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1 abann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 abann or dil.ie/44

Forms: abhuinn

n [ā, f.] (Lat. habena. See Etudes Celt. iv 329 ). No certain ex. of n s. but note abhuinn .i. tabella palmaris , Rule of Tall. 1 n. 21 . scourge, whip: imbirt aibne `plying the scourge', Mon. Tall. 143.28 (§ 43) . cet moailli fort laim dé abaind `a hundred blows on thy hand with a scourge', 142.11 (37) . tri béimenna forru co mbais, no cris no abaind, O'Don. 989 (H 3.17, c. 853). a cúrsad ina chét-chinaid co n-abaind, Ériu i 218 § 4 . Fig. domfaraill — nī dūairc in t-ort — / bēim nād borb dot' abainn aird (from a hymn by one in illness), ZCP vi 263.19 . fíach aibne the penalty of flagellation: ní tabar fíach aibne and, Mon. Tall. 138.23 (§ 30) . arra troiscthe do fiachaib aibne .i. secht cet m-beimeann n-indracc co fo sechd flagellation equivalent to fasting, RC xv 490 § 22 . doberair dia sathairn im noin fiach aibne na h-oidche luain, LB 11b6 ( Rule of Tall. 82 ). fíach aibne, Ériu iii 102 § 30 .

accais

Cite this: eDIL s.v. accais or dil.ie/142

Forms: accuis, accuis, accais, acaissi, acsi, aicsin, aicsin, aicsenaib

n f. In O.Ir. glosses accuis (Lat. occasio, see Thurn. Gramm. § 302 ). Ped. (i 476) distinguishes a word accais < *adcais (We. achas), but the various meanings can be ex- plained as easily from a single form accais < Lat. occasio. g s. accuis, Alex. 297 . accais O'Dav. 399 . acaissi, Fl. Earls 132.25 . n p. acsi, Corm. Y 1082 v.l. (achuis, text, Anecd. iv 96.23 ). Also as n-stem a s. aicsin, Ml. 38c4 . n p. inna aicsin , 51d15 . d p. dinaib aicsenaib , 62a22 . See aicsenach.

(a) cause, reason: acuis .i. a causa , Corm. Y 10 (cf. O'Mulc. 11 ). ?bri gach ṅ-a.¤ , Corm. 8 = cach n-ogus, Corm. Y 149 . issí ade accuis `this is the cause', Ml. 104c1 . ní si accuis insin arinrogab Duaid `that is not the reason for which David sang it', 35a8 . nach accuis trissanétatsat som inna anu hisin, 57a3 . sainaccuis do Duaid sech cách, 36c11 . cen fochunn ┐ cen accuis, 46b14 , 126d17 . ar main bed accuiss na precepte sin `for if it were not because of that teaching', Wb. 9b19 . in di accuis, Sg. 200a13 . it hē achuis (acsi, v.l.) ar a nglanaiter, Corm. Y 1082 = aicsin, Corm. Bodl. 38 . sain didiu accuis as rohainmniged cach āe, Corm. Y 1079 . nisber nach a.¤ aile acht dul tar bur cenn-si there is no other reason for it(?), Anecd. i. 43.18 . acais toirge na nDéise, Ériu iii 135.2 .

In prep. phrases: ar accuis pectho `because of sin', Ml. 60b19 . ar accuis tesairgne do mnai ríg Érend, LU 10770 = ar cuis, Ériu xii 170.5 (TE). ?fu acis gl. sub obtentu, Thes. i 498.29 . hua accuiss sulbairichthe `because of politeness', Sg. 45b3 . trena a.¤ (i.e. because of Findabair), LL 11323 (TBC).

In Laws cause, occasion of injury to others, hence offence, crime(?). Cf. it he ceithri anmand cinath conlat ar diuit: tucait, ag, acais, etgid, O'Mulc. 456 . dilis do ceilib . . . seoit . . . acht fris-rognat a flaithe . . . na dernat acais a mbais `wenn sie . . . ihren Tod nicht verursacht haben' (i.e. have com- mitted no crime leading to their lord's death), ZCP xiv 362 § 22 , see p. 363 . caide fochonn, caide agh, caide acais . . . acúis don gnímh son do gní nech for torbha do budein ┐ imaric aimles nach aile de cin elguin ┐ ní duine féin is fer láimhe di `acuis' is that deed which one does for one's own advantage and from which disadvantage ensues to another person though he has committed no crime and is not the per- petrator thereof(?), O'Don. 577 (H.3. 17, 444). See 3 ág. gan ágh, gan a.¤, gan urcoid . . . a n-adrad h'arm, MR 294.15 .

(b) hatred, enmity, rancour etc.: acais dhlighidh, Ériu xiii 25.6 glossed .i. aor no mallacht . . . no a.¤ .i. immidh, O'Dav. 40, 399 (cf. ZCP xiv 7 ). aincis (acais, v.l.) is miscaith namá / dhá ṡenainm na mallachta, Met. Gl. 14 § 29 . fí fo builc .i. a.¤ fo thuind, RC xx 252.1 (ACC). ferb .i. bolg .i. acuis fo tuinn, O'D. 27 (H 3.17, col. 25). na bi ar acais na miscais do gní acht do rellad na firinne, O'C. 2599 ( Eg. 88 fo. 51 (52)a ). is tromsceo a.¤ ┐ duabais ┐ neime for cech n-aen, Alex. 297 . ro aorfadaois o acois ┐ o breachtradh an dána virulence(?), ZCP x 278.3 . doní geōin ┐ acu[i]s ┐ díghbhāil, Feis TC 464 . narbham uan go n-acais fhaoil (i.e. a wolf in sheep's clothing), Aithd. D. 73.16 . lomnán d'imneadh is d'achais (sic), O'Hara 3262 . gapuis . . . ben oile . . . doigh ētta, imthnūith ┐ acaissi di, Fl. Earls 132.25 .

Of disease, illness (cf. is aon n-aicsina fo dera gallra ┐ aincesa, Laws v 352.19 ): rom-soerae, á Ísu / ar a.¤ cech thedmae from every disease, Fél. Ep. 518 . rot gob acais .i. mor galara, YBL 137a17 . indtan rob āiniom ndō, rotgab acais mōr (of disease of Emperor Constantine), ZCP iii 227.2 . galar gan a.¤ gan anbḟorlann, ALC ii 400.15 .

In concrete sense poison, venom: delg co n-acais ina chois co nderna tart ar feith inti `festering', BColm. 42.18 .

adart

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adart or dil.ie/314

Forms: adairt

n o, m. (? orig. n.) later also f. d s. adairt, 1 Sam. xxvi 7 . Eochairsg. 2.35 . some kind of support for the head in sleeping or reclining; pillow: a.¤ quasi ad-irt .i. adae mbais, ar is bas do-rimther codlud ┐ is ainm irt do bás . . . Aliter a.¤ .i. ad-ardd, ar is ardi oldás in imda archenae, Corm. Y 43 . adhart ┐ adhartan a bolster, a pillow , Eg. Gl. 649 . a.¤ .i. da cloich, ar ba hē bith fo cind apud ueteres , O'Mulc. 90a . a mbátar Ulaid imbi isin taig . . . Lugaid R. etir ┐ a.¤ , LU 3300 ( SC § 10 ). sé os a.¤ fir i sirc, 3456 (ib. § 24). eter Mongán ┐ fraigid for sind a.¤ , 10977 . téit for teched . . . co mbói for adurt imdai C., 4917 (TBC). itge degmná dia hadurt, LL 344a10 . tanac mór fecht co mbínd / for cinn t'adairt oc neméle frit, 278b16 . dochum an adhuirt i nimdaidh, Ériu v 122.57 . coimitecht ┐ comét adairt guarding, O'Dav. 1153 . ní fuil clúim ria bar n-a.¤ your case is a hard one, LL 257b14 . dairt ar oen adhart i.e. for disclosing something to a bed-fellow, Laws v 134.21 Comm. ni acaltar tarais nach thar a.¤ , Ériu xii 48 § 61 . for adhart i bhfail fhir eicin, Lism. L. 1335 . fo chinn na raibhi acht cloch doghnath do adhurt, 4493 . a ghlún dob é th'adh- art-sa, Dán Dé i 10 . bás (écc) fri ha.¤ lit.: death against a pillow i.e. a natural as oppd. to a violent death: ar cech mbas acht éc fri a.¤ , Lib. Hymn. i 65.72 . dochúaidh bás fri hadhart, Cóir Anm. 64 . air ise aenfer docuaid eg re h-a.¤ dib, BB 251a29 . Also :i n-adhartaibh éaga, GJ xviii 31.31 . bas adhairt a Chonaill cernaigh, BB 53a43 . In phrase cenn adairt: dlaí di chi[u]nn adairt, Críth Gabl. 229 . Fig. Bun Loinne ┐ Loch Gile / . . . / is iad amhairc budh fhearr linn / mar cheann adhairt fam intinn, DDána 88.32 . a cheann adhairt gach eolais (of a person), 90.14 . Cf. a.¤ fo chenn naisdísen anisiu gl. perfectionem, Sg. 198a10 .

Extended uses: re ha.¤ n-úar (of the grave), LL 4195 . ri ha.¤ tend tricc mad truit / ni gabat greim grip guip gai (of a shield), 18399 ( Proc. RIA iii 540 § 5 . ) Rest for weapons: ro coraigit . . . a claidbe for a n-adartaib, LL 12965 . intsin do chinteador a ccleaso uatha a lamhaibh a n-arad ara n-aghar- toibh urdherghoighte, ZCP x 287.12 . Pebble-ridge, high water-mark(?): amal ruc . . . a chosa tarsin adhart suas for tír, Lism. L. 1948 . In phrase a.¤ olc, uilc high-water mark of evil: is adart uilc, is fír trá, / is malairt (leg. malart) cuirp ┐ anma, LL 19310 . an brath . . . colann do fāgbadh ann sin a foth- raicthib fola ┐ a n-adhartuibh uilc ┐ a sruth-linntib crō, ML² 1745 . ar dtonn bháidhte, ar n-adhart olc, Dánta Gr. 28.23 . Perh. also: adarta dochraite in étraid ┐ in adaltrais, PH 4945 .

aidacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aidacht or dil.ie/827

Forms: audacht, idacht, udacht, edocht, aidachta, aidechta, udhacht, udhaicht, udhachta, udhachda, udaichd, hudhachda, udhachtain

n (Lat. ēdictum, Ped. i 209 . See Vendr. Lex. Perh. rather adoptare, Marstrander, Lochlann ii 206 . Not a loan- word, O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 161 n. 4 and see also ZCP xxxix 53 , Ériu xxiv 183-85 , xxix 154 ). Also audacht, idacht, udacht, edocht, aidachta. Decl. varies: as m. g s. in aidechta , AU i 54.2 . udhacht m. (g s. and n p. udhaicht, udhachta), IGT Decl. § 25 . udhachda m., § 2 . Also ā, f. a s. udaichd, Parrth. Anma 5688 . g s. na hudhachda , 5875 . Note also a s. udhachtain, RC xiv 62 § 77 .

Will, testament, bequest: issí inso coibse Fétho Fio ┐ aedocht di bliadin re mbas dáu du manchuib Drommo Lías `this is his bequest two years before his death to the monks of Druim Lías', Trip. ii 338.21 ( Thes. ii 238.18 (Ardm.)). ba hésin a hedacht adbul / dia chlaind, LL 16091 ( Todd Nenn. 248.203 ). Audacht Morainn, name of a tract, precepts to a young king given by Morann at his death, ZCP xi 73 . udhucht Aithirne ann so do thairchedal gheine Criosd, Ériu xiii 18.24 . fáidis Morand in n-audacht sa chuice, ZCP xi 80 § 1 . a n-aimsir ar mbáis; ar n-udhachd do dhéunamh gan mho[i]ll, Parrth. Anma 5864 . do réir udhachta Oiliolla Óluim, Keat. iii 3118 . lá an udhochta day of my death(?), PBocht 17.22 . ge ratuill- sium mallachtain / nir' millsim ar n-udhachtain we have not perverted our confession(?), RC xiv 62 § 77 . In strict law a name for a will made in articulo mortis (imna name for one made in bodily health), Plummer, Ériu ix 31 . The distinction, however, is not always observed: cach n-ord iarna cirt . . . ┐ a nudacht a nimna co rabat don eclais iar netla uird, Laws iii 32.z . a nudacht .i. fri bas, 34.14 Comm. is amluidh sin ranntar a imna ┐ a udacht, 68.4 Comm. cuit neclaise fris a mbi audacht, iv 194.26. mád espug cin uducht, i 202.y Comm. ro fag mac Seain a nudacht nar gabudur . . . cóir na cert uaid timcell Anaidh moir `Mac S. provided in his will that they should derive no title to Annaghmore from him' (Plummer MS. notes), O'D. 1961 ( Eg. 90 fo. 7(8)c ). muna tarraid ughacht itir é a denam donti ro marb he co nach roibe caomthachta a fhastaithi aici, O'C. 1651 (26 Q 6 p. 21a) i.e. if he (the slain thief) died without confessing, the slayer must prove that he had no other means of stopping the thief than by killing him, Plummer MS. notes. Attrib. g s. doḟagaib in scrin ac a comarba udachta testamentary successor, ZCP xiv 152.13 . cloc in aidechta, AU i 54.2 (a famous bell at Armagh said to have been bequeathed by St. Patrick, see Reeves Ad. pp. 205 , 323 ). i ndigail sharaighthi cluicc ind edechta, 582.12 . cleirig an Chluig n Udachta do marbad ann, RC xviii 268.18 (Tig.). Solamh . . . maor cluig an edhachta, FM iii 608.13 . delg aidechta, a brooch bequeathed to Iona by Colum Cille, Reeves Ad. 205 .

The thing bequeathed, bequest, legacy: Epscop Aed bói i Sléibti luid du Ardd Machae. birt edoct cu Segéne du Ard Machae. dobert Segene oitherroch a.¤ du Áid ┐ adopart Áed a.¤ ┐ a chenél ┐ a eclis du Pátricc cu bbráth. fáccab Aed a.¤ la Conchad Aed was bishop in Slebte . . . he brought a bequest to Segéne in Armagh. Segéne gave the bequest again to Aed and Aed offered his bequest and his kin and his church to Patrick forever. Aed left his bequest with Conchad, Thes. ii 242.17 (Ardm.) ( Trip. ii 346.22 ). audacht ceneoil a tribal heirloom, IT iii 199.29 .

In phrase fri a.¤ (báis) at the point of death: robái fri feba cach thucht / a ben Eua fria iducht i.e. at his deathbed to receive his last words, SR 2028 . dollotar fir . . . / . . . fria hedacht `to receive her last behest', Met. Dinds. iv 148.40 . cach bean fri hudacht mbais , Laws v 454.28 Comm. nā bad marb hé co mbeith-som fria hudacht a báis that he should not die till C. should be at his deathbed, BColm. 46.16 . erbaidh do A. co mbeth F. ria udhacht, Lism. L. 2885 . in tan robui Alax. fria hidhacht a bais i mBáibiloin when A. was dying, Alex. 1108 . fā[g]bhuim-si an peacthach bochd reum udhachda báis, Parrth. Anma 5877 . Note also: audacht .i. uath fri feacht .i. antan tēte in duine fri fecht n-ūatha .i. bāis, Corm. Y 38 .

In more general sense: do ním d'udhachta ar a fhuil / a cumhachta gur cubhuidh `I solemnly attest his race', Arch. Hib. i 91 § xv . fa hí ughachta mhóráin / nár dhíol róghráidh ar ndáinne `many protested', Studies 1918. 617 § 3 . ?budh árus ócch d'udhachtuibh, Agallamh na Seanórach (Leabh. ó Láimhsgr.) i 218.3 .

báes, baís

Cite this: eDIL s.v. báes, baís or dil.ie/5136

Forms: baíse, báos, báois, báosa, báeis, báeise

n ā, f. (1 báeth). Also baíse [, f.]. báos m. g s. báois, báosa, IGT Decl. § 38 (87.17) . báeis f. g s. báeise, § 14 (69.1) .

(a) folly, levity; play, sport; frenzy: inna baise gl. hebitud- enis, Ml. 33c2 . in ṁbáis gl. chebitudinem, 124c17 . mōr mbāis, . . ./ mōr coll cēille, Arch. iii 215.y . na bid fri baisi ṁbeltrúaig, SR 3890 (to complaining Israelites). baes fomrig folly holds me back, IT iii 12 § 22. gabala báise cis lir ? . . . bretha díana, dúscud ferge, folabra gúach, Tec. Corm. § 14.1 . atái ar báis/a chléirigh ní chanai gáis, SG 26.41 . Cf. Dán Dé ix 8 . is mé ar baois ag caoineadh an áirdfhir distraught, Keat. Poems 423.

(b) Legal, incapacity, lack of judgment: cennib gaeth acht nis n-ellne a baes provided that his incapacity does not defile it (sc. his `fine'), Laws iii 54.5 . tre feirg forrain (leg. feirge forrán ?) sceo baisi buaidred, 112.3 Comm. [g]aibiut baetha cachta indliged .i. is taidbsi baisi don fir cachtus . . ., ii 76.20 Comm. baes inna mbretheman nad inmedatar a ndalai dligidh, 130.16 Comm.

? baís(e) banapad: siachtatar .ui. haidhicha ina baisi banapadh `six `seds' is the extent of the fine for entertaining a proclaimed person unawares', Laws iii 60.3 Comm. aidech .i. cumal nó fiach slān do lāimh rathe .i. aidech sies teora aidecha ina baos ban-apad, O'Mulc. 102.

Attrib. g s. wanton, frivolous, sportive, playful, appertaining to play; frenzied: gebid a bunsaig ṁbáisi, TBC 888. rith báise a wild rush, 893 . taem báisi risin mbas-crann `the knocker had been smitten with frenzy', Ériu iv 116 § 25. comh- rádh baísi, IGT Decl. ex. 633. amhail fhear baoise nó buain- ghealtachta, TSh. 5957.

(c) wantonness, lust: ní ar báes nach ar báegul ro dalus-sae friss, IT i 127.4 = ní ar chul no amles . . ., LU 10769. nach ingen dogníd buís dar cenn aurnaidm, LL 37043. baos .i. drúis, O'Cl.

As quasi-vn. an rí 's a rígan . . ./ ic baeis dōib ann, ic búaphud, BColm. 88.21 .

1 bas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bas or dil.ie/5442

Forms: bos, bos, bas, bass, bassa, bosi, -seng

n ā, f. Also bos. bos bas, IGT Decl. § 39. See ZCP xviii 111.

(a) palm of the hand : bass `palma', Ir. Gl. 94. na bassa gl. palmas, Gild. Lor. 58. ní bí acht oen díb for a bais (of a juggling feat), BDD² 1168. benaid a hurlond fria bais co ba trí (of feat with lance), 1234 . éicnech ra imluaid a bais / ar a ḟindgruaid Enechglais, LL 7126. rosṁbī Brigit fria boiss (bois, v.l.) `against her palm', Thes. ii 346.5 (Hy.v). isat bána do bassa, TFerbe 711 . etrocht b.¤ fo beind mbuabaild bright the hand about a drinking-horn, IT iii 19 § 54. oc ool usci da bois builid, SR 1893. do bhárr a bhoise no imaineadh cach aeghaire feis cacha fidbaidi `with the palms of his hand', MR 100.18 . ro-s-buailset dia mbassaib ┐ dornaib a gnuis, PH 117. dearg an bh.¤ gidh bé ar a geall `red His hand', Dán Dé ix 16 . a-tá 'gan chol b.¤ rem béal `sin raises its hand against me', xxiii 31 . as a basuibh bairr-gheala, Ériu iv 112.26 . gur buail b.¤ Críst in comlaid, 116.22 . ruc leis e ar bharr baisi he took him by the hand, 56.22 . dá ngabha mo bhais, Aithd. D. 40.10 . le bárr méir baise, Hackett xx 22 . daringni rethrean rebach bossi di (sc. of the spear of Saturn), LL 31778 ( TTr. 967 ). In name of a metre: debide baisi fri toin, IT iii 18 § 49 , bosi, 46 § 71 .

With prep. I in possession, control : an tir na bhais gé do beadh `in his hand [possession],' Misc. Celt. Soc. 412.17 .

In phrase b.¤ do thabhairt fá to reject : b.¤ do thabhairt fá bhréagánaibh an tsaoghail, TSh. 6984.

As object with vbs. of beating, striking, expressing grief or other emotion: adsoirg a bossa la sodain he beats his hands (of Bricriu on seeing his ruined house), LU 8383 ( FB 25 ). robuailsetar basa leo `they smote their palms', TTebe 2253 . rontuaircc a uassv ( = bhassu), Aisl. Tund. 93 § 2. tug . . . / treas fan uaigh ar bualadh bos, Rel. Celt. ii 234.40 .

Of capacity: co tuca nech dib . . . bais gráin do `a handful of grain', Laws iii 382.7 Comm. bass dina fertsib immon creitt `a handful ', Táin 4819 . Of hoofs, claws, etc. of animals and birds: b.¤ ind Ḟind `the White Bull's hoof', Met. Dinds. iii 372.17 . co ruildetar a mbossa ┐ a n-eti dind usciu (of birds), LU 3265 ( SC 6 ). cét mb.¤ for cach laim ┐ cét ningen for cach bais (of an infernal monster), RC iv 252.27 . nosnáit- is muir dia mbossa ( = mbassaib, ed.) `they (i.e. ravens) paddled the sea with their feet', Met. Dinds. iii 258.2 . eoin bas ndearg, Aithd. D. 9.9 .

(b) Extended applications: ballan boisi boighi .u. uingi `a boige is a small vessel with a handle', O'Dav. 201. do basaibh na ruádhrámha blades, CCath. 1934. do bhais fidraidh corcra cruind `with . . . wooden oar-blade', Magauran 1284 .

(c) As measure of length or breadth: ceithri orlaighi i mbais, teora basa i troighid, Laws iii 334.20 Comm. (see ZCP xiv 358 ). tinne laime .i. b.¤ a tiget a tinne, ii 252.8 Comm. is inann in fiche dorn so ┐ in tricha b.¤ tall i mbrethuib neimhe, 23 Comm. trí bassa téchtai: bass etir a assa ┐ a ochrai, bass etir a ó ┐ a berrad, bass etir chorthair a léined ┐ a glún `three lawful handbreadths', Triads 222 . ba cáilithir b.¤ (= unius palmae mensura), Aisl. Tund. 100.3 .

Compds. With adjj. ¤gel having white hands: Ainnli baisgel, IT ii2 137.13 . ¤lebar: slat bhoisleabhar ón mBóinn mir (of Maguire), DDána 75.42 . ¤lethan (of a horse) having broad hoofs: gabur . . . b.¤ , LU 8626 ( FB 47 ). -seng having slender hands: síodhaidhe boisseang (of Maguire), DDána 70.10 . With subst. and vn. ¤béimnech beating of hands (to show emotion): nuall . . . ┐ basbemnech ┐ ecaine, LB 154b35 . ¤orguin act of beating the hands: dogní in bosórguin se oc gait a bíd aire ar écin, LU 6927 (BDD). See baschrann, basgaire.

1 bás

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bás or dil.ie/5444

Forms: bása, báis, bh., -guin

o, n. later m. ? vn. of baïd, see Thurn. Gramm. § 728 ; Wortk. 182. b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 96 , g s. bása proscribed form, see exx. 758 , 1717 . death: bās ebraice (rectius ba's arabice, ed.), tribulatio uel angustiae uel mors latine , O'Mulc. 129. bidba . . . .i. bis mortis .i. fer adroilli a bās fo di bidba sin, 147 . b.¤ gl. letum, Sg. 173a9 . báas péne no quando caro moritur , Wb. 4a11 . ni áirmithi ar aithis a mb.¤ n-isin `that death', 15d12 . as comacus a mb.¤ `that death is near', Ml. 64a2 . b.¤ ṅAróin, Fél. July 1 . táircet báas dúib, Wb. 3b8 . immefolṅget b.¤ , 13c4 . ba bibdu báis leusom intí nád imdibthe `was guilty of death', 1d15 . co llaa a mbáis , 5b4 . i llau baíss, 29c2 . batir inricci du báas, 5c14 . a b.¤ i mbethith, 13d17 . ni fiu leu b.¤ n-aill du techt forru `that another death should come upon them', Ml. 139c3 . ní dergenat mú b.¤ gl. extinctionis, 80a9 . ecal ar b.¤ `afraid of death', 109d1 . tri bas, 16d2 . frescisiu (sic leg. edd.) in báis, 69b3 . cid fri geld bais no beth `at the point of death', Mon. Tall. 145.4 . diambe hi fiadnaisi ind bais istig `present . . . at the death', 153.9 . a bbas peccaid `from death of sin', Thes. ii 351.17 . di bliadin re mbas dáu `two years before his death', 238.18 . is amlaid tregdas rinn na fergai in anmain co n-imfolngai bās do suidiu, ZCP iii 26.28 , mac sethar ind ríg do folmaisiu a báis, LU 5019. is missi conairgeba b.¤ ┐ éc ┐ aided forro, TBC 4271. o básaib na n[d]óine necraibdech, RC ii 388 § 13. a bas no a hinnarbu that he should be put to death, SR 3732. rith for b.¤ a course toward death, 1666 . o chéin fo garbchacht báis brón, 2227. ronlín bochta, ronbás bath (? = ron bath b.¤ death has slain us), 4059 . ro gabh galar a báis eissiumh `his death-illness', RC xxv 398 § 16. ba cuma liom b.¤ no ég, IT ii 2.116.4 . roichfidh an b.¤ céadna gach aon, TSh. 13. cuireadh chum baiss e `he was executed', Celtica i 245.16 .

In various phrases: gell do b.¤ pledge, security for redemption from death (?), see gell. Note also: forgo set as tualing gill de fri bas do sannad, Laws v 436.24 . b.¤ fri adart lit. death against a pillow i.e., natural death: iss é aen dochúaidh b.¤ fri hadhart díbh é, Cóir Anm. 64. b.¤ do rinn death by the sword: fuair b.¤ do rinn, BNnÉ 226 § 126 . b.¤ do rinn na féile fuair `the sharp point of his own generosity which slew him', Magauran 1174 . b.¤ di thairr death in childbirth: bās mnā fothlai no forcuir no fuataig di thairr, ZCP xv 350 § 39 , cf. Laws v 486.9 , 488.1 Comm. In expression fót báis (specific, sometimes destined) place of death (see M. Carney, Arv (Journal of Scandinavian Folklore, Uppsala) xiii (1957) 173): ar a fhod bais, ZCP x 32.8 . go fód a bháis do bhiadh sin / ag triall ar áis no ar éigin, Book of O'Conor Don, 230b.

With prepp. íar fácbáil a thigernai lia a námtiu i mb.¤ dead at the hands of his enemies, BDD² 1524. D. . . . a mb.¤ ona braithrib fein `died by his own brothers', RC xvii 388.11 (Tig.). fri re ciana i mbas, Fen. 176.17 . ┐ e 'sa mbas while he was dying, BCC 414.3 . foracbad iarom A. . . . fri b.¤ `then A. was left . . . dying', Ériu xii 166.2 . turbuid . . . lega do neoch biss fri bas, Laws i 266.z .

Attrib. g s.: ind ibair báis neimnich `the deadly poisonous yews', Sg. 33b11 . do ceitri beimennaibh brigmura bais `mortal blows', ZCP vi 46.9 . galar bāis a mortal illness, TFrag. 14.1 . pairithis bháis, ZCP v 229.10 ( Midn. Court 950 ). In expression mac báis, oppd. to mac bethad, see macc). As accus. (but perh. in Trip.² 444 below with dat.) of vbs. téit, fo-gaib dies: tiagait báas n-anapaig, Wb. 11d12 . a mb.¤ tiagmeni, 15b28 . irlaim do dul baís cach dia gl. morientes, 16a3 . a techt bas (sic) ind, Trip.² 444. o ro gab gaisced co ndeochaid b.¤ , LU 9044 ( FB 79 ). in bas dochoid in cetri, Rawl. 163a29 . is bec na dechaid dianbas (: ssás) she almost died a sudden death, SR 1720. b.¤ sochraid do thecht dó `to die an honourable death' (Gloss.), PH 6544. scolóc . . . o muintir fen fuair bas, RC xvii 375.27 (Tig.). ba derb lais conid bas foruair Sir L., x 186.32 . do horduigheadh dona daoinibh aon-uair amháin b.¤ d'fhagháil (= statutum est hominibus semel mori), TSh. 2. fuair F. / b.¤ ann, DDána 64.18 . Note also: dá ndeach le b.¤ mbeannaighthe (a mb.¤ bh., v.l.) `if he depart by a blessed death', Studies 1918, 282 § 16 .

Compds. ¤chaín having a gentle death: Cairpri B. .i. b.¤ caín fuaír `a gentle death', Cóir Anm. 64. ¤étach grave- clothes: ceanguilte ris an bháiséadach, John xi 44 (ed. 1828, earlier edd. have ris a nais-). -guin act of wounding fatally; deadly wound: iongnadh leo, 's gan a mbás-ghoin, BNnÉ 153.27 . a mmír ṁbastidbarthae ` death-bringing ', Ml. 76a16 .

bél

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bél or dil.ie/5607

Forms: beoil, beóil, beolu, beula, beulu, belu, bélib, i mbeolu

n o, m. g s. beoil, Sg. 14a16 . n p. beóil, Wb. 7d9 . a p. beolu, Wb. 3b11 , beula (gl. ora), Ml. 19c9 . beulu, 35d22 . belu, Thes. ii 251. 16 . d p. bélib Wb. 7d10 . b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 61.

I

(a) In some exx. explicitly lip , in pl. lips, but here usually mouth: don b.¤ gl. labio, Ir. Gl. 107. Lor. Gild. 139 § 40. tri beulu dlútai gl. fixis labris (17), Sg. 6a18 . ni radi ní trí thalmaidchi, amal dundchuirethar inna beulu as it rises to his lips (`as he takes it into his lips'), Ml. 35d22 . anasberaid hó bélib `what ye utter with (your) lips', Wb. 7d10 . anasbérat mo beiúil, 12d12 . (of a hag) tacmaicced a b.¤ íchtarach coa glún, LU 6828 (BDD). i socraidi labrait biuil (: Iúil), 3875 ( SC 38 ). niamdai a beóil partardeirg (partuingdeirg, v.l.) her crimson lips, IT i 69.8 . ( Lg. 4 ). co ṅditned a srona ┐ a beolu `so that it protected his nostrils and his lips' (but perh. transl. nose . . . mouth), CCath. 5265. folcuit a n-aighti uile lena mbélaib úachtair upper lips, Maund. 176. beoil lethna thick lips, Marco P. 187. cúiseach bind asa bēalaibh `sweet piping from her lips', Ériu iv 174.15 . maille siabhradh beóil ( = labium . . . pervertatur), 23 K 42 , 54.14 . do scoltad an croimbeoil ┐ in béil iocht[a]ir of chapping of the upper and lower lip, O'Gr. Cat. 191.z . baile .i. maith . . . digbail dubha baile bel .i. is maith í o belaib no i mbel `from lips or in mouth', O'Dav. 224. (in application of an incantation) imbir in da mér . . . it bélaib, Thes. ii 249.11 . doberar in salann i mbelu `the salt is put into the mouth', 251.16 . asoilgg a bēolu . . . combo ecna a [g]inchrāes, TBC² 396. (of a witch) a beóil for leith a cind her mouth in the side of her head, BDD² 540 . gebid dano cenn in tarra ina béolu, Sc. M² 17.6 . do- lleblaing int éicne ara chend, ┐ gabsus inna béulu took it in its mouth, TBFr. 209. an tan immoro no berid an leg laun ina beolu `when he used to put the ladle full into his mouth', RC xii 86 § 91. nicon acca beolu eich / amal beolu ín liath- ainigh, IT iii 68.2 . inbat budig do bēoil do shainól ┐ do shainait, Aisl. MC 77.4 . secht traigid eter a ó ┐ a beolo . . . ┐ secht n-artim inna bélaib, Ériu iv 26.9 , 10 . acht nad neibre dod belaib nama `although thou hast not said so by word of mouth', Laws iv 108.1 Comm. cuit mo b.¤ (term of endearment), LL 18576.

(b) mouth in sg.: sróin súil b.¤ , Lib. Ardm. 434a marg. (220va). i cinaid do laime, do sula, do thengad, do beil, Laws i 156.32 . issin ṁb. tacras sin in the mouth that asserts that, MU² 369. laech . . . belmar . . ., meit a beil beolu eich, TBC 5400 n.4 . fuil rochuiread tara bel ┐ dara sroin, TTebe 2414 . beiris i n-a bheōl . . . ar lampa airgit seized a silver lamp in its mouth, Fl. Earls 138.1 . Note also: na beula gl. ora, the mouths (?), Ml. 19c9 . Fig. gá tarbha an béal do bheith lais / 's an intinn in-a éagmhais, Dán Dé xxii 20 . an b.¤ dúnta as eadh budh ḟearr better be silent, IGT Decl. ex. 1285. Prov. is binn beál ó bheith iadhta, Dánfhocail 55 . By metonymy person : cerd cach ṁb. .i. eladu cech duni do ḟoglaim ar dáig forcitail caich (`art for every mouth', RC xxvi 22 § 62 ), LL 24410. crochadh ar bh.¤ na bréige! `perdition (lit. a hanging) to him who tells the lie' (Gloss.), LBranach 1072 . b.¤ na psalm (nickname of St. Fintan), Mart. Don. Mar. 27. Grigoir Béil óir `Gregory the golden-mouthed', BNnÉ 172 § 16 .

(c) In phrases: derg-mír i mbélaib lit. red (raw) morsel in (the) mouth apparently of property illegally acquired or attached: atait tri deirg-mireanda naidet usa a mbelaib cacha hecalsa (glossed: is indligthech do'n eclais a ngabail cuichi o belaib, 432.3 Comm. ), Laws v 430.22. at-ballat, ¤bailet (a) béoil with poss. or foll. subj. gen., see at-bail(1): co n-aplat a beoil i mmbron (leg. mbrōn ?) ┐ toirrsi `they perish', Ériu ii 114 § 38. Note also: bás fort béolu, Fing. R. 72 `death on your head!' RC xiii 378.11 .

(d) Of the mouth as the source of speech: iss ed bói i mbēlaib cáich this was the common talk, ZCP viii 317.26 . go rabhadar na lán béil ┐ buanteanga ag gach aon that they were a continual subject of conversation to everyone, RC xiv 28 § 6. lán beóil don ríoghfhuil Bhranoigh, LBranach 3581 . budh lán beoil an Brianachsoin, Studies 1925, 253 § 6 .

By extension word(s) ; subject of talk : fer na ropeccaig o bel na o gnim `in word or deed', Ériu v 20.2 . idna beoil integrity of speech, LL 3901. roiarfaided o Fiachroig Muille- than . . . dia belaib his advice was asked by F., ZCP xiv 156.14 . gurab mó do theagascdaois . . . ó theagasc beoil ioná ó scríbhinn by traditional instruction, Keat. ii 976. (explanation of the name of Eogan B.) b.¤ cach tuaithi ina thimchell `the mouth [i.e. the acclamation] of every country round about', SG 64.z . b.¤ cach flatha ina lenub / ar ó Fiachrach folt- lebur, 65.2 . In phr. breth a b.¤ féin self-judgment, -doom: atetha breth do b.¤ (sic leg.) féin duit, RC xiv 430.8 . co tucsat Gaill breth a beoil fein d'O Neill, AU ii 270.8 . In adv. phrase ó óen-b.¤ unanimously: o aen bel, PH 7233. dh'aoin- bheul, Luc. Fid. 2856. Legal. cor b.¤ , see 1 cor 12.

II Applied to various things resembling lips or mouth .

(a) edge, rim ; mouth of cavity, orifice, opening : b.¤ gaili, a mbél an gaile ( = orificium stomachi), RSláinte 3698. do fínégra ar b.¤ an gaile `on the pit of the stomach', O'Gr. Cat. 193.25 . b.¤ cridi (used as term of endearment): a bél mo chraidi, Arch. iii 243 § 24. edge, opening of wounds: bador beoil na ccneth ag claoi a cheile, ZCP x 292.9 . a lomma cro ic teprisin dar belaib na n-alad batar fair, Grail 685 . rucc b.¤ na cneidhe chum a chéile ┐ ticc sele fuirre, ITS xvi 42.13 . Other applications: co fil āit a beōil isin c[h]loich fóss ann `the mark of its rim (i.e. of a bell) is still there in the stone', BColm. 64.9 . sileadh deór rúadh ar ruisgne / mur uisge a beól (mbéol v.l.) úar eisci like water out of a vessel (?), IGT Decl. ex. 1081. mé is b.¤ na cróine ar mo chind, ex. 81 . lase foruillecta beóil in chalich di mil, Wb. 7d9 . īadais indala sūil . . . asoilg alaile comba mor bēolu fidchōich as large as the orifice of a wooden bowl (?), TBC² 395. b.¤ dabcha ele 'na b.-si anúas (of one vat turned over another), BColm. 72.6 . (of a bag for chess-men) a ferbolc, is amra sceúil / de ór imdernta a beúil opening (`rim'), Fianaig. 14.22 . go bhfuilti claoidthe . . . a mbeul an tsaic (of opponents silenced in controversy), Luc. Fid. 4127. béil a ngunnadh `the muzzles of their guns', Rel. Celt. ii 194.11 . (of prongs of pincers) do briseadh teanncuir an ghobhann, ┐ an t-īarann dearg 'na beal `with the red-hot iron in its jaws', ZCP ii 562.30 . beola crot ┐ bolg ┐ buinne `mouths of harps and bags and pipes', RC xii 108 § 163. the eye of the upper millstone (Studies on Early Ireland 16 ) : iss e sin doberimsi a mbel in muilinn si, RC xiv 52 § 62. upper of shoe: bróg tar teach do teilgeadh leam . . . nar bhean tall a b.¤ fa a bonn `a shoe whose upper was detached from its sole was thrown at me' (Notes), Bard. Synt. Tr. 2.z.

(b) Further extended applications: mén mara .i. bel na mara, O'Cl. (mēn .i. bēl, Corm. Y 948 ). fri beolu mara, Trip.² 1581 ( = in sinu maris, Lat. Lives 33 § 25 ). dá thraigid .x. lethet a b.¤ the width of its opening (an earthwork), Críth Gabl. 571. (of Tara) deis fri Banba, b.¤ fri Bóin `her front towards the Boyne', Ériu iv 92 § 3. tir cen beula without entry, Corm. Y 674 ( Corm. 22 ). tir cin toin cin beolu bis itir da ferunn cin conair `ingress', Laws iv 158.14 Comm. cuiris comla dar a b.¤ (a well), Met. Dinds. iii 326.19 . triall istech tar beolu na hecuilsi `threshold of the church', Marco P. 173. léigthear suas beoil na bruighne `portcullis', Aithd. D. 3.19 . siar go b.¤ na sráide `the entrance of the street', FM ii 900.2. Of gunwale of a ship: chuir iad am beòil mhòr re chèile SGS xviii 107.1 .

III In phrases with prepp.

(a) prepositional. With A: crithre sin a beól (mb. v.l.) bhruithne sparks from boiling heat (?), IGT Decl. ex. 1296.

With AR (FOR): huare romboi ar belaib tempuil `in front of the Temple', Ml. 48d8 . ar beolu diabuil `before the Devil', Wb. 3b11 . gontai Cūchulaind, co tabrad a marb ara (ar, LU) bēolu a brāthar, TBC² 1637. ar belaib ind ríg ( = in con- spectu regis), Lat. Lives 10.8 . arbelaib (.i. a fiadnaise) fer nErenn, Arch. iii 14 § 31. finta cia as toisech fodla ┐ ar a ndentar bélaib `before whom it is made', RC xiii 446 § 26. cathair . . . for bel ḟasaigh dhimhoir `at the edge of a great desert', Marco P. 20. dán bog ar bh.¤ na slighiodh `on the open road', Studies 1918, 617 § 5 .

Freq. of replacing in kingship, headship, etc. one who had the normal claim, before, in preference to, in place of : rogab F. righe ara belaib, RC xvii 233.32 (Tig.). gabais C. flaith ar belaib a athar, Ériu iii 142.4 . an crioch do ghabail for a belaibh `to snatch . . . the country away from him', Leb. Gab. 226.5 . mar tugadh ceannas na slógh / ar bhéal Éibhir d'Éireamhón `to Ê. rather than to Ê.', Content. xvi 33. With verbs of coming, etc. do-tét indḟine ar beolu de(i)rbḟine `the ` indḟine' comes in front of (i.e. is preferred to) the `derbḟine', Ériu xvii 64 § 3 ( Laws iv 206.7 ). D. . . . do beith ag dol ar bélaibh a athar `attempted to depose', FM vi 1891.1 . an tánaiste do theacht ar beulaibh mic tighearna an fhuinn `that the tanist takes precedence of', Keat. i 66.6 . dul fora mbelaibhsiomh `to anticipate them', Hugh Roe² 172.2 .

With FRI (RE) before, at, close to; on the point of : fri beolu báis on the point of death, Fél. 74.19 . cen bith ria mbeolu oc airiuc thuili dóib not to be close to them, Fing. R. 432. ag so anois an bás rem bhéal close to me, Dánta Gr. 63.15 . re béal a theachta don toigh `before its reception' (of the Blessed Eucharist), Dán Dé xviii 2 . cosg fiabhrasa re b.¤ mbáis , Studies 1919, 613 § 12 .

With I N- i mbeolu, i mbeól, i mb.¤ before : in bo boi 'na beola sin `that was in front of her', Dinds. 142.10 . a mbeol an dunaidh `in front of the fort', BNnÉ 187 § 27 . do-chífe bárc a mbeól chúain `in the harbour's mouth', Ériu ix 168 § 46. towards, to : do-bhir im béal teachtaire `He sends a messenger to fetch me', Aithd. D. 83.3 . sgath dealg 'na beol muna bheath `had not the thorn-points been in the way', 95.20 . over, across : seolais iarsin Brenainn . . . i mbéolu (a mbhél, v.l. , = for beluibh, Lism. L. 3590 ) in aiccéin iongantaigh, BNnÉ 97 § 5. Note also: ro herbad da oclach lais da chur i mbeolu na tuinne to cast it (an infant) upon the sea (?), LL 14623 ( ZCP xii 273.17 ). do chur a mb.¤ mara ┐ mor-fhairrge set adrift on the open sea, KMMisc. 313.13 . a mbēl na h-oibre at the beginning, ML² 1.15 . i mbeol airechtais at the very beginning of sovereignty (?), Ann. Conn. 1410.2 . ni ḟuil amuigh gidh seól síth / crích nach fuil a mbeól a bláith, IGT Decl. ex. 992 . i mbéal a tharbha do thoigheacht, Aithd. D. 25.4 .

With TAR: tar béolu out of : adre amach dar beolu in duin, Marco P. 23.

(b) Adverbial. With FOR (always with possessive) on the face, face downwards : for a mbeulu gl. prone, Ml. 131b6 . tairniud form béolu bend face downwards, LL 36766 = Goid. 180.10 = Fél.² cv 8. an corp bis ina rogad ar in talmain for a beolu, RC xv 491 § 31. tolduid iarum taurtaim fair fora beolu `a trance fell upon him, as he lay on his face', Mon. Tall. 155.15 . (of a collapsing house) amal ro clóenad a thech conda tarla for a lethbeólu uli, LU 8382 ( FB 25 ). (of a cup) rohimpa iarum Patraic in copan fora beolu upside down (?), Anecd. iii 35.9 . b.¤ ar b.¤ , ó bé(o)l go b.¤ face to face : truagh gan sinne bel ar bel, TTebe xv 7 (scribe's note). (of a bird-decoration) ealta 's a mbeoil béal ar bhéal, Aithd. D. 9.7 . ag labhairt libh beul ar bheul (os ad os, 3 Joh. 14 ), Eochairsg. 15.30 . go labradh se riss ó b.¤ go b.¤ `face to face', ZCP xi 118.2 ( BCC 236 ). meic ollamhan Innsi Fáil / . . . / god choimhreic ó bheól go b.¤ `repeating thee from mouth to mouth' (i.e. the contents of a manuscript Gaelic Miscellany), Studies 1919, 440 § 12 . adeirid o bheol go beul they say so currently, Luc. Fid. 4088.

With IAR N- iar mbélaib (contrasted with iar cúlaib): i ngilfine iar mbelaib, amuil atá athair ┐ mac ┐ ua ┐ iarmua ┐ innua co cuicer; ┐ geilfini iar culaib .i. brathair thathar, ┐ mac co cuicer beos `in the direct line', Laws ii 160.z Comm.

(c) In fig. phrase do-ní a b.¤ re turns to, seeks help from : do-ghén . . . mo bh.¤ ré seabhcaibh Saxan `I will turn my face to', Studies 1924, 242 § 11 .

Note also: muna thí dhíom bas rem béal unless I can keep a guard on my lips, Dán Dé ix 4 . a-tá 'gan chol bas rem béal `raises its hand against me', xxiii 31 . In nn. loc. see Hog. Onom.

Compds. With nouns. ¤braise: feib atféd mo bhélbraisi `eloquence', BR² 164 § 9. ¤deirge: beildeirge redness of lips, Prolegomena 43 § 26 . ¤étan: (of a charioteer) dara béletan mouth and forehead (?), LL 24905. ¤mod manner of speaking (?): caistidh ria bēlmod, Arch. iii 307 § 28 ( Measgra Uí Chl. 153 ). ¤proicept traditional teaching, tradition : bēalphroceapta nó teagusg bheōil na n-absttal, Mac Aingil 5949 . béul- phroicheapta asbaltha ┐ eagalsa, Desid. 4942. With vnn. ¤chengal: ar mbélcengal a mbeochréchtadh when their fresh wounds had been sewn up, Caithr. Thoirdh. 124.7 . ¤tuidme: fiacuil .i. fia figo . . . fiacuil didiu bēl-t. fastening for the mouth, O'Mulc. 507.

With adjj. ¤balb: do piastaibh bel-balba `dumb-mouthed', Ériu iii 164 § 20. ¤binn: longphort . . . bíthe bēilbhinn melodious (?), Butler Poems 556 and n. ¤blasta of excellent sound : (of `Gaedelg,' the language) in berla b.¤ bind, LL 17716. B. blaith belblasta well-spoken (of a hand-maid), BB 237a2 . ¤buide yellow-lipped : (of a famine-stricken appearance) ina n-ímágib b.¤ nochtḟiaclacha, LB 154b61 . In n. pr.: Eochaid Bēlbuidi, ZCP viii 274.1 . ¤chamm crooked-mouthed : la hUnchi mbrúachda mb.¤(-mall, v.l.), Met. Dinds. iii 98.6 . ¤cherr: in senBodb Barchi b.¤ `wry-mouthed', Met. Dinds. iv 338.20 . ¤chert: mo dhaltán búilid béilchert `right-spoken', SG 190.7 . ¤chorcra crimson, red-lipped : belchorcra banamla detgela, TTebe 730 . ¤chráibhthech hypocritical : Content. vi 270. ¤chumang narrow-mouthed, having a narrow opening, entry : a crocan (leg. corcán ?) belchumang narrow-necked, Lia Fáil iii 122.20 ( 23 P 10 ³, 11b7 ). ar na bernadhaibh bélchumhgaibh, FM v 164.22 . ¤derg red-lipped, red-mouthed (in good and bad sense): buriud berna Baidbi béldergi, LL 10872 ( = TBC 4024 ). na brith- emain bēilderga `red-mouthed brehons' ( = severe in judgement ?), Ériu iii 30 § 7. cáinead in barrchais béilderg `the curly-headed red-lipped fellow', iv 216.20 . F. file m. Oengusa Bēlde[i]rg, ZCP viii 326.1 . ¤dub black-mouthed : comairge b.¤ becenech `a black-mouthed guarantor of small honour', Tec. Corm. § 33.2 . a curaig blaithe belduba `black-prowed', Ériu viii 10.36 . sgéala libh go báirc mbéalduibh `tidings to your black-decked barque', RC xlix 173 § 32. ¤ḟairsi(u)ng wide-mouthed, having a wide entrance : .l. bléide buabaill belḟairsiuṅg, LL 7292. ro cóirged bruidin brotla bélfairsing `wide-doored', Fianaig. 70.31 . ¤ḟota long-lipped : D. b.¤ , LL 354c64 . a mbíala belfhoda `wide-edged', Hugh Roe² 174.24 . ¤ginach: na trī badhbha bēl-ginacha three witches with gaping mouths, ML² 1585. ¤glicc: mo bhreath bheilghlic gan bhine `my skilled oral judgement', Keat. ii 1287. ¤lethan broad-doored : ós bruidin béllethoin, SG 230.24 . ¤lúath hasty of speech : 'ná bheith baoth beul-luath aig teagasg cách, De Imit. 13.24 . ¤maith: C. b.¤ `C. Fair-lips', Met. Dinds. iii 324.11 . ¤mall slow of speech : la hU. mbruachdha mbel- mhall, BB 365b37 . ¤remor thick-lipped, big-mouthed : bel- remur bolcsuilech, LU 8516 ( FB 37 ). badhbh béil-reamhar, TSh. 6623. ¤ṡalach foul-mouthed : Badb birach belsalach, RC xxiv 52.1 . ¤scaílte wide open; split open ; scattered : i mbrudin bronnḟarsing bélscailti, RC xiv 414 § 28. ina mbuidhnib bega bélsgāilte, Fianaig. 54.4 . (of a cast-up ship) go ndéantar blogha béal-sgaoilte dhi, TSh. 735. ¤tais with soft, moist lips : an chuideachta chuanna bhuadhach bheóltais (of fair women), Hackett xxvi 57 . ¤tana: go mbiailibh blath- snaoighte b.¤ `thin-edged battle-axes', FM vi 2126.25 . ¤tirim: bérla breganta beoiltirm (spoken) with a dry mouth, O'Gr. Cat. 518.30. ¤trúag: na bid fri baisi ṁbeltrúaig poor- mouthed (?), SR 3890.

See béillicc, bélaites, bélscál, bélscálán, bélscáth.

blasacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. blasacht or dil.ie/6073

Forms: mlassacht, blaisecht

n m., later form of mlassacht (ā, f., with no supporting exx., M 151.5 ). Also blaisecht.

(a) act of tasting: a biadsom do blassacht (do tomuilt v.l.), RC viii 54.7 . gan fér gan uisce do b.¤ , CF² 1415. (of the tongue) ata ar na hordughadh chum an bhlasachta (= fuit ordinatum propter gustum), 23 K 42 , 297.19. ni r-bo ail etir lais a blaisecht, PH 517. míancha blassachta, Tec. Corm. 32.14 . failti na béoil fria blassacht `the lips rejoice in tasting it' ( GJ iv 216b43 ), LL 36563. nir' faom feoil do b.¤ (of a saint), RC xii 322 § 5. ni cumnig nech a bron . . . iar na blaisecht, YBL 83a51 . Fig. nách áil léo Dia ná a neithe do bhlasachd, Desid. 6473.

(b) (sense of) taste: hi cetfaid blaisichta, ZCP xxx 152.11 . do choimhéad an bhlaiseachta co maith (= gustus . . . est custodiendus), ITS xxix 135.7 . in treas blaisecht a[n] bheóil (of the bodily senses), Celtica i 195.1117 .

(c) taste, flavour: is aire nach claechmat dath / ┐ b.¤ , RC xxxvii 346 § 21.

In phr. b.¤ báis: intan iarum robui an rig oc blaisecht báis, FDG 272. roḟagaibh fria blaisect mbais gur' fhír son swore on his deathbed, Lism. L. xxiii 19.

brothlach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brothlach or dil.ie/7026

Forms: brothloch

n o and ā, f. (2 broth? 3 broth ?) cave, hollow, pit, esp. cooking-pit: b.¤ .i. poll, no ionadh in a mbearbhthar feoil a ttalmhain, O'Cl. brothloch (brúthloch) `a boiling pit', P. O'C. cliath, ochd, b.¤, brollach, Eg. Gl. 122. ilar ṁb. na mbled ṁberg pits (in Hell), SR 897. ferba (.i. bó, H) brachtchi (.i. methi, ib.) brothlochi (rhet.), LU 8886 ( FB 68 ). le co ndernai brothlaig foraib, Dinds. 157. nó co dáilfed brothlaig mbáis / for a slóg `he would dispense a mess of death', Met. Dinds. iii 452.41 . Legal: leba an brothlaigh atceas . . . ┐ cinnti conad í gait in fir, O'C. 2421 ( Eg. 88, 33b ). ní ac a mbi laith techta no caire brothlaighi, O'C. 2448 ( Eg. 88, 36b ). See S 239.53.

In n. loc.: ar lár Tiprat Brothlaigi, LL 28748. See Hog. Onom. 634.

búrach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. búrach or dil.ie/7469

Forms: búirech, búarach, búirech, buire

n o, n. Less freq. búirech (cf. búire, búirid). Also appar. búarach.

(a) fury, rage; in some exx. perh. attack, onset: amb. roḟersat nacuraid, RC viii 56.10 . brath na baegul na b.¤ , LL 32383 ( TTr. 1574 ). cor'-imbir a b.¤ forru, TTr.² 1159. srenb. craidi cach míled, MU² 611. connarucad aburach immach `not to put forth his prowess', RC viii 54.23 . rugsat . . . b.¤ / tré cath na ngall `made a brave charge', Cog. 114.5 . ó ro soich buirech a bedg (of hunted boar), Acall. 1792. in luthbás ┐ in b.¤ , TTr.² 1472. fri burach ferga, Ériu ii 130 § 99. co ro-cherddaind mo búraig (sic) ferge . . . far na sluagaib `my charge of anger', CRR 40. tabraid supa am crechtaib, corralar mo buaraigh mbais for Ultu despairing effort (?), B. Fermoy 32a . bud buarach bais duitsiu in comairle sin, RC xi 28.30 . ? nírop b.¤ betraighi, LL 386a44 , see 2 búarach.

In legal and quasi-legal contexts (here more usually búirech): is tre fhīr flathemon tēora blaī būirig im cach n-ōenach `Freiheiten von Zorn', ZCP xi 82 § 26 = tre blaī buraig cech coimdeth (buradhaigh, v.l.) . . . blaī āne ech . . . blaī . . . dūnaid . . . būaid cuirmthige, 93 § 28 (expld. by Thurneysen as occasions on which dissension might arise, but which are free of it during a good reign). Cf. messc n-aenaich fair mesc cuirmthige messc dunaid / a diguin im fer a faithchi is damna mburaig, Ériu xvi 182 § 32. ben for blai buirigh .i. for baile a ndentar agh borr ria, O'Dav. 309 = buire, 238 . ni tuidbenar ar baig na buirech . . . na forecar neicne aggression, fury, rape, O'Don. 622 ( H. 3.17, 463 - 464 ). ? dethbir ngnima ┐ buirech ninnraigh, O'C. 1766 ( 23 Q 6, 36ab ). burach nindraig, O'Don. 1617 (H. 5.15, 14a). buirach ninnra techt i slicht ga deirg iar nguin neich dot cairdib, 713 (H. 3.17, 521). indrud .i. orguin, ut est buirech [n-oldas v.l.] indrud ` outcry ', O'Dav. 1129.

(b) trench, pit, excavation (on relation of meanings (a) and (b) see TBC p. 894 n.6 , Loth, RC xli 372 - 4 ): concechlaid b.¤ (of a bull), LU 5332 (TBC). būrach trī fēindetha annīsiu, TBC² 2821 (of wound). b.¤ thrí bfeindeadh .i. borrágh trí bfeinneadh, no thri laoch, O'Cl. foclassa b.¤ dóib, TBC 6144. dá rás-tharbh . . . ic brisiudh búraigh, MR 298.19 . Perh. also: im burach do thene (`for the fury of thy fire'), Laws i 166.27 . co ramut bidbad, co buirech mbaiti, ZCP xii 363.13 .

In n. loc. Fergna . . . rí Búrig Ulad, MU² 326.

combás

Cite this: eDIL s.v. combás or dil.ie/10788

n (bás): dia mbem-ni hi c.¤ `in death with Him', Wb. 24a10 . Perh. also: acuis combais, O'Don. 261 ( H. 3.17, 209 ) = acais a mbais , ZCP xiv 362 § 22 ( Laws ii 262.4 ).

crólige

Cite this: eDIL s.v. crólige or dil.ie/13097

n n. later m. Ériu lix 25 . (1 crú + lige) (perh. orig. crolige, see Ériu xii 136 ) lying in gore, state of being severely wounded, bedridden . In title of tract Bretha Crólige `judgements on Blood-lyings', BCrólige 1 . i mmessaib crolige, 5 . da secht cumal crolighe cach rig ┐ cach epscuip `[the penalty for] the blood-lying', 2 . eneclann co leth in cach crolighi cuaird, Laws iii 538.27 Comm. dursan dFionnachta . . . laighe i ccroilighe, TFrag. 96.3 . co ro loitsiot, ┐ gur bhó crólighe dhó `was lying in the agonies of death', FM ii 1000.8 . at condairc a croligiu, Blathm. 133 (a chrólige: nime, Ed.). maraid inad a thige / irraibe 'na ch.¤ , Arch. iii 304.1 . co tarladur dhó arachinn i crolighi, Lism. L. 3123 . ar mbeith i bhfad i gcróilidhe dhó `in a wasting condition', Keat. ii 2681 . Cf. airm hi fail a crōlighe, Fianaig. 12.9 . i gcróthluighe leapa, Maguires of F. 25 .

Legal phr. c.¤ báis orig. state of being mortally injured; deathbed; mortal wound. Later legal meaning injury incurring highest mulct (see Binchy, Ériu xii 130 f. and Peritia xvi 345 . See also (of Máel Sechnaill who died 1022): cor bo crolighi báis dó, AU i 512 (s.a. 1004) . direnar crolige mbais caich fo miad `mortal blood-lying', BCrólige 1 . crolí (sic) bais brighther do cach iarna miadh `(a fine) for death-maim', O'Dav. 268 . go raibh a ccrolighe báis, CS 318.5 . Loosely wound, gore : mórán do . . . créchtaibh ┐ do cróshlighibh báis air, CF² 1292 ; cf. crólighe do chuirp ┐ cholla féin gore, Acall. 7172 . Contrasted in Laws with c.¤ cumaile (see Binchy, ad loc. cit.): ba a croslighe (sic) cumaile . . . ┐ a ba a croslighi (sic) bais, O'C. 293 ( H. 3. 18, 161 ). an croligi cumal . . . co tic de dul asteach coitcinn ┐ neach fo láim . . . an crolighi báis . . . nocha ninntaiginn don taibh ara chéile gan neach ag a togbail, 305 ( H. 3. 18, 167 ). in tan ro fearus in maithir crolighi cumaile ar in lenam ┐ sé ina broinn, 1384 ( H. 3. 18, 629b ). Of animals: masa croligi bais roferadh arin rop . . . masa croligi cumaili ro fearad air, 729 ( H. 3. 18, 349 ). leith diri in ruib ina croli[ghi] bais ┐ . . . da trian in leith diri ina croligi cumaile, Laws iii 358.11 Comm. fleg cro-lige funeral feast, Laws v 432.15 Comm. cuna beith deithbir nó fleidhe crolighi sin o cach gradh, O'D. 2374 ( Rawl. B 506, 45b ). cin leth fiach la leth fleidhi croli[ghi] .i. cuig fir deg is í an croli[ghe] deichnebar ar fhichit, O'C. 1774 ( 23 Q 6, 37 b ).

Cf. cro .i. bi[d] doigh cum[b]a[d] ainm do uir, ut est cét-muinter croligi, O'Dav. 483 .

2 dál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 dál or dil.ie/14345

Forms: dálae, dála, dáil, dáil, dála, dálaib, dáil

n ā, f. g s. dálae, dála. a s. dáil. d s. dáil. pl. nom. acc. dála. d p. dálaib.—n s. later dáil.

I

(a) A meeting with (fri): bái oc frithairi na aidchi contuli tráth a dála IT i 126. 19 . ticc iarum in ingen assa dáil, ib. 11 . ní arnicc Ailill a dáil, ib. 127. 18 . noco dernad ríu mo dál, ib. 224. 20 . Aas and nobidh a dalsom fri Creid, Anecd. i 14. 25 . dál itir Aedh ┐ Cathal AU i 194. 2 . is truag in dál TBC 4098 . dursan do dál dédenach, ib. 4036 (but dál 3512 is probably the vn. of the preceding radáled). dálas dáil, Fianaig. 10. 5 . fil mo dáilse (mo dálsa l. 3 ) fris innocht, Hib. Min. 77. 21 . docein doroacht do dáil, Fianaig. 10 , 11 . inna cóic dáloi a ricfom .i. dál fri cneid dál fri bás dál fri muintir nDé dál fri demno dál fri hesérgi allaithiu brathæ ZCP iii 455. 2 . atá ar ndal go ríg na roth, ib. vii 304. 12 . druim re deman dál re Dia, Arch. iii 306. 10 . dail fria cnes fria caemchichi LL 179 a 40 . dogén airius dála frib ann PH 3008 . dál báis a meeting with death (cf. IV): co rosfargbais i ndáil báis, Death-tales 20. 8 . darsin ndáil i tiagsa .i. dál báis RC xiii 387 . ria ndul i ndáil báis, MCgl. 29. 26 ; 81. 11 . conid foichlidhi do cachæn in dal derb ┐ an dal inderb... .i. dail bais, Ériu v 120. 1 . dál éco ( = W. dadyl angheu) id. dochta do neoch dálas dáil facbas dáil néco fri láim, Fianaig. 10. 5 . Cf. da ttecmadh éc dála dam is ar méd grádha Gaoidheal, Reeves' Adamn. 288. 3 . Without qualifier: hi llaithiu dāla, Rawl. B 502 124 b 55 = ina ló dála, Fing. R. 261 . dál fo demi, v. deime below.

(b) a hostile meeting, an encounter: tiagam issin dail sea do chosnam ind ḟir sea TBC 3258 . techt i ndáil ailt Ulad is dal dia mbia pudar, ib. 3271 . ratfíat láich rat láma noco raga ar dála, ib. 3053 . dian a buille dond a dál, Metr. Dinds. ii 16. 4 . ...in debhaid dál adcíu, Arch. iii 297. 1 (cf. bág atchíu, 294. 19 ), cf. 297. 7 . cia robói do dál ri nech robí do dál dedenach, TFerbe 453 . meni thæth...lemsa man dailse CRR 8. 14 . gair ri dogur dál ri dimbuaid, ib. 44. 22 . LL 195 a 39 , 43 . ropsat liri a ndála ropsat láma trena, ib. 46 a 19 . gan dáil gan glíaid ZCP viii 229 st 7 . dáil glecach gonach, Cog. 158. 4 . dál díbeirge, Lec. 353 b 24 . druideamaoid na choinne san dáil, Oss. i 128. 3 . is nach cuibhe dhuit gan seasamh le Daolchiabh a ndáil, ib. iv 154. 28 . dob iomdha buille ┐ béim san dáil, Stowe-MS F iv a, p. 78. 6 . gur bhain lena chloidhiomh san treas deich ndála asa chorp caoindheas, ib. 9 . dál-ingabáil avoiding of battle MR 294. 17 .

prep do dáil towards, against : ná toraig dot dáil in bé thondgel LL 147 a 6 . eirc...┐ finnta latt cid thacras Déicc diar ndáil PH 1042 .

prep i ndáil n- (acc.) towards (cf. i comdáil n-, i coinne): co ti a ndrong im dhail sea, Fél. Gorm. Aug. 19 . totáisiu imbarach im dailsi IT i 126. 17 (cf. l. 2 ). do fóidiudsiu im dailse, ib. 126. 25 . cía so thú dodeochaid im dáil, 127. 20 . dul it dail, 128. 1 . tinóilid a slóghu libh im dáil-si. CCath. 1358 . intan ba mithigh do dul ina dáil IT 126. 6 . luid ina dailseom, 126. 20 (cf. l. 7 ). tráth a dála totaet Étáin ina dáil , 127. 16 . tic ina dáil, 127. 2 . ní bá rí noco tí nar ndáil LU 119 b 11 . ní thíset nar ndáil LL 308 b 1 . is mochergech in læch radáil nar ṅdáil TBC 3296 . in fer thic it dail, ib. 3075 . techt i ndáil, ib. 3270 . tancatar...i ndáil in chatha to the battle TTr. 1841 . tair im dáil, Ériu v 223. 69 . rachaid misi a ndáil éga, Anecd. i 39. 17 . gan ergi ina dail, Fen. 234. 14 . Danuib ria [n]dess sair na dail (sc. the river Don), Rawl. 78 b 19 . tuic inní atá id dál SG i 18. 40 . dul i ndail chuirp Christ PH 5340 . ní doilge leiss dul na dáil andás i ndáil cech bíid chena, ib. 5348 . manip amlaid tiasum i ndáil na hédparta mori se, ib. 5349 . ar eagla feirge chur na ndáil, Oss. iii 282. 7 . rochuimhnigheas ar theacht am dháil, ib. 248. 11 . an dís úd ag teacht na ndáil, iv 96. 2 ; 254. 2 . asa dtigeadh nach iad na dháil, 126. 12 . tionól do bhuidhean ad dháil, 68. 2 . ag triall na dháil, 250. 7 .— triallaidh im dháilse na huile ṡanntuigheas me, TSh. 52. 7 (similarly 245. 18 ). tiocfad id dháil, ib. 4. 34 ; 74. 13 . fógair dhain teacht id dháil arna huisgib, 60. 24 . ag teacht na dháil, 66. 35 ; cf. 248. 21 . rachad i ndáil mathar féin, 244. 17 . gurab gan ḟios tiocfas i ndáil an duine, 74. 12 ; 74. 14 ; cf. 90. 7 , 192. 29 , 206. 2 , 244. 17 .

prep i ndáil (dat.) near, along with (cf. II), cf. i comdáil. Mod. i ndáil le near, Aran and W. Conn. ( GJ xxxii 128 ); in mod. MSS sometimes a ná le. im dhail ad dirim, Fél. Gorm. March 22 . Petar Subhne Seuer...co deghmin nar ndailne, ib. Jan. 11 . Perpetuus Cathub...nar ndailne, ib. Apr. 8 . sciath rígh Teabhtha seo na dáil together with it ZCP viii. 227 . im dáil: Fionn san ḟiann gan stad am dháil, Oss. iii 290. 16 . dá mair- feadh Conán am dháil, iv 22. 27 (am chomhdháil, vi 14. 22 ). iv 80. 3 . it dáil: an bhfuil Fionn san ḟiann ad dháil, iii 248. 27 . ó tá truagh as taise ad dháil, iii 274. 27 . beidh ad dháil Aodh Beag, iv 74. 3 ; vi 26. 15 . (in)na dáil: rochuir chugam an tṡáith aráin as deoch na dháil and a drink together with it iii 278. 24 . is leor do ṡeanoir an phian mar atá as gan tuilleadh na dáil without adding to it iii 286. 3 . dothriall annsúd aran bhféinn Oscur as Aodh na dháil, iv 82. 18 . gan sluagh ná tóir na dháil, iv 120. 3 . ní iarann (sc. Dia) tóir catha go deó na dháil, iv 122. 22 . (in)nár ndáil: san ḟiann uile nár ndáil go dlúth, vi 10. 2 . dḟág sinn uile faoi gheasaibh na dtuile nár ndáil, vi 48. 10 . (in)na ndáil: gan teirce a bhfonn na ndáil, iv 140. 36 .

prep imm dáil n- around, near, along with: beit mom dáil cen dimbaig Cionia chaid, Fél. Gorm. Apr. 3 . beit móm dáil in dremsa, ib. Apr. 27 .

prep ó dáil away from: an ḟiann óm dháil ar cheal the fiann being gone from me Oss. iii 276. 2 .

II A meeting, conference, assembly, convention; a legal meeting, court . Often connected with airecht, (com)tinól, óenach, terchomrac, tochomrac. For -dál as a collective suffix see ban-dál. dál .i. airecht ut est robbé uas bar ndálaib ( = Fél. Oeng. Ep. 63 ), O'Dav. 644 . dál as chomtig fri dáma, Thes. ii 329. 1 . Frequent in the Laws: caite dail? ní adgelltar .i. in leth ingellus neach dul ┐ muna dech biaid smacht urcraidi dala uad ... mada ndech noco nuil smacht urcraidi dala uad, Laws iii 330. 1 . fuírech i ndail i mbi ri, ii 128. 19 . do les dala nó airechta, ii 214. 17 . teora tomaltu ata córai do ríg fora tuaitha oenach ┐ dal do cundrech ┐ tocomrac do chrich, iv 332. 17 . co dail críchi búi la tri cenéla saera a territorial meeting i 78. 17 . athgabáil dechmaide fil...im cach ndail críche, i 192. 11 . im lot do aibinne .i. do suide dala thy convention seat i 170. 15 (cf. dálṡuide below). má teccmai líth laithe nó dail no thochomracc tuaithe, v 396. 21 (gl. l. 25 : dail .i. oenaigh). fri gell fri dail fri dígail, ii 268. 16 . bla dúnad dal, iii 240. 22 (cf. is immi conéirgitis fri dala ┐ dúnada RC xiii 373. 4 ). dal .i. in dal ima comtinoilter ann, Laws 25 Comm. . timtach fir is gnáth a ndáil, v 238. 19 (.i. a ndail aonaig, ib. 242. 17 Comm. ). iar tiachtain dóib don dail ropritchad soscéla Críst dóib, i 14. 15 .—is fairsing a ṅdálsom, Fél. Oeng. Oct. 28 . attecham na hóga doairset ar ṅdála, ib. Sept. 20 . robrúithea i ndálaib, ib. Prol. 33 . it ruama co ndálaib co cétaib co mílib, ib. 211 . noddlo- maim fíad dálaib before assemblies, i.e. openly ib. 133 . robbe uas bar ṅdálaib, ib. Ep. 63 . addreset na degḟir...mor ndalaib, Fél. Gorm. Apr. 22 . is iatso ríg bátar isin dail sin IT i 212. 26 . rohordaigeadh smachta ┐ rechta ┐ dligheadha... isin dail sin, ib. iii 198. 22 . Feis Temrach...┐ fir nÉrenn isin dail sin uili, ib. 198. 25 . nach dal ┐ nach oirecht con- rísar la túathu ┐ rígu, Ériu ii 210. 5 . terchomrac dagdaoine dala menci, Tec. Corm. 3 . fá ma nadhmolad fiad righaibh isnaib dálaib, Arch. iii 294. 4 . ó dosnectar ina ndalaib, ib. 298. 3 , cf. ib. 294. 24 . is ferr (var. lect. maith) cech dal dia tic síd LL 147 b 26 . (fir Hérend) i noenbaile ┐ i noendáil ┐ i noentochim TBC 820 . intan nothéigmis don dáil, Festschr. Stokes 3. 12 . i ndálaib ┐ airechtaib ┐ i comthinoltaib læch ┐ clérech FA 31 . isé dano (forcetul) nopridchad i mmórdáil fer nÉrend, ib. 32 . Ériu co nimad ndála (g s. or of 4 dál RC xxxvii 14 ) FDG 532 . dochumm na dála, Three Hom. 60. 14 . boi dail (sic) mor la Bretnu...luidsom don dail, Lism. L. 48. 3 . ocht neascoib deg ar tri cetaib isin dail sin, MacCarthy 284. 19 . egnaidh Insi Fáil do díth a dáil nGaeidheal FM ii 602. 12 . cen luige do thabairt fo dáil ar domun PH 2684 . amal dogniat inna brécaire i ndálaib ┐ i ndairechtaib, ib. 5947 (cf. 6055 ).

aes dála advocates : mná nád éta urlabra .i. ná fuair aes dala, Laws v 252. 26 .

dál brátho, in dál mór the last judgment : bid mou a onóir i ndail bratha PH 1601 . is imalle ticfat i ndáil brátha, ib. 1652 . co nérius fén...i mórdáil lai brátha, ib. 3444 . bidat marthanaig...co mórdáil bratha FA 6 . co tí in dál már, Arch. iii 313. 17 .

III A law-case, a cause, case; a dispute, controversy (W. dadl debate, dispute): dal .i. caingin ut est dal dia ngetar a mbrugh .i. is caingin dia ngetar, O'Dav. 586 . ó bus tar muir ticfa dacra a dala a roga brethemon i nÉirinn dó, Laws i 6 22 . isé is fiadh naise imna dálaib ima fuiglither he is witness in the cases which are decided H 3. 17, O'D. 580 . aes dála advocates , see II. dala ile fri aes cerd RC xxvi 40. 1 . is amnus dam beith isin dail sin itir dia ┐ duine, Laws i 6. 25 . imodcuiri fein it [d]alaibh act for thyself in thy causes IT iii 200. 29 . is mór nodcuiri ┐ nodgabai féin id dhalaib, ib. 201. 1 . nír bo chucumsa robo chóir dál inna caurath sin do thabairt FB 56 . bretha córa for cach dáil ised dlegair do cach ríg, Rawl. 158. 9 . gan dáil gan gliaid gan gaisgead ZCP viii 229 . na tagra a dáil co fergach ZCP vi 271. 24 . dál do gleod to settle a controversy, decide. bid aingcess la hUltu in dal so do gleod FB 16 . ní gleter dála lasna Déisi acht ind aidchi, Trip. 208. 23 . noglédís dála BR 6 . ar ndemnigud a ndála ┐ ar cinniud a caratraid, TTr. 1764 . court : cuisnit .i. cosnait .i. cosnam dala no cos na dála forsa nairisethair in dálaige, Cormac s.v. cuisnit .

IV

(a) A judgment, decree, sentence, award, ordinance, law , decision (legid dam-sa ar dail, Fen. 182.8 . ná bi ic hildalaib, SR 1698 . Cf. is mor dogni d'imrateib, 1694): dáil .i. dlighedh. gach uile dail tobhaigh is maorti- gherna H 3. 17 , p. 167 . ni techtat for dail is for dail a ndligid (.i. is for dail na haili ata doib ani dlegait, 146. 11 ), Laws i 144. 22 . Similarly 146. 10 . dál Dé SR 3891 . do ḟochmarc a dhála imon caingin sin IT iii 200. 27 . ná rop guach do dál LL 148 a 30 (= KMMisc. 260 st 6 ). ná rop dál co nattail, ib. 147 a 53 . conid sí dál forsṅdesid, ib. 163 a 45 . iar ndáil dligid, ib. 163 b 2 (= Todd Lect. vii 4. 28 ). ma daime dáil ṅdligid dún, ib. 209 a 53 . corbom etal risin dáil, ib. 374 c 19 . roptis fíra mo dála, ib. 307 b 28 . ní theilgset dáil ná dliged, 10 b 18 . rachunig ba fír in dál: a ainm arin cnocc comlán, Metr. Dinds. ii 72. 11 . meni digius guigfitir dala fer ┐ fírfaitir briathra ban TBC 560 . in dáil adcluine así in cóir, Acall. 599 . da tísadh fo breith dála, ib. 2384 . is ann cachain in dail nasdadha do Gaide- laib RC xii 116 . fuirech re dál rígh nime ZCP vii 301 . mesrugud for dalaib Dé ní tarda nech for bith cé, ib. vii 307. 12 . i tucsin dála na ndéi ┐ derritiusa nimi robui sen, CCath. 998 . in cogar dorigneabair léigid damsa ar dáil, Fen. 182. 8 .—Prov. ferr dála ina deabaid ZCP vi 260. 18 . dál báis sentence of death (cf. I above). tucsat dal (dail LL 299 b 45 ) báis (dáil mbáis CS 26. 10 ) forsin ríg LU 118 b 35 ( Trip. 566. 25 ). tucsat na dúle dáil báis do Loegaire LL 299 b 40 .—Here also: dal a talione .i. o eruic ...dal didiu arindi asrenar do cach iarna ngním, O'Mulc. 291 .

(b) an agreement, a contract, covenant; espousals; betrothal: dála gl. ceart daingin orra, Eg. Gl. 243 . dála .i. mionna, O'Cl. naidm a cor ┐ a ndála TBC 2249 (YBL). dúle Dé darstánic dáil, Bor. 40 . dosgní didiu Concobur a dail (betrothal) le Subaltaine, Thurn. Zu Ir. HS 43 § 6 . na deun banais iar ndáil o thús corghais go mioncháisg, Donlevy 116. 14 (with solemnity Donl.; with solemnity or public proclamation, as of marriage Dinn. s.v. dáil ; with this meaning still in use in Donegal).—Cf. athair dála he that delivers the bride or bridegroom to be married P. O'C. , the bridegroom's man O'Br. dáil statute, treaty, contract, covenant, alliance P. O'C.

V (a) A case, matter, affair, state, condition, circum- stance : in dail eile fores é a leth acobar a geill aga fuasluga, Laws i 282. 27 . rofitir Ádam a dáil SR 2029 . ba aingcess laiss in dál dodfánic FB 58 . inniss dam gach dal ret leass co nderntar lim do leges IT i 123. 16 . dal bróin is milti do Moen LL 33 a 32 . sírechtach dál in bith cé, Ériu v 211. 5 . scarad friu bid dál éicne, ib. 210. 1 . ingnad dal (cheville) RC xiii 74. 3 . dál cen séna (chev.), Arch. iii 295. 15 . dál arcanai (cf. mod arcanai 298. 5 ), ib. 297. 11 . dál nad bine, ib. 15 . is dál deimin, ib. 28 . conad hé a saebforcetul sin fodera dósum dúscad cacha drochdála MR 166. 23 . innsaigeas hua Ainmirech im dáil nach dlig, ib. 158. 6 . ór thaitnid frim do dhála the manner of thee (O'Gr.), Acall. 645 . rob olc a ndála ┐ robuaildis mná, Anecd. i 46. 16 (D). in dails[e] ga trialltar lib, Fén. 350. 17 . uair is minic fásus irchóit desnadudh ┐ dimḟuirech na ndál nurlumh dogrés from delaying and procrastinat- ing things always prepared CCath. 551 . do rédugad ┐ dordugad dhál eglasdacdha ALC i 262. 29 . ná len don dáil fora tái do not persist in the course you are pursuing Aen. 580 . iar ccríochnucchadh a dhál ndoṁanda don iarla having settled his worldly affairs FM vi 2234. 30 . iar ccor dal niomdha na leith having brought many other charges against him ib. 2142. 21 . gan dáil a rochtain for ccúlaibh without knowing whether they should ever return ib. 2358 , cf. mar nách biadh dáil imthechta aca, Celt. Rev. iv 206 . dobeir (cuirid) for dáil mbicc he makes little account of: doradsom for dáil mbicc ┐ for neiṁní fuighle na nuasal FM vi 2124. 25 . rogabsom for neiṁsnim do denam de ┐ ica chur for dail mbicc ┐ for neimfni to treat it as a small matter CCath. 5014 . —tuc a ḟis lat gach dál fora mbiat, Marco P. 97 . iseadh is dáil dona mnáib this is the way with women Keat. ii 5323 . an fíreolas atá aga seancha- dhaibh ar dhálaibh a sean, ib. i 104. 12 . dáil na foirne áitigheas í (sc. in críoch), ib. i 2. 4 . da madh linn gach ní ar domhan...folamh ár ndáil fa dheireadh, TSh. 167. 8 . do bhrígh gurab ionann bhur ndál, 105. 14 . ní thuigid ...gurab ionann dál don duine ┐ don ghort bheantar, 73. 24 ; similarly 4. 7 ; 4. 15 ; 7. 21 ; 21. 32 ; 65. 14 . dáil an pheacaidh, ib. 260. 8 . is iontuigthe gurab saobh an dáil don druing, 130. 11 . nó fós dáil na speile ag buain an ḟeoir, 73. 26 . ni hiongnadh an cholann do bheith tréith ré méid a duaidh ┐ a doghrainge óna dálaibh sin for these reasons 82. 24 . is minic ṁothuighmid duadh na dála sin ag buain rinn féin, 84. 18 . don druing rér bhean dochar na dála so, 152. 5 . gan anacal air ná dáil chabhra na chionn, 31. 25 . ionnus nach bí dáil chabhra na chionn, 254. 28 . dál nóentuma lot of virginity Metr. Ds. ii 58. 12 . Probably here: intan rosiacht cusna dála dédenchu do when his last hour had come PH 6602 (but cf. deden-dal the last tryst); cf. s.v. dedenach. Personified: slán riot a Ḟinn...slán riot a ṡárdháil na gcríoch, Oss. iii 256. 7 .

don dáil sin by this occurrence, on that account ML 8. 28 .

ó nach dáil innach dáil in any way: is nemphní ┐ is nemada lind tregdad in talman ó n.d. (o nach nd. R), Alex. 859 . ní chuindig nech fortacht o [a]raile innach dail (o nach mudh R), Alex. 845 . i ndeired na dála at the end, finally , a common modern idiom. Trí Préach. 7 . Páidín 15. 22 .

(b) circumstance, event, adventure, course, story : tánac dia innisin duitsiu mo dala chucutsu siar LU 41 a 1 . is fuilled nága dála in da ingen LL 297 b 3 . admaim ar in rechtaire a dhala in chlaidib the story of the sword IT iii 201. 28 . oca iarfaigid cindus douicemni dála geni Críst LB 139 a 8 . Crístt mac Muire mó gach dáil (d sg.) ZCP vii 303. 19 . roinnis Fionn dóib dáil an echtra sin, Tor. Dh. p. 206 .

prep fo dáil, fo dála as regards, concerning : rochuir techta uadha go Cormac fo dháil na corma ITS vii 61. 33 . fáitsine do dénam don ríg fo dala a ingeni ML 154. 11 .

prep im dáil, im dála: dochuatar i comairle im dáil Stephain LB 229 b 7 . innis daṁ an ḟírinne um dáil an ṁacaoiṁ ITS v 164. 6 . nimdana...imma dala mo degríg SR 2070 . is de bói in comthinól sin occo im dála na creitmi LU 117 b 23 . nuchumtha ní rádim de im dala mic Deichtire TBC 801 , 1484 . gnísit comuirle im dalai and óglaich RC xii 80. 9 . um dala reatha na gréne, ib. xiv 365 . dorala do Andromacha aslinge dúaigh do ascain im dala a fir, TTr.² 1128 . mina abarthi fír frium im dála in chroind roḟalchubar, LB 232 a 22 . ata ingantus...acainde imat dalasu cindus rucad tu asin carcair, ib. 224 a 58 . indisidh in scél cétna im dála in claidib IT iii 201. 30 . asin libar rosscríb imm dála na caingene fuil acaib PH 21 . amal roscrib...imm dalai paisi ┐ césta himáigine Crist, ib. 28 . inní rofaillsig Dia dam im dála chuirp Stepháin, ib. 1487 .

Often only dála: dala immorro Eochada IT i 122. 11 (= TE 8 , Eg.). dála na dá bhanchaointe TBC p. 879 n. dála Ḟinn dobhér sgeula ós árd, Tor. Dh. p. 66 . dála an abbadh, TSh. 140. 1 . dála ríogh na Sorcha ITS x 82. 5 ; 110. 8 , cf. ib. 76. 30 ; 84. 11 ; 88. 1 ; 92. 15 ; 114. 21 ; 170. 28 . Keating ii 47 , 253 , 363 , 1262 , 3098 , 6071 , &c.

do dálaib: bae in rí fo glámaib gné: do dálaib a aislingthe SR 3278 . do dalaib ind escra sin, ib. 3580 , is derb ní tuilter do de: do dálaib na comrainne LL 14 b 14 (= do dhaltaib BB 42 a 26 ).

VI Astrol. a conjunction : dail go soirb re seachtmad, MS-Mat. 72 .

PERS. Gilla na nóg mac Dál-re-dochair ALC 1281 . LOC.: Cnoc na Dála, Dinds. 132 . Cnoc Dála, Sliab Dála, P. O'C.

COMPS. generally = meeting, assembly .

(a) attáil another meeting, another decision, ban-dál, dam-dál, deden-dál, deg-dál, dóer-dál, droch-dál, écen-dál, gó-dál, grían-dál, min- dál, mór-dál, olc-dál, ríg-dál, ro-dál, tiug-dál;

(b) dál-luc, dál-ṡuide, dál-tech, q.v.—MOD. dáil, g s. dála. i ndáil towards. dála as regards. dálta, dáltha mar just as.

deimin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. deimin or dil.ie/15210

Forms: demin, deimne, demniu, demne, demnib, deimnib, demniu, démniu, demni, demnithir, deimhin

adj Always spelt demin in O. Ir. Glosses. g s f. deimne, LL 193b50 . n p. (as pred.) demni, LU 2613 . a p m. and n. demniu, LL 7a8 . demne, 234ay ( TTr. 1291 ) = BB 398b48 . d p. demnib, SR 5656 , YBL 179a21 . deimnib, SR 4692 . Compar. demniu, Ml. 112b13 . démniu, PH 6731 . demni, LL 182b37 . Equative demnithir, Wb. 28c14 , Ml. 131d12 . See also demein.

I As adj. sure, certain, undoubted: amal bid Dia farid gellad . . . bad demnithir sin let it be as sure as if God had declared it, Ml. 131d12 , cf. Wb. 28c14 . rogellai Saul . . . a ingen dó, demin scél (chev.), SR 5839 . ni cuala scel bo demniu, YBL 125b35 . demni scélaib surest of tidings (chev.), LL 182b37 . demin forgaill (chev.), SR 4302 . demniu idnu, LL 7a8 . cidat demni araile di ruinib na esergi, RC xxv 242.2 . is demin (folld. by clause with or without conj.): is demin nach hepelam, SR 2748 . is d.¤ co mbia esergi dóib, RC xxv 236 . is d.¤ is derb is airithe co nach . . ., PH 6036 . is d.¤ de-sin conid . . ., 2264 . as dearbh deimhin ná . . ., FM vi 2358 . is gle is d.¤ is Duid rogab na psalmu, Hib. Min. 162 . is d.¤ tánic mo lá, SG 91.26 . is d.¤ écin, is e in duine-si rotsáraig, PH 3855 . is demin lim I am sure (of, that): is demniu liunn a n-adchiam . . . oldaas an rochluinemmar, Ml. 112b13 . is demhin lemsa . . . an ní bhias de sin, TFrag. 202 . nach ni is d.¤ leo do dlestin dib, Laws ii 272 . is in luc i mba d.¤ leo in crand do thuitím where there were sure the tree would fall, Lat. Lives 94 . gach inad inar d.¤ le Pādraig bendachad do Chairill, ZCP vii 307 . With FRI: ropad d.¤ frisna hoen n-apstal déc . . . certe iam noverant undecim apostoli, PH 5122 . is demin dom: is demhin do righaibh Erend . . . ni biadh tuisel . . . foraibh it is certain to the kings of E. that . . . they shall meet with no mischance, BR 6.20 .

As attrib. with subst., certain, indisputable; sure (to come), inevitable: iarmofuacht A. scéla demne dona techtaib, LL 234a49 ( TTr. 1291 ). a fhioss deimhin cissi haidhed nombérad, SG 79 . derbfaistine demin do denum do, MR 166 . tresna runu rodemne, BB 398b48 . ni hūaim téit éc dían d.¤ , Arch. iii 216 . coroslig . . . díglaib demnib with sure vengeance, SR 5656 . genuine, real: ba dál ri dithrub ṅdemin, LL 151b21 . is hesin dlige d.¤ tresa tanic ... the way...really came, PH 232 . fid d.¤ na nduan the true tree of poems, SG 245 . Sure, reliable, trustworthy: cultech ndemin, Thes. ii 292.10 . dín d.¤ , SR 5798 . cona cathrachaib . . . daiṅgnib deimnib, 4692 . fri dai[n]gniu demniu, LL 7a8 . lamda degmná deimne, 193b50 . a Dé demin, 183b13 . riaglóir d.¤ , Ériu iii 106 .

Adv. in demin surely, certainly, verily, indeed ; gl. quod quidem, Ml. 37a13 , cf. 37a17 . cid in d.¤ gl. iam quidem omnino, Wb. 9c18 . Mid. Ir. co demin: de nim tra co d.¤ doraga in comdiu, RC iv 248 . cuich thú, a duine, go deimhin? Buile S. 148 . budh ri go deimhin . . . an ghen fail id bhroinn, TFrag. 102 . Often emphasizing answer to a question: nach hé Cailte . . . siút? is mé co d.¤, ar C., Acall. 3216 ; 2376 , 6318 . go d.¤ derb, SG 245 . Defining foregoing statement, to wit, namely: as comfocus ind aimser. aimser sin in báis co d.¤ (= tempus utique mortis), PH 5089 . slicht in gói rothecht ina thoeb . . . .i. ina thoeb ṅdess co d.¤ (= videlicet latus dextrum), 6780 . isin cathraig .i. i nIerusalem co d.¤ , 5081 .

II As subst., certainty, assurance, proof: doberadh d.¤ duin an fuil sluaigh S. ar gar duin, Fier. 209 . tainicc deimhin a mbáis go Saxoibh, FM vi 2092 . acht mona a mbeth a d.¤ acca an flathas neamhdha d'fagbail, ZCP i 124 . do bo truagh les gan a d.¤ aicce cindus do beidis . . ., BCC 16.34 . mar fuair S. deimhin air sin, TSh. 9105 . co bfionnta fein a dh.¤ , Buile S. 148 . muna ffághbadh féin d.¤ an sgeoil, TFrag. 28 . deimhin, f., IGT Decl. § 150 .

Compds. ¤ḟorgell sure testimony: in tan arróet demin forgell ind imdibe o Dia, PH 5679 . hi ndeminfoirgell esérgi Críst, LB 226b50 . deimin forgill na scribtuiri, Laws v 12 (perhaps two words `sureness of testimony'). ¤scél: luid fri deminscél cosin ṅgrianán to bear exact tidings, TFerbe 69 . nogo faghthai deiminsgel o R., Fier. 175 . Note also ¤máthair mother (compd. analogous to derb-bráthair, ¤ṡiur): Callech ingen Dunlaing . . . demin máthair Bráin, LL 141b11 ( RC xlvii 314 ).

deog, deoch

Cite this: eDIL s.v. deog, deoch or dil.ie/15494

Forms: deug, deog, deoch, dige, dig, dig, deoch, dig, deoga, deochann, deoch

n f. On inflection see Thurn. Gramm. § 308 . n s. deug in O. Ir. glosses, Mid. Ir. deog, later deoch; g s. dige; d s. dig; a s. dig, later deoch; du. dig; n p. and a p. deoga, deocha; cf. g p. deochann, MacAingil 572 . deoch f., IGT Decl. § 165 . drink, draught, potion: deug mór du óul, Ml. 94c12 . a mbiad ┐ a ndeug, Tur. 71 . milsem cacha corma a cét-deog the first draught is the sweetest of all ale, LL 345d58 = cétdeoch, Tec. Corm. 31.25 . robá i n-ítaid ┐ doratsaid dig dam, RC iv 246 (LU). tucsat deoch d'aiceit dó, PH 130 . ni maith do dig, ní maith do indlut for drinking or for washing, LL 283b27 . ibid ina dig . . . al-lind robói isin chuach in one draught, FB § 59 = ina oendig, § 62 . doberedside affaing ṅdergóir cacha dige noibed dond epscop, LL 278b38 . ní ráinic lind digi liquor to drink, 160a18 . tús dighe the privilege of drinking first, Hy Fiachr. 142 . cor ibidur a da ndig asa chuislend, Lec. 549a46 . ibait deoga duirbbi fola, TBC 5846 . as a n-eabur na huasal-deocha, Laws v 408 . do dheochaibh milse, TSh. 562 . ag ibhi deochann ar a cheile drinking to each other, Mac Aingil 572 . deog dermaid a philtre, BB 302a37 . tucsat dig ndermait dó, LU 4030 ( SC 48 ). Fig. deog a topur éca, LL 184b35 . assib digh mbáis , FM 899(poem) (i 558). deoga tonnaid, BDD § 98 (see Stud. Celt. xxxv 299-306 ). deog liubair `book-draught' (a kind of ordeal), Laws v 472 (see Plummer, Ériu ix 115 § 33 ).

1 ed

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ed or dil.ie/19657

Forms: ed, ed, é, ed

pron. 3 s. n. (In Mid. Ir. also occasionally sed. TBC 938 , 1057 . LL 264b30 , etc.) it: ed ōndī ass id, O'Mulc. 370 . For the typical usages of the independent pron. see under 1 é. After the disappearance of the neut. gender from the nominal decl., the pron. ed survived in various special usages, most of which can be exemplified in O. Ir. In certain of these usages ed is replaced by é in the later lang. (cf. 1 é IX). The principal types are shown below. In Old and Mid. Ir. ed is often found independ- ently in virtual copula sentences, as: in gaisced gebes...? ed is it...? it (is) TBC² 562 . ed ad-fedem this we relate LL 184a29 ; also in the phrr. ed ón, ednonoín (see below); apart from these, and occasional inversions, it is always accompanied by the copula.

I ed is used in referring to a statement, proposition, fact, circumstance, order, etc.:

(a) retrospective: ni hed insin ro légsid in Evangelio (gl. qui dessensiones...praeter doctrinam quam uos dedicistis, faciunt) Wb 7b23 . inn ed insin furuar dait? nate ní ed (ref. to verba delictorum meorum) Ml 44b10 - 11 . requiren- tibus is ed insin namma di chanoi[n] forsa trachta á qui fructus 46c14 (cf. under II (c)). is hed ón dogníithsi (gl. frater cum fratre contendit) Wb 9c15 . 10b9 . mostairchella sūil dar sodain, ol C. Is hed ōn atchiu, ol E., TBC² 1177 . do-rat ráthachas...na ticfad...et issed ón na ra chomaill LL 299b38 . Lism. L. 391 . níom díomsach...gidh eadh aigneadh aonduine, Content. viii 27 .

(b) anticipatory (the grammatical constr. is the same as in III below): ni hed not beir i nem, cia ba loingthech (gl. non est regnum Dei in esca et potu) Wb 9c9 . is ed dugní iarum atluchedar buidi do Dia nammmá Ml 128c3 . TBC² 194 . is ed dos-gní torsech...can a ríg...eturru TBC 5693 . ro bui telchomrac i Muidh L....is hed ro tinol ropo immned leo an aes pende do epiltin, Mons. Tall. § 73 . Esp. with verbs of thinking or saying: is ed durumenatarsom nad fess in gním Ml 80b10 . is ed as doig liun...bid exaggeranter duintad a n-emfases 89d6 . combo hed domuined cāch combo ulc[h]a TBC² 1644 . is eadh do measadh leo, dá dtéidís..., Keat. iii 3961 . is ed asberatsom is gau dúnni inna hí adfiadam Ml 93d14 . 95a5 . 106d3 . issed ra raidsetar combad é C., TBC 2920 . 4570 . is ed adfiadut eolaig...nat boi, etc. Aisl. MC 47.23 . assedh adubairt, sgrib aibidil do BCC § 59 . Regular with an anticipated clause of the type: tol Dé do dénum: is ed inchoisecht tri sodin, coic bliadni deac do thormuch for a saigul Ml 16c10 . na banscála do thidecht..., is ed dofornet sin...in eclais...do thidecht PH 3460 . is ed fodera dam cend do thócbail .i. Cailte d'ḟaicsin, Acall. 3222 . is eadh do cinneadh leis na moghaibh an rí do mharbhadh, Keat. iii 2150 . 3052 . 4477 . is eadh is indéanta dhuit neart sluagh d'ḟágbháil 3520 . comadh ed aderdáis airgne do denum, Fianaig. 70.27 . is eadh do mheasadar iad féin do ṡaoradh, Keat. iii 5736 . Cf. III (b).

II The pred., a subst. (m., f. or pl. or phr.), is placed first and ed takes its place after the copula:

(a) ed is followed by a subst. (in this type ed would be regular in O. Ir. when the subst. was itself neut.); sē deich issed ind árim sescat SR 756 (though here we should perhaps take ind as = i n-, and mentally supply tiagat after the pron.; cf. 754 . In similar lines, however, we have isshi ind a., iss hé an a. 744 . 558 ). dā ḟer déc bássed a lín TBC 2898 (= ba he a lin TBC² 2161 . cf. sē cēt...ba hé a lín SR 6276 ). trí catha ba headh a líon, Keat. iii 4871 (but: is é líon táinig rí L. ann naoi míle 2293 et pass.; see III (a) below).

(b) ed is followed by a pronoun: almsa ar neamh acus neach faī | dlaī tar in tech is ed hí, Arch. iii 236 § 8 . aoinchi- neadh dob eadh iaidséin TD 32.11 .

(c) ed is followed by a rel. verb (a very common type): guidhe et tomoltód ar mbáis is hed dorigénsam Wb 14b26 (in resp. to: ceist cid dorigénsam). in digal dombeirsom is ed inchosaig a frecndarcus the punishment which He inflicts, it is that which indicates His presence Ml 116d3 (cf. ind fithis tēte in peccad ishí tē[te] in pian 28c19 ). datha na flesc cotagaib | hed nobid forsna huanaib SR 2964 . tri deich...issed tiagait hi trichait SR 748.764 . dá cét mbliadan... | is ed ropo slán d' Abíal 1986 . LL 307b37 . an bél dūnta as eadh budh ḟearr IGT, Decl. ex. 1285 . cin leagha... | trúagh más eadh fadera a dul, ex. 1138 . cf. TBC 5039 .

Freq. in partitive expressions: issed namā fil and dind ḟīn TBC² 1578 . co torchair .l. leis...issed romarb don tṡluag RC iii 181 . deich fir...iss ed gebus mo chell... | d'abbaib, Acall. 5435 . is edh do bhúi a tigh mu thigerna do chornnaibh: dá chornn déc, etc., 123 . Cf. Ml 46c14 cited under I (a) above.

(d) The emphasised predicate is an adverbial phrase: feadh mh'aoise gidh eadh ro bheinn | 'gá díol, Dán Dé xv 2 ( YBL 371b ). gidh maith le fear fuair soirbheas | ar n-uair is eadh as aimhleas, vii 2 . ar iasacht is eadh dobhir | an domhan dona daoinibh, xxii 8 . isan tegh sin... isseadh rugadh ar Slānaightheōir, Fl. Earls 110.25 . an cethramadh bliadain dēg...issedh ro gairmedh airdespog don næm sin 100.12 . deslām fris ba hed rusgapsat 162.6 .

(a) ed is followed by a subst. (ed would be regular here in O. Ir. when the subst. was neut., in Middle Ir. the subst. after ed is occasionally fem. or masc., but instead of ed the masc. or fem. pron. becomes regular towards the modern period): bá sed a lín tanic, deich cét, etc. TBC 708 (but: is é lín luid 99 ) ba sed a llín deich cét, etc. 169 . ba hedh a lín trí naenbar, Acall. 171 (but: iss é lín tangamar 5665 . 6923 . Keat. iii 2291 , etc.; lín is in O.Ir. both m. and n. Wb 29a17 ; cf. Ml 17d6 ). ba sed in chomairle ra cruthaiged leo in bantrocht da lecud immach TBC 1356 . 704 . is ed comairle doróni P. ro tinolait leis a milid, etc. TTr.² 1784 . bassed a n-anmand, M. ┐ E., LL 298a42 . 264b30 . Cf. conid ed andso anmanda na n-aband: Sas, etc. TBC 4214 = it hē a nanmandasid, Sas, etc. TBC² 2739 .

(b) ed is followed by a rel. verb: is ed as dulem dún do engnu in stoir Ml 14d7 . amal as n-ed as moam serc linnai adchotadsam triar saīthar saindiles sic is ed as moam serc la Dia maicc Israhél 92c5 . 99b5 . issed dorochar leiss.... .i. dá Roth, dá Luan, etc. TBC² 1371 . as ed tucaisi let...breth soiscela, Laws i 8.2 . conid ed tra tanic ass fuil ┐ fín PH 674 . is edh búi ann, torc, Acall. 1555 . issed is gnathḟocul ann `tarraid Aincél tú' 6214 . táncas .. dá ḟégad gá lín dobádar ┐ is edh dobádar, trí catha 1782 . is eadh bhíos d' airdrígh É. | luighe an chiontaigh TD 9.21 (v.l. asé). Cf. I (b).

In such exx. as the following, ed seems loosely substi- tuted for a pronominal prep.: cid rot imluaid? iss ed rom imluaid d'ḟoglaim ḟessa, Acall. 3354 . 3900 (the form of the reply seems influenced by such a constr. as: is dō tānac, dot cobairsi, Aisl. MC 116.3 . TBC² 1594 . Cf. V, VII below). Cf. Mon. Tall. § 73 , cited under I (b).

IV ed takes the place of an adj. or adjectival phrase, or a subst. used in a generic or adjectival sense, as pred. after the copula (cf. ni hed a mét as ned a sechmadachte creui intan mbís pro cresco acht ised in tain mbís pro uideo Sg 182b3 ): dús ind fīrcomtúd acus mad ed ón whether it be true conversion, and if so Mon. Tall. § 56 . cōir...a uachtar, ┐ is ed cid a ichtar, Corm. Y 340 . manib orba cruib...he, uair massed unless it be o.c., for if it is Laws iv 44.26 Comm. in don fine iad no nach eadh 288.9 Comm. in cétna duine doroine Dia...ba dia dheilbh... doforsat, ┐ robad ed in cland no genfed uadh mane tarm- theissed, Ériu ii 132.5 . is fer comlainn cet esiomh ┐ nocha n-edh misi TBC 3884 (St.). is brég...┐ do rachainn da suidiugudh curob edh ZCP vi 91.5 . ni sluag...sin, acht na daire...Da mbad ed iat cid fotera na carpait fothu? MU 20 = LL 264b43 . masa méth bid ed a mac, Acall. 3500 . gaelmar Muire, a Meic na hoighi | issed thusa o techt na cli Mary is akin (to us)...and so art Thou YBL 369a22 . masa bang í, gion gurb' eadh IGT, Decl. ex. 1117 . damadh a tigh no creittea...do ticfatis..., uair nach edh, ni ticfat, Lism. L. 355 . ní leat an teagh... 'sní headh an chlann, Ir. Monthly 1922, 386 . ni follus an claechlod sin duinne mar as edh claechlod sholu[i]s an re as is the change of the moon's light Ir. Astron. Tr. 96.29 . ní romór as edh a n-innmhus, Maund. 264 . gurab ainm d'Éirinn .. Scotia amhail is eadh Hibernia , Keat. ii 5858 . ní headh d'ogham mur as eadh do gháoidheilg, mur so :— IGT, Introd. § 49 .

Hence ed is used with copula to assent to or deny a pre- ceding proposition or question; this becomes a stereotyped form of affirmation or denial: ní tabraid luighe ar bith acht as edh nó ni hsedh yea or nay Maund. 264 . Luc. Fid. 100 . in cotlad do A. innosa? nad ed āmh TBC² 2478 . mad maith let...tochailter in carnn anocht. ní hed, ar C., acht toch- ailter amairech hé, Acall. 2061 . in a[c] comed in topuir atai? is ead am RC xxiv 196z . in a nUltaib is áil let ferann...? ní hed um, Acall. 5756 . crét dobeir cáí ort... ┐ in ac feicail in inaid a mbid Find? issed what makes thee grieve...and is it beholding the place where F. used to be? it is that 6537 . mairg duitsiu...masa rem ṡúlibse gebes ecla tú . ní hed deṡodain, ar in rí LL 303b17 . an ar a thruaighe...? dobheirim briathar nach eadh, Keat. iii 970 . an dom bhreithse .. thángais? is eadh 1931 . nach le cinneamhain theagṁhaid na huilc? ní headh, Parrth. Anma 71 . Luc. Fid. 36 . an eolach thusa orra? is eadh go deimhin, Macaomh an Iolair 56.4 .

V ed is occasionally used somewhat like amhlaidh in Mod. Ir., in introducing an assertion: ind uair ro hairim- thea a tseoid iss ed do bith lán machaire Maige F. aici, Acall. 5523 . iss ed do bíth ól tri nonbur...isin chuach sin 6007 . cech urchar doberdis cuici is ed do thecmad ar cenn meic...do lucht in tsída 1685 . Cf. sed ba cumma cū ┐ ech ┐ dune and TBC² 2001 .

VI Adverbially with vb. of motion, anticipating the following route, destination, etc.: issed dolotar timchell nhErenn fo tuaith, Trip. 16.14 . is ed doch[u]atar iarum la toeb in trachta Lesbetai, TTr.² 574 . issed dochoid i tir Eogain, Trip. 150.19 ; 154.24 . TTr.² 233 . issed ruc a ech inní D. co tech a ingine, Met. Dinds. iv 304 . TBC 6154 . FM ii 1150.15 . An elliptical constr.? Cf. is ed didiu leth lotar...timcill Eirenn atuaidh, Lism. L. 138 .

VII In idiomatic use with impers. subst. verb: is hed dathar dún (gl. maledicimur quod speramus in Deum viuum) `therefore we are in evil plight' Wb 28d4 . hore nopridchim dúibsi ished dathar dom 21c9 . is hed romboth dom (eo quod habeam in corde vos...et in defensione) 23a24 . 5b31 . is hed inso romboth dossom (gl. cum gentibus edebat) 19a9 . Cf. ced taī doib TBC² 410 . ni nach cin aile no taid dom (gl. ego ergo inimicus vobis factus sum, verum dicens vobis?) Wb 19d26 , and see attá.

VIII ed is also used in the following phrases: cid (gid) ed though it be, yet, however, nevertheless: rosrengtha... a ḟogaimen fo chenn. ┐ cid ed ni rochotail yet he did not sleep TBC² 2512 . cid ed ōn 177 . Cáin Ad. 6 . ní bái immarcraid neich dib ac áraile, acht cless in gæ bulga ac C. Cid ed ón ba conganchnessach F. na agid-side even as to that, F., on the other hand, was horn-skinned TBC 3009 . cid hed aman SR 7254 . Cf. gidh eadh sin, Macaomh an Iolair 48.26 . issé sin in tres inadh...narb áil liumsa do ḟeicsin... ┐ gid ed rachat letsa ann, Acall. 2092 . LL 295a42 . robámarne ar in comrac...co rabadur ar cuirp ina cró-lintib fola, ┐ cid ed tra is sinde fa trén issin chomrac, Acall. 6495 (ar ái tra v.l.). 7168 . díon ar ṡlógh é agus gidh eadh | ar brón, a Dhé, ní dídean GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 623 . 398 . cidh bé trath dogéntaidhisi seruis do Dia...co ngébthaidhi in talam. cid edh an fedh anfuidhi an[b]ar pecaib ni fuil ecla acainne romaib, Maund. 123 . tuc [an sagart] Crimthann mar ainm air... acus gedh eadh, docondcas do Dia...nar cnesda...an t-ainmsi do beith air BCC § 53 . Adeir Sanderus, etc., gidh eadh ní fíor an ní-se adeir Sanderus, Keat. iii 14 . do chuir teachta uaidh...'ga iarraidh orra braighde do chur chuige. gidh eadh fá hí freagra Dh. ar na teachtaibh nach tiubhradh braighde dhóibh 4400 . 3932 . = L. autem: atáid uamha ag na sionnchaibh..., gidh eadh, ní fhuil ionadh... ag Mac an duine ( Luc. ix 58 ), TSh. 8119 .

gi edh YBL 353b23 . 359b44 . gi eadh 355a28 .

See also Studies 1922, 410 . TD 1.8 . Keat. iii 220 . gidh eadh bhós TD 8.38 ; 22.15 . gidh eadh, trá 20.3 .

Sometimes in past tense, cérb' (gérb) ed: Dia etrumsa ┐ in t-anfíren, or C., ┐ gerb ead nir ḟác in baile LB 273b29 = SG 53.26 . In: ní thiobhra an corp cead a mhúinte | a mhacnas orm gidh eadh raibh, Dán Dé xix 6 (= YBL 393b ), gidh eadh raibh is apparently subjunct. of: is eadh atá, cf. Dán Dé xv 2 , cited u. II (d) above (the MS. a macnas may also = i m.). cip (gip, gib) ed may be used in same sense as cibé (gebé): ciped mac díb nogabad gasced TBC 1089 (v.l. cibe St); but the analysis is doubt- ful, cf. under 1 é II (b), and see attá, is.

mas(s) (massu) ed if it is, if so, well then, therefore (freq. in narrative as well as in argumentative com- position; cf. massu ed béso mó a fius dúibsi (gl. tanta passi estis sine causa? si tamen sine causa) Wb 19b11 . and also Sg 50b13 . 88.2 . 192b7 ): is bec linne...beith duitsiu i cléir chlerig . massed, bar in file, fácbam na clercho LL 306a31 . M. ingen Aengusa rí Ulad do tsenmathairsiu... Mass ed is ó Ultaib...tucamarne in mire ata induind, Acall. 5754 . in a nUltaib is áil let ferann...ní hed um...Mass ed, ar F., rachatsa...co hE. 5757 . 7967 . Keat. iii 1510 . 4401 . féach, a léaghthóir, bíodh gurab ar sluagh B. do bhí M. ..., maseadh do bhí do cheilg idir sé féin is L., nach táinig, etc. 4476 . ii 3803 . 3862 .

mar bud ed as it were (ironical): an tí as ionnraic, mar budh eadh who pretends to be honest Dán Dé xxii 20 = YBL 401b6 .

ní ed a mét (gl. nec tantum, non tantum, non solum Ml 112d2a . 121b16 . 122b15 . 145d4 . Wb 23c7 ). ní ed nammá, noc(h)on ed nammá, later ní hed amáin (replaced again by ní hé amáin, see 1 é IX (b)); in tan doberdis desmeracht asin chanoin ba hoinlebor leo in tsaltair...┐ ni edh namma dana, nach maigin in-airimther, etc. Hib. Min. 2.58 . srian muinci dergóir fria graig | ocus nocon ed nammā | turid airgit... | iss ed fil is tig hi tā SC 31 . fil secht flaithi for a bru | ┐ nochon ead namma | fuil secht mna cach enfir dib, etc. IT ii 182.221 . is ed atbeir conid rig... ┐ ni hed nama, acht michométaid ar sapóti-ne PH 2587 . do léigcebur...ar talam dúinne, ó nach raibi Crist aca chosnam... ┐ ní hedh amáin acht do tidhlaicc duinne é ar son [b]ar pecaidh, Maund. 123 . PH 7337 . BCC § 84 . ni hed amain rocrochsabar hē, acht a bualad ┐ a fhanámut PH 2934 . ni hedh amáin do cuir se a cosmailes re hE. é, act do chuir se...os a chend é BCC § 50 . § 69 . § 72 . ní headh amháin do ghabhadar na sagairt...orra féin bheith umhal...acht fós do ghabhadar na heaspuig féin orra é, Keat. iii 1349 . adubairt...go tibrad se dósan é, ┐ nach edh amháin acht go tibradh se dō gach dáil, etc. BCC § 116 . § 132 . is córaide so do chreideamhain nach eadh amháin airdeaspog Mumhan ghairthear... d'airdeaspog Caisil, acht fós go ngairthear airdeaspog Leithe Mogha uile dhe, Keat. iii 316 . Cf. cid hed aman SR 7254 . cid ed amáin da-neth...rapo lór... LL 241b20 .

Similarly: ní hed, ni hed sin: ni hed sin tra, acht tecait uilcc immda ele assin adaltras PH 7783 .

ed non(n)oín (< ed inonn oín?) this has only been noted in the O. Ir. Glosses, where it renders idem and identidem; it seems to be an artificial construction, possibly an imitation of unus et idem: ed nunnoín (gl. idem in: `filium matris' idem dicit quod et `fratrem') Ml 70d1 . ednonóen (gl. identidem) Sg 201a11 . With neut. art.: a n-ednonóen aiccent in uilt indib `the same thing (to wit), an accent' 55b3 (see note, Thes. ii 109 , and ZCP v 8.31 ).

ed ón (rarely id ón): whether the .i. of the O. Ir. Glosses is to be so read is doubtful, in spite of the occurrence in Mid. Ir. MSS. of .i. as a compendium for edón, see Thurn., Hbch. i p. 24 . In the Harl. copy of the O. Ir. treatise on the Psalter (Hib. Min.), however, the .i. of Rawl. B 512 is in some cases represented by ed on e.g. Rawl. B 512 ll. 195 , 435 . In Auraic. 357 (= 2731 Y) .i. is expl. by: ed un (ed on Y) .i. ed a oen erniud no ed a oen an eolaig (cf. Y). edon quasi idon .i. scyendumm . Corm. Y 571 . In later MSS. often adhon. For use of .i. see KMMisc. 102 ff.

That is, to wit , `id est': tre metur .i. (edon v.l.) metur dachtalacda Hib. Min. 6.187 . eiligiacum metrum .i. (edon v.l.) metur eligiecda 6.195 . dor-rime S. inni n-ali n-and .i. (edon v.l.) beatus , etc. 13.435 . 441 . áliss Pátricc Dubthach im damnae n-epscuip...idón fer soer socheniúil, Thes. ii 241.8 (= Trip. 344.9 ). dubbert P. cumtach du F. idon clocc ┐ menstir 241.16 . gladiolus adhon sailestrach C iv 2, 25va 6 . edera arborea adhon eigheand na crann RC ix 231.7 . ri rogab M., edhón Feidlimid mac C., Hib. Min. 65.2 . aní léaghthar ag Daniel san seachtmadh caibidil, eadhón go bhfacaidh sé beathadhach, etc., TSh. 1024 . as an bhfocal uathadh san choisreagadh, eadhon, In nomine , O'Dowley 2.2 .

faicsin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. faicsin or dil.ie/21066

Forms: faicsin, faisgin, faigsin, faisgin, faigseana

n ā,f. (aicsiu) faicsin faisgin IGT, Decl. § 148 . faigsin, faisgin; fear faigseana , 111 § 4 . aicsin, lochtach, ┐ dorin- nedh hí, ib. n.

I Seeing (see aicsiu): rogab grāin ... iat ica facsin, Ann. Conn. 1249 § 10 .

II That which is seen, hence outward appearance, aspect: rogabh faixin bháis, gach fer | ar egla a mbáis ..., Duan. F. i 72.27 . as imne baoi ... C., ┐ ailgine adhbhair airdrigh ina f.¤ ZCP xiv 218.13 . do reir na faicsiona according to appearance John vii 24 . co facuidh C. a bfaicsin neoil ┐ rotha grene ┐ escai celmaine dochuir saw by the aspect Marco P. 68 . fírinne na faicsiona sin do dhearbhughadh, O'Hussey T.C. [265 ]. With meta- thesis: cend gascid clainne hAdaim | líach a ḟascin i mbae- gul LL 244b25 ( TTr. 2074 ). See feicsin.

fo-ácaib

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-ácaib or dil.ie/22337

Forms: fácaibh, —facaib, foácbat, fuácbat, —facabtais, —farcab, —fácba, —farcba, —fargbaid, facbat, facbad, faicfedh, —fargbad, fáiceb, —fuicéb, fo-t-uigebsa, —fuiceba, —foigebat, —faicebat, —fóicebaind, —faicbed, faicfedh, fotrácbus, fosrácbus, forácbais, fáccab, facab, facib, —facab, fácaib, foracab, foragab, forácaib, —farcaib, foragabsat, facabar, —facabtha, —farcabtis, faicebthair, fáicebthair, —faicebthar, faicebtair, foracbadh, fotracbad, —farcbad, —ffarccabhtha, fagbaid, fácbait, fácb—, fácbaim, fágbhaim, fácbai, fácbait, facbait, facbaid, fácbais, fúic, fófácaib, fofacaib, fofacbad, fosfácbus, forfacbus, forfaccaib, forfhagoip, forfacbad, forḟacaibthi, farcbur, —farc- bainn, fargbhais, fágbais, rofarcuibh, bfargaibsiot, fácb—, fác—, fág—, fác, fagainn, ḟactais, —fáicfe, faicfimmít, ḟác, fhacsat, facthair, fágthar, faicfiter, fuicfider, fác—, fo-ác-, forfacsam, fos-racsamar, foracsabair, foracsat, forracsat, barḟacsat, baracsat, farcb-, fargsat, farcsat, fágbhuim, fágbhae, fágbhaidh, —fáguib, —fágbann, fágmuid, fágbhar, ḟágbhuinn, faeigfed, fóigfed, fūigfed, —fúigeab, —fóigeab, —faeigebh, fáoigfidh, fúigfidh, —ḟaeigfi, fáicfidi, faoigebtha, fúigfid, fúigfidhear, —ḟaeigfinn, —ḟúigfinn, —ḟóigfinn, —fāgbhas, fág- bhais, —fáguibh, —fágbais

v (fo-ad-gaib). Early forms: Imperat. 2 s. fácaibh, CCath. 1666 . Ind. pres. 3 s. —facaib Ml 102a20 . 114b16 . 3 pl. foácbat Bcr 18b11 . fuácbat Ml 80a10 . imperf. 3 pl. —facabtais LU 10560 . subj. pres. 1 s. (perf.) —farcab LU 5674 . 2 sg. —fácba 6068 . 3 s. (perf.) —farcba, Ériu iii 104 § 33 . 2 pl. (perf.) —fargbaid LU 8387 . 3 pl. narom facbat , Gild. Lor. 16 . past subj. 3 s. no facbad , CCath. 392 v.l. (nó faicfedh , text). ( perf.) —fargbad SR 2835 (: tarddad). fut. 1 s. fáiceb LL 252a37 . —fuicéb LU 5152 . fo-t-uigebsa, Trip. 176.3 (2047) . 3 s. —fuiceba ZCP viii 310.19 . 3 pl. —foigebat Ml 69a8 (for the -g- here cf. Ml 95a12 ). —faicebat LL 112a36 . sec. fut. 1 s. —fóicebaind, Trip. 244.5 ( = —foicébaind 2879 ). 3 s. —faicbed SR 4132 (cf. nó faicfedh , CCath. 392 ). pret. and perf. 1 s. fotrácbus Wb 31b1 . fosrácbus LL 251b10 . 2 sg. forácbais, Trip. 176.2 ( = farác- bais 2046 ). 3 s. fáccab, Thes. ii 242.19 ( Arm. 18b1 ). facab; facib Thes. ii 240.14 ; 15 ( Arm. 18a1 ). —facab LU 10988 . fácaib SR 6168 (possibly pres.). foracab Ml 37d10 . foragab 30a9 . forácaib, Trip. 176.6 (2049) . —farcaib (—farggaib v.l.) Hy ii 10 . 3 pl. foragabsat Ml 95a12 . Pass. pres. s. facabar LU 4925. Laws ii 366.11 ( SM Facs. 41b1 ). subj. past s. —facabtha TBC² 3595 . pl. (perf.) —farcabtis Wb 31d13 . fut. s. faicebthair LL 303a17 ( Bor. 81 ). fáicebthair LL 289b8 ( RC xiii 444x ). —faicebthar TBC² 3594 . pl. faicebtair LL 302a8 ( Bor. 69 ). perf. s. foracbadh, Mon. Tall. § 71 . fotracbad LL 147a5 . —farcbad 286by . TBC² 3594 . Cf. ruacbath RC xxv 22.3 ; 227.1 . pl. —ffarccabhtha FM ii 846.10 . ro fagbaid BB 445a51 ( = ro fácbait , Mer. Uil. 24 ). vn. fácbál, —áil, q.v.

Mid. Ir. and later forms.

(1) Already early in Mid. Ir. the prototonic stem fácb— often takes the place of the deu- terotonic forms ( pres. 1 s. fácbaim LU 9217 . fágbhaim TSh. 5002 . 2 sg. fácbai TBC 3473 . 3 pl. fácbait LU 1547 . 8763 . facbait SR 7655 ) and is treated as that of a simple vb., pres. 3 s. facbaid SR 3687 . 3 s. pret. fácbais (see IGT below). Cf. fúic me meisi d'Feraibh Ceall, BNnÉ 174 .

(2) In deuterot. forms the f is often repeated. 3 s. pres. fófácaib LU 5406 . fofacaib SR 1201 . 3 pl. fofacbad BDD 13 . Pret. and perf. 1 s. fosfácbus, Met. Dinds. i 42.66 . forfacbus ZCP vii 310 § 9 . 3 s. forfaccaib, Mon. Tall. § 47 . forfhagoip Fl. Earls 1.2 (archaic). Pass. s. forfacbad, Arch. iii 225.17 (Hy M). pl. forḟacaibthi SR 1358 .

(3) Subj. and pret. prototonic forms with infixed -ro- are common: pres. subj. 1 s. da farcbur LU 9932 . Past 1 s. (perf.) —farc- bainn, Fianaig. 12 § 21 . 2 sg. cf. fargbhais .i. fágbais , O'Cl. 3 s. cu rofarcuibh , Marco P. 34 . pl. a bfargaibsiot , Leb. Gab. i 14.19 .

(4) The stem fácb— is often replaced by fác— (fág—), both being freq. used side by side: 2 s. imp. fác PH 1987 . past subj. 1 s. co fagainn ZCP vi 55.20 . 3 pl. co ḟactais LB 3b26 . fut. 3 s. —fáicfe, Cáin Ad. 19 . 1 pl. faicfimmít TBC 4159 . 3 s. perf. ra ḟác LL 227b42 . 232b20 ( TTr. 787 ; 1141 ). pl. ro fhacsat , Lism.L. 721 . pass. pres. s. facthair LL 305a11 ( Bor. 123 ). fágthar, TSh. 4637 . fut. pl. faicfiter LL 301b ( Bor. 67 ). fuicfider, Bor. 69 Lec. From fác— is formed the analogical deuterot. stem fo-ác-: perf. 1 pl. forfacsam SR 1485 . fos-racsamar LL 11b46 . 2 pl. foracsabair LU 2397 . 3 pl. foracsat AU 1056 . LL 134a13 . forracsat LL 184b51 . barḟacsat ... baracsat 261b34 , 37 . Similarly on the analogy of farcb- occur forms like: co fargsat SR 6459 . co farcsat , TTr.² 1568 . IGT III § 85 gives: Ind. pres. 1 s. fágbhuim (abs. and conj.). 2 sg. fágbhae (abs. and conj.). 3 s. fágbhaidh, —fáguib, —fágbann. 1 pl. fágmuid (`cóir do chanamhain'). Subj. 1 s. fágbhar (abs. and conj.). imperf. ind. and subj. 1 s. do ḟágbhuinn . fut. 1 s. faeigfed, fóigfed, fūigfed. —fúigeab, —fóigeab, —faeigebh (3 s. fáoigfidh, fúigfidh, Decl. ex. 49 ; —ḟaeigfi III ex. 890 ). Cf. 2 pl. fáicfidi LU 4584 (H ; = faicebthai. TBC 291 , faoigebtha St). 3 pl. fúigfid, TSh. 953 . pass. fúigfidhear (rel.), TSh. 5509 ]. sec. fut. 1 s. —ḟaeigfinn, —ḟúigfinn, —ḟóigfinn. pret.perf. 1 s. —fāgbhas. 2 sg. fág- bhais. 3 s. —fáguibh, —fágbais.

I In general sense leaves (trans.) (a thing, place or person):

(a) gl. linquere Gild. Lor. 16 ; relinquere Wb 31b1 . a rrig foragabsat dia náes their king whom they had left behind them Ml 95a12 . fosrácbus im thaig dim éis, TBFr. § 23 . trēide as dile lem forfacbus ZCP vii 310 § 9 . lucht na luinge foracabsat hi tír A., ZCP viii 313.24 . conafarcbad ar chind Neill so that he was left to await N., Rawl. 81a15 ( = co far- gabad BB 134b40 ). dorat rigan na Saba do S. ... .xx. ar .c. tallann d'ór ... mō ruc cid mor forḟacaib Rawl. 79a45 . forácaib Úsaili i Cill Ú., Trip. 186.21 (2193) . is ann forothaig Cill M., ┐ farácaib díis dia muintir and 94.11 (1049 : faráccaib). da fáccadh duine a ḟual a ngar do thigh, Maund. 217 . fofacbad na heoin a n-enchendcha ` quit (i.e. leave off, dis- card) their birdskins' BDD 13 . Departs from, forsakes , of places: fác an inad atai PH 1987 . faccaibh an mendat attaoi BNnÉ 302.1 . fag an cathair-si coluath ZCP vi 55.1 . fácaib Eocho F. ... | a thír ar tír L. abandoned his country for that of L. xi 109 § 18 . forácsadar in n-innsi, TTr.² 824 . ná farcba a liss that he may not leave his enclosure Ériu iii 104 § 33 . dia mbad fómsa trá cách, ol in druí, no faicfithea in dunadsa innocht LL 254a18 ( TFerbe 111 ). Of persons: i céin mairer nim-fargba CF p. 89.21 ( Gael. Journ. iv 56 ). in duine dia bhfoghnaim-si ... ni fharcabhsa he I may not leave him Lism.L. 184 . ni fuigeabh-sa ... aenduine dá tainic lim BCC § 120 (p. 116) . Leaves remaining: conna facabtais cid mecnu na fér ... hi talam LU 10560 ( CC 1 ). bādur sé semmanda a sleig cech fir ... ┐ no gédais tri semanda as cech sleig ┐ fuicbidis tri semannda in cech sleig, Fianaig. 6y . conidh anbecht ma do ḟacsat mil na duíne RC xviii 11 (Tig.) = conidh as inueachtain foragsat míol n-indile FM 1089 . in t-aentrian fuicfithear and do tṡluagh G. the third that shall be left Ériu iv 180 § 42 . is mar sin fheanntar an t-anam, go nach fágthar subháilce ar bioth ... aige, TSh. 9443 . Leaves behind i.e. outstrips (in a race): ata ben agum ... no fágbed [leg. -ad] na heocho ZCP xii 252.24 . doling M. frisna heochu gur rusfágaib ib. 31 . nir taisdil in domhan ... cú nó fíadh nach fuicfedhsan, Duan. Ḟ. i 56 § 12 .

(b) relinquishes, renounces: ni ḟil ... cathair nar ḟacaib in t-ídaladrad PH 2424 . úair foracsabairsi foromsa ... cach maith since ye have renounced for My sake every good LU 2397 . an tí aidmheóchas ┐ fhúigfeas iad who shall acknow- ledge and renounce them (viz. his sins) TSh. 9054 .

(c) With adj. or equivalent as complement of pred. leaves (in a certain state): o forḟacaibthi gle-nuicht when they were left stark- naked SR 1358 . manibed Moisi ... óenfer díb ... na faicbed beo for talmain 4132 . cía romácbad Beothach béo though B. should leave me alive LU 1262 . ( Im. Br. ii 288 ). fófácaib in trúaill fás leaves the scabbard empty LU 5406 . fáiceb in less n-óibela LL 252a37 ( TBFr. § 28 ). benfaid frim adaircín nosfaiceba fás LB 33b7 ( = Lism.L. 1054 ). forḟacaib B. he ic funi Mairt LB 33b8 = forfacbhudh he ag bruith mairt Lism.L. 1055 . nacham facbaid-si m'oenur! Ériu iii 137.1 . fómraccbhadsa sunn m'áenor BNnÉ 93.6 . foceird-sim ... urcur di sleigh fuirri ... corus farcaib cen anmain RC v 200z . cona farcobsat formáol fornocht so that they left it [the `dún'] bare and naked Dinds. 27 . ni theigdis uad ... co fācbaidis lān, Ériu ii 20 § 1 . fúigfid bandála Gall gruaidh- ḟliuch TD 16.52 . as saidhbhir do fháoicfithea me, damad eol damh ..., Parrth. Anma 332.19 . arna farcabtais cen forcitlaid lest they should be left without a teacher Wb 31d13 . nacham ḟácbasa cen brát[h]air LU 6068 . fotracbad ar fán thou wast left desolate LL 147a5 ( Proc. RIA iii3 546 ). cach tailach ... namúrtis co fáctais ina foenglenntaib LL 263b48 ( MU² 270 ). co fargbaid mo thechsa amal fondran- caibar for bar cind till you leave my house as you found it LU 8387 ( FB 26 ). ni aithergem na duile acht nos-lecam amal fosracaib Dia, Alex. 885 . f.¤ fri láim sets aside, excepts, stipulates: facbaim Concobar fri láim I leave C. aside LU 9217 ( FB 94 ). farācbaisemne fri lāim deitsiu ... nād ṅ-īurmais orguin co feasmais ... BDD 73 Y. Cf. dochta do neoch dáles dāil | fācbas dáil n-éco fri lāimh, Fianaig. 10 § 3 . Cf. foscichret i crandchor ... fáicebthair Lugaid fris anechtair `L. will be left out of the chance' RC xiii 444x .

Folld. by CEN and vn.: foragab Duaid inna anman adiecta cen tabairt anman trén fríu D. left the adjectives without adding substantives to them Ml 30a9 . dia ḟaicet ... gním maith i nduine, fácbait sin cen luad PH 7678 . gunar ḟacsat uaim ... gan tachailt, Cog. 24.18 . is iomdha éacht ... ḟuigfeam ... gan chur síos which we shall leave untold Keat. ii 3237 . Cf. (k).

(d) folld. by LA, OC of pers. leaves with, in the hands of, in possession of; at the mercy of: tíagait úad ... ┐ fácbait bennachtain leiss LU 1547 ( MU² 1057 ). facabar a cuit urgnuma in mifoltaig las in sofoltach, Laws ii 366.11 ( Ir. Law 32 ). ni scarfom ... co rrucsa do chen[n]su nó co farcabsa mo chend latsu LU 5674 . techit ... ┐ fácbait a mbíad oc na bíastaib LU 8763 ( FB 57 ). is e gell ... forácbad icon eclais i fus the pledge that has been left LB 251b3 . co fargaibhset a mbraighti aicce `left their pledges with him' AU 1157 . fágbad frithalam núa acan impiri ┐ imthigid (they) render the emperor fresh service (of a relay of attendants) Maund. 203 . fagbuis aigi budhein an Cam- cornn kept for himself Ériu ii 187.3 ( co fagbais ZCP viii 103.11 ). fagbuit gne chustaim ag doirseoiribh in droichit pay toll to Fl. Earls 86.5 . fūicfidir sinne uile ar fódaib ... no fāicfemait [fúigfiom v.l.] oirechas agat-sa ML² 1572 (cf. ML 118.26 ). Cf. da sirinn a meic no a mna ... dofuic- fedis tes `gom thoigh they would have delivered them up ZCP viii 219 § 9 . cf. (f), (g). leaves (as a duty) to: fofacaib lim ... frithalim na n-anmanna leaves to me (the task of) attendance on the animals SR 1201 . With FO: fágbhaim fá bhreathnughadh gach aonduine I leave it to all to judge TSh. 5002 .

(e) leaves behind (on a battle-field, etc.), loses (of persons and things): maiti for Ultu. Facabar Con- chobar C. is left (wounded) LU 4926 . fáicfidi leis mili cend 4584 . in farcbad mo macsa? ... Forrácbad has my son been slain ? He has 1529 ( MU² 1031 ). fácabar .xx. láech lais díb twenty of their warriors fell by him 1583 . mebaid ... forsint slúag mór ria nDauid | co fargsat ... huili cruid a ṅgabála SR 6459 . maidid for Aibisolón. facabair in milid ZCP xiii 177.13 . tuitfimit-ni uili it lurg, amal ro fácbait do muinter uili connici so, Mer. Uil. 24 . ro memhaidh for Aedh ... co farcaib ili AU 859 . co fargsat a muntir ┐ a longa RC xvii 404 (Tig.; FM 1065 have: fáccbhaitt a nethra lais imon luing ...). co farggabsat ... a llonga leu AU 851 . sluaighed la D. ┐ la feraib M. ... cor lādh ór fer M. ... co facsad a lón ┐ a n-eich ┐ a n-airm RC xviii 37 . romebaid forsna T. ... co farcsat ár mór do degdóinib, TTr.² 1568 . foraccaibhset a n-ār lá mac meic L. eittir marbhadh ┐ bathadh FM ii 964w . go bhfúigfe do cheann ┐ do chosgar ag cathaibh Chuinn ML 122.1 . Cf. ni ḟil cidh oenfer ... natt farcbainn i tinorguin whom I could not leave i.e. vanquish Fianaig. 12 § 21 . trian érca cach éinḟir da muintir da faicfigther `the third part of the eric for every man ... that is killed' Hy Maine 64 . Cf. Maol Seachlainn ... do dhol i ttíribh Mumhan ... ro indir Mumha co muir ... iar madhmaim for a rioghaibh ... co ffarccbadh ann lais Maol Crón ... tanaisi na nDéisi, co sochaidhe ele FM 856 . AU has co fargbadh ann lethri na nDeise, Maol Cron ...

(f) leaves behind (at death): nicon foigebat ciniud ... dia næs Ml 69a8 . facbaid [Ioseph] dá mac SR 3687 . tabairt mnā dó fo déig co farcbad comarba LU 10166 . act a mbere-so ni fuiceba-som di chlaind [sic leg.] save what thou bearest he will leave no offspring ZCP viii 310.19 . ni hairdircc a chlann maro ḟacaib if he left any Rawl. 147a22 . ar na hoighreadhaibh fhágbhaid dá n-éis, TSh. 4577 . Hence bequeathes: fáccab Aed aid- acht la Conchad, Arm. 18b1 ( Thes. ii 242.19 ). seoit aini ro facaib a n-athair acu, Laws i 216.8 Comm. ní ḟágaibh athair ag mac | Inis Ḟódla TD 17.3 . dá bhfágbhadh duine ré hudhacht ni nach leis fein, TSh. 5133 . dá bhfágbhadh ... neach a oighreacht ré hudhacht ag neach oile 5140 .

(g) leaves (instructions, a charge, command, etc.), often with obj. clause: teorae briathra forfaccaib Diarmaid app Iae la C. ... fit foss figell, Mon. Tall. § 47 . faracaib Dia linn co ndigesta God left with us (the knowledge) that thou wouldst go Trip.² 275 . secht cluchi ... issed forḟácaib Patraic, Met. Dinds. iii 16 . faccbaim cen a tidhnacul go brāth do Cloinn C. I leave an ordinance that they are never to be given to the clan of C. Anecd. ii 30z . fāgaim in ces naīdhen for Ultaib co brāth ZCP xii 252y . a los na mallachta do ḟágaibh Noe ag Cam, Keat. i p. 178 . forácaibh [Pátraic] ordnidi lóech ┐ cleirech uad cu bráth promised that illustrious laymen and clerics should descend from him Trip. 210.13 (2464) . forácaib nobeitis ríg ... día cenél co bráth 164.9 (1910 : furácaib). ro fagaib Colman troscud umpi seo C. left an ordinance that they should fast for it BColm. 88.13 . is i gCluain Mic Nóis do ḟágaibh Diar- maid é féin d'adhnacal, Keat. iii 2164 . ro fagaib fo péin a n-anma orra gan techt tairis sin ZCP vi 80.28 . do fácbadh Menistir na mBrathar ... do beth os cind na mBrathar co huilidhi it was decided that the Minister of the Friars ... should be over all the Friars AU iii 526 . do fagcaib doib ... cruth a mban for a maccaib, BColm. 90.18 . fágbhais P. ... eineach is eangnamh Éirionn ... d'ḟágbhálaibh air TD 7.17 (see fácbál). Of a salutation, farewell: ro faccbustair iomchomarc bethadh ag R., BNnÉ 328 § 58 .

? is ed rofacbad do mnai, | is cet cía thái, cet cía théis this is the last word on woman (?) ZCP iii 37.18 . Cf. (j).

(h) fo-ácaib bréithir leaves a word i.e. a blessing, malediction, etc.: forácaib Patraic [br]eithir foraib, Trip. 208.24 (2451) . fácbaid bréithir ... for cléithib na Cráeb-rúaide, a mbeith fo chess `she leaves a word upon ..., that they should be in distress' Met. Dinds. iv 130.1 . forfacaib-seom na m[i]bria- thra-sa doib .i. comdais brēcairi filid Connacht ZCP xiii 25.24 . a los na mbriathar ro fagaibh Mocuda forra BNnÉ 307.1 .

(i) of placing, inflicting: géabhthar air go bhfágthar iomad créacht air he will be beaten till many sores are left on him TSh. 3483 .

(j) leaves (on record), hands down (a statement, etc.): ro ḟagaibh fria blaisect mbāis gur fhír son, Marco P. 1 . do ḟágaibhsiod eólaigh gurab mó do thuit, etc. ML 142.28 . d'fagadar [na harsanta] againne gorab comfada, etc. Ir. Astron. Tr. 134.23 . faguibh aguinn a bunad make known to us Fen. 258.6 . Cf. (g), last cit.

(k) f.¤ immuig leaves out, omits: foracabsom lethchos- mailius [—iusin MS] immuig `he has left out half of the com- parison' Ml 37d10 . Cf. (c).

II Rarely intrans.

(a) is left, remains (prob. in early Mid. Ir. an impers. use of the trans. vb.): connach farcaib i mBrudin i farrad Conaire acht Conall ┐ Sencha ... so that only C. and S. ... were left BDD 152 ( LU 7920 ). is cuit péne cach ra ḟác di ṡluag na Eurpa uli na rachomraic immon oenchomarli seo hardly were there any who were left of the host of Europe that did not join in this council (?) LL 232b20 ( TTr. 1141 ). ? fásughadh Muighe B. la Saxoibh ... ┐ rugsat braigdi iomdha leo as gach ionadh hi farcaibhset `from every place which they left' (? in which they had stayed) FM 683 .

(b) departs, gets away: facbuid-si asin tír-si RC xiv 56 § 69 . ro facsat tra na Troianu as gach gliaid ┐ as gach gabad, Aen. 195 .

1 idu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 idu or dil.ie/27221

Forms: idu, idha, iudha, idhgha, igha, idain, hidhan, idhoin, ídhuin, ídain, idain, idna, iodhana, idhna, idnú, n-idan, n-ighan, n-idnaib, iongnaibh, idan, idha, idha

n n, f. n s. idu, Corm. Y 770. idha sherci, ZCP v 525.13 . iudha, Laws iii 6.6 Comm. idhgha, Rosa Ang. 320.17 . igha, St. Ercuil 115. a s. cen idain , BColm. 10.12 . g s. na hidhan , Rosa Ang. 328.16 . d s. idhoin, Acall. 1203. isin ídhuin , Rosa Ang. 264.13 . n p. ídain (v.l.), Fél. Ep. 387. idain, LL 108b46 . idna, Cóir Anm. 121. iodhana, Thess. v 3. a p. fri idhna , Laws i 300.5 Comm. fri idnú SR 3024. g p. na n-idan , TBFr. 114. na n-ighan , RC vi 176.63 . d p. co n-idnaib , KMMisc. 210.3 . iongnaibh, 23 K 42, 385.11 . g du. na da idan , LU 10733. na dá idha , ZCP v 525.12 . See idha, IGT Decl. § 6. 3 .

(a) a pain, a pang: iduu (leg. idna, Thurneysen) gl. dolorem, Thes. ii 236.21 . idha .i. treghat ... is ed is mesa do mac cuid dogní idna ... `a portion which causes pangs,' O'Dav. 1108. acht nechtar na da idan marbtha duine nád ícat lege .i. idu serci ┐ idu eóit, LU 10733 - 4 . torruma lobur fri hidna mbáis `tending a sick person in the pangs of death' (among things permitted on Sunday), Ériu ii 210.4 . igha gl. prissura (read pressura), Ir. Gl. 244. maircc doní tegh ar múr naoimh | ... do gheibh tra a troimiodha (: fiora), ZCP x 32.12 . marbh mac ríg Muman ... do chneaduibh is d'fuill-idhoin, Acall. 1203. dochuaidh idha adhuathmar eóda isin uasalmnaí sin, St. Ercuil 72. sir-idha gaili `chronic pain of the stomach,' O'Gr. Cat. 194.14. aibhne ós bhruach re n-iodhnaibh uaibh through grief for thee, DDána 110 § 45. barr na ngég uile re n-idnaibh (MSS. ig(h)naibh) (: fidhbaidh), IGT Decl. ex. 225. go raibhe ré n-iodhnaibh lé hiarghnó ┐ lé heólchaire in anguish, TSh. 4028.

Especially the pangs of child-birth, travail: ata ... mo bean fri huaitni ┐ idhnu isin chuilidh, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hdschr. 43.5 . in ben oc lámnad ba gol ... lee la gúri na n-idan, TBFr. 114. a brith ... cen tregaitt, cen idain, BColm. 10.12 . atā ... in maccaillech co n-idnaib. Ropsat idain dīan-báis ám, KMMisc. 210.3 . gabdait idain in mnái mbúain, LL 208b53 . do feacaid ella idan ┐ tairblingis asa carpad ┐ arsisbis mac, YBL 180b20 . mairg mathair dorad m'idhna `woe to the mother that bore me,' CF 97. agair bheith re n-iodhnaibh air | 'sa bhreith i n-iomdhaidh asail `plead thy travail,' Dán Dé vi 15. uisge ionnluid do leag lóghmhur | bean re n-iodnuibh ḟóireas, IGT Decl. ex. 463.

(b) the name of a disease, rheumatism, arthritis, dropsy: idu ab idor [ὕδωρ] graece, hoc est a liquore .i. ōn fliuchaid- echt donī a ngalar sin, Corm. Y 770. gallra bunuig ... odbach ocus adbuch ocus iudha fothuch, Laws iii 6.6 Comm. na galair buna ... eachmaigh ┐ echigha ┐ fothach, ... do eachaib, O'C. 1103 (< H 3. 18, p. 447a ). ruadh ┐ iudha do dainibh daora, ... ┐ idhu do na huile enuibh, ib. isin eslainti fuar ┐ isin ídhuin fuar `in cold gout,' Rosa Ang. 264.13 . is uime aderur sietica ria .i. loin-idhga `hip cramp,' 318.12 . artetica .i. teindes cenguil na mball ┐ aderit na tuatada idhgha risin eslainti so, 3 .

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