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aurrae, aurrad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aurrae, aurrad or dil.ie/5034
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: aurrai, urra, orra, earra, urradh, orradh, earradh, urrada, urrad, urradha, urraidhe, uraidhe

n t, m., also o.

Not freq. in the earliest texts. Oldest ex. prob. aurrai (sic MS), Críth G. 457 , where used in the apparently secondary sense of leader, chief . If the form aurrad is old it could be < *ar-fo-rath, cf. deorad < *di-fo-rath, with which it is frequently contrasted in legal texts (thus Wortk. viii § 175 ). But derived by Binchy from 1 ráth ZCP xxxiii 88 . The inflexion and meaning are against treatment of aurrae as vn. of a compd. of renaid. urra, orra, earra f., IGT Decl. § 7 . urradh, orradh, earradh m., § 11 . Also with n s. -aid, Ir. Gl. 304 , Tec. Corm. § 31.17 (?), Ériu i 126.12 , Cog. 118.16 . g s. urrada, O'Curry 630 ( H 3.18, 364 ). urrad, ACL iii 228.74 . n p. urradha, AFM v 1654.5 , Cog. 206.21 . urraidhe, TSh. 71 . g p. uraidhe, BNnÉ 318 n.18 . Note also d. sg. uirridh, Celtica xxi 8 .

(a) person who is native within the bounds of a `fine', `túath' etc. , person whose protection and rights have been vouchsafed Wortk. viii § 175 , ZCP xxxiii 88 , as oppd. to `deorad'; native freeman, landowner, person of standing: indigena .i. urraidh, Ir. Gl. 304 . isiat na hurraidh atbeir and:—fir aen eirce, no aencriche, no cid lucht aen choicid ar meadhon dia cheile . . . ┐ dia mbedis fo smacht aen rig . . . asiad na deoraid, na cuigeadhaidh dia cheile, O'Curry 2011-2 (H 4.22, p. 34). mad mac imurro berus cetmuindtir do urradh is dilus da trian na n-orba sa do, uair berait mic na nurrad cinaid `because the sons of native freemen bear (i.e. pay for) liabilities', Laws iv 44.17 Comm. beirid cach dibad ┐ cinaid araili amuil cach nurraid, 42.z Comm. muinter Cennansa erraid deoraid, Misc. Arch. Soc. 128.3 (`both natives and pilgrims?' Plummer MS notes). ro edpairset . . . disiurt Choluim Chille . . . do deoradaib craidbechaib . . . cen seilb ṅdilis do nach erraid ann trea biuthu, 130.7 . urraid cách co fócra, Tec. Corm. § 31.17 . do maccaib deórad . . . do maccaib aurrad (urradh v.l. St.), TBC-LL¹ 19 . bud aurchur deoraid sin ┐ ni ba hicht urraid, 1289 . dligid Ū Gusān cáin a deorad ┐ lethc[h]āin urrad ó ríg Midhi, BColm. 64.26 . maccaib sceo ingenaib deoraid aurraid láichaib, LL 215a25 . ag dícendadh urradh ┐ easurradh na ccendtar . . ., AFM v 1698.2 . a thermainn toghaide d'fagbáil 'ga nurradhaibh ┐ 'ga noighredhaibh iomcuibhde dia éis, BNnÉ 264 § 225 . teagh ríogh Chruachan cuma a luadh / is (um, as, MSS) nach uathadh urra um Aodh, DDána 119.23 . idir urra is anurraidh `both freemen and wanderers', TD 16.53 . na huaisle ┐ na hurraidhe gentry, TSh. 71 . Attrib. g s. fer iar n-iocc recht (? secht) cumal urraid .i. in deora frecair, Laws v 185 n. c . aire urraid, O Cl. 959 (H 3.18, 413b) `a native noble', Plummer MS. notes. gataide urrada . . . g. deorada, 630 (ib. 364 ).

(b) leader, chief: ríi buiden, cid ara n-eperr side? airindí as n-a.¤ dá buiden nó theora mbuiden, secht cét cacha buidne, Críth G. 457 . bassa hurræ alma, Imr. Brain ii 288.32 (Laud 610 f. 102a) = bá-sa thóisech-sa do almaib, 21 ( LU 1274 ). torcrattar . . . ceithre hurradha gall, Cog. 206.21 . catluan catha ┐ urraidh ┐ airsid ímbualta, BB 490b47 . mac ógh-Mhuire is urra dhún, A. Ó Dálaigh v 4 . má tá tusa . . . / it urradh gliadh, Content. xxvii 11 . go reich urra a n-eadrána `until their defender come', TD 17.16 . ceann urraid soighdiúiridhe . . . Séamus, Párl. na mB. 173 . a bheith na chenn don Presptri ┐ na urruigh mhóir dona chovinentears, Rel. Celt. ii 178.33 .

(c) surety, guarantor (`?because only a native landowner could act as such. Cf. trebaire', Plummer MS. notes): ro gap F. ratha et urradha ar M. im na comhadaibh, TBC-LL¹ p. 461 n.2 . dona hurradhaibh fuair Adamnan na mná do shaoradh . . . Moshacra i.e. that M. was one of the guarantors A. got to secure the freedom of women, Mart. Don. Jan. 8 . iarrois a fiacha ar a urrad (translating debitor), Aisl. Tond. 120 § 2 . ro luaidhedh siothchain . . . gan urradha gan árach, AFM vi 1988.16 . bíaidh agamsa ina earruidh / mac Donnchaidh Í degCealluigh, IGT Decl. ex. 291 . sgéal gan urra unsupported, Aithd. D. 32.27 . urra an sgeóil `the hero of the story', TD 24.19 . bhíos durraigh ar son fhíach, Proverbs xxii 26 (`that are sureties for debts'). ós urra gan bhaoi gan ionamhus inn, Ó Bruad. ii 170.12 . urra an chonnartha is fearr, Hebrews vii 22 . ni abair an biobla amhluidh, no aonurradh, no aonughdaras nach breugach any authority, Luc. Fid. 5864 . uisge is teine mhór / 's urradh badh lór leat (of brewing ale) `materials' (Gloss.), Measgra D. 8.40 .

With FRI (RE): cia as earradh re hionnramh gcáigh? O'R. Poems 1551 . tapoir urra damhsa risna comhadha re geallois a Mheadhbh, ZCP x 277.33 . dá mbeith Dia ag cuma fa cheart / cia bhus urra re h-imtheacht?, DDána 23.1 . mairg as urra re héacht ríogh `it is a grave thing to be responsible for (ordering) a king's exploit,' Aithd. D. 59.1 .

With gen. of vn., used of a person who can effect the action of the vn.: fá tú urra m'anacuil you were the one who could protect me, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 334.3 . urra a ndīona ar Danaruibh, ZCP ii 339.25 . urra ar sásaidh-ne is sé sin, DDána 20.29 . tú urra cobhartha cáigh the certain help of all, 19.15 . níbu hurra deabhtha ad dhál he will be no match for you in contest, O'R. Poems 1818 .

1 doirb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 doirb or dil.ie/17929

 

Forms: duirb, doirbh, dhoirbh

adj ( du-ṡrib, Wortk. 135 ) duirb, YBL 191a40 .

(a) hard, difficult: (superl.) issed as doirbem gl. difficillima, Sg. 168a1 . ba d.¤ dofhaisnesi do dóinib túarascbāil . . . do thabairt it would be hard for mere men, Fianaig. 96.26 . is d.¤ do Ghuairiu a chreitem, SG 54.30 . ni d.¤ la nnech a tabairt anyone can understand it, gl. nullam difficultatem, Ml. 42c13 . in ní as doirbh le dáinibh is soirbh le Dia what men find hard God finds easy, SG 19.32 . doirb da (= do) tregan, atāi in gach aird it is hard to leave (get away from) thee, ACL iii 235 § 27 . cor doirbh a thecht la mēt a tuile (of crossing a river), CCath. 454 . doirbh anfhlaith dhíobh do dhéinimh it is hard to make them out usurpers, Content. v 111 . doirbh an dáil, DDána 29.20 .

(b) hard to bear, trying, adverse: doirbh sore, sharp , Eg. Gl. 224 . ? ibait deoga duirbbi fola, TBC-LL¹ 5846 = ibaib dagda doirp a fuile, TBC-I¹ 3449 . Guas cēili Cuain . . . a nnúaill nirbo dodaing doirb, LL 140a47 . ba doirbh (doilig, v.l.) leisna hoccaibh ele an laogh do chaithemh the other youths were aggrieved that the calf was eaten, BNnÉ 4.10 . roghabh baisded . . . ┐ ba d.¤ la gentiu sin the heathen were annoyed at that, Marco P. 16 . an tan dochonnairc Rígh M. an cath ro-dh.¤ that the battle was too sore, 2 Kings iii 26 . is doirbh an smacht don té thréigios an tṡlighe correction is grievous, Proverbs xv 10 . go fuil blodh dib co soirb . . . da dainib maithi ┐ blodh co d.¤ . . . da drochdainib unfavourable (of planets), Ir. Astr. Tr. 70 . tria shligt[h]ibh doirpe docomhlacha, Fl. Earls 80.26 . go n-abhainn ndocomhlaigh ndoirp, 90.7 . ceithre bliadhna doirbe dēg inauspicious , MS. Mat. 568 . gach beirt doirbh dhar hinnleadh air | soirbh do imreadh na haghaidh vexatious (ill-natured?), Arch. Hib. i 91 . gáirleog dhoirbh pungent , Keat. Poems 1246 . As subst.: go mbedís Burcaigh in gach áit do dhoirbh ar Bháiréadachuibh `as plagues to the Barretts', Hy Fiach. 338.7 .

(c) Of persons hard to please; dissatisfied, discontented (?): trí chaogad éiceas, doirbh dāmh, Oss. v 44 . brain doirbi ` ravenous ', MR 120 . dobheir mé duilbhir doirbh, Ériu i 95 § 50 . nach dleaghair do neach bheith doirbh fa thoil nDé do choimhlíonadh, TSh. 8593 . do bhí Dáibhi doirbh displeased , 2 Samuel vi 8 .