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ad-gair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-gair or dil.ie/453
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: ad-gaur, adgair, adgair, -acair, atgairith, adgairet, -acrait, adgairther, -agarthar, -acarthar, -acarar, -agartar, -acair, ad-gaura, -acrai, -aigera, -aicerat, -aigérthar, ad-gérad, adobragart, adrograd, agartha, acrae, acraid

v ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 533 ). Forms: Indic. pres. 1 s. ad-gaur, Thes. ii 228.30 (PCr.). adgairim, LU 10289 . 2 s. adgair, Laws ii 118.24 . 3 s. adgair, Laws v 100.21 . -acair, Laws i 102.x . 2 pl. atgairith, Wb. 9c22 . 3 pl. adgairet, O'Dav. 136 . -acrait, Laws v 118.10 . Pass. sg. adgairther, Críth G. 61 . -agarthar, Cóic Con. 29 § 12 . -acarthar, Ériu xvi 181 § 20 . -acarar, Ériu ii 206 § 26 . Pl. -agartar, Cóic Con. 29 § 12 . Ipv. 2 s. -acair, KMMisc. 262.13 . Subj. pres. 3 s. ad-gaura (ad-gara v.l.), Anecd. iii 26.6 . -acrai (acro, v.l.), 22.22 . Fut. 3 s. -aigera, Laws i 272.11 Comm. 3 pl. -aicerat, Laws i 116.26 Comm. Pass. sg. -aigérthar, MR 294.2 . Condit. 3 s. ad-gérad, Ériu xvii 70 § 13 . ( Laws iv 220.7 ). Perf. 3 s. adobragart, Wb. 19b5 . Pass. sg. adrograd, Wb. 3c22 .

Verbal of necess. agartha, O'D. 546 (H 3.17, 436).

Vn. acrae.

Later as simple vb. acraid. IGT Verbs § 47 .

(a) adgaur no duttluchur gl. conuenio, Thes. ii 228.30 ( PCr. 60a5 ). adgairim firu chóicid Chonchobair immá rig, LU 10289 . is and adragart Sencha . . . ``na curid cor díb'' or se called out(?), IT i 67.9 . adrograd cath uadib impu battle was offered(?), LL 22531 ( Dinds. 158 ). doberthar in cath acruim `the battle will be fought which I proclaim', Fen. 376.19 .

(b) sues, prosecutes, impleads, accuses: ní dilgaid a n-ancride dogníther frib act atgairith `but ye complain of it (i.e. make it a cause of action)', Wb. 9c22 . sech ni acrathar ni tacrathar `neither suit nor levy is made against them' Ériu xvi 181 § 20 . deoraid bis for snadugh ni acuir ni acurthur i.e. he has no ordinary legal status O'D. 48 (H 3.17, c.43). fer adgair ┐ adgairther, Triads 161 . ni agarur nach cintuch acht do roith logh fiach adroillithur, Laws ii 14.y . ni agraid filidh acht fioruibh fer fatha, Ériu xiii 17.26 . a[i]r ad-gérad cách di threbairi mani dénta[e] ruidles de `for everyone would sue on the ground of the owner's responsibility', Ériu xvii 70 § 13 ( Laws iv 220.7 ). is co nog-dire . . . atgairter `it is impleaded with full díre', Ériu xii 83.23 . nach coimdedh beas mo logh ne[i]ch adgair fri hinbleoghuin of that which he claims against the surety-kinsman, Laws ii 14.19 . in file . . . acras in mhed na dlighenn, i 58.17 Comm. is e in lin coibdelach acerus in rath, ii 208.25 . curub grad sechta ac aidbred a sét ac duine is isli inás ┐ curab nech ni adagara, O'D. 1632 (H 5.15, 17). is ed adgair o rigaib `this is what he sues from kings', Laws v 100.21 . ite cealla ind-so o nach acrait airchindig a leasa, inge ma deoru De atgaru uadaib ar etgo i n-eclais De, 118.10 . rohagrad Cúchulaind annsin ó Ultaib C. was then sued by the Ulstermen, Ériu i 126.1 . re foraithmet na fala ro haccradh etorra that was a matter of dispute AFM vi 2266.6 . aigeóraidh sé an domhan, John xvi 8 . dá n-agra coir 'n-ar gcoinne / tagra ni fhoil agoinn-ne if thou urgest sin against us, DDána 25.4 . . . . dá ngéar-agra / an troigh 'san taobh `if Thou bringest against me the wounding of Thy foot and side', Dán Dé xvi 15 . d'éigsibh Éireann is anait / ionnmhus dā n-agraid Bréithnigh if the men of B. should demand wealth, O'R. Poems 2054 . agrais Muire . . . / mar nar dhiúlt dí o thosach he implored Mary, A. Ó Dálaigh l 28 .

(c) Various: adobragart gl. [quis] uos fascinauit [non obedire ueritati], Wb. 19b5 . ( Galatians iii 1 ) leg. fascenauit 'he [the Devil] has seduced you ' Ogma 239 , 'bewitched' LOIG 39 . In phrases, a.¤ x imm y sues x for y: mas a naenfecht ro hacrad he im fiach a laime, Laws iii114.z . créad an chóir . . . fa n-aguir inis Alban, TD 24.4 . a.¤ x i(n-) y: nech donair for imdecht . . . cén mbes sorchu al-lá ní hacarar ind he is not sued for it, Ériu ii 206 § 26 . ná hagair inn sa gcánaidh, DDána 24.24 . do agradaois a ghaol isan gcion `they would sue his kin for the crime', Keat. i 68.16 . agraim ad ghealladh thú I earnestly beseech you in virtue of your promise, Mac Aingil 320 . aigéoram in gach gellad dibh-sin é, BCC 116.33 . a.¤ x for y sues y in the matter of x: sechipe tra adgaura in cain-si in domnaig gid fora athuir, Anecd. iii 26.6 . co nderna cert frit do neoch adgair fair `in what thou suest him for', Laws ii 118.24 . ni acuir in fechiumh for in cintuch in aithghin, 16.9 Comm. ná hacair for cill (chill v.l.) `do not sue the clergy', KMMisc. 262 § 15 . nī ba hē cētní aicēras demon form-sa īar n-dul anúnd, MacCongl. 25.3 . in adbaid a naigérthar uirre a h-uilc (of the soul) MR 294.2 . ni h-anagra acht fir flatha agairther oirne, 160.11 . mairg ar a n-aigeora a ḟuil, Aithd. D. 68.12 . agraigh sé orra a choingheall `forces his terms upon them', Content. v 102 . agrais E. . . . / a chunnradh ar Coin gCuluinn, DDána 82.24 . do agair a fhīch ┐ a aimréir ar Ulltaibh vented his anger on, ML² 1199 . mun agaradh a fhuaith ar bhoin `unless he vented his hatred on a cow', Ó Bruad. iii 170.12 . looks after, tends (cf. ar-gair): i tig fir adgair búar maige Tethrai, Comp. CC 26 § 17 . ni tualaing ben ro-ria ni sech oen a cenn: ada-gair a athair i-mbe (leg. mbi) ingen . . . ada-gairet a mme[i]cc i-mbi be clainne .i. urgairid a athair hi ínas (leg. anas) ingen do hi her father looks after her when she is a maiden (un married), Ir. Recht 35 § 38 . forbids, prevents: rafetarsa as peccad comaccobor hore adrograd gl. nam concupiscentiam nesciebam nisi lex diceret: non concupisces ( Romans vii 7 ), `I know that concupiscence is sin because it has been forbidden', Wb. 3c22 . adgairet .i. urgairet, ut est dechmada ┐ primiti ┐ almsana argairet ré cuaird dunebath i.e. tithes etc. prevent the plague, O'Dav. 136 .

ainmmnigud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainmmnigud or dil.ie/1477
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: ainmniochadh

u, m. vn. of ainmmnigid. ainmniochadh, IGT Verbs § 106 .

(a) act of naming: ind ainmnigthe inna persine, Sg. 197b10 . inne ainmmnichthe, 4b4 . nert n-ainmnichthæ pronominis hi cetni persin brethre `the force of naming a pronoun (is) in the first person of a verb', 215a9 . tresin n-a.¤ sin, 59b18 . ainmnigud . . . folaid, 30d5 . With do-beir: doratad int ainmnigud hisin donaib cenélaib `appellation', Ml. 37a16 . With ó: conid uad . . . / gabsat Ulaid ainmnigod, LL 2357 . uadh do iarr a hainmneaghadh, DDána 107.27 . cia harg ó fúair ainmnigod?, Metr. Dinds. ii 42.8 . co ndleagar gach uile ésga a ainmneochan ón mí ana críchnaidter é, O'Gr. Cat. 305.z . With A: dar fhuilngiobhar ar n-óraige asuibh d'ainmniughadh to name my golden work after you, Aithd. D. 19.1 . With DO: donaib clúassaib . . . ind a.¤ sin, Sg. 50a19 . ar sean-ainmniugad sloindti d'fearaib E., MR 144.17 . rigi Condacht d'ainmneochad d'Eochaid the kingship of C. was assigned to E., Ériu ii 182.2 .

(b) act of mentioning : ar n-óentu iar mbēs, iar mbruth, | bīd do grēs ar n-anmnigud 'our union according to habit, to fury, let it be continuously mentioned', SR (Adam and Eve) 34.1175 . urad ┐ a ainmniughadh '(which ought not to be) as much as named', Donlevy 164.10 .

(c) denomination, designation : cach dúil dona-raba ainmniugud isna bérlaib ailib ar-íchta ainmnigthi dóib isin Goídilc 'every element which had no designation in the other languages, designations were found for them in Irish', Auraic.² 48 § 1,17 . secht n-ainmnigthi cell `seven denominations of churches', Laws v 120.1 Comm.

Gramm. nominative case: in fer a ainmniugud, Auraic. 799 , 1517 .

airchenn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airchenn or dil.ie/1702
Last Revised: 2013

adj o, ā (cenn)

(a) certain, fixed, definite: olais airchenn teicht do écaib `since going to death is certain', Thes. ii 296.9 . hūasal trínóit donfosca / do nāch airchenn bás baile, 351.1 (Hy. vi). an no bíth aircind (.i. fircinnte) doib, ACL iii 12 § 18 . inti omba irchend ar n-áilgius (of Colum Cille), LU 593 . is todochaide n-airchend ind esergi fein, 2614 . ar in mbās is airchionn do gach aon, Fl. Earls 156.4 . aircheann .i. fir-chinnte, O'Cl. In phrase is a.¤ (folld. by dependent clause): is airchen á buid `it is certain that it is', Wb. 11d3 . ar is airchenn ṁbes salt `it is certain that there should be a leap', Thes. ii 10.3 (BCr.). ar ni ha.¤ combat commeti ule cuirp na esergi, LU 2546 . cid airchind beth inti connaigi-siu i comḟocus, TBC-LL¹ 1735 . is airchind ni ruc buáid na bissech doib, 4407 . acht cid airchind ra-bétis eich bad luaithiu ná eich Conaill and, CRR 42 § 36 . ( LL 176a26 ). noco n-a.¤ bar mbeith uili d'áeneolus tre bithu, Mer. Uil. 132 . dia ind laithi airchinn the end of the fixed period, Laws v 370.13 Comm. i forus aidche naircinne, ii 124.18 Comm. iar na clos do Bioth . . . gorbo haircend co ttargadh dile for an ccruinde, Leb. Gab.(i) 8 § 9 . bíathad airchenn fixed refection i.e. the annual food-rent (bés tige) due from every base client to his lord in return for his fief, see Críth G. p. 75 : a chóic céli gíallnai dligid bíathad n-airchenn do cach áe, 332 . sét cach céili dia ndlig bíathad n-airchenn (-cinnai, -cenncai v.ll. ), 380 . ?Adv. techt co hairchend for cind Phoir directly, straight ahead , Alex. 609 . = techta ar ecin, IT ii2 99 .

As subst. certainty, destiny: a n-airchend fil ar ar cinn `the end which awaits us', Ériu i 68.12 (airchinn?). as airchend ar-da-tá mani dernat aithrige, Rawl. B. 512, 44b1 . limit, end: on fri haírchenn a fixed-term loan, Laws v 368.9 . résiu tí aircheand na nomaighi, O'Curry 1879 ( RIA 23 P 3 , 21(23)a ). ?aircenn muid (aircheimniugud, aircennmuig v.l.) di lebuir no do legund `a fixed measure of labour or reading', Ériu vii 138.25 = mad (mod v.l.) airchiund dia laubuir ┐ ernaigti, 172.18 .

(b) prominent, leading: ? drong nairitcda naircend, O'D. 2191 (Nero A vii, 133b). Superl.: honaib toisechaib .i. hua neuch as aircendam ┐ as erríndem cecha soinmige gl. prioribus `from what is first and highest of every prosperity', Ml. 56b22 .

(c) chaste : ro coiglestar Dilgud Grinde ingin n-aircind fris sin '"Dear Word of Exactness" has thought of, with regard to that, a chaste young female (or bird?)' Peritia iii 449.11 . act ænairceand i naidhchib tectaibh 'aside from one chaste (woman) on lawful nights' CIH vi 2337.17 , Peritia iii 452 . iar nendgus airchend 'according to chaste innocence' CIH vi 2212.28 , Peritia iii 452 . As subst. leader, chief: ardon-bath ba ar n-a.¤ adlicen .i. atbath oronn inti o mba a.¤ ar n-ailgius dligthech . . . nó inti bá a.¤ fri airchisecht ar n-adlice atbath, ACC § 14 ( RC xx 162 ). Also airdchenn (perh. ard + c.): M. . . . airchend iarthair Eorpa, Mart. Don. 294.17 = airdcenn, AFM ii 1084.2 . comad é . . . budh toisech ┐ bud airdceand don lucht ele dib, Grail 1659 . cumal gacha graid . . . iar n-enngus ┐ oirceand .i. ar a beth a nglaine co fircinte, Laws v 24.1 Comm.

Cf. airchinn.

airgnatu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airgnatu or dil.ie/2057

n (airgnae) conspicuousness: amal mbes aurgnatu in baill isin duiniu . . . is fai bíth ind éraic (e.g. a wound on the face as oppd. to one hidden by clothing), Corm. Bodl. 24.29 = airgnacht, Thr. Ir. Gl. 33.16 .

1 bés

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bés or dil.ie/5755
Last Revised: 2013

n (Cf. Hiberno-Latin bes(s)us Latin Letters in Early Christian Ireland xii 207 ). u, m. b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 95.

(a) habit, custom, usual procedure, practice; manner, way: ni fil linn in béesso gl. consuetudinem non habemus, Wb. 11c21 . iudide ó béssaib, 10d35 . ithæ inso bésse inna fedb `these are the manners of the widows', 29a3 . ishé didiu a mb.¤ adi intí diib bes tresa orcaid alaile gl. more uiuitur bestiarum, Ml. 19d6 . ón bes dóindu gl. homano more, 51d25 . iarsin bǽs doindu, 127d15 . bithbethu iar ṁbes for Dé deis according to custom, SR 1497. modh (ón bh.¤), IGT Decl. § 95 (127.9) . b.¤ modh o eincheill araen (v.ll.), ib. n. 7 . cach cenél dib cona deilb ┐ cona bes ┐ cona aicned foleith (of animals), Ériu ii 126 § 89. gach béas ban da, DDána 114.30 . b.¤ duine dhubhaigh likeness , IGT Decl. ex. 1089. is bes tra . . . briathra na salm . . . do erlabrai ánd `it is customary', Ml. 26c6 . isse a bees . . . fogeir a nggalar in uile corp the disease is wont to inflame etc., Thes. ii 245.33 (Cambr.). is béss didu ind liacc benir (sic leg., note) ilbeim friss, Wb. 4d15 . isé b.¤ ind fir se marbad a óeged, Thes. ii 323.13 (Hy. iv Comm.). With DO: is bées . . . donaib dagforcitlidib molad ingni inna nétside, Wb. 11b6 . is b.¤ tra dosom anisiu, 22c10 . is bes do som tra buith cen chomaccomla, Ml. 28d6 . is b.¤ duibsi . . . ní réidid it is not your wont to drive, LU 5093 ( TBC-I¹ 607 ). is béas don bhláth machuire the field is natural to the flower, DDána 7.3 . With LA and OC: is b.¤ leosom in daim do thúarcuin, Wb. 10d6 . is bǽs linni epert gl. nobis moris est dicere, Ml. 30c3 . ar ba bes la suidib .u. tar hesi ṅí , Sg. 4a9 . ba b.¤ oc Rómanachaib, etc., PH 3291. ní béas eilte d'éis a laoigh / agam I do not practise the habit of a doe bereft of its fawn, DDána 69.25 .

In prep. phrases: (ó) b.¤ , (ó) bésaib: trebait isin cathraig . . . o b.cethecailsi na n-apstal in the Catholic manner of . . ., Anecd. iii 69.25 . Cf. bés (cen bes, v.l.) mora, Lament 88 § 1 . étiud bān bēsaib srotha `white raiment after the fashion of an elder', Ériu ii 66 § 13. ni bia o besaib mogha, Laws iv 16.23 . See Celtica vi 234.z. fo b.¤ : fo b.¤ srotha luaith `in the manner of a swift stream', Wb. 32c16 .

(b) In more specialized sense (particularly in pl.) moral(s), good behaviour: ar chuit óisa et bésa, Wb. 28d24 . cid maith a b.¤ oca thig his conduct, TFerbe 521 . riaglóir . . . / conoathar b.¤ `who preserves good manners' (in a monastery), Ériu iii 106 § 43. intamlid a béssu, Wb. 9a14 . asbera frib coteeet mo béssise gl. uias meas, 9a17 . bési nodaberat inæclis, 28d26 . inna mbéso (`rather bése,' note) sainemlae gl. morum, Ml. 30d15 . ar indí atreba bésu aristotil, Sg. 33a29 . cen buaidred ar do béssaib `no deterioration in thy conduct', PH 7552. do bhéasa ód óige = thy manner, Jeremiah xxii 21. ar bhéasaibh ná ar mhíbhéasaibh, DDána 120.29 .

(c) Legal customary (annual) (food-) rent (glossed biad uais, Laws ii 222.14 Comm.), tribute, etc. (see ZCP xiv 340.19 , Críth G. p. 75 , PRIA xxxvi C 283.25 ): sudiges bēs foruib nō cacht (etymol. of forbasach), Corm. Y 658. turcrec cacha besa of every annual rendering of tribute (Thurn.), ZCP xiv 341 § 3a . ná[d] fuiln(g)e a b.¤ tar molt cona ḟosair. Ma ḟorbera folud a thige . . . co mbí b.¤ a thige and íarna míad, Críth G. 80 , 83 . do berthar boin cech lis a Mumain duit . . . acht na derntar bes de, RC xliii 16 § 10. fri comus a mbesa ┐ a císa doib `to assess their tributes and taxes', Ériu xii 162 § 2. v. tricha in rig do ┐ cis ┐ bes do estib `rent and tribute for the five King's Cantreds', Ann. Conn. 1235.19 . See airchenda

Note also: b.¤ gl. idioma, Ml. 51c25 , 62d8 . dun b.¤ ebraidiu gl. Ebreco idiomati, 71c11 . anat n-uaibrigthi in bæsai cosecarthi gl. ritibus sacris, 100c16 .

Compds. bésgnethid gl. morigera, Thes. ii 3.29 . trisin ṁbæstindrim gl. per tropologiam, Ml. 41a2 . 48c11 .

1 cobach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cobach or dil.ie/9798
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: cabach

n (com + fíach, Bürgschaft 13 ). Also cabach. See also comḟíach.

(a) tribute : mat coir cobaig, inti bes coir dib, cid aonfer, ni raga fair s̄ aithgin namma; inti im̄ dian taobaither (?) asrairi boin ┐ aithgin ┐ log enech in fir roicc in boin fri rig, CIH iii 888.38 , cf. 888.36 . cobhach .i. cíos, O'Cl. tánic in rechtaire rán / . . . / do chungid chobaig, Metr. Dinds. iii 162.7 . cóeca dabach daith / do chabach, KMMisc. 272.15 . a cain ┐ a c.¤ , LU 377 (ACC). a cāin ┐ a c.¤, a cīs ┐ a mbēs , Corp. Gen. 93.30 . cen cháin ┐ cen ch.¤ ríg na rechtaire, LL 37083 . a cis ┐ a c.¤ , Lism. L. 313.33 .

(b) Legal also as nomen agentis: ma as-loa c.¤ (.i. feichem) `Kontrahent', Bürgschaft 13 § 44 . fiac[h] fir bíí eter da cobhach beoa, 15 § 51 (b) . fuircim si c.¤ lat sa armo chind i maighin an forais, 13 § 44 (cf. Ériu xvi 78 ). See 1, 2 cobthach.

dírge, dírga

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dírge, dírga or dil.ie/16725

n , f. (díriuch)

(a) act of directing; straightness, directness: cuindrigthea .i. d.¤ gl. dirigendi, Ml. 41d1 . d.¤ ┐ airdbe directing and killing, 5 . on dirgi gl. directione (telorum), 65a6 . ar lagat inna saigte ┐ ara dirgi, 80b7 . cruindæ no dirge roundness or straightness, Sg. 3b18 . ainmnigud inna dulo in dírgi the naming of the thing in directness, 76b7 . tuargaib a tech . . . co riacht a dirgi fesin, FB 28 . do phromad mo lām ┐ dīrgi (dírge, LU) mo urchair, TBC-I¹ 607 . d.¤ cech tolgdail | fri torgbáil na drumslaite, SR 4271 . cach lāimi a lāindīrgi, ACL iii 226 . cruime is goire don d.¤ erect stature, Duan. F. i 82 (Poem xxix). ni tegar on chaime cum diorgha in fhuilt muna bhogthar ar tús é, 3 C 19, 53rb 37 . lottar rempa í reidh díorgha gacha róid by each direct road, AFM vi 2098 . cach (n)dírge (lit. each directness) directly, exactly: atchonncamar in luing cach dirge da[r] n-indsaighid, Acall. 6066 . fuarattar gaeth go deghtapaidh leo gach ndírghe, BNnÉ 54.10 . imighis gacha dírgha co Beind Edair, Ériu iii 156.3 . atá tobur . . . síar cach ndírgha bruindes `due west', Dinds. i § 15 ( RC xv 282 ). síardes cech dirgi dorochair, § 160 ( ib. 278 ). sibal direach . . . siar gacha dirga ┐ soir gac[h]a dirgha, ITS xiv 48 . gan gabāil gach ndīrghe don Spāinn not to go to Spain direct, Fl. Earls 24.20 . Cf. cach ndíriuch. for dírgi in a straight course: luid Apollináris do flaith Dé for dírgi, Fél. June 4 .

(b) Fig. uprightness, righteousness: in dírgi caíngníma in righteousness of well-doing, Wb. 4d6 . on dirgi són a brithemnachtae from the rectitude of His judgement, Ml. 24a13b . Cicilia co ndirgi, Fél. Sept. 1 . d.¤ dlegar cach flathemon in sin, ZCP xi 80.14 . at maithi a chland . . . im dírgi im dretlacht, SG 84.6 . d.¤ im (in, v.l.) cach mbēs , ACL iii 317 § 56 . díorgha um ghlór `uprightness in word', Content. xiv 10 .

do-gaítha

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-gaítha or dil.ie/17718
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: dogáithaimm, dogaithaim, dogáithim, nímthogaitha, doguidtar, togoaithur, dugaithatar, honuntogaitarni, dogaitha, dungaitha, conintorgáitar, togæthar, dungaitis, dugaithfiter, dogæth, dotoghaothadh, togáes, togáethad

v ā (1 gáeth) Later as simple verb togaéthaid. deceives, dupes, ensnares, beguiles. Indic. pres. 1 s. dogáithaimm gl. illudo, Sg. 24a7 . dogaithaim gl. pellicio, 24a11 . dogáithim, 145a5 . 3 s. nímthogaitha mo chocubus my conscience deceives me not, Wb. 4b27 . Pass. s. bean doguidtar (togoaithur, v.l.) caemda `a woman who is cheated of cohabitation' (?), Laws v 292.22 (but see 2 do-goa). pl. it he sidi dugaithatar gl. qui circumveniuntur, Ml. 31c8 . honuntogaitarni gl. quo circumdamur, 32a6 . Subj. pres. 3 s. arachela nó dogaitha gl. frustretur, Ml. 31a13 . dungaitha gl. (quam) circumscribere (conatur), 28c15 . ba gáeth fri gáis ar ná rottogáitha nech i ngáis lest anyone deceive you, Tec. Corm. § 30.3 . Fut. 3 sg. togaéthfaid sochaide 'he will deceive a multitude', Brislech 17.197​ . Pass. pl. conintorgáitar gl. ut non circumveniamur, Wb. 14d27 . co ná togæthar (rotogæithadar, v.l.) ar ruiscc tre tairmdercaibh dímáinibh, Otia ii 99.27 . Impf. pl. dungaitis gl. circumvenire, Ml. 31c20 . Fut. 3 pl. dugaithfiter .i. ní berat diriug gl. fallentur, Ml. 54a26 .

Pret. and perf. 3 s. ba Cormac dogæth , IT iii 202 § 78 . nimthorgaith mo frescissiu gl. non sum frustratione deceptus, Ml. 38a13 . derb rotogaeth t'aslingge (= ro[t]togaeth), SR 3120 . íatsom dosrogáed a mbés , LU 4195 . Pass. s. mar dotoghaothadh thussa lessin mbanrīgain, Fl. Earls 224.1 . acc foraithmhet an rotogaetha[dh] lá bréccthingealltoibh, AFM vi 1998.19 . Part. togaítae. Vn. togáes, togáethad.

do-roich

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-roich or dil.ie/18386
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: toirchi, toirche, tairche, tairchi, do-m-roched, domraiched, doroichi-siu, nis-toirchi, -torche, doroich, do-da-roich, do-t-roich, torroich, doroch, do-n-roig, dom-roig, doroigh, daroigh, do-s-roaig, doroaig, doroith, droich, adroich, cos-toraich, -toraig, -toraigh, -taraigh, -tairchem, doroichet, darochet, toirchet, -toirchet, dosroic[h]edh, doroitheadh, -toirched, doroichdis, doroithdis, torus, contoros-sa, torais, do-m-roi, do-t-rói, doro, do-s-ro, dorrae, durae, tora, tor, toirset, torset, torsind, társind, thorasta, do-m-roised, do-da-roigsed, -roised, nom-thoirsed, torsed, toirsid, dorostais, do-róistis, thoirsidís, do-m-ruïs, torais, dorua, do-t-rua, do-n-rua, doforfua, dor, doroa, dorodha, doria, daria, do-t-ria, do-t-ru, doro, ni-r-tora, doroiset, doroised, doroset, dorosset, adroset, toirset, -torsit, doroisde-sa, toiristea-sa, toirsid, doraismis, do-s-roacht, doroacht, doroacht, -toracht, doroachtamar, doroachtatar, doroachtadar, doroachtar, doruachtas-[s]a, do-m-ruachtais, do-m-ruacht, doruachtamar, doruachtatar, do-bar-ruachtadar, doruachtsat, dorochtus, dorocht, durucht, dorochtamar, dorochtadar, dorochtsatar, doriac[h]tus, doriachtais, doriacht, doriachtamar, doriachtsam, doriachtatar, dorochair, dorochradar, ndrochatar, toracht, torochd, torracht, torreacht, -toirracht, torrachtatar, tarrachtatar, thorochtar, torgethar, torrgitear, dorostar, torachta, toracht, do-m-roich

v (* to-ro-saig-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 610 ). Not found in O.Ir. glosses. Ipv. 2 s. toirchi, SR 6128 ; toirche, Dinds. 68 , etc., Acall. 1744 ; tairche, RC xxiv 148 , Metr. Dinds. iii 378 . tairchi, Ériu v 223 . 3 s. do-m-roched, TBC-I¹ 754 (LU), dom-roiched, 759 ; ACL iii 232.5 ; domraiched, LL 102a17 . Acc. to Strachan, VSR 65 this form to be referred to do-reg. Cf. tairchi ┐ tair, Metr. Dinds. iii 378 . Indic. pres. 2 s. doroichi-siu, TFerbe 159 . nis-toirchi. IT i 101.8 . -torche, Anecd. v 11.29 . 3 s. doroich, LU 3542 , LL 113a10 ; do-da-roich, IT iii 41.2 . do-t-roich, Corm. Y 1082 . torroich (rel.), 1224 . doroch, BB 433b53 . do-n-roig, Fianaig. 12.6 . dom-roig, Trip.² 2835 . doroigh, Corm. Y 1049 . daroigh, BB 323a5 ( Auraic. 922 ). do-s-roaig, BB 307a25 . doroaig, Todd Nenn. 214.7 . doroith, Ériu viii 122.25 ; Stowe Gl. 49 . droich, 316 . ? adroich, Anecd. i 9.5 . cos-toraich, Ériu iv 150.29 . -toraig, LU 3578 ( SCC § 25 ); LL 147a6 , 236b20 . -toraigh, Dinds. 110 . -taraigh, ACL iii 235.10 . ? 1 pl. -tairchem, TFerbe 62 . 3 pl. doroichet, LL 281b20 , Corm. Y 434 . darochet, LL 231b9 . ni toirchet , IT i 160 . -toirchet, Rawl. 127b14 . Impf. 3 s. dosroic[h]edh, CCath. 5985 . doroitheadh, ZCP i 127.31 . -toirched, SG 81.1 . 3 pl. doroichdis, BB 39b8 . doroithdis, Lec. 371a11 .

Subj. pres. 1 s. co torus , SG 29.35 . contoros-sa, 257.8 . 2 s. co torais , Ériu vii 222 . 3 s. do-m-roi, Rawl. 107b12 = ACL iii 219 . do-t-rói, Moling § 3 . doro, Corm. s.v. rót . do-s-ro, Rawl. 83b7 ( Ériu vi 121 ). dorrae, durae, Auraic. 573 . co tora , SR 1263 ; Moling § 39 , etc. tor, Rawl. 107a37 ( ACL iii 217 ). 3 pl. dia toirset , BB 267b12 ; MR 22.8 . da torset , CRR 22 . Impf. 1 s. co torsind , LL 229a41 . dána társind , LU 9867 (do-airicc ?). 2 s. mani thorasta , SR 6321 . 3 s. do-m-roised, Ériu iv 236.23 (v.l.). do-da-roigsed (leg. -roised), Ériu ii 136 § 119 . co nom-thoirsed , SR 3115 . co torsed , LL 221b20 . toirsid, Aen. 1992 . 3 pl. riasiú dorostais , BDD § 24 = do-róistis, BDD² 232 . ni thoirsidís , BB 40a45 .

Fut. 2 s. do-m-ruïs, Fianaig. 12.18 . ni torais , Thes. ii 347.14 . 3 s. (a) dorua, LL 306a5 . do-t-rua, SR 6117 . do-n-rua, LL 83a17 ( TBC-LL¹ 3332 ); LU 9908 , etc. doforfua (= do-forrua), SR 5483 , 5487 . (b) dor, Fél. 156.34 , 76.10 ; ZCP x 288.20 ; Lism. L. 2285 ; Aen. 589 . (c) doroa, Lec. 543a18 , cf. dorodha, Laws iii 380 Comm. (d) doria, LL 301 ( SG 373.9 ). daria, LL 298b14 . do-t-ria, TBC-I¹ 2244 . Note also: do-t-ru, Ériu viii 18 § 20 . ? dó ra, vii 219 . doro, Laws i 186.22 Comm. ni-r-tora, SR 2747 ; Anecd. ii 41.19 , etc. 3 pl. doroiset, LB 251a16 . doroised, Aen. 301 . doroset, LL 298b10 , dorosset, CRR 26 . ? adroset, BB 425a6 . ni toirset , -torsit. Condit. 2 s. doroisde-sa, ZCP viii 551.13 . co toiristea-sa , BNnÉ 79 § 153 . 3 s. in toirsid , Aen. 2125 . 1 pl. doraismis, TBC-LL¹ 766 .

Pret. and perf.

(a) 1 s. do-s-roacht, TBC-I¹ 403 . doroacht, LL 125a31 ( Ériu v 208 ); Fianaig. 10.11 . 3 s. doroacht , SR 5512 , 6364 , etc. -toracht, TBC-LL¹ 1234 . 1 pl. doroachtamar, TBC-I¹ 1172 (YBL). 3 pl. doroachtatar, BDD 84 (LU). doroachtadar, AU 851 . doroachtar, TBC-I¹ 3265 .

(b) 1 s. doruachtas-[s]a, BS 96 . 2 s. do-m-ruachtais, ZCP vi 266 § 6 . 3 s. do-m-ruacht, LU 3014 ( SG 235 ); Anecd. iii 66.25 ; BColm. 60.1 , etc. 1 pl. doruachtamar, Aen. 665 . 3 pl. doruachtatar, Thes. ii 328.44 . do-bar-ruachtadar, IT ii2 228 . doruachtsat, Aen. 1784 ; Leb. Gab.(i) 10.27 .

(c) 1 s. dorochtus, YBL 57b10 . 3 s. dorocht, SR 3397 ; RC xxiv 184.14 . durucht, Todd Nenn. 172.17 . 1 pl. dorochtamar, TBC-I¹ 1172 (LU). 3 pl. dorochtadar, Lec. 301b2 . dorochtsatar, AFM ii 652.6 .

(d) Common later form: 1 s. doriac[h]tus, ZCP viii 223.25 . 2 s. doriachtais, BS 56 § 36 . 3 s. doriacht, SR 2100 ; TBC-I¹ 2346 , etc. 1 pl. doriachtamar, YBL 205b31 . doriachtsam, Aen. 619 . 3 pl. doriachtatar, TE § 3 (Eg.); MR 272.1 .

(e) 3 s. dorochair, Lec. 303b47 . 3 pl. dorochradar, Todd Nenn. 84.14 , 88.6 (forms infl. by perf. of 1 do-tuit). co ndrochatar , Dinds. 78 ( RC xv 478 ).

Prot. co toracht , SR 6816 , etc. co torochd , LL 395b21 . co torracht , Aen. 1992 . co torreacht , Ériu ii 186.22 . -toirracht, BS 36 § 26 . na torrachtatar , Laws ii 294 . co tarrachtatar , Aen. 510 . o thorochtar , Laws ii 16 Comm.

Pass. subj. pres. conna torgethar , FB § 10 . ? maine torrgitear , BB 289a47 . Fut. dorostar, TTr.² 417 .

Part. torachta? Vn. toracht. IGT Verbs §§ 19 , 52 .

I Trans. reaches, comes to: nā cotail . . . noco torais in mBruig, Ériu vii 222 . antan doriacht sé an dorus, RC xxv 394 . do neoch nā toracht ┐ nā tānic an dunad of those who had not reached or come to the camp, TBC-I¹ 3409 . co torracht mo chill, Anecd. ii 27 . dia Sathairn doruachtsat Ére, Leb. Gab.(i) 10 . doriachtadar an port, Ériu iii 170 . co torsed fuil formna fer, LL 221b20 . co toraig in laim dia luid returns to the hand that sent it (of a spear), Lec. 60a42 . With extension of meaning: cach comaithech asa tir dotroich (= do-d-.) whose land adjoins it, Corm. Y 1082 = doró chuige, LB. ni do biad doroachtamar we have not come for your food (but do perh. prep. here), TBC-I¹ 1172 . ní boi di thēte nā mellche isin domun . . . dodaroigsed that could come up to it (i.e. counter-balance it?), Ériu ii 136 § 119 . co fester cia deach dona viii ndeachaib daroigh in aisti enters into the metre, Auraic. 922 . ollbardne ┐ cach ní dodaroich that pertains thereto, IT iii 41 . With accus. of cognate meaning: ni thoirchet mo dáil adiu dí ingin come not to my tryst, IT i 160 . mani thorasta mo dáil, SR 6321 . docēin doroacht do dāil, Fianaig. 10.11 . is tailcc doroachtar rēim hi Sleamon they have pursued their course, TBC-I¹ 3265 . Attains (a goal, aim); gets, acquires: nistoirchi in muicc fon innasin, IT i 101 . figuir in popuil doroiset in eolus in rechta núi, LB 251a16 . is la rig Laichis Reta . . . a cis ┐ a mbes na vii Laiches. nistoirchet gillae rig aile . . . acht gilla rig Laiches Reta, Rawl. 127b14 . With pers. obj.: dosroacht do chluichiu ōm thaig I came to play with them, TBC-I¹ 403 . is tú doroacht it is you I came to see, Ériu v 208 . domruacht tond fri trethan tracht, LU 3014 . domrúachtais arís, ZCP vi 266 . nirtora diliu the flood will not reach us, SR 2747 . dosrocht gorta garbda, 3397 . dorocht bás an ben, Ériu iii 150 . dobarró Conchobar will come upon you, TFerbe 97 . doforfua digal, SR 5483 . do-m-roich comes to me i.e. I get, obtain: bér(a)-sa am a ndomroig I will take what comes in my way, Trip.² 2835 . do-m-roched carpat let me have a chariot, TBC-LL¹ 754 , 5952 . dotrói buaidh ┐ bennacht may . . . attend thee, Moling § 3 . dotrīa buaid ┐ bendachtain, TBC-I¹ 2244 . dotrua comarda uaim, SR 6117 . dia namtorsed do bennacht, BB 278a34 . ni sēgda in leth donroacht dinn imirgi the half . . . that has fallen to us (?), TBC-I¹ 920 . domriacht bheith gan chéill it has befallen me to be, BS 120 .

II Intrans. comes, arrives ; synon. with do-tét, q.v. Absol. or with prep.: tairche, a Meadb come, RC xxiv 148 (tair, v.l.). toirche a bainliaig, SG 132.18 , 23 . doriacht Fergus ┐ tarblaing asa charpat, TBC-I¹ 2346 . ní ricfa ni torais you will not get there nor come back, Thes. ii 347 ( Hy. v 82 Comm. ). doriachtadar Gaedil sair go Rōim, ZCP viii 115 . ni caithiub biadh co tora mo Tigerna . . . cucum, Moling § 39 . maircc costora in rí, Anecd. ii 41 . Dún Tulcha costoraich mair, Ériu iv 150 . co toracht a chend dā chūl mhēighe came off the back of his neck, Ériu iii 168 . cin nī fiastar can doroigh bloach dondi is parn how the word `bloach' is derived from `parn', Corm. Y 1049 . co toirset firu Erenn . . . don fleid, MR 22 . doró . . . dot' iontsaighidh, ZCP x 288 . tori dom imdegail | hua niamguirm Neill, ACL iii 217 . dia tora Críst do mess for bíu ┐ marbu, Ériu ii 200 = LB 203b32 . go ttorracht fo breith Mochuda submitted to M.'s judgement, BNnÉ 294 . tuirigin . . . .i. gein torracht torroich as gach aigniud i n-alaill which passes from one nature to another (of metempsychosis), Corm. Y 1224 . doro at cenn do shena thy spell will come against thee, Lism. L. 2285 . baile ina tora tond tuili, ZCP iii 228 . co toracht F. isan oirecht, RC xxvi 134 . dia torsed for cúlu if he should return, Ériu iv 142 . co torsind imṡlán ar cúlu arís, LL 229a41 ( TTr. 893 ). is at' aighedhaib minta . . . doroisdesa bur cūla dorísi, ZCP viii 551 . toirche thairis 'speak of it', Giolla Brighde 204 § 2 .

Oft. in wide sense happens, arises, appears (esp. in pret. and perf. = Lat. exstitit): Silbius ainm cach rig o sin co toracht Romail until Romulus arose (i.e. till the time of Romulus), Lec. 299b50 . ó sin amach . . . noco toracht Cáin, Metr. Dinds. i 2 . co toracht Niall, Arch. Hib. ii 50 . aga bfuil fis gach a torracht ┐ nach torracht who knows all the past and future, BNnÉ 8 . doroich dom comes to me, i.e. I get, receive: acht co tora int ubull dam, SR 1263 . doriacht saegul sír damsa, Ériu iv 132 . doriacht beim o Finn di, CF 930 . dot mac is dott úa | ríge dóib dorúa, LL 306a5 . Ochtauín . . . doruacht dó co Roim ria ré | cis óir ó gach aenduine, Lec. 46b31 . doroich lim I succeed (in), manage (to): adgladar ríg ria rígh: doroich lium a innsci, ZCP v 503 . ní mó ná imtheacht doruacht lcó an tan . . . they had scarcely got off when, AFM v 1780 . Cf. further: hi cind deich mbliadan iarsin | doriacht la Fenius Farrsaid | in berla belblasta bind, Lec. 76a18 (= do-richt la, BB 9a19 , arricht la was invented by, LL 143a33 ). atteoch in dilgidach | domroi sech iffernphein . . . co ceolaib Hiruphin that I may win past the pains of hell to the choiring of the Cherubim, ACL iii 219 = Rawl. 107b12 (impers. constr.).

III Exact sense in legal texts not clear: bó la gach mboin tsláin do raigh .i. is na sétuibh cethardha cuna torachtuin fén, 26 . eniuclann d'ic re fine ┐ a torachtuin féin ┐ muna tora, O'D. 322 ( H 3.17 250 ). torrachtain [in dire] tre aisnéis na aithgina . . . ┐ . . . doroich an aithgin, O'Curry 2622 ( Eg. 88, 53 (54)a ). doroisi in séd cetharda féin annsin ┐ ni uil acht diablad ó doroisit budein ┐ isedh sin isna sétaib diabalta cia toirsit gin co toirsit, ib. = isna sétuibh diabulta cia toirsit féin cinco toirsit, Laws ii 68.16 . do roisi a lámh uadu fo gach leith, O'Curry 2428 (33 (34)d). lan arra dosli ┐ doroisi leis an gnim do denamh, ib.

See ad-roich.

fíanda

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fíanda or dil.ie/21954

Forms: fiandu, Fiana

adj io-iā pertaining to a `fían,' warlike: luud fianna TBC-I¹ 3423 = lúth fiansa, TBC-LL¹ 5740 . fuacrais, ba fíanna in fás ... in mbés announced, it was a warlike decree [?] the levy [i.e. the Bóroma] ZCP xi 109 § 14 . v p m. a fiandu truagu!, IT ii 183.252 ( YBL 117a44 , prob. for fianna, as in BDD 141 Y). As npr. m. Fiana mac Feicine, Caithr. CC § 45 . espoc Fiannai, Lism. L. 2193 .

frithmius

Cite this: eDIL s.v. frithmius or dil.ie/24513

(mess) n u, m.

(a) a counter-judgement; doubt, apprehension: ci o morfrithmius (gl. quantoque de futuris suspicio) Ml. 96b10 .

(b) a valuation or estimate (? counter-valuation): ni mac bradas finntiga | fine fri fod frithmeasa | munab neasa fircoibneas | mathair athair in orba `it is not a son that obtains the property of a tribe in ground to be valued unless the title to the land be nearer to his mother than to his father' Laws iv 44.3 , with gloss: .i. o fir-meisemnaigter fine maithri beth a faitchius ris ib. 20 (where as usual in such glosses frith- is equated with fír-); `a son does not take family land even to land which is restorable to the fine' Stud. in E. Ir. Law 150 [when there is caution as regards conflicting judgements (?)]. The parallel passage in H 3.18, p. 388a-b ( O'Curry 858 ): fri fot frithmesa .i. cein mbes innfine ina mathar oc frith[t]omus frisin mac, suggests that fot frithm. may be = sod of contested valuation, the ownership of which is open to question. The gloss in Laws iv however suggests that `fod' here belongs to 2 fót `watchfulness' and perh. the line means roughly with (= when there is) caution lest the fine should reverse the decision.

2 ingor

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 ingor or dil.ie/28693
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: n-I.

adj o, ā undutiful, unfilial, impious: rop smachtaid coisc cáich mbes i.¤ `to check everyone that may be undutiful,' Tec. Corm. § 6.42 . cuirídh neimh for ttengadh fair, for mac n-i.¤ , AFM i 508.5 . do aos ionghair na ndart romtháir `impious,' Ó Bruad. ii 140.3 . pn As epithet : for Āed n-I. (i.e. Āed Oirdnide, high-king A.D. 793), ZCP xii 234 § 47. Compar. ní ba hingaire nech aile día mathar-macne oldás .i. do Connachtaib `no child will be less pious' (of Conall Cernach), Cóir Anm. 251.

mac ingor freq. in Laws in sense of a son who fails to comply with the duty to maintain his parents in old age; cf. macc úar, Ériu xlvii 197 : foceird a athair mac ingor a horba, ocus foceird a orba fri nech do gni a gaire `the father flings his unfilial son out of the land, and gives the inheritance to another who supplies his maintenance,' (transltd. Atk., Glossary s.v. ingor), Laws iii 52.17 . gach mac beoathur ... .i. mac gor ocus mac i.¤ , ii 288.x Comm. leath catu caich dia mnai, no dia gormac ... cethraimthi a eniclainni dia mac ingoir, v 70.x Comm. in mac saerleicthi, ocus in mac i.¤ `to the emancipated son, or the disobedient son,' i 90.16 Comm.

As subst. an impious person, an undutiful person: ar chuingid inna soinmech i mbiat ind ingoir `because of seeking the prosperity in which the impious are,' Ml. 56b15 . med brithemnachtae dae hua ndamnither int i.¤ gl. qua deprimitur impius, 57d8 . á ingru `ye impious,' 76c1 . iar céssad la hingru `at the hands of impious men,' Fél. May 23. hi comairli na pecduch no ina hingoir (inaniggair, v.l.), Hib. Min. 470. trí[ar] ná ditoing ná fortongar : ben, angar, amlabar `a son who does not support his father,' Triads § 159. In abstr. sense impiety (?): is ed imme-folngi ír ┐ ingar ┐ debaith i cach tegdais 'this it is that causes anger, impiety (?), and discord in every dwelling' Ériu xx 170.98 .

línad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. línad or dil.ie/30236

u, m. vn. of línaid. IGT Verbs § 80.

(a) act of filling : a llinad diatrub ┐ doinib (of a city), Ml. 133c11 . bla liach linad, Laws iii 212.10 . cid bad maith lat do linad na ecailsi sea hi tám, LU 9629 ( ZCP iii 210.6 ). tonn línta na nairer (Moling), LL 305b25 ( SG 383.5 ). in iach-lind do l.¤ do fhuil mac mbec, PH 381 . in linad dlegar dei-sim . . . uasal linad cumaile teora mbo `the high amount', Laws v 346. 19 Comm . do aithin I. a saic do líonadh, Gen. xlii 25. Of covering a body with wounds, blood: a lan cneidi . . . arna l.¤ , Stair Erc. 2505 . ar n-a líonadh idir aghaidh ┐ cheann . . . do braonghoil na fola, Ériu i 91.21 .

(b) Of food: iar linath gl. post expletionem, Ml. 129d17 . sanntaighim biadha mhaithe ┐ cócaireacht ┐ línadh examhail, ITS xxix 207.23 . lionadh no treganus non satietas non fames , 23 K 42, 13.16 . spasmus ó l.¤ ┐ spasmus ó folmugud, O'Gr. Cat. 185.13. Of pride: is maille h-imarcraidh lina (?leg. línta or línaidh) bhis se quia inflammativa est, ITS xxix 140.30 .

(c) Fig. of spiritual faculties, endowing: a linad ó rath in spiruta-sin, PH 5401 . iar n-a linad . . . o'n spirut noeb, 5424 . linfidhthear tu . . . o linadh na mbes sochraidh, ITS xxix 216.9 . madh áil let do línadh don t-shith, 111.21 . Cf. an rioghain . . . / mo shearc ar na lionadh lé, Rel. Celt. ii 290.16 .

(d) Of words, promises, prophecies, fulfilling, completing sense of: og linath ind firinnigtho sin, Wb. 3d22 . do l.¤ an intliuchta gl. ad plenam significationem Sg. 198b4 . do l.¤ intsliuchta verbi gl. ad perfectionem sensus, 209b30 , 32 . (cf. 210a5 ). do l.¤ ind ḟoilsigthe fil and, 211a8 .

(e) Of tide flowing: is linud is tragud, LU 2452 ( RC iv 254.11 ). in muir muaid milach . . . / rogab lan / linad is in full tide, Bruchst. i 65 § 149 ( IT iii 38 § 24 ). céin no bíd in muir for l.¤ , LL 21088 = for tuile, Dinds. 11 . docíter [in muir] . . . ac linad, RC xxiv 373.32 . Cf. linad usce flood, Lism. L. 71. Of a crowd, swarming: líon áigh ógbhadh gcaithreannach / ag líonadh is-teagh id thiomchall, DDána 122.7 . Of senses: dá céadfaidh ní léig líonadh `she indulged not her senses', Aithd. D. 11.33 .

óen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. óen or dil.ie/33512
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: óen, oín, oena, aine, oina, oína, oen, aen, én, éin, aon, oen, oinaidaircechu, oinbenchu, oinchosaig

num. adj. and pron. óen, Sg. 201a11 , Wb. 4d21 (oén). oín, Ml. 90d1 , Sg. 162b1 and in compds. (Ml. and Wb.). g s f. oena, Sg. 203a26 . aine, BCr. 31c4 (pron.). a p m. oina, Ml. 70a4 (adj.); oína, ib. (pron.). Mid.Ir. oen , later aen; in compds. often én- or (before palatal vowel in follg. syll.) éin-. Mod. aon.

I As num. adj. one .

(a) absol.: oen .i. un ab eo quod est unus , Corm. Y 1001. a hoen, a dó, a trí, SR 741. a n-oén ar fichit it tri secht són the twenty-one, Ml. 2d2 (treated as neut.).

As pred. with cop.: is oín hua tinscanat, ni oín hi foircniter (i.e. they begin but do not end with the same letter), Sg. 162b1 . Generally in sense unique: Brigtae ba hóen a amra, Hy. v 43 (`B's miracle was unique', Thes.). int Imblech . . . is oin ina erdarcus I. is unapproached in fame, Bruchst. i § 145 ( Ann. Inisf. 742 ). a Flaith na naem, robo aen do chaemh thy loved one had no equal (?), ACL iii 298 § 70.

(b) attrib., rarely follg. noun (this construction seems con- fined chiefly to expressions of time): dia oin `ein einziger Gott', Ält. Ir. Dict. ii 10 § 5 (oen, aon MSS.). Moin oin `M. der einzige', ib. § 1 . as athair aen dan in coibche sin `it is to the father alone this nuptial present is due' (?), Laws iv 60.12 . luid in gilla lathi óen and one day, LL 51b2 . laa n-oen and, IT i 122.19 . PH 74. fec[h]t n-oen ann, IT i 136.17 .

(c) generally preceding noun, forming a compd. and re- maining indeclinable, one, a single . Lenites follg. cons. and often prefixes t- to s. (When the noun is folld. by prep. ar and a multiple of 10, oen is freq. omitted: bó ar fhichit = oenbhó ar fh. twenty-one cows.) cid oín dune (gl. nemo), Ml. 33c12 . ma tecmadh secht tengt[h]a i cinn aenduine, ZCP viii 111.20 . ildáni do óenfiur . . . óendán do sochuidi, Wb. 11a16 . triar, óenfer (of the Trinity), Hy. v 18. in días do gabáil immón n-óenfer, FB 15. comland oenfir single combat, Ériu i 114 § 1. eirge athlamh aeinfir rising quickly as one man, CCath. 4436 , cf. ZCP xiii 205.1 (where read: aoinfir). fer oínsétche du-nar- ructhæ act oentuistiu a man of one wife to whom only one child has been born, Thes. ii 241.9 ( Ardm. 18a1 ). Echaid Oenáu (= one-eared), Trip. 126.18 . Eochaidh aonshula of the one eye, ML 86.23 . ro sníastar ar oenchois ┐ ar oenláim ┐ oensúil, TBC-LL¹ 564. ba hoinlebor leo int saltair they considered the Psalter a single book, Hib. Min. 2.56 . Lugid Macnía (.i. oenainm), ZCP viii 312.5 (i.e. Macnía is a single word, a name not a patronymic). oen-chailech indises Matha . . . a dō indises Lucas, PH 5219. ind aenailidh dún ar ttriur | is aenbla lin dar ar cend we three shall be in one grave with one shroud about us, Anecd. ii 30 § 4. hi curach óenseiched of one hide, Trip. 222.11 . oín fecht once, Ml. 138b8 . oin[ḟ]echt, 34a9 . du intiuch oín lai a journey of one day, 140a1 . oigreadh éntráith ice of twenty-four hours, Ériu iv 218.16 . bás aonuaire `instant', Keat. iii 2272. ata oenní ocund do denam `I have one expedient', PH 1192. cidh énní dhibh a single item, Laws ii 156.3 Comm.

Often used to strengthen cech (cach): ni choemsaitis . . . cech oenfochraic dib d'aisnes, SR 520. cech laithi, cech óenbliadain, 1458 . mórfessiur . . . oc cor cacha hóenslaite, FB 2. gulban cach óen-eóin, Metr. Dinds. iii 258.26 . tri mile ceol . . . cacha henchlaisi, RC xxvi 146.7 .

Used to emphasize a follg. superlative: issí in dictatoirecht éncéim ba huaisle buí occo, CCath. 95.

The numeral often appears superfluous: teuir oenaidchi three nights, Thes. ii 291.6 ( Ml. Poems i 2 ). co n-accai ni . . . .i. in n-aenmnaí for fertais in charpait a woman, TBC-LL¹ 201. co cualaid gul na henmna a woman's weeping, RC v 201.6 . coic oinfissigh five searchers, Duan. F. i 45.5 . Esp. with nouns denoting number like días: toirmeasc itan eindeisi quenching the thirst of two, Ériu iv 224.6 . dochuaidh T. entriar marcach tarsa with three horsemen, AFM iii 576.4 . oen-ocht ṁbliadan, LL 181b22 ( Arch. Hib. ii 49 ).

Such compds. are used in pl. without inflexion of óen: óenlitrib, gl. singulis litteris, Sg. 28a12 . frisna hoen n-apstal déc eleven, PH 5123. tri cét fer for oencosaib ┐ for oenlamaib ┐ aensuilib `each using only one leg', Dinds. 41 ( RC xv 431 w ). dariachtadar óendóene d'Ultaib . . . d'fórithin Conculaind .i. Senal U. ┐ dā mac Gégge a few individuals, TBC-LL¹ 4205. rosiachtadar aendhaíne asin máidm sin, Alex. 291. ra étlaitis . . . ar oenḟeraib one by one, LL 268b26 ( MU 44 ). go n-imthightís na haonmhna Erind women used to traverse Ireland alone, AFM ii 1164.4 .

(d) used before noun in sense only : ni óentorbe doraricc dún not merely one profit, Wb. 19b23 . ba hed a n-oínbiad isin díthrub (= de mannae cibo solitario), Ml. 97d8 . bá hóenglunn dó sercc di mnai a brathar his only crime, IT i 121.3 . Tomas . . . is e oendiscipul nā boi imalle frisna hapstalu, PH 6728. énmac Dé, Ériu iv 114 § 17. Domnall . . . enrí Teftha sole king, RC xviii 18.1 . enrige in domain sole (undivided) sove- reignty, Alex. 114. se oenur 's a óenben his wife, SR 1888. Findabair d'óenmnaí F. as a wife, TBC-LL¹ 3031. mad ben tsaor í, biadh 'na henmnáoi agam, ZCP i 125.1 . tene an aonbeime [na n-oenbeim v.l.] .i. Aodh (i.e. one who strikes but once?), Anecd. ii 52.1 .

(e) unique, without equal, peerless : eirr óengaile, LU 10356. 'con óengabaind na hElgca Elg's foremost smith, Ériu iv 108 y . ar muin meicc óenfir Hérenn of Erin's chief, 102 § 43. oen- guinid Cilli Darae, ZCP ix 169.16 . Cf. TBC-LL¹ 5375. oenoinmit fer nErenn the greatest fool, Ériu v 28.2 . Tomaltach . . . enbranan cloinne Maolruanaidh `chief hero', AFM iii 150.2 . aenollam na nGaedhel, RC xviii 191.8 .

(f) often the same (= Lat. idem); in this sense declined in Glosses. inna oena méite (gl. tantidem), Sg. 203a26 . inna oína oina-sa (gl. hos eosdem), Ml. 70a4 . Cf. Wb. 5d1 . ni tre oínmetur ro ceta [int ṡailm], Hib. Min. 6.182 . aensmacht ar cach ceathra the same `smacht'-fine, Laws iv 104.24 . bid grád n-oenfir forra they shall all have the same rank, Trip. 152.22 (= in pari habendos respectu, Colg.). ac oenmummib daronsat ceirdgnimrada gaile the same instructresses, TBC-LL¹ 3006. fer oentreue dō fellow-tribesman, PH 75. d'a fir aencluichi nō aentighe as his playmate or housemate, CCath. 2432 , cf. 644 . ni uīth cuit don m[n]ai . . . a n-oentig aithigh tighi, Cáin Ad. § 2 . t'fhear êanaoise thy coeval, Dán Dé xvii 3. in tan do bamar-ne ag aenfoghlaim gaiscidh learning . . . together, ZCP x 304.29 . clanna ar saor, meic ar moghadh | dheit . . . fá énomhan `united in fear', Studies 1921, 75.4 . ata sinne . . . dh'aoinchreidimh ┐ dh'aontsacramuintibh one in faith and sacraments, Luc. Fid. 378.7 .

Similarly in a number of stereotyped adverbial phrases: i n-ait . . . oenbaili in one place, together ; ó oenbél (-guth) with one voice, unanimously ; for oenchoí on one path = to- gether ; d'oendán (lit. `of one profession') united, in concert : co ndernsat caratrad do beth d'oeṅdhán i cend Aristobuil, LB 140a15 = Todd Lect. vi 76 z (see SGS i 30 ); d'oenláim in co-operation, in concert , LB 140a16 (d'én- laim); i n-oenḟecht simultaneously ; d'oentoíb together ; i n- oenuair simultaneously , etc.

Folld. by FRI or OCUS (= as): oenfholaid . . . frissin athair of one substance with the Father, PH 177. do laechaib fa óengním ┐ óengaiscid fris féin of the same prowess as himself, FDG 733. i n-énaimsir [f]rium-sa in my time, CCath. 1704. marb a n-aonmhis . . . ocus Fiachra in the same month as F., ZCP xi 44 § 50. sinn d'éinfhine is an t-Airdrí, Dán Dé xv 15. go gcuire ionn i n-aointeach 's an cuire fionn, xiv 26 . Fiach- raidh . . . ó aoinchill ┐ Fiacc from the same church as F., Mart. Don. Oct. 12 ( p. 272 x ). aen .i. inann, O'Dav. 165.

(g) in late Mid. and Mod.Ir. aen (aon) used alone with a noun = any; aen . . . amháin one, a single. The sense any arises naturally from the use of oen in neg. or indef. state- ments. cipe toltnaigfes don chomdid i n-aen-urd díb, PH 4014 . aen cach .i. nech itir ut est: ni aera óen cach he does not satirize any one, O'Dav. 11. ata in t-aenridiri amain agar leonadh uile, ZCP vi 41.30 . en-spirut amhain one spirit, Fl. Earls 136.15 . aointsióth amháin do bheith i nÉirinn uile `general peace', Keat. iii 3135. go mbeidheadh corp na hEagluise ar aonbheusaibh amháin that . . . might follow the same customs, Eochairsg. 5.36 .

II As indef. pron.

(a) one, an individual (declined). ednon óen (gl. ĭdem), Sg. 201a11 , cf. 55b3 and Ml. 70d1 . inunn oín, Ml. 56b1 . cuit inna aine ┐ inna aile, BCr. 31c4 (referring to `prima luna' and `secunda l.' of Lat. text). inna oína oina-sa these same individuals (gl. hos eosdem), Ml. 70a4 . cach oén creitfess hí Crist every one, Wb. 4d21 . fer . . . saiges a chert do cech óen, FB 11. pianad cech oein as dir duit, PH 6599. malarta cech oin olchena the ruin of all, 714 . nach oen déraich a tír any one who deserts his country, Mon. Tall. 17. oenaib. dedaib. tredaib, LL 123a9 .

Folld. by part. gen. or prep.: i ṅ-óen na lith-sa on one of these festivals, Fél. Ep. 20. cotlait . . . i n-oen a mbrug, LL 144b14 . gebid . . . oen na tire, 333a42 , cf. ZCP viii 318.33 . inn-aen na rigbaili romor, CCath. 5824. cech oen uainn each of us, SR 1076. is aen uaib nom-braithfi-sea, PH 2372. oen dona Cristaigib, 1220 . aon don chuideachta, Fl. Earls 36.18 . i n-aghaidh gach aoin againn, Maguires of F. § 88. (This use was prob. at first confined to cases in wh. oen was preceded by cach, cech or folld. by a pers. pron.; with a subst. the older idiom was: fer dena feraib.) In expressions of time: aen na fecht ann once, Ériu v 122.34 . ag siubhal . . aon do laitib one day, BNnÉ 239 § 169. aen na n-oidhche (aen do n-oidchib v.l.) one night, BS 124.21 . aon d'oidhchibh, AFM vi 2280. 23 . Hence the later idiom: aen do lá one day, Ériu iii 150 § 3 ; áon do ló, Ériu v 86.16 ; 96.28 . oen da laí, RC xxiii 396 § 1 (= older lá n-oen).

With art.: in t-oen neamfoitnech nemaicside the One im- passible, invisible , PH 178. Cf. bíaidh solud Israel mar theine ┐ a Aóinnáomhtha mar lasair his Holy One, Isaiah x 17. lé bréithir na n-áon náomhtha of the holy ones, Daniel iv 17 . saor . . . mo aon ó neart an mhadraidh, Psalms xxii 20.

(b) in late Mid. and Mod.Ir. any one , esp. in neg. and indef. sentences: [gnúis] nach obann aon that rejects none, A. Ó Dálaigh xviii 4 . atbert N. na ro choemnagair aen do leigen innti that he could not let any one into it, Leb. Gab.(i) i 10.3 . níor bh'uamhan liom aon dom chreich I had no fear of being raided by any one, Ériu i 95.19 . tuc Dia nert . . . duit ná tucad d'áon romad, BNnÉ 7.4 . dá mbiadh i n-a iongnadh ar aon if any one should wonder, Eochairsg. 16.36 . imdeargadh aoin gan adhbhar abuse of any one, Content. xxiv 13.

III Used with prep. in the follg. adverbial phrases: ar oen (fri) together, at the same time (with): cach baili i fagabhar iat araen wherever both are found together, Laws ii 414.9 . mas etarru araen atat buachaili `if the servants belong to them both', 416.11 . céin bemaid araen beó as long as we both live, ZCP iv 239.29 . in mac gēntar uatha ar áen who will be born to them both, viii 113.16 . curab da ndēruib aráen doronadh an loch of the tears they both shed, Maund. 179. dob í inghean Uí N. a máthair ar aon the mother of them both, Maguires of F. § 8. do rithreadar ar aon i n-aoinfheacht (= ambo simul), TSh. 10325 .

With FRI: co tisad ar oen fri Ultu along with, TBC-LL¹ 1477. tanic in rig . . . ┐ in uli shacart ar oen fris, PH 2159. an ccéin báoi ar aon léa anam `so long as he lived along with his soul' (? as long as body and soul were together), ZCP i 64 § 69. Folld. by ocus: dofóeth Marcán . . . ar óen ocus Medraige, Metr. Dinds. iii 320.36 . dochuaidh Bairri . . . ar áen ┐ Eolang, BNnÉ 17. 19 .

mar oen (fri) together (with): doruacht mar aon re fuigeall `along with the remnant', Laws ii 238.7 Comm. oc fledugud mar oen fris, PH 2372. téid . . . mar aon re hiomad d'ógaibh, Keat. ii 55. cosa . . . mar aon ris gach mball oile, TSh. 60. bud hi an bāidh braithreisi | beith dūinn mar aon that we should be together, ZCP viii 214.12 .

IV In some cases oen forms genuine compds. in which the meaning of the follg. word is modified:

(a) chiefly with adj., esp. adj. derived from noun: ¤adair- cech: a p m. oinaidaircechu, gl. unicornes, Ml. 45a5 . ¤bélrach: dorat rath na n-ilbelra doib . . . is iat oenbelraig có sin .i. Ebrai speaking (only) one language, PH 2517. ¤bennach one- horned , as subst. a single-horned creature, a unicorn , LL 135a50 . tír nathrach is oen- benach, 136a19 . a p. oinbenchu, Ml. 45a5 . See oenberach (treated separately below). ¤charptech, TBC-LL¹ 4252 (where it is used of one who drives alone, a warrior without a chario- teer). fuilliucht ind óenchárptig, 713 . ¤cosach one-legged (-footed): g s m. ind oinchosaig , Goid. 71.3 . pl. na hoenchossaig odra, Rawl. 76a46 . ¤dánach, ¤dírech: beas aendanach, bid aendireach `who has one art, let him have one "dire"', Laws v 108.11 (opp. to il-dánach, -dírech). ¤faebrach: do biailib oenfoebrac[h]aib one-edged, CCath. 5442. ¤fiaclach one- toothed, Leb. Gab.(i) i 78.9 (en-). ? ¤folbthach: a oenḟolbthaig oeniressaig! `of one substance and one faith [with the Father]' (? only praiseworthy, only faithful, reading ṁolbthaig), PH 161 . ¤geinne: óengeinne Dé only-begotten, Hy. vi 25 ; cf. tar in mac n-óengine .i. Críst, Ériu ii 196 § 13. ¤gel altogether fair or white, pure white, common epithet of silver: oengel in dún, Metr. Dinds. ii 72.17 . cúach argit oengil, LL 34a54 . do cnaimh aoingel elifinte, CCath. 4691. do cholomhnaib marmair aingil, Fl. Earls 152 x . a díí láim oengela, LB 124b26 . im thrí .ix. con n-éngel, LU 6768 ( BDD 28 ). tred do chaorchaibh aen- gealae, BNnÉ 56 § 63. ¤ingnech: Monica éningnech one- hoofed , CCath. 3841 (explanation of the name Monychus < μονόνυχος). ¤iressach, see -molbthach. ¤menmnach: in t-ennac aenm. `single-minded', BColm. 12.16 . co henme[n]m- nach unanimously, Cog. 120.6 . ¤trabdae (< treb), gl. soli- tarius, Ml. 46d1 .

(b) with noun: ¤ciniud in Laws, only child or descendant , the last living member of a `fine', Thurneysen, ZCP xiv 347 § 3 b. is e bes foloing aencinnid `the food-rent which the sole survivor submits to', Laws ii 256.25 . bes oencinneda, iv 302.20 . biathad in aencineda gin fine, ii 354.3 Comm. Also of any propertyless man of the fer midboth grade, even if he had kin, ZCP xlii 68 : ní dligther fothud a thige do neoch céin mbes maice, combi túalaing saintrebtha ┐ gabála[e] se(a)lb, do ḟi[u]r midboth(a) céin mbes n-óenchin(n)i[u]d 'hospitality of his house is not due from anyone for as long as he remains in boyhood until he is capable of separate husbandry and of taking property - from a fer midboth for as long as he is an óenchiniud ' Críth G. 77 , ZCP xlii 68 . ​​​​ ¤clár a single, solid piece: oen chlar a chorp uli; oen chlar a thraigthi, PH 7272 (of the Antichrist). denid óenbuidin díb ┐ oénchlár dona sciathaib immon ṁbuidinsin, LL 13937 . aonchlár dar lat an brugh breac one unbroken surface, DDána 119.32 . Of a flat-face : go bfacaidh nech ana dhail, ┐ aon chlár aighthe lais, BNnÉ 185 § 15 . is amlaid do boi ┐ aonchlar aicthi (aenchlar edain, v.l.) aige gan suili ina cind, Stair Nic. 49 . Of a closely formed battalion: doralsat óenclár catha foraib dia tobairt 'formed themselves into a solid phalanx', LU 1478 ( MU² 955 ), SGS v 30 . ¤coissid m.: oenchossid sciach `a one-stemmed thorn', ZCP iii 7 § 25. mac ind oenchoisseda one-footed , IT i 102.17 . ¤echaid m. a rider : gl. eques, Sg. 55b7 , 50b2 (óin-). da o[e]nechdae, Corm. Y 1082 = do aen[e]achdae, Corm. p. 38 (rót). ¤taeb a particular place: do chuir sí a haire d’éantaobh, LBranach 2 . do-chuaidh an t-eólus d’éntaobh, 362 . dá gcuirinn m’intinn d’éantaobh 'even if I set my mind to going somewhere' Sages, Saints and Storytellers 34 § 1 . ¤tiges (= ¤tigedus) dwelling together with, cohabitation: aontíghios daor an dia- bhail, RC xxiii 12.10 .

1 smachtaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 smachtaid or dil.ie/38010

n [i, m.] (smacht) ruler, controller : rop s.¤ coisc cáich mbes ingor `let him be masterful to check every one that may be undutiful', Tec. Corm. § 6.42 .

1 sorchae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 sorchae or dil.ie/38499

Forms: soirche

adj [io, iā] Also soirche. bright, luminous, radiant : soirche .i. solasda, O'Cl. rí s.¤ síl Ádaim, Fél. Dec. 25 . celebair féil nAilbi | la Fleid sorchai snámaig, Sept. 12 . in Fothaid soirche slúag-ard, Metr. Dinds. iv 90.16 . barr soirc[h]e síl Airtt Óenfir, Ériu iv 102.2 . atconnarc tír sorcha sáer, LU 3741 ( SCC 34 ). bith sorchi `a radiant world', RC xxvi 34 § 157 . in dub . . . | in temen . . . | ind odar, doirchi datha | nidat soirchi sogabtha, SR 64 . cén mbes sorchu al-lá, Ériu ii 206 § 26 . ni sorche suilse ind ítharni, ZCP viii 175.19 . rop sorche (sorcha, soirche, v.ll.) fri gnáis `let him be brilliant in company', Tec. Corm. § 6.37 . ba hé silled ba soirche, LL 210b15 . Compar. bás cethorchat míled | co mórṡlóg ba ṡorchu, Fél. March 9 . sorcho celebraidh, Snedg. u. Mac R 40 . sorcho scelaib, Anecd. i 60 § 87 .

taebtu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. taebtu or dil.ie/39476

n t, m. state of being side by side with, union, association, accompanying: a tóebtu cen díscailiud (David and Jonathan), SR 6050 . ar ṁbeith iar ṁbes hi tóebtaid | dogres innar fíróentaid, 6575 . ni be mundteras indda taobatu dó fri banscala ` confidence ,' Mon. Tall. 150.41 . As a special designation of the case denoting accompaniment, ` comitative case': la fer a th.¤ , Auraic. 1526 , 1653 .

trúailnide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. trúailnide or dil.ie/42103

Forms: drúailnide

adj io, iā part. of trúailnid. O.Ir. drúailnide (see GOI p. 232 , Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 566 ), corrupt, defiled, polluted: is uisse intoichther a ndruailnithe so ho nebdruailnithiu `it is just that this corruptible should be clothed with the incorruptible,' Wb. 13d20 . druáilnithe a ciall, 30c18 . atan druáilnidi som `they are corrupt,' Ml. 76a5 . uare as ṅdruálnide, Sg. 163b7 . cid druailnide ṁbes chechtar in da rann, 202b3 . curpu trúalnidi na ndoéni, LU 2588 . i socraidecht in bethad nemtrualnide, 2645 . co mbo thruallnethe aér na cethararda dia dendgur, 6076 (TBC). rastimairgend condasesairg a chainnebhur as gorbha chéo truaílnithi tormosach (sic leg.) i mbuí do mhothor ina mhedhon, RC xiv 265.6 . mairc is loind ┐ is escaid dochumm na cobfhledi deroile truallnide, Todd Lect. vi 23.7 . ro tuit neim an aieir truaillnide sin for uscip ... in tire, CCath. 3485 . glacaireacht thruaillighe `unchast touches,' Donlevy 94.2 . air son na beatha truaillighe-se `this mortal life,' 464.4 . críon-bhrat na coire, bhíos 'na theimheal truaillidhe ar an anam, TSh. 7053 . do fhéuch Día ar an ttalamh, ┐ féuch do bhí sé trúaillighe, Gen. vi 12.

? túara

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? túara or dil.ie/42207

Forms: tuara

ind cach breath is tuara .i. is uasal no is tuara .i. is eolach cach brethem ina breth. No is toae a radh .i. is radh do ae as coir dho .i. amail mbes dechb (?) ... ┐ inndeich, O'Curry 508 ( H 3.18, 258 ). dia toingi in fer uil ag an agra cona deimin lais is naoill fo tuara o fer atgairther. ┐ mana bé tuara do ní toing, acht in fer for a lither aonur, O'D. 542 ( H 3.17, 434 ).