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abacc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. abacc or dil.ie/19
Last Revised: 2013

n o, m. (see Vendr. Lex. and Études Celt. xxiv 185 ) dwarf. In native glossaries derived from 1 ab (cf. Ériu xvi 38.4 cited below and We. afanc beaver), but the exx. do not support the meaning castor (Vendr.). abac .i. ab aband ┐ bac beg; bec bīs i n-aibnib é. Nó becc a á .i. a airde, Corm. Y 83 . a.¤ .i. bec abae, ar is a n-aibnib bit, ut dicitur: Tuatha a.¤ usce uair gluair conanat in gach dail, O'Mulc. 3 . a.¤ .i. bec adbae fobith senbic frith is in boind, O'Curry 123 ( H 3.18, 74 - 5 ) (referring to the story of Senbec, RC vi 182 ; Ériu xiii 26 ). in t-aboc o Rus chaem Chas / noco n-é a taeb as imda .i. fota, LU 1029 (ACC). doluid in t-abac . . ./ . . ./ co romarbsat in abacc / fo a cossaib iar crín-amarc / ó lecht ind abaic-sin síar, Metr. Dinds. i 18.69 . a.¤ Pátraic, Trip.² 1905 . ro tṡillestar sí ar in n-abhacc .i. Cnú deireoil, Acall. 6000 . mar do bemais 'nar lenbaib bliadne nó 'nar n-abhcaibh beca, 5927 v.l. Lecht ind Abaicc (one of the monuments of Tara), LL 3843 (cf. lige). lige in abuic, Todd Nenn. 200.1 . mac Mēin in t-aphac bec aon-dhuine is lugha a ufianaib Ēreann, Feis Tighe Chonáin 255 . abac do fuair Fionn ferda, SG 108.6 . Cronán abhacc ab Cluana mic Nóis, TFrag. 94.9 = Cronán becc, AFM i 296.6 . cruitín no abhac, Levit. xxi 20 . abhac `a dwarf', Eg. Gl. 27 . Associated with luchorpán: doloto(ta)r lucorpain dond rig . . . atgege fergus fair . . . eolas fobarta fo muirib . . . rotbia ar int a.¤ acht aen ar[a]cuillimm airiut loch rudrige, Ériu xvi 38.4 ( Laws i 72.6 .) líntar in port forru do demnaibh i ndealbhuibh abhac ┐ luchrapan, Lism. L. 3776 . nān .i. bec, ut dicitur, nanus .i. abac lucharbán, O'Mulc. 828 .

acradaib

Cite this: eDIL s.v. acradaib or dil.ie/231
Last Revised: 2019

n d pl.: corus fine fodlaib selb co na finib aicnedaib ┐ acradaib co neoch arascuiret, Laws iii 16.30 . .i. a mic faesma ┐ a ngoirmic, 32 Comm. ? Leg. ecradaib 'adopted', CB 28 § 17 , cf. in-cuirethar.

adastar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adastar or dil.ie/322

Forms: a.

n o, m. halter: a.¤ gl. capistrum, Ir. Gl. 820 . adastor .i. comsuidiugud o ilrannaib uil and, O'Mulc. 100 . im srian, im all, im adastor, Laws i 124.14 . adbar na mbróg no na nadastor, O'D. 1678 (H. 5.15 p. 28a). a.¤ lāra il-lāim a mare's bridle, IT iii 82 § 64 . [a] a.¤ ┐ a ellach / d'imin úr, MacCongl. 81.3 . agastar agarb iarrainn / atá ar chenn in eich sin, SG 260.15 . m'aghastar ón m'agastar / . . . / gid bó dhub chuiredh nech ionn / do bud bó fhionn i gcédáir, 249.4 . g s. as attrib. haltered, bridled: sē mīli ech n-adhustoir led horses(?), ZCP xiii 12.11 . bo adhastair as gach creich, BNnÉ 202 § 42 . As a nick-name: Mac mic girr an adhastair, AU iii 32.8 .

1 ad-cumaing

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ad-cumaing or dil.ie/411

Forms: adcumaing, atchomaing, ad-comaicc, -ecmaic, -ecmaing, ecmaiṅger, -ecmongar, adcoimced, adcoimged, -ecm(a)i, -ecma, adchomga, -ecmonga, ad-comnaicc, ecmong, ad-comnaicc, adh-comnaccair, adcæmnacair, ecomnechair, atacomcussa, adcomchaissem, -ecmaingsem, adcomcisset, adcoimcaiset, at comgaisit, ecmong, -ecmaic, -ecmaing, ecmong

v (*in-com-icc). Indic. pres. 3 s. adcumaing, Ml. 19c11 . atchomaing, 24c16 (with inf. pron.). ad-comaicc, BDD² 1475 . See GOI p. 354 . Prot. -ecmaic, -ecmaing, used in Mid. Ir. in absolute position in sense (b) below. ?Pass. ecmaiṅger, Ériu vii 6.21 = -ecmongar, 199.7 (in sense of con-icc?). ? Impf. 3 s. adcoimced, LU 7993 ( = ad-comaicc, BDD² 1528 ). adcoimged, O'Mulc. 578 ( = adcomced, Rawl. 108b 37 ). Subj. pres. 3 s. -ecm(a)i, -ecma, Wb. 5b35 , Ml. 15d5 , LU 5855 . Later adchomga, Ériu vii 168.8 . -ecmonga, ii 122 § 62 . pret. and perf. are not distinguished, the most usual form being the 3 s. ad-comnaicc with inf. pron. as verb of existence (see (b) below). Apart from this construction special pret. forms occur mainly in the sense strikes , which is not found in the vn. ecmong (see (a) below). In the other meanings the pres. is frequently used as a historic tense (cf. Études Celt. iii 232 ). pret. 3 s. ad-comnaicc ( happened ), BDD² 1478 (see note.) With depon. inflexion adh-comnaccair, 1477 . adcæmnacair, TBC-I¹ 2248 . ? ecomnechair, ZCP viii 307.25 . As s-pret. 1 s. atacomcussa, LU 9388 . 1 pl. adcomchaissem, Ériu ii 122 § 62 . -ecmaingsem, Fél. Ep. 7 ( -ecmaicsim, O'Dav. 775 ). 3 pl. adcomcisset, Wb. 4d13 . adcoimcaiset, Trip.² 1648 . at comgaisit , O'Curry 2022 ( H 4.22, 49 ).

Vn. ecmong.

There are two meanings, (a) strikes (trans.), (b) happens . As prot. -ecmaic -ecmaing and vn. ecmong are found only in sense (b), and the s-pret. (found in O. Ir. glosses) only in sense (a) there may have been two distinct compound verbs. See, however, MU² 1049 and Ériu v 242.153 cited below under (a). But sense (b) could have arisen from sense (a), where, on the other hand, a compd. of icc could have been influenced by or conflated with boingid or a compd. thereof. Treated as one vb. by Pedersen Vgl. Gr. (ii 555) and Thurn. ( GOI 354 ).

(a) strikes, cuts: adcomcisset ilbéim friss, Wb. 4d13 . atchomaing friagitofil `he struck it against A.,' Ml. 24c16 . roáil .i. adcumaing gl. inimicorum ora pulsavit, 19c10 , 11 . adcoimcaiset crandú fri scíathu, Trip.² 1648 . atascomaing for oenchlaich he slew them on the same stone, SR 5320 . atacomoṅg dooenbeim, 6920 . díbaircid dí conda-ecmaic, MU² 1049 . manid in Leuidan . . . ad-comaicc a erball do thochur in beatha, BDD² 502 . adcomaing cach fer dīb biur n-indamsa, adcomchusa a mbiursa (leg. mo biur-sa?) tria cechtarde seom, TBC-I¹ 2825 . is and atcomaic ruadan in dub themrach (.i. cloc) isin tellach, LB 260b29 = adcomaing, YBL 136a27 . co necmaing a ceand dia suidiu `shore his head from off him', Ériu v 242.153 (to be referred to (b)?).

(b) happens, chances (frequ. in O. Ir. glosses in subjunct. with neg. glossing Lat. nē: coníecmi nádnairchissa gl. ne forte nec tibi parcat, Wb. 5b35 . Ml. 15d5 , 121c13 , 122b5 . KZ xxix 372 . nad n-ecma nad benur do chend dít, LU 5855 (TBC.2 1384). mad dia n-ecma nach ceallach if any dissension arises, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919, 92 § 17 . tar crich aranecmai a saíd bre ca[i]ch on which somebody's property happens to be(?), Laws i 78.18 . ad-comnaiccc (sic) corthi cloiche foa chosaib Meic C. there happened to be, BDD² 1478 . ad-cumaing an abhann ina tuinn amail robhaoi riamh, Ériu xiii 13.6 . co n-ecmaing a tul immon n-all so that his forehead struck against the cliff, LU 8934 . ecmaic aroli fer chucca, PH 929 . eacmaing Fint dia tofund happened to go hunting them, ZCP viii 105.9 . The form ecmaing, ecmaic it happens (-ed) occurs with various constructions: ecmaing is dó nach terc ní, ZCP vii 269 § 14 . adcumbec bid mairb dia mairt, xiii 376 n. 7 ( iii 462, xx 223 ). ecmaic boí a chlaideb hi farrad Fergusa, LU 5405 ( TBC-I¹ 927 ). ecmaing . . . cocualutur ni, Fél.² cxxviii 22 . ecmaing nocha n-erbert riam, Anecd. ii 69.4 . eacmaing a bhaí ana . . . do breith dolēic, ZCP xiii 172.18 (TBFr.).

With inf. pron. lit. it has happened to x (to be), hence as verb of existence, the whole group usually being tantamount to a personal pron. (see GOI 480 ): cindas persine attotchomnicc what kind of person art thou? Wb. 6b 13 . Setanta mac Sualtaim atomchomnaicse, LU 4892 ( TBC-I¹ 405 ). ardchaerich adobcomnaic-si ye are mighty sheep, Anecd. i 41.25 . na haiti rosnaltadar ┐ na dá Maine ... ┐ ata-comnaicsi fa-deisin and she herself, BDD² 106 . dogairet i[n]na h-uile Érennaig atotchomnaicc are calling thee, Trip.² 258 . ní mó na mod maccáin lee atacaemnaic, TBC-LL¹ 1632 (in dar le ni mo ina meid mic bhic boi ann, St.) ?atamchomnaic dirgitetaid mo Crist cumachtaig, LU 1152 (ACC). di glain gil atacomnaicc it is (made) of clear crystal, 2039 ( FA 11 ). atacaemhnacair osse . . . merdána, CCath. 347 v.l. laoch amra . . . Art C. atacomhnaic to wit, Hugh Roe 14.12 . In colophon: finit Dubaltach Firbisigh adomcomhnvic, Goid. 79 . Note also: atacomnaic mac laiside .i. Néde, RC xxvi 8.4 . i ndomnach adcoemnaccair Día in sássad nemda .i. in maind, Ériu ii 198.12 (cf. do-indnaig).

2 ad-cumaing

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 ad-cumaing or dil.ie/412

Forms: -acmai, -acmaicet

v A verb (*ad-com-icc-) distinct from 1 ad-cumaing (*in-com-icc-) seems indicated by the vnn. accmaing, tacmang (q.v.).? ath cumaing cach deistidh dithle, O'Curry 2497 (Eg., 40(41)c ). Prot. forms rare. Cf. subj. pres. 3 s. -acmai, O'Curry 58 ( H 3.18, 21a ) (bad spelling of -ecmai (1 ad-cumaing)?). Indic. pres. 3 pl. cia ro acmuinget mic a cain cluiche, 1585 (23 Q 6, 1 a) (deriv. of acmang? Bad spelling for ecmainget?); -acmaicet, 468 (H. 3. 18, 246).

Reaches, extends to, attains to: amail atcumaic in clí isin tegdais ō lár co clēithi sic adcomaic airechas in grādha so dianad ainm clí, Corm. Y 275 (= Corm. p. 10 ), cf. Laws iv 358.23 Comm. mad sligi adcumaid (leg. adcuma, ZCP xviii 326 ) ó thír co flaith, Laws iv 278.18 . ? cid duine ada drochma, O'D. 1975 ( Eg. 90, 9(10)a ) (?ada-d-ro-chma, Plummer MS. notes). roth n-óir isin brut . . . adcomaic húa smech cóa imlind, LU 7361 ( BDD² 1000 ). flesc . . . adcomced midlisse in tige, 8736 . atcumaing .i. rainic, ut est Táin; atcumaing iarum Cu Chulainn an abhann, Ériu xiii 64 § 39 . ?uair atacumang sa sein uile `thou art able (to do) all that' (lit. attainest to?), CCath. 4056 (cf. con-icc).

aicce

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aicce or dil.ie/753
Last Revised: 2013

n , f.

(a) nearness, proximity: a.¤ ab accula (leg. accola , Meyer, ZCP xiii 185 ), O'Mulc. 13 . ?rom gab B. . . . cucai for aicci (aicti v.l.) a treibe cor ferad mo théchtae oca because of the nearness of his people(?), Comp. CC 29.12 ( LU 10289 ) (cf. 1 aicde?). In phrase i n-aicci near, beside: his i nn-accai muilenn echtránd no beitis co bráth, Trip.² 2456 . co mbeth mís i n-acci cech fir díb, LL 315b53 . a naici a namat gl. a namait naici, 393a44 . eirigh ar h'ech ┐ cuir in t-ech maith-so a t'aici `take . . . beside thee', ZCP vi 73.34 . airc an Tighearna . . . ┐ an cófra do bhí na haice, 1 Sam. vi 15 . ceiltear neimh glaice gonta / libh i n-aice th' óghachta `in presence of thy virginity', Aithd. D. 59.32 . aice .i. i n-aice. Acall araice Teamhair .i. in aice Teamhrach atá, O'Cl. See ar-aicci. besides, in addition to: geanmnaidheacht i n-aice umhla, PBocht i 6 . is beag an tiomsughadh laidhnea fhoghnus a n-aice an bhromurruis nadurtha very little Latin suffices if added to . . ., 23 I 1, 109 .y . guin an chló do-chuaidh 'n-a throighidh / trom re híoc i n-aice ar ngníomh, DDána 30.11 . ? Also ina aicci in a short while (?): níba hannsae duit són … ’na aicci 'that will not be difficult for you [to know] presently' Immrama 50.837 , ZCP xxxii 121 . With follg. LA: nec[h] ris ar b[f]iu each do breith inaci leis who thought it worth while to bring a led horse with him, Cog. 132.11 . As adv.: ech acam dúib i n-aicce `I have a horse for you hard by', Metr. Dinds. iii 454.49 .

(b) fosterage: hore is na n-aicci atái since it is fostered with them that thou art (`near them', Thes., see O. Ir. Par. and Glosses, 3rd and 4th edd., Vocabulary), Wb. 5b27 . altrom a meic eter [t]heora a.¤ , BDD² 105 . atnoad (ailed, v.l.) Conchubur . . . ol is cét-a.¤ Finnchóem, Comp. CC 8.17 (text?). icht aicce (.i. gnim) ar iss i n-aicci bis in descipul icon aidi, Auraic. 1112 (cf. ZCP xvii 289.21 ) = Corm. Y 88 . bi a mic inmhuin . . . i n-aice do braithrech co mba seitrech (a dying father to his youngest son), LL 386b24 . atat dano da mbaegal naltrama baegal donn athair dia rogha laim dia mac iarna tabairt i naice corop altar manip deithberus, H 3.18, 19aw . dianduca as cin dethbeirus nimbera isin naice sin aitherrach, z. aice .i. aiti nó altrum, ut est urail coimperta i sóaici sochrait . . . ┐ aderr fos trian n-airir i tres n-aici, O'Dav. 137 . aici .i. ucht, ut est conad ragbad mac nó ingen de asa aici, 63 . log na haici, O'Curry 1989 (H 4.22, 25). aice .i. oileamhain, O'Cl.

aicnetae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aicnetae or dil.ie/810

Forms: aicenta, aicned

adj io, iā (aicned). Also aicenta. Some exx. included here may be attrib. g s. of aicned.

(a) natural (as oppd. to artificial, contrived): delb aicnete, Wb. 15b16 . nad rorthatar a rriuth na.¤ noreit(h)is dogres, Ml. 129d4 . in timthrecht naicnedti, 23a18 . inna folud naicneta, Sg. 188a13 . dechor ceníuil aicneti, 61a24 . donaib nephacnataib, Ml. 129d3 . in chonar aicenta . . . conar iarsa n-imthiget doine, ┐ conar saerda in chonar fugill, Cóic Con. 25.2 . fid aicenta fid na cailli ┐ fid saerda fid ind ogoim, Auraic. 855 . co na finib aicnedaib .i. a mic ┐ a nua, Laws iii 16.29, y Comm. don brig aicenta, Laws i 36.6 Comm. for ana[d] aiginta an tseoit, ii 18 z Comm. a foesum aicintu, 30.2 Comm. comorba aicinta natural heir (as opp. to an official successor), O'Curry 2318 ( Eg. 88 fo. 24 (25)c ). a aen Meic aicinta inn Athar neamda `only-begotten son', Ir. Lit. 2.9 . ina sosad aicenta `into its natural station', BColm. 54.30 . is . . . aigeanta imchubhaidh do'n ealadainsi, MR 94.13 . nach aitheóntaoi beitheadhach droigheachta seach beitheadhach aicenta, Atlantis iv 172.9 . d'fhaghbhail t-síraidheachta in bhréntuis t-suthain ┐ na pian n-aicinta, ITS xxix 128.21 . mairg thugas neamhshuim a dteangainn fhíoraiginnta a dhuthaoi féin, O'Gr. Cat. 219.24 . laithe aicenta the natural day (24 hours) (as oppd. to l. sáerda (12 hours) the working day): a lobad ar cach laithe naicinta, Laws ii 4.15 Comm. laithi aicenta ┐ da laithi soérda, Ériu xi 46.17 . do'n ogh-laithi aigeanta, MR 106.11 . fri re laithe aicenta, AFM iii 42.9 . fín aicneta, see s.v. 1 fín.

(b) spirited, courageous: ris in rigraid n-arnaid n-aiccendta n-allata, TTebe 706 . ceithri ceathramna certa / um ronn is rádh n-aigenta, IGT Decl. ex. 308 . See also compounds of 1 ard with adjj.

aidbden

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aidbden or dil.ie/828

Forms: aidben

Also aidben? Vn. of ad-feid (see Bürgschaft 23 , ZCP xviii 380 ).

(a) act of leading to, towards; setting something in motion: nach dal, nach a.¤ tonut-fuichfither any preparation, Bürgschaft 22 § 65 (b) (Veranstaltung?). frisna gnimu sin ┐ na haidbdena, 23 § c .

(b) Used of a person belonging to a noble grade whose function is to represent his kin in dealings with a higher lord, especially the king, or with members of an outside túath (see Bürgschaft, etc. above): combi lánchongnam i túaith do aidbdenaib, do noillechaib, do gi[u]ll, do gíall, do chairdiu tar cenn ceníuil tar crích i tech flatha, Críth G. 412 . do-beir cenel a slan na n-aidbhean .i. in tan nach biadh tobach. boaire medonach sin ┐ is edh gabus do laimh, dul tar ceann na tuaithe re cach nduine amach ┐ dul re laimh im cach ní dlighfit amuigh do tobach doibh the family pays the fine of the a. when a seizure has not taken place (i.e. when the a.¤ has not been able to recover the debt and has paid himself) O'D. 2287 ( Rawl. B 506, 26v1-2 ) ( ZCP xviii 380 ). Classed amongst the etarḟlaithi: rannait aitiri an da trian n-aile i tri .i. trian do flaith, trian do fine, trian do etarflaithib ┐ do iteraibh. trian na n-etarflaithe ┐ na n-etere, ranntair trian de do muire rechtgi doda-fet a tegh ri[g], a trian do aitiribh, a trian n-aill do aidhbenaibh na tuaithi do roinn co haenscrepall (of property of a deceased person), Bürgschaft 62.7 (Ériu i 215). ata aithech eirnis amal flaith fer son iii n-aidben, fer do-rata athair ┐ a senathair gell tar cenn a aicme, O'Curry 885 ( H 3.18, 396a ). tathat lim . . . logh do sinnsire tūs aidhbdhen tus ea[r]labhra, ZCP xii 365.14 ( tusn-aidbsina, Laws iv 372.12 . See aidbsiu). aidhbhean .i. adhbha dhíona, O'Cl. adhben .i. itercian bit dono adbena uasal .i. taoisich na tuaithe cach uais araile coruici righ, O'Dav. 185 (hence: aidhbeil (leg. aidhben, ed., aidh bhen, v.l.) .i. cian, Metr. Gl. 19 § 59 . aidhbhean .i. imchían nó fada, O'Cl.).

(c) the leading troops, vanguard (of an army): rushudhigsed sudhiugud fir fria n-aidpheana / fria sluaghadha fri cuanghala fria chaipdeana, Ériu xvi 180 § 9 . nicon reilgi a hiath aidhben / cūan nō caibden dia horgoin advance troops . . . to plunder her, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. v 1919, 93 § 31 (`aus fernem Land'). cengsat siar . . . ond Athain, aidben anair a troop from the east, Metr. Dinds. iii 4.35 (cf. aidhmen .i. deoraid, citing this ex., Ériu xiii 63 § 30 ). ?ciarb aidben leó fácbat sund / Cairmen . . ., Metr. Dinds. iii 6.63 . aidhbhean .i. olc no deoraidh, O'Cl. Hence as synonym of écht slaying, slaughter: mor d'echtaib ┐ d'aidbenaib, H 3.18 , 726.15 . slan a mhenman dechtaib ┐ daidhbenaibh dfhaghbháil forra, ITS xlii 302.y . robtar mince iomda a ccatha . . . a n-aidhbena for a mbiodhbhadhaibh, AFM vi 2280.9 .

(d) of Cú Chulainn's toys, playthings (cf. aidemm?): focheird a adbena uile riam acht a liathroit nammá, TBC-LL¹ 1018 . focheird a adbena ániusa uli úad, 1076 . gab icc athgarddigud na sliged reme da adbenaib ániusa, 1017 . mar benar a aidhbhena āiniusa ┐ imāna a lāmhaibh mic bhig, RC xiv 265 § 59 . Note also: ni haidhbhen etraib im Glend Ochaine sund, TBC(C) 425 (= cian, TBC-LL¹ , TBC St.

2 ail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 ail or dil.ie/955

Forms: oil, oil, oili

n f. g s. -e Also oil. oil f. (g s. and n p. oili), IGT Decl. § 14 . Prob. same word as 1 ail, see Marstrander, Lochlann ii 207 .

(a) disgrace, reproach; act of reproaching: a.¤ .i. imdergad, O'Dav. 64 . a.¤ .i. aindsearg (-serc?), Stowe Gl. 201 . a.¤ .i. athais. a.¤ .i. náireach, O'Cl. mó alib (mou álib, LB) imdergad Emnae, Corm. Tr. 110.7 . forsin mnai dodechaid dott aíl who came to insult you, LL 273b47 . m'a.¤ ┐ m' airbire, Acall. 4502 v.l. teccait āigid, fācboit a.¤ , ZCP xii 292.9 . eochair aile opad a refusal is the cause of reproach, ZCP vi 270 § 6 . co mbad a.¤ ┐ co mbad athis for Ultaib, TBC-LL¹ 1586 . bec lat-su a.¤ (sic leg.) form-sa ┐ forsind eclais, MacCongl. 35.9 . `gail chon ar othrach' a a.¤ ar laechḟoirnib Laigen, MR 124.3 . tucastar a.¤ ┐ aithis ar an óclach ele, Acall. 1348 . cáinthear mé nó do gheibhim oil nó athais, Desid. 2205 . nach ffuair tathaoír na toibheim a.¤ no athais, AFM v 1822.19 . ní fhúigfead-sa an oil sin ar mo fhine, ML 106.4 . fir . . . nach [uar] a.¤ , DDána 87.9 . gé do bhí d'Fhearghus 'n-a oil / meabhal mic Fhachtna Fháthaigh, Aithd. D. 8.11 . ní breis aoire ná oile `profit springing not from base abuse', Ó Bruad. ii 238.5 . oil oll .i. aithis mhór, Keat. ii 4378 . ?Attrib. g s. corp oile `an evil body' Aithd. D. 62.14 . In cheville: Jacōb mac Ailphi cen a.¤ , Ériu iii 196 § 17 . clu cen a.¤ , MR 46.11 . In phrase a.¤ bréithre verbal insult: acht a.¤ brethri do ḟacbáil forro co bráth conna turgebtais a n-aigthe la Gaedelu, RC viii 50.10 . is teidmech ind a.¤ breithre facbaisiu for in tírse, Dinds. 127 ( RC xvi 79 ). a.¤ brethri do tabairt air fein, Cog. 146.13 . in oil bréithre tuc M. air `the verbal affront', Caithr. Thoirdh. 135.15 . digliunn a n-ail ailib cainib . . . a.¤ briathra do reir sin, O'Dav. 631 . In physical sense blemish, defect: is oll in a.¤ fil forsin fer (expl. of name Ailill), Cóir Anm. § 41 .

(b) Name of a type of satire (`insult', Jn. Celt. Stud. i 204 ): cis lir fodla aire . . . a tri .i. aisnes ┐ a.¤ ┐ aircetal, BB 299a6 (= Jn. Celt. Stud. i 201 ). a.¤ . . . .i. a.¤ leasanma lenas do neoch no athais mbretri, 12 (ib.). atait secht cinela aire . . . a.¤ suthuin, Laws v 228.y . an a.¤ suthain ┐ an les-ainm lenas, 234.7 Comm. a.¤ suthain, Ériu xiii 37.11 . conderntáis . . . téora glamma dícend go tócbaitís teora bolga bar a agid, a.¤ ┐ anim ┐ athis, TBC-LL¹ 3020 .

(c) misfortune (esp. of death or wounding in battle): mor marb, mór atbai, mór a.¤ atcūinfet Gaoideil, ZCP xiii 381.8 (Baile in Scáil). mór a.¤ atbath ind ríí, 14 (id.). dighail cath A. i n-ebbela cach amra firfid a.¤ uchbad, ZCP xii 232 § 43 (id.). cach a ngontais, cían ind a.¤ (cheville), Metr. Dinds. iii 164.11 . Perh. also: ag díon a oighreachda ar oil / meinic do dhearg a ndebhthoibh / lann . . ., O'Hara 3055 . díogha gaisgidh goin ar ghoin / oil i n-aisgidh ní fhaghthoir, Aithd. D. 74.2 .

Cf. ailbéimm and 2 ailech.

airchinnech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airchinnech or dil.ie/1719
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: oirchinneach

n o, m. (airchinn?). oirchinneach m. IGT Decl. § 22 . head, leader, superior: is hé as a.¤ inna n-uile gl. Deus, Wb. 4c3 . ropsa a.¤ isin dán sin, 18c15 . nípsí bes a.¤ gl. neque dominari, 28b14 . óin di airchinchib assiæ insin `he is one of the leaders of A.', 7b11 . corrup hæ bes oena.¤ gl. primatum tenens, 26d2 . airchinneach .i. archendach, arcos graece, excelsus latine a.¤ er-cend-óg, ūasal-cend-comlān, Corm. Y 65 . Of a pope: is é . . . airchindech ro bae hi Roim . . . Célestinus, Trip.² 288 . do airchindeach an tighe, RC ix 468.8 . inghen airchinnigh in mhuilinn, Lism. L. 4169 . do airchinnchib na sacart gl. principibus sacerdotum, Rawl. B. 512 fo. 72a (Plummer MS. notes). comtís airchindich oc tinól cech ráeta, TTr.² 310 . in mir ata on aircinniuch don caisleoir, Laws ii 232.12 Comm. airchinnig etrócair, LU 2176 . Satan airchindech iffirn ┐ taisech in báis, PH 3818 . mo chorp . . . atá oirchinneach olc ann, Dán Dé xxix 4 .

Name of a monastic office, anglicised erenagh . See Kenney, Sources for the Early Hist. of Ireland i p. 12 n. 17 . Administrator (of ecclesiastical land, monastic estate) Ríocht na Midhe viii 9-10 , Peritia iii 259 . Later a purely lay office, see Reeves Ad. p. 364 . cech airchindech fritái in lessa doboing .i. bís ind-agaid in ordaigthi sea nō ac nach bí ind eclas hé 'each erenach who opposes the dues he levies,(?) that is, who is against this ordinance or to whom the church does not belong' Ériu i 219 § 7 . a.¤ Cille moire Enir do sharugud ┐ D. a seccnap do ghuin, AU i 310.1 . Scothine a.¤ Dairmaighi `erenagh of Durrow', 466.x. Colla a.¤ Innsi Cathaigh, 502.12 . M. fosairchinnech aird Macha `vice-herenagh', 576.3 . a réir in apad . . . .i. in airchinnig, O'Dav. 154 . epscop ardd ná airchendach, Trip.² 2531 . ceall a mbi airchindech laich cen cairiuga[d] do abuid, Laws v 118.4 .i. ceall a mbi a.¤ tuatha . . . cin . . . cursachad don ap bis uasa, 122.10 Comm. ite cealla ind-so o nach acrait airchindig a leasa, 118.10 . nocho dlegar do na gradaib acalsa mna do bheith aco no . . . dligid in t-airchindech uair is grad uird acalsa he, 122.8 Comm. is cuma no do gaib aire fri aithech ┐ aircindech fri bachlach, iv 68.5 . a.¤ (first of seven officers in a monastic settlement), ZCP v 499 § 3 . G. . . . orchindech Oli Finn ┐ G. . . . a setid pusta, Ann. Conn. 1314.6 . Diarmait mac orchindig Ola Finn, 1471.19 . in airchindech . . . má mnái . . . in luchtaire, MacCongl. 39.13 . na epscoip na hairchinnig / ┐ na filid imda, LL 6349 . ceat olca na hairchinnigh / it maithe na hērlamha (a proverbial saying, cf. Ériu iv 40 n. ). cid buidech di int a.¤ / nocha buidech int érlum, v 24.3 . bid sūairc la rígu ┐ airchindchiu he will be on pleasant terms with kings and erenaghs, ZCP x 225 § 1 . tūatha Temrach Truimm airchinnig na cell, KMMisc. 260 § 3 ( LL 18821 ). conna coistifet ind airchinnig fria manchu ┐ a mmuntera, RC xxvi 42 § 222 . for oirchinneachuibh no for aittreabthachaibh na hecclaisi, BNnÉ 248 § 201 . oircin- each cluig duib Patraic `keeper of the black bell', Iar Conn. 370 z . a.¤ tighe aoidhedh Cluana mic Nóis i.e. head of the monastic hospice, AFM ii 822.4 . ban-a.¤ female erenagh , see ben compds.

1 airecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 airecht or dil.ie/1904
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: oireacht

n u m. Later also f. Peritia v 91-92 . oireacht m. IGT Decl. § 24 .

(a) name given to the public assembly of freemen and later of the more important families in the territory whose functions included the transaction of certain important legal business; hence court ; see Críth G. p. 73 . On use in titles of Law-tracts see Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 188-92 . Sometimes used with dáil (distinction not clear). In more general sense gathering, assembly: airect gl. curia, Thes. ii 42.5 . cis lir cenēla airechta dochusin la Fēne? . . . a cōic: taeba.¤, a.¤ uirdnidhe ┐ a.¤ fo leth et a.¤ fodesin how many kinds of a. are there? ZCP xii 359.13 ( Cóic Con. p. 62 ) (see also cúl, taeba. ¤, oirdnide, leth, fadéin II (g)). ni tualaing rodgaba athgabail . . . manis comtheit suithengthad fó searnad airechta conid fri rosc ruirther who would arrange the procedure of the a., Laws i 84.10 .i. fer gaeth . . . srethaig dligedh in a.¤ , 20 Comm. (see fo-sern). is dithre o lesaibh airechta is excluded from redress in the a., 12 . ecuma airechta i.e. persons unqualified to plead before an a.¤ (?), 27 . co roisc a.¤ do timurcain till an a. has been collected together, 202.11 Comm. tacra la fear nad airbir a leass a n-a.¤ , v 252.11 . is do anfuiglib airechta wrong judgements of an a., 442.27 . is go airechta a n-astad a false finding of the a.(?), 510.2 . is sed is roairde ngotha and ma[d] mo na lucht na airechta do cluin he (of methods of pleading), Cóic Con. 34 § 36 . inurcra a feib . . . .i. in urcra do dul ina airmitin airechta i.e. his qualifications for the a.¤, O'D. 519 ( H 3.17, c. 422 ). nach dál ┐ nach oirecht conrisar la túathu ┐ rígu, Ériu ii 210 § 33 . a ndail no a n-airacht, Cóic Con. 18 § 10 , 49 § 92 , O'Curry 1206 ( H 3.18, 482a ). bethi fo seilib . . . hi cach airiucht i mbed, Trip.² 1590 . naim airthir in domain ina n-airiucht fo leith, LU 1970 ( FA § 4 ). doscuiched dochum na hairechta . . . ni roairig duine isindairiucht (of a horseman approaching a concourse on a hill), RC viii 50.15 . [l]e toidheachd uī Chuinn chugoibh / ō [a] oireacht, O'R. Poems 2570 . doching side for lar na hairechto, IT iii 239.128 . ro marbhadh somh . . . ar lár an aireachta, AFM iii 48.13 . cen dul ḟer i n-a.¤ ṁban, Metr. Dinds. iii 18.225 . Iuil . . . ro marbad ina h-airect h-fein i.e. the Roman Senate, Todd Nenn. 62.1 . mor-a.¤ na n-uli Iúdaide the Sanhedrin, PH 3711 . Name applied to the collective `ollavs' and pleaders of a territory: gurab ar ollamuin ┐ aighni na crichi tug dliged d'ainm forro airacht eolach no aineolach, O'Curry 2270 ( Eg. 88 fo. 20(21)b ). aighne airechta, name of a special kind of advocate: aighni airechta . . . . fer son ro huca a les do a.¤ ┐ dodnacair indi. Indfiadar do in les. Tanacair iarum on trath co raile . . . aignis lais uile ┐ nascairecht ┐ berrad ┐ comaidhches ┐ cain lanomhnai ┐ maccslechtai ┐ deich seotu uad do fer belrai lais ndeni ┐ a recht ┐ trian cach besa do cadesin ma tobach, O'Curry 813 (H. 3.18, 375a).

(b) Collective name for the leading nobles of a territory: a.¤ na aicme na ard-cinedh d'feraib Ereann, MR 248.26 . Mac D. . . . ┐ gach aon oile dá oireachtaibh `vassal chiefs', Maguires of F. § 10 . a urradha ┐ a ardtóisig . . . ┐ a oireacht, Hugh Roe 12.19 (fo. 3b) . d'éag a huaisle 's a hoireacht, Measgra D. 55.61 . nó go mbeadh oireacht mar ibh / ag toigheacht go teach taoisigh, DDána 71.22 . as iad fa ceud oireacht do ag gabháil righe Condacht, Hy Fiach. 52.14 . atá d'a eagla ara oireachtaib he is so feared by his subjects, Hy Maine 141.1 . mac duine oireachta `son of a chieftain', AFM v 1582.y . oireacht Chonaill mic Aodha `the party of', Keat. iii 1427 . With extended meanings: Oireacht Mhaoise the children of Israel, DDána 74.21 . an t-oireacht brónach (of the damned), IGT Decl. ex. 1170 . oirecht na haithrighe (penitents), ZCP viii 216.5 . do b'é in toirecht gan imsním (of the sons of Morna), SG 138.39 . Of military divisions or levies: ro erig cach saer-slúag . . . .i. cach a.¤ 'ar n-iadud fa'n aird-rig, MR 214.13 . sluag Emna, a.¤ Uladh, 212.10 . tucsat a clár clé fri a.¤ ar ammus ind átha (here the a.¤ consisted of Cú Ch. and Laeg representing Ulster), TBC-LL¹ 1872 . cuir uait t'armu . . . co raccillem in n-a.¤ `till we parley with the host' (of champions in single combat), Metr. Dinds. iv 360.140 . ac forind dona fearaib . . . ac airiucht aile dib, TTebe 1400 . ón oirecht Fhailghech `the host of Offaly', Studies 1920, 417.21 .

(c) patrimony, territory: taisigh [do] nach biad oirreachta no fearann taisigheachta, O'Curry 287 ( H 3.18, 158 ). ni gebhaitt da éis go cert / righe ar iath na ar oireacht (a curse on a family), BNnÉ 285 § 272 . maithi inn arechta `the chief men of the lordship', Ann. Conn. 1225.18 .

airḟuigell

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airḟuigell or dil.ie/1993

Forms: uraghall, oraghall, uruigheall, oruigheall, oirigheall, -(a)ill, -(a)ill, -le, oraghlaib

n [orig. o, n.] later m. (fuigell). uraghall, oraghall, uruigheall, oruigheall `cóir' (uirigheall, oirigheall `lochdach') m. (g s. -(a)ill. n p. -(a)ill, -le. d p. oraghlaib, ex. 1352 `lochdach'), IGT Decl. § 53 . Verbs § 83 .

(a) preliminary decision (oppd. to lánḟ. final d.), initiation of the legal process: trian in leithe i n-urfuigell co breth ┐ sechtmad in leithe co hurfuigell, ZCP xvi 194.4 . mad accra gach nech olchena . . . is geall da screpull déc fris do scur troisce co aurfuighell ┐ sechtmad i n-urfuigill ┐ triangille iar mbreth for cessation of fasting till preliminary hearing takes place, 6 . geall urfuighill, Laws ii 96.3 Comm. tacra im a reir .i. . . . o tiucfait a reir a urfuigill gu tisat a reir a lan-fuigill, v 252.16 Comm. is ed i[s] fuigell and, breth in bretheman etirdeiligeas doib .i. da geall don breithemhan, in tan tecar ina urḟuigheall um tiachtain a lanḟuigheall, Cóic Con. 60 § 143 . airuigeall .i. geall aire, sechtmad mad becc, O'Curry 1979 (H. 4.22, 18). mása dligedh nurfuigill ro cuirset cusin mbreithemain, O'D. 1651 (H. 5.15, 21a). a forba anta i nurfuigell ┐ in lan fuigill re re dithma, Laws iii 324.22 Comm. co techt nurfuighill . . . iar mbreithemnus, i 276.11 Comm. gidh fáth eagla an t-urfhuigheall, Dán Dé xv 3 .

(b) proposal, suggestion of terms for agreement, decision: racham . . . lesin uirighell sin ┐ indeósam dó é, BCC 116.22 . sul doronsat a n-uraghall, Acall. 2798 v.l. 's níorbh' í an chomhairle chumhang / do rónsad mun uradhall, Content. ii 47 . is síad sin comhairle Caid / na horuighle (horḟuighle v.l.) adir Diarmaid, IGT Decl. ex. 1353 . do-chúaidh a ccomhuirle dhíbh / oruighle sídh ḟúair gá ḟéin, 1367 . da cluined in t-iarla in t-uirigill-sin, ZCP vi 27.11 . do s[h]loind a aithesg ┐ a uirighell, ML² 789 . iar ttairccsin a aithiscc ┐ a orfhuighill, Hugh Roe 122.z (fo. 33a ). tús aithiscc ┐ uradhaill d'fior a ionaid dia eis (a perquisite of Maedóc of Ferns), BNnÉ 248 § 200 (urighill, urghill, v.l.). dobeir grasa a n-gnim ┐ a n-urḟuighill dó anagaid a namat, Maund. 139 . tāinic Cairell do Cianōig d'innisin a uirigill ō Bictar aingel tar ēis a treidenais to tell of the angel Victor's proposal, ZCP vii 308.5 . ag aithfriotal uirghill an Diabhail re Críost (of the temptation), Eochairsg. 58.37 . Attrib. g s. óm fhior uraghaill `from my advocate', Aithd. D. 59.24 .

(c) In more general sense address, speech, utterance: ?sōermacāmh na nDomhnannach . . . a fīreinech re filedaibh a n-uirghillaibh re hairdrīghaib, ZCP xiii 166.4 . is and dobered Ota ben Turges a huricli (frecartha v.l.) ar altoir Cluana mic Nois `used to give her audience', Cog. 12.14 . ?rún a n-orḟuighle, TD 9.23 . gi bé rabh . . . i n-aincheas bhar n-urfhoghaill `in doubt of thy speech', Studies 1921, 74 § 7 . dorinde N. auragull fri hE. `N. addressed H.', Stair Erc. 1841 . suidh th'aigneadh im uradhall `do thou heed my words', Dán Dé xi 2 . tús is earr an uraghuill i.e. the content of the poem, DDána 121.31 . acfuinn uraghaill the power of speech, TSh. 4195 . Extended meaning: gaoth as ghairbhe urughall, PBocht 25.8 .

As quasi-vn.: táinicc . . . d'urḟuigeall Ch. re hI. to discuss C. with I., Acall. 1623 . ro budh córa fileadha da n-uradhall it were more proper for poets to address them, ML 104.19 .

airmór

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airmór or dil.ie/2292

adj (mór) very great: ærmar gl. permagna (cupiditas), Ml. 61d12 (ér- ?). most of, the greater part of, usually as subst. with follg. gen.: urmór a ndaíne ┐ a n-indile, RC xvii 384.8 (Tig.). ermór fer ṅHerend, LL 3856 . earmhór an chobhlaigh sin, TFrag. 58.4 . rige aurmoir na hErenn, Rawl. 87a36 (ZCP viii 264 § 18). urmōr naī mbliadan dōib . . . isin Espāin the best part of, ML² 603 . gur chaitheas urmhór m'aoise, Dán Dé xi 7 . a n-urmhór most of them, TSh. 9816 . In adv. phr. d'a.¤ for the most part: Ceall Caindigh do losccadh d'urmhór, AFM ii 922.15 . go ro theichsiot an tír uile d'urmhór, `the greater number of the inhabitants of the country', AFM vi 2176.9 . dfhionnghallaibh Ereann d'urmhór `of almost all the old English of Ireland', 1996.17 . gach díol 'n-a éagmhais d'urmhór and nearly every other kind of payment, DDána 102.18 . ni bheirionn acht mic durmhór nearly always bears sons, 23 K 42, 383.2 . ? i n-a.¤ : comdais brēcairi filid Connacht a n-irmōr for the most part(?), ZCP xiii 25.24 .

See formór.

airorgain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airorgain or dil.ie/2339

n (orgun) assaulting, injuring: erorgain do mic , O'D. 105 (H. 3. 17, c. 85-6).

airrí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airrí or dil.ie/2368

n (rí)

(a) In native contexts tributary king, chieftain: na secht n-airrig do Mumnechaib, TBC-LL¹ 440 . rí hÉrend is a hairrí, Metr. Dinds. i 14.16 . Mac artain uirrí cenel ḟ., AFM iv 662.5 . airri Brefni, Cog. 148.7 . tuarustal trī n-uirrigh n-oll / da gach uirrigh a Conall, ZCP viii 116 § 14 . don uirrígh, IGT Decl. ex. 505 . an rann tuaidh d'Eirinn cona n-uirrighaibh ┐ cona nardtaoiseachuibh, BNnÉ 230 § 139 . nír' bhe (leg. ní raibhe) airdrí for Mumain . . . acht comard oirrig an equality of sub-kings, Lism. L. 3209 . tigernus na toisech ┐ orlamus na n-oirrig, Ann. Conn. 1309.3 . airri .i. rí fiadaigh .i. righ ḟianaidh, O'Cl. COMPD. ¤-damna: Donnchadh mac Mic Cartaigh aeirrioghdomna Muman, CS 340.26 .

(b) In foreign contexts viceroy, governor: a mbuidnea no erríg gl. satrapae, Ml. 67d17 . P. . . . issé ba h-erri Aegept, SR 3150 . co Point Pilait, cosin errig, LB 223a29 . a.¤ na cathrach L., Anecd. iii 75.7 . do chonsolaib ┐ do herrigaib . . . in domuin, Rawl. 75b41 . airig ┐ airríg . . . na hAssia, LL 234b27 ( TTr. 1312 ).

airscartad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airscartad or dil.ie/2382

u, [m.] vn. of ar-scarta, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 616 .

(a) act of removing, clearing away. Of expelling an enemy etc.: aurscartad n-echtrand, ZCP xii 238 § 65 . do urscartad na slóg di Maig M., LL 13949 ( RC iii 179.3 ). in n-irscartad comlaind the driving out (of the enemy) in conflict, LL 305b22 ( SG 383.1 ). Ísu . . . tria erscartad iffirn the clearing out (harrowing) of hell, LL 14212 . do'n erscartad do-rat-som fors-in tempul (of the money-changers), PH 4404 . da mbe ursgartad ar fleghuib / eiridh si roim cach co grott, H 3.18, 37.28 . Of removing people etc. when work likely to cause an accident is in progress: slainti easbu ┐ etorbu do cetsceinm na slisne . . . iar ndliged urfocra ┐ urscarta, Laws v 156.z Comm. ised dlegar urfocra ┐ urscartad do riagail riú urfocra do codnachaib ┐ urscartad rob ┐ ecodnach, iii 174.5 Comm. See also s. airscar. Of animals: ? ursgartad in chon araig, O'Curry 1028 ( H 3.18, 432b ) (= eascairi in con, Laws iii 272.9 Comm. ). urrscartadh gu marbadh dani in cat ┐ urrscartadh gan marbadh dani in cu thall, O'D. 2302 ( Rawl. B 506, fo. 29d ). Of clearing a space, etc.: caithge raite .i. ime fris . . . ┐ a slaige ┐ a nurscartadh, Laws iv 144.23 . erscartadh na ttighedh o tempal doire do dhénamh, AFM ii 1146.5 . [do] uhí urscardadh an leath thall uile fa chomhair mic rí É. the space was cleared in the farther half of the house(?), Feis Tighe Chonáin 1621 .

(b) = airscar (b): amra an teg h-i sin itir irscartad ┐ dergudha, Ir. MSS. Ser. i 178.8 ( YBL 118b3 ). aurscartad derggibair fo mrechtruncain uile, TBFr. 73 . eter irscartad ┐ imdorus (a palace), LU 8048 ( FB 1 ). airinich créduma ┐ aurscartud dergibair, 8730 (55) . fora imdorus ┐ a urscartad, O'Curry 810 ( H 3.18, 374b ). imdorus duin cona aurscartad, 882 (ib. 395a).

airthechta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airthechta or dil.ie/2429

n (téchtae?) privilege, prerogative, due, right: elodh aurthechta .i. ar na elat cen eraicc a ndliges a comus . . . huadib, O'Curry 835 ( H 3.18, 382a ). artechta fuillem gill longa caire, Laws v 412.24 .i. uasaldliged, 31 Comm. cisne tri mic na gaibead urtechta flatha la Feine, 456.1 . cuingid urthechta o eclais .i. baithes ┐ comna etc. iii 32.30 . cach nadnacal cona urtechta imnai do eclais, 42.14 . flaith . . . dliges riara la urtechta olcenu, ii 202.25 ( ZCP xv 245 § 4 ). ni techta nechtar n-ae urt[h]echta do somaine na domaine, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 74 § 36 ( Laws ii 406.20 ).

altram(m)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. altram(m) or dil.ie/3039
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: t-altrum, altruim, altraim, altrumu, altruma

n orig. n, n., see GOI § 731 . Later o, m. in t-altrum , Laws v 134.12 Comm. g s. altruim, DDána 105.5 . Note d s. altraim, Fél. 44.8 . n s. also altrumu, Laws ii 168.z. 170.1 Comm. altruma, 146.21 Comm. Vn. of 1 ailid.

Act of nurturing, fostering; nurture, fosterage . On the custom of fosterage see the treatise Cáin Íarraith, Laws ii 146 ff. Cf. Stud. in E. Ir. Law 187 ff. altram .i. ab eo quod est alo .i. ōn brēthir is alo ailim atā, Corm. Y 9 . breth et altram, Wb. 10b1 . amal dorígensat sidi a altram si, 28d19 . fri altrum mic in ais araile, Laws ii 172.14 . trian fir altrumu .i. fir ailes, 184.14 . altrum cen ainmi ar dlighedh cacha altruma diainme, 150.6 . altrumu seirce cen iarraith `fosterage of affection without fosterage-fee', 168.z . cia lin altrum . . . a do . . . ite . . . di altruma, 146.5 Comm. am tualuing mu dalta altrammo do rig I am able to give my fosterchild the fosterage suitable for a king, IT i 142.5 = am tūalaing altrama do rīgh, ZCP v 503.24 . alltramm mac rig ┐ rignui, IT iii 239.148 . dogniu dochor cach thríuin tri altram Fergusa form, LU 10296 . ar inn airer ┐ ar inn altrom ra bertus-sa fort, TBC-LL¹ 2874 . gabais mac n-altrama ō D., Fianaig. 28.6 . do chuindchid á altrama, Thes. ii 291 § 3 . ni haltrum, ni hiarrathuis, Cog. 54.23 . ro chuiris ben dot' chenel . . . dom' altram sa, MR 34.8 . lucht altruim Chuinn ┐ Conn, DDána 105.5 . amhuil . . . buime ag altrom a cloinne, 1 Thessal. ii 8 . Altrum Tige Dá Mhedar (title of a tale called `Oileamuin' in l. 13 ), ZCP xiii 17.1 . In phr. do-beir for a.¤ co gives in fosterage (to): conid é doratsat Ethni cucu for altrom, LU 4436 . With DO: tucad side ar altram do Choin Ruí, MU² 351 . Mac . . . do thabairt ar altram d'Art, Ann. Conn. 1261.15 . do-beir (or other vb.) do a.¤ (do) gives for rearing (to): co tuca [a Mac] . . . dia altraim, Fél. 44.8 . tuc do lucht na Tebi da haltrom. TTebe 1724 . atnoí do epscop B. día altrum, Trip.² 1611 . nís-léicide C. dia máthair di altromm, BDD² 73 . In abstract sense: altram dualchi nourishment of vice, Mon. Tall. 152.12 (§ 63) . altrom glaine `a fostering of purity', Ériu ii 66 § 12 . ar tí altruim fhaladh bent on cherishing a grudge, Dán Dé vi 21 . ni d'furtacht na d'altrom al-lassar, CCath. 4422 . a.¤feeding the poor, ZCP xii 291.14 = GJ iv 107a . In concrete sense fosterling, child : arindī folongat na mnā cach altrom fora rigtib 'because women support every child on their forearms' O'Mulc. § 114 , CMCS i 46 .

1 amm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 amm or dil.ie/3157

n n., later m. Perh. o-stem, the form áim, LU 7656 (`time', BDD 122 ) being for áin (óen), and in aim when a gen. of time (see exx. below).

Time, point of time: a.¤ aile a second time, LB 231a23 . ón ló ro delaig rinde . . . co ham na huaire sea, Acall. 3452 . cá ham san ló, TSh. 1174 . slechtsat tri maige, méd n-a.¤ `after many a spell', Metr. Dinds. iii 198.13 . as ann báttar . . . mun amsa a ccomhghar do Loch mic F., AFM iii 224.12 . ann amaibh eile at other times, Donlevy iv 23 . Of age: cid óc th'am-sa `though young thy age', Ériu iv 100 § 36 . right time, due season: leis commus ar marbthane / in tan tic in ta.¤ (: cland), LL 306a26 . doriacht a ham ┐ rotuisim oen ingin time of delivery, Dinds. 41 ( RC xv 432 ). do b'é a am `it was high time', PBocht 13.28 . go nár bo ham dóibh luamaireacht, ML 108.13 . a nam ┐ a nanam, 2 Timothy iv 2 . 'na a.¤ in its right time: slighe Dé d'imtheacht 'n-a ham to pursue God's way at the proper time, DDána 3.17 . do-bheir i seachmall a déanamh 'na ham in its due time, TSh. 7392 . fós ós chách do-chuaidh 'n-a am / go hág ar an uair do b'fhearr, DDána 93.27 . With qual. gen.: dessid C. i n-Emain cor bo amm scailti till it was time to disperse, TBC-LL¹ 965 . ám tuismedha, CCath. 648 . ind am éicne in time of need, Lism. L. 3273 . i nam foghelta, Laws ii 114.18 Comm. o do rodha (= do raga) aim iunta `time of laying', iii 380.4 Comm. (leg. aimser?). a.¤ treabhtha, IT iii 196 § 46 . a n-am brēithre Dē d'ēistecht, ACL iii 222.12 . mar sin dóib co ham deirid oidche, SG 56.8 . is am [d'ḟéachain], A. Ó Dálaigh xv 18 . In phrase fo-gaib (or similar vb.) a.¤ (ar) finds time, opportunity (for); gets a chance of: fuair ríghbhean am ar n-eagair found time to arrange us, DDána 48.24 . ó fríoth an t-amsa ar Oileach `having got a chance of O.' Aithd. D. 37.23 . nach faghthar ort am / cruas do chaitheamh liom that you would never have the chance of treating me harshly(?), PBocht 5.25 . mar fuair ar ṡíol Ádhaimh am when (Christ's) time to save Adam's race had come, DDána 3.22 . nach bhfághuid am air urnaigh do dheunadh, Donlevy 478.6 . Note further: am a thabhairt d'a shearbhfhóghantuighibh . . . urnaigh do dheunadh `to allow his servants time . . . ', Donlevy 478.22 .

Adverbial: nach am (not) at any time, Laws i 254.21 Comm. dáig bá snímaig cech a.¤ thair `they were distressed perpetually', Metr. Dinds. iii 4.31 . in ám-sin tra ro-thatin óc milid . . ., PH 7230 . is gach am, Dán Dé xxvi 13 . gach ré n-am alternately, TSh. 6220 . i n-a.¤ at the right time: Muire ┐ naoimh go ttíghid ionar bhfochair a n-am, Párl. na mB. 318 . an lóirghnīomh do dhénamh a n-am, Mac Aingil 3926 . seanḟocal ré rádh i n-am, Content. xxvii 9 .

Phr. a n-a.¤ , in a.¤ (aim) when: ana.¤ dollodar, Blathm. 317 . a n-am luide don chrund siúil, LU 10609 = in am, CCC 6 § 6 . in aim tra ráncatar Emain, LU 8935 ( FB 70 ). inaim robo sāithech . . . Fer Diad, TBC-I¹ 2221 . in am inat ṡlána secht ṁ-bliadna déc, TBC-LL¹ 1065 ( in aim, 1386 ). in gach am no tomaithead egendail forro `whensoever', CCath. 924 . in n-am bias a chorp a ngill `when he is in need', PH 7548 . sealbh na n-uile an t-am fa bhfuair, Aithd. D. 66.37 . With follg. i n-: an am inda frecrat anfolaid, Laws ii 326.11 .i. an uair, 17 Comm. in am in tochumlat when they swarm (of bees), iv 176.21 .

anall

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anall or dil.ie/3340

adv. stressed on second syll. (exx. of rhyme and alliteration in bardic verse infra). Written anaill, Alex. 579 , Fl. Earls 166.17 . See GOI § 483 . The form anaill, TBC-I¹ 3615 is taken by Thurn., ZCP xii 410 as standing for inn-all thither . Of place from beyond, from the opposite side, híther: tar muir a.¤ , Trip.² 331 . dar glend a.¤ hither over the glenn, MU² 494 . do-lotar trá forsin farci a.¤ hi tír n-Érend, BDD 23 . ro ráthaiged . . . as[in] tig a.¤ Ingcél I. was perceived from the house, 71 . adainter . . . in Bruden . . . ┐ dorróbdad a.¤ co fá thrí the B. is set on fire . . . it was quenched from within, 143 . isind leith a.¤ on the opposite side, 74 . fá cáin a.¤ a tax (imposed) from abroad, Keat. ii 5754 . Extended applications: transitiuum . . . .i. gním dosom i nnach naile innunn ┐ is césad do ṡuidiu gním o nach ailiu foir sem a.¤ , Sg. 209b12 . is bes tra isind libursa briathra na salm a.¤ (written over the line) do erlabrai ánd ┐ bertair dano briathra asin stoir sea innun fo fuillned inna salm innunn to quote (from another book), Ml. 26c6 (verba psalmorum superiorum, Zeuss 611 ). is airi trimirothorndiussa indium inna huilisa asrubartmar ánáll `we have mentioned above', Wb. 8d26 .

In phrases: innonn ┐ a.¤ on all sides: robaí fe 'nund ┐ fe a.¤ in dúsin essgal ┐ tessgal, LL 12961 . na cathaighthe a.¤ 's anonn `temptations on every side', Aithd. D. 51.13 . ar na bhogadh anonn sa nall `tossed to and fro', Proverbs xxi 6 . (di) ṡíu ┐ a.¤ from this side and that, from both sides: cona díchtheth carpat friae di síu nách a.¤ from either direction, LU 4798 (TBC). roferadh cobleng croda etarru dísiu ┐ a.¤ on both sides, RC x 185.3 . imda . . . sruthide fola for toebu trenfer siu ┐ a.¤ do macu I., LB 129b44 . secht mile isseadh torcair idiu ┐ a.¤ ettorrae, AFM i 318.2 .

With the prep. FRI: fri muir robur a.¤ `beyond the Red Sea', Ml. 124c24 . altarach .i. frie a.¤ (gl. nihil ultra) `on the other side of it', Sg. 71b1 . glend lán di thenid fris a.¤ , LU 2145 ( FA 21 ). coromarb nonbur friss a.¤ `on the other side of him', RC iii 178.10 .

With the idea of motion much reduced (here written andall and perh. a separate word): interrogaverunt horam specialem in qua ille effectus est abbas ┐ ba sí húarsom douargaib A. ind soscele andall (i.e. in Scotland; almost = tall, q.v.), Mon. Tall. 162.33 (§ 85) . co cruthaigfea in Comdiu andall curpu na esergi (i.e. in the other world), LU 2594 (edd. suggest reading thall as in l. 2587 ).

Of time of yore, hitherto, heretofore: fo bith an chotuigh a.¤ `from of yore', Blathm. 311 . ní bíd clad . . . i nHére isind amsir a.¤ co tanic remis mac nÁeda Slani, LU 10569 . analadh a.¤ uile / o tus betha, LL 395a17 . a gabala uili a.¤ hitherto, Fen. 48.1 . rí agá ndubrad nert a.¤ a king ever regarded as powerful, O'Gr. Cat. 378.4 . de cheniul Tuathail Techtmhair ┐ Ugaine Mair a.¤ , MR 1.5 . fedh na bliadhna so a.¤ `in the course of the past year', RC xxix 114 § 11 . With various prepp. With FRI: fris an mbliadhain sin a.¤ `during the preceding part of this year', AFM vi 2274.z . With CO: lase foruillecta béoil inchalich di mil cosse a.¤ `when the lips of the chalice have hitherto been smeared with honey', Wb. 7d9 . rob ainfethaig firu Hērenn a n-imthūs Táno cosin a.¤ , ACL iii 3.20 . co gin Mic Maire . . . / a.¤ o tus domain, LL 395a24 . co sin a.¤ till that happens, Críth G. 264 . mani dernat co cenn mís dotíagat for cairdde ná[d] lenat a lepthai cucai a.¤ i.e. the aire échta is not responsible for their protection any longer, 362 and p. 71. With ó: Dathi anall `from the time of D. onward', Ériu ii 186.15 . nī bīad rí ō Ess a.¤ , ZCP viii 223 § 21 . co ro-fíugrad . . . o chein mair a.¤ esergi Crist, PH 3423 . a.¤ ó dhortadh díleann `downwards from the pouring of the flood', TD 28.3 . otha a.¤ `henceforward', Fél. 6.10 .

Extended forms (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 196 - 197 ): ? co Dún Brí anal[l]a over to Dún Brí, BColm. 60.28 . a-nallamhain (: Lughaidh), Ériu ix 165 § 22 . anallamhuin (: mbonaibh) in times of old, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 30 § 8 . a-nalloin (: balloibh), PBocht 5.1 . a-nalloin, DDána 63.27 `already', Ir. Monthly 1928, 156 . a-nallan (: anman), PBocht 10.8 . a-nallan (: fharradh), DDána 64.30 . popul na ngente ro baí i ndorchataid pecaid . . . anallana formerly, Trip.² 50 . cid so or cách. ni bu adas a cóemna rosbai-seom anallana, LL 279a19 . anallana . . ., PH 2244 . analluna (: amudha), Content. ix 23 .

In phr. anois (aniodh) (┐) analla(i)n now and always (of past): congbhaid anos a-nallan, Content. xxviii 3 . t'éighis anois 's anallain, xviii 74 . aniodh 's anallain, DDána 92.4 ; cf. suil tháireas gus a-noise a-nallamhain, 83.6 `from that day till this', Ir. Monthly 1921, 419 . anall-út, -ód: anallút (coming from) over there (of a boat), LU 1869 . Fionn . . . / do bhí neartmhar a-nall-ód, DDána 112.8 . annála na n-ard-fhlaitheadh anall-ód of yore, TSh. 5476 . a nallód of old, Jeremiah xxviii 8 .

Forms with in- for an- (under infl. of prep. i n-): i nallut, Laws ii 94.8 Comm. inallana, PH 4473 . i n-allód (= antiquitus), Keat. i 106.19 . inall, AFM v 1868.14 .

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