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airbiur

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airbiur or dil.ie/1640

n (bir?): manip sceó mera mórgnimo merthar a.¤ mo chlaidib (rhet.), LU 5424 ( TBC-I¹ 947 , ZCP ix 143.25 ). Note also: carpat . . . cona thairbirib (airbhirib v.l.) níath, TBC-LL¹ 2630 . See tairbir.

airdail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airdail or dil.ie/1798

Forms: a.

n (with unlen. -d-). f. Doublet of ernail, O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 182 . equivalent amount: urdāil frighed as much as a flesh-worm, ZCP vii 302.35 . gan urdail (: Gulbain) an uain, Irish Texts ii 8 § 15 . fogēbtha dam-sa a n-irdāil-se, Ériu i 46.3 (= foghébhaso an ernail cēdna doridhisi, RC xxvi 374.20 ). coic mili dec fad in fhoslongpuirt ┐ in urduil cetna ar lethud ann, ZCP vi 59.2 . urduil ind éin `as much as the weight of', 284.22 . urdail an dadoimh (not) even an atom, Desid. 2218 . na caith an urdail sin na mera fuigleach talgais agud do not eat so much that a little of your appetite will not remain, 23 P 10 (iii), 30a9 . urduil ar thuit do doinib ann sin, Ann. Conn. 1369.11 . tearc aón maith . . . gan a huirdail uilc, Ó Héodhusa 252.6 . céad urdail a ndubhairt mē adéarainn . . ., Content. xv 75 . tri hurdail, PH 7561 . na secht pecaidh . . . a n-urdail sin do ṡalmuibh glanus an anmain, ZCP xiii 10.5 . is airdhala do neoch frisa cinnenn ardaigh a áoisi namá `he is worthy of any man whom he may meet', Misc. Hag. Hib. 21.4 . a.¤ FRI (RE): ni bec limsa urdail ris i.e. as much as he gets, Acall. 6003 (is lor limsa a oiret v.l.). ni thibar . . . / acht urdail re cach noclach, Metr. Dinds. iv 6.20 . urdail d'aimsir ré a athair, TD 32.38 . atáid rér oile i n-urdail `are equal', Content. vi 59 . a.¤ ocus: da urdail (: cumgaig) é is énteidm i.e. it is a double misfortune, Caithr. Thoirdh. 59.35 . baoi Eochaidh a urdháil soin ┐ deich céad dá n-iomurcaidh E. was as much as ten hundred stronger than they, L. Cl. A. B. 26.25 . a c[h]oibēis ┐ a aurdail do loghadh . . . ┐ do raghadh . . ., Fl. Earls 212.18 . a urdail do deighinntinn . . . ┐ mar do ragdaoiss sa gcathraigh sin `as much satisfaction as if they had gone to that city', 12.17 .

caindelbrae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. caindelbrae or dil.ie/7803

Forms: coindealbra

n (Lat. candelabrum). coindealbra m., IGT Decl. § 2 . candle-stick, cresset(?), candelabrum: drochta, caindelbra[e], scena buana aíne . . . caindel for caindelbrai (cainilbrath MS) (furnishings of the house of a `mruigfer'), Críth G. 177 . caindelbrai quasi caindel fuirre [nō] candelabrum , Corm. Y 279 . caindelbra .i. de[i]l direch for a mbi in breo taithneamach i tigh cach duine, O'Dav. 535 . ar-sesatar drū[i]th . . . eter in di chondelbrai (et— dan dib condelbrae, MS), Ériu xix 83 § 12 . im ch.¤ tige caich, Laws i 126.5 . caindelbrai gelbdai, SR 4367 . secht ṁbenna . . . / forsin chaindelbrau cruanderg, 4342 . trí chét unga óir isin chainde[l]bru, Celtica iv 32.450 . in dabach coic cubait in caindelbrai istig, LL 3695 . coema caindebrai (sic) créda, 3580 ( cáema caindelbra, Metr. Dinds. i 32.60 ). deich caindelbra d'or ergna, Rawl. 79a38 . co n-acca in cainnealbra . . . in cainneal . . . fora cainnelbra, Lism. L. 2001 . ise seo esimolair caindleorabrobha (sic) Moise, Laud 610, 32v (cited from Plummer MS notes). isin ch.¤ sheacht-delbach (sic MS), PH 5528 . coinnealbhrudh . . . lán do choinnlibh ar lasadh, Desid. 3065 . is don cloich so do ro ronadh . . . coinnealbrath, Celtica ii 80.356 . céir ag cur connealbra a críaidh. IGT Decl. ex. 99 . méra corra an choinnealbhra, ex. 131 . In n. loc. C.¤ in bantrachta, Acall. 5545 .

commairge

Cite this: eDIL s.v. commairge or dil.ie/11492
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: combairge, coimirc

n [], f. Also -c(h)e (see ZCP ix 342 - 3 ) and coi-, cu(i)-. n s. combairge, ZCP iii 240.6 . d s. coimirc, Párl. na mB. 4033 . cumairce comairce cumairchi comairchi cumairgi comairgi (c.¤ cáol leis íad, v.l.) f., IGT Decl. § 3 (44.15) . comairci, -che, -ghe, cum-, Verbs § 83 . cumraidhe, Celtica xi 211 = comairghe, BCC 30.19 .

(a) protection, security, refuge; sanctuary: act of protecting , etc. (see Críth G. pp. 106 - 7 ): commairce .i. comhmarcaigheachd, O'Cl. fáosamh .i. com[ha]irce, Eg. Gl. 647 . rāith c.¤ `surety of protection', PRIA xxxvi 308.19 ( Laws iv 340.20 , ZCP xii 366.1 ). for foísam ríg na ndúle / comairche nachanbéra (leg. -méra , Edd.) `a protection which will not betray us', Thes. ii 306.5 . lubair cretra c.¤ , LL 3921 `protection', Ériu viii 71.20 . comairce na ngrádh flatha so sís. cúic laithe comraite (leg. c.¤?) an airech desa; sé la comraite (leg. c.¤?) an aire tuisi; deich lá comraite (leg. c.¤?) an aire áird etc., O'D. 845 ( H 3.17, 602 ). comairche in aired bes a caithemh ambaile ┐ faesam dana iar fagbáil in baile, O'Curry 1386 ( H 3.18, 630a ) (cf. Laws ii 20 n. 4 ). cen ḟáosam, cen chomairche ina tíre, TTr.² 246 . bá túalaing a chomairgi in fer sin, LU 7778 = cumairce, BDD² 1323 . batir comarchi forro a n-airm, LU 3237 ( SCC 2 ). ba do comaircib na haimsire sin na hairm `the safeguards', RC xii 106 § 162 . Cf. section (c) below. tuc curu ┐ commairgeda ria nachas rinfed etc., LL 31131 ( TTr. 314 ). Easgob Ibair is Ailbhi / do c[h]rādh ima comairghi `sanctuary', Ériu xviii 60 § 13 . sochraid cach comairci, ACL iii 229.102 = ZCP xvii 61 § 24 . do ch.¤ a meic to protect his son(?), LL 2314 . do sharugud a comairgi, RC xxvi 134.12 . bid hi in chomairchi glan grinn, Fen. 108.9 . do fhagaibh se coimerghe ag mindaib . . . C.C. `enjoined safeguard', BCC 74.7 . tech ōiged la comairghi, ZCP vii 298.4 . comairche cotchend ┐ termonn, Ann. Conn. 1235.16 . dul tar ceart dár gcomairghe `the injustice involved in saving me', PBocht 17.19 . a n-onoir . . . na comairghe ordeochas se do beith ag an ferand so, BCC 30.20 . ceann comuirghe `chief protector', O'Hara 1768 . séana croinn na comairche (:aithne) (of tree of life?), DDána 6.8 . roba gairit in caill comarchi uathib iat they could afford them little protection from them (their pursuers)(?), Cog. 176.23 . coill chumairghe (of a family), IGT Decl. ex. 189 . sgíath comairghe (:connailbhe) (of a chief), Studies 1919, 74 § 15 . maithmhighe ar gcinn choimirce (: reimpe) (of Michael), DDána 11.36 .

(b) With various verbs and prepp.: do-berat comairgi di they give her protection, Heroic Biography of Cormac mac Airt 121.73 . ro gabais chommairchi you have sought protection, Fing. R. 51 . an tí ro gab ar chomairce a gualann, O'Curry 2626 ( Eg. 88, 53(54)c ). ro gab a commairgi fort in bairgen `has got its protection against thee', Ériu i 134.8 . gabh mo chomairce, a chuirp Íosa, A. Ó Dálaigh xvii 1 . do chuaidh ar a choimeirce, IT ii2 144.562 . dochuadur fein ar cumraighi Ronáin, KMMisc. 313.3 . tú ar a ccomairghe cuireim I place thee under their protection, Studies 1919, 440 § 13 . B. do marbhadh ar a comairce `while under his protection', Laws i 66.x Comm. iar marbad mac nUsnig fora ḟaísam ┐ fora chommairgi `in despite of his guarantee and surety', TBC-LL² 363 . fort comairge damh `under thy protection may I be', Ériu xix 14 § 11 . fora ccomairccibh, AFM ii 1074.13 . arna ndiúlthadh fa chumairce an tsagairt sin safe passage (`release'), Ériu v 92.20 . dar comhairge na bachla Iósa `in violation of', AFM ii 988.11 . maith [mo] choimirce ar cóir nDé protection against, A. Ó Dálaigh xxiv 1 .

(c) Of persons affording protection sureties, guarantors, protectors (us. in pl.): ? [í]ar lín a chomairce ┐ a charat, Críth G. 366 . ? na huile daine do cuir in ri amach din cumairce, O'Curry 1062 ( H 3.18, 439a ). rogabsat a c.¤ `took to them sureties', Metr. Dinds. iii 272.36 . tiagat c.¤ friu, IT i 75.9 ( LMU 13 ). ar ba duna comaircib bai fri maccaib Uisnech Cormac, BB 250b15 . na comairgi `protectors', RC xxvi 134.13 . go madh fiadhnach lasna comairgibh a chion `evident to the sureties', AFM ii 1072.12 . Note also: tainic in comharba ar toradh a retha a ndiaigh na comairge `the protected cattle', ZCP x 18. 26 v.l.

1 corr

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 corr or dil.ie/12513
Last Revised: 2019

adj I o, ā. On meanings cf. Loth, RC xxxiv 148 f. , TD ii 188 - 9 . ` tapering, cuspidated, peaked, pointed, jutting out or up, swelling ', Measgra D. 245 . Used of a wide variety of objects, incl. geographical features, places, buildings, weapons, human beings, animals, parts of the body, instruments, vessels, trees. Often somewhat vaguely applied: im Crúachain cuirr, LU 2847 . caidi ced-ainm in chairn chuirr?, Metr. Dinds. iii 356.7 . ón chrích chuirr, Bard. P. 5 . 16 . cathair ch.¤ , IT iii 23.2 . teagh c.¤ colam, IGT Decl. ex. 1343 . .u. claidhim corra catha, BB 273a35 . ar crandaibh camaibh corraibh, IT iii 86 § 91 . mac B. . . . gléchuirr `bright-eminent', Metr. Dinds. iii 272.26 . mac in chleirigh cuirr, AU ii 180.4 `stooped? hump-backed?' Plummer MS notes. fir chorra (of chessmen), Miscell. Celt. Soc. 160.7 . corrmhil c.¤ , IT iii 81 § 59 . a ccomtach a dha ccioch cc.¤ , Ériu iv 55.17 . na ruisg corra chriostalta, Dánta Gr. 13.11 (cf. cuirre). méra corra, IGT Decl. ex. 131 . dá pheinn . . . chuirr, ex. 1101 . pistal cuínge cuírre, IT iii 101 § 181 . fion . . . a cuachuibh corra, Rel. Celt. ii 208.26 . dī chūarán corra, MacCongl. 9.22 . cnóe corra, LL 27688 ( Dinds. 160 ). mínréidh na ród gc.¤ uile, A. Ó Dálaigh liv 2 . leathan thīs ┐ c.¤ t[h]uas (of a drop of milk), B. Fermoy 219b30 cited Duan. F. iii 246 . bainid teas . . . a cnapain corra dib `knobby' (hail- stones), Ir. Astr. Tr. 152.1 .

In more abstract senses: teacht ar druim cuain nó calaidh / ar uair gcuirr níor chleachtabhair, LBranach 6397 perh . `at an untimely hour', Gloss. ? do thréigios geallta corra / ní ghébhainn geall . . . / . . . acht do mholadh, 3406 . caince c.¤ / doní tonn . . . T., Acall. 861 `strange music', Murphy Lyrics 49.10 . laithe corra, TD 18.5 `unsettled', Notes (short?). diebus imparibus . . . .i. is na laithibh corra on odd days, 23 K 42, 57.14 (see subst. use below).

Equat. cuirrither hog luin a di ṡúil, Corm. 36.27 = cuirrit[h]ir, Corm. Y 1059 (91.17) . Compar. cuirre iná c.¤ aurócbála a dhá grúad, Corm. 36.29 . an bhruidhean nach cuirre cnoc, DDána 119.32 . na chíche nach curra an tugh, Rel. Celt. ii 232.10 .

II As subst. ā, [f.] (later somet. o) projecting part, end, corner, peak etc.: barr, críoch, c.¤ , Eg. Gl. 65 . c.¤, adharc, rinn etc., 119 . Used of a wide variety of objects (cf. adj. use supra): co cuirr Chruachain, BS 120.12 . fa cuirr cairrgi, ACL iii 235.20 . san gc.¤ choir(?), apse(?) (of a church), Eochairsg. 113.9 . corra an domhain = ends , Isaiah xli 5 . don chuirr bragat gl. ceruici, Gild. Lor. 133 . do benastar na goithne . . . i c.¤ bragatt na flatha ` nape ', Ann. Conn. 1405.15 . corra braghad `bend of the neck', O'Gr. Cat. 269.13 . re doighteach na naronn ┐ na gc.¤ mbraghad, 23 K 42, 156.6 . saothar mór ar na corraibh braghad, 165.7 (exact sense in pl. not clear). co tuargaib cend ass i coirr a chride (a knife), Fing. R. 328 . gé ro sgoilt cuirr chroidhe, Dán Dé xx 29 . ar chuir mo ghlūin on my knee, KMMisc. 358.23 = chuirr, Gadelica 294.z . corra a n-uillend the points of their elbows, BB 393a12 . ō ch.¤ na huillen go barr an meo[ir] medhoin, O'Mulc. 112 note . cona bachaill . . . cacha bainde . . . noscēed tar a cuirr crook (?), MacCongl. 91.2 . corra in c[h]oicat bachall, Ériu v 28.14 . i corraib bachall `points of croziers', RC xxvi 40.216 (.i. i n-aes graid ┐ i clerchu archena, note). in ferand risin abair c.¤ bachalla (n. loc.?), LB 258 marg. inf. tri mer dua (leg. dia) churr. Mer dia frithchurr. . . lethordlach [leithit a cuil] ar medon trian oca chuirr (a billhook, fidba), O'Curry 883 ( H 3.18, 395a ). a ch.¤ liathroití lubain, IT iii 69 § 12 (2 c.?). c.¤ . . . lamchrann . . . breasdach . . . caomchom (parts of harp), Manners and Customs iii 258 note (refers to violin-type instr., c. the end held against the shoulder, Plummer MS. notes) ` cross tree, or harmonic curve ', Gloss. sccriobhus iad sin a ccuir chruiti, Ériu iv 60 § 49 . Cf. carr. a prora .i. . . . on chuirr thussig prow , Gild. Lor. 49 . in ch.¤ thuisech din churuch sin ┐ . . . in ch.¤ aile the prow, the stern, RC xiv 402 § 9 . leím duine a cuirr a choiti, IGT Decl. ex. 551 . ac cumtach cír im chorraib na luṅgi, LL 30952 (TTr.). ro suigh a cathair cumdachta for curr na halttora, Grail 3397 . ag cuirr dheis na haltóra . . .an churr dheas, Eochairsg. 36.38 (cf. cornu altaris, Du Cange s. cornu ). ar chorruibh bhur naltórach = horns , Jeremiah xvii 1 . c.¤ comdala for dechnaid cumaisc (a metre), IT iii 77 § 43 . ar chuirr sheaghla sheing Sh. hem (?), DDána 99.13 . ? c.¤ laegbili (.i. Oengus) cétáin, ZCP xii 237 § 60 . uaclerigh carbat crin cuirre, IT iii 101 § 181 . is daleic a chuirr fair inna carpat .i. eir for in aile, O'Mulc. 763 . ? i gcórr shliabh (printed as compd.) `mountain pease', Ó Bruad. iii 134.6 .

In phr. céd traiged i tigh C. / ón chuirr go roich a chéle from end to end, Acall. 804 . o chuirr go cuirr, Luc. Fid. 5230 . ón ccorr go chéile, Ezra ix 11 . ón gceann gcurradh go chéile, Trompa na bhF. 204 = de fonds en comble, Gloss.

Note also: c.¤ mór is deich míle much more than, ZCP iii 621 .

In n. loc. Ross dá C.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 306.34 . C.¤ Crúadglórach, 40 . co fán Chorra Eidnige, 128.20 (see Notes). hic corraib Edhnecha, BB 367b26 .

See 2 and 3 c.

Compds. With nouns pointed, peaked, sharp etc.: corr-chathbarr, CCath. 4694 . corr-crechda .i. ainm do cnoc bis a n-étan na n-amatán, O'Dav. 518 (a lump or brand (?) on the forehead of a drúth, identifying him as such, CMCS lxvii 55-71 . See crechda). do cheppaib ┐ do chorrḟótaib . . . talman `round sods', RC xiv 416 § 32 . a chliath chorrga, IT iii 88 § 105 ( Bruchst. 17 § 33 ). na corrgabla siúil ┐ na loṅga luchtfethna, LL 22799 (`bent spars of a sail', CRR 11 ). ? corrgubhul .i. craicann gabair, [ut est] broc choel do chorrgubul gabais etc., O'Dav. 366 . ina corrthair chlaidem ┐ chorr-shleag, MR 214. 23 . tre corrsmál teinedh, Ériu v 104.22 .

With corr- in secondary senses: ? in chorrabhall, Acall. 4530 = SG 186.30 dwarf or crab-apple tree = We. corrafallen, KZ xxxviii 462 , ZCP iv 104 . le hecla corrméinee (sic) na sgoile ` ill-will ', O'Gr. Cat. 131.38 . corr-ecor selba `hinausgehendes Einbringen', ZCP xv 246 § 5 , with corr- in sense of odd (of numbers), 248 (see De Bhaldraithe, Éigse viii 244 ). corr-fhocla ┐ coirrlitreacha Gaoidheilge occasional words, Donlevy v 17 . ? in chorrimirchi `the odd drove', Duan. F. iii 18.42 ( Acall. 4978 ). seasca corr-mholt `smooth . . . wethers', Leb. Cert. 62.x . an tIarla do dhol corrshluagh ceandais feadhna with a small army (?), AFM v 1592.3 . C. . . . Corrbacc, IT ii1 181.191 .

With noun forming adj.: nomen do lestur chor[r]thón gl. futilis, Sg. 56b7 (see GOI 220 , Hermathena xcix 52 ).

With adjj. (in some cases dvandva-compds., in others compds. of subst. corr?): for dá n-echaib . . . corrbeca small-muzzled (?), TBC-I¹ 1973 . do chrāib charrbuidi (: glanbuidi), Bruchst. 66 § 150 = carn-, IT iii 99 § 167 . Leaburcam . . . corrchael, BB 257b25 . claidem cruaidh corr-cotut sharp and hard (?), hard-tipped (?), CCath. 5241 . corrderga (horses), LU 6910 ( BDD 51 ). an cíogh coirrgheal, A. Ó Dálaigh xliv 5 . rosc corrglas, BB 427a36 . demun doescair corrlond, IT i 190.16 ( FA 30 LB).

With adjj. derived from nouns: le céibh dtruim gcorramlaigh ` beauteous ', Magauran 922 . a slebh . . . Corrbennach, BB 23b48 . munter Ch. chorr-beraig of the pointed spears, Metr. Dinds. iii 174.82 . a chailleach, a chuirrchennach ` round-headed (?)', BS 72.13 . is sí . . . chorr-chíchech, Metr. Dinds. iv 140.z . tarclaim C. corr-deibig (sic leg.), Metr. Dinds. iv 8.12 `prominent in fight', Notes (coirrdheabhaidh wrongly expld., O'Cl. ). an barr corrgablach (of hair), Ériu iv 218.8 . teóra hingina corrlámacha Cailitín, Comp. CC 88.8 . S. inghean Chorrluirgnigh, ML 32.10 . i ndúin Caisil choirrshleaghaigh of sharp spears, DDána 74.59 .

Other compds. given as separate entries.

cos

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cos or dil.ie/12566
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: cuis, cos, cas, coisi, cois, chaissi, chais, coss, chois, cosa, cossa, achossa, cossa, chos, chosaib

n ā, f. On d s. cuis, Thes. ii 245.36 (Cambr.) see GOI 48 . cos f., IGT Decl. § 39 (91.11) . cas f., § 40 . (g s. coisi, d s. cois; proscribed forms: don chaissi , Decl. ex. 1124 . red chais (: glais), 1125 ).

(a) foot, leg (of human beings and animals): coss a cospite .i. ō eirptiud (.i. ō erlonn). Coss latine cosus .i. cos bruinde, O'Mulc. 246 . n s. coss gl. pes, Wb. 12a20 . 21 . 23 . a s. chois, Ml. 56b1 . n p. cosa, Tur. 65 . cossa, Wb. 12b4 . Ml. 111b14 . 126c17 . v p. achossa, Wb. 12a33 . a p. cossa, Ml. 111b17 . 89d14 . g p. chos, 126c16 . 138a2 . d p. chosaib, 126c17 . bithi cloi tria cossa, Blathm. 51 . fuil chuise `a wound on a foot', BCrólige 63 . cinta coisi trespasses (?), Laws ii 46.8 Comm. secht meóir cechtar a dá choss, TBC-LL² 1199 . bulli da choiss kick, MU² 880 . cor coise trip, Magauran 1192 . rogab a choiss fón chlerech, RC xiii 106.w (`a mark of respect', n.). mairg cois isa bond fa ṁbris, ACL iii 237 § 21 . coss chraind `a wooden leg', RC xiii 80 § 84 . cossa cinn ind eich forelegs, Cóir Anm. 125 . itir a da cois tona hind legs, Laws ii 240.4 Comm. do cois mairt (as weapon), RC xvii 406.9 (Tig.). cosa dunta webbed feet, Rosa Angl. 324.16 . cos dubh (a bird), Eg. Gl. 124 . ? do cach fior díob ba cuit choissi / lán a bhoissi do ghrán glan, SG 20.8 .

(b) stem, support, handle, shaft of various objects: huanaib cosaib hilignidib gl. lectulos . . . illigneis pedibus, Sg. 33b8 . atchiat insi . . . for óenchois on a single column, LU 1936 . delg ara cuirit[h]er a ch.¤ , Corm. Y 301 . sreth . . . di bretnasaib . . . ┐ a cosa isind fraigid pins, LU 1709 . luibne na mér na lāime, ┐ c.¤ eissib sūas ind rig, Corm. Y 447 . ainm lestair . . . ┐ a choss triana mhedón, Corm. 18 . adbur coisi in rama, Laws v 488.24 Comm. im chois a altoire, ii 120.8 (text printed as Comm.). foirchrédh a ch.¤ (of an `escra)', Ériu xiii 41.13 . ailen . . . ┐ in muir . . . do cach aird uimmi acht oench.¤ eascra ind namma isthmus, CCath. 3412 v.l. See escra. amail didniu[s] side (i.e. an dos) in cois bis fai `stem', Laws v 28.2 Comm. fa chosuibh a caeimhleptha, Acall. 791 . c.¤ cech losa, Ériu ix 66.4 . fo cosoip fulaing na n-iudus `under the supports of the turrets', CCath. 3537 . feadh coisi casabhair, IGT Decl. ex. 949 . deargfa a chais nduinn (: bais) (of a spear), Magauran 3058 . buille dá chois (of a crozier), ZCP ii 556.19 .

(c) Metr. is cosin (c.¤ in?) ndīalt sōn, Corm. Y 447 (37.13) .

(d) infantry, foot-soldiers : sloig L. eter chois ┐ ech, ┐ choin, IT i 46.27 . eter cois ┐ cairptheach, Aen. 1179 .

(e) In phrases with prepp.: immáteged cách dia chuis (: nuis) on foot, LU 2994 . [a] chur dia chois `was . . . dismounted', AFM v 1780.12 . don choll gan chor dhá chosaibh without being felled, Duan. F. i 35.6 . da cois near him, TTebe 4206 . is mor maidm dober da chois `besides', Fen. 88.3 . bieit anamait foa chossaibsom gl. scabellum pedum tuorum, Wb. 32c13 . atabairt fuchossa gl. humiliatos . . . gentiles, Ml. 67c2 . fo chosaib aurdragh at the mercy of spectres, TBC-I¹ 453 . fa a chois, DDána 119.4 `níos lugha ná', Gloss. mucc ┐ ag fora coiss on the hoof, RC xiii 444 § 24 ( LL 37202 ). for a cois `standing' (of furze), Laws i 172.14 Comm. mo chíos bhróin rem chois dom chailg beside me, Rel. Celt. ii 236.11 . a gcinn le cois a gcána `as well as,' Content. xxvi . re cois aoise `except for his being old', xiv 24 . fiche bliadhain is bárr re chois `and more besides', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 342.21 . se fein dochuaid i cois in dilsidh `to watch the condemned prisoner', Laws v 486.7 Comm. muna frith slabrad eile do bertha fair, no nech eile do deachsa[d] ina cois is slan do sum . . . do dol ina cois to guard him(?), O'D. 443 ( H 3.17, 341 ). degla go rachadh cechtar aca a gcois a chonartha aran bfer eile `go back on the bargain', Ériu v 172.148 . do gheall . . . éiric . . . ┐ go rachdaois 'na chois evade it, Atlantis iv 186.36 . an geall[adh] thugamar . . . as nár linn dol na chois, RC x 345.17 . 'na chois `along with him', Auraic. 76 . da m-beinn-si do rer mo coisi . . . a muig `were I outside and at liberty', Celt. Rev. iii 302.6 . rotairisetar a n-inadaib a coss `they remained where they stood,' CCath. 5686 . ? bruth d'echaib . . . / do mnāi ra comlund a chuiss `racing . . . on foot', Fianaig. 48.20 .

Adv. cossaib tírmaib dryshod , SR 7679 . Ériu ii 198.10 . v 34.24 . cos i cois `a foot for a foot', Laws i 8.6 (Introd. to SM). cois (c.¤, v.l.) ar cois frisin marcsluagh foot to foot (i.e. in close combat), CCath. 5709 .

Prov.: cos fo coraith (of useless undertaking), Bürgschaft 30 § 81 . ni ar aonchois thainig Pattruic go hEirin i.e. I have another string to my bow, Luc. Fid. 4991 .

In n. loc. a n-dúthaigh Chois Daoile along the Deel, Hy Fiach. 334.2 ó Chois Machan, Keat. Poems 228 .

Compds. With nouns: d'eachaibh . . . ar n-a gcaischleas, Magauran 834 . im dibh coscolptaib dho `calves', CCath. 4663 . innacoschométide . . . costigthith (both gl. p[a]edago- gorum, with paed- taken as Lat. ped-), Wb. 9a11 . rogab a coiseitigh iar n-ichtar, Grail 1275 . cos galor, CS 256.3 . huachosglasaib gl. uinctos conpedibus, Ml. 83c10 . cual do coslámaib `a pile of arms and legs', Caithr. Thoirdh. 104.39 . Cf. fá cendchoslámaib na cath, 113.4 . cossogam .i. mera da laime ar son na feadh imon lurgain, Auraic. 5779 . colg dét iarna chossliasait chlí `thigh', TBC-LL² 4406 . cais-slighe chuige, Dán Dé vi 13 ` foot-road (?)', Gloss.

With adjj. a cná cosbuide, SG 347.23 . dam . . . coisfhiond (cossind, v.l.) white-legged, ZCP xiv 400.3 . ar dá n-echaib . . . cosscháela, TBC-LL² 2918 . go siobhlaidís . . . coslomnocht, RSClára 76a . C. coslūath, ZCP viii 118 § 18 . co herard . . . coslūthmar, MacCongl. 83.27 . ossé cossalach, LU 7767 `dirty-footed (?)', BDD2 Gloss. in t-ech aile . . . coseng, LU 6490 (TBC). With adj. derived from noun: baccaig ┐ coss-gallraig (as subst.), PH 4399 . i n-ecusc na Bhrathar Coslomh[nacht]a 'in the habit of the Discalced Friars', AI 392 (s.a. 1302.2).

druí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. druí or dil.ie/18853
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: druï, draí, dro, drúid, drái, druäd, druïd, dráid, drui, druïd, drui, druith, drúith, druïd, druid, draid, druíde, draíde, draigthe, drúide, druäd, druïdib, drudib, draídib, drúide, drúdi, draoi, draoithe, ndruadh, ndraoithe, druadha, draoithe, draí, drúad, druad, draoi, drúth, drúithib, Druith, druad, Druadh, Druaidh

n d, m. Orig. druï, and disyll. in early poetry, cf. SR 3849 , 3858 . See GOI 43 , ZCP xi 276 , O'Brien, Ériu xi 169 . Later draí. dro, Celt. Rev. iv 112.22 . drúid, IT i 129.31 (Eg.); Lat. Lives 9.1 ; PH 1728 , 1737 . v s. drái, PH 1811 . g s. druäd (druad). d s. druïd (druíd). don dráid , PH 2122 . dia drui , IT i 129.27 . a s. druïd (druíd). drui, IT i 129.17 . n du. da druith , Wb. 30c17 . in da drúith , Ériu iii 140.185 . n p. druïd (druíd). in druid , SR 8339 . draid, PH 7059 . Later druíde ( drúidi, TBC-LL¹ 4545 ), draíde. draigthe, Ériu iii 160 § 13 (B. of Fermoy). v p. drúide, TBC-LL¹ 596 . g p. druäd (druad). d p. druïdib (druídib). drudib, LU 3452 ( SCC § 23 ). draídib. a p. drúide; drúdi, LU 4026 ( SCC § 48 ). In later lang. draoi, pl. draoithe; the older forms, esp. gs. and gp., persist in poetry and are oft. used in juxtaposition with the later, apparently without difference of meaning: na ndruadh . . . na ndraoithe , Keat. Poems 798 , 800 ; druadha ┐ draoithe , O'Rah. xx 5 (1911) . draí m., IGT Decl. § 85 .

(a) In older lit. usually in techn. sense druid: Cathbad d.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 1070 . Cathbadh caomhdhraoi, 5489 (St.). co ndigsed d'acallaim a druad d'iarfaigid fessa ┐ fástini de, 191 . drúidi ┐ fádi ┐ fissidi fer nErend, 4545 . geis don ríg labrad rena druidib, 4725 (cf. TBC-I¹ 2989 , MU² 235 ). Mainchenn druid do Brettnuib, IT iii 240.156 . breitemain ┐ druid (classed as `daernemed' persons), Laws v 90.20 , with gloss .i. doniat in feth fia no in [ḟ]aisdinecht, 27 . a druid fri Lóegaire tichtu Phatraic ní ceiltis, Hy. ii 21 . amail rusgellsad draide ┐ degfāidi, RC xiii 222.10 . rotecht druidhe ┐ tinchitlidi doairchaintis trena ndruidecht, Lat. Lives 2.4 . fri brichtu ban ┐ gobann ┐ druad, Hy. vii 54 ( Thes. ii 357 ). tri druid Dagda, Ériu vii 221.5 . draoi ré hiodhbarta do dhéanamh ┐ ré tuar maitheasa nó uilc don chrích, Keat. ii 5332 (in Christian times replaced by an `anmchara', 5345 ). Distinguished from `corrguinigh', RC xii 90 (the latter bewitched the bodily functions of the hostile warriors, the `druíd' induced natural phenomena). They appear among the damned on Doomsday, SR 8339 . Attrib. g s. and g p.: do thonach drúad-su thy druid's tunic, Trip.² 586 . gaeth druad , Lec. 28b6 ; Leb. Gab.(i) 256.4 . erbe druad, AU 560 (see 1 airbe). bandrúi druidess: Bais bandruadh (one of the `aés síde'), ZCP viii 104.23 . tri ferdruid ┐ tri bandrúid, TBC-LL¹ 2402 = di (leg. tri) drúid ┐ a teóra mná, TBC-I¹ 1767 (LU). bandrai ┐ bancumachtach mē, ZCP xii 252.14 .

(b) magician, wizard or diviner in general, oft. used of equivalent of the druid in non-Celtic peoples. In religious lit. d.¤ corresponds to Lat. magus: dogéna sáibfirtu . . . amal dondrigensat druid triitsom (of Antichrist), Wb. 26a20 . ticdis a ndrúide ┐ a n-óga coisecartha (of heathens), PH 335 . soebforcetul Simóin in druad, 1736 . drai Cruithnech, Lec. 31a7 . seisear demnach druadh (of Picts), Todd Nenn. 144 . da druith aegeptacdi, Wb. 30c17 , cf. SR 3849 . na druidhe egeptaca, Laws i 20.21 Comm. na dráide Indecdai (of the Magi), PH 2838 , cf. 6931 , 7050 . in rétla resna drūithibh | o hiart[h]ur domain, ZCP v 25 § 13 ; Ériu ii 198.20 ; TSh. 7683 . draide farsaide ` magicians of the Pharisees' (rather doctors, wise men ), PH 2256 . faidhis Cublay a draidhe uadha dia fhis in soinmigi no doinmhigi nobhiath dó, Marco P. 58 . Applied by heathens to Christian thaumaturgists: no démnigitís co mba drái Petar, PH 1738 . rocreit don dráid robris ar n-ídlu (of Bartholomew), 2122 . ? In cheville: derb druad, SR 6777 . In good sense: is e mo drai Crist mac De, Misc. Arch. Soc. i 6.2 . is é mo drái ní méra | mac Dé, SG 79.24 . draoi a charmer , Eg. Gl. 369 . guth na ndruagh the voice of the charmers, Psalms lviii 5 . Transf. of a wren (?): drúi donn, K. and H. 26 (for the wren's association with divination see dreän).

Somet. confused with drúth jester: tánic in drúth . . . i n-uch[t] in druad, ZCP iii 218 § 37 . Cf. Metr. Dinds. i 26.178 , where drúithib is coupled with furseoirib in some MSS.; ZCP iii 262.30 : a tri druid (drude, LU 10547 ) dēnmo glām ngēr (leg. druith ?); xiii 350 where gen. Druith Cosalaig, l 3 = in druad , 1.5 .

(c) In mod. lit. esp. poetry usually poet, learned man: primh-drūith ┐ primh-ollamh Connacht, AFM 1067 . Néidhe draoi, Keat. Poems 116 . grianán dáimhe is draoithe, 1483 ; cf. 757 . Ériu iv 56.62 , Content. xxv 6 , O'Rah. xx 5 , Hackett xix 26 .

As n.pr. m. g s. mic Druadh , ITS xv 45.18 = m. Druaidh [Druagh, v.l.], 22.30 . In n.loc.: bellum Ratho in druadh, AU 595 . ? tri Duib Druad, TBC-I¹ 3512 .

Compd. druaghfhile, 3 C 13, 597.14 . fo-ceird in druígoba[e] hUilc hAiche cóic cresa imdegla[e] fair 'the druid-smith' The Heroic Biography of Cormac mac Airt 121.56 .

fáes(s)am

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fáes(s)am or dil.ie/21032
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: faesaim, fóesama, foesma, faesma, faíseamh, foesmaib, f., fáesam, f., fáesam, f., faesam, faesam, f., saíre, fáesam

u, o, m. (vn. of fo-sisedar. Cf. Mid. W. gwaessaf, gwayssav, Loth, RC xxxviii 300 ): g s. faesaim, BDD 162 (foesma Y). fóesama (for this form see Hessen, ZCP x 321 ) LU 4871 = foesma, TBC-I¹ 383 . pl. faesma, Laws v 48.20 Comm. n s. faíseamh (o, m.) IGT, Decl. § 28 (fáeisimh proscribed as incorrect).

I

(a) in lit. sense `standing under,' hence bearing up under, supporting (?): úair nach fóisam in lind, berim-se maccáem ... tarsi, TBC-LL¹ 1305 (`Fuss-Feste' Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 629 ; anuair nach roichther in linn la cách St); cf. bói C. forsin lind ... ┐ ni ba faesam cid si, TBC-LL¹ 1945 . Possibly an extended use: trustworthy, safe . In follg. ex. Dr. Binchy would see a metaph. use of the meaning adopting, taking into protection (see below): issi innfine i fintedaib griain a tir i fuissither; ar i[s] sruithiu la Feine in foesam andsen oldás a tir as a tairidnither, Laws iv 206.9 (glossed: f. .i. in línd, 208.17 ), i.e. the land in which water is collected in a standing pool or reservoir ranks higher than that in which it has its source. Here the four adjacent holdings are in the matter of water-rights likened to the four categories of affinity, viz. gelfine, deirbfine, iarfine and innfine. See ib. p. 166 .

(b) in the literature usually protection, safeguard: co nach fagbad foisam lat | cid do mac nothaesad fritt, Ériu ix 45 § 5 . is ... essamna mór do T. toidecht cen ḟaosam cen chomairche ina tíre, TTr.² 246 . faosamh .i. comairce, O'Cl. `faosamh' is cuime [ = coimge?] ... dhá ainm cumairce, Metr. Gl., Ff. 31 . luid epscop Erc do thig Ḟ. ... ┐ coṅgab in mac ina ucht, ┐ focheird a ḟoesam ┐ a oentaid fris (i.e. bp. E. placed himself under his protection. Cf. the parallel passage: gabh misi cucat amail mhanach ndilius, Lism. L. 3359 = suscipe me monachum tibi obedientem Lat. Lives 102 ), Fél. 132.25 . With prep. DE, FO and esp. FOR (AR), folld. by subj. gen. under the protection (of): for foísam ríg na ndule comairche nachanbēra [ = -mēra ?], Thes. ii 306 ( Hy i 53 ). cor marbad a ri do fáesam Bachla Issa while [i.e. in spite of being] under the safeguard of RC xviii 28.21 (Tig.) = dar comhairge na bachla, AFM 1109 . A. do marbad la T. ... do ḟaesamh na bachla Isu, AU 1015 . pl. in concrete sense: Cinaedh ... demersus est. ... di foesmaib degdoine nErenn ┐ comarbhai Patraic in spite of the guarantees of AU 850 . in cath bar th'oesam ┐ bar do chommairge, LL 176a43 ( CRR 38 ). iar marbad mac nUsnig for a ḟaisam ┐ for a chommairgi, TBC-LL¹ 464 . ba for a foesam boi Fergus F. was under their protection LU 1619 . is ed doroachtmar fort foesam sunn `'Tis for that we have come hither under thy safeguard' BDD 3 . co ndigset som uili ar m'o(e)sam-sa ┐ ar m'imdegail feib dochuadusa ar a faesam sun ..., TBC-LL¹ 941 . rogab indala n-ae for foesam mBuidb ... gabais araile [for] faessam Ochaille placed himself under the protection of Dinds. 57 . Cf. dia ngaba for faosum `wenn er unter den Schutz gekommen ist' Ir. Recht p. 51 . gur bhó heiccen dona bárdaibh tocht diairm for faesamh an Iustís, AFM vi 2272.1 . ar fhaosam nó ar ionchaibh Íosa, TSh. 2716 . do muirbfedh ... fer ar faosaomh bfer talman would slay a man (even though he were) under the safeguard of everyone ZCP xiii 12.19 . Freq. in ellipt. optative sentence: for a [ḟ]óessam dún innocht may we be under His safeguard Hy i 2 . ar th'faosamh dhamh, a Dhé..., Aithd. D. 73.1 . for a foísam dún ar talmain, LL 364 marg. ( Mart. Tall. 122 ). for foessam duit na saille !, MacCongl. 83 . Less freq. with obj. gen.: ced ná ro nass do foessam-su forsna maccu? why were not the boys pledged to protect you? LU 4894 . téit cosna maccu cen naidm a fóesama [foesma Y] forru, LU 4871 . do chor th' aesma ┐ t'imdegla for in maccraid, TBC-LL¹ 881 = do comairci St. can chur a fáisma foraib, 911 . geib-siu fort faesam na macraide, 944 . O. rogab fóesam ḟír-Ḟoebair | oc Síd B. ... fo frith fóesam do R. O. undertook protection of R. Metr. Dinds. iii 272.38 (cf. Dinds. 57 , above). cuirim m'ḟaosamh ar a ḟuil I entrust myself to His blood Ir. Monthly 1928, 439 .

(c) legal uses. In Law texts f.¤ is common in the meaning protection: ni techta nach foessam ar na tegat ratha fine no `f.¤' is lawful which the sureties of the family do not warrant Laws iv 206.17 . ni bi acraidi faesam (nocha bi acra ... don ti bis ar foesam neich) `no person who is under protection is qualified to sue' [can be sued ?] i 102x (104.24) .

The maxim: cach faesam co fognam, Aib. Cuigni 54 ( ACL iii 227 ; ZCP xvii 56 ) is obscure, and has not been found elsewhere. cisa Mumhan ... do Chaisil ... cach bliadhna dobearar .i. smacht ┐ biathad ┐ turgnumh [turtugud v.l.] ┐ faesamh, Leb. Cert. 60 . nocha nuil eneclann na faosam do he has no honor-price or power of protection (Binchy) Laws ii 24.4 .

Sometimes a different meaning is implied: in the following legal expressions the original meaning seems to be acknowledgment (cf. coibsena .i. confessiones .i. comfaesaime, Thr. Ir. Gl. 11 = chomfaoisitin, Corm. Y 292 , and see fo-sisedar): aicc macu hi foisam do raithe frisin fiach so find sureties for assuming thy guarantee of this debt Bürgschaft 28 § 76 . cf. luid iarum i mMumain co ndeirgene foesam a ingine fri (nō for) Oengus. dobert iarum Oengus ferann do mac a ingine, Rawl. 119a26 = co M. do cuinnighid faesam [sic] a ingini for Aengus, BB 121a37 . ro chuindigh ... faosam a ingine for Aonghus, LL 381a24 (Oengus was the father of the girl).

In the sense protection, privilege , `f.¤ ' is found in connexion with entertainment of the lord and (or) his followers, and in connexion with distraint, seizure of cattle for unpaid dues, etc. "`fáesam' often denotes the immunity from legal process which a person of high rank confers on an inferior, usually a client (céle), who has entertained him and his retinue in accordance with the obligations of clientship. This immunity lasts for a certain period after the departure of the protecting person, whose status determines the duration of the `f.¤ ' During this period the `protected' person has `saíre' (= `f.¤ ' from his point of view) i.e., no legal claims which others have against him may be enforced by the process of distraint." (Dr. Binchy). In these passages the phr. `facaib f.¤ fair,' etc., is common. The meaning is evidently `leaves' (i.e. `confers, bestows on') though the translation `relinquish' often appears in the published Laws. The use in connexion with stay of seizure may be the origin of the later sense relief in illness, passing of the crisis, see II below. A satisfactory definition of this legal `fáesam' would involve a concurrent discussion of the terms `comairce, snádud, turtugud, turbaid' and `saíre,' some of which are often equated with `f.¤ ' by the commentators. All that can be done here is to quote a few passages illustrating the usage. See Ir. Recht 73.1 ff . turtugadh ... ré fedh urgnamha in bidh ┐ comairche in aired bes a caithemh a mbaile ┐ faesam ... iar fagbail in baile, uair is a n-ecmais nech bís a faesam ┐ ina coimitecht bis a comairce . amail atbeir a n-edgidh: .c.c. a caemachta .c. faesma a n-ecnairc, O'Curry 1386 (< H 3.18, 630 ). Here, as Dr. Binchy points out, the reference is to the `faesam' bestowed by the lord on his host while he is entertained, and for a period (see below) after his departure. But the note seems somewhat confused, as `comairce' regularly refers to an escorting safeguard. In the following version `comairce' is replaced by `turbaid': dethbir itir turrtugh ┐ torbaidh ┐ faosamh: in turrtugh .i. re ollmuithe an bidh . in turbaid .i. re a caithme . in faosam .i. iarna cathamh, O'Curry 2651 (< Eg. 88, 55b ). Cf. foesam .i. fo-sisithar tar crich, Ir. Recht p. 6 (no context). The lord, when he takes refection from the `céle,' thereby postpones any such impending seizure. While the meal is being prepared `turtugud' comes into force; while it is being consumed `comairce' (or `turbaid'); for a period after consumption and departure of the guest `faesam.' intí aca mbí tech, is fair facabar faosam, O'Dav. 999 . In some passages in Commentary `f.¤ ' is loosely equated with `turtugud,' e.g. throughout the Uraicecht Becc, Comm.: turtugud mīs dō (.i. mī a lānḟaesam bid ┐ fonadma), Laws v 46.25 ( 48.8 ; 50.7 ; 56.17 ). aenlā a t. (.i. aen-lā a lānḟ.¤ bīdh), etc. 58.16 (19) . athgabail tar turtugad cach duini bes tualuing a turtugad (.i. dar f.¤ cach duine is cuimgech f.¤ do gabail uirre), 256.31 (258.19) .

The time for which `f.¤ ' was valid varied with status (see last quot.): cred do beir cona commór faesamh ┐ turtugud ┐ dama fechta feile ┐ foluch n-othrusa do ri tuaithe ┐ mortuaithi ┐ nach commor enech what is the reason that the king of a territory and the king of a great territory are equal as regards `f.¤' and `t.' and followers on a free visit, and sick-maintenance, while their honour-price is not the same? O'Curry 1383 (< H 3.18, 629a ). faosamh na righ so .i. mi do righ tuaithe ┐ morthuaithe. tri caoicthis do ri tuath . raithe do rí cuicidh . bliadhain do ri Erenn, O'Curry 1260 (< H 3.18, 509 ). faosum na tri n-airech forgill .xx. laithe cechtar de na deisi si is taire . mi don fir is ferr, O'Curry 1261 (ib.). See also discussion on periods of `f.¤ ' in connexion with distraint, Laws i 100 .

Fractions of `f.¤ ' are referred to: masa lainbiathad cu fodnaidm, is lanfoesum fagabhar ara sgath . masa lain-biathadh cin fosnaidm ... is lethfoesum fagabhur ar a sgath, Laws ii 28.22 Comm. in t-ainmrainne don biudh ro caith curub é in t-ainmruinne sin don lanfoesumh fagbus ara sgath ib. 31 . miter foltaib .i. dus cia foessamh, in ōgh, in leth ... nō mitear ┐ rl. .i. in ndlighe foessamh etir ... nō ... in ndlighe fosister itir, O'Curry 510 (a fragment in H 3.18, 258 ; unfortunately the context has not been found).

If the guests fail to arrive, a fraction of `f.¤ ' is still valid: ca hait a faghbas [leg. fāgbhas ?] duine faosam fair budein ┐ a biadh do caithem dō ? ... an inbaid ro dáilestar dámh na tainic fechtus aile dia saigid, madh ro faillidhedar in dámh bodeisin, no mad docuadar re tosca deithbire ┐ ro chaithestar biadh, is a lethfaosam fagbus air, ┐ ise sin aon ina[d] isin mberla Feine ana fagbann nech faosam air ┐ a biadh budein do caithem dó, O'Curry 2448 (< Eg. 88, 36b ) = Laws ii 30x Comm.

The following refer specifically to prevention of distraint , i.e., seizure of cattle: a tabairt do snadud as tualaing a turtaigthi (.i. faesam d'facbail uirri, .i. crui) mad cen airis snaite, mad don snadud rongabthar asrenar log n-enech in snaite (.i. is uais ernither log enech fir in faesma don athgabail do lecon fon caill), Laws i 92.1 (98.13) . f.¤ sin tainic re re n-apaidh ┐ troiscthi, 100.1 . man ro airbertnaig a faesam cur gabadh athgabail de is anadh dechmaide ar in athgabail, 100.5 Comm. mas a n-aimsir lobtha [tainic in f.¤] nocha saorund ar fogelt na ar bleith na ar lobad hí, uair ni téit an faosam amach 'na deagaidh, ┐ téit in turbhadh, 102.4 Comm. cach baile atáit dá foesum no a tri ann, deghuidh i ndeghuidh tangatur na foesmhu ann, ┐ damadh i n-aínḟecht, nocha bia acht in foesumh bu sia . ┐ i bforbad ré anta táinic in foesam ann, ┐ dama[dh] re ré n-anta, isedh budh anudh di re ré in foesma uili, ii 102.15 Comm . mad ro urfaem in bidbaidh apadh, ┐ troscadh i faesam, cia no airberedh a faesam ria ngabail athgabala de, teit turrtughadh la fogail ann; is slan athgabail do gabail de, Laws i 98x . cf. téd turrtugh la fogail .i. téd an comairce deisim la fogail do denamh do mhuin na comairce ... no dno, téd de an turrtugh ┐ bí fair in faosamh, O'Curry 2441 (< Eg. 88, 36a ).

Cf. ní féith [ = féich ?] faosam fo chaoill .i. an faosam ar dibail ma ro thairmisc apa ┐ trosca, O'Curry 2650 (< Eg. 88, 55b ).

In some passages `saíre' and `fáesam' seem to stand for different aspects of the same process, e.g.:

Leath saire mad fuit notfuide neach fri fothugh[adh] tēchta (.i. leth foesum fagbus masa neach eile fuidhius uadh i[n]neach sin do caithiumh bid céilsine flatha) `Half free-quarters if another person sends [some] one upon lawful entertainment (that is, he loses one-half of protection if it be another person that sends him to consume the food which is due to the chief from his tenant)' Laws ii 26.16 . In H 3.18, 332 (reading: no da fuidhe) this is expld.: .i. leath faesam facbaith mad fuidet fuides neach iad do chaithem ineich na fothaigend co dligech biad celsine na flatha, ┐ leathfaesam no fuicfed fein for a ceile, ┐ isseadh facbaidh in coindem cuirter dia cathem fo aicned na flatha, fáesam imorro fon aicned [féin ?] facbaid in coindem for in flaith, O'Curry 682 . In Eg. 88, 36 , which gives of the text only the last four words, the commentary reads: .i. biadh ceilsine na flatha sin, ┐ in flaith do chuir a dam [feachta] fele da caithem, ┐ faosamh na flatha do facbail doibh ar in ceile, ┐ a lanfaosamh do facbail dona damhaibh ar in flath fo aicne [fon aicniudh budein ..., Laws ii 28 ] ar ise tuc biadh doibh . Ocus is ann sin ataitt da faosam a dualgus aonbidh, O'Curry 2446 (also Laws ii 28.1 ff . with slight verbal variants). `saíre' in this passage surely = exemption ? On the same page it is 6 times rendered "`saire'—exemption." See also footnote on p. 18 .

In these passages `saíre" apparently = the exemption due to the presence of `fáesam.' Cf. also fír faosma fosearnathar saire, saoire biata, saoire foghnuma, saoire faosma do cach fo miadh miter cach coir cirt, O'Curry 2443 (< Eg. 88, 36 ) = Laws ii 20.15 , where the rendering of the text, fir foesuma `true protection' cannot be right. Leg. fri faosma (or -am) fo-sernatar, etc., exemptions are arranged according to protection ? ni tuaslaige nach saire no nach faosam bes isle agra bes uaisle enech .i. ... ní is mo na logh enech fir in faosaim don athgabail do legan as re ré in faosaim in inbaid is dar an fis faosma i n-ecmais ro gabadh an athgabail .i. lubra ┐ bidh, ┐ fonadma, O'Curry 2657 ff . (< Eg. 88, 56 ). ni fil saire fri dithim iar n-eagar. ata imorro turbuidhe ┐ faor ┐ faosam, O'Curry 2728 (< Eg. 88, 61 ).

(d) Attrib. gen. :

cēle faesma (foissmad LB) a tenant under the protection of his lord Corm. Y 532 (see ZCP xv 247 and cf. faísitiu). cele faesma .i. in cele faoismither [sic leg.] ac neach, O'Dav. 1327 . Of taking into protection, adopting: seoit foesma the `seds' paid for the admission of children of doubtful origin into the `fine,' apparently to the more legitimate children whose shares in the family property might be diminished thereby: conic in t-athair mac na mban aititin do gabail re re budein cen fír ┐ cen ṡeotu foesma ┐ nocho roindind se dibaid in athar iar n-ēc an athar ris na macaib aile co tuca seotu faesma dona macaib aile, ┐ fír da mberait amarfis fair. Na huile meic taide uile conic in t-athair a ngabail re re no iar re cin fír, ┐ nocho coinig cen seotu faesma, ┐ inti no berad dibaid an athar otha na mic taide amach curab e beris na seotu faesma rl., O'Curry 702 ( H 3.18, 338 ). mic na mban taighe, ce nogabhta a oen no dedhe dibh docum na fine co fīr no co setuibh faoesmha, ma ro forbridar co bfuilet coimlín fine is ecin fīr Dē anosa dia fastadh, Laws iv 294.5 Comm. (of certain classes of women :) Ni berat comperta for fine .i. nocha berait ini comairbertnaigter uathuib for in fine can fīr ┐ seotu faosma leo don fine amach, v 276.25 Comm . cain-berad meirdrecha ... .i. is taitnemach berait na mna is merdrech in ní donither riu i lanamnus ... acht co tucait fīr ┐ seoit faesma leis .i. a altram do denam di, 452.24 Comm .

cin log faesma (.i. cen log ar a faisitnighudh .i. secht cumala), 456.23 (of admission of illegitimate sons to tribe). i taidhe dorinnedh na mic so ... ┐ fior ┐ seotu faosma doberaid lais dia fastadh for in athair amach, O'Curry 2236 (cf. 2235 ). cor faesma `a contract of adoption ' Laws iv 60.13 (.i. in cor curtar risin mac faesma an fine `a covenant which is made with the adopted son of the tribe' 62.3 ). mac fáesma adopted son : in cutruma bias o duine do mac faesma du geilḟine no do deirbḟine ar dénum a gaire ... uair nugu roich in trian no in leath cu cóir acht re macc faesma d'anḟine, O'D. 2255 (< Rawl. B 506, 20a ). fine taccuir .i. na meic foesma `adopted sons' Laws iv 288.14 . fine taccuir issede domberat cuir bel a foessam `who give verbal contracts in adoption' Laws iv 284.16 . `mac fáesma' is distinguished from `dalta': dighail daltadh na fine .i. dalta coitcenn na fine, ┐ dighail fir foseisiter fine .i. dighail in ḟir ḟaoismighes in ḟine don ghaire in tseanorach .i. in mac faosmadh, O'Curry 391 (< H 3.18, 219a ). in dalta ┐ in gormac ┐ in mac faosam [leg. —ma or —aim] eneclann dleghaid in fine ina marbad sen ib. See Thurn. ZCP xiv 371.27 . aitire fáesma a supporting guarantor (?): the guarantor of acceptance (?) (dist. from a. luigi and a. nadma), Bürgschaft 22 § 64 . caide aitire foisma ? fo-sisithar side smachta dam in fasach sin, 25 § 68 (passage corrupt, in Thurneysen's opinion). fath faoisimh (ni fáth fáoisidh v.l.) `cause of protection' BNnÉ 249.15 . Cf. co bér breth for ḟáth faosmha, fer fotha ... fer faosmha, fer foghnamha, Ériu xiii 16.12 (expl. : faesamh .i. foghlaim ut est co ber breith for fátha faesam [fath faesma v.l.], O'Dav. 859 ) = cotober breth fo[r] fath faesma ib. Ériu xiii 59w (< H 3.18, 207a ). cis lir ó ndleghaid filidh faosmha raith ? easpuicc righ saoi, file fireon ..., Ériu xiii 34.9 .

II In Early Mod. Ir. relief, assuagement (cf. the use in c above which sometimes approaches the meaning relief), esp. recovery (from illness): fiabhras ar nach foil faoiseamh 'a fever for which there is no relief', Celtica xxvi 98 § 13 . an tan gheibhid na heasláin faoisiomh, 23 K 42, 19.1 . a ttosach an ḟaoisiomha, 20.15 . an uáir fúair sé fáoiseamh = when he began to amend John iv 52 . gan fortacht gan faoiseamh, Keat. Poems 1585 .

fáiscid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fáiscid or dil.ie/21178

Forms: fasced

v (a) presses, squeezes: faiscis drecht dib il-lestar squeezed some (of the berries) into a vessel RC x 70.10 . no ḟaisced (ro faiscsiot v.l.) ib. z 0 . scotha fína inna ḟlaith co fásctis i llestraib glaine, LL 18b23 (= go bhfáiscthí i gcornaibh iad, Keat. ii 2039 , see Cóir Anm. 246 ). go ngairbhfaiscend iad feibh nó faisccfed neach caera fíni etir a glacoibh, Aisl. Tond. 109.10 . dorat a méra imon crecht co roḟaisc, Lat. Lives 98 . rogab cendmullach in gaill ┐ ro huisc a lurich dar a cend sair `pulled his coat of mail over his head' Cog. 196.6 = ro ḟaiscc, 259z . Pass. co robligtís [na baí] ... ┐ ro fasced uadib a mboí ocaib di blegon was pressed, wrung from them (of cows) LL 169a30 ( Dinds. 46 ). beiridh ... air, ┐ faisgthear leis barróg ... ar a mheanmain, TSh. 2328 . an tan fháisgthear linn barróg ar mhianbhruth na colna (= cum ... coarctamus) 10413 . ro faiscit tre bruth na gréine cor ṡilset 'na cethaibh (the clouds) were condensed CCath. 2336 . ar teacht a tháisg gu teagh dTáil | do ḟáisg fear láimh um fhear n-óir tightened his grip on a golden (chess-)man (i.e. in emotion), IGT, Decl. ex. 1741 (cf. Cath. M. Mucrime § 21 ). nā taghaill ben ... ┐ nā fāisc a lamh, Instructio 138.3 (non manum stringendo 24.17 ).

(b) Fig. ni faisce do not extort LU 3497 ( SCC 25 ). Cf. Clann Conuill Gulban do ghabh | seal beag ar n-éag a n-athar | ar tteacht a tháisg fa thráth chóir | do ḟáisg ar chách a ccéadóir controlled everyone (?) = everyone was gripped (with emotion) (?) 3 C 12. 98 = Irish Texts ii 8 .

Vn. fáscud, q.v.

fíar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fíar or dil.ie/21958

Forms: fíar, fíargha, fiarlann, [ḟ]iairthesgaid

adj o-ā crooked, bent, curving: luirgni fiara fochama, BB 265a63 ( SG 328 ). do thulaib a lurgan bfiar foc[h]amm, FB 37 Eg. fannchosa fiara, TSh. 2559 . treabh ... na ccorn ffiar of curved drinking-horns ACL iii 305 § 2 . a Phádruig na mbachal fiar, Oss. vi 130.21 . sreabh f.¤ winding TD 10.33 . na bfedh bfiar `the bending (i.e. produce-laden) woods' O'Gr. Cat. 408.15 ( TD 9.42 ). cf. mas f.¤ as ḟerr an ḟidhbadh, IGT, Decl. ex. 546 . Toirdhealbhach dá bhf.¤ fiodh (vb. ?) TD 7.46 . clár f.¤ `winding' (of a plain ; undulating ?) ITS v 40.14 . Of hair, curling, wavy: folt ... fáinneach f.¤ , Ériu v 64.3 . ar bharr na bhfáinneadh bhfíar, IGT, Decl. ex. 126 . dod' bharr chruinnfhiar, Studies 1924, 243 . Compar. an ór-fhuilt is féire fíghe of most curly web Keat. Poems 96 . As subst. : dírghe i ndiaidh, fíar [sic leg.] i bhfedhuibh, L. Cl. A. B. 89.71 . i n-agid a f.¤ ┐ a fadb their bends and knots (of branches) TBC-LL¹ 1409 . Adv. f.¤ is tarnsna (= tarsna) théid ma long from side to side O'Gr. Cat. 336.8 . mera na lam imon sroin. co f.¤ athwart Auraic. 5788 . Fig. fír in foras is ni f.¤ false Ériu x 79 § 34 . : Of a treacherous steed (metaph. of the body): each as ḟainne is as ḟéire, Aithd. D. 91.3 . ? iarna guin co f.¤ i fat `after he was foully slain' Metr. Dinds. iii 228.47 . gan f.¤ gan fuasnadh, Keat. Poems 1409 . Compds. With subst. : ¤ga a curved spear: fíargha, IGT, Introd. § 83 . ¤lann a curved blade: rofoibred na fiarlanna, Ériu viii 44.17 . g p. fiarlann, 48.10 . Fianaig. 90.15 . ¤lúbgail, na bratacha for f. flags undulating (in the breeze) CCath. 5435 . ¤slat : drem nachat fiarshlata `crooked saplings' i.e. degenerate scions SG 353.14 . ¤slicht cross-track: d'fíairshliocht gacha hiomuire, RC xi 25.35 . ¤tharraing : féithsined a bhḟéith aga bhfiartharraig contorting MR 256.20 . ¤tharsna thwartwise, diagonal: treated as subst. in phr. dar f. (with gen.) athwart, across: dar fíartharsna in dúnaid TBC-I¹ 1788 . TBC-LL¹ 2449 . 1927 . RC xiv 424.12 . As advb. : telgis uada é ... fiartarsna in longphuirt, TBC-LL¹ 2251 . tig assaidhe f. na ccríoch, AFM v 1734.17 . gabhais seacha f. Maighe hA., Hugh Roe 84.21 (f. 22b) . Absol. ro impo f. ` obliquely ' Cog. 194.25 . co ngabtais co forscailti fiartarstna ... for cach leth (of bars on the outside of a shield), CCath. 5322 . As attrib. : fá fíartharrsna na ferchrēchta tucatar ar corpaib a chéle ` intersecting ' Fianaig. 94.5 . crechta ... fiartarsna mora tairis ` transverse ' CCath. 4191 . ¤tharstnan cross-piece, thwart (?) : fiartarstnana ōrda ┐ airg[d]idhe (of bars fixed vertically along a belt), CCath. 5232 . With adj. : ¤chamm bent and crooked: dā coiss ... fiarcamma, CCath. 4033 . ¤chas bent and twisted: (of a person) atāim ... feosach fíarchas bent, contorted Keat. Poems 514 . ¤chlannach curling and abundant (?) : folt f., ZCP i 127.24 . With vb. : ¤thescaid cuts across, transversely: pret. pass. pl. ro [ḟ]iairthesgaid na fulta, Ériu viii 48.9 . With part. : ¤gerrtha : foirbhfir fiairghearrtha mangled TSh. 6612 . ¤letarthe mangled: na firu ... fiarletarthi, TTebe 1907 . Cf. fíarletartadh na fíarlann ar formnaib na feróglach ` transverse smiting ' Fianaig. 90.15 .

imm-imgaib, im-gaib

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imm-imgaib, im-gaib or dil.ie/27871

Forms: immimgabaim, imgabaim, n-imgaibe, imimgaib, nínimgaibni, immeimgaib, imgaibtir, imcaib, immanimcab, immoimgaibsea, imgaibed, imgabaid, immenimgaib, i[n] rimgaib, ro-imgaiber, n-imgaba, imnimgaba, immenimgabam, imgabat, immimgabat, imgabaind, immenimgabad, ninimgēb, imgeba, imrimgaibh, imrimgabsat, imcabthi, imgabthi, imgaibid, imgabáil

v (preverb doubled in O.Ir. in deuterotonic forms) indic. pres. s 1 immimgabaim gl. uito, Sg. 50b8 . ní imgabaim , Ériu i 116.5 . s. 2 cid fora n-imgaibe , Lat. Lives 75.5 . s. 3 imimgaib gl. declinat, Ml. 22c11 . nínimgaibni gl. non nós fugit, Thes. ii 7.27 . intí immeimgaib , Ml. 35d29 . pass. pl. imgaibtir, LU 10275. ipv. s. 2 imcaib gl. deuita, Wb. 28c24 . immanimcab, 30d20 . immoimgaibsea, TBC-I¹ 3630. s. 3 imgaibed, Metr. Dinds. iii 312.18 . pl. 2 imgabaid, Wb. 9d6 . Ml. 116b6 . subj. pres. s 1 immenimgaib, Ml. 29d2 . With ro : dús i[n] rimgaib , LU 4726. depon. co ro-imgaiber , PH 6558. s. 2 ní n-imgaba , LU 5762. s. 3 imnimgaba, Ml. 15b12 . pl. 1 immenimgabam, Ml. 35d1 . pl. 3 coní imgabat , 54b24 . co immimgabat , 114b8 . subj. past s. 1 dus in imgabaind , TBC-LL¹ 488. s. 3 immenimgabad, Ml. 41a6 . fut. s. 1 ninimgēb, TBC-I¹ 1291. s. 3 coní imgeba , Ml. 53a13 . pret. s. 3 imrimgaibh, O'Curry 2529 (< Eg. 88, fo. 44 ). pl. 3 imrimgabsat gl. declinaverint, Thes. ii 27.35 (Bcr.). Verbal of necess. imcabthi, Wb. 30b25 . imgabthi, Ml. 51b8 . Later imgaibid i. Vn. imgabáil.

(a) (lit. goes around) avoids, shuns, evades: imgabaid gl. uitate, Ml. 116b6 . imdaimgabam gl. quae ... uitare [conueniat], 35d19 . bes immagaba ceit co matain `perhaps he may escape it (viz. accobar) until morning,' Mon. Tall. 152.5 . nī imgabaim ēnfer `I shun no man,' Ériu i 116.5 . fochichursa aurchor dait ... ┐ ní n-imgaba ní n-imgeb acht i n-arddai I will not avoid it except on high, LU 5762. imgeib guin immoamgeib gabáil he shuns wounding who shuns capture, TBC-LL¹ 860. nimgeb (=ni i.) comroc nā comlond ... in laech dodanic, TBC-I¹ 3204. imgaibtir athai ┐ ergala rém ḟúath, LU 10275. cid fora n-imgaibe in dalta why dost thou avoid, Lat. Lives 75.5 . foirir nior imgaib truaighi alas ! he had not avoided misery, TBC-LL¹ 4492. roimgaib demun méra Mártain, Lat. Lives 95.16 . ar imgaib comlonn aenḟir, Laws iv 352.19 . cruth amrimgabsat the way they avoided it, Anecd. i 53 § 23. mad intí ... imgaibes (imgabas, v.l.) tola isin coemnu immbí, Alex. 986. na hulca imgabamít, PH 6866. ni chumcaimm co ro-imgaiber cumachta Dia, 6558 . imgaib ágh 's rod imgéba, MR, 172.12 . ro-imgabus he cor-ro elodhus uadh, RC xiv 60.6 . roimgaib Ercail Emon gan beth ac fortacht do Hercules refrained from helping Haemon, TTebe 3181 . seachnadh tra ┐ imgabadh droichdescipal, Fl. Earls 154.24 . is airi tra is imgabtha ar format ria cach ret `therefore is envy to be shunned beyond everything,' Ériu vii 164 § 11. is samlaid tra ata imgabthi na pianasa tri lubair ┐ légend, Ériu iii 7.6 .

(b) evades, escapes (intrans.) : co ro-imcaib co hinclethi co mbói i ndíthrebu (of Nero), PH 1908.

(c) conceals (trans.) : muirbhfit-seom uili iat ... munus imgabut, RC xliii 24.9 . ro theichset in foirend-sin uli ┐ ro-imgaibset iat fén, PH 2922.

See also under imma n-.

2 ingen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 ingen or dil.ie/28652
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: ingen, inga, ingu, -ingin, hingin, ingni, ingne, hingne, ingine, ingin, ingnea, ingni, ingne, ingní, ingne, ingen, ingean, -ingned, hingnib, inginibh, inga, ionga

n ā, f. n s. ingen, Sg. 46b13 . Laws iv 90.y Comm. inga, Fél.² lxxvii 16. ingu, Laws iii 352.7 Comm. -ingin, Anecd. i 8.7 . a s. go hingin , ZCP xii 387 § 11. g s. ingni, ingne, LU 6551 - 2 . na hingne , Laws iii 352.3 Comm. ingine, iv 146.5 Comm. d s. do ingin , Sg. 217a7 . n p. inna ingnea , Ml. 87b11 . ingni, IT i 120.3 . ingne, BS 32.x. v p. a gerr-ingní , IT iii 102.21 . a p. ingne, i 79.46 . g p. ingen, SR 888. ingean, Anecd. i 38 § 104. -ingned, IGT Decl. ex. 1403. d p. dona hingnib , Gild. Lor. 197 n. d'inginibh , O'Curry 1161 (< H 3.18, p. 461ab ). Mid. Ir. inga, Mod. Ir. ionga. See IGT Decl. § 54. 11 .

(a)

(Of people) a nail (of finger or toe) ; (of birds or beasts) hoof, claw, talon ; a (metal) nail: dona hingnib gl. ung[u]es, Gild. Lor. n.197. cruba, cróga ingne, Sbuir, Eg. Gl. 123. i.¤ ab ung[u]e , O'Mulc. 720. inna ingnea mmoitha gl. tenerae ungulae, Ml. 87b11 . cróa [man. al.] i.¤ `a hoof, a nail,' Sg. 46b13 . do ingin gl. ad ung[u]em, 217a7 . cét n-i.¤ for cach oen baiss, SR 888. ni chorcu m'ingne, IT i 79.46 . inga mor bui fuirri amal ingin chon (explanation of name Coningen), Fél.² lxxvii 16. secht meōir cechtar a dā lām co ngabāil ingni sebaicc co forgobāil ingne griūin ar cach nāi fo leith dīb, TBC-I¹ 2036. lon Droma Seghsa ... | fúair bás i crobaib m'ingean (Hawk of Achill speaking), Anecd. i 38 § 104. congeil i.¤ fri fiacail `a nail rates with a tooth,' Laws iv 90.y Comm. ma ro benad barr a meoir o bun na hingne, iii 352.3 Comm. mas o duban suas ro benad de a ingu, eiric bain beime ann, ocus ingu eit don timpanach ar son aithgina `if it was from the black upwards his nail was cut off him ... and a wing-nail (shall be given) to the harper by way of compensation,' 352.7 Comm. caithchi cethra tra ... caitche a n-ingine, ocus caitce a n-adhairce the trespasses of their hooves ..., iv 146.5 Comm. ingni corcra córi cruindgéra lé, TBC-LL¹ 212. go ro bertsatar ingni na tarb ferchubat fir i talmain é arna bás, 6155 . ō mullach mo baisti go hingin mo coisi, ZCP xii 387 § 11. do ráinig tríd an móin ...gan ingne a eachadh dfhliuchadh, ii 556.11 . asbert in rí a chorp uile do scerdiud o ingnib iairn, LB 279a53 . Hirusan atach n-ingne .i. in uair bis in luch isin froighidh ni bi aigi-sium acht gabail da ingnibh don froighidh `the attack of claws,' Tromd. Guaire 738 - 40 . níor deargadh le hingnibh each | ... do leirg dtonnbháin, DDána 68 § 4. ná bí gan ionga a gcúl do chomharsan, Gadelica i 128.615 . cosa ... con n-ingnibh lángera leoganda, Stair Erc. 1237. ag gearradh an ghaiste dá ngobaibh ┐ dá n-ingnibh, TSh. 3910. giodh bé ar bhith roinneas a n-ionga `whatsoever parteth the hoof,' Levit. xi 3. In phr. ingen forbairte (?) (disease) quittor (?): d’eslainte cos tosuigh na n-ech ... inga forbairte , Celtica ii 34 § 9 , cf. 50 § 12 . don ingin forbairte. ┐ is maith a’ leiges air a fennad ┐ a nighi d’fual brén go cenn 3 la ł 4, ┐ a nighi d’fhúal úr o tsin amach. ┐ is maith a’ leiges air a losgad ina tighib fiara ┐ a nighi d’fual bren gach laei o tsin amach 'concerning inga forbairte [? quittor]. A good treatment for it is to lance [?] it, and wash it with stale urine for three or four days, and wash it with fresh urine from that on. Another good treatment is to burn it in transverse lines and afterwards to wash it daily with stale urine' 38 § 15 , ( 52 § 18 ). But cf. don ída forbaide (furbuigi, v.l.) .i. eslainti fhasas ar na hechaib os cinn a n-ingin, Celtica xvii 115 § 6 .

As npr. : I.¤ ┐ Ette (names of two birds), IT iii 243.248 .

Legal : ingen ar méraib the name given to descendants beyond the son of the great great grandson, i.e. collateral kin beyond the third cousins ( BBCS xxxvii 138 n. 6 ): ite fine cacha tuaithe, geilfine, deirbfine ... glasfine, i.¤ ar meraib, Laws iv 282.z . i.¤ ¤ ar meraib ... dedlaid fri fine, conranna-side finnteda on med addaimther i fini `it separates from the family, but it obtains a share of the family land, inasmuch as it is acknowledged as of the family,' 286.1 . is si in derbhfine amuil ro gabh bruinne in duine ... ┐ is í in innfine amuil ro gabhsat na da. dorn, ┐ isí in i.¤ ar a méruibh amuil ro gabhsat méra ┐ ingne, O'D. 548 (< H 3.17, c. 436 ). óthá athair ┐ mac co senathair for cūlo ┐ frithrusc a frithisi coruici i.¤-ar-mēraibh, Ériu i 215.17 . Somet. found without `ar méraib' : cion brathar for brathair ... ┐ cion indua for innua, ┐ cin ingne (.i. a da mac side) for ingin, O'Curry 2293 (< Eg. 88, fo. 22aa ).

(b) a clove of garlic: mad fir-caindend, se hingni dec cacha bairgine `if it be real garlic there are sixteen cloves to each cake,' Laws v 40.11 . dobretha mid ┐ ingne lossa di co ndeirgenae a ruidiud `mead and cloves of leeks were given to her until she blushed,' RC xx 284.13 (ACC). ingne gairleoige do berbadh ar uisge, 23 K 42, p. 354.4 - 6 .

COMPDS. ¤bóthur hoof-track: ar slicht in tṡluaig ┐ i n-ingenbothur na tánad, TBC-LL¹ 4930. ¤chruinn having rounded nails: bas i. fa cael croind | Mael finnEchlainn cas Conoill, Irish Texts ii 10 § 31 . having rounded hoofs: le heach n-i., L. Cl. A. B. 99.170 . ag ríadh sdéd n-ingeanchruinn n-óg, IGT Decl. ex. 1689. ¤derg having red nails: sduadh inghin-dearg abhramhall, DDána 49 § 12. ¤ḟota : Aimirgin ingen-fota .i. di ingin foda buí foru meor, O'D. 412 (< H 3.17, col. 314 ). ¤gér sharp-clawed: srónmhael ... ingingher slemain ... geirfhiaclach ... (of a cat), Tromd. Guaire 768. sharp-hoofed: ó chroibmearlúdh bhoirrthe each n-ingeinghéar, DDána 70 § 13. gan graifne ar ngreagh n-inginghéar, Measgra D. 51.42 . ¤glain having gleaming nails: Fallec is Iachtan cen ail | da mac Ebeir ingenglain, Rawl. 77a37 . ¤glaine gleaming of claws: lór ingeanghlaine na n-éan, Aithd. D. 9 § 7.

iuchandae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. iuchandae or dil.ie/29190

Forms: iuchna

adj io, iā, (iuchán). Found as epithet of nails or claws, `pale red' : meru seta sithgelui, ingni ailli iuchanda (describing Étaín), IT i 120.3 . méra sēta ..., ingne ... iuchanta, MacCongl. 97.16 . cú cr[a]osach ... go n-ingnibh iuchannda, Feis Tighe Chonáin 82. ? Older form: iuchna pale red , O'R.

lénaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lénaid or dil.ie/29896

Forms: leónaid, lénad, léonad, lénta, léonta

v (lén) cf. liúnaid, léiniud. Later also leónaid. impairs, injures, wounds: ro lénad nert Demuin `weakened hath been', Fél. Prol. 253 . lenaidh lógh a enech, Ériu xiii 15.20 (immediate context obscure). len .i. bacail, ut est lenaidh logh n-enech .i. bacaid logh n-enech na flatha, O'Dav. 1162 (`a stopping ut est it hinders(?) honour-price') (`stains', Hermathena 1935, 64 ). o roscarsatar ar cuir / nachar lén, a Lucifuir, SR 1725 (here perhaps read len; cf. cid 'moatai diar lenamuin?, 1722 ). lénfaid cach a chomaithech, co mera cach brathair araile, RC xxvi 40 § 207 (Imm. in dá Thuarad). ná rosléna cin i crí, Metr. Dinds. iii 182.207 (`besmirch', Gloss.; lena, leno, v.ll.). ram lensatar ram lénsatar (sc. mo phecctha), Laud 610, fo. 6b (Plummer MS. notes). tescfaiter táib / leonfaitir lama, TFerbe 187 . co C. mac . . . Fintain, co tenid leonas ergala `that wounds battalions', Ériu i 116.15 . do chosnomaidh bain in beatha / ro leonamh lamh flatha, BB 34a1 . co raleansat co ralagaigset a cengail, TTebe 212 . rathuitseadar . . . a n-arm urnochta ar lár . . . ┐ ralenaid a lama na laeich, 950 . ní raibi ridiri . . . nar leon whom he did not wound, Grail 218 . do léanadh a séan, O'Rah. 46.2 (of a house on death of three of the family). an chos do leonadh, Keat. Poems 1429 . don druing leóntar lé sláinte chorpardha, TSh. 8260 . a lasair nár leónadh (to a dagger), TD 33.14 . Vn. lénad, léonad. Part. lénta, léonta.

1 lúath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 lúath or dil.ie/30854
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: imlúaith, imluath

adj o,ā. Cf. n s m. imlúaith (: Cruaich), LL 1397 (cruach: imluath, v.l., ITS xli 234 ).

Quick, swift : fo bés srotha luaith, Wb. 32c16 . ar uscib lūathaib, Hy. vi 16 . loṅga lúatha, Fél. Sept. 9 . goetha luatha, FA 30 (LB). a haisdear ni luath, Magauran 1036 . frasa . . . luatha . . . d'armuibh, Comp. CC 126.15 . dá súil lúatha Loingsecháin, BS 44.12 . Of animals: ech . . . luath, LU 8659 ( FB 49 ). lúatha coin dod-repnadar, BDD² 1515 . da n-ag lúatha, TBC-LL¹ 1324 . loscind luatha, BB 240a44 . In more abstract applications: ber na bretha lūatha ūd do chāch, ZCP xiii 179.7 (see below under compds.). i bhfeirg nar luath `not fickle in anger', Magauran 124 . Cf. also: Aifreann luath `an early Mass', O'Hara 4081 . im Shuibhne luath ar buaireamh céille atáim mad, Hackett xix 5 .

In adverbial use quickly, hence also soon, immediately, instantly: dobert doíri forsna Laigniu / luath atchiam, LL 4900 . is toich no is luath toibgit na sofir a ferann, Laws iv 2.5 Comm . Loch Gili as luath do linged. Irish Texts ii 13 § 24. for l.¤ , Fing. R. 320 (ar, co, v.l.) (see Notes). ticed co l.¤ , LU 3660 ( SCC 32 ). co l.¤ , SR 5978 . tair co luath asin sruth immediately, MacCarthy 66.5 . atracht a bas co luath, Lat. Lives 67.4 . rithidh go luath, TSh. 10331 . seal go luath ┐ seal go mall (of the pulse), 1656 .

Equative: lasar thened luathaigther (sic MS.) athach ngáithe, RC xii 426 § 10 . luaithir bogsimhin ar lár srotha, Comp. CC 102.18 . lūaithit[h]ir fīamain, Corm. Y 1059. lúaithigthir fíamuin, BDD² 1340 (altered from luaithir, Gloss., luaithidir, v.l. p. 64 ). lúathidir gaíth n-erraig, LU 3809 ( SCC 37 ). luathither lochait iar forgarmain, Corm. 36.45 . lúathidir rothán ṁbúaled, LU 7542 ( BDD 107 ). luathidir ruathur funemda, Ériu iv 30.3 .

Compar.: ni ra lúathiu na nóecharptig anda in triar de choiss, TBC-LL¹ 5876 . am lūaithe nā crand fri sruth, ACL iii 233 § 6 . dothoet C. fa chēttōir co Temraigh ┐ robtar luaithi rāngator techta Uladh sooner, ZCP xiv 223.4 . atbert Cruind . . . ba lúaithiu a ben, Metr. Dinds. iv 126.36 . is luaithiu gabas nech tuinidi gl. aitheam = áithem, Laws iv 2.10 Comm . (see Celtica vi 221 ). indas is luathi oltás amal dogním-sea more quickly than I do, PH 4135 . luaithe íad go tech Temrach / ná Ó Ruairc 'sa ro-thecchlach earlier (they came) to . . . , BNnÉ 289.11 . luaithe ná líonadh na mara / maidhm an díomais ag drud ria, PBocht 8.6 . toil a fhaghbhala nis luaighe (viz. death), ITS xxix 194.6 . Adverbially before (in time): ní is lúaithi na rucadh Iosyas `before I. was born', Maund. 110. Cf. gach ní tig ó ní oile, as luaithe bhíos an ní ó ttig ann inā é i.e. exists before it, Parrth. Anma 1229. Of wish, intention (cf. Engl. sooner, rather): gurab luaithi d'fuileon[g]adh bota pilēr do dhēnamh 'ná thiocfadh go Cōigeadh Uladh san chonvae sin, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 32.16 . is luaithe d'fhuileongainn bás ioná d'aontóchainn dhóibh I would rather suffer death, Donlevy 418.5 . achd gu madh luaithe dhiongnas saothar let him rather labour, Ephes. iv 28. In phr. mar as lúaithe (sense of superl.?) as soon as: do eirigh an maccamh mar as luaithe adubradh sin, BNnÉ 115.23 . mar is luaithi moitheochair na drochsmuaintighthi, ITS xxix 195.20 . With DE: nosnaltatar for feolaib maccoem mbec, ardāig comad luathite a forbairt that she might grow the more quickly, Ériu iii 138.82 . comad luathaide do soisdís a feich dḟeichemain toichida `that the plaintiff might the more readily recover his debts', Laws iii 152.12 Comm . ionnus gurab luathaide do fhásfadh é, Keat. ii 4906 . gurab luathaide ghuidheas an eaglais ar an marbh, TSh. 5197.

Superl. In LL adverbially and apparently in sense of compar.: cid ellom condranic cách, luaithium conarnic Fergus, TBC-LL¹ 1035 . cid l.¤ condránic in gilla luathiu[m?] con arnic Cu Ch., 1421 . luathium luis Goll a láma (i.e. more quickly than his adversary), LL 12705. The forms lúadem, LL 572 and in: Life, luathem a linne (`swiftest his waters'), Metr. Dinds. ii 82.43 are perh. rather 1 pl. of 1 lúaidid, q.v.

As subst.: a ingen, a lúath, a láeb, a Leborcham 'o girl, o swift one, o crooked one, o Leborcham', Tall. Étair 47.130 .

As n.pr.: S. mac Luaith, AU i 222.10 . Lurgu mac Lúaith lasar-deirg, Metr. Dinds. iv 122.10 .

Very frequent in composition. In the follg. lists compounds where l.¤ is used mainly for alliteration and / or rhyme have not been fully listed.

(a) With nouns. ? ¤áirem: each da bo . . . luathairem ar aird eamain, Laws v 66.19 . ¤breith: gan luaithbhreith without rash judgement, Content. xiv 32 . na beir luaithbhreith ar leithscél, Acall. 1414 . ¤cháin: mac dia tibrat laeich lūathchāin ready tribute, BColm. 6.21 . ¤chles: luathchleas seannuig, Párl. na mB. 2367 (assonating with cuach). Cf. lúth compds. ¤chor: foceird . . . lūathchor dá sūil isin tigh a rapid glance, ZCP v 501.26 . ¤chride: luathchride gl. cardiacus, Thes. ii 231.10 . ¤chúaird: ro lá mo súilse lúathchuaird I glanced rapidly around it, LU 7071 ( BDD 73 ). ¤éc: mortlaid . . . .i. luath-écai . . . .i. mortluath . . . luath .i. bás, Hy. v 12 gl. 24 . ¤ḟoibirt see fópairt (c). ¤gol: mná uaisle ag luathghol ar shráidibh weeping copiously, Keat. Poems 479 . ¤grinde: in luathgrinde áigh ┐ irgaile `swift phalanx' (Gloss.), Acall. 2819 . 4417 . ¤guin: nert a luathguinib, Acall. 4740 . ¤immáin: luath-ímana so sis, ┐ imana indligtheacha, Laws v 138.9 Comm . (introducing a list of punishable `drivings'). ¤lasair: luadfit lergga luathlasra fiercely flaming, SR 8207. ? ¤mag: cia ghébus Laigniu a lluathmaig / tacair [cruai]d tria báig, SG 382.24 . ? ¤rann: Mag Li luatraind, Mag Lathraind, Leb. Gab.(i) 62.8 . luathrainn .i. luaittear a rannaibh, O'Cl. ¤réim: ina luaithréim `on his rapid progress', AFM v 1820.2 . ¤tinól: forfuair do A. in luathtinol sa do dénum, Alex. 77.

Rarely with noun forming adjectival compd. ¤enech: gripp lepp luathaineach / liath luath loscael, IT iii 43 § 56. Cf. also LU 3382 - 3 printed Labraid Lúathlám ar claideb, SCC 17 `Swift-Hand-on-Sword', SGS vii 54 (cf. BDD² 269 cited s.v. luïd.).

(b) With adjj. In dvandva-compds. (the available exx. all show alliteration). ¤adbal: ina lasrachaibh . . . luathaidhbhle, ML 84.12 . ¤athlam: muineadha loma luath-athlomha, 84.23 . ¤bras: ín gres luighthi co luath-bras, Acall. 818 `rashly and perfunctorily', SG ii 121 . ¤lom: eclach siden luathlom lísta lurgan-breac, BB 257b7 . ¤mer: ina laemannaib . . . luath-mera , MR 222.23 .

With adjj. formed from nouns: ¤aicentach: claochlódh corrach . . . luath-aigeantach, TSh. 1662 . ¤basach see lúthbasach. ¤béimennach: Laegaire Lúathbémandach, Fianaig. 70.7 . ¤fasaig see lúthbasach. ¤gonach: an laech . . . luath-ghonach, MR 278.24 . lúathghuineach, Duan. F. ii 44 § 48 . ¤léimnech: ech . . . lúathlemnech, LU 6489 ( TBC-I¹ 1975 ). ¤ṡíntech: in lann . . . luath-shintech `quick-striking', MR 300.8 . ¤ṡúilech quick-eyed: na bí gaireachtach na luath-shúileach indti = non oculos circumferas (i.e. at prayer), ITS xxix 198.9 .

(c) With verbs. ¤báidid: romarb, roloisc, roluabhaídh, MacCarthy 412.8 . ¤brisid: roluathbrisedur a longa, Ériu viii 18.z . ¤éirgid: roluatheirghidar na tonda `swiftly uprose', Ériu iii 156 § 9 . ¤gaibid: and rolúath-gab cen lumma / draic úathmar fili sunna, Metr. Dinds. iii 224.19 . ¤lonnaigid: do luath-lonnaigh im Conall trias[n]a haithesgu sin C. flew into a passion. ZCP xiv 258.17 . ¤marbaid: ro luathmarbad . . . na tri cét fer, Acall. 7868 . ¤medraid: ro luath-meadrad in saermiled, MR 230.25 .

With vnn. ¤ḟácbáil: Luimnech do luathfhacbail to leave L. quickly, Caithr. CC 8 . ¤gorad: dia fúair L. luathgorud, LL 4162 ( RC xxiii 316.2 ). ¤letrad: robo imda laoch 'na ligu iarna luathledradh, LL 408a52 (= TTr. 2230 ). ¤répad: ac loscad ┐ ac luathrébad críchi Cuailgne, Comp. CC 82.19 .

maer

Cite this: eDIL s.v. maer or dil.ie/31254
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: maor, moer

n o, m., later also ā f., d s. do maeir, Cog. 48.20 , ZCP xlix-l 619 . (Lat. maior) maor, IGT Dec. § 96.6 .

(a) a steward of a king or prince, whose chief duty seems to have been to collect imposts; often coupled with `rechtaire'. m.¤ .i. brethemh, O'Dav. 1275 (a definition not supported by literature). araid mǽir saír . . . i n-iarthur in taige (of the Tech Midchuarta), LL 29b13 = moer, YBL 149b1 . masa aen m.¤ ro huirdnedh acun righ, leth-eniclann in rig do, Laws v 74.24 Comm. maoir no rechtaire in ri iat-sidhe, ii 94.4 Comm. a maír ┐ a fhedmannaig oc crechad chaich (of a `tigerna tuaithe'), PH 7531. bó cach liss i Muman . . . ┐ mær dia tobach, MacCongl. 57.12 . do ordaich rigu ┐ taisechu, maeru ┐ reachtairedu (of Imar the Danish leader), Cog. 48.12 . a maeir ┐ a rectairedha, 84.13 . maor í Dhomhnaill, AFM iii 178. Gilla Crist . . . m.¤ Muman, AU 1072 ; 1073 (moer). ardmaer Oa Neill in deiscirt, 923 . ardmaer oca mbiat ill-tuatha, O'Dav. 1275. ardmhaor sluaigh `chief officer', AFM vi 2024.1 . The steward or collector of dues attached to a monastery (or the collective monasteries of the same foundation): Feidilmidh abbas Cille M. et moer Breg o Phatraic (i.e. collector of P.'s dues in Bregia), AU 813. m.¤ muinteri Patraicc, 887 , cf. 893 . muna íocait . . . fri maoraibh Máodog, BNnÉ 248.10 . dobertsat na Gaoidhil toirbearta . . . da maoraibh [sc. mainistre na Croiche naoimhe] ┐ da manchoibh, AFM vi 2148.14 . (fig.) maor Dé, Ir. Monthly 1930, 516.28 (of St. Michael, common in relig. poetry). maor tobhaigh an Tighiorna, 514.7 . m.¤ na meidhe, 1929, 213.31 (see med).

(b) title given to the hereditary guardians of certain relics , see Plummer V. SS. Hib. i p. cxxix . Solamh hUa Mellan m.¤ Cluig in Udhacht[a] keeper of the Bell of the Testament, AU ii 502.15 (cf. AFM iv 864 and see Trip. 120.11 fg.). ro beanadh an Chathach Coluim Cille . . . ┐ do marbadh a maér, iii 420.19 . muintir Mochain Chille hAthracht .i. maoir na Croisi Athracht, Hy Fiach. 40. mær na bachla cochlaige, BColm. 96.22 .

(c) of officials of antiquity: tria guth challaire no mair, PH 2608. ar Troe murnigh na mær, BB 52b21 . ro ordaigsett [Romáin] mair ┐ airrig for cendadachaib in domain do tabac[h] a cisa, CCath. 3225. at[h]arruch consul ┐ maer ┐ airrigh, 3214 . See méra and mormaer.

mairnid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mairnid or dil.ie/31414

Forms: marn-, no-do-mairn, nom-mera, nacha-romrat, nu-merad, ar-in-merad, ni-n-mēra, rot-mēra, num-mērat-sa, mmērat, ros-mert, nim-rumart-sa, mertamar, mertsam, me[r]tatar, mērthir, cotamert, dia-n-mert, mrath, brath, mairn-, r-ar-marnestar, mairnestar, ro mert, ro[m]-mert-sa

vb. The -n- belongs to the pres. stem, which is not represented in the Glosses and may have been marn- (occas. found in Mid.Ir.), see Thurn. Hdb. § 546.

Forms: Pres. 3 s. no-do-mairn, Laws ii 284.21 . Subj. pres. 3 s. cia nom-mera , Fianaig. 26.14 . 3 pl. nacha-romrat, Laws ii 262.3 . Subj. impf. 3 s. co nu-merad , Ml. 24c20 . ar-in-merad, ZCP ix 192 § 9. Fut. 2 s. ni-n-mēra , LL 252a30 ( TBFr. Med. & Mod.Ir. Ser. v, 405 ). 3 s. rot-mēra , SR 1710. 3 pl. num-mērat-sa, Ml. 140c1 . ? ni mmērat beshire, Wb. 30c20 (gl. ultra non proficient; `they shall deceive no further', Thes.: they will last, endure <maraid?). Pret. 3 s. ros-mert, SR 1673 , cf. 1712 , 2779 . nim-rumart-sa, Fianaig. 10 § 8. 1 pl. mertamar, TBC-I¹ 290. (s-pret.) ro mertsam , SR 3623. 3 pl. ro me[r]tatar , Ml. 75d5 . Pass. fut. s. mērthir, LL 346b54 = ZCP xi 86 § 40. ? Pret. s. cotamert, SR 3071. dia-n-mert, 5361 ; so Strachan, VSR p. 36 ; by Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 575 taken as act.; if the latter, the construction is impersonal. See other possible exx. below.

vn. O.Ir. mrath = Mid.Ir. brath.

In Mid.Ir. freq. treated as a weak vb., the stem mairn- being preserved in all tenses: pret. 3 s. r-ar-marnestar, TBC-LL¹ 3688. ro mairnestar , LU 1033.

(a) betrays, plays false; leaves in the lurch: gl. prodere, Ml. 24c20 , 140c1 ; refers to proditores, 75d5 . nodo-guin nodo-mairn (.i. doní in brath), Laws ii 284.21 . ni gonuit ni mairnit, ii 288.14 Comm. abbair fris, . . . marnas mērthir who betrays shall be betrayed, ZCP xi 86 § 40. ro mertsam cóem diar ngnáthaib, | ro recsam ar n-oenbráthair, SR 3623. co mera [mairfid v.l., leg. mairnfid] cach brathair araile, RC xxvi 40 § 207 . dia mert a ben Coinroí, ZCP iii 42 § 7. ni mairnd [leg. mairn] cairdiu, LU 3634 ( SCC 31 ). ar nā gona ┐ ar nā mairne fear fine fear n-anfine, H 3.18 p. 217 a ( O'Curry 385 ). slog do ching a timcheall cairn | is mac ainbthi no-dos-mairnn; | is e mo drai, ni mera, | mac De the son of God is my druid, he will not play (me) false, YBL 173b42 = SG 79 , cf. CS 561 , AFM i 194 (in both versions taken as: ním éra he will not refuse me). Iudas Scariath mert a Choimde who betrayed his Lord, Ériu ii 120 § 59. in duine mairnes in coimdid iar ndesmberecht Iudais, PH 5297. rom-mertabair . . . lécud mo námat chucum `ye have plotted to let', Ériu vi 148.48 . mani mairntae in chathir, TTr.² 1782. ni mad-lodmar dō, ol C., nā mertamar hUltu would that we had not gone there and left the Ulstermen in the lurch (open to attack), TBC-I¹ 290 = frismbertamar Ultu, O'Dav. 1020.

Deceives, deludes (with false appearances, promises, etc.), cozens, wheedles, misleads: nit-merad-su (.i. nit-mairnfed) sain he would not deceive thee (alluding to Cathbad's prophecies), TBC-LL¹ 1081. is trén ro-da-mert in scel ro chomarleicset their plans deluded them (of builders of Babel), SR 2779. cen bæth-rún ros-mairn immaig `without idle desire that lured him away', Metr. Dinds. iii 198. Cf. further: is tú th'aenur nachan-mairn[e]a . . . di cach athchomarc rolásum cucat thou art the only one who never fails (disappoints) me in any request, ACL iii 294 § 12. `Atchíu níro fastáis na firu' for C. `Ní mé rod-mert' (.i. ro follaig [sic leg.] cen in techtairecht do denam) or L. it is not I that flinched (shirked) it, BDD 36 (rodmeirt, rotmbert v.l.; leg. rotmert that failed thee?). The follg. exx. may represent pret. pass. (see above): coro thimart, cota-mert dó (= do) thochta i tír nEgept till they were beguiled into going (?), SR 3071. dian-mert fodéin . . . do berrad a mormuṅgga when he himself was beguiled into having his locks shorn (?), 5361 (of Samson). Cf. ro mert Labān . . . | indaban [leg. idnaib] forsrabi Rachial, 3029 (= L. was deceived by the simulated pangs of R.?).

(b) tells on, informs on (a person); reveals (a plan, etc.), not necessarily in bad sense: slán cach mairnes [mairne MSS.] mignima .i. bi slán dontí dogni faisneis . . . in drochgnima, O'Dav. 1272. mairnit na noím in námait n-arsata .i. diabul don athair nemdai (alluding to the prayer: `deliver us from the evil [one]'), PH 8006. coro máirned a athair intí Martain don rig (= prodente patre), Lat. Lives 87. ro mhairnseat d'Ua Neill an Calbhach do bheith fón innas sin, AFM v 1576.1 . In looser sense of revealing, making known: ised sin ro mairn in mag | ó fil a ainm co n-ardblad, Metr. Dinds. iii 426. ainm in míl . . . ro len in tír sin chaidche; ros-mairn ós áth cach enaig `it designated the spot', 428 . mar[n]aid do chiall cech sluag séim thy sense spies (perceives) every ethereal host, SCC 45 ; cf. cuimilt riú, mar mhairneas mé, ní fiú th'aighneas as I perceive, Content. xxii 20.

(c) confounds, baffles, brings to nought; cf. frisbert .i. ro mairnestar, LU 1033 = ro mairn, RC xx 274 § 101. cethri tomadmann . . . ní ros-mairn [rosbáid v.l.] mesce 'malle `strong drink (? poetic frenzy) hath not confounded them together' (i.e. mixed up their names), Metr. Dinds. iii 460. feib ro mairn a chrotha crí maidm . . . Locha Lindmuni `wrought the ruin of his shapely form', 450 . ar co fesad cid dia mboí ani nos-mert (rosmbert, not-fosd v.l.) what it was that balked them, RC xv 294 ( Dinds. 5 ). rosiacht in muc co Ceis Corind, conid ann ros-mert ` perished ', 477 ( Dinds. 77 ) = pass. pret.? co fail a lecht ar a lar | airm ro mert in mor-macamh, BB 405a38 (pass.?). ro[m]-mert-sa . . . aithle mo meic, | rom-thacht-sa cumga Eogain the loss of my son (?) has undone me, LL 146b42 = PRIA iii 544 § 21 (pass.?). dorochair in file . . . ro mairned co sír . . . ar ainmed ríg ro-Themra `he was betrayed (? destroyed) for blemishing', Metr. Dinds. ii 68. in tí triasarmairned in domun through whom the world was brought to nought (of Christ), LB 135b28 = Todd Lect. vi § 71 . With transference of obj.: ro mert Blathnait . . . in argain `by treachery brought about the slaughter', ZCP iii 42 § 8.

maraid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. maraid or dil.ie/31563
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: mairid, mair-, mar-, maired, maraith, mair, marait, mardda, mairte, mairde, mairit, mēraid, mérait, mértait, merdait, merdaid, mairf-, marabh, marathar, marathar, marthar, marthain, merdais, mair, céin máir

ā, and mairid i, vb. This is a BI verb Ériu lvi 23n . The stem mair- is usual in conjunct form of 3 s. pres. and in later lang. prevails over mar- (see Thurn. Hdb. 335 ). Imp. 3 s. maired, TBC-LL¹ 4615 , 4634 . Pres. 3 s. maraith, Sg. 203 marg. ( Thes. ii p. xxii ). nád mair , Wb. 3c15 . 3 pl. marait, Fél. Prol. 88. (rel.)) mardda, Sg. 203 marg. mairte (mairde, mairit v.l.), Fél. Prol. 194. Fut. 3 s. mēraid, Ml. 100b4 . 3 pl. mérait; mértait (spurious form), LU 2581. merdait, PH 2765 , Acall. 7767. merdaid, Alex. 238. Later b-fut., stem generally mairf-; 1 s. ni marabh , IGT Dec. ex. 921. S-pret. Deponent forms occur in Laws (text): a marathar de, ii 394.25 . ma marathar seoit, 316.18 , cf. 338.18 and O'Dav. 1085. Pass pres. ni marthar , LU 581 ( ACC § 11a ). vn. marthain.

I

(a) lasts, persists, is extant, remains (in existence): maraith sercc céin mardda aithne love remains as long as property remains, Sg. 203 marg. ( Thes. ii p. xxii ). meraid hua chlaind fri claind a n-aithis their reproach will endure, Ml. 100b4 . maraid dogres in dearc, PH 5922. intan marbthar in corp, ni lugaite marus int anumm, 7480 . is dogres marus dligedh an etargnaithe the law of the intellect exists always, Laws i 36.12 Comm. maraid beos in cloch sin (= stat adhuc), Lat. Lives 104. mairid fós aít na tobar sin, Maund. § 254. céne marus bith as long as the world lasts, Trip. 70.20 . cia nos-timna dod charaid | sec[h] cía maruid ni mera you may bequeathe it (your wealth) to your friend, but though it survives you it is still transitory, Ériu ii 228.18 . acht coro mardais a cnama cen combach provided their bones remained unbroken, ZCP xii 244.19 . mo thiopra . . . meraidh co laithe in bratha, Anecd. ii 21. roinn mac nIughoine gur mhar ar Éirinn trí céad bliadhan, Content. vi 85. is bec ro mair de little was left of him (= he nearly died), ZCP vi 50.21 . nir mair don Tháin acht blogha di nama, ACL iii 4.7 . acht co marat m'airscéla dimm' ēsi provided my fame lives after me, TBC-LL¹ 1112 , cf. TBC-I¹ 551. mēruidh a coisscēlu cīan | cēn mērus soiscēla slān, ZCP x 47.2 . go mairfedh a bhladh do shir, BNnÉ 329 § 63. comad faididi do merdais siad that they may last the longer, Rosa Angl. 158.16 (cond. for subj. impf.). Strengthened with prefix bith-: suthain flaith fail uas nélaib . . . bithmeraid, LL 133b8 . bithmarait a piana, Fél. Prol. 88. Of remaining, persisting in a certain place: dia luid Aithirni . . . ro muir isin slíab he abode, Metr. Dinds. iii 106. gidh sunn, cidh tall no mairmis, BNnÉ 313 § 5. do mhairetar na leabair sin aimser fhoda a nhÍ, BCC § 221. With DO of person: co tí in dál-sa maras det that Judgement that awaits thee, Metr. Dinds. iii 130. dondí nos-comallfa méraít a fochraice, Ériu ii 208 § 28. da mhar int eallach d'Iacim Joachim (still) kept his stock (after selling it), ACL iii 244 § 6. With oc remains with, is in the possession of: maired mo chlaideb acut da Laígaire (= keep my sword for L.), TBC-LL¹ 4615 = coimét . . . agat, St. ro mairseat na scelai sin occan eascob, RC xiv 62.7 . With LA: ind ordnasc doratus-[s]a duit-siu, in mair latt? hast thou it still? LL 251a16 ( TBFr. Med. and Mod.Ir. Ser. v 293 ), cf. ZCP iv 43.4 . is leo ro marustar bretha they preserved the judgements, Laws i 36.20 Comm. maradh le cloinn Néill tre tár may it be an abiding disgrace to Clan N., ZCP viii 224 § 28. Ath ṅGrene . . . méraid ra cách a chumne, TBC-LL¹ 740.

Of persons often remains alive, survives, is left: maraidh fós araile senóir do lucht ar mainistrech-ni, RC xxv 396 § 13. in mairend hé? is he still alive? TFerbe 531 . dia maradh d'eis a bhraithreach, AFM vi 2216.24 . ní mhaireann Fionn Finn is no more, Oss. iv 10.7 . ní mair in drong úabair, Fél. Prol. 199. co nAeth mac M. nach mair, IT i 108.16 . Ailill Miltenga nád mair, ZCP viii 218 § 19. ro imig in Sabhdan asin cath ┐ gach ar-mair dia muindtir all that survived, ZCP vi 57.27 . Often simply = lives: bi a péin abus gēin mara endure suffering here while thou livest, ZCP ix 173 § 19. cēn ro marsat, ACL iii 2.15 = céin robatar i mbíu H. Esp. in late lit.: go maireadh drong dhíobh ós cionn ocht gcéad bliadhan (of the patriarchs), TSh. 405. coimhéd m'aitheanta ┐ mair!, Proverbs iv 4.

(b) the expression céin-mair becomes stereotyped with the meaning long lives, hence happy, fortunate , folld. by nom. or dat., often a mere interjection: céinmair noda-ainsed happy he who should spare him, BDD 111. cénmair tír dianad buachail, RC xvii 173.19 (Tig., poem). cenmair tuaith dia ro genair blessed the race from which he sprang, SR 2736. cein-mair anmain dia ndichet, KMMisc. 212 § 5. cenmair hUlltaib, mairc Iarnaib, TBC-LL¹ 3424. Sometimes treated as a noun: cenmair i n-a ḟlaith prosperity in his reign, B. in Scáil 27 ( ZCP xiii 380 , iii 464 ). cen mo mair .i. cēn a cena [= Lat. coena], mair uita . . . .i. is fleth [= fled] mo betha, O'Mulc. 218. cenbe mair while life lasts (? bē = 3 s. subj. pres. of subst. vb.), Ériu i 122 z . — This expression must be distinguished from the advb. céin máir (acc. of cian már) a long time, for ever , see cían.

II Rarely trans.

(a) in impers. construction, generally in pass.: ised am [tatham YBL, sic leg.] cein nom-mair while I live (?), IT i 80.3 . (However, Uhlich emends to no-mmar (: romar) which he takes as pres. subj. 1 s.: ised am (tatham YBL, sic leg.) céin no-mmar 'as long as I may live,' LMU 269 , Ériu lvi 23 ). ? So also in abbreviated form in: ní ṡechnaim ’san Mide mar I will not avoid in Mide as long as I live Ériu xxi 145 § 10 . ni marthar lenn (.i. ni fil nech d'iarmorad ocunn) `there is no remaining with us' (= we have nought abiding?), ACC 11a ( RC xx 162 ).

(b) lives to see, experience: ó's leatsa luighe le Caitilín . . . go mairir í may you live to enjoy her, Hackett xxii 7 (a mod. use, still current in similar phrases).

III In Bérla na f.: coire erma . . . maraid (.i. rāid-sim enecland do cách) martair (.i. rāidhter eneclann dō ō chāch), Anecd. v 27.7 ; gloss may be conjectural.

? meisceill

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? meisceill or dil.ie/31835

adj meisceill .i. measc a ciall ut est mera mescill scél .i. measc a ciall ag indisin sceal .i. in fer lethchuinn, O'Dav. 1267 (wild are the stories of a half-witted man?).

mer

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mer or dil.ie/31981
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: mear, mir

o, ā. adj. used chiefly of persons, apparently off one's head, demented, crazy , both of temporary condition due to excitement, intoxication, anger, etc., and of permanent quality; in heroic lit. applied to warriors (often in unfavourable sense foolhardy, rash ); in Laws to the insane or half-witted. In late lit. often used in a complimentary sense spirited, lively, agile ; see IGT Dec. § 65 ( mear . . . ó chéill in mholta).

(a) Of persons: m.¤ .i. mo a ír .i. a ferg, Corm. Y 907. mear .i. iarsinní bís a ænur isin allt a mbí .i. ina meracht ┐ ina ænur téit. quasi merulus .i. lon ... quod volat solus ┐ ni bí én aile cid dia cheniul féin ina coemtecht, Corm. 31 = mér, Corm. Y § 890 . mer .i. merulus .i. lon, CIH ii 633.16 . fonrālaig mairb mesctha mir at our wit's end (?), SR 3579 (n p m. for a p.). dia n-essib cor bo m.¤ , Metr. Dinds. ii 24. comdar mera mescda, YBL 138a28 . tibir cech m.¤ `every madcap is a laughing-stock', Tec. Corm. § 13.15 . drūth cech mer `recklessness is foolish', Ir. Prov. 84.9 = Ériu ix 47 § 20 ( LL 147b39 ). cid dotgní m.¤, a mic legind? what drives you mad? MacCongl. 47.28 . rogain mir `a madman's choice', Metr. Dinds. iii 84. ni luadh mir (i.e. incredible statement), Leb. Cert. 170.4 . ra toebh leicne merlaīch mhir, Moling § 18. gasruidh m.¤ active, spirited , Irish Texts ii 33 § 18. nert sloigh láinmhir, IGT Dec. ex. 352. comhartha an mār-mir Macha `great warrior' (? madman), MR 226.12 . gníomh ainnirtag ollamh mhear `a crazy poet', Content. xxvii 5. Of women: in m.¤ mend (of Macha of Emain), Metr. Dinds. iv 128 . don mnaí théithmir, ib. Compar. Midlúachair miriu cech maín ` sprightlier ', Metr. Dinds. iii 282. ni ḟaca laoch . . . budh mōrrda is budh mire, LL 396.2 . fear fa mire is fa cliste san gcomhlann nimblest, fastest , Keat. Poems 209. is miride cruaidh fabhairt, steel is the nimbler for tempering, Dánfhocail 12 § 60.

(b) of the mentally deficient: oinmhit .i. m.¤ nó baeth, IT iii 276. fear fris ro scara[d] a cond .i. duine mear, Laws v 234. 28 Comm. na mir ┐ na hecodnaig, i 86.21 . cuimrech in duine mir (.i. fo tabur in dluighe fulla), 300.10 , 11 . cor mire contract of a mad woman, 52.2 . m.¤ gan rath (a class of `drúth'), H 3.18 p. 423a ( O'Curry 892 ).

(c) of animals: tarb maeth mer, Metr. Dinds. iv 338. delb dhoim allaid . . . mhir, LB 124b1 = Keat. iii 2039. eascaire . . . inn aighi mir `mad cow', Laws iii 272.12 . Mide magen na marc mer spirited, mettlesome , Metr. Dinds. ii 42. eich maithe meara, Cog. 112.5 .

(d) common epithet of sea: cusin muir m.¤ , LL 136a49 . Cog. 178.25 . tar tonnaib in mara mir, Lism. L. 3819. ar thonnuib mera in mara, Ériu ii 92.12 . fairge mhear, Keat. Poems 1462. mire 'náit na mōrthonda (of a chieftain), ZCP viii 221 § 48.

(e) of abstracts, actions, etc. wild, rash, precipitate, etc.: m.¤ is nír chond ceille in col, LL 33a38 . don mortlaid malartuind mir raging , 132b48 . Cath Glinne Mama is mór m.¤ , Cog. 112.18 . roga romer ` eager' (? extravagant, fantastic ), Metr. Dinds. i 6. togla, tána, . . . áera, rúne romera `keen riddles' (? rash purposes or designs), iii 20 . Eochaidh mac R. an rūin mhir, LL 394.16 . ropo m.¤ a nnert, 33a41 . treb Beniamín co mbrig mir, LB 124b9 = Keat. iii 2047. uabhar mer, IGT Dec. ex. 880. ní rád m.¤ no wild (incredible) statement, LU 3035 , cf. ní m.¤ , ZCP viii 113 § 1. criss arcait, ni haicde m.¤ `no paltry (? hastily finished, scamped) work', Fianaig. 14.2 . imchosnam in míre mir `the contest for the coveted portion', Metr. Dinds. iv 180 (epithet prob. transferred from imchosnam = the mad contest for the portion). matin mir, O'Mulc. 268 (`on a bright morning' < Lat. merus, Stokes; perh. wild, gusty ).

Compds.

(a) with adj. forming a dwanda compd. or in adverbial relation: ¤amnas, ZCP viii 264 § 21. ¤borb, CCath. 5791. ¤calma, 1928 . ¤dána, 347 . ¤glé: gen mergle a scion bold and bright (?), LL 134b7 = Todd Nenn. 246. ¤trén, CCath. 1928. ¤uallach, SR 6686. With adj. formed from subst.: oclach . . . meardālach brisk in encounter, Cog. 170.19 . meardhuaiseach swift (impulsive) in bounty , Keat. Poems 738. mermenmnach, ZCP vi 32.12 . xiii 217.12 .

(b) with subst.: ¤ág ` furious battle ', Gorm. July 10. ¤aicme: mac Mugroin mir-aicme, LL 394.45 . ¤aichne: trí comartha tirdachta .i. immargal ┐ immarbág ┐ m. `mistaking one person for another (?)' (? muddle-headedness), Triads 229. Samhradh na meraithne . . . ni aithned neach caem nō cara ann `Summer of the Aberration', AU iii 130.6 , cf. AFM iv 896. Finghin . . . do mharbhadh lá a bhráithribh tre mhearaithne by mistake , AFM ii 1104.5 . ¤bhuinne Muaidhe swift stream, torrent , Ériu viii 135.28 . ¤cenn ` mad-head', epithet of sea: tar muir meircenn, Trip. 34.5 ; 448.21 (meircend). Lism. L. 302. meirceann .i. mear, O'Cl. ¤clann: tar merchlainn Ghaoidel, O'Gr. Cat. 456.13. ¤dánacht recklessness , Fianaig. 70.2 . merdhánacht (oppd. to críndacht), Luc. Fid. 143.14 . ¤dántas, id. Ó Héodhusa 225. meardhortadh, TSh. 6636. ¤ghasradh, AFM v 1652.9 . ¤gním a rash deed , Gorm. 14. ¤grád infatuation: (with obj. gen.) éd tre mer-grádh a mná, ZCP viii 108 z . mear-ghrádh na meirdreach, TSh. 5514. ¤gus: co m. garg, LL 137b16 . go m. dían, ZCP x 24.28 . co mēd meargosa, MR 136.24 . ¤laithe: i mmerlaithib errchaidib blustering days, Hib. Min. 66.36 . ¤lasad: a ṡúile ar merlasadh wildly flashing, Ériu v 180.300 . ZCP vi 278.27 . ¤línad: dochóidh gus an mbairille púdair . . . do merlíonadh a mhiosúr ` quickly (? rashly) replenish ', AFM vi 2072. ¤ṡáile `brackish water', AFM v 1626.7 . ¤scál: cland in merscáil móir (of Mile), ZCP xiii 364.2 , cf. Leb. Gab.(i) i 176.11 . ¤tonn, RC xxix 142.2 . ¤tretell: in mertretill ┐ in rind agha (of Ascanius), Aen. 2364.

(c) rarely with vb.: do merlabhair an muir talked wildly, raved , CF 736. ro merlasadur a shuili, ZCP vi 58.21 (see merlasad above).

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