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aiste

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aiste or dil.ie/2515

n m. and f. * ad-sem-, Wortk. 53 . `?Lat. essentia', Plummer MS notes.

(a) characteristic, special quality, peculiarity: a.¤ in finda sin `the peculiarity of that hair', Fél.² cxliv 35 . rosuithe dó dáma (glossed dana) deacta .i. do a.¤ na deachta, LU 756 (ACC) = RC xx 178 § 45 . hi ḟail in tobair ingnáith dianad a.¤ óigread in cech lo, Alex. 349 . inis . . . ise a h-aisdi na cuirp berar inti ni lobait iter, Todd Nenn. 192.9 . ar besaib ┐ ar caen-estib (sic) (com-aistib v.l., leg. caem-a.¤ good qualities), Cog. 82.2 . inund aisti arúath dúinn, / inund gasced gnath, TBC-LL¹ 4172 ( LL 11005 ). is í a.¤ in chuilén-sin, PH 3438 . mórad ceall dob aisde agaibh (to St. Patrick), Dán Dé xii 13 . mōr d'aistib na n-ērlam fúair, ACL iii 307 § 28 . a.¤ gach céime i gcalmacht / gaisce féile is flathamhlacht, Hackett liii 23 . ni heiccen co mad aisdi do ierraidh do litrip ind ogaim ┐ do muitib na Laitne, ar is a nguthagoip forbaigter-side do gres a common nature, property, need not be sought for in Ogham letters and Latin mutes, since the latter always terminate in a vowel-sound (whereas the former do not), Auraic. 3015 .

Type, variety, class (of performance): dona cēadaistibh reapraidh dō, Feis Tighe Chonáin 227 . doghníadh C. aisde crábaidh C. used to practise a special kind of devotion, BNnÉ 141.1 is anaichnidh do muintir C. . . . ind a.¤ trialltai .i. teiched, CCath. 3563 . m'ionuath a aisde dá éis `very horrible his fate thereafter', Dán Dé xxvi 53 . iollardacht m'aisdeadh the variety of my talents, ML 124.6 . atá d'aistidhibh 's d'ealadhain nódh aca nach taobhtha d'aonneach . . . they have so many wiles and arts that none can trust them (of women), Hackett xxvi 63 . Pattern: im a.¤ lamthoraid, Laws i 150.8 .i. fuath in gresa innti, 152.23 Comm. Cf. a.¤ ab astilis ō slisnib corthaire, O'Mulc. 64 . way, manner: gurob é aisde ar a mbídís 'na suidhe, Geneal. Tracts i 39.12 .

With prepp. ar a.¤ like: ar a haisde is aghtha dhamh / brath leannáin dom lucht diomdhadh, O'R. Poems 2917 `just like her must I hope to find a lover', p. 229 . ar gach én a.¤ on every ground, BNnÉ 250 § 204 . Seonin a Burc do marbad arin asti cetna, Ann. Conn. 1342.4 . ar aisde na dinginn se in a way in which I could not achieve it(?), BNnÉ 132.z . fo a.¤ like: luin gela bid ann . . . ┐ celebraid a tratha fo aisti na heclaise, Trip. xliii 5 . fo aisti an Gregaid, Auraic. 3379 . tar a.¤ : rala ág dar [a] a.¤ / ra chuir ár (ar) na cichloiste beyond what he was used to, TBC-LL¹ 1477 .

(b) metre: cia lín na naisti . . . a cuíc sescat ar trí cetaib, IT iii 67 § 1 . cate a aisti coír cach baird, 22 § 67 . aisteda na ndaerbhard, 23.1 . it núacrutha na haisti seo, ar it núalitríde arrangatar íat, § 68. aisti ollaman bairdni inso anuas . . . aisti ansrutha bairdne inso sís, 10 § 12 , § 13 . iss hi seo ind a.¤ blaith brass / in ṅgnathaighther in senchass, 106.18 . cia a.¤ triasin ṅdernad in Félire . . . rindard, Fél. 4.24 . isin erlabra fégtair inna haisti, LU 461 (ACC). sluindfet duib dagaisti in dana, LL 5227 . dechnad mór . . . a.¤ is ferr i nHere, 5250 . ellach .i. aisti, ut est cibe cenel dina secht n-eillghibh .i. dona secht n-aistibh, O'Dav. 765 . co festar in n-aisti dona seacht primellgibh na filideachta, Auraic. 1687 . claechlodh aisdi change of metre, IGT Metr. Faults § 22 . i n-aisde 's i n-ábhacht, recitations, Hackett² xliii 240 .

bóige

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bóige or dil.ie/6299

n [io] cup, small vessel, cauldron: bóge .i. ainm do choire ṡainnte dorigned lasin æs cerda. ise din cruth a mbíd .i. nóe slabraid ass ┐ niba moasom oldás cend cingite moire, brefe din for cind cacha slabraid ┐ nonbar æsa cerda ina sessam uimme oc cantain (no ocur) na cléri co rínd gæi cach (æn) fir tria brefe cach ṡlabraid ba nessa dó. ┐ intí iarom doberead rath doib ba hisin coiresin doberead. unde dicitur coire sainnte. Ba hé din a lán cóir in choire .i. bretnasc bánóir da uinge dég, Thr. Ir. Gl. 7 = Corm. Y 141. See RC xx 422.18 - 27 (Stokes, Bodl. ACC) for Caire Sainti `Caldron of Greed.' bóge din ainm do ballan bec a mbidís .v. ungi oir, issed (no sech) no bíd fri hól sainlenda ass. ┐ nobíd din fri géll do ḟilid .i. do ollam. Unde dicitur i mBrethaib Nemid ballan baisse boge (.v. ṅuinge banoir), Thr. Ir. Gl. 7 = Corm. Y 142 . Cf. ballan boise boighe cuig uinge, O'D. 2215 (Nero A vii, 148a). boige .i. caire, Goid. 76 ( Dúil Laithne 75 ). boighi .i. oibne, bidh boighi .i. caire sainti, ut est ballan boisi boighi .u. uingi `a `b.¤' is a small vessel with a handle (weighing) five ounces', O'Dav. 201.

do-oggell

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-oggell or dil.ie/18242
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: diuchlathar, dirróggel, doruaichill, darucellsat, dergled, dergle, ndergel[l]tar, deirclimmis

v (dí-uss-gell-, see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 537 . Forms with -ch-, -g- instead of -c-, -gg- may indicate a verb *dí-fo-gell- or cell-).

I purchases: Pass. indic. pres. s. diuchla .i. cennach, ut est diuchlathar enech dim .i. cennaighther no adhbullau[g]thar honour is bought from me, O'Dav. 600 . diuchlither .i. cendaigther, O'Mulc. 334 . diuclidther .i. crenaidthear, H 3.18, 69a . Cf. mad giallna tra do rugialltar donaib rathaib so, O'Curry 884 ( H 3.18 395b ). Perf. 3 s. dirróggel Cummen ┐ Brethán Ochter ṅAchid cona seilb C. and B. had bought O.A., Ardm. 17b1 ( Thes. ii 239.15 ). dia brathrib fein, febda triall | isse dorúacell (written as correction over rochennaig) Iosiaph (Ioseph, MS.), SR 3148 . iarom rodacar a ben | in tigernai doruacel the wife of the lord who had bought him, 3174 . redemptis omnibus clericis . . . lan in derthaigi issed doruagell Níall diib dia argat fesin, AU 963 = doruaichill, AFM ii 684.16 . dorogill G. in ferand . . . ó maccaib B., Misc. Arch. Soc. 146 (Charters in Book of Kells). doruaichill .i. dochennaig, O'Cl. 3 pl. darucellsat hua setaib ón `they had bought it with treasures' gl. venalem fecerant sacerdotii dignitatem, Ml. 126d7 (see GOI p. 526 ). Pass. o Ua Riamán dergled , Ir. Charters in Book of Kells iii (Misc. Arch. Soc.). ba heisidhe a dunárus (sic leg.) ó doruaichledh lais, Hugh Roe 186.16 . Sub. pres. 2 s. niss bera conda dergle , Ériu xii 150 ( TE 14 ). 3 s. ni udbair nech seilb acht mad ni doruaicle fadesin acht mad a comcetfaig a fine, Laws iii 52.8 (cf. O'Dav. 1386 ). (Of a person who gives land to the church for supporting him) as diles di (i.e. to the church) co raib log fognama di and bes fiu a trian doruaicle, 52.z .i. is diles don eclais ant orba doruacell ar gaire the land it purchased for maintenance, 54.11 Comm. duas do ic do cinn in fir isa dan, muna rodeirgle; mad doruaicle is a īc ris fein if he does not purchase it . . . if he does, v 232.7 Comm. mac baitside doroigle i mbreathaib aicnigh ┐ cuibse ┐ screbtra, 452.19 .i. do raro deiligedh sain do reir breithemnais, 454.11 . dergligi .i. cennach, Ériu xiii 76 § 206 . deirgli .i. cennach, O'Curry 968 ( H 3.18 416 ). Pass. cacha fuich a mac co ndergel[l]tar de to every cuckold his son till purchased from him, iii 310.16 . .i. co roderbannaigter de, 17 . Cf. mac cumaile mani dergelltar . . . .i. mene derbcendaigi, O'Dav. 1043 . Cf. 997 . Subj. impf. 1 pl. manis deirclimmis di thorud ar laám unless we had bought it with the fruit of our hands, Wb. 26b16 . With omission of do-: dochuas ó Chenel Eoghain . . . dar muir co ruaiclidis .i. go cendcadís longas Gall-ghaoidhel, AFM ii 1112.1 .

II promises: doruaichill foirb Fer Fidh[gh]a dōib dia mbidis coscraigh, RC xv 427 ( Dinds. 39 ) = doruachaill, Lec. 468a3 . doruachell lógu mora don scolaigi, MacCongl. 5.23 . rohorta in bidbu ina chinaid ┐ doruigled [nem] dia hanmain `heaven was adjudged to his soul', Laws i 12.x Comm. (was promised?).

esóentach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. esóentach or dil.ie/20547

adj o-ā (esóenta)

I Disunited, at variance: go mbídís féin easaontach ré chéile fá iomchosnamh Éireann, Keat. iii 76 .

II Hostile, violent: gurab borb easaontach an caidreabh do-bheiridís na deamhain dó, TSh. 4158 .

As adv.: lámhuighidh go heasaontach na deóraidh ib. 3743 agá tharraing go he.¤ ré fromhadh na meala against his will 7425 . tug go he.¤ as an mainistir amach é `against [his] will' Keat. iii 1948 . beirid go he.¤ ar Thuirgéis seized T. by force 2846 . 2835 . do bhádar trí ríogha easaontacha orra `they were ruled by three disunited kings' ML 2.4 .

fri

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fri or dil.ie/24329
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: frimm, rimm, frim, frím, frium, frimsa, friumsa, frit, fritt, friutt, fritsu, rut, rutt, fris, friss, frissom, f., frie, friae, frise, frie, frinn, rinn, rind, friunn, riund, frind, frinni, raindi, frinnai, frib, frithib, fribsi, friu, friú, friu, friü, frithiu, friithu, friusom, riom, rum, riot, rut, ris, ria, rinn, ruinn, ribh, ruibh, riú, r, frim, frit, fria, friar, fribar, fria, frim, frim, frim, ram, frit, frit, frit, rit, rat, rot, friar, friar, fribar, fribar, fria, fria, fria, re-na, rena, fria, fris(s)a, frisi-, risi-, fris-, ris-, frismbiat, fris-mbruchta, fris, fris, fris, risa, frisin-, frisnid, risnad, ris, fria, frisa, re n-, fria-, re, ra-n-adh, re, re, ré, freisin, FRI

prep. with acc. For etymology see Thurneysen, GOI § 839 , Fraser ZCP viii 37 , J. E. C. Williams, Celtica iii 126 . In later spelling prefixes h- to following initial stressed vowel; does not leníte following consonant (cf. frinna aill, Sg. 45a16 . fri nnach ..., Ml. 75a9 , fri nnech 23c20 ; but fri nech further on in same gloss and regularly elsewhere); the initial s- of the article following fri is preserved. In Middle Irish gradually replaced by the forms RI, RE (already in Ml: oc eregim re Abisolon, 44b4 , cf. fre, 90c27 ); RA (common in some LL texts, see CRR 54 , TBC-LL¹ 499 , 602 , 740 , etc.); rarely RO ( SR 1990 ZCP xiii 204 15 ); FRIA, RIA, RE also common. Hence in Early Mod. Ir. there is occasionally confusion with , RÍA `before', see Bergin's note Stor. Keat. p. xix , and section IX (e) below. Apart from this the latter prep. sometimes replaces FRI after fáilid, fáilte and kindred words (as in Mod. Ir.). On the parallelism of some of the pronominal forms of FRI with those of LA see GOI l.c. (with Translator's n. 178 ). Though FRI still appears in some later texts, especially those of the archaising type, it had become obsolete in the classical language. Its later form (RI, RE) remains down to the end of the Early Mod. period and is recognized by the grammarians as distinct from LE (LA), see IGT, Introd. § 75 , 24 P 8, 194 ( IGT VI , Bard. Synt. Tr. p. 7 ). In the modern spoken lang. it is replaced partly by LE, partly by CHUN (O.-Ir. dochum). For a contrary development cf. Engl. `with,' originally `against,' which has absorbed the functions of A.S. mid `(together) with.'

In development of meaning generally FRI shows a remarkable parallelism with Engl. ` with '; it also agrees with ` against ' in several senses.

Forms: With suff. pron.

sg. 1 frimm St. Paul Codex Thes. ii 298.17 . rimm, IT i 123.24 . frim, SR 1422 , 2049 . LU 5228 . LL 110b26 . frím Ml. 38c19 . frium, Ml. 71b9 . frimsa, Wb. 26d17 . Ml. 33a18 . friumsa, Ml. 127a2a .

2 frit, Wb. 5a31 . 10a29 ; Ml. 103d14 . SR 1425 . fritt LL 93a10 . 249b1 . friutt, PCr. 62b2 (= ḟrit, Sg. 151a3 ). fritsu Ml. 91d8 . 112b8 . rut, SR 2031 IT i 123.15 . rutt, LL 110b27 .

3 m., n. fris, Wb. 14c37 . 15a1 . 22c15 . ACL iii 304 [: [Mael] mis]. (: eisleis). SR 6109. 6317 . ([mēt] anfis) LL 33b21 . friss, Wb. 2c24 . 3c6 . 6a4 . 8a12 . 14d22 ; Ml. 91a21 . frissom Wb. 5d39 .

f.¤ frie, Sg. 72b1 . Ml. 40c15 . 67d15 . friae, 130c9 . Wb. 28a20 . cf. frise, Ml. 74c21 , which Ascoli corrected to frie ( Thes. i 722b ).

pl. 1 frinn, Wb. 4b12 . 17b10 . 19d22 . rinn, Ml. 54a3 . SR 1821 . rind, SR 1905 (: herḟi[o]nd). friunn, Ml. 38d20 . riund TBC-LL¹ 1874 . frind, LL 177b39 . frinni, Wb. 17b32 . 17c5 ; Ml. 32c15 . 93a13 . 106c12 . raindi, BColm. 68.9 . frinnai Ml. 91c9 . 114a8 .

2 frib, Wb. 17b16 . 22d9 . 24d26 . cf. frithib, Ériu iv 162.13 . fribsi, Wb. 14c42 . 17b14 .

3 friu, Wb. 4a10 . 4c37 . 24a4 ; Ml. 54c23 , 72b22 , 110c9 . LL 35a21 (: fiú) friú, Wb. 17b9 . Ml. 74a2 , diss. friu, Hy. V. 54 , cf. friü: at-chiü, ACL iii 294 § 10 ; frithiu, Blathm. 94 § 17 ; friithu, LU 4671 (see further GOI 515 ). friusom, Wb. 20c25 ; Ml. 17c5 , 54c18 ; 26 .

For forms found in later texts see citations below.

In the Early Mod. Grammatical Tracts the forms given are: riom, rum; riot, rut; ris; ria; rinn, ruinn; ribh, ruibh; riú, r, 24 P 8 194 ( Bard. Synt. Tr. p. 7 ).

With following poss. pron.: frim, frit, fria, friar, fribar, fria, e.g. frim ort. Wb. 29d2 . frim peccad, 28a14 . frim foraithmet, Ml. 23d9 ; ram anmain, TBC-LL¹ 3692 (rem St.). frit adrad su, Ml. 136c11 . frit c[h]ele, 70d2 ; frit laim, SR 5854 . rit láim, TBC-LL¹ 3055 . rat láma, 3052 . rot chlaind, SR 2031 . friar corp, Wb. 15c22 . friar fochric, 33a9 ; fribar n-ícc, Wb. 24b3 . fribar pecthu, 13b19 ; fria mbriathra, Wb. 31b30 . In Mid. Ir. the form `fria' is often used for the simple prep., hence occas. fria a = prep. + 3 s. pron. In Early Mod. Ir. 3 s. and pl. form re-na sometimes appears: rena ardnaem, BCC § 12 (see III c below). fria n-a, Fl. Earls 214.4 . Cf. the n- prefixed to poss. after le, ó, tre in Mod. Irish.

With rel. pron.: O. Ir. fris(s)a n ...; Mid. Ir. also frisi-, risi-, fris-, ris-: frismbiat, Sg. 202b3 . fris-mbruchta, Fél. June 21 . fris n-agar, E. 406 . fris-reith, Prolegomena 302 . fris-tarddam, Thes. ii 293.19 . risa n-abar, Acall. 53 , etc. With cop. frisin-, frisnid, risnad ail, LB 257b9 . ris na duthracht 256a44 . fria ndechraiged (= frisa nd.) Sg. 28a14 may be a mistake. In later MSS. the form re n- becomes common: fria-cosmailend, PH 7674 . re ndubairt, 7464 . ra-n-adh KMMisc. 156. 124 . re n-abar, Acall. 1241 , etc. re rāiter, Ériu viii 139.4 . ré raibhe, Keat. ii 4467 , etc.

Composition.

(a) In vn. and prototonic verbal forms, before a vowel, frith-; before a cons. fre-, e.g. frecre, fretech; with syncope of a follg. vowel, fres-, e.g. frescsiu, fresndid, fresndís, fresngabal. In Glosses fri is often used in compos. with a vb. to represent Lat. ob-. Later frith- is used before cons. with or without lenition of following cons.: see frithgnam, frithsét, etc.

(b) In deuterotonic verbal forms fris-; before an infixed pron. in rel. construction frith- or friss-: fritum-chomart-sa (= frith-dum-) Wb. 33a12 ; but friss-idn-oirctis, Ml. 39a20 (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 147 and cf. Strachan's OIPG⁴ ed. Bergin, p. 27 n. 2 ).

SYNOPSIS OF MEANINGS.

N.B.—The classification is perforce somewhat arbitrary as, perhaps in the majority of instances, the meaning could derive from the original sense in I. Cf. J. E. C. Williams Celtica iii 122 ff .

I Of local relations

(a) towards, facing, turned to ;

(b) against (touching; cf. d); alongside, down along, by ;

(c) against (implying violent or hostile action);

(d) next to, at, in contact with (cf. b).

II To express association, along with, beside (both of local and mental relations).

III To express figurative direction

(a) aim, purpose (cf. VI), frequently of function, specific purpose;

(b) after adj. in sense of Lat. gerund or with ad or supine in -u;

(c) to express direction of feelings, behaviour towards (cf. I a);

(d) of prayer, etc. to ;

(e) of opposition to, hostile feeling, attitude towards ;

(f) to express protection, guard, watch against, also limitation, boundary;

(g) in elliptical sentences with these meanings.

IV

(a) after adjs., nouns or verbs expressing resemblance, equality or comparison;

(b) to express difference, distinction from .

V

(a) with respect to, with regard to ;

(b) on account of:

(c) on behalf of ;

(d) according to, in agreement with (cf. II).

VI To denote occasion

(a) with vn. or other abstract after subst. verb or equivalent;

(b) denoting the occasion (event, cause, etc.) on which something takes place.

VII To denote mental subjective attitude, in the opinion of .

VIII

(a) to denote agent;

(b) to denote instrument through, by means of .

IX In expressions of time

(a) in O.-Ir. in locatival sense;

(b) to denote period during which something continues or takes place;

(c) fixing a limit within which something takes place;

(d) of point of time;

(e) used for RIA ` before .'

X In regular or occasional construction with many verbs.

A classified list of the instances in Wb is given by Fraser ZCP viii 37 ff .

I Of local relations

(a) towards, facing, turned to: do rosc frisna nemdaib = looking heavenward SR 1604 . a n-aiged fri Dia facing God LU 2048 ( FA 12 . Cf. III c). a lām chlē fri muir the sea on their left SR 4074 (see lám). do cumlaiset for fairgi ┐ dochorsatar aurlunn fri tir, Corm. Bodl. s.v. prull . bai D. 'sa druim fri fraig D. had his back to the door SR 6053 . is amlaid bai in gilla ┐ a druim fria thigerna, TBC-I¹ 2327 (see druim(m)). Ethne ... fria chossa E. (standing) at his feet (i.e. at the foot of the bed) LU 3300 ( SCC 10 ). Carpre ... 's a hucht ra hág, LL 32b49 (see ucht). a druim re dimsachaib, a des fri deiblenaib, ZCP viii 204 § 26 . an let[h] bis rinne don rē the side of the moon turned towards us ITS xiv 90.19 . fri bun cruche at the foot of the gallows Mon. Tall. § 1 . síl nÁdhuimh ... re sáluibh a senathar at the heels of (i.e. following) Ériu iv 118 § 33 . níor chubaidh tigearna ... d'ḟágbáil re caladh on the beach [i.e. when about to land; perh. fig. cf. beirid i gcaladh brings to safety, see 1 calad] viii 139.23 . dā traig .x. ... a [sic leg.] fot fri dún its length towards the stockade (of the internal slope of an earthen rampart) Laws iv 336.23 . dā dúncladh ... ré dá taebh na clasach along both sides of the fosse CCath. 1747 . ní thurcaibh crand ... cét míle fria taebhaibh within a hundred miles from (lit. towards) its sides Marco P. 11 [cf. the temporal use IX (c)]. See also phrases s.v. agad, ais, enech, gnúis, sáil, taeb, ucht.

This use is regular in Old-Ir. in stating relative position: fri Grecia aniar ... fri Etáil anáir west of Greece ... east of Italy Wb. 6d17 . fri Alpai ndesiu (gl. cisalpina) Sg. 217b8 . frie anall ... frie desiu (gl. ultra ... citra) 71b1 , 2 . fri Ath F.D. desiu, TBC-I¹ 2183 . frie anechtair outside it Ml. 40c15 . fri Pardus amuich outside Paradise SR 111 . ra chuala sa fri hEmain andess I heard it (as I was) to the south of Emain LU 5056 . altoir fri dorus antuaid, SR 4261 [cf. la taeb ind rigthaige aniar, LL 3810 (30a) ]. a mmag fris anair the plain in front of him LL 122a33 . co ndechaid [in gai] triana chend ┐ co ro marb nónbur ris aníar behind him 121a21 . frit aniar, LU 4134 . is e a chorp in taitneamach rit anall the shining one opposite thee RC xxiv 60 . Also fig. : foscichret i crandchor ... fáicebthair Lugaid fris anechtair they will cast lots for it... L. will be left out of the chance RC xiii 444x ( LL 289b8 ). See also s.v. lám (fri l.).

It is doubtful whether: i mbae neach fri hopair immuig BB 362a21 (= Dinds. 20 ) is an instance of this construction; the literal meaning here is was anyone at a work outside ? The Rennes `amuig' is perhaps merely a late spelling.

After verb or vn.: tan turcbad E. a di láim fri Coimdid nime, SR 5085 . suidig do da laim fri ... clasp thy hands (in prayer) to ... 1606 . rosecroth a chend frisin slúag brandished his (severed) head at the host LU 5269 . crothad in chind frisin slóg, 5280 . donnochtat a mbruinni fris bared their bosoms to him 5199 . rochoraig fri tenid he arranged [them] before the fire RC xiii 6.21 . roscóraig gnúis fri gnúis (see gnúis) LU 2046 ( FA 12 ).

Cf. tuídhleach ind óir frisin ngréin the glistening of the gold against the sun BDD 1 . crand airgit ris tatin grían LU 3700 ( SCC 33 ).

(b) against (touching), alongside, down along by: doesetar ┐ a nglūne fri talmain, TBC-I¹ 3164 . éc fri hadart death against a pillow i.e. a natural death Lib. Hymn. i 62.72 (see adart). fri etnu dam ... bátár fedmand la firu Herend = [till then] the loads had been harnessed to the foreheads of the oxen LU 10816 (= Ériu xii 178 ). tennait a n-ette fria curpu press their wings against their sides LU 2281 ( FA 33 ). cf. doimmaircet ind eoin a n-ette friu ┐ a cossa can scibud ette ná cosse co tairic in precept the birds fold their wings, etc. LU 1361 . dosnimthasa i llai a broit fri a bruinde `gathered her to his bosom in the fleece of his cloak' Ériu xii 154y . co tard a druim frisin liic leaned his back against the stone LU 3284 ( SCC 8 ). dossleced fria thoeb he let them (i.e. his arms) fall to his sides SR 5091 = no thimoirced a lama fria thoeb, LB 124b29 (cf. LU 1361 above).

In local sense of attached to or pending from: úathroic ... cona cimais do banór fria having a fringe LU 6421 . beilge óir friu golden bits on them TBFr. § 3 . srian ... fria graig, LU 3649 . Cf. srian do thabairt fria thoil to bridle his passion PH 4990 (see srían). Cf. la I (a).

Here perhaps: i ngialnai fri fraigid in hostage-ship at the wall LU 7015 ; 7295 ( BDD 66 ; 94 ). (of the brazen serpent, Numbers xxi 9 :) turgabar fri crann ... uasin [t]slúag fri sirsellad let it be hung on a pole to be gazed at SR 4163 .

Cf. an carracc ard ar cuiretar ... an Tigerna da teilgen ría sís to cast him down from it Maund. 106 . tuitim sioss re beinn an ailt, Fl. Earls 86z .

(c) against (implying violence or hostility; cf. III e): rop saiget húan fri demnai, Hy i 20 . friu conuccaib ind oub, Hy v 54 . conéracht Glaiss Ch. friu the stream C. rose against them (= to bar the way) LU 5362 . Cf. conocbath in carpat fris ... ┐ concligtis ind h[e]ich fris the chariot would tilt up before him and the horses would spring at him Ériu vi 134.21 . bēim a cinn fri cloich, Ml. 139c3 . beim cind fri hall, LL 225b38 (see benaid). esarcain cind fri hallib, 176b33 . aiges (feras) in tond frisin mbruach, Anecd. i 12.19 (21) . cf. FB 44 , see fri. See also phrases with cúl, druim(m), lám).

(d) next to, at: folt dond fri toind a chind, folt croderg iar n-airmedon, LU 2564 . dond fri toind cind, 6542 . lene de sról ... i custul fri gelcnes ... dó, 6296 . léne ... sita fria gelchnes, 1810 . cona luirigh ... ria cnes ... ┐ lethan sciath fria gualaind, Stair Erc. 1243 . In this use frequent with ais, cnes, taeb.

II To express association, along with, beside (of local or mental relations, cf. V d): ní bí friu hi comasndeis it is not with them in apposition Sg. 212a5 . in tan mbís nihelas do .u. fri .g. when u is silent beside g, 6b11 . nobiad fri femen `it would be [used] with the feminine' 207b2 . ní biat remsuidigthi friu `there are no prepositions with them' 215a5 (cf. biit remsuidigthi ... cen briathra leo ib. 6). See also s.v. comṡuidigud. is tabarthi `bonum est' fri cechtar in da fersa so, Ml. 112d1 . cen tabairt anman trén fríu, 30a9 (see do-beir). ni bai crand dond indsi fri aroile (i.e. the walls were shattered) Anecd. i 2.5 . ar choibnius frisna comaccomla sa, Sg. 203a10 . in oentid fri Crist, Wb. 15a12 . ni ba suair[c] comlepaid no comaentu frissi, TBC-LL¹ 2079 (fris St) In: ni reid bith fris im longud no im ligi, LU 5957 , the meaning may be different; see atá (fri). toeb fri toeb ata in ri is Eocho F. side by side LU 2839 (see taeb). comaitecht re hairdrigh, ZCP viii 116.5 . méraid ra cách a chumne TBC-LL¹ 740 (here perhaps: meraid hua chlaind fri claind Ml. 100b4 ). is frit mo chairde `with Thee is my compact' Fél. Ep. 534 . (see cairde). iar corai fri I. after making a pact with I. SR 5946 . Cf. córe fri Dia, Wb. 2d16 . is core doib fribsi (gl. salutate invicem) 18b19 . bad chore dúib friu, 7b4 ; - 14 (`lit. let it be peace to you towards them' Thes., but the original meaning of córe points to `with' as the sense of the prep. here). Cf. also: biid pax libsi fri cách (gl. cum omnibus hominibus pacem habentes) 5d33 .

Here probably: isi no beired teora pōc fria cach copān ... dō, TBC-I¹ 2218 . Cf. further: hi cocetul fri Eman in unison with Hib. Min. 4.12 . do dlommad E. is A. ... fri gorta, SR 1419 . ara toimlid fri sid sain | toirthi Parduis, 1085 . taed as fri sidh ┐ fri subha `let him go ... in peace and happiness' AFM 979 .

In this sense with verbs of joining, connecting, also occasionally with verbs of motion and in nominal phrases, such as imma llé fri, immaróen fri, see s.v. , óen (cf. Ériu xiv 142 n . ) also cos, taeb.

In: crithnaigset ... immar bocsimin fri sruth the meaning of the prep. is doubtful. curtar a fuigill re sruth ┐ re fairgi `be the remnant cast out to be carried off by the sea-tide' O'Gr. Cat. 182w . Cf. perhaps: Drochet Atha do dhul re sruth `D. was carried away by the flood' ALC i 260.7 , though these may be exx. of the confusion of re (FRI) with le (LA). curcas fri sruth, FB 44 ; `against a stream' Strachan ZCP iii 419 . Cf. Ériu i 194.4 . See 1 téit and la I (d).

Passing into sense in addition to: tris fer friu (gl. te tertium) Sg. 2a5 . cethri chet bliadan ... a noe sechtmogat fri sein, Rawl. 68b31 ( ZCP iii 18 ). Cf. is fri ni dona salmaib dognid a figild, Mon. Tall. § 5 . fris sin moreover, besides , Leb. Gab.(i) i 88.1 . Hugh Roe 114.1 (f. 30b) . Cf. mod. freisin. For a special sense of with see Mon. Tall. cited under V (d).

III To express fig. direction (cf. V a);

(a) aim, purpose, freq. of function, specific purpose: cen nech dim chlaind frim foraithmet to preserve my memory Ml. 23d9 . ce notechtad ilgotha fri inchosc in mrechtraid sin `that it should possess many sounds to express that variety' Sg. 197a11 . ní fris arícht fri slond persine it was not for that it was invented, to signify person ib. (cf. cid arna airecht pronomen ... dia ṡlund, 198b3 ). in bríg frissa ndéntar a saithar sin the value for which that labour is performed Wb. 11a9 . am loor fri cach reit (gl. ego ... dedici, in quibus sum, sufficiens esse) 24b16 . altoir ... | fri loscud n-edpart an altar for burning [ = on which to burn] offerings SR 4162 . dá magh ... do ṡlaidhi ... co rabad do grés fri geilt do ceithrib ┐ fri trebad do daīnib, Ériu xii 150.6 . primepscop ... accu fri huirdned a n-oessa graid, fri coisecrad a n-eclas ┐ fri hanmchairdes do ḟlaithib, etc. Ériu i 218.2 . sechtmoga fer fria cobair to aid them SR 4196 . drong ngilla ... fri timthirecht, 6280 . ra ergitar ... dalemain fri dail, LL 173a27 ( CRR 13 ). mōr salm | fri hindarba plāg-tedmann, BColm. 70.8 . slóged hi crích ... fri indnaide slogid tairse a hosting into a country to delay a hosting (coming) across it Críth G. 511 . fergniae fri forngaire ndoirseo, 591 . In this sense perhaps in: fót fri haltóir, see 1 fót (d). pars de feoil fri foimtin terci as a precaution against scarcity Mon. Tall. § 12 . Here perhaps: dognith Saul intleda ... fri Duaid used to lay snares against D. Ml. 30a3 . techt do Roim ... fri foglaim n-ecnai, Trip.² 241 . roairis re sloind senchasa he remained to relate Ériu iv 152.6 [or remained relating ? See VI (a)]. cid frisi farcbad int id for what end the withe was left LU 4752 (= cid imma ndernad int id, TBC-LL¹ 597 ). cid frisindrolais in cloich why hast thou thrown the stone ? LU 5092 . o tancamair friss `since we have come for it' ( = for that purpose) Fél. 72.24 (cf. inní imo tainic ib. 30 ). co ndernur inní fris tánac LU 4347 . Cf. doluid Saul fri tāirsin David i fus, SR 5959 . lurech imme ... fri cathugud, SR 5757 . treb Leue ... immon eclais fria immarchur, 4883 . docúaidh B. frissan umaloitt sin gusin muilenn `on that service' BNnÉ 26 § 19 . téit féin re toisc ┐ re túrus a crichaib na hEspáine on business CCath. 1806 , cf. do chuaidh gach aon rea dtoisgibh ┐ rea dturasaibh féin, ML 26x (= le tosgaib fein, ML² 347 ). The follg. perhaps are elliptical: the idea represented is anticipating, forestalling: dogniad pars de feoil fre terci do t[h]ecmong = as a provision against the occurrence of scarcity Mon. Tall. § 12 . do na .u. gaiscedaib dec no bitís ... hi tegluch C. fri maidm n-airm no fri gabáil ngasced do neoch LU 5046 . Cf. Fél. Nov. 14 cited VI b.

(b) after adjs. in sense of Lat. gerund with ad or supine in -u: leiscc .i. fri fognam, Wb. 31b23 . conid mesc fria rim so that it is confusing to count it LU 4794 . ba gnim ṅdangen fri himluad, SR 7229 . ingnad fria innisin, LU 2074 ( FA 15 ). adhbal rea n-innisi prodigious to recount ZCP viii 204 § 26 . cenco beth ... and acht C. ba lór fri immarbaig, LL 107a19 ( Ériu iv 28 ). lia iná rúainne ... re n-áireamh, IGT, Decl. ex. 1201 . Cf. atait ... re a ttaispenadh go follus are plainly to be seen Fl. Earls 50.12 . In this use modern Irish has le (LA).

(c) to express direction of feelings; behaviour towards, after nouns or adjs., both of persons and things (cf. I a and V a): conroib deserc leu fri cách, Wb. 26d22 . fáilte fri noíbu, 7b2 (see fáilte). ar formut fribsi, 12c29 (see format and formtech). ropat ḟáilti frimsa, Fél. Dec. 18 (see fáilid). hissel fri hard, sleman fri garb, ZCP iii 447z . anmne fri fochaidi, 449.15 (see ainmne). mailli fri cloc slowness at (answering) the bell ib. 21 . dána fri tōla tromsluaig daring in face of an army SR 5778 . uair ná dernsam huimli fri forngaire, 1854 . ar gart friu for generosity to them ZCP viii 313.12 . créd nach frim atā a maithe ? why is not their bounty bestowed on me ? ACL iii 296 § 38 . ní ar maith friu it is not for their good Wb. 4b37 . ar ulc friu, Ml. 72b22 . tar aesi n-uilc huai[m] se friusom, 74a2 (see also s.v. maith, olc). bad chert do cluchi frim play fair with me LU 5228 . ar ngabáil bāide ... dō rena ardnaem having conceived affection for his high saint BCC § 12 . lére duit frí ríg ngréne ┐ réde fri doíni, Ériu i 193 . is buide linn frib (gl. rogamus vos) Wb. 25a39 (see 2 buide). is maith robai Dia rind, SR 1905 . ní maith ro mbátar frim they have not treated me well LU 4891 . Cf. is maith ro ngabus fritt, TBFr. § 11 . bad faitig frisin foirin sin (gl. observate eos) Wb. 24a23 (see faitech). bid cennuis a gnuis risin lucht ra-nadh (= frisndid) rathmar to whom he is gracious KMMisc. 156.124 . in maith frit menma ind airdríg whether the king is well-disposed to thee SR 6114 . ba fearr di frib menma bar mathar, RC xxiv 56 ( YBL 206a47 ). Cf. is beite duit menma fris `thou must take heed of him' Ériu xii 176.16 . Similarly in expressions like: do-gní maith (trócaire, etc.) fri (see do-gní). nech no comaildfed fir fer frimb uime RC xiii 29.6 .

(d) of prayer, etc. to: irnigde fri Dia, Wb. 4d18 . cf. abstanait fri Dia, PH 4988 . ro throiscset ... fri Dia im a ḟurtacht, 7258 (see troiscid). im aīne fri Dia cora faillsigthi dō ... fasting towards God, that ... might be revealed to him Ériu v 120.12 . Similarly: frit, a rí ..., mo dēr | conom thī ... Mīchēl, SR 2091 . co ndēraib frisin coimdid, PH 6292 . (cf. use with ad-teich). cossoít a thuaithe fri Dia, Wb. 5a23 (see cosaít). Here, perhaps, should come such expressions as the following: ar Christ frit, aithirigh pēin dam, Cáin Ad. 13 . ar do chubus riut, a ingen, crét tuc ort ?, Acall. 6012 . ar bar cubus rib..., crét..., 5476 . ar fir do chubais riut..., 5824 . cf. 4544 . ar t'ḟírinne riutsa, nā furáil, CCath. 1659 .

(e) of hostile feeling, attitude, conduct towards: fri aicned contrary to nature Wb. 2c25 . ba fri aicned ... in talam ... do indluch, Ml. 129d8 . frisin n-uall (gl. adversum inflationem mentis) 68c1 . trifar pecthu fri Dia through your sins against God 115b8 . Common after verbs of opposing, hindering, fighting: hóre nád comeicnigther nech fri toil no one is constrained against [his] will Wb. 28b1 . tuidecht fri toil Dé resistance to God's will 4c23 (see do-tét). cf. o dorala ... | frim thala mac I. | duit ... | niba céle SR 6014 , where opposition seems implied despite the similar phrase cited below under V (d). soud a gnuso fri nech frisa mbi ferc do (gl. ne auertas [faciem tuam] a me Ml. 47d8 (`to turn his countenance from one against whom he cherishes anger' Thes., but surely `fri nech' here must also mean either against ... or towards ... ? See soïd). fergach fris Fíadu, SR 6837 . iar ndebaid do fri Duid, 6994 . na cathaig frim do not contend with me 2877 . ni sirsan do Ch. a n-imned i tá a óenur fri firu Herend not happy for C is the trouble in which he is, alone against the men of E. LU 5995 . Cf. do thoitim fria Cu | ba dirsan sad that thou shouldst fall by [ = fighting against] C. (?) TBC-I¹ 2715 (see also III g). Mairg fris ticfa a ḟerg ... Mairg ticfa re cert, Fen. 200 (see do-icc). ar bruc fris `in displeasure at him' Mon. Tall. § 58 . namthi garga fri sluagh nA., ACL iii 297 § 55 . atat frim hi cotarsnai, SR 1520 . Cf. ni bia th'anim fri fugall | ind ríg hí laithiú brótho, Ériu i 196 § 13a . With adj.: cotarsne fri Dia, Wb. 26a18 . is torcda ┐ is díchéill notaí frim, LU 10831 (= Ériu xii 172 ). is bairnech mo menma frit, LU 10832 (= ib.). is tromda atai rim, RC vi 183.13 . olc roba rim, Ériu v 208.8 (see III c). Here perhaps: tromde ... ro buí frisim ind chaillech oc atach Dé, Mon. Tall. § 7 (= do bhí sí roliosda ar Dh., Rule of Tallaght § 41 ). But cf. VII below.

(f) To express protection, guard, defence, watch against: gabthe dūnad les fris, Ml. 55c1 . inna cathrach conrotacht la Duaid fri Ebustu, 48d27 . múr trén ... fri dóini, fri demnai, Fél. Ep. 152 . tocuiriur etrum ... inna huli nert so fri cech nert n-amnas in ..., Hy vii 49 . cor gabad Sinann friu the Shannon was held (defended) against them RC xviii 10.28 . gébtaít ar tír frind, LU 4634 (see gaibid). iadad Caisil frim eochu the closing of C. to my horses Anecd. iii 63.4 . cóir duit arechus ri siút, TBC-LL¹ 1280 (aire do tabairt fri ... St; see 1 aire). Dia lem fri cech snīomh, Ériu iv 236 . Crist credal fri demnaib, ACL iii 221.12 . dín ... re holcaib, ZCP viii 202.18 . Of limitation, boundary: nā bí crích la nech fri peccad that no one sets a limit to sin Ériu i 218.9 . Cf. samaiges crích fri aidchi, Hy ii 55 , corresp. to contra noctem terminum pones, Ardm. 8a1 . See also s.v. inillius.

(g) In elliptical sentt.: leic ... in fognam, ol se; ni lamaim, ol sī, frisin rigain = I dare not disobey the Queen RC xxiv 192 (but perh. FRI here = because of; see V b ). ro an ... ina aenar ru remained alone to oppose them ZCP vi 56.31 . rofetursa a n-as maith dúib fris I know a good way for you to deal with him LU 5934 . tarmairt mo Dia dil frisin tuaid ... a cor fo leittreib lethglenn = my dear God had well nigh (in His resentment) against them cast them down ... SR 4718 . Cf. lām fri idal to renounce idolatry SR 4845 (see lám).

IV

(a) after adjs. and nouns denoting resemblance or equality (esp. those compounded with com-) and vbs. of resembling or comparing: cosmil fri cethir (gl. animalis) Wb. 8b14 . cutrummus fri Dia, 17c8 . i cutrummus fribsi 17b14 . ɔodernain hi cutrummus frim cheliu `to do like my fellows' PCr. 2a2 . (pariter) fri, Sg. 77a2 . i tomus fri nech Wb. 17b11 . intamail ... fri nech, Ml. 22c1 . cen a chondelg fri nech, Sg. 42a6 . cosmaili tuisil `sui' fri tuisliu `ego' ┐ `tu', 200a12 . (similiter) fri, 203a5 . cf. (eandem significationem habens) .i. fri `cum', 218a1 . diatā oenḟolaid ... frissin Athair, PH 177 . ba cudruma re core mōr é, RC xviii 183 . ni caithedh acht coibeis fri gach manach he used to eat only as much as any other monk BNnÉ 300 § 3 . nir chumma nech ris im chath, Metr. Dinds. iv 344 . ru boí i comré ri Cormac, LL 3796 (30a) . i comhrē ris coeval with him Moling 4 . rogheanair i n-aenuair fria was born at the same time as she BB 406bz (= Dinds. 111 ). Cf. IX (b).

Replacing O. Ir. construction with equative: comdhub fri hec, Thr. Ir. Gl. 36 (prull) = duibidir éc, Corm. Y 1059 . Bodl. comard fri fid, Ériu iv 138.26 . meidithir fria hasal as big as an ass Marco P. 10 . corbo chomfota frisin sroin LU 6472 .

See also verbs and adjs. of comparison, e.g. 1 do-ella, samlaithir, in-samlathar; cosmail, 2 cutrummae, etc.

(b) to express difference, distinction from : frissaní immeraidtis (gl. longe aliud) Ml. 61c12 . sain fri .c. `different to c' Sg. 6b7 . do dechor fri praenomna aili, 28a13 . huare nád deligedar fri praenomen , 28a15 . do dechrugud persine fri alaili, 202a4 . is allail pronomen aní sin fri `sui' (gl. `is' aliud pronomen...) 209b10 . (differentia) fri, 213b15 , gl. contra 214b4 . Cf. nipo choím less frinn He was not dear to Him compared to us (?) Wb. 4b12 [Fraser l.c. suggests this rendering, ZCP viii 41 n . `in our case (?),' Thes.].

See s.v. 1 dechor, dechraigidir, deiligidir and other words of similar meaning.

V

(a) with respect to, with regard to (cf. III c) : is sain fri cath sain fri scor different for battle, different for unyoking (of trumpet-call) Wb. 12c46 . idain fri cach réit faithful as to 31c13 . cen chinaid n-uaim fri nech, Ml. 54d16 (see cin). nach é Dia is ciontach riú is to blame for them TSh. 10499 . as eola fri aidgne ind Athar, Wb. 19d9 . it maithi a arilti frib `He deserves well of you' (`literally good are his merits as to you' Thes.) Wb. 16c11 . airle Dé fri Herind, LL 49b13 ( Hail Brigit § 2 ). .iiii. seóit a dire ... is fechem is fiadnaisi friu `four seds are his `dire'-fine ... he is a suitor and witness for them' (i.e. he is liable to that extent) Laws iv 308.2 ( Críth G. 138 ). is amlaid in t-athair frisin mac ngor; ... nimtha in t-athair frisin mac n-ingor thus the father acts with regard to the dutiful son; ... not so with regard to the undutiful one Laws iii 56. 22 ; z 0 . ba fria as-breth: cruth cách co hÉtaín 'of her was it said, 'every woman is fair till compared with Étaín'' BDD 43-44 , Celtica xv 57 . 'fer hi lorcc so,' ol in fer deginuch fri Nero 'a man is following us,' said the last man with regard to Nera RC x 216.48 . conidh ed isberdís cách fris, Cóir Anm. ii § 150 .

Cf. further: crādiis Ultu fri Cethirnd guin Fécc the slaying of F. imbittered the U. against C., ZCP viii 305.32 . ferdha a cathuibh iat, ar is friu ronnaltadh oc imairecc fria geinnti, Marco P. 189 . ro alt ... ind ingen co digrais fri légend ┐ gaís, LL 279a47 ( SG 413 ). Possibly the last two exx. belong rather to III (a), also : is me is cintach fris ni he is cintach frim, BB 479b14 (see cintach). See also : a lleth fri, s.v. leth.

(b) on account of (cf. VI b) : ro lega in snechta ... fri meit brotha in miled, LU 5858 . ba lond F. friside (-suidi), RC xxvi 12 § ix . saeth mār fri luga dige great distress from [?] lack of drink Fianaig. 12 § 20 . cid mís no bheinn gun ríg thess | ro-fess ná bíad mo scís fris, ACL iii 304.20 . ní ḟaicim-si ... ni rís budh choir t'obadh for which it were right to refuse thee Ériu iii 154.5 . atchess ... na haīble tened ... uasachind re fiuchud na ferge, LU 6466 . ba mertnech Moisi fri hilchaingni ... fri orddugugd cāich fo mām, SR 4542 . batar toirsech fri Moisi, 3886 (in these two exx. fri = oc of prose LB 122a etc.). féimdid sim imt[h]echt fri scíss he cannot go on from weariness BColm. 94.16 . ni ro chotail C. fri himṡním, LB 274a55 . ni faict[h]e ise fri feidm a léiginn she used not be seen because of her duty of study ACL iii 308 VI 13 . Cf. la III a.

(c) on behalf of: aitchitt an C. ris comad he noberad, etc. they beseech the Lord for him that it might be he BColm. 98.15 . dogníther airnaigthi frisin ríg co nambed fot saegail do, MacCongl. 59.23 . ica cantain fria Cianoig chanting (a prayer) for C. ZCP vii 308.7 . Cf. also : ata mo briathar ┐ mo comairghi fria ar Tuatha D., Ériu xii 152.9 . o doratsat briathair fris, CCath. 1236 . in tī bes rí is fris beimmi, ZCP viii 316.3 . See do-beir, gell, and ráith.

(d) according to ; in agreement with, with pers. somet. = in obedience to: ni ni nach breith nā bi fri canoin cumtastar [sic leg.] no judgement is valid that is not framed according to the canon Corm. Y 1224 . cf. manib fri fasach fuirmider, Ériu xii 199.23 . fri mes airechta adrimter, Laws iv 298.25 ( Críth G. 22 ). fri saltair nogebad ... a salmu by the psalter (i.e. with the psalter before him), Mon. Tall. § 39 , cf. ni lugae mbis ind menme hisin cheill dia gabail ind tsailm de memur indas cid fri saltair ib.). fosernd clothri Connacht ... fri senchus ... fri buaid ┐ breatha in conformity with (the claims of) pedigree, with prowess and legal decision ZCP viii 108.10 = Ériu v 234 . bid som iarum fria toil (= they will be able to do as they like) Mon. Tall. § 35 (= go mbid ... aca ara ttoil fein, Rule of Tallaght § 35 ). fri tala ind rig ... domrala I am about the king's business SR 6187 (Rex praecepit mihi 1 Reg. xxi 2 ). cia ro delb fria thuil a ndath who coloured them to please himself (?) SR 7675 . For FRI TOIL in a different sense, see III (e). Cf. nitattorbi fri toil Dé (gl. non omnia expediunt 1 Corinth. x 22 ) `against God's will' Thes., Wb. 11b 17a . Also : ind tí dogní ní do maith fria menmain fadesin ... ar ind bo neoch gabti he who does a good thing in accordance with his own inclination ... should openly proclaim it Mon. Tall. § 21 (= chuirios ní maith ... do dheunamh uaidhe fein, Rule of Tallaght 71 ).

VI

(a) with vn. or other abstract after subst. vb. or equivalent = to be at, engaged in or about to engage in (some occupation, process ; cf. III a) : in tinscanfam .i. in biam fris (gl. incipimus ... commendare ?) Wb. 15a1 . ní uisse do mug Dae buith fri debuid to be at strife 30b26 . cf. ní bethe fria acre, 9c20 . ni piam fri aithirgi, 30b17 . ni biat som fria togais adi (= non fallacia ad quoscumque loquuntur) Ml. 31a17 . cechtar nathar fria saindān `each ... at his special art' Thes. ii 293.14 . feib donrala fri comrad, SR 1214 . indí ... bíte fri tnúith `those that are given to lust' Mon. Tall. § 11 . nebbuith fri éthech not to be lying Ériu ii 64 § 6 . céin bete fri soíthar while they shall be at work Fél. Ep. 298 . in tan natbi fri frestal na n-anmand when he is not attending to LB 110b43 (cf. SR 1199 ). ní mo chean ... tarrla re freastal ... na fairrgi sin, CF 42 . amail do beith se re goibhnecht ríam as if he had always been at smith's work BCC § 92 . na saoithe do bhí re seanchus, Keat. i 74 . cuirim suas don ghrádh, | ní fiú é bheith ris, Dánta Gr. xiv 3 . Cf. boí a ben fri idna in travail LU 105.86 (see 1 idu). Similarly without subst. vb. : nachitochthad fria choscc `let him not wear thee out in admonishing him' Wb. 31d11 . conus tarttsat fria ttoghairm chuca an lucht they set about calling the people Hugh Roe § 8 . Cf. airfitech re tetaib, ACL iii 223.23 (= Keat. ii 5358 ). dias fri cerdacht, SR 190 (perh. III a). dá mbeinn re héagnach `had I purposed to revile' Content. v 7 (cf. le hóradh bhriat[h]ar da mbeinn, Ó Héodhusa 4 ). In class. lang. `re' is used with vn. to express futurity : an chathair atá ré teacht ( = civitatem futuram) TSh. 2751 . i n-oirchill na n-olc bhíos ré tuirling orra, 532 .

(b) denoting the occasion (event, cause, etc.) on or from which something takes place (some of the exx. could be explained as extensions of other uses (cf. V b ; IX a) ; often the construction is elliptical) : gaibed cach a greimm ... | fria brethir in primsacairt, SR 4400 . ba huisse soillse fri éitsecht na noeb at the death Hy ii 60 . Cf. co mbidis i nd-aenmaigin fria n-ég, Corm. Y 1233 (fri héc LB. ria n-ec LL 179b ). fri gein Críst ... tindscan lechsa léri, Fél. Nov. 14 (cf. III a). ro eirgis fri breithir Isu, PH 2780 . ret[h]it daim ... ri dorddan na damgaire, Ériu vii 2 § 1 . phreab as G. risan gair, Ériu i 18.33 . ac cantain cheóil ... fris coteltais Síl Adaim, LL 3305 ( Ériu xiv 156 ).

VII To denote mental subjective attitude, in the opinion of (cf. similar use of Lat. apud, and see la) : ni cumdabairt fri Cirine is tre metur Jerome does not doubt Hib. Min. 6.187 . nad maith fri C. ciasperthar ..., 7.235 . frithir frisin mac i n-ebras riss, Ériu vii 225 ( LL 209a16 ). ba bind fri cach na canaind, LU 1301 (`sweet to all was what I said' Imr. Brain ii 298 . But this may be ex. of : canaid fri). bid inmain fria cách a ainm loved of all PH 4299 . ba hingnad mor frisin popul sin, 2959 . ba mo a grad fri Gargán oldait a uli cethra G. loved him more than all his cattle 7178 . Cf. Mon. Tall. § 7 cited under III (e) where the meaning seems different. gurbh annsa ré hEóin Críost ioná ré Peadar Christ was dearer to John than to Peter TSh. 10327 .

VIII

(a) to denote agent (a late use, mostly in texts in artificial style). ar na bennughadh fri sanctuss Silvester consecrated by Fl. Earls 196.19 . laech ... frisimbia mo thiglecht (= who will cause my death) Metr. Dinds. iv 360 (but perh. this is ellipt. and belongs to III (e) ; cf. TBC2 cited there). romarbtha na maithe ... frisna crechairib LB 154a63 . in lucht frisa tucad in digal .i. Uespiam ┐ Titus ib. 16 . Constantiana ... .i. eclas rocúmdaiged fri Constantin 157b48 . Of parenthood : trī meic Medba fri Fergus, Corp. Gen. 279.33 . sē meic do Mīlidh fri Scota ┐ dā mac frisin nEspānaig 'Míl had six sons of Scota, and two sons of the Spanish woman', ITS xliv 64 § 424 . do chomthusmed clainni fri hA. to have children by A., Alex. 512 .

(b) to denote instrument, through, by means of, by dint of (cf. similar uses of Engl. `with') : sénais Brigit fria bachaill with her crozier Hy v 58 T = lia F. fria noebainm ... séntae cech slóg subach by [or at ?] his holy name every happy host was sained Fél. Prol. 99 . ícaid [Tipra C.] gallrae ... fri troscud aici, BColm. 52.15 . argain fri daigid (destroying by fire LL 107a21 ( Ériu iv 28 ), cf. multi nobiles ceciderunt ... fri daigidh ro horta uile, AU 900 (see RIA Dict. s.v. daig). go nach deachaidh neach re siúbhal ... as no one escaped by flight ML 88.31 . re dán nglas ... dán breaghdha do bhréagnachadh with a simple poem to refute an elaborate one Content. vii 13 . ro ēirigh fri nert seoin ┐ solaid, Moling § 4 (possibly = with here cf. dol ar fairrge ... ré cóir na gaoithe = with a favourable wind ML 36z = le ML² 466 . cuir me ... chum seoil ... re cóir ghloin, Measgra D. 48.16 ).

IX In expressions of time :—

(a) in O. Ir. in locatival sense in phrase : fri dē by day, in the day-time Ml. 121d8 . Wb. 6a30 . fri dei, 9a5 , 24d14 , 26b17 . Cf. in gabail fri dei ... in gabail cech ráithi a catch (of fish) daily (?) Trip. 250.14 (2950) . fri díe, Mon. Tall. § 55 . fri haidchi by night Trip. 208.25 (2452) . gl. contra noctem Lat. Lives 18 . re lá, Ériu iii 148 § 3 . arna imbreth ... i n-aidchi cía nosgonad fri dé, LU 5609 .

(b) usually to denote period during which something continues or takes place : 'na fuair frisna secht ṁbliadnaib SR 3394 . fri a n-aimsir in their time Laws iv 210.28 . niro chotail C. frisin ré sin, LU 6337 . fria ré hi fut a saegail for their lifetime SR 5932 . bai cocad mor etarro fri re ciana RC xxiv 186 . batar ... fri re secht la amlaid sin, ACL iii 225.1 . conosrala for sechrán fri re bliadna co lleith, LU 1279 . bá-sa i Tul T. fri ré inna dílenn, Ériu iv 144y . maith graig dorat damh rem lá in my day ACL iii 304.23 . D. ba talchar fria ré in his day Metr. Dinds. ii 40 . dorumaltsa ... m'aimsir fri hamsir Nemid, LU 1276 . nir siubhuil in conuir-so re bliadhain aenridiri for a year past ZCP vi 104 z.

(c) fixing a limit within which something takes place : ni ba marb-sa fri sin I shall not die before that ZCP i 105.4 (co sin v.l.). Cf. also the locative use in Marco P. 11 cited I (a). tanic ... uidi na .xii. mís fri .xii. laa made the twelve months' journey in twelve days LB 139a31 . icuis fri teorai nomaidhe within thrice nine days RC xii 66x . nos ithend ... friha brathad sula in the twinkling of an eye LU 1895 ( RC x 56 ; fri b. v.l.) do imredar ... re trí lá, ┐ ní ruc G. énchluichi rissin, Acall. 1348 .

(d) of point of time ; in some cases approaching VI (b) above. fri dead n-aissi, SR 2829 . in tan nadbi fri húair i fos | frithalmi when he is not here at the hour of attending ... 1199 (cf. LB 110b43 cited under VI (a) above). cech dūil ... rosdelb fri oenuair, SR 7864 (similarly 7234 , 7386 ). grend Muman ... grend Connacht ... ra hóen-úair at the same time Ériu i 130.36 ( LL 46b ). buaidh ... damh fri deiredh mo ṡaoghail, ACL iii 231.1 . ra dered flatha Domnaill, LL 185a48 ( Arch. Hib. ii 85 ) = Rawl. 154a52 . Rí dorat na deich plāga | forthu fri huair combāga, SR 3942 . ? cid fri geld bāis nobeth `though he were at the point of death.' Mon. Tall. § 48 (see gell). re húair nfaicsiona at the time of looking RC xxix 128.13 . fri huair tacrai do ghníma, Ériu ii 228.7 .

(e) in follg. exx. perhaps used for ria before: na buidne ... robatar fria Crist...rofhogain don Choimdid fria tuidecht soscela (= turbae quae praecedebant ... ante evangelium) PH 4573 . dorad som a cuibidil fria mbass made his confession before death RC xviii 53.19 . Cf. co ro muid fri maccu Israel, LB 122b47 = re, YBL 293b40 (corresp. to mebaid remib SR 4765 ).

(f) In later lang., 3 s. ris occurs as adv. bare, exposed, uncovered : mar do leig ris a n-aoinfheacht 'how it left [her] uncovered at once' Duan. F. ii 332 § 9 , Éigse ix 228 . do theilg Ercuill a bhrat de ┐ ro leig a lorg ┐ in croicenn leomainn ro buí re cnes ris, ITS xxxviii 997 (Stair Ercuil) . chonarcadar a ccroicinn go coirtighthi buídhe ris, Smaointe B. Chr. 150 . ó bhí mo chroiceann-sa nochtuighthe síos reis, 160 . cia d’innis doit-se a bheith nochtuighthe síos reis (leis, v.l.), 161 . See also la VI (d), léicid.

X In regular or occasional construction with many verbs (and nouns of cognate meaning with them), e.g., those of speaking, addressing, boasting, complaining, asking, thanking ; meeting, touching, striking, rubbing, grinding ; listening ; waiting, expecting ; entrusting ; co-operating, associating, helping ; visiting ; resembling, comparing, differing ; parting, severing (from) ; doing (something to), acting (towards), giving, distributing, apportioning ; requiting, paying, selling ; refusing, rejecting, denying ; hindering, restricting, opposing, combating, etc. See especially : ad-cosnai, ad-gair, ad-teich, ad-tluichethar (attlugud), aigid, 1 anaid, ar-báigi, as-beir, benaid, beirid, 1 caithid, canaid, 1 cingid, comalnaithir, 1 con-clich, con-delca, con-gní, con-ricc, con-sní, con-túaisi, crenaid, dálaid, dlomaid, do-beir, do-gní, do-icc, do-rogaib, do-slí (tuillem buide fri), do-sluindi (diúltad), do-tét, dúnaid, 2 erbaid, fáiltigid(ir), feraid, fo-gella (2 fuiglid), fo-rig, fris-oirg, fris-tairissethar, fris-taít, gaibid (fris-gaib), gellaid, íadaid, 1 íccaid, imm-beir, imm-fogni, imm-fresna, in-samlathar, in-túaisi (éistid), labraithir (labraid), laigid, 1 ligid, lingid, 1 luigid, meilid (con-meil), naiscid, ráidid (ol, ar), rannaid, renaid, saethraigidir, scaraid (and compds.), soïd (do-soí), 1 téit, tongaid.

gabul

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gabul or dil.ie/25068
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: gabhal, gobhal, gabhal, ā, gabul, gobul, gabla, goible, gaible, gaibhle, (mur-)gabuil, gabail, gabail, gabul, gabhal, gabail, gabal, gabol, gobol, (muir-)gobuil, gabail, -gabla, gábla, gabla, Gabul

n o, m. and ā, f. gabhal (ā, f.), IGT Decl. § 12 ; gobhal, gabhal, ā, f., § 192 . Gender seems to vary sometimes with sense. n s. gabul, Sg. 45b20 . LU 4804 . gobul, LU 401 . g s. na gabla , LU 4800 ; 4811 ; 9193 . TBC-LL¹ 683 . goible, Laws v 360.15 . gaible, LL 193b52 . gaibhle, Tribes of Irel. 58 . in (mur-)gabuil, , Metr. Dinds. iii 194 ( LL 196a38 ). gabail, Fen. 120.18 . d s. gabail, Anecd. i 57 § 59 . RC xxvi 12 ( LL 186a56 ). TBC-LL¹ 2360 . gabul, LU 9061 ( FB 81 ). Ériu ii 194 § 9 . gabhal, RC xiv 52.19 . a s. gabail, LU 4796 . TBC-LL¹ 673 . LL 142a39 . gabal, CCath. 2960 . gabol, LL 284a16 . gobol, ib. 11 . n p. (muir-)gobuil, Ml. 45d12 . gabail, Laws iv 282.13 . a p. -gabla, LL 172b26 . gábla, Thr. Ir. Gl. 36.38 (s.v. prull). cetheora gabla , TBC-LL¹ 5645 (St). gablu, Laws iii 78.20 . g du. Mag Dá Gabul , LU 8508 ( FB 36 ).

(a) a fork: gl. furca, Sg. 45b20 . librither gabla a láma as long as pitchforks, Thr. Ir. Gl. 36.38 . Fig. of wreaths of steam, etc. scaiblín ... cona gáblaib gaile, MacCongl. 35.1 . g.¤ dluta some sort of a tool, pincers (?): gulban .i. gobul dlūta la sāiro, O'Mulc. 675.

(b) a forked branch of a tree: for cethora benna na gabla, LU 4800 = co tuc gobal ceithri mbeann fo a cinnu, Dinds. 144 . crichiditi limsa in gabul, TBC-LL¹ 781 . topacht gabail cethri ṁbend, 673 . i tóeb na gabla, LU 4808 ( TBC-I¹ 316 ). TBC-LL¹ 683.5030 . co ngabail chain ina lamaib, Anecd. i 57 § 59 . Used of a larger branch than the `cráeb,' the `gabul' being prob. a bough direct from the trunk and the `cráeb' a branch of such a branch: colpach ina ngablaib, dairt ina craeba, a `colpach'-heifer as fine for cutting their `gabla,' a `dairt'-heifer for their `cráeba,' Laws iv 146.23 . Cf. i 164.1 Comm. Of behaviour in horses that can cause injury to humans: cenn a ngabal, 'putting its head in the fork of a tree' CIH i 266.7 , EIF 153 .

(c) the fork of a gallows, a gibbet: riag no gabul (gl. patibulum), Sg. 53a20 . fer soerus di gabail `a man whom he frees from the gallows,' Laws iv 338.3 ( Críth G. 579 ). daer gabla an unfree person whom his patron has redeemed from the gallows: doer-ḟuidir .i. in daer aigenta noco n-e deirim acht daer gabla no crai, Laws v 518.18 Comm. Cf. however: in daor aicenta .i. fear gabar do ... gabail he, O'Curry 1212 ( H 3.18, 485a-b). in deoraidh .i. daer aicenta .i. [daer] gabla, Laws i 106.7 Comm. fuidir gola (.i. gablai .i. crucis), Ir. Recht, p. 65 § 7 (see also ib. pp. 25 , 76 ff., 79 ). fuidir goible (.i. gabar o gabail na croici .i. tar bragait), Laws v 360.15 . na manaig nuna ┐ gola ┐ gabla, iii 10.24 . furail gabla arda do breith ann `order high gibbets to be brought there,' Fier. 148.

(d) a (forked ?) beam, support or shaft (for diverse uses):

(1) a beam, a rafter (of a house): dolluid ... co rrabi inna sessom i mbun na gabla roboí hi ciund tened, LU 9193 ( FB 92 ). luid is tech ... co mbaí forsin irlár ┐ a lám forsin gabail, RC xxvi 12.22 (v.l. tuirid, H 3.18, 543yb ). Cf. rosforbair in gabul ... uas in tig cona torad forri, PH 1315 . gabhla ar ttighe `beams,' Canticles i 17 . gréas gach gallghabhla `the ornament of each foreign arch,' DDána 119.33 . ar bhun na gaibhle `on the rafter's end,' Tribes of Irel. 58.

(2) a support (a crook ?) for hanging a cauldron: in coire fiuchus for a gabluib, Laws i 46.26 Comm. cuit in tslóig ... ni berbther é ar oengabail, TBC-LL¹ 2360 . as iad ba gabhla dá ccoiredhaibh cáirn do chorpaibh na Lochlann, Thr. Frag. 124.1 . ra chuirset [in banb] forsin gabail i cionn na teined, SG 88. 18 , 21 . nech do chur fo ghabhail (an) choire (a mark of contumely): go gcuirfedh ... Fiond fo ghabhail an choire, Duan. F. i 4.8 . cur Cormaic mic Airt d'Fhiacha fo ghabhail coire, Content. iii 27 . Cormac fo ghabhail do chor, vi 119 . Cf. xv 50 ; xviii 107 .

(3) a pillar; with or without fulaing (g s.) a prop, an undersetting: cf. gabhalfulaing, posd[a], úaitne, más, `a base, pillar, undersetter,' Eg. Gl. 365 . co tugdais leo gabla oir ... i mbidis cu[i]g troigti fichet ┐ co scribdais a uili ... gnimrada ... intib (memorial pillars ?), IT ii2 105.8 . flesc for dib ṅgablaib lasin conair immetiagat `a rod on two forks' (a rail-fence ?), Ml. 45c9 . airdither slegh curadh cach cathgabal diobh agus rosuidigsetar cetheora gabla fo cech roth, TBC-LL¹ 5645 St. = da cathuaithne dec, 5643 . (Prob. props fixed under the wheels of portable besieging castles to act as brakes ?) Cf. cliatha iomdha do ghénamh aca, ┐ gabhla do chur fotha, ┐ tolladh an mhuir fotha, TFrag. 232.14 . Cf. in Carr B.D. [i.e. a spear] ... amlaid nobid, ┐ gobal fo bragaid `with a fork under its neck' [i.e. supporting it], Dinds. 14 . Of supports of the heavenly bodies: fúaim na ... rann ... ac tuitim ... da gablaibh fulaing, RC xxiv 382.17 . tuitfidh grian ┐ éasga dá rothaibh ┐ da ngabhlaibh go talamh, Uncat. MS. Cashel Lib. tuitim ó gabhlaibh don ghrein | go talmhuin, 24 L 5 (RIA.) 2.12 . go buain a gabhal ón ngréin, Timth. 1917.8 § 10 . 1 Kings vii 34 . Fig. upholder: Banbha ... ga chloinn | gabhla foirtille fulaing, IGT Decl. ex. 1918 . Giolla Criost ... gabhal fulaing chogaidh ┐ cosnamha Cenil Conaill, AFM ii 834.14 . Cf. ALC i 40.1 . AFM vi 2348.13 . na trí subáilche díadha ... as uaitnedha ┐ as gabla fulaing fán mbethaidh sbioradálta, Ó Héodhusa 13 . gabhla Thighe na Teamhrach, TD 9.3 . gabhla caomhChaithreach Cröoinn, 4.13 . fa gabhal de ceithre ghabhlaibh na hEagluise é (of St. Jerome), Eochairsg. 31.9 .

(4) yards (?) of a sail: corr-gabla siúil, CRR 11.4 .

(5) a weapon, a pronged spear (?): gabhal .i. sleagh, P. O'C. gabhla .i. sleagha, BB 191b sup. marg. O'Cl. la hiolar a n-éidedh n-allmharda ┐ a ngabhladh nglaisiaroinn, Hugh Roe § 31 .

(6) Of a pair of compasses : gabul ina laim ┐ da beind eisti ┐ doforni oen na n-aisill isin luaith, Ériu v 72 . hi catraig choéimchumaide fo gabulrind gábla, LB 130a56 . See also gabulrind.

(e) the fork of the body, the thighs: bá fodeirc dó folés na farrci foa gabul, LU 9061 ( FB 81 ). ecnach nem ┐ grían fo [a] gabal ara ḟot, Ériu iv 138.26 . co tuc glun ina gabal do, CCath. 2960 (Inguina ... insertis pedibus ... Luc. Phars. iv 628 ). is ech tened bís hi n-gabul (inna gabail v.l.) a marcaig a n-iffirn, Ériu ii 194 § 9 . each teneadh am gabhal, RC xiv 52.19 . caeca cubat 'na gabul, Dinds. 23 . fer na ra leic leithet da gabail bhadéin ... dit ḟerand dait, TBC-LL¹ 5997 . ech gabail ┐ sliasta, a riding-horse, Fen. 140.17 ; cf. 120.18 . coslomnocht ┐ a (sic leg.) leinte a ngobhal gc aon aca, their shirts tucked between their legs, Rel. Celt. ii 200.13 . maith a banscal roriastrat drochdoíne do gabol, ZCP xviii 92.8 ( LL 284a16 ). ib. 91.22 ( LL 284a11 ). a ndluigi in-a ṅgablaib na mna (as a mode of execution), LB 154b52 . urthach saer dobeir in ben fri uaitne, no a brisid oc a gabal, Laws i 180.12 Comm. (alternative gl. on: im sarurrach mban fri uatne, 176 ). gabul cumung na clainne, O'D. 81 ( H 3.17 c. 69 ) = Laws i 180.27 Comm.

(f) a bifurcation or angle in a glen, pass, etc.; the spit of land between two rivers (?): i ngobhal na ngleann, ZCP ii 362.38 . gabhla gruaid-fhliucha glenn, O'Gr. Cat. 459.4. In Laws some kind of enclosed land with special privileges (?): tar cro no tar gabail tire, Laws v 258.21 Comm. dar cro no gabal tire, i 98.20 Comm. Cf. geni goba acht lethgabail de `though it (the water) should pass through only half a step of it, AL iv 212.2 .

(g) a branch of a river, an arm or inlet of the sea forming a creek or river estuary (see muir, Compds.): gabhal do sruth Órt[h]anain, Anecd. ii 29.3 . coneracht g.¤ fairrge etarru, Trip. ii 486.21 (LB). gabhal mhara, Ériu iii 164 § 20 . Lism. L. 1486 . gabhal (sic leg.) mhuiridhe, Ériu iii 168 § 24 . tar gabail mara, Laws v 440.29 Comm. ised is gabhol mara ann cach bail na fetar cen luing no cen snam, iii 318.4 .

(h) Fig. a branch or ramification of a family; of a genealogical tree: fodla ┐ ilgabla mac Noe, Rawl. 72a48 . ben ... o dib gablaib, is de a athair d'Ulltaib ocus a mathair do feínib Temrach, Laws iv 18.2 gloss. ni cuirithur cuaird for gablu fine, ... on the branches of the `fine,' iii 78.20 . riasiu ranntar a lín cenn ngabal , O'D. 549 ( H 3.17, c. 437 ). ar a lin do gablaibh i fodlaither gra[d] tuathe, Críth G. 3 . RC xxxii 392.2 . sech flaith, sech eclais, sech ilgobhlai fine, ZCP xii 365.22 . aenfine iat ... ┐ ragablaighset iat ... in darna gabul ... in gabul eile, O'D. 2259 ( Rawl. B 506 21a ). roiadus gabail Chaim, I closed up (i.e. completed) the genealogy of C., LL 142a39 . gnáith-bérla na ngabal ngrinn | cétna tharla for Eirinn, SG 348.4 . a gabhla gaoil, those of her kin, A. Ó Dálaigh iii § 4 . ite fodlai fine cacha flatha; a fuidri, a ciniud, a gabail fodagniat, his branches (i.e. his dependants) who serve him (?), Laws iv 282.12 .

(i) a branch or division of a subject : atait secht ngabala a-ra-fognad brethemnacht an betha .i. a secht do gablaib, Laws v 364.1 , 3.

(j) Metr. term: gobhal imairnd deínd for ardchassbairdní (name of a metre in which there is triple alliteration, but see EIS 231 ), IT iii 103 § 198 . is gobul dí .i. recne dechubaid .i. dá son nó a tri do thinscital ó oen fid ... ┐ son o fid ecsamail ina ndiaid-sede, ACC 146 Comm.

(k) Of the angle at which a horse carries its head: da mbia an t-ech gobard ┐ gabail granna aice 'if the horse is high of muzzle, and has an ugly head-carriage (?)' Celtica ii 46 § 7 . dligid ech na gab(ala crom)a beith mi-luthmar. Dligid ech na gabala airde a beith garg mer 'the horse that carries its head bent (?) should be lacking in vigour. The horse that carries its head high (?) should be fierce and giddy' 48 § 11 .

In n.l.: Fid nGaible ... nó comad Gabal ainm na haband do taot trit or G. may be the name of the river that flows through it, Dinds. 11 . Fid ṅGabli ... is aire ainmnigther Gabal dind abaind ..., LL 159b12 (see remainder of passage, cited s.v. gablaigid). in Gabol glan, Metr. Dinds. ii 58.1 . Cf. tri Guare Gabla, TBC-LL¹ 5939 = Gaible, TBC-I¹ 3494 . Cf. rig Gaible, Metr. Dinds. iii 16.204 . Abhainn Ghabhla, the Forked River, Iar Conn. 102, n . a iath na trenḟer tigba | úaim do thriath (sic leg.) glegel Gabla, LL 5142 . reidfid Dubgilla delbda | dín mo debra mind ṅGaible, 193b52 .

Compds. ¤chless game of slinging (?): cia clessat for gabulchless 'whomsoever they may hit (?) while engaged in a game of slinging (?)' Celtica viii 148 (Mellbretha) . ¤chos fork of the leg, leg : gur amuis idir an dá ghabhailchois ... é, ITS xxiv 126.30 . ¤dub: Ingen Chonmaír ... inna gorm-daíl gobul-duib `that dark-forked terror,' Metr. Dinds. iv 26.5 . ¤fada long-shanked : Aed G., Laud 610, f. 39e . ¤fine branching `fine' : senathuir senathur is esidhe athuir na gabal-fhine, O'Curry 361 ( H 3.18, p. 201 ). ¤gicce a pronged pole (?) : (of Conaire's swineherds) tri gabulgici úasaib hi toíb fraiged, LU 7585 ( BDD 112 ). (of the Dagda) gabol gicca rothach (sic leg.; gicc aroth, MS) feidm ochtair ina diaid ... gonad dei dogaror Slicht Loirge an Dagdai, RC xii 86 § 93 . See also ¤lorg. ¤gorm: coic eich ... gabalguirm ` grey-riding ,' Fen. 368.8 . Cf. BB 275b11 ¤lorg a forked or pronged pole or shaft: gabollórg íairn (sic leg.) inna láim, LU 6825 ( BDD 38 ). RC xliii 78 § 78 . briugu, filed, ┐ fer do-airgair a bith-erchuiliud; are sruithiu di-suidib a ngobol-lorgga olldate a n-airm ` supporting-staves ,' Laws v 420.11 ; ` walking-sticks ,' 17 gloss. tri .l. gabal-lorg ina lámaib (of a `brugaid' and his retinue), Acall. 2442 . ? ¤rind: fo treith gabail-rindedh (-dech ?) a fork-pointed trident (?), O'Curry 573 ( H 3.18, 286 ; see 2 gabair, supra). ¤ṡliasait thigh : conbeicidís as a broind ... rodusmhuch fo gabalsliasaid, BB 257b33 . ¤ṡreng a plumb-line : Ni heasbhaidh don bhláith bháirrṡlim | ríaghail ghrinn nó gabhailṡreing, Ridgeway Essays , p. 6 .

2 gíall

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 gíall or dil.ie/25788

n o, m.

(a) a human pledge, a hostage . See Bürgschaft, pp. 74 - 83 , Críth G. p. 95 f . gl. obses, Sg. 102b3 . co ruc Euá gein n-aile | do Adam, ba cain in gial, SR 1935 . Cisnē fē[i]ch i tiagad gē[i]ll ? what are the liabilities for which hostages are given ? O'Curry 559 ( H 3.18, p. 277 ). giall so tucadh re comalladh dlighidh urradhuis, Laws ii 116.23 Comm. cia elathach in giall im in coirp-dire `though the surety be an absconder,' v 180.3 Comm. geall no giall is ainm do on n-inbaidh robaisdeadh anall gu cend .vii. mbliadan ... cimidh cach duine o sen amach, O'Curry 559 ( H 3.18, p. 277 ) ; cf. also O'Curry 241a . co nderna giall do Naim `made prisoner of N,' Marco P. § 63 . cloc ┐ salm do eclais : geill do rígaib, LU 9786 ( RC vi 165 ). géill díthma `forfeited hostages,' Críth G. 596 . ni rig lais na biad geill i nglasaib, Laws iv 50.22 . Cf. is gat fás flaith cen giallu, LL 146b36 ( PRIA iii 544 § 18 ). géill co ṅglaini, Fél. Jan. 9 . rohadnaiced na geill tuctha andeas ┐ siad beoa, RC xxiv 184.17 . M. ... ar ngabāil gīall for Mumain, ZCP viii 119 v.4 . co tuc giallu Muman, AU i 364.21 (an. 855 ). rogab ... giallu ocus bragti do feraib Mumhan, Cog. 82.13 . ferr cride gialla (giallu, Lec.) courage is better [security] than hostages, LL 345c36 ( Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 15.18 ). for licc na ṅ-gíall i n-Emain Macha, TBC-LL¹ 4726 . fer gabala giall nErenn, RC xviii 41.29 (Tig.). Nīall na ngiall (sic leg.) ngraigech `N. of the mounted hostages,' Arch. Hib. ii 50 § 33 . Carcair na nGiall mar a mbídís géill nó bhraighde ... i gcoimhéad, Keat. iii 554 . ní faghuir géill ar ghiallaibh `no exchange of hostages is got,' TD 7.3 . Of Christ : rāiti rī risin ngīall nglan, ZCP viii 563 § 29. Of the B.V.M. : ba bangīall (sic leg. : Gabhrīal) Rīgh in rīchidh, 562 § 3 . Fig. inn é gíall (inniat géill v.l.) for tengtha de | ruc Níall ... úaib-si ? `Are your tongues the hostages which N. hath wrung from you ?' Ériu iv 108 § 64 . giall grúaide a pledge for somebody's protection (?, see gruad) : aurfogair dōib gīallu grūaidhe, ACL iii 295 § 31.

Compds. ¤bhrios ( ¤phrios `press') hostage-cell (?), TD 6.18 . ¤bhroid : do bhaoi i ng. agá ghrádh, Dánta Gr. 71.15 . ¤cherdda (cherd), q.v. ¤chométaide a jailer : saidhleóir nó giall-choimhéadaighe don diabhal, TSh. 7344.

(b) As vn. act of yielding homage, obeying : dúil na toile do bheith ag giall don réasún, TSh. 2996 ; 3044 ; 3070 . See ib. Vocab.

gleo

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gleo or dil.ie/26052

Forms: glee, glé, glé, glé, gliad, gliaid, glieid, gleid, gleo, glīäid, glied, gliad, gleo, gliada, gliaid, gliad, gleó, gleó, gleóa

n For gender and inflexion see Thurneysen, ZCP xx 364.

(a) g s. glee, glé ; d s. glé ; a s. glé.

(b) d, f. g s. gliad, d s. gliaid, glieid, gleid, gleo : a s. glīäid (: gniaid), ZCP viii 119.5 . glied, LU 5283 . g p. gliad, gleo ; a p. gliada. IGT Decl. § 97.

(c) o, m. g s. gliaid ( d'éis an ghliaidh, Oss. iv 92.19 ). d s. gliad.

(d) gleó m. IGT Decl. § 108 . g s. gleó, n p. gleóa. Cf. la gleo gl. .i. la gliaid, Fél.² cxli 8 . A fight, a combat : gleu .i. gle enim graece .i. disentio debaid, O'Mulc. 635 . gleó ar gleó, LU 8649 ( FB 48 ). ní ba bán in gléo not bloodless will be the fight, TBC-LL¹ 3444 . da mac samla galaib gliad in feats of battle, 4053 . mana morglíad, 5765 . is leth ṅ-glíad sain (of a great warrior), 5316 . iar forbu a glíad, Fél. Apr. 19 . ferait morgleó, LU 3790 ( SCC 36 ). condrístais ... gliaid fri Coinculaind, TBC-LL¹ 1435 . fuarus gleo cletach, 4498 St. fúarus gábud ocus gliaid, Anecd. i 39 § 110 . iar n-áirdghliaidh, Todd Nenn. 274.12 . CCath. 200 . ni dlig degairm fer cin gliaidh, ZCP ii 225.6 . nír' ḟég geiss nó gliaid nó glond, Ériu vii 223 § 30 . níor loc fear ... ón ngliac (: liath), Oss. iv 110.14 . tucsad gluin re gliaid, TTebe 3426 . co mba hoengleo écnech ecaintech ... in cathir uli, LB 155a17 ; cf. oengleo guil, 155b50 . (enlaith) co ro fearsadar gleo dia n-eitib frisin loc[h] they beat the lake with their wings, BB 385b50 = coro fersatar gleic, Dinds. 68 ( RC xv ). gan rún ngliadh `free from a quarrelsome disposition,' TD 26.10 . tuar gleóidh, 4.23 . IGT Decl. exx. 619 , 1299 , 1634 , 2099 . pl. cuirfithi gleoithi, Fen. 218.9 . Fergus donid gliada, Laws i 66.30 Comm. gan dul a n-gliaidhibh le Fionn, Oss. iv 22.15 . do gleadhaibh ... re CoinCulainn, ZCP viii 540 (1433) . Breoghan ... na ngliadh, Keat. ii 618 (poem).

As quasi vn. : mani ēt[ar] fer do gleō frimsa, TBC-I¹ 717 . int aitheach-mattud ... [do] gleid (glieid, LU) frisin coin mōir, 1229 . o rogabsat oc glíaid ┐ oc imsesorcain, LU 6197 . co mbidís na slóigh ic glíadh, CCath. 1750 . Fig. of an individual : in bres bethrach in breó bagach, in gleó gnímach the active fighter, MS. Mat. 484.30 .

Compds. (also gliad-) : ¤ágh, IGT Decl. ex. 932 . ¤broit war-captivity, trouble , Keat. Poems 129 . ¤buime (of Eve) fostermother of strife, Ó Bruad. iii 78.4 . ¤chuairt a warlike circuit (or expanse) : roainmnig i ṅgleochu[a]ird glicc | Assia Eoraip iss Affricc, SR 2651 . ¤dál a warlike encounter, ZCP iii 19.7 . gliadh-dógh fierce scorching (?), Dán Dé xxvi 51 . ¤gal a contest ; prowess in battle : o rofersat a ngleogail (v.l.), Anecd. ii 70.5 . būan in gleōgal, ZCP viii 299.35 . co ngliadgail glond, Metr. Dinds. iii 48.4 . ard an gleóghal bhias and, AFM i 438.14 (poem). ¤loit, IGT Introd. § 6 . ¤mhagh plain of battle, Ó Bruad. iii 82.5 . ¤throit strife : glēothroit is glēodāl, ZCP iii 19 § 7 . romarbhadh daoine ... isin ngleotroid, AFM vi 2034.27 .

gríanán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gríanán or dil.ie/26633

Forms: grénán

n (grían) o, m.; older grénán, see below: a sunny chamber, a bower, a soller, an open balcony exposed to the sun, an upper room: a gríanan co senistrib solsib fri techt ass, LU 10636 ( IT i 130.22 ). imchuirthe in gríanán sin lasin Mac Óc cach leth no théged, ib. 10637 . dorónad dano gríanán la Bricrind ... fó chomardus imdaí Conchobair LU 8062 ( FB 3 ). co mboí isin ngríanan for fordorus in dúne, ib. 8585 ( FB 44 ). co farnic a gríanán nglainidi, ib. 10697 ( IT i 132.13 ). grianán cen ... nam imsceng, Thes. ii 292.13 . tonnach crédumi forsin taig. grénán hóimind for a senestrechaib, Imr. Brain i 56.19 . temair in tige .i. grianan, Thr. Ir. Gl. 42. 11 . ro bátar gríanána álli ... essarda ... do úrlúachair, MU² 201 . palas rigda ... co ngriananuibh solusta lais `radiant sollers,' Marco P. § 12 . ar cáeimhe a cumdach ... do grianánaibh solusaibh, CCath. 243 . ro-foillsig in spirut noeb ... a glanrúine do na hapstalaib in ngrianan ro-ard slebe Sióin .i. is in cendacul, PH 5431 . an treas teach da ngairthí Grianán na nInghean, mar a mbídís bainríoghna na gcúigeadhach, Keat. iii 558 . Fig. ar ghrianán mhaordha mhéine an mhíleadh on the sunny chamber of his mind, Hackett xxxix 28 . Of heaven: for nemh isin grianán gle | luidh i féil Chiaráin Saighre, AFM ii 930.15 . nach léigeann Dia aoin-neach ré mbeith a ghrúg dá ghrianán, TSh. 2300 ; 2714 . a sunny place, bleaching green: gleri na Gamunraidi uili ar grianan cinn Connlocha `on the level ground at the head of Conloch,' Celt. Rev. iv 204.26 and n. 6 .

imdíburcud, imdíbracad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imdíburcud, imdíbracad or dil.ie/27473

Forms: imdíburgun

I (3 imm-, im- + díburcud) n u, m. In Mid. Ir. also imdíburgun. mutual casting, hurling or shooting: na teóra fuithairbe ro bátár eturro ocond i.¤ at the mutual casting of weapons, LU 9070 ( FB § 82 ). gia rabai dfhebas in imdíburcthi rabói dfhebas na himdegla, nára fulig ... cách, TBC-LL¹ 3562. By metathesis : an t-imdiubhraccadh, TBC-LL¹ (Stowe) p. 519 n. 8 . ic frestal imairic imdibhraici díbh re foirnibh na llong, CCath. 1396. ba he tricci ┐ imluas inn imdiubraict[h]i leo, 5659 . cona bai acht edh athgairit a n-imdiubraicthi etarra, 5548 . is foicsiu lind don ág in t-imrubad indiu anda dond (leg. ind) imdíburgun inné, TBC-LL¹ 3608.

II (2 imm + díburcud) n u, m. the act of casting, hurling: co mbídis na slóigh ic glíadh ┐ ic imdíbhrucud díbh for lucht na cathrach, CCath. 1750.

láigen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. láigen or dil.ie/29385

Forms: lágan, laigni, laighneadha, laigned, laignedaib, lágine

n ā, f. Also lágan. But n s. laigni, LU 3181 (H) = laigne, RC v 198 ; with dental inflection a pl. laighneadha, BB 31a13 . g p. laigned, 432a24 . d pl. laignedaib, 420a23 . A n s. lágine occurs in a marg. gloss on Lugaid Lágha, LL 289a15 . Note also g s. m. laigne leathan-glais (:ais), MR 196.21 . See O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 152 - 3 , where length of vowel in first syll. is also discussed. Cf. láige.

Spear: laighen .i. sleagh O'Cl. adsluindiu a fuili . . . allaigniu (laigne, v.l. sic leg.), Fél. Ep. 324 . lāithe gaile Galiān / gabsit inna lāmaib laigne, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 10 § 2. lágen mór il-laim ind fir, BDD 128 . cressaigthe in fer in lágin sin, ib. tri coicait lagan lanmor, Rawl. 82b15 . cona lágnib lánglassaib, Metr. Dinds. ii 50.20 . bás . . . do lágin ríg, TFerbe 106 . láigne . . . ina lamaib, LL 930 ( laighneadha, BB 31a13 ). do thaidlig . . . na laigen lainderdai, Alex. 16. doire . . . laighean lasamhain, ML 84.21 . gur f[h]othraicedar in dá laigin . . . isin laoch-mhílid, ML² 1686.

More precisely broadheaded spear : lethangai is de isberar laigen gl. laighin, LL 377a29 . laigen .i. goi coneitib (cf. ette), RC xi 26.5 ( TBC-I¹ 2562 ). So freq. with adj. lethanglas: mór laech ro letrait do laignib let[h]anglassaib, CCath. 6015. ionann . . . laighne is sleagha ar a mbídís cinn leathanghlasa iarainn, Keat. ii 2583.

Of lance which pierced the side of Christ: figor ind aithcummi cosind lágin `the figure of the wounding with the lance', Thes. ii 254.4 . gabais láigin móir ina láim, PH 673. Also with descriptive gen. l.¤ míled: Longinus rotngon Crist . . . don láigin míled bói ina láim martial lance, LB 159b32 . tuc bulli do laigin miled i sliss Ísu, PH 2874 . oc imbeirt inna láigne, Blathm. 232.

In the traditional etymology of Laigin Leinster (see O'Rahilly, loc.cit.): o na lágnib-sin ille / rogairit Lagin Láigne, Metr. Dinds. ii 50. 21 - 2 . Laighin cidh día n-apar? . . . óna laighnibh lethanghlassaibh tugsat na dúbhghaill leo a n-Erinn, Cóir Anm. 174 . Laigin a laginis .i. ona laignib lethnoib tucsat leo na Dub-gaill a tirib Gall . . . nó it laigin cumdáigti oir ┐ airgit tucsat cerda Hérenn do Labraid, Dinds. 9 = Keat. i 120.3 . Cf. laogon .i. gae. O'Mulc. 794. laeghan .i. gai, O'Curry 111 ( H 3.18, 71c19 ).

maisech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. maisech or dil.ie/31427

adj o, ā. deriv. of 2 mass and used in same senses. mas .i. maisech, O'Dav. 1230. O'Cl. nírba massech mina cháerchach `do not dress elegantly unless you possess sheep', Tec. Corm. § 11.8 . maiseach dam-sa isi . . . maiseach misi don ingin, YBL 173a35 = massa . . . massech, LL 149b45 . Núadha maissech, Cóir Anm. 183. Cāin ┐ Alaind ┐ Massech (alleg. npr. f.), LL 30d 62 . féinnidh . . . maiseach, Keat. Poems 1466. an bhean mháoth mhaiseach, Deuteronomy xxviii 56. ba degmhaissech cach dóid ima mbidis na failghi, Cóir Anm. 11. ór m.¤ , O'Dav. 1230. mag mórmassech, Metr. Dinds. iii 426. múr maiseach, Keat. Poems 1494. senchas m.¤ `the pleasant legend', Metr. Dinds. iii 336 . ní maiseach an moladh i mbéal an pheacthaigh (= speciosa), TSh. 1764. má's maiseach an iarraidh neirt dod rígh if that be a creditable means for your king to get power, Content. v. 176. ní maiseach liom do labhra, xxi 3 .

mías

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mías or dil.ie/32144
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: méis, mias, mias, m.

n ā, f., (<mēs < Lat. mens-a, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 208 ) a flat board or slab (for supporting food, etc.), a table; a tray, platter or dish (as primitive tables were boards laid on trestles, the two meanings are not always distinguishable). in méis (gl. mensa), Ml. 61c10 . mias, Corm. Y 932. teisc [= Lat. discus] .i. mias, O'Mulc. 869. in gaill-m.¤ (gl. discus), Ir. Gl. 478. ? més, Éigse xxxvii 78 § 8 .

(a) a table in general sense, esp. for food: in mias . . . cosna bargenaib (of the Table of Shewbread in the Tabernacle), SR 4355. 'sin meis móir | co cethri crossaib dergóir, 4349 = co cetri cosaib, BB 242a45 , co cethri huillib, LB 121a35 . ro chuir cend dar cend . . . miassa na monotóri (= mensas numulariorum), PH 4393. ni théid do méis does not go to table, Mon. Tall. § 16. o ḟescor co fescor dlegar dul do meis (i.e. one daily meal at vesper-time), ZCP xiii 29.12 . saidid oc a meis sits down to table (to eat), ib. 19 . dessid Ísu ic meis, PH 5035. mar do bemís ar enmheis as if we were at the one table (i.e. together, close companions), ZCP vii 302.6 . is e lin dlegar im meis rígh Caisil at the table of the king of C., Trip. 266.11 . ilar deg-doene 'ma meis round his table, LL 149a16 . amus mesi `butler', Laws ii 24.18 Comm. dā foss mése Conaire table-servants , BDD 127. tri fuis meisi Medba, TBC-I¹ 2837. Of an altar-slab or table: a mias (.i. a altoir) i n-airthiur a tigi (prophecy concerning St. Patrick), Trip. 34.7 , cf. Lat. Lives 2 (= sua mensa), ACL iii 12 § 20 ; whence O'Clery: mias .i. altoir. cluicín mési Adomnáin, Cáin Ad. § 17. sacart meisi chaplain , Trip. 264.28 , cf. Acall. 488 , Lism. L. 4659.

(b) a flat dish or platter: dobert ind inailt in méis issa rígthech ┐ int éicne fonaithe fuirre, ZCP iv 43.24 = TBFr. 213. tuc mias dó ┐ bairgen furri, LB 151a33 . a immochur for méis lethain amal cech mbiad, PH 902. miassa airgdidi, Cóir Anm. § 70 p. 318 . doghní an ceard criadh mías, TSh. 889. Bothar na Mias the Road of the Dishes, Keat. iii 1034. (? Prov.) brocc Muman dar miasa Munster's sorrow over dishes (i.e. fasting in sight of food), LL 289b22 = RC xiii 446 § 28 . asbert friu ara ng[n]itis fri heri mías should do something towards the burden of dishes (i.e. contribute towards their maintenance), Dinds. 25 ( RC xv 325 ). Of patens used in religious service: ind oblæ forsin méis, Thes. ii 253.17 ( Stowe M. 65a ). dogníth altóri ┐ leborchometa ┐ miassa cethrachori in honóir Patraic (= patinos quadratos), Lat. Lives 24.

(c) a cover (for a drinking-vessel)? cuach lan do airgead ┐ m.¤ oir tairis, Betha Molaga (quoted by Meyer, Wortk. 128 ).

(d) a quoit (= Lat. discus): cluichi disci .i. cluichi meisi, TTebe 2469 . ro chuir in mēs, 2475 . Cf. O'Mulc. 869 quoted above.

Compd. ¤chuad a bowl or cup with a cover ( Wortk. 128 ). meit loṅgcore no miaschuadh, Anecd. i 53 § 26. conda-rainic a chuid a miaschuadh gach manaig, Fél. 94.11 . do buailti maide sgine ar an míaschuadh (measuim gurb soideach eigin práis no petair sin ina mbídis na miasa da ccoimhéud) no ar mheis fein, Rule of Tallaght § 92.

rether

Cite this: eDIL s.v. rether or dil.ie/35168

(in the expressions r.¤ fuinnema and r.¤-derg) a word of doubtful meaning; by Zimmer ZCP i 96 - 7 taken as a deriv. of A.S. hridder `sieve', r.¤ fuinnema representing A.S. vindvahridder `winnowing sieve', while derg = O.Ir. derc `hole', r.¤-derg being equivalent to `sieve-hole'. On the other hand Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 634 takes fuinnema as g s. vn. of fo-snī-, comparing adj. funemda, LL 107a35 and mod. fuinneamh `energy, vigour'. Zimmer's derivation, though ingenious, is not convincing. The a s. rethir occurs, LU 9106 (see below), but elsewhere the form is rether. Cf. réthair and rethreān?.

n (a) corbo lúathidir rethir fuinnema imón peist immá cuaird, FB 86 ( LU 9106 ); by Wind. assigned doubtfully to rether, reathar O'R. `sieve', by Henderson ITS ii translated `winnowing riddle'; perh. a vigorous run, rush ? Cf. imreithis uime a da troigid . . . co mbidis luighigir riathar fuinnema, BB 248a9 = imrethidis . . . comtis luathidir ruathur funemda, Ériu iv 30.3 (< LL 107a35 ).

(b) r.¤-derg: ondar dossom in del chlis . . . conid-ndérna retherderg de, LU 5147 = TBC-I¹ 664 (in YBL the word derg is added later on an erasure); that it may make a red running of him , i.e. cause him to stream with blood ? béraid comthrom inn ubaill tria chuladaig co ndiṅge retherderg de fria chend anechtair, TBC-LL¹ 1267 ; `so dass er ein Siebloch daraus macht', Wind.; so that he made it (the brain) flow down the back of his head in a red stream ? cf. co nderna rechderg de, 1272 (a mistake). Perh. we should read: rether derg.

rétlu, rétla

Cite this: eDIL s.v. rétlu, rétla or dil.ie/35176
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: rétlainne, rélla, rélt, rélta, réalda, réllaind, réllain, réldand, réaltoin

n n, f. Mid.Ir. form of rétglu; during the Mid. Ir. period varies in form and inflexion, different forms being used contemporaneously (oft. in same text): (a) rétlu (rétla) g s. -nn, d s. -inn; (b) from the d s. stem a spurious g s. rétlainne is formed; (c) rélta n-stem, due to metath.; occas. rélla; (d) in early Mod.Ir. n s. rélt (réalt) is found. rélta réalda (rélla v.l.) f. (g s. -n(n), -inne; n p. -in(n), -n(n)a), IGT Dec. § 121 . d s. réllaind, ex. 1889 . réllain, 1893 . g p. réldand, 1894 .

A star : retla .i. raed glē a bright thing , Lec. Gl. 144 . ruthen amal rétlaind, FA 10 = amail rédlaind, LB. rí ro ruithnig rétlaind ráin | riasna druidib, SR 7537 (the form rétglu is used 1054 , 5274 ). retla thaitnemach, Aen. 601 (but relta, 604 ). in redlu resna draide, PH 7067 . i tóraind inna rédlainde, 7049 . an rélta a túaidh the polar star , Maund. 155 (cf. ar an réltain o thuaidh, Mac Aingil 61.1 ; fios airde réaltann an taoibhe thuaidh `of the north star', Keat. ii 177 ). le treoir na réltainne, Maund. 136 . ré ós réalluinn `the moon above stars', TD 25.13 (d s. for d p.). rédlu do arthrucch hi secht calainn Mai, AFM ii 890.4 (archaism). rélla iongnáth, v 1700.9 . réalt i raonaibh aedhreamhla, Keat. Poems 70 . réulta mór, Revel. viii 10 . ar bḟaicsin an rélta, Matthew ii 10 . ? Of a shiny object; jewel : téid fān réaltain san mBūill mbuig 'he entered the Búill on account of the jewel', Celtica xxvi 99 § 18 .

pl. renda nime ┐ redlanda, FA 30 LB ( IT i 191.24 ). fri etrochta rétland, FA 16 LU = redland, LB. rimfeith rind nime . . . .i. no airmebad retlanna nime, LU 868 ( ACC 64 Comm. ). in ḟirmimint cona frossaib rétland, TBC-LL¹ 5975 . go n-airiomthior . . . rettlanda nimhe, Cog. 42.3 . frais . . . da reatlannaib, 178.21 . dorigni esca ┐ reltanda ┐ renda nime, BB 15a31 . mar bhíd réaltana um ré lán, TD 28.27 (but n p. réaltoin, 4.44 ). tuitfid na réltanna do neamh, Matthew xxiv 29 . re reultaibh dearg-óir (of spangles), Oss. iv 236.11 . airemh reltan (a hopeless attempt), Irish Texts ii 103 § 53 . r.¤ mongach `a hairy star', comet : ind retlu mongach, AU 1018 . CCath. 832 . LL 26a15 . fan réaltoin móir mongaigh, TD 4.23 .

Fig. of persons (common in relig. lit. and poetry): retlu [Ruis?] Bruicc (of St. Moling), LL 305b29 . in retlu solusta (of a cleric), AU ii 174.9 . rédlu ruirt[h]ech (of a saint), LB 101b = rétlu, AFM i 512 (a. 868) , cf. Bruchst. § 106 . in redlu thaitnemach Georgi, PH 1123 . réadla eoil na hóghachta `guiding star' (of the Virgin), A. Ó Dálaigh x 2 . réalta shluaigh Shligigh, TD 17.60 , cf. ib. 46 and 2.22 (réalla). dá réaltuinn iuil an einigh, Keat. Poems 1079 . o aimsir bhar n-uasalbrathar .i. na retlainne rigshoillsi, MR 126.14 . Of a mansion or fortress: réalta cloiche . . . ós linn Locha na nEigeas, Ériu v 60.113 . Retla na filed (name of a building in Tara), FDG 2.27 = MR, 6.9 . Réalta na bhFileadh, mar a mbídis breitheamhain ┐ filidhe Éireann re cumadh cánach, Keat. iii 555 .

Compds.: meic ríogh na réaltoinn-chneas `glistening skins', TD 26.7 . rosg réaltunn-tais `star-soft eye', 14.3 .

1 senad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 senad or dil.ie/37095
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: senod

n o (Lat. synodus). O.Ir. senod. Perh. orig. neuter, cf. fria (leg. frisa?) s.¤ truag-sa, Irish Texts i 13 § 40 . senad n-ecalso, Ériu xl 12 § 10 (Bretha Nemed Toísech) . senod .i. a senodo (synodo, v.l.), Corm. Bodl. p. 40 .

(a) a synod : synodus .i. senadh naomh, Ir. Gl. 551 . aire coisring, cid ara n-eperr? Arindí consrenga tuath ┐ rí ┐ senod tar cenn a chenéoil, Críth G. 278 . congbail ts.¤ na hEclaisi, Laws i 158.18 Comm . co n-airnechtatar senod inna cléirech, Trip.² 1110 . ar tri fáthaib . . . ro-cúmscaigset in s.¤ in cógus, PH 5005 . tancatar cum in tṡenaidh sin da ordugudh ceithri hespuic fichet, RC xvii 154. y (Tig.). s.¤ Rátha Bresail, LL 26b1 . turcomrag shenaid Ndhece, MacCarthy 284.18 . gunadh do thoradh na beannachta sin . . . i senud cilli Nemeadha . . . rogen Aedan, BB 234a6 . s.¤ mor do denam do clerchib Connacht, Ann. Conn. 1251.14 . go mbidís seanadha iomdha og cléircibh Eirenn ┐ as amlaidh tigdís na cléirigh sin na senadaibh ┐ a ttuata leo, TFrag. 110.y . laichesa . . . senada, noeim, Auraic. 6150 . The Roman senate : is inti bai in senad Romanach ┐ Poimp antan sin 'at that time the Roman senate and Pompey were therein', CCath. 3284 . ro taisealb in cetblo[i]gh dibh do Poimp ┐ don t-seanudh 'the first portion he assigned to Pompey and the senate', CCath. 968​​ .

(b) assembly, gathering, band, troop , etc.: seanadh .i. coimthionól, O'Cl. a senud uille tra ni biat in óentu muintire nime, Wb. 9c28 . `anfe-sa fria (? leg. frisa) s.¤ truag sa.' Anais iarom Brigid frisin imairchi (i.e. a party of travellers in charge of a cleric whom B. met on the road), Irish Texts i 13 § 40 . nóebainm Petair apstail | atsluindi cech s.¤ , Fél. Prol. 110 . s.¤ na sruithi fo leith, | . . . | . . . | d'immarchur na sanctáre, SR 4897 . s.¤ sruithi . . ., | dofuctais recht is canoin, 4523 . is bert Eile frisin senadh soirche fátha, Snedg. u. Mac R 12 § 58 . co n-acca . . senadh acc adhnacal na ttaisi. BNnÉ 19 § 40 . cúich in senadh tāna[i]c sund irōir?, BColm. 14.19 . adconncatur Patraic chuca, s.¤ mór maille fris, Lat. Lives § 72 . d'uaislibh shenoigh Gaoidhil Glais | 'nar laoidhibh dleghair díoghrais, L. Cl. A. B. 229.99 .

sutrall

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sutrall or dil.ie/39350

n ā, f. light, lamp, torch, candle : lochet .i. is saignen no is s.¤ [no] is sét solusta, Fél.² xxxi Jan. 26 . loichet .i. cainnell no s.¤ no lasair, O'Dav. 1170 . sudrall .i. lochrann no solas, O'Cl. sutroll .i. solus, O'Curry 1486 ( H 3.18, 663a ) = Lec. Gl. 114 . ro in[sh]órchaigset a chúicc mér in mag n-uile amal bitis chóic shutralla, Trip.² 1448 , `luminaria', Lat. Lives 17 , `lampades', 53 . ara mbethe ico n-airi co llocharnnaib ┐ sutrullaib in n-aidchi co bráth that they should be watched over with torches and lamps (of relics), Trip.² 2828 . forsin chaindelbrau . . . | forsṁbitis secht sutralla, SR 4344 . cuich . . . | intu nobruindis bannae | nosuildis na sutralla cups . . . into which flowed the drops from the candles, 4348 . s.¤ soillsi īar sin | ūass scriptūir glain gil, Ériu i 39 § 8 . adnad soillsi a sutarlaibh, ZCP v 25 § 7 (= Éigse vi 122 § 7 ). ro hadaintea ann fiche ar chét sútrall n-óir do fhursannad na scor golden lamps, Alex. 702 (= s.¤, BB 494b33 ). fo chosmailius chonnli nó (sic leg.) sutraille, 813 (= sutrailli, BB 497b42 ). viii sutralla glonide for lasad innte (of a church) `glass lamps', ZCP xvii 231.18 . vii mbenda . . . for a mbidis secht sutralla soillsi solusglana, BB 242a44 (sudrall .i. lóchrann, marg. inf.). dream aile . . . re fursunnud na sudrull solusta co slabradaib . . . imfulaing eistib, TTebe 464 . gillae do aes timthirechta Ruadain . . . ┐ suttrall for lasadh lais, BNnÉ 323 § 34 . suttrall adhbhal mhór `torch', AFM v 1554.5 . go sudrallaibh solustaibh do chéir `flambeaux', vi 2296.14 .

Of persons: sūdroll art soillsidhi (of Christ), ZCP viii 205.9 . a sudrall tren toguide (to Mary), Ériu i 122.22 . a shútrall adanta o thenid na peccad (the soul to the body), PH 8249 . S.¤ Muighe (of Flann, abbot of Lann Léire), AFM ii 604.2 .

taeb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. taeb or dil.ie/39454
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: tóib, tōib, tóeb, tóib, toib, tóeb, tuib, taib, taoibh, thóib, thóeb, thoib, táib, tóebu, tóebaib, toeibi, taoíbhe, táib, taib, táeib, taoib, tháib, tháobha, taíbe, toibe, taoibhe, tōeba, taeba(dh), taobha, thaobha, taepa, taobha, taoibh, taoibh, taobha

n o, m., later also ā, f. and u, m. As o, m. n s. tóib, Wb. 21c6 . tōib, Bruchst. i 37 § 89 . tóeb, LU 3401 . a s. tóib, Wb. 15b2 . toib, Ml. 131c12 . tóeb, LU 3356 . g s. tuib, Thes. ii 254.4 . taib, PH 271 . taoibh, A. Ó Dálaigh viii 5. d s. thóib, Wb. 20d13 . thóeb, LU 8341 . n du. thoib, Ml. 67d14 . n p. táib, TTr. 1715 . a p. tóebu, SR 6162 . Fél. Ep. 324 . d p. tóebaib, TBFr. 40.

As ā, f. g s. toeibi, RC vii 363.34 . taoíbhe, ALC i 6 note . a d s. táib, KMMisc. 266.2 . taib, LU 3446 . táeib, PH 4426 . taoib, CS 124 note 2 . a du. tháib, IT i 68.6 . n p. tháobha, Ezekiel xlviii 1 . IGT Decl. § 39 . The g s. taíbe occurs also as masc.: isind achsaill toibe deiss I., LB 251a68 = Ir. Eccles. Rec. ii (1865) 176.8 . an taoibhe , AFM v 1636.z . Content. xiii 34 . Hence noted as [s], n. in Wi, PH, etc.

As u, m. g s. tōeba, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 17 § 4 . taeba(dh), Laws iv 74.22 Comm. an taobha , IGT Decl. ex. 979 . A. Ó Dálaigh xxx 14. IGT Decl. § 38.

Note also d s. thaobha, Content. xiii 9 . taepa, Fl. Earls 164.19 . 172.33 . Perh. infl. by the phrase gacha taobha (adverbial g s.).

I side in concrete sense.

(a) Opposed to airchend end (of field, etc.): congaibther tóib et airchinn and `side and front are held together in him' (corner-stone), Wb. 21c6 . ar congaibsom toíb ┐ erchinn issuidiu, Ml. 131c12 . fer i taib (.i. in fata) no [in] airceand (.i. ín gairit), Laws iv 120.y .

(b) side of human, animal's body: síc rundgabsat ar ṅda thoib du ditin ar n-inmedonachni, Ml. 67d14 . fosceirdside issa tír súas in slig, ┐ a mmíl inna tháeb, TBFr. 236 , `while the monster held on to his side,' Études Celt. ii 8 . comben a chend den míl co mbaí fora thóeb, TBFr. 241 . dobert brat fa a taob, Mon. Tall., 155.9 . ní thabair a th.¤ re lár does not lie down, SG 172.6 . Adam ... iar tepe Eua as a thoeb, PH 3428 . cech taebh dom thaobaib gelaib | bid tana o daolaibh dubae, ACL iii 216.18 . d'fertuis do taebh seda seng, IGT Decl. ex. 548 . In n. pr. Fastaib mac Lonlongen, MacCongl. 77.21 . Of Christ's side: geguin ... tóeb án álaind Íssu, Fél. Oct. 23 . goin an taoibh, A. Ó Dálaigh viii 5. side of face, cheek: áille táobh nglan do ghrúaidhe, IGT Decl. ex. 1066.

(c) Hence by metonymy the human body, form: a toeb seng seta sidhamach, IT i 120.4 . inat mo thaeibh isin indsi-sea, Lism. L. 2438 . is tretholl do thaebh, TTebe 3599 . ceilt gach taoibh leabhair fa lic, Dán Dé xxv 13.

(d) Of hills, etc.: toéb Tailltenchláir, Ériu iv 98.7 . buinne milis a táobh tolcha, Studies 1919, 75 § 18 . Of a territory: im thaebaib Totham, SR 3104 . im tháebaib an talman da gach leth, RC xxiv 373.23 . is íad so a tháobha soir ┐ síar, Ezekiel xlviii 1 . Of a building: a t.¤ ind lis, TBC-LL¹ p. 673 . ar taebh in dunaidh, Stair Erc. 1167 . go taobh an tighe neamhdha, Dán Dé vi 6 . Of a vessel: a dorus assa firthoeb (of Ark), SR 2468 . im stuagach .i. cilorn .i. bis ┐ an stuag as a taib, Laws i 134.4 Comm. mar théid clár a taoibh thunna, Studies 1924, 89 § 30 . page (of book): isin scribtuir ... cia beth do thoib inti ... asa ṅgabtha nuimir, Rawl. 75a49 . cíall fhíre na taoibhe daille-so `of this obscure page,' ALC i 6 n. .

Various: i tóeb na gabla, LU 4808 . scéith ... co n-esnadaibh ... iarna tóebaib, TBFr. 40 . fa thaobh leice | do loighis, Dán Dé xvi 22 . ní bhearrfuid táobh a bhféasog, Levit. xxi 5.

Attrib. g s.: ar na sleasaibh taoibh `the side walls,' TD 11.17 . éadach taoibh ` shroud ,' A. Ó Dálaigh xli 9.

II In certain more abstract senses.

(a) side in a dispute argument, fight, etc.: cid he in cu risi ndechaid taib `the dog which he went to help,' Laws iii 196.12 . isin dreim sin ris i ndecha taebh the party whose side he takes, Eg. 88 fo. 29 ( O'Curry 2377.20 , 21 ). bí ar mo thaobh a Thríonóid, A. Ó Dálaigh iv 7 . feall taoibhe an untrustworthy companion, DDána 55.6 . an rí go n-a shluagh do thaoibh ┐ Guaire ... don leith oile, Keat. iii 927.

(b) direction, part, region: tighearna an taoibhe thoir do Cloinn Choiléín eastern part of, AFM v 1636.z . fo tháeb in talman an-des, RC xxiv 373.1 . d'ionnlach an taoibhe theas `the South ,' Content. xiii 34 . ós tú tóir an taoibhe `since Thou art the stay of Thy people,' A. Ó Dálaigh iv 7. do teilgeadh don t.¤ oile ... lucht oileamhna an iomarbhais were cast out (i.e. of heaven into hell), PBocht 16. 2 , see note. gidh bé taobh a niompoighionn, Proverbs xvii 8 .

(c) fine taíb, see taebfine.

(d) side, branch of family , see V (d) ii infra.

III trust, reliance, confidence (fri, later la in).

(a) ba hédána leis t.¤ fri Ciarán, SG 52.14 . toeb fri bennachtain `faith in a blessing,' Ériu vii 154.7 = ZCP iii 26.11 . ba t.¤ re tollairbe do thigearna t.¤ re ferglonnaib bar firlaech-si `trusting to a broken fence,' MR 126.9 ; cf. ZCP viii 203.15 , Content. viii 19 . taobh re guidhe fhir eile, Dán Dé vii 29 . ? To this: t'olc a dhuine as deaghtháobha | da ccuire ort aithmhéla, IGT Decl. ex. 1045.

(b) In phr. do-beir t.¤ fri trusts, confides in: fri corpthadid ... doberat iudei tóib, Wb. 15b2 . ní ní i n-Erind áin | risi tabraim thoéb, LU 9968 . on uaimh risa tartais taob, Anecd. ii 37 § 3 . tabhraidh taobh re sruith-nert, BNnÉ 308.6 . ZCP x 43.8 . do-beir t.¤ do x fri y entrusts x to y: suil do beradh taobh da bhaidh | le drochbreithir nD., Cog. 88.24 . riom-sa as mó dobheir Dia taobh | don naoidhin, BNnÉ 132.17 . But: tugsat taobh re Laighnibh a g-coigeadh féin dia n-eis `confided to the keeping of the Leinstermen,' ML 60.12 . With other verbs: leigim táobh riot mhuile dhochas, Parrth. Anma 294.11 . taebh leis rolamhusan, ZCP viii 206.19 . nocha raghaind [si] re taobh I would not rely on them, x 30.29 . urusa teacht ar a thaobh, ` trust in (?)' A. Ó Dálaigh xxxiii 2. In the follg. exx. the sense may be the same, though various translations are given by editors: contardad tōeb fri muir `keeping along the sea,' Fianaig. 36.6 . ni rolam táeib ríu, acht tánic cách díb sech a chéile ` accost ,' TTr.² 454 . ni tucsad na mic righ Laighnecha taobh fris in nGiúsdís `did not side with,' ALC i 384.20 . is fri senchus ... dobeir int airecht t.¤ concerns itself with (?), ZCP xii 359.21 (cf. taebairecht). (?) o robtar anffuirithe do bertsat taobh friú acc airisiumh fri a n-orducchadh `turned aside from them,' AFM vi 2284.7 . tōeb frisin cocad núa | ni ḟulaing in senrūa ` awaiting ,' RC xiii 397.5 . ar ndul duit i gcré ... ní thiobhrainn riot taobh I would not lie with thee (?), DDána 8.9 .

(c) tae(i)b fri with adjectival force relying on, dependent on, hence having no other ... but (perh. orig. dat. of accompaniment): t.¤ re lēgenn cretrai is chīn, ACL iii 306 § 11 . go mbiodh féin taobh riu mar bheathadh depending on them for food, BNnÉ 165.34 . níor bho lór leis na tréinfhearaibh a bheith taobh ris na háládhuibh sin to have only those wounds, ML 88.11 . taobh re freagra ar labhradh leam | níor anais `you were not satisfied with answering what I said,' Content. viii 9 . nach taoibh ris an aon-bhás gcorpardha bhíd exposed not merely to the death of the body, TSh. 3851 . taoibh riú do thuarastal they have no other reward than these, 10128 . ná bí táobh ré do thuigsi féin `lean not unto thine own understanding,' Proverbs iii 5.

IV In various adverbial phrases:

(a) With following adverb anís, anuas, etc.: ┐ a leburbarc in t.¤ anís ┐ forran na tonn anuas from below, Aen. 246 . ó thá seanT. taobh thall, TD 17.14 . madh glan an corp don taoibh thall, Dán Dé xxvii 31 . taobh a sdigh, Donlevy xii 8.

(b) With cech on each, every side , in g s. or governed by preposition: ag amharc uaim gacha taobha , Feis Tighe Chonáin 1184 . do bhris hi gacha taebha, ITS xix 26.24 . do cach taibh ┐ do cach leth, TTebe 3619 (cf. 3773 ). dá bhféachadh neach ar gach taobh, Content. v 17.

(c) ón taíb co araile from one side to the other , Sc.M² 3.5 . cur-ua taobhtholl treghdai an (leg. ón ?) toebh co 'raill andsin P. through and through , TTebe 3824 .

(d) t.¤ fri t.¤ side by side, adjoining each other, together: atát ... a da fert táib fri táib and sin béus, LL 12b34 . toeb fri toeb is Muir Romuir on either side of M.R., Rawl. 78a9 . do druidsed na het(h)aidi ... t.¤ re t.¤ ... fīarut Érend, ZCP v 22 § 12 . call is abhall taobh re taobh, Dán Dé ix 24 . taobh ar taobh, PBocht 1.4 .

(e) d'aent.¤

(i) together, united: is d'oén(oén)taib bátar ind fir se hi cend Ulad, LU 3446 . dochuiretar sút a comuirli dēntáib chugat-sa, Fianaig. 84.17 . dom breith d'éantaoibh da thigh thuas `Who brings me with Him,' A. Ó Dálaigh xxxii 3 .

(ii) simultaneously: díth dá marcraidh mac úi Chaoimh | díth da nollamnaib d'aontaoibh, O'Gr. Cat. 444.8. gidh a nen taib doniter an toirneach ┐ an teinnteach, Ir. Astr. Tr. 154.9 .

(f) do th.¤ aside, laterally: romarb D. in dreim caém | iar comrac dáib and do thaeibh, LL 153b28 . cumal dire dibh do derbhbrathair, do taoibh `to a brother, collaterally,' Laws iv 258.19 Comm. sceinm do cul no do thaeib rebounding backwards or sideways (of a flail), v 158.10 , 12 Comm. , cf. iii 180.10 . dá mbeidís dá chonnsuine édtroma do tháoibh side by side , IGT Introd. 9.18 .

V In prepositional phrases.

(a) Without preposition or adverb: bíd measardha taoibh bídh ┐ díghe as regards , Corp. Astron. 70.17 , cf. 96.2 . taoibh na gcáilidheachta do-beir na comarthaidhe so do na créatúiribh on account of , 122.13 .

(b) With foll. adv. and prep. (a prep. frequently precedes as well): a fiacla ... don toéb muigh da mórchend outside , Fianaig. 64.15 . taobh astigh do se bliadhnuibh deug under twelve years of age, MS. Mat. 578.46 . don taobh eile d'Oirghiallaibh, TD 13.17 . do'n táibh tuas dinn above us, O'Gr. Cat. 291.38. taobh istigh dhe sin, TSh. 8958 . taobh astoigh dā gach nduine, Celtica iv 119 § 31 . ataid don taobh amuigh don Eaglais, Parrth. Anma 109.2 . Cf. taobh amuigh go n-admhamaoid ar gcreideamh, foillsighmíd · gurab criosdaidhedha sinn not only do we admit our faith, but we show, etc., 51.1 . don taibh amuich do peacadh marbta `a moins de pècher mortellement,' Études Celt. ii 290.7 .

(c) With preceding and following prep.: da gach thaib dib, TTebe 2226 . anaidh ann so ... d'entaibh rinne along with us, KMMisc. 319.2 . 's an ógh don taobh oile uaim, PBocht 18.5 .

With preceding preposition and following genitive or preceding possessive.

(d) With de (in some cases possibly do ?)

(i) beside, on one side of: a n-inad diamair ... do taibh in muighi, TTebe 3836 . do thoeb ele in ádnacthi, PH 2968 . a Tuillsci do t[h]aobh C[h]ruachan, ML² 2054 . anadh dá dtaobh let Him stay beside them, PBocht 3.24 . Cf. ní fachaidh sē ēnni do thaebh in tíre acht slūaigh armtha `over all the land,' ZCP vi 45.23 . méala ag teacht dá dtaobh `from them,' Aithd. D. 52.5 .

(ii) in regard to, with respect to, concerning (cf. is a himut t.¤ as dochar hē `in many respects it is injurious, Marco P. 24 ): do t.¤ na ngras n-imarcach tucc se do, BCC 378.29 . na tindlaicthe roarda do t.¤ an t-shaegail `too great endowments as regards the world,' 2.18 . pian trom do thaobh fhuachta torture by cold, DDána 32.33 . do thaobh toile willingly , 40.29 . an deithbhir atá idir na húghdaraibh seo do thaoibh an fhocail seo, Keat. i 102.93 . cuid don bheagán breise féin | do ghéabhthaoi libh do thaobh Néill `which you might find N. to have,' Content. v 118 . With reference to descent from one side or another of the family: do shliocht Eachdhach ... dó do thaoibh a athar on the father's side, Mart. Don. 260.4 . do thaoibh ban is dar mbunadh | Tomás Iarla Urmhumhan `on the female side,' Content. xxix 33 . don taobh 'n-ar dhuine an Dúileamh, DDána 23.4 .

(iii) on account of, as a result of: do thaobh a mbrathairsi re aroile, AFM iii 634.12 . do thaob tnútha `from jealousy,' Content. vi 77 . is mór da thaoibh t'oirbhire `great contempt hast thou therefor,' Ir. Monthly 1919, 344 § 72 . gibé thí do thaobh t'eachtra `whatever comes of thy venture,' Studies 1921, 74 § 10 . gach ní órduigheas an eagluis da th.¤ sin `for that purpose,' Donlevy 314.12 .

(iv) from, having regard to: cobhair dá taobh sireadh sé `let him ask help of her,' Studies 1927, 439 § 21 . tig do thaobh na hannsachta | a bhreath broide `from very love,' PBocht 11.1 . mar is follus do thaoibh Elias, TSh. 8433 . tuigthe do thaobh an tsoisgéil ... go mbia, PBocht 14.1 .

(v) do thaoibh Eibhir ... tarla an t-oirfideach `to E. fell the musician,' Studies 1920, 98 § 6 . díon cháigh is dá taobh tarla `the world's salvation is with her,' 1932, 242 § 3 .

(e) With fri (ré, la).

(i) beside, near: bróenán fola ... la toeb crand, LU 3839 . fri toeb in chuirp, PH 811 . le taobh an roid near the highway, BNnÉ 253.13 . ri for bith fria thaebh `any king on his frontiers,' Marco P. 127 . núall ri táeb reilcci, ZCP v 496 § 4 = Measgra D. 42 § 4.

(ii) along, by the side of: tancatar na sluaig fri t.¤ na Glassi, TBC-LL¹ 1582 . snidig banna la t.¤ na columna, PH 6356 - 61 . roelus mo enur uaithib re t.¤ in mara (`to the sea'), TTebe 2054 .

(iii) as well as, in addition to, besides: ré taoibh a bhiata (sic leg.) don t-sluagh, TBC-LL¹ 6114 . cuic seoit re taob sin, Laws i 104.13 Comm. la taobh gacha maithesa oile, AFM i 534.8 . re t.¤ conad greit rig is brathair bailcc duinne in addition to being, Fél.² ciii 32.

(iv) in comparison with, compared with: clú maithesa ní mhaídh neach | re taíbh maithesa Muimhnech, IGT Decl. ex. 1007 . ré thaoibh gá mo míorbhuile `what greater miracle is there than that?' Dán Dé vi 41 .

(v) with respect to: in cutruma ro hícfaitsim re t.¤ sin amach `in respect of it,' Laws iii 160.14 . cóir do ghabh Torna ré dtaoibh | do seacht gceathrair `T. took the right course in reference to your twenty-eight kings,' Content. iv 44.

(vi) tucus ri toeb crīche cia hēraic bad mó `I left it to the choice of the territory which eric would be greater,' PRIA iii 3rd ser. 552 § 43 ( LL 147a50 ). ? narap dál bas sía | ra táib dia dénaid, SG 377.6 (= RC xiii 76.6 `let there be no agreement more lasting than that which ye make'). la tóeb na llā lān-garit `throughout the all too short days' ( in anticipation of ?), Ériu vii 2.8 . maircc don fhine téid re a thaoibh `woe to the sept that sides with him,' ZCP x 32.10 .

(f) With i n-.

(i) beside, near: cocairse cach ae dib hi taíb alaile, LU 8601 (FB) `the harmonious adjustments of each of them beside the other,' ZCP iii 419 . bruigen F.M. a taebh Luscai, Sc.M² R § 1.12 .

(ii) as regards, with respect to: atcūalaidh ... beccān do brīathraib slānaighibh 'na thaibh-siumh `as regarded him,' RC xxv 394.11 . a los tnútha i dtaoibh eagnaigh `your jealousy of him as a sage,' Content. x 25 . re bhfuil im thaobh `of all my conduct,' PBocht 1.25 . i dtaobh ar seinchion as a result of , Aithd. D. 66.19 . bheith san guasacht a mbātor a ttaep se(ac)hrāin ┐ aineōluis ┐ teirce dighe, Fl. Earls 10.31 .

(iii) cuir mo mheanma i dtaoibh [do] thoile `set my mind upon thy love,' A. Ó Dálaigh xvii 3 ( O'Gr. Cat. 539.11 ). féagh libh an dtuilltir na taobh `see if ye merit at her hands,' A. Ó Dálaigh iii 1. a d'taobh me fhágbáil cómh fada a b-péinn, Oss. vi 96.12 .

(g) With imm (fo): fo taob mic foesaim in favour of (?), Laws ii 282.16 Comm. feran eclasa, cid fo taobh tuaithe, cid fo taob ecalsa in respect of (?), v 316.3 Comm. (cf. ii 30.23 Comm. ). firtuiges he fo t.¤ anfine o flaith eachtrand `on the side of an extern,' v 462.15 Comm. fam thaobh is tráth síodha `'tis time for peace with me,' A. Ó Dálaigh iv 1.

(h) With ó: ó dhá thaoibh nó a trí `on more than one account,' Aithd. D. 100.9 .

(i) With tri: is tria n-a táib tucsat na claidib in Furbaide on account of her (?), LL 125a3 .

Compds.

(a) With nouns. ¤ammus flank attack: ga ttacmaing ┐ ga ttimchealladh ... gá ttaobhammus (sic leg.), AFM vi 2056.26 . ? ¤chomach: denam a forgneama iter tigib ┐ t. ` out-houses ,' Hy Maine 90.12 . ¤druimm side of the back: claideb ... iarna th., TBC-LL¹ 5389 = iarna formnai, TBC-I¹ 3287 . ¤gael: an taobh-ghaol thall do thiormuigh `His heart-love,' Ir. Monthly 1928, 439 § 20 . ¤glaine purity of body: tāebgloine an tālgadha, ZCP viii 200.21 . ¤imell border, boundary: dar taeb-imlib in betha, MR 112.14 . ¤léim jumping aside: an inmhe is each fíorchaillteach | ní haoinreim dha heurma soin | taoibhléim deunmha 'na deaghaidh, L. Cl. A. B. 172.8 . ¤ler: a th. nach te `ruffled surface' (of a lake), Metr. Dinds. iii 378.19 . ¤lerg sloping side: fo tarrib t. tuignech, Auraic. 5152 . ¤letrad hacking the side, body: na cailleacha ... 'ga thaebhledragh, Ériu iii 166.21 . ¤lot wounding the side, body: ag toghail troch 'gá dtaobhlot, TSh. 6633 . Of bad weather injuring a horse, 2562 . Of a boat, 734 . a tír uile agá taoblot, Caithr. Thoirdh. 10.9 . ¤lomradh shearing, devastating: tír T. do taobhlomrad, Caithr. Thoirdh. 17.3 . ¤rád: gan taobrádh ag duine ar a degheinech `no man sought with sidelong hints to fleck his honour,' Caithr. Thoirdh. 31.31 . ¤rigne sluggishness: an t-each ... dá mbeith ... taoibhrighne innte, TSh. 10668 . ¤shnám swimming on the side: ic culshnámh ┐ ic t. ┐ ic traigirsnám, Acall. 3212 , cf. 3785 . ? ¤tidrone: la t. Cormaic `um C. zu verspotten (?),' ZCP xiii 254.11 . ¤thomus side measurement: tri athcomairc cech doruis | cain glanthogairt toebtomuis, SR 462 . ¤thrácht: do toeb-tracht in tened hearth (?), BDD 155.10 . ¤thurtaid: culturtaid ┐ t. ... in aith ` side-striking ,' Laws iii 224.1 . ¤ucht breast: ar tonnaibh an taobhochta, Studies 1932, 433 § 5 .

Other nominal compds. treated separately.

(b) With adjj. ¤adbal huge-sided, spacious: do threb thóeb-adbal, Metr. Dinds. iii 350.44 . drong tóeb-adbal, SR 8253 . ¤álaind fair-sided: conice in tulaigh taebalaind, Acall. 2803 note . fúathróc ... thaebalaind, TTr. 1541 . ¤balc strong-sided: a fhir ... | cosa thathig tond taebalc, LL 211b44 (but see Metr. Dinds. iii 426.2 s.v. taet). ¤chirrthe having the body hacked, wounded: ba tren talchar taebchirrthi rocuired in chuibleng sin, Aen. 2015 . tren-fhir thaeb-chirrthi, MR 238.24 . ¤chorr: tolcha taobhchorra ` smooth-sided ,' Studies 1920, 568 § 20 . ¤chúrtha wounded in the side: tesgtha taobhchurtha, Comp. CC 126.21 . ¤daingen firm-sided: eathar ... taobh-dhaingean, TD 7.37 . ¤dána lit. bold-sided: na secht nime ... gebaid tene toebdana | otha thurcbail co fuined, SR 8263 . ¤dein pure-sided: greni fri turcbail toebdein, SR 4434 . ¤derg red-sided: ar n-a loscud o na haithindib taeb-derga, TTebe 3146 . ar thindib taeb-derga ... tellaig, MR 238.8 . ¤díllid (?): mar táid na litre 'na línibh | 'na sráid thilte thaoibh-dhíllidh, Ériu v 58.100 . ¤donn brown-sided: na mbeann dtaobhdhonn, TD 28.22 . ¤dorcha dark-sided: is tiugha taebdorchai tonna srotha Ismen, TTebe 3602 . ¤étrocht bright-sided: barruachtar a tonn tulgorm taebedrucht, CCath. 870 . ¤fota long-sided, tall (of persons): maccán Eithne tóebfhotta, Trip. 150.12 = Three Hom. 98.30 . toebfota Temrach long-sided one of Tara (Niall Nóigiallach), RC xxiv 192.6 . ¤ḟrémach: tamhan ... taeb[ḟ]remach widely rooting, MR 98.13 . ¤gel white-sided, bright-sided, fair in form: a Dauid toebgil, SR 6366 . a theglach toebgel, 7594 . rith find fris' tóibgel tondat, Imr. Brain 4 . acc brisedh tor ttaobhgheal ┐ caislén ccomdaingen, AFM v 1658.27 . ¤gerrtha hacked: ina ttamhnaibh taoibhgherrtha, AFM v 1758.15 . ¤glan pure-sided, fair-sided: Temuir thōibglan, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 20.7 . for tractaib taeb-glanna, TTr. 1146 . tonda ... taebglana, TTebe 3532 . os ferlannaib ... in prephir taeb-glain, MR 112.11 . ¤glas green-sided: dar rian re[i]dmas tond dian t., Anecd. i 68 § 159 . ort a t. a tulach, Acall. 739 n. . ¤gorm blue-sided: asa truaill taebguirm, TTebe 974 . ¤grind: tech mór fo thalmain t., Metr. Dinds. iii 246.68 v.l. (-tirim text). ¤lán pregnant: ocus si thaeb-lan torrach, Metr. Dinds. ii 74.50 . ¤lasamain, ¤lasamna side-flaming: teni taidlech taeb-lasamna, TTebe 2221 . na tenti t., 2256 . ¤lebar slender-sided: am égni tháeib-leaphur, Anecd. i 28 § 26. torc taeibhleabar, Acall. 1555 . ¤lethan broad-sided: don chrích ... thaoibhleathain, TD 26.18 . ¤nembán: gnúis taoibhneambán rosy-cheeked , TD 28.26 . ¤nocht bare-sided, naked: cia beo i ngortai, ciam toebnocht, SR 1540 . atai co truag ┐ co t., MacCarthy 62.15 . uair nocho n-aenlocht cen on | is taebhnocht i trefocul, Auraic. 2078 . ¤nuaide fresh, young: dá dhreich thaobhnuaidhe, DDána 109.16 . a cuaine taobhnaoidhe tais, Ó Bruad. iii 54.11 . ¤réid smooth-sided: a Teamraigh taoibhréidh, Ériu viii 85.101 . ¤rigin sluggish, slothful: da raibhe taoibh-righin i saothrughadh na subháilceadh, TSh. 10671 . ¤ruad red-sided: Eó Tortan táeb-rúad, Metr. Dinds. iv 242.28 . ¤scaílte having wounded sides: comdaís taebh-scaílti ... colla na curadh ` side-gaping ,' MR 302.23 . ¤sheng slender-sided: dia treib toeb[sh]ing, LL 7b2 . múr gainmech fo thuind tóeb-sheiṅg, Metr. Dinds. ii 46.6 . Tadhg taoibhsheng, ZCP viii 221.6 . Of land: tír táebsheng, FDG² 21.658 . ¤shlemain smooth-sided: tarbh ... taeipslemain, CCath. 4788 . do tighibh taeibhshlemhnu, 5823 . ¤shnoighthe lopped (?): coill o a tortaibh taobsnoighthe, ZCP ii 349.4 . ¤sholus bright-sided: dom triath talchur táob-ṡolus, LL 385b14 . dá drong dég ... ar in treib tolgmóir taebsoluis, SG 249.15 . ? ¤taisean: o ri Temrach t., BB 281a41 (cf. Leb. Cert. 254 ). ¤thana thin-sided, slender-sided: co n-immud tond tóebthana, Metr. Dinds. iii 262.38 . edach t., Leb. Cert. 250.14 . ¤thescaigthe side-cut, having the sides wounded: gur ba taebhtheascaighi treoin da treas, CF 554 . ¤thirim dry-sided, dry-sloped: la ri Temrach taebthirma, BB 46b24 . co mbidis na d-taiseandaibh tartaighe taeb-thiorma, MR 102.5 . ¤tholl having perforated, wounded sides , IT ii1 183.235 . curua taobhtholl treghdai, TTebe 3824 . ¤threbraid having plaited (?) sides: do thimsugad luirech ... t., MR 224.8 . ¤throm heavy-sided, stout: in talum taebthromm, KMMisc. 158.140 . re torcaibh taebhtroma, Acall. 915 . Treblann taebhtrom stately (?), ZCP xiii 174.4 . Stair Erc. 510 . Of women pregnant: fúair a bhean taebhtrom torrach, Imr. Brain (Comp. Mong.) 61.3 . ZCP xiii 197.7 . ¤uaine green-sided, —sloped: arin muir torthaig taebúaine, Acall. 6260 . ilar tonn taebhuaine, CCath. 308 . do tolcha t., IT ii2 127.143 . ¤uar cold-sloped: a tulchaib taebuara T., TTebe 2656 . Tlachtga togha nar thaeb-fhuar `not chill was her bosom,' Metr. Dinds. iv 186.18 = ZCP xiv 159.14 .

taigerad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. taigerad or dil.ie/39592
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: togaertha

n u, m. enticing, decoying, luring into a trap: na tabraim daibh comairli togartha no taigertha na trenfer, BB 422b3 . togaertha, TTr. 859 . cetheora poca ... ir-richt cethri [n-én] co mbidis oc togerad cāem nErenn ... cen togairad C. ō shein ille, RC xvi 68.14 , 20 . ro ghabhsat aga ttimcelladh ┐ ag taigheradh troda friú surrounding them and skirmishing with them (?), AFM vi 2032.23 . tangadar lucht taighertha ar na triathaib ... dá luathmescadh `certain companies thrown out to make a feint against them,' Caithr. Thoirdh. 79.4 . in lucht taigherta `the decoy ,' 79.10 . fedhan ... do thaigherad in tromsluaigh, 81.39 . nach raibe tarbadh na taigheradh `there no longer was any profit of keeping him in view,' 82.14 . conid i ticced do thaidheradh fortsa cach tan nocluintea in guth ic labrai frit (i.e. in a dream), D IV 2, 71a21 . ’gár dtaighéaradh (: éanar), Éigse xxi 40 § 1 .

tairderc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tairderc or dil.ie/39689

n (derc) viewing, surveying: tardharc .i. dearchadh tharsa, O'Cl. baí dano Láeg co a thuarascbail ┐ t.¤ for aird `surveying him,' RC xiv 404.9 . Cf. ni cumgaitis fir Erend a rim no a tarrdarc ín gach magin i mbidis , BB 386a44 . But: t.¤ .i. in smétiud ( nodding, beckoning ), O'Dav. 1141.

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