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ad-suidi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-suidi or dil.ie/579
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: atsuidhim, adsudi, a-t-suidi, a-ta-suidi, -asstai, ad-suidet, ad-suiter, ad-dom-suiter, -astaider, ad-suidetar, adsuighidter, -astaiter, asta, -astad, adsode, a-ta-sode, -astae, -asta, -astat, roastar, -astatais, adsuife, -astaibther, adrosoid, atrosoid, adsaidh, adrodad, -asta, roasta, astide, astaithi, astad, fastód, astaid, fastaid, fostaid, astaigid, fostaigid, fastóid, -astád

v (* ad-suid-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 637 ). Indic. pres. 1 s. atsuidhim, O'Curry 1066 ( H 3.18, 440b ). 2 s. adsudi, Ml. 114c6 . 3 s. a-t-suidi, Sg. 66a20 . a-ta-suidi, 64b3 . -asstai, Ml. 114a19 . 3 pl. ad-suidet, Sg. 4b15 . Pass. sg. ad-suiter. Ml. 68d5 . ad-dom-suiter, Thes. ii 3.33 . -astaider, Sg. 3a4 . Pl. ad-suidetar, ZCP xiii 22.11 . adsuighidter, Laws iv 142.z Comm. 144.2 Comm. -astaiter, i 30.27 . Ipv. 2 s. asta, LU 2983 . 3 s. -astad, Wb. 10d7 . Subj. pres. 2 s. adsode, Wb. 10a9 . a-ta-sode, 10 . -astae, Ml. 55a19 . 3 s. -asta, Ml. 126a6 . 3 pl. -astat, Wb. 29a16 . Pass. sg. with ro: mad roastar , Ériu vii 154 § 3 . Subj. impf. 3 pl. -astatais, Laws iii 2.2 . Fut. 3 s. adsuife, CMT² 30 § 29 n. Pass. s. -astaibther, Laws i 192.4 Comm. Pret. and perf. 3 s. adrosoid, Ml. 97d16 . atrosoid, 39a16 . adsaidh, O'Curry 469 ( H 3.18, 246 ). Pass. sg. adrodad, Laws i 52.3 . = atroadh, O'D. 19 ( H 3.17, col. 397 = CIH v 1897.11 , Contract Law 222 ). Pl. -asta, Lism. L. 2514 . roasta, LL 22122 . Part. astide gl. adpensum, Ml. 20a22 . Vbl. of necess. astaithi, Laws v 286.11 Comm. Vn. astad, fastód.

Later as simple vb. astaid, fastaid, fostaid. Also astaigid (fastaigid, fostaigid). Cf. fostaid, fostaigid. Occas. with long vowel in second syll.: fastóid, LU 2109 . -astád, TTr.² 1141 (see under fostaid). IGT Verbs § 64 , § 80, 106 . See also assoith.

(a) stops, holds back, detains, hinders: nach nastad in cretmech `let the believer not detain him', Wb. 10a7 . ci atasode lat ar écin `though thou keep her with thee perforce', 10a10 . atrosoid gl. (se mali uicisitudine) suspenderit, Ml. 39a16 . ni astaider ┐ ni timmorcar fri slond nintliuchta gl. quae a nullo affectu mentis proficiscitur, Sg. 3a4 . atomsuide serc Dé, IT iii 51 § 95 . adrodad fri less na túad / isin port co bráth it has been detained for the good of the people, Trip.² 786 . asta dinetan fort cind stop a little while, LU 2983 . timchellaid . . . múr . . . ┐ fastóid (astaid, v.l.) anmand inna pectach, LU 2109 ( FA 17 ). coro asta na heonu cen togairad C. so that the birds were prevented from calling to C., LL 22122 . im amus ceneoil do denam de dus i n-astaibther no tuilithe do radh ris to know whether he will be kept or be regarded as an interloper, Laws i 192.4 Comm. dia mbed da clad íme . . . adsuitear leo `he is restrained by them', iv 158.3 Comm. . . . eoin ┐ énluithe Leithi Mogha do thiachtain cuigi isin crainnsin co n-asta uile acasom, Lism. L. 2514 . o samain co medón erraig ro hast ind imguin ultu, RC vi 188.15 . astaid da n-ag dibh he seizes two deer, v 200 § 12 . mad roastar cach mil díb i mbethu lasin merlech if each of these animals be detained alive, Ériu vii 154 § 3 . Intrans: asdofe (gl. no adsuife) ant ór ina broinn 'the gold will stick in his belly', CMT² 30 § 29 .

(b) Legal fixes, makes permanent or legal, binds, establishes: ni astat nadmann in diupairt bonds do not bind such a fraudulent arrangement, ZCP xiii 22.29 ( Bürgschaft 10 ). cenisnasta naidm na raith adasuidhe dliged law establishes them, 24.1 (§ 39). astud cáich hi coruib bel, ar ro buí in biuth i mbailiuth mani astaitis cuir bél if verbal contracts were not binding, ZCP xvi 176 § 6 ( Laws i 40.24 ). man[i] astat cuir bel . . . cia beth dono cuir bel and adsuidet adi, Laws ii 130.2 Comm. atsuiter cuir bél la Feine amuil ad-rodad Adam ina derbdubairt: at-bath in biuth uile ar aenuball `as Adam was bound by his deception' (i.e. the Fall was considered as a contract whereby Adam exchanged the immortality of man for an apple), ZCP xvi 177 § 13 . fosuid cach aititiu adsuidet folaid, Laws iii 10.8 . cona ndilsi feibh as dech atsaitar (no atsuitar) dilsi, Ériu ii 4 n. 46 . atait .x. nailche annscuichthecha atsuidet cach ndilsi, O'Curry 416b ( H 3.18, 229a ). ?adsuighe crích cadesin . . . ar id comarda criche insin that defines a `crích', Laws iv 142.24 . With FRI and FOR: it e trénailche in sin frisa n-astaiter bretha in betha for those are the strong rocks to which the judgements of the world are bound fast (i.e. which support the law), ZCP xvi 175 § 1 ( Laws i 30.27 ). nī nī nach breth berar . . . nad fri hapstal n-uasal n-astaigther (nascaider v.l.) i.e. no judgement is effective unless a holy apostle guarantees it(?), Corm. Y 1224 ( Anecd. iv 106.19 ). adsuidetar tra frisna [na]dmann so ┐ ni diuprat, is de ata adsuidet naidmann ┐ ni diuprat they are held binding (as valid) by these `naidms' but the latter do not guarantee fraud; therefore it is said `naidms' bind but do not cheat, ZCP xiii 22.11 ( Bürgschaft 9 § 25 ). is misech maine astaithur fri som(m)uine n-aircendcha he is entitled to do this when he is not bound by dues already given, ZCP xv 248 § 6 ( Laws ii 210.15 ). Cf. also: at-chíu a chlaideb . . . ina intiuch . . . conid fri crúaid n-aurrdric n-aister, BDD² 1037 . ni asta rudrad rugnassa . . . manab for ailchib udhpart astaiter, O'Curry 2471 (Eg. 88, 38a2). nach breath nad astaiter fors nach aei (i.e. on `fír' and `dliged'), Laws v 10.4 . Note also: atasuidi for sobus íar córus fine `he holds them (viz. the aforesaid dependents) fast to good conduct (i.e. he must see that they fulfil their legal duties)', Críth G. 341 and note. adsuide fis .i. dia festar for nech olc do denamh adsuidhe fiacha(ib) fair it makes him liable to fines, O'Curry 483 ( H 3.18, p. 251 ). cia met i n-astaither cach dib `to what extent each of them is confirmed in his rights', Laws iv 344.8 . Note also: mani astat in da recht peccad foir unless the two laws convict him of sin, Wb. 29a16 . With IN-: atsuidi neutur isnaib anmannaib in es a n-accomol fri neutur i n-immognom `their connexion with a neuter in construction establishes the neuter in the nouns in -es', Sg. 66a20 .

aicbéil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aicbéil or dil.ie/750
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: aicméil, aichbéil, aighmhéil

i also aicméil. With -ch-/-gh- aichbéil, MR 308.20 . aighmhéil, TD 24.10 . See aidbéil.

Adj. with a wide range of pejorative meanings which may be classified approximately as follows.

(a) fierce, severe, harsh: rom-sáerat . . . ar cach n-ammus n-aicmeil (: Aipréil), Fél. 120.z . . . . amais aigmheile easscardemhla, AFM vi 2112.2 . gním aígsech acbeóil, LL 298b50 ( SG 367 ). T. na dtreas n-aigmhéil, DDána 64.34 . ar ndul i gceann a chéile / don dá fhoirinn aigmhéile, 85.16 . gor ba airbe aighbéil anrata iat-sein eturru, MR 140.11 . sharp, acute: dind ḟochaind amnais acbéil, Metr. Dinds. ii 68.42 . tria intliucht n-amnas nacbheil, BB 332a7 . Compar. and superl. mar is . . . ágmaire ┐ is aigbéli ro fédadar, MR 222.24 . aighmhéile, Desid. 4647 . Adv. co hacbéil, LL 244a10 ( TTr. 2025 ).

(b) dangerous, perilous: masa clesa neamaicbeile . . . masa clesa aicbeile, Laws iii 284.22 Comm. cid fodera o rab aicbeil hi cen a dilsi uile? `dangerous', 220.6 Comm. as aigmhéil toghluasacht do theacht uadha sin periculum est ne abortiat , 23 K 42 , 73.17 . do budh aigmeil gortugud . . . na menman timendum est de laesione . . . mentis , O'Gr. Cat. 204.26 . gona aigbeili, TTebe 4519 . sbairn 'na n-aghaidh dob aicmeil it was dangerous to fight against them, Ériu iv 222 § 39 . urchor . . . aighmeil, MR 284.27 . ar armaib . . . aigbeli, Cog. 158.z . aigmhéil dá (do v.l.) bharr / béim súl ar chách ré a chladhfhaicsin (complimenting a lady on her hair), DDána 114.8 .

(c) terrible, awesome: co nderna thúaig n-uathmar n-acbéil . . . de (of Cú Ch.'s distortion), TBC-LL¹ 3804 . sech ifrenn n-ūathmar n-acbē[i]l (: cēin), BColm. 48.9 . sechnon Ēirenn aigbēile, ML² 155 . dol d'argain an ollomhan / . . . / mon ngníomh n-éagosmhail n-aigmhéil `for the unseemly, woeful deed', TD 3.27 . adhnaicit siumh gerbh aiccméil / in gobainn isin aiccen, BNnÉ 65.5 . Of a person: an t-iarrla aghmhor onconta aigmheil `awful', Rel. Celt. ii 260.30 . da congbad a muinter fein / a gesa don naem aigbeil, Fen. 270.14 . Lasair inghean Ronáin réidh / an bhannaomh uásal aigmhéil, Ériu v 80.36 . lucht crúadhaighthe caingneadh réidh / grúamaighthe airrdhean n-aigmhéil, Studies 1919, 256 § 4 .

Compar.: aigmeili lais in ugdar in set do gait a haentig oldas a haenmaigin `the author of the law viewed the stealing of the seds . . . as of greater enormity', Laws i 164.31 Comm. aicbeile don rig a facbail amaich, iii 496.17 Comm.

(d) wretched, despairing: iachtadh aigmeil ┐ gair truagh, RC xxviii 312 § 12 . éagcaoine na n-anam n-aigmhéil, TSh. 6540 . bertaid-si aichni aicbeil for in scel sin ┐ teid a ciall uaithi `she turned a terrified attention to that tale', Aen. 791 . Adv. go haccaointeach aigmhéil, TSh. 4010 .

As subst.: i naicbelib in armuigi amid the horrors of the battle-field, MR 316.19 .

aithairec

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aithairec or dil.ie/2548

 

n ( airec, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 552 ) argument: a.¤ nó thaidbsiu gl. argumentum, Ml. 42b9 . inna aithirciu gl. argumenta, 31a21 . cid ani is airgomanti . . . acute mentis inuentum [.i.] airecc menman aith . . . no aithairecc, Hib. Min. 8.253 . immarcraid . . . d'athairgib, do foclaib ┐ d'analaib do tabairt for aird, O'Curry 1909 ( RIA 23 P 3, 23(21)d ). athairec aile gl. considerate, RC viii 367.27 . samailter na athairci si frisin file, O'Dav. 844 . ? co na cechlaphair-si etir athairic ona conaibh, Anecd. ii 62.18 . Cf. atharc.

codnach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. codnach or dil.ie/9964

 

Forms: codhnach

adj (? cf. codnaib).

I o, ā adult, compos mentis ; sensible, reasonable : clann c.¤ ┐ clann ec.¤ adults and children, Laws iii 402.22 Comm. Compar. is codnaige doib acrudh do dénum they are more competent to plead, Laws ii 66.8 Comm. 12 Comm. is tusu in cor c.¤ , TBC-I¹ 2300 (`the chief hero', TBC-LL² 2703 ). in cú c.¤ , TFerbe 604 . c.¤ cach co feirg `everybody is reasonable', Tec. Corm. 31.13 . Adv. cipi . . . co cobsaid c.¤ , Cog. 156.1 .

n II o, m. codhnach m., IGT § 11 (54.29) , 104 .

(a) In Laws Comm. ` sensible adult ' (Gloss.) (usu. ref. to cond and compounds in text; so freq. also in derivatives): masa codhnach ruc in lenamh . . . istech . . . masa ecodnach, i 178.12 . in fuil icus c.¤ . . . , ┐ nocho n-e fein ro ferustar hi . . . acht druth, v 142.14 . cungnam fri baeth . . . ni icfa in c.¤ , 490.z . cuicthe fri cond cuindegar .i. . . . on codnach i crich, i 80.21 . na codnaigh beraid eric, ii 46.5 . Note also: ni iodhnaig nach codhnach a chrobh i ngrís ima ngenither guirn, Ériu xiii 21.25 , cf. 21.29 . iar diachtain ceille codhnaigh `after he has attained mental maturity', Ériu xvii 68 § 9 gl. 14 . iar tiachtain céille codnaigh dó (a drunk), O'D. 1620 (H.5.15, 14b).

(b) lord, master, chief, leader : fo cen tir dia nad c.¤ / in tí nar tollsgad fele, H.3.18, 767.11. D. Ó B. codhnach Chlann Luirc `captain', Ériu xvi 132 § 4 . ima righuibh ┐ ima codhnachuibh, Lism. L. 3207 . is tú bus c.¤ ┐ bus comairlech dóib `lord and counsellor' (of saint), RC xii 328 § 17 . le coinnlibh creich gcruaidh gcodhnaigh, DDána 113.40 . codhnach cláir nimhe (of Christ), Dán Dé xv 7 . ni aithisfigtheasa codnachu catha, MR 152.21 . ar gcodhnach uile `support,' O'Rah. 114.3 .

fri

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fri or dil.ie/24329
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: frimm, rimm, frim, frím, frium, frimsa, friumsa, frit, fritt, friutt, fritsu, rut, rutt, fris, friss, frissom, f., frie, friae, frise, frie, frinn, rinn, rind, friunn, riund, frind, frinni, raindi, frinnai, frib, frithib, fribsi, friu, friú, friu, friü, frithiu, friithu, friusom, riom, rum, riot, rut, ris, ria, rinn, ruinn, ribh, ruibh, riú, r, frim, frit, fria, friar, fribar, fria, frim, frim, frim, ram, frit, frit, frit, rit, rat, rot, friar, friar, fribar, fribar, fria, fria, fria, re-na, rena, fria, fris(s)a, frisi-, risi-, fris-, ris-, frismbiat, fris-mbruchta, fris, fris, fris, risa, frisin-, frisnid, risnad, ris, fria, frisa, re n-, fria-, re, ra-n-adh, re, re, ré, freisin, FRI

prep. with acc. For etymology see Thurneysen, GOI § 839 , Fraser ZCP viii 37 , J. E. C. Williams, Celtica iii 126 . In later spelling prefixes h- to following initial stressed vowel; does not leníte following consonant (cf. frinna aill, Sg. 45a16 . fri nnach ..., Ml. 75a9 , fri nnech 23c20 ; but fri nech further on in same gloss and regularly elsewhere); the initial s- of the article following fri is preserved. In Middle Irish gradually replaced by the forms RI, RE (already in Ml: oc eregim re Abisolon, 44b4 , cf. fre, 90c27 ); RA (common in some LL texts, see CRR 54 , TBC-LL¹ 499 , 602 , 740 , etc.); rarely RO ( SR 1990 ZCP xiii 204 15 ); FRIA, RIA, RE also common. Hence in Early Mod. Ir. there is occasionally confusion with , RÍA `before', see Bergin's note Stor. Keat. p. xix , and section IX (e) below. Apart from this the latter prep. sometimes replaces FRI after fáilid, fáilte and kindred words (as in Mod. Ir.). On the parallelism of some of the pronominal forms of FRI with those of LA see GOI l.c. (with Translator's n. 178 ). Though FRI still appears in some later texts, especially those of the archaising type, it had become obsolete in the classical language. Its later form (RI, RE) remains down to the end of the Early Mod. period and is recognized by the grammarians as distinct from LE (LA), see IGT, Introd. § 75 , 24 P 8, 194 ( IGT VI , Bard. Synt. Tr. p. 7 ). In the modern spoken lang. it is replaced partly by LE, partly by CHUN (O.-Ir. dochum). For a contrary development cf. Engl. `with,' originally `against,' which has absorbed the functions of A.S. mid `(together) with.'

In development of meaning generally FRI shows a remarkable parallelism with Engl. ` with '; it also agrees with ` against ' in several senses.

Forms: With suff. pron.

sg. 1 frimm St. Paul Codex Thes. ii 298.17 . rimm, IT i 123.24 . frim, SR 1422 , 2049 . LU 5228 . LL 110b26 . frím Ml. 38c19 . frium, Ml. 71b9 . frimsa, Wb. 26d17 . Ml. 33a18 . friumsa, Ml. 127a2a .

2 frit, Wb. 5a31 . 10a29 ; Ml. 103d14 . SR 1425 . fritt LL 93a10 . 249b1 . friutt, PCr. 62b2 (= ḟrit, Sg. 151a3 ). fritsu Ml. 91d8 . 112b8 . rut, SR 2031 IT i 123.15 . rutt, LL 110b27 .

3 m., n. fris, Wb. 14c37 . 15a1 . 22c15 . ACL iii 304 [: [Mael] mis]. (: eisleis). SR 6109. 6317 . ([mēt] anfis) LL 33b21 . friss, Wb. 2c24 . 3c6 . 6a4 . 8a12 . 14d22 ; Ml. 91a21 . frissom Wb. 5d39 .

f.¤ frie, Sg. 72b1 . Ml. 40c15 . 67d15 . friae, 130c9 . Wb. 28a20 . cf. frise, Ml. 74c21 , which Ascoli corrected to frie ( Thes. i 722b ).

pl. 1 frinn, Wb. 4b12 . 17b10 . 19d22 . rinn, Ml. 54a3 . SR 1821 . rind, SR 1905 (: herḟi[o]nd). friunn, Ml. 38d20 . riund TBC-LL¹ 1874 . frind, LL 177b39 . frinni, Wb. 17b32 . 17c5 ; Ml. 32c15 . 93a13 . 106c12 . raindi, BColm. 68.9 . frinnai Ml. 91c9 . 114a8 .

2 frib, Wb. 17b16 . 22d9 . 24d26 . cf. frithib, Ériu iv 162.13 . fribsi, Wb. 14c42 . 17b14 .

3 friu, Wb. 4a10 . 4c37 . 24a4 ; Ml. 54c23 , 72b22 , 110c9 . LL 35a21 (: fiú) friú, Wb. 17b9 . Ml. 74a2 , diss. friu, Hy. V. 54 , cf. friü: at-chiü, ACL iii 294 § 10 ; frithiu, Blathm. 94 § 17 ; friithu, LU 4671 (see further GOI 515 ). friusom, Wb. 20c25 ; Ml. 17c5 , 54c18 ; 26 .

For forms found in later texts see citations below.

In the Early Mod. Grammatical Tracts the forms given are: riom, rum; riot, rut; ris; ria; rinn, ruinn; ribh, ruibh; riú, r, 24 P 8 194 ( Bard. Synt. Tr. p. 7 ).

With following poss. pron.: frim, frit, fria, friar, fribar, fria, e.g. frim ort. Wb. 29d2 . frim peccad, 28a14 . frim foraithmet, Ml. 23d9 ; ram anmain, TBC-LL¹ 3692 (rem St.). frit adrad su, Ml. 136c11 . frit c[h]ele, 70d2 ; frit laim, SR 5854 . rit láim, TBC-LL¹ 3055 . rat láma, 3052 . rot chlaind, SR 2031 . friar corp, Wb. 15c22 . friar fochric, 33a9 ; fribar n-ícc, Wb. 24b3 . fribar pecthu, 13b19 ; fria mbriathra, Wb. 31b30 . In Mid. Ir. the form `fria' is often used for the simple prep., hence occas. fria a = prep. + 3 s. pron. In Early Mod. Ir. 3 s. and pl. form re-na sometimes appears: rena ardnaem, BCC § 12 (see III c below). fria n-a, Fl. Earls 214.4 . Cf. the n- prefixed to poss. after le, ó, tre in Mod. Irish.

With rel. pron.: O. Ir. fris(s)a n ...; Mid. Ir. also frisi-, risi-, fris-, ris-: frismbiat, Sg. 202b3 . fris-mbruchta, Fél. June 21 . fris n-agar, E. 406 . fris-reith, Prolegomena 302 . fris-tarddam, Thes. ii 293.19 . risa n-abar, Acall. 53 , etc. With cop. frisin-, frisnid, risnad ail, LB 257b9 . ris na duthracht 256a44 . fria ndechraiged (= frisa nd.) Sg. 28a14 may be a mistake. In later MSS. the form re n- becomes common: fria-cosmailend, PH 7674 . re ndubairt, 7464 . ra-n-adh KMMisc. 156. 124 . re n-abar, Acall. 1241 , etc. re rāiter, Ériu viii 139.4 . ré raibhe, Keat. ii 4467 , etc.

Composition.

(a) In vn. and prototonic verbal forms, before a vowel, frith-; before a cons. fre-, e.g. frecre, fretech; with syncope of a follg. vowel, fres-, e.g. frescsiu, fresndid, fresndís, fresngabal. In Glosses fri is often used in compos. with a vb. to represent Lat. ob-. Later frith- is used before cons. with or without lenition of following cons.: see frithgnam, frithsét, etc.

(b) In deuterotonic verbal forms fris-; before an infixed pron. in rel. construction frith- or friss-: fritum-chomart-sa (= frith-dum-) Wb. 33a12 ; but friss-idn-oirctis, Ml. 39a20 (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 147 and cf. Strachan's OIPG⁴ ed. Bergin, p. 27 n. 2 ).

SYNOPSIS OF MEANINGS.

N.B.—The classification is perforce somewhat arbitrary as, perhaps in the majority of instances, the meaning could derive from the original sense in I. Cf. J. E. C. Williams Celtica iii 122 ff .

I Of local relations

(a) towards, facing, turned to ;

(b) against (touching; cf. d); alongside, down along, by ;

(c) against (implying violent or hostile action);

(d) next to, at, in contact with (cf. b).

II To express association, along with, beside (both of local and mental relations).

III To express figurative direction

(a) aim, purpose (cf. VI), frequently of function, specific purpose;

(b) after adj. in sense of Lat. gerund or with ad or supine in -u;

(c) to express direction of feelings, behaviour towards (cf. I a);

(d) of prayer, etc. to ;

(e) of opposition to, hostile feeling, attitude towards ;

(f) to express protection, guard, watch against, also limitation, boundary;

(g) in elliptical sentences with these meanings.

IV

(a) after adjs., nouns or verbs expressing resemblance, equality or comparison;

(b) to express difference, distinction from .

V

(a) with respect to, with regard to ;

(b) on account of:

(c) on behalf of ;

(d) according to, in agreement with (cf. II).

VI To denote occasion

(a) with vn. or other abstract after subst. verb or equivalent;

(b) denoting the occasion (event, cause, etc.) on which something takes place.

VII To denote mental subjective attitude, in the opinion of .

VIII

(a) to denote agent;

(b) to denote instrument through, by means of .

IX In expressions of time

(a) in O.-Ir. in locatival sense;

(b) to denote period during which something continues or takes place;

(c) fixing a limit within which something takes place;

(d) of point of time;

(e) used for RIA ` before .'

X In regular or occasional construction with many verbs.

A classified list of the instances in Wb is given by Fraser ZCP viii 37 ff .

I Of local relations

(a) towards, facing, turned to: do rosc frisna nemdaib = looking heavenward SR 1604 . a n-aiged fri Dia facing God LU 2048 ( FA 12 . Cf. III c). a lām chlē fri muir the sea on their left SR 4074 (see lám). do cumlaiset for fairgi ┐ dochorsatar aurlunn fri tir, Corm. Bodl. s.v. prull . bai D. 'sa druim fri fraig D. had his back to the door SR 6053 . is amlaid bai in gilla ┐ a druim fria thigerna, TBC-I¹ 2327 (see druim(m)). Ethne ... fria chossa E. (standing) at his feet (i.e. at the foot of the bed) LU 3300 ( SCC 10 ). Carpre ... 's a hucht ra hág, LL 32b49 (see ucht). a druim re dimsachaib, a des fri deiblenaib, ZCP viii 204 § 26 . an let[h] bis rinne don rē the side of the moon turned towards us ITS xiv 90.19 . fri bun cruche at the foot of the gallows Mon. Tall. § 1 . síl nÁdhuimh ... re sáluibh a senathar at the heels of (i.e. following) Ériu iv 118 § 33 . níor chubaidh tigearna ... d'ḟágbáil re caladh on the beach [i.e. when about to land; perh. fig. cf. beirid i gcaladh brings to safety, see 1 calad] viii 139.23 . dā traig .x. ... a [sic leg.] fot fri dún its length towards the stockade (of the internal slope of an earthen rampart) Laws iv 336.23 . dā dúncladh ... ré dá taebh na clasach along both sides of the fosse CCath. 1747 . ní thurcaibh crand ... cét míle fria taebhaibh within a hundred miles from (lit. towards) its sides Marco P. 11 [cf. the temporal use IX (c)]. See also phrases s.v. agad, ais, enech, gnúis, sáil, taeb, ucht.

This use is regular in Old-Ir. in stating relative position: fri Grecia aniar ... fri Etáil anáir west of Greece ... east of Italy Wb. 6d17 . fri Alpai ndesiu (gl. cisalpina) Sg. 217b8 . frie anall ... frie desiu (gl. ultra ... citra) 71b1 , 2 . fri Ath F.D. desiu, TBC-I¹ 2183 . frie anechtair outside it Ml. 40c15 . fri Pardus amuich outside Paradise SR 111 . ra chuala sa fri hEmain andess I heard it (as I was) to the south of Emain LU 5056 . altoir fri dorus antuaid, SR 4261 [cf. la taeb ind rigthaige aniar, LL 3810 (30a) ]. a mmag fris anair the plain in front of him LL 122a33 . co ndechaid [in gai] triana chend ┐ co ro marb nónbur ris aníar behind him 121a21 . frit aniar, LU 4134 . is e a chorp in taitneamach rit anall the shining one opposite thee RC xxiv 60 . Also fig. : foscichret i crandchor ... fáicebthair Lugaid fris anechtair they will cast lots for it... L. will be left out of the chance RC xiii 444x ( LL 289b8 ). See also s.v. lám (fri l.).

It is doubtful whether: i mbae neach fri hopair immuig BB 362a21 (= Dinds. 20 ) is an instance of this construction; the literal meaning here is was anyone at a work outside ? The Rennes `amuig' is perhaps merely a late spelling.

After verb or vn.: tan turcbad E. a di láim fri Coimdid nime, SR 5085 . suidig do da laim fri ... clasp thy hands (in prayer) to ... 1606 . rosecroth a chend frisin slúag brandished his (severed) head at the host LU 5269 . crothad in chind frisin slóg, 5280 . donnochtat a mbruinni fris bared their bosoms to him 5199 . rochoraig fri tenid he arranged [them] before the fire RC xiii 6.21 . roscóraig gnúis fri gnúis (see gnúis) LU 2046 ( FA 12 ).

Cf. tuídhleach ind óir frisin ngréin the glistening of the gold against the sun BDD 1 . crand airgit ris tatin grían LU 3700 ( SCC 33 ).

(b) against (touching), alongside, down along by: doesetar ┐ a nglūne fri talmain, TBC-I¹ 3164 . éc fri hadart death against a pillow i.e. a natural death Lib. Hymn. i 62.72 (see adart). fri etnu dam ... bátár fedmand la firu Herend = [till then] the loads had been harnessed to the foreheads of the oxen LU 10816 (= Ériu xii 178 ). tennait a n-ette fria curpu press their wings against their sides LU 2281 ( FA 33 ). cf. doimmaircet ind eoin a n-ette friu ┐ a cossa can scibud ette ná cosse co tairic in precept the birds fold their wings, etc. LU 1361 . dosnimthasa i llai a broit fri a bruinde `gathered her to his bosom in the fleece of his cloak' Ériu xii 154y . co tard a druim frisin liic leaned his back against the stone LU 3284 ( SCC 8 ). dossleced fria thoeb he let them (i.e. his arms) fall to his sides SR 5091 = no thimoirced a lama fria thoeb, LB 124b29 (cf. LU 1361 above).

In local sense of attached to or pending from: úathroic ... cona cimais do banór fria having a fringe LU 6421 . beilge óir friu golden bits on them TBFr. § 3 . srian ... fria graig, LU 3649 . Cf. srian do thabairt fria thoil to bridle his passion PH 4990 (see srían). Cf. la I (a).

Here perhaps: i ngialnai fri fraigid in hostage-ship at the wall LU 7015 ; 7295 ( BDD 66 ; 94 ). (of the brazen serpent, Numbers xxi 9 :) turgabar fri crann ... uasin [t]slúag fri sirsellad let it be hung on a pole to be gazed at SR 4163 .

Cf. an carracc ard ar cuiretar ... an Tigerna da teilgen ría sís to cast him down from it Maund. 106 . tuitim sioss re beinn an ailt, Fl. Earls 86z .

(c) against (implying violence or hostility; cf. III e): rop saiget húan fri demnai, Hy i 20 . friu conuccaib ind oub, Hy v 54 . conéracht Glaiss Ch. friu the stream C. rose against them (= to bar the way) LU 5362 . Cf. conocbath in carpat fris ... ┐ concligtis ind h[e]ich fris the chariot would tilt up before him and the horses would spring at him Ériu vi 134.21 . bēim a cinn fri cloich, Ml. 139c3 . beim cind fri hall, LL 225b38 (see benaid). esarcain cind fri hallib, 176b33 . aiges (feras) in tond frisin mbruach, Anecd. i 12.19 (21) . cf. FB 44 , see fri. See also phrases with cúl, druim(m), lám).

(d) next to, at: folt dond fri toind a chind, folt croderg iar n-airmedon, LU 2564 . dond fri toind cind, 6542 . lene de sról ... i custul fri gelcnes ... dó, 6296 . léne ... sita fria gelchnes, 1810 . cona luirigh ... ria cnes ... ┐ lethan sciath fria gualaind, Stair Erc. 1243 . In this use frequent with ais, cnes, taeb.

II To express association, along with, beside (of local or mental relations, cf. V d): ní bí friu hi comasndeis it is not with them in apposition Sg. 212a5 . in tan mbís nihelas do .u. fri .g. when u is silent beside g, 6b11 . nobiad fri femen `it would be [used] with the feminine' 207b2 . ní biat remsuidigthi friu `there are no prepositions with them' 215a5 (cf. biit remsuidigthi ... cen briathra leo ib. 6). See also s.v. comṡuidigud. is tabarthi `bonum est' fri cechtar in da fersa so, Ml. 112d1 . cen tabairt anman trén fríu, 30a9 (see do-beir). ni bai crand dond indsi fri aroile (i.e. the walls were shattered) Anecd. i 2.5 . ar choibnius frisna comaccomla sa, Sg. 203a10 . in oentid fri Crist, Wb. 15a12 . ni ba suair[c] comlepaid no comaentu frissi, TBC-LL¹ 2079 (fris St) In: ni reid bith fris im longud no im ligi, LU 5957 , the meaning may be different; see atá (fri). toeb fri toeb ata in ri is Eocho F. side by side LU 2839 (see taeb). comaitecht re hairdrigh, ZCP viii 116.5 . méraid ra cách a chumne TBC-LL¹ 740 (here perhaps: meraid hua chlaind fri claind Ml. 100b4 ). is frit mo chairde `with Thee is my compact' Fél. Ep. 534 . (see cairde). iar corai fri I. after making a pact with I. SR 5946 . Cf. córe fri Dia, Wb. 2d16 . is core doib fribsi (gl. salutate invicem) 18b19 . bad chore dúib friu, 7b4 ; - 14 (`lit. let it be peace to you towards them' Thes., but the original meaning of córe points to `with' as the sense of the prep. here). Cf. also: biid pax libsi fri cách (gl. cum omnibus hominibus pacem habentes) 5d33 .

Here probably: isi no beired teora pōc fria cach copān ... dō, TBC-I¹ 2218 . Cf. further: hi cocetul fri Eman in unison with Hib. Min. 4.12 . do dlommad E. is A. ... fri gorta, SR 1419 . ara toimlid fri sid sain | toirthi Parduis, 1085 . taed as fri sidh ┐ fri subha `let him go ... in peace and happiness' AFM 979 .

In this sense with verbs of joining, connecting, also occasionally with verbs of motion and in nominal phrases, such as imma llé fri, immaróen fri, see s.v. , óen (cf. Ériu xiv 142 n . ) also cos, taeb.

In: crithnaigset ... immar bocsimin fri sruth the meaning of the prep. is doubtful. curtar a fuigill re sruth ┐ re fairgi `be the remnant cast out to be carried off by the sea-tide' O'Gr. Cat. 182w . Cf. perhaps: Drochet Atha do dhul re sruth `D. was carried away by the flood' ALC i 260.7 , though these may be exx. of the confusion of re (FRI) with le (LA). curcas fri sruth, FB 44 ; `against a stream' Strachan ZCP iii 419 . Cf. Ériu i 194.4 . See 1 téit and la I (d).

Passing into sense in addition to: tris fer friu (gl. te tertium) Sg. 2a5 . cethri chet bliadan ... a noe sechtmogat fri sein, Rawl. 68b31 ( ZCP iii 18 ). Cf. is fri ni dona salmaib dognid a figild, Mon. Tall. § 5 . fris sin moreover, besides , Leb. Gab.(i) i 88.1 . Hugh Roe 114.1 (f. 30b) . Cf. mod. freisin. For a special sense of with see Mon. Tall. cited under V (d).

III To express fig. direction (cf. V a);

(a) aim, purpose, freq. of function, specific purpose: cen nech dim chlaind frim foraithmet to preserve my memory Ml. 23d9 . ce notechtad ilgotha fri inchosc in mrechtraid sin `that it should possess many sounds to express that variety' Sg. 197a11 . ní fris arícht fri slond persine it was not for that it was invented, to signify person ib. (cf. cid arna airecht pronomen ... dia ṡlund, 198b3 ). in bríg frissa ndéntar a saithar sin the value for which that labour is performed Wb. 11a9 . am loor fri cach reit (gl. ego ... dedici, in quibus sum, sufficiens esse) 24b16 . altoir ... | fri loscud n-edpart an altar for burning [ = on which to burn] offerings SR 4162 . dá magh ... do ṡlaidhi ... co rabad do grés fri geilt do ceithrib ┐ fri trebad do daīnib, Ériu xii 150.6 . primepscop ... accu fri huirdned a n-oessa graid, fri coisecrad a n-eclas ┐ fri hanmchairdes do ḟlaithib, etc. Ériu i 218.2 . sechtmoga fer fria cobair to aid them SR 4196 . drong ngilla ... fri timthirecht, 6280 . ra ergitar ... dalemain fri dail, LL 173a27 ( CRR 13 ). mōr salm | fri hindarba plāg-tedmann, BColm. 70.8 . slóged hi crích ... fri indnaide slogid tairse a hosting into a country to delay a hosting (coming) across it Críth G. 511 . fergniae fri forngaire ndoirseo, 591 . In this sense perhaps in: fót fri haltóir, see 1 fót (d). pars de feoil fri foimtin terci as a precaution against scarcity Mon. Tall. § 12 . Here perhaps: dognith Saul intleda ... fri Duaid used to lay snares against D. Ml. 30a3 . techt do Roim ... fri foglaim n-ecnai, Trip.² 241 . roairis re sloind senchasa he remained to relate Ériu iv 152.6 [or remained relating ? See VI (a)]. cid frisi farcbad int id for what end the withe was left LU 4752 (= cid imma ndernad int id, TBC-LL¹ 597 ). cid frisindrolais in cloich why hast thou thrown the stone ? LU 5092 . o tancamair friss `since we have come for it' ( = for that purpose) Fél. 72.24 (cf. inní imo tainic ib. 30 ). co ndernur inní fris tánac LU 4347 . Cf. doluid Saul fri tāirsin David i fus, SR 5959 . lurech imme ... fri cathugud, SR 5757 . treb Leue ... immon eclais fria immarchur, 4883 . docúaidh B. frissan umaloitt sin gusin muilenn `on that service' BNnÉ 26 § 19 . téit féin re toisc ┐ re túrus a crichaib na hEspáine on business CCath. 1806 , cf. do chuaidh gach aon rea dtoisgibh ┐ rea dturasaibh féin, ML 26x (= le tosgaib fein, ML² 347 ). The follg. perhaps are elliptical: the idea represented is anticipating, forestalling: dogniad pars de feoil fre terci do t[h]ecmong = as a provision against the occurrence of scarcity Mon. Tall. § 12 . do na .u. gaiscedaib dec no bitís ... hi tegluch C. fri maidm n-airm no fri gabáil ngasced do neoch LU 5046 . Cf. Fél. Nov. 14 cited VI b.

(b) after adjs. in sense of Lat. gerund with ad or supine in -u: leiscc .i. fri fognam, Wb. 31b23 . conid mesc fria rim so that it is confusing to count it LU 4794 . ba gnim ṅdangen fri himluad, SR 7229 . ingnad fria innisin, LU 2074 ( FA 15 ). adhbal rea n-innisi prodigious to recount ZCP viii 204 § 26 . cenco beth ... and acht C. ba lór fri immarbaig, LL 107a19 ( Ériu iv 28 ). lia iná rúainne ... re n-áireamh, IGT, Decl. ex. 1201 . Cf. atait ... re a ttaispenadh go follus are plainly to be seen Fl. Earls 50.12 . In this use modern Irish has le (LA).

(c) to express direction of feelings; behaviour towards, after nouns or adjs., both of persons and things (cf. I a and V a): conroib deserc leu fri cách, Wb. 26d22 . fáilte fri noíbu, 7b2 (see fáilte). ar formut fribsi, 12c29 (see format and formtech). ropat ḟáilti frimsa, Fél. Dec. 18 (see fáilid). hissel fri hard, sleman fri garb, ZCP iii 447z . anmne fri fochaidi, 449.15 (see ainmne). mailli fri cloc slowness at (answering) the bell ib. 21 . dána fri tōla tromsluaig daring in face of an army SR 5778 . uair ná dernsam huimli fri forngaire, 1854 . ar gart friu for generosity to them ZCP viii 313.12 . créd nach frim atā a maithe ? why is not their bounty bestowed on me ? ACL iii 296 § 38 . ní ar maith friu it is not for their good Wb. 4b37 . ar ulc friu, Ml. 72b22 . tar aesi n-uilc huai[m] se friusom, 74a2 (see also s.v. maith, olc). bad chert do cluchi frim play fair with me LU 5228 . ar ngabáil bāide ... dō rena ardnaem having conceived affection for his high saint BCC § 12 . lére duit frí ríg ngréne ┐ réde fri doíni, Ériu i 193 . is buide linn frib (gl. rogamus vos) Wb. 25a39 (see 2 buide). is maith robai Dia rind, SR 1905 . ní maith ro mbátar frim they have not treated me well LU 4891 . Cf. is maith ro ngabus fritt, TBFr. § 11 . bad faitig frisin foirin sin (gl. observate eos) Wb. 24a23 (see faitech). bid cennuis a gnuis risin lucht ra-nadh (= frisndid) rathmar to whom he is gracious KMMisc. 156.124 . in maith frit menma ind airdríg whether the king is well-disposed to thee SR 6114 . ba fearr di frib menma bar mathar, RC xxiv 56 ( YBL 206a47 ). Cf. is beite duit menma fris `thou must take heed of him' Ériu xii 176.16 . Similarly in expressions like: do-gní maith (trócaire, etc.) fri (see do-gní). nech no comaildfed fir fer frimb uime RC xiii 29.6 .

(d) of prayer, etc. to: irnigde fri Dia, Wb. 4d18 . cf. abstanait fri Dia, PH 4988 . ro throiscset ... fri Dia im a ḟurtacht, 7258 (see troiscid). im aīne fri Dia cora faillsigthi dō ... fasting towards God, that ... might be revealed to him Ériu v 120.12 . Similarly: frit, a rí ..., mo dēr | conom thī ... Mīchēl, SR 2091 . co ndēraib frisin coimdid, PH 6292 . (cf. use with ad-teich). cossoít a thuaithe fri Dia, Wb. 5a23 (see cosaít). Here, perhaps, should come such expressions as the following: ar Christ frit, aithirigh pēin dam, Cáin Ad. 13 . ar do chubus riut, a ingen, crét tuc ort ?, Acall. 6012 . ar bar cubus rib..., crét..., 5476 . ar fir do chubais riut..., 5824 . cf. 4544 . ar t'ḟírinne riutsa, nā furáil, CCath. 1659 .

(e) of hostile feeling, attitude, conduct towards: fri aicned contrary to nature Wb. 2c25 . ba fri aicned ... in talam ... do indluch, Ml. 129d8 . frisin n-uall (gl. adversum inflationem mentis ) 68c1 . trifar pecthu fri Dia through your sins against God 115b8 . Common after verbs of opposing, hindering, fighting: hóre nád comeicnigther nech fri toil no one is constrained against [his] will Wb. 28b1 . tuidecht fri toil Dé resistance to God's will 4c23 (see do-tét). cf. o dorala ... | frim thala mac I. | duit ... | niba céle SR 6014 , where opposition seems implied despite the similar phrase cited below under V (d). soud a gnuso fri nech frisa mbi ferc do (gl. ne auertas [faciem tuam] a me Ml. 47d8 (`to turn his countenance from one against whom he cherishes anger' Thes., but surely `fri nech' here must also mean either against ... or towards ... ? See soïd). fergach fris Fíadu, SR 6837 . iar ndebaid do fri Duid, 6994 . na cathaig frim do not contend with me 2877 . ni sirsan do Ch. a n-imned i tá a óenur fri firu Herend not happy for C is the trouble in which he is, alone against the men of E. LU 5995 . Cf. do thoitim fria Cu | ba dirsan sad that thou shouldst fall by [ = fighting against] C. (?) TBC-I¹ 2715 (see also III g). Mairg fris ticfa a ḟerg ... Mairg ticfa re cert, Fen. 200 (see do-icc). ar bruc fris `in displeasure at him' Mon. Tall. § 58 . namthi garga fri sluagh nA., ACL iii 297 § 55 . atat frim hi cotarsnai, SR 1520 . Cf. ni bia th'anim fri fugall | ind ríg hí laithiú brótho, Ériu i 196 § 13a . With adj.: cotarsne fri Dia, Wb. 26a18 . is torcda ┐ is díchéill notaí frim, LU 10831 (= Ériu xii 172 ). is bairnech mo menma frit, LU 10832 (= ib.). is tromda atai rim, RC vi 183.13 . olc roba rim, Ériu v 208.8 (see III c). Here perhaps: tromde ... ro buí frisim ind chaillech oc atach Dé, Mon. Tall. § 7 (= do bhí sí roliosda ar Dh., Rule of Tallaght § 41 ). But cf. VII below.

(f) To express protection, guard, defence, watch against: gabthe dūnad les fris, Ml. 55c1 . inna cathrach conrotacht la Duaid fri Ebustu, 48d27 . múr trén ... fri dóini, fri demnai, Fél. Ep. 152 . tocuiriur etrum ... inna huli nert so fri cech nert n-amnas in ..., Hy vii 49 . cor gabad Sinann friu the Shannon was held (defended) against them RC xviii 10.28 . gébtaít ar tír frind, LU 4634 (see gaibid). iadad Caisil frim eochu the closing of C. to my horses Anecd. iii 63.4 . cóir duit arechus ri siút, TBC-LL¹ 1280 (aire do tabairt fri ... St; see 1 aire). Dia lem fri cech snīomh, Ériu iv 236 . Crist credal fri demnaib, ACL iii 221.12 . dín ... re holcaib, ZCP viii 202.18 . Of limitation, boundary: nā bí crích la nech fri peccad that no one sets a limit to sin Ériu i 218.9 . Cf. samaiges crích fri aidchi, Hy ii 55 , corresp. to contra noctem terminum pones, Ardm. 8a1 . See also s.v. inillius.

(g) In elliptical sentt.: leic ... in fognam, ol se; ni lamaim, ol sī, frisin rigain = I dare not disobey the Queen RC xxiv 192 (but perh. FRI here = because of; see V b ). ro an ... ina aenar ru remained alone to oppose them ZCP vi 56.31 . rofetursa a n-as maith dúib fris I know a good way for you to deal with him LU 5934 . tarmairt mo Dia dil frisin tuaid ... a cor fo leittreib lethglenn = my dear God had well nigh (in His resentment) against them cast them down ... SR 4718 . Cf. lām fri idal to renounce idolatry SR 4845 (see lám).

IV

(a) after adjs. and nouns denoting resemblance or equality (esp. those compounded with com-) and vbs. of resembling or comparing: cosmil fri cethir (gl. animalis) Wb. 8b14 . cutrummus fri Dia, 17c8 . i cutrummus fribsi 17b14 . ɔodernain hi cutrummus frim cheliu `to do like my fellows' PCr. 2a2 . (pariter) fri, Sg. 77a2 . i tomus fri nech Wb. 17b11 . intamail ... fri nech, Ml. 22c1 . cen a chondelg fri nech, Sg. 42a6 . cosmaili tuisil `sui' fri tuisliu `ego' ┐ `tu', 200a12 . (similiter) fri, 203a5 . cf. (eandem significationem habens) .i. fri `cum', 218a1 . diatā oenḟolaid ... frissin Athair, PH 177 . ba cudruma re core mōr é, RC xviii 183 . ni caithedh acht coibeis fri gach manach he used to eat only as much as any other monk BNnÉ 300 § 3 . nir chumma nech ris im chath, Metr. Dinds. iv 344 . ru boí i comré ri Cormac, LL 3796 (30a) . i comhrē ris coeval with him Moling 4 . rogheanair i n-aenuair fria was born at the same time as she BB 406bz (= Dinds. 111 ). Cf. IX (b).

Replacing O. Ir. construction with equative: comdhub fri hec, Thr. Ir. Gl. 36 (prull) = duibidir éc, Corm. Y 1059 . Bodl. comard fri fid, Ériu iv 138.26 . meidithir fria hasal as big as an ass Marco P. 10 . corbo chomfota frisin sroin LU 6472 .

See also verbs and adjs. of comparison, e.g. 1 do-ella, samlaithir, in-samlathar; cosmail, 2 cutrummae, etc.

(b) to express difference, distinction from : frissaní immeraidtis (gl. longe aliud) Ml. 61c12 . sain fri .c. `different to c' Sg. 6b7 . do dechor fri praenomna aili, 28a13 . huare nád deligedar fri praenomen , 28a15 . do dechrugud persine fri alaili, 202a4 . is allail pronomen aní sin fri `sui' (gl. `is' aliud pronomen...) 209b10 . (differentia) fri, 213b15 , gl. contra 214b4 . Cf. nipo choím less frinn He was not dear to Him compared to us (?) Wb. 4b12 [Fraser l.c. suggests this rendering, ZCP viii 41 n . `in our case (?),' Thes.].

See s.v. 1 dechor, dechraigidir, deiligidir and other words of similar meaning.

V

(a) with respect to, with regard to (cf. III c) : is sain fri cath sain fri scor different for battle, different for unyoking (of trumpet-call) Wb. 12c46 . idain fri cach réit faithful as to 31c13 . cen chinaid n-uaim fri nech, Ml. 54d16 (see cin). nach é Dia is ciontach riú is to blame for them TSh. 10499 . as eola fri aidgne ind Athar, Wb. 19d9 . it maithi a arilti frib `He deserves well of you' (`literally good are his merits as to you' Thes.) Wb. 16c11 . airle Dé fri Herind, LL 49b13 ( Hail Brigit § 2 ). .iiii. seóit a dire ... is fechem is fiadnaisi friu `four seds are his `dire'-fine ... he is a suitor and witness for them' (i.e. he is liable to that extent) Laws iv 308.2 ( Críth G. 138 ). is amlaid in t-athair frisin mac ngor; ... nimtha in t-athair frisin mac n-ingor thus the father acts with regard to the dutiful son; ... not so with regard to the undutiful one Laws iii 56. 22 ; z 0 . ba fria as-breth: cruth cách co hÉtaín 'of her was it said, 'every woman is fair till compared with Étaín'' BDD 43-44 , Celtica xv 57 . 'fer hi lorcc so,' ol in fer deginuch fri Nero 'a man is following us,' said the last man with regard to Nera RC x 216.48 . conidh ed isberdís cách fris, Cóir Anm. ii § 150 .

Cf. further: crādiis Ultu fri Cethirnd guin Fécc the slaying of F. imbittered the U. against C., ZCP viii 305.32 . ferdha a cathuibh iat, ar is friu ronnaltadh oc imairecc fria geinnti, Marco P. 189 . ro alt ... ind ingen co digrais fri légend ┐ gaís, LL 279a47 ( SG 413 ). Possibly the last two exx. belong rather to III (a), also : is me is cintach fris ni he is cintach frim, BB 479b14 (see cintach). See also : a lleth fri, s.v. leth.

(b) on account of (cf. VI b) : ro lega in snechta ... fri meit brotha in miled, LU 5858 . ba lond F. friside (-suidi), RC xxvi 12 § ix . saeth mār fri luga dige great distress from [?] lack of drink Fianaig. 12 § 20 . cid mís no bheinn gun ríg thess | ro-fess ná bíad mo scís fris, ACL iii 304.20 . ní ḟaicim-si ... ni rís budh choir t'obadh for which it were right to refuse thee Ériu iii 154.5 . atchess ... na haīble tened ... uasachind re fiuchud na ferge, LU 6466 . ba mertnech Moisi fri hilchaingni ... fri orddugugd cāich fo mām, SR 4542 . batar toirsech fri Moisi, 3886 (in these two exx. fri = oc of prose LB 122a etc.). féimdid sim imt[h]echt fri scíss he cannot go on from weariness BColm. 94.16 . ni ro chotail C. fri himṡním, LB 274a55 . ni faict[h]e ise fri feidm a léiginn she used not be seen because of her duty of study ACL iii 308 VI 13 . Cf. la III a.

(c) on behalf of: aitchitt an C. ris comad he noberad, etc. they beseech the Lord for him that it might be he BColm. 98.15 . dogníther airnaigthi frisin ríg co nambed fot saegail do, MacCongl. 59.23 . ica cantain fria Cianoig chanting (a prayer) for C. ZCP vii 308.7 . Cf. also : ata mo briathar ┐ mo comairghi fria ar Tuatha D., Ériu xii 152.9 . o doratsat briathair fris, CCath. 1236 . in tī bes rí is fris beimmi, ZCP viii 316.3 . See do-beir, gell, and ráith.

(d) according to ; in agreement with, with pers. somet. = in obedience to: ni ni nach breith nā bi fri canoin cumtastar [sic leg.] no judgement is valid that is not framed according to the canon Corm. Y 1224 . cf. manib fri fasach fuirmider, Ériu xii 199.23 . fri mes airechta adrimter, Laws iv 298.25 ( Críth G. 22 ). fri saltair nogebad ... a salmu by the psalter (i.e. with the psalter before him), Mon. Tall. § 39 , cf. ni lugae mbis ind menme hisin cheill dia gabail ind tsailm de memur indas cid fri saltair ib.). fosernd clothri Connacht ... fri senchus ... fri buaid ┐ breatha in conformity with (the claims of) pedigree, with prowess and legal decision ZCP viii 108.10 = Ériu v 234 . bid som iarum fria toil (= they will be able to do as they like) Mon. Tall. § 35 (= go mbid ... aca ara ttoil fein, Rule of Tallaght § 35 ). fri tala ind rig ... domrala I am about the king's business SR 6187 (Rex praecepit mihi 1 Reg. xxi 2 ). cia ro delb fria thuil a ndath who coloured them to please himself (?) SR 7675 . For FRI TOIL in a different sense, see III (e). Cf. nitattorbi fri toil Dé (gl. non omnia expediunt 1 Corinth. x 22 ) `against God's will' Thes., Wb. 11b 17a . Also : ind tí dogní ní do maith fria menmain fadesin ... ar ind bo neoch gabti he who does a good thing in accordance with his own inclination ... should openly proclaim it Mon. Tall. § 21 (= chuirios ní maith ... do dheunamh uaidhe fein, Rule of Tallaght 71 ).

VI

(a) with vn. or other abstract after subst. vb. or equivalent = to be at, engaged in or about to engage in (some occupation, process ; cf. III a) : in tinscanfam .i. in biam fris (gl. incipimus ... commendare ?) Wb. 15a1 . ní uisse do mug Dae buith fri debuid to be at strife 30b26 . cf. ní bethe fria acre, 9c20 . ni piam fri aithirgi, 30b17 . ni biat som fria togais adi (= non fallacia ad quoscumque loquuntur) Ml. 31a17 . cechtar nathar fria saindān `each ... at his special art' Thes. ii 293.14 . feib donrala fri comrad, SR 1214 . indí ... bíte fri tnúith `those that are given to lust' Mon. Tall. § 11 . nebbuith fri éthech not to be lying Ériu ii 64 § 6 . céin bete fri soíthar while they shall be at work Fél. Ep. 298 . in tan natbi fri frestal na n-anmand when he is not attending to LB 110b43 (cf. SR 1199 ). ní mo chean ... tarrla re freastal ... na fairrgi sin, CF 42 . amail do beith se re goibhnecht ríam as if he had always been at smith's work BCC § 92 . na saoithe do bhí re seanchus, Keat. i 74 . cuirim suas don ghrádh, | ní fiú é bheith ris, Dánta Gr. xiv 3 . Cf. boí a ben fri idna in travail LU 105.86 (see 1 idu). Similarly without subst. vb. : nachitochthad fria choscc `let him not wear thee out in admonishing him' Wb. 31d11 . conus tarttsat fria ttoghairm chuca an lucht they set about calling the people Hugh Roe § 8 . Cf. airfitech re tetaib, ACL iii 223.23 (= Keat. ii 5358 ). dias fri cerdacht, SR 190 (perh. III a). dá mbeinn re héagnach `had I purposed to revile' Content. v 7 (cf. le hóradh bhriat[h]ar da mbeinn, Ó Héodhusa 4 ). In class. lang. `re' is used with vn. to express futurity : an chathair atá ré teacht ( = civitatem futuram) TSh. 2751 . i n-oirchill na n-olc bhíos ré tuirling orra, 532 .

(b) denoting the occasion (event, cause, etc.) on or from which something takes place (some of the exx. could be explained as extensions of other uses (cf. V b ; IX a) ; often the construction is elliptical) : gaibed cach a greimm ... | fria brethir in primsacairt, SR 4400 . ba huisse soillse fri éitsecht na noeb at the death Hy ii 60 . Cf. co mbidis i nd-aenmaigin fria n-ég, Corm. Y 1233 (fri héc LB. ria n-ec LL 179b ). fri gein Críst ... tindscan lechsa léri, Fél. Nov. 14 (cf. III a). ro eirgis fri breithir Isu, PH 2780 . ret[h]it daim ... ri dorddan na damgaire, Ériu vii 2 § 1 . phreab as G. risan gair, Ériu i 18.33 . ac cantain cheóil ... fris coteltais Síl Adaim, LL 3305 ( Ériu xiv 156 ).

VII To denote mental subjective attitude, in the opinion of (cf. similar use of Lat. apud, and see la) : ni cumdabairt fri Cirine is tre metur Jerome does not doubt Hib. Min. 6.187 . nad maith fri C. ciasperthar ..., 7.235 . frithir frisin mac i n-ebras riss, Ériu vii 225 ( LL 209a16 ). ba bind fri cach na canaind, LU 1301 (`sweet to all was what I said' Imr. Brain ii 298 . But this may be ex. of : canaid fri). bid inmain fria cách a ainm loved of all PH 4299 . ba hingnad mor frisin popul sin, 2959 . ba mo a grad fri Gargán oldait a uli cethra G. loved him more than all his cattle 7178 . Cf. Mon. Tall. § 7 cited under III (e) where the meaning seems different. gurbh annsa ré hEóin Críost ioná ré Peadar Christ was dearer to John than to Peter TSh. 10327 .

VIII

(a) to denote agent (a late use, mostly in texts in artificial style). ar na bennughadh fri sanctuss Silvester consecrated by Fl. Earls 196.19 . laech ... frisimbia mo thiglecht (= who will cause my death) Metr. Dinds. iv 360 (but perh. this is ellipt. and belongs to III (e) ; cf. TBC2 cited there). romarbtha na maithe ... frisna crechairib LB 154a63 . in lucht frisa tucad in digal .i. Uespiam ┐ Titus ib. 16 . Constantiana ... .i. eclas rocúmdaiged fri Constantin 157b48 . Of parenthood : trī meic Medba fri Fergus, Corp. Gen. 279.33 . sē meic do Mīlidh fri Scota ┐ dā mac frisin nEspānaig 'Míl had six sons of Scota, and two sons of the Spanish woman', ITS xliv 64 § 424 . do chomthusmed clainni fri hA. to have children by A., Alex. 512 .

(b) to denote instrument, through, by means of, by dint of (cf. similar uses of Engl. `with') : sénais Brigit fria bachaill with her crozier Hy v 58 T = lia F. fria noebainm ... séntae cech slóg subach by [or at ?] his holy name every happy host was sained Fél. Prol. 99 . ícaid [Tipra C.] gallrae ... fri troscud aici, BColm. 52.15 . argain fri daigid (destroying by fire LL 107a21 ( Ériu iv 28 ), cf. multi nobiles ceciderunt ... fri daigidh ro horta uile, AU 900 (see RIA Dict. s.v. daig). go nach deachaidh neach re siúbhal ... as no one escaped by flight ML 88.31 . re dán nglas ... dán breaghdha do bhréagnachadh with a simple poem to refute an elaborate one Content. vii 13 . ro ēirigh fri nert seoin ┐ solaid, Moling § 4 (possibly = with here cf. dol ar fairrge ... ré cóir na gaoithe = with a favourable wind ML 36z = le ML² 466 . cuir me ... chum seoil ... re cóir ghloin, Measgra D. 48.16 ).

IX In expressions of time :—

(a) in O. Ir. in locatival sense in phrase : fri dē by day, in the day-time Ml. 121d8 . Wb. 6a30 . fri dei, 9a5 , 24d14 , 26b17 . Cf. in gabail fri dei ... in gabail cech ráithi a catch (of fish) daily (?) Trip. 250.14 (2950) . fri díe, Mon. Tall. § 55 . fri haidchi by night Trip. 208.25 (2452) . gl. contra noctem Lat. Lives 18 . re lá, Ériu iii 148 § 3 . arna imbreth ... i n-aidchi cía nosgonad fri dé, LU 5609 .

(b) usually to denote period during which something continues or takes place : 'na fuair frisna secht ṁbliadnaib SR 3394 . fri a n-aimsir in their time Laws iv 210.28 . niro chotail C. frisin ré sin, LU 6337 . fria ré hi fut a saegail for their lifetime SR 5932 . bai cocad mor etarro fri re ciana RC xxiv 186 . batar ... fri re secht la amlaid sin, ACL iii 225.1 . conosrala for sechrán fri re bliadna co lleith, LU 1279 . bá-sa i Tul T. fri ré inna dílenn, Ériu iv 144y . maith graig dorat damh rem lá in my day ACL iii 304.23 . D. ba talchar fria ré in his day Metr. Dinds. ii 40 . dorumaltsa ... m'aimsir fri hamsir Nemid, LU 1276 . nir siubhuil in conuir-so re bliadhain aenridiri for a year past ZCP vi 104 z.

(c) fixing a limit within which something takes place : ni ba marb-sa fri sin I shall not die before that ZCP i 105.4 (co sin v.l.). Cf. also the locative use in Marco P. 11 cited I (a). tanic ... uidi na .xii. mís fri .xii. laa made the twelve months' journey in twelve days LB 139a31 . icuis fri teorai nomaidhe within thrice nine days RC xii 66x . nos ithend ... friha brathad sula in the twinkling of an eye LU 1895 ( RC x 56 ; fri b. v.l.) do imredar ... re trí lá, ┐ ní ruc G. énchluichi rissin, Acall. 1348 .

(d) of point of time ; in some cases approaching VI (b) above. fri dead n-aissi, SR 2829 . in tan nadbi fri húair i fos | frithalmi when he is not here at the hour of attending ... 1199 (cf. LB 110b43 cited under VI (a) above). cech dūil ... rosdelb fri oenuair, SR 7864 (similarly 7234 , 7386 ). grend Muman ... grend Connacht ... ra hóen-úair at the same time Ériu i 130.36 ( LL 46b ). buaidh ... damh fri deiredh mo ṡaoghail, ACL iii 231.1 . ra dered flatha Domnaill, LL 185a48 ( Arch. Hib. ii 85 ) = Rawl. 154a52 . Rí dorat na deich plāga | forthu fri huair combāga, SR 3942 . ? cid fri geld bāis nobeth `though he were at the point of death.' Mon. Tall. § 48 (see gell). re húair nfaicsiona at the time of looking RC xxix 128.13 . fri huair tacrai do ghníma, Ériu ii 228.7 .

(e) in follg. exx. perhaps used for ria before: na buidne ... robatar fria Crist...rofhogain don Choimdid fria tuidecht soscela (= turbae quae praecedebant ... ante evangelium) PH 4573 . dorad som a cuibidil fria mbass made his confession before death RC xviii 53.19 . Cf. co ro muid fri maccu Israel, LB 122b47 = re, YBL 293b40 (corresp. to mebaid remib SR 4765 ).

(f) In later lang., 3 s. ris occurs as adv. bare, exposed, uncovered : mar do leig ris a n-aoinfheacht 'how it left [her] uncovered at once' Duan. F. ii 332 § 9 , Éigse ix 228 . do theilg Ercuill a bhrat de ┐ ro leig a lorg ┐ in croicenn leomainn ro buí re cnes ris, ITS xxxviii 997 (Stair Ercuil) . chonarcadar a ccroicinn go coirtighthi buídhe ris, Smaointe B. Chr. 150 . ó bhí mo chroiceann-sa nochtuighthe síos reis, 160 . cia d’innis doit-se a bheith nochtuighthe síos reis (leis, v.l.), 161 . See also la VI (d), léicid.

X In regular or occasional construction with many verbs (and nouns of cognate meaning with them), e.g., those of speaking, addressing, boasting, complaining, asking, thanking ; meeting, touching, striking, rubbing, grinding ; listening ; waiting, expecting ; entrusting ; co-operating, associating, helping ; visiting ; resembling, comparing, differing ; parting, severing (from) ; doing (something to), acting (towards), giving, distributing, apportioning ; requiting, paying, selling ; refusing, rejecting, denying ; hindering, restricting, opposing, combating, etc. See especially : ad-cosnai, ad-gair, ad-teich, ad-tluichethar (attlugud), aigid, 1 anaid, ar-báigi, as-beir, benaid, beirid, 1 caithid, canaid, 1 cingid, comalnaithir, 1 con-clich, con-delca, con-gní, con-ricc, con-sní, con-túaisi, crenaid, dálaid, dlomaid, do-beir, do-gní, do-icc, do-rogaib, do-slí (tuillem buide fri), do-sluindi (diúltad), do-tét, dúnaid, 2 erbaid, fáiltigid(ir), feraid, fo-gella (2 fuiglid), fo-rig, fris-oirg, fris-tairissethar, fris-taít, gaibid (fris-gaib), gellaid, íadaid, 1 íccaid, imm-beir, imm-fogni, imm-fresna, in-samlathar, in-túaisi (éistid), labraithir (labraid), laigid, 1 ligid, lingid, 1 luigid, meilid (con-meil), naiscid, ráidid (ol, ar), rannaid, renaid, saethraigidir, scaraid (and compds.), soïd (do-soí), 1 téit, tongaid.

glecc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. glecc or dil.ie/26022

 

Forms: gleic, gleic, gle(a)c, gleice, gleaca

n ā, f. n s. also gleic (acc. to IGT Decl. § 42 : n s. gleic, gle(a)c being `lochdach,' see ex. 1160 ; g s. gleice, gleaca) wrestling, a struggle, a contest: co tarat a di laim imma brágit co ragaib etorro oc gleic, LU 8460 ( FB 31 ). co tarrla etarra ... ar imrusgail gur ḟeradar gleic ferrdha, Ériu iii 166 § 23 . rocuirset gleic imrascala, Cog. 196.7 . go factis gleicc na tarb, TBC-LL¹ 6122 . Cf. Dinds. 66 . Amargin ba garg a glecc, RC xxiii 306.11 . ba calma a ghleac, Todd Nenn. 282.85 . ri gleic ┐ ri gliaid, RC xiv 410.y . cuirit gleic they join strife, Metr. Dinds. iii 176.119 . Cog. 194.31 . coro fersatar gleic dia n-itib frisin loch `they smote the lake with their wings' (of birds), Dinds. 68 ( RC xv ). co ndernsat gleicc, LL 160a45 . lótar ... do gleic fri nert Máthai, Metr. Dinds. ii 24.81 . dia marbhthar do ghaíbh nó 'n-gleic `in battle' (imgleic v.l.), Leb. Cert. 108.11 . co ngleic glanda gelcharat a friendly contest, ZCP xii 377 § 2 . a seitrigthe gleaca .i. a cuir his struggles of wrestling i.e. his twists, CCath. 2956 . foccrais cor gleaca fair, 2938 . tar eis gleaca Ercail ... ┐ Antei, MR 258.1 . in ēol duit in glecc (sic leg.) co ngail | ro mudaig Art ?, ZCP xiii 5 § 21 . tairg ... | gleic re hesomhla th' aignid `try ... to make head against the turbulence...,' O'Gr. Cat. 458.x . reacht oile im ballaibh ag gleic ré reacht mh'intinne (= repugnantem legi mentis , Romans vii 23 ), TSh. 2101 . gleic leinibh is laoich luinn (of an unequal contest), Content. xxv § 11 . g p. tar éis a ghona 's a ghlecc, Anecd. i 36 § 92 . cu ṅgnim glecc, MU 22.29 . d p. glún re gleacaibh, Ó Bruad. iii 80.12 .

imlúad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imlúad or dil.ie/27629

 

Forms: imluaide, imlúate

n o, m. (g s. imluaide also found, Laws v 334.20 Comm. imlúate, RC xiv 420.2 ) act of setting in motion (in various significations). In Ml. gl. agitatio.

(a) act of stirring up, stirring, moving, setting in motion (trans.): línanarta gela ┐ goeth oca nimluad, RC ii 394.5 . Eas Rúaid ... | cén beit eicne 'ga imlúad as long as salmon are stirring it, Ériu iv 150.28 . rí rofaed inn-angel n-uag | ba gnim ṅdangen fri himluad, SR 7230. i.¤ ┐ comtocbail in cogaidh moir, CCath. 1169. imluadh catha eter rigaibh `to foster battle between kings,' Aen. 1683. ainesccaidh la neach imlúadh a lam docom in cat[h]a sin, CCath. 5589. d'imluadh a rethedh toghla `to impel battering rams,' 655 . in ni uil ac i.¤ an muilind, Laws iii 280.16 Comm. aca i.¤ sis ocus suas, 202.23 Comm. in duine teched sechu dobertis essidhe i cliabh ... ┐ a imluadh tar an allt, Lism. L. 4834. a n-inad a imluaidh o a tigh, RC xliii 54.9 . d'imluadh ┐ do choimhthreōrugadh in naemhshēpēil, Fl. Earls 124.17 . ro indsidar ... gur ceannaighchi ... iat ro buí ic imluadh a cennaighechta ` hawking ,' Stair Erc. 225.

(b) act of moving, moving about (intrans.); movement, activity, exertion: ri dorigni sreba sluag | dona hénaib fri i.¤ , SR 306. o rolínad ind arc huag | robái in digal for i.¤ , 2510 . ind Olimp huag | cen chumscugud cen i.¤ , 126 . roordaig tret na n-uan ... for i.¤ iarsin sleib, Todd Lect. iii 44.8 . ised is lethbrisid and aen duine ac imluad `one man being in motion,' Laws iii 260.4 Comm. madh a n-imluadh in agaid miled `their movement against soldiers,' CCath. 5081. a mbátar ciana for imluad forsna tonnaib, RC x 52.2 . a reim iomramha ┐ iomluaidh, Leb. Gab.(i) 126 n. 11 . re fothrum a fannbratach | ic imluad ic eitealaig `the rustling of their standards streaming and floating,' MR 184.8 . nírbho ail doibh in laithi do imluadh ar oman a faircsina `to move by day,' Marco P. § 56. romgab in críne m'imlúad age has taken away from me my motion, Ériu iv 154.15 . as-ren boin do raith inna imloth ┐ i nn-aurslucuth a indisi `für seine Bemühung,' Bürgschaft 25 § 70. re hi.¤ muntiri in rig re freastal ... na fleidi sin ` activity ,' TTebe 460 . tri fodla for Feraib Bolg | cid a n-imlúad, ní hanord `as to their movements there was no disorder,' Metr. Dinds. iii 170.26 . ? To this: imsgar ┐ imludh na cloinde sin Iba[i]d `the travels and wanderings,' Ériu viii 8.2 .

(c) act of wielding weapons, hurling missiles: cid Ferchess ... o ragab a arm d'imlúad, LL 27b3 . mor céite is mor carrac cruaid | immá ndernus airm d' i.¤ , Acall. 3434. conár cumhaingsiot na sloigh ... a n-airm d' iomluadh no d'imirt, AFM vi 2034.1 . rogabsat ica n-i.¤ do cec[h]tar in da leit[h]i (of missiles), CCath. 5653.

(d) act of driving trans.: tussu gan charptiu d'imluád, TBC-LL¹ 4149. luidh Fionn d'iomlúadh in eich duibh gussin tráigh, Duan. F. i 28.26 . ni tráth imlúate echraide, RC xiv 420.2 . Of driving cattle: aris romor do imluad, Laws ii 126.15 . soilbech bethach la log n-imsaetha .i. la log eimhluaidh dá scripul x i n-imluadh, O'Dav. 1070 (cf. Bürgschaft 45.13 ). cinmotha smacht an imluaig, O'D. 1694 (< H 5.15, p. 31 col. 2 ). ? Here: seoit imluaid seds as payment for driving ?, Laws iii 320.5 , 7 , 13 . seoit imluaidhe, v 334.20 , 25 . seoit imluaidi ... no cuitighi tobaigh, O'D. 2412 (< Rawl. B 506, fo. 52d ). fiach imluaidh, Laws v 224.23 . is e oiret rethis in fiach imluaid, co log tobaig fo aicned na criche i ndentar in t-imluadh, 26 . Intrans. careering: hi cocrichaib nad clechta err óencharpait | do imluad ar m'ési, LU 8506 (FB).

(e) act of agitating, harassing (used esp. of demoniac influence or possession); agitation of mind, anxiety: inn i.¤ gl. [mentis] agitationem, Ml. 90d15 . dunt i.¤ gl. ad agitationem [mentis], 15a17 . ni ar laiget a chumachtu ro-fhodamair Ísu do diabul a i.¤ sund, PH 4816. ro-saerad ... in duine o'n demun boi oc a i.¤ fri híl-bliadnu, 1988 . mar da badar ar an imluag sin adchondcadar chucu dream do ridirib while they were thus perplexed, YBL 146b17 . fri hilchaingni fri i.¤ , SR 4542. secht mblíadna dó bochta búan | ocus gorta cona imlúad, 6850 . ar ní bí sním na immluad na imradud inar menmannaib, Alex. 876.

(f) act of bringing into action, effecting, exercising; action, performance: cenco tic de i.¤ a fhlaithiusa ar a arsaidecht `exercise his dominion,' CCath. 590. do foillsighedh dosam tre i.¤ adharta (MS. imluag agharta) `by means of ritual' ? Ériu viii 18.18 . erridecht ar armaib ┐ i.¤ (MS. imluag) ar airdclesaib dexterity ?, Ériu viii 8.2 . ic imluadh a ngnim ngaisccidh isin cath, CCath. 5878. co na fedad i.¤ n-imtheachta `he was unable to effect a movement,' TTebe 3277 . rofeatarsa nach do gnim gaisgedh ná d'imluadh echta ... thangais, MR 284.19 . gach aidmibh ergaile ba gnath etir Eirennchoib d'iomluadh i ngurt gaisccidh, AFM vi 2234.18 . ? Here: fer foloing einech gresa cin i.¤ fine `without the action of the family,' Laws iv 350.25 . (cf. cen adhall fine, ib. 1 Comm. .)

(g) act of putting forward (a proposition), advancing (a proposal); a proposal, a proposition: cia d'echlachaib hErenn sin do i.¤ (tic dimluad, St.) athisc ┐ irlabra frim-sa, TBC-LL¹ 1720. luid techt co n-ascadaib húad | o Iacob, cain int imlúad, SR 3054. doriachtatar ri fessaib ┐ ri fáitib, ri imluatib ┐ ri epistilib, TTr. 150. doronnad i.¤ sida etarru ┐ Manannan, RC xxiv 276 § 11. tancamar ra hi.¤ n-athisc dait, CRR 28.1 . cred adhbar bhar n-iomluaidhsi uaidhe, eidir ?, ITS v 46.23 . iomluadh siodha etir na hiarladhaibh sin ... fri Gaoidhelaibh Leithe Cuinn, AFM vi 2044.15 .

(h) act of telling, discussing, mentioning, praising; praise: ni chreiti[s]-sium físi na hamra na haislingi and, mina bedis persanda uaisli aca imluad `spreading it about,' TTebe 62 3. na scaram frit na ret' luag | cén bes anim coar n-i.¤ , LL 375a39 . Fiachu Labraind, línib slúag | os cech arm-raind co n-imluad `extolled beyond every armed squadron,' Metr. Dinds. iii 460.6 . oclach thainic co hAed ruad | mad ail do neoch a i.¤ `if any care to hear tell of him,' iv 6.6 . nímthá sáethar re imlúag (v.l. himluadh) `I have no trouble in telling it,' Ériu iv 158.15 . da adhmoladh ┐ d'imluagh gacha feassa gu frichnamach, BB 31a20 . imarbaidh einigh ... d' imradh ocus d'imluadh ocus d'adhmholadh, MR 94.20 . ga háoinfhiodh bog bláthmar búan | ag ughdaraibh dá iomlúadh, IGT Introd. 5 § 10. nach biadh a éag re iomluadh, Content. v § 164 . dá gcuirinn síos annso ... go mbiadh eachtra adhbhal ré a hiomluadh orra, Keat. ii 3412. an turas céadna do-chuaidh | san bhFraingc fa fochainn iomluaidh, Aithd. D. 36 § 21.

1 imm, imb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 imm, imb or dil.ie/27635
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: imm, im, im, im, himm, imm, um, am, ma, mo, uime, um, fa, imm, imma, im, im, um, im, immin, immin, immun, immon, imon, amun, 'mun, 'man, 'mon, imma n-, imma, imma, imman, imna, immum, imam, imum, imumm, umam, umum, ummumm, immut, imut, umat, umaitsiu, iomut, umad, 'mud, immbi, imbi, immi, imbe, immbe, imme, ime, uime, uimme, imi, uime, impe, impi, immpe, uimpe, uimpi, impea, immunn, immund, immaind, imaind, iomuin-ne, immib, imuib, umaibh, impu, immpu, umpu, umpa, iompa, impaib, imum, 'mam, im du, im do, immut, imod, 'mat, imma, imma, immo, ima, uma, má, immo, immó, immua n-, imm

prep. leniting follg. consonant and governing the acc. Forms: imm alaile, Wb. 27b12 . im anad, 27d19 . im Dia, 4c24 . im hirusalem, Ml. 72d8 . im chrechtu (sic leg.), 144c5 . himm chenn, Sg. 54a11 . imm ṡalond, IT i 43 § 13. um, Laws iv 226.13 , Ériu i 91.10 , PH 3855 , TSh. 2502 , etc. am, RC xviii 184.1 . ma, Ériu iv 174 § 4. mo, Leb. Gab.(i) 112.17 . uime, um fhear a chíall ┐ bha fhear ┐ ma fhear a chíall, IGT Introd. 19.2 . fa, TTebe 2767 .

In late O.Ir. and Mid.Ir. imm sometimes governs dat. in pl.: imma rusccuib, IT i 120.9 . im slessaib, SR 3742. im ailib, TBC-LL¹ 1544. um a setaib, Laws iv 226.13 . im chorpaib, PH 7022.

With art.: sg. m and f. immin bidbethid, Wb. 15c14 . immin cathraich, Ml. 48d14 . immun aírc, 83a4 . immon coin, Sc.M² § 21 j . imon imdai, BDD² 1108. amun feis, Sc.M² § 23.8 . With elision 'mun coirthi, TBC-LL¹ 1233. 'man am, ML² 94. 'mon airdrig, TTebe 3912 . n. imma n-: imma nisin, Ml. 56b31 . imma ndelg, Thes. ii 248.7 . imman tech, MU² 871. pl. imna téta, TBFr. 104.

With pron. suff.: sg. 1 immum, Sc.M² § 10. imam, ib. § 13 R . imum, PH 8161. imumm, 8163 . umam, 1800 . umum, 8160 . ummumm, 6159 . sg. 2 immut, Ml. 118c12 . PH 5047. imut, 8184 . umat, 453 . umaitsiu, TTebe 1064 . iomut, DDána 68 § 33. umad, 97 § 34 . With elision: 'mud, 64 § 1 . sg. 3 m. and n. immbi, Wb. 13d22 . imbi, Sc.M² § 3. immi, § 17 . imbe, MU² 705. immbe, PH 873. imme, MU² 716. ime, PH 3301. uime, 2753 . uimme, 509 . imi, TTebe. 1865. uime, IGT Introd. 19.2 . f. impe, Sc.M² § 5 , TBFr. 82. impi, BDD² 539. immpe, PH 7238. uimpe, 8159 . uimpi, Stair Erc. 2076. impea, 1333 . pl. 1 immunn, Wb. 15c13 . immund, TBFr. 188. immaind, TBC-LL¹ 4752. imaind, PH 7945. iomuin-ne, DDána 39 § 21. pl. 2 immib, Wb. 27b16 . imuib, PH 7855. umaibh, TSh. 6949. pl. 3 impu, Ml. 62b13 . immpu, BDD² 681. umpu, 461 . umpa, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1778. iompa, TSh. 6958. With dat.: impaib, MU² 774. TBC-LL¹ 938.

With poss.: sg. 1 imum chend, PH 1871. 'mam chend, TTebe 2928 . sg. 2 im du chenn, Thes. ii 249.1 . im do tegdais, PH 4525. immut taeb, imod thoeb, TBC-LL¹ 4073. 'mat fortacht, TTebe 3757 . sg. 3 imma chomalnad, Wb. 30b4 , imma thír, Ml. 62b9 . immo chend, BDD² 1455. ima chend, ib. 840 . uma chend, TTebe 971 . With elision : má chossa, LU 8520 (FB). pl. 1 immo ar sáorad, Mon. Tall. 127.9 . pl. 2 immó bar mbeolu, RC ix 484.17 . pl. 3 immua n-: immelotar immuan eclis `they circumambulated their church,' Thes. ii 242.15 (Ardm.). ba cendaib, PH 393.

With rel. pron.: imma n-, immo n-, immua n-: nech ... immandaister (gl. mentis incompotem), Ml. 50d2 . immuambiat, 18b4 . én immoniada sás, Thes. ii 294.27 ( SP iv ). imma rrabatar, MU² 861. With elision: aní má tudchatar, LU 9011 (FB).

For Mid. Ir. forms fa, ba=imm see under fo (prep.).

I Of place.

(a) around, about: immib di cach leith `around you on every side,' Wb. 17b19 . condarlicthe tech ... immunn di nim `that a house be let down around us from heaven,' 15c13 . bite im chrechtu (sic leg.) `which are wont to be about wounds,' 144c5 . buithe im hirusalem du assaraib, 72d8 . ara teget immin cathraich, 48d14 . in nél nobith immunaírc, 83a4 . fuslegar de imma ndelg immecúairt `it is smeared all round the thorn,' Thes. ii 248.7 . canir anisiu ... imdu chenn `this is sung about thy head,' 249.1 . (tech) udnocht coíl imbi, Críth G. 102. dodat láim immom bragit, IT i 125.6 . da malaigh ... imma rusccuib `two eyebrows about her eyes,' 120.9 . Ulaid im gnúis Conchobair, 81.10 . ro lásat tri imrothu imma chend, LU 8600 (FB). do ratad ... damdabach dona boccótib immi im(m)a c(h)ūairt an enclosing shelter of shields was put about him all round, Sc.M² § 17. niptar aigthi carat im ḟleid, § 5. (imdae) dá aurainech ... impe, TBFr. 82. tucait a trí timchúardda imman tech, MU² 871. in tech íarnaide imma rrabatar in dá thech cláraid, 861 . Benna Iuchna | imma ndessid ilar fert, Hail Brigit § 19. coro lám cor imón slúag, LU 3781 ( SCC 35 ). día mbé nech occá sirḟegad imme anair ocus aníar, 2028 . do-gní íarum foebarchles don chloidem immo chend, BDD² 1455. suidig na slúagu 'na sreith | bii impu do cach oen leith, SR 5014. tuc a da rigid mun coirthi, TBC-LL¹ 1233. talam ísaind ┐ muir immaind, 4752 . uathbas bretha impaib do thulbemmennaib, 938 . gnáth mirr do thabairt im chorpaib dóine, PH 7022. Egeptacda ... filet imon cathraig im Chirinen `circa Cyrenen,' 5384 . do denum na mur imna cethrai, 1034 . atá comrar chloche imbi and hi talmain, Imr. Brain 48.13 . cor íadsattar ... | 'mon ríg ocus 'mon rīgain `till they closed about the king and queen,' BColm. 88.23 . frisna tūatha imdatāat with the tribes around which they are, ZCP viii 315.10 . in fearann uma ndentar in t-aile, Laws iv 70.23 Comm. ro hadnaiced na geill im ḟert Ḟiachra, RC xxiv 184.18 . cuirfed-sa coimghi c[h]onaire umat, ML² 460. roibhadur an dá c[h]omdáil sin leath ar leith 'mun all, Feis Tighe Chonáin 169. na coroni ... atat 'mam chend, TTebe 2928 . ro thaoscc an muir bleidhmiola mó a fearonn, Leb. Gab.(i) 66 n 8 . do córaigsium a marcsluagh imma Cunga siar, Ann. Conn. 1230 § 3. fuair Conchubhar ┐ Cúchulainn go gcomhdháil umpa, Keat. ii 3528. do ling ... soighnéan do ghaoith ... um an dteagh, TSh. 2502. Peadar umam i ngach aird `may Peter defend me,' DDána 38 § 32. a throigh im thairnge bhfuar | ... | dearna an Choimdheadh im chló ngéar, Dán Dé xxvi 6.

In a special sense, of the meeting of lines of descent in a person: ní ḟuil do thaobh Chuirc nó Chuinn | umad, a Aodh Í Dhomhnuill | fuil ríogh lér dhligheabhair dol `there is no noble connection whom thou owest to resemble,' TD 3 § 54. atáid uime ... ocht nglúine déug uaisle fithcheid ... ó Aodh go Niall Naoighiallach, TD ii 208 y . Turcuill, Íomhair, agus Amhláoimh | iomad, a laoich Locha Riach `belonging to your family,' SGS iv 66 § 28. da nairfinn an ttainig uime dúaslibh Ghaoidheal `were I to ennumerate all those connected with him of the nobles of the Gael,' Rel. Celt. ii 208.27 . do b'airrdheana dísle dhí | ón dá thaobh táinig uimpe, DDána 7 § 37. ríoghradh Éireann | umut ... | go Conn na gcuan | is an drong uadh go hÉireamhón, 114 § 27. In follg. exx. the sense has been transferred to the presence of the blood of one ancestor in a person: Duach mhac Briain do bheith umad, Aithd. D. 41 § 25. ní fhuil d'urradh ná d'airdrígh | d' fhine Chuinn dá gcuir leis-sean | gan tuinn dá fhuil uimei-sean, DDána 82 § 38.

(b) Of clothes considered as encircling the body, around, about, on: criss fírinne immib, Wb. 22d16 . snáthe nobíth himm chenn na sacardd, Sg. 54a11 . co n-étaigib ... impaib, MU² 774. do-bertatar étach ríg dó imbi, BDD² 158. cassla derga ... impu co lár, LU 2199. arit odor immi, 8520 (FB). asso argait imm a cosa, Anecd. i 61 § 90. bec in n-étach-sin immpu, PH 8195. do-chuir tú feoil ┐ lethar mar étach umam, 7457 . a lamanda ... ima lamaib, TTebe 2504 . cionnas tháinic tusa asteach ann so gan édach bainnse umad, Matthew xxii 12. éadaighe úra éadtroma do chur iompa, TSh. 6958. With gaibid puts on: gaibid immib a n-etach macc cóimsa, Wb. 27b16 . lasse gabas immbi, 13d22 . gebid Cú Chulainn a threlam gaiscid immi, MU² 52. gabais Fráech immi cona muntir, TBFr. 352. gab etach ... umat, PH 453. do gab a dhā lāmhaind ... im a lāmhuibh, 1475 . Fig. gabhaidh nua-dhuine umaibh, TSh. 6949. ? To this: ecmaing nís ragbusa immum it happened that I had not taken it (i.e. a ring) about me, TBFr. 335.

(c) more definitely, at, by, along: conaccatar Coinculainn immon corthe `they saw Cú Chulainn at the pillar-stone,' RC iii 182.y . do thuit ma dhoras an gharrdha, Rel. Celt. ii 188.12 . mórchoínd[e] la Toirrdelbach ┐ la Tigernan im Sinaind `a great meeting held by T. and T. at the Shannon,' RC xviii 169.19 . docum na léna boi im bord na habund, RC vi 176.61 . trí meic Tuireann ... | tuitsead im Chnuc mac Miodhchaoin, DDána 64 § 27. a chnuic thoir re taoibh Ealla | ... | giodh 'mud bhruach do hoileadh inn, 64 § 1.

(d) along with, including: coiri cona lánlestrai thige airech im dabaig including a vat, Críth G. 339. humalestrai im chaire, 405 . ro gadatar na huili dúile aicsidi ┐ nemaicsidi imna dá apstal déac, Trip.² 1368. corothroiscset maithe fer nErenn im mac nÓida Sláne ┐ im Fechine Fabair ... ┐ im sochaide archena so that the nobles of the men of Ireland including the son of Aed Slane, etc. fasted, Thes. ii 298.13 . ō thucus-[s]a trī laíchcenn ūait im chenn do chétmeic, Sc.M² § 12. dobretha Findabair ┐ cóeca ingen impi hi tech Con Culaind, LU 8837 (FB). Illand im[ma thūaith `with his tribe,' Hail Brigit § 22. co tísat im gaire | im Maire is im Michéol `together with Mary and Michael,' Ériu i 226 § 4. sē dēsa do imforcra | imum-sa fadēin `six pairs besides myself,' 39 § 7 . secht mna decc ruccus im Ceassair `including C.' (the context shows that there were sixteen others besides C.), Leb. Gab.(i) 12.18 . ro triall sechnóin Eireann ... ┐ a bheirt espoc uime `and his two bishops with him,' 86.25 . cella locha Eirne n-uile im chluain Eoais ┐ Daiminis, AU i 338.18 . secht righ Cruithne im Aed m-brec `including Aedh Brec,' 58.9 . aca innisi dho a mhēt do righuibh doghab righi Mhuman uime `in addition to him,' Caithr. CC 31 § 50 . is dá loch um loch nEachach ` besides ,' Content. iv § 30 . aitchim an dá dheagh-fháidh dhéag ... im Aindrias im Eóin nglan-ógh including, Dán Dé xxv 50 - 51 .

(e) After vbs. of motion, to, into, through, throughout (cf. fo): tangamur man caillidh-so `we came to this wood,' ZCP vi 65.14 . docuadhus man coillidh cetna gut' iaraid, 66.22 . dollotar na slúaig ... im ailib ┐ im airtraigib críchi Conaille, TBC-LL¹ 1544. docuadar in .l. ele as dibh man caillidh `the other fifty fled away throughout the wood,' Stair Erc. 2350.

(f) Of impact, collision (more usually fri), against, on: dolleici a cend immon cloich co n-derna brúrig dia cind, IT i 82.2 co n-ecmaing a tul immon n-all combo marb de, LU 8934 (FB). atraig súas īarsin contarlaic imma scín co m-búi triana druim suas, RC xiii 391.8 . commad im claideb dodoléced con n-abbad, RC xvi 414.27 . tuc béim de immun corthe, TBC-LL¹ 1027. do léig Tómas an buille sin um lár agas um lántalamh, PCT 561.

II Of time. Of the approximate time of an occurrence, at, about: atconnarc ... aislingi immón samain innuraid `at Samuin last year,' LU 3331 (SC). macc Murchada ... do écc im ḟēil catrach fīona `on the feast of Catherine', ZCP viii 111.7 . cath iter Delbna ┐ Uu Maine im ḟéil Ciarain, RC xvii 377.21 . ní do denam dó im teirt `he has to do some duty at tierce,' Mon. Tall. 145.9 . cantir salm aurnaigti ... im espartan, 131.9 . im iarmergi indnocht `at nocturns to-night,' BColm. 68.14 . iomdha um nóin seabhac is sodh, Aithd. D. 5 § 13. um thráth nóna, TSh. 3800. im an uair sin, Études Celt. i 85.28 . budh lór d'adhḟuath mun n-amsa, TD 4 § 32.

III In abstract sense, concerning, as regards, in the matter of, on account of, for the sake of: immin bidbethid, Wb. 15c14 . im dethidnea saeculi , 16b11 . im cech rét runecat les `in respect of everything that they need,' Ml. 57b4 . aní imradam-ni impu som di ulc `what evil we are meditating concerning them,' 93a5 . robói dosom imma thír `that he had for his land' (gl. magnitudinem desiderii), 62b9 . luid Sechnall iar tain du chuúrsagad Pátricc im charpat boie lais, Thes. ii 242.11 (Ardm). (mucc) tri neim ... no-bíata co-ralta ár fer n-Ērenn impe so that the slaughter of the men of Ireland would come about on account of it, Sc.M² § 5. Derdriu a hainm ocus biaid olc impe, IT i 69.24 . nach airm inda tochrathar im imṡéna `wherever they happen to be concerned about a conflict of evidence,' Críth G. 418. dul tria aitiri im ní dichuat fuiri `violating his suretyship in regard to a matter for which he is surety,' 306 . as í sin maigin digona in boaire um a setaib `this is the inviolable precinct of the boaire chief respecting his seds,' 226.13 . Aimirgen ... ruc in chétbreith im Themair, Ériu iv 136.20 . mād imdherccad dagmnā im drūis no im sēna a clainne, Cáin Ad. § 51. is í dias as dech fil i nÉrinn im les a tigerna `about attending to the needs of their lord,' BDD² 1220. bentai Cuc[h]ulaind cona claideb ... co torchair a ētach ṅde ┐ nī forbai imo chnes did not wound him as to his skin, TBC-I¹ 1203. nemchomaitecht doib im caomclód praindi `not to indulge them with a change of diet,' Mon. Tall. 152.25 . do demniugud a n-irse imon esergi, PH 6686. ticfat aidhedha uaisle sunn aníu ┐ frithailid iat im biadh ┐ im fotraccadh, BNnÉ 18 § 36. ro croch tríchait im óenboin, ACL iii 304 § 3. is faillítheach bhíd na daoine ... um fhóirithin ar na marbhaibh, TSh. 5021. iongnadh eagla ar an anmain | ma dhul as an ndrochadhbhaidh, Aithd. D. 80 § 40. is ar tí cumainn chairte | do bhí umainn adhlaicthe `He lay buried for our sake,' Dán Dé xxi 24. bac ar ghriangha um theachta as-teagh `a barrier to keep out the sunlight,' Studies 1920, 262 § 9 . do bhí an fhearthain iomuin-ne for our sake, DDána 39 § 21. do airg teagduis apstolicda San Sem ... uma leabhraibh `plundered of its books,' ITS xix 112.19 .

With the idea of purpose, with a view to: altram Néill im chomga cnes `the fostering of Niall to save his life,' Ériu iv 94.8 . fermaidni nemeli fri rig nime ... immo ar sáorad `we pour forth lamentation ... to gain our deliverance,' Mon. Tall. 127.9 . ar chaínbésaib im chóemchostud na fledi `as regards the fair arrangement of the feast,' MU² 211. ro coraidhid iarum ... cách ... im chosdud na fledhi `to celebrate the feast,' Ériu v 234.36 . ordughadh an ríogh leis um ginleirecht na harmaraile do bheth aige, Rel. Celt. ii 178.17 . an t-augdarrāss ro buī aigi ... um thoigheacht, Fl. Earls 258.16 .

In rel. construction with vb. about which, on account of which, concerning which: atfíadat ... do Úath aní má tudchatar día saigthin, LU 9011 (FB). cia fāth maradgoired isin pupullsa?, TBC-I¹ 2223. in fáth ima nderna peccad, PH 6456. cid ma ragad Condere `why should C. go,' Ériu i 114 § 3. cid imma ngabthar trebad, ZCP viii 112.22 . créd ma tucsabair orm faistine duib, TTebe 1316 . cidh um a faicim marbh thu? cidh um nach faghaim bas leat?, ITS xix 96.13 . ceadh 'ma badh ionpháirte inn, DDána 101 § 20.

As pred. of copula: is ime aderar Glenn na mBodar ris, Comp. CC 86.2 . is uimme tuc Dia chucam thu, PH 509. is uime ro ordaigh Ercuil in cathair sin do dhenum, Stair Erc. 1628. is uime cheana rug Dia an daoir-bhreath so ar na daoinibh, TSh. 4.

With certain vbs. and vns.

(i) Of praying, entreating, asking: amal rotgádsa im anad in ephis, Wb. 27d19 . annongeiss cách imma chomalnad, 30b4 . amail tānigc Crīst co Martan dia fagh[d]e ima brat, BColm. 60.7 . ro-guidius he ima throcaire, PH 2786. ro-n-aitchiset im thomailt na fheoland, 6547 . ailthus Eogan imm essomon E. asks them for a truce, ZCP viii 313.5 . do guidh í ... um creidim na hEclusa do comét, RC xix 378 § 255. rosgáid Ái ... im dilsi in maige sin do ┐ 'moa ainm fair, RC xv 469 § 69. an Trīnōit nemda do atach ┐ do etorguide ... um aon tuismedh amhāin cloinni dfagāil dó, Fl. Earls 222.18 .

(ii) Of fasting for : corothroiscset ... im húatigud na ndoine `they fasted ... to get the population reduced,' Thes. ii 298.16 . rotheiscset (rotroiscsit v.l.) imbi fri Dia, Mon. Tall. 157.18 . trosgcis Mocholmógc impu fair `M. fasted against him for it,' BColm. 92.13 . rofágaib Colmán troscud umpi seo `C. left [as an ordinance] that they should fast for it,' 88.13 . rothroiscset na Cristaide fria Dia ... im a fhurtacht, PH 7259. tredan tri laa co n-aidchi for in gCuimdid imo thodūscud dūib to fast for three days and nights to the Lord to have him awakened for you, ACL iii 3.30 .

(iii) Of granting, bestowing: ron-íurusa im chét mbó bódána, BDD² 267. ronír Brigit immon flaith, ZCP xi 109 § 17.

(iv) Of refusing, denying: coru díultai fri Pátraic imma fleid he refused to invite P. to his feast, Trip.² 2180. noco sénaim-si umat-sa sin, PH 3157. as iad ... nár ér mh'occlach ... im brat no im biadh, BNnÉ 266 § 234. nocot-érfaind imm óenní `I would not refuse thee aught,' Ériu iv 98.4 . eitchither iat im na mnáib `the women are refused them,' Metr. Dinds. iii 324.15 . ar sena féin imm ar n-deilb we ourselves being repudiated on account of our appearance, Mer. Uil. 9. gan duine d'éaradh um shéad ná um biadh, Keat. ii 5183. ro diult Ercuil iat uime sin, Stair Erc. 1876.

(v) Of wronging, violating: sarugad amais um a comairce `the violating of the protection of his hired soldier,' Laws iv 230.17 . mo ṡargud immontí thanic for m'óisam, TBC-LL¹ 1911. a cinaidh sáraigt[h]i Colmāin imon cimidh, BColm. 72.9 . is e in duine-si ro-t-saraig um Lazáir `it is he who robbed thee of Lazarus,' PH 3855. dorūacht cuca in chaillech ... roṡāraigh Bresal 'ma boin, ZCP vii 306.9 .

(vi) Of striving, urging, inciting, compelling: ní etaigthersu imma nisin `thou shalt not be emulous concerning it,' Ml. 56b31 . boí in t-imcosnam cetna beius imón curadmir, LU 9035 (FB). bai didu imchosnum ... im forba Echach eter a coic macaib, RC xxiv 176.6 . gabais cách díb immarbáig a mmuin a céli im gabáil na n-én, LU 3245 (SC). cipe do-s-gní imresain im edpart dona deeb, PH 1116. ro-chomecnigestar lucht na cathrach im chomalliud timnai `he forced the citizens to obey a law,' 6531 . nach greisfider im dénum maithiusa, 4657 . ro ghreis Cirion a muindter im calma do denum, Stair Erc. 1573. comraicfit im óenbargin, Ériu i 132.64 . ro grendaig im cath hé `he challenged him to battle,' RC xviii 48.7 .

(vii) Of mocking, laughing at: tibit in macrad im sodain, LU 8845 (FB). ac fonamat imme `making mockery of him,' BColm. 92.15 . fáitbis tra in máthair imon córaid crodai, PH 6626. dorónsat fochuitbiud immun fadesin ┐ fo Troiánaib, TTr.² 304. do maidh a gean gáire for Coin Chulainn uime sin, Comp. CC 110.19 . lúathgair do chor immum-sa `to make rejoicing for me,' Ériu iv 128.17 .

(viii) Of teaching, instructing: ro-forcan Ísu a apstalu imna rúnib diadai, PH 3419. tanic do fhorcetul na n-apstal ima n-il-berlaib, 5446 . co forcanad hé im ord airnaigthi, ACL iii 10 § 8.

(ix) Of judging: fo-gella ... imm appeals to the judgment in the matter of: bertair do Themair ┐ fogellsat in ríg imbi, BDD² 212. fugeallsat immiu, ZCP vii 305.17 .

In distrib. sense with numbers, for equivalent of to in the Eng. idiom two to one: es da mnae im cech oen fer `two wives to every one man,' Todd Lect. iii 26.10 . ticc días im gach n-aoinḟer úaind, ZCP viii 219 § 18. tricha míle marcach in cech cath dibh ┐ di troighthech um cech marcach, Marco P. § 55.

Used with obj. after words expressing (a) emotion, feeling, (b) behaviour towards.

After words expressive

(i) Of desire, greed, jealousy, envy: mét inná imlainne robói dosom im Dia `strong craving (?) he had for God,' Ml. 62a2 . ar accubur ┐ saint immin domun, 69a6 . ar ét im chrabud `for zeal for devotion,' 36d24 . gabais ... saint an rí impi `the king desired her,' IT i 120.13 . ro gab mian ... imm ṡalond, 43.13 . rom-gab imtholta im erscéluib Tāno do ḟaisnēis dam, ACL iii 3.18 . is cora frichnam immpe na fa anóir na colla, PH 7409. mor menmai ... imma curadmir `great is the eagerness for the champion's portion,' RC xiii 30.35 . rogab ailges ┐ accobur in righ ma fegad int soitig noemtha, D IV 2, 72va 8 . is é Ulcan tre ét umait-siu tuc forru cach col da ndernatis, TTebe 1064 . nocha denaim-se ... fich na formad um airdchendus na Greigi, 834 .

(ii) Of anger and its opposite towards: fích 'mon oirbiri d'aithris `fury at repeating the taunt,' Ériu iv 214 § 8. ocus in aininne mor bis ag neach im a cheli `the great anger which a man has towards his fellow,' v 24.14 . ba lonn ... in ingen imon sgel sin, RC vi 174.18 . cé dogénsam ainmne uime `though we were patient about it,' ACL iii 295 § 22. ba hainmnetach imma chommiledaib, RC ii 388 § 11.

(iii) Of affection and its opposite towards: nípat úarchraidech im chardiu | bat gusmar im naimtiu `be not cold-hearted towards friends, be stern towards enemies,' LU 3493 (SC). co raibhi ic báidhe imme `till he was fondling him,' Moling § 39. ba bádhach (bághach MS.) side im Laighniph `he was fond of the Leinsterman,' § 58 . ar méd a gradha ┐ a deithite uime `by reason of the great love and care he had for him,' BNnÉ 291 § 6. do beith gradach uman creidim cathoilica, RC xix 374 § 247. báidh im congnam re céile affection in the matter of mutual succour, O'Gr. Cat. 354.24. níptor córaigh mo a forba `they were not at peace about their possessions,' Leb. Gab.(i) 112.17 . nirbho sainsearcach im ó nDomhnoill, Hugh Roe 136.13 . mioscais uí Chonchobair im cenél cConoill, ib. 14 . mise go ndíoghrais uimpi | 's gan í go suilbhir umainn, Dánta Gr. 58.3 . minic nach buan críoch a cumainn | ní fríoth achd fuar umainn í, DDána 36 § 4. na bi-si súarach uime `be not ungracious to him,' Stair Erc. 2073.

(iv) Of fear, anxiety, sorrow for: ba leth ndogra immon coin, Sc.M² § 21j . mairg dorumalt a n-imned dorumaltsa custrathsa imma curadmir, LU 9133 (FB). bui sechran adbul ┐ buaidred ... accu ... imme-sin, PH 12. do gab ag tuirsi uime, ML² 293. ar bhfagail leoin ima righuibh, Lism. L. 3207.

(v) Of mercy: ba trocar im na hulib dóinib, PH 1662. déana truaighe umam, TSh. 4219.

IV In special constructions.

(a) Used idiomatically with the subst. vb.: tá ... imm is engaged in, concerned in, in doubt about: cid nombetha im etarceirt a messa im Dia `on what account shouldst thou be about disputing his judgment with God,' Wb. 4c24 . in ceist immá tú, LU 9208 (FB). cía thíastaís formna laech nErend uile is duitsiu dobérmaís remib aní imo mbethe, LU 8814 (FB). cotaispentar dó cach ní immbambí `everything about which he is engaged' Corm. 25 (s.v. imbas forosnai). baoi seom fechtus ann im aine `he was once engaged in fasting,' Ériu iv 120.12 . cid dochanus beith imme what avails it to be discussing it?, PH 5253. co fhoillsiged Dia doib in ní ima rabutar, 7189 .

(b) Used of person adversely affected by action (=dat. of disadvantage) more commonly expressed by ar: rebthair a étach immi, LU 8877 (FB). do lott a aithrige impe, Todd Lect. iii 66.3 . as mor domhillis umainn `you have spoilt much on us,' Ériu v 172.154 . intí romill immum in estrecht truagh `he that marred for me the poor pet,' Moling § 74. malartfaid do rígi ┐ do fhlaithus umat, PH 1390. co ro melachtnaigem ┐ co robuaidrem ┐ co rasgaoilem a dtengta impo, Auraic. 2431. conremesc (conromesc, v.l.) impu `he confused them,' 145 . coillsit tuatha D.D. ith ┐ blicht im maca Miled, D IV 2, 50rb31 . ro mharbh se mac maith umum `he slew a good son on me,' Caithr. CC 38 § 63 .

(c) In impers. const. with vbs. expressing violent uncontrolled action to indicate person affected by the action: nech lasnabi ciall ┐ immandaister gl. mentis incompotem, Ml. 50d2 . ro riastrad immi, LU 8397 (FB). día siabairther immi, 8810 (FB). do luath-lonnaigh im Conall triasa haithesgu sin, ZCP xiv 258.17 . Ercuil ... ro daisedh imbe, Stair Erc. 353.

(d) With vbs. in pass. impers. to express person affected by the action: ēgthir immum, Sc.M² § 10 (for other exx. of this const. see s.v. éigid RIA Dict. Fasc.II). ro gáiredh umpa, ML² 1677 . imdeargthar im Mhaol Mhuire, DDána 102 § 27.

V Used idiomatically with certain vbs., buailid ... imm meets: da mbúailtidhe impodh a ttermann Tighernaigh iad, Ériu v 74.23 . con-gaib ... imm keeps to, perseveres in: anni as a ttarabhairsi bladh ... congmaidh uime an gein mhairfidhe, RC xxix 112 § 8.

gaibid ... imm.

(i) puts on clothes , see supra I (f).

(ii) surrounds, troops around: cid immi gabtais Ulaid uile, TBC-LL¹ 120. coro gabsat immut uli, IT iii 498 § 10. gabsat im Dauid in slóg 'the multitude trooped round David' Ériu xx 120 § 3 .

(iii) seizes, attacks: in días do gabáil immón n-óenfer, LU 8206 (FB). roghab in cerd in liathroit ... táinic in fer rosbuail ina diaidh; rogab in cerd uimpi, ZCP iv 240.10 .

ligid ... imm lies with: nolaigdis dá ingin ... immi cach n-aidchi, Fél. 40.16 . in mál maith 'ma laigdis mná, 54.2 . luigid ... imm swears by: luicchim-se um na duilib, Ériu iv 50.2 . tócbaid ... imm (with or without inf. pron.) rises: rothógaibh Suibhne uimi lasodhain `thereupon S. arose,' BS 114 § 57 . rostógaibh-siumh uime rempa tar gach muine, 124 § 64. tairmescaid x imm y prevents or hinders y from doing x: do thoirméscad umat fógnum do Dia, PH 7718. nir thoirmisg Fer D. sin iompasan F.D. did not prevent them from that, ZCP x 291.22 . no tairmisccedh impo daesccur-sluag ... do marbadh `he forbade them to kill the rabble,' CCath. 5994. no co fileat ic tairmisc na sligeadh coitcindi umunn `they are forbidding us the common roads,' 1270 . gur thoirmesc Ercuil impu é, Stair Erc. 2017. do focair fir n-aignaid ocus screbtra impe `for the truth of nature and scripture forbids her,' Laws v 430.24 . gan a fhulang dot chomarsain no dot chompanach drúis do denum da fhétair a bascad immpu, PH 7451. do-beir bréic (or another word of similar meaning) imm deceives, deludes: na taibred cách uáib bréic imm alaile, Wb. 27b12 . dobertha bréc im nach meraige, LU 8806 (FB). cerbo mór trá a mmuinbech dorat im Loegaire dorat a da cutrummai im Conall Cernach, 8141 (FB). co tartaitis ceilc immon slóg, TBC-I¹ 1462. inní dobeir bré[i]c umpo `the thing which deludes them,' CCath. 1689. is imaind féin doberum bréicc and-sin we deceive ourselves, PH 7945. dorad-sen brēg impe `practised guile upon her,' RC xv 437 § 45. diberthor muinbech im Fergus occum-sa `F. shall be cajoled by me,' RC xxi 316 § 38. doberthar tra múin impu co fessamar ... `let a trick be played on them,' RC xiii 444 § 24.

indithem, indḟethem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. indithem, indḟethem or dil.ie/28441
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: in dithem, indeithem, innetham, indfhethium, innithiomh

n ā, f. vn. of *ind-feithi. n s. in dithem , Ml. 65a5 . indeithem, Laws iii 288.12 Comm. innetham, ii 68.1 Comm. indfhethium, PH 6225. innithiomh, AFM vi 2248.z .

(a) attention, heed, intentness, meditation, contemplation (folld. by prepp. I or FRI) : is coir ... indithem i ssuidib `proper ... is attention to these,' Wb. 15c11 . indithem leir ┐ menma adblam ┐ etarscarthae fri cech ndethidin, Ml. 53c18 . tabair indithim fri ar fortacht `give attention to helping us,' 93c15 . co n-innithem léir i nDia `with pious meditation on God,' Trip. ii 381.8 . tabrad cach óen a menmain ┐ a innithim co dícra fri scélaib laí brátha, LU 2304. cu mad duthrachtaigite dobermais-ne ar menmain ┐ ar n-índfhethium i n-ar n-ernnaigthi, PH 7849. ise mian na n-aingel a n-innḟeitheam isin choimdi, YBL 169b15 . ni comracat uilli fri toeba etir, co n-innithim leir fri Dia `the elbows must not touch the sides at all, with intent meditation on God,' RC xv 491.5 . is e ná ruc a menmain na a innfheitiumh o thsirfheghadh na flatha neamhdha, Lism. L. 4868. an Coimsidh ... | gabhaidh sé t'innfheitheamh air `He taketh upon Him thy care,' Studies 1921, 73 § 1 . gach aon ... bīss do lāthair a ttaispēnta ō innfheithemh ┐ deuōsion, Fl. Earls 216.8 . todháil ... t'uamhan ┐ do sheirc im cridhe ┐ im innithimh, Otia ii 99 § 36. fear ná tard a mhenma na a inneithemh i maoínibh nách a seódaibh saoghalta, AFM vi 2364.z .

(b) intention, purpose, design: indithim .i. entimema (ἐνθύμημα) graece mentis intentio interpretatur , Corm. Y 768. ind indithem andgaid sin inna ndoine `that bad intention of men,' Ml. 31a12 . cid indeithem marbtha, cid indeithem astaithe `whether it was intention of killing or intention of restraining,' Laws iii 288.12 Comm. masé innetham rugastair an fechem tobaigh les do gabail na hathgabala innetham a gabala co hindlighthech, ii 68. 1 - 2 Comm. na festais Iúdaide in indethium ro-boi acca don mac, PH 7002. in tan ... dogenum inna huli-se o indfhethem craibdig dār comnesamaib, 5835 . nocon í in tshualaig féin is molbthaige ic Dia acht in indfhethium ar a ndéntar, 6058 . o ro taiscelsat airrdhe ┐ innethem cechtarnae uaidhibh `the purpose and design,' Leb. Gab.(i) 224.21 . rob í innithim na Troianna iarum do ḟúacra na ceilge do Hectoir, TTr.² 1187. ba hedh a n-innithiomh uile dol co Mainistir na Buille, AFM vi 2248.z .

(c) opinion, idea: co fessed indus bui a n-indfhethem imon rig ro-tairngered doib `to know what was the opinion about the king promised to them,' PH 6994.

(d) As vn. : act of observing, contemplating: do fochaind chach dib fein ag innfeithem aroili, YBL 170a8 . cuirid side fer ngrāda dó do inneithiomh delba Cāirche to observe C.'s appearance, ACL iii 308 vi. 17 .

leth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. leth or dil.ie/30036
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: leth, leith, leithe, leithe, lethe, leithi, lethe, -leithe, leath, leithdeimhin, lethshathach

n o and s, n. Freq. treated as two words, l. o, n. half and l. s, n. side (e.g. GOI, Críth Gabl., BDD). But it is in some contexts difficult to decide between the two meanings, and cf. d s. leth (side), Ml. 51d3 , 128a1 ( leith, 62b13 ), d s. leith (half), Sg. 18a4 (but see note in Thes.), leuth, BCr. 3c , SR 8041 ; g du. leithe, Sg. 25b6 is ambiguous in meaning, and with lethe, Fél. Dec. 4 may belong to the by-form leithe, which latter. however, is more reliably attested in meaning side than in meaning half: a s. lethe, Imr. Brain 49 , leithi, TBC-I¹ 525. d s. lethe (MS.), Críth G. 428 , Grail 2004 . -leithe, Ir. Astr. Tr. 8.27 .

In later lang. more usual in meaning half (for meaning side cf. taeb) except in adv. and prep. phrases, in which both meanings are frequent. leath m., IGT Decl. § 31. f. , § 39 .

A in meaning side, direction .

I

(a) side: cia beth cosar do cluim glain / fom dda lethe though I had a couch strewn of down beneath my sides, ZCP xiii 258.11 . a beóil for leith a cind, BDD² 541. Cf. do-berad urcar do cloich fuirre ┐ níba cian o leit[h] a cinn, TBC St. 1311 . tibri da leithe `to laugh on all sides', Laws v 228.27 (a kind of satire) .i. gaire uime . . . do cach l.¤ , 230.13 Comm . ? gur gab cairde fair ona cethre lethaib, asrenar . . . a di chumal cairde gacha leithe dona cethre lethaib, O'Curry 2532 - 3 ( Eg. 88, 44 ). ord cumaisc imorro .i. a cumusc a gabail as a leth deridh `the latter end(?)', Laws v 26.21 Comm . ro-claenad-som . . . cach l.¤ don luiṅg, TTebe 1995 . fal na leiti-si (sic) . . . don longphort, CCath. 5177 . tréd na loidhe ar leith an cnuic, Irish Texts ii 2 § 8 . ruc sí . . . mac forsin faidche ┐ sí fó leith ina dromlaig carrying one side of the pail(?), SG 326.28 ( RC xxiv 190.13 ). ? Page: fec leath 91, 92, MS. Mat. 573.29 (see lethenach). Less freq. direction, region : sechip l.¤ fon ṁbith foguir `on whatever side', Thes. ii 300.4 ( Hy. i ). cid féchai-siu issind l.¤ cían úait, IT i 121.10 ( TE 6 Eg.). mairg lingis lēim in l.¤-sain (i.e. towards Hell), ZCP vi 265 § 15. is i do leath coir tanacais you have done well to come, Aen. 1870. In chevilles: forom l.¤ , LU 3867 ( SCC 38 ). slúaig ós lethaib, Airne F. 288. Obscure: tāinic gaimred co ngainni / rolīnsat lethe linni `die Wasser haben die Flachlande angefüllt', Bruchst. i 67 § 156 (letha, v.l.). da each a laim leath aer sealba `two horses in hand at the border of the land', Laws iv 18.20 (leth saor selba, v.l.).

(b) Of twofold division of a house side (?), part (?); indala l.¤ de crín ┐ araile úr one part of seasoned and the other of green wood, Trip.² 601 . isind le[i]th ailiu, i fochlu on the other side, the north, Críth G. 591 . l.¤ in tige . . . do Conchobur . . . a ll.¤ n-aill do bantrocht Ulad, LU 8159 ( FB 12 ). l.¤ in tige . . . la Connachta ┐ in l.¤ aile la Ulto, Sc.M² 5 . isin leith aile in tigi, TTebe 473 . san leith oile `in the other division', TD 11.16 . an uair do chuiridís tuighe ar leath an tighe . . . chum na leithe oile, Oss. iii 216. 18 - 19 .

(c) Of the sides of the body with dess and clé: atá . . . / a scíath da leith chlíu on his left side, MU² 489 . certláech da leith deis . . . fer bec . . . da leith chlí on his right, on his left, 538 - 40 . don ochtmad asna uachtarach chleib a lethi deis Adaim doronta Eua, MacCarthy 48.12 . dul sa leath chlé dod chridhe / slighe i dteach nDé 'gun duine, DDána 10.25 . ar uaisle an leithe dheis dil, Content. i 10 . dá dheis . . . dá leith chlí, TSh. 4090 . do leith do láimhe deise, DDána 24.23 .

(d) With words indicating points of compass: fri mílid in lethe atúaid `of the northern region', Metr. Dinds. iv 40.7 . forin leith tuaiscertaigh don áth, TBC St. 2869 . don leith thuaidh, DDána 64.36 . leath thúaigh northward, Deuteronomy iii 27 . barsan leith descertach ind átha, TBC-LL¹ 3387 . mad od leith anneas gai[res an drean], Ériu viii 122.27 . ar an táobh theas leath theas on the south side southwards, Exodus xxvi 18 . don leath ṡoir eastwards, 2 Kings xiii 17 .

As acc. of destination, Ériu xli 34 .

(e) In phr. (a) l.¤ with clause containing verb of motion the direction in which, anywhere, wherever : nistá leó l.¤ do-coiset do chuincid neich `they have nowhere that they can go to beg anything', Mon. Tall. 128.10 . in l.¤ bertait sin hí lecidsi dóib wherever they bring her, LU 3125 . l.¤ dia mbí in gaeth is fris bís in chomla facing the wind, BDD² 1312 . hiss ē l.¤ ruc-sum a rēim / co Cenannas, Fing. R. 659 . é l.¤ luidi for tochmarc, Metr. Dinds. ii 2.20 . teis lee alleath gebus remat `you shall go with it whither it will go before you', Ériu v 120.16 . régat a l.¤ dīa tuitched `I shall go whither I have set out', i 116.8 . in leith teid (of a spear), Laws v 30.11 Comm . in leath bearar [in] slúaigead, Ir. Review 1912, 248 § 3 . is é l.¤ do-chuaid Conn ar a imgabāil a mesg c[h]lainni . . . Morna, ML² 1806.

Also with cach: cach led dochoid-som sund wherever he went, Wb. 14c20 . cach l.¤ no théged, IT i 130.23 . cech l.¤ naragdais, ZCP viii 110 § 7.

For the construction is é l.¤ attoíbi . . . co dú, is aentadach fri . . . co dú this is the context of, this is a parallel passage to, etc. see at(t)oíbi, oentadach.

In a large variety of adverbial and prepositional phrases.

II With adverbs of direction: ar in leirg l.¤ ifus, CRR 56. immot breith assa leith adíu `about carrying thee hence', Ériu i 130.34 . isind leith anall on the far side (of the house), BDD² 669 . l.¤ anall don ḟidh `on this side of', Ériu iii 164.29 . leath thall d'Fhinn, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 8.27 . lethatshuas dinn `above', O'Gr. Cat. 232.x . da'n dá cical so lethatís dind, 290.27 . don leith amuidh externally, Grail 2621 . leith amuich outside (contr. with astig), Párl. na mB. 2132 . l.¤ amaich d'Eirinn outside I., Acall. 6457 . leath amuigh do uile-theorannaibh na Breataine, Keat. ii 1718 . beith leith amuich don phecadh without sin, ITS xxix 189.13 . leith amuigh don dá chás adubhart apart from, Mac Aingil 4529 . leath amuigh d'aicídibh tura an fhíona except for, Eochairsg. 95.22 . l.¤ amuigh do mnaib not including, BCC 228.35 (§ 237) . leath 'muigh gurab amhluidh . . . apart from the fact that, Luc. Fid. 3765 . l.¤ istich inside, Celtica ii 78.278 . andsa treas alt . . . l.¤ astig `on the third interior joint', O'Gr. Cat. 295.4 . leath istigh dar gcuimhne féin `within our own memory', Keat. ii 423. Cf. also: is uathaib sin l.¤ i fat gach ferann `far and wide', SG 121.31 . In form la-: dobert ferann do laistiar in the west, Rawl. 119a17 . lais tiar iar fuine ngréne, Fél. 112.25 . bóirdréis . . . tímpchioll a ccótaoi lastíos below, Párl. na mB. 538 . d'fhan an marc-shluagh la-amuigh, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 49.4 .

III With pronominalia.

(a) With poss. a his, its : co sceasain cach ball de a leithi (sescaind, lethe, LU) his limbs sprang apart, TBC-I¹ 525. sreith cechtar de a l.¤ he knocked each of them in a different (lit. his own) direction, LL 13983 . tēit in slōg uili for teiched, cach fer a l.¤ , Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 34 § 4 . luid cách a lethi each went his way, LL 14308 . téit . . . cechtar de a l.¤ íar sain, TBFr. 169.

(b) With aile. With prep. DO and art. on the other side (freq. of battle, contest, etc.): bite i n-irgail . . . friu duṅdala leith, Ml. 47c3 . dind leith ailiu gl. illinc, BCr. 32a4 ( Thes. ii 16 ). at-raghat side súass, at-raghat didiu Ulaid don leith eile, Sc.M² 18 R . dilluid F. . . . don l.¤ oili a mBōaind entered the Boyne on the other side, ZCP viii 120.14 . tiocfaid leis don leith oile / guais-ṡeabhuic Bheann mBoghoine, TD 4.43 . don dara l.¤ . . . don leith eili (of simultaneous elections to a bishopric), Ann. Conn. 1307.12 . In more general sense on the other hand, alternatively. Cf. ho l.¤ ailiu gl. e regione, Ml. 128a1 . dob'áil liom . . . dob'áil leam dhon leith oile . . . , DDána 5.15 . don leith oile, L. Cl. A. B. 192.73 . don leith oile adeir Críost . . . , TSh. 1642 . In phr. l.¤ n-aill elsewhere, anywhere, etc.: is ferr damsa techt l.¤ n-aill, LU 3347 ( SCC 13 ). ráither fria . . . techt hi l.¤ n-aill n-aile co maitin, RC xxii 393.z . (BDD App.). indtan no teigdis nach l.¤ aili when they used to go anywhere else, Mon. Tall. 129.17 . tucsat a ndorus na huama i ll.¤ n-aill iat `inside of the door of the cave', PH 1018 . cidh ara tucuis in claideb i ll.¤ n-aile? why did you give away the sword? Lism. L. 1326.

(c) With cach: amal . . . asroither uisce for talmain cech l.¤ `on every side', Ml. 44d1 . aurchor snedar cach leth in all directions, Críth G. 219 . fer cach leithe lándligid `a man of full righteousness on every side i.e. dealing justly with all men', 528 and n. 0 (or to be referred to 2 l.?). co rucadur gacha leithi ar A., Fier. 235. Usually with prec. prep. DI (do, dá) or FOR (ar) in, from all directions, sides, everywhere : immib di cach leith, Wb. 17b19 . in talmain n-impu di cach l.¤ , Ml. 51d3 . di cech leith, 62b13 . 66d10 . testiu na fuile . . . for cach l.¤ , 22b1 . for cech l.¤ gl. longe lateque, 53b9 . slúaged . . . / de cach leith dar túatha, Fél. Ep. 35. fogéba do cach leith aci agid n-airegda, LU 2029 ( FA 10 ). for cech l.¤ , LU 2146 ( FA 21 ). ic fégad . . . for cach l.¤ úathu, MU² 364 . eo óir ina brut ro saiged a gúalaind for cach l.¤ on either side, IT i 131.17 . di cech leith gl. undique, Gild. Lor. 67 . in popul imme di cech l.¤ , PH 761 . dá cech leith, 7063 . do gach leith ┐ da gach thaib dib, TTebe 2225 . sneachta seacht traigthe ar gach leath uadha, SG 34.16 . táir dá gach leith ina lenmhain, IGT Decl. ex. 1158 . ar gach leath, L. Cl. A. B. 112.43 . do gach leith do na laochaib sin, ML² 1860 . do cach lethe, Grail 2004 . for cech l.¤ de, 2480 . da gach aen leithe de na timceall, Ir. Astr. Tr. 8.27 (leth, v.l.). go ttuccadar gealladh air gach leith mutually, Dhá Sgéal Art. 152. Note also: for cechtar in da leithe `on either side' (of a stream), Laws iv 144.11 . comtar crólinnecha curaid di chechtar na da leithi, LL 224b27 ( TTr. 548 ).

(d) With cid (later cía) where, whither : inchoiscsiu damsa ceth l.¤ atā Emain show me the way to, TBC-I¹ 376 = ced l.¤ , LU 4865 = cía let[h], TBC St. 782 . cia leath reghma? Anecd. i 2.9 ( SCano 25 ). ni fhetar cia l.¤ do-rechaind, acht tucas m'aiged siar I knew not where to go, PH 500 . cia l.¤ their Adam uait?, MacCarthy 52.8 . cia leith ro cuaidh in clu mor-sin? what has become of? CCath. 4546 . cia l.¤ so, a dorman? whither away? Fing. R. 90 . cid l.¤ na mochærgi? why are you up so early? RC xiv 400 § 4.

(e) In phr. do díb le(i)th(a)ib on both sides, mutually : diblethaib .i. cechtar a da leithe, O'Curry 965 ( H 3.18, 415 ). ra theigsetar na slúaig immi-sium do dib lethib, LL 175a42 ( CRR 26 ). ro ferad cath . . . do dib lethib eturro, Ann. Conn. 1256.6 . ro naidmset a ccodach ┐ a ccaradradh do dib leitibh, Leb. Gab.(i) 232.12 . dībh leithibh, Celtica iv 70.209 (l.¤ ┐̇ tib, MS.).

(f) With na(ch) in any direction, anywhere : imned dom na lled dochood wherever I went, Wb. 17d7 . nochon occobrad-si co ndigseth nách l.¤ cen heisium immaróen fríe would go nowhere without him, Trip.² 151 . na digsitís nách leth o Ierusalem, PH 5408.

(g) With óen-: F. . . . ┐ L. for ōenl.¤, M. ┐ D. forsan l.¤ n-aill on the one hand . . . on the other, Rawl. 149a35 . a h-ocht Ailgenan na n-each / co ndeachaid d'eg ar enleath together, BB 61b31 . a óga tigidh d'einleath, Duan. F. ii 68 § 11 . cuirfiter d'éinleith will be put aside, RC xxviii 318 § 30. do rug ar n-omhain d'aoinleith dispelled our fear, DDána 18a.5 .

IV With prepositions (many uses with prepp. are exemplified also under III).

(a) With A: a lleith posessoris by virtue of being possessor, Sg. 198a18 . a lleith atraib gl. extrinsecus, in the matter of possession, 198b1 . a lleith indí atreba, 200b11 . a lleith aittrebthado gl. intrinsecus, 204a1 . biat-sa as do l.¤ I will be at thy side, Alex. 93 . ac urchuitmhe assa leith making excuses on his own behalf, Anecd. ii 68.4 . See also under i l.¤ fri.

(b) With AR (in later lang.): tug fiodh ar leith do lighe made the tree to bend to one side (one of the marks of an auspicious reign), L. Cl. A. B. 224.127 . rachadsa ar do leith `I shall side with thee', Duan. F. ii 244 § 16 . techt ar a leith féin to side with him, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 40.10 . ar mbeith d'Eireamhón ón fhior / ar leith gléimheadhón Gaoidheal `when E. had parted from him amid the Gaels(?), Studies 1920, 98 § 5 . níor luigh ar leith a mháthar did not depend on(?) (of Cú Chulainn), DDána 96.29 (`encroached not on his mother's land', Ir. Monthly 1927, 437 ).

(c) With DO (in some cases perh. DI): do leith dano dó a óenur frisna tri cóectu mac on one side, LU 4914 = TBC-I¹ 429 . ni-s-téged nech do muintir G. secci do leith, do na tabrad sceim némnig to one side(?), PH 7212 . co mba hecin di usce na Temrach da tharraing do l.¤ ┐ cach cumal ar uair 'na haghaidh (i.e. she always carried one side while the others took turns on the other), RC xxiv 190.8 . in Mangartach . . . do leith de ┐ Sliab Cruadha . . . don taob eile, ML² 320 . gach meacain gach lus don leatsoin there, Hackett xlii 59 .

Usually as prep. phrase with follg. gen. In concrete sense in the direction of, towards : iarsin tictís, gním cen chleith, / ind ríg dia leith ó thír thoich to him (`on account of him'), Metr. Dinds. ii 24.74 . do leith na hairde thuaidh facing the north (of a tent), 3 C 19, 51 vb15 . nac[h] racainn do leith mo aigte I would not go forward, TBC St. 1592 . líne do leith a aighthe / do chathaoiribh cumhdaighthe opposite, DDána 85.42 . do leith a aighthe in front of him, CF² 1036 . do leith a ccúil . . . do leith a ndrumann, AFM iii 320.9 , 11 . Of the seat of a disease: go mbi nescoid isna hairnibh uair ann do leith in droma ┐ uair eile do leith a sreabhonn . . . ┐ uair do leith a gcabhán, 3 C 19, 201 rb26 - 28 . Of time: doleith na haidhche towards night, 3 C 19, 73 va 24 . do bi dias do Gaidilaib ann sin do l.¤ in Chimsogaig on C.'s side, Ann. Conn. 1281.4 .

past, by (here DI(?)): romgab do leith losinan the fox avoided, slunk by me, ZCP i 459. 11 . amail sinchān do leith ǣgaire, MacCongl. 85.2 (`approaching a shepherd'). Fig. na hinghena . . . nobitis ic amran ┐ hic duchunn no geibed do leith doib dano imradagh anma Hectoir used to avoid(?), LL 405a19 ( TTr.² 1086 ).

In more abstr. senses. With respect to, as regards, according to: is do leith genelaig fer nGréc doib, Dinds. 128. ? tiucfaidh in cétmuinnter fo coruib ┐ cidh adhaltrach hí ticfaidh a fear .i. do leth in oirechta comtibach, O'D. 2077 ( Rawl. 487, 58 ). a chlú do leith eolasa ┐ eagna, Keat. ii 204 . do leith a athar ┐ a mháthar `both on his father's and mother's side', O'D. 4896 . a n-éagmais a hárdchéme onóra do leith a glúine geinealach `in respect of', Párl. na mB. 3570 . in ratione cibi .i. do leith an bhídh, 23 K 42, 307.15 . do l.¤ dileghtha an adbuir, RC xlix 8.4 . More specifically because of, from, on account of: do leith G. because you are related to G., Irish Texts ii 44 § 35 . do leith ubhaill a fhachain, DDána 10.6 (`an apple caused it,' Ir. Monthly 1929, 211 ). do leith a nemdilegtha pour cause de l'indigestion, O'Gr. Cat. 217.7. na neithi . . . disgaoileas do leith a teasa because of their heat, 3 C 19, 49 ra27 . do l.¤ an fuail from, by means of (in diagnosis), 23 K 42, 151.17 .

(d) With FO separately, severally, individually : cách fo leith gl. singuli, Wb. 5d3 . ní [i]mmalle acht is cach æ fo leith, 17d2 . cechtar nái fo leith, Sg. 63a15 . mórfeser a dám inna thúaith, cóicer fo leith when engaged on his private concerns (as an individual), Críth G. 379 ( fo le[i]th(e), 428 ). ainmnigestár cach fer fó leith cona anmaim diles fein, LU 1811 . ar cach n-ái fo leith díb, TBC-LL¹ 2726 . cech macc fo leth dia maccaib, PH 6613 . sláinte anma is cabhair chuirp / atáid fa leith na labhuirt, Arch. Hib. i 99 § xi . ima leith alternately, Laws iv 372.21 Comm . ┐ mar sin ar na peacadhuibh eile fó leith, Mac Aingil 2061 . an biobla ma leith, .i. leis fein amhain, gan ghluais, etc., Luc. Fid. 4592 . Somet. with FOR in this sense: don oenfer for leith `for one man only', Mon. Tall. 156.28 . oc ainmniugud a ball for leith, PH 7326 . gach pearsa ar leith 'n-a Dhia dhíbh, DDána 25.6 .

(e) With FOR (AR) aside, apart : tēit leo for l.¤ aside, Sc.M² 4 . co-rrala a cholaind for l.¤, ┐ corro-an a chenn i fertais in charpait to one side, 19 (leith, R.) luid īarum for l.¤ a óinur `aside', Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 6 § 5 . ro bae-side . . . ina throscud i Sliab Sína ar leith `apart', Celtica iv 28.381 . in ticfa ar l.¤ do immacallaim frimsa?, ZCP ii 135 § 9 . gādatar mnā Connacht do Conchobur tuidecht for leith, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 6 § 5 . atat acum sund for leith / curaid ri cath . . . (: creich), TBC-LL¹ 516 . ruc leis for l.¤ da mac Z., PH 3024 . tucait aes dána Ulad ar l.¤ , RC xiv 430 § 56 . ar leith gá fhad fhuileongas? `how long will he suffer the affliction of being far away?', Aithd. D. 8.19 . ar leith [ó] dheachmhaidh Dhé `exempt from', PBocht 7.25 . ar leith atám ó theasda laid aside, Studies 1924, 87 § 15 . ar leth nó i ccoitchinne in particular or in common, RSClára 117b . ? in slicht socinelach geinfes for leith on ridiri ┐ on maigdin sin, Grail 2669 . In this sense somet. with FO: ód thriall fó leith, Oss. vi 54.19 . doimthigh a nimh . . . as fo leith, Ériu v 88.34 . ? With TAR: no gur cuir in rig dar l.¤ mathair a cloindi put aside(?), YBL 317b24 (cf. Aided M. Gloss.).

(f) In quasi-adjectival use with both FO and FOR apart, separate, different, special : gnáe far l.¤ gl. separatim, Sg. 73b1 . syllab fo leith, 165b2 . co ndergensat rainn fo leith di gl. separauerunt ab aliis partibus, 187b6 . 188a22 . 188b5 . 212a6 . Of a particular kind of assembly: cis lir cenēla airechta dochusin la Fēne? . . . A cōic: cūlairecht ┐ taebairecht ┐ airecht uirdnidhe ┐ airecht fo l.¤ et airecht fodesin, ZCP xii 359.14 . airecht fo l.¤, is a suidhi bīt nadmand ┐ ratha (sic MS.) ┐ fiadain, 360.1 . torinolta i tech for leith, Trip.² 228. biaid pian for leith er son cech peccaid air, PH 7617 . gabsatt . . . ferann fo l.¤ , BColm. 8.3 . atá i n-airicul fo leith, LU 3374 ( SCC 16 ). rogairm Cond . . . ar fót fo leith `called C. aside', Ériu iii 160.y . trí lá is tri aidche ba leith / bámmar uile i tig Cachir, RC vii 292.53 . dath fo l.¤ a eduigh cach lae, Laws ii 148.6 Comm . cás ar leith an Lúan `Doomsday, supreme danger', PBocht 5.47 . rann ar leith ni dliged dam, Irish Texts ii 41 § 9 . seómra ar l.¤ , RSClára f. 111b . pian ar leith ar an intinn, ┐ pian fá leith ar an gcorp, TSh. 6495 - 6 .

(g) In phr. le(i)th for (ar) le(i)th on both sides, respectively, both of them (usually of two persons or groups): ra fornaidmit na glinni sin leith for l.¤ , MU² 106 . co mbaí . . . nónbur ra hulibásaib eturru l.¤ for l.¤ , 118 . rointer Eri l.¤ ar l.¤ `share and share', Metr. Dinds. iii 358.35 . in cath rolád, l.¤ for l.¤ , iv 250.65 . ro tuit . . . in cath l.¤ ar leith, CCath. 2217 . M. . . . ┐ F. / fríoth a n-árach leath ar leath, DDána 64.25 . táinig a ré leath ar leath / sgol Uladh, éigse Laighneach, 115.2 . forna cathaibh leath ar leath, CF² 1195 . go rangattar . . . da nionaduibh féin l.¤ ar l.¤ respectively, BNnÉ 201.33 . a gcoingheall leath ar leath (aequa utriusque conditio), TSh. 3871. More generally: an tuile dhámh, leath ar leath the throng of companies, side by side, Ériu v 56.67 . an cúiger druadh, leath ar leth `the five wizards, side by side', iv 222 § 38 . In follg. rather in turn, one after the other : fuaradh na mball leath ar leath, DDána 27.6 . ughdair Ghaoidheal leath ar leath, O'R. Poems 1473 . fágbhuim-si fós, leath ar leath / beannacht uaim ag gach aoinneach, Celtica iv 119 § 30 . Note also: as mar sin an cethramadh cric as mesarda ┐ is ferr acu l.¤ ar l.¤ `all things considered', Ir. Astr. Tr. 140.x . Other constructions: di leith for l.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 1685 . do leith for leith, MR 222.z . do leith fo leith, 240.24 . leath um leith, PBocht 18.17 . do leith dar l.¤ , TTebe 3122 .

(h) With I in such a wide and subtle variety of meanings as hardly to be amenable to classification. That given here must be regarded as arbitrary, and the ascription of an example to one category or another is in many cases very doubtful.

In physical sense beside, in the direction of, towards : co cualatar guth mbec ina hingini hi leith in tigi, Irish Texts i 2.18 (cf. Bethu Brigte 38) . rothicfa it' lethe-su will come to thee, Imr. Brain 49 (`to thy parts'; `to your country', Murphy Lyrics). Laighnigh i leith do dhroma behind you, DDána 101.53 . i leith leaptha red lennán, BS 46.4 . With follg. DO: a leith don chaislēn, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 26.24 . a leith da druim from behind, TTebe 1016 . Cf. forsin marcsluag do bi l.¤ da ndruim behind them, Ann. Conn. 1247.7 . = a leith a ndroma, ALC i 376.18 .

Of kinship, family connection: hua-som Codiáir moir . . . i ll.¤ o mathair on the mother's side, LU 1136 ( ACC § 121 Comm. ). dáermacne . . . a lleth o mathrechaib, TBC-LL¹ 1739. ar ni boi astig nech bad glica a l.¤ o mnaib `weil im Hause auf Seiten der Frauen keine Klügere war', ZCP xiii 270.6 . comdais meic do Mac-Con na trī Fothaid gē beit i leith Sīl Fergusa, Corp. Gen. 263 . sil a leith ciníl do chríadh, Irish Texts ii 35 § 31 . leanfa D. . . . i leith athar rian na Róisteach, Ó Bruad. i 110.3 . ? enmac do fhácuib do chloinn / ina leith do Tuathaib Temra, Irish Texts ii 23 § 12.

téit i l.¤ joins forces with: resorts to, places one's trust in, seeks refuge in: ós éigin dóibh dola id leith `they will surely join thee', Aithd. D. 24.18 . a luas . . . / do-chuas i leith láimhe libh `the speed with which men flocked to thee', 77.22 . dol na l.¤ dí ní digha, Irish Texts ii 57 § 4. Cf. dochóidh . . . / Muire i leith mh'oige d'fhighe `Mary . . . has set about weaving my nature', PBocht 12.28 . leabhair Chaisil is chláir Macha / nír mheiste dhóibh dol 'na leith, L. Cl. A. B. 237.10 . dola a leith na leabhar linn, KMMisc. 174 § 29 . cách i leith a deisi ag dul resorting to force (?), L. Cl. A. B. 193.92 . mar thug láimh fá chreich na Cásg / a leith a grásd do-cháidh Crísd, IGT Decl. ex. 1001 ( DDána 38.6 ). ní a leith a chémend do-chúaidh / an Múaid ag breith lémend lúidh was not content to proceed at its normal pace(?), IGT ex. 1256 .

fo-ceird (cuirid) i leith assigns to, ascribes to: curther a n-ugturas hi lleith Duid a oenur, Hib. Min. 128 (of Psalms). is e Ferceirtni cuires in irad so i ll.¤ na n-ugdar ┐ ite na hugdar (sic) i cuirter l.¤ , BB 299b36 - 7 . ferta . . . meic Dé do chur i lleth Belzebúb to give B. the credit for, PH 6436 . is e fath ara cuirther primhdhacht i lleith na tri mberla sin `superiority is claimed on behalf of', Auraic. 162. Cf. ilmuine mic Dé nacha cuiridhsi i far leth feisin `which claim not ye for yourselves', Laws i 22.22 Comm . Also charges with, lays to the account of, attributes to: is lib-si fessin . . . in chair doralais inar leth-ni, Alex. 946 . Críoch Chonnacht a ndúthchas féin/ na leith ní cuirthe mar chéim `is not to be brought as a charge against them', Content. vi 91 . ar n-éara 'n-a leith na léigidh `let not my rejection ever be brought (as a proof of carelessness) against Thy work', Aithd. D. 77.17 . cuir 'n-a leith do chosg do chean / an rosg do bheith ag briseadh, DDána 27.4 . dá gcuirthear uabhar i leith fir aca, TSh. 9368. Cf. ar an máthair atá id leith `thy supposed mother', Keat. ii 6353.

In phrases with other trans. verbs in sense of committing, entrusting to: nít erpi i lled nach áili `with any one else', Wb. 1d10 . lecam ar ráma úan isa muir ┐ foncerddam i ll.¤ ar Tigernai `let us cast ourselves upon our Lord', Ériu xi 137.8 . cuir hobair a leith an Tighearna `commit thy works unto', Proverbs xvi 3 . lecsiu immurgo i ldeth nDe mess for a menmain-som `leave it . . . to God', Mon. Tall. 148.11 . do ré[i]r is ad l.¤ legmuid, Ériu iv 224 § 48 . caingne in tsenaidh . . . do lecon i lleith na ndea `to trust to the gods', CCath. 4549. ar ndíon 'n-a leith ná leigeadh (of Christ's wounds), DDána 48.8 . cipe leces a furtacht ┐ a cobhair i lleith in Coimdedh, ZCP iv 390.13 .

With vb. to be expressed or understood relying on, engaged in etc.: arn-iumramh a leith Dé under God's protection, KMMisc. 322 § 5 . bím i leith guidhe do ghrás `I trust in imploring Thy grace', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxvii 1 . bíom 'na leith i ló an bhrátha / dom dhíon ar eagla an ursgátha, DDána 12.14 . i leith fhaghla ós eadh atá bent on(?), 106.4 . láeich a leith a farchadh `handling their mauls', Studies 1920, 417.20 . Here also perh. gé tú inníu i lleith eiseine (? leg. eisléine), Anecd. ii 22 § 9. Cf. i lleith leinne, LL 18172.

On the side of, along with, in support of: hóre attá innar leid cia conicc ní dúun gl. pro nobis, Wb. 4b11 . robu ferr leu buith hi leith Duaid on David's side (in battle), Ml. 87c4 . robbet inna lobrān leith / ria ndul i ṅgnūis spirta nóib `may they be on the side of her weaklings', Thes. ii 348.5 ( Hy. v 90 ). bīd 'na leith used to be with him, ACL iii 307 § 27 . ? uair is ina leath itá (`since it concerns them(?)'), Leb. Cert.² 260 . ar tí airm do chur ar a chois arís a leith an rí in support of, Rel. Celt. ii 202.29 . sé 'n-a leath acht go léigdís had they allowed Him to help them (the two thieves), Dán Dé xx 25 . Perh. also: fágthar misi a leath a bhfuil sa bhfaithedh let me be left to take charge of all [the foes] who are on the field, 23 I 1, 66.18 . an banntigerna bís orra . . . a l.¤ a lámh bítt na mná so [do]gres `are always obedient to her', Maund. 135.

With respect to, concerning, in the case of: dogniat . . . guchoibsenae do thuildiud indaldeth fadesin do tormuch pende foraib `make false confessions about themselves', Mon. Tall. 153.1 . a cion i leith an leanaibh her crime as regards the child, A. Ó Dálaigh li 21 . cenn Muman i lleith o clercibh `as regards its clerics', CS 1008. Perh. also: mar dhaingean i leith a láimhe `to strengthen his hand', PBocht 1.41 . tlás a l.¤ lamh, Irish Texts ii 31 § 3 . a leth laithe `according to the day', Leb. Gab.(i) 240.y .

Various: in mil . . . do rinne in foguil; is a dul ina leth `it (the beast on which the lot falls) goes for its crime', Laws ii 6.30 Comm . in gell do tuitim i lleth in ti tucustur he `the hostage surety falls upon the person', 136.21 Comm . i leith fheirge is eadh a-tá / nach deirge an cneadh an chéad-lá `owing to his wrath', Dán Dé xxviii 7 . a dtéid duid do na deich genoibh / tuig soin san leith ina libh `think of thy share in the ten nuts only in the aspect in which it is thine', PBocht 7.27 .

(i) In phr. i le(i)th fri, in O. Ir. glosses a ll.¤ fri, where a is a s. neut. of article, cf. later l.¤ re without prep. (below).

In the direction of, towards : a nem hitat aingil i n-uachtar ┐ firmimint a ll.¤ frinnai ille `on the side towards us', Ml. 42b10 . i lleth friusom opposite them, LU 1987 ( FA 5 ). i leith risin muir moir, CCath. 1942 . ni dechaid A. isna crichaib borétaib i ll.¤ fri téchtmuir, Alex. 437 . i nilar comperta i lleith re mnaibh ilarda with, BCrólige 57 gl. 7 . Cf. cidh il-leth in tigi fris even in the other side of the house, Lism. L. 1483. Similarly l.¤ fri: isin rann tuaidh do na Deisibh l.¤ le hEoghanact, ITS xvi 56.4 . leath re Hierusalem towards J., Isaiah vii 1 . Of time: hi l.¤ fri aidchi towards nightfall, RC xxii 394.8 .

More freq. as regards, with respect to, in the matter of, touching : a lled fri Abracham `as regards A.', Wb. 2c3 . a lled friss fadesin, 6c18 . a lled fri spirut gl. spiritaliter examinatur, 8b16 . a lleth frissan ingraim gl. quantum ad praesentem causam pertinet, Études Celt. xl 59 ( Ml. 30b2 ). cidh is fis, ┐ cidh is anfis . . . a leith reisin comairce?, Laws iv 228.15 . i ll.¤ fri do[i]nib . . . i ll.¤ fri Dia, Rawl. 75a47 . i leith re claidem when it comes to a sword, SG 248.17 . ro taiselbad he i leith risin fer `it was ascribed to', Laws i 34.10 Comm . is uasal i lleith re tabuirt `when considered as a gift', v 214.17 Comm . cinntech i l.¤ fri Dia, PH 6218 . i lleith ra hiris Críst, Anecd. iii 64.22 . ní measa fian Chaisil Chuirc / i leith re déanamh gach uilc, Content. ii 3 . ar gheallsad sliocht Éibhir Ḟinn / do chomhaillsead i leith rinn `in our regard,' vi 101 . a leith re hóglách m'aosú for a youth of my age, BS 44.8 . ba mór an techt (écht) hisin i l.¤ re mac taoísigh, AFM iii 648.14 . In BCC and Beatha S.F. often l.¤ re without prec. prep.: leith riu as regards them, BCC 18.13 (§ 33) . l.¤ re Día, 90.4 (§ 94) . leith re haibíd, Beatha S. F. 1397 . leith re sbioraid, 683 . In some contexts with more specific meaning of because of, by reason of, by, through : is ed fodera in comrorcu sin dam i ll.¤ frit-sa `owing to thee', MacCongl. 57.7 . a leith ré huathbhás with awe, Ó Héodhusa 66.z . l.¤ re do glicus fein `according to', Celtica ii 62.22 . do leag Dia a lámh air leith re heasláinte righinn do chur ar a chorp. Beatha S. F. 154 . In follg. perh. against : i dteach nDé do ria an ríoghan / Dia lé i leath ris an saoghal, DDána 99.38 (`against the world', Ir. Monthly 1919, 227 ). guais a lonn-ḟuighle i leith ribh, Content. vii 8. But: tiucfaid Laighin a leith ribh / beith at aighidh ni heidir on your side, Irish Texts ii 98 § 15 . Other exx. with follg. FRI: leath re Fodla fuil Uidhir / Fodla ni fuil 'na aghaidh `auf Fodlas Seite ist Odars Blut', ZCP ii 331.29 . gan neach d'Eirinn 'na aghuidh / is l.¤ re Heirind Ulaigh `sind auf Erins Seite die Ulaten', 332.1 . si-se leath re Lámhach, DDána 98.38 . ní bhiadh . . . / leath ag Dia ris na daoinibh `God would not have come among men', Aithd. D. 98.5 . For Mod. Ir. maidir le, mar le (mad i l.¤ fri) see O'Rahilly, Ériu ix 14.

(j) In phrases replacing earlier ille, immalle: o sin i leith, Anecd. ii 3.8 (= i lle, Airne F. 77 ). ón ló sin i lleath, Dhá Sgéal Art. 1180 . o shin a leath, Smaointe B. Chr. 169. a hAlbain a leith, AFM iii 366.z . Cf. toit cuccum-sa i lletsa `on this side', CCath. 2982 . `rosc' tuigsin gach neich ma le, Metr. Gl. 11 § 10 (maleith, LL).

B In meaning half .

I

(a) a half, the half (of): ni roisset á l.¤-adi gl. mediam aetatem, Ml. 74a11 . ni arindí bed l.¤ ṅgotho no bed indib (ref. to semiuocales), Sg. 5a4 . a ll.¤ o laim deiss gl. dexteram . . . partem, 17b2 . dephtoros dodichsed inna leith chomsuidigthi `would enter as half of the compound', 18a4 . l.¤ ind orpi-so `half of this heritage', Thes. ii 239.16 ( Ardm. 17b ). a lleith n-aill, AU 747 . a leath na cille, 836 . isindara l.¤ in lestair ┐ in l.¤ n-aill dō-sum, Corm. Y 1059 (p. 92.6) . o leuth lathi, SR 8041 . l.¤ fer nAlban, Anecd. i 1.2 ( SCano 3 ). l.¤ nó trían do chruth, TBFr. 224 . l.¤ na haidche, Fing. R. 791. i leith laoi at midday, DDána 42.3 . l.¤ ruith ┐ l.¤ gabra `riders in chariots and riders on horses' (notes), BDD² 460 . ní rabi la Ultu láth gaile rosassad l.¤ méite fair, LU 9184 ( FB 91 ). co n-acca ara chind in fer ┐ l.¤ a chind fair ┐ l.¤ fir aile fora muin, LU 4933 ( TBC-I¹ 448 ). dagénsa dá leth de (a warrior), LU 5306 ( TBC-I¹ 829 ). leca lógmara . . . ┐ a llethe úachtarcha ina lócharnaib, LU 2055 ( FA 13 ). trían nó l.¤ a ḟeraind, Imr. Brain 46.13 . mo trín is luga lethi, LL 11031 ( TBC-LL¹ 4198 ). mo trian is luga lethe, TBC St. 3501 . secib ni foghailther a ndiph randaip raiter in dara rand co rab l.¤ cin cob cudruma, Auraic. 2925 . comortus andso se fer 'na leit[h] secha so híos `in the half below' (scribal note), TTebe xvii 26 . ro-scoilt bend-chapur in tempuil in ṅdíb lethib, PH 2896 . i ngach leith don ló `every hour of the day' ( Ir. Monthly 1927, 551 ), DDána 106.4 . gé atá a leath do Cinedh Conuill although half of it belongs to, Irish Texts ii 42 § 16 . do gheibhinn-si . . . / . . . / t'uille ┐ leath do leabtha, TD 14.17 . ní as lía iná l.¤ na nguth (of votes), RSClára 98a . gur thuit in cath-milid C. ina lethib leadairthi, MR 270.16 . do gerr conuige a l.¤ é `clave him to his middle', Fier. 225 . úachtarán leithe Ierusalem, Nehemiah iii 9. ? am luidset co leth lenna, feimidset imram nach leth `when they had got half way across', Dinds. 5.

(b) In legal contexts: lóg leith ungæ di muccib `half an ounce in pigs', Thes. ii 239.19 (Ardm.). trichait l.¤ n-unga n-argait, SR 3152 . na coic leithe unga, RC x 94.2 . l.¤ .uii. cumal a smacht cana, Ir. Recht 37.16 . coraigecht aenmna re bliadain dam . . . ┐ l.¤ feissi dogrés `half-conjugal society', Acall. 4955 (SG). trian n-urgnama, a l.¤ do mnai do gni half of it (milk) to the woman who does the work, Laws ii 364.23 . l.¤ do fir fodngaib, l.¤ n-aill do faithchi hi fogabar, iv 184.18 (of swarming bees). l.¤ méich tharai a half measure of kiln-dried wheat, Críth G. 111 . l.¤ n-arathair a half share in a plough, 158 . díre a béla colpda(i)ch; a l.¤ dia ḟidbu, etc., 247 . secht fuile cena dia mbeir liaig l.¤ half-fee, Laws v 362.15 . let leithi in trin one-half of one-half, ii 366.2 Comm .

(c) Of territorial divisions: cu ru raind Hérinn dar dó ┐ co tuc in l.¤ ro boí sís d'Hérind do Thúaith Dé Danann et in l.¤ aile do Maccaib Míled, MU² 5 , 6 . leath / indsi móiri Mac Mílead, Leb. Cert.² 263 . rannfa meise . . . / i ndíbh leithibh críoch fhuar Éireann, DDána 111.8 . Domnall mac dā leithi (.i. al-l.¤ tes ┐ tūaid dind Érinn), ZCP xii 236 § 56 , cf. in fíal Fer dá lethe, Fél. Dec. 4 . On the traditional division of Ireland into L. Cuinn and L. Moga see O'Rahilly, EIHM 191 - 2 . Lex aui Suanaich for Leith Cuinn, AU 748 . ruc leth na muici cona druim ó Leith Cuinn, Sc.M² 18 R . Mug Nuadat a quo leth Moga N., Rawl. 147b19 . tairct[h]er leth Érenn uait-si do C[h]onn, ML² 904. Note further: roiniudh for Gallu Locha Cuan re Leith Cathail, AU 943 . leath Branuigh `O' Byrne's half', LBranach 67 . G. . . . ri lethi iarthuraigi Ceneoil Aeda, Ann. Conn. 1224.6 . dala immorro na lethe thess do Chonnachtaib, 1225.14 .

(d) In phr. l.¤ catha, l.¤ gliad (fitting) opponent in battle, adversary: l.¤ catha, TBC-I¹ 3289 (of Celtchar) = TBC-LL¹ 5394. bud leór l.¤ catha do ḟeraib hÉrend siat ac cosnam a tigerna, 5708 . l.¤ gliad, TBC-I¹ 3252 (Rochaid) = TBC-LL¹ 5315. Hence without accompanying gen: is suaill nach leath doib Domnall all but a match for them, Prolegomena 44 § 18 . do budh leath dáibh uile í `she would equal them all', PBocht 9.17 . cath do thabhairt dóibh, gion go bhfuilmíd leath nó trian riú, CRR² 26.

(e) Attrib. g s.: eisinnraic leithi `half unworthy', Laws i 116.3 Comm . a gilla glomhuir amuil a amhus lethe (some kind of a servant), ii 26.5 Comm . roinn leithe ar anbhuain Eirenn a bisection, O'Gr. Cat. 464.12 . do gheall tú roinn leatha dhamh ann do thír, Dhá Sgéal Art. 800.

(f) In vaguer sense part, division : cechtar in da leithe sin `each of those two parts', gl. in duas partes diuidere (of the word uires), Sg. 25b6 . is Persa bar leath share(?), Alex. 191. in leath budh mō da rīge, Ériu iv 178 § 32.

In phrases.

II

(a) In phr. co le(i)th and a half : noichtiche co lleuth 29½ days, BCr. 3c ( Thes. ii 10.5 ). sith mbliadhna co l.¤ , AU 1128 (ii 120.12) . fri ré bliadna co lleith, LU 1279 (H). dí ungi co leith, RC x 62.1 . tri huairi dec co ll.¤ , MacCarthy 46.3 . bliadhain go leith, TD 32.40 . míle go leith, Keat. Poems 1345. Meaning doubtful in: dia tí íasc i n-inbera rot bía hé[u] co lleith araile. Dia tí iall a mmag rot bía caúth co lleith araile, LU 5646 ( TBC-I¹ 1168 ) = co leth arale . . . colleith arailiu, ZCP ix 148 - 9 = dia foígela énflaith . . .co lleith alailiu . . . Día tomna . . . iasc . . . co leith arailiu, LU 5526 = co leith allaile . . . co lleth arailiu, TBC-I¹ 1043 = colleith alailiu . . . colleth alailiu, ZCP ix 145.38 . See TBC-LL¹ 1830 ff ., where Windisch's literal translation (see n. 0 ) with the other half (which makes up the pair) does not seem possible; araile, -iu, etc. may have belonged originally to the beginning of the next sentence (see Fasc. A 119.11 ff ), and hé[u] co l.¤ may be a hyperbole.

(b) In phr. for (ar) le(i)th: fer for l.¤ Connacht `more than half the Connaughtmen', Cóir Anm. 251 . gur cosain . . . treab ar l.¤ Alpan dó, IT, ii2 123.32 . ceall ar l.¤ ceall `one more than half of the churches', RC xiv 30 § 8 . duine ar leith fer nErenn, SG 20.36 . triar for leith a sluag foracbaiset half their army plus three, RC vi 188.13 .

Compds.

In meaning A.

(a) Perh. in sense of -sided in: lethchil .i. lethchlāen, Corm. Y 318 . gruaidh leathchorcra ar lí na subh, L. Cl. A. B. 193.90 . drech lethderg lethgabur (description of Conall Cernach), LU 8636 ( FB 47 ). do Meidbh Lethdeirg, ZCP xi 42 § 28 . do thaeb lethḟas bare, Mart. Tall. 112.1 . druim na leirge leathfholamh, Aithd. D. 20.26 . it é lethgabra amal Conall Cernach, BDD² 1150 , taken in BDD and by Vendryes, Études Celt. iv 397 as subst. ` centaur ', cf. lethghabar .i. lethech, H 3.18, 532.14 ; but cf. gabar .i. solus, Lec. Gl. 536 and see 2 gabor. as aigi-siomh fil in drec[h] lethgabar (of Genonn Gruadṡolus), TBC St. 4500. ag goradh a ghruaidh leithghil, L. Cl. A. B. 90.78 . Luoch Lethglass . . . lethglass e o talmain go mullach a cinn green-sided(?), RC xii 100 § 136. ? Dun da Lethglas, IT iii 40 § 34 (see Hog. Onom.). senchas lethmáel `pointless', Metr. Dinds. iv 24.24 . sluagh lethodar, Leb. Cert. 4.16 . ? bloscad inna gréne frisinna margánu lethrati, ZCP viii 175.24 . cuing leth-remor 'na leth-leirg `broad-flanked', Metr. Dinds. ii 46.10 .

(b) More partic. ¤ard etc. lit. (high) at one side, hence uneven, unequal: measam laidi (leg. lige) lethard lopsided, ZCP xvii 69 § 9 = ACL iii 230.155 . Usually in more abstr. sense unequal, unfair , etc.: claen cach lethard, O'Curry 351 ( H 3.18, 193b ). dire l., BCrólige 5 . tacra la leath-ard n-ae `to plead in support of an unequal cause', Laws v 252.11 . In Laws Comm. freq. lethairde: fo comairdi no fo leithairde `equally or unequally', iii 270.7 . comhroinnter eturru fein fo lethairde unequally, iv 254.11 Comm . ba lethard cundartha / ba tomus lettromm `an unequal contract, uneven measure', MacCongl. 73.29 - 30 . cid lethard a ngrād, BColm. 34.1 . im lethard rainne unfair division(?), ZCP xii 365.2 . ba lethfota a lám one of his arms was longer than the other, iii 218 § 24 . adhaigh is lá go leathfhada `of unequal length', Aithd. D. 61.20 . nī bu leithísel in mám down at one side, Hy. v 56. Hence with certain adjj. of defective rhymes: coic fodhla arē ccuibdes oll: / leathfoda, leathtend, leathtrom, / bruilingicht, nī bec in col, / let[h]garbh gin a lesugud, ZCP xii 295 § 6. See lettrom etc.

(c) Hence with nouns meaning judgement, opinion, contract etc. onesided, partial, prejudiced: ar n-aonbhrath breithimh-ne san Luan ní bu leathaighne partial advocate, Aithd. D. 55.7 . leathbháidh fil agat re hÓ F., Maguires of F. 18 . can lethbreath iter saidbir ┐ daidbir impartial, YBL 167b39 . ar in lethbreth ruc A. imon ubull orda, Aen. 211 . leith-bhreath le báidh ní bhéara Ó Fearadhaigh, DDána 109.20 . leithbr[ia]thar accusation(?), Acall. 7995. masa lethbrostu . . . no masa combrostu setting-on on one side (of dogs fighting), Laws iii 196.1 Comm . cia lethcoimpert i n-airbert breithe (improper behaviour in a judge), O'D. 536 ( H 3.17, 432 ) = O'Curry 2271 ( Eg. 88, 20 ), see ZCP xv 355 . arin lethcumaid dorōine sé ara brōgaib fēin sech brōgaib na manach the partial treatment he gave to his own shoes, ZCP iii 33.6 . lethchuma ar Ghilla Dé / ní cuibe do'n té dogní `an injustice to G.D.', SG 284.5 . do leath-chumaidh ar an gcuid oile don mheithil unfairly, TSh. 10134 . lethedargaire, MR 262.23 . is fer lethetrana do chuaid etarru biassed mediator, Laws iii 196.11 Comm . in t-ochtmad aithne:— na dena leth-fhiadnaise false witness, PH 7619. leath-ghrádh oide idir dhaltaibh favouritism, Content. xiv 13 . Cf. (adj.) dá gcor i sochar leith-leasach dhóibh féin to their own advantage, TSh. 7103. ? freagra do lethluith, O'Dav. 1510 . bíd in éudach coitchenn gan lethpháirt ar bioth `partiality' (i.e. particularity), RSClára 73b . Cf. leathrannach partial, unfair, Eochairsg. 11.31 . partial (poetic) knowledge : nemṡós, lethṡós, lánṡós 'no knowledge, partial knowledge, full knowledge' Ériu xxxii 62 § 1 . ro gníd lethinacht (= lethṡmacht) mór fair injustice, LL 217a33 ( TTr. 22 ). Cf. doghnid Ioip lethsmacht aturu, D IV 2, 26rb48 = BB 4a21 = 411b26 . ni dhearnaidh leathtrom na leathsmacht, 23 E 26, 289.11 . Hence: mad fleteg ledmagtach dogneid dind æclis, Wb. 11d16 (`factions', Gwynn, Hermathena xx 63 ). aighi (aigne ?) lethsmachtach partial advocate(?), ZCP xii 364.27 . brethem beris breith for leth tagra cin imaidbi without hearing both sides(?), Laws v 354.1 . See leithscél, etc. With similar shade of meaning in adjj.: ro bátar leithriata uile fri Poimp ar tus [cein] co táinic Césair `on the side of P.', CCath. 1244 (leitreta, v.l.) is mor is lethreta in cined doenna frisiṅ dualaig-sin in ecnaig inclined to, PH 6876.

(d) Pleonastically with words meaning side, edge, border. The following examples properly belong to sense B and should be considered under (f) Ériu liii 179-80 : dar let[h]bord in longpuirt `edge', CCath. 5431 . lámh le leathbhord along the frontier, DDána 96.13 . i leithimeal Mhuidhe Dermuidhe, Flower Cat. 471.32 . fa leithimel Conmaicne, AFM vi 1882.4 . medhōn idir dhā leithimell do chonngbhāil between two extremes, Celtica i 194.1078 . Cf. frém lethimeallach an láidaigáin `the exterior radix of the little finger', O'Gr. Cat. 287.31 . nirbo fota ro bai an cath can dul do lethleth `inclining to one of the two sides', CCath. 5742 . do leith-leith na sligedh `on each side of the road', Fl. Earls 162.4 . leithreadh .i. leithleith. robdar leithreadha .i. dochuadar do leithleith, no dén táobh, O'Cl. `leath-luighe leaning', Eg. Gl. 421. See lettáeb, etc.

In meaning B.

(a) In a variety of compds. in meaning half: fer lethbali, MU² 195 (`half-township', Gloss.). bith for lethbargin `a half-ration of bread', Ériu vii 162.z . ? midben .i. lethben nó lethuagh fobīth in toraind bis iter indalæ ben de, O'Mulc. 823 . samaisc i llethbeirt half a bundle, Críth G. 213. ailid cach ben . . . lethbiathad a ceile di `half the refection', BCrólige 56 . ? for lethblai baíth, LL 211a7 (see Metr. Dinds. ii 20.48 ). leth-chanóin `demi-cannon', AFM v 1732.13 . lethcoir n-urnadma `das halbe Ordnungsmässige der Antrauung', Ir. Recht 37.20 . mad lechur (= leth-chur) .i. forgiallnai, O'Curry 829 ( H 3.18, 380 ). fosuididter in ben lethdam in fir half the husband's retinue, Laws ii 386.6 . lethdei = semidei, Auraic. 2920 . lethdrécht . . . i ngort `a half-day's labour', Críth G. 84 (see note). a ndo[ro]chair . . . de lethdoinib . . . dineoch nad roacht cridiu cathae shirkers(?), RC xii 104 § 148 . Cf. co torchair fer ┐ lethfer fer nÉrenn leis, Comp. CC 109.18 , perh. a mere turn of phrase, cf. ech ┐ letheach fer nÉrenn, 11 . lethfeidm laech `half effort', Arch. Hib. ii 54 § 7 . aire forgill in lethḟira `des Halb Schwurs', Cóic Con. 38 § 52 . do leith fitt `half-ration', Mon. Tall. 156.20 . lethflaithem .i. fer da cleithe, Laws iv 350.12 . Christo tantum seruit .i. cen ledfognam coiugio without partial service coniugio , Wb. 10a24 . ? dlighidh saerbiathad deisi, ┐ boin lethgabala `a cow of the second quality', Laws iv 350.y . geni gaba acht lethgabail de, 212.z . aithgin cona lethgabail diabulta `with double half-seizure', v 168.4 Comm . a lethgabol (-ál ?) étaig do brutt `half of clothes for mantle', Ériu i 220 § 14 . ¤gáe half-length spear, short spear(?) (possibly one of a pair of spears) : i suainem in let[h]ga letartaigh, CCath. 5598 . lethgai londrecha lasamna, TTebe 1400 . do lethgāethib lethna lict[h]i `half-spears for throwing', Fianaig. 90.1 . an tres fross do lethghaibh, TFrag. 182.6 . ¤Gall Of people of the Hebrides ( Rannsachadh na Gàidhlig i 14 ): uainn do Lethghallaibh léig[idh], Celtica x 196 § 11 . abbas Leithglinne, AU 639 . in Leth-innsi, 1412 (iii 64.2) . leathloghadh (opp. to lánloghadh) `partial indulgence', Mac Aingil 6421 . ? fri tōeb in lāir leithlessi (-lisse, v.l.) `half-ruined fort', Ériu vii 2.17 . nocht-aile isin lethmachaire `half (cleared) plain', O'Dav. 963 , cf. Laws iv 72.18 Comm ; 'pastureland occasionally tilled (?)' Landscape Archaeology in Ireland 248 . leathnomen = lesainm, ZCP iii 226.13 , cf. leth-ainm fir annatha, Anecd. ii 52.6 . lethol n-ais ó cach airig, Irish Texts i 19 § 5 . fuillem cacha leth-oile, Laws v 414.1 . cét lóeg ┐ di lethorc half-grown pigs (?), LU 6930 ( BDD 54 ). for hErainn cen lethrainn undivided, SR 2351 (cf. Wortk. vi 949 ). Bicair Leth-ratha, AU 1490 (iii 346.4) . cosc sair ┐ dair ┐ lethair 'half-noble' = lethṡáer, Celtica xxiv 38 . a laim leathaer sealba, CIH i 210.25 . .i. i lethsuir na selba, 211.1 . Cf. CIH v 1861.16, 18 , vi 2020.18, 19 . tri gnuidh do lea[th]scoilteach `half-cleavings', IT iii 196.6 . ic leithṡeolad ┐ ic lánṡeolad ri lethgaethaib with shortened sail (?), LL 236a33 - 4 ( TTr. 1431 ). leith slighidh half way, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 30.24 . emisperium .i. letspeir, Ir. Astr. Tr. 88.12 . ni tairgend a hathair lethtinol le, Ir. Recht 37.22 . cutrumu leth-tochusa in fir gusa teit `half the property,' Laws v 290.6 Comm . ní fhuaras . . . / leath-tail óm chéill chorpardha `I have not found even grudging obedience', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxix 11 . letorud . . . asin chulid half-produce, Lism. L. 321.16 . ? tech . . . amal bid lethuaim aicenta, ZCP xvii 232.4 .

(b) With names of measures, numbers, periods of time, etc.: leathbhannlá, Párl. na mB. 558 . hi cciunn lethbliadna, RC xxvi 366.18 . tri lethcheat do feraibh Airghiall, 150 men, ZCP xiv 234.12 . fiche bairghen . . . san leithcheathramhain, L. Cl. A. B. 46.15 . adopart teora lethindli trea thír Patricio, Thes. ii 239.6 ( Ardm. 17b ). cetra lá ┐ leith-seachtmuin, Acall. 775 . tigerna na Le[th]-Trian, AU 1538 (iii 620.10) . dond lethtomus, BCr. 31b3 ( Thes. ii 14 ). fri re leth-uaire, PH 2475.

(c) With names of units of value: ledhcethramuine mir a cuidach do chuit S., Trans. RIA xv 19.23 . secht leth-cumala, O'Dav. 746 . leth-cumal i mmuin in tanaise, Laws v 400.x . leithdhéighe ar dhuine ealadhan dá ngealltar eich ┐ ba dhó, L. Cl. A. B. 45.9 . bo ag leth-loige, Laws v 402.z . ledhmharg, Trans. RIA xv 29.4 . lethmiach, O'Curry 1557 ( BB 185bb ). lethpinginn ar lacht caerach, O'Curry 345 ( H 3.18, 191 ). fere obillo dignus .i. ní ferr lethscripul, Sg. 49b10 . screpall cach eledna, no leth-screpall cach nem-eledna, Laws v 334.24 Comm . is let[h]sét inna lóg-side, Ériu xvii 70 § 10. na .v. lethuinge, BCrólige 20 gl. 5 . dorat side .xxx. leth-unga n-argaid da cind, BB 237b22 .

(d) With names of fines, penalties, fees etc.: lethaithgein moíne móges, Críth G. 273 . leth-fir testa leth-arra `half the proof of witness or half-security', Laws ii 92.8 Comm . dligid Ū Gusān cáin a deorad ┐ lethc[h]āin urrad ó ríg Midhi, BColm. 64.25 . a lethdilsi ar .iii. biaduibh co leth mbidh `half forfeiture', Laws ii 264.21 - 22 Comm . lethdire cro otrusa, BCrólige 6 . leithdíri da blāi-neimthib, Cáin Ad. 36 . letheiric otrusa cro gac fir di[a] mnai `half the penalty', BCrólige 6 gl. 4 . laneneclann don mac ina athair, letheneclann do ina senathair, Ir. Recht 40.22 . mād étged nō anfes, lethfīach ind, Cáin Ad. 35 . ioctar lethfiach anfocail ria, O'Curry 2157 ( Eg. 88, 4a ). im aradain ┐ im lethfrichnam na trebaire `half the service of the husbandry', Laws ii 392.12 Comm . leth-fuillem gill cauich (= cuaich) cach rig do chuuch cach airech, v 412.11 . lan gille ┐ lethgille, i 260.19 . na dlegat lethiarra doib `are not entitled to half fosterage-fee', 198.2 . bedidh leth lan (lethlán ?) ngell do tuit for cach, ii 136.17 . lethlóg [n-]enech cach gráid túaithe, Críth G. 217 . direanur lethriaruib beusuib cétgiallna, O'D. 510 ( H 3.17, 415 ). do-beir lethsmacht ina sarugud, Ir. Recht 37.21 .

(e) With names of phonetic and metrical features: leath-aimser for taebomnaib half-length, Auraic. 1211 . áram f la lethguthaigthi `semivowels', Sg. 6a10 . in[n]a lethguta cetus .i. f, l, m, n, r, s, x, Auraic. 2904 . leathgutta ┐ mudi, 344 . it cosmaili a ndī lethc[h]omarc half-quatrains, Corm. Y 574 , cf. O'Mulc. 391 . cati a lethc[h]omarc ?, Corm. Y 1059 (93.9) . lethcuibdius `an internal half-rhyme', Auraic. 3839 . dechnad mór ┐ lethdechnad (a metre), IT iii 6 § 5. lethmíbasc name of a metre, 49 § 89 . ni chuille luthbas lethnath (kind of poem ?), Ériu xiii 18.18 ( O'Dav. 1164 ). in lethrand hīsiu dano .i. imommloiscet mo dā n-ō prūll— caiti a lethrann ? what is its corresponding couplet ?, Corm. Y 1059 (93.20) . ina lethrann tuíseach, IT iii 7 n.3 , see p. 128 . gēb-sa lethrand dús in ba cubaid frissa ṅgēba-som, Fing. R. 119. With rannaigecht of metres with shortened line: leth-randaigecht mor corranach, IT iii 82 § 63 . cumasc leth-randaigechta moiri ┐ rindairde, § 64.

(f) With names of things existing or thought of in pairs. See also examples listed above in section (d). Of parts of the body: lethail (óil) gl. mala, Ir. Gl. 90 . i lleithóil a meic `one of her son's cheeks', Cáin Ad. 12 . flesc . . . . do erissem dia lethlaim furi ┐ lorc isind laim aili `so that their one hand may rest on it', Ml. 45c9 . a lethchoss geidh you one-legged goose (lit. one leg of a goose), IT iii 102 § 190 . for lethcois ┐ letsuil standing on one foot and with one eye closed, RC xii 98 § 129 . co tard a leathgúalainn fria hursaind in tigi, BDD² 542 . dligid in rí a leathgualainn 'the king is entitled to sit beside him', Leb. Cert.² 583 . fó a leth-oscail deis, ZCP v 526.24 . tuc buille ina lethchíg shoiscéla, SG 41.4 . mó ná both leptha a lethchlúas, Metr. Dinds. iv 138.74 . ma ro benad a lethchos, no a lethlam . . . do duine no lethbel, Laws iii 348.11 - 12 Comm . dlighid dno ri A. . . . leathlaimh rig Erend ig ol ┐ ac aenach to be beside, BB 274a4 . ┐ se baccach, leth-roisc, PH 620 . lethsciath `one of thy wings', RC xx 48.6 . ro-s-bensat a leth-shuil ṅdeiss asa chind, PH 553 . gallgha dan lán do leathdorn, DDána 84.45 . a leathára ┐ íth muice, L. Cl. A. B. 45.11 . leathuille dheas Í Dhomhnoill, TD 27.20 . ócc-laech leth-ruisc clí, BNnÉ 94.8 . stuadhus a lethghlún . . . ar bhéaluibh Ḟinn, CF 253 (Eg.) = a glun deas, text. In B. na f.: lethrend .i. lethchos: dā lú is lethrend dībh co losc, ZCP v 484 § 6. Of weapons: 'na leathgrúaidh, Duan. F. ii 224 § 7 . im chechtar a da lethdorn in chlaidib, LL 237b38 ( TTr. 1548 ). Fig. leathlámh, a Dhé, im dhál distress my portion, Aithd. D. 52.1 . ? tríocha laoch gan leathlámha, DDána 86.32 . In deriv. adjj.: misi . . . co leath-lámach, MR 308.7 . tri náimhde . . . lethṡúilecha one-eyed, Acall. 6248. Less exactly with names of other parts of the body: baluid dia lethagid in luirg, TBC-LL¹ 651 . imspelip dano .i. bīd folt cechtar na dā lethc[h]end on each side of the head, Corm. Y 1091 . bit lir . . . renda nime far leithchind ┐ far lethchloigind, BDD² 861 - 2 . lamha leoiti ┐ leithcind letarda, CCath. 3179 . dar leit[h]cenn Sleibi Ois, 4770 . tecmait da sleig inna dib leth-foltaib two tresses(?), LU 4359 . gidh a leathfolt gidh a lanfolt gatar du duine, O'D. 2334 ( Rawl. 506, 36 ). gur leadair in leath-ucht ┐ in leath-bhruinne, MR 300.1 . ro ber[r]tha a lethu[l]chi, SR 6720 (= rasit . . . dimidiam partem barbae, 2 Reg. x 4 ). conda tarla fora lethbeólu lopsided, LU 8382 ( FB 25 ). Note also the adj. lethcholpthach of a defective cow injured in a leg, limping(?): mat leth-colpthach, O'Curry 250 ( H 3.18, 145a ). intan . . . ropo lethcolb in set, O'Curry 345 ( H 3.18, 191b ) = O'D. 662 ( H 3.17, 492a ). cid caoch cíd lethcolptach iat, O'D. 855 ( H 3.17, 609 ). cid lecholb, O'D. 1629 ( H 5.15, 16b ). cid lethcolpach iat, O'D. 1646 ( H 5.15, 20a ). Cf. intan roba chaech no crín no bacach in sét, O'D. 1629 ( H 5.15, 16 ).

With a large variety of other nouns in sense of one of two, one of a pair : ní thuc acht lethassa imme `one shoe', Fél. 12.28 . doníter long . . . do lethblaeisc na huidhi (leg. huighe) sin one half-shell, RC xxiv 377.5 . iall lethbraigi (= bróice), IT iii 81 § 59 . gabaid leithchenn na cloiche, Acall. 2176. genelach húa nEchach Coba ┐ is iat-side let[h]chenēl (lethcenelach, v.l.) Dāl nAraidi, Corp. Gen. 326 (162b13) . dobered-sum lethcluiche forra he would win his game from them, RC v 199.27 . lethcnaim a rig, Laws v 354.5 . led-chollbe flatho `one of the two pillars of the kingdom', Wb. 23d31 . lethcholbe flatho .i. Brigit, Thes. ii 326.3 ( Hy. iv 9 ). leathchonchlonn eile an Íobhail `the Jew's companion', Aithd. D. 94.3 . lethchosmailius lesom inso trisa cotarsnae one member of a comparison, Ml. 30d19 . 37d10 . ro gab a leth-chuarán de, Lib. Hymn. i 187.32 . dom leathchuing fhir ealadhna to my fellow-poet, DDána 76.21 , cf. Aithd. D. 13.22 . nochar leathchumthach leanna / A. `no solitary drinker of his feast', Aithd. D. 42.11 . dá leath-dhlaoi an dréimire the two uprights, TSh. 10832 . tainic ar inchaibh a lethemain `his twin brother', CCath. 2068 . lethén in eóin allmaraig the foreign bird's mate, GJ iv 42b22 . claideb lethḟáebair one-edged, TBC-LL¹ 1718 . aos lethḟaobhoir, ZCP x 285.6 . Cf. cletine .i. lethfaobrach, O'Dav. 568 . is lethgabail flatha fri hEoganacht they are entitled to kingship in turn, Irish Texts i 21 § 13 . leithgenelach D. pedigree on the other side, ZCP xiv 70.6 . is do leithgenelaig fer nGréc dóib, Dinds. 128 = do Greccaib a llethcinel, Bodl. Dinds. 14. fria lethéill a bróci do bein de, MacCongl. 47.9 . smacht lethime one side of a boundary-fence(?), Laws v 270.21 Comm .; y Comm . leathlámhann (sic leg.) one glove, Eochairsg. 64.29 . leathmharcach `fellow-horseman', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 406.8 . lethmuincille, RC xxvi 362.6 . a braithre . . . da mharbadh tre leathol fleghi having shared a feast, Caithr. CC 2 (leg. ḟleadhól? But cf. lethdeog fri caindli sorcha, Anecd. i 14.16 = SCano 480 ). Cf. (adj.) iairmeirgi ḟuar leathrannach `nocturns that equally divide (the night)', Acall. 2963 v.l. ( SG ii 178 ) = ZCP vi 271.10 . Indrechtach . . . lethríg Ulad `one of the two kings of U.', Ann. Inisf. 835 . drem na llethríg, Arch. Hib. ii 50 § 32 . leithrí-sede na Mirmidonda `one of the two kings', LL 240a35 ( TTr. 1741 ). i n-aghaidh an fhir do ríoghais / . . . / leithrí má do-ní do námha a rival king, Aithd. D. 31.18 . C. lethrí Ciarraighe do marbadh . . . do ríg na leithe aile do Ciarraigi, RC xvii 397.7 (Tig.). ro chosain Eocho lethrīgi nUlad īar sin fri Muridach, Aided Echach 202 §6 . i leithríge in tsída fri Fiachna sharing the kingdom, SG 57.25 . G. . . . leaththuiseach don cluichi `one of the two leaders', Ériu xii 142.26 . lethorsa gacha tigi oil door-post, Fen. 166.1 .

(g) With various adjj.: fōcra lethamnas, ACL iii 295 § 24. lethbaiti `half-drowned', Aen. 268 . co torchair sís lethbéo, Trip.² 1505 . na daoine leithbheó dying, TSh. 5698 . doroich . . . in ri cusind epscop ┐ se leth-brec half-speckled with fire, RC xxvi 366.18 . lethchaech gl. monoculosus, Ir. Gl. 624 . cailleach lethchāech, ZCP v 22 § 8 . da mbeth fír occa . . . dam[b]adh gó . . . dam[b]ad lethchintach, IT iii 191 § 20 . cith lethchomnart a n-ude half as strong, ZCP xiii 374.13 (= xx 221 ). lethchosgarthai gl. semirutas, Ml. 128b5 . With -chuind (g s. of cond sense) legal of persons non compos mentis : athgabail fir lethcuind, Laws i 200.29 . ainm do amadan . . . in fer lethcuinn, O'Dav. 485 . o murcuirthi leth-cuind, Laws v 82.12 Comm . Cf. co nderna lethincinn di ar mbrisiudh a leithchinn, TBC-LL¹ p. 315 n.2 . in cetraime lethdedenach second last, IT iii 74 § 34. leithdeimhin `almost certain', Mac Aingil 2424 . re h-anaicentacht leis na lend-brat . . . leth-fada half-long, MR 180.13 . Treithne Leth[g]leór, LL 4917 . Eithne lethgleoir, Rawl. 134b12 . is hé lethgleóir leithinchind lamfota, TBC-LL¹ 5400 = TBC St. 4408. leithghléoir .i. leathshúil ghlóire. laoch leithghleoir, O'Cl. a siriti lethguill, LU 8879 ( FB 67 ). Sothṅge lethgot (n. pr. f.), Rawl. 134b19 . Leath-lobar mac Find, RC xvii 340.x (Tig.). ledmarb gl. emortuum, Wb. 2c26 . a brathair ledarthi leathmarb, TTebe 1013 . coin brena lethoma, LU 2200 ( FA 28 ). lethshathach gl. semisatur, Ir. Gl. 403 . fear uirísiol bean uasal . . . clann leathuasal tig uatha, Párl. na mB. 577 . anní do tindsgnadh atá sé leathullamh, Carswell 16.12 . This prob. also the sense in lethtenn, lethtrom and lethḟota of consonants in the poem in ZCP xii 295 ( daur, gort, bethe . . . / do leith for leith is leathtroum, § 2 ). ngetal, luiss, ruis cona rinn, | nin ┐ muin ... | ... | fedha lettenna, ZCP xii 295 § 3 . fern is coll is tinne tra | ... | donī in trīan sin ... | lethtenn lān is lāncuibdes, ZCP xii 295 § 4 . coic fodhla ar ēccuibdes oll: leathfoda, leathtend, lethtrom, ZCP xii 295 § 6 . With adv.: lesdruim .i. leas uait [┐ fris] cucut, no leatarsna darin druim bis aicmi muine, Auraic. 988 (i.e. the Ogam notches of the m-group transverse the ridge).

In legal contexts: a mic ro gialla, ni cuirthe curu leathfas, O'Curry 1751 ( 23 Q 6, 33b ). ni cuirther curu lethfasa, O'Curry 1064 ( H 3.18 , 440a ). medon-lax .i. leth-lax, O'Curry 114 ( H 3.18, 72 ). cia leth coimperta indarbthar breithemnas no airbert ae leth-balbh teanga ┐rl. .i. comaircim cia in lucht comairbertnaigther don dara leth um an ae um an caingin, O'Curry 1608 ( 23 Q 6, 5a ) `halb Stummzungige', ZCP xv 355. Similarly: cia leth coimpert inarbtha brethe no airbert ae .i. comaircim cia an lucht comairbertnaigter don dara leth uman ae uman caingin ┐ inarbtar o airbert fethamhnais ┐ brethemnais iad .i. lethbhalb tengaid ┐ lethloisc n-eoluis ┐ lethanbal n-ae, O'Curry 2271 ( Eg. 88, 20a ), O'D. 536 ( H 3.17, 432 ), O'D. 1657 ( H 5.15, 22 ), O'D. 1658 (ibid.). fer medongaite leth-indlidhach in ceile `half-unlawful', Laws v 218.17 Comm . O'Curry 2154 - 5 ( Eg. 88, 4a ), O'Curry 2156 ( Eg. 88, 4a ).

(h) Rarely with verbs (mainly for alliteration): cor ben a heochair dar suil Cormaic co ro lethchaech hé, Laws iii 84.1 (Introd. to Lebar Aicle). Ulaidh leis mar leathghabhaid when the Ulaidh take his side, Aithd. D. 20.20 . rí dá lógh do leathtolladh whose side was pierced, 60.2 . ro leithbrisedh ┐ ro lángabhadh an baile, AFM v 1658.20 .

In many nn. loc., both as subst. and as first element of compds. See Hog. Onom.

1 menma

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 menma or dil.ie/31948
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: menme, menmae, menma, menmai, menman, menman, menmmann, menmain, menmuin, menmain, menmuin, me[n]mana, menmm-, menme, menma, menma, menmannaib

n (O.Ir. menmae) n, m. n s. menme, Wb. 6d3 , 10a15 etc. menmae, Ml. 21c3 , 31a24 . menma, Sg. 202a ( Thes. ii p. xxi). menmai, SR 1692. g s. menman, Wb. 1c15 , Ml. 54a1 . in menman , 15a2 . menmmann, Sg. 59b16 . a s. menmain, Ml. 21a8 . menmuin, Wb. 3d13 , 13a12 . d s. menmain, Ml. 54a5 . menmuin, 51a1 . n p. na me[n]mana , 35c5 . Occas. written menmm- in Sg. In Mid.Ir. fem.: ind menme , Mon. Tall. § 39. menma (n, f.), IGT Dec. § 8. (g s. menma) § 2 .

The mind in wide sense, hence

(a) the thinking faculty, the understanding: menme corp animm imbráti mind, body, soul, thoughts, Wb. 31b26 . tucfa mo menme a n-asbérat mo beiúil (gl. orabo mente), 12d12 . oínmenme lib occo et oíngním (gl. unanimes), 6d3 . is imradud á labradsidi in menman the speech of the mind is thought, Ml. 138a3 . frecrae menmman a mental answer, Sg. 28b15 . scríbend menmman an intended writing, 178b3 . airecc menman (= mentis inventum), Hib. Min. 8.252 . i n-ecnairc meanman (.i. a n-ecmais ceille codnaid), Laws v 510.5 , 22 . ticc co menicc fo menmain occurs to the mind, ACL iii 321 § 1. is messi dorat fó menmain Aililla do seirc-siu, IT i 127.32 (LU = for menmain, Eg.). tainicc for menmain do B. tormach . . . do chuingidh, BNnÉ 19.14 . nach raibe for menmain righ nā thaisigh acht fledach neither king nor chief thought of anything save feasting, Marco P. 126. indtí dogní ní do maith fria menmain fadesin the man who does good in intention, Mon. Tall. § 21. in tíí chomailles in maith cretes ho menmain, PH 6794. is tar menmin lim it passes my understanding (? `es geht mir gegen den Sinn' transl.), ZCP viii 175. 27 (Laon Gl.). ni mór conanic Priam a ḟrecra . . . acht namá atbert dar menmain, TTr.² 748 (`in his mind', Stokes; without thinking, on the spur of the moment?). turnfaidh se a mair dar menmuin will upset the minds of all living (?), Irish Texts ii 83 § 15 .

Esp. thought, heed, attention: gíd uathad lín in chaire | do chaitter menma airi (i.e. it calls for attention), TBC-LL¹ 2358. Michél . . . focheird mo m.¤ airi `my mind is set on him', Ériu ii 92 § 2 . bííth a menme frisso[m] (gl. cognoscat), Wb. 13a22 . is ferr menme friss (gl. alioquin [et tu excideris]), 5b37 ; `better is (thy) mind towards Him', Thes.; better bear that in mind (a caveat)? a ben! ni friot atá mo menmo: ata mo menma colleic isind imairiuc, Fianaig. 10 § 1. is beithi menmæ frisin fodor `care must be taken (to check) murmuring', Ériu vii 164.4 . ní théit mo m.¤ fri bethaid I care nought for life, CCath. 2186. m.¤ re cill, cul re tuaith, ACL iii 306 § 9. m.¤ re múnadh máthar (characteristic of a good daughter), ZCP iv 468 § 10. a m.¤ ina ndulemain their thoughts fixed on their Creator, FA 7. focerd m.¤ in coca thairis the cook forgot all about it, Lism. L. 1997. rachuaid a m.¤ dar slúag na Troiana they made no account of, LL 243a21 ( TTr. 1950 ). óid menmain féil Teclae give heed to, Fél. June 1 . In phr. do-beir do menmain considers : tabair co lēir dot menmain 'consider carefully', SR (Adam and Eve) 96.2042 . ​tabair do menmain 'consider', SR (Greene) 3337​ . on uair doratus-sa mu menmain i nDia, Lism. L. 1736 ; ZCP xii 370.1 . bid at menmain bear in mind, remember , Rosa Angl. 222.9 . Thought, i.e. opinion, belief, fancy: ní bá m.¤ la cech n-óen . . . corob . . . no one will deem that, TTr.² 289. nirbó m.¤ léa ben . . . do derscugud dí she did not think that any woman could surpass her, 364 , cf. 366 .

Exceptionally with obj. gen. thought (of), care, concern (for): atta m.¤ int sloig ocom innocht I am concerned about the host to-night, LU 4693 , cf. TBC-I¹ 220. tánic gérmenma ... Con Culaind do Ḟergus 'a sharp premonition ... of Cú Chulainn', TBC-LL² 394 .

(b) of emotional nature, state of mind, feelings (= Lat. animus): bid maith mo menme-se (gl. ut bono animo sim), Wb. 23d2 . ni bu fǽlid leis a menma, FB 56. na mba olcc a m.¤ frimm that he may not be angry with me, Sg. 202 a ( Thes. ii p. xxi ). ba holc lasna haithechaib a m.¤ , ZCP xi 60.21 . ba holc frisin imper a m.¤ de-sin the emperor was perturbed thereby, PH 1028. is tromm ar menmæ linn indiu, ZCP viii 176.5 (Laon Gl.). dagmenme no mesce tre ol cormæ jollity , Mon. Tall. § 40. as coir daoibh m.¤ maith do beith occaibh to be of good cheer, Leb. Gab.(i) i 244.20 . maille re menmain maith ┐ re deghc[h]aithemh aimsire, Fl. Earls 58.13 . mac rig is cuilen mílcon . . . inand m.¤ doib malle propensity, disposition , MR 14.9 .

(c) spirit, courage, self-confidence: m.¤ ┐ meisnech maith do beth acu, ZCP vi 29.22 . as mé an mathgamhain ar menmain, BNnÉ 285.32 . foillsig do menma a Maghnuis!, Irish Texts ii 60 § 25 . leicid deocha dia n-elifinntib . . . do metugud a menman ┐ a ndasachta, Marco P. 187. a n-uabhar ┐ a meanma chroidhe, Isaiah ix 9. Esp. in phrase méit menman (often with notion of overweening self-confidence or conceit): ro chomarlécc Dia do Petar imarbos do denum, náchar-gabad met menman, PH 3178. go ttainic mét menman chuige `pride of spirit', RC xxix 110 § 1. met menman ┐ aicnid, Cog. 188.15 . Éibhear go méad meanma `great-hearted E.', Content. vi 28. ní hiongnadh dhí méad meanman, Gofraidh Fionn v 28 ( Ir. Monthly 1919. ) See also mórmenma.

(d) desire, inclination (cf. Eng. `I have a mind to . . .'): coir menman `an offence of heart, voluntary ', Eg. Gl. 132. do denam a menman ┐ do airiuc thuile dó, ZCP iii 7.6 ( LL 270a5 ). mairg fa ttabhraid mna menma woe to those on whom women set their desire, BS 112.1 . in tan fuarais neach ro gab do meanmain ┐ dia tucais searc, Aen. 689. is í m.¤ ag mac S. . . . dol do chómfégain Chláir Néill, O'Gr. Cat. 408.20. m.¤ theithmi desire of flight, AU iii 544.20 . nochar mhór leis clár-Bhanbha do beith aige re a mhenmain at his pleasure (?), Duan. F. i 86.28 . pl. dar a mōit ┐ dar a menmannaib against their wish and inclinations, Alex. 1101. ba duthracht linn . . . mad iar menmannuib connētsimis (= if we followed our inclinations we would comply with your request?), IT ii2 228.35 Eg. = iar menmannrad, YBL.

(e) high spirits, pleasure, elation (late use): gí bé da ttabhair meanmuin, | atá neach da ttabhair brón, KMMisc. 346.15 . rachthaoi-si amach maille ré meanmuin with joy, Isaiah lv 12. gáirdeachas ┐ meanma mhór, 1 Peter iv 13.

1 úall, úaill

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 úall, úaill or dil.ie/42708

 

Forms: úaill, úall, huall, huall, uall, huaille, huail

n ā, f. (later also o, m., see IGT, Decl. § 96 ) pride, arrogance, vainglory : uaill .i. diomas no mead meanman `pride, pomp, parade, vainglory' P. O'C. : ūall .i. ō āille asberar, Corm. Y 1280 . úaill .i. diomas, O'Cl. úaill f., IGT., Decl. § 14 . úall m. (ón úall innud ...) § 96 .

In Glosses renders elatio, arrogantia : n s. ind huall , Ml. 28a1 , 51a11 . ind huile huall , 43c17 . cech uall , 57a11 . ba maith són act ní bed uall and, Wb. 10b27 . nachinrogba úall, 15d40 . oidrogbad huall ... tria molad doibsom, Ml. 39d22 . connachgabad huall de, 69a17 . rosgab hual dí imbiud a soinmiche, 57c13 . tan it sáithech notgeib úall [sic leg.] ZCP vii 268 § 5 . cid as dech do laec ? ... gnim ard ┐ uaill isil ol in ingen, ZCP xiii 272 § 20 . is col i ndálaib in domain úall cen trebad `pride without husbandry,' Tec. Corm. § 11 . an uall dom char san chéimse | truagh ┐ nar an mh'uaillse (: uaisle), P.Bocht 12 § 16 . bá marb Rúad ... | huall betha badb cach catha, LL 21a32 . ferg, ┐ brón, ┐ uaill, PH 8388 . an uaill aigeanta do fhás roimhe sin ann, TSh. 686 . uáill na ndaoine, Isaiah ii 11 . na bí [bíodh, 1681 ] úaill ort ... ma bhiónn uáill ort, Romans xi 18 . ná déantar leat éagnach ná uaill níos mó, Keat. Poems 299 . a s. ni tabir uáil ... fornn, Wb. 16a1 . in tan dorolaig Dia do in n-uaill dorigni, Ml. 50d15 . frisinnuall (leg. -uaill ?) (gl. adversum inflationem mentis ), 68c1 . With do-gní : maircc doní uaill as óige, Ériu viii 90. 228 . a ghille, | do-ní uaill as do ghile, Dánta Gr. 106.6 . mana derna eisde úaill | ga meisde búaidh ndealbha ar dhúil, IGT, Decl. ex. 1029 . na ndenad (i.e. the king) uaill na diumus, PH 4255 . nách diongnadh ... uáill [aisde féin] ina ḟiádhnaise, 1 Corinth. i 29 . do-gní ú.¤ for acts proudly towards : na dernat uaill na uabur fors-na bochtaib, PH 7877 . téit i n-ú.¤ for: gibé do rachadh i n-uaill ar na sagartaibh, ┐ ná tiubhradh ómós doibh, Eochairsg. 75.19 . ag dul i n-úaill becoming proud : atáid cúain an chon otraigh | ag dol a n-úaill (v.l. nuall) n-imarcaidh, IGT, Decl. ex. 1724 . g s. inna huaille (gl. iactantiae), Ml. 33b17 . trūail .i. dīr ūailli í, Corm. Y 1240 . notal .i. not ūaille .i. comartha ūaille hé, 979 . co n-appad éc n-ualle fort, LU 4156 (= Metr. Dinds. ii 12.40 ). mór in gním n-úalle do rind, 4151 (`the proud feat of the spear,' Metr. Dinds. ii 12 ). Mátchím curaid Cualṅge | co n-adabraib ualle, TBC-LL¹ 3358 . cend side gascidh ┐ úaille ┐ díumais ... in betha, TTr.² 96 . áine uaille, ar chuncid molta o dóinib, amal dogniat na brecaire (in a list of fasts which deserve no reward), PH 8368 . ní hadhbhar uaille dhamh-sa, A. Ó Dálaigh xxviii 7 . Cf. a h-ádhbharaibh uaille `from motives of ambition,' ML 118.3 . sgath m'uaille níor fhulair dhamh | do leigean síos ré séanadh, Dán Dé xxii 6 ( YBL 401a ). fíon nach eochair uaille aniugh `source of elation,' Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 30 § 7 . d s. huand uaill rodgab són (gl. ab exaltatione), Ml. 49a3 . ho huail (gl. gloria), 43a13 . d'uaill a healadhain `from pride of learning,' Content. ix 24 . a bhfuil d'uaill sa[n] ḟiuchadh, viii 8 . B. mac P. doluid co fuaill (ar uaill v.l.) ┐ imtholtain o [a] athair a hErind, Dinds. 145 .

Fig. in the sense of the best, the flower, the pride : do-chúadar re cois an íarla | a híath Ereann ... | úall is engnam gasradh nGrég, IGT, Decl. ex. 1075 . ná tréig orra úall do sgor | léig do longa a cúan chluthar, ex. 1740 .

Compds. : ¤briathar a haughty word : uaill-briathra Ulad d'ísliugad, MR 144.12 . ¤chath a proud host : do badh díol teineadh don uall-chath Eamhna-sain, Ir. Monthly 1920, 651 § 16 . ¤menmnach proud-minded : gur bho hiomárd uaibhreach, ¤mheanmnach, freagartha ... na dtonn, ML 44 y . ¤mer proud and lively : ag seasamh go huaillmhear, Keat. Poems 1451 . uaillmian, highmindedness, ambition : an díomsach, 'na mbí uaillmhian ré forlamhas flaithis ... d'fhagháil, TSh. 7518 . ar bhfiabhrais-ne an uaill-mhian febris nostra ambitio est 7887 . ¤mianach ambitious : an tan chuireas roimhe go huaillmhianach céim do rochtain, Keat. ii 3168 .