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airimmid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airimmid or dil.ie/2118

 

Forms: airimidh

v (airimme) makes a protecting fence; wards off . Used in Laws in etymol. glosses on ar-fen and imm-fen: imfean ceachtar in da comarba .i. ímíd .i. uirimed cechtarde in da coimetaid orba fuil ime, co roib íme comlan ann, iv 128.26 . imfean .i. airimed cach don leth seo ┐ don leth aili iman rot, 140 . arfenat .i. airimmit, ii 322.14 . ? arfen fiadhna co foltaib .i. o tairgither in foola sin a fiadnaise fiadan .i. taidben fri fiadna nó airimidse na folta sin, O'Dav. 943 . ar feich cenn a memra .i. airime in ceann na memair, O'Curry 283 ( H 3.18 151 ) = airimidh, 2112 H 4.22, 78b

ar-feith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-feith or dil.ie/4106
Last Revised: 2019

 

v (1 fethid) later airḟeithid, looks after : fó bhith as conn ar ecconn feith 'because it is the normal person (with full legal capacity) who looks after the abnormal' Ériu xiii 33.z , Celtica xi 20 . ar feich cenn a memra .i. airime in ceann na memair 'the head (superior) looks after his members (subordinates)' O'Curry 283 (H.3.18 151) , Celtica xi 20 = ar feith cenn a memra .i. airimidh, O'Curry 2112 (H.4.22 78b) . arfeith .i. airitiu nó lesugud, ut dicitur: arfeith cend a memra , O'Mulc. § 103 . ? arisfith (arisfuich, v.l.) Rechtabra radhaibh … airimidh R. conadh he noraidhe urlabra tara cenn 'Rechtabrae looks after them with utterances … R. defends (lit. 'fences round') them and it is he who speaks on their behalf' Celtica xi 20 . anim Patraicc ... aingil Dé ... aridfetis cen anad .i. roerfetsetar no ro etsetar cum eo, Thes. ii 320.6 ( Hy. ii ).

1 feth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 feth or dil.ie/21817
Last Revised: 2019

 

n (? back-formation from ar-feith, Celtica xi 20 n. 7 ): f.¤ .i. ime, ut est fobith is cach cond ar econn f.¤ , O'Dav. 827 = as conn ar ecconn feith, Ériu xiii 33.32 , where the form is prob. conj. of 1 fethid, q.v. Perhaps ar e. f.¤ = ar-feth e. Cf. arfeith cend a memra , O'Mulc. 103 . feith .i. coimed, ut est arfeith cend a memra , CIH iii 813.25 .

? imm-fortéit

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? imm-fortéit or dil.ie/27852

 

Forms: ima-fortagat, imma-fortagad

v helps mutually: indic. pres. pl. 3 rel. amail ima-fortagat (imma-fortagad, v.l.) | memra in cuirp co lēire | tucad gach ōen arde seirc | a pēin anmuin a cēle, ZCP vii 312 § 28.

léire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. léire or dil.ie/29812

 

n , f. (léir)

(a) zeal, devotion; care, assiduity, exertion, pains: leire .i. crabad, O'Curry 505 ( H 3.18, 257 ). O'Dav. 1172. ? Also léra (see rhymes cited below). a lére ro pridchissid doib, Wb. 24c17 . ind leire dorat-sam fri sechim gníme Adim hi pecdib, 13d15 . ro mertatar lǽri rechto `who had betrayed the care of the Law'. Ml. 75d5 (gl. proditores religionis). huare rombu mór dorat Duaid du laéri frit adrad-su, 136c11 . ind lære gl. (non leuis) opera (est). 91c4 . léri gl. operam, 32b11 . inna leri ili gl. operas multas, 28c2 . in lebrán co lléri `pious', Fél. Ep. 106 . fri Críst carais léri / Garbán `loved devotion to Christ', July 9 . ron-snádat íar léri / do ḟlaith Dé, March 6 . lúrech lére (of the Félire), Ep. 78 . guide cech maicc lére every very pious person, 428 . Cf. 350 . céssad Iohain / Baptist, bith (breo, v.l.) co léri, Aug. 29 . amail ima-fortagat / memra in cuirp co lēire devotedly(?), ZCP vii 312 § 28 . ferr lēire laimnide carefulness is better than daring, Anecd. iii 20.3 . atcota terci lēre, 12.3 . nac[h] mogh (= modh) do formaigh leire n-altrumu care, exertion , Laws ii 176.22 Comm . gach leire leighis care in treating(?), Leb. Gab.(i) 172.11 . lére duit fri ríg ngréne / ┐ réde fri dóini, Ériu i 193 § 2 . serc conmidethar léri love regulates devotion, 195 § 9. cipé a l.¤ baistither in duine `however fervently', 218.23 . i lluc lére `a place of piety', iii 100 § 25b . léic ass in l.¤ coléic, / dena féile assiduity (in accumulating worldly goods), Misc. Arch. Soc. 5.41 . sduaigh go l.¤ lanchrābhaidh, O'R. Poems 3192 . leri líi (cheville), SR 7019.

(b) completeness, exactness(?): ar leri a hecna ┐ a heolais (of Athens), TTebe 1590 . ré leiri ┐ lanméd tinoil na treinfer sin, 1266 . Cf. léirthinól s.v. léir. `glinni' dano l.¤ , RC xx 252 § 54 (ACC Comm.).

(c) do l.¤ = do léir: tucad t'imchomarc do glaine ┐ do leire uad duit, TBC-LL¹ 2160 . co fil remfis na todocaide do leire linn, CCath. 4063 . ataig annsin co matain co cendport a aislingt[h]i do léri lais `with the poetical account of his vision ready', MacCongl. 31.22 . ro innis tra a scéla ┐ a imtechta do lēire, Moling 72 .

? tucuis is ibh ag impudh / creach O Felme a (= i?) lera libh / demne ina scela scailtir the entire spoil(?), B. Ferm. 196a16 . an chumha / uimpe bhíd na bruit dubha / ní mo-chean bean a léra / ní híad a sgéla is lugha `I welcome not a woman so diligent(?)', Duan. F. ii xl 7 = Measgra D. 74.27 . co ttoire in loch a lera, Misc. Hag. Hib. 43 § 63 (: cēdna).

lesugud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lesugud or dil.ie/30025

 

Forms: lesachadh

u, m. vn. of lesaigidir. lesachadh, IGT Verbs § 106 (p. 245.6) .

(a) acting with a view to benefitting another or remedying a situation, repairing; a remedial or beneficial action; act of improving, reforming : dligtech cach lesugad, Laws ii 2.4 . ní len lugha lesughadh .i. nocha lenann lugha cinad asa ní do rinnis do lesughadh, O'D. 578 ( H 3.17, 444 ). lu .i. olc, ut dicitur: ni len lu lessugud, O'Mulc. 792 . ni do-gnithar for torba . . . ní heirenar nach lesughadh .i. nocha n-éirnithear éiric ann sin, O'D. 578 ( H 3.17, 444 ). do lesughadh tuaithe .i. is ar daighne lesa oigh don tuaith do niad é, ibid. Cf. les túaithe, s.v. 1 les. co ceand mbliadna .i. ar in re co roib fer bunaid i n-aititin a lesaigthi until the owner acknowledges that it has been (properly) repaired (of a fence). Laws iv 152.18 Comm . is tualaing a lesaigthi ar in nech do beir no cren it can be recovered from him who brings or buys it (of stolen property), iii 240.23 . doronadh . . . lubhra iomdha ┐ lesaighte leis `works and repairs', Cog. 138.y . fer millti ┐ lesaigti na hErenn uli in fer-sin, Ann. Conn. 1274 § 2 . fer leasaighthe tuath ┐ ecclas, AFM ii 1058.12 . in doman do dhul a ṅdíth air, ┐ a animm do l.¤ , PH 7583. th'éunmhac d'iodhbairt a ccroich dár leasughadh-ni, Parrth. Anma 4410 . eaglais sbioradālta na n-anmann do chomóradh ┐ do leasughadh to improve, reform, Beatha S. F. 307 .

(b) Of the sick or wounded, act of curing, tending; cure, remedy: cuingi[dh] a lesaigthi remedium quaerere (sic leg.), O'Curry 2222 ( Eg. 88, 16 ). docuaidh se la do leasugud duine galuir `to tend', Ériu ii 82.3 . ni fétar in chned . . . do l.¤ , PH 7646 . comhairle do chum lesaighthe ┐ sláinte na Sethrach n-esslán (`for the recovery and health'), RSClára 111a . Often coupled with leiges: oc cuinchid a llegis ┐ a llesaigthe fair, PH 4629 . nior ḟéad liaig . . . éolus mo leighis na mo lesaighthe, Ériu v 80.20 . Cf. leigius ┐ leasugadh co ceann secht mbliadhan, ┐ trommughadh orra, O'Curry 295 ( H 3.18, 162 ) (of small boys who have been guilty of some offence). Also: leighius ┐ leasugad isin cnedh, ibid. (here perh. compensation).

(c) act of making good, compensating for, amending, repairing; amends, compensation, reparation : do lesughadh a mhoide, Duan. F. i xx 27 . a leasugud re M. in easanoir tuc se do, Fier. 210 . dobēr-sa lesugudh ad litechus duit I shall make amends to thee for the accusation, ZCP vi 86.29 . romarbhu[i]s mac mo derbrathar . . . ┐ is olc in lesugudh ┐ in lāneruic tú féin ann, 30.7 . bean leasuighthe ar loit an chéidbhean who made good what the first woman destroyed, PBocht 9.8 . do-dhén leasughadh in gach ní dar mhill mé, Dhá Sgéal Art. 765. uireasbhuidh bhur gcreidimh do leasughadh, 1 Thessal. iii 10. é féin do leasúghadh ┐ a pheacu[i]dhe do chur de, Mac Aingil 1262 . go ttug Dia fád láimh féin leasúghadh do thabhairt uait nó gan a thabhairt reparation, 3521 . an lóirghníomh ┐ an leasughadh dlighthear ar a son (sc. sins), 58 . aithrighe . . . ina uile chiontuibh . . . re rún láidir lesaighthe, RSClára 155b . táinig don reacht soin fir Éireann do leasughadh a ngníomh `improved in their behaviour', Keat. ii 4022 . dochum mh'anma do shlānughadh ┐ mo bheathadh do leasughadh, Rial. S.F. 1287 . rún leasaighthe `purpose of amendment', Parrth. Anma 4779 . fear leasuighthe an bhriste `repairer', Isaiah lviii 12.

(d) act of looking after, caring for, maintaining, supporting, preserving; maintenance, care : is lá comurba Petair lesúgud na Eurupa, Trip.² 291 . do cach lesugad iar nDia ┐ duine, Laws iii 22.8 ( .i. do biud ┐ coimiteacht, 25 ). in lucht ro herbad dóib do lessugud, ┐ níros lesaigset (of the áes gráid in hell), LU 2208 ( FA 28 ). na hindmasa . . . do-ratait dúin diar fhulang ┐ diar lessugud fodéin eter chorp ┐ anmain, PH 6121 . arfeith .i. airitiu nó l.¤, ut dicitur: arfeith cend a memra , O'Mulc. 103 . fuair . . . bás gan faoisittin, gan lesucchad na hecclaisi `ministrations', BNnÉ 231.23 . ní bhiaidh imshníomh lóin nó leasuighthe ar bhar laochaibh, Dhá Sgeal Art. 2109. Of children: urailid dliged air a lesccugad `to educate them', Laws iii 542.2 Comm . in dalta icá tai leasugud fria re cian, Lism. L. 1422 (quem nutrire solebas, Lat. Lives 75 ). is coir a lesugudh co maith, uair is e bus righ i n-Edail a[d] diaid-siu, Aen. 644 . dia mbeiredh lenamh . . . a mharbadh, ar ni raibhe aca acfaing a lesaighthe, BNnÉ 40.6 . ba buidheach don l.¤ tucadh fair (of a boy), Lism. L. 3035 . gur tuirsighedh aithre ┐ oidigh . . . dhá leasughadh ┐ dhá ṡíormhúnadh, ZCP xii 396.26 . Of animals: tri C each buada ro batar for l.¤ aige which he maintained(?), Aen. 1605 (`which had been training by him'). Of objects: im chorus etha .i. med do cruaiche .i. im lesugad ind arba, Laws i 134.13 Comm . ma ar fath lesuigthe berur for teched (of cattle), v 192.z Comm . ro gab for l.¤ na hairge, IT i 40.10 . mad messu a bhláth nā (= no + a) lessugud lett indiu é andá in lá tucus bar in lettir i Cruachnaib Ái (of a sword), TBC-LL¹ 5954 . di lessugud loṅg ┐ luchtlaigi ┐ lónti do thecht in tṡlúagid, LL 299bx ( TTr. 936 `to prepare', Stokes). cach airicc urcoiteach robai for lesugud le that she had carefully preserved (tr. `that seemed to her useful'), CCath. 4137 . grúag . . . gan nighe, gan leasachadh unkempt hair, BNnÉ 169.12 . do aithin Flidais do'n bhanntracht an cend do lesugadh, Celt. Rev. iv 24.15 . Specifically of feeding, refection : ma ta leasug[ud] a serraigh isin sine, Laws iii 378.11 Comm . leór a llessaigthi enough to feed them, LL 12765 . ba doírbh lista a leasugud ar med satha a senblene (of Lebarcham), BB 257b10 . in corp do shásad ┐ do lessugud o aireraib na mbiad, PH 5997 . glēre lesaigt[h]i bíd ┐ cormae choice entertainment of meat and drink, BColm. 84.6 . do chaithem bíd ┐ lenda ┐ lessaigthi leō, MacCongl. 45.26 .

Freq. in Laws in phr. l.¤ ┐ comairléiciud maintaining and permitting (to remain). One who thus supported a criminal was liable to a fine, fíach lesaigthe: for nech biathus mac . . . a leasugad ┐ a comairlegad ban ┐ mac na murcartha, Laws iii 388.9 Comm . i[s] slan di (sc. in eclais) in lesugadh ┐ in comar-leigenn (sic) dogres, iv 234.23 . leasugadh ┐ comairleghadh neich marbas aitiri, O'Curry 2440 ( Eg. 88, 36 ). cid deorad cid faenlegach cid furfogradach . . . fiach leasaigthe ┐ comar-leicthe, O'Curry 1893 ( 23 P 3, 22 ). is fiach comarlécthi no lesaighthi masa urcraid, slán masa faendledach, O'D. 1668 ( H 5.15, 1 ). Cf. ? go mor muna lia leasugadh luigdeach luige lugaid lathgaile .i. as mor in gae mana leanad cinta leasuighthi do lughaidh laechdha, no do lughaidh do chorca luighde, O'Curry 1887 ( 23 P 3, 22a ).

(e) Of land, act of cultivating, tending, manuring; manure : an talamh oirfither accat . . . nach suirfe (iarrfadh, v.l.) lesachadh tre bithe will not require manuring, BNnÉ 321.22 . mór gcré nach tabhair toradh / go bhfaghair lé leasoghadh, DDána 6.31 . um lesughadh a los, RSClára 41b (`to water his plants'). an machaire ar a ccurthar iomad leasaighthe, Párl. na mB. 3207 . as lúghaide a toradh iomad leasaighthe do chur urthe, 3212 .

Of literary works: d'ḟer na ngrēs / lūag a lessaigthi ba bēss, Ériu xix 78 § 4.

(f) Used of some technical process or processes, (i) in brewing: re lesugad na bracha o do berthar uisce uirre, Laws ii 242.6 Comm . (ii) in tanning hides: dlegair leathar l.¤ , ZCP iv 468 § 2 . fear leasaighthe leathair a tanner, Acts ix 43 .

(g) fer lesaigthe, from Laws Comm. below seems to mean a man engaged on certain duties for the benefit of his túath. Cf. aire échta, Críth G. p. 70 . each fir leasaigthi (one of seven pledges on which it is difficult to estimate the compensation and interest payable), Laws v 238.19 ; glossed .i. each in fir is gnath ac denam leas oig .i. each in airi eachta, 242.7 Comm . cnead fir lesaigthe .i. dia mbe cū a coimitecht in fir oc timcell an tire co taesat na muca don coin, O'Curry 219 ( H 3.18, 115 ). More generally, guardian, teacher : ag fior leasaighthe an leinibh, PBocht 11.2 (equated with `oide', ibid). do thréig lucht a leasaighthe teachers(?), DDána 104.8 (`benefactors', Ir. Monthly 1929, 42 ).

mebair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mebair or dil.ie/31707
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: mebuir, mebar, -ur, memor, mebair, mebra, mebra, meabar, mebra

n i, f., (Lat. memoria). O.Ir. mebuir, Wb. 20a5 ; in Mid.Ir. also mebar (-or, -ur), memor.

(a) recollection, memory ( = that which is remembered), generally in early lit. as pred. of cop. and passing often into a pure adj. = remembered ; esp. in phrase: is m.¤ limm it is a memory with me, I remember . cani mebuir lib in senchas so? do ye not remember this story? Wb. 20a5 . m.¤ lem in ní dia fuil, Acall. 2491. memur lim aní diatá, ZCP viii 517.8 ( LL 191a28 ). memor latt . . . aní dosfuc, Metr. Dinds. iii 102. ba mebur lais an laíd, BColm. 98.22 . linn as mebar gan merblad we remember it without mistake, BB 13b = MacCarthy 310 (leg. mebair, : lebair). raḟiarfaigh doib inar meabor leo Tain Bó Cuilgni ina hóige, ACL iii 4.22 . With pl. subj. used in pl. (?) form mebra: bit mebra lim-sa rim lá | a n-anmand, LL 16a9 = at memra liomsa, Leb. Gab.(i) i 246. anmanna na sceul sin at mebra lat, Anecd. ii 43.8 , cf. ib. 3 . meabhra lim . . . a n-uirt is a n-anmanna, AFM i 134 (poem). In the follg. ex.: ` indat mebhair-siu itir' bar F. `isna airigthib gascid danímmís ac Scathaig?' `Isamm mebhair ám écin' bar C., TBC-LL¹ 3552 ( = an meabair leatsa . . . As meabair, St.), the forms indat, isamm probably represent 3 s. cop.+dat. pron. With fri of pers. remembering: memur fri cach sobard sen | a fhorard, Auraic. 1996. In follg. exx. mebra appears as a pure adj.: do laíde bid lán-mebra thy lays shall be fully remembered, Metr. Dinds. iii 366. anmanna . . . do neoch dibh batar mebra [mebair v.l.] ndo of such of them as he remembered, Anecd. ii 43 § 3. geasa righ aluinn Eamhna | ┐ a lann lanmebhra, BB 280b43 = lán-chalma, Leb. Cert. 248.6 .

(b) as subst.: ? luan ┐ mairt, meabair mbind, Laws iv 216.31 (poem). ata a meabhair agam I remember them, BNnÉ 178 § 31. is meisdi go meinic meabair | mad eimilt leabair in laeidh if . . . be prolix, the harder it is to remember it, Ériu x 88 § 109 (leg. meabar . . . leabar ?). do (de ?) mebair by heart, by rote: gabail ind tsailm de memur, Mon. Tall. § 39. co ro techta do mebair a créda he should keep in memory his `credo', PH 4178. ge maith egna do mebar though wisdom committed to memory is good, ZCP xii 385.23 . gach a cluinedh . . . do bhídh aigi do meabair, Acall. 631. nach léigheann líne lebair Dubartán . . . 's gan aonfhocal do mhebair that D. cannot read one line of a book nor has even a word by rote, SG 280. do cuirthí do mheamhair leis na macaibh fóghluma é was committed to memory, Keat. i p. 90 . co nach bi ní da gcluineadh gan a bheith do ghlainmeabhrae aige, MR 282.7 . go dtí an bráth biaidh ar meabhair an céadlá 'until the Judgement come they will remember the first day' Éigse xxi 42 § 10 . The form mebra may have come in later Mid.Ir. to be regarded as a variant and used in all cases.

Hence the faculty of memory: ba hollom berla féne, | ba leignid lēire mebra, LL 201b42 . toil ┐ tuigse ┐ meabhair, TSh. 5266 , cf. 827 . maoladh na meamhrach, 1785 .

(c) in early Mod.Ir. used in wider sense, reason, intelligence: níor mhíadh ┐ níor mheabhair leis labhairt ria he deemed it neither honourable nor sensible, RC xxix 142 § 65. ba cheannsa meabhair chum réitigh `that had a gentle way of making peace', O'Rah. xxvi 51 (1911). éicen denamh a ndubairt . . . ni hiarrtha acht mebair Maghnais the mind (desire) of M., Irish Texts ii p. 52 § 19 (cf. Eng. `I have a mind to . . .').

mem(m)ar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mem(m)ar or dil.ie/31920

 

Forms: memmor, membur, meamair, memru, meamur, memor

n o, n. and m. (Lat. membrum) memmor, LL 284a12 . n p. membur, Thes. ii 246.6 . meamair, Laws v 6.25 Comm. a p. memru, iii 34.2 (text).

A limb, member ,

(a) in older texts in fig. sense; in Laws a member of a community (often tenant of a chief, who is figuratively styled cend): oire nundem membur uile du Dea we all are members unto God, Thes. ii 246.6 ( Cambr. 37d ), where the legal sense is perhaps implied. cach memar dia chind choir (let) each member (pay) to its proper head, Laws iii 26.5 . fofuaslaice flaith ┐ fine ┐ eaclas . . . cach n[d]ochar focerdtar [sic leg.] for a meamra, iv 54.5 . ii 278.19 . ni dorata flaith no eclais dia memraib techtaib, v 314.18 . arfeith cend a memra a head has precedence over its members, O'Mulc. 103.

(b) in physical sense: m.¤ .i. mēr ut est . . . im memur laime no coise (i.e. finger or toe), O'Dav. 1263. ACL iii 311.2 . Esp. of the membrum virile: meamur [memor v.l.] congna [congaib v.l.] ferrdha fir, Forus Foc. 46. meamar .i. ball fearrdha, O'Cl. Of a woman: fri memar a cuirp, O'Dav. 1263. Cf. also LL 284a12 = ZCP xviii 92.1 .

mem(m)ra

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mem(m)ra or dil.ie/31921

 

Forms: membræ, menbr, memro, memrai, memrae

n io, m., (<Lat. memoria `monument'). d s. membræ (gl. tumulo, Eclog. v 42 ), Thes. ii 46.20 = menbr, p. 361 (perhaps n s.). memro, Fél. 168.11 (poem), but: isin memrai , 244.21 . g p. memrae, Fél. Prol. 224.

A monument over the dead, a tomb; often a shrine (containing a saint's relics). conda-róet oen-memra one tomb received them, LB 179 marg. inf. saire muilind no duirthige no membra ` a shrine ', Laws iv 154.20 . téit A. isin membra do deiscin in chuirp, Fél. 244.32 (= mbemrai, Fél.² clxxi 12 ). inmain dias fil fo fois | icon crois 'con memro thes, 168.11 (expld.: ar ata membro .i. taisi Finain ┐ Onchon a n-aen maighin, ib. 13 , as if = relics ). i mmemraib óir, Prolegomena 80. Les in memra (n.l.), Lism. L. 2655 = Less an m.¤ , AFM ii 1070.7 . m.¤ .i. scrin no taisi, O'Dav. 1232. meambra .i. sgrín no coimhéd a mbid taise, O'Cl.

mem(m)raid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mem(m)raid or dil.ie/31923

 

Forms: memrad

v ā, ( memra ) lays in a tomb, inters: pass. pret. do memrad ann é, ACL iii 311.11 (B.na f.).