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áitt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áitt or dil.ie/2826
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: átt, áttaib, átachad, áitt

n f. Perh. orig. átt ā, f., cf. d p. áttaib, Críth G. 173 , átachad, IGT Verbs § 106 . See Mac Airt, Celtica iii 263 . Vendr. Lex. Lochlann ii 213 .

(a) place, situation, position, dwelling: hi cech ait isin chathrig, Ml. 68a13 . co cach inchruth a thige inna áttaib córaib with all the furniture of the house in its proper positions, Críth G. 173 . ni fuair ait forstarrasad (of the Ark), SR 2572 . ro facsat ait na scainnre do S., CCath. 3697 . áit buailte do thabhairt dóibh a place for defeating them, Mac Aingil 1748 . arna shuidhiughadh san áit is onóraighe don chlár, TSh. 855 . na háiti d'folmughadh, IGT Decl. ex. 723 . a buird 'na n-áitibh gá n-uaim planks being joined in their places (of a building), DDána 119.35 . anuidh an connsuine bog na áit féin remains unchanged, IGT Introd. 26.31 .

Abode, dwelling: ra curit ina n-aitib ┐ ina n-imdadaib (of men after feasting), CRR 20.2 . a hait ┐ a hadba, TTebe 186 . do chuaidh gach aon díobh d'a ait (bhaile v.l.) féin, ZCP iv 400.19 . techit na harrachta asa n-attib, PH 743 . aitte (háit v.l.) cumhsanaidh lair (of an animal), BNnÉ 317 § 5 . hi senáitibh slechta Conuill Chernaigh in the hereditary seats of the race of C., AFM vi 2186.12 . anmhain ar ar n-aitibh fein in our own districts, O'R. Poems 3906 .

Passage (in a book): gibé thuigfeas na háite do haithleigheadh linn, Eochairsg. 111.1 . do réir na háite sin (in Bible), TSh. 22 . léaghthar san áit chéadna, 285 . ar lorg na háite-se san Leabhar Ghabhála, Keat. ii 796 .

Perh. crossing-place of a river in: hae aite (in a list of things (on private property) of which there is no exclusive ownership) i.e. salmon seen at a river-crossing can be appropriated (?), Laws v 482.23 (see Mac Airt loc. cit.). Or w.r.t. the location of one's house, EIF 286-87 . Or áe as in the plant-name áe aba, Peritia xvi 390-92 ; see 1 áe.

In phr. á.¤ i n- as conj. where: a tírib beó ait inna bí bás, LU 9996 . ait hi funend grían where the sun sets, 3691 ( SCC 33 ). áit i mbaí a h-adba inmain, Sc.M² 24 (e) . áit i comraicfead díabolnámaid, BDD² 733 . lige Fergusa maic Rōic āitt in rohadnacht ar Mag nĀi, ACL iii 3.3 . áit i farggab C. . . . a chend .i. cenn-áitt F., TBC-LL¹ 2915 . tomaidm Linmuine edón Locha Echach áitt dollégad síl nD., RC xvi 413.16 (Tig.). áit ar marbhadh C., Keat. iii 2545 . Note also: áit mal connairnechtatar where they met, TBC-LL¹ 1441. 1565 .

Combines with interrog. to give cáit where (in dependent and direct questions) (perh. a modification of O. Ir. cote, see Mac Airt, loc. cit.): ní fes do Galafas cait a ndeachaidh, RC x 185.9 . do c[h]uireadar fesa da fhis cáit a rabatar, ML² 911 . cait hir-raibe?, PH 201 . cāit a fhuil Finn?, ML² 1492 .

(b) place formerly occupied by someone or something: ní fuaradar acht a ait ann they found the place empty, ZCP vi 76.13 . do níd áit leabhar dona tuatadhaib they take the place of books (of images), Ó Héodhusa 143.12 . fear a áite his successor, Mac Aingil 6004 . cead . . . an easbuig . . . nó fhir áiti delegate , 4389 . fear āite Chriosd, Parrth. Anma 2934 . do dhiúltuigh . . . ar gealladh d'oifig is d'fhurthacht is d'áit dó place, office (of an Irish chief who resisted the bribes of the government), Hackett xl 192 . imprint, mark: co fil āit a beōil isin c[h]loich fóss ann, BColm. 64.8 . lorg cneadh ┐ áit áladh, DDána 54.9 . Hence in phrase i n-á.¤ with gen.: nach faicim acht fís . . . i n-áit an mhóir-eoluis cheirt instead of, Content. xvi 87 . mar íoc i n-áit an tsochair `as requital for those benefits', ix 26 .

(c) In phrase of doubtful meaning do áitt , diait, diad etc. See Mac Airt loc. cit.: Ri ro sáer Iacob do aitt / do láim Isau meicc Isaic, SR 7313 . teine do áitt etc., for exx. see 1 teine.

cíall

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cíall or dil.ie/8983
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: cíal, ciall

n ā, f. IGT Decl. § 39 . Also somet. cíal in O. Ir. Glosses and in poetry. nessu célaib .i. nesso ciallaib, LL 24378 . cēill: budéin, ZCP xiii 245.6 .

(a) Of persons sense, intelligence, mind : nípí ciall la nech dogní insin, Wb. 29b11 . druáilnithe a ciall gl. corrupti mente, 30c18 . nad mbí ciall la nech disluindi dliged remdeicsen `has no sense', Ml. 50d1 . nech lasnabi ciall, 50d2 . co mber[at] á céill n-erru, 20b11 . co céill ┐ chond, LU 3910 ( SCC 42 ). rom-snáidet . . . / cund, céill, curp com anim, Fél. Ep. 52 . nocho fom' cheil-si / dochuaidh do chial, IT iii 93.22 . leig as in drochciall fora tai ┐ dena mu chomairli-sea `folly', Aen. 576 . it ferr cīalla oldās cīall two heads are better than one, ZCP xi 86 § 42 . ni techta cond 'na ceill fo-mic, Laws v 510.4 ( ciall . . . fomac, SM Facs. 1b ) glossed ciall codnaid, 20 . tanic trell dia ceill, LU 4029 ( SCC 48 ). ar ḟebas do chrotha ┐ do ceille, 8226 ( FB 17 ). bae c.¤ dunetta aice (of Dond Cúailnge), TBC-LL¹ 6162 . ní réid la céill mbuirp in se `uncouth intelligence', Blathm. 159 . Mugain miadmas co morchéil, TFerbe 824 . in tan . . . roaisicc Dia a chell dó, Grail 3750 . ata saillechta cella (sic) do (of a minor), Laws ii 46.18 Comm. Ailbhe í ar chéill 's ar chuimhne, DDána 99.2 . seacht gcathaoireacha céille (of the daughters of Humility), 55.15 . cíalla glice na ngente, Celtica i 96.260 . dá chrádh céille éadair ann a twofold grief of mind is to be found therein (of death of chieftain), DDána 110.16 . ar mearughadh céilli, Mac Aingil 111 . com[h]lán i ccéll ┐ a ccorp `sound of mind and body', RSClára 114b .

More particularly wisdom, good sense, skill : rángadar na teachta re céill, ┐ re conailbhe, ┐ le hairmhidin `wisely(?)' (`charged with submission'), ML 104.22 . ar sith, as tre cheill do righneadh, Leb. Gab.(i) 12.16 ( Lec. 272 vb26 ) = iar sisd is iar ceill dorigneadh, BB 23a16 . in rigan ecnaid óg ḟial / tochur ria no co degciall, LL 19297 . tre cell ┐ tre comairli, CCath. 6161 . cend comhairle ┐ céille . . . Connacht (of dead chieftain), AFM ii 1132.8 . Of course of action, ní c.¤ with Vn. it is unwise to, it is imprudent to: nior chiall bheith ag ar mbrosdadh sensible thing, Aithd. D. 3.6 . ní ciall déanamh dearmaid, DDána 14.13 . ní fhuil chéill id dhearadh dhún `twere senseless of Thee to disown me', Aithd. D. 77. 31 . níor chiall uadh it was not wise of him, Ériu i 97.30 .

In transf. sense of a person: gabh, a chiall, mo chomairghe, DDána 67.6 .

(b) Of bodily senses: do chiallaib gl. ad sensus, Sg. 139a1 . cóig cialla cuirp `his five senses', Ériu xvi 135 § 56 . maithi a roisc na nabocc maithi a cialla, v 236.83 . mo chúig cialla 'gum brath bíd, Dán Dé ix 3 . Of feelings, emotions : srian léd chéill níor chuireabhair, Content. xxiii 5 . do oscail se a cial, Smaointe B. Chr. 5250 . Cf. ní frith luth seirce sóerligi / na celle conom thicse, LU 8329 ( FB 24 ).

(c) In a variety of more general applications intention, cause, reason, idea : in chiall toḟaiscthe `der Verstand des Herauspressens' (one of the cóic conara fugill), Cóic Con. 24 § 24 . rinne nir chuimseach a ciall (of a monster), Duan. F. i 79.9 `intention regarding' (Gloss.). flaith nime d'Eochagān (sic leg.) ān / is lān a chridhe dia chēill attention, ACL iii 308 § 32 . fa clé an chiall a perverse intention, Dán Dé xxvi 29 . ann adlecthar mesi fein / . . . rim cheill `with my consent', Fen. 304.8 . cion na sainte / . . . ag sin ciall chaillte na hanma (of the sin of avarice), Dán Dé xxxi 37 . ar iomad ele do chialluibh certa `for . . . many other just reasons', RSClára 95a . ní gan chéill do adhuin t'fhíoch, Aithd. D. 84.27 . caidhe nach córa an chiall `how much greater reason', RSClára 104a . ciall mo gháiri ní léir linn, O'Gr. Cat. 346.34 .

(d) Of words, texts, etc. signification, meaning: ciarid-beram a céill though we express their sense, Sg. 26b2 . immaircide frisin ceill `suitable to the sense', Ml. 27d22 . sechis in chiall gl. intentio (psalmi), 61a29 . forsin dib ciallaib fil isind emulari , 56b37 . huare is lán chiall indib chenae gl. huiuscemodi verba non egent casu, Sg. 140b3 . issí inso sís a chiall gl. est sensus, Ml. 50c1 . a folad ┐ in chiall gl. vis et significatio, Sg. 27a8 . ni lugae mbis ind menme hisin cheill `the thought is no less occupied with the meaning', Mon. Tall. 39 . etir cheill ┐ fhogur, LB 241a marg. inf. iar ceill Cirine in Jerome's meaning (of the word), Hib. Min. 9.292 . do-ghén . . . míniughadh céille ar an rádhsa, IGT Introd. 24.12 . re saoibh-chiallaibh `by foolish etymologies', Content. v 8 . ag buain ceille maithe ass, BCC 300.31 . cialla na n-aislingedh, Grail 2679 .

Of grammatical forms force, function, meaning : hua cheill gníma ┐ chesta, Sg. 77a7 . ciall sechmadachti `the sense of a past', Ml. 98c10 . chiall ainsedo, 67d24 . is ilar són hua cheill `it is plural in sense', 45b20 . aithne ar chíalluibh uathaidh ┐ iollraidh, IGT Introd. 2.16 .

(e) In phrases. slán céill safe and sound: no theighdis slan ceill dia tigh, Blathm. 38 . ní ris sís slán céill, BS 72.20 . for (ar) céill in one's senses: mairg dobēradh cath don fēin / da mbet ar cēill, Fianaig. 80.1 . intan nobid Comgan for ceill, Ériu v 20.7 . airis for ceill, MR 8.16 . guais nach bear ar chéill choidhche `I may never have sense', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxix 2 . cond céille = c.¤: nír chond ceille in col, LL 4378 . arnacha-ndechrad a chond ceille, TBC-LL¹ 1709 . c.¤ chodnaig: ecodnach da frisciter ciall codnaigh `who is expected to come to the use of reason', Laws iii 156.25 Comm. iar tiachtain ceilli codnaig do, v 218.23 Comm. ciall chapaill little or no sense, Mac Aingil 6140 . in ti ac na bi faitechus ceille use of reason, Laws v 508.22 Comm. ( SM Facs. 1b ). táinic an chiall bhreugach chuige .i. an codladh, ITS v 38.23 . étrommae céille loss of reason, insanity : táinic édtruma chéille . . . dó, CF² 450 . Cf. édromacha chéille, Luke xxiv 11 . In chevilles: dia do chéill, DDána 54.15 . fo chiall `good the sense', Blathm. 19 .

Phrases with vbs. do-alla, gataid, benaid, céill di gives up (hope of), despairs of: talsat a céill di ṡaíre, LL 31490 (TTr.). antan . . . tallus mo chéill dia thorbu dam, Ériu iv 134.10 . See 1 do-alla. iar ngait cheilli dia n-anmain `after losing all hope of life', ZCP i 406.11 . See gataid. do ben gach neach díbh ciall dá anmain, CF² 736 . iar m-ben . . . do chelli dia bethaid, LB 143a33 . ba buan ceille do chabhair, Stair Erc. 1537 . mairg bheanas chéill don chruinne (`to try to understand'), Magauran 643 . ben do cheill . . . dot tir ┐ dot talmain exi de terra tua, Lism. L. 707 . See benaid. See díscaíl. With cuirid: gur bo marb mórán do clandaib C. ar cur céille do'n cathimresan (`after the effort of screwing themselves up for the fight'), Caithr. Thoirdh. 127.24 . tráth do chuirset céill do'n cath (`when they were baulked of the fray'), 128.1 . Note further: do chuaidh a ciall do'n cathírghail they lost hope of, Caithr. Thoirdh. 99.15 .

do-cuirethar ar chéill (for céill) calls to mind: torala Dia ar cheill do degnimu `let God bring to mind', Ml. 43b15 . intan forathmentar ┐ docuredar ar céill `when it is . . . kept in mind', Ériu ii 136 § 122 . tachraid forcéill ┐ airem daib seanchassai . . . bar múinntire, Alex. 191 . na healtain do chor ar céill / as blogh d'ḟertaibh in ḟíréin, IGT Decl. ex. 303 . With difft. constr. foceird mo ceill im drungo, LMU 17 (Eg.) `my reason is agitated about the hosts', (LMU2). Later with cuirid and personal object recalls to reason, to sense : a chur ar céill gér chás deacair (of conversion of St. Augustine), DDána 59.11 . meisge an phobail . . . / ní hobair mná a chura ar céill `to bring them to reason', PBocht 9.23 . buime an leinbh (sic leg.) gá gcur ar céill (of Mary consoling the holy women), 13.15 .

cuirid i céill expounds, proves, declares : ní mór dod mhaith chuire a ccéill, Bard. Synt. Tr. 228.17 . lá in Chairn a gcéill cuirfidhear `will be ever remembered', O'Hara 123 . cuir-se i gcéill `explain', A. Ó Dálaigh xlix 10 . as fer tengtha (sic leg.) eile do chuiredh a ceill dó gach ní da n-abradh C.C. ris, BCC 262.32 . m'éigse i gcéill muna chuirinn, Aithd. D. 46.4 . cuir do bhagar i gcéill thuaidh / más ann creidfidhear é uaibh, Content. xviii 168 . ionnus go gcuirfeadh i gcéill do'n léaghthóir nach fuil tabhacht i seanchus Éireann `might give the reader to understand', Keat. i 50.3 . Note also: níor chuir Brian céill na cheanaibh ignored, Content. xiv 18n. ciall do chur san iompódh to take heed of the change (? but see Ed. note), PBocht 22.2 .

do-gní céill takes thought; employs skill : do-ghéanadh chéill rem cháineadh `he would take thought before reviling me', Aithd. D. 74.17 . Cf. nī faigebthar-side itir . . . acht ma doronad cēill occai, TBC-I¹ 1576 = dorónaid ceill glossed ceilg, LU. Cf. nī rādh go cēill (.i. go ceilgg), ZCP v 487 § 15 (B. na f.) = ciall .i. cealg, O'Curry 1464 ( H 3.18, 651 ). fris-cuirethar céill see fris-cuirethar, frecor.

gaibid céill for, g. for céill expects : hó ro gaibther c.¤ for riuth s ... (? scíth or séim) 'when a tiring (or easy) pace is expected', Wb. 13b13 , Ériu xxxiii 165 . argaibidside céil for báas in tain téte don chath `expects death', 9a3 . fiadnaise fir galair gabes ceill for eccaib, O'Curry 1617 ( 23 Q 6, 6 b ). diä dardāin gabus-sa / cēill for ingnais maicc m'athar, Bruchst. 52 § 116 ; 'on Thursday I expected the death of my father's son' Ériu xxiii 49 . ra gabsat céill ar a mbreith i tírib ciana, LL 31491 (TTr.). o ro gab ceill for anad, LU 2249 ( FA 31 ). is in coiged uair . . . intan rogabsat cell for a collad ┐ for a cumsanad re seitfidaigh na natrach settled down to, BB 495a16 . ro gabsat ar céill . . . comallad fir na faistine, 429b25 . do gabatar ar chéill gan chunntabairt gurab é in Clárach . . . adchonncatar `imagined', Caithr. Thoirdh. 51.4 .

For ciall .i. tionol, O'Dav. 362 see fo-cíallathar II.

Compds. With nouns.: domrimart gáir na gáithi / im chotlud co cíall-báithe `with vacant mind', Metr. Dinds. iii 226.10 . in fitir for cialbann clú / cia dú cosatiagam dé? SR 7967 . iar ccur do Brian . . . Maolseachluinn Mór as a chiallchogair confidences, Ériu i 105.7 . conad hí ar comcisiu ┐ cottomus ar ciallḟer, LL 32429 (TTr.). cīallḟlaith . . . con gaib side a chrícha cen choscru cen chernu a prudent ruler, ZCP xi 86 § 46 . ciall-gháis Chormaic `wisdom', MR 116.14 . ciallrunugud aicnid, Cóic Con. 24 § 24 . ciallrunugud cert caid, 27.9 . la ciallrunugadh eir[i]c, Laws iii 408.9 Comm.

With adjj.: tricha robhi in ciallbhog caemh / ina ri Diarmoíd na ndhamh simple-minded(?), BB 57a15 . ? is imdha duine data / ┐ cuire is cialbhrata (: dhíarmada), IT iii 68.17 . fear . . . cunnail craibhtech cíallchonaich resourceful(?), RC xii 320 § 1 . saī coitcenn, ciallconaigh, AU iii 46.6 . See féchemanda. co glice ciallgaesmar, Stair Erc. 298 . bhí sé ciallghlan diadha, Hackett² xxx 154 . mná cori ciallmathi, LU 3888 ( SCC 40 ). gnúis meicc Cairne cíallmíadcha (-miacha, v.l.) `of noble sense', Ériu iv 94.14 . macc slattraim síl Chuind cíallmór, Ériu iv 104.8 . Cf. i nDaim Liac Ciannāin canair / marb hua ciallmair Congalaig, Arch. Hib. ii 94 § 25 (see Ed.'s note). na ceithre comhfhocail . . . chumaidhi chialltarctheacha `expressive maxims', MR 90.4 . fer nár certmur cialltreabar, BB 427b30 .

With vb. ¤rúnaigid(ir). Legal. considers carefully; decides after deliberation: nach claoine eile ciallrunaigther ann .i. feall no éithach, O'D. 795 ( H 3.17, col. 570 ) = ciallrunaither, O'Curry 2395 ( Eg. 88, 31a ). cocrathar urchonn urthach .i. ciallrunathar uasal testugh (leg. testughad) ona codhnacha, O'Curry 1770 ( 23 D 6, 37 a ). na cocra cert .i. nech na ciallrunaigenn, Laws iii 34.18 Comm.

comlogad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comlogad or dil.ie/11446
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: comloigthi

n (logad) lit. mutual concession , etc. Pl. comloigthi expld. by Thurn. ZCP xiv 386 as small services from lord to client and vice versa which are usually balanced against each other and returnable by the lord but not by the client (see Laws ii 334.21 Comm. ). In Laws translated `set off' (see ii 360 note), ` adjustment '. ni renar . . . cen cocur, cen comairle, cen c.¤ (requirements for a certain legal transaction), Laws ii 360.18 . tōcbāil comloighthi `Erhebung mit Verrechnung', Bürgschaft 80 . ni toroimle cechtar da (sic leg.) lina dia raile is diles do mad tria comlogud do biathad ┐ etiud if it is by way of `c.¤' in the form of food and clothing, Laws ii 374.12 . na muine cumthar iter in mac ┐ in nathair do comloigib `mutual remissions', Coibnes 7 gl. 5 (on commuin athar ┐ a meicc ). ré comhloighthe so (heading of a section), Ériu xiii 33.27 . a comloghud on ceile ┐ on flaith, Laws ii 266.y Comm. nochun fuil comlogha lánamnuis itir in aiti ┐ in taithir `no claim of set off', 162.24 Comm. comloga o tuaith do briugaidh . . . ┐ comloga uadsum, i 200.25 Comm. comlogod itir tuaith ┐ rig . . . .i. ní cuingid som abiad ar ain, 82.2 Comm. in ni dobeir in flaith no in eclais di-a memraib dligthechaibh .i. do comloighthibh, v 316.32 Comm. Cf. comloigthe, comloigthi.

commaín

Cite this: eDIL s.v. commaín or dil.ie/11489

 

Forms: comaoine

n (com + maín) n s. (n p.?) comaoine, Párl. na mB. 4 . In later lang. also with pl. forms in -ch, -dh (TSh., Eochairsg.).

(a) equal wealth, means, hence equivalent, (equal) return, quid pro quo: cummāin .i. comma-māin .i. māin chuma diaraile, Corm. Y 270 . O'Curry 1209 ( H 3.18, 483a ). isarach.¤ dúib gl. sicut nos quoque uos `it is like for like to you', Wb. 25a20 . is maith in chommáin do-rat doib .i. misericordia gl. gentes autem super misericordiam honorare Deum, 6d7 . do-bértar tri fichit cét lilgach . . . ┐ a ch.¤ cinn bliadna the same again in a year's time, Sc.M² 2 (see note and cf. a chomméit cétna, ibid.). a ch.¤ sin ond ollomain, LL 24457 . comain in lóghaidh so = hac uenia, CCath. 1299 . ro ḟreagair C. comaín a ghona do gach aen dibh gave blow for blow, MR 272.19 . ní guin do-chuaidh gan chomaoin. DDána 86.17 . a chumain-sin la Gallaib Athai Cliath for Gaideluib Laigen `did as much for' (of slaughter), Ann. Conn. 1401.14 . Hence i c.¤ in return (for): a cumain a thaburtuis, ZCP vi 33.26 . Berramuin .i. muín i c.¤ berrtha, LL 22248 . ní fríth serc dó 'na chommáin a return of his love, Metr. Dinds. iii 192.30 . mé do cháineadh 'n-a chomaoin, Aithd. D. 74.1 . ? pian as mo cumaoin, BNnÉ 141.21 .

(b) More freq. in sense of mutual gift or payment, exchange; due; obligation; favour, boon, benefit : commuin athar ┐ a meicc `the mutual obligation of a father and his son', Coibnes 7 . on do econn berar a commainib comaithech a loan . . . paid out of the joint funds of fellow tenants(?), Laws v 370.4 . comuin, ascada l[anam]nais, Cóic Con. 19 § 11 (see 74 - 5 ). athgabail comuine .i. . . . seoit aíne tucadh ar comain, Laws i 214.z . 218.30 Comm. cummaine feine fesaib fuirired, iii 20.22 . doneoch na tabair (= arr) ar comain talmanda `for earthly obligation', 24.9 . na seoit fuillmeda ┐ na seoit comaíne, O'D. 1599 (H 5.15, 10ab). icfas in Comdiu a ch.¤ féin fri cach nduni his deserts, LU 2286 ( FA 34 ). febus mo chommain crichi ┐ ferainn, LL 22805 `bestowal', CRR 11 . in comaín doratadh do illuagh a gaiscidh, LL 399b52 . mór ar chách a ccumaoine (of saints), BNnÉ 253.10 . an chomaoin chéadna ceangluim `I bind the same bond', O'Hara 2978 . du ri Lacha Léin . . . / dligid cumaín chairdeamail, Leb. Cert.² 2067 . nirbo comaein cen cuitechad sin (prov.) i.e. you got the reward of virtue, Grail 2658 . dúais do chionn chomáoine `in return for kindness', KMMisc. 346.29 .

(c) In idiomatic phrases with underlying idea of placing under an obligation, conferring a kindness upon: atat ar commáine fair he is under obligation to us, Hib. Min. 65.13 . go roibhe cumaoin mhór aige air, Mac Aingil 1962 . commáin duind ní do thabairt duidsi we are in duty bound, etc., Acall. 5984 . is cumaín disi sin `well may she', BCC 270.19 . nīor chumaoín duit . . . / nī fhéadfadh, O'R. Poems 2769 `unlike you he could not', Gloss. maith mo chummáoin ar an mnáoi she is much in my debt, BS 112.9 . in ben . . . ba mo commain arin Ordd Liath, Ann. Conn. 1269.9 . olc ormsa cumaoin do ghall, TFrag. 222.16 . foide iná an sgol do sgaoileadh / gan m'oide ag cor chomaoineadh `to have lost my teacher's kindness', Studies 1924, 86 § 7 . ná cuir do chomaoin bréige / do láthair mo leithéide. Content. x 5 . Párrthus mar ar cuireadh na céad chomaoineacha ar . . . Adhamh, Eochairsg. 42.16 . cuirfett cumaoín ar cloinn tái `I will lay an obligation', AFM vi 2320.6 . Cf. commáin ria cur romermais, Metr. Dinds. iii 54.13 . do dhealuigh riú gan chommaoin ar bith do thabhairt dóib ré tógbháil an tuir `without taking any part with them in', Keat. ii 4 .

(d) Of glosses, additions etc. to texts: chuir-sén cumaoin fhocal innte added some words to it, Celtica i 97.314 . cumaóin sgribhneorachta, Gorm. xviii 19 . ag sin . . . qmáin . . . ar do lebur, O'Gr. Cat. 130.28 . uirthi níor fríth linn / fuaim nó focal do chomaoinn extraneous? (of Irish language), Keat. Poems 8 . See comman.

Dechnán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Dechnán or dil.ie/14898

 

o, npr. m. The name of three sister-sons of St. Patrick: is ann (isin mBrétaig) faranic na trí Dechnán meicc sethar do Pátraic, Trip. 156. 16 . The name of a saint: S. Dechnan, LL 366 b 50 .

díguin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díguin or dil.ie/16356

 

i, n. vn. of do-guin. violation of a man's protection through the wounding and slaying of another, see Críth G. pp. 82 - 83 . dergoin .i. diguin nó sarugud, O'Dav. 585 . i ndiguin a amais . . . i sarughudh a [p]ri[m]mna ┐ a meicc , O'D. 2415 ( Rawl. B 506, 53c ). is d.¤ (.i. sarugud) domgonar imáib, LU 1516 ( MU² 1014 ). log enech dia aír, dia d.¤ . . . dia ṡárug[ud], Críth G. 25 . is leth fiach a ghona ina dh.¤ , i.e. half the fine for the actual wound has to be paid in addition for the violation of his protection, Laws iv 362.23 . ro marbsat Eochaidh Belbuide ar comairgi Fergusa. Siacht F. co sluagaib a diguin, i 70.17 Comm. (satisfaction for his `d.¤'? But perh. some words omitted). ron geguin ┐ ba d.¤ don ríg, LL 312b44 . dodeochatar na noib . . . i n-ógbrathirsi etir na cenela so co lathi mbrátha: oenguin .i. oend.¤ doib . . . co lathi mbrátha (i.e. an outrage to one should be regarded as a common outrage?), Laud 610, 103va14 . (Fergus to Cú Chulainn after the slaying of Etercomol) olc duit mo d.¤ , TBC-I¹ 1210 .

Note also: imfen cach dib fri araile ┐ dobeir cach dib diguin diaraile `gives (a pledge of) indemnification to the other', Laws iv 68.22 (acknowledges the inviolability of the other's precinct?).

In phr. maigen dígona `the precinct about the residence of every freeholder , the extent of which varied according to his rank, and within whose bounds any injury inflicted on a third party constituted the offence of `díguin' against the owner'. Críth G. p. 83 . meas a dhigona .i. ro meisamhnaigh maigin dígona cach gradh `the estimation of his inviolable precinct', Laws iv 226.7 . Hence of a type of enclosed land (?): cethre meich a feis dighona feoir ethamain geimreta tar lan-ime, Laws iv 80.21 Comm. d.¤ mona geimreta, 23 . i ndigoin feoir ethamain tsamraidh, 24 .

As attrib. (but see fér-d.¤ s.v. fér): ina thir diguin . . . .i. . . . a ferann diguin, O'Dav. 1185 . miach cach airlime ar secht nanmandaib fri etham ndiguin, Laws iv 90.17 . fer idaig (= ad-aig) ceathra a ceile ina fer diguin, v 466.4 . fer dotlean a ceathra a faitchi i (omit?) ndiguin a céile, 6 ( .i. diguin feoir, 468.18 ).

d.¤ dígona one who is under the protection of another whose own protection depends on a third party . Violence to the d.¤ dígona was immune from legal consequences: diguin digona. deoraid sin ro buí ar comairce ┐ tárla deoraidh neich eile ric a leas a comairgi do ┐ cur sáraighedh uime hé, ┐ cur raibe in tuasal aca rad dligidh ni ind ┐ noca dligid ní ind uair nach hé ro erb in comairce ┐ nach as abaile do chuaid ┐ nach ar a ferand do rinnedh in sárughadh ann, O'D. 1628 ( H 5.15 16b ) = O'Curry 1062 ( H 3.18 439a ). na daine ata ar comairce, ma ro gabsat daine aile cuca ar comairce, acht mas as a ndualgus fein do níat a comairce i[s] slan a sarugh[ad], mar adeir so: díguin digona; ní snaighi deora araile; ni dlig nech fiach a ndig[uin] amus, Laws iv 228.z - 230.4 .

2 do-ben

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 do-ben or dil.ie/17219
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: tuba, tubad

v (*to-ben-) later tubaid, q.v.

(a) strikes at, attacks, opposes; worsts, defeats: ? erchur . . . ferais fair | co tob Macc Con iar cach gair, ZCP xii 379.9 (do-boing?). dobbeotar fair defeated him (?), LL 4908 = dobeotar, Lec. 606b22 . ni thubat a meicc i n-agid mo macc their sons will not oppose my sons (?), LL 147a43 ( PRIA xix 550 § 36 ). Usually trans. (some of the foll. should perh. be referred to next section): o rotubastar Cesair `since C. had attacked', CCath. 3779 . fer nār tubadh a dteagmáil who was never worsted in encounter, ZCP ii 342 . fead na tuaithe nár thubadh, Hy Fiach. 246 . cablach nar tubadh, Caithr. CC 37 . ben nar tubad dealba ac dāim, Lec. 364b 40 . fa sciathaib nar tubad dath whose hue was never dimmed (?), 398a37 . Tuathal Teachtmhar nar tubhadh, Content. xvi 162 . ba heisidhe laithe thoisiuch in rotubadh a ttreisi, Hugh Roe 258 . an fear nach clechtann cath | nach tubhtar asa tosach who is not worsted at the outset (?), Ériu iv 214 .

(b) reproaches, taunts (with). With accus. of thing and FRI (or other prep.) of pers.: féige ní thuband fri ní, Otia i 120 n. 3 . tobbie frie a imthechta fobíth Ulad ┐ athar cast in her teeth all he had done, ZCP ix 192 (cf. x 424 ). dobí a an(a)im fria enechsom, Ériu xvi 38 § 8 . dorrubai frim eneach, TE i 4 ( Ériu xii ). arna toirbeitis a ainme (leg. ainim) ina inchaib, Ériu xvi 38 § 7 (see p. 44) (cf. Laws i 72. 29 ). da mbeith ainib bad mo for Choinculaind ised rothuibebad fris he would have taunted him with it, TBC-I¹ 2614 . rom-cháin ┐ conrubaidh (.i. tubhaidh) fri m'enech gin mháthair nó athair lium, ZCP v 523 . rothub fris a éccóir ┐ a aindlighedh fair he reproached him with the wrong and injustice he had done him (the speaker), Hugh Roe 92 . gur thubsat in macradh a braith fris, LL 387a3 . focherd i serg de, fódaig na rotubaide fria enech that no reproach might be made against him, TE § 6LU ( IT i 121 ). rotubhadh fris tláithe a fhoghnamha, AFM vi 2142 . Without accus.: rothub ri Hua F. frind has impugned us, Lism. L. 2255 .

(c) In follg. perh. simply says, declares (to): rosbói ni nochomairled | cen co labradar fri nech (cen co tobnadhur fri neuch, v.l.), IT i 97 = cenco tabnad fri nech, Anecd. v 9 (with line defective). tubh re Fer nDiadh . . . mar daleg in flath ferda co hogaib Emna a m'aenar upbraid F. D. with having left (?), YBL 336a28 . tubh dam re Fraech . . . ara focmaid leis na hogaib a hEmain, 30 .

(d) With FRI measures by (as a standard), compares with (?): cach cruthach atcíther a nErinn . . . is risin mac sin dobiter, RC xii 62 § 21 = dobiotur, Cóir Anm.² ii 45 § 157 . ba hūath fri cāch a gabāil inda lāim ┐ gach rēt ba adētchidhe la cāch dobentai frie . . . unde in prouerbium uenit `fē fris', amail is n-adētc[h]ide in flesc cui nomen fē, sic et alia ress cui comparatur (of a wand kept in burial-places and used to measure corpses), Corm. Y 606 .

Vn. tuba, tubad. Cf. tobéim.

See do-fuiben.

draigen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. draigen or dil.ie/18563

 

Forms: draigne, droighen, droighin, draigean, Dérdroigen

n o in sg., n p. freq. draigne (orig. n. ?). droighen m., IGT Decl. § 53 . blackthorn, sloe (prunus spinosa); fruit of the sloe: droighin gl. prunus, Ir. Gl. 559 . nigra spina .i. droighean talman, ACL i 336.92 . pruna .i. airni draigin, Thes. ii 360 (Philarg.). d.¤ gl. pirus, Sg. 61b4 . droighen .i. tróg-aon .i. aon is trōgmaire do c[h]randuib ar imad a delg, Corm. Y 474 . blāithidir scotha, gairbidir d.¤ , ZCP ix 452.29 . cona matan matluirge fadbuide draigin, FB § 37 (Eg.). trí cóicait maglorg ndraigin, BDD § 60 . targad dó aball . . . ┐ droigean, MR 130.12 . d.¤ dúr | fid nach loiscenn saer, SG 245.22 . áirne dubdroigin, 102.5 . int ethar draighin `the wicker boat', 25.33 . clíatha draigin is derg-scíach, Metr. Dinds. iii 316 . craeb droighen cona hairnib, Dinds. 21 ( RC xv 319 ). i mmedón muine draigin, LL 283b39 . rocuirthea a teinidh droigin he, IT iii 190 § 17 . i tinid draigni, Laws v 472 n. (Of a fence) cír draigain fair, iv 112.15 . draigean (one of the`fogla feadha', i.e. shrubs), 146.26 . bláth droigin duibh, ZCP vi 269 § 13 . do ghlac sé droighion an nfásaigh ┐ driséoga thorns of the wilderness, Judges viii 16 . fásfuidh an crann giumhuis a náit an droighin, Isaiah lv 13 . an spéice deilgneach droighin, PCT 1026 . droigin duind `dusky blackthorn', K. and H. 19 . draigin drissi delgnacha, Ériu vii 2.16 . dreasa is droighin gut rébadh, BS 48.12 . droigni is drisi romc[h]oirb, 108.19 . ní cara damh na droidhne, KMMisc. 352 § 7 . cogur daill dar draigni, IT iii 77.23 . a ndrisi ┐ a ndraigne do beim dib, Laws i 128.8 Comm. bíd droighne . . . a slighe an anduine, Proverbs xxii 5 . atáid ar n-a múchadh mar theine na ndroighean, Psalms cxviii 12 . meas dub a draignib, YBL 118 marg. inf. bachal . . . foracbadh isna draighnibh, AU 840 .

As n.pr. m. Dub Draigen, LL 205a2 . mac Draigin, Rawl. 151b52 . Macc Ercae macc Draigin, Trip.² 1609 . meicc Draigin, Gorm. Apr. 15 . In name of a metre: mesce Draigin m̅c̅ Dorndorbiedh, IT iii 104.6 . In n.pr. f. Dér ┐ Droigen (leg. Dérdroigen) máthair dá mac Mogaruith, SG ii 467.6 . In n.loc. Inis D.¤ , Hog. Onom.

Cf. murdraigen.

duine

Cite this: eDIL s.v. duine or dil.ie/19139
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: duine, dune, duini, duni, duine, dune, duini, duiniu, duniu, duinu, duini, duni, duine, duini, duni, duine, duini, doín-, dóini, dóini, doini, dúini, doeni, dóini, doini, dáini, daini, dóinib, doinib, dáinib, dainib, dóenib, dóine, doine, dáine, daine, doeine, dáine, doíne, daíne, duin-, dune, duíne, duine, duinib, nduinib, dúinib, dúini, duini

n io, m. n s. duine, Wb. 4d6 , 8b8 , etc.; Ml. 35c23 , etc.; SR 450 ; PH pass. dune, Ml. 33c12 , 35c33 ; Hib. Min. 433 ; Mon. Tall. 133.24 ; LU 3509 ( SCC § 27 ). duini, SR 3284 , 3601 , 4645 . duni, SR 449 , 2901 ; CRR 18 ; ? IT i 222.11 . a s. duine, Wb. 4d33 , 21b15 ; Ml. 74b14 ; Fél. Ep. 215 ; SR 186 , etc. dune, Hy. v 81 . duini, SR 6236 . d s. duiniu, Ml. 20d2 , 54b2 , 54b11 , etc. Ardm. 17b1 ( Thes. ii 239.17 ); Cambr. 38a ( Thes. ii 246.29 ). duniu, TBC-I¹ 1745 LU. duinu, ZCP viii 173.22 . duini, Wb. 4b3 ; SR 7889 . duni, Ml. 49b8 ; LU 3941 ( SCC § 44 ). duine, PH pass. , the usual form in later lang. g s. duini, Wb. 12a29 , b12 ; Ml. 35c31 , 74b13 ; Sg. 28b20 ; Cambr. 37d ; Tur. 86 ; SR 1144 , 7884 . duni, IT i 195.7 , 219.4 ; TBC-LL¹ 3875 . duine, SR 8230 , 8272 (usual form in later lang.). dune, FA § 10 . v s. duini, Wb. 1c8 ; Ml. 70d4 ; LU 4016 ( SCC § 46 ). In pl. with stem doín-. n p. dóini, Wb. 8a14 , 22a30 ; Ml. 69b1 ; Fél. Nov. 6 ; SR 643 ; in dóini , Wb. 12d36 ; Sg. 39a23 . doini, Wb. 33c1 ; Ml. 27d1 , 36d16 , 51d77 . dúini, Mon. Tall. 132.33 . doeni, SR 7781 . a p. dóini, Wb. 20d1 , 28b3 ; Ml. 138c1 ; Fél. Ep. 421 ; FB § 57 . doini, Ml. 51b8 , 55d21 , etc. dáini, Ml. 121c12 . daini, 134d3 . d p. dóinib, Wb. 3a5 , 18c5 , 24d4 ; Ml. 24b3 ; SR 4014 . doinib, Ml. 24b14 , 51d12 ; Sg. 189b9 ; SR 3122 . dáinib, SR 3280 , 3876 , etc. dainib, 964 , 5115 ; FA § 34 . dóenib, SR 3910 , 5364 , 7535 , cf. 448 , 1977 . g p. dóine, Wb. 4d4 , 5c16 , 7c13 . doine, 18c13 ; Ml. 16b12 , 31a12 , 14 ; Tur. 45 , 65 ; Cambr. 37b . dáine, FA § 2 . daine, SR 5920 . doeine, AU 986 . v p. dáine, SR 5536 .

In Mid.Ir. pl. doíne, daíne ( doene, Fél. Ep. 152 LB; TBC-LL¹ 6198 ). Also with stem duin- (in some cases perh. duín- for O.Ir. doín-). collai dune , TBC-I¹ 2056 . = duíne, LU 6571 . cet duine , AU 1042 . do duinib , Laws i 268.2 . iar nduinib , ii 278.21 . ar . . . dúinib , Hy. vii Pref . ( Thes. ii 354.4 ). dúini sruithi, Mon. Tall. 152 .

For divergent explanations of the forms see Vendryes, RC xl 437 , Brugmann, ZCP iii 595 , Borgström, Norsk tidsskrift for Sprogvidenskap xii 83 , O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 156 .

IGT Decl. §§ 79 , 205 .

Human being , in widest sense, including both sexes; in sing. oft. = man (in general), mankind: gl. homo, Ir. Gl. 953 , cf. 436 ; Wb. 1c8 , 24d4 ; ZCP viii 173.22 (Fulda Gl.). is e in d.¤ cómlan, in fer ┐ in ben, PH 572 . for[s]in d.¤ coitchenn etir firu ┐ mná humankind in general, RC xxv 244 (LU). Adam oenathair na ndoene, | d.¤ rodelb Dia na ndam, LL 136b15 . ó chruthughadh an d.¤ from the creation of man, Leb. Gab.(i) 4 . dorigéni Dia corp duini, Wb. 12a29 . rofitir in Coimdiu . . . noregad d.¤ tar a timna, Ériu ii 108 . go mbiaidh fios ag na cineadhachuibh nách bhfuil ionnta féin acht daóine that the nations may know themselves to be but men, Psalms ix 20 . mac an d.¤ Son of Man, John iii 14 . persan maic de ┐ maic duini, Tur. 86 . mac dé mac duini (of Cú Chulainn), LL 13928 . sainredach do Dia in popul sin sech na huli doini olchenae, Ml. 129c15 . do teasragain dāini an domuin do phecadh, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 14 . di doenib in domuin, LL 38 . Distinguished from beings of a different order: miscais Dé ┐ dóine (d.¤, v.l.), Tec. Corm. 20 . in ní as doirbh le dáinibh is soirbh le Dia, SG 19 . síd do doenaib . . . indocbail Dé, SR 7535 . rí doeni . . . rí aingel, 7781 . fri dóini, fri demnai, Fél. Ep. 152 . conad cruim me ┐ nach d.¤ (= sum vermis et non homo), Corm. Y 212 . ba cumma cū ┐ ech ┐ dune and, TBC-I¹ 2002 . conidh anbecht ma do ḟācsat mil nā d.¤ beast or man, RC xviii 11 (Tig.). aittrebthaige na slebti etir míl ┐ cethra ┐ d.¤ , Alex. 433 . co ffarccabhtha na buailte fása co n-a n-indilibh iar n-écc a ndaoineadh uile, AFM ii 846 (1044) . a l-leth ina bratán robói ┐ a lleth n-aill ina d.¤ , SG 236 . ni fri biasta chathaigmit-ni acht is fri dóini, FB § 37 . ní for fírd.¤ . . . acht is for corth[e] cloche, Hy. v 66 Comm.

gs. and gp. oft. equivalent to adj. human: delb duini , Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 6 . atat brechtrad i ciallaib ┐ i n-indlechtaib d.¤ , Alex. 994 (= in doini, Anecd. v 7 ). cethri cenéla liac . . . co cēil ┐ chosmailius dōine, Ériu ii 114 § 43 . lochrann . . . nad cumgaidis sūile dōine dēicsin, TBC-I¹ 2042 .

To denote a particular individual or class of individuals esp. with adj. ( person, people ): in d.¤ in chainchomraic hí that man of peace, Ml. 61c12 . Nuada drúi ba duni garg, Metr. Dinds. ii 72 . duni óc is alaind dath (of Cú Chulainn), TBC-I¹ 63 . mac óig[e] é ┐ dune amra i n-ecnu, ZCP ix 459 . duni is mó is bidba d'Ultaib, CRR 18 . duini delbda (of a woman), SR 4645 . dúini sruithi elders , Mon. Tall. 132 . ní gabhadh almsana . . . acht becan o dhainibh riaghalda monks , Lism. L. 3395 . fri hōl do dāinib scithaib, Corm. Y 48 . is díomhaoineas clann na ndaóine uirísiol, is bréug clann na ndaóine mór, Psalms lxxii 9 . So too in composition with adjj.: ni bó cáemd.¤ samlaid, LL 13576 . gruaim-d.¤ a surly person, Corm. Y 694 . ní bí errach senduni, Fianaig. 26 . trí fuiric thige degduni . . . thige drochduni, Triads 97 , 98 . ho degdóinib gl. a bonis, Ml. 24b3 . isna droch(o) doini gl. in malos, 4 . do degdóinib fer nEgept, SR 4014 . mnaa ┐ meicc ┐ mindóene, TBC-LL¹ 6198 . do maic, a Medb co mbāide, | bat ríg, bat rodáine great people, LL 7137 . Note also: doi-duine .i. degduine, Corm. Y 450 . In address (esp. to an unknown person or with adj.): a duini sechitú, Ml. 70d4 . cia thu, a dh.¤?, BS 100 . caoin thú féin, a dh.¤ bhoicht, Keat. Poems 597 .

Oft. taking the place of an indef. pron. anyone, with neg. no one ; cech d.¤ everyone: ní fil ní dogné dune, Mon. Tall. 133 . for cech ndāil amra dogni d.¤ , Corm. Y 691 . nocon-ḟitir duni a diach none knows, MacCarthy 142 ( LL 127a ). ni fail dune doddecha none can tell it, Hy. v 81 . ní theighim for aeidhideacht do thig d.¤ , BS 82 . a trede i n-imruimdethar cach d.¤ , Thes. ii 253.11 (Stowe M.). cech d.¤ nosgéba whoever shall sing it, Hy. vii Pref . dúthracht maith do cech duiniu, Ériu i 193 . Folld. by a part. gen. or equivalent, one (of a number, class of people): rogabhsat na demhna d.¤ dona daoinibh robháttar aga loscudh, RC xxv 394 . ní ruc aen-d.¤ do chloind dō, YBL 155b5 . ní minic bhíos cumann trír | gan d.¤ for fhodord bibh without one of them murmuring, BS 108 . Cf. further: cetracha do dáinib do mathaib Cairpre forty of C.'s nobles, RC xvii 369 (Tig.). āilli Caerach inā gach d.¤ di delbaibh na mban, ACL iii 308 .

With poss. adj. to denote a friend, follower, etc.; in pl. of family, adherents, countrymen: mo rí, mo ruiri . . . mo duni álaind inmain, TFerbe 534 . Dia mo ruire, Dia mo rí, Dia mo d.¤ , ZCP vii 269 . mór uireasbaidh mo dh.¤-se ar dhaoinibh, Keat. Poems 937 . a Mhuire . . . féag ar do dh.¤ , A. Ó Dálaigh liii 21 . mo ghéanar as d.¤ di happy he who is one of hers, xlviii 23 . Cend Faelad . . . a dáine fén romarb, ZCP ix 483 . Domnall . . . rí Fortuath Laigen do marbad dia dhainib fein, AU 1043 . dobhér taobh rem dháoinibh fodhéin, BS 122 .

Compds. ¤airecht assembly of people, mote: incuirither co nduinairecht `let it be referred to the court', Laws ii 306 . ¤buale lit. man-fold, a curved line of people (soldiers) formed to enclose or entrap an enemy (?): dunibuali ursloicthi ar cind Conchobair ┐ buden tricho chét ac a íadad dia éis, TBC-LL¹ 5134 (dunbaile, -buaile, v.l.), 5117 (dún buaile, dunbhaile, v.l.). ¤chaithe trespass committed by a person: caithe ceathra ┐ duine-caithe, Laws iv 148 ( .i. na cinta aili doniat na daine hisin ferann, 140 Comm. ). fiach duine-caithe, v 268 Comm. daine-caithib .i. do gait ┐ brisid, 462 Comm. ¤chin crime committed by a human being: rucus d. (.i. in cin do-gēna dune) for rop `ich entschied: Menschen-Vergehen trifft das Tier', ZCP xv 329 § 20 . trí ruip conberat duinechinaid whose trespasses count as human offences, Triads 168 . co fiachaib cach ceathra ┐ duine-chindtaib (.i. . . . na cinta doniat na daine), Laws v 462 . ¤chú lit. man-hound; of warriors: rōinfid fuil fēne fo don | la slūag inna nduinechon, TBC-I¹ 2079 . cath Locha Daim, | hi tóethsat in duinechoin 'the battle of Loch Daim in which the warriors will fall', B. in Scáil² 36 § 11 . ¤delb human shape: ba cáime cech duine-deilb | a cuirp, Metr. Dinds. iii 190 . ¤diglaimm description in verse of a person's form and appearance (?); forming an item in curriculum of the student-bard, IT iii 29 . duine-diglaim .i. diglaim delba in duine, 30 . ¤gabáil human booty, captives (coll.): imá duineghabáil ┐ imá bó-gabáil, SG 343 . dar cenn a broite ┐ a duine gabálai, Alex. 320 . ? ¤gnúis of surface of earth peopled by men: bar dunegnuis in talman `Menschenantlitz der Erde', TBC-LL¹ 5027 (tonngnúis, v.l.). for dunignúis in t., 5975 (tonng., v.l.). bar dunadgnuis in t., 4754 . ¤marbad manslaughter, murder: nā dēna duine-marbad, PH 7470 . lucht in duine-marbtha, 7524 . pian na ndaine marvus a n-aithre . . . ┐ gach dainimarbhadh olchenae, Aisl. Tond. iv 2 . do dēnomh sladaigheachta ┐ duinemharptha, Fl. Earls 122 . See dunmarbad. ¤marbthach murderer, homicide: is duine-m. int-íí dobeir fuath, PH 7483 . See dunmarbthach. ¤pláig torment, destruction of human beings: ro-imretor iaromh duineplaigh forro, ZCP xi 61 . ¤tháide lit. man-stealing, i.e. murder with concealment of the body, secret murder (see Cóic Con. 37 - 39 ): rucus duinithāde cen hēraic, ZCP xv 366 § 52 . fell ┐ fingal ┐ duinethaighe, Laws i 56 Comm. im dindas duinethaide, ima eiric iar fis, 184 . aithne na tunataide, iii 98 . ? Cf. don dunmharbhadh . . . madh a tunnaithigh, O'Curry 285 ( H 3.18 157 ). tuntaidhe .i. tonntaidhe .i. marbadh o nither a taidhe, 1967 ( H 4.22 13 ). féich dunetáiti, Cáin Ad. § 46 . amal rongabsat fingala ┐ duineorcni ┐ duinetáidi, RC xv 488 . Feirgil . . . do mharbhadh i nduinethaide F. was secretly murdered, AFM i 522 , ii 600 , iii 594 . Donnchadh . . . a marbadh i dunathaith do lucht Airtich, AU 1349 (ii 490) . See also duineba(d), duinebás, duinegin, duinorcun, duinorcnid.

2 ell, eill

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 ell, eill or dil.ie/19967

 

n the original meaning of the word is doubtful; cf. ell didiu .i. intus, O'Mulc. 376 . It usually has the sense of opportunity, vantage: ell for Fhionn .i. greim no baoghal ar Fhionn, O'Cl. (cf. Dinds. 49 cited below). boisium for eill Fhinn he `was lying in wait for F.' RC xiv 242.18 . dus an ttairsittis eill ngabhala for A. an opportunity of seizing upon A. Hugh Roe² 3.10 (f.1 b) . batar...i forbhaisi isin dúnadh dus an ttairsitis eill na criche ass, Hugh Roe 176.9 (f.47b) . Freq. in phr. gaibid¤ , fo-gaib e.¤ (with gen. or prep. of object) takes advantage of, overcomes: teilgc cenn meic Bachairi 'mach | ni gébthar ell na cathrach SR 6980 . nert Dé lend | arná ragbaither ar nell, LL 308b8 = SG 389.25 . ní raghba ar n-eill | demon, ACL iii 231.15 . mairg ríg...gebas eill mo naím, LU 119b8 . BS 74.26 . cidh 'mo ngeibhe mh' eill, 72.10 . gonaidh, marbaidh, airligidh | gabhaid uile a eill (: beinn), 68.6 . meicc beca ni geibtis eill | do M. had no chance against M. ZCP viii 217.26 . rogab eill dona Mirmedóndaib sech cách, TTr.² 1513 . imraidi C. modh nod-gabad eill for Find, Dinds. 49 (cf. O'Cl. cited above). ni ḟuair nechtarde eill for a cheile `neither of them prevailed over the other' RC iii 184.29 = LL 122b9 . fuarattar ell forsna coimhédaighib...go ro bhensat a ngeimhle dhíobh, AFM vi 1912 w . fuair an Iustis ell ┐ elang a fforcoimett Uí Neill...co ndeachaidh treimhit gan troit, 2224.10 . Cf. ni ellastar clóenchleir .i....ba gabail ella lasin n-uasal bith ic inblegon creitmi forna cleḟeraib, RC xx 272.6 . don abaill imar gabustair Eba éill, no imar gabustair eill Eba, Laws i 54.5 Comm. (cf. Corm. Y 1272 ). co héill fir célide .i. cuirm, MacCongl. 99.21 .

es(s)éirge

Cite this: eDIL s.v. es(s)éirge or dil.ie/20489
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: n-eséirge, n-esséirge, esséirge, æsærge, eisérghe, n-esséirgiu, n-esséirgu, nheséirgiu, esærgi, esǽrgi

io, n., later f. (vn. of as-éirig) re-arising, (theol.) resurrection; the final resurrection: n s. a n-eséirge sin indibsi, Wb. 18b5 . is hed a n-esséirge leu, 30b14 . esséirge inna n-uile marb, 13d16 . æsærge, Ml. 38c9 . is ann bias h'esseirghi ┐ eiséirghe shochuidhi immaille frit, Todd Lect. v 106.4 . is í ind esérgi tanaise ind esergi bias illó bratha...a bás, LU 36b36 = RC xxv 250.14 . eisérghe (f.) IGT, Decl. § 3 . eiséirgi do éirigh Dia, Ériu iv 112 . eiseirghe na gcorp, O'Dowley § 1b y . a s. tria hesséirge som, Wb. 2d8 . doriltiset hesséirge mortuorum 25b13 . 30a20 . ga trath do ríghne an aiséirghe ?, Luc. Fid. 47.16 . d s. iar n-esséirgiu , Wb. 4a27 . iar n-esséirgu 3c2 . 13b26 . i nheséirgiu , 4b9 . issin chetna eisseirge, SR 8233 . don tress essérgi, 8240 . sind eisseirgi thanaisi 8237 . isind esérgi, LU 35a8 = RC xxv 238 x . isin esergi atracht ar senathair, PH 3427 . g s. i corp spirtáldae ind eséirgi, Wb. 3a14 . creitem incholnichtho et esséirgi, 4d27 . díltud eisséirgi Crist, 13b18 . esærgi, Ml. 15d2 . esǽrgi 81d1 . in mirbail-sea inna esergi, LU 37a29 = RC xxv 252.25 . oc ernaidi na esergi LU 36b20 = RC xxv 248 z . deichdúan na heisseirge, SR p. 118 . a dtimcheall eiséirghe Chriosd, Acts ii 31 .

Transf. and fig.: muighi loma les-aíbhne | luibhi orra ag eiséirghe springing into life; reviving IGT Decl. ex. 150 . iar n-eiséirghe a staid an pheacaidh dhó, TSh. 8986 . is and forfuacair Mael Sechnaill in eseirghi n-airrdirc dia n-ebairt gach aen do Gaedelaib...tait ass dia tir the famous rising (against the Danes) RC xvii 341.32 . (but see under escongra and esgaire). eisséirge mná meicc Miled the resurrection-stead (i.e. Temair) Ériu iv 92.2 .

1 gal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 gal or dil.ie/25277
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: gail, gal, goil, gal, ghoil, ghal

n ā, f. n s. also gail; d s. and a s. occas. gal. goil, IGT Decl. § 14.17 . gal (grēine) o, m. § 73 ; g s. an ghoil gréine, ex. 1564 ; d s. ōn ghal , ex. 1567 . Used to form vn. of compds. of 1 fichid, e.g. irgal, dígal, etc., prob. also in ecal (<*ek(s)gal), esgal (gl. [a]estus, Ml. 96b11 ). Possibly orig. sense is seething heat, passing into that of mental excitement or rage. Cf. vbs. 1 fichid fights and 2 fichid boils which are probably akin. See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 521.

(a) warlike ardour, fury, valour: gail .i. beodacht, O'Dav. 1037 . ecal .i. cen gail, O'Mulc. 354 . ? gal .i. galar ... quia motat mentem , 614 . cruaid a gal, IT i 107.25 . am amnus ar gail ocus gaiscced, 142.1 . addaimet ... do gail ocus do gaisced, FB 11 ( LU 8150 ); in gal ┐ fiuchiud na ferge ... i n-erbruinnib na láech, TTr.² 860 . cor[o] islighea a ngal, CCath. 2493 . bái side bar gail ┐ bar fogail Ailella, TBC-LL¹ 2894 . TFerbe 372 . amail sóersai Daúid de gail claidib Góli, Fél. Ep. 484 . ní dechaid coll cána ar goil ... escaped his valour, ACL iii 304.4 . ba gaoth i ngal `he was wise in conflict,' Studies 1918, 281 § 11 . ba gal craidi leis perturbation of heart, Cog. 194.25 ; 72.3 . fuair bás ann do ghal retha from ardour of running, Acall. 1617 . ? nocho rabhasa fós ... bhaili bud gairdi rem ghal ná na mesc `where my time sped more quickly,' 1585 . g s. láith gaile fer nhÉrend, IT i 100.5 . lathus gaile Góedel uile, FB 89 ( LU 9160 ). do chomramaib gaili ┐ gascid, TBC-I¹ 1862. 2046 . ar nert gaile by dint of valour, TTr.² 55 . a n-n[e]urt gaile, 996 . cona ṡlúag lán gaile, Fél. Jan. 11 . re huair ṅgaile, Ériu v 223.54 . én gaile, see én . pl. feats of valour (?): ar gressaib gal, Thes. ii 293.20 . for gói gnaith sraintear gala battles are ever gained, MR 120.19 . nirbu Gabran cen gala | i n-aimsir meicc Murchada, Rawl. 84b40 . indsaighfidh gala, Lism. L. 2806 . a bhferga ┐ a ngala (ngalu MS) oc dula do chath, Ériu ii 130.20 . da mac samla galaib gliad, TBC-LL¹ 4053 . ar galaib dagḟer, Ériu v 222.39 . miser fiana iarna ngalaib, O'Dav. 1037. Content. xxx 35 . ō galaib ōenḟer, ZCP xi 109 § 21 . ar galaib oenḟer (—ḟir) by unaided valour (often = in single combat): ar galaib ōenfer roggōeta uli, TBC-I¹ 1522 . ar galaib oenḟir, TBC-LL¹ 1642 . in triar thuc Mac C ... ar galaib óenfer, BDD 94 . comrac for galaib oen-fir, MR 70.6 . gaibid ar gail challenges: rogab Gablach Fuiter ar gail, RC xv 323.9 ( Dinds. 23 ). Of animals heat, fury: fuil aidhe rogiallathar gail, Laws v 152.3 , with gl. in adh da ngialland a gail merachta, 154.11 . Cf. (among legal exemptions) slan do na damaib in gail doniat, iii 266.16 Comm. gala mathgamna ┐ brotha leóman, BDD 92 = BDD² 893 . Of natural phenomena, etc.: a gail co timm rothaisig (of a whirlpool) `he made feeble and faint its fury,' Metr. Dinds. iv 86.79 . ó chaitheasdair an ghaoth a goil `when the wind had exhausted its fury,' ML 48.22 . mar bráinṡnec[h]ta ó ghoil gréni, Ériu iv 226 § 51 . a bhfoil beo ní buaine | ná ceo re goil ngréine, Dán Dé viii 2 . ní bhí ag sruth ... guth ón ghal, IGT Decl. ex. 1567 . mar chuiris an ghrian a gal `as the sun doth send its heat,' Arch. Hib. i 99 . fo nim niabtha gal, AU 894 = AFM i 544.17 . congaibet gola (of waves), SR 7899 . Cf. further: gal a mbraighet the heat of their throats (from thirst), CCath. 2578 . ticc goil a ngrúaidh Núaladha a flush (lit. heat), IGT Decl. ex. 312 . Common in chevilles, esp. in g p. feochair ngoile, ITS v 40.10 . dígrais gail, PRIA iii 534.1 . dorairngert Curnán cét gal, SG 235.29 . cétaib gal, Arch. Hib. ii 93 § 18 . fichtib gal, TBC-LL¹ 3206 . línib gal, 3693 , Acall. 1582 . miad n-gal, MR 146.3 ; 132.15 .

Compds. ¤fine = fingal murder of a kinsman: bá himeccla lá hUa nD. gail-fhine do dhénamh dhóibh for aroile, AFM v 1406.4 .

(b) steam, vapour, mist: nírbo glac im gail it was not a hand grasping smoke (i.e. a futile achievement), Metr. Dinds. iv 10.17 . (Cf. dorn im diaid, O'Dav. 1586. ) bal na gaile oc a broth, Laws i 128.2 Comm. scaiblín ... cona gáblaib gaile `with its curls of steam,' MacCongl. 35.1 . do ling (i.e. an diabhal) in a ghal bhreun ... tré mhullach an teampoill, Eochairsg. 90.26 . fleochud, snechta co sirgail constant vapour (?), ACC Comm. ( RC xx 256.3 ). re gail nglūair ngil (of a river), ZCP viii 106.12 . sreabh do mhadhmuigh goil gheimhridh, IGT Decl. ex. 479 . téid gach iasg ré goil an gheimhridh | troigh i dtalmhain `from the heat of the winter,' TD 34.36 .

gataid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gataid or dil.ie/25452
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: gati, gatda, gata, gatar, gataiter, gatad, gét, conna-get, gétad, gette, gatsai, gatsait

v Ind. pres. 2 s. ní gati , Ml. 106c13 . 3 s. ní gatda , Wb. 10b1 ; ní gata , Cáin Ad. 29 . pass. sg. ní gatar , Irish Texts iv 19.5 . pl. gataiter, ib. 9 . Imper. 3 s. na gatad , Wb. 22b6 . Fut. 1 s. in gét , 9d4 . conna-get, TBC-LL¹ 943 . Cond. 3 s. gétad, CB 32 § 32 . 2 p. ní gette , Wb. 9c8 . Pret. 3 s. (with affixed pron.) gatsai, LU 6691 . 3 p. gatsait, Lism. L. 319 = Irish Texts i 3 § 9 ( Rawl. B 512, 31c6 ). vn. gait, q.v.

(a) takes away, removes, pulls or snatches away. gl. furari, tollere (in purely physical sense) : gat a inchind ass, RC viii 62.17 . gataid C. in ṅgai ass removes the spear, iii 180.4 . gataid sidi in luirich tar a chend, IT ii1 184.10 . gatair a súile assa cind, Ériu v 209.24 . in corthi cloichi ... ra gat a talmain ... he tore up from the ground, LL 266b48 ( MU² 647 ). ní gattad (gata, gadai v.l.) dér dia grúaid, Imr. Brain i 46.17 . ni gatta a curp duni go coscairthea immi (of the gae bulga) it could not be extracted from ..., TBC-LL¹ 3875 . intan ba mithig a gait de cígh to take her from the breast, Irish Texts i 3 § 5 . conna gēt-sa láma dib I shall not remove my hands from them, TBC-LL¹ 943 . Cf. gat laim dimm na damtathaig, D IV 2 53vb19 . ni getar afaing asin churach-sa, Anecd. i 5.17 . gattsat a libur leó, ZCP vii 305.30 . mani ghatta in ceir estibh unless ye remove the wax from your ears, BNnÉ 92 § 202 . [na] gataid for sella do for feraib don't take your eyes from your men, LU 1776 . gaduis an tsleagh as féin, Keat. ii 3251 . nogédais tri semanda as cech sleig, Fianaig. 6. 22 , With obj. an abstract noun : gataid leisci lesoc `sloth takes away his welfare,' Laws i 104.5 Comm. in tan gadait clú na comarsan, PH 7684 . san aois féin lé ngadtar ... sláinte ... an chuirp, TSh. 2406 . With AR (or DE, rarely ó) of person, takes away (something from someone), deprives of (occas. but not necessarily of a wrongful act). AR : ní gette na brithemnachta becca erriu you would not snatch the petty judgments from them, Wb. 9c8 . ní gati eronn ón thou dost not take it from us, Ml. 106c13 . do-rarngart-side ... gétad Pátraic biu ┐ marbu airi, CB 32 § 32 . ní gata A. fīachu ar flaith ... ... dia mbī dír, Cáin Ad. 29 . gataid Bodb a muccaidecht n-airi, gatar dana a muccaidecht ar in fer atúaith, IT iii 244.33 . gautuim-si nem ┐ talam foirb, ACL iii 3.23 . gétat (leg. gétar, ed.) orat nem, Lism. L. 2133 . ni géttar nem fort ind-sin, BColm. 84.13 . in ní doberar indiu gatair air amairech, Laws iii 310.4 . nī gētam th'aird-mess horot `we shall not deprive you of your calculation,' ZCP viii 268 § 43 . ro gata a n-airm forra, AFM v 1862.18 . log enech dond fir ar a ngatar, Irish Texts iv 20.8 . With vn. as obj. : salm ... getas fair-sium cendsa in Chomded d'ḟagbáil, RC xiii 110 § 147 . no géta for a muintir adhall ... an tíre that his followers might be deprived of [the power of] entering the territory, Hugh Roe fol. 79b . DE : ná gad neamh dím, Cóir Anm. 214 . gad mo moing dīm, ZCP xiii 178.26 . gettair do chend dit, IT ii2 247.7 . ragadad a chenn don druth, TFrag. 42.17 . gatais Dōcha a chend desom, TBC-I¹ 2946 . na hi ... gatus sirg dona macaib beca ... which remove dulness from little children, Laws i 138.31 Comm. g.¤ étach : gatuid Fraech a ētach nde, ZCP iv 39.23 = TBFr. 201 . Leb. Gab.(i) i 148.28 . do chris cáol geltais ní geada | d' fertuis do taebh seda seng, IGT Decl. ex. 548 . With ellipse of obj. : gatar (bentar v.l.) dibh, ┐ dénaidh bhar ffotraccadh undress and bathe, BNnÉ 18 § 37 . gatsat dind eoch they stripped the horse, Metr. Dinds. iv 66.118 . ninderba, ni gat ni de, RC xi 444.39 . ó : gatuidh a lán eneclann uadh co ro ica in cinuidh sin deprives him of ..., O'D. 516 ( H 3.17, c. 419). rogatar ūaim cech sal may every stain be taken from me, ZCP vi 266 § 11 = Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. xix 367 § 11 . Do gadadh úam mart, IGT Decl. ex. 963 . Idiom : cid gatas uaib ... ci atberaid fria ? what harm does it do you to speak to her ? (lit. what does it take from you ?), RC ix 492.1 ( LU 1822 ).

Of carrying off booty : mor n-oir ... rosgat A ... i scoraib, Alex. 324 . ra gattá is ra brattá in slúag-sa indiu, TBC-LL¹ 6102 . Ecmoṅg rogatá a bæ ... rogatta do bai ┐ do trī meicc , ZCP iv 44.22 = TBFr. 357 . g.¤ céill de takes away the expectation, hope of (something, an event): o getar ciall don tsailtinchi `when every idea of the expectation is abandoned,' Laws iii 366.3 . `In calma gabthai fri Troiannaib ?' `Ragatad cíall deside,' ar in techt there is no longer any hope of that, LL 237a22 ( TTr. 1496 ). cech fer ... na taircébad ... dochum nEmna no gatta ciall de ┐ ḟocherte a ḟert ... arnabarach all hope of his being alive was given up (?), Ériu iv 26 § 14 . For further exx. see cíall.

(b) Specifically steals : bean gatas .i. doni gait, Laws v 176.2 , 10 . fer gatas, Irish Texts iv 18 § 1 ( H 2.15A, 38a ). gatsait latraind dá thorc díib, Lism. L. p. 319 = Irish Texts i 3 § 9 . a dhamh lé gadaighe gádthar, BNnÉ 243 . mór nogataind, Anecd. i 72 § 199 . do goididar na cristaidhi in stor, RC xix 256 ( Fier. § 168 ). a ghradh goiti his stolen love, TTebe 30 bíd na huisgeadha gadtha milis, Proverbs ix 17 . Fig. do ghoid ... croidhthe fear Israel, 2 Samuel xv 6.

grádaigidir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. grádaigidir or dil.ie/26463
Last Revised: 2013

 

v (2 grád) loves : druídecht ní-s:grádaigther, Echtrae Chonnlai 174 . cor gradaig Meadb é ar a ṡobésaib, Ériu ii 182.14 . Dīa ... grādaigis ingen Iacim, ACL iii 244 § 10 . co ro-gradaigset he, PH 939 . cindus docifer é ┐ cindus gradaigther, Lat. Lives 26.5 . sanntaighit go búan na ba | is gradhaighit na cethra (of a chief who refused to give up plundered cattle), BNnÉ 289.8 . imper. grádhuigh do comharsa mar thú féin, Matthew xix 19 . an tí is teó ghrádhuigheas (`qui ardentius amat'), TSh. 10331 . go ngráidheochadh agus go riarfadh sé Dia, Donlevy 476.22 . past part. co mbái-si do mnái gradaigthe oco-som, Ériu iv 22 § 3 . ocht meicc na da gradaigthe | cethri meic na da cumal eight sons of the two beloved [wives], Rawl. 72b40 . net grībe grādaigthi the home of a beloved warrior (?), Corm. Y 968 . vn. mo da mac | nirba choir a ngradugud, Anecd. i 20.14 . do chum a chéile dho ghrádhughadh, 1 Thessal. iv 9 . aimsir chum grádhuighthe agus aimsir chum cosg o grádhughadh, Eccles. iii 5 . ar ullmhaigh Dia do lucht a ghradhaighthe (= diligentibus eum), Parrth. Anma 118.11 .

immallé, immalle(i), ma(i)llé, ma(i)lle

Cite this: eDIL s.v. immallé, immalle(i), ma(i)llé, ma(i)lle or dil.ie/27701

 

Forms: immal(l)ei, immelei

(see GOI § 841 ). With final long vowel: immallē: Dé, Thes. ii 349.10 . imma-lē: Dé, LL iii 20149 (= Metr. Dinds. ii 40.58 ). mo-llé: Dé, LL iii 21894 (= Metr. Dinds. iv 96.58 ). imma-llé: mé, Murphy Lyrics 42 § 12 . malé, SR 1161, 1519 . See Ériu liii 136 . Written immal(l)ei, immelei in Wb. only. adv. jointly, together ; at the same time: is hed as técte dúib nébeth immalle `not to be along with [them],' Wb. 9b17 . nabad immalle labritir ` together ,' 13a5 . is immallei rofóitea, 27c35 . imba immalei do occar taithchricc et occar náinsem `will He be at the same time redeeming us and accusing us ?,' 4b16 . hore ataaithsi immelei `because ye are together,' 10a6 . nímmalle act is cach ae foleith, 17d2 . immalle son gl. [cum conuenissent] in unum, Ml. 61b23 . digal for maccu israhel huili immalle, 115a14 . di chanoin anisiu immelle `this is two texts together,' 68d9 . ménogud inna teora ṅguttae immalle `the hiatus of the three vowels together,' Sg. 40b8 . frisambí immalde de aos sruith `in regard to such elderly people as live with him,' Mon. Tall. 152.24 . bennacht Brigte ocus Dé | for-don-rabat immalle, Lib. Hymn. 127. 208 . is malle connub-cabsat | dochum n-Ísu meicc Muire, 103 § 65. aensit Gaoidhil da tredan immelle, AU i 240.4 . geguin ind ele hē ┐ huirt mac a brathar immelle at the same time, Ériu iii 137.58 . immalle dano tāncatar ocus techta Ulad, Sc.M² § 1. atát tri cóecait ... do mnáib ... acum i ndún immalle (: messe), LU 3951. canait ceol ṅgluair immalle, SR 599. cethrar ┐ ceithri cét | ... | raharta im Giric male `were slain along with Quiricus,' Fél. 150.28 . ar co n-diglom malle in maccraid forsna sluagaib, TBC-LL¹ 2514. eagluis fine erluma ocus grin imale `and that of [the owner of] the land at the same time,' Laws iii 74.13 . cethrur in gaband ┐ cethrur don cerd conid ochtur a ndam imalle ` all together ,' v 104.21 Comm. immalle tra dathómlitís a próind, Lat. Lives 92.16 . dlegar díb imalle `from both equally,' PH 6514. trūag in comroc imale | Blāthnad ocus Ferchertne `the struggle together,' Ériu ii 30 § 14. co tairsidis amaille in catha, Anecd. ii 79.8 . dia mbátar and immalle | de dorónad Furbaide (of conjugal union), Metr. Dinds. iv 30.y . ar ni foerlangtar nert ind ḟlatha ┐ ind laith gaile 'moalé, Cymmr. xiv 106 § 5. a haibhne a locha ma le, Content. iv 20.

Used in connection with a space of time, consecutively ?, or perhaps, in all, altogether: secht ṁbliadna lana mole | ... | ó gab Ioseph gloir garta | co aimsir na mórgorta, SR 3381. tri bliadhna deg immaille | rofaemadh Niall caem Caille, Todd Lect. iii 422.5 . ix mbliadna fichet malle | ... | ... | i rríge os Banba bratrúaid, LL 127b7 . naoi fichit bliadain mole ... ba he saogal Moninde, AFM i 168.16 .

Combined with fri (re), la, forming a prep. phrase.

(a) with, along with: do buith immalle fris, Ml. 102a19 . tri buith immalle friu, 47b8 . oc comguidi dae frinni immelle `in joint prayer together with us,' 53b15 . fodaimet immalle lium ón ┐ condogailsegetar lium immalle `who endure along with me and who also are sorrowful along with me,' 87b17 . mad immalde fris doteccme `if thou happen to be beside him,' Mon. Tall. 160.10 . tecmoncuir banscal immaildi fris arsin t[ṡ]éit, 153.20 . da-recmaing immalle fri Conaire ind inbuidse, BDD² 972. leth aithgin mas maille ri t' indilib fein gatar, Laws v 192.8 Comm. geis do dul ría sluagh moale | luan dar belach Duiblinne, BB 267b31 . sith maille frib a teglach uasal `peace be with ye,' D IV 2, 58ra30 . gloir ... duit, a Christ, malle friss-in athair, PH 157. ro-chlaidset immalli frim in duma-sin, 1573 . rotescad a cend don druth cosin cathbarr moaille fris, RC xvi 74 § 122. maille réd uile fhagháil fagh tuigse `with all thy getting get understanding,' Proverbs iv 7. i mbás mhíle do mhíltibh oile maille riú, TSh. 782. i n-a choimhiteacht ┐ immailli friss, Fl. Earls 190.27 .

With (expressing manner): doratsat ... pōic dia chois ... maille fri humhla ┐ reuerens, Fl. Earls 170.18 . do iarr a bheannacht, agus a tug sé sin dó maille le deaghthoil, Maguires of F. § 26. do shiubhail sé maille réna cheann crom `ambulabat demisso capite,' TSh. 8373.

immalle ocus along with: gabais a macc F. fri ré noi mbliadan comrand caemfer malle acus Domnall dianglan `along with active Domnall,' Arch. Hib. ii 49 § 18.

(b) With causal or instrumental force because of, by means of, by reason of, by, in: mailli re comhairle morain do noemaiph `by the advice of many of the saints,' BCC 118.11 . bidh sotheguiscc amailled re comairled duine oile `be docile to the counsel of another,' Ériu v 134 § 79. na hoibrecha donither amailled re crinnacht `deeds done in wisdom,' 138 § 115 . go bhfoillseóchthaoi maille ris cionnus do claochlódhthaoi na daoine `ut in eo ostenderetur qualiter homines ...,' TSh. 3102. an tí ghníomhuigheas maille ré duine oile `qui facit per alium,' 4351 . do éist Dia ré n-a nguidhe maille ré Turgésius do thabhairt ar chumas na nGaedhal `by giving T. into the power of the Irish,' Keat. iii 2782. acht mailli fri ced spesialta ōn pā[pa] nī gnāth a ffaixin `only by special permission,' Fl. Earls 192.12 .

With prep. omitted: coimiltear an corp guleir ... maille tuailib trena `with strong towels,' 23 P 10³, 39b36 . co nderna se obair rodhaingen ... maille diablaideacht ro-mhoir, ITS xix 10.14 .

imm-díla

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imm-díla or dil.ie/27810

 

Forms: díolaim, 'modílfat

v (` ? <imm-dí-láaim, delivers. Cf. O'R. díolaim I release ,' Strachan, VSR): fut. s. 1 manistarlaice ... | meicc Israhel ... | fóidfet mor ndigal dishain | 'modílfat uad ar écin, SR 3836.

láech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. láech or dil.ie/29307
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: laech-airlech, láechbrised, laochbhualadh, Laochlugh, láech-Níall, Láechrí

n o, m. (Lat. laicus, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 203 , but native word according to Watkins, Celtica vi 241 n.l . but see also Ériu xxx 75 ).

(a) layman , as oppd. to manach, occas. oppd. to clérech: laich ┐ laicesa ┐ aes tuaithe adragar fri flaith laymen and laywomen are ruled by their chief, SM Facs. 47a (`heroes and heroines', Laws iii 14.28 ). airchindech laich lay `erenagh', Laws v 118.4 . laich .i. grad flatha, Laws iii 16.1 Comm . luid dochum laich saidbir, LU 1210 . bendacht aine foruib uile laechaibh clerchib, BB 280a7 . i comthinoltaib l.¤ ┐ clerech, IT i 192.16 ( FA 31 ). laoch a laico .i. ōn tūata, Corm. Y 794 . laoch alaico .i. popularis , O'Mulc. 777. i corpaibh laech ┐ laiches ┐ aosa cravaid, Aisl. Tond. 102 § 3 . laech = laicus, Lat. Lives 105.12 . cid clērech glan gāeth / cid lāech cid fer grāid, KMMisc. 264.2 . teichidh d'feraib Teftha, laechaib, cleirchib, RC xviii 292.19 . biaid buaid cleireach ┐ laech uaid dot eis, Irish Texts iii 6.22 .

(b) warrior (eventually in this sense only): cāinlāech Luigdech, AID i 53 § 3 , Celtica xi 125 . Iæch cen locht, AID i 59 § 2 . olc damna laích, LU 4938 ( lōich, TBC-I¹ 453 ). cinnas laeich what kind of warrior, TBC-LL¹ 1813 . is bresta ┐ is mor in laech, YBL 137b23 . tricha set d'airig forgill ┐ cet laech lais, Laws v 46.24 . cet laech .i. fer ad cota buindi (leg. buidin) cet a cath, Laws v 48.7 Comm . ingen lāich as luchru a Laignib, Bruchst. i 18.35 at lāech, a Ḟlaind, 12.20 . laech caem cendlethan, TBC-LL¹ 5205. a láich láin, 3487 . dorinit . . . duma for na degdainib ┐ leca ar laechaib ┐ ferta ar na fenedaib ┐ cnuic ar na curadaib, Ériu viii 56.8 . roḟeit in l.¤ lamḟota, MacCarthy, 206 § 6 . laoich goirminnse finne Fáil, DDána 71.21 . ag leadradh laoch, TSh. 6670. With qual. gen. laich gaili, Sc.M² 6R . TTebe 3384 . Attrib. g s. lamthapad laeich, Grail 3735 .

(c) pagan (a calque on Lat. laicus 'pagan', Ériu xxx 78, 90 ): cetmunter no caillech aithirgi dogní gol for laiech no laithes, Ériu vii 170.7 . erglanad eclaise ó laechaib ┐ laiches[aib] ┐ coitreb caillech, O'Dav. § 542 . Compds. In meaning (b) only. Freq. as expletive and for metrical purposes. With vnn.: laech-airlech, MR 238.16 . láechbrised, Fianaig. 90.17 . laochbhualadh, Comp. CC 130.6 . Also with n. pr. in sense of heroic : Laochlugh, L. Cl. A. B. 97.100 . láech-Níall, Ériu iv 96 § 20. Cf. laechluirc, Anecd. ii 35 § 12. Láechrí see Corp. Gen. Lugaid láechcurach (: curad; láechMuman, v.l.), Three Historical Poems 134 q. 82b (v.l.).

With nouns: ¤aicme: in tres láech-aicmi hErend .i. in Gamanrad i hIrrus Domnand, ┐ cland Dedad hi Temair Lochra, ┐ clanna Rudraige i n-Emain Macha, IT ii2 215.23 . do chlú laochaicme Laighneach, DDána 117.24 . ¤aire : cethrar laech-airech, MR 242.12 . ¤arm: oro ghabh a laocharma, Hugh Roe² 240.27 . ¤bás: laochbhás mo Dhé, Aithd. D. 58.24 . ¤biad: in liach dia lessaighther in laec[h]biad, O'Mulc. 768 . deogh níadh maraen ┐ a laechbhiadh, BB 370a33 . ¤bidbu: in láechbidba, Sc.M² 24c . i lamaib a laechbidbad, MR 154.21 . ¤bile: ar laechbilib lebar-sciath, MR 230.25 . ¤bríg: laechbriga gl. lochbríga, IT i 214.26n . ¤briugu: laechbrugaid amra, IT, ii2 225.1 . ¤bruinne: i cridib curad ┐ i laechbrunnib láech, LL 238b49 ( TTr. 1634 ). ¤buille: laechbhuillibh, Acall. 4740 v.l. ¤chenn: ag faicsin na laochchenn arna leabarchuaillibh, Comp. CC 133.3 . tri láichcind, IT i 102.10 . ¤dair: laochdhairghe, Top. Poems² 882 v.l. ¤dorus: ra línait na láechdorais, LL 227b33 ( TTr. 742 ). brisit . . . laochdoirsi na Bruidne, RC xxi 324.15 . ¤ḟer: ós na laechferaib, ML 84.21 . ¤ḟess feast fit for a warrior : róthail (leg. rothomail) in chummatsin Conid and asbert Eochaid a meic is laechḟes insin. a quo Laechfes ┐ laechfessaich, Rawl. 126b42 -3. ¤ḟoirenn: ar laechḟoirnib Laigen, MR 124.4 . ¤imda: nir luíghis at' laechimdaid, MR 296.13 . ¤irgal: isin laechirghail sin, Stair Erc. 874 . ¤ládus: laochládus iomdha an chon chlamhualaigh `prowess', Ó Bruad. i 80 § 3 . ¤lainne: doficfa a laechluinde, RC xiv 404.20 . ¤lám: Lugh na láechlámha, Anecd. i 31 § 50 . día láochlaimh, Duan. F. ii 96 § 106 . ¤lann: for Muir Libis na laechland, LL 313 . ¤lár: for laeclar tige Temrach, BB 46b16 . laechlár int sídha, Acall. 395 . ¤léim: ic tabairt a laechleime, Acall. 2873 . ¤lenb: co rucadh co tempull na ndee an laechlenub, Stair Erc. 106. ¤lerg: ar an laochleirg, Caithr. CC 19.22 . ¤les: go crīch Laighen na laochles, ML² 849 . ¤lestar: lódmar isin lōechlestar, MacCongl. 35.26 . ¤lía: do saith le a laimh in láochlíag, Duan. F. ii 78 § 48 . ¤loinges: luadail na laechloingsi, Leb. Gab.(i) 80.22 . bás tóesech na loechlongse, LL 1987 . ¤lorg: in laechlorg imreamar iarnaidhi, Stair Erc. 1074 . ¤mac: laochmhac Airt / fraochshlat mur Earcoil ordhairc, L. Cl. A. B. 136.51 . ¤machaire: laechmachaire Laigen, Acall. 4109 , 5234 . laechMachaire Lí, 6045 . ¤mag: os lāechmaig Lí, ACL ii 48 § 15 . ¤marcach: i lLaignib na laechmarcach, ZCP viii 106.5 . ¤míl: saergheinealach . . . an laechmileadh, MR 98.2 . in dá laighin . . . isin laoch-mhílid, ML² 1687. mergeda for crandaib illamaib lóech-miled, PH 2628 . Licid láechmilidh, CCath. 2085 . ¤mír : teora laechmíreanna d'feoil, CCath. 5201 . ¤muinchenn: laechmuinchinn na fairge, SG 242.35 . ¤muinntir: ag gach . . . dar laochmhuinntir, DDána 384.21 . ¤múr: tar uilinn laochmhúir na hEmhna, Ériu viii 134.20 . ¤nós: mac Loegaire co laech-nos, BB 230b20 . ¤recht: mac Lugdech in laechrechta, MacCarthy 198 § 4. ¤smech (smeig): a leacan a laec-smeigead, MR 184.y . ¤thech: barracks : doratad . . . isin laechtech mór bói ar comair drechi in dúnaid, LL 253b46 . etir loech-thigib ┐ griananaib ┐ tigib talman, YBL 181b4 ( SG 255.30 ). ¤thenga: cossa, láma, láech-thengtha (in a list of guarantees), Metr. Dinds. iii 10.112 . ¤úall: mac Lugdech na laechuaille, BB 230b25 .

With adjj.

(a) ¤banna: ingen Lugdach loechbanna, Metr. Dinds. ii 84.54 . ¤beóda: do ghaibh go lúthmhar laochbheódha . . . aige laochbhualadh, Comp. CC 130.8 . ¤bres: co líth-baile láechbress, Metr. Dinds. iv 176 § 5 . ¤buan: inmain lecht l., Sc.M² 24a . ¤dána: co láechdána leómanda, Comp. CC 109.31 . ¤dond: fogur gotha . . . / meicc láechduind Locha F., Ériu iv. 96.4 . ¤imda: longphort . . . laoch-iomdha, ML 74.13 . ¤lán: ba lucht do cach luiṅg laechláin, LL 357 ( laechbain, BB 21a31 ). ¤mall: síl Labrada láech-maill, Metr. Dinds. iii 12.144 . ¤mas: ua Mogha lámha laochmhais, Caithr. CC 75 . senchas Átha Luain laechmaiss, Metr. Dinds. iii 366.4 .

(b) With adjj. formed from nouns: ¤buillech: ingin lescbáin láech-buillig, Metr. Dinds. i 8.38 . ¤ḟessach: see ¤ḟess above. ¤armach: longport lethan laocharmach, AFM vi 2098.19 .

laine

Cite this: eDIL s.v. laine or dil.ie/29419

 

n band, company, host : nachastathigi aes baeth, / mná no meicc no l.¤ laech (classes of persons prohibited from entering the Tabernacle), SR 4382 . natiastais aidid ṅgorta / inna-lainib lomnochta, 3408 . lainib lánaib for rig recht / isshé anarim firchert (of the companies of Heaven), 557 . lainib láechaib a lánlín (of numbering the Host of Israel), 5004 . lainib ligdaib, 5634 .

lén

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lén or dil.ie/29889

 

Forms: liuin, leoin, león, -liuna, len

n o, m. (? orig. n., see n pl. below) g s. liuin(?), Fianaig. 10 § 4. ZCP x 295.31 . leoin, Lism. L. 3206. d s. león, TBC-LL¹ 4939. ? n pl. -liuna, Ériu viii 173.30 . g pl. len, BCrólige 61 . IGT Decl. § 61.

(a) defeat, hurt, injury, misfortune, sorrow : ar srengail nAileollo asin chath mad fair no maidset nō ar guin Conchobair mad fair bad lēn, TBC-I¹ 3540 (= róen, TBC-LL¹ 5880 ). nocho rabadais lá liúin, LL 6861 (cf. lá madma, 6857 ). l.¤ catha, Acall. 4964 . uathmhar magh a mbia léan, Études Celt. iv 123.2 . trí ata mesa do ḟlaith: l.¤, brath, míairle defeat(?), Triads 243 (`sloth'). imonrōiraid, bāg ma liūin, / totim la hóga aniūil fight of my defeat(?), Fianaig. 10 § 4 (leg. immonróirad, ed.). bruig Banba fo l.¤ / ni scél crotha caín, LU 9881 . domrigne losc l.¤ , LL 18583 ( PRIA xix 548 § 26 ). cuibiur Glindi Ridi . . . / on gaeith acher dogeip len, RC xi 131.50 . noco torchair Cormac cas / gan len ar a aireachus `with his sovereignty unimpaired', ZCP xi 42 § 23. ar do ḟlaith cen lēn (to God), ACL iii 232 § 7 . is mairg aṅces a bidbaid / inn inbaid do chora i ll.¤ when he is defeated, LL 18456 ( PRIA xix 544 § 19 ). mo chomergi-sea assin león ┐ assin chess i rraba, TBC-LL¹ 4939 . atchiu ár ar Eoganchaib / atchiu l.¤ ar Aidnechaib, SG 373.23 . cēn gair cech fān imthéit lēn `sooner or later every wandering comes to grief', Ériu ix 48 § 23 (tr. s.v. fán). bad (= bat) frialmach debtha . . . arna tormastar fort iliuna len lighe so that the many sufferings of the sickbed may not be added to you(?) (reading tormasatar . . . il-liuna lēn-lighe), viii 173.30 (cf. phr. lige líuin below). les-ainm lenus .i. inní is len no is lista leis do radha ris `grievous', Laws v 230.3 Comm . Cf. i 192.1 Comm . is fír ég Í Eidirsceoil, / l.¤ na gcrich d'a chomhatmáil, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 328.13 . cen len cen erchra forru, PH 4126 . feasach mé ar bhás Uí Dhuibhne / ní doilghe liom léan oile, Oss. iii 296.10 . cen labra len, Lism. L. 2137 (: scēl). an léan fhuair gé do fhidir though He knew the grief she had suffered, DDána 69.11 . a chros ós chionn na leirge, / tuar leoin dar lucht aoincheirde, 65.10 . Cf. 8.8 . rí . . . / nar airigh léan budh léan dó, PBocht 16.9 . creach ar chreich an t-ég-sin Airt / l.¤ ar l.¤ , L. Cl. A. B. 257.138 . a n-uabhar súd, a rúin, na hagair / ní 'sa mhó ar na leointibh laga, Ó Bruad. i 46 xliv . Attrib. g s. ? a .h. chuind a charbat leanaim leoin acuing etc. injury-inflicting (?), IT iii 85 § 78. oglaich liuin ┐ laich leadartha, MR 288.11 . In phr. lige lén (líuin, léoin) sick-bed, state of being injured or ill : ina otharli(u)g[i]u len `on his sick-bed of pain', BCrólige 61 . ? Cf. liun no len .i. toiscidh lesugtha no leptha ut est na bī meirg miliun (miliuin, v.l.) .i. mitoiscid no milesaighthi no mileptha no milen ┐ faill, O'Dav. 1150 . toirberis maolduirne meince fair . . . ┐ do fagaibh 'na luighi liuin ar lár an atha é, ZCP x 295.31 . ō domrala i llige leōin, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1918, 371 § 1 . na roscurthea int ech . . . / noco lessed lige líuin `till he should lie down forwearied', Metr. Dinds. iv 66.107 . isin luighe liúinn ┐ lanesláinte, Ériu v 88.37 . Cf. viii 173.30 cited above.

In later lang. in phrases expressing grief, dismay: mo léun tu, a Oisín, uaim! alas that I have lost thee, Oss. iv 246.8 . buain na craoibhe, mo lá leóin, Studies 1926, 77 § 2 . mo léan-sa . . . / saobhadh do chéadfaidh, Keat. Poems 557. mo léan nach faicim a shamhailt, 1469 . mo lá léin-se, a Éire . . . / an chréim seo . . . do thárla leat, Hackett xv 1 . tug gan treóir mílidhe is mná / lá leóin ar tírine thú thy loss is our land's calamity, IGT Decl. ex. 1322.

(b) idleness, sloth, inertia (?): féil fir nád char corplén, Fél. June 22 . anmchara ac forcetal scēl, / senchaid lessaiges cen lēn, ACL iii 223.22 . celebram is cuimrigem / cen lobra, cen lēn, 314 § 22. hi teirt roguidset cen l.¤ / na tri mec ┐ Danhél, KMMisc. 148.9 . is ed dlegar don aos gaoth / . . . / . . . airnaighthe nād lēn / ┐ forcedal fann trēn, ZCP vii 298.2 .

(c) Of persons one who is unable to defend himself (or his interests) because of his youth, debility, etc.: nī lūad nach liūin `it is not the praise of any weakling', Misc. Hib. 43 (: Briūin). nochon ḟuilgitis na liūin / buille Fergusa fortriūin, ZCP viii 217 § 9 (cf. meicc beca, § 8 ). In legal context infant, minor : ni haclaidh selb tuinidhi liuin na labra na ainbfis, O'Curry 2470 ( Eg. 88, 38a ) .i. nocha tabair aclaidh ar in liuntach, arin mac bec, O'Curry 428 ( H 3.18, 233a ). Note also: cóic ingena ind láich, nár liúin `of the hero, who was no sluggard', Metr. Dinds. iii 88.17 . mo dhá dhaltán níorsad liúin, Content. i 1 . nirb obair liúin ro-dus-clái `no idle man's work', Metr. Dinds. iii 122.42 .

The follg. exx. could be referred to either (a) or (b): Cormac cen l.¤ , LU 4173 (`free from sorrow', Metr. Dinds. ii 14.57 ). tosach lubra l.¤ , Anecd. iii 16.18 . ferr lēn lubra, 20.2 . cid canat tonna, toirm trén, / cen nach l.¤ (cheville), SR 7898.

Compds. ¤alt: loingsigh co len-alt (: mēlacht) `sorry plight', Misc. Hag. Hib. 28.16 . ¤lige sick-bed, see Ériu viii 173.30 cited above.

1 mac, macc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 mac, macc or dil.ie/31166
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: macc, mac, maicc, meicc, meic, mec, mic, mic, meic, meic, mic, macc, maic, maic, meicc, meic, mec, mic, mic, maccu, macu, macca, macc, maccu, macu, mhaca, mac, maccu, mic, Macniadh, Mág, Méig

n o, m., Generally written in MSS. with contraction m̅c̅ in all forms; when written out, the double consonant is usual in O.Ir., but it is sometimes written single when final, rarely when medial. n s. macc, Wb. 1d9 , 6d6 , 13b29 , 13d10 , Ml. 25b5 . mac, Wb. 13d11 , 32c15 . g s. maicc, Wb. 13b30 , Ml. 17c3 , 7 ; meicc , TBC-LL¹ 801 , 863 , 913 (usual O.Ir. and early Mid.Ir. form). meic, Laws ii 162.13 , TBC-LL¹ 847. mec, IT i 107.2 (H.). mic (later Mid.Ir. and Mod.Ir.); in IGT Dec. ex. 702 `mic' is said to be incorrect, the correct form being `meic'. v s. a meic! Acall. 2933. a mic!, SCC 26 , 29 . n du. da macc , Wb. 4c12 , Ml. 26b14 . n p. (O. and early Mid.Ir.) maicc, Wb. 4c6 , 9a13 . maic, 21b2 , 30b14 . in maic , BDD 9. meicc , Hy. ii 37 ; TBC-LL¹ 6198. meic, 1372 . mec, PH 3770 , 5595 , etc. tri mic , IT i 121.1 (= maic LU); Laws ii 66.15 . Mod. mic. a p. maccu, Wb. 11a30 , 19c15 , 33a15 , Ml. 33c16 ; Hy. i 29. macu, Laws iii 398.7 . macca, Hib. Min. 4.118 . g p. macc, Wb. 23a9 ; Ml. 34c7 . v p. a maccu ! TBC-LL¹ 906. a macu ! ZCP xi 44 § 60. a mhaca ! ib. § 54 . mac, IGT Dec. § 15.

I A son: in Glosses = Lat. filius. gl. filius, Ir. Gl. 407 , natus 408 .

(a) in strict sense: amal ṅguidess athir a macc, Wb. 24d19 . adim-maicc mihi et am athir-se uobis ye are sons, 9a13 . athair ┐ mac ┐ ua, Laws i 238.8 . batar oc Saul mac Ciss . . . cethri meic . . . tri ingena, SR 6517. macc int ṡaír son of the wright, Fél. Aug. 14. ro tuisim Noi tri maccu, MacCarthy 286b . teora meic ag Noi, ib. ná caoin inghean, ná caoin mac, Keat. Poems 599. mac athar do Mag Uidhir M.'s half-brother on the father's side, AFM iv 966.13 . mac mathar som do Chiaran uterine brother, ZCP viii 315.4 . mac sethar a sister's son, TBC-I¹ 530. nochon ḟidir mac duine no son of man (i.e. no mortal), ZCP vii 303 § 9. ni muirbithir m.¤ mna lium, PH 400. trí fichid míle mac máthar mother's sons (i.e. men), Hackett xl 112 . Preced. by adj.: ardmac rig, ro-mac Nesa, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 28.13 = Laws iv 346. degmac Domnaill, SR 2376. drochmac Iesse, 6138 . Abel mormac Adaim, Mart. Don. 22. ríg-mac, ACC § 111. Esp. used in apposition to npr.m., folld. by gen. of father's name: co Duid m.¤ nIesse, SR 2318. rigdal itir Donnchad m.¤ nDomnaill ┐ Fiachnae m.¤ nAedho, AU 783. Rarely with mother's name: Conchobar m.¤ Nessa, Fergus m.¤ Róich, Ailill m.¤ Mata, Muirchertach m.¤ Erca. Folld. by DO instead of gen.: Ailill mac mic d'Ollomain, MacCarthy 168.8 . Othalinus . . . ba m.¤ don Otha hermor, SR 2366.

In relig. lit. of Christ, the Son (as distinct from the Father), oftenabsol. and without art.: m.¤ ¤ na deachte, Wb. 32c15 . is macc míastar in die iudici it is the Son who will judge, 1d9 . asberat . . . as laigiu deacht maicc indaas deacht athar, Ml. 17c7 , cf. 24d23 . i n-oentaid na trinoti, athar ┐ meic ┐ spiruta noim, PH 1445. Also called mac Maire, Hy. i 1. SR 8145. m.¤ na hOge ebraide, 8277 . m.¤ in duine the Son of man, PH 2272 , 3070 , 3157 . m.¤ duine, 5041 .

Folld. by a gen. or adj. in various semi-technical and legal expressions: atait tri mic beoathar la Fene .i. mac huar ┐ m.¤ De ┐ m.¤ ailte, ZCP xiii 23.10 . mac De, mac som bis i tesgaire a athar ina timaircnib techtaib; co na comidethar cos nā lam, ib. 16 . m.¤ cétmuintire son of a spouse, legitimate son : atáit .ii. ara-randat orba fri mac cētmuinntire, CIH v 1547.6 . mac ōighe .i. mac cētmuindtire, CIH iv 1296.33 . is dīles do mac na cētmuinntiri in cinniu[d]-sin, CIH v 1547.26 . mac cope .i. donither re mac caille (leg. maccaillig?) son of a nun (?), O'Dav. 415. m.¤ doirche (.i. in m.¤ donither i ndorcaidetu) a son begotten in secrecy (?), Laws v 452.16 . m.¤ foesma `son of protection' (an adoptive son), see fóesam. m.¤ gor a son who supports his father, Laws iii 56.20 , opp. to m.¤ ingor, ib. 30 . See also 2 gor. m.¤ muini a bastard , see 1 muine. mic mhuinntire (= filii familias), TSh. 5120. m.¤ óg a celibate : Mel Bre(n)ind Ua Ronain, ardepscop iarthar Herend, in mc. og 'eminent bishop of the west of Ireland, the celibate', AI 296 (s.a. 1161.4) . mc. og ┐ uasalshacart 'a celibate and noble priest', AI 324 (s.a. 1197.5) . See also m.¤ óige s.v. III (b). m.¤ óige = m.¤ cétmuintire: mac ōighe .i. mac cētmuindtire, CIH iv 1296.33 . mac óigh trā is ē-side fo-coisle orba .i. foxlas seilb .... mac óighe .i. cētmuindter, CIH v 1547.3 . m.¤ sanaise a son not acknowledged by his father, opp. to m.¤ súla an acknowledged son, see Laws iii 542.7 , O'Dav. 1044 , 1245 . m.¤ scrīne .i. m.¤ so rinne re coibdelaig ina richt fein a son begotten in incest (?), H 3.18, 227a ( O'Curry 413 ). m.¤ soirche a legitimate or acknowledged son (?), O'Dav. 95.

Rarely of the young of animals: macc bó a bullock , CRR 4. damh . . . .i. m.¤ bó, BNnÉ 122 § 61.

In compos. with ban-, a daughter: feadair ferinnsce for baninnsce intan asberar: is e in banmhac sa, Auraic. 531.

(b) in looser sense a male descendant; esp. in pl. folld. by gen. of ancestor to denote a tribe or people (not a native usage, the words maicne, maccu and being used by Irish tribes): ar maccaib Israhel, Wb. 11a28 . soirad mac nIsrahel, Ml. 53d1 . meic Israhel, SR 5475. fri claind mac nIsrahél, 3710 . ic maccaib Israel, PH 5071. meicc Emir meicc Erimon, Hy. ii 37. Cf. also: Iohain már macc ṅErenn of Erin's sons, Fél. Sept. 26. eter gelmaccaib Gaedel, Ériu iv 96 § 7 ( LL 33b45 ). m.¤ Goill (i.e. one of English descent), AU iii 506.

II A boy and sometimes loosely a young person in general: sainreth do maccaib a pélogud particular to boys (gl. puerorum), Sg. 45b6 . i tabairt mic for muin i tech carrying a boy, Laws i 174.32 . urcor flescaig is eside macc bundsaighe (.i. mac diubraices in mbunsaig), iv 134.16 , 140.1 . biit tri choecaid macc and oca cluithi, TBC-I¹ 368. maic becca doairchellat cethra, Ériu ii 206 § 26. do fhuil mac mbec, PH 382. cen mna cen maccu not counting women or children, SR 4031. ra batar mnaa ┐ meicc ┐ mindoene ac coíniud, TBC-LL¹ 6198. cu ra ainitis uli feraib maccaib mnaib, PH 6309. idir mhaca mnaoi is fir, Keat. Poems 614. eter maccaib beccaib (alluding to girls), IT i 131.26 . Occasionally of youths or grown persons: ruri anacht tri maccu a surnn tened (i.e. the three Holy Children). Hy. i. 29 , cf. Fél. Ap. 28 , Ep. 507. rí roshicc . . . forsin tsét na dá mac dall, SR 7682. atchondairc-si . . . cruth ┐ comdelb . . . cech meic ┐ cach miled, LL 221a7 . cethrur ingen Dubthaig dil, | cethri maic dóibsium demnig (i.e. lovers), Metr. Dinds. iii 72.

III Folld. by gen. in various fig. and technical expressions:

(a) denoting calling or function: m.¤ eclaise ` son of (the) church', a churchman, cleric: oen m.¤ [ec]ulsa forarsaidh . . . ic cantain a urnuighthe, RC xiv 58 § 72. tri maic ecalsa do muintir na cleirech, Acall. 2888. co tri cetaib sacart ┐ co tri milibh mac n-ecalsa, AU ii 86.2 . clier ┐ meic eguilsi in baile, Fl. Earls 34.24 . AFM vi 1924.22 . m.¤ foglama a student: felmac . . . .i. m.¤ foghlamæ, O'Mulc. 512. oráit annso dona macaib fogluma, Ériu ii 224.11 . m.¤ léginn a (clerical) student , O'Mulc. 688. m.¤ legind, Lat. Lives 82 (= scolaige ib.). i(c) macc leginn i nArdmacha, RC xx 176. Possibly also the expression m.¤ airbe (name for a `macfuirmid'?), see Laws iv 360.6 and muc(c)airbe below.

(b) fig. and alleg.: ce notad maic-si raith sons of grace , Wb. 33b8 . maicc tairngiri sons of (the) promise , 4c6 . guide cech maicc lére `of every son of piety', Fél. Ep. 428. macc umalóti ┐ erlatad buide do Dia, PH 4204. mac aptha = mac báis: bát úaiti meic aptha (mic bháis, v.l.) na cille so 'the lost souls of your cemetery shall be few', Beatha Bharra 64.128 . m.¤ báis `a son of death', a wicked man , opp. to m.¤ bethad `a son of life', a righteous man (often of a professed religious) : tairbirid illatu pían n-ecsamail dona maccaib bais, FA 1. eccraibdech ┐ macc báis, Trip. 220.15 . a meic in báis!, PH 2426. m.¤ bethad, Trip. 84.20 ( .i. cin pecath, ACL iii 37 ). sochuidhi do macuibh bethad, etir apstala ┐ desciplu, Lism. L. 3938. tigherna . . . mhórtha mhac mbethadh ┐ riagtha mhac mbáis, AFM vi 2296. mainistir . . . i mbáttar meic bhethadh d'ord S. Fronséis, 2218.7 . m.¤ ceanta .i. m.¤ échta, O'Cl. (`a son of achievement' P. O'C. ). m.¤ mallachtan `son of a curse' = m.¤ báis: comtinól na mac mallachtan, FA 1. comaittreb . . . ina mac mallachtan (of Hell), PH 4332. dosbera na maccu mallachtu . . . isin tenid suthain, 7285 . do macaibh mallacht ┐ do lucht dénma uilc, AFM iii 286.25 . m.¤ meda `son of mead', a heavy drinker , Anecd. ii 35 § 8. m.¤ míraith a graceless person (?), Acall. 1884 (`son of mishap' O'Gr.). m.¤ ochta `bosom-son', a favourite, darling: sacart ┐ m.¤ ochta rig nime, Acall. 2462. rob m.¤ ochta aireachta cach mac buan dod bhroind-ḟine, Leb. Cert. 194. See also (c) below.

m.¤ óige a celibate : uasal-easpoc Erenn ┐ an m.¤ oighe, RC xviii 52.4 (Tig.). comharba Colaim Cille, ┐ Adhamhnáin, saoi, ┐ epscop, ┐ mac oicce, AFM ii 762.6 . Oengus mc. Cathain, in t-epscop ┐ in mc. óge 'the bishop and the celibate', AI 202 (s.a. 1036.6). See also m.¤ óg.

m.¤ uilc an evildoer: meic uilc ní thiset n-ar ndáil, LL 308b1 = SG 389.18 . m.¤ na tráth `son of the canonical hours' (of a cleric), Acall. 4614 , 6769 .

(c) of things or animals: m.¤ alla `son of a cliff', echo: co cuala sum . . . guth in meic alla aca ḟrecra asin charraic, LL 165b30 . ro bai a m.¤ alla isna trachtaibh re med a muirni, Aen. 992. ro lin m.¤ alla na gairi sin mothra ┐ caillti, CCath. 5624. ro baoi m.¤ alla gheimi an drúith sin aieor, RC xxiv n. 2 . AFM vi 2130.11 . As name of a drinking-horn , Acall. 133.

m.¤ bronn a species of metrical composition: aircetal aire dna ataait .x. fodla fair-side .i. m.¤ bronn, etc., BB 299a25 .

m.¤ formuin (? for 1 muin) apparently name of some joint or portion of meat allotted to certain ranks in the Tech Midchuarta at Tara: LL 29b19 , 35 and diagram = YBL 419b3 (where the reading of facs. appears to be m̅c̅ armuin), 13 and diagram (in all cases with contraction); mac formuin, H 3.18, p. 362b ( O'Curry 771 ). Petrie's Tara 175 fg. expands as `muc formuin' and translates pig's shoulder , comparing 1 formna.

m.¤ greche .i. eitne cnó a kernel , Ériu ii 5.10 (Amra Conroí).

m.¤ imblissen pupil (of the eye): amal in macc n-imblissen (gl. ut pupillam), Ml. 39c3 . dona maccu imlesaib (gl. pupillis), Gild. Lor. 118. m.¤ imresan (gl. pupilla), Ir. Gl. 80. is he tene na súla in m.¤ imlesen, SCC 17. tri maic imlissen cechtar a dá súla, TBC-I¹ 35. oensúil . . . ┐ tri maic imlessen inte, BDD 44. méit mac imlesan duine, Ériu ii 134 § 115. teit radarc . . . on incind cu mic imrisan na sul, ITS xiv 54.

m.¤ ochta name of a joint or portion of meat?, heart (?) (or read mucca ochta 'suckling pigs', Loinges mac nDuíl Dermait 65 ). ba si airigid ban Ulad . . . .i. secht ndaim ┐ secht tuirc ┐ secht ndabcha . . . ┐ secht nglaininí ┐ secht m̅c̅ ochta, IT ii1 173 (perhaps a vessel or measure).

m.¤ óe liver: in macc hoe tredluighthe (gl. trifidium iecur), Gild. Lor. 213.

m.¤ snáma `son of swimming' (kenning for some large fish or sea-monster?), Corm. Y 948.

m.¤ tíre `son of (the) country', wolf: Eg. Gl. 313. BDD 66. im macu tiri, Laws i 160.2 Comm. sod maic tire female wolf, TBC-I¹ 1720. pl. mic thíri, BS 76.3 . (mod.) na meictíreadha ag inghréim an tréuda, Hard. ii 310. (fig.) gach uile Eagluis do chaomhna ó chundtabhartaibh na macdtire, Carswell 77.

With adj.: m.¤ salach `dirty lad', a toad , gl. bufo, Thes. ii 235.8 (reading doubtful).

m.¤ ar muin name of a defect in prosody , IGT Introd. § 2.

IV Folld. by a gen. or adj. mac is often used to form masc. proper names, or sobriquets. Exx. from lit.: Mac Brocc, Cóir Anm. 45. Mac Caille, Hy. v 15. m.¤ Cécht (son of power? of the plough?), one of the Tuathan Kings; cf. Macc Cecht (name of a smith), Trip. 250.24 . m.¤ Cuill (s. of hazel?), a Tuathan king, cf. Trip. 220.15 . Lugaid Mac Con, Cóir Anm. 61.71 . Lugaid Mac tri con, IT i 108.2 . Mac Dā Recht, ZCP xiii 356.7 . Mac Dá Thó (s. of the two mutes), IT i 96 (= Med. and Mod. Ir. Ser. vi 1 , and see Preface, p. i ). Mac in Daimh, Imr. Brain i 61. Bec mac Dé in fáid, LL 371b17 . LB 260b12 . Mac Gréine, a Tuathan king. Mac ind Óc (`s. of the two Young Ones', Stokes, RC xxvi 60 ), sobriquet of Óengus mac in Dagda, also called Mac Óc, IT i 132.13 : in mac Óc, ib. 7 . Macc Tāil (`son of adze'), Trip. 250.25 .

With adj. m.¤ Riabhach, m.¤ Solas (names of drinking-horns), AFM iii 110.2 ; 34.7 . AU ii 188.

From history: m.¤ na haidhche, AU ii 72.2 ; 134.19 ; cf. mac(h) na hoidhche (gl. Thitheus), Ir. Gl. 546. Macbeathadh, AU 1014 , 1041 . Macētigh (< étig ugly?), 936 ; Macēitigh, 950 ; mac Mic Etigh, 896 . Maclēighinn, 988 . Mac Líag ardollamh Erend (s. of a leech), 1016 . Mac Lochlainn (s. of a Dane), 1051 . Maccnia, 701 ; Macnio, 708 ; g s. Macniadh , 751 . Cf. Mac Niad (.i. Mac Con), Cóir Anm. 220. Macoac (= m.¤ óc?), AU 787. Macoigi, 801 ; Maccoigi, 874 ; dormitatio Maccoiged, 752 (cf. mac óige III b above). Macoirbb, 809 . Mac Oncon, 729 (see onchú). Macriaghoil, 821 . Mac ind shaer (s. of the wright), 766 . m.¤ na cerda (sobriquet), 874 .

After the introduction of surnames (10th-11th cent.), mac folld. by gen. n.pr. m. becomes a common form of surname and often changes to Mág (gen. Méig); the usage is extended to foreign names. Flaithbertach Mag Uidhir, AU ii 442.2 (an. 1327 ). Cormac Mag Coscraidh, AU iii 430.24 . Cormac óg m.¤ C. m.¤ T. Meg Ca, AU iii 428.3 . mac Airt Meg Uidhir, iii 10.9 (1383) . Raghnall mac Mic Raghnaill, ii 196.8 (1179) . do clainn Raghnaill Meg Raghnaill, iii 12.20 (1384) .

COMPDS. Forms less or more stable compds. with a follg. subst., generally with sense youthful, pertaining to a boy or child . ¤bachall f. a boy's staff: macb. a ainm . . . ar bith na [leg. a = i?] laim na macæim, BColm. 46.10 . a s. macbachaill, ib. 3 . ¤brat m., in pl. child's clothes, swaddling-clothes: ba fóglainntid . . . he asa macbrataib ┐ asa naidendacht, Alex. 810. an tan robuí ina mhacbhrataibh, Hugh Roe fo. 15 a . asa aóididh ┐ asa mhacbrataibh (sic leg.), fo. 73 a . ¤brethaid son-bearer: v s. a macbrethaig glórdai (of the Virgin Mary), Ir. Lit. 48 = LB 74a53 (see Ériu 9.85 , footnote 2). ¤cerd f. youthful art: pl. maccerdda Conculaind, TBC-I¹ 732. ¤cless m. juvenile feat: do mebhraighis do mhacchleasa, MR 302.5 . ¤comlond m.: ba handsa . . . frithalum a mha[c]comlaind, Aen. 2570. ¤dalta m. a young fosterling: caeca macdalta, IT ii2 192 . ¤daltus m.: co m. do chill i forcanar `son-fosterage to the church in which he is taught', O'Dav. 956. ¤dán m.: caraid . . . a maccdán, Thes. ii 293 ( SP ii 4 ); 'youthful art' CMCS lvii 3 § 2 . ¤díre `boy-fine', fine or honour-price payable in case of a boy? cia luigium hi maicdirib? (.i. cia mac is lugu eneclann), H 2.15A p. 17b ( O'D. 1017 ). ¤dond m. a youthful chief? Níall menmnach m., Ériu iv 110 § 72 a . ¤drettel m. a young favourite: Fráech . . . macdreittel ríg Síde ṅHerend, LL 250b36 = TBFr. 262 ( Med. and Mod. Ir. Ser. v ). a macdrettil Emna!, FB 11. ¤drúth m. an idiot boy: m. .i. a cinn a .vii. mbliadan, H 3.17 c. 265 ( O'D. 344 ). ¤fine sons of a family: mār maccḟine aīn-rīg, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 17 § 2 ( Rawl. 124a = marfine, LL 387a17 ). ¤firt f. a miracle performed in boyhood: do macfertuibh inni noem-Patraic, Lism. L. 132. i soscéla na mac[ḟ]erta the Gospel of the Infancy, LB 139b8 . See V. SS. Hib. vol. i p. xxxiv . ¤flaith a youthful chief: Mál in mac[ḟ]laith, Acall. 2503. do mhacḟlaith Mumhan, Leb. Cert. 36.1 . ¤gním a boy's deed, exploit: da mbetis na gníma óclachais aice feib atát na macgníma, TBC-LL¹ 984. 1388 . indister a macgnimaib Samsoin . . . iat, LB 128a18 . ¤gnímrad: pl. macgnimrada Conculaind, TBC-LL¹ 864. macgnímartha Find, RC v 195. ¤laeg m. a young calf: mac (.i. bec) laog, LL 393a45 (term of endearment?). ¤lebar m. a book copied from another: a maicleabhar Lecan Mhec Fhirbisigh sin this is from a copy of the Book of L., Todd Nenn. p. ciii . leis gach leabhar a mhaicleabhar, Keat. iii 1395. pl. micleabhair, 484 . ¤lenb a boy-child: fad'mhaicleanb, A. Ó Dálaigh xix 12. ¤lendán a sweetheart: is é ba maclendan don ingin, RC vi 175.50 . maicleannan (of a woman), CF 244. ¤léine a boy's tunic: coeca maclene, IT ii2 191 . ¤naidm n. a bond entered into by children: rucus imdilsi eter macnadmann, ZCP xv 332 § 24. ¤noídiu a male infant, a young son: noídiu [maccnaídiu, Eg.] Conaire maic Etersceoli, BDD 106. ¤ogam .i. ogam ban torrach (a species of Ogham), Auraic. 5774. ¤slicht: in pl. macslechta sections in the laws dealing with the various classes of sons: bretha for maicslechta .i. . . . for sloinntib no for aisneithe mac, Eg. 88, fo. 16d ( O'Curry 2231 ). bretha for macslechtaib, H 4.22, p. 26 ( O'Curry 1993 ). ¤thairngertaid m. a boy who was promised: mactharṅgertaid Dé, SR 3077. ¤thairngertach a `promised son': an macthairngertach mórghlondach Aódh Rúadh, Hugh Roe, fo. 10 a . ¤thoísech m. a young chief: bó gach mactoisig, Fen. 92.25 . aenraghu mactaisech Erenn, AU ii 482. With adj. ¤amrae wondrous son: samlai, | a Maire, do macamrai Mary, the like of your wondrous son Blathm. 26 . ¤dall blind person: fége do roscaib macdall 'keenness to the eyes of the blind' 146 . ¤ḟind fair son: ar do macind irgabáil 'for the captivity of your beautiful son' 6 .

With npr.: menmna macc-Néill mullaig máel-Themra of young Niall, Ériu iv 98 § 28.

Other compds. treated separately.

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