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aisil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aisil or dil.ie/2493

 

Forms: aisel, aisle, aiseal, -li, -il, aisil, -le, -il

n also aisel. g s. ind aisle , Laws i 132.24 Comm. aiseal f. (g s. and n p. -li, d s. -il), IGT Decl. § 54 . aisil f. (g s. and n p. -le, d s. -il), § 150 . See Lochlann ii 224 . See Hermathena xcix (1964) 49 - 51

Part, division, joint. Of body: asil gl. artus, Sg. 68a2 . dim cēt aisle, dim cēt ḟethi, dim cét cnámha, ZCP vi 258.16 . sē haisle didiu fil ōthā ind meōir co halt na gūaland, Corm. Y 447 ( Anecd. iv 38.1 ). joint of meat: rannais D. assil tṡailli hi cóic tóchtaib, IT i 41.9 . tuc assill isin coire dó, 19 . dorat . . . B. in n-aél 'sin coire ┐ dobert nói n-aisle d'oénbéimmum anís, RC xiii 58 § 51 . fir in baili dligus aisill loin cach mairt, Laws ii 232.13 Comm. cethri aisle senshaille, MacCongl. 117.24 . Of land: aisil .i. rann, ut est acht aisil do thír frisi-ssuithither. Nó aisil .i. inatt, ut est a comcisnib aisli i clanntar crecht .i. biaidh iarmbrithemnus ann iar comdechsain in inaid in ro glanatht (sic) nó in ro clannadh in crecht, O'Dav. 90 . Of part (of the ornament?) of a sword: claideb . . . co n-a ṡecht n-aslib do dergór ina dessaib, TBC-LL¹ 204 (claideb . . . esnaid óir and, v.l. LU). Of shields: sciath co n-ocht n-aislib findruine, IT ii1 177.92 . doforni oen na n-aisill isin luaith .i. luaithrindi ainm in renna sin, Ériu v 72.20 (making of Cú Chulainn's shield). Cf. aisli .i. faobhar, ut est rinnaighecht i comuaim dá aisli, O'Dav. 57 . ? mas amail aisled is amail cetsceinm, O'Curry 925 ( H 3.18, p. 405 ). ? do-sóigh re táobh caisil cloch / aisil óir gu hÁodh n-eangach, IGT Decl. ex. 1992 . Of cloth: aisle sróil deirg strips(?), IGT Decl. ex. 1375 . In pl. fragments, pieces: iomdha tuir aoil 'n-a n-aislibh `many the white castle overthrown', Aithd. D. 37.36 . tor na aislibh eatorra, IGT Decl. ex. 1348 . go ndearnattar cotanna croinne . . . ┐ blodha bearnacha . . . ┐ aisleagha cearta . . . do na craoiseachaibh, Eachtra Uill. 3016 .

athgabáil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. athgabáil or dil.ie/4770

 

Earlier -ál ā, f., vn. of ad-gaib.

(a) In legal sense of the process of recovery of debts, etc. by distraint. See the tracts in Laws i 64, ii 122 and the account in Laws i xlvi . Also in concr. sense of the goods so taken. For meanings with qualifying words see these. do cetir slict athgabala, heading of tract dealing with seizure, Laws i 64 . atait secht n-athgabala gabar la feine nacon toibget lesa cia ro nasaiter cia ro gaibtar . . . athgabul airach laisi mbi aithach fortha, etc., v 254.1 . atait secht sealba . . . na gaibter athgabail . . . ina teallach .i. noco dlegar athgabail . . . da techtugad, iv 6.6 , 14 Comm. gaibead imme .i. gabair a.¤ aire conderna ime `let a distress be made upon him', 128.19 Comm. apad ┐ troscadh do thabairt air, ┐ a.¤ da gabáil de iarsin (in the case of a person who cannot or will not perform the services of `fubu' and `rubu' for his land), 134.1 Comm. atait secht foruis . . . arachuille coir n-athgabala . . . otha suidiu dligi cach forus n-athgabala dia faithce fodesin i.e. there are seven illegal pounds for cattle . . . these apart anyone may detain them in their own green, v 266.19 . a.¤ ar fut distress after delay, i 208.19 Comm. contrasted with a.¤ tulla immediate distress, 24 Comm. athgabail toxail itir crichaib imdergaib, 74.x Comm. toxal .i. athgabāil ind fir fine do gabáil ō c[h]inaid in c[h]intaig, Corm. Y 788 . mad áil donti geibes in na.¤ daeine do gabail i nathgabail, O'D. 2271 ( Rawl. B 506, 23c ). más comdliged gabthar an athgabháil cid cindti na fiacha is aisic na athgabhála ┐ dilsi na fiacha the article taken in distraint, O'D. 915 (H 3.17, c. 652). apadh ┐ troscadh for in flaith ┐ aithgabail do gabhail don aithiuch fortha i.e. distress is accepted by the `aithech fortha' on behalf of the king, 908 (H 3.17, c. 648). daine di-neime[d] . . . no gabait som forru in athgabail do gabail um cinuig in rig, Laws v 254.x Comm. rucus slān fuaslaicthi di a.¤ . . . ba deithbir ar ba athgabāil gabtha fri indliged .i. nī acclaid fuatach na hathgabāla dina-daimth[er] dligid na cirtt i.e. the taking back of the article by the person distrained against, Thurn., ZCP xv 364 § 48 . rucus forus n-athgabāla i n-alachrīch I decided that it was lawful to impound beyond the territory, § 49.

(b) With similar meaning in less specialized texts: do-bádi [fingal] a greit ┐ a a.¤ pledge (`Pfand'), ZCP xi 85 § 38 . crō ō inn dano, is hēisidh[e] saighes fine ar urradhas ar ath-athgabāil (sic), Ériu i 214.27 . athgabhail .i. cró aighe, O'Cl. cía fuaitges in n-a.¤ `who seizes the pledge', Metr. Dinds. iii 212.30 and Corr. ní lamar la graifne in gáid / élud, aithne, a.¤ , 18.224 . di marc hi n-athgabāil in satisfaction, ZCP vii 305.14 .

(c) In phr. fo-ácaib a.¤ leaves, gives pledge, security (in compensation), leaves possessions: ni ḟaicfed dano a.¤ túath nó chenél lasa mairfide som the people by whom he should be slain would die destitute, RC viii 50.5 (`no folk by whom he would be slain would get reprisal', Stokes). ní ba mór itir faicebtha athgabāil `thou shalt not leave any great inheritance(?)', Ériu viii 157.y . nocon(on)faicebsa a.¤ latt intan immosceram, RC xiii 436 § 4 . So also: na ricfa a anim nem ┐ na biad a a.¤ i talmain he will leave no goods on earth, LL 354d8 . cen athgabail nime na talman ūadhibh should leave neither spiritual nor worldly inheritance (?), Cáin Ad. 31 . nambad iarfasti a chiniud la cách / ┐ nad mbíad a athgabail día chiniud co bráth that none should ask after his people and that he should leave no inheritance to his people, Trip.² 2515 .

(d) In phr. co n-a.¤ including , cen a.¤ excluding: na huile cneda . . . otha bas go banbeim go nathgabail an bais ┐ gin athgabail an banbeim, Laws iv 232.11 Comm. coruicce ard-airig .i. co nathgabail in airig aird, v 402.27 Comm. o ind in méoir co n-a.¤ maethan a n-imdha, Thr. Ir. Gl. 17.20 . in lin . . . airimther o dialt co bricht cona n-athghabhail diblinaib inclusive, Auraic. 904 . can athgabail Ṡlainge not including S., Fen. 46.1 .

(e) In general sense of plunder, booty: cloc ┐ salm do eclais geill do rígaib . . . aithgabáil do fennethaíb, LU 9787 . do thabairt braite ┐ athgabala esti, TTr.² 386 . coblach do thecht . . . ┐ a.¤ do thabairt uadib coro[b] buide leo assec E. dar éis na hathgabala to take spoil from them, LL 229a47 ( TTr. 898 ). athgabhail .i. creach, O'Cl.

(I) act of receiving again: nách éidir an baistteadh . . . d'athghabháil one cannot receive baptism a second time, Desid. 4960 .

2 bolg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 bolg or dil.ie/6348
Last Revised: 2013

 

ā f.

balg (an tsrotha) f. (bolg balg an tṡréin ┐ an tṡrotha ┐ an easa ┐ an iomhuis do baininnsgne, v.l.), , IGT Decl. § 39 (91.17) . b.¤ ā, f., § 158 . Occas. m. in Class. verse, Ériu xl 181 .

(a) bubble : b.¤ uisce, Corm. 6. na (= ina) builg nó na dluim uisque, O'Dav. 259. ina mbolcaib corcardaib like crimson bubbles, Dinds. 59. da builg uaine inte i n-inber (sic leg.) Sabrainde (one of the wonders of the Island of Britain), Todd Nenn. 114.5 . LBretnach 77.1 . ó bholgaibh tonn `from the heaving billows' (Gloss.), Measgra D. 48.39 . Fig. a bh.¤ fichigh fionnṡroth dtréan (to a prince), DDána 92.45 .

(b) blister : `fearb' as ainm . . . do bhoilg can imshnim, Metr. Gl. 4.15 . arnaib bolcaib . . . .i. bolca finda són astoitis for corpaib innan doine gl. pro uesicis candentibus, Ml. 99a4 . co ro imfuilngiter na bolga for a gruaidib iar mbreith na claenbreth, Laws iv 16.6 Comm. leos .i. imdergad no leos (.i. lesa, v.l.) .i. bolga . . ., O'Dav. 1154. Cf. compds. infra. na drúith ┐ na glámma . . . go tócbaitís teora bolga bar a agid, TBC-LL¹ 3019. no ássad bolgg corcra assa etun . . . co n-aprad-som fri Conchobar: Mebais din boilgg innocht a Ch. (Bricriu), TBC-LL¹ p. 892 n.4 . b.¤ na dhíaigh ar míonb[h]un meóir (a colt), Bard. Synt. Tr. 21.y . Note also: bradán as gach bailg don iuchraidh ` roe-corn ' (Gloss.), Measgra D. 61.13 .

(c) berry; bud : bolco . . . meit chend daini, Anecd. i 69 § 168 (ICM). araill dina bolgaib pods, ZCP xxx 137.39 (Alex.). tibit fidraid .i. bolga in blatha `buds (?),' RC xxvi 32 § 152 and 33 n. 10 . cainnle na mbalg mbuan `the stalks that bear the constant pods', SG 245.41 . Various: b.¤ belc(h)e see belc(h)e. co curtar a mbolga for na srothaibh `husks' (of hazel nuts), IT iii 195 § 35. seólaidh bhar mbolcca corra / go borraibh loma Lochlann `hulls', Duan. F. i xxix 3 .

(d) boss, ball : bopulsciath . . . cona deich findbolggaib fichet findruine, LL 24892. sréin delinecha friu .i. bolga dergóir isindara liniu ┐ bolga airgit . . . isin líne aile, TFerbe 12 , 13 . go gcloich buabhaill, go mbuilg sréin, DDána 119.29 .

Compds. (belonging both to 1 bolg and 2 bolg)

(a) With nouns: tar bolgonfad . . . blāithche `swelling . . . waves', MacCongl. 85.18 = tar bocanfad, 119.37 . iar mbolc-bráen `after heavy showers', Stud. Hib. iv 74 § 77. bolgdéra móra fola, LL 13823. boilgléasa ` blisters ', Keat. iii 516 . bolg-medón `paunchy belly', Metr. Dinds. iv 140.1 . do forlionadh a bulgphocoide `pouch' (for gunpowder), Hugh Roe 172.14 . etir . . . bogha ┐ bolgṡaighid, RC xviii 182.9 (Tig.). brec[h]tar-breacad do bolg-semannaib . . . fuirri `of bulging rivets', CCath. 4723. fri gáith . . . n-errchaide im bolg-s[h]liss Márta swelling side, MacCongl. 63.9 . Nás na mboilgṡreabh mbinn, DDána 68.12 . it é . . . bolcsróin with distended nostrils (horses), BDD² 464.

(b) With adjj.: conid tarla bolgḟáen `so that he was cast prostrate', TBC-LL² 1648 . bliadain do Lorcan na long / diamair is bolclan a bharr, BB 56b33 (= bocban a band, LL 4332 ). bocnár (bolcnár, v.l.), LL 4292. cenéle dáileman: . . . bolcsrónach brocóiti, Triads 231 . belremur bolcsuilech with protruding eyes, LU 8516 ( FB 37 ). bolccṡuilech, CCath. 4736. See ferbolg, menbolg.

cáenna

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cáenna or dil.ie/7636

 

Forms: cúnna, cáonna

n cúnna, cáonna m., IGT Decl. § 2 . Cf. cúanu. moss : coénna nucis gl. putamen nucis, PCr. 36b ( Thes. ii 226.38 ). gerr go mbia . . . meóir thiomchaola an troighidh / fa fhionnchaonna ar ulaidh, ZCP ii 585.2 . mar chaonna (caenda, v.l.) fhionn mhaoth mhona sphagnum moss , Skene, Celtic Scotland iii 420.20 . ar fholt mar chaenda ma ceand, Magauran 1003 . glasa na cráobha os a ccionn / asa fionn cáonna um gach coll, IGT Decl. ex. 122 . fíacla máela ag mac an spirait / mar c.¤ ṡlat bfidhaid bfinn, ex. 408 .

1 cerb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cerb or dil.ie/8740

 

n silver : c.¤ .i. argad, Corm. Y 381 . O'Curry 1487 ( H 3.18, 663 ). See also O'Cl. and Lec. Gl. s.v. cearb . Cf. bichearb ┐ bichim Mercury or quick-silver , Eg. Gl. 725 . ? Here: tri nói saiget argait gil / immon bil tria crechad cirb, Metr. Dinds. iii 122.32 (`through dint of hewing'). (`engraver', Gloss.).

? COMPD. meoir bar chorn cherblán, SG 241.27 (`silver horns').

cloch

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cloch or dil.ie/9550
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cloch, clach, claiche

n ā, f. cloch f., IGT Decl. § 39 . clach f., § 40 (forms claich, claiche proscribed).

(a) stone, rock; stone (as building etc. material): beim a cinn fri cloich, Ml. 139c3 . dambidc Semei di chlochaib `pelted him with stones', 58c4 . din chloich dorigne saland, Thes. ii 338.1 (Hy. v). borg Emma ro tetha, / acht mairte a clocha, Fél. Prol. 194 . c.¤, trī anmann lé .i. onn a īarmbērla, c.¤ a gnāthbērla, cloech a bērla n-airberta, Corm. Y 213 . lapis lasin Laitneoir, c.¤ lasin nGaedel; petra lasin Laitneoir, ail lasin nGaedel: sropula lasin Laitneoir, carrach lasin nGaedel, Auraic. 1086 . c.¤ (no ael) ┐ onn ┐ ailcne . . . is iat sin cenela c.¤ , 1088 - 89 . ro-dluigit na clocha (= petrae scise sunt), PH 3367 . doberat cloich cach fir leó do chur chairnd, LU 7029 ( BDD 67 ). dolleici a cend immon cloich co n-derna brúrig dia cind, IT i 82.3 ( LMU 19 ). c.¤ for fott, no fott for carruig, Laws v 270.26 Comm. (as a fence). c.¤ tarsiu fa tri fiad fiathnaisib, ii 118.10 Comm. (in distraining dry cattle). di chlochaib ┐ carrgib ┐ ailénaib in mara, TBC-LL¹ 1330 . bale i mbia fa chloich, LL 18899 (`where you will be buried', KMMisc. 264 § 22 ). a ch.¤ thall for elaid úair, 19325 . línaiter na builg sin do minchlochaib, RC xiii 68 § 72 . ag tuarcain na Cloichi Barraighi ┐ na c.¤ tuinidhi eile do bī isin trācht rocks, ML² 430 . c.¤ i ninad ugi (prov. of a bad exchange), Cog. 100.24 ; cf. Caithr. Thoirdh. 11.16 . ticdis croind ┐ clocha ua cheol a chruiti . . . co teigdis aran múr (of Thebes), TTebe 851 . co scenaib ┐ clochaib . . . do-rónad ind imdibe, PH 5746 . fuarumar cloich . . . ┐ na hanmund-sa i scríbend indte gravestone, 1581 . samail gach cloiche (of hail-stones), RC xviii 150.y (see c.¤-ṡnechta s. compds.). a c[h]rannghal sa c[h]. aolta `its timber and its lime-washed stone', Ériu v 60.121 . dá cloich tsalainn lumps of salt, Lism. L. 2408 . sirbualadh na tonn fo na clocaib, Ir. Astr. Tr. 42.5 . c.¤ chinn na huilleann corner-stone, Acts iv 11 . ro benadh a chend de for Cloich an Chommaigh i ndorus teampaill Focháirde, AFM i 330.5 (an. 732). Fig. of a chief: ní tráth aithreachais d'ḟuil Conaill / a gc.¤ chúil an gcéin do mhair, DDána 110.1 .

Attrib. g s of stone , less frequ. g pl. composed of stones : for corth[e] cloche, Thes. ii 343.43 (Hy. v Comm.). ata comrar chloche imbi and hi talam, LU 10991 . ail chloche mór, IT i 82.2 ( LMU 19 ). risin carraic clochi, MU² 669 . coro mara choidche / amal choirthe c.¤ , LL 18911 . nertlia cloche, TBC-LL¹ 1570 . colomna c.¤ do thócbáil . . . eturru ┐ in snechta, MU² 309 . ar n-osgladh don iomdhaidh c.¤ (of a tomb), Dán Dé iii 27 . cinnlitir chloiche áille / dúna[dh] flatha Fionngháille `the fortress . . . is a capital letter of beauteous stone', Ériu v 60.109 . rath an Spirata Naim do-rat . . . uisce asin carraic cloiche, Grail 3649 . an cladh clach `stone fence', Studies 1924, 244 § 20 . do chuir . . . a chenn ar adhart cloichi bigi `on a small stone as pillow', Stair Erc. 1910 . .u. ced dég ceim cruaidhdaingen cloichi `stone steps', 633 . cláir chloiche . . . ┐ dligheadh stone tablets, Exodus xxiv 12 . pertaining to stone: duileasg crann nó c.¤ lichen, Párl. na mB. 587 . saoir chruinn ┐ ch.¤ carpenters and stone-masons, 263 .

(b) Of stones used as missiles, sling-stones, etc.: gaibthi cloich isin tailm, LU 3277 ( SCC 7 ). c.¤ throthail . . . i llaímh gach ḟir, IT iii 97.6 . foceird C. cloich assa thabaill, TBC-LL¹ 1558 . do-teilctís lucht in leithi-si na clocha for lucht in leith[i] aili, Sc.M² 17R . gebid lamchloich do lár thalman darbo lán a glacc, LL 8576 (TBC). bolc lán (sic leg.?) di chlochuip d'orcoin, ZCP viii 120.13 . na clocha cruindi comdibhraicthi, TTebe 1984 . Cf. in ti no cinnfedh ar aei cloichi `the winner of the stone-throwing', Stair Erc. 202 .

With defining gen. c.¤ áeil limestone , see s.v. 1 áel. lia .i. corthe . . . .i. in c.¤ criche `boundary stone', Laws iv 8.7 Comm. clocha fothraicthe stones heated in the fire and used for heating bath-water: clocha fotraicthi, Trip.² 873 . ro marb Fergus Durn don cloich fothraicthe, Laws i 68.17 Comm. Cf. fotracud forsin clárudh cen tincur o dhune acht na clocha ind ┐ ass, IT iii 195 § 36 . lothomur . . . cona clochaib, MacCongl. 11.23 . Cf. also: clocha derga red-hot stones, Laud 610, f. 8c (Plummer MS. notes). clocha hi tenid samna (prov. phrase?), LU 7045 (here perh. used for cooking. See O'Kelly, JRSAI 1954, 105 ff. ). na liacc lamh ┐ na c.¤ nglaice hand-stones, CCath. 5859 . iccon cloich impóid itir croiss ō Adrad Moturu súass `turning-stone', BColm. 84.32 . c.¤ marmail, Stair Erc. 1963 . cloch na cloich mheóir 'pebble', Irish Texts i 31 § 50 . clach (sic leg.) ina loighe a ḟlaith Cheóil / ar in claich meóir oile üaibh, IGT Decl. ex. 1123 (incorrect because of form claich). c.¤ muilinn mill-stone : doronta cetheora clocha muilinn di, AU an. 999 . fúaim chloichthe muilinn, Rev. xviii 22 . Cf. c.¤ uachtair upper stone (of a mill), Laws i 140.17 Comm. m'aghaidh amhuil cloich thineadh `flint', Isaiah 1 7 .

(c) Med. c.¤ isna hairnib `a stone in the kidneys', Rosa Angl. 188.7 . clocha na narand, 330.10 . in uair bhenmuid na clocha fuail as an lamhonnán le gerradh, ZCP xviii 274.9 . a riocht na cloiche fuail pro calculo vesicali, O'Gr. Cat. 113.24 . c.¤ no ydoripis, Reg. San. 23.y .

(d) precious stone, gem (somet. c.¤ búada, c.¤ úasal): caoga gemm carrmogail do c[h]lochaib tíre na hInnia, ML² 1481 . c.¤ crisdail gl. cristallus, Ir. Gl. 552 . do cloich búadha re n-abur sardínés, Maund. 249 . feilm áosda chlach ccarrmhogail, O'R. Poems 199 . clocha cuaigh `[stones] suitable for (adorning) goblets', O'Hara 2380 . c.¤ medóin do dhornchla dhét, IGT Decl. ex. 80 . a chorōin . . . ier n-a himchengal do dēmont ┐ do c[h]lochaibh uaissle, Fl. Earls 172.28 . a gcomhraid airgit go n-imat gc.¤ lonnradhach, 80.7 . is c.¤ uasal tiodhlacadh a radharc an tí agá mbí sé, Proverbs xvii 8 .

(e) Hence perh. of the beads of the rosary: is mise Oisín . . . / . . . ag cóireamh c.¤ `arranging stones', Oss. iii 276.10 . Paidir air na clochaibh móra ┐ Fáilte an Aingil air na clochaibh beaga, Donlevy 448. 3 , 4 .

(f) a construction of stone, esp. fortress, stronghold, castle: giodh áille an chlach don taoibh thall `though the fort is lovelier within', Ériu v 60.115 . daingean c.¤ an dúnaidh dhe / loch ar cúlaibh na cloiche `the fortress is strengthened by the lake which lies behind it', 111 - 12 . da ralaig . . . comard ré cloich na cathrach `the stone-walls of the city', TTebe 4224 . c.¤ Corcaigi do loscudh, Ann. Inisf. 1230.1 . c.¤ angcaire an anchorite's cell, AU iii 288.24 . tú do rad dár gcionn an cholann / i gcloich nduaibhsigh `into a gloomy dungeon' (Gloss.), Measgra D. 61.70 . a muir ┐ a mórclocha, Stair Erc. 909 . na franclochaidh ga folach / a n-ardchlochaibh allmorach, IGT Decl. ex. 714 . daingni ná clach áelta íat, ex. 183 . le Cloich Insi na tTorc ar Loch F., AFM iii 360.6 . C.¤ Locha hUachtair do loscadh, 536.4 . ? dar let is c.¤ ar na cengal / an tech os loch lachnach, IGT Decl. ex. 268 . Cf. Luimnech na c.¤ cengail, Caithr. CC 10 .

Frequ. in nn. loc., see Hog. Onom.

Compds. With noun. clúas re clochadhart `a stone pillow', BS 92.y . a tōebaib clochadba, ACL iii 217 § 3 . clochalla glassa . . . ┐ cairrci rocky cliffs, CCath. 3413 . clochall cairrgidhe, Hugh Roe² 46.15 . lé fúaim chloichbhéimnigh bhonn a each láidir ` stamping ', Jeremiah xlvii 3 . clochcaop lump of stone , Anecd. ii 53.y . do mhaothughadh do chlochroidhe hard heart , Mac Aingil 1134 . ferr beith a ccloch-dinibh ceall stone shelters , ZCP x 30.23 . im ócbail droichitt .i. cid cloch droichit, Laws i 134.25 Comm. in clochdrochat (sic leg.) ō tigh cech clērig dīb dia chēile, MacCongl. 123.22 . a róimh chlaichfhinntreabh Chonnacht of white-stone houses, DDána 68.28 . lottar . . . tré cloch-ród Coradh Finne stone-paved road(?), AFM v 1668.5 . cloch-sairsi ┐ crann-sairsi art of building in stone, Laws v 92.z Comm. cith cloichṡnechta do ferthain hailstones, RC xviii 150.x (Tig.). gaoth tre chlaichshneachta chiothmhar, DDána 113.15 (cf. na clocha sneachta, 2). maith ro cumad in cleathbhaile / sa clochtaighe, IGT Met. Faults § 58 . ? adinnim deargain / a druith chail ar chlochtaigh, IT iii 90 § 119 . ic córgud chastíal fo churadaib di chlochthress, LL 32238 ( TTr. 1427 ). tuitim isin clochtres tíar, ZCP xiii 12.35 .

With adj. do athairg . . . / mhachaire clachaird Conuill, IGT Decl. ex. 9 . legga corra clochbana of white stone, Fen. 188.21 . flaith corn gclochbhán white-jewelled, Top. Poems² 613 . is o cairgib clochdaeraibh Slebi Chugais rod-coimbris . . . `rock-bound', Aen. 829 . cathair clochdaingen, Grail 3286 . scīath clochdond go ccomhraibh óir, ZCP viii 223 § 18 . ar lámhachadh lann gclochdhonn `bright-jewelled(?)', O'Hara 4035 . do mhionn clachórdha cloichfhionn, DDána 97.38 . crios . . . clachghorm, Rel. Celt. ii 262.5 . 'sin charn chlochthrom, LL 29862 .

With adj. derived from noun. droichett clochaelta do dhenamh la Cathal of stone and mortar(?), AFM iii 618.5 . cuirt clochaolta, Hugh Roe² 216.13 . na coirigh chlochaigeantacha bhíos . . . ag leanmhain dá lochtaibh féin stubborn, TSh. 10492 . a chathbarra caem clochbuadhach set with precious stones, Stair Erc. 735 . an rí co coroin . . . clochbuadhaigh fura cenn, ZCP vi 52.7 . gremaigiss . . . an c[h]loch . . . dia coicēilip comadhus[a] cloch-chomharsnach[a] oile `adjoining', Fl. Earls 148.4 . ¤órda: cinnbhirt clochórdha, Oss. vi 128.11 . With Part. an cheinnbheart chlochfhoirfe (1 foirbthe) crowned with jewels, O'Hara 1502 .

comṡoillsigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comṡoillsigid or dil.ie/11766

 

Forms: comṡoillsiugad

v (comṡoillse) illuminates, brightens : [ro] comsoillsig . . . in cuan, CCath. 2751 . in locharnn loinnerdai ro inṡorchaig (.i. ro comsollsig) iarthar mbetha, ACL iii 8.6 (cf. Trip.² 74 ). ro inorchaigset (.i. ro comsoillsigset) a cuicc meoir in mag, 22 § 56 ( 1447 ).

Vn. comṡoillsiugad.

cos

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cos or dil.ie/12566
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cuis, cos, cas, coisi, cois, chaissi, chais, coss, chois, cosa, cossa, achossa, cossa, chos, chosaib

n ā, f. On d s. cuis, Thes. ii 245.36 (Cambr.) see GOI 48 . cos f., IGT Decl. § 39 (91.11) . cas f., § 40 . (g s. coisi, d s. cois; proscribed forms: don chaissi , Decl. ex. 1124 . red chais (: glais), 1125 ).

(a) foot, leg (of human beings and animals): coss a cospite .i. ō eirptiud (.i. ō erlonn). Coss latine cosus .i. cos bruinde, O'Mulc. 246 . n s. coss gl. pes, Wb. 12a20 . 21 . 23 . a s. chois, Ml. 56b1 . n p. cosa, Tur. 65 . cossa, Wb. 12b4 . Ml. 111b14 . 126c17 . v p. achossa, Wb. 12a33 . a p. cossa, Ml. 111b17 . 89d14 . g p. chos, 126c16 . 138a2 . d p. chosaib, 126c17 . bithi cloi tria cossa, Blathm. 51 . fuil chuise `a wound on a foot', BCrólige 63 . cinta coisi trespasses (?), Laws ii 46.8 Comm. secht meóir cechtar a dá choss, TBC-LL² 1199 . bulli da choiss kick, MU² 880 . cor coise trip, Magauran 1192 . rogab a choiss fón chlerech, RC xiii 106.w (`a mark of respect', n.). mairg cois isa bond fa ṁbris, ACL iii 237 § 21 . coss chraind `a wooden leg', RC xiii 80 § 84 . cossa cinn ind eich forelegs, Cóir Anm. 125 . itir a da cois tona hind legs, Laws ii 240.4 Comm. do cois mairt (as weapon), RC xvii 406.9 (Tig.). cosa dunta webbed feet, Rosa Angl. 324.16 . cos dubh (a bird), Eg. Gl. 124 . ? do cach fior díob ba cuit choissi / lán a bhoissi do ghrán glan, SG 20.8 .

(b) stem, support, handle, shaft of various objects: huanaib cosaib hilignidib gl. lectulos . . . illigneis pedibus, Sg. 33b8 . atchiat insi . . . for óenchois on a single column, LU 1936 . delg ara cuirit[h]er a ch.¤ , Corm. Y 301 . sreth . . . di bretnasaib . . . ┐ a cosa isind fraigid pins, LU 1709 . luibne na mér na lāime, ┐ c.¤ eissib sūas ind rig, Corm. Y 447 . ainm lestair . . . ┐ a choss triana mhedón, Corm. 18 . adbur coisi in rama, Laws v 488.24 Comm. im chois a altoire, ii 120.8 (text printed as Comm.). foirchrédh a ch.¤ (of an `escra)', Ériu xiii 41.13 . ailen . . . ┐ in muir . . . do cach aird uimmi acht oench.¤ eascra ind namma isthmus, CCath. 3412 v.l. See escra. amail didniu[s] side (i.e. an dos) in cois bis fai `stem', Laws v 28.2 Comm. fa chosuibh a caeimhleptha, Acall. 791 . c.¤ cech losa, Ériu ix 66.4 . fo cosoip fulaing na n-iudus `under the supports of the turrets', CCath. 3537 . feadh coisi casabhair, IGT Decl. ex. 949 . deargfa a chais nduinn (: bais) (of a spear), Magauran 3058 . buille dá chois (of a crozier), ZCP ii 556.19 .

(c) Metr. is cosin (c.¤ in?) ndīalt sōn, Corm. Y 447 (37.13) .

(d) infantry, foot-soldiers : sloig L. eter chois ┐ ech, ┐ choin, IT i 46.27 . eter cois ┐ cairptheach, Aen. 1179 .

(e) In phrases with prepp.: immáteged cách dia chuis (: nuis) on foot, LU 2994 . [a] chur dia chois `was . . . dismounted', AFM v 1780.12 . don choll gan chor dhá chosaibh without being felled, Duan. F. i 35.6 . da cois near him, TTebe 4206 . is mor maidm dober da chois `besides', Fen. 88.3 . bieit anamait foa chossaibsom gl. scabellum pedum tuorum, Wb. 32c13 . atabairt fuchossa gl. humiliatos . . . gentiles, Ml. 67c2 . fo chosaib aurdragh at the mercy of spectres, TBC-I¹ 453 . fa a chois, DDána 119.4 `níos lugha ná', Gloss. mucc ┐ ag fora coiss on the hoof, RC xiii 444 § 24 ( LL 37202 ). for a cois `standing' (of furze), Laws i 172.14 Comm. mo chíos bhróin rem chois dom chailg beside me, Rel. Celt. ii 236.11 . a gcinn le cois a gcána `as well as,' Content. xxvi . re cois aoise `except for his being old', xiv 24 . fiche bliadhain is bárr re chois `and more besides', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 342.21 . se fein dochuaid i cois in dilsidh `to watch the condemned prisoner', Laws v 486.7 Comm. muna frith slabrad eile do bertha fair, no nech eile do deachsa[d] ina cois is slan do sum . . . do dol ina cois to guard him(?), O'D. 443 ( H 3.17, 341 ). degla go rachadh cechtar aca a gcois a chonartha aran bfer eile `go back on the bargain', Ériu v 172.148 . do gheall . . . éiric . . . ┐ go rachdaois 'na chois evade it, Atlantis iv 186.36 . an geall[adh] thugamar . . . as nár linn dol na chois, RC x 345.17 . 'na chois `along with him', Auraic. 76 . da m-beinn-si do rer mo coisi . . . a muig `were I outside and at liberty', Celt. Rev. iii 302.6 . rotairisetar a n-inadaib a coss `they remained where they stood,' CCath. 5686 . ? bruth d'echaib . . . / do mnāi ra comlund a chuiss `racing . . . on foot', Fianaig. 48.20 .

Adv. cossaib tírmaib dryshod , SR 7679 . Ériu ii 198.10 . v 34.24 . cos i cois `a foot for a foot', Laws i 8.6 (Introd. to SM). cois (c.¤, v.l.) ar cois frisin marcsluagh foot to foot (i.e. in close combat), CCath. 5709 .

Prov.: cos fo coraith (of useless undertaking), Bürgschaft 30 § 81 . ni ar aonchois thainig Pattruic go hEirin i.e. I have another string to my bow, Luc. Fid. 4991 .

In n. loc. a n-dúthaigh Chois Daoile along the Deel, Hy Fiach. 334.2 ó Chois Machan, Keat. Poems 228 .

Compds. With nouns: d'eachaibh . . . ar n-a gcaischleas, Magauran 834 . im dibh coscolptaib dho `calves', CCath. 4663 . innacoschométide . . . costigthith (both gl. p[a]edago- gorum, with paed- taken as Lat. ped-), Wb. 9a11 . rogab a coiseitigh iar n-ichtar, Grail 1275 . cos galor, CS 256.3 . huachosglasaib gl. uinctos conpedibus, Ml. 83c10 . cual do coslámaib `a pile of arms and legs', Caithr. Thoirdh. 104.39 . Cf. fá cendchoslámaib na cath, 113.4 . cossogam .i. mera da laime ar son na feadh imon lurgain, Auraic. 5779 . colg dét iarna chossliasait chlí `thigh', TBC-LL² 4406 . cais-slighe chuige, Dán Dé vi 13 ` foot-road (?)', Gloss.

With adjj. a cná cosbuide, SG 347.23 . dam . . . coisfhiond (cossind, v.l.) white-legged, ZCP xiv 400.3 . ar dá n-echaib . . . cosscháela, TBC-LL² 2918 . go siobhlaidís . . . coslomnocht, RSClára 76a . C. coslūath, ZCP viii 118 § 18 . co herard . . . coslūthmar, MacCongl. 83.27 . ossé cossalach, LU 7767 `dirty-footed (?)', BDD2 Gloss. in t-ech aile . . . coseng, LU 6490 (TBC). With adj. derived from noun: baccaig ┐ coss-gallraig (as subst.), PH 4399 . i n-ecusc na Bhrathar Coslomh[nacht]a 'in the habit of the Discalced Friars', AI 392 (s.a. 1302.2).

1 croch

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 croch or dil.ie/13037

 

Forms: cruich, cruche, chruichi, crucha, croch, croch-sin, croich

n ā, f. (Lat. crux) GOI §§ 74 , 925 . IGT Decl. § 39 . Arch. a s. cruich, Thes. ii 245.5 (Cambr.). g s. cruche, Wb. 8a5 . chruichi, LL 27885 . crucha, Vita Br. 33 . (: athrucha), SR 7753 . a s. croch, Ériu ii 194 § 7 (croich, croigh v.ll.). isin croch-sin , PH 2396 . Later with n s. croich.

(a) cross, the Cross : c.¤ Crist, Wb. 24a28 . rún inna cruche, 8a5 . tria chroich, 8a14 . ar chroich Crist, 20c21 . fri croich, 20d13 . hi croich, 28b4 . huas in chroich, Ml. 74d13 . ba sír do cruchi cumne `he was constant to the remembrance of the Cross', RC xx 404.z ( ACC 126 ). Macc ainm cruchi `Son of the Cross (was his) name', 408.8 ( ACC 131 ). corp crist do chombug co cloaib forsin chroich, Thes. ii 253.19 . is c.¤ do phíanad, LU 2450 . la croich A. `at the cross of A.', Fél. Aug. 16 . hi crann cruche `tree of the Cross', Thes. ii 253.17 . a ngein cruiche in so `the being destined for the cross', Ériu xvii 20 § 33 . gur briss tempoll mor Acha D. . . . ┐ gur brisseadh a c.¤ neemh (= naemh), Ann. Inisf. 1282.2 . ós cionn na croiche, John xix 19 . is í an Chroich, Donlevy 402.2 . d'eís fhéile na croiche san bhfhoghmhar `Feast of the exaltation of the Holy Cross' (Gloss.), Parrth. Anma 2731 .

The Crucifixion : pridchais . . . / croich Crist do thuataib Fene, Lib. Hymn. 101 § 40 . ó chroich Críst, Trip. 554.26 . iar forba crochi ┐ césta, PH 3662 .

Fig. cross, affliction, persecution , etc.: ticsath a chruich, Thes. ii 245.5 (Cambr.). ara mbé c.¤ sa[it]hir for cach, 255.15 . i ṅGlinn dá loch césta c.¤ `a cross was suffered', 332.1 . ro damnatar croich martra forut, YBL 327a2 . a fil do crochaib ┐ ilpianaib ind iffirn `all the crosses and many torments of hell', Ériu ii 142 § 158 . a croich an tsaegail, BCC 432.27 .

In phrases: ardi na crucha, Vita Br. 33 . dorat sígín na croiche dar a enech, RC x 185.14 . a pennait ┐ a croich na haithrighi `by penance and by the cross of repentance', xxviii 320 § 45 .

(b) gallows etc.: fri bun cruche, Mon. Tall. 127.5 . c.¤ ar ceann gach conaire, O'R. Poems 23 . a chrocha as an gcroich = au gibet (Gloss.), Trompa na bhF. 3785 . o gabail na croici from the fork of the gallows, Laws v 362.1 Comm. cethrar hi crocaib o Ulltoibh `four of the Ultonians to be hanged', CS 172.23 . srúb tinni for croich crook , Críth G. 186 . fidba ninraic . . . dorn dia chrau. Tri meoir ina c.¤ , O'Curry 883 ( H 3.18, 395a ). crocha a ceinnlitre `the curves of her capital letter (i.e. S)', Magauran 1920 .

cruimmthir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cruimmthir or dil.ie/13222

 

adj (cf. cromm): sitlithir ri c.¤ meóir míled cechtar n-aí na dá rígrosc `as long as a warrior's finger', TBC-LL² 4508 = cruimtir, TBC St. 4418 . Cf. Dinneen s.v. croma .

1 doé

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 doé or dil.ie/17513

 

Forms: dóit, dóite, dóid, dóidi

n (orig. doë disyll., GOI § 326 ) nt, f. Later with n s. dóit, g s. dóite. dóid, g s. and n pl. dóidi, IGT Decl. § 14 .

(a) The upper arm from shoulder to elbow, humerus (oppd. to lám arm in general and rig forearm): doe láme gl. lacertus, Sg. 68a1 . inna ndoat gl. lacertorum, Acr. 26v2 ( Thes. ii 8 ). dae .i. righ nó guala, O'Dav. 740 citing Laws iii 290.15 where d.¤ is explained as meaning `guala' in a man and `ucht' in a woman. co memaid a doe láma, LL 292b31 . remithir dóit láma, FB § 91 . luibenchossach .i. luibne na mér na laime ┐ cos eissib (┐ cosa na mer estib, LB) suas, ind rig ┐ in doe (in doit, LB), gusin n-alt na guailne arsisidar . . . sē haisle didiu fil otha ind meoir co halt na gualand (viz. three phalanges, metacarpal bone, rig forearm, and doe upper arm), Corm. Y 447 . cusna rigthib . . . ┐ cusna doitib (where rigthe = ulnas), Gild. Lor. 164 . mebsaitis limsa glaine fer dia mbrāigde, brāigde fer la ṅdōite, rigthi fer la n-uaille (leg. a n-uille) men's necks (shoulder-blades) with their upper arms, TBC-I¹ 3547 , cf. TBC-LL¹ 5947 . turcbaid-sium a dóti ┐ a rigthi ┐ a dernanna, TBC-LL¹ 916 . cu roloisc in tene . . . doiti ┐ righthe na ndibercach, Lism. L. 2974 . co rosedlad buinde a sliasta ┐ a dá dóit, RC xvi 44 ( Dinds. 93 ). a dí ḟoil argit ┐ a dí bunne doat armlets, Imr. Brain ii 48 . bouinde doat, IT iii 238 . deich muince doat, Ériu ii 4 (dóat, v.l.). fail mo láma is mo dóitti, Fen. 400 . falge óir im dóitib, LL 18b34 . órnasc nobíd um dóitib . . . mac na saerchland, Thr. Ir. Gl. 4 s.v. aunasc. bla deilge dae `exemption as regards the brooch on the shoulder', Laws iii 290 . dealc n-oir huasa doidib ina brot above his fore-arms (i.e. on the shoulder), TBC-I¹ 3344 , cf. 3159 and TBC-LL¹ 5685 . dobertha ailge arda foa doitib (of Moses praying during the slaughter of the Amalekites), RC xii 434 .

(b) By extension the arm in general (synon. of lám): doit .i. lam, Cóir Anm. 236 . dóid .i. lámh, O'Cl. trisin doit gl. brachio, Ml. 29b8 . ní ceil a dóe for Láige `his arm doth not fail Laigde', RC xvi 70 ( Dinds. 118 ) = ni chel a dae, AFM 226 (i 110) , ní chél a doe, SG ii 492 ; ni cheil a doid for laga, Lec. 278a4 . co n-eccmoiṅg a láim dói di Lugaid . . . benar a lám dói di choinculainn . . . conid and atá otharlige a chind ┐ a láime dói, RC iii 182 (`right hand', perh. a misinterpreted compd. lámdóe; lam doe, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. ii 17 ). tucastar . . . dóit fri dóit, CRR 45 , 48 , 51 ; FB § 53 . dóid fria dóid ┐ gualaind fri gualaind, CCath. 1722 . dói fri dói, LL 146b51 ( PRIA xix 544 ). ar ndiceannadh mo dóiti, MR 308 . nibtar dermaill a di doit (: cōic), Corm. Y 398 . dóide dromghonta, ML 134 ; TSh. 6614 . i cein cotnicfat ar ndoidi foga do cassad as long as our arms are able to whirl javelins, CCath. 635 ; 662 , 655 . lotar dō iar ndōtib drenn | cōic cōicid in[n]a Erenn `after arms of combats' (i.e. after wrestling, bouts, fights?), ZCP iii 37 = IT i 109 (where Wind. reads iarnd.¤ iron gauntlets). lederthar a doti, PH 1119 . rosiacht a cholpa's a dóit `its shank and its toe' (its leg and its arm?), Metr. Dinds. ii 100 .

(c) hand (esp. in later texts, cf. similar use of lám): gibe díbh gēbhus righe, | ná siritt slata 'na ndoid | acht ó fhior ionaid Maodhóicc, BNnÉ 258 . ceithri . . . binni clis hi cechtar a do dhoit, TBC-I¹ 3396 . do ghlac a arm 's a sgiath 'na dhóid (on his arm?), Oss. iv 132 . ling ar mo theangaid, a Thrinóit, | beandaig ind dot míndóit móir (allusion to hand used in benediction?), ACL iii 241 . méor dhóide, Hackett xxi 23 . iadas . . . na glac-doidi garga . . . tar corp Conaill, MR 256 . gur theilgetar a gcuilg a ndóidib ┐ á nglacaib, SG 272 . gur bheansad dóide feola a corpoibh a cheile handfuls (?), ZCP x 289 . dodracha caipiri `fists of copper', ITS xvii 113 . cnagaire dóide `a knocker ', Ó Bruad. ii 234 .

pn As sobriquet: Ailderg Dóit is leis ar thūs doronait failge ōir im doitib, Rawl. 147a27 . Allerg Doat, ZCP viii 302 . Enna Dóit, Lec. 52a43 . mic Enna Dóit, ITS xv 48 . mac Enna Doat, Rawl. 154b2 . Mael Doid . . . i cnocaib Maele Doaid, Arch. Hib. ii 83 (?).

Compds. ¤buinne: curro cuir comfota dótbuindi dedhlaeich do crund na cruisigi treimit ` champion's armlet ', Grail 884 . ¤chirrad: mo dóit-chirradh, MR 306 . ¤chleth: dóidchleatha meor-laga ` trellis-hand ', Keat. Poems 101 . ¤gel: ben dían d. white-armed , MacCongl. 97 . duine d., Metr. Dinds. iii 108 . ¤lám arm: roiadhadar na dodlamha doleonta . . . tar na dromannaibh, CF 205 ; 357 . snadhmaid na dóidlámha tar chaoldromannaibh a chéile, Oss. iii 94 . Cf. doé láime, lám dói above. ¤lebar long-armed: fri Domhnall d., MR 110 ; 116 , 182 . ¤lethan broad-fisted (?): ina ndóidib détla dóidlethna, SG 265 . ¤mer: Cerball nír dúi ciar dótmer swift to strike, rash (?), LL 201b30 . ¤rig fore-arm (arm ?): rodúin a dá doitrighid im cael a droma, CCath. 2957 . rolá a dá dóitrighidh imme, Moling 8 . roiadhusdair a dha dhóidrigh, ITS v 38 . toccbuis Fer D. eter a dhoidriogaibh mora, ZCP x 297 .

do-léci

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-léci or dil.ie/18012
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: -teilc-, -tailc-, tilg-, tailc-, do-feilc-, teilc, nachatelcid, darlecius, tarlucus, doreilgis, dorelic, teilcithe, telcud, teilcid, tarlaicid, teilcithiu

v (* to-lēic-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 564 ); prototonic -teilc-; in Mid.Ir. also -tailc- and occas. tilg-. For the stem tailc- see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 561 , GOI p. 532 . ? 1 s. dolegem, Celtica xxv 251-52 . Also with deut. stem do-feilc-. Ipv. 2 s. teilc, Thes. ii 258.12 . 2 pl. nachatelcid, Wb. 15d4 . Perf. 1 s. darlecius (?), IT i 162 n. 11 . tarlucus, 222.8 (LU). 2 s. doreilgis, 102.24 . 3 s. dorelic, LL 3805 . Part. teilcithe. Vn. telcud. Later as simple vb. teilcid, tarlaicid. IGT Verbs § 71 .

I Lets come, lets go, lets loose .

(a) dosleici Cuchulaind riam lets them go before him (?), TBC-I¹ 770 . nísteilcset a ndrúid ass sein would not let them set out thence, 20 . nistailcc Medb isin chath M. did not let them into the battle, 3538 . ni tarlaiced . . . dochum in chatha, LL 119a6 . snithe ōir fria etan conna teilged a folt fo agid to keep his hair from (falling about) his face, IT i 131.21 . dolléic sechund int ech-sin `let that horse pass us', RC iii 183.35 . — tuleic isin les, ar N. Dolleig an dorrsaidh seca let (us) enter . . . let them pass, xii 78 § 71 . rofurim a cend fond usci . . . nis tarlaic súas did not let her up (?), viii 152.21 . nachatelged i tír let him not allow him to land, Ériu i 114 § 3 . ní tharlaic Bodb . . . Cliach dochum síd fer Femon would not allow C. to approach, Metr. Dinds. iii 224 . ni ba comus do . . . cu telgi a drutha . . . cu pennaid he will not be empowered to admit . . . to penance, Lib. Flav. i 26 va . áilsi P. ara tailced maccu Cathbad leo P. besought him to let C.'s sons go, Trip. 342.24 . rí rochart Moise . . . co Forann . . . co tarlaiced uad clanna Israhél, SR 3831 .

(b) With DO of pers. lets go . . . to, gives up, concedes . . . to: dolleicther a rrígtech dóib the palace is left to them, FB § 55 . mad ferr intí dia teilge [inn abdaine] ar do feilge osar do tsinser, O'D. 554 ( H 3.17 437 ). ma tarluic a n-anail doib `if he has allowed them breathing time', Laws v 140.25 ; TBC-I¹ 2192 . doleicfithi dō a mbad sāiream na mban that the noblest of the women would be given up to him, TBC-I¹ 1126 . dolēicset dūnad do Muinn, 2905 . dolēcet a seotu ┐ a téchta ndó, ZCP xi 97 § 60 . dollēce (tolleci, talleci, dalleci, v.l.) dorche do sorche, dollece brōn do fhāilti darkness yields itself (gives way) to light (reflex.?), 96 § 54 . muna telgadh a saoire doibh unless he would grant them their freedom, Leb. Gab.(i) 80.26 . Hence absol. allows: is head doleici cét slechtain this is what he allows (` performs '), Mon. Tall. § 28 . Cf. also: ni theilgset dáil na dliged they admitted neither judgement nor law (?), LL 1214 = nir theilgsead d.¤ . . . i n-Inis Fail na fuineadh, BB 33b3 . doléci don (traigid) yields place (a foot), gives way (to): cia dudfailci don gl. cesserit, Ml. 111b23 . dofarlaic don gl. cessit, Tur. 99 ; Ml. 35a1 , 131b2 . ni tarlicid traigid seodo-apostolis yield ye no foot to pseudo-apostles, Wb. 23c4 . teilg traigid dom, TBC-LL¹ 2309 . teilgis C. traigid ar cūl dó, 2314 . is andsin dollēici C. traigid for cūlu re Fergus . . . ara teilced F. traig dō i llō chatha, TBC-I¹ 2153 - 5 . With FRI: doléicc fria dá bráthair marbad Pátraic left it to his two brothers to kill P., Trip.² 1491 .

(c) With FOR lit. allows to come upon: rí tarlaic Muir Romuir ruad | for Forainn cona mórsluag, SR 4021 . ri tharlaic cuce . . . na gorta fora cholainn (of Christ's fast in the wilderness), 7577 . dia ndama næ for tir .i. duleice in duine cessad fair (i.e. undergoes suffering?), Auraic. 1610 . ni teilg nech dib cinta for araile none of them has transferred the crimes to another, Laws ii 280.3 Comm. biathadh dāime tarluic in brathuir ar araile which the kinsman transferred to (let devolve on) the other, i 142.24 Comm. Note also: is gnáth inso dond óis glicc dolleicet forru in dáil that they let the delay (?) come upon them (i.e. suffer themselves to be delayed?), Wb. 13b13 (`pretend to be delayed', Marstrander s.v. 3 dál supra). occasionem damus vobis gloriandi pro nobis .i. nachatelcid fuirib let it not come on yourselves (i.e. do not transfer the boast to your own account; the gloss refers to the words pro nobis, cf. 6 follg.), 15d4 .

With I N-; nach ainim do-lece (dofeilce, v.l.) domaine i trebad which brings about disadvantage to the husbandry, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 24 § 6 .

(d) lets loose, lets go or fall (on), often in hostile sense, esp. with FOR of pers.: dar dreich ṅdomuin . . . dolēcub tonngur ndilenn, SR 2428 . roteilced sroibthene fornaib cōic cathrachuib, Ériu ii 140 § 142 . dia tarlaicthe athach uachta isin mbith, 134 § 113 . dolléicthe tri caittini dia saigid, FB § 57 . doliged coimrith con ┐ curad . . . da hinnsaighi, Fianaig. 64.15 . doleigid cáirigh neimhe a phuball rígh Lochlann chuca, Imr. Brain i 59.26 . tech lán do loscannaib dofarlaicthe dún were let loose on us, JRSAI 1870-1, 386 . tolléicset slóg fair inna dūn, Ériu iii 137.56 . (reflex.) dosrelic T. for sluag nUlad threw himself on, charged, ZCP iii 43 . doléig fá chathaibh Chuinn é féin, ML 28.16 .

II Hence throws, casts, hurls and related meanings: tarlaic .i. do chaith. tarlaicthe .i. do caitheadh, O'Cl.

(a) teilgc cenn meic Bachari 'mach, SR 6979 . rothilg . . . asa dilait é threw him out of his saddle, ZCP vi 29.37 . rotilgsit Sir G. risin sruth, 94.24 . dotheilg san chorn é, SG 240.27 . mo psaltair . . . dusfarlaic fon linn láin, BS 8.2 . do theilg san tobar é, TSh. 5052 . do theilgeadar cranncair they cast lots, Psalms xxii 18 .

(b) Of missiles: dolleici cloich asa thailm, TBC-I¹ 815 . nothelged a chlettini, TBC-LL¹ 892 . il-ladair rateilgthea (of the gae mbulga), 3874 . in goth néit tarlaic Ferches, LL 132a28 . tairlig a lig he flung his stone, RC xvi 147 . saiget . . . dusfarlaic Dallan, Anecd. ii 66.12 . na caertha teinedh do theilgdis dibh, CF 580 . tarlaicsett (sic MS.) cetha cruinphiler a mórgonnadhaibh they discharged showers of balls from cannons, Hugh Roe 314.14 . The pers. (thing) aimed at is introduced by DO, FOR, or other prep.: tolleice C. cloch dō, TBC-I¹ 825 . tarlacit dó na trí coicait bunsach, TBC-LL¹ 917 . dolléci . . . fidchilli don techtaire flings a chessboard at, FB § 61 . tarlaic sleig fair, TBC-LL¹ 2828 . tarlaicset Grecraigi clocha for Pátraic, Trip.² 1587 . dosléged tathbe[i]m forsna heonu, Ériu i 114 § 2 . bás Mongain . . . don ail do teilcc Artuir air, ZCP vi 269 § 7 . tarlaiced forcha tened ina chend-sum, Trip. 464.15 . dosléigi D. saigid isin choirthi, ZCP xiii 177.24 . rothelgiusa gai chucutsu, IT i 103.1 . doligedar cetha soighed ris, ZCP vi 60.19 . tarluig in sleig fuithib, Laws i 6.3 . tarlaic urchur fuithib, RC v 199.11 . Impers. construction: na Troiandai . . . tarlaic foithib co mor otconcadar a rigmilid do tuitim ┐ roascna uaidib a mbruth ┐ a mbrig it was a sore blow to them (?), BB 436a51 .

With transference of obj.: tarlucus urchur dom sleig, LU 3858 ( SCC § 38 ); TBC-I¹ 677 , 2499 ; CCath. 5611 . ní rotheilc imroll riam he never hurled (a missile) that missed its aim, Anecd. i 6.2 . rogab C. in Duaibsech .i. a shleg fadéin . . . tarlaic rout n-urchair uad di, CRR § 51 . tar gach ndiubhraccadh do tarlaicedh etorra, AFM vi 2308 .

(c) throws off, rejects: go tteilc gach dos dlaoi da clúimh till the bushes cast their leaves, ZCP viii 222 § 8 . ? imtuca (= imthugae?) dodafeilgid .i. is ferr leo ni ro do saidh dhe iar toga a mbas oldas a mbetha, O'Curry 469 ( H 3.18 246 ). teilgidh do dhruim a mheanman gach bagar do-ní Dia air amhail do theilgfeadh gallán gaoine an t-ord do buailfidhe uirre, TSh. 1943 . in chuid sin go dteilgitt Gaill may foreigners reject that portion, MR 32 . ní thorlaic side (chucai) scél Polidaim he did not reject P.'s story, TTr.² 1816 . teilgthear sealg ód chuimne forget the chase, Oss. vi 118 . In follg. exx. the idea is rather that of striking off than of throwing: buailis C. a ramhar a muiníl gur theilg in cenn dá choluinn, Ériu viii 139.27 . buaileas . . . do claideamh é gur theilg a dhá chois de, CF 102 (Eg.).

(d) lets down, lowers, casts down , with or without sís or similar adv.: dolécet huadib sís gl. demittunt, Ml. 121b2 . teilcithiu gl. demisso, 54d11 . condarlicthe tech immunn di nim that a house should be let down . . . from heaven, Wb. 15d13 . ind long cethararddidi doleced do nim, FA § 2 . telciter sís i fudamain iffirnd, § 28 . tōcbam cridi suas; teilgem gnúissi sís, ACL iii 313 § 19 . teilcid sís na seólu strike sails, BDD § 48 . telgid a seolu ┐ tiagait ar imrum, Aen. 106 . Oft. reflex.: a ndusleicet inna rind when the planets sink, BCr. 8b10 ( Thes. ii 11 ). doslecfitis nimhe for talmain the heavens would fall upon earth, Ériu ii 140 § 152 . talleici 'na slechtain kneels down , TBC-I¹ 1217 . dolig ara glūinib ē, ZCP vi 25.16 . condatarlaic frisin tenid sat down by the fire, LL 274b4 . nach duine dodforlaic inna fhoscudh, Ériu ii 116 § 50 . dolleci cach dib fria celi contuiliut they lie down in pairs, IT i 145.13 . Somet. with IMM in this sense: dolleici a cend immon cloich, IT i 82.2 . cloch fail i mmedón ind átha dosleice impe she seats herself on it, RC xiii 452.18 . commad im claideb dodoléced he fell on his sword, RC xvi 414.27 . Throws down, overthrows: dolleci C. a rrígthech sís, FB § 25 . lia mhor . . . co tarlaicedh a leth n-íochtarach do Chluain mic Nóis las an uiscce, AFM ii 646.9 . Hence by extension destroys: iss andsu dúib ind naithir . . . Dolléicetar iltúatha dí, TBFr. 415 (`many countries are left a prey to it', Études Celt. ii 13 , cf. ZCP iv 46.15 ). rochindistair [Dia] huili dāine do teilcend, Lec. 66b44 (confusion with dílgend?).

(e) lets fall, spills, sheds (extension of preceding): dofarlaicc déra, Trip.² 2093 . tarlaic M. déra, RC ii 390 § 19 . tir a teilcmis ar ndēra, ACL iii 311 § 4 . banna dorelic assa gruad, ZCP xii 379.8 . co tarlaic a déra fola, BDD § 106 . ni teilcfider fuil isin inud-sa co bráth, Trip. 470.3 . imeasorgain oca teilgtar fuili, Laws v 476.25 . doléci fuil draws blood (somet. with prep. ASS and perh. rather to be classed under follg. paragraph): ni theilcfet fir iffirn fuil essiut co bráth, LL 283b46 , cf. Fél. p. 152 . intí asa teilced fuil, ba marb re ndē nōmaide, TBC-I¹ 1488 . ní beo dia telcenn fuil he from whom it (a spear) draws blood dies, ZCP xii 244.13 . tuc fascadh ar T. cor theilg braen fola ar barr gach meoir da meraibh, CF 207 . In follg. late ex. apparently intrans. flows: da mbia an fuil tiugh ní teilginn acht 'na baindedhaib becca, 23 F 19, 7va38 .

(f) throws out, ejects , oft. with ASS: telgidh an t-inadh an t-aer as, Ir. Astr. Tr. 146.24 . teilgtear as na drochdháoine, Proverbs xii 7 . gach deoch no eabdais dusrelcctís hi frithisi they would vomit, Hugh Roe 24.1 = notelgdís, AFM vi 1918.16 . mad eisealbach an duine ┐ gurub baeghal telgan do denam do if there be danger of his vomiting, 23 P 10, 67.47 . nausae (= nausea) . . . maille re fonn teilgthe, 24 P 3, 56.7 . Loosely used in follg.: tarlaicc a cloidim asa tenntig he drew (lit. let loose) his sword from its scabbard, Grail 1891 .

(g) sends out, emits , utters (extension of preceding in various senses): tolléic a osnaid, FB § 88 . dauirtech .i. tech a telcter duair (focail), Laws v 102.28 Comm. tarlag-sa chucu . . . focla finda filed, Anecd. i 47 § 4 . dia ēcnuch ┐ aithisib . . . dolléici tenga cāich, Ériu ii 118 § 56 . Ferta Esclaim . . . a telctis cesta fir maith `where good men used to cast questions' (put, ask questions?), Metr. Dinds. ii 20 . ma dofeilget a neipert a narach doib `if they give their word as a bond (?)' (Plummer MS. notes), O'D. 717 ( H 3.17 523 ). a ghnúis do theilg ruithneadh róis, A. Ó Dálaigh xx 14 . doléci anáil exhales breath: crét tái cen t'anál do lécud immach anossa? uair is menic rothelcis anallana hí, PH 8135 . dia ttealccat an lucht úd a n-anala if . . . get breathing time, AFM v 1766 (cf. I (b) supra).

(h) Various: tailcidh bar ccurcha isin tracht, Anecd. ii 15.23 . rotilgedh ar in muir iad were cast adrift, KMMisc. 318.27 . teilcfidhther sil Bríain tar an Sinainn will be driven, ZCP iii 32.7 . ortsa do teilgiodh mé ón mbroinn I was cast upon thee, Psalms xxii 10 . íarraigh ar tús flaitheas Dé . . . ┐ teilgfidhthear na neithe-si uile chugaibh shall be added unto you, Matthew vi 23 . doléige i n-athghoirit gacha conaire lets loose (his troops), Hugh Roe 98.9 .

III leaves, abandons: tarlacmar ar tir tria bitho, Snedg. u. Mac R 12 § 52 . doléicfider Hēriu secht mbliadna ria mbráth, RC xxvi 48 . isin dara bliadain . . . dolléicset Gōidil Manaind, ZCP viii 327.33 . dobert side dó Mag T.; tallēicc a shíl íar cath C., 308.17 . doroiffnetar maicc ind rīg | co tarlaic tir nGoedel ngarg, xii 387.19 . (Fig.) nā telg . . . in mbrēithir adrubairt; nicon biad do māine dia trēicea, Ériu v 236.79 .

IV casts in one's mind, weighs, considers, forms an opinion or plan (late use): intí dar dlighidh nadura m'fhuil do dīn, go t[e]ilginn bāss d'imert orum plans to inflict death on me, Fier. 12 . gur theilg se beith a cumsanad (= ut requiem sibi daret proposuit), ITS xix 2 . madh ail leat folmugud ele do denam, teilg ce an linn as cinntach, 23 P 10³, 53b20 . teilgim gurub beg nach leor, etc. I opine , 23 P 10³, 37b27 .

V Intrans. betakes oneself, goes (prob. orig. reflex. lets oneself go): dolléci i mbudin Conculaind, FB § 11 . robretha a chlár cle frisna sluagaib, co tarlaic i Taurloch Caille, TBC-LL¹ 671 . in c(h)eili hi do-feilge don flaith the (other) client who contracts with the lord (goes over to? `der den Herrn annimmt'), ZCP xiv 392 § 60 ( Laws ii 338 ). ara telgdis ind loingsig dia mbailib ifrithisi that the exiles might return to their homes, BB 500a14 . romaedh marbadh na muinntir[e] meni telgdis uadh, 396a12 = mina deachdais, RC xvi 151 . Intrans. with prep. DO goes to, falls to (the possession of): o ré Cormaic . . . is doib tarlaic in tor tiar, Cog. 124.30 .

5 dubán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 5 dubán or dil.ie/19013
Last Revised: 2013

 

n (? dub) tip of the finger-nail : ma robenad barr a meoir o bun na hingne otha a duban suas de … mas o duban suas robenad de a ingu, eiric bainbeime ann 'if the top of his finger has been taken from him, [whether it be] from the base of his finger-nail [or] from the crescent (at the top of the nail) upwards … if it is from the crescent upwards that his finger-nail has been taken from him, the éric of a 'white blow' [is paid] for it' CIH i 303.32 , Peritia xvi 353 .

fáebar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fáebar or dil.ie/20997

 

Forms: fáebra, fáobhar

n o, m. (but n p. fáebra, LU 9617 ). fáobhar, IGT, Decl. § 17 .

I

(a) a sharp edge (of a sword or blade, also of a shield; seldom of pointed weapons): faobhar sgeo rinn, Ériu xiii 21.10 . mesir arm iarna ḟaobhruibh, 41.30 . hi fáebur in bélae the axe-edge LU 9027 (gloss) ( FB 77 ). ise in biail innraic ... tri meoir lethed a foebuir ..., O'Curry 884 (< H 3.18, 395b ). cromsciath co foebar condualach fair, TBC-I¹ 1158 = faebur chonduala, LU 5637 . cosmuiles in cloidim ar a mbitt in da faebur like a two-edged sword Laws v 222.25 Comm. dobert D. beim do faebur a gae tar mocoll ind lín, LU 1929 . la fáebru na ngaí, 8202 ( FB 15 ). meilid faebra, TBC-I¹ 3446 = melat fáebair, TBC-LL¹ 5831 . d'faebraip na tuagh ┐ na claidem, CCath. 5876 . faobar na sgene no na tuaighe, O'Dav. 1009 . mar ḟáobhar sgían mbearrtha IGT, Decl, 2043 . cuirfe sé fáobhair [sic] air a chloidheamh whet his sword Psalms vii 12 . gér amhuil cloidheamh dhá fáobhar, Proverbs v 4 . Of a bone: gérithir altan ... faebur a lurgan MR 20.3 .

(b) a sharp-bladed weapon: faibur .i. claideb (gl. machera) Ml. 75b11 . bla faebur `the exemption as to an edged weapon' Laws iii 236.23 . amal tregdas anmain duine foebur tria corp, ZCP iii 26.27 . dosoi foebar fri Fergail, RC xxiv 54.12 . grith faebair, Rawl. 124az = Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 17.4 . i mbiat fáebra fri fáebra, LU 9617 ( ZCP iii 208 ). níngabat renna no airm no faebair itir, TBC-LL¹ 1263 . ni ba heccal dó faobhra nád gallra, BNnÉ 293.1 . (faobhair v.l.). rop scíath fri fóebra fégi, Hy v 97 . cen armu, cen fáebru, MU² 644 ( LL 266b44 ). cen inad rend ┐ arm ┐ fáebur do dénam de, MU² 331 ( LL 264b5 ). faibraib derggaib with red sword-blades Rawl. 115a45 = Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 40.12 . iarna fóebraib fennad `after flaying them with sword-edges' Fél. Prol. 48 .

(c) a sharp-edged tool: saer istig ┐ faebhur, BB 25b33 = Leb. Gab.(i) i 46 . faebar la soer, Leb. Gab.(i) i 30 .

II Fig. keenness, sharpness; hence apex: faobhar ann ara fhertoiph `there is the acme of his mighty works' BNnÉ 284.32 . gan freagra faobhair without keen retort. Ó Bruad. iii 4 . an chruinne ar a fáobhar fúm, IGT, Decl. ex. 15 . Metaph: ? cis duar dían drongaighther i bfaobhraibh foimhdin, Ériu xiii 26.2 = i foebuir foimdib, O'Dav. 883 . in Laws, Comm.: orba for set n-imfaebair .i. ferann do-berar for conair .i. ime ada faebur, foebra la fine a cuingid cucu, foebrach léisi a aisec uaithi, Laws iv 46.25 . cuich in imaebur adeir ann? .i. ... faebur laisin fine im aisic don ingin ... ┐ faebur laisin ingin a aisic aris don fine (an explanation of im(f)aebair `double-edged, equivocal,' see Thurneysen, Ir. Recht 81 , 82 ), Laws iv 48.9 . fri (re) f.¤ coincidently with, at the time of: ni dernad do ulcc hi Connachtaib re faebar gabala rigi dosom achtmad oenslat ar sligid na Cruaiche, Ann. Conn. 1224 § 3 (= ALC i 268 ; corresp. to: re hucht gabhala, AFM iii 214.6 ).

III As npr. m.: Nemnuaill maic Faebair (a progenitor of Míl) Fianaig. 30.3 . o Chonand mac Febair, LL 6a45 . o Conaing mac Ḟaebhair, BB 27a9 . Conaing mac Faobhair, Keat. i 178 .

Compds. With adj. ¤derg: Cethern mac fial foebuirderg Fintain, TBC-I¹ 2760 = faebarderg red-bladed Ériu i 116.15 . Echaid faeburderg, LL 127b34 . Eochaidh Faeburderg, MacCarthy 296.2 . ¤gér sharp-edged: coibleng ... fuilech foebargher, Aen. 2371 . ¤glan clean- or bright-edged; epithet of javelins: i suaineamnaiph a fogad faebharglan, CCath. 5552 . ¤glas: gai fota faebarglas blue-bladed TBC-I¹ 2047 . As sobriquet, Eochaid Faeburglas, Rawl. 147a16 . LL 127b32 . ¤glicc skilful in wielding weapons: flaith na fian faebairglic, Acall. 664 . ¤nocht: bare-bladed (with unsheathed sword): a ḟlaith na fian faebharnochd, Acall. 1441 . ¤the: hot-edged, keen-edged: colg faobhairthe, TD 19.8 . sluagh f. ` keen-bladed host ' 3.21 . With subst.: ¤béim stroke with the edge of a weapon (?) TBC-LL¹ 1890 . ¤chless ` edge-feat ' name of a warlike feat: fáeborchles, LU 9291 . Ériu iv 30.9 . the edge of a weapon (?). TBC-LL¹ 1890 . ¤chless `edge-feat,' name of a warlike feat fáeborchles, LU 9291 . Ériu iv 30.9 . faeborcless, LU 5969 = TBC-I¹ 1501 . imma chromscíath ... cona bil áithgéir co tescfad finna i n-aigid srotha ... inbaid fogníth ... fáeborchless di is cumma imthescad dá scíath ┐ dá sleg ┐ dá chlaideb, LU 6433 = TBC-I¹ 1919 . dogni ... faeborchles don claidiub imma chend, BDD 148 . uii. bfaobhairchleasa, ZCP x 287.2 . ic faebarchless chlaideb uastu LL 266a10 ( MU² 541 ). Fig. in faebarchles feichemnais sin `this feat of accusation' MR 298.8 . Hence adj.: fálairbi ferrda ... faebar-clesach Frangc ` sword-dexterous ' MR 214.17 . ¤gal keen valour: rī ... co faebargail, Rawl. 85a5 . ¤gleó combat with sword or weapons TBC-LL¹ 3213 . ¤glond exploit or deed of arms: fri fúam febda faebarglonn, SR 6790 . ¤nél an edged, i.e. lightning-shedding cloud: re feirg bfaoboirnél bfuiglech `of the armed ( jagged ?) vociferous clouds' O'Gr. Cat. 451.11 .

1 fidba

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fidba or dil.ie/22005
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: fidhba, fidba, fidbu, fidbai

n (fid + bae, be, vn. termination fr. ben— `smite', see Wortk. 23 , Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 389 ) a bill-hook: fidhba (gl. falcastrum) Ir. Gl. 797 . sarculum .i. sidbe (leg. fidbe) .i. ferum unde uinea inciditur , Études Celt. xxii 211 § 22, 216 . f.¤ n-inraic na diuclad fid cona toimsib techta .i. dorn dia chrau. tri meoir ina croch. reisiu fod a foebuir, tri mer dua churr. mer dia frithchurr. ordlach lethit a cuil occa crandaid. lethordlach ar medon. trian oc a chuirr, O'Curry 883 (< H 3.18, 395a ). fidba cen ṡeim, Triads 172 . fidba, Críth G. 180 . d s. fidbu, 247 . aitheach ... | f.¤ isin dara lāim dō, Anecd. i 45.15 . im biaill, im fidbae, Laws i 124.15 . fidbad fri felmad, iv 72.3 . doluidh A. ┐ fidhbai 'na lāim dia marbad, Corm. Y 690 . g s. i fomailt do béla, do fidbai , Laws i 166.25 . larg a suisti ┐ larg a bela ┐ larg a fidba, iii 106.15 Comm . Name of letter f. in `Ogham tīrda', Auraic. 5725 . triasin f.¤ cnáma jaw-bone SR 5343 . triasin f.¤ chnáma .i. lecca chamaill, LB 127b7 . srengais in n-ól don ḟ.¤ chnáma draws back the cheek from the jawbone LU 6457 . TBC-LL¹ 2606 . See follg.

foga

Cite this: eDIL s.v. foga or dil.ie/22689

 

Forms: fogau, fogu, fagu, foga, fogha, fagha, -dha

n io, m. (fo-gaí) O.Ir. a p. fogau (gl. spicula) Thes. ii 48.7 . fogu (v.l. fagu) ib. 34 . foga, 363.2 . In later Mid. Ir. freq. treated in pl. as dental stem: fogha, fagha (n p. ¤, -dha) IGT, Decl. § 2 p. 40 .

A small spear, a javelin, in heroic lit. distinguished from gae and sleg , and generally forming part of a warrior's equipment. faga .i. fī-ga .i. drochgaī, Corm. Y 635 . gai fota ... re faga féig fobartach, LU 6562 . sleg cóicrind ina láim. foga fogablaigi inna farrad, 6298 . Ailill Diabalgái ... is leis dorondad faga ar tus dia beith i fail gai moir, Cóir Anm. 288 . Ferghus Fogha .i. issé [a]rainig foghai la gai mór ar tus, 259 . robo imda gái ┐ f.¤ íarna brisiud, TTr.² 1371 . ac seo sleg it laim ... ┐ ac seo fagha fogablach it laim, Acall. 6867 . Ben bodbda ainm na sleige ┐ Deogh bāis ainm ind ḟagha, 6876 . ro mebdatar a slegha ┐ a foghadha, CCath. 2126 . dobertaig na fagada bega ... rabai 'na laim, TTebe. 919 . do gab a fhaga ... ina laim ... ┐ tuc urchar do Tid, 924 . fetgaire na faga fírgēr, LL 243b41 ( TTr. 2009 ). scrédgaire na fagha, CCath. 476 . ro coirighsit a coirrmera ... i suaineamnaiph ... a fogad , 5552 . foluaman a bḟagadh, Marco P. 61 . fúair ... aradain olc | ac fagadaib i Fornocht, Metr. Dinds. iii 74 . berid lais lan a glaice d'ḟoghadhaib, Aen. 2655 = manus ... iaculis oneravit Aeneid x 868 . ? cona fogtaib, BB 494b45 ( IT ii 99.22 = cona ḟochestaib, Alex. 713 , see fogast). meóir ... lúbtha um ḟoghaibh, TD 4.30 .

forgabál, forngabál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. forgabál, forngabál or dil.ie/23649

 

Forms: forngabail, forngabáil, forgabhala, Forgabail, Forngabhail

n ā, f.

I

(a) in physical sense grip, clutch: .uii. meóir ... co ngabáil ingni sebaic co forgabáil ingne griúin ar cach n-aí LU 6552 (= forgobail, TBC-I¹ 2036 ). TBC-LL¹ 2725 . Holding fast, keeping back: lie forgabail aru fual constriction RC xii 90 . Of a dam: do sgaoil ar in sruth ┐ ro ḟosgail an ḟorgabail , TBC-LL¹ 3888 St. co hionadh na forgabala, 3878 St (preparations for launching the Gae Bolga).

(b) in Laws forcible or illegal seizure, esp. of exacting a due already paid: ina gabail etechta no ina forgabail (.i. firgabail uimpi dar gellaib ┐ dar airgib), Laws i 90.29 ; cf. i ngabail aithgabala ettechta no inna forngabail , Ir. Recht p. 9 (`Zurückbehalten'). athgabail tar cert a forrngabail, Laws v 256 . is i a forngabail cach athgabala ... cin dia ruicter a breith ... do imluad aitherrach ib. forngabail, O'Dav. 958 . cin gaiti ... ó biudbuidh ina forngabail do fechemuin ina breth tar crich ` recapturing ' Laws i 222.14 Comm. cf. ii 76.22ff. Comm . For ma forngabhaid, ma forngabadh, Laws i 220 the MS ( H 3.17, c. 83 ) has ina forngab- which prob. should be read forngabáil as in Laws i 222.9 , 14 , where MS has same suspension. ar dofuslaicthi fīr cach forrgabail .i. fuaslaicter a firgabail on tī bīs oc gabail ime co inndligthech , H 3.18, 233a17 .

(c) in wider sense seizing by force, capturing: ferann creiche ... ┐ forgabhala, Cog. 40.24 ; 70.7 . la forgabhala Briain `in addition to the capture of B.' AU iii 342 [but the form is either gen. or pl.; leg lá f.¤ ?]. As allegor. npr. m.: Forgabail (one of `sē maccu Mīenich') RC xxiv 280 § 20 = Forngabhail, Anecd. ii 63 (hence, prob.: fornghabhail .i. cruas, O'Cl.).

II Of a method of spear-throwing: fosceirdside issa tír súas in slig, ┐ a mmíl inna tháeb. léciud ón co forgabail, [i.e.] cenéle n-imberta gaiscid, co lluid tarsin tlacht ... ┐ tresin léine baí im A., LL 250b8 ( TBFr. § 18 ).

Cf. 1 forgab.

frithchorr

Cite this: eDIL s.v. frithchorr or dil.ie/24459

 

n m.: of part of a billhook ; the curved end of the blade (?) : fidba n-inraic ... dorn dia chrau tri meoir ina croch reisiu fod a foebuir tri mer dua churr mer dia frithchurr, H 3.18, 395b2 ( O'Curry 883 ). Cf. s.v. frithchuman, v.l.

1 garb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 garb or dil.ie/25380
Last Revised: 2019

 

adj o,ā rough, rugged, coarse; rude, harsh (of physical and moral qualities): talam garb ganmide, FA 30 . folt ṅ-garb, TBC-LL¹ 5386 . léne garb threbnaid, 5388 . in Morrigan i riocht saidhi gairbi, 2302 . fiuchud na fergge fir-gairbe, 2616 . sacart cemad garb a guth, ACL iii 222.11 . romarbadh leis, garb in scēl, Eoin, Ériu iv 174 § 3 . garb nochrach a crand mbith, O'Dav. 233. Cf. IT iii 51.3 . gleó garbh, Oss. iv 2.4 . ch garbh (i.e. hard as in cloch) ... ch mín (as in braich), IGT Introd. § 48 . sneachta garbh, Dán Dé v 41 . a chneas garbh (to a sword) `form so harsh !' TD 33.2 . pl. goetha ... garba gemreta, FA 30 (LB). for beraib ruadaib rogarbaib, PH 8294 . broit garba gæsidecha, TTebe 1528 . fiacla garba goinideacha, 905 . géindte garba `rough gentiles,' MacCarthy 408.12 . In gramm. con(n)suin(e) garb a voiceless continuant (see Phil. Soc. Trans. lxiv (1965/66) 151 ): as cóir connsuine crúaidh ┐ connsuine garbh re hénchonnsuine mbog, IGT Introd. § 54 . an tan teaguimh dá chonnsuine gharbha dá chéile, § 106 . Note also: téid sealbhadh ruis i ruis ngairbh 'the sealbhadh of r becomes 'rough' r', Éigse xxxvi 39 § 6, 83 . muin teann, nion teann ... luis teann, ngéadar, ruis rogharbh 'unlenited m, nn ... ll, ng, rr', Celtica xxvii 59 § 7 . Equative garbidir draigen, ZCP ix 452.29 . Compar. ní ba gairbe a ngním nó a ngleó, Metr. Dinds. iii 380.16 . cid as gairbi tracht, ZCP xiii 272.5 . Superl. cía gairbem (MSS gairbium) ránac? 'who are the coarsest you have met?', BFF 164 § 8.17 .

Compds. ¤achad a rough field : tre garbacdaib ... drislechaibh, CCath. 3417 . ¤ainech: laoch garboinech, TBC-LL¹, p. 775, n. 2 . ZCP ix 456.15 . ¤all a rugged cliff , CCath. 2878 . ¤arán coarse bread : do garbarán chorca, MacCongl. 89.16 . ¤armach: Gian g. `rough-weaponed Gyas,' TTebe 3564 . ¤betha: cruadhbetha no gairbbetha, O'Dav. 338 . ¤brat a rough cloak : garb-bruit ruain[n]igh, ib. ¤cacht rude bondage , SR 2227 . ¤cennacht harsh authority , ZCP viii 230 § 13 . ¤cess rude suffering , SR 918 . ¤cluiche rough sport (of war) : romarbus dom garbcluchi, TBC-LL¹ 4199 . torcratar ... do garbcluithe Troiannae, LL 408a40 ( TTr. 2221 ). ¤cóiced: ricche an gharbh-chóigidh .i. Tuadmuman, ZCP x 8.5 . ¤conghair rough clamour , CCath. 4332 . ¤dordán harsh crooning , ib. 4008 . ¤driuch bristles , Lism. L. 2212 . ¤ecor a rough (jagged ?) row : garbeccur ... do birfiaclaibh, CCath. 4026 . ¤escuir of rough growth (?): a lion scoid gairbescuir ra a cnes 'a rough linen cloth next her skin' ZCP xxxvi 71 . ¤fáiscim I squeeze roughly : go ngairbhfaiscend iad, Aisl. Tond. 109 § 4 . ¤ferann rough-land (in n. l.) : Gairbḟerand claidim Luigdech, RC xxiv 186.17 . Cf. Keat. i 126.13 . garbhferann na Gaillia, CCath. 152 . ¤findach rough-haired : madra gairbhḟindach, Acall. 1900 . ¤fregartach giving rough answers, MR 150.22 . ¤gáel : mac Fergusa Gairbgæla, BB 114 f. 41 . Genelach sil Gairbgaela, ib. 33 . ¤gaeth rough wind : fri garbgaetha, SR 4288 . ¤geimlech of cruel fetters : triath gairbhgheimlech, Top. Poems 70.9 = maidhmneimhneach, Top. Poems² 823 . ¤glac a rugged hand : meoir cromma ... for a garbglacaip, CCath. 4030 . ¤glés harsh tuning , Anecd. ii 7.6 . ¤gothach: glámh garbh-ghothach, TSh. 6626 . ¤greim rude force , SR 6286 . ¤grennach rough-bearded , ib. 5784 . ¤lestar a roughly-fashioned vessel : do minlestraib ... no do gairblestraib, O'Curry 929 ( H 3.18, 406 ). ¤linntech with stormy waters , CF 288 . ¤loiscthech fiercely burning , MR 112.21 . ¤lus (botan.) goldylocks, goosegrass , Ó Bruad. iii 134.6 . ? ¤rón: mór cath ngarbrōn (: Arnōn), SR 4675 = garb-brón, W.S. eclach ... glunmar garbron, BB 257b9 . ¤sín rough weather, storm : ainbthine ... na gairbhsíne gemreta, CCath. 166 . AFM vi 2220.10 . fásaidh gaoth ... is gairbhshíon, L. Cl. A. B. xli 17 . ¤snaide rough hewing : tamain troma do giuis arna garb-snoidi, TTebe 1475 . ¤snoidte rough-hewn : an gius ngarbhsnoighthe, 3674 . ¤sruth rough stream , SR 1678 (of the Tigris). ¤tana (epithet of hell) rough and narrow (?), RC xxvi 362.y . ¤tanach (tonach) rough washing (as place-name), Acall. 4173 . ¤tene fierce fire : ilar casrach ṅgarb-thened, SR 902 . ¤tír rough land : ceithri triucha na garbthire frisa raiter Tír Conaill aníu, Acall. 2730 . on lo do-cuir sen Clann Ir | Conull Gulban don gairbhthír, Irish Texts ii 7 § 8 . ¤tond rough wave , CCath. 2791 . ¤torand rough thunder , RC xxvi 148.10 . ¤trian rough third (in n. l.): i nGairbhthrian Connacht (i.e. Leitrim, Longford and Cavan), AFM iii 196.13 .

As npr m. see Heldensage. (Index); RC xiv 414.16 . Garb mac Ronain, BCC § 175 . Rawl. 144f12 . Garb mac Bicne Caích, 129b42 .

1 ind, inn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ind, inn or dil.ie/28302
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: ind, n-ind, ind, ind, ind, hinn, ind, fhionn, ind, enna, n-enna, hinna, eand, indaib, hinnaib, eannaib, n-indib, finnuib, n-ind

n o, n. n s. ind, Ml. 45d19 . Corm. Y 808. cach n-ind , LU 6445. ind mbemmi, TBC-LL¹ 4285. a s. co ind , LU 10847. g s. (? or g p.) ind, RC xiv 242.4 . d s. for hinn , SR 8306. do ind , TBC-LL¹ 676. o fhionn , Keat. iii 1164 . n p. ? ind, Ériu v 238.98 . enna, CCath. 5323. a p. i n-enna , LU 5362. re hinna , TBC-LL¹ p. 233 n. 13 . ? g p. eand, MR 168.24 . d p. assa indaib , Fél. 152.19 . for hinnaib , SR 8265. ós eannaib , MR 198.3 . ara n-indib , TTebe 401 . finnuib, ZCP x 347 § 21. n du. a da n-ind , LU 7227.

end, extremity, tip, point, edge, surface: inn cech barr, Corm. Y 1119 s.v. rind scine. ionn. i.¤ rinn, Leb. Gab.(i) 266 n. 3. ind noc[h] is rind, Laws v 12.y Comm. `ind' ainm gach oirir no gach imil, BNnÉ i 235.30 .

(a) Used of the extremities of the body

(i) the top of the head: lurech dé dum imdegail ota m'ind gom bond, RC ii 113.4 . ba tend in tuargain dobertis ara n-indib ┐ ara n-ochtaib `on their heads and on their bosoms,' TTebe 401 . díreach é o fhionn go bonn, Keat. iii 1164. gúna síoda ó inn go haltaibh `from poll of head to ankle,' Ó Bruad. i 36.6 . co n-accae in ingin ... oc folcud a ind (= a cind, YBL 212a12 ) `washing her head,' (or perh. washing her hands and feet ?), RC xiv 242.4 .

(ii) In pl., the extremities of the hands and feet, the extremities in general ; sg. the tip: robadar sreba fola assa indaib `out of his fingers,' Fél. 152.19 . lāmand .i. lām-ind .i. ind na lāime ēidigthir dī, Corm. Y 808. lūirech Dē fam balluib | ōm mulluch gom finnuib, ZCP x 347 § 21. dobretha roth n-urchair di ... do ind a oenláime, TBC-LL¹ 676. lámanda do shechedaib tarb im lámaib na mmíled ┐ íalla a hinnaib a mér (describing the caestus), LL 223a3 . cach mball ┐ cach n-alt ┐ cach n-ind ┐ cach n-áge de o mulluch co talmain, LU 6445. ó ind a mullaig co hind a meoir , LB 142b z. is dath snechta corp co ind, LU 10847. is beg nar comrancadar ind a mer ┐ a cos, Ériu v 238.98 . timpán 'ga tadall d'aigthib ocus d'formnadaib eand ocus ingen na suad `of the finger-tips and nails ...,' MR 168.24 . o innaib a traiged co remhar a sliasat, CCath. 4663. ar inn a gualann `to the tip of his shoulder,' Stair Erc. 190. for indaib t' abrat, Corm. Y 726.

(iii) the tongue: ind .i. tenga. ut est imdeguil co n-ind Aithirni arm `protection with the tongue was Atherne's weapon,' O'Dav. 1084. ind .i. tenga no ind .i. urlabra ut est targud aurduirn fri Athirne cona ind ... .i. cona urlabra nemhnig `guiding his fist against Athirne with his tongue .i. with his virulent utterance,' 1088 = fria hAthairne ionn, Ériu xiii 21.25 .

(iv) of the eyes, pl. the points (cf. 1 rind) : an féccadh ... forgruamdha do bert cach for aroile díbh d'ionnaibh a rosc rinn-radharcach, AFM v 1614.12 .

(b) the point of a weapon or rod: cresaigthiseom in gaí co comraiged a dá n-ind, BDD² 850. atchessa ... siride folai fordergi ... a hindaib cholg ndét ngéramnas, Alex. 21. gia ra thiasmáis i ndib carptib ánd itte co araile iar n-idnaib na n-arm (ar iondaibh, ar ionnaibh, v.ll.), TBC-LL¹ 5864. cingis Cuchulaind co mbái for ind uachtarach in bera, 1948 . co cet[h]eora traigedh ... o ta a urdorn co a ind `from its haft to its point' (of a sword), CCath. 5244. co luptais a n-enna `till their ends bent' (of rods), 5323 . ind ind (leg. i n-ind) fleisce, Anecd. i 55 § 36.

(c) the top (of a tree), the summit (of a hill) : cotnoccaib in t-usci súas co mboí i n-indaib crand, LU 5519. cāin cach caill ō inn co clār, Four Songs 10 § 10 . snigid snechta ... d'innaib craeb a caillid chuan, SG 366.23 . corbo chonair letartha cach n-ulind ┐ cach n-ind ┐ cach n-aird ┐ cach n-aircind don charput sin, LU 6403. a n-indib cnoc ┐ carrac, Acall. 3513. do ind gach aird ┐ do tulmhoing gacha tulchi, BS 114 § 57 . co hinn ┐ co hardmullach in tsleibhi, Stair Erc. 636.

(d) In general top, end, point, edge: metaph. ind inna iarfaichtho (gl. sub inquissitionis scemate) 'the point of the question', Ml. 45d19 . delidin .i. deliugud ō ind .i. ō deud a separation from the end, Corm. Y 448. indrosc .i. ind-ārosc .i. ārosc dā ind brēithre, 747 . ind a elle 'n-a oil `the top of his thong in his cheek,' Laws v 80.1 . cislir rann fil for crū ? Nī hansa. A .iii. ranna .i. rann ō bon cétamus ┐ rann ō inn ┐ rand armedōn, Ériu i 214.15 . Ériu uli o ind co fond ` from top to bottom ,' Three Hom. 44.20 . for hinnaib na lasra sin, SR 8265. ba samalta lem re hinna righratha ... in carbad rampart , TBC-LL¹ p. 233 n. 13 .

? In sense of fate: in olc lat ind do thigerna ... a corp do beith fa conaib, TTebe 3979 (MSS. id, leg. [a]ided ?).

Folld. by gen. of substantive in sense of something that is slight, the least degree of anything: enechgris a n-indaib ind foghla. Is cubaidh īarom ind inn-alaill .i. ind érco i n-ind foghla, Corm. Y 533. transltd. `das enech-gris gehört zum Geringsten von Schädigung. So ziemt sich ein Geringstes fürs andere, nämlich Geringstes von Busszahlung für Geringstes von Schädigung,' Thurn., ZCP xvi 267. (Later, ib. p. 408 , Thurn. would read with Book of Uí Maine : enechgris i n-indaib .i. i n-ind fogla ` enechgrīs gehört zu den geringsten (Dingen), d.h. zum Geringsten von Schädigung'). for ind oirggne ... an-ro-saig bó 'co etrud for ingilt, ro-saigh in bech oc tecclamad a thoraid ( Laws iv 164.6 ) `auf das Geringste von Plünderung ...,' ib. an cúiceadh liaigh ... ni rainic acht inn mbeme é, TBC-LL¹ p. 609 n. 6 (Stowe). mas hind póice thucais dam ... ind tadaill duit hi Temraig transltd. `since hasty the kiss thou hast given me ... thou shalt have a hasty visit to Tara,' Ériu iv 102.3 .

(e) edge (of a territory, etc.), surface ? (of water, etc.) : i neich doberar a ind in uisci for ind in bera `of the thing which is taken from the surface of the water on the top of a spear,' Laws v 478.7 - 8 Comm. mod nad resed corr in tṡúil anaill do ind a gruade the surface of his cheek ? (of an eye deeply set), RC xiv 404.6 . tir linde .i. bhis i n-ind in ena [.i.] in uisci at the edge of the water, Laws i 140.16 Comm. co treib no ind ín feraind `to the ... end of the land,' iv 22.23 Comm. i n-inn iarthair inse Ghrég, O'Gr. Cat. 454.30.

(f) Of time end, extremity: o sin amach co hind a forbarta when they have done growing, O'Curry 671 (< H 3.18, p. 328b ). (in cheville) clu co hind, Rawl. 116a30 .

In prep. phrase, cu ind to: ro hindlaiced chu ind a sida (dochum, v.l.), Acall. 5719. tangadur tri meic Buidb co Cormac (cu inn righ Érenn v.l.), 2726 n. ro léicthea ... in cú chu ind Find, 6198 . lá do chur ... cuind na sé seachtmaine, O'Gr. Cat. 313.y . cuir seachtmhain ... cuind gach én nuimreach, ib. 1 .

Compds. ¤cael slender-pointed: ulcha fota indchóel (finncoel, v.l.) dégablach lais, TBC-I² 3616 , TBC(C) 2741 . na mergedha ... inncaela eirblecha, CCath. 4928. ¤ḟoda having long points: nōi mberu indfodai findcuild, MacCongl. 117.23 .

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