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accobar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. accobar or dil.ie/165

 

Forms: accobor, accubur, accobur, accobor, accobair, accobra, ocobair, accobraib

n o, n. vn. of ad-cobra (see Lochlann ii 202 ). n s. a n-accobor , Wb. 16c16 . accubur, 33a11 . Ml. 53c16 . accobur, Wb. 30c23 . a d s. accobor, Wb. 4b3 . 13d27 . g s. accobair, Mon. Tall. 152.27 (§ 64) . n p. accobra, Wb. 15d9 . ocobair, ACL iii 3.12 . d p. accobraib, Wb. 13d12 .

(a) desire, wish: gl. voluntas, Wb. 16c16 , Ml. 53c16 . gl. cupido, Sg. 62b4 . voluntate (.i. ó accbor) fallendi , Enchir. Aug. 76b ( ZCP vii 482 ). acobar voluntas, Dúil Laithne 178 ( Goid. 77 ). la accobur na ícci, Trip.² 1515 . cech naccobur adcobrae `every desire which thou desirest', Ériu i 196.2 . derchōiniuth di cech a.¤ atcobra duine, ZCP iii 27.25 . imscarad . . . na-bi ar dignu acht accobra (leg. accobar?, Ed.) saire, ZCP xiv 386 § 51 ( = Laws ii 318.28 ). munip scaradh ar acobar saoiri, Laws ii 210.7 Comm. gabus occobur hē im dola gu Fabur, RC xii 332 § 23 . re ro met a n-itad ┐ a naccobair hunger, Cog. 52.16 . In phrase sét accobair, used in Laws of an object of value: direnar in fuillem seo trian do etuch, trian do setaib accobair, Laws v 418.6 .i. d'or no d'airget no dairte ┐ dartadha, 10 Comm. .ui. setaib accobair i f-fuilliumaib a dire, 382.7 . glossed: setaib is o acobor, 25 Comm. , cf. also 384.23 , 388.19 . do setaib accobair .i. do lulgachaib, O'Curry 2009 (H 4.22 p. 33). it hē sin na sēoit acobair itbeir i Cāin Pātraic., Corm. Y 209 . is a.¤ . . . la wishes, desires: is hed . . . as accobar limm féin, Wb. 23b34 . dun gnim robu accubur lat do forbu, Ml. 50c14 . is acobur leu, 31b6 . bás ┐ aided ┐ airlech is accobor lemsa dóib, TBC-LL¹ 429 . nirbo mór accubar laisim ceth airitiu Maoili díthraib `he had no great desire even to receive M.', Mon. Tall. 135.26 (§ 24) . ni a.¤ lem do theacht I do not want you to go, TBC-I¹ 1147 . ní hed is accobur limm, TBFr. 94 . is accobar lium . . . co ro-indiser . . ., PH 1486 .

(b) covetousness, greed: accobar á túare, Wb. 11b5 . a.¤ , one of the capital sins, ZCP vi 271 § 3 . lán d'alghus ┐ d'accobhar dona sealbhaibh saoghalta, TSh. 10000 . acobhar .i. saint, Metr. Gl. 31 § 61 .

(c) carnal desire, lust: dobtromma a naccobor collnide `carnal desire weighs you down', Wb. 8c8 . accobra colnidi, 20c1 . buith i naccobor colnidiu, 15d13 . cid fogluasa ind doenacht ind a.¤ , Mon. Tall. 152.2 (§ 63) . co n-erbalat . . . a haccobrai (of the body), PH 7112 . álghus ┐ accobhar a intinne, TSh. 7970 . d'accobur fhir d'aentaidh mnā , RC xxxvii 347 § 36 .

adaltrach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adaltrach or dil.ie/278
Last Revised: 2019

 

(adaltair)

I As adj. o, ā adulterous: mná adaltracha, LU 2219 ( FA § 29 ). in t-í ro-p a.¤ co ru-b genmnaid, PH 5619 . dia mbat sáithech . . . bidat úallach, a.¤ , ZCP vii 298.17 .

II n As subst. m. and f. adulterer; adulteress: fornicarius . i. adhalltrach, Ir. Gl. 619 . do adhaltrachaib in betha, O'Dav. 121 . ar chor oile . . . chéastar an t-adhaltrach, TSh. 6482 . Fig. Mael-Sechlainn . . . a.¤ uallach Uisnigh proud adulterer (i.e. usurper) of U., MacCarthy 426 § 5 . In Laws freq. contrasted with cétmuinter. fuil fearus cetmuindtir oc etach techta for adhaltraigh do taet for a ceand, Laws v 142.7 . is fiachach cach a.¤ do-t[h]et for cend cetmuintire, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 49 § 23 . as-renar laneraic . . . i cetmuinter . . . leithe(i)raic mad adaltracha (i n-adultrucha, v.l.), 71 § 35 . meic na adaltraige urnadma . . . mac na adaltraige foxail, Cóic Con. 44 § 71 . a.¤ urnadma co macu, Ir. Recht 54.31 . in inbaid bis clann cetmuinntire ┐ fine, no clann cetmuinntire ┐ clann adaltraige, no clann cetmuinntire ┐ fear adaltraige gin clainn it da trian do clainn cetmuintire ┐ trian do cach æ dib so, 53 § ix . in a.¤ co macaib a roga di inn e a fer no a fine no a mac do-gena tobach di . . . in cetmuinter nochon-uil a roga di acht a fer do tobach, 59 § xiii . adaltracha iarna urnaidm, Laws v 480.17 . cor mna sech a celi .i. in a.¤ cen clainn, Laws i 52.32 Comm. tiucfaid in cetmuinnter fo coruib ┐ cidh adhaltrach hi, ticfaid a fear, v 226.11 Comm. arna tucthar cland a.¤ na ban taide don eclais, Laws iii 38.20 Comm.

ad-muinethar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-muinethar or dil.ie/505

 

Forms: admuiniur, admuinter, admunemar, aithmet

v (*ath-moin-(muin-), Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 580 ). Indic. pres. 1 s. admuiniur, Thes. ii 250.3 . 2 s. admuinter, Fél. Oct. 2 . 1 pl. admunemar, Thes. ii 349.4 . Vn. aithmet.

Lit. remembers, calls to mind; usually with ref. to saints, patrons, etc., hence commemorates, calls on, invokes: Eleuther in martir / admuinter (.i. adamraigther .i. bendaicher) a feili, Fél.² Oct. 2 = armuinter, Fél. cainbrec atmuinemar / brōen fīona fīradbail (in praise of Cainnech), ACL iii 219 § 1 . admuiniur sa Mothairén . . . romainse . . . ar cach nolc, SG 389.39 . admuinemar in caillig .i. bennachmaid, O'Curry 1464 (H 3.18, p. 651). In invocations against danger, etc.: admunemar (.i. bennaichmait no ailmit) mo Brígi . . . rop imdegail diar cuire, Thes. ii 349.4 (Hy. v). ar intiuch anaichnid / admuiniur mór-itge / maicc Eithne ainm I call upon the name of the son of E. (i.e. Colum Cille) in a great prayer against the unknown path(?), ZCP viii 286 § 2 ( Rawl. 107a24 ) ( admuniu móritge, LU 1182 ). ? mad oen fri oen n-uathad admuind findmac nEithnend, LL 14193 . Of a medicament: admuinur in slánicid foracab dian cecht lia muntir `I put my trust in the salve which Diancecht left with his family', Thes. ii 249.8 . admuiniur secht n-ingena [trethan] / dolbte snāthi macc n-āesmar `I invoke the seven daughters of the Sea', Misc. Hib. 19 § 1 ( IT iii 53.10 ). admuiniur teora ingena Flithais, LB 99.35 . ?ní coisc mná admainiur mórgnímaib asa coscaib glé (rhetoric), Ériu i 118 § 9 . admuinemur .i. tiagmaid ina muinigin, Lec. Gl. 67 . Cf. atmenad , atmuilniur.

3 ág

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 ág or dil.ie/674

 

n Perh. same wd. as 2 ág.

(a) Orig. perh. cause, reason, occasion . In Laws used of an offence, and listed with other words having the above meaning: apparently some type of injury: it he ceithri anmand cinath conlat ar diuit: tucait, ag, acais, etgid, O'Mulc. 456 . caide fochonn, caide agh, caide acais, O'Dav. 577 ( H 3.17 col. 444 ) = O'Curry 2260 ( Eg. 88 f. 19(20)b ). is é ag insin asrenar [comraiti] .i. is é cin ann sin, Laws iii 156.6 ; 15 Comm. Perh. also: agh .i. indsaiged, ut est agh trom traigh foghlach, O'Dav. 103 .

Hence (b) in phrases di á.¤, tre á.¤ on account of, because of (cf. dáig): bid di bar n-á.¤-si ronbia-ni corona gloriae , Wb. 25a3 . di á.¤ mná Celtchair on account of Celtchar's wife, LU 11062 . cid ditt ágh (: ndedhendál) `though it was for thy sake', Fianaig. 10 § 5 . di āg Fergusa, ZCP viii 305.19 . trena á.¤ ┐ trena accais, TBC-LL¹ 4582 . biat imda coicthe ili / triat agh for Echaidh Midhi, TE² 26 § 23 ( Ériu xii 158 ). tré ágh a comlaind ar galaib deisi, as result of fighting with them in a duel, TTr.² 1696 . tria ágh an chatha sin `in consequence of the success of this battle', AFM iii 362.5 .

(c) In wider sense oppression, maltreatment: co rogaib ág ┐ accais ┐ aingces in tir uile de, TTr.² 1049 . is agh is acais fulang fergi an fir ud, ZCP x 301.3 . gan ágh gan accais gan urcoid, MR 294.15 . gach forrán, gach ágh ┐ gach acais ┐ gach iomarcaigh do fearadh 'na cheann, ML 100.3 . Hence danger, fatality, slaughter, etc.: imm-gaib á.¤ deuitabis periculum, PH 4865 . adbar naig (cheville) LL 17460 . mairg dá ria othar an áigh `death-wound', Dán Dé xxvi 39 . go madh bás dhuit gach béim, ┐ go madh ágh gach urchur, ML 120.z . is and forurmi á.¤ n-éca, Arch. Hib. ii 74 § 59 . ?Attrib. g s. an tsleg áig, SG 127.22 . mór urchar náigh, Atlantis iv 124.6 . damna áigh, CCath. 4904 ; cf. agh .i. eagla, O'Cl. (ad-ágathar?).

aided

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aided or dil.ie/866

 

Forms: aidid, aeded, aidid, aitti, aidhidh, aidedaib, oighidh, oighidha, oighedh, oighidh, aiged, oided, oiged, oide

n f. a s. aidid, Trip.² 2658 . aeded, 2301 . aidid, LU 4379 , 8263 ; SR 3407 . g s. ? aitti, ZCP xii 238 § 65 . aideda, Laws i 68.17 Comm. d s. aidhidh (: ailicch), Gael. 50 , 126 ( Blathm. 247 ). n p. aideda, IT iii 16 § 38 . aitte, Metr. Dinds. iii 20.265 . oitte, LL 189b54 . d p. aidedaib, LL 14065 . oighidh f. (g s. and n p. oighidha), IGT Decl. § 149 . oighedh m. (g s. and n p. oighidh), § 11 . Also spelt aiged, oided, oiged and later oide. Perh. vn. of ad-etha, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 514 (but see Marstrander, Lochlann ii 206 ). See also Vendr. Lex.

(a) violent death: lodar in dā tharb tar Bricrind . . . combo marb de: is i aigid Bricrinn sin, TBC-I¹ 3656 . a.¤ Con na Cerda inso la Coinculaind, TBC-LL¹ 954 . a.¤ Muirchertaig na mod / guin is bādud is loscod, Rawl. 163a14 . conid i adhaigh iarla Hamtuir sin, ZCP vi 275.25 . acsin a n-oidid éicin / chloinde crōda Cennēidig, viii 120 § 8 . ba hecsamla a n-aideda, TTebe 3546 . tug aithne ar oighidh Ailella Find, Celt. Rev. iv 108.15 . d'éis a oidheadha, Dán Dé xx 32 . do scelaibh Ceassra et a muintire, et dia noidheadaibh, Leb. Gab.(i) 16.2 . go madh oigheadh gach áladh `mortal', ML 120.31 . cen mna d'écaib de banaidid so that no woman dies in childbirth, LL 2524 . Freq. with bás, écc: airdena báis ┐ éca ┐ aideda, TBC-LL¹ 1237 . bás ┐ a.¤ ┐ airlech, 429 . ag furnaidhe a écca ┐ a oidhedha BNnÉ 265 § 228 . gur bho maisi lais a écc ┐ a oittheadh, AFM v 1612.20 .

Of the slaughter of animals (as oppd. to death by disease): aidhid frisi (sic leg.) nalar, Laws ii 238.13 = ZCP xiv 347 § 8 . cidh be aighaigh . . . beirus iat, ii 170.17 Comm. cid be aduigh . . . rucustur é cinmotha galur bunuid, 314.38 Comm. Of loss or destruction of inanimate(?) things: rofitir . . . comad conuir do aidhe[d] (dia n-aidhedh, do dith v.l.) na haithne `a path to the loss of the deposit', Laws v 160.8 Comm.

In various phrases. fo-gaib (do-gaib) a.¤ dies a violent death: fuair Cormac aidid hi Tig Cletig, LU 4379 . sochaide 'sa hoidid ūair / ō chloidem chrūaid choimeltach, Bruchst. i 19 § 39 ( IT iii 12 § 18 ). in aidhed do fuair sin letsa bid sí sin aidhed do gébasa, SG 73.y . dogebad sib bas ┐ a.¤ lim-sa, CRR § 46 . do brígh in oighid do fúair, IGT Decl. ex. 365 . do-beir a.¤ for: issi in aiged rob ail dosum tucad air, Laws iii 484.14 Comm. gurub í oidhid doradad fair, Marco P. 65 . téit (do-téit) (i n-) a.¤: no regad i n-aidid that he would come to a violent end, Trip.² 2658 . na tiastais aidid ṅgorta, SR 3407 . ni ragha do chomharba . . . aidheadh ngona, Lism. L. 465 . ?regaid éc aitti iarsein di cretair creissin hi Temuir, ZCP xii 238 § 65 (Baile in Scáil). ?fo-ceird a.¤ for: is hé rolá a aidi ar Lupaitt (a aidi om., R.), Trip.² 2782 . As the title of a class of stories : aidheda ┐ airgne, Laws i 46.5 Comm. aitte, oirgne, aidbse cheóil, Metr. Dinds. iii 20.265 . oitte (.i. báis) ┐ fessa ┐ forbassa, LL 189b54 .

(b) With obj. gen. act of killing: co folmastar cach díb aidid a chéle isin tig they came near to killing one another, LU 8263 ( FB 20 ). occa n-oidheadh ┐ occa n-airleach, AFM v 1758.4 . sinn féin d'oighidh ar n-athar, Aithd. D. 59.13 . do-gní a.¤ x kills x: co ro-dergenset a a.¤ , Dinds. 144 (RC xvi 156).

(c) In more general sense (unpleasant) fate, plight: ni hi seo æidid rofælius-[s]a ort . . . t'aithni dot aileamain . . . do mnui meblaig, TTebe 2233 . nir bo demin leo a a.¤ inn fhir sin what had happened to that man, 2964 . is and robāidead Aenias . . . masī a oigead a bādud if he did in fact die by drowning, ZCP xii 376.13 . ni fetar-sa a oidigh o sin amach what happened to him afterwards, Ann. Conn. 1411.28 .

aidmilled

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aidmilled or dil.ie/895
Last Revised: 2013

 

u, m. Vn. of aidmillid. Orig. with unlen. -m-, see O'Rahilly, Celtica i 340 . act of completely destroying; destruction, ruin: oc admilliud na hoipre, Metr. Dinds. ii 4.28 . tussu 'ca adgell ┐ 'ca admilliud, MU² 178 . áes admillte ecailse Dé marauders, LU 2175 ( FA 25 ). M. . . . do mharbhadh . . . la haois aidhmhillte, p. xii 14 . ? ernaili admillti, Auraic. 1665 . budh tuar aidhmhillte (: mbailbhlinnte) dh'Éirinn, TD 31.29 . an dá onchoin da dtáinig aidhmhilleadh Éireann `ruin', Keat. ii 3200 . an tan do bhagair Dia an t-aidhmilleadh orra, TSh. 2654 . na haidhmillte do-ghéanadh féin ar Chloinn Israel, 6088 . Of injuring by magic etc. (casting an evil eye (?) Celtica xxiii 53 , xxiv 17 ): oc admilliud ind ríg blighting, BDD² 543 . conid taibsiu (sic for taidbsiu) aidmillti do C. la haés sidi sin, LU 4034 ( SCC § 48 ). cia dosgnidh an t-aidhmilledh bunaidh forsin coicc (whose vessel of milk was shattered by invisible agency every day at a certain spot), BNnÉ 318 § 11 . na tabhair dot' aire an siabradh sithe no an t-aicchmhilledh oidhche sin, Ériu iv 50 § 6 . ac aidhmilledh na righna im thuismedh `hindering the queen in her delivery', Stair Erc. 87 . do scuir da haidhmilltibh ┐ da heladhnaibh draidhechta, 92 . eadarbhuais, aidhmhillte, ar lithiughadh, doigh, amhluadh, Eg. Gl. 260 . Folld. by the prep. FOR ro-chuir sé demun d'áidmilliud for do mnai siu to perturb, PH 2651 . coich anti sin robi i richt mna ic aidhmilliud fort, D IV 2, 75vb40 . robui admilliud furri i tossa(i)g derangement, Mór M. § 1 .

aidmillid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aidmillid or dil.ie/896

 

Forms: aidmilled

v (ad + millid) completely destroys: condat mná sidi rom thathigset ┐ rom admilset, LU 3516 ( SCC 28 ). nímromhúchat nīmradhmillet nīmindrisit (of vices, temptations etc), ZCP vi 258.7 . rachomailled, rochinned / nír athgeod, nír athmilled, Ériu iv 106 § 61 . 'sgach taobh aidhmilltear d'Érinn, TD 21.5 . Vn. aidmilled.

aigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aigid or dil.ie/933
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: -ebla-, ro-da-acht, acta, egar, ægtair, eigid, áin, aige, aiged

v ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 451 ). Fut. stem -ebla-, see GOI p. 403 . t-pret. ro-da-acht, LL 201a37 . (See ZCP xxviii 11 ). Pass. pl. acta, ZCP iii 46.2 . The follg. forms may be influenced by saigid: indic. pres. pass. sg. egar, Laws ii 128.1 Comm. pl. ægtair, LL 11455 . ?3 pl. act. ni eigid (for -agat, Thurn. but context seems to require 3 s.), ZCP xiii 264.4 and note. Conjunct forms in this vb. could also belong to ad-aig which has no prototonic formations. See also Language xvi 209 .

Vn. áin, aige, aiged.

(a) drives, impels: ēiti agathar (agatair, LU) . . . cichi aig, TBC-I¹ 1081 . scéo damaib ágat scéo mnaib berat, LU 5468 = agad, TBC-I¹ 992 . mná bertair bae ægtair, TBC-LL¹ 4722 . is cú airgdech aiges / is carptech glan geibes, 3328 . cid dás in ríg nad aig eochu as a tír, SG 411.6 . dia n-acht na hercca Iuchba, ZCP iii 41.24 . athgabail egar tar crich, airm in agar . . ., Laws ii 128.1 Comm. aig brot for in n-echraid ┐ sneid slaitt forru ply a goad, LL 12742 . acta fri alla argait `they were driven against . . .', ZCP iii 46.2 . a mu Buach / aiges in tond frisin mbruach, Anecd. i 12.19 . aigthi (atchi v.l) in cath for feraib Muman he gains a battle over the M., RC xxiv 184.9 . cuirther cath / bha chossaib aráile / ebhlatt ar réim, TBC-LL¹ 5747 = eblait a réim, 5842 . cia doneidis cronan coir / ni eigid doib a fiachu it does not drive in their debts to them (of old men), ZCP xiii 264.4 (see above under forms). uig in gabair n-uidir `drive the dun horse', RC ix 466.21 (but see uic) ? With cogn. acc. ilmuine ana aiges, Laws ii 72.8 .

(b) celebrates (games, rites etc.): is ē eblas in aige `it is he who shall celebrate the celebration', Ériu xvi 147.3 . cluche . . . aigdit fri fín n-imborbag, Imr. Brain § 41 . agar Tailltin gin cairpi (imthiagor . . . chairpte, v.l.) let T. be held, ZCP xiii 278.22. is céte óenaig agair, Metr. Dinds. iii 270.9 . agait grafaind they hold a horse-race, Anecd. i 54.28 . agtair cluicheda ┐ ferthair graifni ind oenaig, LL 274a12 . agat clesamnaig perform, LU 3242 ( SCC § 3 ); cf. aghaid .i. áonaighid no bíd go subhach, O'Cl. Of funeral rites: rocuindig . . . airm i n-adnaicfidea co n-agtais a hāenach, Dinds. 18 ( RC xv 311 ). cladar a ḟert ┐ sāitir a liaa . . . ┐ aghair a gubae, TBC-I¹ 1231 . roacht a guba ┐ a nasadh la Lug, BB 403a35 . līnfaid caumu (= cuma grief ?) chridi a rigna, tuidicfaid eblaid a samgubae, TBC-I¹ 3450 . ro hagad a ceapog ┐ a cluíchi caenteach ┐ ro-saigidh a lía, BB 259a38 .

(c) raises (a cry etc.): ar écnairc ind rígsa / frisnagar an núallsa, Fél. Ep. 406 . ard a nuall / aiges im Choire da Ruad, Anecd. i 12.25 . ro acht in cloch a torand oc teacht suas, YBL 121b24 .

(d) prosecutes, performs; sets going: roacht marbad in L. `L.'s murder was brought about', ZCP iii 2 § 1 . na da err eblait ēcht ar ēcht who will perform exploit on exploit, Sc.M² § 15 . Cú na cerda boí hi cacht chró / ed rosnacht oc sár-gubo `this it was that set them wailing', Metr. Dinds. iv 220.6 . d'aigh . . . aca nincrechad began to rebuke them, SG 30.15 . ba hóglaochrad . . . achtatar an chomairli sin .i. aisic a chreiche . . . do M. who urged that advice, Anecd. ii 73.1 . cachain in druí détla / cétla imda oraib / sund in cach amm agair `as it is told here at all times', Metr. Dinds. iv 214.51 . pleads (at law): æ aiges, æ mides `ae that sues', Auraic. 408 . Note also: aigh .i. iaraigh, Stowe Gl. 217 . aid .i. iarraid, Lec. Gl. 416 .

(e) a.¤ imm gathers around, surrounds: agait mór a maccáin / imm Ultan . . ., Fél. Sept. 4 . cenmotha dano in gilla urdairc imma n-agat fir Herend .i. Cuchullain, Ériu iv 28 § 20 . coica sémech immi agtait, LL 4980 .

(f) spends time: d'aig innti an aidchi sin, SG 30.33 .

(g) In phrase aig taig see 1 taig.

áilges

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áilges or dil.ie/1007

 

Forms: á-, ailgess, ailgis, ailgais, algis, algais, hālgese, algessi, algaisse, ailgeasa, t-álgas, áilgi[o]s, algiusa, ailciusa, alghusa, álghais

n ā, f., later (?) u and o, m. The meaning and earlier inflection are against analysis as deriv. of álaic (cf. Desid. Gloss.) though the rhyming exx. ( Metr. Dinds. iii 62.107 and bardic verse passim) indicate long á-. The length-mark is not usual in early exx., and Heldensage 69 , on the basis of Corm. Y 62 , takes as compd. of 2 ail and geis `Schimpf-Bitte' (note that geis in general sense of request is poorly attested). Desid. Gloss. suggests compd. of áil and geis. In later verse with unlen. -g-, as shown by the rhymes quoted infra.

As ā, f. n s. ind ailgess , Corm. Y 62 . a s. ailgis, Thes. ii 339.5 . ailgais, 47 . algis (: Pictavis), Fél. Jan. 13 . algais, LU 9727 . g s. na hālgese , ZCP ix 449 § 2 . algessi (: deissi), Metr. Dinds. iii 138.18 . algaisse, Folklore iii 503 § 40 . n p. ailgeasa, Laws v 352.1 .

As o and u, m. n s. in t-ailges , Laws i 300.12 Comm. in t-álgas (: thángas), DDána 7.36 . a s. áilgi[o]s (: fáidli[o]s), Metr. Dinds. iii 62.107 . g s. algiusa, LU 2809 . ailciusa, LB 155b16 . alghusa, Desid. 6523 . álghais (: ccais, leg. chais, ed.), O'Hara 3180 .

(a) In legal sense demand, request (usually made by poet): ailgess . . . .i. geis guide, ┐ is ar ail didiu nammā doberar in gude sin, nī har a molad. sechtmad dano lōge enig indī cosa connegar ind algess; is ī ind ailgess tēchta, Corm. Y 62 (cf. Heldensage 69 cited above). ni diles in t-ailgeis do berar don file ar eagla aoire, O'D. 541 ( H 3.17, c. 434 ). tri ruidles ollaman ailges ┐ anamhain ┐ glaimh dicend, O'D. 2319 ( Rawl. B. 506 , 33b2 ). ailges do ceanduibh an extempore demand, O'D. 2208 (Nero A vii fo. 144a). atait secht n-ailgesa breithe la Feine .i. secht n-oll-geisi no secht is tairmisge ar in mbrethemain, Laws v 352.1 . in tailges dligthech .i. ris in ti na damann dlighedh do iar tabairt ailgesa air, i 300.12 Comm. ini gellus in ben tar cenn a heinig .i. in ailges indligthech, v 216.5 Comm.

(b) General sense (importunate) wish or request: in clam gáde ailgis (.i. a itge) dí, Thes. ii 339.5 (Hy. v). ni dlegar dím acht oenailgis isind losa, RC iii 179.6 . tar ēsse na halgese forfuirmis the boon thou hast requested, ZCP ix 449 § 2 . trí hailgesa (haisgeadha v.l.) étúalaing `three impossible demands', Triads 113 . In special phrases. gaibid a.¤ DE: demands: co rragbat algis dia gaibseom . . . atá i tairṅgere dia gaiseom rí do marbad de mani gabthar algis de let them demand his spears, LL 13941 . Crechmael drúth Énnae . . dorochair and oc gabáil algessi do ingin macdacht through desiring a girl, 22255 . rogabsat na mná ailgis do Chonchobur, 14328 . rogab algais de im athchuingid fair demanded a request of him, LU 9727 . Cridenbél Cáinte gaphais algas dim . . . im na tri mirionn as dech dim cuibrind demanded of me the three . . ., RC xii 64 § 27 . tarla clamha dhó . . . gabhsat ailgius de cu tart a chasal doibh, Lism. L. 2389 . gnim nailgesa .i. á.¤ do gabail de tre ngnim ndraighechta, O'Curry 457 ( H 3.18, 243a ) (ref. to geis in sense of magic). do-beir a.¤ FOR demands of: is e dorat algais for F. `who made demand of F.', Folklore iii 469.5 . tobert ailges forsind rīg im ḟeis laiss, Anecd. iii 57.7 . fo-ceird a.¤ FOR: íarna chur do feraib Herend algiusa fair immo fis cáit ro adnacht D. after the men of Ireland had requested of him to know, LU 2809 . ro laisi trá fo deoid algis fair sium co tudchad for aithed léi she begged him to elope with her, 2930 . do cor algusa for Lucc ōn `this was a challenge to Lugh', RC xii 78 § 72 . As quasi vn. oc a.¤ FOR: og áilghes fair importuning him, Hugh Roe² 78.6 (fo. 20b) . ro gabsat ic saint ┐ ac ailcius debtha for Troiandu, BB 429b20 .

(c) strong desire, wish: tercci in bíd ┐ met a ailciusa and the greatness of their appetite, LB 155b16 . gan ailges bīdh gan bethaid mēth, ZCP viii 231.21 . cor-gab saínt ┐ ailgius catha . . . na curaid, TTebe 2610 . acht gníther tol ┐ áilgius ┐ accobur Priaim and, LL 229b 44 ( TTr. 932 ). ar accobor ┐ ar ailgius leo na timna . . . diadha do comhallad, Lism. L. 3312 . na neithe da ttabhratais lucht aingcisi . . . miana ┐ áilghesa, BNnÉ 128.28 . re h-ailgius na h-ingabala eagerness to escape, MR 318.25 . ó uile ālghas do chroidhi with all thy heart, Desid. 4819 . ní dáilghes a hionnmhais, AFM v 1652.5 . tic algis . . . on croidhi appetitus, Ériu ix 64.29 . mé gan m'álghas d'iongabhail (: rángas), Dán Dé xxii 16 . ní don bhaile do bhí m'álgus (: fhágbhus), L. Cl. A. B. 83.43 . an t-álgas fhuair an bhean / uaim, DDána 7.36 . damh fa álgus a oirimh (: fádghlas), IGT Decl. ex. 1319 . fa álgas ḟir m'ḟiadhaighthi (: tángas), ex. 1292 . Note also: re frepta do liaig .i. in re bis in ailges `the time that he is in illness', Laws v 308.y Comm. áilgheas `the dysentery', Celtica vi 68 .

ainder

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainder or dil.ie/1225
Last Revised: 2019

 

n o ? Later f. Explained by native glossators as neg. of der. See LEIA and ZCP xxv 11 , Jn. Celt. Stud. i 4-6, 131-3 .

(a) non-virgin, married woman: ander .i. ben .i. nī der [.i.] nī hingen, Corm. Y 79 . ander .i. muiler .i. ni der ni hingin. nó ander .i. anfer .i. ni fer acht muiler , O'Mulc. 48 . ander .i. nepingen .i. ben. der .i. ingen, O'Curry 864 ( H 3.18, 390a ). fedb aindir be carna, Laws v 448.1 (`eine Witwe, eine Frau (ander nicht Jungfrau), eine Buhlin', Ir. Recht 5 . Stokes, O'Dav. 528 , takes fedb ainder as a compd.). a Euá a andeir Adaim, SR 1208 . dercaid nad decsenach doirb annir (.i. ben) imnair, LU 10255 . bla aindir ēt, Laws iii 292.1 . cidbé a.¤ mná dobéra toil do'n fhior gráid, SG 47.30 . a.¤ gel Glain meic Carbad `bride', Metr. Dinds. i 46.4 . .l. a.¤ la cech n-aen dibh: claeclother cele la gach n-aindir mad doim he, Marco P. 27 . do mnaib ┐ bantrochtaib ┐ andrib ┐ ingenaib, LU 6537 . roscaindre fo Chrúaich Crea / na haindre, na hingena, Metr. Dinds. iii 464.66 . aebhdhacht re h-ainnrib, MR 116.14 . gnímh Úna tar gach n-ainnir, IGT Decl. ex. 1221 . carais Sccuitin . . . / aindre áille uchtgheala, ZCP i 64.2 . aingir . . . dont síol is áirde fuil, Ó Bruad. i 84 xiv .

(b) virgin, maiden: ander gach slan, Auraic. 607 . ainner . . . ac guidhi Muire . . . ima hoighe do coimet, Grail 2428 . an ainnear i n-uair a thuismhidh (of the Blessed Virgin), DDána 17.12 . ainner aluind, ZCP vi 26.7 .

? Of the war-goddess, in the phr. ainder trogain : lúaidi do gabair ngraifnig ngrip | for faithchib andre trogain tricc 'you guide your fast racing steed on the greens of the war-goddess swiftly', Metrik und Medienwechsel 227 .

1 ainfine

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ainfine or dil.ie/1345
Last Revised: 2019

 

n (fine) stranger kindred, foreign people: ni techta anfine dith ar fine, Laws v 438.21 . ni techta . . . for-do-tuigaidter anfine ┐ micoraib, 462.4 . co berar i fine fer anfine, O'Curry 2051 (H. 4.22, 62b). amal aithaba isin fochlucht mac na mná drúithi diluither a n-ucht na hanfine, Ériu xi 48.22 . mac faosma d'a.¤ , Laws iv 256.2 Comm. dar cend [ḟ]ini tuas ┐ dar ainb[f]ini sund, v 412.5 Comm. tar cend saercheili ┐ anfine ata so, 244.9 Comm. rachaidh a ferand o fine na denann in gaire do anfine do ne in gaire, i 138.11 Comm. caogat itir geilfine ┐ a.¤, caogat itir gach da a.¤ gráidh eclasa, O'D. 756 ( H 3.17, c. 545 ). abb anfine fort a stranger abbot over thee (a curse), Fél.² clxxxv 5 . tocumlúat anfini coa nemthe nert, LU 3480 ( SCC § 25 ). mairg fhaemus a a.¤ / mairg mhórus a mhogduine, SG 373.8 . a thír, a fonn ina fine / co nach treabhdais ainffine, BNnÉ 253 § 210 . ar etualang . . . echtrann ┐ ainfini, MR 96.4 . raghmaitne tre clar Midhe / os innti ata in ainmhfhine, Caithr. CC 53 § 91 . do chur ainbhfine a hUisneach, TD 27.36 . críoch ainglidhe fá n-iadh tonn / fá riar ainbhfine eachtronn, TSh. 5367 ( Measgra D. 52.56 ). ag imdhíten a athardha ar ainffine eachtrand, AFM vi 1906.6 . Of an individual: Conchobhar magMide maith / nochorb anbfine int ardflaith, Rawl. 164b3 . In extended senses: na apstail roindarbsat . . . brīg anbfine cech īdail, ZCP xiii 16.32 . go raibh an mhuir fliuch fuar . . . go n-iomad éisc et ainbhfine `weird creatures', Ó Bruad. ii 60.3 . dár sgrios ainbhfine a hÉirinn 'he banished pagans from Ireland', Giolla Brighde 196 § 22 (of St Patrick).

ainsiúl

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainsiúl or dil.ie/1534

 

adj (séol): ar mna asiul, ar m-bae ansiul `our kine barren', Hib. Min. 66.15 . See ainṡéol.

airchinnech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airchinnech or dil.ie/1719
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: oirchinneach

n o, m. (airchinn?). oirchinneach m. IGT Decl. § 22 . head, leader, superior: is hé as a.¤ inna n-uile gl. Deus, Wb. 4c3 . ropsa a.¤ isin dán sin, 18c15 . nípsí bes a.¤ gl. neque dominari, 28b14 . óin di airchinchib assiæ insin `he is one of the leaders of A.', 7b11 . corrup hæ bes oena.¤ gl. primatum tenens, 26d2 . airchinneach .i. archendach, arcos graece, excelsus latine a.¤ er-cend-óg, ūasal-cend-comlān, Corm. Y 65 . Of a pope: is é . . . airchindech ro bae hi Roim . . . Célestinus, Trip.² 288 . do airchindeach an tighe, RC ix 468.8 . inghen airchinnigh in mhuilinn, Lism. L. 4169 . do airchinnchib na sacart gl. principibus sacerdotum, Rawl. B. 512 fo. 72a (Plummer MS. notes). comtís airchindich oc tinól cech ráeta, TTr.² 310 . in mir ata on aircinniuch don caisleoir, Laws ii 232.12 Comm. airchinnig etrócair, LU 2176 . Satan airchindech iffirn ┐ taisech in báis, PH 3818 . mo chorp . . . atá oirchinneach olc ann, Dán Dé xxix 4 .

Name of a monastic office, anglicised erenagh . See Kenney, Sources for the Early Hist. of Ireland i p. 12 n. 17 . Administrator (of ecclesiastical land, monastic estate) Ríocht na Midhe viii 9-10 , Peritia iii 259 . Later a purely lay office, see Reeves Ad. p. 364 . cech airchindech fritái in lessa doboing .i. bís ind-agaid in ordaigthi sea nō ac nach bí ind eclas hé 'each erenach who opposes the dues he levies,(?) that is, who is against this ordinance or to whom the church does not belong' Ériu i 219 § 7 . a.¤ Cille moire Enir do sharugud ┐ D. a seccnap do ghuin, AU i 310.1 . Scothine a.¤ Dairmaighi `erenagh of Durrow', 466.x. Colla a.¤ Innsi Cathaigh, 502.12 . M. fosairchinnech aird Macha `vice-herenagh', 576.3 . a réir in apad . . . .i. in airchinnig, O'Dav. 154 . epscop ardd ná airchendach, Trip.² 2531 . ceall a mbi airchindech laich cen cairiuga[d] do abuid, Laws v 118.4 .i. ceall a mbi a.¤ tuatha . . . cin . . . cursachad don ap bis uasa, 122.10 Comm. ite cealla ind-so o nach acrait airchindig a leasa, 118.10 . nocho dlegar do na gradaib acalsa mna do bheith aco no . . . dligid in t-airchindech uair is grad uird acalsa he, 122.8 Comm. is cuma no do gaib aire fri aithech ┐ aircindech fri bachlach, iv 68.5 . a.¤ (first of seven officers in a monastic settlement), ZCP v 499 § 3 . G. . . . orchindech Oli Finn ┐ G. . . . a setid pusta, Ann. Conn. 1314.6 . Diarmait mac orchindig Ola Finn, 1471.19 . in airchindech . . . má mnái . . . in luchtaire, MacCongl. 39.13 . na epscoip na hairchinnig / ┐ na filid imda, LL 6349 . ceat olca na hairchinnigh / it maithe na hērlamha (a proverbial saying, cf. Ériu iv 40 n. ). cid buidech di int a.¤ / nocha buidech int érlum, v 24.3 . bid sūairc la rígu ┐ airchindchiu he will be on pleasant terms with kings and erenaghs, ZCP x 225 § 1 . tūatha Temrach Truimm airchinnig na cell, KMMisc. 260 § 3 ( LL 18821 ). conna coistifet ind airchinnig fria manchu ┐ a mmuntera, RC xxvi 42 § 222 . for oirchinneachuibh no for aittreabthachaibh na hecclaisi, BNnÉ 248 § 201 . oircin- each cluig duib Patraic `keeper of the black bell', Iar Conn. 370 z . a.¤ tighe aoidhedh Cluana mic Nóis i.e. head of the monastic hospice, AFM ii 822.4 . ban-a.¤ female erenagh , see ben compds.

aircisid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aircisid or dil.ie/1779

 

v (airches) meets, trysts: do airrcis mé mná miolla `I trysted with gentle women', Duan. F. i 82.7 . do bhrígh nar airciseadar clann Israel le harán because they met not the children of I. with bread, Nehemiah xiii 2 .

airdech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airdech or dil.ie/1815
Last Revised: 2019

 

n ā, f. See LEIA and Thurn., ZCP viii 70-2 . cup, vessel: creitir .i. sīthal nō ardig nō tulchuba, Corm. Y 392 . creither .i. a.¤ . . . .i. lán ut dicitur dodailed fim i creithir .i. fín i n-ardhigh, H 3.18 67a (cited O'Dav. 353 ), cf. do daile fimm i crethir, etc., O'D. 2216 (Nero A vii 148b). cia dia-tiberthæ ind a.¤ cosin dergḟlaith, ZCP xx 220 § 9 . cia forsindailfidher ind airdeog óir-si cosind ḟlaith? 222 § 12 . dorat . . . loim do neim isin n-airdig, Trip.² 543 . co torchair isin n-airdig n-óir ro boí for láim mná Etair, LU 10650 . aibinn cach airdige ┐ cach lestar fodlai, Laws v 406.26 , 408.5 . tancas ó Ch. 'na díaid co n-airdig meda il-lestur argait, RC xiv 426.y ( LL 12973 ). doradadh do (= dá or dí) ardigh do nua fina for in adnucul ┐ do airdigh ele do lemnacht, Aen. 962 . tic . . . nathair . . . etir na hairdiogha ┐ na telchuma, 965 . ro gab . . . érdig ina láim, PH 1190 .

In legal phrase rath tar airdig, precise meaning uncertain: uii. n-uasalchuru nadat assai do thaithbiuch . . . rath dar airdig `seven high contracts which it is not possible to rescind . . . a grant for extra services(?)', Ériu xvii 66 § 7 (see notes). dilis do ceilib . . . seoit turcluide ┐ rath tar airdig acht fris-rognat a flaithe, ZCP xiv 362 § 22 ( Laws ii 226 ). cia ferthar rath tar airdigh .i. cia ernithar imarcrad ratha don cele ar in urain dighe, O'Dav. 979 . rath tar airdigh, ZCP xiii 23.6 ( Bürgschaft 11 § 34 ).

See eredech, áradach.

2 airech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 airech or dil.ie/1896

 

n ā, f. name of a type of concubine . See LEIA and Lochlann ii 210 . inn a.¤ no in carrthach, Laws ii 356.20 Comm. in fear dathaigid do cum na airigi, 21 Comm. (cf. Stud. in E. Ir. Law pp. 64 , 94f. ). in tainmrainne dlighuis ben dligthech do ealach in fir cutrumus a cethrumun don airig, 398 n.3 . in cutruma bias don fir do lamda a prim mna co raba a cuicedh bes do do lamda a cartaighe no a cethruma do lamda a airighe, 400.13 Comm. seoit do beir ar urail na hairige ┐ noco tabair ar urail na carthaige, 19 Comm. echlach .i. in eirrech aidhes a corp can logh, v 274.6 Comm. ceathramthu eneclainni a fir don airigh, ii 406.12 Comm. d'aireachaib ┐ do cartacaibh, BCrólige 57 gl. 4 . Cf. forech .i. in ben bis ac in fir a ndligedh lanamnais . . . in airig, gloss on lanamnas airitan, Laws ii 400.1 .

airgabál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airgabál or dil.ie/1999

 

ā, f. vn. of ar-gaib. act of taking hold of, capturing; arrest, capture, captivity: inna ergabale gl. comprehensionis, Ml. 29c18 . dind ergabail gl. retentione, 88a2 . figor . . . inna aurgabale (of the arrest of Christ), Thes. ii 253.15 (Stowe Miss.). rodosnairg Dia . . . / ar airgabail na hairce, SR 5416 . drong dremun dia n-irgabail, 3556 . Ri rosáer Petar . . . / ba h-ettal in aurgabail, 7398 . co rollád a n-ár etir ergabail ┐ marbadh, RC xvii 355.26 (Tig.). lín a urgabala i.e. sufficient numbers to capture him, TBC-LL¹ 981 . O. . . . do erghabhail leo, AFM i 444.11 . inud urgabala prison , BB 238a26 . techid . . . re luct na hergabála, RC xxvii 286 § 44 . batar immdai saerchlanda ann i n-aurgabalaib, Alex. 314 . a mbroid ┐ a n-airgabail, Grail 2136 . is e rob airigid urgabala re cach isin cleas sin who was first forced into this performance, MR 200.12 . ic urgabhail a n-anala ┐ ic a telcon doridisi catching and releasing their breath, CCath. 5870 . grip, grasp: go nurgabail ingni ghriuin, TBC-LL¹ p. 391 n.5 = forgabáil, text. In legal contexts: da chumoil dí láim ar urgabail ┐ fognum, Laws iv 362.2 . cidh bias isin nurgabail tria eisce assaulting, 232.18 . urgabail mna cen a meablughad, v 476.26 = O'Dav. 1262 .

In sense of airgbál: aurgabáil na scríne (aurgbail v.l.) `to lift', Ériu ii 204.1 . ocat ergabāil fri fūal ┐ fri ferad lifting you up from dirt, Cáin Ad. 6 . do urgabail usce for a lamaib `to pour water on his hands', Ériu xii 166 § 6 (TE2).

airgaire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airgaire or dil.ie/2006
Last Revised: 2013

 

io, n. Vn. of ar-gair. (a) act of prohibiting, preventing, hindering; prohibition, check: mandati .i. ropo fochonn gnímo don peccad a n-irgaire the commandment was the occasion of the committing of the sin, Wb. 3c23 . na gníu-sa iár n-airgairiu gl. nam peccatum occas[i]one accepta per mandatum seduxit me, 30 . do irgairiu étrith, 9d1 . do irgairiu cotulta, 25c12 . ergairi cech uilc, Ml. 35c11 . do ergairi neich dia muntair, 48c5 . dia nergairiu do denum huilc, 125a7 . forfeimdes a hergaire i.e. nobody could hinder Balaam from blessing the host, SR 4808 . both oc claide R. . . . dachúas ó Pátraic dia ergairi, Trip.² 2265 . ? ni maithi dam-sa fognam nadnaca ar nimdlegar argaire resíu rogenainn, ZCP xii 365.13 . na dearnais imadall in domnaich dar ar n-urgairi, YBL 118b42 . aurgaire clame, nem-comrac ria i naimsir comberta, O'D. 2373 ( Rawl. B. 506, fo. 45a ). lecud creice cen urgaire, Laws v 366.14 . doluid S. índiaid a dalta dia ergaire ar na tessed ín targraig to prevent him from going, BB 409b40 . ni fairgéba-su ar do cind . . . ergaire mórslúaig bas inraici one better fit to check a great host, LU 4843 (TBC). do tháet G. do aurgairi Ch. (in order to avert a curse), ZCP iii 208.9 . blīadan lān dond filid . . . oc sinnad ┐ oc ainmed Lagen ┐ 'coa n-urgairiu co nā roāsair fēr preventing grass from growing, Otia ii 86 § 3 . dogen-sa urgaire do mucc-su conna pat metha ce beit for mess, IT iii 244.20 . arghaire .i. bacáil nó crosadh, O'Cl. See turgaire. (b) restraint, match (through sexual intercourse), sexual satisfaction : secht mna dia ergaire mani thairsed Flidais 'seven women to curb him ' Ériu iv 26 § 13 . is ferr erghaire (erguiri) uainn best among us at restraining (men) Ériu v 209 n. , ZCP lv 73, 83, 87 .

airgal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airgal or dil.ie/2010
Last Revised: 2013

 

ā, f. vn. of ar-fich.

(a) act of boiling, bursting forth; upheaval: is damhnai uamhain na cóic ergala sescat ar .ccc. donaib teinethsliabhaibh do madmaim for talmandaib `the bursting of the 365 ranges of fiery mountain', Ériu ii 136 § 122 . Fig. conroib irgal désercce in spirto indiunn gl. spiritu feruentes, Wb. 5d18 .

(b) act of fighting; strife, contest, battle: i n-irgail `in conflict ', Wb. 3b11 . robatar . . . ic urgail dara chend, LL 225b18 ( TTr. 615 ). mór n-ergal ṅdegrach ṅdian, SR 7081 . catha ┐ urtha ┐ irgala (types of tales), Laws i 46.4 Comm. adchíu dofócrat far mná / a ngnúis tarsna ergala, LU 6583 (TBC). ergal ān riam, scīath taulgel ina laim '(may) splendid battle (be waged) before him!' TBC-LL¹ 3365 , Celtica x 148 . robrisius aurgala for triunu na túath, 9349 . fir i n-irgalaib, 8431 ( FB § 29 ). ro fosaighedh an ergal ┐ an t-imairecc ann, CCath. 5803 . d'ionnsoighidh na hiorghoile, DDána 85.4 . ar orgail (: orduigh), Dán Dé xxiv 1 . Fig. Ailill . . . / aurgail ūais amraid, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 41 § 34 . comla ergaile shield of battle (of a warrior), LU 4842 (TBC).

(c) line of battle, battalion: o ergail gl. acie, Ml. 34c12 . in ergail gl. in acie, 47c2 . ilchéta do cechtar in dá ergal, TTr.² 947 . itir dá hirgail, Alex. 23 . ro coṅgaibthe trá na da urgail ó theirt co nónai, RC viii 56.11 . co tenid leonas ergala `to the fire that wounds battalions', Ériu i 116 § 5 . arms: ni tidbarid far mbaullu i n-irgail ar beolu diabuil gl. sed neque exhibetis membra uestra arma iniquitatis, Wb. 3b11 . irgala firinne diar ndítin gl. per arma iustitiae, 15d39 . irgala gl. induamur arma lucis, 6a28 .

airísel

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airísel or dil.ie/2133
Last Revised: 2013

 

adj (ísel) very low: is samlaid ra suidiged in tech hísein. lár ard tuard airisel, LL 3796 ( ┐ túaradh airiseal, RC xv 280 § 6 ). ar tulaigh urísil, CCath. 2281 . ┐ síad ar a nglúinibh, go huirísiol ar talamh 'and vpon their knees, prostrate on the ground' Ériu xv 94 [101a] . low in rank, ignoble, mean: na hoibreacha uirísli simplidhe, Desid. 2514 . sdaid umhal uirísiol, 1278 . an t-anduine uirísiol, Mac Aingil 5493 . d'uaislibh ┐ d'uirislibh, Hy Maine 140.1 . a láthair dháoine uirísiol before mean men, Proverbs xxii 29 . Superl. combad é a hór nō a hargat ba huirisle de the meanest part of it (of a diadem), Grail 2859 . Adv. co a.¤ in a low voice, LL 229b32 ( TTr. 923 ). As subst.: do na huiríslibh (`unto the lowly'), Proverbs iii 34 . In gramm. the form made by adding -aib to a word: fer . . . feraib a aurisel, Auraic. 1798 = fer . . . foreraib a aurisel, Goid. 73.24 (Dúil Laithne). ben, mna i n-ilur a aurard ni airecar a airisel .i. benaib, Auraic. 1847 . treḟocul . . . co raib and . . . a irard a irisel, LL 5015 .

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