Search Results

Your search returned 13 result(s).

1 aile

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aile or dil.ie/978
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: oile, eile, arch, aild, aile, aile, aill, aile, aill, aili, ailiu, ailiu, áili, aili, aili, aile, ailib, aile, aili, aile, aili, aili, a., n-aill, n-aile, éile, éle, aill, aili, ailiu, ailiu, aile, alaill, allail, alaill, alaili, alailiu, aili, alaaili, alaili, n-aile, allaili, aile, alaili, aili, alaile, holailiu, horaili, fulailiu, folaill, hualailiu, alaile, alaill, alaile, arele, lelele, alaill, aláil, araill, alaili, aláili, álaili, araili, áréli, alailiu, arailiu, alaili, aili, lialailiu, liala ailiu, aile, alailib, alaili, aréli, alaili, indala, indala, dondala, indala, indala, indala, all, AILE, ALAILE, arailiu, alailiu, alaile, (a)la, al(l)

In later lang. oile, eile other, one of two, second , pronominal used as adj. and noun. Inflected as io, iā -stem except in n a s. neut. (aill, see below). GOI §§ 486 ff. , Hamp, Études Celt. ix 477 (aill, arch. aild). Old-Irish forms. Stressed forms

(a) aile (as adj. follows noun; as subst. always with article or nach). As adj. n s m. aile, Wb. 12c46 . n. aill, 9c3 . a s m. aile, Wb. 9d31 . n. aill, 13a1 . g s. aili, Sg. 30a2 . d s. ailiu, Wb. 21a7 . ailiu, Sg. 30b4 . n p. áili, Wb. 12b1 . aili, 22d14 . a p. aili, Sg. 28a6 . g p. aile, Wb. 12b3 . d p. ailib, Wb. 12b11 . Fem. n s. aile, Wb. 10d18 . a s. aili, Sg. 189a8 . g s. aile, Sg. 188a12 . n p. aili, Sg. 22a3 . a p. aili, Sg. 191a2 .

n As subst. n s m. nach a.¤ , Wb. 20a10 . n s n. a n-aill , Wb. 4b24 . a s m. nach n-aile , Wb. 8a3 . éile, éle (influence of céile, GOI p. 308 ), 6a15 , 6c18 . a s n. na aill , Wb. 17c23 . g s. nach aili , Wb. 17b28 . d s. nach ailiu , Sg. 209b12 . a p. amal na heliu, Sg. 9b1 . ailiu gl. quos (nullos tepefacit sol), Ml. 94b20 . Fem. g s. inna aile , Thes. ii 15.42 (BCr.).

(b) With double stem ala aile, alaile, with dissimilation araile (with stress on -ail-) (as adj. precedes noun; as subst. does not take article or other proclitic, cf. Ped. Ériu xv 188 ff.).

As adj. n s n. alaill ṡain, Sg. 6b24 . allail (recte alaill, edd.) pronomen , 209b10 . g s. alaili thríuin, Sg. 96a4 . d s. alailiu chruth, Ml. 98d1 . n p. alá aili aidme, Ml. 89a9 . alaaili réta, Sg. 111b5 . a p. alaili dliged, Ml. 18c11 . g p. ala n-aile ndoine, Ml. 54a21 .

Fem. a s. allaili mbeasti, RC xi 446.1 . g s. ala aile aidme, Ml. 51c5 . d s. alaili tain gl. quando, Sg. 222b2 . n p. ala aili interiecta, Sg. 10a1 .

When used with a prep. ending in a vowel alaile sometimes drops its initial: holailiu, Ml. 80a2 . horaili, 2a6 . fulailiu (sic MS.), 102d2 . folaill, Laws iv 102.14 . But hualailiu, Ml. 40d17 . Sg. 25b12 . With la see substantival use infra.

n As subst. n s m. alaile, Wb. 6b20 . n s n. alaill, 7d11 . a s m. alaile, Wb. 5d15 . arele, 9c19 . With la: lelele, 16c24 . a s n. alaill, 4c33 . aláil, 12a10 . araill, 23b21 . g s. alaili, Wb. 4c13 . aláili, 12a34 . álaili, 13a9 . araili, Sg. 10a10 . áréli, Wb. 13a5 . d s. alailiu, Wb. 2a14 . arailiu, 21a13 . n p. alaili, Wb. 13a16 . ala aili , Sg. 215a1 . a p. with la, lialailiu, Ml. 14a4 (liaailiu, MS.). liala ailiu, Sg. 32b5 . g p. ala n-aile (gl. reliquorum), Ml. 37a21 . Sg. 201b15 . d p. alailib, Wb. 25b13 . Sg. 208b8 . Fem. a s. fri alaili , Sg. 202a4 . d s. aréli (see above), Wb. 8a7 , alaili, Sg. 189a7 . 212b3 .

In Bardic verse this form alliterates with words beginning either with r- or vowels: líonmhar dá reic re-roile, DDána 61.3 . sgol i n-ucht ar-oile ag ól, 103.25 .

(c) Unstressed forms (always adjectival preceding noun or aí, see below, and most usually with preceding article or cach). With article (both words indecl.) n s m. indala mmod, Ml. 45b11 . a s m. indala fer, Wb. 4c16 . d s. dondala lucht, Wb. 16c20 . n s f. indala chlas, Ml. 138d1 . g s f. indala rainne, Sg. 74b7 . a s n. indala lestar, Wb. 4c32 . With cach, usually cach la: cach la sel, Wb. 15d9 . cach le céin, Ml. 19c1 . Without art. somet. also all, see C I (a) below.

A. The form AILE.

I As adj. following its noun other, second: frituidecht a.¤ anísiu, Sg. 21b11 . pronomen naill, 197b17 . fogur na liter na.¤ , 4a8 . guidiu itge n-a.¤ , Fél. Ep. 413 . anní nail as much again, IT ii1 180.177 . cethri fogaetha a.¤ , SR 49 . immon michil lasin crosfigill-so immon muiri lasind crosfigell na.¤ immasech `with the next', Mon. Tall. 137.z (§ 28) . do nach raod aliu `to any other matter', 143.30 (§ 43) . isind le[i]th ailiu, Críth G. 591 (eliu, MS.). do c[h]ellaib elib, BColm. 62.20 . forsin triur aili `the other three', RC xxiv 174.10 . aisceda imda eili, Sc.M² § 4 R . Longínus in ainm ele, PH 673 . a dhuine dhiombuain eile, DDána 27.3 . céd eili d'uaislib `a hundred other nobles', IGT Decl. ex. 60 . ┐ ní eili and furthermore, Hy Maine 161.31 . beag oile as congnamh ré chois `little else', Dán Dé x 17 . aill with non-neut. noun: ro-lēcus-[s]a gaí n-aill cucut-su, Sc.M² § 13 . issin láim n-aill, MU² 543 . do thuc bulli n-aill, TBC-LL¹ 1998 . fecht n-aile (n-aill), úair a.¤ another time, on another occasion see fecht and 2 úar. Of future time, next, forthcoming: lathi n-and resint samḟuin a.¤ cind bliadna, LU 3298 ( SCC § 10 ). cosin caiscc naili `until the next Easter', Mon. Tall. 132.17 (§ 12) . nach (na) . . . a.¤ (aill) any other . . . : nábat nacha arm aili `let it not be any other arms', Wb. 11d14 . dochum nacha rainne a.¤ , Sg. 188a12 . indtan noteigdis nach leth aili, Mon. Tall. 129.18 (§ 6) . in nacha reduibh ailib, Ériu ii 106.9 . Masc. with neut. noun: huare nad fil na nert n-a.¤ , Ml. 29d5 .

n II As subst.

(a) another, the other, others etc.: cuit inna aine ┐ inna a.¤ of the one and of the other, Thes. ii 15.42 (Bcr.). amal na heliu `like the others', Sg. 9b2 . arus leth do fallaib an aill do doebdadaib `for half is due for the neglects, the other for the claimants,' Laws iv 126.21 Comm. mad a.¤ da lina beta olca folaid `one of two parties', ii 366.11 . ma a.¤ dá lína bes anfoltach, O'D. 565 ( H 3.17, 441 ). co ndearnadhsom in a.¤ chédna likewise, TFrag. 22.22 . mani tucad . . . ní din chéttadall ni bered a n-aill, Sc.M² § 1 . ní fargaib bennachtain ┐ ní thuc anaill (alali, v.l.), RC viii 52.25 . aroile . . . anaill the one . . . the other (ref. to léo), Grail 3399 .

(b) period of two days: a.¤ do mnaib . . . treisi do rig, Laws i 78.15 . nat ṡasai aena tar a.¤ `that one day should not be extended beyond two days', 120.18 . athgabail a.¤ itir uin ┐ treise rosmidir Sencha, 126.11 . cach athgabail a.¤ , 144.24 .i. for ata anad naili ┐ apad aili, 146.21 Comm. is for dail na haili, 146.12 Comm. athgabail a.¤ do ingin im comorbus a mathar, 146.y .i. ar ata anadh naili, 148.3. Comm. a.¤ déc space of twelve days (cf. a.¤ déc one twelfth , (g) infra): a.¤ do mnaib, a.¤ dec doib im roe, Laws i 78.15 .

(c) Frequ. a n-aill something else, anything else: nimbe anaild arbera bith `he has nothing else that he may eat', Mon. Tall. 146.16 (§ 50) . ind lethbairgin ┐ ind cethramtu nó anaild `the half loaf and the quarter or other quantity, 151.z (§ 63) , ní fogbat merdrecha Ulad a n-aill acht foraim én dóib, LU 3254 ( SCC § 5 ). it é do theoir ríagla / nítroib anaill bas diliu `have thou naught else dearer', Ériu i 194 § 7 . in fil anaill? ol Grigoir `is there anything else?' ZCP iii 30.21 .

(d) Hence with ocus, etc. furthermore: ┐ anaill forácbus[s]a . . ., LL 279a7 . ┐ anaill béus, iarfaig-siu and furthermore, ask . . ., TBC-LL¹ 1920 . ┐ dano a n-aill and úair ni chesend nech, LU 2654 . ┐ anaill niro tagaill . . ., Grail 2786 . Cf. similar use of araill: et araill aile dana béus, TBC-LL¹ 106 . ┐ araill and, dano, . . . ní fil rígain . . ., LU 4015 ( SCC § 46 ). araill ele bheós ro leth ainm . . ., AFM v 1858.z . ┐ araill ele nir bó siodhach . . ., vi 2052.10 .

(e) Uninflected aill . . . aill one . . . another, some . . . others (not found in O. Ir. Glosses): imrordus in rígraid / . . . / aill úas laithib lígdaib / aill fo díanaib déraib some . . . others, Fél. Prol. 23 . aill fir mair . . . / aill ingene húage `one of a mighty man . . . another of a virginal maiden', June 5 . áill fri cumaid . . . aill ele fri teichead (of persons), Alex. 309 . .lll. carpdech . . . aill bruitt budi aill bruit deirg `some in yellow mantles others in red mantles', RC xiv 412.8 . Hence adverbially partly . . . partly: aill is tóla catha crūach / aill is cōra cacha crích, ZCP xi 110 § 30 . go ruc in ingen leis aill ar áis aill ar égin, Ériu xi 46.13 . Cf. aill .i. aonfecht .. . ut est aill torla tres tochuired, O'Dav. 34 , Ériu xiii 15.11 .

(f) With nach any other: arna arroímatsom nach na.¤ `lest they should receive any one else', Wb. 14d37 . cen acaldaim nach aili, Sg. 153b7 . cen acomol naich aili do `without joining any other to it', 197b17 . nib écen na aill, Wb. 22d12 . ni gessid na aill act búaid precepte, Wb. 26a34 . ní epur na haill `I say nothing more', Sg. p. 217 marg. sup. (Thes. ii xxii). in fail na aill adcota[r] dam, Trip.² 1323 . cona bía cuit do nach ailiu i nHére, 2766 . do-bérad naill ( = na aill) would give something else, BDD² 276 . With partitive DI something else of: asbéram na aill diar ṅgnímaib, Wb. 17c23 . in fuil anaill d'ingantaib air?, Grail 2983 . Cf. aill do buadaib Duind C. andso something of the triumphs, TBC-LL¹ 1529 .

(g) In numerals (fractions). a.¤ déac one twelfth: oile dég f., IGT Decl. § 3 . oil a dég (oil dhég v.l.) lochdach, IGT Decl. § 14 . aili deac brotto `the twelfth part of a second', Thes. ii 13.29 (BCr.). erpais Patraic aili deac Erend dó the twelfth part of Ireland, Trip.² 911 . `a.¤ dhéc the twelfth part, the Brehon's fee . Anglicé allayéag,' O'Don. Suppl. ni uil aile déc dosomh ┐ atá éiric a gubreite fairsium, O'D. 536 ( H 3.17, 432 ). da tecarthar ni da folaid cruid on breithemain, no ailedec, Laws i 234.17 Comm. diablad na aile dec, 234.18 Comm. no co thormaigi fa geall co roib aile dec, v 252.20 Comm. log a breithemnuis, aile dec, 212.22 Comm. Perh. also in: ni bhía an oile dēgsi am díaigh / nach foighe Ó Bríain d'éicsi úaim, IGT Decl. ex. 216 . barr na ngēg uile re n-idnaibh / uile dég gun fidhbaidh ortt (lochtach), ex. 225 . Cf. Kl. enair for dardain ail uathaid fuirre `the second day of the moon thereon', RC xviii 176.27 (Tig.). 284.2 . For ail dec 35.9 Stokes suggests reading ail uathaid.

B. The form ALAILE etc.

I As adj.

(a) other: aliud pronomen . i. is allail (recte alaill, edd.) pronomen , Sg. 209b10 . cenn cridi ┐ alaaili réta `and other things', 111b5 . sech alaili dliged ┐ indliuchtu `apart from other sayings and meanings', Ml. 18c11 . imtech[t] Boinde . . . ┐ alanaile n-aband, AU i 308. 11 , cf. 330.4 , 374.4 . In later lang. neut. form somet. used after noun irrespective of gender: leth in moige . . . al-leth allaill, RC xi 446.52 . don taeb araill, Stair Erc. 782 . isin luing araill, Grail 2969 . isind láim anaill, TBC-LL¹ 1719 . Note also: adhaigh n-aill n-aile another night, BNnÉ 324 § 38 .

(b) Usually some, a certain (gl. quidam, aliquis): hualailiu chlausul gl. uelut in clausula, Ml. 40d17 . holailiu lon gl. quodam adipe, 80a2 . ainm alaili thríuin `name of a certain hero', Sg. 96a4 . alaill ṡain, 6b24 . hualailiu mud gl. quodammodo, 25b12 . con alailiu fogoir (leg. fogur, edd.) gl. aliquo `with some sound', 39a2 . alaili tain gl. quando, 222b1a . ac gūmāidim ala naile nairec ninganta falsely boasting of various wonderful inventions, Corm. Y 825 . cornan alaili cuislendach, `a certain piper Cornan', Mon. Tall. 131.23 (§ 10) . alaili fáith marb, Trip.² 1395 . di araile anmcharait, ACL iii 5.3 . aroile fer angid, PH 818 . doní . . . araile gaitt irisech `she commits a certain pious theft', BColm. 84.10 . i n-araile domnuch, ZCP iii 33.15 . ro indsaig araile carruic . . . ┐ ros buail, Grail 1435 . in araile locc i lLaighis `at a certain place', AFM ii 1066.3 . Cf. co aroile mainistir ecin, RC x 187.4 .

n II As subst.

(a) another, the other: ni ferr nech alailiu, Wb. 2a16 . ni áir do neuch molad alaili, 16a24 . is coitchen do cechtar de ainm alaili `the name of each is common to both', Ml. 14d12 . intí diib bes tresa orcaid alaile, Ml. 19d6 . tar cenn alanaile gl. aliorumuice, 95d9 . Sg. 201b15 . cenmathá dobrethir ┐ alaaili `except the adverb and other (parts of speech)', 71b17 . muidit secht catha ren Osseirgé for na Déise . . . asberat araile is tricha cath others say, Ériu iii 138.102 . in foirend is craibdige araile `the folk who are more believing than the rest', PH 6363 . coná baí aithgne neich sech alaile díb, TBFr. 271 . cach gabal tra issuidiu araile hisesam `every other division is sung sitting, the next standing', Mon. Tall. 140.4 (§ 31) . gach clas ro claideadh do línadh do arbaim alaill do imbim the furrows to be filled alternately with corn and butter, Laws iv 98.14 Comm. drécht diib i nAidniu, araill diib oc Dubcechair, ZCP viii 305.30 . Hence alaile . . . alaile etc. (the) one . . . the other, another: biit alaili and rofinnatar a pecte rosíu (sic) docói grád forru alaili is iarum . . ., Wb. 29a28 . alaaili diib hi remthechtas . . . alaaili dano it coitchena eter remthechtas, Sg. 215a1 . Later araill . . . de is used of all genders: comérgit Ulaid araill díb . . . araill, LU 5017 . Cf. a dá grúad . . . co ndeirgi fola laíg ┐ araill eile co solusgili sneachta, BDD² 38 . Also when first part of phrase contains ind ala (infra).

(b) With idea of mutual action each other: con rochra cách a.¤ lit. that each may love the other (= that all may love each other), Wb. 6d1 . rosbennach cách dib elathain aroile, Fél. 4.20 . Eogan . . .┐ Oed . . . do marbad aroili, Ann. Conn. 1340.12 . ar bruinnib ┐ ochtaip aroile ┐ a chēile, Fl. Earls, 80.17 . Frequ. with prepp.: combad imned for araill domsa so that it should be trouble upon trouble for me, Wb. 23b21 . Cf. in peccath for arele, 9c19 . is ball cách dialailiu, 5d4 . ar a ndig cechtar dīb sech anaile (araile v.l.) so that they can get past each other (of two chariots), Corm. Y 1082 (96.11) . ni dernai nechtar n-ai olc fri araili, TBFr. 24.3 = fria chéile, 420 . ón tráth co roili, BDD² 1251 . lán ón orsain go ar-oile / an teach . . ., DDána 85.37 . casmhail a rún dá-roile, 92.6 . an ro loitseat Goill ┐ Geraltaig imo roile (roile) isan tansa `the injuries mutually done upon each other', AFM v 1734.15 . dīss derbrāthor dieroile `two . . . brothers', Fl. Earls 124.1 . ?asrean a ceile agh fo laill do `his neighbour shall give him another calf', Laws iv 102.14 Comm.

(c) somebody, something; a certain person or thing . In sg.: araill tra cairigedarsom there is a certain thing (?) (`there are other things now which he blames'), Wb. 25b9 . So also: [con]-secha alaill indib (`he corrects another thing in them'), 26c1 . aroile do lāmhoip S. Niclās `one of the hands', Fl. Earls 80.20 . ba ingnad liasna Fomoire alaill tarfas doib isin cath a certain thing, RC xii 92 § 122 . atpert aroile fris `a certain man', Stair Erc. 1449 . Note also: ara ara bélaib isin charput sin araile forseng fánfota forbrec a charioteer in front of him . . . and he was, LU 9274 . In pl.: is sí cétbaid alanaile `this is the opinion of some', Ml. 36a1 . circunflex la grecu for alailib diib, Sg. 208b8 . With DI: araill d'feraib Midi `some of the men of M.', RC xviii 23.31 . do deachaidh fein cona mac . . . ┐ ar oile dia mhuintir innte, Leb. Gab.(i) 242.26 . d'foraithmet araill dona neithibh remraiti, 272.6 . araill d'áes na cemenn sin, CCath. 86 .

(d) As adv. (d s n.) arailiu `otherwise', Wb. 21a13 (introducing an alternative explanation); cf. alailiu chruth gl. aliter, Ml. 98d1 . alailiu, Wb. 9a23 (see Bergin, Ériu xiv 29 ; xvii 1; Pedersen, Ériu xv 188 ). alaile, Anecd. iii 59.2 . araili .i. gne eile, Laws iv 68.3 . Perh. also in TBC-I¹ 1044 , TBC-LL¹ 1833 ff. (reading ... cadān co leith. Allaile (alailiu LU) dia tonda etc.) .

C. The form (a)la, al(l).

I As adj.

(a) other, one of two, second (in this use a `compositional prefix', GOI § 394 ): all-aidchi on another night, IT ii2 194.21 . alachéill in sin, ZCP viii 313.29 . Morc .i. ala flaith na Fomoire, Leb. Gab.(i) 80.30 . béra cend ríg alathúaithi lat, BDD² 727 . fria lesa alabrugh of other territories, O'Curry 454 ( H 3.18, 242a ). rogrād fir alathīre 'great love of a man of another land', Ériu ii 15 § 2 . ? nach for ala thire tí tarrassais 'that you did not abide upon the surface of another land', PMLA lvi 940 ( LL 37013 ). li ala lécuinn Saul `by one of S.'s cheeks', Ml. 55c1 . ala n-or di i teg, a n-aill fri sīn, Corm. Y 35 (aurso). ala thred dub alaili find, Anecd. i 57 § 58 . tēora blaī būirig . . . blaī mescae . . . alablaī dúnaid la túatha téchtai tecraiter the second exemption, ZCP xi 83.1 . cath Ocha alachath `the second battle', RC xiii 54.10 . ala-chor second contract, Laws ii 274.z . mád ala feacht iar mbrethaib forru `for the second time', 66.16 . See also under compds. and 1 al. See also under allabrig.

(b) With article ind ala one of two, (the) one (. . . the other) (see also B II (a) supra): dotóeth indala fiacail airthir a chinn `one of the two teeth', Thes. ii 248.9 . arambé indala rann cen diall `that one of the two parts be undeclined', Sg. 74b6 . ind ala c. gl. praetermisit unam c (i.e. by writing hoc for hocc), 205b5 . co lluid tré scíath n-ete indala heóin one of the two birds, LU 3282 ( SCC § 7 ). doroigu ind ala fer . . . et romiscsigestar alaile, Wb. 4c16 . is léir dorigni indala lestar is dínnimu dongní alaill, 4c32-33 . ni coir dídnad dondala lucht et troscud dond lucht ailiu, 16c20 . īadais andala (indara, LU) sūil . . . asoilg alaile, TBC-I¹ 394 . benaid . . . Mac Cecht a chend dondala fir . . . ro boí in fer aile oc élúd, LU 7942 . Loch nE. dindala leith di ┐ Slíab C. dind leith ailiu, Trip.² 1957 . Later indara: indara láim dó fri ubull bragat in chon. dobeir araile fria chúl one of his hands, LU 5012 . indara fecht . . . canait ceol . . . in fecht n-aill contúaset fri ceól muintire nime, 1978 ( FA 5 ). is hé indara fer . . . ró an . . . Donnmal int aili, Trip.² 1521 .

(c) ind ala the second (cf. tánaiste): cengsat siar dind ara chur `for the second time', Metr. Dinds. iii 4.33 . isin dara cét lá deidenach don ré `on the second last day of the term', Laws iv 136.1 Comm. Hence in compd. numerals: ala rann deac `one twelfth', Thes. ii 13.29 (BCr.). issed indala nainmm déc the twelfth name, Thr. Ir. Gl. 25.9 = indara hainm, Corm. Y 750 . indala descipul lxx at the seventy-second disciple, Laws i 20.2 Comm. fir errainne co alasét sesed with sixty-two `séts' ZCP xii 361.21 . ?torad cach trethain ala cairrge, Laws v 484.2 (Comm. takes as all beyond). Cf. co treathan ala cairge no ala caire, O'Curry 20 ( H 3.18, 9a ).

(d) cach (a)la every other, every second: cach la céin . . . in céin naili sometimes . . . sometimes, Ml. 19b1, 3 . cachlacein `alternately', Mon. Tall. 146.29 (§ 52) . is i fescur cachlacēin / dlegar dīdnad dōib they are entitled to a meal on alternate days at vesper-time (of fasting regulations), ZCP xiii 29.14 . cach la sel dún for imrádud dé in sel aile for precept `at one time meditating on God, at another time preaching', Wb. 15d9 . ammarbad cach la sel iarum do a mbeogud indtale dia marbad `he continues alternately to mortify and revive them from their dying state', Mon. Tall. 147.16 (§ 52) . bó cona timthuch cech la blíadnai . . . colp[d]ach ḟirenn lee in mblíadnai n-aili every second year, Críth G. 266 . cach alablīa[dain] every second year, Corm. Y 1082 ( Anecd. iv 96.16 ). cach ara bliadain, Laws iv 140.29 Comm. druinech cechla bean / crecōir cechla fer, ZCP ix 170.17 . ate cuir treineacha la Feine cach la fear dia urgaire, alaili dia forngaire, Laws iv 54.13 . gach re n-am alternately, Dán Dé v 41 .

II n As subst. indala n-aí (invariable) one of the two: is dochu ind ala nái oldaas a n-aill, Wb. 4b24 . togu ind ala n-ái . . . damnad alaili `to choose one of the twain . . . to condem the other', 4c13 . ci atbela ind ala n-ái ni epil alaill, Sg. 30a3 . ind ala n-aí antúaid alaile andess, 67b22 . co n-accai in da mnaí . . . indala n-ai brat úaine impe alaili brat corcra, LU 3285 ( SCC § 8 ). elcuig indalanae, ruibidh alailiu, ZCP viii 105.11 . da fítt . . . inddala hí do tabirt do Día . . . araile do tomailt fadein, Mon. Tall. 161.10 (§ 80) . Later also ala (n-)aí: ar lēicse ala aí di arailiu, ZCP xv 316 § 10 . ni frith ala ai do thacru, 354 § 42 . dá [n]dorus [n]-and—comla[e] ar ala n-aí, clíath ar alailiu, Críth G. 101 . bōthar, talla dā boin fair .i. alanāi for fot alaile for tarsnae, Corm. Y 1082 ( Anecd. iv 96.17 ).

COMPDS. cosnamach fri hailecricha, Ériu viii 173.28 . i n-ailithír, Trip.² 2033 . asna hailithírib foreign countries, TTr.² 1747 (cf. ailithir). aile máthair, Sg. 152a2 (not treated as compd. by GOI § 394 . Perh. infl. by the Lat. altera mater ). See also C I (a) above.

Ana

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Ana or dil.ie/3247

pn name of a goddess (see Sjoestedt-Jonval and Dillon, Gods and Heroes of the Celts 24 ): A.¤ .i. mater deorum Hibernensium. Robo maith didiu robīathais sī deos; de cuius nomine ana .i. imed, de cuius nomine Dā Chīc[h] nAnund, Corm. Y 31 . is innti (i.e. in Munster) nó adhradh bandía in tṡónusa .i. A.¤ a hainm-sein ┐ is uaithi sidhe isberar Da Chigh Anann ós Luachair Degad, Cóir Anm. 1 . Badb ┐ Macha ┐ Anand dia tát Cichi Anand i lLuachair, LL 1121 (cf. RC i 37 ). íath Anann, name for Ireland: lán binn buadhach brúctaidh fri híath nAnann, Ériu xiii 40.25 . Anann (.i. imbith) .i. Eire, ut est brucht fri iath n-Anann .i. bruchtuigh fri iath n-Erenn .i. bandea .i. sofis fri fileda, O'Dav. 46 . Anann .i. Eireann, O'Cl.

ar-muinethar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-muinethar or dil.ie/4217
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: arasmuinethar, ardamunethar, armunter, armentar, arammentar, arammuinfetar, arrumuinset, airmitiu, airmitnigid(ir)

v (* air-muin-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 580 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. arasmuinethar, Ml. 36a18a . ardamunethar, 124c16 . Pass. sg. armunter, Ml. 28a5 . armuinntear .i. áirmidhear no beannaighthear, O'Cl. Subj. pres. 3 s. co armentar , Wb. 31c10 . Pass. sg. arammentar, Ml. 61a11 . Fut. 1 s. arat-muinfersa, Ml. 63a3 . 3 pl. arammuinfetar, Ml. 61a16 . Pret. 3 pl. arrumuinset, Ml. 90a1 (? leg. -fet, note). ? sg. pass. air-met, PMLA lvi 940 .

Vn. airmitiu.

Cf. airmitnigid(ir).

In phrase a.¤ féid (see 5 fíad) honours, venerates: arammuinfetar feid huili doini talman `all men of the earth will honour Him', Ml. 61a16 . domberat ní do neuch ardamunethar feid `who worships them', 124c16 . Without féid: armuinter (admuinter v.l.) a ḟéli `thou veneratest his feast', Fél. Oct. 2 . armuinter (admuinter v.l.) la flaithi `venerated by princes', May 6 . arromuinset dóib sochaidi impu (of relics), Trip.² 2831 . ni airmentar in (= i ?) scriptuir mathair collaide gl. mater carnis non indicatur, Rawl. B 512, 75a (Plummer MS notes).

? atcher

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? atcher or dil.ie/4580

ind mana a.¤ tra sin, ol se, ticfat na Troianae for chreachaib do slaitt . . . na Greci, LL 397b52 (corresponding to mana mater trá sin, TTr.² 85 ). Cf. ad-fen?

Búanann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Búanann or dil.ie/7272

pn (1 búan + 1 finn ?)

(a) expld. as nurse of warriors; name of a goddess, `the Minerva of the pagan Irish,' O'Don. Suppl.; `The Lasting One, ` Gods and Heroes of the Celts, Sjoestedt and Dillon 26 . Būanand mumi na fīan .i. bé nAnand ar chosmaile diblīnaib. Amail robo māthair dēa indī Anu, sic Būanand quasi mater erat na fīan. Ailiter: Būanond .i. daghmāthair, in būan is bon .i. dondī as bonum, ut dicitur: `genithir būan ō ambuan' .i. maith ō ulc. A n-and fil isinnī is Būanand, is ed fil isinnī is Anand .i. mater deorum. Būanand .i. daghmāthair ac foircetal gaiscid do fīanuib, Corm. Y 104. Corm. 5. `buanann' buime go bláith ciuin, Metr. Gl. 34.24 . ac Scáthaig buadaig buanand, LL 10886 (Táin 3445). a mBrian dan buanann buime, glossed: B. muime na bhfiann, etc. (note f.), Hard. ii 290.14 .

(b) As name of fountain: Buanann glossed perpetuus, V. SS. Hib. i 54 n. 7 .

Note also: at búanaind bodelbae (rhet.), LU 8366 ( FB 24 ).

Decuill

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Decuill or dil.ie/14970

Forms: Decuil, Dicuill, Decoll

Decuil, Dicuill, gen. npr. m. n s. †Decoll. Father of Fergus: macc Cairill maicc Fergosso maicc Decuill, Ardm. 19 a 1 . Thes. ii 364. 20 . Father of Dega: Dega mac Dicuill (: thuill) LL 205 b 6 . Husband of Cuimne: Cuimne mater filiorum meic Decuil, Thes. ii 281. 14 . See Deggell.

Deggell

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Deggell or dil.ie/15078
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: Decull, Decell, Degell, Deigell, Deichell, Deighell, Decull, Decuill, Decill, Deigill, Deichell, Deighill, Decell, Degell, Dechell, Degell, Deghell, Deighell, Deggill, Deigill, Deggell, Decell, Decill, Deighill, Deichill, Degel, Decill, Decill, Deichill, Degel, Decell, Decill, Decell, Decell, Decill, Decell, Decell

o, npr. m. Also spelled Decull, Decell, Degell, Deigell; Deichell, Deighell. Possibly a cpd. of deg + gell, though in an old npr. like this one would expect rather †Dag-gell.—Oldest spelling Decull: g s. Decuill, Ardm. 19 a 1 : Cairell mac Ferguso maic Decuill; a Fergus mac Deichill is mentioned BB 200 b 43 ; meic Decuil, Thes. ii 281. 14 = Decill, Reeves Ad. 247 n.f. = Deigill BB 212 b 24 . For the broad -gg- cf. -accai sees (beside -aicci). Mid.-Ir. Deichell and Deighill are, at least partly, to be judged as corrupt renderings of older Decell, Degell, which as a npr. had become obs. long before the Mid.-Ir. period. A genuine Ir. †Dechell or †Degell (i.e. Deghell) is not sufficiently supported.

Deggell mac Nadṡluaig father of Coirpre, the bishop. Deighell, LL 384 b 28 , 29 . g s. Deggill, Trip. 166. 19 (Rawl.). Decill, LL 348 f 34 . mac Deigill , BB 218 b 9 . Deggell, Adamn.

Decell mac Caitt brother of Oengus and Conall and grandson of Fothad. n s. Decell, LL 313 a 59 , 61 . Rawl. 120 b 37 . BB 124 b 25 , 26 (Decell a quo .h. Rechtabra). g s. Decill, LL 385 a 56 . 351 g 2 . Deighill: Brecán mac D.¤ meic Caitt, BB 222 b 44 = LL 351 g 2 .

Decell mac Brain father of Cellach and grandson of Suibne mac Blatchon. g s. Deichill, BB 145 b 35 . Degel (sic), 149 d 4 .

Decell mac Gaithi father of Locán. g s. Decill, BB 154 c 17 .

Mac Decill mac Meic Fintain, BB 228 b 51 .

Mac Decill mac Meic Laisri grandson of Fiachan. g s. Decill, BB 144 c 50 . Deichill, 145 b 40 . Degel (sic), 149 d 9 .

Mac Dechill .h. Labrada, BB 144 f 19 , 48 .

Decell father of Fiacan BB 144 f 25 (g s. Decill).

Decell father of Fintan. F. mac Decill, Rawl. 92 h 35 .

Decell father of Molaisse Rawl. 93 d 35 (g s. Decill).

Decell father of Maernoc and Caiscéne : dá mac Deigill .i. Maernoc ┐ Cascēne, BB 212 b 24 . Cf. Cuimne mater filiorum Meic Decuil qui nominantur Mernooc et Cascene et Meldal et Bran, Reeves Ad. 246. 6 (= Thes. ii 281. 14 ). Husband of Cumán, sister of Colum Cille: Mernocc mac Decill derbhráthair do Chaisín mac Decill ┐ Cumán siúr Colaim Cille a máthair, ib. 247 n.f .

Decell: vii meic Aengusa .i. Maine &c....nó meic Deichill ut alii , BB 200 b 43 . n.l. Cella Septem Filiorum Degilli, Trias Thaum. 478 a. n. 3 ( Reeves Ad. 246 n.f. ).

Deicell Find Aithech Érand, LL 48 b 44 .

Further instances: Mac Decill is mac Bresail, BB 144 f 25 . mac Deichill, 148 b 8 . tar cenn Dechill déin ITS vii 84 st 7 . ar ndíth Déicill, Acall. 4988 .

do-lue

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-lue or dil.ie/18050

n.pr. m.: Do-Lúe Croibigi, Trip.² 841 . Rigell mater du Luae Chroibige, Trip. ii 349 .

fersad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fersad or dil.ie/21739

n f. (?) verse: do ḟreagair an ḟersad ... .i. Maria mater gratiae , Ériu v 92.23 . Probably merely a bad spelling for fersa.

1 íath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 íath or dil.ie/27115

Forms: iath, iatha, iath, iaith Chuirc, n-íath, iaithe, iaith, iaith

n Orig. u, n. n s. iath nAnann, O'Curry 1409 (< H 3.18, p. 635 ). g s. iatha, Laws i 254. 19 Comm. n p. araile iath , O'Curry 416b (< H 3.18, p. 229a ). Later as o, m.: g s. cláir-iaith Chuirc , Keat. Poems 1467. g p. na n-íath , LU 3558 ; and as ā, f.: g s. gach iaithe , O'Gr. Cat. 663.13. d s. san iaith engaig, 518.9 . ar iaith , Keat. ii 5728.

land, country; territory, estate : quia est `iath' ferann ┐ `iath' mind, RC xx 156 § 5 (ACC). i rrigiath .i. hí ferann ind ríg nemda `in the royal land' (gl. i rrichid), Thes. ii 349.39 ( Hy. v Comm. ). ala n-i.¤ ... .i. ala ferann, O'Curry 416b (< H 3.18, p. 229a ). is `í.¤' sean-ainm gach feruinn, Metr. Gl. 14 § 28. `iath' ferann, `iath' cloth cin coll, `iat[h]' cloc ocus `iath' cochall, 3.8 . cotluid ... do nimiath iarna croich .i. is amlaid doluidseom co i.¤ nime iarna chessad, RC xx 270 § 92 (ACC). ranic i.¤ nad adaig aiccesdar `he has reached the country (where) night is not seen', § 34. oll .i. mor, ut est dar i.¤ olla imrulla .i. ro eimerluaidhestar tar feranna mora, O'Dav. 1314. bit araile i.¤ ar deitin fri saegal naenfir .i. bit araile ferainn ┐ bithar ina naititin re ré saegail aenfir estate, O'Curry 416b (< H 3.18, p. 229a ). māl adrūalaid īatha marb `ein Fürst ist in die Gefilde der Toten dahingegangen,' Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 6 § 1. rostriall ... | i n-iathaib aidbli aniuil, SR 3526. in sudigud bias i n-i.¤ (glossed: .i. hi tír) Sion, LU 578. no sirfed Herind na n-í.¤ | d'íc meic Connaid, 3558 . ech ... athechtai í.¤ n-etarmaige eter mothru ┐ amréthi, 8632 . trebfait iathu Emna, LL 122b36 . rop ḟerrde int apstal ōnd i.¤ (v.l. ond fhiadh) `from the place,' Ériu ix 45 § 7. re techt a n-i.¤ n-ecomlainn `lorsqu'il s'avance sur le champ de bataille,' RC xliii 26.24 . gurbo sgarthain c[h]rīche re cinedhuib ┐ gurbo delugad iatha re h-aicmedhaibh ..., ML² 1114. ladronn leointe gach iaithe `robber despoiling every land,' O'Gr. Cat. 663.13. ar na clannaib ba shia cennas san iaith engaig Fhódla so, 518.9 . is tréigthe ar iathaibh as fhearr | sléibhte iathair na hÉireann, DDána 74 § 43. ro cruinnighsiot na hiatha ┐ na haicmedha roptar coimhnes dóibh rempa ┐ na ndedhaidh `the [inhabitants of the] lands and the tribes in their vicinity collected behind and before them,' AFM vi 2316.3 .

In many poetical names of Ireland: Iath nAnann .i. Eiriu .i. Anu mater deorum, O'Curry 1409 ( H 3.18, p. 635 ). cuicir druad ... | is ferr taraill i.¤ fuinid, Acall. 2541. fa éanchnoc d'I.¤ Úghoine, TD 4 § 16. ar n-ionnarbadh ó i.¤ Ír, DDána 46 § 5. tréanfhlaith Mhachaire Caisil is cláir-iaith Chuirc, Keat. Poems 1467.

COMPDS. ¤aicenta (? aicenta natural) whose land is uncultivated: otha Osghleann iath-aicenta Umhaill ` well-known ,' MR 104.5 . ¤bla (bla land, place): ōen-ocht mblīadan do Āed Ollán macc Domnaill ōs īathbla `over the meadowy land,' Arch. Hib. ii 48 § 7. ¤bech wild bee?: Ceand Esgrach na n-aballgort | adbha dona hiathbeachaib, BB 292b14 . ¤bog: ó chrích iathbhuig Almhan `of Almha's fertile meadow,' TD 16 § 28. ¤garb: neach do chosain an eang iathgharbh `the rugged district,' AFM vi 2240.7 . ¤glan having, or surrounded by, fair lands: eass ardmor, iathglan, imreasnach, MR 104.12 . 'mon ccaomh-fód iath-ghlan fairsing, BNnÉ 251.4 . isin purt iathglan gorm gle, BB 23a47 . cenn cosnamha ocus cabhartha innsi iath-gloine Erenn, MR 96.3 . ¤gorm: ag díon Eirenn iathguirme `in defence of green-soiled Ireland,' O'Gr. Cat. 465.20. a bfiadh Eirionn iathghuirme `in the land of Erin of green meadows,' Studies 1919, 438 § 2 . ¤mag level land, plain : co toracht íath-mag n-Érend, Metr. Dinds. ii 30.52 . fo īat[h]maige mórglana, Ériu iv 162.10 . fonenaig Hérenn íathmaige `he purified Ireland's meadow-lands,' Thes. ii 322.8 ( Hy. iii ). i n-óen na n-íath-mag n-aníuil, Metr. Dinds. iv 66.108 . brōnaig eōin cach īathmaige `of every meadow-field,' Ériu vii 2.y . ¤maigrech : Ere iathmaighrech `salmon-bearing Ireland,' Ériu viii 10.27 . ¤mass expanse of territory: ri c[ria]thras usce n-an, n-úar | for iathmass na n-al n-ollmuad, SR 42. for cach n-iathmass, 7938 . ¤phort landing place?: corogab íath-port nÉrenn `till it found a level shore of Erin,' Metr. Dinds. iii 192.38 . ¤shliab mountain territory: dáeine for bru m'iathsleibe, Anecd. ii 20 § 5.

maidid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. maidid or dil.ie/31300
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: maided, maidid, muidid, fors[a]-maid, forsa-moith, resa-maid, máith, rumaith, maides, maiti, maitti, maidi, maidti, muitti, mutti, maidit, madit, muidit, máis, má, mæ, mai, maidsed, maidfed, con-roimsitis, memais, mebais, mmema, mema, roima, con-memsam-ne, mebusmet, mensat, memsat, memsad, mmebsat, mbebsat, memsite, con-mebsad, mebsaitis, memaid, mmemaid, mmebaid, ro-m-memaid, mebaid, rróemid, rroímid, roimidh, ráemid, rraimid, rommid, remid, remaidh, reimidh, rimheadh, raoimhidh, raeimeadh, memdaitir, memdatar, mebdatar, mebatar, mebhadar, mhebhatar, roimdeta, con-róemtatar, maidter, mater, mebais, meb-, mheabhas, mheabtaís, meba, mebat, mebaidh, meabhai, mebsat, meabhsattar, romhebadh, — mébas, — mébad, maid-, moid-, maidi, muidhi, maidfid, muidhfes, muigfis, maidfit, maidfed, maidhis, moidis, maid, maid, muidh, moigh, maidset, muidhset, moigsed, mhuigheadar, muidfer, muided, maedhed, muid-, maoidh-, maidm, ma, maidhis, maitti, maidter, maíded

v i. s-subj. and fut., redupl. pret. Forms. Imp. 3 s. maided, Wb. 7c4 . Pres. 3 s. maidid, LU 3720 ( SCC 33 ). muidid, LB 127a8 . fors[a]-maid, Ml. 115d12 . forsa-moith, 110d10 . resa-maid, TBC-I¹ 3575. ni máith , Corm. Y 419. (perfective) rumaith, Ml. 51c9 . rel. maides, TBC-LL¹ 4689. With pron. aff.: maiti, LU 4925 (= maithi, TBC-I¹ 440 ). maitti, LU 5201 , 6666 ( TBC-I¹ 723 , 2127 ). maidi, maidti, Ériu iii 141.202 , 203 . muitti, LU 1582 ( IT ii2 212.3 ), 6212 ( TBC-I¹ 1722 ). mutti, 1523 ( MU 52 ), 5940 ( TBC-I¹ 1474 ). 3 pl. maidit, IT i 105.13 . madit, Ériu ii 122.4 . muidit, iii 138.100 .

Subj. pres. 3 s. máis, LL 238b38 , 239a15 ( TTr. 1625 , 1647 ). mani má , LU 7121 ( BDD 80 ). Corm. Y 70. mona mæ , TBC-LL¹ 4754 , cf. 4979 , 5579 (for fut.). ní mai , Anecd. ii 31.4 .

Subj. impf. 3 s. no maidsed , TBC-LL¹ 830 , 840 (for cond.; leg. maidfed?) 3 pl. con-roimsitis, TBC-I¹ 3618.

Fut. 3 s. memais, Trip. 138.7 . SR 4705. mebais, 8320 . co mmema , LU 6099. ní mema , Ml. 89c11 . mani roima (for subj.), ib. 2 pl. con-memsam-ne, TBC-I¹ 3578. mebusmet, IT ii2 247.6 . 3 pl. co mensat (leg. memsat), LU 6097 = co memsad , TBC-I¹ 1626. co mmebsat , LU 6092 = co mbebsat , TBC-I¹ 1620. rel. memsite, TBC-I¹ 3087.

Cond. 3 s. con-mebsad (for subj.), TBC-LL¹ 5881. 3 pl. mebsaitis, TBC-I¹ 3547.

Pret. 3 s. memaid, SR 4765. Trip. 194.15 . co mmemaid , TBC-I¹ 578 = co mmebaid , LU 5066. ro-m-memaid, Ml. 127d6 . Mon. Tall. § 72. ro mebaid , SR 6913 , 6953 . co rróemid , LU 7946 ( BDD 157 ) = cu rroímid , BDD² ( Med. and Mod. Ir. Ser. viii ). co roimidh , AU 946. co ráemid , LU 9605 ( ZCP iii 206.18 ). co rraimid , IT i 76.5 . co rommid , Trip. 8.17 . co remid , AU 920 (p. 442.11) , 1016 . co remaidh , 995 , 998 , 1003 . co reimidh , AFM v 1536.9 . go rimheadh , ii 808.3 . go raoimhidh , ii 580.14 . go raeimeadh , vi 2040.10 . 3 pl. memdaitir, LU 5316 ( TBC-I¹ 839 ). memdatar, Corm. Y 950. ro mebdatar , SR 2522. ro mebatar , Alex. 31 , and so in late texts: cor mebhadar , CCath. 2031 , 2125 . ro mhebhatar , Lism. L. 2972. co roimdetar, Ériu ii 30.16 . con-róemtatar, Anecd. iii 61.9 .

Pass. pres. maidter, TBC-I¹ 3573. subj. pr. má[n]a mater , TTr.² 85.

1 in Mid.Ir. the 3 s. fut. mebais is occasionally used as a pret., e.g. LU 3791 ( SCC 36 ), Lism. L. 4051 , RC xiii 8.3 , and gives rise to a conjugation with stem meb-: Pres. 3 s. rel. mheabhas, Content. vi 68. Impf. 3 pl. no mheabtaís , BS 36.28 . Subj. pr. 3 s. dia meba , Ériu v 236.80 . 3 pl. mebat, Lat. Lives 106.4 . Fut. 3 s. mebaidh, Cog. 90.9 (= mébaidh?), cf. 144.7 . memaid for Cenél Conaill 'he will defeat Cenél Conaill', B. in Scáil² 43 § 43 . hi meabhai , BNnÉ 16.23 . Pret. 3 pl. ro mebsat , Lat. Lives 106.8 . meabhsattar, BNnÉ 84.7 . Pass. pret. romhebadh, Lism. L. 1550 , 1553 . — mébas, Alex. 212 ; — mébad, LB 129b32 seem intended for 3 s. rel. fut. and cond. respectively.

2 the pres. stem maid- (muid-, moid-) is used in Mid.Ir. to form subj., fut. and pret.: Subj. 3 s. mana maidi , TBC-I¹ 3577. dā muidhi , Fianaig. 84.14 . Fut. 3 s. maidfid, SR 6492. (rel.) muidhfes, Aen. 2451. muigfis, 2454 . 3 pl. maidfit, LU 9615 (wrongly máid-, ZCP iii 208 § 8 ). Cond. 3 s. no maidfed , SR 5036. Pret. 3 s. maidhis, AU i 532.5 , ii 72.3 . moidis, Lat. Lives 71.13 . ro maid , TBC-I¹ 774. diar' maid , SR 5582. ro muidh , AU 1022 , 1024 . corro moigh , Anecd. iii 37.6 . 3 pl. ro maidset , TBC-LL¹ 3824. ro muidhset , ZCP xi 62.4 . ro moigsed , xii 292.21 . do mhuigheadar , ML 96.2 . Pass. fut. muidfer, RC x 184.8 . pret. ro muided , ZCP viii 561.12 . nar' maedhed , Gorm. Dec. 8 . The stem muid- occas. becomes maoidh- in late texts.

vn. maidm.

In lit. sense breaks, bursts , intrans. but in 3 s. pres. occas. used with affixed reflex. pron. ma .i. briseadh, O'Cl. (3 s. subj. pr.). maidhis .i. brisis, ib. Eg. Gl. 458.

I Used like `bris(s)id' in the idiom: maidid (in cath, etc.) re (ria) A for B (the battle) breaks before A on B = A defeats B.

(a) with subj. expressed: nach comland i mbeithi, memais foraib ye shall be routed, Trip. 138.17 . co roemid in cath . . . for slog Filistín, SR 5891. cor mebaid in cath ria Concobar for Eochaid C. won the battle over E., Ériu ii 180.13 . muidit secht catha re nOsseirge for na Déise, iii 138.100 . mad romaib muigfis in cath-sa for Tuirnn, Aen. 2454. ní mai cath . . . riana gnúis may he never win battle, Anecd. ii 3 § 2 . ni ḟitir cia fora mébad in cath who would be defeated, LB 129b32 = cia fors-maidfid, SR 6492. memaith for Dál nA. in cath sin, ZCP viii 314.13 . Similarly with maidm as subj.: ro muid sruth-maidm . . . forro they were driven helter-skelter, ZCP xiii 238.14 . ceithri tuathao . . . fora roémsat tri madmand who were thrice routed, 4.11 . viii 115.3 .

(b) with omission of subj.: in tan ro mmemaid re nAbracham forsna coíc riga, Ml. 127d6 , cf. 89c11 . ria n-aṅgliu . . . mebais for demnu the angels will defeat the demons, SR 8320 , cf. 5582 . memaiss for Aed re nAed (a prophecy), ZCP xii 232 § 43. tic Labraid . . . ┐ mebais riam forsna slógu he defeated, SCC 36. mad romut máis . . . mad fort maides, LL 332c57 , 60 . maidhis for Gallu, AU 1014. dirsan flaith forsa-roemid, RC xxxvi 262 § 10 . dursan rī forsar-maig, Cog. 32.24 = fors-rœmidh, AFM i 508.17 . Galam ar nar raimhidh ríamh who was never worsted, Leb. Gab.(i) i 238.18 . With advbl. phrase denoting direction, the notion of flight being implicit: maidti forru sair co hAndobor they are routed, Ériu iii 141.203 . muiti riasna buaib fors[n]a linni she is driven before (by) the cattle to the pools (?), TBC-I¹ 1722. ro memaid ria maccaib Cathail as Indiu co lLuachair, LL 275b1 . ro mebaid forsna Troiándu docum a cathrach, TTr.² 1567. Fig.: go ro mheabhaidh for a ghlór till his voice gave way, AFM vi 2288.1 . meabhaidh ar mo ghuth ón ghol, Ir. Monthly 1927, 361.40 . da muidhi hi cond céilli `if they be worsted in sense and reason', Fianaig. 84.14 .

(c) occas. with LA or other prep. of victor: brister immairecc fairsom et maided fair lib let him be routed by you, Wb. 7c4 . for Oilill . . . meabais la Dal nAraidhi O. will be defeated by D., MacCarthy 396.27 . meabaidh lais a lochtaidhe `his guilt was vanquished by him', Leb. Gab.(i) i 36.12 . con-róemtatar dā chath huad forru, Anecd. iii 61.9 . ro mebatar ilchatha fria Pilip, Alex. 31 , where fria prob. = ria of l. 30 representing the prep. ria, re `before'.

(d) maidid de (do) x = x is routed, put to flight, and in wider sense, flees, (or without notion of flight) rushes: maidid día muntir-seom for teched, TBC-I¹ 1476. mutti dont slóg immi di cach leith the host rushes about him (of an ambush), 1474 . go ro memaid do graigib Gaedel the horses of the G. broke loose, TBC-LL¹ 3823 , cf. 3826 , 6065 . ro mebaid do na Págánda the pagans were routed, PH 7266. gur mhúigh do na Gallaib d'iarraidh a long, Ériu i 87.11 . With subj. expressed: cor memaid roscbéim rígdaide díb triasin cath (= they made a brilliant charge), CRR 34. do mhuigh bloiscbhém bodhba do na cathoibh cechtardha a ccenn a chéle, ITS v 184.25 . meabhaidh maidhmh díobh gus na scoraibh, Hugh Roe fo. 39a .

II In personal construction:

(a) in physical sense breaks (= is broken), bursts, gives way: mani má in talam fúe, BDD 80 , cf. TBC-LL¹ 4754 , TBC-I¹ 3577. maidid cridi cech duni dia seirc, SCC 33. ni máith cridhe cē chīe, Corm. Y 419 = Bruchst. i § 96.6 . madit a shuili inna cinn, Ériu ii 122.4 . co mmemaidh a chenn frisinn ailich, Lat. Lives 53. ro memaid coss ind ríg i ndó, Mon. Tall. § 72. co mbeba do ser fout, IT ii 247.8 . notgēb-sa im ladair co mbebsat [mmebsat LU] t'asnai, TBC-I¹ 1620. maitti immi-seom in dabach, LU 5201 = maiti . . . dabaich, TBC-I¹ 991. in bail . . . hi meabhai [a mbeabh v.l.] iris bhar tteighi liubair, BNnÉ 16 § 26. mebais ind roth ramhuch (a prophecy), ZCP x 343.26 . co ráemid in cholcid, LU 10478 (Tochmarc Emere). co raimdetar úammand a cholcthech the seams . . . burst, TBC-LL¹ 109. na craobha no mheabhtaís fó a chosaibh, BS 36.28 . mani má do á unless thy car break, Corm. Y 70 (cf. Ériu xi 43 ). memdaitir a carpait leu oc comroc, TBC-I¹ 839. meabhsattar na tri glais the three bolts burst, BNnÉ 84.7 . corro moigh bernn ind a gap was broken, Anecd. iii 37.6 .

(b) of persons, is routed, flees; rushes, makes a dash: maidti munter Fhergusa hi teiched, maidti Ailill i n-a ndiaidh F.'s people take to flight, A. gives them chase, IT ii2 210.66 (LL = maitte, Eg.). [ni]con-memsam-ne de sund we will not flee from this spot, TBC-I¹ 3578. maidit na sluaig for na dorsi . . . maidit immach assind liss, IT i 105.13 , 16 . muidig [= muidid] N. futha-san mar luas [fh]aindile, ZCP xiii 213.2 . memaid saithe . . . siardess co Mondornd, viii 308.14 . Leb. Gab.(i) i 278.20 . mebdatar a n-noí díib they (Síl Cuinn) fled in a ship (?), ZCP viii 313.35 , a confusion with the construction I (d).

(c) of things, bursts forth, gushes, springs up, arises: ro mebdatar [sruamma] tria thalmain, SR 2522. co rommid topar usque ass, Trip. 8.17 = Lat. Lives 44. mebais trethan dar cach tír the sea will break over every country, RC xxvi 48 § 251 . ro meabatar na da loch, Leb. Gab.(i) i 74.10 . i n-aimsir N. ro mhuidhsiod na locha so, Keat. i p. 176 . ro mhuidhset teora tipraite . . . assin talmain, Fl. Earls 210.3 . ro mebaid loim cráo dar a bél, CRR 12. co roimidh salchur a chinn dar a chluasaib immach, Cáin Ad. § 14. is aíble tened moidit trem chroicenn, Lat. Lives 84. co maiged a duibdiad ┐ a lasra a huamaib in tshlebi amach, Aen. 142. ro mebutar .xiiii. [diasa do chruithnecht] a muigib na Bethile sprang up, LB 133a5 . ro mheabhaidh na bairilledha in n-áen breó lasrach burst into flame, exploded, AFM vi 2012.8 .

Further extensions: mebais a fháitbiud gáire for Fergus F. burst out laughing, CRR 18. gur mhaoidh orruinn gean gáire, Oss. vi 8.19 . ro maidh a cai for in n-apach the corpse began to wail, CCath. 4218. gor muidh a déra tar a gruadaibh, 4219 . S. Franciscus forar mhuidhset coic crechta (of the stigmata), Fl. Earls 162.18 . Cf. also: mebais din boilgg innocht `it will burst from the boil' (? the boil will burst or disappear, cf. I (d)), Ériu iv 32.4 .

(d) rarely in late texts, with FOR (AR), breaks, vanquishes: scél fár mheabhuigh sé ar an síth `with which he shattered the peace', Ériu iv 214.3 . a ghrasaigh ghloin do mhuidh ar mhídhúilibh, Ó Bruad. i 24 § 9.

III Trans. breaks, defeats, shatters (in physical and fig. sense); an uncommon use chiefly in pass., perh. due to the form maitti (= maidid -i) being taken as pret. pass. maidter rempi fo thri, TBC-I¹ 3573. xxx. cath ro mhebadh roime, Lism. L. 1550. maoidhtear rompa, Keat. i 204.5 . la Machair nar maedhed (.i. ó Diabhal), Gorm. Dec. 8. ó rom-maidh an scél (`the calamity having shattered me', O'Gr. Cat. ), Acall. 862. ? athgabail fir muides muilend `who breaks the rule respecting the mill', Laws i 194.27 . don fir isa soc ro mebadh `whose ploughshare was broken', 200.6 Comm. clann nar mhuidh móid who broke not covenant, Content. iv 36. a mheic Máire nach muidh mionn, Ir. Monthly 1928, 39.44 . ? nā maidid [maidigh, maigid MSS.] in t-echt noco ngaba fo thrí ar a anáil `let him not do the deed until he has three times kept his breath', Mer. Uil. 134 , cf. 137 ; perh. intrans. = II (c) above, if this vb.; leg. maíded = moíded?

máthair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. máthair or dil.ie/31678

Forms: máthir, mathir, máthar, mathar, máthair, máithre, -acha, máthar, maithr-each, -edh, mathair, mathri

n r, f. n s. máthir, Sg. 65a6 . d s. sen-mathir , Wb. 29d11 . g s. máthar, Sg. 31a12 , 61a22 . mathar, Ml. 71c15 . In Mid.Ir. freq. with guttural st. in pl. máthair (n p. máithre, -acha; g p. máthar, maithr-each, -edh), IGT Dec. § 32. In MSS. usually contracted.

A mother . mathair, gl. mater , Ir. Gl. 1052. mathair quasi mater , Corm. Y 852. fria athair ┐ fria mathair, TBC-LL¹ 196. eter in n-ingin ┐ a mmát[h]air, FB 6. imda mathair boed many a fond mother, AU 777 (poem). siur máthar (gl. matertera), Sg. 61a22 . bás mór máthar Íssu, Fél. Jan. 18. is clann én-athar ┐ én-máthar sínd .i. Adaim ┐ Eua, PH 7500. pl. mathri na fātha, SR 7471. dá mac dēc . . . con cethraib máthrechaib, 3008 . athra sceo mathra, ZCP xi 95 § 49. máthrecha na mac, PH 392. a mbronnaib a maithrech, IT i 19.38 = Trip. 444.2 . dáermacne . . . a lleth o mathrechaib on their mothers' side, TBC-LL¹ 1740. Of animals: boí in loeg immalle rá m.¤ , Lat. Lives 86. cairm hi tat a mmaithre na lloeg-sa, LU 1753. Fig.: as máthir a ṡotho feissin cach n-óenchrann, Sg. 65a6 . is i in scriptuir diada is m.¤ dona hulib iresachaib, LB 251b17 . mathair .i. tosach ut est: máthir coctha . . . eccuin want of common sense is the mother of war, O'Dav. 1212. m.¤ na n-olc an anumhla, PBocht 26.31 . m.¤ neantóg `the breeding of nettles', Zephaniah ii.9 .

Compd. máthar-marbthach, gl. matricida, Ir. Gl. 318.

tuilled

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tuilled or dil.ie/42331

Forms: tuille, tuilleamh, tuillti, tuillem

n o, m. vn. of do-lína. In Mod. Ir. somet. tuille, SG 273.3 . ML 184.13 . tuilleamh, 1 Chron. xxix 3 (by confusion with tuillem, q.v.). pl. tuillti, Cóir Anm. 70 (316.z) . IGT Verbs § 71.

(a) act of increasing, adding to: ni relic Dia Dauid dil | do th.¤ int slúagaid sin to add to the number of that host, SR 6430 . ni thechta duinne t.¤ noibscreptra dianechtair `it does not behove us to add to the Holy Scripture from without,' Hib. Min. 408 . dogniat arale immurgo guchoibsenae do thuildiud inda ldeth fadesin do tormuch pende foraib ┐ ni coir son, Mon. Tall. 153.1 .

(b) increase, additional quantity, supplement: A. ... doróine in t.¤ .i. a secundo uersu usque In finem laudis , Fél.² clvii 39 . muine airbiatar chuice in tuilledh `wenn ihm die `Zufüllung' nicht in Naturalleistungen geliefert worden ist,' ZCP xv 240 § 3 (perh. leg. tuillem, Thurn. Hdb. p. 241 ). cen tulled cen dígbáil with nothing added or deducted, LU 2548 . a n-umalóit do dénum cen t.¤ cen dígbail, PH 5094 . co fagba t.¤ `somewhat more,' Metr. Dinds. iv 362.152 . am tuillidh do char 'n-a gceann it is time to add to them, Aithd. D. 17.9 . deich cét toin can cleith ar ceal | fichi cét toin a tuillead (=i t.¤ in addition ?), Lec. 1721a28 . fer tuillid (name of a drinking-cup), SG 97.33 .

Introducing an additional paragraph or section: tuilleadh dod chéibh ... | uaim, a Aodh (introducing additional stanzas after dúnadh), DDána 84.46 . tuig tuille leat a leughthoir, MS. Mat. 583.3 . tuilleamh fós, 1 Chron. xxix 3.

In phrase co t.¤ and more: na briathra-sa co t.¤ , PH 1691 . fri re bliadhna co ttuilleadh, AFM ii 858.y . in saethar sin cona thuilledh, Aen. 871 . Note also: Amentes se seacht a shel | a tri rotheacht dia thuillead in addition (?), Lec. 27vb6 . ni bia acht nos do thuillead dam it will be merely additional reputation for me (?), 212vb6 .

(c) With follg. gen.: t.¤ péne, LU 2098 . a th.¤ nua-pheccaid (of the body), PH 8227 . ? tuille cloinne flatha Fail | Maolfuad, LL 394.28 . atá teaghlach a thighe | ar tí tuillidh muinntire, Dán Dé xxi 29 . cuiridh eagla Dé tuilleadh laithe = timor Domini apponet dies, TSh. 2678 . do chum tuillidh neamhdhiághachda, 2 Timothy ii 16 . In phrase t.¤ anma an additional name, cognomen: tuccad t.¤ anma fair .i. Abraham, PH 5680 . ba Forann tuilleadh anma gach righ Eighipht, BB 18a55 . Cf. tuc sua mater (sic leg.) tre báide t.¤ sillaibe fris (expl. of name Conandil= Cona+dil), Fél.² lxii 24 .

(d) Folld. by various prepositions. With ar: atá in cnocc ... | cen t.¤ air ar airde `without addition to its height,' Metr. Dinds. iii 46.82 . ēnrēd de nī theisteobha, | t.¤ air nocho bīa, ZCP vii 302.31 . tuilledh ar trí mhíle, AFM ii 664.12 . tuilleadh ar thrí céd fer, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 9.9 . With de more of: cuiream t.¤ innar longaib do shétaib, Mer. Uil. 44 . tuillead do cloind A., Lec. 219ra18 . tuilleadh ... d'alladh, Aithd. D. 11.21 . tuilledh dia míorbhuilibh, BNnÉ 121.4 . With do: comadh tuilledh dia h-alladh, BB 351a7 . Cf. Metr. Dinds. i 6.12 . With fri: tuilledh fris `an addition should be made to it,' Laws i 278.20 Comm. tuilleadh ré, DDána 13.2 . tuilleadh re ceud bliadhain o shoin, Donlevy v 8 . With la: tuilleadh le toirse, Aithd. D. 3.6 . gach uile ni ... ┐ tuille leo, MS. Mat. 658.3 . gach ní dar cuir in papa do t.¤ leis na haithfrenaibh `every addition ... to the masses,' Maund. 269.

(e) With ocus: atá tuilledh is ar thuirmes `more than I have recounted,' Studies 1920, 418.59 . tuilledh ┐ da ced, Stair Erc. 1491 . tuilledh 'sar luaidh sinn still more than we have mentioned, BNnÉ 249 § 203 . t.¤ ┐ coictigis, Ann. Conn. 1409.8 .