Search Results

Your search returned 11 result(s).

1 cor

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cor or dil.ie/12406
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: cur, car, cora, cura, cara, -uir, cora

n o, m. Later also cur, car, cora, cura, cara. Vn. of fo-ceird. c.¤ car (an tsíl ┐ na bḟíach ┐ na sligheadh ┐ fuaras . . . ┐ atá orum) . . . c.¤ (an eich . . . car an eich .l.) g s. -uir, m., IGT Decl. § 69 . cur (an tsíl) g s. cora m., § 70 . cura cora cara (an tṡíl) m., § 2 . Verbs § 58 . c.¤ a curvo , O'Mulc. 369 . in c.¤ , 499 . fuirmeal .i. cur, O'Cl.

1 act of putting, placing; setting up, etc. in a wide variety of contexts: mórfessiur . . . oc c.¤ cacha h-óenslaite (of building a house), LU 8059 ( FB 2 ). áes feig . . . do ch.¤ i n-óenfecht dia saichthin to send, 6145 (TBC). gan Aenach C. do c[h]ur not to hold, Ériu xviii 62 § 20 . ? ar c.¤ bissexa, LL 17463 . a chur ind `it shall be forfeited', Laws i 160.15 Comm. bid teora bliadna os úir gen a cur (of transplanting trees), Marco P. 165 . gan cur ná treabhadh soisgéoil planting, Mac Aingil 5005 . ? ac cur na sáraighthedh dictating the cases of s., O'Gr. Cat. 120.2 . clú M. ar c.¤ a caemna `has established her protection', Studies 1920, 419.12 . c.¤ eich spurring on a horse, Aithd. D. 77.27 . gan inghean . . . ré cur síoda ná gréis `wearing silk or embroidery', Keat. ii 2770 . an fhuinneóg . . . ar a mbī cur cléthe nó gráta = garnished with a strong grate of iron, RSClára 93b . ag cur chru `shoeing a horse', AFM iv 694.18 . ? sciath . . . do chur ber ┐ sleg ┐ saiget for . . . warding off(?), LL 24895 .

2 In figura etymologica: ní chuirfi c.¤ búada de `will not win thereby', Trip. 78.9 . noconfōicher c.¤ dia chind he won't stir his head, TBC-I¹ 706 (cf. ni lamad c.¤ de he dared not budge, LU 726 ). co rolád c.¤ isin dúnad take a turn round the camp, 154 (LU). asbér is c.¤ roda lláus immudu that I have simply lost it, TBFr. 168 . ba he met rolad c.¤ dia indtleacht na hingine such an impression was made on the girl's mind, ZCP xiii 262.20 . is níor fhéad c.¤ do chur dhi could not stir it, DDána 102.25 . Note further: do ghrádh ód thriath ná till ch.¤ `turn not by a single point thy devotion away', Magauran 2362 .

3 act of throwing, casting : c.¤ .i. urchor, O'Cl. di ch.¤ cruinn da-cer dul issa mmuir `from casting (the) lot' (gl. de ligno sortis), Tur. 132 . c.¤ cloiche (a game), Celtica viii 149.21 . cur clach, Cóir Anm.² i 179 § 10 . cur liac putting the stone, RC ix 454.18 . c.¤ ṅdeiled, Ériu iv 30.10 . ag cur dhísle, Studies 1923, 599 § 15 . foscaigthe na crann do chur fó thuaid don gréin that the trees were casting shadows, CCath. 1581 . gan fhuil a chnis / do ch.¤ , Ériu xvi 134 § 53 . le car snechta, IGT Decl. ex. 246 . lé linn . . . na gceath soin do chur, Keat. ii 2287 . Hence of feats, etc.: oc cur in rothclessa performing , LU 8844 . ag c.¤ iomána, RC xxix 116 § 13 . Note also: le cur claidem by plying the sword. Hy Fiach. 190.z . Of sounds: c.¤ ndelma, Ériu xvi 82.34 . a ngair ag a cur uttering cries, RC xiii 7.7 . Freq. of battles, slaughters, etc.: robu coscrach dia chur / a gleten fri diäbul `he was victorious from fighting his battle', Blathm. 175 . dotháet c.¤ mo diberga de, LU 7067 = BDD² 658 (`plundering', Gloss.). gan cath do c[h]ur, Ériu xviii 62 § 23 . ar cur āir after inflicting slaughter, BColm. 90.19 . fer cora choscair, IGT Decl. ex. 729 . Note also: corrthuafail (= c.¤ thuaithbil ?) gaoithe whirlwind , Corp. Astron. 112.17 . gaotha corr-thuaithbhil, 160.24 .

4 act of letting go, discarding : grís chaomh ar car a smáil, IGT Decl. ex. 1066 . ag car chnúais, ex. 594 . gach cnú chorr ag cur a bláoisce, KMMisc. 172.31 .

5 In a variety of idioms with prepp. (only a small selection can be given from a very wide range, especially where the later lang. is concerned): c.¤ lame ardodced getting involved in misfortune, Wb. 29b18 . car Mhoighe Aoí ar aitreabhadh renewing husbandry in Mag nAí, MS. Mat. 564.21 . c.¤ ar comrād fri canōin `intentness on (?) conversing with the canon', Ériu ii 65 § 11 . barr do chara ar an gceól gcrot, Studies 1919, 612 § 6 . dom char ort, DDána 90.12 `commending me to thee', Ir. Monthly 1920, 53 . ag cur mheic ar ḟer nÍ. imputing to, IGT Decl. ex. 1266 . cur chuca `interfere with them', TSh. 10169 . eolas gacha conaire no cingfitis do chur go crích doibh to lead them all the way wherever they went, BNnÉ 51 § 40 . ainm in míl-sin cen chur de (chev.; in full? precisely?), Metr. Dinds. iii 428.41 . cen a ch.¤ de, ZCP viii 268 § 44 . atá an chruinne dom chur (v.l.) dhí is discarding me, Dán Dé xxviii 24 . c.¤ gortha don ghalldacht `they undertake to set the Pale ablaze', Studies 1920, 417.14 . ag cur do chum an bhaile do ghabhail attempting, AFM v 1846.1 . C. . . . do ch.¤ do cum báis, vi 2368.15 . xx tunda fina do cur fo tir were cast ashore, Ann. Conn. 1310.10 . ic a cur for dail mbicc treating it as a small matter, CCath. 5014 . dám thrír táncatar ille / dá cur ra (= fri) Find, LL 29302 `sich . . . zu gesellen', Festschr. Stokes 9 . cur ré tuicsin cumacht an Airdrig to attempt to understand, Ériu ii 146 § 165 . decair c.¤ ré draoidheacht ndéin contend with, Duan. F. i 40.21 . cur red chlú ní chúala adding to, competing with, the equal of(?), A. Ó Dálaigh iv 1 . With i n-agaid, see agad, aiged ar c.¤ hi far selbad-si `putting ourselves into your possession', Wb. 8d26 . is c.¤ anma [ ] i mod confuses the spirit, Ériu xx 196 § 21 . cara im cheann to oppose me, Dán Dé xix 20 . Cf. 1 cenn dia c.¤ i cóic dividing it into five, Ériu iv 154.6 . a chur a gcrích uile = the whole disposing thereof, Proverbs xvi 33 . cach dá chur sin a n-ingnad air everyone marvelling at that, BCC 85 . gan iad féin le chéile ag cur `that they pull not together', O'Gr. Cat. 408.10 . rígh is sochair lén doirbh cur whom it is difficult to oppose, Content. xiv 55 . gan c.¤ le gan laghdugadh without addition, ZCP ii 350.10 . c.¤ do sétche uáit putting away thy wife, Wb. 10a21 . iar n-a chur roimhe rí Alban do ghairm de féin proposing, Keat. i 206.70 . do ch.¤ súlae taris `to cast my eyes over it', Mon. Tall. 136.22 . in c.¤ tar cenn gl. euersio, Ml. 36d23 . 72b12 . 99d7 . huan ch.¤ dar cénn gl. auersione, 118a15 .

6 With follg. adv.: iar na chur amach . . . co `after it had been reported . . . that', AFM vi 2226.16 . ? Íosa 's a dhá asbal déag / deacroide cur re a gcoimhéad / brath 'n-a mbun ó thigh do tigh / cur a-mach ar an muinntir, Dán Dé xxi 22 . ? is ferr do neoch a ch.¤ ass to give up (of unrequited love), LU 3943 ( SCC 44 ). ni bhi ga chur as ach sibal an re there is nothing interfering with it, Ir. Astr. Tr. 102.10 . ar mhórán do reachtaibh . . . iar n-a gcur síos written down, Keat. ii 4739 . teampall chille R. do ch.¤ suas `was re-erected', AFM iii 590.16 . cur suas de Dhia to renounce, O'Rah. 295.16 . óna neithibh atá agam' ch.¤ timcheall = a circumdantibus me, TSh. 4264 .

Transferred meanings.

7 leap, twist; throw (in wrestling): ro lá c.¤ n-iach n-erred de i n-arda, MU² 952 , cf. 1 eó, eú . c.¤ fo laim [no prep] (of a horse), Laws iii 180.17 Comm. tuc léim láidir ┐ car, SG 26.28 . troid beó fa comthruime cur, IGT Decl. ex. 529 . c.¤ arrachta `a powerful throw', Stair Erc. 1136 . Cf. rolá in scrín . . . curu dí, Fél. 76.38 .

8 twist, coil : anncoir gorm fa choraibh do chábla, óir, MR 349.z . snas donn a cúil 'na caraib, Prolegomena 45 § 27 . c.¤ d'irbull in dragun a timcill an leogain, ZCP vi 61.16 . ro latraigseat curu imm na cathaib `umkreisten', Alex. 247 = ro lasat curudu, etc,. ZCP xxx 113 .

9 twist, detour, circuit in road, etc.: curu gl. giros, BCr. 18b2 . do bretha c.¤ n-imruill fothuaid ┐ fodess do na sluagaib were led astray, LL 7931 (TBC). ar doirthi na c.¤ `des Weges', ZCP xxx 136.10 (Alex.). téid c.¤ seach an gcathraigh neamhdha `takes a course past Heaven', Dán Dé xxxi 21 . c.¤ sligheadh, PBocht 3.25 . c.¤ fo chosán = cenn fa eite (punctuation mark in Ir. MSS.), O'Don. Gram. 434 . Fig. do choraibh trúagha an talmhan vicissitudes, IGT ex. 770 . biaid cur da findfam there is a way of finding out, MU² 879 . c.¤ .i. cuairt, O'Cl.

10 tune, melody : c.¤ .i. ceol, O'Cl. cass c.¤ cuirt[her] guth ín luin, IT iii 19 § 53 . do sinn slithi senma cuir ┐ puirt, Fianaig. 58.14 . lucht athlaimhe ar choraibh ceoil, DDána 17.19 . ag senm a ch.¤ (a bird), IGT Metr. Faults§ 61 . ? nōnbor āesa cerdd[a] ina sessam imbi oc cur na clīara, Corm. Y 141 = occantain (no ocur), Corm. 7 .

11 In phrases: in cursa this time, LL 7650 (TBC). na bris dúin cairptiu . . . meni bethe ar in t-ṡluagud-sa a ch.¤sa, 8211 `now', TBC-LL² 648 . den chursin `in that moment', Mon. Tall. 148.14 . don chur sa, LU 6303 . dind ara chur `for the second time', Metr. Dinds. iii 4.33 . cedna cur, AFM ii 800.2 . ar ch.¤ éigin = aliquo modo , Rial. S.F. 1691 . ar éunch. at all (after neg. vb.), Parrth. Anma 2448 . gan a deunamh ar ch.¤ ar bith, Rule of Tallaght 27 . ar aonch.¤ ar bith, Párl. na mB. 308 . ar chor oile = aliter, TSh. 6482 . ar an uile ch.¤ in every way, A. Ó Dálaigh l 2 . ar dhá ch.¤ `for two reasons', PBocht 13.21 . ar gach c.¤ in every way, Measgra D. 70.15 . as gach cur, Anecd. ii 62 . ar an gc.¤-sain thus, Dán Dé xviii 19 . ar an gc.¤-sa, O'Hara 1413 . ar an gc.¤ gcéadna, PBocht 13.19 . ar an cc.¤ ad-chluinti `in the way you have heard', O'Hara 3098 . Cf. is é c.¤ ar a ráinig ríoghacht Éireann C. this is how, etc., Keat. ii 3701 . imon c.¤ cedna, Ériu viii 36.25 . c.¤ fri c.¤ together (?), ZCP v 487 § 15 . c.¤ nach ffiorfa an fháisdini `so that he shall not bring the forecast true', Duan. F. ii 56.31 . ar ch.¤ nach feas dó, TSh. 740 . In phr. ar chur in the power of, at the mercy of, at the disposal of: coíca laech ara chur, Metr. Dinds. iv 320.1 . ar mo ch.¤ , Content. xiv 53 . ar chur ┐ fa smacht Easpuig na Rómha, Keat. iii 11 . Hence in Keat. c.¤ ar power over: cur ┐ cumas aige . . . ar an eagluis (Peter), Eochairsg. 6.37 . cur ag an mbás ar na seacht ndrongaibh úd, TSh. 7893 .

Legal.

12 contract . `Irish equivalent of the stipulatio of Roman law, the solemn verbal contract', Críth G. p. 81 . Freq. c.¤ bél (where bél simply limits the general meaning of cor act of putting; not properly verbal as oppd. to written contract , which does not occur in early Irish law, Thurn. ZCP xv 307 - 8 ). Later in more general sense of bond, bargain, agreement, guarantee, undertaking , etc.: c.¤ bēl, Cóic Con. 71.15 . cuir ┐ cundartha, 20.10 . for curu bél, Críth G. 279 . cur (d s.) ┐ chairddiu, 373 . cintaib cuir (coir, MSS.) `to liabilities arising from contract', 339 . ni c.¤ c.¤ for nemthe. for eglais. for fhlaith. for éigsi, Ériu xiii 23.26 . cair cis lir chuir dochuisin? Nin. A do; sochar, ┐ docor, Laws iii 4.5 . acht na cuic curu ata taithmechta la feine, i 50.y . tellach tar curu bel `entry notwithstanding verbal agreement`, v 210.2 . raith fuasluictar coraib `a surety who is freed from contracts', 340.18 . fiadnaisi .i. fiadæ ro nass in c.¤ , O'Mulc. 499 . dentar lib iarṁbes cech cuir/ . . . / edpart matinda, SR 4401 . o roscarsatar ar cuir since our bargain no longer holds (?), 1725 . in c.¤ amra ronenaisc .i. comruc re hēnfer, TBC-I¹ 1185 . c.¤ . . . ┐ faesam rīg Hērenn . . . fair-sium protection (?), Fing. R. 939 . fā choraibh ag cliaraibh, O'R. Poems 2036 `under bonds', Gloss. ná táeb ré c.¤ Conaillech, IGT Decl. ex. 713 . liom gé madh maith an c.¤ chuinghim request , Measgra D. 61.103 . gurab uime do rinde se cuir re lucht na cathrach covenant, ZCP xi 140.12 . aitherrach cuir do ch.¤ don choróin `to transfer the crown', AFM vi 2258.13 . c.¤ nō oibliogāid riagla . . . S. Clára = the obligation of the Rvle, RSClára 145b . Of marriage-contract : issé dorigne curu a mathar fria athair, BColm. 6 § 7 . tucusa c.¤ ┐ coibchi duit amal as dech teít di mnaí, LL 7589 (TBC). maith risin mnáoi si amuigh / amhuil mur snadhmar a cuir, KMMisc. 346.19 .

13 Later in sense surety, guarantor (cf. aitire, naidm(m), 1 ráth): caide c.¤? tricha fear; caide arrae cuir? coic fir déc, O'Curry 347 ( H 3.18, 191 -2). c.¤ .i. urraidh téid an urradhas, O'Cl. it cora a fine fadeisin forra, Laws v 128.18 . fiacha do thobairt a laim an cuir, O'Curry 299 ( H 3.18, 165 ). cata cuir condaigi? . . . Na trí gillai etc., MU² 72 . Rauphel lium doráith / os cind cecha cuir, KMMisc. 255.1 . cuir ┐ rátha, Duan. F. iii 246 . ná (leg. na?) cuirsi do dheimnigh dún / na cuisne eighridh d'ḟadúdh, IGT Decl. ex. 368 . Note also: coro greis in t-ōclach na curu i cenn in rig .i. muir ┐ gaeth ┐ grian ┐ eoitheoir ┐ firmaimint, Dinds. 81 ( RC xvi 32 ). Less explicitly: tecait cura daingne dó, Metr. Dinds. iii 178.153 . ni epér . . . co m-bet cuir dam fria `pledges', MacCongl. 23.1 . neart ar do choraibh ┐ ar do shlāntaibh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 996 . In follg. late exx. the pl. form prob. means guarantee(s), undertaking, term(s): ro naidhmsiot a ccura . . . amhlaidh sin, AFM vi 2172.2 . gur ro naidhm a cura fris `league', iii 126.13 . tugadar cuir ┐ slána do Mhogh N., ML 8.12 . ro naidhmset a ccura friss `they . . . fixed terms with him', Hugh Roe² 132.13 .

In later lang. in various transferred and Fig. meanings.

14 Attrib. g s. cuir. Precise meaning unknown. See TD 1.6 note. go Cruachain cuir, Fen. 182.20 . C. P. na g-call g-cuir, Hy Fiach. 46.10 . Of trees etc. (us. transl. planted): a lubhghort cuir, SGS iv 66 § 29 . an dá chraoibh chuir `those two firm planted branches', Magauran 2064 . Of buildings: teaghdhais chumhang na gcloch gcuir `piled stones', PBocht 27.19 . sluagh na síodh ccorrbhroghach ccuir `strong round-terraced elf-mounds', O'Hara 3329 . asin cloich cuir (in wall), LB 157a63 . Note further: fear . . . go gcuirnín cuir, Hackett xliv 48 . ón chliabhán chuir, Duan. F. ii 62.y . in treas cleitin cuir `casting javelin', 24.17 . for cai cuir `upon the road of a circuit' (of poets), Auraic. 2221 . ? cá bhfuil fós caomhnuime gcuir (not transl.), Content. xxviii 62 (see cunnuimne). a haon trí céd cadla cuir, AFM i 562.1 .

15 act of overthrowing, defeating; defeat, reverse : a ch.¤ do Bh. `he has been outdone by B.', Magauran 225 . tearc flaitheas nach fuighe c.¤ `few kingdoms escape unshaken', Ir. Review 1912, 376 § 6 . fuair T. c.¤ `reverse', Content. v 101 . ? don tsaoghal so an chuir, Párl. na mB. 2179 .

16 state, condition, plight : dia do ch.¤ `awful calamity', PBocht 1.19 . c.¤ an phobuil, DDána 35.9 . an c.¤ do-chiam fúthaibh, 26.2 . cruth cen chēill, dōiriu cach c.¤, is neime i n-ōrlestar worse than anything, ZCP vi 267 § 2 . trúagh c.¤ chloinne Hādhuimh, ii 583.16 .

17 act of tiring; tiredness, fatigue (late; always cur): on brig arna cur = a virtute defatigata, Rosa Angl. 272.19 . a h-aitli tsaetair no cuir, RC xlix 5 § 2 . daóine do chur to weary men, Isaiah vii 13 . ? cen séis, cen cur, cen cumsanad, Laud 610, 25d (Plummer MS notes). ? bean is clann gá cur, IGT Decl. ex. 1117 .

18 V. freq. in later lang. in adv. phr. car(a) (seldom c.¤) in cháemlaí (-laithi) all day long, the livelong day : car an chaomhlaithi, IGT Decl. ex. 132 . car gach aon laithe, Fl. Earls 142.32 . car an chaoimhlaoi, A. Ó Dálaigh l (50) 34 . cara(?) in caomh-laī, Feis Tighe Chonáin 379 . c.¤ an caomlaoi, Grail 2759 . Also: car an chargais during the whole of Lent, BNnÉ 149.38 . c.¤ ind erraigh, Caithr. Thoirdh. 77.34 . car an ḟaghamhair, IGT Decl. ex. 950 . car an geamraidh, ex. 339 .

19 Meaning doubtful or obscure: is blicht la mnāi cur ar is donaite cach tua[th]bel, O'Mulc. 754 . dia coraib, Anecd. i 6.4 ( SCano 156 `agitations?' Gloss.). ba ard cīsel choscair chain / Cormac co n-āni a chuir, ZCP xi 109 § 21 . in mbuithib (leg. inb-) cor a saithe `at the time of the departure of his own swarm', Laws iv 190.13 . fear saor is a bhladh dá bhrath / dá char gion gur caomh a dhreach, DDána 91.6 (to 16?). thainig [siad] do'n chur to the place(?), Oss. vi 62 . ocus tuille: car beg da derbad inntaithmech in focail is aireacht the analysis of the word a. gives some additional proof(?), O'Curry 2272 ( Eg. 88, 20 (21)c ). trí fichid . . . gan ch.¤ and no more(?), Keat. Poems 1185 .

20 Compds. ? measam cundrada carlínad `the worst bargain is fulfilling a contract', ZCP xvii 69 § 7 ( ACL iii 230.153 ). crithre corphort sparkling melodies, Studies 1923, 598 § 11 . ? ba rechtaid críche / corsir `long enduring in contract', Celtica vi 234.y ( coirsear, Laws iv 16.22 ) = corsir .i. focard gulla .i. clocha, a cennaib a aile siu ┐ tall iar ngabail a tirí, O'Curry 849 ( H 3.18, 385b ). conclanna . . . corshnadmanacha (in wrestling), MR 254.26 . See abratchor, 1 gúala, tenchor.

1 cruth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cruth or dil.ie/13271
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: crotha

n u, m. g s. crotha. c.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 72 . form, shape, appearance; beauty of form, shapeliness : c.¤ .i. gne . . . cia c.¤ is bunadh cach n-ae, O'Dav. 509 . dorosait grein crotha glain, SR 291 . do thaidbred a chrotha di to show himself to her, LU 10193 . comchutrumma . . . eter ch.¤ ┐ écosc, Fraech 8 . c.¤ cách co hEtaín, BDD² 43 . c.¤ a mban, BColm. 88.6 . eter ch.¤ ┐ deilb ┐ dechelt, LU 7472 ( BDD 102 ). c.¤ ceill in beauty and sense (rhet.), 8441 ( FB 30 ). saineamla cec doen a crut, Blathm. 8 . mesir eocha ar a méd sgeó crotha, Ériu xiii 41.z . direnaiter crotha cummai `díre is paid for maimed figures', BCrólige 64 . ríg rochrotha, Metr. Dinds. iii 366.18 . na crotha ilardha .i. find ┐ dub ┐ brecc, Anecd. v 23 n.l . crotha na ceall `condition', Ériu xviii 66 § 36 . F. . . . go lí ccroth, Duan. F. ii 16 § 5 . do chinn ar áile ┐ ar ch.¤ clainni na mban, Smaointe B. Chr. 5557 . do-chuaidh c.¤ maith a n-ēagcruth dhí `she changed colour', Celtica iv 71.250 . claochlōd crotha, ML² 1601 . fáilte . . . / do ch.¤ t'aighthe, DDána 19.12 . i gcrothaibh fallsa disguised , 26.29 . an cruithsin i dtarla an taobh, Aithd. D. 96.7 . rachuid as a cc.¤ = shall languish, Isaiah xix 8 . ga crotha dona ceartuibh ó mbeantur íad which grammatical forms they are derived from, IGT Introd. § 2 (2.12) .

In sense of misfortune, distress, etc. (cf. i c.¤ with follg. gen. infra): an rí i gcrothuibh dhar gcinn-ne (of Christ on the Cross), DDána 48.25 `cráidhte', Gloss. a ttrén do-chóidh a gcrothuibh, LBranach 6844 (see n.). do-chóid an bhraoin-eangsa i gcrothaibh céimionnsa `has come on hard mischances', Aithd. D. 35.2 . i gcrothaibh do-chuaidh, DDána 103.16 . do-cháidh a gc.¤ , O'R. Poems 1775 `became a mere shadow (?)', Gloss.

In prepositional phrases: a c.¤ mairb `as one dead', Grail 3828 . i gc.¤ neoil, DDána 17.12 . a cc.¤ airdreannaigh aieóir like, Ir. Review 1913, 623 § 4 . ar bhfaicsin Críost i gc.¤ bháis, DDána 16.5 . i gcrothaibh báis `on the point of death', Keat. ii 3198 . ar ndul dí i gcrothaibh cumhadh having given way to grief, A. Ó Dálaigh liii 3 . a c.¤ a beith . . . tairisi dó pretending to be faithful to him, Expugn. Hib. 63 . i gc.¤ ghabhála Gaoidheal `about to rule all G.', Aithd. D. 3.7 .

In adverbial phrases. in ch.¤ so (sin etc.) in this etc. way, alailiu ch.¤ in another way (see GOI 161 ): isin ch.¤ sin bimmi nóibni, Wb. 3d27 . is inchrud sin rofitir . . . rúna dée gl. ita . . . cognovit, 8b10 . madinch.¤ sin beithe, 18b16 . saichi crud 'whatever way' Wb. 23 b 22 (a prima manu). isinch.¤so romboi dossom `it is thus that he has been', 33b1 . no isin ch.¤sa gl. uel certe ita, Ml. 44b16 . alailiu ch.¤ gl. aliter, 98d1 . nírubai nach c.¤ ailiu `it cannot be otherwise', Sg. 7b3 . conid gau dóibsem in ch.¤ sin, 40a15 . inchrutsin `in that manner', 63a14 . níbbad bind nach c.¤ ailiu `otherwise', 58b5 . inchrutsa gl. sícuti, 111a5 . luidseom . . . in c[h].sa, BDD² 153 . dia marbad ind c.¤ sin `in this fashion', Mon. Tall. 147.17 . baghaso an crutsa thus, ZCP viii 108.9 . céin bes in ben in c.¤ ucut, MU² 1047 . nī hinill do crāibdech airbera bith nach c.¤ la ṡōerbrāth fēin `in any way', ZCP iii 29.3 . fofrith ind ingin inc.¤so arrubartait `in the form', RC iii 345.16 . ba biodhba cech c.¤ `in every way', Blathm. 72 . Later with prec. prep.: . . . fo'n c.¤-sin thus, PH 814 . fon cc.¤ ccétna similiarly, Hugh Roe² 54.17 . do bheith san ch.¤-so, DDána 68.14 . Gaoidhil san ch.¤ chéadna-sain, 92.9 . a gníomh dá chora i gc.¤ proving it (?), Aithd. D. 46.10 . crú an ochta dá chora i gc.¤ nach . . . ensuring, 95.20 . ? an Bhanbha do bhiadh 'n-a ch.¤/ a labhra do Bh. `B. will be plainly seen calling for B.', 7.8 .

In quasi-conjunctional use (see GOI 546 ): c.¤ nandat chomsuidigthi `as they are not . . . ', Sg. 201b12 . in ch.¤ nandrann insce `as', 221b7 . inch.¤ donelltar mús `as mus is declined', 109a4 . con-eícdid doib c.¤ ropridchissem `how we have preached', Wb. 24c17 . c.¤ assechidi bethu et nebmarbtu, 29d24 . ronguil Caindlech, c.¤ rochar `even as she loved', Metr. Dinds. iv 238.41 . in c.¤ cétna rothairngert `in the same way', ii 30.56 . co méd mo chomairle / c.¤ codan-ic, ACL iii 220.31 . c.¤ roncuala as , Auraic. 5252 . c.¤ na tabair, Rawl. 115a28 . Críst, c.¤ ron-glea, Fél. Jan. 5 (`a form that may purify us').

With cía, cip, etc.: ci crud gl. quo modo , Wb. 24 a 9 (a prima manu) . ciac.¤ gl. quomodo, Thes. i 6.31 . rofitir ciach.¤ pridchimmeni, Wb. 24d5 . ciach.¤ forrassissiu gl. quomodo . . . proficisti, Ml. 38a9 . ciach.¤ nombiad inaicniud denma . . . `how could He be of a nature to do . . .', 17b26 . cia c.¤ ṁbias `how it will be', Sg. 147a4 . quatinus .i. cifot l. cic.¤ , ZCP vii 480.24 (Ench.¤ Aug.). cia cruthsaige (sic), Laws iv 68.19 . ciach.¤ fogebaid, SR 1131 . cia c.¤ rohilaigthi `how were they multiplied', Hib. Min. 8.x . cipc.¤ tra however it be, Wb. 12d24 . pridchidir doib cibc.¤ `howbeit', 14d34 . ni confetor cib c.¤ ind / aingel fa Dia, Blathm. 100 § 31 . c.¤ bat ma more vigorously, 66 . sechi ch.¤ dondrón, gl. si quomodo, Wb. 5d18 . cipē c.¤ i mbeid, ZCP viii 113.10 . cib c.¤ nó sdaid . . . a mbí siad, RSClára 91b . cecib c.¤ a mbaí a ḟír `be the truth as it might', AFM v 1820.z . With article: in-c.¤ a-fuilit feasa in-domain, RC xxiv 370.12 . 's na crothaibh a gcuala sinn `in the way I heard them', Content. xxx 27 . Note also: na crotha éagsamhla ar a bhfaghaid na daoine bás ways, TSh. 323 . ní fhuil c.¤ a mbearar ar .sh. nach amhlaidh as cóir úaim ría, IGT Introd. § 13 .

Later in phr. i c.¤ so that, in order that : a gc.¤ go rachadh romhaibh, Content. ix 27 . i gc.¤ gurab cuma dhó a bhás nó a bheatha, TSh. 95 . i gc.¤ go bhféadfainn na sléibhte d'aistriughadh, 9413 . a cc.¤ go mbia tú fírinneach, Isaiah xliii 26 . a cc.¤ go raibhiodar cách lán dá ngrádh, Beatha S. F. 1359 . a ccruith ná bíth súaimhnios so that there is no peace, Párl. na mB. 2463 .

In chevilles: congloraib c.¤ , SR 597 . c.¤ nad meirb `in no uncertain wise', Metr. Dinds. iv 4.47 . c.¤ atchiu, LL 37384 ( SG 317.31 ). c.¤ adfiadhait, Lism. L. 2107 .

Compds. With noun: i gcruthmhalairt i n-Íosa, Trompa na bhF. 4168 .

With adjj.: ingen cruthalaind, RC xxiii 396.x . crethfait clocha cruthamrai, SR 8083 . C. cóir cruthchaín, LL 34195 . C. condail cruthchaomh, Leb. Gab.(i) 186.20 . an clocc cruthfhalláin, Misc. Hag. Hib. 111.19 . mo Cholla chaemh chruthgel, Gorm. March 23 . o chlaind chruthglain Colmain, Rawl. 83b13 . fir . . . crutghranna, Stair Erc. 573 . Oisín cruithmhín, Hackett² 22.41 . re a comrādh cruthnaomt[h]a, ZCP x 341.6 . áirdrígh . . . cruithniamdha calma, Flower Cat. 400.4 . cathbarr cirach cruthordha, Aen. 2112 . dod dhreic chruithshlim, Aithd. D. 46.5 . tré chríochaibh an Choroinn chruthsholuis, Atlantis iv 174.15 .

With adjj. derived from nouns: F. . . . / chruthbúadach, LU 8297 ( FB 22 ). gusin inad cinnti . . . cruthfoclach ` definite ', MR 108.16 .

With vb.: do chruthmhalartaigh sé é féin, Trompa na bhF. 3440 .

epeltnech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. epeltnech or dil.ie/20179

adj o-ā (epeltu) in a dying state, moribund, perishing: na teora re inad eipiltnech a torad the three seasons in which his produce decays (gl. on: tri haimsera i n-adapail a torad) Laws v 450.17 Comm. in tan dosfic buaidred bāis, ni gabtha forgell in epeltnig (= quando moribundus sensum emittit nullo modo aliquid adfirmare potest) Laws vi 296.13 . Cf. duine ruc leis sis in t-arm... a haititin in fir bunaid, is [s]lan, uair is amail oin; in baile i n-apad uair is amail oin i n-inad eipiltneach, iii 218.17 Comm. it is as a loan in a place of death (?).

1 fochraíb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fochraíb or dil.ie/22493
Last Revised: 2013

(ds. fo + cráeb, Celtica i 342 ; also fochraib, see cit. at end of II).

I As adv. or attrib. with cop. near, close to, at hand: im fochroíb bá chían (gl. vel modo vel pridem) Sg. 151b2 . roḟitir co mba fochraib dia ētsecht, LB 33ay . curbo focraibh bās dōu, Lism. L. 564 .

II Subst. nearness, proximity , commonly in phrase: i f.¤ near, close to , with DO or gen. a cein a focraib, MacCongl. 122.8 . o ḟochraibh in tíre from near the land CCath. 1930 (? leg. ochraib, Celtica i 342 n. 4 ). mani bé nech aile ... i focraib dó, Mon. Tall. § 79 . itchonnairc Patraic i fochraib dosum, Fél.² lxxxiii 29 . mīl atcīthur a fochruibh chuithe, Laws ii 58.6 Comm. tancatar i fochraib Ísu, PH 3101 . co bia tú indiu imm' fochraib-sea i pardus, 2893 . imdigem ... i fhochraib in tii nom tídnaicend fri croich towards 3072 . muna theagmadh lucht a freastail ... ina focraibh da ḟoiridin, CF 52 . ni lodar a focharuib na hanma in company with Ériu v 122.51 . robui a righan ... hi fochruib gacha righ, Stair Erc. 163 . ro suidhsit ... a fochruibh arale, 321 . do deachaidh gach aon baoi na fochraibh dia dechsain, AFM i 340.11 . ro cuimnig cāch a anfolta a céin ┐ a focraib diaraile ann sin their grudges old and new (?) CF p. 75.73 . forfhagaibh tra Patraicc fágbála ... do D. ┐ dia chlannmaicne .i. forfagaibh doibh ina fhocraibh buaid n-einigh ... fora mnaibh `in the near future' (? besides ) BNnÉ 25 § 11 . na fhochraoibh (: naoimh) near him Dán Dé iv 22 . Beside = compared with: ba suail um fhochraibh (: sochraibh) th'aighneas `poor would be your argument compared with mine' Content. xxii 24 .

indossa

Cite this: eDIL s.v. indossa or dil.ie/28510

Forms: indassa, indosa, innosi, indnoisse, andossa, anois, anos, anois

(ind-ḟoss-sa, forms with palatal -s- <ind-ḟoiss-se) adv. Variously written : indassa, indosa, Ml. innosi, TBC-I¹ 1364. indnoisse, PH 6028. andossa, Laws v 54.25 Comm. anois, PH 3782. anos, O'Gr. Cat. 384.13. Mod. Ir. anois.

now, just now (ref. to immediate past or fut.) : indassa ł. cachlacéin gl. nunc, Ml. 108d11 . indosa gl. modo , 58c15 . amal rongab indosa in drong briatharde persine tanise in as `as for example now the verbal group of the second person in -as ,' Sg. 159b5 (? here read indorsa). indosa gl. nuncubi, 14b2 . nis rainnfe i.¤ , ScM. § 12.2 . nī fo cīan iarsin gnīm adchūaid Fergus indosa co ndernasom béit n-aile, TBC-I¹ 486. appraind ... nach hé Cu Chulaind fil it richt i.¤ , LU 3354. cia fot atúsa isin chotlud sa innossi ?, 6359 . mani creiti-siu i.¤ `nisi nunc credideris,' Lat. Lives 12.4 . rot-marbu[s]-sa innossa oen dot muintir, 96.15 . imthúsa Chonruí meic Dáire sund innossa, TBC-LL¹ 4644. ma ro badar sen innti fri re in erluma ... ocus ni uiled andossa, Laws v 54.25 Comm. toduiscfet-sae duitsi corp mairb eiccin it fiadhnaise innossae fen, CCath. 4080. ro-fhetabar-si uli ... conid iar ndédenus innoissi bias in cháisc, PH 5066. cia as eolcha anāid anoisi ? (: Coisi), Ériu ix 176 § 1. ar n-éigsi as neimhní annosa (: Eódhusa), Studies 1923, 421 § 2 . rofagbus-[s]a Brea i n-eslainti ina leabaidh annossa `but now,' Aen. 1170. fogeba-su co luath annosa inni sin, 588 . anois gu tiugh ┐ anis co tana ┐ anis gu hard, 23 P 10³, 35b2 .

Frequently used without any temporal sense (cf. Eng. now) : cid dogní-siu andsain innossa a ingen, TBC-LL¹ 216. ga tulach and in tulach sa thúas innossa ? Sliabh Moduirn sin innossa, 1201 - 2 .

3 má, ma

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 má, ma or dil.ie/31164

Forms: ma, mai, mad, ma, mararubart, ma, matchím, matchí, mani, mini, mane, mana, maine, meni, min-e, -a, mun-i, -a, masam, massat, masat, másat, mas(s)u, masa, maso, mas, más, manid, matu, madam, madham, mainba, munbáam, madat, madit, mádat, mad, manip, menip, minab, munab, mat, mainbet, manibat, menbat, menbadat, mad, mainbad, mainbed, manibad, manibbad, manipad, manibat, manibed, menbad, manbad, munbad, matis, ma, maniptis, má, muna, má's, máiseadh, madh, munab, mun-, mur-, murab, mura, mur, mur, ma, manas, masad, masdod, munid, manid, manip, munab, má, masu, manibad, mainbad, mad, mad, má

conj. if. Synopsis of forms in O.Ir. and Mid.Ir. (forms found only in latter are enclosed in square brackets):

A. With vbs. other than copula: ma (Glosses): má, Ml. 85d6 , freq. in Mid.Ir.; mai, AU 617 ; [mad]; folld. by deuterotonic verb-form; lenites follg. cons. (but cf. ma rrufeste, Wb. 9c8 ) and sometimes prefixes h to follg. vowel. Elision before follg. a is rare: mararubart (= ma ararubart), Ml. 112b5 ; matchím if I see, TBC-LL¹ 3357 , matchí if thou seest, 3353 = TBC-I¹ 2592 , 2587 . With neg.: mani; mini, Wb. 9d1 ; [mane, mana, maine, meni; min-e, -a; mun-i, -a].

B. With copula:

(a) folld. by indic.: pres. 1 s. [ masam, CCath. 596. ] 2 s. [ massat, LU 6971 = BDD 62. masat, PH 4708. másat, BS 100.13 .] 3 s. mas(s)u. masa, Ml. 108a16 , 118a5 . maso, SR 3497 (mafo MS.). [mas, más]. (neg.) manid. 3 pl. matu hé, Wb. 2c14 .

(b) folld. by subj.: pres. 1 s. [ madam, Acall. 800. madham, CCath. 4210. ] (neg.) mainba, Wb. 17c10 . [ munbáam, Acall. 1071. ] 2 s. [? madat, TBC-I¹ 2641 = madit, TBC-LL¹ 3442. mádat, TTr.² 1801. ] 3 s. mad; (neg.) manip [menip, minab, munab]. 3 pl. mat, Wb. 28c21 , Sg. 189b4 , CRR 5 , Laws ii 324.6 , 362.25 , 382.2 (all text). [ madat, ZCP viii 217 § 2. ] (neg.) mainbet, Wb. 11c5 . manibat, Ml. 24c1 . [ menbat, LL 265b36 = MU 26.27 ]. impf. 2 s. (neg.) [ menbadat, RC xiv 426 § 47 ]. 3 s. mad (?). (neg.) mainbad, Wb. 4a20 . mainbed, 6c31 , 9b19 . manibad, Ml. 134b3 . manibbad, Sg. 17b8 . manipad, Mon. Tall. § 4. ? manibat, Trip. 78.18 . manibed, SR 4129. menbad, 4643 . manbad, LU 3771 = SCC 34. [munbad.] 3 pl. matis, Wb. 11a22 . 5b15 . Ml. 73d1 . 40c17 ( ma atis). (neg.) maniptis, 73d1 .

Mod.Ir. forms: má, (neg.) muna. With cop.: má's (mé, tú, é, etc.), máiseadh; madh (early Mod.Ir., now obsolete); (neg.) munab; in some dialects mun- becomes mur-: murab eadh, Luc. Fid. 325.10 ; mura mbeith, 259.5 ; mur bhfuil, 262.18 . mur ttaisbeunair, 284.1 .

I In O. and Mid.Ir. used in protasis of a conditional statement, if ; with neg. if . . . not, unless ; folld. by (A) indic. for a present or past condition, (B) pres. subj. for a future condition, (C) impf. subj. for a remote future or unfulfilled condition ( Thurn. Hdb. § 890 ).

A. With indic.:

(a) with vbs. other than copula. In O.Ir. when the follg. vb. has no infixed pron., ma infixes -d-, see Thurn. Hdb. § 425 , Pedersen Vgl. Gr. § 537. ma chomalnit a ngrád . . . ma ru-d-choiscset a mmuinter if they fulfil . . . if they have corrected, Wb. 28c7 . ma du-d-esti ní . . . íccfidir if aught is lacking . . . it will be made good, 25a30 . ma du-d-ell ní if he has stolen aught, 22b7 . mani-d-chretid esséirge Crist . . . nib-noíbfea for n-ires if ye do not believe, 13b19 . ma du-d-rignius ní if I have done aught, Ml. 23c27 . rot-bia onóir ma fíraid duit . . . ind fissiu do fuaslucud, SR 3355. ma ro sárugus do smacht, 1403 . ma thecait Ulaid, ní theciub-sa, TBC-LL¹ 5019. ma ra-charais . . . fǽ lais if thou hast loved him, 4561 . má thánic a thrath, 3629 . ma do-s-gní Dia feirg fri re mbicc . . . dogēna ar comdidnad iarum, PH 6637. ma daronus-[s]a bar n-osaic-se, 5269 . mad cretid Crist, atber!, 448 . is peccad . . . do neoch cen aíne do dénam . . . mad conicc, 6029 . munob (mánop LU) gaib far nglindi unless your bonds hold you, TBC-I¹ 1515. at meirb mani-d-frescai thou art weak unless thou hope for it, Fél. July 19 . mani-d-cuala if thou heardest not of him, June 13 . mani chumaic nech iat do dénam, PH 4697

With the subst. vb. the form fil is used in 3 s. pres. in O.Ir. ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. § 641 ), but tá is common in Mid.Ir. ma nu-dub-feil i n-ellug coirp Crist, adib cland Abrache, Wb. 19c20 . ma nud-fil etir á foraithmet if there is any memory of them, Ml. 107d12 . ma nod-fil fer i nhEre, ZCP viii 311.34 . má ta nech icon cloich thall, SR 6157. ma tá ocaib 'sin dun . . . ┐ mani ḟail, TBC-LL¹ 1765. ma ta cumachta latt, PH 3871. ma tá ceol a nim, cid nach biad i talmain?, Acall. 3484. manas-fuil os an seolchrann if it is not above the mast, Leb. Gab.(i) i 256.

(b) with copula (generally used to emphasize some member of the conditional clause). masu du réir spirito ataaith if ye are subject to the Spirit, Wb. 20b16 . massu cut séitchi ro cretis . . . manid co séitchi ro cretis, 10a29 , 30 . masa choimdiu if he is lord, Ml. 108c16 . masu ed sluindes ind rann if this is what the part of speech expresses, Sg. 27a11 . maso ḟír . . . for ṁbith iarmui do Abram, tucaid uaib etere if it is true that ye are A.'s descendants, SR 3497. más co mbaraind debtha totháet, FB 46. mas iat benas in fid, TBC-LL¹ 1398. masa thú | demin limm isat lomthru, 3659 . masa mac Dé tu, slanaig tu fén if thou art the son of God, PH 2864. masat mac Dé iar fhír, apair . . ., 4708 . matu hé ata horpamin indí ro chomalnaiset recht if those who have fulfilled the law are heirs, Wb. 2c14 . masat Herennaig ┐ menbat allmaraig, isat Ulaid, LL 365b36 = MU 26.27 . mástat [= másat] carait . . . mastat námait, FB 84 = masad . . . masdod, ZCP iv. 172.33 . manid innonn forcital linn unless our teaching is the same, Wb. 17b32 . manid caindleóracht in tige as áil duit do chosnam, FB 92 = munid ZCP iv 175.20 . ni cian bai hIssau ic seilgc | manid gáu dó . . . mochthánic astsleib . . . mas e thuc in sére-se, SR 2866 , 2868 . The 3 s. ind. form manid passes early out of use, giving way to the subj. manip (minab, munab): mas o Dia ata in fhís-[s]ea ┐ minap togoethad diabuil, PH 1542. minab lór lett a n-abair . . . dféch thuas, 7639 .

B. With pres. subj.

(a) with vbs. other than copula. is deid som ma arí in fer-so maní n-airi immurgu ní deid if he find this man; if however he find him not, Ml. 30d24 . ma dugneu, 23c24 . mani bée dechur isint senmuim ni tucatar inna rríara, Wb. 12c43 . mani-s-mbe bethu suthin unless they have eternal life, 13b20 . mani eple de if he die not of it, Sg. 181a5 . ma ro-m-thoicther-sa . . . mani-m-rothcaither, Thes. ii 293.6 ( SP i 5 ). ma dorontar ón if it can be managed, Mon. Tall. 52. mani-mbé sēt sīrhettla, meni tabra dilgud dam, SR 2086. mani thetarrais issin chetforgam, ni thetarrais co fescor, TBC-I¹ 650 (LU) = maini tetarrais, YBL. mono thæth in ḟirmimint . . . nó mani thí in ḟarggi, TBC-LL¹ 5975. manu thisat, 4271 . moni digsid ass . . . no-bor-mairfither, IT i 75.3 . mairg dobeir seirc do duni | mene-s-tarda dia airi, SCC 44. mine rab déirc accum unless I have charity, PH 5910. mine fhacur-sa slicht na cló . . . ní chretiub unless I see, 6694 .

(b) with copula: mad hinunn a n-etargnae in chetnidi ┐ in dirṡuidigthi bid hinunn randatu doib if the notion of the primitive and that of the derivative be the same, they will have the same particularity, Sg. 188a7 . mad in chruth sin beithe if ye be in that wise (gl. pacem habete et Deus . . . erit vobiscum), Wb. 18b16 . mad marb duini . . . do chumaid . . . bid marb Iacob if any one should die of grief, SR 3601. mad hi cein . . . menip cían, 6125 , 6127 . mad nóeb ar-id-lega if he who recites it be holy, Fél. Ep. 178. mad ḟorum-sa bus róen, TBC-LL¹ 3750. mad iat fir Herend bes and, CRR 11. mád co féirg dothí C. . . . is amlaid coto-méla-ni, FB 52. mad amlaid seo dechsam d'airitin chuirp Crist (=si . . . accedamus ad hanc coenam sanctam), PH 5353. mat hé na briathra-sa forcane if these be the words thou teachest, Wb. 28c21 . mat anmann adiechta emnatar and is écen coma-comol if nouns adjective be doubled there a conjunction is necessary (but not in other cases), Sg. 189b4 . mat ruanaid if they prove valiant, CRR 5. ní torbe la suidib [precept] manip sulbair unless it be eloquent, Wb. 8a12 . mad aire chuinces sin . . . ┐ manip ar daig lessa, PH 7990. munba deóin le Righ na rann . . . munbo cairnech in craidhe, ZCP vi 268.11 , 12 . manibat fer[r]-som de (gl. si non . . . fecerit meliores), Ml. 24c1 .

The form mad (madh) continues in use in early Mod.Ir.: madh fírinneach . . . comhrádh an duine . . . madh bréagach, TSh. 1777.

C. With impf. subj., generally corresponding to an impf. subj. or conditional in apodosis and sometimes with force of pluperfect.

(a) with vbs. other than copula: ma nubed if it existed, Sg. 31b21 . ni tibertis piana foraib mani esersitis if they did not rise, Ml. 15c7 . ma doruirminn if I should recount, Fél. Ep. 128. (with tmesis) ma ro loídib lammis if we dared in lays, ib. Fél. Feb. 27 . meni bethe ar in tṡluagud-sa . . . doraismis Ultu if thou wert not in this hosting, TBC-LL¹ 766. monu thiastáis if they should not come, 4277 . mina chredind-se he . . . nis-cuirfind techta if I did not believe in him, PH 449. muna mbeith acht an aonghamhnach istigh were there but one stripper in the house, Keat. iii 2757. With pluperf. force: ba miscuis atroillisset . . . mani thised trocaire if mercy had not come, Wb. 4c15 . ma rrufeste ní gētte if ye had known, ye would not snatch, 9c8 . mani thorasta mo dáil . . . no bíad Nabál cen anmain if thou hadst not come to meet me, SR 6321. ni boi i nnim . . . dúl tísad frind, mine thísad Lucifer, MacCarthy 62.5 = LB 112a11 . mina báitea-su mé . . . nis-bíad pian form hadst thou not drowned me, PH 8258. With cond. in late text: ma ragad cliar dimdach de `if a company went grumbling from him', Ériu iv 214 § 10 (gé bheith v.l.).

(b) with copula: mad forṅgaire dognein, docoischifed pían a thairmthecht if it were a command I gave, Wb. 10a27 . ní bad samlaid son mad on chetnidiu nobed this would not be so if it were from the primitive, Sg. 207b2 . mad ed asberad . . . is ed rogigsed if he had said . . . this is what he would have prayed for, Ml. 32d5 . mád do Laegaire . . . tisad ág . . . no sirfed hErind, SCC 29. ni ráncatar som less a scríbint mainbed díar nertad ni they have not needed to be written unless it were to strengthen us, Wb. 6c31 . docoith dígal forru: matis tuicsi ní rígad if they had been elect it would not have come, 11a22 . matis mu namait dudagnetis ┐ maniptis mu charait dudagnetis had it been my enemies and not my friends that did them, Ml. 73d1 . is é in claideb dobéraind . . . menbadat [sic leg.] aide if thou wert not (my) fosterer, RC xiv 426 § 47. munbud coll crabaidh . . . robo gairit linn t'accallaim-si if it were not a breach of piety, Acall. 127. In follg. instance, mad appears in combination with an absolute form of the copula: adubairt an Díabul ris, mádh bo mac Dé é arán do denum dona clochaib, Maund. 91.

II Special uses of má+copula.

(a) masu ed if it is that, if so is used in Sg. to express doubt of a foregoing statement; 21b6 , 50b13 , 124a1 . In later Mid.Ir. sometimes with force of a concessive particle = if so, in that case, then , or to introduce a contrasting statement: glosses igitur, BB 299b28 . sluindfet a thri buada cech ócthigirn . . . Tri meth octhigirn massed `on the other hand', Ériu ix 46 § 12 = LL 147b23 . Common in mod. lang.: is ón tTighearna atá imtheacht an duine; cionnus fhédus duine maiseadh a shlighe féin do thuigsin? how then can a man understand, Proverbs xx 24. gion go bhfuil an teine-se síorraidhe, maiseadh is iongantach an truime atá innte (=etsi non sit aeternus, miro tamen modo gravis est), TSh. 3999. tar ceann go dtugthar Scotia d'ainm ar an gcuid úd don Bhreatain . . . maseadh foillsighidh Beda go ngairthí an t-ainm sin d'Éirinn nevertheless , Keat. ii 5868.

(b) manibad (3 s. impf. subj. cop.) often appears folld. by a subst. in elliptical sentence, if it were not . . ., but for . . . ; cf. Wb. 9b1 : minibed croís ni bíad etrad if there were not gluttony. manibed Moísi . . . óenfer díb nā faicbed beo that, had it not been for Moses, he would not have left one man of them alive, SR 4129. manbad omain Dé . . . no berad leis cenn Saúil but for the fear of God, 6393 . minabad do shnadad, robtis do reṅga rigthi, TBC-I¹ 1182. munbad Conall . . . ropad forainne bad róen, CRR 56. ní biadh iffern . . . minbadh mé there would be no hell . . . but for me, Ériu iii 148 § 4. manibat ainmnet . . . nutscaílfeth cumachta Dé `but for my (? God's) patience', Trip. 78.18 (but cf. reading in ACL iii 20.4 : mani bit ainmnit .i. ciuin). With pres. subj.: ni thánic . . . fer bud amra manip [manipad v.l.] do chruas save for thy hardness, 120.4 . Cf. mainbad fororaid in rí had not the King lent aid (?), Hy. v 32 , with gl. mani fortachtaiged T, mani fured F; edd. Thes. ( ii 335 ) connects mainbad with follg. line.

(c) in older language when the subject of a vb. in 1 pl. is analysed as `thou and I', the formula: mad tú if it be thou is used, the 1 s. pron. being already implied in the vb. (see KZ xlviii 51 ). dia mbamur mad tu leis ic foclaimb bindiusai when thou and I were with him, ZCP iii 249 § 64. cia bem-ne madh tu . . . i n-airisem, Anecd. ii 9.3 . cid nach n-acallmis mad tu? why should not you and I converse? ZCP xiii 268.3 . consáiter etrunni mad tú between thee and me, IT iii 244.1 . Cf. anas bermaisin matau (leg. an-asbermais-ni mad tú?), ZCP viii 329. 26 = anasbermaisiu ma táu, LL 330c9 , anasbermaisim matu, BB 166a6 .

(d) mad folld. by a subst. or equivalent often serves to introduce a new subject of discourse or a contrast = as for, with regard to: mad messe, ba dethbir dam, etc., SCC 45. madh é Fraech immorro, ro eirigh co moch as, ZCP xiii 171.3 . mád ind Assia beg immorro, TTr.² 1046. madh a n-adhnacol ní cæmais as for burying them, thou wilt not be able, Anecd. i 72 § 198 . mád in ra brethaigestar Cúruí as for C.'s judgement, FB 90. madh an ro dusaig do marbaib | is mó milib as for the dead he raised, ACL iii 303 § 11. mad nofail [leg. 'na fail?] d'hilphianaibh ann . . . lia nāt luibi as for all the divers punishments there . . . (they are) more in number than herbs (?), SR 933 (where Stokes takes mad as = immad quantity). mad o Adam . . . co ngénair mac De, cóic mili is cét . . . ocus sé bliadna nochat as for (the period) from Adam to the birth of the Son of God, 2333 . is dō a óenur do nach airchend bás . . . ar mád sinne immorro is a[irchenn], Thes. ii 351.23 . madh iad clann R. tra, así comhairle doronsat, AFM iii 226.5 .

(e) similarly in the common formula: mad iar (do réir, etc.) (if it be) according to: mad du stoir . . . mad du rúin according to the literal sense . . . according to the mystic sense, Ml. 44b4 , 6 . mad iar sians imorro . . . is ed doforne, PH 3449. mad iar Cirine . . . mad iar n-Augustin, 6435 . mad iar n-araile immorro, issi a liathroit, etc., TBC-I¹ 525. mad do reir na sgoile, MacCarthy 278.5 . Cf. also: dobí macaem . . . arna damnad docum a loiscthi tria drúis do denam di (mado fis), Maund. 57 ; leg. mad ō fis if it be from knowledge (= if it be true)?

(f) similarly in phrases like: mad cose up to this, hitherto , in which mad appears to be a mere expletive. ní ḟetatar . . . inad beo-sa mad cose, TBC-LL¹ 4940 , cf. 739 . dulig sár ar bar sluagaib mád cose, LL 238b23 ( TTr. 1615 ). Áth nÍ. a ainm mad cosin, Áth F. a ainm o ṡain ille, TBC-LL¹ 4948. mad colléic, 5148 . mad gustráthsa, 5111 . ni rugusa troidh theithidh . . . má guse, ZCP viii 551.20 . mad costrasta ` just now ', MR 262.24 .

III Acht má (mani):

(a) in affirm. sent., acht má = `but if', unless: acht massu made in chretem except the belief is vain, Wb. 13a34 . nocon ḟetar-sa ac[h]t mad sin | cid imma ndernad unless that be (the reason), TBC-LL¹ 608. acht má. dothísad . . . ni reg-sa, Trip. 118.14 . ní thic do neoch acht mád doneth fein [acht mine dernad LB] unless [God ] were to do it Himself, FA 9. acht ma tecmadh secht tengt[h]a filed i cinn aenduine . . . do beth ní dia chomrumuib gan turim, ZCP viii 111.16 . acht madh chena even so, nevertheless , Laws iii 542.9 Comm.

(b) acht mad, folld. by subst. unless it be . . ., except, saving . . . only , generally after neg. sent. acht mad Rab . . . ni therna . . . oenfer, SR 5069. ni ruc claind . . . acht mad óeningin, IT i 130.14 . cia doragad and acht mad Findchad?, CRR 8. ní mairenn don muintir . . . acht mád missi, Acall. 3320. co na raibi acht madh foraithmed bec di i nErinn, Acall. iii 4.13 . ro fetar-sa co na bia maith eitir de acht madh olc uili, CCath. 4603. ní therno eladach betha dib acht ma misi, ZCP xiii 233.13 .

(c) acht mani unless indeed (a more emphatic concession than mani). nad ḟetar-sa . . . act manip íat in Galían, CRR 11. ni raga ass . . . acht mani-t-ainge ben unless a woman protect thee, SCC 14. in aíne cen in almsain is bec a tarba, acht mani beth do bochta neich co na raib aicce almsa dobera unless one's poverty were such that one had no alms to give, PH 4972. acht manibad drochduine he, ni thindlecmais-ni det-siu he, 2698 . is maith [ind elada] . . . acht muna beth sianargan in brechta sídhe inti, Acall. 3482 (`but for a twang of the fairy spell that infests it', SG ii 191 ).

IV In Mid.Ir. mad dá (dia) often takes the place of má folld. by subj.

(a) mad da tí a thig, CRR 22. méraid ní bus lia a laídhi | madh dá ndíla a commaíne if she requite, Acall. 801. mad da ríus Emain, TBC-LL¹ 1208 , cf. 3416 . mad da mbeind-se i crichaib Ulad, CRR 8. Exceptionally with pret.indic.: mád dammamar [madam bámar, St.; leg. mad da mbámar] allanair [sic leg.] ac Scathaig if we were (still) yonder with S., TBC-LL¹ 4102 , cf. 4039 .

(b) mad dia ti taris, is bǽth, TBC-LL¹ 1644. mad dian bérthai [mad dia mberthai, St.] uide uad, 595 . mad dia marbthar Mani mór, | bid díth cethern, TFerbe 370 . mád dia follamnaige co fírén in rí, PH 4086. ba hed adgegmis-ni ani sin mad dia fédmais, IT ii2 228 § 3 . mad dia mbeth at cumung if it were in thy power, RC vi 175.54 . With indic.: madh dia ndeni-siu forru if thou do [it ] to please them, BNnÉ 304 § 16.

V Other idioms:

(a) inge má unless: iṅge mad etarscartha unless it be separated, Sg. 75b5 . inge mad dligtechu in ceili, Laws ii 338.1 , cf. O'Dav. 708. Scarcely, hardly: ingi ma rochoillset fir, TBC-I¹ 265. as ing má ro thérna neach riamh hardly any one escaped, Hugh Roe fo. 15 a . go mbo hing ma rob éigen . . . a n-airm d'imbirt forra [sic leg.] it was hardly necessary, fo. 81b . With subj.: iss ing ma rasoissed [sic leg.] cind mile bliadan a dhomhnai it could hardly reach its bottom, Ériu ii 132 § 109. See 1 ing, 1 inge.

(b) is becc má `it is little if', scarcely: is beac ma ba oirrdearca Concobhar C. was scarcely more illustrious, CF 411.

(c) ní mór má: ni mor masa incretmi he it is almost incredible, LB 152b16 . ní mór má doērna sceola indisen scel hardly a fugitive escaped, BDD 158. ni mór má ro proinnigsiot they scarcely broke their fast, AFM vi 2288.22 .

VI Rarely used to introduce a subst. clause: ni cuman lim ma rudbaitsius nach n-aile, Wb. 8a3 . robú mór a homun lium-sa ón mad and atbelmais-ni . . . ┐ mani-n-soirthae my fear of it was great that we should die . . . and that we should not be delivered, Ml. 96a10 . is dual dun mani [mina v.l.] torgoethat in[na] duailc[h]i it behoves us that vices should not deceive us, ZCP iii 450.4 .

VII In early Mod.Ir. má (folld. or not by nó) is used exceptionally to introduce a disjunctive clause, whether (Lat. sive): madh beag nó mór an chréacht doníthi leo, ní ghabhadh leigheas greim don othar, Keat. ii 1731. ma's beo marbh iad whether they be alive or dead, Parrth. Anma 327.10 . mas olc maith me, 343.22 .

mod

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mod or dil.ie/32427
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: mod, m., m., mudu, modh, -a, modgnimrada

n o, n. and m. (Lat. modus) n s. mod n-án, SR 2943. m.¤ ṅdil, 3415 . m.¤ nglé, 2575 . ba m.¤ n-áig, TBC-LL¹ 1481. a p. mudu, TBC-LL¹ 3078. Late decl.: modh (ón bhés), IGT Dec. § 95 p. 127 (g s. n p. -a).

(a) manner, mode, way, fashion ; in Glosses used to translate Lat. modus. dā mod naturæ ┐ dā m.¤ fortunae (gl. quattuor modis), Sg. 138b4 . gaibid m.¤ ṅ-argumint (gl. instar argumenti), Ml. 64c12 . ó cach mud (omni modo ), Sg. 45a10 ; cf. 25b11 ; 203b3 . ní ho mud neirt dogairem-ni noibu it is not from the fashion of strength that we call (men) holy, Ml. 37b16 . is coir doib . . . comrac ime, in tan nach fetait tobach dligid o mudh aile in any other way, Laws v 302.23 Comm. o muth fortachta by way of encouragement, Aisl. Tond. 98 § 2. o mud na con after the manner of dogs, BColm. 82.34 . o tri modaib ro aimsig diabul inní Ísu .i. ó chraes, o maidmige, o díumas, PH 4822. taispénaid cia m.¤ as a mbrisend se in recht in what way he violates the law, 2588 . ros-crochsat fo mud a tigerna they crucified it (the image) as had been done to its lord, 126 . tuc-som sigen na crochi . . . fo mhug na Cristaige in the Christian manner, LB 234a55 . co mbetis aice fo mud airm ┐ diten that they might serve him as arms of defence, 233b19 . fó mud charpait cetherriata, 235a50 . batar leo . . . tengtho a mmudh nathrach like a serpent's, Aisl. Tond. 104 § 3. ó tá an domhan i modh cruinn of a round shape, Content. v 40. modh tagra tabhair-se dhamh `give me fair play in argument', xxiii 2 . tinnscedal in righflaithiusa Romhanta . . . ba saine modh leis ┐ lasna hardflaithiusaibh remhaind the Roman sovranty began in a different way from those just mentioned, CCath. 46. go bhfuilid ceithre modha ar a bhféadaid na neithe, etc. there are four ways in which, TSh. 3151. In more restricted sense, way of behaviour, manner, habit, etc.: is i sin oen-ingen ro gab moda Derdrinni fuirri . . . etir cruth ┐ chēll ┐ lamdai, RC xxiv 272 § 3 . nach eolach . . . for a modhuibh nā for a mbescnadaib, Marco P. 116. ni roibhi . . . ben dob ferr . . . modh ┐ múnudh, ZCP vi 24.7 . ógh fa uaisle modha, PBocht 60 § 54 , cf. 37 § 16 . ni budh maith an mogh damh . . . gan a ithe it would not become me not to eat it, BCC § 122.

(b) often used as rel. adv. in above senses: m.¤ conid-tuccid (= prout potestis intelligere), Wb. 21c11 . m.¤ arcanai, ACL iii 298.5 . cach modh dobeir saethar furra whatever trouble it gives her, Laws iv 10.32 . trummu á peccad ar chách nach m.¤ formberat according as they increase, Ml. 71c1 . nach m.¤ ata-sníaim whatever way, Fél. Oct. 26. nach m.¤ don-bered dia bélaib, IT i 138.15 .

(c) in Sg. used to translate Lat. modus = (grammatical) mood: ciall cech muid, 190a3 . ciall inna n-ule mod, 190a1 .

(d) measure, limit (like Lat. modus): arna esgaba m.¤ á cuindrech that the chastisement may not exceed measure, Ml. 22c8 . m.¤ condinroirea a measure so that it may provide for us, Wb. 29b16 . m.¤ for talla inn [sic leg.] tri mēr the space covered by the tips of three fingers, Laws ii 238.11 . ní béram-ni m.¤ n-ordlaig . . . bar culu we will not budge an inch, TBC-LL¹ 5977. modh noi ceimenn, 3892 St. conidmidethar som a mmod ┐ a fit `regulates her portion and her pittance', Mon. Tall. § 60. ní bidh modh ar saidhbris na Romhánach the wealth of the R. was beyond measure, CCath. 240 ; cf. 5760 . na cuiridh tar modh a [= i?] saethar sibh do not exert yourselves immoderately, BNnÉ 68 § 107. ? Sengund o Belach in Chon | rosiacht m.¤ co Lumnech les the extent (of territory) allotted to S. reached from B. in Ch. to L., LL 8b7 .

(e) function, work, service: he fesin as choimsid dáu in muid dungní he is his own master of the work, SP ii 8 ( Thes. ii 294.3 ). déni in chruth sain do m.¤ maith, SR 1617 = dena amlaid sin do m.¤ ┐ do monar, MacCarthy 64.16 ( LB 112b2 ). noch[o] dein moda acht criathra[d] mine does no work save sifting flour, 132.13 = IT iii 20.1 . rannaid etarra modh in tres fir they divide between them the task of the third man, Lism. L. p. ix 10 . co n-epert C. congeupad moda et māmma ind fir, ZCP iii 251 § 9. damad derb leis dul go grod | ni dingnadh egna nā modh if he knew for certain he would die shortly, he would neither study nor toil, vii 301.9 . Deed, performance, achievement: d'indissin m.¤ ┐ morgnim gaili na Feinde, Acall. 7255. sul donéor mo mudu, TBC-LL¹ 3078 = TBC-I¹ 2276. oididh Muircertaigh na modh, MacCarthy 398.9 . modh .i. gnim, O'Dav. 2168. modh .i. obair, Eg. Gl. 478. This or else (a) is prob. the sense in chevilles: m.¤ ṅglanna, SR 861. m.¤ cen hír, 6665 . m.¤ mass, 5021 . caom an modh, Lism. L. 3422.

The follg. exx. are perhaps an extension of this sense: ro fail gnúis is grátam dó | dober m.¤ don banchuireo (= his beauty gives the women-folk no rest?), TBC-LL¹ 264 = TBC-I¹ 62 (`Ehre giebt er den Frauen', Wind.). a ben trebar dosbeir m.¤ | bith dia ceiliu cen chotlud it gives his careful wife concern that her husband is sleepless (?), IT i 97.14 (`seine kluge Frau bemerkt dass . . .' Thurn. Sagen 3 , see ScM., Med. & Mod.Ir. Ser. vi, glossary ).

(f) honour, dignity, consideration (due to a pers. calling, etc.); seems a late use arising out of the sense `function, office': ni bi omun ar bith fair, acht mogh [sic MS.] na righi do coimét (i.e. he keeps a bodyguard not through fear but to uphold the royal dignity), Marco P. 69 , cf. 76 . ní tiubharthar dhó i sgolaibh | modh ughdair ná deagh-ollaimh, Content. xvi 181. ní tú dogheibh modh . . . acht na grádha 's an aibíd not your person but your religious orders and garb receive respect (?), xiv 1 . doberair mogh nach dleghair d'fhoir Oiligh, Irish Texts ii 84 § 21. go dtugadar . . . do mhodh ┐ d'onóir dhó, TSh. 5565. re a comhairle nír chaith modh paid no heed to, PBocht 68 § 10.

(g) idioms.

(a) is ed m.¤ (folld. by clause); see Celtica xiii 121-22 : iss ed m.¤ danas-tarsed fiadchorr tagraim do lár a gruade a crane could hardly have reached to pluck it, TBC-LL¹ 2603 = TBC-I¹ 1940 ; is ed a modh nach tairsed, H 2.17 , Eg. 93 ; is contabairt go dtairsedh, St. is é a modh nach tairsedh, etc., Comp. CC 103.3 ( Med. and Mod. Ir. Ser. iii ). is ed m.¤ da risad ubull díb dochum talman hardly a single apple would have fallen, TBC-LL¹ 2618 = TBC-I¹ 1945. issed m.¤ nar bo thornocht in talam fótho, TBC-LL¹ 5153 ; 'the ground was hardly bare of them' Celtica xiii 121 . Perhaps an extension of sense (d) = it is the limit if (that). . . . Cf. iseadh modh lais .i. as teann obair leis, O'Cl. s.v. modh. modh .i. contabairt ut est acht modh fortalla ind trí mer .i. is inbechtain dia dtalla inn tri mer, O'Dav. 1258 ; for citation see Laws ii 238.11 , quoted (d) above.

(b) mod nad mod, expld. by Pokorny RC xxxiii 64 as a way that is (really) no way, i.e. hardly, scarcely . See also BBCS xxiv 484 . atconnarcatar úadib m.¤ nad m.¤ .i. in fat rosiacht índ radairc a roisc, LU 10056 ; cf. ZCP xvii 201 (YBL & Eg. versions); the words: .i. in fat, in LU seem to be a gloss incorporated with the text. ataig in cendáil occo isin sudi faire m.¤ nad m.¤ i ndesid inna sudiu. Conggair nonbur aile fair, FB 84 ( LU 9094 ), where we should perhaps read: m.¤ nad m.¤ a ndesid inna sudiu conggair, etc. he had scarcely taken his seat when another nine challenged him (so Thurn. Sagen 49 ).

Compds. ¤gnímrad exploits, performances (coll.); pl. fer coimeta modgnimrada gaile ┐ gaiscid na Feindi, Acall. 6465 n. (p. 329) ; 6822 . ¤mall of leisurely manner, tranquil: muir modhmhall, Fél. 182.11 .

1 ó

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ó or dil.ie/33364
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: ó, hó, oa, ua, ualailiu, ón(d), (h)uan(d), ón, ón, on, ón, hond, huand, ond, uandí, huand, onaib, honaib, huanaib, hunaib, óna, (h)uaim(m), óim, (h)uait, (h)uad, ood, ōd, ód, uad, huad, huadh, uada, uadha, uaid(h), uaidh, (h)uadi, úade, huade, uathi, uaithi, hude, (h)uain(n), huann, húan, uanni, huanni, ónni, onni, uann, uainn, úanna, (h)uaib, (h)uadib, uaidib, huaidib, úaidib, uadib, uaidib, uathib, uaithib, úathu, uathu, uathaibh, uatha, uatha, óm, ót, óa, ó, óa, ua, ó, , óa, ua, ó, hoa, hua, hua, ho, ondid, honid, onid

prep. leniting follg. consonant and governing dat.

Forms O.Ir. ó (o); hó (ho), usual form in Ml. oa, Sg. 4b1 . ua, 3b4 ; 112 ( Thes. ii 290.5 ), cf. huaitherrechtaigthib, 32b2 ; ualailiu, 25b12 .

With art.: sing. ón(d), (h)uan(d): ón bunud, Sg. 33b2 . ón chiunn, Wb. 22a17 . on deacht, 9d10 . ón spirut, 15a12 . hond airdbiu, Ml. 55b17 . huand imbud, 56b23 . uand aitherrech- taigthiu, Sg. 32b7 . (with pron. í) ond, 156a1 , 3 , b3 . uandí, 156b1 . huand, 156b2 .

pl. onaib, Sg. 44a3 . Enchir. Aug. 75b ( ZCP vii 482 ). honaib, Tur. 91 , 92 , 93 ( Thes. ii 491 ). Ml. 32b2 . huanaib, Sg. 33b8 . hunaib, 32b6 . hona fuathaib, Enchir. Aug. 76a ( ZCP vii 482 ). Mid.Ir. óna.

With pron. suff.: 1 s. (h)uaim(m). óim, Enchir. Aug. 75a ( ZCP vii 482 ), archaic. 2 s. (h)uait. 3 s m. (h)uad. ood, Cambr. 37 a ( Thes. ii 244.25 ); ? ōd ( ód v.l.), Trip. 238.21 (archaic forms). Mid.Ir. uad, huad. huadh, Hib. Min. 8.271 . uada, TBC-LL¹ 2251 , PH 841 , 908 , 2118 , 7636 , 7682 , 7782 , 8289 . uadha, 7722 . Later uaid(h), mod. uaidh. 3 s. f. (h)uadi. Mid.Ir. úade ( huade v.l.), Hy. v 36 ; uathi, uaithi. hude, Mon. Tall. 150.23 . 1 pl. (h)uain(n); huann, Wb. 4d9 . húan, BCr. 32b3 . uanni, Wb. 12a12 ; huanni, 5a7 ; ónni, 4b19 ; onni, Cambr. 38a ( Thes. ii 246.21 ). Mid.Ir. uann, uainn (uaind). úanna, Mon. Tall. 153.28 . 2 pl. (h)uaib. 3 pl. (h)uadib. uaidib, Wb. 24b29, 27d1, 31d18 . huaidib, Wb. 32a29 . úaidib, Bechbretha 62 § 23 . Mid.Ir. uadib, uaidib, uathib, uaithib; úathu, TBC-LL¹ 3557 , 5092 ; uathu, 3581 , 3630 , 5064 . uathaibh, uatha, Keat.; mod. uatha.

With poss. pron.: 1 s. óm; 2 s. ót (later often ód); 3 s. óa, ó (latter form common); 3 pl. óa; ua mbraithrib, Wb. 34a6 . In late Mid.Ir. -n- is often inserted before the poss. of the 3rd pers.: ó (= óa) , TBC-LL¹ 6159 = óna ó, H., Add.

With rel. pron.: óa n , ua n , ó n : hoa rícc, Wb. 5c16 . hua mbí, Tur. 10. hua n-erbirmis, Ml. 135d3 . hua ndirrudigeddar, Sg. 33a23 . ho n-eroimer, Ml. 17c7 . ho torgab, 32a23 . ó n-aidil- cnigthir, Hib. Min. 8. 245 . cia o-rb halachta, Lat. Lives 65.8 ( LB 62a22 ).

With cop. 3 s.: ondid, Wb. 12d23 . honid, Ml. 51c2 . Mid.Ir., onid, BColm. 32.25 .

In late Irish lenition is arbitrary in stereotyped phrases like: ó sin ale, see TD ii 264 n. § 36 . Occas. folld. by acc. pl. in Mid.Ir.: o marbu, PH 1073 , 1854 , etc.

In meaning, corresponds in general to Lat. a, ab or to the ablative case, in Glosses used to represent either. Hence by analogy after arbeir biuth = Lat. utitur: ho n-erberad biuth (gl. qua oratione sit usurus), Ml. 48a5 , cf. 48b12 . hua n-erbirmis biuth which we spent, 135d3 (gl. ex illo tempore quo degebamus [in Aegypto] `in which we lived'; the glossator perhaps mis- understood the Lat. construction). Cf. also Hib. Min. 13.438 : aranni arbar bith inn aesa dilmain on bethaid shuthain = eo quod scilicet vitâ aeternâ fruitur; `because the lawful people enjoy life everlasting', Meyer, but the construction is not clear. Similarly Enchir. Aug. 79b : ut ratione utatur (.i. o cheill).

I Denoting separation from (lit. or fig.), after vbs.

(a) of motion: tóiniud flatho ó róma[nib], Wb. 26a5 . eirg ón muicc ! get away from, IT i 104.13 , cf. do duit uaim be off! 214.19 . imreitís úathu ┐ chuccu to and fro from them, TBC-LL¹ 3557. na daíne claenus o t'aithnib who swerve from, PH 7303. atracht [Christ] . . . o marbu, 1854 . regaid cech n-olc uaib, 2102 . dochuáid úait in curathmír you have lost, FB 43. go rachadh a thir ┐ a dhúthaidh uaidh, ZCP ii 558.27 . Putting, sending, casting (away), etc.: léic uáit inna biada mílsi put away, Wb. 6c7 . ros-lá úad uli sent them all away, Mon. Tall. 23. sín in láimh uait stretch forth thy hand, Ériu iv 118.13 . focheird a adbena . . . úad, TBC-LL¹ 1076. sróna na n-ech . . . ac súgud grene ┐ gaíthe uathu ┐ chuccu exhaling and inhaling, 5064 .

(b) taking from: oc tabairt tana bó uait carrying off thy herd, IT i 101.24 . dia ructhar ar mna doera uand, TBC-LL¹ 1130 (= úan LU). co mbert a mac huaithi, ZCP viii 310.37 . dobered . . . búaid ṁbáire . . . ona tri cóictaib maccaem, TBC-LL¹ 971. cidh bé doberadh buaidh catha ona naimdib, Maund. 10.

(c) desisting, hindering: anad o pecdaib, PH 3455. in rí tairmisces a chloidem o fhuil (= qui prohibet . . . a sanguine), 4213 .

(d) preserving, delivering, etc.: condanfírianichthi úadib (sc. a peccatis nostris), Wb. 2d14 . dlegar do neuch a chongmail uadi to keep away from her, Mon. Tall. 14. dia coimet on índdirge, PH 1009. ros-glan Dia in tempul on uli élned, 2098 . ro saerait . . . o bas, 412 . ro thuaslaicset . . . popul na ngénnte o fhógnum hídal, 4565 . Similarly after adjs. denoting exemp- tion, etc.: bid slan tú o fholaid Christ `free from the enmity of C.', PH 803. isam nemchintach-sa o fhuil in duine noim, 3282 . Cf. is fáss ó comarbaib féin hí (the steading) is empty of its own inheritors, BColm. 78.14 .

II Origin, source from which someth. comes or is obtained:

(a) after copula or subst. vb., expressed or understood: is húad cach n-ecne all wisdom is from Him, Wb. 7c15 . rop saiget húan fri demnai, Hy. i 20. is ond nemud a n-incoimet `they are to be minded by the "nemedh"-person', Laws iv 180.20 . is eiric tairsce uadaib and `it is the fine . . . that is due from them for it', 138.8 Comm. ná bith fochunn uaimm fein dom aecṅduch let me give no cause to speak evil of me, Wb. 11c1 . gach lá saire er a fhuil cengul on eglais (= which the Church enjoins), PH 7373. na feich uilet uad asa faithchi which are due from him, Laws iv 28.15 Comm. After a noun: furóil serce ho Pool doib-som abundance of love from P., Wb. 14d30 . in fírinne hó hiris (= ex fide iustitia), 4d23 . gním uad feisin foir feisin action from himself on himself, Sg. 209b12 .

(b) after vbs. of motion: comma rí far ṅdígal huaim-se that vengeance for you may happen from me, Wb. 5d37 . ni fil uaidib som o nach ri (ónach ric LU) there is not one of them who cannot do it (lit. from whom it arrives not), TBC-LL¹ 684. ní tharnic úan do rád (= we failed to announce it), TBC-LL¹ 645. rangus ó Iruath 'na diaig (= Herod sent messengers after him), ZCP viii 115.1 .

(c) sending; bringing, taking : foídis E. techta úad fo Erind, IT i 118.32 . leig uait misi d'indsaigi na Teibi send me, TTebe 1025 . berar a n-imchumarcc huáib let a salutation be taken from you to them, Wb. 7b4 . ructha eipistil uad fon uli thalam, PH 1171. doberdis audpartai dosom ó Máolrúoin, Mon. Tall. 10.

(d) receiving, getting: in doínecht araróit som ónni which he hath assumed from us, Wb. 4b19 . ni hetus huaim fess ri fer, IT i 120.22 . fogebtís mor d'ulcc ona naimtiu, PH 4049. ros- cendaig on Iudaide had bought it from, 55 . With ellipse: is ail dona mnáib ind eoin ucut úatsiu the women would like to get those birds from you (= would like you to get them those birds), SCC 5. Analogous: cech bo . . . no-mbligtis da trian blechta d'immarcraid uadib, IT i 72.6 . forodamair guasachtu . . . o latrandaib, PH 1659.

(e) asking, desiring: ro thothlaigset fortacht o Dia, PH 6292 . dom íarraidh úam ar éládh asking me to elope, Ériu ix 4.40 . cid is ailicc dúib húam? what do ye desire of me? iv 140.5 .

(f) hearing, learning, etc.: amal bid o Dia rachlóithe, Wb. 24d21 . cech dírúais ro Columb ó chille cualammar that we have heard from Colum C., RC xx 258 ( ACC 64 ) = o Chollum Ch., LU 866. sochide rodá-scrib húan many have transcribed it from us, BCr. 32b3 . uadh do sgriobhadh i lleabraib it was written down from his teaching, ZCP viii 116 x . is áil a fhis uaib I wish to find out from you, PH 1067. indis do cách creitfes uait, 2395 .

(g) this is prob. the orig. sense after vbs. of giving. In later Mid.Ir. and in Mod.Ir. ó is commonly used with the reflex. pron. after such vbs. damadh leis righe an c[h]uiccidh . . . dobheradh d'eicsibh uado he would give it away to poets, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 v 93 § 21 . da tucadh duine cach uile festa uáidh, Maund. 181. tabraid dam in n-aiscid sin uaib, TTebe 3314 . an cath dobhéaridís uatha nó an braighde whether they should give battle or give hostages, Ériu i 81 § 14. Similarly after vbs. of saying: innis-[s]iu uait dam tell me, Ériu v 26.14 . inneosad uaim daoibh-se sain, Keat. ii 1645 (poem).

(h) to express derivation, descent: [regno] ondí as rex (gl. a rege), Sg. 156a1 . bid titio atinne ┐ titulus huadh ` titio' is a firebrand and `titulus' (is derived) from it, Hib. Min. 8.271 . is úadib Crist (= ex quibus [est] C. secundum carnem), Wb. 4c2 . madgénair ó Mairi, Fél. Prol. 251. in iat a tustige o ṅgenir? PH 2292. saíthi ór chin Ó Caímh from whom O'Keeffe has sprung, Ériu iv 218 § 26. Gaidel glas . . . o tat Gaidil, MacCarthy 288.1 . bid uad Heriu co brath Érin will be (inherited) by his posterity, RC xxiv 192.9 . is húait bias flaith for hÉirinn co bráth, ZCP viii 318.3 . Dondchad ní fil huad D. has left no posterity, 296.18 . dia mbad o Uib Neill . . . in rige if the king- dom were held by one of the O'Neills, Ériu v 232.11 .

(i) after vbs. of naming, calling, after, from: o máthair ro hainmniged (of Concobar mac Nessa), Ériu iv 22 § 1. do- bretha ainm fair o anmum in tsrotha, RC vi 177.110 . an t-én ceileabhrus do chách | uadh sloinnfidher é (i.e. he will be named Lonán from `lon' a blackbird), ZCP viii 109.22 . uait do gairmeadh ainm an taoisigh, Keat. Poems 1530.

(j) in sense hailing from, coming from: fer . . . on Antuaig a man of Antioch, PH 284. on Effis dam I am from Ephesus, 1058 . in sab . . . ó Óendruim, Fél. June 23 . in maccáin ó Bethil, Dec. 28. Occas. after titles: cing o Nuibie king of Nubia, ZCP vi 56.24 . iarla o Barbuicc earl of Warwick, 24.16 . (analogically) iarlacht o Bharbhuicc, ib. 4 .

(k) used with refl. pers. pron. on the part of; of oneself, of one's own accord : ni uaínn fesine ataam for tectiri (gl. non quod sufficientes simus cogitare aliquid a nobis), Wb. 15a13 , perh. rather to be referred to (c). huadib féissna . . . non ab alio , gl. per se [pati demonstrant], Sg. 144b1 . línaid [na dabcha] uatha fein fill of themselves, Maund. 18. osclaigid . . . na doirsi uathaib fein, RC xii 334.3 . Cf. méin mhaith uaibh- se gé do fhuair, | uaidh féin as uaisle flaith Fáil is noblest on his own account, Ir. Monthly 1919, 399.16 .

Analogous are the follg. exx. in which ó is used after an adj.: gebe duine deradh . . . nach fior uaim a raidhim, Rel. Celt. ii 292 y . amhnáirech uan aighed ort it is presumptuous of us to face thee, IGT Dec. ex. 1388. Cf. na daeine onab eolach leabur do legadh who know how to read (?), Maund. 117 (leg. donab?).

III Cause (closely akin to preceding): is o aicniud pectho doforchosalsam it is from (our) sinful nature that we have trans- gressed, Wb. 21b4 . is borb . . . cech duine on gentligecht `through paganism every one becomes rude', PH 725. is ó duthracht a menman badéin dochoid (= ductus voluntate animi), 4742 . relta . . . onid sorcha in bith, BColm. 32.25 . bid subach sind ma dubach ind on aithrigi I shall be happy if I am sorrowful through penitence, ACL iii 234 § 8. an duine chuimetus a run ona aithne de who keeps a secret because bidden to do so, Ériu v 128 § 31. dergfait cloidbe . . . beit úada gan maithius they will gain nothing thereby, ZCP iii 32.18 .

Of persons (regarded as cause of a certain state): cia orb halachta in chumal, Lat. Lives 65.8 . fá torrach uad fein í, TTebe 4800 . is imda ledartha ┐ cuirp tholla annso uadha (= he has left many mangled corpses), ZCP xiii 244.11 . an cúiger druadh . . . an cuigead uadh dob ḟuigleach the province was left a remnant by them, Ériu iv 222 § 38. gan fear 'na bheathaidh aguinne ó Chonn is óa thriathaib, ML 38.2 .

IV Material from which someth. is made: dorigéni Dia corp duini ó ilballaib, Wb. 12a29 . ainmidhi cumuscdha ó dhuine ┐ ó tharb (of the Minotaur), ZCP iv 239.3 . To this head belongs the idiomatic use of do-airissethar with ó = consists of (in), prob. an imitation of Lat. consistere, constare with abl.: is hi ernaigthe thairises ón airem rúnda (= oratio consistens consecrato numero), PH 8026. in tíí tairises . . . o dib n-aicen- taib .i. hon doenacht ┐ o diadacht, 6782 ; cf. 7091 . co tarsidar o .x. tetaib (the harp) consists of ten strings, Hib. Min. 1.20 , cf. 2.25 . is on deda-sa immefolangar cach dune findbathach (= de his duobus beatus homo efficitur), 13.432 . Analogous: o thochaiter . . . in bliadain uile o chóic lathib sescait [leg. -at] ar tri cetaib (= per trecentos . . . dies annus ducitur), PH 4934.

V Instrument :

(a) in strict sense: a n-asberthar ho giun what is uttered by mouth, Wb. 5d14 . ni labrátar uili ó ilbélrib all do not speak with many tongues, 12b22 . in sians ondid accobor limsa ícc cáich by which I wish to save every one, 12d23 , cf. 5c16 . arnaib gnimaib són dungniat som honaib ballaib hisin which they do with those members, Ml. 56b3 . combad ó lémum [léimim] dochúatár . . . tairse by leaping, FB 88. timchillid in coimdiu in cuthi o níul, PH 1223. in tíí rot-biath sib o maind nemda, 2825 . comba soleir duit o shuilib corpardha he, ZCP iv 384.10 . do chomarthaigh ó comhartha na croiche . . . é féin, BNnÉ 275 § 257. ros-eitseat o eirreadaibh dereoilibh clad themselves in wretched garments, CCath. 1073. ro ghabus oca cendsugud o briathraib áilghinaib, Ériu v 148.36 . la- brastar o bérlu aiṅglecdha, Ériu ii 100 § 7.

(b) after vbs. of filling, satisfying and kindred adjs.: in tí nach sástar o brethir Dé, PH 8381. ro línais mo meis o cech maith, 1359 . lan o rath in spiruta noim, 2258 . saithech o began satisfied with little, Ériu v 128.1 . coimlinta o dhaoinibh, Fl. Earls 258.2 .

(c) in adverbial expressions denoting way, manner, atten- dant circumstances: o nach mud etir (gl. omni modo ), Sg. 25b11 . o tri modaib ordaigther in sollamainsea, PH 3600. o béss saegulla in secular fashion, Trip. 80.24 . munat ón chéill-si adeirthear in this sense, IGT Introd. § 28. gan shunnradh . . . ó shunnradh in an indefinite sense . . . in a definite one, § 73. as leó o cert an tsealb theirs by right, Leb. Gab.(i) i 254 n. 1 . go bhfuil agam ó dhligheadh . . . léim thar uimhir éigcinnte that I have a right to skip, Content. vi 86 . Rendering a Latin ablative: atbēla ō bhās, ITS xxxiv 58 § 29 (morte morieris, Gen. ii 17 ). na ro aiplium o thircur, ITS xxxiv 66 § 31 (ne forte moriamur, Gen. iii 3 ).

VI Agent (an extension of II):

(a) with passive vb.: cf. Enchir. Aug. 75a ( ZCP vii 482 ): quaestio . . . mihi (.i. dativus .i. óim) enodanda. amal non-nertar-ni ho dia, Wb. 14b13 . intí on gontar nech by whom some one is slain, Ériu iii 140.182 . tinólfaider uanni a muster will be made by us, CRR 22 (p. 32.6) . coro gabad o Iúdaidib ┐ coro crochad o míledu, PH 2363. cethri cinid . . . ó ngabtha rigi in domain, Ériu iv 174.5 . forfemdeass o neoch . . . techt 'na adhuicch none was able to oppose him, RC xiii 8.7 . ro forcóngradh ó Ṡenchan for filedaibh Erenn, ACL iii 4.21 .

Similarly with part. and participial adj.: adib scripthi-si ón spirut ye are written by the Spirit, Wb. 15a12 . ba hada- mraigthi . . . he ona hapstalu admired by, PH 685. Cf. also: peacadh Mhuire . . . ro ba ghlan uile ón Fhíréan, A. Ó Dálaigh li 10 (= ro ba ghlanta). mar tá tú uainne `the state I have brought Thee to', Dán Dé xviii 11.

(b) after verbal and kindred nouns (a later use than that of DO, the prep. commonly employed in Mid.Ir.): adrad in Maic óna trí druídib, Ériu ii 198.20 . arna rád ó tri húgdaraib, BColm. 2.11 . bás Anmchadha . . . ó Mhathghamhna, Ériu i 102.4 . trí conganta na nguthaidhe ó chonnsuinibh three cases in which vowels are reinforced by consonants, IGT Introd. § 18. gním an cét laí on dúilem, RC xxiv 372.10 . ata i cúibrech o ainglib Dé is held in chains by, PH 2038. a dhochar ón drochshaoghal `his sufferings from the cruel world', Dán Dé iv 12 .

VII In partitive sense, generally after an indef. or demonstr. pron. or numeral; in early Ir. only before pronouns, DE being used before subst. la nech huáin any one of us, Wb. 6b20 . cách uáib, 25a34 . rann uáibsi, 14c15 . is aen uaib nom- braithfi-sea, PH 2372. dias uaib two of you, Ériu i 118 § 10. cechtar bhuaind both of us, ZCP xiii 232.15 . antí bus coscrach uaib whichever of you conquers, TTebe 4392 . gibé uaibh lén háil coinntinn, Content. xxviii 59. tuarustal . . . da gach en- brucchaid uathaibh, ZCP viii 116 § 15. cethrar o marcachaib, Anecd. i 10.5 .

VIII Used with a noun to limit or define the application of a preceding adj. or noun:

(a) in respect of, with regard to , gen. after adj.: basa iudide ó écosc . . . nipsa iudide ó béssaib a Jew in appearance . . . a Jew in customs, Wb. 10d34 , 35 . marb hó thoil cholno dead as to the desire of the flesh, 19a17 . it hǽ ata dirgi ho chridiu upright in heart, Ml. 56a20 . cennais o menmain ┐ o fordreich, PH 1974. ba genmnaid o curp he, RC xii 334 z . do bhí . . . láidir ó bhríoghaibh, ITS xvi 2.20 . ro ócc o aeis too young in years, BCC § 63. gerb fada C.C. uatha ó corp . . . do bi sé faríu ó spiraid far from them in body . . . with them in spirit, § 274. cách fria chárus ó [oa, v.l.] thaig | inna árus ard-oenaig `each in due order by rank', Metr. Dinds. iv 150 y (`the house he lived in marked his social standing,' note). Cf. iii 368.41 : Medb ropo thúalnge ó [oa, v.l.] thaig = who was competent by virtue of her rank, descent? Similarly after a vb. or vn.: nech immaruimdethar o banscáil `who transgresses in respect of a woman', Ériu vii 140.1 . ar comaitecht do neuch o pecad `for accompanying someone in a sin', Mon. Tall. § 41. serc De o huilib nerttaib, o chridhi, o gnim, ACL iii 312 § 1. In the follg. exx. the primary sense is locative: don leith ó tír on the land side, CCath. 1740. do leth ón muir, from the sea side, 1909 .

(b) about, concerning : don badbscel ro innis o chelib the tragic tale he told of his companions, FB 70. nídat fíra na scéla sin on fhir út, PH 2668. ná rab tathmet o Blathmac that there should be no memory of B., BColm. 20.10 . nirb ail léo labairt o maith to speak of good, Aisl. Tond. 114 § 2. gan (ó bheith aige) . . . gan (ó bheith na égmhais) `gan' [= O.Ir. ocon] of what one has . . . `gan' [= O.Ir. cen] of what one is without, IGT Introd. § 67.

IX Used of distance (in time, space or order), to denote the initial point of measurement.

(a) of time: ó thossuch from the beginning, Wb. 7b11 . huand uair nundabertatar filistindi from the time the Philistines carried it off, Ml. 82d9 . ón challaind co alaili, Fél. Prol. 325. ón chind bliadna ca chéile from one end of the year to the other, CRR 11. ó luan taite ṡamna co taite n-imbuilc, TBC-LL¹ 2900. in cóicatmad laa o dómnach na hesergi, PH 5414. o Adam co tanic Christ, 3665 . niconfacae óa gein gusan aidchi sin, Mon. Tall. § 67. ni ro gab nech aili rigi nErenn o Niall ille from (the time of) N. on, RC xxiv 202.11 . So in a number of stereotyped expressions: ó chéin long ago, ó chianaib, ó sin (ṡin) amach (anall, ille) from that time forth, ón tráth-sa.

Rarely used to express duration of time: ataat alai[li] feid- ligte ho aimsir who endure awhile, Ml. 21d4 (= ad tempus aliquos manere). ex parte .i. o aimsir bicc . . . .i. tempore tantum , Wb. 5c2 . not-cloifither anosa ┐ scērthar frit do cumachtu . . . o chéin `for long', PH 3890 (elsewhere in PH ó chéin = long ago; a mistake for co cian?). Of point of time: olaili laithiu (= in die quadam), Lat. Lives 16.13 . olailiu domnuch, 17.10 (= olaili laithi, Trip. 124.16 ; olaili domnach, ib. 7 ).

(b) space: noí n-imdada ó thenid co fraigid, FB 2 ( LU 8051 ). ó ó go erboll, TBC-LL¹ 6159. is cían uait airm in-das-fil, 884 . téora fuithairbi on tig, FB 20. mile ceimenn seachtair o ballaigip na Romha, Fl. Earls 194.16 . atá flaith adamra fri gnúis do gnúis dóib úathib sáerdes south-east of them (lit. from them south-eastwards), FA 5. is fada daine ┐ cathracha buain [= uain], ZCP vi 293.10 . In later Mid.Ir. ó is replaced to a great extent by óthá, q.v.

(b 2) 3 sg. m./n. as adv. since, hence : teora bliadna ūadh, ZCP v 501.w . truagh mo chur i gcolainn ’s gan dul uadh go hinnill 'sad is my incarnation unless I go hence safely' Ir. Syll. Poetry 35 § 11 , Celtica iii 336 n. 4 .

(c) of series of other kinds: ro hinnisidh a scélu o thus co derith, IT i 128.10 . cech olc dogné nech o bic co mor, PH 6432 . réalt is mo shoillsigheas . . . on ghealaigh amach (i.e. next to the moon), Corp. Astron. 80.27 . idir dhéirc . . . urnuighthe aifreann is gach deighghníomh oile ó shoin amach all other good works besides, Keat. iii 3040.

(d) with reflex. pron. after vbs. of seeing, viewing, at (an indefinite) distance from oneself: adchonnairc uadha an dabach he saw before him, Ériu iii 156 x . docunncadur longa uadha furan muir, ZCP vi 294.15 . tiagam . . . do deiscin uainn for fertais Locha E., TBC-LL¹ 602. o thuc aichne air uada when he had recognized him some way off, TTebe 3299 . ba ler disi tochim na sluag uaithi she could clearly see the hosts advancing, 2649 . dochonnarc uaim . . . maighdean, Keat. Poems 410. Similarly after a noun: tecoscis in gilla dó Ulaid ar cach leth úad pointed out (the places in) Ulster on every side, TBC-LL¹ 1212. na maic sin a hÉrnaib úan from the distant Erainn, Metr. Dinds. iii 70.57 . dochonncadar . . . ar chnocaibh uathaibh iad on hills in the distance, ML 62.10 . a léine as leascc leam húaim `his tunic I am loth to behold', KMMisc. 348.9 .

X After noun or vb. expressing want,

(a) of the person needing (an extension of I): nad rabi ní ba esbaid úad that he lacked nothing, FB 4. comtis failtigide [sic leg.] d'fagbail [sic leg.] stelli a hesbaid uathib that they might rejoice the more to find the star because it had disappeared from them, PH 7013. nach tessta do treigib rigachta uadha that he lacked no royal characteristics, RC x 182.4 . In late lang. common after subst. vb.: atá ní uaim I am without; I want : ná bí uaim acht agam `be mine, keep not aloof', A. Ó Dálaigh l 17. biaidh uainne go bráth ag Íor tús ar gcreach we have forfeited for ever to I. the leadership of our raids, Content. xxviii 31. isin laithe . . . in badh móo ro baoi úaidhibh for chalma do dhenomh when they had most need to show valour, Hugh Roe 316.19 (f. 82b) . an ni a bhios uaidhe d'faghail, Luc. Fid. 200.6 . Cf. cia hé an duine . . . do rachadh gan ádhbhar mor uaidh air gusan áit a mbiadh pláigh? without strong reason for it, Mac Aingil 211.8 .

In follg. exx. the prep. is equivalent to the dat. incommodi: duine . . . óna bhfuair moran da cairdib . . . bās many of whose friends had died, BCC § 109. in airdríghan ro bo marbh uadha féin whom he had lost by death, CCath. 1454. gur leor uireas- bhadh Thuaithe R. .i. O Flannagáin do mharbhadh uatha the loss sustained by the T.R. through the fall of O'F., Maguires of F. § 17.

(b) rarely of the thing needed; this construction seems con- fined to the vb. adilcnigidir and may be an imitation of the Lat. constr. of egere, indigere with abl. ata coicthi ón aidilcnig- thir ecna ┐ latar na psalmb five things which the knowledge . . . of the psalms requires, Hib. Min. 8.245 . ni aidilcniget o nach airchisecht, Alex. 851 , cf. 849 . co ro aidilgniged Ísu o fortacht aingel (= indigebat adiutorio angelorum), PH 4841 , cf. 6256 .

sechmadachte

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sechmadachte or dil.ie/36765

adj io, iā ? part. of *sechmo-tiag- ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 645 and GOI § 853 ) or of sechmo-di-n-g-.

(a) as adj. past, preterital, belonging to past time : amal durigni inna gnímu sechmadachtai, Ml. 50d10 . tre aisndéis sechmodachtai .i. Populus qui sedebat . . ., Trip.² 21 (sechtmodachtai, sechmodatai MSS.). beatus a randgabail sechmadachta `b. is its past participle', Hib. Min. 13.444 .

(b) as subst. io, n. the past; the preterite tense : inna degmaini rongeni dia isint sechmadachtu arin popul `in the past', Ml. 27a6 . todochide ar sechmadachtae n-anfoirbthe `future for imperfect', 62a16 . airli sechmadachti foirbthi `the treatment (?) of the perfect preterite', Sg. 168a1 . frisa sechmodachte, 158a3 . confil linni hisind óin ṡechmadachtu a file leosum i ndib sechmadachtib, 160b2 . is follus dún file choibnius etir s.¤ ┐ todochaide ex participiis, 151b7 . guth sechmadachti ┐ todochaidi immurgu `a word of the preterite and yet of the future', 147b7 . iss ed dogní frecṅdairc de praesenti buith neich de chen forbae ar maní bé bith s.¤ `it will be a preterite', 147b3 . sechmadachta ṅ-ocus ┐ cian gl. quod tempus, . . . tam modo perfectam rem quam multo ante, (significare potest), Thes. ii 229.26 ( PCr. 62b1 ).

See sechmadach.

tecmaisech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tecmaisech or dil.ie/40308

adj o, ā (tecmais)

(a) accidental, fortuitous: innus nach curfadh sé a nadaigh áonnech teagmhasaidh da tteagmadh etturra co follus obonn =quod nihil ex parte sua de contingentibus omittatur, ZCP xviii 258.29 . ar na cásaibh teagmhaiseacha i n-a dteagmhann an sagart ria rádh an Aifrinn, Eochairsg. 122.2 . Brian ... do mharbhadh ... daon urchar soighde co tegmhaiseach, AFM iii 596.x . go teagmhaiseach =ab eventu modo , Keat. ii 5863.

(b) Of diseases contracted by contagion, contagious (as opp. to inherent, chronic): na galair tecmaisecha, H 3.18, 320 ( O'Curry 657 ). an galar bunaidh ┐ in galar tecmaiseach, H 3.18 642b ( O'Curry 1436 ) (in these two exx. of cattle). na heslainti tecmaisecha =morbi contagiosi, Irish Texts v 78.10 .

2 úar, úair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 úar, úair or dil.ie/42763
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: úair, úai, uá, húair, húair, hór, huare, uái, úara, húa, huaraib, uaire, uairib, uaire, óenúaire, óenúaire, úaire, úair, uair, uair, uair, uair, huaraib, indorsa, úair, ath-úair, húair, úair, húair, chētōir, uair, óenúair, n-óenúair, húair, óenúair, noenuair, oenuair, d[i]úair, uairib, d[i]uairib, uairib, úaraib, úar, úair, óir, úaire, óre, hóre, húa(i)re, huair

n (earlier ór) ā, f. (<Lat. hora) úair ab hora , Corm. Y 1281 . úai, IGT, Decl. § 14 . O.Ir. forms: n s. uá, Sg. 45b1 . n du. di húair , BCr. 31b2 . a du. di húair deac, 33b9 . g s. hór, Wb. 16b5 . huare, BCr. 25c1 . d s. uái, Wb. 16b5 . 25b16 . Ml. 82d9 . a p. úara, SR 226 , 7243 . g p. húa, Ml. 111a7 . d p. huaraib, Sg. 215a4 . Mid. Ir. n p. uaire, ITS xiv 76.11 ; 140y . d p. uairib, ITS xiv 138.8 ; 17 .

I

(a) an hour, the twenty-fourth part of day: cid do úair .i. cuit hóre `though it be for a season, that is, merely an hour' (gl. etsi ad horam), Wb. 16b5 . isna cumscaigthiu .i. húar du fodail són (gl. horarum momenta), Ml. 111a7 . teora cethramdin huare aequinocht indid mailliu a tuile ar cach óenlaithiu `three-quarters of an equinoctial hour,' BCr. 25c1 . arit di húair in signo, 31b2 . ni roig di húair deac, 33b9 . tricha lathi ... la dech n-úara ┐ lethuar, SR 226 . fri re n-uare, 2079 . boi occu fri re n-uari he, PH 808 . ro fhill G. gluine iarum fri re n-uaire, 1256 . fāsaidh an lā co sē hūairib dēg, ITS xiv 140.7 . is é is uair ann .i. cuid do na ceithre codchaibh fichead bhíos san lá nádúrtha, Corp. Astron. 14 § 9 . is é an lá nádúrtha spás ceithre n-uaire fichead thosuigheas ó éirghe don ghréin go h-éirghe dhí an ath-uair, 12 § 8 . fóiridh an clár so chum feasa na huaire i n-éirgheann an ghrian ┐ i luigheann sí, 20y . ranntar an aimsir ... i n-uairibh, 6.2 . an uair do chlog `the hour of the clock,' 38.2 . an uair do ló, 42 § 3 . an uair do oidhche, 38 § 2 . cá hu.¤ do ló no dh'oidhchi díscaeilter in doman, RC xxiv 382 § 21 . fios na n-uaire, Corp. Astron. 44 , 23 . go maireann ... mí i n-aghaidh na huaire `lasts a month for every hour' 158.4 . i gcás nach dtiocfadh chum uaire iomlán, 148.20 . Attrib. gen.: clog uaire `a time-piece,' Corp. Astron. 42 § 3 .

A canonical hour : nachar léices trátha ná huaire riam ann a chéile ón ló ro gabas grada form `never have I suffered the canonical hours to run (unobserved) the one into the other' SG 41.12 .

With qual. adj.: ú.¤ chanónta a canonical hour : ag so an modh adeir an Eaglais na huaire canónta, Corp. Astron. 14 § 9 . ú.¤ riachtanasach a necessary occasion 184 § 7 . ú.¤ ṡaothramail an hour of the working day (cf. Mid. Ir. lá saerda): do-ghní Eoin san 11 c. iomrádh ar na huairibh saotharamhla so, nuair adubhairt `erat quasi hora sexta' (Jo. xix 14 ), Corp. Astron. 14 § 9 . ú.¤ thoileamhail an optional occasion 184 § 7 . ú.¤ chorradh an hour over 148 § 14 .

(b) a time or occasion; point of time: robbí uár recar less dígbail ind ḟolaid `there may be a time when it is necessary to diminish the substance,' Sg. 45b1 . cid do úair `though it be for a season,' Wb. 16b5 . fó hūair congaib Macc caille | caille ōs chinn sanctBrigte, `in a lucky hour', Thes. ii 329.2 . fós húar mad mé foglésed, Ériu ii 63 § 1 . ro-chomfhoicsigestar in uair, PH 3070 . do dhruid a núair rinn, Matt xxvi 45 . cuimnig in uair na raibe árach agut fén ort, PH 7391 . do-chonnarc uair, nár bh'uathadh dhíbh-se, Keat. Poems 1475 . olc sén uare `evil was the luck of the hour,' PRIA xxx C ix 267 ( LL 275b16 ); see 1 sén. biaidh uair ... | 's budh onáir libh uaigh d'fhagháil `the time will come when,' Dán Dé vii 31 . ro boí úar damsa di sudiu my time for that is over , BDD 162 . mōr n-uair often Rosa Angl. 26.13 . gach linmairecht d'uairip aderthor aiffrenn as often as Fl. Earls 210.19 . With 1 gar (q.v.): bid gar úar ani sin that will not last long LU 3344 ( SCC 13 ). bid gar uar dosom ón `short will his time be' BDD 144 .

A point of time, occasion, in various phrases, the fit, proper time (for doing something): bídh u.¤ ag an impidhe, `there is always some best moment for a request' PBocht 14.38 . dénam áenta ... do ba ú.¤ máelta dar múid, IGT, Decl. ex. 679 . uch, do bud u.¤ a denma | gen cor smuain guth Gaillberla, Irish Texts ii 14.27 . ní hú.¤ dénmha dethbire | do sdúaigh É. in t-athbhuile, IGT, Decl. ex. 3 . ní hú.¤ mheisnighe, ex. 571 . nach ú.¤ aithrighthi aignidh, ex. 898 . Cf. mé ag anmhain ré huair, PBocht 5.49 . With do of pers.: do bhréagnaghadh ní hu.¤ d'ḟior, Ir. Monthly 1919, 284.8 ( DDána p. 229 ).

With defining gen. of occurrence, etc.: ra síacht Fer D. u.¤ baeguil ... far CoinC., TBC-LL¹ 3829 . co hu.¤ m'éca, PH 3821 . ú.¤ éitsechta indí nóebP., Trip.² 3081 . ro foillsiccedh do B. u.¤ eitsechta an crossain, BNnÉ 53 § 50 . in hú.¤ [ḟ]escuir, Trip.² 1420 . co hú.¤ fessa `till the hour for sleep,' Metr. Dinds. iv 2.3 . gi bé adearair u.¤ óla, TD 10.17 .

óenúaire is used in the sense of

adj (a) passing, momentary, transitory : aisling énuaire a passing dream , Mac Aingil 230 . Esp. in: fer, duine (pl. lucht) óenúaire a passing guest, sojourner, accidental visitor : súil ré fear éanuaire d'ḟaigsin | sreabh féaruaine taisgidh tú `a passing guest' TD 29.25 . taisgthear ... mar ní iongnadh | re haghaidh ḟir éanuaire 16.25 . cia san ghurt ... | nách lucht aonuaire d'Éirinn `visitors' 17.18 . do chuir daoine chugam féin go minic pecadh do cheiliodar ara sagartuibh porráisti, do bhrígh go rabhas um dhuine enuaire, ┐ nách roibhi súil aca mh'faicsin go bráth arís, Mac Aingil 246 . ní buidheach fear aonuaire | a nGort Innse G. riamh, Tribes of Irel. 40.7 .

adv (b) at once, sudden : oenmac mná ... | ba marb do bidc oenúaire ( 4 Reg. iv 20 ) SR 7170 . an tan tainig saighead ghealáin do nimh chuige go bhfuair bás obann, aonuaire dhe, Hy Fiach. 20.15 . atreset ... a bás la brafad n-oenúaire, LU 2519 . tinaid ┐ erchranaid fri prapud n-oenuaire (ad instar puncti) PH 6062 .

ed úaire

n (a) an hour's duration : feadh éanuaire an lásoin linn `as one hour in length did that day seem to us' TD 11.23

.

adv (b) more loosely, for a time, transitorily : in cu tic chucum fri head nuaire `on a passing visit' SG 57.2 . ní mhair maoin acht eadh uaire; | buaine a sheal daoibh ar ndáinne, L. Cl. A. B. 215.15.

Somet. úair is used to intensify a neg.: óclach d'E. ... cen ú.¤ n-omain, Metr. Dinds. iv 108.18 . trí maic ... Echach cen ú.¤ formait, 108.15 . ni thánic ú.¤ n-ómain no ecla dó riam, LL 20a24 . níor ghnáth leatsa ... imneadh aonuaire ar th'aigneadh, Ir. Monthly 1920, 541.19 ( DDána p. 208 ).

With various prepp.: is indí rombú foraithmitech side a taircitil beus cosin nuair rondchomallastar `till the time that He had fulfilled it,' Ml. 122d7 . cosin n-uair atbath Iosiaph, SR 3692 . cosin n-úair no ḟoad la C., IT i 71.10 . huand uair nundabertatar filistíndi (MS filistindai), ɔtanaic á frithissi, Ml. 82d9 . huand uair thall Noe a cheill de, SR 2557 . ond uair atbath Noe nar, 2681 . ond uáir thanic a amser, 4972 . ónd úair iarom oslaices hÉli in lebor, FA 33 . ond úair ro scáich dóib fíadach in t-slébe, IT i 74.1 . o'n uair tanic P. ... is-in cathraig, PH 1962 . o'nd uair ro-bam nóide, ar Iob, bam trócar ... fri bochtaib, 6105 . ón uair do gabus arm ar thús am láim, Comp. CC 95.23 . ón uair fár hiarradh thusa, TD 33.18 cf. 3.48 .

II Adverbial uses,

(a) without prep.; úair once, sometime in the past, formerly : ro bá u.¤ co haillemail `once I was joyful,' RC vi 186.8 (of poem). sometime, at sometime (fut.) : Oilech uasal fordergfa | u.¤ for Emain echtraife, LL 386b36 . occasionally, at times: ┐ ú.¤ ann aibidhit na ranna neimhe sin tortha, RC xxiv 379.1 .

uair ... uair now ... now; at one time ... at another time; sometimes, cf. Lat. modo ... modo: tobur Iacóp athriges dath ... u.¤ derg, u.¤ glas, u.¤ búaiderta ┐ u.¤ ele tiugh, Maund. 103 . da beidis na plaineid u.¤ budh luaithi u.¤ budh maille iat na ceili ┐ u.¤ ele na comnaighi, IT xiv 8.3 . da beidis tortha ... u.¤ and ar techt ┐ u.¤ ele gan enraed da techt dibh, 8.7 .

uair éicin sometime, once on a time (see éicin): ní mór dhíobh ... nách oide ... nó comhalta u.¤ éigin `sometime,' TD 2.20 . bheith fá chádhas ... mar do bhádhas u.¤ éigin, L. Cl. A. B., 69.108 . a fhios do thabhairt dó nach do réir oghuim do shíor chuirthear comhardadh, gé chuirthear ú.¤ éigin é, IGT, Introd. § 3 .

uair aile on another occasion, once : grian m'inntleachta ú.¤ oile `once' (metaph. of a friend), Studies 1918, 452 . Dia u.¤ oile | do chuaidh ó Mhoire ar mearughadh, PBocht 6.25 . mairg duit nar ḟéach u.¤ eile | ... sul gcuirtheá i gcás do chuntas, A. Ó Dálaigh xl 5 . fíor gur threabhsad u.¤ oile | ... na críocha soin, Content. xviii 60 . Cf. TD. 2.22 .

uair a time, any time, occasion; used after neg. with an intensive force : ní rabhadar riamh roimhe ... u.¤ budh neartmhoire iná anois, TD 26.28 . táinic L. roime do gabáil na hechraide ┐ nochan dechaidhsin riam u.¤ ba leisci leis dul dá ngabáil ná sin, Comp. CC 92.5 .

d p. huaraib=horis, interdum, sometimes : ní biat remsuidigthi friu huaraib, `sometimes there are no prepositions with them,' Sg. 215a5 . biit remsuidigthi huaraib cen briathra leo, ib. 6 . gnáth huaraib ar gressaib gal | glenaid luch inna línsam, Thes. ii 293.20 (Thurneysen reads this as a compd.: gnáth-uaraib, ZCP xi 308 ).

With cach, cech: cach uair is smacht whenever it is a case of `smacht' O'D. 1614 ( H 5.15, 13 ). gach úair da dtéighinn 'na theach, every time, whenever , L. Cl. A. B. 187.9 . gach u.¤ ro smuainedh si for na dubhailcibh, Études Celt. i 85.18 . gach u.¤ mhothócham guasacht, Ó Héodhusa 81y . gach u.¤ is féidir, Corp. Astron. 192 § 10 . gach u.¤ eile `at all other times,' TD 1.27 .

Cf. guidem frisin morchoimdid | in cech huair ar comráda ar soerad, SR 8310 . in cech huair formbia far ndail, 3511 .

In g s.: co mbered molt cech uare uadi do chairchaib mná D. `every time,' Thes. ii 336.43 . is sain dath ┐ écosc cacha húari tadbat fair, BDD 99 . is suairc immar glecait-siumh | tuile is aithbe co n-uaire, | imaseach do eccmaitt-siumh | sis is inís cech n-uaire, Anecd. ii 23 § 3 (of poem 3) . go dtí dhíot ar n-aithnighe | gach n-uaire d'éis ar dtuitme, Studies 1931, 437.14 . nó aní an ferg do-gríos a grúaidhe | no in derg bhíos gach n-úaire é ?, KMMisc. 172 § 21 .

Cf. armád cacha huaire dib bad marb ina maighin, Thr. Ir. Gl. 43 s.v. tamhlachta= cach ar ūair, Corm. Y 1233 . cach ar núair, LL 179b14 .

In phr. cach re, gach re (O.Ir. cech la) nuair alternately : gach ré núair, re sealuidheacht `by courses,' Kirk ( Eg. Gl. 363 ). cach rá n-úair trágid in pían díb, in n-úair aile tic thairsiu, LU 2166 ( FA 24 ). gach re n-úair ar clíathaibh cáoirt[h]inn | tíachair do bhúain t'aínp[h]ill orm, IGT, Decl. ex. 407 .

With art. and demons. so, etc., sin equival. to adv. of time: indorsa ` now ,' Wb. 12c35 , 14d28 . cia an uairsi éisdeas re ar gcor? | léirsgrios na huaisle an t-adhbhor, L. Cl. A. B. 121.31 . gearr uaimsi ar saoghal mur soin; | baoghal an uairsi ar n-anmoin, 134.36 . malairt tar an uairsin ann | ag uaislibh raghuirt F., 170.131 . an uairsin is é tarla | fan gcuing ríogh gan ḟreasabhra, TD 8.3 .

in úair chóir in due time: smuain ar aithmhéala an u.¤ chóir, A. Ó Dálaigh xlii 6 .

in ath-úair again : tar éis teachta dí an ath-uair (sc. the moon), Corp. Astron. 10 § 6 . 'gá chrochadh innte an athuair, `thereafter,' Dán Dé xx 22 .

cía (cá) húair when ? (adv. interrog.): gá hu.¤ ṡaoile do ṡaoradh ?, TD 1. 28 . mar nach feas do stiúrthóir na luinge ... cá hu.¤ nó cá tráth theilgthear ... ar tráigh í, TSh. 734 . uch ! mo nuar ! cá hu.¤ do-chífead | 'san riocht chéadna an glé-bhrugh ... ?, Keat. Poems 1561 . má fhiafraighionn tú ca hu.¤ do gheibhdis an caileach ..., Rule of Tallaght § 5 .

gibé úair whenever : gibé ú.¤ aigeórthur air, L. Cl. A. B. 159.173 . gidh bé uáir fhásaid síad te, tiaghuid as, Job vi 17 .

once, twice , etc.: fa gnath aca cet[h]ar-leabhar an tshoisgeil do leughadh ... uair san mbliadhain, Rule of Tallaght 89b . u.¤ nó dhó, TD 40.23 . u.¤ nó dhó sa sechtmain once or twice a week , O'Gr. Cat. 271 x . fuasgluim é dhá u.¤ nó 'trí, TD 22.11 . an duine ba ghile ... trí huaire `the fairest thrice over,' O'Rah. iv 27 . deich núaire, Gen. xxxi 7 . morán duairibh ... tri huaire, ITS xvi 24 § 18 =tribus uicibus. naoi n-uaire, CF 376 Eg.

With the ordinals: nó an tú do mheall meise féin | an chéaduair, a chruth soiléir `before' TD 40.18 . connradh na gColla an chéaduair `the ancient contract of the Collas,' 24.41 . a cheud uair, ni briathra De iad ... in the first place , Luc. Fid. 350.11 (see also under (b) below). an dara (O.Ir. indala) huair again , Ir. Monthly 1921, 373 § 9 . Cf. Dán Dé xx 40 . do imthigh sé an dara húair, Matthew xxvi 42 . In the phr. in dara (O.Ir. indala) huair ... ind uair aile at one time ... at another : Ri dosrat ... | in dara hu.¤ ¤, blaith iar mblai, | ind u.¤ aile ainbthechae, SR 95 - 6 (sc. the winds). Rí rorádi co dána | fri Moíse taidbsiu a lama, | i[n] dara hu.¤ ¤ dí ba clam, | ind u.¤ aile ba gléglan, 3819 - 20 . an treas u.¤ `a third time,' TD 40.23 .

a (h)úair literally suā horā, vicissim=in turn : cech fochaid a hú.¤ `each tribulation in turn,' Ml. 39c31 . conna facaib cech rainn á hu.¤ cen mes, 114b16 . for cech lín a hú.¤ , 115a14 . cáich a uuair `every man's in turn,' Thes. ii 235.16 . is caich a hu.¤ an aros so, ZCP viii 312.3 . ō'trīmed cach cōicer a ū.¤ , Corm. Y 1084 . intan adrímed F. hua B. cech coiciur a hu.¤ de sluag L. maic N., Corm. Bodl. p. 38 (rincne). di cech lín ronalt a hú.¤ , Hail Brigit § 15 . a Brigit 'sa tír atchīu, | is cách a ú.¤ immudrá (MS immudrí) `on which each one in turn has moved about,' § 25 . ní ar amlessaib in tslúaig | tíagu cech fordul a hú.¤ , LU 4721 . namberad iarum cách a hu.¤ dena maccleirchib dochum a tige leo, Ériu ii 222.24 . Cf. ar (h)u.¤ , ar n-u.¤ below.

For úa[i]re, óre when, since, because see under III below.

(b) with prep. : ar ú.¤ , (i)ar n-ú.¤ in turn: rodastroeth cech n-olc ar huair, SR 6553 . in rath deis cach rīg ar huair, Rawl. 122b53 (= dar éis chaich iar nu.¤ , LL 314b29 , Bruchst. § 132 ). iar cach n-áraim díb ar uair, SR 6825 . cāch ar ūair dīb, Corm. Y 1233 . im brāigid cach fir ar u.¤ dib, Ériu i 120 § 13 . as cech thír ar u.¤ , viii 70.94 . nombered iarum cách ar uair dina maccleirchib dochum a tigid leo, Mon. Tall. 155.6 . do bretha cách ar úair chuci, LU 10451 . is bith cáich ar úair immáredi siu, 9305 . is bith caich ar uair an bith so `this world is the world of everyone in turn,' AFM v 1804.2 . Cf. étarbae n-inderb n-indless etir cach ar uair, ar cach die in bithsa, ZCP xi 85 § 37 . no leicedh cech mell ar uair dibh uada, RC v 204 § 27 . luidhis ... gach leath ar u.¤ , Anecd. i 55 § 42 . dath fola cach ḟir ar úair, Metr. Dinds. iii 328.51 . a cend fo choim caich ar u.¤ , LL 273a20 . ac airim cach coicir ar n-ūair, Corm. Y 1084 . millfider ar n-aonta ar n-ūair, ZCP vii 302 § 3 . slemoin fri garǔ caich ar n-úair, 268 § 2 . iul ar Albain do fuairsem | ar nuair a hardaib Eirenn, O'Gr. Cat. 370.16 . do-chuaidh uile d'éug ar n-úair, KMMisc. 362 § 4 . Cf. 274 § 67 . ar nuair, LB 128a31 . 131b36 . ZCP x 415.17 . IGT, Decl. ex. 124 . TD 13.26 . Ir. Monthly 1928, 264.11 . Content. xxviii § 16 , § 19 , 47 . Dán Dé vii 2 .

iar n-ú.¤ later on : níor smuain réalta ṡluaigh ṡligigh | budh déanta iar n-uair d'ḟaoisidin `afterwards', TD 17.60 . bíaidh íar n-uair, ... | rí dhíbh féine ar chloinn na gColla `in due course,' SGS iv 142.19 . go smuainim iar n-uair Muire ar tonnaibh an taobhochta, Studies 1932, 433.5 . Cf. O'Gr. Cat. 370 , cited above.

ar u.¤ at a (the) time (hour) of: Art mac Aodha ar uair áigh | ba leis críoch Uladh d'urláimh, L. Cl. A. B. 37.11 . is ar uair mishein ro tusmedh thú `in an unblessed hour,' Études Celt. i 79.28 . air uair a bháis, Donlevy 38 . dá neamh-chaomhna ar uair éigin, Ir. Monthly 1921, 329.26 ( DDána p. 304 ). Cf. i n-uair, below.

Co húair : loc damsa ón ... co hu.¤ chéin, ZCP viii 312.1 .

In fo chētōir `sub primā horā,' statim: fo chetóir ` at once ,' Ml. 76a11 ; 93c10 ; 106c12 . fochetoir, 31d10 ; 32a10 ; 32d6 ; 42c24 ; 53a8 ; 96c10 ; 97d17 . fuchetoir, 90d12 ; 107c8 . focetoir, 24b17 . a fhaisitiu amal doragbaither focetoir, Rule of Tallaght § 16 . ni fochetóir (MS nipo hetóir), Wb. 4c35 . Cf. i gcéadóir: Saorghus mhac Béic ... | ríoghthar le cách i gcéadóir, ` forthwith ' TD 32.40 . beir mo bheannacht agceudóir (: Móir) | go ceann toighe na T., L. Cl. A. B. 124.2 . díobh i gcéadóir cion na drúise, Dán Dé xxxi 34 .

i n-uair at a time, on an occasion : i n-u.¤ annuimh, Studies 1928, 451.13 . is fearr ... í iná i n-u.¤ eile `than at any other time,' Corp. Astron. 52 § 9 . in gach u.¤ bhus aonach `at all times when men assemble,' Ir. Monthly 1921, 289.11 ( DDána p. 326 ). With gen. often equivalent to a temporal clause at the time of, when : gabh a lé i n-u.¤ airce, L. Cl. A. B., 281.59 . mar réaltana i n-u.¤ oighridh `in time of frost,' TD 20.58 . i n-u.¤ altroim fhíoroinigh, L. Cl. A. B. 27z . i n-u.¤ a gcabhra i gcliathaibh, `when they are rallied in ranks of battle,' TD 10.6 . a n-ú.¤ dheaghla dhi `when she separates,' Studies 1918, 453.13 . i n-u.¤ éidtréine d'iomchar `in his hour of wretchedness,' TD 32.81 . mo dhíon i n-u.¤ mh'éigeantais, 15.40 . i n-u.¤ an fheicheamhnuis, L. Cl. A. B. 162.12 . i n-ú.¤ fhedhma, 261.95 . Ir. Monthly 1921, 329.23 ( DDána p. 304 ). i n-u.¤ leathranna an leinibh, TD 2.44 . i n-u.¤ obtha dh'ealadhuin, 31.10 . a n-ú.¤ ḟulachtaidh bfear bhFáil, IGT, Decl. ex. 1580 .

With def. article: san uair shólásda, L. Cl. A. B. 164.54 . a n-dorarṅgered o chéin | ... | ... | isindúairsi doroacht, at this time, now , SR 6364 .

isind óenúair , i n-óenúair at the same time, immediately : atcomlasom híc lasnahí dofuircifea bráth i mbethu et bebté et asséirset isind óinúair `in the same hour,' Wb. 25b16 . dorigni dé min is lúaith, | rochlaemchlai gne 'sind oenúair, SR 5412 . rodashicc isind oenhuair, 7636 . ro-híctha uli i n-oenuair ind-sin, PH 1594 . is e tra ro-hidpair míle edpairt do'n choimdid in-oen uair for altóir Dé, 3957 . ní gheibthea ór a rann uaid | acht an anam i naonuair `upon the very instant,' O'Gr. Cat. 578.31 . nocha i n-énuair amlaid sain | do chuir Dia i ndiaid in phecaid | imad cráidh ..., 467.13 . tabhruidh ní dhamhsa ar mo dhúain | a rí ┐ almsa a n-énúair, IGT, Decl. ex. 117 , Studies 1924, 570 . na trí tonna san taoibh thúaidh | guilid fa Art i n-eunúair, L. Cl. A. B. 263.154 . With cech: in met fordiṅgtis int sluaig | forbartais in cach oenhuair, SR 3680 .

frí húair at the hour (time) of: Ri dorat na deich plaga | forthu fri hu.¤ combaga, SR 3942 . fri hu.¤ mbáge, 5115 . cia leith focheird a chainchuaird, | tan nadbi fri huáir i fos | frithalmi in tsluaig i Pardos ?, 1199 . sacrafic do tabirt dond aos bís i llobrae fri huar mhbáis, Mon. Tall. § 56 . fri huair fergi, FDG 701 .

fri óenúair at the same time . cf. i noenuair , supra: rosdelb fri oenuair dia réir, SR 7864 . co tarmart tairbert int slúaig | fo thuinn talman fri oenhúair, 4124 . dia rohort ... fri óenhuair ... noi fichit mili ..., 7234 . ri rosaer ... na Ninuiandai fri oenhuair, 7386 . Cf. re héan-uair, Dán Dé xxxi 11 .

for oenuair at the same time : Ri dorimmart, ..., | i n-airc Noe f[o]r oenhuáir, | di neoch rothecht muir istir, | lanamain cach (leg. cacha) oenmil, SR 2502 .

d[i]úair sometimes : agus duair (v.l. uair) ann ceangailter na huisceadha millsi, ITS xiv 42.26 .

ar uairib at times : Rule of Tallaght § 7 ; § 15 . sliocht Ír bhós do bhídís sin | ós cionn Éireann ar uairibh, Content. xxx 9 . olc chuimhnighid ... a ró dísle ag díon gach ḟir do ṡíol an I. ar uairibh, ib. 2 . eidir ṡaorchlannaibh ṡíol Néill | do bhínn ar uairibh ainnséin `alternately,' TD 28.21 . ag roinn aoinleptha ar uairibh, L. Cl. A. B. 157.112 . ar úairip áirighthe `on particular occasions,' Fl. Earls 182.17 . sealuidheacht flaithis, eadhon, gach re mbliadha[i]n ag gach aon díobh ar uainibh (v.l. uairibh), Keat. i 222 .

d[i]uairib sometimes, at times : an uair thuiles an sruth sin doní mórán uilc dúairib ann, Maund. 188 .

i n-uairib aliquando, at times : ailiquando (.i. i nuairibh), IT iii 9 n. 6 . ni hi nuairib sercc De aice acht dogres `her love for God was not at times but always,' Thes. ii 332.23 (gl. on ūarach).

iar n-úaraib at times: ni bu iar núaraib nobíd ┐ tan œle nadbid serc Dé occi, Thes. ii 332.21 .

For: ónd ú.¤ , see above, I (b), end.

III úar, úair, óir; also úaire, óre (g s.) as subord. conj. introducing a causal clause= for, because, since (see Hertz ZCP xviii 121 ff. ; xix 240 ff. ) : huair dorochair Caïn ann | i ṅglinn Iosophath imgann, | ata fo choibchi chaire | cen toirthi, cen tarbaige, SR 2005 . huair dochuatar dar mo smacht | ... | dar dreich ṅdomuin, ... | dolecub tonngur ṅdilenn, 2425 . huair dorat in séire sáim | dia athair ... | ar huamun a bráthar dia brath | ni fitir cid dogenad, 2921 . Cf. 1353 , 1754 . Folld. by copula : ail dam ní d'athchomarc huait, | ... | uair is glandil dochial chain, 1207 . ni ragsa dó, ..., | huair im siniu hi tuistigud, 1848 . Caïn ibas dig dia fuil, | uair is mac diles Diabuil, 1964 . Cf. 4620 , 4816 . úar ní for fírduine rolaset a ngona, Thes. ii 343.43 . génait ┐ ní génaiter, úair is a síd dóib, BDD 84 (for further exx. see Wi. and PH Gl. ). nocotbia airmitiu glan, | úar na tabrai reir d'Adam, SR 848 . rogabussa huad innsain | ubull cosin ḟrithorgain, | huair ná fetar cia rét olcc | co facca mo bith lomnocht, 1335 . do chin huair nachatamar, | dogénat do clanna iar tain | dogres a cin d'imresain, 1406 . uair ná dernsam cuibdi ṅglé ... ronfáid ... cen buaid in-dochum n-Iffirn, 1853 . Cf. 1243 , 1579 , 2109 , 2597 , 3037 , 3190 .

In g s. hóre húa(i)re with same meaning as above; usually, but not always, followed by nasal. rel. (see Hertz, l.c.): hore is na naicci atái, Wb. 5b27 . hore is cuci rigmi, is ferr dún placere illi, 15c23 . hore am essaminse precepte as mo chuimriug is lia de creitfess, 23b7 . hóre ammi maicc lai et soilse na seichem na hí siu, 25c6 . is airi am cimbidse hore nopridchim in rúin sin, 27c22 . huare rombu imaircide do persin Moysi, Ml. 2b6 . huare nad robae ní do degnímaib leu, 15d9 . huare is hi tilchaib ardaib. nobitis adi, 14a9 . huare is hó athir arroét macc cumachtae, 17c7 . Cf. 18d18 . 20 . 23b7 . 10 . 24d9 . 25c5 . 29d5 . 35b19 . 21 . 55d11 . 13 . 19 . 56b15 . 50d7 . 59c10 . 74c20 . 91a21 . 93d14 . 21c3 , etc. Sg. 159a3 . huair, Wb. 2a18 . 19 . Cf. BDD (Y) 67 ; 70 ; 94 ; 108 ; 147 .

With def. art. as subord. conj. introducing a temporal clause: ind uair do-bert isa tech 'when she brought [it] into the house', Bethu Brigte 12 § 32 . ind úair theigtis as cech crích | sluaig secht nime 'mon ardríg, | cach anmanna corptha cain | doticed dochum n-Adaim, SR 1113 . ind uair dodechaid, ..., | ri croda clann n-Israhél, | ann dothaet Dauid, ..., | immach for sét co Saúl, 5961 . doig ... leis co mba duine, in uair dochuaid i n-Egipt for teiched fria nIruath, PH 4788 . in uair doberair luige, ce raib se i n-a fhír, 7324 . Cf. 7426 , 7431 , 7553 , 7570 , 7654 , 7663 , 7682 , 7724 , 7774 . in ūair tirmaiges sī 'sa geimriod, Corm. Y 242 . Without art.: uair iadhaid i n-uirthimcheall a n-ard-fhlatha, Ir. Monthly 1929, 333.38 ( DDána p. 382 ). folld. by copula and superl.: biaidh oirchill re haghaidh cháigh, | an uair is usa a bhfagháil `when easiest to obtain,' TD 31.18 . mairg an uair as calma an cneas | nach smuain leas an anma as, Dán Dé xxix 9 . roinn ar uainibh uair an lá | dá uairibh an uair as liú, an adhaigh an uair as mhó | raghaidh don ló uainn a fhiú, ix 27 . folld. by fa (imm): ro áil fort teithedh léd mac san Eighipt d'uaman Eróidis in uair fár ordaigh sé in macraid do marbad, Études Celt. i 83.24 . Somet. seems= if : robatar ica imrad ca ṡocra bad comaith doibseon fri a nanmain in nuair da rachtais i cend catha fri D. `should they take the lead in battle against the D.', Cog. 128.20 .