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3 co

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 co or dil.ie/9788
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: co, co, co n-, cu, có, go, gar, ɔrici, coni, con(n)á, connar, co-ndum-fel, conom, condidtuctis, conidtuccid, conid, condin-roirea, Condubtanicc, condibfeil, con-da-r-íccad, conda-tuárgabusa

conjunction (a use of 1 co, GOI 554 ). There are two forms, co, leniting, with abs. and deut. forms of follg. vb. ( co chutrummaigidir, Ml. 25c12 ; co du-fess, 44a9 ); and co n-, conj. part. See GOI 145 , 299 , 312 . Also cu, Ml. 89d16 , 139a14 , có, 142a1 . In later lang. go (gur), gar, Mac Aingil 4671 etc. See Blathm. 26 note . co n- freq. abbreviated ɔ in earlier lang. even where nasalizing n would not normally appear, e.g. ɔrici, Wb. 33b18 , ɔticfad, TBC-LL¹ 963 . Somet. even with con in full: con ropu, Ml. 67c9 . Cf. ɔṅdárbastar, Sg. 211a10 . See GOI 554 , TBC-LL¹ p. 1099 . Neg. of co is coni ( coní, Sg. 209b13 ), of co n- con(n)á etc. ( GOI 539 ). connar bo, TBC-LL¹ 2548 . go nach beath, DDána 74.68 . With inf. pron. ( GOI 258 ). 1 s. co-ndum-fel, Wb. 3c38 . condomarrgabad sa, 17d14 . conom thicisea except me, LU 8368 ( FB 24 ). 3 s. m. n. condidtuctis, Wb. 21c21 . conidtuccid, 11 . conid chuale, Ml. 20a2 . 1 p. condin-roirea, Wb. 29b16 . 2 p. Condubtanicc, Wb. 5c10 . condibfeil, 24c4 . 3 s. f. and 3 p. con-da-r-íccad, 4d19 . conda-tuárgabusa, 26d10 . an frim céin córda sille, LU 3907 ( SCC 37 ). conda tucsa, Fraech 278 . For forms with copula see 1 is (I 307.61, 310.9 , 39 , 311.44 , 312.45, 313.4, 16, 21, 49, 65, 314.22, 33, 315.11, 23, 65 , 317.76, 318.58, 319.12, 63, 75, 320.48, 83 321.3 etc.).

On usage see GOI 342 , 554 ff. (possible difference in meaning between co and co n-; co rare outside O. Ir. glosses, see Translator's Note no. 197).

1 With indic. so that, and (consecutive): co gl. quo (. . . fatetur), Ml. 130c22 . con fri fuili foichliter, Bretha 25 . con[n]á heisedar, Críth G. 176 . ɔricub-sa cucuib `so that I shall come unto you', Wb. 32a27 . ɔarrceoratar a n-arma doib gl. ut doficerat eis quod in nos torquere possint, Ml. 26d6 . is co durogabsat, 108a6 . tremi-berar . . . conid ainm dun chrunn, Wb. 8a5 . ɔaich rann so that it is not, Sg. 212a6 . ar a coitcinne na cladh sa gu nach urasa cín dagra for a tigernaib, Laws iv 222.1 Comm. ɔruptar fadirci ind usci Ml. 40d16 . connar bo leír, TBC-LL¹ 2548 . With vb. of motion forming prep. phrase: téit co téit isa teach he goes into the house, BDD² 280 . ránic C. co mbuí hi faichchi na Bruidne came to, 507 . táncatar . . . co mbátar i ndorus etc., Sc.M² 5 . With as-beir introducing direct speech: mná . . . do gabāil chepóce . . . co n-ērbrat saying, Sc.M² 20 . atgládastar . . . B. co n-epert, LU 8235 ( FB 18 ). con-erbairt = dicens, Lat. Lives 1.4 . Freq. with copula and personal form of prep.: conid airi so that that is why, Sg. 189b2 . conid and atá otharlige a chind and that is where, RC iii 182.5 . conid and atbert c.¤ , 178.27 . conid de atá . . . whence is, 181.36 (cf. conid iarsin, y). conid de ro ainmniged . . . , Fraech 107 . Similarly: conid innisin . . . sin so that that is the story, TBC-LL¹ 1388 . co n-id di-a deoin dochoid, PH 2374 . As mere sentence-connective: robo trom tra la Moingḟind an ni sin, co n-ebairt fria macaib . . . , RC xxiv 194.25 . luid . . . co mbensom, LU 4907 (historic pres. rare in this use, GOI 331 ). luidseom . . . co tubart a láim tairrsiu, BDD² 141 . lasin donic ingabuir chuci corragaib mīr assathóib and took, RC iii 184.31 . dotaet . . . C. do tsiriud in dithruibh cetna, co riacht in tobur and he reached the spring, vi 175.28 . ro selaig C. . . . co tarat . . . co ragaib . . . co toracht, LU 8460 - 1 ( FB 31 ). Cf. loech foltfind lebar co mbeanad folt braine a da imda whose hair reached, etc., RC xxiv 184.6 . For stereotyped co cloth ní introducing rhetorics ( LU 5449 etc.) see Celtica vii 79 ff. See also viii 155-60 and Ulidia i 251-53 . See further Celtica ix 117 (as co) 118 (ar co), 133 (mod. mar is fearr go dtiocfaidh leat, etc.).

2 In special consecutive use in `which the subject of the clause is taken out of its logical position, and placed (under the government of the principal verb, though often almost absolutely) before the introductory conjunction and copula' ( PH p. 594 ). See further O'Brien Celtica ii 348 , C. O'Rahilly viii 162 . is rad dée immumforling conda apstal gl. gratia Dei sum id quod sum `God's grace has caused me to be an apostle,' Wb. 13b6 . is di chéin immunrordad condan maicc togu gl. qui praedestinauit nos in adoptionem filiorum, 20d10 . dobrograd condibfeil icorp crist gl. electionem uestram, you have been called to be members of C.'s body, 24c4 . In the follg. exx. rather with explicative force: o du raidhmisiot . . . / iosa com bu thorisi that J. was etc., Blathm. 55 . domuinet sochaide, na hapstail co n-id as cech berla ro-labairset, PH 5485 . is demin cuirp na hesergi co mbat foille, 6746 . atnaigh . . . aichne fair, conar bé A., TE 12 Eg. Similarly perh.: mainba æcne lib act conda anecne gl. ne quis me putet insipientem esse, alioquin velud insipientem accipite me, Wb. 17c10 . [no] ghnathaigeth U. aingel co torraimed indí Pátraic, Trip.² 215 .

3 In quantitative contexts (to the extent) that, (so much so) that: in sí a meit friscomartatar co ndo[d]sitis huili a fide have they offended to the point of falling a fide? Wb. 5b11 . attá diṡeirc la laitnori innangrec co seichetar cid a comroircniu the Latinists are so fond of the Greeks that they imitate even their errors, Sg. 1a2 . ba hé a méit co cathaigtis co corptha na demna frisna doínib, LU 4036 ( SCC 49 ). boí tra dia fot na lamae co rroacht tar na teóra fuithairbe the arm was so long that it reached, 9069 ( FB 82 ). ba he med na dochraidi co mba hecin di . . . , RC xxiv 190.7 .

4 until (with `the indicative or subjunctive according to the character of the sentence as a whole', GOI 555 and cf. 330 ). With pres. ni ib fínn combi mescc gl. non uinolentum, Wb. 28b24 . co mbí, Críth G. 83 . co ndichet till he goes, 28 . co roglea dó until he has finished, Mon. Tall. 133.16 . ní rach . . . / don Charraig . . . / taireise go rabh a-rís / damh, Aithd. D. 32.16 . Freq. with verbs of coming to, reaching in prep. phrases, see do-icc, ro-icc (cf. orta co rís in corthe, LU 3334 ), 100.36 . With pret. and perf.: con-dub-tanicc misericordia Dei , Wb. 5c10 . conda-tuárgabusa, 26d10 . co bba till it was, BDD² 12 (for co mba? corbo, D). co nderglē till I made up my mind, Sc.M² 4 . asbertatar . . . co comarsatis in dá adnacul . . . ní comroicfed . . . , Airne F. 148 . In later lang. also with fut.: gearr go mbia, DDána 26.8 . See cotá.

5 As connective marking subordination after verbs of saying and in various other contexts that (with subj., later also condit. and indic.): a n-asberid a Iudeu coni cloitis geinti tairchital Crist, 5a8 . as n-é tairrchet . . . combad adramail in macc conróbad écoscc a cheneóil fair, 6d6 . nád chumaing aranísar and coní enggnatar gníma, Sg. 209b13 . ? is écen ɔṅdárbastar, 211a10 . coní ecmi nád n-airchissa act is co arcessea (it happens) that he does spare, Wb. 5b35 . atbertsat . . . co leicfitis, LU 9023 ( FB 77 ). forairngert-sa . . . co ragad méla . . . fort, TBC-LL¹ 647 . dá mbeath go dtuillinn, Aithd. D. 95.13 . do fhóbair go ndearnainn dearmad, 38.16 . tuig . . . go raibhe . . . , TSh. 22 . go dtarla . . . gur mhionuigh ┐ gur bhris, 59 . ó ataoi dall . . . 's gar mían leat etc., Mac Aingil 4671 . gar cōir dhuit etc. (title), 1033 . toingim-se . . . co ná fil, Ériu iv 98.10 . ní mōr go mbui ar comus dōip `they were scarcely able', Fl. Earls 88.12 . As connective particle in ar eagla go, do bhríogh go etc., see TSh. tre go bhfuighedis, Luc. Fid. 3269 .

6 In O. Ir. with subj. glossing Lat. ut, ne (final): coni gl. (timens) ne, Ml. 22d12 . gl. uti, Sg. 213a5 . ɔrop imdu de duún gl. ut abundet, Wb. 3a12 . co beit amal innahí nad tectat sétchi gl. ut sint, 10b5 . co remifoil gl. ut . . . anticipiet, Ml. 23a8 . co asagnoither gl. ut intelligatur, Sg. 180b2 . commimis less huili gl. ut et mortuorum et uiuorum dominetur, Wb. 6b21 . co ngnemmis gnímu colno gl. ut . . . uiuamus, 4a9 . co fu-crothad .i. co chon-scarad gl. ut . . . cassaret, Ml. 23b14 . có gl. quo (maior . . . prauitas appareret), 29a5 . co gl. quo . . . possint, 74c10 .

7 With subj. so that, in order that. Pres. condib dídnad domsa, Wb. 1b1 . con festar cách gl. scientia, 12c38 . cona roib etarcéin, 26a14 . corbu du reir nach aili labraimme gl. nostro iuri in loquendo, non alieno seruimus imperio, Ml. 31b16 . ni nád ndenam-ni acht is co dugnem, 23c6 . conna dechsam i n-adradu idal, 62d1 . coni taibrea feuchrai fírmessa foraib, 109c14 . mad he herchoiliud cétne persine in sin .i. conibbé dese and, Sg. 199b4 . ɔnábé and, 166a3 . co ti N. do bar n-eadrain `so that N. may come to separate you', RC xxiv 194.26 . tíagsa co n-ardu tenid I'll go and light a fire, BDD² 286 . cid is áil duib . . . co ndernur what do you want me to do ? PH 4414 . congain liom go leanar help me to follow, DDána 2.7 . Impf. co no pridchinn a indocbáil, Wb. 28a7 . combad aurlam cách dia bathis, 8a4 . ɔrobad cech brathair post alium , 34a4 . conaib fir, Ml. 31d9 . confresced in popul á íc, 136d1 . co mbin cosmail fri encu, 91b7 . cinged issin sliab co tabrad fiad `to fetch a deer', Arch. Hib. ii 70 § 5 . oc imchosnum, comtis hé cétnarístais, Airne F. 135 . atbert in ríg, go ructha that he should be brought, PH 1329 . a bhreath don bhoct do-bhire / go nach beath ort oirbhire, DDána 74.68 .

8 With impf. subj. of copula and subst. vb. introducing a tentative or alternative explanation: combad notire rodscribad cosse gl. salutatio mea manu Pauli, up to this point it is no doubt the work of a scribe (an epistle), Wb. 27d16 . co mbad si amser sin rongabthe in salm apparently it was then . . . , Ml. 24d7 . combad ho ṡuidiu iarum pepigi gl. antiqui `pago' . . . dicebant pro `paciscor', and that, presumably, is the origin of, Sg. 181a3 . combed secunda gl. de aliquo habet locutionem, 200a1 . ɔnabeth foraithmet dǽ hi suidiu gl. id non dixit absolute etc., Ml. 22d26 . no, go na beith acht trian and dogres `or, according to others, there is never more than one-third', Laws iv 196. 12 Comm. no guna tuctha acht einní dib do gach thir, 162 note (Comm.). no comad a cáer . . . no ásad, Airne F. 55 .

9 In wishes (see Murphy Lyrics p. 255 ): conarbera dam . . . fri M. `say to M. for me', Mon. Tall. 150.7 . gurab tu ar comairge, Ériu i 122.24 . co rop é in læch . . . may he be the warrior . . . , TBC-LL¹ 1151 . go roibh linn . . . / . . . banaltra thrí dtighearna, DDána 9.1 tocht id leith gur mheala mé, 25a.25 . Perh. also: conná' musnágat may they not fear each other, LU 9091 ( FB 84 ).

10 With prec. conj. forming compound conjunctions. See 1 acht (A 21.59), 1 ara (A 372.12, 24 etc.), cen (114.78), 2 cía (170.85), cían (180.39), dáig (D 19.44), dochum (D 229.60 ), indas (I 218.42). For use with prec. neg. adv. see nícon (N 45.79, 46.4, 11).

11 After positive, compar. or super. adj. used adverbally: mar is lúaithe co tairnig, Maund. 38 § 57 . marus ferr co fetfaitis, RC xix 26 § 19 . luaithiu con-rānic Maelodrān, Fing. R. 1023 . cid lúath condránic in gilla, LL ii 8791 .

12 After ocus (generally introducing different subject): dotháet Findabair assind uisciu. & facbaid in claideb i llaim Fraech. ┐ co mben a chend den míl, LL v 33282 . dobert Cu Chulaind side da ṡaigid ┐ co topacht a chend de, iv 23220 . delbaid a richt cacha fírcharat etir ḟir ┐ mnai fos, ┐ co léiceann cach a rún ria, Acall. 5680 .

5 de

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 5 de or dil.ie/14791
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: de, dé, dæ, de, -de

prep -te, -ti added to comparatives, corresponding in sense to Lat. eo, Eng. the. Identical with 1 de, di from it, because of it. In Oir. still treated as an independent word and always written de ( dé, Wb. 22 d 2 ; dæ, Ml. 90 a 11 = de); in Mid.-Ir. wholly enclitic and written together with the comparative, the unaspirated, now intervocalic, -d- according to the rules of spelling being written -t-: córaite (Oir. córu de). -d slender at all phases of the language and never discarded (Quiggin's explanation of `a chách,' Quiggin Vorton. Wörter 34 , is wrong). Its place is immediately after the comparative, only exceptionally separated from it by an enclitic word as Ml. 23 d 23 : [im]mi ardu ni de; ib. 83 b 11 : bid étrummu doib de.

In certain points the Mid.-Ir. usage diverges from Oir. In the Glosses -de is used proleptically, referring in a general way to a cause which follows introduced by the prep. di or trí, e.g.:

A robtar erdarcu de dind ulc doratad forru they were the more famous for the evil that was inflicted on them Ml. 47 a 18 . airmi ardu ni de tri dul isna lucu arda for we are the higher for going into high places ib. 23 d 23 . is huilliu de mo ḟreiscsiu do (= di) neuch rorádis su, Thes. ii 2. 34 .

.

B (di, tri + vn. + gen.) conid étrummu dæ in bochtae...tri frescissin messa fíriéin ind ríg doib iarum so that the poverty is the lighter through their expectation of the just judgment of the king afterwards Ml. 90 a 11 . is moltaidiu de tri tabairt fortachtan cid du neuch nachidáirilli it is the more praiseworthy through giving help even to one who does not deserve it ib. 84 c 13 . ( LU 60 a 38 fri seems used in a similar way: rafetammár ém in gilla sin ┐ ní messaite fria fis is dalta dún.)

— In Mid.-Ir. the prepositional expression was completely abandoned. The usage is illustrated by the following examples.

A corresp. to A above: is moti a pian som cach olc dorónsat their suffering is the greater for the evil they have committed LU 33 b 3 . ba nertiti leis a menma na scéla adfiadar dó in gilla, SCC § 20 . is córaiti hí a fromad ima hairigthib it is the more fit for having been tested Laws ii 252. 12 . ferrdi re fer na haicdi a bith urrlum the owner of the article is the better pleased for its being ready ib. ii 414. 23 . Cf. i 152. 23 ; ii 88. 5 ; iii 418. 5 . finnaid dún in líon atám. ni meisde nech uaib a rád, Acall. 1101. 6528 . comad móti in pian dó beth beo co fotai isin croich, PH 2439 . rocumbrig Ísu in ernaigthe sea...co mbad erusaite do chách a mebrugud a beth cummair that it should be the easier to remember to every one for being short ib. 7862 .

B corresp. to B above: ni mescaiti hé in lind dól he is none the more intoxicated for having drunk the ale Laws iii 202. 6 (Oir. † ní mescu de dóul (or di óul) ind lenno dó, RC xxxvii 218 ). is bindide sian na bó a laeg do légan lé the bellowing of the cow is the more melodious for her calf being left with her ib. v 62. 19 . ib. 20 , 27 ; 40. 10 . i 138. 4 f.b. ropo móde in firt sa do dénam it was the greater for the working of this miracle (note on Broccán's Hymn), Thes. i 346. 21 . conid móti éstither riu immad erlabra do dénum that the more attention would be paid them for their much speaking PH 7840 . ni feirrde neach bás súaiṁneach dḟaghbháil ara leabaidh dhó, TSh. 236. 10 .— Sg. 2 a 7 : bith má de do buith daitsiu hi coimthecht oco it will be the greater for thy being associated in it, does not represent the Mid.-Ir. type, as do is not the possessive but the prep. di.

Often corresponding to preceding cach + subst.: cach mét donóir ṡægalta i mbía nech is móiti a guasacht the more a person possesses of worldly honour the greater his danger YBL 167 b 32 . cach airdi bias in torad bid trumaidi a thuindseom ac toitim the higher the fruit...the heavier ib. 167 b 35 ; but Mod.-Ir: dá aoirde an toradh iseadh is truime , &c. Already Laws iii 420. 3 f.b. : cach codnaidetu i mbia fer inmuillti is indligthiti cú. cach éccodnatu i mbia fer inmuillti is dligthechaiti cú the more sensible...the more unlawful, &c.

With multiplicatives: áibinniti fo deich ten times as beautiful LL 151 b 1 f.b. áigthidiu de, áigthidite the more dreaded : arimp áigthidiude, Wb. 23 d 23 . ansu de, ansaite the heavier , eo gravius: air is ansu de a dothaim mani airissedar ind lám fri talmain occo, Ml. 131 b 4 . curap andsati (v.l. ánsude), Trip. 218. 20 . ardu de, ardaite the higher : cia thés hi loc bes ardu ní ardu de, Ml. 23 d 23 . airtem .i. airdiu de indem a eiṁ fair, Laws ii 240. 1 . armad ardiu crand is móide co mór benaid na gætha fris the higher a tree is the more do the winds beat against it YBL 167 b 32 . roimpá form Finnachta ní ba airdite a ḟine, LL 308 a 22 . assu de, usaite the easier : is assu de tabairt in ferso huachtaraig, Ml. 107 c 16 . usaite le in torad dogní ó láim inn [f]uath ledb ina fiadnaisi, Laws i 152. 23 . comad usaidi do bidbaid a fagail (sc. the debts), ib. iii 152. 13 . ussaite, Fél.² xxxii 34 . bindiu de, bindite the sweeter : is bindide sian na bó a laeg do légan le, Laws v 62. 19 . buidechu de, budigiu de, budechaiti the more satisfied: tabar in deired fledi do mathib Lochlainne corop budechaiti iat, CRR 20. 8 . calmu de, calmaite the braver : is nertmairite┐ is calmaite in menma daenna, PH 4801 . córu de, córaite the more proper : is córaiti hi a fromad ima hairigthib it is the more fit for having been proved by its tests Laws ii 252. 12 . dánu de, dánaite the more audacious : co mbad dánaite tísad diabul dia aimsiugud, PH 4781 . deccru de the harder : deacraide, TSh. 257. 26 . BS 54. 10 . deissiu de: deiside the nicer, &c. P. O'C. 1531 . dligthigiu de, dligthigite , dligthechaiti the more lawful : cach éccodnatu i mbia fer inmuillti is dligthechaiti cú, Laws iii 420. 1 f.b. dligthidiu de, dligthite the more lawful : cach codnaidetu i mbia fer inmuillti is indligthiti cú, ib. 420. 2 f.b. Cf. dligite, indligite in the corresp. passage, ib. 198. 17 sq.; but dlighthighi, ii 202. 6 , dlithidhe, iii 524. 2 do not, as Atkinson thinks, contain -de. dóchu de, dóchaite the more likely : dochaite in gním do dénum dó uair adeir it is more likely that he has committed the deed for he says so Laws iii 110. 3 f.b. Lism. L. 390 b . Anecd. ii 36 § 21 . Bor. 105 . dochaidi, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 332. 15 . dothíde, Seanchaint 205 . doilgiu de, doilgite the more difficult: anscuiche .i. is doilgiti a scuchad...ó bias fola lánlóige and, Laws iii 12. 19 . duibiu de the blacker : duibhide, P. O'C. 1531 . dúthrachtachu de, -taigite the more zealous, earnest : cumad dúthrachtaigite dobérmaisne ár menmain inár nernnaigthi, PH 7849 . erdarcu de, erdarcaite the more famous Ml. 47 a 18 , quoted above. erusu de, erusaite the easier: co mbad erusaite do chách a mebrugud a beth cummair, PH 7862 . essamnu de, essamnaite the more fearless: it essamnu de ar rofitetar is, &c., Wb. 23 b 12 . étrummu de, étrumaite the lighter Ml. 90 a 11 , quoted above. dia tartaid si fortachtain doib som bid étrummu doib de, ib. 83 b 11 . ferr de the better : ciarud-chualatar ilbélre ┐ cenuslabratar nípat ferr de, Wb. 12 d 28 . bieid [ní ?] bes ferr de, ib. 32 a 13 . cumad ḟearrde áith that its strength might be the better Laws ii 240. 6 . acht ferrdi re fer na haicdi a bith urrluṁ the owner of the article is the better pleased for its being ready ib. 414. 23 . is feardi in fear sin na dána sin do chindemain aigi, v 20. 27 . nír bo measaiti seom ┐ níbot ferdi sio, YBL 112 a 48 . ferrdi a Íssa haithnisi, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 338. 3 . conid ferrde lemsa cech pian fogéb ar ainm ṅDé, PH 2427 . dá mad hé in bith uli dogébtha maille re díth tanma cá bud ḟerrde dosin, ib. 7582 . ní ferrde le Find féin scél do dénam fair, Acall. 5358 . fíriánu de the more righteous : condid f.d., Wb. 2 a 7 . fotu de the longer : faidite, Acall. 6811 . gairddiu de, gardditi the shorter : gardditi lind éistecht riss mad colléic, LL 96 b 54 . Acall. 6815 . Laws ii 216. 7 . gairdi is used in the same sense as gardditi, cf. siaiti, ib. l. 10 . giliu de the brighter : gilide, P. O'C. 1531 . imdu de, imdaite the more abundant : ut gratia habundet .i. corop imdu de duún, Wb. 3 a 12 . condib imdu de torand inna forgnúso, Sg. 198 a 4 . inducbaidiu de the more glorious : robtar i. de apud deum , Ml. 47 a 18 . irlamu de, urlamaite the readier: omnis autem qui in agone contendit ab omnibus sé abstinet .i. armbad irlamu de don buaith, Wb. 11 a 7 . is bés dósom cosc inna mban i tossug...armbat irlamude ind ḟir fo chumachte Dæi, ib. 22 c 10 . irlithiu de, irlithite the more obedient: armbat irlithiu dé mandatís dei , Wb. 22 d 2 . ísliu de the lower : íslide, Lec. 534 a 11 . lainniu de, laindite the more eager : co mbad laindite leo in forcetul do gabáil do láim, PH 6759 . lemnethu de or slemnethu de the more willing : ardislemnethu de do hícc inna fiach, Wb. 4 a 10 . lethnu de the broader : leithneide, Rel. Celt. i 159. 101 . lia de, liaiteeo plus, eo plures : hóre am essamin se precepte...is lia de creitfess, Wb. 23 b 7 . imurcruidh dáine do thiachtain do chaithiuṁ in bídh célsine uair nocha liauite in biad...cia beth, &c., for the food is not the more plentiful though, &c., Laws ii 28. 17 . luathu de, luathaite the quicker: is airi doníthar in tréiniugadh so orra comad luathaide dosoisdís a féich dḟeichemain toichida, Laws iii 152. 12 . lugu de, lugaiteeo minus : ní lughaiti dlighes in gairi do dénuṁ they are not the less bound to undertake the maintenance Laws ii 192. 5 . noco lugaite smacht ná díre in coma bith indligedh, ib. iii 418. 5 . cé beith nech...noco lugaiti dligus a fochraic díc ris, iv 48. 24 . nuchu lugaidi is grád hé céli do beth aigi, v 40. 10 . dothéged Étáin cach dia dia athreos ┐ ba lugaide a galar som ón do suidiu, TE § 9 LU. rodígaib a thuara ┐ nírbo lugaide a nert Lugdach, Thes. ii 344. 29 . is aire roartraig in taingel hi ṅgné solais in tṡnechta comad lugaiti nobídgtis na banscala riana ḟacsin, PH 3384 . co mbad lugaide, ib. 5207 . (rotescad a tengaid) arái ní lugati dogníd sum forcetul in popuil inní sin, ib. 2549 . scarad cuirp ┐ anma ┐ ni lugaite marus in tanumm, ib. 7480 . mailliu de, maillite the slower : is gnáth mirr do thabairt im chorpaib dóine i nadnocul conid maillite thinaid, PH 7023 . mescu de, mescaite the more intoxicated: noco mescaiti hé in lind dól, Laws iii 202. 6 . messa de, mesaite, meiste, miste the worse. messude, Trip. 218. 9 Eg. mesaidie: cia...nir uó m., IT i 109. 6 . messaite: rafetammar in gillu sin ┐ ní m. fria fis is dalta dún, LU 60 a 38 . mesaite LU 54 a 17 . messaiti, SR 1244 . LL 106 b d . measaiti YBL 112 a 48 . SG 70. 24 . mesaidi FDG. MR 14. 22 . meisti: is m. lóg a roind, Laws iii 462. 17 , 19 .; ib. 478. 24 . mana derntai...bud meisti dáibh, RC xiv 56 . CRR 20 § 14 . cá bud ḟerrdi ┐ cá bud mesti, PH 7582 . ní meisde nech uaib (a rád), SG 118. 25 . miste, ib. 97. 35 . misde: is m. nár bhuan a leithéit, Atlantis iv 226. 4 .—Cf. messa s.v. olc. moltaidiu de the more praiseworthy: is m. d. tri tabairt fortachtan, Ml. 84 c 13 . móo de, móite eo maior, eo maius. móo de, Wb. 2 a 8a . SCC § 10 . mou de, Ml. 53 c 13 . moaide Laws ii 404. 11 . mouite, ii 22. 1 . moaite, ii 202. 1 . mó de, Wb. 29 c 4 . mode, Thes. ii 346. 27 . bith má de eo maius erit Sg. 2 a 7 . maiti, Trip. 114. 22 . cumud móite, Laws ii 22. 17 . noco moite, iii 406. 7 f.b. ba mote, LU 121 b 33 . móti, LL 206 a 21 . PH p. 806 b . bid moti bas trén mo scél, LU 119 b 3 . nucu moiti, Laws ii 414. 2 . móide, ML 40. 9 . moide, Laws ii 88. 5 . moidi, ib. 350. 18 . YBL 158 a 46 ; 167 b 32 .—Cf. mór. nertaidiu de the stronger : nertiti, SCC § 20 . nertmairite the stronger : is nertmairite ┐ is calmaite in menma daenna, PH 4801 . óibindiu de, áibinnite the more beautiful : is áibinniti fo deich, LL 151 b 1 f.b. prapaiti the quicker : comad prapaidi noḟoirbred, Lec. 441 b 35 . sia de, siaite the longer: condib sia de, Sg. 201 b 16 . siaiti, Laws ii 216. 10 . is siaidi a anad, ib. i 282. 43 . siaide, MR 318. 17 . siauite, Laws ii 28. 18 ; 114. 5 . socomlu de, socomlaite the easier : co mbad tṡoccomlaite do Ísu marcachus do dénum, PH 4455 . soimbertu de the more easily plied: bennachais Patraic na iarnu comdar s.d. (v.l. soimberta de), Trip. 218. 21 . soirthiu de, soirthite the easier: s.d. in labrad di, &c., the easier is the pronunciation from, &c., Sg. 15 a 4 . suthnu de, suthnaiti lasting the longer Lec. 441 b 37 . tanu de, tanaite the thinner : á sémigud co mbí tanu de, Ml. 34 a 27 . tressa de, tressaite the stronger : co mbad t.d. hiress apstal do fulung tribulationum, Wb. 25 a 14 . Mid.-Ir. treisidi, TBC-LL¹ 2484 Y. trummu de, trumaite the heavier : trummute, Lism. L. ix 13 LL (trumaidi, Lism.). cach airdi bias in torad bid trumaidi a thuindseom oc toitim, YBL 167 b 34 . tromaide, AFM 1768. 19 . truimite, Acall. 5152 . uilliu de, uillite the greater : Thes. ii 2. 34 . uilliti hé in dá sreith do beth air, Laws i 138. 4 f.b. iv 34. 29 .

MOD. Suffixed to any adjective: ní folláinede madra marbh é bheith san uisge glan. Ní milsede an domblas é bheith i nárthach airgid. Níor ṁeasa do dhuine rud do ghearrfadh a sgórnach ná sgian óir. Aran gcuma gcéadna ní folláinede ┐ ní milsede ┐ ní macántaide sgéal neaṁcháidh é bheith dá innsint i ngaedhilg uasail, P. O'Leary GJ vi 110 . Other comparatives from the mod. literary period are deiside, gilide, giorraide, liaide, siaide, teoide, usaide. —But in the spoken language usually confined to a small number of adjectives. Very common are fearrde, miste, móide (q.v.), idiomatically used with the copula and the prepositions la and do. The original sense has been obscured and as a living comparative particle -de seems obsolete.

do-imnai, do-imna

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-imnai, do-imna or dil.ie/17862
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: t-animmairni, dothimarnae, doimmarnad, timna, tiomnain, Thelephus

v (* to-imb-ad-no-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 585 ). Perf. 3 s. t-animmairni, Thes. ii 289 . dothimarnae, LL 117a17 . Pass. doimmarnad, Ml. 34a6 . Vn. timna. See also timarnad, where only the exx. from CCath. and O'Cl. are unequivocally nominal.

(a) commits, entrusts, bequeaths (with DO): na foachta fo[ḟ]echar i Cain Adomnan, dligith munter Adamnain forbach de . . . cit maicc ennaig, cit cléirig nó do neoch dian timnat `to whom they commit it', Cáin Ad. 43 . aithne timantar a charge that is committed, Laws v 196 Comm. [a]ní dobeir ┐ doimnai a mathair di, O'Curry 834 - 5 ( H 3.18 387b ). timna fri eg .i. inní timnaiter i neg, in ferann, 428 (233a). secht cét ṁbó . . . timnad dó tuc a Lagnib which had been delivered over to him, LL 161a28 (taken as vn., Metr. Dinds. iii 106 ). roaithne (.i. rotimain) a eclais do Pátraic, ACL iii 18 . in loc so tanimmairni Ternohc . . . er cul Peter Apstel T. has bequeathed it, Thes. ii 289 . tiomnain (leg. tiomnaim) mo bhú do bhochtaibh I bequeath , O'Gr. Cat. 28 . rotimná Teosforus . . . a ríge dia éis do Thelephus , LL 234a15 ( TTr. 1263 ). rostiumuin don eclais gl. ag doradtar do Dia, Laws v 270 Comm. do thiomain flaitheas na Scitia do M. an mac fá sine aige, Keat. ii 168 . do thiomain sé don eaglais ar a anmain í bequeathed it for the sake of his soul, TSh. 5211 . nír thimna athair da mac the father leaves nothing to his son, LL 346a42 . dá dtiomnadh neach ní nach leis dá chloinn, Content. v 141 . Commends, entrusts: timnaim ar deirc m'anum duitt-si a glaicc in diabail, Lib. Flav. i 23ra7 . tiomnuim mo chorp ┐ mh'anam . . . ar ionchaibh do thrócaire, Parrth. Anma 294 . tiomnaid a n-anam do Dhia, a gcorp don uaigh, TSh. 8682 . do thiomain a chorp ┐ a anam ar a chomairce, Keat. iii 1954 . cur-ro[t]timnor . . . mor don ingnad atconnarc `that I may confide to thee', BColm. 48 .

(b) In follg. cases where obj. is a clause, meaning seems to pass into that of promises: beo-thimnaim do Chass | bid cuibrend cu sliss, | biat ecla ria Cass, LL 147a36 ( PRIA xix 550 ). doraind Pátraic Ráith nAirthir | . . . | timarnae na túa sa, | céne marus bith, | bes n-ed násad inna túad | . . . | nád mbíad acht óenguine | fora fout co brāth he left as bequest to these ramparts that, while the world endures, thither the tribes shall gather . . . that there should be but one slaughter (committed) within them (?), Trip.² 755 . timarne Patraic nat bé rí hi Caisiul acht di chlaind Nad fráich, ZCP viii 315 (cf. Trip.² 2293 ). timarnad duit ó Día . . . cona bía cuit do nach ailiu i nHére acht duit t'oenur, Trip.² 2764 . timarnad duit óm céliú . . . dobéra deit in mnái, LU 3341 ( SCC § 13 ). timarnád duit úad, doticfa slóg uad, § 20 .

(c) enjoins, commands (with DO of pers.): doimmarnad hosenachrib `that was commanded by S.', Ml. 34a6 . dorimnai Dia . . . a cosc, SR 4153 . airmitiu do thustidib, rothimna in ri, ACL iii 312 , cf. LB 261a6 . Patraic timairne in figill seo, RC xv 491 . timarnasat cethri prīmsuidi Erenn gres fria do gach mac bethad, ib. timarnai Dia doitsi dul do proicept, Lism. L. 222 . timnais Eochaid troscad ara macaib, RC xv 148 . timmarnad tene ruad, IT iii 39 , cf. Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 26 . timarnad duit-si o Día techt doc[h]um nÉirenn, Trip.² 255 . timarnath duit on Dagdo con-comthastar, etc., RC iii 345 . timarnad duit nád dechis for taired, Ériu iii 108 .

(d) In phr. do-imna celebrad (do) takes leave (of): timnait celebrad dond ríg, FB § 65 . tiomnait celeabhradh dhó, AFM vi 1900 . Hugh Roe 16 . timnais celebrad, LU 10346 . rotimain ceilebradh doibh ┐ roimigh, Ériu iii 162 . rotimain celebrad do A., Aen. 1450 . timnas an ingin celebrad do na banfeindedaib, RC v 199 . tiomnais celeabrad doib, MR 42 . rothimainsed celebrad do, RC xxvi 134 . do thiomnadar ceileabhradh araon took leave of each other, Ériu v 78 . do hiomnadur (leg. do th.) cheiliubradh do Coinchulainn, RC xxix 114 . Acall. 825 .

maraid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. maraid or dil.ie/31563
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: mairid, mair-, mar-, maired, maraith, mair, marait, mardda, mairte, mairde, mairit, mēraid, mérait, mértait, merdait, merdaid, mairf-, marabh, marathar, marathar, marthar, marthain, merdais, mair, céin máir

ā, and mairid i, vb. This is a BI verb Ériu lvi 23n . The stem mair- is usual in conjunct form of 3 s. pres. and in later lang. prevails over mar- (see Thurn. Hdb. 335 ). Imp. 3 s. maired, TBC-LL¹ 4615 , 4634 . Pres. 3 s. maraith, Sg. 203 marg. ( Thes. ii p. xxii ). nád mair , Wb. 3c15 . 3 pl. marait, Fél. Prol. 88. (rel.)) mardda, Sg. 203 marg. mairte (mairde, mairit v.l.), Fél. Prol. 194. Fut. 3 s. mēraid, Ml. 100b4 . 3 pl. mérait; mértait (spurious form), LU 2581. merdait, PH 2765 , Acall. 7767. merdaid, Alex. 238. Later b-fut., stem generally mairf-; 1 s. ni marabh , IGT Dec. ex. 921. S-pret. Deponent forms occur in Laws (text): a marathar de, ii 394.25 . ma marathar seoit, 316.18 , cf. 338.18 and O'Dav. 1085. Pass pres. ni marthar , LU 581 ( ACC § 11a ). vn. marthain.

I

(a) lasts, persists, is extant, remains (in existence): maraith sercc céin mardda aithne love remains as long as property remains, Sg. 203 marg. ( Thes. ii p. xxii ). meraid hua chlaind fri claind a n-aithis their reproach will endure, Ml. 100b4 . maraid dogres in dearc, PH 5922. intan marbthar in corp, ni lugaite marus int anumm, 7480 . is dogres marus dligedh an etargnaithe the law of the intellect exists always, Laws i 36.12 Comm. maraid beos in cloch sin (= stat adhuc), Lat. Lives 104. mairid fós aít na tobar sin, Maund. § 254. céne marus bith as long as the world lasts, Trip. 70.20 . cia nos-timna dod charaid | sec[h] cía maruid ni mera you may bequeathe it (your wealth) to your friend, but though it survives you it is still transitory, Ériu ii 228.18 . acht coro mardais a cnama cen combach provided their bones remained unbroken, ZCP xii 244.19 . mo thiopra . . . meraidh co laithe in bratha, Anecd. ii 21. roinn mac nIughoine gur mhar ar Éirinn trí céad bliadhan, Content. vi 85. is bec ro mair de little was left of him (= he nearly died), ZCP vi 50.21 . nir mair don Tháin acht blogha di nama, ACL iii 4.7 . acht co marat m'airscéla dimm' ēsi provided my fame lives after me, TBC-LL¹ 1112 , cf. TBC-I¹ 551. mēruidh a coisscēlu cīan | cēn mērus soiscēla slān, ZCP x 47.2 . go mairfedh a bhladh do shir, BNnÉ 329 § 63. comad faididi do merdais siad that they may last the longer, Rosa Angl. 158.16 (cond. for subj. impf.). Strengthened with prefix bith-: suthain flaith fail uas nélaib . . . bithmeraid, LL 133b8 . bithmarait a piana, Fél. Prol. 88. Of remaining, persisting in a certain place: dia luid Aithirni . . . ro muir isin slíab he abode, Metr. Dinds. iii 106. gidh sunn, cidh tall no mairmis, BNnÉ 313 § 5. do mhairetar na leabair sin aimser fhoda a nhÍ, BCC § 221. With DO of person: co tí in dál-sa maras det that Judgement that awaits thee, Metr. Dinds. iii 130. dondí nos-comallfa méraít a fochraice, Ériu ii 208 § 28. da mhar int eallach d'Iacim Joachim (still) kept his stock (after selling it), ACL iii 244 § 6. With oc remains with, is in the possession of: maired mo chlaideb acut da Laígaire (= keep my sword for L.), TBC-LL¹ 4615 = coimét . . . agat, St. ro mairseat na scelai sin occan eascob, RC xiv 62.7 . With LA: ind ordnasc doratus-[s]a duit-siu, in mair latt? hast thou it still? LL 251a16 ( TBFr. Med. and Mod.Ir. Ser. v 293 ), cf. ZCP iv 43.4 . is leo ro marustar bretha they preserved the judgements, Laws i 36.20 Comm. maradh le cloinn Néill tre tár may it be an abiding disgrace to Clan N., ZCP viii 224 § 28. Ath ṅGrene . . . méraid ra cách a chumne, TBC-LL¹ 740.

Of persons often remains alive, survives, is left: maraidh fós araile senóir do lucht ar mainistrech-ni, RC xxv 396 § 13. in mairend hé? is he still alive? TFerbe 531 . dia maradh d'eis a bhraithreach, AFM vi 2216.24 . ní mhaireann Fionn Finn is no more, Oss. iv 10.7 . ní mair in drong úabair, Fél. Prol. 199. co nAeth mac M. nach mair, IT i 108.16 . Ailill Miltenga nád mair, ZCP viii 218 § 19. ro imig in Sabhdan asin cath ┐ gach ar-mair dia muindtir all that survived, ZCP vi 57.27 . Often simply = lives: bi a péin abus gēin mara endure suffering here while thou livest, ZCP ix 173 § 19. cēn ro marsat, ACL iii 2.15 = céin robatar i mbíu H. Esp. in late lit.: go maireadh drong dhíobh ós cionn ocht gcéad bliadhan (of the patriarchs), TSh. 405. coimhéd m'aitheanta ┐ mair!, Proverbs iv 4.

(b) the expression céin-mair becomes stereotyped with the meaning long lives, hence happy, fortunate , folld. by nom. or dat., often a mere interjection: céinmair noda-ainsed happy he who should spare him, BDD 111. cénmair tír dianad buachail, RC xvii 173.19 (Tig., poem). cenmair tuaith dia ro genair blessed the race from which he sprang, SR 2736. cein-mair anmain dia ndichet, KMMisc. 212 § 5. cenmair hUlltaib, mairc Iarnaib, TBC-LL¹ 3424. Sometimes treated as a noun: cenmair i n-a ḟlaith prosperity in his reign, B. in Scáil 27 ( ZCP xiii 380 , iii 464 ). cen mo mair .i. cēn a cena [= Lat. coena], mair uita . . . .i. is fleth [= fled] mo betha, O'Mulc. 218. cenbe mair while life lasts (? bē = 3 s. subj. pres. of subst. vb.), Ériu i 122 z . — This expression must be distinguished from the advb. céin máir (acc. of cian már) a long time, for ever , see cían.

II Rarely trans.

(a) in impers. construction, generally in pass.: ised am [tatham YBL, sic leg.] cein nom-mair while I live (?), IT i 80.3 . (However, Uhlich emends to no-mmar (: romar) which he takes as pres. subj. 1 s.: ised am (tatham YBL, sic leg.) céin no-mmar 'as long as I may live,' LMU 269 , Ériu lvi 23 ). ? So also in abbreviated form in: ní ṡechnaim ’san Mide mar I will not avoid in Mide as long as I live Ériu xxi 145 § 10 . ni marthar lenn (.i. ni fil nech d'iarmorad ocunn) `there is no remaining with us' (= we have nought abiding?), ACC 11a ( RC xx 162 ).

(b) lives to see, experience: ó's leatsa luighe le Caitilín . . . go mairir í may you live to enjoy her, Hackett xxii 7 (a mod. use, still current in similar phrases).

III In Bérla na f.: coire erma . . . maraid (.i. rāid-sim enecland do cách) martair (.i. rāidhter eneclann dō ō chāch), Anecd. v 27.7 ; gloss may be conjectural.

1 matha

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 matha or dil.ie/31675

n danger, hazard? m.¤ .i. cunntabairt, O'Dav. 1278 (` doubt ' Stokes). mathadh .i. cunntabairt ut est: cen matha for marbu marus .i. cin conntabairt, 1238 . mathfadh .i. conntabhairt, O'Cl. for médugud matha fo neimh, LL 385c16 (Timna Cathaír Móir).

mong

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mong or dil.ie/32532

Forms: mong, muinge, moinge, muṅgga, moṅga

n ā, f., mong f. g s. muinge, moinge, IGT Dec. § 158.

(a) orig. a lock or tuft of hair: gl. cirrus, Sg. 159a7 . do berrad a mor-muṅgga (of Samson), SR 5362 (n p.). Later hair (coll.), a head of hair, always of long and abundant, never close-cropped hair; in pl. of more than one person. Gl. coma, O'Mulc. 201. moṅg órbuide furri, TBC-LL¹ 4315. monc fionnbuidhi fair, 5453 (St.). m.¤ findruine fair co mbid for dib slesaib ind eich, IT ii1 177 . buinne óir immá moing, RC ix 490.3 . dochuiredar a moiṅg im gesca ro bui isin crund (of Absalom), ZCP xiii 178.24 . Conán gan ṁoing hairless , Oss. iv 18.17 . Labraid lebarmong with long locks, SCC 33. dá uball óir for dī gabal a muingi, Ir. MSS. Ser. i 176.24 . pl. moṅga findbuide . . . forru, TBC-LL¹ 181. TBC-I¹ 12. mongae findbudi foraib, BDD 84. mórfesser cornaire . . . co moṅgaib órdaib, TBFr. 37 ( Med. and Mod. Ir. Ser. v ). Of animals: tar or moingi inn eich mane, Laws i 138.38 Comm. iv 276.11 Comm. ca tulmaing tuind (.i. co moing a srona), IT i 162.6 = LL 208a 14 (of a boar = the bristles of his snout?). Of eyelashes (poet.): abra dubmall nach dáor m.¤ , IGT Dec. ex. 521. filleadh mong n-abhra, Gofraidh Fionn v 30 ( Ir. Monthly 1919 ). (fig.) do chuir Éire tri monga ┐ trí maola dhi (i.e. was thrice wooded and thrice bare), Keat. i p. 96 . teora maela ┐ teora monga .i. na caille, H 3.18 p. 626 ( O'Curry 1371 ). See (c).

(b) trans. of sea-foam, surf: airet marus m.¤ for muír, IT iii 16 § 41 = Bruchst. i § 16 . Common in expression: m.¤ mara, which comes to mean simply surface or expanse of sea: tar moing mara, Acall. 4678 , 4697 . dar mara moing, Laws iii 318.5 . ós muing mara hIcht, Metr. Dinds. ii 36.8 . nogu rainig an moing mara mírathmair sin, Ériu iii 166 § 21. dar monga mara medhraig, ZCP x 339.8 . gur báitheadh Pharao fá mhuing na Mara Ruaidhe, TSh. 3134.

(c) of foliage, trees, bushes, etc. dar moing Muadain (.i. anis), Fél. 110.35 (: Guaire) = dar Luaine (.i. darsin fid .i. Luaine ainm an ḟeada), Ériu i 46.13 , see RC xxvi 374. monainn mhaetha 'n-a mongaibh, Acall. 342. dristin mongu `manes of briars', K. and H. § 22. i gcóir chodhnaigh muinge Mis `the woodlands of M.', Ó Bruad. iii 52.

(d) various uses. Of nap of cloth: cen co tarla m.¤ fria (of a cloak), Metr. Dinds. iv 332.23 . docuiredar mongai tened dara gnuis, Ériu ii 126.8 (of star-cluster, scintillations?). m.¤ int slindéin hair of the shoulder-blade? (gl. honplata, perh. = ὠμοπλάτη), Ir. Gl. 148. m.¤ mher hemlock: ros na moíngi mire, Mackinnon Cat. 20.18 (see 1 mongach).

Compds. With adj. of colour, chiefly in primary sense: mong-buide ( ¤donn, ¤dub, etc.) = yellow-haired. ¤bog: tresan monaidh mong-bhuig (= covered with soft heath), BNnÉ 208 § 60 . ¤glas: dar noí tonna moṅg[g]lassa, LL 13a41 . ¤lebar: folt . . . m., BB 427a46 . ZCP x 279.12 . ? ¤lectha: monglectha fochassa forordha fair ` hair-braids ', IT iii 186.3 = monglecta BB; an leg. mong léctha fochass hair let down, loose or flowing (part. of léicid)? cf. moṅg legta [lectha v.l.] fochas, Ériu iv 138 § 14 . ¤mas: treathan mara mongmais, Lism. L. 3580. ¤réid: ós Mide m. of level and grassy surface , Arch. Hib. ii 82 § 6 ( LL 184b30 ). ¤ruad: Macha mon[g]ruad, MacCarthy 300. 21 , cf. Keat. ii 2364 , AFM i 74.2 . le clannuib Míled mongrúaid, Anecd. i 32. Of sea foaming, turbulent: os diamar mara mongruaid, Rawl. 76a33 , cf. ZCP x 411.5 , BNnÉ 97 § 5 , Lism. L. 3589. fa murbruchtaib mongruada min-éisc mór-mara, MR 248.11 . Of mountains (prob. alluding to heather): Sliabh mongruadh Mis, CF 269. le hoir in maighi mongruaidh, ZCP viii 563 § 28. ¤súilech: laoch . . . mongṡuileach with heavy eyelashes (? eyebrows), ZCP x 278.13 . ¤teintech fiery-maned: retlu mongteindtech (i.e. a comet ), LB 139a15 . toidlenacha mongthenntecha, 138b20 ( Todd Lect. vi ). i n-aite . . . mhoingteinntighi ichtair ifrinn, Lism. L. 3642. Cf. further: a mhairbhthene mongthighi minchuile, IT iii 102 § 186 (` thick-maned', -haired , compd. of mong+tige<tiug?).

uisce

Cite this: eDIL s.v. uisce or dil.ie/43063
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: uisci, uisce, uisci-lestraib

n io, m. water : n s. aqua lasin Laitneoir, usce lasin nGaedel, Auraic. 1090 . uisci (gl. aqua), Ir. Gl. 160 . int uisque iarsin ganim, Wb. 11a17 . amal dete cech uisque coitchenn, Ml. 93b 12 - 13 . amal dunesmar uisce for talmain, 44d1 . huisce du techt tairsiu, 123d3 . a n-immuntimchella ni uisce, 108a9 . co riae in t-usce do bragait, SR 1600 . uisce rothé dar cosa (one of the three worst welcomes), Triads 70 . is fair a aenur tanic in usce sin [sic], LB 35b18 ( PH 1599 ). in fuil ... ┐ in t-usce, LB 1a20 ( PH 14 ). i céin marus usce ós talamh ┐ áer ós usce, CCath. 257 . a s. in tan duratus uisce ṅduit ón, Ml. 103a6 . focertar ind epaidse i n-im nad tét i n-uisce, Thes. ii 248.7 (Sg. Incant.). cia criathras usce n-an, | ... for cach n-iathmass, SR 7937 . Cf. 41 . téit isin n-usci a dochum, LU 5226 . gabaid Piláit usqui iar-sin, ┐ ro-indail a lama, PH 2842 . g s. duadbadar huaisletu Dé trí huaisletu ind uisci fuasnaidi fil isind aier, Ml. 40d3 . tabairt uisci doib isin diserto, 97d4 . ic dail usci dia cairchaib, SR 3744 . Ri thuc doib sruam usci uair | asind ailig ..., 4629 . Cf. 7160 . cúach usqui, YBL 102a44 ( BDD 139 . usce LU). tuc ... mulloc usce glain, PH 519 . clerech uisce Arda Macha, `the water-clerk of Armagh,' BCC § 337 . d s. cen a rícctin du usciu (gl. aqua ... nulla pars ... intacta relinquetur), Ml. 108a10 . focertar inso do grés it bois láin di uisciu oc indlut, Thes. ii 249.10 (Sg. Incant.). ragat ... co comairsem isind usciu, LU 5228 . bátir .xxx. marcach ... isind usci, 5522 . dobert trian forcridi de usci ar chuid cach lae `he added one-third of water to the daily allowance,' Mon. Tall. § 52 . rosáeth linni do bithsiu for uisciu isin dúnad, LU 6051 . penneth for usciu ┐ bargin, Ériu vii 168 § 12 . bith for usciu ┐ bargin to be on bread and water , Mon. Tall. § 9 . rop imnedh leo a n-aes penni do eipiltin for uisciu ┐ bairgin, Anecd. i 75.4 (= Mon. Tall. § 73 ). roberbi ar ind usci `boiled it on the water,' Mon. Tall. § 52 . a berbhadh ar uisgi, Irish Texts v 18.3 . siucra arna berbad a nuisci, 22.16 . in tíí ... do díl bar n-itaid on usqui , LB 162a41 ( PH 2826 ). no dídlastaís finnae for usciu they would split a hair upon water , LU 7701 . 7818 ( BDD 128 ; 137 ). a du. menadhach uas uisci ┐ menudhach itir dá uisci, Anecd. i 75.19 . n p. du lár nime dano sudigtir ind uisci, Ml. 120d9 . rethait uisci, 138d6 . cid arretae ind uisci, ib. 8 . ind usci, 40d16 . dufuargabsat huisci moro robuir the waters of the Red Sea , 96c1 . cit n-e usci ┐ ardae ┐ indbera dorriadat ?, LU 6905 ( BDD 51 ). at móra na haibni ┐ na huscida, LL 171b22 ( CRR 6 ). ni choemsat na husqi imdai coro airrdíbdat in déircc, PH 5864 . cruinnighthear na huisgeadha ... a n-éunáit, Gen. i 9 . do roinneadh na huisgidhe, Exodus xiv 21 . (Metaph.) tógbhaid uisgeadha aigianta na hantoile 'na ndromannaibh ... díomais, TSh. 2072 . a p. huare nad rotodlaigestar som co Dia inna huisciu, Ml. 124d9 . indhí notegtis isna husciu, Mon. Tall. § 81 . adeochasa ... inna husci do chongnam frim, LU 5513 . g p. nem n-usce , SR 635 . for srothaib na n-usqui ndub, PH 8301 . do chruinnigthibh na n-uisgeadh do ghoir sé fairrge, Gen. i 10 . guirme a huisgiodh, TD 13.4 . sreabh Feirsde ar áilne a huisge, L. Cl. A. B. 89.60 . d p. doríadat ilardae uscib indberaib ingantaib, LU 6903 ( BDD 50 ). roinneadh na huisgeadha ó na huisgeadhuibh, Gen. i 6 . do rineadar comhnuidhe an sin láimh ris na huisgidhibh, Exodus xv 27 .

Fresh water (as opposed to salt water) is generally fíruisce but sometimes uisce alone seems to have this sense: sruth, saile, sal no uisci, Laws v 332.5 . masa tochur srotha saile sceo uisce, Laws iii 428.14 . main andach cach uisce, Laws v 482.24 . So iv 220z ; i 2.6 . da uisce um clad, 23 P 3 f. 23 (21)ab ( O'Curry 1901 ). etir uiscce ┐ inbher muiridh `both [fresh] waters and sea-inlets,' AFM i 156.6 . Thus a piece of water, a river, a lake : co ndeochatar hUí Néill co alailiu (v.l. alaili) husque and, co tuarcab ind ob friu, Trip. 256.2 . AFM i 158.2 . dorimchell rígusciu Herend ... .i. Buas, Boand, etc. LU 7930 ( BDD 154 ). iar tarmchell usced Érenn, BDD 155 Y (= toróchell ... prímlocha Herend, LU 7933 ). cur techdsad na locha ┐ na montee ┐ na husceda uli, Ann. Conn. 1251 § 13 . Cf. cen selgc slebi na huisci, SR 7020 . Of mountain streams : tonna ar mire, ┐ uisce na sléibhte, O'Rah. xiv 48 . Of the sea : tar uisce na n-árthach, xviii 27 . Of rain : do-chuaidh mé, maith an tuicsi, | le cách fá uisge an cheatha `I have gone out in the rain like the rest,' Studies 1918, 617 (see ib. p. 618 n. 2 ). dá ndéanamh féin mar gach fear | dob'é a gcríoch dul fa dheireadh | tuigse an bheatha mar do bhuaidh | fa uisge an cheatha i gcéad-uair, Ir. Monthly 1920, 597 § 35 (cf. ib. 36 ) = DDána p. 239 . The phr. dul etc. fa u.¤ an cheatha seems to be a proverbial saying i.e. `to run the common risks.'

Of tears : uisge a dhearc do dhoirt Muire, DDána 27a26 . le huisge a nuaidhéar, 39.10 . Cf. uisge glas do-ghéabha uam | tighearna na dtrí mór-ṡluagh, ib. 18 . a leapthaibh dhénta duan ngill | aghaidh Thaidhg Óig I Uiginn, ... | dá huiscce féin do foilcthi `drops,' Studies 1920, 2.8 (i.e. sweat? ).

Of water of baptism : can nech dorratad toind usci glain | tar Nechtan mac Collbrain, LU 10108 (= Imr. Brain § 65 ). amail oibrigheas uisge an bhaistidhe go fírinneach ar anmaibh na druinge bhaistear, TSh. 6229 . Hence as attrib. g s. in: col uisce gossipred i.e. relation of sponsors : da ccionntuightheá re mnaoi chuil ... ní folair foigsi an chuil d'innisin (sc. in confession), madh col uisge é nó col gaoil, Mac Aingil 293.17 [leg. 263] . ní foláir bheith saor ó gach toirmeasg; mar atá col gaoil, cleamhnuis, no uisge, `spiritual kindred,' Donlevy 342.21 .

With defining adj., gen., or phrase: u.¤ bennaigthe holy water : gabais Pátraic in t-uisci bennaichthi, Acall. 6783 . uisce betha[d] whiskey : ... quieuit iar nól uisci betha go himurcach, ┐ dob uiscce marbhtha do R., ALC ii 112.1 = Ann. Conn. 1405 § 7 . in tenga ... do nighi ... le huisgi beata, Rosa Angl. 264.18 . is uime do-rín Ó Gr. an t-uisge beatha, TD 34 l.113 .

u.¤ bruithe broth : enbruithe .i. usce bruithe (.i. feola), Corm. Y 525 .

u.¤ coisrectha holy water : Acall. 7504 . 7508 . le huisci coisrica, Irish Texts v 64.23 . ní dhíbreann u.¤ coisreagtha é, O'Rah. 288.7 .

u.¤ comnaidi stagnant water : uisci criadhamail comnaidhi (contrasted with `fíruisci' spring-water ), Études Celt. i 86.15 . ceo reamur eirges dusgi comnaidhi, Ériu x 144w . Cf. bodar-uisce, id. (lit. deaf water): a sháith do bodarusci na S. dó, `dead water' (cf. `balb' applied to streams, babbling ), MacCongl. 19.11 . deoch do bódarusci na cuirre, 55.6 . Also marb-uisce (see below, and under marb, Compds)

u.¤ eorna barley water : dlighid ... in draint do coimilt ... le huisci eorna, Irish Texts v 46.12 . deoch duisgi deorna, Rosa Angl. 38.17 . maille huisgi na heorna, 86z . le huisgi eorná, 84.18 .

u.¤ ernaigde water of prayer, i.e. holy water : dochúas huaidi do chuinchid usque ernaigthi do Dáre ó Patraic, Trip. 228.24 . Cf. Lism. L. 566 .

u.¤ ferthana rain water : maillire huisci ferthana, =cum aqua pluuiali, Irish Texts v 68.2 . le huisgi topuir, no fertana, Rosa Angl. 84.18 .

u.¤ glas: englas .i. usce glas, Corm. Y 158 .

u.¤ imill (lit. water of the edge ): usci .i. imill (gl. lympha), Ir. Gl. 69 .

uisci ina muchar iarann 'chalybeate water', Irish Texts v 56.19.

u.¤ innalta, innlaid water for washing : u.¤ innalta, see below under u.¤ óil. uisge ionnluid do leag lóghmhur | bean re n-iodnuibh ḟóireas, IGT, Decl. ex. 463 . gur bh'uisge ionnlaidh dhí a deora, DDána 30.19 .

u.¤ lám water in which the hands are washed : nír ail do uisci lamh na n-ollaman do dul tar lamhuibh na mban na usce lamh na mban do dhul tar lamuib na n-ollam, Tromd. Guaire 275 (= Oss. v 36 w , y 0 where the word is twice misread as uisin).

u.¤ mela honey water : ibheadh da .ʒ. do diasisiom i nuisge meala, Irish Texts v 16.35 .

u.¤ móna bog water : uisce móna (v.l. monadh, mono) (among the things that are worst for the body), Tec. Corm. § 21 , 1.6.

u.¤ nádúrtha plain water : uisge nádúrtha do dhórtadh air cheann (más féidir é) an té baisdthear, Donlevy 230.9 .

u.¤ oiffrind water for mass : asin tiprait asa tabarr usce oiffrind dún, BLism. 2162 .

u.¤ óil drinking water : tect ar cend usci oóil ┐ innalta (iondlait, St.) dochum na haba, TBC-LL¹ 1555 .

u.¤ retha running water : ibh ... uisge reatha as do thoibreachaibh féin, Proverbs v 15 .

u.¤ rosa rose water : gabtur ... uisci rosa, Irish Texts v 40.9 . Cf. d'uisci na roisi, id., 68.3 .

u.¤ saillte salt water : gabtur uisci saillti = aqua salsa, Irish Texts v 40.9 .

u.¤ tibrat well water : uisci tibrat, Irish Texts v 42.1 . u.¤ topuir, id., Rosa Angl. 84.18 .

In comparisons and proverbial sayings: atcós do'n ríg co ro-s-leg a fheoil ┐ a chnamu amal usce, PH 1266 . sileadh deór rúadh ar ruisgne | mar uisge a beól úar eisci, IGT, Decl. ex. 1081 . is uisgeadha doimhne bríathra bhéil an duine, Proverbs xviii 4 . an t-uisge tana as mhó fuaim `shallow water makes most noise,' Content. xxvii 5 . ba usce for tóin créthir water on the bottom of a sieve (of a hopeless task), MacCongl. 73.3 . ferta tra Patraic do innisin dúibsi, a ḟíru Hérend, is usce do loch insin is like bringing water to a lake (a needless task), LU 274 ( Todd Lect. vi 15 ).

pn In place-names: go ffuil a uaigh i nUiscce chaoin, AFM i 146.15 . cath Comair trí nuiscce. 44 y . See Onom.

Compds.: uisce-lestar a water-pot : ar na uisci-lestraib (gl. idris), Lib. Hymn. i 38 n. 25 . With adj. pref.: amal tondgur n-iluisce, SR 608 . See also under 1 fír and marb, (compds.). Cf. usguisge ón ainm úathaidh ┐ ón táoibhréim ard iollraidh, IGT, Introd. § 94 . uisgeadhuisge ón táoibhréim ard iollraidh, ib.