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adamrugud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adamrugud or dil.ie/293

 

vn. of ad-amraigedar. act of admiring, wondering at; wonder, marvel: huare nach derni a a.¤ `because he cannot express admiration of Him', Ml. 128c3 . ho molad ┐ a.¤ in choimded, 26b10 . na spiruta tres-in iumfhoilngither firta ┐ adamraigthe isna noemu, PH 6251 .

admolad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. admolad or dil.ie/502

 

Forms: adhmoladh

n u, later o, m. (ad + molad. See admolaid). In later lang. usually adhmoladh (on the phonetic treatment, see O'Rahilly, Celtica i 340 ).

Act of praising; great praise: do admolud in Choimded, Trip.² 1997 . gaibtir ag a.¤ ┐ ic [a]d[h]amrugud in sceoil sin, TBFr. p. 22 § 24 . do chum mh' Íosa . . . d'onórughadh ┐ d'adhmholadh uaim, Desid. 1666 . oirbearta na hErenn . . . d'imluadh ┐ d'adhmholadh, MR 94.z . do athchor a chotaig admolta fri righ Temrach, Anecd. ii 74 § 31 . do chuinchid a n-admolta o dainib, PH 8358 . adhmoladh Íunainde for Ercuil, Stair Erc., 430 . In ref. to literary compositions act of eulogising; eulogy, praise-poem: lo[gh] ar a.¤ , Laws v 130.1 Comm. batar int aes admolta . . . oc a.¤ ind rīg, Fing. R. 341 . ro-canait ciúil ┐ airfiti ┐ admolta dóib, CRR 13 . a n-áes ciúil ┐ airfiti ┐ admolta, 3 . ro gab F. ar a.¤ ┐ dobretha laid furri, TBC-LL¹ 783 . anois ar a cruth corcra / dailfiod [m]o deoch agmolta, ZCP ii 338.19 . sreath adhmholaidh, DDána 73.13 . do len an t-athmoladh air / fer na hathroghan d'iarraidh, IGT Decl. ex. 252 . ēigis re h-adhmolad, ML² 1193 .

1 adrad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 adrad or dil.ie/533

 

u, later o, m. Vn. of 1 adraid. act of adoring, worshipping; adoration: dom a.¤ , Wb. 5a27 . a.¤ dǽ, 6d8 . etarcnae ṅdæ ┐ a.¤ gl. cultura [divina], Ml. 129c13 . ní fíra.¤ . . . bís leu du dia., 42a14 . mor do rat . . . du læri frit a.¤-su, 136c11 . adrada idal gl. profanitate, 49a23 . adartha gl. adorandi, 116b4 . occ t-a.¤-so, Wb. 5a25 . do a.¤ bachal `to worship Baal', 5a29 . dia molad ┐ dia a.¤ , Ml. 67b24 . conna dechsam i n-adradu idal, 62d1 . condechuid-som isna adradu hisin `so that he came to those adorations', 65d12 . o a.¤ ind idail áin, SR 7045 . conscerthar ar n-a.¤-ni ┐ ar ngentlecht, Trip.² 352 . sollamon n-adratha .i. Casc no Nollog, Laws v 398.11, 17 Comm. aes . . . adhartha idhul, Ériu ii 114 § 38 . lucht adhairthe an anma-so Iosa, Parrth. Anma 3913 . ar son a adhartha, DDána 37.42 . deuna gníomh adhraidh `make an act of adoration', Donlevy 406.2 . ag adhradh do Chrom Chruaidh, Keat. ii 1923 . In phrases. dia adartha: Coll, Cécht ┐ Grian fá déé adartha dhóibh, Keat. i 222.25 . asé is dia adhartha dhó `the god whom he worships', Marco P. 161 . do bheannaigeas dhōibh treasna dēibh adharthae, Feis Tighe Chonáin 167 . ail adartha rock of adoration: ail adrada (as a landmark), Laws iv 142.16 Comm. cranncor no airisem iman ailig nadhartha (as means of decision), O'Curry 2569 (Eg. 88, 48(49)a) = 2587 (49(50)d) with added comment: ar ni tualaing nech duine ro mestar fir d'anteist acht inti uma aici menma na nuile. Perh. a christian explanation of some heathen mode of divination (= incubation), Plummer MS. notes. fir n-airisme fri haltoir .i. in t-airismetu im ailig n-adartha, Laws v 470.34, 472.21 Comm. (where text has substituted the Christian analogue while the comment preserves the heathen aspect, Plummer). ?As n.loc. rocumsat a.¤ and conid de asbert A.¤ ingene Lūachāin, BColm. 18 § 17 .

áer

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áer or dil.ie/633
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: áir, aor, haire, æra, áera, aír, áer

n ā, f. n s. áir, Wb. 16a24 . aor, Corm. Y 606 . g s. na haire , Laws iii 92.15 . æra (: Oeda), Anecd. i 4.1 . a p. áera, Fél. Nov. 8 . aír f., IGT Decl. § 115 . áer m., § 96 .

(a) cutting, incising: in air a primroit . . . in air a forroit, Laws iii 306.16 Comm. = i n-aeradh a prím-róit, O'D. 2017 ( Eg. 90 f. 15(16)d ).

(b) act of satirising, lampooning, defaming; (maledictory) satire, lampoon (for meanings (a) and (b) cf. rindad. On the procedure in general see Jn. Celt. Stud. i 199 ff. ). iss ed lóg [a] enech dia aír, Críth G. 25 . atait secht cinela aire la Feine as a miditer dire, Laws v 228.25 . áer .i. ata v cenela aire, O'Curry 807 ( H 3.18, p. 373b ). lan neineclainne du cach duine . . . ina lanair, ┐ . . . da manchaibh . . . ina lanair na heclaisi bunaidh, O'D. 2310 ( Rawl. B 506 fo. 31b ). ba-sa maith frim aír / basa ferr fri molad , LU 9337 . dede nad carann duine / a aor ┐ a ghuidhe, ZCP vii 298.6 . [taisic a] dhat dia aoir antair aighidh [gach air]gid act go nguaire glantair, Ériu xiii 13.5 `[it] recovers its colour if it be blemished by satire / the face of every silver provided it be polished with a bristle', Watkins, Ériu xix 117. 18-19 . ata eolus iongnadh lasna filedhoibh .i. áor go ndath molta ┐ moladh go ndath áoire, xiii 14.18 . cis lir fodla aire . . . tri .i. aisnes ┐ ail ┐ aircetal, BB 299a6 ( Jn. Celt. Stud. i 201 ). doniad son . . . tri haera disi co ro facaibsit tri bolga for a gruaidib, RC xxiv 278 § 15 . no fhasad ainim don air in tan sin, LB 238d marg. inf. abcan ... / ... / docer la hOengus cen ail / i n-áir Midir morglonnaig because he satirised M., LL 1371 . de gaaib áire ┐ écnaig ┐ imdergtha, TBC-LL¹ 3023 . is móo ba óer oldás ba molad do Patraic amal nochanad, Trip.² 2916 . ní ticc dia ēissi bu duilge āer no molad , MacCongl. 9.5 . díoth don mholadh, olc don aoir / bás Aonghusa mheic Amhlaoibh, DDána 73.19 . file ré haoir nó ré hadhmholadh do dhéanamh, Keat. ii 5335 . ní breis aoire ná oile / acht breis uaisle is ionmhaine, Ó Bruad. ii 238.7 . Múscruidhe gan aoir `the M. without reproach', Keat. ii 4171 .

On the use of satire as a legal weapon to enforce claims and demands, just and unjust, see Críth G. p. 69 ; V. SS. Hib. pp. cii-ciii . Note also the follg. passages: cid fodera breth do breith a deda dun filid? . . . is e doni a molad dligteach do gach grad ┐ is e taidbeas a seodu eigni doib amuig i fail tincaidter renda aer ┐ na tincaiter renda airm, Laws v 12.21 Comm. iar napad dleghar an áir do denom don tí na tabair fecht feile don fili, O'Curry 370 ( H 3.18, p. 207 ). ni dlegar aír do denumh um foichligi sétt, O'Curry 371 ( H 3.18, p. 207 ). in file . . . do ni air indligthech, Laws i 58.18 Comm. dia fhélltair form' fiachaib filid dia n-air ┐ glaim n-dicind . . . minamtísat mo fhéich, MacCongl. 45.z . fuabrais troscud fa chétōir for Brēnaind .i. glámadh digcenn ┐ aera do dhēnum dó, ACL iii 4.31 . fáitte M. na drúith ┐ na glámma . . . ar con derntáis téor[a] ǽra fossaigthe dó, TBC-LL¹ 3018 . fiarfaigis . . . cia díre doberar i n-ainmedh ┐ i n-aoír a chionta, Ériu xiii 46.17 . áora ní díghaltas damh / fírolcas Áodha an t-adhbar, IGT Decl. ex. 1847 . grísadh a ghrúadh cáomh crithreach / manúar dob áor aindlightheach, ex. 1720 .

As n.pr. Aer ┐ Aithis, Anecd. ii 63.1 .

áeraid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áeraid or dil.ie/639

 

Forms: áerad, áertha

v (áer): ce nonmolid ce nonairid `whether ye blame us' (gl. per gloriam et ignobilitatem), Wb. 16a1 . satirizes, lampoons: nir' áerad lia muintir / Cenn-faelad abb Bennchuir, Fél. Apr. 8 . cein mair molthiar . mairg áerthiar Áed, LU 355 (ACC). mairg in íath ecnairc airthíar, 357 . ni romaerad-sa . . . riam i cinaid mo drochthidnacuil, RC iii 178.8 . asbert in fili nod naírfed dia áithgiud ┐ no áerfad a athair. . ., LU 10947 . ba dībech in rī frisna filedu: ranaersat co tarla teora bolga corcra for a grūaid, ZCP vii 300.17 . ( Ériu xiii 46 ). diabul n-eirce feib aighthe aertar, Laws v 228 x . ni aora, ní áorthar munab tar toirgsin ngill día ghruaidhe gris, Ériu xiii 17.18 . fili .i. fī a n-aoras ┐ lī a mmolas . . ., Corm. Y 600 = filidh .i. ani ærais, Auraic. 669 ; ani aorus, 3308 . nus-oerub ┐ nus-anfialub, RC xii 90 § 115 . no āerad ┐ no molad cach, MacCongl. 9.3 . ro aorsat iaramh muintir Uiginn, AFM iv 818.6 .

Vn. áerad. Part. áertha, Tec. Corm. § 7.16 . IGT Verbs § 80 .

1 aile

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aile or dil.ie/978
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: oile, eile, arch, aild, aile, aile, aill, aile, aill, aili, ailiu, ailiu, áili, aili, aili, aile, ailib, aile, aili, aile, aili, aili, a., n-aill, n-aile, éile, éle, aill, aili, ailiu, ailiu, aile, alaill, allail, alaill, alaili, alailiu, aili, alaaili, alaili, n-aile, allaili, aile, alaili, aili, alaile, holailiu, horaili, fulailiu, folaill, hualailiu, alaile, alaill, alaile, arele, lelele, alaill, aláil, araill, alaili, aláili, álaili, araili, áréli, alailiu, arailiu, alaili, aili, lialailiu, liala ailiu, aile, alailib, alaili, aréli, alaili, indala, indala, dondala, indala, indala, indala, all, AILE, ALAILE, arailiu, alailiu, alaile, (a)la, al(l)

In later lang. oile, eile other, one of two, second , pronominal used as adj. and noun. Inflected as io, iā -stem except in n a s. neut. (aill, see below). GOI §§ 486 ff. , Hamp, Études Celt. ix 477 (aill, arch. aild). Old-Irish forms. Stressed forms

(a) aile (as adj. follows noun; as subst. always with article or nach). As adj. n s m. aile, Wb. 12c46 . n. aill, 9c3 . a s m. aile, Wb. 9d31 . n. aill, 13a1 . g s. aili, Sg. 30a2 . d s. ailiu, Wb. 21a7 . ailiu, Sg. 30b4 . n p. áili, Wb. 12b1 . aili, 22d14 . a p. aili, Sg. 28a6 . g p. aile, Wb. 12b3 . d p. ailib, Wb. 12b11 . Fem. n s. aile, Wb. 10d18 . a s. aili, Sg. 189a8 . g s. aile, Sg. 188a12 . n p. aili, Sg. 22a3 . a p. aili, Sg. 191a2 .

n As subst. n s m. nach a.¤ , Wb. 20a10 . n s n. a n-aill , Wb. 4b24 . a s m. nach n-aile , Wb. 8a3 . éile, éle (influence of céile, GOI p. 308 ), 6a15 , 6c18 . a s n. na aill , Wb. 17c23 . g s. nach aili , Wb. 17b28 . d s. nach ailiu , Sg. 209b12 . a p. amal na heliu, Sg. 9b1 . ailiu gl. quos (nullos tepefacit sol), Ml. 94b20 . Fem. g s. inna aile , Thes. ii 15.42 (BCr.).

(b) With double stem ala aile, alaile, with dissimilation araile (with stress on -ail-) (as adj. precedes noun; as subst. does not take article or other proclitic, cf. Ped. Ériu xv 188 ff.).

As adj. n s n. alaill ṡain, Sg. 6b24 . allail (recte alaill, edd.) pronomen , 209b10 . g s. alaili thríuin, Sg. 96a4 . d s. alailiu chruth, Ml. 98d1 . n p. alá aili aidme, Ml. 89a9 . alaaili réta, Sg. 111b5 . a p. alaili dliged, Ml. 18c11 . g p. ala n-aile ndoine, Ml. 54a21 .

Fem. a s. allaili mbeasti, RC xi 446.1 . g s. ala aile aidme, Ml. 51c5 . d s. alaili tain gl. quando, Sg. 222b2 . n p. ala aili interiecta, Sg. 10a1 .

When used with a prep. ending in a vowel alaile sometimes drops its initial: holailiu, Ml. 80a2 . horaili, 2a6 . fulailiu (sic MS.), 102d2 . folaill, Laws iv 102.14 . But hualailiu, Ml. 40d17 . Sg. 25b12 . With la see substantival use infra.

n As subst. n s m. alaile, Wb. 6b20 . n s n. alaill, 7d11 . a s m. alaile, Wb. 5d15 . arele, 9c19 . With la: lelele, 16c24 . a s n. alaill, 4c33 . aláil, 12a10 . araill, 23b21 . g s. alaili, Wb. 4c13 . aláili, 12a34 . álaili, 13a9 . araili, Sg. 10a10 . áréli, Wb. 13a5 . d s. alailiu, Wb. 2a14 . arailiu, 21a13 . n p. alaili, Wb. 13a16 . ala aili , Sg. 215a1 . a p. with la, lialailiu, Ml. 14a4 (liaailiu, MS.). liala ailiu, Sg. 32b5 . g p. ala n-aile (gl. reliquorum), Ml. 37a21 . Sg. 201b15 . d p. alailib, Wb. 25b13 . Sg. 208b8 . Fem. a s. fri alaili , Sg. 202a4 . d s. aréli (see above), Wb. 8a7 , alaili, Sg. 189a7 . 212b3 .

In Bardic verse this form alliterates with words beginning either with r- or vowels: líonmhar dá reic re-roile, DDána 61.3 . sgol i n-ucht ar-oile ag ól, 103.25 .

(c) Unstressed forms (always adjectival preceding noun or aí, see below, and most usually with preceding article or cach). With article (both words indecl.) n s m. indala mmod, Ml. 45b11 . a s m. indala fer, Wb. 4c16 . d s. dondala lucht, Wb. 16c20 . n s f. indala chlas, Ml. 138d1 . g s f. indala rainne, Sg. 74b7 . a s n. indala lestar, Wb. 4c32 . With cach, usually cach la: cach la sel, Wb. 15d9 . cach le céin, Ml. 19c1 . Without art. somet. also all, see C I (a) below.

A. The form AILE.

I As adj. following its noun other, second: frituidecht a.¤ anísiu, Sg. 21b11 . pronomen naill, 197b17 . fogur na liter na.¤ , 4a8 . guidiu itge n-a.¤ , Fél. Ep. 413 . anní nail as much again, IT ii1 180.177 . cethri fogaetha a.¤ , SR 49 . immon michil lasin crosfigill-so immon muiri lasind crosfigell na.¤ immasech `with the next', Mon. Tall. 137.z (§ 28) . do nach raod aliu `to any other matter', 143.30 (§ 43) . isind le[i]th ailiu, Críth G. 591 (eliu, MS.). do c[h]ellaib elib, BColm. 62.20 . forsin triur aili `the other three', RC xxiv 174.10 . aisceda imda eili, Sc.M² § 4 R . Longínus in ainm ele, PH 673 . a dhuine dhiombuain eile, DDána 27.3 . céd eili d'uaislib `a hundred other nobles', IGT Decl. ex. 60 . ┐ ní eili and furthermore, Hy Maine 161.31 . beag oile as congnamh ré chois `little else', Dán Dé x 17 . aill with non-neut. noun: ro-lēcus-[s]a gaí n-aill cucut-su, Sc.M² § 13 . issin láim n-aill, MU² 543 . do thuc bulli n-aill, TBC-LL¹ 1998 . fecht n-aile (n-aill), úair a.¤ another time, on another occasion see fecht and 2 úar. Of future time, next, forthcoming: lathi n-and resint samḟuin a.¤ cind bliadna, LU 3298 ( SCC § 10 ). cosin caiscc naili `until the next Easter', Mon. Tall. 132.17 (§ 12) . nach (na) . . . a.¤ (aill) any other . . . : nábat nacha arm aili `let it not be any other arms', Wb. 11d14 . dochum nacha rainne a.¤ , Sg. 188a12 . indtan noteigdis nach leth aili, Mon. Tall. 129.18 (§ 6) . in nacha reduibh ailib, Ériu ii 106.9 . Masc. with neut. noun: huare nad fil na nert n-a.¤ , Ml. 29d5 .

n II As subst.

(a) another, the other, others etc.: cuit inna aine ┐ inna a.¤ of the one and of the other, Thes. ii 15.42 (Bcr.). amal na heliu `like the others', Sg. 9b2 . arus leth do fallaib an aill do doebdadaib `for half is due for the neglects, the other for the claimants,' Laws iv 126.21 Comm. mad a.¤ da lina beta olca folaid `one of two parties', ii 366.11 . ma a.¤ dá lína bes anfoltach, O'D. 565 ( H 3.17, 441 ). co ndearnadhsom in a.¤ chédna likewise, TFrag. 22.22 . mani tucad . . . ní din chéttadall ni bered a n-aill, Sc.M² § 1 . ní fargaib bennachtain ┐ ní thuc anaill (alali, v.l.), RC viii 52.25 . aroile . . . anaill the one . . . the other (ref. to léo), Grail 3399 .

(b) period of two days: a.¤ do mnaib . . . treisi do rig, Laws i 78.15 . nat ṡasai aena tar a.¤ `that one day should not be extended beyond two days', 120.18 . athgabail a.¤ itir uin ┐ treise rosmidir Sencha, 126.11 . cach athgabail a.¤ , 144.24 .i. for ata anad naili ┐ apad aili, 146.21 Comm. is for dail na haili, 146.12 Comm. athgabail a.¤ do ingin im comorbus a mathar, 146.y .i. ar ata anadh naili, 148.3. Comm. a.¤ déc space of twelve days (cf. a.¤ déc one twelfth , (g) infra): a.¤ do mnaib, a.¤ dec doib im roe, Laws i 78.15 .

(c) Frequ. a n-aill something else, anything else: nimbe anaild arbera bith `he has nothing else that he may eat', Mon. Tall. 146.16 (§ 50) . ind lethbairgin ┐ ind cethramtu nó anaild `the half loaf and the quarter or other quantity, 151.z (§ 63) , ní fogbat merdrecha Ulad a n-aill acht foraim én dóib, LU 3254 ( SCC § 5 ). it é do theoir ríagla / nítroib anaill bas diliu `have thou naught else dearer', Ériu i 194 § 7 . in fil anaill? ol Grigoir `is there anything else?' ZCP iii 30.21 .

(d) Hence with ocus, etc. furthermore: ┐ anaill forácbus[s]a . . ., LL 279a7 . ┐ anaill béus, iarfaig-siu and furthermore, ask . . ., TBC-LL¹ 1920 . ┐ dano a n-aill and úair ni chesend nech, LU 2654 . ┐ anaill niro tagaill . . ., Grail 2786 . Cf. similar use of araill: et araill aile dana béus, TBC-LL¹ 106 . ┐ araill and, dano, . . . ní fil rígain . . ., LU 4015 ( SCC § 46 ). araill ele bheós ro leth ainm . . ., AFM v 1858.z . ┐ araill ele nir bó siodhach . . ., vi 2052.10 .

(e) Uninflected aill . . . aill one . . . another, some . . . others (not found in O. Ir. Glosses): imrordus in rígraid / . . . / aill úas laithib lígdaib / aill fo díanaib déraib some . . . others, Fél. Prol. 23 . aill fir mair . . . / aill ingene húage `one of a mighty man . . . another of a virginal maiden', June 5 . áill fri cumaid . . . aill ele fri teichead (of persons), Alex. 309 . .lll. carpdech . . . aill bruitt budi aill bruit deirg `some in yellow mantles others in red mantles', RC xiv 412.8 . Hence adverbially partly . . . partly: aill is tóla catha crūach / aill is cōra cacha crích, ZCP xi 110 § 30 . go ruc in ingen leis aill ar áis aill ar égin, Ériu xi 46.13 . Cf. aill .i. aonfecht .. . ut est aill torla tres tochuired, O'Dav. 34 , Ériu xiii 15.11 .

(f) With nach any other: arna arroímatsom nach na.¤ `lest they should receive any one else', Wb. 14d37 . cen acaldaim nach aili, Sg. 153b7 . cen acomol naich aili do `without joining any other to it', 197b17 . nib écen na aill, Wb. 22d12 . ni gessid na aill act búaid precepte, Wb. 26a34 . ní epur na haill `I say nothing more', Sg. p. 217 marg. sup. (Thes. ii xxii). in fail na aill adcota[r] dam, Trip.² 1323 . cona bía cuit do nach ailiu i nHére, 2766 . do-bérad naill ( = na aill) would give something else, BDD² 276 . With partitive DI something else of: asbéram na aill diar ṅgnímaib, Wb. 17c23 . in fuil anaill d'ingantaib air?, Grail 2983 . Cf. aill do buadaib Duind C. andso something of the triumphs, TBC-LL¹ 1529 .

(g) In numerals (fractions). a.¤ déac one twelfth: oile dég f., IGT Decl. § 3 . oil a dég (oil dhég v.l.) lochdach, IGT Decl. § 14 . aili deac brotto `the twelfth part of a second', Thes. ii 13.29 (BCr.). erpais Patraic aili deac Erend dó the twelfth part of Ireland, Trip.² 911 . `a.¤ dhéc the twelfth part, the Brehon's fee . Anglicé allayéag,' O'Don. Suppl. ni uil aile déc dosomh ┐ atá éiric a gubreite fairsium, O'D. 536 ( H 3.17, 432 ). da tecarthar ni da folaid cruid on breithemain, no ailedec, Laws i 234.17 Comm. diablad na aile dec, 234.18 Comm. no co thormaigi fa geall co roib aile dec, v 252.20 Comm. log a breithemnuis, aile dec, 212.22 Comm. Perh. also in: ni bhía an oile dēgsi am díaigh / nach foighe Ó Bríain d'éicsi úaim, IGT Decl. ex. 216 . barr na ngēg uile re n-idnaibh / uile dég gun fidhbaidh ortt (lochtach), ex. 225 . Cf. Kl. enair for dardain ail uathaid fuirre `the second day of the moon thereon', RC xviii 176.27 (Tig.). 284.2 . For ail dec 35.9 Stokes suggests reading ail uathaid.

B. The form ALAILE etc.

I As adj.

(a) other: aliud pronomen . i. is allail (recte alaill, edd.) pronomen , Sg. 209b10 . cenn cridi ┐ alaaili réta `and other things', 111b5 . sech alaili dliged ┐ indliuchtu `apart from other sayings and meanings', Ml. 18c11 . imtech[t] Boinde . . . ┐ alanaile n-aband, AU i 308. 11 , cf. 330.4 , 374.4 . In later lang. neut. form somet. used after noun irrespective of gender: leth in moige . . . al-leth allaill, RC xi 446.52 . don taeb araill, Stair Erc. 782 . isin luing araill, Grail 2969 . isind láim anaill, TBC-LL¹ 1719 . Note also: adhaigh n-aill n-aile another night, BNnÉ 324 § 38 .

(b) Usually some, a certain (gl. quidam, aliquis): hualailiu chlausul gl. uelut in clausula, Ml. 40d17 . holailiu lon gl. quodam adipe, 80a2 . ainm alaili thríuin `name of a certain hero', Sg. 96a4 . alaill ṡain, 6b24 . hualailiu mud gl. quodammodo, 25b12 . con alailiu fogoir (leg. fogur, edd.) gl. aliquo `with some sound', 39a2 . alaili tain gl. quando, 222b1a . ac gūmāidim ala naile nairec ninganta falsely boasting of various wonderful inventions, Corm. Y 825 . cornan alaili cuislendach, `a certain piper Cornan', Mon. Tall. 131.23 (§ 10) . alaili fáith marb, Trip.² 1395 . di araile anmcharait, ACL iii 5.3 . aroile fer angid, PH 818 . doní . . . araile gaitt irisech `she commits a certain pious theft', BColm. 84.10 . i n-araile domnuch, ZCP iii 33.15 . ro indsaig araile carruic . . . ┐ ros buail, Grail 1435 . in araile locc i lLaighis `at a certain place', AFM ii 1066.3 . Cf. co aroile mainistir ecin, RC x 187.4 .

n II As subst.

(a) another, the other: ni ferr nech alailiu, Wb. 2a16 . ni áir do neuch molad alaili, 16a24 . is coitchen do cechtar de ainm alaili `the name of each is common to both', Ml. 14d12 . intí diib bes tresa orcaid alaile, Ml. 19d6 . tar cenn alanaile gl. aliorumuice, 95d9 . Sg. 201b15 . cenmathá dobrethir ┐ alaaili `except the adverb and other (parts of speech)', 71b17 . muidit secht catha ren Osseirgé for na Déise . . . asberat araile is tricha cath others say, Ériu iii 138.102 . in foirend is craibdige araile `the folk who are more believing than the rest', PH 6363 . coná baí aithgne neich sech alaile díb, TBFr. 271 . cach gabal tra issuidiu araile hisesam `every other division is sung sitting, the next standing', Mon. Tall. 140.4 (§ 31) . gach clas ro claideadh do línadh do arbaim alaill do imbim the furrows to be filled alternately with corn and butter, Laws iv 98.14 Comm. drécht diib i nAidniu, araill diib oc Dubcechair, ZCP viii 305.30 . Hence alaile . . . alaile etc. (the) one . . . the other, another: biit alaili and rofinnatar a pecte rosíu (sic) docói grád forru alaili is iarum . . ., Wb. 29a28 . alaaili diib hi remthechtas . . . alaaili dano it coitchena eter remthechtas, Sg. 215a1 . Later araill . . . de is used of all genders: comérgit Ulaid araill díb . . . araill, LU 5017 . Cf. a dá grúad . . . co ndeirgi fola laíg ┐ araill eile co solusgili sneachta, BDD² 38 . Also when first part of phrase contains ind ala (infra).

(b) With idea of mutual action each other: con rochra cách a.¤ lit. that each may love the other (= that all may love each other), Wb. 6d1 . rosbennach cách dib elathain aroile, Fél. 4.20 . Eogan . . .┐ Oed . . . do marbad aroili, Ann. Conn. 1340.12 . ar bruinnib ┐ ochtaip aroile ┐ a chēile, Fl. Earls, 80.17 . Frequ. with prepp.: combad imned for araill domsa so that it should be trouble upon trouble for me, Wb. 23b21 . Cf. in peccath for arele, 9c19 . is ball cách dialailiu, 5d4 . ar a ndig cechtar dīb sech anaile (araile v.l.) so that they can get past each other (of two chariots), Corm. Y 1082 (96.11) . ni dernai nechtar n-ai olc fri araili, TBFr. 24.3 = fria chéile, 420 . ón tráth co roili, BDD² 1251 . lán ón orsain go ar-oile / an teach . . ., DDána 85.37 . casmhail a rún dá-roile, 92.6 . an ro loitseat Goill ┐ Geraltaig imo roile (roile) isan tansa `the injuries mutually done upon each other', AFM v 1734.15 . dīss derbrāthor dieroile `two . . . brothers', Fl. Earls 124.1 . ?asrean a ceile agh fo laill do `his neighbour shall give him another calf', Laws iv 102.14 Comm.

(c) somebody, something; a certain person or thing . In sg.: araill tra cairigedarsom there is a certain thing (?) (`there are other things now which he blames'), Wb. 25b9 . So also: [con]-secha alaill indib (`he corrects another thing in them'), 26c1 . aroile do lāmhoip S. Niclās `one of the hands', Fl. Earls 80.20 . ba ingnad liasna Fomoire alaill tarfas doib isin cath a certain thing, RC xii 92 § 122 . atpert aroile fris `a certain man', Stair Erc. 1449 . Note also: ara ara bélaib isin charput sin araile forseng fánfota forbrec a charioteer in front of him . . . and he was, LU 9274 . In pl.: is sí cétbaid alanaile `this is the opinion of some', Ml. 36a1 . circunflex la grecu for alailib diib, Sg. 208b8 . With DI: araill d'feraib Midi `some of the men of M.', RC xviii 23.31 . do deachaidh fein cona mac . . . ┐ ar oile dia mhuintir innte, Leb. Gab.(i) 242.26 . d'foraithmet araill dona neithibh remraiti, 272.6 . araill d'áes na cemenn sin, CCath. 86 .

(d) As adv. (d s n.) arailiu `otherwise', Wb. 21a13 (introducing an alternative explanation); cf. alailiu chruth gl. aliter, Ml. 98d1 . alailiu, Wb. 9a23 (see Bergin, Ériu xiv 29 ; xvii 1; Pedersen, Ériu xv 188 ). alaile, Anecd. iii 59.2 . araili .i. gne eile, Laws iv 68.3 . Perh. also in TBC-I¹ 1044 , TBC-LL¹ 1833 ff. (reading ... cadān co leith. Allaile (alailiu LU) dia tonda etc.) .

C. The form (a)la, al(l).

I As adj.

(a) other, one of two, second (in this use a `compositional prefix', GOI § 394 ): all-aidchi on another night, IT ii2 194.21 . alachéill in sin, ZCP viii 313.29 . Morc .i. ala flaith na Fomoire, Leb. Gab.(i) 80.30 . béra cend ríg alathúaithi lat, BDD² 727 . fria lesa alabrugh of other territories, O'Curry 454 ( H 3.18, 242a ). rogrād fir alathīre 'great love of a man of another land', Ériu ii 15 § 2 . ? nach for ala thire tí tarrassais 'that you did not abide upon the surface of another land', PMLA lvi 940 ( LL 37013 ). li ala lécuinn Saul `by one of S.'s cheeks', Ml. 55c1 . ala n-or di i teg, a n-aill fri sīn, Corm. Y 35 (aurso). ala thred dub alaili find, Anecd. i 57 § 58 . tēora blaī būirig . . . blaī mescae . . . alablaī dúnaid la túatha téchtai tecraiter the second exemption, ZCP xi 83.1 . cath Ocha alachath `the second battle', RC xiii 54.10 . ala-chor second contract, Laws ii 274.z . mád ala feacht iar mbrethaib forru `for the second time', 66.16 . See also under compds. and 1 al. See also under allabrig.

(b) With article ind ala one of two, (the) one (. . . the other) (see also B II (a) supra): dotóeth indala fiacail airthir a chinn `one of the two teeth', Thes. ii 248.9 . arambé indala rann cen diall `that one of the two parts be undeclined', Sg. 74b6 . ind ala c. gl. praetermisit unam c (i.e. by writing hoc for hocc), 205b5 . co lluid tré scíath n-ete indala heóin one of the two birds, LU 3282 ( SCC § 7 ). doroigu ind ala fer . . . et romiscsigestar alaile, Wb. 4c16 . is léir dorigni indala lestar is dínnimu dongní alaill, 4c32-33 . ni coir dídnad dondala lucht et troscud dond lucht ailiu, 16c20 . īadais andala (indara, LU) sūil . . . asoilg alaile, TBC-I¹ 394 . benaid . . . Mac Cecht a chend dondala fir . . . ro boí in fer aile oc élúd, LU 7942 . Loch nE. dindala leith di ┐ Slíab C. dind leith ailiu, Trip.² 1957 . Later indara: indara láim dó fri ubull bragat in chon. dobeir araile fria chúl one of his hands, LU 5012 . indara fecht . . . canait ceol . . . in fecht n-aill contúaset fri ceól muintire nime, 1978 ( FA 5 ). is hé indara fer . . . ró an . . . Donnmal int aili, Trip.² 1521 .

(c) ind ala the second (cf. tánaiste): cengsat siar dind ara chur `for the second time', Metr. Dinds. iii 4.33 . isin dara cét lá deidenach don ré `on the second last day of the term', Laws iv 136.1 Comm. Hence in compd. numerals: ala rann deac `one twelfth', Thes. ii 13.29 (BCr.). issed indala nainmm déc the twelfth name, Thr. Ir. Gl. 25.9 = indara hainm, Corm. Y 750 . indala descipul lxx at the seventy-second disciple, Laws i 20.2 Comm. fir errainne co alasét sesed with sixty-two `séts' ZCP xii 361.21 . ?torad cach trethain ala cairrge, Laws v 484.2 (Comm. takes as all beyond). Cf. co treathan ala cairge no ala caire, O'Curry 20 ( H 3.18, 9a ).

(d) cach (a)la every other, every second: cach la céin . . . in céin naili sometimes . . . sometimes, Ml. 19b1, 3 . cachlacein `alternately', Mon. Tall. 146.29 (§ 52) . is i fescur cachlacēin / dlegar dīdnad dōib they are entitled to a meal on alternate days at vesper-time (of fasting regulations), ZCP xiii 29.14 . cach la sel dún for imrádud dé in sel aile for precept `at one time meditating on God, at another time preaching', Wb. 15d9 . ammarbad cach la sel iarum do a mbeogud indtale dia marbad `he continues alternately to mortify and revive them from their dying state', Mon. Tall. 147.16 (§ 52) . bó cona timthuch cech la blíadnai . . . colp[d]ach ḟirenn lee in mblíadnai n-aili every second year, Críth G. 266 . cach alablīa[dain] every second year, Corm. Y 1082 ( Anecd. iv 96.16 ). cach ara bliadain, Laws iv 140.29 Comm. druinech cechla bean / crecōir cechla fer, ZCP ix 170.17 . ate cuir treineacha la Feine cach la fear dia urgaire, alaili dia forngaire, Laws iv 54.13 . gach re n-am alternately, Dán Dé v 41 .

II n As subst. indala n-aí (invariable) one of the two: is dochu ind ala nái oldaas a n-aill, Wb. 4b24 . togu ind ala n-ái . . . damnad alaili `to choose one of the twain . . . to condem the other', 4c13 . ci atbela ind ala n-ái ni epil alaill, Sg. 30a3 . ind ala n-aí antúaid alaile andess, 67b22 . co n-accai in da mnaí . . . indala n-ai brat úaine impe alaili brat corcra, LU 3285 ( SCC § 8 ). elcuig indalanae, ruibidh alailiu, ZCP viii 105.11 . da fítt . . . inddala hí do tabirt do Día . . . araile do tomailt fadein, Mon. Tall. 161.10 (§ 80) . Later also ala (n-)aí: ar lēicse ala aí di arailiu, ZCP xv 316 § 10 . ni frith ala ai do thacru, 354 § 42 . dá [n]dorus [n]-and—comla[e] ar ala n-aí, clíath ar alailiu, Críth G. 101 . bōthar, talla dā boin fair .i. alanāi for fot alaile for tarsnae, Corm. Y 1082 ( Anecd. iv 96.17 ).

COMPDS. cosnamach fri hailecricha, Ériu viii 173.28 . i n-ailithír, Trip.² 2033 . asna hailithírib foreign countries, TTr.² 1747 (cf. ailithir). aile máthair, Sg. 152a2 (not treated as compd. by GOI § 394 . Perh. infl. by the Lat. altera mater). See also C I (a) above.

áilges

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áilges or dil.ie/1007

 

Forms: á-, ailgess, ailgis, ailgais, algis, algais, hālgese, algessi, algaisse, ailgeasa, t-álgas, áilgi[o]s, algiusa, ailciusa, alghusa, álghais

n ā, f., later (?) u and o, m. The meaning and earlier inflection are against analysis as deriv. of álaic (cf. Desid. Gloss.) though the rhyming exx. ( Metr. Dinds. iii 62.107 and bardic verse passim) indicate long á-. The length-mark is not usual in early exx., and Heldensage 69 , on the basis of Corm. Y 62 , takes as compd. of 2 ail and geis `Schimpf-Bitte' (note that geis in general sense of request is poorly attested). Desid. Gloss. suggests compd. of áil and geis. In later verse with unlen. -g-, as shown by the rhymes quoted infra.

As ā, f. n s. ind ailgess , Corm. Y 62 . a s. ailgis, Thes. ii 339.5 . ailgais, 47 . algis (: Pictavis), Fél. Jan. 13 . algais, LU 9727 . g s. na hālgese , ZCP ix 449 § 2 . algessi (: deissi), Metr. Dinds. iii 138.18 . algaisse, Folklore iii 503 § 40 . n p. ailgeasa, Laws v 352.1 .

As o and u, m. n s. in t-ailges , Laws i 300.12 Comm. in t-álgas (: thángas), DDána 7.36 . a s. áilgi[o]s (: fáidli[o]s), Metr. Dinds. iii 62.107 . g s. algiusa, LU 2809 . ailciusa, LB 155b16 . alghusa, Desid. 6523 . álghais (: ccais, leg. chais, ed.), O'Hara 3180 .

(a) In legal sense demand, request (usually made by poet): ailgess . . . .i. geis guide, ┐ is ar ail didiu nammā doberar in gude sin, nī har a molad. sechtmad dano lōge enig indī cosa connegar ind algess; is ī ind ailgess tēchta, Corm. Y 62 (cf. Heldensage 69 cited above). ni diles in t-ailgeis do berar don file ar eagla aoire, O'D. 541 ( H 3.17, c. 434 ). tri ruidles ollaman ailges ┐ anamhain ┐ glaimh dicend, O'D. 2319 ( Rawl. B. 506 , 33b2 ). ailges do ceanduibh an extempore demand, O'D. 2208 (Nero A vii fo. 144a). atait secht n-ailgesa breithe la Feine .i. secht n-oll-geisi no secht is tairmisge ar in mbrethemain, Laws v 352.1 . in tailges dligthech .i. ris in ti na damann dlighedh do iar tabairt ailgesa air, i 300.12 Comm. ini gellus in ben tar cenn a heinig .i. in ailges indligthech, v 216.5 Comm.

(b) General sense (importunate) wish or request: in clam gáde ailgis (.i. a itge) dí, Thes. ii 339.5 (Hy. v). ni dlegar dím acht oenailgis isind losa, RC iii 179.6 . tar ēsse na halgese forfuirmis the boon thou hast requested, ZCP ix 449 § 2 . trí hailgesa (haisgeadha v.l.) étúalaing `three impossible demands', Triads 113 . In special phrases. gaibid a.¤ DE: demands: co rragbat algis dia gaibseom . . . atá i tairṅgere dia gaiseom rí do marbad de mani gabthar algis de let them demand his spears, LL 13941 . Crechmael drúth Énnae . . dorochair and oc gabáil algessi do ingin macdacht through desiring a girl, 22255 . rogabsat na mná ailgis do Chonchobur, 14328 . rogab algais de im athchuingid fair demanded a request of him, LU 9727 . Cridenbél Cáinte gaphais algas dim . . . im na tri mirionn as dech dim cuibrind demanded of me the three . . ., RC xii 64 § 27 . tarla clamha dhó . . . gabhsat ailgius de cu tart a chasal doibh, Lism. L. 2389 . gnim nailgesa .i. á.¤ do gabail de tre ngnim ndraighechta, O'Curry 457 ( H 3.18, 243a ) (ref. to geis in sense of magic). do-beir a.¤ FOR demands of: is e dorat algais for F. `who made demand of F.', Folklore iii 469.5 . tobert ailges forsind rīg im ḟeis laiss, Anecd. iii 57.7 . fo-ceird a.¤ FOR: íarna chur do feraib Herend algiusa fair immo fis cáit ro adnacht D. after the men of Ireland had requested of him to know, LU 2809 . ro laisi trá fo deoid algis fair sium co tudchad for aithed léi she begged him to elope with her, 2930 . do cor algusa for Lucc ōn `this was a challenge to Lugh', RC xii 78 § 72 . As quasi vn. oc a.¤ FOR: og áilghes fair importuning him, Hugh Roe² 78.6 (fo. 20b) . ro gabsat ic saint ┐ ac ailcius debtha for Troiandu, BB 429b20 .

(c) strong desire, wish: tercci in bíd ┐ met a ailciusa and the greatness of their appetite, LB 155b16 . gan ailges bīdh gan bethaid mēth, ZCP viii 231.21 . cor-gab saínt ┐ ailgius catha . . . na curaid, TTebe 2610 . acht gníther tol ┐ áilgius ┐ accobur Priaim and, LL 229b 44 ( TTr. 932 ). ar accobor ┐ ar ailgius leo na timna . . . diadha do comhallad, Lism. L. 3312 . na neithe da ttabhratais lucht aingcisi . . . miana ┐ áilghesa, BNnÉ 128.28 . re h-ailgius na h-ingabala eagerness to escape, MR 318.25 . ó uile ālghas do chroidhi with all thy heart, Desid. 4819 . ní dáilghes a hionnmhais, AFM v 1652.5 . tic algis . . . on croidhi appetitus, Ériu ix 64.29 . mé gan m'álghas d'iongabhail (: rángas), Dán Dé xxii 16 . ní don bhaile do bhí m'álgus (: fhágbhus), L. Cl. A. B. 83.43 . an t-álgas fhuair an bhean / uaim, DDána 7.36 . damh fa álgus a oirimh (: fádghlas), IGT Decl. ex. 1319 . fa álgas ḟir m'ḟiadhaighthi (: tángas), ex. 1292 . Note also: re frepta do liaig .i. in re bis in ailges `the time that he is in illness', Laws v 308.y Comm. áilgheas `the dysentery', Celtica vi 68 .

aille

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aille or dil.ie/1044

 

n , f. (Lat. alleluia? See also Vendr. Lex.) act of praising, giving thanks; hymn of praise: a buith oc ailli a almsine, Wb. 16d2 . do Chríst cachain ailli, Fél. Apr. 26 . cachain a.¤ , Leb. Gab.(i) 266.6 . oc cētul a shalm . . . for aillib ┐ annalaib ┐ ornalib `in lauds', MacCongl. 3.10 . ni bi raith friut tailcenn . . . ar do fuaslaice alle arach .i. uair uatuaslaice in t-a.¤ luighi uil acusan, an t-arach trebairi `for the hymn of praise would invalidate the bond', Ériu xi 74 § 8 . Perh. also: oráit ┐ aill ar ainim Dhonnchaid, O'Curry 68 ( H 3.18, 24b ) (or áil request?). aill .i. molad , O'Dav. 72 . Of grace before meals: tre ailli gaibther re proinn, Wb. 28c20 . gabis ailli gl. benedixit illis, Thes. i 495.1 ( Ardm. 77a1 ) (of Christ before feeding the multitude). a.¤ (ab alleluia) do bheir se dh'ainm ar an altughadh sin. Adeirdis paidear d'eis na ha.¤ sin, Rule of Tallaght § 92 . bennachaid in fít, canair alle, gluaister cloc, LB 262a3 . fogní . . ailli mési `table grace', Mon. Tall. 131.9 (§ 8) . greeting(?): ailgini .i. aile do dénum riss ó gin .i. fáilti do dénam ris, O'D. 912 ( H 3.17, 651 ). As attrib. gen. tarmbreth Tomáis a.¤ `of praiseful T.', Fél. July 3 . Colmán epscop a.¤ , Aug. 8. fil and mór ṅard ṅa.¤ , Ep. 83. Cf. 373 .

See aillóir.

aimserdae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aimserdae or dil.ie/1153

 

adj io, iā (aimser) belonging to time, temporal: is cumair ┐ is aimserdai molad na n-ecraibdech gl. laus impiorum brevis est, PH 6061 . in pian amserdha . . . in pian shuthain, LB 279a54 . etargna ind láthair aimserdi, ZCP viii 176.23 . ó na piantuibh aimsiordha dhlighid ar son a ccionta, Mac Aingil 62 . [neithe] tiomperálta nó aimsiortha, Párl. na mB. 742 . mar chríochnuigheas . . . a bheatha san réim aimseardha so, TSh. 7636 . As adv.: cionnas do coimpredh go haimsiorrdha é (i.e. an Mac), mā tá sīordhaidhe?, Parrth. Anma 1381 . oibrigthe na trocuiri . . . co spiridalta ┐ go haimserdha spiritual and temporal, BCC 446.25 . an gluasacht sin da beth co haimserda `that that motion occurs at regular intervals', Ir. Astr. Tr. 58.x . i n-ar thomail biadh ┐ deoch go meinic aimserrdha periodically , Fl. Earls 152.14 .

In rhet.: beca berthair ith amserdaib dith slabrae slab comdetae, LL 13863 .

airassa

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airassa or dil.ie/1599

 

Forms: airis(s)a, urus(s)a, urus

adj (2 assa(e)). Also airis(s)a, urus(s)a, urus, etc. Cf. 1 usa. See Éigse ix 162 . (very) easy: cain airlicthe ni aurasu a coccaelad la Fene ┐ libru, Laws v 370.9 . nī hairisa ōn, Corm. Y 447 = hirasa, Corm. 16.30 . ni haurussa damsa . . . comrac fri banscáil, LU 6086 (TBC). nir bo irusa a ḟrithalim, TFerbe 304 . nipsa rochrúaid nipsa ro irusa, Tec. Corm. p. 16 n.12 . co nach urusae d'ainglib / breith a anma o demnaib, ZCP vii 310.z . erusa a cur de, O'Dav. 782 . dob' urusa linne óig . . . do chur leat-sa, ML 44.5 . ba hurussa a haltram, Ériu iv 22.5 . ní hobair urusu sin, 174 § 1 . ni horsa a thurium `it is not easy to reckon . . .', Cog. 60.19 . mar as urasa a thuigsin, Desid. 866 . 'na chéim urusa `to be an easy step', Studies 1919, 257 § 12 . urusa n-agallma easy (of access), affable, ZCP ii 336.12 . dob uras dūinn chomhrádh fada do dhénamh, Mac Aingil 434 . uras damh a dhéanamh soin, Arch. Hib. i 93 § iii . Perh. also: ni hord erosa: is rabeōda intī fil and it is no easy task, TBC-I¹ 2157 (or to be referred to airis?). Compar. connach airissa a caithiugud (leg. cairiugud?) oldas a molad , BCrólige 57 ( O'Dav. 475 ). do b'usa ina sin, ITS xix 60.14 . With DI: is aurusaide brethemnus fair iarum, O'Curry 839 ( H 3.18, 383a ). Adv. go hurasa (who utter oaths) lightly , Parrth. Anma 2333 . co hurusa, ITS xix 60.13 .

airdirc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airdirc or dil.ie/1842
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: airdairc, -erc, airdr(a)ic, urrdraic, urrdhairc, uirrdhreic, uirrdhearc

i(2 derc). Also airdairc, -erc and later airdr(a)ic. urrdraic, urrdhairc, uirrdhreic, uirrdhearc, IGT Decl. § 170 , oirdherc (see below).

I Adj.

(a) well-known, obvious, manifest: is airdircc í cach thír rocretsisi do día `it is well-known in every country', Wb. 1a3 . is irdirc for n-iress i cach lucc, 24c15 . hóre is irdircc far clúu `because your renown is conspicuous', 7c3 . erdairc gl. celebre, Ml. 25a13 . ruclé .i. erdarcai gl. conspicui, 36a10 . a ligi no a lecht and so / ni bad airdairc a Chruacho, LU 2846 . is e side romarbad la athair tria het amal as irdairc, Rawl. 124b51 . amhail as errderc ina beathaidh fein `as is evident in her own Life', AFM i 172.3 . brethnaigit . . . gur uo droch-spirut buī ag inotacht innti amoil ba hoirrderc i n-a dheghaidh `and that became evident afterwards', Fl. Earls 132.30 . cach éan mar a adhbha / oirrdhearc so is ['s] é leantar, DDána 98.1 . an sgēal-sa, do bhí rofhollus óirdheirc a Saxain an uair sin, Mac Aingil 1376 . In cheville: aurdairc rád, SR 5553 . airdirc scél, 5121 . Adv. ro cinded . . . do co urdairc, Laws i 238.17 Comm.

(b) renowned, famous, celebrated: Éndae airdirc (erdairc, irdraic, airderc v.ll.) Árne, Fél. Mar. 21 . in macc amra airdirc, Trip.² 2670 . is airi ni hairdeircc in F., 855 . úair bíd airdairc ic feraib . . . an dá gein sea, LU 4254 . bid airrdric (airdairc, LU) inti gebas gaisced and, TBC-I¹ 569 . ic taffund na hailiti urdaircc út .i. Conculaind, TBC-LL¹ 1404 . na hilbuidni airrdrici, TTebe 1444 . macoem án aurdairc, TTr.² 1582 . ceithre uaithne oirdraca oirechais A., MR 248.9 . saii fial urdaircc aithesach, Ann. Conn. 1412.11 . dochum an uasail fhíoroirdheirc Tomáis de Rís `right honourable', O'Gr. Cat. 667.9 . ód ghairm onóraigh orrdhairc (to a bishop), DDána 90.15 . trí pearsain aoinDia oirrdheirc, 25.13 . canam molta don mhac oirrdhearc, 17.31 . dīa n-dernad in marbnaid erdraice, MacCongl. 91.26 . an bhfuil éinní oirrdheirc eile san mainistir as fíu a fhaicsin, Desid. 3217 . sosadh orduirc oiregda na hEirenn (i.e. Tara), `noble', Ériu iii 150 § 1 . In pejorative use notorious: in pheist irdairc úathmar, LU 2428 . ro brised in cath irrdairc uathmur ar O., RC vi 178.134 . an fhoghail ordhruic, Desid. 3681 . na .x. plága . . . irdraca, LB 118a25 . in lá erdraicc .i. lathi bratha, PH 3616 . Compar. airdercu laechaib Loegaire, LU 8294 ( FB § 22 ). cia bad irdarcu a mbeó . . . no a mmarb? . . . airdarcu a mbeó, LL 8709 (TBC). is airdarcu dúin sanas ná da neoch aile éigem, MU² 280 . nocun urdraca in air oldas in molad , O'Curry 1878 (RIA 23 P 3, 21(23)b). airdarcu epirt (lit. clearer than speech) perfectly obvious: is irdurcu epirt lim són air rofetar ní biedsi hi cobodlus la suidiu, Wb. 9b17 , cf. 28b32 . 31b4 . Ml. 122d7 . Sg. 23b3 . Superl. ni hiad is lanorrdraicea (of names), BB 39a9 .

II Subst. famous person or place: in t-airdirc (terrdraic, taurdairc v.ll.) a hAfraic (St. Augustine), Fél. Aug. 28 . a n-aird ┐ a n-airdirc `their celebrities', CCath. 4409 . adfēd dō . . . a nīathu ┐ a nāthu, a nairdrici (a nairdirci, LU) ┐ a treba famous places, TBC-I¹ 622 . Perh. also: ardharc .i. suaitheantas, O'Cl.

allno

Cite this: eDIL s.v. allno or dil.ie/2981

 

n (ghostword): a.¤ (.i. nos) quasi alud .i. a laude .i. on molad , O'Curry 84 ( H 3.18, 63 ). Leg. allud, CMCS lix 24 .

anad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anad or dil.ie/3265

 

n u, m. vn. of 1 anaid. IGT Verbs § 80 . See GOI § 849 .

(a) act of staying, stopping, remaining: do a.¤ dar téssi `to remain in thy stead', Wb. 31d13 . isin n-a.¤ gl. in otium, Ml. 35c9 . ferr lium indás a.¤ / scarad frisin ṅdomun, Fél. Ep. 367 . dogegaind a.¤ sunn for bicc ḟeraind, Trip.² 1273 . ar in séd ara-tám ne, is annso ata a anadh resting place, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 44.6 . bur n-anadh ag Áth Senaicch / galur gnath do Gaidhelaib your death at Áth S., Irish Texts ii 11.9 . go h-ionadh a h-anta to the place of its residence, ML 48.23 . seóid cáigh ní héidir dh'fanadh `man's wealth cannot last', Ériu ix 166.30 . a.¤ co waiting till: a.¤ co roisc bēim an cluig to wait till the bell has stopped ringing, ZCP vii 310 § 5 . a.¤ I N-: im a.¤ in Ephis, Wb. 27d19 . a na.¤ isin doiri `that they should remain in the Captivity', Ml. 131d11 . doarngert [int-aingel] bitha.¤ isin chill sin, RC xxiv 56 § 17 . a.¤ FRI act of waiting for: mad mac cunntabartach . . . is a.¤ fris no co tuca fine-guth ┐ fine-cruth ┐ fine-bes, Laws v 454.16 Comm. (or in sense (d)?). anadh ris an eiccen sin do ghenam, Cog. 214.22 . nir fhulaing doib a.¤ ris, TTebe 4866 . is emilt linde . . . a.¤ fri gach ní labras in duan, Fen. 46.18 . ? cen anid fris gl. suspendat, Ml. 27b16 (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 455 ). a.¤ AR act of agreeing to: a.¤ ar sám-chomadaibh sídha, MR 194.19 . a.¤ OC: ro geallsad anadh ac Mac Murchadha ┐ ac a tsíl go bráth to submit to(?), Expugn. Hib. § 8 .

(b) act of withstanding, resisting: ag aithne anta dá n-ógaib `exhorting their men to stand to it' (in the coming fight), Caithr. Thoirdh. 102.37 . ar n-aomad anta do na huaislib `the gentlemen being resolved to stand their ground', 114.2 . ic urail inn anta, CCath. 5965 . Hence of a military attribute: fer ro badh dearscaightech iocht ┐ eineach . . . anadh ┐ oirisiomh `steadiness', AFM vi 2350.2 . fear roba fearr troid, ┐ tachar . . . ionnsaighidh ┐ anadh, iii 468.6 .

(c) act of stopping, ceasing; stop, cessation . Freq. in phrase cen a.¤ : Aingil Dé . . . aridfetis cen a.¤ `without ceasing', Thes. ii 320.6 (Hy. ii). ropo dóig lind cen a.¤ / noco bíad ar n-imscarad we always thought, LU 3969 ( SCC 45 ). secht sailm . . . a ngabāil sin gan anadh, ZCP xiii 10.1 . .x. c. torc uaithib gan a.¤ immediately(?), BB 269b22 . a.¤ DE desisting from, refraining from: a.¤ dind imguin, LU 3791 ( SCC 36 ). a.¤ d'innlāgad colla, ACL iii 311 ix 3 . a.¤ dom rith robāisi, 312 § 9 . a.¤ do molad Crist `(my advice is) to cease worshipping Christ', PH 2418 . a.¤ OC: tria a.¤ aice `through the week stopping at it' (Sunday), PH 3586 . act of desisting from: boeth da cach duine ar doman / a.¤ ica ádmoladh to cease to praise Him(?), LB 227 marg. sup. cen a.¤ oc aine, 151a39 . a.¤ ó refraining from, remaining away from: a.¤ o pecdaib, PH 3455 . geis dó anmhuin ó ḟaghail `desisting from foray', TD 19.9 . anadh ō Ifearnn, DDána 22.8 . A pause in metre: caide dethbir itir duain ┐ tririg . . . duan .i. da anadh inte, IT iii 105 § 209 .

(d) In Laws of the respite or period of stay during which a distrained article (see athgabáil) remained in the hands of the defendant (debtor), who in turn gave a `gell' as guarantee of later satisfaction of the claim. This seems to have been the procedure in the `athgabál iar fut' (distress with time). In the `athgabál tulla' (immediate distress) the article distrained was immediately transferred to the custody of the claimant instead of being left for its `anad' with the defendant (Plummer MS notes). See O'Don. Suppl., Laws i 208 . a.¤ cach athgabala iar fut isedh dithim cach athgabala taulla cen a.¤ itir, Laws i 210.28 .i. in re iarsambi in athgabail ar fut ar a.¤ i laim cintaig cin fogeltadh cin bleth cin lobadh do dul ina cenn, is e re iarsa teit fogeltadh ┐ bleth i cend na hathgabala tulla cen anadh itir . . . .i. bid anadh for cach athgabail bis iar fut oc cintach; is ditim . . . fo cetoir i cend na hathgabála tulla, 212.20 Comm. a.¤ cintaidh as edh dithim inbleoghain i.e. if the defaulter obtains a.¤ the relative immediately gives a `gell', O'D. 574 (H 3.17, c. 443). nocho néicin fasc na athghabhala ar ut do breith, óir a láimh in bidbuidh bís sí fri ré nanta, 616 (H 3.17, c. 459). The rules for a.¤ differed in cáin and urradus: nochon fuilit ree nanta re athgabala cána amuil ata re athgabala urradhuis, 621 (H 3.17, c. 461(2)-3).

anaí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anaí or dil.ie/3289
Last Revised: 2019

 

n (2 aí) un-poetry : cis lir a cenéla? .i. aí ┐ anaí .i. áer ┐ molad 'how many its varieties? i.e. poetry and un-poetry, i.e. satire and praise', Ériu lvi 64 . anfeith .i. anai .i. aos nacha fiter, O'Dav. 38 .

1 anaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 anaid or dil.ie/3302
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: ainfa, -anéb, -anaeb, -anub, -aineba, ainfaindse, anad, anta

v Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 455 . GOI § 523 . See also Celt. Verb p. 85 ff. IGT Verbs § 73 , § 80 . In early lang. with palatal -n- in fut. and condit., and later also with fut. in -éb-: Fut. 1 s. ainfa, Wb. 14a8 , etc. -anéb, LU 6375 ( TBC-I¹ 1861 ). -anaeb, TBC-LL¹ 2515 . -anub, 2518 . 3 s. -aineba (: ailechu, Celtica xi 95 ), MacCongl. 5.8 . Condit. 1 s. no ainfaindse , Laws i 250.20 etc.

Later also with initial f, see infra.

Vn. anad, vbl. of necess. anta.

(a) stays, remains, abides: intain ronanissiu dom héisse `when thou hast remained after me', Wb. 29d9 . is do inso noainfeda `it is for this thou wouldst have remained', 27d20 . nirransam we have not remained (in that state), 19d6 . luid . . . Fiacha . . . ┐ anaid Fergus, IT i 75.16 . tíagam ar ndís . . . ┐ anat ar n-óic sund, TBFr. 380 . ansait tri lá, 146 . dursan nach anadh anmait, BNnÉ 313 § 5 . do-anusdair Edarcomhal . . . ar eis Fergusa, ZCP viii 551.1 . dá n-ana ar an iul dhíreach if he were to keep to the true knowledge, DDána 58.30 . do anustair an tseisrech ina sesamh, BNnÉ 222.4 . dogebh bas . . . da n-anar mur so co fada, ZCP vi 27.1 . an-sa is L. go réidh `remain quiet you and L.,' Content. xiv 31 . fanaig go mín, Párl. na mB. 424 . Note also: go n-anann fiadhánta remains wild, TSh. 7461 . smuain orra . . . ┐ an ós a cceann go fadsduidérach consider them, Mac Aingil 3929 . Waits for, till (co): ansu . . . co nimparrá in carpat wait . . . till I turn . . ., TBC-I¹ 24 . an biuc . . . corot-aicciller, Sc.M² 9 . ni aned-som co n-indechad, LU 4342 . ainfe co mba sen `thou shalt live to be old', Ériu iii 108 § 54 . nir anatar no co rangatar co . . ., L. Chl. S. 2 . go Beinn Éadair níor hanadh `there was no halt till (they reached) B.,' Content. xxviii 16 . With CEN: roansad-sum gan dul tairis, TTebe 2723 . in tan anmait-ne cen imluad a corp-sum, PH 2059 . an feadh do anfadh gan pheacadh, TSh. 3406 . a.¤ DI or DO adheres to: máthair do fhan dá hiris who stuck to her faith, A. Ó Dálaigh xxv 4 . [anaid] dod chorp . . . / poill na gcló . . ., PBocht 24.18 . anar dá thairngire d'Aodh Oirnidhe, DDána 109.13 . a.¤ FOR (AR) ansait ... forsind fhledugud, TBFr. 146 . decides on, fixes on, agrees to: intan na hantai for cocertad Medba when you do not abide by the decision of M., LU 9003 . anfat-sa fair I shall abide by it, MU² 188 . ni ro-an ┐ nir tairis menma Coluim cilli ar Uib Neill isin cath sin did not remain fixed on the O'Neills(?), RC xxiv 52 § 11 . do ḟanadar ar leith Eireann do léighean uatha do Eóghan, ML 66.9 . is é ní ar ar fanadh againn this is what we have decided on, Maguires of F. 17 . conadh fair ro hanadh leó fó dheóidh `they finally agreed upon', AFM vi 2334.17 . mar bhanaighne is ort anaim I am content with thee, PBocht 14.36 . is dearbh liom nach anfá ar mh'inghin mar mhnaoi phósta `thou wouldst not be content with', Keat. iii 2793 . geallais go n-anfadh ar a thoil feadh a ré `promised that he would do his will', 835 . na han ar inmhe as lugha / ná ar thabhaigh `be not satisfied with any less fortune than . . .', Aithd. D. 8.34 . a.¤ FRI (RE, LA) waits for : níruanus fris, Wb. 14d29 . an frim céin córda sille wait for me till I look at them, LU 3807 ( SCC 37 ). cid frisin n-anaid and? anmai . . . frisin n-id n-ucut we wait because of yonder withe, 4738 (TBC). dia nana fria . . . muna[b] an do beir fiacha inn, Laws ii 52. x Comm. an rim a rí richid, LL 374c19 . niro ansom . . . ri cungid clochi he didn't wait to look for a stone, LL 14430 . anais Eōgan fria, ML² 416 . re freagra d'fhagháil do an, DDána 5.21 . do anamar le comairle n-Dé, BNnÉ 49 § 32 . a.¤ I N-: ni roan indi cuse / sín na snigi . . ., Thes. ii 292.16 (Hy. ii). ni anand sai i son, Laws v 2.8 Comm. dá n-antá rinn i modh cheart `had you acquiesced as we do in the truth', Content. v 84 . an feth anfuidhi a n[b]ar pec[th]aib féin, ni fuil ecla acainne romaib, Maund. 123 . do an féin san bhfearann gcéadna, Keat. ii 354 . fan am fochair si, Judges xvii 10 . corruanat inna arrad, Ml. 42a4 . a.¤ LA stays with: acht ni ainfed liumsa, Wb. 32a11 . Cf. 7a17 . anis iii aithgi la suide `it remained three nights with him', Thes. ii 242.14 (Ardm.). anaid iarsin ind athgabail la fer do dobeir a forus the distress remains with the man who puts it in a pound, Laws ii 128.24 Comm. a.¤ ó remains away from, avoids: cionnus úaidh dofhanfainn-si?, Ériu ix 4.z . ni anand o creicc m'indmais, Three Hom. 64.8 . ná han uaithi (of repentance), Mac Aingil 554 . do fhan dé Domhnaigh ó Aifreann, A. Ó Dálaigh xlix 6 . a.¤ OC stays with: anais sechtmain occai, Trip.² 1246 . ind ainfedea oca `wouldst thou abide there', Mon. Tall. 134.8 (§ 19) . is tall anas oca, Laws i 212.8 Comm. an accamsa i n-oighreacht t'athar, BNnÉ 292 § 10 . tearc iadhadh aga n-anann few bonds hold it (of the body), PBocht 12.15 . ionnus nar an aige acht seacht mba until he had only seven cows left, Keat. ii 4692 . ní anann aithne ná úrlabhra . . . aige, Párl. na mB. 3661 . tuigim nách anfadh aguinn / aoradh an óig . . . / . . . / ó ḟolaibh airdríogh Éirionn `I know that the satirizing of the warrior . . . would not be left unpunished by the kindreds of the high kings . . .', TD 23.22 . continues: issindí nad ran oc precept did not continue preaching(?), Wb. 14d30 . aoibhneas ag nach anfaidhe / a dhaoirmheas ní dlighfidhe pleasure which is not persisted in(?), PBocht 19.20 . abides by, holds by: do anudair ag foirm cheathruir ┐ is iad so an ceathrar ar ar anadar `they agreed to abide and submit to the decision of four persons', ML 180.y . ní bhacfadh tuar a thighe / dá n-antar ag uan Muire, PBocht 12.24 .

(b) resists, withstands (FRI): is é imsním fa mó ag na míledhaib nach anta (= antaí) re [a] n-imresnaib that the enemy would not wait their attack at close quarters, Caithr. Thoirdh. 75.28 . fris a n-irgail ní hantoir nobody withstands him in battle, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. v (1919) 93 § 29 . ní h-anthar ris á rind gliad, Hy Fiach. 294.1 . nir hanad annsin ac Mumnechaib re huruad mec inn Ardrig `the M. did not stand their ground, through fear of the Highking's son', Ann. Conn. 1225.17 .

(c) ceases, stops, desists: ánanas `when it ceases', Ml. 71b5 . intan . . . nunanad when it came to rest (the cloud over the Ark), 83a4 . trisnacemmen inandais, 133b4 . an ná toirche dom thadhall stop, PBocht 3.41 . anadh an uaill let pride cease, 6.36 . ro ansat na drochdoene / o ro marbhtha a ceile evil people have desisted, Misc. Hib. 17 § 5 ( LL 19075 ). Of sound, etc.: anat for mbriathra bági cease your boastful words, LU 8425 ( FB 29 ). ansat na hegme, 1907 . anait begg tra . . . na cruitiri, TBFr. p. 17 § 11 . co cend se ṁbliadna déc ni ro an gol na crith leo i n-Ultaib did not cease, IT i 77 § 16 (LMU). a.¤ DI desists from, gives up: na anam di dénum maith, Wb. 20c14 . nícon ainiubsa (conainib MS) dut moladsu, Ml. 53b8 . iarsindi ronan hua céin di aisndis dun popul after he had ceased for a while from speaking of the people, 126b1 . de molad Dé ni anad, Thes. ii 315.1 (Hy. ii). anait dint shenmaim, TBFr. 122 . nicon aniubsa dib i.e. I won't refrain from killing you, TBC-I¹ 2886 . nócon ainfe ingrimm ┐ acrae díib co bráth, Trip.² 2217 . níro ansat do silid, 792 . conrana (leg. cor-rana, ed.) don dualaich sin until he can give up that vice, Ériu vii 162.6 . o ra ansad don merugud `when they ceased from straying', RC xxiv 196.9 . noco roscar na scela / ni ro an dia abéla, LL 375a41 . a.¤ oc desists from: nocho n-antais cei[n] no antais occa treghdagh, Anecd. i 67 § 145 . lucht an indluig ni anat / ag éccnach a n-eascarat, Ériu iv 212 § 2 . nir anais . . . ic a dénum, PH 8119 . ní anat an énlaith sin ac canainn cíuil, RC xxiv 379.23 . dá n-anta ga n-iongabháil, Aithd. D. 36.31 . níor an 'gá chuinghidh . . . gur . . ., Dán Dé ii 7 . nā han ag atach Rīgh nimi, ZCP vi 272 § 14 . ni anann an fhairgi co brac ac linadh ┐ ac tragad, Ir. Astr. Tr. 46.5 . ní anann acht oc does not cease to: nach anann acht agar sgras-ne, Fier. 87 . ní anann sé acht ag senmóir, Dán Dé xxii 1 . ni antais acht ag aslach na nGaoidheal, Hugh Roe 308.25 (fo. 80b) . a.¤ AR desists from: nír an dá éise ar a fhuath . . . go bhfríoth aisde lé mar luach she did not cease to hate him, PBocht 27.26 .

1 anair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 anair or dil.ie/3313
Last Revised: 2013

 

n f. name of a kind of metre proper to the `clí' poet, see IT iii 163 - 164 , 171 . Explained by native glossators as an-áer not satire. See LEIA and BBCS xxiv 47 . a.¤ .i. ainm n-airc[h]eatail, is é dán dogní clí. A.¤ dono forreith in ree so .i. aon a hīar .i. i n-āentarmfortcend a forcend . . . ┐ i tarmfortcenduib . . . deochraiges fria nath dēbrechta. Ailiter: a.¤ .i. an-aor .i. nī haor acht is molad , Corm. Y 41 . a.¤ .i. an 'gá diultadh, co nach aír inge moladh .i. anair annso do righne Colman mac Léinin do Fergus . . . (quatrain follows), O'D. 1210 (H 2.15, 83b). ni do cli col n-ergnae di a.¤ āirme, O'Mulc. 537 . a.¤ inso sís: Belach sond slecta / sét credmaic calma / cath bodbæ b—na / bert torna talma, IT iii 60 § 116 . a.¤ rindaird, 37 § 22 . a.¤ tintudach, a.¤ trebraid, 38 §§ 23, 24 . ind anamain mór . . . nath ┐ a.¤ ┐ laíd ┐ emain, 59 § 114 ; 96 § 152 . firthair a.¤ cona .xxx. ait / issi in choiced rann fri rath, 64 § 131 . biaid bó focain Cethrur / ar emuin (nó ar anair) nurchoir, 50 § 93 . teora uama ollaman . . . emna ┐ anairi . . ., 59 § 112 = eamna ┐ anaíre, O'D. 1192 (H 2.15, 78b). is hi . . . fogluim na cuicede .i. lx. drecht ┐ .xxx. arar (sic, g p. of a.¤ intended, ed.), IT iii 37 § 21 . i[n] nath no ind a.¤ , Auraic. 3672 . in a.¤ , 4654 , 4815 . anaír dorigni Aithirni . . . da ba ┐ samaisc log na hanaire, O'D. 959 (H 3.17, c. 671). Cf. in t-ollam filead . . . anamain cain-ceitiriac a aisde . . . .i. nath ┐ a.¤, laid ┐ eamain . . . coig ba ar nath, da ba ┐ samaisc ar a.¤ , Laws v 58.8 Comm. ar a.¤ n-urcoraig, 68.12 Comm.

ar-gair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-gair or dil.ie/4132
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: aragur, argair, aringair, -urgair, arangairet, aranggairtís, aurgair, airgaired, -airgara, -aridgarad, argerat, ar-gart, argairt, -argart, ararogart, as-rogart, ararograd, arrograd, airgairid, airgarthae, airgaire

v (* air-gair-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 534 ) Indic. pres. 1 s. aragur (argaire v.l.), Ériu ii 200 § 17 . 3 s. argair, aringair, Ml. 27c21 . -urgair, Laws iv 54.15 . 3 pl. arangairet, Wb. 1d7 . Indic. impf. 3 pl. aranggairtís, LU 1695 . Ipv. 2 s. aurgair, Irish Texts i 16 § 48 . 3 s. airgaired, Tec. Corm. § 2.8 . Subj. pres. 3 s. -airgara, Wb. 2c18 . Subj. impf. 3 s. -aridgarad, Sg. 72b6 . Fut. 3 pl. argerat, Ml. 121b8 . Pret. 3 s. ar-gart, Ml. 55c1 . argairt, Thes. ii 335.2 . -argart, Wb. 31c25 ; Ml. 53d9 . Perf. 3 s. ararogart, Wb. 5c23 . ? With as- for ar-: as-rogart, Metr. Dinds. iv 156.134 . Perf. pass. sg. ararograd, Wb. 3c25 . arrograd, 9b13 .

Later as simple verb airgairid.

Part. airgarthae. Cf. airgart.

Vn. airgaire.

(a) forbids, hinders, prevents: amal arrograd descad fo bairgin i sollumun, Wb. 9b13 . cach réit ararogartsom do nebdénum, Wb. 5c23 . na comaccobor ararograd i rect, 3c25 . ergair do mac, a Ioseph, Ériu xviii 10 § 4 . ailid cac otrus humus(a) . . . aragair eslane `which prevents sickness', BCrólige 45 . arrogart P. ina hindsa-so, Laws v 434.1 (= O'Dav. 128 ). astad caich in[a] sochar . . . argair bailiuth in betha, Laws i 50.30 . aatat a tri . . . aragairet re cuairt duinebad, 28 . in lucht ar ar urguir dliged dul a rathaighis, v 226.35 Comm. as do suide ata `forcongair nad urgair', iv 54.15 . ma urgairter a lecan . . . munar forcongrad ┐ mun[a] urccaire[d], v 194.27 Comm. forcongair a fine ar belaib eclasa nadh urghuir a fhlaith, 342.7 Comm. ? aritgair ní cluass ┐ aicsi, O'Dav. 31 . níram irgaire ar C. do not hinder me, LL 12853 . arogart in séitig orguin P., Trip.² 2713 . co n-aurgairedh in fairrge ┐ ni tuidhcedh tairis, Dinds. 125 ( RC xvi 77 ). cach ní roergair uile everything that he forbade, Metr. Dinds. iii 456.76 . ? ni aurgair feil is firinde, O'Curry 1746 ( 23 Q 6, 32 ) = ni aurgaire feil fiss firinde .i. nocha nurgair a firinne imin mbreithemain fis fo aill na nguai, 432 (H 3.18, 234b).

a.¤ x di y hinders y in the matter of x: cia aridrogart (sic leg., edd.) dím sa do guidi siu `though he had forbidden me to pray to thee', Ml. 132a10 . ni bói ni aridgarad de, Sg. 72b6 . ? argair gnímu de adbsib airbrib aidblib aidbsib (.i. ro ergair . . . in molad, etc. no ro ergart gnimu Dé), LU 770 (ACC). ní argara itid díob `as much as quenches their thirst', Mon. Tall. 147.25 (§ 53) . atá lánamnus aragair in brathair diaraili, O'Dav. 94 .

In sense checks, is a match for: argair fichit fand mo chomraic / lór do tríchait trian mo gaili my weakest fighting is a match for twenty, LU 10273 . argair .c. mo chomairche my protection is a match for a hundred, 10275 . frisin coin móir nád n-árgarad, LU 5703 (= narnargarad, TBC-I¹ 1229 ). nochon etarsa indiu / . . . / loech na hurgarad (sic leg.) Cano, Anecd. i 3. 19 ( SCano 63 ). torc atchiu argair gabair, Auraic. 5230 .

(b) Extended applications: argairt . . . cáercha .i. roingair she herded, Thes. ii 335.2 . is cumma argaire[d] cac mboin `equally he would herd every cow', Dinds. 98 ( RC xvi 49 ). is úar fri cloï ṅgaeíthe / do neoch in-gair (ar-gair v.l.) Bū Aīfe, Fing. R. 127 . rom ergair Findchóem brought me up, LU 10302 . cid . . . / argair cechn-ahél athrial / sair siar, etc. what regulates the direction of every wind(?), SR 7935 . ? ceatharda arudgair in focul is mell-breatha, O'Curry 2360 ( Eg. 88, 28(29)a ). Cf. in-gair.

attach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. attach or dil.ie/4928

 

Forms: atach, ataig, atuch, attug, attuch, -attoch

n o, n., later m. vn. of ad-teich. IGT Verbs § 52 . n s. atach, Ml. 40b13 . g s. ataig, 40b12 . d s. atuch, 121d10 , 121c21 . attug, Anecd. i 41.2 . attuch, LL 243a6 ( TTr. 1947 ). -attoch, RC xx 136.16 (ACC).

I

(a) refuge (perh. orig. meaning). In Ml. regularly glossing Lat. effugio ( Ml. 40b12 , 13 , 121d10 ), effugium ( 54b21 , 107d1 ), refugium ( 49d14 , 66d1 , 121c21 ). Note also: isedh is a.¤ and, a radh ataim for comairce, O'Curry 2034.4 ( H 4.22, 57a ). Cf. atach .i. radh, ut est atach faesma .i. a rad ata faosam form, O'Dav. 143 . atach comairce, atach faesma (`to plead protection; to plead sanctuary'), Laws v 310.5 .

Hence (b) in phrase cathir attaig a city of refuge: sé cathracha attaig úaig (sex refugii civitates, Joshua xx ), SR 5195 . caithir dína ataig, Fél.² xxxiii § 4 . conid sí cathir attaig as dech fil la Grecu, LL 280a40 ( RC viii 154.x ). bidh cathair ataigh do cell thy church will be a city of refuge, Anecd. ii 38 § 14 . isna .x. primcatrachaib ataigh, H 3.18, 366b23 ( O'Curry 783 ).

II

(a) act of invoking (the construction is a.¤ x fri y act of invoking, appealing to x against y, in order to obtain someth. from y): a.¤ trócaire frib gl. obsecro itaque uos . . . per misericordiam Dei, Wb. 5c17 . digbail neich den praind ┐ attag nde fris to take away part of the meal, and to invoke God in the matter (i.e. by praying ut ne nos inducas in tentationem, etc.), Mon. Tall. 149.1 (§ 58) . iar natach anma dé do'n rechtairiu fris, SG 67.25 `after he (the steward) had adjured him by the name of God', Plummer MS. notes. a.¤ ṅdaibri ┐ dibi ┐ dothchernais fri diaid in domain dedenaig .i. ragaid cách i mmunigin a daidbri ┐ a dothchernais i nderiud domain, LL 24753 .

In phrases with follg. g s. a.¤ nuilc lit. an invoking of evil, used of curse, imprecation: ba hatach n-uilc ac cách dia chéle díb fria ré fotta iarsin `for a long time afterwards it was a form of cursing one another among them', BColm. 58.14 . The sense of a.¤ drochbérlai is not clear: se comartha déc droch-thacrai .i. . . . a.¤ droch-berla ilar nathise, LL 345e6 . atach ndroichbhérla .i. bheith anchainnteach, O'Cl. Perh. also in: ocht dtrátha ar atach árach `eight hours to implore safeguards', Dán Dé xxiv 2 .

(b) act of praying, beseeching (with gen. of God, person): oc atach dé `praying to God', Mon. Tall. 130.12 (§ 7) . dia degattoch, RC xx 136.16 (ACC). atach cāin an Coimdi, ZCP x 347 § 17 . ac atach ┐ ac etarguidi in Comded, YBL 84az . rachuaid ... d'attuch Priaim, LL 243a6 ( TTr. 1947 ). t'atach ┐ do molad to pray to thee and to praise thee, Rawl. B 512 f. 41d (Plummer MS. notes). déana atach Dé dom dhíon, A. Ó Dálaigh xxvii 1 .

With IMM of thing prayed for: oté diar n-attug im chobair doib, Anecd. i 41.2 . ag atach an duilem (sic) im furtacht, ZCP vi 51.22 . ag techt chuige . . . da atach um reite riu, Rel. Celt. ii 204.18 .

(c) prayer, request. In Laws, plea, demand: uaisliu thernaightisi ┐ tresi tu attaig the strength of thy prayer, LB 260a47 (cf. RC xxvi 368.15 ). issed attach adessam, Thes. ii 300.2 ( Hy. i 4 ). dosgnit duthracht nataigh (guidhe, v.l.) forsan cCoimdhe, BNnÉ 324 § 37 . dob feirde dó an tatach sin, AFM v 1570.17 . Legal: aircsi ┐ atach ┐ taircsiu dlighidh, O'D. 2352 ( Rawl. B 506 f. 40c ). dul for atach ndícumaing, O'D. 543 ( H 3.17, 435 ). ? atach rig rindad ramud `the demand of a king for the cutting of his roads', Laws iii 306.7 Comm. Transfd. of God: is e bás ┐ crith ┐ atach na ndúl he whom the elements beseech, Todd Lect. vi 69.2 . Note also: ar atach (aslach, v.l.) ndiabail at the Devil's request, instigation, BNnÉ 321 § 26 .

III Various: a.¤ dā derbrāthar inso (fanciful description of wound), TBC-I¹ 2837 . athach (sic) da dearbhbhrathar .i. íarraidh dá dearbhbrathar, O'Cl. trí fóindil drochbanais: foindil scél ┐ ataid ┐ airberntais (oppd. to the trí fostai dagbanais . . . gensa . . .), Triads 181 . do dénam síd ┐ attaig `intercession of peace', Arch. Hib. iv 204 . In legal phrases: a.¤ saíre `Bitte um Freiheit', plea for freedom, appar. used concretely for a number of people wishing to become free tenants of a lord, cf. in fichitmad rann do ina atach sechtar crich for his prayer (i.e. for those who ask him for friendship) (Thurn.), Ir. Recht 51 . int atach saíre co seotu no cen seotu, ceithri beimmena forro sidhe `die ''Bitte um Freiheit'' mit Wertgegenständen oder ohne Wertgegenstände', 50.2 , 13 . ? crō armedōn .i. téit mōrtūaith īarna n-atugh do sochrait aiccme bīs hūadhaib hi céin, Ériu i 215.4 . In chevilles: ní ha.¤ ṁbille, Fél. Aug. 8 (p. 175) . fri a.¤ n-án, SR 6705 .

bec

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bec or dil.ie/5512
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: lugimen, beag

adj o, ā small, little, of size, quantity, extent, physical and moral: b.¤ quasi ec ebraice paru[u]s interpretatur, , Corm. Y 151. duine beg gl. homunculus, Ir. Gl. 436. magnus et minus . . . mor ┐ beg, Auraic. 676. natat beca gl. non parua, Ml. 18b6 . cid na olc mb.¤ `even any little evil', 35d9 . atá debe m[b]ec nand, 40a20 . ma beth na galar b.¤ for corp duini, Thes. ii 245.34 (Cambr.). na brithemnachta becca `petty judgements', Wb. 9c8 . both b.¤ gl. umbraculo, Ml. 100c21 . inna mmacc ṁbecc, 123b12 . cid b.¤ cid már gl. quantitas, Sg. 28b7 . immar fa b.¤ `whether it be great or small', 73a16 . huan suidiu biuc gl. modica sesione, Ml. 135a14 . o aimsir bicc `for a little time', Wb. 5c2 . is becc rand aos túate ┐ lucht na sencheld mór ucut `the laity and the people of the great old churches yonder are of little worth', Mon. Tall. 137.4 nibo b.¤ in tech, Sc.M² 5. fri ré iúbili bicci .i. uii mbliadna, LU 4044. cansit ceól mb.¤ , LU 3274 ( SCC 7 ). ar thoirsi in meic bic do chosc, MU² 186. atchi tenid mbic `a little fire', RC xxiii 418.25 . id-bert an laoidh mbig si ann, ML² 1151. b.¤ cech glōr is cech gredan, Bruchst. i 62 § 143. dogní na briathra beca sa (of some lines of rhetoric), SG 371.18 . faillsighis . . . doibh-siumh an talamh mbiucc dia mbattar iarraidh .i. tir thairrngire, BNnÉ 77 § 148 . lethad baisi bigi (of a measure of bread), ZCP vi 286.10 . beag nglóire thú i dtalmhain (lit.) small as regards glory, Dán Dé viii 13 (but ex. may belong to subst. use below). más beag mór ar mbéim `all our sins, great and small', Aithd. D. 85.2 . ní fhuil dá éis dom scéimh acht scáil bheag, Keat. Poems 516. do chrích Banbha is beag re maoidheamh `small credit to B.', Aithd. D. 28.6 . b.¤ b.¤ very small, Ériu v 22.21 . becc nāt beg `not too tiny', K. and H. 10 (See Bull. Board of Celt. Stud. xxiv (1972) 484).

Compar. and superl. supplied by root *lug (cf. ). b.¤ ┐ lugum ┐ lugusomh, Auraic. 659. Compar. laugu (sic leg. laugi, MS), Wb. 6b12 . lugu, 16c26 , Ml. 23a13 . laigiu, 17c7 , Sg. 120b2 . lugha gl. minor, Ir. Gl. 1115. dleagait mic leigind . . . saire ada lugu a free status that is less (than that of higher-ranking men of letters), Laws v 102.6 . gnim nad lugu smacht for which the penalty is not less, IT i 70.19 . co nar ba luga hí . . . oltás orcc cránai it was no smaller than a young pig, PH 7210. ni lugu is machtnaigthi lim-sa I have no less reason to marvel, 1758 . gerba lugu d'ais ┐ do airrdi in gilla sin `of lesser age and height', TTebe 393 . Scotia Minor nó Scotia ba lugha, Keat. ii 5797. With DE: combad lugaite a nert i n-agid ríg Lagen that their strength might be the less, LL 6423. his laugudi a pennit, Ériu vii 154 § 2. ba lugaide a galarsom ón do suidiu `thus his sickness was alleviated', Ériu xii 166.7 . ro ba lughaide ro heccaoíneadh a oidheadh go ro thionnsccain sé dol ar bélaibh a athar `was the less lamented', AFM v 1778.1 .

Superl. : lugimen gl. minimam, Ml. 14c10 . is ē dēach is laigem, Corm. Y 447. cia luigem i fuillemaib gell, Laws v 376.1 . With form of compar. : ūair is é mer is lauga isin lāim é (the little finger), Corm. Y 809. na tri fira is luga a fenechus the three smallest (least in value), Cóic Con. 42 § 63 . i coneilg in neich is lughu, Auraic. 677. in aen lámh mharcaigh as luga rob olc `by no means one of the least expert horsemen', AFM vi 2040.11 . In adverbial phrases: na rachthai . . . co cend .x. ṁbliadan a n-as lugu de `at the least' ( TTr. 1776 ), LL 32574. in mēide is lugha dhe, Fl. Earls 178.z . adeirim nī sa lugha cúig Paidreacha at least , Parrth. Anma 777. muna rabha sí ann go follus, ní as lúgha de, bíodh sí a bhfolach none the less, Mac Aingil 2210 .

As adv. in d s. (in) biuc little, a little ; a while?), in some exx. perh. merely expletive: ma conatil biucc `if it has slept a little', Wb. 29d15 . in biucc gl. paulatim, Sg. 12b1 . cid in biucc `even in small measure', 39a25 . in biuc iarum gl. paulo post, Ml. 19b6 . in biuc `to a small degree', 122b7 . seōl bic romaind 'sa rōt cētna / a choss truag-sa, ACL iii 243 § 27. an biuc, a L. corot-aiciller, Sc.M² 9. tair bic ille, LU 3724 ( SCC 33 ). Compar. as adv. ind lugu gl. minus, Ml. 123c12 .

As subst. of persons and things small, petty, unimportant (of state, rank, possessions, etc.): ataat cetheora sabuid tuaithe noda-desruithetar i mbecaib who are degraded to small people, ZCP xvi 177 § 14 (= Laws i 54.8 ), see 184.23 . a becco, ol Fer Rogain, BDD² 888. nān .i. b.¤ ut dicitur, nanus .i. abac nō lucharbān, O'Mulc. 828. dona beaguibh (= paruulis, Psalms 118 ), Parrth. Anma 9 (title-page). In phr. o b.¤ (biuc) co mór both small and great i.e. everybody: tabhach cíosa ┐ cána Maodhóg o bhecc go mór `from small and great', BNnÉ 203 § 44 , cf. v.l., n.3. na coiglidh enduine acu o b.¤ co mor, Fier. 131. donangatarsidhe ó bhiug co mór, Hugh Roe 108.10 . Cf. etir b.¤ ┐ mór both small and great, Ml. 114b17 .

As subst. o, n. a little, a little while, etc., smallness, fewness : beag, m. IGT Decl. § 65. cid a mb.¤ gl. uel paululum, Ml. 29b12 . b.¤ gl. paulum, Sg. 14a11 . Études Celt. xi 110. iṁforling hícc a mbeicc rochreti `of the few of them', Wb. 5b21 . is becc rofitemmarni i rrúnaib dǽe, 12c5 . cid beicc daucbaid si `of little worth', Wb. 21c12 . is hed a mbeccsin nammá dogníu di maith, 24a12 . cid b.¤ ṅdi ulc, Ml. 46a1 . cid cen na b.¤ ndo síd and `even without a little of peace there', 51a5 . ní b.¤ dia ndergeni forcenn a sailm `it is no small thing', 69c7 . corrobu b. du essarcnaib furodamair, 131b12 . becc torbai little profit, Thes. ii 296.4 . a mbecc mín `the small light diet', Mon. Tall. 152.20 . a mb.¤ arathá . . . doṁsaegulsa during the little that remains of my life, RC iii 179.9 . edrad fota do biuc (bicc, v.l.) buair `long the milking time for a few cattle', Ériu v 116.8 . dochóidseom trá i nnem arin ṁb. sin do maith, LL 36833. don ti rucc becc h'innmusa, RC xxvi 366.4 . beg dá hioth do-chúaidh ar gcúl, IGT Decl. ex. 1093. as beag do geabhthar do dhaoinibh fíréanta a small number, Desid. 2257. beag ga bhfoil an ceart ar chuimhne ` few ', Aithd. D. 38.5 . ar uathadh sluaigh ┐ ar beg mbuidhne, AFM v 1662.3 . Of time: ni bia do m'fhuirech-sa anosa mar-oen frit . . . acht b.¤ bet oc tuba h'uilc . . . i t'agaid, PH 8230. dar thrachtsam beg roimhe so `a short time', Geneal. Tracts 53.5 .

With prec. possess. 3 s.: rochotail a becc slept a while, TBC-I¹ 2513. nír codail a b.¤ an aidhchi sin he did not sleep at all, ZCP x 307.18 . ni rucsat a beg ar a m-buidnib they quite failed to overtake, Celt. Rev. iv 206.20 . dá leigeadh a lámha síos a bheag nó a mhór, Eochairsg. 54.5 . hi tōeb na conaire anair a bic `a little to the east', Dinds. 20. gan a bheg `not a whit', Duan. F. i 53.20 . dubhairt-sean nach raibhe a bheag `he said it was nothing', Keat. ii 5272.

With neg. verb and follg. DI anything at all, the smallest quantity: ní romill a becc din chasail (= permanente cassula tantum intacta quod ignis non tetigit), Lat. Lives 11.12 . na beiridh a bhecc da bhar nettaighibh libh asin luing, BNnÉ 54 § 55 . ní haithristear a bheag da scéalaibh `no tidings whatever are given of them', Keat. ii 2571. Cf. nochon do biuc bae dia brīg not slight was his power, ZCP viii 217 § 5.

In phr. acht b.¤ almost, nearly: fri re tri n-uairi acht b.¤ , PH 550. dia bualad co mbo marb acht b.¤ so that he was nearly dead, LU 3290 ( SCC 8 ). roscarsatur ar cuirp fri ar n-anmannaib acht b.¤ `have all but separated', MacCarthy 66.23 . acht madh beac, Fl. Earls 168.23 . b.¤ ná, b.¤ nach almost, nearly (i.e. little but that): b.¤ nachamralae i nderchóiniud ón `I have almost fallen into despair', Ml. 90c17 . b.¤ nád múchtha doíne impu were nearly stifled, TBFr. 272. beag nach brisiodh mo chroidhe / gach dán roimhe da gcumainn, Studies 1918, 618 § 11 . beg do Tuadmumain nár thrían / do bí ag M. M. held almost a third of Thomond, Caithr. Thoirdh. 136.15 . go raibhe trian bhfear nÉireann ré filidheacht beagnach, Keat. iii 1462. So also: is b.¤ mā dorinnus ariam gnīomh . . . badh doilghe liom do dhēanamh hardly , Feis Tighe Chonáin 1469. is beac ma ba oirrdearca C. `C. . . . was scarcely more illustrious', CF 411. Cf. is b.¤ cid dia fesstar a chenél `his kin will be almost unknown', RC xxiv 176.5 .

With copula and follg. prep. is b.¤ do it is little, insufficient (for): ba becc duitsiu cometecht dossom `it were little for thee (sic leg.) to be indulgent to him', Wb. 10c10 . ba b.¤ ṅdamsa mad buith cen chotlud tantum , Ml. 95d13 . Hence with neg. it is enough; an bhraid-sin nochar bheag dí `grief enough for her', Dán Dé ii 23 . ní beag dó dá chora i gcéill / an fhola féin i ló an Luain, Aithd. D. 100.33 . ní beag seal don bhaois, Dánta Gr. 102.2 . níor bheag aon aifrionn amháin do rádh ar gach n-anam a single mass would suffice, Eochairsg. 51.20 . cá b.¤ do ? is it not enough (for) ?: ca beag dóibh so do robhadh?, KMMisc. 352.3 . cár bheag dhuid aithmhéala inn ? `would not repentance satisfy thee ?' Aithd. D. 34.5 . cá beag sin dá chur i gcéill ? isn't that enough to make it clear ? Dánta Gr. 85.8 . is (ní) b.¤ la deems insufficient; thinks little of: is beic (g s.) lim in bríg sin ced molad ced tatháir domberaidsi domsa is beicc limsa a bríg `little do I care', Wb. 82d1 . as becc lem slechtain dó I think it beneath me to make obeisance to him, BNnÉ 13 § 13 . mó as beag lé burba na bhfear `small account did she (viz. Eamhain) make of', Content. xxx 35. fá beag leó . . . iad féin ┐ a sochar do bhuain don duine `they did not hesitate' (Vocab.), TSh. 3065. ní beg limm do biadh gu bráth / balad mo chráibi cáimhe, Anecd. i 34.23 . ná bad begc la hingin ríg hErenn feis lais that the daughter of the King of Ireland should deem it no small honour to sleep with him, BColm. 88.8 . doraid in saer nar' beg lais do shaegul usci do thoidecht docum in muilinn (= sufficit mihi vivere donec), RC xii 344 § 39. adubradarsan nar beg leo féin a fheabhus sin they thought that excellent (i.e. an offer of billeting), L. Chl. S. § 9.12 . is b.¤ ar thinks little of, considers insignificant; despises, dislikes: sgéal is beag ar a mbuachail, Ir. Syll. Poetry 29 § 3. is beg oram cáil na mban, Duan. F. i 85.31 . beg air imurro caingean na namad . . . uair ra dhlighsiot `he thought little of the doings of the enemies . . . for they were entitled to it', TFrag. 154.13 . is bec orumsa gach uile leiges lagtach isin cuis so acht clisteri (= abhorreo), Rosa Angl. 288.16 . gidh beg ormsa S., Ériu v 184.1 . an tí do dhéanadh math . . . dhóibh, go madh é budh lugha orra, Gadelica 38.65 . is lughaidi orum tú beth a t-[S]axanach . . . uair is don talam-sin in dias is lugha orum tainic riam, ZCP vi 87.21 . gidh ard thú ó threibh fhola, / dola i gclú leibh ní lugha you are just as intent on becoming famous, L. Cl. A. B. 215.20 .

In nn. loc.: in herinn bicc bebais `in Becc-Eriu', Fél. Apr. 23. Augustin Insi Bice, Lat. Lives 42.2 . See Hog. Onom.

In n. pr.: feil Brain Bic, Fél. May 18 .

Compds.

(a) With nouns. .x. mbuair . . . mbecalma, Ériu ii 4.11 . ¤baile: go mbeg-bailtip `villages', Fl. Earls 82.20 . ¤brat ina becbrataib `in his swaddling clothes´ Blathm. 34 . ¤déntaid `small worker ' (one of categories of wives with specific activities, see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 34.32 ): masa beccdentaidh, gunudh seiseadh no nomadh gnimha a fir aiccisi ann sein, Laws ii 410.7 Comm. issed da ní beccdentaidh dissi banaicidh (sic) uaidhsiumh ina aighidsi `what makes her a small worker is to have feminine implements supplied by him', 22 Comm. ¤dolb: (in rhetoric) iba srúaim sruthborr slán lam broind begdolb crú, LL 13860. ¤ecla of little fear . pn As epithet: Conaing B., ZCP viii 337.20 . ¤enech of small honour: comairge béldub b.¤ , Tec. Corm. 33.2 . ¤ḟola, small stock, cattle: .x. mbuair mbecfolad . . . glossed: .i. cáirigh nó gabhair nó dairt, Ériu ii 4.10 . ¤grend short-beard: Tuirenn Beggreann, Cóir Anm. ii § 159 . ¤a small thing, a trifle: dorindi in ridiri bagar ┐ becni do briathraibh Sir Gyi, ZCP vi 32.26 . ¤popul little (lowly) people: is cend daim for dartoid [.i.] mōrpersan for becphopul, O'Mulc. 753. ¤ṡaegal short life: gan uamhan báis nō begs[h]aogail, ML² 1189. ¤ṡed little interest, heed: teirce a-cách an creideamh cóir / beigsheadh ag cách san chanóin, DDána 57.1 . ¤ṡelb: i lennmhain a mbegṡelbha bó `their few cattle', Hugh Roe 84.20 . ¤ṡluag a small company, host: is doras bāls beg-s[h]luag, ML² 1384. With vn. ¤carthain: gan bhríogh i mbeag-charthain séad `paltry love of treasures', Content. xxix 13.

(b) With adjj. derived from nouns: ¤cíallda having little sense, weak-witted: boathán builidh beig-ciallda, TSh. 1721. ¤cosach short-stalked: (of a plant) luib b.¤ , ACL i 330 § 11 . ¤cridech small-hearted, hard-hearted: aderthar gurab duine cruaidh no beccchroidhech thu, Ériu v 138 § 124. ¤dígbálach of little harm: neithi iat sein . . . begdighbalacha, Irish Texts v 2 7. ¤eclach fearless: Conaing B., LL 2491. ¤ḟoltach having little substance, `inops': sochla brīg b.¤ , ZCP v 503.1 . ¤lachtach yielding little milk: comét in buair bec-lachtaig, Metr. Dinds. iv 338.26 . ¤menmnach dispirited: dobhí se go brónach begmhenmnach, Ériu v 196.33 . ¤náirech impudent, shameless: m'iaraidh-si do bhancheile led' bogbhriathraib begnaracha, ZCP vi 26.16 . ¤nertach having little strength, weak: biaid in bhuidhe becnertach (of a plague), SG 21.4 . ¤nertmar: don chriosdáidhe óg bhíos maoth beignertmhar, Ó Héodhusa 195.13 . ¤thuicsech feeble-witted: an téigentach bocht begthuigsech sin, Ériu v 166.34 . ¤uiscech: biaidh . . . an geimhreadh . . . beag-uisceach `scarce of water', Corp. Astron. 64.7 . Note also artificial compd. ¤máo: in b.¤ máo (? leg. becmáo) .i. is b.¤ as máo oldáusa .i. is b.¤ in derscugud gl. paruo maior quam ego, Sg. 45a15 .

Note also: muiti .i. mifothai . . . .i. b.¤ caithte a foghur, Auraic. 467.

1 bés

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bés or dil.ie/5755
Last Revised: 2013

 

n (Cf. Hiberno-Latin bes(s)us Latin Letters in Early Christian Ireland xii 207 ). u, m. b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 95.

(a) habit, custom, usual procedure, practice; manner, way: ni fil linn in béesso gl. consuetudinem non habemus, Wb. 11c21 . iudide ó béssaib, 10d35 . ithæ inso bésse inna fedb `these are the manners of the widows', 29a3 . ishé didiu a mb.¤ adi intí diib bes tresa orcaid alaile gl. more uiuitur bestiarum, Ml. 19d6 . ón bes dóindu gl. homano more, 51d25 . iarsin bǽs doindu, 127d15 . bithbethu iar ṁbes for Dé deis according to custom, SR 1497. modh (ón bh.¤), IGT Decl. § 95 (127.9) . b.¤ modh o eincheill araen (v.ll.), ib. n. 7 . cach cenél dib cona deilb ┐ cona bes ┐ cona aicned foleith (of animals), Ériu ii 126 § 89. gach béas ban da, DDána 114.30 . b.¤ duine dhubhaigh likeness , IGT Decl. ex. 1089. is bes tra . . . briathra na salm . . . do erlabrai ánd `it is customary', Ml. 26c6 . isse a bees . . . fogeir a nggalar in uile corp the disease is wont to inflame etc., Thes. ii 245.33 (Cambr.). is béss didu ind liacc benir (sic leg., note) ilbeim friss, Wb. 4d15 . isé b.¤ ind fir se marbad a óeged, Thes. ii 323.13 (Hy. iv Comm.). With DO: is bées . . . donaib dagforcitlidib molad ingni inna nétside, Wb. 11b6 . is b.¤ tra dosom anisiu, 22c10 . is bes do som tra buith cen chomaccomla, Ml. 28d6 . is b.¤ duibsi . . . ní réidid it is not your wont to drive, LU 5093 ( TBC-I¹ 607 ). is béas don bhláth machuire the field is natural to the flower, DDána 7.3 . With LA and OC: is b.¤ leosom in daim do thúarcuin, Wb. 10d6 . is bǽs linni epert gl. nobis moris est dicere, Ml. 30c3 . ar ba bes la suidib .u. tar hesi ṅí , Sg. 4a9 . ba b.¤ oc Rómanachaib, etc., PH 3291. ní béas eilte d'éis a laoigh / agam I do not practise the habit of a doe bereft of its fawn, DDána 69.25 .

In prep. phrases: (ó) b.¤ , (ó) bésaib: trebait isin cathraig . . . o b.cethecailsi na n-apstal in the Catholic manner of . . ., Anecd. iii 69.25 . Cf. bés (cen bes, v.l.) mora, Lament 88 § 1 . étiud bān bēsaib srotha `white raiment after the fashion of an elder', Ériu ii 66 § 13. ni bia o besaib mogha, Laws iv 16.23 . See Celtica vi 234.z. fo b.¤ : fo b.¤ srotha luaith `in the manner of a swift stream', Wb. 32c16 .

(b) In more specialized sense (particularly in pl.) moral(s), good behaviour: ar chuit óisa et bésa, Wb. 28d24 . cid maith a b.¤ oca thig his conduct, TFerbe 521 . riaglóir . . . / conoathar b.¤ `who preserves good manners' (in a monastery), Ériu iii 106 § 43. intamlid a béssu, Wb. 9a14 . asbera frib coteeet mo béssise gl. uias meas, 9a17 . bési nodaberat inæclis, 28d26 . inna mbéso (`rather bése,' note) sainemlae gl. morum, Ml. 30d15 . ar indí atreba bésu aristotil, Sg. 33a29 . cen buaidred ar do béssaib `no deterioration in thy conduct', PH 7552. do bhéasa ód óige = thy manner, Jeremiah xxii 21. ar bhéasaibh ná ar mhíbhéasaibh, DDána 120.29 .

(c) Legal customary (annual) (food-) rent (glossed biad uais, Laws ii 222.14 Comm.), tribute, etc. (see ZCP xiv 340.19 , Críth G. p. 75 , PRIA xxxvi C 283.25 ): sudiges bēs foruib nō cacht (etymol. of forbasach), Corm. Y 658. turcrec cacha besa of every annual rendering of tribute (Thurn.), ZCP xiv 341 § 3a . ná[d] fuiln(g)e a b.¤ tar molt cona ḟosair. Ma ḟorbera folud a thige . . . co mbí b.¤ a thige and íarna míad, Críth G. 80 , 83 . do berthar boin cech lis a Mumain duit . . . acht na derntar bes de, RC xliii 16 § 10. fri comus a mbesa ┐ a císa doib `to assess their tributes and taxes', Ériu xii 162 § 2. v. tricha in rig do ┐ cis ┐ bes do estib `rent and tribute for the five King's Cantreds', Ann. Conn. 1235.19 . See airchenda

Note also: b.¤ gl. idioma, Ml. 51c25 , 62d8 . dun b.¤ ebraidiu gl. Ebreco idiomati, 71c11 . anat n-uaibrigthi in bæsai cosecarthi gl. ritibus sacris, 100c16 .

Compds. bésgnethid gl. morigera, Thes. ii 3.29 . trisin ṁbæstindrim gl. per tropologiam, Ml. 41a2 . 48c11 .

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