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airet

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airet or dil.ie/1949
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: airet, eret, erat, arat

n (*ari + fot, O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 177 ff. ?Cf. senairotib, Thes. ii 239.18 . Gender doubtful. Orig. o, n., O'Rahilly. Taken as f. in Sg. 148a6 by GOI p. 157 , see below, and treated as f. in later language. airet, Wb. 25d1 . eret, Ml. 107d8 etc., Sg. 148a6 . erat, Ml. 33a1 . arat, 80b7 .

Length, interval, space (of time, less freq. also of space), later amount, quantity. Very frequent in conjunctive and adverbial phrases.

I

(a) is ed á eret is gessi dia cene ṁbether in hac uita this is how long, Ml. 107d8 . is ed a erat fritammiurat inna huli, 33a1 . á eret tias in cascc isin mís how late E. falls in the month, Thes. ii 39.25 . a oired ba ferr dó ar bánbiudh a time of similar duration during which he fared better as regards white meat, Hib. Min. 67.4 . iss ed eret no bitis Ulaid insin i mMaig M., LU 3223 ( SCC § 1 ). Of space: lagat inna saigte . . . ┐ a arat dia tochuirther `the distance from which it is shot', Ml. 80b7 . is he a.¤ sain rosaig / lassar lái brátha brethaig, SR 2531 .

(b) a.¤ as long as, as far as: a.¤ nombeinn isnaib imnedaib, Ml. 59a22 . a.¤ mbete im theglachsa, BDD² 312 . a.¤ bés . . . a cutrumesi do súg inda curpsom `so long . . . as there is this much juice in his body', Mon. Tall. 150.39 (§ 61) . a.¤ nat negar `so long as it is not washed', 155.24 (§ 67) . erett bett aboss 'ga tigh, BColm. 98.32 . Eas Rúaid heret aiges núall as long as Assaroe resounds, Ériu iv 150.27 . airiut ba beo iat, Marco P. 98 . eiret tēiti uiseōc as high as a lark soars, TBC-I¹ 3613 . oiret teit cloch a taball, PH 3040 . See Hull, ZCP xxix 121 - 2 . With co: airet co facaidh cnoc, CCath. 1449 . airet co tainic de, 4622 .

(c) With article: an a.¤ ropsa béo, Trip.² 1434 . a n-a.¤ ro bátar sruithi Eirend occó ari, 2996 . an oired dobi-seom a C.C. as long as, RC xviii 268.11 (Tig.). an oiread ro bí M. ag rádha a shoiscéla, Imr. Brain i 65.4 . in a.¤ bātar ag dēnomh na hadmhāla, Fl. Earls 64.3 . in oiriut tra do geb in tuasal neach bus cutruma res in isul `as long as (i.e. provided) the noble gets an advocate equal in rank to the man of lower class', Laws ii 84.24. Comm. Of space: an airat ro soich a scor sidhe for gach leith `as far as their `scor'-lands extend on every side', Laws iv 226.z . in oiret dochoid how far, PH 3039 .

In mixed construction with both article (or prep.?) and poss.: ina a.¤ báttar fein ar foccra during the period of their proscription, AFM vi 1974.3 .

(d) With cia how long, how far? cia arat gl. quandiu, Ml. 32d22 . cia a.¤ co tíchtin nancrist how long (it will be) till the coming, Wb. 25d1 . ce hairead uathaibh go tír how far they were from land, BB 39a26 . With rel. clause: cia eret mbete oc m ingraimmim se? `how long will they be persecuting me?' Ml. 33a9 . cia hairett atáidh sunn?, RC xxvi 376.8 . nocon fess cairet rochúaid how far, RC xiii 442 § 15 . cia a.¤ imthéit? how far does it go? TBC-LL¹ 1146 .

(e) With article and demonstr. in adverbial phrase for that long, during that (amount of) time (case of a.¤ doubtful, see O'Rahilly and Thurn. ad loc. cit. In most exx. apparently a s. of a fem. noun): ind eret sa gl. tandiu, Ml. 114b14 . ?inn heret sin imbói, Sg. 148a6 (so O'Rahilly loc. cit.; accus., GOI p. 157 ) i.e. during the time he was in Rome. ni rabe isin bith ní dognethe in n-eret sin léu acht cluchi, LU 3225 ( SCC § 1 ). at forbaeltiseom in n-a.¤ sin, 2277 . fífat-sa forsna slógaib in n-a.¤ sin, 6312 (TBC). inn-airet-sain during that time, RC xiii 110 § 147 .

II

(a) amount, quantity, usually in phrases meaning as much as, etc.: in óiret cétna as much again, Maund. 212 . in oirid sin `so much as that', Aen. 2558 . a naei n-a.¤ `nine times the value (of the thing stolen)', Marco P. 41 . is i an oiread (uirid, MS.), O'Gr. Cat. 307.30 . aiseoguidh sé seacht noirid he shall restore seven fold, Proverbs vi 31 . sudh mérsi ┐ sugh fenéil oired da gach sugh `of either juice an equal bulk', O'Gr. Cat. 225.4 .

(b) In phr. in a.¤ sin DI so much (of): inn a.¤ sin da slúag that many of their host, MU² 681 . anuireadsa do chuidiughadh, Carswell 20.7 . an oiret sin do leic oigre, Marco P. 225 . Note also: a oirett shin ele d'airde do beith ann that it was as high again, BNnÉ 71 § 121 . With mixed construction: a rád . . . co ndingenad Dia . . . ina airett sin d'éccórad `would do such injustice', Maund. 118 .

(c) With prep. FRI: na losa . . . dobertai . . . do C. doberedh oired ris fein d'Fir diad dib sin gave as much to F.D. as he took for himself, TBC-LL¹ p. 517 n.9 . dogebuir oired rium-sa dhe you shall share it equally with me, ZCP vi 99.6 . beth ar uired re og mac to be on the same terms with, Fen. 348.22 . nár tualaing iadsan oiret re Mac Conmara do dénam could not do as much as M., Caithr. Thoirdh. 85.10 . ar oiret aimsire fris of the same age as he, AFM v 1734.24 . go rabhadar Laighin cheithre uiread do shluagh ré fearaibh Mumhan `had a host four times as numerous', Keat. iii 3212 . go bhfuil a urad d'ughdardhas agam fein leis an mbiobla, Luc. Fid. 323.16 . na hiarr duais ach uiread leó look not for any more reward than they do, Measgra D. 7.112 .

(d) With ocus and rel. clause: uiread grádha . . . ┐ atá aige dhó féin, Desid. 6041 . urad as do bhí ag Criosd, Luc. Fid. 323.16 . Note also: a uiread . . . ┐ a ttiobhra Dia dhuit, Desid. 4600 . oiread (uiriod, MS.) a bhfuarais aréir as much as you got last night, Ériu i 97.y .

(e) With gen. as much as, even (in neg. and condit. clauses): gan uiret deilcc bruit do bhúain da fhiodhbadh not to take even athorn, Anecd. iii 6.12 . a.¤ in grain[n]e musdaird do ṡeirc Isa, Marco P. 8 . airead copán as much as a single cup, ZCP viii 563 § 18 . gu hoiread an fhocail dhíomhaoin as lúgha dá ndubhart even the idlest word I have spoken, Desid. 1177 .

Note also: mór da n-uiredaibh great quantities of them, Aisl. Tond. 132 § 6 .

ar-utaing

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-utaing or dil.ie/4357

Forms: arutaing, arúnutangar, arutngither, arautgatar, arutósa, árutossa, arutaissiu, arutacht, ardoutacht, arunutedaig, airtach, airdachtaib

v ( air-od-ding, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 505 ) builds up, restores, refreshes. Indic. pres. 3 s. arutaing gl. reficiens, Ml. 64c20 . Pass. sg. arúnutangar gl. adficiemur, 135a2 . tiagait hi praintech . . . arutngither colléir doib, Imr. Brain ii 293.32 . Pl. arautgatar anmanna, Anecd. v 26.8 . ? Fut. 1 s. imbé eirr óengaile / arutósa ollgabud / úathud fri eit n-imlebair, LU 10357 ( ZCP iii 255.26 ). árutossa otharlige / ucht fri echtga irgairce, 10398 (ib. 257.9 ). 2 s. arutaissiu gl. reficies, Ml. 56a11 . Pret. 3 s. for maig arutacht cathir `built', Thes. ii 328.4 (Hy. v; perh. for conutacht, note). in bantrebthach ardoutacht i mMaig Cōil `the widow who refreshed her', 345.3 (ibid.). arunutedaig (airunutathig, arrunnu taing, ar rondu tairrng v.ll.) ernithib (errethaib v.l. , IT i 141.15 ) he has refreshed us champions, Comp. CC 7.12 .

Vn. airtach. Vbl. of necess. airdachtaib. Cf. airdaigid.

2 étrochta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 étrochta or dil.ie/20921

n , f. brightness, lustre, effulgence ; fig. splendour: etrochta ésci (snechtai v.l.), Hy vii 25 . étrochta gréne, LU 2473 . etrachta esce ┐ grene, Ériu ii 118.15 . cid adbul in taitnem...fil i tír na nǽm, is aidbliu ...ind etrochta fil i mmaig muintire nime, FA 7 . comsoillse fri etrochta rétland, 16 . o etrochta líac logmar, 18 . dia n-áne dia n-etrochta, SR 726 . duroscibet-sidi hua etrachtai cumachtai sech cech riga in splendour of power Ml. 84b1 . di etrachtu ┐ ane ┐ soilse a gnuisi, Ériu ii 142.14 . co n-etrochtai snechta, 118.18 . With pref.: isnaib rugetrachtaib (gl. in praeclaris) Ml. 37d3 .

fenamain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fenamain or dil.ie/21602
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: Fenamna

n i, f. (fen- as in imm-fen, ZCP xxxi 146 ) g s. (in n.l.) i mMaig Fenamna , Thes. ii 332.31 : plashing, wicker-work, wattles (in a fence, dwelling, etc.). f.¤ .i. fighi min .i. cur slaiti ut est meiser ailt (.i. tech) iarna ait sceo fenamnaib .i. ar ... feabus a fighi, O'Dav. 868 (= Ériu xiii 42.1 ). co ndechatár secht ferchubat di senamain in tige (i talmain, LU 8378 ( FB 25 = fenamain in tighi .i. cret in tighe, O'Curry 1321 , ZCP iv 158 n. 1 ). dornn fot in chuaille o seanamuin (leg. os [ḟ]eanamuin), Laws iv 76.24 = uas a fenamain over its wickerwork (of a fence), O'Dav. 868 . uasa anamain, Laws iv 112.15 = uas fenamain, Rawl. B 487 f. 65b (Stokes, O'Dav. 868 n .). Cf. also: cethra conboing ... ar anamain which break through plashed fences (?) Laws iv 140.13 . Of a basket or hamper of wicker-work : cētna thogairt dia foíded la cét-im hi f.¤ , Hy v 25 (glossed : fén, Thes. ii 333y ).

immacaldam, immacaldaim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. immacaldam, immacaldaim or dil.ie/27640
Last Revised: 2019

n ā, f. vn. of imm-acallatar.

(a) act of conversing; mutual converse, conversation, colloquy: is etarru biid immacaldaim, Sg. 200b7 . tresinn immocaldaim frecṅdairc `through the present mutual colloquy,' 161b1 . co cúala ... imacallaim n-adamraigthe muintiri nimi, LU 1955. iar closin imacallma na mban, 8370 (FB). roforbanastar a bethaid etir na himacallma anglecda `he ended his life among angelic conversations,' BColm. 106.8 . itcualatar ... in imacallaim si do-róine Sattan fria timtirechaib, PH 3878. tāinic cóir comhrāidh ┐ imagallmha idir Conān ┐ Fiond, Feis Tighe Chonáin 97. san ogham iomagallmha (distinguished from the beithe luis), IGT, Introd. 3.24 . do berthí ar nemh é d' imagallaimh re hainglibh, BCC 168.18 . ionnus nach bhfuairsiot ... áineas nō iomagallmhadh do dhéanamh, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) i 34.18 ​.

In a bad sense, dispute: Brian ... do mharbhadh lá a dearbrathair ... tria iomagallamh tarla eaturra, AFM iv 1008.5 .

sexual intercourse: saigidh si iomagalloimh baoisi for an ngiolla, Leb. Gab.(i) 26 § 26.

As a title of certain stories: imacallaim in da tuar, Laws i 18.12 . See also D'Arbois de Jubainville, Essai d'un Cat. 150.

(b) conference, council: iomagallaimh .i. comhairle, O'Cl. téit iar sin hi tech n-imacallma fria muintir, Trip.² 619. dotháet Fróech cuccu issa tech n-immacaldmae, TBFr. 173. co tistais ... fri haentaid imac[a]lma do `to hold a conference with him,' Laws i 14.14 . bátar húi Néill ... i mMaig Breg i n-imaccalaim, Ériu iv 124.3 . gan iadhad n-imagallmha impe do dhénamh dóibh, MR 314.16 . ba sí comarli Sencha doib dano ina n-imacallaim in their council, LU 8096 (FB).

imma n-

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imma n- or dil.ie/27638
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: immanarraid

reflexive and reciprocal preverb used before compound vbs. to form new compounds. The an may be a petrified poss. pron. p. 3, or an infix. pron. s. 3 m. It is used impersonally, (i) with the prep. DO e.g. ceni immonacai dun, IT ii2 190.2 . (ii) with the first noun (or pronoun) introduced by the prep. DO, the second with FRI e.g. immanarnic dosom frisin Liath Macha, LU 8458 , or in ordinary personal use e.g. immanaiccet int shlúaig, TBFr. 176. See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. § 552 (4) , §589 (3) ; GOI § 841 D ; O'Brien, Ériu xii 242 ff .

¤acalladar: ár-rogád co 'manarladh dhuinne (= ar romgád-sa co 'mmanarlaid dún, LL 278b21 ) I have prayed that we might speak together, Lism. L. xii 18. immanarladair dó iarum fria da brathair he and his two brothers conversed together, RC xii 80 § 75. ní 'ma-nárlastar dóib 'they did not speak to each other', Ériu xxxv 74 § 8 . ¤acci: immanaiccet int shlúaig the hosts see each other, TBFr. 176. as-bert ní 'mmanaic. cigtis hi tír inna nóeb, Trip.² 2511. (see GOI p. 518 and p. 685 n. ). comman-actís ┐ commafessaitis, TBC-LL¹ 454. in tan dochúaid C. ... fodess co 'mmanaccai dó ┐ a ndunad boí i mmaig Murthemne, LL 120a31 . ó man-acca dóib ri suilsi ind lái, TFerbe 394 . is comfocus etruinn ceni immonacai dun, IT ii2 190.2 . tech dorcha connámonaicced doib co arna barach, SG ii 414.23 . ní 'manacige do frim-sa hi richiud nime, Ériu ii 194 § 8. ¤airgaib (? air-in-gaib): dororbiusa (.i. tairmescfad sa) coná 'manaircéba dóib aní is accobor leo so that they shall not obtain (?), Comp. CC 44.13 . ¤airicc: rosfucsat leó dia [te]tarracht ┐ ni monairnic doib they set out to overtake him and they did not meet, RC xv 294 § 5. imonarnaicc iarum do Chongal ┐ do Chonall Congal and Conall met, Ériu v 240.136 . immanarnic dosom frisin Liath Macha he and the Liath Macha met, LU 8458 ( FB § 31 ). imanarnic do fri cumail, IT iii 190 § 16. comofarnaic do fria athair, RC xvi 46 § 95. Used of sexual intercourse: o immanarnaic ind lanamain combo torrach de in bean, LL 287b3 . immanarnaic dóib ┐ in maccaillech combo torrach de, KMMisc. 208 § 1. commanarnaic doib ┐ co mbái-si do mnái gradaigthe oco-som, Ériu iv 22 § 3. ¤*airret: pret. s. conid and immanarraid dóib so that it was there they met, LL 122b4 . ¤bris: immorobris dia sciathaib their shields were mutually broken, IT ii1 183.243 . ¤brúi: imarochlui diar claidbib immorobrui dia[r] sciathaib our swords were mutually crushed, 185.286 . ¤clói: immorachlui dia claidbib, their swords were mutually bent, broken, 183.242 . imma cloiset gai, LL 116b1 . ¤comboing: co rodlútha(t) a thuatha iarom arna 'mmacomba doib `lest they destroy one another,' Críth G. 519. ¤comraic: immácomarnaic dó ┐ don scál, LU 8547 ( FB § 40 ). immacomrainic doib doridisi they fought again, CCath. 2966. imacomrainic dhóibh combatar mescc ar mhesg, Hugh Roe 256.8 (fo. 68a) . immacomairnic de Luc[h] ┐ di Bolur, RC xii 100.3 . imo comhrainic d'Aodh Ollan ┐ d'Aodh mac Colgan, AFM i 332.7 . imacomraig do andsin ┐ Ampion ... re ag, TTebe 4019 . ¤comshínither: immacomsinitar dóib they wrestle with one another, LU 8527 ( FB § 38 ). ¤comthuairg: immacomtuairg doib ┐ dobered Cu. da beim im cech n-aen beim dosum, FB § 40 (Eg.). ¤comthuit: immacomthuit dóib conná tudchith nech dīb i mbethaid ass, TBC-I¹ 1445. ¤díbdai: tummis German irlund a gai issin-abaind ┐ immán-díbdai dó ... amal bid tene nodloscad `it is consumed,' RC ix 482.7 . ¤dígaib: ni 'mandigbat nemid `privileges do not diminish one another,' Ir. Recht 12 n. 2 (= Laws v 108.3 ). ¤diupir: mad in ceile bis daidbir, fo-gni log ina set amail mestar, cona 'ma-nderbara `so dass sie sich gegenseitig nicht übervorteilen,' ZCP xiv 392 § 61. ¤essoirg: immanesoírg dóib combo nem tened indala leth dind rígthig lasna claidbiu, LU 8201 ( FB § 15 ). ¤fitir: ni 'mafitir dóib they did not know one another, Trip.² 200. co mmanactís ┐ co mmafessaitis that they might see and know one another, TBC-LL¹ 454. ¤fópair: imofobair doib isin glinn `they attack one another in the valley,' IT ii1 184.254 . ¤forbeir: imuforbair doib co ndrochair in mac, RC xvi 46.30 : ¤fuisethar (-fo-siss-): `imma-fuisethar dun' ol in Bodb. imma-fuissithiur doib issin maigin sin let us protect one another, IT iii 239.126 . ¤gaib: imaragaib doib ime they agreed about it, Lism. L. xi 14. immaragaib doib cipé dib no digsed they agreed that whoever would go, LL 278a43 . immaragab do cathugud ... for irlar in tigi duna natrachaib, BB 240a1 . tair chucum co 'mmaragba dún, co nderna athair dímsa ┐ co ndernursa mac dítsu, RC xiii 462 § 69. ¤goin: na mmon-gonad d' Ultaib it chinaid, IT i 73.7 . ¤marba: immacossaitiubsa eter in mac ┐ a athair co 'mmámuirfe dóib so that they will kill one another, LU. 8087 ( FB § 6 ). ¤ricc: o immarainic doib, CCath. 5815. ¤roich: immáríacht do ┐ Protésalús comrac dessi `it came to pass that he and P. had a duel,' TTr. 1580. is andsin immarocht don tṡlúag cechtarda for lár in tigi the hosts encountered each other, TFerbe 408 . ¤sínither: imasīnit[h]ar dōib they wrestle with one another, TBC-I¹ 451. immon sinsetar fir, LL 116b1 . ¤sissethar: feraid na hingena failti fri macco Ailella ... ┐ imasisedar doib `sie bleiben zusammen stehen,' IT ii2 229.57 . ¤tairissethar: ó focerta a ṡrúb ar géscoe ima-tairisfeadh doib `if his snout were put on a branch they would stick together (lit. it would be mutual remaining for them)', BDD² 349. ¤tairret: imma-tarraid (imma-tárraid) dún indi we met there, Sc.M² § 9. i nDubid immataruid (imma-tarraid, v.l.) dóib, Mór M. § 10. ¤tarla: imma-tarlae dóib fodēoid co-tarat int oīnḟer for firu Hérenn `they drew together (came to blows) until one man obtained superiority above the (other) men,' Sc.M² § 8 (See Gl. and n. 20 ). ¤tomail: co namtánic Parrthalón | ... | co 'matormailt dam ria síl they and I mutually enjoyed it, Ériu iv 130.23 . arsin tángadar Fir Bolc | ... | imotormalt damsa riu, 132.3 . arsin tángadar Túath Dé | ... | co 'matormuilt damsa riu, 11 . ¤túairc: immacossaitiub dá cích cacha óenmná ... co 'mmatuaircfe dóib so that they will smite one another, LU 8090 ( FB § 6 ). imatuarcat doib, Ir. MSS. Ser. i 178.20 . ¤tuit: immotaeth dōib ar chomūaill `they will fall on both sides because of their equal pride,' Mór M. § 8. immotorchair doib forsin tracht, Rawl. B 512, fo. 79b31 .

inir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. inir or dil.ie/28739

Forms: inḟir

adj i later also inḟir. stern, manly ; malicious: i.¤ ab ira , O'Mulc. 721. inire debtha `viragoes in strife,' Tec. Corm. § 16.43 . nech bas formtech bas indir (sic leg., Ed.) bas frithoircnech dia braithrib, Ériu vii 160 § 2. i mMaig I. is and tucsat in cath ... is i.¤ in cath sa ... or Cormac, LU 4386 (= im-Maig Inair ... Is ininair (sic) in comrac, Ériu iii 136.25 ). ropad i.¤ a congal `their contest had been dour,' Fianaig. 12 § 18. bá tnúthach ┐ ba hinḟir in comrac-sa, RC xiii 458 § 55 = LL 291a27 .

As subst. : nó'n innfhir thug ár na dtáinte a n-Eamhuinn (of Medb), Ir. Jacobite Poetry 50.8 .

leiges

Cite this: eDIL s.v. leiges or dil.ie/29783

n o, m. (líaig)

(a) art of the líaig, healing art: sui leighis Goidheal `physician', AU i 372.6 (an. 862). legi .i. doniat in leges, Laws v 90.26 Comm . galur gin frichnam leighis `without medical attention', ii 166.1 Comm . a cclann inghion do chur lé diadhacht, lé dlíghe, ┐ lé leighios, Párl. na mB. 647 .

(b) medical treatment : sergleghi fada . . . na dergleges teóra lá a long illness or three days' drastic treatment, TBC-LL¹ 4415 . teg legis no othrais, 1289 . lepaid . . . leighis, Acall. 7148 . do chuir Sior F. leighios ar (sic leg.) na daoinibh buailti, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 43.2 . rob gar leigheas dar leónadh, Studies 1921, 74 § 8 . ? losa brochain .i. do l.¤ , Laws v 488.10 Comm .

(c) cure, remedy , medicine, medicament : liaig rofocaill a l.¤ ┐ marbh e(e) . . . `a leech has declared that he is curable and [nevertheless] he died', BCrólige 11 gl.1 . créchta cen leges, LU 2425 . a coimeta leghis medicine containers, TBC-LL¹ 5509 . conid é in leges blegon sé fichet bó, Todd Nenn. lxxiv 10 . slainte nem-aidilcnech o legessaib, Alex. 844. medicina Dei .i. leges Dé, PH 6262 . na leighis do berar a substaint daingin, Gault. 99 . leigheas dileagtach a digestive, 63 . leighis cnedsaighti ┐ leighis fasda feola, 18 . an tan tinnsgnas an leigheas oibriugadh, 99 . do leith an leighis aenda ┐ . . . do leith an leighis comsuigigthi, 19 . cré na n-asbal . . . / maith an leigheas í ar an ainbhios, DDána 15.3 . na leighis is toil leis [an liaigh] do chur ribh (medicamenta), TSh. 8216 . leigheas . . . i n-aghaidh chraois, 371 .

(d) As vn. act of treating, curing, healing : airiut betit oca leghius `under cure', Laws ii 68.13 Comm . ceathraimhthi aithghena in ruip ara leighes, O'D. 2416 ( Rawl. 506, fo. 53 ). gidbe dib is lúga curub ed bes and do liaig ara legis, O'D. 1655 ( H 5.15, p. 22 ). inata leigis na rob, ibid. dogentar liumm do leigheass, IT i 125.4 ( TE 10 ). co fagbad liaig da leges, LU 3555 ( SCC 29 ). co ndernad a leges i mMaig Bréngair, LU 7980 ( BDD 164 ). smirammair . . . do ícc ┐ do leigess Chethirn, TBC-LL¹ 4421 . dáig ni gonad Cuchulaind nech ara térnád co m-beth cuit dó féin na legis, 2414 (i.e. no one whom he wounded would recover until he himself took a hand in treating him). ni beoda a dula cen geiss, / ma tá air-sium dluig legis, TFerbe 574 . an ccein baoí lámh Núadhat gá leighes, Leb. Gab.(i) 164.15 . ca múr . . . i ndingínter leighes ar láechraidi, CCath. 605 . dentar a leighis ┐ a lessugud co maith, Acall. 7141. an agum-sa gud leigus ┐ do cabur do crecht, ZCP vi 37.12 . iar leicches dall, ┐ loscc, BNnÉ 273 § 248 . sluagad la Magnus . . . dar es a legis `after he was cured', Ann. Conn. 1288.6 . ro chuir gach aon do bhí inleighis go háit a leighiste, Oss. iii 162.2 . do ním leigheas aniu, Luke xiii 32 .

Fig. Of delivering from sin, misfortune, etc.: bá liaig ic legius cháich, Lib. Hymn. i 176. 458 (ACC Comm.). teora hernaile do legius cech pheccaid in duine .i. martra ┐ baithes ┐ aithrige, PH 6428 . rohindisidh antí da tiucfad a leighes (of deliverance from famine), Ériu iii 154.31 .

? losnaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? losnaid or dil.ie/30718

n i, m.: dá óenrath sain, dá oenmuntind, da óenl.¤, da óenchaindill (of two warriors), TBC-LL¹ 5375 (`zwei einzige Flammen(?)'). In n. loc. i cath Chinn Losnada i mMaig Fea .i. losnad muice meic Dá Thó ro rannad ann, SG ii 457.25 (`flitch', 502.28 ) ( LL 316c33 ), but Plummer MS. notes suggests that it means tail. Bellum Cinn Losnado (no Ceall Losnaigh), AU i 28.19 (an. 490 ).

1 mac(c)rad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 mac(c)rad or dil.ie/31215
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: macroth, macrad, macradh, macraidh

n ā, f., (mac). macroth, TBC-I¹ 401 = macrad LU. macradh, IGT Dec. § 12.17 . macraidh, § 13 .

(a) sons (coll.), children, offspring: dorigset comarli cóir | maccrad amra Iacoib, SR 3534. a maccrad Iacoib!, 3605 . rí ro tidnacht bith ṁbuidnech . . . maínib maccraid with its treasures and offspring, 2635 . guid maccraid [macraith v.l.] . . . ind noíb Emiliáni, Fél. Aug. 22 (.i. E. cum .vii. filiis, ib. p. 188 Comm. )

(b) generally boys, youths (coll.): ro clos . . . son a garma | macraide caille Fochlad, Hy. ii 16. tech i mbatar in m.¤ oc cur in rothchlessa, FB 64. boí in macrad i mmaig in c[h]luchi 'the boytroop was in the playing field', TBC-I² 531 . scéla na maccáem ┐ na maccraide i nEmain, TBC-LL¹ 876. cath na Maccraide the battle of the youths, CRR 57. i n-urd fiansae macruidhe in the order of youthful championship, Ériu viii 173.1 . gillandrad ┐ macraid, Cog. 66.15 . banmaccrad girls , TBC-LL¹ 1360. macrad gréine (of host of Heaven), Studies 1930, 439.11 . Of young children (apparently only of the Holy Innocents): lín na macraide ro ches la Heróid, Lib. Hymn. i 38.25 . ro marb Hiruath in macraid i mBethil, PH 2837 , cf. 2661 , 6960 . Irúath do mharb an macraid, Maund. § 82. lā na macraidhi the Feast of the Innocents, Fl. Earls 96.25 .

mag

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mag or dil.ie/31274

Forms: mmág, m., mmag, maige, muge, mmuig, maig, mag, magh, mag, maig, muige, maige, maige, muig-, maig-, muig-, -i, mad(h), magha, maghaibh, magha, mhagha, mhuighe, maig, magh, mhoigh, maig, maige, maige

n s, n. n s. a mmág , Wb. 12a25 . m.¤ n-ísel, O'Mulc. 154. a s. issa mmag , FB 44. g s. maige; muge, LU 3579. d s. i mmuig , Ml. 37d9 ; Mid. Ir. maig, mag. v s. a magh mBregh! AU 918. a mag , Metr. Dinds. ii 16.2 . a maig , 10.1 . g du. i tuaith dá muige , IT i 41.24 . a p. (? n p.) inna maige , Ml. 48d12 . g p. clár-maige , SR 508. In Mid.Ir. muig- is common in disyll. forms, occasionally also in d s.; g s. maig- (muig-)e, -i , often prefixing h to a follg. vowel in place-names. Occasionally written mad(h): Laws ii 104.28 Comm. , Ériu v 114.3 . In late Mid. and early Mod.Ir. the pl. forms magha, maghaibh are common; g s. in magha , Fl. Earls 124.2 ; an mhagha , Bedell Psalms lxxx 13 , Dan. iv 15 (but: mar bhaladh mhuighe , Gen. xxvii 27 ). Treated as fem.: ar in maig féraig forluind, LU 2848. Later usually masc., IGT Introd. § 72. magh (m. and f., declined like teach), ib. IGT Decl. § 31 ; d s. don mhoigh ḟinn, ex. 889 .

(a) a plain, an open stretch of land , usually of an extensive area which may include minor elevations or depressions; freq. corresponds to Lat. campus. Applied to a country in the poetic name Mag Fáil = Ireland. cid caín déicsiu maigi Fail | annam iar gnáis Maige Máir, LU 10854 ( IT i 132 ). m.¤ find frismbein muir, Imr. Brain § 16. fonenaig Herenn iathmaige, Hy. iii 5. forosna iltuatha Herenn uas maig, ZCP iii 223.2 (glossed: uas cach). do prím-maigib hErend, IT i 127.24 . grían már desmaig Midi `on Meath's south plain', Fél. Prol. 226 (loc. case). d'ḟarcsin maigi mor-[ḟ]arsiṅg Mide, TBC-LL¹ 5018. a muig Mairt in the Campus Martius, PH 1825. for senmaig Elta, LL 5b45 = seanmadh, BB 24a19 . for mag mBreg, IT iii 17.3 . bid ro-mag cach ro-ḟid every forest will become a great plain, RC xxvi 44 § 228. fosaighit in cath 'gan muigh sin, Aen. 2517. i mmaig muintire nime, FA 7 = i mmuig LB. i ṁmaig nime, Fél. Nov. 7. do muigh nimhe, BNnÉ 283.25 . Freq. in place-names, folld. by gen., see Hog. Onom. Fig.: i mmag n-aesa .i. for lethet aísi, RC xxvi 26 § 90. m.¤ Réin the ocean (poet.): tar Maig Rén (.i. tar an ffairge), AFM i 112.14 ; see rían. m.¤ Mell, see 3 mell.

(b) in restricted sense a field or green attached to a fort, dwelling, etc. , or used for a special purpose (often in composition with a preceding defining noun); nearly always of uncultivated land . dirróggel . . . Ochter nAchid cona seilb iter fid ┐ m.¤ ┐ lenu wood, field and meadow, Thes. ii 239.16 ( Ardm. 17b1 ). rob ail don rechtaire ar in muidhe sin to plough that field, Ériu v 114.4 . robo imdegail cacha slabrai dūn itir m.¤ ┐ tech (of a watch-dog), TBC-I¹ 536. arna raibe scís maigi nā taighi weariness in going out or coming in, Acall. 6584. ar madh na cille, ZCP xii 291.26 . asin cluche-maig play-field , FB 91 , cf. TBC-I¹ 383 , TBC-LL¹ 878. co forodmaig na hEmna, TBC-LL¹ 896. im rasas do murmaige `of thy sea-marsh', Laws i 166.27 . magh taghaill ( = tadaill) the world , ZCP x 50.16 . do chloinn mhuighe thadhaill, PBocht 83 § 19. g s. as attrib.: corcair maige , LU 10852 ( IT i 132 ). míl maige , see 1 míl. Of a field of battle: as cind ( = ós c.?) ind ārmaige, TFerbe 724 . cia ri ruc buáid in maighi | hi torchair mac Fergaile?, ZCP xiii 6.21 .

Fig.: atcii Cuchulaind brundiu na hingene . . . conadh ann aspert . . . `cain an m.¤ so, m.¤ alcuing', ZCP iii 237 § 27 (T. Emere).

(c) in Laws a technical term denoting a certain space or distance: anadh n-aine isin aonmagh uais, Laws ii 106.5 . muighe do riaguil ó forus in bidhbuidh co forus in fechiuman toicheda the `magh'-spaces from the residence of the defendant to the residence of the plaintiff shall regulate it (sc. the length of stay in pound), 104.25 Comm. Defined: is é m.¤ na hathgabala annso airiut rocluintiur guth cluic no gair in cailigh cearc, 108.22 Comm. ; equated with `faithche na mbech' and ` f. na bera airnil' (is iatsin tri muige comarda in seanchusa), ib. 24 .

(d) in advl. phrases with prep.: a mmaig ` out of the plain' = from without ; an early expression which became obsolete in Mid.Ir. owing to confusion with i mmaig . cingthiseom tarsin cathraig ammuig co rrabi thall i mmedón na cathrach, FB 88. tolléci aurchor de tar cathir ammuig (= into the fort), 82 . co tuc cucai amuig . . . co mbai i mmedon na haircce took in (the dove), SR 2575. dia tuc leó . . . ammaig | cenn de Olferne 'sin cathraig, 7227 .

de maig ` from the plain', from without: gairid dam-so Finnabair do maig!, ZCP iv 43.1 . asna hilberlaibh tucsat leo di muich from abroad, Auraic. 1044. do riacht Partholon do mhuich, Leb. Gab.(i) i 44.21 .

i mmag out, outwards , see immach.

i mmaig outside , see 1 immaig.

Compds. mag-ar o, m. cultivated land, ploughland: maghar .i. magh air no treabhtha, O'Cl. Slige Mór mó cech mag-ar `greater than any tilled plain', Metr. Dinds. iii 282. ros-marb dar cach m., iv 74 . ¤brug m. a level march or district: tar magbrugaibh na hEtáile, CCath. 1259. ¤daire an oak-forest on a plain: side gaethe dar cend m. machaire, LL 189a15 (but see also mag- below). ¤less m.: i n-iath Muirid na mag-les `of the lowland steads', Metr. Dinds. ii 30. ¤réid i, adj.: 'mon tir . . . madreid minscothaich Erend ` smooth-plained ', Cog. 52.17 . Usually as subst.: hi maigreidh na hinnsi level surface, RC ix 468.5 . madhreigh, Acall. 4424. do graigib for magreidib, SR 308. do cechaing . . . for magredib mac nIsrahel, Alex. 455. tar madhredhib na hEtaili, Aen. 2781. CCath. 4766. maighreidhe an tíre . . . do shiubhal, AFM v 1264.12 . ¤roen m.: co nderna luaithreadh . . . dona maghraenaibh `field-roads', CCath. 3143. ¤rót m.: is e sin treisi . . . fo thiagaid na heich sin isin madhrod plain-road , ZCP x 298.17 . ¤sliab n. (m.) a table-land, plateau: rancatar . . . indsi móir ┐ mag mor inti ┐ m.¤-sliab mór inti . . . issé férach slemon, RC x 62. caill maighshlebhe, Acall. 885. ar muigh nó ar maighsléib, O'Gr. Cat. 487.15. tar muinchind an maighshléibhe, Hugh Roe fo. 6a .

odrán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. odrán or dil.ie/33501

Forms: Odrán

n o, m. dim. of odor. As name of a drinking-horn: Odhrán ind óir, Acall. 138. As npr. m. Odrán (name of Patrick's charioteer), Trip. 218.6 . Odran o Disiurt Ódrain, 266.1 . Odrán sab sóer snámach, Fél. Oct. 27 , with Comm.: Odran o Letraigh Odrain . . . nó i Gair meic Moga ata .i. indsola i Corcaduibne ┐ for snam dochuaid innti, 228.22 . mac Odhrain, AU 820.

For association of the name with odor, cf. the follg.: Odran a mMaig Breg . . . eter Odru Temra thuaid, | he sein in fogur dia fail | in tOdor eter Odraib, ZCP viii 266 § 32. `Odra Temrach' or se [sc. Odrán]. `Bi-siu and dano' ol Cormac. Is de ata odor eter odraib, LL 271a6 , 7 (same story), cf. RC xxv 26 § 9 . M. O'Briain, ZCP xiv 325 , suggests that odor < Indog. *udros `watery' passed through the successive meanings ` watery' > `water-animal' (= otter) > otter- coloured , and that the tribe-name Odorraige or Odraige = ` otter-folk ', hence the saying: in t-odur eter odraib = `the otter among otters'. Cf. the epithet snámach in Fél. Oct. 27 quoted above and the note in Comm., which may embody a bit of folk-lore.

rúac, ruaic

Cite this: eDIL s.v. rúac, ruaic or dil.ie/35605

Forms: rúag, rúaig, ruagchath

n ā, f. rúag f., IGT Dec. § 39.13 . rúaig f., § 42.8 .

(a) A rush, dash; gen. in hostile sense, an onset, attack: tri chét . . . dorochair leis sin n-oenrúaic, LL 205b15 . triur do bhrisedh gach aon ruaig, IT ii2 145.598 . ro impadar . . . do tabairt ruaca dhoibh, ┐ ni ro foemad uatha in ruaic, ALC i 216.19 . gach ain fer do bered air, do rinn ruaga, Celt. Rev. iv 18.9 . Garb rige na rúac rot `of the bold raids', Metr. Dinds. iv 204 . an mac righ sin na ruag te, Irish Texts ii p. 43 § 26 . seabhac na ruag, Hackett xxxix 108 . Without hostile sense: ag dol dó 'na rúaig fán ccrannaigh, BNnÉ 138 vii 9 , cf. 139.42 . gluaisim don ruaig sin im sháir-rioth | go hEochaill, Keat. Poems 453 .

(b) Esp. a rout , in ruac i mMaig Adar . . . ria n-óa Lachlaind, LL 183b11 ( Arch. Hib. ii 63 § 66 ). do chuir N. an ruaig . . . orrtha put them to flight , IT ii2 142.515 . tugais na Gulla fa ruaig, Cog. 80.8 . a Úa Gofraid nar gab ruaic who suffered not aefeat , Irish Texts ii p. 44 § 29 . a frithguin na ruaga, AU iii 436.14 . ag leanmhain na ruaige, Keat. ii 1480 . ba réidh gach ro-choill do na ruaghaibh the fugitives , ML 142.12 .

(c) fig. a course, career : lé hógaibh . . . ag breith a ruag reabhraidh, TSh. 523 . damh is dual a ruaig do ríomhadh to recount his career , Hackett xxxix 7 . Cf. an fersa gabhait na ruaig `which the mighty recite', BNnÉ 170.17 .

Compds. n ruagchath a battle-onslaught , TSh. 3129 . ¤mer: ad rigda ruaigmhera ba[r] riga `furiously routing', Aen. 2455 .

scaraid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. scaraid or dil.ie/36327
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: scart, roscéaraidh, scarad, scarthain

v ā, Usually with ē-fut. in Mid.Ir. ( noscairiub, Ml. 43a23 , see GOI § 651 ). A t-pret. occurs in: ro scart , TBC-LL¹ 948 , 1382 (see under (g) infra). In Ó Bruad. also with stem scéar-: rear scéar, Ó Bruad. ii 32.4 . roscéaraidh (: fhoscéalaibh), 140.10 . re ar scéaradh, 198.23 . IGT Verbs § 28 . Vn. scarad, scarthain.

I Trans.

(a) separates, parts : bendacht for ríg na nhuile | ron scar, a c[h]naim senbuide (to a tooth), Trip.² 1625 . scérthar a leccni, benfader a fhiacla as a chind, PH 1118 (will be destroyed? Cf. (g) infra).

(b) most commonly in phr. s.¤ x fri y separates, severs x from y: noeb is núibhuaga . . . | scérdair frisin slóg i mmaig | bertair isin morchathraig, SR 443 = scerthair, MacCarthy 40.14 . ni sinn rotscar frit sluagu, SR 1735 . scéraidh soin rígh re ríghain, IGT Verbs ex. 292 . Of the separation of body and soul: anim Patraicc fria chorp | is iar sáethaib roscarad, Hy. ii 63 . bātar tra demain ┐ aingil ic imchosnum 'mon anum ō do scarsat frisin corp hé, ACL iii 226.9 .

(c) in same construction deprives of, cuts off from, relieves of: níb scara fri bar pecthu `(your faith) . . . doth not sever you from your sins', Wb. 13b19 . fear ris ro scara a cond ┐ fer ro scara frisin domun, Laws v 234.22 . ro scar fria náire is fria nert | dag-mnái Dáire deprived of her modesty, Metr. Dinds. iii 134.11 . cia rét . . . non-scérad fri grád Crist? in ron-scérai tréblait? PH 5873 . ba lor leis do biudh inní no scaradh fri accurus as much as would keep him from hunger, CCath. 1183 . conid hí ind fingal sain ro scar rīgi nÉirenn fri claind Echach D., ZCP viii 317.14 . Dia sgéarus inn ris gach n-olc, Dán Dé xxvii 27 . go sgarfadh an Fhiann leis a cheann would have cut off his head, Oss. iv 82.4 . do scar in cloidemh na deich ndeslámha fiched riu cut off, Comp. CC 113.29 . s.¤ láma fri: atiur-sa brethir . . . na scér-sa lama riu ca slaide ┐ ic a n-essargain I will be unremitting in my attacks on them, TBC-LL¹ 4450 . cona ro scar lāmha fris go ro eidirdelaigh a cenn rea chúilmēidhe, ZCP xiv 232.12 .

(d) with other prepp.: cip e . . . ingaibes na huli ulcu-sa . . . scerthar . . . o phéin na híttad, PH 5624 . scarthais Día dá cech dis daibh | forba (sic leg.) saethair na sen-náeimh withheld from each pair of them, BNnÉ 97.1 . marbhaid an t-anam do bhríogh go sgarthar leó ó Dhia é because it is taken from them by God, TSh. 1486 .

(e) with cognate accus.: nib [ṡ]ursan sccaradh sccarmait, BNnÉ 313 § 5 .

(f) spreads out, unfolds : scarais iarum a forbrat | i taig, glossed .i. scailis `spread', Hy. v 34 . a Brigit scar ós mo chind | do bratt find dom anacul, LL 308a48 ( SG 389.16 ). scar dam . . . forgemen mo charpait fóm, TBC-LL¹ 3285 . scarais .i. sgaoilis no sreathnaighis, O'Cl. iss ed ro-da-scara in scél 'this is the story that demonstrates it' Ériu xx 196 § 19 .

(g) in sense of do-scara destroys, knocks down :? scarais a hech cenn abréit (`severed'), Hy. v 55 (see note). sruth aile .i. donither isin sruth .i. scara[s] sruth destroys, Laws v 270.25 Comm. (cf. trascrus, ib.). scarais coica rígmac im thalmain díb foe, TBC-LL¹ 920 (trasgrais, v.l.). co ro scart maccu na curad . . . ar dorus a llis, 948 . Cf. mac bec . . . bar ro scart na curaid, 1382 (.i. ro trascair, St.).

II Intrans.

(a) separates, parts : in tan scermait when we shall part, Trip.² 811 . co ro scarsatar fo osadh, AU i 508.x . scarait . . . oc Beluch da Liac, LU 2936 . scérdait far n-óendili i fat, TBC-LL¹ 2796 . o chonrāngatar . . . | nī scērat is nī scarfat, RC xxxvii 348 § 73 . o scerait, ┐ o na biat imale (landlord and tenant), Laws iii 144.8 Comm . ro badh ferr linn na sccarmais, BNnÉ 313 § 5 .

(b) departs, vanishes, is dissipated : atbathsat slúaig síde Truim | ro scarsatar a morgluind no longer do they perform great deeds, LU 3569 ( SCC 29 ). ar na scarait (sic leg.) trí haige bruithi and that it be never without three boiled joints, Laws i 48.2 Comm . an lá sgéaras Dia fa dhiomdhaidh when God departs (`when God . . . separates us'), Dán Dé xii 7 . an uair ghébhas [bás] do chomarba . . . ní scéra cen anmchairdes fair he will not depart (this life), BNnÉ 14.8 . Note also: ni scel do scar gan dogra was disseminated, Irish Texts ii 58 § 13 .

Of contracts, agreements, lapses : ō ro scarsatar ar cuir 'since our agreements have lapsed', SR (Adam and Eve) 72.1725 .

(c) In phr.: s.¤ x fri y x separates, parts from y: na scarad frisin fer, Wb. 10a3 . roscarsam frib, 24d26 . ba méite limm ni scartha friumm, 29d8 . arna rascra a menme contra (= fri) deum, Thes. ii 253.7 (Stowe M.). ro scarus-[s]a rut is rot' chlaind, SR 2031 . nomad loighi na con in gach cuilen dia cuilena, no in cait, co ro scarsat riu, ┐ o scerait, is smacht unnta, Laws iii 378.26 Comm . sochaide scaras fria choemu, TBC-LL¹ 195 . ni scér-sa frib-si, 1140 . scerdait a óicc fria tairsech, Three Hom. 110.20 . sgéarad . . . rem chloinn, DDána 57.23 . bidh anos sccérfus do spiorat red chorp, BNnÉ 56 § 61 . ag Cairbre L. trá scaraid Oirghialla . . . ré clannaibh Néill branch off from (in genealogy), Keat. ii 5546 .

(d) in same construction relinquishes, gives up, is without, desists from: in tan noscairiub frisna huili deithidnea, Ml. 43a23 . in corp marbde frissa roscar-som, Wb. 3a14 . noscarinn friu gl. detrimenta, 24a4 . marudscarsid fri tola, 27a30 . ro-scarsat friae (fidem), 28a20 . roscarsat fri hiriss, 29b22 . in tain scaras fria thola, Thes. ii 247.7 (Cambr.). 18 . ro scar fri féle, SR 3216 . indid F. . . . | roscar fri míadh Cluana móir?, AU i 442.19 . scérait fri airfitiud in domain seo, LU 2402 . in tan no scairiub frim chrí when I die, ZCP vii 308.26 . dia ro scardais fria cloissin if they ceased to hear it, Ériu ii 128 § 96 . ní scarat mná re baoís, iii 148 § 3 . Dún Tulcha . . . | ní scéra re deg-seanchaid will never be without a good storyteller, iv 150.z . nir scara (ní scere, v.l.) fri hordan n-old mayst thou never lose, IT iii 16 § 41 = Bruchst. i § 16 . do sgar sé re meanmain móir | . . . | do bhí go dearóil dá deoin, Dán Dé ii 14 . roscair si friom oirchisecht (: ro-chair) she has ceased to pity me, BS 54.12 .

Note also: doscar saerbrigh re cach clainn strength has departed from every tribe, MacCarthy 426 § 6 . go scar lán rem lámhuibh-si `until fulness leaves my hands' (i.e. till my hands are empty), Ériu ix 165.z . nocha sgéra brígh an bennaicht | re síl Énna, IGT Decl. ex. 847 .

(e) with ó: ro scaradar fir Érenn ó Themraigh ┐ ó chéili, Comp. CC 114.19 .

(f) with OCUS: da scaraind gan troit is tú if you and I should part without conflict, TBC-LL¹ 3679 . gar sgar mé is mhac M., Aithd. D. 10.36 . ní sgéar ┐ Muire mhór, Dán Dé xxvii 34 . do Chinél A. . . . | dobhér uaim uille airmhe, | sgeurad sa[n] dream . . . | is bérad leam Laoghaire (a poet recounting a genealogy), Irish Texts iv 51 § 18 . cionnus scerfaimne ┐ iadsomh fri a roile, Leb. Gab.(i) 198.15 . Note also: o'n lá thuit C. . . . | níor sgarais ó shoin acht ar ár dtí thou hast never ceased to pursue us, Oss. vi 12.23 .

Part. brat scartha, Laws iv 184.12 . a anom ┐ a chorp . . . sgartha ré 'roile, Desid. 6241 . air na mbeith sgartha o bheatha Dé, Donlevy xxiv 28 .

sellaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sellaid or dil.ie/37069

v ā (sell) Trans. sees, perceives : tromṡluag . . . | i mMaig Ailbe rosellad, LL 44a40 (= ro fealladh, Uí Maine 171va8 ). sellais in ni sin, Cog. 196.4 .

Intrans. s.¤ fri looks to (?): sasad sluaig (? leg. sūile) sochaidi | sellat fri caem-Chainnech, RC xx 146.27 (ACC Pref.). s.¤ FOR (AR) looks upon, gazes at: fearrdacht (= nocht a or nochta, D IV 1, 2rb36 ) fir | ro seall fair (= ro ṡil fair, D iv 1), Lec. 286ra9 . seallais súas . . . | ar aird-righ nimhe, BNnÉ 176.1 . ? s.¤ tar looks over : sellus tar (sic leg.?) triattonn toata, KZ xxxiii 82.8 .

See 1 sillid.

1 sin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 sin or dil.ie/37567
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: sin, sein, sen, sain, sein, sein, sein, sein, sein, sein, sein, sein, sein, sein, sein, sein, sen, sain, sin, sain, sain, sain, sain, sain, sain, insain, sain, sain, sain, sain, t-ár-sain, sain, séin, iaid-séin, ainnséin, díbh-séin, ei-séin, sine, saine, sene, sini, saine, sine, furri-sene, īarsine, sinee, sei-sean, choigil-sean, n-ainm-sean, dóibh-sean, thoirnsean, orthaibhsean, sion, aigesion, leision, rision, ṡáithsion, bhfághaid-sion, air-sion, san, ionnta-san, ronua-san, a-tá-san, dhol-san, riu-san, dorat-san, atá-san, siad-san, shon-san, son, aitheanta-son, sin, sraitsin, beathaid-sin, deallraidhsin, ṡáithsion, luicht-sin, Maic-sin, bairr-sin, iaid-séin, aim-sin, riui-séin, iarlaisin, dhoi-séin, hÚnai-sin, issin

adv. and demonstr.pron there; that, those (see exx. cited under II (i) below).

Forms. In O.Ir. Glosses always sin, which is the most usual form at all periods. Later also sein, sen, and sain (after non-palatal ending). sein: iar sein , Thes. ii 308.2 ( Hy. ii pref . ). sein (substantival), ib. Thes. ii 308. 23 (do. Comm.). iar sein , SR 3777 (: oentreib). 3705 (: oengein). sein is the form most freq. used by scribe A of LU: í sein , LU 565 . dóib sein , 111 . iar sein , 1231 . ass sein , 4504 . Rare elsewhere in LU: insind aidchi sein , 1545 . sí sein , 8620 . Other instances: Trip.² 447 , 1162 , 2609 . Hib. Min. p. 5.152 , p. 2.29 . MacCarthy 48.22 ( LB 110a ). Corm. Y 206 . From the second half of the Mid.Ir. period this form becomes rare in prose. It does not occur in PH, Aisl. MC or Maund. It remains in bardic verse: (rug) sein, DDána 40.14 (: neimh), 40.13 (gcneidh). It does not occur in TD.

Less freq. sen: Thes. ii 255.7 (Stowe M.), 253.16 (do.), 252.14 (do.). Laws iv 210.y , 206.9 , 190.14 . Corm. Y 110 . LU 911 .

sain: in LU used by both A and M (H seems always to use sin but material not exhaustive). A: and sain , 13 . iat sain , 27 . in recht sain , 133 . isind luc sain , 50 . M: in sét sain , 2158 . isind inud sain , 4094 . insain, 5544 , 9243 . iar sain , 9251 , 9227 .

Other instances of sain: a macsamla sain, SR 5367 (: genair). doib sain , 2761 (: hilberlaib), 4328 (: glain), TBC-LL¹ 5581 . CRR 21 . Laws iv 176.2 . From bardic verse: dhóibh sain , Dán Dé vi 4 (: Peadair). an t-ár-sain , DDána 115.2 (: mhair). sain (substantival), 69.22 (: thosaigh).

Later soin: ō hoin, RSláinte 4747 . ó shoin, IGT Decl. ex. 315 (= Studies 1924, 80 § 6 ). DDána 110.29 (: goimh). ó soin, 54.8 , 39.5 (: thobhoigh).

A form with a long vowel, séin, occurs only in bardic verse and is usually introduced for the sake of the rhyme: iaid-séin, DDána 54.15 (: chéill). ainnséin, TD 21.26 (: féin). Without rhyme: díbh-séin, DDána 96.25 . ei-séin, 80.21 .

Occas. also sine, saine, sene, regarded by Meyer, Wortk. 228 , as an analogical formation on the model of side, saide, sede: iar sini , LU 5245 (H). iar saine (`apart'), Metr. Dinds. iii 114.59 (= LL 195a2 ). ib. 392.81 (iarsine, v.l.) = LL 198b11 . YBL 126b26 . sine, Anecd. ii 35 § 15 (: aile). furri-sene, MacCongl. 3.19 . īarsine (iarsain, v.l. LL), ZCP iv 40.18 (TBFr., Eg.). in tinnscra sinee (sic), ib. 39.7 (= sin, TBFr. App. § 14 (YBL)).

Forms with neutral final first appear in bardic verse ( frie-seon, IT i 75.2 ( LL 260b27 ) is undoubtedly an error for -seom), sean and sion after a palatal ending, san and, rarely, son after a neutral. They occur only as enclitics replacing O.Ir. -som, -si. sean: sei-sean, DDána 69.22 . do choigil-sean , 104.24 . a n-ainm-sean , 100.15 (: lean). dóibh-sean, 63.7 (: cneadh). níor thoirnsean , TD 32.26 . orthaibhsean, 12.11 .

sion (very common in TD): ei-sion, DDána 98.33 (deisiol). aigesion, TD 23.17 . leision, 16.23 . rision, 16.15 . a ṡáithsion , 33.10 . go bhfághaid-sion , Donlevy 42.23 . air-sion, 56.13 .

san: ionnta-san, DDána 122.17 . a cruth . . . ronua-san , 114.26 . a-tá-san, 71.24 . a dhol-san , 69.21 . riu-san, Stair Erc. 1865 . dorat-san, 211 . amhail atá-san , TSh. 284 . siad-san, 4945 . a shon-san , Donlevy 30.16 .

son: a aitheanta-son , Donlevy 52.9 .

With devoicing and delenition of a preceding final: ant sin , Ml. 36a1 . an sraitsin , IGT Decl. ex. 1012 . na beathaid-sin , Dán Dé iv 13 (: fhaicsin). an deallraidhsin , xiv 25 (: thuigsin). But as a rule the final is not affected: in chruth sin, Wb. 12d19 , 13b17 . in chrud sin, 13a6 . and sin, Ml. 72d1 . na . . . maccáin maith sin, Fél. Aug. 2 . a ṡáithsion , TD 33.10 . In bardic verse, sin palatalizes the preceding final (see IGT Introd. § 150 ): an luicht-sin , Dán Dé xvii 26 . an Maic-sin , v 33 . an bairr-sin , DDána 84.42 . iaid-séin, 54.15 . mun aim-sin , 80.22 . TD 8.9 . ag an chrích Albainsin, 24.2 . So also with glide-vowel: riui-séin, DDána 117.2 . don iarlaisin , TD 17.35 . dhoi-séin, Butler Poems 1582 . na hÚnai-sin , 360 .

Usage.

A As adverb (? original use): `nachamdermainte . . .' ised no biad s.¤ it is `forget me not . . .' that would have been there, Ml. 32d5 . ní epur ní s.¤ `I say nothing therein', Sg. 73b6 . docuirethar cétna persan s.¤ persana aili chucae `a first person here (better there) takes other persons to it', 191a2 . roansat sin in dām, Anecd. i 73 § 214 . cotailsiu s.¤ bic a Chu Chulaind, LU 6310 . ni fil brig s.¤ tra, IT i 140.25 .

B As demonstrative,

I Adjectival (usually enclitic).

(a) with article and noun, that, the above-mentioned, the before-mentioned : in chumal s.¤ , Thes. ii 240.3 (Ardm.). a ndéde s.¤ , Wb. 25d8 . dinaib preceptorib s.¤ , 5a4 . a buidigud dosom int soirtha s.¤ `to thank Him for that deliverance', Ml. 62c6b . in Fiac s.¤ , Thes. ii 307.3 ( Hy. II pref . ). cechtar de na da flesc-sain, SR 4328 . in tUath mac Imomain s.¤ , LU 9006 ( FB 75 ). an t-Iruath s.¤ , Maund. 82 . an triur-soin ón tigh neamhdha, DDána 9.12 . mac inghine an Aodha-soin, TD 13.52 . an bhean úd s.¤ , Keat. Poems 76 . Exx. without article: bethusin, Ml. 53c14 . iarsétsain, SR 1687 .

When the subst. is qualified by an adj., sin follows the adj.: a timne sainemail s.¤ , Wb. 3c33 . in euin utmaill s.¤ , Ml. 127c12 . otha na teora bliadna suiri s.¤ , Laws iv 164.6 . dend Eoganacht áinsin, Fél. Oct. 20 . in cumhadh céatna s.¤ , Leb. Cert. 142.15 . fan Magh Laignechsin, Irish Texts ii 28 § 22 .

uile, however, follows sin: ind rétai s.¤ huili, Wb. 5c16 . a met na ree sein uile, SR 141 .

When the subst. is defined by a definite noun in the gen., sin precedes this: don dlúim máir s.¤ inna pecthach, Wb. 9d5 . in gnim s.¤ in tengad, Ml. 31b24 . na bāi s.¤ Echdi Echbēil, Corm. Y 585 . in laithi sen in brātha, 110 . an Maic-sin Dé, Dán Dé v 33 . ic sibul an mhara s.¤ na hIndía, Maund. 240 . mar do bhí an Conaillsin Cuinn, TD 2.36 .

When the dependent genitive is indefinite, sin follows it: a llaa mbrithemnacte s.¤ , Wb. 6b26 . forsa cenélae metir s.¤ , Sg. 8a13 . an lucht feasa s.¤ , PCT 193 . The follg. are exceptional: in cethardoit s.¤ tire, Laws iv 164.10 . ag an chrích Albainsin, TD 24.2 .

Note also: ar nipa dóir a teg n-oiged s.¤ in spirito, Wb. 4a7 .

(b) With O.Ir. (h)í and follg. sin: adib mogæ indí s.¤ `ye are servants of Him', Wb. 3b15 . dindí s.¤ `of Him', 7a2a . talam nání s.¤ `the land of those (people)', 9b19 . inti s.¤ gl. qui, 15d19 . arnaib hi s.¤ gl. illis, Ml. 117b4 . lasinni s.¤ `with him', 36a7 . donaib hi s.¤ `to them', 54b19 . foropoir indhí s.¤ `that man's special business', Mon. Tall. 16 (133.17) . ised dicit hisindi-sein, Hib. Min. 5.152 . ní beram aichni inní s.¤ `we do not know such a one', Imr. Brain 64 .

(c) (h)í-sin with noun and article: int Alaxander hísin, Wb. 28a20 . ní fristait in béstatid n-isin, 12d39 . a mbás n-isin, 15d12 . trisin n-impúd n-isin, Ml. 93a18 . huana fochaidib hisin, 54a18 . ond rainn inmedonich hísin ind aitrebthado, Sg. 198a13 . in fer hísin, Imr. Brain 32 . frissin cróib ísin, 2 . fri ceilebrad ind líthlaithi hisin, Trip.² 439 . forsain choire n-īsin (MS. niṡin), Corm. Y 323 (p. 28.6) . an tech í-sin, Sc.M² R 5 . ind fer ísin, Mon. Tall. 76 (159.2) . forsin n-imarchor n-ísin, LU 5625 (TBC). lasin screich í sin, IT i 67.8 . issé in t-imper ísin Constantinoble doní patrierca, Maund. 30 (transltd. `the Emperor in C.', ? better that emperor of C. Cf. acan imper C., 23 ). forind arracht n-ingnathach hisin, Stair Erc. 1285 . frisin torathar hisin, 1263 .

(d) with noun preceded by possessive (rare in O.Ir.): a fius sin knowledge of that, Wb. 10b27 . a macsamla sain, SR 5367 . a rád s.¤ , MU² 114 . fail a mor-abba dam-sa sain, CRR 18 . a n-anmanna sin, MacCongl. 77.18 . i ló a bheirthei-sean, DDána 17.24 . atá an fairrgi a comard s.¤ ann comadh dóigh . . ., Maund. 180 . a aitherrach s.¤ do fregra, 27 . a bhfulang s.¤ , TSh. 6218 .

(e) with conjugated prepp. (when the pron. implied has neuter or abstract force, and when the prep. retains the stress, i.e. does not merely replace by the form of 3 s.n. the O.Ir. simple prep.). Here, later, freq. but not always, sin replaces O.Ir. -som, -si (see next section): as s.¤ , PH 3186 . Maund. 8 . is samlid s.¤ dano bid ícc disi tuistiu claindde, Wb. 28b17 . niba samlid doemsa mo thuaid insin `it will not be so that I shall defend my people', Ml. 37c20 . is samlid insin, 34b6 . amlaid s.¤ , LU 2154 ( FA 22 ). ni hamhlaid s.¤ dobí, Maund. 118 . air s.¤ , Imr. Brain 60 . LU 8555 ( FB 41 ). is airi insin rocualasu guth m'ernaigdese, Ml. 50d7 . is airi insin darigensat, Sg. 213a1 . ? is airi nobíth digaimm leo ante ρ sin, 9b10 (Edd.'s note: ` sin might go with is airi ', cf. Ml. 37c20 , cited above). airi sein, LU 767 ( ACC Comm . ). a testa de-s.¤ , Sc.M² 6 . conid de s.¤ atát na trenae samna, LU 3226 ( SCC 1 ). de s.¤ , Stair Erc. 294 . is dó sein arróet som in ainm is Cotraigi, IT i 17.32 . is dó-sin as-rubrad, Sc.M² R 1 . is úas in sluinnsius foi s.¤ , LU 803 ( ACC Comm . ). is sí cétbaid ala n-aile ant s.¤ `that is the opinion of some there', Ml. 36a1 . is [s]ruithiu la Feine in foesam and-sen oldás . . ., Laws iv 206.9 . and s.¤ , Trip.² 168 . and s.¤ there, LU 2096 . ann s.¤ then, Stair Erc. 838 . iarmu s.¤ after that, IT i 120.30 ( TE 5 ). iarma s.¤ , PH 5656 . i comfhat ro bátar immi sain, MU² 306 . imme-sin, PH 12 . uimme-sin, 625 . leis s.¤ do thréig féin a uile mhaitheas, TSh. 364 . batar fri cíana móir oca s.¤ , LU 3289 ( SCC 8 ). do bhí a ḟios aigesion, TD 23.17 . reimhe-s.¤ before, Sc.M² R 18 . riamh roimhe s.¤ , PCT 170 . ná ciontaigh sinn seacha s.¤ , DDána 25a.15 . trit s.¤ on that account, Maund. 26 .

(f) replacing O.Ir. -som, -si with verbs and pronn.: táncatar s.¤ . . . da mórad áig ┐ urgaile, MU² 577 . ra-chuala sain Carpre, CRR 45 . dollotar sain co Tráig mBále, 10 . ro-ercransat s.¤ uli amal foscad no ciaig, PH 4265 . mar [do] mhaith soin, Dán Dé v 30 . atbert s.¤ , Maund. 34 . iaid-séin (: chéill), DDána 54.15 . eision agus i-se, 98.33 . sei-sean, 69.22 . siadsan, TSh. 4945 . íatsan, Maund. 157 . demmun aridralistar s.¤ `a demon has contrived it', Mon. Tall. 66 (153.27) . dosrat s.¤ ina théig libair, MacCongl. 9.21 .

II Substantival (stressed) (in O.Ir. usually in sin see GOI § 482 ) except after prepp.

(a) after simple prepp. (in some cases later replaced by petrified 3 s.n., e.g. faoi sin, ann sin see I (e) above): a s.¤ `therefrom', Ml. 59a21 . is follus a s.¤ tra `hence then it is clear', Sg. 5a10 . amal s.¤ , PH 116 . nonsóirni a dæ ar s.¤ `on account of that', Ml. 136c11 . a eneclainn co s.¤ anall, Críth G. 264 . cen aithgne a litri có s.¤ , Trip.² 97 . fo anmchairdini E. robúisom co s.¤ anald, Mon. Tall. 136.13 . doruménair co s.¤ combá mac dond ríg hé, LU 1676 . scela in chatha co s.¤ , PH 7267 . di s.¤ dulluid in t-aingel cuci `then', Thes. ii 242.3 (Ardm.). ní torban dom níi di s.¤ `nothing of that profits me', Wb. 12b32 . di s.¤ gl. exinde, Ml. 90d13 . is di ṡ.¤ asberr séra , Sg. 183b3 . ro mórad ainm nDé . . . di sein, Trip.² 548 . coir duit mo marbad di ṡhain, SR 1531 . dessimrecht . . . do s.¤ , Wb. 25d8 . is fochetoir trá fo s.¤ `then in that case it is at once (?)', Ml. 42c24 . ind ḟír fo ṡ. `truly according to that', Sg. 106a5 . a canar dind offriund for sen `thereafter', Thes. ii 252.14 (Stowe M.). cid as dénti fri s.¤ , `what is to be done with reference to that', Wb. 12d41 . is i s.¤ rafetar [a]ngil `it is therein that angels know Him', 28c12 . hi s.¤ there, 33b7 . issin therein, 12d5 (ref. to isinbiuthso gl. in hoc mundo, 12d4 ). hi s.¤ here, Sg. 61b13 . ni taet guth isson (`leg. issen = issin?' Edd.) `here no voice cometh', Thes. ii 253.7 (or to son?). dlomis fíacc dóib iar s.¤ `afterwards', 242.14 (Ardm.). isint senmim dedenach ar ni bia senim terchomric iar s.¤ , Wb. 13d18 . iar sein gl. iarum, Thes. ii 315.40 . ní bu chían íar s.¤ coráncatar tír inna mban, Imr. Brain 62 . íar s.¤ , MU² 1025 (LU). iar s.¤ , Maund. 154 . la s.¤ `therewith', Thes. ii 291.15 ( Ml. Poems I ). la s.¤ didiu atraigh in t-ēicsīne, Corm. Y p. 70.3 . o sein (o ṡein, v.l.) ille, Thes. ii 308.4 ( Hy. II pref . ). trīcha laithe . . . | ō ṡ.¤ co cenn a uide, Bruchst. 57 § 128 ( AFM 1022 A.D . ). ro gell . . . na fegbad Erind o ṡein immach from that time onwards, LU 306 ( ACC Pref . ). Áth Féinne a ainm o ṡain ille since then, TBC-LL¹ 4948 . ó shoin i le, Dán Dé vi 5 . ó ṡoin, Maund. 102 . ó s.¤ , ib. ó shoin amach, TSh. 75 . ó s.¤ a le, PCT 75 . ac s.¤ chucut do ríg, PH 4376 . ní cúalatar guth dæ re s.¤ `before that', Ml. 102d7 . ná[d] roga(i)b seilb ná comarbus ria s.¤ , Críth G. 37 . an immon (= immáin) sech s.¤ īarom dognīat na bāi, Corm. Y 674 . tri s.¤ gl. perinde, Ml. 60b15 .

(b) with cenmothá and íarmothá: a chommaín cinn bliadna cenmothā s.¤ , Sc.M² 2 . na ocht grad cenmothá s.¤ , SR 785 . cach fuasnud iarmotha s.¤ cin indurba, Laws ii 290.24 .

(c) after acht: acht sain o tat ina mbiu | nochan fuil . . ., Anecd. ii 35 § 12 . duit ra thócbus cend innocht | acht sain ní bia diar comroc, LL 210b22 .

(d) after the equative: is denithir s.¤ ara-chrin cumachtae inna pecthach `even so swiftly does the power of sinners perish', Ml. 57c12 . amal as suthain riuth gréne síc bith suthainidir s.¤ ainm Solmon `even so lasting', 90b10 . amal as ndínim la nech . . . is dínnímidir insin la dia . . . `so little trouble is it to God', 61b28 . is lerigtir sin, RC iii 346.21 ( Aisl. Óeng. 12 ). is denitir s.¤ rosaigh fudumne pene, Mon. Tall. 85 (162.39) .

(e) accus. with verb: ní pí ciall la nech dogní insin, Wb. 29b11 . fomnid insin `take ye heed of that', 20b15 . Gobban durigni insin, Thes. ii 294.13 ( Ml. Poems III ). asbeir som insin do dia `he says that of God', Ml. 51d25 . mar atchualá Euá insain, SR 1717 . nā ráid ind s.¤ , MacCongl. 61.15 . is i persin Crist dagníusa s.¤ , Wb. 14d26 . intliucht tra conricci s.¤ `(such is) then the sense so far', Ml. 44b10 - 11 . cid ara cuinchi siu sein?, Thes. ii 307.12 - 13 ( Hy. ii pref . ). adcūaid īarom an gilla d'Athairne s.¤ , Corm. Y 690 . ní moladar som s.¤ , Mon. Tall. 23 (135.14) . in ri rodelba sain, SR 331 . ní ḟeadarsa cosaniú s.¤ , BDD² 148 . dorindetur-san s.¤ , Maund. 199 .

(f) nom. with pass. verb: do óis anfoirbthiu tra asrobrad insin, Wb. 12d26 . coṅgaibther huile hí crist insin, Thes. ii 254.19 (Stowe M.). dogéntar uli in-sin, PH 2248 . increchthar sein ar ní deichned iar ndílsi tormach sillaibi, LU 463 . do féchad s.¤ co menic, Maund. 92 .

(g) nom. with subst. verb: ni pia detsiu insin `that will not be to Thee', Wb. 32c12 . ata di thrummai na fochaide insin that is (so) from the weight of the tribulations, Ml. 23a19 .

(h) nom. of active verb: artáott troscud s.¤ `this serves in place of a fast', Mon. Tall. 80 (161.12) . tre n-a croidhe do-chuaidh s.¤ , DDána 16.6 . creud chialluigheas s.¤ , Donlevy 26.18 .

(i) with copula: nitat midrera óisa foirbthi insin, Wb. 22b17 . ni cosmil fri gnímu angil insin, 32c7 . airde serce móre insin, 24c2 (copula omitted before airde). creitmech s.¤ as messa ancreitmech, 28d23 . is briathar de insin, Ml. 31c7 . fo deud s.¤ `this (is) at the end', Sg. 72a6 . `Fiac s.¤' ol D. `F. is the man', Thes. ii 307.14 ( Hy. ii pref . ). sóerchéli na flatha . . . óes insin bís [i] coímthecht do ḟlaith, Críth G. 594 . athgabail in sin ad fenar fo fio that is a type of distraint that . . ., Laws i 256.6 . cóicc noíb in sin do muintir P., Trip.² 820 . fairend . . . s.¤ dogníat trócaire, LU 2194 ( FA 27 ). ní bréc sain, MacCarthy 210.3 ( LL 129b ). lebor s.¤ i follsigther . . ., PH 3985 . ` Ísu conagum' . . . `Is mesi s.¤', 3108 . mairg gaollucht dan séala sain, DDána 20.14 . breath s.¤ do dhearbh gach duine, TD 15.15 . is hed insin a llínn i ngaib diabul peccatores gl. laqueum diabuli, Wb. 29b19 . is hed insin forchun do chách `that is what I teach to every one', 10a13 . in n-ed insin furuar dait, Ml. 44b 10 - 11 . ised dano insin dorosluínd cainchomrac ar mu chnamaibse `that moreover denied peace to my bones', 58a11 . it hé insin .vii. cléithe ó ndírenar cach bóaire, Críth G. 157 . iss é in(n)sin im[m]athoing smachtu, 37 . it é in sin dá macc E., Trip.² 2063 . at he sein in da se rind, SR 257 . bid si s.¤ mini na hesorgni, LU 8655 ( FB 48 ). is í s.¤ cathuir is mó sa doman, Maund. 182 . a phosd cothaighthe is sé s.¤ `that is the post on which he is stayed', TD 22a.5 . gonadh é s.¤ an modh ar ar fhágaibh M. . . . a thighearnas dá éisi, Maguires of F. 99 . is hed for n-ainm insin `that is your name', Wb. 5a17 (cf. is hed bunad mo chlainde `that is my clan's stock', ib. 19 . ) issí écmailte in choscair insin `that is the insolence of the victory', Ml. 33c13 . is ed tír mbó la Féniu insin, Críth G. 92 . is hí immurco foropir cáich lindi indsin `this indeed is what we consider to be the additional labour of each man', Mon. Tall. 16 (133.12) . it é dáilemain adad dech fil i nHérinn in sin those are the best cupbearers, BDD² 1160 . fer fothlai, cid ara ne(i)per[r]? Is é remibí bóairechaib insin, Críth G. 249 . conid e epscop insin cita-ro-oirtned that was the bishop who was first ordained, Thes. ii 241.15 (Ardm.). méit donindnagar fornni fochith issí méit insin donindnagar in díthnad `in proportion as suffering is bestowed upon us, so is the consolation that is bestowed', Wb. 14b15 . issí dias insin oingther leusom, Tur. 4 . ní si accuis insin arinrogab duaid, Ml. 35a8 . is hæ lin pars insin bis i n-obli, Thes. ii 254.18 (Stowe M.). ised uatath in sain conoirg fri sochaid those are the few that . . ., Laws iv 176.2 . air it he teora trebuire in sen nad rithrolat . . . comarbai, 210.y . iss ed ārus indsin i rraba Glass, Corm. Y p. 75.17 . bíadd prantigi dano ised aonach ndedenach indsin is coir do imbirt isna mbelaib iar praind hi sessam ┐ hi praindtig a cetal, Mon. Tall. 83 (162.2) . ba sí úair insin dolluid Fedelm . . . asind rígthig, LU 8223 ( FB 17 ). iss ed eret no bitis Ulaid insin i mMaig Murthemni (leg. eret insin . . .), 3224 ( SCC 1 ).

(j) in vn. constructions: ní áil tra insin do epirt, Wb. 27c8 . ni fíu dúibsi insin do é[it]secht, 18c11 . is mar so is cōir s.¤ do rādh, Corm. Y 684 . ba heicen . . . do ingenaib Emna s.¤ do dénam, Sc.M² R 20 . ro-líset-sum for Ísu s.¤ do ráda, PH 3147 . do gell E. s.¤ do dhigail for L., Stair Erc. 904 .