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2 aí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 aí or dil.ie/715
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: aui, uith, uath, úad, uaidh, n-uath, ái, ai, , aibh

n t, m. (? Orig. neut. Celtica x 83 ). Earliest form aui (monosyll.), GOI 206 and ZCP x 446 . Later f. a s. uith, IT iii 5 § 1 . g s. uath, ib. in úad , O'Dav. 6 . d s. uaidh, O'Curry 370 . (H 3.18, 207a). g p. na n-uath , LL 5088 . With non-dental inflection a s. ái, Corm. Y 74 . g s. inna ai , RC xxvi 21 note 5 . n p. , Auraic. 742 . d p. aibh, IT iii 87 § 96 .

Poetic inspiration, learning; metrical composition: Dlighedh sesa, a treatise on the genesis of aí, Ériu xiii 35ff. (See notes and Corthals, Akten Linz 127-47 ). itat coic æ and .i. æ ailes ┐ æ chanas ┐ æ aiges æ mides ┐ æ suides, Auraic. 408 (see Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 65 ). caill crithmon . . . .i. caill asa tāet cless na uadh (clesa n-uad LB) ind airc [h]etail, Corm. Y 237 . felmac .i. mac ūad; fel .i. ái, 599 . ái .i. airc[h]etul, 74 . felmac .i. fel ai ┐ seis . . . .i. mac sesa ┐ mac uadh .i. airceta[i]l, O'Dav. 880 (see Ériu xiii 35 ). ái no áoi .i. éigsi no éolcha, O'Cl. féth .i. áoi no ealadha, ib. ic fethugud ai, Rawl. 108b34 = LL 187a11 . aithne damh homa re hæi .i. re heladain, ZCP v 483 § 1 (B. na f.). dochanaid aoí do cretaibh féth, Ériu xiii 17.11 . tiasg aoidh no uadh anmain Dé, 38.2 (= tiasc (sic leg.) ai i n-anmain Dé, O'Dav. 1564 ). tuarustal n-úadh ann so, 18 . ara theintemhlacht na mbríathar úadh ar is nemhnech bríathra in dána iter, Cóir Anm. 240 . cetharda condegar co hæs nuath do airic 'ma nuith, IT iii 5 § 1 . is fis o menmuin amh in ae, O'Dav. 991 . alt .i. aircetal, ar is alt in úad for it is a division of poetry, 6 . comiditer alta uad fri haltaib ín duine the divisions of prosody are compared to the joints of a person, IT iii 122.24 . cia halt huad . . . alta nan huad, Auraic. 1577 . tlachtga na n-uath dub a n-aerthar etc. , 5234 . acht mad æ roscichestar inna menmain .i. dliged gotha . . ., 488 = in aei, 2985 . fri comuaim n-uad, 3538 . dia coibdealachas a (=ó) huaidh on account of his artistic kinship with him, O'Curry 370 ( H 3.18, 207a ). sai uadh a sage of poetry, Laws iv 358.4 Comm. cain teasbann teim essgal sceo ni ain ni hain ai is mo hae is moam mo ain (.i. mo rosc ar focus no hai is lim indi as moo dom ainius) (the poet Dallán finds compensation for loss of sight in inner hearing and his art?), ZCP iii 224 § 13 (Amra Senáin). almsana is aoi / dá ndáil don lobhar is don lag, Measgra D. 59.14 . d'fhior go n-aoi, TSh. 5766 . Of Muses: da comfoirti na naoi nae, Celtica ii 71.45 . tomus a.¤ measure, quantity in verse(?): caide tomus cach hae a illabaibh? IT iii 24 § 6 . tomus nae [anal] ┐ innsci do cach iar na miad, Laws i 18.y Comm. tommus n-ai, IT iii 187 § 6 . trefocal . . . cen áe for anae (apparently some kind of metrical fault), ACL iii 293.10 ( Auraic. 1935 ). See Celtica vi 215-6 .

In names of metres: dona haibh freslige, IT iii 87 § 96 . aí idhan, 101 § 183. As n.pr. Aoí mac Ollamain, Ériu xiii 38.y . cia ainm regas ar in macsa . . . tabair Aí fair . . . conid assain . . . ro ainmniged aí airchetail .i. ó Aí mac Ollaman, LL 14611 ( ZCP xx 194.6 ).

argam(a)int

Cite this: eDIL s.v. argam(a)int or dil.ie/4135
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: argum(e)int, -e, argumanti, arguiminti, arguini, arrumainte, arrmuinti, armainntib

n f. Orig. indecl. in sg., see GOI 191 , 574 (Lat. argumentum). O. Ir. argum(e)int. Later also -e. argumanti, Hib. Min. 250 . arguiminti, Mac Aingil 6067 . arguini. Luc. Fid. 5028 . arrumainte, Trip. xliii 2 . For the change rg > rr cf. immurgu (O. Ir. immurgu). Note also arrmuinti (g p.), Smaointe B. Chr. 5649 . armainntib, Ir. Astr. Tr. 2.20 . With unlen. m in edd. of early mod. texts. Mod. Ir. -úin, -óin.

(a) the means by which an assumption is made clear, argument, evidence, reason: argumint gl. argumentum, Thes. ii 18.32 (BCr.). argumind, 17.32 (ibid). ar theguisg an diabhal d'argamuinntibh dhó (of Luther), Mac Aingil 5280 . dorone arrgamint for da teóra a n-aghaidh E., Stair Erc. 1314 (see p. xxviii ). uile shleadha arguimeinnteadh th'eascarad, Desid. 4685 . cia do ḟoirmeadh an arguin sin? Luc. Fid. 4911 . go bhfoireadh Dia ar fhear na harguna-sin, 4996 . le arguin, le ceill, 4988 . cuid d'argúntaibh na n-eiriceach, Eochairsg. 94.23 . ag freagradh dona cúig argóntaibh, 42.11 .

(b) contents, subject, theme (of a written work etc.): is argumeint do cid a titul gl. titulo suo contenens argumentum, Ml. 40b1 . file ressind argumint seo .i. gaibid mod ṅargumint gl. titulus quoque instar argumenti est, 64c 11 - 12 . is hed tosceuli ind argumint so, Thes. ii 39.25 . is ed a ndéde so rogabad dún isnaib argumentaib, Ml. 74b1 . issi . . . ind a.¤ in chanóin forsa fothaigther in caiptel, Lib. Hymn. 66.3 . argamaint seo remi-tet / ind ochtmad sailm dēc ar chēt, Ériu xi 104 § 5 . foillsigter na focail ar tri coraib .i. scel ┐ arrumainte ┐ [s]tair, Trip. xliii 2 (see Éigse xi 18 ). caiti deochor etir in argumaint ┐ in titail, Hib. Min. 8 . 265 . arrgamaint dorala ar menmuin in ugduir ann, O'D. 1990 ( Eg. 90, 14a ) = O'Curry 1621 ( 23 Q 6, 7a ). is amluidh so riagailter in rath argamaind `account', Laws ii 218.18 Comm. is i meit na haragamaint so uile, 220.y Comm.

con-oí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. con-oí or dil.ie/12252
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: -oadar, conói, conoí, conae, conái, -comai, con-oadar, conothar, conoathar, -comathar, cota óeiade, cotao, cotnae, cod-na, -comrai, cotaro, connoither, cotdóith, conoat, conoatar, cotnoat, cota-oat, cotasnoad, connóitís, comae, coto, comad, comhadh, comathar, comadar, comaither, comid, comaid, conoither, con óither, -comathar, chomastar, -coma, cotam-róither, -comathar, comthar, -comud, connaedis, conoaba, cotn-ōfathar, cot-n-ōfadar, cot-noaba, -comfa, coimétaid, comad, coimét

v also dep. -oadar (see GOI 472 ). Ind. pres. 3 s. conói, Wb. 29d29 . conoí, Críth G. 39 . LU 7951 ( BDD 157 ). conae, Laws iii 44.21 Comm. iv 348.1 Comm. O'D. 2310 ( Rawl. B 506, 31b ). conái, SR 449 . -comai, Laws ii 284.25 . con-oadar, ZCP xi 81 § 9 . conothar, Rule of Tallaght 72 § 37 . conoathar, Ériu iii 106 § 43 . -comathar, Laws v 78.24 . LL 25008 . With inf. pron. cota óeiade, Wb. 29d29 . cotao, Críth G. 41 . cotnae, Laws iii 36.7 . cod-na, Ériu xiii 30.30 . With ro of possibility -comrai, Críth G. 34 . cotaro, LU 4640 (TBC). Pass. connoither, Mon. Tall. 129.30 . 2 p. with inf. pron. cotdóith, Wb. 7d4 . 3 p. conoat, O'Curry 2167 ( Eg. 88, 5(6)a ). 2410 (32(33)a)). conoatar, Ériu xvi 180 § 10 . With inf. pron. cotnoat, Ml. 112b20 . cota-oat, Celtica viii 60 § 8 .

Impf. 3 s. with inf. pron. cotasnoad, Anecd. i 59.1 . 3 p. connóitís, Metr. Dinds. i 34.86 .

Ipv. 2 s. comae, Ériu i 192 § 1 . ? coto, RC xxv 22 § 3 (but see Fing. R. 484 n. ). 3 s, comad, ZCP xi 80.18 . comhadh, Ériu xiii 20.1 . Pass. comathar, LL 13794 (rhet.). comadar, ZCP xi 80 § 3 v.l. comaither, O'Curry 2408 ( Eg. 88, 32 (33)a ). 2 p. comid, Wb. 27a3 . comaid, Metr. Dinds. iv 210.20 . 188.48 .

Subj. pres. 2 s. conoither, Ériu i 202 § 28b . con óither, Celtica viii 74 § 34 . ? ni ro cumai, O'Curry 1890 ( 23 P 3, 22 b ). 3 s. -comathar, Críth G. 37 . ? chomastar, IT iii 52.14 . -coma, LL 15974 . Laws i 84.10 (sic leg.). Pass. (with inf. pron.) cotam-róither, Fél. Ep. 69 . -comathar, Ériu ii 204. z . comthar, O'Curry 525 ( H 3.18, 263a ). Impf. 3 s. -comud, Laws i 264.6 . 3 p. connaedis, Ériu xiii 31.19 .

fut. 3 s. conoaba, Trip.² 2507 v.l. With inf. pron. cotn-ōfathar, ZCP xi 80 § 7 (cotnóba, v.l.). cot-n-ōfadar, 87 § 51 . cot-noaba, 88 § 56 . -comfa, Ériu ii 194 § 8 .

For pret./perf. see con-eim.

Later replaced by coimétaid. See also coimdigid.

Vn. comad, coimét.

Protects, preserves, guards, keeps : amal ro pridchad dúib cotdóithsi gl. testimonium Christi confirmatum est in uobis, Wb. 7d4 . amal ro pridchad dúib comid gl. in ipso ambulate, 27a3 . céne connoither mo thimnasa `as long as my injunctions are observed', Mon. Tall. 129.30 . Conall conoí luiṅg lúath o Ultaib, LL 14196 (rhet.). cot-n-oí `it preserves him', Celtica viii 60 § 7 ( ZCP iii 448 ). corp con-oī anmuin; anim con-oī menmuin , 68 § 18 ( 452 ). ni tualuing imfoichida . . . nad comai coru, Laws ii 284.25 . comaig (leg. comaid, Gloss.) `attend!' Metr. Dinds. iv 368.7 . comhadh cách a choimhdedh céim, Ériu xiii 20.1 `let each preserve the way of his lord', Celtica vi 225 . ni fili nád chomge comathar na scéla uile, LL 25008 for: nād comathar chomgne nād na scēla `who does not preserve', Ériu xviii 142.w . nach cor focerdtar for æs forngaire i n-écnairc neich cotoaí, ZCP xiii 23.24 . comathar caín let law be observed(?), LL 13794 (rhet.). manis comathar fer Féne lais, Críth G. 37 `unless a f. F. preserve it with him', Notes. ? in drem roscuimeodhbad ōn c[h]ineōl tānaisti `who will preserve themselves(?), ZCP viii 215.w . ferg .i. lāech unde dicitur: comaid ferg fōebar, Corm. Y 648 = comadh `let a hero keep an edged weapon', O'Dav. 839 . connaoi .i. coimhédaidh no cumhdaighidh, O'Cl. eirbe .i. ab erba .i. a uerbo. arindī conói fēr, O'Mulc. 418 .

1 delb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 delb or dil.ie/15324

Forms: delb, dealbh, deilb, delb, delbe, delbae, delba, dealbha, deilbe, delbi, deilbh, deilb, delb, dealbh, delba, delbae, delba, ndelbu, ndelbu, ṅdelbæ

n ā, f., later also o and u, m. n s. delb, Wb. 1b19 , 24a8 . BDD § 99 . dealbh, IGT Decl. §§ 38 , 39 , 192 ( deilbh, § 42 ). a s. deilb, Ml. 52 , PH 2499 . delb, 57 , 180 . FA 10(LU). g s. delbe, Wb. 1b19 . delbae, Ml. 65c16 . delba, LL 213a28 . dealbha, IGT Decl. ex. 1029 . deilbe, Acall. 7039 . delbi, PH 440 . deilbh, IGT Decl. ex. 1032 . d s. deilb, Wb. 22b8 . delb, Aen. 293 . dealbh, IGT Decl. ex. 988 . n p. delba, TBC-LL¹ 1370 . delbae (delbæ, MS.), Sg. 166a1 . a p. delba, Ml. 65c16 . Cf. co ndelbu , FA 8 (LB). fria ndelbu (: derbu), SR 8084 . Gramm. oct ṅdelbæ (sic) gl. formae octo, Sg. 166a1 .

(a) form, figure, appearance, shape: fúath et d.¤ a baissom form, Wb. 24a8 . co mbiam i ndeilb ísu, 27b13 . fo deilb natrach, FA 25 . is adbar ríg ar deilb, Sc.M² 14 . isat cara iar ndreich ┐ deilb, cen cop ed iar fhír, PH 3099 . dobered criaid ṁbuidi moa bullu do chlith a delba to disguise himself, Rawl. 141a17 . go ndearna . . . an dúnsa ar dheilbh cláoin-Teamhrach, Ridgeway Essays 338 . cibé dianid sháil d.¤ do gabail de sech amal ata quisquis se uideri uult quod non est, PH 6052 . neach no biadh ic a forcsi, ni gebad d.¤ eli dib acht would have imagined . . ., CCath. 782 . cuma no suidigud na hymhaighi do réir na deilbhi bís a menmuin an tshaeir `according to the form existing in the artificer's conception,' O'Gr. Cat. 235 .

(b) likeness, image, statue: in deilb gl. statuam, Ml. 132c2 . cuirid ass deilb Mairt ┐ brissid hi, PH 2499 . ro crochsam th'imágin ┐ do d.¤ , 180 . [sciath] go ndeilbh leomain ara taoibh, Caithr. 116 . ni denta delbha na rinnighecht forra, CCath. 1910 . an t-anam do thabhairt don tí 'sa dhealbh atá ann, TSh. 1354 .

As vn. shaping, fashioning, arranging, composing: scél brégi do dheilb, PH 7610 . ní neamhchóir duana do dheilbh, IGT Decl. ex. 1312 . deilbh oige ní hobair dhuit the making of poetry, Content. xxii 29 . do dheilbh síodha fris to arrange a peace with him, Hugh Roe 56 . Cf. deilbh (an tsídha), IGT Decl. § 42 .

Compds. ¤chomartha, MR 114 . ¤chomarthach, 120 . ¤chosmailigid resembles in form: na neiche suaichinte . . . ris ar delb-cosmailigiustar D., 118 . ¤dathach, IT iii 41 . ¤glan: Dia d., Leb. Gab.(i) 66 . ¤glaine: re sluagh nDe co ndealbhgloine, Lib. Flav. ii 32va39 . ¤naíde bright-faced: i comeagar dreiche d. Domnaill, MR 118 . ¤rosc precept: firtar la Maram athclud co n-edaid aru Rig delbroscc 'it is confirmed by "the Mariner" that he had found a reversal of the precept of their King' Peritia iii 449.10 . ¤ṡnuigthe wrought with images: do bhocóidibh . . . dealbh-snuighte, ML 128 .

delbthach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. delbthach or dil.ie/15351

adj o, ā. (delbad): gné dealbtach formal , O'Gr. Cat. 235 . genemain dealbtach . . . mar atá cuma no suidigud na hymhaighi do réir na deilbhi bís a menmuin an tshaeir, ib. in brig d.¤ gl. (uirtus) fantastica, Mackinnon Cat. 40.29 .

díscaíled

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díscaíled or dil.ie/16774

Forms: díscáeilti, diosgaoilidh

vn. of díscaílid. g s. díscáeilti, ZCP ii 242 . diosgaoilidh, 24 P 22, 35.14 .

(a) separating, sundering, dispersing: a tóebtu cen discáiliud their inseparable union (of David and Jonathan), SR 6050 . discailed na n-apstal, LB 151a17 . Crist do crochad ┐ a descipuil do discailiud, 135a15 . do discailiud comoenta na cetar dūla, Cog. 180 . dóirsi . . . do dhíosgaoileadh (of breaches made in a battalion), ML 130 .

(b) breaking up, demolishing: do díscáiledh na múr, CCath. 1757 . roḟaidh a marcachu . . . do tarrachtain in droichit cen díscáiledh `to seize the bridge and save it from destruction', 1272 . co ndingned tempul Dé do díscailed, PH 2721 = do discailiud, YBL 143a21 . iar n-indriud ┐ díscáilid primcathrach na Troianda, Mer. Uil. 1 . díscáiliud Gall ┐ caistel one who scattered the foreigners and broke down their strongholds, AU 1196 .

(c) wasting away, dissolution: o dhíscáoileadh an chuirp, 3 C 22, fol. 6v10 . an corp do bheith aga dhiosgaoileadh (in consumption), 23 K 42, 160.5 . in dísgáiled teid ar in menmuin ón sduidér (= animalis dissolutio), O'Gr. Cat. 260 . Fig. díscáiled conáich dispelling of luck, Fianaig. 72 . discailiud in flaithiusa Románaig, CCath. 918 . dissolving (usual meaning in early mod. Ir., esp. med. texts): disgaoileadh ┐ leathnugadh doní an tes (= calidum dilatat et resolvit), 24 P 22, 35.14 . le mét díscáeilti in tesa the dissolving power of heat, ZCP ii 242 . sigin d.¤ na n-aronn relaxing , 23 K 42, 177.10 .

dḯuit

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dḯuit or dil.ie/16964

adj i (dí + ét, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 219 , dí + fot, GOI § 105 )

(a) simple, single-minded, sincere: ni sulbir in bríathar .i. ní dron act is diuit et is glé, Wb. 17b4 . diuti dúthrachtig do chomalnad soscéli gl. sinceres, 23b4 . ba diuit (.i. glan) fri Dia in naem-og sin, ZCP xii 293.21 . ba diuid dílocht o menmuin , vii 311 . gach cendais, gach ciúin, gach diūid, Ériu vi 236 . dús im bad diuit ┐ im bad maith a thaírus straightforward , Imr. Brain i 52 ( LU 11008 ). tabrait dait a coibsena | co diūit ┐ co lēir let them make full and sincere confession, ACL iii 318 , cf. LB 261a66 . As subst. sincerity, truth: ara n-indissed di diuit a imtech[ta], LU 11033 (diúiti, diuidi, v.ll.) ( Imr. Brain i 56 ). Of animals: don dá dhamh díana, díuide | doní doimh ciuine cennsa undomesticated , BNnÉ 213 § 79 .

(b) single, simple, uncompounded; often opposed to comsuidigthe compound: inna brēthre diuite of the simple verb, Sg. 168a3 . in diúit no in comsuidigthe in focul is eitged? Laws iii 94 . coll ar coll ndiuit single c (opposed to q = cu), Auraic. 2895 . gort ar gort ndiuit single g, 2898 . diles do a seacht diuidib it is proper to its seven simples (i.e. units, constituent parts?), 747 . crābud in buirb co n-indmus | los diuit, nit-goire a gris a flame and nothing more, its glow warms thee not, ZCP vii 311 . sugh na smér do tabairt co diuid nō maille biadh by itself or with food, 23 Q 5, 48.31 . ni bhfhuil acht trí gnéthe ar na fiabrusaibh aonda diuide, 3 C 19, 241 vb 1 . nach eslainte diuid . . . acht eslainte comhsuighi[g]thi, 129 va 25 . leiges diuid . . . leiges comsuigigthe, 23 P 10, 136a75 . leiges diuid .i. an leiges nach bi contraracht cumusci rena fholad (= simplex medecina), 23 F 19, 27 va 29 .

(c) simple-minded, silly: bale i mbai in Dagda, nar diúit who was no fool, Ériu vii 220 , 228 . hí Tressaig nocha dāl diúit `not a backward race', ii 50 . a druith na halla . . . a brecanaigh diúit!, IT iii 98 . is diud ┐ as amglicc do duine amhurus do beith aigi ar na briathraibh adubairt Crist, Lib. Flav. ii 40 rb 5 . a daeine diuidi borba is mall-croidi docum creidim, 3 B 22, 80 b10 . ag rādh neithi ndiuid leanbuidhi, 3 C 19, 78 vb 10 . aislingthe eglacha . . . diúide, 3 C 22, 206b31 . timid, hesitating (?): ba diuit meta a comarli, Cog. 170 ( foolish ?).

do-moinethar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-moinethar or dil.ie/18148
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: -toimn-, tomn-, domuinur-sa, domoiniur, domointer-so, muinemmar, domuinetar, d-a-munetar, du-m-munetar, do-d-mainetar, dummenathar, tomnathar, dumenammar, dumenmar-ni, tomnammar-ni, tomnatar, domenad, namtomnad, tomnitis, tomontis, doménar-sa, durumenar, do-nd-ruimin-so, dorumenair, durumenar, durumeo[i]n, torménmar-ni, thormenid, durumenatar-som, tormenatar, dorumensat, -tomnadar, -tomnaitiur, -tomnaiter, tomainte, tomnibther, dommuinfide, dorumat, toimte, toimtiu, do(u)ruimnim-si, doruirmenaiter, domenaimm

v (* to-muin, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 581 ). Prot. -toimn-, tomn- (domúin-, tóimn- somet. in LB). Indic. pres. 1 s. domuinur-sa, Sg. 209b10 . domoiniur, Wb. 14a10 . 2 s. domointer-so, 1c13 . 1 pl. (with tmesis) do . . . muinemmar , ACC § 35 . 3 pl. domuinetar, Ml. 39d26 . d-a-munetar, 35b10 . du-m-munetar, 113d11 . do-d-mainetar, Sg. 5a6 . Impf. 3 pl. dommuintis-som, Études Celt. xl 67 ( Ml. 54c18 ).

Subj. pres. 3 s. dummenathar, Ml. 49a15 . arna tomnathar , Wb. 13c2 . 1 pl. dumenammar, Ml. 78b24 . dumenmar-ni, 15d5 . arna tomnammar-ni , ib. 3 pl. in tomnatar , 18a5 . Impf. 3 s. domenad, Sg. 207b4 . ar namtomnad , Wb. 17d23 . 3 pl. arna tomnitis , 4d17 . arna tomontis , 12d21 . For fut. see GOI § 634 . Cond. see below. Pret. 1 s. doménar-sa, Wb. 3c26 . do-mēn, CIH iii 919.36 , Ériu lix 130 . Perf. 1 s. durumenar, Ml. 49b13 . 2 s. do-nd-ruimin-so, TBC-I¹ 931 . 3 s. dorumenair, Ml. 61d2 . durumenar, 32d10 . durumeo[i]n (dorumen, YBL), ACC § 108 . 1 pl. ní torménmar-ni , Ml. 115b1 . 2 pl. ní thormenid , 68b1 . 3 pl. durumenatar-som, 80b10 . ni tormenatar , 106d11 . ? dorumensat, SR 3689 .

Pass. indic. pres. sg. -tomnadar, ZCP iii 452 . -tomnaitiur (-tomainter, v.l.), 449.17 . pl. -tomnaiter, Ériu ii 116 § 49 . Subj. impf. s. arna tomainte , Ml. 96b18 . Fut. s. nád tomnibther , Wb. 25b28 . Condit. s. dommuinfide, Ml. 40c17 . Perf. dorumat, SR 4243 .

Part. toimte. Vn. toimtiu.

Later forms occur with -ro-; do(u)ruimnim-si, Ériu i 38.19 ; doruirmenaiter, Laws i 20.20 ; Stowe Gl. 43 (see below). With pres. stem -men-: domenaimm (: dogegaind), Fél. 6.10 (= domúinim, LB). See also do-ménainn, toimtnigid.

Supposes, opines, conjectures: rarely with accus.; generally with vn. phrase or subord. clause; commonly of an erroneous supposition. Transl. putare, Sg. 209b11 , Ml. 18a5 ; existimare, Wb. 1c13 , 17d23 ; opinari, Ml. 39d26 , 78b24 , suspicari, 49a15 . domonur . . . .i. dar lim, O'Dav. 1214 . doruirmneadur .i. do-saileadur, Stowe Gl. 43 . na tomnathar nech ni bes mó quam serui , Wb. 17a13 . ar aithis fortsu dummenatar som ani sin they consider that a reproach to thee, Ml. 113d11 . air tom-mén[ar]-sa dia I thought myself a god, 130d5 . nech tomainnethar ní nad accai who imagines something he does not see, Ériu vii 160.4 . cia domenad nech a buith . . ., ní fir, Sg. 207b4 . durumenar som Dia dia dermut he thought that God had forgotten him, Ml. 32d10 . is dímáin tóimnit a mbeith endga (= incassum se innocentes putant), PH 6124 . intan dober Dia in digail dommuinetar in dóini is (sic leg.) ferc do insin, Ml. 49b7 or for in dóini is (MS. indoiss) read int oīss doiss 'the ignorant' Ériu xlvii 205-6 . domuined cāch combo ulc[h]a bái lais, TBC-I¹ 1644 . doruménatár . . . ba léim roleblaing seom, FB § 82 . doruimenatar bádis fir ṡíthe they thought that (Patrick and his companions) were men of the Síde, Trip.² 1112 ( .i. do meanmnaigatar, ACL iii 20.28 ). tan bim eter in n-aes mer | dommuinet is mé a n-oisser they think I am their junior, Fél. 150.36 . dorumenutar ba dea in draicc, PH 6290 . domuinet sochaide na hapstail conid as cech berla rolabairset (= multi apostolos omnibus linguis locutos fuisse aestimant), 5485 . doruménair curpu na esergi comtis semiu indás áer (a heretical opinion), RC xxv 244 § 19 . dorumenadar (.i. rotoimtnigedar) magen asa fordāilte na hilbérla . . . romēartis and iarna comlāni they thought that the many languages would remain in perfection in the place from which they had been disseminated, Auraic. 150 . co na tomnide bad mílid acht bad manach (= ut iam non miles sed monachus putaretur), Lat. Lives 88.3 . arna tomnathar bed foammamichthe deacht don dóinacht lest it should be supposed, Wb. 13c2 . ar ná rothomned nech co mbad do thogail . . . tístaís, LL 220b15 ( TTr. 249 ). na rothoimnide combad deda no cetharda (of the Trinity), Goid. 67.4 .

Oft. with sense expects: gl. sperare, Wb. 14a10 . intain nád tomnibther a thíchtu when His coming will not be expected, 25b28 . ní tormenatar som a nditin ┐ a n-ícc gl. contra omnem spem, Ml. 106d11 , cf. 42a10 , 90c5 , 95d3 , 115b1 . dorumenatar a mbrith ina chrobaib they expected to be carried off (by it) in its claws, RC x 74 . demenar side ba ní pudh moo dogegadh he thought that he would have chosen somewhat more, RC xii 66 § 32 . dorumenar dotresed isin tres ló, PH 1859 . māin o neuch na tomnaitiur (tomainter, v.l.) treasure from someone from whom it is not expected, ZCP iii 449.17 . domuinsetar gomadh aca forbíadh a ionad, BNnÉ 296 § 30 . ō na tarraidh mian a mhenmhan . . . amhail doruimen as he had expected, Hugh Roe 104.8 .

Note also: dorumensat scur do tescad an crainn purposed (?), D IV 2, 43a36 . durumeo[i]n rétu pondered , ACC § 108 ( RC xx 278 ). doruimnestar D. ina menmuin an t-indligi[d] doronad, Anecd. ii 73.8 . ni mītomnadar o neoch none thinks ill of him (?) (of one who loves God), ZCP iii 450.29 .

fithidir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fithidir or dil.ie/22251

Forms: fithir, fithidrea, fithirae, fithidire, fithithre

n m. also fithir ; g s. fithidrea, Corm. Bodl. s.v. lethech (fithidire Y. fithirae LB). a teacher, esp. one who instructed scholars (écsíni) in the poetic art ; a word of more restricted application than `aite' and later confined to poetic style. fithir .i. athair an foirceadail no na healadhna, O'Cl. fithir (.i. in fithidir .i. in magistir), RC xx 248 ( ACC 52 ). bíd Moninnán ... a athir, a ḟithithir `M. will be his father, his tutor' Imr. Brain § 57 . fithithair fria fealmac (one of the legally recognized social connexions), Laws ii 344.4 (= in t-aite forcetail, 348.20 Comm .). fear cerda, ma[d] fithír `a man of art, if a professor' iv 236.15 . bendachais dia fithir (.i. aite), MacCongl. 11.3 . sóifid cách a dán i sáibforcital ... do chungid derscaigthe dia fithithir, RC xxvi 42 § 223 . fithighir fer nErenn re filidhecht ┐ re senchus, ALC 1506 . g s. isse ... bessad in gilla tosugud forcetail do t[h]engaid a fithidire , Corm. Y 676 (= fithera LB). ecsine ... co menmuin fithidire, 825 = (s.v. lethech) a ḟithirae LB. móradh fithithire, Ériu xiii 25.7 . ? ca soitheach fithir is fó ? (.i. ca hadbhur oide), ZCP v 488.12 (B. na f.). pl. cona urērset felmaic a fithithre `so that pupils will not rise up (in respect) before their teachers' RC xxvi 42 § 222 . a ffithire forcthe fealmacacha, Hugh Roe 162.13 (f. 43b) .

1 for

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 for or dil.ie/23272
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: for, far, bar, fuir, AR, FOR, AR, forsa, fora, fara, forsin[d], forsa, forsna, farsin, barsin, barsan, forin[d], forna, fornaib, forsn, forin, forna, formu, form, fort, fort, bard, fora, forar, forar, f., forar, f., form, fórm, formsa, fórmsa, forom, foromm, forumsa, foromsa, forum, ḟorum, orum, orum, orumsa, formm, ormm, fort, ort, fortsu, foir, fair, ḟair, foirsom, foirsem, fairseom, fairsem, foir, for, foir, fair, ḟair, ḟairside, faride, forrae, furri, ḟurthi, uirre, fuiri, furi, fuiri, furri, fuirri, fora, forra, fuirri, fuirre, uirre, fornn, fornd, ornn, fornni, forunni, forni, forund, forond, foirn, foirnn, foirnd, oirn, oirnd, foraindi, foraind, forainde, oraind, orainne, forn, forinn, orainde, foirib, forib, fuirib, furib, fuiribsi, furibsi, foraib, foraibh, foraibse, foirb, foirbsi, oraib, forru, forrusom, forro, forra, orru, forthu, fortho, forta, forib, foraib, forib, foraib, forroib, forru, forthu, foraib, for, ar, fair, air, AR, FOR, orat, orad, airiut, erut, AR, AR, f.

prep. with acc. and dat. See Thurn., Gr., and Fraser, ZCP viii 34 ff . Lenition of the obj. occurs once in the Glosses: for chenn, Ml. 44d29 , possibly a scribal error. Even in the modern period non-lenition is regular in some expressions after AR representing FOR, cf. the alliterations: feall ar filidh IGT, 24 P 8, 190.5 ; nā bí ar filidh go fortuil ib. (= Studies 1924, 245 ).

Forms: for (in Mid. Ir. MSS usually denoted by f surmounted by horizontal stroke) Glosses, pass. and later; occasionally far: Wb. 5b3 . Ml. 82d10 . Sg. 90b1 , 2 . Thes. ii 39.28 , 29 . TBC-LL¹ 3782 . LL 176a7 ( CRR 34 ), LL 268b20 ( MU² 860 ). bar, LL 265a39 ( MU² 452 ). TBC-LL¹ 2820 . 3613 , etc. fuir, Thes. ii 39.22 .

In later MSS. gradually replaced by AR. This appears occasionally in LU, more frequently in LL. In Maund. FOR still appears though AR is commoner.

With rel. part. forsa n-, fora n-: fara n-: forsa taith, Wb. 20b6 . forsa robae, Ml. 82d10 . forsa n-airisedar, Sg. 139b1 . forsmbeth, SR 1364 . forstā, 1839 . forsnaicci, Imr. Brain § 38 . forsmbí, § 43 . forsmbīd, Metr. Dinds. ii 42.2 . fora sernte Wb. 18c8 . fora taibre, 29a23 . fora n-idparar, 5b6 . fora mboí, Tur. 60 . fora ṁbi, Thes. ii 41.27 . forá mbí ib. 17 . fora mbiat, LU 2639 . fora taí, SR 3096 . farsa n-immér TBC-LL¹ 5961 . barsa mbatar, 3738 . fara mbí, Thes. ii 40.32 .

See Strachan, ZCP iv 63 ; 488 - 9 .

With article: forsin[d], forsa (n-), forsna, etc., Wb. 1d2 , 9d5 , 32d2 ; Ml. 22c12 , 46c3 , 48a21 , 84d4 ; Sg. 8a13 , 207a6 ; LU pass. farsin, Trip.² 1948 , barsin, TBC-LL¹ 4553 . barsan 3387 . Without -s-: forin[d], Ml. 60b14 , 94b11 , 120d7 . forna Ml. 51d19 . 69a11 . 138a6 . fornaib, Wb. 5a5 . Ml. 27d22 . See Strachan l.c.

Rarely with elision in sg., as in: forsn uscisin, SR 4632 .

In Mid. Ir. MSS. maintenance of -s- is the rule, though it is occasionally dropped by some scribes, e.g. forin, PH 3594 . forna, LU 2552 (H). CCath. 2574 . Marco P. 64 .

With poss. pron. 1 s. formu naimtea, Ml. 86c10 . for mo namtea, 88a8 . for mu mud, Thes. ii 294 . for mo menmuin ZCP x 338 ( Laud 615, 104 ). for mo thir ┐ for mo thalam YBL 113b47 (= form ... form, LL 270b46 . for mo chuit ..., Rawl. 134a4 ). form ḟuil, SR 1542 . form thigerna, 3188 . form laim ┐ form gail, LL 121a12 . See KZ xlviii 55 . 2 s. fort athair, Trip.² 1759 (= fort ha., Trip. 150 ). fort cheniul, Trip.² 1760 . bard, TBC-LL¹ 3230 . 3 s. and pl. fora. 1 pl. forar ndail, SR 3633 forar morsluag, 3974 . (cf. fer ruc breith for fis ... | for ndís bámar i cumriuch, SR 3286 , where f. is possibly a contraction of forar). 2 pl. f.¤ far naimtib, TTr.² 1775 .

With pron. suff.: 1 s. form, Wb. 8d26 . Ml. 2a6 . 59a18 . 104d2 . SR 1584 . fórm, LU 5669 . formsa, LL 224a28 ( TTr. 513 ). fórmsa, LU 4507 . forom, SR 1404 . foromm, TBC-LL¹ 3752 . forumsa, Ml. 44b29 . 89a2 . TBC-LL¹ 3750 . LL 234a34 ( TTr. 1278 ). foromsa, LL 223by ( TTr. 488 ). forum, Acall. 3357 . ḟorum, LL 234a13 ( TTr. 1261 = orum, BB 426a47 ). orum, Acall. 304c . 6994 . orumsa, 7696 . formm, LB 8a52 . ormm, LB 246b55 ( PH 7807 ).

2 s. fort, Wb. 6a14 . 28d9 . SR 6258 . LU 4789 . 6252 . ort LU 6097 . fortsu, Ml. 113d11 . LU 6593 .

3 s., m. n., acc. foir, Wb. 4d15 . 28b30 . Tur. 85 . 110c0 . Ml. 2a6 . 41a5 . 53a19 . 54c16 . Sg. 209b12 . fair, Wb. 7c4 . LU 6299 . LL 227b30 ( TTr. 777 ). ḟair, LL 220b ( TTr. 262 ). PH. CCath. pass. foirsom, Wb. 8c1 . foirsem, Sg. 209b12 . fairseom, LU 6239 . fairsem, CCath. 1803 .

dat. foir, Wb. 6d6 . 10b9 . Tur. 123 . for (older form, GOI 275 ) LL 49b19 ( Hail Brigit § 4 ). YBL 12a10 (cf. foir Ériu ii 55 § 3 = i 138 where rime with tol is required). fair LU 2051. 7554 . LL 98a34 . 99a40 . Acall. 89 . ḟair, LL 224b5 ( TTr. 533 ). ḟairside, LL 235b13 ( TTr. 375 ). cf. faride TBC-LL¹ 5173 .

cf. acc. forrae, Tur. 79 . furri, Acall. 6437 . furri, LL 224b39 ( TTr. 556 ). ḟurthi, LL 230a41 ( TTr. 968 ). uirre, Acall. 1253 .

dat. fuiri, Wb. 3d34 . Sg. 4b9 . Ml. 95b6 . furi, 45c9 . 118d6 . fuiri sidi, Sg. 199a5 . furri, LU 3918. 4512 . 7993 . LL 218a32 ; 221b19 ( TTr. 90 ; 323 ). LL 66a39 . LB 7a40 . fuirri, LU 4517 , SR 3108 . Marco P. 10 . fora (v.l. forra, fuirri), Imr. Brain § 3 . fuirre, Marco P. 12 . uirre, CCath. 1947 .

1 pl. fornn, Wb. 2a13 . 8d18 . 30b2 . Ml. 46b26 . 119d6 . fornd LU 3254 . 5220 . 6780 . 9244 . ornn, PH 6865 . fornni, Wb. 14b15 . Ml. 77c6 . 88a4 . 90d17 . forunni, 111c13 . forni, LU 1674. 8554 . forund, TBC-LL¹ 2974 . forond, LU 8620 . foirn, TBC-LL¹ 617 . PH 2060 . 7848 . foirnn, 1502 . foirnd, CCath. 648 . oirn, PH 6863 . oirnd, 8063 . CCath. 652 . foraindi, TBC-I¹ 3578 . LB 162a62 . foraind, Acall. 4867. 6165 . forainde, LB 34b56 . 162a53 . oraind, Acall. 2996 . CCath. 1679 . orainne (v.l. forn. forinn) 1659 . orainde, Acall. 5074. 7655 .

2 pl. foirib, Wb. 14c40 . 21d5 . Ml. 46a14 . forib, Wb. 6a17 ( ZCP xvii 223 ), 27c11 . fuirib, 14d17 . 20b2 . furib, Ml. 115b8 . fuiribsi, Wb. 7a4 . furibsi, 18a18 . foraib, Trip.² 1589 . LU 7233. 7755 . LL 239a15 . CCath. 3569 . foraibh, 610 . foraibse, TTr.² 119 . foirb, SR 5534 . Trip.² 1651 . foirbsi, SR 3116 . oraib, Acall. 7539 , YBL 376b42 ( Aithd. D. p. 158 ).

3 pl. acc. forru, Wb. 1d3 . 10c5 . 28c3 . Ml. 53d13 . 73b17 . 127b6 . LU 4784 . 5309 . LL 66b10 . 241b88 ( TTr. 1859 ). CCath. 3738 (Fr.). ḟorru, LL 223d27 ; 242b2 ( TTr. 438 ; 1908 ). forrusom, Wb. 9c10 . forro, LU 5796 (M). 5836 (H). Acall. 5317 . 7117 . CCath. 1237 (S) (in dat. meaning Acall. 2458 . 3501 . 3745 . LL 223b21 ). forra, CCath. 1640 (H). 3754 (Fr.). fortha, CCath. 3599 (Fr.). orra, CCath. 1237 . 1488 . orru, Acall. 3299 . forthu, SR 3942 . fortho, LU 2556 (H). fortha, CCath. 3599 (Fr.). fortu, forta, 1488 (v.l.).

dat. forib, Wb. 4d2 . 29b20 . foraib, Ml. 121a5 .

dat. for acc. forib, Wb. 28c4 . foraib, 4c35 . Ml. 49b6 . 54a4 . 54b30 . 90a25 . 118d19 . forroib, LU .5608 .

Cf. fortus.

In Mid.Ir. MSS forru (forro, forthu, etc.) and foraib are often found without distinction of case. In the Laud-Lismore text of Acall. pretonic for is very rare; it is regularly replaced by ar. But with suff. pron. 3 s. m. n. fair is predominant; there are very few instances of air. In the other pronominal forms those with and without f- seem to share the field equally.

In classical verse the pretonic form is AR, but the pronominal forms are regularly those of FOR without f. an exception is orat, orad (beside ort). Cf. O. Ir. airiut, erut from AR. See 24 P 8 (McKenna, Tracts).

Synopsis of meanings:

I Of local relations:

(a) on, upon , expressing both contact and relative position ( over, above ) also of mere external contact or position.

(b) of approximate position juxtaposition. on, at, by .

(c) in sense upheld, supported by; being worn or carried by .

(d) after verbs of placing, hoisting, over, up .

(e) of things attached to or forming part of the body, etc.

(f) in, amongst; forming a portion of .

(g) with acc. after verb or verbal noun implying motion on, over, to, towards .

II Of quasi-local relations, and in abstract and fig. expressions:

(a) of form, appearance, hue, etc.

(b) of arrangement, state, process; division, classification, naming .

(c) of point of time; coincidence of occurrence .

(d) on (of that by which something is evident, known, recognized, etc.).

(e) with words expressing quality, talent, success, etc. , indicating the possessor of these.

(f) over, of rule, sway, superior might .

(g) upon, in addition to; in succession to, after .

(h) on i.e. affecting, afflicting (of emotions, physical or mental states or conditions).

(i) governing object of blessing, cursing, punishing, etc.

(j) (existing) on, by means of (a food, diet); relying on; depending on .

(k) with abstr. or verbal noun, also with adj. in (a state or condition).

(l) at (an occupation or task).

(m) to express the dativus incommodi, the person adversely affected by the action.

(n) expressing constraint, compulsion: ata f.¤ is incumbent on; owing from (see 1 fíach).

(o) expressing worth, value .

(p) phrases.

(q) after adj.

III In verbal construction.

IV Replacing AR.

I Of local relations: on, upon , expressing both contact and relative position ( over, above ); also of mere external contact or position.

(a) on, over, above: buith f.¤ ochtrach, Ml. 129c2 . a mbís f.¤ altoir ind idil, Wb. 10a6 . ind altóir fora n-idparar, 5b6 . cen chaille f.¤ a ciunn (gl. non uelato capite) Wb. 11c9 . den chamull fora mbói, Tur. 60 . Conall ... forsin Deirg mounted on LL 122a34 . bretha ind óic ... f.¤ fúataib immach were carried out on biers LU 1595 . contuletsom f.¤ a ndergodaib 1829 . suidfid ... f.¤ a chathair, 2319 . luid ... co raba f.¤ a úaitni, 1723 . is fota a chubat f.¤ lár his measurement is long (when he is stretched) on the ground 1605 . fochartatar grith imme co mbátar f.¤ lár in tige, 7560 ( BDD 109 ). See also s.v. lár. Often = in: co mboí f.¤ medon ind lis, LU 1608 . cach óen creitfes ... f.¤ nim ní bá tróg, LU 9495 . cid f.¤ tír cid f.¤ usci cid f.¤ fidchill cotrisam whether it be on land or on water we contend, or over a chessboard 1674 . dia ḟagbáil i fid no i fidbaid, f.¤ tír no usci, LL 220ax ( TTr. 237 = ar muir na ar tir, BB 414a37 ). co forcongrad lais ... | na beth f.¤ crích n Israhél, SR 6216 (cf. atat cinedhaigh ar an fásach sin dianad ainm B., Maund. 49 ). co ra churet cath forsinn [ḟ]aithchi sin co torsed fuil formna fer furri, LL 221b18 ( TTr. 323 ). Cf. coro airet ... lá n-air ar inn [ḟ]aigthisea, LL 221b15 ( TTr. 320 = ... isin f.¤ , BB 415a23 ). atchiu fer ... for sin maig, LU 4564 . cid fó cid for ... beme whether we be above or beneath YBL 12a10 . in fú talam no f.¤ talam?, Trip.² 1118 . iarna bádhadh forsan abhainn `after she had been drowned in the river' Cóir Anm. 255 . ind uisci f.¤ ind nim anúas (gl. super caelum) Ml. 120d7 . domarfás and ... mothur ... ḟairside anúas, LL 235b14 ( TTr. 1375 ). cíid f.¤ in mac weeps over the child ZCP viii 311.14 . ro chí f.¤ a muime, Trip.² 115 . No chanta ór fírindi fair used to be chanted over him BDD 11 . banchuiri f.¤ colaind Fraích, LU 5236 . a fuini f.¤ grís to bake it on the embers SR 3903 . a scéith f.¤ a cennaib dia sáerad, LU 5888 . f.¤ bith, f.¤ domun, f.¤ talmain, freq. in sense above ground, anywhere on earth, in existence: in dia as dech f.¤ bith buan, SR 3973 . in t-én as luaithiu luamain f.¤ bith, LU 2477 (cf. ní boí isin bith ..., 3377 ). cenco beind acht óenlá f.¤ domun alive 5060 . ni raibi forsin domun ingen bid chaime ..., YBL 189b3 ( RC xxiv 198 ). (cf. ni fuil ní ar doman ina esbaid acht fín, Maund. 159 . ni fuighbither ... ar bith ná ar doman, CCath. 262 ). cech mil beo baí f.¤ talmain, SR 1930 . See also s.v. fot, 2 fúait, 2 ed.

Of wounds, bruises, etc. cned f.¤ corp, Laws ii 156.20 . facbait .l. cned fairseom, LU 4967 . co lín crechta f.¤ a chnis 4547 .

(b) Of approximate position, juxtaposition, on, at, by: ... file cuimrecha formsa, Wb. 23a5 . ata árchú lemsa ..., tri slabrada fair, LU 5001 . buithe f.¤ dese Dé on God's right hand Ml. 128a3 . ani f.¤ laim deis `that on the right hand' [side] Thes. ii 255.8 . Fergus ... f.¤ láim Ailello isin phupull ... M. f.¤ a láim aili do Alill, LU 4619 . Cf. O. ar a láim clí, ┐ M. f.¤ a láimsein, ┐ E. ara láimhsein, Acall. 2256 . (but: bachla f.¤ láim, SR 3915 corresponds to tenentes baculos in manibus Exodus xii 11 . See lám). dún ..., dorus umaide fair, LU 1793 . batar ... da dorus forsin uaim, PH 6316 . dorus ... as nesu ille is fair ro sudiged M., LU 2084 . ra sudigit ... secht ṅdorais furri, LL 227a ( TTr. 737 ). conéracht Glaiss C. fríu ... féotár fuirri (.i. f.¤ a bru), LU 5363 . cath f.¤ brú Derguist, 224 . f.¤ brú puirt G., LL 219b marg. inf. ( TTr. 142 ). f.¤ a mbeulu (gl. prone cadentium) Ml. 131b6 . form dreich sea facing me LU 3892 (see 1 drech). dofessid f.¤ gualaind C. seated himself beside C. 8076 (but in 5293 , 5294 , 5295 the literal meaning `on the shoulder' is probably intended). See 1 gúala. sléchtaid ... f.¤ díb traigthib ind noeb, Ériu ii 204.9 . Cf. is ar bordaibh cuirid iat they put them (sitting) at tables Maund. 39 . fon domun f.¤ cech leth (gl. longe lateque) Ml. 53b9 . tho ḟolt scailti ... f.¤ cach n-óenleth, SR 1602 . biait ar mná ... f.¤ bróntib at the querns (i.e. grinding corn, cf. II l) LU 5610 . nírb áelid dóib ar buí in slúag forro for cech leth, LU 1441 .

Cf. the fig. expressions: f.¤ belib (gl. in caritate non ficta) Wb. 15a37 . f.¤ bréthir (oppd. to in corde) 15d5 . indí forsa n-airisedar in gním (gl. in quem fit actus) Sg. 139b1 . is mithig forchenn fair, Ml. 118b6 .

Of pregnancy: in tan robtar lán a n-noí mís f.¤ Cormac when she had carried C. for nine months ZCP viii 310.31 . Cf. ba torrach f.¤ C. ib. 29 . See torrach. Possibly this use belongs rather to II.

(c) Freq. in sense upheld, supported by, also being worn (esp. of weapons, ornaments; IMM is regularly used of clothes) or carried by: Crist co crunn a cruche foir fesin (i.e. carrying it) Tur. 123 . acht robed arma Dae foirib, Wb. 22d15 . gaibid armma Dae foirib, 22d11 . día mbeth gaisced foraib if they carried arms LU 7296 ( BDD 94 ). fotalsceith foraib, LU 4491 . sciath f.¤ a chliu, LL 241b34 ( TTr. 1856 ). scíath ... f.¤ a muin, LU 10664 . claideb f.¤ a ṡliastaib, 9269 . claideb ...f.¤ a chris, 6561 . dulend f.¤ a bruinnib, 9267 . ticfat da dam ... ┐ tabraidsi in carpat foraib (= harness them to it) 3124 . ro inled a carpatt forna echu, Trip.² 2852 . ro loisc ... in cherdcha forro `set fire to the forge in which they were' (cf. II (m)) RC xxiv 194 ( YBL 188b ). f.¤ óenchoiss (standing) on one leg LU 6983 . atchiat insi ... f.¤ óenchois on a single pillar LU 1936 (cf. II j, 2).

(d) after vb. of placing, hoisting, over, up: focress a phupall f.¤ Ailill, LU 4618 . Claitir in fert fair, ZCP viii 560.33 . tuargabsat T. idnaid catha forru, LL 225a37 ( TTr. 552 ). toccbaid for mergedha foraibh, CCath. 610 . ro toccbait a fainbreiti siuil forta, 2870 . ra tocbait a eoin gaithi ... ḟurri `its vanes were uplifted' (of a ship) TTr. 140 ( LL 219a8 ). (fig.) tuárgabad fornn aire fochide, Wb. 14b22 .

Cf. la turcbail a mátan fair, LU 6560 , where the prep. evidently refers to the performer of the action. Similarly: tócbaid in derba fair ┐ dobeir bulli in [sic] cend na mná 4357 .

(e) Of things attached to, or forming part of a body, etc., as, parts of weapons; hair, limbs; leaves of trees, etc.: manais f.¤ crúnd midsing, LU 4491 . folt buidi furri 4512 . mong ... fair, 10795 . in folt ... ro asair furri 4231 . tri cruindberrtha foraib, 7139 . ni lugu bís finn fo a dernaind oldās fuirri anúas (of a hare), Bodl. Corm. s.v. pattu. a chend féin f.¤ ind ir út, LU 460 . cēt muinēl furri ┐ cét cend f.¤ cach muineol, 2430 . cét bass ... cét n-ingen f.¤ cach oenbaiss, 888 . .l. torc ... co cruib eich foraib = having the hooves of a horse Ériu xii 176.9 ( TE III 9 ). rethi co n-olaind ordai fair, LL 218a36 ( TTr. 93 ). lia nat luibi f.¤ maigaib, SR 935 . nach crann fors mbeth duilirath, 1364 . ásfaid ind oland forsnaib cairib, LL 291b26 ( RC xiii 462 . Cf. olann ... mar bis ar caerchaib ..., Maund. 181 ). di lus bís forsnaib caircib, Tur. 115 . lir ... fér f.¤ faichthi, LU 7233 ( BDD 89 ). lir ... dulli f.¤ fidbaid, LL 120b33 . Cf. dorigni cúach cera da gnúis ┐ da agid fair, LU 6453 . brisfed mo chend formsa, 5275 . co mmebaid a chend fair, 5300 where the prep. apparently imparts precision or emphasis, but cf. II (m). co tarla a di bond bána fair (= he became a corpse) LU 1497 ( MU² 987 ). a mbuind banai forra iarna trascrad RC xii 90 (see 1 bonn). Cf. techtaid delba ... fair, LU 2701 , cited II (a) below.

(f) In, amongst; forming a part of, mixed with: Colman diata Clann Colmáin f.¤ Feraib Li (i.e. belonging to F.L.) ZCP viii 293.31 (= a quo Cl.C. hi F.L., Rawl. 140a18 ). Mail D. a quo sil M.D. f.¤ Huib Echdach, Rawl. 140a21 = ZCP viii 294.4 . bátar Cristaidi forna cathaib sin diblínaib in both those battalions Marco P. 64 .

(g) With acc. After verb or vn. implying motion on, to, towards: intí do thuit foir, Wb. 4d15 . for a mbeulu (gl. prone cadentium) Ml. 131b6 . dosfuit f.¤ lar, SR 1719 . techt f.¤ nem, Wb. 15c22 . lotair f.¤ muir, LU 1697 . amal no théigtis suas forin drochet, 1794 . dofutitis écne ... anúas f.¤ talmain, 1916 . berthair uaimse f.¤ altóir A., 1932 . ro díbairgsi certli forsin luiṅg, LL 221b46 ( TTr. 344 ). ní cían ro saig mu suil forsa muir not far doth mine eye reach over the sea Trip.² 1312 (114) . na taít f.¤ culu, Wb. 25c14 . in grían do thecht ... f.¤ culu, Ml. 61a13 (see cúl). cingid ... di cach biur f.¤ araili, LU 5733 . téit ara chend forsin taulaig, 5759 . saidsíus f.¤ medón na glassi, 4797 . timachtatár taris ... la crand f.¤ scíathu by (beating) shafts against shields 5828 . do theged fian ... do seilg fairsium, 6138 . benaim beimend ... f.¤ slóg, 6171 . Cf. nicon tetarraid béim ... fair, 5977 . ní lamar fuligud forrosom, 4960 . Also fig.: léim ... dind tinchosc ... f.¤ aisndiis di thuiste dúile, Wb. 5c16 . ni tāinig cride neich fair no one had pity on him RC xxiv 48 (see do-icc).

In late MSS. the dat. pl. is common here: guro tuitseat f.¤ fanglenntaibh na tiri, CCath. 866 .

Across, by way of: nachab ticfed for rí ... do imthecht foirib a doirsea, Ml. 46a14 . f.¤ sligi M. dochoidsi, LU 5788 . issed dollotar ... .i. f.¤ Muicc C. ... f.¤ Crond, hi Cualngi across Muicc C. ... across Crond, into Cualnge 4593 - 4608 . tiat A. ... f.¤ Midlúachrae. ragmaine ┐ F. f.¤ Bernas nU., 5396 . comergit ... ara ammus, araill dib f.¤ less, araill f.¤ doras liss 5017 . fócoislé f.¤ forlés in tige, 10910 (cf. con-acca in n-én forsin forléss a ddochum, BDD 7 ). co tánic a inchind f.¤ a chlúasa, LU 5286 . co ndeochaid f.¤ a béolo sair, 6026 . docoised ferchend fora beolu, 5919 . maidid a loim fola f.¤ a beolu LL 273az .

See also under the verbs of motion referred to in III below, and such words as leth, 1 lorg, 1 selg, slicht, etc.

In follg. ex. the meaning is not clear: ro túaslaicthe f.¤ aicned na ndūl dia ndernta, LU 2518 (`according to the nature' Stokes, RC xxv 237 ). Cf. ro tuaislaiced fo aicned na ndula `was resolved into the original nature of the elements' PH 6980 .

II Of quasi-local relations, and in abstract and fig. expressions:

(a) of form, appearance, hue, flavour: delb a bais som form, Wb. 24a8 . delb anmandae foraib, Ml. 130a3 . ecosc n-abstal forib, Wb. 24a25 . condarbastar gné fírinne fuiri Ml. 95b6 (cf. delb domárfas fair, LU 4576 ). atá comarde fuirib, Wb. 21a5 . (Cf. the lit.: bíth comardae f.¤ a mbudin LU 5540 ). techtaid delba ┐ gnei écsamla fair, LU 2701 , cf. I (e), end. is follus ... gné mbróin fairseom, 2279 . datha na flesc ... hed nobid forsna huanaib, SR 2964 . na treoit ┐ dath óir f.¤ a n-alaind, LL 218a45 ( TTr. 99 ). sruth ... co rath somailse foir, Ml. 89d3 . bieid rath somailse f.¤ a belru 89c15 . secip blas bá mellach ... fogebed fair, LU 1788 . tintud Septin ... is he fil forna psalmaib (= the psalms are translated from the Septuagint version) Hib. Min. 10.334 .

(b) of arrangement, state, process; division, classification; naming: inna imthanad .i. fele [ = file] forsnaib ráthib, Ml. 93c7 . ataat .uii. ngne forsin chombug `the confraction is of seven kinds' Thes. ii 254.7 . oengles foraib huile, SR 92 . ataat deora erndaili forsin canoin, Hib. Min. 3.63 . atat cetri gnuse forsin canoin ib. 78 . cis lir rann fil f.¤ crū? Ériu i 214.12 . atat tri altai leusom f.¤ ind gabail (of singing the Canticles), Mon. Tall. § 33 (= atad dá mhodh ara n-abairthear íad, Rule of Tallaght 102 ). cia ord bias forru, LU 2575 . is diall femin file fair it is of the feminine declension Sg. 93b2 . doralsat óenclár catha foraib dia tobairt, LU 1478 ( MU² 955 ; `formed themselves into a solid phalanx' SGS v 30 ). daringsetar comraind slúaig forru, LL 224b30 ( TTr. 550 ). ni rabi cumsanad forsin chathugud sin ... the fighting did not cease LL 242a3 ( TTr. 1873 ). conach bui nach tairisimh f.¤ a n-urcoraib occo, CCath. 5660 . ro tṡeindestar C. a timpan ┐ tuc nuallorgan sidhe fuirri, Acall. 4620 . ro dercsat na moli ... for fogluasacht, ┐ ni facadar seoladh no iomramh fortó they saw the ... masses in movement yet they did not see them being sailed or rowed CCath. 2655 . Of names: nipa far n-ainmsi bias forib, Wb. 4d2 . da n-ainm fuirri, ZCP viii 106 § 5 . roboí ... oc iarraid a anma do bith forsin cnuc, LU 3150 . combad de sin nobeth Almu furri 3145 . Mane f.¤ cach fir díb ┐ forainm f.¤ cach Mani, 6847 . a ainm do bith forsin luing ┐ f.¤ a fairind, LL 219a30 ( TTr. 158 ). atá Dún tri liacc d'ainm fair, Acall. 1178 . See also s.v. for-tá.

(c) Of point of time; coincidence of occurrence: fēli ... do curither for dardain no mairt, Rule of Céli D. 9 ( LB 9b ). do toscelad aiss aesci far caisc `to ascertain the moon's age on Easter' Thes. ii 39.24 ; 27 . cid lae sechtmaine fora mbí Kl. Ian., Thes. ii 41.17 . calainn Enair for dardaín, ZCP viii 111.6 . Ann. Conn. 1226 , etc. Kl. enair for Domnuch ┐ xuiii furri New Year's day on a Sunday and the 18th of the moon on it [lit. her, calann, f.] Ann. Inisf. 43c (1206) = ALC i 234 . in la forsmbi bisex, Fél. 78.11 . ind naob asa feil bís for ind láo, Mon. Tall. § 8 (= sa feil do biodh ar an la sin, Rule of Tallaght 42 ). for cach ló every day CCath. 358 .

(d) on (of that by which something is evident, known, recognized, etc.): rēil f.¤ a mbrēthir ōn a n-andach imme ro[r]daisset `is clear from their word' Ml. 90d16 . is reil fornn ... condrancamar fria morolcc, SR 1347 . follus f.¤ th'erlabra fén do pheccad, PH 5169 . ni ro airigsium fort ... .i. f.¤ do gnímrad ... ailcius dula dochúm nime ocut, 8213 . is follus f.¤ suidhichthibh na Roma conad docra ... congbail in cadusa ina fogbail in ratha, CCath. 803 . Cf. ba follus a n-anádh [sic leg.] fein f.¤ na Romanchaib the ill-luck of the Romans was manifest 810 (cf. e). Cf. ba mor in galur di, dael oca diul ... ni fitir nech sin furri, Fél. 44.1 (possibly = she showed no sign of it, though also it might = no one knew she was so afflicted). Cf. also: ni fitir nech dib f.¤ araile a n-imchossait do B., LU 8251 . Cf. (m) last cit., and see 1 ráthaigid.

(e) With words expressing quality, talent, success, etc. indicating the possessor of these: is foraib bíaid búaid in tslóig, LU 4631 (`it is to their credit the victory of the hosts will be' Faraday, Cattleraid of C.). ní fair bías a nós nách a allud nach a irdarcus acht is fortso, LU 6376 (cf. is oraibsi bias a nós ┐ a allud ┐ a urdarcus, Acall. 3575 Fr; R). itát tri búada formsa .i. búaid roisc, etc. I have three talents, i.e. the talent of sight, etc. LU 4791 . rath fortsu ... ina lōg sin, 3114 . bátár teóra búada aradnachta forin n-araid in lá sin, 6407 (cf. buaid lamaig ort!, Acall. 4809 ). ba ferr leo a mudhughudh innas a somain f.¤ a naimdib `they preferred to destroy them than to benefit their enemies there with' CCath. 2484 . Cf. ni fil do chonāch formsa in fer sin im fiednaisi, 3576 (testem hunc fortuna negavit Luc. Phars. vi 159 ).

(f) over (of rule, sway; superior might): a cumacte f.¤ a mogaib, Wb. 27c16 . mu chumachtae forna doini, Ml. 56b2 . bit flathi f.¤ cāch, 85b2 . a cumachta f.¤ dúlib, LL 218b6 ( TTr. 106 ). doratsat rīgi ... | do Dauid ... | f.¤ túathaib, SR 6620 . i n-aimsir Cinaeda ... f.¤ Albain, 2350 . Temair ... cen rechtgi ríg furri, LU 3440 . mairg forsa mbía do thigernu demon, 2225 . ro gab tra nert Saxan f.¤ Bretnu ... ┐ rogab O. rige forru, 277 . bui rí amra f.¤ Érinn, BDD 1 . bai rí f.¤ Ultaib, YBL 114b6 . co raghbhaitis oénrig forru, TTr.² 1339 . (cf. rí ar gach tír, Maund. 243 . Eogan mac M. ... ar tsil nA., 6 . Magidoin ... is uirri sin da bí Alaxander na ríg 21 ). tussu ... do giallud forni, LU 1674 . ropada[t] trēn f.¤ ōcaib, 6720 . ni fríth fornert nacha fini foraib cosindiu `never until to-day did any tribe oppress you' TTr. 1645 ( LL 239a13 ).

(g) upon, in addition to (see do-formaig): fair anuas in addition to it Cáin Ad. 25 . cach ae f.¤ alaill (gl. cumularentur) Ml. 96b4 . cumal f.¤ a secht eight cumals Laws iv 330.8 ( Críth G. 464 ). óen f.¤ trí secht twenty-two Metr. Dinds. iii 98 . sé scripuil f.¤ unga an ounce and six scruples Cáin Ad. 44 . mis f.¤ bliadain a year and a month ACL iii 3.9 . ro marbhadh fer f.¤ a deich diobh, BNnÉ 107 § 25 . fer f.¤ leth Connacht `more than half the C.' Cóir Anm. 251 (cf. treab ar leth Alpan, IT ii2 123.32 . duine ar leith fer nErenn, SG 20.36 ). tercda arro tuilled da forsin focul cert where `da' has been added to the right word LU 462 ( ACC 2 Comm. ). dobeir Dia traig cacha bliadna f.¤ a lethet adds a foot to its width LU 1843 . ind forcraid fil f.¤ aicniud what exceeds nature 2559 . a nduesta día aīs som co ndigsed f.¤ áes a maicc, Trip.² 1268 . Cf. da beind f.¤ tri fichtib rend, LU 1271 (`Two antlers with three score points' Imr. Brain ii 297 ).

forib nó sech na huili predicta (gl. super omnia autem haec) Colloss. iii 14 ) Wb. 27b20 .

From this use arises the sense in succession to, after , the development is plain in the earlier exx. quoted below: du fuairthed ní leu f.¤ a sāith din main = some of the manna used to remain over when they had had their fill Ml. 97d10 . a canar ... for sen `what is chanted ... thereafter' Thes. ii 253.14 (Stowe Miss.). loim f.¤ sāith, LU 3610 ( SCC 30 ). cleirech ... lasmbí ní f.¤ a leortu who has more than suffices him Ériu vii 156 § 10 . doformagar a dligid ... forsanní doruirmisem over and above what we have enumerated Ériu i 220 § 15 . in biat forsa canar immon Muiri `the Beati after which the Hymn to Mary is sung' Mon. Tall. § 30 (corresp. to: don bhiaid le n-abradh I.M., Rule of Tallaght 90 ). ind bi[a]t forsa ndene ind crosfigild `the Beati after which he performs the cross-vigil' ib. (corresp. to: le ndeunamh an chr., Rule of Tallaght 90 ). canair magnificat furri ib. (= Cantar M. uirre, Rule of Tallaght 90 ). cétbliada[i]n f.¤ bisex ... bliada[i]n tanaiste f.¤ bisex the first year following leap-year ... the second year ... RC xviii 296 - 300 . cf. it bliadni fuir bissext, Thes. ii 39.22 (cf. Ann. Inisf. 1101 ). ind ráithe dothét foir .i. samrad ZCP viii 175z . forsind ochtmugait bliadnae són `over the eighty years' (gl. supra uotum uiuendi) Ml. 111b22 .

In the follg. exx. we have a slightly different development of meaning; in addition to, along with: oc ool usci ... do dig forsna glasluibib, SR 1894 = ... fér in talman do chaithem ... ┐ usce do dhig fair, LB 113a26 (cf. superbibere). Cf. further: o duillib in crainn sin d'ól ar uisque , Maund. 160 .

(h)

(1) on, i.e., affecting, afflicting (of emotions, physical or mental states or conditions, joy, sorrow, fear, anxiety, sickness, pain, hunger, etc.; see also under words expressive of these): comadas lobre et immomon forsin mug, Wb. 8b1 . ni bi nach dethiden foir, 10b9 . ata dethiden fuiri cene, 3d34 . sním fora menmain, Ml. 89b7 . is e for snimsa fil formsa `it is care for you that I feel' CCath. 5148 . dond imniud roboí forsin popul, Ml. 103b9 . ni baí imneth foraib, LU 5832 . nicon robae ni form acht failte, Ml. 104d2 . biith galar ... fortsu, Wb. 29a26 (cf. mina roibh cosachtach air, Rosa Angl. 288.10 ). cia rodbatar tirbithi aili fornn, Wb. 14d13 . boí toirrsi f.¤ a muime, Trip.² 156 (cf. ni do thabirt toirse fuiribsi anísiu, Wb. 14a14 ). atā ēcen mōr fornd, LU 1562 . in machdad ... roboí forsnaib doirsib, Ml. 46a19 . in cóe ... boí f.¤ sluagaib I., SR 5806 . intí forsa mbeith ítu mór, Mon. Tall. § 48 (= damadh mor an ita do bhiadh ar neach, Rule of Tallaght § 98 ). bo geis don filidh anfis do beith fair, ACL iii 4.20 . Cf. i n-ítaid, i ngalur, etc. LU 2350 - 51 . cen ainbthini foraib (gl. fluctus ... in stationes suas rediunt) Ml. 121a5 .

With adjectives: arnap trom fuirib for n-oínur Wb. 14d17 . trummu foraib som imram ... quam techt ..., Ml. 126a4 . ní réid fort you do not find it easy LU 4789 (cf. ro étrummaigset doíri forna cenela, Ml. 113c8 ). ni ba mór forumsa sain, LL 234a34 ( TTr. 1278 = BB 426b42 ). ni mó formsa ... cid fiala a flaithe, ACL iii 296.38 . See also s.v. bec (beg). Some exx. with 1 esbaid, esbud may be mentioned here although in O.Ir. it takes 1 ar of person deprived : na raib form esbaid, SR 1584 . cen essbaid nacha maithiusa foraib, LU 2042 ( FA 12 ).

(2) of purpose, attention: scríbend menmman .i. robboí f.¤ a inndṡliucht som `it had been in his mind' Sg. 178b4 . in sét atá form aire on which I am intent Ériu vi 115 . Cf. nicon fil f.¤ menmain damsa sin, Ériu viii 156.22 .

(i) governing object of blessing, cursing, punishing, etc.: mallacht ... for a n-apaid, LU 2436 . mallacht fort beolu, LL 272b2 . dígal ... forru, Wb. 1d3 . conicc dígail forib, 6a17 . ni dechudsa cucuib ... do aidbiur foirib, Wb. 14c40 . bendacht Dé f.¤ Díchuin, Trip.² 387 . bendecht f.¤ Firu Cúle, 2157 . bennacht dé ┐ ande fort, LU 6852 . bai a mbennacht f.¤ Iosiaph, SR 3552 . ní ó gothaib ... dogénat ... in molad sa f.¤ Dia, LU 2676 .

(j)

(1) existing on, by means of (a food, diet): ros altatar f.¤ carnaib mac ṁbec reared her on Rawl. 132a5 ( Expuls. 8 ). adbert nad ebalta lee hē f.¤ lacht, BB 497a17 (= Dinds. 142 ). teora bliadnai f.¤ usciu ┐ bargin, Ériu vii 140.5 . secht mís ... f.¤ usce ┐ bargin, RC xv 489z ( ar usci ┐ b., 491.1 ). rosáeth linni do bithsiu f.¤ uisciu, LU 6051 . Cf. xl dies f.¤ doborfiit forty days on water-diet Thes. ii 38.29 (see PIT, and Thes., p. 67 ). roboi si f.¤ suidiu co cend mbliadna she was on that ration for a year Mon. Tall. § 60 . dā cēd bliadhain doib f.¤ iascc, f.¤ enlaith, Leb. Gab.(i) i 30 . conid furri [ = forsin chloich] buí sásad dó etir biadh ┐ digh (of a stone placed in his cheek), Cáin Ad. 12 . Cf. coro rosind mo ṡáith f.¤ t'acaldaimsiu, Mon. Tall. § 25 (= mo shaith cainnte d'fhaghail riotsa, Rule of Tallaght § 81 ).

(2) a similar use is relying on, depending on; sometimes = content with (some of the citations however seem to approach the meaning under k): do berar mac an righ ... f.¤ aoncois ┐ aonlaim ┐ aonshuil (i.e. having the use of these only, cf. the corresp. passage: Rex ... habebat filium qui erat c[a]ecus, claudus et surdus V. SS. Hib. ii 146 ) BNnÉ 185.14 . Cf. .ccc. fear f.¤ aencossaib ┐ f.¤ aenlamaib ┐ aensuilib, BB 372a45 ( Dinds. 41 ). See also I (c), end. cethri coicid E. form laim ┐ form gail ┐ form gaisced do aurscartad di Maig M. `on my hand and my valour and my weapons it rests to sweep the four-fifths of E. from M. M.' RC iii 179 ( LL 121a12 ). Ni horum ata, acht forma tuismidhtoraib (= it is not for me to decide), Stair Erc. 932 . mád día loga bemitni f.¤ a breith mani loga ... ni bemni forsind recht sin if he forgives we will abide by his judgment ... if he does not forgive we will not abide by that law LU 9753 . foemuis ... oirisium f.¤ dliged a sen, Marco P. 25 . on tsaeibhdliged fora taithe, 24 . bid inund comairle f.¤ a mbiat, LU 2639 . ni bar óenscéol atát na druid the druids do not agree LL 265a39 ( MU² 452 ), a airm f.¤ congbail ina laim grasped in his hand CCath. 3546 . conimragba f.¤ greis. ┐ dītin ... dom imdegail ar demnaib, YBL 327a16 ( Ir. Lit. 34 ), see 1 greis(s). See also commairge, fáes(s)am, etc. Here probably: bid maith a ana f.¤ cethru his wealth in cattle ZCP x 225 § 2 . dogegaind | anad sunn f.¤ bicc ḟeraind, Trip.², 1273 (= content with ?). Cf. also Corm. Y 211 cited supra, col. 192.3. appraind ná bása f.¤ mo nirt would I had been in my strength ! LU 6370 . Cf. in tan roboí Mac C. f.¤ a áltaib isind ármaig when Mac C. lay wounded on the field LU 7964 ( BDD 162 ). Cf. far diall tanaisiu of the second declension. Sg. 106b20 . is fuire side daroine O. in Félire in this (metre) O. composed the F. Fél. 4 .

The uses illustrated, respectively, in the two sections following are not always easy to distinguish. The principal difference is that (k) usually expresses passivity rather than activity. Some of the exx. there might possibly be assigned to (j), while in (l) action, purpose is implied. For later exx. see 1 AR, where the absence of lenition in these uses betrays the original prep.

(k) With abstr. or vn. , also with adj. in (a state, condition) : amal mbīs rothmol ... f.¤ bithimpud, SR 200 . f.¤ tuili doib they were in flood 2523 . sruth ... f.¤ teibirsin, Marco P. 5 . sornd tentide f.¤ lassad blazing LU 2101 . ina lócharnaib f.¤ lassad, 2055 (but : secht míle ... oc lassad 2057 ). aithinni f.¤ derglassad, CCath. 903 . co togrennitis ... inna heonu f.¤ luamain, LU 5159 . co mbui f.¤ foluamain imma chend, LL 225aw ( TTr. 600 ). batar na Desi f.¤ fainnel as cach inud na chéli, LU 4433 . f.¤ fainiul a lluc i lluc, 249 . foendul ┐ sechrán, PH 1909 . co rabatar lestra ... in tige f.¤ snám, Trip.² 114 . co rabhadur na botha ... f.¤ snam `floating' CCath. 2347 . o ro linad ind arc ... robaí in digal f.¤ imluad SR 2510 . a mbatár ... f.¤ imluad forsna tonnaib, LU 1864 . Rí ... ro horddaig in nUan iarsin tsleib f.¤ a imluad, SR 594 ( Rev. xiv 1 ). Cf. na bi f.¤ snim th'aislinge, SR 3282 (= na tab- hi snim, LB 115b46 ; nacatabrad imsnim, BB 238a24 ). f. Cf. f.¤ othrus, f.¤ folach, BCrólige 26 ff . f.¤ longais in exile Ml. 93d3 . cia bemni f.¤ longais, LU 4861 (= f.¤ loinges riam TBC-I¹ 371 ). cach oen fil f.¤ loinges ┐ teched, PH 460 . Cf. ba hé a lín f.¤ a longais, SR 6276 . boí f.¤ merogod, LU 1642 . rabaí f.¤ merfaill ┐ merugud ic iarraid a aite, LL 220a41 ( TTr. 233 ). bith deitsiu f.¤ merogod tige oiged, LU 6757 ( BDD 27 ). f.¤ aig thaig, SR 3477 . forsin reim sin, LL 232b ( TTr. 1239 ). f.¤ comrorcain in error PH 6602 . f.¤ fírinne in the right 2671 . is fír forstā Lucifur, SR 1839 (j ?). anmanda ... bis f.¤ cennsacht ┐ pettacht `tamed and petted' CCath. 2453 . conacca dá ech f.¤ sgur unharnessed ZCP viii 106.23 . roboí F. f.¤ altram la hAni, LL 165az (= Dinds. 142 ). boí leis f.¤ cui LU 10941 (see cáe, fecht). dind riuth forsa taith, Wb. 20b6 .

connfaca na tri leogain ... f.¤ dasacht ina ndocum, Stair Erc. 389 . sccuiridh don dasacht fora taithi the madness which possesses you BNnÉ 7 § 23 .

Cf. dā fercoin ... fur an dath cētna of the same color ZCP vi 29.18 (rosg ar dath gloine guirme, GF. DDána 234 . ar chruth ┐ ar dheilbh Dé, TSh. 1329 ). With adj. f.¤ cloen inclined Thes. ii 254.19 . ni bia lamnad f.¤ cōir normal delivery ZCP viii 111.25 .

After verb of motion : docoid O. ... dochum Poil f.¤ longis `had gone to Paul into exile' Wb. 31d19 . di[a] luid D. f.¤ longais, Ml. 55c1 . tiagat f.¤ teiched, 54b12 . ar foít f.¤ techtairechta, Wb. 15a15 . téit f.¤ teched, LU 4917 ( tíagait ar teched, 4965 , both in hand of M). tigc ceo ann ... ┐ do luid an ri f.¤ merugud, BColm. 70.28 . ria ndula doib f.¤ a fecht, SR 3505 (see fecht). In : téit ina ndíaid ... f.¤ echlascad, LU 6786 ( BDD 32 ) the meaning is almost `by dint of' (cf. j). Cf. tainic ina dhochum ... f.¤ a tuitmennaigh `came ... stumbling' CCath. 2199 . ni far maid rosnuicc `it has not brought them to good' Wb. 5b3 . ní thaudchaid a brú f.¤ cóir LU 6078 . ní téighedh béim ... f.¤ dimaín `no blow was delivered in vain' CCath. 2012 .

See 1 téit, do-tét.

(l) At, engaged in (an occupation or task) : cach la sel dún f.¤ imrádud Dé, in sel aile f.¤ precept, Wb. 15d9 . f.¤ foigdi 25b11 . basa f.¤ a imcabail I was avoiding him LU 1244 . ma beith nech f.¤ a iarair if any one be inquiring about it Rawl. 70a44 . cia f.¤ a tai iarair ? whom art thou seeking ? SR 3096 ( co ndechos f.¤ iarair Etaine, LU 10644 ). frisin coais f.¤a robae som, Ml. 64a12 . ... inna ndrochgnímae f.¤sa robae, Tur. 60 . buid f.¤ tectairecht hó Isu, Wb. 13b5 .

This construction is widely extended : mí dhóibh forsin fleighsin they spent a month at that feast Marco P. 88 . go rabhattar f.¤ a bproind at their meal BNnÉ 9.10 (cf. similar use of Engl. `over'). airet batar ... f.¤ a trealmaibh diubraicti `so long as the hosts were discharging their missiles' CCath. 5662 . a mbatar ... f.¤ a mbriathraib `as they were speaking' Ériu xii 182 § 14 (= LU 10895 ). ro uhatar tra for [sna] himdigluib sin cēn romarsat `they kept up these mutual retaliations' ACL iii 2.15 .

(m) To express the dativus incommodi, the person adversely affected by the action, = in despite of, to the detriment of. (Cf. the apparently similar use of AR in : ducer airi airitech ind ríg `he let fall the king's drinking cup' Lism. L. p. 324 = Irish Texts i 10 § 32 ). cf. atbath airund, LU 593 ( ACC 14 ): fó'n missi ro briss recht ... | foirb ? or was it I that broke the law to your hurt ? SR 5533 . arna bristé fír fer f.¤ Coin C., LU 6259 . conbocht fír fer fairseom, 6239 . gabais B. ... in n-insi sea forsna cenela robátar inti, LU 1343 . atraigsetar ... L. do gabail in tiri sin forro di cach leith, LU 4390 (see gaibid). dobersa ferand duib ... la Osraige ... ┐ is cet duibsiu a forsingud foraib, 4439 . iar togail Duin S. furri, 5823 . congair ... immá tech dia gabáil f.¤ Ulto, 1506 ( MU² 1003 ). Tancatar a námait ... do gabáil tige fair, RC xiii 86 ( LL 304a17 ). luidh A. ... do irghabhail a chathrach fair, Marco P. 7 . do choll etha na hindsi sea fair to injure him by blighting the corn Dinds. 18 ( BB 360a15 ). tarraidh Hectoir baegul f.¤ Achíl, LL 244a16 ( TTr. 2029 ; see báegul). co tairsedh cach dib a mídúthracht ... f.¤ araili, CCath. 255 (see tárrachtain).

In some instances it is difficult to distinguish this use from the local meaning (I c), e.g. ro línad fair in sliab di énlaithib = graues aues fuerunt erga illum Trip.² 1300 .

Cf. also: ní tae dám i tech fort, BDD 16 . is aurgart ... corr colpdai do brisiud fair hi tig, Ériu vi 136.85 is taken in this sense by the editor (fair `in his despite' 141n .), but cf. I (e) end. In : ro foilghiusa sin ... ┐ ní fitir nech form cusaniu, RC xxvi 366 (= ní fitir nech in folach sin cusandiu LB 260a20 ) this sense seems implicit, though at first sight the ex. might seem to belong to (d).

Cf. use with 1 do-fich (togal), do-gní, fellaid (fell).

(n) expressing obligation, constraint, compulsion (see 1 fíach; do-beir) : nech forsa tabar a denum `one who is compelled to do it' Ml. 54a2 . folach f.¤ fer nad fuic `where a man who injures not has to maintain' BCrólige § 15 . aithgin fuirre i mbās in case of death she is liable for restitution Laws v 146.6 Comm.

(o) expressing worth, value (late and rare.Cf. IV a) : dá cét punt f.¤ cach n-eoch, Marco P. 9 .

(p) for phrases such as : f.¤ aird, f.¤ cel, f.¤ cúl (cúlu) f.¤ enech (inchaib), f.¤ fáesam (comairce), f.¤ son, etc., see these nouns.

(q) after adj. gov. obj. of emotion, faculty (rare) : ni pu f.¤ seotu santach, Hy v 7 ( Thes. ii 328 ). nirbat santach forsin bith | nach f.¤ innem cloen, LB 261a8 (= imman mbith, YBL 407a17 ). isam eolach sa f.¤ a muintir, Aisl. Tond. 113.2 .

III With a number of verbs in regular syntactical construction or in special expressions. It indicates the indirect (in some cases the direct) object (pers. or thing) after verbs of asking, entreating, seeking; tempting; discussing, meditating; fighting, attacking, routing, defeating, overthrowing; blessing, cursing, censuring; suing; enjoining, commanding; estimating, judging, punishing; giving, bestowing; binding, pledging; putting, placing, throwing, etc., etc. For exx. of use see especially : ad-cobra, ad-cota, ad-eirrig, ad-fét (as-indet), ad-slig, ad-suidi, aithnid (ad-noí), beirid, bris(s)id, 1 ceisid, con-dïeig, dáilid, 2 do-alla, do-beir, 1 do-cain (díchetal), do-cuirethar, do-éccai (1 dercaid, fégaid), 1 do-ella, 1 do-fich (dígal), do-gní, do-icc, do-indnaig, do-léci, do-scé(u)lai, do-sluindi (diúltad), do-soí, do-tét, do-tuit, dúnaid, feccaid, feraid (ferthain), foaid, fo-ceird, fo-coisle(a), fo-dáli, fo-luigi (see II above), for-congair, fo-ruimi, fothraicid, fúabair, fóbair, gaibid, guidid, íadaid, íarmi-foich (íarar, íarair), imm-beir, léicid, liïd, lingid (léimm), maidid, midithir (1 mes(s)), moídid, nascid (ar-naisc, fo-naisc), 2 nertaid, roínid (sroínid), saidid, 1 saigid, soïd, sreid, 1 téit, 1 tráchtaid.

Cf. IV below.

IV In Mid. Ir. MSS. sometimes misused for O.Ir. AR, especially in verbal constructions (see III) :

(a) on account of, because of, for the sake of: foracsabairsi foromsa cach maith, LU 2397 (H). císsi lóg conattaig f.¤ a eladain, LL 219a27 ( TTr. 156 ). tabuirsiu f.¤ do soīre give [it] for the sake of thy freedom Anecd. iii 30 = ar do sh., Lism. L. 190 . ni accatarsom cinnas boí ... a huachtur túas f.¤ a hairde, LU 1927 . ni f.¤ crabud léce do miltnidecht uait, acht ar omun in catha, LB 59b62 ( RC ii 388 ). in fath forar crochad Isu, PH 2877 . Cf. na huile noebnoidenu ro damatar marttra forut [ = erut] YBL 327a2 ( Ir. Lit. 34 ). combad f.¤ Martain dogneth Dia in mírbuil for M.'s sake LB 60a4 ( RC ii 388 ). dia n[d]erntasu formsa if you would do as I tell you TBC-LL¹ 1802 . ni dearnnsad fair they did not obey him Dinds. 79 (= BB 390a39 ). ni dernai E. ḟurri anisein, LL 222a6 ( TTr. 351 ). dorónadh fairsium sin, CCath. 2896 . See do-gní. ro oentuigset in ní sin f.¤ Chaillin according to C.'s advice Fen. 178.7 . ic attach in Choimded ... f.¤ animmib na ndoine on behalf of PH 6393 . ro guid M. in Coimdid forru, LB 61a5 ( RC ii 398y ).

(b) Freq. with indirect obj. of verbs of concealing, delivering, rescuing (e.g. ceilid, do-essuirg, fo-luigi, saeraid, q.v.). In : gan nert cobharta forra fein incapable of helping themselves BNnÉ 5 § 11 , FOR replaces FRI, or direct acc. (= gen. after vn.). (But cf. use of f.¤ with fortacht, and AR with the late formation foirid, fóirid) : cid ara n-anci in laech ḟorrum, LL 284a13 ( TTr. 1261 ).

(c) in some phrases : f.¤ bélaib (= ar b.) SR 4568 . f.¤ a n-inchaib, CCath. 2407.3633 . f.¤ cend, LU 5954 , 5958 (H). f.¤ cind, 5890 (H). f.¤ tús, LB 61a5 ( RC ii 396x ). FA 3 LB (= ar thús, LU 1967 ). Cf. f.¤ dus (v.l. f.¤ tus), CCath. 303 . See also under these nouns.

V ? Adverbial use of 3 s. neut.: na for aircella echdrund n-aircend 'nor in addition does it take away the definite property of another' Peritia iii 446 (Text II) .

gilla

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gilla or dil.ie/25843
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: gilld, gille, gille

n n s. gilld, Corm. Y 676 , 1059 ( p. 93.11 ) ; also gille, IGT Decl. exx. 1136 , 1405 , 2130 ; cf. gilli (: fīrindi), ACL iii 246.7 ; gille (: imme), MacCongl. 69.30 . n p. gailli (subscript a), gaille, ZCP xxvii 43 (B) . io, m. A word of pre-Norse origin, prob. from Latin. See Pokorny, ZCP xii 298 ff. ; Marstrander, ib. 309 ff.

(a) a youth of an age to bear arms ; one who has arrived at the third of the six ages of man (for which see gillacht) : Dauid in gille dáne, Hy. i 12 . gilla oac amulach, LU 3825 ( SCC § 37.14 ). TBC-LL¹ 265 . do gilli no óclig, Mon. Tall. § 41 . v s. cucainn cetna thanacais do chétgasciud, a gillai, IT i 103.9 . a gilli, LU 3535 ( SCC § 29 ). a ghille ... doní uaill as do ghile, A. Ó Dálaigh xliii 2. As a contemptuous mode of address : creud as creidemh dhuitsi, a ghiollaidh thall, Luc. Fid. 182 . pl. a ṅgillai óca, CRR § 34 . gilde ┐ ócláoich, Mon. Tall. § 48 . a gillu Connacht, IT i 106.21 (LL). chethirn ṅ-gilla, TBC-LL¹ 5762 . gialladh do ghillaibh óga giving youths as hostages, AU ii 540.17 . tri chet do gillib occa, TTebe 1468 . tuc Ráp ... aeghaidhecht do ghilladaib Israel (of the spies), ZCP ii 52.9 ( Maund. § 90 ). atconnarc gillu glána, LU 3767 ( SCC § 34 ).

(b) Sometimes (with or without `bec') used as the equivalent of `mac,' a male child, a boy : in gilla bec mo dalta sa, TBC-LL¹ 842 , gilla, TBC-I¹ 514 = mac bec, TBC-LL¹ 1015 . Cf. also TBC-I¹ 508 , 537 with TBC-LL¹ 989 , 1046 respectively. ba gilla bec, LL 226b28 ( TTr. 700 ). PH 1366.

(c) Used of a pupil : gilldæ .i. is fri gil is cosmail. ... issē dono bēssad in gilla tosugud (do ṡugud, LB) forcetail do t[h]engaid a fithidire, Corm. Y 676.

(d) a servant, a gilly, a messenger : gilla a cillus, graece manus unius, ar is lām do cach áon a gilla, Corm. Y 702 . Cf. O'Mulc. 654 . a gilla laiss .i. ēcsīne ēiside co menmuin fithidire lais, Corm. Y 825 . ro chuir in gilla na eocho hi fergort, LU 8514 ( FB § 36 ). TBC-LL¹ 3295 . TBC-I¹ 2468 . ro-fhóid tra Iacop a gilla, PH 2193 . C. giolla gradha do Brian `confidential officer,' Cog. 102.19 . gilla Crist (gl. Christianus), Ir. Gl. 523 . gilla ... nó timtirid, Mon. Tall. § 37 . pl. ferr lais feis la gillib to sleep with his servants, Laws v 292.22 . daescurṡluag ┐ gillida fedma `drudges,' Acall. 5627 . CRR § 28 . gilli na sluag `horse-boys,' Cog. 82.7 . giollaidhe an tsluaigh `camp-followers,' Keat. iii 3199 . daill iad ┐ giolladha dall = duces caecorum), Mac Aingil 401 . With a defining gen. of the work allotted or the service performed : g.¤ adhairce (gl. cornicen), Ir. Gl. 1018 . g.¤ con a kennel attendant, Laws v 72.29 . ZCP xiii 254.16 . g.¤ cupáin cup-bearers , 1 Kings x 5 . g.¤ na-n-each (gl. mango), Ir. Gl. 946 . Cf. Ériu iii 141.196 . BColm. 102.2 . IGT Decl. ex 2130 . g.¤ an eich, TD 22.17 . gille echraide grooms , RC xliii 26 § 25 . g.¤ na fi[d]chli chess-board attendant, Acall. 1344 . g.¤ na filed .i. g.¤ urraith .i. i cometecht caich bis a bailiu i mbailiu, Laws i 106.10 Comm. ; 'baggage-boy' UR 133 . g.¤ gái a spear-gilly , SG 66.1 . marbus g.¤ in gái .i. in callaire sergeant (?), 76.9 . g.¤ glomair horse-boy , Laws v 72.29 Comm. g.¤ an ghobanno the boy who feeds the smith's furnace : fuaradh ghiolla an ghabhann (prov. saying), TSh. 6206 . g.¤ scuir a stud-groom, a stableman , Acall. 778 . g.¤ tened one who attends to the fires, SG 354.33 . g.¤ turusa a messenger : cursúr .i. gilla turusa, PH 2601. Laws v 72.29 Comm. g.¤ urláir a household servant, Laws v 72.29 Comm. Cf. echlach urláir, Ériu ix 15.

(e) Commonly used from the close of the 10th cent. as the first element of masc. proper names, foll. by gen. of npr. (saint or other), see Marstrander, ZCP xii 313 . Gillacolaim, AU i 488.16 (an. 976) . G.¤ Patraic, 492.22 (an. 982) . G.¤ Ciarain, Caithr. CC § 53 . G.¤ na Trinódi hUa Dálaigh, RC xviii 270.1 . For further exx. see AU (Index) : AFM iii 2-3 n. and Heldensage (Index). Also (accompanied by a descriptive adj. or gen.) used as npr m. or sobriquet : G.¤ Bec, Rawl. 159a14 . G.¤ Luaithrindi, Lec. 57rb16 . In G.¤ Leithderg O Concobair, RC xviii 276.25 . See also Dubgilla, Crōngilla, Gormgilla, ZCP xiii 1 - 2 .

ímáig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ímáig or dil.ie/27276

Forms: híomháighe, ímhaighi, hiomhaighthi, iomáighe, íomháighthe, n-iomhaigheadh, imágib, ímáigh

n f. (< Lat. imāgo, Vendryes, De Hibernicis Vocabulis p. 146 ). g s. na híomháighe , TSh. 59. n p. ímhaighi, Marco P. § 74. na hiomhaighthi , Luc. Fid. 95.8 . a p. iomáighe, AFM v 1446.1 . g p. íomháighthe, Corp. Astron. 88.14 . na n-iomhaigheadh , Parrth. Anma 155.14 . d p. imágib, LB 154b60 . ímáigh f. IGT Decl. § 13. image, statue, representation: mura rabadur a ndee ... Apolín ┐ imaighe imdha ele, RC xix 156.15 . an ccluinid no an bhfaicid na hiomhaighthi no taisi na naomh ?, Luc. Fid. 95.8 . suidigud na hymhaighi do réir na deilbhi bís a menmuin an tshaeir, O'Gr. Cat. 233.26. do bái sí amhail gach n-iomhaigh quasi simulacrum , BNnÉ 218.9 . 'na lucht déanta íomháighthe sculptors , Corp. Astron. 88.14 . ni dhéantaoí dhaoibh féin íodhuil ar bith, nó íomháigh ghrábhálta, Levit. xxvi 1. dorinnadh fair beos do breachtrad gacha datha ímhaighi na cath ┐ na congal doratad isna hiltiribh, Marco P. § 74. ina fhanntassib bána ┐ ina n-ímágib lacc-shuilecha ardmailgecha bélbuide (of starving people) faces, LB 154b60 .

Abstr. likeness, reflection, form: an tan fhéuchas duine a sgathan, ... geinter iomhaigh uaidh san sgathan, Parrth. Anma 62.2 . do-chonnairc ... íomháigh éagsamhail i n-aisling, TSh. 53. do bríg gurab é iomáig glóire Dé é, Cor. xi 7. do réir iomháighe an tí do chruthaigh é, Colossians iii 10. a himaidh ┐ cruth mar ata si innte fein da smuaintiugad `shape and form,' Ir. Astr. Tr. tr. 76.26 . See also ímáigin, ímáigen.

imm-cuirethar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imm-cuirethar or dil.ie/27801

Forms: imcharaid, immechuretar, imchuirther, immacuired, imchuirthe, immacurtis, noimcuirfedh, imchorastar, imrolaim-se, 'mmosralat, immosrala, 'moralta, imaralait, imchor

v (Mid. Ir. imchraid, imcharaid). indic. pres. pl. 3 rel. immechuretar, Wb. 5a5 . pass. s. imchuirther, ZCP x 10 n. 12 . imperf. s. 3 rel. immacuired, Mon. Tall. 159.17 . pass. imchuirthe, IT i 130.22 . pl. 3 immacurtis, Fél. Ap. 27. sec. fut. s. 3 noimcuirfedh, D IV 2, 73ra7 . pret. s. 3 imchorastar, Fianaig. 36.3 .

With stem -la: indic. pres. s. 1 imrolaim-se, LU 8961 (FB). subj. pres. pl. 3 'mmosralat, LU 9091 (FB). pret. s. 3 immosrala, Anecd. i 71.z . pass. pl. 'moralta, Alex. 802. imaralait, 1013 . Vn. imchor.

(a) carries around, carries, brings, conveys: innaní prechite pacem et immechuretar cori ho rígaib `who carry peace from kings,' Wb. 5a5 . iodne ind caich immacuired a toratt `the purity of each man who brought the produce,' Mon. Tall. 159.17 . imma-curtis aingil `angels used to carry him,' Fél. Ap. 27. imchuirthe in gríanán sin lasin Mac Oc cach leth no théged, IT i 130.22 . o roimraised co ciana ... immosrala os moing mara tond dian, Anecd. i 71.z . immusrala muir aimsera co tāncatar Éirind, ZCP viii 312.14 . imchuirther go a dúnárus féin, ZCP x 10 n. 12 . uair roboi gan ech noimcuirfed é, D IV 2, 73ra7 . dorattsatt a cindu fo irsibh an charpait co ro imchuirsett é ... dia cathraigh, BNnÉ 326 § 44. ro cumdaighedh lxxx long leis ... cor' imcuiredh in slógh indtibh tairis siar, CCath. 160. cidh bé imcras a begc no a mōr de (of a talisman), Maund. § 55. iomchurthar an corp gus an adhnacal, TSh. 1250. ro imchradar an canabī uassan sacrament naomtha, Fl. Earls 188.26 .

(b) sends: imrulai ... Pilip na hiltuathai ... na nGrec hi tirib n-aineoil `Philip sent the many peoples of the Greeks into foreign lands,' Alex. 35. co moralta epistle etorru `so that letters were exchanged between them,' Alex. 802.

(c) bears, carries (of offspring): is me-si ro-t-imochur im bróind, PH 6627. cúimnig mar do immchur do máthair tú, 7389 . is bennaigti in brú do imchuir tú, Maund. § 40. ro imchrass go honórach ... fri ré náoi mīoss (of the Blessed Virgin), Fl. Earls 116.18 . breith otruidh go n-iomchorainn (: oghaim), Ó Bruad. ii 138.8 .

(d) Fig. endures, bears, tolerates, allows of: as urusa iomchruid lucht na haoisi arsaid (?) an tregeanus (translates senes facilime ieiunium ferunt), 23 K 42, 8.12 . an liaigh nach iomchrann na héagcruais (medicus qui non fert infirmitates), TSh. 8172. i ndíol ... gach anfhorlainn dá n-iomcharann ann, 9948 . mac rígh do iomchradh airmghliaid `that bore the brunt of weapon fight,' O'Gr. Cat. 501.1. iomchraid [na Cailbhinigh] comaoin do dheanamh san aran amhain, Luc. Fid. 255.10 . má tharcuisnighionn tú is tú féin amháin iomchoras é `thou alone shalt bear it,' Proverbs ix 12. an clú nár iomchuir Éire | iomchruidh féile chrú Chraoidhe `the hospitality of Craoidhe's blood bears a repute which all Ireland never bore,' TD 10 § 14. ro iomchuirsiot somh an tóir throm sin, AFM iv 1124.11 . With le: ma iomchruid [na Cailbhinigh] le Luitearanuibh ag adhradh Chriosd san tsacramaint, Luc. Fid. 253.12 . aifrionn ... an droch-shagairt le n-iomchrann an eagluis `the Mass ... of the bad priest which the church tolerates,' Eochairsg. 50.11 .

(e) carries on, supports, sustains: ón Tadhgsa, cóir; an barr iomchras an sunnradhsin `the enclitic supports that defining particle,' IGT Introd. 7.17 . Mac Amhlaoibh iomchras sgola, Content. xxix 10.

(f) With reflex. pron., comports oneself, behaves: cionnas iomchras tu thu féin a n-aimsir an aifrinn, Parrth. Anma 322.5 . drung iomchras iad féin go Criosdamhuil, Donlevy 438.x . gan sin d'iomchóramaois sinn féin amhuil beathuighe éigcéillighe, 414.20 .

(g) revolves (in the mind), meditates: imchorastar Ailill marbad Maic Con, Fianaig. 36.3 . conid de imrolaimse comraind curadmiri fris, LU 8961 (FB) (= conid de imrordaimse, 8914 ). imrola .i. imradh, ut est ni hara nad imrola .i. ní ro eirni ní do neoch coro imraidhe for do menmuin `thou shouldst not bestow what thou hast not considered,' O'Dav. 1136.

(h) carries away, bewilders: imus-rola in t-omon `fear bewildered them,' BDD² 251.

Used reflex. : atberad na maicclēirich immo-t-ralasu `the young clerics say thou art astray (?),' Ériu viii 156.23 . ? To this: mástat carait conná 'musnágat mastat námait co 'mmosralat, LU 9091 (FB).

(i) Folld. by do, happens to, befalls: immusrala trá in t-omon ... do Chonaire, BDD § 27. gommarálaid dóib ... d'imbualad, TBC-LL¹ 6163.

la

Cite this: eDIL s.v. la or dil.ie/29233
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: le, le, lé, lasin, lasa, laisin, lesin, lasna, laisna, leisna, lemm, lem, leim, limm, lim, lium, liúm, lat, latt, let, letha, leiss, leissem, leissom, less, lessom, lessem, les, lesom, lesem, laiss, laissem, lais, laisem, lais, laisseom, lasim, leis, leiside, lee, l, laee, lǽ, lea, léi-se, lenn, leinn, linn, línn, linni, linnai, liun, liunn, lenne, lib, leu, léu, leo, leö, liom, leam, leat, lat, leis, lais, leis, lé, linn, leinn, leann, libh, leibh, le, liu, lelele, li, lam, lam, láad, lat, lad, lea, lia, l, liar, lasmbi, lastorchair, la, leis

prep. with accus. See GOI § 845 , Fraser, ZCP viii 46 ff . Occasionally with d p. of 1 suide: la suidib, Sg., 4a9 , Wb. 6b17 . 8a12 . 9c2 . 17d11 (but a p. la suidiu, 8a11 . 9b17 ). In IGT listed among the nine unaccented particles which do not cause inflection of masculine nouns ( IGT Introd. § 75 ). See also Magauran 4227 n. For the form in immaille(i) ille(i) see GOI § 44 , § 841 .

FORMS. With follg. noun: le, Cambr. ( Thes. ii 247.22 ). la, O. Ir. glosses and SR pass., also in early Middle Irish MS. texts, and concurrently with le, lé in later ones (le (sic MS.), AU 1085 ). For exx. see citations below. Doubling of follg. m, n, occurs sporadically in the O. Ir. glosses: la mmaccu, Wb. 19c15 . Ml. 49a20 . la mméit, 95d13 . 91c19 . la mmarbu, Wb. 25b22 . la nnech, Ml. 42c13 ; cf. also la gglais, Ardm. 17a ( Thes. ii 238.12 ). In later MSS. h is prefixed to a following stressed vowel. In later lang. also leis before certain proclitics: leis gach fear, TD 9.101 . leis gach neach, DDána 100.1 .

With article: s. lasin, etc. lasin conair, Ml. 45c9 . lasin sruth, Dinds. 52. lasa (n.), LU 10652. laisin, ZCP viii 107.3 . lesin, TBC-LL¹ 2374 , PH 7339. In later lang. leis an ( Dán Dé xviii 10 ). pl. lasna, Sg. 28a18 . Hib. Min. 3.75 . LU 8202. laisna. Ériu iii 140.184 . leisna, BNnÉ 70 § 116 , ZCP v 495.z .

With suff. pron. 1. s. lemm, Wb. 1b10 . 2c27 . 4b17 . 7a3 . lem, 5b31 . 14d16 . leim, Sg. 209b30 . limm, Wb. 19b7 , 23a18 , 23 . 23b34 . 24a27 . Sg. 188a19 . SR 1595. 3353 . lim, Wb. 7d3 . 8a3 , 8c17 . 23a27 . Ml. 55a4 . SR 1201 , 3361 . lium, Wb. 18a1 . Ml. 45c7 . 46c18 . 87b17 . 96a10 . 105b7 . 117d4 . 127c13 . liúm, 106b6 . 2 s. lat pass. in O. Ir. glosses: Wb. 10a10 . 16b11 . 29d18 , etc. Ml. 65a2 . 73a10 , 111a5 , etc. Sg. 215b5 . SR 1757. 2443 . latt, Bvi 74. let, SR 1593. 3 s. m. and n. Archaic (m.) letha, ZCP xx 401.8 ( GOI § 433 ) leiss, Wb. 6b8 , 16 . 14a22 . Sg. 29b12 , 13 , 19 . 61a16 . 93b8 . leissem, Sg. 10a11 . 28a18 . BCr. 32a5 , 32b6 . leissom, Wb. 33a2 . less, Wb. 6b21 , 26a8 . Ml. 35d24 . 71c12 . 129a9 . lessom, Wb. 10a14 , 24a17 . Ml. 47d2 , 131c14 , 132c6 . lessem, Sg. 77b6 . les, Wb. 10a2 , 32c2 . Ml. 18b1 , 34c17 , 55c1 . lesom, Ml. 18c6 , 23b12 , 53a1 , etc. lesem, Ml. 50b10 . laiss, Wb. 24b27 . SR 5791. laissem, Sg. 149b4 . lais, Sg. 153b7 . laisem, 158b6 . lais, SR 639 , 1631 , 2185 , 2591 , 2799 , 4969 . laisseom, LU 1425. lasim, Mon. Tall. 138.15 . leis, Sg. 111a3 , 202a7 . SR 637 , 2791 , 4971 (: geis), 630 . leiside, LU 1418. 3 s. f. lee, Sg. 167a4 . LU 3882. l, Laws ii 372.5 . laee, Wb. 14a37 . lǽ, 24d11 . lea, SR 3016. léi-se (: éise), Dán Dé ii 24 . 1 pl. lenn, Wb. 4a27 . SR 1615. leinn, GOI § 433. linn, Wb. 13b9 , 18a16 , etc. Ml. 30a2 , 5 . Sg. 198a6 , 207b11 . línn, Wb. 25a27 . linni, 4c23 . Ml. 26b6 , 10 . 30c3 . Sg. 149b7 , 160b2 , 207b9 , etc. linnai, Ml. 92c5 , 120b2 . liun, Ml. 89d6 . liunn, 112b13 . lenne, LU 1387. 2 pl. lib, Wb. 5a13 , 5d33 , 7d3 , 26a9 , etc. Ml. 115b10 . 3 pl. leu, Wb. 1d15 , 5d20 , 26d22 , etc. Ml. 3a6 , 14 . 33c13 , 35c23 , 43d1 , 102c8 , 139c3 , etc. léu, Wb. 30c11 . leo, 7d10 . Sg. 148b9 . 147a10 , 203a4 , etc. leö (disyll.), Blathm. 102 § 41. Archaic(?) lethu, Thes. ii 241.4 , Hy. ii 17 (see notes). Otia ii 86.8 ( GOI 52.3 ). For classical verse the forms given in the tracts are: liom leam leat lat leis lais (m.) leis (n.) lé linn leinn leann (lionn `lochdach') libh leibh le, 24 P 8, 194 (see also 190 , 218 ) = Bard. Synt. Tr. 7 ; cf. lionn: cionn, O'R. Poems 308. liu, Luc. Fid. 3212 .

With aile: lelele, Wb. 16c24 . li alaile, GOI § 845.

With possessives. 1 s. lam menmuin , Wb. 3d13 . lam' rig, SR 336. 627 . 2 s. láad muindtir, Mon. Tall. § 6 . lat tarb, LL 7644 . lad gráin, BDD² 1500 . 3 s. and pl. lea, Thurn. Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 37 § 5 . lia muntir (3 s. m.), Thes. ii 249.9 . lía mathair, SR 2828 . lia n-athir, Ml. 127b2 . lea hanāil, LU 10599 . le a, Ériu ix 164 § 17. l, Content. ii 15 . le athair, DDána 65.31 . lá olc, LU 1390 . la náimtiu (3 pl.), LL 260b33 (Lg.). lea fuaire . . . lena thes, Maund. 136 . lena choin, Feis Tighe Chonáin 757. So also TSh. 1 pl. lar tir, Ériu iii 136.44 . liar, GOI § 845.

With rel. In O. Ir. las(a) n-: lassa ndenatar, Ml. 84a11 . lasa ndernad, Thes. ii 289.5 . lasa mbiat, Ml. 75b2 . lasmbi, 24a19 . lastorchair, ZCP viii 302.20 . lasra chētgabtha, 303.1 . Later forms: le ndingnad, PH 7526 . le ffaicfe, BNnÉ 74 § 133 . lea ttuitionn, Párl. na mB. 1207 . le gcurthaoi, Ériu i 101.7 . le a ndamnuighthear, Luc. Fid. 2989 . le ar chuireas, ML 110.4 . lé 'r-buail, PH 7653 . lé n-ar chuiris, Párl. na mB. 907 . Note also: leis a mbí, Bard. Synt. Tr. 4. lé n-a n-oiltior, Párl. na mB. 917 . With copula: O. Ir. la sin(n), Ml. 53c16 , 129b3 , 131d11 . Later: an fear lena holc ┐ lenab olc ┐ len holc . . . an fear le nach olc ┐ leis nach olc, Bard. Synt. Tr. 25 ( leis nach beag, DDána 37.4 ). learbh annsa, Feis Tighe Chonáin 762 . na fir len leis an fearann, Bard. Synt. Tr. 26. (cryptic) loiscia .i. liath (? = lia 'with his' etc.) Goid. § 163 (Dúil Laithne) , ZCP xlix-l 612 . losca (? MS. losco) .i. leo 'with them' Goid. § 181 , ZCP xlix-l 612 .

In a number of idioms used concurrently with FRI, which it to a large extent replaces in the modern language.

MEANINGS.

I Denoting spatial proximity

(a) beside, by, touching : dollécet a láma la tóeb fochetóir, LU 8212 ( FB 16 ). amal roboí . . . laa and la toíb ind locha, LL 14439 ( Ériu v 208 ). snidig banna la taeb na columa medonchi in cech aimser, PH 6356 . trí chéad each le gcurthaoi srian, Ériu i 101.7 ( co n-allaib óir friu, LL 13246 ). a uille do leicen leiss to rest his elbow upon it, Fl. Earls 216.26 . gur léig a leathcheann lé a leathbhrollach, PCT 557 ( Gadelica 127 ). dia mbúi fecht lasan muir amuich go bfacuidh an días Erionnach dia ḟios, Ériu iv 63.26 (here the pseudo-archaic `lasan' may be a scribal affectation). ar bhfaicsin déar le a gruaidh, DDána 69.11 . Cf. beith le remonstrating with: dob é rún Ríogh . . . , beith léise ar lot na habhla, DDána 5.25 . Cf. FRI I (b).

(b) along by (see also I (d) below): flesc for dib ṅgablaib lasin conair immetiagat do erissem dia lethlaim furi a railing along the way they go on which to rest a hand, Ml. 45c9 . a sescunn da cor la descert léni la fur conrici hucht noi nomne `from the Moor of two Hillocks by the south of the meadow, by Fur as far as the Nine-Trees Hill', Thes. ii 238 ( Ardm. 17a ). ótha crích drommo nit cu glais tamlachtae dublocha la gglais cu grenlaich fote `from the border of Druim Nit to the stream of T.D. by the stream to G.F.' ib. le hairer nÉrenn, BDD² 253.

(c) along with, in the same direction as; in motion with: luid leo fades, Thes. ii 240.18 ( Ardm. 18a ). luid espscop fith leo for longis, ib. do thuidecht lat illei, Wb. 30b17 . ar tuidecht leu do brith macc nIsrahel i ndoiri for coming with them to carry the children of Israel into captivity, Ml. 113c8 . in gilla do thecht . . . / le . . . istech talman, SR 3196 . is amlaid tánic A. ┐ a tri meic les, LU 17. do hindled a carput forsna heocha ┐ nusfaīdhe pātric cen duine leo cu feótur ina dísirt la Mochtae, ZCP viii 106.24 . tairsiu féin lat tarb, LL 7646 ( TBC-LL¹ 106 ). ní regat lend they shall not go with us, LU 4632 . ticfaitis fosta fer Fernmaige leiss, TBC-LL¹ 833 . tánic ┐ cóeca ingen lee connici in comdáil, LU 3882 ( SCC 39 ). tanic . . . co n-epscopu ┐ braithri imda lais, PH 1587 ; cf. a taidchrec co sommataid ┐ setaib leu, Ml. 123c10 . do ruacht fer . . . sin tech ┐ fer fo lind leis, LL 7672 ( TBC-LL¹ 135 ). dochóid F. lasin n-athesc sin F. went with that reply, LU 8099 . is é seo mo chétḟechtsa latsu bud é mo ḟecht dedenach, LL 8599 ( TBC-LL¹ 1207 ).

(d) following the course of, secundum (flumen): lotar lasin sruth gó a bunad, Dinds. 52 ( BB 377a41 ). o indill Laeg in gae Aife / lesin t-ṡruth, TBC-LL¹ 2373 . is ann luidhes lasin mBoind sair, ZCP i 464.24 . rosnaid Osine in snaschur ┐ focheird e la sruth na tiprat co hAth na Feile, Dinds. 52 = BB 377a38 . ba sed comarc boi eturra, tomlacht na mbo do lecun lasin sruth, cor'bo find in glaisi in a ndocum, Dinds. 53 ( BB 378a38 ) = ra doírt . . . blegon . . . lasin ṅglassi, LL 169b53 . (cf. Ériu ii 22 , Keat. ii 226 . lasin sruth is represented in the first by: iarsan abaind, in the second by: ris an sruth, see FRI II).

(e) with, in the company of: conrobith i n-indocbáil la Crist `so that ye be in glory with Christ', Wb. 26a28 . attrab la Dia `to dwell with God', Ml. 92a9 . ciatasode lat ar écin `though thou keep her with thee perforce', Wb. 10a10 . nepproinde la geinti `of not dining with Gentiles', 19a10 . bes nobed nech aile leis ocind airchellad, Sg. 202a7 . bíad ind nim láad muindtirsiu `they shall be in heaven along with thy monks', Mon. Tall. 6 = fa re do mhuinntire si, Rule of Tallaght 40 . dubbert Pátricc cumtach du Fíacc . . . ┐ fácab morfeser lais dia muintir, Thes. ii 241.17 ( Ardm. 18a ). ainfa lib `I will tarry with you', Wb. 14a8 . corran célide libsi, 7a17 . congab iar suidiu i nDomnuch Féicc et baí and contorchartar tri fichit fer dia muintir lais and `after this he set up in D.D., and abode there until three score men of his community had fallen there beside him', Thes. ii 242.2 ( Ardm. 18a ). conna hacced nech leo hí that no one might see her with them, LL 260b13 ( LMU 11 ). In sense of alone . dob annamh thusa leat féin thou wert seldom alone, KMMisc. 346.8 . (see further Éigse viii 101 ). focal leis féin a word in its own right, a self-contained word (distinguished from a mere prefix such as comh- deagh-, etc.), IGT Introd. § 100 . See Celtica i 390 . In special sense: ni legend rollegusa la Petor `it is not a reading which I have read with Peter', Wb. 19a6 (cf. V (e) below). mosaithin aicce í / do lēigenn lē entrusted her to her to study with her, ACL iii 308 vi 9 .

(f) with , of mental relations and abstract qualities or notions; in some exx. assistance is implied: ls leu dorignius chomgnimu studivi innocentibus coniungi, Ml. 47a20 . socii .i. fodaimet immalle lium ón ┐ con dogailsegetar lium immalle dano `who endure along with me, and who also are sorrowful along with me', Ml. 87b17 . dia feidliged ires foirbthe leu, 136d2 . frithbruduth ointad la fírianu `refusal of oneness with the righteous', 76c4 . contísed P. do thoorund a luic lais, Thes. ii 242.7 ( Ardm. 18b ). gorb'é bés bfer nErenn beith leisan tí budh treisi to side with him who was strongest, Expugn. Hib. 74 . do thabhairt a lla baige leou, Ann. Conn. 52.12 . níl aoinfer ar in sgelsa leis, Rel. Celt. ii 293.28 . guidhim sibhsi fa beith lium uma cend I pray you to aid me concerning it, Fier. 96 . guidim sib fa cend beth lium im cach ní I beg you to side with me, 122 . With ellipse of verb: guidhim liom . . . / an chéad míle mairtíreach, Dán Dé xxv 62 . gā tarbha an béal do bheith lais / san inntinn ina éagmhais, xxii 20 . an lucht do-beir iad féin do shainnt an tsaoghail . . . óir saoilid go mairfeadh sin leó do shíor, TSh. 220. feib atré in mac bec atresat a gníma oclachais leis, TBC-LL¹ 985 . teid in ingen co n-ēgaīne moir lé dochum a hathar, RC vi 174.16 . scela lat hast thou news ? LU 7987 ( BDD 166 ). ZCP xiii 177.15 . dochóid F. lasin n-athesc sin F. went with that reply, LU 8099 ( FB 7 ). an teachtaire tig le haitheasgaib Dé, Dán Dé xiv 26 . an toisg lér chuirios iad the errand on which I sent them, ML 110.4 . abradh fris conā tardad gráin na hirfuath leis ina dochum, ACL iii 5.8 . cona gabur . . . e can fir De lais, Laws iv 294.20 . dá gcaitheam thú leis an toil if I consume Thee with (sinful) desire in my heart, Dán Dé xviii 10 . Also in spite of: ní léigfiom úainn . . . / le a bheirt . . . nglanmháilligh . . . / an sduaigh I will not let the chieftain go, for all his suit of polished mail, Ériu ix 164 § 17 .

(g) with, in custody of, at the disposal of; carried or worn by: fodord doib di dommatu ┐ dufuairthed ní leu forasaith din main, Ml. 97d10 . fáccab Áed aidacht la Conchad, Thes. ii 242.20 ( Ardm. 18b ). admuiniur in slánicid foracab dian cecht lia muintir, Thes. ii 249.9 . co lóg leu á fognama hiro-batar di mainib inna n-egiptacdae, Ml. 84c12 . mar aes mbraith . . . / cen scribenn lib, SR 3479 . gaisced lasin n-íngin, LU 4522 . claidib gelduirn léo, TBC-LL¹ 175 . is leis . . . frith escra na E., SR 3592 . ra leiced Fer loga . . . siar dia bliadna ┐ da gabair Conchobair leis, LL 13246 ( Sc.M² 20 ). doriacht Niall immach ┐ in indeoin cona cip lais, RC xxiv 194.6 . rofhóid . . . a gilla, ┐ a bréit allais lais, airm a mbói, PH 2193 . is amlaid tancatar, co slogu mora ┐ co n-ascadaib examla leo, LB 198b27 ( PH 6972 ). co n-imat piast . . . co mellaib dergaib umaide leo ina lámaib, PH 8312 . ni dlegait lōn leo for sét / . . . acht an ccéin rabhaitt amuigh / rī Érenn da bhfriothāilimh, ZCP viii 116 § 12. Common in this sense with beirid and do-beir (q.v.): an rí chondaigi hi foss / manimbera latt ní fogbai, Thes. ii 296 . iarsindí dunnucsat i ndoiri leu `after they had brought us into captivity with them', Ml. 92d1 . manimbera su latt if thou dost not carry me off, LL 260a43 ( LMU 9 ). do bert a chend ┐ a fodb lais, LU 5144. co ructáis a chend leo, TBC-LL¹ 1433.

(h) along with, and, in addition to, as well as: la cach cuimliucht ol chenae gl. hoc reliquis quoque commodis iungetur, Ml. 112c9 . ni lour in degforcitlaid maní be indithem leir . . . lasin `withal', 53c18 . tórmaig la cach maith dubir dúnni ar ṅglanad hua . . . chomroircnib gl. adde ad augmentum benignitatis tuae ut ab errore nos convertas, 105d4 . la sassad inna n-anmandae gl. et quod est amplius post expletionem . . . animantium, 129d16 . is airi nistabur la k ┐ q gl. h . . . aspirationis est magis nota, Sg. 4b13 . lasin ngutai inna degaid, 7b6 . co ndechatar [int sailm] mudhaigh hi tempal lasind canoin ol chena, Hib. Min. 7.210 (`they were lost in the Temple with the rest of the Canon', Strachan, RC xxviii 203 ). int[ṡ]ailim lasna noibscribhinna atarimim `I reckon the Psalms with the Sacred writings', Hib. Min. 3.75 . ataruirmiset la gerind `they have reckoned them (i.e. participles) with the gerund', Sg. 188a1 . biit remsuidigthi uaraib cen briathra leo, 215a6 (cf. friu in similar sense, 5). sens magis ┐ posit leiss `the sense of magis and with it the positive', 39a29 . atá dechor n-aimsire hi suidib la cumscugud coibedne, gl. etiam in prima persona habent differentias temporum, 146b15 . da cet mile . . . / la tri cethair cethrachat, SR 116 . tricha lathi . . . / la dech n-úara ┐ lethuar, 225 . immon Michil lasin crosfigill so, immon Muiri lasind crosfigell n-aile, Mon. Tall. 28 . masui dina[i]p Psalmaibh [in tituil] cid arna gabtair leu ? Minip dinaib psalmaib, cid ar[a]scriphthair leu?, Hib. Min. 7.230 . gaibti seom tra teora biadi ┐ magnificat la cach naí, Mon. Tall. 5 . ronbiat da tír lar tír we shall have two countries in addition to our own, Ériu iii 136.44 . bennacht fort . . . la céol nimhe deit dara éisi, BNnÉ 92 § 202 . co ndechaid [in rí] docum ithfrinn . . . la dilsi a thire do Senán ó sin amach, Lism. L. 2328 . condasloic . . . lasa loim gabais asind lestur swallowed her along with the draught, LU 10652 . atat sin sin duma . . . / iii. meic ríg . . . / la tri ingena, 2866 . See also s.v. taeb (la, fri, t.). In leiss (etc.) also; either : ind indocbál doratad do Crist condartar dúnni less gl. coheredes autem Christi, si tamen compatimus ut et simul glorificemur Wb. 4a18 is possibly an early ex. of this (cf. ZCP xvii 223 ). sine é sin ná tusa ┐ na mise leis, Celt. Rev. ix 142.25 (text and MS. late). rachaidh leis féin ar foghuil / raghaidh leis le féin bhFuinidh will go also, Bard. Synt. Tr. 8.10 . lais in this meaning forbidden, ibid. ? ré bliadhna ┐ beagán lais, TD 15.10 .

(i) with, assisting, on behalf of: ar debaid . . . leis fri Senach, LU 3342 ( SCC 13 ). dena ernuighthi leamsa curab reidh dham dhul, Lism. L. 1560 (= ora pro me, Lat. Lives 82 ). ro ghabh B. pater leis, Lism. L. 1566 (= orante B. pro eo, Lat. Lives 82 ).

II Of temporal relations.

(a) Marking point of time, coincidence of occurrence or action. Of point of time: is gnád bróen . . . oca turcbáil ┐ lia fuined, BCr. 18c2 . dognisom ind figild la matain `he performs the vigil at matins', Mon. Tall. 30 (= ar maidin, Rule of Tallaght 96a ). la turcbáil ṅgréne at dawn, TBC-LL¹ 634 . la fuinead ṅgréne, Ériu iv 138.24 . PH 5108. la fescor, PH 1699 . ro imthig reme la doshoillsi na maitne, Grail 1324 . ni tigdis acht le deghdil (= dedail) laoi nó le tosach seachdmuine, ZCP x 291.16 . Cf. la linn (3 linn). Of actions: cóichet na heichsi a gilli for se la fegad co andíaraid fair, LU 8522 ( FB 38 ). la fuirmed in mátan fair, LU 8545 ( FB 40 ). gairfitit . . . le guth a Dūileman (sic leg.), ZCP viii 212.22 . adbered-seom iarum la déicsiu in chuaich . . ., Ériu i 46.11 . tinoilis T. a muintir . . . fo cetoir la hairiugud Cesair cuige, CCath. 3735 . forba ┐ crich do dul for in forbunn rechtaide la tuidecht soscela, PH 3450 . rogab . . . imecla Sir Persaual la faicsin inn eich, Grail 1974 . Freq. in la sin and esp. la sodain with that, immediately, thereupon : dofeccai secha a gabuir . . . lasin donic in gabuir chuci, LL 14155 ( RC iii 184 ). See 1 sin. colláa th'ais tra ol sesem . . . La sodoin fochedoir slechtais C., Mon. Tall. 7 . la sodain téit úad, LU 6100 . ni thó or seiseom. La sodain focheird bedg cuce, LL 260a41 ( LMU 9 ). See 1 suide. Note also: cani du pater fothrí lase thereat, Thes. ii 249.3 . leis sin thereupon, TSh. 364.

(b) This sense sometimes merges into that of III (a); cucut . . . thánac do nim / la forngairi De, SR 1696 . luid for muir . . . lá forcongra Pátraic, Trip.² 2633 . do choid ass . . . in draicc iar sin la brethir in apstail, PH 2505 (cf. soithis A. fri brēithir a mathar, Cáin Ad. 8 . issí . . . rotathbēogadh . . . fri brathair nA., 10 ). rofacsat i n-aenla i la clois[t]eacht Cesair amain `merely on hearing of C.', CCath. 815 . ro eirigh an ben iar sin lé haithne Maodócc `at the command of M.', BNnÉ 218.28 . attracht in duine . . . la cloisteacht in sceōil `on hearing the story', Fl. Earls 194.1 . Cf. VI (b).

(c) during : dogéna sibh an caiscc si mara ndernabhair hí leisna secht mbliadnaibh ele si, BNnÉ 70 § 116 . ni lamar la graifne in gáid / élud, aithne, athgabáil, Metr. Dinds. iii 18.223 . lé ló in his time Content. ii 15 (cf. réd lá, xxiii 4 . rem lá, ACL iii 304.20 ). le haimsir, Párl. na mB. 17 . This use seems confined to later texts and is probably derived from FRI IX (b) q.v.

III

(a) on account of, because of, by reason of (see also II (b) last para., and FRI IV (b)): ní aicci ní lia mescai `he sees nothing for his drunkenness', Ml. 94c3 . gabail mo gotha dim la mméit inna nimned forodamar, Ml. 95d13 . ingnad lesom cutuim doib lammeit inna soinmige hirobatar, Ml. 91c19 . co mbo nem tened indala leth dind rígthig lasna claidbiu ┐ la fáebra na ngái, LU 8202 ( FB 15 ). lasin siabrad ro síabrad immi, LU 9143 ( FB 88 ). ce do faidsad snathat for lar . . . rocluinfide lasin tuí imbítis, LL 12557 ( Ériu iv 30 ). co mboi C. oc sirchuí lásin ngolltraighes, RC vi 183.16 . ba failid lais labra fris la somillsi a indsci, Grail 2187 . gu ro facsat sruithi . . . a n-istuda . . . la homun Cesair, CCath. 772 . ba huathad ro ela dib la f[a]ebra ┐ tennti ┐ biasta what with blades and fires and wild animals, few of them escaped, PH 6326 . le [a] mhéd rachas da ríodhún / a n-íobha slógh mear Mumhan / budh hól gan fear n-ealudhan, Ériu v 54.30 . Cf. II (b). ar ecla Chuind ┐ la hecla rīg Ulad, ZCP viii 274.25 . techit la crith ┐ omon Meic C., LU 7237 `with trembling and terror of Mac C. they flee', BDD 90 . tobur nach etir le duine . . . d'ol lea ḟuaire a ló ┐ lena thes a n-oidhchi, Maund. 136 . ní caomhnactar a feughadh . . . leis na ruithnibh diághadha, ZCP v 495.z . le na fad liumsa co faca tusa anocht, docuadhus . . . gut' iaraid, ZCP vi 66.21 . ni cumgat ni la Mac nDe, Anecd. iii 55.27 . nir ḟētsat in tech d'fāgbāil la daingne an iadhtha bái fair, Irish Texts i 42.10 . níorbh iongnadh le méad a sluaig ar ngéill do Chian it was no wonder we submitted to C., considering the size of his army, Ériu i 93.18 . tic la egsamlacht an inaid . . . examlacht an blassa (o, a, v.l.), Ir. Astr. Tr. 40.11 .

(b) In the following exx. the notions of purpose and instrument are more prominent; through the agency of, by means of: in tan scaras fria thola leo `when by means of them he separates from his desires', Thes. ii 247.7 (Cambr. Hom.). am dechaid a trian sin la bruith `when that third had boiled away', Mon. Tall. 52 . dolduid bannan bec bec as lasind fascad fottai `by reason of the long squeezing', 61 . rogabtha a cossae cona dernae figild rée mor ria necaib lasind forcrid dorigni dia naild, 34 (= ar an iomarcaigh dorighne se cheana, Rule of Tallaght 103 ). Cf. nombeir fort muin connesbiur dich latt take me on thy back that I may get (lit. drink) a drink with (by means of?) thee, RC x 214.z . gach paiter dar gabus riam lesin mbelsin, PH 7339 . is í so in t-ochtmad plág lér buail Dia Faró, 7653 . gach ní at-chluinim leis an gcluais, Dán Dé ix 6 . in spreid la ndíngned nech a bethugud, PH 7526 . clann do dhénuimh . . . dhi / le féghuin an éoin eile, IGT Decl. ex. 496 (= ar fēgad, ACL iii 238 ). rostad a n-éisg doníd ar chlochaib leisan grēin, Maund. 49 . maothuighthear í . . . le fothrogadh fola do thabhairt dí, Mac Aingil 306 . dogheba sibh . . . soinean maith le ffaicfe sibh an t-oilén so, BNnÉ 74.9 . geas do bhí ar an sleigh sin . . . gan bainéacht do dhéanamh lé, Keat. ii 4390 . an t-urchar . . . ler thuit morbhar G., Rel. Celt. ii 194.13 . ag gáire le guth mór, Dán Dé xxix 5 (cf. ro nuall o guth mor, PH 2898 = do éigh do ghuth ard, Matthew xxvii 46 ). Of persons: dochotar martra la heachtrandu, YBL 12a28 . ata Muma lais i ssíd through him M. is at peace, LL 19073 . tairthe na bhfeadh leat do lúb, L. Cl. A. B. 234.6 . Cf. II (b).

(c) Of accompanying circumstance or condition; contemporary action: nach comai[r]le . . . dognither la fortach[t] Dae is bithsuthin adae, Ml. 51b28 . ar bá fio factus sum dogéni prius; suffio sufiui immurgu la cumscugud n-inne, Sg. 185b4 . ní choímnacair a fogbail lá doirchi na aidchi, Trip.² 1446 (126) . focheird deit chubus . . . la slemni `send him away from thy confession gently', Mon. Tall. 2 . a mesrugud do neuch tra buddesin la eolus ind fita, 63 . ni aurcail dano laisiom do neoch cid chodala a lórtid acht rop la forcomet na trade colleir `provided that he diligently observe the hours', 82 . praind do tomailt la marb hi tig to eat a meal whilst in a house where there is a dead man, 65 . dá ndeach le bás mbeannaighthe, Studies 1918, 282 § 16 . isin rainn is nesam do dochuaidh la cundtabairt he goes (lit. has gone) to the next division to it by reason of the doubt, Laws iv 192.7. Comm . do-chúaidh an gort san choll go ndearna an tsoil .g. aris de la a bheith bog na choll chumuisg (i.e. g + c = cc but s + cc = sg), IGT Introd. § 30 . gan duine . . . do dol faoi . . . acht le custam do dhīol, Fl. Earls 90.4 . caith le daondacht a bhfoighe, O'Gr. Cat. 29.5 . dochuir urnaighthe diochra go Dia . . . gidh edh nir treicc . . . a troim-easlainte leissin hé for all that, BNnÉ 275 § 257 . Cf. la dēcim felmac (.i. is amlaid ataciim conid mac foglamma) `according to what I see (he is only) a pupil' RC xxvi 14.12 . ( Rawl. 108a5 .)

(d) Expressing purpose with follg. vn.: lé a congbháil ó fhéin fhuinidh `to guard it', TD 10.16 . ní le rádh uirre is iomdha (of Jerusalem), 17.25 . la furtacht d'faghail in order to get help, Stair Erc. 78 . ar an leabhar . . . noch atā le taisbēanadh, Párl. na mB. 133 .

IV Expressing agency by, by the hands of, by direction or order of.

(a) With pass. verb. dogéntar aidchumtach tempuil less, Wb. 26a8 . congabtis gabala linn, 19a4 . a molad . . . lúaidfidir láedib limmsa `it will be sung in lays by me', Thes. ii 295.7 (Cod. S. Pauli). indí lassandenatar inna cumtach `those by whom the ornamentations are made', Ml. 84a11 . gabthe dunad les fris `a camp was pitched by him (Saul) against him (David)' Ml. 55c1 . dichossecrad inna cathrach conrotacht la duaid `of the consecration of the city that was built by David', 48d27 . conoscaighther du scath immut la cumscugud inna grene gl. sicut umbra corpus sequitur et conversionibus solis inflectitur, 118c12 . amal asrobrad leusom, Ml. 37b24 . oroit ar Thurcain lasandernad in [c]hrossa, Thes. ii 289.5 . oroit . . . do Flaund . . . do rig Herenn lasandernad a cumddachso (i.e. to whose order?), 11 . ised canir leisim, Mon. Tall. 131.11 . rothinolad lais . . ./ na fuair frisna secht ṁbliadnaib, SR 3393 . díaro sáertha na mná la Adomnan ┐ la Fínnachta Fledach, la ríg nÉrend, ┐ la mathib hErend ar chena, LU 2258 ( FA 32 ). do toglad in dun la Coin Culaind, RC vi 184.28 . Tigernmas . . . / leis ro berbad . . . méin óir a tús i nHerind, LL 2046 (cf. is aciside doronta ilbrechta i n-étaigib, 2037 ). darónad urgnam bíd ┐ lenna leo, TBC-LL¹ 811 . ro alt la Conchobar, LL 260a11 ( LMU 6 ). C. . . . lasrachētgabtha comgni, ZCP viii 303.1 . rohailed in mac sin la Cathbad, RC vi 178.129 . Marchelli din . . . is lais do-ronad leiges in abbad, PH 555 . gabthar Ailill la hÉ., RC xxiv 186.2 . a chlár . . . ler cabhradh cách, DDána 2.6 . Sometimes with ellipsis of the verb: ni do chach la Meidb in lind dálter for Fer ṁbáeth, TBC-LL¹ 2167 = ni do chách berar la Meidb, TBC St. 1926 . lechtain le Pedar / isan offrend ard uasal the lectio was introduced by Peter, ZCP viii 115 § 31. Frequ. with impersonal forms of intransitive verbs: dutiagar leu du failti fris[i]n ríg, Ml. 116b5 . dochuas (docuas v.l.) limsa chuici I went to it, Ériu iv 134.11 . cid fa bfuilter damsa lib what do you want from me, TBC-LL¹ 2261 . sciobadh na miasa . . . is trialltar leo tar sleasaibh an mhúir amach, Keat. iii 1012 .

(b) Denoting agent after vn. or an appellative so used: tri óenpheccad la Adam, Wb. 3a5 which could also be rendered one sin of Adam's. Cf. VI (a). conaroib diupart neich lelele `so that there be no defrauding of one by another', 16c24 . connabí asse a aicsin leu `so that it is not easy for him to be seen by them', Ml. 116a1 . Cf. cid fodruair latsu . . . mo dímiadsa fiad andrib, LU 3901 ( SCC 41 ). ba ferr a comaitecht . . . oldaas a tuitim la náimtiu, LL 260b33 (Lg). dogniat nuallguba . . . ic a riagad la drungu demnu, PH 8316 . cúirt . . . ag a cor suass lesin diūc, Fl. Earls 78.35 . Here may be assigned the type: ni sí ar sercc less `that is not the love He hath for us', Wb. 4b16 . méit for serc lemsa, 14d16 . Cf. 23a27 , 25a27 , 27d8 . ara seirc lind because I am so fond of her, Fing. R. 392.

(c) Denoting agent after active verb, at the hands of: cutrummae neich forodamair som leu `the same measure as he had suffered at their hands', Ml. 54b28 . Cf. maided fair lib `let him be routed by you', Wb. 7a4 . rombith lat . . . a lestar give me the vessel, Irish Texts i 11.2 . cach la tan ba leo. tan aile ba forro, LU 223 . co torchair .l. leis cona ḟiaclaib, LL 14054 ( RC iii 181 ). fuair bás na chomland chatha / la D., Arch. Hib. ii 85 § 41 . dáig ni bam béo meni thaeth cara nó náma limm, TBC-LL¹ 669 . táet a bás lim, 907 . mad dia tóetsad latt, 2088 . E. lastorchair C., ZCP viii 302.20 . tuitfe tú liomsa, Duan. F. ii 256 § 31 . is lais tra forodamair in martrasa, lasin forcongarthid . . . Datianus, PH 1109 . o atchualaid tra Dioclian . . . in bisech bui for in cristaigecht lais (i.e. Paphnutius), 539 .

(d) With neg. vb. denoting preventive agent: mainbad tairbad bāis . . . / lem ni bud fien cen dīgail, Fianaig. 10.18 .

V In at, among, with (apud, chez, bei).

(a) Of locality or population-group: ucc domnuch mar criathar la auu censelich in Uí Ch. Thes. ii 241.6 ( Ardm. 18a ). la laigniu `in Leinster', Thes. 241.16 (ibid.). Raith Cathbaid .i. la Cruithintuaith Raith C. in the country of the Picts, RC vi 175.38 . Cf. la di[a]mair a inchlidi som gl. apud arcanum virtutis suae, Ml. 53a5 . nach loinges roḟitir E. la hEirind, Ériu iii 138.103 . érlamae Cille F. la Áu Amalgada, Trip.² 1540 . Mag Ṡeired la Tethba. Mag Tochair i Tir Eogain, LL 626 . Ui A. la Muaidh `on the Moy', Hy Fiach. 4. Cf. nach namae ro bói lia n-athir `any enemy that their father had', Ml. 127b2 . is de atā Trāig Ési la hUltu, Ériu i 118.35 . Crimthann la Hū Maine, ACL iii 308 § vi 1 . la hErinn huili throughout Ireland, RC iii 345.6 .

(b) Referring to persons or peoples generally: bat he berte bretha lib `let it be them who give judgements among you', Wb. 9c12 . lia muntair `among his household', Ml. 71c16 . no cainte tobchetal leusom hi tosuch cech mís, 102c8 (or to be referred to IV (a)?). rechtga[e] ríg amail rongab rechtga[e] righ Caisil la Mumain, Críth G. 520 . in Cú ro chúalammár la hUltu, LU 4832 . mad me bad chend athchomairc laisna Déisib, Ériu iii 140.184 . máethmaccáem co n-gabh armu lind, TBC-LL¹ 1249 . is hē ba tuaircnid flatha la Fiachaig, ZCP viii 317.18 . da ech bas ḟerr la Connachta `the best pair of horses to be found with the C.' LL 13031 ( Sc.M² 2 ). is é cétna ro gabh in ceim sin la Romhanchu `the first to obtain that rank among the Romans', CCath. 77 . do mheaduigh cert lem gach lá, Rel. Celt. ii 240.y .

(c) in, amongst, with, of customs and usages, corresponding to in, amongst, with , in such phrases as in Virgil, in Shakespeare, (it is the custom) in France or amongst the French, (it is a custom) with him; in the days of (cf. VI (d) below): intí lasmbi ind encae . . . intí bís isind encae (sic), Ml. 24a19 . file athir leíss `that he has a father', Sg. 29b12 . ní áis aeccalsa ata brithemin lib, Wb. 9c7 . lebedan .i. ised ainm forán la ezechiál `Leviathan, that is Pharaoh's name in Ezechiel', Ml. 93b7 . do thintud in suin ebraidi sluindes . . . ilintliuchtu la ebreu, 37a10 . dundgniat ind filid linni, 26b10 . briathra āildi la cechtar de frialaile, 31a24 . is la grecu atā a ndliged sin, Sg. 95b1 . dund lathar fil la Dia ocar nditin ni `to the purpose which is with God in protecting us' Ml. 103d27 . nad fel dliged remcaissen la Dia, Ml. 27d10 . mascul la baedam són immurgu `this however, is masculine in Baeda', Sg. 124b6 . arecar forṅgarthaid sechmadachti la Grécu gl. apud Graecos etiam praeteriti temporis sunt imperativa, Sg. 147b6 . ind interiecht nad rann insce la Grecu, 26b6 . cit comsuidigthi la Grecu ní ecen dunni beta comsuidigthi linn, 207b11 . aní as nomen lasna littridi aili is cognomen són la Priscien, 28a18 . is follus nach mór bríg articuil linni, 26b3 .

Very frequently in Laws i n phrase la Féine (Féniu) (frequently abbreviated lā) according to (the custom of) the F.: cis lir fodlai fine la Feine?, Laws iv 282.10 ( SM Facs. 3b ). atait tri comurba la Feine nis comsaer a cuir, Laws iii 46.18 . atait secht cella la Feine, na dlegad dire na dicubus, v 118.1 . dichenglaiter cach chor cen raith fine la Feine, iv 206.z . is [s]ruithiu la Feine in foesam andsen óldas a tir as a tairidnither, 9 ( Ériu xvii 64 § 3 ). Note further: ní heclas, acht ūam latrand ┐ tādat a hainm la Crīst, Ériu i 219.z . ar is fern laisin laidneoir ┐ u laisin Gāidel, ZCP viii 107.3 . ni facai . . . tuaslucud for selind n-imbe la muindtir Máolrúoin, Mon. Tall. 22 . atat tri altai leusom for ind gabail, 33 . ni fogni laisim fachmarc scel dóib `it is not his usage to ask them for news' 2 (see fo-gní). ba sollamain gresach la maccu Israel in sollamain-sea in Cengcaigis, PH 5417 . is meinic leis na hoideadha techt . . . do lathair na ndaltadha, RC xxix 110.x .

(d) Various: is bés leosom in daim do thúarcain ind arbe Wb. 10d6 . is bes leusom torand hi tempul delbae inna rig, Ml. 65c16 . ba lugae leu in sin gl. per . . . exempla iurabant, 118c5 . ba bés leu . . . ferthain ind óenaig, LU 3230 ( SCC 2 ). as breth la F. leth diri gach graid tuaithe for a mnai, Laws iv 306.17 . In the opinion of, according to: issi a bríg liumsa atechtae som huaim amal ni confessin etir I care no more about their going from me than if etc., Ml. 117d4 . ba bibdu báis leusom intí nád imdibthe, Wb. 1d15 . is cert a míad linn do beith-siu etrainn we deem it a sufficient honour, Mer. Uil. 49. See dar.

(e) from, at the hands of: gabais caille la patricc took the veil from P. (i.e. was professed by P.), Thes. ii 238.16 ( Ardm. 17a2 ). rotbia less lóg do daggníma, Wb. 6a11 . rotbia limm airmitiu intslóig, SR 3353 . nanní asbertisom frisom . . . ba ed a frecrae adi lesom `whatever they used to say to him that was the answer to them that he had', Ml. 62c13 . ba hísin tochuiridh Patraic leo the invitation they had for P., Dinds. 68 . in eitchi connaigh, nī sunn atā dhó acht a Clūain mic Nois ┐ la Ciarán, ACL iii 4.35 . amail rochualatar som lassin faith commad tria chumachta na hingine rogebtais tír, Ériu iii 138.80 . ro chuala la nech legas libru I have heard from one who studies books, LL 19060 ( Misc. Hib. 17 § 1 ). cia hairm ita in chleth, cluinem lat, Rawl. 84a21 . rot bia tír lind cen chís cen biathad, Ériu iii 140.168 . dia mbui Crist hi croich la hIúdaigib, PH 671 . rodbē a lūagh la Dia `may God reward you for it', Ériu i 46.27 . cīa lóg rombīa latt ar a fagbāil what reward shall I have from thee? ZCP iv 44.5 ( TBFr. 23 ). Cf. further: luid C. do forceatal gaiscid la Scāthaig . . . ilLetha, Ériu i 114.3 (cf. Wb. 19a10 cited under I (e) above). tathum cech maith la Gūaire, Ériu ii 16.13 . cía fogaba mōrchennsa / lassin dūilem īar ndola, BColm. 98.8 .

(f) The following also are most simply explained as developments of the sense with, amongst, at ; exx. of the types cited are very numerous in Old-Ir. glosses: trachtad lesom anisiu this is his commentary, Ml. 74c9 . cosmuilius aile lessom in so this is another of his similes, Wb. 10d14 . cosmuilius roisc anísiu lessom, 12c10 . canoin centrachtad in so lessom (of a verse without commentary), Ml. 132c6 . analogia laissem anisiu do thaidbse cheille `he has here an analogy to shew the sense', Sg. 149b4 . Cf. forsani as corda trachtad (dtrachtid, MS) lesom anisiu, Ml. 53a1 .

(g) according to, in the opinion of in phrases with copula: ished aperficere lessom (to do) this he deems perficere, Wb. 3d5 . is peccad diabul lesom he considers it a double sin, Ml. 97d10 . issí ind inducbal lesom in molad, 126b17 . arathis leusom anintamail fria ndeu `they deem it as a reproach', 138c10 . This construction very common at all periods to indicate possession of opinion, notion, feeling, desire, impulse, etc. The predicate can be (i) a noun, or (ii) an adjective. (i) iscían ós accobor lemm farríchtu I have long desired to come to you, Wb. 7a3 . intí lasinformat maith dodegdoinib, Ml. 129b3 . is machdad limm, Sg. 6a4 . cid as mó miscais lat atchí, IT i 81.18 . cach ní ba tol libse, PH 637. (ii) robu maith leu they would have liked, Ml. 105b8 . aní asmaith ladia doguidi, Wb. 4b4 . condib sain . . . linn, Tur. 86 . an robo dech leó dona tri coectaib ingen, LU 8724 ( FB 54 ). ba holc le anisin, RC xxiv 192.21 . amal ba lór leo, PH 3300. Common with menma: bá maith lais a menma, IT i 257.5 . See menmarc. See also dar. With certain predicates the meaning is more concrete, see doich, étir, mebair, etc.

VI Denoting possession, ownership, etc.

(a) attá x la y y has x (cf. oc IV (b)): nistá leo leth docoiset they have nowhere to go, Mon. Tall. 128.10 . robadar cethtri cridiscél liomsae `I have had', 136.19 . See also 144.28 , 130.1 , 135.19 , 135.28 , 148.20 . boí fled . . . la B. do Ch. B. had a feast (prepared) for C., LU 8041 ( FB 1 ). itá a rigan la cach ríg sund has with him, TBC-I¹ 190 . in filet scéla lib?, ZCP viii 318.20 . tresin ceird toṡuigthi fil lib, LL 13770 . mór na tiorchanta atá lionn, TD 27.30 . In St. Ercuil common in archaisms (see Introd.); elsewhere replaced by attá . . . oc . . . Cf. an lá nocha liom do bhí it was not my lucky day(?), Aithd. D. 47.1 .

(b) x la y y has x (perh. as (a) with ellipse of subst. vb.): ceist limm dúib, Wb. 19b7 . óenchoimdiu lib `one Lord have ye', 22d7 . sainred n-eulais leu, Ml. 37b12 . As subordinate clause: ho ro mmoidisom cumachte less that he had power, Wb. 17a12 . is torbach do popul flaith firian leu it is profitable to the people to have a righteous prince, Ml. 90b11 . conrubaidh fri m'enech gin mháthair nó athair lium (.i. agum), ZCP v 523 . Of personal attributes: rosc nglan . . . lais, LU 7078 ( BDD 75 ). berrtha lethna leo, TBC-LL¹ 181. Of relatives: da brathair limm, TBC-LL¹ 50 . E. . . . oenmac leis, Rawl. 148a5 . ni fess celi le, IT i 139.26 = nácon fes céle for a seilb, LU 10606. Various: de[i]ch mbaí lais, Laws iv 306.x . breithemnus dogrés la clandaib L., Críth G. 133 . leth in tigi . . . la Connachta the men of C. occupied, Sc.M² 5 . rob tusa lemsa / rob misi latsa, Ériu ii 89 § 4 (see Éigse x 46 ).

(c) is la x y x owns, possesses y, y belongs to x (also with ellipse of copula. See Éigse x 45 - 8 ): ní lanech huáin alaile, Wb. 6b20 . commimis less huili, 21 . leissom a tech, 33a2 . amal ata les inna nert, Ml. 108c11 . á aii .i. comtis les gl. uoluerit eos suos uocari, 92c10 . is limsa in cauradmir, LU 8974 ( FB 73 ). A. . . . ba leis ind Hériu, LL 14786 . latsu na rucais, PH 3217 . bud le a maccaibsi a cuit de, Laws iv 46.3 Comm . diamtis lat, LU 3310 ( SCC 11 ).

In extended meaning x has a right to (do) y: ni limsa superedificare it is not for me to, etc., Wb. 8c17 . is la B. tocht isan cath it is B's part to go into battle, RC xxiv 194.24 . riaguil proinntige . . . ní linni a rád it is not for us to fix the rules of the refectory, ZCP xiii 27.21 . is liomsa a chogar ó chiort I have a right to be heard by him, DDána 121.33 . Note also: in let / dál dia fuair doirthe dost thou know why? Metr. Dinds. iii 412. 27 . do ba leam ise d'aithmhealladh it was in my power to, Aithd. D. 89.32 . imtheachd . . . is é bhus libh, DDána 26.3 .

(d) Phrase x la y as adjectival complement of a noun: petta sindaig la rig L. a pet belonging to, IT i 46.22 . dorime an mac aite ile lasin n-athair many places belonging to (that many places belong to?), Anecd. i 51 § 3 . E., cathair . . . lé hEoin, Maund. 31 . go baile le diūc de L., Fl. Earls 74.28 . Cf. Créd la Marcán, Anecd. i. 7.14 .

Personal forms used reflexively: atdubelliub lemm, Wb. 7a4 . décce lat corintiu, 10c20 . atreba leiss possesses, Sg. 33a1 , 4 . addella leis tech[t] do thig filed N., Otia ii 86.2 . faichle lat atair mo thairbhse, BB 384b36 ( Dinds. 66 ). Áth Chliath fégaid lib, Metr. Dinds. iii 100.1 . finta lat in ranic ní Fer baeth, TBC-LL¹ 2198 . an fitir lat?, YBL 13a24 ( Snedg. u. Mac R 46 ). imthigid don halla leó féin, Maund. 203. áirimh leat, Content. v. 71 . tiomsaigh leat, TD 2.5 . See Duan. F. iii 75 n ., Celtica i 390 .

Idiomatic uses with verbs, nouns and adjectives are given under the words concerned.

In later lang. 3 s. n. leis as adv. visible, uncovered : ná léig leis do bhrághaid bhán do not expose, Dánta Gr. 26.7 . a n-aighthe ┐ gach ní do bhí leis díobh all that was uncovered. Beatha S. F. 2347 . leigmíd ár mbrollach . . . leis, Párl. na mB. 562 . ? duit ó nach léis na lomróid, Rel. Celt. ii 298.26 . (Earlier ris, see Duan. Finn., Éigse ix 227 , fri IX (f)).

1 menma

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 menma or dil.ie/31948
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: menme, menmae, menma, menmai, menman, menman, menmmann, menmain, menmuin, menmain, menmuin, me[n]mana, menmm-, menme, menma, menma, menmannaib

n (O.Ir. menmae) n, m. n s. menme, Wb. 6d3 , 10a15 etc. menmae, Ml. 21c3 , 31a24 . menma, Sg. 202a ( Thes. ii p. xxi). menmai, SR 1692. g s. menman, Wb. 1c15 , Ml. 54a1 . in menman , 15a2 . menmmann, Sg. 59b16 . a s. menmain, Ml. 21a8 . menmuin , Wb. 3d13 , 13a12 . d s. menmain, Ml. 54a5 . menmuin , 51a1 . n p. na me[n]mana , 35c5 . Occas. written menmm- in Sg. In Mid.Ir. fem.: ind menme , Mon. Tall. § 39. menma (n, f.), IGT Dec. § 8. (g s. menma) § 2 .

The mind in wide sense, hence

(a) the thinking faculty, the understanding: menme corp animm imbráti mind, body, soul, thoughts, Wb. 31b26 . tucfa mo menme a n-asbérat mo beiúil (gl. orabo mente), 12d12 . oínmenme lib occo et oíngním (gl. unanimes), 6d3 . is imradud á labradsidi in menman the speech of the mind is thought, Ml. 138a3 . frecrae menmman a mental answer, Sg. 28b15 . scríbend menmman an intended writing, 178b3 . airecc menman (= mentis inventum), Hib. Min. 8.252 . i n-ecnairc meanman (.i. a n-ecmais ceille codnaid), Laws v 510.5 , 22 . ticc co menicc fo menmain occurs to the mind, ACL iii 321 § 1. is messi dorat fó menmain Aililla do seirc-siu, IT i 127.32 (LU = for menmain, Eg.). tainicc for menmain do B. tormach . . . do chuingidh, BNnÉ 19.14 . nach raibe for menmain righ nā thaisigh acht fledach neither king nor chief thought of anything save feasting, Marco P. 126. indtí dogní ní do maith fria menmain fadesin the man who does good in intention, Mon. Tall. § 21. in tíí chomailles in maith cretes ho menmain, PH 6794. is tar menmin lim it passes my understanding (? `es geht mir gegen den Sinn' transl.), ZCP viii 175. 27 (Laon Gl.). ni mór conanic Priam a ḟrecra . . . acht namá atbert dar menmain, TTr.² 748 (`in his mind', Stokes; without thinking, on the spur of the moment?). turnfaidh se a mair dar menmuin will upset the minds of all living (?), Irish Texts ii 83 § 15 .

Esp. thought, heed, attention: gíd uathad lín in chaire | do chaitter menma airi (i.e. it calls for attention), TBC-LL¹ 2358. Michél . . . focheird mo m.¤ airi `my mind is set on him', Ériu ii 92 § 2 . bííth a menme frisso[m] (gl. cognoscat), Wb. 13a22 . is ferr menme friss (gl. alioquin [et tu excideris]), 5b37 ; `better is (thy) mind towards Him', Thes.; better bear that in mind (a caveat)? a ben! ni friot atá mo menmo: ata mo menma colleic isind imairiuc, Fianaig. 10 § 1. is beithi menmæ frisin fodor `care must be taken (to check) murmuring', Ériu vii 164.4 . ní théit mo m.¤ fri bethaid I care nought for life, CCath. 2186. m.¤ re cill, cul re tuaith, ACL iii 306 § 9. m.¤ re múnadh máthar (characteristic of a good daughter), ZCP iv 468 § 10. a m.¤ ina ndulemain their thoughts fixed on their Creator, FA 7. focerd m.¤ in coca thairis the cook forgot all about it, Lism. L. 1997. rachuaid a m.¤ dar slúag na Troiana they made no account of, LL 243a21 ( TTr. 1950 ). óid menmain féil Teclae give heed to, Fél. June 1 . In phr. do-beir do menmain considers : tabair co lēir dot menmain 'consider carefully', SR (Adam and Eve) 96.2042 . ​tabair do menmain 'consider', SR (Greene) 3337​ . on uair doratus-sa mu menmain i nDia, Lism. L. 1736 ; ZCP xii 370.1 . bid at menmain bear in mind, remember , Rosa Angl. 222.9 . Thought, i.e. opinion, belief, fancy: ní bá m.¤ la cech n-óen . . . corob . . . no one will deem that, TTr.² 289. nirbó m.¤ léa ben . . . do derscugud dí she did not think that any woman could surpass her, 364 , cf. 366 .

Exceptionally with obj. gen. thought (of), care, concern (for): atta m.¤ int sloig ocom innocht I am concerned about the host to-night, LU 4693 , cf. TBC-I¹ 220. tánic gérmenma ... Con Culaind do Ḟergus 'a sharp premonition ... of Cú Chulainn', TBC-LL² 394 .

(b) of emotional nature, state of mind, feelings (= Lat. animus): bid maith mo menme-se (gl. ut bono animo sim), Wb. 23d2 . ni bu fǽlid leis a menma, FB 56. na mba olcc a m.¤ frimm that he may not be angry with me, Sg. 202 a ( Thes. ii p. xxi ). ba holc lasna haithechaib a m.¤ , ZCP xi 60.21 . ba holc frisin imper a m.¤ de-sin the emperor was perturbed thereby, PH 1028. is tromm ar menmæ linn indiu, ZCP viii 176.5 (Laon Gl.). dagmenme no mesce tre ol cormæ jollity , Mon. Tall. § 40. as coir daoibh m.¤ maith do beith occaibh to be of good cheer, Leb. Gab.(i) i 244.20 . maille re menmain maith ┐ re deghc[h]aithemh aimsire, Fl. Earls 58.13 . mac rig is cuilen mílcon . . . inand m.¤ doib malle propensity, disposition , MR 14.9 .

(c) spirit, courage, self-confidence: m.¤ ┐ meisnech maith do beth acu, ZCP vi 29.22 . as mé an mathgamhain ar menmain, BNnÉ 285.32 . foillsig do menma a Maghnuis!, Irish Texts ii 60 § 25 . leicid deocha dia n-elifinntib . . . do metugud a menman ┐ a ndasachta, Marco P. 187. a n-uabhar ┐ a meanma chroidhe, Isaiah ix 9. Esp. in phrase méit menman (often with notion of overweening self-confidence or conceit): ro chomarlécc Dia do Petar imarbos do denum, náchar-gabad met menman, PH 3178. go ttainic mét menman chuige `pride of spirit', RC xxix 110 § 1. met menman ┐ aicnid, Cog. 188.15 . Éibhear go méad meanma `great-hearted E.', Content. vi 28. ní hiongnadh dhí méad meanman, Gofraidh Fionn v 28 ( Ir. Monthly 1919. ) See also mórmenma.

(d) desire, inclination (cf. Eng. `I have a mind to . . .'): coir menman `an offence of heart, voluntary ', Eg. Gl. 132. do denam a menman ┐ do airiuc thuile dó, ZCP iii 7.6 ( LL 270a5 ). mairg fa ttabhraid mna menma woe to those on whom women set their desire, BS 112.1 . in tan fuarais neach ro gab do meanmain ┐ dia tucais searc, Aen. 689. is í m.¤ ag mac S. . . . dol do chómfégain Chláir Néill, O'Gr. Cat. 408.20. m.¤ theithmi desire of flight, AU iii 544.20 . nochar mhór leis clár-Bhanbha do beith aige re a mhenmain at his pleasure (?), Duan. F. i 86.28 . pl. dar a mōit ┐ dar a menmannaib against their wish and inclinations, Alex. 1101. ba duthracht linn . . . mad iar menmannuib connētsimis (= if we followed our inclinations we would comply with your request?), IT ii2 228.35 Eg. = iar menmannrad, YBL.

(e) high spirits, pleasure, elation (late use): gí bé da ttabhair meanmuin, | atá neach da ttabhair brón, KMMisc. 346.15 . rachthaoi-si amach maille ré meanmuin with joy, Isaiah lv 12. gáirdeachas ┐ meanma mhór, 1 Peter iv 13.

stuidér

Cite this: eDIL s.v. stuidér or dil.ie/39025

n (with unlen. -d-) o, m. (Lat. studēre or Fr. é(s)tudier)

(a) act of studying, reading : N. do beith ag sduidir innto (i.e. languages), Auraic. 4054 . docuadar do sduider a leabhar `they fell to studying their books', Stair Erc. 1892 . ina ndearnas do sttuidéar ná do léaghthóracht, Desid. 5970 . ac sduidér annsa bhfírinne, O'Gr. Cat. 211.26 . in dísgáiled téid ar in menmuin . . . ó'n sduidér, 260.32 . stuider dethnisech do denam don tslainti, Mackinnon Cat. 36.30 . go teghduiss stuidéir in ierla `to the earl's study', Fl. Earls 104.14 .

(b) act of pondering, cogitating, contemplating, planning : og a sduidear cindus do cuirfed se gach en-chuid in a hinad, BCC 6.16 . ro bui aga sduider ina menmain cinnus do dhénum sé `pondered in his mind as to how he should act', Stair Erc. 2477 . ní bhí do sduidéur laoi nā oidhche agam acht dá fhéchuin cionnas as fearr do fhéudfuinn seirbhís do dhéanamh dhóibh, Desid. 5574 . as é ba sduidér dona naomhuibh . . . a ccolna do chrádh, Mac Aingil 369.9 . daoine . . . tógbhas . . . a n-aire do stiúir stuidéir an bháis from the helm which is the contemplation of death, TSh. 2638 . da mbia maille re studer as amhlaidh . . . as guasachtuighe melancholy (?), 23 K 42, 101.11 .

(c) place of study, university : is and do tinnscnadh an leabhar so . . . a sduidér solusghlan tSléibhe Pisaláin = ou (= au) noble estude de montpellier, O'Gr. Cat. 211.37 .

2 suide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 suide or dil.ie/39196

Forms: suidi

n io, n. With fem. pron. (innti), PH 2640 . IGT Verbs § 74 . Vn. of saidid.

I

(a) act of sitting, sitting down : techt ┐ tairisem ┐ s.¤ , Ml. 15a1 . ind suidi gl. sesionis, 15a7 . trissa s.¤ gl. per cathedrae autem sesionem, 15a13 . huan suidiu biuc gl. modica sesione, 135a14 . indaas bid s.¤ garait nosessed, 135a13 . nipo accobor lassin feir nopridchad s.¤ , Wb. 13a20 . eter s.¤ nō shessam, Hy. i 3 ( Thes. ii 300.1 ). siasair s.¤ eōin i nailt `she sat the seat of a bird on a cliff', Hy. v 1 ( Thes. ii 327 ). díles s.¤ ┐ fhreslige [n-]indi (sc. imdae), Críth G. 234 . iter cerchailli ┐ gaimniu suidi for sitting on, 404 . día s.¤ for deis dé athar ind nim (of Christ), Hib. Min. 323 . is hé in s.¤ itberar doib .i. a mbith cobsaid nemcumscaigthi in hulc (expl. of sedentibus), Trip.² 40 . nicon fordamar s.¤ nó ligi do fir díob `to sit or lie down', Mon. Tall. 85 (162.26) . ? condot rudi sudi n-óg, LU 3529 ( SCC 28 ). cach n-imresain bís isin tig im shudi nó ligi, BDD² 791 . ? lamh ina brollach, no suige accud dia ndama cin apud no cin anudh naile, Laws ii 88.20 Comm . grith s.¤ `the shout of sitting down', Triads 99 . is bean do chloinn etig duine | doní in s.¤ salach (sala, MS. and ZCP xviii 204.30 ), RC xlvii 363 (equated with the `Siege Perilous' of the Grail legend, p. 365 ff . ). leicidh suidhi dhamh let me sit down, ZCP xi 40.z . an sgol nua suil do ní suidhe before the new school sit down, L. Cl. A. B. 201.145 . ag suidhe siar `reclining', TD 25.8 . deireadh suidhte the lowest seat, O'Rah. xxxii 11 . an céd ionad suidhe, Matthew xxiii 6 . Perh. with trans. force in: maith do suidhe dabach mór good at placing great vats (of Cormac mac Cuilennáin), Irish Texts iii 10 § 9 . cāithiugud .i. s.¤ fri cāith .i. a samuil ┐ a chondailg fri cāith placing beside, comparing with (?), Corm. Y 217 .

(b) Extended meanings: M. . . . do shuidhe i n-easpogoideacht Chonneire entered upon the bishopric of C., AFM ii 1018.8 . an smúaintir duine don druing | do shuidhe ós cnuaistreibh Ch.? to rule over, L. Cl. A. B. 268.16 . suidhe i bhfód shealbha a shinnsear, 167.34 . suidhe fa chaislén na deircce dhó `he laid siege to Castlederg', AFM v 1284.14 . rorog fóir fri fir-s.¤ to settle in (?), Metr. Dinds. iv 318.6 . ná duine dá síol . . . | do shuidhe dhíobh 'na dhúthoigh settle, TD 18.24 . cine . . . do ghreamuigh . . . ionadh suidhe dóibh féin `settlement', Keat. ii 895 .

(c) With prep. I and (usually) poss. adj. seated, in a sitting position (as opposed both to standing and lying): ar menmuin ind fir bíis inna suidiu ┐ adreig, Wb. 13a12 . i suidiu when sitting, Críth G. 235 . cach gabal tra i ssuidiu araile hi sesam isamlaid canitir `every (other) division is sung sitting, the next standing', Mon. Tall. 31 (140.4) . fer mór inna sudiu occaib, LU 1750 . co fuarusa hé sin char[n]d | ina sudi mílib arm, 3671 ( SCC 33 ). ┐ iat i n-a s.¤ (of persons), PH 1084 . comeirghe do denumh ime cein beit (beith?) a suidiu, Laws ii 194.13 Comm . glossing ureirge, 2 (see ZCP xv 240 ). sē lā sūas ina suidhi | diá domnaig 'na sīrlaighi `standing up' (of trees), Ériu iii 145 § 26 . maith atá sí ina suidhe | idir fhairrge is fhiodhbhuidhe situated, TD 28.34 . baile ina raibhe comhuirle na hEirin na suighe in session, Rel. Celt. ii 204.37 . a ngar do beith a suighi almost in a sitting position (of sleep), Reg. San. col. xxiii 22 .

With various verbs: atraig C. ina sudi sits up, LU 3330 ( SCC 12 ). co ndesitar in tslúaig inna sudi sat down, LU 8274 ( FB 21 ). deisidh L. ina shuidhe ina lebaid, Sc.M² 9 R . desidar na suidi, RC xxiv 202.2 . gabhaid cách 'ga gcur 'na suidhe `all began to seat themselves', TD 11.24 . [Pedar] ar ar chuir Criosd a Eaglas 'na suidhe founded, Parrth. Anma 98.6 ( Luc. Fid. 53.18 ). cuiris F. scola 'n-a suidhe `established', Keat. ii 79 . do chuiredh chomuirle choguidh na suighe san bhall sin `a council was held', Rel. Celt. ii 180.27 . tarrla benn a bruit fa chois chlí, co tarrla 'na suidhi hé, Comp. CC 90.y . tug 'na suidhe cóig críocha | móid shíotha fhuile Fh. pacified, TD 10.36 . téit Ō. ina s.¤ sits down (goes to his seat?), Sc.M² 10 .

II

(a) seat: atá a s.¤ indisin i nnim gl. in caelo sedes eius, Ml. 30b28 . is tre fhír flathemon fo-gaib cach dān mochto inna shuidiu íarna sáethur `in ihrem Sitz' (i.e. seat of honour), ZCP xi 82 § 24 (cf. 93 § 24 ). ? Of the seat in a chariot: tairsiu isin creit cumachta lasin suidi ngríanda, LU 3892 ( SCC 40 rhet.). batar na mnaa ina suidib for dou na hEmna in their seats, IT i 76.2 . gabais cách a shuidi is tig, BDD² 525 . gabsat na trí Deirg a suidiu, 526 . s.¤ cumang for achad `a narrow seat', Triads 64 . s.¤ fichet co ba secht seating for seven score (descr. of a house), ZCP viii 108.20 .

With qual. gen.: bid fir lāma dergi ina suidedaib apad `red-handed men will be in their abbots' seats', BColm. 62.20 . s.¤ bri[th]emon gl. tribunal, Ardm. 187b1 ( Thes. i 498 ). isint suidhiu brethemon, ZCP xiii 179.4 . im lot do aibinne, Laws i 166.26 .i. do s.¤ dala, 170.15 Comm . (cf. dálshuide s.v. 2 dál). isin tsudiu faire at the look-out post, LU 9057 ( FB 81 ). ina shuidi lēigind, ZCP iii 35.11 . do shuidhe ríogh `thy royal seat' (i.e. palace), TD 20.55 (cf. rígshuide s.v. ríg-). na sudi selca hunting station, LU 9823 . suidhe seilge, DDána 118.24 . ergi as a shudi thigernais throne (of Pilate), PH 2640 . ag folach an tsuidhe thrócaire, Exodus xxv 20 .

(b) seat, posterior, buttocks in phr. with FO: atá íarum ┐ cathaír . . . fo a suidhiu seated in a chair, BDD² 1121 . tri eich derga foa suidib mounted on three red horses, LU 6781 . gabur dubglas fo suidi gach fir, ZCP iv 33.9 . Note also: na héignigh (sic leg.) go laidir do shuigi = nec cogas fortiter anum, Reg. San. col. xxvi 10 .

In nn. loc.: ata sude Patraic i nDumu Selcae, Lat. Lives 29.5 . lodar . . . co suighi Cheit a Līathdruim, ZCP xiii 170.5 .

Compd.: each . . . cona suide-dillait ordha for a muin `saddle-cloth', CCath. 4737 .

trebaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. trebaid or dil.ie/41619
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: treabtha, trebad

v ā (treb)

(a) cultivates, tills, ploughs: céin trebait Hérinn `so long as they till Erin', Metr. Dinds. iii 440.24 . trebad, fodlad `let him plough and distribute,' Ériu iii 98 § 9 . tan ré talcind trebfait iathu Emna, LL 122b36 . ca tír trebhfaither linn fesin, CCath. 604 . ni saethraigem ┐ ní threbam tra, Alex. 856 . rothreabh in n-uir roime `he tilled the soil before him,' TTebe 70 . go dtreabham ar nimh na naomh | it fhearann, a Fhir na ndúl, Dán Dé xxix 30 . treabh m'fhearann le [céacht] an chló (i.e. save me through the cross), DDána 3.27 . dá mbrígh threabhthair ar dtírne | sgríbhne rígh eachraidh Éirne, IGT Decl. ex. 1345 . níor threabh neach an fód fíorghlan | acht gníomhradh each, TD 6.8 . do treabhadh a tóranna `her boundaries ploughed over,' 1.6 . a fhir threabhas an dtulaigh, Measgra D. 67.1 . treabh go tarbhach branar samraidh na subháilceadh, TSh. 6938 . Part. is and dofrith silta foirseo treabtha é do cruthneacht `then it was found ploughed, harrowed and sown with wheat,' IT iii 196.y . do chuireamar gort treabhtha ┐ cladh eadrainn ┐ iad, Ériu i 91.15 . rocoraiged ... iad ... ar tirtib nemthrebtha, H 2.17, 91a17 (= ar tintib nem-trebtha, RC xii 469.6 ). aontroigh ... treabhtha dom ithir ní fhuil, DDána 53.23 .

(b) inhabits, dwells in (with accus. or prep. i n-): ?ni ro threifithe la indliged na mbescna `it could not be settled on account of the illegality of false bescgna' (of land), Laws i 254.7 . genti bidbaid bertar, | ní trebtar ar-rátha `guilty pagans who are carried off, their raths are not dwelt in,' Fél. Prol. 176 . airm irro trebsat mairm (=mairb), LU 3478 . trebsat Herind, 1233 . o sin tra nír threbad Temair Lochra, 1526 . is a clanna notrefitis in congbail sin `their children would inhabit that cloister,' Trip. 80.4 . ceti arbair trebait ann | dond leith tall don talmain ? what companies abide there ? SR 7907 . trebfait echtraind Mag Femen, Metr. Dinds. iii 202.40 . ro threbsat and ó ṡein immach, LL 4a21 . cia no trebaind sund nach than | na[ch] gebaind a thuarastal `though I should dwell here for ever I would not accept his wages,' RC xiv 410.16 . Saxain ná rothrebut hErinn aro áis nách ar éicin, Lat. Lives 35.18 . indissiu damsai | Cenandus ... citne clerig nothrefet Kells ... what clerics will inhabit it, Lism. L. 306.5 . co trebhar tir nimhe `that I may inhabit the heavenly land,' Ériu i 227.5 . an tírse i dtreabhaid Gaoidhil, Aithd. D. 30.22 .

(c) In phrases: trebaid i menmain contemplates, re-solves (?): ro treab ina menmuin righi n-Erenn do búain do Ruaidri `fostered in his spirit [the thought] of striking the kingship of Ireland from Ruaidri,' Expugn. Hib. § 10 . trebaid le devotes one's self to: do threabh le hiathaibh oile, Measgra D. 52.69 . Cf. bean nar threabh le tuinn meanma | cuing ler threabh a tighearna `acts not with swelling pride, she is her Lord's yoke-fellow' ( Ir. Monthly 1930, 662 ), DDána 7.30 . is le humhla ar dtós do threabh `to humility she ever clave,' 21.26 . trebaid tar neglects (?): Muire ó nach treabhann tarainn | leanam uile go hinnill `as Mary neglects us not (?)' ( Ir. Monthly 1929, 555 ), DDána 24.19 .

Vn. trebad.