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lesugud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lesugud or dil.ie/30025

Forms: lesachadh

u, m. vn. of lesaigidir. lesachadh, IGT Verbs § 106 (p. 245.6) .

(a) acting with a view to benefitting another or remedying a situation, repairing; a remedial or beneficial action; act of improving, reforming : dligtech cach lesugad, Laws ii 2.4 . ní len lugha lesughadh .i. nocha lenann lugha cinad asa ní do rinnis do lesughadh, O'D. 578 ( H 3.17, 444 ). lu .i. olc, ut dicitur: ni len lu lessugud, O'Mulc. 792 . ni do-gnithar for torba . . . ní heirenar nach lesughadh .i. nocha n-éirnithear éiric ann sin, O'D. 578 ( H 3.17, 444 ). do lesughadh tuaithe .i. is ar daighne lesa oigh don tuaith do niad é, ibid. Cf. les túaithe, s.v. 1 les. co ceand mbliadna .i. ar in re co roib fer bunaid i n-aititin a lesaigthi until the owner acknowledges that it has been (properly) repaired (of a fence). Laws iv 152.18 Comm . is tualaing a lesaigthi ar in nech do beir no cren it can be recovered from him who brings or buys it (of stolen property), iii 240.23 . doronadh . . . lubhra iomdha ┐ lesaighte leis `works and repairs', Cog. 138.y . fer millti ┐ lesaigti na hErenn uli in fer-sin, Ann. Conn. 1274 § 2 . fer leasaighthe tuath ┐ ecclas, AFM ii 1058.12 . in doman do dhul a ṅdíth air, ┐ a animm do l.¤ , PH 7583. th'éunmhac d'iodhbairt a ccroich dár leasughadh-ni, Parrth. Anma 4410 . eaglais sbioradālta na n-anmann do chomóradh ┐ do leasughadh to improve, reform, Beatha S. F. 307 .

(b) Of the sick or wounded, act of curing, tending; cure, remedy: cuingi[dh] a lesaigthi remedium quaerere (sic leg.), O'Curry 2222 ( Eg. 88, 16 ). docuaidh se la do leasugud duine galuir `to tend', Ériu ii 82.3 . ni fétar in chned . . . do l.¤ , PH 7646 . comhairle do chum lesaighthe ┐ sláinte na Sethrach n-esslán (`for the recovery and health'), RSClára 111a . Often coupled with leiges: oc cuinchid a llegis ┐ a llesaigthe fair, PH 4629 . nior ḟéad liaig . . . éolus mo leighis na mo lesaighthe, Ériu v 80.20 . Cf. leigius ┐ leasugadh co ceann secht mbliadhan, ┐ trommughadh orra, O'Curry 295 ( H 3.18, 162 ) (of small boys who have been guilty of some offence). Also: leighius ┐ leasugad isin cnedh, ibid. (here perh. compensation).

(c) act of making good, compensating for, amending, repairing; amends, compensation, reparation : do lesughadh a mhoide, Duan. F. i xx 27 . a leasugud re M. in easanoir tuc se do, Fier. 210 . dobēr-sa lesugudh ad litechus duit I shall make amends to thee for the accusation, ZCP vi 86.29 . romarbhu[i]s mac mo derbrathar . . . ┐ is olc in lesugudh ┐ in lāneruic tú féin ann, 30.7 . bean leasuighthe ar loit an chéidbhean who made good what the first woman destroyed, PBocht 9.8 . do-dhén leasughadh in gach ní dar mhill mé, Dhá Sgéal Art. 765. uireasbhuidh bhur gcreidimh do leasughadh, 1 Thessal. iii 10. é féin do leasúghadh ┐ a pheacu[i]dhe do chur de, Mac Aingil 1262 . go ttug Dia fád láimh féin leasúghadh do thabhairt uait nó gan a thabhairt reparation, 3521 . an lóirghníomh ┐ an leasughadh dlighthear ar a son (sc. sins), 58 . aithrighe . . . ina uile chiontuibh . . . re rún láidir lesaighthe, RSClára 155b . táinig don reacht soin fir Éireann do leasughadh a ngníomh `improved in their behaviour', Keat. ii 4022 . dochum mh'anma do shlānughadh ┐ mo bheathadh do leasughadh, Rial. S.F. 1287 . rún leasaighthe `purpose of amendment', Parrth. Anma 4779 . fear leasuighthe an bhriste `repairer', Isaiah lviii 12.

(d) act of looking after, caring for, maintaining, supporting, preserving; maintenance, care : is lá comurba Petair lesúgud na Eurupa, Trip.² 291 . do cach lesugad iar nDia ┐ duine, Laws iii 22.8 ( .i. do biud ┐ coimiteacht, 25 ). in lucht ro herbad dóib do lessugud, ┐ níros lesaigset (of the áes gráid in hell), LU 2208 ( FA 28 ). na hindmasa . . . do-ratait dúin diar fhulang ┐ diar lessugud fodéin eter chorp ┐ anmain, PH 6121 . arfeith .i. airitiu nó l.¤, ut dicitur: arfeith cend a memra, O'Mulc. 103 . fuair . . . bás gan faoisittin, gan lesucchad na hecclaisi `ministrations', BNnÉ 231.23 . ní bhiaidh imshníomh lóin nó leasuighthe ar bhar laochaibh, Dhá Sgeal Art. 2109. Of children: urailid dliged air a lesccugad `to educate them', Laws iii 542.2 Comm . in dalta icá tai leasugud fria re cian, Lism. L. 1422 (quem nutrire solebas, Lat. Lives 75 ). is coir a lesugudh co maith, uair is e bus righ i n-Edail a[d] diaid-siu, Aen. 644 . dia mbeiredh lenamh . . . a mharbadh, ar ni raibhe aca acfaing a lesaighthe, BNnÉ 40.6 . ba buidheach don l.¤ tucadh fair (of a boy), Lism. L. 3035 . gur tuirsighedh aithre ┐ oidigh . . . dhá leasughadh ┐ dhá ṡíormhúnadh, ZCP xii 396.26 . Of animals: tri C each buada ro batar for l.¤ aige which he maintained(?), Aen. 1605 (`which had been training by him'). Of objects: im chorus etha .i. med do cruaiche .i. im lesugad ind arba, Laws i 134.13 Comm . ma ar fath lesuigthe berur for teched (of cattle), v 192.z Comm . ro gab for l.¤ na hairge, IT i 40.10 . mad messu a bhláth nā (= no + a) lessugud lett indiu é andá in lá tucus bar in lettir i Cruachnaib Ái (of a sword), TBC-LL¹ 5954 . di lessugud loṅg ┐ luchtlaigi ┐ lónti do thecht in tṡlúagid, LL 299bx ( TTr. 936 `to prepare', Stokes). cach airicc urcoiteach robai for lesugud le that she had carefully preserved (tr. `that seemed to her useful'), CCath. 4137 . grúag . . . gan nighe, gan leasachadh unkempt hair, BNnÉ 169.12 . do aithin Flidais do'n bhanntracht an cend do lesugadh, Celt. Rev. iv 24.15 . Specifically of feeding, refection : ma ta leasug[ud] a serraigh isin sine, Laws iii 378.11 Comm . leór a llessaigthi enough to feed them, LL 12765 . ba doírbh lista a leasugud ar med satha a senblene (of Lebarcham), BB 257b10 . in corp do shásad ┐ do lessugud o aireraib na mbiad, PH 5997 . glēre lesaigt[h]i bíd ┐ cormae choice entertainment of meat and drink, BColm. 84.6 . do chaithem bíd ┐ lenda ┐ lessaigthi leō, MacCongl. 45.26 .

Freq. in Laws in phr. l.¤ ┐ comairléiciud maintaining and permitting (to remain). One who thus supported a criminal was liable to a fine, fíach lesaigthe: for nech biathus mac . . . a leasugad ┐ a comairlegad ban ┐ mac na murcartha, Laws iii 388.9 Comm . i[s] slan di (sc. in eclais) in lesugadh ┐ in comar-leigenn (sic) dogres, iv 234.23 . leasugadh ┐ comairleghadh neich marbas aitiri, O'Curry 2440 ( Eg. 88, 36 ). cid deorad cid faenlegach cid furfogradach . . . fiach leasaigthe ┐ comar-leicthe, O'Curry 1893 ( 23 P 3, 22 ). is fiach comarlécthi no lesaighthi masa urcraid, slán masa faendledach, O'D. 1668 ( H 5.15, 1 ). Cf. ? go mor muna lia leasugadh luigdeach luige lugaid lathgaile .i. as mor in gae mana leanad cinta leasuighthi do lughaidh laechdha, no do lughaidh do chorca luighde, O'Curry 1887 ( 23 P 3, 22a ).

(e) Of land, act of cultivating, tending, manuring; manure : an talamh oirfither accat . . . nach suirfe (iarrfadh, v.l.) lesachadh tre bithe will not require manuring, BNnÉ 321.22 . mór gcré nach tabhair toradh / go bhfaghair lé leasoghadh, DDána 6.31 . um lesughadh a los, RSClára 41b (`to water his plants'). an machaire ar a ccurthar iomad leasaighthe, Párl. na mB. 3207 . as lúghaide a toradh iomad leasaighthe do chur urthe, 3212 .

Of literary works: d'ḟer na ngrēs / lūag a lessaigthi ba bēss, Ériu xix 78 § 4.

(f) Used of some technical process or processes, (i) in brewing: re lesugad na bracha o do berthar uisce uirre, Laws ii 242.6 Comm . (ii) in tanning hides: dlegair leathar l.¤ , ZCP iv 468 § 2 . fear leasaighthe leathair a tanner, Acts ix 43 .

(g) fer lesaigthe, from Laws Comm. below seems to mean a man engaged on certain duties for the benefit of his túath. Cf. aire échta, Críth G. p. 70 . each fir leasaigthi (one of seven pledges on which it is difficult to estimate the compensation and interest payable), Laws v 238.19 ; glossed .i. each in fir is gnath ac denam leas oig .i. each in airi eachta, 242.7 Comm . cnead fir lesaigthe .i. dia mbe cū a coimitecht in fir oc timcell an tire co taesat na muca don coin, O'Curry 219 ( H 3.18, 115 ). More generally, guardian, teacher : ag fior leasaighthe an leinibh, PBocht 11.2 (equated with `oide', ibid). do thréig lucht a leasaighthe teachers(?), DDána 104.8 (`benefactors', Ir. Monthly 1929, 42 ).

2 mell

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 mell or dil.ie/31897
Last Revised: 2013

n destruction ( LEIA M-33 , Celtica x 153 ), confusion, error? undoing? m.¤ .i. milliud ē nō millti , Corm. Y 922. is meth ┐ m.¤ ┐ milli[u]d dond ḟir, YBL 112a16 (cf. ZCP iii 3 ). ceithri sillæba fichet í cech rand, dia ṁbé plus no minus is m.¤ [the quatrain ] is spoilt, Fél. 10.11 , cf. si sit plus minusue error est (is pudar), 4.27 . ? dobeir mac[h]dath for cach meild | in cor foceird for cach ríg `the lot that has fallen to every king causes awe at every wreck' (?), Hail Brigit § 3 ( LL 49b16 ); but see 3 mell.

Cf. mellsuide.

mesctha

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mesctha or dil.ie/32062

adj io, iā. part. of mescaid.

(a) confused, intoxicated: dobreth linn doib comtar measctha, IT ii1 180.178 . dia mbattar mesgtha meraighthe, AFM vi 1990.22 . gur bho measctha meadharchaoin iad, Maguires of F. § 58. gurobo mescthi millti . . . curaid fer nÉrenn thrown into confusion, Comp. CC 106.12 .

(b) mixed, variegated: áirneis síogach, ballach ┐ measctha ringstraked, spotted and grisled, Gen. xxxi 10.

millid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. millid or dil.ie/32253

v i.

(a) spoils, ruins, destroys. Of physical injury: amra tinne . . . in cú nícon millestar, Hy. v. 46. co ro milled a rosc [ó] Oengus, LU 4054. ro siacht cach tond . . . ro millset in mnaí, Metr. Dinds. iii 30. ? millsiund sastund sál mara móir has destroyed us (?), LL 116a47 . imdentar leis do neoch ro milled d'Ultaib for the damage done to the Ulstermen, TBC-LL¹ 1612. imarcraid fleochaidh gur ro millit toirthe, AFM ii 700.10 . Overthrows, destroys (enemies), spoils, devastates (places): ro milled in gentlecht, Fél. Prol. 213. ro mill ┐ ro mudhaidh Gullu, Cog. 138.1 . Alama mac B. . . . le milltí Teamhair, Oss. iv 220.14 . (with obj. omitted) co ro millset co Imlech Iubair, RC xviii 9.7 .

(b) breaks, violates, cancels (a bond, etc.): acht nar milter úaibsi a n-arach provided the compact is not broken by you, TBC-I¹ 1379. cid fodera co millinn a eneclann im duine a fherund do thabairt i rath fuidri? why is a person's honour-price cancelled by giving his land? Laws v 40.6 .

(c) of moral injury: mná adaltracha ┐ techtaire nos-millet ina mígnimaib who seduce them, FA 29. feib ro sill Grís for in nglain | ro mill . . . a menmain `she perverted' (? bewitched), Metr. Dinds. iii 134 . nir mill Muiri a hoigi did not lose her virginity, ACL iii 242 § 19 . no gur milledar féin Connachta umpu ar marbadh rígh Umhall dáib till they made Connacht too hot for themselves (?), SG 36.25 . an té mhillios a shlíghthe he that perverteth his ways, Proverbs x 9. In reflex. sense: Muiredach ni mill re mnaib, ACL iii 308.3 . See milliud and millte.

milliud, milled

Cite this: eDIL s.v. milliud, milled or dil.ie/32254
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: millti

n u, m., vn. of millid. The act of spoiling, ruining, destroying ,

(a) in physical sense: hi cinta ind fergoirt do m.¤ , FB 38. milledh in lachta, Laws ii 44.8 Comm. dāl bróin is milti a doom of sorrow and destruction, LL 33a22 . aga lot ┐ accá láinmhilleadh, AFM vi 1932.4 . E. do ghabail . . . ┐ a breith co Baile Atha Cliath ┐ a milleadh ann he was put to death, AU iii 248.8 . mac iarla A. ata aguind da breith da milludh to be taken . . . for his execution, ZCP vi 66.5 . is minic docuiredh sgribend a millti fein le techtuire many a messenger has carried his own death-warrant, 284.5 . pl. rob dín ar millti cach daire a shelter against destruction, BColm. 82.26 . millte mora ┐ loisg[th]e imda do denam devastations , AU iii 308.25 .

(b) in moral sense: th'enech do m.¤ , IT i 128.2 . millidh geisi, Ériu iii 158.8 . aoine an Choimdedh do mhilledh to violate the Lord's fast-day, BS 32.18 . clæn crete . . . isat deich millti milles causes ten metrical faults, Auraic. 2036. Seducing (a woman): no saigfed m.¤ a n-ingenraidi, LU 10163. ar mhilleadh ban, TSh. 1723.

(c) of injuring by magic, casting the evil eye, etc.: m.¤ quasi mi-silliud .i. drochṡilliud, Corm. Y 859 ; folld. by O'Cl. (milliudh). This is perh. the sense in the follg. exx.: bá hé m.¤ són dobertatár [na druid], BDD 144. dá amaid do bhí . . . ré milleadh naoidhean, Keat. ii 5976 , cf. ban-aimiti . . . nó bhíth . . . agá idhmilled mac mbeg, Cóir Anm. 54. Of diseases: tedmand for cethraib . . . boara comalla milliuda (`over-lookings', bewitchments ?), RC xxvi 46 § 233. miḟilliuda .i. a lecun for a seirthib 'evil bendings/turnings, that is, [its] releasing/casting upon [cattle's] shanks (?)' RC xxvi 61 , Celtica xxiv 19 . is ed fotera galar forsna clanna, eter eltrai ┐ milliuda olchena, Ériu i 218 § 3. Cf. millitha .i. cnuic millithe .i. easlainte boils, murrain (?), O'Cl.