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airbág

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airbág or dil.ie/1605

 

ā, f. vn. of ar-báigi act of boasting, contending; boast, glorification: arnap mebul domsa mo irbag, Wb. 16d11 . biuusa oc irbáig dar far cenn si fri Maccidóndu, 16d8 . oc irbáig airib, 20a3 . irbága robatar leosom eter desciplu, 7d10 . ó Ádam, herbág ar clann the glory of our race, SR 2293 . cenn n-erbága n-Israhél, 6012 . is tú fer aurbága fil la Ultu (of Cú Chulainn), LU 8147 ( FB 11 ) (urbaga v.l., see urbaid). Perh. also fight, battle: ised lind ind Erind ain / a ferait Goeidel (leg. -il) arbaig, Anecd. i 14.8 ( SCano 465 , ` strife, battle ', Gloss.). a uirdeirg na hurbagha, Acall. 3880 (` encounter ', SG ii 202 ).

aithis

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aithis or dil.ie/2716

 

Forms: a., aithis(s)i, aithisse, athais, -scél

n f. See Vendr. Lex., Lochlann ii 214 . n a s. a.¤ , n a p. aithis(s)i, g p. aithisse, g s. (mid. Ir.) aithise. Later also athais.

(a) insult, reproach, reviling. gl. dedecus, Ml. 100b4 (opprobrium, Psalms lxxvii 66 ); contumilia, 62c15 ; calumnia, 54c11 ; opprobrium, 36a1 ; improperia, Wb. 6c29 ; conflictio, 29b10 . aithissi, Ml. 90d17 . dorat Saul athissi foir, 54c16 . trisna aithissi (trisnaithissi MS.), 110c9 . donaib ulib athisib gl. ad probra . . . omnia, 33c7 . iarna aithisib, 54c10 . figor na n-aithisse, Thes. ii 253.15 . trist do tabairt for nech nó a.¤ `to lay a curse on anyone or revile him', Mon. Tall. 141.24 (§ 36) . atrubairt-sium a.¤ móir ra Fergus, TBC-LL¹ 6136 . ail dno .i. ail leasanma lenas do neoch no athais mbrethri cidh tria cuidbius cid cen cuidbius, BB 299a13 . dobert cach dib aithisi mbriathar diaraile, D IV 2, 77va39 . ána athise `quick to revile' (of women), Tec. Corm. 30.z . a.¤ do-berar do Dhia blasphemy, ITS xxix 107.30 . ag sgeith blaismhémiodh aor ┐ aithisiodh, Desid. 4293 . athais gach aoin orra (a curse), BNnÉ 257 § 215 . aitheis oireachtais the reproach of an assembly, IGT Decl. ex. 1015 . As quasi-vn.: ag a.¤ ┐ iomcháineadh air, TSh. 473 .

(b) disgrace, ignominy: is aithiss doibsom cid anísiu .i. cen precept don aís anfiss, Wb. 13b11 . ni aírmithi ar a.¤ a mbás nisin ar asreracht, 15d12 . ar athis leusom a nintamail fria ndeu they are ashamed, Ml. 138c10 . ar aithissib dunni, 91a6 . domrosat fo baithis gil / nim reilce i n-athis n-oenḟir, Trip.² 1633 `ne me laisse en la disgrace de personne', Études Celt. iii 101 . ba ha.¤ leis a ingen do brith macc do, Rawl. 143a26 . beth fo athis he would be disgraced, LU 2932 . nar bad athis do Mend . . . dunad ┐ longphort d'ḟalmugud dó, TBC-LL¹ 4540 . nach raibhi athais na mebul do Priaim in gach ulc doronsat Grec fris, BB 422a6 . d'a.¤ as an insult, Dán Dé ii 19 .

(c) Concr. blemish, disfigurement: athais maíli fair, BDD² 1163 . d'imgabáil a hathise / ar nách acced nech a cned `to escape her blemish', Metr. Dinds. iii 30.66 . bid athis duit (of a healed wound), LL 14348 . ail ┐ anim ┐ athis, TBC-LL¹ 3020 . on ┐ ainim ┐ a.¤ , RC xxiv 278 § 15 . corab athais for do curp-su, YBL 172b50 . trí aithise . . . d'O. . . . a bheith cluaslom dó ┐ a dhéad do dhubhadh ┐ a anál do bheith bréan, Keat. ii 4399 .

COMPD. ¤-scél: aithisscél ` shameful tale ', CCath. 5580 v.l. (aitscel, text, cf. aithscél(e)?).

bét

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bét or dil.ie/5770

 

Forms: béd, -a

n u, m. béd m. g s. -a, IGT Decl. § 95.

(a) deed, us. in unfavourable sense deed of violence, crime, misdeed, injury: bēt a betula (.i. uirgo sine custodia interpretatur) .i. ōg scēlach amnārech et inde dicitur duine bētach, Corm. Y 178 (cf. petulo, petulans, petulcus ?). bet a betula (.i. virgini siue cusdos) .i. ara minci pudrae do mnāibh, O'Mulc. 144. Eōin bicc baile .i. pōic ┐ meirtrech Eoin baili .i. bet ┐ mebul, nó póc ┐ pudhair, ZCP viii 107 n.4 . béd .i. gniomh, O'Cl. co ndernasom b.¤ ( béit, TBC-I¹ 486 ) n-aile played another prank (?), LU 4975. a bēta its achievements (of Ireland), Ériu iv 162 § 26. D. cen b.¤ cen bine / fuair éc `without violence or crime', Arch. Hib. ii 85 § 37. (of a spear-cast) nocon fetur sochla set / in buaid dorignius no in bet `unlucky deed' (Vocab. SC2), LU 3861. dorigenæ atech a tigh ind ríg bet mar (i.e. broke the king's precious cup), Vita Br. 32. cia bet asrubart whatever foolish thing I (may) have said, 30 . nāch bēt (: éc; beth, MS.) dot c[h]ēill cāiniudh geōidh? is it not an offence to thy sense ? Fianaig. 42.2 . ar mbeta .i. ar pecctha, Thes. ii 351.31 (Hy. vi Comm.). riasiu tecma bet no pudar, 46 . In cheville: ro bo béad `'twas wrong', Magauran 621 .

(b) Also in passive sense misfortune, calamity, loss, sorrow: a Brigit, bennach ar sét / nachar táir b.¤ ar ar cúairt (`evil', RC xiii 116 § 161 ), LL 39211. fa b.¤ in ní dorónad lá déidhinach in chatha .i. a badadh Caeil, Acall. 833. gé dorat brón is béd di, SG 68.35 . In cheville: anba an béd, IGT Decl. ex. 1075.

Compds. bétbríathrach `hurtful in word', Cóir Anm. 263. bétblaid mbrath, SG 84.43 . beim bedgnimach bais, ZCP vi 275.12 . béd-leomhan hero , Ériu ix 4.23 . [gár] bheag a bhéad-daoire dhí (viz. to Ireland), A. Ó Dálaigh liii 4.

caratrad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. caratrad or dil.ie/8219

 

n o, [m.] later m. (1 cara).

(a) friendship; alliance : nírob mebul less mo ch.¤ friendship with me, Wb. 30a6 . in caratrid gl. amicitiae, Ml. 30d18 . c.¤ gl. familiaritas, 58b11 . intamail caratraid gl. similatione amicitiae, 61c8 . do chuinchid for caratraid, LU 3338 ( SCC 13 ). muna tucthar do ara c.¤ `through friendship', BCrólige 24 n. 4 . ro búi snaidhm caradraidh atarru ┐ Poimp bond of alliance, CCath. 1643 . do grad indmais no caradraidh gain or favour, Maund. 25 . dogníatt c.¤ annsein `covenant', BColm. 88.5 . is olc liom an caradradh so ó Ch. `ill I deem this friendship from C.', CRR² 46 . ? Cf. duine comaithech, ┐ ni c.¤ , Laws v 478.11 Comm. Gramm.: ataid focail dibh sin ┐ ní fuil caradrad ferindsgni riu acht se (= sé) do radh riu (of nouns inflected as f. with which a m. pron. is used), IGT Metr. Faults § 130 . Note also: nirbot cairdemail ┐ nirbot caratradh imoroile, Hugh Roe² 42.13 (leg. perh. -aidh here and in next ex.). no bhérdaoís a mbáire o robtar caradradh fri aroile, AFM v 1860.6 .

Of sexual alliance: commaranic caradrad irse `intercourse by tryst', Mon. Tall. 153.22 . co tarla ina caratradh, gur'bo torrach hí, Moling 5 . fri caradrad na mban ┐ na sacart, SG 48.7 . With synonyms: mallach[t] . . . a charatraid ┐ a chardessa fair, TBC-LL¹ 2162. 2176 . an muinnteardhas ┐ an caradradh, Desid. 4697 .

Folld. by prep. FRI: cid ara ndluthid c.¤ friu, Wb. 27a30 . c.¤ . . . frinn `friendship towards us', Ml. 115d5 . oenḟer coṅgeib commond ┐ c.¤ frim-sa, TBC-LL¹ 2151 . an lucht risa mbi caradradh colna dhuit, Ériu xiii 45.21 . Michel frisa raibe a charadrad, Fél. 12.4 . ro chenglattar a ccumann ┐ a ccaratradh le ceile, BNnÉ 251.19 . comhartha caradraigh Dé ris na daoinibh, Beatha S. F. 1722 . As descript. gen.: ra clóiset cuir caratraid, LL 10521 (TBC). a fer cara[d]raid fein `personal friend', Ann. Conn. 1227.2 . fa fer cumainn ┐ carattraidh dó Colaim Cille, BNnÉ 257.10 .

Also perh. friendly surroundings, circumstances : á c.¤ .i. nech bed chare do gl. quos . . . necessitudo coniunxerat, Ml. 29c16 . amal dungní nech són c.¤ du etuch dia ditin ar huacht `as a man forms a friendship for a garment', 90d3 gl. tanquam uestimento síc amicarentur (for amicirentur) creminibus.

(b) blood or marriage relationship : ba facus dino a c.¤, .i. Crist ┐ Eoin, LB 144b56 . faccus a charadrad dó . . . .i. mac a meic, Acall. 4698 . is hé ba foicsi carotrad dóa his nearest relation, TTr.² 1631 . cleamnus ┐ caradrad, TTebe 677 . do c[h]ongbáil a caradraid ┐ a clemhnasa re C., ML² 900 . ? Cf. ní féchand do chol ná do caradradh, De Contemptu 1584 .

2 cía

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 cía or dil.ie/8966
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: ce, ci, cení, ceni, cini, céa, gia, ga, cethuc, ciaso, ciarba, ciaso, cia, cesu, ceso, cinidlúith, cinid, cinith, cenid, cenid, cenutad, cenotad, cenuded, cetothóisegu, cetu, ceto, ciato, ciabaderóil, ciabaloingthech, ciafa, cid, cith, ced, ceith, ceth, cinip, cenip, cenib, cit, cinbat, cenibed, citis, cetis, ciabsa, cepu, ciabu, cíabo, ciaptar, cebtar, céptar, cíaptar, ciarpsa, cíarbu, cíarbo, cinirbo, gidh, cíasa, cidat, cesu, cīas, cíammin, gidat, ge, gé, gé, ceinip, cenip, cér, cepsi, cíamtis, cía, cíambad, ciambad, cemadh, gembo, gémadh, ciamdis, cíamtis, cenptís, ciarb, cer, gér, gér, gé, cersat, cid

conj. (a use of 1 cía, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 206 , Bergin, Ériu xii 206 . Not a use of 1 cía, Greene, Ériu xxi 92 - 3 ) In O. Ir. also ce ( GOI 34 ). Before initial vowels also ci. Neg. cení, ceni, cini ( GOI 561 ). céa, Trip.² 444 . gia, SR 2885 . ga, LL 8354 (TBC). In later lang. gé ( GOI 111 ). giodh re hucht n-innsgne ┐ molta ┐ bfocuil, ┐ gé re hucht n-oibrighthe, acht gurab cóir giodh gonta no a leithéid eile, IGT Introd. 8.1 (for giodh see infra). On gé do in past tense in class. lang. see Duan. Finn Gloss. gér chreid, Dán Dé xx 38 . gé go ttainic, Duan. F. ii 368 § 26 . In later lang. often reinforced by acht: acht gé tá, DDána 20.17 . acht ge bhadar, Stair Erc. 1471 . As a rule unstressed, cf. TD 15.28 note. But the form giodh is in list of words which may rhyme, Bard. Synt. Tr. 30.27 , the sense in available exx. being even (see infra): giodh: miodh, 39 = DDána 84.18 . As a rule leniting, GOI 561 . But not in copula forms ce-pu, cia-ptar. Isolated exx. with gemination (no ref.), GOI 145 . Not a conj. particle, and takes absol. and deut. form of vb. in O. Ir. (though it takes conj. form of pret. of copula, GOI 491 ). Cf. also: cethuc, Thes. ii 225.19 (PCr.). cé betis secht tengtha / im gin, Fél. Ep. 125 . See Mulchrone, Celtica v 143 . Occasionally folld. by rel. clause: ciararubartat biuth, Ml. 91b1 ( GOI 320 ). Cf. acht gé bhíos 'na bheathaidh, TSh. 1222 .

Somet. replaced as simple conj. by cid etc. (presum. cía + subj. pres. 3 s. of copula, see infra): ced donecmai, Mon. Tall. 146.19 . cid dognether ess usci, 143.18 . cid arfaomtar ní, 148.17 . cid fogluasa though . . . may, 152.1 . cid chodala a lórtid, 161.27 . cid ro chloí, LL 521 . gidh atá, ML 56.11 . gidh atáid, RSClára 54a . acht gidh do bhí, Eochairsg. 31.3 . acht cid bíd, Maund. 215 .

Forms with copula. Indic. pres. 2 s. ciaso, LL 344a32 = ciarba, Tec. Corm. 12.7 . 3 s. (leniting) ciasu, Wb. 11c17 . 12a5 . 19a20 . Ml. 26c4 . 26d12 . 67a4 . 67d24 . ciaso, Wb. 28c14 . Sg. 211b7 . cia so, 204a8 . cesu, Wb. 21d13 . Sg. 38a1 . 41b10 . 59a6 . 78b2 . 90a5 . 91a3 . 137b2 . 158a2 . 217b12 . ceso, 21a1 . 206a3 . With neg. cinidlúith lib, Wb. 12b9 . cinid airi, Sg. 35b13 . cinith mút, 5b4 . cenid, Ml. 42b7 . 44c26 . cenid, Sg. 181b4 . 202a5 . 2 pl. cenutad, Wb. 4a10 . cenotad, 33b8 . cenuded, Thes. i 713.25 . (archaic, GOI 485 ). 3 pl. cetothóisegu, Wb. 18d14 . cetu chummascthai, Sg. 62a2 . ceto écintecha, 203b10 . ciato chomṡruithi, Críth G. 493 . Subj. pres. 1 s. ciabaderóil, Wb. 18a7 . 2 s. ciabaloingthech, Wb. 6c9 . ciafa firián, Ml. 36a32 . 3 s. cid, cith, ced, ceith, ceth passim (see below). cinip, Wb. 11d15 . cinip . . . cenip , Ml. 59a23 . cenib, 24d22 . 3 pl. cit, Wb. 4d4 , 5 , 9a12 . 12a13 . Sg. 207b11 . cinbat, Wb. 4d6 . Subj. impf. 3 s. ce bad hé frisandénte, Wb. 9c24 . cenibed áainmsom bes foir, Ml. 23d17 . 3 pl. citis, cetis cited GOI 490 . Pret. 1 s. ciabsa .i. ge do bhí mé, O'Cl. 3 s. cepu, Wb. 2c25 . 4c35 . ciabu, Ml. 24c12 . cíabo cited GOI 491 . 3 pl. ciaptar, Ml. 98c5 . cebtar, Wb. 4a8 . céptar, Fél. Prol. 74 . cíaptar, Ep. 14 . Perf. 1 s. ciarpsa, Wb. 30a6 . 3 s. cíarbu, 13b8 . cíarbo, ibid. cinirbo, 24c22 .

Forms from later sources. Indic. pres. 1 s. gidh um, RSClára 55b . 2 s. cíasa, Trip.² 1282 . cidat, TFerbe 638 . 3 s. cesu, LU 3799 ( SCC 37 ). MacCarthy 400.6 . cīas, Sc.M² 22d . 1 pl. cíammin, BDD² 329 . 3 pl. gidat, Anecd. ii 24 § 14 . Subj. pres. 3 s. ge, ZCP viii 116.28 . gé mídhiongmhála mé, RSClára 39a . gé leor, TD 20. 13 v.l. (more correctly giodh as in text, IGT Introd. cited above). ceinip, IT iii 239.122 . cenip, MU² 905 . cér' maith dogné, MacCarthy 66.4 . ? cepsi derb `of a sooth', Arch. Hib. iv 206 § 16 . Impf. 3 s. (cíambad, cíamtis perh. from cía no bad, betis, IT i Wtb. s.v. 3 cia ; modelled on díambad, Bergin, Ériu xii 206 n.2 ): cíambad, MU² 140 . ciambad, Airne F. 89 . cemadh, CCath. 5415 . gid mad, TTebe 1011 . ? gembo, IT iii 94.12 . In later lang. freq. gémadh. 3 pl. ciamdis, Anecd. i 21.5 . cíamtis, LU 2285 ( FA 34 ). cenptís, Fing. R. 230 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. ciarb, LL 22662 (CRR). cer gním, 28196 ( Metr. Dinds. ii 74.30 ). gér mhaith, TD 14.29 . gér ba, SG 168.z . gé gurb, Dánfhocail 64 . cérbat, LB 138a23 ( Todd Lect. vi 64 ). cersat, 4a5 ( PH 250 ).

I With follg. subjunctive.

(a) if, even if, in the case that, in the event that (often almost identical in meaning with má, Bergin, Ériu xii 206 ): ceimroimsimmis `if we should sin', Wb. 9c10 . batorad saithir dúnn . . . cedumelmis cechtuari et cedugnemmis andugniat ar céli, 10c21 . cia sulbiriger gl. si orem lingua, 12d10 . ceni-thaisid ar ois `unless ye go thus willingly', Ml. 33b15 . cenis-nícae `if Thou save them not', 88b7 . ci insamlar gl. si eos imitor, Sg. 1b1 . ceni et huaitsiu if I don't get (it) from you, Vita Br. 25 . trí toichnedai . . . cia be[i]th rí etc. (one is) the case in which a king is . . . , Críth G. 548 . cenis beith biad acht rusbeth deog, Vita Br. 23 . ceni therna if he should happen not to return, Irish Texts i 21 § 17 . cia dogne ín bean cinnta should the woman commit crimes, Laws iv 60.26 Comm. ni imdich cia beth cuit do indib `it shall not shelter him that he has a share in them', iv 202.2 . cia fo-certa míach . . . for a mullach if, BDD² 347 . sund cia no chráidem in Ríg / batin aithrig is tir thall, Ériu i 68.14 . ciathias ann, LB 126b33 . ro badh iongnadh . . . / gémadh . . , DDána 42.34 . cía . . . cía, ceni, cen co whether . . . or (not): cenonmolid cenon airid `whether ye praise us, whether ye blame us', Wb. 16a1 . ciatroillet ciniarillet `whether they deserve it, or deserve it not', 31c23 . gerbh āil gin corb áil leō whether they liked it or not, ACL iii 5.33 . cia fogabad cenco fagbad, LL 7328 .

(b) As explic. and final conj. that (but see Ériu xlii 53 ) (frequ. in clauses depending on words meaning good, fitting, permissible , etc. See ZCP xxix 181 . Somet. with perfective subj., GOI 343 , 562 ): is cett lem don aegaire / cía nobeth sund co sona that he should be here happily, BColm. 98.7 . bacoir cena-chomalnithe, Wb. 13a33 . cubaid . . . cé mad i lub-gort, PH 3020 . is dedbir duib ciforrgot `that they destroy', Thes. i 714.14 . badethbir do cinifesed . . . , 3.39 . is dual ┐ is duthaig duib ciadogneiti calma, BB 429b41 . isfo lium ciarafesid `that ye should know it', Wb. 14b20 . immaircide . . . cerubet ipéin ladiabul, 26a23 . cia dulogae doib a nuili torgabala on gl. licet indulgenter omnia contuleris semel electis, Ml. 138b7 . is licet cia nospromae, Ériu i 202.7 . ba loür . . . / . . . comrac frium / ceni lomardais tre barr / mo dá n-ó dim chiunn, Blathm. 94 § 17 . ni maith less cia gabthar do, Wb. 29b5 . nec mirum .i. ciasingbat árim déṡillabche compariti ┐ superlati, Sg. 44b3 . ní mebul lemm ciafadam `I am not ashamed that I suffer it', Wb. 29d27 . ní mór duib cia chomallaide aní . . . `that ye fulfil', Ml. 95c3 . ciat ngneitis niba romh `they should have recognized him immediately', Blathm. 391 . Note also: nísnain ciasberat níntánicc recht the fact of their saying . . . will not protect them, Wb. 1d1 . amal nandéni mascul dindí as auxilium cebeith genitor áarrad the fact of its being accompanied by g. does not make a. a masculine, Sg. 125a6 (alternatively: a. does not become masculine even though accompanied by g.).

(c) although, in spite of the fact that, even though ( GOI 561 ): bésu dagduine ciniestar cachtúari, Wb. 6b23 . ciachondesin farsúli `though I had asked for your eyes', 19d24 . cini eperthe frinn `even though it should not be said to us', 19a5 . cenitormastar homéit istrom cenae ho aicniud even without its being increased, Ml. 20a20 . ciarubé cenní diib nirubai cenaib huli, 20d4 . cechonístis nombetis archuit analoige `though they might be as regards analogy', Sg. 138a9 . canair son ce beith tuaslucud `it is sung, though there be a relaxation', Mon. Tall. 139.4 . cīa dofaetsad nem for talmain, BColm. 104.17 . ? céini rogalta in fēin `though thou hadst not promised', Fianaig. 12.18 . darbord cia bé `haughty though he was', MacCarthy 186.7 . ge deach rī Conaill a ccēin, ZCP viii 116.21 . gé bheith duine go díomhaoin, Dán Dé xxii 5 .

Very freq. with subj. pres. 3 s. of copula cid though (it be), granting that it is: ced nessa cenél neich alailiu, Ml. 115d7 . cid doib doarrchet, Wb. 5a16 (where cid is perh. used as indic., GOI 484 ). cidmebul lib, 3b30 . cith .m. namma scríbthar and, Sg. 28a15 . ceith dichrai a ndaithrigi `however fervent their penitence', Mon. Tall. 134.12 . cid dīthrub Temair, Thes. ii 317.7 (Hy. ii). cit (pl.) réidi reba, Trip.² 1278 . cenid mé in murgelt már, LU 3022 . gidh aoibhneas an domhan mín, Dán Dé xxiii 35 . ciodh glan mo chrábhadh, Keat. iii 1703 . Perh. also: cid etir in fact, indeed, LL 31730 (TTr.). cidh on in any case, O'D. 39 ( H 3.17, 35 ). Note also: gidhedh nogabdais / ō Bh. co B. though they should go from B. to B., ZCP viii 110 § 7 . ní thiobhra an corp cead a mhúinte / a mhacnas orm gidh eadh raibh though that is what I desire, Dán Dé xix 6 . ? cipithair mo mac inn nī romarbthar though my son come, ZCP xiii 178.19 (cf. cid bé s.v. 1 cía ?). With impf. gémadh naomh even though he be a saint, Dán Dé vii 29 . gemadh fili, Stair Erc. 1231 (even ? see infra).

cid . . . cid whether (it be) . . . or: cidcían cidgair, Wb. 3c5 . cid in imniud cid hisocumail beusa, Ml. 53b8 . cid bec cid mar, Sg. 2a7 . ceith mín cid anmín `slightly or strongly', Mon. Tall. 148.24 . cidh islip cidh uaislibh `whether they be plebeians or nobles', Laws iv 26.20 Comm. ainmne is umaldóit certae / cid maith, cid saich, cid bochtae `which set right good and evil and poverty', Ériu iii 104 § 38 . gidh sunn, cidh tall no mairmis, BNnÉ 313 § 5 . With gé: ge garid gé étgene / dit álaib fo chen, LU 10429 ( ZCP iii 258.9 ). With ellipse of second cid: cid cian gairit, IT i 118.13 (TE Eg.). gidh mór beag do bhéaradh sibh be your gift great or small, Dán Dé vi 21 .

Hence in adv. phr. (┐) cid ed however, nevertheless : ┐ cided ón nislán térnatar, LL 256b26 ( TFerbe 429 ). gided tarcid C., LL 11391 (TBC). cid edh, CCath. 3004 . is gidh eadh, DDána 91.12 . gidheadh ag nach bí éinní `yet hath nothing', Proverbs xiii 7 . ┐ gideth, ZCP vi 34.10 . cid ed, CRR 26.3 . ged ed, TTebe 2092 . In narrative: cērbh eadh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 518 .

With subj. pres. 3 s. of copula in sense even (somet. as mere emphasising word). Twice with pl. ending in Wb.: bieit cit geinti hiressich, 4c40 . muscreitfet cithésidi, 5c2 . Apart from these exx. cid is used irrespective of number of follg. noun or pronoun (see GOI 562 ): corrici cíth besti béoa, Thes. i 4.31 . ba apstal cidmoysi `Moses too was an apostle', Wb. 32d14 . ní comalnatsom cid feissne recht `even they themselves fulfil not the Law', 20c22 . amal dundgniat indfilid linni cid insin `even as the poets with us do', Ml. 26b10 . cid na hualcha gl. superba (loquentes), 31c22 . cidnanguide gl. etiam supplicationum (similitudine), 32c18 . cid ostú a Dé `even Thou, O God', 43a18 . cid inna hí ata beca, 62b10 . iscuse cidedon gl. et id actenus, Enchir. Aug. 72b ( ZCP vii 480 ). ceth anísiu `even this', Ériu ii 224.3 . ro thóraind gid tige in dúine sin, FDG² 30 .

Hence in isolated glosses on Lat. particles: cith gl. et, Wb. 22a5 (a prima manu). cid gl. et, Ml. 14a1 . gl. etiam, 24c2b ; Sg. 9a4 . gl. etsi, Ml. 23c4 . gl. iam, 15b2 . 48b14 . gl. quamlibet, 46c16 . gl. quamuís, 55c12 . gl. (iusti)que, 38d3 . gl. quidem, 14a15 . gl. quippe, 127a8a . gl. quoque, 101a13 . Sg. 16a2a , see Études Celt. xi 112 . gl. saltim, Ml. 86c7 . gl. uel, 99a1 .

With follg. prep. and noun: cid cossin nóin, Wb. 2a21 . ceith cenmathá integdais nucut `even besides yonder house', 33a4 . cid etir na cumcai, Ml. 18d24 . cid a techtugad tire, Laws iv 24.20 Comm. nī tibur-so in tinnscra sinee (leg. sin ?) cid ar Meidb Crūachan feissin, ZCP iv 39.9 = ní thibrind i tindscra cid Meidbi insin, TBFr. 185 . cid aire sin namá if only for that reason, Ériu ii 194 § 7 . cid īarna ētsecht `even after his death', BColm. 98.25 .

With adv. cid indemin `even assuredly', Wb. 9c18 . cid inbiucc, Sg. 39a25 . ceit co matain till morning, Mon. Tall. 152.6 .

With verb: cid átrebfea gl. et habitaturum, Ml. 36b14 . cid reminota .i. cid remínetarcnaigedar `that it even prenote', 18c12 . cithisse gl. et qui, Wb. 22a7 (a prima manu). Usually with clause introduced by conj.: cidamba cocuibsid, Ml. 32b21 . asber cid arind molatar inna nime fesin `he even tells the heavens themselves to praise Him', 145d4 . cidrisíu robǽ cland les, Wb. 29d23 . cid co tisad gáeth etorro ┐ talam even to the extent that, LU 8389 ( FB 26 ). is bec cid dia fesstar a chenél `his kin will be almost unknown', RC xxiv 176.5 . cid intan ná torsed F. chucu `even if Ph. should not return', Ériu iv 142.7 . níor fhás giodh acht cáora con not even (?), Bard. Synt. Tr. 30.38 .

With follg. itir: génnti na rochretset cid itir at all, RC xii 426 § 13 . is fodāig na mnā cid etir roferfaider si (sic) fāilti frit `that you get a welcome at all', ZCP v 501.30 . fri re naenuaire cidh itir `even', Ériu 22.31 . acht másu ḟerr cid etir do ḟlaithseo, LL 278b49 .

In more generalized meaning of as to, as regards, as for : ceth Máolruoin nipo calad `as for M. he was not stiff', Mon. Tall. 135.24 . cid aidchi lúoin ma dorona `as to Sunday night, he is to do so if he can', 132.28 . ceith dand erán ┐ den seildind imbe `both as to the bread and the "selann" of butter', 151.24 . is cid Nuadu Necht . . . / romarb Eterscél . . . / . . . is cid Fergus mac Róig, LL 6429 ff. cid cath Ailbe as for, LL 4127 ( RC xxiii 312 ). cid C. dana as regards, TFerbe 326 . In later lang. somet. very vaguely applied. Cf. atbath cidh araill dibh dfuacht, AFM iii 250.5 . ciodh iar ttriol `not long afterwards', 312.11 .

In later lang. somet. with supporting pron.: gidh é doighech na ndernann even the pang, IGT Decl. ex. 799 . cidh iad fiora F. tugadh éccendáil forra, AFM ii 1042.x . ┐ gidh esidhe ni tearna uadh, v 1484.x . Meic Mh. fós—gidh iad ann, TD 4.15 (see note).

With subj. impf. of copula: gembad gar even for a short time, Metr. Dinds. iv 52. 133 .

II With indic. (see GOI 561 . As a rule concessive in this use, but cf. Wb. 16b9 cited below).

(a) With inf. pron. (on the form of 3 s. m. n. see GOI 269 ): cinid arillset, Wb. 4c39 . ciasidroilliset `though they have deserved it', Ml. 77a15 . ni indráigne dúib cininfil lib it is no detriment to you that we are not with you, Wb. 16b9 . cenis pendid `though they do no penance', Mon. Tall. 135.13 .

(b) Where the sense does not require an inf. pron. a particle -(i)d- is infixed, if necessary by means of no- (see GOI 269 , 324 -5). cerudglanta tribathis, Wb. 4a6 . ciarud chualatar ilbélre et cenuslabratar, 12d28 . cinidfil chairi linn, Ml. 30a2 . cenidfetarsa andliged nisin, 55d21 . ciaridberam a céill `although we express their sense', Sg. 26b2 . cenod filchotarsnataith etarru, 29b17 . cenodfil, 192b5 . quanquam .i. cinud, 17a3 . cenit fregart mac ind righ, Blathm. 96 § 24 . méti cénid chocerta, LU 8899 ( FB 68 ). Note also (with subj.): cinidaccastar `though he be not seen', Wb. 26a12 (see note).

Somet. without infix in O. Ir.: ciasbiursa deus etc., Wb. 2b18 . cerubaid fopheccad `though ye were', 3b19 . ciadurat som digail forassaru, Ml. 94c17 . ciabatar degtacrae les `though he had good arguments', Tur. 81 . So regularly in later sources: cení frecmairc coibsina `though he does not ask for confessions', Mon. Tall. 135.15 . cé dogénsam ainmne, ACL iii 295 § 22 . gé ro sgoilt cuirr a chroidhe, Dán Dé xx 29 . gé 'tú, TD 25.42 . gé a-tád, DDána 3.32 . ge ro baoi, AFM v 1734.13 .

con-ceil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. con-ceil or dil.ie/12011
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: coiglid, caiglid, coclad, coicill, coicelta, coicelta

v ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 483 . Occas. also with root cell-, ibid. 482 ). Later coiglid, caiglid. IGT Verbs § 62 .

(a) hides, conceals : cia chonchelae ón (rectius -celae, Edd.) gl. si hostium disimulas, Ml. 106c14 . actmachotchela, Wb. 5a9 . concelasiu ón gl. disimulato, Ml. 101a1 (see Ped.). disamlad .i. conchelad ón, 114c3 . conaicelt ┐ dorolaig in peccad gl. desimulauit, 49c9 . rūn mnā ní maith con-celar, Sc.M² 3 . c.¤ con-tūasi `he who remains silent conceals', Celtica viii 74.z ( ZCP iii 454.11 ). ben c.¤ a forcur, Laws v 272.5 . con-cleith egna in abhraibh iomhuis, Ériu xiii 39.z `he conceals', O'Dav. 27 . mad mebul cotacéla, Ériu iii 98 § 11 . conithcheil fair who hides it (sin) from Him, vii 158.25 . con-celta-si fora cēile she kept (it) from her husband, Corp. Gen. 139.x . ? rocoicle[s]tar dilgudh grinde ingin [nairchinne], O'Dav. 1334 , but cf. ? coiglestar.

(b) spares, protects (persons): conar' choicled . . . / nech amáthair, SR 4141 . nīr coigletar corp arali, Fianaig. 92.30 . níor chogail sé a Mhac fēin = Filio suo non pepercit, TSh. 2862 . With DO: ni ro coiccill side do duini . . ., ┐ ni mo cocceladh P., CCath. 5146 - 7 . coigil dúinn, a thigherna = ut nobis parcas, Parrth. Anma 3870. 3974 .

(c) spares, saves, hoards, withholds : na coiclidh ní, RC xxvii 290 § 49 . caiglidh . . . a bhríathra = spareth his words, Proverbs xvii 27 . feile nar coiccledh ar chách (of a saint), BNnÉ 282.3 . meirdrech . . . ni choiglionn sí í féin ar aóinfer, Ériu v 164.y .

(d) Of actions refrains from, desists from: nocho gcaigéal a rádh ribh `I will not cease repeating', Content. xxiv 10 . ná coiglidh cluiche ná cleas, DDána 53.20 . dáil a gcruidh ní choigill siad, O'Hara 910 . cor eich ní chaigle `thou dost . . . drive recklessly', Aithd. D. 77.27 . nir caigill briathar da burba do rad, Smaointe B. Chr. 2577 .

Vn. coclad, coicill. Part. coicelta. Vbl. of necess. coicelta.

1 deithbir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 deithbir or dil.ie/15289

 

Forms: dedbir, deidbir, deithbeir, deithbir, de(i)thfir, debthir, deithfir, deidbiriu, dethbiri, in d.

i, adj. and subst. (dí + aithber, lit. blameless ). dedbir, Wb. 3b30 , Trip.² 2028 . deidbir, Wb. 6a12 . deithbeir, 33c16 . deithbir, Ml. 38d2 . de(i)thfir, PH . debthir, Auraic. 178 . deithfir f., IGT Decl. § 13 .

I As adj. fitting, proper, reasonable, natural (both of that which is inherently right or meet and of that which might be expected under the circumstances): d.¤ .i. dí aithbir, Corm. Y 15 . d.¤ .i. dlightheach, O'Cl.

(a) Rarely attrib.: inna nnaimtine ṅd.¤ of the just enmities, Ml. 38d2 . ni thechtam serccai acht sercca dethbiri, Alex. 894 .

(b) Usually as pred. with cop. (often unexpressed): is deidbir moídem di suidib, Wb. 17d19 . cani d.¤ , Sg. 3b12 . dethbir dímicim do na hindmassaib talmandaib, PH 5878 . d.¤ ón (sin) that is natural; that might be expected (in confirmation of a preceding statement; often followed by an explanatory sentence introduced by ar, úair): for Cúchulaind uccot, olse, dochuaid rimsa for teithed. Deithber son, ol Medb, ma ranístais daghóic, ní gébad in sirite fri feta, TBC-I¹ 1263 . imsoítis a claidib friu . . . d.¤ ón, ar no labraitis demna friu dia n-armaib, LU 3236 ( SCC 2 ). Cf. TBC-LL¹ 1904 ; LL 30c8 ; PH 4825 , 5194 . is d.¤ dom it is right (proper, natural) for me: is deidbir deit á aigthiu it is reasonable (fitting?) for thee to fear him, Wb. 6a12 . is dedbir am duit thou hast reason, Trip.² 2028 . ba sodeithbir dó, Ériu vi 148.50 . is d.¤ limm I deem it right, fitting , Sg. 3b2 . Followed by appositional clause introduced by cia: is dedbir dúib cid mebul lib a taidmet it is reasonable that ye should be ashamed to call them to remembrance, Wb. 3b30 . deithbeir do ceith aneola that he be ignorant, 33c16 . is d.¤ . . . cid ansa don curp a congbal no wonder that it is hard for the body to contain itself, Mon. Tall. § 60 . d.¤ dóib cid mór a mbríg, LL 276a11 . d.¤ cidh airdirc an fód rightly is the spot celebrated, AFM 915 (poem) (ii 590.12). Followed by neg. clause: is deithber cen cop mór mo thua-sa, LL 275a6 . Compar. deidbiriu, Wb. 6a8 , 9c10 . dethbiri, FA 34 . Adv. in d.¤ gl. merito, Ml. 47b5 .

II As subst. reasonableness, fitness, hence reason, cause: ata dethbir saine sin (text?), Todd Lect. vi 46 . hit é tra dethbiri dosbera in plág fo thír n-Erenn .i. díth cretmi, etc. the reasons, RC xii 426 § 15 . In concrete sense matter: ó díscáiledh na ndethber ó fásann an folt ┐ in uair díscáilter na dethbir sin . . . ní leighester an folt, O'Gr. Cat. 178 .

dímicen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dímicen or dil.ie/16538

 

Forms: dímicem, dímicin, dimiciu, dimice, dimicin

n ā, f. Later form of O.Ir. dímicem. n s. usually dímicin. Also dimiciu, LL 223b48 . dimice, 229a12 . g s. dimicin, BB 416a16 , 495b2 .

Condemning, despising (with obj. gen. or prep.); insult: dimhiccin .i. tár no tarcaisne, O'Cl. dimicen inimicorum gl. despectus, Ml. 129a1 . ba d.¤ mór leo Fergus dia tabairt hi tindscra they deemed it a great insult that F. had given them, LL 106a46 ( Ériu iv 24 ). ba dímice mor la D. a fácbáil, 229a12 . is dúib is mebul in dímiciu rafhuirmed forom-sa, 223b48 . dethbir dímicin do na hindmassaib talmandaib, PH 5878 . in dimegin tucais doib gan nech dib do thogha duit, Aen. 698 . dimhigin for eccnoi, ZCP ix 168 . doradadh dimiccin ┐ tarcaisne dosidhe, AFM vi 1972 . din dímicin ra-immir L. fair, LL 222a36 . do dímicin a smachta ┐ a rechta, LB 144a17 . ac dimhicin Molaisi belittling M., SG 31 . doberam dímicin do, PH 2030 . innisidh . . . in dīmicin ┐ in dīmhīagh tachmhaircc tucadh . . . fair, ZCP xiii 169.30 . dorat dímhicin for na techta, Marco P. 30 . dorad sár ┐ dimiccin don chrois, AFM v 1466 . lasan dimhigin . . . doronsat do Ghaoidhealaibh, Hugh Roe 76 . fo dhimiach ┐ fo dhimigin, MS. Mat. 551 . cen digu cen dimicin (chev.), Lec. 78b15 . cen dimicein (: sen), 45b22 . fobithin na dimicni doratais for firbald Crist, Mon. Tall. § 66 (= dimmicne, Ériu ii 222 ). i ndioghail dímiccne Findén, AFM ii 1116 . in bem dimecin dorat L. fair, BB 416a16 . adrith (no rogab) A. erred amra ndimicin alaile miled imbi, 495b2 = erriud ndíndim mean, shabby, Alex. 765 .

élúd

Cite this: eDIL s.v. élúd or dil.ie/20010

 

Forms: -úid, eloidthe, elaide, elaigthe, helud, élud, elud, élud, héluda, eluidh, élaidh, eluuth

n u, m. g s. also -úid, etc. in Mid. Ir.; g s. eloidthe, elaide, Laws i 88.6 , iii 324 y are possibly for elaigthe, as if belonging to élugud, which is a dubious form. (vn. of as-luí) going out, departing, escaping, escape, elopement, evasion, migration, secret or stealthy departure: ind helud [rectius int é.¤ ] (gl. evasio) Ml. 86 b11 . inn élud (gl. descensionem (a te factam)) 92b4 . hon elud , 44b5 . ho élud 44d30 . airde n-éelutha máma `a sign of evading the (marriage) bond' Wb. 11c11 . héluda (gl. euadendi) Ml. 86 c1 . is mebul elud rig na firinne ┐ chairte fri demun `to shun the King of righteousness' Acr. 17v1 ( Thes. ii 7.34 ). rogab flaithius elud uan the sovranty has departed from us Rawl. 142 a36 . is é bás na hanma, a herchra ┐ a hélúd tria phecdaib...ón bethaid forordai, LU 36 b23 = RC xxv 250.3 . Loch Suidhe O....do eludh a nderedh aidche ḟeile Micheil co ndechaid isin Fabaill, AU 1054 (= AFM ib. ). BB 256 b34 . a n-élúgh uile uainn (: gēr-rūn) their departure from us (i.e. their death), Rel. Celt. ii 236z . fleeing, escaping (from captivity or peril): roboí in fer aile oc élúd ass LU 98a28 (= BDD 157 ). immaricfa elúd dó, 87b34 = BDD 77 . dollotar for élud (from slavery) LL 6b20 . dia luid...for élúd for imgabail, 159b38 = SG ii 481.8 . rop ecail la hIúdas Ísu do elód...al-lamaib oesa na hergabala, PH 3091 . Iósep do élód as in carcair, 3713 . na geimhligh uile dh'élúdh, IGT, Decl. ex. 305 . tarmcruthugud Slebi Taboir .i. elod ro ela Isu a fiadnaise a aspal , LB 145a38 . gan conair eluda acco `no way of escape' CCath. 2481 . 2300 . Aen. 2127 . conair eluidh , 2051 . ni fuil aco treoir n-eloid for fairgi, 2043 . cidh iat na forchoimhedaighe ní ro ráthaighset an t-éludh, AFM vi 1898.13 . Stealthy departure, elopement: echlach ras ruc i n-aithed ┐ i n-élúd uaitsiu tri lár catha fer nHerend, CRR 7 . Helind do breith...ar athed ┐ ar elód, TTr.² 523.573 . Keat. ii 2967 . eludh do feraib Breg cuice `the men of B. went secretly to him' (i.e. went over to the invader) AU 821 . attagur-sa élud inna hingine ucut la Froéch, LL 249b41 = ZCP iv 38.18 . a ghrádh...éalódh leat is é mo dhúil, Oss. vi 94.12 . elúd ram' duain-se doringne in fer dána, ┐ recfaid hí, LL 306 a36 = RC xiii 104.2 . dochum elóid ar a cul go crich mB. as in mbáogal sin, Celt. Rev. iv 206.5 ....ag triall tré ealódh oidhche d'ḟios a long used to steal away to their ships by night Keat. iii 2860 . téid i n-éalódh oidhche...go doire choille, ii 4693 . gen. as attrib.: tré dhoirsibh élaidh an bhaile, AFM vi 1956.6 .

As legal term, evasion of rightful claims; default, neglect to comply with legal customs or duties, failure to submit a claim to legal decision ( Laws vi 302 ); usual term for failure on part of the céle, or vassal, to pay his legal dues, etc. (with gen. of person or liability) ( ZCP xiv 343 § 5 ): indligidh don bidbaidh a elod-sum im dlighedh `it is unlawful for the defendant not to have offered him what the law requires' Laws i 114.21 Comm. toichníud iar n-élaud aige dia folaid `after part of his supplies has been withheld' iv 336.2 . (at the games of Carmun:) ní lamar la graifne in gáid | élud, aithne, athgabáil, Metr. Dinds. iii 18.224 . óenach...cen élúd, cen ergabáil, iv 150.60 . fiach eloidthe `fine for evading' Laws i 88.6 Comm. eiric elaide iii 324 y Comm. With léicid: da leicther a n-elodh if they [the claimants] are evaded i 88.6 Comm. nochin fuil ní uadha acht aithgin in bīdh...noco leigi fein elodh ┐ o leicfes elodh is .u. seoit, etc. he is only liable for restoration of the food until [i.e. unless] he evades [restoring] and when he evades it is five seds, etc. Cóic Con. p. 54 § 123 . indligedh don biudbudh a eludh sun do lécun im dligedh to evade him as to law Laws i 88.23 Comm. 86 z (lecudh) 86 z Comm. slan elo do lecan, v 178.21 , 25 , 27 Comm. iar lecon elothe after absconding 442.10 Comm. mac huar, as isidhe bis ina hocht i ngnæ helotha athar co n-oponar a lepaith ┐ a apuith in the status of a deserter from the father (one of the three kinds of mac beo-athar, a class whose contracts are invalid unless joined in by their fathers) ZCP xiii 23.12 . See Bürgschaft p. 11 . Cf. eluuth graece a verbo elbo (ἐλύω) .i. dessero , O'Mulc. 377 .

1 én,

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 én, or dil.ie/20038
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: én, éu, eóuin, eóin, én, eiúin, euin, eoin, eún, eon, én, én, eóin, eoin, éin, eoin, heónu, heona, euna, ṅén, én, én

n o, m. a bird: n s. essen didiu ni hēn chadacht no ni hēn clūmda cedacht [sic leg.] not yet a fledged bird Corm. Y 511 (cf. cadacht, Thes. ii 252.18 . cedacht, Wb. 27d13 ). én immoniada sás, Thes. ii 294.27 . int én bec 343.14 . cuach findruini ┐ én óir for a lár, FB 60 . én do lic lógmair, 62 . in t-ēn gaires as in tsail | ālainn guilbnén is glan gair, IT iii 47.3 . éu, Anecd. i 28 § 27 . v s. a eóuin Accla, 24.15 . a eóin , 25 § 4 . a s. sénais inn ēn luamnech the fluttering bird Hy v 64 . amal én LU 69b17 = TBC-I¹ 1259 . nomad loighi na circi in gach en da henaib an airet bet re cois for every chick Laws iii 380.2 . g s. do anmaim ind eiúin , Sg. 93a2 . i ndeilb euin RC iii 346.19 . suide eoin , Hy v 1 . bés éoin ar luamain TBC-LL¹ 3615 . a chride ind eoin ittig, 3462 . tré sciath n-ete indala héoin, SCC 7 . hi tuaim inn eouin, CCC 5 (Eg.). i rricht eoin = sub specie avis Todd Lect. v 20.8 . guth eoin bhinn do bhilibh GF, Ériu v 54.43 . sgéala gach eóin don ealta, TD 15.27 . guth a néin, Eccles. xii 4 . d s. dund eún , Ml. 118b10 (ref. to pellicanus). donn eon , ACL iii 234.15 . Dán Dé ix 24 . n du. in dá én , SCC 6 . a du. da én , 7 . CCC 2 . g du. a ndeilb da eun finn, RC iii 346.34 . d du. don dá éan, TD 15.31 . n p. amal donemat eoin a suthu as birds protect their young Ml. 39c22 . amal ṁbite in euin utmaill sin (ref. to locustae) 127c12 . ind eóin , FA 33 (LU. ina heoin LB). ind eoin , SCC 5 . an éin , CCC 2 (LU). eoin aititin (.i. cerca ┐ geodh) `domestic fowl' Laws v 166.5 . eoin mara...eoin moige ná móna ...eoin choilledh, O'Gr. Cat. 487.14 . a p. dossib...inna heónu will hunt the birds LU 129a40 . 63a3 . ina heona TBC-I¹ 708 . gin euna , CCC 4 (Eg.). fostaid ocht n-eono díb, TBC-LL¹ 1335 . fastaid sé eóin déc díb, 1336 (heona St). g p. trírech inna ṅén , Thes. ii 290.8 . foraim én , SCC 5 . irrechtaib én nglégel, FA 33 . iall én , TBC-LL¹ 1952 . ingne éan, TSh. 3466 . d p. d'iasc ┐ di enaib, IT ii 173.8 . dona héanaibh, TD 15.28 . TSh. 3057 .

Special uses: a éan coluim ar cheannsa O dove for gentleness Dán Dé i 19 . gan uiread eoin chirce da mhaoin féin so much as a chick (? cf. under eréne, éirín(e), above, and Cog. 48.19 ) Keat. iii 2756 .

Fig., etc. nipu ēn comadus ina n-ēill not a suitable bird for their flock (of an uncomely fellow seeking to join a party of poets) Corm. Bodl. p. 180 . an t-ēn oirdnidi (of St. Gregory) YBL 164a47 = ZCP xii 368.3 . e.¤ baile bird of ecstasy (fig. for dream of love (?), the kisses of Mac ind Óc): eoin bale batar oc athigid Chairpri L. do Ráith Chairpri...cetheora póca in Meic Ooc ros delb i rricht cethri n-én co mbetís ic togairad cǽm nHerend, LL 166a22 . Dinds. 117 . Cf. Metr. Dinds. iv 212 . A Luim Laine nacham luaid | ...manibetis leca Luigdech lis | eoin bic baile rot betis were it not for the `leca L. l.' the birds of ecstasy (?) would be with thee LL 145b14 (cf. ZCP viii 107.6 and n 0 . MS. Mat. 478 . iii lecca lis Luighdech .i. gress ┐ ruicci ┐ mebul , RC xxiii 324 x ). é.¤ crosse: co hén crossi .i. saland `the bird of a cross—salt' MacCongl. 101.1 = co hen croithe (= croiche ?) 127.16 . eóin erchoille (v.l. earcaille), name given to a class of mercenaries , Triads 230 . é.¤ finn: éun fionn `ossifrage or white Eagle' Kirk = Eg. Gl. 289 ( ACL iii 155 ). é.¤ catha a bird-standard, an ensign: ra tócbait a signi sitharda ┐ a n-eóin chatha, LL 239b38 = TTr. 1702 . é.¤ gaile bird of valour, a phenomenon supposed to accompany the martial fury of heroes (cf. O. Ir. lúan láith): atrácht a én gaile ós a anáil, LL 225a47 (= TTr. 600 ). ra eirgetar a n-eoin gaile ós a n-analaib, 239b41 (= TTr. 1706 ). Fianaig. 94. 13 . adraig a en gaile co mbai for luamain uasa cind, Aen. 2567 . Cog. 188 . FDG 237 = MR 32.9 . én gualann pet bird: én gualann Dé (ep. of Colum Cille) ZCP x 340.9 .

COMPDS.: ¤abdul of big birds (?): conid fordub cu aér n-enadbul uas a cennaib as far as the sky where the great birds soar (?) LL 265a7 = MU 20.28 .

¤amar bird-song (?): tiaguit inn eoin remib...ba haluinn in t-enlorg ┐ in t-enamar cachnaitir for a lluamuin CCC 2 Eg. = ba cáin in t-énlorg ┐ t-énamar bói leu LU. e.¤fhlaith bird reign, bird kingdom BDD 16.171 and p. 121 .

¤lorg a flight of birds (?): see under ¤amar, above, and: suairc in t-énlorg én álainn | ní scélborb amar scáilim SG 347.18 .

¤ogam bird-ogam , a cipher in which the letters are denoted by names of birds, as `e' by `ela' and so on, Auraic. 5692 .

With pref. sen-én ancient bird i.e. a hawk, crow: sen-ēn .i. prechan no seabac ut est smacht peta seneoin ┐ sinnaig, O'Dav. 1414 = peata seneóin (.i. sebaicc), Laws iv 114.11 ( 16 ). i ndelbaib sen-én, LL 246 b6 (= IT iii 244.35 ). in da ṡin-én hí sin, 246b20 = IT iii 244.45 . siabra ┐ seneoin (hovering over a battlefield), Cog. 174.10 .

1 enech, ainech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 enech, ainech or dil.ie/20066
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: ainech, ainech, enech, einic, enig, ainiuch, inchaib, enech, enigh

n o, n. (Ascoli considered the latter form to be originally a distinct word, connected with aingid protects), in later lang. m., and sometimes s in pl.

I Face, front ; as the word is regularly pl. in early Irish the original meaning was evidently brows or cheeks. In the later lang. it is more usually treated as sg.: n p. a di chulaid-som friu ┐ enech Loig, TBC-I¹ 1154 . a p. ní 'na n-enech robitha acht is inna ndrummai (gl. vulnera non aduerso corpore exciperunt, sed auerso) Ml. 100b2 . dubeir cách a chorp hí cotarsnae fria chele .i. enech fri enach (gl. aduersis corporibus) 65b10 . follaig Medb a hainech, LU 6567 . tucastar dóit fri dóit ┐ einech fri einech, CRR 45.48 . goeth garb ina n-enech, FA 26 (LB). nobetis déra geiredh dar eneach gach caratt ZCP vii 268 § 4 . d p. is i n-inchaib atat na cétfaide, O'Mulc. 403 . g p. comlethet a enech di or, LU 20b27 = MU 54.15 . cathbarr ┐ éittidh robaoi foraibh ag...diamlughadh a n-aightheadh ┐ a n-eineach, Hugh Roe, 166.9 (f. 44b) . In later texts the gen. is usually in sg. form: ar son a einich .i. ar son a aighthe, O'Cl. s. eineach, and the word is probably to be taken as sg. in the following exx.: glass robhói a ainech .i. aighed ghlas lais, Cóir Anm. 201 . dorat sígín na croiche dar a enech, RC x 185.14 . dearg a oineach .i. a ghnúis, Keat. ii 2223 (< dearg-ainech robái, Cóir Anm. 21 ). Later form of n p.: nírbo heinighi carat im [sic leg.] fleid in lucht bátar isin tig sin faces of friends at a feast Hib. Min. 52.23 (= aigthe carat, IT i 99.15 ). Of the outer surface of anything: nói mbuilc co n-inchaib órdaib, BDD 119 .

In phrases: ar (for) inchaib over against, in front of: Lia na Fían... | ar inchaib Rátha Senaid, Metr. Dinds. i 18.80 . co torchair for incuibh a duine fessin, Ériu vi 144.10 . badar da tulaigh arda fora n-inchaibh, CCath. 2407.1652 . Leb. Gab.(i) i 208.30 . Hugh Roe² 3.32 (f. 2a) . AFM vi 1898 z . After verb of motion: tainic ar ionchaibh a lethemain came in front of his twin (to shield him) CCath. 2068 ( Luc. Phars. iii 614 ). do dhol ar ionchaibh an Choimdhedh go breithemnus mbratha, BNnÉ 128.17 .

The following seem to belong to this section, but the sense may be that of II b: dorochradar...gleri laech for inchaib a tigernadh, Aen. 2494 . do eirgedar...isin comlonn sin ar inchaib Fergusa `in support of F.' Celt. Rev. iv 22 note m.

ar (for) enech into the presence of (cf. II b). Later also in front of: Ó D. ┐ Ó N. do bheith i ndíbh scoraibh for aineach aroile ó Shamhain go Nodlaicc, AFM iv 1178 x = for enech, AU 1490 . atconnairc T. an t-aingel ina seasamh ar a oinigh [leg. oinech?] gerbo ina diaidh fosraccaibh, Aisl. Tond. 101.9 . Cf. elta dian mag fo ócaib...fert na n-airech ... | décaid ar ainech Etair, Metr. Dinds. iii 106.52 .

fri enech opposite: isind ḟoclúi féinnida fri enech in ríg, BDD 74 . Cf. Ml. 65 b10 and CRR 48 , cited above.

i n-enech against, in opposition to: dolbfamaitni sé muca...a n-einech na sé n-onchon, Anecd. ii 62.15 ; 63.3 . Cf. duberat mo bráthir im ainech mu étchi my kinsmen urge against me my ugliness (cast it in my teeth?) Trip. 152.6 . ? dá mbeith ’na oineach 'if opposed by him' Celtica xvi 91 § 5 .

os inchaib?: airchinnig étrocair bíte ós inchaib martra na nnǽb for dānaib ┐ dechmadaib na hecailsi, FA 25 (this may belong to II).

enech i n-inchaib face to face: tucad cuce in di tabald co mbatar ina lamoib eneuch a n-inchoib facing one another RC xiii 223.53 . dorola airri na hA. doib...eineach i n-inchaip for in muig, CCath. 3058 . With do: do suidhigh [Césair] a longphort ann einech i n-inchaibh do longphort Poimp, 3287 . With fri: gabhsat longport and eineach i n-ionchuibh fri hUltaib, ZCP xiv 228.1 . batar enech i n-ionchaibh friaroile corofighedh iomairecc, AFM ii 908.5 . iii 362.4 . Hugh Roe² 5.32 (f. 3a) . go ranuicc go Dún na nGall eineach i n-ionchaibh frisna Gallaibh, 18.4 (f. 10a) . AFM vi 1926.10 .

e.¤ imm inchaib id.: ro gabh Cesair longphort...enech um inchaibh ríu, CCath. 2286 . Cf. robhai aigidh im inchaib fris directly opposite him Aen. 2857 .

With pref., as adj.:

bán-ainech white-faced: ben bán-ainech, TBC-LL¹ 4314 = TBC-I¹ 2789 (= banaighthech St).

clár-ainech flat-faced: Mo Bii...in clárainech ( .i. cen sróin lais itir, LB 97 ), Fél. Oct. 12 . in dall clar-enech = cæcum tabulatam faciem habentem Todd Lect. v 86.3 . Cf. ferais tromṡnechta...co mbatar clarenig uile coiceda hErend din tṡnechtu so that all the fifths of Ireland were equally level plains TBC-LL¹ 627 .

crunn¤ (cruinn¤ ) round-cheeked: gnúis chorcra chrund-ainech, TBC-LL¹ 5323 .

coím¤ with noble face: Cathbad cóem-ainech, IT i 68.14 . LU 124 az = ZCP iii 236.19 ( ¤oinech). mor cend caem-ainech, BB 420 a36 .

derg¤ ruddy-cheeked: derg-ainech robái coni[d] dé ro lil Enna Derg dé, Cóir Anm. 21 .

gorm¤ swarthy-cheeked: fer gorm-ainech, BDD 75 . fien gorm-ainech, Fianaig. 10 § 8 .

moíth¤ soft-cheeked: ben mæth-ainech, TBC-I¹ 2789 .

COMPDS.: pn enech-glass green-faced: Bressal Enechglas RC xxv 22.10 . Rawl. 117by . B. Ainechghlass, Cóir Anm. 201 . asbert fri Breasal nEineachlais, Lec. 380a7 = Leb. Cert. 194 . rí O nEnechlais, Top. Poems 74.13 = ar Uibh Inechruis, 90.5 (see note, and Leb. Cert. 195 - 6 n.g.). Cf. ...AVI INEQUAGLAS, JRSAI 1898, 57 .

¤nár of noble countenance, or noble repute: Enna enech-nár, Metr. Dinds. iv 182.12 . ri claind Iafeth enechnāir, LL 142a44 . Rawl. 76b20 . ó mac Cumaill einechnáir, Acall. 1417 . Caichni ros ícc Sinchell slán | co himthend co henech-nár, Metr. Dinds. iii 156.18 .

¤réid of gentle face, or of free generosity, lavish: ar ndol don úr enechréigh upon the death of the generous one Miscell. Celt. Soc. 330.3 (cf. ó ṡíol R. an réadhoinigh `generous seed of R.' TD 16.57 ).

II By a transition of meaning apparently connected with the tendency for feelings of shame or humiliation to be reflected in the countenance, enech comes to be used in the sense of honour, repute, good name . The `enech' of an individual might be damaged by unatoned insult or injury on the part of another, or by any act on his own part which was dishonouring to his status, or any failure to fulfil the duties of his rank. Such acts or lapses, when unatoned, left a stain upon his `enech' and thus damaged his status. The contexts in which enech occurs in this sense usually deal with acts which cause humiliation or degradation, or with compensation for such acts, and the word takes on slightly different shades of meaning according to the aspect in which `enech' is regarded. For convenience of reference the exx. given below are grouped as far as possible in accordance with these aspects. In some passages the literal meaning of the word is plainly recognised. In the Laws Text it is treated as pl.; elsewhere it is often sg., though at least some of the instances from early texts are doubtless due to transcribers: gen. einic, Corm. Y 685 . enig, 532 . FB 94 LU. dat. ainiuch, AU 1123 .

(a) honour, repute; dignity, status: ar na torthaiset isnaib sechtaib hi tuitet enech caich...a aér i [= a?] torgabail cen gell dia inchaib, gú-fiadnaisi [sic leg.] gú-test, ailsed nadma, elud rathaigis, dul tria aitiri im ni dichuat fuiri [cf. Laws i 58.1 ff .], cacc for a enech [cf. Corm. Y 685 . ZCP xv 342 § 33 ]. Cid dinigh di inchaibh neich inna .uíí. sa? nach sal aslenna ainech duine biit a tri oca diúnach .i. sleic ┐ usce ┐ anart. is edh is sleíc, fóisitiu in mídénmai fia[d] doínib ┐ in gell nád súifii friiu aitherach. in t-usci, ícc ne[i]ch atball tria mignimiu. anart, penait in midenmai rer [per?] lebor that they fall not in the seven things in which everyone's honour (or countenance) may fall, that is, to be satirized, to transgress without having a pledge on his behalf (or to be satirized for transgressing, etc.?), false witness, false testimony, careless bond-making, evasion of suretyship, breaking through his pledge...(?) [all these bring?] dirt on one's honour. What cleanses from one's honour (or countenance) these seven things? Any stain which soils a person's honour, etc. Laws iv 318.21 ff . Cf. MacNeill, MacNeill, Law of status § 100 ( PRIA xxxvi C 16 ). nā raibh on for inchaibh tuaithe, ACL iii 295 § 27 . on it inchuib, Laws i 232.3 . recht ┐ enech ┐ anim [sic leg.] do rig, enech ┐ anim [sic leg.] do cāch olcena...treidhe do rig .i...is recht a timarcain is enech do beth sochaide ┐ imcomet anma do insin for a king, rule and honour and life; for others (only) honour and life. Threefold for a king, i.e. his (power of) constraint (or castigation) is (his) rule, it is his honour to have a retinue, and that guards his life Laws i 230.11ff. Comm. Cf. recht .i. flatha. enech .i. feni .i. ocus filidh. ainim .i. eclasa .i. inas dír do eclais rule, i.e. of the lord; honour, i.e. oj the freeborn native, i.e. and the poet; life (soul ?), i.e. of the church, i.e. what is properly for the church 230.10 . dilsi n-ainech rig a king retains his honour ZCP xv 366 . conagaib ainech ┐ anmain damsa in fer muinteri rucad uam .i. mo chú upheld my honour and my life (i.e. by guarding his stock so that he was never shamed from lack of provender for his guests, and by guarding his own person) TBC-I¹ 534 . secht seoit airech...con-oat enech which maintain (his) honour (i.e. appertain to his status), Cóic Con. 45 § 72 . Cf. Laws i 134 . ní dlegar anim is enech i n-íc n-anma (the loss of) a life need not be requited by both honour and life Metr. Dinds. iv 110.43 . úaisle eineach inā anam, ZCP xiv 251.2 . béo duine d'éis a anma ┐ ní beo d'éis a oinigh [sic leg.] RC xxix 138.4 . Aen. 2203 . Here we may note the punning sentence: olc amser...i mbiat ile cenna, i mbiat uate enig when heads [i.e. severed ones] will be many and countenances [i.e. reputes] will be few LL 188a52 = RC xxvi 36.3 .

To each grade was assigned a certain rate of satisfaction for any act which if left uncompensated would taint the individual's honour and thus affect his standing and reputation. This compensation was proportioned to the nature of the act and the status of the individuals concerned, and based on the valuation termed lóg n-enech ( honour-price ) in the earlier law tracts (`honour-price was the valuation of the freeman's status'; `a valuation of the power and effect of his status at any given time,' MacNeill, l.c. 270 . Another term for honour-price was eneclann, q.v.): digaib do log eneach eireach it diminishes the honour-price of a chief Laws iv 56.26 . is dilis don cele log n-einech dib, ZCP xiv 391 § 59 = Laws ii 336.5 . log enech fuidre, ma[d] doerfuidir, can mittir ? a inchaib a flatha whence is the honour-price of an unfree settler estimated? from the status of his lord Laws v 516.13 ; 108.24 . fer cen selb...a inchuib a mnā direnar side he is rated according to the status of his wife 516.5 . ii 394.27 . log n-ainech cach fuidire acht doer-fuidir direnar as a leth-[th]othchus, v 518.14 . na gradha tuaithe...ailsed nadm[a], no rath, no eteris, no gūfiadnuisi, no gūfoirgiull, no gūbreithemnus, no gūmes, no guin indilsi, no forlosccadh...troethaidh a logh einech umpu, i 58.10 Comm. dia ndenut guin, no fell for corpuib no colluib, fingal no duinethaighe, no etech daime, no adaltrus do graduib ecuilsi tesbuidh a lan-log einech iumpud fo cetoir curu icuit ┐ curo pinnet na grada ecuilsi ┐ ro sothut na grada cetna cinmotha in t-espoc, Laws i 56.24 Comm. ciasingba in ben as a mamaib ni fairben log n-ainech indi fir `if the woman falls from her obedience, it does not subtract from the honour-price of her husband' v 516 z . sechtmad lōge enig cāich iarna míadh, Corm. Y 532 . lān-lōg einig cāigh fo miad, 531 . Cf. dalbach dina tobngar dire n-ainech, ACL iii 294 § 7 . congairim firiu hErinn. nus biathaim gu cenn dechmuidi. fosuidiur a ndana ┐ a ndibergai. forriuth a n-enech ┐ a n-inechgreso amin I help (them to maintain) their status and (to repel) attacks on their honour IT i 141.27 = 325.8 . ZCP iii 236.4 . dodechas o M.A. cuice do cuingidh na muice do chabair a einich M.A. sent to him for the pig to help (him to maintain by his hospitality) his honour Dinds. 112 = IT i 112 . Cf. cit. from TBC-I¹ 534 , above. fó daig na rotubaide fria enech lest his honour should be aspersed IT i 121.30 . dús in fugebmáis tesorcain ar n-enech fri Ingcél, orguin fón orguin dorat dún to see if we could get wherewith to guard our honour from I. (that is,) a reaving to set against the reaving he allowed to us BDD 48 (they had promised him a return reaving and their honour would have been damaged had the promise not been fulfilled). na haithber ar n-einech, a I. (he had reproached them with shrinking from the promised reaving) 80 (ainech YBL). is messi thall cach n-accobor collaide n-airi na beth milliud enech daitsiu and, IT i 128.25 . ni fil imlot n-enig daitso and, 128.28 (LU) = issat slán-sa dot enech, 128.6 (Eg.). guin in meic ro mill a enech `that smirched his honour' (by embracing his wife) Metr. Dinds. iv 110.32 . do dígail ar mná ┐ ar n-ainig ar na Manib, TBC-LL¹ 4572 . an ferann in ro sáraighedh C. a dílsiugad dó 'na enech as compensation for his (outraged) honour Metr. Dinds. iv 268 x . MR 132.4 . olc do inchaib Ulad...na tri eclaind do thutim dib ┐ nad tabrat digail fair, IT ii2 214.51 . bid olc dot inchaib-siu (not to avenge the slaying of his servant), Laws i 6 z . Ériu ix 46 § 8 . foipremm ina ndegaid ┐ marbam...is liach on, ol M., ┐ is meth n-einig duinn inni sin a blighting of our honour ZCP iv 39.13 . cáemain, a rí... | th'ainech, th'agaid, ocus tabair Ailech d'A. `guard ...thine honour and thy face, and give A. to A.' Metr. Dinds. iv 116.103 . not áirubsa, ol in cainte. ro íccus dom inchaib indiu. aírfatsa Ultu it chinta. ro iccus dia n-inchaib I shall satirize thee [for refusing a request]...I have paid on behalf of my honour to-day. I shall satirize Ulster for thy faults. I have paid on their behalf LL 121a42 - 44 . RC viii 48.25 ; 52.12 . do ænig a fir, 48 z . Cf. ni herfaider dom incaibse ón sibse imme (reply to a challenge) LU 21a18 = IT ii2 213.15 (cf. 210.1 ). ro íccus do chind m' enig indiu chena, LL 121a16 . tanic F. leo dar cend a enig, daig ba hussu lessium a thuttim do gaib gaile ┐ gascid...ná a thuttim de gaaib áire ┐ écnaig ┐ imdergtha, TBC-LL¹ 3022.1738 . berid enech carries off the honour of (by satire, etc.) humiliates, shames: nicon n-etus leo fer du thuidecht ar a chend. is mebul hinnso, ol O. bertar enech di sunn they could not get a man to oppose him, that is shameful, says O. it will cause loss of honour IT iii 239.132 . ni cóir enech cóicid do brith ar ái óenḟir do thesbaid díb, FB 94 . RC viii 48yz . But in a different sense: dosmbidc Cú C. a Delga connach cæmnacair anmanna de duine na chethir ronucad a ainech secha fades C.C. cast at them from Delgu so that no living thing, human or quadruped, was able to get past him unshamed (?) (i.e. without being overcome, but cf. II (b), first cit.) TBC-I¹ 1745 . It was especially harmful to one's honour to refuse a request or to fail in any of the obligations of a host; to show churlishness towards poets or minstrels: meni tuga biad im dorn | berat th'eneach, Laws v 64.22 Comm. conattecht R. in clettín ┐ nad tarddait C. in clettín dó...rádis R. nobérad ainech C., TBC-LL¹ 2068 . TBC-I¹. 1336 (enech). Otia ii 78 z (einech). Cf. O'Dav. 1527 . co mberdais enighe Erenn, Ériu v 116.50 .

do-gní e.¤ maintains (achieves, satisfies) honour, reputa- tion: ar ái óenḟir do thesbaid díb oc denam a n-enig, FB 94 ( = hoc diden a n-oinich, ZCP iv 175 ). ba fearr lais a bās ac denum a enig inās a ēlud fo mebail, Aen. 3117 . nā bīd ...dobrón fort, ar dogéntar th'ainech ┐ ní bía fo mélai (Agamemnon to Menelaus), TTr.² 551 . dia ndernad enech fíal-Ḟind when generous F.'s honour was achieved Metr. Dinds. iv 42.34 . cia enech mór dorigne ? indarbad na nGall...'s ár ar síl I., iii 200 . denu-sa mo eineach don chur-sa ma doronais mo mieineach roimi treat me honourably this time, even though thou didst treat me dishonourably before Anecd. ii 78.16 . In: asbert Agmemnón nírbó santach immon ríge...léor leis namá connerntá [ = connerta, LL 406bw ] enech na Tróianda , TTr.² 1236 , Stokes's emendation conderntá is probably right, though co n-érnta (ernaid) would also make sense. In either reading the context shows the meaning in general to be as he renders it, `that the honour-price of T. be exacted' (i.e. that they might be compelled to render satisfaction fitting to their status. Stokes compares einach .i. eneaclann, O'Cl. ).

tiagait dia tir ┐ a n-eneach leo go home with their honour secure (they had maintained their reputation) Ériu v 32 z . Cf. dobert ainech ris he saved (his) honour thereby (?) Metr. Dinds. iv 94.27 (the meaning seems to be that by reaching the spot with the stone he had given satisfaction for the crime; see p. 102 ib. ).

In adjuration: for fír th'ainich ┐ t'anma, a F., asndíth cia cruth... !, ZCP iv 43.32 . ar ghrádh th'einigh innis damh `for the love of thine honour, tell me' TD 3.43 . ar ghradh h'oinigh [sic leg.], Atlantis iv 220.33 .

aís enig people of degree, nobles: mo dímiad-sa fíad...ǽs enig, SCC 41 ( = LU 49a46 ).

(b) One's honour could be harmed by failure to fulfil a promise or a guarantee, especially a guarantee of protection. Such a lapse was equivalent to failure to protect and maintain one's `enech,' hence the transferred meaning

protection, security, guarantee: here most probably should come: mad fíu lib mo ainech-sa do breith less if you think fit that it have my protection Wb. 14a4 (the gloss is not a mere translation of ut ego eam, but supplements it by the reason for Paul's offer to accompany the collection). Similarly: ní imdidnibter ainech and no one's guarantee will be protected 15c25 (if ainech is pl. the MS. reading is correct). tucad enech Pirr friu fri[a n-] anacul, Aen. 49 . ri feallus for einech (.i. for a comuirce), Laws v 172.17 ; 168.11 ; 368.8 . MR 190.8 . (Saul has promised David his daughter if he slays Goliath:) ainige fris... | a meic Cis...! | rót biat limm anige in tslúaig | ...enech Ioseph uas cech du, | Moisi, Iacob is Iessu | henech...os cech dáil | uaisliu díb (sic leg.) Dia Abaráim pledges for it, son of Kish !...Thou shalt have from me the guarantees of the host...the guarantee of Joseph, etc. SR 5841 - 52 . nā sāraig... | Maísi, Ioséph, Iacób | nā bris báig n-airech no láech | no ainech na fer fírgáeth, 6030 . co tartar glinne ┐ enighe frinn im anacul ógh ar muinteri, TTr.² 1803 . in tan do-n-athmongar cuir tar einaige fer, Laws v 506.13 = tar enech ratha, O'Dav. 980 . Cf. ZCP xiii 23.7 = Bürgschaft 11 § 35 . Fergus... ro rir a einech ar chuirm F. who sold his honour (pledged to protect the sons of Uisnech) for ale IT i 81.7 . gai Táidhg rug C. lais chum na mbroc ar co tísdaís...amach ar enech Taidhg. tangadar na bruic chum C. ┐ do mharbh iat . dochóidh Tadhg iarsin do chaithem na fleidhe bai ag C. ┐ do ḟetir a enech do choll T.'s spear C. took with him to the badgers so that they should come out (relying) on T.'s protection. The badgers came to C. and he slew them. Afterwards T. went to eat C.'s feast, and he knew his protection had been violated Cóir Anm. 239 . can comarci acht eneach B. fein, Cog. 130.15 . ar bith ainig Ḟergusa ara tanac because thou hast come under the safeguard of F. TBC-LL¹ 1884 . conaitig C. cucu a n-eneach no a n-anmain (the fulfilment of) their guarantee or else their lives (i.e. that they should make the defaulters for whom they were pledged give satisfaction or else lose their own lives) BB 389b14 = Dinds. 78 (a n-enoch nó a n-anom). crech lasin nG....for araill do chenel E. baoi for comairce Uí Thaircheirt. rucc O Tairceirt forra... ┐ marbhthar é budh deisin ag cosnamh a einigh, AFM iii 174.10 . ii 1138.5 . vi 2208.1 . Hugh Roe 248.2 (f. 66a) . riar Maol Brighde iarsin hi ccol einicch Pádraicc satisfaction was given to M. for the violation of Patrick's protection (i.e. for invading the sanctuary of Ard Macha) AFM i 542 x . tre miorbailibh na naem isa heneach ro ṡaraigh whose protection they had violated iii 54.2 . térna imorro Ua M. do eineach Chianáin gan mharbhadh through C.'s protection ii 1016.14 . AU 1123 (ainiuch).

ar (for) inchaib under the protection of: nach ingen macdacht...nobid la hUlltai is for a inchuibseom nobitdis noco n-irailtis for feraib in his ward RC x 222.131 . a athair...sul lenus sé in chalann cuil | go mbé in t-anam ar th'ionchuib, O'Gr. Cat. 446.14 . ar fhaosamh nó ar ionchaibh ar Slánuightheóra, TSh. 2717 . a ndioghail an duinemarbhtha...ro imir sé ar na daoinibh...batar ar a ionchaibh ┐ ar a ḟosdadh under his protection and engaged for his service AFM vi 2148.1 . ar inchaib a enig, MR 248.9 . Cf. cid hē nobeith and...nangonaind-se [nomg—MS.] ar inchaib Ulad even if it were he (his own son) I would slay him in spite of (?) the Ulstermen Ériu i 118.19 . Cf. is ort as chóir a chumhal | d'agra...lucht faghla... | do losgadh mh'arbha ar th'ionchuibh GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 564 . For exx. of ar (for) i. after verb of motion, see II (c).

ar (for) enech , etc., id. (properly only after verb of motion): is commairgi dait immar thanac...ar einech... Fergusa, TBC-LL¹ 1854 . techt don anam ar h'oineach, YBL 401b8 = Dán Dé xxii 21 . cecib tan docuirethar neach uaidibh for ionchaibh aroile gurbo hiomairgidhe laisiomh dul for eineach Fhélim, Hugh Roe² 8.25 - 26 ( ff. 4b-5a ). gabh ar h'oineach mé, TD 30.26 . Here, probably: toet for m'ainech-sa, ZCP viii 311 w . Cf. in slúag-sa bar th'einech ┐ ar do chommairgi, TBC-LL¹ 6088 . ar th' eineach dhamh I dependent on thee GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 510 . mé ar h'eineach 'sar eineach nGall, Studies 1924, 243 . TD 30.25 . a milled ar t'inchaib ┐ ar t'einech `if they should be destroyed in spite of thy safeguard and thy honour' IT ii2 123.48 . Cf. dochōid for m'einech ┐ for m'anmain airec co A....co mbúaib my honour and life have been pledged ZCP iv 44.29 . d(i) inchaib by the guarantee of; by means of: co tísad slán d'inchaib a coraigechta-som ZCP iii 206.5 = LU 115b38 . forócrad do B. fácbáil in tigi de inchaib na n-atairi on the security of his guarantors FB 13 (cf. TBC-I¹ 1243 ). ro leicceadh ass...d'ionchaibh a chomairgedh, AFM ii 1072.14 . Cf. gan timdhibhe ferainn for M. gomadh fiadhnach lasna comairgibh a chion, ┐ co ffoccarthaoi slán é d'ionchaibh a chomairgedh, 1072.12 , where the sense may be different: till he should be proclaimed exempt from the protection, etc. (?), and : eirgg es... dem inchaib, RC xxv 346.14 . nod ber as dom inchaib-si, riasu ba marb-sa, ZCP i 105.24 (away from the jurisdiction, peace, of?). With fír: nod gaibim for fir mo enig ┐ mo ḟaesaim, BDD 162 .

fo e.¤ under the protection of: do Thorinis fot ainiuch Tours is under thy protection LL 367 marg. inf. = Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1912, 25. 439 § 8 .

In some contexts equivalent to (c) mercy, clemency, quarter: dober einech don bharda, AU iii 522.2 = ALC ii 224.14 = maithemh n-anacail, AFM v 1334.13 (ann. 1516) . dia ttardta eineach ┐ maithemh n-anacail dóibh quarter and protection AFM vi 207.4 . techt for eineach Uí D. ┐ a óighriar do thabairt dó to cast himself upon O'D.'s mercy AFM vi 2136.8 . ticc D. disccir diairm...amach ar ionchaibh Meic Mic M. throwing himself on M.'s mercy v 1760.12 . go ttiocfadh for ionchaibh an Iustis `would surrender to the Lord Justice' vi 2300.12 . Cf. is truagh dúinn intí...do beith i n-áit édaingen ar inchaibh a escarad at the mercy of (?) his foes Expugn. Hib. 33 . mar atá airde na neamh ós cionn na talmhan atá a oineach comhmór sin don lucht ar a bhfuil a eagla, Psalms ciii 11 . ná bíodh ann duine do ṡínfeadh oineach chuige, cix 12 . Cf. loghadh (ón einech), IGT, Decl. p. 54.15 - 16 .

In: ro láithea for biastaib | la berga cen enech (`merciless ruffians') Fél., Prol. 42 the meaning seems rather good faith and the rendering faithless ruffians is more likely.

Honour was maintained by open-handedness, bountifulness, hence the sense (d) generosity, bounty, hospitality , cf. in ruidiud tic isin gruaid...is do sin is nomen nāire. fēile immorro ainm don einech bunaid, Corm. Y 983 : ainech coitchend cáich...cen diultad ri nech, LL 148b22 = KMMisc. 268 . ba mór einech in oclaigh sin...uair nír facaib ben cen a coibchi...gilla cen a dliged dingmala...fer cen a tuarustal ┐ nír gell i n-aidci riam ní nach comaillfed i lló, Acall. 4073 . cia díb siut is ferr einech...? is ferr einech in gilla, uair issé dobeir do chāch cach ní dogeib, 4623 . ZCP vii 304 § 12 . BColm. 98.24 . Cas clothach...cloth .i. enech. ar is é nech robo mó enech ┐ ba fearr im cach ní do iarfadh nech fair, Cóir Anm. 9 . ben robudh maith deirc ┐ oineach, AFM iii 414.1 . Acall. 222 . ar mbrath oinigh gach éinḟir, TD 10.40 . ZCP viii 109.13 . Here perhaps: roddet i nArd Macha...ainech aībhda ro mmac nDé delightful hospitality (?) Ériu viii 67.15 . an t-enech sotal soichlech | brondtach díghuind derloicctech (an attribute of the chief), Ériu iv 218.17 . ar mhéid a oinigh d'aoidheadhaibh, Keat. iii 1700 . ó oineach óir is eang generosity with gold and territory Ó Bruad. ii 152.10 . With do-gní: is romhór luach an enigh cidh cia do-ni, ZCP x 51.7 . an tré ghlóir dhíomhaoin doní G. an t-eineach mór úd?, Keat. iii 957 . With concrete sense: conid hé sin enech dedenach Guairi G.'s last act of bounty ZCP iii 218 § 37 = LU 117b18 . dontí do-ní an offráil nó an t-eineach so ar na marbhaibh, TSh. 5280 (cf. 4815 ). Phr.: tré dichell damhna lusa éigin dá faghail dúinni eneach cennach `for love or money' O'Gr. Cat. 120.5 . g s. as attrib.: sluag [sic leg.] an enigh the generous ZCP x 51.13 . With pref.: dobi se fíal degh-enigh, BCC § 136 . As compar.: ni tainicc riam duine ba degh-enich inās é more generous § 157 . ni raibe...duine ba doichlighi ┐ bú droch-enigh ina in G. sin more churlish or more niggardly § 138 .

éraise

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adj useless, insignificant; void : haice .i. ecaidhe nó deroil no eraise, ut est: haice cach rath co rath tire .i....is deroil cach ni doberar isin rath co tir,...no is urusa gach rath co ferann, O'Dav. 1069 . dearbthar tuin[i]de do cetchor nadbi herisi 'let usucaption be asserted in respect of a first contract that is not defective' CIH iv 1247.20 , Peritia xvi 341 . is éraise in rét in tserc | téit a héol cen immitecht, IT i 225. 10 . As sobriquet: pn Col ┐ Accuis ┐ Eraisi...tri bandrúid TBC-LL¹ 2402 = Col ┐ Mebul ┐ Eraise, TBC-I¹ 1766 ( Gul Meabol ┐ Eris, H 2.17 , Eg. 93 ). Cf. follg.

fomámugud

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n u, m. (vn. of fomámaigid). fomhamughadh .i. umhlughadh, O'Cl. The act of subjugation, hence subjection, being subject: mebul lais ... fomamugud do he thought it shameful to be subject to him Trip. 38.6 (399) = ni bo miad lais f.¤ dia mogaid, Anecd. iii 33.29 .

2 grád

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 grád or dil.ie/26460
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n u, n. love, affection, fondness, charity : amor (gl. grad), Ir. Gl. 1081 . cardōit a caritate .i. grād, Corm. Y 282 . ro buadir in rograd hí dorat do Coinculaind, LU 3923 ( SCC 44 ). is mebul duit ... laigi fri bangrád, LU 3590 ( SCC 30 ). is grád do macalla mo grad-sae ocus mo ṡercc ... dontí da tucus, IT i 124.20 - 21 . ar med do grada, Ériu ii 89 § 9 . ar grad hoinigh for the sake of your honour, TBC-LL¹ 173 n. 13 . in mnai ba ro-mor grad lais, PH 841 . tuc grad ... do `she fell in love with him,' RC vi 184.20 . With obj. gen. : cen serc cen grád Dé accu, FA 27 (LBr.). Do gradh im cride, | do serc im anmain, Ériu ii 90 § 13 . éd tre mergrádh a mná `jealousy on account of immoderate love of his wife,' ZCP viii 108.z . in t-í ... cosna bí grád na uamun in choimded, PH 5299 . grad in t-saegail, 7757 . co ralin grada chatha cosnama crideada ... curada na Greige tré aslach an deí Mairt, TTebe 1178 . aoibhinn an galar grádh mná, Dánta Gr. 2.1 . ar grād Muire, ACL iii 241 § 3 . er grad Dia `for the love of God,' PH 7709 . ar ghrádh na bochtachta, TSh. 353 ; 399 . With prep. ar : is mōr in grād duit ar duini | nach sluic in lār uili ind, ACL iii 242 § 9 . do mhēid mo ghrādh uirthe 'such was my love for her' Celtica iv 65.8 . With fri (later re, la) : ba mó a grad fri Gargán oldait a uli cethra, PH 7178 . an tan atámuid a ngrádh re Dia in the state of grace, Donlevy 362.27 . With do : miscais in t-shaegail ┐ grád do Dia, PH 6863 . ar son a mhórghraidh dhúinn, Parrth. Anma 138.17 . apstal is moo do-rat grád ┐ seirc do'n choimdid, PH 1640 . Pl. favour, good graces : i ngrādaib icond ardríg 'in favour with the high king', SR (Greene) 3276​​ . robói i ngrádaib roríg, Metr. Dinds. iii 300.25 . nā sgáil rūn nā cogar airdrīgh ... | is ferr duit beith ina ngrādaib, ZCP vi 272 § 8 . do grad for the sake of : is écóir dóib do grad indmais no caradraidh bregc do dénum, Maund. 25 . As vn. : do thuatha oc do grád `thy peoples loving thee,' PRIA iii 548 § 18 . thugas grádh don bhfuath `I have fallen in love with hatred,' Dánta Gr. 90.1 . ní dhiongnann grádh olc don chomharsain, Romans xiii 10 . ba mōr ... in grād ┐ in scrūdadh croide a gcoimdēcsain `to behold them moved one much to charity,' Fl. Earls 98.10 . creideamh, dóthchas ná grádh Faith, Hope or Charity, Donlevy 210.9 . gan fuath nó grádh without prejudice, Donlevy Pref. x 29 . ni bhfuil aoin-ní cruaidh air an té ata a ngrádh to him who loves, ib. 470.26 . fer gráda a trusted or confidential servant : dam-sa bat fer grada, TBC-LL¹ 3058 . cuirid side fer ngrada dó do inneithiomh delba C., ACL iii 308 vi 16 . fiallach gradha retainers, CCath. 3383 . oés gráda confidants, men of trust, retainers : aes grádha Mongáin [iat] arna cur a richtaibh cléirech, Imr. Brain i 66.5 . Tadhg rí Con[n]acht do marbad ... do aes gradha fén a fill, RC xviii 18.28 . romarbait se fichit do aes gradha meic Maelsechlainn, AU ii 210.18 (an. 1187) . ar marbad a muintiri ocus aessa grada, Cog. 62.3 . Also dilecti : tráth do-bheir sealbh oighreachta dá aos gráidh féin an tan do-gheibhid bás, TSh. 2731 . dh'aos ghraidh De (= dilectis Dei, Romans i 7 ), Luc. Fid. 385.16 .

Compds. ¤chland beloved children : ar ghairi dia gradhcloinn, Leb. Gab.(i) i 62.6 . ¤fher a confidant (?) : dia fessed rūn ṅgradḟer (: rāided = ngraider, BB 151b14 ) ṅglōir, Rawl. 156b18 . ¤gemm : Mathusalem, érim ṅgrinn, | bahe in gradgemm ria ndilinn, SR 2254 . ¤greit a lovable champion , Fél. March 19 . fo gradgreit echtrann n-adrúad, SR 7194 . ¤grinn : frit' seircc ṅgraidgrinn is mé Issau, ib. 2879 . ¤oll : atreab n-alaind crotha gradhuill, Anecd. i 71 § 188 . ecosc na loc (sic leg.) crotha gradhuill n-aluind n-ile, ib. 51 § 2 . samtha graduill (cheville), EaB ii 784 § 22 .

2 gres(s)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 gres(s) or dil.ie/26612
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n ā, f.

I an attack, a hostile encounter, an onset : trom immorro in gress rolasat `... the attack they delivered,' RC viii 56.9 . amnass ... in gress rollasat, RC xiii 456.17 . díghaltach greise a champion (i.e. the avenger of an aggression), MR 310.18 . is mo art fine 'ca focul | bith 'sa cath ag tnúthgreis, Fianaig. 82.6 . locud mo gréise (greisi v.l.) ceníl `shrinking from my tribal attack' ?, O'Dav. 581. . .. na greiss gúir | noberad leis cenn Saúil, SR 6395 . is gnáth iar ngreiss co torud | bág fri feiss fri fledugud, Metr. Dinds. iii 350.39 . cipē bess for greiss whosoever be attacking, RC xiii 114.12 . do foillsighedh iofrann dó, go ngreis d'anmannaibh adhuathmura ann `with an onset ...,' BNnÉ 185 § 19 . gress fola fordergi ... do ferthain asin nell sin `an onrush of crimson blood,' RC xxviii 310 § 7 . (m.?) īar ngreis galach | cen anad ropo leis Ailech, Arch. Hib. ii 49 § 24 . greis .i. orgain, O'Cl. pl. arfich a n-gressu, LU 8313 ( FB 23 ). dóeme a mmórgressa ocus a mmóraurgala, ib. 8148 ( FB 11 ). doberot side gressa an cathae do Lugh, RC xii 83 § 83 . isé in mac-sa ferfas bar ngresa uile, ZCP v 504.5 . ce do-rairg gressa don phurt, Sc.M² 22.8 . am chur fri chruaidhghreasaibh, Todd Lect. iv 98.15 ( CRR² 39 ). Gnáth-hūaraib ar gressaib gal | glenaid luch inna lín-sam, GOI ii 40 § 4 ( Thes. ii 293.20 ). ria ṅgressaib athar Solman, ZCP iii 22.20 ? = 1 grés. i n-éagmais a ndearnadh do ghreasuibh (sic leg. ; ghrasuibh, MS) ┐ d'ionnsaighthuibh, Ériu i 80.22 . Scīath ... co ngēire ngus agus ngreas, ZCP viii 227 § 7.

II an attack on the honour, an insult, an injury : is fēli dō ... a imfolach, intan teithes ria nōenḟer ; ol nīpo mōo a greis (gress, LU) do andās do Ultaib archena, TBC-I¹ 1268 . combai cen diamra fo greis, SR 6714 . docain co glerdaith cen greis, 1021 . ba gress ┐ ba imdergad mór dont shlúag anísin, RC viii 50.13 . díl gresse d'emain t'óen-rosc `one of thy eyes is a satisfaction for my insult,' Metr. Dinds. iii 342.56 . ba gress don deóra dagḟir | a chuit feóla i n-óenmagin, ib. 162.11 . ri cen grain, cen gris, cen greiss (: eisleis), SR 2561 . .iii. lecca liss Luigdech .i. gress ┐ ruicci ┐ mebul , RC xxiii 324.30 . cach gres, cach enechruice, is for cintaib treisi ata, Laws i 162.x . coic seoit ina díriu do neoch iss gress do dia eneclann, iv 308.25 . i n-digail (sic leg.) na greise truime tucadh ar a enec, ib. 66.32 . dígal greise avenging an injury or insult, vendetta : aire echta, is é side condera a gresa, O'Dav. 637 . airi echta in tAengus Gabuaidech ac dígail greisi ceniuil a tuathaib Luigne, Laws iii 82.8 . forimtecht digla do greise, ib. v 296.19 . boi Oengus ic dígail gressi ceneoil i cociud Conacht, LU 4344 . nocha rabha dioghal greis na treis for lar Breghmhaighe, AFM i 360.12 (an. 758) . digaltach greise a champion : cid cia fer uaind budh beó de, | nách budh díghaltach greise, MR 310.18 .

III an essay, an attempt, a bout, a turn, the amount of any thing done at a time (? also m. in this sense) : cé dogénsam ainmne uime | frisin cédgreis (: ēislis) upon the first offence (?), ACL iii 295 § 22 . greas for indeoin striking on an anvil, Laws v 474.1 ; 486.24 . Colam Collereach gaba na tri fhuargres `of the three cold strokes,' ib. 472.7 Comm. Goibniu goba faciebat hastas fri teōra gresa, ┐ ba fēith in tress gress, Corm. Y 975 = fria teorai gressai, RC xii 92.z . ata gobae liond cenai .i. Colum Cuaolléinech teorae nua-gres `of the three new processes,' RC xii 76.10 . grod-greasa gaibnige le h-ordaibh keen blows of smithcraft with hammers, MR 238.7 . do ghlac an ghreis mharcuigheachta ar feadh an fhaid cheadna, ITS i 36.12 . gnathaigheadh a mothrach re greas do laeib iad let him take them early for a certain number of days, 23 P 10³, 65a17 . mar mhnáibh dá ngáirinn greasa if, like women, I were to get fits of shrieking, Ó Bruad. ii 242.y .

immanair, immonair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. immanair, immonair or dil.ie/27712
Last Revised: 2019

 

(? cf. immallé, immanetar) adv. in the phrase, do-beir, do-roich ... i.¤ brings about, causes to come to pass: ag tabairt chogaidh mánair etar na dáinibh, Cóir Anm. § 186 ​= manair (manuire, fanair, v.ll.), Cóir Anm.² i 116 § 170 . atagur gním mor do thabairt i.¤ `I fear to set a great deed a-going,' TTr. 850. ar bid móti a mebul ... dún a tabairt immánair mena beram i calad `for if we bring it not into harbour, our disgrace ... will be the greater from our having set it a-going,' 851 . ni ḟil uaibsi fer gaeth ... nach tol in tinól ... do thabairt i.¤ `who does not wish to set this gathering going,' 921 . ni tard nech doibsin imanair fortacht `not one of them was able to give relief,' Cog. 52.5 . da tuccadh si immonair anmanna in locta ... do todusccadh, CCath. 4094. ni leicci a torractain immonair tre bithiu `thou lettest it never come to pass,' 4042 .

lecc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lecc or dil.ie/29691
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: leac, lecmuig, lecmaid

n ā, f. leac, IGT Decl. § 158.

(a) flat slab of rock or stone (freq. quailfied by lomm), flagstone, paving-stone: forruim a choiss forsind leicc, Thes. ii 310.2 ( Hy. ii 8 ); glossed . . . forsin chloich, Thes. ii 310.19 . foaid for leicc luim, 315.6 ( Hy. ii 31 ). leacc cloiche uas a chind (of a saint in his cell), Fél. 246.28 . l.¤ .i. ar lēict[h]ir sīs ┐ sūas hí. Nō lē bīd secc, Corm. Y 831. ros dechraig dó for licc glain / cach luib, SR 1925 . lecca . . . tentidi for lár in muigi sin . . . con loiscfed oenl.¤ díb in domun uli, IT i 191.8 - 9 (FA LB). adba l.¤ ṅgér Ross na mBrocc, LL 298a36 . dogó . . . lecca, léiccis cráobha (of Colum Cille), ZCP viii 198 § 16 . ag íarraidh bhric . . . / fa lic, IGT Decl. ex. 2025 (prov.). ris an leic do bhí a bhruinne / Rí an chruinne dá reic rinne (i.e. He was prostrate?), Dán Dé vii 10 . rinn lasrach leice Ifrinn, DDána 10.41 . an bhruidhean nach cuirre cnoc / do tuigheadh nach luime leac was so roofed that no flagstone was smoother, 119.32 . ar n-iompódh leice móire . . . dochum dhoruis an túama, Matthew xxvii 60 . gusin leic gcoimhlethain mharmair for ar lēicedh corp S. Laurāis, Fl. Earls 194.18 . pabhal .i. leaca, Eg. Gl. 510. ? leac ubhuill, ITS v 160.24 (leaca, MS.). By extension of a metal covering: teg talman foí anís ┐ l.¤ imdaṅgen íarnaide fair-side, MU² 809. Fig. condaecmaing dar leic a hochta do Ecsi ilgradhaigh, Anecd. ii 54.1 . do ghoin an leic air mo lár, 23 G 24, 326.9 . ar leic luim an lóir-ghníomha, TSh. 829. Of stone tablets for writing on (but see Bergin, Ériu xii 217 ): dicetul na filedh .i. i lecaib `in inscriptions', Laws i 38.4 Comm . do scrib-sum iat a lecaib ┐ i tuiblib `slates', iii 88.16 Comm . anmanna dá threibh dhéag I. do sgríobhadh ar dhá leic—sé treabha ar gach leic dhíobh, TSh. 450. Confused with lia, q.v.: líog mhór mharmuir ag an slógh / bhí meádhachan na leice ortha anuas, Oss. iv 276.19 . an chuid aca bhí fán lic shíos, 21 . roscrib i taiblibh ┐ i llegaibh, Auraic. 44 = lecaiph, 2329 . Attrib. g s.: fochen Conall / cride licce, Sc.M² 15 .

With qual. g s.: beir let licc clochi . . . / co rucsa limm, licc n-aili, SR 1593 . daurthach bec . . . ┐ l.¤ cloiche ara belaib side, LL 287b43 .

(b) Of the bed-rock underlying earth or water: co ngeiltis a ḟér . . . co grian ┐ co leccaibh loma secha sís, ZCP v 501.2 . fogeltat eich C. fér co húir ┐ connici na lecga lomma, TBC-LL¹ 551 (= na clocha, TBC-I¹ 249 = LU 4735 ). cach inber . . . ba lecca lomma lántirma dara n-éis, MU² 274 . gus an leic ainmhín, aggairbh . . . os ur eassa ruaidh `rocky ford', AFM vi 2030.z .

(c) tombstone: fo leic na rīgh at reileic, Ériu ii 166.44 . a lec-sa leptha Gúaire, 164.21 , cf. 166.29 . gabais . . . lāidh oc in leicc amail no beith Fergus bēo ann, ACL iii 5.y . gnúis Derbfhorgaill fo licce leirg, Ériu v 212.103 . an leac farbh' éigin dheit dul (to Christ), Dán Dé xxviii 30 . mo chorpán fán lic, Keat. iii 1666 (cit.). leac, túma a sepulchre , Eg. Gl. 437.

(d) altar-stone: dufáid a l.¤ inna degaid hisin tailich sair, Trip.² 781 (= lapis altaris, Colgan, Trias Thaum. 130a ). foracaib Patraic fairend dia muntir occa licc i nDomnach Patraic, Trip.² 788 . ar gcur na haltóra ar uisge / . . . / tig an leac tre lár na mara, PBocht 10.46 .

(e) kneading-slab: bla cumaile lec ┐ losat, Laws iii 274.18 . in ní fora certaigenn a fuine . . . .i. a lec fuine, iv 10.23 Comm .

(f) l.¤ aigreta, l.¤ aigrid (later oidrid, oidre), l.¤ ega ice-floe, sheet of ice, ice : sruth snechta . . . co leccaib oigreta, IT i 191.31 (FA LB). geisidh lec uar aighreta / ag maidm tria gáir na Gairbe, Anecd. ii 24 § 10 . co ndechatar for leicc oíghridh a n-Inis Mochta, RC xvii 365.z (Tig.). aigh anacnata . . . go n-imthiaghdais . . . locha ┐ aibhne . . . arna lecaibh eagha, AFM iv 900.z . buinne lán do lic oighridh, IGT Decl. ex. 2024 . do fhás leac oighre . . . ar an sruth, Atlantis iv 142.z . blodh mór de leic-oighreadh, Eochairsg. 112.14 .

(g) In names of particular stones: tanic . . . for licc na ṅgíall i nEmain Macha, TBC-LL¹ 4725 (corresp. to Duma na ṅG., TBC-I¹ 2987. Cf. Dinds. 1 § 12 , § 13 ). Lec Patraic . . . .i. L.¤ Cathraigi fora n-ordnigtea na rig ic Caissel, Lat. Lives 55.8 . Raith guth aird, in baili adta Lec Patraic aniu, Laws i 2.4 Comm . ráncatar . . . conici in Licc . . . ca hainm na glasslicci móri seo? Lecc Commairt Chnáma sin . . . uair is furri brisfiter do chnáma-su, RC xiii 66 § 68. Of coronation stone at Tara (see also s.v. 1 lía): téid dá reic re taobh Teamhrach / Aodh Eanghach ag Leic Luighdhech, L. Cl. A. B. 71.4 . Cf. a Líg Luighdheach, 72.24 . do-gheibhthear a labhra ó leic Laoghaire, DDána 109.5 . ar Leic na Ríogh, Keat. iii 168.

(h) Meaning obscure in phr. Lecca Lis (Luigdech): leacht Conrúi hi Sleib Mis / lecht Lugdach fo leccaib leis (glossed: .i. e féin ro marb hi cumaid a mna), RC xxiii 319 § 10 = lecht Luighdech fo leccuib liss (glossed: .iii. lecca liss Luigdech .i. gress ┐ ruicci ┐ mebul ), 324 § 10. mani betis Leca Luigdech Lis / eoin bic Baile rot betis, LL 18197 (= mainbad . . . , ZCP viii 107.6 glossed .i. ruici ┐ athis). Cu Chulaind do bith i n-iṅgnais / dirsan menbad leca lis, LL 14479 ( Ériu v 210.51 ). menbad leca lis Lugdach / lasa rumnad cach ṅderba / ba romoch ar n-étarba / fri mac na Tri Find Emna, LL 14480 ( Ériu v 210.52 ). ? Cf. .iii. bellum in hoc anno gesta uno, et possito ergense ecc leccam lias, AU 532 (i 44.12) . See lega.

Common in nn. loc., see Hog. Onom.

(i) l.¤ ós crú, name of a defect in horses: lec os cru, Laws iii 6.6 Comm . labram annso do bacaide coss deirid na n-ech .i. cnaimspedain . . . ┐ lec os crua, Celtica ii 52 § 20 (`ossification of the lateral cartilages', note).

Of stone in the kidney: l.¤ in árain gl. lapi[s] fulta, Ir. Gl. 246.

(j) Metaph. in Laws of something which is irreversible, `an act or deed which binds the persons indissolubly', O'Don. Suppl.; period of prescription(?) (but see Bergin, Ériu xii 217 ): is i cetna leac astuga (leg. astuda) cacha sealba, a lan logh; is i in leac aile, a hubairt ar anmain; is i in leac aile, a torind do flaith, Laws v 498.9 , 10 (i.e. the three `leca' that make binding (a transfer of) ownership are that its full value was paid for the property, that it was given as an offering to the Church for prayers for the dead, or that it had been marked out by the ruler). cetna leac .i. in cetna luige .i. ar is e in cetna ni amail lic, astus dilsi caca feraind . . . in leac aile .i. in luige aile . . . amail leic, 500.2 Comm . cisne tri leaca robaid nad fuaslaici dliged na fuigeall, na fasach, na fir n-aicnig? Eibirt nemda, . . . ; chis comdidean fria triar; sendliged forrsaide sine sencuimne, 450.1 Comm . ní bi lec robuich (sic) cach fuirech forécnech forcible detention does not constitute a lecc robuid, O'Curry 428 ( H 3.18, p. 233a ). duruth cét bliadain. ruthrod tri cóeccait bith .cc. robith .ccl. lecc .ccc. . . . ochtrach .dcccc., O'Curry 21 ( H 3.18 p. 9b ). ate a tri ro-suidiche (leg. -igthe) deimnigthe cach deirb-dilse do comed,—leac leanmanach, no chuir, no ratha inforais, Laws v 498.5 . leac leanmanach .i. leic (?lēic) leis a somaine ó bias amlaidh sin, O'D. 1340 ( E 3.5, p. 19 ).

COMPDS. With adj. ¤bán: assa lár l. `white-paven', Metr. Dinds. iv 82.27 (of Coire Breccáin). With subst. ¤cloch: in dorus ele . . . ┐ lathar (= lóthar) leccchloiche fair a stone trough, Mer. Uil. 226 . ¤aile fence of flat stones(?): ind leacaile apaidhe, IT iii 102 § 186 (but see EIS 238 ). ¤mag flag-strewn plain : mac in Leithdeirg don Lecmaig (: Bretnaig), ITS xxxix 176 § 27 (lechtmair, lecmuig, lecmaid, etc., v.ll.). See brath, bél.

mebal, mebul

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mebal, mebul or dil.ie/31708

 

Forms: mebul, meabhal, meabhla, Mebul, meblæ

n ā, f., O.Ir. n s. mebul (Glosses; but mebuil, Ml. 138c8 ). meabhal (meabhail incorrect), g s. meabhla, IGT Dec. § 37. In late Mid. and Mod.Ir. also o, m.

(a) a cause of shame, a disgrace: dinim .i. mebal nó aisc, O'Mulc. 335. meabhal .i. nár, O'Cl. In Glosses used as pred. with cop. in expressions: is m.¤ dom it is a cause of shame to me ; is m.¤ limm I am ashamed . arnap mebul domsa mo irbāg (gl. ne . . . erubescamus), Wb. 16d11 . 24a30 . is mebol damsa . . . mani fuil imorbága I am put to sshame unless there is a contest, LU 1472 ( MU 48.23 ). is mebul duit . . . laigi fri bangrád, SCC 30. is mebul dom imrādud a mét élas uaimm shame to my thoughts how they stray from me! Ériu iii 14.2 . ní mebul do Ultaib uli a thabairt dó to award it to him (i.e. Cú Ch.) would be no slur on all the (other) Ulstermen, FB 14. nach mebhal doibh féin an cuairt?, Cog. 98.35 . ní mebul lemm precept soscéli ( = non erubesco evangelium), Wb. 1b10 , cf. 29d18 , 30a6 . is mebul leu in tan nad rucat they are ashamed when . . ., Ml. 87c3 . ba mebul lē dul issi torruch, IT i 139.29 . ba mmebul lee buith donaib ócaib cen biad she was ashamed that the youths were left without food, LL 249b6 ( TBFr., Med. and Mod.Ir. Ser. v 136 ), cf. ZCP iv 37.18 . beith a mbochta ní mebol poverty is no disgrace, ACL iii 321 § 6. Col ┐ Mebul ┐ Eraise, TBC-I¹ 1766 (allegor. npr. f.). ní dénat acht mebáil indiu they are acquitting themselves shamefully (of discomfited warriors), LU 1513 = MU 52.8 . cen ruci cen mebail, FA 35. cách a ndénaidh frisin ingin do mhebail (mebhul .i. olc) all the wrong you do the maiden, ZCP v 524.20 . comét mo lāma . . . nar chlechtat . . . atchuingid fo mebail lest they be accustomed to seek what is shameful, ZCP vi 259 § 8. ní hosnad iar mbebail . . . is ósnad iar mbúaid (i.e. after discomfiture), FB 89. g s. caint meblæ , O'Mulc. 203. rūn meblai, ACL iii 306 § 9. mod mebla, LL 144a26 .

(b) transf. in concrete sense pudenda: mebul [meabhul, mebal MSS.] .i. ball bannda na mna . . . do dechsain a mebla .i. a náire, O'Dav. 1264 = a mebuil, 1225 .

(c) deceit, guile, treachery (common later meaning): brecc nó m.¤ , O'Mulc. 789. meabhal .i. feall, O'Cl. brég (.i. cealg nó mebhul), ZCP v 524.29 . Brēg ┐ Meng ┐ Meabal, Corm. Y 723. doronsat Saxain mebuil for Bretnu, LU 234 , cf. Todd Nenn. 102.2 . feall ┐ meabal . . . do dénum air, Fianaig. 70.5 . meabal ar Sil M. la Murchertach treachery (was practised) on, RC xviii 15.26 (Tig.). Dondchadh . . . do marbadh la hA. . . . a mebuil treacherously , xvii 337.6 , cf. AFM i 484.15 ( = dolose, CS 152.18 ). a mac do marbadh la Hua C. tre meabul, RC xviii 192.36 . ro ferad faeilti gan meing gan mebail re C., Acall. 6902. lucht fingaile ┐ mebla, RC xxviii 318 § 30. crech meabla `a treacherous foray', AU ii 114.4 . aisling meabhuil an illusive vision, O'Rah. vi 1 (1911). chum meabhla do dhénamh air a sheirbhíseachaibh `to deal subtilly with', Psalms cv 25. The follg. exx. may represent (a): m.¤ fo t[h]uinn [sic leg. ?] fosluide, cid fīada fuilt ḟindbuidi ( = `beauty is only skin-deep'), ZCP vi 267 § 3. tuilledh ele as dliccedh duibh, | mart, muc is molt gan meabail `without deceit', BNnÉ 269.16 (but cf. do gadadh úam mart meabhla, IGT Dec. ex. 963 ).

mebul

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mebul or dil.ie/31717

 

x see mebal.

1 ná, na

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ná, na or dil.ie/32899

 

Forms: na, na, ná, nach

adv. of negation used with imperative and perfective subj. (in Mid.Ir. also with simple subj.) to express prohibition. In O.Ir. generally written na; Mid.Ir. na, ná; mod. ná. Prefixes h to a follg. vowel. With an inf. pron. 2 nach is used.

(a) with imper.: na ba thoirsech, gl. noli erubescere, Wb. 29d19 . na bad mebul lat, ib. 18 . na cuinged a thoil fessin, 11b18 . na anam di dénum maith let us not desist, 20c14 . ná bat nacha arm aili let it not be any other arms, 22d14 . na imresnad let him not gainsay, Ml. 139a12 . ná teig dochum nAdaim, SR 1152. na dénaid friu . . . cuibdi, 4843 . na briss lugi, TBC-LL¹ 3507. ná buail do choin, Acall. 582. na hadair dee bréci, PH 7310. napadh ingnadh lib-si sin, CCath. 5145. nammongonad d'Ultaib, IT i 73.7 (= na immangonad impers.).

Exceptionally with inf. pron. obj.: nat-saebthar be not deceived, PH 1794.

(b) with subj., freq. with ro: na badat lond-su be not angry, TBC-LL¹ 1106. nárbat buainscélach, Acall. 596. nársat ingnech, 598 . ná ro tréice do ruire, 592 . nar-bar dúrcridig, SR 4842 (2 pl. cop.).

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