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bráthair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bráthair or dil.ie/6585
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: bráithre, bráthar, bráthre, brāthri

n r, m. Later with n p. bráithre, g p. bráthar, and k-infl. in pl. See GOI 214 - 215 , Stokes on g p. form bráthre, KZ xxxviii 461. b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 32.

(a) brother: brathair . . . quasi fratair ar frater rotruaillned ind. Frater quasi frauter eo quod fraudat ter .i. patrem et matrem et fratrem , Thr. Ir. Gl. 6 , Corm. Y 111. b.¤ gl. frater, Ir. Gl. 1047. In O. Ir. gl. frater and used in both a lit. and transferred sense, see meaning (c). In later language in lit. sense (a male being related to others as child of same parents) replaced by derbráthair q.v. Cf. brathair glossed dearbhráthair, Laws iv 240.6 , 16 ; 258.8 , 12 . ingen et athir siur et brathir, Wb. 10b4 . frater brathir . . . is brathir deit iar colinn et in fide domini , 32a15 . far mbráthir fadisin, 4c40 . Timotheus et bráthir in hiris gl. T. frater, 14b4 . lasin brathir gl. fratrem meum, 10c13 . don bráthir hiressach, 10c1 . nertad na mbraithre, 10c21 . ainm bráthre gl. fratres, 7d8 . ua mbraithrib gl. a fratribus suis, 34a6 . fria mbraithrea `to their brethren', Ml. 100c26 . da brathir iudas ┐ ionathan gl. Ionathan fratrem, 75d4 . a brathir `his brothers', Tur. 128. amnair b.¤ máthar gl. auunculus, Sg. 61a21 . ingen bráthar gl. neptis, 67b4 . macc bráthar athar gl. patrui patruelis, 56a2 . bráthir athar gl. patruus, 1 . bás bráthar Iohannis (sc. Iacob), Fél. July 25 . amal sóersai Ióséph / de lámaib a bráthre (: ma(i)thre; brathar: mathar, v.l.), Ep. 528. fognífi do síl do sílaib do bráthar = . . . seminibus fratrum, Trip.² 740. ingen fria brathair (one of the relationships between couples in Cáin Lánamnae), Laws ii 344.3 . tellach brathar for araile itir cotta (one of seven `entries' for which no díre is paid), v 206.5 . mandras arma / brathar athar (rhet.), LL 35337 = athar athar, Fing. R. 467. is si ba hara dia brathair (Deichtine), LU 10564. a brāthri (n p.), ZCP viii 304.z . dia braithir, RC xxiv 176.12 . roind Conoill ┐ a bhrāithriuch and of his brothers, ZCP xiv 246.3 . Domnall a fradhir, , AI 356 (s.a. 1253.2) . mar aon ré dá bhráthair a mháthar, Keat. ii 5523. Fig. bladh Tuathail bhíos gan bh.¤ `is without an equal', RC xlix 174 § 38.

(b) kinsman, cousin; fellow-member of the same kindred-group (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 138 ), oft. translated ` tribes- man' in Laws. Opposed to derbráthair: la hua brathar a athar .i. la hiarmo der[b]rathar a shenathar the grandson of his father's cousin i.e. the great-grandson of his grand-father's brother, Auraic. 118. na .u. braithri . . . sech macu a braithri (on distribution of a woman's estate in the gelḟine) `kinsmen', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 137.19 . finnatar . . . brathir scéo mbroga (rhet.), LU 3476 `kinsman and lands', SCC² 373 (? leg. bráthirsi mroga, Binchy, note). ro-n-ain Moedoc mainech / ar is brathair bagach `kinsman', Fél.² Apr. 11. Loith .i. brathuir Abraam `A.'s first cousin', Maund. 55. is brathair focus dam-sa he `a cousin of mine', Grail 2455 . ar id b.¤ (braithre, v.ll.) a n-urraid dib línaib `their freemen on both sides are akin', Leb. Cert.² 804. a braithri budein . . . `kinsmen', Ann. Conn. 1238.3 . braithricha, 1289.6 . dochum a braithrich, 1248.5 . d'fhios a bhráithreach, Keat. ii 638.

(c) brother, member of a religious community: in b.¤ (brathir, v.l.) `the brothers', Ériu iii 100 § 24. Rí na mb.¤ mbocht `Lord of friars', Dán Dé iv 14 . brathair minur `a Friar Minor', Ann. Conn. 1244.11 . esaonta . . . eittir braithribh Dúin na nGall ┐ na manaigh `the friars ', AFM vi 2046.5 . bráithre . . . Oird San-Froinsiais ` Franciscans ', Donlevy xxi 21. bráithre túata = lay Brothers, RSClára 89a .

(d) Gramm. word of similar declension: a mbráithri .fer. (bráithreagha .fer. comha, v.l.) masculine words similarly declined, IGT Decl. § 2 (39.1) . b.¤ dísbegaid masculine diminutive: b.¤ dísbeagaidh cnoc no cnocán, slat no slatán, no a leithéid eile, IGT Introd. § 114 (27.33) . See immarbág, imdugud, siur.

Compds. dochum a brātharfinne, BColm. 84.11 . bráthar-marbthach gl. fratricida, Ir. Gl. 319.

muim(m)e

Cite this: eDIL s.v. muim(m)e or dil.ie/32709

Forms: buim(m)e, buime, muime, mmuimme

n , f., also buim(m)e. buime muime, IGT Dec. § 3.7 . A nurse, fostermother (fem. equivalent of 1 aite). is bésad na mmuimme dogní deidbleán di oc munud á dalti (gl. tanquam si nutrix foveat filios suos), Wb. 24d11 . g p. inna mmuimme , gl. nutricum, Ml. 112b22 . ni tualaing aite nā muime tathchur, Laws ii 168.21 . dalta ┐ [a] aide, ingean ┐ a buime, v 480.13 . d'oidib ┐ do buimaib, iii 488.11 . do thig m'aiti-sea ┐ mo mummi, FB 66. i toig a muime (= materterae suae quae eum nutrierat), Lat. Lives 45 = Trip. 10.10 . dā mac mumme ┐ aite do Ailill A.'s two foster brothers, TBC-LL¹ 2490. is tairise do cach mac a bume, Ériu iv 128.11 . For the legal status of a `muime', see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 200 fg . In wider sense of an instructress, patroness, etc.: ac oenmummib daronsat ceird-gnimrada gaile . . . ac Scáthaig ┐ ac Uathaig ┐ ac Aífe, TBC-LL¹ 3006. Brigit . . . mumme Goidel , IT iii 71 § 26 (muime, mumi v.l.). Often fig.: a aite diabuil . . . a muime na demna! (of a sinful soul), PH 8172. ná himbeir luinni . . . for muimme [leg. muimmi] mac nIsrahél, SR 6972 (= matrem in Israel, 2 Samuel xx 19 , of a city). ig muime gach ratha rāín (of Rachrae Isle), ZCP x 53.17 . ba muime ordan ┐ altrama . . . do thuathaib na hAissia hi (of Persepolis), Alex. 416. is í in scriptuir diada is máthair ┐ is mume ailgen dona hulib iresachaib, LB 251b17 ( MS. Mat. 613 ). tri muime menman: sotla, suirge, mesce, Triads 247. teora muime a hordan, MacCongl. 97.6 .