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1 ardán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ardán or dil.ie/4056

 

n (1 ard + 3 án or deriv. of 1 ard?) name of a kind of vessel for liquids or drinking-vessel , `pigin', Manners and Customs iii Index . fid-lestra .i. cach lestar . . . itir ardan ┐ cuadh, Laws v 406.20 Comm. a mías ┐ a a.¤ , ZCP vi 271.19 . ? at fola ferdomna ardan errad Ulad cucad (rhet.), Ériu i 116 § 5 . ? a m̄c alcain abhi arburd ardain a ṡaibh ḟir, IT iii 99 § 165 .

bacrad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bacrad or dil.ie/5103
Last Revised: 2019

 

vn. of bacraid. act of threatening: bagradh Sh. ar Ph., O'Gr. Cat. 4.3. ? baccrad hi Múscraige Mittaine co farcbaiset Éladach mc. nDúnlainge ┐ .clxx. '... in Múscraige Mittaine, and they left Éladach, son of Dúnlang, and one hundred and seventy [dead]', AI 126 (s.a. 828) .

badb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. badb or dil.ie/5114
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: Badb, baidhbh, bodb, Badbchadh

n ā, f. Note also a s. Badb, LL 6939. n p. baidhbh, IGT Decl. ex. 814. Earlier bodb. Name of a war-goddess; hooded crow; scald-crow (in which form the goddess appeared). See RC i 32 ff. , Études Celt. viii 407 f . and Heldensage p. 63 . Represented as stirring up conflict, foretelling slaughter and rejoicing over the slain; in translation literature usually equated with the Furies. Machae .i. b.¤ nō asī an tres morrīgan, O'Mulc. 813. Nemain Danand B.¤ is Macha/Morrígu . . ./ bantuathecha Tuathe De Danand, LL 16541. cu cuala ní in boidb dinib collaib, LU 4937. ind Neamain (.i. in B.), TBC-LL¹ 2444. atcithea in b.¤ catha gach n-aidhchi (= Erinnys), CCath. 902. an b.¤ . . . .i. Tisipone, TTebe 4313 . cru fechto .i. b.¤ , Corm. Y 308. Cf. O'Dav. 375. teathra .i. badhb, no feanóg, O'Cl. badhbh, fíach garbh, préachan ingneach, Eg. Gl. 59. ? cro tria rinne bodhbh mos linge, AFM i 302.x . co ṅgés b.¤ dia burd dia blai (of a shield), LL 18398. tanac-sa im baidb buaidertha co tech m'athar (because bringing tidings of slaughter ?), TTebe 1899 . loch na baidbe (also referred to as a `péist'), BNnÉ 135. 15 .

Of leucistic ravens : atractatar badba bána béllethna osa cennaib, LL iv 32510 . grēchfaitit badba bānæ, BDC 124 .314 .

Of humans, with negative connotations: Imdai na mBadb. Atconnarc triar nocht hi cléthi, LU 7653 . do éirgitar teóra hingena … .i. trí badhba … ┐ trí hamaidi, Comp. CC 80 § 12 . a bhaidhbh! 'thou witch!', Atlantis iv 120.28 (of Aoife).

Of humans, with positive connotations: borb do bhualadh, a bhadhbh Cabha 'harsh your smiting, O scald-crow of Cabha', Giolla Brighde 116 § 31 . a bhadhbh Chruachan, DDána 84.3 (of a chief). ar ógbhaidhbh eich `young raven-like steed', Magauran 1252 . badhbh bionnchuain Bhreagh 'the warrior of the sweet shore of Breagha', Celtica xxvi 97 § 4 . níor shaor badhbh airmghéar Uisnigh | saighnéan na n-arm n-éachtaigh sin 'the flash of those deadly weapons did not save the sharp-weaponed hero of Uisneach', Celtica xxvi 101 § 27 .

Attrib. g s. in sense deadly, fatal, dangerous, ill-fated: badhba .i. túath, Ériu xiii 75 § 196. badhb .i. túath thire, O'Cl. crothsait cress ṁbodbae `ein Kriegsgedränge', Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 20.24 . in t-indellchró bodba fer talman, LU 6410. na bairendlecca bodba (of stones used as missiles), TBC-LL¹ 4662. briathra baidhbhe . . . ┐ tuath-bhan-glór (i.e. words of ill-omen), MR 294.21 . ní mar bu baidhbi (i.e. dying kine), Leb. Cert. 46.9 .

Compds. Forming nn. pr. Badbchadh, MacCarthy 184 n. Bodbgal mc. Fergale, Ann. Inisf. A.D. 752 . In other compds. usually with meaning deadly, warlike, venomous: lucht onad buidi badbfiach, Rawl. 77a22 . in badblaech Berngal, LL 2365. do-chúatar huile i mbadbraind 'they all became the portion of crows', SR (Greene) 5400 . badbrí Cuicidh hErend huili, Auraic. 5167. Bruchst. i 7 § 7. badbruat[h]ar calma, Aen. 2855. oc toibeim for Láegairi don badbscel ro innis (false) tale of slaughter, LU 8939 (H, FB 70 ).

With adj. in bennfhata badbluath cetlong in betha .i. Argo, TTebe 1941 .

With adj. derived from noun: mna buaidirthi badbchaeintecha . . . na nGrec, TTebe 4777 . See also s.v. badbda.

benn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. benn or dil.ie/5654
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: b(e)inn, beinde, Binde, Beinne, Binne, benna, benna, benn, bennaib, bend, bend, bend, beinn

n a d s. and n du. b(e)inn. g s. beinde, O'Curry 1021 cited infra, Binde, Celt. Rev. x 135.7 . Beinne, Binne, Hog. Onom. n p. benna, Críth G. 450. n a p. benna, g p. benn, d p. bennaib, f., DDána Gloss. Note also a s. bend, PH 2792 , IGT Decl. ex. 643. d s. bend (: lenn), K. and H. 10. n du. b.¤ , CCath. 1337. `n. (? later f.),' Críth G. Vocab.

(a) mountain, crag, peak, point; crest, summit: o Shliab Belgadain don B. / ard in b.¤ imarbaigem `lofty is the mountain', Ériu viii 26.7 , 8 . ar binn ós Loch Feabail aird, ZCP viii 223.26 . Liath na trí mb.¤ , Acall. 936. ar bennaibh is ar barrgail on hill- and tree-tops, Anecd. ii 23.23 . beinnini ar gach mb.¤ , BS 80.4 . as súd soir go beinn Bóthair, Oss. iv 20.25 . [in] ceín bess bend ar in bith `for as long as the hills shall stand', Ériu vii 229 § 77. ó bheannaibh Béirre `from the hills of B.', Aithd. D. 11.7 . ar beinn Chliachmhuighi, IGT Introd. 23.25 . (of the edge (?) of an Alpine crevasse) tuitiss sīoss re beinn an ailt, Fl. Earls 86.z . i mbeannaibh sliabh on the mountain tops, TSh. 3491. as ris shamhlaim th'aiscin-si / is ra bend i nnimh star (?), Anecd. ii 25.11 . Fig. of a pre-eminent person: Gobán sáor . . . / b.¤ ar shaoraibh, BNnÉ 241 § 179 .

Transf. of outline of land: da b.¤ cumga do thír `two narrow horns of land', CCath. 1337.

(b) pinnacle, spire; gable; corner, etc. of building, structure, etc. ; ette nó b.¤ múir gl. pinna, Sg. 67a7 . bend a pinna muri , O'Mulc. 136. for béind aird in tempuil . . . = super pinnaculum templi, Matthew iv 5 , PH 4712. Caisel . . . / b.¤ im a téigenn teine, SG 206.9 . ar beinn inna scríne, Trip. 86.10 . ar bind mhór chluigtighe Chluana pinnacle of the round tower, Celt. Rev. x 143.16 . ar chomhairle clog na seacht mbeann, Oss. iv 42.16 . . . . na múrrtha mbeann of the battlemented walls (?), KMMisc. 50.23 . ar beind chloche, ZCP xii 273.24 . in mac . . . co farcbad for beind chroisse i ndorus chille (an abandoned child), LL 36996 = Fél. 242.7 . fer coirthe .i. in fer curthur for beinn croise gan feronn, O'D. 462 (H. 3.17, 357). Laws v 134.17 Comm. mac toc[h]air .i. do binn croisi, O'Curry 399 (H. 3.18, 222b). ingen do cuirthear do cill, i mbulg no for beinn croisse, O'D. 529 (H. 3.17, 428). fágbhais ar beinn croise . . . an mála `on one of the arms of a cross', Keat. iii 2122 . caithir chuanna ceithre mbeann (of a castle), DDána 119.16 . gur thúirrlind Léithin (an eagle) ar bind don lomán `a corner of the rampike' (p. 124), Celt. Rev. x 135.21 . beann do bhúain da thalamh `to take a piece of his land' (Gloss.), O'R. Poems 1627. beinn `a high top, pinnacle ', Eg. Gl. 104. do bhennuibh bhárc `poops of ships', Rel. Celt. ii 228.9 . Hence in plant-name: beand múir (lit. projection on a wall) `houseleek?' (Index), ACL i 335.71 .

(c) wing of an army, fleet: i mbeind cli in catha `in the left wing of the battle', CCath. 5781. do bennaib cath, O'Dav. 1335. tig féin is beann don chabhlach i dtír `a wing of the fleet', Keat. iii 4828.

(d) horn of animal: inna benna duacarbat gl. corn[u]a, Ml. 87b12 . b.¤ gl. cornu, Sg. 63a6 . cornua .i. b.¤ , Thes. ii 46.31 . co mbert a inathar as fora beandaib (a bull), TBC-I¹ 880. for bennuib na mbó, Airne F. 353. dá beind for trí fichtib rend sixty-two points (?) (of stag's antlers), Imr. Brain ii 288.18 . benna na n-aigi, TBC-LL¹ 1342. tucsat didiu a mbenda ┐ a n-dedu docum na scor their (sc. elephants') tusks, ZCP xxx 136.6 (Alex.). (of a whale ?) na blaith ┐ na benna sin, Éigse vi 119 § 16. gell tar benna i.e. a pledge given in respect of impounded cattle: ata, dono, gell tar benna . . . di athgabail iar ndithim, Laws ii 128.29 Comm. ni dlig feichem acht apad cuicti . . . acht geall tar benda . . . dar benda na bó uair is fri logh enech teid(h), O'Curry 519 (H. 3.18, 261b).

b.¤ (búabaill) a (buffalo) horn; hence drinking horn, goblet: atraacht Conchobor ra beind breccṡolais buabaill a speckled and shining buffalo horn, LL 34745. crúaidi . . . / immar bít benna búabaill `hard . . . as a buffalo's horns' (of a hag's teeth), Ériu iv 102 § 45. etrocht bass fo beind buabaill, IT iii 47 § 76. ar ól mb.¤ `quaffing goblets', O'Gr. Cat. 479.13. See also s. búaball.

Of musical instruments b.¤ (búabaill): ro bidhgsat . . . lasin fuaim . . . do ben Ercuil asan mbeinn mbuabuillsidhe `which H. made on that trumpet', Stair Erc. 177. ro hir dom .x. ngrib ingne .x. mbenda (.i. .x. cuirn buabhaill) bonnadharc buabaill blaith, Ériu ii 4.3 . searbhghlaodhach a mbeann mbuabhall `ivory horns', TD 4.32 . píp trí mbeann `the three-droned pipe', Ó Bruad. iii 130.12 .

(e) prong, point (of various forked and pointed objects): gabul ina laim ┐ da beind eisti a two-pointed fork, Ériu v 72.20 . aél co mbennaib braine, LL 38335. for cetheora benna na gabla (in c[h]raind, TBC-I¹ 308 ), LU 4799. trí chét unga óir isin chainde[l]bru, secht mbenna fair forsa mbítis secht sutrulla `seven branches upon which were seven lamps', Celtica iv 32.18 . beanda . . . slegh spearpoints, ZCP xiv 230.2 . seacht cumala go leith lenta locht mara bennaib Baisgne, glossed: .uii. cumala . . . i cinaidh do beinde it armaib a ua Baiscne, O'Curry 1021 (H. 3.18, 431a-b). beann bhrasbhaoghlach thréan nách trom, Measgra D. 14.12 . b.¤ gher do beith agud, ┐ fend lesin mbeinn `have a sharp point and lance (?) it with the point', Celtica ii 46.3 . cen slegha, cen bera cen benna `points' (of a fence), Laws iv 114.9 Comm. ? carbat bo bricci for beind (benn, v.l.), IT iii 81 § 57.

(f) crest, diadem, etc. (of a helmet, head-dress, etc.): buidne bend `crested bands', Hail Brigit 20 . beann oir . . . as gach cathbarr, Anecd. ii 77 § 3. pn In epithet: Findchad Fer Bend Uma, MU² 36. donn a cuach ballghlas a beann `her coif (?)', Aithd. D. 1.34 . beann eich uaibhrigh `frontlet' ( Ir. Monthly 1929, 333.20 ), DDána 111.20 . By metonymy (?) of a horse: an bheann (perh. = bean) is fearr cluas is cos, Measgra D. 15.1.4 .

(g) Various applications: bratgal na mbrat siúil risna bennaib yards , TTr. 1420 ( LL 32231 ). uagais brigais beand siuil, ` sail-tops ', Ériu xxiv 14 § 13. Of a shield: cetheora benna óir fair, TBC-I¹ 3580. Of a garment (see Ériu xvi 201 ): a dá beind imo brágait the two corners (of the cloak) about his neck, MacCongl. 65.2 . ocht mbruit co mbennaibh (mbuindibh, v.l.), Leb. Cert.² 1314. co r-gabus bend etaig Isu `hem', PH 2792. ar beinn a bruit on the skirt of her mantle, Ériu v 76.37 .

In phr. rí b.¤ king of peaks (?), one of three classes of kings enumerated in Críth G. (see p. 104 ): ríi b.¤ . . . Is hé rí túaithe insin las mbiat .vii. ngrá(i)d Ḟéne cona foḟodlaib i céilsini, ar it hé benna flatha doruirmisem, Críth G. 448 - 450 . O'Dav. 1335.

(h) In adverbial phrases: immo rēir a b.¤ i mb.¤ `from height to height' (Thurn.), for ever (?), ZCP xi 57 § 10. co bráth b.¤ for ever (and ever): ni theit co brath buidneach beann / neach it relcib in ifernd, YBL 318a58 . o sin amach co brath mbend, Anecd. ii 40.7 . re mbrath mbend, BB 17b32 .

(i) Freq. in nn. loc., usu. in senses point, peak, hill , see Hog. Onom. B. Étair, ibid., also ZCP xv 195.

In late use heed, attention, regard: gan beinn air bith air na haitheanta do choimheud `without any care to keep the commandments', Donlevy 176.24 . ní bhí beann agad orum = thou regardest me not, Job xxx 20 . nách fuil . . . beann aco air, Párl. na mB. 625 . gan beann do chur ar raidhtibh na heagluisi coitchinne, Luc. Fid. 3993. na cuir beann, suim, spéis, seadh, ann `regard', Eg. Gl. 71.

Compds.

(a) With nouns: don bheannabrog bhuadhach bhán gabled mansion, 23 G 24 , 388 . dá cromsciath ┐ da bendchlaidiub mara occo, LU 7671 (BDD). ōs Bregmaig na mbendchros ` peaked crosses', Arch. Hib. ii 94 § 25. re fogur thet mbeandchrot, Lec. 174rb3 (for mennch. ?). sreatha . . . téad mbeannchrot, Maguires of F. 86. cloidme m[ora] benndorncair horn-hilted, TBC St. 4524 , Gloss. cuirn mc Donnchadha / dleghait buideachus / buidhe bendgealla securities of horn (?), IT iii 91 § 128. do bheannmhoighe `thy lofty plains', Gadelica 11 § 3 .

(b) With adjj.: faoidh a stoc mbennbuidhe ` yellow-tubed ', O'Gr. Cat. 474.20. táin láoghach bhenncor bhó with pointed horns, KMMisc. 174 § 33. do dhromchladh na Bóirne bennghairbhe ` rugged-topped ', AFM vi 2102.11 . laogh Droma bheinnghil Bhó `white-peaked D.B.', Aithd. D. 25.12 . rosaich co Cua cendmar cain / comét bend-glan in buair sain, Metr. Dinds. iv 338.26 .

(c) With adjj. formed from nouns: múr na sgiath mbeannbhladhach mbláith with fair-famed and gabled buttresses, DDána 119.1 . tar beilgibh bennchairrgidhe `rocky passes', AFM vi 2198.8 . brocc bendchoprach (sc. Cell Dara), RC xiii 114 § 160 (see ¤chopor supra). cloidme benndornachae 'swords with hilts of horn', BDC 106.37 .

1 bruiden

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bruiden or dil.ie/7093
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: bruidhean

n ā, f. bruidhean (rit ┐ ón tigh) (o dha chéill, v.l.) f., IGT Decl. § 54 (see 2 bruiden).

hostel, large banqueting-hall; house, mansion (also of similar hall in otherworld, O'Rahilly, EIHM 121 f .): bithobéle trá in b.¤ is aire asberthea bruden di ar is cosmail fri beólu fir oc cor bruidne. no bruden .i. bruthen .i. en bruthe inte, LU 6997 ( BDD 64 ). is [s]í sin (i.e. B. Meic Dathó) in chōiced bruiden ro-boī i nHērinn . . . ┐ bruden Da-Derg . . . ┐ bruden Ḟorgaill Manaich ┐ bruden Me[i]c Da-Rēo . . . ┐ bruden Da-Choca, Sc.M² 1. se Bruidni Erenn . . . / Bruidin Da Berga . . . / Bruden Mic da tho . . . / Bruden Da Coga . . . / Bruden mic Cecht da reo n-ard . . . / Bruden Blai briughaidh . . . / Bruden Forgaill Mhanach, RC xxi 396 § 31 (see O'Rahilly loc. cit.). Maicne nAlim arme aichirburi bruid[n]e Deirgg, O'Mulc. 606. luid C. . . . isin mBruidin, BDD² 524. dorus na Bruidhne, 536 . co fintaís a n-esbada oc brudin, LU 7035 ( BDD 67 ). drumne d'ór milib molta bruidni berga, LL 6447 ( RC xxxvi 262 § 1 ). Dardain bruidne Daberga, YBL 125b21 . bás ríg na llaech 'sin Brudin / la Iṅcél caech, MacCarthy 196 § 1 . i n-iarthar Midi im Bruidin Da Choca .i. brugaidh, Geneal. Tracts 163 § 124. co B. mc. Dareo, 123 § 3 . buaile donn narodluigheadh / bruighean donn ┐ tenedh, IT iii 85 § 81. amal chíaig do rigbrudin, LU 6476 (TBC). for coi ceithre sliged no bid nach b.¤ , RC xxi 314 § 31 (B. Da Chocae). secht ndoruis isin bruidin, Sc.M² 1 . ós blai bruidhne, Acall. 454. SG 104.8 . d'ionnsaighidh ná bruighne `to attack the court', ML 52.33 . ba b.¤ ban ndérach ndocht `thou shalt be a lodging of tearful . . . women', Metr. Dinds. iii 96.19 . san bhruidhin ós Bhreaghmhuigh `in the castle', PBocht 10.15 . bruidhean ḟuar na ndrithleann ndearg (Ifreann), DDána 31.3 . 'san mbruidhin sin, Keat. Poems 1484. bruidhean bíatuigh, IGT Decl. ex. 814. tiad do bhruidhin . . . M. make submission to M., DDána 85.49 (see tech). ? cobrath ṁbrudin, SR 931 (2 bruiden ?).

In `togla' group of tales (see Heldensage 21f.): na toghla . . . Togail Bruidne Da Derga, Togail Bruidne Da Choga, Togail Bruidne Belcon Breifne, Togail Bruidne Dáthi, Anecd. ii 44 § 5. B. da Cocæ in scel sin anuas, RC xxi 394 § 72. See also 2 bruiden

Common in nn. loc., see Hog. Onom. B. (grouped under Dinnogam), Auraic. 5688.

cethramthu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cethramthu or dil.ie/8929

 

Forms: cethraimthe, cethraime, cethrama, cethruman, cethraimhe

n n, f. (cethramad). Later cethraimthe, cethraime, cethrama (somet. uninfl.). cethratta, Críth G. 127 v.l. cethruman, Laws ii 398.18 . cethramha, IGT Decl. § 9 . cethraimhe (with optional dental infl. in pl.), § 3 . quarter, fourth part .

(a) teora huara cecha cethramthan di gl. quatuor partes noctis, Ml. 95d8 . teora cethramdin huare gl. dodrante, BCr. 25c1 . ind lethbargin ┐ ind cethramtu, Mon. Tall. 151.z . a tri a ceathramthu (of number 12), Auraic. 1448 = cethraime, 3059 . cethrumthu bairgine, Anecd. i 7.24 ( SCano 224 ). in tan rancutar cethrumthi in t-srotha when they were a quarter of the way across, Alex. 679 . maille cethramhuin úaire, RSClára 82a . cethraime fer n-Erenn, RC xvii 416.18 (Tig.). teora cethraimthi fer n-Erenn, xii 426 § 10 . don cethraimthi, § 12 . teora cethramthana (n p.), LL 2027 . nisfuicfe achtmad cethramthain, LB 242b85 ( MS. Mat. 633 ). in c.¤ thérna d'ḟeraib rige [hE.], LL 2034 . ceatrame do dhainibh, BB 37b15 .

(b) Freq. in legal contexts of portions of penalties, produce, etc.: lan ┐ leth, trian ┐ c.¤ , Laws i 258.z . sellach dosli cethramthain feich, 242.3 . ailid cethramthain a thoraid, iv 194.3 . teora cethramna, v 320.22 . t[ri] colp[ta] trín ┐ da cholpthaigh cethraimhe worth (liable for?) one fourth, Ériu xiii 45.13 . cethruimthi ratha, Laws iii 328.16 Comm.

(c) Of the quartered human body: roptís do renga rigthi ┐ do chetramain scaílte ricfaitís úaim dochom in dúnaid your torn limbs, LU 5660 ( TBC-I¹ 1183 ). na n-ágib minta ┐ na cethramthanaib fodalta, TBC-LL¹ 2979 . dorónadh cethramhna comhroinnte díobh they were quartered, AFM v 1676.12 . Note also: do bhúail mé ar mo cheathramhuin = thigh, Jeremiah xxxi 19 . tairfeith, ceathramhan, sliasad, Eg. Gl. 577 .

(d) Of animals: cethraime na muici no da cois na muici fo braghait, Sc.M² 18 R . ní bha bruithi . . . in mucc co indistar fir cacha ceatramhan dí, BB 262b5 . ceathramha deiridh . . . an ceathramha deiridh eile . . . ceathramha cind . . . in ceathramha eile, Feis Tighe Chonáin 553 . an madra agá mbíonn saoid sáighte 'na cheathramhuin, Párl. na mB. 1787 .

(e) part; district, quarter ; name of a measure of land (see Stud. Celt. i 15 , Manners and Customs i 153 ): isin ceathromain deisceartaig don tig, Ériu v 232.5 . c.¤ Tighi Midchuarta, YBL 419ax . an chethraimhe fa nesa di don chathraigh, AFM vi 2012.18 . dá cheathramhuin féin = to his quarter, Isaiah xlvii 15 . deich mba cacha cethraman, Metr. Dinds. iii 310.104 `quarter of land', Gloss. go ceathramhain Bhaile Bhiataigh, ML 110.2 . See Hog. Onom. Note also: do fhaguibh a mhuinntir ar chethramh san bhaile sin `left his men quartered in that town', Rel. Celt. ii 204.35 . gan cethramh do thabhairt do dhuine ar bioth to spare no one, 194.31 .

(f) As measure of quantity, weight, etc.: deich fichit leathuṅga . . . ┐ deich fichit cethramthan, TBC-I¹ 2231 . ceath- ruma co leit do siucra, Rosa Angl. 312.x . cethramthi n-ōil o cach aithech, Irish Texts i 19 § 5 .

(g) Metr. fourth part of a quatrain, line (see IT iii 128 ): for deriud na cetramthan tusighe, 26.24 . ín ceathramtana mor m̅c Adhumnain so sis, 92 § 139 (see p. 159). sé sillæba ina cethramnaib (of the metre rinnaird), Fél.² vii 11 . amail is cuibhdi comfada a ceathramuna, IGT Metr. Faults § 13 .

(h) In Laws appar. period of four days (cf. cethramad ?): a dligid for cethraimthain, Laws i 144.25 .i. ceithri laithe aicenta, 146.22 Comm. i forba na tri cethraman `the thrice four days', 148.14 Comm. apadh teora cethruimthe, 80.z Comm. dithim cethraman `a delay in pound of four days', 148.y Comm. dia cethraime `on the fourth day', z Comm. Cf. use of cuiced at Laws v 408.3

con-icc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. con-icc or dil.ie/12189
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: conicimm, conicim, -cumhgaim, -cuimcim, cotnici, connice, conici(d), connice, -chumci, -cumgai, conicc, connic, cunic, conicc, cotdicc, condric, darric, -cumuing, -cumaing, -cuming, -cumaic, -cumaicc, -chumic, -chumcam, -cumcem, conicid, -cumcaid, -cumcid, conecat, cotecat, connecait, -cumcat, -chumgat, -cumget, conecar, -cumacar, -cumangar, -cumangair, coniced, -cúmcad, -cuimgedh, -cumgaitis, -chumcaitis, -cuimgidis, condníis, connisor, -coemos, choníis, chonis, -chaemais, -chuimser, -caemais, con, -cumai, -cum, -chom, -caem, conidistar, -coimastar, -coemnustar, -choimsithar, -caomnais, caemhnas, conisamar, choníssid, conísat, -cumset, -cúm[s ?]at, -coemsat, -cœmset, -chaemsat, chotíssind, -cuimsin, -caemsaind, -choemsaind, conísed, connisad, -cuimsed, -cóemsad, -choemnacair, -ccaomhsadh, -cæmnasad, -caomnaistea, chotísmis, -cuimsimmis, -caemsimmis, -coemsamuis, chonísti, connistais, -choemsaitis, -choemstais, -ccaomtais, -chaemsadis, con-icub, conniciub, -cumgub, conicbe, cotniocfa, conicfa, -chumgaba, conn icfidear, conicfam, conicfid, conicfed, cotnicfat, -cumgabat, conicfed, cunicbad, conícfad, -cumcaibed, conicfimmis, connicfaitis, con-icf(a)itis, connicfitis, cotaneccar, conanacur, -coemnacar, -coemnacair, co-t-ánic, conánic, conrainig, -chaemnaic, condnanacair, conranagair, -choimnucuir, -coimnacuir, -coemnacar, -chaemnaic, conrancus, -caemnas, -coemnus, -caemnacair, -coemnacair, -caemnacair, -coimnacmar, -coimnacaid, -coemnacabar, con-áncatar, conangatar, conrangatar, -coimnactar, -comnactar, -cæmnachtar, -caomhnagatar, -chuma(i)ng, -chumngaim, chuingess, -cuingebtais, -comdaighdur, -conicab, -conice, -coni[c ?]satt, -chōem, -caomain, -chaomhsat, cumang

v ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 554 ). On -aing and coím- in prot. forms see Ped. loc. cit., Pokorny, ZCP xiii 109.10 , GOI 354 , 425 . Indic. pres. 1 s. conicimm, Wb. 20d6 . conicim, Thes. i 498.11 (Ardm.). -cumcu, Ml. 18b5 . -cumhgaim, Blathm. 148 . -cuimcim, RC iii 345.21 . 2 s. cotnici, LU 6381 . connice, PH 1181 . conici(d), RC xii 88 § 98 . connice, PH 1181 . -chumci, LU 5166 . -cuimgi, RC xii 104 § 153 . -cumgai, BDD² 767 . 3 s. conicc, Wb. 4b11 . connic, Ml. 24d14 . cunic, 74b14 . conicc, Sg. 27a18 . cotdicc, Wb. 5b40 . ? condric, LU 5165 = darric, TBC-I¹ 683 . -cumuing, Wb. 9d16 . -cumaing, 11b9 . -cuming, Thes. ii 6.31 . -cumaic, ZCP viii 308.21 . -cumaicc, RC xii 104 § 52 . -chumic, Ériu vii 142 § 15 . 1 p. -chumcam, Wb. 4a27 . -cumcem, RC iii 346.2 . 2 p. conicid, Fél. Ep. 381 . -cumcaid, LU 7156 . -cumcid, 7173 . 3 p. conecat, Sg. 32b14 . cotecat, 173b4 . connecait, Laws i 242.21 Comm. -cumcat, Ml. 23a5 . -chumgat, 56c7 . -cumget, 112b16 . Pass. s. conecar, PH 3038 . -cumacar, Todd Nenn. 216.9 . -cumangar, LU 6518 . -cumangair, YBL 138b6 .

Impf. 3 s. coniced, RC ii 398.11 . -cúmcad, PH 1320 . -cuimgedh, Celtica iv 30.430 . 3 p. -cumgaitis, Ml. 102a9 . -chumcaitis, LU 4986 . -cuimgidis, CCath. 2005 .

Subj. pres. 1 s. condníis, SR 1874 . connisor, TBC-I¹ 3529 . -coemos, Anecd. iii 73.19 . 2 s. choníis, Wb. 10a21 . chonis, RC xii 104 § 153 . -chaemais (as fut.), LU 207 . -chuimser, Anecd. iii 57.19 . -caemais, RC x 84.2 , Anecd. i 72 . 3 s. con, Sg. 25b14 . -cumai, -cum, Ml. 31c19 , 32d15b , 87d13 , 129b6 (-cu[m]). -chom, 53a5 . -caem, Laws ii 302.9 Comm. As depon.: conidistar, Ériu vii 140.21 . -coimastar, ii 138 § 127 (parsing uncertain). Pass. -coemnustar, RC ii 400 § 42 (appar. in fut. sense). -choimsithar, BB 210b6 (= caemnagair, Todd Nenn. 92.4 ). ? -caomnais, O'Curry 1167 ( H 3.18, 463b ) = caemhnas, O'D. 2322 ( Rawl. B 506, 33d ) (parsing uncertain). 1 p. conisamar, IT ii2 228.7 (as fut.). 2 p. choníssid, Fél. Ep. 393 . 3 p. conísat see OIPG 99 . -cumset, Ml. 39c26 . -cúm[s ?]at, PH 1131 . -coemsat, Alex. 93 . -cœmset (as fut.), ZCP v 498.23 . -chaemsat (as fut.), SG 329.20 . Atlantis iii 400.15 .

Subj. impf. 1 s. chotíssind, Fraech 148 . -cuimsin, Wb. 17b1 . -caemsaind, MR 42.16 . -choemsaind (as condit.), Fen. 308.5 . 3 s. conísed, LU 7110 . connisad, MacCarthy 42.28 . -cuimsed see OIPG 100 . -cóemsad, Goid. 94.3 . MacCarthy 62.5 (as condit.) = -choemnacair, SR 1514 . -ccaomhsadh, AFM v 1552.7 . -cæmnasad (-coemhsatt, v.l.,), Ériu ii 178.16 . Pass. -caomnaistea, Laws ii 208.26 Comm. 1 p. chotísmis, Wb. 25a1 . -cuimsimmis, 17c18 . -caemsimmis, LL 28126 ( Metr. Dinds. iv 346.z .). -coemsamuis, RC iii 346.9 . v 199 § 9 (as condit. ). 3 p. chonísti, Sg. 138a9 . connistais, Rawl. B 512, 72c (Plummer MS. notes). conistais, ZCP xxx 62. 1099 . -choemsaitis, SR 519 . -choemstais (metri gratia), 932 . -ccaomtais, ZCP xiv 256.17 . -chaemsadis (as condit. ), YBL 326a10 .

Fut. 1 s. con-icub, Wb. 32a20 . conniciub, PH 1553 . -cumgub, Ml. 49c5 . 2 s. conicbe see OIPG 100 . cotniocfa, TFrag. 208.16 . 3 s. conicfa, BColm. 72.21 . -chumgaba, Ériu vi 148.52 . Pass. conn icfidear, Todd Nenn. 92.10 . 1 p. conicfam see OIPG 100 . 2 p. conicfid, Wb. 13a10 . conicfed, 13 (see notes). cotnicfaiti, CCath. 2412 . 3 p. cotnicfat, CCath. 635 . -cumgabat, Ml. 54a19 .

Condit. 3 s. conicfed, Ml. 14a6 . cunicbad, Laws iii 270.x Comm. conícfad, RC ii 400 § 42 . -cumcaibed, Ml. 42a32 . 1 p. conicfimmis, Wb. 17a10 . 3 p. connicfaitis, Goid. 69.1 . con-icf(a)itis see OIPG 100 . connicfitis, PH 2044 .

Pret. and perf. 1 s. cotaneccar, Wb. 14c40 . 2 s. conanacur, PH 1754 . -coemnacar, LU 6381 , LL 9640 . -coemnacair, PH 1754 . 3 s. co-t-ánic, Wb. 8a14 . conánic (sic leg.), TTr.² 748 . conrainig, Ériu xvii 72.7 . -chaemnaic, LL 9031 (TBC). con-anacuir, Ml. 119d7 . condnanacair, SR 2798 . conranagair, AFM v 1356.6 . -choimnucuir, Wb. 19c10 . -coimnacuir, Ml. 116c5 . -coemnacar, PH 6306 . -chaemnaic, TBC-LL¹ 763 . Pass. conrancus, LB 141b48 . -caemnas, Laws iii 286.20 Comm. -coemnus, Anecd. iii 33.12 . -caemnacair, BNnÉ 93 § 206 . ? -coemnacair, PH 3861 . -caemnacair, RC xviii 155.19 . 1 p. -coimnacmar, Ml. 53b9 . 2 p. -coimnacaid, Wb. 9b10 . -coemnacabar, PH 3051 . 3 p. con-áncatar see OIPG 101 . conangatar, Leb. Gab.(i) 236.11 . conrangatar, Hugh Roe² 18.3 . -coimnactar, Ml. 76a5 . -comnactar, 7 . -cæmnachtar, Auraic. 1077 . -caomhnagatar, Hugh Roe² 126.8 .

Later as simple vb. with stem cu(i)mg-, cu(i)mc-, comg- (with indic. pres. and pret. 3 s. -chuma(i)ng). Note also -chumngaim, Lism. L. 1412 . chuingess (rel.), MacCongl. 113.12 . -cuingebtais, CCath. 2409 (-coemtais, v.l.). -comdaighdur, Fier. 195 (-chuimgedur, v.l.).

With generalized stem conic-: -conicab, RC iii 345.27 . -conice (pret. 3 s.), Aisl. Tond. 95.1 . -coni[c ?]satt, 96.12 ( -coniccsid, 16 ). Cf. in fhairind conicsat áine do denam, PH 4984 .

With cáem(n)-: -chōem (pret. 3 s.), MacCongl. 105.5 . -caomain, Aisl. Tond. 107.15 . -chaomhsat, Fl. Earls 154.8 . BNnÉ 298 § 40 .

IGT Verbs § 53 .

Vn. cumang.

Can, is able.

1 Gl. Lat. possum, Ml. 32d15b , 49c5 , 54b12 , 119d7 , 129b6 ; with neg. gl. nequeo, 31c19 , 41d15 , 42c32 . Cf. coni coimnacuir gl. nullus quiuerit, Ml. 116c5 .

2 With conjunctions, superlatives, etc. as best one can, to the best of one's ability, etc.: amal connicfitis `according to their ability', PH 332 . amail conidistar a nert, Ériu vii 140.21 . amail con-icfed de `according as he might', Grail 1800 . amail as déne conrangatar as fast as they could, Hugh Roe² 14.12 . do recclamaitt an lion as lia conangatar ina naghaidh as many as they could, Leb. Gab.(i) 236.11 .

3 With nas. rel. clause: con-nic do-mberthar forcell din titul `a testimony may be given', Ml. 24d14 . conicfid-si bede preceptori `ye will . . . be able to be', Wb. 13a10 . conicc bes ṅ dobriathar, Sg. 27a18 . nád chumaing aranísar and `which cannot be found there', 209b13 . connachcæmnacair anmanna de duine nā chethir ronucad a ainech secha not a living thing . . . could put its head past him, TBC-I¹ 1744 . With co: ni chumcaimm co ro-imgaiber, PH 6558 . co cæmnachtar co regdar = produci possunt, Auraic. 1077 .

4 With noun object: intan nad coimnactar-som in peccad `when they were incapable of', Ml. 76a5 . conecat a trede-sin `they can be these three things', Sg. 33a12 . mad meise conísed mo chomairle (see comairle), BDD² 708 . ní cumgat góa baa i cathroí falsehoods are ineffectual, ZCP xi 83 § 30 . is bec condnanacair forcetul is of little avail, PH 5743 . nī fuil nōeb connī a airde / co tī in Coimdiu no saint is as exalted as he (Patrick), ACL iii 303 § 3 . nach cumaghaim poinn, Ó Bruad. ii 168.24 .

5 With accus. has power over, controls, is master of: isé conic bas ┐ bethaith, Thes. i 4.29 . dot mhac . . . / con-ic na ceithri raithiu, Blathm. 226 . a rí conic aiṅgliu, Fél. Prol. 7 . ōenrī bethad . . . / con-ic sāegulrith cac[h] ōen `who determines', Ériu xvii 40 § 17 . creit dom thigerna-sa conneoch connis maroen frit those under your control, LB 159b13 .

6 In fig. etymol.: cia cumagg conanocair `what power he could wield', RC xii 82 § 79 . nach cumang conisamar, IT ii2 228.7 .

7 With 1 ní (see Duan. F. iii 249 ): intan nad cumgat a namait ni `can do nothing', Ml. 107a8 . nī coemhnagair nī nothing was accomplished, ACL iii 309.21 . ní cumcat ni la mac nDé are powerless (of earthly kings), LU 9457 . ní cumangar ní sech Dhia, Anecd. ii 15.x . With DO, DI: ní chumgaimm ní duit I can do nothing for you, Fraech 148 . ni chumaing ni damsa monuar, RC xxvi 364.8 . More usu. the prep. introduces dativus incommodi and meaning is makes an impression on, copes with, hence v. freq. injures, harms: ni chumgaim-sí am ni de I can't help that, ZCP xxvii 40.12 . dia cuimgi ní di `if thou canst answer any of it' (a question), Stair Erc. 1307 . conach cumgadais suile daine ni dho ina dechain could make nothing of it(?) (a garment), ZCP viii 539.8 . nara chumaing C. ní dóib acht in phelait . . . d'fhácbáil leo could do nothing with them (warriors), MU² 163 . cia con-icc ní dúun gl. quis contra nos? Wb. 4b11 . nír chumaing Cúchulaind ní dó, Ériu i 124.19 . ní chumgabat renna ní duit cannot harm thee, BColm. 68.24 . ni ra chumhcaisetsom ni do feruibh Mumhan, BLism. 173ra15 . gion gur cuimhgettar ní dóibh, AFM v 1544.y . nochar cuimhghetor ní dhe (: teine) could make no impression on him, Duan. F. i 41.55 . Note also: nír comdaighdur enrét dó, Fier. 195 .

8 With inf. pron.: ni choimnactar `they could not do it', Ml. 19c5 . ní cach óen condric samlaid who can do it like that, LU 5165 (TBC). ar do-triallais co menic, ┐ ni-t-coemnacair, PH 1758 . día notcaomhsoinn if I could do so, BS 46.26 .

9 With other pronominal objects: amal ni cuimsin . . . a n-asberinn, Wb. 17b1 . cia salmscribdid conicfed són, Ml. 14a6 . di neuch con-icub as far as in me lies (gl. ego reddam), Wb. 32a20 (cf. TBC-I¹ 3529 ). an condníis d'ulc, SR 1874 .

10 With follg. vn.: nad choimnactar cathugud `who were unable to fight', Ml. 66d6 . nad coimnacuir Dia tabairt uisci doib, 97d4 . connā cumaiṅg nech dīb cobair araile, Corp. Gen. 205.9 . cona coemnacair labra, Three Hom. 68.19 . nír cuimciset lúth a cos, CCath. 2099 . comhroinn ar chrích do chumhuing could share out, O'R. Poems 2498 . ní cuimge anadh sunn, Aisl. Tond. 119.4 .

11 With possess. and vn.: conna cumgat a n-íc, Ml. 76a19 . ni cumangar a rím, LU 6518 . nir-cumaing a certugud could not be steadied (of a horse), TTebe 2359 . co nicfaitis a tairmeasc `who could have prevented it', Laws iii 252.15 Comm. coniscumhaing mu Rīgh rān / mu beith etc., ZCP vi 260.17 . ní ro cuimgedh a dénamh, CCath. 1798 . ní caoemsadh a faisneis ina facaidh . . . ann, Aisl. Tond. 108.17 .

12 With noun and indirect obj.: hore con-icc dígail forib for he can punish you (gl. propter iram), Wb. 6a17 (see Bergin, ZCP xvii 223 ). nád cóimnacaid brithemnact forsin cin-sa, 9b10 . condn-icim-se duit maidm reut I can promise you victory, Corp. Gen. 149.2 . fear con-icc suidi ┐ ligi ┐ biad do chách (a `rechtaire'), BDD² 799 . nír chumaing rí a mian don mnaei no king was acceptable to her, IGT Verbs ex. 468 . nír' caomain a cosa ó talmain was rooted to the spot, Aisl. Tond. 107.15 .

13 With accus. + do + vn.: ní cumcat idail ní donaib adamraib sin do denum idols cannot perform any of these wonders, Ml. 60b6 . ni fail . . . / nech conní a cetmad d'aisneis, SR 652 . ni cumgi-so(m) . . . a beō nach óe do breith, TBC-I¹ 685 . ní chumgaitis uili a delg do béim assa brut-som, LL 8398 (TBC). na caemnacar cach ni dib d'anocal, Laws v 156.19 Comm. ní cumhang lucht an lis-sin / a bhfulung d'olc d'innisin, DDána 29.33 .

14 Similarly in rel. constr.: nad chumaing nach nduil do imgabail from which no creature is exempt, LU 2515 . lócrand . . . nad chumgaitís suili doíni déicsin, 6556 . ar daigh gach neich cotnicfad do lesugud `every one whom he could benefit', CCath. 1182 . in galur(,) nách cumaicc do legius which he cannot cure, PH 4222 .

15 Hence with pass.: trenailce . . . na cuimgidthur do cumscudugh which cannot be moved, O'D. 15 ( H 3.17, 15 ). nech . . . nád cumangar do aidbriud, Ériu ii 208 § 27 . ná ro cuimgedh danacal, AFM vi 1964.z . ? co cumangar du gach dialt (`that there may be power to every syllable'), Auraic. 1234 .

con-úala

Cite this: eDIL s.v. con-úala or dil.ie/12385

 

v (* com-uss-lu-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 572 ; see Meyer, Wortk. 183 ; Shaw, Studies 1962, 260-2 ). Intrans. ascends, goes up : conrúalae / co C., Fél. Nov. 21 . for nem a conrūalae `what has gone to heaven', Ep. 25 . conrúalai co aingliu, July 12 = conruale .i. ro ela, O'Dav. 450 . intan conhúalai P., Thes. ii 320.7 . in tan conruloi a curp, LU 2248 (FA). co Caiscc Choimded con-úalai (con-uali, -ualla, -uaille v.ll.) `who ascended', Ériu iii 102 § 31 . don debaid con rúali `to the contest he journeyed', Arch. Hib. ii 55 § 17 = AFM i 508.11 .

Trans. cia conualaindse mo charpat, TBC-I¹ 3524 = condrualaindsea . . . a charpat `mount', TBC-LL² 4673 . ix ngaetha conidnualat asa suan `arouse(?) it', Ériu ii 112 § 33 . inṁbreis / conrúala insluag, SR 5970 `the noise that the host raised(?)', VSR 60 . in crábud gairit . . . / is demon conidrúalae (conidruala, v.l.), Ériu i 194.2 . trínóit hi seilbh / siächt cobluth caoin conúalath, ZCP viii 197.17 . deilm conualai tuaith, Laws ii 122.5 Comm.

? ruhic huili crist cumachtach conhuala arruala ronmora m̄c dé, IT iii 51.x .

cúachán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cúachán or dil.ie/13306

 

n o, m. (cúach, see cuäch) cup, bowl, basin, vessel : a chūachāin `o little bowl', Ériu i 46.12 = RC xxvi 374.30 . miodh cuill,/ a cuachán cruinn cheithre ccearn, Atlantis iv 140.14 . beagán bláthaighe a g-cuachán cam `cup', Tribes of Irel. 62.6 .

In Aisl. MC container or measure for oats or porridge: cūachān (.i. corcca) do médgusci na heclaise, MacCongl. 15.1 . cüachān corca Corccraige `oaten ration', 17.5 , 6 . beror cüachān corcu doib, 115.14 . ? mīach cūachān . . . ┐ míach minaráin `a bushel of oats', 45.10 .

Dartaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Dartaid or dil.ie/14702

 

Forms: Dart, Dartada, Darta, Dairte, Dairthe, Dartuid, Dairt, Darta

i, npr. f.

I Daughter of Regamain. nom. Dart, TBD § 16 (twice). gen. Dartada; syncopated: Darta TBD § 14 , § 16 Eg. Dairte, ib. § 16 YBL. Dairthe, § 14 YBL. dat. Dartuid, TBD § 9 Eg. Dairt, ib. YBL. The ā-inflexion in the YBL-version of TBD is based on the syncopated g s. Darta. táin bó Dartada LU. YBL. Eg. IT ii 188 sq. dia tucsat...táin bó Dartada ingine Regamna a Mumain, Dinds. § 61 . do breith Dartada, TBD § 11 . gu ránicc tech nDarta, ib. § 14 Eg. (nDairthe YBL.)

II The eponymous ancestor of Dartrige, cf. moccu Dartado: Molasse m. h. Dartada, LL 368 a 20 . Rawl. 90 d 28 . Molaisi mc. h. Dartada, BB 227 e 17 . Cuimmin mac Lugdach Insi mac ua Dartadha, Mart. Don. May 21 .

LOC. Clúain Dartada, Rawl. 92 a 15 . 127 a 12 . Aedán ó C. D., Gorm. Feb. 12 ; v. Hog. Onom. 261 . Imlech nDarta: I. nDairte, TBD § 16 . Cf. dartaid.

Delbraid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Delbraid or dil.ie/15349

 

n.pr. m. gen. tri meic Ḟir Diad m̅c̅ Delbraid m̅c̅ Dairi, Lec. 449a25 .

draigen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. draigen or dil.ie/18563

 

Forms: draigne, droighen, droighin, draigean, Dérdroigen

n o in sg., n p. freq. draigne (orig. n. ?). droighen m., IGT Decl. § 53 . blackthorn, sloe (prunus spinosa); fruit of the sloe: droighin gl. prunus, Ir. Gl. 559 . nigra spina .i. droighean talman, ACL i 336.92 . pruna .i. airni draigin, Thes. ii 360 (Philarg.). d.¤ gl. pirus, Sg. 61b4 . droighen .i. tróg-aon .i. aon is trōgmaire do c[h]randuib ar imad a delg, Corm. Y 474 . blāithidir scotha, gairbidir d.¤ , ZCP ix 452.29 . cona matan matluirge fadbuide draigin, FB § 37 (Eg.). trí cóicait maglorg ndraigin, BDD § 60 . targad dó aball . . . ┐ droigean, MR 130.12 . d.¤ dúr | fid nach loiscenn saer, SG 245.22 . áirne dubdroigin, 102.5 . int ethar draighin `the wicker boat', 25.33 . clíatha draigin is derg-scíach, Metr. Dinds. iii 316 . craeb droighen cona hairnib, Dinds. 21 ( RC xv 319 ). i mmedón muine draigin, LL 283b39 . rocuirthea a teinidh droigin he, IT iii 190 § 17 . i tinid draigni, Laws v 472 n. (Of a fence) cír draigain fair, iv 112.15 . draigean (one of the`fogla feadha', i.e. shrubs), 146.26 . bláth droigin duibh, ZCP vi 269 § 13 . do ghlac sé droighion an nfásaigh ┐ driséoga thorns of the wilderness, Judges viii 16 . fásfuidh an crann giumhuis a náit an droighin, Isaiah lv 13 . an spéice deilgneach droighin, PCT 1026 . droigin duind `dusky blackthorn', K. and H. 19 . draigin drissi delgnacha, Ériu vii 2.16 . dreasa is droighin gut rébadh, BS 48.12 . droigni is drisi romc[h]oirb, 108.19 . ní cara damh na droidhne, KMMisc. 352 § 7 . cogur daill dar draigni, IT iii 77.23 . a ndrisi ┐ a ndraigne do beim dib, Laws i 128.8 Comm. bíd droighne . . . a slighe an anduine, Proverbs xxii 5 . atáid ar n-a múchadh mar theine na ndroighean, Psalms cxviii 12 . meas dub a draignib, YBL 118 marg. inf. bachal . . . foracbadh isna draighnibh, AU 840 .

As n.pr. m. Dub Draigen, LL 205a2 . mac Draigin, Rawl. 151b52 . Macc Ercae macc Draigin, Trip.² 1609 . meicc Draigin, Gorm. Apr. 15 . In name of a metre: mesce Draigin m̅c̅ Dorndorbiedh, IT iii 104.6 . In n.pr. f. Dér ┐ Droigen (leg. Dérdroigen) máthair dá mac Mogaruith, SG ii 467.6 . In n.loc. Inis D.¤ , Hog. Onom.

Cf. murdraigen.

éccertach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. éccertach or dil.ie/19401

 

o-ā unjust ; as npr. : Egcertach mac Anchertaigh, Anecd. ii 49 . Ecertach ota I. mc Eicertaich, Rawl. 153a14 . dá mhac Ecceartaigh, AFM ii 814.6 . In surname : Maol Dúin Ua hEiccertaigh, 856.14 .

eólachair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. eólachair or dil.ie/20157
Last Revised: 2013

 

ind : Eochu Ēolochair (Eolechair, v.l.), Corp. Gen. 276 (Rawl. 156 b 52) . Eochu Eolachair mc. Fedaig, AI 29 § 198 .

? estrach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? estrach or dil.ie/20612
Last Revised: 2013

 

ind : ruhic huili crist cumachtach conhuala arruala ronmora m̅c dé diamotraig estrach ciatasa cotiasa, IT iii.1 51.28 .

2 fotha

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 fotha or dil.ie/24156

 

Forms: fotha, fothu

n (same word as 1 fotha ?) charge, feed, full (of a mill, vessel, etc.) ; ration, complement (of food). Here O'Curry (MS Gloss. in RIA) would put intan dorat [Colum Cille] in cét-fota (-ḟoda v.l. LB) isin mulenn, Lib. Hymn. i 63 (Praef. Altus Prosator). ba do géscaib ... f.¤ muilind Mail odrain, Hib. Min. p. 71 (= Fél. 134.17 , AFM 647 , AU 650 ; foda, RC xvii 191 . cf. muilenn Cilli C. ... ni meil nach fota [added above] ingaidi, BB 257a37 (Todd. Todd Nenn. 216 = arbur gaide, H 3.17, c. 727.7 ). xl damh dia fothu, IT 109.2 (= Sc.M² p. 22 ; of Mac Dá thó's pig, cf. `lx gamnach dia biathad' in preceding stanza). .vii. mc ochta cona f.¤ d'iasc ┐ di ēnaib ... complement IT ii 173.8 ( YBL 114b15 ). in cauradmir cona fodaí [fotha, Voss. ; leg. fothu, Thurn l.c. ScM. p. 26 ] di lind, LU 9166 ( FB 90 ). Some of the foregoing may be fig. uses of 1 fotha (a). Transf. of tribute or dues : conid he sin f.¤ Finnchua a Connachtaib `F.'s feed' Lism. L. 3155 (cf. fothad, c). lestar aile tria ḟ.¤ | a medon in morsrotha for its supply' [for a reason ?] ZCP viii 266 § 35 .

See fothad.

2 lon

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 lon or dil.ie/30626
Last Revised: 2019

 

n o, m. in phrr. l.¤ craís, l.¤ int ṡáith. Poss. same word as 1 lon. See Celtic Language, Celtic Culture 158, 161 , Celtica xx 56 n. 13 . `demon' Meyer, Aisl. MC: do díchor in luin crāeis bói i mbrāgait Cathail, MacCongl. 3.8 . Sattan (.i. l.¤ crāis bōi ina brāgait) no meled a chuit laiss, cf. crāes-l.¤ , 103.5 . in cori bói imm chend in luin, 24 . conid hī sáith mōr dēdenach do-thomail Cathal īarsan lun int sháith sin `because of the demon', 107.19 . téidm cróeis ┐ ginaig dochumm a chota ... lon craís didiu boí ann, . . . ┐ níba sáithech-som beos, Ev.Inf. (LB) 417 § 143 . d'ionnarb [Colum Cille] an lon craois as a chliabh, Ó Bruad. i 106.22 (lón, v.l.).

1 mac, macc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 mac, macc or dil.ie/31166
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: macc, mac, maicc, meicc, meic, mec, mic, mic, meic, meic, mic, macc, maic, maic, meicc, meic, mec, mic, mic, maccu, macu, macca, macc, maccu, macu, mhaca, mac, maccu, mic, Macniadh, Mág, Méig

n o, m., Generally written in MSS. with contraction m̅c̅ in all forms; when written out, the double consonant is usual in O.Ir., but it is sometimes written single when final, rarely when medial. n s. macc, Wb. 1d9 , 6d6 , 13b29 , 13d10 , Ml. 25b5 . mac, Wb. 13d11 , 32c15 . g s. maicc, Wb. 13b30 , Ml. 17c3 , 7 ; meicc, TBC-LL¹ 801 , 863 , 913 (usual O.Ir. and early Mid.Ir. form). meic, Laws ii 162.13 , TBC-LL¹ 847. mec, IT i 107.2 (H.). mic (later Mid.Ir. and Mod.Ir.); in IGT Dec. ex. 702 `mic' is said to be incorrect, the correct form being `meic'. v s. a meic! Acall. 2933. a mic!, SCC 26 , 29 . n du. da macc , Wb. 4c12 , Ml. 26b14 . n p. (O. and early Mid.Ir.) maicc, Wb. 4c6 , 9a13 . maic, 21b2 , 30b14 . in maic , BDD 9. meicc, Hy. ii 37 ; TBC-LL¹ 6198. meic, 1372 . mec, PH 3770 , 5595 , etc. tri mic , IT i 121.1 (= maic LU); Laws ii 66.15 . Mod. mic. a p. maccu, Wb. 11a30 , 19c15 , 33a15 , Ml. 33c16 ; Hy. i 29. macu, Laws iii 398.7 . macca, Hib. Min. 4.118 . g p. macc, Wb. 23a9 ; Ml. 34c7 . v p. a maccu ! TBC-LL¹ 906. a macu ! ZCP xi 44 § 60. a mhaca ! ib. § 54 . mac, IGT Dec. § 15.

I A son: in Glosses = Lat. filius. gl. filius, Ir. Gl. 407 , natus 408 .

(a) in strict sense: amal ṅguidess athir a macc, Wb. 24d19 . adim-maicc mihi et am athir-se uobis ye are sons, 9a13 . athair ┐ mac ┐ ua, Laws i 238.8 . batar oc Saul mac Ciss . . . cethri meic . . . tri ingena, SR 6517. macc int ṡaír son of the wright, Fél. Aug. 14. ro tuisim Noi tri maccu, MacCarthy 286b . teora meic ag Noi, ib. ná caoin inghean, ná caoin mac, Keat. Poems 599. mac athar do Mag Uidhir M.'s half-brother on the father's side, AFM iv 966.13 . mac mathar som do Chiaran uterine brother, ZCP viii 315.4 . mac sethar a sister's son, TBC-I¹ 530. nochon ḟidir mac duine no son of man (i.e. no mortal), ZCP vii 303 § 9. ni muirbithir m.¤ mna lium, PH 400. trí fichid míle mac máthar mother's sons (i.e. men), Hackett xl 112 . Preced. by adj.: ardmac rig, ro-mac Nesa, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 28.13 = Laws iv 346. degmac Domnaill, SR 2376. drochmac Iesse, 6138 . Abel mormac Adaim, Mart. Don. 22. ríg-mac, ACC § 111. Esp. used in apposition to npr.m., folld. by gen. of father's name: co Duid m.¤ nIesse, SR 2318. rigdal itir Donnchad m.¤ nDomnaill ┐ Fiachnae m.¤ nAedho, AU 783. Rarely with mother's name: Conchobar m.¤ Nessa, Fergus m.¤ Róich, Ailill m.¤ Mata, Muirchertach m.¤ Erca. Folld. by DO instead of gen.: Ailill mac mic d'Ollomain, MacCarthy 168.8 . Othalinus . . . ba m.¤ don Otha hermor, SR 2366.

In relig. lit. of Christ, the Son (as distinct from the Father), oftenabsol. and without art.: m.¤ ¤ na deachte, Wb. 32c15 . is macc míastar in die iudici it is the Son who will judge, 1d9 . asberat . . . as laigiu deacht maicc indaas deacht athar, Ml. 17c7 , cf. 24d23 . i n-oentaid na trinoti, athar ┐ meic ┐ spiruta noim, PH 1445. Also called mac Maire, Hy. i 1. SR 8145. m.¤ na hOge ebraide, 8277 . m.¤ in duine the Son of man, PH 2272 , 3070 , 3157 . m.¤ duine, 5041 .

Folld. by a gen. or adj. in various semi-technical and legal expressions: atait tri mic beoathar la Fene .i. mac huar ┐ m.¤ De ┐ m.¤ ailte, ZCP xiii 23.10 . mac De, mac som bis i tesgaire a athar ina timaircnib techtaib; co na comidethar cos nā lam, ib. 16 . m.¤ cétmuintire son of a spouse, legitimate son : atáit .ii. ara-randat orba fri mac cētmuinntire, CIH v 1547.6 . mac ōighe .i. mac cētmuindtire, CIH iv 1296.33 . is dīles do mac na cētmuinntiri in cinniu[d]-sin, CIH v 1547.26 . mac cope .i. donither re mac caille (leg. maccaillig?) son of a nun (?), O'Dav. 415. m.¤ doirche (.i. in m.¤ donither i ndorcaidetu) a son begotten in secrecy (?), Laws v 452.16 . m.¤ foesma `son of protection' (an adoptive son), see fóesam. m.¤ gor a son who supports his father, Laws iii 56.20 , opp. to m.¤ ingor, ib. 30 . See also 2 gor. m.¤ muini a bastard , see 1 muine. mic mhuinntire (= filii familias), TSh. 5120. m.¤ óg a celibate : Mel Bre(n)ind Ua Ronain, ardepscop iarthar Herend, in mc. og 'eminent bishop of the west of Ireland, the celibate', AI 296 (s.a. 1161.4) . mc. og ┐ uasalshacart 'a celibate and noble priest', AI 324 (s.a. 1197.5) . See also m.¤ óige s.v. III (b). m.¤ óige = m.¤ cétmuintire: mac ōighe .i. mac cētmuindtire, CIH iv 1296.33 . mac óigh trā is ē-side fo-coisle orba .i. foxlas seilb .... mac óighe .i. cētmuindter, CIH v 1547.3 . m.¤ sanaise a son not acknowledged by his father, opp. to m.¤ súla an acknowledged son, see Laws iii 542.7 , O'Dav. 1044 , 1245 . m.¤ scrīne .i. m.¤ so rinne re coibdelaig ina richt fein a son begotten in incest (?), H 3.18, 227a ( O'Curry 413 ). m.¤ soirche a legitimate or acknowledged son (?), O'Dav. 95.

Rarely of the young of animals: macc bó a bullock , CRR 4. damh . . . .i. m.¤ bó, BNnÉ 122 § 61.

In compos. with ban-, a daughter: feadair ferinnsce for baninnsce intan asberar: is e in banmhac sa, Auraic. 531.

(b) in looser sense a male descendant; esp. in pl. folld. by gen. of ancestor to denote a tribe or people (not a native usage, the words maicne, maccu and being used by Irish tribes): ar maccaib Israhel, Wb. 11a28 . soirad mac nIsrahel, Ml. 53d1 . meic Israhel, SR 5475. fri claind mac nIsrahél, 3710 . ic maccaib Israel, PH 5071. meicc Emir meicc Erimon, Hy. ii 37. Cf. also: Iohain már macc ṅErenn of Erin's sons, Fél. Sept. 26. eter gelmaccaib Gaedel, Ériu iv 96 § 7 ( LL 33b45 ). m.¤ Goill (i.e. one of English descent), AU iii 506.

II A boy and sometimes loosely a young person in general: sainreth do maccaib a pélogud particular to boys (gl. puerorum), Sg. 45b6 . i tabairt mic for muin i tech carrying a boy, Laws i 174.32 . urcor flescaig is eside macc bundsaighe (.i. mac diubraices in mbunsaig), iv 134.16 , 140.1 . biit tri choecaid macc and oca cluithi, TBC-I¹ 368. maic becca doairchellat cethra, Ériu ii 206 § 26. do fhuil mac mbec, PH 382. cen mna cen maccu not counting women or children, SR 4031. ra batar mnaa ┐ meicc ┐ mindoene ac coíniud, TBC-LL¹ 6198. cu ra ainitis uli feraib maccaib mnaib, PH 6309. idir mhaca mnaoi is fir, Keat. Poems 614. eter maccaib beccaib (alluding to girls), IT i 131.26 . Occasionally of youths or grown persons: ruri anacht tri maccu a surnn tened (i.e. the three Holy Children). Hy. i. 29 , cf. Fél. Ap. 28 , Ep. 507. rí roshicc . . . forsin tsét na dá mac dall, SR 7682. atchondairc-si . . . cruth ┐ comdelb . . . cech meic ┐ cach miled, LL 221a7 . cethrur ingen Dubthaig dil, | cethri maic dóibsium demnig (i.e. lovers), Metr. Dinds. iii 72.

III Folld. by gen. in various fig. and technical expressions:

(a) denoting calling or function: m.¤ eclaise ` son of (the) church', a churchman, cleric: oen m.¤ [ec]ulsa forarsaidh . . . ic cantain a urnuighthe, RC xiv 58 § 72. tri maic ecalsa do muintir na cleirech, Acall. 2888. co tri cetaib sacart ┐ co tri milibh mac n-ecalsa, AU ii 86.2 . clier ┐ meic eguilsi in baile, Fl. Earls 34.24 . AFM vi 1924.22 . m.¤ foglama a student: felmac . . . .i. m.¤ foghlamæ, O'Mulc. 512. oráit annso dona macaib fogluma, Ériu ii 224.11 . m.¤ léginn a (clerical) student , O'Mulc. 688. m.¤ legind, Lat. Lives 82 (= scolaige ib.). i(c) macc leginn i nArdmacha, RC xx 176. Possibly also the expression m.¤ airbe (name for a `macfuirmid'?), see Laws iv 360.6 and muc(c)airbe below.

(b) fig. and alleg.: ce notad maic-si raith sons of grace , Wb. 33b8 . maicc tairngiri sons of (the) promise , 4c6 . guide cech maicc lére `of every son of piety', Fél. Ep. 428. macc umalóti ┐ erlatad buide do Dia, PH 4204. mac aptha = mac báis: bát úaiti meic aptha (mic bháis, v.l.) na cille so 'the lost souls of your cemetery shall be few', Beatha Bharra 64.128 . m.¤ báis `a son of death', a wicked man , opp. to m.¤ bethad `a son of life', a righteous man (often of a professed religious) : tairbirid illatu pían n-ecsamail dona maccaib bais, FA 1. eccraibdech ┐ macc báis, Trip. 220.15 . a meic in báis!, PH 2426. m.¤ bethad, Trip. 84.20 ( .i. cin pecath, ACL iii 37 ). sochuidhi do macuibh bethad, etir apstala ┐ desciplu, Lism. L. 3938. tigherna . . . mhórtha mhac mbethadh ┐ riagtha mhac mbáis, AFM vi 2296. mainistir . . . i mbáttar meic bhethadh d'ord S. Fronséis, 2218.7 . m.¤ ceanta .i. m.¤ échta, O'Cl. (`a son of achievement' P. O'C. ). m.¤ mallachtan `son of a curse' = m.¤ báis: comtinól na mac mallachtan, FA 1. comaittreb . . . ina mac mallachtan (of Hell), PH 4332. dosbera na maccu mallachtu . . . isin tenid suthain, 7285 . do macaibh mallacht ┐ do lucht dénma uilc, AFM iii 286.25 . m.¤ meda `son of mead', a heavy drinker , Anecd. ii 35 § 8. m.¤ míraith a graceless person (?), Acall. 1884 (`son of mishap' O'Gr.). m.¤ ochta `bosom-son', a favourite, darling: sacart ┐ m.¤ ochta rig nime, Acall. 2462. rob m.¤ ochta aireachta cach mac buan dod bhroind-ḟine, Leb. Cert. 194. See also (c) below.

m.¤ óige a celibate : uasal-easpoc Erenn ┐ an m.¤ oighe, RC xviii 52.4 (Tig.). comharba Colaim Cille, ┐ Adhamhnáin, saoi, ┐ epscop, ┐ mac oicce, AFM ii 762.6 . Oengus mc. Cathain, in t-epscop ┐ in mc. óge 'the bishop and the celibate', AI 202 (s.a. 1036.6). See also m.¤ óg.

m.¤ uilc an evildoer: meic uilc ní thiset n-ar ndáil, LL 308b1 = SG 389.18 . m.¤ na tráth `son of the canonical hours' (of a cleric), Acall. 4614 , 6769 .

(c) of things or animals: m.¤ alla `son of a cliff', echo: co cuala sum . . . guth in meic alla aca ḟrecra asin charraic, LL 165b30 . ro bai a m.¤ alla isna trachtaibh re med a muirni, Aen. 992. ro lin m.¤ alla na gairi sin mothra ┐ caillti, CCath. 5624. ro baoi m.¤ alla gheimi an drúith sin aieor, RC xxiv n. 2 . AFM vi 2130.11 . As name of a drinking-horn , Acall. 133.

m.¤ bronn a species of metrical composition: aircetal aire dna ataait .x. fodla fair-side .i. m.¤ bronn, etc., BB 299a25 .

m.¤ formuin (? for 1 muin) apparently name of some joint or portion of meat allotted to certain ranks in the Tech Midchuarta at Tara: LL 29b19 , 35 and diagram = YBL 419b3 (where the reading of facs. appears to be m̅c̅ armuin), 13 and diagram (in all cases with contraction); mac formuin, H 3.18, p. 362b ( O'Curry 771 ). Petrie's Tara 175 fg. expands as `muc formuin' and translates pig's shoulder , comparing 1 formna.

m.¤ greche .i. eitne cnó a kernel , Ériu ii 5.10 (Amra Conroí).

m.¤ imblissen pupil (of the eye): amal in macc n-imblissen (gl. ut pupillam), Ml. 39c3 . dona maccu imlesaib (gl. pupillis), Gild. Lor. 118. m.¤ imresan (gl. pupilla), Ir. Gl. 80. is he tene na súla in m.¤ imlesen, SCC 17. tri maic imlissen cechtar a dá súla, TBC-I¹ 35. oensúil . . . ┐ tri maic imlessen inte, BDD 44. méit mac imlesan duine, Ériu ii 134 § 115. teit radarc . . . on incind cu mic imrisan na sul, ITS xiv 54.

m.¤ ochta name of a joint or portion of meat?, heart (?) (or read mucca ochta 'suckling pigs', Loinges mac nDuíl Dermait 65 ). ba si airigid ban Ulad . . . .i. secht ndaim ┐ secht tuirc ┐ secht ndabcha . . . ┐ secht nglaininí ┐ secht m̅c̅ ochta, IT ii1 173 (perhaps a vessel or measure).

m.¤ óe liver: in macc hoe tredluighthe (gl. trifidium iecur), Gild. Lor. 213.

m.¤ snáma `son of swimming' (kenning for some large fish or sea-monster?), Corm. Y 948.

m.¤ tíre `son of (the) country', wolf: Eg. Gl. 313. BDD 66. im macu tiri, Laws i 160.2 Comm. sod maic tire female wolf, TBC-I¹ 1720. pl. mic thíri, BS 76.3 . (mod.) na meictíreadha ag inghréim an tréuda, Hard. ii 310. (fig.) gach uile Eagluis do chaomhna ó chundtabhartaibh na macdtire, Carswell 77.

With adj.: m.¤ salach `dirty lad', a toad , gl. bufo, Thes. ii 235.8 (reading doubtful).

m.¤ ar muin name of a defect in prosody , IGT Introd. § 2.

IV Folld. by a gen. or adj. mac is often used to form masc. proper names, or sobriquets. Exx. from lit.: Mac Brocc, Cóir Anm. 45. Mac Caille, Hy. v 15. m.¤ Cécht (son of power? of the plough?), one of the Tuathan Kings; cf. Macc Cecht (name of a smith), Trip. 250.24 . m.¤ Cuill (s. of hazel?), a Tuathan king, cf. Trip. 220.15 . Lugaid Mac Con, Cóir Anm. 61.71 . Lugaid Mac tri con, IT i 108.2 . Mac Dā Recht, ZCP xiii 356.7 . Mac Dá Thó (s. of the two mutes), IT i 96 (= Med. and Mod. Ir. Ser. vi 1 , and see Preface, p. i ). Mac in Daimh, Imr. Brain i 61. Bec mac Dé in fáid, LL 371b17 . LB 260b12 . Mac Gréine, a Tuathan king. Mac ind Óc (`s. of the two Young Ones', Stokes, RC xxvi 60 ), sobriquet of Óengus mac in Dagda, also called Mac Óc, IT i 132.13 : in mac Óc, ib. 7 . Macc Tāil (`son of adze'), Trip. 250.25 .

With adj. m.¤ Riabhach, m.¤ Solas (names of drinking-horns), AFM iii 110.2 ; 34.7 . AU ii 188.

From history: m.¤ na haidhche, AU ii 72.2 ; 134.19 ; cf. mac(h) na hoidhche (gl. Thitheus), Ir. Gl. 546. Macbeathadh, AU 1014 , 1041 . Macētigh (< étig ugly?), 936 ; Macēitigh, 950 ; mac Mic Etigh, 896 . Maclēighinn, 988 . Mac Líag ardollamh Erend (s. of a leech), 1016 . Mac Lochlainn (s. of a Dane), 1051 . Maccnia, 701 ; Macnio, 708 ; g s. Macniadh , 751 . Cf. Mac Niad (.i. Mac Con), Cóir Anm. 220. Macoac (= m.¤ óc?), AU 787. Macoigi, 801 ; Maccoigi, 874 ; dormitatio Maccoiged, 752 (cf. mac óige III b above). Macoirbb, 809 . Mac Oncon, 729 (see onchú). Macriaghoil, 821 . Mac ind shaer (s. of the wright), 766 . m.¤ na cerda (sobriquet), 874 .

After the introduction of surnames (10th-11th cent.), mac folld. by gen. n.pr. m. becomes a common form of surname and often changes to Mág (gen. Méig); the usage is extended to foreign names. Flaithbertach Mag Uidhir, AU ii 442.2 (an. 1327 ). Cormac Mag Coscraidh, AU iii 430.24 . Cormac óg m.¤ C. m.¤ T. Meg Ca, AU iii 428.3 . mac Airt Meg Uidhir, iii 10.9 (1383) . Raghnall mac Mic Raghnaill, ii 196.8 (1179) . do clainn Raghnaill Meg Raghnaill, iii 12.20 (1384) .

COMPDS. Forms less or more stable compds. with a follg. subst., generally with sense youthful, pertaining to a boy or child . ¤bachall f. a boy's staff: macb. a ainm . . . ar bith na [leg. a = i?] laim na macæim, BColm. 46.10 . a s. macbachaill, ib. 3 . ¤brat m., in pl. child's clothes, swaddling-clothes: ba fóglainntid . . . he asa macbrataib ┐ asa naidendacht, Alex. 810. an tan robuí ina mhacbhrataibh, Hugh Roe fo. 15 a . asa aóididh ┐ asa mhacbrataibh (sic leg.), fo. 73 a . ¤brethaid son-bearer: v s. a macbrethaig glórdai (of the Virgin Mary), Ir. Lit. 48 = LB 74a53 (see Ériu 9.85 , footnote 2). ¤cerd f. youthful art: pl. maccerdda Conculaind, TBC-I¹ 732. ¤cless m. juvenile feat: do mebhraighis do mhacchleasa, MR 302.5 . ¤comlond m.: ba handsa . . . frithalum a mha[c]comlaind, Aen. 2570. ¤dalta m. a young fosterling: caeca macdalta, IT ii2 192 . ¤daltus m.: co m. do chill i forcanar `son-fosterage to the church in which he is taught', O'Dav. 956. ¤dán m.: caraid . . . a maccdán, Thes. ii 293 ( SP ii 4 ); 'youthful art' CMCS lvii 3 § 2 . ¤díre `boy-fine', fine or honour-price payable in case of a boy? cia luigium hi maicdirib? (.i. cia mac is lugu eneclann), H 2.15A p. 17b ( O'D. 1017 ). ¤dond m. a youthful chief? Níall menmnach m., Ériu iv 110 § 72 a . ¤drettel m. a young favourite: Fráech . . . macdreittel ríg Síde ṅHerend, LL 250b36 = TBFr. 262 ( Med. and Mod. Ir. Ser. v ). a macdrettil Emna!, FB 11. ¤drúth m. an idiot boy: m. .i. a cinn a .vii. mbliadan, H 3.17 c. 265 ( O'D. 344 ). ¤fine sons of a family: mār maccḟine aīn-rīg, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 17 § 2 ( Rawl. 124a = marfine, LL 387a17 ). ¤firt f. a miracle performed in boyhood: do macfertuibh inni noem-Patraic, Lism. L. 132. i soscéla na mac[ḟ]erta the Gospel of the Infancy, LB 139b8 . See V. SS. Hib. vol. i p. xxxiv . ¤flaith a youthful chief: Mál in mac[ḟ]laith, Acall. 2503. do mhacḟlaith Mumhan, Leb. Cert. 36.1 . ¤gním a boy's deed, exploit: da mbetis na gníma óclachais aice feib atát na macgníma, TBC-LL¹ 984. 1388 . indister a macgnimaib Samsoin . . . iat, LB 128a18 . ¤gnímrad: pl. macgnimrada Conculaind, TBC-LL¹ 864. macgnímartha Find, RC v 195. ¤laeg m. a young calf: mac (.i. bec) laog, LL 393a45 (term of endearment?). ¤lebar m. a book copied from another: a maicleabhar Lecan Mhec Fhirbisigh sin this is from a copy of the Book of L., Todd Nenn. p. ciii . leis gach leabhar a mhaicleabhar, Keat. iii 1395. pl. micleabhair, 484 . ¤lenb a boy-child: fad'mhaicleanb, A. Ó Dálaigh xix 12. ¤lendán a sweetheart: is é ba maclendan don ingin, RC vi 175.50 . maicleannan (of a woman), CF 244. ¤léine a boy's tunic: coeca maclene, IT ii2 191 . ¤naidm n. a bond entered into by children: rucus imdilsi eter macnadmann, ZCP xv 332 § 24. ¤noídiu a male infant, a young son: noídiu [maccnaídiu, Eg.] Conaire maic Etersceoli, BDD 106. ¤ogam .i. ogam ban torrach (a species of Ogham), Auraic. 5774. ¤slicht: in pl. macslechta sections in the laws dealing with the various classes of sons: bretha for maicslechta .i. . . . for sloinntib no for aisneithe mac, Eg. 88, fo. 16d ( O'Curry 2231 ). bretha for macslechtaib, H 4.22, p. 26 ( O'Curry 1993 ). ¤thairngertaid m. a boy who was promised: mactharṅgertaid Dé, SR 3077. ¤thairngertach a `promised son': an macthairngertach mórghlondach Aódh Rúadh, Hugh Roe, fo. 10 a . ¤thoísech m. a young chief: bó gach mactoisig, Fen. 92.25 . aenraghu mactaisech Erenn, AU ii 482. With adj. ¤amrae wondrous son: samlai, | a Maire, do macamrai Mary, the like of your wondrous son Blathm. 26 . ¤dall blind person: fége do roscaib macdall 'keenness to the eyes of the blind' 146 . ¤ḟind fair son: ar do macind irgabáil 'for the captivity of your beautiful son' 6 .

With npr.: menmna macc-Néill mullaig máel-Themra of young Niall, Ériu iv 98 § 28.

Other compds. treated separately.

mac(c)fuirmid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mac(c)fuirmid or dil.ie/31191

 

Forms: macfuir[m]edh, macfuirmidh

n i, m. (= mac fuirmid? the second component may be a gen.; see fuirmed) a poet of the sixth or second lowest grade in the Irish order of `filid'; his special species of composition were the `setrad' and `sainemain (senamain)'. See IT iii 112 , 116 . mucairbe .i. mac fuirmid, is mac dofuirmed a dāna (.i. no is macdan dufuirim a dāna), Corm. Y 855. macfuirmid, O'Mulc. 537. macfuir[m]edh , IT iii 97.1 ( BB 294a31 ). do macfuirmidh , Auraic. 2248. g s. mécnach m̅c̅ fuirmida, IT iii 31.16 . Called mac már, ZCP v 499 § 7. See muc(c)airbe.

maccu, moccu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. maccu, moccu or dil.ie/31187
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: moccu, mocu, maccu, macu, maccu, maccu, macu, maccu, mocui

subst. invar. See A Guide to Ogam 119-20 , Éigse xxviii 44, 50-1 . A word belonging solely to the O.Ir. period, always used in apposition to a preceding npr. (occasionally a place-name) and folld. by another npr. in gen. case. Acc. to MacNeill, Ériu iii 42 fg . the combination moccu + gen. is equivalent to ` belonging to the gens or family of', the follg. gen. being the name of the eponymous ancestor; in Adamnán's Vita Columbae it is frequently preceded by the abl. gente and possibly its use in Irish after a npr. involves an ellipse. The latest contemporary use in AU is in the year 690, the last instance in 789 ( comotatio . . . Mochuae micu [= macu] Lugedon). Latest contemporary use is in 9th century in Mart. Óeng (see Éigse xxviii 43-44 ). The oldest form may be mocu, frequent in Adamnán; maccu is usual in L Ardm., macu and maccu in AU; generally written with contraction m̅c̅. In the Mid.Ir. period the word was often changed by writers who no longer understood its exact meaning into mac uí, mac úa (common forms in Mid.Ir. MSS., see variae lectiones in Fél.) and by mod. edd. it is often printed as two words (so nearly always in AU); Marianus Scotus translates it by filius nepotis ( Todd Lect. iii 17.17 ).

Exx. from Lat. lit.: Fintenus gente mocu Moie, Adam. VC i ch. 2 ( Thes. ii 273.4 ). presbytero . . . Ernani filio gente mocu Neth Corb, ib. Lugbeus gente Mocu m.¤ , i 28 = Thes. ii 275.14 (cf. Lugbeum Mocu Min, i 15 = Thes. ii 274.20 ). Trenanum gente Mocu Runtir, i 18 ( Thes. ii 274.30 ). senex . . . gente Mocu Firroide, iii 23 . de Erco fure Mocu Druidi, i 41 . Miliuc maccu Bōin, Ardm. 9a2 ( Thes. ii 262.11 ). filium Milcon maccu Boóin, 11a1 ( Thes. ii 264.28 ). Muirchu maccu Machtheni, 20b1 ( Thes. ii 271.34 ). hi nDruim Moccu Echach, 5b2 ( Thes. ii 260.22 ). Luguid Mocu Themne, Thes. ii 281.8 . To Channu Mocu Fircetea . . . To Cummi Mocu Cein, ib. 9 , 20 . de . . . fide Dubthaich maccu Lugir, Ardm. 20a2 ( Thes. ii 271.27 ).

From Irish lit.: Dubthach maccu Lugir, Ardm. 18a1 = Trip. 344.7 ( Thes. ii 241.6 ). Cronan macu Loeghdae (sic leg.), AU 637. Dolaissi maccu Imde (sic leg.), 638 . Colman maccu Delduibh, 653 . Comgan macu Teimhne . . . Baetan maccu Cormaicc, 663 . Daircill maccu Rētai (i.e. of Dál Rétai = D. Riada), 677 . Cronan macu Chualne, 690 . Colmán maccu Béognai, Fél. Jan. 22. féil Gobbáin . . . maccu laindrech Láne, Dec. 6. Mellan Inse húasle Maccu Cuinn (Inchiquin in Lough Corrib), Feb. 7 ; cf. June 14 , Oct. 11 and 30 . do shíl moccu Crecca, Ériu iii 138.100 . do Gubrith moccu Buén, 139.134 . Mōin mocu āin Augaini 'M. aus dem Geschlecht des edlen A.', Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 7 § 4 (macco, maccu, macu, mac ua MSS.). Háonna macui Laigsie, ACL iii 1.9 . Cluain maccu Nois: gen. Cluana maccu Nois, AU 788 , 790 , 867 ; C. macu Nois, 813 ; but Cluain mic N., 547 , 548 , C. mac N., 817 ; Cluana micu N., 584 , 693 , miccu N., 834 , mic N., 598 , 870 . For other exx. in place-names see Hog. Onom. s.v. Moccu.

In Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 17 § 2 Meyer reads: mocui Chuinn . . . machta `die Nachkommen Conns sind erschlagen' as if n p.; MSS. have m̅c̅ hui, m̅c̅ hu, m̅c̅ h.

Used absolutely of a single individual? tiucfa macu dochum domhuin . . . fer tren tuachail, ZCP viii 196 § 21.

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