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2 acht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 acht or dil.ie/201

n (?Lat. actus, see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 229 , Vendr. Lex.) action, act , only in artificial etymologies, glossing gním: meracht quasi mer-icht .i. icht mer .i. gnimh mer, ab eo quod est actus (.i. gním), Corm. Y 891 . Eoghanacht desidhe .i. bona act[io] .i. a.¤ (icht v.l.) maith dó fir Erenn do ṡaerad, Cóir Anm. 37 . Condachta .i. Cunn achta .i. gnimred Cuinn, 76 . a.¤ .i. gnim, Lec. Gl. 280 . ar diadacht .i. ar gnim ṅdiada, ACC 85 (RC xx 268).

betaide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. betaide or dil.ie/5772

adj io, iā (*beta with -t- = d, doublet of petta, O'Rahilly, SGS iii 69 , 70 ). Pejorative epithet (us. of women), beadaídhe ` fond of dainties'; `saucy', `impudent ', P. O'C. Bangnuis burdond b.¤ (of a woman of the Tromdám), LL 3469. ac sin a bruaísin bedaigi ┐ olc in dil ort (scribal note), Dinds. 113 (notes). dulaighi .i. bedaighi . . . is bedaigi in meracht ro dama[d] dosum ar a dan, O'Dav. 622. bean an chleasuidhe do-ní paistím / 's a' bhaird bheadaighe . . . (of a patroness of poets, etc.), Butler Poems 2388 . dailtín bruighneach beaduighe, 2355 . an saoghal beadaidhe, Hackett xxv 10 .

cuthchaire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cuthchaire or dil.ie/14052
Last Revised: 2013

n [io, m.] us. translated trapper, hunter : īasciri cuthguiri etarpuigi, Ériu xix 83 § 16 . écis is cudchaire / ┐ mná glana gribda, LU 2882 ( BB 249a6 ). Coba cu[th]chaire Eirimon . . . Is e cétna ro indlestar . . . cuithigh `pitfall-maker', Dinds. 93 (cf. cuithe). feiss drūadh feiss cerda feiss cuthchoire, ZCP vi 258.20 . dibfergaig ┐ fodlaidi ┐ cudcaire, xiii 260.8 . ba cerd is ba c.¤ `trapper', Metr. Dinds. iv 122.4 . muinnter d' Eiremhon caem Cobha / cudc[h]airi do mill caeb cian, Ériu x 81 § 48 . in cuchaire thechta; ni thic chuici acht in fiad gairmeas, Laws iii 456.19 Comm. meracht a cuchaire, 23 Comm.

ba cuchtaire (c.¤, v.l.) ar chuanaib `kitchener', Metr. Dinds. iii 298.17 . cuthgaire Gainn ┐ Sengaind, LL 22234 ( SG ii 478.22 ). fo dáig feraind cuthgaire ┐ deogbaire, 22236 ( 25 ). brechta druad ┐ arad ┐ c.¤ ┐ deogbaire, 1059 . cornaire ┐ cuthbaire, 3746 .

dáir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dáir or dil.ie/14254

Forms: dáir

n i. A bulling . ce brisit na cet[h]ro oca mbít dair, Laws v 156. 2 . fora mbi dair, ib. 7 . slán dona tarbaib ┐ dona reithib in ré suthain bít ac dáir na máine, ib. iii 232. 2 . tarb i naimsir dara, ib. ii 44. 6 . i 144. 4 . gein bes meracht in dara orro, ib. iii 232. 7 . biaid buar in domain dithoraid .i. cen lacht nó cen dáir, LL 188 a 55 . iarna dáir (tair MS) don Donn Cuailnge, RC x 222 § 14 . co tuc a óghréir .i. agh ndára cech trír a heifer in calf AU ii 76 . dair...na cethra, O'Dav. 741 . go ndearna bó do dháir, O'Cl. s.v. dart .

MOD. dáir. bó fé dháir (W.K.). Cf. dairid.

drús

Cite this: eDIL s.v. drús or dil.ie/18905
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: drúis, drúis

n ā, f. (1 drúth). Later drúis. drúis f., IGT Decl. § 14 (drúss is described as lochtach, IGT Nouns § 70 ).

(a) hot-blooded or amorous disposition: drus ┐ tairpthigi ┐ dechrad do cheli .i. Conculaind, TBC-I¹ 1149 . di druis ┐ tairpthigi, 3267 = TBC-LL¹ 5330 . d.¤ .i. meracht , O'Dav. 622 .

(b) amorous desire, appetite: féchaid mná in domain do ghnúis | is fort bés a nd.¤ uile, SG 248.36 .

(c) In bad sense, lust, concupiscence, incontinence: gl. luxuria, ZCP iii 25.17 . Characteristic of a bad woman, viii 113.22 . dorinned tre drúis ind we have been begotten in lust, ACL iii 238 § 1 . cosc mna bóithe do drúis, MacCongl. 73.2 . bean dia tabair a ceile upta oc a guide co mbeir for drúis, Laws v 292.24 . nā denamm drúis (= neque fornicemur), PH 7443 . tria drúis énaidche dorinned fri mnái, 7445 . do loiscset do thenid na drúissi tempul Dia (.i. corp in duine), 7429 . macaem mná . . . arna damnad . . . tri drúis do denum di, Maund. 57 . do coimét ar mian druisi, 249 . as í cétna drúis . . . doronadh . . . abhos | ben Partholóin . . . do beith la giolla, Leb. Gab.(i) 48.1 . éigin drúise ` rape ', Keat. iii 5586 . Of plants: d.¤ oir[ch]es and | toirrc[h]es isa crand cuireasun a lawful lust is teeming fruitfulness in the tree which He plants (?), ACL iii 235 § 23 .

dulaige

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dulaige or dil.ie/19200

n [,] f. misconduct, wanton behaviour (?): dulaighi .i. bedaighi ut est dulaigi drus rodamad ina dos[s]um dán .i. is bedaigi in meracht rodama[d] dosum ar a dan ` mockery ', O'Dav. 622 . doringned amlaid uile | ic damraid na duluige; | truag in gargdil rogníd and | for ingin ardrig hErenn, LL 192b27 .

érimm, éraimm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. érimm, éraimm or dil.ie/20280
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: éraimm, éraim, éirim, érma, hérma

n n, n., later f. n s. éraimm n- (: Frémainn), Metr. Dinds. iii 350.20 . LL 131b39 . éraim éirim, IGT, Decl. § 10 . g s. ind érma , LU 105b14 . TBC-I¹ 675 . na hérma LL 110a14 .

(a) a driving, riding; a drive, gallop: éirim .i. marcaigheachd, O'Cl. ? eirim monstrum in mare gl. siren, Études Celt. xi 127 (Paris Latin 10290 41 a 4) . indlis L. in carpat ┐ lotár for érim, FB 43 . xx. cetharriad for heraimm, Rawl. 74b5 . each fui isin re a ricfa a les eirim when he shall require to ride out Laws ii 154.19 Comm. re heirim n-espa ... re heirim torba riding for pleasure ... for business iii 258.15 . aimsir erma ... aimsir treobtha, 152.4 Comm. ba he luas ind erma donucsad iar mBregaib such was the speed with which they drove TBC-I¹ 675 . di lúas ind érma ronuc Cu C., FB 43 (LU) = and ermo Con C., ZCP iv 160 . ar tressa na hérma dobert Laeg ar da n-echaib Con C., RC xiv 416.24 . ba tairmesc erma ┐ imtechta dona hechaibsin (viz. the bodies of the slain), TTebe 2910 . re snuad-allus na herma the sweat of the galloping 2338 . meracht a herma the excitement of its gallop Laws iii 180.19 Comm. co n-aipiltis araill ... im-medon a n-erma some (steeds) fell dead when galloping CCath. 3481 . la luas a n-eachradh ┐ a n-érma through the swiftness of their horses and the speed of their galloping AFM vi 2206.13 . m'eich-si ... is luath a n-érim, MR 82.15 . pn As name of a horse: Érim, Acall. 268 .

(b) a course or journey: ba trom n-erim do Mac Con | tuidecht ille, techt inond (of an oversea journey), Fianaig. 32.13 . for a n-eraim `on their journey' Ériu viii 156.15 . Hence, in wider and in fig. sense,

(c) a course, procedure, train (of events, etc.); freq. in poetry in chevilles, where its meaning is vague: maso ḟír, fri heraim n-án, | for ṁbith iarmui do Abram, SR 3497 . Eochu Airem, éraimm n-ard, Metr. Dinds. iii 350.21 . eraim n-arg, Laws i 134.9 (in verse) = eirim n-ard, Cóic Con. p. 45 . éraim n-erglan, SR 1468 . érim ngand, Ériu i 68.13 . eraim (erim) nglé, SR 3667 . 1071 . 1267 . 1831 . érim ngrinn, 2253 . 2567 (hérimm). erim ṅgúr, 463 . 469 . érim n-úag, 5497 . 1401 . 2625 . Course, lapse (of a period): gurab gearr guaiseamhail éirim na beatha so, TSh. 7595 . Course, summary (of a story, etc.): ag so síos go cumair éirim na heachtra, Keat. ii 2938 . nochtais dí éirim an sceoil, iii 625 . gach smuaineadh d'éirgheadh d'éirim m'intinne in the course of my thought (?) Hackett iii 7 . Coire Érmae 'Cauldron of Progression' Ériu xli 100-1 , see érma.

2 icht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 icht or dil.ie/27158
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: icht

n u, m. (? cf. Lat. ictus, but see 1 icht) (? orig. n. : icht mbille, Metr. Dinds. iii 54.3 ).

(a) a deed, an act ? : meracht quasi mer-icht .i. icht mer .i. gnīmh mer, Corm. Y 891. Eoganacht desidhe .i. bona-acht .i. icht maith dó fir Eirenn do shaerad, Cóir Anm.² ii 10 § 37 . beillicht .i. icht beille .i. gnīm tróige, O'Mulc. 176. aicceacht dano icht aicce (.i. gnim) air iss i n-aicci bis in descipul icon aidi, Auraic. 1112 (v.l. icht .i. gnim). techta .i. taei ichta, uair icht gnim ..., Cóic Con. H § 14. no techta .i. tí ichta, uair tí riagail ┐ icht .i. amal ata fil .i. fil gach gnimradh arin coir riagail d'agra forin conair sin ?, ib. ní hicht mbille `no paltry favour' (? read deed), Metr. Dinds. iii 54.3 . climata .i. in damicht, ut est nola air iugera hi clímata .i. orda no rand climata (i.e. plots of land sixty feet square) .i. the work of one ox ... .i. a piece or division ?, O'Dav. 493.

(b) a blow ? : cia ro mebatar ilchatha fria Pilip ... is e in t-icht mor deidenach sai ro scar iltuatha na n-Gréc fria sáire (tr. `das letzte grosse Volk'), Alex. 32. co n-aíb aignig, co n-icht ánraid, co nirt nónbair `with agile grace, with a champion's temper, with the strength of nine,' Metr. Dinds. iv 108.20 .

? To this : bud aurchur' deoraid sin ┐ ni ba hicht urraid, TBC-LL¹ 1289 (but Windisch translates : Freundlichkeit, i.e. 1 icht).

inmuilled

Cite this: eDIL s.v. inmuilled or dil.ie/28789

Forms: t-inmuilled, inmuille, inmuilled, inmuillti, inmuillid, inmuille, inmuilliud, inmuille

n u, and o, m. vn. of 1 inmuillid. n s. (for a s.) in t-inmuilled , Laws iii 420.3 Comm. a s. inmuille, 196.20 Comm. inmuilled, 518.21 Comm. g s. inmuillti, 518.27 Comm. inmuillid, 526.8 Comm. inmuille, 196.19 Comm. d s. inmuilliud, 518.23 . inmuille, 192.x Comm.

act of inciting, instigating, setting on: masa codnach do rine in i.¤, is slan (sic leg.) cu and, Laws iii 518.21 Comm. scuirid meracht a hinmuillti in leth aile de `the excitement of its being set on takes the other half off it,' 518.y Comm. lan fiach ina inmuilliud fo crod indilsid `full fine for inciting it in pursuit of cattle which he had no right to pursue,' 23 Comm. i.¤ comraiti ... i.¤ espa ... i.¤ innndethbir (sic) `intentional incitement ... incitement through idleness ... incitement for unnecessary profit,' 526.14 , 19 , 24 Comm. do comet in con, can ecodnach d'a hinmuilliud, v 492.12 Comm. gach codhniadhtui (leg. codnaigetu) a mbia fer inmuillid, is dlithidhe cu, ┐ gach egcodhniatai a mbia fer inmuillid is inddlithidhe cu, O'Curry 2516 (< Eg. 88, fo. 42ba ).

láth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. láth or dil.ie/29625
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: láith, laith, lātha, lāithe

n o, m. Originally láith i, m. n s. laith, Corm. Y 811. g s. lātha (: Rātha), ZCP viii 334 n. l . n p. lāithe, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 10 § 2.

(a) Frequ. in phrase l.¤ gaile warrior: lāithe gaile Galiān / gabsit inna lāmaibh laigne `Kriegshelden', Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 10 § 2 . ind laith gaile, LU 8262 ( FB 20 ). trí láith gaile, trí laeich, BDD² 949 . airm itát na láith gaile, TBC-LL¹ 5772. diguin laith gaile outrage against a warrior, O'Curry 674 ( H 3.18, 329 ). Aengus Gaibuaibthech lád gaile, Ériu iii 135.5 . ar belaib láth gaile fer ṅHerend, LL 12528 . do ionalat a laochradh ┐ a laith goile, Leb. Gab.(i) i 246.7 . mó a lion do láthaibh goile, TD 27.33 . Incorrectly as compd.: tictis . . . a lathgaile, Fen. 112.18 . ALC i 412.24 = lath gaili `warriors', Ann. Conn. 12.

Without follg. gen. l.¤ warrior: l.¤ .i. laoch, O'Cl. láech bas ansu . . . nó l.¤ bas luinniu, LU 4840 ( TBC-I¹ 350 ). TBC-LL¹ 850. airm itát na laith aníar, / bérait toilg trisin cath sair, 5773 . co Belach Líac na l.¤ ngle, Metr. Dinds. iii 450.13 . lāth Elggae, aue Luirc Loīguiri, Ält. Ir. Dicht., ii 7 § 2 . sceo lathaib, 18 § 1. do lonnaib l.¤ is gaile, LL 259b1 ( IT iii 528 § 35 ).

For lúan láith warrior's moon, see 2 lúan. Cf. gin eneclann, gin daimh, lath ┐ fine, O'Curry 2489 ( Eg.88, 39(40)d ).

(b) Of animals heat, rutting : céin bess meracht a latha . . . orra, Laws iii 558.x . In phr. i n-aimsir (aimseraib) láith in rutting season : im muccullach for mucc(h)u .i. i n-aimsir laith, Laws i 144.6 Comm . a n-aimsir laith, v 152.6 . buirb anindle i n-aimseruib laith, 268.20 . As vn. in re . . . i mbit ac laith, v 154.y Comm . bid ag lath, no bis lath orra, 270.7 Comm . Of a human (in a spell): fon-riug do lath, UCR 32 .

Note also: lath .i. lúth .i. iarsinní lúthas, Corm. 27 . láith .i. dēde fordangair .i. lāith gail ┐ lāith med, Corm. Y 811.

Compds. With nouns: ¤buiden: trī liic lāthbuidne, Ériu viii 156.28 . ¤buille: heó óir . . . fris mben lúthu láthbulli, LU 8675 ( FB 51. `against which his bosom heaves, beating in full strokes', Henderson ITS ii p. 63 ). Cf. with basgadh(?): ge magh lán a long gan lathbhasgad, Rel. Celt. ii 286.28 .

lochad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lochad or dil.ie/30437

vn. formation from 1 luch. in luchgabail a l.¤ `catching mice when mousing', Laws iii 296.8 Comm . meracht a l.¤ `excitement in mousing', 9 Comm .

1 luch

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 luch or dil.ie/30896
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: lochadh, lochthadh, L., Lochad

n usually t and nt, f. with loch- in obl. cases. Perh. orig. vocalic stem as the alternation u/o is unexplained (see GOI 206. See also ZCP xxviii 70 - 1 ), and the dental does not appear in the archaic compds. ¤gabháil, ¤donn (infra). In later lang. ā, f. So IGT Decl. § 133 , where g p. lochadh is declared faulty, and lochthadh with -th- is required for the `dúnadh'.

Mouse : glenaid l.¤ inna línsam, Thes. ii 293.20 . hinglen l.¤ inna gerchrub, 24 . lúaithidir lochaid (lochait v.l.) iar forgarmain, Corm. Y 1059 . l.¤ i comraínd (term of opprobrium), IT iii 100 § 172 . fuath lochad landai lordai, SR 5431 (`o written over u', n. 0 ). meracht a lochad of the mouse it is chasing (a cat), Laws iii 296.9 Comm . ona lochtaib, O'Dav. 918 . cech mallacht . . . robé forsin lochaid duaid ochair ind libiur-se, KZ xxxi 254.17 . l.¤ fael ┐ sinnach, Todd Nenn. 218.6 . amal charas in l.¤ biad in fidchait, PH 7737 . mani estais na lochtha . . . la tabairt na lochad inna béolu, RC xiii 446.7 . dona lochthuibh, IGT Introd. 22.28 . cidh áilit na lochaidh, BNnÉ 53.28 . aga lionadh do lochaibh fionnfadhachaibh, 26 . in duirb mét lochad, LL 329a43 . ag ithe féola . . . na luiche, Isaiah lxvi 17 . cúig lucha óir, 1 Sam. vi 4 . dál . . . don chat ris an luich, TSh. 2344 . plag lochad ic Galloib ┐ ig Laignip, CS 256.4 . catt re lochaid (of a bad stepmother), ZCP vi 268.6 . lochaidh ag ithe na ngort uile, AFM ii 988.16 . mar bhaighte do cuirfídhe i ttrap chum loch do mharbhadh, Párl. na mB. 1273 . ní mó coin inaitt lochait an oilein sin `rats', Maund. 146.

l.¤ francach rat, l.¤ becc mouse: ithitt féoil cach uile ainmidhi itir lochta frangcacha ┐ lochta becca, Maund. 114 . l.¤ francach gl. rula (Lat. wd. unexpld.), Ir. Gl. 248. Note also: dos-nancatar . . . lochaid Indecda ┐ ethaite aerdha, Alex. 748. luch dall gl. talpa = mole, Ir. Gl. 249.

As n. pr. f. L.¤ , V. SS. Hib. ii 10.y .

In n. loc.: for Ross Lochad , LU 4607 ( TBC-I¹ 138 ). See Hog. Onom.

Compds. ¤gabáil: bla cat luchgabail catching mice, Laws iii 296.7 . ¤donn (¤thonn) but this prob. in origin from *luch ' wolf', thus wolf-brown, wolf-skin Ériu xxxvi 175-76 . In n. pr. Luchdond letrad lecne líach, Metr. Dinds. ii 80.21 . See note ib. p. 108 . Dumae ind Luchduinn, Dinds. 1 ( LL 3890 ). isí fochaid tánaise iar sin .i. in luch donn (leg. Luchdonn) .i. cuilén fúair mac na baintrebthaigi a cúas omna, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 28.6 . See O'Rahilly, EIHM 79 n . Luchdond (-tondd v.l.) cainte fil i nEmain Macha . . . grech in Luchduinn, BDD 54 = Luchton Cáinti . . . gréch ind Luchduind, BDD² 484 - 86 . Cf. in luchthond lámdérg Loegaire, LU 8615 ( FB 46 . luch donn, Eg.). ¤thigern: ro ṡaltair forin Luchthigern (of a woman), LL 6285 ( ZCP xxiv 141 § 33 ).

mer

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mer or dil.ie/31981
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: mear, mir

o, ā. adj. used chiefly of persons, apparently off one's head, demented, crazy , both of temporary condition due to excitement, intoxication, anger, etc., and of permanent quality; in heroic lit. applied to warriors (often in unfavourable sense foolhardy, rash ); in Laws to the insane or half-witted. In late lit. often used in a complimentary sense spirited, lively, agile ; see IGT Dec. § 65 ( mear . . . ó chéill in mholta).

(a) Of persons: m.¤ .i. mo a ír .i. a ferg, Corm. Y 907. mear .i. iarsinní bís a ænur isin allt a mbí .i. ina meracht ┐ ina ænur téit. quasi merulus .i. lon ... quod volat solus ┐ ni bí én aile cid dia cheniul féin ina coemtecht, Corm. 31 = mér, Corm. Y § 890 . mer .i. merulus .i. lon, CIH ii 633.16 . fonrālaig mairb mesctha mir at our wit's end (?), SR 3579 (n p m. for a p.). dia n-essib cor bo m.¤ , Metr. Dinds. ii 24. comdar mera mescda, YBL 138a28 . tibir cech m.¤ `every madcap is a laughing-stock', Tec. Corm. § 13.15 . drūth cech mer `recklessness is foolish', Ir. Prov. 84.9 = Ériu ix 47 § 20 ( LL 147b39 ). cid dotgní m.¤, a mic legind? what drives you mad? MacCongl. 47.28 . rogain mir `a madman's choice', Metr. Dinds. iii 84. ni luadh mir (i.e. incredible statement), Leb. Cert. 170.4 . ra toebh leicne merlaīch mhir, Moling § 18. gasruidh m.¤ active, spirited , Irish Texts ii 33 § 18. nert sloigh láinmhir, IGT Dec. ex. 352. comhartha an mār-mir Macha `great warrior' (? madman), MR 226.12 . gníomh ainnirtag ollamh mhear `a crazy poet', Content. xxvii 5. Of women: in m.¤ mend (of Macha of Emain), Metr. Dinds. iv 128 . don mnaí théithmir, ib. Compar. Midlúachair miriu cech maín ` sprightlier ', Metr. Dinds. iii 282. ni ḟaca laoch . . . budh mōrrda is budh mire, LL 396.2 . fear fa mire is fa cliste san gcomhlann nimblest, fastest , Keat. Poems 209. is miride cruaidh fabhairt, steel is the nimbler for tempering, Dánfhocail 12 § 60.

(b) of the mentally deficient: oinmhit .i. m.¤ nó baeth, IT iii 276. fear fris ro scara[d] a cond .i. duine mear, Laws v 234. 28 Comm. na mir ┐ na hecodnaig, i 86.21 . cuimrech in duine mir (.i. fo tabur in dluighe fulla), 300.10 , 11 . cor mire contract of a mad woman, 52.2 . m.¤ gan rath (a class of `drúth'), H 3.18 p. 423a ( O'Curry 892 ).

(c) of animals: tarb maeth mer, Metr. Dinds. iv 338. delb dhoim allaid . . . mhir, LB 124b1 = Keat. iii 2039. eascaire . . . inn aighi mir `mad cow', Laws iii 272.12 . Mide magen na marc mer spirited, mettlesome , Metr. Dinds. ii 42. eich maithe meara, Cog. 112.5 .

(d) common epithet of sea: cusin muir m.¤ , LL 136a49 . Cog. 178.25 . tar tonnaib in mara mir, Lism. L. 3819. ar thonnuib mera in mara, Ériu ii 92.12 . fairge mhear, Keat. Poems 1462. mire 'náit na mōrthonda (of a chieftain), ZCP viii 221 § 48.

(e) of abstracts, actions, etc. wild, rash, precipitate, etc.: m.¤ is nír chond ceille in col, LL 33a38 . don mortlaid malartuind mir raging , 132b48 . Cath Glinne Mama is mór m.¤ , Cog. 112.18 . roga romer ` eager' (? extravagant, fantastic ), Metr. Dinds. i 6. togla, tána, . . . áera, rúne romera `keen riddles' (? rash purposes or designs), iii 20 . Eochaidh mac R. an rūin mhir, LL 394.16 . ropo m.¤ a nnert, 33a41 . treb Beniamín co mbrig mir, LB 124b9 = Keat. iii 2047. uabhar mer, IGT Dec. ex. 880. ní rád m.¤ no wild (incredible) statement, LU 3035 , cf. ní m.¤ , ZCP viii 113 § 1. criss arcait, ni haicde m.¤ `no paltry (? hastily finished, scamped) work', Fianaig. 14.2 . imchosnam in míre mir `the contest for the coveted portion', Metr. Dinds. iv 180 (epithet prob. transferred from imchosnam = the mad contest for the portion). matin mir, O'Mulc. 268 (`on a bright morning' < Lat. merus, Stokes; perh. wild, gusty ).

Compds.

(a) with adj. forming a dwanda compd. or in adverbial relation: ¤amnas, ZCP viii 264 § 21. ¤borb, CCath. 5791. ¤calma, 1928 . ¤dána, 347 . ¤glé: gen mergle a scion bold and bright (?), LL 134b7 = Todd Nenn. 246. ¤trén, CCath. 1928. ¤uallach, SR 6686. With adj. formed from subst.: oclach . . . meardālach brisk in encounter, Cog. 170.19 . meardhuaiseach swift (impulsive) in bounty , Keat. Poems 738. mermenmnach, ZCP vi 32.12 . xiii 217.12 .

(b) with subst.: ¤ág ` furious battle ', Gorm. July 10. ¤aicme: mac Mugroin mir-aicme, LL 394.45 . ¤aichne: trí comartha tirdachta .i. immargal ┐ immarbág ┐ m. `mistaking one person for another (?)' (? muddle-headedness), Triads 229. Samhradh na meraithne . . . ni aithned neach caem nō cara ann `Summer of the Aberration', AU iii 130.6 , cf. AFM iv 896. Finghin . . . do mharbhadh lá a bhráithribh tre mhearaithne by mistake , AFM ii 1104.5 . ¤bhuinne Muaidhe swift stream, torrent , Ériu viii 135.28 . ¤cenn ` mad-head', epithet of sea: tar muir meircenn, Trip. 34.5 ; 448.21 (meircend). Lism. L. 302. meirceann .i. mear, O'Cl. ¤clann: tar merchlainn Ghaoidel, O'Gr. Cat. 456.13. ¤dánacht recklessness , Fianaig. 70.2 . merdhánacht (oppd. to críndacht), Luc. Fid. 143.14 . ¤dántas, id. Ó Héodhusa 225. meardhortadh, TSh. 6636. ¤ghasradh, AFM v 1652.9 . ¤gním a rash deed , Gorm. 14. ¤grád infatuation: (with obj. gen.) éd tre mer-grádh a mná, ZCP viii 108 z . mear-ghrádh na meirdreach, TSh. 5514. ¤gus: co m. garg, LL 137b16 . go m. dían, ZCP x 24.28 . co mēd meargosa, MR 136.24 . ¤laithe: i mmerlaithib errchaidib blustering days, Hib. Min. 66.36 . ¤lasad: a ṡúile ar merlasadh wildly flashing, Ériu v 180.300 . ZCP vi 278.27 . ¤línad: dochóidh gus an mbairille púdair . . . do merlíonadh a mhiosúr ` quickly (? rashly) replenish ', AFM vi 2072. ¤ṡáile `brackish water', AFM v 1626.7 . ¤scál: cland in merscáil móir (of Mile), ZCP xiii 364.2 , cf. Leb. Gab.(i) i 176.11 . ¤tonn, RC xxix 142.2 . ¤tretell: in mertretill ┐ in rind agha (of Ascanius), Aen. 2364.

(c) rarely with vb.: do merlabhair an muir talked wildly, raved , CF 736. ro merlasadur a shuili, ZCP vi 58.21 (see merlasad above).

meracht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. meracht or dil.ie/31988

Forms: mherracht

n ā, f., (mer) mental or emotional disturbance, excitement, derangement . m.¤ quasi mer-icht . . . .i. gnimh mer, Corm. Y 891. m.¤ a herma the madness of its gallop (of a horse), Laws iii 180.19 Comm. m.¤ a nuidlechais `the excitement of her new milk' (of a cow), 228.16 Comm. , cf. v 152.13 Comm. meisce merachta sain ┐ noco meisci lenna, iii 202.3 Comm. ro soerad Nabcudón . . . don meracht forsa mbui, RC xii 436 § 44 . ar na líonadh . . . do dhíomus ┐ do mhersacht `being elated with pride and ambition', TFrag. 158 (leg. mherracht).

nuidlechas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. nuidlechas or dil.ie/33355

n o, m. state of a cow after calving: cid fodera go sguirinn ni do boin, nuithlechus do beith uirre?, H 3.18 p. 632 b ( O'Curry 1395 ). meracht a nuidlechais, Laws iii 228.16 .

tafann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tafann or dil.ie/39498
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: tofond, taifneadh

n o, n. ( Thurn. Hdb. § 723 ). vn. of do-seinn. O. Ir. tofond. o, m. (g p. taifneadh), IGT Decl. § 173.

The original meaning is perhaps barking at, hence hunting (Lat. sonare, etc., see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 625 and meaning (d) infra).

(a) hunting (with dogs): con accamar na mmil-chona oc toffund, TBFr. 195 . oin con fri tofund `the loan of a hound to hunt with,' Laws v 278.5 . com-luatha ... fri conaib oc taffond, IT i 72.11 . coin taffaind cossa na nág, LL 14b12 = BB 42a23 . gadhar tathfuinn, PBocht 3.19 . nosmarbtais immorro Dóilīn ┐ Daithlend cach toffond arúair ar a mbēlaib side .i. dā choin Maele Fothartaig, RC xiii 377.21 . Hunting (animals) in general: tosessa lais clóenmíla Cernai. ní accai corroscaig a tofond, LU 6749 ( BDD² 249 ). dochoid do thafand, Anecd. i 9.3 . toffund dóib cech oen-lá dochum in dúine, TBFr. 153 . oc tafhann i sléibh Ída, TTr.² 344 . mas ar t.¤ ro fogladh [in fiad] ... meracht a tafaind, Laws iii 458.8 , 10 . gair tafaind, ZCP x 415.28 .

(b) pursuing, putting to flight (enemies, etc.): dia luid duaid for longais re saul luide iarum dia thofun (sic leg. , MS. thosun, see ? toṡun), Ml. 55c1 . dobeir Cu Chulaind tafond for in tóir, LU 10464 . dorat íartain tafhonn ndermáir forsna slúaghv, TTr.² 1416 . hi fuba do grega ... .i. corguinecht no tothfond foro co mbrister (of scaring horses), Laws i 164.14 Comm. Petar ... dogníd-son ... tafand démnu, PH 1735 . lomnocht dodheachaidh sé sonn | dom thochradh is dom thafonn, BS 8.14 . maille ré t.¤ do dhéanamh ar gach dobhuidhin dá mbí istigh, TSh. 8763 . Cf. amail cach ṅdluig tafaind tind | guin ind ḟind i ṅgrafaind gall, LL 33a16 . gan tlas tafaind ger bo trom | bas na ṅdonn a ngrafaind gall, BB 57a22 .

(c) chasing out, expelling, banishing: arna tofund don Morrigain ... a sidh ar Femin, Anecd. ii 6.19 . iar n-a t.¤ do Niall a hEirind, LL 393b6 . Rathan na nóemh ro charsam | ... | ar tafonn as nír charsam, BNnÉ 313.25 . macnas na hanma do th.¤ a horlár aigeanta an duine, TSh. 8723.

(d) barking (usually of dogs) ag tathfann go dána 'san t-síúbhal, Oss. iv 248.12 . go ndiongnadh a ghadhar t.¤ air, Desid. 5190 . atáid uile ina madruighibh balbha, ni féduid tathfann, Isaiah lvi 10 . tuar tuirse t.¤ a lámh the jarring notes of his fingers (a harper), Measgra D. 6.15 . ar ttabhann don thtriath tar nemh ` importuning ,' Rel. Celt. ii 258.9 . Cill Mhíchíl go díomhaoin ag t.¤ ` expostulating ,' Ó Bruad. i 164.