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aidemm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aidemm or dil.ie/870

 

Forms: aidimm, idim, uidim, udaim, ughaim, audaim

n ā, f. Also aidimm i, m. See GOI p. 163 . Found in a great variety of forms: idim, uidim, udaim, ughaim, audaim etc.

The general sense is instrument, implement, tool used in a variety of applications, see Plummer, Ériu x 118 . aidmi oipretho pectho ref. to membris nostris, Wb. 3c14 . arnaib aidmib gl. pro instrumentís uindictæ, Ml. 54b4 . ind adim (in adim, MS.) gl. instrumentum est diuinae iustitiae, 49b7 (see GOI loc. cit.); ?read i n-adim as an instrument, Plummer MS. notes. Of musical instruments: alaaile aidme ceuldae, Ml. 51c5 . aláaili aidme in chiuil, 89a9 . it hæ didiu ind aidmi asmbeirsom .i. organa , 8 . inna aidmi (a pl.) gl. instrumenta musica, 75c3 . caraid som inna aidmi in chiuil amal carthar inducbál, 4 . anmand aidmi ciuil, Auraic. 1482 . Of writing-implements: Tadhcc . . . do sgrib an beccan sin . . . le drochaidhme, L. Chl. S. 74.5 . Of shaving-implements: aidhme in berrtha, Lism. L. 2630 . Of agricultural implements etc.: aidme claidi in talman, Trip.² 921 . cona aidhmibh iarnaidhe . . . an talam do tochailt dona haidmibh, BNnÉ 323 § 34 . cen chlaidbe adma fige `without rods or implements of weaving', Metr. Dinds. iv 332.30 . aidhme legha, H 3.18, 71c11 . Of travel-requisites: aidmi na conaire, TTr.² 590 . na huile aidhme ro báidhid innte ó chen, AFM iii 42.9 . aidmi gl. armamenta nauis ( Acts xxvii 19 ), Thes. i 498.27 (Ardm.) ra iarraidit as cech aird a h-adbara ┐ a áidimmi (of building a ship), LL 218b31 ( TTr. 122 ). Of sports-requisites: a aidhme ainesa, TBC St. 908 . aidme (aidhbena, v.l.) ainesa, TBC-LL¹ 2247 . Of weapons: fo aicni na haidhme dar feradh in fuiliuga[dh] according to the nature of the weapon with which the wound was inflicted, O'D. 874 ( H 3.17, c. 627 ). mas tre ésce ferfaithir na cneda, cibe aidim trisa ferthair, 2323 ( Rawl. B 506 fo. 34a ). cach udhim aidmillti, CCath. 4139 . dorónsat gaill aidhme iongnaithe damhainsi ealadhan ┐ inntlechta, AFM iii 280.w . focerdsi iolar ndaoine go hEirinn cona n-aidhmibh techta leo 'with the necessary arms', vi 2000.6 , cf. ataat a aidmi téchte lasin n-aidchi (leg. aithech? Notes), BDD² 1355 . aidhme toghla an chaisteoil do dhénamh leó, AFM vi 1980.6 . Of furniture, vessels, etc.: aidmib h-in airc . . . co h-ulib, LB 123a47 . do denamh na hairce gos na haidhmibh ros foghain di, Leb. Gab.(i) 8.20 . fa hiad aidhme a adhbhadh, DDána 83.13 . Esp. of ecclesiastical utensils: huanaib aidmib noibaib robatar hi tempul, Ml. 74a13 . aidme altoire, Laws i 232.4 = itmi a.¤ , O'Curry 809 ( H 3.18, p. 374a ). in altóir cona haidmib téchtaib, Ériu i 219 § 6 . ruc brait móir a cathraig ṅDé / ┐ romill a aidme, ZCP iii 19.19 . mess cet n-unga do aidmib aiffrinn Ceallaig, AU ii 98.5 . crosa ┐ polaire ┐ tiagha leabur ┐ aidhme eclusdai arcena, Lism. L. 968 . aidme coiserca .i. airc . . . in coimded ┐ na table cloche . . ., YBL 169a18 . ? a cethair soisgéla ana láim féin ┐ sceota na n-aidhbheagh ar muin cléirigh re chois, Imr. Brain 64.10 = sceota na n-aidhbéadh, 31 . Of plough-traces, harness: no ticcedh damh allaidh . . . gusan seisrigh no gusan ughaim ┐ do theigedh 'san ughaim uadha féin, ZCP x 4.12 . do chuir a nughaim na ccámhull íad in the camel's furniture, Gen. xxxi 34 . a srien ┐ a n-audhaim `of their bridles and harness', Fl. Earls 252.27 . Of the membrum virile: mas i a uidim ro benad asin duine, Laws iii 354.15 Comm.

Technical name for the ring or hoop with which the hurdles of an enclosure or pound were fastened together (see Plummer loc. cit.): udim .i. nomen dond rōi (roid, v.l.) triasa tēit in crand bīs forsin clēith ocon udmad, nō occa dūnad, Corm. Y 1269 `u. is the name of the great ring through which passes the stake on the hurdle, fastening it with an u. or closing it', Plummer. udhma .i. uaim arin fidh .i. . . . in idh bec bis a[c] comat in cumainn, O'Dav. 1615 . ar cul a comla . . . .i. ni fuaslaicther de dogrés .i. aidhme fonaisctear and, O'D. 1182 (H. 2.15 p. 45 (69)b) `behind the door . . . i.e. it is never released thence, that is, `aidhme' are fastened on it', Plummer (see udmad). Similarly in phrase a.¤ corthi: udhaim corthi .i. idh uaim .i. uaim in fedha, O'D. 1208 (H. 2.15, 83a). audoim .i. roi[d] gait, ut dicitur audaim corthe, O'Curry 124 ( H 3.18, p. 75 ). aí daim choirthe (audaim coirthi, audhoim corthi, audim corad v.l.), IT iii 36 § 18 ; 37.2 , 6 , 8 .

In general sense of means, cause: aidim duinibaidh, RC xxxvii 347 § 42 . Cf. aidme.

arm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. arm or dil.ie/4184
Last Revised: 2019

 

n o, n. Later m. (Lat. arma). IGT Decl. § 96 , § 204 .

(a) armour, battle-equipment, panoply, etc. Usually collect. in this sense: iter a.¤ ┐ erriud ┐ écosc, BDD² 1077 . do-thoetsat sé chét . . . riasíu ro-soa a a.¤ (perh. a p. here, ed.) . . . iar saigid a airm, 1083 . etach fri lith a.¤ fri nith, Laws i 122.9 . geib sciath is geib slega / on a.¤ niad rot-rubha, Acall. 1036 ( SG 117.9 ) = is airm niadh rod-rubha, Duan. F. ii 176 § 3 . a.¤ timcell cat[h]a `panoply of battle', CCath. 5203 (folld. by descr. of C.'s armour, not weapons). tuicther assin gorop a.¤ is fiu sechtmad loig einech dlighis gach gradh do beith aice, O'D. 877 (H 3.17, c. 629). doire airm, IGT Decl. ex. 405 . ro ḟacsam da trían ar n-airm, LL 204b54 . ní maith bhādar na hĒir[ionnaigh] i n-a.¤ , Cín Lae Ó Meall. 36.17 . a cleas n-airm, Ériu iv 148.2 . ? a shield: Dubgilla dub-airm n-aisse, Metr. Dinds. iv 330.1 .

(b) weapon: bad armatura dei bess lib nábat nacha a.¤ aili, Wb. 22d14 . gaibid armma dǽ foirib gl. armaturam, 11 . combetis arma cholno leu, 13 . act robed arma dæ foirib, 15 . loc i mbiat arma gl. armamentarium, Sg. 35a13 . So also 33a7 . ainmm ṅairm gl. spicum, 104b3 . inna arma dorataissiu doibsom gl. arma, Ml. 44a14 . conarrceoratar a n-arma doib, 26d6 . ar no labraitis demna friu dia n-armaib, conid de batir comarchi forro a n-airm, LU 3236 ( SCC 2 ). atconnarc láechu . . . co n-armmaib, 3762 (ib. 34 ). ba bes lasna geinti a n-adnacal fo n-armaib, Trip.² 804 . a.¤ fir i raei, Laws v 238.20 . fear airm deirg i.e. the murderer taken red-handed, 318.14 . cenmothá fer cech airm dóib ┐ fer cech fir díb, LU 7103 . rúada a n-airm, MU² 441 . cen armu cen fáebru, 644 . lautar forsna harmu they armed themselves, ZCP viii 105.8 . luidhim fom armuibh I swear by my weapons, RC x 342.1 . gabaid bar n-armu cathaigthe, PH 8141 . gabhainn ag déanumh a.¤ n-ard, Magauran 367 . sé go hoidhchi idir armaib / coibchi in Calbaigh hé d'ingin, IGT Decl. ex. 177 . beag mo bhrígh a n-a.¤ an ḟir / garbh asttigh 's as mín amuigh, ex. 690 . mairg do sháith a.¤ ina fheoil (of the piercing of Christ's Body by the lance), Dán Dé xxvi 39 . beith suas i n-a n-armaibh ag forchoimēt dōib `in arms', Fl. Earls 30.29 . a.¤ láma see lám.

Transfd. senses: is iad airm bís acu (of agricultural implements), Laws iv 76.2 Comm. luaidheam cúilteagh . . . / . . . / teach fionn is fraoch ar a a.¤ / is balbh gaoth ós chionn a chearn of keen implements(?), DDána 119.27 . cosgradh cruaidh na n-a.¤ n-amh (of a harper's fingers), Measgra D. 6.20 . ní rī a.¤ acht a.¤ becc beich bee's sting, ACL iii 307 § 18 ( Measgra Uí Chl. 149 ). a.¤ suine .i. gob cuirri (B. na f.), ACL iii 310 § 9 = a.¤ suibne, ZCP xii 361.11 . Of the membrum virile, Laws v 134.1 Comm.

(c) army: tugadh in t-a.¤ don chaislēn, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 26.19 .

Compds. (a) With nouns: ¤-airlech: a fhoirtched ┐ a a. hew him down with his weapon, MR 270.15 . ? ¤-bert: indearaidh d'airmbeartaibh a héigean feats of war, DDána 83.1 . See airmert. ¤-chath: o ri Oilig na n-a. armed battalions, BB 274a39 . ¤-chlaideb: d'armgae d'armclaideb d'armscíath, LL 203a60 . ¤-chletin, TBC-LL¹ p. 273 n.3 . ¤-chosnam: budh argain gan arm-chosnum `it will be destruction beyond the defence of arms', MR 296.3 . ¤-chrech armed foray, RC xiii 96.8 . ¤-chrith (= grith): talumcumscúgud ┐ a., Trip.² 495 . tainic airmchrith (airmgrith v.l.) mor . . . conna roibi sleg for alcuing, CCath. 877 . Cf. 1 grith. ¤-chumtach: ba solas doib dia n-erredaib ┐ dia n-armcumdaigib di ór weaponholders, LB 209b44 ( arc-, Alex. 627 ). ¤-dos: is he ar n-a. (of the Creator), SR 1030 . ¤-dígal: fri hengnom fri hairmdígail `armed vengeance', Metr. Dinds. iii 112.28 . ¤-ḟogrugud clanging of arms, TTebe 1175 . ¤-gae: fuair armgai amrai imdaí, BB 37b2 . ¤-gaisced accoutrements: ro hadnacht co n-armgasciud, LU 9817 . iar facbail a ech ┐ . . . a armgascid, 8529 ( FB 38 ). cethri catha . . . fon armgaiscid, RC xxiii 410 § 21 . Cf. comtis fir fo sciatharmgaisciud, LL 220b31 ( TTr. 261 ). ¤-gal, see separate article. ¤-gein: Ériu ágmar ba h-a. `born among arms', Metr. Dinds. iv 184.10 . ¤-gleó: do iomchradh airmghliaidh `weapon fight', O'Gr. Cat. 501.1 . ¤-gnéithid see separate article. ¤-gonad: a shaoir armghonta `skilled in weapon-wounding', O'Gr. Cat. 456.11 . ¤-gráin: re harmgrain a n-airech the terror of the arms of the chieftains, MR 190.21 . ¤-gres: ro chualadar in a. `the martial strain', Metr. Dinds. ii 30.60 . ¤-grith see 1 grith and -chrith supra. ¤-imbert see airimbert. ¤-lasad: gaedil uime ar a. `glittering in arms', MR 182.14 . ¤-lúirech: umum-sa bid armlúireach `armour', MR 296.22 . ¤-nert: no gu ḟuair eochair airmneirt, BB 31a9 . ¤-nertmaire military strength, TBC St. 4631 . ¤-rand: Fiacha Labraind . . . ós cech armraind `every armed squadron', Metr. Dinds. iii 460.6 . ? ¤-raithe: gasradh armraithe (: anḟlaithe) óg ḟionn fortunate in battle(?), Content. xxi 11 . Cf. armrad. ¤-ṡlaide conflict of arms: da tora Find Almaine / a. ársain dena, LL 296b19 ( SG 363.8 ). ¤-thor armoury, arsenal , GJ iii 50b16 . Fig. a armthuir `o armed lord', O'Gr. Cat. 457.12 . ¤-thríall warlike attempt, expedition: gleo na n-each ar airmthriall creach, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 344.3 .

(b) With adjj.: ¤-chorr: do siol Aonghusa armcuirr, LL 394.21 . ¤-derg: A. a., LL 233a13 ( TTr. 1181 ). Iomchaidh airm-dhearg, ML 12.20 . ¤-détla brave in arms: Ailill airmdhedla, BB 232b45 . U. airmdetla, Duan. F. i 51.33 . ¤-glan: a bhuiden armghlan, O'Gr. Cat. 504.11 . ¤-gér. As n.pr. Airmgēr mac Acarnāmhat, ZCP xiii 174.33 . ¤-gonta wounded by weapons: an fhlaith armgonta ō fhinnGrēig, ZCP ii 350.23 . sluagh armghonta i nothar `weapon-wounded', O'Gr. Cat. 508.14 . ¤-innillte: earr . . . arminnillti `well-armed hero', MR 224.17 . ¤-láitir: fon ocrig . . . n-armlatir, Ann. Conn. 1256.6 . ¤-neimnech: d'óccbhaidh airmneimhnigh, AFM vi 2230.9 . ¤-nocht with unsheathed weapon: láeich armnochta, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 374.23 . tig in Éirinn armórtha 'came ... to Ireland of the golden weapons', Giolla Brighde 194 § 16 . ¤-rúad: ar síol Néill Oilig armruaid, O'Gr. Cat. 410.5 . slúaigh Ailigh armrúaidh (ádhrúaidh, v.l.), PBerchán § 90 . ¤-ṡlán: Eochaid a. airech `arm-proof', Metr. Dinds. iv 100.6 . ¤-thana: Mac Colmán féil a.. `of the slender weapons', BNnÉ 229 § 133 .

ball

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ball or dil.ie/5299
Last Revised: 2019

 

n o, m. (see ZCP xxiii 300 , LEIA B-12 , Études Celt. xxvii 187-88 ). Treated as n. in: cach ṁb.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 5950.

(a) limb, member, organ (used of any portion of the body): is b.¤ di crist in fer, Wb. 22c9 . hore adi[b] boill crist, b10 . báll, Wb. 12 a 18 . tria huili baullo ┐ gnímo, Thes. ii 252.16 (Stowe M.). in gét a bullu ar crist . . . ? Wb. 9d4 . far nuili baullu gl. membra uestra, 3b26 . 12b12 . tre thesbaid naich baill, Sg. 5a5 . cach súg bís isnaib ballaib gl. sucum membrorum, Ml. 44d8 . innam (inna, MS.) b.¤ tuisten gl. locorum genitalium, 58b2 . clam dia tuititis a baild, Vita Br. 25. fo comdecsain in boill in roclannadh in crécht, Bretha 30 n. 5 . issé b.¤ fo a taet imdergæ (the face), O'Mulc. 403. is b.¤ cēta-geinit[h]er (the head), 217 . cach b.¤ de, LU 5014 (TBC). cor bo b.¤ da ballaib a mac, TBC-LL¹ 2931. iar mballaibh limb by limb, BB 365bz . ni boi b.¤ de cen pian fo leith acht a thenga nama, PH 2871. ní fhaca aon ball de gan éideadh acht a shúile ┐ a chosa, Ériu i 88 § 35. le comailt na mb.¤ foirimillach `the extremities', O'Gr. Cat. 193.32. na mb. oilemhnach `of the organs of nutrition', 206.22 . Reg. San. 30.15 . ona ballaibh ainmidhi . . ona ballaibh spirutalta `the animal parts . . . the spiritual parts', 8 , 11 . teid dindsaige … na mball spirudalda `goes to … the organs of respiration´ Ériu x 146 § 2 . boill Dé . . . do thabhairt to swear by God's limbs, Donlevy 74.5 . baill do dénam di to dismember: dogentar boill dítt, Fier. 116 . boill bheacca do denamh da corp, AFM iv 658.z. Of male and female genitalia : b.¤ ferda membrum virile. labrum anois mar is coir in ball bannda d'fairsingiugad i n-aimsir na nidhan, Irish Texts v 36 § 19 . osa minca ghallraighter iad o chuis na geineamhna ┐ co lanmor gallraighter iad timcheall na mball nadurdha, Irish Texts v 12.23 (of women). See ferda . Cf. do b.¤ feili pudendum tuum , YBL 208ax . coro benta do láim dona trí ballaib filet acut da ndeine do chlaind, RC xiii 66 § 64. ? Fiachra Cassán . . . / da biach bar baill bróe atróe, LL 6075.

(b) Fig. member of community (cf. mem(m)ar, 1 cenn): o thair in b.¤ eineclunn . . . a dualgus in cind `the follower', Laws i 62.23 Comm. ; glossing memmar, iv 196.23 , v 360.1 . a crochad do ballaib diabuil .i. do Iúdaidib, PH 4870. boill don aoinEaglais, Desid. 4074. arna cennaib, ┐ ar na ballaibh, RSClára 29b . ? gidh eadh níor theith, níor thuill guth / go breith gach bhoill don Bharrach, DDána 87.8 `but won the approval of every side (?)', Ir. Monthly 1928, 549 .

(c) Of inanimate objects part, portion, piece; article, object: im ocht mbullu arafognat muillond `eight parts', Laws i 124.17 . go ffuil ina b.¤ coimesa token, testimony, ZCP x 20 v.l. (go ffuil sin ar cuimhne, text). do bud b.¤ cruaidh coimessa, Irish Texts ii 11 § 10. ballorb .i. ball do forbau na filideachta aicce, Auraic. 1305. b.¤ éigin dom ealadhain `a small example of my art', Aithd. D. 40.21 . b.¤ oibri, IGT Decl. ex. 54. re cois gach boill don leine, Stair Erc. 2513. b.¤ óirnéisi = instrument, Isaiah liv 16. b., dadum . . . `an atom, point, spot ', Eg. Gl. 80. In abstract sense, quality, faculty: cía bald ba dech dó nógébad di cleircecht `which attribute of the clerical character', Mon. Tall. 158.30 (§ 76) . ? ball einigh, Magauran 4381 (`a point of generosity'). Gramm. of part of a verb: fríssin bréthir as sum no fria baullu, Thes. ii 228.36 ( PCr. 61b2 ). sum coná ballib, Sg. 193b8 . cia b.¤ in brethir?, Auraic. 322.

(d) place, spot; of a book, passage: an b.¤ na ted sé a ferann na fine where, in the event that, O'Curry 2233 ( Eg. 88, 17a ). ní cuala me an oiread sin do ghuithibh daoine ar aonbh. riamh, CF Eg. 150. a ngach uile bh.¤ (= in every place), Proverbs xv 3. ag míniughadh an bhoill úd 'san tsean-reacht, Eochairsg. 10.30 . contrardha dhó féin a niomad do bhallaibh (of a heretic), Ó Héodhusa 34.11 .

ar (an m)b.¤ immediately, forthwith, at once: ar b.¤ d'eís an t-anam da fhagbhail, Rule of Tallaght § 29. táinig an cléireach ar b.¤ , Oss. iii 278.11 . mo chur ar an mb.¤ go hifrionn, Desid. 1168. air b.¤ (= straightway ), Proverbs vii 22. air a mb.¤ , Donlevy 186.26 . duine bhreathnuigheas a ghnúis a sgáthan . . . ┐ dhearmadas air b.¤ a chruth féin, 220.18 .

(e) spot, mark, blemish: Echu Ballderg . . . co rabai in b.¤ sin inna churp do chomurthu ind ḟerta, Trip.² 2419 - 20 . do ballaib bithchorcra co ndeirgi fola laíg, BDD² 37. ní fuil / b.¤ ar an flaith romferguigh, Ériu iv 220 § 28. madh glan an corp don taoibh thall / b.¤ ar a chaoin níor locht liom, Dán Dé xxvii 31 . do bhídis na baill chorcra / ortha d'éis gach ionnalta, A. Ó Dálaigh li 18. tí nó b.¤ dearg ar a láimh, Keat. ii 2265. ? sreath do chaolach bhán go a barr / clár ball gcraobhach ós a cionn, DDána 119.28 (from a description of a castle).

Compds. With adjj.: a bé barrbude balbán (read ballb., n.) white-limbed , TFerbe 798 . ba bradanaib becca ballbreca speckled , TTebe 3520 . bradán ballc[h]orcra, ML² 498. Eochaid Scandail .i. ballderg red-spotted , LL 322e36 . Colman Baldub, 366g29 . in ballgel Baluíne, Fél. Oct. 4. Bran Berba ballglaine `fleckenreinen', Bruchst. 8 § 9. in ballglandu, . . . / Moire Magdallda fair-limbed, ZCP x 46.21 . tond ban ballglass bright-flecked , Anecd. i 54 § 30. ben bán ballmass, 69 § 163 .

With nouns: calmach um nach faghar fuacht / a bhalbhruth gan bladhadh mbharc (sic) `the fire from his limbs', Magauran 1660 . ag flaith ballDaile of the speckled Dail (a river), DDána 83.11 .

With vnn.: an talamh ar baill-chrioth ┐ bioth-luasgadh, TSh. 1039. gan a mballghabháil ní bhíd `they put forth ever fresh growths', Magauran 340 (`branching', note).

In compd. serc-ball, see serc compds. Cf. phr. ball seirce (in oral tradition), ITS xlviii Introd. xxvii.

bíach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bíach or dil.ie/5812

 

n [o, m.] membrum virile: b.¤ .i. ball fearrdha, O'Cl. `bí[ach]' faebur ferdha, Metr. Gl. 34.26 . biach .i. bod . . . geallfaidh cidh leabair a bh.¤ , O'Curry 1373 (H. 3. 18, 626c15) = giallfaidh cidh leabhor a bhiach, TFrag. 108.2 , SG 409.8 , AFM i 302.15 . testicle: biach .i. bod nó maca . . . biach dorí riastradh oili, O'Dav. 235. da biach bar baill bróe atróe .i. duo testiculi eius circa molam , LL 6075 (see Éigse x 185 ).

1 bot

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bot or dil.ie/6429
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: bot

n o. See Pokorny ZCP xvi 405.

(a) tail: bód .i. erball, O'Cl. ro gab in ben ar but ┐ dosrenga asin crecht seized it (viz. a wolf) by the tail and drags it out of the wound, LU 7971 (BDD). tēt an fer tarat amal tēti bott tar catt, TBC-I¹ 2680 (but prob. belongs to (b); see Pokorny, ZCP xvi 278 ). ard bót fiaich ocaind, íseal b.¤ con `the raven's tail stands high with us, the hound's low' (signs of scarcity), Hib. Min. 66.13 , 14 . don bod bunnremur, barr-daingen robui aige, ZCP vi 80.32 .

(b) membrum virile: bot quasi put a puteo no fot a uerbo fotuo (futuo) no quasi pot Grec .i. a uerbo poio (ποιέω), H 3.18, 80b13 . tri hordlaighe do bhuain do bhod E. . . . d'orcar do gunna, AU iii 438.16 . triobhas buid an bhóthuir bhrealluigh, IGT Decl. ex. 667. cé beg in sen gerrfa duine éigin in bod a richt na potóigi (scribal comment prefixed to law tract), O'Gr. Cat. 113.5. bun do bhuid-si gan dóth, Eg. 88, 15a1 , cited Contribb. 242. scuir díomas as spleóid luchd chraoísach na mbód, Hard. ii 22.y . b.¤ cruaidh codad . . . co ceteora troighidh trenmiledh ina fod (of a monster), Stair Erc. 1238 , ITS Sub. xvii 25 .

1 comal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 comal or dil.ie/10704
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: comul, -ol, comall

o, n. later m. vn. of con-lá. See O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 174 . Earlier comul, -ol. Later somet. comall.

(a) compact, agreement; bond, union; comol .i. cengal, ut est comol caire céit cuired, O'Dav. 577 (`assembling a troop of a hundred heroes(?)). O'Curry 1427 ( H 3.18, 640 ). comhal gle .i. coimhcheangal a ngléo, O'Cl. comhal no accomhal .i. coimhcheangal, ibid. comul caire cét cuire, Metr. Dinds. i 28.2 (`perishable gathering'). nibad aithrech ar comol, LL 14475 . comul scartha fri Riab ṅDerg, 14476 . Céis Choraind na comul cét hundred-strong gatherings, Metr. Dinds. iii 438.21 . comul n-ena `meeting place of waters', 142.3 . comhal bhus olc dom anmuin `a pact ruinous for my soul', Dán Dé xxii 27 . ? dag a dagchomul 'na chēir `goodly union' (of a bee), Bruchst. 68 § 159 (dag a dath cumang a chéir, v.l.), ACC 46 . ba hed ascnam forsin flaith / ma día nernta a comol / in ríí beres breit for cách / a ṡerc ┐ a omon, IT iii 18 § 50 . In etymol. gl. on comla (sluicegate of a mill): .i. comail do neoch iad uili 'i.e. they are all a matter of agreement for a person' Studies on Early Ireland 15 .

With qual. gen., etc.: comul comair fri coibne techta the concluding of a ploughing partnership, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 19 § 5 (`Abschluss') ( Laws ii 358.1 ). comol comuir in tan nad n-air la athair `an agreement for reciprocal ploughing' (one of the agreements that can be made by a son without his father's consent), Laws v 284.y ( .i. acomhul a chomuir, 288.12 Comm. ). comul comuir (leg. comair) .i. comthinol etc., ii 358.18 Comm. comul comsa agreement for joint husbandry, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 19 § 5 ( Laws ii 358.5 ). comla comsa .i. accomul a comsa muc, Laws ii 358.30 Comm. (`collecting'). ? fine comoil, O'D. 572 ( H 3.17, 442 ) = occamail, Laws v 318.2 . As vn. 'arna comhol ┐ 'arna daingniuccadh innte, 'arna ttionól ┐ 'arna ttiomsucchad (of relics in a shrine) `united', BNnÉ 266 § 232 .

Very freq. in chevilles: cona chléir cain comul, Fél. July 5 (: omun) (`a fair assembly'). comol ngle, LU 10551 . comul sáer (comull, v.l.), IT i 79.43 . comul ṅglan, SR 2463 . comoll ndil, BColm. 88.23 . comhall fedhma an agreement of service(?), SG 21.27 .

(b) Concr. meanings: baill an maic mallachta . . . acht a c[h]umal fir namá membrum virile, BColm. 92.14 . mo c[h]omol-sa, 15 = ball ferda, 9.42 . tuir na n-arbar n-iffernna / cen dil a carcraib comul (: domun), SR 8286 . ? secht tredui immon raith ┐ secht ndoirsi foraib tri cóicait comol 'na timcholl forsin tṡluagh bond, tie? YBL 418b9 = comad, LL 3693 . As n. loc. a crích Comul, Metr. Dinds. iii 134.7 .

congna

Cite this: eDIL s.v. congna or dil.ie/12168
Last Revised: 2013

 

n (-ae) io

(a) horn(s), antler(s): a c.¤ . . . Cingsiu . . . dia congno (of a stag), LU 5182 - 3 (TBC). oss foceird a c.¤ , Triads 105 (congan, p. 38). co ndernsat cetheora tulcha . . . dia n-iṅgnib ┐ dia coṅgnaib, LL 22540 ( Dinds. 158 ). uiss . . . cuna mbennaib ┐ cona coṅgnaib úasu, MU² 384 . bun in ch.¤ , Acall. 2917 . benn ch.¤ fíadha `the point of a deer's horn', BS 144.6 . táin do ghnáth i nglas ch.¤ with horns entangled, DDána 99.13 .

(b) The material horn: do chloich no charraic no c.¤ , LU 6420 . cnes congnai imbi (of Fer Díad, see conganchnes), TBC-I¹ 2365 = cneas coineagna, RC x 341.33 . trí bera congnai `spears of horn', BDD 114A . crios comdhaingen . . . codhna, RC x 341.28 .

Note also: meamur c.¤ ferrdha fir (of membrum virile), Metr. Gl. 46 . a c.¤ cliabaigh (in lampoon), IT iii 103 § 197 . tri mna . . . co conngnaib bansidha caps(?), RC v 204.10 (? co ngnaib ban sidha 'with the beauty of women of the síd ' Ériu xxxix 203-4 ). ro chuir an ciormhaire a c.¤ amach, TFrag. 222.z (expld. in note as machine or instrument, perh. fuller's sign).

In n. loc. Cnoc in ch.¤ , Acall. 6449 .

Compds. see congan-.

femm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. femm or dil.ie/21588

 

n (see O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 162 ).

(a) some kind of sea-weed (?); the thick stalk of some kinds of brown seaweed (?) : feam cacha trachta ` sea-wrack ' Laws v 482.30 . crim, feam, fiad-ubull, 474.1 . femm a fimbria .i. o luibniu maris. unde dicitur femuir .i. femfēr, Phil. Soc. Trans. 1859, 210 = a fimbria .i. a luibniu .i. mairis ; unde fembur, O'Mulc. 515 . Cf. femm `a long tail ; a sea rod ' P. O'C. cf. 2 fíam;

(b) the membrum virile (?) : feam (gl. mentula), Ir. Gl. 97 .

ferda

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ferda or dil.ie/21705
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: ferrdai, ferdu

adj (ferdae) io-iā (fer) male, masculine, belonging to a man: dund síl ferdu (gl. semen [virile]) Ml. 44a10 . moth .i. cach ferdae, Corm. Bodl. ball f.¤ membrum virile BColm. 94.2 . Corm. Y 865 (ferrda). indsci ferdha ` male gender ' Auraic. 1912 . ro saerad ar choblige fherrdai, PH 5890 . láthar f.¤ , see láthar. tincur fearda (gloss on fertincur), Laws, ii 356.17 Comm. as leis do cuireadh na goill fon arathar & dá ghall ag foirseadh asa ttiaghaibh fearrdha ina ndíaidh scrotums, Éigse xv 23 . techtugud f.¤ male possession (opp. to: t. banda) v 470.14 Comm . na fir i n-ecosc f.¤ ┐ na mná i n-ecosc banda LU 2619 . an feardha ┐ an bannda male and female Numbers v 3 . Manly, virile: fer ferdae, Fél. Feb. 8 . céssad slóig ḟerdai, Feb. 28 . batír ferdai a gníma, LU 4853 = ferrdai TBC-I¹ 365 . ropo f.¤ an comrac, TTr.² 1732 . ro chathaigset co ferrda, PH 6521 . Compar. as superl.: cing as ḟerdu (ferrdu, ferrda, ferdae v.l.), Fél. Aug. 20 . san aois fheardha in manhood TSh. 10245 . As subst. pl., the male pudenda: co fuaratur ferdu fer, Metr. Dinds. iii 156.11 (ferrdacht v.l.). co n-accassa ferda a fir, LL 13a9 . a f.¤ uili, CCath. 2960 . madh fer dotghné soaith for a ferdaib, ZCP vi 258.17 (leg. ferdacht ?).

finnach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. finnach or dil.ie/22142

 

adj o-ā (finna) hairy, shaggy: gemen findach, MacCongl. 95.27 . is finnach in membrum , ZCP viii 176.3 . tri bruitt ḟinnig, LL 266b13 ( MU² 606 ). Transf. overgrown with grass or scrub: findach denda flatha fian, Corm. Y 723 . Cf. sinnihc, gl. setosi Philarg., Ecl. vii 29 , Thes. ii 362 where edd. amend `finnich'.

gae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gae or dil.ie/25080
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: gae, gaí, gai, gae, gha, ga, gói, góei, gai, gae, gae, ghai, gae, gæ, gái, gæi, gói, gae, gaé, gaoi, gae, gaíthe, gaethe, gaei, gaoi, gaeithe, ga, ga, gai, gaib, gaaib, gǽib, gáiaibh, gáib, goeib, gaoibh, gaíbh, gaibh, gáoibh, gáebh, gaíthibh, gaethibh, gaau, gau, goo, góo, goho, goo, gaó, gaíthe, gaethe, gaotha, gai, gai, gá, nā, ga, gaau

n m. Cf., however, dí gae, Rawl. 139a24 ( Ériu iv 102 § 43 , da ga v.l.); tuillidh sí ar lár a ladhra | gallgha 's as lán dí a derna, IGT Decl. ex. 968 . In: dos-leicimse ... dosom in ṅgai cétna, LL 113a11 ( ScM. § 11 ), the -s- is otiose, see Thurneysen ( Sc.M², p. iv ). In the following paradigm IGT = IGT Decl. § 81 : n s. gae, Sg. 37b20 . gaí, Laws iv 310.13 . g s. gai, IT i 76.10 ( LL 261a3 ). Laws v 490.8 . gae, TBC-LL¹ 3009 . in gha , IGT . ga, Laws v 216.21 . Metr. Dinds. iii 460.7 . gói, PH 6779 . góei, 8044 . d s. gai, TBC-LL¹ 2306 . gae, RC xv 423.5 ( LL 195b38 = gae, BB 369a7 . Dinds. 36 ). don ghai , IGT , v.l. a s. gae, Ml. 55c1 . gæ, TBC-LL¹ 2373 , 2375 . gái, Acall. 7223 . gæi, PH 141 . gói, 3357 . n p. gae, gaé (v.l. gaoi) gae, gaíthe, gaethe, IGT . gaei, PH 8111 . gaoi, TD 11.20 . gaeithe (or a p. ?), Acall. 7153 . g p. ga, LU 8202 ( FB 15 ). ga, IGT . gai, LU 7982 . d p. gaib, LU 1354 . gaaib, TBC-LL¹ 3023 . gǽib, 6042 . gáiaibh, O'Dav. 497. gáib (= cáin), Misc. Hag. Hib. Life of Naile § 51 . sínter béinsi geal do gháib (: láim), IGT Decl. ex. 102 . goeib, ZCP i 462 n. 3 . gaoibh, TD 16.52 . gaíbh (v.l. gaibh, gáoibh, gáebh), gaíthibh, gaethibh, IGT . a p. gaau, Thes. ii 48.7 . gau, 343.41 . goo, 335.26 . góo, SR 719 . goho (disyll. metri causa), 8098 . goo, ZCP iii 212.13 (LU). gou, LU 3387 . gaó, LL 276a8 . , gaíthe, gaethe, IGT . gaotha, Atlantis iv 188.12 (OCL). n du. da gai , LL 261b7 . g du. dá gai , LU 7984 . See O'Rahilly, EIHM 459 , 461 . With long vowel in MIr.: gá, LL 21629, 25445 . nā (: ghā : dhó), Bard. Synt. Tr. 176 , Ériu lxiv 210 .

(a) a spear, a javelin; used esp. of the spear-blade or head : ga gl. hasta, Ir. Gl. 216 . gaau gl. spicula, Phil. 14a ( Thes. ii 48.7 ). conoscaig in gae he removed the spear, Ml. 55c1 . gae gona éisc, Sg. 37b20 . no-elaind ... ó gaib íascaig from fishing-spears, LU 1354 ( Imr. Brain ii 292.14 ; a gaaib línaigé v.l.) ; cf. ba do ghaibh ... do all A. ... a chenn do mhac M., Oss. iii 300.10 . gaí gona cethrai, Críth G. 180 . tiscail gai a halad extracting a spear from a wound, Laws v 490.8 . slicht in gói ... in-a thoeb, PH 6779 . ro thelgis gai ḟormsa, LL 113a20 ( ScM. § 11 ). gae semnech slindlethan slegḟota, TBC-LL¹ 5261 . gae súlech, 5270 . da gai cona n-assnadaib findruine, IT ii 177.97 . mic A. in ga bernaigh, MacCarthy 406.30 . ceṅgait dar gaó glassa, LL 276a8 . ím gním ṅgá, 216b13 ( Metr. Dinds. iii 160.1 ). gabait a ngó, Celt. Rev. ii 302.6 . da gae for cach óen crand leo, gae for rend ┐ gae for erlond, TBC-LL¹ 4531 . adbur craind gai, Laws v 484.16 Comm. dichealtair .i. crand gai cen iarn fair, Corm. Y 698 ( O'Dav. 497 ). craind gae, Auraic. 1173 . budh gao derg báis (of Maedoc's reliquary), SG 32.29 . gontar C. do gáiaibh catha, O'Dav. 497 . teilgis C. a trosdan ┐ dorindedh ga no fogha ... de, BCC § 111 . scolb do rinn ghai, Keat. ii 4567 . gaoi dá n-ionnsma, TD 11.20 . go ngaoibh corcra, 16.52 . gialla fri rind ga service at the spear's point, Laws v 216.21 (Heptads). an ngiallfadh do rinn ghai dhó, Keat. iii 951 . Fig. ba hussu lessium a thuttim do gaib gaile ┐ gascid ... ná a thuttim de gaaib áire ┐ écnaig than to fall by the shafts of satire and lampooning, TBC-LL¹ 3023 . gae na haeire, O'Curry 664 ( H 3.18, 325 ). soighde na sainnte ┐ gaoithe na glóire díomhaoine, TSh. 2463 . mad gabtha gāi duaine dō, Bruchst. no. 28 . gae Bulga spear of Bulga, Cú Chulainn's famous weapon (see O'Rahilly, EIHM, 61 ff.). seideth gái bulga gl. flabella, Ir. Gl. 217 (MS). cless in gæ bulga ac Coin Culaind, TBC-LL¹ 3009 ; 2107 ; 2306 . conattacht in ṅgæ ṁbulga bar Læg ... ra sruth ra indiltea ┐ illadair ra teilgthea, álad oengae leis ac techt i nduni ┐ tríchu farrindi ri taithmech ┐ ni gatta a curp duni go coscairthea immi, 3872 seq. 3942 - 3948 . Called also gae Aífe, 2372 , because she had taught Cú Chulainn the use of it. Cf. also: dofaeth do gai bulggach | fri Laigni i cath, LL 195b38 ( Metr. Dinds. iii 152.7 ). acus gai boilggi tentidi ina lámaib, Otia i 114.3 . nobriste in gae ar bulg the spear used to be broken at the knob (?), RC xiii 454 § 48 . gae clis a spear for juggling : don ti eamnas na go clis innairdi no na hubla clis, Laws iii 284.20 Comm. cleasamnaig .i. cuirid na goo-clis a n-airde, v 108.31 Comm. gae copa a tent or roll of lint etc. inserted into a wound to keep it open (see copga, copp). gae cró : orig. a tent or probe to keep a wound open; a pledget or roll (of lint, etc.) applied to a wound; by extension, a wound unhealed, a wound still bleeding, a haemorrhage Éigse ix 183 , Celtica xv 1 (cf. 1 crú). marb in Dagda do gai chró ... dia rodgon C. in ben, LL 11b26 . do thairmesc a fola ... ┐ a ngæ cró, TBC-LL¹ 3639. 6042 . amal ro thuitset a gái (sic leg.) chró ass la meít na ferggi ro gab, TFerbe 735 . conar' ḟacadur galur na eslainte na gái chró ina chois na tucsat aisti hé (of the wounded Cailte ; `clotted blood,' O'Gr. Cat. `shooting pains,' W.S.), Acall. 7223 . Cf. ní fhágbhaid gaotha cró, ná aicíd aingide ar aoin neach (of the apples of the Hesperides), Atlantis iv 188.12 . gaeithe cró na n-es ┐ na n-abhann ... donithea-sa sin bloody vomitings (?) (after herbs given as emetics), Acall. 7153 . ní fédaim le gaeib cró in urchair sin, 4000 . a gae cro do thuill don triath | beth gan sciath re saitib sleg `his mortal wound,' Fen. 146.1 . co ndechaid cum bais do ghaib cró ocus troimeslainti from old unstaunched wounds (?), RC xliv 28.6 . A. Ó Dálaigh xxxviii 8 . go ffuair bás do ghaíb cró na ngon, AFM vi 2058.4 . iii 366.7 . Fig. nír b' ecail ní da marbad acht gái chró na genmnaidechta `the pernicious effects of continence' (O'Gr.), Acall. 3815 . gaothe cró gach coire lér cuireadh i n-ifreann iad ag a dtreaghdadh, TSh. 1964 . gae derg (lit. `a bloody spear') a murderer : techt ar slicht ga deirg to go in pursuit of a murderer, O'Curry 2314 ( Eg. 88, f. 24b ). O'D. 713 ( H 3.17, c. 521 ). iarmoiracht ghá deirg, O'Curry 1766 ( 23 Q 6, 36 b ). la go dearga ... in fer guides na gae derga do gabháil ina láimh, O'D. 769 ( H 3.17, c. 551 ). Cf. fer ghai deirc itt ionadsa (a curse on an abbot), BNnÉ 306 § 23 . g.¤ leóin : Gaileoin ona gaib leoin robai aco oc tachailt na hūiri, ZCP x 163.11 (cf. g.¤ cró, above). astal .i. gai liubuir a book-marker (lit. a book-spear), O'Mulc. 96 . gae máthri `spear of the mother-kin,' the distaff : doberar gai matri do garmnaib beus a n-Erinn that looms are still called `spears of the mother-kin' in Ireland (?), RC xii 94.24 . g¤ mela honey suppository Éigse ix 182 : gaoithi meala, Rosa Angl. 64.1 . gaeithi mela, Irish Texts v 46 .

Compds. ¤buaibthech (sobriquet) of the threatening spear : Aengus gaibuaibtheach, Anecd. i 15.11 . Content. vi 266 . ¤derg of the red spear : bass Conaill Gáiderg, RC xvii 168.9 (Tig.). ¤fuilech of the bloody spear : SG ii 489.26 . Miscell. Celt. Soc. 8.11 ¤lethan having a broad spear, O'Dav. 1146 . ¤neim venom of spears (?): fir Aradh go ngaoi-neimh (sic leg.) nglic, BS 56.15 .

(b) In connection with grían a ray, a beam : caine már góo gréne, SR 719. 8098 . foceird ... a cocholl. ... forsna goo grene, Thes. ii 335.26 . ACL iii 304.27 amlaid robatar a roisc ... gai grene cechtar de, LL 210b15 . gnuis gai gréine, O'D. 2215 ( Nero A vii, 148a ). An mhéd nár theilg grían dá gáoibh, IGT Decl. ex. 705 . Nó gu súighe an ghrían a gó, ex. 1614 . ba dornd i ngae ṅgreni (of a hopeless undertaking), Cog. 162.24 . dia mbeith lāi gāi gann, `a slender shaft of day,' Four Songs 8.4 . Cf. is dorn im gae ngreine (i. is etarbach), O'Curry 427 ( H 3.18, 232b ). Saor an gha ghréine, Dán Dé vii 33 . Fig. an ga gréine grás, TSh. 2289 . Leg. g.¤ gréine a man of straw (?) Peritia iii 405 n. 2 : aithech baitse … ni fuilet (?) re daim in fer-sin ina fuil gnimiu laích lais; ni teit a raith na i naitire fri flaith na eclais, ar is gæ gréine dogairter, CIH ii 585.17 .

(c) The membrum virile, Laws i 54.19 Comm.

in(n)strumentech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. in(n)strumentech or dil.ie/28914

 

adj o, ā serviceable, ministerial: oculus est membrum instrumentale ... .i. as ball ionstrumenteach an tṡúil ..., 23 K 42, 293.10 .

lomm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lomm or dil.ie/30602

 

Forms: lomgipanach

adj o, ā

I

(a) bare, naked; smooth; exact : glan no l.¤ gl. nudum (granum), Wb. 13c22 (cf. 1 Corinth. xv 37 ). gran . . . ┐ he lom .i. cin colg, Laws iv 94.17 Comm . foaid for leicc luim, Thes. ii 315.6 ( Hy. ii 31 ). maige loma, LU 2232 ( FA 30 ). im snimaire .i. olla, no in fertais loim, Laws i 152.11 Comm . tēit do buain luachra luimmi, Fing. R. 743 . fogeltat . . . fér co húir ┐ connici na lecga lomma, LL 8011 ( TBC-LL¹ 551 ). for úir luimm, Lat. Lives 63.4 . co cloideb l.¤ i n-a láim, PH 2151 . caillech lom . . . in Morrigu, MR 198.2 . teach lom an empty house, DDána 46.37 . béarrtha, nó lom, 1 Corinth. xi 6 . lomáin loma . . . gan chroiceann gan díon gan duille, TSh. 3307 . guala lom is com ba chaoimhe smooth(?), Keat. Poems 886 . duine lom a destitute man (opp. to fer suime), Cín Lae Ó Meall. 20.23 . ? atbert gur raibe in coltur lum ina teigh `that the coulter was ready in his wallet', RC xii 346.11 . Compar. an bhruidhean nach cuirre cnoc / do tuigheadh nach luime leac, DDána 119.32 . creach nar luime creach Codhlaigh `as great as that of C.', Aithd. D. 37.46 . Adv. entirely, exactly: ataneplai lomm luaith, H 3.18, 744. 10 (cf. ScM. 3.19 ). do aithin . . . / a shenchus go léir 's go lom, BNnÉ 252.5 . ionchuir dá leanta go lom / eachtra Criomhthuinn 'na chonghlonn `closely', Aithd. D. 36.21 . mainister Shligigh do loscadh . . . co lom, AU iii 66.z . go léir lóm, Rel. Celt. ii 236.31 .

(b) Of cloth, threadbare: i mbrataib loma, O'Gr. Cat. 482.13. Cf. is l.¤ in membrum . . . hísiu worn thin, ZCP viii 175.20 .

(c) Of a judge or judgement, exact, strict; mac Dé 'n-a breitheamh léir lom. Aithd. D. 78.39 . breath lom / a los fhírpheacadh, A. Ó Dálaigh xix 9.

(d) Of a liquid, pure, unadulterated(?): do minsruth lom lemnochta (sic leg.?) BCC 386.13 .

(e) Of sounds, clear(?): cluintear fuaim na dtonn fa Thromhra / as lom labhra, DDána 111.39 . fáidhe fada fírtruaga ┐ éigme loma loiscnecha, Caithr. Thoirdh. 9.3 .

(f) Of consonants. unlenited: tinne lom as cóir ann, mur so: at ucht, no at édan, IGT Introd. 9.2 . ad cheann: .d. lom sin, 9.5 . Of the initial of nouns inflected for plural after certain numerals, 8.24 . muin lom (rhyming with lenited n after long vowel), 6.1 .

II As subst.

(a) In various meanings corresponding to those of the adjective: lom bhaise the flat of his hand(?), Oss. iii 288.22 . lom cnamha (ossis nudatio), 23 K 42, 107.1 . butaisidh ar lom air (i.e. without socks), Cín Lae Ó Meall. 30.22 . ag fulang luim is leattruim `poverty', Ir. Review 1913, 623 § 8 . In spiritual sense: sgaoil uainn mo ralam go réidh shortcomings, DDána 51.8 (: anam). Of clothes, threadbareness, a threadbare garment : in edugha[d] . . . etir a lom ┐ i ( = a) nua, Laws ii 146.8 Comm . an lom uile, a fhalluing donn. / do sgaoil ó chéile ar gcumann `it is complete bareness that has sundered our friendship', Ir. Review 1912, 378 § 7 . méraid a l.¤ fria nua `the thread-bare shall last as well as the new cloth', Metr. Dinds. iv 332.24 . exact meaning(?); exactitude: in tan na fuidbiter a cosmailius hi, is a breth a lom aignid (sic leg.?) from the plain meaning of the natural law(?), Laws v 8.z Comm . (but perh. compd.). go roinneann Dia lom ceirt ris an druing n-ainiochtaigh `mere justice', TSh. 4950 . lom na firinne the naked truth, Luc. Fid. 3156 .

(b) opening for attack(?) (see Dinneen ): do bheir lom ar chách gidh eadh / ní nár dhéanta do dhéanamh `to do a wrong thing leaves one open to attack ', Content. vi 191 . cluiche teaca a lom ma le / sdailc i ndiaidh dhá bheann beire (of some game), L. Cl. A. B. 131.33 .

As n.pr. m. or pseudonym: Lom Laine, LL 18175 , 18191 , 18171 .

Compds. (freq. with merely intensive force).

(i) With noun. ¤arc ? : lomarc ardacaraid, IT iii 90 § 123 . ¤bréc: ag cur loimbhreige oruinn entirely misrepresenting us, Luc. Fid. 3193 . ¤ches: fóir, a fhlaith, loimcheas na scol the great affliction, L. Cl. A. B. 122.75 . ¤chrann: eire cuinge sesrige / in cech lomchrund díb, LU 9063 ( FB 81 ) (ref. to lommánaib darach, LU 9062 ). ¤derc (1 derc): for ligib laech os lomdeirc, LL 192b49 . ¤éithech: ar luighi ┐ ar loimeithech `by open perjury', Caithr. CC 34.5 (§ 58) . ¤ḟéith (1 féith): cian ó chaillis do mhéithe / do leaghadh dom lomfhéithe, Hackett lvi 22 . ¤laithe: fiche is cuig lomlaithi lind / a com[fh]laithi os Erinn, MacCarthy 430.15 . ¤gabal: bert fleda for lomgabail (derogatory descr. of a person), Bruchst. i § 80 . ¤gall naked foreigner(?): berla in lomghaill, IT iii 100 § 172 . ¤lerg smooth slope(?): flaith Mide na l., LL 185a1 . ¤othrus serious illness: re linn a lomothrais, Caithr. Thoirdh. 8.11 . ¤scíath smooth shield : i leathan an loimscéth, TBC St. 3243. Cf. loindsgéth, 3261 . ¤ṡerc great love : mer im mond (mod, modh, v.ll.) a l. réil, LL 17158 . ¤thalam: ar lár nó ar lom-thalamh, TSh. 2269 . ¤thí: ar ti treasa do thennad . . . ar l. a lama . . . do lan-dergad `ready', MR 224.26 . ¤thrú doomed: ni ma-taet fort beolu . . . at l., RC xiii 440 § 12 ( LL 288b44 ). da mairedh Onchú an Essa / do bud lomthrú an loinges[-s]a, Irish Texts ii 11 § 10. In pejorative sense: an lom-trú con millte `a wretch of a ravening wolf', BNnÉ 151.23 .

(ii) With adj. (somet. forming dvandva compd. e.g. lommcháel, somet. with intensive force, somet. merely for alliteration). ¤cháel: da lurgain lomchaola, Corm. Y p. 91.19 (s.v. prull). ¤cháid: Mael-Isu leir, lom[m]chaid `very chaste', Gorm. Jan. 16 . -lainn very desirable : anadh bud l. leam sunn, Prolegomena 43 § 30 . beither gan mac nDomnaill de / onar l. lat erghe, Irish Texts ii 12 § 15 . fiche bó ní lom-loinn lim / do chomroinn rim, IGT Verbs ex. 712 . -nocht see separate article. ¤nóeb: Loppán lomnoeb `very holy', Gorm. Mar. 26 . ¤olc very bad : léig a Floinn a donnḟolt dí / a bhoing dhí ma l. lé, 24 P 8, 228.x . ¤thiug very close : doire loimthiugh lasamail laighnech, ML² 1183 . ¤thornocht (see tarnocht) stark naked : l. uile act a n-airm na llámaib, LL 12133 ( TBC-LL¹ 5806 ). tangatar side lomthornacht asa longaib, TTr.² 512.

(iii) With adj. derived from noun: ¤chosach: ag siubhal nochtuigh ┐ lomchosach ` bare-foot ', Isaiah xx 2 . ¤gipánach: lomgipanach in threadbare ragged garb(?), IT iii 98 § 159. ¤glúinech bare-kneed (sobriquet of a Fomorian chief): Loscennlom mac Lomgluinigh, RC xii 96 § 128 . ¤luirgnech bare-legged: na sillidi lumluirgnecha, Comp. CC 83.z . ¤rótach having bare roads : ó Mhoigh lomródaigh Luirg, IGT Decl. ex. 888.

(iv) With vn. ¤arcain see separate article. ¤cheisnem: cáithleach cruais ┐ lóchán . . . loim-cheisnimh `constant complaining', TSh. 10092 . ¤diúltad: go dtug . . . loim-dhiúltadh dá thighearna fá dhol ar cuireadh leis `flat refusal', 7555 . ¤fhágáil: a mhaighistir, a ghrádh, . . . atámaoid air lom-fhághail `we are done for', GJ iv 82a (Stair E. Uí Ch.). ¤thúr (see 1 túr): sáer-ainm Sinna saigid dún / dáig rolaimid a lom-thúr `since ye venture to lay bare its origin', Metr. Dinds. iii 286.2 ( = LL 20477 ). ¤nochtad act of revealing completely, exposing : lom-nochtadh do dhéanamh ar a lochtaibh féin, TSh. 9073 . nó dá mbeidís les lochta / níor thairgeas a lomnochta, Content. v 8 . ¤rím complete enumerating : na lochta cen lomrim lac, BB 331b40 . ¤ṡloinded act of naming exactly : ni derna a lomsloinded dom deōin-sa `has not made himself fully known', Fianaig. 62.12 .

(v) With vb. See lommairgid.

2 lorg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 lorg or dil.ie/30683
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: lorc, lorg, lorg

n ā, f. but d s. lorc dromma, Ml. 51a8 . a s. lorg catha, Todd Nenn. 184.4 . lorg f., IGT Decl. § 158.

(a) staff, stick; rod or wand of office: lorc isind laim aili is samlid insin imme[t]ét . . . int ais lósc, Ml. 45c9 . dobert-side in loirc do bai 'na laim do (a king's sceptre?), Ériu v 36.22 . rechtaire teghlaig C. . . . Isí a lorc teglaig fail úasa, BDD² 800 ( LU 7186 ). slicht a luirge ina diaid, Triads 103 . ba híat a slegha ba lorga fosaighthi doibh `props', CCath. 2312 . a llorga ┐ a mbachla ina lámaib, PH 5103 . beir mo luirg [fessin] lat . . . ┐ rega gach conair bus ail duit, 2232 . rogerr a slegh ┐ dorindi l.¤ di (of a warrior turning pilgrim), ZCP vi 84.32 . an l.¤ no an baitín do bí n-a laimh (of Colum Cille), xi 142.33 . . . . mic Flaithbhertaigh an trostáin .i. a l.¤ Rómha (i.e. a pilgrim's staff), L. Cl. A. B. 3.9 . na daine . . . threigis an saeghal uile, ┐ gabus sgriptha ┐ l.¤ do ghradh Dia (virga). Smaointe B. Chr. 6071 . colg ara clúimh / sa l.¤ na láimh (of a dead pig, because he was setting out like a pilgrim on his last journey?), Irish Texts i 31.47 . l.¤ dromma the spine : hó lorc dromma [nō] delc gl. spina, Ml. 51a8 (see Études Celt. xl 65 ). na lorgdromma gl. spinas (? leg. lorg[a] d.), Gild. Lor. 169.

Used in some kind of proof or ordeal for determining the paternity of children of madwomen who have not been affiliated during the lifetime of the (putative) father: meic na mban mear so ┐ nucur astadh iat i mbeathaidh a n-athar, ┐ isedh dlegar dib a n-astudh ar a ligi (= luigi) go loirg no go mbreithir no go sulgnais, O'Curry 2295 ( Rawl. B 506, 28 ). tri fira is luga a fenechas .i. l.¤ ┐ briathar ┐ sulgnais .i. a l.¤ on mir gan urlabra, a briathar on mir co n-urlabra, a sulgnais on ciall maith gin urlabra, O'Curry 603 ( H 3.18, 295 ) = Cóic Con. 42 § 63 (`Spur'). a mhiond loirge mar luighe / gu ngoirge Ḟinn ḟalmuire, IGT Decl. ex. 2021.

(b) club, cudgel : l.¤ gl. claua, Ir. Gl. 52 . l.¤ .i. lúi airg .i. lāich í, Corm. Y 805. quia regem laginensium occidit .i. din tomad tuc fair dia luircc, Fél.² clxx 2 . .ix. slabrad iairn a cind cacha luirgi, BDD² 1280 . co trí lorggaib íarnaidib ina lámaib clí, MU² 775 . ethaid in luirg n-āairn ro bae triasin slabraid iron bar, Otia ii 86.16 . nir bo sop i n-inad largi [sen], Cog. 100.23 (of Brían Bóruma, a proverbial phrase). fuaim luirgi re luirigh, CCath. 6078 . gona ruibhne rena ghualainn / gona luirg fa luath a ngoil, ML 20.26 .

l.¤ áne hurley: tíagait tri coecait mac leis cona lorcaib áni, LU 5907 . a bunsach ┐ a l.¤ áne, 4868 . focherdat dano an tri .lll. lórg ána fair, 4877 . turcbaid . . . a oenluirg n-ániusa ┐ dícuris na trí coicait l.¤ , 914 . Without áne: bla liathroide l.¤ ┐ poll ┐ log . . . donti buailis in liathroid da luirg, Laws iii 554.3 - 4 (Text and Comm.). focheirdseom ūad a līathrōit ┐ a lloirc, TBC-I¹ 523.

l.¤ anfaid (anfad fury): atchíu fer chucund . . . l.¤ anfaid inna láim. Calg dét fóa choim (of Mac Roth), LU 5595 ( lorc anfaith, TBC-I¹ 1112 ). co táinic in Dagdha ┐ a lorg anfaidh 'na laim, Metr. Dinds. iv 294.20 (cf. ZCP iii 240 § 34 ). Cf. lorg adúathmar íarnaidi 'na láim, cend anbthen fhurri ┐ cend álgen . . . fuirmid in cend n-anbthen for cendar na nónbor condas-marband . . . Fuirmid in cend álgen forru condas-bethaigend, MU² 628.

(c) handle or shaft of an implement, etc.: for teora[ib] lorggaib a[i]thich—lorgg ḟorcha, lorgg ṡamthaige, lorgg rám(m)ai, Críth G. 531.2 . co na fuil aici acht rigi na tri larg; l.¤ a suisti, ┐ l.¤ a bela ┐ l.¤ a fidba (of an aithech), Laws iii 106. 14.15 Comm . caire cona inbiur(b) cona lorggaib, Críth G. 174 . a lorga maela (of hurleys), Ériu v 28.17 . tócbais a thēig libair for a luirg isin fraigid `on the peg in the wall', MacCongl. 11.27 .

(d) the membrum virile : secht nartim ina luirg (of Fergus mac Roig), Ériu iv 26.11 . tintā Fergus do debaid fri Coinculaind. `Olc dait . . . mo dīguin; is gairit mo lorc lat', TBC-I¹ 1210. See O'Brien, Études Celt. iii 369 f .

(e) g s. used attributively in several phrases (meaning is not always apparent) (i) áe loirge (áe lawsuit): ? ceas[c] co taet ae in-airecht la Feine? Nī. Ae loirge ar as ae lobair andsin, ae gacha bannsgaile, O'Curry 1614 ( 23 Q 6, 6a ) = cesc co ted ae i n-airecht la fene. Ae luirgi ar is ae lobuir annsin, ae cach bannscaile na fil folta (.i. na feine) na iardin (.i. iarmbrethemnus) le na turbaid, O'Curry 1269 ( H 3.18, 514 ). (ii) bard loirge name of one class of the dáer-baird, IT iii 110 § 8 , anmand na ndóerbard . . . culbard ┐ srutbard ┐ bard lorge ┐ drisiuc, IT iii 5.y . bard loirgi gan aisde ndilis the b. l. has no characteristic metre, iii 23.5 . bard lorce, .i. lorc ria hucht 'he has a staff in front of him', UR 51 n . do-eimh bard loirge lár 'a bard loirge protects a floor', UR 49.14 . (iii) bé loirge: direnar be luirge landire be loisde luineatha alaile, O'D. 2228 ( Nero A 7, 153b ) (`a distaff woman is entitled to full compensation-fine; she of the kneading-trough and churn-stick to the same assessment', O'Gr. Cat. 145 ).

(iv) cú loirge: cu loirge [.i.] cu ris na gabann greim lorg, Laws iii 414.26 Comm . (`a club dog i.e. a dog on which a club takes no effect', Plummer MS. notes); but perh. tracking dog. Cf. confusion between 1 and 2 lorg, O'Dav. 1155 s.v. 1 lorg (b). in cu loirgi . . . lan fiach ina cet cinaid seic, mad fri duine foglaidh, mad fri rubu, is aithgin; ar ni riagailter lorg fri rubu, 416.5 Comm .

Compds.

(i) With noun. ¤ḟertas (later by metath. ¤ḟersat) club or cudgel; iron bar : doghlac a lorg fersat catha .i. túagh thailc throm, Ériu v 174.200 . rabert C. béim d'a lorgḟertais bar na sluagaib, CRR 44 . muadhbemnech na loirc-fersat n-uiriarainn, TBC St. 4653 . luirgfhearsad imreamhar iarnaidhe trés an dá lúib do bhí ar cheann an tslabhra, Keat. ii 6300.

(ii) With adj. ¤remar thick-staved : do rinnetar leibenn lethann loirgremar . . . a timcell Oilella, Celt. Rev. iv 12.10 .

See maglorg.

1 loscud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 loscud or dil.ie/30713
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: losgadh, lasgadh

u, and o, m. vn. of loiscid. losgadh lasgadh, IGT Verbs § 71. ? loscam, Ériu x 148.3 .

(a) act of burning, consuming by fire; fire, conflagration : loscadh gl. incendium, Ir. Gl. 737 . Crist domm imdegail . . . ar l.¤ , Thes. ii 357.11 (Patrick's Hy.). rann do l.¤ for altóir, Wb. 10d18 . a coscrad ┐ a l.¤ gl. flammísque consumpta, Ml. 102b9 . huand l.¤ gl. combustione, 123c6 . a nguin cosind l.¤ .i. a nguin cosind saigit áin wounding with the burning i.e. wounding with the fiery arrow, 133a4 . loscoth Iarnboidbh mic Gartnaith, AU i 106.6 (an. 643 ). loscuth Maighi Bile cona derthigib 320.11 (an. 825 ). di l.¤ a thige, Críth G. 123 (losca, MS.). loscad luise; loscad guaile, Laws v 474.5 . loscadh anfoit `burning by inadvertence', iv 250.1 Comm . loscad comhraite `wilful burning,' 12 Comm . na loiscthi ac lethnugud . . . fo chathraigh Conchubair, Comp. CC 93.15 . na croind do loscad don grein, Ann. Conn. 1252.9 . Of the fires of Hell: morríg inna ṅgente / bithgolait i ll.¤ , Fél. Prol. 62 . tene . . . dod l.¤ , Mon. Tall. 136.16 . i lō loiscthi na cātha `when the chaff is burned', Ériu iii 31 § 24.

(b) Of injury caused by burning, burn, scorch; scald: da scind deaman dobertach / trēsin teine gan loiscthi, ZCP v 23 § 22 . ar teichedh a loiscidh `to avoid being burnt', CCath. 2145 . losgadh teineadh no uisge, 23 K 42, 356.13 . foirid loscad na tengan (of the virtues of the sapphire), Celtica ii 78.280 . Attrib. g s. fiabras loisce (febres ardentes), Rosa Angl. 250.1 . As medical term cauterising (but distinct from crechad Celtica xvii 119-20 ): ni leighister hi acht maille sinidh láimhe no re loscad, Rosa Angl. 242.3 . losgadh no gearradh, 23 K 42, 113.10 . coisgidh in loscadh a siledh fhola 'firing [i.e. cautery] stems the flow of blood', Ériu lxiv 7 (72.1.2 fo. 59v14) .

(c) Of a bodily process: teinnes ┐ att ┐ loscadh (the result of a sting), O'Gr. Cat. 213.26 . o losgadh lenna ruaidh, Rosa Angl. 54.4 . ticc in gainemh sin o losgad fola deirgi isna cuislennaibh, 188.3 . drithle re losgadh leicne which causes cheeks to flush, L. Cl. A. B. 278.163 . loscam (loscad, v.l.) ┐ tirmacht na slaiti fearrdha 'burning and dryness of the membrum virile ', Ériu x 148.3 .

(d) act of inflicting burning pain; anguish, affliction : huanaib loiscthib gl. pro (suplicio dolentis cruciatuum) adustionibus. Ml. 133a3 . etir na loiscthiu gl. inter adustones (tribulationum), 39a7 (loisthiu, MS.). ata h'ernaigthi 'com loscad, PH 1985 . ba lonn ┐ ba loscad le C. ceithre uaithne . . . oirechais Alban d'foirtchead ar inchaib a enig, MR 248.8 . tríd an sgéal ba losgadh linn `by thy story torturing my heart', Dán Dé xxviii 31 . as foghuil ba losgadh lais / cosgradh a dhomhuin dúthchais, O'R. Poems 1639. Fig. of passions being inflamed, glowing, burning : serapyn . . . re n-abur loscadh in ghrádha incendium, ITS xxix 209.8 . is mar-sin don tshanntach arna loscad ┐ arna brénad on tsaint, PH 7745.

mem(m)ar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mem(m)ar or dil.ie/31920

 

Forms: memmor, membur, meamair, memru, meamur, memor

n o, n. and m. (Lat. membrum ) memmor, LL 284a12 . n p. membur, Thes. ii 246.6 . meamair, Laws v 6.25 Comm. a p. memru, iii 34.2 (text).

A limb, member ,

(a) in older texts in fig. sense; in Laws a member of a community (often tenant of a chief, who is figuratively styled cend): oire nundem membur uile du Dea we all are members unto God, Thes. ii 246.6 ( Cambr. 37d ), where the legal sense is perhaps implied. cach memar dia chind choir (let) each member (pay) to its proper head, Laws iii 26.5 . fofuaslaice flaith ┐ fine ┐ eaclas . . . cach n[d]ochar focerdtar [sic leg.] for a meamra, iv 54.5 . ii 278.19 . ni dorata flaith no eclais dia memraib techtaib, v 314.18 . arfeith cend a memra a head has precedence over its members, O'Mulc. 103.

(b) in physical sense: m.¤ .i. mēr ut est . . . im memur laime no coise (i.e. finger or toe), O'Dav. 1263. ACL iii 311.2 . Esp. of the membrum virile: meamur [memor v.l.] congna [congaib v.l.] ferrdha fir, Forus Foc. 46. meamar .i. ball fearrdha, O'Cl. Of a woman: fri memar a cuirp, O'Dav. 1263. Cf. also LL 284a12 = ZCP xviii 92.1 .

mem(m)rum(m)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mem(m)rum(m) or dil.ie/31924

 

Forms: membrumm

n o, m., (Lat. membrum used for membrana) parchment . memmbrum naue , Thes. ii p. xxii 14 ( Sg. 217 marg.). membrumm, ib. 24 . in membrum , ZCP viii 175.20 (Laon Glosses). uch a lám, ar' scribis do memrum bán!, ZCP ii 225.3 . cīn memraim, Corm. Y 230. O'Mulc. 228. cína memruim, PH 3773. cairt meamraim, YBL 149b1 . seinleabhar meamruim, Keat. ii 6196. na meamruim the parchments , 2 Timothy iv 13.

mesócach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mesócach or dil.ie/32070

 

adj o, ā. (mesóc) glandular: ball measogach (= membrum glandulosum), R.I.A. 23 K 42, 304.7 .

2 moth, mod

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 moth, mod or dil.ie/32605
Last Revised: 2013

 

n m.

(a) the membrum virile (?) and hence in Irish gram. the masculine gender: m.¤ .i. gach ferda [sic leg.], gach ferindsce et nomen uirili membro .i. ball ferda, Corm. Y 865. mod ┐ tod ┐ traeth .i. anmunda ball ferda ┐ band[a] ┐ neudarda sin . . . Cumad etarscarad indsci: Isse, issi, issed, iar Macaib Miled . . . mod, tod, traeth iar Tuathaib De Danand, Auraic. 1487 , 1491 . moth, 4558 (YBL). moth (.i. cach ferrdha .i. a masgul), Anecd. v 23.4 . moth .i. gach fearrdha ┐ gach ferinnsce, O'Cl.

(b) a male being, a man (in B. na f.?)? bid onme m.¤ cen choscrad `a male (?) without destruction', RC xxvi 52 § 282 (glossed: bid amlaid-so cen discailiud .i. a dán Ferchertni), or belongs to (a): ' bíth avec m. ¤ sans dissolution' Études Celt. xxxiv 106 . nert cét 'na churp, calma in mod (`tapfer der Mann', Wind.), TBC-LL¹ 3208. cia gass glúair garg, glan in mod, | cia harg ó fúair ainmnigod? `bright the hero', Metr. Dinds. ii 42.7 (quoted by O'Cl. with gl.: modh .i. fear); in vol. v 129 corrected `honour'. Cf. also: cechaing iarom Rúad na renn | tar srothaib, fial-mod fég-ṡeng `the noble youth keen and slender,' ii 30.50 . The above exx. prob. represent `mod' `manner', `work', etc.

2 nem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 nem or dil.ie/33071

 

n the membrum virile: neamh .i. ball fearrdha, O'Cl. O'R. ? fris niad nem (.i. ria fferdacht an ghaisghedhaigh), Leb. Gab.(i) i 260.21 ( = f. niadh neamh, BB 42a7 ), tr. `from a warrior's nakedness ' (?).

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