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? ad-glé

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? ad-glé or dil.ie/461

v dá deich mbliadhan atgleam / ar naoi cétaibh as moam , AFM ii 606.16 . ?o rig Caisil adglési (: Dési) claidem co nór (ni chlé se, v.l.), Leb. Cert. 82.6 . is isin . . . asbert-som cet aer adgleoad a nErind riam that was ever composed in Ireland(?), YBL 138a5 . Cf. as-gleinn.

2 aí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 aí or dil.ie/715
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: aui, uith, uath, úad, uaidh, n-uath, ái, ai, , aibh

n t, m. (? Orig. neut. Celtica x 83 ). Earliest form aui (monosyll.), GOI 206 and ZCP x 446 . Later f. a s. uith, IT iii 5 § 1 . g s. uath, ib. in úad , O'Dav. 6 . d s. uaidh, O'Curry 370 . (H 3.18, 207a). g p. na n-uath , LL 5088 . With non-dental inflection a s. ái, Corm. Y 74 . g s. inna ai , RC xxvi 21 note 5 . n p. , Auraic. 742 . d p. aibh, IT iii 87 § 96 .

Poetic inspiration, learning; metrical composition: Dlighedh sesa, a treatise on the genesis of aí, Ériu xiii 35ff. (See notes and Corthals, Akten Linz 127-47 ). itat coic æ and .i. æ ailes ┐ æ chanas ┐ æ aiges æ mides ┐ æ suides, Auraic. 408 (see Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 65 ). caill crithmon . . . .i. caill asa tāet cless na uadh (clesa n-uad LB) ind airc [h]etail, Corm. Y 237 . felmac .i. mac ūad; fel .i. ái, 599 . ái .i. airc[h]etul, 74 . felmac .i. fel ai ┐ seis . . . .i. mac sesa ┐ mac uadh .i. airceta[i]l, O'Dav. 880 (see Ériu xiii 35 ). ái no áoi .i. éigsi no éolcha, O'Cl. féth .i. áoi no ealadha, ib. ic fethugud ai, Rawl. 108b34 = LL 187a11 . aithne damh homa re hæi .i. re heladain, ZCP v 483 § 1 (B. na f.). dochanaid aoí do cretaibh féth, Ériu xiii 17.11 . tiasg aoidh no uadh anmain Dé, 38.2 (= tiasc (sic leg.) ai i n-anmain Dé, O'Dav. 1564 ). tuarustal n-úadh ann so, 18 . ara theintemhlacht na mbríathar úadh ar is nemhnech bríathra in dána iter, Cóir Anm. 240 . cetharda condegar co hæs nuath do airic 'ma nuith, IT iii 5 § 1 . is fis o menmuin amh in ae, O'Dav. 991 . alt .i. aircetal, ar is alt in úad for it is a division of poetry, 6 . comiditer alta uad fri haltaib ín duine the divisions of prosody are compared to the joints of a person, IT iii 122.24 . cia halt huad . . . alta nan huad, Auraic. 1577 . tlachtga na n-uath dub a n-aerthar etc. , 5234 . acht mad æ roscichestar inna menmain .i. dliged gotha . . ., 488 = in aei, 2985 . fri comuaim n-uad, 3538 . dia coibdealachas a (=ó) huaidh on account of his artistic kinship with him, O'Curry 370 ( H 3.18, 207a ). sai uadh a sage of poetry, Laws iv 358.4 Comm. cain teasbann teim essgal sceo ni ain ni hain ai is mo hae is moam mo ain (.i. mo rosc ar focus no hai is lim indi as moo dom ainius) (the poet Dallán finds compensation for loss of sight in inner hearing and his art?), ZCP iii 224 § 13 (Amra Senáin). almsana is aoi / dá ndáil don lobhar is don lag, Measgra D. 59.14 . d'fhior go n-aoi, TSh. 5766 . Of Muses: da comfoirti na naoi nae, Celtica ii 71.45 . tomus a.¤ measure, quantity in verse(?): caide tomus cach hae a illabaibh? IT iii 24 § 6 . tomus nae [anal] ┐ innsci do cach iar na miad, Laws i 18.y Comm. tommus n-ai, IT iii 187 § 6 . trefocal . . . cen áe for anae (apparently some kind of metrical fault), ACL iii 293.10 ( Auraic. 1935 ). See Celtica vi 215-6 .

In names of metres: dona haibh freslige, IT iii 87 § 96 . aí idhan, 101 § 183. As n.pr. Aoí mac Ollamain, Ériu xiii 38.y . cia ainm regas ar in macsa . . . tabair Aí fair . . . conid assain . . . ro ainmniged aí airchetail .i. ó Aí mac Ollaman, LL 14611 ( ZCP xx 194.6 ).

airitiu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airitiu or dil.ie/2148

Forms: airitiud

n, f. Vn. of ar-eim ( GOI § 837 ). Cf. Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 513 . Also airitiud.

(a) act of receiving: eritiu briathar ho neuch anall, Ml. 59a15 . ar is tri humaldóit robói ind aritiu hísin gl. dico enim Jesum Christum ministrum fuisse circumcisionis, Wb. 6d5 . a.¤ lóge ar mo precept, 10d31 . re n-airite gráid `before ordination', 28c6.20 . i núrt airiten fochricce do fíríanaib, 13b27 . i n-áiritiu indocbále `in the reception of glory', 4b9 . do a.¤ hirisse `to receive the faith', 19c13 . occa n-airitin na forcetal sin, 16a12 . isind airite gl. inpertitione, Ml. 24a14 . a.¤ in tsacrafaic `to receive the sacrament', Mon. Tall. 146.24 (§ 51) . cen airitin a cobsen `without receiving his confession', 147.30 (§ 54) . cach a.¤ iar coir, Laws iii 36.7 (or in meaning (d) ?) ūasalgrād saccairt do eritin lai[s]-sium, BColm. 30 § 31 . do airidin graidh espoic fair, Lism. L. 216 . airidin .i. gabháil, O'Cl.

(b) act of accepting: a.¤ colno dond macc, Wb. 7c13 . a nemfairitiu `not to accept it', Mon. Tall. 141.12 (§ 35) . issed asbert helair a airidiu `H. replied that he should accept it', 128.18 (§ 4) . ar airitin sēt uad ar bēs n-airc[h]endchaige, Corm. Y 81 . rucus airitin iairnn i ṅgell I have decided that iron is to be accepted as a pledge (a legal decision), ZCP xv 314 § 8 . dia toirge in cheili daorrath do airitin on flaith if the client offer to accept base clientship . . ., O'D. 237 (H. 3.17, c. 189). muna innisi intí ór cennaigh is fiach cubusbraith . . . uadh; muna innisi intí risi rec is fiach airitin (sic) no ditin uadh. Deithbir itir in f. a.¤ ┐ in f. d. . . . an a.¤ doní do féin ┐ doní do neoch aile: in ditiu imurro do neoch aile doní í, 853 ( H 3.17, c. 606 ). imscarad imtoga co n-a.¤ (.i. ac in ceili) ┐ logud (.i. acon flaith on cheile) . . . acht ni ima teilge logad n-airiten, ZCP xiv 384 § 49 ( Laws ii 312 ). mad a.¤ . . . lais in aithir beth fo cinaidh, i.e. if the father accepts responsibility for the crimes of his son, Laws ii 174.7 Comm. , 178.21 Comm. teora hairite for ceilsine, airite seoit a ndingabar dia dernainn, airit itu (sic) taoib a timceall ar deisal, a.¤ beoil a fonascar ceilsine, O'D. 678 ( H 3.17, c. 497 ). Cf. taige (= -de) .i. in t-airited receiving stolen goods, Laws v 458.12 , 13 Comm. in t-airitiud, .19 Comm. ? ceall oc na frith airithiu tratha, Laws v 118.8 . ni hairitin fri Dia it is unacceptable to God, LB 251a53 . a chomairle do áiritin, PH 4092 . aiccept .i. acceptus .i. airiten, Auraic. 1113 .

(c) act of receiving (a guest): a.¤ Maicc Maire i.e. the Presentation, Fél. Feb. 2 . na nói ngrad . . . biait foimti frit' airitein ready to receive you, SR 840 (= beid foimdi friat airmhidhin, 24 P 27, 17 ). is ges damsa . . . dám oenmná da airitin íar fuin ngréne, BDD² 566 . ? a.¤ cach meic do forcital, Laws iii 34.21 . a.¤ (airitiugh v.l.) .i. biatha[dh], ut est foratha a.¤ oighedh do cach ina moam , O'Dav. 68 . Cf. Laws v 120.22 Comm. Note also: Maelmore do airitin ann beos `M. was taken (i.e. captured) there also', AU iii 344.9 .

(d) act of receiving for safe keeping; hence tending, looking after: ascomren aire échta tara cenn, ná[d] té(i)t tír ná humachaire ind acht lestra[i] lóge bó. beirthius dano dia n-airitiu(th) sechtair co cenn cairdi (of vessels), Críth G. 365 . a airitiudh amuich (of stolen goods), Laws i 56.16 Comm. bassa collid giallasa i n-airitin átha mo thúath, LU 9318 = Anecd. iii 53.2 . ? la araid airitiud la errid imdegail, LL 13839 . oc airitiud a cethra, PH 1031 . d'airichill ┐ do airitin forin coblach to lie in wait for, Alex. 330 . go sleaghuibh . . . leo ra hairitin aigh ┐ irgaili for maintaining, RC xliii 48 § 48 . ise connic ind uli dúl . . . do airitin ┐ do imfulang, Alex. 451 .

1 do-fich

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 do-fich or dil.ie/17637

Forms: n[o]mdichim-se, dufichi, nisndig, diagar-ni, deich, codufess, dufe, codufessar, arnamderustar, dersamis, dofestais, dufí, dufiastar, dufesatar, dofessind, daruich, doroacht, anduruacht, diachtae, diachtí, dígal

v (* di-fich-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 521 ) punishes ; avenges. Indic. pres. 1 s. n[o]mdichim-se form náimtea gl. me de aduersariis uindico, Ml. 38c21 (nim-, Facs., cf. Thes. i. 719 ). ganad cumma difichim a n-enechgresa ulie, ZCP iii 236 . 2 s. dufichi gl. uindicantem, Ml. 71b18 . 3 s. is bésad inna flatho doem et d.¤ , Wb. 9d2 . hore dofeich cach n-olcc et mórid cach maith, 6a16 . isindí d.¤ a peccad for cách, 15a16 . dufich tar ǽsi pectha inna naithre He punishes for the sins . . ., Ml. 123d8 . intí d.¤ gl. ulciscatur, 19d3 . uindicando .i. lase d.¤ dia fornancridesi for cách, 115b13 . nisndig He does not punish them, 24b17 . teora gua ata moam dafich Dia for cach tuaith, Laws iv 52.24 (= O'Dav. 901 ) .i. is mesa indechas Dia, 27 . tri pecaid ata moam d.¤ Dia for cach duine .i. is mo fuachtnaiges Dia for duine, O'Dav. 993 . is é d.¤ a n-olc dognither friu, Ériu ii 194 § 5 . dafích dias dia muntir, ZCP ix 192. 30 . Pass. ol nach[an] diagar-ni gl. quod non uindicamur, Ml. 101c16 . do-fechar ó Día co nómad nóe, ZCP xi 85 § 38 . fofera mór n-uilc sund, fo secht sechtdiabul dofechar tall, ib. Ipv. 2 s. deich tarm chenn, Ml. 72d11 .

Subj. pres. 2 s. codufess gl. ad ulciscendum, Ml. 44a9 . tair limsa co ndérais (.i. coro digla), LU 1530 ( MU² 1033 ). 3 s. ci dufe na cinta sin, Ériu xvi 182 § 33 . With -ro-: cia do-rae a cinta, O'Curry 1891 ( 23 P 3, 22b ). dera .i. digail, ut est aire echta is é side condera a gresa cen cumsanad .i. co ro derb digla in grisa, O'Dav. 637 . Pass. codufessar that he be punished, Ml. 32c20 . ? co ndiglaib dianaib dergib derastar .i. diasduir (sic leg., Stokes), O'Dav. 594 . arnamderustar, Anecd. iii 29.2 . Impf. 1 pl. brissem fír fer forsin lōech dūs in dersamis ar sāeth to see if we might be able to avenge . . ., ZCP iii 45.14 . Pass. pl. dofestais gl. uindicari, Ml. 29c7 . Fut. 3 s. dufí .i. duema són gl. uindicabit, Ml. 67c5 . Pass. nach dualaig dungena dufiastar fair, 129b4 . dufiastar t[a]ra cennsom, 27c4 . mani thibreat (viz. cath) nīcon dīastar foraib co brāth, TBC-I¹ 2981 . tofesar gním guinaitte, Fianaig. 38.26 . ? digfiter dilfitir . . . cach ina olc dib, Lec. 345b4 ( ZCP x 39.35 ). (of Doomsday) dofiter digfiter uan tenid teind there will be burning and vengeance (?), 345a40 ( ZCP x 39.27 ). pl. ar dufesatar asennad they will be punished at last, Ml. 24b19 . Condit. 1 s. dofessind, RC xxv 226.2 .

Perf. 3 s. acht daruich .i. Dia gl. vindicatus est, Ml. 43d19 . ? Cathal deichmo-dere[i]ch C. best avenged him, RC xvii 188.27 (= dechmon derich .i. ro oirc, AFM i 260.4 ). co nderaig, RC xxi 401.14 . Pass. doroacht gl. est . . . vindicatum, Ml. 98d9 . anduruacht gl. vindicatus `when he was avenged', 43d11 . inta[n] doroacht forsna pecthachu a clóine when the sinners were punished for their iniquity, 38d8 . is forrae fadisin doroacht, Tur. 79 . Part. diachtae. Vbl. of necess. diachtí. Vn. dígal. IGT Verbs § 124 .

1 ed

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ed or dil.ie/19657

Forms: ed, ed, é, ed

pron. 3 s. n. (In Mid. Ir. also occasionally sed. TBC-LL¹ 938 , 1057 . LL 264b30 , etc.) it: ed ōndī ass id, O'Mulc. 370 . For the typical usages of the independent pron. see under 1 é. After the disappearance of the neut. gender from the nominal decl., the pron. ed survived in various special usages, most of which can be exemplified in O. Ir. In certain of these usages ed is replaced by é in the later lang. (cf. 1 é IX). The principal types are shown below. In Old and Mid. Ir. ed is often found independently in virtual copula sentences, as: in gaisced gebes...? ed is it...? it (is) TBC-I¹ 562 . ed ad-fedem this we relate LL 184a29 ; also in the phrr. ed ón, ednonoín (see below); apart from these, and occasional inversions, it is always accompanied by the copula.

I ed is used in referring to a statement, proposition, fact, circumstance, order, etc.:

(a) retrospective: ni hed insin ro légsid in Evangelio (gl. qui dessensiones...praeter doctrinam quam uos dedicistis, faciunt) Wb. 7b23 . inn ed insin furuar dait? nate ní ed (ref. to verba delictorum meorum) Ml. 44b10 - 11 . requiren- tibus is ed insin namma di chanoi[n] forsa trachta á qui fructus 46c14 (cf. under II (c)). is hed ón dogníithsi (gl. frater cum fratre contendit) Wb. 9c15 . 10b9 . mostairchella sūil dar sodain, ol C. Is hed ōn atchiu, ol E., TBC-I¹ 1177 . do-rat ráthachas...na ticfad...et issed ón na ra chomaill LL 299b38 . Lism. L. 391 . níom díomsach...gidh eadh aigneadh aonduine, Content. viii 27 .

(b) anticipatory (the grammatical constr. is the same as in III below): ni hed not beir i nem, cia ba loingthech (gl. non est regnum Dei in esca et potu) Wb. 6c9 . is ed dugní iarum atluchedar buidi do Dia nammmá, Ml. 128c3 . TBC-I¹ 194 . is ed dos-gní torsech...can a ríg...eturru, TBC-LL¹ 5693 . ro bui telchomrac i Muidh L....is hed ro tinol ropo immned leo an aes pende do epiltin, Mon. Tall. § 73 . Esp. with verbs of thinking or saying: is ed durumenatarsom nad fess in gním, Ml. 80b10 . is ed as doig liun...bid exaggeranter duintad a n-emfases , 89d6 . combo hed domuined cāch combo ulc[h]a, TBC-I¹ 1644 . is eadh do measadh leo, dá dtéidís..., Keat. iii 3961 . is ed asberatsom is gau dúnni inna hí adfiadam, Ml. 93d14 . 95a5 . 106d3 . issed ra raidsetar combad é C., TBC-LL¹ 2920 . 4570 . is ed adfiadut eolaig...nat boi, etc. MacCongl. 47.23 . assedh adubairt, sgrib aibidil do, BCC § 59 . Regular with an anticipated clause of the type: tol Dé do dénum: is ed inchoisecht tri sodin, coic bliadni deac do thormuch for a saigul, Ml. 16c10 . na banscála do thidecht..., is ed dofornet sin...in eclais...do thidecht, PH 3460 . is ed fodera dam cend do thócbail .i. Cailte d'ḟaicsin, Acall. 3222 . is eadh do cinneadh leis na moghaibh an rí do mharbhadh, Keat. iii 2150 . 3052 . 4477 . is eadh is indéanta dhuit neart sluagh d'ḟágbháil, 3520 . comadh ed aderdáis airgne do denum, Fianaig. 70.27 . is eadh do mheasadar iad féin do ṡaoradh, Keat. iii 5736 . Cf. III (b).

II The pred., a subst. (m., f. or pl. or phr.), is placed first and ed takes its place after the copula:

(a) ed is followed by a subst. (in this type ed would be regular in O. Ir. when the subst. was itself neut.); sē deich issed ind árim sescat, SR 756 (though here we should perhaps take ind as = i n-, and mentally supply tiagat after the pron.; cf. 754 . In similar lines, however, we have isshi ind a., iss hé an a., 744 . 558 ). dā ḟer déc bássed a lín, TBC-LL¹ 2898 (= ba he a lin, TBC-I¹ 2161 . cf. sē cēt...ba hé a lín, SR 6276 ). trí catha ba headh a líon, Keat. iii 4871 (but: is é líon táinig rí L. ann naoi míle, 2293 et pass.; see III (a) below).

(b) ed is followed by a pronoun: almsa ar neamh acus neach faī | dlaī tar in tech is ed hí, ACL iii 236 § 8 . aoinchineadh dob eadh iaidséin, TD 32.11 .

(c) ed is followed by a rel. verb (a very common type): guidhe et tomoltód ar mbáis is hed dorigénsam, Wb. 14b26 (in resp. to: ceist cid dorigénsam). in digal dombeirsom is ed inchosaig a frecndarcus the punishment which He inflicts, it is that which indicates His presence Ml. 116d3 (cf. ind fithis tēte in peccad ishí tē[te] in pian, 28c19 ). datha na flesc cotagaib | hed nobid forsna huanaib, SR 2964 . tri deich...issed tiagait hi trichait, SR 748.764 . dá cét mbliadan... | is ed ropo slán d' Abíal, 1986 . LL 307b37 . an bél dūnta as eadh budh ḟearr, IGT, Decl. ex. 1285 . cin leagha... | trúagh más eadh fadera a dul, ex. 1138 . cf. TBC-LL¹ 5039 .

Freq. in partitive expressions: issed namā fil and dind ḟīn, TBC-I¹ 1578 . co torchair .l. leis...issed romarb don tṡluag, RC iii 181 . deich fir...iss ed gebus mo chell... | d'abbaib, Acall. 5435 . is edh do bhúi a tigh mu thigerna do chornnaibh: dá chornn déc, etc., 123 . Cf. Ml. 46c14 cited under I (a) above.

(d) The emphasised predicate is an adverbial phrase: feadh mh'aoise gidh eadh ro bheinn | 'gá díol, Dán Dé xv 2 ( YBL 371b ). gidh maith le fear fuair soirbheas | ar n-uair is eadh as aimhleas, vii 2 . ar iasacht is eadh dobhir | an domhan dona daoinibh, xxii 8 . isan tegh sin... isseadh rugadh ar Slānaightheōir, Fl. Earls 110.25 . an cethramadh bliadain dēg...issedh ro gairmedh airdespog don næm sin, 100.12 . deslām fris ba hed rusgapsat 162.6 .

III The copula + ed comes first, and the pred. is a subst. (m., f. or pl.) or phr.:

(a) ed is followed by a subst. (ed would be regular here in O. Ir. when the subst. was neut., in Middle Ir. the subst. after ed is occasionally fem. or masc., but instead of ed the masc. or fem. pron. becomes regular towards the modern period): bá sed a lín tanic, deich cét, etc. TBC-LL¹ 708 (but: is é lín luid, 99 ) ba sed a llín deich cét, etc. 169 . ba hedh a lín trí naenbar, Acall. 171 (but: iss é lín tangamar, 5665 . 6923 . Keat. iii 2291 , etc.; lín is in O.Ir. both m. and n. Wb. 29a17 ; cf. Ml. 17d6 ). ba sed in chomairle ra cruthaiged leo in bantrocht da lecud immach, TBC-LL¹ 1356 . 704 . is ed comairle doróni P. ro tinolait leis a milid, etc. TTr.² 1784 . bassed a n-anmand, M. ┐ E., LL 298a42 . 264b30 . Cf. conid ed andso anmanda na n-aband: Sas, etc. TBC-LL¹ 4214 = it hē a nanmandasid, Sas, etc. TBC-I¹ 2739 .

(b) ed is followed by a rel. verb: is ed as dulem dún do engnu in stoir, Ml. 14d7 . amal as n-ed as moam serc linnai adchotadsam triar saīthar saindiles sic is ed as moam serc la Dia maicc Israhél, 92c5 . 99b5 . issed dorochar leiss.... .i. dá Roth, dá Luan, etc. TBC-I¹ 1371 . as ed tucaisi let...breth soiscela, Laws i 8.2 . conid ed tra tanic ass fuil ┐ fín, PH 674 . is edh búi ann, torc, Acall. 1555 . issed is gnathḟocul ann `tarraid Aincél tú', 6214 . táncas .. dá ḟégad gá lín dobádar ┐ is edh dobádar, trí catha, 1782 . is eadh bhíos d' airdrígh É. | luighe an chiontaigh, TD 9.21 (v.l. asé). Cf. I (b).

In such exx. as the following, ed seems loosely substituted for a pronominal prep.: cid rot imluaid? iss ed rom imluaid d'ḟoglaim ḟessa, Acall. 3354 . 3900 (the form of the reply seems influenced by such a constr. as: is dō tānac, dot cobairsi, MacCongl. 116.3 . TBC-I¹ 1594 . Cf. V, VII below). Cf. Mon. Tall. § 73 , cited under I (b).

IV ed takes the place of an adj. or adjectival phrase, or a subst. used in a generic or adjectival sense, as pred. after the copula (cf. ni hed a mét as ned a sechmadachte creui intan mbís pro cresco acht ised in tain mbís pro uideo Sg. 182b3 ): dús ind fīrcomtúd acus mad ed ón whether it be true conversion, and if so Mon. Tall. § 56 . cōir...a uachtar, ┐ is ed cid a ichtar, Corm. Y 340 . manib orba cruib...he, uair massed unless it be o.c., for if it is Laws iv 44.26 Comm. in don fine iad no nach eadh, 288.9 Comm. in cétna duine doroine Dia...ba dia dheilbh... doforsat, ┐ robad ed in cland no genfed uadh mane tarmtheissed, Ériu ii 132.5 . is fer comlainn cet esiomh ┐ nocha n-edh misi, TBC-LL¹ 3884 (St.). is brég...┐ do rachainn da suidiugudh curob edh, ZCP vi 91.5 . ni sluag...sin, acht na daire...Da mbad ed iat cid fotera na carpait fothu? MU 20 = LL 264b43 . masa méth bid ed a mac, Acall. 3500 . gaelmar Muire, a Meic na hoighi | issed thusa o techt na cli Mary is akin (to us)...and so art Thou YBL 369a22 . masa bang í, gion gurb' eadh, IGT, Decl. ex. 1117 . damadh a tigh no creittea...do ticfatis..., uair nach edh, ni ticfat, Lism. L. 355 . ní leat an teagh... 'sní headh an chlann, Ir. Monthly 1922, 386 . ni follus an claechlod sin duinne mar as edh claechlod sholu[i]s an re as is the change of the moon's light Ir. Astr. Tr. 96.29 . ní romór as edh a n-innmhus, Maund. 264 . gurab ainm d'Éirinn .. Scotia amhail is eadh Hibernia , Keat. ii 5858 . ní headh d'ogham mur as eadh do gháoidheilg, mur so :— IGT, Introd. § 49 .

Hence ed is used with copula to assent to or deny a preceding proposition or question; this becomes a stereotyped form of affirmation or denial: ní tabraid luighe ar bith acht as edh nó ni hsedh yea or nay Maund. 264 . Luc. Fid. 100 . in cotlad do A. innosa? nad ed āmh, TBC-I¹ 2478 . mad maith let...tochailter in carnn anocht. ní hed, ar C., acht tochailter amairech hé, Acall. 2061 . in a[c] comed in topuir atai? is ead am, RC xxiv 196z . in a nUltaib is áil let ferann...? ní hed um, Acall. 5756 . crét dobeir cáí ort... ┐ in ac feicail in inaid a mbid Find? issed what makes thee grieve...and is it beholding the place where F. used to be? it is that 6537 . mairg duitsiu...masa rem ṡúlibse gebes ecla tú . ní hed deṡodain, ar in rí, LL 303b17 . an ar a thruaighe...? dobheirim briathar nach eadh, Keat. iii 970 . an dom bhreithse .. thángais? is eadh, 1931 . nach le cinneamhain theagṁhaid na huilc? ní headh, Parrth. Anma 71 . Luc. Fid. 36 . an eolach thusa orra? is eadh go deimhin, Each. Iol. 56.4 .

V ed is occasionally used somewhat like amhlaidh in Mod. Ir., in introducing an assertion: ind uair ro hairimthea a tseoid iss ed do bith lán machaire Maige F. aici, Acall. 5523 . iss ed do bíth ól tri nonbur...isin chuach sin, 6007 . cech urchar doberdis cuici is ed do thecmad ar cenn meic...do lucht in tsída, 1685 . Cf. sed ba cumma cū ┐ ech ┐ dune and, TBC-I¹ 2001 .

VI Adverbially with vb. of motion, anticipating the following route, destination, etc.: issed dolotar timchell nhErenn fo tuaith, Trip. 16.14 . is ed doch[u]atar iarum la toeb in trachta Lesbetai, TTr.² 574 . issed dochoid i tir Eogain, Trip. 150.19 ; 154.24 . TTr.² 233 . issed ruc a ech inní D. co tech a ingine, Metr. Dinds. iv 304 . TBC-LL¹ 6154 . AFM ii 1150.15 . An elliptical constr.? Cf. is ed didiu leth lotar...timcill Eirenn atuaidh, Lism. L. 138 .

VII In idiomatic use with impers. subst. verb: is hed dathar dún (gl. maledicimur quod speramus in Deum viuum) `therefore we are in evil plight' Wb. 28d4 . hore nopridchim dúibsi ished dathar dom, 21c9 . is hed romboth dom (eo quod habeam in corde vos...et in defensione) 23a24 . 5b31 . is hed inso romboth dossom (gl. cum gentibus edebat) 19a9 . Cf. ced taī doib, TBC-I¹ 410 . ni nach cin aile no taid dom (gl. ego ergo inimicus vobis factus sum, verum dicens vobis?) Wb. 19d26 , and see attá.

VIII ed is also used in the following phrases: cid (gid) ed though it be, yet, however, nevertheless: rosrengtha... a ḟogaimen fo chenn. ┐ cid ed ni rochotail yet he did not sleep TBC-I¹ 2512 . cid ed ōn, 177 . Cáin Ad. 6 . ní bái immarcraid neich dib ac áraile, acht cless in gæ bulga ac C. Cid ed ón ba conganchnessach F. na agid-side even as to that, F., on the other hand, was horn-skinned TBC-LL¹ 3009 . cid hed aman, SR 7254 . Cf. gidh eadh sin, Each. Iol. 48.26 . issé sin in tres inadh...narb áil liumsa do ḟeicsin... ┐ gid ed rachat letsa ann, Acall. 2092 . LL 295a42 . robámarne ar in comrac...co rabadur ar cuirp ina cró-lintib fola, ┐ cid ed tra is sinde fa trén issin chomrac, Acall. 6495 (ar ái tra v.l.). 7168 . díon ar ṡlógh é agus gidh eadh | ar brón, a Dhé, ní dídean GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 623 . 398 . cidh bé trath dogéntaidhisi seruis do Dia...co ngébthaidhi in talam. cid edh an fedh anfuidhi an[b]ar pecaib ni fuil ecla acainne romaib, Maund. 123 . tuc [an sagart] Crimthann mar ainm air... acus gedh eadh, docondcas do Dia...nar cnesda...an t-ainmsi do beith air, BCC § 53 . Adeir Sanderus, etc., gidh eadh ní fíor an ní-se adeir Sanderus, Keat. iii 14 . do chuir teachta uaidh...'ga iarraidh orra braighde do chur chuige. gidh eadh fá hí freagra Dh. ar na teachtaibh nach tiubhradh braighde dhóibh, 4400 . 3932 . = L. autem: atáid uamha ag na sionnchaibh..., gidh eadh, ní fhuil ionadh... ag Mac an duine ( Luc. Fid. ix 58 ), TSh. 8119 .

gi edh , YBL 353b23 . 359b44 . gi eadh, 355a28 .

See also Studies 1922, 410 . TD 1.8 . Keat. iii 220 . gidh eadh bhós, TD 8.38 ; 22.15 . gidh eadh, trá, 20.3 .

Sometimes in past tense, cérb' (gérb) ed: Dia etrumsa ┐ in t-anfíren, or C., ┐ gerb ead nir ḟác in baile, LB 273b29 = SG 53.26 . In: ní thiobhra an corp cead a mhúinte | a mhacnas orm gidh eadh raibh, Dán Dé xix 6 (= YBL 393b ), gidh eadh raibh is apparently subjunct. of: is eadh atá, cf. Dán Dé xv 2 , cited u. II (d) above (the MS. a macnas may also = i m.). cip (gip, gib) ed may be used in same sense as cibé (gebé): ciped mac díb nogabad gasced, TBC-LL¹ 1089 (v.l. cibe St); but the analysis is doubtful, cf. under 1 é II (b), and see attá, 1 is.

mas(s) (massu) ed if it is, if so, well then, therefore (freq. in narrative as well as in argumentative composition; cf. massu ed béso mó a fius dúibsi (gl. tanta passi estis sine causa? si tamen sine causa) Wb. 19b11 . and also Sg. 50b13 . 88.2 . 192b7 ): is bec linne...beith duitsiu i cléir chlerig . massed, bar in file, fácbam na clercho, LL 306a31 . M. ingen Aengusa rí Ulad do tsenmathairsiu... Mass ed is ó Ultaib...tucamarne in mire ata induind, Acall. 5754 . in a nUltaib is áil let ferann...ní hed um...Mass ed, ar F., rachatsa...co hE., 5757 . 7967 . Keat. iii 1510 . 4401 . féach, a léaghthóir, bíodh gurab ar sluagh B. do bhí M. ..., maseadh do bhí do cheilg idir sé féin is L., nach táinig, etc. 4476 . ii 3803 . 3862 .

mar bud ed as it were (ironical): an tí as ionnraic, mar budh eadh who pretends to be honest Dán Dé xxii 20 = YBL 401b6 .

ní ed a mét (gl. nec tantum, non tantum, non solum Ml. 112d2a . 121b16 . 122b15 . 145d4 . Wb. 23c7 ). ní ed nammá, noc(h)on ed nammá, later ní hed amáin (replaced again by ní hé amáin, see 1 é IX (b)); in tan doberdis desmeracht asin chanoin ba hoinlebor leo in tsaltair...┐ ni edh namma dana, nach maigin in-airimther, etc. Hib. Min. 2.58 . srian muinci dergóir fria graig | ocus nocon ed nammā | turid airgit... | iss ed fil is tig hi tā SCC 31 . fil secht flaithi for a bru | ┐ nochon ead namma | fuil secht mna cach enfir dib, etc. IT ii 182.221 . is ed atbeir conid rig... ┐ ni hed nama, acht michométaid ar sapóti-ne, PH 2587 . do léigcebur...ar talam dúinne, ó nach raibi Crist aca chosnam... ┐ ní hedh amáin acht do tidhlaicc duinne é ar son [b]ar pecaidh, Maund. 123 . PH 7337 . BCC § 84 . ni hed amain rocrochsabar hē, acht a bualad ┐ a fhanámut, PH 2934 . ni hedh amáin do cuir se a cosmailes re hE. é, act do chuir se...os a chend é, BCC § 50 . § 69 . § 72 . ní headh amháin do ghabhadar na sagairt...orra féin bheith umhal...acht fós do ghabhadar na heaspuig féin orra é, Keat. iii 1349 . adubairt...go tibrad se dósan é, ┐ nach edh amháin acht go tibradh se dō gach dáil, etc. BCC § 116 . § 132 . is córaide so do chreideamhain nach eadh amháin airdeaspog Mumhan ghairthear... d'airdeaspog Caisil, acht fós go ngairthear airdeaspog Leithe Mogha uile dhe, Keat. iii 316 . Cf. cid hed aman, SR 7254 . cid ed amáin da-neth...rapo lór..., LL 241b20 .

Similarly: ní hed, ni hed sin: ni hed sin tra, acht tecait uilcc immda ele assin adaltras, PH 7783 .

ed non(n)oín (< ed inonn oín?) this has only been noted in the O. Ir. Glosses, where it renders idem and identidem; it seems to be an artificial construction, possibly an imitation of unus et idem: ed nunnoín (gl. idem in: `filium matris' idem dicit quod et `fratrem') Ml. 70d1 . ednonóen (gl. identidem) Sg. 201a11 . With neut. art.: a n-ednonóen aiccent in uilt indib `the same thing (to wit), an accent' 55b3 (see note, Thes. ii 109 , and ZCP v 8.31 ).

ed ón (rarely id ón): whether the .i. of the O. Ir. Glosses is to be so read is doubtful, in spite of the occurrence in Mid. Ir. MSS. of .i. as a compendium for edón, see Thurn., Thurn. Hdb. i p. 24 . In the Harl. copy of the O. Ir. treatise on the Psalter (Hib. Min.), however, the .i. of Rawl. B 512 is in some cases represented by ed on e.g. Rawl. B 512 ll. 195 , 435 . In Auraic. 357 (= 2731 Y) .i. is expl. by: ed un (ed on Y) .i. ed a oen erniud no ed a oen an eolaig (cf. Y). edon quasi idon .i. scyendumm . Corm. Y 571 . In later MSS. often adhon. For use of .i. see KMMisc. 102 ff.

That is, to wit , `id est': tre metur .i. (edon v.l.) metur dachtalacda, Hib. Min. 6.187 . eiligiacum metrum .i. (edon v.l.) metur eligiecda, 6.195 . dor-rime S. inni n-ali n-and .i. (edon v.l.) beatus , etc. 13.435 . 441 . áliss Pátricc Dubthach im damnae n-epscuip...idón fer soer socheniúil, Thes. ii 241.8 (= Trip. 344.9 ). dubbert P. cumtach du F. idon clocc ┐ menstir, 241.16 . gladiolus adhon sailestrach, C IV 2, 25va 6 . edera arborea adhon eigheand na crann, RC ix 231.7 . ri rogab M., edhón Feidlimid mac C., Hib. Min. 65.2 . aní léaghthar ag Daniel san seachtmadh caibidil, eadhón go bhfacaidh sé beathadhach, etc., TSh. 1024 . as an bhfocal uathadh san choisreagadh, eadhon, In nomine , O'Dowley 2.2 .

? fithiar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? fithiar or dil.ie/22249

ind Conall Cernach ... Mes De is Mes Dea dían, | Loegairi Cass da f.¤ , ZCP viii 333.20 (sons of Amargen, Laud 610) = da fithian, LL 331c27 . na fithniam, BB 153b43 . moam bid [ = immá mbíd ?] bían, Rawl. 158.21 . Cf. (?) Aimergin Iargiunnuch isse romarb da ethíar, RC xxiii 324 § 9n .

fóirithnech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fóirithnech or dil.ie/22976

Forms: foirithnig

adj o-ā helpful, succouring: foirit[h]nech cach cethnait, Ériu vii 199 § 7 = cobarthach cāich cet (v.l. foiritnech cach cnet) ib. 6 § 7 . ata fis foridnech ocum, RC xxvi 20 n. 7 . asin fis foirithnech , Auraic. 2647 (= YBL 222a29 ). pl. foirithnig na fedha im fout (expl. of `forfeda') Auraic. 4404 . In etymological glosses : imdich cach corp a meamra .i. is eim ditnius cach cenn a moam foirithnuchu, Laws ii 278.26 (`those who most need help' Atk. Gloss.; his chief helpers i.e. his tenants ?). dliged [leg. -id ?] eclais dia memraib .i. ... dia momorithnechaib `subjects' iii 38.2 . Possibly a compd. of 1 mám, q.v. but cf. do memraib flatha .i. ... don flaith uma mo foirithnechuib uma céilib, O'D. 1959 (= Eg. 90, f. 7b1b ).

gáu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gáu or dil.ie/25465
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: góo, gó, gáu, gáo, góo, g, gue, gói, goa, gúa

n (also gáo, góo, gó) ā, f. O.I. n s. gáu, Wb. 14c23 . Ml. 28c12 (gau). Sg. 40a15 (gau). gáo, Wb. 17d12 . góo, 5a8 . g, Hy. ii 54 . g s. gue, Ml. 31b12 . a s. gói, 31b11 . a p. goa, Wb. 31b20 . gúa, Fél. Ep. 167.

Falsehood, misstatement, false judgment : epert gue (gl. mendacium), Ml. 31b12 . goa .i. breg, Cóir Anm. 239 . a ndede sin im labrad-sa .i. gáu et fír, Wb. 14c23 . rasoisit-si ón i ngoi ┐ anfír, Ml. 103c15 . tír ... inná ráiter gó ná cloen, SCC § 34 ( LU 3742 ). oc etirgléod ḟírinde ┐ gúa, ZCP xi 65.6 . as fír is ni gó, PRIA iii 534 § 8 . ní gó cé robáige, Fél. Ep. 27 . manid gau dó tria choemcheilg, SR 2866 . cach locht góa `every fault of lying,' Thes. ii 351.35 ( Hy. vi 8 Comm. ) flaith cen gói cen écnach, FA § 35 ( LU 2295 ). is gó flatha dober sína saíba for tuatha the falsehood of a prince, ZCP xi 82 § 25 . Cf. Anecd. i 18.18 . secht fiadnaise forosnat gae cach re `... which expose the falseness of every battle,' Laws v 310.1 . Cf. ZCP xi 83 § 30 . teora gua ata moam dafich Dia for cach tuaith, Laws iv 52.24 . tan renas ... a ḟīr for in gæ, ACL iii 315 § 33 . conid for gói ata that he is a deceiver, PH 1829 . ní gō guide dichra Dē fervent prayer to God does not deceive [our hopes ?], ZCP vi 266 § 9 . nāmha guá, viii 198 § 19 . nā rāid in gæ, ib. 217 § 1 . epert nad radat gói, Études Celt. xl 60 ( Ml. 31b11 ). ná can gó, Oss. iv 52.3 . nir chlecht góe, LL 27a19 . ni bera gae he will pronounce no false judgment, Laws iv 266.3 . nī ruc gói riam, ZCP viii 311.31 . do-gní g.¤ acts falsely, practises deception : dorónsat gói i sídib, BDD § 134 . dogni ethech air .i. dogni go for a ceile, Laws v 360.8 Comm. Cen goi (in chevilles), SR 283 ; 1099 . Metr. Dinds. iii 352.39 (cen gái nglé). iv 26.21 . ZCP vii 304 § 13 . g sg. as attrib. false, lying, deceptive : tria cheó ngó `cheating illusion,' Metr. Dinds. iii 220.51 . scel ngua, Laws v 176.13 Comm. in brath gua, v 458.11 . i 188.10 . na bretha gua, iv 52.32 Comm. ní gním ngoa, Arch. Hib. ii 73 § 51 . ní rad gó. Cog. 64.7 .

For compds. see gú-.

glún

Cite this: eDIL s.v. glún or dil.ie/26180

Forms: glunae, glunae, glúne, glún, Glún, glúin, glúine

n O. Ir. s, n.: g s. glunae, Sg. 47a3 . g p. glunae, Ml. 138a2 . a p. glúne, Sg. 172a3 . n du. a dá glún , BDD § 88 . g du. cechtar a dá glúne, § 58 . In Mid. Ir. becomes fem. but retains its declension not passing over to ā stems. Glún m. (g s. and n p. glúin or glúine), IGT Decl. § 44 . re cois ngluine neimhghil N., Decl. ex. 1233 .

(a) a knee: gl. genu, Sg. 63a7 . dona glunib (gl. genua), Gild. Lor. 185 . almne glunae (gl. geniculum), Sg. 47a3 . Cf. Gild. Lor. 183 . otha mo glun com imlinn, IT i 125.12 . tabair do chenn for mo glún, Fél. 12.18 . for óen-glún ┐ óen-chích roalta ┐ Eogan, RC xiii 434 § 2 . rosiachtus glún Amargin filed, LU 10298 . Cf. ZCP iii 236 § 24 . a thraighthe ┐ a luirgne ┐ a glúne, TBC-LL¹ 2595 . nisarlaic sech ard a glúne súas, 901 . firfid gléss fort de nim co ticfe glúine it will reach thy knees, Trip.² 1371 . fillsit glúine (of Joseph's brethren to him), SR 3466 . fillis mog Dé a gluine, PH 1282 . rolig a glún des ┐ clé fai, ZCP vi 48.35 . Maund. § 200 . go tarrla[dar] a gluine fa each Fortibrais `F.'s horse fell on its knees,' RC xix 38 ( Fier. § 43 ). da ngluinib ... comfhillti i cliabaib ... a chele, TTebe 401 . crom do cheann a's feac do ghlún, Oss. iv 60.24 . níor mhúineas damh ... feacadh mo ghlúin, TSh. 5994. 1 Kings xix 18 . Isaiah xlv 23 . Glún fri lár (sobriquet) `Knee-to-ground': Murchadh Glún re lár, RC xvii 337.6 = M. glún-i-llár, LL 182a3 ( Arch. Hib. ii 49 § 24 ). Idioms: luid amach ... do dul do fhillid a glún = cacare, Hib. Min. pp. 71 - 2 . ? feb ro fecht is ro firad | ro sgribadh fora nglúinib, Lec. 6rb48 . dobeir glún fri gliaid (gail) braces oneself to the fight, engages in combat: tucsat glún re gail ┐ re gaisced, Acall. 3149 n . tabhrum ... glun re gliagh, Caithr. CC § 21 . tucsat an Dubloinges glun re gliaid do'n Gamunraid, Celt. Rev. iv 118.14 . tócbáid (do fuargaib) glún re n- raises the knee to (as an act of respect or homage). Cf. Joyce, Soc. Hist. ii 489 . dlegair do c[h]omarbu Pátraic a glún do tecbail (leg. thócbáil) réna c[h]omharbu, Trip.² 474 . tuarga[i]b espuc dano a glún ria ríg, Críth G. 606 . RC xiii 104 § 134 . A `céle' was bound to rise three times daily before his `flaith'; ┐ ni fuil acht innscuchad gluine o sin amach, O'Curry 621 ( H 3.18, p. 300 ). inus lugha a nemureirge, ised is moam a nemindsguchadh taoibi na gluine, O'D. 514 ( H 3.17, c. 417 ). berid glún betakes oneself (?): taeb hi ruc rind gaesi glūn pinnacle of wisdom wherever he betook himself (? of Bishop Aed), ACL iii 306 § 4.

(b) Fig. of persons (from the idea of the infant on the knee or at the knee of parent or nurse) prop, support, sustainer: Cairbre ... glun oileamhna na heccno `the fostering knee of wisdom,' AFM iv 670.10 . TD 25 § 39 ; 3 § 46 . glún far hoileadh an fhoghluim, Content. xxv § 5 . a ghlún chothuighthe an chreidimh, ib. n. 5 . a shamhail do ghlún gaisgidh, v § 173 .

(c) Fig. of family relationship (see genu, Ducange ):

(1) a generation: dot oighredhaib co cenn an nómad glún úaitt fein, Maund. § 131 . Adam is a shliocht ... glún ar ghlún, MS. Mat. 556.25 . Cf. Eochairsg. 3.21 . as eidir do bhreith ó ghlún go glún gusan Tadg cédna you can be traced, generation by generation, AFM i lvii 26 . saor an glún degenach dhiobh | genealach ūr na n-airdriog, LL 394.53 . glún uaislighthe an fhine ó bhfuil, Studies 1918, 281 § 9 . do chaitheadar seal glún ar an ordughadh sin, Keat. ii 4283 ; 558 . iorchaire ... .i. an glún tig a ndiaidh dhuine, O'Cl.

(2) degree of consanguinity: in treas glun d'fhialus, Marco P. § 180 . gaire do glún duinn hiat na Donnchad, O'D. 1962 ( Eg. 90 f. 7 (8)c .)

(3) g.¤ geinelaig (g.¤ geinemna) a pedigree: fíorbhun do ghlún ngeinealuigh, Arch. Hib. i 89 xxxvi . draoithe aca do choiméadadh a nglúine geinealaigh, Keat. i 92.3 . do thaobh a ghlún ngeineamhna `by virtue of his ancestry,' TD 31.12 .

(d) `part of the frame-work of a boat ' ( Dinneen ): conrucsad 'na nglúinib soir | Fomore i ndegaid Balair `in their boat-frames,' Ériu iv 156.23 .

Compds. ¤dalta a fosterling: TBC-LL¹ p. 412 n. 5 ; cf. Loth, RC xl 147 ff . and Thurneysen, KZ lvii 69 . Often combined with adj. to form descriptive epithet or pn sobriquet: ¤dub: Niall Glundubh, Cog. 4.8 . ¤ḟind: Eber Glunḟind .i. comarthada gela badur for a gluinibh, Cóir Anm. § 292 . LL 3a19 . airsid Lifi, gluinfind Codail the white-kneed one of Codal, RC xxiv 192.8 . As npr m.: Glunḟind mac Lamfind, Rawl. 117g56 . ¤gel: Aimirgen Glúngel, Ériu iv 136.19 . LL 175b15 . CRR § 29 . ¤glas: Emer Glunglas E. Bruised-knee (?), Fianaig. 70 § 17 . Glún lairn: npr m. is a translation of the Norse Iarn-kné, which name in its earlier appearances in AU is Iercne, Ergne, see Sommerfelt, RC xxxix 195 . ó Ghallaibh Atho Cliath .i. o Gluniaraind, AU i 412.3 (an. 894) . ria nGluniarn mac Amlaim, 492.20 (an. 982) . G.¤ Iaraind mac Amlaim, rí Gall, RC xvii 346.12 (Tig.). Gilla Ciaráin mac Glúiniarainn (of a Norseman), Ériu i 90.8 . AFM i 548.7 . Also used by natives: Glūn Iairn mac Cellaig, Rawl. 117c56 ; G.¤ mac Fáelāin, ib. 117c49 .

1 mám

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 mám or dil.ie/31500

Forms: maam, mám, mod, mām

n u, m., freq. written maam in Glosses. mám, IGT Dec. § 95, p. 127.24 .

(a) a yoke: fon m.¤ nuu, gl. sub iugo novo, Ml. 2b11 . Generally fig.: máam firinne . . . máam ind soscéli, Wb. 18c6 . airde n-éelutha máma a sign of evading the (marriage-) bond, 11c11 . is étrom . . . m.¤ in Choimded, Ériu i 197 § 14. ar truma in císa ┐ in mama Romanaig, Todd Nenn. 72.14 . Esp. in phrase: fo m.¤ under the yoke (of), subject (to): fo maam (gl. subiecti), Ml. 103d20 . inna ní nu bitis fo maam inna rig (gl. subditorum), 85d7 . 27d7 . fo m.¤ pectho, Wb. 3c38 . fri orddugud caich fo m.¤ , SR 4545. fo dóermam, 1776 . fót m.¤ midedar de ilṡluagaib . . . fot chommus tabairther, LU 5476 = TBC-I¹ 998 ; cf. mochean Cuind comarba . . . bid fo [leg. foa?] mam medethar d'ilsluagaib, YBL 181a5 ( SG 254.25 ). d'argain na crích . . . rabátar fo m.¤ Priaim, LL 242a30 = TTr. ro tairberead Persa fó mam daíre, Alex. 366. is fo mam ata cach urlabra . . . do fir in berla bāin, Laws i 18.9 . fo m.¤ tomais in full measure: gach olc doronsat tarras orro fo mam [sic leg.] tomais all the evil they had done was avenged on them in full measure, Cog. 116.4 . taris [leg. tarrus] forrtho son in [leg. 'sin] cath sin fo mam tomais, 36.16 . mam .i. cubus [= commus?] ut est fo mam an[a]mcharut, O'Dav. 1277. mam .i. cumas no cumhachta, O'Cl.

(b) an obligation and by extension a service, duty, function; for transition of meaning cf. Laws v 516.28 : ci asingba in ben as a mamaib though . . . fail in her duty (cf. Wb. 11c11 quoted above), and iv 50.24 : in tan geibius in rig ina mama so `when the king gets these submissions' (i.e. hostages and payment of rent and fines). Freq. in Laws (text): aire eisindraic nad oiget a mamu who do not fulfil their duties, i 54.9 . cach moga a mam . . . cach memur ina mamaib coirib, v 36.5 . mac . . . bis a mamaib gaire dia athair (i.e. who is bound to support his father), 364.17 . in mam sin ro gabais-siu . . . gētair orut the office you have undertaken (to a king), ACL iii 315.3 . dia mbo epscop . . . geib do mamb do leir, 313.2 . foratha áiritiu oighedh do cach ina moam `a guest's maintenance is due to every one according to his function', O'Dav. 68. Hence O'Dav. 1243 : mam .i. tochus ut est a tesbann dia mamaibh tesbann dia lóg enech (i.e. any shortcoming in one's duties involves a corresponding diminution of honour-price; the definition is a false inference). Cf. further: aenfear i mam deise ┐ dias i mam aenfir `when one man is legally considered as two' (lit. one man in the function of two), Laws iii 140.26 . Hence the expression fer máma mod (where máma and mod are respectively g s. and g p.) a substitute, a locum-tenens , Laws i 130.6 Comm. , iii 472.6 , 538.9 ; in v 120.24 we should perhaps read: do cach mama mod [d'] eclais.

The follg. obscure ex. may represent g p.: o Adam co Abrām n-án | co ngradaib glanmām comlán | tri mili . . . cethri bliad[na] is noi fichit, SR 2302.

móam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. móam or dil.ie/32409

adj superl. of mór q.v.

mór, már

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mór, már or dil.ie/32548
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: már, mór, mar, mór, moer, mōir, moer, moer, moir, móir, mou, moo, móa, m, mā, mou, mó, má, mote, móti, móite, móide, móitti, moam, moam, maam, maam, máam, moab, moum, mou, mó, má, moosom, moosoun, móir, moir, mór, mórmór, mórmó, mor, mór, māir, móir, mauru, m., mor, máam, mór, mórchatha, mór, mórmór, mórmó

adj o, ā. great . The form már is common in early texts; usual in Sg.; Wb. prefers mór (but: máar, Wb. 12d28 ; in mar , 18a5 a prima manu); in later Mid.Ir. mór prevails. g s m. moer occurs in AU up to 850 beside mōir: Lismoer, AU 591 , 745 , 759 , 832 , 850 ; Cluana moer , 778 ; Roiss moer , 839 . Equative. moir sleb[e] as great as mountains, Ml. 55d11 . Mid.Ir. móir. Compar. mou, Ml. 35c31 , 114b2 . LU 4850 ( TBC-I¹ 362 ). moo, Wb. 3c35 , Sg. 197a11 . móa, Wb. 21d9 . Mon. Tall. § 70 (moa). m, Wb. 6c8 , Ml. 51a2 (usual Mid.Ir. and later form). ni mā , O'Mulc. 257. With de: mou de the greater , Ml. 40c11 , 61c8 . mó de, Wb. 29c4 . má de, Sg. 2a7 . mote, SR 1535. Usual Mid.Ir. form móti, TBC-LL¹ 3303 ; móite, 3752 , later móide; móitti, BColm. 80.1 . Superl. as moam (gl. maxima), Ml. 109c4 , cf. 92c5 . moam , LU 1704. as maam , Ml. 99b5 . maam, LL 36a2 . in máam (gl. primum), Wb. 1c20 (a prima manu). moab, LU 7193 ( BDD 87 ). moum, IT i 144.20 . Later (is) mou, mó, má ( SR 7998 ). moosom, Auraic. 658 = moosoun, 3270 (YBL) is an artificial form. Stokes takes the follg. exx. as compar. and superl. respectively: nos-geib imecla móir ┐ ómon `greater terror', RC x 56.8 ( LU 1897 ). anba moir do na hécnib `the largest of the salmon', 60.3 ( LU 1920 ); prob. a mistake for mór in both cases.

Often doubled for sake of emphasis: mórmór very great , compar. mórmó (mómó).

I As adj.

(a) big, great , of size, quantity or extent, physical or moral: mor, gl. magnus, Ir. Gl. 663. mór, gl. magnum, 809 . mor .i. moo a iur .i. a feoil (i.e. corpulent), Corm. Y 909. bun cruinn mair, Thes. ii 295.14 ( SP v 13 ). cruim már a big worm, Sg. 47b6 . deug m.¤ a great draught, Ml. 94c12 . iar lassair máir a great flame, 40c5 . gabais liic mair (móir LU), TBC-I¹ 889. tech mór, SCC 33. coirm tíre máir, IT i 133.1 ( LU 10857 ). immad már, FB 29. drong mor, PH 848. at móra na haibni ┐ na huscida, CRR 6. na móra finna tall fair women, ZCP viii 113.4 . amal as már a galar, Ml. 40b9 , cf. 56b26 . i ndigaid flechud mór after great rains, 81c3 . it móra mo chinaid, Fél. Ep. 387. do ghabh aga imdheargadh do bhriathruibh móra blustering (?), Comp. CC 127.27 . amser már a long time, LL 125b49 . céin móir a great while , IT i 73.14 . fri cíana móir, LU 3289 = SCC 8 (where we should expect: móra). etir bec ┐ m.¤ both small and great, Ml. 114b17 . cid bec cid már (gl. quantitas), Sg. 28b7 . immar fa bec whether it be great or small, 73a16 . o bicc co mor, PH 4333. mór ní a great thing, in Glosses used adverbially = greatly: hóre ron-soír-ni . . . mór ní bes n-adblamu foir ar soírad much readier will he be to save us (lit. will our salvation be on him), Wb. 2d14 . cia fíu .i. mór ní (gl. quam), Ml. 146d1 , cf. 17b13 . gl. quanto, 80a5 . mor .i. maith, ut est . . . cen marca mára, O'Dav. 1237 seems due to misunderstanding of the quotation.

Common in geographical names, e.g. Lismór. ardespuc na hAlaxandrech Moire Alexandria, PH 28. comthinol na hAssia Moire, 6 , cf. 199 , 2529 (in all cases of Asia Minor, as distinct from the Roman province of Proconsular Asia = Asia Bec).

Equative. ba móir choire ndarta cechtar a nda odbrand as big as, LL 252b25 . combo móir béolu midchuaich, LU 4882 = mor, TBC-I¹ 395 YBL. LL 290a41 : ní mórithir, transld. `not so great' by Stokes, RC xiii 452.1 , 'not so many', CMMucr. 50 § 40 , we should prob. read with SG 314 y : mór itir; similarly in LL 124b48 (see Hull, Speculum xiii, 58. n. 15 ). Compar. nícon robae ni bed mó nothing could be greater, Ml. 51a2 . amail nach moa soillsi na grene don oenfer indas don sochaidhe, Mon. Tall. 70. fiche bó no [= ná] conglann con | ni mo ar Domnall (= it is as easy for D. to give twenty cows as a couple of hounds), Irish Texts ii 5 § 34. Folld. by dat. of second member of comparison: as mou cech fortacht greater than any help, Ml. 114b17 . ba mó amru arailiu greater than any other wonder, Hy. v 40. mó cech delmaimm, Fél. Ep. 127. compert Iohain . . . as mó scélaib, ib. Sep. 24. fodaim guin, ni mou gabail he is not above capture, TBC-I¹ 362. ba mou epert greater than can be told, LL 49b13 = Hail Brigit § 2. moo turim an ro boí do sciathaib and beyond counting , Ériu iv 28.12 . moo cacha doeinib a ndelbha, ii 130 § 103 . tomus tighe . . . mo secht traigid mo secht cēt above seven feet, above seven hundred, ZCP viii 108.16 . ba moo lē cech lōg Labraid she thought L. greater than any reward, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 9. In follg. exx. the superl. is used for compar.: forbrid a mēd comba moam oltas Fer Diad, TBC-I¹ 2687. is moum .iii. bliadna, IT iii 144.20 = is mó nā teora bliadna, ZCP v 501.33 . With de: robu mou de int erchot (= magis nocuit), Ml. 61c8 . mad i n-agaidh . . . forruimther ind athais, is moide a heraic the greater is the fine, Corm. Y 975 (p. 84) . moitti fochraic cech duine the greater is the reward, BColm. 80.1 . gebis 'n-a láim . . . ba móite leis a menma, Metr. Dinds. iii 248.98 . ní moidi let do menma mo scela-sa do clos thy spirits will be none the greater for hearing my story, ZCP vi 64.22 . fán dá mhac so is móide ar gcás our distress is the greater, Keat. Poems 1113. Superl. a llotár is tech bá moam dib, LU 1704 = RC ix 476. in gním is mó dorónad i talmain, PH 2925. is he seo firt is mou dorigne Ísu, 4500 . ni bi fair acht aimsear co leith a n-as mo dhe only a time and a half at most (lit. what is greatest of it), Auraic. 1350. coic litri and a n-as mo de five letters at most, 1455 = a n-us moam de, 4497 . Folld. by a defining subst.: cid as mó miscais lat? what do you most dislike? IT i 81.18 . briathar is mó gen ┐ tarcassul ro ráided the most derisive and contemptuous words, TBC-LL¹ 1616.

(b) great = mighty, famous , etc. (a use hardly evident in Glosses, but common in literature): Dē māir , Hy. ii 9 (v s m.). a Dé móir ! Fél. Ep. 312. féil Choluimb . . . in máir maccu-Artae `the great descendant of A.', ib. June 7 . cit móir ríg in domain though great are the world's kings, ib. Prolegomena 149. fāid mor amal Moysi, PH 2267. in tulach a téigdís máir whither chieftains used to go, Metr. Dinds. i 4.26 . congbad máru `let him restrain the great', Tec. Corm. § 2.4 . loṅgais māru Muiredach M. banished the mighty, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 18.5 = mauru, LL 313b46 . ba mar 'san aimsir fil sund antí Ruadhan, ba móa 'san aimsir fil gan toidecht, BNnÉ 328 § 59.

II As subst. o, n. and later m. a great amount, a great deal (many), folld. by partitive gen. or DE: ní tardad na mmór nothing great was given, Ml. 63d5 . a mmór den gantuari the large diet of coarse food, Mon. Tall. § 63. ferr óenfer dont slóg do dul | indá in mor do mudugud to destroy the whole, SR 6984. m.¤ fína much wine, SCC 11. m.¤ ṅdubai, Fél. Ep. 377 (n s.). ro chésas-[s]a . . . mormor ṅdocair, PH 3268. mor n-orddain ┐ ániusa, Ériu iv 28.14 (n s.). fofera m.¤ n-uilcc sund, ZCP xi 85 § 38. is cían do thír, már do muir eturru is Imlech Ibair much sea between it and I., viii 327.36 . m.¤ do chách `much of the world', PBocht 23 § 41. Folld. by pl.: mor fer many men, SCC 44. fail ann m.¤ do rigsrothaib, fail ann m.¤ ṁbíle ṁbroga, SR 504 , 505 . mór cath, Irish Texts ii 36 § 6 . is m.¤ lá tánac-sa many a day, Comp. CC 97.2 . mor mbliadan, CCath. 1052. mor n-uair very often , Rosa Angl. 26.13 . m.¤ n-ughdar, Content. v 43. tógbháil móir bhfiadhan `to claim many witnesses', xviii 23 . m.¤ do mílib fichet many thousand scores, ZCP viii 327.35 . Similarly compar.: adfesar duib in mó I will tell you more, Trip. 222.6 . antí dia mba hail ni bus mó dibh who desires more of them, RC xxv 400.5 . duine is mo doberad d'etach ┐ d'innmus . . . i nErind who bestowed most raiment and wealth, RC xvii 407.21 (Tig.). rí is mo ro dall . . . do merlichib, Ann. Conn. 1224 § 2.

III As adv., greatly, to a great extent . in mór, gl. prope modum, Ml. 42b25 . gl. aliquanto, BCr. 33d8 ( Thes. ii 23.25 ). in már, gl. magnopere, Thes. i 6.9 . in mar, gl. supra modum, Wb. 18a5 (a prima manu). gl. adeo, Sg. 39a25 . Superl. in máam , gl. primum, Wb. 1c20 . With co: co mmór, Ml. 38c12 , 61b17 . is follus co m.¤ , FA 33. feraid A. fǽlti friss co m.¤ , FB 62. mórán do lucht . . . ┐ go mórmhór na n-ógán especially , TSh. 10359. Absolute (generally with cop.): agait m.¤ a maccáin `greatly play his children', Fél. Sep. 4. is m.¤ moltar side, PH 5616. conid mor dlegaitt dammain forru greatly deserve condemnation, 6998 . Compar. cid mor dliges cech sollamain a herdach . . is in mormo dliges in sollamain-si though all feasts fully deserve their celebration, much more does this festival, PH 3605. is in mormo is coru . . . a choíned far more is it fitting . . . to bewail him, 3369 . cidh mór ro nert cách insin [leg. is in ?] mórmó ro nert Hechtoir much more he encouraged H., TTr.² 311. is mórmó is córa duit cathugud calma, CCath. 555. mó as teann a neartchuaine anos the stronger now are his powerful bands, Content. xxix 33. With de: acht co torchror-sa . . . mote dogentar . . . frit ó do Dia trocaire the more will mercy be shown thee, SR 1535. bid moti bas trēn mo scél, LU 9901 ( PRIA iii 536 § 18 ). is moti no chuired for na mathib int olc fogebtís in maith ra-mor boi accu remi the wealthy felt the evil they were receiving all the more for the superabundant affluence they had hitherto enjoyed, LB 154b8 . conid móti éstither riu immad erlabra do denam that they are the better heeded for their much speaking, PH 7840. atbert M. a n-anmanda friu ┐ ni móti foretatar som sin (= they were none the wiser for it), 1063 . móide is gránna gráin a ngníomha, | Gaedhil féin . . . | d'imirt an fheill the hatefulness of their deed is all the greater inasmuch as it is the Gaels themselves who practise treachery, Keat. Poems 1197. mó sa mó more and more: mo sa mo ro cumscaigit iat, PH 128. ar gach ló as mó sa mhó fhuilghim d'olc, BS 118 z . cech doimne no roisidh an t-adhnacul ba mó sa mó no geibthi an fuil the deeper the grave reached, the more blood was found, ZCP viii 560.22 . Of time in neg. sent.: na ticfa . . . ní bas mó that you will not come any more, TBC-LL¹ 4668. na labra ní bus mó any longer, PH 788. ná déantar leat éagnach níos mó, Keat. Poems 299. Superl. ni bo ed as mó ro gnathaigsem dún what we have been most accustomed to, SCC 14. duni is mó is bidba d'Ultaib who is the greatest enemy of Ulster, CRR 18. étach is mou no thechtad immbe the clothing he mostly wore, PH 873. an fer . . . is moam rot-c[h]ar who loved thee most, ZCP x 47.11 . conith fobithin is moam bertir anmain in cheneli doine dochum n-iphirnn, Ériu vii 152.19 . teora gua ata moam da-fich Dia which God punishes most, Laws iv 52.24 . it e ata mou atoibet do thopur ecna it is they who drink most abundantly, PH 6238.

IV Idiomatic uses (adj. and adv.).

(a) ní m.¤ dom it is not (too) much for me, I require, I ought to (have, do): [ní] m.¤ duib cia chomallaide . . . it is no great thing for you to fulfil, Ml. 95c3 (gl. non mirum [est si . . .]). cairemain . . . ní m.¤ ṅdemon remor n-imda doib, LL 29b40 (of rations assigned to various classes in the Tech Midchuarta).

(b) is m.¤ limm

(a) I think it much, excessive: is mor leisim in mile cemenn he makes much of going the thousand paces, Mon. Tall. § 71. ba m.¤ leo do thír aurland Temrach `the demesne of Tara seemed excessive to them', Ériu iv 124.5 . masa mhor leo-samh if they deem it too much, Laws iv 218.26 . ba mor, ba lond ┐ ba lesc leis dul as in baile, ZCP xiii 26.3 . cibé lé n-ab m.¤ a n-abraim riu whoever thinks I say too much, Keat. i 76.45 . Compar. iarmoracht Maoldithruib . . . dus imbad lór cáocai do gabail . . . Asrubart Máolrúoin ni bu móo dan (leg. dano?) lais a rrobuí isind tsaltir n-uli that he did not consider it greater labour to recite the contents of the whole psalter (than only fifty) (?), Mon. Tall. § 16.

(b) I think much of, esteem, value, etc.: (compar.) is mó lium so d'[fh]águail oldás mor d'innmas I had rather get this, PH 7207. is momo lem and chena nidat bunad Gædelge acht is bunad ceilli I much prefer (to believe) that [grammatical genders ] are not based on the Gaelic language but on sense (?), Auraic. 1461. iss ed is moam lem ciasa bunad Gaidilgi is bunad ceinil I had liefest believe . . . that they are based on sex, 4571 .

(c) is m.¤ ocum I think much (highly) of: ni he iarraidh in tṡaidhbriosa as mor ag Dia it is not seeking wealth that pleases God Ériu v 130.44 . gidh m.¤ agaibh a n-iomus though you rate their learning highly, Content. x 26.

(d) nach mór (in Glosses) `that is not great' follg. a neg. sent. (or virtual negative) = very little, hardly at all: huare nad tarbas a morchumachtae ṡom hisuidiu nach m.¤ , Ml. 64d13 (`his great power was not shown herein to any extent', Thes.), cf. 65d16 . cen immormus nach m.¤ almost without sin, Wb. 11d5 . With an affirm. sent. = almost: foraccaib laiss mind ali .i. cosmailius cometa libair Johain nád mór almost the likeness of (i.e. a copy of) the case of the book of John, Trip. 86.9 .

(e) ní mór, folld. by dependent clause in apposition or introduced by má, co, it is not much that (if) . . . = scarcely, hardly: ní m.¤ foracbus . . . coicfher nā rom-giall I left scarcely five men that did not do me homage, LL 147a44 ( PRIA iii 550 § 37 ). ni m.¤ conánic Príaim a ḟrecra P. could hardly answer, TTr.² 747. nach m.¤ do hairigheadh orra . . . doimheanma hardly any dejection . . . was to be seen in them, PBocht 111 § 10. dorala ni ingantach . . . ┐ ni mor masa incretmi he it is hardly credible, LB 152b16 . ní m.¤ ma doerna scéola[ng] indisen scél hardly a fugitive escaped, BDD 158. ní m.¤ ma ra ḟácaib comét intib (= hardly any one was left to guard them), LL 232a42 = ní m.¤ forácaib, TTr.² 612. ní m.¤ má ro proinnighsiot they had hardly finished their meal, AFM vi 2288.22 . ní m.¤ gurab lia ceann aca ioná creideamh they have hardly more heads than creeds, Eochairsg. 4.1 . ní m.¤ go dtaithneann re lán, mar adeirthi . . . id dhán many folk are scarcely pleased with (would hardly admit) the statement in your poem, Content. vi 205 . nír m.¤ gur bhean sé fai annsa bhaile he had scarcely taken up his quarters, AU iii 390.19 .

(f) ní mór, folld. by neg. clause, almost: ni mor nach rapsat a gconntabairt they were nearly in danger, Fl. Earls 12.23 . ní m.¤ nach roibhe gne imfhaitchis ar dhroing aca, 30.27 . ní m.¤ nat fáccbad . . . 'na hén-tuinn fhiataile almost (the whole tract) was left a waste of weeds, AFM v 1784.2 . ni m.¤ nach raibh mé ann gach uile olc I was almost in all evil, Proverbs v 14. muna bhfóiridh ceárd na n-áirdreann pobal críoch gCuirc . . . ní m.¤ nár bh'fhearr gan cháirde a bhfoscain-díoghlaim it were almost better to scatter them without delay, Keat. Poems 59. nír mhór nar fhuil dearg a dēar, PBocht 62 § 17. A different idiom is found in ZCP xii 389.14 : is mōr nā marbhtha íad it is much that they were not killed, i.e. they were almost killed.

(g) ní mó, introducing an additional statement after a neg. sent., not more = nor . . . either: ni lemaind labra . . . ┐ ni mo no lémad cid mo aircindech nor would my chief himself dare either, PH 2063. ni tualaing nech mo marbad . . . ni mo as tualaing m'anacal no one can kill me . . . as little can I be saved, ZCP vii 302.29 . ní hindderb lium tocht a criaidh, ní mo is ro-derbh linn ga huair (= as sure as I am that I must die, so little do I know at what time), 301 § 9 . níor éar Niall duine fa ghleo, ní mó éarfas N. never refused a fight, nor will he, Content. ii 42. níor mheasais . . . m'áireamh, . . . ní mó as éidir leat a mheas, xiv 52 .

(h) ní mó iná . . . not more than, only: ní mó nó mo chuid-si . . . millfighther only my portion, Comp. CC 77.6 ( Med. and Mod. Ir. Ser. iii ). ni mo ina le fulang Dé donither na huilc only by God's sufferance, Luc. Fid. 36.21 . ní mó ná imtheacht doruacht leó an tan . . . they had only just managed to get away, AFM v 1780 z .

Compds.

(a) mór is commonly prefixed to subst. instead of following it; in later heroic lit. such compds. are very frequent, being often used for alliterative purposes. The follg. are a few exx.: (from Glosses) máarbríg, Wb. 12d28 . mordechur a great difference, Ml. 26b1 . morthomas, gl. tantum pondus, 33c17 . in mórindrid (tantae vastationis), 66c19 . With superl.: ised as maamserc la tuistidi . . . primiti a clainde it is the first-fruits of their children that parents most love, 99b5 . ¤ chaindel, perh. = rígchaindel a large candle burnt in the presence of king or chief: is lór iomorro do shoillse isin tigh sin uile gion go [m]be[a]th ann mūirlēas mórchoinnle 'there is enough light in the house, even though there is no great light from a royal candle', BDC 256.544​ . mór-chath a great battle , SR 6492 ( ¤chad). pl. mórchatha , ZCP xi 81 § 11. ¤chin great guilt, a great crime , SR 6872. ¤chuirm strong ale , Ériu iv 106.9 . ¤gein a great birth (child, scion): do imgabail in morgene (mórgeine LU), TBC-I¹ 240. ¤margad, gl. nundinae, Ir. Gl. 327. ¤rí: linais Nia . . . slōgaib cach māirrig ārchoin N. fed with hosts every war-dog of a great king, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 18.21 (= gach marrigh, LL 387a27 ). trī maicc, trī mārrīg, ib. 2. ¤thimchell a great circuit ; freq. as adv. (absolute or with i n-) all round, about: batar for essama céin móir m., IT i 73.14 . focheird in circul m[b]odba mórthimchull cethri n-ollchóiced nErend, TBC-I¹ 1990. tri cressa i n-a m., FA 8. gan easbaidh . . . d'ar maithib ad mhóirthimcheall, ML 112.32 . ¤thinól: co cualatar in rí do beith mortinol ic Ath Luain with a great gathering (muster), RC xviii 45.27 (Tig.). With npr.: mac moir-Nēill, Irish Texts ii 7 § 6.

Occas. the subst. is modified in meaning by mór, forming a stable compd., e.g. mórchásc = in cásc m.¤ great Easter (distinguished from minchásc s.v. 1 min): do chaithem na morchasc, RC xxviii 322 § 49. See also mórdál, —menma, —sesser.

Follg. a subst. mór retains its adjectival character, being qualified in meaning, e.g. cennmór big-headed , clannmór prolific , SR 6802 ; such compds. will be found under first component.

(b) with adj. in adverbial sense modifying second adj. = very , often merely for sake of alliteration; occas. perhaps forming a dwanda-compd. ¤álaind: (superl.) ingen is mór-ailliu ro boí i nhErinn, IT i 71.8 . banscál is mor-aldom ro buí i nhEre, ZCP viii 310.1 . fled mórchain, RC xiv 412 § 24. dá manaís móirleabra big and long (? very long), Acall. 232. munter mormas, Anecd. i 59 § 79. mórmór very great , mórmó much greater (see above).

Often in adj. formed from subst.: rind Mairt morcathaigh the great battler , CCath. 1031. lucht . . . mórchodaltacha sluggards , Corp. Astron. 92.15 . morcuitech having a large share, Laws iii 462.20 . morghalach very valiant , Ériu v 152. 121 . morghlonnach of mighty deeds , RC xxix 118 § 17. mor-moltach deserving much praise , ZCP x 341.15 . snam mara mórthonnaig great-billowed , MR 172.18 . crann mor-ublach bearing great (? many) apples , Irish Texts ii 10 § 31.

(c) rarely with vbs. in adverbial sense (chiefly to secure alliteration): mármoigid eclais ennce 'innocence magnifies a church', CB 34 § 39 . do milledh ┐ do morairgedh mo tigerntus, ZCP vi 77.3 . ro muradh ┐ ro morchlaidhed . . . an port, AFM vi 2022.2 . ro mórmolsat an Coimde, BNnÉ 24 § 7. ro mid ┐ ro mordēch uadh, CCath. 4752. midheas ┐ móirḟéachas iad, Todd Lect. iv 72 § 22. So too in vn.: do midem ┐ do mórdescain bar in slúag, CRR 25. ac mordechsain na mara, Acall. 3211. do mhidemhain ┐ do moirdhechain, AFM vi 2256.22 . do mhóirdhegadh an tíre, Hugh Roe 156.18 (fo. 42 a) .

óigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. óigid or dil.ie/33644

v i. (óg `complete') in texts always without accent, stem oig- (oid-), occas. og-. Carries out, fulfils (a duty or obligation), used in legal phraseology. flaith nā oigi mama do neoch doairngir (i.e. who does not make good his promises), Laws v 358.3 , glossed .i. nā comoigend a moam .i. nā comallann, ib. 14 . ma ogaid a mamu techta (.i. mad comlanaigid a greim co dlightheach), ii 383.16 , 23 . rig . . . epscop . . . file . . . aire nad oiget a mamu, i 54.9 . tir aduberar do eaclais . . . nad oide folta ata coire fri hubairt, v 430.3 (of land given to a church which does not make due return to the donor). cach recht nad oge dliged a mamu, iii 24.20 . noco n-ogfiger dire dó, ib. 30 . ma ro sen ni oig nach cein cuimne (= he cannot remember the past?), H 3.18 p. 22b ( O'Curry 62 ).

Cf. conóigi.

serc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. serc or dil.ie/37233
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: Searc

n ā, f. A dependent gen. is usually objective but object may in later lang. be introduced by DO ( Fél. Prol. 148 , Stair Erc. 1140 , PBocht 5.34 ); also once with FOR ( Stair Erc. 1169 ). Described by GOI § 721 as `vb.n. of caraid (cf. Pedersen Vgl. Gr. § 677 ) but see GOI p. 683 (Translators' Notes 157 ) ; see also Stud. Celt. ii 92 .

love (both sacred and profane): mór in ts.¤ condechuith in crucem pro nobís, Wb. 22b11 . cid intain ronmoitsem ní bo ar seirc móidme, 17a13 . s.¤ dáe dúibsi et far s.¤ si do dia gl. caritas Dei, 18b21 . móa léu sercc a tuile quam dei, 30c11 . coro fessid méit for serce lemsa gl. ut sciatis quam caritatem habeam habundantius in uobís, 14d16 . is uisse a sercc dorat mór di maid duún it is proper to love Him, 4b10 . húise a ṡ.gl. amandus, Sg. 59b5 . amal as n-ed as moam s.¤ linnai adchotadsam triar saithar saindiles, Ml. 92c5 . arnach corathar i mmoth ┐ machthad dia seirc ┐ dia n-accubur, 68b9 . combad cutrummae frisin seirc rocar Crist inn eclais, 65d5 . inna sercae gl. affectionis, 53c10 . nī bu ūarach im ṡeirc Dé (of St. Brigid) Thes. ii 332.2 ( Hy. v ). s.¤ mór do Macc Maire `great love for Mary's Son', Fél. Prol. 148 . ar ṡeirc ríg ro charsat (rocarsat, rotcarsat, v.ll.) `for affection towards the King whom they have loved', May 8 . foruigenai dia Coimdid itir homoint ┐ abstainit . . . ┐ seirc nDé ┐ chomnesom, Trip.² 247 . do s.¤ am anmuin, do grad im craidhe (a prayer), Ériu ii 90 § 12 . ro char sercc tecmuis, RC iii 345.4 . ní frith luth seirce sóerligi | . . . conom thicse, LU 8328 (rhetoric). as descaid serci sírsilliud, 10728 . fo chosmailius Con Culaind ┐ ara seirc for love of him, 3260 ( SCC 5 ). ro charas tusai ┐ tucus seircc ┐ inmaine duit, IT i 120.23 ( TE 5 ). is grád do macalla | mo grad-sae, ┐ mo ṡercc ┐ m'inmaine dontí da tucus, 124.21 ( TE 9 ). miscais in chenntuir s.¤ ind altair `hatred of this world, love of the world to come', Ériu vii 138 § 1d . do urail a seirci fuirre `to press his love upon her', Laws v 294.z Comm . na ba machtad la nech comdire don[a] athlaechuib . . . mad beith dia seirc la Dia ┐ di met a saethair, iv 366.19 . is mac faosma ar searc `adopted from affection', 288.y Comm . altrumu seirce cen iarraith `fosterage of affection without fosterage-fee', ii 168.z (glossed: in taltruma do ni nech ar se[i]rc (sic leg.?). asbertsi frimsa dombérad seirc mblíadnai damsa, TBFr. 334 . ar met a seirci leis for the love he bore her, ZCP xiii 262.17 . fer díb cech lái fri seirc sét | dia ṅgeilt is dia lan-chomét, Metr. Dinds. iv 338.19 (`to guard the stock from sickness'). ? g pl. fada a ghúbha re saoth searc (: righfheart), ML 22.11 . ba eth as[c]nam isin flaith | . . . | in ri berus breit[h] for cach, | a s[h]erc ┐ a omun, MacCarthy 134.g . impait o sheircc in domain-sea forab airchindech diabul, PH 7118 . is e ro-mid ar nefní na huli ar mét serci Crist occe, 1674 . tanic s.¤ ┐ sirinmaine doib innd fir robai ar echtra, TTebe 223 . cuiridh Íosa . . . | briocht seirce san té thoghas `the charm of attractiveness', Aithd. D. 37.3 . la truma a seirci for E., Stair Erc. 1169 . co roibhe s.¤ siradhbul aigi do[n] mnai, 1140 . dá bhrígh budh dleacht dúnn | searc do rígh na ríogh, PBocht 5.34 . i mbeirt chumhadh | do sheirc Iarla Urmhumhan, Aithd. D. 36.7 . dáil a seirce `the bestowal of her love', TD 29.17 . tibhre seirce 'na silleadh `a smile of love', 13.8 . searc mná Ír dhuit, Aoidh, ná léig a bhfaill, 35.1 . g s. used attributively: ic torrachtain lennain ┐ mna serce `lady-love', RC xiii 222.38 . do thuit a dleacht-scéimh sheirce | dá gnúis álainn inniolta, Keat. Poems 1121 .

As the name of a group of tales: mad ferr lat . . . fisi ┐ serca ┐ sluagid, Anecd. ii 45.20 . Serc Crede do Canann mac Gartnain, 46.3 . As npr. Searc (a hound's name), Oss. iv 20.13 .

a beloved person or thing (cf. sainṡerc): asbert Findabair iarum ba hē a céts., TBC-I¹ 2914 . is tusa mo cedghradh-sa ┐ s.¤ mo chridhe, Stair Erc. 525 . a shearc m' anma (to the Trinity), Aithd. D. 70.1c . clereach gen ni | ni searc ri neach, IT iii 84 § 76 . ? To this: airer sula s.¤ , O'Dav. 178 .

Compds. ¤ball: Aigi sáir co serc-ballaib `of the love-spots', Metr. Dinds. ii 66.16 . ¤betha: mór mo shúil ré sheirc-bheathaidh `delightful life' (sc. in Heaven), A. Ó Dálaigh xxxi 9 . ¤bla: fria serc-bla sláin `loved spot', Metr. Dinds. iv 84.63 . ¤blad: ar bar serc-blaid sír-éistid `loved fame', iii 16.192 . hi flaith Nechtain . . . | co serc-blaid co sith-rúin, 218.30 . Damairne co serc-blaid sain, 282.71 . ¤brath loving betrayal (?): gabhaim oram mar iúl ghlan | senchus bhur sean do dhearbhadh, | dar searcbhrath séd mo sheisi | san séd shearcach shuirgheisi, L. Cl. A. B. 277.143 . ¤chluthair (see clithar, Meyer Contribb.): suadhach shámhghlan shármhaith shearc-cluthair (of a fair woman), Hackett xii 11 . ¤ṡiur a loving sister : brathar duit M. | sercsiur duit in mathair dan mac, Cog. 122.6 .

In adjj. derived from nouns: ¤gnásach: n pl. serc[g]nasai boairec `a 'bōaire''s favourites (?)', BCrólige 54 . ¤thnúthach desirous of love (?): do charas tar aon an Déirdre dheagh-ghnúiseach | . . . shaor-ghlan shearc-thnúthach, Keat. Poems 63 (`love-envious, exciting envious love', Glossary).