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1 ailid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ailid or dil.ie/1016
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: oilid, -ail, ailes, ailit, -alad, ailde, -alar, -aile, rod-alad, no-n-almais, -ebla, -eabla, -eblae, -ai, -ebela, -eblaba, ebeltar, ailebthair, ailf-, -ebelad, -ebalta, ebelta, ron-ailt-siu, romm-alt sa, alta, rodotaltammar, rosn-altadar, alta, alte, altae, ebail, eblatar, eblad, altai, altram, ailemain, oilemuin

v also oilid. Indic. pres. 3 s. -ail, Wb. 5b28 . rel. ailes, Laws ii 184.15 . 3 pl. ailit, Laws v 198.8 Comm. -alad, Marco P. 183 rel. ailde, 202.2 . Pass. sg. -alar, ZCP xiv 347.z . Subj. pres. 3 s. -aile, Laws ii 178.2 . Subj. impf. 3 s. rel. rod-alad, Blathm. 100 § 32 . 1 pl. no-n-almais, Ml. 104d0 . Fut. stem -ebla ( GOI § 649 ; see further Hull, ZCP xxix 173-4). 3 s. -eabla, Laws v 200.20 and n.4 . -eblae, -ai, IT i 141.18 . -ebela, LU 10627 . -eblaba, ZCP v 503.19 . Pass. sg. ebeltar ( ébéltair, LU 5026 ), TBC-I¹ 537 . Later ailebthair, IT i 71.6 . Also ailf-, exx. below. Condit. 3 s. -ebelad, LU 10614 . Pass. sg. -ebalta, BB 397a16 = ebelta, Dinds. 142 ( RC xvi 154 ). Pret. and perf. 2 s. ron-ailt-siu, Blathm. 722 . 3 s. romm-alt sa, Ml. 45c3 . alta-si dano na dá mac 'she reared the two sons', Sex Aet. 87 § 51 (pass. for active). 1 pl. rodotaltammar, ZCP viii 313.4 . 3 pl. rosn-altadar, BDD² 106 . Pass. sg. alta, TBC-I¹ 366 . alte, ZCP viii 311.17 . rel. altae, LU 10602 . With infl. of fut. stem 3 s. rom ebail , LU 10285 . 3 pl. rott eblatar , LU 10284 . Pass. sg. rom eblad , 10278 . Later with s-pret., exx. infra. Cf. roaltsat, O'Curry 127 ( H 3.18, 76 ).

Part. ailte (q.v.), O'Curry 57 ( H 3.18, 20 -1). Pl. altai, Ml. 121c10 .

Vn. altram, later ailemain, oilemuin. IGT Verbs § 73 .

Nourishes, rears, fosters: sund rom altsa . . . atrebom sund, LU 4400 . rom ebail Sencha sobérlaid conidam trén, 10285 . is messe nod n-ailfea, 10627 . ro mbaist ┐ ro n-ail ┐ ro forcan, 256 . ? cia dé delbas faebru. a ndind ailsiu (.i. a ndind itú). cáinté im gaí cainte gaithe, LL 1569 = cia dia dealbus faebra andiond. indiond ailes cainte, Leb. Gab.(i) 266.4 . ní halar o marbcru, Laws i 140.30 Comm. don re ronailestar, ii 186.4 Comm. ma ro ail co aes diailtri . . . manar oil, iii 504.11 Comm. nosnaltatar for feolaib maccoem mbec they fed her on . . ., Ériu iii 138.2 . dlomais . . . a muime fri F. ┐ adbert nad ebalta lee he for lacht, BB 397a17 (= Dinds. 142 ). berthair lim-sa ind ingen . . . ┐ ailebthair (ailibthar, ailfithir v.l.) dom réir fein, IT i 71.6 (L. mac nU.). a incaib caich nodeail, BCrólige 7 . is dilus uaithe di eagluis notnail, Laws iii 70.24 Comm. is mé ro-ailisiu, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 43.25 . ro lesaiges ┐ ro-s-ailius intí N. co lathí a bais, PH 1529 . Gailéoin roalsat Labraid for a loinges, Dinds. 9 (RC xv 299). is mairg ailter cen riagail, ACL iii 215 § 3 . a foghluim óirdhirc a n-oiltí Francuigh, Mac Aingil 6292 . mad ingena nos-berat non-alad fri druine ┐ gresa, Marco P. 183 . an chíoch ar ar oil an ógh / oidhre Dé, Dán Dé xvii 29 . 'na iomdhaidh rod-aileasdar, i 9 . ní ro oil in t-áirdrí in esláinte sin did not nurse (i.e. pay attention to) that illness, Caithr. Thoirdh. 58.10 . Note also: in e a macc oilfaigther na huile si filium eius nutrierunt multi, Trip.² p. 61 n. 1120-23 . Of rearing animals: is hé ro-alt muicc Meic Dathó, Sc.M² 23 . ebeltar cuilēn din chūain cétna leamsa duit, TBC-I¹ 537 . aidhid frisi-n-alar (of a calf), ZCP xiv 347.z . cuilen con ro h-ailed lais, MR 8.2 .

ailithre

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ailithre or dil.ie/1032

Forms: oilirthi, eilithre, oilrithi, oilithre, oirithli

n , f. (ailithir). Also oilirthi, eilithre, oilrithi. oilithre ( oirithli .l.) f., IGT Decl. § 3 . pilgrimage: in eilithri `in pilgrimage', Ml. 137b7 . d'adamraib set na-da-gaibet . . . a n-a.¤ , Laws v 406.22 . a.¤ ┐ ni do gres acht fri re mbec do pendait nama, i 196.6 Comm. ar lar Ia na a.¤ , Rawl. 163a23 . é ag triall oilithri do'n domhan mhór, Ériu i 98.3 . do lucht na hailitrí, Rosa Angl. 62.y . dorinde se oilirthi inmolta in domun (sic) co cathraigh Iarusalem, ZCP vi 85 § 37 . gleann na ndéar . . . is crádh liom m'oilithre ann, DDána 45.3 . téit (or other vb. of motion) IN-, DO, a.¤ goes on pilgrimage: ar digail tairmthechta rechta Dæ luid in ailithri, Ml. 74b5 . fear ro scara frisin domun .i. teit i n-a.¤ , Laws v 234.z Comm. fir . . . consla i nailithri, i 298.20 Comm. dodeochad im ailithri, LU 1839 . dochóid dia ailithri do Róim, Ériu ii 202 § 20 . tánic dia ailithri, LU 2785 . ag dula da n-oilrithi, RC xiv 38 § 34 . do roichet sunn sochaide / dá noilithre ar Dhia, SG 153.24 . As quasi-vn.: ac oilithre ar fud in domain mōir `wandering', ZCP iii 32.37 . Of the retirement of a person to a monastery (see also under bachall): cor' cuirset Cormac i lLes Mór a noilithri, RC xviii 49.25 (Tig.). Derbail . . . do éc a n-ailithri a Cluain maic Nóis, 272.18 . D. . . . d'iontogha ó'n tsaoghal go Corcaigh i n-oilithre, Ériu i 103 § 67 . fogebthai oilithri ┐ áigidhecht sunn entertainment given to pilgrims(?), RC xxvi 160.23 .

aimnirt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aimnirt or dil.ie/1135

adj [i?] (nert) weak, feeble: amnirt indiu mac Senbath, LU 1249 . nirb' amnirt aicned dond ríg, Ériu ix 45 § 7 . baidhidh cach mbec nétruim nai[m]nirt, Laws iv 356.12 Comm. is áimnert ┐ is imecal in cholann, PH 3055 . bí umal do'n aos aimhnirt, O'Gr. Cat. 485.y . As adv. co hanbhann amhneirt, CCath. 2205 .

airecal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airecal or dil.ie/1892

Forms: aracol

n o, [n.] (oraculum, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 206 ). Also aracol. The original(?) meaning oratory (perhaps to be inferred from the derivative airiuclán) seems to appear only in nn.loc., e.g. prinnceps ind airecuil Dociaroc, AU i 296.11 . Cellach . . . princeps ind airicuil Dosenchiarocc, 340.6 . A.¤ Adhamhnain, Reeves Ad. lxiv . Daciaroc Sanctus Aracuil .i. Cell, CS 134z . See also Hog. Onom.

Chamber, private apartment: is amlaid . . . doroimsi P. in fertai .i. secht fichit traiged isind lis ┐ secht traiged fichet isin tig mór ┐ secht traiged déacc isin chúili ┐ secht traigid isind aregal, Trip.² 2807 . dochum ind arucuil, S Cano 99 . rucad ind rīg i n-a.¤ codultae ┐ rofolmaiged in tech mōr, MacCongl. 128.12 . tenecol nach traighedhdubh / airegar i nairegal, IT iii 89 § 110 . ircha .i. cuiltech no a.¤ no tech in bidh, O'Dav. 1107 . fod a airecail .i. tech a bhidh, O'Curry 1265 ( H 3.18, 512 ). na hocairigh . . . da traigh dec fod a [n-]aracail, 324 ( H 3.18, 179a ). baí airecol amrae hi toíb thaige na lánamnae, LU 11023 . con lotar issin less. tíagait isin n-arecol n-amrae and, 11042 . atá i n-airicul fo leith, 3374 . ( SCC § 16 ). issind arucol mac n-Æda Slane, Anecd. i 3.7 ( S Cano 50 ). oentech mbec . . . .i. arocul becc deroil . . . is arocul oiged inso, Todd Lect. vi 42.2 , 4 . gach laech laa setigh . . . ina n-araglaib badēsin, Marco P. 183 . ro ionnsaighsiot an taireccal i mbaoí A., AFM v 1872.24 . fuair siumh aireccal deirrit d'A. `procured a private apartment for A.', vi 1922.5 . ruccadh iad i n-aireccal uaigneach, 19 . dorala don rīguin . . . dul a n-orecul uáignis dia fholcud, ZCP xiii 201.16 . bearthar i dTeamhraigh isteach / an rí i n-aireagal uaigneach, DDána 71.16 . a huamaib ┐ a haircelaib in tshlebi sin, Aen. 142 . asa n-uamaib ┐ asa n-aircelaib (of winds), 219 .

airthríall

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airthríall or dil.ie/2448
Last Revised: 2013

n (tríall)

(a) act of setting out; journey, voyage: in t-airthriall ro airthossaiged and (i.e. the Argonautic expedition), LL 219a31 ( TTr. 159 ). urthriall go h-Easpáin, ML 70.24 . dia mboí . . .acc urthriall an tslóighidh `setting out on the expedition', AFM ii 622.9 . acc faichill an uirtrialla do róine fo dheóidh `to prepare for his final march', vi 2124.8 erthriall na síne samhratha chucca `the summer weather approaching', Hugh Roe 38.10 (fo. 10b) . o ro clos lá R. an t-ertriall sin, AFM vi 2330.6 . ro haisneidheadh do Sir O. an t-ertriall do róine R., 2330.21 .

(b) act of undertaking; attempt, effort: fri airtriall catha, TBC-LL¹ 5674 . oc urtriall chatha fri P., Alex. 760 . tuaircnech na ṅgoband . . . ic airthriall na tairngi testing (?) LL 218b46 ( TTr. 133 ). acc uirtriall armála, AFM vi 2002.25 . na h-airrdena tindscedail techid ┐ urtrialla imgabala trying to evade, MR 232.18 . urtrialla in popuil endeavours (?), CCath. 1110 . an t-ertriall do rinnscain Ó Domhnaill `O'D.'s undertaking', Hugh Roe 60.19 (fo. 16b) . amal nefnígtir airthrialla mac ṁbec , LL 234a45 (`endeavours', TTr. 1287 ).

ar-tá

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-tá or dil.ie/4326
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: airbaid

v (the forms found are consistent with those given under attá). Very freq. with inf. pron. in dat. sense. Vn. airbaid?

(a) In physical sense is before, is in front of, is present: slúagad n-ímdub arubtha, LU 4665 ( TBC-I¹ 202 ). gia rasfacaib Cú gan chess / arthá (uair fil v.l. Stowe) crú ma chaladchness blood is present(?), TBC-LL¹ 791 . ? ba gen ┐ fáilte arbíth ar medón ar imtholtain in dá mac there was laughter and joy, TBFr. 114 (sic MS.). ? doadbadar híc nád roscribad do suidib cedacht etarrobe (et arrobe, Sarauw, see note in Thes.) scribent doiib `yet it contained a teaching to them' (i.e. there was in the epistle to the Colossians a message to the Laodiceans), Wb. 27d13 . adbul físi armothá is before my eyes, LL 208a10 . dā rīg trīchat—ardomthā `thirty-two kings there have been—it lies before me' (i.e. the author had a regnal list before him), Celtica v 214 § 9 . forba Eogain ardomtha is in my exemplar ? (? remains to be accounted for, see (e) below), Fen. 314.5 .

(b) is at the head of, excels, surpasses: lan ndire i sét arabi setaib, Laws i 274.3 Comm. Cf. arabí .i. is ferr, ut est [sét] arabi sétuib .i. sét is ferr fhir bís dona sétuibh, O'Dav. 106 . dona bo eiruchuib arabi bo eruchu, Laws ii 152.18 Comm. bo eire arabi bo eire, 21 Comm. asrenar cip dond doberar la rig no rechtaire rig arabi tuath (sic) who is foremost in the territory, iii 240.23 . torc arabí treut `the boar that is the best of the herd', O'Dav. 701 .

(c) is in store for, impends: hóre aruntáa uili techt ar cenn Crist do mess fornn, Wb. 25d25 . arabitis gl. quae instabant, Ml. 43d15 . doadbanar dō annī aradmbí, Corm. Y 756 . ardotraib bennacht cobrath, Rawl. 161a50 . ōen aratha `one thing awaits', Cáin Ad. 21 . níbu shirsan duit . . . aní ardottá; ardottá mór n-imnid, TBFr. 371 . arottá so ollgábad, Comp. CC 57 § 79 (but see Celtica xxi 202 ). arubta amser bas trom, ZCP viii 315.8 . bid trom dīgal aratha / in slān fallach nād ruicc heavy will be the punishment in store for the laggard who arrives not, vii 310 § 5 . arumthá echtre dia tig, Imr. Brain 49 . cid arunta? what is before us? ZCP viii 312.28 . is mōr ar[a]thā (arathá v.l.) / thoitimm la echtranda many are doomed to fall, ZCP xiii 379.6 . is tuilled péine ros ta and, IT i 181.21 (leg. arosta, Vendryes, RC xxxiv 451 ). andsa piana ardom-thaat, Ériu ii 122 § 61 . ni theseba do slondu[d]-su don tīr-se: issed ōn aratā, Dinds. 127 ( RC xvi 80 ). gébas Ailech armothá i rré ar bia `in the time to come', Arch. Hib. ii 50 § 34 . asbert iarom Scathach . . . aní aridboí dia forciund S. told him what destiny was in store for him, LU 10347 . rofitir ní aridmbái he knew what was in store for him, ZCP iii 44 § 22 . meth a gníma itir ní do dicet ┐ ni arabi for nech ar id serba, etc., O'D. 975 ( H 3.17, 679 d). olc sén uare ar dotbí, Mór M. 267 § 11 .

(d) With DE results from: cech rí nad choisc a maccu / issed arbí de taccu, LL 19141 . rofitir inní arbíad de, Trip.² 539 .

(e) remains over: ished inso arathá gl. reliquum est, Wb. 10b3 . ished arthá inso búaid et indocbál domsa gl. in reliquo possita est mihi corona iustitiae, 30d13 . artáa gl. (o mihi sola mei) súper (Astyanactis imago), Sg. 215b4 . restat .i. arta, Thes. ii 44.4 . a lleth n-aile arata the other half which remains, Lib. Hymn. 32.16 . is and gébthair aní arathá the remainder, Trip.² 2892 . sescach Illaind aratha / Eas nGabra ni imrega I.'s stock, which survive (him?), will not, etc., Anecd. i 13.11 ( SCano 423 ). a mbec arathá din dom saegulsa `though little of my life remains to me', RC iii 179.9 ( LL 13991 ). is miach di cach(a) mis ara-bi co ceand mbliadna for every month that remains, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 56 § 28 .

(f) In follg. ar-tá with inf. pron. is perh. to be translated has, is wearing, etc.: ardomthā cugat cōeca scīath bana, ZCP xiii 175.20 . dornasc d'ór aromthá, LU 3977 ( SCC 45 ). is si caindell ardustá, 3688 (ib. 33 ). ní fess adbar (sic leg. , Corr.) ardosfail what they are made of (the material they have?), Metr. Dinds. iii 130.40 . in tṡlabrad gel ardusbái (sic leg., Corr.), 122.44 . ingnadh adbul asromtha (sic) / for mu chraidhi fo cerdba, Ériu ii 95 § 2 .

See arafia.

báidid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. báidid or dil.ie/5172

Forms: bádaid, báithid, báthaid, bádud

v also bádaid, báithid, báthaid. Trans.

(a) submerges, drowns; sinks, wrecks: co nu badaitis gl. mergerentur, Ml. 96c14 . nachat baidh rian romhra `did not drown them', Blathm. 68. as he tuargaibh toind do tracht / go mbaidi benna borrbharc, 228 . conid hi in tress tond bades naues , Thes. ii 352.36 (Hy. vi Comm.). ba sūaill co rroibdithe in curach cona lucht were almost swamped, Corm. Y p. 92.5 (= corrabdithe, ix 26; nach baiti, xv 5). báidfitir noo ships will be sunk, Eg. 1782, 43a (cited Contribb. 161 ). ro bateá iar sin ┐ atbathatár di gortai they were shipwrecked, LU 1279 (H). ro báided . . . isind abaind, 8926 (H, FB 69 ) (cf. rí báiter for srothuib, Laws i 204.21 Comm. is furri robáidhedh (of a river), Cóir Anm. 255. bátir Fráech F. is submerged (in fight), LU 5231. sruth do aill, . . . baidhidh cac mbec nétruim (sic), Laws iv 356.11 . cia robdait[h]er indib whatever may have been drowned in them (ditches), Coibnes 13 . cia robdaid if they drown someone, Laws iv 140.27 Comm. conid bádud ra bádit that they were in fact drowned, LL 31910 ( TTr. 1097 ). Cf. LL 36369. dia mbaidfider bith, 13871 (rhet.). do bháidh muir gach duine dhíobh, DDána 3.39 .

(b) extinguishes, quenches: ní baithfidther [in tene] co bráth = nunquam extinquetur (sic), Lat. Lives 5.12 . nī bāiter mo ṡechtchaindel!, Misc. Hib. 20 § 3. do bhāidh sí solus na n-uili leg lōgmar ele, ZCP xiii 181.6 . tre nert daíne robaidhedh (of a fire), RC xviii 170.26 (Tig.). gur escainset iat ┐ gur báthset a cainnli excommunicated them, O'Gr. Cat. 5.26. do báidh Macamétus connle an duine do íbad fín, Maund. 61. baidid tart, Celtica ii 71.59 . Fig. do báidheadh grís ar ngoimhe, Studies 1921, 589 § 5 .

(c) destroys, overwhelms, obliterates, suppresses: na báid . . ./ cenn n-erbága nIsrahél, SR 6011. rodasbádi (sic Corr., Academy xxiv 31) plág dibaid, 5279 . bádfid a maith a n-olc isind ló [brátha] sin, LU 2169. Cf. ZCP iii 227.6 . ronbris ronbrúi, ronbaid, / . . . / rongeilt in gaeth, O'Mulc. 830g . rosbáidi bás `death o'erwhelmed her', Metr. Dinds. iii 48.14 . rombáid i tig Clettig crúaid / cnáim ind iáich, MacCarthy 206 § 6 . ro baighit na bidhbhanais enmities were quenched, MR 100.8 . ētrad nī rom-bāde, ZCP vi 260 § 11. ni baití en litir and would not be obliterated, BCC 434.21 (394) . ná báidh . . . ar gcomhramha, Content. vii 2. bochtacht antoisgtheach . . . bháidheas i n-ainfhiachaibh . . . é, TSh. 5427. réadla bhisigh nár báthadh `a star of increase which was not eclipsed', Éigse v 234 § 12.

(d) elides (a vowel), merges, makes to disappear (of consonants in compounds, etc.): iss ed ropad chert and acht uath baidhius in fern, Auraic. 4342. Cf. co nd-aurba huath .i. conasfirbade uath, 1203 . an connsuine bháithtear do gháoidheilg do dhénamh d'ogham san chomhfhocal (a metrical fault), IGT Introd. § 2 (2.36) . ni bhaitheand consain in guthaighi, Metr. Faults § 137.

(e) Of alienating property: ro baith Cathal . . . a cuitid thoisig . . . do Dia, SGS v 54.8 . Domnall . . . ro baith na hule edbarta ro (read ri, ed.) Drostan, 7 . See p. 62 n.3 , 4 .

(f) Intrans. is drowned, is destroyed, becomes extinguished: cia baidit cenna ni baidit mbruighe .i. cia marbh na comarba mairit na tíre, O'D. 550 (H. 3.17, 437). amal turcbas tene focetoir ┐ báidid co prap doridisi, PH 2408. glóir an bhaile mar do bháidh how the glory of the place (sc. Tara) has vanished, DDána 105.12 . báidhidh [an lampa] uáidh féin, Maund. 70.

Vn. bádud.

becán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. becán or dil.ie/5517

Forms: becain

n o, m. (bec) IGT Decl. § 35.

(a) a little, small quantity: b.¤ gl. pauxillum, Sg. 14a12 . Études Celt. xi 110. gl. paululus, 48a3 . ar na hernigther mar i mbec , Laws v 476.28 glossed: moran i bail i ndlegar becan, 478.31 Comm. dobeir begán dobeir mórán / is dobeir in fichid marg, SG 287.1 . tucc Dīa sonus for beccān bíd, BColm. 60.16 . morán . . . beagán, 2 Cor. viii 15. so cenn begain aimsiri `in a short while', Stair Erc. 258. begcan dergci innti, Maund. 71. begān glōir do budh mōr neimh a small voice (lit. a little of a voice), ZCP viii 223.6 . le beagán do shásadh, DDána 20.26 . beccán becc íarna thionntúdh = a little after, RSClára 16a . began ┐ én mhile amhain `a little more than one mile only', Mart. Don. May 20. a few, a small number: in becan sa dib these few of them (at end of list), LU 2486 ( RC iv 256 § 25 ). in becan ro batar those few, Cog. 176.29 . cenmotha in beccan Cristaige, LB 154a 33 . tāinic Eōgan begān soc[h]raidi `with a few' (Gloss.), ML² 407. becān do maithib a muinntire, 921 . Eoin Bruinne is a bheagán ban, Dán Dé xx 37 . gluaissit begān buidhne `proceeded with a small company', Fl. Earls 20.10 . lé begán briathar `in a few words', AFM v 1716.10 . As adv. a little, slightly: fri Dísiurt Lóchait antúaid bican ( bicon, TBC-I¹ 772 ), LU 5249. codail begán begán beg, Duan. F. i 84.1 . iníslighid begān, RSClára 105a . In phr. do b.¤ : in mac taisigh rob ferr do bí i nErinn do beagan that was no doubt the best, AU ii 550.9 . na biadha ┐ na deocha as measa do bheagan (= parum deterior potus aut cibus), 23 K 42 , 22.7 .

(b) little one, child; humble, lowly one: indat blaithe beccain (: Breccáin) `little ones', Fél.² Sept. 4 . becain .i. humiles , cxl . Note also: obsa becan (? of a horse) a little fellow (?), IT iii 68.1 .

1 búaile

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 búaile or dil.ie/7236

Forms: buailtibh, bailti

n f. (see Vendryes, De Hibernicis Vocabulis 118 . Perh. ext. applic. of 2 b.). Freq. with dental inflection

(a) cow-house, byre; cattle-pen; (temporary) cattlefold, booley at times of summer pasturage: buaile gl. vaccaria, Ir. Gl. 174. buaile dam gl. bostar, 1044 . dáistir immon mboin . . . isin mbuaile, Trip.² 155. co bualid in oendorais, LL 28758. talgud do ceathra i mbuailaig do ceile (involves liability for compensation), Laws v 466.1 , glossed: do ithe in feoir .i. diguin buailed gemreta `to eat the preserved grass of a winter booley', 468.5 Comm. isin buailidh galair . . . i mbuaili g. an infected cowshed or booley, O'D. 2384 ( Rawl. 506, 47a) . i mbuaille bedgaid, Laws v 140.8 Comm. d'innsaigidh a llías ┐ a lánbúailtedh, RC xxvii 260 § 1. ba nád buailte `nor boolies' BNnÉ 151.3 . ní do chreic[h] bó ná búailead `not to raid . . . cattle-folds', Ir. Review 1912, 250 § 12 .

Possession of a b.¤ gave a certain legal status or qualification: .9. fir deg aga mbia buailti ar son na ngradh flatha (as witnesses), O'Curry 285 (H. 3.18, 157). sloinntech oirrig no taisig ag nach bia ach buaile, 287 (H. 3.18, 158). leath do biatachaib ┐ leath dfearaibh buailteadh, 286 (H. 3.18, 158).

Fig. is búale rantor co rían / is cúane n-ardchon is án (cemetery of Brug na Bóinne), LU 4203 ( Metr. Dinds. ii 16.15 ). a buaili biast (to the body), PH 8255. a mbuailie bais `in the stall of death', RC xii 98 § 131. i mbuailibh bais, CCath. 6023. buaile long Mhic í Mháille ` dockyard ', RC xlix 169 § 7.

Note also: bebsat buale febra fáebra (rhet. `cow-droves', CRR 6 ), LL 22728. cúicc buailte décc bó . . . i ccreich `fifteen herds of cattle', AFM iv 1134.16 . (of battalions) go bhfacadar . . . na buailtibh (a p.) bir-ghéara bodhbha ` pens, folds ' (note 2), CRR 19.

(b) yard, enclosure; paddock: i n-eatarfhásach na búailedh `of the milking yard', BS 142.20 . colladh ina buailidh brú (`on the fringe of his (lord's) enclosure', Celtica vi 225 § 73 ), Ériu xiii 20.3 , cf. O'Dav. 219. lis ┐ buailidh ┐ faithce, Laws ii 50.23 Comm. i mbuaile fo iadhu `in an enclosure', iv 96.24 . céd bó ro theand buaili ac brugaid `which crowded a farmer's paddock', Leb. Cert.² 168.

(c) In extended applications: ? do dhéantar . . . trí buailte . . . ar an magh-sa (buaile `a palisade ', ed.), ML 78.11 = bailti, ML² 1099. mar bís bradan i m-buailid `in a weir', MR 232.14 . it lúaithidir roth mb.¤ mill-wheel (driven by the water) of a weir (?) (see Gloss. s.v. roth), BDD² 1216. rothán mbuaileth, 1151 (cf. ZCP i 98 f .). búale . . . di scíathaib, LL 31424 ` fence ', TTr. 609. buale di chollaib, 32299 ( TTr. 1487 ). da n-o pill for buailidh bhar mbertha `over the pen of your shaving' (line ?), ITS v 112.24 .

In nn. loc. Buaile Pátraic . . . .i. fert mbec co crois and, Trip.² 1599. See Hog. Onom.

bun(n)sach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bun(n)sach or dil.ie/7464

Forms: bon(n)sach, bunsaig, bonnsach

n ā, f. (`seems founded on Icel. vöndr, Eng. wand', Stokes, Eg. Gl. p. 179. ). Later bon(n)sach. rod, stick, staff: dá bunsaig . . . bunsaig (a s.) co rrúsc dub . . . bunsaig snaisi gil . . . na bunsacha a stick with black bark . . . one pared down to the white, LU 1734 ff . (ICM). feib bith bundsacha tria curcais (of spears in warrior's body), BB 437b30 . bunnsacha breacca `rods', Celtica iv 10.62 ( Gen. xxx 37 ). do bhein chasnaighe do bhun bonnsaighe ` wattle ', AFM iv 900.13 . bunnsach no ech-lasc switch gl. luitheach laime (sic leg.), Laws v 484.17 Comm. Perh. also in: tres bundsach gl. i fubtud cach omnaig, Laws i 178.1 Comm. im chumluth ngus candail (leg. nguscandail ?) .i. tres bundsach, O'D. 79 (H. 3.17, 68).

In Laws Comm. in phr. b.¤ chomairce `a rod of safe conduct, given to ollavs to ensure their safe passage through different territories,' Plummer MS. notes. ollum .i. . . . is oll in ni didnes a bundsach comairci dar na tuataibh, v 28.14 , see 30.10 , 14 . is a comgrádh dlighis cach . . . do gabail for a comairce, ┐ curab co nuiriasacht ┐ toircsin cirt, muna[b] bunnsach coimirce, O'Curry 2626 ( Eg. 88, 53 ( 54c )). is[í] in bunnsach comairce, .i. comairce gin biatha ┐ gin uiriasacht, 2627 (ibid.). bundsach comairce tar na tuatha gin uiriasacht . . . gin tomhailt mbidh, gin taircsin dlighe, 2628 (ibid.). dá cét isin bunnsaigh [comairce] cen eiriasacht, cen egairdeis, O'D. 979 (H. 3.17, 778). Cf. teora bunsacha uasaib hi fraig (of poets), LU 7665 ( BDD 124 ).

Freq. toy or boy's spear or javelin as oppd. to weapons used by adults: urcor flescaig, is eiside macc bundsaige ` spear-youth ', Laws iv 138.16 . mac bondsaide . . . .i. mac dana indenma bonnsach isin aeis sin, O'Curry 241 (H. 3.18, 135) = 559 (277). Perh. also: in bunnsach i nairecht. Masa cinnte leis co roisi tairsib is fiach fian cluithi, O'Curry 2381 ( Eg. 88, 29b ) ( Celtica viii 150 ). a scíath slissen laiss ┐ a bunsach (youthful Cú Chulaind), LU 4868. focherded a bunsach ríam, 4869 . focheird a bunsaig rout n-aurchora úad, LL 33139 ( Fraech 47 ). nabad scarad mac ṁbec im bunsachaib baísi that it would be no child's-play, LL 32783 ( TTr. 1995 ). cor cluiche nó bunnsaige (forbidden on Sunday), Ériu ii 206 § 25. do thréig bonnsacha bláithe / ar ruaidhshleaghaibh rionnáithe, DDána 105.3 . birán bunsaigi baisi oppd. to airm croda chura[da], TTebe 3213 . ag lámhach bonnsach (in list of youthful games), TSh. 524. Note also: bonnsach `a Dart Javelin ', Eg. Gl. 88. do chaith Saul an bhunnsach, 1 Sam. xviii 11. nochan fuaratur bir na bundsach isin tsligid-sin met with no opposition at all, Ann. Conn. 1225.12 .

Other applications: for bunnsachaib na gréne = radiis (Gloss.), Lat. Lives 82.x = for[s]na goa greine, Vita Br. 54. ic buadnaisi a bunnsachaib a briathar `to threaten with the scourges of his words', MR 168.5 . dá bhonnsaigh `two spindle- shanks', Ó Bruad. i 76.z .

cétluth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cétluth or dil.ie/8940

Forms: -ud, -úd

n (2 cét- + lúth. See Stokes, KZ xli 382 . Also -ud, -úd) sexual activity, wantonness, cohabiting : bǽs cēdluda, ZCP iii 25.6 . forroimled mo chētluth, Otia i 125 `my wantonness has been used up', Lament 17 . bith icétlud / . . . foainétgud (David and Michal, 1 Sam. xix 13 ), SR 5979 . dofitir si in cetlud (Medb, Ailill), ZCP i 104.15 . in ingen gid cáem a cruth / nochos tibrea re c.¤ , LL 10479 (TBC). Cf. cetsoman .i. cetsámsin .i. cétlúd síne samraid, Corm. 11 (Y 290).

In wider sense state or act of being a bedfellow, boon companion, esp. to a king (see lepaid ); alliance (with), proximity (to): cetlad do fri ríg, Trip.² 2473 i.e. `to be the king's fer leptha', Plummer MS notes. rí Ulad . . . hi cētlud rīg Fochla, ZCP viii 108.6 ( Ériu v 232.25 ). rī Caisil . . . / rī Laigen . . . / hi cētlud fri suidhe, 4 . cétlath fri ríg Cassil, LL 293a3 . c.¤ fri cách, 344b40 . ? ní ro lensat do mícomhull na [do] cédludh a ceneóil Grecdha, CCath. 1647 . Cf. cédla .i. míchomhall, ut est Tecosc Righ, cédla fri cách. Ocus mar adeir sa Chath Chatharrda: ni ro leachtat (leg. lensat) do mhícomall no chédla, Ériu xiii 67 § 72 . ceadluth .i. tosach no míochomhall, .i. cédluthgháire, O'Cl.

In chevilles: cen ch.¤ ṅgle (: chetchruth), SR 163 . fri cetlud ṅglan, 7287 . Cf. 2 cétlach.

Various: co cétlodaib salm slechta (: étgodaib), SR 6871 (deriv. of cétal, Plummer MS notes). Cf. cetlud frislighi, IT iii 63 § 128 (name of a metre, see p. 119. cetal, §§ 125 - 6 ). gé thís uaim aniu co mblad / is cetlud duit ceilebrad, Acall. 3882 = SG 180.2 `a matter of rejoicing', cf. O'Cl. cited above. .x. mbuair mbecfolad no mbec-alma batar cetlud (sic leg.) `rejoicing', Ériu ii 4.11 and p. 8 . ? nert cet cedluid cechtar a da righid, RC xiii 29.28 . See also RC xiv 452.4 .

cosc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cosc or dil.ie/12582
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: coisg, cosg, casg, choisge

o, n. vn. of con-secha. n s. coisg (leg. cosg?), Content. xxiv 20 . cosg casg m., IGT Decl. § 96 . Verbs § 75 . g s. choisge, IGT Decl. ex. 1216 .

(a) act of reproving, admonishing, correcting; reproof, correction. Also in sense of physically punishing, chastising; punishment, chastisement (see Bergin, Ériu xvii 1 - 3 ): c.¤ a coasc, Corm. Y 255 . cusc .i. tecosc, Lec. Gl. 58 . coscc tegusg tenn, Metr. Gl. D. 33 . c.¤ .i. tegosc, Lec. Gl. 31 . O'Cl. cotob sechfider dichosscc gl. in uirga ueniam ad uos, Wb. 9a23 (see Ériu xvii 1 - 3 , Stud. Celt. ii 91 ). diar c.¤-ni gl. ad correptionem nostram, 11a31 . doch.¤ cáich gl. quid igitur lex? Propter transgressiones possita est, 19c9 . isc.¤ et cuindrech forcechtarde gl. quanto tempore heres paruulus est, nihil defert a seruo, 19c21 . c.¤ innamban, 22c10 . na bad naimtide ac.¤ gl. nolite quasi inimicum existimare, 26b28 . trech.¤ conacarbi cenchinta gl. nolite ad indignationem prouocare filios, 27c6 (see Ériu xvii 2 ). c.¤ innacoimded gl. domini, quos iustum est . . . seruis praestáte, 27c16 . c.¤ innammoge inso sis gl. serui . . . arbitrentur, 29b1 . tre ch.¤ , 31c4 . ní dodígail forfírianu . . . acht is doch.¤ cintach gl. iusto non est lex possita sed iniustis, 28a3 . nád deni ní arach. gl. delinquit, 31d12 . ? dumchoscaibse gl. meis nutibus, Ml. 41d11 ( duinchoscaibse, ( Thes. i 113 n. b) MS. ? Leg. du-m-inchoscaib-se, Celtica xix 178 ). honch. gl. correptione, 51b17 . honaib coscaib innangalar gl. moderatís castigationibus, 111b26 `by the chastisements consisting of the diseases', Ériu xvii 2 . See also Wb. 5a16 , 9a19 , 20d6 , Ml. 111c3 . dognith do tromch.¤ `who was severely chastised', Blathm. 48 and n. cena c.¤ `without correcting himself', Mon. Tall. 128.3 . mo ch.¤ do cach óen / scarad fri peccad advice, LU 9480 . gearait (.i. eolach) do c.¤ (.i. tegusc) fand (.i. aineolach), ZCP v 486 § 6 (B. na f.). do ghene a cc.¤ `he punished them', Blathm. 96 § 21 . oc c.¤ inna mban, LU 8422 ( FB 29 ). bat cumnech coisc ót senaib, 3491 ( SCC 26 ). cuin as tūalaing coisc ala n-aile? `capable of correcting others', Celtica viii 68.91 ( ZCP iii 451.26 ). ní cara cách cosg a baise, H 3.18, 36.13 . olc in c.¤ cinad `the wicked advice', Ériu iii 148 § 2 . meic cen casc, Lism. L. 4664 . gabhaim do chosg ar mo chuing `I take on myself to punish you', Content. xxvii 11 . c.¤ lobair .i. elenn for in fid in ogaim `corrective of a sick man', Auraic. 5660 (medicine?).

(b) act of hindering, preventing; staunching (of wounds), etc.; remedy, cure : do ch.¤ na fola, Metr. Dinds. iii 344.77 . c.¤ fogla, Cog. 54.9 . dobéraimne robhar ítadh . . . nemfhogbail dige día cusc doib to quench it (i.e. thirst), RC xii 90 § 111 (see deoch coisc below). do chosg bróin `thy sorrow's cure' (of son), Bard. P. 36.§ 8 . ó Mhuire tuccadh a coscc / rop slán cech rosc [i]ma téit `healing', Moling 37 . cosg fiabhrasa `cure of fever', Bard. P. 25.12 . forfhemdhetar a ch.¤ oc bendachtain, LB 123a4 . As legal remedy : ar ni inun cosc sair ┐ dair ┐ leth[ṡ]air 'for the remedy for noble and base and half-noble is not the same', Mar. Dis. 30 § 7 . Some exx. for attrib. g s. belong here; see below.

(c) Attrib. g s.: bean for a fuirmither ainim coisc blemish caused by (physical) punishment, Laws v 292.21 .i. ac a c.¤ co indligthech (i.e. by her husband), 294.18 Comm. cáin chuisc 'the rule of healing', Mar. Dis. 69 (cf. Bechbretha 52 § 6 ). bid crann cuisc Temra a rod to rule T., Lism. L. 2809 . riagail na dighe cuisg 'the rule of the healing drink', Mar. Dis. 69 (cf. Bechbretha 52 § 6b ). gabail cuisc do fer freptha fris imbi c.¤ , Laws i 268. 7 - 8 .i. ag (leg. an) erid bes ag congbail na dighi cuisc fris in fer bis isin freptaidh, 300.25 - 26 Comm. muighi do digh coiscc, BNnÉ 315 § 11 . fan digh cuisg, IGT Decl. ex. 1039 . fuarabair dig cuisc tonnaid, TFerbe 600 . domna coisc 'enough for a cure', CIH i 177.18 , Mar. Dis. 70 . a chomarlid. a ḟer cuisc instructor, LL 31569 (TTr.). fer a choisc a man capable of checking him, ZCP vi 29.32 . suí coisc cach suí, LL 24282 `every sage is a corrective sage', RC xxvi 17 .

(d) With follg. prepp.: gniom a laime do c.¤ diob to prevent them from . . . , TBC St. 3799 . ba c.¤ fairrgi do tractaib ┐ ba c.¤ gaithi fri fudbaid holding back the sea (in list of impossible tasks), BB 411a52 . d'eagla choisg na n-aeiged d'fín, IGT Verbs ex. 677 . sás na n-ainmhianach do chosg dá gcoirthibh, TSh. 6828 . casg aga ar gach anduine control, O'R. Poems 22 . c.¤ . . . on oite for in dalta, Laws ii 348.21 Comm. iad féin do chosg . . . ó bhréithribh, Párl. na mB. 1248 . Note also: a ccosg do chum coimhthechta = exhort them to, RSClára 95a . In phr. do-beir (cuirid) c.¤ for: nírbuch.¤ coir dorratsat forru són gl. correptionis, Ml. 113d7 . c.¤ mbec doberr forsna pecthachu, 51b23 (see Ériu xvii 2 ). c.¤ do tabairt ar chuislennaib na maighdine, Grail 3497 . do bheir an chranncair air imreasanaibh cosg = causeth to cease, Proverbs xviii 18 . ar bhar gcailg ó nach cuiream cosg, Content. ix 11 . cosg do chor ar amharc ainmhianach a shúl, TSh. 7252 .

craíbechán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. craíbechán or dil.ie/12728

Forms: craoibechan

n [o, m.] porridge, gruel : rorec . . . ria Iacob ar craibechan pottage ( Gen. xxv 29ff. ), Hib. Min. 42.20 . ar in crúibechan mbec , PH 8401 . meic crāibechān crāebaig `sprouty meat-soup' (in mock genealogy), MacCongl. 35.3 . m'inar cráibechán imum-sa féin `pottage tunic', 81.13 . in chori lán do crāibechān, 83.5 . craibechan .i. cara bechan .i. feoil min nó bec, O'Mulc. 285 = craoibechan, O'Curry 144 ( H 3.18, 80c ).

crescae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. crescae or dil.ie/12873

n (1 cres + cáe, Murphy Lyrics, Gloss. s. cress ; perh. io and borrowed from Lat. praesaepium). stall: crescai .i. tech cumang, Corm. Y 366 . creascha .i. teach cumhang, O'Cl. (s.v. 1 cres). c.¤ .i. tech mbec ndereoil, O'Curry 92 ( H 3.18, 66 ). in cresca i n-a tucad he iar n-a breth (of Christ), ZCP xvii 232.5 . baili in . . . ro suigestar in cresgca .i. cliab, YBL 169a48 . isin crescai gl. in presepio, Rawl. B. 512, 65a , isin crescu, 67b (cited Contribb. 512 ). ? cresca .i. silugad, Ériu xiii 89 § 271 .

1 cud (-th)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cud (-th) or dil.ie/13432

Forms: caut

n o. Also caut (Lat. caput with loss of p, Goid. 81 ). Expld. as head : descud . . . cind .i. des don c[h]. .i. don chind īatside, quia fit c.¤ .i. cend, Corm. Y 471 . c.¤ .i. cenn, Goid. 75 § 4 (Dúil Laithne). caut .i. cenn, H 3.18, 67b7 . `cudh' (add. nó cuth, v.l.) cenn, Metr. Gl. 31 § 62 . cudh no cuth .i. ceann, O'Cl. c.¤ na ciuili (.i. cenn na luingsi), ZCP v 487 § 12 (B. na f.). foxladh do ch.¤ re curach .i. delu[ghu]dh cinn re coloinn, 488 § 5 (B. na f.). fethol chuid Ailinne `the shape of A.'s head', RC xiii 222.43 . Preceded by prepp. in B. na f.: ōs a cīn .i. os cut cend a leabhair, ZCP v 483 § 4 = os cudh (.i. ceann) a cín, iii 378.10 . scéinti [míl mbec] lea hanail ho ch.¤ head first (?), in the end (?), LU 10599 ( CCC 5 § 5 ).

dairthech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dairthech or dil.ie/14308
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: dairthach, daurthech, durthech, doirrthech, durthach, dúr(r)thech, derthech, dérthech, derthach, dérthach, dirthach, Derthaighi, ernaichthi, derthech, duirtheach, derthaighe, durtaig, dearthaigh, dairrtig, duirrtech, derthach, dirthige, dirthaige, durthigib

n dairthach, daurthech, durthech, doirrthech, durthach, dúr(r)thech, derthech, dérthech, derthach, dérthach, dirthach, s, n. later m. Derthaighi (g s. rhymes) with ernaichthi, AU i 412. 6 .

I (Literally oak-house) a penitentiary, oratory, prayer-house (originally of wood), the smallest of the sacred edifices used in Ireland; generally fifteen feet long and ten feet broad. Its value was ten heifers (samaisci), if thatched with rushes, ten cows if with slates H 3.15 , p. 653 .— durthach duairce, Eg. Gl. 246 . durrtaigi .i. durthech .i. dairthech .i. tech darach, Laws v 102. 27 Comm. saer drondurrtaigi comsaire do fri harig ndesa, ib. 102. 24 . oc dénum a derrthige, Fél.² lxxiii . durthach, IT iii 86. 21 . deirt[h]ech bec, RC x 187. 5 . conaca in relic ┐ in dairthach fo lánessair glan, LL 286 a 42 . daurthach bec ara bélaib, ib. 287 b 42 . lemsa cetna baclas dirthach is croch chloche, ib. 45 b 6 . ba mét daig ṅdáirthaige cach tob, BDD 65 . conustarladar for duirtheach mbec , FDG 116 . i ndorus in duirthíge, ib. 118 . i ndorchaib derrthaige, Otia i 126 . a cride amail chailc for bendchobar daurthige LB 108 a 79 . for bendchopar in daurtige, IT i 39. 17 . dorad síniudh a dairthaighi do, RC xxvii 280. 4 . do denuṁ a dart[h]aighe, ib. 5 . rethet daurthige i Tuaith dá muige, IT 41. 23 . i ndurtaig clárach, BB 299 b 6 . derthac Lusca do loscad, TFrag. 142. 18 . roloisg cealla ┐ dirthigi na naomh, ib. 116. 24 . losccad Léithglinne go léir cenmothá an deirtheach, AFM ii 878. 9 .—Further instances: n s. derthech ZCP iv 385. 4 . vi 99. 18 . duirtheach, Hy Fiach. 52. 2 . g s. derthaighe, AU i 412. 6 . LL 344 b 27 . BB 63 b 15 . ZCP iv 99. 20 . d s. durtaig, Mon. Tall. 132. 12 . dearthaigh, AFM 410. 10 . dairrtig, MR 124. 25 . duirrtech, ZCP vi 99. 3 . a s. derthach, AU i 502 . ZCP vi 99. 19 . n pl. dirthige, TTr. 116 . a pl. dirthaige, LL 330 e 48 . d pl. durthigib, RC xvii 358. 25 .

II A prayer-house in general, a chapel . durthach .i. teampall, O'Cl. in doirthech i cantar in celebrad i filet na tri ced clar .i. clar fo gach clérech, Fen. 206. 10 . in duirthech. . .tri ced clar ta san tig fa chomair gach chlerig, ib. 212. 27 .

III Metaph. a dark, wretched abode . doilgheas do bheith air tré bheith ag imirce a duirtheach daordhálach na colna don árus aoibhinn úd na cathrach neaṁdha, TSh. 76. 6 . (ifreann) dúirtheach duaibhseach daordhálach gacha deaṁain, ib. 186. 21 .

LOC. Breasal ó Dertaigh, Reeves Ad. 386. 27 . Drostan Dairtige (Deartaige AU) décc, AFM i 314. 12 . i nDerthoigh Aedhain, ib. 414. 14 . losccad Derthaighe Mochua, ib. ii 606. 3 . Cf. also IT i. 41. 23 and Dairthach Mic Mailine, Duirthech Laithrigh, D.¤ Seirc, Durrthach hUa mBriuin Chualunn, Onomast.

1 dál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dál or dil.ie/14344
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: Dál

n o, n.

I A part, share : dál .i. rand, Corm. 14 , Corm. Tr. 52 . daal lingua Hibernorum partem significat Beda i cap. i . dál .i. rann, Cóir Anm. § 249 ; O'Cl. dáil .i. roinn, ib. This is probably only an attempt of the grammarians to explain the original meaning of dál II. Similarly O'Flaherty supposed the meaning proles posterity.

II A division, a sept, tribe; the land inhabited by a tribe. dál .i. rand. inde dicitur Dál Riata ┐ Dál nAraide, Corm. 14 , Corm. Tr. 52 . Only in tribe-names. g s. dáil: luid Patraic a crích Dáil Araidi, Trip. 168. 5 (cf. ib. 164. 10 ). Dáil Chaiss, LL 354 e . d s. ropo do Dail Chonchobair dosom, Thes. ii 325 4 . de Dál Araide, LL 311 a 32 . do D.¤ A., ib. 349 c 39 . doDháil (sic) Chuinn, Rawl. 112 b 45 . a s. la Dál Mesi Corb, ib. 27 .—For the neuter gender cf. tribe-names such as: Dál nAraidi ( LL 311 c 1 ), D.¤ nAulaim ( LL 331 b 6 , f. D.¤ nUlaim, Onom.), D.¤ mBairdeni ( H 3.17, 790 ), D.¤ mBaiscinn, D.¤ mBec Cuind ( Lec. 128 ), D.¤ ṁBuachalla ( LL 331 a 44 ), D.¤ mBuain ( ib. 349 e 61 infra ), D.¤ mBuinni ( ib. 331 b 16 ), D.¤ mBundruini ( LL 331 c 5 ), D.¤ cCais ( BB 182 heading), D.¤ cConchubair, D.¤ nDruithne, D.¤ nDuibne, D.¤ nEogain, D.¤ fFiatach, D.¤ nlmde ( LL 318 c 21 , Expuls. 150 ), D.¤ nIochair, D.¤ nOengusa, D.¤ nUidne ( Expuls. 149 . Dál Uidne mic Chonrui, H 2.17 , p. 157 ), D.¤ n-Uisce. Onom. CRR p. 109 sq. , p. 150 .— For a list of territorial divisions beginning with Dál see McNeill, Population Groups 65 , and Onom.

MOD. Dál in place-names.

dán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dán or dil.ie/14559
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: dáno, dánu, dánou, dána, dáin, dána, dánai, dána, dánta, dánae, dána, dán, dánai, ndán, dán, dánae

n u, m. g s. dáno, dánu, dánou, dána; mod. also dáin. n du. dá dána , LL 99 a 29 . n pl. dánai, dána (both in Wb); mod. also dánta. g pl. dánae, dána and once dán (supported by the metre) SR 7212 . —Dim. dánán ( ZCP x 370 ), q.v.

I A gift, bestowal, endowment, present , translating Lat. donum, donatio and glossed by ascid, tindnacol, tidlaic, bronntanas. dán do thabairt (do thindnacul, do dáil, do ḟodáil) do to bestow upon. Dán in sense I is not found in the Laws; the legal terms for gift are tidnacol, 2 aiscid.

(a) in a material sense. dán .i. tidhnacul, Stowe Gl. 311 . dán airgid .i. maoin no aisgid airgid a gift of silver O'Cl. P. O'C. alali caillech dobert dán ṁbec disi hi rusc who gave her a little present (of fruit) in a basket Lism. L. 326. 14 , cf. Todd Lect. v 75. 7 . na draid tancatar do adrad Críst co ndánaib examla, PH 7113 . nothictis mic Israel co ndánaib ┐ dliged ┐ idpartaib don eclais sin in choimdhed, LB 122 a 24 . dánai na hecailse gifts given to the Church, its goods : airchinnig bíte ós inchaib martra nannaeb for dánaib ┐ dechmadaib na hecailsi, FA § 25 .

(b) in a spiritual sense.

(α) a gift from man to God, a spiritual offering; often in connection with idpart or dependent on adopair: na trí dána édbras ind eclais do Chríst .i. óige ┐ aithrigi ┐ lánamnus dligthech, PH 7082 . cura edpram dó na dána logmara sa .i. deigimrád ┐ deigbriathra ┐ deiggnim, ib. 7115 . co nérnend na dána trédai iris frescisciu ┐ déircc do Dia, ib. 7093 .

(β) a divine gift to man from God or the Holy Ghost, a Christian virtue looked upon as an emanation from the Holy Ghost , usually plural dánai. donationes secundum gratiam differentes: is sain dán cáich, Wb. 5 d 5 , 7 . sechiphé dán tra doberthar do neuch bad fri cumtach necolso immabera, ib. 13 a 3 (the same thought is expressed Wb. 22 a 11 : in aedificationem corporis Christi (i.e. the Church): is hed dothéit de tre ilar na ndáne). gratia habundans propter multos: mrechtrad inna ndáne tindnagtar do chách, ib. 15 c 2 . nítat ildáni do oenfiur et ní oen dán do sochuidi, ib. 21 a 16 . na decad in dán doradad dó fessin acht dán á cheli, ib. 23 c 16 . acht rocretea deacht Críst bit less ind huili dáni et na huili timne, ib. 27 b 15 . ni riat na dánu diadi aran indeb domunde, ib. 28 c 2 . fortgellam Dia dana (: slána) De we declare by God God's gifts SR 3611 . dán buidech briathar dimbrass a grateful gift is speech without boasting Ériu ii 63 st 3 . i coṅdiulg cech dána rothídnaic Dia do sruthib fetarlaice is dermáir in tidnacul tuc indiú dona hapstalu PH 5450 . in spirut noem inṡorchaidius ┐ ḟoillsigius dána ┐ derritus inna ṅgním ṅdiada, ib. 8082 ; cf. in spirut noeb ...roinṡorched dána ┐ derritiusa na ndliged ndiada don eclais, FA § 1 LB (which seems to correspond to the passage `arfuirid derritussa ┐ fochraice écsamla nimi dona bennachtnachaib' in the LU version). rodánaigthe a dánaib Dé tria secht fáthaib fáthsine, ZCP iii 21. 42 . duine co ndán ndligthech ṅDé, MacCarthy 40. 17 . dánai in spirto nóib the gifts of the Holy Ghost: doadbadar sunt ata nili dána in spirto et as nóindæ in spirut, Wb. 12 a 11 ( 1 Corinth. xii 11 ; cf. PH 5491 infra ). tairchella híc huili dánu in spirito, ib. 12 b 33 . tre thindnacul inna ndánæ in spirito do chách, ib. 21 c 2 . isé in spirut noeb sin ḟódlas a dhána dilsi do chách, PH 5491 ( 1 Corinth. xii 11 ). dána examla in spiruta noíb do thidnocul don eclais, ib. 5571 . They are seven: uair is secht ṅdána airegda airmither don spirut noem, ib. 8028 . hí figuir .vii. ṅdana spiritus sancti, Thes. ii 254. 9 . secht ndána in spiratu naoiṁ, O'Don. Suppl. 615 ( = secht tidluice i. s. n., 23 Q 1, p. 24 b 6 ). Their names are wisdom, intellect, counsel, vigour, knowledge, piety and fear of God: ecna intliucht comarle nert fis gaire gúr omon Fiadat for bith ché secht ndána Dé dún ZCP v 499 (stanza 4) .

(γ) in a special sense, a natural endowment, faculty, ability or talent, ingenium . fear creanus ... dliged ... dia tallaind tidnaic Dia do .i. isé Dia dotidnaic na dána sin do, Laws v 20. 13 , 25 .

II Skill in applying the principles of a special science; science; skill applied to the material or subject-matter of art; artistic faculty, art; especially the poetic faculty; the art of poetry . It translates Lat. ars. Synonyms elada, elatha, 1 fis, sous, airchetal. proficiebam in iudaismo, gl. ropsa airchinnech isin dán sin I have been a leader in that science Wb. 18 c 15 . is ecen do neuch fosisedar dán inna grammatic cotinola inna huili doilbthi, Thes. ii 6. 13 b 1 . badar liubair cacha dana issinn aracal irraibe Colum Cille books of every science Fél. 198 n 2 . ni bói dán aile innte acht legend ┐ scribend nammá quia ars ibi exceptis scriptoribus nulla habebatur Lat. Lives 92. 14 . Lochru ┐ Lucat Mael ithé...roptar auctair in dána sin inna sæbfáthsine inventores doni illius (sc. the druidical art), ib. 2. 6 . ocht ṅdalta do æs in dána druidechta na farrad, TBC-LL¹ 1071 . bar sciam ┐ bar ndán (v.l. náni) la Fiachra, RC xxiv 194. 10 . tria dan ┐ fisidecht a athar, ib. vi 178 l. 132 (v.l. from YBL). dénaid bhar ndána (i.e. music and dance)... Adubradar na mná nách dignidis dán go feastais a dtuarustol, Ériu iv 178. 16 , 18 . is dom sous matchous: a ndorigénai (sc. Brigit) do maith .i. is dom dán .i. is dom filidecht, Thes. ii 337. 21 . bretheam ...co ndán duis dfilidecht aigi a brehon with the skill of a `dos' in poetry Laws v. 92. 2 . aes cach dána núi cen inandus (sic leg.) na nastib, LL 197 a 9 ( Metr. Dinds. iii 180. 168 ). mac ind ḟiled cosin dán let the poet's son take to poetry ib. 148 a 11 . filid oldam anroth clí cano doss mac már...morsesser dian dan the seven who practise poetry ZCP v 499 st 7 (the bárd áine does not: ní fil dán lais, IT iii 5. 11 , 24. 10 . ní tuiremar dán lais, ib. iii 28 ). is oendán tegait .i. bairdne, IT iii 24. 18 , cf. ib. 6. 10 . i n(d)airib dána (sic leg.) in oakwoods of poetry ib. iii 106. 10 . dligid dan dúscad dligid fis foillsigud (sic YBL) MR 94. 16 . Gilla Aengussa O Cluman ollam Condacht re dán, RC xviii 165. 9 . beanuimsi fós (says Marvan to the sgeulees) a hucht mu dhia bar ndán díbh uili gan énrand do dhénumb ó so amach acht aenduan namá I deprive you all of your poetic faculty Oss. v 102. 18 . Ecna mac na trí ṅdea ṅdána, RC xxvi 30 , 139 . áes dána people of art ZCP x 370 , After Rome 34 , esp. poets (cf. IV): is annsin doeirgheadar aos dána an rígh do ghabháil a nduan ┐ a ndán do chách, Atlantis iv 198. 15 . re haes dána dénta duán, Acall. 587 . dá tí dano aes dána sin crích...corop siat a duana saṁ ┐ a dréchta gabtair ar tús i nEmain, TBC-LL¹ 1154 . oes dana Uladh im Fercertne sin, ib. 5466 . filid ┐ aes dána ┐ aes glamtha gruaidi, ib. p. 441 n. 1 . aos dána in ríg co rinnib, O'Mulc. 830 d . Also áes dán: file bard dúanaire áos dán, Eg. Gl. 350 . Cf. SR 7212 . fer dána (cf. IV)

a poet ZCP x 370 . a chlaidib ríg...fogéba duit thḟer dána tigerna do diṅgbála RC xx 12. st 19 .

atbertatar a chliar risin fer ṅdána...massed bar in file, &c. , Bor. § 132. 3 . Cú Condacht ó Dálaigh in fer dána is ḟerr dobai, RC xviii 157. 24 .

In a figurative sense in the phrases dán ecnai, d.¤ forbai, d.¤ laechdacht: maith dán egna ferr dán forba doiligh dán laech[d]acht...mairg dianad dán laech[d]acht, ZCP vi 261. 30 ; cf. LL 346 a 40 . dán ecna dogní ríg do bhocht the art of wisdom makes a king of a pauper LL 346 a 35 .—PERS.: Dán mac Osmenta Poetry, son of Scrutiny RC xxvi 30. 130 .

III A poem, song, verse, rhyme . dán an ode, poem, lay, song or ditty; hymn. gen. dáin or dána, P. O'C. adrad maicc dé dán búada, Thes. ii 349. 7 . baudar amra [a] dana, Laws i 22 , 28 . i nduais filed....i. logh ar admolad uair ni dlegar dib dan do chennoch, ib. v 129. 1 . érned ar cach ṅdán as dír ┐ is dliged do reicc, LL 215 a 22 . cid i ndeochraigetar (sc. na baird)...i ndánaib ┐ grádaib ┐ anmandnuibb in poems, grades and names IT iii 5. 5 ; 24. 7 . na soerbaird cid nosdeochraigethar i ngradaib. ní hansa asa ṅdánaib forberat, ib. 6. 2 ; 24. 11 . Cid nosdeachraigetar ┐ nosæntaighedar ina ndánaib, ib. 24. 17 . do ghabháil a nduan ┐ a ndán do chách, Atlantis iv 198. 16 . dia seichmis cech dia do dán, ZCP vi 266 st 8 . dá mbeirthea dán lat, ib viii 109. 26 . is fírdliged deit dan mic rigfiled Ruirend, MacCarthy 132 iii a . dagaiste in dána, IT iii 106. 2 . is iat sin ardaiste in dána, ib. 27 . reacfad feasda dán re dia, 23 D 13 , p. 25. 1 . Further examples Exodus xv 2 . Deuteronomy xxxi 19 . 2 Samuel xxii 1 . 1 Kings iv 32 . Job xxxv 10 . dán do chumtach to compose a poem: conutaing duine dán, H 3.18, 53 b . conrotacht dan duib, TBC-LL¹ 1707 Y. dánta diaghachta psalms Donlevy 454. 17 . i ndán in verse : aithghiorra an teagaisg chríosduighe a ndán, ib. v 7 ; cf. lii 18 ; 487. 2 . dán dírech the name of a metrical system used by the Irish: asé dochúm na duanta senchasa so i ndán díreach, AFM v 2320. 5 . dán d., Rel. Celt. ii 297 . 34 . O'Molloy 144 .

IV An industrial pursuit of a skilled nature; a craft, trade, business, office, calling, profession . Sometimes hardly distinguishable from II. Glossed by tidnaiced, Laws v 14. 23 , 26 , ib. 90. 26 ; translating Lat. professio, Sg. 33 a 25 , ars Todd Lect. v 92 , Sg. 156 b 4 , and often used synonymously with cerdd ( Laws i 14. 25 ; Thes. ii 293. 15 ; RC xxvi 21 ff .) and eladu ( Laws v 98 pass.). is ionann dán ┐ ceard, Keat. 666 . dán .i. ceárd, P. O'C. —dán do aittreb to hold or possess a profession (Sg). dán do aurfognom ( RC xii 78. 13 ), d.¤ do frithgnom ( Ml. 37 b 12 ; RC xii 76. 2 ), d.¤ do dénom ( Wb. 27 d 10 , Laws pass. ) to practise a profession. dánae do chongbáil ( Laws v 104 ; RC xii 78 ) to keep up or practise several professions (only pl. dánae). dán do ḟoglaim to learn a profession ( Ml. 37 b 12 ; Laws). dúlchinne or lóg in dáno ( Laws pass. ; ACL iii 227. 29 ) the pay of the profession.

The various dánae were divided into prímdánae (dagdánae) and fodánae (drochdána); compare Laws and LL 215 a 20 : lucht cech dána eter prímdán ┐ ḟodán. The latter class included according to Laws v 108. 20ff . the aes ciúil ┐ oirfidid oilchena monaig ┐ araid ┐ luamain ┐ comail ┐ daime ┐ creccoire ┐ cleasamnaig ┐ fuirseóire ┐ brugedóire ┐ fodána olcheana...nísta saíre cena foleith. While the aes ciúil thus are graded with jugglers and buffoons, an exception is made for the harpers, the cruittiri: cruit isé aendán ciúil indsein dliges saíre, ib. 106. 27 . All who practise a profession are daernemed-persons with the exception of the filid ( Laws v 14 ff ), because they serve saernemed-persons and receive payment from them. `Every profession has its nemed' (cach dán a nemed) and `Every profession has its emoluments' (cach dán a duilgine) says the Alphabet of Cuigne mac Emoin ( ACL iii 226. 14 ; 227. 29 ). Highest among the aes dáno rank the saír `carpenters,' gobainn `smiths,' umaidi `braziers,' cerdda `gold-smiths,' legi `doctors,' breithemain `brehons,' and druid `druids' ( Laws v 90. 19 ). Other professionals mentioned in the Laws are the ailtiri (probably a subdivision of saír), cairemain `shoemakers, leathern-bottle makers,' círmairi `combers,' geibich `cloth-figurers,' iascairi `fishermen,' nascairi `chain-makers,' rindaigi `engravers,' tornóiri `turners,' tuathait `shield-coverers,' v. Laws v 106 ff . To these may be added from other texts the senchaidi `historians,' the grammarians, the chess-players, the lucht cumachtai `folk of might' (including the corrguinig, tuathaig `sorcerers,' ammaiti `wizards'), the araid `charioteers,' selgairi `hunters,' deogbairi `cupbearers,' &c., cf. RC xii 76 ff . 88 ff . But farmers of land exercise no dán; in the Tecosca Cormaic LL 375 c 20 dán is used in opposition to orbae 'inherited property'.

The Laws make a distinction between dánae inunna the various branches or subdivisions of one and the same profession, and dánae écsamlai different professions, as is evident from the following passages: cethri dána inunda aigi he has four parallel professions (viz. the building of sea-ships, barques, canoes and vessels), v 104. 7 . fer congeb trede .i. trí dána inanna aigi .i. durtech ┐ muilinn ┐ ibroracht, v 104. 21 . fer congeb dede .i. fer congbus dá dán examla .i. goibnecht ┐ cerdacht smithwork and goldwork v 104. 18 . fer congeb ceatharda .i. cethra dána éxamla .i. goibnecht ┐ cerdacht ailtirecht ┐ gebidecht smithwork and goldwork, carpentry and cloth-figuring ib. v 104. 30 . dia mbeth dána éxamla aice beith eneclann cacha dána dib, H 3.18 , p. 126 . O'D. Suppl.

Salutat uos Lucas medicus, gl. dicit híc ainm dáno dorigéni i tossug, Wb. 27 d 10 . alia a professionibus .i. hua ḟóisitnib inna ṅdáne frisgniat ┐ ataimet, Sg. 33 a 25 . ut mechannicus .i. arindí atreba in dán sin. ind ḟiss asberar michanicé , ib. 33 a 26 , 27 . grammaticus .i. airindí atreba in dán inna litredachte, ib. 33 a 28 . dual dán, Laws v 104 . artium vero nomina .i. dana .i. anmman araḟóimtar di danaib ut doctor de doctrina , Sg. 156 b 4 . quos multa peritia facit ab eiusdem artis consortibus eminere .i. sainred neulais leu isin dan frisgníat sech cách fodglein olchene, Ml. 37 b 12 . cechtar nathar fria saindan, bíth a menmasam fri seilgg mu menma céin im saincheirdd, Thes. ii 293. 14 . maith la cechtar nár a dán, ib. 294. 2 . isé a prímdán budein filidecht, Laws v 12. 17 . is saer cid cách creanus a suíre dia dán, iv 14. 28 . in cách...cendaigis saeiri dó dun dán bís aigi amail atá in gaba, v 14. 30 ; cf. ib. 20. 14 , 22 , 33 . is feardi in fear sin na dána sin do cindemain aigi that man is the better of those professions having fallen to his lot, v 20. 28 . cethri ba do ar gach ndán four cows for each profession, v 104. 8 . in dán is uaisli dib, ib. 104. 22 . dá prímdán do beith aigi i fotha .i. clochsairsi ┐ crannsairsi ┐ in dana dan as uaisli dib do beith aigi i fotha .i. damliag ┐ duirrtech, v 92. 2 f.b. fégad arna dánaib eile, v 94. 3 . in dúil chinntech doberar dontí aca ndéntar in dán .i. lóg in dána, v 266. 12 . seisid doben allógh gacha dána dib, ib. 94. 4 . Cf. sesid do asna dánaib eli, v 104. 25 . saer daer dagdána dáig fogniat ┐ fogníter free, unfree are the good arts, because they serve and are served, v 96. 10 , 13 . in oiret bes (sc. in dalta) ica ḟoglaim .i. ic dénum a dána dligthig (apparently = while he is learning his lawful profession, though dán do dénum usually means to exercise a profession), v 96. 24 . a étail dána uile...┐ cédtuilleam a dána the entire profits of his profession and the first earnings of his profession, v 96. 28 . dia congba dá dán díb if he unites (keeps up) two of these arts, v 106. 8 , 15 . ni ḟuil nach ní doib ara ndán nothing is due to them in right of their profession, v 106. 25 . ma feraind fuair ara dán hé, ib. iii 50. 3 . ara dhán no ara leginn no ara filidecht, ib. 50. 6 . mad étail brethemnasa no filidechta no nach dána olcena, iii 50. 4 . a dualgus a dána in right of his profession, v 108. 16 , 17 , 36 . nach dán asrubartamar dliges saire, v 108. 1 . gan a dán, 108. 2 , 7 . intí aca mbia aendán the person who has one profession, v 108. 13 . intí ca mbed dána ilarda, ib. 14 . ildána (n pl.), ib. 16 . damad hé dán dliged na fine if it was the lawful profession of the tribe, iii 50. 10 .

cipe dán ara corat[h]ar neuch láiṁ ised as dech dó foss occa, Mon. Tall. 159. 6 . cid hé mo dán though that be my craft FB § 92 , cf. Strachan ZCP iii 422 . ni hé mo dan dogrés atát dána lim chena, FB § 93 . a gillai forcitail (a mmo sruith) cia dán dognísiu, RC xxvi 20 § 54 , 22 § 70 . oc dénum a dána, H 3.17 , col. 175 . cia dan frisag[n]eie al sei ar ni teid nech cin dan i Temruig, RC xii 76. 2 (compare ní théiged [don fleid i.e. fleid Temrach]...duine cen dán, Ériu iv 124. 12 ). abair ... an fil les oeinfer codogabai ina danu sæ ule, ib. 78. 9 . na huili dano arufognot det muntir si atát les ule a oenor conedh fer cacha danai ule ei, ib. 78. 13 . bo suí cach dáno é, ib. 78. 24 . ruaicill Lug cach ar uair dib fria ndanoib, ib. 92. 13 . bid furside cech dán, ib. xxvi 36 § 185 . fer sotal im gáis im dán im thocad, Tec. Corm. § 32 . romeasc cách ar dan a chéle IT iii 187 § 7 (= MS. Mat. 511. 24 . BB 261 a 25 ). ro hordaigheadh cách díb fora dhan díleas, ib. ferr dán orbba a trade or profession is better than inheritance LL 345 c 20 . rofiadaiged ar grádaib ┐ dánaib ┐ dligedaib, &c. TBC-LL¹ 997 . rocóraidhid iarum cách fo grádaib ┐ i ndanaib ┐ i ndligemnus, Ériu v 234. 9 . na hollumain ┐ anis deach fri cech ndán olchena, FDG 25 . an dán cétna dóib sund, BColm. 20. 23 . dober Colmán dó hi fus in dán cena cétna, ib. 74. 23 . Here also O'Mulc. 222 : cerd graece cires .i. manus unde cernach .i. buaidh lám dicitur. ar cach dán dogniat lámae is cerd dongairther .i. lámdae because every craft, exercised by the hands, is called `cerd.'

dán ciúil the profession of the `áes ciúil.' cruit isé aendán ciúil indsein dliges sairi, Laws v 106. 27 . aes dáno (pl. aesa dána, FB § 12 ) .i. in lucht aca mbí in dán, Laws v 98. 6 . The practisers of a profession, people of any trade or art (other than farmers of land) = aes cerdd, Laws iv 316. 25 , aes tidnaicthe, ib. v 14. 23 , 26 , aes eladan, v 90. 28 , though v 98. 11 a distinction is made between `aes dána' and áes borbeladan 'workers in unskilled professions'. Opp. aes trebtha, Cóir Anm. § 149 . tarrcomlad cach aes dána la hÉrind co tarfen cách a cheird fia[d] Patraic, Laws i 14. 25 . aithgabáil cach aes (sic) dána, ii 118. 21 . breithem bes tualaing fuigell frisind aes ndána, v 98. 1 . duilgine cach aesa dána adroilli duilgine, v 264. 15 . formna láth ngaili Ulad arcena ┐ a maccæm ┐ a næsa dána, FB § 12 (p. 258. 13) . rofáid C. filedu ┐ áes dána ┐ drúdi Ulad dia saigid... rotriall som dano in næs ndána do marbad, SCC § 48 . aragarud...oes danu Erionn, RC xii 84 § 85 . degníth lesin oes ndanou indsen, ib. § 86 . den oes dana, ib. § 124 . do ḟiledaib ┐ aes dána, TBC-LL¹ 2708 . aes cacha dáno, Laws v 14. 18 . rodeiligsid arís æs cacha dána fria aroili, IT iii 187 § 7 ( MS. Mat. 511. 26 ) aes cacha dáno olchenae 'any other professionals': daerneimead imorro aes gacha dána olchena, Laws v 14. 17 . daernemed tra saeir ┐ gobaind ┐ umaide ┐ cerda ┐ legi ┐ breithemain ┐ druid ┐ aes cacha dána olchena, ib. v 90. 21 (gl. .i. lucht cacho tidnaicthi uili cena ┐ na fodhán). iter eclais ┐ tuaith ┐ aos gacho dána olchena, ZCP viii 111. 21 . doescarṡluag ┐ oes dímain ┐ oes cecha dána olchena, LB 116 a 27 , cf. di daoscarsluag ┐ daos cecha dánæ olchenæ, RC xii 104. 2 . cóicedaig Érenn...┐ a rígu ┐ a toísig ┐ a nócthigernn ┐ a namsaid ┐ oes cacha dána gnáthaig ┐ ingnáthaig olchena FDG 158 . aes dánae, aes dán (pl.) = aes dáno; cf. dér as g pl. Fél. Epil. 400 . cen aes ṅdán, SR 7212 , cf. aos dán poets Eg. Gl. 350 . ceth ind táos dánae ol Máolrúin in gobui[n]d ind tsáoir ┐ reliqui , Mon. Tall. 135. 30 . For the use of the pl. compare the synonymous áes cerdd. fer dáno a member of the aes dáno, a professional man: mad fer dána, Laws iii 48. 18 ; in a spec. sense a poet, v. II. Idiomatically in asseverations: dar mo dán by my craft (profession): d. m. d. is luag noragad duid ar sin do dénum, Anecd. i 46. 6 . Cf. fo mo cheirdd, LU 75 b 30 ( TBC-I¹ 1685 ).

V A craftsman : cach dán dogní aicdi flatha nó ecalsa 'every craftsman who manufactures articles for a lord or a churchman', Críth G. 486 , Ériu lxvi 2 . cruit, is ē āendān cīuil ind sein dliges saīri 'a harpist, that is the only skilled musician who can claim independent status', CIH v 1616.31 , Ériu lxvi 2 . sāer dāer dagdāna 'good craftsmen are [at once] noble and base', CIH v 1613.22 , Ériu lxvi 2 . cis lir fodlai for soírneimthib? ... a cethair - ecnae, eclais, flaith, fili; it é doírnemid dánae olchenae 'how many divisions are there of noble privileged ones? ... four, ecclesiastical scholar, churchman, lord, poet; the remaining craftsmen are base privileged ones', Ériu xl 8 § 1 .

VI A profession as represented by its practisers collectively; the members of a trade as a body. cach dán dogní aicdi flatha no ecalsa all craftsmen who make the manufactures of a chief or a church Laws iv 332. 1 . dán cimbeda probably= captives, prisoners (if not corrupt for damna cimbeda, see damnae I (b)): gabtar na fir ┐ ná gontar iter dáig nimmó ná dán cimbeda rothoegat, TBC-LL¹ 5120 . That the sense is a concrete one and Windisch's translation wrong is proved by TBC-LL¹ 5122 : Conchobar gan a guin do gabáil ┐ dán cimbeda do dénam dona deich cét ar ḟichit cét bátar na ḟarrad.

VII An occupation, function, business; an allotted task . dán .i. obair, Lec. Gl. 446 , Stowe Gl. 59 , 330 . cumal .i. ben bís oc bleth brón ar isé dán na mban ṅdáer riasiu darónta na muilind for this was the business of bondwomen Corm. s.v. cumal ; Zeuss² 245 . trí dána dobertsat slóg na Galia fair úir do tarradh ┐ muighi a fedhaib ┐ scáileadh murgabla srotha Ligir three tasks the people of G. imposed upon him RC xv 434. 26 , where dán= obair, l. 29 below (┐ adaigestar obair naile do thabairt fair). tri dán tucsat for R., LL 196 a 36 . olc or sí do dan bith oc buadred na Hérenn LU 53 b 8 (Tuc. Ind. na nD.). trí eoin aregda isin chathair ...┐ a menma ina ndúlemain tria bithu issé sin a ndan FA § 7 . bid hé mo dán iter drungu démnu...beth icot mallachad sa, PH 8263 . Hardly in Mon. Tall. 133. 10 : asrubart M. nibu móo dan lais arrobúi isind tsaltir nuli; the translation given seems impossible.

VIII To give in payment; a payment (cf. dawn bwyd payments in kind in the Welsh Laws). dan .i. ic ut est co hiar nde mis rodantar frit no r[o]dana .i. cidh riut icar cidh tu icas, O'Dav. 693 . So in Alexander 382 : rotustuillset fo chísaib ┐ bés ┐ dán ┐ dliged dóib, if it is complete (the line ends with fo chísaib ┐; something might have been dropped at the beginning of the new line). It recalls the passage TBC-LL¹ 997 , containing dán in the sense of profession : rofiadaiged ar grádaib ┐ dánaib ┐ dligedaib ┐ uaslecht ┐ cáinbésaib.

IX PHRASES.

(a) is dán do: bá dán dosom intan ba holc a menma noslocad indala súil conna roched corr inna cind it was his custom (?) SCC § 5 . ar is do is dán tidhnocol for to him `belongs to make presents (O'Don.) Leb. Cert. 192. 14 . gottí an tairrngeartaigh dar dhán sí asa hairmbertaibh diompádh who is allotted to Tadhg O'Huiginn (R.I.A. 23 L 17 , f. 576 § 12 )=dá mbed i ndán. Cf. VIII (b).

(b) i ndán (do) destined to, in store for; espec. destined by fate, fated, allotted ; phonetically i nán. Synon. i cinniud, i tairngiriu.—Only in connection with atá or dorala. The phrase does not appear in the Glosses, and the earliest instances collected here are taken from the YBL and the LB. Dán used independently in the sense fate, destiny , is not common in Irish, though this meaning is frequently given by modern lexicographers (dán .i. cineaṁain P. O'C. , cf. Coneys, O'R., Dinneen ). A late instance is quoted VIII (a). It occurs, however, in spoken Gaelic: is duilich cur an aghaidh dàin to oppose fate is difficult ( Macd. Gael. Dict. i 310 a ); but as a rule in Gaelic also it depends on i n- (ma tha e 'n dàn dhoṁ a bhi beò). robai i ndán ┐ i tairngire in aided úd diar mbreith doréir faistine in druad was fated and foretold RC xxiv 280 § 19 (YBL). aspert in sruith [fri]usuṁ imthecht uair ní hannsut boi i ndan [do]ibh eserghi, ib. xiv 58 § 72 (Book of Fermoy; v.l. nách ann rocinnedh doib a neiséirge). mata a ndán duit, ib. xxiii 420. 28 (YBL; compare l. 24 : do bi i tairngiri dam). ma rocollit riam a gessi rocollit innocht .i. boi a ndán a coll for their breaking was fated MacCongl. 15. 13 (LB). na nethe aurdhalta bis a cinded ┐ a ndan doib, Fen. 38. 17 . ag déunaṁ réiṁḟiadhnuise airna neithib dobhí a ndán do Chríosd dḟulang, RC vii 359. 10 ( 1 Peter 11 ). noco tí an ridiri da fuil a ndán an pócc do thabairt, ZCP ii 24. 28 . ca fis nach da cloidhem féin atá a ndán a marbadh ib. vi 103. 7 ; 'who knows that it is not his own sword that is destined to kill him' x 371 . cip hé for talmain...dia da (leg. dia d[t]a) i nndán a fúaslocod (sc. inna cest), ib. iv 234.1 f.b. , RC xxxvii 18 . a beith i ndán dam bás dagbáil in lá dá gebthasu bás, Cog. 172. 8 . ní fhuil a ndán do bás dḟaghail nó go mbuailtear trí buillidhe don luirgḟearrsaid atá aige air, Oss. iii 120. 6 . fothrugadh luaidhe ar do chind sa óir dobhi a n[d]an do thiachtain annso, Ériu iii 164. 3 f.b. dobhaoi a ndán...tocht do ṡluaigh go hiathṁaigh (sic leg.) nAdhair, Hugh Roe 198. 17 . gach ainiarsma da mbí i ndán dó féin ó thosach a gheineaṁna go síorraidhe tre ṡaoghal na saoghal, TSh. 72. 18 . Further instances Acall. 6876 . Miscell. Celt. Soc. 150. 23 . SG 65. 45 ; 234. 5 . RC xiii 222. 39 . Aen. 84 , 93 . Gadelica ii 93 . 8. OCL 6 . BS § 76. 2 .—The following examples do not involve the sense of fate or destiny: na cóicedaig archena do ṡuidiugad amail robuí a ndán do chách, FDG 203 . do Luaighni atá i ndán in tres, Fianaig. 68. 11 . dobhraith cách uili den láiṁ (leg. d'ēnláimh) go bfuil caphair a ndán dí, Ériu vi 128. 6 f.b. , ZCP x 371 tárla a ndán di teagṁáil aran gcuid don ṁachaire noch fa le Boas it was her hap Ruth ii 3 .

(c) beith doendán i cenn oppose together, be on the same side against; the same as beith doenláim i cenn, as is evident from the passage LB 140 a 15 : co ndernsat caratrad do beth doeṅdán i cend Aristobuil...o rabtar oentadaig dénlaim i cend A. &c. Developed from sense IV.

MOD. dán (Connaught also nán, nnán, abstracted from i ndán), gen. dáin (dána obs.), n pl. dáin and dánta, d pl. usually dánaibh, a song. fear dáin a poet : is mór an fear dáin docheapadh é (Kerry). i ndán (with tá) fated, in store ; also able to: níl tú i ndán anacht id ṡuidhe ( Finck ii 99. 6 ); cf. Acall. 2396 : ní raibhi a ndán dúinne a marbad we could not kill it (sc. the monster). In the sense of I-II, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII (a) and (c), dán is now obsolete, and in the sense of III words like amrán, dúan, laíd are now more usual.

Compd.: ós cech dándíne drong trén 'over every gifted host of strong bands', SR (Greene) 6703 .

dechnad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dechnad or dil.ie/14897
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: deach-móir, ndech-mór, deach-breacht, dech-mbic, dechnad, decnad, deacnad, dechnaid, deacnaid, dechn-, deachn-, decn-, dech-, deach-, dechnadha, dechnaidi, dechnad, dechnad, dechnaid, dechnada, dechnadaib, dechnada, dechnad, carr-dechnad, leth-d., med-d., snéd-d.

n u, later ā. A certain metre . Its price was five cows, BB 306 a 38 . Probably neuter: dechnad mbec IT iii 40. 25 ; 24. 25 ; 25. 17 ; 40. 17 (all from BB). ib. 40. 17 (Laud 610). dechnad mbrecht, 24. 26 ; 25. 20 (BB). d.¤ mbrechtfelesach, 9. 6 , 10 , 12 (H. 2. 12, TCD). Wrongly do deachmbreacht, 25. 20 (BB). But in the same MSS the eclipsis is frequently also omitted: d.¤ bec, 28. 15 ; 74. 1 (BB). 6. 21 ; 74. 1 (H. 2. 12). d.¤ brecht, 28. 15 (BB). 6. 21 (H. 2. 12). d.¤ debrechta, 9. 16 (H. 2. 12). 40. 22 (Laud). d.¤ dobrechta, 6. 22 (H. 2. 12). d.¤ gairet, MacCarthy 130 h (BB). In BB frequently treated as a fem.: g s. breccad decnaidi móiri, 73. 14 , 35 ; 75. 12 (but deach-móir, 24. 34 ; 25. 6 BB. d.¤ máir, 7. 6 . d.¤ brichtfelesaig, 9. 9 , H 2. 12). d s. for deach-móir , 7. 32 . a ndeach-móir, 8. 30 (but i ndech-mór , 26. 8 BB; 8. 7 , H. 2. 12. don deach-breacht , 25. 25 BB). a s. fri dech-mbic , 27. 2 f.b. ; 28. 4 .

INFLEXION: n s. dechnad, IT iii 106. 11 ( lethdechnad, ib. 13 ) LL; 40. 25 BB; 39. 19 Laud; 6. 20 ; 73. 7 ( lethdechnad, 6. 21 ; 8. 9 ), H 2. 12 . decnad, 6. 21 (thrice), H 2. 12 . deachnad, 39. 19 BB. deacnad, 24. 24 BB. dechnaid frequent in BB and Laud: 40. 3 (lethdechnaid); 40. 8 , 17 , 22 Laud. 40. 17 ; 73. 7 , 14 BB. deacnaid, 24. 26 , 29 BB. Abbreviated: dechn-, 25. 20 ; 28. 15 ; MacCarthy 130 h , BB. 6. 22 , H 2. 12. deachn-, 25. 1 , 2 , 10 , 17 , 23 , 24 BB. decn-, 73. 7 ; 74. 1 BB. 6. 21 , H 2. 12 . dech-, 28. 15 BB. 6. 22 ; 8. 5 , 6 ; 9. 6 , 10 , 12 , 16 ; 73. 14 ; 74. 1 , H. 2. 12. deach-, 24. 25 , 35 BB. —g s. dechnadha, BB 306 a 38 . dá chenél dechnada móir, 39. 20 Laud. dechnada máir, 7. 6 , H. 2. 12. láncuibdi dechbrichtfelesaig, 9. 9 , H. 2. 12. dá chenél deachmóir, 24. 34 BB. deliugud deachmóir, 25. 6 BB. dechnaidi: decnaidi móiri, 73. 35 BB. decn-i móiri, 73. 36 BB. decn-i cumaisc, 75. 12 BB. Here also 73. 24 : brecad dechmór .i. inso (móri leg.), H. 2. 12. d s. dechnad: i ndechmár, 8. 7 , 8 , H. 2. 12. i ndeachmór, 26. 8 BB. don deachbreacht, 25. 20 , 25 BB. deachn-, 25. 6 , 12 BB. fem. dechnaid: don deacnaid, 25. 26 BB. a ndeachmóir, 8. 30 BB. for deachmóir, 7. 32 BB. a s. dechnad m., dechnaid f.: amail deachncumaisc, 25. 21 BB. fri dechmbicc, 27. 2 f.b. ; 28. 4 BB. n p. dechnada: it dechnada uile, 22. 16 , H 2. 12, BB. na deachnada so, 7. 26 BB. d p. dechnadaib: dona dechnadaib, 73. 6 ; 78. 7 BB.

ORIGIN: Gen. dechnada (never dechanta) points to a cpd.; cf. the u- stems cétnad, sétnad (occasionally eclipsing like dechnad: cétnad nimrinn, IT iii 53 § 97 n. 1 . c. naisi, ib. § 98 . setnad mbecc, ib. 20. 13 ). The original meaning of dechnad being obscure, no certain etymology can yet be given. Possibly a cpd. of deach `verse-foot, &c.' with nath .i. ainm coitchenn dona huilib aistib, Corm. (u- stem: LL 386 a 8 . BB 302 b 4 . 303 b 42 , and probably masc.). Dech- cpd. form of deäch as ern- of iarn.

The metrical treatises in BB mention no less than thirteen metres of this name, v. IT iii p. 173 .—COMPD. carr-dechnad, leth-d.¤ , med-d.¤ , snéd-d.¤ , v. IT iii p. 172 sq. —Obs.

dísert

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dísert or dil.ie/16806
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: díserta, disirt

n o, n. (but g s. díserta, MacCongl. 75.27 , 85.25 ), (Lat. dēsertus) solitary place, hence retreat, asylum, hermitage: disiurt .i. disertus locus .i. roboth and riam cia roderacht nunc it was formerly inhabited though now deserted, Corm. Y 433 . ro gabus . . . a ndisert sa, LU 1221 ( Imr. Brain ii 286 ). d.¤ mbec aigi hermitage, MR 10 . atá and beos d.¤ for leic Patraic hermitage (?), place of pilgrimage (?), Trip.² 858 . doc[h]umm in díserta ó tudchad-sa, .i. dísert ind F[h]áthlegai 'retreat in the wilds', MacCongl.² 894 . ba hamra in disiurt i mbadus ann, 87 . co ndarda nach nd.¤ dún sund corrabam i n-ar n-ailithre and some retreat (said by clerics of a nobleman who entertains them on their way to Rome), LL 281a46 . is ē doroindi, a betha do chindead don Choimdid na ndūla, ┐ tuc Bran dissert beac do andsin, YBL 208b16 . taít limsa dom disiurt, LU 1216 ( Imr. Brain ii 285 ). ic Disiurt Tola, AU 1056 . isind disirt i mbiatt in the retreat where they live (of nuns), Mon. Tall. 151 . cu feotar ina dísirt la Mochtae, ZCP viii 106 . g s. abbas disirt Teornoc, AU 818 . Dub dissirt, Rawl. 155a39 . Colum in disirt, 92c39 . Tír an Dísirt, BColm. 56 . i firdorus disirt ind Faithlegai, MacCongl. 119 . for dorus diserta ind Fhathlega, 85 . doc[h]umm in diserta, 75 . ord disirti the Cistercians, ALC i 518.14 . Common in place-names, see Hog. Onom.

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