤ ar(a) beolu a brathar he was carried dead, TBC-I¹ 1637. conid a mm.¤ tarraid talam a nónbur (= the nine of them fell dead to earth), FB 84. co riacht a m.¤ dochum talman, TTébe 2855 (= co riacht marbh, Eg.).

(c) with cop. often as periphrasis for vb. to die: conid i ngiallnus is m.¤ Fiachna so that F. died as a hostage, RC xxiv 182.23 (cf. Lat. mortuus est). dochoidh co Ferta . . . conadh [ann] is marbh, ZCP xiii 173.17 . bid m.¤ tussa fén anocht thou shalt die, PH 298. ba m.¤ Lugaid a chetoir oca descin, died immediately on beholding her, Ériu v 212.2 . conid and robo m.¤ , iii 136.37 . cid c'ait bud m.¤ wherever he might die, Fen. 136.12 . Cf. similar use of Welsh marw. As pass. of vb. marbaid: gommo m.¤ laiss cu Caulaind C.'s hound was killed by him, IT i 140.16 . nir ba m.¤ mac ria athair . . . ocaind riam no son was ever killed by his father among us, Alex. 881 (but prob. we should read with R. riana athair = no son ever died before his father). innis dó Cú Ch. do beth marbh d'feraibh Éirenn, Comp. CC 115.22 ( Med. and Mod. Ir. Ser. iii ). With ellipse of cop.: m.¤ de chumaid a oenmic, MacCarthy 144.5 . Gand, Genand, marba de thám, 150 § 2. marba na caírig do brith a n-úan, LL 218b15 ( TTr. 112 ). marbh Cusantin iartain, BNnÉ 303 § 13.

(d) Of inanimate things and fig.: is m.¤ mo guth exhausted , SCC 29. an linn mh.¤ stagnant pool , RC xxiv 375.7 . is dearbh gur tír mharbh tír gan tighearna, Maguires of F. § 88. gráin mharbh ` deadly ', O'Gr. Cat. 532.5. fer na pairilis[e] mairbe deadly, fatal , RC xii 334 § 25. m.¤ na pesde the monster's corpse, BCC § 321.

Compds.

(a) with noun, used in various technical legal terms (often oppd. to beo-): ¤bél: fer mar[b]beil (one who cannot plead for himself), Laws v 252.28 Comm. ¤coirpdire ` dead-body-fine', fine for a fatal injury (oppd. to beo-c., imposed for an injury not causing death), Laws v 434.13 Comm. ; Cóic Con. 55 § 124. ¤crod ` dead stock', property of the dead , Laws v 430.26 ; ` carcasses of the cattle ', i 300.2 Comm. ¤dil ` dead chattels' i.e. inanimate possessions (oppd. to beo-d. `live stock'), Laws ii 288.3 . marbdili ┐ beocethra, 258.5 . beodil ┐ marbdile, Corm. Y 531. trí bí focherdat marbdili (i.e. cattle shedding their horns, a wood its leaves, cattle their fell), Triads 105. ¤dílse ` dead property ': mairbdilsi .i. ni dobeir nech fri hudacht .i. fri bas; no mairbdilsi .i. dilsi do na hetar fuasnad tre bithu betha, H 3.18 p. 392 ( O'Curry 871 ), i.e. either property bequeathed at death, or property permanently alienated in mortmain. im ard [leg. ord] manach marbdilsi (.i. inni ēm ordaiter do dilsi leisin manach marb), Laws v 498.4 , 16 . ¤folad ` dead wealth': is cach feistidh fiach frisgni marbfolta nó is é gnías tagra iman folaid agartar for in marb, O'Dav. 896 = claims on a dead man's estate? ¤gabáil f. a death-due , apparently a duty levied on tenants after their chief's death by his successor in order to pay to the church the `cennaithe' of the deceased (Plummer MS. slips). Laws i 184.5 , 20 fg. m. .i. bai gaibter onn cheili do chomarba na flatha mairbe, H 3.18 p. 371a ( O'Curry 799 ). Perhaps same as: togbail marbtha, Laws ii 118 n . ¤maicne, see maicne. ¤ maín f.: di nach marbmuin ` death-benefits ', Laws ii 272.15 (glossed: cin maine dō on marb-sin). ¤manchaine f. see maicne and manchaine. ¤riar f. food-dues paid in dead cattle (Laws Gloss.): ` service due to chief after his death, such as attending his funeral , etc.' O'Don. Sup. deich mbeoriara ┐ secht mairbriara do flaith fo irgiallna: aen mairbriar ┐ secht mbeoriara do flaith cuitrig, H 3.17, c. 415 ( O'D. 510 ).

In other compds. meaning variously dead, pertaining to the dead, inanimate: ¤alt ` death-dirge ', Metr. Dinds. iii 50.3 . ¤cích: athgabail dingbala meic dia marbchich a mathar from his dead mother's breast, Laws i 226.33 . ¤cnaí ` dead fleece', covering of the dead: im marbchnai n-armaige `for stripping the slain', Laws i 174.30 , glossed: in cnai bis dar in marb, 176.20 ; a woollen shroud , Loth, RC xliii 407. ¤cró (crú) blood of a dead person, gore: o marbcru, Laws i 140.31 Comm. ¤dúil f. a lifeless thing: aitteoch frit cech beothach . . . atteoch frit cech marbduil, ZCP viii 232 § 9. bennacht . . . for a mbéoduil ┐ a marbdhuil, iv 242.25 (leg. -dil for -duil?). na marbduile cen dliged cen tuicsi, PH 3368. ¤édáil f. lifeless booty: mairbedala mora ┐ capaill do thabairt leo, AU ii 456.23 . AFM iv 896.18 . ¤fásc swathings of a corpse , see Eg. Gl. 362. Dinneen . Frequent in Mod.Ir. imprecation: marbh-ḟáisg ort! ¤gein (<gein birth, child?): as npr. m. Mairbgein mac Mogha Ruith, Anecd. ii 77.2 . ¤lia f. a grave-stone , Metr. Dinds. iv 94.36 . ¤linn f. a standing pool: in mairblind, YBL 83b16 . ¤nath see marbnad . ¤uisce stagnant water , ACL iii 248.10 . Auraic. 1321.

(b) with adj. formed from noun: ¤craidech faint-hearted , RC xix 122 § 86. marbhlamach having a withered arm , BNnÉ 296.8 .

marbnad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. marbnad or dil.ie/31582

Forms: marbna, marbnadh, -nath, -nad, -nat, marbhnuidh, -naith, -nuid, -nuit, marbhna

n ā, f., (marb + nath), later marbna. marbnadh, -nath, -nad, -nat, IGT Dec. § 12.20 . marbhnuidh, -naith, -nuid, -nuit, § 13.5 . marbhna, § 3 . An elegy, a threnody: ro chan in m.¤ -sa ic sádud na cloiche fil for a lige, LL 44b43 . dorinne in marbnadh so, TBC-LL¹ 4460 St. mac ind Fháthlega dia ndernad in marbnaid erdraicc, MacCongl. 91.26 . hi marbhnaidh Cuimine Fotæ, Corm. Y 673. ar airmidin molta ┐ marbnaide [marbnada LB] Senáin, ZCP iii 225.2 . ag denum a marbhnaide, AU iii 310.9 . adubairt B. an marbhna bhecc so, Cog. 88.17 . adubhairt an file an mhairbhne a bháis, Maguires of F. § 99. gebhad marbhnaei, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 410.9 . Common as title in bardic poetry.

nath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. nath or dil.ie/32997

Forms: nath, natha, natha, nath, —anna

n [m. and f.] gend. and decl. doubtful; as neut., n s. nath n-airec fordarc, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 16.6 ( LL 315b61 ); masc. acc. to Auraic. 839 : is e in nath, is i in laid; as fem. ā-st.: cen ógnaith, Metr. Dinds. iv 150.52 , cf. g s. cacha natha, O'Dav. 566 = cacha [gach v.l.] nath, 476 , and see citation from H 2.15A, 80a below. g s. natha. n p. natha. g p. nath.

A poetical composition ,

(a) in strict technical use a species of poem which was the special province of the `anruth' or poet of the sixth grade and of which there were several varieties variously named (see IT iii 164 ; Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 24 ). dona secht n-altaib .i. anamain, nath, anair, etc., Auraic. 1578. nath ┐ anair, Laws v 58.7 . coig ba ar nath, ib. 9 , cf. O'Dav. 566. pl. natha anruith, IT iii 59 § 112. is hi fogluim na seised bliadna .i. .lxxx. nath mor ┐ .lxxx. becc, 38 § 25 . O'Mulc. 537.

(b) in lit. generally a poem in wide sense: náth ainm coitc[h]end dona huilib aistib ēicsi[d]ib, Corm. Y 982. nath .i. ainm do cach uili aisde, Lec. Gl. 34 , cf. 197 . nath .i. ainm coitcheann don uile aisde ealadhna, O'Cl. taithmet Fiadat ferr cech nath better than any poem, Hy. v 94 , glossed .i. ferr cech filidecht T, .i. cech dána F ( Thes. ii 348 ). as inann lógh ar cach nath, cibsi nath, H 2.15A p. 80a ( O'D. 1196 ). ná biad hÉriu cen ógnaith `without perfect song', Metr. Dinds. iv 150.52 . cuirmtech cen aes natha, H 3.18 p. 267b ( O'Curry 545 ). luagh natha do gach fer creath (.i. eladna), ZCP v 486 § 10 (B. na f.). ? geim coscuir grisuib nada with incitements to song (?), ZCP xiii 264.1 . fir denma drecht ┐ nath, RC xiv 412 § 25. ba neartmhaire nath ar nasc dom réir the power of poetry was bound to my service, Ó Bruad. ii 26.18.

(c) in special sense of elegy, threnody ? nath .i. marbnad , Lec. Gl. 356. Cf. ní gann in nath ós a cind `the dirge over her head', Metr. Dinds. ii 10.16 (reading doubtful).

In mod. lang. used for a cant word or phrase, adage, saying, P. O'C. , Dinneen (pl. —anna), see 2 nathan.

Compds. ¤bairdne one of the four main divisions of `bairdne', IT iii 6 § 4 ( ¤bairdni). ¤breth f. lit. ` nath-judgement'; used as generic term for the compositions of the `anruth': nathbretha anruith, IT iii 31 § 1 (L = adbretha B). ¤cobair f. ` song-help '; as epithet: leo nithach nathchobir cathchobair, IT iii 39.3 (= Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 17.2 ), i.e. one who supplies themes for song (or a patron of poetry?).

With adj. nathbuadach victorious (? renowned) in song , ZCP viii 307.9 . See also cétnad s.v. dechnad, marbnad , sennath, sétnad.